'f lIB

_
",as

ItAR ), ...... e ., ... .... ,b" 'b' ,_"".
unlen:sbeG in \t11 it!! lurY

..... ""U w,,~ tho " 01 m 11• ",. '. s. '-' • W wAh,... ~i"ty '" ro'.,. of d ,~ .. _.ud '" tho .,,,,,,.,, .od hi"', n •• ";" U.s. I d .. o I.or~e"' rseked the st:rontlJy beld Philippines bl\s~ioo. ... tl'l TlflI. 'Gt;OR\UtJl> ,R,\Jl.blll,",d by Na"',"' A Viatioll,e_ttd it tt e ~ ..... 11 to "" ...... ,\Iou .. , ........... ,m, .,.; .. "..-do. bo< ' m "' ".... ere •• ,. Dod ID on' w. .. io<i·

_.n',"<tio
O~

"ri""" ,-

hi""'" U. ",
oureru:mIIlS,

1 "vi,'i'" I., i' l h. N,w "" .....

.........

...,.. i.

urnphartt. .. , "" """, ... boo' "''"' _ .... 0' .i im ~"",,

" ",m' wi'" u. ,.."' b''''· .... 0" ...... ,.",bu.••,;b, .. ~,.,", o. '0 ,....... 'i,." ",,,,,,'" di'".... ,,,, _k. m"d.' ....... "", ,1Ive !!.ed\ltld tbe viet01")' WoJ''' l1 .0' "" .......... ""d' hi'''''' - "Y. "C," ""... ,"- ••• ,.,n.d

b

.,11. . nu ........

r ..

ow

i.' .n. .,,,y
.,....n

r"' <h'"

,,,.,11

*-

"

.ri- ",.

1._'"

."IIi<"

lor ,the ,c!lallen.gin!l year ahe,ail, "GQ()d Bunling!"
~~l'~

[O;_L.~
I!.s,i5t;aiU
f,ettn' 01

8.nl AdP1;tt!· USN,
Chief 01 Bllre'A\l of i\eton~"ri!>1

~ e.{(_~"1'

see!II

for ....r i

a""

Vjce AdWm!. USN. DeplIl:f Cbii:'foJ N', ..~I operoriOIi>!: lAir)

nu ~ HI,

nON

NEW S

UNUA.R Y

1

U45

NO.

732

THE PHILIPPINES
T of the
BE

PIULIPPINE~cliipelago J:~r~ents the high lands extremtties of the Aslatic shelf oEa QDe:&great co'ntwerlt Lhat occupied the space Blled by the entire Ens:!:lndles, Practically eveuy island consists of a 1110U;ntain area rtdng in the center with valleys laid Into the mountain mass. Pea'ple living in the islands may be said to Iace "tlll'twanl" and, in eonsequenee; have besn prone to develop tribaJc!la.racteristics and hold communication only with tlleIr neighbors along the coast. Most of the islands are htlly and, with the 6}CceptiOD of LU'tQD, eulminate in high altitudes that gradually reeede to narrew eQll$-tal plains. But few 'IDf the pea].::s, etteed8~OOO feet. The islands also are densely wood .. ed, with about t;",o-thirdsIilF the- fotal area cevered by

forests,a 1Al"g,e: pereentage of which is virgin country. This. hilly wlllo,fled t,en'ain complicates U,S, assault. H:E FillS:! landing, on Leyte in the central PhilippjIlt'ls, $, forces wiiliin 300 miles of MRPila and focused ectron in the Po.Oi£lc in the direction '0£ Fonn.u~a and the China Coast. Leyte is700,~miles fr0ID Ecrmosa and 850 miles Irom China. situated amide the lifeline of the J apanese Empi!'€1,connec::ting many of Japan'.s island outposts ,,-uth the homelend, The landing was preceded by heavt Navy bIO\v;s against lap installa· tions, shippins. -planes and airB:e1t1sbuilt In many parts of the islands, - This greatly reduced efforts of thf! J ap airferee to in tarfere witth the landing operatlO1i\S.

Tbl'Ci,lu-gbtU

1

LEYTE IS 8TH LARGEST ISLAND IN ARCHIPELAGO OF THE PHILIPPINES
islands exlend /01' liver GSO mile southeastward frnar Lubang lsland (JelU" lh errtrune !o Jf-lanila Bay to Si~jnr Islund (:)11 tlie edge or MutManno Sea, The <>'r!.mpf e.ight o majur and several hundred mirror isilulds includes arouud 24. percent af the total land urea (II th Philippin~" bur is 111Leyte, point of the nne tli' Visayan which comTPhilippines,ralu[groul) off fceal.Philippille lslAllll aua~k auThese pose the cen the Archipelago,
Ern k<rL.A Jl'

.S,

is

Lt.'yltil situated between Cehu snd ,sarlllll. is J:he eighth hugest 01 the Philippine Islands, .Main:ly voleanie in OTigill it iii. gcuentl1y mountainous with. everullarg [ertll valleys. "1111," centrnl mountain r. nge bas elevatlens up to 4.000 feet. Irnpertanee of Leyte ill peacetime was due to its ~g:ci. .. ljILIII':ll advancement, fairly well developed harbor at Tae· Inb31J, and the lewn of rr'ac::iobau. which was the provincial C\ipfli:ll and rnetropolitaa center for the eastern Visayas.. Th tll'iV)l is loeatod on the nOJ'1tinern end the eastern side (\) Leyte, built nero the neck 0f a small peninsula, and ('lIlisists flf 20 Ilr 30 blocks of cemmerelal build mgs neal' il. harbor nnd hOI;! es of ftil1lle l'tlllstmc:til1t1 01' bamboo

tim I of

h,abned h
Iht'

mere than 83JleTe nt o[ lhe
11

tire

.reDip ago.

shrn ,ted P~l'JlJhl

or

Peaceful pre-war tltmnspherr: o-f _PhUippintls is refleeh'!d in fl.~ wftm· of Palo IfItlJltcipality Oil Leyte lsln.ntl. lIuildings are typfcn)
2

Native bets

on ,e Ie shQ\\' "' ulod 01' bttildJIIg With loonl mabedills lind elevatinp; honse» on riUn~s, R(Jr>fs 1'111' thatched of' Flaim

NIVY,

f~II'ln:,"Ii>Sllr1l'" camera ph,,}-t?gnphs .urflllid !J~Ii1t by j3ps In Pliilrppmes. '~it:n nt 30,000 ff:-er tm r'llnrs nl',e "lstl1l., m\ q'muml

Higb

rn,lkfl

altitude
1I11alyllTh

vertit,!lds

11 jUll SlrIJllgtl1 posslble.

fir

eneuiv

iu.>talllHirJns Iike this airfield lltlt phU1~'" in sht!Ite7~

IW-\\ H p1l1Jlugtl\pb.: of Le)'te. wve lhl? impl't!Sl>ioU. J <! penCCr1JJ town sprawled in tJ1C un, \lativil sail~nMs hnrbnr, nnw, the bev'nlld T;~elilJ.,;tI1 is 1II'tt:h flsh traps (li.1t lo~)k from the air like arrows Oil the ~lIrf);l,ct, [)~ Ih(' \\ .ltt1~. But aerial recounnissnnce photogrnplis taken. lit ~{}.OO() f",pt OVA~ l;rl~· Pllfiippines jLl:ll prior to the Amertean tnveston glye a cl1fIcteni impression. The Jap. have lost no time in trellgU1I.'lring defenses of tlle j lauch, \ ellkaJ pnotos of two aitRelt1(> under construciicn are

JAPS LOST LITTLE TIME BOOSTING DEFENSES ON PHIUPPlNE ISLANDS P ply th,.,tropicru b~y illlecl
lJ'pinru

teslimlfflv

ur rushed

urilitary prflpllro lion'>

rllJ

defen,~f!.

IIl1ulvzinf!. [up ",u'fitc'Jds pulut out lui' th.,t urII' bPing grath d urul surfaced. tntl ulrruulv III'l~ optlr:Hfm.Jl'd, I\rmutcl I~IC ,'UIIWrlv:S elaborate svstems Id taxi\..,..n}':s lind r~[Ule I'(l'velmcnts fI!'~ in t1al'!ou~ ..rH~l·1i 'II mmrlelton, Plane hide'S ha [" been ruspe,rsed as muoh 11 ptll!,ilJ!t· III It. ourvilinear palll'''' through the wooded .. ureas II/ lI1illiml7.t' ,Ie:lltna:lilln nf planes 011 the growl(t :;;'11111.1IllIIIH'S IVf'l't' JisperS"etl in these l'e\",linel1ls at tliel:m1l" I hose plt.oh)j..,fl·.~ph;<l were takeu, hill' (Jlhtlrs were lined up '.,IIIIII! I1IB tllll'~.Y~: 1\1. this hj.~h altitude the lIppear R~ lilly IiJIH'k dtlh ll_t!,illlIS( llghl SI.Uf(t('(ld areas. A tOvslcm 'tf rJearly c)efifwil 1'(J!i.lhv:J.l's connects airfield <II'NS tl' IIdlrtl) 1'I11lrl111nrtiOil &ltirag aiul Pl'fsl'luoel barracks, ertioal or lili' type are bigWy " luuble in platlJ:ling an atLack: .lga111.St the (l)"ne:ul\1>,.aS Ihy provirle lhp Interpreter wilh ,. mp'fHm'p.~h!t' ritllH"e or the elll.'rny·~ dn)llgIb R11Cl apt:illfty
1'IJutu InlE'rpJ'clOrs IIIC( 1I1p1'1t!ll 1'lInW. y'
r

TJPical75

rcinfor.ced wllh coconut

l'IUfI.

gun position Is well ca11\oultaged with palm Kondli lOgll. Gun e;m be quickly wfthMavm

Twenly-OVe-lool dHch near landing beach slowed progrus of the V,S. tanks coming ashore, W,at&- is from old rtvcr lied adjllcent
if ,necessary for USe in another pOlitIon. Mmecl coennuLs were scattered around t1ie llosHion and the entire urea well camouflaged with pRb:n fronds. ThiJ and ~ guns had cut no arc of Bre ugh surrounding rrees, and pl1oto interpreters were robbed of one of the best illdica.tians of heavy gun emplacements, 'nle antf~tap.k ditch near one of the landing beaches had an average width of 25 feet with depth oI S or -4 feel below the ~und ~vel and si.de., built up 3 to S feet. Stumps uf CQC(mut trees were left standing in lilC ditcll, LhOllgb In some places t]ley b-ad been dug up_ Trench rys~emll were ~lab{l~aLewith eeneentratians of eommuniearions and fIring trenches terminating in pillboxes O.D the beaches PriQT to and during fhe iUVitSjOD'of Leyte, avy carrier,hased planes attacked rap insmllations in many parts of the PMlippines. bJastIDg aftfleJds, shipping and military l1osi" tlons, weakening the enemr's str~ngtfJ to fight back :AJ avy plA.DeS :Oy overhead (below) dense cloudS' of smoke rise hom ntllways and badly battered Jap planes caught en the ground hemre they could take off or be. Barked in hides.

AMERICAN INVASION CAUGHT JAPS

lust 1\S rylliekly

WITH LEYTE DEfENSES UNFINISHED
pleted. Ul1lnoun~ed guns were found near empty emplacelllenh; ~Iild t~I6T.e.had been little effort La oonstruot ofFsl1ore barriCAdes dIRt had' eo be dealt with in earlier lim dings. Essentially. Jt~p defeD8~ in thj~ ar,ea Were well eanstmeted from In trials ubtainnlJle in tlle immediate 100011ty, with I,l{lconut logs playing nn rmpnrtant part in ~oJlStruCllion of tank barriers, pillbQXBS and ('evetments. P1llbo_xes Were well concealed, built low to the ground. Gun PQsitions were constmcted pf cocellut Jogs ~nd sud, will:! elli::Dalilce throl!lgh 8 t:rencll at the rear. The :75 mm. gt:jD (abOt1e) could be moved' quickly into position from the rear, or withdrawn

Em

A Leyte. I'nund signs 'that ilie Allied developed b ItlFe nil Japanese preparations had been
they

s tr.s, forces

moved inland !'rom landing

beaches

Iavasitm

com-

on. had

Heaw, slIHlke rues

NIlY)' canier~ba.sed planes soften up ~st:alla.tiollS

Irem runways of

badly

battered Jap ah:&eld lIS before inV!l$ion

Navy TBM Avenge, fonno1lon passes oVer enemy a.idl:eld during mid on the P.hillppillfis. Jap -planes- smoke in. revetments below

Manila Bay was crowded wlth .lap ,~hjpping as the first wave of N..vy dive bombers and torpedo planes struck at the heart of tho Philippines, taking Jap defenders completely by surWU&. This first attack on Mantle OilY was successfully C'Arripd Gut on 21-September, leaving rnany ships burning and sinlting in the barber. This oblique phQtograph taken by a Navy pJlOlognpher during the atta k provlded ,ntcrprelcn; \\ ith importurrt

information oonccmrng new lype.~ of Titp merchant ships, In (he immediate foreground, sandwiched between two bomb bursts, is the new standard type lanker of ,5,200 gr)S!; tons. Further to the rear can be seen one of II IIf'W elnss uf ore carriers recently put intu use hy til Jap.~. The harbor city of Manila, which can he seen in I he backgrtlllllU, was 1101 bombed during this action, I). destructtve ItllllW. ou Jap shipping.

s

PI~mes

oI.'lIllPke te.o.'tlfy ttl f~Ct!lIracy of a.\' bombing in direct htts tieored on COO\! Harbor mstnllurlous. jolP s1ilp$- wert' lelflsin1.ing

Her deck

smoking and fore and aft bQlils af:l:te. this Japanes,· trelgbte£-lro.lisport is photographed at most hmglu lly attack' plan.·

INTERPRETERS STUDY PICTURES OF EQUIPMENIT USED BY JAPANESE
about tnt: 'n~rny is the kind ~(lul(»melJl he III \L.'i1r~g to ftght [he wru, \1 here tlilq e<lulpmolll lIl'l)' he expeeted Lu 1llI;l1W all appeal'iUlC:: and what it l()lIk~ llke when mf'i lnce

m O...

01'

Itlt-'

most Important

things fh

r

\1a\)'

rrtll!il

kIlO\\

s quickly as p1'lssilJl€, ruuJ his requires a 101 I CO'OPl"l'lloon from plane erews, 1'13001111u1&li<H\ee photographers. photo inrel1Jrutl'lrs and men ill Naval InteUigenc loJho are :pe..e.i.'llly tramed I., tran lul(' reconnaiSslulce lf1rQm1:~lion into gr.aphio form. naval phoWgmpLer. flying with it. bomhlna "'lid ill Jllpanese waters, bril1gs Imel pictures (Ir enenily vessels in the Jap EQr(..'eo hiS ship. These P ClUte', .tre procossed 111 t
I

ment appellJ's Oil the seeue, iruonnutil)ll conceming '.it must

to fRee fn t]l Beld. When a !leW piece or et1.lmly equip-

be d.rculated to all battle frnnta

urussunr-e plrUlllgl'Rphs of ellemy tl.Cm'ltl6S, .rec(:lr~,Il'1g new tyPOS 01 in5lnll:tUolIS or military eCllllpllQt'l'il nl~w"'ed. Whf'11 II IJ~\' typl:' :,iror~ft yr warship ppears, tbey musr s_pot II :\IIIJ tl'-pnlt 00 its oharaderistros for futul'e kJenUSca:Liim PI" . pUlies. \Vir 11 a 111m" shlp is dIIlOO\tp,fed. U ph tograpW~ inlerp"I;'oI,llilJlI I'f'pprt Is written describing lbe shipl givlf)!.! tlPpnrxullutc dimen .... , d1];pJIL£:;eIl1,e1It. rlml (ypes (If arma lr}ll !T1~111. IM~'d on all allltlysl$ ur the phOLulttllPh& avai.lJJ.blt' rill!; report, .t!oug Wili! photos. then is gont tI) llItelUgen . to men ('.\pl·rieuct!d in gLllJ'lhil' WI»),k 1I1H] filillililo1t wiifh tn· t'f'I'[,fC'l'tllinli. The jl;)h (f these ~ hip processors" is .OIlC of l'eC:11Jlsll'l1c:unn, and tlle)' f1ft-e.rJ are abl to rleveh,p. &011] 11' l'OTn~lIljml nl ;; II'II):QIIS rratur grllphi' "'<lleri:U lb.:.1_lrepl'ti'~~llr~ III clb~ply lpprlJidtnlllw.: LIm flpptflll'fiJ1CC of bJtliel'l!1 nil kJlIJ.WlI vessels. This il1fol'mntrOIl is rushed hack to the Fk'pt ,1I1.rJ f>Olitl'f'I.NI PI' udded to as inft'll'lunlior11 availnble

lhe lnh :lmJ IUl1'Ied OVal' to Na,ty Photo Iuterpreters !tIl ·rudy. These specially b'alll4'lcl men m:8 111 a good position III keel' up with ,my New developments in the enemy's nghHIl)! NI~Iipllleril IlCCtlllst! they, are const:ull.l~ analy~jrl~ r ecen-

battleship

ZlIiho class. J lip

:ctl rri,.r wi t h RigIII d"ck came is 111 siril..i!1.g :><mdiH(1l1 IIftClT •

uf4t gf'fl to
kin~
1\'

lipp,aar like [nrpedoes

SbU:lOi photo
HI'!UWr II

shows Jap bltltLl.e.~hip l'alll$ nf
il I~i~ "MIll
to escD}>'tl Ilttacl:in

(l]nII~ 111

('Jroular rnaphilippine battle

6

ViI1IcaI Phal0 taken by ''''avy jlf;ine over J~p(lw)OO 'fh,ltlt tjff Philippilles shows ten of the Emperor's warships sill1a(l'etted 'a'g,uinst

the; ·dark water. Interpreti!rs point ptlt two hatt1tlShipS, Jive heavy cruisers and three, de.!l!t'oyet$ In this .ana)' of Jap sea power

ClasaIe.rl.aI

f d.uk smok.

vl!i'\\

(Jf ll.'l~ 'Yllmtl.!Q d!!~>, Jtlp hl!1l1~~hlp ~ll'I'\,s uiUI>\v~ pI 'ril'I11~ Illl! nf thr dl"{'1,; near Fnrwmdil 'flSl tI.U'T~·l

Setlif]KSliD 8ilhollaHes this Jal' ernlser as Navy bambi ann mr~ does drop arounol it. Bartle took uJlIce 23 Ootober all l'hllfppillel 7:

Painters Blackout
'In a certain
1;\1':1;1

squ<ldrolJ. all

gllSO-

l1nesel~Mor valve qundrants we'J08 painletl so that the. color hlaclt: w~wd indi~5 the maio taljk, t~Uow dltl aux,-

but ir :lbQuld disquali.fy you IU aPPC. 'D1i!I'e i, no excuse for d"CI11:11:1f.M"III'Y ,i'i Iks irl yolv<!d, II ot tit mcmd 0<1:1. til e po p p cd riv,ets end tb:e wcilllded skin wbich rna>,
1'Illiult £11"011'1 due CXH'a ~I:rain.. Thel'l, till'. ir~I'.II m,ighry p-oo~ h1l.&ic, ;IS all .... o have h operllled in ruugh wat~r ca£l Icitjfy. One ,,,ther (bing, d.on't p"n up ma! .IId,,,i,. .about ~'bidll';""''' ThOt i, ~orottbillg

iliary tIDlk all d tecltlJ e "0 If' pOsItlOll,

In one airplane, _th~ paiTttel' lIpparently became con£u~ed, 1.Lll~ did 1101: bold 10 th~ Driginal color se~eme. Hili origin.ll,Jity was OQt tpprecn~t,ed U cOII!!!e ?I days later when II: pilot flyfng ehl.!! arrplane shifted tanks. l:n .the landing di~de aria itnmailiately thereaftel' exptlrlene.ed It total cngiuc Iallure, The mbs~9l1w:lt fQ(c,ed llln,dJlIg_ in rough tep'tiUl Tesuheu in all uul CQI:nr1ete slru.etion of the pllLI'le_ .

we dido'! used. 10 have. 1'0 WOI'r-)' about; h 'flU -alwaY,1 ,afec 10 6)' "_"~"i"'g jlou I:ould 1IIei inf9 tbe "i_llJut nllt s.o ....iLb me ho r sapo W<'J" II vailab[e !oday. "TIle ..emllJ;h iJ[ it Lfhe:rIlUJT squadron ,1<_Ippu c:eo:e:ody brought WI, t.lIme ttl me. Whil~
-",av-W,g ·about bow
1i'1U)'

it _

to

lake-

oe-

(III i.n Ibe ovedoad CO 11di rio,n, he ~lIid, " ••• !Jilt 1 didn't dare' let 'IIn},:bo4y gO atl th.e fit'si twoh:ow:~ after take·off." See
T.O.

valve was pOSitioned On 8 black quadrant (suPDo~ed1)' a l1Iai11 tank). in TOO_lit)' the valve was on "'olI-:'
Pttlibo;,e f""S: Of ",pu.I'$". you mil:,ht Or:tl!~Q check the paintotr. but II~ !lruIlb~rthotk~r to ,w3t£l:l ",,1)' $1' re way (0 p 1"0 t~c;~ P if 0.'" type of "oMia~l:!t 11 to reach them '),"em Df llodcpitc.Q!Jttol tbro~b Min <lif o.ld t'titf. ., Grll",pil",

ure showed thnt. white

l\n im'!:tStigntiun uHf) the ,el1gin~ faile-

co 11 (r,ol co nlC;()U$.

9744

and

gel

weigb:t-;ilnd-baJan~
,

the selector

But'on Up Your Overcoat
Before departillg .on a routlne gunnety flight.. the pi]or ttf_ :lill FBIi' nlJl,e~ that 1:\\1'0 of th~ D211s I nstenerson hI, port wing gun eover were loq~e, He reported ihis to the plane cllptaln. whe attempted to secure them but was un" able 1,l1i do so. The plme captail') then ,told tue piiolt.hat he though!' the gun cover would hold even though two of t11€~ Iasteners Were leese. 'Seing in a

~.

s:,et 'Of II&he .m i&lu him. f rom tbj~ the -todd! f.rcquO;lnf

neJ

Look Before You Land
Failil1:g . t6 notethl'lt thelandlng ecurse bad been dllltlged ISO degrees iinre his takeolt, a snuieJlt .. r..i1ot made II.

'*

A "hot' lauding was made, Imrnediately 011 contact (he nose- dug in, causillg the aircraft t flip Oller '00 its back. The pill'Jt tina .fou~ of {he crew were killed; all others were ,~cltieally injmed. . 1n..,~tiga:l;jo? disclosed that at the bm_e of fandJl1g the o.c. was 0.8% forward of the mn-;ciml~m allowed limiJ. • The follillw1ng r6COl!1frU]ildQUOIIS were 1JJated 11) i!Uect itl tllae squadron, tiJ preclu.df;
wg
ret;tlrt'I!'R("e

landing .t night. At the. same time .. m.

down-willa

1. tf eontaot will. tlle towl!r OO[lllGt be. ~t1lbJtmed. pilots, ~hpuJ~ cire!e ~ela[Ja. 2. So.caDed "hot" J.~gd.b>gs,ilioula be d~contlnued. l'llols either mould stall the aItplnne. in 01 _Plake a nermal poWer Inndmg, withSJilecd no higl1er th811 lIec.csSllry to mabUahl good control. fj, Befor\: .,",'Ommeneing D landing approllch" check to insure !hat the pTant: i~ lvithin the safe limits- (If balance. I1fiI.. G'rl1mp".... P~I'jbone s~j: &"* "Hot" Jandigg in big bOUlS being .. p,et tl;lte of min!!; rVl" "9u~10 5m1fHi off. lleno\!' i"-II 'it thrill to bum 'nQlI 1)11. II OJ.lIk\l,!l fau feel you lire n ,smooll~ pi1<K-'
area to d!!l:~rnnl'le
W11!.d

(4$lm11"r aocidentS':
dirdtioll.

ather student
S

VI! II.

the wind. This latter student !iuddeilly saw the other plane corning {It"Jlim. Fa!timllotcly

correctly ~ jato

landing

• ,_ • • " •
.

hUlll'J. the pilo~ considered the problem DO £uttll€lr and took olI, A sho.tt time Jat&, upon reQ'o\lerin_g from ·an overhead run, the gucn. cover
tallsection. Tl'le a.irplane immediat(;li}" was thrown out of control. After-falling to recover and subsequently effeoted a -safa lnndIng. Ttl prevCfll recurrence of. such all accideJl~ the investi_gating boatd reoomii:teaded a clO1let cheCk anti replacemeut of a:I1 defeotive Dzus Iasteners by pl'~e c~ptains 1.l11~~ngil1eerin)( crews. 'fhjs Ul1lt now prohibits 3nylligti:t unless all sue)l fasttmf:rs are secured.
:1>

tore loose

3ff<;l

'seriously dantaged the

for both pi1pts, he was able. to prevent ~ h'm~-ol1 'COlliSion. The: tlpS of Lt.e OP[?osmg wmgs did not eleru'.however. anll ,e:c.tel1!;ive damage was .done to botl, aitc.rnft,

by

~-"~Sl'ic acti~n.

t1itQugh the

O\iI?ICaSt.

the p1.lot m'fJl'Iaged

Patr.oil Plane Doctrine

meneed 1l1andiTlg o.pproao'b into the bay without ctJl1t$oting i.het(Jwer or circling the landiIlg area to cheek the w:.rnd•• fu ~ result, his gU6!1$ on wind direQtiQn was: in "'rt~r and he roaoe II down·wind approa:eh in a boo.lthy lZ--knol wind. 8

Hight. a PB2Y piI9t (2121 hOlliS} eom-

.Upon rctumln,g to base nioDl a patrol

Carriers
Lu NAMrws
HUll FROM YoUI

CQmlfnefl,._.__,gin CJ; -me I., QJe fMteft!U ma,y .. .,mpletely wr«k an a.itplRiI1~. Ir .. qUUlt ch:«.Jc. and ~eplac",ment oJ all inope..ative - Cli!slC!tlcno .h-.:.uld 'be :;I 'tnU:wt'.

Damage to Private Property
dm1HI~(l' I" private propert)! gJ'owmg ut 01 rh uperlltiuu elf naval rutOl'aft often arc 'i6riously delayed through improper hllildling by cognlzant nnval activities. In numerous cases, l)ropw- y owners have boon advised to makeclaim for such dnmages direct tl~the Djstrirll Ci)Jtunanclan I , S-C¢N1W. J C. etc. It is the re· ~ponsibi1ity of the ojJerating unil 10 jn. ure thut thrlllliges ar in veslig'Utcd inunedilllely and churns properly prepared . and SULJliitted. g('e Bu.Aer Manual, rt. 13-142. and instnlctions nn the b c'k: of ~aYAN Form 4~t) Copies of this f~J1J:'l'1 shoul ..! be cnrrted in ~h eJ<tel"lded flight pneket. ,,'hen dEl.ma~e is minor or Ier l'lth 1 reason pro[l!;'rt)' nWTl('rS do not wish tv claim damage, the owner's Sigll:!lllll'l1 til
ftJ!

that

, eltlem >u1 ol clainu

Iii g,en.eml. the ~pera'll'g lIUlI t;t)U (rum pujJliu Ullllti[>,., £lmtlJd Ix- itermzed. (.eJIJl(!d is the gt1\'ertlmC:!lu's representsI~\'erl though the urnuunt llf the (~lll,im rive in these oases ~md shcH(ld Insure exceeds ~ I.OOO.On, th 111tOO.mwn Ural Its illoorestsll1'e prole¢:ted. At th~ :Jfl1tl1lul t'he Ntt\'v now is uuthoriz d to -Ilt.IIC lime. III imitllts ar en IitIed l I p~ly, the cluitn ;bouJd b i1rwsUgtlt.cd pro mJl t j\utice. ,urciu] hivestigatiull 1I\' and '1ulll1l itltld·. twh claim uftell eud tit) 1..'; privatt' lrills 1(, Congress with the ~,1\ being Iequested to in ~stig.1te ar~a rep(Jl'( (uJly wll 'lll 'r th" dllim is jU!f1 and I"C.lsonable, W]ler~ exb;mih"l' d~tTl1ag.e I>n orehards. ~!')l'e~(s, {It<,,, !li'e caused by
(,.Lrof'1(

lnrm, il possible, I1mJ submitted Department. L'l!~ge dillm.~ Ilud

Ifed $hlJuld b

obt.lincd

un tile 10 the th~e

pniring

damaged

L>uudlngs and other

In5tallub,,"ln.~.

&bolJ It! .It'Conlplish htlLl1 lhesla objectives. V.'hfl)) unr asonable olsims are pn~ sented, lUI attempf sllPlJ1J b - made t~~ nits sIlOuJd not, however. refuse In Mt'ep! clalln:;. C\'eO If property 0\ 1!t>1'~ p~]'sjst 111 to,I;Jirniug unreasouahle .uuonuts. ftl S!I(:·h eases, lh.. praotrcable.
luwe. tile'ln ('ol'rected ut 111f' source, if

•1ir('Thll Heddellls. the rovcmment l~.g· ricnltural ttKeu.ts in lhe illstrilll m tIle ilivestigntflll( nffit'ffi'S' remanks ,lmtI1(IiJ 1.1,; officers' [orwarrl'rur Forest Servict; ¥~pJ'eslOn~th'es sbould

aud

com-

be r {Wested

cl;U)lage.Publle

ttl

aid ill t'slimnting th W(l1'I.:; O/Ik'tJFS: are often

ment should specily (.\ Mly and full, wh'erein the (1l'Qgel'tY 111"\'no1" claJI'fI is
crmSl'dered lU1f~,'S,)Jl'lhl~ nr lmjll t

I'!:ndorse-

well .qualiflecl to figLlTe th e emit of TC"

Here are two of l'Jl<lUy aecldents vhici:hneeur b cause pl!t11S dellberatelv attempt unnecessarily dangemu& mu
1. An t£s pilnt (3911 hours) pel' fomtcd a rell nt JOO el altlllldu. urnething went \vrong. H' crashed, killing h'im.self anti his pnssenger, 2. Atl eA:'Pf'rieIlNti F6F 1)110'1saw II beat-load (,f gil'b Oil a lake. He eouldri l resist th impulse til shl'l~v ~ff, On Irh second dive he '4 .~a:het1-fD during his pull-out. Luckily. he missed tne llr)llt by 5-0 Y!lfrls,
Grtlmpm> P~ttiho .. e tJ)'S. 1Ii\...i.~ A c,mple of fine '''n~l"'iblllti''f)$ to the 1\<01' trF'oru en~m)' ngenh would have ~eQC.ivcd 1t'1l1diUs for aC4'l»l11plf .. hil'\g th" ....· Jame reswu, ~

f_my Victories
neuvers.

lhis case eVldent1,. saved !Jj. life; the ;J:1l.ulIctor Was killed b callse- bi .,,!lUte. didn't ~,,~ limo:' 10 open. The w&.9I... thing II'U unneceSM:"y. hQweV«'_ The mstl'DC1:ll)r'~ m~ wouJd have been IW~ and IL,.. srudem wOl.ll<tn', have had 10 d"pe,ui QO luck}'

bl'M/;;, if th~- decision ~" ;..mp had bo.!rro made while there We IjU 41tm.de. Theee Are mony on reeoed ,vh""" ",fots llnd p$Stmg ..r~ h ...ve failed to juml" in elme.or La" .. crashed witll the airp[",n'" without making Olnyappare.nt ,,{for'( (;I, jump. M.an)' of theBe wauld nOI b.",,,e been fatal had the ~iJou sizw up th.,. Jijtuati.Of1

CII"~

wC)oe., a.nd bailed out immediately.

