JAP Pil

F of Midway,
ROM TaR A'rrACk on

T MAERIAl
as bat prnllciency, a markedly Inferior brand 0f pilots appeared in the South and Southwest Pacific areas. They made glarillg Iactieal mistakes, unneoessarily exposed I homseivcs to gt In nTC, got separated aud lost rnub till Btl pport, and at tilnf'S seemed completely bewildered. there were exceptions, So far. all actions involving earner pilots have borne out indicntiQ)1S from other sources that they are the cream of Japanese naval -air force. Before joinirlg their carriers, they q.ppare IItly are given a 1001g perlod of advanced b'ailli11g and operaticnal flights at naval air bases iu the Empire, and they pile up a large total of -flying hOUTS before seeing action ina eombat zone. One cannot assume thut these pilots ,"IiI1us met only in the vicinity cfcarriers, for a group m,'Iy at unv lillw he shore-based for strategic- reflSOI1S.

Pearl Harbor tI 11'011l-I' the battle g
naval pilots Wfwe described

japanese

Rhno$1;uniformly good, Japan held rhe il'l.tliativ(! aud her
air force personnel, trained to think III terms of attuck. made the most of their opportunities, They were seasoned and expedenced prOd!tlCtS of it thorough training program e~endi ng ovar several years. They were a distinct credit to the _lavy's Ioug preparation for the Pac_ffic war, Aggreli_liive and resourceful, they knew capabilities and advantagesof their own aircraft, and they S_cw them with skill and daring, They were quiek to change their methods to meat new situalions and to counter successfully the changes, modi-fications, and new designs of Allied aircraJt. Aftel" ?>.lid\VilY.n the summer and Iall of 1942, there i was a noticeabledetcric'H'ation in qtla.lify of [apanes navru pUots. 111 their over-all competence nud tbeir com-

O which

.l" COURSE_.

this represents

O~JJy

the generaltren(:~. to

HUSBA,NDING AIR STRENGTH GNAWS AT STAMINA OF JAP PlLOI TRAINING
ill the the» were Army men, prolJullly Empire. apparently naval pilots, On the j'wHl'f'il

illg Sl'n;)lfgth through L1w summer u£ 1943,) Luter m 1942, same of the hetter jrilets, drawn probt~bly from this group lind lrom ~e (lt11'ly veterans, may have been withdrawn £01 "W~'i!ll trllillillg in the I~ew types of planes, both Army and \i,IV}". that huve ill recent months appeared in forwnrd .lr~[lS. '\nival oJ these aircraft c(lincjued to some exten:

with reports

imUc8ting

improvement

in Hying personnel.

£1.

11110lI'T

THE

'l'UlSl.'

01 last

)fellI',

Stltllhwesl
jlifOriOlI'

dic..!teci

pil{·ilb Ctll1lual reports inthe naval PC1'SOllTml. 1'11(' elrawu Irom Chinn, Manchuria, unci the bvkl;lcl ~h('l cmuh,u eJ\[lurieoce of \lll' (jllllHty of Ilu." ]tj_l_lC'r.lrr~'ln J:1IlIlUry until
to

J !lfml!o~e Army pilots ap-

ubuut Mn~r. reports wen'! mixed, One flight of JapmeMt phmes miglr: ~how a ('tJli:;iuI"J'~ibl~ di[f(!renlo:u in .nuility mnl1ng rhe inill\'iul1ill l'iloi;s involved.

J:lpaneSf' 'lir personnel. There (_'uritirul(' II) he pllUHHg r eaIuros j 11 t he ,o;ilnutIoll\ IHlI- lila 1'0U{)wing g{'n"'1'ul eKllllulaljun
M

There is <,vidence thnt a sub-Ilight 1eader l~ picked on the lla~)~ of cqml,Hltexllcrience regnl'dless of tfli'l.k. UtuJuubt~ cUi}" I'dRlive ntH iees \\'1Cl'P ludug wtx.,d m wilh oldeJ' hauds on many com hat r:mi~'Si\ll1s. OetMsimwlly, utlilck'5 were p'[rm'd home. nud the JIiI.'lU 51ulwcti ~rcut skill, but the 0"1'1'-,111 pit!h'te n] componlti"dy poor qlJllliry remained 11111(:·11 the same. :Muny hypntlieses, L_tISIl'd un autllnL [ufl'Jrm;JlioLl. have bef'l'l set forti! to explain lhis Iliwrstty of qunlily exhibited by

To explain- thf" cases llOtetl .f)f greRt div6tsfly In qu.1.Uty !:l.!ml II un I'he ~Ul11e dllY by different Ilig'bts 01' even with-in !he sumo Jlight, al least fwo points set forth abnve slmnla be reeal led, A J1j ~ h t or si I b-Il igllt 1en d. er mOl.)' on r)CCilSioll be the only prlut in bL~·g.mi"p with nny extensive combat exIwrie!l('e. G:i.rri~r ,ijjots may appeur at the same time nslf,5s highly trained, l:1ncl-blt~ed personnel, The !"tflJ chpscd time from tIle beginning o.I the avef'-flge ")i!~fJl tnlining' ITIIMI Jli.s np!)eaH-lIlCC,In a cmubat zone is .elievecl 1,·0 have been shortcned consIderably. It is believed that the: shortage of trained nirrraft crews l~ one flf J.!lli~n·s g_l·:l\'f'sl !1andIctl:pll. This is nnt to say she ha;; 110 brood pilotli Of that Allied flier1i as indiviclmtls have rpfl~on fl)r Iwer-c'cmRdenC'e ... they 11m H\:f'-ly ttl meet jl1st :!-' 1,il1dt'illt J, !P~ nese ri1,'tl> ns Lh('y ever on V(' COl '''OLIll tered Uy-

!

ina fNltor rmrl more I'I11H!'ed:1il'f'I'~

rt wIth

>

ifl!'reil~0d ArcpnWf:lL

'TlIl:.a in
lreen

_~II()H'ut I,IJ gll(.d ....

relntive

Imsbal'ldfng

is believed Lo bo reasonably necumre. D1I1'in!'! the period 11[1 tl) ).liclway. the J,II'lIlll\'~e went "{II! nnt to .lc(,lm,pH~h as 1111111 v f) b joc ti """50 as P(\~S ill 1!!-, ·Will. respe("t to !J()th planes {[ud trained persflIllleL [hey i1ttd no trtLL"-!lIuir rpgllrtl for (lc'nll11my IIf rrlF~e, Jleserves of both were tRAiler!. and producrton and procurement also were limiteu, 10 UIC early sumnrer or 1043 Juran re,;u;ih~!1 I-I!{' limit nl here)(:Il_IIJl~i!)l1: hy ~h!ll timE'. if nOW,Wf'IiM apparent, her supply of excellent 'fhsL-linc pilots was lm'~rely e;l;lmnSt~d. Those ",LuI had ~1U'ViVt'J wer(t reLu,r:ucd 1<) thl' Eml?ir't: fm rest; in rnanv cases ~hc\l became lw;b'Ht'tor!;" in vuriaus naval air s~hol'lls,·Tbey lI'el'~ replaced h¥ sel:.'{mt!-rIlLe p81·S'ilrinel. At the same tlme, follow-i-np;l'.lidwav. 'a further drain on frrmt-line pilots [!!Suited fU'ln Jflptlll'S· rElalizhlg the Wdl16 ill nJght Vpf'l':J t ions. Cnl1;~idf'rr!ble t+ne was !1et-ded for LtUiuh'll!lJJ(£h~-flvinll pilols IThes~ have
hC'CJl

II rlut;lhl(~

reul-nre

in

crews. Jl is believed, hltt, tc.~ult~~~[ I,f ail' strength, TbL, :tlr&ldy has lht· Sl1l1lherTl Pill'ific l'ornl >Ht loi111!e~

in recent months in reg:m] to bomh:el' snrli('!,<;. To WhH1 (,'lxr'ent rlmt oompurntlve inactivtty has been a result of ret· "inn "",I slJOrla,ge is not- knowrr. hill a cOITelnljnn lwtwlc)ell Ihl~H is h:dicve!l 1:11 exisl.

One Rnol aspect of this subject should he noted. There to s11f11!nrt early war prnp.~ganaa thnl J.!pam""~(>alrmen are. suiciu(u rnnnt-ics·, Snme il'l,~t:anees have 1"'011 rep"rtt>d of pilots attpmpting to crash their planes
i;~ lilI1e evidence lnlo A Hi~«l ~hipil,aircl'ofi nrnl Jlfnrl tnrgets,
bill

lhe,~ have

fll'l'f'urinft

in lru-reus-

been compnratively few. Lt. Cl'l1. George C. Kenney, Allied uir commender iII ll1f' 5f'1utnwI'St PnC'iR!', elf'clare-rl recently: "The JapaTll?se pilots we are meeting now fire deIlnitc-ly second rate and they ["l"ohI1hl), \,.-J1l ~tny thut way, I am satisfied rh:lt Ilre [npanese el" not giVf' [h~rT Pf'fsn!lrmi nearlv as much trainiTig as WI' dn our boys ... Thls IIHly 'Wr.:mllit r;w tilt' dpfid{l(1l'v

WHY QUALITY OF JA~ :PILOIS IS WEA,K[~ED

1 2
3.

LESS RrGID '~ElECnON

.••·•,••~ . ••.·.u......~••••"•. ~
._ ~ ,~•••

r=7I

SP,EED UP OF TRAINING INADEQUATE NAVIGATIONr

GUNNERY,.

·0 CQMMUNICATI N

,

-m·· ·
.
~

a

4

LOWEIUNG STANDARDS Fl.!GHT TES:rS ~

OF "

•~ , .•••••• ~_. .••• •
n

CUTTING D0WN 5' OPERA TIONAL P:{tAtDtlCE .......,.,.

'

~

o1lld 11: i~ cases suah 3;5. this which hove made it necessary to delinilely limi [ the ..mount (If ,,"tra tIme ihal .1 bort.d can
givO( to There d,ology student, 10 be :lqucscion of }>8)" l,uv,olved In lhe jO;IU acc.iofl 0.1 a b-cr.lrU all: ''''JIlpJ1red t., that of " ~ingle in-lLl1Y 0011

he-'I.ned board keep~ gi~'1ng n stlJd!!JlL I!-'\\tr'l tim.e when his record definitely doesn'twnrr.nn.1 il.• TI\ls is t1w :l;IlvnPSt o[kiiu.dness.

JUSt

seems

Drv Tank Plague
A t the mid of H, 1\vtJ.fS 01 touch,wei-go lan(':iJ.tg..~ in u 1'81,1-1, the engine ,pUl and .1 seelous for ed lamliIlg I'snlleU. 'l'he hrel seleoter valve 'was f01md Oll center \lJlflh which l'~)JtllliuiJd only one gallon of gas, BOlh wing trulh were lull.
Pc/tibl1l1+! 1<1:'= TorpedQ plall<' pdQ'1S hove no moaepcly DD tbi!; il'Ql't of carclesmcMi. And m..rk y~u wen. 'lj'berfilv,er found, il ~u..ngl~' indieares a single,tr'ad: mind \~hkb i)!l a d"u~c.rvus !ailj~ il'l any ",vintor.

$0"

dividual. It is only rmtural that ell,h peron II bo;>atd (ccl~ less fl'$pl>n&ibllity (O( Ibe t ell!,!lt (If Ihe b n:lrd's acticn than if be

had 10 make [he !ina'! d".:ision alo.ne. It IhofefOJ'~[~ s{l"inllll llle I1Okienoo al give n !'1adent ilno'lhe~ ehnnce, A Word to tt.e in!;:(ructo.s: No SLud.:.IlI will rvcr .!p'pe"r before !! tlight b,:mfd unless }'till itt1p~l't!'dl,.di'$Clmrge yolJ.!' dut;~ 3·.J d cal! your sb,., ts 3 s- yo" see- th em,

is.

bounced tht; wheels on (he ground Hod mushed over a 15' mjgutioIi' ditch into the Ileld, "Unfurtunately, as the plane rolled tl) a s'tl}l1, the son ground caused it to nose lip, bendlng the pWll!!ller. and as it reI! b(!ck to '1 three-point attltude, tho tan whf"el ;I..~si>mbly Was. darmLgeu."

air speed was umpping o(f wbeu vhe :tlLiLude Wits muinfaiu(lr.L The pilot let his Iandiag sear down, used full filip, and prepared for an O'(l1tlfgenCy landing in u farmer's Ge.ld. Ilealiziflg (hat he was [.dling short' of the Bald, the. lieutenant dl'OPPOIJ the nese of his pl all e,

Hope none Qf )'ou instructo!".'! and boud members have bad drt01lTU, Twenty )l1l<lrs
ag,a J $J"~lched Nel'<!r OJ)' cnnllC1enCe II.od §lye ~ IiIUd!Ull

Pilo,t Error Plus
Morine Base Defense AiJ'CfaltGmllJl 42 submits the follOWing report covering flying activities lor one month: "Ii T.BF-l taxied 0\11:; and iill wing l,\)Hide'd With {motllrn- beootl.'ie- the pilot had Ialled 10 notice the plane ahead had stopped. . . , Another piloL in all

~

Gramp{ftl'

"he.::k hop,

AUentio.n Insf,fuetors
the fligh!.. lustol'Y 01 /l cerlrun l·t.ldet: (n) He:reQciV{)li lin "NG" checks uud wasjwlce granted squadron board Hme In prirnmy tralning, (b) In Ille tnlermedrate cr'ilinlng he ag:;:u'll received six dowll nheck!l: !Iud lWice mure was ,givoll6xtra Lime hy !11;lt squadron boord. (c) Hi]) record is studded with pages ef remarks such as "very slow t'IJ react," "hcIlJwuJ"k wellk,'" "poor ccordinaticn," '~lJol safe for soia;' "'00 aptitude," and
is
o.!. Vj,It:IOU

1lere

sona] since. crossed, tJpQoctJming W the .SUI'eau, J :1::01 a ehnnee to It10k oJ;! dIU offi c t'r'~accid=1 record :Hld (ound that n'ly worries were (ul[y ju,,1ifjccl. Nc. hM bqd {"r. "'ore \h"l1 hi~ ~f"'r" ,,£ crashes afl,J IllOJjl of !.he-ill .... e r listed ,>:9 "pilot error;" FOrt)l(HI'l.tlr tor bOlb ofus, none 'Qf t.hero rll-'"I!l;ld QUI ve ... y

An

abet ;In un".nli:fJ (jJry ag.lih! }'y;; fell! ~ perrI!5pon~lb.1iry -:£or his ,pfet)' e\1{ff these f~r~ I've .kept my fingers

an "OK"

SNJ was [Mung
• Jrr. ""of

out for a reached take-ell

take-oEE, He
fOI"

to mik the tower Ior
Instruetnms,

the rnike

~l;..!,-' furgeltillg

Thia ·o;fli<;.er shQuld he an admiral SqQI1 and I .... be ,g:ll!d whlll! be re~o;h~" ~lircn"'lrl "ge, "",·1 nln beeolhe e",1'YlIgain..
L10W

~riou~

m

to wutcb where he was trud· iIlg. The plane swerved to the tight
hitting :.1 pfli'ke.[

He Didn,'t Turn Backl
A CiU'eL'uJ bit lit piloting, perfollned Mnrlue lleutcuua; when the propeller on his F4F -4 went out, is rehya ported ,I.S l'ollo·wl>: "The take ..uH was normal piltl! had au indicnlinu thal
\V.iS

truck .. _ . A Tfi:i\<}-J.
NU:llhlld because, ,\1:."" cnrdlug ((1 the report, It was 'lnndmg tno [;!S.l, lbe inli:::l'V<l1was n'll close. aliI! llu: !)nLku.~ I..I-'f'I'C used cseossively.' ... A C;ur,v(Jir lIew too low over the oceau. His prop dipped into It wave. The

sjmilur eommeats.

he 1o'iIl-up al 1.,300 futlL aml

Id) One day In operu tion (I I baining urade 1I tight_ tum during iI cli ...isien
went into a

spin. The plane carne (Ilit of the spin very rapillly. but ~.hen pulled up anc]
fell off into
{I

second

Spill.

Again

u

quick recovery was made, but (or the .~~C{llld lime tIle plune was pulled up

wmllg uliLil he lUlU reached an 01 200 Ieet. The ta.nding gem Wll:' almost r(lITnctc.d and the pilUl was pl'epMiug tn join up willI utlter plaues III hh dhdslou when tJ1C propeller went iu to r ~lllbigll pitch. .
~I.tilllcl(,j

aud uhe Wlylh.irlg

engine froze,
sea. ... Three

The plane was losJ
FNI,l"s

.(11

groundlooped

"In spJ-tc

01

maximum

rh!'o!tla.

the

rudieally
from

The plnne crashed
high speed.
. Grampafl' ~ ~~ Whol

and full off into whiM no recovery
ill~tl

[) third s'pin wm. made. the wnter lit

HOW'S YOUR WIND?

Pellibtme ~ay~:
do
}'QU

dunk

was

I:he

mi<1f!rl,.;"g cau~ of rhi~ progre~,t(' :<tall iJ.!I.d -lipiD? '1'0 mao if is a perren. CJ<ampfi>
of whact might

be

qp'lC1ei.l

whllI!

a 51;'1.[f,-

all hecillJst: of 'pilot error: ":More serious, however, was the crush in which q Vlildt;i# pilot lost his life. He radioed the tower and salt! JJe was 'l'UDling in .O'l'JID emergency hinding, and then added, 'there's no hurry.' l-Ie was cleared ioto Ill(l !Tallie pattern (It 1.000 fool. Ile made a ci rcl e n r (b e field nh nve til e Plltt ID'n ll1l (~ lhen <lIlJJle in to land. He c:raxberl fl mile from the fleld on bill dOWJlwil'ld leg . "AnollHlr p,Hot, iii, ail SNJ.4,., 10,M his Wo whli:l1'. iII tJailing out at night, his pUnl chute shroLld lines bcc;une tllngle<i fo~ S'0J,1lC' unexplruned mUS\~Il, :IVlmt hill legli. FnilllJ1!~ to faffli!ilJri~e Mll1seli witTl

4

the ountry around the !l ld, ItLough he bad been here f r several months, was largely responsible fllr L11 fncl that be became lost 011 "I} night flight. ;1nd \\itlj the g'.IS running' Illw had l'u hail uut, He hacame confused 'when he It eked the autos on the coastal rugh\\,IY m<1king .t 90-rlegree turn to the right. The ~)n-rJegrl'e turn Is only 20 miles away frCIJll the fldll and hn Jill' h~tlll r am ilinr II eonld ha \ I' ea~ih' (,,11(,Wj'cl the cna!tt.'11 w[ld tn the stnrlon."

1 Sl his hold, ,.dmiUillg def('ut by turning tail nnd .scurnpering over a f(!DCC to
nfety,

III t'\'N \\'iclenillg circles. Speed lUlU d to bnild lip and I he cadet

and grabbed ~1 wing. but b) llrfs time peed had iUl!I'e(b-eu that he was unable to do more than jns! hang on, causlng the plane to commence a series

emu-

were Cl')nsirlered equally responsible ("c4lr-elessne s") lor not making careful pre-flight cheeks of these fittings ur Insure that tbey were properly secllred.

n,g

drives to make all hands l.'QOS,ciOU5 of the importance of, and ilie necessity fOT, careful pre-Ilight eheeks.
~
'!,;~

The stations concerned are conduct-

The other two stud nts ,uso joined
the chase. fI/'~O leaving rllez'r IJlan s wlrl,

Grllmp(lu'

PWiboll

sa)!!:

Torpedo (hasing
rnnrJ...iJjg the posltrol1~ of an expended pT r-ti e torpedo. the pilf)t elf n PV-1

While

conl,'e11t:raliI'l~

his attention nn

~hllleJ Ius airplane 11m 1 and crashed.

111 ..1

steeply banked

The report rm til ' -I.nvesligf\l..ion of this accident rccnrnrnended til,,! elli... type 1I111.Jlllne not he IlI,PrJ in torpedo recovery
or in

cllgJ'w,~ (rm1l/ug. lUIiINf'fI(led. T1H~ COil" lC$1 provecl ton much for these lust two entrants and the WIIT fl):(; d to return If) their uWII planes ,IUd taxi them out of dnngel, Hy thts time the rell~l;\ule N2 \ViIS pretty mud. rugging ;t Wll1g iuto the ground now and then jusl LO show its temper. At last the little "fighter" apparently became we/tty uf the sport lind decided ttl spread Its wiugs. Speed was 1>l1ffieieI1I, so that when ()[nin~ illin III wind the 1M! time the plane straightened 0111, took lilT, ellmbed normally unbl I eaching lilt! a1titud or HIJOlll 50 (nt'{ III \\ hk-h time It .apparently decided 10 make a ste p turn uno zoorn ILe fl,'lll downward, Bill like so mOil)' fooJis.llly piloted planes h fnrCIt. this trainer ~Inned ill lilt' turn unel ell ed 10 eertl.,

And jusl to show they don't try"t "nybody, <Ill!.! 1Il.~liolJ li<lS ordered all covers r"""'vcd r r III ."litO'llIt duriog IOC.1[ High • Thar i. sound 3"j,,',on p..actice, howrvc>r, on duo principle thai any hazard rem ved tJtiur 10 Itighl cannot t"1I~IS.e' accident, ;'in

Finall Warning
A list of names, recently pesred 1111 the bulletin board of a squadron at Harlingen (Tex.) rmy Air Piehl, was

"The following enlisted men will pick till their Good Con(luc:t Nletla1s aL Ihe supply rnom this afternoon. Failure to oornply wilh this order will result in df~C'ipiilll)t'y actionl" Afr FQrclJ'.1

aecompurued U. the e terse mstructlons-

r

for Comfort and Safety
'-lEAH CR.UU'.AW
PE'I'TIBOI'IE:

operutious

require
,lltitmll"

steeply

irnilar opcmtions bunked turns II
irpJaMl'S widl

that

low

(;OM11'{I;NT -

hi~h will!!

nor as >~,il,.ble £\.lr IQrpedo rpl:'Ovecry work as (llh"" eypes, H it is I1.S SCJlti~1that ~'ll'h pl.Ll'lt b", used for this work the pilot should be impressed 11'11], th ' daJtg,u involved, ",' hal' torpede cll:lsing i not considered dA!J~erous, there j~ a lemtt'hc in thl$ tJlpl' ('Ot !lying Ior a pill'll to become so .mgro$$t>d in w.nc1>I"1; the IUrpt'd. t""t bo; neglects Lu gh'e sufficienc artentirm ( die control of his airplene, Most of lh~ accidents cccur 1I1I th e rl~lIh uf Ill!;:'; uf jJirspeed ill n rum. It must be r=mbered 11,,11in II turn
<IN'

load.ngs

~,1 W.ISI1't th." IUml)'! I i;llIIJc..J 10<.>, nUl the thine 1),,,1 wip"d Ill" "l1Iil" oil my C01.CI' "'as tlw rea lizntinn thnt an.airphll1l' was c~)mpll'ld)' wiped Oil! hll";!u.,,, il pilot dl'lib~rafel,. di.olw>",d ort! r~. The tooncr NIl! Qr !hlS pl.,.." wns "f'prCll";ml1(ely 10,(10(1, bur n101,.." ",o,,'t replace the I.,s.< tlf tTl tical mm~ri.·[ nncl r ahor icITI'!.' I lied. Are Your Fittinqs Fostened?
Two primary trainer oraslies lmve oc-nrred r enlly 11$ ,I result 'If hllgga:ge rxunpru lrn I1t d( 01'S coming open d urirnr acrohutics. Mntor anel (>II 'kpit ('OVCI'5 splllcd out and llldgl'u in the tail. seclion bJ.mkinq nul controls. Insp cuon after these rnshes ,,1111\\ 'd III hllggagl", crunpartmeut rotru'Y sLue! fnstent'l'S tn be in p'1.[ct<l worhin.~ ol'(ll"t FlIn ItUtl rlllJ1C t'llpt.:'Iltl

~

GW"'J'tLlI

('t'//UUJI(I' ~a s:

In

the

pllots to wear s!.uulder harnesses. In lid, dlseusslnn )'Im attribute thl' pilnts' nt'gJed to !l111Pldity. false {!rioe, and

•.,r

~"!II

have

OJ'' .eruh=r I i~su IlF \i.U':e:w~ II di.'WIl!t'inll reglttding Ih n~leot

fllhllistio ide.'Is.

11. s11lnTuer hnrness In th F4U lind F6F h""", J1hvllvs bWI) mo~t uncomfortnble to me, r have fQUl1d mvsell in IIIC linnl ;1111,rMch 10 Itt nrliflll: fJj:!ht[njl' i:rl111ti0ll11)' (li kf1t1P tho .slmnkler strops hom slip]}ing {lIT my !(htluldf't. like s()m weman baving trnuhll" with a "Mini" 3o;,nl'trril'n t ()f ill firml!!; straps, harnesses, eJc. In this sqnadnm our parachute mao has ,1I,la{,l,..d a: trap whi('11 crosses U,.. ha ,j; the shoulders and prevents th ... harness Intm ~liflPhlg u1i the shoulders, This ar-

or

., plan~

..ifI ,hel'e.fore stall

hal' an in I'e'lsed seceleearion :IfIU spin nt higher

• rhun

.0"

normnl ~p~l.'d, PJan.~s mu~, Iht'rdore, t.c HOII'll 3t increa~4:d wp~"d In Ii [tlrn. to comP'tlJliltl,'. The high r dIe wing lo"ding, Ih morl! assent;:!l i"ctl'::L!i{ld .~p"l'd bl'Cmncs.

