nu fiqrob, momende

qarTuli politikis ramdenime mniSvnelovani tendenciisa da cnebis Sesaxeb

samfexa cxeni da ufskrulis suli
qvemoT seriozul Temaze minda laparaki, magram Tavidan cota gaviRimoT: maTxovari fuls ipovis da gaxarebuli ifiqrebs, modi, rame iseTs movigoneb, rom fuli swrafad gavamravlo da mTeli sicocxle uzrunvelyofili viyoo. am fiqrebiT ipodroms miadgeba, iq ki doRisTvis emzadebian. uyurebs maTxovari da xedavs, cxenebs Soris erTi samfexa cxeni gamoreula. magram Zalian ucnauri isaa, rom erTi fexi ki ar aklia, ubralod – sami fexi aqvs: erTi win, erTi SuaSi da erTic ukan. maTxovari gaSterebuli uyurebs am arsebas da uecrad samfexa cxeni misken daiZvreba da adamianis enaze mimarTavs: “nu fiqrob, momende, dade Cemze fuli da erTbaSad gamdidrdebio”. maTxovari gaognebulia, Tavi zRaparSi gonia. samfexa cxeni imdenad fantastikuri arsebaa, rom Znelia misi ar irwmuno. erTi sityviT, aRtkinebuli gavardeba da mTel fuls samfexa cxenze dadebs. daiwyeba rbola. pirvelive wamebze samfexa cxeni ukan CamorCeba, is ki ara, Zlivs miCaqCaqebs. magram maTxovari mSvidadaa, darwmunebulia, rom es ucnauri arseba raRac saswauls moaxdens. sxva cxenebma ukve 8 wre daartyes, magram maTxovari mSvidadaa, nebaze gadawolili, sigarets abolebs da bednierebis wams elodeba. mecxe wrec ukanaa – maTxovari mSvidadaa. meaTec miilia da samfexa ukve miwaze gdia, ise rom erTi wrec ar gauTavebia. da am dros maTxovari mixvda, rom yvelaferi damTavrda, ocnebebi wyalSi Caeyara, rac qonda isic dakargda da isev maTxovrad gadaiqca. SeZrwunebuli gadaiWreba sarben bilikze, mivardeba samfexa cxens da uSverad aginebs, Tan mosTqvams, ra gindoda, ras merCodi, ratom damRupeo. samfexa cxeni am dros dabla gdia da suls Rafavs. maTxovari aginebs, ar Cerdeba. da uceb samfexa cxeni odnav mosulierdeba, wamowevs Tavs da sacodavi saxiT Seexveweba: “ver SevZeli, ra vqnao”. axla mogiyvebiT imave istorias, oRond ufskrulis sulis (samfexa cxenis Sinagani bunebis) TvaliT danaxuls: kaci manqaniT ufskrulSi gadavardeba, Tavad rogorRac gadmoxteba da cali xeliT fesvs daekideba. qvemoT Rrma ufskrulia. ufskrulis suli masTan mifrindeba da eubneba: “nu fiqrob, momende, xeli uSvi mag fesvs da aqedan amogiyvano. kaci miendoba, fesvs xels SeuSvebs, Cavardeba da CaiCexeba ufskrulSi. ufskrulis suli danaRvlianebuli iqve qvaze Camojdeba da sasowarkveTili Cailaparakebs: “ra vqna, arc gamomdis da verc veSvebi am saqmeso”.

