You are on page 1of 5

Hi guys!

This is a guide for you to get in

ENGLISH IV CONDITIONALS!! NAME:

touch with the most elemental aspects which imply the use of conditionals! I hope you find it useful!

THE ZERO CONDITIONAL: CERTAINTY!!

We use the so-called zero conditional when the result of the condition is always true, like a scientific fact.

For example: Take some ice. Put it in a saucepan. Heat the saucepan. What happens? The ice melts (it becomes water). You would be surprised if it did not!!

FORMULA: If+ Condition +Result TENSE: Present simple + Present simple EXAMPLE: If you heat ice, It melts Notice that we are thinking about a result that is always true for this condition. The result of the condition is an absolute certainty. We are not thinking about the future or the past, or even the present. We are thinking about a simple fact. We use the present simple tense to talk about the condition. We also use the present simple tense to talk about the result. The important thing about the zero conditional is that the condition always has the same result.
EXAMPLES USING IF + CONDITION + RESULT EXAMPLES USING RESULT + IF + CONDITION

If I miss the 8 o'clock bus, I am late for work. If I am late for work, my boss gets angry. If people don't eat, they get hungry.

I am late for work if I miss the 8 o'clock bus. My boss gets angry if I am late for work. People get hungry if they don't eat.

Activities
1.- Complete the following events: a)If you do not study ________________________________ hard,

b)__________________________________, If you get up late.


Designer: Lic. Yovaida A. Dovale V.

Page 1

c) If you eat a lot, ______________________________________ d) If I get sick, _____________________________? e) Doest it hurt, ____________________________? Create a short dialogue where you can include zero conditionals

THE FIRST CONDITIONAL: REAL POSSIBILITY!!! We are talking about the future. We are thinking about a particular condition or situation in the future, and the result of this condition.

There is a real possibility that this condition will happen. For example, it is morning. You are at home. You plan to play baseball this afternoon. But there are some clouds in the sky. Imagine that it rains. What will you do? FORMULA: IF+ Condition+ Result TENSE: IF+Present simple +WILL + base verb EXAMPLE: If it rains I will stay at home. Notice that we are thinking about a future condition. It is not raining yet. But the sky is cloudy and you think that it could rain. We use the present simple tense to talk about the possible future condition. We use WILL + base verb to talk about the possible future result. The important thing about the first conditional is that there is a real possibility that the condition will happen.
Designer: Lic. Yovaida A. Dovale V.

Page 2

EXAMPLES USING IF + CONDITION + RESULT

EXAMPLES USING RESULT + IF + CONDITION

a) If I see Mary I will tell her. b) If Tara is free tomorrow he will invite her. c) If they do not pass their exam their teacher will be sad. d) If it rains tomorrow will you stay at home?

a) I will tell Mary if I see her. b) He will invite Tara if she is free tomorrow. c) Their teacher will be sad if they do not pass their exam. d) Will you stay at home if it rains tomorrow?

Activities
1.-Complete the sentence using the right option: 1.1.) My doctor says if I exercise every day, ________healthier. a) Im b) Ill be 1.2.) If ____________________ Brad Pit, Im sure Ill be happy for the rest of my life. a) Ill marry b)I marry 1.3) If we get to the cinema early, ________________to get good seats. a) were able b) well be able 2.- Scrambled sentence a) late shell lot tonight. to at if do, has work Brbara the a office ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ b) attic energetic, hell his If this clean Tom weekend. feels ________________________________________________________________________________ c) clinic see I If Ill cold Dr. Lpez. still a go tomorrow, have the to to ________________________________________________________________________________ 3.- Create a short pair-conversation where you can include the first conditional

Designer: Lic. Yovaida A. Dovale V.

Page 3

THE SECOND CONDITIONAL: UNREAL POSSIBILITY OR DREAM!!!

When we use the second conditional, we are still thinking about a particular condition in the future, and the result of this condition. But there is not a real possibility that this condition will happen.

For example, you do not have a lottery ticket. Is it possible to win? No! No lottery ticket, no win! But maybe you will buy a lottery ticket in the future. So you can think about winning in the future, like a dream. It's not very real, but it's still possible.

FORMULA:IF +Condition +Result TENSE: Past simple +Would + base verb EXAMPLE: If I won the lottery, I would buy a car. Notice that we are thinking about a future condition. We use the past simple tense to talk about the future condition. We use WOULD + base verb to talk about the future result. The important thing about the second conditional is that there is an unreal possibility that the condition will happen.

EXAMPLES USING IF + CONDITION + RESULT

EXAMPLES USING RESULT + IF + CONDITION

a) If I married Mary, I would be happy. b) If Ram became rich, she would marry him.

a) I would be happy if I married Mary. b) She would marry Ram if he became rich. c) Would you be surprised if it snowed next July?

c) If it snowed next July, would you be


surprised?

Designer: Lic. Yovaida A. Dovale V.

Page 4

Activities
Create sentences with conditionals using the following clues: Example: Why doesnt Brian get good grades? Clue: he doesnt study enough If Brian studied enough, he would get good grades. a) Why isnt Sally a good driver? Clue: she isnt careful enough If_____________________________________________________________ b) Why dont I feel energetic? Clue: you dont sleep enough If _____________________________________________________________ c) Why doesnt Amy have friends at school? Clue: she isnt outgoing enough If _____________________________________________________________ d) Why dont you and Jane get along with each other? Clue: we dont have enough in common If _____________________________________________________________ 2.- Talk with other students about these emergencies:
What would you do What would you do if you saw a bad accident? if somebody came up to you on the street and tried to rob you?

What would you do if you saw someone having a heart attack?

What would you do if somebody in your family were missing?

Designer: Lic. Yovaida A. Dovale V.

Page 5