Aft ..,

1l1',\'ltfel',s'

krwwil'lg may pl'OtJe futal. If
lIIi.~$ 1111 (tIM'1(°er 011

knou) ITtI!' I,. !l~e'&e tI'/tal imls 1,1 tlu: (ri!'. th« !'t'mll ty 11111
tl

AU

iator« $hQlllrl

tnT

yO'll

peurilize yO[lt~mf
Ih
re/ectetlC'I',

Ih(> gl'tlmlfl hll '(loki/II! lip

11 Plidai r 'l.olli &l on, for in ItllllCe" mer.. ill u51liIlly mOte. dll:n:ul.gl> to do" pbnes tbm1 ill c>lwjou~ 10 the vilot • It j,. up to them [0 u[t<).I'n.pl o regnin control. Once thUi fa;I~. t however, 0'10 ~ime ~hD'Uld be waned -ing,"ling "Vel' the jid.e. This i~ >l trick Nbje~J to dilllltll1$ beeau" .. it iii i"mpossjb~e 10 /11), down exaCl rules, N Ii cue "'ants (0 jUIn.p and ...ash out a perf,,1 g d airplane.. Bur m cales like thk wber .. ther" i~ Dnly tilne for a ham' deeijon, it is hmch benet luplaYlllf .. and jump th'lln to Ita.)' with !hi> pi:...... until to.. I.~ ..,

To Jump or Not ta Jump
Aher u mid-air L'llllUrln .tt 2.fI(}() f~el dm'fng (Illal 1'1)1 mohtm Itaill]II.g:_ <lll N2T
uo~ he nUl.de. IHe [",sllll("IOl 'lppllrenll) f)Lcl(~rccl the ~tml('llt to illHlp !lnd tllE!J' -1,Hil'd 0\'(11' tJ It' lot lj~ al: .u allillllh··
IIndl'l' J

''''hen it

r

II flHo U J;lel'p dh'e.
appelHed

nut

of contHiI

t1141 re("fw('I)

conl"

I,non fed. rile Shl('ltiml did,,', hl'lIl ll1'l· prd 'I' III fill P hut IIJlfJll ~f'l'illg llw iu."t.rhC'lUI

1. Wh'!" two arrerafr are Qn ceoasiqg coursO'S 31 approximatcly the ""Ul • '1llitud e, W.hf~h On ha~ Lhe d~l1t uf W")'? 2. U tleo."<Sll I'V to bAil ou~ 10 II OIpln. in "'hillh directil."ln ~Iutlild )'OU lea.'(' Ihe ('o<'.kpnl' ,«-'},y1 'I. I r you ;'lI'j' .lble "'1 fll'l1J) bn",k ~o 1>",.. wlll\ " (rippl d p.lQne "ngille. "hauld you bother the
I~W(\I"

Ca:seof the Careless Mech
F.1ll1y od Il;lVnling the l,11UJ6 C!t\prUIIl (If lin V6F climbed into l:1'i (}ckpit tu ~tM1IUU! tesJ hil; ""!!:iIIP. The flf1giHi' lllih·d to fu~ em lh,· first attempt and lin the .tlcnno ill10 l:hird Bred on] bridh I )l"h.,,{" sl"Jll'~!n g. He tLen left the 'COck pil [II lit Ip P(lll UIIJIIli!h on ~he prHIwIII:'T. \ hc!' Ih!' pJ'up h~d turned almllt [Olti 1.1;H'le~.lhe engine snod nly c~\lght aml 'ill'rwd "l fll nig:h tiP,,!, Tile plRJlecap·

with

4_

",_,,11 inform;nJi!

tilt' ('1)ckI3il. Bclievillg df'lll altitude 10 dIe
(h'cid('rl 'ltterllpt
Cl'<lfl,
ttl

[pm"

Ih~

rlUllt'

]1l1llea himself llil ill Ih"re wlJj; Ullmm'I

a snte ILlUlp. h_

slake ~vrrvlhilllL UJ] IJllfltht'l to 1'(' '1\ f'fl ~rmt",!)l III tJWIUf'

\h~ul tlf )'0111' p"",dl,,;nn~ht?' ~/b or wh)' not? 4. fn ., 70 divt' with It qleed of ~QO .kn..,m, ;;bUlll "0111' ,IIu ...h "I. rin,d.. '~"lJld )'oU los duricg a !lormal 5 "G" pull-Dut? S. How Inu<rh tllOf" "lthud~ i. rc.*
<Jujrcd to n>cA)V"l: frorD
il

flap ...

Thl" plalle. c.lid lesj'lclful If) th~ COIriltullcvl'ltnl orr ;\t aluml ] 50 feel011 to the;' d'llIl1llgeu I'tirtac " altitude l'f!llid not beo ),!<iineci. .!ltJ the studeTi 1 pIcked out ,1 d~naring II:nd mnd.e a s:tf lfrnding.
IW] .. ~

and

loading, .am.. altitude ~t of diw and timl"f puU ,n. .ame angle of d;v~.. and &an., .. "0" dlU'in~ PU]J.OUf.
stnrt
tl,l

liP diy'(, tlllU"1 (rom One with divh~ flap. 'l'()lit?-aL1 1)1..,. COI1It.an:t, '1«'., _me model pl3lle

".~ri.

Inill trieu 10 gel bad. to the cookpit. was h!O'i\<'! Irlt Hi> wiug. The pllln!' 1111r1pl"d tIle PllotKs ;hld t..:li(lClIed <fOWl] 1mI1;'I'f'{'11 !;\V'!~ rows n f p:irked aircracft. l"oUiding head Ol'l WJ:lTI IUJOUler F6F. The mechauic ~tt work fin the set:ont! 1"61' Wll.lI fntal1v :i.njurt!d.
IlI1l


,~

r.,.ampiJ1i

p,.lIiblimt·

S/fYJ1

g~~ Gt'amptnl'
The

P~'Nib{H'f! !"y: .. otUdenr8 qlJJd.. decl.ro",

A.JI~w.,r.•

Qui:t

on

Pllgr

411

in

Don', w"i. ror til;. to bil.ppe" ,11 )lQ\_.f outfil! Tokt:- imruediah' stl~t,. 10 inllu.r.,· th '"~"rTect !Ita ~I ing ,,1"OI:e:d ure. and p r • lIucinn. are In I1ltcct. Thep be ru ... 'thill e ~hody in the squaiiron knows ,,-boul rb .. pr<enUlioru .abd thAI tbcy ..,..~ "bf4!'r~ed.

10

New Method Selves Time. Troflsport"tJoII ~~urlough rutinns will 1m issued dl redly h~ transient tllIval personnel ill lIn Frunclsco It)' pltnell< tllll"~i.llllllk,tl-rs 1'Ws streamllned system (If direct TilIWlling i' designed tu .'1(1\ t' li(1)L' alit! InL'tll

Naval Oistrid Will Issue Rations

ul c:ivi] p11al's oerrifleules 01'1a military eompcrone hasis wert' \ 101l1eld until
hostilities
t'1It1,

cllmimt te ,~t/lm: Ihe CI.lI:II IINip'lI ,11111 (:)! deluv lbllJ \ fluId' 1101:'111' hom th I inev: tllbl~ til)od of appHc'lUOU~ rf h~wtnce

Slllkr!,~

Oil

transportauon by
l'\ava!

volved, rnude

Secess:lrY the

TwclrlII
wI

Gffke ot Price ,\umWISITlIlh;II'
f\aliuu currencv

District

lWll'llUllW in,I ITang«!n1on I' 'i 1'I't're . IllJfYdlldiiJl1 tit th
t(ll'
LlUtl

Combat Experiences Are Re-=orded
SpedJl"

Tries ,\last/wad Bl1Illlil1lr,. Dumbo Dor« It Agal/l, 3'n(1 Do;J,: Sel1re. Oth!!'I' record1ngs now are being. pn' ducecl on flghll;J)' dir 'DUll pro' !dIJJ '.\ Iilr cl':art lnt l;~r (ltmlJ11UlueatiOtI5 pH' vedures. ",'()ckpjL chcokmrts tor til .$C-J F4.U-A, 1'\"-2, P -I. , n I PBJ.I, in&"trut:
liun;,! v(lQ('l'ditgs COl' the SC-I turbnsupercharger mairrien IJIGe train6l', !Ill' HuM d hospital rehubUitalion PJiOgrlUll .uul tl.itchillg pro adnre. 0]' !Ill ~ ,·)E na VLl J uirt!t.d-I

r I'llk

II/ J d

<

(If

/)tlll.

'rhe

TIl /.

01'11;1 the newest of

D,evlces LIds

liewest

Iuulures

Feafures

of "ull-

gasolino

I iI be ~ued llnd Ule COUlml.1nUfllll

r

ftlr 11.",1 N' and ternpornr» hlfld rutious
~'I

regionuJ orlid,lls, "' 1h~w:l.TJ('s
IIr

utt IIPI'!'lU,liPI.1

Gunntry Units Outgrow a Title
Frae GUIIII8ry

JjF

the-reeerd" l,l'lliniIlg umthucl dey lop d hy Bu:A.er'~ ',P(;lCilll 0 vices Dh'i:lOII is tltl1 l'!:lcol'ding of L'I'JIl'lba.t experiences of Inval antl M:l!rine Gorl)S personue], The recordings, which consist 01 wtll'd,[ol'-wtJrrl repiJrt~ rnll~!.;! l1y n i r~&)1 to t.b Air Ill( UigcIIC (;1'1) IIp_ Pivi irlll

r

l1.ec(lI'(lillgs ulse

ill!'('

been produced

• val

lntelligellce,

Air A'rcr,,!w UnIt l'it:le of the A \·jill,on Free ell r:tni'lrV I-nits teoenllv \VlIS l:hunged hy tire Nnvy
lecomes

prepa·red hi !l,O'IIJ!lhtl avlnunu

prImnrily .1J"e slwk'Ll\!s

Inr ([ varied Iisl nf Instruments. cockplls ol'dll~lIl(1 ilJ.'111~, radin commumcatius» Pl'rI<:. JILt ... rlOl <:1\ il lIirway lndJi~, nnd "

the weather.
AdvIHIUI!$.'i

!If iJl~II'uC(iol1ul

rtlem

to CombatAlrcrew
0It' 'Ilr,

Tl'llirl1i!1g UmtN. more
rJIt'h
l',III.t.'UOns.
fll'~[

tel

to

dc'St!l1ihr'
HiI'

ill S a e: - ~[)mplet£' discussion of sulrjf'ot. ..ltl.,d:mli?,ffU\11I r presentalioll t"lISt· with whic,1t llmv are. followed, b muliness, arsd 1l~si8ta.noe thev :dfoJ'lI
the ilh'lru('tl.)r. l\ec>erdings
1:1t(~

(I

Sinee the units were

es(n,blillhe.d nl

ure' rev. t'rI

varlous nu nl

1942. then' hns bell II lrementlcms.

Illb/llIl>

in Murch

III
tt\

I'DgttluJll,

tu iuc:Jllrie
Is

iuformatiou_

nated Nilvul Ail GUJ1uer~'dltlnls,
lest' eOllUUlJcd
LI,I operan-

p:msion hI the;;~ fundfom. A parr of ille ul'i:rill1d Jrl'tt ~llIllIel, Lraining units- were ~\Jbs queritly tlesig

leathernecks Get Gunnery Work
111ft" ROllge HDHe~' A"d LO~G.sf

TIl - butt}

ol

Devil"

Oven

ragf:'lo

flu:

f1S J 1'1;'1"g"U ,

rl8ry units whil their hrn,,11lJnI!l ,', flMLdeil ~o meet nseds flf ['he lIel't. From units orlti'OJllh' intended 10 trnin enlisted 111l"n 11 the '""h,tion vr;illL'l.i
ill

free g,LUJJJefy Ihe C(illIlllll t A ir,'rml Trn'lniwJ UiJits now Iurru h iustruetinn fur plll1ts as \ ell !IS "irCl'eV,,-m()11 Tlu-

dullv ,'~ Mr.l'-;.) .itT eICl'il." no ill what IS ptol;:1 hI)! t1le houe's! and lu1\(i!SI 11"\1'1 I'ille l"auge ill th WQI'I(1. Nieknurned Devil's \Tr;'11 l)cl#.lIhc- ,II the h r.d lhe n'rn,~t' y 1 1I11<;ai I. ~.Llllioll In llll' Iit'lari (If UH' Imperial Vallev h more Ulan LOOi L below ~t':t level. _\
~i7.z1io)( dl/St",!
RECORDU'GS FEATURE AIR COM PAT el<P£R,,,,,,CE

l"u.infng

taj,;es- in ~,jbif't't~ lit recogufliOll_
en. survival,
fllld

105<> tJ\' as lti~1t lUI J ~IJ'
tures
It)

~uII !'nukels fempl:l'lr~ 11 10 the JutH fall and
ill

IUccI-,llmnl'"

eorumunltations, 0 n !'lee, rft'f. glln"U1.flJ'Y

DId

ltwd gl1J1rtery,

CAA Amends Civil Pilot Rule
Mode For "'f1li'C1.ry P.erlo,".el mlllt111') pUnt..> rnav "btahl 'vII J ilnl~ "'f!I'liJiWI~' rill .1 mllibU': cornpp.t(,IH'e hIL~i~ wlule I'll aNjyf' d lt~ 'hfr)u2"l1 'I rt>ct'1I1 a 111(-11,111'1"111 III ChIli t ir BegJl!ntihl1Ji, IJI'e\,j(lusJy mJljlJT~ L10ts could not nblaln a civil piInr~ ('wtiRclil t' IInti I r lea~ed rron I till t\ The ;rllll'urled regul<lhon l)1SIII'(yS Jut q1.Mhfi~'\HIJ'I~ Irl tJl - J,lJul I'm Hit· ,..H!II!! '(iII~ht .HfO al lelL~l til"" I!q lIilm!ellt r l{ Ihos~ liI:ed by Civil A11 Reltnblir.lllS, HellslJlIs r am\lttdtn,g nle regllJuliull1i ,ll'l' 10 fucilitnte iSliuRIlce of ~:h'l1 piloL!> t'ertifi~tes to millL"U'v Pi:fSOl\1lt<J so Lhl'\
"'molldmellt

personnel with work heing tloue 11)" naval ail rs <Inti lo ~h w bow uuportant lessons learned In the d \ iation I nunillg pr~~J'll1t1 can rruve I'll .retnal opw-atiullS. Tlre VliJgJIIIl. repotis

amllnlh'll,g

Dated

wert'

CONFmF 'i·('(1\ ..

I"

Ite(,OT(lings are

II. ES'U\

11 II'in.

The rl'!l'orcliugs l'LUJ be plllyiKI on anv ,~tllruhlrlcl phUtlograpJI. 81'1es 011 (."011"Hill; Ilr ~l!{ Interviews, (,1'teL witll II n Ull'1 L-al Illtmdu(.'l:ion. Tbc,V ar ; The Long \l.m II! th« I aot), W/ltl/ Oarl rOil no W/lt'fl "'m'oed DllIt,..'1l at SelJ? l'kl'

Ihe.ll' rifles and ln "zen} ill" their 1.11gb!", Pill'it~. flight crews and others wh. re issued pilltols fire 11 nlrniliariULtilJlI eeurse with tht'l .45 cflllII"I' pilft'lll lloJ .f38 calihpl' revdlvt)r at the new pistnl
rallgc adjOining

AV'1It14tn ~ftll'iHell Ure salvo uflDI sal v n in ~11is rufomu corved Irum :'<r~C'In ISl,. ~'1IId 1"1Illp>lrl"ll and C'actm ill iI Ilut-l 'I)Ul'lnr,~rI ('1111\,011 waned bv sl\['(" oiuls some .J() F(;·( higll The;\' liJlHI, slllllcief,ll rounds ammunition tl'l r II mlliueize themselves l:ltorl11Jghly wit})

or

Carriers
LET NAftEWS ~
HE,U FQOM YoUI

~-~

11111\' legnlly
III

the

Uy

hlil llirCl'afl

while

SIH'\'J(~' Tile

C'han{!'e also

~lin
il1

Ii

"wei, '300·\'lurl 20fj·v~I'd aud I::lO-Vl1rd firing lillO'S al't hav!" b0cW relJllilt 'lind I1JlJf(> 1,11'gl t" ~I tldt"ll, Tlw I·p 111" 110"" I,:; IIlrget.s. QU l;ol h rjjle ftmI pl"ioJ rw.lg;e~ I'b Improvised Title tar!!;!"t ru 'h <l1f"
tllfique.
l'Om

the rillt' 1't\lIgt'. The 500-

hlJ

swi1l'!fll~ 011 W()i'!deo.1l ltil.lg!:CS hil'g t posilin" to horimnmatkin~ I osition, TJ)fl!W tll,'ks Wen"

uprlgl't

I"

l~lI.stn,leled

('1)11,

of di~l'flrde(1

Ilimber

11

Island Geography
Pltk tlle bc,\i choice to f1Q:,l'IJ1«feehe ~ilte~ment.il. b!donJ,,/ten dllilck !J(J!lr ull_swers on '}'Jflgg48.
I.

The
8l\e----

li'odd's

five

l'a,r,l:tln idand!

o

u-Cr~n1Uf.ld,
ngMtlar,.

o o
tJ
Z.

b-Creenlmul, ()....,Bon:lt~o,
d-Burnell,

Island)

New 1,e!l1~,nu (SQu.th

Japan, nomen, Mad-

New Cuinea., 13or[lett DaHill' hlll,ld, Maan~eaT

ear, England, Japan

New- Guinea,
GJ;f'.enland,

Ml!.dag-~

nell, Sumalrtl, Japan

New

Cui"

lh.e 'l1;l1m l!,!i;I;~j ;tppr'O.)(im'atc.iy [W(Ithird.. of thl! papldatiaD i~ ecncen-

Among We five mi:llnl' i~I;mdi' of
rearedon._ Pmlnmc "li-l:CK:LES" aCfOS;Y fl cm>rfu deck In TaJk Fprct .'ill, Cti!!wmen riJlJf1Jj kelly drop f(lnk/t for lIe~ts prqHJraif)ty ~') (/ \S.tril$ .qgtllllJo:/. }(lI' fafve. •. Erlm fllllk.'! ($:.liltUl tlw.gq· n/ ~ghter plants mall!! miles Dnd are; pracfkalll) rf;dfldprd eqlllpmont for tqplfH {)71tJraltf}n~ 11"1 ·!lle Jar-~unf! Pacific. _()cctrri(lfIully tll(!w 'ffl1l.k~ ~C1'r)q .{li1.er . purpos:r&' s;u;htJs the tfme (I NfJll!l pilot drO:Pl'IJrl hj5 ()f! ~he deck Q/ a ) apanelll! ~hlp, .~e"rlitlg if t.;1 th« bQtj'Offl

o

o ,,-.:sumlltra Oo--Blilriltw o r/-New ~uiJltl" o t:J o
J. The Pb1l,ippi:r!e Atd1ipel.a80 priiletl 3QPraximarelyeom-

a-Jj~~a

0-25 ishtl;ds

n

islllllds 4-I,OOP islonJs. ,!L-;7,OO.0 Islands

0-2050

4, Tlh~ ...Ud animal mdude_

~Ue o.n Bc!tlu.o

Ll

Da-tigel'S 11-i;II1!garoP5

o

Several rUms for lhe VIS.UAL QIJ1ZDevice 5~X, have b-een Il:anslated into Portuguese by the Department of State f'lf sfrlpmeul to -Brb7,if '!iy BuA·els Spem-nl DewO-l!s Oillision. The rum.~..se 1ec tea for use in the :Srmlian Air Ft.llCe tro.h:iing prQgram,
Zlm,

The Vi$ual QuizzerGoes to Brazil 'rcnl/lall All' Force wm Us.e Tedr

use wjth the lIulDmalie
lil';_~!iDno
OIlU, are fro,", Vt,I.Ml. ;'1 ,"I\:\:iW~'

ritter device,
fMtpk.

f<g,lf.ltr

Qi1111cn

Flbn5J

J>r~

Midweslerner:sView
"PadR" Theater'"

Navy Show
CampIIJ,,,

AId's Bond

c:--raDoilsod.-orangl1bln:s
5. ThO} mo~[ aru,"·eragJ O1'amm<lb

o d~tliirs
o o

o o o

of I'h~ Central Pacific _I.lands CPoly. l1eiia and Micfonui;J an-a--wdllllts
b-,seals
C--,Jllal'Sup

InJs
which i_
pO.iWllOU:I

o a-Mlfdaglls,;:ar
o-Hu\vaii
&-LI1Z0T1

6. An Wand on iln~keJ a~e found

Ilre. l\_efO~~l'Y' Knnw jJw PaNs ('If Y"l.Ir PIQ(IC. P/}ru. ehlltli~" \I'\~rlllm'lelJI. BusIc IUectn"city, A!l1tIf1QI\ Teolln~clan-M"el!i'!1',~r9 MiltQ., SeJIpla.Jff,l8, Aern4!)lIlffllics,WlllliAI,.",luf!l!, Life Saving fwd f.if~ Aid, 'f},.llnditrJt.omo.t Ilfld lei! forhjptfim tm A Irel'!lt! , J!'ltghl [n.;trw'fl-en~~. A,I~Ct"o.ft PQ,!;Cr Plaru, WeotJ~ 'Map Symhdls. Na!)igafioll, Roalo Aids ta NuvlglJ.ltvlI. '8mutv01' Q1 SI.Jh.. Sl'ltv/vflr Ofl Land and tr11itortll 14rultlJicattlm.

Mi.dwesterners got a glimpse of whut the Pacific- war the ater Is Jl 11.6 fJ!<lil ni 1r at: Ehe S'ixth- War Loan Exhibit, Nav:" Pier, ClHc~gQ. . lllIleripr e~hibitsconJcained many types Qf naval erdn a 1'1 ee, inoluding shells. rockets, I-orpl1does. bOiilb.s and depth ckarges. eleC!iT'Ql1il;l devIces wne .cap~ed Japunweequ~prllent. Ext~ur exhibIts· [e~tuIed displays or .. (lamer-based planes in~Juding the i'lr;lll:pat nnd HfiUcHf;VT; a eaptureel Zaro, naval gous ranging Em;nl ~-f.lS aU·pul']'lQse deck guns m machine gun~. -and other heavy In a gilts" t-ank dlvers sl1hmcl'gcd, 111 h!1l equipment, to demonstrate lmder~ 'YHtel" w~ltli4l'g. On the lake 1\ COltS I Ou a rd hell eo pte; partlei pa ted iI] d ail:, simulated air-sed I'es{!ue dt'fnm1~trat;j6ns

b--cNew Zeah!.r".l (South Mandl

:0

Cards fQ~ the t\t]'[O~\TJG R:A~, Device S'-O~also havl! ore!'! translated int.tt Portuguese.. Still ollierclIrds on IVT1.iciJ the Bf~li(II:ls. m,l}( ad!1 lhl."ir own data have been n1f1dc',lVllii!lblt! rOT

weapens,

JET ·ASSISTEO-TAKE·OFF
12

By holikinlll
A

series Q[ picttrres'

Navy photog;apher

molOr to
OD

II.

K~20atirlttl ClIDle(!I, eatilhrnl a s:p~d!l!ltd&l'
jet propulsion Wlag~

PUBLICATIONS
SM~:ty Biillettna, Cii<:lullJ;r Letter.!, Tceclmioa) Note. slld_~·e"Cb.ll'i£lllt Orders tilIVe b~n issued e;!1QtI' 1 Noverol'u~r 19M. CopiC$ 1),/'6 sV:aitr..b.lfll
AV1a.till!1

"Flj~ JQn~Wj!1g Flight

(In rcque$t to Pul;!!fcationll'BcunGh, of 4ll.1'Qna:uti (IS,
• AVIATioN, ,C:IRCU,",,'ltLflTTlM,

Bl1r~'3lJ

D1-4413 A,tffi>d""'t'1;rcu/4r L...!..,. 9j·4~-R .. _I. 1'I1l-"<lA _'10;0( .. ", Cl'rp,!a. lioIJ'~ ~Nl-t]."""I.e" Jol_ t 1.3-44 Airc:r:AlJ ~"'I JIJ'"'r<lil'l1il'l:Q''''' 4-t<;<I;[lIo;Q 11.. 114-J4
'Ti:'brUl'-lI

j.'''''

Ducks Milflic Japs- Try Hara-Kiri
Foil f:o Ire,mlt Awav '" Aita'CI: o!lR4D

gWJ·inking or Lake evasiveaotiOIl of any ltin they pressed home fullEr attack.

1LEsaQE SQUADRON FIVE-While engi!ged in a routine b:aJoing llight. one 01 thiJ squa:drc~'s RID's WlfS attaaked by allonk of disorganized ducks. The big plaae was in, a climbing attitude at 1200 feet when the ducks made an 00(lnordinated attack fram One o'clock low. The pilet was ut1:BWru-e of the atfuclt unlir the bandits imddtJsed to £Klint blank range, Before he could be-

gator were i1Ut- ab('ju t the raGe, One duekfll:ittened R tre\vm.(1n. givlng him -a magnifieent ~hiner QS a sanvenir, Other" crew m6J,llb,etS were showered with fea.tbets, bloodnnd guts. ~hjs, was the Brstcase in wlrtch memhJ!l7s of this: squadron de iated
from

.'Of« R""I~",~li'I"'''' <>/. . 115,.4>1 8,f! ~di"I17"~ O'll,;~,,,,~"lt~ .01 Sjo.>~ •• ~.. Jcor("'ifl ""I 0, .~'''JiI4,.~ 1f1~r .•• 'T Ilg-4,4 PQ/ij Filil/'/ if'Mlllor Ir~J~. H1~<i i1l'Y~1 En/lj"~,'_p,,uCll--", ,R.',..jr/boll .... 'lMkJ,lIIillO Ql>~~hTI~!ll. 1~1HI4I 1I"!iN A,j~"m#" Rnt':Jj:4",. """"'1i~Q~"-n J1.N;,zZ.H~!-6.6~_ .U""'li/I'd,ui~ bll R.~u"h< !l'\jbb.r O, ••~""', Lv U"lIfHt ,,,,,, T••• rJur)itJrfJJi'6H~.D.q~j_" I ... 11U'4~ 8upplffl'ffl' tIJ Nfl~;:~""'l p~Uo:u ./ JI. f)iif,I""'~" R«mlr]1'<m(. ''!Jd G~ot,""'1 F'iuh,

_"li(t(j'",,~orO."M"i-ll~.,o.i#"" ~,. ilJl/i will • .lIp.;-,. Pa.i. <m<I &.I~'l'm ... ~ [q. A,'.;:WI C......... ~'<lJiU."'

"'~jJ.

a"..,.

Il-.. M.

12Q,.{4 U1l44 I~f I2JJ;.t4

ating wounded. ~ medical corpsman aboard tbe plane administereq first aiel, The ducks _were beyond medical attellti(im.one W38 salvaged for dUmar.

their prImary

fUllcti(ilIl

of

e acu-

'at
IIH4

II.mitt. Jti.tM/t Mi>~ ..I,,,,inu :Ii:<fJ'>il' W..,;'. ,. ~. -Jlff~ami'Ju'a}l1'fl ~I N" ...I ,,114 M" ...... C~.." .. A (;. Sillfi~"" ,fr«1 Ji"'elliU.~, D'_,(P",,~ ... ' (;11... , "Coo.

I"~ftW)l(l"~1I <J{ qt!til{l~a'l,"", ;'" <t,'_"/L~"j'-"tl H~!I"'I#n'!I. T«h1U·""'IPII~J/iaI __ '_'~,n-"~mril"", "'i!h 1". ..

P"",,"!~o------Q"')'],!f~II'Mi'J<II/"r,

H~,7'«n

.s/amfur,/'

",Id

Cul'l{..-

gr,.... '.

.(",~.,t"". Mroi'fltii C

".<if

TECHNICAL

NDTE'S

Pilot Mu.st Check All Pasnngers
Cr,ew -SIiQuldf'CnoW' Ab·crll'·dClIJ Ship

YF'-!H- Thts squa.dron tecmnmends that befere each J:i!gbt the pilot ,should carefully check ,,11 crew membars on awny. To the pilut's Iltt(}l' oo_t;lstl:ltl1aooD employment at the abandon ship blll. they rnlltteredfhe- starboard wimIshield. One crewman absent (In any ,Bight, cracked the pprt ~i:m:lsbield, shattered ora newly incloctrinaJed substitute, mo.j' thl! port landing lighta.m.l riI.Bnted the result in only pamal fulHI1ment of IelIding edge o~ llIe pori \vingtip. emergency ~iUs: Fa~ure _to ~he:ktlJ_e 1J114er the impact of the attack the Bat-top antennee carried awaf. the 1,y- ahll.QdoDahlp bilJca::n resn I~ m Impor" drutlli~ resetVoir stghtgilug~ in ~lB tant -emergency equipment being left, Pilots should insist on this check .in cae1cplt was shattered ~d tlWee ~unds all :airp.lanes Ilmt carry two ar more. of Malla::rd wedged between cylinders. The pilot reeelv(le:ia lacerated thumb TrpDgnJ,blcal errDr; Tbe ;o_nic1~ "N~:q 'Wing_" .... trom Hying glass driVel) through his Ih" Q~L 1 iq~e of NAN~i_ IL<lod 1.000 ~"ut'!O I" the all' ... - <on. pref'<lq d"1k f"'" th.. tl ... ~n~1ill1:l It-lither glove. B_oth ro-pilotand naviN ~~,aI 0»5<:"""" iu.-.q Di 1 00, wh[~h 1& tCtt«l.

Either !:biough a fana tical desire tt} commit llIDial hara-kiti or C,m!2ing at the wub"ois, the ducks failed to break

8111

1211-« 1110-''1

_la~


133-«

D(nn'b\"i~"Q! '1'~r~ .'il"'f'tino ld"I!<IN'. for art TiJrpNJo e"1TJI"'p' a ~-<IilI. 1lI""~;D"<rrld M~;"'Oh<'Nc<! l"/~'~n 0" 4'1rIlIQ ~~ MOQ'f;;"~ R•• I•. ;Wt.tP!A p,.j~ Ca~!. <\1'0.:1(,1"""#,,,,, S.~!u 'l'1n'. J>",~c"jI-IIll'""'4Ild" C.~.
cq.'nt.l:;Q'~
'-' (:'I~_'

r..nr,.", .."j

D,'a! M .. r~''II''

LIIbr""II"u em Dr",j,.}nimral,
'£II"

TECH,NleU

OJl:DLR$

liiU.4i4 111S--'tl!l l_31l'-<l1

l31-l~ ,..,ark

13-84"
1u..Q

0.""""1'-""0' .". .5 8~ '1i"n,~
AfbtW Plt-,. M(I#/

.,;Jb...-T"' ... 'l"~' ~/, _ Rail If,,",U' R~«to~_l'Ml<Jl!J>t~~" "I R ~8l"'nc;.6 .• r 11fi' .r~~(llIu., ~""'!M,j I!j r!nlfllU/oUfJf1/ UtiflJ. LIft. V~ .u-ll1kjre-d<'<»1 ~t 'IJ.-.•,,,, MadL' ag-I Aft-pl"..a--Il~..trid'l' ,a.tn r.,lttl .M Mh',,,,,... 1, . 'I!~'l O•• W4Ir»r;. _IJrS·"l4! A R'O-, <»«I _'p.s'.fA I:M![f;,I. lNimffl/Iifu4 oJ Plf'''~'ffl

-O..... Mall Ptn!>"h<ll. '1'01" LV. Rod!

CIlI'",$.~

,"M "-..<h

R'lickd £q;1I11.~

Inotllll<!·

t4~->H Hl-H

'!rid,,,,",,. aM p,",,,,,.~ibf" Mfl~"';"','. M"'~ 'J!lM, 41, .8, -t'I',Jd -~ :A~rploo";'.n~'ro~fito" 'dr!<l e."'''( ....bl..-MjO __ •• •.
P11'.)' ..'t-fil'll...-'N-R.,m:ioh'"". l<I"l'i]llanu~

·;te"

.t1)

MrpllIJI_R",

!' .. . ",willle !if ~it."._"""., 8~#rn'''.I4li ll"""<lvOil' Mcdtl SWB "'114 1m J

~.. d

Tie PBM leaps into the air wi't.h Go perrmnt leu nrn, wil1l the fA'" units acting like prajeot:ile rociGelS, each With about 500 lip.

Sbooting B.ve <b5 ll!l.glltiVes- in two seeends, camera r~ords ,tterDendow; tJlnlSt gfven b}' the two let 1l1Utsa-S the Mariner soan; off

After the

airp1a.lle is :ili'borne; hm:o.:.d.out tmii:sare jettisoned. Jet propWrien enables

morte£ lake-of& oD.la:nd

01'

aboard cameo

I

FLIGHT
U you
Clashed. "

~SAFETY
why
'10

.'
"~

". t·
... ~~

_:~-:i
"",

,
~f

ask

hirn

..,4 P.$.4 t.
~"')I

.I

t

.

'.J _

-t

I
rtt
r
I

!
I

'.