naZvnaris devi – Zveli totemi
daaxloebiT asea Cveni saqmec. “nu fiqrob, momende” Cveni drois lozungad iqca. es Cveni drois gmirebis lozungia. da ra qnas xalxma, romelsac swrafad gamdidreba unda? gana ar jobia, ar ifiqro da miendo, vidre ifiqro da iSromo? jer samfexa cxens ipovi da aRfrTovanebuli mas miendobi, mere sadme ufskrulis suli gadageyreba, Tu bedma gagiRima, SeiZleba naZvnaris devmac SemogTavazos samsaxuri. Cvenc davdivarT ase, qila erbos ZiebaSi, rom mere misi bedic caSi yurebasa da stvenas SevwiroT. dRes yvela SeTanxmda, rom saakaSvili unda wavides. qarTuli dialeqtika amas Semdegnairad ganmartavs: Tu saakaSvili ar varga, e.i. varga is, vinc mas upirispirdeba. xom SeiZleba, rom masTan dapirispirebul adamianebSi viRac aseve ar vargodes? magram qarTul dialeqtikas aseTi “umniSvnelo detalebi” ukve aRar ainteresebs. mTavaria, rom gacxadda erTi WeSmariteba – “saakaSvili unda wavides”. ra mosatania aq iseTi kiTxvebi, rogoricaa: “ra iqneba xval?” “vin mova xval?” “risi imedi aqvT arareitingul politikosebs, romlebic milionebs xarjaven?” “ra gziT apireben isini xelisuflebaSi mosvlas?” “ratom ar svams am kiTxvebs danarCeni opozicia?” “ratom ar svamen am kiTxvebs sazogadoebis warmomadgenlebi da eqspertebi?” ukve meramdened, gaCnda axali tabu. misi saxelia 9 aprili. amjeradac, tabus eWqveS dayeneba umoklesi gzaa miSas agentobamde. naZvnaris devi kldeze zis, gasxepili naZviT Zafs arTavs da TavisTan gvixmobs.

qarTuli polit-siuJetisa da Janris poetika
qarTuli polit-siuJetis struqtura genialurad martivia: Cits moaqvs ambavi; am ambiT aRZruli qarTveli polit-gmiri, samfexa cxeni, iwyebs moqmedebas; Tavgadasavlebis Semdeg gmiri marcxdeba; gmiri bodiSs ixdis. minda mkiTxvels gavando, rom msoflio miTologiebSi saqme cota sxvagvaradaa. iq Tavgadasavlebis Semdeg gmiri imarjvebs da zecad maRldeba. amitom, aqac yvelaferSi Cveni gamorCeuloba Cans. ar vici, Rirs Tu ara dRevandeli xelisuflebis Sesaxeb calke laparaki, radgan isinic iseve zedmiwevniT eqvemdebarebian qarTuli polit-siuJetis poetikas, rogorc maTi Rirseuli kolegebi opoziciidan. politikosTa erTi jgufi, romelic samfexa cxenebisa da ufskrulis sulebis magier sakuTari racios Zalas endoba, alyaSia moqceuli da maTi xma saerTo WixvinSi ikargeba. naZvnaris devi ki kldeze zis, gasxepili naZviT Zafs arTavs da qirqiliT Tavisken gvixmobs. qarTuli polit-Janri mefisa da gamRivaris (masxaris) siuJetebiTac xasiaTdeba. mefe da masxara Zmebi arian. droebiT masxara mefed iqceva, mas yvela Sehxaris, mis bilwsityvaobas taSs ukravs, icinis mis ukbilo oxunjobebze, aRafrTovanebs misi simaxinje da siamovnebs misi ayrolebuli suni. msoflio miTologiebSi masxara kvdeba da mefis sicocxles udebs saTaves. qarTul realobaSi ki saqme sxvagvaradaa – bodiSebisa da gawbilebuli imedebis gareSe fons verc aq gavdivarT.