Solo flight
.\ ~,clef j1i1ut IUfltled .11 1m null 'ing r.\'1d. retartleJ throttle. set parking bmi.;{"s CHId Itth his N2S-4 tUI.1!1:ended. wHl the engiHc running, \\ bile he w'alke<.l over to chat with two other pilots. The !itt! > "yellnw fighter" teok in I,he situtltinn and cOJ1!iioered lllC time IIppol'lullt! to muke :1. d:\lJh f(lr frc~dom. It lhfllltle hct10n to cl'eep fUf\\lud. III bl',lk('~ h"'l'<un(' disengaged tlml the 1)11111 • hl.!'gan til 11Hwe, The ct!.(l~t. oh·
~1;;Ir\

.111(1 is widelv ncelcimed by nil our pil{)bf, \\11111, [Of ;1 "Ii rt time. with Uu'! trnl1l<ldif]e,l Illlrnes~ ill til F4U. It 1s firmly bcliev(!d that if slio1l1dpT 11lI111(i,~IW!; "'Nt' mad~. (,r: nil in nur (~s<,_ m<'lTified. with ~om thmrgIlt ur Ure r>ilt'l"s com[orl tI en~e of fi pilot gt'ltillj! clltl)lh! \VII h I tl~ han,.,>~ ,JoWIi wf1uld hI' ;1 rnIt'

IlUg rlH .. "llt!,liI·I'1

a snug. c<ltufflriuble

HI

ne~

t·'enf-,
El{E(1Il'llVl: I"FI CPTl

Murin. Ni!!',( FlglltcI S(.Juatltllll
~ GrtltllP.at.l· CJell.boJl, .. JOYS:

r!:l

ll1g

thl'

lU()tioll. I.m

10

his

plane

He Neg(eded to Shift Gas Tanks

TbtS COlln~ctor SIr.]!, IS ;:l j!ood iJC:1 "nd doltS Ol.'lxe lh . houlder b...rn~ tollre rem{nrt .. ble, The u.:;e o( l!t;,. ~t"'lP ""IS,l'C<'",nmendl'd in Tec:hIlleaL Nute 28-41, The r,N"un th.""", I<fn.p tHe "ut t.lcked 1'111(t[ th rachlty i~ Ih.1I "llouId., .. h"l'Oe""'~ >lrl? used under nrylllg conditions ~d b)' diffe~~nt ~n' pilol5, fhu.~ n~e"jI1l11n" cOIr'iJcr~bt" vnri,l(iun in ~dju5tt1lC>nL

~..:J.

5

'Mets' Get Wrecked PB2Y
Students Work on ICoronado'
~ T , • aw 'fORK-Flight mechanics scllool at LaCunrdia Piehl hilt> S~ll'llrecl a capsized FH2Y3Ror use in, training its CAdets in reoonstructicn of an-craft. Two complete 1200.bp engines Wf'rl" installed for use by the instruction st 1I. together with instnuu ants necessary C,W rtmning the power plants, Extra
nacelles ar u d for In,ining in engine Installation. While workiug enghieerlng m5trll~ III nts art'! used m the ground trainer, f1ig!IL instruments Rl' drrrurnies. The Instruments were Iuken from the uirera]! • fter il had. capsized in stilt \ ter and were reuuill by instrument shop technicians. This is considered quite un uccompllshment. fm' it was not known that aircrarl instruments once submerged in sult water could b r sturecl to top-

men

TIll' il1~lmnll'lIj sImp thu !J}dug huul us sou a a:, il WiLS dear of Ihe water and I'Nt)IJH.'{l Ihe 'quiplII 'II pJ~Killg I~ in
·\1I1dilIUIi.

Jli~hl

pf tot
othm'

'XkO-(IlI'

tvl' oight hours,

th

went

aboard

lor 9.7 lmnrs,

lh<l Mae West Ihe wm ld's greatest lm ention.

Htlth HOW 'believe life jacket i. 11l!it about-

1I

\'enL ~tJfI·tJsiulI

solution

of gf.lsoline :111d oil Lo 1))'eb)1

exposnr .

III

.-B" ER OMMEN1':..._Th" linp,roil m' turD ;~ Sflr;,,[aetoI"Y for rl'lllt;vcly

alt. U~ u! gaso·

sho ... Slora)l.l! pori ads a" peorection against [ corrosion <if in:itl"un"ICni:s thot huv bllt'n submerged. Hnwcver, the reccnsmendcd method of handling submerged inSrru.Olcnts is sratad (ully in Chapter I Qf (be ,ircnft

in trumenrs

handhnok.

Well Trained, Ergo Alive
Cadets
AAS,

Cc:tlm Awaiting
CORR'"

Resc;ue

{'mlf'lli II re ar

self-preserv Hun melho L. learned in _ ,1\) flighl 111111 II I I Iro1illing classes grill The- cadets were Il!!S ued IN naval pt'rSlllllll."l ,11"1C"1' Iwill(! ,Idrift ill CIlH-

l:uul headedness

FmLD- Two ,lviulioJl alive IrILlu)" UlIinllo to

and

applil.'aLitoll

III

CI\RUUL

TRIII""NC

MIIKE5- ~"'.MtT

5UllIIIVOIIS

thr·

,111 S"<"J when tIl -. l'llgillC

Tho men were on a gunnery run io "III out, The pilnt advised his companion to b. il om ,II ;Ihnat :2,000 fcet. Ulrn len tha [ll~ne hlmscll .lL 1.0no P'ecL They were aplHnxilllalel 20 mil S south bv cast 01
Pel <1JU\1Sa,. Tlw Gill

NAVAL AIR FERRY COMMAND

(DIRECTOR) -N • A• T., S

i

I

CHIEF Of NAYAL OPERATIONS

wind whipping lip 12--fonJ ,,\\1.%; ,dth mnuy wMtet'ars, mnkfng it prru::lll·ally inlp(,l.~~ih to It) atc' sur11' \ ivors in th water,
eust

n sull

r wa s rough

\vit] I

velled wlu-n H

lhe same day l-v (I h(l~ti Iron I YurdCrllft, HI" hnd seen 'ils If~ht:s in the dusk,
('1'111;

T'ho l)i1nl "11S pl 'k'~

lip

~hol1t HIOO

ueur,
WaS

-

AIR fERRY SQUADRONS HnO TRS.. HAS HEW YORX
1

COMMANDER

hem-d. The otlror cadet

frmnd the fnl1flwing uftt'_nu~(IT1. Imvir\g drifted to a poilol near !\1nhil{' Bil~'. .\ r-nv frolll FlrollSOII Fi 1kl rescued him nlter the I)'Wil2;flt(1r luul spotted the yellow of his Mae West against tile hlue or n e Gulf',

and

was

Neither Suffered Physical '"furies 11110 pilot. considernbly sunburned, \\'111> ,.lmflna 10 gN had. on duly. Ilis curuptnuunstuved in Ute dispen:;;ry for ·1 \'[1' ,I.-up. bill likewise WM anxious to rotum lo dilly. cornplainin . ; II was IH' i II It l'llr~crl to go lrl brick.
Both
oj'

,

'r!

suid

thev

could :;Cf' plnnes nul ill For('e- :lnd b;ew ~he la\·" ~ ns Jonkinl! r.'r Ihem n sl,.... am ani] til inks lw maul' progress horeward, The !Jill,·!" dl'ihc(l. "no the wind and curreut. fjl),lrtming sllghtly, had carrit·d Ililrt near shurr- when rescued. "J'h{' pilot said the earbonic cartrid~ s of hi. lal' 'West dtd not IllTICbejl1ll; rf'~f!IIf'U.

11wv

were

coufident

6

non. He inflated 1115jacket by blowwg into lubes, aftBl' first having u ed his

HOW'S YOUR WlHO?

VR·7 Does Hurry ..Up J'ob
Moves Menl Cargo
'AS, MJ.A).ou-VR-7

trousers as a. buoy,
learned at pre-Hight

<I

tdck which he had

school,

in 5 Days
squadron set a

New Re(ord in Bond Drive
l}' record in IL purehus« or \V;U' B nds OIl Pearl Harbor D y, Deeemb r 1. the total sales for lbt' d. y reaching $:!:!..2S2.51S. rigiMl goal had been jel lit $15,OO(),OOO. Total for D(~ceml)er

record for speedy

aotion recently

in

t1'l:'tQspol'ting 170 personnel

and 11,000

Navy Remembers 'Pearl Harbor' r-: ,1\ personnel established anw

one-d

7. 1942.
194ft

1943 represent 300 -percent of those of Pensacola headed
Stnticns with
<L

was

7,417,000.

Results

in

fo]lo\l'en by with $"885,275, lind Corpus Ohristi witL $367,81 g,

Air

the list of Nnval

totnl QUtllJset Point

of

$491,OU6;

New Maps Used at Corpus
flight
bnstness country

pron System Chonged

numbers, Lights and viees at the air traffic control oflJt.t~ markers, giving the pilot an exficl picture of tlJe Ii ~d before he ant rs the 'limed to promote beHf'J nying. cnndltjon.~_ cockpit; Plans are under way to ftl'taD II; A huge .' x I!!' airw y map of the l nited t, tes, with a rruniature alrweather map with illuminated luclte indicators fOJ" airports ill this vicinity. plane located at Corpus Chri ti, gives Ule pilot his air mileage Instantaneonsly, win show at a glance whether any Reld is eontser, Iostrumeat or closed. B~' movjng the My Aircraft :1n}'where over the map the number oE miles An hourly check with special a.erolngy from Corpus to Ill· destination is aut ,. r '!lor • will hI' maintniued Rt tllE! f1 11.

CORPU' fmlS'n-'rlt rolltln~ of flidit plans for crosstrips ha been modernized at thiscenter, with a numbe Ilf new de-

~ATC,

rum

mnucally registered by a metal pointer and scale at the bottom of the map, Having determined air miles to be Bown unci lUled out his Hight plan on new, more legible fnnns now in use, ill pilot ma have t wait a 'hort, hill' fOJ" clearance or weather chang , This time jg muele CJ1lertainin~ by watching sound motion pi 'lures f!"{lJ.n the Navy library. compaot jl~le-bo:< type of J rejector and latest lnIol'mative Blms have been supplied by the special devices department. When clearance Inr the HIghL is granted, the pilot notices which runway tn use on his take-oft hy a glance !'It all I'ledric:ally op rnten runway board, I· pi in up-to-the-mfnnte correctness. It stm ilates the a tual nelrl layout, indueling runway

pounds of cargo Irom Trinidad to British Coinn!!. in five du)'s on short notice_ The .~~Clond d..'1y after the order was received the first shipment left Trinidad. Aft I' nine Ilig1lts the job was completed,
with the aid of two plane'S urought in

as extra sections

fIJI"

the big mnviug job,

XIV-FI.ying
tile
!lflll

Power

I'ick the best oboice
$tl1temlmt.~

ttl complete below, fhen check aljStt!(·(·~"n{1M;.' 4CJ, i$ used
(0--

o l1-nllnw
tJ

J _ Rl?du ...til>rl gearing

engine to turn slower than propeller tj b-llldul)e 'petta n£ valve-operating
mocha) rism

c;-l1l1o"\\l" cranks l1.lft I.) turn fa'te]" tb!).11 propeller [J (1->1110-.,"pi"tlpdler rpm to' exceed
ongillu rpm 2. The Dumber of revplurjon.~ needed to firle oH I.h" lin diU' o( a evencylinder radial engine i_

n

ii /I-Dna
tj IHeven

1J ,,'--hvn
.1. In
9

o d-rourteen
rwin-row

be--

.I"Ol_d'al"ir·(T~tt

Ogilltl,

loucteef,l-cyHitder Ihl're will

[ I (J~S~\'l'1I extllwst

n
U

o

valves and seven h,t.,ke> valves b- h~nh -"i~ht puwar strokes pel cycle c-[/JI.Lrtel'll E'XllllU!>f uud f"u.rt 0Ie'1I tntake "O! I'CS d~-fol1rtt·,'n l1!lW"J strokes l'WT cyt'lr
exhaust valve of
;m

-I. The

a:iJ-craCt

engin (llletAling 81 2,400 rpm will op n..

CI

1/

';!,4(Jl1 l'imes II minute

[.J h-110

CI

o

times a second r-,J.,l:lOO times n minute d-'2(l limes u ~(:oJl{1

j _Ui.hl!

N
/1

lNl';'I'V-SEVh:-"

I\I!{N

I)l'e

tf-9s0Inblf!ll tn tliis v'wtvgrap/',

(ok

II

siJfflmolwre

In the 411l1Intic, ri('moll.';trofillg Ihe #zollia

aew

aboard JIlt! U,~,8 ~nnt !I(' ",,!;lull I" tW(~/' mn'
marie aboard

throw of lin>: era nkshil 11 of .~ radial engine i twO) and II half inches, the eoWn!! has 11hore I.r fi Pin, (,-stroke of two anti :1 11It!~ In, C-sL1'flk~of live In, d-COm)lTeSsion ratln of live to nile
/I

[J
I

"c",,/'l concerted jntr;J rill o(n;ra!t currie«, ti" C ird hrHng till e.l'('!lJ! !'(Irl'icr, ~rhf'n lh~ 'rn~ ~flkl:s off f".'IIi 0 I"JUrri",'N (/"t,k il Jiu,t ill il 'Jul!1 /lIi!I tlilur, mdl[J umu nnti turrc; pUJuu'"I'.lmf II 111' of other» are "~Wll(1t1"g II <lui" aboard slllp tift the It/,ITl" rmul'll~ in IIi fUlt,hl·"rmk (Igain.

1"lI~' \\

"nger iJlwl'l.lllug IIgflifllil 1111' ~"'I.'m{/,

The pfoltu'C Is on

of the fint

n

o

7

MECttAHIClioI.

·'DU.BERT

DUNI<J;R"

IS. -PORTION

OF

" .....,NE: FUSEI.AG"E

RIGGED

UP

1'0 SJII\'HJl.ATE

WATER

l.ANDING.

TRIllNINGi

CREWS IN ESCApE

PIlOl;EDURE

ESCAPE FROM SINKING PLANE
Learning From Experience, Cadets Practice Ditchrng Without Usual Accompanying .Danger
cording to instructors .1 the Naval AIr Traming Center, Corpus Christi. Since sheer \ reigh~ of ths engine quickly submerges an airplane, ptlets downed at sea have only seconds in which to escape with survival equipget a plane forced down as part How pilatseaoutis of much flying, 01 the cadet's b'ainiog as
'1'0 <I t
II

!1~

ment. So practice in the art f bacon» ing quickly detached [rum lhe sin king craft is made a required step in emrnrug Navy wing !lr the Texa ...center, Dilbert Dunker,lngenious mecbnnlcul teacher employed to make escape pl;'ac~ tiee real, is the cut-off fuselage or plane hoisted by lines and pulley. When dropped into a tank f water

,I

and crew twenty-five seconds in which tc- abandon it, salvage C(l!1ipm nt, and hill ate tlieir Uae Wc~ts. .orpus has learned thllL self-preservetion L~y pmetlce is t he surest way In instruct pilots nnd crews who may enC' unter lhe real lhil1g in com hilt areas,

wit11 its occupants, :the plane steadily sinks betew (he .rurfa(1(', alluwlng pillil

'ILOT

MUST

WORK

fAST

AFTER

GRASH

LANDING

CREW

.-AS

25 SECONDS

TO

I>ALVACE

EQUIPMENT

8

HliL1'

'f(1U WJ-_u,(N\VE

I'RA)'Elllj

!m.(..:AQ~ VERY

"l:OIJ

flEI,PS IDEA

VJ'ill'l

MUCU
SENt' !l{)ll)J !lI1

'm us,
ifill

IS II

sample. Another message read: To
lJS THAl<.'KS ;MVGBGOOD

TllOS.E
AND

G,EE'TS 1'0

LUCKS LOTS.

\\:ur'8 Slnltlg~ r~elldshfPs ,has d.eveloped. natives 01 a tinv South Pfwilic Island and crew Ii of t lJ t' b i;g N a v}' pa cr1J 1 uoml:J!:!B th a ~ fly over il daIly iii tkeir search LuI' [ap surface, sub, IlJld uir Iorees, The friellUshlp is nll the more remarkable because the parties have Ot.:ver met. It's -strictly remote (luu:lroJ., Navy plane crews drop "bombs" of cigarettes, candy, fond. and ...rudes of d~aW.ng on this Uny speck oj lund nearly eve..L') li1ile they !I}' over u, ami they are rewarded by "Thank You" notes written in huge let:hJI's 00 Lbe beach "1"
l)f

0

between

'J1'm

witu

stnues !I[.u;{ l')leccs TIFF. Gfl~""r TIIANK "0

or

wood,

OVR ·FIUK.Wl

THANKS

>'00'" WE

WILl.

The notes are Qhl).nged about Once. Cl week and are always the sarne stretch of beilth. nul" fur from 11 typica.l th.'1tclred Jail .. v\ihen planes tirst llew over the island, no, natives were to' be seen. Now. IHJWe ver, the natives have Ivst all lil'nidily. Tiley are in sight-every time the planes zoom tow, waving wildly and scrambling foe gifts that are showered down. Once Il. plane flew lower than the p1Jul intended und jhe natives had to He flat Ol~ the beach to avoid injury, But tllal didn't disoo'w'age them, When lb.ey have noLb.iag else to give away" eulls~ed men sometimes toss over old dungarees 0" "'skivvie" shirts. articles of -clothing ilia natives highl)? prize. Or'lL'e a note of tragedy crept in. A pilot was startled tll read lile cryptic mesSl.lge Oi\"E OF US 1'5 D"/!,Al). The temptelion to land Rod ulvesl;jgate was strong. but orders were orders Md tbe pilot held to his OOHl"Se. The Navy crews believe thut 11miBSiOImry is, or bas been, n.LIIClUg the n;tt1ves. which wrmld not he at all uncommon.

~.
rl,

~rH r \._~ I I J-i 1\ N h "\;.) I\ t ~rH"\N" "" .....,U \~ L'
flo,

'.1

t;z.< ,-

f

":1""'U

s..,~

y",,\.t

.... ~
." ~E ~ ~ ',.. 'II ~ '" 1> .:::~~

¥-~
~

11'. S. (;,001>

'NU& ....IJOR

'PIII.leV

~T~NOS

TO SOUTH PIICI.FIC AS- P':LQTS R£A'D' M~SAGE!i

01' THANI!<S

ArI:D (lOOO

..... foHa r

IN$'CflU:lEi'O ON, SPINOV ""/1,1:1'1

I'IUENDSH.:P

G.A'NEII

~

,

,

IN DlCH Il.NI:lE.FIIR' SMlIlLcurrs

OROPPED

BY I'LIU'IESMAY

:SOME Oil.\' PII,'V UIIUD ';ND liN L'~IES FD~ AIRMEN

fORCED

110,101'14, NEAPY

25 YEA
Naval Aviation in January 1919
on Naval AJIairs
seaplanes,

SAGO

, H IS

MONTH

:!rips. Lt.

1919-liear Admiral Hugh llocim:atl reeommended tu the House Corumittee
construction

omdr, H. O. Mt'DuIIDClJ, LLs. Palmer and Haviland aboard the: U,S,S, Texa~ , nd U. Hammond auoru'd

type of "mother"

shjp for LilInrl!IlIg

Of a new

"The mother ship [or airpluaea c r· t,inly is vital to all future Davies," sard Admiral Rodman, "J ha c seen theru Operate and know they lin: II necessity. They are in the embryo stage at present, but it is essential that tlu:! • rneriean I avy sl euld an'Y un experiments 10 develop such ships and that they should be made au additional rnrnplement 10
lbeS,ghtiog Heet,"

the .S.B, MisSissippi. Lts, " ardell, Wagner and Blotner joint!(l Ihe lattei unit later tltlll uiunth ill Ounntannmo. Texas erected IJJulfoILu on No, 2 turret and the Mls~ts~'I'J11)jdkl likewise, ix
llight.s were euch
[(0111

uisde

three from 'I'ex(l.\ at anchor
each \ esse I under Camels, lll!lf, Sopwith
I

frow

the platforms.

and oue
were

....<I V, All

were successful, Sopwith St:Lutter-~d~a.

awl

SE-S's

'eo. II.:Dol1ne1l spotted by rad iu tor the Texas III 20,000 yard range op I'I1LlU r

Emm the shore,

Ideas of 11 turntable ontupult w\cfell could be trained into th· 'ind sug gested by .omdr. Kenneth " Wting. J1111. 24--FirsL Iariu ' Aeronautlc Company, \ Web operated w anti-submarine putrol ~tati:Qn uI UJ H·(j seaplanes, 2 I -9 seaplanes, UJ],d 6 IIS-2L Jlying boats at Ponta Delgmh. Aznre " was ordered ah. idoned. Thi~ cumpany was the first completely equipped American aviation unit tll lUH\ e tlie UuJted Stattl felT service in the war,

ADM.RAI. IIOOIIIIIIN ABoA-1i1) NEW MEXICO IN 1521

Jail. 29-AltMY I.E"".CER: "The Na y Department has jufonnn.lly requested lhllt bfiIlgfll' puce. etc., be !!;nmlcd them lit J Iazelhurst Fl ·ld ror purpose of ccuducriug prelimin.Ll' Hlg] t tests with a small airplane des! led for LIS in LUlitling on 11a1-ai vessels." [an B,l ~Shi!:, Plane Divlsiun io;n&1

These planes and pllots were pul :1I1111)rl: upon retumul 'the Fleet in 1> !tty, 19J bl. III Hampton Hoads, U nft moved to Langley .Fi eld where it operated [01 about thre months. Other pilots joining the. organiza: ibn were: Cursea, Biggs, Judson, Bniley, Finch, Bnmclensl:ein, Letzkus, E:liot. Conley, Tlbodes, Hatdendorf, Wolfer. Grier, urtiss, fwd Montgomery. In All gust, 19J 9, thls unit disbanded.
A IIUdl'U$ f'('mained III fI,tUlpLOIJ Uouus: Lts. HtNn~l!d, Rhodes, Luvereuts,

NAVY'S

")fIST

TURNTAIliLECATIIPULT.

fORERUNNER

OF PRnt'.NT-D"Y

TYPES,

W.lS

CONSTRUCTED

.tND INSTAI.LED

0"1 U.S.•S. MAR~L"MD

IN

un

10

"If I II., </tl IlfdWrII'{J tin!J I,ll' thi' /1!4h1i'1 I'i/'''I. Slx/l!(!11 F·JU·I! II'l'II' .~cll('{-1H II' "'~I '111'1 1/ !Jj'"ll/I llf 11-:11. JJt<'Jml'lll!; fro .~/nke /, JIIII /;1)1>1.'. '1'11<'11 I,u.. k old wIt I. I""r;hihc~ljkll prl'd~wll. .,ml 11i(' "'1111 ;;1;1)U' tiltH lIl{J(ic; u,l sdh'cJll/e;. Stulrf'IIIV IIV.llty Wr!l~ '\/II/U!d IJIII /)1 Ifu L'ltmtl~. (Ilul ~ " ext::ilwg bultle en!>'Ued Tile .1InJ'lne .I'emll" Iwu u] tlunu, uml il4{(jI/UJ. lot (101m:: b. lilJwinl£_ hi! I tUlgl1J wi!'.f, iiiI!' /(/11(> liad b~lJjl III> d(l~l' a~ r)ll,y,'IIllit _ )j AJ'Ii uws i/UlJlfP, ,'(1/11 tlu: H'pwl "f II is twitl/lil.

