KNO,W WHERE YOU ARE 1.

11 you don't recognlze the air
Imirting again.

s(J\irin l\buve, Y(lulmd better g'1 LlIIO\lgb [I,tjj~tion The bottom one Is on l.h~ West Coast. The answers nre Oil pg, ·10.

NAVAL
MA.RCH

A.YIATION
1947

NEWS No.26B

rdl'.{';j'fLft, d~J;igmws. al:e ra~illg to p,j'oc.blco htgher and hIgher speed aircraft, ()ther scientists are busy tryiHg to J:igure ways of getting the pilot out or those phtrtes alive. Mbst ofi:heb" ideas revolve arounc] use of some kiud of paraclmte on the pilot or perhaps on hfs "escape ~apsllle:l The shape of these chutes and the material used to make them is the subject of mLL!]), f'speriltlents and much study, Btl1'gaU of Aeronauti<;ts' Airborne E( lui pill ell t section i~ working Ol1t the chute problem, aided by the Parachute Experimental Unit at NAB LAKEHU1lST and the Naval Air ;"'Jateriai Center at Philttdel@hil). Private contractors and German scientists also ,lfe lending a J~Llli

W

hrulc! and working on projects, Th~ Parachute Unit, which soon may move to El Centro, Cal .• to gel more .space for high speed expel' iments, has tried out some 4D cliJferent ideas and designs in an effort toBnd the 1l115Wer to high speed bailouts. Even though the jet plane n'f the flttnrf' provides l'scalle \ITa a "capi:l1I1e:; it Will have to have a parachute of seme type to briug it safely to ril!lrth. A ~luall drogue
cliutc m'ay slow it down to a speed, where annareconventional type car1 he broken out for the final "lap.' Present chutes function adequately at speeds IIp to 250 rnph.; For fastm' plane ejections new techniques: and (/lltdpmeu.t are in PI'ij~SS of (lew11opm.ent by Th.IAE~.

T.ESTIIOMB

WITH

IP~R~CHUTE

INSI'DE

SLUNGUNOER

F8F

FLOW·N B

Y ,LT. A. J. PE.RKEFI"

01' ·LAK(HUflST

UNIT

TO GET

HIGH

SPEED

'OA.~A

Bailing Out 01 Speedy Jet Planes Highly Dangerous; ParathUle Strengt" C,i,ical
plane goiHg 600 the E uot killed by rhe nirtnplr, without hittil',g lungsrudder was Illust CX1JI!)dilig. Ids or
VEN II'

01 his oud tei~ling his IIf'H1Jl rnrn his lnce he still wunlrl howe plenty of trouble ahead of him, Tllliny's _P:l1':..cimtes are not made 1.0 withstand '11(.· npening shock of those high speeds wi.thout spJitting or lq~]p.ing. Even if. QH::Y eou u. UII:' pilot pn'llmbly. ·woule] he: killed by lLe lel'T/fie C forces when rhe cauopy uWuI1!ecl. BuArm has various hra.tlOh(~s 'Norking OE several ap-

a pilot

could

hili] out

in the slipstream

CAPTIURED

GeRI\1AN

DROGU!>

CHUTE

USED

TO

;BRAKE

J'ET PLANES·

1 Jl'akcs may be tncorporured ill plnT18S LD slow them down to where.a pilot cal! t.~1;i jettis1w,(j ?r bnil our, Cockpi~sor frQul· -'il1l)ljoJLS fit 11m plants mfl)' be f'jec'l"ecl, MOJ'e efI1clent plit;ldIU t es which opel! with less .,hock are u rider pxparimell t, The uJtl:rnatlJ chute must be three thjng~: 1. It" rnust be small olllmgh tn gl<lt iusidr; wlhy's 11m al I C()tkl~ilS. it II must be t:d!'-Y ttl mnrudacrure in muss productton ill ease of suddeu W[IX, and 3. It suolilil he clesignl-'d so the ope.ning

11'OIlches to IlJ!,! IJigll ~pi:led I:?hlll~ safety

problerrr,

Speed

shoek wll I, milt exceed Hi· C's. . Om' w:.y (If meeting lli(-l problem is heing explored thoroughly· thl[l ()J nJr esoepemenr to el.l~hion the openillg sImek,
E\'ery known ideo. inducting rnanyuMnl by

scien Ilsi s, is Ilcing inves[igatBtl.

Heseardl

11I!1J1S is beillg studled to get Infurmatien parachutes. German scientists UDder C(llitruct with the Armv Ail' Vm't:t's are 1'['Ianed to tl1[> :-';n~--yto assist in ,.e.~eru·('h. Oue

thlta of the Ger· un their bi,gh speed
Re-

Gc.r~nall

Dr.

Ccc)rge

l'lfadelullg.

dil't:lct(~r of Greif Zcppcli!l

searoh Institute, was an ildviStTI [·0 Martin .Aircraft back in file H)20's, Dl)rillg the WIll' he was acti.ve in !l!llving ~cienUfie survi vu I lwdcscapc lWIlU tom;; .ill 1\1 essersehm itt, Heinkel lllld [unkers ujrl'nlJt, Since the Nazis were ahead of the .'\lIic.~ ill lIrlHg jet plnnes tl) tl)l"hl~'<~t.theil' researeh (111 1>11.1'\ iVI1I.is tU,-,iIlg studied closely. "I heyeqllJpped thefr jet pilots with Ko~,leletsKy rlbhuntype parnchutes (l;e(' pfrolO. I'g. 11 anti produced jettison!Ill].. nose' SBCOOns 011 lheir rocket r.ghtf;\J" aircru.ft, the Vtl'l8r nr Nllt/flT, 11 wooden 1l75'n'lph. interceptor which was I.II1!JC'hl'U sll'nighl up. Th{l Navy is ~111dyillg these fdens ..

with the knowledge that the CtjrIDUU.5 therltselve~ chrdug lim war report~dly failf'd to rescue 11 ,'ifngle pilot alive fmm ,\ high speed ttircraIt
EUl: K()STEl.ETSKY chute was ,givell full tcs:~_ at Lakehurst, Ele-:co drops were made at speeds Irnm 200 to 3,,) mph, and at v~II'YI!'Ig uitiludes, with 200~Jb. duullny weights. It was fountl the chute unfurled slewly, Jell rapidly and had a very low opening shock und oseillation {see dhart. page 4). It fell till avel1tgr;: (,if 4S Ieet It second, twlee a~ fast ns the Navy eonsiders safe for H man to hit the aarlh. It took au a'Vernge flve seconds to opell up, twice as long as the Navy believes penni~sible, From II. low allltude, -1.1 pilol would hit the waunil. befnre his chute opened fully, Otherdisadv~lJtages @r the B&-foOE riblaou chute design were. t~tlt it was tO("l bull .., and heavy" its construction Wi'I!> eornplicaeed, ) ~tnd the rib'btms wria kled mid failed when packed tor a tim' or under mol'lt conditions. 'I'heNavy is borrowing its good features and adapting them tl'l olj!er ide!L.'l of parachute construction, it 11.lok.,now n~ though tho. ehute o[ the luture, worn by man or attached to l1is "escape capsule" may have vents' around t1uOl lop. wi tIl eavers Lhal would te,a.r 0.1:1' nr otherwise allow air escspemeut if used :1t high speeds, It mny have whole secticns removed or scams felt unsewed, A.lluthet iden utUng investigated is tCI have undrawn nylon rhA!n;, shrouds or ~'huLcCIlI)Up)' whidl wonldstl'etch as muoh as Ihle times its normnl length under stress. The trouble with this material to dale is tbI~t under test it shows unpredictable clHll'lIcteri~lic~ and snaps under inaist atr ccn.uitkms. i( the ~y!(~n could be- adapted to parachutes, it WOll[-a have a double value, In addition td sb:etch ing greatly to spmnd the opoi'Jl:ing shoe", welllat:erilll alsn would become more porous wli'efi uxteruJad. Air--esea:pc" ment was found te be It) limes-as great when stretched. It does out "re:bol.l£ld" into shape ngaln like rubber and its stretching is unpredictable :tuu sOtnellmes uneven .in difFerent dlreetimrs. Another proposal is to incorporate rubber in parachutes. the.ll: risers or shroud lines, Ruhller, howevc'r, becomes brittle in colo temperatur~s and loses some of itselru;ticjty. Future Hying nt frigid 40.000 ~(jot levels would complicate- its use,

T

or

, to parachute slow down flight, similar BtheVought useddevelop aCermans totolund their :speedy jetsin an short runto idea by the
R pilUle

uAEm has a projeet set up wllh Piuneer Parachute Co., and Ohunce-

w!'!ys. The Nazls came iu at steep urlg!es, bro;ke out th~b)i1 chute (see rJhQtoJ pg. 2) ~U1dslowed themselves down so they could tauu at about 150 mph. Suc.h'a proposal might be used In slew a plane dow!] so Ihe_ pUotcpuld bailout or be ejected. B.24 crews in EngJalJd. coming in with crippLed lanCling gear. used personnel chutes to !lch~eve slower landing speeds,
I;,X'P>ERIMf1N1"A:LC:I-iU·TE_ TV.(O ~P"RIMENT"'.L JUMPER SHOWS 8Y O.OOD F'OR:M' :!N CON,TRQI.LE'C! 'U!,UT Lfl."'!' TO TEST AIR ESC:AP:EM:ENT TJlROUQH C'H'UTE'S CANOPY

,CHIUT!'5

TESTED

LAKEHURST

PARACHUTE

HO,"ES

UnitrTestsL 41 Ideas 'or New Parachutes To Save Lives of Speedy Jet Plane 'ilots
and 50 rneu attached. In its laboratories lind workshops. all manner \11- tests ,UJd experiments tire made, Th" Unit hus tried oucd l dtflerent kinds 01 parachutes 01' ImlcHu£.:'Jtjol1S 10 try In nnd tbe answer 10 high speed flight. Under 1!J~ he<lLliIJg uI vent-type puraclrutes at!'! those witl, veul slits. pallel vents, slll!,-dosil1g vents, oircular vents, mesh flllIwls 01"SOtl~S, missing gores, missing v Tits. oversize main vents closed by elastic, multiple vents aml blow-out vents, All are designed with the id 1\ rd cushioning the initio] shock when a paraohut npem ill II terrific wind. Three rtl.!Jl),,·lyp' "hHWS ,US(, were iII esti_gal d. tile W:1ko -nd Kostclct.sk. models aud a C. '. design with lntitudt nat ribI )OIlS s t n~ lin :lIIg1 Itke un r idelil of a wing. OWu:!!' ide,ls were tried. One chute had a. highly pu)'t)LlS peak to let air e5e'lpe. Others had variable pcrositv peaks Ihritt stretch under pl'eNscllrt', O( elastic gore». Some shroud
JiIl"S

C

E:'I:TEH

meIJtHI Uult at

uf BuAI:;R's proO'ram . Ihe Puraehnte ExperiAS LAKEHUl1ST. The unit h. Ii 10 officers

or risers

were

made

ul elastic

rnateriul

or undrawn

nylon. Chutes carne ill the shape of enes, baseballs, triun zles, IlJLe.s, squids, with multiple or cullapslng canopies, One was u "squid ding" chute \1 Lose callopy collapsed partially ai high speeds with r~snlting loss of drag, Some chutes hrld hesitatur eanoptes which deployed first. slowing luwn the jumper before the main chute W!lS In :oded. There 1S tl wide difl'erell(:e (If opinil11l ns to what tl1e Bnal high speed pantchute will lie like. or how It will be used.
A t this time, some
{l

uH'lOJiti es contend

that lliers must hn VB

two chutes, (me rnr hJgh speed Us€ nrul (me Ior low-altitude, low-speed use, The prescnt frend ~)r LhoughL in BuAEn. is that it m~l)' be possiblo tp prtfet't I1I1Bpnr"d,utc for both
J,jgh ,llJd low speed wmk> uurl mnst experiJnGmts are car-

STAl'IOARD

U.S.

C~UTE

IS SIVIA1..L 8£SII)E

A GERMAN

!tlBaON

TYPE

ried tJlIL , ith this J?0ssibility in mind, Tho final parachute prohjthJy will iucorporutc jlJlJhddmlL feature.'; Imn sever, I dHt' rent designs or cunoples. The P;uacblltc Experirn ntal Unit has many laboratories and wnrkshnps to rio research 1111 it ideas. A tensile testing machlno shows raln·i.e strength, aoother indicates perrncubility DE cloths to determine how much leakage .01 .rir {>,xL~t~.Porous doHI Wllich permits uir to sieve through gives less opeuiug slluck. TIle uult !lL~ohas machines for
burst ptessure testing and :!Jiatlo und dynamfe }r.ladiog

Abers. II is equipped to give I':lJP 11aradmte researcher hoiHtie.~ for testing element at chute desIgn. such us .spllces, seams, gluf·d jnints, eombluntions of weaving and fn hries, find elre<..>tsuf mildew, rnnistnre, drying and wear. hOf:ltOry gi to -pl\otograpl1ic (,r chute is aid d t, P work beenus 1. (he huwtitming of the oauopy under hi~h speed movies-showing
AllT

of

OF' the

is 511(: ress

I('U

I Vel"

l:e~Lillg

l>igh altitudes and speeds, Chief Macruuisl John Ceary tit the unit developed a 250lb. bomb-type dummy fnr lrs.li1lg clrrrres at high sp",e{]s with .HI ~·!tv. DI'Ol}pcJ like a ~lnmb. lhe mil shears o IT, releasillg 1111'uhute of cOI1\'eJ)tJoIl1.l1 type with top cut out {lnd II
heavy

purnus

material

inserted.

'fh

is

enubles

opening

shock

r() he kept to r ri Cs, It bas worked up ti> 50U mph. As :1 safety device, rill urmillg wire is ineerperated
release

wbidl

timing device, developed by the Untt, is incorporated. [t permit I' leas!" "f the can py at- any pre-determined tim ulrer th bomb Is released. Pm sped;,] tests a movie canrera is attached to phntogrsph the deploymen! ana operation nf Ih(' ~tlOpy. A tt'ilsinmi!l¢l', giving magnil:ude of o'p~g
• RIBBON CHUTE FALILS so FAST

the cannpy ill l~_I e of PI' mutnr _ upeninO', thus ptewlJ!illg nlly drag 011rho plMc or test homh, A hydraulic

PILOT

RISKS

SERIOUS

I"'JURIES

shuuks ulid thell' rlurnl included.

lOll

~II

seceruls

[loll In"'l..tioHs~ .!isu is .

nl

:rlir,11Q tJlIZodl1iJ1('); ill"1~ II:> ,(1 ('Y the Unit tn measure rate dCK0enL and nsclllnt illli Ill" !~sf ehures, ,\ llurd ue f01'
j,

~lhotOgl'llflllY
luhlir'S,
:1

1<.

Ink,'

pl'iliit

"IIOIIIY

ill ('lo!!1 In tropic

l'I>IIJ\' fI11l'wgmp'hs 'II mildew ureus,

011

'<; L111i1 hJ1l uu /:!5-foot "wlnrl lower" in whic!1 L a put'ked dlllt(_" (TUl be 1\ hided ul sp('('d~ lip to ;JUO mph. and the ,..llLU1); I'di Ui ,J h(JJn lilt' pack, Thla permits llCllllom!C<ltl t~'~tiJlg 1\1 <luy kind or wenthcr when Hy.i.llg is not leasible. LOll rolled Ll.ltU lull plmltl~ ellll he serurerl, . There atE' worksllo]]s to prodllCB high grad - to:>t~ngde vioes, (l'st st:lIId~, rC'[llw.:onlOnt l):u·ts and mn<':~llpl> nl wnrkiug pumehure TIl,),jtlls, Much has to l.e d('ILlmln TOugh

T .>\KFMUTLS'I

NAZI

'VIPER'

HAD

CHUTE

I'" TAIl."

NOSE

SECTION

JETTISO.NABLE

~ke~('IHls

A lilltrll.'~llllp lirls.n II killds or machines thlll can H'" leather. e,H]\'HS. 'silk ()I' 11\1!trll, Seule Illodll'ls as well as Iullsv'lltl dlilles 1m' l' III h· ';Iad,' ro LJ·} out dHfcn.mt shapes unci
idolls
'\11

,md

wlal

III"tr1l\'lhlll~

from

paraGlllLte cnginecl"s.

FIlm

ul dummies, lUI ~ll\\ 1(11' dummies dropped [nun tlu: boml, IJIl , uwl tht' I' HI. r Jr high slll'ed WOI'~. Ii'l.ighl." Me mud; to test III' !!I,\IIt'S uillrer service conditions. ParuchntiLl'ukes lur rhlll,e~ must he released, IVl;'fl'cl and r(~h·,IN.;,d. 'perlal 11t'1),ll'uh IS [II 11If':I,'lll'l' ~hod. nl OpOllilig IWi! otlwi dill! !llll!>l b' urstullcd. Because usiill iuu ill Llll' Inturc j" loukill).( luwnrcl hil!.1! .rltitu lit Ilyiil!:\ H \1'1;'11 LI, 11tgll JilW(!d~, IlIf" Unit Iound ~if I'~I l"lIllp~~r('J by !'lIe l'OlllpLII'Il~iv('ly lhkkl\ 'M,ttl,u countrysidl' ,((:(llllld Lukelurrst. Slep' al'~ lwillg hlJ..E'lI ll1 at'(juiJ(' 111l'" nhl oil' ,~tillilill ;II HI ,~)ulJ'(j, where desert lanrl uffords lnt If rooru willi IILl d'IJIg·" I)f droppiug ..200-111. dnrnmi \ 1111tllP pi l , ill If' 101')i1l....S phlypen. · Tire ! )c.:ali"ll HI EJ Ceutru uisli lUIS t{)P()~l1Iplry nearby which 1('lItls il~olf h' ~'twilltrlldjoll of u high speed liorizontal I!;llLl 1)1' oatl1!J,IIL II hk·11 CUll. lire dummies willi 1:_l1lHl(.:hntos
lOH'r II

cunsl I'Iidiuli. uircra·il ,tn· 1Il>~d I,.\' tlw wlil III t('sf ilS 1}(lr:lI·hlllr-s. IliID-j is ll~\·d for live jlllflP:>. a r-v-z nr multiple drop);

(il'

senreh for l1igh r speeds, object to ullything that tccplirt'ls n bigger Fuse-lag . i.. 200-pound TIUIl ralls 26 rl:'.(~t a :;I',~o]jd in ,l 2:!-fuut ehut Illltl 4,-; feet iJi .1 rlhhoJl'ln)C l'hult!. If he were to bail Ollt und rail In." his body sp ed would range <Ill th
lVuy from 100 miles 1111 hour to 225. depend illg till linposHinn of hi body urd t lre \ Iud resistuuce 01 his lIppaI'd. hi It 'l~ltlc1(1l'cl dlute. he hills ,li' aboul 18 miles uu 1.11111'.
S."uLL dl'l)b'1J~ uhule.

which UHlV fiJ1(1 wide- usc ill high . spe~tI h;d~ollt~. is nn! Slid, ;~ \', IIIHn\('ti\H1 problem <I:> lhe larger lih'-~:Ivi'fl! l')I(l[('. !'>ill-lihu ('IlIllll"'ie~ were usC'd \-.hliillg he war to Sft)1V the lall of uuriul milles (~t'(' l!lmro Iwlow), to sb\hi1izft tllli'm .urd P""'\'I"III IISdlla:tloli. 11.~f'd(ll .5tuhillZG the sent H~l·r1ill Ilw Gr~l live ejection mad!' I Will a JfH h. Hlf' Lakehurst ell II!.' unit {. ";::w~. Dec. 1£)04{1) , This sill!'111chute pl1llo:d nut he large :2,8-lmlt 11m' .utached to the Ilwn s ~l'ltt TWil dlllti'.s. Ii ~""It ,l11d elresl

A

,\ 1\ o-rn.ot droglle

with

1\

~L';AJII:h louie:

in

the top

'WIIS

rYre~. were uttaehed In ~11l' Illilll lor Sit!ely

IIS(',

The ejec-

tion sent d rule ~n\s to Im.!\'c II1 It [rnrn hc>iug:- damaged, . lht!\Jm is l: iTl1{iucriw.- till:' idu.'l )1 ,tli:lwhhl_g .1 chute (lilly
'I) UIl~ 5 111 .md "ot 1111 lite mHU, Tills would tCSSClI th· t'Jpo?uillg shock by ~prcucli'lg 1t UVI.'l'the seal. anel shoulder strap urea rathe. th1tn 1:'1 jllst the ('hull' harness straps IIll the pilot's hod)'. A shoulder hllnu·s!. ulid J p belt would hold tho man In the S0:.I1 :-Jilri lu' wOlllrl j'ldr' it dnwn, 'l'obntly has 'ver l,jtlimecl Uj.IL par.ichutes ar .It1O pl'rt'l!llt ,/I(>l'Ii e in geWlig (overy pil(Jl clown to earth a live_ J[ they could be used Imdvl' ideal ('o,.tn>lll::<1 con Irtfmns. like ,u.iullollPI; ha1lrug (lilt tn II {llJl:tlparlllil tlI Blow. strajgh~alld. 1r-vel (ljght. fe" would gc't killed, Flight safety records show olily 2/ HI It[ 1% 1)1 til' men '" ho hailed (lilt (Ill rlJig the W,II' ill thj~ manner wert' casualties. Thtl ItA plane has ul'ri\'cd but snch things us pilot safety eRnie)' opera titu1S, fj.thtll1~ hi (res lInd thl' l~fl' ,ti'l' still in the Ulillki'llg; i'l.lId rl1'se:uch stage JOI' the most [lart. Tmlay's i·t pilots fi, their sl ck 11. rial steeds \.\'il11 ('rossed :fillgers.
OTHER P",OTOS SHOW 00.0 A.A.F. DESIGNS OF NAZI SCIENTISTS

i\C~\ wind tunnels will be utilized where necesaugn1 '11.1 Jilbdratory t(>~ling 10 lirniunte potenli[1I l uil ures Iwrme tl1l'Y reach the f1ighl.lesting stng~, '\s the chart IJII tin') preceding IJo.g ilidicHles. tit larzer Ill-t' ptll'adwlt' (':tnl1py. the sl(lWer it fal IS-II ntil YOLI get ill 1,[1(' rlhbou-eliutc class, ",1I1<.'hJets air slip tll'l'Ough it at a '!!I'cnl rate. Ther L~ J 1Il ftldt·a·secQud difference in the nUe of de -ent I etween a 36-foot and II 22- (Jut [Jara ihute, ThaL is a I.ot. 0.1' cliJ.F~l'cnce. cnollgh to save a brokell Jeg, 1mt oth8'r thin~s enter itl. The big cb llte is totl hl11ky to \!I.'t in~ Ie II sn1n,1l cockpit and <lirpliwe d(l~igtlcrs, ,In Llrei,

Armv

·lill mlllt'!' ('Illill't)llcd conditions. This wnv movies cuu ile mnrlo nt till' r-nl ire operation tl see how c-1wt{' IllUt'iulll~ ,mi! what its weak points 11l'1.!.. E;xisling; NUIl)'_

Ule

'il/,/ to

.Im] ,

CHUTE

ON l\'IlNE

iLEJ'T)

MIGHT

SLOW

FlsTORE

PILOT'S

'ESCAPE.

CAPSULE'i

F4U·4 Handbook Troubles
Records mdioate that quite a. few pilots do not know the proper procedure for the emergency I:u.dmg gear extension. 'It is rea.d.ily apparen~ mat pilots have eith r forgotten what they learned or perhaps never read the Pilot' Handbook On the F4 '4, parf'W4

"\

,

controls 0 er to his Rrst pilot and retired to 11 bunk. few minutes I. ter the tint pilat got ou C:)f the seat to get III bowl of soup. lwrviug a r latively WeA-prieneed copilot at the

ward and 'ked the cepilot if he cared f 01' ~ n soup. He 'aid that he cUd n r and in his own words: HcuJarLy section 1, pa.ragr.apll 7 011 the "Joust tllen the orderly tapped me hy~aIL]jc system, and section 4. _paraand pointed out a cloud ahead that we gfa;ph lB OJ). Erner en y Operati n were about to go into. I immedill ely Instructions, took th plane! uff the automatic pllot and made a slight bank to tb right In mergencies too many pilots are Rrst I;l!ying the hand pump instead of 10 avoid t1 e cloud ... Seeing that I could nut nvoul it 1 litraightened the llSing the CO! botl'l to extend the plane and eas d bac the thn')ttle landing gear. H the CO~ bottle is tf) 20 inches of manifold pressure. ~o~ated, subsequent to mel! an at~eD_lpt The turbulence was slight for the first J[ l$,PO SIblefor beth the oar bon dio. d. teu seconds and T pulled back on the gas und any r0maining hydraulic £fwd yoke to slow the airspeed down to to b ~ xhausted over the side and the between 170 and 180 {PH. The pi10t w1]1 never h ahle tn extend and lock his gent_ turbulence became very severe fur about ~ seconds and then there was a • Cr-lDnpQIV Pel/i6om. s(1)'s: violent downdraft ... I did not have ~l Looks like an epidetnic: of forget. my safety belt fastened. When th~ rllln~ which. is common to pilotli who ·plane hit Ilie downdraft: r lefl the I.anding g"ar~ tly the. same plarw so long thar they seat and my head hit the ceHing. I A) Reduce ~peed 10 110 kno(~. ('This forget what 10 do in emergencies or ['ait Holdiug onto the yoke and watching is ~'eT')1 imporl-a.nt.) to bring themselves up to date OJ] UC'W the i:rlstJ.1.rment$ all the time I did not 1»1 ReJ".. se CO~. peeeedures, p. rh!lp~50meoflhcsepiJol$ (el Reduce speed to 90 kt10ts while n tiee any rolling of the plane. 1.116 never did now. It is possible, bdiev.e the- landing gea~ is eUending. rate of climb which was reading 2 000 me! (01 In C!cventcCO.bottle does not fuU)!, feet per minute lip when We hit the I lUll willing 10 bet that during most IQc,k landing gear down, the hand downdraft weut to 5.000 feet per minemergencies some or all of thesepiJot~ pump n,ay be used, wj.sh~d they had reviewed their handbooks IJte dewu, The entire turbulence did (Ii) H the above operaLion has b~ or had thl!ll:l along. Actually carrying a II t last over 30 eeonds, 5U ce.ssfuUy complered, r/l<:nwe handbo,,"k is m.p1'lldi«1, bCntust', tbe . Of the 213passengers and crew memhand pump Ol~y be usedlCl 1'1:.pilot has his baeds {ult in an emergoocy. hers aboard. II were injured. The land th wing: !laps_ Moreover he seldom bl1s time to leek up plane commander after his rude awakAll thesc [acts are in the 'F4U·4 W nnswers, H" should know ahead of PilOI'S Handbook and should be tboreugheninv checked on the condition of .time me bl procedures for -any emergen,cy. Iy Learned, tJJe n.ircrnl't aud pas enzers and deWell. bere', .seme good info taken Those of yOlI "'D" d,eck out 1'14U-4 cided tbtlt the flight corifd safely 000rj~l from the bandbcok mat all F4U-4 pHots should pllt more t'mpha~i:s on 'this tinue to Kwajalem, A numb r of the pilOf~ should digest. ~'h lS wrong fO use . the h",od pUl:l1p I1rst because ;1: ,dr","w$ part of yOUl' in.'l):rlJ.:<lion_ passengers whose injuries were serieus Mamtlmancep","sonneI bonld cbeck fluid hom the bolt m of the h ,draulic were apparently llIFermg from shock CO, OOLtlu more- hequ.eJ:uly beeouse quit." rl.1lH!fV01r, ...her~:tli rhe l'ngriue draws fluid and dld not r ultzo the extent of their feew faulty bOld have 1> n reported hom the hajj gallon level. If the failllr'e injuries when they were questioned by in recent months. of the hydr<luli" JIll.. ha:o p""milted all the p]1Ule C( mmander, About three. -fluid n",wabre to til o:ngiOCl-driVl!Il Plunjl hours Inter rncrphine was ~drrrin!stered A Roogh One! to be pUlIlped everboard, yaLl" one-half to those ln S vere pain, Kwajalein was ga1l0tl reserve rcltl.fi.ining in We bottom It was a clear UIOl'lfllight night and n0tified ay radio that there were inof UUL tC!l!rvoir i" lruflkient fnr (me upe1'a' the R5v Plane ommauder turns 1 the lion each. of wing flaps. co, I flap"," and [ured paS.'iEmgers aboard the Hight and gU:Q cbatging by U5 . ef the hand pump. , doctor and ambulance were standing The one·h:df gallon reserve is not st;:LfflAttentIon SB2C-4 Pilob hy when the plane completed the ,eight. ciant fgr- fullextensioq of landing gear pace JiTIIHalilills prevent printLout flight From Guam. so that if the loss of fluid -is the cause oJ ing an I!rtjd.~ on recent aecidents emergeacy landiltlg gear extension the in the !ill'! -4J. c used b)' IDII1fu:IlOpifot will be reqUIred to use !he CO.., bottle aD~ay and the depletion oiI the
katE galloll rl!lerve jlreclude-, the epeearion eorrect _procedure extel1.1ion of the til;l1Uog of the flaps. Jm±i~tiom; are Instrnctiens in SU2C-SBF-snw Ai:rlJroiL Bulletins os. 289 a:ncl 246 are not bednz followed. Read ~ Grmflpaw P~uibl.me S4')15;

eontrols,

The 1light orderly

came

for-

that

of 'WIng flaps. Bi:ie.fl·y, here is tb (0 use for emergency

these and live longer.

III(,\':~ g me j <l1f, eh, fellows? It's a might)' good idea to: have your ....felY belt fa.tenoo 3~ all tUll.e5 when. you'"e at thee controls aud [bere ian"! much exCUSe (Ot flying thtougb a cloud on ..

6

Bestrictecl

bright moonlight night without warning the pa.~5 ngers to fnst ... th if". (0 rhis .. .n case ~I,y om' pnueQgu had hi safety belt Ol]~ and the injuri(!S 10 the others. which consisted for the mon part scalp and Iwad lacerations would have boon mlnlmued if aJl had been instruct d t secure their belts before th plnn' enrered lhe cloud. In the imeresr of accu ..ate navigation it i::m't tn'ncticaltodod.ge ever)' d_ouil e.tJcoUl'lt",red, hut I guess you EdJo"',. will mink twice ne-Xt time you meet a ve.,ncaJly developed clond which could be -ean!)' avoid ed. This type or doud packs .a big wallop. Dodge 'I'm if )'0\1 cart and .f Y'lU •. e thai e you =11'( go over, under Bt around such a elnud, be ~ure !Q enter it in. st!:'!tigb.t lind level flight and reduce speed lilt the lirst sign of turbulenee, P.S. A a remit of this. aceid"nl Commander Nav,af Air Transport ServlCoC has peomulgated an order I!equiring pilot" to k~p Ibelt .uJety bellS o,n llnd ~eC"lH'e.ly fa5to~ed whenever "n duty jI! the fUghc ctmtr..,ls of .a NATS aiJ!<:1'ah.

or

However, an pilot who IIi an F4 should .know the correct recovery Pl'O""· dures fot both types of -J_piul. Read Technjca] Note No. 2046. A~ one P4U pilot puc it: , It's worth readln even It only I1.v~ one lif_panieularl if it happens to be olin.e ."

JRB parked in [rout the boilwug. 5. sl1ffered major damage to right wing. ·O\vluJj;!;. propeller, tail and engine.

r

"r

ir

What a day! Tliis meo!han.ic did qUllea Job. He said (he br-nkcs were on. bur 1 kind of wonder about mat. Th.if cpisQde reminds me 01 a bull in " china shop. The pklute shows tb3L he met one 100I 'Toro, blnlll¢(f.

"'--.J

~.

Grnm/1f17J' Pd.ljboue

says:

"Dear Gtampow Pettibone
until recclll1y had no planes or' the f.1(,jliUes ttl mahrtain !lircraft. Now we

"We ate

all

Ail' COlluoL Croup \ hich

ha e one plane assigned to ow' group whidl does pnw.ide £Ii ht time for Some o the w Illy Naval Aviators as itrued. s fa]' as this plane is concerned we

Rough Ri;der
11 rainy duy 11 meehan C IVa' 'b1isLly lll1f>a~edU; "ehe 'king the mags" of lUI

F4U Inverted Spins
A gnmp III [our FO:",,'S wer Oil an .Iudwr-bed division tactics Hjght. Near
,0

put 11,· plane in CUJuUl.l1 lormalioll and performed some ac:r baties. While :Itt ITIpting an Immelman at about ] 1,000 f(·{\t, the number three plane lost
,I jl

rho ann of the

f)('1'lod

the Hight

leader

picture.
lwad

cockpit t!J watch the t,lcllQmeter "Iosely, The next time IH~Junked 111', h was jJJ a dill'&etlt spot in the line, and he was confronted with the sign in the above
Whil> thi
U[l\YTI. be

'NJ. s he was "revving up" the eng;iuc. he tuck hh head down into the

pilnls who fry i{ to insure that Ihey are competent. .• other enses, wl.er In Ill' pilots fiy .1it'Nail belunging tu ether ot,gaulzations we believe it should be the responsiout

.1SSU1lle

an

the rc!>porl.~lbility for checkjng

inverted spin. TIJe pilot attempted to for or six tnrns and being lIDSU -cessful, bailed out as the plane :pUII the -OOO-foot mark. HI' did not jettison his canopy and a
1'6CUVUl'

speerl

;1 t

the: rep and fell off

in

an

uv

rase

II fl'Sltlt

his lelr arm (!"Om 'contact \vith the f'flllOpy while disengaging himself from the plane. The pilots' parachute opened

snffered minor ubrasious

QII

promptly, vhile th plane eontimred t, spin £01" about three more turns and
went into a diving spiral and crushed into the ground n~ an nngle about (30 degrees.

then

distinct trail among. planes nnd bllHdit Igs h)cl~tea OTJor n ur the lin, ee lite pi ·llIre. Here's the Iist vf l1am:tge don: J. HIght wing of NJ lipped windshieltl (If (IUe jeep. whi 11 ·:lll.~ecl ph(LlD to swerve .10 the right. 2. night wing und prnpeller tips struck open tion bllilcurig, CHusirJ!!, th N J tt) gl'OluHl loop viol ctly, 3. Then left -wjn~ truck Ilpel'uUIlllS 1111n el illg.
l~

blazed a

meohank- hs d his
marked und

lhe orgMizatioI) bavI11_g the airoraftto check the pilots out. We thought we could p:rove thls by reference to the BI(A~r Man-UIlZ bnr have not been abl to Ilnd it in \Vl'iting. In NaoaZ AviatiOIi ~etV$ 1 February 11:145 and 15 June ]945 you say the Commandiug Officer is responsible, Iml after CllTemTIy checkjug all yom' Ierences we still can't det nnin which Commanding Officer is responsible, the one the planes belong tn or the one- the pilots beloag to. "Assistant Operations Officer"

bility of the Commanding

Officer of

"'-1
inc

~

Crampaw Pettibone sa)l~: Yentre dJht. It is the CQIDmand· OffiCI!-!: of lh' llnit to which the

or
~

t. The SNI's toil il,fliet~cl 1Utl.):tt! In wing ;IIIU oowlin

minor nt DUe
t

GE(Jt1Ilut!V

PCJliFuJIIC

JI1

s:

-.~ UnforlLmatelr, tbis pilot bad not rend Technicnl NOI-I' NQ. 20~46 on Spin Rl!C(}v y Cbaeacreeistics. .... in the P4U. He WM nttrl(:hed to a squadron op~~~lng in Chtml 8DiJ thIS Technical NOle WgS n_at reeivro until a lew days accident, Had _ru, been famnia ... with the Pl"OIH'" recovuy procedures, he wonld have pulled 1.;5 throttle and RPM contrcls baek as seen a$ he fo;alized that he walt 10 an ;1"veered 5pin. HI" would in aU ptobabi[jty hllve1fe"ted a quick recovery, Em' flight ,I stS ""ve demonstl!llted that it i dillicull. if nor impossibfe, fo t'h«'r ail to erted ~pi" in an F4lT • c.;pt at high power setlings. These same 1.llsts showed Ihat willI" the p11l1H1 wculdapin 10 the right, in",ened 81iin,. to ih lert could net be indu_e.;d even with .high power sel1;ng.,_ Volunta!'y spiu~. either n01:"l11al or ill' vcrled ate prohibited _in the P4U because

GRAMPAW'5 SAFETY QUIZ

~t!~

lBt;1i'"

am.. me

I. If you are lest and heed wi tb a forced'" r'>$trull'lent I·t 00"'0 over terrain you do not ddi-nltely know, what should you do? 2" When pul.ling a ,propeller through by band pr-io..- losr.llt'ting 1m engine, in whi_ch dlrection ~hould It Gc ro~ted? • 0.11. Ulk_coJI when the hori-zon is ob-

planes aee attached who is rl\Spon~ible (O~ """wing that p llors are thoroug1lly quali· fied hefore th.ey are permirted to fly !!.II,), akernft. Althongb he norJruj.Jly will d legate. this responsibility to hiS Operations Officer the primary resp ns-ibllity r(!llts with him as Commonding Ojficee of the unit to which th" planes .. re auached, I don t fMnl< you looked 100 lhQronghiy in the> BuA" ... MtUlla31 for th" The paragmpl qUOted below i (rom Clraprer VI. ecaon 1, 1\1'1. 6-1<13 of the Manual of lhe l1ruteau of A erona uric . :

on''''IlX.

