shyama it is a very big andcontroversil asubject unfortunately i am very busy with some other work anyway to mak ea brief

statement vishwamitra i sth eson of khadi and khadi's father prayed that he must get a son equivalent in power like indira and indira decided it would be better that he himself be born to khadi's father's request than allow any competitor so khadi i snothing but th erebirth of indira and khadi' s son is viswamithra he was a born rebel and his other name was koushik and it was rather symbolically and conceptually the other facet of vishwamithra which was named as koushik. vishwa mithra had only 100 adopted children so kousik was not a son of viswamithra

viswamithra was from the beginning opposed to vashista and hence rebelled against anything that vaishta did or said his rebellious attitude was not even tolerated or tolerable to many of his sons who left him and went far away it i seven hunched with some vague vindications that the jews and some of the plaestineans europeans especially those near the norh pole are descendant sof viswamithra
so vishwamithra nad koushilk were the same persons his rebellious attitude made him a black sheep among teh otherwise conservative lot so not only his sons even many of his disciples he wantoly sendthem to faraway shores to leran other form s of knwoledge andapproaches to life practised elsewhere thatswhy a scholar has made a study where by he ha sconcluded that great many number of people belongingto both koushik and vishwamitra gothra shine well in forein languages, forein lands,in tharukam i.e argument and are better at questioning all existing and established rules and traditions rather than when they opearate as passivefollwers what is important i spravarams ogf thegothra that i scombination of more than on erishi in thelineage of thegothra so in many case it i sth ecombined caracteristics that hav eevolved from a lineage of more than one sage /rishi that forms agothra to accomodate the multiple and variant chracteristicsthat manifest genetically in descendents of different generations here i sa list of pravaras in details to be continued SOME GOTHRAS WITH THEIR PRAVARAS :BHRUGU :- 20 Jamathagni gothra : Bhargava , shyaavana, aapnavaana , thrayarsheya pravaraanvitha … ... Japaali gothra : bhargava , vaithahavya , raivasa thraarsheya pravaraanvitha… Jaamathagnya gothra : bhargava , owrva , jaamathagnya , thryaarsheya pravaraanvitha … Jaimini gothra : bhargava , vaithahavya , raivasa thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha … Powlasthya gothra : bhargava , owrva , jaamathagnya , thryaarsheya pravaraanvitha … Maandookeya : bhargava , owrva , jaamathagnya , thryaarsheya pravaraanvitha … Mowna Bhargava gothra : bhargava , vaithahavya, saavethasa , thrayarsheya pravaraanvitha … Vaathoola gothra : bhargava , vaithahavya , saavethasa , thrayarsheya pravaraanvitha …. Srivathsa gothra : bhargava , shyaavana , aapnavaana , owrva , jaamaqthagnya , pancharsheya pravaraanvitha… Kaarthsamatha(kruthasmatha) gothra : bhargava , kaarthsamatha, dhvayaarsheya pravaranvitha.. Sunaka gothra : bhargava , kaarthsamatha, dhvayaarsheya pravaranvitha… Yagnapathi gothra : bhargava , kaarthsamatha, dhvayaarsheya pravaranvitha Avata gothra : bhargava , owrva , jaamathgnaya thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha … Aarshtishena gothra : bhargava , Aarshtishena , aanoopa thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha …. Aasvalaayana gothra : bhargava , vaathyasva , dhaivodaasa thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha …. Kashyapi gothra : bhargava , vaithahavya , saavethasa , thrayarsheya pravaraanvitha …. Kaathyaayana gothra : bhargava , Aarshtishena , aanoopa thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha …. Kaarkya gothra : bhargava , vaithahavya , raivasa , thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha … Kruthsamatha (kaarthsamatha ) gothra : bhargava , sowna hothra , kaarthsamatha , thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha …. Nairruthi gothra : bhargava , Aarshtishena , aanoopa thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha …. AANGEERASA :-

powrukuthsa . OWTHATHYA . powrukuthsa . usually in hermiatge premises or AASHRAMAs. gowthama . gowriveetha . mowdhgalya . JAMADAGNI. all religions prohibit marriage between brother and sister because of same reasons. A GOTRA is a cattle rearing group. perhaps for genetic reasons. they excelled in different fields of knowledge and maintained their 'specialization'. bhaaradvaaja . kowthsa . Gotra of wife and cows she carried with her would change to Gotra of the husband. garka (gaarkya ) thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha… Kuthsa gothra : aangeerasa . AAMA HAAYYA . marriage between a pair of same GOTRA was BANNED. GOWTHAMA THRAYAARSHEYA PRAVARAANVITHA … KABYAANGEERASA GOTHRA : AANGEERASA . thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha… Bhaaradhwaaja gothra : aangeerasa . yowvanaasava . thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha… Sankruthi gothra : saadhya . thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha… Aapasthamba gothra : aangeerasa . thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha… Haritha gothra : aangeerasa . which came to symbolize the respective GOTRA. gaanva . GOTRA became a genetic inheritance of cows and knowledge. Due to scarcity of pasture or climatic abnormalities. thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha… Aayaasya gothra : aangeerasa . parmyasva. seeing the fraternity among same Gotra. aasathasya. thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha… Garka gothra : aangeerasa . BHARADWAJA. gowthama . thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha… Moudhgalya gothra : aangeerasa . thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha… Kowntinya gothra : aangeerasa . thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha… Baadharaayana gothra : aangeerasa . of course named after their leader. powrukuthsa . For example. chaithya . blood relatives and were much similar in activities and culture or customs. whether they knew about DNA or not. Brahmin families follow the same rule of marrying from other Gotras. mowdhgalya . So. the same group had parents. baarhaspathya . Thus. VISHWAMITRA. thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha… “ “ : aangeerasa . bharhaspathya . thaasathasya . bhaardhwaaja . sainaya . Naturally. obviously a sage. kowriveetha . . thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha… Kuthsa gothra : aangeerasa . vaisvaamithra . vairoopa . baarhaspathya . thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha… Lohitha gothra : aangeerasa . thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha… Shadamarshana gothra : aangeerasa . kaarkya . ATRI. So even now. GOUTAMA and so on. lohitha thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha… JAYA JAYA SANKARA . ambareesha . since dairy products were much useful for YAJNA or fire sacrifice. owrukshayasa . aayasya . ambareesha . In simple meaning. thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha… Ganva gothra : aangeerasa . thaasathasya . thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha… Kapila gothra : aangeerasa . thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha… Vishnuvruttha gothra : aangeerasa . HARA HARA SANKARA ! unfortunately shyma no one has stuidiedin depth thepravarams GOTHRAM is derived from noun GO + rootverb TRA of Sanskrit which means -> Cow + Protect. thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha… Sankruthi gothra : aangeerasa . THRAYAARSHEYA PRAVARAANVITHA … KAARKKEYA GOTHARA : aangeerasa . brothers. identified with the head of the group. aamaheeva. powrukuthsa . sisters. the first known GOTRA. KASHYAPA gotra. saangkruthya . a sage. baarhaspathya . panchaarsheya pravaraanvitha …. saangkruthya . Of course. Since they were Vedic groups. Gowthama gothra : aangeerasa .UTHA(SA)THYA GOTHRA : AANGEERASA . aayaasya . split into VASISHTHA. kaarkya . THRAYAARSHEYA PRAVARAANVITHA … “ “ : aangeerasa . Earlier. thraasathasya . bhaaradwaaja . spreading out to different river valleys and other fertile lands where they set up their own GOTRAs. yowvanaasava . bhaaradhvaaja thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha… Powrukuthsa gothra : aangeerasa . aajameeta . 'Gothram' used to be a place where cattle were protected and reared. maandhaathra . ambareesha . On marriage. thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha… Raatheethara gothra : aangeerasa . OWRUKSHAYA . thrayaarsheya pravaraanvitha… Powrukuthsa gothra : aangeerasa . raatheethara . thrasathasya . powrukuthsa . sainya . the GOTRAs went nomadic.