,

ran aut," or "Tern's number carne up:' or even "Three ill a r ,V, Y011 know!" These l?tl! and' wlsc1enti1ic explnnutlon , if takeu seriously. would obstruct "he prumulion of I'I.vllttiun atety, Safety 11 little to do with superstition, Establishing the causes of crashes and then taking action to prevent 'I'h~jr reeurrenee IS the soittntiRc \Yay set up r!'lT the D6\\tly estahlisbe.cl AviatiJ;ll'l Sar!!~ lv Buards in naval commands. H i!i tl'ei,· job ttl discover the ~1iSe5 of at..'cid":llt , lUlU than to ncl '0 tb,IL identien! crashes ur not repeated.
• AviQi:ioJl CirOnlllF
L' llmlll1ud~ I

forger his sQjeutiflc: lr.uJling aild hlru tlJ superstlUol'l, fie. will t~ll you "joe's luck

cel'lniu

type t>f pilliJt will

-aJ,l'era.ll

Is always to keep the general pjcture m vie-w SO tlwL trends m.ay be oOOeJIVed. Tl:lEso beards IJnllly,~.e lI,uQide'nt reports,

recolllJoend1lhous to corroel ;l;coiaent causes and 'CO-opellte. witb the Flight 'afety COuncil and oilier safety groups. An index of aviation accidents IWO theii: caUSC.$ within a cOOllDand will provide oomparisons ItS to, types of aircraft -and as between ~qLllldrQns,

tna.iDtam

un ,1C'¢juent indox., rnake

.r-'f'

Hew irL\lcstigatkm can correct the: eause for a rise in U1 accident ra e 1.< illustraLed by au incident which recent-

.WlJo (IN·tUN til a IIIwke flUOr lIIl a C!lli'l'1cr ar« a'plt:l"d ill III,> ,I/JIlC't! P'(M/I'" delle/oped (M a trailling aid by VB ..'JI Q'I(I"fi,fJlitirJl1 7l1ud II~ !lIk "l.eflly oj skllT tmd lefllllwvrk witll 1<l1fciing aigrll1l C1fliwf
TRIALS

Letter

, o. - -(J44

Steam Box Aids Washing Problem
I:qu'pmen' Mode of Sglvlrged Motel'lal,
OIH'U

utside of advanced combat ,rea". which did not have vla.('ion Safety Boards to sel up uch grOI'ps. A II U1ilI1lUllUlds concerned [)fo1W have funeAvi rion SafetV' Bn

directed th()!le traiIJirlg and up eratiO)lfJ. I

aboard a earner, The number of crashes zose rapidJy. An jnvestiga.tion by the responsible A.vilititm Safety officer had assumed duty aboard the carrier. Tb board retCl(l1JIlendecl that he I replaced, 'aJTyillg tMs out bron.gllt n C(:lJlsequent drGp in tUe OlWhe.r of ll(,-ciden • The aval AjJ> TT lning Command at P(lllsac.'O;)1 says, I) F thiS procedure. a

ly occurred in quallilerttioll lancUngs

Board bIC:1!.1gPJ' 01.111 thar

tI

new signa1

souuel nre ~)peml:ing indiIJiduru Uvt: steam boxes ror wasl1illg elothes lit Rmlcl Field. Eaeb btlx handles U eeru- 811<1 sC'jlladrotll: r pl'r'~Clltftthl'S plete cl"llirnge of clot hhtg. Iorhes. soup and eold water tire pla""d ill th box, ~" an~ ~Hl:tl[. and steam are ~rncd on. '~The senior menlbel' supervises: 1, LLI~ Agnll.1U!Il 15 c.reMel~ h~ aeuon of th~ ve$'ngation of all eeashes and anaJy ill . learn, After two Illulutes. clntLes CQI1)e I (If ecident reports, .2'. Co~pru':itiOll out c!eall ;1n~ r~dy to~. '\ cornplete with other safety organ.iz.atintiS in dew~shlng: operl1tiOIl reqturet abouL!ive ': IlJpin~ .ptot~ve .policl;S and .pra~~ UllllllLes: . ness. 1 he medical IDVi sugator aids Ul The lnstllli:iliUli coo 'Isl,ci f a heavy clelermin.iug hUIDlUJ fllc;tcms oolltributblg box with a sloping bruIl. board .iLlskle- I te thp accident and personnel injuries at the baek, l.1.11d valves fer adlUStiug sustained, Preparation 0 ~eneral datu 1Im.1 ,reriadi r . ['IOrt is assigned the 1 recorder and bill assistanrs. rash Ulvest1gat)Jr!\ :\ud resellJlch assistants ar Utm{,oerned primarily with finding uul CRUses f a~·cicl.en.ts and recQmmendin!!yay te preveut their repetition. Iuqulries from SUI1lI: of the new;y tlstnblishem A,illtiun Sruet:i' Boards IncHeat f!tnt they isuulize tYwU' £unCtiUfI solelv as "super '[Nuble Beards." Thi~ • rIOt the ease. While ~ board can step iu WI)~D the initial in ",stigatio.n of iI !I;Il~I" twcitle.nl 01' related serie of 8~IIEJ"CKET MI'INIPUt,,,.'r1:iS. STEAM lifO); ~I\SMEft "rashes Is defeetive or seems to war-team arul ,vatet' pre~Stire, Bo.'l:e~are rant additional inqw.ry. such acd~ is ,0" long. 16" deep ;wei l2" wide. Es- nIJl l1e~!l'Sary in all eases. \VIHln ad.'nti 1 m"terial bUiill entirely hom visable, a board can either' ohtaln re,crap equipment. includes lumber, a visod reports corrctlHng the deficiencieS fe\y feet of pjpi!c and tw~ valves fQI OJ; 2, conduct their own tnvGsligati6.n, each box. Ninety to IOO-lb. pressure 1\ pnunnrv a~ty of Aviation Safety gives mort effi il!'lnl operario» nf w. ~h,,). I rio cis. ~"'9"e;(1latlv df Jdgher ecbeloT1:s 14

A'rB

Cmn

ITI.- Enlist

d per-

I•

tionw,g

rds,

A ty:pj~lil.I Aviation Safety Board includes a enior member. rned1eal 1l'1. 'j1Ju: jd«l~ of accident :prevent:lon j, to ve,5tigalur. reeorde • crash investigator". so uualyJ'.t· Uu!' ccmponeut causes of ... zivm research nnd admh:li9trative n.!lsi!>tanls, ",ocidel'lt and set UIJ such (:I()lI(It()Hve me-ll5s UIi~ that all ideutical Ilocident will ,tltNer I'eCUf. 'rllil moon.'! 10 effect. that 00ti0Tl must be luke" immediately to forestaU recurrence Il n given type ot aooident. In ~~ il l\1eru15 that u. pilot who hI» had an accident, say III: gI'O'Undloap. snoutd not b.;: allowed to lIy agllin uuti1 ht> has <l.uulY'(. d (Of 1md Ilnaiyxed for hun J ell can ses of the uocid'eD t lUI c1 been prope,r,Jy dlookll(! (Ill so that IJ \ViJ1 never have u ~Imnar.a II,! 'Til. Thill 1\100] ill sddQm mel bill appronches tr>the Ideal @Il he mild.·'

~
goal can be uUained in properthe Jabot and lu.era~t ol all COn\ ilL naval aviation and, ill parBJrrht sn:£et}. hl't\iuenOI1 in us'" of safe-ty de.vk'Cll ttll all pll!lts shun!.] be givell and rhese devices ke!Jt in perfect WI.lrl..illg order Iu all ~h comlnu.nd's phull':$. While the _l \'ial:ion. Snletv Boards do not do this in~trnc.Oofl, the)" Tlns !lOu to [lecteu riculnr, un the vati(;)us squadrons, vll1tiOD Safety 'ijoarcb already Ill)"'!" proveci 11leiT value in at Jeast one tnIDI ing command. After loll a haarel h~a been in OPeI'l'ttion. for DuI' three months, tht' Iatal acoident rate Wll:S reduced 47 per een~ and futaliUcs dropped .Q9 per cent.
THIe. II>

am

Instrre

that

It Is dOlle

by

c11eolcing

THI!

THI"U

1"~S£lttE5;Uf'

1lEI'~

-WHAT T"I!: NAVY.ISJDOINB.!IN

AIIlATI.ON

~WJ<T"-i

'ltory.

S there

L-\81£'l<.l> UI

,.ll

(1\

is uoliring farl. tbe,

bees built a l.1THling· Sl1'ip 011 still (I,J]other !lewly w n Pndfit' Island is typkill of the "Can Do' attitude of the avn I
Constructicn llllHnU,lnlo.

Iandiug strips whem-vrr the :\nv} neetl· ed them. HUl this storv III lmw tL( uu-

mou !'!.l(.'c. lhut scores 01 limes

r the Pacific: , ill 5-i1} uuusuul about LLis Ilhlir.I~'llU i1 is CtlUIII 11a~ 1wen I ep\'~1red
tlmt tJ16V ha ve bu Ilt

TROPICAL JUNGLE GIVES WAY TO CORAL RUNWAY IN

TWELVE DAYS ON ISLAND
und the job of hadnll£, all air stJip out elf lihe b'upical illnglc ~meriI1):!: lhe islal)d was lh.in1cd over to eabees Ilewly arJ'h ed in the 1m'pi 's frorn _t.. lasb and tit _\ll·tlU<lIl~. Fhe first eehelon caine ashur· u Iew \\ eks Iah-r. As so_on as rbb Y had tnbJ[Sllf'U l:lunp. the Seabees began recounaissance, pJanrllllg. ~TJ'\7B)'ing and unloaning supplies. W11f!'11 tbf' .... mT:.'

left.,. lln- ~abee' took dharg . Twelv later Ihl' first plane Inudr:ld. Work didn't ret into full swing until lleecled. heavy equipment arri\'ed: but II cuntlnued 24 LlliUl'.~ u duy uhtil the I.nsl roller fW~ .'\~·rl1per WClTC' cleared I! Vill tlw ,trip III~I he 1r)l"~ tile mtl".Aof I he
~~l)'>;

~rst

11'11

Il/OpElL. r Add a Tower. Huh and Chopel

Sea.bees

Some or dlt mrrst gu t\) tho noO} Comhat Engin rs, The started pTe~ Iiminnry work whe» uU'Y moved into the atoll with tlre amphibious ArmY' gttllJ p thaI too).. t-l1f! isl:lI'la hll!!}) the tipS. Thev lacked lH~avy equipment, hOWCVfOl".

Tile

euoccs

w(m,t

(Ill

to add an
nne
tlUI\'

Opt'I'IIl:iu1r'i I wet. n lint fill operations.

r

cemmunleations aud. Jtlj'ology and fOr th~ gaIJe, . In lheir spare time

IIlso completed an impressive palmtltalehed mQollut-lo~ buildlng, - I:b<>. "OOllo:hhl1\' Chapel,' hpJ:(lHI hy Arm)'. 15

16

SEABEES LICK OBSTACLE'S IN RACE TO TURN ISLAND
INTO A MARINEAIRB,ASE
be cleared of trees. Men CilOppe_d co" Pm5'I' the strip had todOWD.gWltaway eonut LraptQr8m.aked them
10

be used for cribbing .at tEe end of

prumfl;

the strip where tbeSG:ill:ie~$ pushed back the walers of tlte Pacific to make more room for tbe w·.mn.-up apron. BtlllaQ~ers gnJ1:i-LieuOIltsturilps an_d cleared away Ill'ld~~brush . .Behind them oamelntcks

strip, while blllldD~1"5 and. scro.pcrs spread 'lind !illloothed 'thesurmcing. Hundreds of I hQllSands !>f yards :of e!:,rhl were spread OIl the strip, smocthed Uld relled be[.ote n was, c6I)lplete~. ,to be Slled.6eforo the strip CI'luldcl'9sS it. nan:~ls oJ gasoline and oil and eveq item for food !tile .sbruter lor the men, as wullils sup' pHe~far corutnle,ting the bRS. e" bad to be ferried [rem shi~s oS shore, Then a tropiCal typhlilon swept away IilllDy oJ the small 'boats, ~Ul'lher com.plicating supply nperatlons. 'r:.Ju:; TrflnJpori II Flr"" "'lillie- to Lllllld At lOGO one bright morning, trucks, rollers, scrap!'!:!!s we,re' cleared {tOJlll:he Held. SbQrtly afterw8.rdsa p4Loe np· 1'&11'00 out of the l1'urt:h, It S~Wlil"lg low over the Beld, circled a<ld 'came buck for a clos.er in~etWian. Altltougb 'l:h6 sllip tall. the entire widtb of the 'island, it looked short for the hl.'!llvi1:y loaded C1.4D lTIWSport: . Cn.refllUy, the pilot 'down nl the-very edge ·of the mDtway, 11rolled to Illl ensy stoE n~~ltthe £lU!filoa. Only then was it found that taxiwu¥'ll were too nalTOw for the big: transport with its 95-E(1nt wingspread. It had W 6top whjle lmll.cl.ozers uprooted more permi~ it to pass. Within an hour, four moretransports had hmded. The Navy'll newest alr.'lb"tp Was in 'oper-nfion.
'I.Y "DI,,"&o,-I." "'.DAG F,igllhlr

and CtlIty.ans ,dumping ooml on the

ro. of the i~lu:nJ. II had

A

swam!? srretglied aeross the

Inter-

made his approach, b:r1ng.lng the plane

pnLn trees 3l,ld cle3l'eO undergrowth to

"1111"

Two days later, fighter planes for the Marina nafelfse Air Group landed on the field. !hey w~ ftJ11owe.t:l by !.he. PHY that had dumboed them in frnm another advruiQ;!d Iias'e. M'Ill'me pilots took OYerdle. job of proN:cting tbe atoll from fRp alr-sea attack. .Daily Ttlln5porLAlt CrQtlj2 (Mrurioe) air sewk':enQw link.! the island with 1'IA'I'S' PnriBc lind ",,1lS, hrin~ng in passengers, p:liorlty cRTio.a.nd mIDl. The wo'r:k. .of the S~bee!J 18compliltfid on thl5 distatit eutpost in the P.aCiGc. The "Can Do" boys bll"6 done it once more.

17

4

.

s

.

18

~ NA't'B .PmIIIlACOLII.-Arl blem. sea blueoand whit>
bewg stiWlped
Oil

AlliR, overhaul

so diat wonrel'S may receive full eredit for tht,ir stauwlId of work.
~IBed

all plftne..1l rejilll1red here

ernIreular desigll. is

usc. Reclu,ctioD ir~ calls in 10 clays ,was eq uai te nlstullation of two t;runI .llnes.

~ MCAS MQJAlVE-A Woman Re.~erve here qune a stir bnlI-way around .the
world without outhwe¥t doing" thing. Her Bance of lris t,ent on one of the Pac1£lc lIllimili on the doubleOllt

hBd to move

:. MCAS MOJ<\~-Two omc~rs got togl:llli(II' with the flre dllp;utment and worked out a stiliwne which combines busmess with business. Insread of soakinl!. the des-. art with its periodic tests of 1,ose and el!wpm ~ tb~ fire d~part.mcnt nOW has a new routine. They dW;h out to whetI' tbe
S!:lItion water line taps

leavmg much of !'Us gear. Soon IlHerwnrd. anothergroup of Leatherom moved in, seen a woman. Mn,,! e. Uld anV'wll~ the Fir) wlIl.pretty, SO thll)' sent the photo bnek tel tlle Srat . to be tracked down.
Eventunlly, it leached Mojave and the and tltm.rungm~ throu.gb the tent, found a photcgnrph the tV'l\. They bad never

Dr

1hel'e

the stratosphere, and ha been doing: duty
ever

!tid .ruW1red the requested QRt<L. When sntl wrotil hor Bhnce about th~ intlident. he hll

smoe,

ih fonowing sLory of a kWlIly gtrl WJ10 drove up ill front of the #lflior IJCQ in a sleek limousine. "Wowl f.~rumed one .officer in a:dm1ntion, ''ab!'
M

Qf the times Is

• NAA~ G~

COVE

SPIl'L"Ios-IndlClltive

oughly. The tunl n tonI, lwlps keep the water supply pUf(\ but give,s the nozzle-wrestlers something to aim at, idSng prac.bce in hose ,oontrol •
• FA

Angeles aqueduct and tum the powerful bose mt~ Lh.e &11 trap. cleanmg it t!hol'-

ilt

the famous

Los

and ~

f.h Engineering Department W de,. cided that he rubl:led elbow. with. Fate once too ofte:1l during his two-yem' tour ill the SO!lth Pact6c, Once he lkirtned hts lWSIl On ~ whlrli:ng p~eJIer b~de. Laler. he walked away from a water blln'el .tit tbe edge o£ an airGeJd reVll"tment seconds beforB -a Douglas bomber f;tl'IlSIIIJQ un the spot. And hnlly. alone in 11 home-made oIl)t.orboll.t,. he tangled with lin ei~bt.foot stingray only to have the ray lese mtv!e t
1\\'111)'.

m

A

CnEBN

COVE

SPlTl.NG5-An

AMM 11l-

,~N ATB PENSACOl.<!l- "F'J'!M!- haireu ts ( at your Own rlsk )" Me offered at the eullsrsd

perienc d l-!arbers, who a et as mstrillllor s station with llIl $"Me rate iB M3.bd~Snint Bernard, seeond class. Sli rep6ttf'd abeard enrl¥ in the slAl:ian's hist<llry:,· and survived · n • all do~ crif ~wst-.ltinll" edid because .she was in sick bay. pilobLgradua1e.d

men's barber slilJp' where SKip's- Servil.'e f~ lTlllning 11l~W barbers after T gular shOJI honr .•, Work iSlwder supervlsion of ex.

• NAS

Tl'UMWA-The

only

W'amrin 011the

c~r11finly has beautiful

tires, hasn't

she?"

hunting. were miSSIng, A chief bllggea bU. priZe [n the loung." room of the new Cl;IO quarteT'" With
;t

I.Ssocillled
dOlTt,

an unU!luol h u u te r. Long hikes. fto&t-bltten Al':Ji:;::z~ hands a{lQ feel, dod the usuu] htud~hips, so Ilften
Ifl

m;ntlv got under wa.y here, ~nd credit for tllflHut kill goes

S

CAPE

M

y- 'I1u!

moose season re-

ATLANtJ·IG-N ewly designed Iiltsh!ps, blJ1lt by NAJi IUchmend A&R. were tested 5ucc~)', Tho boxes are eonsbiloted !llmilar to the oldfasbionf;n borne lee box, with Ii ~'umpletl;lly .separate soc>6QJ:l in the Illp lor ILe ice. In Hight. tee cream bricks $tayed hard HI hrs, ioe boxes
mstnss
fill'

• N AS

PENS COL4.-

Usb. pilnts have come and gone slace the
tmilling progralfl started
it]

recently. About .. NAS

The

I'lst

elnss uf

1.,800 Erlg-

l\AJI'

July.

~ NAB FTJO\'n

with big ~e

til WIlU, pinning "'the: hunter" Lo th.e
~ Z}-l-Repol'ling (rom
1l

'Ehe mOQ$¢

head

tumbled

floor.

from

FlllLlJ--Following i5 the aeeount of an ei~h'ted SOil OOI;n to !ltL.AMN and hls wile.: 'E'1'A was 1500 Sunrlay, but with .a good titil wind the new model 'landed. on instrumilj;l~ at I42.&. It's a jet-pxopelled Job, working so.ltily on the intake and outtake' principle. I'lo.s reIl'actab)e l:n:uh'ng gea,r."extrDordillary sound equipment ocnd remut.e eorrtrol Bxtures. A nigQt-Bghter'. bow» as Rlcbara."
BFlK....8T'l'

~r--...<Oil\

reation building h(UI lacilwes fo()~ dancing. plItyingping - Rong, pool and other games,
pursuing hobbies, such
11$

-Converted hom 8 barracks. the-new ree-

l'lblW

Oll.LE.\NN

Olnilel
,1

llirplaue

and oilier r

bu.~g.

milking fudge.in
d"€!fItionli1

candy kitchen.

acrlvitles.

N

base.

personnel l.1Jmpnm their ovel'lap.ped traffie cltde, to an ortl5f'! idea Of post·WUf avin~ KOltOll a S\l!Iday afternoon. 5m:tount\ed by a ielJplafic D94e ~nd a latge landplnoc
ODe>

tropleal

lslaad,

., NAS Sw.Wi'>.'ml-A GJipe BOlis located near Ship's Service a:t tlrts station. Anyone who 1ms 11 legftinulte and reasol1able gripe
or any re€Q1lllUWlolltlr)1l$ eoncerninf

tb.e

.,NAS CAn M~\'-Thll Ilk'l.) d.ed<here sprayed hi.s office thoJQI\ghly a short tane agCl only to find tlmt he blld been using
paint remover.

10

patapbrase
"Nt/Ita."

lighter,thM-arr

Lord Tennyson
'light .. I' ~hlf,

man was tempt-

S.S departDlent may write them on an 1msig)'lc.3. card and d~osit them In the box. The $S officel' a~s\vru:s through dIe stHtilil11
!l:eW5EIlpe!, Smtllne. ). NAS Nl>'V OIlLI!:AN5-SirJoe the l>'tl1Vt~ge and nservation 1942, when

.. MCAS M~JA"'£-A6ghte
station h'
doem~t toe thlf line. he certnin sergeanL

thus:

V""t""01 to left. of him. Ood~n!l " :rft, Deve fb~ Ring E.iehty,,'·

t.o

pilal at this to keep on the ban or fa<;c II, shzling lettet written on asbestos stationcry. The Maritle is flll Qffi'er, but if he
wll)

prQgram was

hear from
i:;.

11

• NATO

NovemI!;:,t when Ailm turned not ~ Mimi (IF 65 pla~~ overhauled, a5sembleLt. nIght tested
Ilild

tloll .re<:a:rds were sma bed during dellym:ed.

P&NfA.CQI..A--AU

l'rl'ViOl)S

produc-

startedl, sales have jumped frotll'$55.35 to IllQl'e han *670 lu 1944. All saIvag~ahle items from g.u-l>JL gO' to wood, are saved .

The f1y@'!'. 1u.ckily

nepl.1El. W of Ille
LO

MGySgt. Lou Oim:nOtld4Jld tb.afs 1'1 live up to, ali he will Teadily testify.
FLOYD BSNNET'I' 11'lUI!-'rhe

Mantle Cores' living leglllJd.

Dr unlnokll y.

'llll~
JUI

~N" HvrtmtNso~-With llinlted telephone facllrties badly overtaxed. a CfIlDp4ign to elimina. te tloo£SoW tel~phone calIS was itlll.UgUrated With gr~ ~R'Cess.
Switchbuard o.pemtor a~kwhether np Qutside,
\1!"WII

Carriers
LET U8E~s
HEU FIIOM ~OU!

e~1 amount of hl!i(1uever Luken in a single day by a Mngle mobile unit ill the UnlmCl Slates and the world w~ (lonute<! to the
Oil.

• NAB

gr:eat-

instruoted

Ull ' Wi\,

for

IIm ...

iul

to

quart,ers pilltll per nih'lllt 850 donors moved !teailily tltf,ol\gll the stck bay lor examiaahons, dunati,on lIn<t refre51111l''1lts.

BrooklJl1 Red Croh (01)11 Unit J'eeenlly thi8 station. At a rnte of !'''la-and-tbree-

19

..... (, ",(J 1,
. ~,

'J 0",

-r: J\,11 '~, ~;:~~;;ra;::~aosthe
I1I'1Iu!tJ rlllL

'We; e;aIl iU1IIgiue

!lU$.Uy irl!nI

nrenf the o

___________

"..,....,,,,_

.

'if'

Tn Utmlm S:r..,;T:D "Hull has resigned &om hb ,i!1fBce ioa who ~peQd. $200 for umforms, work a II) 0 the $CU!le !lUI: t his physical eondllien is Iftt1e. consia1!r thiID1selv~ working far the bad. Bl,tt dte real rell:_Sllm for his resignation CO'tlX!try, and theo drink ~er. The WQII,1,!ill tlUIst b etraeed too:(he" fact that his relations of JSJ?an are small inelae," she commented, with PreJiderlt Roosevelt, wbidl have not "'butaTI!II'I,Dt,cowl!Ld51ike'AIllei"k'3Il women." be~ gOilng smoothl)' for nllUl}( years. ha_vf' at last hit a SD1Jg, Bee )no:i:1,e II. m~ of -It in t:he SOuth AmerioiUl polley, 8lld espe:inUy in tb,e ATgentine prohlem. and J:~$ofJllte
Ttl ((;luelwa ClJu.re~en('(l

A 'if

Miss SacbJko FUl1lno. yww. wurker and ful"ll\el University of Chieago socil'J_logy rhldent" "Witnessed wamen IDl:\tlruny Amet-

To JAl"AN

PHOTOGRAPHY
Netvy De-va/aps HCltI,d Held 1(·25 CamerO" A Umited -,upply of kits that otIJl be used to ooovllI'tthe K~25 airtrtl:ft o:unertl. tlJ >l hand held esmera have. been prQcu!:ed RuLl are !fllW in Photographic S!pply Depots under slock No. IS-K-181l-1,so, The kit (lonBists ofQ ,~ln and two hanales tl~atml\)' he -attaclwd to ,tdes ill the vV'hen the switch is hood! down the ](-2.'; prqdlloe,S at a.ppronnUltw)' ~ ~Qsure.s 'per second and ,,..,,-m run III that' rate l),S
eamefa. @De handle !.!onlains
,4

switch.

been badly tre~ted by Boosevelt, Morglmrliau,at!d got HnIl, was iuvited to the
DJI

PQSI:-WlLT 1ll1!<l5U~C.~,

Faced willI the. continuing .might of the UnIted SUitc:s Navy, the J-apine.se
government

8: IN

To JAPAN

loweled cONitr.uctlon cap(.Ieity, to convert maD sbipya~ into r(!p_ll1r shQP~£(1t. wfI.od.

hits decided,

~t lbe

iCO'.!lt

of

en Unl's and sampans. 'Decreased (1011SI:t\I(1· 1'I'0n ea.paclty "is heing RUWIlCntod h~' bWIding better sb'ips witE better cap1li;rj'~. '

Military circles In Tokyo bdleved !lie! apprun'tment pf E"tlwar1, n, StettIntnll4, T1':'to sueceIJd Hull would 86Vllf1t'e greatly" the ..yauk~ imyeno 1i.'I"~. pottcy:', be::
cause-

D U

To Tn

PHU.II!I>.JNU

nr

Stettillins

eCflllOnul::'

pOlnllllu.

To rl<l1'' 101 . ~ ... F~ur~ of worker! tn reporl for htilth tralNng has cont:Jibouw to absenteelnn in. Jttp.anese faotorU!$) One-third those who ",er;e absent e,xplalned iliey wilt!!

Q

Radius of Action
----

l'nterceptiO:D
na vfgu trlf of
al ] (l20 lit

or

mfferlI:lg from heri·berl
To Tm: UNn'EJ)
Ct;[nJiDned

(If

pn.eumflnia.

8
~

~p To~o by .829 SupMjorfresSe-1l .serve to lielj;bten th..:: ,6gbtlng spirit of the Jllp!lcIlQSC' and strengfh~jcts
,~" HUll (mil),

STA.'l!"1iiS

oj

the

MtiDlI:·

tude 3,000 ft. from IWflr, Gllpl~ St. Ce(lrgcLigllthouso, l.at. 4-Sa 28' N. Long• .s~~'16' W. witlr urders to i[Jt~pt a COT'II'C1y I,(Wel, 111 UJOO wa.~ it. L3C 46' 82' N. "'ang, /i5" 47' W, Oil ClIS 048:·, Sp~i~tI 11 k. ~tay w1111 the ql'lOvt1y a.~ 1I111g lU Lat. 4S' 25' N, Wl1g, l'>l'l;. Br)' W, at 16SQ. 1'I1e wind is frulil gSU·, , wrt!e .!?.(:I It. You ~\n D Tfi'S Ill' ve I. What b y'o",TH hllel"cept1
2. What 4 Y<:Hlr DR~1

phrnil'. lleplll't

:or ou,

IlS

rugllt

II

P [lifO I
Dlli-

To J""'P ....!f ) ~ Omclnb Clf WelFqJe MillIs«y, seekIng to "cope with the healtll" of chOaten ,evRCtlll !rom mctropoli b'tll areas as "0

fi

pDsslhll? ami re ttl rn to

yllll

r hase

III

down tile switeb. 'rJm 1I11!!1.-alor u1IJy pt.l~s.~ the switch III .lu terva Is, gelting only one exposure III .ll '1ImiThe oamere so adupted should prove. in. V1d1.U1 rtlr III~hld.l1dk Clutier work, eerbI~ Wo ph,aws of colllb:d pJiotl!lgr;tphy, anrl rpct':bl test jDb... . Due to the p1'!went Ihni~ supply III kit$-,clislTi burl oa will btl, 11",ld 10 orgeltt re'tutremenhl Further prOlIllTernent kfl8 ,<liD !is detl.lrmln"a hy e:5'lllbl1shell value ill lh e Gela.

long as. the. 0P(""Hhil' ettng'nJlelol

In

bnld

or

hAec

,Desires

.RepDI"

OIlF.,56

oola:' Soldiers

pteruurtiGII llsoinsl air mi&, fIUen(J to'1''')teet them from colds by "a:pO!ling them, to
Oil

too

, 1i!.51t.

the "northern

lroll("

at

to

the present 111'11.1.1_ nre experunentillg the idea with ma.rked ;UCeess.

wltb

tepor-t un)" seneus

'Iooies af the. F-5e. 20° njr=iJ1 c::lmt"l'o Units hnviIJg 1IIIJs{)carocrn~ should Inspect the lenses fur a_ny rigl'l, of (ld~tirrn(iml 3nd po.rt :;:bQuld

SYJI1111~uCI!t!lfl!?f11

i~ WI-ed in tl1'e

n&

,Lellr~~ L

Japan "has ] OQ; 000,000 Pfl'tricK HJlm:y:s who Me 8ghting foc tlierrco(ll1!:tys £tf!~dom with heart and Ioloul' Unlted . States. M!lr1I1~ CO'].?5 is oomposeclof a 'buncb of toughu~C~5 aud "ruffian lloldien;" who "don't glv.e II hllng Ilbo~t thCl-ir lives and so IlIlld reckle5$ly in lo;nding' 0EerllUon~." "Since ihe Marine Crops is Il.c:onglmllera~ tiem of rucll rum!lIlS,it IIIsaid it! &nerl.cn,.
'l'cll: it t£l the Marines: This bnsthe same meaning tI5 'Don't be siMy:' That Is t(i}sgy, may believe

..,mary

,8 To 1\m; U~mIDSTAU!! " Sfiburo Kumsu. Tokyl'l'sspeainl "Pelice envoy" tl'lthc: UnUed ,S'talll6 i.n 1941,. wamed enemy Ame:dna on Ole third a.nnj;.
of hili m~~on to WashIngtGfl that

J, What Is yCplir CIIS to Infercepin 4. Whcd I, YOllr Ell? 5. W'I!lIt is your EPn lat. --.-' 6. WtJllt f5 the, 0;;115 Qlld speed of Yo.ur 1idJ· lioll5 .5hlp1 e.1I1
!lpdl•

have bt=en
ClloioeDf

';l~IC "'lh'eUII::.r. or Mt c:h_rn6!'~~ :;ub}C<<.lteU tCl itbr!!;oril).al ellIllatic Sd,Ic(:,fl Reqllll'e" JIIIII9'",e,.t

def<'!cls to BuAe<.

no!-

or s~ura:g6 0;;0'11 rTiti ons,

Lon,. ---

_ .. _. ---

o 'f

To J.u>AN

,. Whc.-"is YOUI" lTTto return to' yo~r Il-Clse? --

q!l1red

Tf,ltumJ'?ng Riter An iUSpllctioa tmu, states llil!t While he :P1;'l:$CJMJly did not (,1"1le~t 1.0 giviflS phol'ogr;:tplu'J's Ihe. tjJlIe re-

upon

AI:! official of ,the ~llI,vr Department,

to 1'llcmrd neaessary

news

photo-

8. Whf rs you" position Clf fu-rI1? lot. 9. What 11 yOllr TH

gt'npbs, as II 'lll¥l'll1lo IIII -0userve«l If, '" jnh was:, in many ilTs(1'!nees. IJeing '01,tlt(IOllIl.

Long. ------

baJ.C!? . 10, Wbat 1.5yOllr SRM In? J'f. Whof b yo!!rDRMhl1 J2. Wbol " yO!!1' elJ,_$ In? 13, W'ltaf. 1s ,yOUI" GS 1,,7
CAlIswen
Gil,

to

DuAer J\esltntp-~ to crlti(Jize pbotownphilrs 01) !hit; ptlln_t. The Navy Dcm!l'limClll

---

mo

mnrine5 are all so ignoMlt LbtIt the)!
YOIl,

po,!!e,481

doe/! wnnt good phoQ)grap11); ol f'Velll~ thilt merit I'e<':'{lrding. It is true that, due W milJUnde:rslhnding; S.Clnll phowgmpben ovcrempbaswe Lite impO~lJLntB of visiting dignltwries :;lend negloo'f some oQmmonplllee r,\I~-worthy .menes- of Nl!vy num nl WOI'iIOi' in lie don. . It is hoped th<ll gOrlOJudgment bv lilt
hatu) ~
W ilf !i_eM't-

wben the

fel11l'Hd

public

in ffilie'l'e I'hl$

s-jlltll,l'i 1m

1.0

NA,VY laldllg

Reb,

De

1 otlcers. b, men OD. carrier sfa.darel slgllols 'hgllid. plane pilat.

,1,..

aboard to rearm.,.d.

retu.lfor .ew aerial act:iol
PROCEDUR!