"CO:MMAND OF AIRCRAPT-(al No alrcrnft will be taken into the IIJr at IIny rime without authoritY rtom th
ptop r ~ourC"<' as
Officer

de»iga.Jteol
of the-

b)·
Imil

tb"
10

~cured pY darkness or overcast, whilt if
the !iafe5t _pro(tedul'e~

()f",nam/i.).g-

",Ilk"

the ;J;r(Ta/l

;$ aJt<1cheJ:'
TOMBSTONE

on civil aitwaY5-, at what -altitude )-'I>U fly when hl!.'1dJng: fal East. (b) West. (c Norm. Id) Snufu"! ,.. Tf necessary 10 bail out in B spin; in which direction should you leave the oc~pi!? Why? f. Whih·
:U1QUIl:l

l!~nC!llll

Wri~hl W Il_<!;le d~rtm""
hoc! fligll!.
'lOW

lhi!

fWIlt;

111:$ ;ElUip

called
f~

for

t:(jn-

of the high c~luraL mrces which Ill.ay be.
r"qui~ed Jtl'$tt/ei! for recovery. (T.O. 67-45.)

(Ails wen

011

'0-ge 4tH

A.u]

He rei t toO proud
i:tclIlIJd.

tum ;trollnd be-", .!b' reel under.

7

Ronne
:Scie,lItlds

Expedition
T"Ire Three

Heads
tight

South
Plttllcs

Air Group Quiz Features
Question

Gramp

Tlnee

li!,!;ht ;,irplanlJ>;

will be 'used

hI' Crllll muuder riJIIJ Hom I 's !\ 11 taretie Expe(liti()J1 now en runte to the south pnlur fl!gftm. These plH'l1'oS include a

B~ccbcr:iJt
1.-;;

I "',64

S(!IIUlleL

:\il1r/;~"'''I1''•.. nJ
Antarctic

C-4.'l

Kt}Jedil!ll'.
II

,I • orthrcp 'ol1!>lllidnt d

Mi. who served in the la\'}' fluting the last war with tile rnnk u[ cornmandcr. 1111$plIrtidp!lted in twn previIlllS (':\velUtiIJllS to the Anturctic, Ilis grr)llp nl .22 esplorers nnd sci,'11(181,5 pJItU .L 14·ml)llths ~Lu\, iu tIte _\nt;Lrctic. TlJfJ ('xpeUiliori wiil pel1D11 i . vessel to be Irnzen in the- ice p. {'1< (luting Ilw intenselv l'uld Anllm:tic: winter, Th grollp l~;\ipe(.'lsrn conduct various t) p of rr-searrlr indndirJg ;J study oj' cn,~I'ni raw r"1' the Hm'!ol nt'· sen 1"e11 Fouudution.
.... merican Assoeiutiun.
n!1tllll:,

The expedition is- spnusored

by tL ~

integmted

Come- 'rom .Avjotioll .News _\CAG-J-What is t1le KnI1sfU<l11 unrnbel'? ",IUll)' lUI esperlenced pilot was .~f'IOJl to scratch his head und take 0second look when they encounter d questions such as the abuve on a recent It'st adrnjni te-n~d h>' Ail" Crol1p OHt~. The rt1uz, u purt 01 the gl"llup'~ closely

training prog

I'R III ,

consisted

Hellcat
Marine

Firs1
Flyer cockpit

to

Eject
H.lt

Pilot
Silt

Involuntarily

Acoidcmally,
Ire rn the

Marines
nv[F-21

Escape China's
to
>

Winter'
Pradice

SqllCldro.1I Goes Long Way

UlN,\-As \~iJitcr

t'1)!d hrenlh aCI'(l.S~ Ihe- Grelll ~orth China. pilots and rnen of this SIJll(UlrOIi enjoyed a 3-weeks' respite from the icy hla!it~ hy goinJ~ tn Tsing-

wsn rota

blew Its

f"6f' in Decemh r HJ4:3, Marin Lt. G. C. Caningtoll claims the doubt-ful honor of being the Brst !IIav)' pilot to experienc:e sent ejection, Carrington was left flat nu his IitH.:k ~t -20.000 FeN \Villi JI,I airpJalle 1\'11(111 his llellcat broke up at high speed al'tel a p:rok!nged dive fJV€I' Barber's Pt. T,l-I. After r~\I,ling of the J\'av) '. recent seat ejection tests ill rue December. issue of NANE·Ws:.. Olrrington wrote in to tell of his lllH}ff:icilll l>u~ thrillilJg experi-

uurl luckily. ejected of a di5iut.egraLi.llg

rnainlv of the type of questions that make III pilot renlize- tJ 1<11 LIl Jlgs ~eanjed f i:lJ [millIng often beeoroe hllZy in the brightest of minds. and in some cases :we fqrgnttell e.11 rely, t-i

The question
hints If. whose

main

was the
gaLecl b,

A

were selected by CA source of s"PI)ly W$ • aIel Quiz InstiHowe
CI',

one C. Pettibone,

enc .

tao lorunucr ruiog und operations with eventh FIGd units, Weather there proved halmy and jHvig(:)ra!in~ alld ideal fnr gunnery wor k, g;» tensi ve j1£eparl.!. ti ous were

story

allowing the plan

He estimates lhat h was tUrI)Wll cl ar u[ the plane ,il.· speed of more than 600 mph. after the [-ailsection broke ofl,

r0 lIo ws ;

t(1

scmersault. His

variou other subject.... were met)rporated, such as ship-boarel insp6ctioIl$, deck and integrity wntdl standing, tlnd other daily squadron r sppnsibililieB. Many of the questlons led to long, loud. .md, oE course. wluahle tie.bates. AftiJ'F grndill g, the tests were returned and each individual question discussed freely, It is strongly felt that whtle an over-all survey of pilot aptitude was attroned.the indivicrlMl pi) I profited even more, and since questiens pertainrllg to Naval aviation are absolutely limitless, additional quizzes are being planned.

lltld

made

from a strange field on which only 11 transport squndron
1v operate is based.

for the

trip,. Inasmuch

as we

r l~l'tPrs. Plane had tf) he flowu hack to Peiping Ior checls, hut ill Spit ()f th se prohlems plane HvallabiUtv ncr 1 11 b('lI(JW 75%. Arnrnunition. banners.

r

with no rnaintennuca

f{wilities

and

litlwugtaphfc

ink

fl,r p,tint,ing

th

l'ound~ had to be secured. The latter proved a diA'ioolt item to obtain in Chinl\. Each pilot Ilew several dummy gnuJlery hops, inc1udling camera gun firing. followed hy II; minimum of five. actual firing fljrrhLs hefore lihQoting
£01' quulillcaliOlI.

VMF- 211, CEllNA-A~1 1JM.nticipatea reversion to wartime conditions was experienced by trussqlladrol1 wben an e-Xplo~jan of five t ns of dynamite at a hinese ammunition dump. sent rocks and a'bcis flying over the ajr6eld where the squadron planes were OpID'llti:ng. The only damage to planes resulted ~eclltaud r lUll] !lot parted canlPJlnV, Hl'- when a Large rook crashed through the leuse nf \1l1!! saJl'lty b It and shonldeJ h!\-1'"- .moE of the hangUl' where one plane was being repaired. The rook landed IW$S nllowed thll- caMpy to blossom.
1'he_ 'F6r broke up at::U:(lwld 20jOOO nnd the chute .opened at ei~ht or 10,000. I landed il1 the water orr shere wnere I was pic'ked up by un anti-sub patro] ship whjd~ Wl!S nearby. 1 believethal being thrown our .in the seat enabled me to withstand the t ITflic

The- plane- which 1 wus flying would Dot recover Irorn a dive nt' high altitude du. tn ,.'omprcssihi1Jty and consequently it broke tip at h~gb spe(.~l. Aft!'! feeling W1e impllL1" of h.ittl:og the e(U10rY and air stream. I found myself in mid-air and ["II for 11 considerable dlstan e. 1 tried to get my chut open nrt could hot Sit eeed. Aft(!! I h d pulled the rip cord, I attempted to release the I_lilQl chute by hand and discovered that the

Blast

Routs

Shivef'ing

Marines
One
prCllntt

C;hlno A.mma D.fl",p Dc:tmCll9'c~

a

I{fl\)(

feet From the f-olded
into pieces
011

and burst

averaging ,9,% hits f r record and 4.7 fol' tile overall 1lring mark. Minimum qu.nliUl':ll'ioll core \V{lS 5%. Operations with tilt'- fleet lUlitSinduded Gel. tmfing towed spars, simulated dive bnmbing;. glide bomhlnz ,!TId low 1f'vel attacks un surface v("Meis. 8

All pilots

qualifletl.

force of the. ir flow whioh tore off helmet,

gloves. shoes and tWIst d my Mae WflSt up like It rubber band under my chute harness. Other than , fractured right knee and several cuts and hrulses, T suffered 1110 ~{t'ri'Hl$ il1t4feot~ [rom Ilre fl1H.

deck. Several boles were knocked in the wing and the Internal structure damaged in t>,V(J plaCl'"'>. necessitating; a wing ch~wge. The exploslon occurred at 0630, shortiv I efnre r veille. Officers and rnen ~vere qukk to lea e their bunks, some ev 11 neglecting to take along necessary dothing to protect themselves fl'orn t1w Iti~Id winter weather outside.
flemricted

:rIght ..viog the concrete

NavV School 10 Start N.ew (lass
Infelllgence C"UI'UI'S Opell fo A ... ators i

pl'(lYi 1 th,' Nuvy with :l rufucd Intelligence tliHc'IlT', the NlL III [ntc-lIigl"f1C1! Sclmol <I~ _'\mICiI~1in, D. c.. will UOl1"\1"HC n [lew Plulilling
1J~
Tlild

ill htghly
)

ln

reresto 1 offil'f'f!; rnlly apply a.~ directed in At.Nl\v ~52 of to OcL 11)46.
1'1 school, which began opernhun last ul y. ufler~ Instruetion JTJ the nnSlU field, of opcl'f'ltinnul, tl'ategiC' amphibirillS nml air inttl11igtlJll'e. Organi211tioll

class on

July

ul thiJi year.

11

in-

J

of lblJ selmnl I\';I~ H result !If ,'xperiences gained it, tile Ia.,t war. . 1)1' Roient and J,1t'rm:l11!o!] I L 1\'1\ val Intell i~enC'l: IJ rgillUza·
UOIl is 110V. I'P '(\gnized

us a lll'ime

es-

seuriul 111 modern nnval warfare. AppH)lIi11 lHWI 50 N~IVal and five lnriu offie rs are seJoded lor til( classes Wlli~h conven every liix months, 1111"se ill ·Jlld It serve OlBeers transfcrtiug to till' regnlar Navy, and grad1111tcs of the N val A'C(ldemy. mel's Itt the sc twoJ point nut t.hllL there ill a definite need. for those wh(J have peoialized in aviation. lthough I 'ell:l!t r 'W wil1 ue cl~L~'SHied IDO (Ll1(..illig{'u1c:e Duty )11 I)'), th mnjorit will rotate betwe "II IlJtelljgence J 1\ lies ,I \lore uud regular sea duty billets, After emnpietiug 3n courses uo e..in.> a period (II" s iven months, officerstudents ore divided into two group t? ullclefgu 10 weeks' practical InstrueUOJ.l ut StM under simulated battle COIlditien», Two such groups arc uuw WI 11l!.U1 e 11 ve L' ill the Pn tm cl A tin, t ic F~)lIlwilJg [he tour at sea, students

RED
IfORI01:0NTAL BAI! OF RED HALves IlIlSSl(lIl. SV CIi..iIW'if"

RECTANGLE

o WHITE
ON

~8lUE
FOR A-InCRAFT

NEW NA.T1orou",L INSLGNIA

I'flrhlgh,~se.
I1['S8.

01'

Japato a:

Army, Navy Alter Plane Insignia
Re<f Color;,,! Goes Bael! allto Aircraft

L ngth of tIl
Irmn

courses will r.l;luge
panish

oa "

divklually w{th ltlstrl,L(..:.tors, stud enls p~'al'~ic~Jy live their chosen: laJ]<'~w\ge. a Ispj/}lIsmg with English aft r the. third

This Jang. rag study r quires upproxi11'.~I~l'.J' 14 hULfl'li p.er (by. Wnt'king in-

three montll 101 maximum ef 1t:l months

For Chhiese,

By joint action. Hie Wm' and 1 avv Depurtrnents re ceutl approved ch,u\l?;.es in spe 'HifJ,itions n the :'iJarion..u In~jgnill lor aircl'<lfl. TIl new msiguill,
[011l'!}' since

.

cia

r 1111'11 to the Intell1_gem:e School Iur tnt '!Ish' I:wglll1g studies. E tclt 1~ J'tlfj u,u'~d. tu master l)11!;1 IllHg\l rl)!;l.'" ~Iwli
<til'

, Sume gmdu<tles will he Qs~igoccl~s N,lvru Altaclws Of ssistnnt a «I tL;whes. i1J ~ reigu countries, where they CHTI pne 111('11' ighly h speciallzed knowledge of languag and 1U'e!1 to gOlld IlS • Others will he assigned to the Fleet as 'shtff 1M 'lligence Officers, and some will go .u.hO the Office of Naval Inte-llizeno and to Naval Districts,

will agajn COILLain tll8 fed, while nnw 1>1111;\ oolors so [arniliar before the \II u , The amendment, dated 14 Jan, Hl 1],7 , read.~ as rnlluws: Th,~ I) tlinnru insLRJ1in shall be an ll.Jsiznia white r. e pointed star inside ali Insignia blu circumscribed circle with til] i.1signia white rectangle., It shal1 he one rad illS of

tIw b~,gm.ning

o£ the war,

the blu (,'!rc]e in lClIgtb and one-lml] l<l HIlS (If the blue [·in·le in w{{Itb.

pilnlsh, French,

-erman,

Italian,

Death Takes Lt. Gen. Roy Geiger
Morille G.enerCiI FIl)w i-n World Wor I

xt '1Idil\~ on eneh id of the tar, Ihr rechlHgl shall h placed so that rhe (Op ed~es fllr!ll ,J stl'ai_glll Hue with tI'l' 1.01' ecl~ '. ol Ihe two st.ll poinl:S hf.."n :\1 I the Hlp stat poi nt. <1.11 ii' '('l'ltrned HI Hie white reclangles at each 111, it]signin, Width uf til strip will be one-sixth Ilie radius III 1111;-stur, ..'\11 illSi~lIill . IIIue border on ·.eigbth the r:l(hil~ II! till" hlu& eirule in wiuth will unt!t,I)' III entire deslzn, Wlwn til' il1!ligl'i~ 10 b .1pPUl,d

e NAVUiATION
1. Wl'l!ch

CUIZ e

BRAIN TWISTERS
ll·g I,F an t!.tpuuuuU!, squ fI searoh, with IIIIII ow I 'd.~ibllitv. s.iI(lu]I.1 be !.lr)WIl :Url'l? •
0 ,

.1'1p flfdl Mariu to wear ~h guld Win s f Nnval .!\'1iatim'l, U. Olin. riuy tRoIn, \:ig:Ul' died J~m. 23 nt the 1\iav,J, ~,rl,di('nl Cenlet', Bf'1hl'lsch. Mu,
Ceneral 15. Ge.i);f'1 lI'as . Uval Avil1ll1r i\.' D.

!lignia red h

Tho Hew

insignjll i~ In u'J7.J.mt,,1 'LdI)e

have

~)r

2, Wnh a POlnp"S-s j)cuuing nf 126 n,) devil!, lOb. v<:r. 27.... • a.oJ!) left drill, ' 6.

what course ~ yuur uirplun . flj'jug? IJC local apparent

At Ol,llI{iWil, Ceneral Geip"c( 1Jeram" the s' 'olld Marin in his~r lu lead un Army when he becam'e oormnaud I' ~If !la' .TeHl'll Mrny follOWing the de,rll,

IUl

an

a fix he obtained

[ron] a g!'md set 208 KG,S. nel

d, An atrplane maintaining
COli

!fpml ob~'rvatil'n&?

Jr ..

III action tlf LL

Ce». until

irnnu Buckner •

covered 50(1nnufiea]. miles nn eus, nnw much fuel has been 'OI~~Jlm!!dr 5. Relntive tn Qu",~, 4. al the snme ra.en ilf ". ' antI fuel eonsumptlon how .uuch ru t<l w1l1 G teq uitecl to crill t i1l~1I: tILe Right ftw 165 nautical miles? (; Air dvig(Jtnrll llurl11bOQk, OD-80.8.2, ftlT other il1leh'.!Itlllg 110fJigIJtionat facts. IAnsW"<I!t$ on Po.;e- 40) Not -,
I AVAlm

truing l35 gals. oJ fuel 'per hr. hns

,(lmm;:.llJd.in~ Ceneml of Fleet Mnriue Force, B iciflc, I IJr;in' til Pacific ar J~I \ as WiUI the Marine duting their i'l,dlt to!' II lochul d 011 -.uadaLc:nnal. Later lIe \ ns .~t £oug, 'nvill umn l'eleliu I1llCl OkiL)!~Wll, ' In tlW' fir~t \\,crrltl War he Bei againsl in had S fill s.erdt\e Panama. til· Philippines :I;I(!' Chi;,~,·L'
ism

U.S,A, . G !leral. Gt'ig>

a <~e<l.blue, IhLrk hloe or hkH'l.: hnckg:rmllltL the insignia blue eire UDsl;rihcci drcle and tile Insizn il( h Tt rIO' hm'clar 11m hu O!l!i te I. I'>

is'

recently

was

Blue Garrison Caps Out June 1
AlNo ...

15
1

Cove"$

Only

Mole 'erso·llnel

'\fte-r

JUlie I I}47 hl\l(' gurJ'is<1u a.ips

lhe Navy

the Geh1Hlr)~ rn 1::'I'auce and
CrOil): tlctjon.

fCir

r' :oJv\"u

'traordiunrv hero'j>n I'al Ceiacr I J '~l il'l ulm 'J knr'lcr\w.

01 whHl' WIlTisflLI ('ill""' caunot he worn b mole u,l\'a1 pBI'satln 'I. This ru1ill)! i~~'lled in A'L~ W 15 dated 16 )anu 1.r~ is cCJwtlly l'f!t,{·til '.1Il ('scr\r st~ lu [mill il'g;. Til· hhl(' IItHl whit .. gal'risoll ~"IPb \VOTe lIull, I'i'l;ed clLlriLlg W rid W UI II.
0th'1' \\nifrmm dlallg-es
.If('"

anmmJH:ed

ill

AI.i'J,n

40tl-4(3

elf cfiYe OM. I ndS.

9

Navy Harpoons Fly Over Me-xlco
FO!fr$q!l!l'dr-o/t~

TlI'lreP·orf

In Air

Sh;ow

VP-l\iIL-~ This medium landplane squndron fI~w from Barber's Poiu] to M.exico Cily, via Corpus Christi, til p~rrticip'Lt~ in inaugural ceremonies for the presideut-eleet of Mexico ill Deeemh er, Task FOIce 6$, under Vke Adll1iL'Ul C. F. Bogan. was composed of four squadrons of Lockheed Earpoous. Eu route ('0 the Msxicau demunstratiorr 1t1 N:wnl ll.yialiQD honoring tbe uew presid~nt. the squadron stepped tIt Alnmedtt lind theu Miramar fm' trainltlg and shlging before rendezvoueing at COl]H1S hl jOhi the t'~sk force. Admiral Rogan bdded tile ilicr.s, ~tres:-iDg the Iacr the .misslcn was a rare opporlun ity fur offibers ami men

l'6remony in whtch titer were presented pilots' wlngsand. honorary memberships fnur-houT flight, the four sq~ul.d.rcm:s in the MeXjcan Air Fnree, t-he first pre, lauded at the 7,OOO.foot Mexioo City sentadon of its kind in M~xic~ history. airport, where they were welcorned by Awards were presented. by Brig. Gen. EI Capitall Soto of the Me:-'-lcan Arllly. Antonio Cardenas Ro'iliiguez. chief of The fOUOWLUg dpy all 'hands went the M.inbtry of &erOlJauU~s, who was "lg!Jts~tng among the beautiful CaL? e- host subsequently-at a sumptuous buffet druls, parks, Elm] monuments which luncheon. More sighl:seeilJg fllled the make Mexico City H tourist u(imction. final day in Mexico, the squadrons reo all 1 Det>emher, the inau'brtlFal parade hlrnin,lt to Corpus. 1ur dissoluUon. W~18 HrlV;m over the cit)'. It was an elfoeUent two-hour displny of air power NAT.S Pilot Lands en Lone R'oad mill fOnmttiOiI hl:~·tie:;. and was ""eli Brin,g's 1'11.2 Down In MO!llltainoll5 V",'e l'~c~iI-eri hy the civllitUl populace. On cmnpletioll ur the. Navy's I1illt' NAS ALAMEl:lA-Divinp; (It 140 knots ill tll{·~ .air purade. the- !Vl.e:Uc:m Air with hoth engines or his ,""-2. cle.,d. 1"un'b' Iml On II remnrlsrhle display aT Lt. Ferdinand Howell ef VRF-:! br'Ought pI·eei!)!'.' tnl'l'l'mtiulI nying in P-47>S, $&tl'::I, the hig plnnc down to a perfeet lsndjuu's, <wd ~J"{s. The next day, all inp; au a Irmely country road m rugged
i\ m edt'llil pllnffi weJ'fo g:1!~~I:S:lt ~

oJ the :\Tuvy to ltd ·.as goodwill emissarles 1'01 the United states. AItel'~\

country

Howell ;lUU his eo-pflot Lt.Og) J. Cretzeu prepured to make a belly landiT,g; iii the only open terrain in the ,iciTdty, When be leveled 'OII he'l1l"lticed II road and decided '('I put down hi~ Ilmding geru: and bring it in there .. A neal'by rancher witnessed the dEScellt and a few days later a relief crew from Aliltneoa flew thl:: lIa.1'1Jorm oIf the rancher's uewly-gtaded 2400foot landing strip seme diSta.oce away. TIle raneher, Dewev Wllrliog, r~lqo guarded the plane white the marooned !liars summoned aid.

~o miles

west 'Of Bakersfield.

Wandering Bartle Makes Target
I'at,ol S(!I!CfdrOIl

In"en~lile$1r",;ntng

VF-M~·3 Emr.zyP1N€S-Though hostjlities Jmve long since ceased. this squadron still ge~ an occasional olsanee to fly a bornbing and sb'ufin,g mission, Ilecently three pktll~ were aSsigned
10

300 miles north of Manila. On the second day of the search, :1 crew Oil a routine navigation hop s[loHed the wayward ba.t'~e 2ClO miles west of Marilla Bl'ty. Three planes loaded with. depth charoges and .50 cr.:L ammmii:tiQTl immediately took off lind Beeanse of the nearly complete turnover of squadron persennel, the time involved in the Rrst live bomb ioadil'1!'; wus far above normal. Each crew is HOW heing checked out in teguhll' pmctlee sessions and loading time has been reduced by an ~pjeragB of 50 percent, Train:illg wtll contmue with supplementary lectures on Etrles, bombs nnd safely pteaautions. Every two weeks Que complete crew i:s :sent to t-he Navy Fleet HehnblHtalinn and Re'cr,eation Center at tlaguio.
Luzon, P.

search for a derelict barge

Stll1'le

sanktbe

barge,

TElj1U'!'I~P,ow~tl .(>t Ow Tiny 'rim rl;)ck@t MIS" r~/ffJr,a!1 n!lil!llied to tll(' p,.t= jna qJequl shaw at NOTS IN\<oxER)s. Excellent Sf:rif'4~ ailM? shows the missile in ii1J. liatural habltul. IlPril~ and expwdlt!g· its way thl'iJugh thm8-iflc1t (limOf platt! alUl IJ IllfJOd. b~ltkilead. E:rj:ilO,,;ofl fflllpwing lIetWtrr.rticlU offlJick outer (:!llJ<!ring would pIau llO",'{JC l",lt11 l'n1!afd~ of ,.I.rifJ or bl/ick],(I!!i;iJ. lUtJi>tlJ/j'g ba.r rd light Id!7'p,~ e1igl,fl"'iJt!~· flme Nle rucl..Tf, ~f.gllr.

the summercapltol DEthe islands and visitors enjo)' h.orseback tiding, bowlin'g, movies and. h~'o l8-hole golf €omses.
IiJestrioled

t. The

oity of Baguio

is

10

#;III2TIfERE / (liAS... ? .,'!-. I
.ti"

~c\

_.,,-1l\~

r

Of' '

W1'lJllfd, ..iSSIII' i tVl;WS, III' gilUl uihat it hopes will b~ (I IW In/lilT tid tlfjj(lll UJ til e tlWga.:.i)l~'.
slorill8

8111(;t.

lilt:

wllr

6~ded.

S(JfI

fem of tlurn), If !lUll It~e nne, seru] it if! togut1rer wit" au]. ~t'I'(Hl1blr:d !!g~s jrt.m, !low' C(lIII1!I(;IruUng Q(JiCBf"S cap Ilnd/or (J ~h,Ort 72,0110 wllrd affidavit oj QUthenliilJily [rom Ilny no /:1£ (JI)Wlor. Afty ~'f.orie8 cOIwerning activilitl.v abt>off 30,000 fel>'i in pC.I'iI1all.Q oil/ifr tlulII horl~Ml/ill mll~t be 11/'
ctlmp(IUWcl

have bee« ttgilJJ!; 1>0 t1Jick and ill.qt, it WlIS det..idr;;il to nm II

J..,y phOffJgra IllIS,

I, or
1DiU led ~llu,

Whose Leg Got PuUed?

\V.\I> hlliligllL 1)11 C"ll.m nnd the alr group was settllug noisily into !:he reuune shore d lit alter ~t Inl'l~ trip {-r(JIU .Peorl aboard a J ep earri 1'. The buots were returning lrmn HIl! boondocks

pcricneed nviators were lOi\Ang :i11JUIld the urnrun case waitmg £o~ the- beer to get

UOWI1

with Innt

lind

tile

1110re

ex-

T\~ most of the pilots the war seem d Iar WI\. Several of LLeJP had b J1 nboard a enrrier whleh was sunk by torp 001.'11 but there had been 1~11~ rcha'bilitntiull le,(VCil[P the states. Ark"!' that (.. me a a IC)lIp;tlIYtminlng penod, Ct)mb~t was still a IC)~ months in the Future far the men wh I would mak lll· UrRt carrier strikes \III Tek I,. Hu iTIsldu !lue QllOllset huts the tracers were [iyiug. The veterans of the fusl tour Were bhlt.i'lg trniJs of iJn'l'mgh the skle;;_ll lor the bene.1It of those who hnds't vet look d at II m ntball thf()Ugh 11 glms{ght. • Chill, S11 named because Qf his love fur

open as the f~r IL'S> plane drlvers vf the fbi tour headed r r baltle latiru s in the I oondocks. he first and most e11 iOl' did lint eV(>1Istop to open Lb.", latched door or the lrut, When Lhey Totllnlt.'Ii several minutes later, sheepishly j len l, lhry disc voted that the torpedo dl>f(,,]~ecall h Itl not been grllll lid I 5'll, Illy the beer cans had tJ en torpedoed, II] !1 corner of the hilt a phonograph was plnying '''Who's !lay Now?" Its JeJ~ '1:.1retl owner, hurlzontal 01'1 ~ot nearhv, sipped his heer and nearly clooked as l~e condru:lrd II dissertation rn II tearful gr()up of (!mce<~' "Yessir lTu!l n rvuus old Hrehorse should lll\\'t" heel) ,(fa&tutlld \li"g ago, hut h [ust co nldn't res ist an alarm , • . ,"
~j

Prepare to Ball Out!
long _ ad the women WI"re bl.ncl-:, SO tIle lads pL,.!yedpoker and iliought up new ways 01 htlJ"ltssjng the Island's FJjAht Surgeon-one Lt. (ig} Bradslm . The gaud Doctor HeW cccasioually, lind (Ille dav he went along on a long and mcnotcneus IJj lit wl III a certain Lt.

w.ary

D

f'" r.; ill

U1 Jslands the Il!g;h

were'

south-of-the-border

menus,

SOO,l1

tired of

Robert Huut aud his crew. Too bad! Aboul mid-moruing the clfects of the 1llg1rt before began to wei/til on the Doc, ,0 he hit the sack. The venerable physiclnn was soon .'1rloriug gt!11l[y In tune with the engines. nrortunltle1y, Big Bob hnppened to notice the Iedlco's SOlen countenance -tbe foul plot was 011. Instructions wan t out over the interphone aud soon every man in the: crew waS in full emergency mess, parachuted. Mae Wasted, wit.h Ilures ~tickjng out of pocket and a copy r Shark Sensa in ach hand, The plane entered the overcast and the starboard n~n was feilthwed. Purl 'engine was reduced to very low RPM and manifold pressure. All '\Ilk! quiet, lor II moment-sthen nil TIe.ll hroke loose. 'the emergency wm:m was spiked down. crew members b gan rushing flTQug the entwalk fo.'ring vurions h:ur-misi.l1g ilnd cokirful phrases, !JU 11 ns l'i-ru, Abflndrm ,!Iip, Mlm 0 ('rh!JlJ1d, i\n llands Aum.y \lrlll Hit. IIlg Silk. Everynne completely j rnored tlot able mall [11 pills ill the lower huuk. Now an man, 110 Trl(l'tt-cr who, 1S at best somewhat xelted at the prospect of letw~g It plane in lUid.rur. BUI foul up his gL'2r. sereum hloody-murdee in Iris ear Bud sound llu: gong; All just ns heawakes from It tleep dream of pence and the old blood prllSSUIe is apt to rise. Do" IJrC8.'ruTe W no ·certinn.:By the time 1}f~ 'at back ta the after-station helplessly erllflngled in hls Mae West and parnclurte harness, nnd alter hnvil'iJ( been 5110"<00 !J:tmmcl several times hy 5c:un:ytng cres members. he VI'1l:S in no state to oper teo He wus, how iver; ready, willing and wanting to leave the nl.tplan,e in great hutry. It took Hobert and two hUSk")' aides to keep hun from jumpin.g Over the side. When he was finnlly convinced it was all a hoax, Ole good Doctor said 1I0~ a word, He just marched back to hi hunk, I or did he 'mnv until till! plane v as safely ti d up .at nnehor in the lagoon. Then he roundly blistered the air with certain s;llt Y and profollndly prnlune observations diet whjl'Jh he stalked away til' tent and didn't tlppear at lilt! mess hall Ior two days. The moral of my story is: 'om (1)'$ n's nth 1 t , wet to pl wi

rus

the tales of heroism and decided ttl take tb'e JlCroe.~ down u notch. While Zeros dropped floming inte ellery' comer of Ilj~ Quons t, the young emigu picked up hi~ portable phonograph. S(!leci:illg a reccrd used tQ teach personnel th vnrlous shlph()lIrcl battle alurrns, lre sneaked out DE the hut nunutlced, Several OMS of beer laler, the scene had changed to R'llbllul MU R tremendons battl Wll5 in pr~l~res~ over Inrp 'on BUlbor. One rlcuntless aviator was on hi buck ut ,000 Ieet abnut to squ eze the trrgger when h ... Jrt,~", l11'mhl-ro:r. Tlrnmgh the window caine tIrle sound oj a gong-gel'tllclll qLJ.'U'ter:..<;-n.nd a bllgh: blowing filee mad-"toipedo defense" _ Quonset hut has but ODe deer, But wh n one of til e huts is about to e tOT. p deed, tliat Ilj no problem • • . th e y,lullger officers wnt'<'/"cd with mouths wide

(!

(f

Re8f.ricted

11

Pilots Build Own Island Target
8'e(:om"~ B~lhey" \If· L \- Hnd, l'oJ[nalioJlS juttillg out 1,1 Hu' SIl'~l will lrlldlk~ 1I~ l:tl'Mets Ior bmJlhillg. I'll! 1,.,,! lil'illg; orsll":lfillg bur h",v,' " llll' III 111(' irml~lruUrm when it liflHl(!'S 10 ,j ~';('s<;i 11); 11 it ~ 01' 11(';1 r Il'il~~('''', ('bpeL'i;)! Iy wi tit 111111a tUl'CS. r F'cclhlY; l]lt'rmwl\ t'li" h,llldk';lllr!ld Il\ lack or reflny guod SIll)! ta1'~('ts. pJol~ 1)1 thi"~ Jlql1adroll ,did snmHthing abeut iL Afh'l ,I ... 1..llly "r _1'I:"J'j:tl pllHto~raphs of proposed lUI'!1et sil~s in the area, ,,\g\lijun ilillln{l ;3,) miles !'flul·b Df Suifen
SI.J UUl

A.ilan,donetl

CisfeM

IltlY '~l' Illl' lIi'ghl .ii)' :11hwk UII 'IIII' II ,\I!'ll1"H!l Ilf\;\lYl'JIl fl,l,'l- 2. \'SO unit P('],~llIll.d ,lh()/u~l ou ,thlls.· dates urecu t itl eel lu d II' l'IbbllH,

ull 1\1I1pl""~l>\lIgll~1l!
'1111110'1

of Nov

1-.2 'llid the IUlB!iJ'e

1'11tt

the Bil(:-!Ipplf
when it 1'/'illl'l;!ftm

J3i)"miIJf!,/I{(I.J' \1 PI" il:;.IWHl'<1 ill S:IlII~Jr, Ol'tl1Utf 2:4, HJ-.!:1,

b It! gill

III ~<wu

the

l:"t~rri"l

DOT

MIST

SPRAYS

FROM

UNIT,TOI'

L.:EFT

\,1Ik'h wus IlJorLuHy bu. Tlw IJ Ulff}l"lll' a\Y<lJ(! lV~ll> ItH actio iI i.1I the Battle 01 '1,):I$["j'lwngn. Nov, SO, 1U41.
the baHIl's

dispersal operated
1111 it

ruaterial

jJl'Od'IL't'sne!'IJso]

,hut-aIr

1)1)"1' wlrlch (lhIe mi.~l). asnkllnid valve, alIt! ,l Ifrnet
anc:! U Kill)!:I,'

p.(n. was se II"I:terl.

uml counter-call crunbincd into

ruhber lifl' rult, ~~v('ml
A!1;llij,w.,

lrnn p.ilo1s. equiJ'lpt·.fl with
!:!!IIlS

and 25

g<lI1ulIJ> 1I~ whik pailll IU'l.Id&r1 h,r thp i~r.uld ill II picket buat. Arl'h'inf1 oil

hy mit!-01(II'nill)2: ,tla'Y d~'eG\ererl 100-J"o(ll...:filf);, thut ',mhd lar rnure t)III!Wlm fl"f"!n1 L11l' !i"'" than tJ1CV had r JIIIIl'1 tl w air. CIORI" fllS[_)~'('li(l1l revealed ,t hi I\clin~ spOl. lJ Ie il>Ja mrs ul'lly nne it lurued nut lalCt, Pal'! (If thl;!-$"{)l1P
swarn
ill

wei/!:hiJl.g ,lLouIOlle-llldf pnulld. These- units an' lncllted within (he :drer.lrf' it I \ :U"illll~ III unhers, Of]pend ill g ,111 Ilw si".i' or ILn!' phulC .. ,11111 11-1"1' l'lec-lrk,dl) connoeled to ,':I sWTtclt un thr- plln(~ ]1!-

bnng.nI'f1, July "5 ancl B. 1943. fllll!nper:I( inns- ut jJ:illLlt ;ltld Lt'yle, S~'ptt'itilj(" 12 to Odnh'ir :20. J 9J.4. T!_le Sf. L'w/i", was lumorecl lnr ih,l(
~iOllS
.

flr

I>. I till

GuJJ une]

Kllil1fil

lJ

t . KH \;1 f~1l II' (tll't.l KollJ.mh'lJ
.....