Krathu. Bharadwaja 2. Vyaaghan. Vaatsam. Jaamadaghn ya(Oppiliappan) . has a specific Pravaram too.Syaavaasva 4 . The famous "Dasagothrams" (ten Gothrams) are : 1. the greatest. 6. Syaavana. Aathreyam. The Chiranjeevis (those who live eternally) who are said to have become eligible to be the next set of Saptharshis are : 1. 10. There are different versions in the Smrthis as to the number of Gothrams . do not even marry from maternal Gotras Gothram and Pravaram It is believed that every Braahmanan family has descended from one ancestral Maharshi (great seer or sage) or the other. 5. The performer of certain rituals like Ishti and Yaagam has to know which Pravaram he belongs to. 5. Angirass. Some Pakazhiyan (Aaswalaayanan) families have to say their Pravaram while performing Udakakriya There are 20 Gothras. Deepthimaan. "Manusmrthi" quotes 8. Each has its own three Rishis. Kaundinyam. 3. Gothram Pravaram 1. in addition to this. Gauthamam. Mareechi. 3.AApnavaana. and 7. Athri. Vaiswaamithram. Athri. 5. 4. the best. Every Gothram has three or five Pravara-Purushans (great persons) whose names are attached to the Gothram thus defining the Pravaram. Bharadwaajan. "Vishnu Bhaagavatham" has reference to the following set of seven sages (Saptharshis) : 1. 2. girl/ boy is adopted to other gotra even though born in same gotra. 6.Srivatsa Bhargava. Jamadagni. Gauthaman. 9. Bharadwaja Aankirasa. in whose name his Gothram is attached. Kripan.AAtreya Atreya. Viswaamithran. Jaamadagnyam. 6. 3. Rishyasrngan PRAVARAM Pravarams are sub-classes attached to each Gothram (Click here for article: About Namboothiris). etc. 7. 4.Owrva. upto 48. Bhaaradwaajam.I will list the 20 Gothras/Pravaras and illustrate one of the famous Gothras with details .7. while "Dharma Pradeepam" speakes of 48. Vasishtthan. Kausikam. 8. Therefore. 5.Vaitahavya. The Saptharshis of the present Vaivaswatha Manwantharam are : 1. Shatamarshana AAnkirasa. 8.Traasatasya 3 . since he has to disclose it while doing them.Aarchanaasa. and 7.Saavedasa 5 . VAISHYA families. and 10. Powrukutsa. Pulahan. which are referrred to in the Pravaram. The word literally means renowned. 2. Gaalavan. Kaasyapam. 4. 2. Pulasthyan. every Braahmanan. 6. just as he has a Gothram. 3. 4. Vaasishttham. and so on. Kaasyapan. Several among the Saptharshis referred to in "Manusmrthi" as Swayambhuva Manu's progeny and ancestors are said to be creators of Rigveda Sookthams. 2. and 7.except in special cases where.Vatula Bhargava. Parasuraman. Dronan. Bhaarhaspatya. Vasishtthan.

A. Aankirasa is the Rishi with whom more than half of the Atharva Veda samhitas a re associated. But owing to the diminishing utility of memory by human beings due to the age of Kali. For a Bramana.Bharmyasva.Aavatsaara.Kowtsa 14.Kaanva (2) Aankirasa. I will now say afew words about Shatamarshana Gothram. http://www. Similar to the case of Satakopan(Nammalwar later). Saaktya. All of them are devotees of Sriman Narayana and are Staunch Vaishnavas. Kowra.Maitraavaruna.Bharmyasva. Bhargava referes to the lineage of Bhrigu Maharishi.Paraasara (1) Vaasishta. Kowndinya Vaasishta.Bhadarayana Aankirasa.net/manasanskriti/Brahmins. An analysis of the Rishis associated with the Veda Mantras will give info on the other Rishis associated with the twenty Gothras and their lineage. Mowdgalya 11.Saankritya Among the 20. Gargi (1) Aankirasa. Owtala 8.Vasishta and Ankiras.Mowdgalya (2) Tarkshya.Gargya (2) Aangirasa.Tras is made up of 3 Kinds of fear . Paraasara.html This is indeed a immense topic and many scholarly people commented on this Here some of my thoughts based on that: 1. Daivala 20. Ambarisha.Ankiras---) Shatamarshana(Penance in the middle of Five fires at Haridhwar and got the boon that the Sata Vayu will not affect him . Brahma according to Puranas had 4 sons:Atri. Dhavya.Yuvanasva 10. Atri---) Dattatreya---) Atreya Gothram---) Atreya Ramanujar and links to Vedanta Desikan 4. Mowdkalya (1) AAnkiras. Bhrigu. He is called Trasa Dhasyu. Gaargya 18.Saankritya (2) Sadhya. Harita AAnkirasa.Bharhaspatya. Purukutsar. Ranganatha Tatacharya has written about the glory this Gothram in his monograph" Shatamarshana Gothra Prabhavam". Paarasarya 16. AAgamarshana.Sandilya (1) Kasyapa. 2. Raatitara 19.) P.6.Aavatsaara. Viswamitra Vaiswaamitra. Ajameeda. Aalawandar refers to his reputed Lineage referring to his grandfather Nata Muni & Shatamarshana thi s way:: " Janitvaham Jagati Mahati Kyata Yasasam"( Stotra Ratnakaram.His predecessors.Bharadwaja appears in Raamayanam . All the three Rishis (Ankiras.net/manasanskriti/Brahmins.Naitruva 13.Sandilya 12.Bharadwaja.Devaraata.Since these htree kinds of fear ran away fro him out of fear for his Power derived from penance.Mowdgalya (3) AAnkirsa. based on an analysis of Pravaras. Aalavandar(Yaamuna Muni) belong to this Gothram.Kutsa Aankirasa.Daivala (2) Kasyapa. Maandhatra.Aavatsara. Kowsika Vaiswaamitra. Sainya. the Vedam and Gothram been formulated by Sri Vedavyasa (Krishnadvaipayana) to protect the Vedas.Vyasa.Kanva (1) Aankirasa. Shatamarshana gothris are called Sreshtars or Sottai Kulam people in Tamil.(Paraasara is the author of Vishnu Puranam and Vysaa . Kaanva 15.Bhrigu---) Valmiki and Sri Vatsa Gothram 3. Vedas were grouped into 4 (Rig.Naitruvakaasyapa Kasyapa. Aavatsaara.Aagastya Aagastya.Kowravidha.Kowsika 7.Kowravidha.Sunkriti (1) Aankirasa. Before Shatamarshana: Ankiras.Tardhachyuta. the author of Brahma Sutrams and Puraanas.Kasyapa Kasyapa. . Vedam and Gothram comes as first grouping: According to many scholars.Purugutsar and Trasadasyuwere all born in this Gothram.html ________________________________________ The following ling might give you some ideas: http://www. one can see the Aankirasa Rishi appears 12 times including multiple versions.vedah. Sama and Athrvana) and handed over to group of people with an instruction that at least .Vasishta---) Sakti. Sage Kanva is the father of Sakutala celebrated by Kaalidasa. As it was said "Grantha Kotipi" meaning Vedas were innumerable. About Shatamarshana Gothram lineage.vedah.Paarshadaswa. Purukutsar and Traasa Dasyu were authorities on Rig Vedam.Sainya. Kowndinya 9. the foster father of Maha Lakshmi worshipped as Bhargavi.Trsadasyu) are thus included in the Pravaram of Shatamarshana Gothris. Their lines are as follows: 1.Sowmavaha 17. Natha Muni. Yajur.