DI\I£ 10MIER G~

CtJT FROM LANDINe. SIGNAL OFFICqtl

FI EILD CARRI ER ICANDINGSINOOCTRIIilIiTIl

PIU)Y IN .HO"" TO MA KE APPROACH ON CAHltllR DECIII

LANDI G S GNAL OFFICERS
Fm lUG carrier he~ded into the 20knot Wind to take aboard its fighter planes for refueling alter a strike at the Jap task; fore . One Heilcat- eame in too high and the landing signal officer perch d on his port stem platform gave it the wave-oil, The pilot, disregarding th signal, dl'()pped his pJane in on the deck. burying the prop in the planking and ripping lip several feet of it. Before any of the landed figbters could take ofIJ the deck had to b cleaned of the wrecked Hellcat and repaired Slow d down to eight kn t to perm,it laJ'lldings. the carrier was easy meat for a Jap torpedo squadron which suddenly ap_pe~r d £rom the clouds, The carrier, unnble to launch its lighters to defend i took torpedo hits and sank. The above case i purely fictional "But it could hap-

T

pen. It demonstrates the vital job the landing si~aJ officer has to play in carrier and Beet operations. There are few more e.'taoting and responsible jobs in the Beet than tbeLSO. A few miscues Can sink a carrier. Lack of cooperation with him aan foul up deck op(!ratious, slow d9wl'I a whole task force's landing operations and bring reprimands to everyone from the admiral down, of this one man, who might be quarterback on a foethall team, rests the gres t responsibility of keeping things rolling as landings progress, He is as nearly his own boss as be is likely to be in the Navy. He IS supreme in his bailiwick on the ramp. His judgment as to 'When to bring plal'les in Qf way them off has to b fast; and right. The only man on a carrier who can judge correctly tb pproaoh of the planes, the LSO is one of naval aviation's key men, especWly when -an aetton is geing on, shoulders O eornpared a
N TlIE

to

22

LSD 'QUARTERBACKS' THE .NAVY'S
fiGHTING TEAM ABOARD CARRIER aircraft landings aboard ships were wi!:h F1J'I11detheentirely by. to l?i1ots. them one on Hight dl:)ok ooa:ch
IRS'{

ithe

nO

The landing signal oHicer's job hIlS erroneonsly been regarded by some as It haven for low tllnldn~ pilots. Except fot a fe\v nonJlyirtg LSO'Ii, .all o£ the Narys padd1e~wieldart! today are pjlots in tlieir own rigllt The idoll IJll\1 they arc 1)lJor pilots who dlsJjk(l '!:heir J(Jb~ l.~ iucorn[l1IU1JI~ with the importance of those tasks 011 a earrfer. where they are key menIn the fighting team. The LSO. tiS much ss any Ulle faotor, eonldlbutes <to the smooth IfUUlll1lg flie.ie1lc), a flat-top and no one knows it better than I:he commallding oHic:er aad it officer of tluH carrier. Candida'les for the job of Janding sigmtl oifiMl' eliher III Y h« fleet pilots or graduates of Ql?e:rationru tr uilillg Jl ruinated frolJ'l varioI,U: air rtan!'llls' QTOS. TTainuIg of the monthly 11'10t11 DC about 30 LSO's starts lilt.; Jacksonville at, n sehool opert,ted by NAOl'O. Both LSQ's. who usually are lieutenants, and as istlUit LSO's gel Que month at tiLe sclJ~[lllenmIng sIgnals and .fUJJd!l11lenil;rus f their j0bs. l1hey make field o Cllrriru- la.ndiugs themselvi:s. with haH ili.e class wieldIHg tlre paddles tI.iid. otbe$ piloting, tben jradaplanes. Being pilots. they appreciate the problems a ruel' has in bringing 1m plane dOW{1 _over the ]lAmp. Thtl LSQ gets to know each pilot and his Dying eceeatrielties, The better he kn \V' them, the more safe the landing '. He has to he smnethiug of a 'psyohologisb, dose to the pilots. Be must. H.ten to their why landings are sour and olJer 11 remedy. To a$slst ~j]OI.S i:rl getting used to attesUng gear, numernus shore stations now liave ground iltst(!lIil(iolls thai ace.us!tim them to MIesudden SbOcK before the atrempt a 14tldmg ;fJbomd a ship. Lapdlng signnl ()fEicers Ilf'lp bring (1Iem in. Aiter they IinH;h this trlllnillg, LSO's spend two months with some ().pel'BtioIl,Hl trami.n.g unit, perfecting their "quar-

light l:iUlbs llI'e used. or luminous cloth paddles aud

btig~t flags. ill It sLiff breeze, these fla,gs nea.nly were inviSfble as they flew in a 'borlwntal posrtiQn.. Tomay the LSO uses circular paddles witb sueam8lB of cloth to make !:hem easier to hold in stiff wind • For night landings. wands lighted. by n ()U tubes or Bru.'.h~
Slih's.

offiCets we!(~

As plane speeds

in. increased, landJDg .signaJ st-alioned oll t'))C rear with

_m

Arrester gear ilL I<1tmulng's Island
it

feels to·

he 5~oppe"d &'Uddenly by the

gives

pil0t
eLI

ble on a carrier devJ;;

first taste: """" bOIl _of

"'"

or

New luminous

elnth suits und paddles get try(}ut to fncrease visibility of landIng sfgnal aflker. dtrdhg mght cattier Op&atiollS

to ,u.vo weeks wiifl the Carrier Qualification Training UIrit at ~AS Gleuvtew. Here they oJ serve and Igualify as pilots, maldn.g a few landing!! e:n the Woi-verlne or Sable for -the £eel or it. but dowg no paddle-wielding. They then are assigned to Beet air catrunands for trairiing and Heet J,ilIets. third mel1th with an oru, wQrklng a aifferellt type of airoMi't, then follow this with ·tw/) motlth.~at Clo'lllV Jar ship· bOlnd tt.aining and qUIil:1l!icatiOn, ~mon1y IL1'I and as~i5ta:l1~ C"lI.rtJERS haVlng three.eanylew L~Ogroops anellr!)' their lome A
fill"

terbackiI)g.'j Assismnt landing signal offlcers t'hen get on

Landing signal OffiCilflj,before going Ito Glenview, get a

OffiCilOi'S, ruthough this is not a common praetioe, The- LSO has to have the teamwork of all pilot's in the approach circle to speat! Up the landing joe... They must have the correct landing interval and must strivn with the sign J ollicer to make 0. smooth, constant approach instead of the old "throttle pumping, cll!tch~the~sanle-wire-every-time_," The landing signal oflloor must not be sloppy In giving signal , He must make up his mind quickly> give 'positive proper .signals the pilot can S~ and 11nclerstl'lnd ..villi ease,

ngnaJ

wHh own

landing sJgn~1officJ:t aboard U.S.S.
clothed for ohJll winds, brings

CQ'l'tI

W"loe'rlrte hi Lllker.tl1chiga.n. pllo~ a})oard for l;tndil'lgs

23

AIRCRAFT CARRIERS USE STANDARDIZED SIGNALS
1'.lrte~1l oirernlt OlJl CUTSIGN~L-'l'1~il

••....

.'9"0" ...... ,
earrle,.

'LSO i:D W. l"ia' Jo.

01"rlngi_.
10 Ie

tuck lor .. 'p,.dlng nUf;r ;'arl,
.ttltl1a.. 20 f~et. rill"" Tlfi .. ",m OllU.O lite plane II' dru!) Thue ~ no tltM~tle c;banrc. fiJISII are,

is .. 1Ii.o. n dit!on ~gua.l. 1. Pilot o:utl I hrq! tI~ ;m'Qed lah,1 y ,2. Hi U,1i:C5 Iti ~ l!.J:e_ all' Ib~ !ll[Ifal DfIi~"t for lI,« r.",l tim. anil I»f!Ltl' at the If ... " fOT -1l11=""t. J, R~ reI.. u~ ",gill ruUd .... pren .. re. 4. He,_ .nllu"'~ the 1'llU1e 10 g.. alit'lld. IIOtt ',,",8 duwn. 5. Pilot puU .. l\;rek, (>0 ill" .Ii~k lIml rna.ell. IIUe(i'I,QlnI1tm. J1lp~ ~L'hb_"i~. a) i. 81".." .h"lIlJ' JllS! I",_f" e dl" pla11e pusu th<: .. SO o~ th .. ~c:rn p!~~j"rm.

FLAPSClDW!I-Thi.
Il1:lIqin£

open.1) w{tll 11 whole am .a fiaJlPitlg lllQ.tl.UL tllllne

"'gil III ,,<It i!Qwn. thl tl1~ tlilat·. i'!'l;w-ta l'addl.. ~ ...
"'Duan 'lW.l clu •• d wiUi

'WAVE OfF

--'1'111. ,ill""! o.lOJi I. rr'lI.t1d!l~. 7he LSO .""_. ~naUI.,. ever b.u head ina "IG'lOOU' "''I.t!1)~M~ Pllnf an~!W' Ii, ,_.J: Ailtljl'1l' ful! tliulH}e to fer-ull .p,.ed. 2. GlIlIllftf 31u1Llil~, J, 'l'lIn'1n~ lefl. 11IJ(I~ mu.1. "Qt hind um Ier ""Y Ith"'lIllU1'''''.£",

;mllOllI£J<. ttl the pUul ~l.a,t hl.. f","," U". "",.weu it by: 1. ELsill. 2. 1'IlJJing (11.' J(OR'TII Illiglt(-iy ... ,h~1 !ll. "lane dg<_ I!OL I""" alfllu,d ... Xbfs ""IDe, Ilm~ ,~ a difficult .'rna) 10 answer,

FAST -Th'1t
j ..

t!.rolUt

oil.

'00

oilfl'al

CUT

'l'I,.

i.t~e 1~llQ" II. In the 'ePt'" and m ... n~ tbtt pJRlle i. tq Ute pf~p"... ~IHh"l,",'1nil ~lfh".'1e ,mt the ~mc i I .. g'~T" l!... 1""1f "'. the IIb,ue rem ..i~. riglll, tbi ... ill11_~ l.gi.W' The ""It~"lil )1 is "",1 oJ jHll;W<lIl. the .i~II"1 i...l"'n$!.tl al!Cor<linily 10 India"le to Ih 1"'01 .dl'Lt h. i~ dllinlf w''OIqr,

jJb,,~ "ll!h~~1

RDGm-TlJi~.fenl\l

WREEU-111flJt .ilP',,1 Indicar .... l<> the pilot that iii. "'11"¢fsc arc 110t corupktely do-wn, It u mad" by tile tSO: lAAi"(I batlj M<ldta In une. I"ma ;)Jut nJfrul.l)g_ thenr "' ... wid~ ]::lltle "',1 one .id. Ilf 111, pudr,' mlm:hJlIln~ tho ""~ b<md'-lZnnli; lUeth. ott of g.. ~ ... ecl, 11,,",,1'. n h

HDOK
that

HIGIf-Thi
con'.... m

'111101Indi".!"" the IlIa"" i. ;,i}l1i 11m) 11". pilo' ",ha"hl ll'ttilud~. u.s.... the .un •• •Tightly, I~"'n t~" tlin\.tk A.~ .. u (),"-[,$0

t.""~.

n~

ward [II" doe;k wlU, !loth I'.ddl~. tell. the "UOL liis !too) i, IIl)t (10w:0, Dill ",!Ina) CH' a !leld ~a:1'.ri"r ""'tIlTUI" r.. to ien the pilot to' land an-d at'lQ an llu,_ gl'ollud,

-'l'lili

,jllJl'lI,

II;

-cb(ll1iljnl!

nWYeJllent

1(1-

b1~lllb 1<1 mWI1I,a,n Ihe n.w ~hr,.. 11I",ul e .ml,. !.to, ltd.le.i

.1>Q1!)l-,

the )11",,<

tIOlc

..Itf~tlde.

ia nib.dlum. I'f D .....

~ig-"al Ind!ca"'1 tll,e ptaue i-. ,toO low ,ril"t $l"mld .. jld th<Oltle iitsh til"" til I b'e .tll'nal l'VGfllI', ~D 1".,,,1 oil' ."d _ tbe bWl" down IhllbLly to ~tQP the cllmti. jl'j""l Slep is 10 rtdll~o Llle tbrolUe IP ,nahu;!in l1rnll"'-r op:_ecd.
I\QjL

LOW - tl. is
~liru1J
th~
lm

SLOW_TI"" ~gmil liI1U1"liru"" ,,, Wt~ the "Ctom e cr i," It 'nd,,,,,t',,,, til" Ililat i~ ala",. Tt il II';",IW, b" -a. niw fng nuillon ln Un:- &Qil:n, pIlJl til/II. ~llC plroi ti.MW"r, the' .s ilfutiJ by addlrl!; thrllttJe ... indl""tw AY LbJ! I'l1pi!\lfr willi whICb the LSO e-iv~ il,t! 11 ll"n~, ff" ~h;)QJiJ nol alfuib hil I,fane .tll', SUNT
-1'hli! iii all 'I-,tjtll<1", .-illwil !pvcn by hllld!lI&: 0,,,.1U'1LiS ;II aD&J:., til.... -l~dl"\l!g !:b,rn> to Idt ur right.. ]1 indieMcI tb,.~ the tat. of tun, 11110-the If 001''' I,", n!lf ~1r1flddnl. 'l11~ PUQI ,1.,.,""Cb:J!<;a; 11>" tn'" II_11k to lh left, l# .100 Uf used elese .lloA.r<1 II> bave the l'ilQ~-act bit ",inlll'

fa .dded. fI ntll)l fill 001 .. U T silln ..l, Ita~ at UQG1" and reru ....... flh diVI'tntr.

lOW' DfP----'!'hi, 8isnlil j"m"",l\~ that lb", pJjm~ ~t· nttrile lit .'I~h(l1 nl~.,," .;In"'D, U, il;' <Yl.I'1\·ertC1 b7 trill 1,1101'. "aiio!{ the-I)Il me nose "p, Nil dn'ottl~
AmlI

or

kvel.

Tbe .;gl,,,1 i"dl.ates tbnl lb. sLiPllr Jilah 511.d I~" pilot "MLlld ~n 11ft .J'i;hrly- an.d return ;mmorllately '"

HI DIP -

"I""" Ill".

i&

o.l!i'iJliJ

nlJ5.t

tll.,_ lil:n<fi"l1 aQrn;i.1 of. sll:l\oe I!l)<fdiu jn an aJl_lllileoi nh\lIner. lIhi~ indJe~~ th" {lilllL i. Ju " d."II~"'D~ Ill>JiilQn and ~olfld t....e !m""odr~t. 1Ihil p<>!liil'e ~d:i1ll1 ~il l'c:med,y 110. :sHunt!"" 1.1) -il~J;J~d trouble, UuJ willi ani of IJ ';'11111111,

AGITATED SIGNAl-\\i'ben Iiem- l!ive.. ... .ipal \1"

"'"T

"Uo,,~

HIGH

t

• • • •

fLAPS
DOWN

FAST

WHEELS

ROGER

HI DIP

SLOW' , SLAN'T

HIGH'T LANDINGS REQUIRE TEAMWORK WITH PILOTS
L.a.1I_. .,,, ••••
",.,f1r ....

...

.,...... e. Co .r •••

1I t.1I •• or I ........ pfARe ."parll .'tlp _Iier •• ph.

"'0,....

1apanase

mainland. Not all pilots will have searohlight! to guide them to landmg.s, as was done ill ilie battle @f the Eastem Philippines sea. They- will have 00 rely .ordinarily QI1 their night vision and Ilhe illuminated wands of the LBO. The newest davelopment for pass1ble which

l\.TWDT operations-are growing more .1.."l eoll'llnon 8lS the war nears the

dally on CVL'S and eVE's, the LSO must bring him UJ with precisicn. He has to hold the speed down and line the pilot up with tile eanrer of the deck. Some eemrrion errOrl~ made by pilots include over-correcting Cor.signals. failure. to ,1J1S;wer Signals or slowll,tSS iu fast is just 11.$ bad as sett:Lfug too lowone can strain rtbe,arre:ster gear and the other might be hard UP the ramp of the !light deck and tbe nose of the plane,

carrying

them

out. OonUng

fu:

Bat and

CUT

night landing we a. luminous

frc&ot of the LSO's unif01:m.

is used un paddle,s and on the'

cloth

A pilot coming in for a l'lig.bt lauding usually pllysoonslderabl,y eraser attenOMINC up !!he groove, the pilot non to the LSO than fn the da.ytime should not bave eXCf:jssive altitude wh~ visibility is better. Standard. sig- or pump hls throttle. If he tries to reenaling equipment in the past for nfgl1t ti£j. pOQT approadie$ l;y climbinl jq5l operations has been varied, some ~g short of the Tamp. Ill! 15 likely soar ne011 wands two or three feet lon~1 o:p at an angle o..:-e1' de.ck and plop the others with .several eolered Haslingnt down hard if the signal affit;er decides bulbs in thsm, he is oot 1000 far gone for a CUT to bri:Qg him In, Tri-oolored wing lights on all planes -red. amberalJ,d green, accolding to 011 thmse pf'I;ges. NAN ws presents used landlng the angle of vie.w-belp the la:uding sig- Lhe 13 rnostcommonly nal oHlcer determine &e attitude of the signals. Others sometimes are used fu Held carrier landings, These include sigplane as it comes in fur a mght landing. Since the pilot comes in clay or nigli~ nals to bl'ing the cross-leg approach in 0.1' out or to show <Ii reversed csossleg. at ()nly 7 to 10 bots above stiIliQg Naval aviation film libraries have speed. any rough mllDipulatioD of the conlrols might preva disastrous. Be- avuilable a confidential mov:ie-MN-15a cause of liniHed carrfer deck space,espeCa.rritf" O,)eratfo:lIs-Landing Signab.

C

to

j

HI H

fL P DOWN

FAST

WHEELS

ROGER

LOW DIP • HI DIP

'.••

•/

SLOW

SLANT

C

damage eentrel fire fight~r;i move wlthspli~second effioiency when airplane crasn fires eccur. AI) alert Navy photographer, on deck ~heo the auxili.ary gas tank 0£ a landing F6F broke loose and ignited. recorded this U.S.S. TiCOT'ld81'oga damage control party in action. Personnel ill butniI;lg piaulls must be rescued, Bres pllt Ollt and decks cleared
A.1Ul.lElI

count Wheq Fire Call sounds, damage eontrol cl'ews are on the job. Fire flgbters in asbestos suits stand by ",hen

lu take aboard waiting aircraft. ScooDds

planes are launched or taken aboard. Hose lines are always radked and eonneoted for instant use. In this case Ilre

lighte.rs were swinging in'to action even before ptlor r~lizea niS plane was afire,

Because inherent l'ire_ blt2iards of car-

imperative that all hands receive training lilt Navy Fire Fighter schools, where actual fire .fighting in simulated sbip sections is taught. Even cl'i'ltplaiJ)s ana doctors usually receive dnma:,ge OOIlD:OJ trairung. Officers and men of the dam'lge contrOl parties receive more eltensive train;ing at one of the NlI,VY's rmmy shore based fire _fighter so!'wok

riers are fUlly realized" it is considered

28

fng gear hB.lt~ forward momenrulT). of lll'ndin_g plane, ignites wben thrown through H~'1Il:(J6 propeller. F)m:rres and :ga~olinl't 'Pray not from hulk onto earner deck. shrouding the port 'Wing'

AlIIili~1J BaS tank

under J;faF's port wing, tom

loose as 1lTI'~1»

Fire and slDoke boil up around cockpit i!IS pilot slTuggles to hee himself and es!';~pe. Fire ligllter in as..ilestps ,mlit, in foreground. rushe.~ t'O pa~L Another nirplane llirbles overhead as

damage control party swings into action tn t:tliJibal dangerous .ITre

Pllut escapes

from behind starboard wing. Damage control officer, left ffll'flg,TOlUld. races along deck to direct opemtlO(ls. 0)1 ZJ!i~ low ve10cit)' fog line. already broken out, is moved ill

Inward ftr·e. Fire ngJitfns are 1>reakiug out other lines for

use

Flames and smoke drift QClIOSS burning Hellcat. Damage control parties .have broken out live hose lines. The pilot still wearing lliglitgenr. tan beseen in foregroWld. Four bose lines !lOW ru-e ready for use agcillst high.octune fed flames. No move .iii wasted

Seconds attar tmkignited, carrier Bre 1lgh~rs have blue under ocmbol. Eight lines tu;e readied for use. OD right side of dedi; cnrwmen battle blaze witlJ hith~'VeIocity lo,g. In centes, to.m is used. Men on left play low-velodty fog stream

is cleared

1'IIe fir~ QuI. crewmen pus11 damag~d Hellcat to ODe ride as deck to take aboard 'planes that were circling for land.lng when fire ac;cllTTed. Port wing. f11eval:ol'and jUddet UII badJ)! damaged. Burned-out gasoHne tank lies in front of the plaae

2'

COMBAT MAY
MAKE YOU LAZY
Tht.r 8tQry by Mui> W~llw Ad, Mohlu171 .. repfintcd widl pCT1lJmion from the No118mb,," .Air Forc~, fJlJ JllIl'ny of the pOI.ltll " mow Of(! appliCIJbl to tlu: Novy. guy. IPtown England and him. Hebe was agoud pilot, I'dgQQd Bight!tlrn 1 lCcew Me a lead\l\'N> II

{'au

to do when we are not flYIng. FartiOul£Jily in theaters Uke till! ETO; wDere weather ean

Fiut. in combat fobs, nt! HlaUe,r how many liours fully give us 011 the gri')wW gadgets and no matter bow lTIlIJlY lectures S"2 al"rllDges. ilia!!! of us do~'t have enough

1"'1'1 you IIlJ' ideas

wout

our

trouJ)Jle.

UIIdersta.nd !:he probllllll ,

adn.'linistrath'e jobs sheuld menu iliat those jobs will be dane better. But obviously this l'ntil'e plan falls apart are WlilIterested or are lazy. Their :attitude Will W"ol'k II, bn,rdship 011 all us,

mto

if,Unmg!.Hd

i£ eVet!

II. sm ill_PCl'ceTlmiSt'

of I ~t: returnees

in

l'd

BOWll

with

having-alld he was mfserable, Most of the time :ne was SOll'C, sote htside, and ,the rest

er and a re.1SOnably eager lJellten:oot. But here he was in the States, assigned to !,hekiad of a loh 1<1 used to gripe Illrout not

of the

seI1edu1es. forms were tllwa)'.s days 1iIehinll; he amid never be .found when he w.as neelled. After three months In tliis j(Jb he still didn't know all t116 personnel w<lrking c1Jrootly under ililn. Whilt', more. the people he worked Qnd !il·e d with dIdn't. Uke 111m. They msen!ed ills nrroganee, w-s sloppillt!ss. lili l'va-bem" Winuinttbe-WM. -aDd-rts1clll<l' ... ny-neck.~whifll~_..;.. yO\1 '" ve- een-ta~g~1t-ea.sy-in-the-states 3tlitude. OVe-nellS. he had been a popular 1n6l1lher of his group,aJ:ways!he center (l'f "!I. happy g&ng in the loeaJ pub. But in tho
States he was pla 'iJl~ ell lone waif role, seti~g ~l though nob,)u,Y atMntl. "~'as worth Ins time. seen hIm 10 the p~ or the
canteen

base nperatiOll$ officer. Sum Imw his reports,

umi!:

he did a 1(lU$)'job as assistant

it to ourselves by saying ..... t'risk our neck!! and desetve p1enly of lCTh'UJ'e when we are not eperanonal, Well, in Qcumbat zone; that attitude ts all. rigbt, Fighting is ..v.hal we're there Eve and i1 we d@ our fighting PI that attitude makes 'Sen$e. But back j[l the States where tIwre isn't much dying tomorrow Of even .lib.enext day. it gets a lLttlll silly. The habtt of ulinking of yotlwlf as Ii kinil of supe,r~ man who deserves the be~t th \yQrld.has to offer, wUhO'ut wOlldng tOI' il persish-bllt the l:ell.SGll is gone. It's foruish: rncl1 for us to lie en enr baclcs ana pre-reno ~'t lvint'ling !.he war jurt hy willI.ring ribbons,
We $Qmllllmus have cih:ip!; uur shauldet-s for men who have be!>nID this country <;Wea.tulg Out gasoUlJe rotioning while we've been LeY. flingto de-Iuft the LvJrwaJie. We don't realize tJlllt a lot of these gnys me hlmestly as sore as hnils

)(eep you on tlIe gJDtlJldllometitnes for days and dllYS. a gu.y ge into the habil of lying Bat. an his back I). good deal of the t1fu We b:ecnme trudenl:s'Qf the llortzdi:lto.J but we know it's :illrigbt. We ~atJonal[ze

eu

fion

A Nfnll~R thipg,

),1 'l'ftYniC ttl l1ly olF ~reaohi:rlg. but, as I see it. those of us Who meel this prehl.em have just got to settle down, grit olu teeth and go til work. When we were 11.\18tion eadets we had to do a lot of dull, routine. iaitlltfng things. We wlI1lted our wil\gs and we tOok what WIIS d~bed out in ordef til them. Now we're "big ho)!.5 and many w bave our wings plus a few ferries 01' Nips. And we've got to go to work again. This time lhere Isn't Ii pail of shiny wings hung out ahead of US like a trail IC'• furter in front of n bulldog, but theJ'i/~ plenty to be gained. nevertheless. As fQf the grQUlld m~1I ,v:itb. oVerseas strlpi$, rhl.lY can write their O\VIl IUlslQgles, Tl\is :goes for them ;15 IIIl1Ch as or airerew mcrnbers. The "land of work w can do,-tbqsil of us who have "hsd It"-is sh wmg up at many air6e1k ill the Sin tllS where rt1hlmee~ have rolfed up their sleeves and nave perfonned to tile best of t"cir llbiHtil'!s.

1

'Jet

t.bat somebed 11:1 home tnighl he dCl:frlg II bad [ob because ho.: read someplace thul

When you're 9v(,l'Seilsymt hate

l(, lIrhl~

more b1L~!ls noticed quite:a few like him. I And llleard hints in eonversatlous, h!llle CO once. l"t'lDlarked in my presence. "One thing I don't want nr more of is guys jll!!t back £rom combnt. We hnve too m,uci. wrirlc ,!O do to. tab Mmeolf tiJ pamper them, he e."tplmn&d. Well, I f/?ll ntoo tliat.
thut this co \VII an l!Olll.'li!. hard worker wllQ meant 1l0H,fug SJ?~tdu1. Not tllll't J hold ;my hrlef for those III the States who ure obvious Iv in

though he'd SIlll.p off YI;IW' .helld If you 50 Dmch u mid "hello" to him. I wi!h I could say he was the nlll)' one his ki.r'ld, bUI :I&r J luld villit&] II few

tulldng

ra

co.., .... , MEJ' FIUQUElfTL Y "AVe TROULE flLLINC .I\'~ 1111'THE IOToiI.TES,. OHi: .. ILOT ~KO OI)WIIIE.D n N.AZfS TILLS WHV

to no one .and IV!.Ikiug as

fII"_"I"'tio" by'" ISlIt. D. a_kell

or

H

.nw• m. Tlmew

~Dd :tllert are people whe are just Elain reluctant to gi\let!C'"mbat mnn a ohance to adapt hilllself-en's WJII) dem'! wnol tn disrupt their nice, neat little I"II;Itfits rlH

00 hurry to .Bght nlthough the), were b'ain d Cor combat duty. There are guys like 'lilt

anyoody.

However most of the men wlla haven't been overseas am kliipt het'e bec.~use tIlev have partioular .sped.altjes: thllt make tlll~m mere vlllrulble bilhind the lines th~n in them, The 00 who made the temtl~k w;s biI; kind of man-one of the hest-alvl L ru;siguJJlRnt aud tried, 1'0 setJOQ I futmd th('tl' W' re eertam tt'!ndencies in me that I had to fi~hl. r can't .>wear hnnt>""t1v thAt rYe beat@ !l1en1 ~tfIl r)ve~ seas whlll In he eaMnl of fwd I

Well, it's thelr ehance now. II there's real justire in the- til" t~dMrlbut,()n program Or in 'i'ari~w; pW'~Dnnel rotkl1<!1fl projects, oombat men have to be able to take ever jobs at heme while tlwse who have been here all the time go out te
llny
rrif',ei

because tbey've been ·s~uckIn thts whuu they wanted to see Mltiotl.

C()t11llry

the Nips. 'This 'should be a good thing. It

giVi"

r got my.new de down f1l
lly,et.

thought 1l.bollt what he- said, Then. when

but al !t'a;' 1

t.'1lfl

wIl }:flu mrm

people with lob of misSions behind them a C111111ce :s£l1Ie doWll and live forever, to 6.~ £ram the Q.1ngel'S 01 ('I:)mbaL It gl'Ve~ men who have been grlping their heAds aJf in Kan~s a chance to caHeot It cOlID)e of stones to teIlt.heit 'gro.nddtUdnn. ADu it should be good io!' tI1c. AAF. Getting people who l,,,rwo' whllt it'~,111 ah€llfl, whu

the wer is ever; WitH, rHl IItilUer whlll Ih fu~w~Bel'a say, we kllow tbenls plllnl)' of war still to be fought. iJ'hvse. tlf ns wl I/) have tu.ngtcd witbtht! ellemy should know 'thal heuer th:m IUlybDdy else, Yc! lilt! amazing fact is that man of ~110~t' returned combat men are the w(}rsl Qffcndet5. WhQIl you 'lltum" 1:01J '11111 be well tr1!ated. jlrohably Will have your picture t:lk~n and get II nlee long Ieave. But after
the-shoutiu.g ill all

over

you

will

find tlmre's

a lot of work \0. be done lind you're explleted 10· belp do it. • In othee words. ytlU still ILave !I war to 6gllt. Sorry, but that's th gen. Combat mlly ttllake YO"1t I~y. If ytlu knuw thRI Wtlt~11 H. nl;lvil YOIl'1I hu· e an easillJ' time lll),n som~ of t.he n!st of us. Good IIIcX.

ana

30

Up Mike Fre..

Ha"d.r

of PlIof

To p.rovide hand-free cmnmuni.catioD at non-oxygen altitud~ a new-type lip rni(!rophone now .~ unde:r proctuement and SQQD Will be- ava:i1able to the Fleet. The mic;ropbone bas noise-canceling (lToperties that make it relatively inseusitive to sounds originating some distance aw.y, such as engine noise, exhausts, ptopellrlf seunds and other

ITOll) take-off to land1ng. removed entirely by sliding boom from bracket. Extension cords used with this newtype microphone are the same as those used with the mask microphane OX-41J AIl with swItch or ClC-4.2/AR without SWitch. Study of a simplffied installation. far all types of planes DOW 18 UDder _cou.sjderatioll. It is not 'ntendecl to !effi.OlVC the T-

The. Signal can be changed &om white to ted or vice versa by a .&cl. :1e. of the 'Wrist. The uew signal device is much faster than the flag signal method preViduso/ used. From Fly n and Fly W it is seen more readily tba:n &. Hag.
• lUAu Comm"'~Th'" device _m. to be • very good one to r place red and white iIIag. ",hieb !U'e bud to Me by fly
U
IAa

Fly Ul ~u,

.. of me wind mak-

.Ii!OFILI. IIIEW

OF I.lP

IIIII~E 1(Ii UIE II'OSIT.IOH

di1turba:iloes created by an uplane in 111gb!. It is, in th is res-peol;; superrior to the haad-held microphone. The lip micropbone (M-5~\fUR) Is supported by a sUding boom and bracket fastened to the helmet or headband cru:phoue socket by split rivets ftunisbed with the kit. For the (est _position the the wearer Wishes. Either movement Fequires Inat the boom be pUlled outwud Its full lellgth to clear the forehead Ot chin and nose wii:l\ont be-nclmg the sup. petting structure. When f(ltumed to the use position. the mitlT(')pbone is brought d058 to r.he mouth by sl:iding the boore to au adjustahle stop by thumb and finger tabs. TIll: 9tbp must be pre-set for the lndividual wearer so that the miorophone lightly mt:l(.!h!l~ the !i.ps. Position ill high.l imp rtsnt, Men;:. Hmo 011 -quarter mOb separatlcn bet\'l'een micropbone (riel and meuth results in rnarke speeoh cllDllellation, and poor: intelligibility, At olC}:'gen altitudes, the mask microphone must be used. 'the 1o;w altitude boom microphone then can be swung to tile rest position or, if mnsk flO used

beem

llIay

be swiveled up·

OT

down as

additiOnal beaekets should be obt.ained.

be obtained as personal gear rather than as tadio-radar equipment. To aJ,.. low ready use of one microphone on more than oee helmet or headband.

38 type nand.lheld microphone. as standin many innsed for this be used with cord fQr the lip microphone. The M-SAfUR microphone shnultl.

ard equipment. altl10ugh stances the jack normally microphone may have ~Q Ule CX-41/ An extMsion

In!.! them crail fore and .. f~ A du.pnall~e device abould be. in~tBlkd on fo~ .. fide oftlY'con,ttol for eatl£pult offiar '(I He.

ra

Fly Control

Snv..rl'~A new and e:ffectiv6 signal device for Fly ContrQl has been dl:welopf!d aboard this ship. One sIde of a shutter devic is painted red and the other side white, The device replaces tfJ white a,ntl red flags.
MAUSs,AR

u.s.s.

Dev.fop.

Hew Signa'

Carriers . ~. f'IlT£
LH ffAlCEws hu fROM YoU!