;Hii! PII.i]ipi,iJ11I' lslands cUirll:,aigri trum
'1(J'1

1<'aJ'll_ ~

strurnent

panel,

"\Vhl.!'u the I'llol dilS"'!<

Ihf' ."wit"'!. J h",lkcrah is !llltOBlFlliQlllh sprayed with the nerosol, therebv dis· ill Ft<cliI 1/'>; the ['I!lin' lnterler of the air~

IIH:~~~1" The ~'llrnb 11(1 tJw dijf was tough lJIl! the mill m[l_gllitude ~r the. h~sk nccflllw applll'cllt when they te<ldH~rl the Lop. IL tonk mill'{' than un hom of h:II'(l w'II'k fl' cut l1mmgh deuse\'iJlc-~rO"'Jl jungll: h"ftJT6" fI c1!'!'rinp: was lnund. Here lhl'lv Iflcflterl .a latgc t(iVl'red elsrcru Imjlt .1 lIpS that once necupied lheistand, Senl"ch rm oth""'.ilf'~~ wag \J,I] tI'{'l and all hands lmg,an applyillg- white paint, Tlu- top tlf U Ie ~i,~I{'nJ !tl'lin hecn me a riJl\' bullseye !mgcl. TILl> iSJHlld's only trlb>lbjl(l"ul~ were
~:\I!lrrns nf kUIj; "l}IZ" ilie", yurd-lr.mg lizards. herds \I'ild :4oRts [lin wary I.) he :lppl"Otlched. uud some typo 01

iln~l olhe!'s'<lIllC" ill a ruhher rnlt.

<Jsl'lore

\;"j I I

r

plaue.
udjusted nrucunt

'OK'

Lim.('!' and

~'!]lII1H'f :1i"1"

ember l.,) I" 28 IUHI til!! Okju,\\Va Irom ~dnr("h 211 to 21:1. Tht· Plti1rJdi!l!)hi(/'H nwurd cQverttd nction in Ihe M"ditt'·rnJIII'_HIL lheatel'o(f Sil.;il\- and Salerno SI.1 PlxH·I.in ~ II mph ibivilli Ltl «l lugS'. Hernism h, [he naval {mg1l.g~)Ir!I'TlI L.r Kml:llm tlllJIiI'"kt l!.laltlJ, ;vr nrch 2(:1,
{"amL}lIi~ll
WQIl the <:11III Snit Lokl' Cirri. 11 helped tum b.u:k 11 illl'g.e J ap IltWnllll!'('L' heading lor ,\t!u und ltJ1sku.

nu each unit So llml a killing rl H\'w",/l is cli:lpt.'I"SlJli lhmlt"hout til", ~l'1ace OI't(I'pieJ hy Hltlt p~')_r. llculur 111 lil.

HlJ3,

utl

the

}delltim,~ I-ill"

11lt'IIUHlhm

lor

bv

or

II.•

hlr~{' tr:wks nbout l:t1e ish.llld '11[ lIlt' \\'eeks ill] in",,,,d

yr! unseen

bm·jUl"

!Iillimal thal l,~ft
III e
ITlljn-

Aguij<ln

ing (leedS" well.

~Ul'gf11.st'iJ'H·d

'IUd -

~!JUiltJI'OU

Pilot Can K.O. Passenge,rPests
Allfomaflc:. DDT Wllil,' aircn1
Jf'CU\'~·
to(.'iHl~

rt

SpreyC

thl'l2l{lgh wjde,~pTOil{1

or

;<It't>

.. "trob Iud Jcc1 ~ d"sl1'OYi.ng
i<pmvillf!;

Insects an 01'iusee!!;

vI' DDT.

tn~j' al.~1) !1r~ bhuntld inr the sIm~ad C11 h_ll<'l'ittLt!on by gIVi')g '1lLick tJ'OlJlSplll'la_11f.)1I_ to hitch-hiking irnmigrallL Lngs, Tlli$ dH1~g~r of diseMe beming ill~Ilcts a-rid ngriclLil1lro.l fl(>~ts being ~·iil·ried i\lto Lim Ulliwd SITllcs hv ail'l:tnft is

Aviaifion UniTs Win Navy Award
Ninc CrYi5~iH

showed immunize the cabin intertor. Hn! ~l'rvi['its Fl:rsti.utere$.t ill 'LIIl;ltiml Is NOt knoW II, iug t'f'qniJ'e1l1en\S rt}l' Ull;; t'(JI!Ip,nwlIl'. but what rnay be une- tit [he Ilrs! docualit! the eHecltln russetlg~rs .uul 1!:1l"go, mer.ts ~h[lWi!lg nfficj'li cogTli~utJc:e of the jf any, If Lhf~ results of these fest~ .\fJlU.z.iJlg new dis('lln:lI'Y of HighL hal> !lH1V(' lhi:> c(jl.Jillmeut h. tH.- 'clret"tjvc come 'ttl light. it is- expected that planes upemtiug b(~ It 1.:; u lettei written by Theodore Iln'!:'rJ Ill(' lJDiLt~d 5t Itt'S <lBd ntheHoosJil'li'eh. then AJ;sisami Secretary at .{'rll mtJ'i(>~IVHI be so ('(luippr'tL the Navy ,on 25 :'1arch 1898 l"l':gaTding Work on insect eontro] by spraying P'wfessIJI' Surnud P, La-:ligl!3l~ ~Hvin~ lermiu witlr DDT Fnrm nil"crall is cunma.chi lIe ..•• tirwing. ( A~"\lJ;:\.I'l>, July 1940,) Tf!j-dy 'iTb~ lmlJ;.:hi:llt: bns wI1rkeiL.~ JlIlOSekits !1t l~qlJjFment ro-r aerial spmyi'llg velt eUnllne.aled I'mthu.'iillslicaUv ill his 1'.'0111 (1\ I airphl11!?.5 ilre being prUl;;llf\Icl letter w S~('rolary uf rh-n r-. a~,y: Jllhn Iu'!dcl' all i\rJl'tV t'tlll!t":WI'. wtill tie\JV(ll'Y D ..Lllllg. '-It secJns t(l r.iJe w~}r!h while <'Ic:e()~J1pli:sl.tt'd 'Ii\' I:h A~:ll ~Mflb IIl'lHeJn(:e- r\lr this gnV1;'lnml.!lll til II')' wbeLitc!· il 1)j\" 0;1< III, • will n0t work un a hll'g:e anougll scale Pil't)' ,I i~.persn 1 lin ils r or inStldjdde. til he nf (IS~ III tJI > c::\'t:Ht of W~tr_ ,\h'l'J X L.t, -a're b.;'illg l1'1,muJ!l{![ured hy ··For l'hi.'t plll'PPSI!" r re>;mnmcml thnl Ib~ 0/HI,d CUll F:II:ClIrv. A mlliluul Ill' yuu app()i:rJt tWf1 I)IIi~·tJj's of scientific al~ insh'llc!Lofls lor use - oi this di:spm:s!ll til in rnents ,m,tl r-)1:a~tJ(!:11 hility, ,l'tlO in Il !'Jllil h<l~ been P"(i'p\\!"cd ly ]j~rAEJI. p,nnjunctiliTl I\'ith l\\'u olflcBI;s appointed by tbe Sm:l"I;,tmy of \Y<lr.li]lull meet and
jn(o Ihis Il~'in!! O1llC'hiTIC. ~p /1,. form ns whether 0"1' Jlot they think it C-'Huld fje duplicated on H l~fge 5ca.le, t() make r(l,C(jlYlrmmd-alinn :1S to Its p,rn'i?('>.'1l111illl'"

Tests are h_('ing: Cl1Jldll{_·tl!d !ofl.,tl;'r. til e mtm her and loco tj011 ol' ullIf_., H!Clllir~d per :Iirplallc. the .lrm)1Jnt [If l ime each [1uit ~h;l11 ~'rncy Iu I.:omp[ctdy
mine

Na.vy's Aviation
~oo~c'l'",'f

linteresT hOld
A.erQdrome

EJ1f~luiCl$tlcOv!lr

Just

when

the

U_ S,

Navy

being

ollnl1mtt>e(1

doing." Tbe military rnm·t".d bst in those NtlVy Tutm, Hmt(!11I7t~, flrrlitdellJl!ir', Sf,. r.otJi,~,· d::!}'s. A moun; iatrt r~ inill~ A-nn. -Nnw h\lg:t-ted by flIt" Ust' ol lleru.l>uis !l11~1 Salt LfJke City alld tile flll!!l ships iu hOard nad jnvestigntcd La11glev's aerol'c<.~idwlls Illone Hl'ld ill cnmhinalinn, Cmiser Divi.:;iflll 12. thll C Im;Glu lid, Co- drome. reported it feasibllo !!TId recommended $50,000 k' allottecl tQ help TI~e~pl'<ly C{pJ1plUGnl Hsed Illl the If/'ll! bill, Omi I;e.r lUlU lIf imf petie!'. '11,l' iute'rior of tile uil'CmJtlhlJ'ing_ fligh~ faelel" [mlr 5hips Wlltl lhe IIwLIru tur develop n brgel' mode~ St1 desi~ned .a..~ (.:ou.~f~l'i; of ,l smuft {'ylim~t<r ('nnt;iill[in~ \lrrl~hmrling hBrot.,rn flgHinst Jop .5hip~ to be enpall-le of tr: 11I~]l1l r1in(.! one man.
equipment

-~\w~'e;~rllllv with

Receive Commendations /\viMinn PI:ll'1I9J:ll1!'"1 who WI:'I"(.' "hmn'd 1111111'!"!IiSt:rs dllIiIlg specific ( H(;Li()lJs uf U10 \V,II ate entitled In wear the :\uvy

6cabilily
the !JPlit,

Unit

G()llmlenuatiuJI

riblJon

fur

thej_~

-and pl'l.~parc ~stinHI~eN as ~r'i 1 t_h·[lJk III is f~· well wnl"l'h

niL' ._, S_ Ptll;ii'ic

dCVf,lolled bv Ilwll:lhl>PS o[ IIt,atth ServiQe and tIll' Medic_a1 C~rp1i. F!;uu:s_ 'll~ de~

p:trl iu Ihe Lrll tles. Award~ were m,ltie to the J3i1'llllng-

12

SAFELY

STOWED

INSI!)I:

RIGID

STEEL CONTAINERS

WjTH

CONTROLLED

HUMIDITY,

NAVAL

AIRCRAFT

ARE

PRESERVED

READY

I"O'R USE

EXTENSIVE TESTING PROGRAM DEVELOPS LONG· TERM PRESERVATION METHODS FOR AlRCRAFT
ft
A"T TrIE:

dose n the wur Naval

Vi,1-

LinlJ baa a klrge 11'UT11QCJ' of new lind .uearlv hew uireraft far ill excess of p _M'etime needs. Alltieipllling the atc'C'fltl f1 my.

tim preservation and :;toragt'\, Preservution, ye~, Bllt kmg-lllIlC- aircraft pres«rva Hnn was something new, hell tile Bureau F AerlIlHI11JI·s Sturag{' Program curn(':. inff! being to
JlHJ(~1

arul with one eye on s{~llItiIlJl tl.l' this problem had La be louud. Aircraft r placement .l1ld eCOlJO[l\V wnuld both be served if [he. irplnues ("ouit! b pluced ill longlritton rute
II UESICCANT aAGSAlO IN INITIAL
DRY·POWN

this need. au

ent

irely

II 'W

aspect

and new scieullllc in'Vestigalions extending beyond the usual airplane rnalntenunce pfob1ems. It i, doubtful if these is anv oither one illvantion Ihnt inaol'porat' so mallY Uifr~rptlt t1latt!l'i;lls and so mru.lY dissimihu' rnetab In its make-up us the :U1P]:;lllC, Ami H I though I he prtlgress made by the ,tiJ't'J'uJ1. iucluslry has beeu .rapld and _~pectm.'uJllr - Ldn~ring East and West
rOt'.;lrd.l houts I1.part,
(I'~

{~Llt~lrI;!W nn: ~1 i'Llhlll 'p"·d ..

lim, ff'Jr

~·a]e. long-term
uuvor ]I('[me if tl\ ialiiHI,

..loI'age of u.ircratl, bad

lal'g_e.

el't<lking ,ufcl !,)l\S$illg the-

ht'I!Il dllll!~ ill

the 1,L!ol'v

speed of souud=yet, with nil its speed. lIm nirplaue has neve]' been able ~11 i111ttUStUIl 'e its shudow, the shadow or
corrusion uud dcteriorarion ctln.giul?" to

of Aoronnurics W:lS dittl pn:.'it'l"v-e and :!L!lf .!. ill dlrect SLlpport of the naval aeronautic organization. several tbolis.wa fir these new and nearly new :'Lirel'afl I pt a V<'lt1oi H.p to nvp years. The e ulrcrul't, UOVN~ ing tl1irl.\· lypes, ILr(-J LII he deplVytlll sb.'a~e(ii~al1y IhTDl1 gl:IDIII the Tnit(1u tates and are to be stored and mnintiUned In as n.e.1r it ByiHVllY' coudilien as possible, Such a. storage program required
~lll'E'all

Tile rected

i! .at rest or hi IJigh!. At tile heglll.uitlGl t)r the luog-term
storage
1:\.1'0
1)1'0

ram, B AEL1 Was faced wjth

rJ'llblems of C'ons'id ruble mognfludl'. The msl wa .. to provide lm~ llIel'li. tc proteerion fllr the aircraft 11.S~lJrlle 1 to the ,~tOl:age lwol; the second, t(1 develop H method of !qng-terrn prcsen ation. With aircraft coming In rapldJy and the elt'ml'!Ills intent OfJ. making tTle most of it. pl;tnl16d strategy became S-til)$elYiellt to (llJick fiction,

Restricted

13

of tests b0uj.; conducted at AS QRFOLK, orlolk \\IRS chosen at llhe exposure site fat Lh over-all experimeNtal ptQgraUl because of its wiae variety of weather oouditinns accompanied by high liumidtry lind its proxi:m~ty to Washington. Two types of nutdoor containers are uno I'going tests, flexible _DE: non-rigid barriers urul rigid metal containers. The n"IJ-rigid uan·jers _include those materials such as :6ber-ghss, nlumianm f{'il and various serimback metal loils, nnd plllsUu substances.
+

T tests, is spr ycd pojy vinyl plastic strippablo coni. This material is capable
"COCOON <l

I'm

r

now

undergOing

AN

FGr: HELLCAT

RESTS

IN ITS COCOON;

PJ.IQUGLAS

WINDOW

SHOWS

HUMIDITV

INDICAT08

t!xilltlug at th Ume the phaltlc base material The \ Qrk was performed in December 194~ at NAF tad d () ·1 W&YlVlO I'H, Mass. The temw in the mearrtime. This was sqlved thrO\Lgh perature i:J the hangar was 10"'. It ",'as necessary tq brush the pressure l'he espediency of what was termed "lntorirn Preservation" - increasing air- sensitive tape with gasoline to Induce lis ~ensjtjvlty, impaired by ~he low u'ltfl pJ'(~tectioo tlmlUgll oillargh,g and tempera rue. iUlrulsllying existing prm;ervatlon merhThe preservation and storage proods. !,'l'anl advanced rapidly, but not withNext came the problem of dcterminout initial grave misgivings, headaches, ing vhethcr to disasseruble the aircraft nnd voluminous pi)grlrllages into every and store it lin p:uts, or to attempt to st r -' it intact .in as close to II phase of science and engineering. 'Laboratories within and without the E!vowny condition as possible. thortlt;gll levi w of an luug - term Navy, with other government agencies and hidnstry w re contacted, ami storage methods used by all agenme very source of lnlormation exb:mste,d kno-wn ttl be active in the field was before :ltIiving ;II the present series undertaken, with a view to adopting the meth€ld most practicable- for alrNO,FI'FOLIC $TOftAG" stPE'AiIMENT AREA S'HOWSIIQTH CIllft lise and to eliminate utJ.profltltbl~ investigation. T'neinformation thus gained Jed to }I on ic approach in laver of _pre1lerving the enure !ul'emft infacl; Laboratory repwrt5 e tablished the theory that correston does not occur On metals mainrained in a dean atmosphere of 30% Ot less relative bumldlty, Tests were made on a variety of materlals sub~ j,ect-ed to clean ntrnnspheres over the. complete l'3.nge of humidity. All a result 01 this .review and a careful consideration of the types of deterioration that may be e.q>ccted, it was deeided that dehumidfflcation was the most practicable method. An early expertment Juring tl!e first month of the program enclosed an airplane ill tl C( llfonnmg wrap, This TBM (pic UTe haltom of page 16) Was wrapped with 55-pound ({raft paper and spray coated with lile inch thickness of Protek-Coat, an asim"estigauolls Ts what lo do with the aircraft
HE PIIOIlI.I""_'1

pJl{n:fvHlion

of great xpansion and eontractton. i'!1J(] when finished with an additiolJal coat ,01 ~ mastic eoinpound possesses a Itl\V moisture vapor transtrusslon rate. The rnatetial is rapidly sni[:Jpqe Itom the airplane in large pieces, jt is estimated thal lwn men can strip an entit~ fi:g_hler iLl seven minutes. The advantages claimed for the "Cocoon" type barrier alit: low cost, flexibility. ease of application and removal, as well as adaptability to irregular shapes, The material is applied by spmy gun. With several coats used over tape il11d webbing! the plastic material adheres to the outer contour t')f the airplane. The inItill1 step is' to bridge the gnps and voids. with strips of tape to decrease the width of open spaees to 18 in hes 0)' less, The Ilrst 'coatinO' is an aero-resingel compound whleh, when sprayed through the nit with a spray gw1. fOnDS a heavy cobweb-like lilm which adheres tenaciously to the strlps. TIle operator builds thIS lip hy successive [lilsses of tho SpJ'fly untll it resembl _~coarse cottan gau,ze iII thkk;TYPES C.F PREseRVATION UNDER TEsT

14

10 the struetur of the material, This frrst coat has Ifttle strength. It. t urpose Is to provide ",' conthiunos blanket 0 r the entir nircrnfl tu S1.lpport the Q!.Iowing coats of Ilea vier and stronger plastic. Truce successive (;Q~IU;of plastic, each one of a differen color to insure complete coverage or the fanner coat, are applied. This is lollnwed by a coat of mastic materinl ttl give toughness, clecreaS6 the moisture vapor transmission rate ( 1 Til). and to prevent the ultravio]f!t I~ays of the SUD from reudtin.g !JIC plastie coating. Bnalcoan of Cllsoulte, an aluminum pigmeIlted material. is applied to reduce the 1 at ubsorptioll uf lila pack. The «Cocoon" Ita II tensile strength of 1.700 to 2,000 p.s.i. Afte\' the "Cocoon" is complelrd, openings are cut. in several plu('('.~ and s~licll-gel is placed. inside Ior dehum id.iB.catioll. Pletiglas windows with hUI'lldityindicators attached are placed in the. openings. Th€l edge of the.Frame is ~prnyecl gain to close 1ll1)' Qpeuillg~ and insure a weafher-proo fit. vari ty of eornparativ te. ls MI' being OOllducted on llltiilltaining tlJ· relative humidity wjtbiu. the enola mres, Desiccants such as silica-gel, SOV:l. bead. and driacel are being employed .as static c111Uges, Vnrying we!I;~hlsand amounts ·of these materials are plll~"d within the enclosure, The tests will determine the amnunts re'111ireo to reduce the rnoistur Iu the' enclosnee and maiutain the desir 'LI relative hum idity oJ 30%.
I' SS SJJd

COMIiIINI\TION$ OF CONTAINER UNIT~ CAN BE HOOKlii:D

UP

IN SERIES

tI"

TO 4;00 FEET

LONG

mIg !s pre-drilled lor bolts to facilitate
ussemhl

has welded

Han~es

(1(1

lilt:

vertical

ill each

(J(>h1.

and boltillg together in the

ontainer til permit nil")' [Ill ~drplall' inspecticu. Olass inspeotilill windows stra tezicallv located in the ~1'lIhtiIiOr a!lo~'- liltedtil' readings of urul rda!:!" humidity til Iw reuurded lrnm the outside without 1111,;' necessity Ii t'ntorillg I he container.

"

luiner to )II use 011 fOil!". or one P'4.u. or (Uj~ SC, is 40 feet llmg, 19 feet wid~>. llIu) 171£ feet high. ontainers
\.lOU

tempcrature

III house flue HIM (II' one sszc are 40 It,Pt long, 24 feet Wide, and 17J~ feet

high. Comblnations of units are beiug hooked IIp in series in vnrywg n.ultlples up to 4 0 feet long. The multiple .erection is ,Ict;omplislleu b
It'hVill~

T The knocked-down
UE
IU JO
COMPOUND 5PRAcVED

coutainers uuderge,Jillg t st are beillg ere ·ted in several sizes,

containers are Iurn ished ill s ictiuus of lO-foot wide eonugntcd steel Ixmels. Each p tile)
OVER NEF\iIIORIl OF STRIPS

tuhrers. There ar 2J containers. various lengths and h()IISiug; a 1"11I';n1 Ill' -0 airpluues, Hlldlll'''(li!lg u series 01 tests. \ 'ap"" tigl\l 11('(;;<::;' dnors lU'r' pl'l)\ hlcd
OF TAPE FORMS A C.LI'NGING COBWEB

the ouds out of ahulLing con-

or

FIL.M

Ire mude hourly around the de') 'k. Itecl11'ilings, aha ar made on dattl sheets giving the ambient temperature'llltl relative humidity outside the xmtulncr, The sUIfa(:o temperature of the cnntain er is also recorded. There m c Hv· in 'uument pnsitions iuslde II .e O-Ie(;t eon rainers and :2.3 instrurneut positions inside the 400-r~lor cuutaiucrs, n·eaciing,s lire recorded from the temperature and relative humidllv llldk:atOl,'s located at eneh position. • '1')111$. on 011 ·100-Ic)ot container duea ;30 day P dod over 44,000 f{"('ordiag are chatted rm data sheets. On can find the temperature at all~' hour lit auv of the 23 loe(Lti(lrJs and

atmosphere S lerived testfrOID the that readings within the containers
0 1.~II'OIITAI'(''I·

i~H Ie in£Oi'.1l'I.atjoll

i,.~
('<111

23 locutions. Every \,Hl'UIHC.e. every Iluctuafion Is analyzed lor Pl))'[ ell ( a II d efleet, ,\.11 un usua 1 dl:tllgu might lndicatc poor g.,.:sket1n~ or fa 1111 .'I SCHhtnt. Or perhaps u stalit' chlu~ge 01 desieeunt at some ~iycn loc'''' rion reached tlit· i!h$orpti()l!~ 1?n~Jl. Ill' lli' ddlUmidHimLiJlll equipment mav he perl'ol'mitlg h.adequately, ConipUiJ.uib, insuh tiou 0,' conHlIg m!iy be pflrfoflrll!lg badly, . t r containers rue set nip and retldiug~ become oonslstent nver a giVP11 nUlll1..,,· J days, .recordings ore marle fit fOUL' hour intervals,
clmtilnliill~ unl Il It!;~rs ~II'(' completed,

nl ruty

[ell I!·il> luunldity
of th

JI11' nny how'

15

in the cenlaiuer, several typ0s 01 breathers lm-ve he&llin~lnl[t!(l nnd Me- undergroiJlf,t Lest.,.. lildhidlml and scheduled comhinnIil)lI$ HI' ~(·illallIS. l'(I;llrn1<;.'I, ,I [rill ,.s-pl H<I'P l'eC(H'dh,~ IIIS[I'1I;l\f,1I1S, Ilcskcllllts,' uud ilYllalnit; !.[(!hum Idffi ~'l;llj{)ll, \:,Ij uil )[[1.1"111 vacuum)
,m> I1I1~kf g(lj II gCr)l11 pu raUvl' tC-IStf'\1Ll.lWlion ~lll_ and ,dl!,in. tilt' ecntalners. SliT' l,t"lnpW';ltun's IlnJ rudiutinn losts flrp ruu, Sllrfl~"" ,cooling d~lta are be-

is that inurgaoic8 require H liufety Inctor of ;JO% 01' less rel ••ave humIcllty, while. snme org;rnics thrive better Oil 1.'1 slightly higlle1' rate, Too low u relu(he 1wmir!ity wnulr] depriv'l' Some orga!lic~ ul [llcir nutnral molsture CU[l~ tent, wi[]IUul which they t')'Lld not live. The IJv~I'-illl scienli!il: daL<1 [rave ill-

rheated

II

hetweerr 20% :UIO :10%. Thls is based IlJl the rnaxhnum p:ro11teli,liI Lll.!J~ c;mIs

rehltive hnmidity
(-jll'

nlllg~

of

illg recorclcd on water cOllling etjllip(m."lIl wh tell si III II hlte-S min a 1111 is CUllImlled by :m .1IJlflln.utic V,l]VC- frilI aryi Il g the sprll y _ T11 e si 111111ated ra in h Nt> (;UlIll'ull!Jcl llild Ihc water' evapor:1Lf;:.~ lrom trHo top flnJ_ skll's 1)1' tho

sidered uecessurv Irrr
it~n'ni of rhe phi'll'o

must

cl'ltit;:']

contalnor
~'uund,
sulilfirlll
PARTOP
TI'IE BACKLOG AWAjTINGSTQ!UIGE

mstead of nmnin!! off an tJ1C
TIll

Other 1~'Iw" of
ill

conneet+ III

II l'lllIlfng und illwfrh ('f)ll-tIng:;-,

are be-in!$ compared IOl'cffective· ness, perf(lflOllllce. and enst, or the and

T

"W ,\ I\JUIJl'S.

{'nthm

<IrQ

iJelll£: c:nefully watched
c(IJllhjllaf1oll'~

n~\:lt.hl.)d~of delurrnidifi-

j)ni'nts, sealants and ~'I5-kcHng rnarel'tn [ are being tested' !(]J' ageing char. ltl:teristk·s.. lndiVidnnl le~lbge tests me
mnde and
1l'1f!

{'"mpiN('

('I

ru tidllt'J

if;

Stlt'll ill:;-talled Hews !IS .\::CIlOI'(ltQI'S. fils l rum euts .. uH~l eleetrnnie equipment NlIlllvt be pre~er\<ml by oil,!;' Ill' greases. A11d a'ltho1J_gh their in it'ia I corrosion 1'R re ill slower th;m serne nll-tlerf'lh.. Ib~!'f: is it p_t)lnt at which t hl'h dererroraliun is grclLUy accelemted, These- eritiC:1~ Item S eonst it ~Ih',IP,PfOX'I~n~ t'tl ly oneIbm] of the alrCl.'liF!' 1< !U'lMIIlU] cost A control It'd. rlc 1111111iclifi ..-rl :.1Imllsp hert' «m 1''l'fi:s!'('W Llih mat et' i~11.

Ilf detmmMiJil"ltinll being tested. both static and dyn:tmlo: .tnd co;nbintlliqJ)s of the two h:w(' l)l'!wed hig)~ly suceesslu], methoWl
HUt!

The static method consists of llsing a dtMiit'c,Ult, (If dl1'ing llUellt. such us sHit'a gel, snvu head, I)l'l,b'iocd without

presslIl'c tested. Foundutfon techn iq ue lind toh'l',dn [lJ:t'j1:1t,ll.iOl' ,m,: 1I1sn bei!,g l'('IllI_1;tn:d rlnl'iug i'llI' pmgmrn lor (>/I r\,·tiV('lle,\.~ and 1:0st data, Seve-ra 1 1-ypl'J-S ul I'E('urr1il1~ ill$LTllmeilts Hj,'r' hf'ili~ I""~t >d_ uud e-va I lit I'lin 11 mude u] thoh' dfit':it'j,t'y over the CHliJ(' lcmpL'r,ltme

dctermilled
tTVlJ~lmje

T

HI-: :'\'Olll'UI."f,)

lio'sls have

tlw

pllhll

wh<lteo it ILa~ been
t:Oi11-

prugte.ssetl

that

ribtid t'iml(,inerl> :with

ddlllrnidiRe,lliul1 and hll1;J!i(\ns ol 8tm;,· and dYlllunjr,

de-

l:"d

aid From any mechanical equipment, The rl,e'"j,t't'lll; t, "hIe to remove large
'JUlU!titi'['~ of llwis:tllm [\'Hill tb\~ all', is distdlmled til l>t'[~<.'ted spots throLlI'!J .. 1111 t I he n ircral I :llLd l;lItltaLner. The uYllurIILellH:.'tliod depends upon
1he 1HilliPf1)Io'II[ u1iU:lte5

use of meeluu ,it;a1 lllld el"ctric<)l Ja t!i'" r"T111 _of a dehw:nidiR" eution machine, Such equipment ck-

nnrl re-circulates the ail' [i,rcnJ;_ghCl1lt i]1{' t'm). "ilWI', Tht'mw::hlll<l c'l/ntllim. <l dUll'ge oJ: dosiccant, IlsHfllly ,ilk'l gl'l. The Iwind_p1e of \11~tlrntirm rnHnws two dttfiul tc cyci(');, lht;: adsorp[jim (;yell' anti till' -reactkntlllll cycle. AH:ef dIe ain~,IJt is [_llfu;'cd 'in the con tn iner the ud~m'ptloH eyde statts, Drying of uir willJin 1'[w(;Outainer h hnmght. Ubl'lIt by "lIcking tllC hujde II ir nF th(, ('oI11;u.itler l'1ullugh a filter ill lhe dl,J'l11nidilkalhn-l ru~L,-,hiJlt~, Oil plI.;l a t'JrClilat--lllg Inn 11m!dd\'c, I hnlir Llll'Ough II -hed of desk:c:'lI1t, The dlNiiC'\,AU~t relll{'Vl'..~ llll~ I.¥at"'-r frmIl 1,l1C_air.

InJkno\VJI fac'tqr lu tbro In[l~ tern I pre:;(eJ\"aliOIl uud ;'lIOtlLb'" !If ain:ndt. This is the eondit ir)1_' tit mg;'Ullc mareria!x: ruhber. plastics, oih and gre<l'Se~, paper :\1111 wood, r1lbrk, leather, glue, fell. "~l. The ~Ige-jllg eharacteristies i:lwse IlInlt'fjals are nn!' the same, ~lIIa in soruc inst.:J,llC'es have nul been Full\'

O"'~IJ)T':l1l:-'{; aJi fhe asrl~.('ts ul prese rva LJI')u. s101':1 IJ. and eont III 11011 g rl!'i;ltive hurnidilv. 'lht!l"t~ remains Dill'

C

·

111IInidi[-~~ mnge.

ure sntisfaerorv for nircruft, ill [OJl~ - term preservu+iun aTiTI stl1!'[lge, Bid'ur!' lerrulnntlou or tile entire tt'~ t ptClt;fal11. ~ufBci~ll.t dHli\ till,]

humidilicat-inn

working
ern
:;t

bl e til e m'{'ctiol1 lit ri girl co 11 ers tarn tl'~ sell!c\t-d sh,r<l~e 'poinLs. BuAer

kllllw[eligt'

will

h~ bf\cl to

j"t1}1\~s'twatiV['1i have beau Ii'lat-ll'l_nt'd :at the pDtl::llti'll stllra!'l~ poin ts Fur HII!

nr

eJ-ilab[i:;ht'rL

• wlll?1lo dissimilllr pr't'servutives

tiJlUcl Hot he expeNoo til curry LLa: lmrdOJ'n (1f prl:Jtt'.('tion, ;~nd il' used :mighl lldllt!lly h,\TD1 ~mnl" o[ the rot..,t~ti!tJl;. [<'ar il;sltlllL'('_ <W.I oil or gr£~so whkh n,ny be used 'us lI. prCl;Ell'Vtltive for nle_tlll. an r-mll'g.luli.e IlluleriaL wllIIM ddinlbelv I"'J'nl lInd !tllUSC detel'i1mlnon tubber-, an nJ')!:1Il.ic lIIilteorj,u, Bul- unum' LiUl Ill'escul progrHIll, whl'[(' rOl"rflel' pr@sm'valives wlll bt' held nl: a miiliml1lll. t!11tl: supphnllf'tl Iw 'the n,el\' l1lBjOf pi'('.IWl'vaUve 11[,1 u(mll'uJ1ed h nm fdlly. the norrna-I iii c expectancy (If ~OIne org!J.llics m-uy he f'xhmcled \1("> otld thdr prc5t'~1 t !;Cr\'il'l·. A [ Ult' cud 01 lIn" five y ....ars the pm,e:nun may w~'ll I.'i!ulriuu lit tie-w data tin llgiLig

-made up 1m as~el'flhly.

It hus past that

IICCII lll(,~ t'-"[ll!ri_l'.IIt'(~

of tIle' materinls

-S''''.Iern1 months, Detailed Instruewill he giVr"11 ['I~I'SnnlH'1 tiJ the stmngc IJumts under an established ill JUj:ltrilHllinl I f'l'ug:mm ermelueted by lhes~ representatlves. At tlieeluse of December -1.0m~ airc:'dl were in tnteuim pI'Cs,e.rwltioli under covered storage rrn~;J1ded hy the vanOIlS llglrt-er-tb:au-ah h[l,.flgars located nlnllg the c{J_trs\.ftl areas. BAfore- [oueg _" pOTtivll of these _:Urcntft will shirt mov.
['!.Ist

tlllllS

ing

illl~ll. jll!'fmftIlP)11 ~ll"'i1:4'"' stlHlIs. .

FI.Fl.ST EXPERIMENT

USED P.AP'E~

WAA.PP,ING

(~r -

"p'-'I'utiml II {'tmUTllH"~ ~lltOllTllticflllv, [lilt the d"s;o,'ani ll<'\,cr rend 11,:$ lis S1thifttLirlll point. This i~ hC'(.'llU£(; th", ~f'efllid t;vdtl_ lhe i"l'adh"ll::ltm 0ydt", goes into npemUUH, Dill iug l[W rC'tlctivnUOll e~'de, outside ail [I> th'~mm in lhrnugh llll' mndulll',> I,) h~blkrl rmcJ fOfc ..d Il-ormJ'gh tllf" d(-'~it'i:al1t hed whe!,'t' if (Jw:c the nmo;;;hilw i~
~d III

p.ko'ks up moisl:nre H)1d ('tlVl'ies Hoff 1',11 preven~ hl1lkl-llp rlf pressme (01"

chmilct~ri!;ti('s ot oTgantcs:. UO\v gravely lack'ir>g. AUI,Il:hel' in{JOIlt]_)tltibl(, ,c(llrditkm in
file l'l'reserv.'1tirm oJ uissjmilnl' mateTi:ds

16

ALWAYS

AN AI R ..,aM I RAL.