Following to that.. The oldest among these Dharma Sutras are Apasthambha. Apasthambha: Apasthambha. Purana such as Vishnu Purana refer to individual identity through 'Gothra'. Chennai Q-01. Where do we have maximum Brahmins in India? A-01.. . Brahmins even in Uttar Pradesh. 2. Apasthambha's teachings are called Apasthambhasutra or Apasthambhasmriti. even within one Smriti. named Siddhartha was of 'Gowthama Gothra'. In Tamil Nadu they form less than 3 percent and in Andhra Pradesh they are less than 2 percent. Most people have gothra chain names traceable to Rig Vedic Rishis like 'Gowthama'. BSNL). Yajnavalkya referred to Brihaspati Gautama: Gautama was the most ancient sage of all Brahmin lawgivers. None of these smritis is supreme and universally applicable throughout the Indian Sub-continent. place to stay to conduct the Vedic rituals etc. Charanam – circumambulate] Those who moved from distant places. gotra. Baudhayana.GOTHRA Compiled by Gopalakrishna Ramaiyer. Katyayanasmriti is quoted in several works of Viswarupa. Brihacharanam [Brihath – this world or the country. Haritasmriti or Haritasutra is an extensive work.. india. Gautama and Vasishta Sutras. rishi. caste. Twenty-one Rishis were the profounder of Dharma Sastras. How many sages are there as profounder of Dharma Sasthras? A-02. It means that his Y-chromosomes were probably from RigVedic Rishi 'Gowthama Rahoogana'.keep this compiled form of Veda intact and hand over to generations next. Q-02. and to share the knowledge of the Veda to the human community as a whole. Vaathima or Brihadhcharanam etc. such group viz. Mana Sanskriti (Our. 'Gothra' is an identity carried by male lineage in India from time immemorial. Listings of more than 250 Gothra chains have been explicitly listed. He was quoted by Baudhayana and belonged to Samaveda School. (Retd. Brahmin. a native of Andhra Country. Baudhayana: (Bodhayana) Baudhayana also belonged to Krishnayajurveda School and was an inhabitant of Andhra Country. Divisions such as (Vadama. There is a lot of contradiction among these Darmasastras.net The Brahmins QUESTION & ANSWER on . I have heard of instances of Muslims converted from Hinduism still keeping track of their 'Gothra'. It is believed that Brahmins do and did existed globally and they migrated from one place to another place on invitation from Kings of other region. These differences in the rules and rituals resulted in the rigid stratification of sub-castes among Brahmins. Vadama (those who moved from North). Thus the relocated or migrated group of Vedic People been given a special status.. now we call ourselves belonging to any one Vedam. Brihaspati: Brihaspati was probably the first jurist to make a clear distinction between civil and criminal justice. Mitramisra etc. 'Vasishta' 'Viswamithra' and to first sons of Vaivaswatha Manu like Angirasa & Bhrigu. tribe. hindu. Gautama's teachings are called Gautamasutra Harita: Baudhayana and Vasishta in their Dharmasutras quote Harita. A point to be noted here is Each Veda has its own rituals/formulas/practices as described in that Veda and Vedaanga. AGM. where they are most numerous. Tambaram. Like this the divisions. ritual.) This is just to identify a group based on their settlements. brahmana. He belonged to fifth century BC. constitute just 9 percent. www. belonged to Krishnayajurveda School. Katyayana: Yajnavalkya mentions Katyayana. For example we know that Buddha. religion. In that view some group were given instructions to keep Rig and others Yajur etc.vedah. Baudhayana's teachings are called Baudhayanasutra or Baudhayanasmriti.