1r

bf,,'1I1I11

.'lillJriIlB

till

withou! Amy
ZEli

shot.
throttle

warning, and made ::I, run pod LllW with a, full dellectinu Une..2{J uuu HE shell hit ILl)'
qutlJrnul;
and (;'\)IJjp\~llc}l} shut-

came out u1 a

cloud

lnyer

!tor ] th throttle, prop pit 'b ccuuol. mixture c 111.1-01, and supercharger liontro). Big fragments ul th.: 'liell hit illY lell wrIst, Tilt.! cuginI;: sputlured Ior a Didn't want (I lJ til but. Kue» damned W ,11be would shout me going; down, so 1 clrlVl; 10 get wore stl(~eJ ,u..d rna ko; Lis shqL~ diffi(!\ul, but he l'ol'P!;lJ'cd me all the 1I,lJl_1C. 'Ihe plune was a mass of holes, an 1 [ I..\)uld hear UIC 2U Him splatter (tgafnst Ihe armur plule all (ha
wn

few liecl)mls, und then wen]

ol:!uc1,

u feet away from me, wus sand bagged outpost. There were hViJ J '{P~ i.lI it. They \ er so dose 1 could have easily reached uul .,ml llJut:heJ them. FOl'lLuwtdy 1 bud on sneakers sothey hadn't heard me approach. 1 stood perleclly sliIJ \ 'lille they kept talking to each other. ""'ben I was very sure they luuln't seen 1116. 1 dropped down on my Laud& and knees-ennd flEAT 1'1'1 . That was enough of the south coast fur mel I headed bud.. up JUlr'lh where rn bu. l wM.and SpP,ll Lh t -1 01 th dayillvchtigatfug the aren around the L'llllee I had made shore, 1 cracked a couple Ot uo .onuts, drank the milk. and .ite the meat, I slept in the buut ~ltthe phIl'" I ll.ld penl (he prevtou night.
t';
H

uurre tliuu

t'UU11J1.tfiUgtld

lII'oUlld in the bush. About-u ruile iuland [ fUliIld II. nice cold waterlull Ihat L used lor drin.k:ing water. By th end (If the week I knew 1 W.IW·t goillg lu _get any' here hanging around there, so I decided to head uurth again along a uig wide path. By lllul lirue 1 didll't care whether I met natives 01' [aps.-just us long as T mel sorneon ! Alter tnt cling appruxJtmlle]y U"C miles 1 cam to auother Dative village destroyed by the Japs, 1 invesrlgated the huts and one of them s emed to have been occupied by u !I'lclliudist mis~ioDary. As I came 'out of the hut J saw three natives ill the distance. Two turned e nd darted into th - bush. but the iliird one stayed. I opened my ulg mouth and shuuted "A~CANr' He uame toward rna, spoke 111 Engli~ll. uml told me hlS name, Inunodintely we were b'l'eat h'jend~ alia it w \s thrm!.&ll lli~ help that r g(lt back. plorlog

"'U-IJ I hit the \Hller, both Hw,[)sall I wheels wer up. end th air speed showed 150 Knots, We made on skip, lll~i hit damned hurd. M)' shoulder harness W.:LS on spring tensiou instead of I -ke<1 pl"!siti! II, ,;n J wa thrnwu fUI'\Vlll'd, hitting II e gunSight. knocking nul two teeth. 1m~"lkill~ ru~' nuse and being 1~(Jmplddy stunned.

OOWll,

l~

Gr","'pa'Il'

PeI/ib",,!!

<ays~ See!l

plaue,
water

1 dOll'L know how I got out of the When 1 ~lITit' \'0, I \\'<1" ill llu:
Hlld

1

which was inil.ltcd. ,(ud 111Y parachute "US in tl e boat. The plane had SHU]". The lirst Ihmg I l' 'dized Wl1.' II s!:ruling puss being made at 1I1e by a Zero. I ducked under water and bung on lo H,e' rope of the ralt, antl nIter lry. hi;' gu e U[I and left, I could see land In the til. tance, so I strutcll (Jut (0 paddle, The first day I got within four miles of hore hut was too tired 10 earry on, By morntng 1 bad dtifleu uut to sea again. '0 1 spent the entire ne: -t dav reaching 1 nd, After 3 good ntiht's- sleep' 011 sh reo 1 headed south aJQug the coast on IlRtiV4" IT:;riIs- f'd gnne bout tW[~ mtles when I came to a UiLCtl. r crossed it on :1 log bridge tll1d suddenly 1 heard people talking. r stopped short. There, nOl

was harlging on to

ruv

Mw,: y\'esL

W:l.S

inHatocl.

the r'uLb"r

U!.hli
MO.l1NII'l 1 beaded alum! II h:' L:(l.I.sl u hrml half mile when I l-ame to u {ok sized river. I spent about half the day trying to figllt'e ul whut \ as au the other side. Fl1l3Uy r took Q1f In clothes 01l1t1 wam ;l 'ross, Boating the clothes and my Mae West across 011 a piece of wood. The native trail was pretty well marked, nnd after continuing along it abuut anit ... F LLOWI.NG 1lIlTrI 1
<

T

Overseas Briefing Changed
Review Takes DQy and' a Half
MAG, CAMP KEAru."EY-Brie6ng schedules for 0\1 1'Ii'as pilot;; and crews have undergone s veral changes, Calle densalinns of some sub] cts 311<:1 expansion or addttion of others have resulted ill U {'(tinted, informative. and complete revtew given all pilots before moving out .on rnisstc ns. 13riellng now requires a rln and a hili. with the schedule hroken into one-hour periods. Tb¢ complete program includes lectures lind disenssions on ~l1gin(-!eriDg, geogrnpb)" alt' survtvsl ami medical intcl1(\~(1tnco.

(me

L11er mUe,

that had been desire ed by the [ups. The: village had II 1ill nfg.ood fruil trees a-ouud it. Th re w re plenty of pawpaws, bananas, and coconuts, so headquarters

ream

to II nu

iva

village

fOf Ihe next three days r

P'HJ;rl~

there. doing u Iiule

my

x-

11

Cool Head and Gommon Se nse Are Biggest Aids When Downed and Lost in Unfamiliar Country
ide war movement. Iyou rdworld-csuddenly surruundings ill may lind yoursell strand in unfarulliar
NA

of

the Aiello. 011 the oceau ou II c.:Ol·ru island, or in the jungle or desert. ) ou may lend to magnify tlre hazilJ:ds (.IJ these strange places because oj' !:his UIl" buniliarity. But if you are UJ1IJedWitIl knowledge acqulred Ix:lvrahiwd, YU~I will be capable 01 coping with the HeW surroundings and returning ttl your brule in good physiC"oli ulld mental trim. Survival in strange surrounding depends largely eu resuurceiulness. Your chances of success will li greatly .Iucreased if you arc phy 'ieall), fit, if you Me dressed and cqllil'p·J. EOI' n ernera guney. if )'OU know hwdillnelltal woodcruft prlnelples nnd can W some extent apply them, and tl you have at im!s,L ;l limited skill in a number of outdoor lachniques. Well-considered preparutiun, made while you have time to PI' pare, will .hltlp you when an emergency COrnelio Eery airman should have proper gear ab ani his phu..lp fir on hill person be(are he sturts on 9 fiighL T11e best kil is useless to II pilot who has crashlanded if Ihe kit is en Ius bun k 011 the carrier or fit the Lase 40'0 miles awav. Planes must be checked before take-off to see rlrat necessary Items are :I1,l(Il!l'd
The Iollowiag
itC:llIlS

if there is a chance of rescue, II: is easy tv see, mid muy furnish It good-shelter nd base of op rations. If you are in enemy lertllory, abaudon the plane, first salvaging unything that can be of value to YUIl in yout trek to yOUT 0\'"11 tt;Juitory. Then sabutage !:he plane. Make a pack out of your parachute h urness, cui: 11 5cction uf silk for a ten t and hammock, save the shroud lines lor II rope. and, if necessary, the rest Clf Ib silk for a blanket. O\'e1' any oonsiderahle period you

[001.1. but if water Is availnble, if the body is not overexerted, and if th(;l clunate is warm, you can li e oJI yOW" muscle and fat 01 weeks, Don't eat it yon luck water us earmg uses up the body's water res en' s, DeltlnnIne a course lu fullow. uutl tl'llVt!l slowly. Your first ceusidaration must be to' keep pJlysic:ally and mentally IiI, tart looking for fund and water before you become teo tired or exhausted to do so effecuv ly, Prepare a bed and sleep when you become tired. C(lUIDUl>"t hav

lJ ~

Io

yOl11"

pockets

or attached to your belt at all times will b excellent Insurance, regardles ol, whetller or not you also rue oan)'in~ emergency lUld first-aid kits:
J, \ strong poolmt hill" ''1' ~ll!"l'I~ilknif PT"Cer;lhly the latter. 2, \ IIt(\rprlltJl IlIutdlt'\ IJr mutuhe: ill H wnterpmof co uta Iner, 8. A small wnterpmol ruuupass, 4, A pencil IIl'IS.ullgbt W 11 waterproof
T

CUJJ

ttl i1Wf,

kerchief.

S. A flhirt-pocht fishin,lt kit. This should cdmli~t of a dar.k Iighr-w«Jglll flshill1 llue. clltlrniUJ\I-phrted iWQ)Q; ( especiall smull sizes, as Ino~l of the ensil nvuilsblo fOQ~l Hsh Me !!tl:lall) aud a sII1uJI guld *1'iuIICI with red ,IfIU wlilte stream ,. !ty (J, A mosquito head not is of proal Importanee ill jungle Ill' arotlo COli ntTy. ill wherever insect p::sis nrl' uum rnus, Sucl: a net will £QJd up DO larger thU.l It handSIlRVIVIlL E'QIlIPMENT I~CLUDES S'HE,JO,T'HK.Nln;_ "lS'HIN~ !ilIT. WIIlST C·DMPASS.I'~CI'I. FLASIIUG'HT. WIITUIf'ROOtM,IlTCH·U AXO CUE. AN,D M,OSQUJTD HEAD NET THAT FOLO~ up",,, HANDKERCHIEF SIZE

VVhen yoU are forced down 00 land in strange country, stick by your plane
12

.)
DlSTIUD\lTlON DF \'j(HIl.D'li RES_DURCES 5111'1PI.JFlE.$ WI'\...

UINll

!.EARCH

POR

FOOD;

CHANT

A!lOVE

INDICAn:

s

LOCP.TION

OF

PI'UNCfPAL

VECETp.TIVE

'REGIONS

your
So
1"UIlll

~lTl!nj,(Lh,
Ih;ll
yllil

1i1111],

\11111 ubR~'I'\I;! ,lIId a\..'l iIHellil,';(mth.

plutiC!IJJul'
have
Ole; )!IJU
;l

£l untl l lI!tcl'I'elnti'd and
Ilecording In

.Ii I I

is either plant

or unirnal,
distTihlllt';i.l

I'll' yuu will idea of \\ hul to 1(\ J.. fUI trn'V~1 tlu'llugh JU-h:lr'lll types of
gCl1CT'lI)

1]'\J1.: (.)1' Iood,

cuunll'!l. and curt plun your course
ns 111 l'llt r areas where peel to finel v 'I'l:"ltn plan.t"

so

deftni:

Itl"~,

There

l~

urder ul1~h.'dyiJlg [he diVl:'I'~lly iu 11at\.IT~ uud this order I"\illlwip you hi searclr1t1~ lor f(.od, nimul lire i. usually s l'1~':lll'L· where pluut Hie is scnree. ,dJcotin~ the abundanee and dislrlbultun or planl and fI1JID,tt! lire. Certaiu vegernl ive regluns II1IlY he Iound

you can ex01' uuiiuals.

Cl hnuile is

tI

gI'l'!t\tesl

smgle factor

qUlllJtiUcs of e without first testing il. If other foods are 11111 available. eal OJ lillie nf 111(> strange um:.IUlJ Ihcn 'wait a while. A small quantity nf even cl p[)i~(lnnus foorl is not lik,~ly to llJ'(JlltJ
I nUl

N
r

pnl

strunge

1'0 d

Imge

::!. All birds lind birds t'g)(s ellli lnout ·11, ll, Amphihi.lII~ ;111ft Tt'JlIiI'~N pro gs. "nl:tnumdors. toads. snnkcs, li""" rels, uu rl 1111UI."i) Ill~' !lund sources IIr \:(1Ibie Tlle;l.L -l . \':,Ti" .. " other ",maUtlf rllflllS nf nuim" 1 life muy he the' n111~t ,\\ 'Lllubll' fllOd~ .J I ;l .<.ppcllil llnil' and pluce, TIll'>' ill!)Ii Id!J: ~1Il':L"FISIl. Limns. mussels. ~I"liis. CI\U~' ~( E:,\·"li • ('l'Ilyli!;h, cruhs, shrimp, bll>£ rs •
lOcUSts. In IIi5trilm rlOn. 5. AniITlRt h)'·prr.wld~ include: l'fZlVI'"II.
II" ts,

tr-nnltr-s.

:';lTI~sJ!Opper'S.

rhroughout tl.e world in more than (In' zone (Are-tic, Tern pcrate. Or Trupic}, l.u], wherever these I:l\!gionsOC{'lJr they will have es~ell!iunv Ute same '\P[)(~I'U'· ri nt'I' nnd willt:ontain sunllar lYL)(i'S of
plants Ilnd nrrim ils.

tal or even dangerons, whereas a I~g(' quantity may be. In general It ill nle tn tl'Y f\~odS that ynu observe being eaten by bhus nnd mammals, but lh JI'f' ur S(JII1 except iOns. Fond eaten hv 1'llthmts, r mice. ['ll~S, hv monkovs. hnb on , bears. racoons. li.~rl "~'uim;~urher omnivorous animals lIHl1ll1r wi.lJ he safe I'm you to try. 111kllllwn plant foods with milky juices .shollld be [II niaf'(l Ally plant parts wlth un Imll~ll<1ny hitter OJ' otherwise
!..[jsal!reeah!· taste art'
Hill

They

are numerous

'l.UU {\Ill warld-wide

rnnl'it:..

lIen e I'S, sq uirrcls.

1111"

kruls )

01'

E\'crv climate 11n<1 ureu will huve snma !'I'mlls Df 1Hr--whteh .tre Eamilint.
rind some whicl: nre
IlI'W

I~r'r,.)i • of lnrds, t.rrt'lt.s. UllNSl' • H tan be Iuuncl durlug' JOost oft:he Yl"lll'-, and i made 1))1 V:ll'inus types of hues. CAOJl:ES • Fruits, nuts, seeds, !lUll Mots nre stored by mice, lemmings, squ irrels, chipmunks

l)IIt

usable.

IN, THI NEXT ISSUE: FINDING YOUR

'lin HOME

Luck for !;)di!Jle plnn'bi :11111 nnimuls ill dist,ml I,'tJl11l tries in Ih(" !lame type of phll'l'~ lhal yon l'ouud Ihem !I~ homo, IF YDn hunted squirrels at ]1(1)1\ • you \1'"J!1 loll!)W whore III Itlf] ~ Em! sq ui rrelliJ..t, uulmuls 111 nth 'I' narts ofthe world Mllre than h llf Ih~' tusk of obtafnilll! [l1ml 1i!,!s in knnwing what tn expect in IIml11' , e:q~f'ct 10 Bnd the coconut palm at hilth l1\tihlcle~ or In n dense {orE'-~t hilt ill 1"",_ sand", en..,)ore nrens 01' 011 rt\ or llond pJ~lil~". hi an cmergl'ltlr:oy yon migl t not start QIlI to lonk ror n
.. !ti-"~un area find where and how tl1 tonk for it. You wl?lIld not for ex-

plensnnt
II!mYlfIlL

0

out hilt mav lOUIe!

he d.efiuit Iy
rlll'nil111 ,(li1,I~
STJ.;MS
TlOllT:< SFlIII'TS

only

lin-

N· II,,,
d('rI~vc/

A~EWS

prese wf ' first Ilf tt

planls,
~""11~
!JAHI>

wall'!' M

~~ll'ies' I; r 1 (! ~

fit

tJj -

("

/1·

[NIIII 0

I..EAI< es n.{\WTillS
'\-.U"

How

SUl-

~'llfll,n~

pons

Erlillic animals
1

aty infinilel'.

vive and [J. S. ~Iit e brlok /,I"SI.Wti l,y 1:1.1
tiou 7'rflllllng
Djllf,~j()/I

uu Lnl\l1 eu, (I II!'tV N/lI,;r11 111I hf' At,iiJ-

are 1li1~11~ 1t>I;(I!,rui?!'" h\' Ihulr (,;mwlIIg: !If huir All are edible.

Lawl

rnnnuoulx

of

NO.

13

BrilliantV'ictories Mark the Record of British Navy Planes
S
[NW, Tll.IL Du rfnlUK of

Alk Royal. the If1:m1161f, the ElIg'~, the F(lTm[!llIbltJ and the Vit.toriflu'1-. Asid~ from bloekade, naval nircr ... t first made f ~hcir p(IWe-r felt by minelaying M~livit:ies early in 1940 • and
hy support ofground Iorees in early days or the war. Dunkirk was lollowed hy lhl' NunMegian eampafgn, a~tncks 011 tflt: low cOllntrirs "to forestall invasion, Medfterranean conV(lY problems, Crete, MallJ;!, Libya and luter Oran .and Dakar. In all ~hese, li'M was active supporting I1eel opertltioo~. llestroying' it~ sIIare of enemy siJins find equipment,

or

tlre

WUI

Flli'C't Ail' A i'lJl has

increased ill size aud strikillg puwer. Naval nin;xaft l'anged the O,-"0aIlS in se<udJ raiders and U-boets, t.he? [inve gua.rded the p<ltl\S nf seaborne trade .. ~he:v
ImVt"
(jf

They hnve J.ttnclced Cerman ami Italiau warships=nuder steam am] in defendf'd harbors, and have sunk mOl'€: thlul half a million tons of nrernluurt shipping, 'They Wf4'P the .ll:l'st .Lircruft ill hfstory to sink It warship hy tIl,,!, bomhing, thr Eirst defeat ,lir at taek

have protected

the Fleet.

BRTTAIN'S FIRST ESCORT CARRIER

to sink a capital sbj-p with torpedoes, and the fmt to 011 a [tC;'etby the nsf' \If n~hter tlefp.I1Se.
1l"l'lriSli FLEE'!

Am .AR_'iLr-oruprtses aU uircn-tft rulsignCf-1 to earriers, hnnlesblps ur cruisers. UnJjke the U. S. N.t\y. 1''',\ hilS no shore-based planee, hIlt u;entir~ly seaborne. IL~job is hath defensive-to flgJlt off acriilllLL8cl<s on the fleet $t'olI~ fnr en~rny surface or U-bolll uflH:s.--.and vB'em;1.ve" Lv ClWI'Y ~!llo.ck~ agtlinl1t the enemy. Tll1:.' storv l.lf FA~ in 'vVtlrld War bas written in lnrge letters the' important rOle avj'atioll playeel in f'\ ery mnjar

B

\VAlI'S !"u'o)o;"mIIOl.!;:S: TTHnk,,]iI. "!IlJllgk u Ccrmuu ~hifl hf"l,ltme the fir-L "~('1If1 ulwmn .. mrrler tn "P€l'llt(' : l\gai ust IhI' '\; '(ZlS' CI"'Iynwnltpnck of U-hQuhi, d The Dlutnrship llunuert Wll~ iriletlwpted In M~clt. 19l1lJ. hy a BritMt 'tm';scr and I ,,\.r,'Bd, hadly hnthm~rL Into the harbor aL King"IJIIl, [urnnic a, Nineteen months Inter she sa iIed £rrll n thut hu r! rUI' as Bri tuic"s .'\udlltdill.
[Ill!

n

"f

eng;\gNnent-bHLtlrs of Mabpt1l\ and Tarantn, sinking of the BiSTIUl/'ck. protection of AW()d hmdings at Sollrtl1o. At Mntnpun, ('_",-,'s pJane.:; wiped out nlarge ~egm:ent flf the Italian Nuvv ~Ilsea, <titer it Imd sent torpsda-be{il-ling planes into T{Hanto harbor and {11lt Hu.1y's sea Sllprt'mncy In the ~edifen:ane:m down to par,lly. FLo\. planes plnyed II part in bouneliug and sinking the CenmLll battle r-rniser Rtl'ntafck. jllllt as t1u:y did in ttnckulg clown the Gmf Spee, FA .... WIIS IlRndic.8ppe.d threughout early rears of the- weir by lack of Cas.!, heavily armed planes. F.\A turned to the Uuih~cl States ~tl1dI'cccived ,'l!eve:rul 11,\Inclrec1 Crurnman Wirdca(s 10 augment 111E'small supply of planes it had (l\<flilnblefor the vast i!lb iff proteeting wnrld,.,ide convnr limes nml tbl" hu-fl.ung ftoyul N-a\')', 11 \\'a~ the RO)laJ N [tv}' wl .lclr had the Arstrs('ort canier, built late ill ] 94_0 hom [I captrrreel GermRn merchanLmliUl ami n·-llelflWd Arulacf't!l. Th:it ~hip with its six Grumman Rghlerli put-fired to the answer In the 1.I-boal menace. its plaoes eMbting the Allies to spot and Sink 5Hhmmine,~'
brf!\rp. t-hey could
COli Lat'! CADVOyS.

rir-r W!lS lorpedn~1 [Iff Brest llner 14 week; (If operutioun] duty. But III thtl[ time tJ\(J An,IIICUu anu hE'l planes hnt1 "mdt, _~I\ "IIIn'O\' tTi I'~.'IT;IH Ill!; 11 Ililll.in)! lid -hnats. ~hnl1ti!1!1."d()w·n~fl7.i planes a~rl h[11sJ{'riTT~ rhe ~",(..~,rHy c:onvn}' lnnus. The Arllh;l('!t!l"~ Uf~ span was short, bill' long ~'l1tmgh

Ouh' 400 fllong

lirsl l~))lv{trttl~1('urn!'"" wiU, n rnc'l~kr cQrnplemll?lIl six CnUTlImil I fl!'!ltters Oil 11 en-swept lIigllL deQllc,'IUU 60 flo Widc-. Uw 5,01117>-1,)" car-

or

men c:ol1\','rttld Inh) carriers

to prow' a IlBI'I' theory i1l nnvulwarfnre:
lW\I\lN

to[l,S rm

'liTty,

C(!ltld r",JpiL~e !n..rgc flat-

tita.!

merehuut-

f' In Allu~tlt-tll t.h~· ,dl1Ut1t .11.,~JI t.1Vd h~n f II(nH6"l·~.tit! in b~ au nlru't'nft NII~.l'iC'1' If 1~lt I~OHUlIi.! ..tllln,CJ;1l f.!,:! (hp 1,().,!uJrtl In 10'2'2. Tllh f.JvII[I Jl"l.l1~I~l.ill lLl'i!o!11~~1r.L:!(HHu.rfL.~11 In !ibnuf IIWt1lr m(]nIH:fi~ I IlIlf" hl;,~lUI 1l1;. ~i-#t ~h::'l1 r VPf'fIITI11ll'P1; 111 .1nu.lI. Jll tL-Ed_
j

T

ca:rtyilll'l 1JOfl-pnltt1d b(1mb~. Ilew from the Orknevs to homh am:1Rink IbA Genflan cnriser .Eolfl ill n~r'Zf>n hnrhor (Nm\\'ay) in J\pril. '940. It Tlurl'kefl tl\!;' fh·SI--liri16! in hic~tnry u maier unil .,f any fit;,el hntl hePlJ "!U!.R hv nil' aftlld<. The :.1i'lI"Vnf["i'le~t .\ ir .... n 1S s[udded with lwroie feats n of airoraft' ctilTiel1> like l1i~ Aflt1tWU,/. 11IC Wusfr/(l!'/s, the

HE lnG 'PAn-, Deel rurl.!I'ufL Wl'I'C i::(l' pby in mllclenl warJnTf' was not (Il],lprel;'iated bv many until lfl Fhi,tjsh SkmM.

HE TIILllD Dun: of the Royal Navy ill war, that of eonpemtion with the two slsterserviecs, Ills!l involved ·lJ.,~e uf I'A.'\, 111 the Norwegian 'Qumpuign thl' main air support W:JM provided hy llircrnft from tIle Ark lio!Jl11. GIIJritn~~ and FtI1'I(lw~. At Dunkirk a squadron of naval planes t:al'rie~ onl daiJy rlh'e-bombing ntt.nckli on enem.y troops and tanks near Calais. The next rnmbfned operation occurred dllI'inp: the Li(byurJ carnpftign, wlH:~n the eastern Medi1l:errlw,¢an f!eel bombardecl Illmzzo, Hnrdla, Trfpol'~ and C{!.lIoa. Naval :li"'l"",ft were !Jl!~(f tn provide diversionary 110I'l.hltlg. air proteetion uncl g Ilnl1 ery 0 hS@fV a Udo. llroblJhly the hellt example of this l"fPc of '""ark WQS gLven hy FAA fit the Oran fwd Al1l;i!;lfs l'ilnd1ngs in H.l42. Fnr this large operation nir cover was pJ'ovided exdu8ivoJy by naval afroraH of every type-Sflo.jir.es. Sea fhtrrkafles, Wil.dcat.'l".

T

F-u7f11l1f'.l'!lnd tllen R few SWFJrtl{i,"", and Wali't19 [ilan

models.