Citis motanili ambebi
1989 wels Citma xuTi ambavi moitana: pirveli, rom sabWoTa kavSiri Cveni mteria; meore – rom patiaSvili rqebiani satanaa, romelsac TiToeuli rqa samocdaSvidi santimetris sigrZisa aqvs da rqis ZirebSi satanuri ricxvi oqros asoebiT aweria; mesame – rom komunistebTan brZolis bedi 9 aprilis lokaluri protestiT unda gadawyvetiliyo, meoTxe – rom Tu komunistebi wavidodnen, mere yvelaferi kargad iqneboda, da mexuTe – rom movlenebze pasuxismgebeli iyo xalxi. 1992 wels Citma moitana xuTi axali ambavi: pirveli – rom amerika da ruseTi Cveni mtrebi arian; meore - rom gamsaxurdia rqebiani satanaa, romelsac TiToeuli rqa samocdaSvidi santimetris sigrZisa aqvs da rqis ZirebSi satanuri ricxvi oqros asoebiT aweria; mesame – rom gamsaxurdiasTan brZola mxolod iaraRiT SeiZleboda, meoTxe – rom gamsaxurdia Tu wavidoda, mere yvelaferi kargad iqneboda, da bolo, mexuTe – rom movlenebze pasuxismgebeli iyo xalxi. 2003 wels Citma moitana kidev xuTi axali ambavi: pirveli – rom ruseTi Cveni mteria, meore rom SevardnaZe rqebiani satanaa, romelsac TiToeuli rqa samocdaSvidi santimetris sigrZisa aqvs da rqis ZirebSi satanuri ricxvi oqros asoebiT aweria; mesame – rom SevardnaZesTan brZola vardebiani gadatrialebiT SeiZleboda, meoTxe – rom SevardnaZe Tu wavidoda, mere yvelaferi kargad iqneboda; da mexuTe – rom movlenebze pasuxismgebeli iyo xalxi. dRes qarTul politikaSi frinvelTa axali partiaa, axali xuTi ambiT: erTi isaa, rom amerika Cveni mteria; meore isaa, rom miSa rqebiani satanaa, romelsac TiToeuli rqa samocdaSvidi santimetris sigrZisa aqvs da rqis ZirebSi satanuri ricxvi oqros asoebiT aweria; mesame isaa, rom miSasTan brZola mxolod 9 aprilis lokaluri protestiT SeiZleba; meoTxe isaa, rom miSa Tu wava, yvelaferi kargad iqneba; da mexuTe ki isaa, rom movlenebze pasuxismgebloba xalxma unda aiRos.

samfexa cxenis axali saTavgadasavlo mzadeba
maTxovars bodiSi rom mouxada da cota suli moiTqva, samfexa cxenma sakuTar Sinagan bunebasTan, ufskrulis sulTan, dapirispireba gadawyvita. mas amjerad xuTi axali gmiroba aqvs Casadeni: unda Tavi daixsnas amerikisgan da mere neitraliteti gamoacxados; unda gaagdos miSa, anu sakuTari Sinagani buneba, anu ufskrulis suli; miSa unda gaagdos 9 aprils; xalxi unda daarwmunos, rom miSas mere yvelaferi “magra” iqneba da, radgan mainc samfexa cxenia da bolomde ar endobian, xalxs uTxras, rom am yvelafers xalxi Tavad akeTebs. da ras izams xalxi, romelsac swrafad gamdidreba unda? meramdened erwmuneba ufskrulis suls? an aqvs ki xalxs sxva arCevani samfexa cxenebis winamZRolobis garda? aris sadme namdvili demiurgosi Tu karikaturuli politikosebis amara varT darCenilebi? dabolos: rogor amovicnoT demiurgi?

demiurgi
demiurgi berZnulad xalxisTvis moqmeds niSnavs. igive fuZe udevs safuZvlad sityvas “energia”, rac imas niSnavs, rom berZnulSi “energia” raime abstraqtul Zalas ki ar niSnavs, aramed – qmnadobisaken mimarTul Zalas. mogvianebiT, neoplatonur tradiciaSi, demiurgs RmrTaebriv gons uwodebdnen. zedmet wiaRsvlebs rom Tavi avaridoT, martivad vTqvaT, rom demiurgi saqmiT icnoba, gonieri saqmiT. demiurgs xalxisTvis sikeTe moaqvs, mas cecxli moaqvs cidan, adamianebs cxovrebas uadvilebs, ganviTarebis