Kamkayana. Kaasyaps. The most celebrated of all the commentaries of Yajnavlkyasmriti is Mitakshara and is practically the beginning of the Brahmin law and the so-called Hindu law. Dhananjya. Puran and Indrakaushika 5 Kasyap. Raukshak. Gritakaushikas. Bhrigus and Saunaks follow the Rig.Smriti Chandrika cites 600 verses of Katyayana sutras. Mitryu. Vasishta: Vasishta belonged to 3rd century BC and a native of North India. Parashara and Jatukaraniya from sage Vashisht. each sect or branch can even change over to other Veda of their liking. Vishnu: Vishnu belonged to 1st or 2nd century AD. I give below a few actual belongings. Somabahar. Sankritas. and communicated it to ten sages and requested Bhrigu Rishi to repeat it to the other nine. The Yajnavlkyasmriti is concise. Garishtira and Mudhgala 4 Viswamitra Kaushika. Can you please give a chart of gothras and the sage from whom they are derived? # Sage Gothras desended 1 Bhrigu Vatsa. All others follow the Yajur Veda. Gargs (Chandras). Kasyap. Vishnu's teachings are called Vishnusutra or Vishnusmriti. Shaunak and Bainya gotras claim descent from sage Bhrigu (Vatsa-Brighu?) he gotras of Gautam. Somabahar. Puran and Indrakaushika from sage Viswamitra the Nidruba. Sandilas and Dhananjays follow the Sama. He was a native of Mithila City in North Bihar and probably lived anywhere from few centuries before Christ to 200 AD. Arshtikhena. Upamanyu. Gautams and Upamanyus observe the Yajur . Yajnavalkya: Yajnavalkya belonged to Suklayajurveda School12. Kamkayana. the Kaushika. however. Atre. Idhamabahar. Naradasmriti is the first legal code unhampered by the mass of religious and moral teachings. Bida. Yaska. However. Angirahs. This code of conduct recited by Bhrigu is called Manusmriti Narada: Sage Narada was probably a native of Nepal around first century AD. Shaunak and Bainya 2 Angirah Gautam. Bharadwaj and Kewal-Angiras 3 Atri. According to one legend (according to Sherring). Lohit. Vasishta's teachings are called Vasishtasutra or Vasishtasmriti. Nidruba. Yajnavalkya Dharmasmriti has been subject of numerous commentaries. Bhargaus. Aja. Mitryu. Aja. the Vashisht. Galawas and Vashishts follow the Atharva. Yaska. Mudhgalas. Kundin. Sandila. Though. it might vary on present generations. Manu received the code from Brahma. Manu: Manu is a mythical personality and is the ancestor of the entire humankind. . Q-03. Passages from Mitakshara have been found practically in every part of the Indian Continent and became an authority. Sambhabahar and Yagyabhar from sage Agastya. Kundin. Agamarkhan. Arshtikhena. Q-04. The Kasyaps. Bhaaradwajs. Agamarkhan. Sambhabahar and Yagyabhar Q-05 Mostly which Vedas are followed by different Gothras? A-05. Katab. all the chief Brahmin gotras are descended from the Saptarishis (seven sages). nd the Idhamabahar. Raukshak. Rebha and Langakshi from sage Kasyap. Lohit. anyone among the group can follow their convenient Veda. Dhananjya. Badbhutak. the Kaushikas. The Bharadwajs. Kasyap. Bharadwaj and Kewal-Angiras from sage Angirah the Atre. Badbhutak. some scholars think he belonged to first or second century AD. Rebha and Langakshi 6 Vashisht Vashisht. Garishtira and Mudhgala from sage Atri. Other Gotras are said to have been derived from these gotras. Parashara and Jatukaraniya 7 Agastya. Sherring says the Vatsa. Some authors think that Narada belonged to Gupta period when there was a distinct revival of Brahminism and Sanskrit literature. He may belong to the same period as Narada and Brihaspati. Vatsas. Sandila. Katab. more systematic and better arranged than the Manusmriti. What is the origin of Gothras? A-03. Upamanyu. Bida.

The Vindhya mountain range in central India continued to grow higher showing its might and obstructed cloud movement causing draught. What is the legend behind Brahmin migration to south? A. The smaarta Brahmins follow Apastambasmriti or Apastambasutra (not Manusmriti). The Vindhya mountain bowed to Agastya and the sage requested Vindhya to stay prostrated until he returns. Niyogi Brahmins include eminent personalities like Veeresalingam Kandukuri. especially the priesthood. e. They adhere to either the medieval Tenkalai or Vadakalai and Agaama scriptures These Vaishnavite Brahmins are spread mainly in Karnataka and Andhra. Many eminent scholars. in the courts of Srikrishnadevaraya. gujarat.recollect. etc. The Hoysala Karnatakas are Smarta Brahmins living in the State of Karnataka in the Indian Union.. Most of the Brahmins in Andhra Pradesh belong to smaarta Brahmin group. despite the traditional ban on earning money. i. rajasthan and UP).g. Niyogi Brahmins : Niyogi Brahmins are those Brahmins who took up various secular vocations including military activities and gave up religious vocation. The gaur (white) subcastes. What are the details of Brahmins of Andhra today? A-10. and to some extent in Tamilnadu also .e. until recently. as opposed to Yaga. Radhakrishnan Sarvepalli.. which means religious contemplation or meditation. the followers of smritis and followers of Adi Sankaracharya. Q-07. Yajnvalkya sutras and other laws were also important in the past. the south. in addition to smaarta Brahmins. which means religious sacrifice. The smaarta Brahmins in Andhra Pradesh can be grouped into two major divisions formed about a thousand to about 700 years ago (most probably during Kakatiya rule). Vindhya complied with this request and the Sage Agastyhya never returned to north! Q-09. Venkatanarasimharao Pamulaparti (PV). Satavahana dynasty that ruled for five centuries and extended over Andhra and central India. The earliest Brahmins to arrive in Andhra were most probably sage Viswamitra's students and progeny around 1200 BC. However. Q-10. Not all the followers of these Vaishnavite reformers are Brahmins. Madhavas and Aradhyas. South Indian kings showed respect and patronage for Brahmins and Brahminism since ancient times. The Brahmin sub-castes are broadly categorized into two great geographical divisions-the north and the south.g. That was one of the main reasons for the existence of Niyogi Brahmins. Parasara. V. Sage Agastya decided to solve the problem and traveled south. General K. Boudhayana. They were ministers in the courts of kings and feudatories. The Brahmin migration to the South features in the legends of sage Agastya.08. (Read more here) Q-08. Venkatgiri Varahagiri. Apasthamba (~600 BC) was one of the earliest lawmakers of south India who lived on the banks of River Godavari. e. the strict vegetarians and highly educated people also are given the approximate status of brahmins in Andhra Pradesh. Pradhamasakha Niyogi Brahmins (see below) follow Yajnavalkya sutras and Kanva sutras. it is probable that they are so-called because they accept secular employment. Sangam era of Chera. generals and religious pontiffs belong to this community. Niyogi Brahmins depend and emphasize on modern education. musicians. karanams (Andhra) or patwaris (Telangana). manthra narmada sindhu kaveri godavari namosthuthae during Upakarma ceremony). Prakasam Tanguturi. Is it correct that earliest Brahmin migration to south was to Andhra? What was the period? A-09. even Vaidika Brahmins should earn money to protect the Dharma. philosophers. Niyogi and Vaidiki. Niyogi name is derived from Yoga. Some of these Vaishnavites include Acharis and . Ramananda (north India). Krishnarao etc. There are many subcastes in Vaidiki Brahmins as well: Among the Vaishnavities. Chola and Pandya kings in Deep South also used to grant lands to Brahmins. according to Sherring. Who are Hosyalas? A-07. As the times have changed. (My note . The Niyogis are considered to be eligible for priestly service. Many of them were village accountants/clerks.. According to Jogendranath Bhattacharya. But they will never either accept a religious gift or partake of Sraaddha food (food given to Brahmins duiring the death related rituals). Niyogin in Sanskrit also means "employed" or "appointed" and accordingly. Nimbaarka. Madhva (all over south India). The dividing line is the Narmada River. there are other Brahmin groups such as Sri Vaishnavas. Vallabhacharya (found among velanadu.Q-06. inhabit the region north of the Narmada and the draviDa subcastes. One of the most important features of Satavahana dynasty was granting land to Brahmins. Where does the north and south geographical division of Brahmins starts? A-06. KL Rao. The great Vaishnavite reformers like Ramanujacharya.