16

ROYAL NaN? p ilut , ticu.l"_Parke, [lew lhl aotiqua:ted no biplane nr 1\)l2 British milimry rrinh; plano: had 60-hp engrne

TINY

pluries,

sLlen a$ rhis

no,

couhl

ta.ke

wiog of new planes which

orr

nired ::'~",(es is grooming

and land :from (or baule

ul liaviug ulrplanes ultn hcd to Navy scouting and chservation work was bum III pee-World 1 cluj's after til • Iii -t lu1llt<tI1' plane used in hntlle Ilew tc(.'ormrus~lilll!e mlsslons over lines jn the BulkllDs. 1Il HlJ2 Hoyal Flying Corps hall a military and naval wing, b!,ll two years latei llu}'til laval Service W>l5 created. separate
I:lE- WM

LACK OF PLANES HAMPERED AIR ARM Hoyal fOi T 'Y,Lt
[l'utu nFC.

to A1t Mlillstry. wWle operational responsibility was Adnrn'· ally's. 10 1937 it was decided lo gJ\'e Adl.nil'uUy complete control, but the change.o\·er lodk until May. HISS, when I'M actu illy became purt o~ the Navy. Unlike the U. S. boats, \Vhkh remeined ill the font! of Coastal Command, UJ1( Ier Ail' Ministry, Ifll AO,MJIIAln'Y 11*1 PIV ided 70 pe.rcept ()f the pilots, all observers and ail' gunners amI );h1p~, Air Mb1is.tl'Y I'l ovkled (10 percent of pilabi. all ground crews, aircraft, air ~t;1Uonll ilnd hw.il: IT tilling, That organization also retained control of development aud prcduclion of atroraft to reqntrements laid down by Adtnirnlty, This unetlun, was taken Over by Ministry or Air()ra.J:l productlon early in H)40 as. a common suppller to uvlh Admiralty and Air LVlinlstry. When (Ill! Cermnn Lllflu)(JfJe started it blit<:. Uti Brit'.un neither f\<\]> nut Fleet "II' Anu had suflicicu t, planes to fill lh,il' uecds, Since the majnr task Ill' th hour was III turll hlll·k the Cermtm tlil" .(UTI'iiHlns, J1..llo" wa.~ givon priol'iLy nn :tTl ,lWlilllbl light ~i' planes fol' some ttll c. For tills renxun, FA" W:J.S llnutcd to securing (lilly slwb planes as il could from llnited Stutes, plus what few it could procure nom Bdtish alrcroft m:mu£aclurers above the Roynl Ail' FOfCC1 C)IJUtiL\,
Navy, AdmimLly

10 1937 there was u system of "dual coutrul" under which the ucimmistral'ive responsibililY Ior Fleet All' Arm belonged

did

not

assume

responsibility

fur

patrol

,\.t the vcgiluuug uf UI(Jwar the ser ice hud une alrshlp und three airplane aud seaplane squadrons with a total of 93 machmes. it was ccntrolled by the Admin"!}" whil the ,\noy eoutrolled the military wing. In HJl4. the Adilliralty recognized the p, IT~ pluues wow I some l.by pluy in warlare by building til tll'.~r alreraft carrier, Ule Atk Hoy(/l, wlth cnU1CS MId a short "flying off" deck. 1'111'(:\0 other urriers were commiss! ned during LLe firsl \\'inter of W111' and NIWY pbJJes were used for many laud ()p~ruLiOlls as well U$ sea patrols, 'tLI;! bomb d D\l5, seldorf, attacked Zel?pelin sheds .it Fdedt'JchshavCIl and Cuxh.iveo, Iouglrt in East Alriea and palestine and at the Dardanelles. By lY18 lUi and IlNAS ceased to U:dHI I1S separate branches, and were In rged ill Rtlyn) Air Fore , From 1918

T

he ('rI1lh III (II Lilt: onunaudcr -·in·Chid concern d. [tilt! ,Il their IJisplHal. They ure as llludl tl 1);lrl ol tllt" Nnvy as l\ilttle~hiJls and enusers. he>' Me n.nuned uy Ho 'ul NI!V und the aia'!'art un .. [10\'1"1.1 by JH1\'l!1 officers. Navnl ratings :W' responsible for :11.1 maiutenunee WI;\I'1. with tlu- f'X~'('plir)!1 01
I

. c·..

THE ORGANIZATION OF FLEET AIR ARM
I1IlIL·ns OD(.'G!lin~ with Lite Accls an' IJllCfULil1u.tlJy

unclel

lhut 'till lllldt~ltIkplI I»' , group oj nl\~' non-comnusslnuecl .l)Hl{,l'r~ WUl) IU'e 011 len! n, These II.,\.~ per '{mud lire surviv J Is III tll(· Illd ol'gl.llllJmlion under whi ·11 HAl;' cOllperate I in tlll~ llymg "ide of Ihe- naval Hil lUI'i1. which lenrriunl erl in .1"I1I1V. 19,'3.0. '1\'l:llisgemlllll of FAA rests suteJ wiLL Ad rniral Tlltf member ,)f t h Arl111\1l·t'Sl'OIl~btc is lht' Fifth ea Lnrd, 1111 rler Whom work directors Airfields and srrler 1'\e-

6·,

quh'ements, Dime or of Air Mainteruuu ..1;l !lnd Repni:r arul · On lh stmI' side, ssistunt Chief of '(lvttl Staff (Air) d 'Ih witl nuvnl nil' Dvlkr. while Naval Ail' Warfare Div-ijiirm. i~ rCSpt1ll!;iLlc 1'(11'lacLil'i: nnd training. logethe» with lypes of nircralt und WQ,IPIIII.'l tu be used by air urews LUbtly, Lllere i~ Diret'j'l)1 of ""III Air Organizutfun. Departrneuts und ., .. eeoud : a. Lord :Wl' responsible FOI'personnel
Under this ,!!;enel,t1.1 ndmlmstrutiun Serve tht;' senior officerS "ldminiBtt'dllg; aN ,Iir stnt il ns (it horne, Til ir r SP( rudbility is l'-raini.lIg, repllIT und malntennnce. There Me many naval air repair yards imlldllng nfl wnJik 11.aL-cannot be dona in Director o]' Alrcmft Egui'pment.

or

statlons

1I11.~ eramped space of nn aircraft carrier's hnngnr. Navn] aj'Ji' o.ct much in the cupnr-ity of depot ship" rur (U·st line fLEET Air :rm'5 developrnent in. second World \'Y'ru was re' squadrons Whldl fI~r nIT amC"r<; lit ,('8 Ilnrl emile if! [rtf refits, lard ell by fan, R.AJ" needed "II planes CQ halt hlitz 011 'Eng lund 17

IIRITISH

FLEET

.AIR •• ,CONT'OJ

WRENS PLAY L.EADING ROLE IN AIR ARM,KE£PING ITS PLANES FLYING

marker,

air

synth uc

b'~ller, ciIII::gun

assessnr, fnbric worker,

from the large bod.y of women, serving in Royal Navy as 'WlIENS (Women's Royal Naval Service) and 'ant to a. l,S. Fledgling, a t.:rainlng station, to be schooled iII four aeronautical clLtegQde$-Alr£ramc (A) Engine (1£). ElecLricirut (L). and Ordnance ( ). Responsibilities of "ReNS have broadened oul aud their duties now come rmder I eudlngs such 'S; Ul' rneel auic (electrical]. air meelu nio (engines), uir mcchanfc (.lirframes), air mechanic armorer (ortlnance}, !Joml) ningc

O\:A.L AVY bas dune un efficiept job trainiltg women 10 L\._ replace men for Fleet Air rm billcLs at sea, The British do Dot expect 10 girls to rapt: ce 10 meu, but t11ey do expect 12 girls to do it. Tl ese air mechanics are chosen

n

meteurological worker, parachute paeker, pll()togl'aphic IiSsjstant, strip cameru cperator, supply stores worker, vision tester, radio mechani , ail' milIDltmunQe helper, ste", ard, cook. Basic training for each at- the categories is virtually the same, with all branching out into tulensive study in their own specialties. At fust all stu ly aircraft acquaintance. including talks HPd lectures on the history of Hylng, types til' aircraft mployed by Fleet Air Ann, airport and naval air stntiou procedure and illght routine. Each student receives ;J. tool bOK to use throughout her course and take aloug when she j'CCeJ. es her assignment to duty . ... A' (airframe mechanics] begin with simple riveting. heat treatment, LaVping, Illing. etc, Furtlrer along the COUflJe' they practico cahle- and. line spllomg, Iabno repairs and dop sehemes, riggillg, byonuilics, pueumatlcs, metal repairs and allied subjects . .. E's (engine m chaurcs] learn the knack of Illlng, sawing, chipplng. drilling. tapping; usiug spanners, lelllOVing tightJittlHg .studs lind nuts, 10 advance school the)' are 1i1vell combustion engir!es, magnetos and carburetors. ItS well as variuus types of nireraft engines . ... L's (oJcCJtriciaus) are broken in 011 soldenag, blow lamps and the pe ulinr lools (If this trade, nay probe the practicul details o£ eleotricl1:y, nuking clip!>and brackets, simple circuits, ignition and harness QiJ'cuil:s,lnclucliug bemb anel torpedo release UlechaniSms. Theoreelcal study I;) dram.Il:ized actual balH.llillg ot clrcults . .. U's (ol'dua!I'lce). alter a IJridJ iul:ruuuctio(J in aviation annameut, embark un a highly pracucal co UiS~ itJ .macliine guns, cannon and every airornlt weapon in service with Fleel Ait fUrUl, They disassemble, repan, eleaa, reassemble. Later, they move on to types ot bombs, bomb racks, hl)mu louWrlg :UII.lmiscellauenus l-lxpll:l~ivr~, "Bcmb alley" 11; .t small room Containing dummy humbs of all types and old Swotd{ts" rnninplane in which WllENS do actual praeuee arming,

uy

their courses, and J practice, exaotly Bthey wills are teamed up side operational actual duty. as work together by side on
Jf.FORE Wll<V.lNG. 0 Ill.' .variOUS OI

A' , .h~'S, L'S

WRENS areattached to Fleet Ajr Arm at Roosevelt Field, Long Isll1lll:l, their work C'ol1sisting mostly of checking aircraft delivered O:OIll .'\lneric:a.U war [I.lanl:ll.and supervising issue of supplles. R.e.:enUy U number of AO'If;.llican girls, mosUy of EugilsL or ScotiMl d scent, h ve b n enrolled in the \VRENS for Flee! Air Ann SCl'\ lee ill the United Siaies,

•.

De~k landing offi~er on the H.M.S. IllustYir.ms.. guiding pilot'in for landit?g 'on the carrier. using illuminated "bats", as .signal, paddles to improve-their visibility
)~ v :;;;@«

i'

,.;..

.

·P,. '\:f_ §@L_
i*-

%

»

ytI:_?,

se=:

E'.

t~

»i

. if

ox

;$&.;g

%...'

y

%,.,

if..

, .,

Keeping supply lines open in Mediterranean was one of early tasks of Fleet Air Arm; photo taken from VictorirJitJ. shows Indomitable and Eagle "in convoy"
2,
r

RESPONSIBLE LEADERSHIP GUIDES FLEEl
W
HILE GRF,AT BIUTAfN'S

being. ex-panded

Royal Air rOtCC was to meet the Luftwajje and

REGINALD H. PORTAL
REAK ADJ\JHtAL, D.S,C. AWlllml Portal, AS'iisla.n:t Chjtjf ul Naval Stall (Air)

c'lLrry tbe aLJ.'olfens·iveto

Germany.

pluus were

being prepared aod groundwork laid for similar development o.f the Fleet Air Arm or ROY,IL Na.yy. leaders long active in (laval aviation were selected 10 develop. 'and head this expansion p!;,ogram, watking ctosely with na-val aviadon a:ccl"iries in

at tlw Ad mlrulty, dstes his 11\ l"thm. experience back. tu HJ I('. \\'hen as U mitlshiprnnn h was .ltL;.tli!hed lu noraJ

the U, S. F£!Jit of rhis Allied cooperation is being
felt by the Ax..is powers, as combined units of {he rwe most powerful fleers In [he wIC)rLdstrike with deadly effect at the U-bQ3l menace in the Adalltic and a.gains:r Jap bases in the Pad.6:c. The rapid growth and expansion of naval aviation bas made pessible the development (nsk force groups [0 use ail' and sea power ro greatest aclvaot~se and 10 provide an ail" umbrella over Allled Convoys. These inncvari ons are ma ki Qg World SX!ar f I hi Story.

or

.\1] arshal Sir ch nrles Portal.

Naval A,i, S~I'\ l,"c us Il!l ul» server. hell Lbis neliviLy mel'g",~l with !luYHl Flying Corps. I (J f OUli .nAF, lie W:L!i ult.ieluxl In the new activity u.'. ~ lOi"pcdo IIT)el'i:ul.:M, Ueturning to tJUj lleet iu l!J2Cl, !ill i.'i now rl:ll>'P!)nsible fOr HII;; OP\l(lItiomll tJrgHillzlLl:lull and policy of I~AA und fOT the lnlini:ng u£ eemhat air crews. IIc i.~ II 11l'1l(1eI' of .·'ur Gllie] I

"V

20

,\DMJRAL. C.B.E., K.C.B ... C.V.O .. A.D .. NHW II ~·ulil]g. IL British At! rnirullv Delrg;,ltion in \ d~11

IR PER Y L H. NOBLE

"(Imiml Nohlu LII1It';'ed llie ]{(Jyal Nuvy at the ;1(:1(;1 [1f Ii4, l;t;'rving: with the C IIlad Fleet ill! he rt('i1
illJ.!lllll

nil ector l' Na al Equipment a! the Admiralrv, commanded 111· . -eond Cruiser Squndrou, S 'I'v",d us Pnlll'lh Sen Lord .IH I 'hier i1f Supplies dud Transport nod o mmanderin-Chief of the hinl1station, \s Communder-In-Chle] pi Wt:i>t£'ru ppn>II('hes, he int roducerl I:Iw Iaunch ing airl~hlll!t'S 1'\'111\1 ;[ flle'n.'h";li ~hip

\\ orkl \\'(11'. lie hns ,ll'tt!tl :L\ J) u'ecl 0 01 l1etnlio!]s urul

or

• I R ARTHUR L. LY TER

T. G,

VI .E ADMIR/I.L, K.C.U •• .V.O .• C.B.E., D. ,0. ir Arthur l'PLDnl,lllded lli' l:lvd(Ju~' belore the war; til killg ~()m1Tlullcl uf cul'-

carrier

l'/(l!rs ill iJle ~ktlll'l,M:IIl~h in the lull n! I !).. l. .ln [,'ebn,lH

ury,

nt 1!he Adrnimltv during til > periud when lh~ pl'esfllll I'
expunslon was l'inJll1cd. \11 ru rt, 1!-J42. Sir Art1ll1I
(,IUJII'C:11

1901J, he • ccepteci ltPpoillbllenl us Filth eu Lord

III
W,IS

A R AR
MATTHEW SA S, F
SLATTERY
OMMOOOIU '()l'11mbdlll'e SJ.,UPT\' il; Chilli '\1Iva1 HC'pl'ellCntatfve III the

ACTIVITIES

to coimnuud the earIter divtslon which accurnpartied the relief (:.'OIlVI)Y to Malta, lllt is IW\\ charged
wit h l rn ining newly fDnned ~IP uulrnns and ass-i:"'llilll! 1I1f'ltl

PAR JOHN
CAPTA.IN 'aptulll Nllu, l;Jvaj Air luohe, British Embassy, mid N uval Air l\·eVreSflDl~tj\'e• \\7asb.ingtou;

.\ol1ni!lll)t Ilf Airerult .ProrlucI inu, .Lt'Liug in .l Ha L~{)11 enpadty between the Admimlly ,1I.el 'UJ'l:l'nl ( ruuuu 1'l\l'IIII"~n; tn 1,~Slln' ., (·rlllsl.(J11 SIIPP!>, (.J
planes (or
FA....

!lctLisl! A.dntinlJly [) :1~gfiliIJi\, dntes hili nnvnl service huck to WiG. Since
1\J2..l lU3 h;l", beeu ussuciuled witlt J<1 -et. Air Arm, serving lbmlnl lLl' c::llrJi'!'~ Ilermes;

Entering

B.u)'~tl ~;(,:

iu WHI.

11(>h··

ill llI2:l. eaptam in llJG and eommodore firsL oluss in 19,*3. Hi
('milt" .1 lie ueuant.

"gus, Furious,

,till] (;/OIi(II.Ii.

111 1U41 .:111-

Courag{ww.

firs nircralt sqnudron eummaud L"UlIU iu I Q3J .Ihoard lhe URrl'icr Cfmf·'iIg;*WII.~ when he took charge or Sq unrlrun 830. He 1I;ls ilb!. helc] rank flf Wi,lg .11JIII1HmdtH ill n ~ F

taln [ohu became Dlrecuu ,enernJ of t'o:uval Aircraft D velnpment o nd Pm.dlll,!:j(HI ...
\'Vitll llit! Ministev
Pl'lldlll'!

01 Airt'nd'l HFlPoinlc£l
til

hls present position in Wash. jugUm during the yelt1' I ~}~;:I 21

until

iou, LI111~lun. serving
W:iS

llf'

FLEET AIR ARM LIES BOTH BRITISH AN[
SWORDFISH
t.LtinsLay (If l"leat lUI" Arm dururg andy days of ~llc war \\'u!> this sluw but slurdy rrurd{!sll phllll", aJl'f'ctiuualel' «ullcd tl e Sll'mgba~. It did all ri~hl for itself at Turunlo. ~rida[lUll, In pmsuit 01 th Bblllutck and emf 11M, and ill Ill" ('II~II'wl lig!.1 with IIII! SdwTIIll(n',\'1 aud Gneiscl1(lu. Powcrud hy II U.tyJjmler. e:mtl-hp mdial1,JJ1~ilJ(.1, il is H three~t';lll'J ililllulll" Ilil}1 one axed gUll Brillg througlr tlt", pro1i11111l1ter! ill the rear cockpit. IIIaxiruurn speed at 131 rrrpu. Carries 1 " t(Jrp~'rlo or lnnnhs. 1\(.'collul,'11 fOI lI,el' hal] "million ons ot ell my sllif'lrl"!::" 'jlll'C outhrouk ol war, HUllig slow, enemy anti!lin'l,tIt "'IUlT1l'I'S'I'-Id ItiHit:'ulty in l1;tiug its speed, Light to 1I,,1It II" .!lId rn,III'JIIW'mhlE! the $U)"",/ji,I'li will turn quickly.
OJ.1\'

pelltr

mnl

is If>J mllll

cruismu

SEAFIR£
worlr], hl11'1 l]j~tiuguislu::d Itself as a lund fighter Ilg 11I'1'lIr:! 1-('" lillg it~ ~ea legs, "\'11l'11 Britain was uhle to .spare ""I'il/ll'I'" l rnru ils LJIlUle with the LlJltu~ufJrJ. it allocat cl them to l<'ll'i~t Air '\rm, wlueL pmll1[ltl>' .1lu.Lpted th an lor "III ric-r Jlring LI' l'AJ.lIar.'P the s!\)\\ pl,IOCS Iurmerly used. '10 .ulup; il to Iifenn I, wUwg carrier deck, it WHS provided wilh cllLlILlllit ~plml~Ut'(·l. arrester hOl)k :uul other spoeluli;\I'11 i ''II IiIII Hl'ill sw'h 11~ 1,,111im:. wi IJ !-I~. 11.5 \1']'11 ~sprt,ad ls 30 H, [lilt! lCllglh 2U II. l ts 12.c;ylimler llquid-cooled engine is ;l I1nl1s illl}l' ·1t,,'lin. \ la.ii·1I carries it" at S7S mph, l 21 ;5ll1lll . .:m;~Hrowuiug rnuchiue gum {Inc! 20 mm,13dtish 1JJSpdllO 1'[1111'1,11 l!l)llIjH'jS0 ils very ft1llnidll"bll' IU'IlI,W'n ~lll.
,1\

1'1lis

Si1 LgJt'-~U'lll.'d

ligllt 1;'1'

U

ecds little Introduotlon

to the

JUliOIl

SEA HURRICANE

\ ~lslor pianf;l In the Iamcd ::'lldfire in UIEI Battle Hl'il.dll \lllLdl .Lbo has hL'l::ll ,ldapllJd lo sbiplloard Hghting I In Fi, ,'" \ il '\1 III. rill 1/11/ 1'11'/1/1(1 L~ L'n'Wkc.l with J Illl'illj!. dIJ\\'I1IOJ mom t:{;;1 rn.m planes [h,HI IU1Y other Hrll ish nircra]] III tIlL' LltaTL1\' b,llll,~ IlVCI Euglaml, It lun Iw~ Le II (!lJippeu Iddl nrn'slt'l hl)uk IIlId ntlrcr gear SI) Ihul it can operate 11'''111 l'all'wr~ .'<11'" III III· -hunr ligbt single. tturrtcaue« II I'll (~'tn[lillil'd lrum nu-rtlruutmeu in <':(111\'Oy~ and tile pllo[ IJ.IIIr.:d out or ]I('i1dcll lot neruest land alter lie hud I IJiI!,d II nIT ,(I1I1~'kil1l.!. C~'rrJHIlI LHlIIl]!el ~ fir pdl'l'ol planes. 'I'hls ploml' Is \ (,II 1.1II,\\'tl [I) ItI,ll! \JllI'slIId [1.1' Axis. II 1\'('lglrs 6,M)(J pnuuds, llies 302 mph (I( lG,,11l0 'I. lIud CHn dim)) 2 (lOP 1','1'1 'I flill ',II II', Flght.,p, l,lIl ~ !!Ul.lS ur ';111111111,

ur

BARRACUDA
The newest British torpedo plane is the Fairev 13117'1'11a monoplune le;;LllU'.,d hy its lIIjll~lInlly llig:11 lail l'lt'vator surface ridtng alllwSi .1,1Iii, llll' "f Iht IlIiI lin. II 1m" a long low greenlHllIsc ILUd windows in tho luscl.ure hnl lnu:

cutla,

Iloyce Merlin engine, developing ] ,260 lip. ill ~,j'5f1 Ft 11 Las u fi9 It. wingspread and is n9 It, Inn,1!. ('.""ws lwo 1'1 three men H1dII bnmb Inl111 Ill' III ::!,OOO IJ,~, It hils ,J lll.l\i DlUIU speed 1.1[2-15 mph.al critloul ullillul.,. '\11 r-nrhur IIIW!d
luis

for better

visibillty.

Til ~

B!JI'/'(lWda

is (1O\I'f"I'l"d hj

a fluJ\!<

lwth'l' [11'1111~' sl\1\\'('1 .unl more vulnerable Albacore wH h its rixud Iallding ,l!par :1IIr1 1 ,065-11P engin and is gh hi!!: .111 "\I'(~I1r-lit "('('ll1ml III il,.,]I,

l'umlU.!lC.'cntings.

h .. en

'lu!'pl;Ulh'll

I y .L U'L'Wt11 The: B(lf'IrlC'II'/('

rm ,d,·1 ~h iut!

Icpl,if'ed

22

,,
AMERICAN AIRCRAFT
9j·ith shortage FLErlT AIR ARM started (he warbad a be ~i\"m planes because all priorities
to

of
LO

.

Royal Air Force ro fight (be German Lldu~·dffe.Whilt ehe Barde of Britain was going on, FAA wok what it could in the way of planes already on hand, bought some from the United SLates IiOc! turned out it sterling job on aU sea &onts-Arbl'uic. Medlterranean and

North Sea.
Theaneiquared old planes with which. it had [0 dQ its work in opening: yt'.ars of the war DOW have been replaced by faster. mere deadly cran.. ,Fou£ of ibese are adaptaricns cf the best the . S. Nnv}' has (0 offerCorsair,lleUctlt. ~f/ild~dfami ,I.!vlmgc1·. Men to fly these are sent tlJ Uniceu States and traiued at SquaotuH'l, Grosse He, Quonset Point, Pensacola, New York and oshen naval air stasions. fAA also bas 11. strong liee[ of

WALRUS'
'thili Sl111ernJ.lrimr WlIlru.\· '1IIll~hihiao single-engfne L)I).d was used flU I'll' ill tlre war fOJ recnnrudssenee

tLyiug:
trOtH

carriers

which participates

ill all vital

en ucrions,

lutLt(IDIltlps and erutsers. It was elJwpped with a Hat-sided, single step bull and £QllHng Wi11gll. Its a-cylinder Bristol Pegasus radial afr-eeeled engine wove 1\ Ieur-blade pusher JJTQP~Uer developing ouout7.()O hp and a cru.i~;jllg speed 00 knots, with 11 maxlmum speed of tll,)l}wxiutaLcly 130 kouts. whkh i~slow judged Irorn toduv's speed stnndnrd«.

or

UNITED STATES TURNED DYE'R THESE FOUR PLANES TO BRITISH

CORSAIR
\lVeMng Lhe lll.llrs.-l<ye iwngliJu of Fleet Air Arm; the well-known Ccmtlir is used by sl"J.tJadn~l1'" ttltioed in tltb countty Ip Ily lhts :;paedy and ueauly pkuie, Digger Wld more powerful than {IuythiGg FAA 11:15 useel heeetofere, the gull-« ingcd figllttlr is 1i';;o.'Pecteu to see extensive service as tlll~ ':i'w a:l' sea PI·OIP·t·!>'e..~. tii:uce FAA operates shlpboard pluues QuI>" it is dcstmcd to l1y r rom d <leks of B l'itill'1 '·ttrl'isrs.

WILDCAT

First Arneriean plane to be put to extensive use by Fleet Ail' Ann was the Grumman F4F. Because uf armament und ~'PcwdJ llle Briu~11 dubbed it "the flilly barrel the J".4-/twaUe did not like IT) see rolled out," Its v\'rit;ht Cue/one mditU cngiu6 wilh 1,.200 hp gives it a. speed of 330 mph at W,500 It, Tit" Wlltlnrl curne It! (1<(:British under ICIlII-I,msl' nne! Slll1n jJI'OI'f'flltsell' successfnl ln rneeting Am Inml-hll,lied airplanes,

HELLCAT
When the new Gr1ll"'I'l.m.mlIf!lkllt mime out a number were h'tll11'lCcI'Tedto the BriUsh uu/Jur lew.l·feObe. and men training in this country lIIldCT the banner of the Unloa Jack ¢Ire using thf~ nne carrier-h~ll\ed plane <llung \\ ilh ot1~er jUnE·rienn lypes, In [he Sonlh P:H~ill{' the FBIi' has lIfQH'IJ bad. news wherever it lias b~1iI1 used against' the japanese, heing heavier armed nod ftU:l'er than till:! baHIa-tOed. F4F.

