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Psychology Lesson 15 Handout 35 (page 1

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Programmed Learning Activity
Cover the column of answers on the right side of the page with a blank sheet of paper. Read the information and fill in each blank. Then uncover the answer in the right column to check immediately if you answered correctly before you go on to the next piece of information.

Drug Categories
1. There are five main categories of commonly abused drugs. according to many classification drugs that depress. systems. The first. called depressants. or slow down. the central nervous are system. depressants 2. Other drugs are called stimulants because they have the opposite effect on the brain. They stimulate. or speed up. the central nervous system. These drugs that speed up the central nervous system are called _ 3. To review: The drugs that slow down the central nervous system are called ________________ . and the drugs that speed up the central nervous system are called _ 4. Drugs that cause hallucinattons drugs that cause hallucinations form the third category of commonly are called _ hallucinogens depressants. . and stimulants. hallucinogens 6. The earliest known abused drugs were derived from opium. These drugs became known as narcotics. Some people think all drugs are called narcotics. This may be because narcotics agencies were originally formed to combat the problems with opium and other drugs derived from opium. These agencies then began to include drugs from other categories as they were discovered or invented. But originally. and for classification purposes. only the drugs that are derived from opium are included in the category of _ narcotics depressants stimulants stimulants

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These drugs that slow down the central nervous system are called

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abused drugs in our society. They are called hallucinogens. These

5. The three categories that have been described so far are _______________________

© COPYRIGHT. The Center for Learning. Used with permission.

Not for resale.

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To review: Drugs that slow down the central nervous system are called depressants Drugs that speed up the central nervous system are called stimulants Drugs that cause hallucinations are called _ _ hallucinogens narcotics Drugs that are derived from opium are called 8. b.Psychology Lesson 15 Handout 35 (page 2) Name Date. To review: List the five main categories of drugs. depressants stimulants hallucinogens narcotics inhalants 95 . Not for resale. These drugs which are sniffed into the lungs instead of being swallowed. To review: Drugs that slow down the central nervous system are called depressants Drugs that speed up the central nervous system are called stimulants Drugs that cause halluctnattons -. d. injected. Used with pennission. _ __ __ ___ __ © COPYRIGHT. or absorbed into blood vessels through the nose. into the lungs are called a. The Center for Learning. e. __ _ 7. c. _ inhalants are called _ _ _ hallucinogens narcotics inhalants Drugs that are derived from opium are called Drugs that are breathed 10. are called 9. The final group of drugs are labeled inhalants because they are inhaled or breathed into the lungs.

the muscles can react by trembling. _ _ Drug Effects 11. People who trembled like this because of the abuse of depressant drugs were said to have muscle tremors 13. therefore. the drug. Due to the inactivity of the muscles for extended periods of time. 96 . resulting from the slowing down of the body functions. Not for resale.Psychology Lesson 15 Handout 35 (page 3) Name Date. Depressants can have the effect of causing due to sudden _ is the appearance of muscle death withdrawal 12. so these drugs are called © COPYRIGHT. called from opium and are called _ These drugs are hallucinogens narcotics inhalants A . Death may occur when people who have become seriously harmful addicted suddenly effect. Some drugs are made depressants stimulants drugs. The Center for Learning. A potential the person's is the risk of death due to sudden so the person dies when suddenly that their bodies have become dependent depressants withdrawal from the drug. Another harmful effect of depressants tremors or shaking. Addiction has caused body to require unable to get it. not knowing on the drug. two of which _ _ withdrawal tremors death due to sudden wtthdrnwal muscle tremors final group of drugs is inhaled into the body. The drugs that slow down the central nervous system. and those which speed up the central nervous system are called A third category of drugs causes hallucinations. called __________ . To review: Depressant drugs can cause death due to sudden and muscle _ 14. stop all use of the drug. Used with permission. To review: There are many harmful effects of depressant are and 15. have many harmful effects on people who abuse them. To review: Drugs that slow down the central nervous system are called _____________ .

To review: Using stimulants ________ and may cause can speed up a person's heart. _ _ _ _ © COPYRIGHT. also have serious side effects. To review the harmful effects of depressants Depressants can cause Stimulants can cause _ and heart attacks convulsions 21. To review: ..Psychology Lesson 15 Handout 35 (page 4) Name Date. causing _ heart attacks convulsions death due to sudden withdrawal muscle tremors . " . stimulants can also cause a person convulsions attacks to have convulsions. and "". It also speeds up the entire body functioning. To review: Two main harmful effects of depressants and _ 17. The Center for Learning. List the five main categories of drugs . called stimulants . • . 20. _ and stimulants. d. Used with permisslon.. 97 . Not for resale. The drugs _________ that speed up the central are _ death due to sudden withdrawal muscle tremors nervous system. a. or _ 19. _ _ 16. Using a drug that speeds up the central nervous system can cause seizures. _ depressants stimulants hallucinogens narcotics inhalants • b.. Besides causing heart attacks. One harmful effect is the risk of having heart attacks due to the increased rate of the heart.. c. Someone who abuses a stimulant drug such as cocaine risks having heart _ 18. e..