According to accepted traditions in the rest of the country. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. destitutes women. Once upon a time. What is the period of Madwacharya? A-13. In the past. The big hearted Raamanuja fought against caste distinctions and gathered under his doctrine. A famous guru of the line was Raghavendraswami. Thus he created the Vaishnava community. etc. became Rishis and established their own Vedik schools and new Brahmin branches. While Udupi is the religious center of Tulu nadu. It is interesting that all the three are the names of ancient towns and temples around Kanchipuram. This included both coastal Uttara Kannada district as well as all of Dakshina Kannada district. Other than Viswamithra can you say a few non Brahmin sages? A-17. all along coastal Karnataka up to Kasargod in the south. Q-15. What are the praised activities of Ramanujacharya? A-11. Kashmiri Brahmins are believed to be a branch of the Saraswat Brahmins who were so called because they were believed to have settled along the course of an ancient river in the North-West Indian Continet (Indo-Pak region) called Saraswati. They have been here from very ancient times and were primarily invited to be temple priests in the early Chola period. A large section of this uprooted community was settled in the Western Konkan coast of the present state of Maharashtra. they adopted to the local language and customs and adopted local Gods. What is the relation with Sanskrit for Brahmins? A-18. whenever. What was the reason Yanjalwakia came out from vaisampayana ? A-19. yet maintained their Sanskrit language. This is the heartland of Tulu nadu today. and Brahmins in particular. The first Prime Minister of the Indian Union. When this river dried up. Q-19. the Vedas. traditions and culture. It was declared that who ever among the invited fails to attend the Brahmin assembly would be considered to have committed the sin of murder of a Brahmin (Brahmahatya). They are supposed to be followers of Baudhyana sutra and are divided as 'Kanchipuram'. Over many centuries the principal language of Tulu nadu was Tulu. However. e. 'Tiruvalangadu' and 'Thirukazhakundram' Gurukuls. Kings like Viswamitra. Who were the earliest group of Brahmins came to Tamilnadu? A-14. literature and performing arts like music and dance. The Madhvaas date from the recent reform activities of Madhvacharya (somewhere in the 12th century) also of the vaishnava sampradaya . It seems many jains also merged with vaishnavites. Who are Kashmri Brahmins? Are they branhched from Saraswath Brahmins? A-15. The Nehru dynasty ruled the Union for almost half a century. where everybody sat together without distinction. Tamilnadu as well as Andhra. All the same it appears they made sure that the brightest were selected as Sri Vaishnavites.g. Veerahavya etc. an assembly of Brahmins was arranged in presence of Lord Brahma. Q-18. (They are found all over karnataka.. Q-17. evangelizers of vaishnavism. These Vaishnavas are also known as Andhra Vaishnava. belongs to the Pandit community of kasmiri Brahmins. arabs and turks. It is the language of Brahmins. these Brahmins migrated. jains. and told them to always work for reform of society. Q-12. and they were prominent in the last days of Vijayanagar (1500's). through rigorous courses and tests some non-Brahmins became Rishis. Do Jains have joined Vaishanvisam? A-12. As a consequence there are expert cooks who easily handle very large scale cooking among them. The Sanskrit is an ancient language that became irrelvant to Indians in general. . Brahmins migrated to lands. immigrant foreign soldiers. however. Q-14. Others moved further North into the Valley of Kashmir. All the Brahmin teachers and professors were invited. This clearly indicates that the earliest migration was to Kanchipuram. Q-13. The ancient Tulu nadu extended from Gokarna in the north. Radheerga. Many of them were great Vedic scholars. Many of the famous temple establishments like Tirupati and Ahobilam are run per vaishnavite agamic canons. Who are Tuluva Brahmins? A-16. south Maharashtra. This went a long way towards reduction of old discriminations. The earliest group of Brahmins to come to Tamil Nadu is largely known as Gurukuls. They conducted the coronation of the kings and acted as their spiritual advisors and Gurus. tribals. Many of them were the great exponents of Vedic Astrology and Ayurvedic Medicine. Q-16. just like in an earlier era buddhists shifted to various sects of saivism The vaishnavite communities in Andhra Pradesh have a marked bent towards education. The great Raamanuja specifically included among his followers sc's. Q-11. people from all walks of life and caste and religion and occupation and said henceforth they shall be known as one community. Vishnuvardhana. Mangalore is the commercial hub. without any regard to their former caste or other origins One characteristic method used by the gurus was community dinners.velanadu vaideekulu. Today Tulu is spoken only south of River Kalyanpur in Udupi and Dakshina Kannada districts of Karnataka.