SA planes assigned this squadron disclosed tbe Buss type fuse, NAF 1004:-680 installed in the genel'ator circuit to be the seuree of diffioulty. Appare:ntly when fllses were manutactured excess at~ used in the soldertng temperature was excessively high. causing orystaliza~on and oxidation of solder. The heating effect f current carried in service by the fl)st) seems to ftl.l:the:r the eJcidrulioll prooess and forces exeess BuX' to the surface, forming a ooppeT colored seale. The scale eifhar stops tbe. . How 6f eurrerrt or causes. 11 puIsaUng direct current, A continuity meter test will show fuse to be in ol'der. ~ BuAer C(ml"'l"n~If trouble in gen,,~a.
tot de..:uw. j, due Co fa..Jt.y Eu~ as stated in dilir rt\pQft, It i~ ~ecemmended fusel ~e removed and mrcrut. lIlade (;OblinuOUS. 13limil1alion of gen<.'fl'ltor c;rcwt pmtecli';m in naval tilicraft j. c Dsldered desirable by SIIJ/(?T Ql1d i ""w being' ,ccolUplillb~d.

Generator 'lise rroobles PBY"SA VPI1.61-M investigation of recent troubles in genemtor: eireuits of P.B't-

31

bncawlg oil is the: question asked by all aircraft eng:1ne operators, DeteerninatiQD of the eJfec" of the engine oil drain interval on engine mulnteuanee requirements and upon lubricating quality 11.nd st;lbIDty req~es exbauslive 1abo:ralofY and opel' tionul s~ee tests, EValyo1iolJ l)f the effeet of in~I'e~iDg. lil oil drain Interva! is coInplicated by de\rol()p111en~ of U6\V atrprane-engtne combination~ with increased engine foB.lings Md higber pel'fOl!lllnnoe,

T

o.

DllAIN

O'r not tOdr.ain

,engina

lu-

Navy Prolongs Time Oil May Be Used in Aircraft Engines; T8StS Show It Has Long Life
the oil clJangeJ after each 60 hours ot operation. e eensistsnt difference in el1gine deposits, piston ring: weer comhustion chambel' i:1epflslts. or CQnditions or the valves could be det-ermined. No

found

ating ooncUtions,

necessary

The follOWing general

dutmg

unuseal

oper-

sistane ..'e to I)peTating personnel 1.• OptlI'aliQ1:J of cerlnin !in iniilg.type, airplnnes during cold weather mil resnb in accu:n'lulatioll of WlltOt' withil1 the engiAe req uirlng: frequent ell ci)ange!.

comments in this I'e_gllrd rollr be of u·

Results of ~esLSeonclllcted at NAS San Diego during J 940 using. F2A. PBY, BD and TBD airplanes _ and d(mbhng the pr~viously autllori.zed oil drain interval. res til ted in e,ctension of oil drain intervals to 120 hours for VR, V'J. and VP8 type afrpl.lUles an,ct to 60 hnuts fOT other types. For the pnst year. s","veml service tests have b en under way at operation,,1 training bases in Florida :l.nd til primary trainirlg .stn.llllIi$ in the Mid. west urea to derermlne theeffeet of n "no. oil drain interval" 00 engine lubricalilig· nil ebal'acterlstics ~d general infumal engme eouditton. Samples of used lubrical:ing oil were taken ot periodic intervals from the test airp1aue~ which had the oil chunge nt SO-nor mtervals and al: 0 from aire1anes- which were opamting an 11 noojI-dro.in interval, ReS\~lts of the ll:nalysis QJ ovee 500 used oil samples indicated that there was no consistent difference in used oil properties. As a typiGal example. samples of oil aken hom R-2S00..s 8nginesinst.'llled ill TBJi'-l ;iliplnmes after 650 hours of 110

the test plane:> uperating on It nooil-drain interval Prom data obtluned dtll'1'tig conduct of these tests. it appears that new oil properties are altered rapidly as engiJw time 1~ accumulated up to SO·60 hours (jf operation. At sueh Hmeusoo 011 cbaractertsdcs itabiliz.e at .reasonably C01lllt.w-t values. In same eases. as engine l1[1er. ting hours approached the:

rnalIutlCtloning of the ellgi:ne oi· lubricating etl system \WIlI reported for any

or

pnrlicills will resull of alrl in ths oil nnd ees,_espondirlg higll engine wear, Under S_IJ_ clI conditions, 00 eLnnges: should he ma:(le .t periad1~ inter-VII 1s. 8, Wli~ the 011 ~llUJ!..lnns)'lI'lllJII ii firsl employed on nn engine which has been in com;entrbtion
Q{ dust in acoumulation

2. Op~tion from aJeatw)lere UI,IJt)' 8eld conditiom ane encountered or In geOgro:pllieal vellS Wh£:re: eonilitioA5. are rucli mat the atmosphere aontnit!$ h1gh

.bowel be mad ,

tend wlool'e1l &Judge prf'vfoHsl)1 a OIunu' lated w1thin the engine and oil (;ll.angQll The best' glllleJ'lll imam:fal iOn 1\ "~Iilab'e indi~tes thllt if oil dilution is carelessly

opw:atlun, solvent .ncUDI' uf lh~ fl.lcl will

11mit, a slight improvemen~ in

i1LRe

used oil characteristics was noted. It iii because of high normal oil consumpnon, and frequent amditions of stable lubricating oil as makl?llp oil, that in actu,a1ity 'the engine oil in the ai:rpJ~ne is "ciianget:J" appr rimateIy twice dudngl'11e ao hours (,If op8Fation between pr sent oil ChMges. A balance between ram -of new oil addition and rate of contamination of engine oil .in the oil system is establisbetf, l'esWtmg ill stabilization of used oiJ p -operties, these service B and on results testsLahoratory fesb numerous earried at Aeronautical Engine in
\S£D

or in&eq_uently used, slu.dge dUTicultJe. wlIJ be encou:nlered. wllerells if ~Ol:ltimlal· lywed during cold weather pel'inds. little difli.cwJ:y Will be; eKperfenceci \viLh sludg fonnations. SimillU'ly tlu~ procedure af lI.ushing the eJl~e, wtth II mixture of lubricating oil, naga~ lln 1\la al5fl loosen these ~Iudge dcposftt which may r SI11I in subsequent ail s1nln~ eo!lapsenfter Such practfcllI ill not re nmmentled. 4. In generot 6ddltifm~ of dJif(l1'tlnt brands of Nil")' symbol 011_n~1tInlke-llP on to ta.n~, of a pnrtIcltJar atl'Cl1'lI shoul!! be r~ II.voideiJ. since such moon):!' (If dlff-wenl ''Qrlllld name" oils may pos~ihly result In IncrCll!!eQ ~Tudglng of th~oi1. However, no specffic :information is Qyu1T!lhl tn fndicate that 'such 'prnctiD8S wntlld T'!lrmlt in seiioos operatrng dilrwlIllies. 5. US-I! nf l'C-rdined or fed~ilI!l;'d 011 for flight pll.rposl's by ally nnvnl lIt:ltivily i.'! nnl
l\e-reBnec1 S1l£'('ificlttiDn pil to short period of operation
witll IlI';W

nil

of

Obit

e 1 drain evldeaeed no change in visoosity. the amount of sediment, and general lubricating 011 properties and compared we.Il wjth those of samples obta.ined .olter 60 120. 860, etc.} hours of engine operation. The intemal ond1tion of those en.gines whieb had operated ana no-otldrain interval were compared to the .condition Qf similar en,gine,s which had

Philadelphia, toge.ther with information on general servjc~ performance of present lubricating oils.. Teehnical 01'deJ 98-43 is being revised to increase oil drain ir:lteN<lls speci£ed for vttrioU5 types of na.val airenJt. Revis(on of t:his- teehnieal order will permit commanding
cTrain Intervals

flush ont compounds used far en inc preserV1ltfon in stoTllg~ is used as gtiillnd run-up oil by naval centraclors ns II ~pecJll.l cnnsenration

<luthorized.

officers to modify spectBed

bl the event such iJ

r-e-fuled Nl!.vy s)'nlbrd 0;; h~nt1ed 11.$ -spl.'Ci. ficatiOll oil In any naval aotivi:ty should b
OOmtmu1'Iicated
In IheBuI~Uo:rAeronaulics,

m~SUTe,

lm!senc-e of an'

re-

R.locate P8M Safely Sf"", Cfip Model PBM·5 airpia.nes are being de1ivered currently with bomb-bay door
safety strap srowage cllp removed nom the sIt $par and relocated Olll the chan-

SCREEN
film spotlighting the importance of Ute enlisted mAn 10 IJviatiQll qu.arhtrma:stel'i;ng; SR 336· l'iI~ AviDf'"", Q .... HM"lIIDJtrr
Sui",,--Wilbt~t (Rmtftttd). J~ Inmt'4i. 2 min, il( cQlor)

NEWS
tioo projectors sueb as die Visual Quizzer. Showing also are bcl:ng armllgad fqr Operations personnel ItIJd IilllinleWl'Qi::c CF1lWli.

na} 'brace.

The

relncatirm

desirable to eliminate chafj'ng against the under Dde of the. b(lmb.bay rear

was

[oUlld

Honibl. exam,I.: Now cernes a talking sUdc:'

.pur

Imp sto...age clips, part No. l62B8331;, Ioeaeed on the aIt spar ill each bomb hay. aT relocated on the channel
brace. Two holes are drilled IVHh a

when !'he doors are open in Bight.

"'y Lila'

bomb-bay

dQ,Ol'safety S'l:t'ap

to CIIt(!h 3. dope. the {11muses a duhiolJS cll=U<luret wildt! "Wilbert" to Nillll' Visian UneJUlffieci. {) mIn.) ridicule lllllfficien )'. lnzine:i:i and stupidity in _p«Ionnanee of vitu! aVlalj~ll supply DJ.seu.~'iIilD; principles ofseei:ng 111 the duties, \VUbeI't III a c:umbfnatJof! ef AU dar~. comparisOll of ~ye CO);lSt:nmtiOIl with wnl.ng-way guys v.thl' ever mlCon~CI(lusly oemem, effed1i of lo(..d.dngat Ught. prepar-a~abofaged a supply line, I:l1s IJIJ~trait is; rl~n lor nlg1ll scanning bYl)Se of red light dra ..... and 'llJMtlll'lrulBtw1:d will cOIl~!Jer'1'l and gogglt'~~.method of scannmg instead of bl bumor RncJ eifeC'tiv-eness. lookiDg- ilirectly lit lUI nbjoot. Wilberl snares tllw~b lectures, plays bllll.In~a-(Jhin.l.shop with rrngUt!" pack. age.s, Wh~ ins tllel11 A~ IDng WI· itchy "trigger ht\''''l'll~ iii, OWTI "stream IlJ1od" system rOT fingers" get II baa.a of good recognition labeling lIu"t'llIl1~ is a.llerglc to work and ·(4'n.~e. Irngic re5111ts will Follow nnd '1'eC.ogpartIal to Sll[ermnO comics. Ilil; worried niHlln Illiil~ will continue to play thei.l' ~:uperiOI'S send him from Jill, to jnh. but vital role as nids to )Tlell'lory; give up whet! he £nils 10 safegoord vitul M 1\<2<18G101 Re."JI"alati ~i rh« Cc;.'M (;11. ~lIpplll!s during enemy lwtion. Working his dn~ (.R ."t~i.cl"<l, 6 min]. ) woy dewn tJlJouglt the ranks, Wilber\. fInal. S[ttp frames are used to emphasize the Iy comes t{l rest itt a permanent assignment .....rdeasing 1,000 _pQtatoes It day fo,( active blunt nose Inog Stl'ailtbl Wings mounted high nnd braoecl with ~tru1slcttpDciom dUly_ and rudder. and They suy !hat Wilbert l(new all the .fuselage, lligh rounded 1l.11 lite tuil plane whl(_)h is a mtnintU1:(! of tht! rules in U1e supply bnak; be had to, 10 get

takM a dopa

DedieatOO

tb

tile proposition

that

it

Cal's Eyes. See-ing lhings at 'lIlgbt Mil: progressedfrom II pe.acel;lnle. nigbbnare bo, II: wartime science, AddltiQ'llal data fur tho e who soon the skltlS at night is c(robliJltld in: Q.r. M~,!I.. 1l'~~l~7 IfI;ll-RtJllue ''''

lItoulld them. O'I'HEI\ ]jlms g\'t dQ'wn to serteus ness:

\ving., Us' ~f Lbe glider Is· briefly discussed
t'N'J191t

busi-

4irrrlk/f

A"'Qli~" Q<I rl~""'IJllt~ S"""~~-Sll>mj" iJ"d P;uItI"(1 ·pl .4l!illtilli. Itf ul"ri ..1 (Talkin, .Iid. film, restrjelen. ij

r~

JQtM~l!Sr 21 min.)

9.....JJ. S. N."'1. A,.'Il
Gituafl

JU,~",.iJiQ" Tul No,
(R"f..i~te<l,

~,,~

.... 1'11$. II min) PrDt:u'_l:fJI of A i~t1" ,\(It .. "'r'<iI (T~1riI'lJl .lide film. re"rrll:te<,!. 47 fr.om.,.. J ~ );nhlJ A"n'4r lIorlt'''(/ It-fudo" 1lU,. Illt~. , .. \r:t'(:ttd, 25 11"")

.,11

0,«1 /Q"o"I!S-~ "1... ':/, ~ltiC)(.d. 21 min.l

lO-f).

-1 ""craf, ~ec!'U..itiOlI S. NtJ.'fI.:,oI, tlr,,~

'1',,, N.,

Dr:I' C R ..,

CDnOd Mltll Alms Sblpped:
TQ'(J#'f for TlJd .., (103 !bbl.) ';;g {iter. Dir.tIi"''' S~r';'~ T 10, 1R~d.. (.32' mill.)

naWACl£

CLH' IN PLACE: ON CH"'IINE~

BRACE

#10 (.1935) lind the olip is mounted in place witbscrew. part No. AN5l5. DDIO-8' nut, part No. AN3G5-Dl024;

lila

11:11' tOot A~ rver)' 'IL'fiaoon meoh knows. the oil temperature TegWntbr wQn't war} ri.~ht unless the oil (l.t:I{)lN lulJe'$ are in good operIIlirlg '(!<)nPltion, Hence U\e. film;
AI,

Fi"Idt.r D;.~ct,gn Seri~s-T'Yt· irol l·nl~f"III'I"_R~tll .... iJ4.KU ty min,\
MNI006

,,,'4CI'

Ffg~lU Direr"i.""
V;nbi(ify (II

Yi'uher, pl'lrt No. AN960-DIO.

$...,.;.,.......LI/f. mill.)

-+18511

011 Cap "'oele Cuts Down Leakage
VPB-44 - In early months of this -quadron's operations, several patrcls wd One liraos-Pacific :flight weretoreed eo return to base because of loosening of the oil e:ap, with a resulting drain of oil To combat this hllZii.Tdan oil cap Itlck was devised, During the time this lock 11'.15been in tI& 1 9 pe:riod covering eve:ral hundred rughts, the squadr 0 has had DO recurrenee of the h-ollble. TIle Jock nut is eap locking device in lbe down position.
used to Ieek tlbe
SDi.lp

Rr"ll1tl"'1 Oil ('oDlt. TlllIu (Uner~ ... Ir.<,d, 11 mln •., rovislq", at M(C·4185a)

SlH132l1. SN·27;1Zb
SN·271Z ..

AN ,dPS,;

I «.r!al/gli"~J

RIli$gr-

(.,50 r:rftm~"')

TlI;4-,

COVl:llS: Testing and replacing oil cooler tubCll 10 We oil temp_lUre regulator, UIIJCfI.IlI,JI LIlllts. When et'ln.fusfUl1 of u.nshmdardJU'Ci IIgbts at aLrpmtts reached the point whete ptlets begllD to wonder whether

AI'I/APS.3 IMJ.. Ii'Qr/t (42 rJ1lm"'l)

Ho:o» ,.

".f-/ rr AN N,p£·J
1"!li'~ht

Afo(IAPS.J. Rq.d~~-HD"" ,.. 1t11~'r/!'~! SClJP PttltmuP",I I (69 fftl,1O!!SI AN /l'PS.J R.dc.-H~Ul '"

SCD".~

J'iUI __

(60 frail''') mid'

they Were approaching. landing stl:i:p or Times Square, the situation got action, What was done about it j eHeotiVll1y demonstrated in the calored slide film:
SN.J7l4 Sl'tli"1l 'E... D_" <I: "';vlu ~Ul'lcJ~ •• iiiW. 27 iJorutIe.~

Jlltmn.V

R"JIJr -

frnme~)

$''':k!!'~1'.I'

S""to"

(57

d iStrlbl.!lt.ed

WIltIi 10191 "III: The above film, ar,e bciJig
to

A \11ation FilIQ' Libritrler

lit·

on the oil

and gas

.nu.-(W" Comm>!'" - P8Y·S Chllnge No. 154, PBY-sA Ghang(! No. 145, and .paY· S8 Cl1angc No. J6, Issued l~ Marcb 1944, rnoUlef, thf oil line so that oil ~etutnlng 10 rhe lln'Ik i. not disc:harged on tb bOI(om

Gil and poibl~ ro~,"..d landing. .rrpla:ne ",ill D01 0«111' ~eilY" of ", .."l-rani c'~ fo il.. 10 1M tire I he filk. r"

of

Ih"

611,,~eap,

Acc<m:linBlr.

0'feW''',
lou of

th..

The Situ presents stanaarci.izl"d colors, layouts and equipmcmt ol.l:l!l'enilyused i.1I airports to help nomlng Byers. set 'em down on the ~ight runwav, SHOWN: pennanenl beacons. jjgbted wind indiC'dtoU,. ob trueuon ligbts in a.pproach and l,lIke-off Zbnes, brightness control.. lights with restrIctivo hOlldll. mo\1tlble rei6rwoo hea(.'ons. To 'mue IW'e all pilots get !l ganaer a.! shown in 1'elldYl'oorm on Ql'!lt.inuow-opera-

lip.

lhis nrac.tica1

piChlIl!,

the sUde. SlID ill being

NAB

AUenti,," is ualled to new Itluarles No"y 192(3; !loll NlI"'Y %t3MS.

~l

OVERHAUL
Centralized BuAer Scheduling
After II contiuueus study of ne\ deliveries, attrition, I:rtili.dng t'!'lviromenls iUId other Juctors, DCNO furniS118S Dw\w'. AAIR depRrbllent R reoondlliorung or nverDlIuJ r~ufre.ttleni for each type of aircraft and engftll:. !\ctivitles required to overhaul 11 ~eci6(.'
lype

ana
is u factor ill desi~'1[JtiJlg engine overhul,l ass1gt1m 'llts. What lUI acUvity has done ln tile PRst should be considered 'before de:signating tl as Ill. overbaul activity for a new (IirCllqt, Is Obdocl
II

Repott!i
t1QD

lip poor

are lUUlIPec!- in r:l!Sfecl to b,ilcklog. nOO(ljl5\1:ryreadJustmtnt or ~tril)LJ

prorl.UI!MOl) III indiVidual poi nl.!i,

are mad.e cQntinutilly,

B dillicuIt.

cr,Al:::a.·.problems in flguri:ll~ worklaeds of A&U d~p<l!runenlsal'li compleJl and

secdoas,

~ R'eI?Q'rtli f sp~ o equipment er pl!t'JiOn· nel lilmrtag& responsible. for drops In pm· duetio», I~ith sug-ge.sted remedial actioT\s, are i.r.nweditltely pas.s~ em to qqgn i?,jt 1'1 1
braeehes,
Of

bureaus,

model

Tl'flnspol'f.,fo1ol1

fo
ruJ

lt would not be dtlSkllJ.,le OT posn],1 to desigol\le NAS BUNlmR HILL as an. over· haul pomt for P8Y 1lircmUt. .It is desirrtbJa to de:dgllate au aVfJrhnll1 aCijv:i1y convenient to the wutraetnr',.. plnul, sueh ItI' - - AS SAN Dmoo for thl.! ~-l. B~1lS6- nf the ll«lqSsity of lltili:l.ing faQIities of all naval alr stutious to the rolf est eJrte:I1t, geograpitil,;ul lOl:3liQD, in som» eases, is entirely dilIregwde-d.
tiOnl;.

properly designated. Canvemenee nF 1000tion IDll5't be conliiuer:ed In malclug dtlSigna·

50rles and

uf alrcr\\ft

Of

other

engin~

lIS

well -as I'ICee8must

COUlJ_XJoeni:/l,

be

asabl e backlog at each activity is. u difficult and ever present- problem, 1'ranspGrW,tiol'l is the grootesl obstucle in mainrennnee of uacklog. Because feedbaclt Ofil1rcr;ft is suof

M."lihtenanlW

prop (If

a

8aeldo!1

vidlXl m~o EllIltcm, Central.- and

81104 ... , E'staflllsfles MalMella.u Cnnlir!entlil A&R de_parlments

Olfices a,re diW~fl.'tJl

...m.
ttud

districts. There ]s n district desk in Bl>A 'I for AI;lIFl~. ,F.NGlNES,U:Orn-Elt-'Bl4N·
_ACQESSOttlliS. lNSTftOM'F.NT$. 'IU:lN 1\ GE'., ll"'Olf)'l'IN:IA H ellen

feet

to many

wIIl:iIa f1lctors, stalions in

get out th· w.or1.:. AN O\TEJ;tALhUAlllON between the three district desks is mainlallled 'Il" t:\m1lllek- picture is readily available ill al] times. BIIAer malntenunee Qillce$ me maiurained at Sun Dieg~1 ivr the western dis· trict, at Pensa.colli for the- c~ntrfll dlstriel. and tl-t Norfolk fUT tb eastern dr tnL'I, Plans are being lhmu.dated f('lt -a;ddllianttl offIces within disUicts t'O I.wmta'te liaison between BRAer, Ileet and ttaining oom· mands. "",n.! assembl and repair d pattments, effi)rt to s ~ iliat tLeir districts

These desk~!JIM

overhaul actiVity boUl 11lru;ge anti a srnult plane to work on, inee must A&R shop~ h~vEl oae section (If aH~mb1y Boar with (l Itttge span and beight arnl anolbflf section of smail :rpan and beight. ~ Capacity of mdl'1uiJaJ statlons, feeder 'ShGp$ and pel'SONllI1 ft,\\oilllble- 1'l1I1ili be een~id6niJ cl'lrlilill1y UJ ilMigning overhaul schedules lei Ilw v!l-rlOwr A&R Departments.
E""erl",nceo ., Alii Perso:rnleJ Impolrfll'nt lumber pt;rSollllld u\l:(illlhkand ..kiAh thev IUlI'e tl{' eloped must be (.'OfJ.,. ~icl~ed. brgnnilliititlb u1 tlw Hl:tlvily. ext!C,]IiVI!~truf "-V'j),uI,ILle nnd backlog uf "kI'lh>d workmen \hlll cau be drawn upon in dtl.w {If t'xl'~ 11.~iuu. ll .1rciUl!JQTUUi!, u ~ Tbt~ knau: hflJ/ (If '1,1 iUfrhi!lulll acti\-lty

A6R F~cl/ltle:$ Peotermlne Aufgjlrne~h Size IU'Id tMlpacity or the A.&R facilJ\)' MO highly In1portanL In deremllning de.stg nations, It is usually desirable to gjve Till

~ Facilitles of cUs_mc~ avaUctf,le for furtherance
'St!!;tloniSoV8t'ns

moe:!

always at", of TelaLfOnS he-

tweeu field lIqtivities and 13uAer. Manufcu::tllrl,ng Control Another j;~i1n 1ft BnAW', wnll manufal'tulil'lg oontrcl over AkR. depltrtnum:ts, receives all requests for .marmfaorure reWOP II'IECH5 ,AS-S£MBL.£ AN QIIUt;llI.ULED ENGINE

SUIHtlg: from

uotmwflubiltty

pf

part.

m

the continental Umits suddenly may find aircraft OT l"ngiDe!i. It is virtually i:mposSsible to maintain II steady Dow of work I.e A&R uepur'tmanls. Feedback. backlog Jj.ll hl!ltlons are r fleeted imme(lin.l'ely fu ~&;R loads, It is flighly neees.uy that eqwpmeul be mewed baek where it l'lifl he- worked 011. <;ctung l.he work dun' is li1£ISJ 1111 portaat
UWJ"Sejycs out 01

lhrol!gh supply channels. Request!> ti.r(' carefuJ]ysereened and the aotivity best suited to do the work f$ gjv~n the joh. Manufacturing (!(latto! iii UBCasSl\I)' to if-" sure that every pQSSlble attempt has been rlluaetQ procure par bf'fQre tlIU)! ate rnhQc ill '11)1 A &11 d epa.r.blJ en t, de·!l tfllia," has beer' set up t6wak", jigged Qr IdgbJy tooled pAil, it Is desiruule to have iliis part -alwn.Ys munurl~etllrt;l{l Utcre_ In sum eases where marl U· ell,tlJrilllJ is s:lr1'Jpl , fin auUvtty Ullll re~
J
lllll'5ls
:t

Lll all solic.:dHling Iunctions,

weekly alld

cOlllp(ls!ted ues is mt<de. Weak spots ~'LTll noted fmmlddiittd) and ~tRI'1< lit r;ikel hl bohter

repbrts of "'drk acby vlll'lons 11 Ihwrtt.ll :U::ti'vl· 11
mUlltl1ly

An an(Jly~i5 tJf

'1Ianllfll(:ltlf() Fl'lui

part iatc.f m'ly he desigmtted the item fo} itself.
(JlItltralV;:ctJ

to

1;n'flefit.~ of

BU/\W

.~/)I,(!(IIl/!ngllfla mon'u[u~·turiflg CQIlt!'ol will hot b~' aprllJrent for many ,mllntiJa. Resu(t., 10 thtte are ef~'C()fJrqglflg. Wltft I!'tl(ljJl'I'atiDll f)f 1111 t_'oncm'tled. cenf:'rr(ll~ell mmlral w1J1
(/ ll1!'g W[f~ !owrlrd al1elll"'tf~'{!. tils masutimano« pmb1uIiI t!lol /s nQW c(Jflfr,'III'lug II" Iltl/JrrJ- llCAI)t11 rJ.;rulll.wlicaI ,ssr't'j", • gl)

34

llie uollali pulla bead clown it 15 too tight

Llleye$t

must

fit llke this.

inflated.

If

Hi~ Ilie vest !its Gotr"",tl_\, Cmtch ;;tm:p r~Fftdn's mar·" tnan 5" !If slae k, tfeHlltoo

Iflhis

mao w,erJil in water he wouldn't. be able to swim, Cri1teh str'"J."p I!; tuo liglilt

It's a Life Vest When It Fits
!ldJus'l:ments 1<.1 insure :a proper fit. ~ life. vest that fHs cemlnrlahlv urunIP"- \'blSTS mus] he .wspec'te'd tU,Q [lilted, when .filled with air can render tested periodically It is Lhe weart \1)05 can. save his life: (I strong swimmer vidually !JelpJem; in e's life that will be saved OJ' lost, COIlL l:!iBa~ vest to mlllimtrm eapnCl.ty ~he water "Alm(J~t cut IDa iu two," re- neertens should llh\1ty~ be carefully through the two ol;lll tubes, 2. Put on. infl ated lII'e ves I;. udjustin g :l11 ported nne survivor who inHated an Im- cheeked for leaks. Oral innu.litm ~al\'es properly ndjwted !He vest, Tboug11 Iii are: not sclf-elQsiug. Except drn.ing acrluee sb:a,p5- tv St comfortllbly. a, 'Be sure sioe of \lollt tEl which stra.p~ ~trol1g swimmer, this man was able 1'.0 tual i!l£l.lllion by mourh, these valve!> ,.Fe attELChed is next to wearer's IlfJd I , take 'anly a [Ii:W strokes .. C1lafiDg can ,sllfliJld. rsrnam in a closed posiii0n. II II a ~e 1$ made lil the we:ig,bt or re.mlt if vest is not propecly rlttetl. ntl)t closed, gas will e.~\'·apt!when the amount of clothing wom during flight Beooli~e.fl loose strap lUld fouled on lanyards Eire pullnd it, WI.V <'mtlr!;elley,

wearer immediately shDuld take these thtee steps to Insure a H.t. The sugges-

I t's too late to make lI.dfusl:l1'tents in the with life vest jaBated. Serviver reportS from combat areas fmlleate. in ala.rm.i.ng Ireq ueocy, that flying BC1'sO!lllcl do not p:roeer1y £amiliwize tllemselves with their life vests. I\t the lime a life vast is issued the
wuter

for ,piI~b and to thell' TBE n;-m drawn life vests to fit ~e AVIATION PERSONNEL MUST day SeIU' l" from the stereroem,
nll·l:'l'e~.vrnell
IS
,II

djlL'It

ADJUST GEAR ON THE DAY

IT'S D.RAWN FROM STORES
nperutions, fllilrsonnel couoerned .unmediawly must m;tke ru.1()'Wl1ll.ee in life- vest

all instrument llglu, ~!owtng his escape (Ule Ctm·air pilot, itt his SUI\-iv0X repoEt 11et:om1ll6l1ded weal'ilil~ ~he. wllist, t1t1I:Ifcl:t uml haok straps !l:~lea snugly. is ntturul this pilnt!fllQuld remember he Will pullt~(j six fet-l under water while ~Q~at!fng the loose strap. Rad he followed hiSQwn"dvi~. his prediClWlfollt m.igll! have W!'!11 been more serious.

n

L

,

35

RAPID PROCESSING OF FILM
While the magazine is being changed, and How through the trougb is at a standstill. the HOUitO!). developer is fed from ·the T~er'l'oit III the big cabinet. This reservoir consists of a series Qf roller'S mounted on two dlflfts. the upassessiUg devices have been oP.lU'ated pershaftrnoving vertically in a live-foot sneeessslully In the cv specialized :l.ixed Frame. 'IChe rollers, six in each shaft, ~ery trainingprogl'am and aJt'e be- are threaded with film, moving from wg inJp('oyed on tlre busis of experience, left to right. When flow £rom the twugh into llJe' Continuous development of film in II. ligilted roum ill· permitted by thl: 6lm reservoir is stopped to ehnnge magawo D~":aEs to faciJil=at:e more :rap!? of film and to permIt beLteriUJse.ssment of gulUlCry lUllS have boen develop.ed at ,us Pensacola to keep pace witb rapid exp;;tnS:ioll of the gun camera prog.ram. First of these is. the gun camera ffim (eeder. The HIm feed~in nnd the lllm

TpJ'O~in.g

I!rough. The brake then is: released and fUm Bows through trough into reservoir,

camera film lIalessing. TIl~ RIm assessing device is designeCl to permit instant analysis. ()£ range~ &ring .angle, mil" lead. and line of sight. at any point dut~g a ~e.ry~, antI to present tbi, mfoml,auQD to flight students. Processed film is pro] ted through a Mk I Film Score Viewer. The viewer is mounted above the table top in II six-inch platform to permit rotation of the film on the screen h.y the erector prism. A wire model sleeve 5.2" by .4S" (1.12), inside measurement, is mount. lid vertieally OIl A movable standard The projected target sleeve is turned to a vertical position by the erector pri1lmsand the wire model target sleeve
is moved to a point all the tab1e whe~e

feed-in device to give raster servioeand to provide a more ex~ve gun ea:meJ'fl progrlllD. The dev$ce eensists of a :five-foot light-:t:iglH cabinet which acts 8$ It reservob for feeding a constant Bow of 1llm to the KIA Houston wliich feeds to tlIe reservoir- and a small Ugbt-tight box In ,vfijcb exposed IBm Inun the: AN6 m~irte is inserted. The small box is constructed so that when the film has unwound, contacts are made that energize a sQJen(lid brake in the I:tough and halt lim How of fihn. leaYihg Il smaIl ~ttip protruding fTQm the t1'Ollgh. A new box oantainmg; another m!lga7.ine nf film the.n is Inserted. ~d the lead on the new ma~azine is stapled to the strip extending: from the

zx:

Developer; a long. 1ight-tight trou.gb

mm

removal of the brake where GIm farrrrerly fed fTom the :Ran~e into the rnaclUne and Ii!!htenlng of the Ikst two rollers in ~e!irs tank.
Theseeo'od development is .in gun

anes, the develope.r draws fUm frOID! the reservati" by taking up the film between the two shafts, pulling tb-~ upper series of rollers toward the bottom. When the brake has been released and a new Toll uE Slm feeds into the reservoir, a coUIlterweight outside rbe cabinet draws tile upper series of rollers bade to the toe of the cabinet. still without halting flow into ilie dl'lveloper. And thus the Ie5ervrur is filled to 00paci'o/. aWaiting fhe next change of magazines. The enlv modifiCll"Qon t<l the Xl" is

its shadow enrotnpasse5 the projected sleeve in width. The wire model sleeve is rsrated in it,. vertical plane until the loop of its shadow ,ooineidcJI with t:b~ length of the target sleeve. When the wIre m(ldelsleev~ completely encam· passes the sleeve in width and length. then range, firing angle and mils lead nl.{lYbe interpreted readily. Range is interpreted ttomthe width of the sleeve and is read ~rom the c::;all" br~tions on the tahl~ opposite the small potntet on the moving base of the assessing deviee. Firing angle is Interrupted from the length of the sleev~ and is read from !he 90 depee to 0 degree dial Opp4'tsHe the medel target sleeve. Mils lead .... line of" S'ight are nd interpF6ted byinspectlon of the frame

=s=

ATOLL MAINTENANCE
n~nel\th the b_lflzfng sun ofa

torn central P:millc isle, its pnlm trees sbredd d by. ~lf;l ives. It c-.\StiJ mechanic works to keep the power plant of a Nsvy Llberlltor in fighting trim. Lives of its crew depend on his efficiency. Po.iied OD the coral landing strip in tho

shel1-

readied for strikes agnin!!1 the [aps on f)etttbv atolls. Maintenance of airaratt at ad~'anoed bases is in the provinee of Carrier Aircraff Service UnIt!:. working with Ac:oms which rnmish the materials to make such bases as se'lf-sushlm-

distance

are mnny

other P:B4Y'cS being

base. mgenuity of !!he men
often makes up for the

qtrlred to keep the Navv's bombers flying from the' .

ing as posRthle. MaJor overhauls natural Iy cannot be made by small operatiOJ16,
but meehs can perform many tasks

'{'C.-

fonn fl foll. Siu, (l[ Lila g_iant Prell" 6: Whitney engine compared with the mecb portrays the t.e}lmwork required of man and maehlne. the big genic:. obeyJ:ng rhe dictates of bis blaster.

lack of precision tools needed to per-

36

Olathe Maka Rudder Horn' 100ls NAS QLA.TBE-lnstalling rudder ham l"einI(),l"cemtmts on N2S aircr~Jt bas been turned into a ene-rnan job lIh lhis aorn.I~y beesuse 'Of a new ffl.l'1rletand pliers developed by two maehinist mate-so In

vlee, ellmluates damage to fuu\ pump iUJ'II.i.Jlg 1725 rpm, Hllci h~~ oil gauge lLU houlfings and I.>UJ'ting of ga:5ket sur{nee . ~ gisl:ering up to 300 1b,.A nOa-atrGll'ait Use or ilia Jig ellmitlates any po~sj,. geared tYJ)&aU plUl1p is attached ,to the bility of damage during ItS ernbly. 0]1(\' lh e fuel p urn P is tnt ItJllted 011 Lhe jig il ty wired without removal flIOUl plate. The jig incOfp rates all upright ball protrudiri! above tile bench top and fitted iliroygh ,I sl BV e, tending belsw the hru.wh. On the lowell alld of the shaft, below the bench. is the Lension harnlle fo conrrel l'ol:nUr;1I1 of Rhaft. rhut P(ll'liull 1,)[ the shaft extending above the bench is clrilJeJ.1 to receive the ml'l\ lilting "lute arm. I'll anJl rntutes llu ol1g11 an aI'C' of 360~. A l@ck::illg stud i:; prOVided 1(1 ~ cur 111eplate it:J any d ·sited posj. 11011. Tlll~ id!311 mlly be ealiily adapted lOT use ill llssembJy ()r other 'mall base accessorles. EllgiJ1e~l'ing 1!1a$ rnuJ be prooured !rOTO the Beneficial -ugge.stioa Gommittee, ~.;\ r~~'lHl IIRrbol'.
• Bulll'1' Comrrn.-nt-The
jjg is 1I Simple device Cor holding cngiQe driven fuel pump and "huurtl ~1\akc it eJUy for p.,.."ontmi. to W(U,k: 11:" P II. mps, The j,1t fUrth.,.. ""duc;e,·
fDli,SWl1"" 'uv ,("nQ<
L{,

un be oompletely asseml>led and We.

motor, The unll will pre-oil an R-2BOO engine in appto:dn1nrely 6ve minutes. The preserving oil and pa.l~tl.lne

S,UIIk<'U\.