AVENGER

Origillallr the Bril:bh named tile TifF the Tl.lf])(}(! to avult1 cvnfw;ion wiLn Illcir carrier called Aoellg6T. but have now adopted the U. S. version, Sinee the THE' fs probably the world's best torpedo plau~ the BriUst. have been glu~ to add number» lo thelr carrier. forces. TIle big alrcralt also ean be used as a bomber, scout and .for SIJJ parrol from land bases, It lra.. a 54-[."01 wil1gspl'f'lld. 270-I!lpL speed. s '23

ROYAL NAVY FLIERS TRAIN IN T
BRITISH LEARN TO FLY AMERICAN AIRCRAfT AT TRAINING STATIONS
Iliers a~' tnline(.~ nlungsldc at U. S. l111.Val utr statums. Following a iliscjl?liuury and indo trtnution period in the 11Hed Kingdom uS naval airmen, second elass, they an: sent to flAP Personnel Depot, Moncton, New Brunswick, to awuil transfer to the United Stutes, As acting: leading uinneu .• J\uY[ll Navy trainees undergo pdrnary Instruotiun at XAS, 'l'OSSC Ile. Ou completion of this
euch 1)'111.: aud rnchviduul

u. S.
or

L lh~

T

Aut;Ii:,l'llll\lm~l1>"'.1 Boyul NOIVY

men~';,an xiuutcrpurts

suitability of' students, I'orpedo trafnecs gP III :I-IA~> Flo Lauderdale, dive ui)1l1btlfJ.! Itl :"A~, Vern 13 Hl'U. WJU lighters t\) NAJ;, Miami, These phuscs CUlHplete the h'aiullll£ under J. S. _ a v)' supervision. Pilots U1I11 1 gil ttl Nil. 738 Ifro. it' Squudruu, hkJ;.Il~ I \~1 r>A • Lewiston. This squudron i~ ·taffeJ by lU>l lnstructors aud manned by fI,.... personnel, Here pilots receive <1 course designed to teacb them nny d.iIFerences that may exist between UN WlU lJ~ lIight procedure. his terminates the indlvtdual training. al1 which has been carried nul in . S. type alreral], .Pllots then muy go to the ulted Kingdom to squadrons forming there wuh U, S. type ai.rcl':lltj to No. 73.2 RN Air quadron, an operudounl Iraining unit which traInS £ighler pilots as reserves

three-month period. tiler mov e to I\J~ 1'r., Peusucola, £01 fllterm diute Iraining. They speud approxlmately foUl months ill fonuatiQD. instrument nnd advanced training.

For first line squadrons equipped with U. S. lype aircraft, 01' to JtN fighter, torpedo or dive bomber 'quach'om; Conning in We Urulcd Stales lor service in aircraft carriers of the u three-mouth pedllu uf lUlit txail1illg, as "working-up." Fighrm." and divebomber iquadroas work-up at NAS. Brunswick, lind lorpel.l0 ~qU(lJJ'ODS tIl ).,A'. quantum. Aller lhis working-up pariml squadrous Ire fuJly operational and return to the nitecl Kinglio1D ill eve' built in the ,S, noyul Navy students in primary, lnterrncdiate and operntion.l1 tnJitlllg .in the Uni\:t:,d Stutes ure, lor PUJ1'dsesu'J iutarnnl adrntnistratinu, dis~'ipline ami Iustructlou, entirel}! commonly known
under
Hoot.

ch~llging

&01;0

one satellite station

()f N

're to anuther [or

Squadrons undergo

all q\lalifying surdents UI e ool1lmi sioned in the ranks of temporary midshtpmen (, ) ~. temporary acting sub-Iteurenant (A) HNVR, or ternpomry sub-lisutenunt t:\) RNVR, depending OIl It ru. Students who are suitable pilot but uusultable ofllcer III IleNl are returned to the United lCingdonn to complete: }Ji1ut
Iruiniug.

difFen:nt phases of msl'fm;1 Ion, As th~y euler advanced training,

Students Ire seler.. ed for specialized (jghrer, torpedo or l div bomber training, according to pilut r quhnmsats for

his

~l.Irr.

the

. S. Navy

COI11IllHll(,Hng

officer of the station
>~

und

senim Rl'itilih nlRC'('Tserv

III ;til lid isof.

C,ll

uclt~

IleT U. 5.

NAVA,L

AllI 5.TATlO"S

24

.. ,\1 'AS, E .. CE~"TUo-Pll1lu, Iii· fiu'lllHI"!' dog, hi}s clAim to beiLl£! the !I:,1t{",,1 ~,,"itJl' on tile slauun. Personnel cluirn 11 Jln M:'f.'11 duty here 11111 month and w ~ ()rig- MWo'-""" lnal I tit property.o ( II l'(lr12OI1\1 who shanghaied him just 1]11tside l'11e north gate. He l~
all luveterate plll\~ .s uger (in th.· fh., b"uclt <luJ u ueruls iUe~~ teguJarl~' III

free ao()c;s~to the resmetecl DTI1IU, while the blue badg~ lhnfts the mev \111 'nts of thewearers to non-liight line areas, Em-:h demlrtnlcllt head i supplied WRit fl. small nl,lnlher of temponuy bllclge' C)f beth eo tors whlch prol Id t mpnrury admtnanoe to been provid d two s ts 0' visitors' badges tn Issue at Ms dr~eretlou. nother advantage of this hadge system is that personnel OJ] commuted rations has ifltmUfying dota ill Luge clear letters upon the bad!!.'e for easy check by the com, Ini,m,ry department, All iliidges are re.. qIl1.l'Q<;l il be worn by nil cnlieted p~()n' rei t at all times \'1..hUe on this station. l'hay TC nor \ om oR I hI' <tlolI!Jh 11m do tl "'~ act as a p!l!>'S in or alit the gil te,

Hl-t'COSiUY to pull tile lil,girr("s IIn!::k III ],000 rpm. The gunner was orlli:ted to I shoot at the line. The or,li;!r ''''<15 carrted uut, thr line s vered hy gun Ill' , 3.IlU the pm;sihilitr of II seri u.~lie: .td.mt was averted,

was

the reslTicwd

are.

The

ODD

abo

h3.5

s ecLif1!1s completely formal inspection.

music than meees UI . eu.r~ fur u Chllllg .. tIl
upset
1111 impressive

... MCAS,

C1l.ERlW PmNT-Thcro's

I1lUI

tv

nn'R'i 11,,11 ,,;11.

II..., rest Qfl h

·1111\," hnuurls,

a IJII,L'

pressed, pflli~hed. and !ibmdiug at rigid atten t:ion. ti.1Ti n g chords tlf martilli musk,

Mure

tlmu

1,000

Li""lhN'necks

were

filled the air l1S the r.olrm€'i and hls in1o'pect.lllg pnrty started down the line . Salutes were rendered. heels Were elf keel Right and Iplt flwes were maneuvered Witll snap and preci ion. platoon lifter platoon receiv hi oflici!li OK. 'il..h 11 the glt>zy of pl:Tfec military ... AS, N Il L-'l.N-A wrmdl'n smlchlfe iO' bearing, tho colonel approached til. bigb_ wbioh wiJ) SE'l'V !IS a day pigeon Women RI'$1m'''. lit> returned II SJ:\1\J1lI>, ....l\TWT, Wli'S LAF \~-PurdlJe't> ~ll moti"!. has been erected on the. staund slarterl ~"'?)";.;,,~ '. II:> Na..'y-WT Flight Instructor School boasts lion's rifle fl'I "g("~ 'Benco tl, the tower a ~ll1t 'U~",'I = a.n outs!anding so.fcZY record. Stalistit.'S power driven turret mounts 0 stngle bnrrel towards the plntoou when sudhom January J throug.h Ocrfahcr 22 show J.2..gauge !ih"t G1111 fnr nrclnn DCIl training. del1iy he ~torrJlt1d. ~,;F ~ _ ...... It luml of 25,103 llOMS nown with 110 The mfnir1g device, \;Ised freqnently In free music had ~ -?--injlUJ' to personnel, For stal:[.<1tical el\~OIl~. gtJlIDOry praettee, will simulate actual <--'{Im- The r completely .,.. the C.\A fili!i,t\res tlllH rill da.mage to !l.Q'hat CI'Inditiflll~ in wllit)h £light larg_et." art' !tOile berserk, BI.tHlltll'1» era.ft. however Bllght, be reported as an tIll! nbjcctiVe. pourin oul of the :tceident. TI,I.L~, ·brtl.'.hc-d all crow all" J ud sl:IOOk<'Tcame llw ....J..u ......... & d:mgged wings ace---Quotor the tom) of 13 f "Pistyi P"C~!lI' ~(i1l11a." 'he ... NAS. HtTT(lrwM"'~-TI! 'r is Mlblng mishaps whid.l ordlnerily would be classed gJed with his dlgnit . Th Wom loodlhi-l'sty in th appearanee ol sailors s "Incidents" at naVlla air ~tations. at lhiN ~H\Lifltl 3S th v nlldle about tTl!' stifled theu giggles, 'c('dlclI-s In sa '. The we thennltn wus e:o;ceptionoUy gll(Jll wn's e;~ClI.pt'r) I)eJ;!lioJl Uiu~ Jay, ill w rkbcl1!ilr wi 11 fi] II" wh tstf)ne5. 511t to Purdue's budding aviatots through the Ihe article ther are mnking is flmmgh to summer and F811mf'mth~. The reeorrl ~11n" send cold chill U[1 the hack of .n.)' lap. nny dO}' was "-flynblE>" fi-n1Jl May 19 .,..1 AS DAJ..t..I\s~Sentry dogs. with Ihe ft'sa leng-blade hunting knife., g1ellll)iI,g through 0 b!I'er 28. ""bile on a few DCo. S. Coast G~lard St'ntrie& are UC'lW be!.lIg rmUOIIS HJgl1t at Purdue was grounded. 00 and 'moo"!' ~hAIP' used to patrol n number (If posts at lhls A score of men nl' Ihe si'dtion 1rave 1119( ttl stnt10n wIlli \IN)' Sliti~ructDl'Y r(.~l1lts, Till'! day W:lS called unfit forsome sort nfHymg their own sheath knives in SPIl ~I>' time tluU doJ.t~ arc particulnrly effective on pa!<ts under CAl\. muliards. others are folluwing _ which TotJuire the patrolling Mea; in th if (')( mpk" Some ....NPF . '",'. AL~"l"s-l'lte blf>sl ofFic~ ),ru whioh thllrtt IS enlv ., small atJ'\nl.mt of RnnUy given up on a letter wriiten lll'<t use auto sprln,q leaves pedestrian or "ellicl~ I-nlffi,~ Sf' Clil}minfill 11ndf>1;, wlli1i' December by a cadet stationed here, After ing IS heillg given lIn· oJn:;;. so th 'y nmy others pn~£f!"rold fIles ~ (lhnmng th • ddressee, nlsu in Ihe service, be used to attack. Til v wore recei ed or lJ'l~ch"r kuif,·.: '0 W eve the world, ~lsbll antherities confr rn Wn.r Dog Re(,I~f.llion·& Tra 1JJing 'IIllhldfls TJle ICing .... iI~ cluded that 19 furw:u:dhlg addresses were ters at Fort R()11,ill~!1l1, NehrasKa, and Sail knives have leather handles, with end Cnrlns GnJ!famia, enough, plllws h.duo1'lml hom br:1 S or ~.o;t ow tb t the letter hns ht!en rt.'turned nlu.minum ~".Jliclt thE' sailDrS sort lJut of bera, l:he post offici' mllst Bl:::U1; lCJOH,ttl'g .... ATe.. PI',N. 1I(.:r)j~-Tf YOII hIlI'£' ncj\luk yards, in neil¥hhurlnr.t tOWJlS. Thl' for lhe wdlro:,who \Velll frem lle.re lu cD.l'llln to visit WhiHng FiflJd by niT. wke Llvermore and is prql:mb1r ~ (:ommissillrlecl Ilnls,herl l..triIt· l(lnk..~ Hkc II FodOr) mo<i!·L some. good advice, park your plnne \,,!;II Cold sWeJ hu.'1 rts place 'in baUle !Ilia olficer by now. cleat <If tho 11m !tide iI i" El r,emn groyt', NA,~~l1.il"'r~. lUll'll' of whom are a':pcclillg and tll1nIlJU flrl!!e. H, \!n lr.'(s ytln do, V('IlJ'tc ... NAS. rAsco.-Now in OJ'! fation hm'c is st1l. ant)' before le,ng, art· "",eU aWlIrl" of apt to walk home, Hlat 'act. -[11e)' 3ho know II knife has ~ a b<l,]g(l stern ,,,hi ..h seeks to keep the n!'cl'l,ll~' n l!ighl or pbUltlj; ldl allRf~Y IClt of mnre -pen (.'lIble llses. !light line cleor of UDllU.thOriz.ecl personnel Fit·ld for lll," P'urpllSI' uf felT) ing 12 ),l>(~'~ tmd visitor S ,",'ell liS prCl\'idiug !leu t to qtla~lron 3 nt 'Ii 1,itiug. Foll(Jwhtl! tI security for St.'\til U I1ltltMe.l, The Slatton ....B.l ''''I'HON S3. P_",.w.c blimp -f1'(,'ffI li\etv of the flircrllft, the- ferr)' pilots r ~ Ita b~n dlvitled into t\VQ areas, one { this sqw),Uron has the remedy fo( a tllmcu tl' tlJeir lldd whill' the fiip;l1t Cornwhieh Is fe$WcleJ In pcrs('PlItu·1 hlwing (Illngling line. Wh:il~ crnistng along on 11 mantll'T nISI, In 011 S'""". r('!Ll'ai"~d jl' r ttl official du ties there. rtluHu(' patrol. lUI of th~ tonI! IiUl,.'!l. willltmn'l1lrt offidn 1 ll\l);illes~. WIlen he rt" .Badg S o[ two dillfU'cn! LOqh~fS ~vtUl out Wllming or apparent CO\l;1.I, C~ITPr.l ut o I:n.med tl1 the fllljt}, Hae.no I hnl'I Inter," t j;l]j(lto idel1!i.llcntioll, !uunlC', serial r;wmbM', of its holder and uUTlgJed Its h,]1 len~tll co"l(ln't Rt'lll hl~ 1,IArI\" A rml1lic ~pru:eh lind department have been i.<:'1!<ldo "II Clllt of 12.'3". Tllere was inllllClllalo.' dotlg~r of uwe.a!erl in hill (]l~ny tJ1nt '111 efficient listed perspnne.l. A yellow Illidge dlmotf'$ iIII! line \l1l1:a I1gl 11, gin the prop 11M'S so it Sglillchon 8 paml c.rew had obtitefatm:l his ....NATe. (;UIWL...... Q,m15 I'L~ The Ali!;~1, Tex., allPorl has "jojl!~d" the '\Iv)' f\ll the duration and six monUls. '11u! cit~ lensed ib; ,,800,000 alrport t the la\. fttr l.hal period lim, }\"l' will US" tile airport as an 3n:rilinI)' 1nm1illg fie1t1.

or

u

if: .'.._,..~

ann

or

an

26

plane',

,;q'lildroli
:;

Ilumbt:r

and

llrr

uted

111,

II J)ll\llldroll

Ihe· IS alikeillH1eir IWW paint Ioh, Virlllllr, 1.1)' JlIlJming his squadron :md learning tht-: IlU(W'lli number. lie ltn'<lll'u Ilis plauu

But his' erncs

WI.m:~II·t over, Whioh 01 ~NV'~ \\..1, hl~:' Till', all lo ,k 'll

number.

1("~~(' TAtJ(S
Ii, - 1 d TIlE Pun.Jl' PI"llS J,!I 011 e _l> f ) 1Ip!lJ1'!; • lead
ing enm pu~et'S has completed I\l> n "present" JQr the new I'illdtlvoncletlt P!lilippiutl! gil venunenl lin opera, ltClj¢rmw RtMafti. cleptcling the uulorflo.'er. dissnlt. ..lied with tilL' Qpet BulJrojl!l composed the uew stress "Ihe A.<iatj racial spirit,"

complicated. The enemy who \V\lS deft'~IWd I~l the L gWnlng is, 111 I~M of tllf' TlI.:lulI:::'S If U.lf cOllquered te.rritor)" trylJlg (0 overwhelm our nation. The f,lnwny i

~

Illi

-To J A1W: "Th prexent

WiU'

situatinn

is very

and ~

OI'eJ:L'(WllUg mallY Ji.fIlcl1Itks and dangers the War is 'rrowing in intensity."

II> AS, I ElY YOOK:- The- stork, oldest illJe! mes] reliable delivery service knowu la III !LD, Ilil~ II 1TI0 (JerI! nan'e511k~ :d t bh. statiun,
IllUl

has

stepped

lip

,l(litH'rJI"S

1.n1'

fu.1 life- of a li'iBllillO heroine,"

1ft III IJhno~t \lulwli'''''1111c prllportiOtl~. "The Ra}'~1 Orut'X' of lloe l:reamlit,I;'U tork," lir t conWl\cd at Floyd Bennett Field, j~ the honer saciel>' for lL.e pHrol of the . ratton's Ferry Dlvisfou. lis membe huve mude safe delivery trips totaling :-,!;eO,5UQ miles, which is mere than 225 ames around tJ.t!l world, til lhl' HI} "end)' room bangs the "Glory RIll1Td," I last CUWII it llsted the names [)f [,If! men who have compleled at 1t'!'Ist /i!'1! ~aft' d llveries of 2,700 1l1I!t,!;: ach, e urue of lilt> piluls HsLt,tJ have f.atTieJ planes llist,ulcc of 6'1,500 mlles, To 1,;'1\ hi" nnme and II set If golden wings "'ntlned on the "Clory Boord ,. a pi! It mu t have completed lin' \.lllits of umlanJag d dellvery. A dist:u,-cc> qlhll lu that from lew York to 'In Dieglt i~ consid red II uuit and Bve units total 13.500

air

The cnrnlailm'lre
00E\J-a to

admirals, t.';11I1l1y (1111i1lWiling silence, are waoohing the llnemy. S1Ieh Americau boas as p(me-s~iug ever 8110 eomba tant ship , if meant to Wllal:en japanese morale, are utterly futlle. Such stu temen lIi 0 nly serve to sum ula te Jup~uese derermination to crush the l-tlilei;! Stales,"
~ ;'JapUI'ICSi'

Ii -

0

EAs-r

\SIA

~ 'J'h~ Jllf,ll;lullse lumber industry, purtieularly that part cle-.<lUlg wilh tIm procs~ing of U eh lind hfrC'hwoo J, , 1;0 h giVt'll "lll_:Ct!~s til all kinds Ql equipment and capita] ttl meet tl1t! demand of' til IllItil)II fUt lit WCT moe ( PWdllctloll of wIlIJ(itm nJT("l'1lft"

-To

ASIA

ti
~.

-T o

!QH'I'.H

IU1ETUCA.

Pueille is

fflcf'd with the- "dtlen 111111" o[ dn'llbiJlIl betw ell "bwo IlflUtuly dtlLlgetIIl''IV

The

Allied

LHo;eh Command

iu tlre

ons" euurses-e-lo "abandon Its military Iorces" (UI the remote Paeill i~IMltl~ or "come to their rescue,' If the JUU(\T course is r-hnscn, it is "Inevitable (l'IlL LI, ,10 ses iu the Plldl! will be- ill'n>'l~t"d."

Dead Re,ckoning Problem

fi
~

-To

THE

,

miles,

For

ench nddltio[mI
the

fi~'e units
piillt

nnuther ,,-,t nf wing" Upon ~lllllllJ!dhll1 ~f :!5 units a streamlined sterk Is rlll{,(lil nu the "Clut'}, BlJruu" 1I[i,mg,jue till' l)il"\'$ IouI' ~N$ of wings, Tlris is repI'utetl for ndUlli"tIl~1 units or J..h\""ry·.

d:1111(lg('U dl·lh'cr~',

is HWl1fdl'( I

Df lin-

13rltllilJ 122,()()O cusnulties (lllrir<~ the past two years, as IIga!lISt Japanese- [ s ~ of 159.000 kUl"d and wnu nded, -ll J 3t1ilneSe uonnnunlrjce reports. Tokyo also says that till' ~Jliel!l lost a tpu,1 of ))4 w(lt~hips and tralwpDI'ls in the \~'llh~fS, p[f BOllguii rville in Ie s thnrr .Jo drrys.

The U.•.

1m.' suflere-d

217,UIIO

~tnd

,
i\I 1-J·t{I your 0 211 l~ luuncli ,.]
1""111 ll'l' IlII 111(11' ill LuL 22 -30' ',U/Ilg. .,j0' '.'V. on c-tmfS(> 130'" . Pt'l.r1 fln k to seon l

-

-Tu

TIlE

T"ky(,

So
lhal

fHWlI"

FA

1I11C

<1IT110I11Ul(>S

,. \fj\S, ~h,1>fflll!S-" HU I:;Xl11'ti'III"'14 iI$pho 1\ cird", have been ill"lillle!! on three grtll s Sakh tu r<'plce circles .. f lime IPtl!o,d
Oil I:h

ers- f-\\':,t
llf\l'W:>

ss :

~ht'lperimeter of the drclt! \\/U., Inkl \\IJI1. asphalt wide and 2" deep, plLilltt:-ti wll" while lnlm~· naiul, lJw~,itlill&a pertnuuent nlil1ku(g, CirL·les nrll visibl .. hmll " grefllf'r

turf.

Under UtI.' pr

ent l',xvl,rinleut

au

:v

distance

other

and
~~S

Ih,ld~ will be processed In tile

results

,'1]'0;:

""

i1H.: e~Srl11 thu t c

-SAl1I • rua rmer.

u g('o~rolllhk S ctor Irum 040 to 060' ,tLlt! IIt'!UITI ul non, Your true ail' speed is 125 k, wind is I rom 251.)', loroe 22 k. V.I dn tlon (," E. pressure ~\ltit1,tl ~llOr1 flo tcruperature (+ 1 '"
Rl>qulre!:l:

i()lJt·d 'In the 'Hin marl, hour' prngrarn are ellUtled to reeetv letters uiredt Irom their families, relatives, "lid fri1'i,tb. 11' addr sed eare 'I( "Hinuuuiru h0111': Hndlo Tokyo. Ali soon as sucl, 1 tt rs nn- received. the 'Hjllllman.t hour' will rend I"<pl i,'s 1l'(ltrI the Jlrj~oUets I'M tl,eir fn.mil ies.'

lIn' men

hiJl>f

dnring its prlson"HlI lWf!{IluCII; WfH!KI'

l'l!
~
rend r

lUI- (1.

S.

.. N , P"-'<!>A(;oLA-Aft'il' c~ml\krIlL]P difti III t" with lrll1dinm; after ht"~V)' min' tbat iJu()deci tile hmding IIlilt. II squlltirllil lit CGrry Field vuJ cd I-w sollllj('lt,,~. Ffr;l.

I. Mosn",i. heoding
2.

hi I_g 2nd

'''-9

3.d

' '9
.

"Japan.

('If tile

tI,jJlJ11

U. S •.

1110 tlJl('onditiolllil surwill ~trlp her ()[ fill

a mIll? llf the bUlIJ",,? mat was prepnlccJ II w lug 1ll)O,llltll a.ren!< tlud im1i(';!ltiug ,1:111 gt'f spu . lifter If <1\ Y rain the 5111H1tJrnl. dllt,· officer inspe~ts dm1gt:r .lreas ;\IId ['1'('ertl1in& Itll\'isohilih' or ~",,"rIF,'rt!llg lh1' Ilcld. rile sllClln(l ~oJl!linll WliS -Lv ~khI~I' ~II.I. stllf\"lli:s tn land with !laps up after n ht',l\Y d1-'i!lge-, "i\'ilh UQPS duwlI, .ddl'H ~1'!'lL\"" (I f '\\ I tl:'l' agillhla f t It'TII te rllltui IH t urn IIIt'

3. Predid ..d
g,,,,,nd speOKl. c:atJn..,

Co.......

.

, ....•••••.•.•..
.., ••• , ••.

'

she sl!JII;: £rom the Ameriaun Japan would b roagnaniml lls ~n!lugJl to allow hel' tIl 13
til;;> [;;>rril<ll")'

TI1Jians. orlgfnru

IlnW8\'er.

4. Miles on

were colonized for he purpose rl'-ligiou. tTI>edrun.»

Cnlo1l1 ,1Ill' "r!ll1ter ty.Jrt uf which

or enjoying

.5.