MA'RC .A. MITSCH Ell

WE!'iT

ALOFT

IN A Ji £t..LDIVER

TO

WATCH

THE

OP ERATl ONS

0F

HIS

£1G HTH

FLEET

MARC A. MITSCH R, SN
much 1,onors

Fh.islm"y
EW

OI>t

1"Wl~

iu

lw ve crowded so action and 5-Q many
into One career as did bitter

Amencnu

Eu.rly

ill J!.)475 AUllIim) )"Htsd((]ll"s

carrtors

b1'\gan a series

of operations that led th m de rp Into Japanese waters ill wltnl l,.-eweU til he the hegllwill~ ul ttl(' (lud J I»)' that islallu
unpire, Wirh the Pucific \ rr nearlv over, Admiral Mltscher on Jill), 1(), HH5 returned !(I the' Nuvy Dept. as DCNO (Ail') His tout' n shore duty was brief. however, and in March 1946 he became Commumler tll't~ Eighl1j Fleet, lui. Sep-

dmiral
During

lure A.
the yearS

Mltscher.
of

uaval combat ill tl.e Pacific, his THI,JnU and th \ t)rd "Iast carrler tllsk [o.rce" carne to be synuuymuus. nrrier forces led by drnfral Mitscher gainm.1 lind maintained oontro] of sea and uir up to the very shores or ]op:Ul. Woru alld obviously we,"!.r), from those long and exhaustjng PiH:Jfic campaigns. Admiral :Mitscbt'f died ut Norfolk Feb, 3, just oue week :tfrer nhserving his sixtietl I birthday. Listed M l\J~wa1 Aviator No. 33, Admiral Mitseher W3S ,g;udu'lted hom the Naval Academy ill tlHl class of 191 () and completed llight tntillin" at Pellsacol?- in uno. His. b.iQgruplLy reads !ike history of naval aviation. III Ul1!,), forpiloli.ng the xc-e on its long overseas AlgM from Newfnuudland to lilt: Azores, he was awarded tile Nu\'V GWS8. the lkrt OJ three such awards received durlng his career. His other assigullll.ml1i h tween wars included to,UI'S as comm~Uliling tJ£ficer of N A .I\,]o.r'(')s"['I, air officel' Oil the' Samtoga, exec of the Langley, commanding officer of the Wriaht, and cornmunder of PA'rJIOL. wixc O~'E. fIe commissiollCU the old Ilomet just two months l;efrJ're JHPUIl struck at Pearl Harbor. Then il capt Ilin, he commanded tlml shill when she oarri d General Doollttl '5. 8-25 raiders iuu) Japan's home waters for their Famous ']':okyn raid Seven weeks bter ho skippered the 116't'I!6t thmugh the Battle Ill! Midway, Later as commander of a carrier division dmfrul Mlrscher eontt!boled directly to the success of the Marahall invasibn, It was early in 1944 that he. took commnnd of the now Ismeus "Task Force 58:'- For the next six rnonths vhis earriers ranged the Central and Western Pacific striking the enemy bnrd IIlId often, tlltting away Japan's a Iensiv ring.

tember he became Commaucler III Chief oj the Atlantic Fleet, the command he held at the time of his death.
MITSCHER WITH PRESIDENT TRUMAN ON BRIDGE OF THE FOR

or

17

(Ii:d. Note: Whae happened to IJul.e preflight endurance'!' Or Wine, Women anti nM;k~tbllll. )

st'ltionl--eepers and twenty-three addhleus In the Organized Reserve. We nnw with intfOrest that the N.lUtTU MIA.~ Basketball team has been organized and hilS entered the YMQA l!)ague and is !lOIV partieip ling .in the regul1lr gmnes. They always win first guarter .in nll g;l1IlE!S.

• NAS Nmv" OflL1M.Nli,~A station reeruib tug CUil)lIllttec of nilll~ pIJ'icets was fO):IIled to- speed recruiting ror the Organized Reserve, The drive was. given good p~y in ncwspaplnS Arid the radio. Classified udvertisements beamed to,ward inactive enlist d men and non-veterans obtained ~ood re~111;s. 'file personal contact work {If ollicer and enlisted personnel received ~pJt.'TJdid results after being coortlit'\Rted. Personn I enntacts wii)b prll~peetivc stationkeepers 1i1lve proved excellent and during "II! IIt m ell- ha "l~ been enlisted in t:be Res(I'l've program illcJudillg -sixteen 1taT'lDes.

the

Ulon.ll.

IJf

Dlltl.'nlbar

one lnmdred

illty-

COMDR.

DAVID

MCCAMl'S'ELL

USN DISPLAYS

34 JAP FLAGS

TO ADM.

EWEN,

II:ESEitVE.

HEAt)

HY. V LVI': 0 publicity cannot be lldverUsmg when they got the aval overernphasfzed, wb.:thm in n c rn- Air Orzanized Reserve on the weeklv str ,:t't;a pn'l> uf the 't. Loui, s Pllblrt· paign ror sellil!g son£» 01' to S ell the erviee Compuny. Two lnrndred ami ranks of th Naval Air Heserve, Proof thAt as your newspaper priut tell thousand passes were sold each heli\ring: the Organized Reserve ad. Heindex goes up. yOlll" stnek goes IIp sults are nlready tl [11)(( rent, rlrlrl n,r(' with it is this months 11f'\\1~ Irrnn hound (0 contiuuc, Ni\JlTU '.~~ DI.I1l,;o. .\5 a result of flll official StUve)' h" • NAS .\ I r:.'MEA,l'OT 18-F' ormer N ATS p"r· i'l~ conduded to determlnc whether or souuel are etlg.l'r t", join new J>' org~llIiv.rd 1I(1l that nit should remain in. Sau unils, When VIl-&9 \VII oornrnissionecl on ~ Diego. 11 rash of frou rag pnblidty Decem her al llli!" stati(HI. II full {!omplcmellt broke III 10('11.1 papers. LI IdditiUll, th' 111 Iortn r NATS pitots Were ,1\ ail")'l" fllf Publlc Julormatlon r and the the sl{lrti.dron. .I)lnmatlding Officer oJ the station wert' This \'1\ unit will lrnvo definite week,md jill ited III speak before the Chamber ~chedIlJ,!~ to JlJujnt ttiq}!lrl& in Iht! I'lrjnity. Qu these trlps the UJ1it will pick tip (Jroj Commerce and the Junior Chamber galliz01'OL re~erll¢ on Iht('d men wh" will (If Commerce, Public interest perketl parlidpate in dtiJI~ ;)1 Ole uuval nil" base IIJl considerably and a very noticeable 111ilIC1l!>t! in squadron enlistments over and so h11ve an O'PPOl'(II.11ity to pn.rtI iral ill the reserve prllgl"'ml. tbe preceding rnenth was noted; nils \'-(IS attrfbuted dheetly to the wide • :\lAS O',IT MW'J.-lll cUl'ljllnctimn WillI pllblic.i received, 11,· new vl.1.tiun Mldshipmen program, This wlgh' have been considered Oil • hundred and Iorw IV Aviatio1'l1 Cadets nc~athre puhliciry. hut _it.received posi- were SW!1m in as ~Jftllhipt1'len. on 1'1 D l'lmIhN. Hl-W ilt this station. An additional tive I' ults. Keep hitting the frollt two hundred three were worn In on tlupllge. 17uI alit! rorty three more aFtl'lr that date. Los Alnmitos' NAllTU directs our i\ vlaU(JfI Cadet altrltion is reaching new attentiou Ie) another example of "publows willi IJ.nly one being drnpp~d during licity results." .Novumber 24. H)4B Thls lIre IIlll1ltli of LJe.remb~t 011 this stu.!iOtl. \vC'~'k Mat:;dziu[;J ran a story on "Sunday Fight r PiLtlls," SixtY'(lne letters of iu- • NAS MIi\1\u ~ 'Florida is <1flr !ipJJt qui:ry lrorn lwenty states and ihe Diswhere win ter weather isn't afEe(~tinghours trict of Columbia were received. Fiftv- in the air. D cember saw a new high 111!lighl limp ~Ij( at Ihis base, \ ith active twu t tiu' l£1lt~l'j: requested iu.fonrmtioll mrd inactive !litol, H.~'illg total €If ]082.6 n on station-k, eper duty, with the remainhours during the munth Ing nlu directed. teward membership Mrl.line orgalliZl!,d reserves bQuneOO from in the Ol'gauizetl Reserve. 35,6 for N'(:rvember h, 146.1 in December. Get the name llp€llled ri,gllt and get 311 iJ1erell,Seof 110'.5 !IOUTl> or about 400~ (he .name in the newspapers] or bad! The Rese[\ e station at t. Louis, Rli'CrwtiDg is drivill~ ahl.'fld in the lalld Missourl, dld an nutstan cHng bit of tlf sunshine. 'they eullected nineteen new

T

PUBLIC INFORt1~ATION BEST RECRUITING OFFICER
• NA' COLillIDtlS-Despita bad w"ather ,ntl I he Deeemher UOUallY weill. nds, tllC
stali!)n's
ftc' erve

pilots logged

ll,

Il1W of

om

957.4 hours during the miinth. lunUng lit low nltitude cnused the death "f IWO Reserve pilots on 8 December. and bruugbl with it the usual bml p'lblidly. \ [~untcpagc editorial labeled "Wl1rning til Columbus RI'J>crYe Fivers" ()ontctltl'i."l 1'J.\Il Armyaud Navy Hesc'U'vepaots didn't !:,·t to fly often enough to do so w;lt!ioHt hazard to themselves, The same paper carried :I r bultal Irnm St. tion officer H few da -s later, In which the fact that t.he nocident was due to a deliberate yin)alion tlr safety llig11t regullitions W<lS bnmgli.t out, However, some damage was ilTlWocabl d011e to We pWgrllW ;'IS well as the lils. of two piloLS. Till'! .station released to press and tndi(') n request by the COlnn11Ulding office!: thJit liJC'31 rflsid!ml:s reporl ,;my low Oi abnormal Hying by Iavy planes. Tho CO also review the drills in flight sufety and air cli~cipline which ali pilots received. Mid the punitive recommendadous made by hoards o( inv stig.'luon against pilots founa l;~liltyof vjol~ting air ~isciplinc. rRli:$S

a

THAT SAFETY PROGRAM,

• ~AS FwYD B!3NNl:'(I~A sl'[t11ldtun of Instrument [nstrnctors has been wDlle4 .• "'1meosed or \loluntc.er pilots with Comformer instrument Instructors \V]lO iU'~ vol. Ilnteering their services e",ery weekend to instruct nod tlsslsL pilutll in obtaining their red. white or ween cards, 11 Naval Aviarors attached to Naval Air h\tion, '10 d Bennett area required h) have four hours Link time per month, whlc:n keeps thew abreast of th latest changes in radio and instrument procedure. During: December, one hundred shty-sU: h01,i'r-S were logged in tile Station Lii1.k.;; and flirt}· a... ation ttaJrling films were shown. I

mander R. A. PrOctor of St. Albans. Nnw York in charge, TIle squadron has az,

18

t.::emhe- 7. 1040. HIe -G.fth anniversary

• NAS OLA l"J'I:K-Au Open Hou e Willi held nbottrd this station for all 11' iOG)l, uhiltlren 111 the Greater Kansas City area nn De-

Penrl Harbor, An!lir show, (lwnmy ram~ chute jumps, eeutinuous rnnvles, jeep rides, (lnd various exhibits ,VM'(l !llHl)U'" lhe spe-

Hr

ciJl1 features,

teel f;lmps were drawn

to tll('1i ill the reserve program, is being est hli~ll('d. W~1Tld wide ilmateur comlTluniC;ltiLJI1S should result with NA WILUJW CROVE becoming known far and wide. The problem ef proclIfi11g ideJlIi6c.'l~ rlons tags. WIlS cveroome by Nnv, 1 Shipyard :lgndl)g In tnmp snllioient t gs to take
Cil

expendltures w re reduced 1sl to December 3Jst..

5S:; nom July

aml1.gsid6'. each plane so the youngsters could 11). nke- their nwn Inspection uf th CQl,'kpit. • NAS N ORFOI,.K- One hundred six ly-f(JUJ' statiollkeepers have bl1ell recrutted ahoard, This Is B of tbe complement allowed.

will be noon. attached to the article with ,L new type cement. This will l¢sult in u big snviIlg AS bids received from contraetnrs to fumish tsgs ran ,1$ high as

n!

the

Il

eed, Addressograph

plates

78~ of lhe ullowed ratings of t'Cond (.:lass

and above hove been t'wtllit d and 90,$ ul" the allowed lhircl class aile below. The ekl standby svstern of ''PIIS!'i1'lg the Word," has proved the best meditl1D for the Enlisted Recrufting l'fGgram. Many men that have signed up have nev I' h4;'en on our rrouiling Jist or disc bargees. .">n iW'r&<l~C!'t:l amount of 'interest has h 'ell shown ill !Il'; Murine Oq;i!ltli1;ed llesa!l/e in the pa t Je''''' weeks as n result tQ three radio spot announcements day over the Norfolk radlo.

of

11

series oe m:wspilper arttcles nnd two

p;;or

Conm'Lffi)cihg in [anuary, me) Ies wW be shown in the afternouns on weekends, This should serve ns M dditinnal Inducement Forwives and children to Ilt'Company their lmsbtmds to the staOO)l on drill dFl,y~. of I'he till ow d complement of st::It:ilJnki;lepers nave .n1r~ndy bl"en nlisted or re-enlisted aboard. Manne Fighter quadron 451. nOW a Reserve Gnlt statkmed aboard at this aotivity received ~a Pi" 'Siden pal Unl! Oitatlun lor d,uty abo ard lhe U$.S. BUNKER IfILL from 16 February 1945 to ~1 .May 19c15. during which .~ime this squaelron was part ol the Marine Air Croup aboard,

$1,000.

• NA O,u.-u.~IJ---ln lin eIforl ttl eWilumt" "Dilbert stunts," pilots who make them ha ve b jell assigned duties pltrllllel to their mistakes, pilot who landed with wheels up was assigued the Hag watch at Ute end Il! the runway. A pilot w1l0 damaged n plane was aS~i.gned to aircraft rnalntenance tf) help repair the lilnmage. A tJ Lll'~tielf1nRrre requeSLing pilots to· 10dicllW the best drne for the twu' weeks trainllLg period shows the dill s from G February to 20 February to be the most populnr.
rI ,AN'r ,\ ---Hilport:! so f1tr received on two weeks active duty far the Orgnnlzed Reserve indicate a need ior alJ:owmg some officers. and men to per rum their two week duly in small groups. About half of the hjgLl schenls in and around Atlanta were visited by the Publle Information Ofll~T together with the Technical Training Olflcer; Leaflets ex:plainmg the program for t 7 10 18~ ye.'lr old boys were given out tinct talks made to intc-tested groups

an

• ~.s

in everal of the high sehoels, An attempt
L

•. AS ANACQsn<l.-M1Jch pubiioity was ga1ned during the IDeml'h. of December by having n1UDftfOI1l. 1l0dlll I1I)U athletic ev nts for both the I'Il'garuzed and st tionke per reserve, The loea] <Jewsp pers eolluborared tth the • aval Air Reserve T!'1Jinitlg Unil by using all press TelC.aJi8S'. Two rarlio releases were sent to t>ig)lt local ~!111!'1!l1' wllhresults or apprtlmnah,ly fortyfl\1' hroadeasta made. ,nih the t '(UTU of th iustm 'IOJ!> Irom \; ,\. 'l'C ~ I '~'rl'rtr, Ihis rleparwwnt has in'reuoscd its man hours of jn truetlon over IL(. preQediug: Mlonth.~ and ha established n trnfning ]lTogrttrIl {tit the el1listed persnnnel oJ the orgal'llZtld reserve. The in.str IIctOl"S are fully utilIz1l'S. th two BI:lSLmrm Korlaseope projectors and the strip fjll1l (lmj!" tars fl'Cf'ntly prOcuJ·cu. The tw,) J11"1i"~'l i(m rooms 1I1Ive been in (l(lrIstallt l

(11,tr1~md. • "JA.

statlon which will alTer continuo
IT PAYS TO AOV£RTISE:I

\\-I:LLO\\' Grtov},,---AI1

rt11l1ltt'nr radto
lIS

service
THAT

• N!\ fl!.~lpms-N"w,sp[lper space for December included 161 column inches .in dally papers in thls area. A Single want ad .in the Memphis newspaper brought ten in lull:ie$ lind resulted in several men cnJislillg for statlnnkeeper dUl)'. A s des of lids are berug phll~lL1,.,d for: JlUlUury. Flight time .fIt this base decreased less tlurn 1% dl1T!rIg December despite in" clement weather, Reserve pilots Ilk'W a tntal of ·UJD.l hours while station and nttllah d pf'r~ 11111.01 Ilew 2no. hours dllTing Ule nJC1nth. XA colored p rsonuel played host to tIl NA.TTC colored [lEnonnef at n pllrl)' lU tile colored 'recreation hall on December 6. Approximately 100 people njoyed lhe 'pm·ly. Soft drinks and It buffet SUpp(lT prepnred by the com missary were provided. Thr- [aval Air 't:at1ou, Memphis, was the nnly naval ttctrvity 10 tile Eighth Naval Distrl t to romnm within its a5l~igned enmnllllli(llltlQn np-propdat-i m~ for (he flnt hall 01' the fiseal vear, h).~7. Cmnnmuicafion,s
5W)!!LL~O ,HE RESERVE AA"'",S IN ST. LOUIS

Was mode to get the science teachers Interes t~tl in tl e 11rogrntll I! s weIl as the prb)oipals of the SChbO)S. Severa] of the teachers scienl'i/le subjects madeap~ poinbnetlLS Lo come out to the Sl1ltiQU and bring members of their lass s :ifter school re-open foTIowll:tg the CI1l'i$tm-as holidays. Twenty-Ihree boys have bean glven the AQT test and seventeen passed.

or

• • AS SQ'A~l-OIl i5 December, seven plan' jTQD) NA Squantum s isfed in the Sl!91t·b for Paula Wt'lclol'l,. missing Belll1ing~ tnn ·oll.g stud nt. who v!i!lisl1ed in the hills on unday, December L Heseue personnel was fully equipped with emerg:ency Ill}uil?lllent of all kinds. including: medtcine find f,)od, DAres ttnd skis. and were ready to ju.mp had tlO)'thing been sigl1tcd. Radio and Press in the First Naval District carried wwe and very favorable ptrhllclt.y on the "volunteer Rescue missian," especially In respect to the OrganIzed Alr l1eserve. the Teqruitin~ program. !t hILS pmv d very succes f ul in lhe past, A l~mt(~t ");lIming 15 Janu[)]"y ... ill award prizes to th<1~Ol members of the Otgnn1zed Air nesen' lbtlt T(lOrnit. the greatest nmnfll,IJ;;m{'1nt

Clnssified ad"erlisrng

is sl::lIl heing used to

01\110METttQD

ht1.r of !lew persnnnel.

• NAS CIIOSSE ILJJ:-The nnmber of enlisted stntionkeepers. abolll,d the stJltion ipcruasoo fl00l 2 on 1 DeC10J1lh to 296 Qn 31 D~(!erl1ber, bringing the tultl] 0.0l'<1ard. enli:;ted men eounl to 314. '!'he !ina:! air show of the .1,946 SaM:an was pTlllsented at Toledo, Ohio. all 7 D~ cember by It £olmaLkm of pinnell iTOW I his sta 0011. During December InlUltjve Reserve pilots 11 IV It total of 781.1) holliS. N.<\TSLAr..'1'-Ens. L A.. Giovll.notti NATS fGl'ty pilot, tuns way ahead aE lh~ prQV!iI'bial trnveling salesman Fot being QIl the jump. He left San Diego O.ll 81 October wil'fl a T8M and got lnck to Norl:h

Island Sf! days lll.t!l" after l}eing on the go con'tinuously" deUvftring three pIS-Des.

19

WAS

BUIL.T

BY

OFFICERS

OF V.A_·lA FROM JUNKED

MATERIAL;

£LECTRIClIL

GENIUS

MADE AN

ICE: MACHINE

• SA IP AN ...
tl'I'EU'.11

Pacific Playground
III

Pthe
\Vltt

UCl.,

mind lias

hils returned tn 1I1c Pneifie,

or

islands

or

1111111111,

Inhabitants La
ill!!)

of the
(...,I'rol'
alulli~(

Ihe IInlse

llilU

ICCl,tkd

tli('

since. Iht 'k urrler moved ashore.
Wilb ~tcJl pilut's

Lii'l' IIII tlre ~urHII'I~lic1wd isle Ill' Suipnn, bowever. hus not sunk into dull J:ll,lll 'dim 1'1lUtfll(>. \ t leas], nol
Ail'

1'01 gnll('JI pust,

Gnllir

OUt'

1:I)'i,Ll~ time
01'

re-

strieted lu a ruuxhnurn
!ENLISTED MAN's IIII{E

:35 IIOW'S' pel'
ONCE

fwd eOl1Sidel·able·Lime [or tbe pursuit III' tll tbide interesls, Since Interests JUII rl1tlll~ pursued. in lit . States OTC lacki11~, tl rvSC r-xrtra-ctn'rieular activities nll!gc lIll lilt: wuy from l,tlhl1i1dill~ QllIJIlSd huts to sweating ou]. a 'IiiI'ment of uev aulo spark pings. MIl~1 11tll1llial pastime is he;I\.lLiIyjll~ li\ lug q Il~LI' rers, Th e )jtter: an d iIII I k Ielt b\" l'llt' WiU' ofF(l.I' aU manuer of UluLI'tials 1.111 nrlchiJig l'utitj~ or pIJrc:110s H
HEAPS
SAIPAN SEOAN,

i.tnth nllivel'

llMd

IIIiste

1

In QltllllSer huts, EI'(l('(,iug awuil1g' uud Ilmdsc[1ping I.hu grolllll;ls with cpmL walks lInd bmc:y hlkk p.tHel'ni~ lurs worked \Vo]ldel'S.
U\(>Jj

In the puli(,S are numerous 1mI'Ll ene s pits. t)lllL' ulmosl pt'(!f"'~lljpllftl In '\PpearnTwc. Others couslst of nn t"JlJPty

oil drum mnnnted un afew hricks to ntis!' ,R 'llf uIt' gl'Oun d. eulcu C:~llut(),d;lIbl under tarpaulins whleh ward o IT'In ,,,I hewers, members of tho nil' group (formerly CA' • Four) enjoy tight srtxcks or flli! sized meals prepared by me II who IllIu.lly rxunpure lbeir c(JtJki."g nbllitles with those of "Oscar of the \V:drlnrr:' Steaks, cHops,
HA5

WAS

PART 01" ~eVERAL. JUNK

1947 MOOEL.,

DI"LlCATE AND

RU5TY

IN'NA~DS

20

SAII.ORS·

DAY

OFf';

GROUP

HA~

A LARGE

FI.;E£T

OF SMAU

BOATS

FLIGHT

GEt'S

BRIEI""ED

IN QUONS'ET

I"OR

HOP "ROM

KOBLER

I'llOlD

the deliClU1JS Iongusta=a member of the lobster Ilunilv-IUHJ au other fuod which falls Lllio the wrUIlg luunls meets
Its Euti here.

For those les: inclined to slestu, Lhe~e remain other inlerests. There Me lu-

uum i'[ibl jeeps nn the island, hut til obtain (me tuxes lhe lug uuity of ev r) rtlt~nl::iuJ owner, The u~'Uat procedure tit ~OIT!e 'time or another.' There a(e is I'll ScUIlI' the booudooks unttl n lunkatJ jeep i~ JfSCllv(lrcd amid 1111:- scores 01 • bandon d camps thaI nifel' a multitude of articles which can be tU]jhl',

looks hard and jar enough, NQ one can pinp(lint the locaticn of a'll rnaterial, but by cfOss·()hecking ~lgain.s~a fellow "scrounger,' suitable jUlik erm be l cared. The verb, UtI) suwunge," may he tI new 1J1H:. On atpan it means '"1,0 search for lluythjng that m:igllt rl)~siblv be 1J erl or traded ttl advfLllh.lqfl

renovated b lJIt's.. ('hairs, rusted tools, Il hus heen stimated, IIJJo/Hcinlly. 1'1 at twice he rnainlcnnncc lime i~ [unked motors (lor homemade buats). rerlLLired ta keep It je ~) lIyinJ! than i$ electrical gear and bnilding supplies. needed lor a carrier plane, Assembly ALTHO CH the scrounged marertal of gnJ11ereU r:11ts \1su ilII, produces a £l.. ~vmetimes hall doubtful value, l]u" velucle which will tick, young minds in the Air Group QaO not quadrou paint ~hops have beeu S'I lIl' to give the j eps :m k!entif -in'" color stand to see equipment rustinA' and scheme aud protect them r 1"0111 the cieteriorating in the jungles. On the athletic slde, the spirjt elf ravages of lropical humidity, Too aftoll, the case has heen "Ashes to ~ h S ancl pertinent directives has been enthuslasnoally CfJmplied with. Lt, Jeeps to rust." Eflufpl1lenl of all types mll. be Comdrs. and above have formed a "brass" :;o(thal! eam and 6Mh squadplOlillf>d on lb_' island, nn }lldi\'idwl'

ron has formed 1\ 0 slich IllLII r'111"~ At present the ·<Hrw5' terun hi Uli" .. hottest thing ill the Icagn '. Th .. _'lj1llld· , rous hay also formed }III enlisted men's League. wlth illterest l'uuning Iligh, Other ath letie aC'tiVities include III I!' '. shoes. swll'nmiog. toueh-Ioothall, [Hllllls, haskethall nnd golf on 11](·local niueholer, Prohubly the most str nuou Iorm ttl uthletic endeavor is thut s1ltireJ bv LIIC- scroungers, A man will wtll'k fm 10 hours, sweatiIlg bhlod unci tear tel get It rusty j~ep lluck to camp irl order ttl salvage II few parts. KatlcUess to sa... III hands have an excellent

ton.

ir

Despite ~11 this IIctivity. erl lIC:lUD!l is n t slighted, Some members of the ~oup auend evening , urses at "Saipan University" for lalTguagl1l, mathematics, re(rigeratwd and olerical subjects, Others are hard at work 011 their i\ava) Intelligence Correspondence Courses and all are managing to remain well up on all the latest stateside Iiterar ire,
MEN PIC·NIC AT GROUP'S BARBECUE PIT

bRASS

OUTFIT

WON

SSVEN.'I'EAJ'II

LEAGUE,

DtFeA'T£P

AI.I.. COMERS

OFFICERS

AND

ENLISTED

Restriuted

21

••
'I'll" lulluWin,. lI"m~rlm· dJ',,~j l~tl"lJ ah.. "r IJ,,· I!ooney bit4. f~Wld oat), III N,\S MID"' ..... i.....I' inlcd 11) 1"'11 "" ... fulTS P~~kf1f. It will fl' call fond (ll "'''jllorl"s to "II Na:,'aJ -avintQrs wb" .. !opJ)('~ a l th [)J. g3rd< g _"!'~t "r 11,e Faalfie.

comedian to entertain the boys. Evf"rywher but Midwny. The goolley birds were there ahead of me." And for yearsthe hugB- albatrosses have boon entertll,ining ervioe personnel On Miaw~y. As far as anyone knows Midw'ay1.134 miles northwest of Honolulu-is the O1lly home the goonies h!lv~. They are "at home" frrun September=the maLing season takes place fn November -1Ulti] late Februnry, when they go on

recent book, comedian Iwent in remembers that Was theJoe- E. Brown "everywhere 1 the Pacific I _firs.t
N HfS

The gooney nlsu is independent-he dtle-s what he wants to in, the matter of Lakeolfs and lat'l,iliugs, and often cornl"Jetely ignores the trafflo pattern. Hence there nre gooney bones a)] QV,6f the plue .

patr-oI.

also acccmpnnied by oerernony--mostly

In addition to being clignilled, the gooufes are ceremonious characters. Their mating begins with the "gooney dill1r::e.,"-an nctlv n[ail' sometimes .involving ight 01 10 couples-nonsisting mainly nf raising their heads- to tile vertiele and then loweling them to the grouDd. Tins is nccompanied by a whirul log noise-and IT. uch daok"in!t of hills, Sometimes the jokers Just stand aroundand clack bills. The male gooner trades off with the old lady in sitting on fhe e gil, which are hu"ge wbjte and brown jobs. IleJie'iing watch Oil a gooney egg is

rna

WIlen he gets. ready to take off, he just takes off III ili~ direction he happens to be fltcil~ at rue mcieent; [f it's downwind, he lumbers along for blocks, often gH.lUild"looping· Or going f11Il tilt into a sand dune. He'll get up; shaJe the sand QuL of his feathers. and look around with that "who pLUlbed me?" alLitucIa or to see if anyone's wat lilLg him, But when he's ready to try !tgain-h6 still ignores the willd direetion. Often the goouey will start his takeoff run ill the tee of a buililiug. About the time he ill airborne he emerges from the shelter uf the buI1ding and goes into a side .~lip and crashes because of the -os wind. When that happens, he'll w;ually walk hack 10 the stlU"Ung Imiot and lry again. Whea the goonies (lome in Irom p trot there are dozens of plleupscaused by failu!' - to drop their lamling gear as they COme in to land. But this Is undecstandable, since it has b en months since they have mad an'y!-hing but a WM!f lunoinl!, Once hack on Midway. however, they praet ice their lr.ndings and takeoffs, and Herb TS seientists-watoht1l1 a 'ol'ge ""hite gQooey trying to Lake off in a gale, He ohose as his FUIlW:ty a quiet spot behind a large saud dun', ;\ !-tera long run, L '_d rise just ~ aelly 10 the heiglll of the hillthen the bUl'b1e would eaten up will! him. And he'd spin in. He tried f'ol1r thnes before he flnaTIy gave lip. Another time the naturalists watched a gooney whQ had chosen a roof for
NE DAY,

lus UOIIIl 'to drill. He'd statl hum (we end of the roof, take olT. than land at the other end. Then he'd walk baok 10 his litading POint and ay it again. IIe was so angrQ sed in !tis practice that he fOl'gt'!t where he was. When he decided to mock off Beld operations [or llIe ,d~y. stepped off the end.of he the building and landed two stones down on his duff, Once _ they are itbome. however, it's a different stmy. Tbeir fiight is one 01 the most beautiful of natural sights ~gracefu1 and sweepmO'. Somerirnes 111e1brush the , ater OT the earth as tLey go into a graceful tum, Afte.r three months at ea, they are sleek aJ:!d f3t as they- return to Midway to breed and entertain the servicemen,

Marine Pilat Has Chilly Night
".IF-21B, CWNA-Tlle Cr al; , aD of hina. which is the northem boundary 01 th Marine zoue of operation. was nor enough to keep one oJ our pilots (rom getting a little insight into hnv things are run 011 the Man 'hurian ide (1£ the tracks. A ricocheUng .50 caliber slog fTom his \-.;wgnm,n's guns, which pierced the left {Ji] cooler nf his F4U-4, caused 'First Lieutenant S. W. Reese of this squadron to search anxiously fcrF au . me.rl?;enC'_)' 1leltl when his oil presslll' laHeet 'I'luCnts-ail' diVisiuu had beau practicing sl:rafiug on smoke bombs nff the ~()n~l of the northern portma of 0111' zone ol operation when the mishnp occurred. Hetunling to the coast, Lieutenant 'Reese spotted a ·trip just north of thl' Cl'ea.t Will and .... ti.llle to cITed a nur'as mal lnndlng with PO\ er. :;,LltllOUj!h lli~ oil prc.ssur· wa down to ~O pounds. Had he heen a\VIU of the Ieak before lQsing n11 his oil, use of the oil eoolcr shot-oR' wOl11t1 have for .stalled 11110' IIc,)cl(lsliity f a forced lnnding. J Ie WOlS f,rrooted by Dum ]'OIlS loc~d .hin ese, an d was L1licertnln as 1'0 IIlelr sympathies in reg:'I1:d to the present riva] Dr about 100 1\j", tionalist tmops :1lla ed his uneasiness on that score. M:lIiJ'JC netaohmcnt was dispatched from our utpost at hin~Huang-Tao. I,Weive miles to the south, and arrived al 0100 "Itur a forced night march to r.!.wlnllbe pilOf Hnd plnue, on was flown to the strip tho Iollcwjag lay and the Lieutenant Hew lhe aircraft bs k to the base wlrh the left oil cooler shut-off in operation=nrme the WQ1' e for his -xperieuee of having been one r the f w Madnes north of the CTO.\'lt "Vall except the memory (If a very' uncomfortable [tight spent hy his plane in pouring rain and chilly night
temperahU'1lS t:c)n:l1iet. However
<It sundown

Stroy

Bull!!l

Couses

CllfllQ 'nddellf

I ()\ illg and bill·lacking. While be sits nn the nest, the gtJoney spends his time by p~cking up grains of saud and packing it around him. ThllS- the nEsts grow inro llttle mounds. When junior arrives, he is just Hke his old man. H just sUs anrl Iooks around. lost of t1ie time vou have to stop yoar jeep an 1 move 'l'llm out of
NII'T' planes bnv heen 'stop-pin~ nt Michvay for several years-affording plenty of object lesBflns-it takes II Ion!! lime lor the kids to ('heck ou on aerial rIi!!hL BAhv go()ni S errioy 1) ill~ tossed into the 11repwl'Ish of n ~l::trle. 'TIleY sit qp in the aiT-fat dumb :tad happy-jnst najilpin£l: t11eir wings enonftb to g II ('hefl'P lhrdll, Wh n the pilot chops the ,!!UJ1. they spin in. squawk::in'~ at 'the il;ljtl!tlfce meted out y the Navy pilot.

Dave O Wagner-thlJse

GI'etl1er

tw.p

J.

the ar-

yom way so you can go on. F~ seems to learn slowlY. .&ltbOlla11

A eOUPLA

CHA!lACTEIIS

TALK

THINGS

OIl£R

along

the Chin-a Coast.

22

Restridad

I AFLOAT
warnings
OD

A

o
storm. NA

ASHORE

NAS TE1\M..ll"AL1SL. ..."o-:\ll'hough on a reduced Opel'ntioll status, this station provides full·time services and InciHUes of a class "C" A&R department, St.'1tiU.ll acrologLsts provide weather forecai t.~ and vadvisor storm jmportanf during wititet when violent ~San~ Ana" st rms 1111'the Paoific. FA, HON-202 is bas c1 here. supportill~ ,m av·(~raf!:e f 25 sc 1 uircralt from o 1lII.!Ileet. during n,o~t of December Ihis squadron decid cl to do snrnetlrina about lbelack uf
VA-2A-1lIllied III Kul"leT 1"1'It.!. ~t\ipan.

a 24~ljow' basis•. a

S~rvi12B

42 minutes.-jax .tHr

The drops peeled the new lacquer off the leading edges of th~ wings. Kelly ma de the 325·mile tdp UI
euss.

N JaCKSON· rl.LE-Raiu plays hob wid, the paint job on the Navy's expertmental jet FD-l. When Lt. Cdr, W, '\'V KeB Hew it down to {iami fOT the A IJ~ American air show. he ran into a rain-

NA l'e~SA(;(1 - TL. . :Ivy's oldest ·hief has retired altel' &8 years of honorable service. He is Chief Gommlssary Steward LJ nry Corruner, known as "the iron man ,If wooden ships of 50 yell.l's ago." :He enUst d in 1,s9L arul retired in .1921 Ilfter 31 yeaJ"S service, Wheu the war started be passed a physical exam at the age of n and served four years and nine months more af Conunissarv teres without a day's slek leave. 11'..: 'served IVttll Admica.l De iu the )hltlc or rvhmilll Ba.y.-CO$-

pori·,

NAS 'l'n.LAMooJ'-'I'he S~(titlO duty officer get an urgent c:illErom a ueigh'bonng
citizeu to help put out a fire. A -pumper was sent to the scene, The fire crew greatly surprised to' lim! a smoke house full o[ htlm~ lilt! SHimon iustea.d of a blazin gin!' "1111)_
"_"IF-5I~ -D~'~pjLl' f g I1lId bad weather Ihili C'luJ'Ii't b!1JSl!u ~flumlr()u ( «Ida;) piLrHdpnll'd in two strikes ap;aiwrt the nell]. d II ittg Ploct Ex;.;r isd lteltl off til • Sf>uthem Co.ltforni'l COIlSl.

comlllunication belwt:~I~ remly foont ;l.ntl line shack. PoJ(IS were ddv£l.1l [1;\10 coral '''h trees 'VeTB unavailable and wire 'ill> dtW1~ by drMng II J "ep through the sllO\lkler-high sugar cane, Two batteryoperated telephones. sulvllgcd Ir UJl diseardr-d m(\te~iIlLj;. Wen' ;lls!;lll d .UTd the tele[lhpne syr;tem- was In operafion. WWle thB crnll\; type t lophone systffil) lacks the

naval establishment afloat for a time lhis winter, Nineteen inches of rain fell it! on w ek. forcing rivers and creeks ova! their banks and Jlooding portions n til statiou ~JI(l surrounding terl'itory under water up to five feet deep. TIle air station itself ..vas und.'lmag (L
U1i~ station

Tn:.LAHOOK-This

tation was a

u.,.s.

with
tile
III

hllllH'lIlilig

1\ Cf.'I.untry

cnnversations \ISLIflUy assoclated party line, it does keep of planes and
duty officer tnformed
IJIIl

lnrest

$'1mltirun
~!.f\~'1

lin advised

On

1'1l1l~1·.l>HI

flight cbedules,

~i\TS
.l

N TS

P UFm - A Ih1watillll - b()und plum: teamed np wjtl. a Navy
in.

rul~elltly proved themselves sUPQl.effidetit when they rescued It erew three minutes IIftef the.y ditch d their plan in Ibl' eaplnne lltnding (I rca. ~\ civilltm pilol', ·test-hoppIng n surplu Lockheed u.J(1 '$fur. experlen ed ougille {mlure soon after til kenff nnrl made n crash I:Il'Iding in the water, T],I' hnnt CI:C'W rescued till' plum··s ('1'1'''' l,ntl towed tit .. pl11n", 1'(, th,· heM,h behlJ'" i ('(mId ritlk.~l1oll'Jlli.llj AII'

NAY

HON"Gll.U'LtJ'-A

crasLboat crew

frOlll

Nell"s.

eamau, strteken with Ilppefldicitis aboard the Min l(mM Ithuut
1,OUt! (niles olf CaHfomin, 1111 Hs regulfl( califs, fle\

d~iJ'()'m:

'oost Cuard

an effort til save the llfc of

or p"llidllin

was I ei(!~ lrilll~t!crcd ahmml the destroyer, '

r

et

or

(j,l\\

LImship,

a1lf]

c\t'llpped n conralnnr

Thl! ~lfiD turned n within .'5110

NAS J""om;oNVD.LE-H .... rl'ong Ficld, which ......s used by he llvy for practie earder landings since Aprll 1942. has b{#,I\ Air Sho.... Frms Learn of VrM·3 'at,ol~ Iormnlly turned over to 1,1113 city of JaekS SOOt] as the outdoor show was over sonvllle. It w:i1I b used by ptivat pHIlI'S for the uftemoon at the Miami Air

Weather Squadron Has Display

jltS'l all the seaman

nrnl f.'W\,l1mlly
fur

mlly become a ir-fTei!!;nt sefViee-Ja:!: J\/r

lrlnrling

Belt]

'~'$.