Yajnavalkya followed the orders of the professor and discarded all the learning. Q-24. sub-lineage of the Sapthra-Rishis and the Gothra Pravaram from this page. What was the purpose of Gothra orgination? A-22. Kashyapa. Thus Yajnavlakya became a Vajasaneya. How do Kula devata principle originated? A-21. The Seven rishis are Gautama. Inspired by a saint whose name they bear as their own Gotra. which are referrred to in the Pravaram. Kaundinya. Q-22. They desired offspring and received it.24. This thinking is in tune with the modern day genetic paradigms of hybrid vigor. Atri. All present day Brahmin communities are said to be descendants of these 8 Rishis. He considered this request as arrogance of Yagnavalkya and completely out of line. Bharadwaj. How many famous gothrams are there? A-23. Consequently. five or Seven Rishis. Bhardwaja. However. one can see the Aankirasa Rishi appears 12 times including multiple versions. marriage will not be allowed within the same gotra in order to avoid impure matrimony. What is the speciality of Angirasa. subsequently the term gotra is frequently applied to the ganas and to the families within the ganas interchangeably. he ordered Yajnavalkya to give up all the learning that he learned from Vaisampayana and leave his school immediately. And he became poorer in his knowledge and hence in powers and luster. fore-fathers and so on. one who learned as a horse and a branch formed called Vajasaneya sakha. . He was a great intellectual and was very powerful due to his knowledge. In present days. Professor Vaisampayana could not attend this meeting and acquired the sin of Brahmahatya. Q-20. You can get the Rishis group. One of his disciples was Yajnavalkya. The Sun God agreed to teach and asked him to follow him in the form a horse during his continuous travel across the skies and learn. Do gothra system started during Yajurveda period? A-20. He assembled all his disciples and requested them to share the burden of the sin of murder. Among the Gothra analysis of Pravaras. each Rishi's lineage has its own sub-lineage or grouping with Single. The gotra classification took form probably sometime during the Yajur Veda period. Vishwamitra was a descendent of Kaushika and Vatsa was a descendent of Jamadagni). Under the Sapta-Rishi grouping. Kanva and Bhargava? A. Jamadagni. Over the years the number of gotras incresed due to: Descendents of these Rishis also started new family lineage or new gotras (Kaundinya was a descendent of Vasihta. Vaisampayana was enraged at this request. Vasistha.C. The present day gotra classification is created from a core of 8 rishis (The Saptha rishis + Aga Agastya). Jamadagni.For some unavoidable circumstances. Aankirasa is the Rishi with whom more than half of the Atharva Veda samhitas are associated. Vishwamitra. The lines of descent from the major rishis are originally divided into Ganas [sub divisions] and each Gana is further divided into families. The gotras of GSBs is believed to be originated from the ten Rishis. This was later extended to other aspects of the Brahmin life. up to their respective Rishis.The gotra system is part of a system of classification or identification of various Brahmin families in ancient times. three. These Rishis belonged to different sects like Shakti. This Yajurveda learned by Yajnavlkya as a horse from the Sun God is called SuklaYajurveda and the earlier one that was learned from Vaismpayana was Krishna Yajurveda. There are more than 120 Gothras known amongst the Brahmins. Vatsa. It is believed that the gotras (now account to a total of 49) started to consolidate some around 10-8 Century B. Kashyapa and Atri. Gautam and Vishwamitra (Kamshi) The gotra system was instituted for the purposes of identifying one's ancestors and pay respects during various invocations and other rituals to honor their fathers. which immediately evaporated into the solar dimension. after the Rig Veda period. Q-23. Yajnavalkya went to the Sun God and requested the Sun to teach him Yajurveda. Kausika. An analysis of the Rishis associated with the Veda Mantras will give info on the other Rishis associated with the Gothras and their lineage. He came forward and suggested that he would take all the sin and manage it with his powers and requested Vaisampayana to let go other disciples. Shavites and Vishnavites and had different deities for worship. such as Marriage and temple worship. There is a thinking like that . Seven Rishis (Saptarshi) are recognized as the mind born sons of the creator Brahma. Such deities came to be known as the Kuladevatas. Q-21. Vashista.

Do Rigveda is declared as part of world heritage by UNESCO? A-36. Shudras also have gotras. Tiruvangadu and Tirukalikundram were the first destinations for the Gurukuls who arrived. Gotra has always been only a Brahmin lineage that descends from seven or eight rishis associated with the Saptarishi or the seven stars of the Great Bear constellation as according to original Hindu Vedic system.Vasishta and Ankiras. Marriages within the gotra ("swagotra" marriages) are banned under the rule of exogamy in the traditional matrimonial system. Yes. while such marriages were forbidden in matrilineal communities. Q-27. like Malayalis and Tuluvas. Do Kanchipuram was one of the oldest cities? A-33 Yes. it is the duty of the Brahmin to keep his particular ray alive by doing daily rituals that he may transmit the power of that ray to others for the benefit of mankind. and follow it in marriages. Long before. Daily practices of Brahmins include sandhyavandana (prayers to Gayatri and Sun God). Q-36. Do sudras see gothra for marriage? A-31. Q-31. Q-25. the author of several hymns in Rigveda including Gayatri mantra. Yes. Do Family deity known as kula deivam or kula devata is related to Gothra? A-30. during the Ramayana period Brahmins migrated to Dandakaranya (Dandaka Forest) in the south with Viswamitra. it is possible to change one's Kula. Aalavandar (Yaamuna Muni) belong to Shatamarshana Gothram. The linkage between the Varanasi (Kashi) and Kanchi has existed from earliest times and has been facilitating the migration of priests between the North and the South. Though gothras were for all was it particular to keep the ray by Brahmins? A-29. and in rituals his Gotra would be the Gotra of his Brahmin priest. Q-26. A Gotra relates directly to the original seven or eight Rishis of the Vedas. In this sense.the God of the clan). Q-32. the foster father of Maha Lakshmi worshipped as Bhargavi. Note-I had the experience of meeting many gothra Brahmins coming to my Kuladeivam Jadayudayar temple in Kallidaikurichi. Where do Brahmin communities flourished and how it was expanded? A-35. prayer to ishtadaiva or ilavelpu (personal God). Who are the four sons of Brahma? A-27. Do Kanchipuram was the orginal destination for priests from north? A-34. Bhrigu. based on his faith or Ishta-deva. marriages were allowed between uncle and niece. Rig Veda as part of the World Heritage. Bhargava referes to the lineage of Bhrigu Maharishi. yoga. Q-29. every weaver falls under one of these gotra. DO Gothra is partilineal or matrilineal too? A-32. Lord Rama was Raghu Vansha. Kula has nothing to do with lineage or caste. What was the gothra of Sreerama (Sri Ram)? A-28. UNESCO declared. Everything in the daily life of a . Marriages are held within Markandeya but never in same family name." In Brahmin tradition. This was because Lord Rama's great-grandfather Raghu became famous. Natha Muni. The word "Gotra" means "ray. vegetarianism etc. It is possible that Kanchipuram. Markandeya was known be a Maharishi and had 60 sons. Bharadwaja appears in Raamayanam. Vedas mention a mighty river called the Sarasvati where Brahmin communities flourished. NO NO NO. This practice is still common today as it was in ancient times according to earliest Hindu sources. where gotra membership was passed down from the mother. For example a weaver falls under Markandeya gotra. Q-30. Lord Rama did not have a Gotra. where gotra membership passed from father to children. Q-34. What is the gothram of Nathamuni? A-25. Q-35. A kula is basically a set of people following similar rituals. What are the daily practices of a Brahmin? A-37. People within the gotra are regarded as kin and marrying such a person would be thought of as incest. the other being Varanasi (Kashi). Brahma according to Puranas had 4 sons: Atri. Q-28. They stayed and worked there till they were redeployed to other interior temples and towns. Q-33. Which sage appears in Ramayan in addition to Vasista and Viswamithra? A-26.Sage Kanva is the foster father of Sakuntala celebrated by Kaalidasa. non-violence. A common mistake is to consider gotra to be synonymous with clan or Kula. In some communities. In fact. Kanchipuram is one of the two most ancient cities of India. Therefore. where the Indus Valley civilization flourished and dispersed when the Saraswati river dried up around 1900 BCE. So. Q-37. often worshipping the same God (the Kula-Devata .