A>lH

1=3

PlalNB

PIIESEIiIIIING UNfT SEII\III!£S .PAI CRAI"t"

-eitber right or Jeft hnnd

tpproxiolatel115 minutes the blank can be fQ.~med and placed (In btle horn l"ead), ror welding at II liavirlg 01 more than 50 , eroeut 'in man-bouts of 11 ber The blank (!1.I).1 lie Insertnd ill two illf· Ierent positious on he furmct' to lit
reiTlfofcqmenL

Jlenglllf' l'~es niHg unit oonsists of a cart mnnnlucturerl (If 311,6" ,Illgle iron [rarm- gu.ssetC'tl ,Il (hI: ((lUI ((l)Hlers with
2" w00d clack 5"0'1... :~O/;x

Fhe tapered pI! 'I:S II Is fir either born. holding metal Blmgly on ''''fllllng edge without rullin~ or fof-t'irlg_ Inee no Meat has been previollsly used. perfect I sette welds can be lL' 'bi" ed,
DiI'lGNI!C BY

meuts are fitted III -Llltil ends,
~f'lllipmelJt

I'r,,'

is mOllnle~l al! If Ille t".-qutpmenl. Till" unit has funl' Iul] swjvel eastors to allo«
nHIl1l'IlVeri'lhil1ty.

2.8

7

'

en which

Ha~Ule

,thl').l'hport

consists 01-one small

~B"A':r C(.mm....t-lt j beliboed these I!a~ily cansrructed tool!; an b· of ,uVlttl ttl other "riviries doing similar "',,10k.

A..

R_

L. Np:,u'''/II, bIN s, ,""c"""),

...... ,,:It<

,,~p J,

NEW

JIG

HOLp-S

!'ua.

!"!"IIIIIP

OFF

OJ?

BENCH

po~bJ£

rroubJ .. duC' to dIrt

m:c_umul"'t<.1d on ... ..ark

th"l rnQy bl! bench.

gltso1io. el.tgil,l' drivell, il" om I)["s~OI" Mod I 51l::!fJ with n ga:Ug6 re t:OrdlItg up to 3(10 th~". f'\Ir) till dard awl'rnIllHieil bONt'I£ wttL metal lIners .and a box Ior hoses nnd ~IIJlS. Tile he»: tl' hAir] ,!lilt'S Hnd g.uus lli

able

MOTG-81 De.signs Preserving

Unit

i\1~)~·C·ffl-Thj~ i\lurine CI"OU~hn~ hlh, iCiltoo Illiginp ['n'-(ljl~'l aut! pl"e.ten'iug ~)iJ nnd paralkuloue units,

cm t .1I1d t'I",clJI> mmle of 2" lurrrhar OO" x 36" "' $1)" The erudle i!' !'1I1 tn lit lUI "r,lill.,~) i'ii'i gil! drum. [liS mouuted OJ'
IJ1,",11" alia ,jnl1f'ld;.. IUu fll1f'd .11 hoth s .'Ilth, ,1!lJ unit iii ~uippt't1 wllh I1n:ndJe. _\ IIwlGI' und Il1lTIlP !II' utnerml with ml'lul l';;1Vcr In exelude dust, dirt nud mni$tlLH·. ·ttIlis keeps tllfJ illJ>tde nf rhe unit- l.fl:e frot'n an hilrmhll ~I'it rlllJ"illl! the l~re-1111fllg v],w'rallQIl" nUiogs ill e made h,r Ihe rdiua. , 5.5 gill. ~rll'1llYl. rile tliP fitt bJg has 111'\ ,iiI \ ~lll .dLuolled ;vt(h Ii dCllJbJe U]i{)~ ness nf filiI' witt, lTlf'sJI screen, ,Vhell rml'111 use lllf' ~Ilt line is !lItl1tld !lOWil iU!U the (!l\te v.Jv.e closer! The 11)\\ 1'1 mtir:t~ ("Of"'1 "rsfs of .1 gill!' \';,il e wlilt lim' laadlllg f)'om tbe vnlve to the suction SIde the pump vi.\ lhe metal ~m er Tim IIniL IIIIUI'if's ., I :1 lip rt'nll! II
low' s\VTvt>l (;·ustors tW" UllIlWl.l"Vl'fniJility,

The

l·lL!!lll,·

prf'-flUef

eouslsts 'ul

11

TAp~o

PLIERS NDl.D IIIETALSNUGL,. TO ltOR"

Fuel Pump Jig $avelli Man Hours ,A PEARL ElA.luia-n-A ,fuel pump .issemblv jig ce,'eltlrod by au otnwte8 -naa under the N!lVY's beneBoial SIl!!gestinn program, bas !UIYE:d many mUll hour» tit llrlS a 'Uvlt • The jig. by repJaoi..g :I converrttonal (;"LJllipi[J!! 1"'\

between lhe oil 6'lnks nud ~l.ir compressor. Two struidard. l'UIltIlunitiQIl boses wftn 6tt~ leak-proof Tl'IBb11 linen, ar ! ulUlzed fot oil tanks. One tank i to
lIJ!lullled

or

hold preserving ill] and the ijUter paral-

kaLone. Each of the lwu guns nilS two line.~ from onmpressnr and j1Tt'se!'Vl"l

18

Orums Lift P'ftne Above Floods NAS AN.u:OST(~-When llH'OOtened with flood(;ld hangar cmlwlioIll! last fall, lhellngiooer.iD:g deJltl.ttm.f!r:l1 o[ lhe, sta-

AVIATION
l.NflUUtIES SHOULD

ORDNANCE
liE ,ll.DOFfeS £l) 'TO THE CHIEF OF BUREAU OF ORDH"NCE

lion i.tnp(O~ed

method

tlll!i~ngli~bl Ir~~porls.
lOll

Addrtio"ol Cbemlcol Tcrn~ II AvoUoble: 25 snnh planes s, on s, me S, nne- In'F) were l>'tuel y One ANtjy; l"ype gravil) flol" ai:tplll.l1t! pla.eed em water-mice! !Ill dJ urns ill .2.\~ Gh~ical tank, the ~fk 10 Mod tl was de-

With halp of

01

the "airplane
it

011a

drum"

protection

from hi ill water, erane car cll'£l.'Ible IJf

I
l

scpb d ffi N.l 'rw!>, 1 August 1944. 1nthee s~,,!lllype tank, tilt" AN-MG'5Al, is being madeavailnhle for Navy use. Th ai11,bule moke lank, A.N-!\f133AJ.is simply IDI Army MSS tlmk with ur'riivetsal suspensirm bends which can he adjusted r~r~lISpel1~illll on hIDllb ml,.k~ or sbal:klf$ with either 1411 I'll 3U" spacilJ,tt helwOOTl hosks. ThIs lrutk i' Jesigt'led Inr InstnllaLjOI) ill ,the bomh 1,a.ys qf PHI ana PB4\' rype airoru ft. th e installation bei n~ ei th er 16ft hand OJ' tight bMltl by use of tlie Dis-

IIISpc!;fiOIl Jig" for Bo.mb Roe~.Reody D",Itveries of Insp~()n j.Jgs for tesUJ1g bomb racks, Ylk 50'llnd ~1k51 types ShliWll

li ....NOy

001.

H£I.P:;

TO

r...... TCH
,UTI

80M8~

ho.urs. High water EnDed to nmteThJlil'e.
alack LInes Promofe R.ange Safety NA MF.Mf<J:Ja-T-shHpeu mm'!dngll uousisthlg Qf tw0-inch black tines have been painted on the deck ill tlre Ulili· ~idllill llriI:lg position!; of Ihe Ifl(IUCJJ< gunnery runge. These mlldcings serve to restrict 8lcudeht!> properly \0 the rear oE th~ homllS. thus mlmmiz.illA nuiqe and confusion, and are expected w further iflea 1 safety COIlCUtiOIlS, The intersection mE tl~e lhres serves 1i.li iI guide in eorreoting stance uf the fndividU11l :itmlent. fo~ a ghm~ at the lilies suffioes- tn how teluth,msllip Letween fOGl position und tur~et. CASU Bores;gIJts On WoterRcrnge

'ImW rue blling received from the eoutrsceor, 'The tru.t jigs lire being prol,lT1r¢ for distribution to all overhaul -and tlll'ldiog aeIMlfcs !lml to all Bureau ol :A.erc:)1~autiC$ Rf!lll'esenLntives, II desbiid. They prDvirlu It reatly means for making cemplete shop tt1 ts oJ electrioo1 and InatrtlllJ operatiOn ol B01l1b Racks. Mks 50 and 51 types. Th fI1Sp¢CtiOD j~ haYI;1 Q\<enll] dlnu)n.. !ijo.ll~ of about 23" by UI' hy 6'~ wiligi. il.ppro.mnately 16 Ibs, and reli.·· 11 2-iu1re volt circuit to lest tlre electrical opera.IiQrl, An lnlthil soppl,y of lwqieotiQIl Jigll is being disll'iblJted to.a11 major supply pam!.'> f'Or filrther dllitri budon. Ao!:ivilles ilesitirJ g ttt obtain test jigs are requested to f!l<luiJition them from their 'nearest source. 01 supply under srock. number a--r.zas, Latching Tool fo,. Bomb. Rack Mal'1I50 ,4. Imua" Itlnl £1.1 latd1.lllg bQmbs to 1\U: 50 type bomh raoks in certain installations 1r~5 P~.en develuped by BUmp JT6Ildqu8.Tt rs
Sqlmdl'ilJL f'-our, Det'\!'lIhmt'nl 42.6,

and reIecred to

in

NAVORD

V1BM,

CA U-13-To pmviue Llle best in bareBigh~g. a .25()...ratd range WC)s eonslnlr:t t1 by t.b!s a{')tivlly ~I\'er \"I'lHC'r, It
was Dc(''cssmy to set the lmmes in water iust off shore because I r Inok of 5pHC'o: ail the island, The water aJ~() gave Ill!'! fl)r lest-firing the hQl'esightinu• Th~ entire project was eoustruct Ad lIU .~(!rJPof all kinds, such ,[ packu4!

added ndvantags of unrestrictud nmg~'

lutehin .... tool uan be Illmlllfaotunul il1l(.'lIll, if d ired. II is IlIlld Unm 11." SOfUJ' !tIll I"" [,111 )$" t'II1M!'!'1 or (if,ld ron flj, I te, (UIII ,I 31 lW' holl and nut TlllMull till' hrunh Illd. Ille lmd J:Ii pla(;en OJ] lnunb l'lIek j, ,IITltl [us! ilft of th'e milonLu.] arming euble so that hook-shaped end of
Ihf' hll1gPtl
"'"PUlN!> C:H~leA.l. TAH~

Tltl

rud

is

in lim w"llh

1TIld 'nid{'

(II

"'ow

IS JWj\.ILIIII'U::

c:JUlrto',.

chll.~gt: Eibow M2 mounted on rite JI~11110 The llllik L~ 11011 d('~I~llI"d fIll clltrlpI'IJ'inC!: 1.1 .u n·,h"l lHlIl\JlIg-~.
"'11~'11l'lIIpL~. tJ11ltank weiI.:J,~uh<ll1l175

bult wued AI it! r uel drums, Pil in rr fOl' the frame platform and CA!wIl[k WllS set h cirllttlS filled with eoral. D(lU.11~ also were used for the PQnt0011 bridge over tlTe du\nnel bct\vcen lIht1l'e nm] screen,

Ihs .• uul 11Il~ It nlluhli:' I;!l.tpl1cily uC lIf11,mrimatl'h 711 ~;l.ls, IIf ·h,wnkal t~~llr 'rIds ("IIlJltdl'!ll t1gwll l',~11 be (li:sd'Jltl':~ill III '7 or 8 SI'eH)llls !iftN rU[lture 1)[ III ~11!f>~ ~e(1]S hy eleotrtc dl'h}<L'tlllt!(. The air illlel1l<ll·tl III of the disalul.r[c assembly opens hill') the dlF>!(!ltinll rif ms:hl, thus pl'()vlilhlg I'll 'alr seeo p" eH eel. Ai r enferH tJ rl~ i!110ft .diLer' rh sill.! \ utane/lli.S hreaking of the glnss senls
10 1111' Inlll~ and d1s('hiU"g.e air "rhe tank Is g¥ailahle at

LOCATION OJ'

LATCHING

TOOL aN

!11K 50 ifACt<

under hlI:l<. '\[0. !3-T-~lO QnlmLlrc{> 1'/'111 pI 11"'1 11.:!?"l?T"Jvld.,~ all the in~tl'1Jrltinn~.

elnsure I,lal~. ~tlrpJ}' points

the ~u~r*\olSioll hntlk adjacent t:tl us 1~1'1 s.urmcu tor en{taging release pawl. By prrl1111g tlown on the extended arm of

we:

C

rrlov(,tl iront ruek afi,'(

~hf' hinged rod, the hook 16 (O.rcetl upward lnto the Iatohed p[~~Uirru. '{l..l'r.eo1001 is Tflwt!')IJrlg

vptl11Qflml

log !ntrie"

tenance receives :uwIy IHTDloc'S containing II stl.rem.eut that the Cltuse of failw:e coilld. .DQt be detemtined and I. request thatrop),'of the disa5S'6mbly in!lpl!ction !ep0:t be I01'W~d. ed, to the aCitivity b.ii1l. 109 UJ the engme. Wh@ A &It depnt~ m.etiE -receive these engineli. the r.equest In 10000.e instanCle.S is' 10M: sight of booa:.tllle

$.hou'd Be Acf~q•• te Power PJiUl1':5Bmncb Qf BuAer Main-

somebody
,D~

n~gled:s

to reference

tailed re:uon lor re:movru of enufne. which ill required In part -4 oithe, fug. l:mu1e:GIlose tIlE.! benefit
RESULT -

in the lo~ bOok OTto

give

th.e
t).Ul de-

the

englnes

I'll all cases: when a report Is re~y tLt} Q'p~ratirlg aCbVity, care engines and engines to be 8tri~e.ll, DO shauld be taken to send. a copy to Bl.lAer SQ t}mt -it ean oorrelnfe the dua rceport Iss.ubmrtted giving data em dewilh oLher RlWMS a'nd be ill a positioll to give pl}rtinent i:nFdIDIaflOll 10 other a:eliivities operatfug simtlaf eqUipment tluOlrollgh inspeati01l\ of 'ruspected weak pomts, 1n the case of botb overhauled
qruested

of .carefUl

when

over-

ana

pI_dcedtlt~

lha.t woUld For TeCUB'lug troubles.

foots or dam!lge, found ·andcommel'ltas to cause of failure-ill of which may go a long way to assist 0peJ'O.tjpg actiVities i.P aniLlyzl"ng fai1ur~ QIlIi detennniihg
mblim1ze
aI-11:tD.c,e~

LATEST AIRCRAFT SfRYICE CHANGES AND BULLETINS
AIr-plane BuUedn

In allier instances an RUDM is submjH~d involving tmdcterroLLied enuse of

if

I'l ecesSM)l'~

failure and the

oV(.l:Ihau}

F:&F., "
FNI-!l'.. G8~2 .•.• " JM-L ......

t?iU-FM-VG

.

M l18

73
I}

11-2144-

11-21-44
10-30-"

IRD-l, ,._. JRB-3 ...••

JR,B-1 .•... _ IR~ _. NlS-s . OY-1. •• P"-2

.36 18

1'1
5 I

10-'9--44 JO-17""","

IG--17-11

82 19 20Z 10

\1-11-'44

11-8-44 11-1-22 '23>4J

J()~1--441~14-4I

5
I}

11-[6-4<1.

I1-J6-4.4

OS2U-3 .. PV-I ••

.PBY--,. PB)'--!A., .•
PBY--!B. , •.

PB:-I.. .. PIlM.

111 lHO....w 6 1I-~ 34 10-16-44 6'3, U If-44 63 1H~ 52 W 91 U'
13

'8 1O~9-M

'1h'2i!l44.

:3 1 U 3 64 154 1

23 14 15

11-13-44 8-14-44&-2~ 8.-111-44 10-11-44 9-18..44 8-1.....,y 10-2344
Jf-17-44 &-14-44 10-7"""'"

nO effort: to s:ubrnit :another rel,nrt. beUeviti" the '!il'S't lI.('1)M is all r]lat is reo. gUlled. R'BSII7t-lhe Bw:ea.n hi)S 1.0 Polrow 1:11'1 the lml)~ requeSl:Ing a rurtller re:pol1t on the result DE the 'disa~semhly Overhaul luitlvi:ties ale remmded that sufudjssiQn of IH1DU'S by t)psrnting activiHHs does n"ilt :make it unnecessary for them to tum in an ndditionalR11DM on the samel'f}uiprnent wheredisa"semc bI)' in6pection reveals Ul1stllisfuclory or defective detaiJed p!ll1:$ ,gr assemblies.
Lucie or Rfl90rl
jl~:lIl'fs In· It is of 5.pel~io.l 111tere9t roJlow

,acli""ity makes

8-544

inspection.

59

PB'~-11t,'
atD-6 .••

PD1V>o ._
PIMY-1. ..

19' 1I-1i-44 13 841-44
U-d-44. II~ ll-11i-4t· tL-l6-44
J(1-Jil..-44

17'0

1M.

11-1H4

149

3;
l

no

PB,Y-l. RID-5 .....

122

U-l~ 1:0-7-'44 J,O-f'1--44

&50-1 ....• R!ll>'-l. ..... R50-1 'R5(J...,-l ~
l\5D..;l., ..•.

.

R50~S•.. ,. R!(t.,4 •....

.
-

{:8 10-t]..44 33 U-2l.-4.4 110 U-J2-44 13 U-1H4
13

Ii 10--174

15, 2 U 10-13-4.1 88 11-20-.4*
.22'

9-1944 10-11-44 1:I-1lr44 9-21--44

2

.1:1-26.044
4-12:.43

15

·a.y-2' .•... ItT-3
SB~3..
SBI)..iI._

R50-6 ••• R.y-l ..•....

.....

, •• .

" ..

.

II 1-26--44 II U-lO-44 36 1t-L~ 10 Ib18-U 1 8-31--44 ,86 &-D-44

tl , 11-10,,"""

11-10-44

11-20--"'14

n 11-20-44
15

J9

+-)5-44

because :oF~h.e failure of overllaul activilies to furnish reports where,needed. some operating activitieS' have issued local directives ~o pilfu.t a l~arge yellow cross on the Dose section 0{ri:n engine being turned in o,tl D.CCClunL of o.ndeter~ m:in¢d Iailure. They have n1)ti6~ A&ll depatbTIt,:nts that engines so marked represent those 01:1 \'\Illicit a report of pertinent lnlormatiou, discovered ,,1
time of disas.sembly inspection" should he forwarded to the 'activities turning

erGU to note tMl

n
21
.9

4

1Jc,..1~ 9-LJ.,..oW

6-9:..f.L 6--944 6-13'"""

In the engine and to BuAer.

Whi:1e imme.di;lte

neOO$sitaw

SB·~

SB.2C-t ••" . SJ)lC-1C .• SBlO-J.A.
SBlC-f, .....
SBlQ,.,3.
+ •••

SBI>-6

••••.•••
.

••••.•

V

6) 21 81

11-11--44 II-t~

76 ,.. 51
44 37

11-17--41. U-17-...J.l 10-10...w.

[08

15'6 tiS '1'1 11
"

10,.;12,.-411 10=-17-44 10-114
8-30-44

16-1'2i-44.

1.8

11-10-44
10--21-4,.4 11-16-44 11-11-44 104-44 10-20,,"" 10-20.0.{4 16-4-44-

U-I3-4A.

U'1
21

Jq"':2&-'44 IG-l8-41_ (1)-18-44 U-11-4t 10-30-44.

IIJ-:Jl!-4t

structiom .nd. directive' submiSllion €If IUJDU)I. oope
Wffll

nent if both opel'ating o.c:tivitie.s and overhaul stations observe log book inPn:inting of mntkinga en
tm~~

should

cirCI!1Jll!i.tliuooS may a pain.ting operation, there be no. need to mn:kt' it cpenna•

cor.u:!er-ning

IJI

SBF-I ........• 8BI-3 .•.... ,

;55

19

SJ)'P""" .••.••• '" SSW-I •.•.• , .. SBW-3 ...... , ...•

SBW-4 ••.•.•.. , . SNB-L ,sNB-2
SB~F-s"BW.

'5 55 5

S

io

'71

o

60

lO-Zl~

S'NB-lC ••...•

..

.. •

96

TVR-l ..• Fur

TBF-TBM .. __ .....

'SNJ-5.....

L4:1) 2

.~ 21 I~ 12

ll-I-44 11-1-44 U+44 lO-l~
11-24-44 10--234.4

fl-7...... 4

121
23

o

11-;21-44

local cOndftlnn~ :it not considered (I. heallhy praotice as " may add to oon£u$loIl in the event of tl'amel.' of equiprolll'lt or pe:rsoI1fH~1to other activi.ties. T11l, wUI be true especially i£ other !1etivities rellort 'ta a different kihd of mflrking far v:UiOllS; sets ef OO1lditio[l~.

lio

16
10 10 9 NO!l)J A,ero-

214

Ca:rriersfB
LET IA"EWI .~
HUR

CM/'Ipl«lt l{fJ of ;MraQfG l';.m'rii«"otitic:- P\I/.iI1tQtLtm$ Ind~ Nrlt':A~r 00-500 .•
!l

ChIJ.1IUM

...:n(llll.zI~lf:n& ue

Fm~IOUI

DOD' let a distribution log

jllIll

keep en1isred persoJlOel from reading

valuable ,etbnical and safery hints 'w·e. a monrh in Naval Aviation News.

DistribUtion Officers make sure ground crews regularly receive each issue!

.,.,_

...

";1'-

""'"
N ",.. __

,

'"'....

z_-=-:

.~ ..l !~~.. _

(1.414 hoW's.) of all HE-l wuattempting a 1a..ndingon a roadto pick up a doctor U1,Id traospprt him to the .scmle: ora crash. Everycliing was ohy until Lhlilawplana ran offl:he side of the IO d d!lrlDg thelamdmg run. "1'l16 pilOl said that Iris vision W(lS impairad by a dirty windshield and that be could nor see exaotly what he ...-a.5 dOin.g. The windshield had been wiped with an oily rag," . 1'h:is item appeared .in September 1 lime of NAN EW'S Ctinripaw , Pettibone ,aid the trGubJe board Assigned 100 percent carelessness to I:ile pilol for taking vff wjth a dirty Yi'iud$b1eJd. However, he ll11ggests that I perca_ent of tliut, plus
HE l>1LOT
'I:

T YQy

E.ew- boors ertm duly. ~h()uldbe

1\5-

AltOQU'gh tltese pa:rtit!uiru }ltorics t,'llIOlesrn only ,U10 windshield. the moral applies to all trll.n;;panml enclosures, especially the greenlwuse, to wit: "Keep trallS!)t:trem 'SurjaQlts a/pan, Use ollly Cl soft eleo« Gloth. chamais OT spollgeicf thi dl~anfnC1." In ass~gning respulislbil1ty the.crasb to EIiejilaL i..u We rust C~, the trouble bOIlremphasizes the. fact that it is the duty of the pilot to assure himseU before !lCceptiag the plane tilll.t It Js in $tltisfaoLary operating I2lJl'1dition. Bowever, lal1Aer agrees with, Crampaw Peltibone ill his B1J.ggestion that the plane capta~ put i~ a few ~IOurs extra duty for 111$share In the- mishap.

rot

signed to the plane captain as a rerrunder that wben his plauc is cerdfled ~ ready for Hlghttliisshould irlOlude a clem wb:tdJhield, Grampaw Pettibone als) tells £his stmy: "One day. near the end ur 11 COJUbat pacrol ffight, a6ghter pilot saw twn planes in the distance. Knowmg they could only be en.c;:my. he ignaled his wiugmllil and gllve chese, He was UIlable tQ cl(.fSfl the r3.llcge, bdwever, and was almost out of gas before he dis£overed that the two enemy planes Were but dirt specks 0;0 hls wiudsl:!ield!'

Plalll! CaptaIn

Mud Iteep "o»tlc

CI.on

{eoL of minute- scratches. WllShing alone i.<, illadtlqllilte to maintain transparent plastic enclosures ill be9t con(lltioD. POlishing and waxing are ulJeDliaJ, PhlltDgmphs aCCGmplfiIXing thi.>I artlele demoustrate bow seVC&:Wy visibility may he I'.edu~ciI because oImadeqllll~e care of the plasue aad Itbo 10 \.... hut extent the surface IWIy bl! restored by hand t~eflbnent. 14be pari shewn is a sliding panel removed from an airplane because of die 8OVCI'6 parallel seratehes W'hicJl covered the centerportion of the panel. . 1'he extreme left of tho ~eJ shows J·es.ults of inadequate and 1luuffidenl dl\ily care, The rightS-ide h-1lS been jm· pl'oved by 1ISi.q,ga BOO-grit wet S3J.ld· piper (ASO Stock No. 1142-P-1130) to remsve deep §tn'atoh~ and then several apphca!.ions_QJastic cleaner (ASO StOQk No. TI5~C.1316) which removed most 4)[ th sandpaper scratphes left.

or

011

his plane captain to USe proper cleaning methods. Be .. use plastic .materilll is relaLively soft, its ·surfaces are euily s!:!NI:tmed. EII-ect of suJ'£.aoJ.'l semtehes is to dllluse lIght and reduce Visihility through the marerinls. TbereFi1t~. although the ('Ilc!Qsuri" Inay hace been washed' clearl eueh time the pilot ·aceepts the airplane, visibility

E pe~WJy in cleani.ng tl'llmparent plastic endosW'l'ls, lire pilot must relx

teriorating owing to the cumulative ef-

Uuough the

{Jodq:lIl(

i-gradually

de-

Fill. Sc:ratdel. AI. VIIUdl'ty '_rhe pollshed surface !:ben was given n coat of wax (such as S:lmoniz), whlcll filled in remaining scratches and protected the surface agatn:st further marring. Complete instruetions regQ]'ding correct ma~ntel1ance methods and reeoonnetlOed thate~a1s are given In ANOl-lA-l~ "M11irrtemuHl6 and llepatir 01 Transparent- Plas ticf' whicll is being distributee], Additional COllies may 1)(' obl;liined from "Bureau of .er(:lllalltic.~. Well

42

INDEX TO NA
SUBJIl: T

ws
ClI.nr
IASU' •• ~pOt1

JAN. I TO Ole.

I~

'r4ClUSIVE

1944
ISSQE FACE ,rl~"u"
..

ISS E PAGE GEMERAl
A
rel"_t-, '. C
nil<)

rssue
usllll lie" -.........
••

_p CE

SUBJECT
GI'_nvj~" lift> "Lull' G~QJdli:l»,al gl\'~l1 Q~ i1u\JlllI>tJDII s , GUlUl:l. rtnltqlC, ••.

C1"ill~ IZ. I •• 11 {/a .•

Air dIlr., oeentel' jlO ("tIn.,1 . _. • all •. l(o Mrlldd df 1tJG'" ita I\ll!U~. -.. .... , •. - 8J I .. 311 All' 1I1""'pg return \.. U. 9/.1 •. 26 Ai, N.~,lflat;"'" 11'\1''1 r..,,,, . ...... 1/1 .. It Air'5ea r escue • • • • .• 51.15 •• J~ .\Ir·.~... r~\;I~ ••••• i!N ..23 ALI>lhlI' tlilK~", ",111111" 1o, • .. ~1I1.. 6 All' "lore'l<tt.pc:n tr~ined .. III .. Ii Al,,,t.rlil. birth. ,,; jWJllk. _ • • . :;.: .. 3(. Alli~ wi"g. b<lml;..-I I!'n.tll~ I~tgll,", •• )1,' •• I~
AU In n tiny'. work •. ,... ~nurd wuo!!le Ihan ~uhl. \rmr Air -,.oNOi........ A.rmy·Nm'Y • •. ,.. .. !II 2/1.. , 1/1 • 12

, • 5n5-.. S .\ea publiobeo 1:0"'" lI1Mffily...... . 8/U .. U \.£-0 (Avill\ioIJ Equill. 1I.) ScJ,Qoll. • 4/1 _. !\ Aeri.1 b&1J)8lni' ~eD-II1 .. ""lwi"... .. 12l); .• J S ,.rial .hob'. pb(l1dgr'a'phr g:d'I 11/15 •• 13 ,;,,,,1111:), 1""01<0. GPO h<u -. .., •. " 411 •• 6 '~~y~ui>l,ll~ p/l .3U .\n' t>tL_ ~eljld in ;,j dt.u Ie. •. l~/U ., ~ Ai; 1xom~r~. . ... • ••• :i/1 .• H \if bomb!:,;' get ItC>'o' did..; lll/l~ .. til Ai__ aft. C;krlit~, Mllrluc"II~I .•. - _, _.• 11/15 •• 10 ~ft tori'Milltl......... I .\lt~l'lIi{ ohs",na,,-cuu;. Army-!,>nv)' ~/. ,. It. Ai.""nIt mudilicd inr UU)'OII V\l ) .• , •• ;d5 .. 1 \1", ... (1 !"In. call1ll)~. • •• ,. ,. 1)1 .. 4'1 '-\;"""it lrouhlr- "pam_ 3tH •• 9 .\jnlroW!ildU III action,. 1 nIl .• 2.1 AifC1"e,~ num in T.AJIJd1m• ;~ I • i Airrfewm"n. N'I'~ J1rtllJd ,,( ~ 11> .. I~

!.;AI' 1'''I'ClI~'''' ITlHWf18 lasses AbuuJ<l1l "llmc bill • Abandlnlhtp d,;ll........ ~idelll blHt..-t 11! [tll'trLeJ •. - - ....•.