Mln"t~

6. Dlrect,ion

on leg

or

If!c - Tu EA.!i'l' Jfi' Thill gOY

r1lll't;veinove,m .. nl

l'Iirptun<:' On,:-,' on irs back.
.. .!3"IMI lit)",

At 1625 ~'lbm~Tillc t~ Sigllfed d ·nd ahead, t!Stillllltru 5 mil.'~
"Wit

of In [mil re)lUrlN nn mcrl?~ in Jap!tn's "~plendid birth rnte iII III l' pta IUllged wa 1''' It n tl 'MUll:!l tlta t "U 11" .1'~I.)iln of lW yoots TleMI' will easily pOSSI"-S$ undi~closl1d millions of a.ble-bodied m ,no

A~M 'rrllllnnl

511

,II

ruliso1«~('d milljon.~. with
of the (Jue hill/(m

he

(On,

I t,

ATL\:NTlG-O\'t!m!1s

ba,"

llnifunl,'u,f-lhe-ull frw IIIIOnl .. r 11 W ellIs.o; for officers of tins 1:{\11J1IlJ.U1J, will. tll(-' pillJt!' slri[1pll1~ a 1",1 & Whi\w'y III MO· T1 engine. HfWl ,wm tu dllll' the section whlch re;_L~ljt'Tnl.1cd t]lP l'mgml:l nne! fOlmd 0111)' p,\I:ts left 0"1.1:. 1'1'I(}/esf ,~oare.. the setltion wbil:ll Tl'IIS~emblcrl it nng left nut tlw mnir, b..ro.rmg.
heen

\~'hal

Il(1!UlIml

sllould

Ill'
.

Cc-

purt{'u? 7. l.eI"
lo .. S· (A ... """ .. Qn poga

"
39)

,.,"

n~e

A:;i(~ ,VU1h.we consolidateu an itwincibl structure m m<lllptlWer re.~nllr~:· TIlil report ~ajd UUlt in the Tokyo metropolitan IlrOli n[tllle "th~ Te telL~ (If t11("l!;al1rl~(If pregnant W{I,mell who aTe a\\~)_iti'lg tlw happy event," Of thc decretts in h,funl d(\'fJlll , the- It'lx,r\ said "we n1)trvd !II tilt' ~trcnglh of nl!~Yl1mn:ttloio> ra~'e,"

npf'rtltitln

of Greatet'

E!asl

27

12-WEEK

REVIEWI

AVAl AVIATI N IS GlORA
shown by the words 01 Admiral W. irnltx, 'nmmml(kr-w-ChieJ. P:ll'iiic Pleet, when he said the invllSio.u u£ til Gill> rtf; open d "another road W TOKYo. " ?vleal11while. !-.IiU, J.,luH .uld Maloelap uud other tnrgel:s in the Mmshnll Islnnd group iI.11 e been dltitcci 11)' Navy and \111:JY r11 '1'£ in .1 t't)ntlnuHlillli Ill' the nerial assuults agllinst J;Jp pu~itiOrlS, Pl1,wlflil til!; k force- hl:\~t d K II j:llejll Imcl \Votic atolls.
[ap l;lIIdiug stril}S Into IIi cl uas s, 'The imp 11lUI , "I th is pusition

rhe GUllett DI' 'I urawn,

Hllist Allied Rags. Tile L, S, .uid linli~lJ fings were misted simulbu ll'oLl:lly over

tstnnds

fnl.lnwing
are

tbe 'fall
Is hester

plnnes blasted important enemy ili.~t111I(1· lunrs IJII the 'is],111tl, elll'oulItt'rinJ': uuly meager reslstauee. Bt'udull.u(js h\i _"\) lied ground trrmps w re mude ut At"l \\ f' on l\ ew Britum utter preparator !JOll1burdment by naval ship' ,UIU uerial M~ hu.:ks a1QIIJ£ thl" W' i aiul !wlftll l'(}USl. Air action b}! AIHed units coutinued ~(jftBLllllg'\lp t:u:tk:. l)'h ';1 y HS6tlull.S
uu Ilahuul positiun un ;1UO uthar it1J111l111UI lOW Britain 11)lti'
:\

find

Seubces

cenvertin '

Invade New Britain.

Snrnc 01 Llie records estabiisllt't1 by lilt! IH(II'~' were: longest IJ\t:J -walei lJi'ght, Pnl11x-eII t· atal, greatest ,IiI' emgl!. 3.5.00(1 lbs.: henviesl ImuJ 'Vel UFll.-il u~ .1 plane, I-J8, -0 J 111:;, g'1)~S OIl tuke-oll ll"CTUI Pruuxeut: .lougest nnn-stop c.lrgu l:ligllt.

Destroyer Lost.
Wl1S • 1Tl1ldLIIIIUgt.'U C'II1P

Jap

An American I litrnyUJ al\!1 a sm,d I (,<l.l.~tal r'I',IP:pllrl by J npunese L"nuhs, D l' uu her 2G. ns \Iadn<'~ were landed ill tlu GlmJ(!eliter areu 1111 New Bl'itnill ulrurult uud uuns WU~!!:tl

Elimll1ale Jap Ships.
tit
llil1king

suhmarine

Fill

EasL

mthmce,1 vessels hy action In rllt! I,'udlk: and Included Were Iwn hug,
ill

,1\:>

ol

f'igll t enemy

mWnlr defense
~ 1!'~ln\\

afl~'1' lask Iurce hile,
~il\'ll'llg,

posllluns. Iruland.

-

cllfl'i(,!,chllSOO

L,bu

IC~

Nl'1

.llLadkcJ.

J up

.ll

Targets. in Solomlllls.
('OtlWIUI'(}

the :p1rincipal ubjet,tt e Ul tho SolorlHJfls nreu with uttue],s by tUIY:,d task lnrces at ~l;!wlrrahl lUld to
bf'

BlIlIgllill\

m"

.iren

tnlllspcwtS. two Inrg tankers, tllr e medlum rl'cig;htt'J'!> nnd one small II' ·jghlut. During' the night .ol I.>oc"cmbol' lb. ,1

~Iri!lrin!! ill Ilu- luu bnl' sillkLlg n de~ll' IYt'l' utili twn t:lIr~CI vessel», a:lmllgi:lIg IL seeonr] destroyer, it pilL'rll) bout und

\ltaliull
horubod

Buy heuchhl:i!cl whit", j:, b~>ing: slowly c{pilild ,d, Other· poiJlL~ (III 11 ugl1.ill0 ville cu rue in rot lie rinl treutrnent.

Knlurls,

c II:;( of ~h' Empress

Augustn

"t .K wttjnlt:ill

~eU1'·11 (11<111' Fleet ,:Vlllg 2 Hud ~fl[ anr~ II 11I1'gOtrnnspcrt

or

't""~l'al :;nlllil cr:l 11, hi a .l1ri>lJlHI.!t 1110111jng rald. Navy 'af(i/iulf.\ Hud Ul>ol'(llm',\ had strutcd ~rc;. mid drlmll):(clU a .I;IJl gllTliln,l1 ill ,J Chrfsllf\,l$ eve .tfillt'k 1111

tIle' 11 !I'IIM area,

Task force Strikes, Vlll'iug :I dadll' l'uitl L1ul carried the t.frcllsivt' J 00 J1J lles west 111 ~jJbc:rls. 1'1 uuvul lao k force strurk III lh islaml (Jf .• urru. .urdcl

ur

Historic Flight. Tlw I\'UI'Y\ IIOW giunl cargo flving bout Mru'~ made its fil'lit oper!ttion:11 Iltglrt, ' hlillering all o;d,'lliflg rt'l("'!)nb lur curgr, !nlll''llnri<llfwl lilld over-wafer flight with n ,l,375-mjte
l1\m-5t~)p hop {Tom Patuxent

Sc~arnharSI SUhh,
buttlcshtp

chamhon« vl'wnmnk on nr'~ ~'t.:1lI111!\, :!(l ill a tJ:l~ I{llig hallie will: LJ.~I.S, /J/lk{> Il{ 1ol"k allti u t rllTl' (II ]{ov;11 Navv crui ets aru] df;i~1lJ v~s 111 r
t'UIJ)1

1.{~m1;Jnv·~ 2.!l,!I()(),UJII

Hlv 'I', Md ,

II,,: An·til' (
1';1111(' 011t of

til \I.1tnl. Brnzi), ,UII! return II ip I(I hast ,

when l lu- r\';l1.i IHld,'! hiJilH~ lCl ururck ,1 {'(Ill\'OV,

DAMAGE

lU

jap

iustalladons

is indicated

null 10 November.

A photo

reCOl111aisSlIr:LCC

in (his recono lh ance photo uf Buka airfield fiich was hauereu 10 a carr icr t~ 'k rur<~1! squadrun made til,. anuorarions in [he field. Nore the P_B4Y ~h.OWIl at upper right

SEABEES

celebrated

'hgbffng wUJlkers' puild

second 1I-I)niversary on December and rebuild baJ;CS n road

28. These
l'

ESSEX

class

cureiers

Tokyo

hitting task Cl)~('e ehac struck

with screenlng of fightIng shlps rorm hard Makin, the Marshalls and Nauru

At;; I

I)FFICEflS

PREPAllE

MII,TEII.AJ.

FDA BIUE,FlNO

PILOTS

"NO CPEW

EFOP£. MISSIONI

INTEIIVIEW

TMEM

FDA COI\'l8"T

INFORMjI,TION

UPON ~URN

BATL
accomplishment of N vy's ACl School at Quonset Puinl, Its lob Is lu tralu officers not merely to gathen Informuticn, but tu lum it eomp tenfly Into mtelljgerrce form and get it to the spot where it wlll do .mollt good. Every graduate is able to identify ships and planes (friend, foe, neutral) and. to roach pilots and ere'. s tu reeognue them instantly, a eurately. Be knows encmgh about their performance and. tadtics Lo give to commands explicit data DIn delects and possible improvement .... In our equipment, weak11 ss Ul~J SlT llglh of enemy planes,

EC DES AT QUDNS T
of
125
1:l\'Cl1

MINDS ARE GREASED TO MESH IN CATALOGUING COMBAT DOPE
tile T Ucn olfloers isat the two months
URNl1'<C OUT

Air Combat InlermaI

tLl!

leave nu doubt in tlie pilof:; mind aud 1111l' approach to lhe target, ~\S' well as' probable opposition and the way bnck with best odds fot ~afely. It is the ACI officer v Ito cs tbftt pilot and craw nre properly Instructed and 1]lupped in survival inlelligenee. To gi"il'e the pilut what he needs and get [rom pilot and Cocrew ull bot inIormarfun brought back Erm'n each mission, the A I oillee!' has brushed up OIl
,~IiOIV

tile Itiel"s normal lauguage, nullo heIlut'ncies, weaiher mysteries, plotting ho,ud's stury of the d~y's mwig",UolJ, commonplace things 01 plane routine. . or Sehool draws students mainly It' III the Indoctrlnatirm ·t:hool at Quonset. It has in each class -a groUl) of 'I trine and nuval I)fficers ~ele 'teu frpm Wi heit1g RUed .for this special grooming. All have I!;!md Nnlty records,

the service

700 officers have bet:.n g]'~uated from the school, WbJM mamtnins a fund of Infcrmation for visiting offcers. It has made eoutributlous ill recognition. pLltltograpbil,l interpretation, an ti-su bm arine warfare,
'Vlm

O

Jl

information On tacticall use. Cl officers are Slrivl'l> trained in reading and interpnHiUg 111ags, charts. ana aerial photogmphs. How clear the pilnts visiul, his target Is .. hen he sets out depends primarily on how com.petenl til ACI Qfficer Is in Iumislring accurate, understandable infonn tion, Mueh of tbis :is presented visually, TIlIl: ACT officer makes o\'erJay> that

to units permanently or tcml,orarliy sLationed at Quonset and to graduates

facilities, have b en made available

or

FLASH

QUIZ

IS

RECOGNITION

TRA-IIONG

AID

last two days or two months, The school hUli its library with unrestricted books of reneral and specific interest, charts, maps and magazines; it~ vault with Q fine collection of in~elligence material, Q(ll1fldentiru and restricted; un exhibition and :J war TOIlIn_

returning for refresher courses that may

30

LIGHT HOUSEKEEPING
(:1',01&11 (!lId} 20-oJd dU!/1i1l1 8M .. 1.'Ulmi 1,lJok ill ~tll'prkil'l!il!J gJltll1 ClJrul,I ion, I.~ I'J../I"I.lC'1 d [rum rl T",il.'I.ill i.IMWII iJl!
~OIJlmOlll\

0 A RAFT
planes circled. ami he taxied ~uw.u'd~ me. s sonn fill L ~U\,\ him I _P;ltltUt::d like 111;'11 ards tllC plane, and II LIJY tll\\ Innk me nbourd Ills crew W>11j scustck, b1JI tll· ray pilill decided it Wl-ci lou
l'uu)Jh tf) lak ofl. Th!)" gave me grlLP Imit juie and fri d lwo steaks tor m \0\ ilh liens, and made collee. T hu.gged
1'M,·

"W;.

went

liOLLOWING

{rtt~r

\OCUlJN'l'

14

(j

tHilJ/ who

.!~II (;omrmmd,

my emergency kit ami canteen 10 my chute straps, ~1l:JPl d my 'hllul lot SIT(lPS, op mold the cockpit cover, tun ed 011 my It-uuliug lights ,1Hd made " J]OWtll' h-\lIiliug \\1111 lull llups 'E IlAY ,U oeoo,.u'ew Zealand nnd wheels up, I he tatl hit <Iud lite f'lm on C01mi6 080 flew past at pJIIU' U(/S J over. r released III salety SOl) le t, turned I1Ucl circled me. J hell uuil [ust sort 01: dropped out jntu :s:elllu.phoreu the word ~EA.T" to them lln- water. Tile plane sunk ill «bout leu \\ ith HI)' l)adilll:!~ bu,d they dropped a seeuuds, I (lidll'l :'{cw Zeill,IIIU Ii -e j!wkel a1Joul 30 feel thlnk to turn the nwuy Irorn me, H contained a waterIt IU(Ue to op (OJ] tILe proof fhlsllliglil. five Hl1Y -ntergency turtle bOl,k mltdl r(ltiuns. 20 ruuruh oJ .45 cuLll> or amuud Jet the raft uul, tnunitkm, II canteen of hcsh water, n Il 'illl 1I1d have ·tainle$s steel mirror (JllY metal Wit' llOi=>Pf' l uut ..r when Was D) good uft 'f u da>, or two un ue1.11 pl,UtI;; sunk, but co unt (If the L"OI".J!1S iCHl) • slx lim; of iL didn't, chl)c.'oha aud smue 'ig_u_reltes; also 1.1 In In)' j ungh: hue k ery's pistol. n nrup with my po sirion puck 1 11.1(1 three cans of pemmican, two marked on it, an 1 the me S~Lg "GIJ~ld chocclat e lmrs u canteen of water, and luck. will saud help soon." ~ome- vlLulIlln' tTtbl~ts. In addition, I Two days passed and I h g,ID to los!:! had th regular plane tnnergcl1cy kit 01 hepe, because [ tllQugJrt r nrust hove cunteen, three ClUJ!; of pemmican, cue drlltod out ol tIle positien the. PEO reel coolale btlT, and malted milk tahll!l~. ported. Abemt 110(111, however, 1 saW 1 had lilY own canteen au my belt. a Iliree J')}\'-g approaohiug from the UQ,rlh.45, extra clip of arnmuniticn, knIfe. west, Two of them pus ed by, 1 silot unci tb rubb r nut [lack wilh chlorine my Very's pfst ] and the thiru ue saw lubes aud sea marker powderIII. All lhr e ol tll1m circled m 11'"11' I sh t. two birds. I W; d to ltmk~ II about uu how- and a half dropping Ilo~t Ash spear out III til birds' beaks, hill I lJ_gIIl:s. Thill waves were over len feel lIe\ el" Hnlshed it. The next dny a J up high and 1 didn't think they could land. VB passed 500 feet overhead on course Finij.Uy a PlIY pilot landed Ius plane 120'. I suw .1 ~h:uk-a-nd iL rained a Jjttl(l ~(lilll} Jislmll .. e away, He ~'I)(J!dn'l see s tlint day. An albatross carne and sat un me and 1 couldn't sec him, Tit ether III edge of the boat (or about four hnnrs, I slro ked Iris neck and tn lk .d [,1 him and he pecked at my hand. 1t ramed till that niglil .Iud 1 filled all mv .auteeos, usmg the sea anchcr tN 'Ht·h the'! rniu. Hain water, SOH -mow. ,Il,Jesn't q\!eIJ 'h our thirst, .hewevsr. 11 they would put some lemon erystals 01' ~(llT1e.tltillg til gtve it II lltll~ Ila\'m ill tIlt; crnergenl" rauous, It would be better. Se.vcra1 days Jater n hulf dozen big ~llrulc.s were 'with me all clay lung. 1 !<lhfll another albatross that appeared.
fU'"I)

I

uluu"l lose atlyl.hiug uud 1 munuged to nglu the beat without uny trouble. .1 thought lbal by t11i~ time J must liuve ddltcd near N.:w Ireland, 1 hwud allllthar COCODUt. It WIlS no good, but I 111ide a eup out uf it lor llllilillg 1I11~! sluring bird meat. Tile hinl meal wus more lender when k pt a whlle.

0,

lli

cr \ , 1 xiuldn'l glover
liv es tu
t.EG!) J'~Ol\ WEAK

how
nil'.

lhey

risk ,1 nil their
XCEPT

S~I\ (.

aud salt who s-pen t in his rail. was rOllnO to be in excellent 000 dil.iun, III IOllr d.},s I~e was dlscharged Irem 1I1~ lrospita], II· had avoided sunburn by ko 'piug M~ clothes 011 und cutting strips Irorn his 'ohuti which he put under his h lmer 1i0 tile hung ( v er his f,w'. Ile H(~() used the gl'Cl1S inlli"1 I:1Jc fll!Jau'l), as sunburn ointment. One 01" (he I'll ost unpurtnul reasnns Ior his good survivdl was that be' was thoroughly Iamillar WiLh all his survival gem" and hud given a gl'eat deal ul iJlOHghl beferehand to wlurt he woulcl dll _i[ he ev r weut !.lov.u, While ill Il'ullling his entb·c squadron unpacked and packed the 'chute pack and jungle pack. In RdullilJlJ, acb member mad lip a upplementary kit, putting into it Hools h thr nght would he useful. this E water sores, days more thalli 20
airman, OMMTiN7-Thc ~!1gge.'ti"n crystals rhnt mny he added to ruin wnrer uppears [(I have merit, BuAl!l'
"1l"AF.R, it> furnillh ...oulel be interested to lind out (rQm Q(.bers with SilJl1.1;lr ~pcriCJlc' whether t.f1~~'cO.I'I·

sider such

;]11

~ddjtiQn

to

th.. kits desirable,

l"Jilll'. I got .1 c uple fll £IyUlg Ash out of the albatross' gullet. Tha bird~s juices had !!tUfted til dig(Jst them but they still look d like 0:;11 ull .rlght: they wept! tender and pretty good. My canteen cup sllpped a\lt o[ my hand that (.h~' lil:I.d r lmrt It. The night WIlS chilly, 'rherte were ntOl'e-sha11.s the next (hIY· Shortly after uusk lilY bon! t'ap~ized. b'l'Ttveryt'hing was well tied on so I 31

aru3 speared

LL

fish wtth

111

she1'lHJ

Regul,afor Carbo,n Stacks
To Correct Unstable Voltage
Some Eclipse type 1260 and type 1305 regulater Utl1!.s.have been <Jell,· ered, witlJ uU.'llJUsi&:lmcy ~'a\bOIl stacks which result in unstable vcltuge regllIatica. The Dlal1ufaCLur~ is l:a~ aotion to replace l1m ,£-1071)45 stack with

"[I)

U~lf\l~tthe

lighl ..

11

f1r,~l must be

pllotl}grllpliW'S learn tbe teclnliquElS elf and the ~wlkhusscmblv mnved m the aerial rnappmg witlH,lut IC.•tyhlg the tlll'f'l't JOBS shnwu tll iIICI'~HSe Of dHO'£><lse gnllmd is one of the newest syothetic n~gk'of elevutlon lit ext~noJiJd posltion. tl'il.luing devlees new III use alilie all imP1"(W(!U ~htCt B~128203, Use uf N1Jv~LI Training Soheol. PhtJ<togrnphy, B~128203 staek is ue«esStlJ)', a lid J.;h(; NI.l' " Pensacola cooperalicn of ill uetivities coneemed nle uew trainer is being: \lsecl to give Lu ex:pl:oitc tL~ inl."OrportititHi oI If,~ J1rrrua"y aerial work to 0.11 students B~1282U3 stnck as scon as received fu undergoing tLe regular school enurse. all type 1260 und type J S05 H'8uhlvrs II consists: 01 three parts: 11 a outh n~(IHt·~ll>.ll Hureuu (If Aeronauttcs. hy down plane Fuselage suspended in an l1verhcau platfurru ill wuleli is irMo11ecl

11;!lJ[I}\cd Jroll1 the wing (JilU UU:: plug tliSf 'Iml Ii '{'l m.l L(I t~ttW(}JlL 1H.'('illt!uLal sIll wl ci rcuits, The control box cover is Hc"lIwl!(l!i {MlI! pL()u)), Tile tlxtel\.~iCll lhuil switciJ lndiug IiI.U'CW ls loosened

An Aerial Mapping Traine,r
Teaches 'Tilt,' 'Drift,' ICrab.biny'
NAS,
l?l:;N~<;;OU.-,A.il

aerlal

map-

ping trnfner ill which

Navy student

Reinforce Engine Hois·f's
Mcuines

a mapping

eameru

~Iml

Devise Strengthener

finder; 2J - a 11I1Itiu!l picture projeoter IOCl'Jed 011. a _plillform b~Jow the fusel
b,gu whiC'h prujccts pictureS of contiuuuus terrain, repr~senling <I vertk.u strip ITHtp. 011 n screen located directly

vertical

view

MBO}\G, EJ, Teuo-Servree SquadnllI il> 110"," in process of .reiulorcmg

..trm)" TYJ?\'l A Frame Hoist to handle
R·;2!'!OO engine! or lheir CllW\'illel1I

weight. This is done by reinIorcillll I~ss of A t·ranit;l with two t",lesCllpulg lube.'> to'
11" long, thus preventing tendency lv

nh'et~ holulug Lll5' internal bracket in iotuke air scoops of the SBD-5 have beea pulling uut Irunr soft ",li.lDliuUln air in1Akes, Remedv is to reinforce air intake with 24ST ,;!LIlll1ntU11, thus preveutlng riv'~I< i?ul.liug IhrulIg_h SVII{Ip,

buckle "hell

leads are lluJ"!g uu hoM,

under the \'erLicul .. isw finder; ami ,'J, II NCCOlld platIorr.u OlJ. which the fust rests, mounted au wheels and set in hrat;lh OLl the floor. C luer val ue 0 f tho trulner Iies in its ability lu give the 'student practical exptll'iCllce ill theC(ll:r~tion of "tilt." "drift:' and "crabbing." {i' UQTQII!tAl'll1m 1!;, r.. an l ~!lllt', us;.: I
.. Br~JI_ER COMMENT -Photogt';lpher Shufo~-d is commended lor hili ingenuity Un deslgning thi... prnctlcnl trlliuII'!B device.

Ad,iu.sting La:nding Lights
Operation

(ranks:haft Lock and Wrench
Tool Adap.ted to Most &ngines
i\.AS. JACKJiONYrLLEl~A new type erun ks.hiJ.-fl louk and wrench rleveloped here; having been widely approved, 11115

Changes,he

Anyle-

lleiractnbh;: Inr1diug Jrgb,ts arc usunlly acij\l:c;ted by the alrplane ('01\ITa!.!lor SI;I that the I<mdiug light beam fI'i the extended pOSJLioll is elev,fled ill the direction best suited fur lrultliJlg
Ihe.ul'pkme, However,
lI1iLY

Ope_rl1Ullg

squudruus
~eLtil'~

cl01;'"5
• ~jdr

flad

U'aL tbis Indol)'

Carrier Crews· (overalls
Requ;sitions May Now Be Made
'S!>llUoi

1101 rneel.t l u-ir

ret!

ni I'fl !lW 11 I;.,

'*

CuvC'rill]s foT, carrier J.t..'CkQr~W perare now Larng delh ered tu nmjbr &IJPpJy PlJil.lts The garment is u] herrmghune twill materinl, dyed to olive dt;~l) shmIt· 'I, 'VI.:t:i ami CVI('S will Iw ,,11!lwml 2.150coveralls UIIl] CV·S UHU C'I'B':; 5UO. Tlw: Iollowtng standard stoak numbers may he used In r'.a.quis.iUonln,g:

been udnpted for me on several models of Pratt &. \Vhilliey engines with :3:2 red net inn g:carirlg. Spcoi£icolly. the device- is a bell gear and crankshaft lack with wr-ench loci: nut 10 cmnkshttft. Tile operuticn heretofore was perrurilled with cylinders removed, to pre1I0W~S 'YOUR WIND?