NATSr.. lIlT-Modern lmnsport planes are pretty rugued, but one NAT J15l'l took a beIIUng, ...wil it met head-an with l 11 "u1~lITC in mldulr, Wh(l.t W1lll left the vultur wall f!'lund lnsirl the U main trmk, which \VlIS looking ~oline throllgh lUI ;\"12" hole when l~ lar ded nt Patllxlml. The birl1 tore tbrollgh of r1;tbT1er dt"-ic'f'r 110111', .(\,5" of Dural skin. two Duml extrusions tllld one beavy hat stringer befure it r(!ll into t1H~ gns tank proper,

or

NAS GnoSsl': lLU-Filvomhlc pubfi.c.ity received bv the station when :?oDD , nilors and Mari11 s c opernted in cnpturing two :pri~()ncrs from tb Federal prison at Milnn, Two enlisted Marines made the. actual capture Her enuntv, sta: and
Wl\~

federal authcdties
the. Island,

joined

in the hunt on

"If

livered:. and

- TS A't1.ANIJJ -If )'Ou wan t to see or !It leftst North. AOllf{rica. get assignod to VRF-l aud delrv T PBM's. Here's how it worked f0J' U. Cmdr. Patrick J, Byrne and bi~seaplane crew: On S Dec. rhey departed Weeksvilllo 011 the Eas Coast and fiv~ days 1M r arrived at Seattle. On 1.2 Dec. thov were tlboard another PBM he.'I.ded for ·San Di'g . .6. 14 Dee, they lind rtJlLehed Coon Solo. En route home for a Christmas holiday In 1orfolk they paused long enough deliver an RID bom Jllcks01wiUe tQ Quonset. DQX score: t4.45O miles Oown, 4 PBM's deIh£/: wl)(lrL

to

88 HIght honrs

logged.

VF-2.'\_-.\ l'JIf!JDologiea,1 account of Hlis s(llladron's travels. to Panama, an Diego, Pearl ITol'hor. Salpan, Yokosuka, Tokyo, Sils 110, "fmngtao lind Sb(U')jtlliti was Inoludetl in the. holiday gre ting sent hy VF -2.A tu all Iormer squadrou members, The let{ ":r. ill mimeograph form was pTf'pared by tile E:XCc1;llive Officer and eovwei Che organization's activities from the time it Jeft NAS • onr l.;X in Jun~ )946 aboard tha U.S.S, TqrmDll. Commentarles were made on cities and countries visited and recreational f1'l.cilitie' lLvnilnQlo. l?ersanal m'essages ITom the CD1nmanding Ofnc(_'l' nd Air Croup Command('t were included. 11,e Hst of officers lld enlisted rllen fOm'lerly attaqJled \'('1 Vfo'-BA repre· sents Ii p rsollDel lUlI1l0ver of nearly 200 percent sine' May 19"1;r COtllftlissioning.

vlnneuvcrs, lO-U!. January. crowds swarmed insld the hangar to have a luok around. Immediately a line formed beside th mndified Privateer weather plane which VNt-3 • stati ned n. 'laster Field had thrown open for exhibition. Florldlans ar lurrricane conscious, SoJ the IIiI' show customers were iutercsted ,ill getting a close view of' nne of t]le seven giallt weather patrol planes v-it11 win It the Navy is helping safeguarl1 lives and prop 11.y in the Caribbean are..~. A trip through the interior of the PllW-2:, ('quipped with weathru: instruments rather than armament, proved an interesting sl1ppl ment to the spectacular maneuv rs of Navy 6ghte.r planes previously witness d ott the £ekl. Charts and photographs graphimdly interpreting ti1e jn!J of hurricane trackiUI! were on xhibit and reo tved con~idertllJT ~l1J(!y. This Wl$ vFM-a's cond opportunity in ac:qllaint tlle public will,· the valuable work file the squadron. On Nnvy

Da the same material had been on. display to enlio:hlen the man)' visitors.

23

title. ~ATB PE>"'1S. COLA, \,lith lour wins and ill) delellIs, came out ()!I lop, Other conference teams in tha order of their 1946 standings were: JULiksollvllle. NATE COR'PU5 Cmll ~rI.
football OttuJI1wa '1-1'~(E2!pms, competing for Iho conference baseball title this year, the J 'UP has been llvide I into Easteru and \~'t:.~h'!l'11 divlsions. A five g,mw

\ ith 1.') r :,111:;

ami ~

Ilttle wol"ld seric the eun
1'1
[tlrel1

in

ngu'r

betwe

11

tho two dil -isitln le~lcTeJ'~will determine

ct'_

pellUillJ t

winner,

rliumoud Oh'llllfliOl) was NATD P~_N!4\CQI.A with NATT V\'.\cHl' bl.,\ U. '\I J \CKS01loTVILLE and N

1946

AD~I

[tAL WAGNER

PRESENTS

BASEBALL

TROPHIES

TO COACH OF PENSACOLA'S

CHAMPIONS

CnrlPtfs CIIUTh-rI finishing in that Ol'dt'r )tll!:'J' teams [ron) the 19 f l <I!:;ll<' Ihllt \ HI lll~ ont lu upset Pensacola LIlI" "ear include Olt IlIIlWU. - IT JAt:K so,", 'll.L.I!.. ~lIld N S B":-':.i\~A ltJ Vl'ffi , Elgh! teams, new to l'uufenmce h.s't'hn 11 oornpetHion are 011 til ~ll) 7 <;(·111'\(1ule. 111>1 l11'~,: \fAS GLE;'IiVmw. 1\;\ 'F,\\' OI!LEA'otS, NAS IJ 1..1.,\::>, ~AR:r f J <\ !($01\:YJLl.E, N .-\T T M lPH1 s,
I

Tn

Li dpt! I.P.. 111 tercf)llll:';i~lte rules ~oyern nlhlfitic trahrfor Mvat .nvia~();~ [111 SJ:!III'tS except blol~clmn \ here i :eShlbhslled ,lrl:-- 1Il the war plu(l nff 111 Knn I L~·n&lue ytrles prevaiL .'mn111\1:., Wert' ba,s been uo rle-emphnsis The 184. Conference ~wirllrnillg mee] was held ill Jtwks()J1rill Feb. 20 and III physlcru lJ'jlilli.Ug lor student pilots. Thou ... ull bu t so· of the orlS;lliol1 21. 1\1 last . ear' me-el. nlsll in [aeksonh VIII , H:j.1. swimmers und llivers ret2000 handpicked athletes and naches al'li\ iUe~ partioiputed. \ ho directed lit warl irne V -.5 pro- Tf)1((:,l"ltiUg I grom are gonf! frolll NATe tJlejr physi- Tearu oumpetltiun WaS WOI1 bv Ottumcal t-raining syslem I{ue on. In the wa pre-flighl \ ith J~l('ks()u\'iJr;· sO'~\lLd uud NATB PE:<"SAl:OI ..... tlrlrrl, h(~ydtly of naval prl'l-l1ight schools starstLLdded il."gr -gHtiOUS lnun 51. t\rary",~, The 1047 Im~kd ball season 0[1 ned Iowa City, Cbnpl'i Hill. Del Moult', and [un, 8. Everv [emu is out ~O l"f'lJ1at'e At1.teHS~ Ga., mot IIii' tupath lr-tic teams Pensacnln's defcadtlLg churnpions. The 1jl .>\ merica on even t~I·1I1S. two fnp coulerenoe teams compete ilJ To carry on 111at sril'H nF atlileti~ the all·;>Juvv basketball tournament at competition, Rear Admiral Fnrn], D. Cu."ll- Lnk S nn ;Irlrch 26, 27, 2 lllld
~t"_<\tTlW

B jl~_g prognun_

NATC ENJOYS OOM IN MUSCL BUILDING
the extensive

Large silver trophies. both pel 111; 1uent lind rotaU1lg; go to all championS!lip teams. The c(mFere[]t:e erllj,lell1. embossed writh .Nnvy wings, 1~ :>ITIJ(.'k in gold, silver and bronze medals.

IULd NAS CECIL FIELD.

"ATTC

OLA'T'I·lf':,

NS

WBl.'T'IN.

Fusr.r)

WUf;Tler. lust F
:\::iV~

·l;rllllf}'.

Illllhlhlwd

the

Air Traiuiug Atldetil: Conferenec. l'.ing Iunds from the iuactivared 'I. _\~!lry's prf!.Higllt '1ci1 ion 1 athletic luud.
11tghly successful uthlctic c(.ll'npctition 'httlked lip hi tl,e record honks. the !lOnfeUlll(''''' is 'Lt:.~ilding llli(' 1947 with J,ettviN lll'hecillh· nllu iucreasod morale, nuuul major spnrt competition inear of pf>'dcclinw

Ihr c(uJel'(mee Now. with

nLl~lJlced activities.

une

('0l11peCing there f(ll' 1'll'I" :"Jnvy's trophy will 1'~I,)J"senl- ttl' I title .nnval C1l'gnnization with sqllilch Irnm shor estahlishmeuls mltl Atlallt'll' and Plll:'ilit· FI '·1 uuils,
29.

T('ul1ls

Sn:n·hll'l' of the

T
\Vl\
_;\J

HA\IS

r~O.'l1I'I·'TJ';(. hi [(le 19·17 con fereuce titlE' ruee include: N.\TTC

!\,J£l\U'lLts. QTll'LlS

!'.'AS BANt\N.\ HIVE". L TB Cmnsrt, IT J ,\CK$O'\lt\l;;

nJ;.LI'_.

J\;

dudes baseball. lootball, and bask thall, In fuJditiOlL, '<Vrel>llil!g, bQ;dn~ and sw;mmill!l: meets Ill'l\) seheduled. ,;\u' one n] til -' Nnvill Air Tmillilll,!: O.Inma II tJ's so.orm linkers and men is eligible Cor toum (1( individual amp tititJll. Tel enc01l1'age enlisted pruli(;'ipatitlll uo more than one hl1lJ uf lUl_Y competing toam can he officers. Any activity within the Cnmrnand ill eligible to pM-

Pre-IlighL

J\

!.:~()"V!l

,Wi.

OUOlTlWlI

1 .'

• 'v\'FllTlNG

FU:I.IJ.

f'ENSAClJI.<J\.;o.r.'\' HI, L L ~J), S D II-LAS, Tln- unuual

GJ.,&SvrE;W.

X_\TB )JNI'TC
aJld

NAS

S'I.

Sl'\lONS.

'II tl? held hi Pensacoln on March 6 and 7 w:ilh the conference boxing lourn y rol1lJwi.l1g lli Ottumwa on M;u-ch 20 und 21. Five learns battled [or the 194,fI
tnoruaillent \

cenferenee

\vrestling

PENSACOLA

YEOMAN

WINS

GRI!)

TROPHY

24

Re9t"./oteri

Navy Lists All War Casualties
Report

NAYS Uses GCA on All Landings
PUoh

. OJ'ps 31 d Coast Gl1ftro deJlri .Iud missing for the period between 7 D cember 1941 and 1 JWlUnry 1947 is 88,f.J3H. This IlguJ'1! was mUI(Iunccd by Ibe 1 'n,,), tJepartment in its Hr't u.!Ikinl and detailed breakun\ II nf v'l'nJ'l'd \\"u' I( casualti s. OiviJecl by services the losses were: 'J IVY, 62,484: l'larin Corps, 24. 46; und Ooast uard U1l2 .. " breakdown or til "vintiU[I personnel losses for the per-inti covered in the report ro]lt)ws:
\,y ,,"urb~1 (1'i41')' I , '1"'radolt:U cras),r,s
t')\!("r~t"'.1.~

TDbulo"e~ All TottJ Nnv)I> Marin·

A "/QtloJ')

loues

GC·\. which has b en adopted by tile Navv as standard for .. low vi\>ibilily upproneh, has h ' ..'11 very successful in " increasing the safety anti regularity of • ATS npl'ruli\\lm nuder nnlavnmble
wculhcr coudltinus. III nf,lel' to r~,lllzC' th Iull 1 cnefit of Ilji~ (''rjl'upm 'ilL J\' ATS now ha it direotilt! l'l([ll iring th.l{ all <lppl'Ouches .11 stfl[iolls , here a unit is located

fa PFo.ctice

Silnul"ted

Approaelles

t1m~ i'1',' i~'1(1 1./1 -H'
If I

!inti.,r.'1i
1;115 ISS3 !'I.f

loJlli ~n7'; 1i84
t,4!

Q,."bes

(1'f~V)' , tltm·clf'l"rllti~Hi11

i'l'\'etf:N~""

rN.~,·y'

.\~i~tion ~<dd".nt, IlI,t ~r",II~! (N~\1"

"l>"r'~ui("'"1 ~"5b"" N:",vy in (I. S.
II

1,7 IOn t'JJ

)'1Il

1Ml
11011
I.~

'ra~he~ nOI'l-Of\(:Tii I;on,~ I IJI :, IN,ll'J'1

N \tl "I?~"
j

r

Ii",
W'J.1
IllS

r!lhtjl1r~ r' Itlc 11!';,i,l If. dW.:NHt.aii. I MiI';lH." l'l.nu,' "lcd,lr-llrlijj
III

," 11. !'i il[',l In ,"'IrQ!,
l'

~('\"rrt~lll~ t ~~j1. 11

~>
.4;'

1,..

1

1"'~1

)1(,
117_

•~r;
.:!]il

3.t.
~~J

".

r~!~ me I

Photo Services Are Reorganized
Intorp~,efation Unlf b Incorporated

All naval \lll(.ltu~U~I)hi(_' ,(clivltiel'> have heen conso lchtcd int.) :1 pc. C' time [ll'OgrHlll under n l"co.rrft(nizati!m order issued early ill l~Ni.b.. W. John Ken-

to be simnlatetl .CA Hppf'QadH"" unless \\ PH I hl;'r conditions reqrrire til! adual .Cl\ "1 pm.wh, The DIlly c 'ccptions I.1T : (1) when .\iI' rrr".ffit,' CU[l11'll1 will not nuelrorize it 1\lr reasons such ."'~nll lI?r mme in tll(> arb). (2) WhC'TI Ifw (light 1... ilready lhle .unl miy [urlhcr l irne lo~t would result it! t1 d ,layml l!(jpal'l ure ill the case nl, i1 mm-around fh~ht, and (3) a detect HI the (; 'j\ 111111 til re either to materiel ~)I' l11:'rSOmlei. A ntlw order will prt" 't'ribe Lho rn thod in whicl. Un' .CA approach is to 1m set 11) so that there will be no 110('Qrlwntv 01 d('I:-1\. All". \ 1'5 "I LI II' commanrlers uurl 'Cln~.~A '!l-piIIH~will be required to check out ill GCA at intervals nul tt['ealel' thau six rnlinll,s. These qualilications win lw ,,-'lJl'el'f"<l ill their qualtfieaticu reeor ll>.
,U'{)

l(illsi\'e Ii ittle problems with the Seventh Fleet, tlley were glven four-day Uberty ill that Chinese 'port via cruls r Or dt"strq)'cl', Some wangled plane rides to l'!;lipuig. As u whole, the behavior "t olficers ,1110 men OTI these trips WllS pXl'eU(mt. S11~[, rewards prove a valui"JA inccuiiv e in matntalning hlg11 xtamlurds IIt'CC!>I>!ITVin :l sljlladron. l!.1t1:s-1 (){ OC\(lLe'r was spent [II Yuko~uh1 IIIllI aseho, japan, and 1 s:iugtll , Cbill", where shore trips were both cl:joyuble and edueatioual ;'~ few. per(.IJIIW hm] lif' 'n ub]e to YISlt Onenlal
I

iUe,

During the month a Imcn COTIlpU 'e~1 01 CarDiv:?. CruDivl6 aut! Destnvl l Hnd J 2 stuod out nl Suseho [or Tsingtllu awl eendncted WaT games with Task 1"1l1' -e 71 an I ~Iur-in 1 lanes f~.om Chinu end patrol planes from Okinawa, En:;':!IH!. exercises were Ive11 performeil .uul ·nmbnt~· nuitions siruulnted as lIcllTly us possible.. There were <l.a n w luunclres, C:\P~. searches, mid strikes.

belnre.

Watch Your Hand Signals, Mac!
CA~ Adopts
1>11011

N AT5

Custom of Llce"slflq

Sha.nghai liberty CAG·81 Reward
Vi"r

will ,H!l'ial h'11.ffic- cops use "!lig;11 cattererl' to hid' b hind? SOfie N ~'rS pilots ~ay it WOII', he: lou r notJrlg ad(jptk~1J hy C B .If H Irm!-t-st.auding ~ATS C:1I~h~m requiring.' n pilots to I~m-y lud llceuses on their pef.srms. The new Civil ir regljllltlon Look

llnw

!ley.

PhlltllwaphiC' Siidence Laborstorv, located al;\l ~ s r:OS:T1A, is renamed tJ~e :\0\ al Pholognl,phie Center .nul designnted Irmjlll' adJvRy fQT phol'O~r'
(I1n~ prcducheu

rat}

Actin~ St-cretarv

ol the

I

avy.

Game,

He/,d Off Coost

o'Orle"t

,·!f ('ret

011

~'idlillllpikltS

L5 ITeh. and required uti t() ('(lny t1le.~e Iioeu s

gnlUp's

phk

producliou.

The motion

~ro\lp 1&inlegrctted wjt!l

pi -

PAt.rl'lC-Plhtl1 of lhili- air and I;13F .quIIOn)lIs. alte!' S1?.eu(lin~ It f,'11 Ibys liberty ill ~hatlgltaf, are )'f;!au y lo ['Imlrw't· it hearlify as nttioc; rewnrd r r ffoull sliuw-

CAC-SL

VB

aud Rseal
Icgraphic

the film anti pnpel' proo~sing units at '\naco. fin. In addition the. Navy PhotD~apldc Interpretahcu unit, now located at the Anncostia Receiving Stalum, becomes (I subordinate imit of tIle aval Pl\ulogl'llphk enter. Equipmellt. contract. procurement
1'1.111 'LionS

l!1g~ il{ lnillllng 'actIvities. As n reward ~{!rp.·rrrll'1I1"'I~·e ill ill-

wl1il paolinI'!: any' efvil lill'craft. These pilots also ill required to 'how such tickets tJ I uuv loeal (:lr state law anforcemcllt officer upon request, Tills "ririvers lie us ., carries ulfonnaii()11 of tLt· SOrt cnntniued in NATS' Pilot Quulific(ltcioll Record, Form No, JOet

of the 1-lava.l Photrallsfel'l'cu

SQl"\'iee

nre

to

BuA:El'-_ CULaJo~ill~ und ~jstril?\'ti!ln nltrainillg H1ms h't'()rm,\' u illllctUli1 of
11llFEHS'

1)1 phololitlmg:mp!li •. pel'):("lnd
It rial functions. Und'l' lit 1'l."n[igwlll;!'uL

and Bt

S"HU'S

will haw ch:1J'Ac
mHI
111,1

erd 'r Lapt, L. A. Pllll(~. s _ Inrmc.>r chief uf the 'l:w,ll Plllllvgrilphic Service, bee mes Chill} o[ PhlllUl{raphy rurtlu;! "\ "''Y' .lll Otis pnst he [pill . tlH~ sln11 oJ th~ ,11J.e.1 f 'avnl ()pt'Iillil'!I.~ w)lfwe he WID aS8u;t 111 the planning I}( fLlttll'e ua al ~hlll't!ttr:tpll)'. Hh duties illcl!ldc cletcrmn 1;(li<m dC p)'e~ III p< Iie-Ies affecting ph() togrnpby, llJlU tllI1illtaiuiug of lia1~QIl with nil offices of tIle ~nvY. M"rrme Cnrps. o4ner hrandl ,~ (Ii ~m;ernmonL Rutrlcted 25

closed in at Managua, icaragufl. <J,nd it was necessary to Tatum ttl San Salvador. the. closest Reid, aud to 1a11(1 after dal'l.,. No lil!hting fadLlti s were available. aif"llOugl; had time find fuel l1tllmitted kerosene pots \vould Irave been 11llt ut. The tower operator, , ho spoke English.gnvce.xcellent dlrections, and placed .1 car un each end or tho runway for lining up, A'PPwach was mad between peaks QI1 radio eompass. and let-down to lmll.ling altitude was made over au adjacent luke, Approaclies were' ,1 nr, and the lauding wu completed witlt no trouble.

Dilbert

Aids Squadron
Help Edoblish

Safety
lIecord

P"ot'.$ Posters

TRAVELING THE THOP CS?
adVice from thc~ commanding nfflcer of Mt\G-22 and (108 of his punts who farrl d an sxa-a from this station ttl the anal Zone via Mexico and Central America. Diplomatic clearance was obtained through the . . Army and Is nee 's'a:ry. To obtain thjs clearance, regulll,lions require inoculations, the same as for overseas duty. It is advisable to carry som proof unless you desire to be giveu b ester shots agnln, Clearance was Dbtained through Foreign Operations Section at Kelly Field, Sao Antonio, Texas, The Ferry pJ10t should inform thal section of the intended itinerary in advance, and shtH~ldland til re for brtefing.

VA-IA-Tbe presence of an a ·com· pltshed artist within the squadron has led to au extensive sa(ety program durLng ~e fast ,l,n ~('mtil~. \-\'HIt U~e lwlt of :r\ANews 'Dlluert, Ens. H. E. J IlIl\

CJ CIU::IllU'"POlN'T-Flyingto Mwill bebyinterested in some valuable Solo the overland route? Then you
GOCI)

pilot's vi wpoint, :1 cenvenicntly-placed landing field vvith 100 octane gIl_ and. service- is more destrnhl . Pan- mericnn, in ooujunctien with the ·A_.u.-, make thIS !"os11i:ble . or the trip. AiTn Ids ure long and Ihe rmy gas dumps well supplied. Distances between good fields vary from 50 to 150 miles, with poor (in wet w ather) cuwrg hey £e1tl& IreqUO'1J1tlv encountered. The status ut these fields Js not Iirm as to \vruch will be retain d bv the .S., and latest information sho~ld b obtained £r m KeDy Field. Almost alw:,ys weather i::1 a hazard tha.t is rarelv surm untabll" in the aftemoons. It is highly desirable to make flights in th m()l11il1gs {H1c1 early :tIter-

rhters and iungles. How> er &orn a

The tlip is of vivid interest' you like scenery of vuleauic mountains,

nouns, Tile backbone or mountains along Central meriea causes cumulus clouds to ride the crests and ridges, due: largel.V to mechanical convection. AL limes-tJle weather Lakes on th appearru1C6 of It frontal line (lnd can be us threatening, reaching Irom W" graUlul to 15,000 feet or hig1mf. Tllis isquickly Dilberl formed without much advance warni11g. 13eing weather wise is safety wise all hb in ByJug: this area m the. afternoon. In accordance willi e:.i:$tlng IlcguJalions (A L) it is PQs~ble to draw advance money to take care of expenses that mightarlse unexpectedly, Amounts up to $500 can be drawn in advance to take CID-C of this situation. Ou this trip, however. i_t was Dot neeessury to use this money because of th well111:,J.ced Army gas dlJmp~ and the CO~ I peration by Pan-American Airwn.ys to send all communications. Geodeti Survey maps. be obtained far the entire. trip. In aadition. tl Army. ir Forces Iias the trip (hom Brownsville, Texas, to CUlIU Solo, Canal Zone) charted on, three maps for convenienee. These maps have the courses marked with n1<lgnelic be.<ldings, aud distanees .In statute miles. These maps are excelIent, but noted heights were reported hy pilots as not being lou accnrate, lnstrument llying, including over the top. is. not peemltted hQ' ever, so this is nQt [(;)0 important. Adequate radio fadlHies exist, inDEQUATE

needed hel!, Ilqlllpment

flie
Q."

da'l he wore hh life ;ac:.lcef

A can

S..,ile,.

IiJ$

cockpit

Olever

until

~hollg'1It

lie entere~

of

cleaning'
0

ollf dill"

Faitly weak radio ranges. Tower operators speak a good brand of English, and Spanish is DOt required, n ntle ceasion 011 tllis trip, weather

cluUiug exeellen t radio beacons

and

has used sguaJmfi actiVities ami, his bu_ddies' bombers to iJ1nstmte his safety posters. Dilbert's . cavities take w. a widt' neld of subjects _n'om sorties ashore to lhe openrtion oE Ilap. OT how to make , dive bomhillg run, Once In a while one of the air groucl"S "chflradCl's:' Cl' ep~ into Iris illustratians. From 12 MOl), to -lebe present Lime. the squadron Iormerly 13-4) has 11 d one fatal accident, 'Ihe Dilbert posters, LlHlg In various 'cfUudron areas, are considered. to haw' playeo a large part itI attainin g this sal' e l)l I'OOU1'd. Cartoons alsc aiel th gl'OUP, afety program s. Re.strloted

26

able «nd warm in the caldc t '.l cather, The bI;Jlwy Winter Ileece-llned suits were founu'ton hea y and bulky and their use impractical for fighter-lype aircrnh. The electric Bight suit cornbines better protection nom CQlcl and a greill~r degree of movement in i:he cockpit. Most ()f Om pjJots , despite 0" r: , tempernlures and below, have found it unnecessary to u e heat in the suit itself, the ilutomaticiillly heated gloves and boots beillg sufficient to keep them eomfurtable, HATS Operates Meds'Tr'aining &Iucu.tlonal opporll11lity providing
lion for a
CQUl'$e5

NAS O.ua.AND-OEfedng
1l1strl,lctiOtl

Tr'lJisporr

an outstanding NavlJ Air S~rviee'5 Educational Office is

the

schools at tllfi"erent NAT

A.A,'smeehante's license.

leadtng to qualllicabases these
In live

bave been established. The school Js located in the lDCtal shop of VR-<j, The Instruetors ure experienced a iatiOtl mechanics, Oakland's chI f in-

STAND

ON 'CAST£RS

HELPS

JIIX

ORDNA/IICEII'IEN

LOAD

SCARS

ON W.INC, ~ACK5

OF H!!!LLDIVER

STANO HELPS JAX IN ROCKET LOADING
(ATU~J ;. Bees us' (If liIlJlted a11fOn space Hell~ divers w1tJI the unit are parkc:d\liings folded. Rockets lHe suspend d on the indivirlual ratls whlle planes .are in pllfkhlg aren lind tlJ'(i plllgg~d in by the

efficiency l1f reek I crews in loading t1H~ sn2C-oiE has been developed by Vs:a·

NAS

J"CJ.:.!IONVIJoLE"-->'\

staud tp increase

me

(I'pcraliuo. wIlile the TelIltlitling p]t\nes under repairs \IS up ha~ar space. A Walker- haw uU-.'l.ill[l.lYower unit and p 11 Herman.Nelson pr -heater were mounted On an Mk 11 bomb trailer which. can be h'l\Ve.d OtTer show or transported easily. A cover was iustnlled en the stack for snow lind min.

rocket

reach tnl' taxiway adjllueul t(~ the rnnway in use. The now Stand ut time required III !tnl'U rockels ttl a minimum. It is constructed of M" steel tubing with till loint~ welded. Ut~jght.is 5J!' a 2S"-x2H" working pl'1t1orrn is Installed at

(1m -er

and his crew after they

We Herman- elson pre-heater to k~ll off The- experlmcnt proved salisfuetory and e pediles engillu starting.

NAT'S'

MECHS

LEARN

OF

LIGHT

AI~CRAFT

~tr'u ,tot

fl~CAA.

bein.g the .regionnJ i1lspector for

RUn

the top. Hungs are provided to en(lblc the loaders In mrnrnf Ih platform. Tv,I!) trays ate buill lliln the bottom tn accenuaodate
enough rackets).

seA H

rockets far two planes
,<tIL'" •

(16
001\18 T'RA.ILItR
MAKES H.EATEIl POR.TABLE

comp~ete the requirercents for a license find insure th I'll R chance In enter commereiul aviation l:l]Jon discharge. Th", Seattle soli0 ('11 reports the highl1~ enrollmen], \\I1t.h 78 men taking the ('(lI1JSe. On.kJom~ bas 38. Other _~ChQoL; at Floyd lire Bennett, Sail l'edro, and Pearl Harbor,

or

The schedule calls or 1";1 16 weeks to work which wiu enahla most men to

Inl,""vwll

n\'

Hp~'bl(l. ACII'[J

~ 8u,4(!r I'mmle'lt-T"I~ appears to be u!efulll.lld is recommended to service -activilies foe '&udlirating IO(lWng.

Porloble
NW
WIIS fUl!J1d

Hea,ter
ow

Unit

;'5 Handy
the winter station

manufacture IlIlgine Ireater over. fa_. dlff~ellt Iypt\'l 1)£ air~raft, This necessity ®currea. due to the fact DO percent of our plnnes life made available for week-end

necesssry Por

Gfl()\'E-This

it
10

Drop Tanks Uck China Winter VMF-l.l1.. C:inKA-Operating in a • Buller Comrnenf-Bngm.e cotters Srock frigid, !~l'e(\,tllis squadron has: found n No. RIH.C-600tOO ahd RS3·C,6001,O would be more sat,isfactory if the W~atbe.., DCW use lor salvnzed Mk 5 drol"l'able fuel tanks, putting them to work as is below -zero. fuel tanks ffllT heaters ill shops and in Electrically ~heated Suit Wdrm personnel quarten , Vl\W-Ua E.i.cIF.tC-Pihlts have been A shmd for the tank is erected outu -ng the Colvinex eleetricall =heated ide the bu.ildiug so I'h nlel will flow flight suit when Hying since temperaby gravity to the heaters. The 150 tures often are well below freezing. gallons of fuel the tanks hold lasts In 011 cases the)' fOlmd them eomfortabout t\VD weeks ill thf! eeld here. 27

Aviators

Toke Over

Line Duties

T'Ii,,,,'E

CASTERS

ROLl.

BOATS

DOWN

RAl'IIPS

Wheeled
Jl\A5

BOClt Helps in Beeding
speed
llf!

THI;>:IIJAn-l'n

rulls illl(1 till' w.rter, ready to aid ~my of the hWH::llillg crew W],,, may get Illto lnlublt. II. 1uri b er (ISS Ists in seeunn g til C h IIChirll,( !!"'u, The boat is us ful fnr 1U11oadilllt VII' at the buov, thus SllVllig L"em the lU'~'IIu1():rt~lbl~ WHit in the tropicul

11"5 adopted an "amplubiuus "oat" for use hy the bellching ere'; h'~l1llttug PBM"II. TJ,e b at, pI! rked on the ramp, .needs only ItJ I",,'~'tlje "chocks" pulled, and It
tlJis stll(j'lll

and help n",kc lIptbe delkit In personnel.

operations

l)1i 11.,<; line, Unllnnu fur, ork details is trousers. lit II it v, \\ iii I "r \\ j t ~hil1t [ackets whleh were "4'(flILed ilUUl II dl't'IJI1lmb'S.i :ll!l<1 Mad)'11 Hdi> it v ill tLtL Il~ca. "iluts al twu divisions n H' il>lIi<tuel] JJlIC ,hili -s dll.ily llJld uugruented !lm sqnndrun complement of 'i~ I"lIlistl'd men. The] !lilt' rt" Ilruldk~ ill! I\'crul'l,l' :!2. IIJgl'tl> P«I" h~I-Hyiog day. Oue l1!1Y per wcd. is set side liS wash dtL~' wJtll all pi],l!-'

i\ v.isltor to AS !.:IHIJJ:;UI, Maul, T. H., """ule! h., led to Iltlie\" (lJ,lt the Marine CUI.[l1' l"lll taken 0 er pluntl captain duties till Air Croup J I aircraft, ohort<.ge of mainktlllll~'I' p!'r:;Ortu,'J IJ~<~ i-nusccl the usc of

chssl!li. each man j~ given b"Lining siI!1illiI to that given apprentices, 'rhis allows for thorough training in Iundameutals by slightly modifyiug 1111.1 exl)nnillng It I'Jl1g esta bUsh.xl training svstern and obvi, tes n cessfty for setting 'up u "qmrn:le training r(\l1:t'sc. in addiIWII Itl the special A&H instruction, each man will be required II') l'ullll,lete the t'onv.eutional
Navv ~H~ Traming ~ Course" Inr hill next Jjit!het •

by

Vapor luipe
JI1)$

Blast May Halt Corrosion
Sfl\llIUrOlI reports

ur

the JHM corrosion bugaboo ilIa), b· ellmlnated partially by US'e uf vapor
that
.~11l111hllltn plates, o'\&R Iamedn Iwen lf1akll'l~ tests on .metul which hn~

VB 2, AL~~lEnA~Tlli<

It.L),.\1s insJ1t::t~tiflg ;IIIU «rnlt,

~L'Iilbbli'~' HWll U

air-

blasnng nil
lIndergollE'

shCJw~Kl II:Hil the metal after hill~tdl lo~t Illw-Lhnu~l1ndlb nl the Aldad sllrhwe -wtl WI... " .,I0<\I\eo of nll L·I,rJ'IJ,lou. All unusual Ieature of tlJe vapor hi 5thlg b the fad tbnt tIler!" is JlD appu.rent d'ITlla.gl· h-, Ihe Bnna-t 'p~' gil~kl"~ undl'r Oil' 111111 hottoiu rivet heads. This pruc ss It:1~ he\:11 submitr rilu l'IuAER lav NAS .-\l.MI"~),\ lor eonshlerntiou
lllW

nil types llf TIl<! l.~ts It(~in~ \'apnr oil) jnr;h of

1200 to 200
service,

hums

ne

nuder

1.!'tnt during the time Ifw plnne i& heing wau i.... -d For 11I:'ttchJJlg. 'Pill' hllh( WI dcsign(ld h_v A., E, Benoit, ",,·4'vIM!!. nuw .... !;'r\"illl! III 11 uivi1iul'I l',,plI('it· (>1 Ute ~n\li"". aud bullt by the ,·d.rpl'ull:r ~Iu.p. (l i~ 11!~ reet )[l\lg. has a beam of 4Jo< fe('t and a umfl of fnur Inehes, Its l'hobltu_I' is rruviued hy tlu"c casters five rnd, , in ·ll:lptcter.

.1Ipprm·"J.

V1tfQ(ltmatdy.

them

W" m·

PII.OTS

MA.NNING

I..Ir.lE

EXPEDITE TRAINING

A&R Trains Men on NorfollcDuty
NA'
(!J1H!l'llle I mm 1,,·1' assigll{J(l NOIWOl ..K-Tb,is station sel lip 'ill trnifLiug pwgmU1 for the ):l1q:~e vlarion rllti1.I.gs wlip IIlI\/(' heen here for A&R lrltinillg. A luta!

portable vapllr hlast units avatleble. ,\l£l:tll Iu IIlric·iplitn xrrnplcfiou of nne that (,':~11 be l1~!~,1 nirCl'tlft ill I'ns~ihlv In J!I1I1L ry Ifr 11 ·bnJliry.

nr .