saptarsheya. Q-42 Who was sage Bharadwaja? A-42. ritual conception and consummation of the wedding. the pravara of the Kundina gotra is Vasishtha. There are two kinds of pravaras. Gautama. Vishnu. special rituals include marriage. These sutras are based on divine Vedas and are manmade and hence are called Smritis. Jamadagni. It is therefore that some define pravara as the group of sages that distinguishes the founder (lit. How pravaras are told? Do different types of pravaras are there? A-39. Do Sutra is a later development after forming Gothras? What are the different types of sutras? A-41. ritual baths. Apasthambha. Parasara. Pârâsharya. e. According to Baud. All of these rituals are very important for a practicing Brahmin. Atri. there are according to the Âsvalâyana-srautasûtra four subdivisions of the Vasishtha gana. However. the pravara of the Parâshara gotra is Vasishtha. Shâktya. Satatapa. Each of these four again has numerous sub-sections. 162). rituals of childbirth. Bharadvasu. roughly sometime during 1000 BC to 200 BC. So the arrangement is first into ganas.Brahmin is a ritual. cremation rituals. the progeny of these eight sages is declared to be gotras. Atri. Traditional Brahmin accepts Vedas as apaurusheyam (not man-made). upanayana (the sacred-thread ceremony . shraaddha. Sutras are generally written in prose or in mixed prose and verse. moral and legal precepts are called dharma sutras. Parâshara. the child's first tonsure. Panini defines gotra for grammatical purposes as ' apatyam pautraprabhrti gotram' (IV. How far it is correct? A-40. Vyasa. gotra denotes all persons who trace descent in an unbroken male line from a common male ancestor. Brahmins became divided into various Sakhas or branches. based on the adoption of different Vedas and different readings and interpretations of Vedas Sects or schools for different denominations of the same Veda were formed. Q-41. Likhita. Harita. Upamanyu. Every Veda has its own sutras. Q-40. Gautama. Some argument is there that in gothra were different sishya pravaras are there marriage is permissible with in the gothra. viz. The sutras that deal with social. Q-38. Usanasa. This pravara may be either sishya-prasishya-rishi-parampara or putra parampara. The teachings of these distinguished rishis are called sutras. Samvarta. Boudhayana. under the leadership of distinguished teachers among Brahmins. The gotras are arranged in groups. then into pakshas. and up to 19 rishis . Indrapramada. whose accomplishments . and 2) putrparampara. The offspring (apatya) of these eight are gotras and others than these are called ' gotrâvayava '. Kaundinya and the pravara of Vasishthas other than these three is simply Vasishtha. Bharadvâja. When it is sishya-prasishya-rishi-parampara marriage is not acceptable if half or more than half of the rishis are same in both bride and bridegroom gotras. In general. Sutra Period: During the sutra period. marriage is totally unacceptable even if one rishi matches. Maitrâvaruna. 1) sishya-prasishya-rishi-parampara. Yes. which means 'the word gotra denotes the progeny (of a sage) beginning with the son's son. Manu. triarsheya. According to the Baudhâyanas'rauta-sûtra Vishvâmitra." There are several Brahmin law givers such as Angirasa. Kashyapa and Agastya are 8 sages. etc. pancharsheya. Gotrapravaras can be ekarsheya. first feeding ceremony. then into individual gotras.initiation into vedic learning and ritual). Bharadwaja was one of the great sages (rishis) descendant of rishi Angirasa. When a person says ' I am Kashypasa-gotra' he means that he traces his descent from the ancient sage Kashyapa by unbroken male descent. Sankha. The first has survived in the Bhrigu and Ângirasa gana. 1. the principal eight gotras were divided into pakshas. each being called gotra. dwarsheya. Yajnavalkya and Yama. whereas those sutras that deal with ceremonials are called Srauta sutras and domestic rituals are called gruhya sutras. naming ceremony. Katyayana. Kashyapasa gotra has at least two distinct pravaras in Andhra Pradesh: one with three sages (triarsheya pravara) and the other with seven sages (saptarsheya pravara). g. The pravara of Upamanyu is Vasishtha. Daksha. meaning "recollected or remembered. Q-39. Vasishta. Vasishtha. According to Panini and Bodhayana what is the explanation of gothra? A-38. Brihaspati. Kundina and Vasishtha (other than the first three). If it is putraparampara. but revealed truths and of eternal validity or relevance and hence the Vedas are considered Srutis that which have been heard and are the paramount source of Brahmin traditions and is believed to be divine. the starter) of one gotra from another.

of five pravaras named Bhārgava. (4) shakha. the major gotras were divided into ganas (subdivisions) and each gana was further divided into groups of families. And each Gotra is addressed by the suffix 'sa' or 'asa' as relevant. The term gotra was then frequently started being applied to the ganas and to the sub-ganas.). cf.com/articles/veda/science-genetics-vedic-hindu-gotra-y-chromosome-male-lineageextinction/ Science of Genetics behind the Hindu Gotra System – The Y Chromosome and the Male Lineage | HitXP by www. I am a fit and proper person to do the act I am performing. Surely . silver thread followed by cotton thread is worn I think I want your enlightenment) It may be noted some gothras have variations of pravara sages.hitxp. Āpnavan. Atri.hitxp. Bhrigu.. Vasishtha. Bharadwaja rishi was the father of Dronacharya and the grandfather of Ashwatthama He was one of the Saptarshis (Seven Great Sages Rishi) in the present Manvantara.MonierWilliams) rishis who belonged to that particular gotra to which a person belongs.. Gautam. Over the years. In vedic ritual. The ‘Pravara’ identifies the association of a person with 2 or 3 of the above-mentioned rishis. Q-43. The full affiliation of a brāhamana consists of (1) gotra. Kutsa. Gotra is the name of the founding father.? Telling mantra-Yanjopaveetham paramam pavithram prajapathae.com Gotra System is used in Hindus. of Āpastamba sutra. It also signifies the other castes contributed to different Vedas by these rishis. reference. The word "gotra" means "lineage" in the Sanskrit language.are detailed in the Puranas. the importance of the pravara appears to be in its use by the ritualist for extolling his ancestry and proclaiming. A brahmana named 'X' introduces himself as follows : I am 'X'. an oath is taken in the name of each one of these three or five of the most excellent rishis belonging to one's gotra. and Bharadvaja. While tying the knots of sacred thread. i am giving hereunder some gotras and pravaras and viswamithra's amsam or characteristics many of it were there in fact incidentally he holds the maximum pravarams see in the following no other rishi has that .(Is there any such ractise. Every brahmin claims to be a direct patrilinial descendant of one of the founding rishis of a certain gana or sub-gana. gotras are reckoned patrilineally. Good article http://www. Pravara is the number of the most excellent (-cf. the number of gotras increased due to:Descendants of original rishi also started new family lineage or new gotras and Inspired by another rishi whose name they bear as their own gotra. Accordingly. "as a descendant of worthy ancestors. Sanskrit-English Dictionary. of Shrivatsa gotra. Gautama. Hence the gotra was applied to the grouping stemming from one of these rishis as his descendants Many lines of descent from the major rishis were later grouped separately. ref. Kashyapa. with others being Atri. especially Brahmins to maintain a strict male li. Aurva and Jāmdagnya (This example is based upon the example given by Pattābhirām Shastri in the introduction to VedārthaPārijata. Chyāvana. the first seven of these are often enumerated as Saptarishis). When the variation is more intermarriage from the same gothra is permitted provided the pravars are shisya pravaras. It is the gana or sub-gana that is now commonly referred to as gotra. Kashyapa [1]. of Taittiriya shākha of Yajurveda. Vashishtha. Vishvamitra. Jamadagni. Q-44. What is the orgin of Gothra? A-43. Do Gothra and Pravara are related to ? A-44. golden thread." The sacred thread yajnopavita worn on upanayana has close connection with the concept of pravaras related to brahmin gotra system. The concept of Gotra was the first attempt among Brahmins to classify themselves among different groups. At the beginning. (2) pravaras (3) sutra (of Kalpa). Each gotra takes the name of a famous Rishi or sage who was the patrilineal forebearer of that clan. Among those of the Brahmin caste. these gentes identified themselves by the names of various rishis (Angirasa.