Psychology Lesson 15 Handout 35 (page 5) Name Date. Used with pennisslon. developing 26. When people experience a hallucination experiences much later. called and becoming mentally ill. are experiencing _ _ flashbacks psychological disorders death due to sudden withdrawal muscle tremors even when not using the drug. Not for resale. To review the harmful effects of the first two drug types: Depressants can cause and death due to sudden withdrawal muscle tremors ~ Stimulants can cause _ and heart attacks convulsions 23. The third category of drugs causes hallucinations. 98 . even when not using the drug. Due to the action of the drug lose touch psychological disorders they have developed in the brain cells. called These drugs are hallucinogens which means . The Center for Learning. some people who use hallucinogens with reality and become mentally ill because 25. Two harmful hallucinations effects of hallucinogens. therefore. This could happen in a very embarrassing or dangerous situation. To review: Two harmful and Two harmful and Two harmful and effects of depressants _ effects of stimulants _ are _ are _ heart attacks convulsions effects of hallucinogens _ are _ flashbacks psychological disorders © COPYRIGHT. these _ is the possibility of flashbacks are called 24. _ _ L 22. that is. One harmful effect of using a hallucinogen days or months after using the such as LSD is the experience of having flashbacks. Another harmful effect of using hallucinogens developing psychological disorders. that people can have a hallucination drug even if they haven't used the drug again.

content of the drug in it. _ death by overdose - -. e. in order to make a higher profit. those derived from opium. a harmful effect is the risk of exposure to including AIDS.. 99 . resulting from using unstertltzed to _ exposure to infectious diseases of addiction are People who are under the effect of a drug or hurrying get the drug into their system due to the pressures not often careful about sterilizing the needle and risk 30. List the five main categories ___ __ of drugs.E ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Psychology Lesson 15 Handout 35 (page 6) Name Date __ _ 27. depressants stimulants hallucinogens narcotics inhalants death due to sudden withdrawal muscle tremors are _ heart attacks convulsions are _ flashbacks psychological disorders such as heroin. Not for resale. People who inject a more potent batch of narcotic into the bloodstream may experience this second harmful effect. 28. are usually narcotics b. The Center for Learning. This may result in death by overdose. .. .. Used with permission. injected into the blood. Some people who are used to a very small amount of narcotic being in the mixture may not realize it when a particular batch has a higher -. Because narcotics. needles. To review: Two harmful and Two harmful and Two harmful and ___ ___ ___ effects of depressants __ effects of stimulants _ are _ effects of hallucinogens _ 29.. iii © COPYRIGHT. are called _______ infectious diseases.. c. A second harmful effect results from drug dealers m1x1ng other chemicals with the narcotics they sell. To review: a. . d. The fourth category of drugs.

33. e. Whenever a person is breathing into a plastic bag and not thinking clearly. 35. c. the harmful effect of accidental _ can result.Psychology Lesson 15 Handout 35 (page 7) Name Date _ _ 31. d. Because they are often inhaled using a plastic bag. This happens particularly after using the drug since the person is not thinking clearly due to the use of the drug. The Center for Learning. b. Another harmful effect of the use of inhalants is impaired brain suffocation functioning. _ exposure to infectious diseases death by overdose a. To review: Two harmful effects of using narcotics are and _ 32. The use of inhalants decreases the ability of the brain to function properly. there is a danger of accidental suffocation. To review again: _ _ __ _ __ depressants stimulants hallucinogens narcotics inhalants are _ death due to sudden withdrawal are _ muscle tremors heart attacks Two harmful effects of depressants and _ Two harmful effects of stimulants and _ Two harmful effects of hallucinogens and _ Two harmful effects of narcotics are and _ 34. The drugs that are breathed are __ convulsions flashbacks _ psychological disorders exposure to infectious diseases into the lungs. Inhalants can damage brain cells so that they do not function Imperfectly in the processing of information. impaired brain functioning 100 . so this is called _ © COPYRIGHT. Not for resale. To review: List the five main categories of drugs. called _ death by overdose inhalants are the last main category. Used with permission.

Psychology Lesson 15 Handout 35 (page 8) Name Date __ _ 36. exposure to infectious diseases death by overdose List two harmful effects of inhalants. a. Used with permission. e. __ __ List two harmful effects of stimulants. b. a. Not for resale. 101 . _ _ __ _ __ death due to sudden withdrawal muscle tremors depressants stimulants hallucinogens narcotics inhalants List two harmful effects of depressants. b. c. effects of using inhalants _ are _ accidental suffocation impaired brain functioning a. The Center for Learning. __ _ __ _ __ _ flashbacks psychological disorders List two harmful effects of narcotics. a. heart attacks convulsions a. To review: List the five main categories of drugs. d. To review: The two harmful and 37. accidental suffocation impaired brain functioning © COPYRIGHT. b. a. b. b. List two harmful __ _ effects of hallucinogens. b.