Prop Racks

CuI

Storage Space

III 14] 7'

AS .I\:t \~IFlI,\- lllra!ti" niCks developed (In this ha, nnw provide. more compact tit(~n'l.ge fIll CI'H~s 2U5 pn'pclll·rs. Lumber used was I nlail tit! U'IJItl 511II agl! nt IIU rlt"nsll tt~ the Sll pplY Dupl~rttllel1l, DiFctullt type racks provide ['If t\ 0, three lind tnllf-bljl(led prop.,Uers. '111f:\ are SO COfJ$!rn!Clt'[[ tltllt the weight of th~ pnl[Idler r('~I~ (In -tlie" hub, rdi"" Jog all stress un the bladt·s.
.lllIsolidtttiulI .ulditioll
ltr storage

- uS

U1\!1t

TIl(': program L~ hosed lin lltt! llrmllise Ih.d; lI~h mnn wtll he ill tlllt A&H. cl 'pal't!llt'nt

I ,II

"~tard.
j\

ha

hl'",n ~lItbol'i2:~,d,

with

It,,-

dw;In<r

normal

t-wn-year
into

tOllr

(l[

JltU'C duty,

It is divldcd

tWTI

spite e has T(!111!:'~'"racks :.uS()

'1Illl'd ill II .~Hirl IIf It[l'pU .....IIlUlf'!~· 4Ult. III i S1lVe in I trw. of twl rt-hOltFS hecause I.mSt' ii, imullJilig uud inh'lltnr.l'.
I" 5[1:"'''' s!wings.

uf

rrf'.~: 1. \! ~1J-rtIlr~1 well P03e w ill be insttlLeled rr 1mnrily as skilled tuechuuies, 2. PO le nud PO will receive (r.:fin in).!; 'lrltich .nrtis'St1~ Sllp tViS'jolJ .. Full advantage iJ; being taken (1[ IIIe "\:av~' wnrk hnprovement progrn.m which ;~ Hutlin I in "'CPT 230. POle and CPO's wJ11 ntteud supervisory t:rnining olssses conUllctr'U b til 1'0 tionnl trainiJ.g (lffi.;_-er. )th"rs Iitu \ ruder wgoir,,1 nee nl. shup tra inIIlj; Instructors, Ji:;>;_(.~pt fOT those lwn

cnlego~nfl POZe

COVER£D

T1'tUICK

·HAULS

LIBERT .... PARTIES

Libe,.ty

Truck's

M:.\ .-:?d ;1;;11\ cold weather thts, squadrou rl;'~'eHlly eonVetted .11/ 40-£t. senn-trafler it)t() ;1 llbertv bus. apoJ?!e of <I~conlfl,ICl~latil!g 65 people the new ng WIIS (;uoslnIC1"t;l eulirr-ly from ~{I_I\1aged ptuls <l1,d e.qwptl:ent. The trailer IIff,·rs complcu- prntt:cUon from Ilw we.'1t!wr lor men goilJg UJ] Iii erly.

WefJther;zed RON-With the advent pf

Mgrines

Devise

Point

Thinner

MAG·2,1-\Vlien th slIrply elf p~tittl thinner was :-xha1ls!ed teet'lIlly Headquarters ''llltldfOn fli,'hL ~,wH"11 faced t\1t' pr"bl .. 1U ,.1 pulliug n finish on the prup_ 1ler" of ih it FI'3C\ wit'hour II\(' pnlpcf Illh. twoe. Sevewt e>xpetilll nts :.ltHw,·d llllli Pllrnlkdll11(' \\ t~$ .1 ~l\lisrncrfjn' ~11I(;1<:'asily apJJlicd :;uhslihlte . JI' the rrl'opdb L~ fit~r waslll'\l witll gtlsnl1nl" and the» pitlnted wIth one conI I,J Par,llkcttll I~', rust will be prcVl'!Ited &(1111frmnillg for <It leas.t eo hnlln;; Ilr Jh'ing time .
.. BuAer Comment-Pciot" co the pajnting Df prQpeller blades. Par;aiketon,C WIlS jn
NEW PROPEllER RAC!<'S oEVlseD
AT ALAMEDA CONSOLI DATE6TORAG£

AREAS, SAVE SP,IICe

COMmon

u.se

on

props

lI·S rileS!

p·rellcm.ive.

28

1Iestrlctcd

NAVY PLANES TO US HIGH PERFORMANCE FUEL
169_ ~~O_

.
__ 1.4~

!

-

.>6"'ff.r~"'IIIC:. .wmIJdi.-.
~IO~t ~Ht ~W~~~~~

".11

,<>

'"

CQ

no

:IE
:0

..
z
II

I
1

I

1 I
1

« ~ CII o. ...

... '"
100 DILBEIIT OSED

z

i
I

i j

I
__ 5 __ FORMULA NUMBERS ARE OE;RIVED

US 1~5 RATINGS THO

"ANKS

CONTAINE.O,

100/130

PERFOR'MIINCE

FROM EMPIRICAL

and in{'lu(lirl~ 100 lU'C e; pressed u1 IIlI(lltlf' muuber. 1'h11>fud W.IS develop("._l d urin g tIl Dining. lh trunsitiun period Jrem gracle I(i(J'I;3() (0 grn!Ie U.5/145 all 1\ 11' and was ready £01' issue at the t'l'8salloll IJI' hostilities. However the pilots are call1illn sd to operate el1giut's huge shategic targflt reserve of grade nuly OI~ !'1;It1n~s estublishcd for wad,a 100/1 .... remaining in this C'ountry 0 IOllt 130. Thl' PUllIIp color of gt'<Icle I 15!1,45 will disHnglliJJh It from the IlTevel1(eu Its previous .nloptiun. The present udnption of gr::uJlt> I 15/1 5 nl1 gJ'C't!JJ lOP; lBn £r • de, the onrnhat luel Ct~fl1l~ueS with the . All extended ~l'QSS 'ounu;y or felTY [)(!ph,tioll of the above reserve supply. (lights will be conducted ut engine III (lhtlciputio!l of the use of this m(.illgs lor gr'lde 100/] 3(1 Iuel 5i11C 1I0W fUl'l Iwflll'c the ,WHr'~ end, several gmde 1J 5/145 may uot be available at toll gin s were ussizned power lletlin:;.~ all fueling stops, til utiri;!'" ~he exG'fI puwer available [rom its usc'. Dt~lay in the a,u(lJ')tiorl Board Charts Progress of Work III the· new hrel r['sldtcd In power CASl'-32-Thj SotrvjlJe uuit uses a cll!lrtI'l'stricttllns. r UJllfd f or P!j~t'ing B u r eu ~I 1'1 f A etlJ!tllU tics
cllgille~ of 18dO ell, in. dlsplueeiueut ~ull) {[lin"!;,, up Lu

become "tandard Fuel for coml t plan S J\f tlli!> summer. The new Iuel. which IS' grade J 15/1~5, will be used ill all

higl, perl' A pmve.r ofiucrease :-;triking
NEW

which

wil]

muunce ga.soHne the mnge t'll1d nil.va] Hllialion will

The grud_1: llcsiglll1tiwn .of lhe new ]'II~'I is expresserl ill terms of 11e1'Fommnue numbers which are hmied VII unfi-kunck t(1l1lplifiSons with mixtures FIr tetraeth y I Ie ~LI:l ;\,11 d oeta n e as ~lI!W!l in tl e chart above. Grade designntiolls In terms

if Ullth:rgllillg I.'nnbiJ'ilt,lIull fli modi[!. eutlo II , the sit nares ;tT(' ),t·l~m. Those IlwlliLing parts befur(' lwing L·"rri."l "'II Ire paiuted 1)l't'I\']1 ,Hid Hlr)~ lint ,Ip~
[llicllhJ,~ life. white, E,1.,J, type cmrL hus its ~'llilTlilfI \(tl "I

lli.tll~t" uud hu [1,,1ill~. BlJll.l'[h n re Ill! "1(1l.,d I rI hUII'es It, " eun I r stauchlou in ll,,· I,''!. fJffiQ~' ~U1d 11111' h~ ~wul1g hito..k "~II\"\
LlII- huTh1Ie~I(J "1'111"1\ flnl

""'I,

(l~

;tir-

ITI

use

Handbook
NAS

Helps Worker
'{'vvt-,t!

Training
.\ ~'".tr.. I'f

1;:1l~f1l1 snuly, eullechng ul inlormariun writing alii] eel ling hnve {h~H.II'p,1 \ 1~page l)~'ipectoI', 1'[<llltlbm)i,; wl,idl i~ iS~!I' d to M'J, pl.uson ill the lnspe t:iL~n DepartIII en t "to tal1l Hiari'lt' I Lin. '" Hh g" 11l'r11 ) Ii• 1 g;u1~ti(,Jll, l,llli,·ie,., :U1!1 Im/t't!ullrI's of f

J lI.e ·SIlI'"rll ..L~ -

was prepared tu ,,111 ,II" a hetter org'm~1llillll tlu'ol-U!;ll t,lI\d..rdi~ .•· lion I)I illfuMnati"u h. (!.\:j1 dl!TI\'rld .u.rl now employees aOI'1 ccntalns sucl. ~ublt'(_:I<

department. This halldl)lluk

as cl'miu III l~JmlJlU_tlu, reJ>p!1l1~jh!lilif"
inspection luspeetiou'

tot

Tim nbllvc el1j!ines cau nnw r tucu I:jl Lh~1' higher 1)()'lVllr settings unci most 1,\llI:!!' (.'Hltlhnt ell 1111"~ call b raised III power. Tim incrense ill power wlll \ Hf)' with di.R:enmt eH,gin~ und engine.nrplanc l"11lliJiuuUtJl1S. Instruotious fOl' lilt' fltl)II(,1' inc~J'~.:<Isr' to be ns~jgued en<lill£''> will. gl'lldi.' 115 1'·i.'5 will be. i!lSlll'd

dlllllges and bulletins, giVIng a qnick estimate Ilf ~he compliauee therewith, s eadl cllllUge 01' bullet .. , is completcrl '-lie s'a uares arc painled .r~a\

11 ~Ilp.en i~ll~

,\,pt'dilJ1l l!j~-p('ctitm

PfN·'1d,u'p-!<. bundling
handllug
ami
al'p

lLllIl iuspeclur, IWl1dhng ,II sllmlJ:ls tlnJ badg('~. li\tnl'W !III I :.JIUp rules, gt'll ... al mr

inturrnatton,
As dumge

or

nf tl!t;!hl,ll' ••1 (";lkr!.,! iHI'PI'!

rrn irflng.
r

vI lh· increased pm-, lhe new file] the fW will realize all increase 01 I(j% in take lin lJOwer, his \ III result in shorter take·off, increased tate 01 cl i:ml,. lli,~hcr maxim om velocity or longer nlllges.
A,~ lIH vxumple lnrrnauee IIsing

hv

l:IU.AIH1.

11111111', ('orn'<'li,m p.tg'''' ar~ t.'lSJu~d to the II:u,dhiluk 11IIIkin it an up-te-dute source of InltJrm~\UUII, 11-w employee can, iLl a w(wk of ('"nSJ;if'11ti{!!I~ ~t\tdy Qf til" ill5!'!' l>.lr'S Handbook. have

COLORED

5QuAflES

TEll.

STATlIS

OF JOBS

hi ken several months to absorb llu'lJlt!:(i, JnspL'Cl'iCJO directives lind v"rh,1I lm.llJjng Employees in tlw Department re glude·d by all the iufonuutlon In 111f' hundhuok.

a good working kU(.\wledg~ 01 1111' f" ~1)'I,Itit>n Department II j,i"h pr d'1U;oo.lj Ii",

29

PREVENTION OF ENGINE OIL EAKS

~ .1
~ ~

# "
l>
b Bllte a u
!r~[le 'If'd

subjected (I) exees lve heal, and Ilgin6 !Jpl.'wlhm should tllerefore be invc-stign:ted 'A hUH Oil 1,;tks are cropping up at high :lllp" TIl!' bnck.~rOund to this probll'1tI Is ucd ill ('1 51'1y with Um overall ('(J()liu~ sys. tbnl which 1~ os't.l [J'!l (,igb--pnwer'd radial
"lIgiJu:.

To achipvi' prnp·r 'noting tllr(HI~h a wide spnu of op~rNHng jill 1VlJ1 . air S Indm[1~ SYS{l'111S III d oglll nwllngs nil e hI! n ,!t.\tlsed hi h:uc:e air n.rnlmd avlindttt h"nd 111"Id lll'r~d Ahlti"~ In f!,der to prnvlue lin :"d~qll!lte utr-cocling p.teSl;ure drop,
Ollfinl!:

night,

rum IliT

(!(lnlT()llcd

by

cowl

Ii:..ps. can be varied In maihjnln n nClw of !Ifr llir()u~h this bl'llRmg svsteru in an ,I" 'OIIJ)t consistent wfru eogit((' coolmz ref! u I rem 0 nts ll!1 d tll1l S prevea t everh e.al:iog ,,( the cngiJ1L' DlII'ing ground opLltalion.

A,l~i~'~~
D
of AerQlIIlIlli,'$ hu received 11 nunlbe'l' HOM's ir!lpurtlllj:l 3 high frequency (If

I'

however. a dt,fluitr C'.Qo\!ng prolilein oodsu, ..u.lce litll . 1lUll. Hir is II wllbl!:' III TO(lmtain lID i\;lrqIHlII' llow ul ;'liT' Lhrou~,h the haIrun~ system. (1'j urntive] , lilt' engine i in th·
pOSit llJll us ::t fi sh nil t n r wa ter: the n'h. hy flllplrj', l'l1I\'t Ill' c'xpeo:eu III show it~ 5WIIIltnilllO ' [iilitv whl'll ')" the ~·"lInl1. (BId III!' eugiue, oy de.'!ign, can't 11,' eaJi,"d>!c1 til ~hl)\ it~ 'Ilwfalil ~ 'Ibitit) \ hen 1111 (bt' grtJUnd. S,\JIll:

ttl rNtlio pi (1)1.'1"(,flling ohm " I"gisti.·s, nud :>ddllio"al pressure applil'J to s:uJ:fae{.s liT juluts I) tween which the of mnterial is lustalled ~\ill nut measurahlv minor nil leaks, Ofrl.tIldmg puin Is of 1011 kImprove its sealrmr ,lhUIL or ect II ilg are largdy cQnliued to ourees fir iund permnnent uorrectlun, This mny, in part. o,:ylinder assemblies iu radial. alr-couled I<'xpl'tin why ffitlny ,,(I leaks rcctLr at glllnd eugin . These small leaks are gcnerllllv nuts, rocker hoxes, reeker shaft 111.111;, etc., il!!eepred 118 nuisauee !?I'abICJIIS MeT arc too \ 111ch hac1 Iun-n rtlturfll1cd III j;l'ronler values lltecn neglected as a. source nf .RU fJM when le,lktl!,l' II II" e points was init:1ally material: yet. tn !heir sum, II large rerrvldenced, ] C is tlrurefore imporlant tll (Jf>ITmge of rnainlennnce lime is spent In l'Ol'footing such wool' discrepancies. determine the ('OnfUli()u of the sealin 1lI1l. erinl s before iI ttenrp tin g to l'ep;UTthis t ;!I a step toward red !Icing these uialntetlllllte problems, t!l1g:il1e manufacturers are lYlll tif AU Ie k, as lhe cause of leahg [r quently forwarded reports .of servi te U1UY be (\ faill.n'· of the material rather than lack of sllffitlieul pressure. dltr:u:uItic!s experlenccd 011 ttu iT qllipnwnt. fUld in many Instances the frl'".qlllmey of I ill or h"l1kag_e has in some cases eaused these reports on Il. specific, off nrling ;5U11r(!~ op raLJng :wtivit!es 10. pull engines premuturely for a reason loosely enlled ""x.bas: led to mnjor redestgn work. At tht· uesslve TIl 'inlenance," These engines ·ur. same time, new l pes of gaskets, hoses, usually classified :1$ failure, since oil leak and packings are contim .. lly under tua age 11aJ become 1;liOh a chronic treuhl vt'sngati!lD in an ffmt to £nd or d(>,'eltlp tlial ruulutenanee time spent- II lh lln<flnt IIIfl'teriais with more durable sealirtg dtarwas- jndged tu he tlet commensurate ~l~' :II teristics. sJ)tltL utilization perio 1 !!:!lined !'lrm' 'ince the problem of oil leakage i HIh"Y

URCoIC tJ'e Iast

ruonrh

err

I'l:lnuiug llf an en·Jin·, even hend temperatures nit\. not be '\~'I:'ssfvl", tuiuls lo he..1t lip L1... uacelle hv thr- sam" -onve 'lh'l1 1I1H1 rMlialHlH prmdl,Irs dllil make all electric ov n so .suc\!I's~flll, WitCH th cuwne is shuL rlowu, tlil! little uiI' blast, gaitll~d [rum th proll!>tkr blad cshu» k or cuffs, ceases, 1Ii"] the "i~lH;'st It'ml"lemlllr ~ tWn [11 em ling are recorded :\ few min u le-8 1h er 'after, Duriuz this tlme of no ~ir nnd no nil drcululilJl1. seals, gaskets, ete., are Sl1hjl~t!ttlJ LO residual cngiue heat which is qlllt(' !tHem I;'.~r)eda.lly On the tor side 01 the l'uginc. This aecounts fOT pflW('r sectiun oil leak.'1ge being more pronounced ,U'lIlUJU top-side tltl.n it is around hottornJW\INP

Glllllligh

ttl ~I gr lJtec err 1'ss r t1t'gr e. and Since sueh leakage presents n ddlnibe Hight hnzanl, it is important that this limitation be U'(lUgnized It ntl preoaurinns taken 1(1 111ininlize the frequency of lenlmjtC' i\~

11l1rcnt in

nD

preSSTU'l!

lubricated

engim~s

addi(!ll1l(ll

a,e

re~idual \lughu' lilmt. it is -nded thn when' I.'onal!iuns !II(J (.,vorahle, ('III ,.illes \)(' operahul ror several urinutcs at low RPM' after gTonnd ch eeks or post Ilizht fCL-tiing in order tu reduce head
Tn minirnize
fI' l1IUrIl

side c linden,

work

warequire,l. \vork 1nad

ITllllblt'snme

It is apparel'lt, and quite_UIlderst~nil~)hh?,
c

loc.'ltfoll!t.

that the power section of r adinl engines one SQutte of olileaka~e, siuee tMs scotian operates at I'IJevated temp r3LLU:e.~ witl) attenOo.llt f!)[pall~ion of ])!lTts. nder most air 'um~ll~'(" the pbysiClUl pmpertl. e.~ of packio?;s lHul ~rtskets Me tlOt II !vCl1lely affected d wing ihe expllJ1sion (lr I.luntraction of (11 wer seol::iQTI CIln:JpOD.~1I ts, sill ce. thl'!Se to.11 erillJs are t q 1lilfe suppI' and pHnlll" lluwev 1\ t.be I'! proporties.are a]t1=J.'lld Illd the n1nterill]s bcc:ome tl·fllmled and britt:le Wll n eXJposed to exCCS.~iV6 heat over. II prolongcu period of time. 'Whetl:3 seal 01' gasket becomes thoroughly baked aDd embriuled, it cannot be
is a numbtil'

reasons. there is always ill questio» as to whet-her causes fOT minor II leak;l~e wer~ ])wper1y diagnosed nnd eorreetlid when .first experif;llleed. or ~vhetJlld innde(,[11al:e methous ,I'ere lJljed IIJld recurrent leaks and disC'!' pancies accrued -along until the Wengthy tn,sk of oorreoting the ~um of rul
ih Vi!"w of th case of It is (.'om.') ivable that" in the. interests ()r .rJ1ll[?lele, llCClIlnlte UII I, the record~ should list these (>JIgll1e5 llut as sr.ryiee f(lilnr();!l,

W

HI'!'

engines are pHI led fur

outstd . air tr"rtIpet("l(ure and the 'particular nacelle's p;rollUd cllolln~ I haracteristics, eedless to say, all ground rmwing should hi. dnae wllh cowl flaps wide open and, if possible!, it wouW 1>1' decsimble to shut Lli en~ine dmYJ'l. with th ai:phlDe brulLled .tnt(') tIle wind wllh cuwl fl p9 open l1.1tti] th", engine is well
[f these :fe\ points ell.] leakage crllTeati n iloll engin' grOlmd ,operation a.m folIDw.ed \.\ helle""l possible. minor rHlwef sectioll oil leabge will be reduced atld far le~ ml,iuklllU1C wjll ho. required to keep en. gin~s it, Il ~flti~factllry Qpl't!ltiog condttklJl.

h'lllperalUl'es ~i~lenl with

to

a mlnlmmn

VAlue

(:011-

;ooltd.

di!lcrepancies

appeared

(lilt lif pxop rtiOll ;111 engJ:ne oh,..ngL·

hut

I'll'

ruaintenjj,(l(:....
liTrjl',

f(tilures.

il is quite jlol>sibr" nhuse. rathcr than t1•• ,\(:Cfuru or II ]lU'ge :nu:rllb(tr Qf imprOp(!r1y l.'{l~rt'cted discrepannies, is responsible ror mllch cbronic oil kok<lge. As I'revjou~ly menouned, SllaUllg materials of. a soft, pliable nature. detcrlNate rApidly Wl1f;lll

At the &\1me thtlt operational

VP 53-Mttmber~ of thiB squadron llllve Pi.kmI added illterest.in squadron efficie!'lcy. I'lrga11iZll.tion Md DlOrale. A suggestion box hus been provided aDd the Commanding Officer has authorized ti,t" WelEnre Officer to give (iI'" dollArs from lhe welfare fl1nd to ead! rnall wh()s~ b'l,lggestion is accepted.

lD

either the male or female hinge (GLM Part Nos. 152Bnl52' and 16213721539) occurred in 90 per cent of the assemblies. This activity manufactured a tool ~o take lip the stress Imposed by the disassembl of the '>llhject parts. The tool ha reduc d brcak.l.ge to a negligibJe mount. Mru1luacturmg speci~ Ikations and method of use are shoWIJ in the accompanying drawing,
VMR lSS--Tn flig1.t" nFt('f:l cllmh to und I!'\' ·I.df at 8000 feet :m 1l5C.,J, l'<II:wa-~OOfil Cl'Jgiu~ that ha~ Lllcnnlccntiy ,o~erllilUlt!d. began cu ttillg out and bacldiring. '\I[tmifolil pressure was lmmedletely rerlueed, but It was £I)1Inrl thal th" pressur would not drop blow 27-iu{1il!!s. l Intervals the PlIgiJ\' \ onld run smoothly allhnugb :1 1111lxjmUlTI of only iru."l.v'S could be ohtniued at full throttle.

Irtfolce Pipe

Fails

of 8000 Feet

:n.

I\lR

CONTROL

ceNT~R

WITH

PIPELINES

TO

TH ..

KEY

OFFICES TO

DIRECT

NIGHT

FLYING

RQda r Keeps Close Contro I on Marine Night Fighters During All Time They Are in The Air
Air ~"'"Jup 31. b,wk in Slal(l.'i l1Jtt"J' fI long tour uf duly in the Orienb, has developed it I!IJI.tl·111 ('ent@r ut M .1\ l\lrn,.u.tAli whidl gives finger tip eontrol of all pJ(1I1('s iII ll.ight operations. An 1!.iJ'craft i.~never out 01 radar control from the time ir: is .air horn C 1111til Ils \'i' h eels touch the rnnwa . 'the group L.; composed of nLF-SM ;"II1d MZ, the former with 12 F7F .... 1N lUrCJ';lft equlEpe~l with ClH20 radar. The latle:r squadron has llC'f/ctifll but is reneiving 12 1'4u-.nls. Nucleus of nighl op.n·rltiqns fllr M1\C>31 j the cnnLi'()] center call 'u Gusty,
<\I!'N'E

M

United

ompClsed of

ali An -1

"HFtranlln)itter

and receiver. set up m a regltlar execntive desk, it permits :l staff dllty officer t!l euutml aU "night flying. He has an opeFnljflg area chmi, (111 the desk ?efore him to 1:ee.p check Oil planes in th~ areas whioh are assignea before takeoff. lIpOJJ being airborne ,pilots are requfred, to check with Gusty, then again when leaving ail assigned area. When over the base for l:rndJng, pilots {Ig-ain Me required to check in. '!his avoids the hazard of a pInne "oing down and
n t' (] .. owfn m iLs positiun. \Vilhiu easy reacbing

prncedm·e. However, one c1IiIl1JI.C:'J 1,:> gllllrded b. the dllty n(}icer 1:. Crise a plnne should return because or trouble. replacement is ready tUld warmed up upon arrival of the pilot, s:lv~ng valuable time. GmIty has proved itself invaluable us Hie cliIllllocnng link between the GCl station and the A unit located on th Ii ld. Wlwll 11,11 ~tircntft 0)1 a nigllt lligllt under control UJ.8 eer, requir~ n controlled lIpproaeh to tht;: Beld. the COl staUon V 'ctOTIi him to a certain approach, paint at a specified altitude. Wheofhe aircraft is in this position. the Gel lit:l~on notiJles GtM'l!} VeT the direct telephone line. C!l .... hi ty turn calls eGA station (Ch@cker) over VnF anu gi\'!3!i a positron report of the. nil' raft When Checker pIcks up the plane, Gusty notifies the plane to swlteh VHF eharmels for C/letlkR.f control, Also with the control, center is tl {detype maehine set ·lIp l(I receive latest weath f sequences. With undesirable weather due planes are recalled C]uickly to the field \\litJ,. little trouble.
:lIIU
l\j'

The plane was II! Iwn bacl;; ,to the field The eng.!"

whore tbc t'Jlgine compll;':lcly !itQPped while tmdiug LIJ Ihe line, '.. since it bad b... n overhauled by the Army .It ohlllighai. lJ1~p¢t.1Ji.on showed tha~ tl:m

!ttl..1 30.4 IK'U1$tlywg tim",
&

or

had been damaged, so that desir d pres$ul"e could not be mninfained in tile cylinders. .lJuAc: Coml7lerlf-Tbis, is the first report received on failure ef Pan No. 84997 Iritake Pipe. The p e Dba b[", ca use (I f failure is b cHeved
8.4997.

J'fN

front cyliudt'T Intake pIpe. Pratt

Whltney

to be the result of over priming faultY ,tarting tN!:hnigue, cauBing

(II~

other

ignition

of fu ..l in th" Induction

SY51em.

distuDce of. tile staff duty officeI' is a tation ph.one which connects him with aerology, !.:he tower, station operations and the dis}H!ns;.ll'y. lso Ylitbin easy reach 15 a direc~ pbone to the GroLUJd Control Intereept flJld Ground ConnoUed ApCOCO SOLO DEV'IC:E CUTS HINGE BREIlI<S proach station. VHF channels are ussigued to each Tool Aids in Sectt Tear-DOWDS squadron ItS operating channels and C 00 S()L9-UpOn (Bsass€ltnhl.uf are monitored by the ~t.l.£f duty officer the gtJJ1l1er's seat hinge on P.B!vI-5 airto check on pilot!; and RO efficiency craft, it was found that breaKage of

NAS TrI>I...AMooJ(-The first of the ex- avy blimps, beiDa erected in th hauglll'S by Dougla$ Leigh Sky Adertisinu Oorp.. of ew York. was flown to Moffett Field. Cal, with Lt. Cdr. Orazio Simone1li.VSNR (Inac.tiveJ at the cQlJtrols. Lt~ Getnge Steelman, USN (UetIred) who was In .cbllllge of the erection, ncccmpanied him on the £fight south in the fOnne,T 1..,-10.
MCAS Et. Tono-Sbnlt!zybug..; wanted I ilia need became acute recently for plrotogTnpllers, the stftti(iQ photo officer hegan !l training pro,grwn at the lab f,)( 12- aspirants for aerial photographers' jobs. O,nly men with an SSN of ~21 were considered and hail to have. p'Mt pboto experience -as olvillans or fin lnteuse interestill tlte- urt of banging M\!a,)' \\-ith Ii CllJ1I ern,

When

31

AVIATIO
til
S1fHr~
[II,.

PROGRESS
TIle markei t~II liquid typ
ill
;l

,(,iN""
t
I

Jjfl1d11

n~·, .... ,ml'(

~'JI7rt.t.

lilt/,t 1("irl Pf"'~l"." f~"'I.Y,i"H 'HN1tT ~r di(!1Jl ure b~r,~~,*irftjl 7'/'4 v t~I'r/~'r /It F;'H;""'~'JU. illl"l11l
l'U'I~IHJlr'J~ ',Jt 'tWlr/l
IJ

cnuhulleu

trmrU',-.

i.".

plastic Husk lroldinp; on . pint of rodumln dye snlutlou. It I exploded deliv of an initial lilt .. I Sis will be Slllgfld Iu determine th pl·flclicnbi.liLv of this or a similar lype clovi('c £01' mark. lUg survivor 100lt1:jons in Sl1!)W areas.
1')'

by

II

hourchon

11

'(Hated

:'(4)111b,

PQIJ

Airborne
Sup",rsonfc

Equi.pmentDivision
personnel

Project -BvAml

have discussed the merits of a supel;~ snnlc il wgl' mspection process \vilh
Sperry Plo{h rcts, I lie. The prOeteS '. tie,

Irom U t '1"111 12 \~lPOIl IHj and ».4 ,( Mk 2 Mud ."l) units are rnn!>t n'Cllntly produced with b ~l relfahilit ~HJU tlt'tlil control. AiJditirlUll.J procurement will' be of til!' hltCKt type with prnvision In the contrnet .for Ilpj1lyiliK iUljI.'o\(·d paraplex t)yt: prop ,1111111 if 11,,: dr.v~hJ[lnHml of paraplex is su rIlel nl'lv '111\',\l1oe<'l arid s:!ftisfac:tory til 1-1 liM·." J I i.. t"ln~iderCld JeliirnbJe to' llS!.' tJI' l211Sl.(lpU n-.:! fill' all J. ,TO operattons CX(1.'l2P.t JHM, Tllgh j\Imp and other cold we.11.11 perntion~ II which duly l2AIIIOOU r D4 shall be used, AU S....8100 JATO Mi' JIOW su psnded Iroru use, It is: intended ttl st.ruullli'c1~e on 12,tlslO(JO JATO aed elirni-

111lteusa

serflJt:d. in u Gel1n,L11 report, involves project inn of the object by m(,,:LUS ol SHllrlcl wuv 'S and acoustic lenses on to a receiver Iilm or ~l'r~t'n Ih~lt JIIC til Irs ~pedld propl:rti('s, challges the ucoustlc
in'Jllge 10 nn opHeldJy visihle picture. Consensus of opiuion is tlllll the method has promising. possihiHti!'s with nrl1.1IItllges (W('1 t'IIIT('llt in"p'di(HL I nf'tlulils. NOII·JllfiG'lI1i11C1b,le
b ..

lx insulated loud leekers fire. being forwardml til I T for
Mes.si1l9 GeClr-

rhe purpose

J"CIJOl

nmcad 1\ tiOi IS.
Gear

IJj St:1'I i~~' f'vn lU-Rliou An

~I

d

Mod ~1and Mk 51 !llod 8 are the latestI YPc< j gn aer.\i v.'i tll 1Il est rellab le jgn{nan cliaracteristl s aud shaY! he used ,ifl J T
'J])("lr'llintls.

f.r- l!AS1000 model entirely. Mk 15 J

Anti·Blac:kout

mrule] Dm:id

HydrClilJi<:

F'luid -

dtnlnlw has been inst tiled ill tlu'\ 0·1 ulrp lune t hat is lUlucl'goin g acI'l'krlltell service test. III Patuxent River, TOslB of the hydmllli« sy~l<'m npol'Htio!l will be giv rn priority so that the _IJ(Jl'11I1l1 .'pacating li[ can he simulated in Ihe first 120 hours 01; flight Anti·Wr';tf udditives hav 1u,'en fntlUd L l!at will do\,1)1 or triple pnml lifl" ill 1 ench lesL~hut the stabllity of the ,uJdlllve is stil] !lot ntircly satMHdol'Y_
Engine Pr~5er\l'Clfly~

Hy·

te.sLIIJ!!in [nnuary. This suit utilizes lJ capstau type pressure bladder on arms ,15 well !IS fill lC'g:). The bladder i e;lsily ad ptetl f(~1' altHnde work. Iti' ·cmlemplttted [hat the final "g" uit will hea oombinntinn "Henry type" .IHtud 'tli~Illid 1IIIti.hllH..'kIlUt suit,
Hig" ArU#ude Sult-A C(mtl':tct

anti-blackout :l1I1l ,r:aold hy lile Clurk COlJ'VHlIY W)lS ready fUl

hllpl'Oved

lor de.

v loprneut

with Douglns Aircraft Corp., £1 SegllmlLJ Division. This suit will iuoorporate lL11 of' LJlll leatures uev>ll1[led til (late. ,UIJ w ill hI: used Iu l\Ullj II II euou I"iell pr ~SlU" ca hill l.... nlrcrall. fo 'P· efll1.~rgcll('yuse ill event 1()s$ (,If cabin
1 (1'S!.tI!
tl't'.IIl~
I;

high ultltude

of

jli·e.ssl1ri'1.ed uft f r fI,v1ng is beillg llegoti[lreil '

Hie development

+-Fur'ther work ou of h"'twi!ll' hadied

altitudes,

W'

nece$'iity

r

r bull-oul

or

JATO InstallDtions-Nv report has l:lfll!"O I't'~'('!ved eOJlNlming instnllatlon nr usage 01 JATO kits slupped to U.S.s. P(Wmimll U.S.S. St. JI(lIsl and US,S. Golufldws for us 011 SC·l plillles. R.Clpid Fueling and be'ueling-.'\dapl"ion nr jet airplanes for cnrrier mit! has lner;~.ls"d in scup .. 111' .!ttc.'l;I(.illut shipboard furlin~ and dofUtMn~ problems. By means 'Ir f I ling lind J.efuPling equipment produced hy till' 'V!I}"lle 1>lJlJlp Co., fuel ean b~· delivered lo aircraft ,tL n grently Increased ral with a dditioual ad,,'antages of bcil1~ ahle tu Iuel HnJ u fuel through the S!I1ll£' 11<) :'. Adaptiou < (11 lhis syst m is heill!: l~)IISiuerndbv I3USlill'lI and .Bu.:\.EJI. CotClpUIt ";unchlng .Bulletlns"':'" BlIneH1L~ lot the IT4-J, H4B and H2-l oatapult flJ,' model 113 r-8W planes hav hI'!'II prepnred and are 1,eing reviewed 11, .. i'M 'I Lefor is ue.

at ex-

Piloted
Goodyear

A ircraft

Division
Go

indicates that much better proteeti n an he obtained in engine interiors lhan with the stunelurd mnt rial under "l'lditiQtls of long term storage where dehvdration is not practical. r' ~:'111011$"' !1l'(, I "iu~ )11'1".
I'}:tr

preservative compounds

u.s.s.
JATO

Ships

Insfollation

Division

Airs"ip-TIl

dY)ar

Alr-

tlssiglu',j carrier -

VClIIe y Forge~5hops and hlcil1ties lor air d pnrnneurs 'l1-lIml'~I tbi~ ( ('\ 45) nrr- more ~<llisfllL't(lrjJ y
LLWl

e(luilJpnl
J~lilQOO

All
IH.

rm previous
l>!_-\J;1000
D-4

e n for

tIll'

W'W

~

Y pu

1'01[111 llll

n

{I.

aud

units

JNrO

ships !IF elnss. f''''''''I)( tllf' are -ll!iptmd.,d

SynthetIc

Rubber-l.ertnin :peci6cations 5plluge ilnd generAl utility l'uhhe:1'that do rIot t.,'C]uil' gasoline, oil of flame ff'~is~IWQf' ,l1't being cons ill. Inr

foamed,

hit, submitted a prOPllSlll fill' al'! ellgfncering study of PoD airship capubl of piolcillg IIp sen-water h 1I0st und refuel ing at sea ~~ ~hat he en n rr-rnuin WIth II conv lor an hllll,fillit, period, XR60·'-This Loekhucd cargo tnln~V[Jt't plam- i~ nnderg;t)ing t'l 'Ulj.l! llil inNpf'<iioll rework 101 landing g(."lf. htlru:ing,s, iTllitrtl~ ltltloll III !f'~l' cnju!jJullJlIl !).EId Ceca Gnr·
bUf('l!rtr!.

craft Corporutiou

Ilred for r6visiou.