many Salankayana: Viswaamitra. The same was with those Brahmins. Pachauri.D… Vishwamitra. So these are the two reasons behind the creation of Shasana.Traasatasya Atreyasa: Atreyasa. As you know that it is prohibited to marry in the same village in various community of Hindus.Kalabodhana Kalaboudha:Viswaamitra. Gotras with highest number of allh's or shasanas associated with them are : 1. Devaraata. 5. 6.Aarchanaasa. Aghamarshana. Powrukutsa. Devatarasa. Devarata Shatamarshana: Angirasa.AAgamarshana.Kowsika Kalabodhana/Kalabhavasa(3 variations) Kalabodhana: Viswaamitra.Devarata. Panchashraya there i something known as SHASANA and Gotra and Shasana are used and follOwed collectively in many places especially mostly in UP du e to the Yagya Karma of Tenguriya Kshatriya. Bharadwaj: 84 + 186 Bhārdvāja Vashiṣhṭa: 41 Apara + 84 Vriddha + 27 Divā + 62 Purva + 39 Uttara Kaushika : 108 Vatsa : 75 Parashara: 34 + 25 of Pārāśara Gautam : 42 . 2.AAgamarshana.AAgamarshana. 4. though their Gotra were different yet were given same Shasan on the name of their villages. Therefore.Syaavatsyasa Kowsika: Vishwamitra. Shraumita. So Brahmins of many Gotra gathered in one village. Kaamakayana.Tigunait. Pachori (All Same) * Rajoria * Rawat * Sirothia * Sthapak * Tinguriya * Trigunayat. Tignath(All Same) * Udainia It is too complex to understand with the help of this article.K… Viswamitra: Viswamitra. 3. Devalia (All Same) * Dimole * Dantere * Gandharwala * Girdonia * Hardenia * Katare * Kontu * Lamania. So due to doing same Yagya Karma.Ka… Kalabhavasa:Viswaamitra.Aghamarshana.Aghavarshana. Also Brahmins were invited by Kashtriya and given many villages. So in spite of being different Gotra they decided not to marry in each other's community just because of their same job of Yagya Karma. Name of Some Shasana(Allh):* Arele * Bhatele * Bohare * Dandotia * Dubeniya * Devpuria * Deolia. the Brahmins of different Gotra considered themselves relative and decided not to do marriage in each other's family. Lavania * Mahere * Narolia * Pachouri. Owtala Sankhyayana:Vishwamitra.

L. Agniveś Bhārdvaja: 21 14. and (3) Inspired by another rishi whose name they bear as their own Gotra. Kauṇḍinya: 19 15. Over the years the number of gotras increased due to: (1) Descendants of original rishi also started new family lineage or new gotras. 1946 Bom.377. either you condemn all that i s islamic or otherwise there were even many case before india became a republic ad when indian legal luminaries along with the brits gave judgement in courts any dispute in marriage leading to divorce which of course was rare . We are in the seventh Manvanthara now.the first thing that was given priority was adherence to religion based traditional requirement namely gothra followed adherence to local prevailing customs.I. who chose and rose to become an ascetic rishi. Śāndilya : 31 9. Since the word 'gotra' also connotes the association originating from a rishi as a priest (or guru) of a clan. Hārita : 25 12.we must question anything and everything before accepting or following it . 48 Bom. So the term 'gotra' is applied to that grouping stemming from a rishi as his descendants. here is a case in point but then everything must be studied with historical and socio cultural perspective ofthe times in which some thing has evolved and then decide taking into consideration all aspects whether that i s logically and based on utilitarianism worth following it with or without modifications and amendments rather than following anything just because they were venerated as the axiomatic truths once. Kashyapa : 24 + 9 of Kāśyapa 10.the case is In A. either you are a christian or otherwise.R. a few other castes also happen to share some of the gotras of Brahmins. Atreya : 36 8. 196. anyway we being of koushik gothra should never do it . Bhṛigu: 15 + 13 of Bhārgava 11. (2) By inter marriage with other sub-groups of the same caste. Gotras may be defined as a concept of patrilineal classification and identification of various families of a caste. either you support globalization or otherwise. among the saptha rishis vishwamithra i s the only kshatriya Gotras have their orgination to saptharshies who change with Manvanthara. it has been held by the Bombay High Court that a marriage between sagotras is invalid under the Hindu Law as it is .7. Viaswamitra was basically a Kshatriya king. or considering that rishi as a priest (or guru) of a clan. Garga : 18 By dividing Gotra further into Shasana. all said and done the bloody hindu sages were the first in the history of human race to not only feel the necessity to classify . Mudgala : 22 13. either you are a capitalist or communist. for and against etc which i s what the so called civilized f*****g west does even today they have never seen beyond binary modes be it religion either you are a roman or otherwise. Sanadhya Brahmins tried to avoid more inter-Gotra marriage.categorize and codify human species taking into consideration the manifestation of multiple biological and psychological characteristic rather than merely labeling them into two categories as good and bad.R. Gotras Seven Rishis (saptarshi) are recognized as the mind born sons of the creator BrahmaThe ’Shatapatha Brahmana’ gives their names as: Atri Bharadwaja Gautam Jamadagni Kashyapa Vasishtha Vishwamitra Out of these seven rishis.

But custom is a recognised source of Hindu Law. . and if there is a custom proved recognizing the validity of such a marriage it would to that extent modify the ordinary Hindu Law.prohibited according to the smriti writers and recognised commentators.