. 3fl " 1

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INDEX TO NANWS
SOBJECT ISS Ii: l'ACE
S/15. II/1 .. 9 111 •• 13 lJ 311 .1.2

1944
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SUBJECT
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Qai1lorli RaM 0,6 !loan! Pbl~ ,. •

• ,26
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,

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R~U'bjlil"titrn

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'rrii:!ns 1Il:r SfQ_I'c!f~~s •• ,., •• ',..... '('riot, men o! the air !lI<tpiea1 lila.,! fQ(ld ••••••• , Tw~""~
JiUk

J\tPlS, di.fI'iblllion

of

".

2-/15,. 1{1 ••

I)l

,,-41

1 ,

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Q- filJh1.red ..• , .' _. ..10/1 ••• 11 Nav,. Mntl ~"l'~II'1;tu !tilth .•••..• , •• 211 _. ~ 1\1 , "111~ Sgllwr !lwg:rilm 6/15 •• J8 ',,'Vl' ev"IlP'IJ.e'- ."ltI!1llI,,,d<la 611 .37 N.. .,. -gol.ll tH'''' ""ani rnIe.... , .•.••..• 6/1 ,. J8-

blur ,lvialion

Ren~f "nIps help Riel •••.•.• , • ". • • •.• lfl •• a B_n may as3i .. new CASU·s...... Tan:S .. l? RIO!!~ucro 6gbt IUd, ~;f • • •• " •••••• lIll •• Jll :R~ m.1tp lInk c·."""u,.,... 1/1 ,,"IS R'1"-~<:tf' ""'''tb J~P y,,",,-1. _ -4/15 •. ~ ~.ve1t btlJld letter 11115 .. 11 .Ril-l:d A-unMlJia.o Alt FQr~ }loyal c:;:,.... dillTl A.r F'qr('~. RO'~'41 N'j'V1, ;tiron!1 ... od1ft~ for Royal New Zelll31lil Air Fore
&o)'al A,r For<;e 111 .. 12 • .. , I~ .lIn •• 7 III .. Il 1/1

, •••.•

~

1.2/-1$.,j!9

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",

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Nnil -"'SCIIe: me ........ " .. N.vy pil!>! eap_ SOD Ger",""~ .•.• NaY,. ..,,,.11 FoT mlrill1l1aJ1 01";1 •• , ••.•

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Sa(dy ~Dun.cil is created.... S~lt d\U]kt::~ -;Ire fQffllcd. .. S1.lF1lBCd sbot dqq: dQllblt. d~lJ' Sura .. 1S,OOOtlt andi"ll • ••• ,. JIll S... I J . TOIlS .. Jl •. ,.,'

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4/15 .. 1/1

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..

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War 1lOnl;! n~c~, oIeis iaJl .• , •
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Wal"T..

• ' .. .,., ""ill gel 1'0"""1 wi"g:~ New N_ New 'ew

."'

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I ~ ••

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•• 19 10/1 .. 22

10/1 .. 11 Sa..., in the N':!vt ...al1l1~r, _•••••••• _. 4/1 •• S.hools m&lc .. me 'of tralnh'll fiI.... , .. 7/15 .. II S~~bl'''' fill" IIle for !!'IS m k •.•.•. \2/1. 9

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I •• JI

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rvl""

10

get plaq",.,.......

t,rar,c]I

••

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a.

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owo=qw
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o
5/15 • HI

SM,» tionem. Mruin~ pll~ •..... ':5I1iJl" mUM .. ~t m"",n I'pb.,,~" S.b.p reCl!ll'nitian mad!!. l>,,",J' ..

sbuts 011' ....... "', ,I~/15 .• )t'i I. ~"';nin ~il1.. --.. II .. 33 Shado~thr"w lig"t, __~_ 1/15. I Shark. ¥mto. !II1t,l". \O;lith". • •••••• IOfl •• Hi SIJ#rlI $111'''', 61i .. M Sb~Utl , 13

Set ..r#; SI'!N:' ...... ,........ Sc ... ''''' ribtjttn ~_..u.Q(h~"..

club....

. •. 12/1S •• IS· .. 711 •.. U· • 2/J 5.. (;

.. 8' .. 1l

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WAVES
WA'(F.S

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+o

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WAVE;S "'lc!ather

~.~dJl 01

w ... rinlt

to b~ Ael "ilim,. to -tl>ach _gill",~ry

l~r jobs,on

2/15 .. 10 4/15 .. a n g 8(1 •• 1,.

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••

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lIeell

.. 7 6/1 •• 39 1\0»r1l_ ..... _ . •• •• J'(l •• S (~.! •••....•• ,. 911 •• 34 •

,

1/1

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WIill·\fQilled, I&-gollllve; 111.5 Wbiillli: 'My liI"e1iO"'''' }"Jur sInn 11/15 Wilil.."I, n "-W, Jo:llIl lI~rl... .., •. I • • . .~/t.S Wild' phm! fOQd........ • .. •• 3/1

7/1S.,14 .. 6 .. 38 •• J7
...

44

JAN .1 TO DEC. 15

INCLUSIVE
ISSUE PAGE
,,,.1 0/<1 , fl.IIS S(H ,' ./lS • /22 •• I .. J4 .. 9

SUBJECT
Wi
v.·"m~

SUBJECT
CASU CASt;

ISSUE P eE
••• 3

OBJEGT
E
PWII; .~ !tQCkcd. ne HJeC'trtcall)' haled O,l'ina ""11.1 ZJee lrlco.l -rn.o.n".. t is Is~\l.d
E;u

ISSUE PAGE

Nary ,..... • in MniJl;l; to-'])o •••••••••••• WorldwOl~ uf Ii,,!) N'B"Y \'rcdtcd bUmp i•••lIo.i,ed

CASU
t~ta"'g C:lu,"i" Chang"

Change

TECHNICAL
A
A&.lt chop sol "'~. ~ re bJau. .. .. ••• "". A&R U~a ~1... ulAt bench ••••.•• + ••••• ABG-2 I,,",~.rn ... !o. i"'l'N,>ve jill' •••••• A<I«>lIl1ri~' t>a;l~ I.,plly. • ... om...", 11"'1«1' n~ 6.14 ,,~ ct .\1)F lDoek'lIl' tTllon'" u •• d .•.•.•••.•• OljUlil1111' land1nct Ir~bl,"_.... ••••••• 811 .. :1<2 5/1 S .• J2 Bitt •• 42

.....tt:tIlr9 .. CJJ.$lo f-.ih.ro r. blimled C~oclc,"1{ Ihe wQlber Cbub on lr;ullw I'1Iwo

"b.vt..
Cbute,

Cb"n~

d~...elDP~ lUI dWrlll.,r ••••••••••• 1011 Il;u ..dot: 'f.Quimlli:nt .•••••••• 8/15 'A'" develop~ otdna.nce ld..... , •• 311 ~':h15 ~p~ a"ia.tirm !mppli" ••• 5/1 hrf .. p Oil aceid<;!\l., 8/H, 0III"rg-c:nQ""'1;10""............ UI lInpTOVCI P .\ W -.1I1Il!........ 10/1

•• 37 •. J6 .32

•• ';11 .. 35 .. ll

JO/tS .. U 31J5 .. ,u
_" •

-nUlling

Martin torte................. adapteri, d""U:~
,

t....... ....... ..
,...

1 fl .. 30 4/1 .. JO
J 115 •• !2

Efil!ine

..,

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~nS.. 32
21iS ..
6/1

,E.. Iin" i. Oui,hcd" , 1I1S .. U Enrdlle -b!1if.1a, ruinfotu .. , 1/15 .. .32 ~~b"lIl. record 6/15 .. 20 Engine IIr.~~ .."ti"n. woteb ••••••• , •••• 10/1 S . ,31 F.1I!l"I~ __ """d, <l'IIdle·fYp~ """",; .•. 2/1 .• ~o

Enemy

h~'"=r

planc

..alyaRe

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.. •

8/1

6./15.. 9

.. 39

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111$ •• 3S

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for !lIm ""',................... !nen I rn f I of b PI'OZ:1.... 'l(d!~t rtridltea ••••••••.....•

n

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Ii~.,..............

10/1

1/1

'1/1 •• 29
.. 29

0

Elbutc Ch!l~

lurW ""'I>ninl;tra.ln~,,-....... ""rial pfi(lIO ~blllljue imllruv<:,'; A.~""llb,l"mJltd on SNB

l/H .. 32 nIlL~J4

AJlitwl" tlmit l~drl!Star "1I_,ed •••••.•• Il fJ L. $~ Anl1lHl!lbinn ~ Iter F6P 51'1 .. Ui AUll~ e\Tr.u~liIlK. 611 .• ~o A""". dultlJe IA oulUnl"d-, 8/15 .. 31 AnqUn llci<l!qo. worn. tl!.il 1115 •• 29 ART'"S. lnIm ~ !'be _. 211 •• J4 ...ltT·,. toacblJ\' IlIe _ i)l .. 34 ..... 1J't) WIllP,,1U in 10 lltIiIUde... • •• ..12/1 5 •• J8 A..ratl Qrd.llt11f... • 21H •• 16

,l,lu Iu l..,ru:hi'lII rIB"".. 5/1~ ,.211 AilU(>!! ..,pain ~t Ottum 4/1 •• 40 ",,,,, .... fl ..egj<lent mporu- ••••••••.••• lil/l •• 38 iru-att tn~. h,"'I...... .. . .•• .• SII ,.30 A,..-n m",m.rn"n~ lra.llcr 4/IS .. 36 I\hu".1! ~oan:JIH ~ 1211.> •• 1~ l\il')'>l....., 1W'D;f<lble, ia aV;Oilablo ••• '" •• 13/1 •• J\l

'tlS ••~O

C~utcs nquire spec;'l <lBr~ Ci.n::ula .. bench, A~ use Clamp 'II"'lil~f &fcIt. WlJrk~r......... ClaIIlP, NAS Qrke' mllk Clamp 00 brgt cable, un

12/-1 '-' ~6 It/I .• 3S 8(15". tr.
5115 •• 4/1 4/1 4/t 5/15 12/1 2/1 2/1 .. •• •• .. •. &2 3[)

.. 22

.,.
• •• ..

10' 28
35

F"br~Q "'R e1pedit« in.tIl:ll"'IIOlJl F;u:tQf)- tool if iJllPrQved ttall nndb.~ Qat pIlUle _ FaUgue failure

Clh. Got!

Cl """j "II joli
"...c.},f"l'

1.- fllcllltatrd,...

Cl{lud •• dang.r ClIQr ",,,Ie

$<"""

Jnrb ;0

lIWtb tim
test time. heal

"
0'> •••

\<;!ol~-r <lULI;fg",

11/1 .. 18 •• 2-5 411, •. 3.

.,10

"J"

FA:W·2 mQ.:!lfi<l-IliicJolilta Irnr FAW.? _ flO .... fvaee<! p"n.' Feed.r !lUll a ,ds ~dmnll
Felt ""ip'll'
~n-etlt!l ~

p.,,,,tj

Gvmm.o~"l1pn for Bunner" •.• , •.

",~.url!!i

1l•• obaIl t.'l'~ EM CASU

lIflithllll(

Batte..,. 12/1 .... 2 Oe;uij"lI: fool Q,""(,t 6/t •• 42 gellr f'lr OSJl1............ }/IS,.33 Ilnrio)t juk aid. 1'J'4>p ~'_i.r lIc-"!itl; tI'!Il Is r"'ld!!.~ 5:/15 .. 2\1

"....,iu.

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crew 'Adio...",,- 4~

n/lS

•• 29

COlllmUIlio:.1tton5 Itid, d;,llgn •••••••• Qm:rp;uu·",hlIn!!!lt. d~9dn!l eom-p,i" Is nOw ~valIQbhe." Cqml'fJ~. uew III .wing ('t>ml'aff l't'\$~ olJWlt[ng witbolit Campau l1)~ J)c>rtable, M.V~ tim" O=j>.O:$s. tool holn' 1Il!r1l b...,. !If CJlfnP'H~r M K vt n. 1:Ie\1l wq (lime c'um~ulJlr$ m~ at' 1If'Cd~ •.••••••••••• Conduit ltJol (s i'!Ivonled .. , Co(n_~r rdl""'Wr or-pu .. jig- booo~ Cor....,tiltil "lI,rd. llf1)ricJ.Il...... .. •

_. 6I!

nl ..-'0

.. ll

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Flxll1 re "Ids l'C1'"ir '""otit -PIan!!" ""Iter J'I~p system _":lTU bOll F4U .. ill' (oldInll, prncnj;8-,.

fIliW'c

12/15 .. 31 1I/U • ..'l8 tll .. 3.
12/IS. ~~4 IIflS •• 21 -6}15 •• IS

.. 41 911 •• 29 51);5 .• J9 1~115 2 12/1

J/15 •• ~1 IV! ••29

w"'r

10/15 .. 31 8/1S .. Ji

lZ{l •• 16 •• is . III •• "0 lit! .. 20
nil

1.'1/1 .. M

u/j •.44 ell .. ~$ "IS •• '34
2/1 .. .39

S/H .. ~~

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tan s•. as

COr'I'O!-Ct 1I11:1J) IWnw~lnlC'.......... <ilovc11llb f..r carrier 01''''1'1

a.,,,,1 "'."b~.
B~
8~ml)fnc
gWO-

JZ/IS for \~/I Blow&' inrde pipe piliP 1115 810"'" ~n~Clr :!&Il~t. lim HI/l t~fJT1in"t"lD''''''''''''' 1/1 B"",b..rdmm! tr:aiDin~ aid I, developed. 6/1

8~ttd' .Itiilldt. hreath in 1<. • • •• Blur ,urvb-.1. hli",p', lIM20 de"el~I'" w~~h

• •• • • • • ••

V U •• 36

co ~ f".
CoYU

•• J/I •• J! IfJS .. J2 1I/1S .. 28'
1/15 .. 38 2(1 •• 36

'I'l~ •• :1'5 1011'5 U. 9/15,.30 a/I S .. 26

Flol.t liih~, nrck win recei'ft f"I~rlcb. bland b&ll OWIIC)'aur_ ...••
Flow

l"IulI., Fhlllh[igill ~~, uehArlJ~............. rrli~ 10 lid o~mm~r jerlltlc1 · leat ~11""t

<Q!JVcd ill a.rt., "halllrC!l .to",ali'~ pl .. ".......

8/I5 .. J~

11/1 •• 33 12115 .. 34

6/15, .19 5/1 S.. 29 3'15 .. 3?

Fl1w-b.el £Mn!. j,

FlJ:.1 fu.l
i'oninJl

lIrllhl InlliCillqr i. UMld

.. J,8 .. JJ •• 31 .. aD •• 16 ~t2/t .. 42
12/15 •• 41 12j1U •• H

.111

bulld< ~'k-cd ""'II lIomb'lIc IUll=l. .elf·pmpdltd •.••.••.• a"",b n&. (11:1\1$1<) adapU. ••••••••••••

Rnlllb .~~~, lime $Ived on Ilombl., 1lI'.1I. imj'lrol'OCi oa c..rri b D..tlle drai"" fue.l orn""' II"" PO-rID,,.. uIck acc_ Q
Bralu BuAel' B""""" buAe .. 8olllll11C ",I!p~ oop.' tNikii

'"

ail •• JII Illtl .. ~. 04/1 . "U lIflS .. 29

C1'f'4I!Ic h.lp,. t'l:ldJ;pg: Crltlle Ir!vQ1t.d by Mllrillt...... • C nklih •..fl lOck &: WMtlnh Craruc.h"rt t1tr... d, tlIodiJm<........... ~h dl;llb. eVE dC3_igna ...........• Cruh uudts. Il~ lle'" type, CTCapil11'l <:onlrol., cllmin.te Oro polm !n!l'l:II.lor Cm!ing 1""[ MV"_ m1,lch tlm f:VE ilo,ly,," ~~H dotl)· _ .•

",hute ~pooni"It lOf PD.Y fuel llink riianholea....

'n

w/r •• 32 7116 .. 29 '/15 •• 34 1:2,/1 •• 47

2(15 ... 11 1/lS •• J~ 4/1 .. 35

Impairs ytsltillity 4{15 •• u rockmjf dev;ae us.d.. •••••••• 8/15 •• 2J! F!'II.~tm·o(~ optr;at~i' ..,••••••••••••• "tI5 •• 32 1"611' _mmilQitloll bOx •• lter 5/1 .. J6 Fuel ""II eare " on"," IT0\1b1 ,.1 [(I. .36 Fw:1 Jtn1J~"•• Uuprov~ FM·I. SIt •• J! Fm;elajfe rep"irs. aidl! tn 5/15 .. 31 FHsdt«t f'IJ~f"lO OJ) <folly.. S/U .. Iff Form"r G Gapll~r ~ reQ(lrd G". C.IIrt. ~"rtable, in use- •.•••.••.•••

I:llUII'~'

ll"cI , improve............

4/t .. 28 9/t .. .33 5/1 •. 33

~/I ••. 11t

12115 .. 47 <4/1 •• 14-

eYE'"

hydrifulia

bt!n~1I (nT. ••

10/1 •• 3'.1 9/J.33.

D
luth in dOb'h 2/1 .. 141 D.b".ri"lf tool 1I'IIllle frgm drills 12/U ••• 0 O•• k pendant Ij""k. dHign 1115 .. 32 Dcclc: Illffi ~."tbook d tslll1l.d. • . • • •• • •• ~/I 5 •• 3.1 De.!.'er !loot.. \\'11)' ttl 1.lrircJl...... .••••• 2/1 ., 3D Devtce "fib t.oeJ<~ pilQ""....... . ..... 10,(15 .. J" DeVice bO.~t,,~ drive ",hArt ••••••••.••• 111 •• J I Device "Otl darll:a:lte whil<; to";DII' •.••. ) 1/1 •• 3, DanB'er

Build b...mtnmliilUOII 'rid BtII~t bo:ltlll, 111611 Itfut BlIllolllI~ toll .111 pl..no:. .. , Bu1l~tt b1,,~t J.pantll'" taU

Il~J"Ve jonget life 7115 .. 1.5 loinI'll r~d lh{hilu 7/15,.. 3" Ir.to no.lt m .... i.lil:rufon.' " .,n /loS •• 39 1i..tII IDIIX lIum~r 0'£ Ilnk!! .•.• 1I(lS •• ~9

'"

.• 38 611 •• 20
611 .. I;

III

Bun,.., start""'" lmpi:l)vcll UuOrd new UBe fOI' Bu", re","y~ time •••••••••

.r.q,.~,

B~'Jl_ ,"wllclr i. pro.ided

"".q

" •• 1IlS .. ~0 " 6/1S." 1.5 , ••• 11)/1 •• 31

lIU .. lO

GRUII>;. tI"". d.... 3 "Ace lIt:ate 12t 15 , • a 7 Gc~r calt1ng, 1001. tepab 10(1 •• ~~ Gel.r pillS, puller .-~moves............. 8/15 .. 33 G.."etntOI 0>1 ~ felnovill1f 1001.. , 1/" .. U Gen~tof tim.e. 1'I!,it;"" ...... , 4/1 __35 GrCll,fI! ~ililn'l' rUfl5. Ilf ttl_ .......• 120 .. :lS GriIJdlU'. timMllvcr ~cJpi .• " 7/1ii .. 29 Grhl!(illll. itl!;~i".,t<tI:irQ time •• " •••.• ,. 811 •• J1i Ci-rindlng: i, mau", preait.e ..•.••.•.•.••• 1Ofl • Gr<lllfld plUil dl'''Qllti"U~ 8/1 .. Jl GSAP I!am~r'" ;.. Sllcl:Cufllt,' 3/1 .. 6 GWlrd ,,~etIts 1i.~id~n~ _ •• 9/1 .. 29 Guide pin. all..,. -partl, elll work ,,111ft ... 2 Gun f.e!! sy.tem impnlvl!d, .• , ..•.•.. lit S • J Gnn loading. <:fe. j~e help . 6'/1 .• lIl

wo."

,. 2/15 .. J.4. Jill S.• 34

,,,It

.u

GUtwOJ')"

5/15 .. U

1>,. rc¢;""

lItl .. 3~

C b~a ~1'6I.c.l' ItIJ1Chln""...... Ctble tI,1i I. tm[lr~ve<l

lltiAer J&eU C.",,,.,. I.ltd IRb!. c"IlIbio" ~metl. ~c~a 1111,1'1111 fot, ('_uu .. n~tlrt~t gril> n";l1~ Ii.. ,..

~bTe

1m

9/1 ,$2 81l •• J2 6/1 ,.2'3 611 .. L8
2{1~.. :11 1/15",.J~

~~"'" clcsu1<~ nL";'~ ""'WIt Jor dlnln Dc.""" 11_ In",,",ge "hamll' Die ma.k.;i N2~r'dulil Cl)yu, Dilin"'''ti.zilll!! Nil."" airtr.dl Dt'"ine

1/1S 2/15 2/1 8/1

Cuulu8a

CIIIllIIS'

(Ill

f4!I

7{U .. J6

C.II.~re lllJl4Lnr lfea .... ., •• " IOt15 .. J4 ""11 orm "I_I> is u5dul 11115.. 31 roo .. diodCle gu ill (oUlld 11,(1 ,,34 ('u1la1'60r 1Il0l !& kill y. . . •• .. .. 51) 5 .. 30 Curi<'-r ~. ~"emll_~ WlS .. JZ !'d~ tIllollr. lIoHc.e 10 ~lJ J1 r" 6"""5 mQ~ed in 8/U .. JiI t.",_I~~" UV"_ e.m?~1" , .•• , ••• ~./U •• 35

e".

'I" ..

BI"" ~",be"" d.vi~. hdp9........... 8/1 ,.J8 Doll'QJ;.l14' time in .,..Inl[ bllfl!!li!lIl'" •••• 12/1 .• '" Doll r b~rp.& ~'""'vc w in.rs •••.•.• , ••• ,. 5/,1 •• 39 Dollr mavp all 'urfac:IM••• " .... ,., •• 2/' ,.16 Dolly, tlIn wlJed. rot TBF.l'I.,....... 1/15 •• J3 Dome ....qulrel COrrect "nn ""ag'" 12/15. ,,35 Drive "haft, device 1)olst""l ,.. 1/1 ••.1I Dual JliIrp<>.s~ m-'1d,....... . 10(1 •• 31$ Dun CtjverJ. N_l!S. di .. 1IDiI<~ .. " all ••• ~3 D!ljlt JIT-QbI~. Martnu 501,,, ·7115 .• 35 Dlta 1<11:1' ,pro] ccl. .. .. .. .. .. .. • .. • II/I S .. 29 Dll!!' k"l' ~m!nce PI'OJl!Gt...... "_,, ".. 7/] ,,·211

J/a .•JI!-

.. 29 •• 31 •• .12 .. .12

GrmntJ'Y. o;1nthdlc .• " G~n o:i.tbtin., dijolllll1 .unpll,Ji-ef Gun .tDCl & put 9" m uol ebn stQr;lg¢, liit body fot Gyro Jl_ com,pas fu1 011'0 indicates dive ILngle ,. G,-ro, _dum; of

!O 12/,l5 . f,? 87.15 .. 2.6 2/t .. :16 30

ells ••

tn ..
5/1

.40"'''

.. 116
.. )6

2/1

H
fl'A1I11 Iilzmlf
aAl!leM

&.~

HelmCl~ .twl, f"a..<t~.d 10 Boltl. od~·.hO]le'" pi.cu
MOttl

Hclian:

in tite Wo'<Itl:in".. w ..ld ""'"... ..-ital metals .......•

proves ru '"orth

iUn .. lItId Jigilla

oo!H"J',. ~fl

.. 3& 1011 .. ~B

10/1 , '11

un ..18
• ,35

9115 ..

36

ARJ.'!"~ IiID.\e IUltembl1~ ol-lP<l.ud ROlli! tdnl, ", .. il!n" do:i!l:ra.~

or !h ..

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5/15 •• 32
.. 30

61l ...,17

,

45

INDEX TO NANEWS 1944
SUB ECr
H ....

UIUECT

ISStTE FAGR

SUBJECT
h'rnpl'lll!< l'rlll'dlef'
ll"lritiDll

ISSUE PAL'E
'" • , , ..•• • 81l .. \~ 2/15 .. 10

flow

10

IlIC

I\J F'U ",~r

Ryill'liulie H,;!ralIlfc
H,dn,uli. Hrdr~lIliG ilTdrilllic Knltalllli: F£,.d" ..

H1d

lje

Krd",nfu:

fb; eVE" ••.•.. , ,9/1 .• H priil«t~d...... . 1/1 S.. 3~ mock)u p traln......... , .10/1 ,31 ",,~i:nl'. J11:cG walohLng ••.• J 1/1 •• 3;~ r••~r"O[r plil ... ,. ..' •• , .. 9/1 31>

"""ch lin..

{rl'm ,pln " ••• " lite Mlil ~I $'04 •• ,.

7'1I~ •• 30 6/1 ., !Ii

111 ode! 1:Q0fl trai,,,,,,~I,,, ........ 6/15..19 Mol.jure aKoteIk laua.!'er. . .• .. 1M .·n .. .. ,,.. 511 •• l!ll M'1l'Orins: llne, a~~t I.t<.:<w Mooriog' red i. ""'~1)h~d, .. .•• .. ',. u17lS .. :U Mo,Il.ns. direerc pn 'lI1~"~ . .... 3/1 .. 32 ..... 1211 .J3 ¥<lvin~. dual I"tOj"Nu, 't~ln"r,

",o

1_ pIlIlOL .... , ..... leu 'elt unlt mode..

se~

<It

eo."'"~"",,

.~t......

,.

HI/I 5 .. JI> I{l 5.• ,,u
1'1 'I H

N
7J 1~ • 1 . 1:2115 .H Xcw l\,Qo 18 'hInt 11M. int<! U' •••• , 1 {I$ ,l;i Nllw IHIU ,hanll'lIl' llt:r"f~{'!tft\... '.,., UI • 6~ Nil'" 51gbl pUt 'on shotgun.. •. ~. , , •. , Sfl S .W ~~'" tool~ """"ll up wo.I.:.. ••• 11'1/1 •. ~1I Ne.... way TO W~' CDrttp·lltef .. ..... 1/1 .. 40 Night lI,ing. u iner fq~, . .. • "In/IS •• 3fl Night Iiky Is .1tGWll ...... , ,. (I/t ~ .. M ',,"1p]lln. hlp! In ."lIu",in~.. ,... .I/IS. !l Nose bl111l'D'.............. .. 3/1 :>11 Ndt~ "Ii ~e .... 'g'!ng_ 5ex!nnU, •• • • .• 1/1 .3-3
_ gauge ~~s 3CQUl'TIle

P.\tj'J sa O(~ .tutl\,~" B1)11~e.. ,., •• II,'J'- " ~9 l'roleol en.lj'lu. dl ring.. •.•.••...• al J5 •. :;~ Prolel}tfOlJ 01 ~ajfl~ wint'k •••.• 911 • JS f'ullm' <,,",ave. ge:lt" plm .. _ ...... . stU .. .u Pump tIrrnlll)lu is cverecme . •..• 10tl .. J !'u.h. m<J a ....c.. \~I~, sp ee-.t.. ......... 2(15.)11

',t"""

Qh"""~d. removal, 5TI<>'"d, ••

1""""

wi

.ae

" "ailnr.m" swe~ll.' 4tr,;eh! NATS rallli:> I:(ur ...... ".... N 3VY .I,mda rtil ~"! alrera ft. ...

..

... • ...

~II (,/1.

,31 I

P\l·l

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" _., .. ,.

4/1

I.

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a

R
hi.-lk, new. fil-cn;(lHM ITtlli.]~,.,,,uc,,,.. ,, 1.2/1 __ ~~ R;wJc will retti"e ilout Ughh 1111 • Jl\ RUill iI~tin:lcle~5 lIl1Hle ptJ!!\<i •• , ••• ,.,. .l/l~ ,\S

lFEe "cl<!.uCWr' dani,,,rnu.,.".
Ic-nit

lI'and ch.~k'Uff li~I- .. _ .. " 1/1~ :38 Intt11lmenu .re rn.ldllield.,.. .. $/15. ,32
(nJtTlmlcnl lhol' It ,ould bllJ)pm
10

Inlltrllcl10n In~runl~t

Im!lt'o,cil box oarrio;& 5Dlnl1 Immbs Imp1'O""", tniuiPIL devree-, '.
bo"i;I.~

o:tf.lJ

~uard

,_

'1~,.• 11 Ul .JI ,121U H 1!' I • .,39 • 4 1> •• 33 8(.1 35Vi

:R ndln

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sy.'R!rn Is 1m IJI'o¥ClI.
.. ••

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40 lUt d Jack tllll. IIDW noRd),. • .115 ~~ r"dl. ,,11. I. b UpJ,Hrll •• " .... __ "1l5 .. JI 1..... !mnrQ\'U p"l!O~r~~t'l, ,,,. , ,. . •. ',. 9115 •• l~ Jill p"rf......... diJli~ .. 1L t""lt. •• 'in .. ;9 lig tl'inu;tR,,-'. r~~"lIIer .Up" . •• U/'. ,.18 Ii l:.od"ll '" .... -"fl"'r~~pn •.. < • Stl • J;Ii
hm I~ <l>1l!'lk. !,nll o"nlol".. .11 •..
j(l • \JtiC l'1iil •• <dUco' 11 ""lI'd, Jatk btlllS .~rt "" ....i••.•, • Ja.:k pail facilirall!'& ,in, .el''''n, •••

'11'<; .. 12' I !"II '1'.1

ovt!l rrulMill~ lllu,allmetn.. N2S du co,~r_, .tIiI' ,.-t,"nib~ litllt.!<, la:V;

_li.-..
o

• A/1 5 '" /1 .31
j

n".J

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llllltUOI: it; ~clO))I"d., ••• _ •••..•. lUI I;

,.H1

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f1

3{;

0,", !tml. maehlne \~<l.. '. • (J(lMll1"II~1 ~Ithl .Ievlc~.. .,. , ••• r}rllnaneo ,i.vk' fl,,"te,L., •. ",
082U "trull,'>,!!], Il"-'I • f'lxy?,m ",,,,,,,lion Cl/lll1 .,' ('I.:y~on 'Hjdm III1~e ":lrtl~ n~<gr'n tll<i1"i;tlro" t<1t~.I1\., OX}'!!''''t

MiMltble In jill., 011 '«!l.\ lOilI li\etS !'rizo.... , 011 -s lick: is u e" reaeue idl!&. 11Jeo "bDlJl; ,"rll1; t:XjllQ,k ..

on

Otlr

buffet;

m ""'1f '''AU~ frmn ...