Til· 1'11hher ;lll1u -

If) I:; lU'gillg ;:t r la... Ii, IU uJ tcstTictill1l5 ~! tm lise lit !hltU1'a! I'L\bbl;"r ill ~ovcrrunont

specificiltiolls nuw that l1ill~.r:ll rub ht' I' is becomiug ill 'I'easiilg;ir ll\.lilable.
metal cllgttle
·20

E.ncjlrre Co~tCllners:-

and

,U1d thc' W~stfrlghouse
i(W>I~ j~

cont.llner

fDr the Tt-4360-~
2-t.r:

light

weigbt

cflnsid r d. Tho cxp~rieue(' of BI1,AJ;:R :lUd .u' in dcvelopin~ Ole. contuimsr fm' the lll:rn 'lIgtnc ~vill, l"'ilVide a ,:trdstick for evaillatiml ()( lbt' Pl·oposab.
Dye

fn-rho jet

benlg

JRM-2,A ground ~ihfllij!)n survey ,\:'ith CIU'US~ );!3{) .l'Uld lOla bln{!t' vropellarl> with lhl1 stiff elld hull sl1'ucture 111111beun ccmpltrh)tJ nl1. tJt.i~ 'flllpl:rme O(tTgo I.nl,llJiilHllt plane. s.'t d :IJetin~ental bHIDes foJ' one engtno i.\. J I slIpplit!cl. by P.mtt anq Whltnf')' Of L'II L:lIg ·v:Uuution. Test fligbtl< [or Vi}mt\lfJU !LIla cOCJliug lYere ..resumed in January. F7F-Divc'lj. or tl., 1:/1"-L\1 indfclItr thnt a !)ew OPImlI;lIg restriclion te.clmiClil ordel' \viJ] be DlW~~~~!II'Y becfllUB of 1.lltfetiol; ~tlSed by 20 111111 hlllsL tubes. FBF·l-CTunrJIIa.n is developing a new coufiguxlltiOll tu oll('reome ruddel' revers,ll

"ins

an

in steady

5io

'~llp

with

Morlrer-A prot.()~.vP (lye marker [01' lISe on ~now 1111· been oeveloped t Ilu Ell rerliw.sl hy Cl'U' I l'rndllC'ts Co,

01 jettis(loablll sinmltnncously.

"OUT.

SOLOED

A eua

IN WTS,

SIR."

wing tips are proceeding. Grumman servi!:e B,ll. wnn 31 will be inL'ilrpor:lted in all FBF-I's· to remedy wing and fuselage wrin~ling (':tlcQnntered ill re\lent catrfar operations.

belly tank. Tests

3.2

FR·,I-TL.csr pi.uj{'~ "1',' ~til! 1'1$tr.!etl·d in CUi C's peudtng c()[lJply~i!ln !.If un NAM statk' t.eiil and fm,'bl'jlurnIi1Itl of SUI'H: struelutlll (lho;l.lgfS. U~e\Vbrk:~t III!' ~'flll!L'.li'tm'·s plmrt is lleal'ing cnlnplcl-iPlI,

1ft dillNlral break.CoHtraow.r estiJ1<l es ~h~lt a d·r) ,(II1sLral'inTj plane, wlrli Illt'St'dl!£tIg-('N III '(!tp()fated will hl" ready lor PalllXCJI L iu six \1'('('''5, I!

nll't

1\llk 2;1 !;llllsighr plHlSIl' will nut

f,. 111H11~1"W!\OY'I'he SUUlHil" .. he rlllllpk'{n.l unlf] I,d,,],

in the

yl!tlr.

SC·I·-B"'l·1.I11~C·

/If I.'lJsl

Vi ~ty pltol'lj;,'fu t,1Ih: lljght 'er~!DIL~ rlnc1 122H [7~O-5's are to Ii"~ J'I'l)t'llr~d.
14 U-S PB4Y.JP-NAS

VO'rsi(JlI~,

50

f'Ofwt'Il!;i(Jtwl

Sill1'(' hlg

('tHw.uUOn proWII1l1 tl' It Il1rh{J will nlot be n:mUl't,d, II

in.\I~lvcd lilt' IllocllllL~ lw(,11 c·(1._lIr.rllt·d

""tvWI"

Lullelin

"Pi'I'11,tiJig

11"1I~ III

",HI Ill" wri!ll'" [mlll"'Ihlm:ok tiff lJI.' I 11till'.

Cn!ll'j'~ r:HJHS1'1'", A&R <1,,pi1rt n)('1'il' has ()!)Illpl!,t,~,1 It (lroW~rlwO~ the new p[lI1h)~(lpld,' t,tll'lfigllrlllioJl, "1.(1 .11 II' is- Z1!lW Ill,j1i~ h)1 Ii1gl.t h'~!cd,

Power
,'iI/'1M
hlll'U' \

*'Ion' Division

'v/ket.

,xPBM·54-NATC p..rmoon : R:lVEll reo pOtl~ l1,m[ jru_\dpTam· UJ¢_ • oll ehameteristlcs ,,[ lhe ;X"Bl>1·s...;" ate considered unacceptable III L\1aulJek forces are ,'1;cc!l5:iiveIy high and tlHU. l-a..ke·(dF cnnn6l 11 accoiilplJ.;wed '!l-t minimum 1I!g,bf speed ~tue to insuflicienl •'(ljltrQi fnrL'p til ,ibtn ill hlke-QII trim un til IltldeSli'ahlll high sjl(>l'(h: art' TE!f1c1I~J, To: overcome thls lroulJI(;l coatmercr's repre~i::llt:rnves and BvAt1R cn_giMetS have de,idr(1 IrJ install II t'prnbinntion spring loudl:d. bnlance nml trim bIb em. both dC!VlIttl, surfaces, 1.1" <HI ,Ium decided tv lncreuse the I1\b Spill I III ~11'(' greater tab

11f 11m/rift [~itod all service .('lin Irucrors nut] I1g~'ud!."~ \v(ll'l:;il!~ 1111 llquid melt!"\ ,Uld puls, jet til mn!.'.... a ffHd b'tlr'l'er exj~l'ing pWI.,ltlIl!s, InfnrJIll'l.til.llt ~lIthered will b", pb(;eJ ~11 II rcpnrl {lnd snlnnitted with rCI'flllll.lltlIlUI!tinns fur wurk nocessurv I.f! ~ol,\<1' pertinent problems. AutIo!! ll!l~ heen ililtill\{'d III ('''pallu Prt'!lU'/ ~qllhl t·o in • duJe,utnlni(.; I'IH'I)!'Y II~ .1 !>illll'l',' ~If power Jor nrr Ot{!rt- prop ulslo II.

Prolec~ squ;d-nL'pl'('S"utilli""~

oru I' AI.'lW »hl f'~J' 1t':u1 l'I>1I1'PIl I1llg: sight" Delivery will prnbnblv III)l take Vhl(;'l) h,r,lre Sept, 1\:)..(7 Tl« r--. t J\~!«'n cle~ig!l Will> ~doptt'd ILl; ~i!rvici' !f~1' '1ltl:'r <:1P'all!II' tit/I' (If llvlli ,\i<lxg'I'II 'Uld 1;IJJtl!ll' prntotvpvs. ,6'0 Clllflbe.rGlln~~'r,\ 110 ,60 ('ull1,er ·gnll lristalIatilllJ~ ill tI~l} '''6v~5 rhll1ri' 11Ll' tlll~ltl.r· J;1.f1I1j:; groUJld "w;] air firiTlg tests :Il '>j1'C DAHT.G"RF:N E:<()"I)t fllr rl,ilUll1lnlLil1n link !;rOll bles j:l(')od "pl'nHi()f) IS TVj1orlt;'(l. Bore~l$ht-".i\TC P",rv;.m~,. is It!!ltihg ,1 hglll ,~elglll d~\'il'e to enu hle a pllot tOchO(Ht' llll' (llk,'1lTlwo·t 1,1 his j!l.tT19 hn tilt11f!r 1I1r U" air (IT ),trllAng fire, 1'1\" device isba! ng- t ..sted 'Wlth 3 h\~11 ~() III) II gUTI in.~allaliotl Oil un l'lll- wiJl~.
'/crriab.lct leln9 TC5h On Rele"$e G .. ",.--\ ]lr'II"d i~.I nuh-r W"-) t rJ ,!litui" tl'~! 11Ig dJl.tll tlfl ..fft·cts 01 varlous icinp; l't irrditiuns 1111 re le..s<, i';"ftr linkages. l~n'jccL jn\'oh'Q~ dt·~ii:".(,'(I11~LrI!,'lion und t~-s_ti II);: "f :<i'II]l1I linkage> with provisions fur o.:m11TIJHing several vuriilbles uff\lctillg i\J!II14 ~\ld_1 II~ distance Ilf'1ween 1ir'-k C!'IHJ)I}!ll.'tlb', su (1m), finishes IIml surfuee Iltc,~. E£Ft;cUvelles8 of enclosed lln':I!> \\JU ht, l!,~ted ~\'iltl re~a1d to: cnndensrttion "If~cl~. rl!Jllbl1l;:1. ~ll.s)l'et. b III g aud lI~C o( tl,'siceuu ('S,

Gun$ig hf Co n trQ<fler-K, .\ En II"~ I.'. l"c~t '" j' tlte \r. To. 1I1:1~~'·m COl'!'. to ""b",.!L illIornllll qllotal:i(lIlS 011 rlllL!lIltl~l.tlln· (If rtmhWIUl1I (IUuutilks 01 C'.(Illlrlll1N !\I~ml .~:l.'l aud LI,I'

or

Ic~L<; al Invukern, nilerun Illililres due tn rockd blll$fs have beenesperi<Ulcetl with Mk'.J rm.:k('l launelrers, Th.., 111J"ptll!lc.' 11tS b een ret urn ed to E] S egundc I (nt instnlbB1J1l or f!··design.ed. ~trCIlgtll(mer1 ;(.8T2D.' -111

mml~(>ntril1 gron; ~ ~'!LI\'(! seats !omwni,j~ 11_,,<1 ~~ilu_~ing loss t)f cOll:iprc.~~1(!LL, A cluse 1'11<"(:]; is heing m"J" Ill) ll,(, ITVlIhl,,,, arnl 1I1s e "I:lL'nh,t ussern blies wi]] be released to tln~ W..G repressntartves Im si.l"lpllLt·nl \U \ I hl' lit1llfl,"""('!-llrer lor if!l'l'SfiWt1iClfl.
l'ngines_FailllJe flf t\~" 'H3!lM.:8 r-ngil'" S 1111tl;o.: lfI_M ! n d 1.0 1111 VI' res 1l1ted on lrurn lJ'ollbl.~ wHl! Ihf' uatermedlnte irnpeller drive gear (1',\(ll' N(j. 131$07 J, Three ear lier fai lures ;>t th e IIcturv leu to u!usPJ: inspectlon pro_oe~lure. Tllis'procc(lllle started on J1 1hy "pd ;)11 g<.-rm TIllII1W9-C[l~:red s OJ b~£!{jIf{'IIl .111I h!i! dnfe are con ~!dcred ~ati~f;lctcrry for~aJVi"(l clPl'mtinn, Al· I:llough only tWQ failures hH\'f! been. t'xpe.d(,!(H':cd in over 20,000 hours tJf :engillc rip era flOn iti ~ ~col1l1ll(>.JIded b C(>tltr!lc~(Jr tall goon; in n8&50 en ~itles be rQPlactW til n@l ')VCdl:1ul, CI'-urs Fl'mcwad .slluuld I e shipped til. cantrJj.ei<)r for in$p<l(;;tiOll and, if rejected. will \J(' tephwed lit no CQst- to the govemlrWnl ... \ toltal t)f l>.~9 ellgi:lItlS :rre :$ected,
R33S0.8

R33SI)·8fllgines-\ B·2 k,,,~ exepenenced I ~oub If'- on ilirl'(' u3:150- 8 C'IIgi n es ]I e ~I! II st oj.

.1i].;nlll~ ..

XBTt.j'·I-COJl!uilumble Jtffilluity has heen (:.tp(;rienced wIth exhaust .st!l(~kfllliurus eo ['hls .Martin attack pl~III.l' A set of retlmiLzned stacks wns !Uncle uvnilnble enrlv
ill

r

Juumu

,

!!o""et C';l'cuit Tes-ter--1',-sL~ 1111\" I·,,~el' .. ,mplc=ttoi! fin tl1e lIircmH rocker ('ire"i! h~lt'l' and ,'JI. T(jcortlml'ndlltirw milde tor its- HJrvi(~e lj,\C!.

AD·l' alld AD·IQ ....... AD-I'!i Illlv·e been O"ilO deliVC{llKl, Til ' VII UIT, Id II r ~>:Xpecls lO 111 eet Ihe revised pwdlldiun ~d1(:<,l1Jle callil'lg f@]:" lIdi\'ery Ilf HI phHWS by J.~n"ary 1941_ 'nla 6rst 20 plnw~s !He- ;dh\(:Ht~d to. COM:\mPAG with tim sf'(:(wd l!lod: sf'heduled h>f C01\u\ml.J.I<."T.
AM-I G'nd' AM-liQ -'rbi's plnne successfully CiQrnpieooc1its firs-b- flIgllt on 16 De·

iJ:a

comber. It ill iliQllghl the p.re.~eTlt schedule nf Bll planes by I J1Ily and 8 per month Ihereafte~ will he met. 'fhe first 10 pl!lnes progress 1111,\ peen !rl(lwcd consiUilcabty, will go to test '.lcthiUl'S and AM-l's eJlould ~tart g Qi 1;1 g l':lLL£' Fleet 'the la tier A"moment Division ['art of February, CNO hilS allocated all lI.M~ri'l 1.0 o'"'0-l!lLANT rCir the CV:B'~, X.P.1VGIlt> MOII.nts_,CNlllld Ilring tests of TBM··3:N-A~R-Nmfolk has cOfll.pletctl reo- lj,e Uk ill :UII] Mk JV gvn mill;!'ltS. a.~ w m.ng :n ecessfttlted by il:Iscre p:w ci e;l fotzn d Installed inlbe 1'IQseand tail respectively nl the- Xl'-2V. h,\\I(' heen OOlldu"t'{:d !:jy l.Il this plane- by ElcctroTlks 'fest lit Famx-'ent. nil: ThIB·aN Iuodlfication Hue o.f 3-3 LQciklll'ed at l\.rt- Hl,Ieneme. n.f'Slllt~ incHplanes lUJ,d "" mid-)!UllJurr (l\'!tI'lpletiGu dt1~e-. ["ate thal thil~(! modiHed mOUl:l($ ;)J'(;l b;lIprQ\'crn<;Ults nlltlJ" ther, forerunners ill thatHTL·l. I Army YR. r.l J-TIle N 11·y will ... gllnidgll~ vI!)rHt!Ofl :l11cl gun fire illl>po;!tSion These rnotrrlts ,,,ill be ill. l'ecefve twoo.f tllp,SIl ttnlm:)r type l'teli- art' red uccJ. ~tl.lll,"d III t'lw 17 ,J'z.... ('5, 'I'he nOl>f' lll.QUJlt ~opteJ'lS .i:a F ebrnary il cCorwn g to the lates~ Amw delivl'tl' sabedllle, Pilots wiU he roopliwedih the 1'2V-2 by n 6.:ci!O mm uncI nn:d15' ~lrc IHk!!1~,lnslrllcl!t'n, nt the fiwd g.UT! [11)0;10. Cml'HTIendl~g willi cllto Bt"ll schpol, l\V,'fI ty-flll If HI 1'2V-~ tI,e tail mllul)t will 11[' repIaIll'll hv II .21/:2.0 mm l~lmursol~ hlil 5C:.2- Threr- 1lI1,dlilt'lllinl1, Wf'-ll! de.ter111lHull. 111 eCl Ilece_ssarv 1(1 elmrfllate tail b.-,f· i-ll ftlling reported by PaluxeoL These m(lm~ f.iglrte~ Cadpif Te",peri:l'ure-.s-'rhe ''In!Jell Ii.otis nre: B eW- trlfinhrmrd portion ri r (i'l' p"'~j;e u>eLerminutinn of (;'Oc~lt· I'L'l~; msffill wing fLlseiage flUet; ill~lill' h'!i1l,erlltun!S i,~ Ai!hlrr~ inl'lorporatinil\: the

IIl~edll;lde .Pl$pe!"ial lInlt'--Vlfh 11!~'·l'U· aide dj~pffi'AAl units .u:uo XlA, tire b~il1j! IIlllUU f(L<:lI;:qred by- Naval Gu_(] P'i\,'torv /1$ ill]. irlterim 1nea~ure for dlspenslng !lOT lrlJltl pLmcs. Th" ill'st of folU' un1ts has beeo 'SJ:tiPIJ;ed t!J NAS SAN JU"'N. HlllimiIDn-l! lIilits Ivi.lI be shipped tl'l ~5D IIh.:ClanICS. .!lQl1C for storage .as BvAEl1. A 11_2'1 Res Stllck A 1ll1l:ru~1 of iJ]~"1r'tlt't luJl$ for it~ IBl50·Z4W ,fngilles'-l'he oi11l1(J(UR:c..'1tilJIl lise is being disl-ribuJe,l. Ims bl;lli'l) rll!lde on 53 nut of the total o[ 275 JI-3350-24W ~ngil]e8 scheduled. BePpwer $ivsfeJTI-Undm l!lTllpt<ttllllt'-' \'1111' eall~e of 'lther bij:ther pT10rity projects diUo!l~[tl -2.0." F th~ },1k 1 l.fud 0 hy.

Jrll.ulic power

with 119 fllodilicarilln, Whim hyrpass is m(i{l:iB",d to provide atlcl:itkJlul.l ulloe between cylinder wans and I.h,]. system :remains op!"rnble In -60~

~.\lSlrlrI

IIp<:J'e.tes-a~ctorny s

vaJvr denr pI"!()1I F.

per plaht' and pQS~lJsw~ many arlvnntlx~el> over (lr.:ig' takfi.,oIl' meLlmds, ln1oJIDatio:n flll this adapter. , hiehc(1.n UI: m(lUfilctti.red Lai:::tUv, 1~'i11 sm)!1 Jlllldl' :t\ IliI;IQlc' to tlit' Fleet:

B,Q'nn err erget Adapf.erThis ."wrpler ptll" !nits air lntulclling Il! 11.110h(ulner t9.rl!:eLs

b,·

.,yllwm

F6P-WllCl1 the- \1k (j nn'l"1 !If! lin' ll,lll 1 1"111 is produccd it.is Lo IX' r-t,lro.,,!Lillelv imwl1f'!(l in fGF ,..rrcl:llk

nr

"JAS employes dU.l'ing 194ft It is estheir idea.~ ";!Ivecl the Nallv ~I t('ltnl nf $'776,568.-Jax .-\:i(' News. •
IJm~l\'etl

g-estiOtl awards brought $] J .624 to 206

NAS

jA<.:KSOS\·ll.liR-nellltudnl

~llg-

33

further truuhlus, heavy-duty uhnL'k~ \Vl'lff' made In the squadron.

Ul wood n block sect ion
11lfonnt\LloJ\ iven
liNt!

Althollgh

there

are some varfatious
I

show~ chocks

I tiles

Ill!)

.k. ,
of

in

Oil Imgine t'ru1111:(ls nre received by B Am ill which the cause of £lI,.illJI"e Is deJinH;cly under nntued, 'I'hc rli'RSllll g! n for' engille removal is usually "Metul partidtin main oil sump," 111 many Instance \! complete di~illls~llbly IJ1Spet;tinll ,vovttl have to be performed by un 0.\'C,r1->9(I1 activity III determine the sOW'CI.I 01 these metnl partldes; tharef(lre, the respoJlsil)llity "f "potnling nu t" an CT!wn th a t has 11'1('1) ree moved heeause o~ an undr-lerutined fniiltIC rests with the operating ctllllivity. Ceneral Engint' Bulletin 0, 64, 'upplcIf) nt No, 4- g~"t'~ tilt' procedure to b followed in cases of nndetermlned enp:m.!! lailure, IdCintlfy WQse engines h"ving undeti'ml:ined failures b1' 1I ellow "X." This peoeedure will e 'pl"Aite the eventual disassembly mspuetiou. In~urilJg th opportunity to Incorporate correettnns to the engiDl~ parts cnwilJlg the particular type of failure, U 011 l",ln'l dctermlne the ell U.'iC of (,Ilgino failu'rf', comply with E8 No.

Undetermilled Engine Failures.

Many.Rl:

!\l's

(j·t Suppl",o 11m I No.4

in

yol'(

proeednre

USO ~o.rrecl Packings. A ccordin l! I [1 word 1"(,ceil I.ld by BuAItR; uwrltlluI' activities are still installing Stromll 'rg manum mlxtur control stem pnckings, PIN 7M9(), 0, som equivalent. AlLgreeu Crld:: pa(!king should be discarded and. the brnwn llm:! red pack. jog be used, 1Jl tlus eounectlon, see HUVAl Di{!,c~1. Na\'Aer {1(M:lS";()U. daM! Jul' 1946.
ll'lBl Installation, Twentyt?iuht cases uf inferior workmanship ill the iustallatton of he throttle levers to the thrvltl slIafts on various Strom berg earhuretors have been repnrted recently to 13 A.ID'i. Proper clearances are not being maintcmed between tltl' eccentric stop and the throttle lever when lhl.'l throttle shaft UIl{l laver are drilled. The importance {If havlllg this clearance correet should be hrCluglit lo the att nt.icn M 1111 overhaul
personnel
[HILl lnsp ectOfS.

latest manufacture ,IUd is typiClll [ill presenL1y in IlS('. AI> shown in the sketch. th lin is s 'cured to one slde of' til PP" end (If the chock. When the chock is in place, the llne is led umlllgb an eye at tile Iuhuard end 01 I'lle axl • throogh the hole iu the 'flll of the opposite sjcle of the chock and is til n secured to itselE hv !u.LF hitches. When in lJll<cc, !.hi:; chock bas nb"nt ~I' clearance from !.he Lire, thus faciUltlt:iod romoval of the eho .k. The line Is un~ lashed before starting l!.l'lpjnes. Chuck was made flf a piece of wood B"x-8"x.M": n J li" gnlvani? d irun pipe 44" lohg: ~~" boll. 6" long; ~" washers and nuts, and
IJ'

or

of

l~'>

ruanilu lin .

Carburetor ilhrolUe

~ BltAer

Cnmment"_The (!xpriencing

jdca this

rncndabr"
squadrons

and the design satisfaQtory PIon

comfor difficulty.

,is

Efficiency

Boosts

Working

Squadron
V-I.

Develops

OX'ygel:r

Unit
machin-

Nt\S

PEAnL HAIUlOR-A

ist's tillite ill tl'Ji.~ 1>(luad ron recently d",\ Isell II portable higl\ pressu,rfl oxygen unit wbich is b e li Veld rupf·rior ttl the present Ill' pr6;-SUIIl nssemhl now standard eq,l1ipmclll on the JM-:! Compact and sell-contained. it can be used wrhlluut rll~l!lug,e structure modilicatlon. MIlkfug use Q( a shul-off \I~II·e. the bottle can hI;' stored fur I"ng periotls \\ [lhill It loss df IJres sure , This also permits IIl1k~ ehauge of' Oryg'l1 bettles. TJ,. nss mhlv i about 1l"il~ tll' ~i~,(l f III ,1'''1'' prf'_'iSure unlt ulth(m~h it o Im.. olJlprn:l"inlllh,l) 'l the same wcighL Vacuum eup hu"t wiLl hold tll~ unit nil uuy smooth snrfac tl Hot j,"IJ~jl.'.utud exto

demonsrrares 3 punical appreciation of the equipment .a1"ld proDI ms involved, ~IS inveruoe should he commended (or hi& reso urcefuln e5S. 1 n d ivid ual dilu Ie r deman d
BuAer for passengers in V J -\YR aircraft a nd tbeif use is dl ....ercd by BuAer T. 0. No. 116".44. The51' portable units are listed in the Naval Ai eeraft Oxy&.en ·ql.lipn"'nt Hand· book N".. vaer 03.5Q-517 dated 15 OCJ_ 1945: and ar~ d,,,~tgnnted by ASO .toe)': numbers R.S3.C·751S and R,83·C?5Hl, Till.' low pressar .. unit. pr vid '<I .in rhe J M.2 <Ire. Army equipmenl. Lf bigb pt"~t(lre units O1r~ Found d'\5i.:tble ir is recommended that tile Navy smnda~o;l m,it~ be. "'lilhcd~

NA.S j,ICK.!>OXYll..LE -MR department 1.. revised ll-Je III thod previously used in (;alcu1flting shop effiOiency. 111 the past tlu:y were bli~ecl on tile number uf urrit p I pet'flD produced by each shop, ~ow . hop ,~lfjd(lII'Y is ba u 0[1 the Tali.., 01 man-hour» elUlled tn man-hours IlniluLli.'. Man-hour fig\ITf~S have heen asSigllCld til 1'1\1.:11proehretion operatiem by the MlJ.llagt~ Ilwn( El1giJl(wl'ing sectlou. These are Il~t~! to giVe man-hours earned each J.ll(~ljth. M!lll-lwlII'S uvailu ble are computed From tutal pew.IlJJwJ \\;OrklTlg i.n the Imp C"{dllsiYe Ql! P rsonn ,[ on leave: lip to 11 maximum of :1:01..,. ')J!:lPS rnnilltaining un 80% cffidctH..'Y for th ree CIlJ15CC u ti\'C IlIUn tlw will win a p roduction penllllnt. and the stlpervisers re'f'ivcd II II.-Hl"· hI ·1.l1lJ.l1l1:'!.lJu.Uonfrom thf' CO,

\ iLh the number of operations performed

units, however

have

been developed

b

"'\'II

lr!:ssivo

OlUV6Ull'lIt. "I'"

I lJl\\'I<Wl'.l:J1

~l.)nrM- S

!1~~l!:BIJ~,:; .\~j ~1.11

~ lJll.-ler COlflmnrt Thl! PQrra.f:;Ie hlgh peessue ... <u<ygen unir I;;' well dl'riwu~d and

Hydraulic:

Press

Changes:

UNE

If!;:u>$

HOLD CHOCKS TO THE WHEEL

This Chock
sam
~LASTIC .. Ol-OS VULNERABLE PART

Will Nof Blow Away

ONTO!>

E-144-Thlll squadron experienced difficully wIth bRVltlg t_·huaks blQWlJ fr(1tJ:1 I]tider wheels. by Flap w:~sh of air· I.lt!Ln It.tx.iir,g iothe vicinity. To nvold

lI·JAG-.2ii Sl~lwRoN-Clmnging L~1JO [(J[lger II chore in this squadron since , Marlne in LI1etire shop invented a device to do the heavy work. A £nunc holds the tire while a hydraulic press pushes the rim Ollt t11U~ 5cpltrnl:i ng dm aud the ,vi_!h II mlnlmum. amount of efFon. Besides all~ peclitiut!e chang.es. the pre~s elimim1.tes using TIlerS or }wcrage wols ""hiuh COll 10 injure th tires if c!lreI~ssly u~ed. liEtl>trictcd

Tires large arcs

34

Bottery

Nearly

Wreds

Corsair

AVIATION

ORDNANCE

squadron's \Iotmedy VI; --4) chElok. crews fOlfild the battery lodged in the fuselage. Breaking loose h-QD'l. ill' mOUl1tings due 4lg a oo.tapult: shot the battery struck the control ()01w:nlf1 and veered to tho statboard "lliu!:l of the f!lselag~ t'3usi:qg een-

recent launching but the accident was not dlscovered until the following day. The

VF~2A-AWlU1dlUing damaged the inn;I.rc!Ji

or

battery seriously au F4U during n

iderable structural Iklmage.

The pilot,

KDblet and Instntmenrs functiOJoog nonnally. A 90-11our check reveaJed tht'lt a rarge amuunt of acid had splashed around the
comp<Lrlmerlt and the two bottom frames at lllltl:ial]s 205M IlD.d 211Woroquiring replacement. The horseshoe ang:le ou bulkhead 21. was cracked snd had to be replaced aud the entire lower corner of the buJkhead was reeufifn,,,'d. This aeeidcnt migllt have been marc side of the fuselage where it could liave jnmroed or sheared the trim tab and rudder cables, A thorough hl!'pedion o.F all squadron aircraft revealed aU other battery mUUIlting in good ccndition, blLt a periodic cheek Is 110W being made.

nn experienced

carrier aviator, Jantled at Field, Saipan. with allconl:tols

srlous had th battery goo.' to the

pOl:t

SEAR

PIN

PROTRUS10N

MARKS

OI •• ,ERENC£

BETWEEN

Mt(

S MOO

1 AND

MK

S ,,",00

Z

Ide"flfyilJg

Mk 5 Mod

2 Trigger

Co"trol

fniUJ'lllll.liun avniluhle to £uOJ.!D ludie.~b·.!I WI' dstenee of a numher of Electric Trigget controls, Mk 5 Mod 2; that ill' IIIlU'liecl Ml: 5 M.od 1. BuOm) l.~in process I.lf elip)inutiug use of electric l'ri,lUlet eontrol ~JJ, 5 Mod 1 in Its pre ent form and f..:phclug it with the Mk 5 Mod 2. Authorization for thl" clllwgoover htl been issued to allequndrons assigned to ships. Due to thee FClSSi~ilily thut some of these improperly marked controls might have been issued to the Flecl. tlie funm Jag inIormnli6n C!lltl'! cui) Is g(v(m to aid ncti"iLies to posittvely identify all Mk 0: Mod 2 controls; Althll1lgl\ numerous external features chl1crnctcrize each Mod. the primary and most tClil,bie means ruidC!lltiiiORt.ion slll1l1 he 11)' rul'erenee to protruskrn of sear pin. In order to correct lv identify each iourrcl as- either 'I lou 1 1;1' Mod ~ th folll.'lwing compnrisem of sesr pi" prntmslon is ripplicnble:
M1>: S MOD 1 \VI>'I'" 'I>n~1()1 .s Hn~ t,ll", er Ir.('LI :':Ut~1 \I'~',JI sol.""irl ~i\j I\:il 11111 toll i~ tlll71o:u1

5 Mqd 2 eorttrol, ezdnance personnel mainh'LUlillg lli©nrt guns using the elecb:ic trigger control, Mk 5 Mod I are again

lfir,ged. lu review
dated

OHl.I!:IIiUIl . 'TECHNICAl.

IN-

S1'!\UC'rloNIl" vi3>-43. dated 1 April 1$143; OlUlNANCE MOD1FICA"I'lON' ·TJl.1Jcno~s V2IN 4.1",

the D=g,lr
t·II!1W.~

C"nvas Air Ducts Warm H'angar NAS 'tVll.I.OW ,1\0\'1':-111 ord ar If! ke p

l:Ulllntenanl:e

2.13 Novemher

N NCE P,k\l1'H1£T

21ccember
BuOrd Cance.Is

194:8; and OI.Ul1400 (prclirntnary) dated HM4.
Uu· of NOrd Form

(lrCil W~IIm r, rhis liUdipn·~ dcpartmen t has nlJilnnE.'l.clureJ air duct: of 15' length~ WHit extend

~kIWl.'warU (:rum

These canvas l\fr ducts pipe warm air 10 lnwvr levels gTe3tly iucreas.ing beat ill tirely too 11It;1I to al!uw heat to centralize lind c..if 'u.lutc iIt IJl!~ working area.
• BuliOIT Cf1nl".enr~This: idea m"y be of illl'W:l~t 10 othe~ aolivroes having: simib.r blower a~r"nge'nenI5 in thdr hangar'5. Canva s .deeves are ..atisfactory for blower .. l"ith .srearn or hot Water heat. In cases where h or air i~ obuoi:ned from gas lie,,, II 1l1,,~aI duct would be IIcguired. lilt <1 fir."

the overhead blowers, located

1415

Ole h;u,_g;nr. The blowers ar

ell'

NOrd form 146 is no Junger t and 1)11 been eaaoelled. Operating tieS that .have or use llO)llbsigh~ Mk Mods· .l.1ttbilizers Mk 15 and Muds

<.. I

\Vhen

m"

5 MU~ :l
",mt:ml

..

not

~11'''II.te(1 und wh"" ~"I~l1Mir1Mill, tinS' ClIp "I no kw 1."
•• 1J1~$

~(J\U,tct~.:lo~k"'vi'~e uutil it come
~e~~ J,1il1 bKffilld \" ..jll
fflfj·

I.

tire 110 l~)tlge\' required to submit the special quarterly report. Cltncellatjorl of N01\D i'lJ}lM 146 \ViI! 11\:' confirrned io fl fm th comin g ii;s\} 0 r IIIIJ NClvy Dff}!!. Bulletin. PuILlH,' rep Its to BuOlln on the equipment will be made yellr!y,on N.\VOHD FOl1,',"r Ha~ (n-F;V, 4/<1!d along \\lHh other OIL haml aviation urrlnanee equipmenj, The first page of N,WOHD FORM 148.\ d· crihes the propel' III tlmrl of' ,~llbllli'tHlIgl'bat report.
BuOrd Half$ Use of More JATO UnIts:

Mk 2 Mod 1

JIn

crt related

quipillBnl

qUif(~d activi15 and SEAN

prevention

precaution.

\tiro""
10

ul\111

cO\ll1fec.

it

to n '\"1"
JlTotn:pJe
'f)

1:l.:ilIt' 1I1~~e ,In :lV~J'!I.~1· 'of 'Wf'fo>'ll,,~td~ "". (b) Wh"" I,."[}:,,I ;:,
~n~rQ{.(',l

"in wUl
I"rotnt.le

SI'0e-lllUlV..u

beyond

."it

a "("". lieu

pu' mllJ.(y
t;J:-

l"c"ron.
WheJl

co."

r'Ur&~·

'"1'.1

\\'hll

S. At the: .same time .all JATO i,guiters were suspended, except ignH Ik 51 MtllJ 3' or Mk 151 Iod 11:. tku. ,~., l1e9bnd face or Th 12A310Q() DB o)1i1'$ are approved for (OJ base pia Ie. IlilIte. :1lJ @;,;c.eptcoW wen!:lwr and, ]UM OPCr!lBecause tLe electric lrl,gg"erooutl'ol +lons. 'fitesl: units have a Iower temperaMk 5 Mod 1 does no~ incorporate the ture limit (If -plus S09 F. The D'I units safety feature of "limired sear pin l1rfj~ t have {I )ower temperature limit Il~ n" trnsion" that has been designe1l into Mk F. IU'" approved (Or all nperadons.

solenoid n<lj"st;nK ""f' i. tu rucd C()IlJ1tll,fdiJOkwk.. 1101'11 II comes to a fiU;rp'. 5SJ. pi .. ,.,11 nnI'1nally rrude l1g-"tly more

",.0-

r;p"llt1!r·cl~¢i. ntil ii eomes 10 u .top. S<'a~' pill wUi ,,""Irude .33i" Jllun" .022" beYUqtl f"~e ba5 e
~11111~d
J
I

lIi~ed 111,<1....""'I ."Ie. nrliL! ni.lju.ful{ enp j~
wtfiil'

cantr,,1

i" ener-

Addltiona J JATO linus 11'IV been SUI>-pended by 13 Dim r1i~rlltc:h 032137 J:muury, \ For previous Usl u JA'rO suspenslcns ~"I;\ "Ci(lt/j}fl OftbvlIlce \I A'JEWS Dee,
J~J4$. )

Til

only rellinildng

usahle JATi
04 elf

111' 12AsluD,I)

ml !LllU1ZAS10UIJ

Mk Mod

twit<;

+

I"~

m

SLEEVES

CONVEY

H£I'T

TO WORKINQ

AREA

35

MARINE RADAR ON CHINA FIELD
Iv I A ~ sets "IIW ill {'ller.tHulI, mnuntt:d In i111 :;t ','-51~ truck from whll'L radio gclJ.f W'I.~ N'IUOI (·d. The other I wr Plrlrl", Nil, I I I'; ~hdk",'cl In ,I ;;lmlC!.,[cl p}"r,ulJlllnl tent Illd 11I"" II t .J on 1111' .. f tile S-P-L" tll't',,,UI/II;o \ WI. IL wa: , hl'llgI't l],lll tlw dill:en.'11t<' III l'cights uf 111l, [>YL! ",'Is would allow "lid. to 'Cover tl., Iud' H ea oj Ul!' uther, This 1',1. ,",t b"PH

"'1<'

or tlnJ~

.I~ efF~ctf\lj,- lis ilLIped

rw',

MI:ITOR

OPE;RATES

LANDING

GEAR.