~1I1.1'''11~Wl·t:··"lllI~~I: tOJ .. Il.,1r'1,;-31 Ql-llS I'" 11~;"'";.$IIII-4n ,~ " lf~H··~llll1lf ~-l a~~~C'..at(ll-4t

~~ ""Jlljl., ~8 "
UI

l~
Ii 'Ii

1131'1MI1~-:lB 11c'~·{ tJ():!--4I, " 11::t e ~10!l!;_.~

fI:!r·c,II~~-:~1

.l\1>.U.oST1NG. t-A,NI:J4'1'!G; t.II!>I'ITS SIMP!.!!: 'OPERATION

TI:l1'(,-"IP~;t

{""

iI)jr-l'-JIHl~~

!lay·,

·.11 Oil--'-t!1

32

Blower Intake Pipe ,Plugs
A.Iso Fit Cylinder Assemblies
N M;,J.O\:C}I;SOJ.;'JJlili~~ Pi pe plu~ f 01' blower ulhike ul f'1'utt & WllHney and Wright engines have hl::t:ll designecl here tIS a sa letl' preeauttnn fll the general building lip ot ellgj'fle.~ Ifl the over

wrench to be Ilrmly inserted iu slob; of ItK'k nut during removnl and Instull;ltion, TO!~l ltus been u~ed 011 10352-9-4-96 and J830-72-76-82-86S)O ..92
engines and can be adapted 'lltiJerenghrM in operation, to most

threaded guide tbatallows

vent crankshaft und bell gear holP turniug, wId with (it block of wood through power case as a lock, After cyUnden were- assembled to power case, jaws of a monkey wrench were clamped over Le11 gear teeth with !L strap ot sheet copper or other sofL metal between wrench jaws and genr teeul. The new .vl"eIlch illcorpoxaLes u

h:1ul shop. E~Jly and ,quicKl), inserted In hlll\.w~r in.t;:lke pipe openillg;.~. the plugs ulsn wiJJ6t It number of ")iunder and vi11vf" assemlrlles, prev1)lIt:ing: foreign ubj\;!.C[.' -seotter keys, nuls, bolts-from frtlling 01" enLering englne during course of
construction, Their
LIse also

Is VI'lJu-

tangs of

Le pns,hec.1 duwn and (Jut ns the wheels l1o.lt up lIrter launching, lhus il1su:ring Ill] automatic removal of- ilia gear. 13~rOi'e tbhi dey~r;,e was eoneeived, crewmen had to pu1J beaching gear free lrom the lIoal when launching an OS2U. TI~t! Wheels would Jl(J,t detach themselves aEtcrlhe plane WIDi launched and rr,lleuse:; pulled. but would floar out and up, t".~lsl:ingthe gear in tile Bt;,lut- ritting, During winter months, roen had to wear heavy wading stills, thus placing l'hl'mSfllves ill danger of drmll'l1ing.
[r'JilSlo;ll<>lT> IIV

w.

0,

DHRIIU.U,".

AOl>m.

TTSN I

IU~vr:r,'1Pm 1>\

('1"10;'"

II~ I'> I\J)("~,J

Tail Wheel Dolly For TIF ..I's
EI Cenfro' Perfects New Device
l\ ICAS, EL.OF.l'lTRO-A tail wheel llnl1y f(n· lmndling nfromH of siz-es up I'n TBF-J 11<1$ been f'omtnlct~ hv this station ·s.mehl~.sl mp. and 1.<; ;es~}ec~tly helpful sn lowmg nJrC.l1'Llfl with flat ttT!:lS. The dolly ~"'M rnade enUre-ly FmOl salvaged material and conslsts 01 two Hl" 11 4" soli,! tail Wheals, 0.0 elliptleal wi reel well SJ" deep x l~" IOllg X 7" ,lido witb droD leaf on l'he open and !o:1I1)1,Pftedin the "up" pnsitiun hy two liiuged spi1tpiQ.:'). The row bars are J (I' !l'l long, being 3' from axles to bend, \vtlh II 20 henc1 tilden!' the tail section nnd an 18" handle With 3" ring for towing. The bt.'ud i1; H:iuJ,Jr(':(lU by LvY_() plates on each bar &1" long x ID.\" wide of ,-," sleel 111alo, The l.ow bars are' 2" pipe, l he handle 1:1.1" pipe. rull! the ring I" md bentauCi welded to handle. The 11'11('('1 \\'f.JI is fUl'lIlf'cl of -;," steel pla te.

Stator Puller Is Modified
Eases Handling of Pioneer Unit
MCAS, CHERRY POINT-A mtiuil\cl\' tion of the Pioneer stator puller lias been developed here !l:IIC1 is used Int removal of stators for overhaul -and repair of autosyu indicll~or und trnnsmit-

lrr 01010rs. To ease handling I1f Lhe rione~'1 stator plIilar. ~11 adfushlbh· loose Htted T handle- has been iru;hlU~tl eln the it!~, tber-ebyelbninllLlllgllSc of tI screw driver, A 45-' anglr: in both bouom plate and Lop prevents sJijllli!lg when slator is L}{ol,i[J~ ulled, thus nllowing n p gl'ipping of tim entire sl1rf::r,(:e of the ~tator. Acut-oul has lleen pro"ide~l 011 .Ible (Ill minor tlvel'1'.1lI1s when abovethe collar '~O flt comer posts, to net as a lHlml-10tlPd ~)pening,~ \'rI'C Urjt"l\'(") ed, gglile, and lo prevent collar hll'lling The some ,.;1,50 plugs manufacturec] ,hili 1l g or ern tion . hare (1'(1111SiC'I'Up piet-e~ of [llm(""hlug~ [Hr,'v ~I''''''E~ 1,1- :'\1 "fI nT, .,"'. """'-'11 j 1 ~llid sm,Lll s,!lt.let U1etn! 11,1 ii' eff.ectf'll .1 V distinct 'i!um. in Lime. OJlenin~s heretofore were eevereel \\·ith Iwo·ind1, rna skiT!~ t<l pe, u pto co J ure n t itSt-·11 rerjll+ring some time, r I)leYlU.tIJIf!It- In" ,1mi:;1'lj If M '~HU'Il;1I~ I

Help.s 052U Beaching Gear
Strip of St'eel E('Jses Its Launching
NAS. I'I~N~,\CI1,I ~-AJ! il'lTtiILirI!!; pn)u. at lhi,~ stnlion lUIS 1)~·,{lU _'iol\ erl by pi"cirlg n sln.dl strip or heavy steel lit the tap of the, Jilting. perml.ttin~ the bt>;I{'hing gem of an OS:2t' seaplane It)
JI"1I1

""EW TAU.

W!!!,..a.

E'QIl!P!YIO!T

F'OIt ICI."'T TIPE~

33

landing

till: plane is positively and constantly guided, veruenllv and dimettonnily, h1
.U'

a, "inC'

nil i'nOlcntil)ns :un

\ isU111, margin of error usually found ill '\N l'anges is gr III fr>dtll'fl_t

Oue of the idvantages o( the ZA !Huge is ncloptnbil ill', since the Iflnding \lllUl ean be ,Ureoted into the winu or in ,I diree' ion that will avoid obstruotion. Another udvan ngo is mobility. which peru its all ratien (Jf uunsrnittu g I'CJldpweul 011. land Of water,

New Tube Cools Generator
Bomb Grovp Perfet;t$ the Device
MAS. ElE.llR· P"Il\'T- Di Bomhw' Croup hus Instnlled a ftm.ihl!" bhlSl tohc lrom carhuretor air sconp tn .geu" er(lltlr in SBD-4's l~) prevent NEA-2d Eclipse generalnrs from "runnina hot" III', in some cases, burning out. A I ole was cut in he top of !<irscoop 10 pnss the tube throl1gl,. In order to millie and soldered to mtnke end of t IIIJ!" and fastened over tl ie hole.

CHIEf

THOJll'lIl.S

HOLDS

o;)I!IYlE~~

I~

(llIE

.H/lND,

!lUY

BUAER

$J,JGGE'STS

THAT

BEGINNERS

U5E

TVIIO

a

iuereas

air 'How, 11 small. ir

Si'lmp

was

Hydrauli( Test Is Devised
hus hPilu devis 'd illln lw tested OD the plan - un leI' tb plane' pow r. The puuel is 2.'1" x IWi -: W" am! weighs apprnximntely SO Tbs, It cunsists IIf n ~iml,Je hy(Lnuue ~y~ltlruiltdlldillg a selector valve. reltel valve, gauges <1nd everal De ,dl valves. . pe.rutiOD of tile systein lila. h c1lang ,1 to make- (liffenml tests hy openiuu and closing the ne edl valves,
1)1111 [

EI Centro Uses Plane Power MCAS, EL CRNTIlD-A portable hytlnmli ' le>:t
l()wijJ~ the svstem

III' 104 AOAPTS

CAIVrI1RA F(lR

F",Sf

AO;TION

SWOTS

DISAsseMBLED

OA1YI£RA.5HDW5

uNjTS

IN 11'111 E-UP K

'Machine-Gun Camera' Used
Good to Get Sub Action P:hoto$

used ill Ihis installation Gam ra lo metal plate, ur
lIJJHIBI'H
J.I\

F()r eeuring hue tl l' two fne uinunting simple bend sight.
W. 1>1. 'I'nnM.I • ,,'"'OM

vP

1'(lllS

:2U-1-, AlLAN ftc-.\l1 1'1Ii\! squadthat received ail-craft last winter

I

lions: or other O"'CiDI'~ shnwu more dearly by motion picture than lJY sli11
shots.

got G.S.A.P. camera' COli use in hydraullc turret: , nIT"'!I how Inee be lJ removed, but cameras arc still at all !mpply points, 'the squadron ha.~ mounted il3 CUlJICl'ru; on pistol-grip Ih-ing keys, ~hus C!'In\> rted them lnltl hand-h It! motion picture cameras. The' OI,JW mtly be used 10 photograph anti-submarine nePi tures may be taken [rom bow ll1lion, pih~1 cookpit, or etth r waist 's

... B/IA8R 'OMMENT-lr's a m:u:hine gun. nut n pil'lt.ul. -1>0 beginnlll' had b'l'le:r u two hands if the), wish Ih ir reputations (or wbriecry II; .-em,,;" unsullied, L~Qk~ OK <I']," Is!?

... BriA I::R COMMENT-One
primary

of

rhe

reasuns Io~ providing hydraulic test quipme.ot is foupply hydrl1uli presSlIlrC" (tom lin cxtCl'rulJ 50l1'(C. TI is nor de"I.-lib! to IL'<e ajrpr~n~ ~ngme (01' te!iting.

The (ross Pointer Indi[ator
Reduces
.\T',
"l,\" (loWII

Damaged
plmw

Aircraft

Trailer
il1jllry

the Error of AN kanges
COI1PUS (.rrmSTT-Tbe

Pearl Harbor Builds New Device
'J . PE RL llAnnOR-A trail I' to spec I ,mel flldlitatc moving of dam ged rLl~!'IrI!!:PS willlllHi further

methed

of orientntion

and let-

new

th.is center list'S the CTOSS Pciuler Indicator as its hrllli!' instrun e l, M tint d on Ihe inTl,VW 111>1)lg tall~hL ;It

t'np of nl'ingkey Where t:.)ver plate has been removed, .'-lel, 1 fllat hus L srnall hole drilled to allow connection of lee!Ticni leads of camera (remnved Irnm origil11l1 sooleot in hptlrnn) and leads in Bdn,ll: key. Tliere are fmll threadf!d hnlb; 1)'0 the offfilem's side ror secnring
to nrrret structure. Bottom 1I 0 om

T1 e n :liltlter is of simple c·nn..-ITlll,rlll1, A right.mlfl:lc rn tal plate is screwed {In

hatch.

strumen;

panel,

the indi 'ator

of two needles &.Lmish~s visual indicattons of the airplane's pm:itit.ll ill re~p"d tu landing area and glille path. Compltlle orientutirn: ancl let·t16\, n
IJ, !'n\lgh

by

menns

cuu be 11 hieved without the familiar A uurl N .~iAI1.18 in 111· pilot's earplumes. A uy deviation from uirecliouuI benrn nr glide path heal'll is. shown, Thus,

overcast

ttl

W'IlImJ

I

r \ uor

34

sbJ til!II-S slIrpl department, 1~lIiI!lin - tile statteu, each U'all~'r, til ll)w bed 1:}'\1~'.hl;l[t\,~bdl)' and tail oradle ~~peeiltll)' cno:.II'lwtfld to holt! flit.> part)l'!ltlr d(>slgll 1'( plilTle. ]1Jis alleviate" stress or strain oflen re:;ulting from tnUlsllnrting urunaged planes 011 imprnvisee] \'f'bid,I'~. At present rhe stntiun Is usi,lJ~ 111l'('1~ II IffI;' 1'('11 nHjllliol1s t of U1C'trniler to J m 11-

ha.~heea designed by an olficer of thls

r

dt';!

a l!CCS
mixed

11

um ber Qf palul joJj" uud cuts
problem Spar in hul],
Il!i\l'-UJ

11 lug

Nerr-speculae dark
with

hard finish ,tntl does not nrr~ol lusterThis new synlll.eLie lacquer elhulnates dll:: Jon Il~'t! I,-l0011lSfi nish \\'h idl 11 it:!kf'rl lip dust, oil, and foreign matter.

vnrnish

pallil produces a

ao

Oil Seal Tool Gets Prize
Design NAS,

,He 1""]'F-'5 ant! tr6F's, THF"g urul SUD's-

Cuts Down Man-Hours
COn'l'l1S CURI$I'I-An.

New Hinged..Head Wrench
Usedo,n Cylindet
N AS, removing
PF.NSAC(JhA-A

DrainPipes

~plit wrench £-01' ..ge to engine. and installinlt oil orGin plpus Ow ing to light DI elf Ihe -nil so:,.! ill of Pratt & ,\Vh[tnc~' engine cylinders various models of R.1SllO engines n

IIr Ihis sfilUrlll llU,~developed :lgtluenllor oil seul rowu\ iJlg tuol which 1>puccl~ up tho job and elimlnetes rlnngor of rlarn-

e:m_ployee

great amount
cases

perif!f~tw.d in Ihele r emovn

or difficulty
it

tu time loss involved,

have been damaged during rernovn] of sell] because o( luck of odeResides culling down fin dll.llul.ge to
the tool saves [tll m1e.mgB

has been eli· 1. III addition rnnnher of rear

It \\IJI' ks equally well ill replaoin g 011
sell] while nn eIlgine
1IIlIIIIC('.'S(.U:Y.

,rln:mrt. t\II'f(.hy making englne removal mol is saving
JI )JIlIn!

is rnmlnl;elt in an

fJ nate equipment, engines,

H is estlrnatcd
tit
~,

twc-Irours-na-eugine

overhaul in s.lilJp.

or

ill
I

leRst 1
'I'. T,

no

tlllJtl

man-hours
I

the

;11 presern,
II,,.,{II,\\

rlC~IM<"ij

(.";~H; !'"<l(ls

"111

pJ NO~(,l'nber

'ii, L!JJ11)

LM,"l' 81mV J 'E A. D OUSOLESm~N'J' .UD:l·U,. Ii.: 11I1l,U,'flNS ANn- rlUNGIf:S ( 'ONTRA<1' ('l:{ANGIZ~ ARE NUT L"l'('I, UEJH

Dc('e-mlu!r-15,
-Air IIIun e -----------;-----1-2
Bulletin

19M
Dut· - -----12-l-,M 2<1
10 2.f1 43

Date Iti-.2.::l---I:~ 1l~30 4~ 1HIII~4:_1 11-14 13 8 28 ...t1;1 lO-2,~ 13 iH4~:1 12-+43 11-W-4:l
12-.1-43 9 9 4-3 U-l}-4:j II--S 4:1 12-6--lf:l !I -3f! ,41-1 it -8-43

an .:J 1I'4F

1?4-1<'--4 _ Ir4F-7,

1/,11<' 311.

'i IN 37
\10 I:'. 21

F6F----3

IS
8

L0--2R-,Ji! 11 6- 43 IO-lJtt-43 11-19 43

137 112

98

Sfl~Jr IfRDmll • N{JI;J(£/!i sox OIL ORAr" HfPc fflArf {j 1f)f1'rf(IT ENG/Nits

GlI-l

FJ\Iil-l. 1"4tl-1 (lU.2, ...

21

N2S-S

N2T-J .. OS2'N- I.

'

has grGWI1 out of difficl1lties experienced here ill I'CLltUIing oil pipe lilting!; fnml rook, unu boxes. USing ordil'lIl1"Y oven-end wrenches, fittings sometimes lwisted off, The n:ew]y designed wrenuh bas a hinged hand which clamps completely around ]leXL\~tlmrl HHing, [listrwwlillg load ~umdt'l'tIJ~' (0 prevent lailu:re.

PBY-5A,

J'\r·1 ., J>r:U\-J.-3S ".Dr 5 ,.

oseu-s, ,

. __

Pfl2V.:..3 P.D2Y----3R. PB4Y L._ RilD-5 RSC-l. U5D-1 R.505 SHU .1
n41)-1

52 22 7 37 42 10
10

II :17

7 2

n-is

11-30 ,13

11-25---4:J

11-1>-+1:1

·10 41 III 24 :! ,10
.I1l 84

43 fI Uf ~3
10-9-,L3 11-4 43

11-4-43 11-27-011.1 H-Z--.t3 10 17 -s.j:i 1O-17-4a 1·0-12-43
1('1-12-43 1l-!l-43

7'9 14.],

3!1 63

.;m

:JO

16

JJ .... -13 [ 30 II S 43 ll-fr·i-!J I lHH'3 II 19---04:~ 1.1-12-43 II 1-12--113 1()..1G-43 tl 2.4 4.3 IZ--,l-ll:j 1l-2~43 11-25-.1a

s

rJ3 laO 54 IS
('3 141 12:.'l :);1 '12 1)0
'I 12 'i' It
1

13ft

11 29 ·,t3 1I'-21}-411 Il-2!H13 11-29-,tJ H-19-4a
ll-I6-4:11 . -20---4.'1 a

S 71 611 32 21 I~ '27 78
1i

s

s-s

41J.

12-43

11-16 4;J

Paint Mix .More D~urable
New La.cquer Lacks i'Pi,k Up"
MAC, ell M r KEA11l\-:t;;1'-'frHlIspm'tnHan Of>parlment lIf S rviee Squudrou bus dtwisecl
from
!nli~S

RD---ol SBD 5
Sf),2A.-.!

s-~il~IP,

12-3-4-3

27JIl-27-~i:I ~, j·I-2Oc-4>~

is

11~27-'la 12-4-43
11-18---43 .L&--fi----43 I[-2G----4.j

12-3..,13

RI-."V-I. ~03(' 1

SB2C-l

La 1 -3 U-2!h43

1'3F-1

J III

eo

.1

new paint

IOCflure

to S,"} percent

which lU!lg-er •. re-

35

I EQUIPMENT I

BETTER ALTITUD
Navy Improves on Workability of Its AIrcraft Oxygen Apparatus for Economical, Easy Handling
aircraft equlpment is constantly rnodified and improved, C:ODlpil d inForm.aU n bringing up to date the status of aircraft servi (I oxygen apparatus and other ifllt'!gr~th·dRems {lr equipment. t\ numb r !'If innovations have been undertaken to improve xyg n, radio and flight g ar so they will work simpler and easier when the pilot is bUlry flying his plane. Some of tile more Important changes in tiircl'aft oxygen eqlllpmen~ are lIS follows:

S being Bu er bas
~tZ

2851-A1) sta llntien regulator

bc;o 101lowed nlHmateh'

as standard cqu-pnteru tor inin all carrier- !J\)..'!edaIr"ra!l; 10 instillations

hy

dHuLI"T-dI1l11lUlJ

2, dopuen arul t!islrlbullull r)r new typc-l.:t demaud oxygen masks to be is" sued iI~ personal flight gear, instead of Ih d with Lhe plnne, 8. Adoption of Dew brcntbln;g tube enupllng (A:,,0001) tu pcrrul! quluk lUlU eonvenlern C(:lllllCL"lifll.( and d[st~lIlll~ting of personal issue oxyg~l1l mnsk,
4. Ad,tlpliull of IWI.\' I ube I!sl\unrbly~a!l}'gen ragulutnr tn rnilsk-ANIJO[)t3 (W' 1.11, j iDll:)'LOJl .nul,lIJet }.Hg, "1;1.),

na va 1 ~Ii fcr.tft.

ill

all

apphcable

1, Aifnl,ti'ln "f ]ilnle~-dt91ntlld 1:'1. fcgtl]atl)r (currently Pion er Part

gllli

n.

5. Adoption of new oxygen Unw imJicatnr (Pioueer, f)1.11' I)J-1 •

.U~LMeT :

SiltS
MEDIU.M LA"GE

INtERMEDtATE

SU",MER

WINTER R37-H""33e R31- fI- 13.J4 R37-W 11~2
R37-H- lJ~(I

SMALL

X .. L.A.RGE

GQGGLES,

brieR bv statlng that the diluter-demand regulator is more el:tloomicaJ 01 the nxygen supply than the sLl'aight demand regulator and more eonveni{'lltly operaecd IhA n 111Ei oxygen rebreather apparatus, whi{~h it appreaches on a wt'jgh~-econumy h:t~is al relarive low n ygen altitudes. typical single-place diluter-demand regulator assembly with the most up-todat ox gen equipment is illustrated bv NE\ S, It" will "be noted lhal the new oxygen {low indIcator 11:1. he n incorporated in the reg'JIln,toT 0 give visual indication or til!' positive Row of oxygen. ln a number of atrcraft mstidl;;ttinn~ the nnw Indleatnr will Ill": ~epn"i1tr.rl From the ,.eg.ula~or and remotely installed to gi\l@ i11'lprnve.nvisihilJ~y.

These advantage'

dd.iLlooal.g_enerlll inI0l'TIlUt10Ll on the above it InS follewsTIle dfluter-dcmnnd Ol'TIPTI rcgulot( I' hu certain advantages nver previously installed a y mcygcrn equipment'.

rna

be summatlzed

MASK WILL HAVE COUPLING INSTALLED UPON DELIVERY
cnn'tplate \'Mth malo-half nf the breulhmg tube c{l1rpling properly fnl't;tlll"d. Lll;ew'~e. HIE' 11'W [uhf' n$sernblr~(),\:ygen regubtor to musk (-\N6011!J)

the S (lei, 1"1'E'd hylype-Id lill"
1100\'TLY

musk will I
manufacturer

'wiD

inclod; rtlrnnle-11l1.lf of llr~ihing fllhe .oupllng. Thus, ~horrly rutE'r Febrnarv, naval aircraft Instnllathms will ef\n~isl of the required n.~Rorl'TJUlnl of C1 lind ·r., piping. diluter-demand regulator rompl e, and tube assembly indtlflill,r! on hnlf of disconnect ·(mpUllg. Th incHvidual pilot then will be able to connect his personal i.~shn oxvgen mask wtth disconnect eoupltng (0 complete the svstem,
Since all nf 111(1rnrnponeut pn rts of

th nf'W diluter-demand regulator I).!l. sernblv ar not rmd will not he ayai.lnhh· sim1Jltaneonsk. t'('Ttlun transjtienarv adaptations ~:ay have to be RCCOTI1' plished as follows:
(""lilll hl~: Tn til i..; ~'fIS0. 111(' hTII' '1)" r upmnnd ) oxyt!tli1 mfl~"k I:\S1il"mlllr-m formerly

l , To JI~I!' th., d 11nh·r~d..,rflantl n'glT!t;~rot will, nrme nf LI.I(' other new eqnipmenl

INTE.GRATEO
p:uglP e .

I1J Ierepho

ieems (If up-to-date service ox)'gen apparnens include new mask, hetmer, fie. ru hcla:sse Ill])] f. and brellthing tube eoupl ing si M1 plUy pilot's work

thraadNl'

willi will serve, type "D"
lI~(!U

III{'I- sh:$i/i!IIL

dl!lilltud

r!"lt;ulnMr

M~.rr1~' ~e"Urf' llmld-Ugll1 I'll!' mask and Ilrt'lltJmu:!, lull(' con~c 'tiClJI to 11u,' {lthll"t-dl'm!Llld

36

s 'gul!llur 1111 ~IJl,li "ulk! :Iud Ul>1.' 1Il;I~l as heretolore, 2. To use t rpe-14 mask WiUI the diluter(j(mulild rQgulatnr '\'ilhuut ItIlW lull <1,'~ 11111] -Ill\ygeu regulator (0 mask (to" 1.1),), A type "D" mask uormally Includes a cortllgall"Ci nHl~k llliJnlE, plnin wit; -iu~ert ·d tllh!ll!;: lind lhre- ..ded CQupHlig CUJUH~(!t.iulI, Separnte (~)rrugnt"J tubmg PrOm 1I1nl/J Iuhlag lit 11i1':1!jlUlI.ltloll wh"'fe lhf} clip chain
i~ IItt.ached, 111sIUt breu H~'I.~)rJll.nce \yll:h In.slr1Jc:ti()11~ fl1mislw..J l;"il(·b [·Ul,lplhlj1. to make pti1t'\lr JL~('01t\1~d fellluw between 1Ua~K and rcgulau\r.
J'\II.

deuuurc; tcbulatllr Ollllt't iillll·tlll· 1(1~ d[,nw l Pillllllt'r Part No. l~ ':S08HJ-l) hll"'" Sllbselll""ntly becouie a n:Uabfc. Remove regulutnr lbow [Pinneer Part Nil.

lI'iLIJ Arnw extensive

t

j.lnprovecl 'ver:';OIl gf " iYIlI'
en," bid
serv ll'~.