111

T ns. 3~ ;,/15 .. 1.8

In

,j!jl;

30

!t/n.. 3" lOll ·3t 7115 .• \5
1/15. lJ

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7/15 .• ,12 ••.•• .
0/1

! 1 .. 28

~/1 .. 36

to I ,•.,

"><Y~"II

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ullit

() .. ~~~

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<1oml>1"I"",,,,I •.

to

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It/H •• 29 I!/U"llll
~'1'; ••.~

911 •• ~~ •• !'>I

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R~"fo~

l(oota.crnH ~l1llitllr

l''!)l j&' d~vdClJ>ed r.1rbQ~ ~liIlI:I;5

•• '" ,

• ••• •••

ell

llls .. ,r~

,)~

nud

d I!.I' l...,k nn,thad ,,"VC!l linI may save 1Ivl:l'... • •• .• ••• R:IJllW" -j;j~ fl"'1!Il'tlV Irl,m.WIt)' J4_1I1j~. I",.. 'Q .101>,

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adju'ti.tif:..... ..., .. 1, J.S •• J2 t w6·coUl"S~. ~ ~ , . 9l , t 30 t..&unMu. mai"ure nJi... lI •••. , •..• , 19,1 ,.~ I j.ol'"'11hiog pl'lllU. ~i<h ill, •• ' ;; 'H . '1> IN<b~rn..,koi, ,'\sG-l?, Ittlpl'dVe llt:, .. , :2/1 ,.4~ LJfo nh ''!lomb''...... .... ", .J11.i .• 3.1 ute ft. how to "". lit 11<11, •• •• 1>/1 •• ~ Llfe 1'1111- modifian!:lOIl<. JJllA~r 115.. I't ,. J9 Lite .... f .... bow III ~ht ~"-V.rr.r<l. " 4 1 .• J$ 1(" tllft I In~ ~I"t" "J'I'C<le'l,. I 1,liS ... 10 1.lli'IIInlllIC. i'll''' cI~QIlOlle ~t~n.*. , ••• , •• ) 1;0, • .36 I\ltltI lell. of 011""- 01'19'· ...... , "11,1 .. U I P rut fn ..~rrj"rs .~ l ~•• !
bCif:, D~W

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-- $11 •~'? -'/1;,.3,1

I "J> ... ~S .10/1 , •.~1 , 2/]
1/1 7/1 i'lo; .. 31 .32 0

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),fdlt!l<l "r ri..ulll!. Iti. 111I1It/., t Micflll1lo" (cu, p,\W'.-2 1llc.di6es
0;:11 ..'11 1W<<i

~I l~ j/l S ,l~ ~/1S. 34 .i '15 •• J~ 'I'" Jc> JI ~. .9 '! t;, 3 a '/1 • ~s IU )] J/l5. ,J\'I 1/15 Jr. 'II . ,J1l ,1<''''), ,.1.3 1 •• 41. • .. " .1 I .. l2 'J!I~ .. lO , •• 9/1 .•. l2
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P. bol,. ,hlllig" lunlf. '111· .•. I' '''~~Qulll 1"~llijlCl< ; ....·2.. • ... , •• , Pll"l"~talt"l<' tf'1!hlllr~1 h,J1II,-,tin •• l·hl1wW1-nnby Jllutfc. r;lmSI'f! !'hl''"t~1 linl' ", tn,lu' I'll", 11ulUlij I.,~k ",h~I •. I'H'lL t'J A~I aU ~eA1llt P."'C!h • I'NtDI "il~r (,\r I",lln",. I·t@" j;u:J; ,1"lb· .•. ,. I If'o" lA~\; '1, •• ,0{. I\'~,·.I "'<trl< I')"n~ ,n!)lI~1 "iIi. ,,~h"U'''' 11~',I} P'lrull,i_ bt"'td A.<!I. lin. "''',''
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;o.~4rl ....... 110,11111 rDt l'ln·. .•• •• ~t'cl>1Il!'I1l. aiTll1'nH.,.. ' .•.. _. • ~"_1f·_·t1hl' ~eU~ ....... . 51 tju.n<lf: llt,unt di.;(:, ".,. .. "';"""'QI' pl.tfo""" il1- ." ... k )it!! w.1I telt I ~ c'renll.< • 10lh .. II. <;(!wl~\t Illi<l'l:Utl~n p1~~. '.' • . .. • • •. 11 j ., "l 5-abt,bt!ldet .J.'eloJl('d, 1IJ1J5.. JH
:'oeY.taII1Jo, inaullurat .. "",ch"ngr »lom for. '.xtl\Jitr.. tl~t.c on av .... !!llU!. •• "'" M Sbook lft"llls Dilly "fretn:"" ••.... ,.. • "hoI' ~1nN: liAr. " ..... plnm:. • .... " SIMlI'-Ili I, Jlu! ~" IlIwm ... "",.... hO'\8wn. "",," "~1It 1"'1 UTt 5/1 5(1

~ata •.•. ,. .••• ~t_)' bcll used by V('d 9.. .. • ..... '.ift-Iy c;Qch ""'~ill~ OlCl;i<lcnh.. •• <;ai~l; h.ttlelf~ lmp;u9ejl. ' , ,... S:l.fcly 1. leMUrt- g{ jill.......... Safety "'.!nJhd~r ~ .rivett........... III pipe m.itl.«d.. , .. .. .. ~""tQoa .1!t'1Qr 110m- :rtan cl •• • .. • S;ov" "11~ ~torln.g tram" •..... ,.' ~aD in tI:> 1,,,,,* ian,. ~'112 Il",;m(!rtlm"" ",,~eett Il'QI~<l't!l q,\"jenl.!! , •• ,

S.td;

lid I, bc.h flaLhine ••

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1._.. •..... , •.

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8/15 •. 2'!I 'l(TS .. 1'I 111" J I

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9/

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f, ;~

~lilling linurlt. make It".. . ~ I .. !9 .Mi ...·llt """.t. fmn' O"-r... .... ". 1'1 •• J~ Mk- 1-8 "'liht. urn. _ \lIt" 10l;~.. ' II 'S 35 !I 1 .. Gntna:ru:~ !rain~ts. ..1 ,. $11 S .34 M""k-'IlJ' ... ......r I<L-l.b injl- iIhi .• 1111 •• 31 locJc'UiJIt wl«<1 f{ll' ~ound.... • .... ~ (I .. 32 Model Jrl~~ ,,~ 1" diIl"""" , • . il 2$ Modd ",dec 3lar tind<>r ~ .... d ... '1115 .H M08~J Jbo\o',' .. ;'!linr'. IIntll:iJ'Il' .• • .. 1 J 'I .• J~

1~/1~, ,31' 1;;!/1 .~Q

ll/1 ,. J8

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PrQjecr.ign ~ fer <i<I¥jlgb~ moYie.o•• /1S ~~f,ln I>i:;ld, d<vi .... U1 P tIC!ll~,. :tiJgnmcn!. t~'11"'""""" ,. "(l l!l'fIn!illl!;r urt !RVt:l< tlm~ Sll!

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.. .. I,';, • J~

~a'

5tH .J9 lDII~,.J.II •••• ., tifl .JO .. 11/1 "I; 7IlS"J'l_ ,.,' 3.(15 3" SNJ ~lIjull" iJ;l1l jil! [0 T«v"'.-k ••••. , •. 11!1t • 41, ~ J '.. 'nmIIQ)'i",.till wt1_ii< an~",;'j, ~n JI R Sllo'll' To;ma val , .all .uul god alij [U,.. n (I ,.), lillllbb .. r "'tQ~ 1.1).. ",,,b1>I~, _ • _. • •• , .•• tOil .4. !;NV'. (••• tl> -11 "nrget 8/15. , S~~k.l Olin, !II ,..,Io<:/Valof .tr.t'lIor,., •• 12/. .~g

hi'"

it".

"'.lI!f,nl'.....

..'.

... l5 .39

P i'1It1~I"t doUy. 'lltld:l&bt"

, • I Qll

,,:l1! .. Z$ • iii<'

""It. ,,11.1. <n dll1le... • IV! .. ~I i')ortiUIl: b"" 1IP."dl!: w.of!,: ••• , , '. 5/tS,. 32 ° YOll """'t to .iuk-'a'Sllb~ •• , '/15 .JJ Spark plUg' llu.binl!1I. 1001 dl'j~IIJ;, ••••• 12/i • 3S Ji tU'kpIuti IPlJPIUg_ mIIdthl~ .... 2/lS, ,H
Fiol't

~.",ke.t

wf,,"ch.

10(11

hol'is

..

5/15 .. 29

46

JAN. I TO
l:iOBJEC'f
51""',.{ ~lh'1.!lI::Il

arc,

15

IN'tLUHVE
ISSUE PAGE
• ••• 2f IS _. Jr.
L

INDEX 1944
SUBJl::CT lSSlir. PACE
TI!<,I mOl"! rl .. &.- •• ~ ••••• ,' !VU-~29 ~r.".t .... '11"."'''' a.1 i~ ..... ith ~, ••..• , .II!' .• lQ "l'Mls r~~r It"ar ",,.1 ill., , 1<111 .. n 1'01)1 lo j>er(I, ..nte -fl:rr""" .'. ,,10(15. ..• l_ T.o.rlltd<> oli ... "t"r. "'0""1«.1 "II 1,laHe." . /U I •• iI~ 'l'O'l>ei:l.",. t\ll'~od in 'lI h,,~.y. _. , •• , • ,. M I; .• J>! T""lII;"1! "",.k. pia,,, "id~ , •• ,.,.. • .9/1 - .11, ~·uw T~I""ll!' IOn :":NJ •••..• , .• ' 511 .• JZ T ..~.~ I'I~j~"T hdp~ '{I ~;\L~nt.~... •. I J /'1 ~ 14 "I' rtldirL~ fl Qt~ I!~J 011 n!i0 w(, I,'il., .... " '.J!/I • 40 'l',;liJ", flIT d"",.g-ed aL'l'll'L'",ft ••• _•• , • '. 111, . J4, T~lI.~ 'Ij_lee<l. paint- Ill!>.". • •. ~. til .:!'1 l't ..itl~r f".... ISTu ~y;!,¥. .., 1u/'l~ ~!! 1·-,.;iu1Ij~ .\~I.t ituP_IO ... MI • M 'l'rfm I\ru. wo. ...itl; en l!~.. ..I ~ J-I ( Tropic~1 ,,),<1hDU •• > •• <, •...•.••.. , U I .• 12.

dl:>ing more br",kc~ -in one day ,linn Lh" Dnli_((>1'. The latter bean- up lind <;ilD ItIOf be used eootinuotu!y. Thj, l1!ochin e .~

d'¥·L~". ______
dC!ln.m~;:I"J'"

~~"<l'1ll d.vic.... ,",mound.
Sl"";~l d'vJe~ •• "~'~ •• O'... Sp... gJ tI~'ri~q, ,~e",-UH "

S!..-.:Iaij >WlIJ l!QoC. Ikr:bo"

S,,""~
S'J'AC

.!iJ'~'"

Stllr fi,,~.r ,.."t. ,.r"dJl,....... . lOIl •. 40 ~1Ir1"r ~r 1. ,r.... clol!<"i,.... ., ~/j • 3b ::;'010_"'1 .11.,,1., ."m,,~ 'Y~_ O'.. ,II/I' ... ~I SmUt", ,,~.a .. I""lf~ id_ea..•.. - .•. , .. , 6/1> .. 10 ~1:i.1~r ~1,l1.r to ruMifie4.... ••• _. J Ii L. 33 St<~J .. tarQI J/~ .• Stildm," f",..tI iI, lJ~ndl""""" ,.' alt ~_JI StCJ.h~ lllmctltrn ~.~r- ~l.IiI. ~ 1-, .... ~lO/1 ~,31

Srtmll. d u,,1 purpo

Stoj"r.:... I"d ~kpla .. e." .. ~ .... , . 1/1 _ jn Stomp ~I.h £Qfea~t , ••.••• • , •• <j;l\ •• ,.a'9
, _, HI) 1 .. lit

IIfOUU", """'''DI. ••...•. __ _ Z/l S ..• J'Q . pu.i! red ~oemlIlJ".. • •••..• Jh5 .J!! ,",O\fl'" •• n toll ~d p~nt. ••. ,lOll} •. J~

. ••• .••.••.••.

• .••.•...

• ~.~"

an:; _"l?~
7/15

S1/J..)J..JJP

11/15 •• ~;l .• 111 .• il!>

Tool b..tn i.!j&l' b"u, .,1 '''''''IJ:t.~... "I~ll .b ToO! b'Jltlo, ,..,drd ''''r~lIol1 .... _.. ..• S/I; •• ~l1 ~1'oot iQlbJI~ pl.n S """"J' 411("'111' ...... nil .. 3~

SBC-.J4, SB-2Gl-lC-J. ffm. SBD, saw. SBN. ssw, PBM. P2v .. , j PBY.l.2-3-4-S-5B', PBJY.!.2-).JR. PB4Y.
P.3A.

be gl>od for ~D}' ~lUld~r .nadj'eby Hayes IlIdlUcdes

tu'lte br:ak"
and ~
01'1

Bf-},

,1-2,

JRM, J2F, HF,. SOC; SON" and IRF.

r."'~"..,

luA~f
Bureau

to 'Cuf "edr,'caJ
o.f
AerGuul.Hies

Paris

»-

"""10\"!

"'hI............
wi",

.... ,.
'''" •.

J'

_,~.I.

a,Dd Al'iaL1(!1l SuippJy Office hav:e worked tog~ther foc HU;ila~t si~ months fa eliminate dllp1icare, mfen:or. and .!Iofl-standard e.~Wp. _ _ men! [-110m Class 11 !iltack. Hems aiterned are tl.kcraft electl'l<mJ parts. suohn! cirellil bveakel'6. clips, damps. conduil filllilgs, C<QIlUlltltor plugs and reeeptaeles. fuses -arrd Jlolders. insolating mat~ia-'8

iii

Sturn' ,ubI .... ';tt>v.mll" for ciu\, !il ra ddle cr""t

5lt>W$p ot I!u~ d,.J\,."'.,, ..
u..,JIII ....

.11«1.... I.,.dfni' ,..

._"

Sm.lllblmiq cb.<ri,p o,f'Qidt killb."

It!. .. to 6/f5 •. 1!J ' sl! .. Jl ,,1211 .. ~n

All

•• 39

Tube ~'lJIJng ,,,,,1 d,,"igned. ' .......

Tll!!., "",ils T"n<.t. 100,. to 'f'wo;i.Q"" "~.

~.""<T1'."..
J eyion!>
1-1;'\lliu_J "'e,

Turr ..to.. lIW1'1I. dL~"~..

..

.. ..

".1"

Slt01.m'''1 ~fl~l. VC-9li 'Ilnopli~""" ., II ~j .•l~ Stud at~lOr OJ!«<I!o Oi1<' utlo , ..•• j 2J lS .. 38 Stud. f. tenod 10 bcl"",\.~ " 1011 .. J!! !iubmiU'i~c. 00 Y<lU wanl 10 lmle I •••.• ' '5 •• Summar le,,~. l1ieL"Ll ~I , • ,.". t~ 3115 .• 3,~ Sal'J!<Irt I'ml I!L!lU ~ o!l~ked.. .1:-l1J .. 42 SumlLl!i: H•.ht I, limilelil .. - - - - - - .. -, .10'11$ ~I S,;,~\tc ~J IS J()

"I

n

01lit

.p..,cl.

u
1'1",,,, .. corti. __

.t::n1t i5Jil1f\l~c~po ,,¥,I:Ir IU'..... .. '

,""".e<'7 .. _

,

T chi" m-c(• .I'n>'lh dO',;I:I' 111 [S J~' t'~:11 ) .. .,k, Ih,A... 1IOW Nlldy ••• _ , __ • _ U IS _ • J~ T.l'l ... bed dlillr ,o~ T!1F~l'l " 1(15 ... 13 T, II "~"'1 jr)l'. (I~..,... new...... • ~11 .. ,15 l'11nk 11,11It Ii. M, OO~, ~ ~~ ,." 15. g, ""101';'1'11 Jig aid. drHlin~_ _ 5,1_5 • '''' t.rKO! I"J.~" lII"nr". •..• ' ~ ...., • .6IlS,. Ii' 'I;~rlltt IOooli"t: ~~Ii!lnt·... • ... ,. :!'/I .. Jl! lui l.... ..... ilb 'Milrl.. "bl 1/1 .• 30 Til 17.1' •• toil wli<:"li'r Mllr for I f Ii..13
'l'&I!II[nl 'h~ ,A R'if"I .. " _. Till' p~nd> 00 .. , ,de.clCij><d. .

r.. 1 IIor.

"'~"'I,,m 11'1l" Ill{\l! Vi!CIlUI11luLe ~flV~f i8 " <:flo'Wl. , VJlI~~ ad}U'Ie;d ,",'lIb p1~1..... . \'C.)9 I!",," rLC'W lYl>< '!j,;1t. •••••.•• _.. Ii'T-1'l4 8;'~.I'H'r,,,,, ~! rnmhlg ltil'll'''t. _ .• " .11 !I _.J~ \10·1 10(>1. 1"I.u~blJ~" lot _ 211 .)1 V'itt 'Sl'lp jn.",,' .bold mel~1 1l~' rll I I it i itJ

1,,,K!lll'.d....

Results from this pl'_ograro. now a'boul 70ii QIJ[!lplete. indicate. tbat between 60 find 70li of the 1l1l0Vll It~$ new can:ied OR stock records no longer need be. pro. eared in the fu to re, As tll ese itJflU'lS are1/1, •.39 used up from CUJUfent- stocks "ma1nteHl ,J8 [lance: standard" wi,ll be sub!iitituted. lu mo~1 cases these substitutions oa.tI J115 J9 be made with 110' clrnnge;o; whahlVCI' in. I~Ir 41. IlUHJD 01' , l!'I f 11stall:l 110 n in the 'aircmft. 911~ .i~ I (I ., 2~ In a few cases, however. relatively !Jim~
1/1':; S. I ill <)11 .$;1 • 36 .SO _U

·J115.. 31

lumps and lights, r!!sistors lind rhe.fl ~hlt\S:, sWili::b.es, termioals and tl)ow;.

~}lc chi~nge.'l in ma~iilg
lUg, \YJIJ

W
W;otdl ~1l~'O~ ,tI<""~r'vatlu,, . •. , \\:" <er .Iotl. LIDo> • • \1(,ste, M~IL "av"" ""it.,.,..(I.. , .,' I,~~"'lt. ;n)""ti"" i,o ~.rinl . • • . . ••

elm".

II"''''~

TI'"I nod

DVO'

ttoubl~."..

111 .. 3~ ~Il S .. 311 ill' :l~

11T"Wilier .,....,. rlbo......... .. ... I (I II ..41 TIll' IT!'Air •• ,joek pod fa!l-iII!>tI.... .••• t.U I H '1'01)1 ~ ill.. l'lI~b,,, tn.n.ru work." ' .. , 12115 .4 t Tool (inJW. (II(I tall Ul...... .,.,. .• 4/1 Sc .3J Tool dri.eo opvl: plUlF bUlb",," •••••• 12/1 . JE Tool A~g,~. ~'h... 1 ",or..,!... 9/1 $ .l9

~",in."", tool '... v ... Ifm~_ •••• _.", .1;!/15 .. _ >1'5 "Mmecl!o-'l nr bclt'l l"Ad".." •••.•• ,. .• • 7/1 S .. .:!~

Th",~ nitenill Iii tJrl'Ql!le."iI~H .....

T fittmK • """"a' .tnl.""h u;1 ...... " .11 1I!i J4 TIlru-A·2; l'~" "").",,,.{Ifiel ... •• , , • <I, 15• ,.J I

"

~/15 ... 39

g/l-5 WatUf>tLluf .bMt •.•• ,. • ••••.. ,. at!,; ,~ W'oth.r, ch.o.kin, ~h= ~. ," ill •• J_~ \V01l'Ihll" 1I10lP, th"".-di"''''''.;,,''lIJ., " .in •. 40 \V..tdJl'!1l' wQrk, ne.w .. iii fur . "., ., .~/15 •. J,;: IV KP i-s <.nR:i1:! ~<'!r"" .. lill.. .",.".. 71r II \\,llC~'1 Ja_c~ i.ou~pll.d.... ._." '/1..;>-] Wi M f,:'<l6~,,- !I~IJU '''('OWo.",. W.'l!~. ". \.II ( JJ \\ ,!\~ ,<l1<linl:, il~IJ, P '",,"'tit, . ,6/ Ii . \\r j" Il" 1I!(l1"llr¢ :2 t _ jl) WlnlN :ft1,!ht I1lask .U ~"rm.ln . ~J!.M> W-",,,, ~"'" l~a,le d"',,!,ly •• • _", n- J ,J::' \\" .. " " .rr"-!PJl h(i\t'I<!ofail •• .>' . 7115 •• 29 Wl""'"~ fa, 1,lIml's, DM:20: de~elo~."." )2/1 .: ~'S """",d, fw- !!'UnfrnrroJ........... ... 1Yl _.:10 m'lk". ""t ,,,"'0.,,,,,1"~'Y ,. 12/1 .-4'3 W .... "~ll n,~Ji~J 1,<> f,t orwnf"""" 1211 j! \V ~""I, ,,~.. ! (In .~ Ihlll~ drill ~ ~ I 'I IS-. .10:

10, 1< ,J i I0 II . I 6! IS • J 6

a

.2'

prec{Illtion i.~ tieing tA_ken to. contlll1le to supply items f.o lneet all maInte.nanee requirements Mllloul nnilll(' changes in- ~til]g in.stallat:iono;, As lhl$e pro~s I"Or vatiou,$ typt'~ of items: Me e$rnblish d. circular letters

he 1·,e(J~ured. FlowJvtlf. every

pa~1'1:N inmoulJ;l:or

.n&.......... ..

.

J. wm

by Avill.tion ,sUI)pl), aD supply acl:h'itioo {lS to n:ulIDterumce standard items which he supplied on Fumr!) prll/cul'e· ~en til. Tbe AS_O catalog <j.l~ois b ?iJ1g reVIsed to show stll"lldnrd ileITIs III bold face type ••nd i(lem:; eliminated in _Ught
flT~

bcingisilIueC1

Office, directing

W"""""

pqrfo$

f.....

Teohnical aspects af these pingr!mls <H~e being wvered hy W'1::i~es I,l,ppClll~ nal,!ug Croup. Arucies already printed tbe Noto.v cover sl,nndardiz:ation of terrninflls and tQoL!;. cOnduits tll'Id Ht ojngs. ~ulcl lilD1ps. It ,i~ llxpli!ctedtha.t within IJte nest .1 ix 111(J}llhs virtually all ai'rbQme elecllic.o.l

wm

le

Cut

'rom

5,000 fo 1.IDo.

y
hmk
\ L!U,

llrro~,r

",,..,0;.1<:

""Il¥

''lV<

b v.,._~

~~ I ltJS •• J,I

~g In AIrcraft Electl'iooJ Main hm1l:ll.c'e Notes published hy Aj;rbame CoonH,

_______

",15 .. W

, ill

l.'1ipllmled hro'ke pads. Interchilllgel(hl~ b~nring bJOQ~ and. ~he rndim adjusting 1C!'IflW make It l'Xlislble 10 dless. "U types
uf plItt!)l .aIrcraft nmin
[D£",-"LIJ!
IT

Sanding' MachIne Cds I:rake lond F.unwlNG Two - The headqLlarters ,qu:aiUsn b'u devf&eO <I pOFlahle-type mmlli1g maohiue fnr. GutLh)g dt)WD 'oeuchin1t gellr bnlke halla~thrtt 'have I!'XI)nttdct1 owing to overhealing. The tnOllnting nttaohmeJlts make it pOi5rbJe (1'1 n:mflVC a smooth eVeuelJl ftnm the

8ull'1_lin No. 7~ 16 db the s"me wo~k. Fo~ a hOJ11Il·maci.c arrangement thiS- m:(luld btl a &0:1" d '>1"ebin e an d might IIe o;;ap,.ble 6£

hy tJl uhove !'ul1licgtiQlls. As presenl slo. 1.:; III u(Ju-sl\Jtlcktrd items are llS~d up. lIlI" []j_unLer 0E uh·bome eledrieal ile:t::ru· III be stocketl will be redUcE'd fl'l'Im nbCll\t 5,000 [tarts to about 1.800. SUPfl1! om~e cnl::Llog, Ele(1'ldcaJ Mall1tt'nanee Notes, and the "so CIrcular .LeItErs so they will Iequisiti.llu onlv parts availab!ec~nslJIt
AVIa.L!OIl AI"cl'Qft

Hems

ill

CllUS 17 will' be: coven,d

Ins fhei1JfrHe dll'sirdble <Lud Ilcce·ssnl'Y tllltt S_lllJply a~l(.l maill'lennnce personnel

RJ

eo....Mr.T.

gli'lll'

hHlld~.

AlIll,!Jel

~Bude, C.... m"'''T!t-Bu~Cl''bn ~u3 .... 'ted tll.e brake Doktor in PA,,"Y-I Ahplanl'l.

47

LETTERS
Sms' flilUlUJ pictW'e lI!. the Pix Quizuu [lage. 39 of the NnYeluber 1 issue of NA.

_

_

_

,{o/CON;T &;·,,':J5&
lhe'htlipplus Grampaw "ettlhne Old VOll Knowi' 151o!!d Fighter St,lpl Shore Sfatrons .• LOllding Signal Olli,cer!l
C(lri'iel' FIIIE! Fighters, .' CombCll Mo.yMake You L.o:ty iechnlco:lly Speaking _ 1

The:

Nj;:Wll

the ~,!{te. £rom whlcJl the pl~otograph ~s taken makes it ap,plNU' thal the rilane' I~ lldllpl1ll' rings to 11 h)!drllubc jll.ok slm.plrbnnh:d ~lighdy w· the Jight IH east, If .lied operntlbn ih rerntwing liees l'IIiU1UU! Ih~ were ~O. lhgre w"Hi1~l' be.'a L:Qmp~ss damage. The four adllptor 1'ingll ar~ gauge:(! t:rrot:. out from the da.ta ~W!!ll. It would be to iiI aft}' me t1re<~ Impos.uble W swLIl whut ~ltl. compa~ VMTEI·I·14 COIDt""'W!,~C OnrlOElI lli'OuW Inl:licIIte. Th.!l CtmlpllS$ IndlO;W.tWlI. Ul Marine Fleet Air Wesl Co~,til lit! e!l,9ll$ly turn wnuld ii{um be "l~ 14,'lSt" OF 3ctilwlly wert depfIDdiug OD. the Iollov... · -*Tn feg,i1~d to t"'e p11 i'l tQEI'Ill. ph 011 ~Ie rea) COver of the .'1ov,ember 15, 1944 Issue of N,\<VM.. AVJ:A'TI!>N NEws, would you be '0 ctu'ti6tP"
SIBS:

The 9.uestiofl ""Wltat will the namplIsl; lnch'rlate?" appaPelltly refers to the ~or~j. eily mming error as, unless LlH~ dtWmtlcfl MId local va:rlu.tian W9 S g1\'~rt:, th e a dual indication of J:1le oompass Clm't he gUessl:d 1I~. With this. assumption) GIld nssuming th at the plane ls 11 ll.ilTl ot ked, ailFWer numb'er 3, Le, "DO ·WTO'· iii oorreal, , However, the .ilh,lS'tr3l;ion is misleadjl',gi

shows a Coramr oItmbing on h.,.d1n g. .

It mu'UI

fSL!i putsll:l1I[ to these: regulations '4,e amhoriztld to reta:in. pemtanentJy and to ~ar suc~h qullliIieaticln badges:u parac:hulists. as may he presoribed by the SoaH~bu'Yol the Navy .... ~
5Jru:

n
S 1t
2.1 29 30 31

8

Tb C' tire clilln~et Illustrs ted on page 4 1, Octobffl' J Issue. DCNil VAl. A\!l.U'lOJIl N:&ws, hag been sucqesiJully .adQP~d by this squadron. 'rhe l'b2J'lger is. nving Hme, mat¢nJ tond labur. Otiginally, trotlblt- was eo L'II11!1terw:1 in breal:ln.g: i..be C3..~mgo!l the tire (l~ the web of t!fe, I;vhlltl. AUalJhmElnr (If

It's I"d~

0

LifeVesl

• •

. •

•.

Pull. 1i"~S. HJ f1~gjll SofQI,/l., PhQ. t!!i'II]!fi~ 10; ~g'~~n N!l"Wi ;On~· n ito"l, 34: '[okyo Talks 20, 11,.101'011 O«l"onoo 19,. 11.;,,,111"" Ih.llctln,

n,,~

of Itll4

35 413

.0.

• ~IX QUIZ (p. 181 1'.4 2.% 1.3 4,4 5.1 6.1

kind ali to fdenfi{y the for I'I!Htery gave a.fter

JIlP
VAin

plan!.! "headed a ttaelr: 0 Il IiJ.S.

'P11l(:!~ itfls Japnn.ese. Could II plJsflibly b,:. an FM.:2, \v.lr(lca~P
NM'J

Although 1 have had con5Jtiet.>lhle tr~in~ fllg :in r,ecojDllion 1: don't seem able I\J
eleuv.iew S:EA.M.A:II, e 1

I. US· 2. 12S' ). 1'24' 4. an

s,

6.3Ql, • 99'12

4" "W'N 55" 27' W
II
3

54' S'I1/J' W 9. 302112." 10. 70 II

7.14171/2 S'. 47""DT

N

II. 281'/iJ 12. 292'1~' U. 1·(19 It
",!lei ,0'

ITn,'o<aneu 01 ].,,~

g,~« 'fi,m,

:z.

on,;. ""Ii rnml~,;,.;d ~err.<t)

II, 3 de,s ••
at

partleular

Ing faetl'lru amount blln.k,. ti,me In tnm, IlI.titude. lind chOUllctenstics Ilr

or

(lOmplnvi.

'.11

8ES,T ANSWE'1tS Z.CI 3.d
(i,n

Ip. 4.<1
colo~),

111 5.0
Ova IIqblo

Washington. D.e. BtI~Gatt 1)/ AeronalJli..,.~ IT NANEWS agri'feS pic(w;e Jllay miSlell.l:l
Srns: -....A;;_.

Lor, (}c:)

D~I"il"d I".fo'mlliion <In I'land' ,and G'·.O. "f lit<! Po:cflll If, (!lnJJlI nod I... ,"' .!!rlu: 01

lIulhl.'lriZ~u NAV)' Wings wet!! FOOlurtld.. It is ,requ.es\ed thut iuformatioo ,parta:lldng to qU!lli~ecl Marine:parll-chunsl "Vings :and the wearing be cln.l'ified.
Sir!!.:!:'the EaMnultil'les .lIave h~tlll disblWded, ",,!IllY of the pmlt'n'laci8t ml~t~~who served with !he paralllll.rines were rerume~ ~ ~lj,w11 tIC tMlle!\. \Vh1le $ervlng wUbt:lle Fleet M;u:i.nii F(lrfe. !fill wll'ltrm; of i.h.@; sih'et pamchu!is-t _wil1gs w~ [tuth- , rized, Is it so .... ilh nll.lJal ueljqj,tiesr l

In the

OctOber

I issue oI, NAN~.

1[ Doomed Jap l<i1asa hwin-engme b0mb. er, prtlbllbly a FralJeE!s, Il3 close study
of


tilll

~"IO"an A 1m UbI" "0$. Ad, for ,1i..1J1un {II Wor StIr/os, ~N.-TSU ", th'ough t:

101k Inll ol;!!" IH~

.'G-:RAMPAW'S qUIz J'. :Plan~ 'hatho!; enee ;CAA
left

Ip, 101
011

sbueture the

?""iIl
~

in'ciicatc, 15, 1944 iSsue of

.~as the

·lI.e,ss 6,0,34,ol.

the a'rhar right of "I'(]¥.

ib Reier.

Sms'
C

in'

2. TowoM .heinside

No"'embe,r

NAVAL

ual, Art. D·5'831.

\1 Attention is dil'ect(ln

ttl

Pli~U~, t"~ •• BuP~.~ .. i.n-

As 1I1lted L!S:'bbbeen all in vain! :plIl"Rgroph live of this referenc!. ". , . NPFS Olu\[!cl flilU hYlATIUN CA~ET. us,,? officers. warrant office!s, illld6U lil.~ted 'fr hbth~eJ'ts 5'0/ that 1.7 weha:' lS Olen of the Navy and j\b.riite 'C?l'P~ correct. Could A.vCcM) have been 'l1linkLng af the dlagonal in a I"inch:rqtUJrer who have been desiymtecl as paraabut-

In quesl'loJ'J () 1 ll:nd thll,l SOJlllOOD{,· (I1o dO\Jbt milch mo'fC inwUig~nl (ha,~ myself) deeides that "the _. lellt,oth of U~e in 11 l-irneh euhe· is 'about 1.7 wc.hes, Per~dnally, locuM never doubt' tJle 1mswers on pllge ,W-fl< h35 my educatten

b!!v<;:;a

,AV1A'no.N

'q_ ui1;

Nt;:ws 011 paSt' 14. yt1U cntitletl· 'M 31th MiniatureS."

Oll the outSide of the spin, ReI'Qr':!Uee: I>0·ge 90., ,P"rtl~Jt<lfe ~Me. 0150 Cho:pfe;r 6, '"/oehl/le MOII~(lf.

ot ihe ipin; 1\0 ayah:l .the 111.11 ~"rfQ.ce~ whichw.illlre

dfuif.W

], Yes; so they con dellt the fi~ld an~ be ready to render 'On¥ as!;!s.· tOil eel neCl!liS'Dtl'. Refe,ocn!tl! : com-mon sense. (You'd be sYfJ!rised how f,eqY~"'tlytlr.is is negled1ed-oJten 'lfit,h '~ril.}"s res U tho.)
4 . .Allpro~ir:l'!.olirll)' 2,,4:01) It. Ref,erCllce· Fig. 1 of TN 72-44.

S. UII to lhme' IIl11esCls rn II cia a 111· tuelil. dUI! to I!dra speed buHt When ili~ing flaps are. ~ot lIill'if (type plane' inyolved ond .len9th of if i'<e tlHed$ 1'11;5 spu dJ. Rcf:e(enc." -Fig. I of TN 12.44. IIsin!l speed~ which would be obtained wIffi lind

uv

wIthout

Ilops.

48

NAVAL AIR IN ACTION
A ERIAL
Q"d
S_!lO

island 'tentacles'

attacks on Jap by American task
Ka7:ah

farces chop chain of suppJy to (;olT'lbot creas further fa south. Raids hit and RyukYIJ
6nioroing

isl.ond bdses +oslcsh planes and troops

re-

headed

for Jap

installations

in the Philip~ines

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