pirobebs qmnis, gzas uCvenebs, gzaze miuZRveba, saTaves udebs kulturas. demiurgi saidumlos gamomcnobelia, codnis matarebelia, SorsmWvreteli da xalxisaTvis Tavdadebuli gmiria, romelic sakuTari ganlevis fasad badebs sicocxles. demiurgi ar aris qarizmatuli lideri, is xalxis gonieri msaxuria. mas Tavidanve endobian, radgan is saqmiT icnoba. TvalebdaWyetili samfexa cxeni demiurgis antipodia. is cru imedebs badebs, mcdar gzebze dagvatarebs, mogviwodebs, bolos ki bodiSs ixdis da patiebas iTxovs. samfexa cxenis mowodeba alalbedze nasroli ankesia, is mxolod maSin cocxlobs, Tu ankesi rames gamosdo. sxva SemTxvevaSi mas funqcia ara aqvs da kvdeba. misi sicocxlis niadagi win gadagdebuli sityvaa, demiurgi ki niadags nakvaleviT qmnis. amitom, demiurgi saqmiT icnoba, samfexa cxenebi ki – maTi sityvebiT.

SaiTan
dRes naxevari saqarTvelo gaiZaxis, rom “miSa satanaa”. moqilikeebi amaze icinian da xalxis “miTologiur azrovnebaze” laparakoben. magram es ar niSnavs, rom mis ukan araferi igulisxmeba. satana, anu SaiTani semituri warmoSobis sityvaa. garda pirdapiri mniSvnelobisa, rac “eSmaks” niSnavs, “SaiTanis” etimologiaSi kidev ori cneba ikiTxeba: “moxetiale” da “bralmdebeli”. es ori cneba erTmaneTs erwymis “SaiTanis”, rogorc “Tavisufali nebis matareblis” islamur gagebaSi, sadac es sityva zedsarTav saxelad gamoiyeneba da SeiZleba miemarTebodes rogorc adamianebs, aseve – jinebs. islamSi swored am “Tavisufali nebiT” ixsneba RmerTis winaaRmdeg SaiTan-jinis amxedrebis mizezi. erTi sityviT, rogorc “moxetiale”, SaiTani gzasacdenils niSnavs: suls, romelic eWvebiT Sepyrobila da gzas ver xedavs, ugzo-ukvlod daexeteba da mis mimdevrebsac ufskrulisaken miaqanebs. sainteresoa, rom “SaiTani” ucxosac niSnavs, rac imaze miuTiTebs, rom ucxo gzaze mavalic SaiTania. rodesac arsebobs gzasacdenili, arsebobs gzac. da rodesac arsebobs ucxo gza, arsebobs sakuTaric. rodesac qarTveli ambobs “satana”, gulisxmobs, rom viRaca Cvens savals ascda, ucxoa. amitom, mniSvnelovania imis moxazva, Tu ra ar aris ucxo qarTvelebisTvis, rogoria qarTvelTa gza? tradiciulad, am kiTxvaze pasuxis gasacemad istorias mimarTaven xolme, rac mTlad swori meTodi ar aris Tundac imitom, rom istoriis wakiTxva mravali interpretaciiT SeiZleba. amitom, sjobs aqac swori meTodologiiT visargebloT da msjeloba zogad kategoriebs davuqvemdebaroT.