'(J,~'~'".IIlU I

U. 1111:IUl I Ihul lut:. !Jrll!

PB52H)l-11 ,llId rL1plilCe with (J 11m""r "'lrt Nu. VC508 H)- 1 ).

elll(l'w

PROPER COUPLING or MASK, CON'NECTOR HOSE IMPORTANT
Attaeh
oxygeu

pUns

(B:l.6tltlu·Ele;;sitlS

Co,

thIng

tnhe

euu-

1\0,

431:11:1)rtl

prnper
regula

mRS ( ••

1.0.)

COII'pliJlg

scpruutely to accomplish

is provkled the above tmnsiregulator

1 ow 111Id secure b>' ll1t'QIIS of Iusteuer pro'itled R~'nul\'e 1IU11,,·1r rlf (If ~" 1.0. breath."g tV be coupling (Da.qUM-B1· sir" Co, lIIu. 4.'388) Innu umxk tuhiug and r '1)luce
with umle-hujf nf

w,'

em!

of

III be

to ruusk

(ANlliu(1g)

aSS0r)1 blyto el-

In mask (ill' r.n.}, III llils v.'l.!.t· it is as.'lUII>1d that the l'fucedw-e O\lUim:u III (2) above IIIlS been prev;Qu~ty uo.:cQmplisbed.

tleWlI1' dlUlige. S. Tu liSe,: lIle clllub.it"oemand 1\~L11 new luhe. ussembly-oxygeu

l:Q!fi.lL'lWT

and tll,IL the tube cssemhly-oxygen re~u. III lot Lt. mali],. ( ........ 0(,)3 ), a 11{1 tb 1rrter6

icure tig)Jll} In llbce. TIJll tub" assemhl)'-uil:ygt.'TI r'l,'l.Illliol' tu mask (A ... 6000) Is being procured in two lengths IUjU may 1 II dtsduguished by the appropriate dush numbers as follows: Ao\\(iI.lUS-S is !I thre~ fool Iength and A:.I6f1.(j3-.4 Is \! fOl~r.fullt length of III hh1j,(. The new brealhlng tube e,mpUng (.A..'1BO()~) ],n; heell Sbll Llliit'd Izt,(1

;~II

1"11.

coupling

lind

In radio the IB.}.'i-! mask microphon offel's dlslruct imJ,lro\'em'lIl uver previous ox gEln mask microphones .l<.:eordinjJ to all service J'uvurts received. The install~ltjon of tlus microphone in iii ~e-14 oxygen mask is readiJy accompllshed by followiug tbe instl'uC'tiQns contained in the pamphlet supplied with the mask. Tile ANB-M·- I microphone i~ tile m:ygen mask microphon f r bull'! Ihe ltVy anti the Army. When it wns standardized the 115e of the PL-291 di cunuect plug aml the ]K-,18 WSCQll.LfCt't Jack were lltlutJtetl. The microphone is in large quuutity productfon but it'; distnbutlnn i!5 scheduled \villi tlw rICCI!.~sury elttensi()n cords, deliveries
l)f

wllic11

are behind due 10 iJte rLlhller shurtuge,

New Indicator Incorporated in Regulator Gives Sign That Positive Flow of Oxygen Is in Process

1

IMPROVED
lows

&r"~fhing rube cuopling

al.

quick connecting,

discorinecting

2

NOR M AL

of oxygen

posirion of mlt:;k prio r I f) II"'" 51)o"W5 microphone ;0 front

3 ONE-HAND
big

merhnd

of attachment
Ely new

is

ad .... l1ntli.!le ruford-cd

mask

4

sonable comfort,

PROPERlV

fitted

mask provides
is r!nsicr
10

operate

rca-

5 su IT,1: A8 LE .
no .

clearnnce
UIIl.'ik

111'lU

berween bri dp;e of is huon [0 wearer

37

1 BETtEA

A L T irun E BREATH liNG ••• tON,T'

nI

liN5.TALLATION

or

MICR(ll'HO,n;:

nil

TYPE>-I4

MASK 115 REAIIiLY ACHIE¥EOOILUTiER-DEI'dAJ'llD

II'EGUl.ATOR

1:\'5-SEMIILY WILl.

BE AV/lILI\BI:.E

SHORilY

MASK MICROPHONE
T to an
ill'.

REPLACES

THROAT TYPE
gll'll

P\: r&.'oiSJ'.)00; cord .. 0 uud lll\'il"h illustrated in this article is simihll' Armv GD.SIS A cord. The

i!)calecl on t1lroltl6ll or Wheels, .In

The $\Vitchrs than will be remlJ;ld~

Nllvyequiv.:uenl uses u switch similar to' that used in 'old throat microphcnecords and is called a CX-41(AR c!)r(t Both cords are an interim measore as all microphone cords eventually will be supplied wIthout switches.

glips,camerl.il. grips, and ol:hm' cenveaient looations where tlre need of removing the hands forccmmunications can be eliminated. F'urthermere, new radlo systems OQ\v' in produetion will have the required extension el,mh buill in as a part of the jack boxes. frequencies, radio r!lnge in-bound headings, and certain nea.rby statiun idenLincutiou call letters, was glued OIl the board with ueoprene cement. A sheet of tmnspsl'enlcelll.llose acehl(e. slime shape as 1118 baard, ~" inch thick, proteats Ille printed sheet. hnt il> easily removed Jor cerrectiuns or changes' by loosening: the three screws hoWing 1'l1B panel in place. The cbeok~off list ill this positicu lhus ill
HOW'S Y0UBWDID?

lIetu.lphtmes illUsLrateU ill pllOt!)gl'aph~ on pre .... rious pages •. the now ire A)ia"H~l mstrumtllits "<VJI ieh nre part of tile H-l/AR headset assemlely. Thi.~ new assembly i8 '!)Olllple~tlly de!icdhetl JJJ HuAl.tl' Tecludcnl Nt,toa No, 6!l-43. Nvw eumpenents of the ONygC\J .>ystem, as they become available, may 1:10 requlsitiimed
[I'!lIT!

majm

sl(ppl}

Ul'[,)(lh,

Panel Check-.oU L.ist Works .
.Eosily Seen on Ins1fume."' PQnel
N. S, COliF us ClUlil;'TI-A squadron 11t Clllnmiss Field has devised an excellent manner of mounting a checkolf list U1I the juslr'll1ue)l.t PIUlel in the [nmt- seat at SNV-l'", t\ 111lr0ximaeely 70 perce.nt of the squadron airplanes do not have directiornJ gyros or nrti£icial horizons uiounted in llll; space provided 011 the instrument pllilel immediately under the Ene! 'wam1ug .signal P1YI'/ood panels !~ inch thick, 5 hy 10 inohes in size, were fitted in this space, eenfom11ng to the I'llI'Ve of the oocl.-Pit cowling, and fastened lathe instrurnerrt parlel. Check·off list. eonststlng IJfaU

lltl111CdiJ.lld),

ill Itullt ol stiuleut's eyes and removes any possilrility of lorget[jug VII I' inus Of!E'I'atiOm necessary hi

tuke-oll auJ landlng, I le dues out boi ve to liJDk for it ill sOnJI;) ')1rt-of thewny COl1lef of w~ instrument p<-luel.

(over

fo:r (hute Ope,ning

Must .Be Removed Before· FlIght
VF 17- This ~'1l1achon has developed a enver In filult:.! l.hecfe{l[otl ease chute llplilfling On the Iewer surlnee of outer Wiug 11lHIllh or FlU-I's. The-COWl' keeps moisture from cHledug Ibe gUIJ llJJ'Ougll thili opening ulld~n~atly "1'01111('\'1;. mumlennnee work rl"llu1l'eil Lo k(;Wl~ till:' g11J1~ Irce from TL)~l,o.spr:!.fiuU)' ,,,!Ien WIIl!-9>m'l' foliled, It is nec('i.~~ll('Yto t('JlW'I e l'q'WfS hI:fore fli~Ll. however, Other aq lIIull'f.llf" rnuv obtain details by Wr!tlJl!:! BltAer.

ing, 38-

;[IS

()perntlllns for tske-ofF :l.nd landwen as radio tower, radio range

Unit Speeds Photo Record
Prints Ready After Plane Lands
\"D-:2- urnpletc piltItographil' raeunds If ierlnl gnllllery 1't111S, ready fill' study within a lew minutes !lrtf;)l' llil1 pl,mtl touches the !(j"'C1l!,ld, are noW

p\)~~ilile a<: a n'l·/I Jl nf pnrtable q uickrJovelnping uquiptueut dusigucd bv thl" A lluu lie VI t't-. ioriul photographic ~qljmlwu, \'1) ]\, u. Th" apparatn: is a plexigl.lss 16-

mm. Iiln: dev .I\1piny mel, ill'tc.nde<1 flll ose <ll 1(lllving -fields 'where squadrons
W gunnery tratning are Formerly 5o, end dnys were required

1m ' xl,

particlpuling

exposed guo, .... urneru Aim til L1ll' l1l~UI' st ail' slani!)J.l 111 hnra l 01)' , pttl"t'S~ it, and retum it 10 the squudto hriug
!'Oil.

the
Ilj;

1'J1i~ difficulty ts heing 0 ercome by cqllippfn~ cullyiog [j -Ids, iU.1 the de\'elnp'illg rnok and it.. Ol<'('C!;S!lries, so

they were unable Lo see their mistakes 11lL'",nuule them,

As i.\ result piluts lost much oJ bC:lfJdlt of thotr ll'1liumg because

that Alm !hay be pro -essed on the spot
alter exposure. nder
C'UllditiOJU1.

lnunerliately
11(.rmnl .i

equipment !1H" cnn be ready for ~I'lldl' hv pllut.'i 20 mfnutes arter the Hlrn is hrrned oyer to [-he photographer ftlr I'I'4lN'ssin g.

min

hv

I15IDg

such

TWID INFORMATION
=are

PAMPHLETS
).nu stnrllJ,l out J"(J- the nlo ne, Dm/f nse Ii111 power mnre than is necessary, Il'~ never too Conly to begin to study YOllf plane IIw1 engine, to work out your fuel consurnplion and to kl10,,", the right V(UV to Hr. 1111 savtng filt'T IS the rigM way to ny , • , say those who knowl THlS IS ANN-Aoo's full name is .Anophde,v M a..~quit(J and l.er trade is dishing out malaria, Ne>o er gi,,~ her a break, She 'n,lI make 'lUI feel like II enrnhinatiun ill a forest ilre, a JrulIlIlIY 1l1~n1. and an ()[.I CU!i.l1 Ql()I1. Some places are \<lIISY with fllt little Anus sitting IHI)I.!.od waiting 1m' can keep from getting malaria if you Iollow the directions gh'w] in this booklet

T Fvel Saving
wo
NF.W

.insrruetiennl initial

bookletsSen~e and This I:; Ann
distriDu(ion

l'e~"etving

hwldin,\1! such a A&R Shop ar bcillg i~lUled to ,,1I phorogrn[lhic units in tb form o( ;J photography technical bulleein, Tbls will include full inI!1rUctlon~ for both negH!;" and !'l'\,Cf'!.'tI1 processing of gun C:Ul1et'>I tilnt. rUEL SAVING SENSE-Th re are just two kluds of aviaters=the fueled and the fooled. 'rim firs} arrive 'by p\IUU··. TIle ~c(.md kind a'(ITVIl y pnrnclmte, rnl't, stretcher nr ntlrer b uml\l'Yllllce. OCClI8ionaJJy they don't SITape, Shellac Are the Coverings rh (' ut ull, i\'byl)p )'011 pri>fe1' the mnre prchrresque vehicle, bnt the Navy has n ~'CAS, Crrsnnv PnrN'l'-A method of Vff'imllce III Cnvor tlf youI' atrmiJg in what Illnhnril1g I()~~ of ne:vibilily in aircraft

.. BuA.ER CO~IE1VT

-Jn~'truction, f.or processing ra -k in an

Training Division. FI1r;1 So illg SemJe is (I product of the Avlabon 'l'mining Division; Tliis Is AliI! was prepared by the War Department and has I een made available for avy use.
ClS'O'S AvilltiUfl

b.y

Proteding Hydr'Duli.: line

yon

wit])

their I· Illes full

D{ gemB,

Y'/)u

n'

h draulic lines has been worked out by Thil'd WilJ!t service squadron, Th~ HIl{1s ,11'(" first ctWeTOO With Irtcrlon tapes, then coated with shellac. This process i~r~1f1rted to give hflth ndded Hexihllity

USE THIS
R"!IulOJ diflrlbullon

FORM

TO ORDER

111. p;o< ..... Coul>on .houlll be u,o" lor

,h"" .. WII"..

PAMPMLETS
co"i ... may hov ..

g"" • .,.Irov

aud 11Ciuhlc prnteelion,

'FROM:

to,
ANSWERS DEAD RECkONING

C!,ief of N,wal Op.,alio,lI.
Ptill)ph'lels-RequlJSl thai ~apju

,

TO PROBLEM
217.5" 218"
106 ~

SUBJECT,

fo.,
of n~"" pbmphrel5 be un',
GO'

It ;~ .aque$fed

lndicot .. d' to Ihit ... ,Iivity.

fl,

029 040" 115 52

-

143.S· 140·
131 It

COPIES

PA.MPHlFT
Fuel SaVill9 Sen,8 This" Ann

3. 4
5

144 ~

42..5 19.5

6.
7.

ter,
long.

121 68.5 229"

22"-46' N 28 -23' W

SIGNED-:

Delivery

__ ..... _

NDh>l 'roleran~eJ gf Iwo or three milo. or Iwoo •• h,u d"g.r.u f,om Ihe an ..... COte

tondd

.""cl IICII'~".

"f,

Ad!ilr~ul

~--'--'-"'--'--''''---'''''''---'--''39

LETTERS
111 August 15. J!J43. issue uf \( AI' vr, It Is ]'ul.l'llt·~kd lb,lt -2 l}hiQl(ln, lItlmllllusriuurters Arm} An Forces C(~Uh'Lll 11'1),- AVIA'nON Nzws [Ihou Hw\ ~, New 1 ill~ Traiulna (}UUllUOd, l\,lIIttOlll'h Fillid. tratinns showed H1{' L'f!lIICr method "I' Tr-vns, be pluced "II )OUf Illltllirog Ii,! to l't'CllrryiJl~ wnl W 'Iring p;omchlltI'S. iquadron 1_ NAS. J)~ll U,i;lll!t. F1a .. !ll.Iuptl'J tlu'I'j" :lllO 1J"pil'" III lI.;,\!\t~WS fur di"lrilHI. l1U'thOll S11UWfl Ior _,(1f,ire ~!ll l,'t)i.' and l'lIIhlll Io '1lalJJlI~' I" I hi" Inlil1lllg t'~JrllllJ'llld. mill e red tli£RlJul t)'. 11 eeess itn H f1g tho udn ~~. !1:-"'l;;. A~!>"T.CUtEl" l'f ,'l'AIII", ,\-2 11-" A Ct'll'tlyl! T'l1l'111~ (JOr> of rl ifroreJl[ mctlrods. Bli~k pIIIL~ fuult,!.l nud 111:111 ' dl11h'~Wo''''' Troinln): COllllOlWlt/ sJlilleiJ due to tl!11sinn on th riD cord with H:II"lulpJ. Flelcl, Tr-x IS the 0 Thl~ stlll ill holster. Over a twn-month fie-rio I, Hbl.mt 15 dlUles were spilled while [wing earned hy Su~:. thu rnn III ~HJl~, hllu t h(~ snft1tJl ~euk werr\Vilb UIC birth of 11 "hlliiHl uowspnpur. Iuurul b~ukell 11,1UJl~lI> <tIlt!"!' ehute». "'I" !lurl uursulv "~ Iu 11~"'Uof IIhltl'rini which This cnndtrirm wns .'lp ciallv ()fc'\'all'lIt 1,111 1n- termed "illlert'~tlllg mid nll~hol1tre." 111 chutes with rip <'01'([ hOllsir)g uJ llcxll,l:e III ttllkm~ to edttors or ollu.r plllolicHtiuns
Sms: 'II"~ ~

ol puruehutes,

is

it

hazard

in that 111

plwit.'bute mily he releused IlL'C1lenlllily by a strain being placed II UU~ rip cord housing when

~he pilot stands np, The pruper adjllsLehe ked hy com] l~ing with instructions
ln paragr;'l.ph

rnent of' the rip cord lrou ing call be

"I'

fI'

Chaptel'

\'

D-7 of. lhe

or

Bu Aer P(lfad"IIe M(IIII1tIi. Thts will oorr aet lh

:~!:~~~:~~
(tiilll'1I1Iy

encountered and also remov til petenliul htlZllrd of iL prcruutun- I'd '(lS~ II urillg .m ildtl;l! eJ nCIj:!;1m 'Y. It is 13uAor's desire to St;.11ldU1'dizc rm :1 ~i gle III 'lhod o for enrry lug [HlI'at:.h II t~... Allltnugh the parachute may h ('l.IJ-_
ried safely sp,'<-ifying

IIm,,,,d thi~ Ul'(lll, we 1111\ round e that l'lldl nne II>PIJIIC]SlJUrtlllUy OTi 1\L\Ne:w'i: fm" thls l)'1JIi' of mutenal. H WI' might Ill' ~llill('rl tu )'0111' IUllilil!j! 1i,1 I,I)" II,.. lise "I p''11illf'lTt mnleriul, we \",11 II~ the ulmost tlis( relion, renilzl"g !lull .111 mUlt.·, l'\llltllim,d J" ytml puhlhu('!I" is restrictrrl. (Ul- exe '!lth (> orficer is Illsil lhe papur s Ct'11~1.!r; o add("(1 In .u, 111~ I rauy rliseree! sttlH, we tI.r!. sure the lm:wrLl ,If i1Tl[lnrfing restricted inforrrmuon IS dispelled.
III Iilld

In

.Inl tnhlll~\ \\ 111'1'1' "h.,aill

fir

'In'Villg

is

rnav lndioute that the method i~ not crl tic;) I and JIl'I~' result in the IldllpLi!l1l by hul ivi(liml.~ (If im'Ol'F€(Jl 1111(1 ('\'('1'1
duugcrous pruetiees, Currying Ille par;u'lll1tr-

flr

ill

11 number of wuys, th· several [I ·(·r:plahl£· w"Y~

by Ilia It'~ 1wcII 11.'1(:'<1 sirceessftrll h. pilnls lm a number of yours. nrrvhuz simps
TUI-'i

st rnp over each
n sl'.l-p in

the

pararhule

'11'1,.
Ft. Lauderdale, FJli.

rom'

Em1'OR.

TAB ,m

Cmuraimtm

(R)

Illustrntinn,
practice. 11 )rm,tl

shoulder an t.I hold !tll! ach hand, as shown in Ihft Is 'l/w;jdcreo 1m e~cdlent
parachute in

011

the

(md

with

<1leg

r The
to
IISI?

~,\NEWS

TIJfgct will be vIa 'cd nn HIe mailing list wilh permission m terial cleared bv censorship.

<,he.~t SiI'af,! l>l1cklfld .wd leg ~lriJ.ps Im[asICf'le(] tllsn will permit lise l1f th'l'l' hands fcn other
Pl)J'POSeti,

\Ye:lI'ing the pO,Q1tion wfth

I y tJ,'1m>;' ing,

Th ... pm'n hut

rip cord han He. !'if) cord houspJle'k 'In!lli~'<;. riser«, Ill' conucctor

should

nnt he

cHI'fied

I'hls "Iuthlll daims the dis-tindjoll til htwrng lit· unl\ seapluue rump to be usc.J hy llzhler-Iliau-ulreral]. , 1 unug n recent t"urly Illoming take-ofl', IIlle (If ille ~I.nrl lu.lu.liu!! !ill' lvok a craekthe-whlp lUlIC ;fl\111 ,u'Q'fIld tl~e leg (If 11 J,trffilnd crewman 0..' Ihe blrmp got underMlY \vitll lull Lhro([]!" S,IHllIting eulled ~t_ LIl(I!I~n to the pilnt that he hilt! a stnwnwny dUIlgllng 011 the elld or u 1.lt1rling Ilue, The pilut cut I,is clIgj:uc,s, or! turned the ~MTfl '1\'(,1' to UJII .o-pilo nHer lleudlllg tJ\'CT the uoper Rlver. The ~lhlgglillg; mno \\'11~ dn1nDeJ into the watllJ1 ns Lll~ ~'hip settled down in the ril'll[ to give 11.11hll;ntL~ ~ thu!'<')ugl, . onking. The'- pilot diVed frOTI] the gnmiola windl1w to reSOlltl the iniUl'ild The .1 IT 'hlp was taken in low to th.., nf'orhy S(,l,rplltlle 1'lImp Rnd beached as U wnp!lll1e. Tlli9 maneuver resulted in VCr)'
SlI \V.lwn,r

slraps.
rncnls
NANEWS PAGE Of AUG. rs UND"" OIf>CUSSlDH

Bu "\cr ~ in ;!PPI'C I'j:lt!" receiving comand r('f'(lnlt:npnc1WI(\IIS [mIT! nlh('t stilti()n~ ~I:rtive to oarrvinu ptl1~ rhlll@s

taken up by lhe ~f,)II.siJlg I'iIthl.!T tlmn th .. 11 urn I:)l;S. "rile t'%peril.lt1(;t! uJ the squudro» Iruiicated that the hl':;( IlIl'UIOtl [jlr CIIrrying is hy Lli , g sr ,IPS over Ih" shonlder Ill' hy mlling 1.1p the hute 1l1lU curry-jllg Il under UI~ arm,
'01llltlA.'l!VINr. OFFJCL'l.l

Slt!~;

NATe. Pensuecla, Fla.

pointed

.\111jor Al Wlllhuus ret",.,lly dL'JlJOIlstmlli'<! orne fine point of airmam;hip at thi,~ la· tion. Following an exhlbition of preciskm Jlrirlgin his famnll~ V3·. till' Major b\lkc.·<! with Ih'" nll'l"Snnd thpir gT{lllnrJ crews, lIe

out the Interdependence
01'-11\1 I'mmG

wLQ suffered

rltUon:ll bums,

If I'll repOli'd difficulty in carrying. par:lOhutfls b I: heen inve iguted by BuAe.t. 1t hnl> been found that nO strain is placed on the rip conl 11l111sing
whurl pl.I'radmte.~ ::l.l'e CflDl'ied

lwo grl~,uP~. ~ll!Jnsizil1g the ill1l~lrtnIII tille e ..,r tlw TD""h.
VI'I(,F11

or

the:

1\A :. tl;ln"t.·(l. N.

..

I!lfJ~ W\ulla.g to the :tirshiO. A ~. Ch:uJeston

CnMMA~DI}lC

Or.' T(lF,R

10 ,'!ue.lioM

t,~

6~ST ANswERS on page 7 2.( 3.f 4.d S,C

IlUUlner, provided the housing is properly adjusted. ·this lends to the .nssumplion that the premAture opening and l'lIplltfing of the sllfe~y ,el'll ns reporter! I1IllY he clu to in.~uHIcitllit ~'ll~k in tIlt;' I'ip' curd lIQ1Js~ng. The ewtcnoe of sllch condition. \ hioh will llppellr ill lhe Lmmpl1l1inf?

m

t1111>

HOW'S YOUR WIND"

40

AN YO

10 NTIFY THESE DB

S?

border en T !luiz-theyphotographie the enigmatic. eye of the interpretation
tl TI'i~

uulruiued

eye, LLesl:.' pictures

are more

than

It

Bnt to tho educated officeT, they reveal valuable information that can be used against the enemy. However, don't leL LIS discournge yon. Try your luck before
the copy below.

reading

These dose concentric patterns resemble giant • fingerprints, but octually they represent Nazi eifor's to slow the Allied advance in Libya. They plowed the ground to neutralize ifs landing field pos5ibilitie~.
TIle little mounds look like the handiwork of • doodlebugs. 11'5 an ammuni,tion dump at Weser· .rnunde, Germany, containing Nazi high explosives.

1

Scharnh,orst onchored at La shQt this picture prior 10 a heavy bombing aUack. Anti-torpedo nets (an be seen around ship, and an dttempt has been made la camouflage i,t bV laying netsaeross ship 10 dock. German eFfa.rts to disguise this mighty warship were all for naught, however, as units of the British home fleet sent her to the boUom the day after Christmas.
• Pa.IUce, France.RAF

3

Yes., it's a ship~the

2

• man. diameter, 14 mi'les stalges of

4

Soup bowl:;-? No, tenks,

but not the General Sher~ type. They are oil storage tanks, 195 ft. in located tit farge. in the Schwane:wede forest, northwest of 8.remen. ranks are in vall'ious construction, from shells to completed units .

NAVAL AYIATIO ACTION

U. S. FLEET ACTION in the Pacific is making deep gashes In JIlP ocean supply routes, cboking off the scream of arms aod mate-del to their outlying bases. Attack by Navy Liber4lors on a Japanese ship h! warers near Rabau], shown in the pictures above, illustrates the mouncing success ·0£ naval aviation in [his important cask. The ship, stalked by PB4Y's. took evasive aerion to escape the punishment banging over her head. But a LJberator, swooping down to almost mnsthead level. released its load with deadly accuracy, making a direct bit on the ship's foc'sle,

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