ieriqoni
arc Tu didi xnis, daaxloebiT 120 saukunis winaT, mdinare iordanes napirze aSenda msoflioSi pirveli galavniani qalaqi, ieriqoni. es aris pirveli adgili, sadac adamianma momTabareoba mudmiv sacxovrisze gacvala. am qalaqis pirvel fenaSi arqeologebi dRes galavnis, Sidakibiani koSkisa da samsxverplo taZris naSTebs pouloben. rogorc pirveli galavniani samosaxlo, ieriqoni anTropologebis yuradRebis centrSi moxvda. amitom dadgenilia, rom aq xalxis erT adgilze damagrebis mizezi nayofieri miwebi gaxda. ieriqonis pirveli mosaxleebi imden mosavals moiwevdnen, rom mTeli weli sakvebi sazrunavi aRar hqondaT. es garemoeba ar gamoparviaT garSemo moxetiale tomebs, romlebic SimSilobis periodSi Tavs esxmodnen da Zarcvavdnen ieriqonis mosaxleobas. amis Sedegi iyo pirveli TavdacviTi nageboba, ieriqonis galavani, ramac msoflioSi pirvel poliss daudo saTave. sakvebi, romlis dasacavadac aigo galavani, ukvdavebis wamlis msgavsi iyo. galavani ukvdavebisaTvis aigo. masve auges taZari da swiravdnen msxverpls. principSi, ieriqoni mxolod pirveli galavniani samosaxlo ki ar aris, aramed – aseve pirveli damagrebuli sociumis, saxelmwifos simboloa. ieriqonis magaliTi saucxoo ilustraciaa imisa, rom saxelmwifo sazogadoebis ukvdavebis uzrunvelsayofad iqmneba. amitom, rogoric unda iyos qarTvelTa gza, misi bolo qarTvelTa ukvdaveba iqneba, am gzas acdenili ki yvela satanad moinaTleba. es aris is pirveli, rac qarTvelTa gzasTan dakavSirebiT unda gagverkvia.

qarTvelTa gza
raSi mdgomareobs qarTvelTa ukvdaveba, ras vicavT da ras unda vicavdeT? martivi pasuxia – “qarTvelTa identobas”. magram, ra aris identoba? gavrcelebuli warmodgenis sapirispirod, identoba ar ukavSirdeba viwrod gagebul kulturas. upirveles yovlisa, esaa usafrTxoebis koleqtiuri gageba, usafrTxoebaSi ki igulisxmeba fizikuri, socialuri da RirebulebaTa sistemis usafrTxoebis uzrunvelyofa. amitom, qarTvelTa gzac swored esaa – sistema, romliTac davicavT Cvens fizikur usafrTxoebas, davicavT adre mopovebuls, davicavT samkvidros, uzrunvelyofT socialur keTildReobas da davicavT da ganvaviTarebT kulturas. sistema mniSvnelovani cnebaa. is gulisxmobs sazogadoebis imgvar struqturirebas, sadac sazogadoebis yvela fenas, mis TiToeul nawils Tavisi funqcia aqvs, es funqciebi ki mimarTulia Cveni fizikuri usafrTxoebis, socialuri keTildReobisa da kulturis ganviTarebisaTvis. gzaze mTavari gzis bolo araa. mniSvnelovani Tavad gzaa. erTi berZeni poeti iTakaSi gamgzavrebul mgzavrs urCevs, nu aCqardebi, “inatre, iyos usasrulo savali Sorio”. oRond, iTakas nu daiviwyeb da gzas nu gadauxvev, da rodesac ukve moxucebuli miadgebi iTakas, simdidre gzaSi unda gqondes moxveWili, Tavad Takasagan ki wyalobas nu elio. es sityvebi imas niSnavs,

rom Sedegi miuRwevelia gzis gareSe, radgan gzis gareSe miRweuli mizani sxva gziT miRebuli jildoa, aseTi jildo ki SaiTanisaa. am gzaze demiurgosi unda wagviZRves, demiurgosi ki isaa, vinc qaosSi gzas gamoarCevs da mas daadgeba, vinc SaiTanis aram jildoze uars ityvis da Sromas mieZaleba, da amas xalxisTvis gaakeTebs. demiurgosis gza gonebis TvaliT ixileba, mas brmebi ver gayvebian. amitom, qarTvelTa gzaze dadgomisTvis gonebis Tvali unda avaxiloT da spilenZi oqrosagan gamovarCioT, cxeli sityvebis nacvlad civ gonebas mivednoT, mowodebebis nacvlad – gasageb argumentebs. es aris xalxis pasuxismgebloba. xalxi klavs demiurgebs da xalxi badebs, xalxi klavs TvalebdaWyetil samfexa cxenebs da xalxive badebs. iqneb, amjerad demiurgi davbadoT.

andro barnovi 23.03.2009

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