FLAPS,

l'dntUJ'~ P"\\ IT 11Ir lll" :Ihl)\ t' "q1ill'l'lWl1t i, IIII'IILht,tl h} 11", eM sed '"~ 70 Mod I
~~1161~ mnrnr

type- 1'a(l29 go.solillc .Radar 11I:;tl111atlnlls """lIp" l(\':.Out " thinl 1)1 fIle QUQIlS6l 1111[; II Ii' Worl ,s t1~'1 "ted til ~h<1l' spnve, tool fU(J!lI al,d 1I11b,. All \ uus .Il'", 'et 11 blo 'k~ wiUI mdl,((llrs tli-:dll\Jd ,,,,eI engmes. 'l'i"tt~[l.zl.'rl, V.11't, 11IU.\ he cll,~,·d \"il'l, JII'.ll~'r~ Iusl.,IIud lt~r wi:tl~er.
c
III

I~l~ts IIlI' :>'It\} 1I~I"e.gnn':ltvf ""..

',l \

ganl'!wtrlr

set.

ndlfr'f power

Sfripped
p~'J0ses

SHJ

Used in Training
1!'~II1IH:l

;\.t\AS BllIl"- F,(1.I.Il~r.lll dumonstrallcn stripped
rnutor ,,1 IS50 '11111, .llt,w[,l''' II' <I, regulur I'Tlgil"! h_l'(lmnl,,' [lillllT' 1"' . ",,, 26:L.£_ <l'lti ..

i>r-.,J ""S

i~1_('ngltJt~t:rillg

traIning.

a

""lHipped with a ~·hp

lin

en!ll,h,(1 Llil'<'\!gil\",'d",g.uI~tnlrJt{)rto demon,fratJ~ Iullj LI,~lwliUl, 'II tlu- l.mdiHg gIJ~H .iud .IJlJp,~ as l1,e'Y an' lIill'~'~Ll"d tllrf'1l1f!;h
several nhserve cyuli-s, II hil(! tho! 'llldl!lll5 C'l'lJ 11 L1", (llwmtiu~ me ...I!;mi~IlI~, TI~e !I.hp uiotor lOot.! (,IJ,l\i11e II)drmlHcc 1"1JH]) ;If·.' i',ill I hy JUl' 'I IIrh C' oil a "'tlml SUllie] pl:.u'pd tn the s<!lni-"I(jllocoq'lf' [ust
II

Hot Weather
,,;\(.

Ru;ns Bungee Cord
t'J11PC:l11tUTUS

~Jj-E.s.l1'("JrI('l) lrigl
stunnu-r

F,u llll' gr""P' ducing the 111<'t ~ n~lm, 0" ... ~uch pmldl:llD was thaI: til t"phl!'lllg InllJgw oords ()J( n~L)\, lInt '" 11111e.r C-"'l.~r'd !llr~l' COI'ell< Iv ['(c,',Ll.; willi
nlllloyln~ [illlih,;l, frl"llWll('Y .u«] ml)hl.(_'\'"l(·IJI~ WNP III IIW'l!lptillt:: II! Il'IHl'Il)

lIt I'l'uLI""ll~

<II 1.1... clulI""

erented

n number

1,,,Ii,,t,,~]j_lIluecrews l't'plHj!l"d lilt, eords with "Ulllflf'IlI>'al'lr (;~llJ(Jltr''- LlllU asscmbltes rrom
U~l;I-6·s.
INTERCEPTSQU~DRON HAS GOOD 5ET-UP

U,(,

~i{II;,tU!II,

'1'111\ (,Jr,lllgQtl

lrus

lor

P''''''!!

~llIi~fi.l!.·

t.

:-'iA.G-:::!.4, C UN<\- .rUlllul !-'OIltl'O[ for 'llghl and tl~l\ lnlcreeptions hy 1i~1Ltt'r airo,.;r"ft tn ti,l' PI'illilig ItfW'- i,; tlu- primary u!;slgmr:wnt III ~brine (;wlIllIl ~(Illln:ll IutC1C'ept S'liI'lltr" 1I ;, ut ~HIl Yunn uirBold. It-- ili hrlu·\t·d 'In lit) llr· finly unit with "mi-pl>fJJIIIICIIt rnstnll u tiull~ w]Ij(·h give l!T."lllel' h. ·dow III lHuV't'/wml H I'IrI ease of 'l1ailltt:'t1""~'(>. II "hoI! lurulsherl lW'(V warning tlHI rInd 'UT Il,H·l!.(::tIJOt. "id.~. Th rndllt,.,('lf!lll ,11 l ln- "!1l1mh!ln ')01\~L,tln nf thrl'l! ~~·t-> IN "m"\'l1~ aud 011' IIr >;1'-.1 xr sH ""'S w.illterin!(1 10 mrnt the console {If th IHUer W;!S remuv ('d fl"IIT'11 lilt upilrati()lu Van and [,,-stalled ill • QlIOllSPt hut l se« Pklul'll' N». J ll!ld o, 2). A "1>-1 remote rt>peal"r, nlOdiBc~l L11!lsI"
•• 12" lui.lI'. tlll$ )'('('11 in'tull{'(J
II

.rJ-l ,~J' Ua' rl':n c,;,drpil.. TIlT'; ,,'llin prurl",,,'s the fu.tl IOOO"p0ll! tis pf'I' "I""H' i'l('), pr '.sure nccnssurv til "P~111t" III!" I,yllmltllt· "Y~tpm III lilt iH.'hi lit! lht: lill\rnp to the "",I." ", IT.,rll l"I,ulJ~"f l'flnnpNilllJ \ a used. w,d llois Wltll tnt' w(Jod slnnd e,ITl'rtr.'eh· 111 '~lIr"I'd 1'111 ration , TII~t5 ,In' lwin~ 1I1(ld h~ the A&R "l'I1I' .. lit lid' H ld to dl'tw:miTll'~ the o.\dnptubmL~ of .1 di'vIl'f' !If LILli> kind leI shop use ill testing hyctr:"lTtl. ill~hllllllf"ns

Gibson Girl May Get. Aerial

tig!)r

.,1

II",

""M

:1'lllll'S<: wfn tel.'s, The

at one cud

Use \ H.5, S~,\ FI t,E ,(lIlIIltll(llCa inliS deparruustt ui tI,jl> "\T< SlJlllldrUlt i~ "xph,rinu the pO''iibilil) "I m;;lHg, lll~' Gillson Gill 11ller!((·I,,·V IrallslI).iit' ..r ",hill' ill the utr il, vuse ~.)t('~mplt:le power luilufl!, This !I!!ll (lie Nl.lrl'gt'l1c~ 1mLlJrrrY runtre reeelver, in such 11 sihllnlir"" would b the nnlv mew.s III rl1.Jit, t:iJtlIIn urrlcution in the lGI), \I"w r:ll'k~ were constructed f Qr till' range rl'~'l"iver, wliieh Jotml'rl, \ tU pl., 'I,d .,11 the t'ilckpll 11. ",r. The u nlt is II H'Jl.i"· . Lon 'Rurli .. CCU'P,. type 18.'5 rd'C>l"!'f and type 186 battery hox ttsh'g "f'!' 11"tl(fry or 1l~ volts ,lilt! two batteries of ~5 volts I')llch It has a nll'1:W ni well over LOD,ulles. The U:lllerl' hllx and Hltei er lift< <'(lnnct'l"d WII1, sTiliI' '!Ides and l'tishiun llidl.;nfs makirt!( 0I1t' l'OIllPllct till fl. Thl.' t('ceil'er rack IS n .[~Ll[lle £urlIngetnPflt thlll lltl> lOlhtm_CLly 'lil (h· jjl1J1P ~eaL ~pr:ing 1,iil~ b~l'wet'lT the rmlit11111111'~ COffiparlnw1!l .\nd the eockpil. Thp rt'Cell'ur 1lllit i. "ttud'{'d If! t.hi rat>k by tWt! cian)ps

Corsair
TOil \,11

Eogine

Ledk

Troubles

PIlCkin" , It. i.~ re"IlU11JJ,~dL:J

YMF~452,PAf:lne-This l\1(lrln~ ~!]uaclthe l1(/li,wllf!, Sfru-it ( 1.'1'l-lls) 1111l!. e~pl'l"QnctlCJ oil lel1k!; ill 'evef.al irl~J1HlCj:'); '" the f\-2&UO c'lIgine of the l'4U~4 mUI::; the n"pp:~11(o' ~yntUtili.l' l'1!hher type ga,~kets and
Unit a difrerellt typ<'" pushrod eovee pndcing t11lU. rocker hn,;o:, cover gas.ket seal be rssned that is nil].' tt) ntlld original position il hW'clening ·and crvstalization oceur, Trl numerous IIl~w,ccs> lealciug pnshrods snd TO('ker 1m1\: covers TlllY e heen remo v-e.d to Iind lllltt tb e paekln 'S aud g;tsk·ts hay be~'\llll'e bdttl e nrnl hard. erue pushrod packinp;s had to be- cbiseled out and som gUllkel.$ stlllderl otT, Leaktrgewlls attribnted dir('c'lly to this
~'('lIltliffQ)I.

<'ilh A:>: llois ((>UlU c judkill()t. ,\" ~hUW1\ lLt th 1111er righl ,01 Pil'Lui.. 01. 2:, II .'lwildl nI1,1\\" IJ1<' t~ ."t l'O tier llsin!! (JIll \ 1'.-1 t!J dWDSt' It AN Sf'l fllmi~lliHg ~l(> ha~{ il'l['1I111;Jtioll ut II" ti1l1' d" .. h\!} tli" rrqhl~ul. A Lilli 1",wet Ii~llL on n h.. Sf>efl 11 C()lltrnl bl!,\ n>sHng; lin Hw flHlar ~wltl'h box. TMs 1111 \\~ the cJJntrolle! to ~"\c·( eHhffl' " fruL'r 1"Ulll11UIU('tI11OTl ubannds ~umis1'ed

Ule

sP-io\t "I'1Jh'lh·, IntOfmuli(,1\ !:rmn r tl'f I],,. twn !;ct;.~ ['all h f<;,d into

alreadv inst~ 111'<;1Ill thO', hat~(·J'}' hok. Thj~ ! puts the r!:locl,,.,. rHal ~md ptll.1JIe jMk ,Ur"dly o'Ver Lh.. pilnt's rig],t shuulder. anu lbe Oliltenml and grnund (:I1rJ1.leCtiClIlS Y.·1U'I' iu 1$ hM:hes of lh hldionlll1l's nO-348 11, ::.tcCJ;'· 7 l'1Jl111l1Ilui4aUlitI ~('cUnll tIt ,HlY nnlenrw ...mi grnllilil tet'nliI'mlS. 6E Lh(cnir, cll:mnL'lb fllnli~hlla b) .m ~!it.·1 'tIle comple·ttl Instnllafio.n ITldudillj raCk nnd battl'fi 1> weigh>'! less t)l~n 17 Ibs, wt h,!t(rJI"u in the 1'II.(11lT lIJ'ea. ""UUl' speak, nr all,/\\, {'flfJ6t,UII l111mil!oril'l_g of ('halluc-Is WhE"J1 110~ in ',Sf' if call hE' ~iDWl'd em the rltllk nbove t he radioman'5 poSitiofi between 1. S, 7 ,md 10. i\n ~CJ1-l2.t,.. is Irrsu.lloo (lireJ:tl} ill fl'-'nl uf L1I YE'! tll fl\rni~Tl Ihe 5(:11-718 radar rillim ter ,HId the ARCo-I ,d,'liliill'. tifllJ l,f .liwr"fl. ~l'ipllll'I' Xo. ,'J.) tT:Il1SCf!i\'(·l·w-h •.r., it is ouL Ilf Hl!' way.

Cow", 1T1-'The. .:onlrllc.t.or ;~ ~W".I"" o( til' oil leakage problem at th .. pushrod co"e. p ..cki'l)g~ and is currently conducting ~ service teSt Qn an improved packing mate"ial ,.1I;td " ....AQgemenl "hill is expected to, elimi.mltc ~b's problem. The Leak<l.g"is. catJse~to " l¥g.e degree by baJ'den!ng of Part :t88917. Howeve(", Ih' tendency to develop oil leakag-e_ aill.'X· Jlcveral h tlndred bOll rs of operation nUIY be overcome to a great ~tcnr b lightly greasiog th.e pu~bl'od CO\'Ct' paclUngs with a mi'l<ture of 9()Ck Dow Corning .!;'1 «1m· J>ound and 10<1 graphite. cigbunln.g the gl" .. d nuts to n. totque of 150 in. lb . atlU salety wiring the nu.M to seCu:r .. them.

~ B·u,Aer

36

New Super.I·Ugh St,.ength Alloy A TlCW ~pet-high str ngth aluminum IIJloy has been developed on an experimerrtal scale which has properties superior to any previously knOWTI ulloy [or aircraft structural applic~lti{}TlS. Th 151> aud.a-ana aluminum allovs develcped durin World v at 11' havf' been the sl;l'f}]jge~~ aluminum ulloys

'ilt nil·, new

1,1 reduce the e Jifficnlties ill the ease alloy l;lll~illg exten ive

tests 10 serve II guide for Improvement 01 the ulloy nnd provitle the
know-how for tts use before j·t io ready lor c.:oll1mcrcial u e. .

,l~

1,.v

Accessor:ie$ "6uJJl!1iu Np. 6.46 pro. fo the m~dilic .. tion of rh Parke" Oefueling V"Iv" P!N4B6-1 ",h~ich will prevent c':~"1ctrnlllJeak.'tge as r<!ported hythi5 activity. A,"i'"iti~e8 arc cautioned 10 request BliAer permissicn lur ehis "l'1LalJation.

[1J.ant

,,,des

iudtcatc a pf()uahility thut th uew alI j)' ma. replae presently used allo S her of this arne .family and owes 'it~ in upplieations rO(luiriug hi h stn·lI.gt:h snlledor properties to 1I new COll1UWll- and not n'!quiling severe .fmming. The Iest . when c(rrnpleted will pl'Olieu (If tilloy percentages. vide eomprchensjv data on the In most previous instances when n IICW alloy wu mtreduc d to th air- mechanical, shu -[ural, met;ll1tIJ'~ical. physical, chemical, corrosion. jllining__ craft indt srrv not muuh was kUQWll nnd fnnning properties of the material abtl;lf irs ror~it1g pmper:1es. 1(11(1\ led~ Limited tests II1Wi:l- ~lll'('Htly be II (IE ns fnrmmoJ properties had to be made. ;lPd some of the typical meehanigained hy lIIring it whloh was of tell ostJy and d!!'11)'t'1i its full and ef- eal pJ'O[H.JJtie.~are listed t elow, Typtcal properties of 24 -T and 15S~T are listed ficient u 'e. for comparison. BlIl'eall of . eronauties is ltempting ure members of the aluminum-zinc base IIlItly system. Th ne .. allovIs a mernv
N"",.AIIQ), Ex.tnlJion

eouunercially produced. These alloys have Ql1]Y re 'eoUy come into gellcrill use In naval aircraft construction. they

The. test work is (nly in its pt'Cslag s 1I0W, und 110 conclusrve '\ ulue eau b stated f~l1' allY property. The allnyit~elf In.J:y be altered, be£OI~e IL is rl',~dy for "UlluHC'Icial prnduotinn.
limilHjJ'Y

l'he preliminary

tests

below,

however,

MAftTlN

RAMI"

HAS

I..IG~HT5, SPIRAL

STAHl"

N~"'All0)' h"el~
9200(1 840011

15~1'

l'h;n,nfr T<:,,"il~ SIn'JIllt I" I' 'renaUe yl"Jd Strt'ngth. 1'.' i.. 'IJ. EJ(Jl1jtation (1n 2. ·[u.~~_.~ !\l,Pr"Ilf. Min. Beud R"ditls (~O· old nornl)

. "

•••••••••••••
,.,

_
tl.

' ,.

.100000 " .. 98Qnn

Sh~el 8z0(iif
nOt)11 L1

:'JS-'r
S~oet <illO{)U
~(.IIQn

1_ ••

l~~~.

5.S.

(.5

I" H'

,........

J 0.7'1'

pl'(),PW'ing ~ix ramrlS of <I type '1I1'1'(!~ltly being used by major air lilies. Three uf GJ(')1lI L. MnrUlI·· circulartyPf' r.unrs lind tltrut.> of th, irqutpment f!ll1P'UI), s .. em-ramps" under pn.JAm'il.IIIIUl;i(;;s jJ>

NATS To Get New I.ooding Ramp In ;LI~ attempt ~(I 'fr!lldmdi7;(l passenger ioadiJ'g rulJlp~ for 'ATS. the BUflll!U of

ell rem III It. Ilge if not total IONS of llc~· airl.!raft lind The Marlin ramp, shown ill figm .. I, [l'Jssible injnry to the erew mern bers VP~MS-2-For want or 11 lncking nul alloy con tructlou with II would have resuherl if the plane's ~'('IIIn;:l' is of nluminum thls sqnudrou 'ar(y lost a PllM thl1'lng height of JO' Uri, lUI DV!!l',U] J..,lIgl·h tof liarl not been righted, routine lnunching opem.titm ... at I AS ,(\~ 11; 2" lind an overall width of 6' 2/1. A Ithough the clods pin tbat W;J.S Drsco. _4·vHli DC 1igLli'lg 'S 'tern is ifli>t!l.lIed \ [tl. whipped oul. in tI,l'! near accident ex'ntI< uear Ulisliup occurred when ~ 5:11g]lt tended (0\1'0 full inches below the hitch t\V(1 light, 'It lI~e center ;ltld OJlt· eneh lit huunoe set up 1.1 whipping oscillation In the h~[I and huttl!ll1 lnnding, This is 'It the caterpillar, a dlrom6 vauatlhnn ste I tleli! re!ltl'llillillg eeble ut tIle caterpillar mounted 2-10" and 2-16" rubbl·r tread pill with threads und a locking nut j~ 110W IIltcli. The eye (If the wl1ipplllg cable wll-l'l~ wilh 1JTakl.'s lnstalled 0.11 tIll· wl! ol~ 1.~ecJ.lo prevent' .my recurrence of this clll1~111 IT\t~ elevls pin in II .slightly worn til 10c1; th f'".unpwhil louding tl)(1 dislype nct'.i(j,mt. spot thro\Ving u dear. ~ l'iull'gin p"ssengcr~, wlwil Llw aifl'mft started II er the side The " ere-ramp," shown III fi.l,'l.Irl' 2. ls Squodron Removes Defue' Valves at II 45<> angle th ' Util bar 1Il1lD. weO-t'inp; oj tubular steel ocnstruotlou w,d {'m"t'uu wad ers , W;I, unable 10 :ketlp puce wit.h till' Vlt-J,A-Investigatklll ofglls fllll~l'S whiel1 wnll nlumlnum e.xlerJnt puuels. The plntp lim!:!. Senslu g t he cOlldj tio n the 'P Unt had bG{~D .fllllng HII') CIW1tj)il.S of tins squadrorru i~ hydl1!uliclJly l'pI.11al;;J ul any poadded pnwet in au-attempt to ~;tin rudder Ton' P4lls recentlv revealed that IC<lJ..-y sitil/IJ from .[1:) to 120 Inches, Tilt: unit i.~ control and sh'1li.-:lilGIl the course of his dduelh,g valves "'13~e mUtlg l~he MIg with )l1QUlIt d fin g.-10" nud ~-lG" rubber tre..d 1I1£(,'TuIt, ~ gllsllliue. Dei u lillg valves wer remo ed III1tI 2-12." uluminurn castor Wheels. Qllick-<I 'ling II:> achrnnster, George D. ~lli1dfnllnd tQ be J{!aidng excessively nround ~prnvi(L'lIg I'llObilit' uud stCeTillJ,!; le.ltIIl't',.,. Stine AD 1 Ic, ~;),i11ed cfJllll'Oi of the tnil the rotor sten, and leakil)g III tDP tlnu bn t,$ Lr~l.i~g ed con rse ollil d go id ed t/] e hnttr.m pllltestu:ld all lIide pl.lte.s. lrtan pJane Inltr the water Wld.·U'llag<.trJ. Hi!! Sillt.>I! spare parts were at a n1,inflllum, III actllm prcVt~I()d the tllrNaft froul ~(ljng Fu(:t almost nil, thll !:,'lllwing list (If plal'W~ ()\w the sid ~ or the nUIlp midway to lhe A.O.G. >\WllltlH& splLTe deftle]irig Yah'es wa~ wMet wbich Wlis <~tl~v tide. "WOlfS dllmdewed with alarm. \oVitb tlw permissiou of the BlIFC.l'U, howe,fer, tbj5 squadron del'isl3d lets OWL! ;.em~dy. Tile defueLing vnlvc ;:emoyt>d fTIJnl lillO aircraft 111 it~ entirl;'t ;llId replaced \\'fLh a plllgged m',d safety-wired "1'" JJt-ting:. Tlw new litthlg penuTm '0 all tllP n(lt'estilll"jfllnt'linlis w i[b Il S\l\ iH,It ill ~\'ei~lIt IUlcl ~I gMu jrl sim~]licit'. Tbe pll.rI C[J.II bit wuwl'l Fram l'l;'gulll' ~1I! k iScl;LlIC ~lId illstalll:'~a in tooI'll hnur~. Tht} remedy WllS devised by CMNI Pdway lind ~IMn3 GJukner,
jj

,Locking Nuf

May

Save A Plane

w*

t

an

L1(11SECUR£O PIN

WHIPPED

OUT

bY

CABLE

~ 8,.Al!r CO.l1m.. ",t-Tb temporary reli ve ~he A_Q.G. co_nditjot\ for ~irCT!lfl 1. s'lti,£'aCIOI')" HQwev~r,

1ix to P4U-4 Powe!:'

'AEftO·ItAIY!P'CA'\1

BE

ftAFSED

OR 1..0WI;RED

37

JANUARY SUPPLEMENT

'J'W
(1'1I.r.l1' C~1.nl\l!dut&lJJnIlid-Oj;(<>nI!"'1 ""{tOI .. r V"lv,," Ail ,,1 Mlld"J.. 1! 730 and l,~~W. .Il, Y 12. III fl.,

O,.del' Nil. AN OIHIO Irl2

AERONAUTIC PUBLICATIONS INDEX
Aviation Clo:ular Leiters
rtlllr No. "".. T. 173--46 A J,.11446 IU~ .. IT6-1ij I

Ah1rames
m,,!!'o ....'ring Bl1lJd4<>ok s"rilll< A""rnfl I{e[l.illr. FIII1rit n...m!r a.nd Dor.mll. n"vi.'lIl "t. 21,'J!lMl.

rat

A'" I)I-1A-,\ 1

ManJJals

A.
A,

L I-'l7 ..
,1•. 2-47

Airplan e BuHeU n $, Changes
('Im"", fFlll1~L.i~ul- ,rl"w""mq,,-~ P"nI1L 'I"i!!h\.in~ 2$ LluUI;_lll1lL.tUatlllll nf. J,,~ ~I.
CI!..II<,!,1j

i~l~

F4U·F3HG
~t)cti(ln-Bt!tt(Qn,

tI O,L. 17 A C L.~H7
,\ (,~t..s..ot7 /I,,/I./i," A,(' I" II\47

J"", H'~~ fIilIJ,.~runl_ "':ilbUllbtiop g""J,lloni! IU"~ M",.,. MrtroJ1hon~ Cord, TYIl OX'II:!:!' A·n [~'nlln!lDn J ...II. 21, IPI!-':'

1l"",~1nll._T~ij

am lln.-M.~lniJ1.,ction_or.

tr,

2>SIl to

or

!\:uJ1Url\J-.M'w.,.lt SeX'doe Chdng,,,., & Aitb",d'f Bulletma-'-Qrni."",,., "f F3.\ D~~igm.'tl<ln. J~n H, l(t~7

f4U·FG

Teth nieal N Dies
1Tcnnru(mJ NlJt".,-t.u.1 \]I(lldifl d 1]1111.1' PUl lu~otP tutlng Pfok.up LtJol) nnd Rcfl"".ur 1),[ tlmd o( Ohll iJ4.1uiJohInM Oorro~ion R~'Ultln!!: ~e~[ and In"' .... 1. j(""1.16""'l111.1 "qtc_l.~!"I Thrum CI.n"I!lli;'l, D~Wli·gNLJed t>mj' in ~Jf~<),,-

Nfl'''''"t.

n[

'l'I,u."ClllictlllciLIlI1J'Tb"'''-in

'I' N 0..1;:

"Ji"I'~" I T"Jhrl"~ti,,g

r(u
jrntoU\-OII

r.N. 1 ~ 'r.N.2·,17
T.N.k"'l7

l"m~lnwtllllnt.l",n

"c.

Dllut •• "" "yo' J)u~. :!'i. 1!l~L.

Te.bni,,".t

O~nlill" !Pumilihi"Il_1>1l1l!.'. S~"I Ill.LlJll'L~JIIll'~t",nglliWllog fif. J nn. 14, 1!l~7

Far
F1F

Technical Olders
H~dllll~tlJ Ol'~ L",( 01 TM.~ C~MclINI !\wl 'rho~Q in III frQ~t.. I~[od"l PB \' -Gt\. -It•• IJ_A Ilhil ?J nlte1 PJ12L1--1 AIr>plt<,.".. , n'ilt";o!i"n. t<l 1;;0 Ol.>.urvlld in. Cir,,,r,,\loll, I.ConJid'''ltiaJi ·r.cb"j""l n,'d'·r"_l.I.~ III 'I'h"~"('11"... lIed, iJl"'(I_ifi"" aud '" efl'u",l 'r,O,I4-1 '1'_0.1-11

'~IJ""'II" Ui;nlfino A~e"Jl8Q"ic.----C e ne~lor ., ,jlJ<o-l\:I'I't..""m~I1l <If, Jan. 24,

BlflSt
l~41

AUOWinte lists
$er:!lIlllB
l'h1)1ti/" 'IJ1"u"J O;y"t.om--Che<ll< of. D e.21. 11!46.

V .. "'e--lo&.ila.IaQll

fR

fI"lJ.r~" iRl~Qtfil'l-An." ...

Wi:r-ine:-lm~pDttUfHl

Powl" flhl-Qt RI."I ...... ,o_f, J'aJl-o 21,. Hkt7

Form! Mi."lirt
Plight n""ort-"')', 11.1 VII.J{lII h""liIo.

JO
l'I""!lI" Nb~!> -.;V1k'l!1 -Rid. <11, Jun 17. 11)~7 lLnbdin,g' GCIU-}f",,~ Wbeel- ·8tnll-'L'nrIIU~ A.ru ll<lIt,.-T1:.IInl"QOJ!JlI.nt. 'Df, .11L1lL 10-, LM1 ~LiUJdili!llO"'" Brn~Re,,1ft."IIl'lOl. NMcU __ E"],.",,st 'rail SlIfOUtI-l!11lJl"otiOft 'If; Jan. 2j,

\t.

h'M. VF. VO,

AnesSOfies
iAnt[-I~l"g Sy!ltl,m, 1.-5 m,,!ip~ft Anti.] 0"'11 PllIhp_ MQIlOI H- . (''''fvcl1llQn. l{e\)'orl< and l'e>ot of. Dec. 7, 1I141! i it""I>l1; '1'<1;;--' iw 3l ¥8-!l..,yoo Cord 'Ol).tTIH't;u,,~rt ..rn""lI~"...d RoplBC\II!len~ "'f, Si!ptem1;l•., 16.10'lIJ, lLupdinllCGeur. f-23 iM],,"oiI1noeou. AI1'I$ll~orl"". 1-.1 ulljlll)hlfmt No. 1 W,;jjtL.erhOj1<! R~ A_rrlpLl",,: Low, MedIuOl "Jill M,wlJlIl High Peessure trs.loll ANn 3 , AN787, ANillS, ...nd AN't89 OQtR.~hablo En~ FfttlopItl~trllrti<!fill Fnr, S")11.20, I04ll. ~AldrJlm .... ,\eo"".orict! Rull"tj",,-1ud~ of Elf"'1tiv8 Ruliftin", J..", 24 .• 11147, lI',,'v~rPlttnl",IM_.i es Mull lln No. 0-47. JIUl.1M, , Hili 1\-4I~

h,dJ'.r,(1I IJoln!i'in~

JRB/SNB

1'1pe HH'1.

;'

Uil4liu<' §Fuml.hiQb",-Dlt.nhinli l'r,;,v;siOIlIi. InstlllJ,,· tJ"_,, ot, lito. 14. 194:V t~'I1II'1"f1 ·UDlootr"c!i:l~ "I>\,Ulf G!WIl'JJI QYIlI' Elle.tri~

PMY

.".1 Co_eeti<lmr-Rl!'PlitCerllelLl W1!1, ~<m·ibBamm~bj., '1'),,1"', Jiln- 3. j!H7. ~[mtJ'un,,,,,_8\atiuVcnt.B-Rwl,,.CMHl-lIT, }ji'u~l. Uyd;mulle ruul Elle.ctri.1IJ Y.I.~m_ Liuu~ iT BOllli> 1I3a,y- rr,~pe.u.joQ "/, .r811_ 140. 1Il41.

(147

or. Jan.

H. 19~7.

0-11

Hydraulic System
Pumps

pV

IIJPomlUJ>" 8"~ SillviaQ lna:t.rlJotww
'1'lll'Oi"lWI \·ibr.o.tlon Ab'othw-

11""lIton Rto,o'4t.rd ]',opeU .. 91!1l<ltino

for Jtyd,,,ul1o IliJ PI LW!',vl!ltlel RlJ-.LlflW. Aug, 2, l{l~Il, IQr Bl!ulc- D ... wjn~ Rev, l.

1J~t/~U"11tt.trun\Olllg-YIl!)l 1.;!.uiLn!lty 'run~Tf!Hwr aud wit"h Ulllt:o-Mudtll"Mloll al. Jll.D. ,7. 1947 IIIl)trum"o'tB-7Piwe Tuh~ tUj!wJllll,;;lI, AI.. speed Ii!jnruu'I-J nfl1,RIl".UulL or. jtlJl, 11 19~7.

IIH

\17It"'A-InoW1J>LlOJi til'. "r"n. 11), 11147_

Propellers
PBtt~ t'lLt~"g Sl"""lilhl).
(fl. ll,ydLQIll.. ue 1"0)1<·]1"", (Er u;mIHIII' it~i.su"d Ol'l L';. l\H.J),

""1/,.0,,

R4D

• rn, J~Ur _ H UrlWIllll:(g!,_P!Il'.Rel~""

.Nl."iM~lofiE4wpm"nt-wtalfu\lon,
~t"lljJ.\joll of, D~c. lJr.. 194~_

]'l~.,

1iuhos-tn-

Valves
H,drauUt V,tlm
0l"'f"IL'fl1"Qur W"-,,Sel.<>tor Va!"",", A<Uu_MorJul, U13/.i and LlI24~J IMti. !In''''rh~uJ lUst"U,tlO1l~ for ~l.n<>ld" l'enll...J Four w'I)' S~l""'\,,' ~ra.lV(!Ol Mode"" 11135 ond 1324.6. lui It. ru, lO'lIl.

R5D
"h'l"IU

Safei>' "f J.'ljgbJ~; Ii;''!
ib:l"otriiHll-lJl.sh
TIjRlIr"-_l".t1.Llft

Gun"tI (<),' (" .. gO Rp._.ee ~io" "I. J 1lI1. 2 J. 1(147,

~Oper~ Ien prul ,;nrvitlo lruitrue

IOIl§

(or &Ienoid·

AIm, m.

SS2C·SBF·S8W
I:~"'~II'S~fm (If Fl!ltht: 1~11 tl'ower I'l~nt 'C""I,roL.-~rQpnller Plt~b '<)ntwl SI"l.t;,lL-~oJ(JfJU1. n "f, 0"".111. JOdd.

IDemgMt." N~... Pl1blloJ>Li'ln,

lO""J.".tc. New FuL

ILU",,,

38

B.s8Jrlcted

SC
('I"',,,~, ~H~dl'uun. !;."'h""-~1~'r. S,V1OteJIl n~lid V...II'_ltlJil:JJ,lli.tioli Q. Jon. :l. trl47

"i\lo

Manuals
.-\:11'

TBf
10,11,
R.cpinf'Mrnl.lllt

8M
~f, J «.tt~ '2' J,

(,'II,,,u/r s aruty .,,1 Ell/;h1. 24.~ i~o.",a. Pi"'III, "Qu1r"r.-Fl"Jdb.I~ COIlt..O!Jonnrl R.er6lltl_nlt

(1:bIO("V ...

24

A,:-;02-"!'A-l: AN 1l2-H\IfA-:1 1\'111)2-1(11'8-1.' A ,\I fl2-~fil'lB·a . 'i U~·IIJUA-~

If'''''~'''

li\tW!1111e"tI'rn"",~olUl Ilrl Gill. M"""taIt"If,jnrI:Oliuli of • .1 a.n , 10. 1047,

Aimaft Armament 8ullelin
1M~Il>ftJtQI"'~( L;'llfoc,h" r, l\lnrldi-l\'I"Jifio"tiull. n] Wh~n ~""<l .... h il'<lmfl Rc',,'ketL~'''"\l'''r. ,I i\rllrl: il Moo 2, n"".27, Jo.1(1.

AfIlIamenl
f01l'1811"

iH"'ILI))""k I". A"d·,\i",mLl M",J II•• !"tv Iii, IlWI

'I'Mfl~l, Floe! nJltk

Instruments
:17-1\)
IIS-olfl

A N ')2·:t~JB-~

I ~l,,,,,~II"(laOl"'- J\1""ufl1omre". nf rl<lo(ll; &l /Ii '"VII!! l.tlJjlfl'lM;;t~ • .oM.!!I, lI...a fl""l'1i,I"I"~fic. I"Ii~rmIl,m~. D"", ai, lh,lO\. Util l""bl[.hr<L\i""~I,h Insrnrn ..,nt .Bull"rinlll" "fT, lit,
J. 11117 lI'ioncer J ti;F.~,.uu~.;rJ~"'~

'u\·.~.'rH2 HlH-.5I'III
_H~ O~-JI)F1 I·~

J,,"

t .. n

~'fI,l). :tll

J ~f1

2-1;-

c·,: G.E, (EJ8~ll1t'Hydrauli~1
I h·,·I!""llllultr(lIlt,,,ps JUI$ I • UIIIl. ror "Ur,unllllI" PUnt.

,A.utomatic Pilots

Glln~ral Engine Bullelins
Ilrl

n",,<t;l.. 1

I'art.. (::..... 1011" r". AWl",,"
l(l'']{
j!i811

Gyro HDrizon.s an~ Directional G)roS.
and
(j~••e

• o . .RS8-J·laJlI D"u.l. 1l)1 ,

[,,,HeM'" Navy rIlly 'Pype J·l. He--

Indicators
AlfSjIeed 1",),~d llJdloQil)r.,
\ ~ 05-10-15

Ra~lD/Radar

Aowmet.er (Antl·lte)
iUpern Hnn &_. S""'iC" T~fu'11"U'!l'" with Purjs J';., _ 'r'l'in-Anti-Ice Flgwn,titer, iU!8.,\1·J Ill, Oct, 1. lOdl3.

Selsyn and Aa.llIS)'h

Pnrza atlllo~I"r DUal AlI!.OO;yn In.Ji ea t!) .... ltevi.OIJ ;r'lly Hi, ljJ46, l?".to CBtn!<>g fol' • jugl .. AUI~'II I r,rJjoot"l'!! ~".Y Bt<loJ< No. R-SB.I-IU62, -1ll()4. -122[', ·1,\.80, -18'1(>, Ue .. i.arl 1'1ov. 1. J9·1-6. Pllrte. CIl.'lalog lot Liquid LIWr,l AuL"~}'.. 'l1U1ll1l11(~" t ers ~~I""t-:t'YP1lAnd .. r'''Sillre''l,"ylW !EI,ydroliCl.!lc I. ed No". 12, l!JofIJ.

'\ '\I 1l~5;;ft·9 A!>! 05-Qi\tl.g

Al'A-6fl n~m~w C""uol·M"".it(Jr Croup Murl., M:od, 21l.od Assh~~""d ]J;llujpt""nl1?~b.1, J0411. 11i""tl.book or M"inteDahCQ Ifi~lrI.l"thlP". I".. ,1,Nj ArA-t\7 Remote Cruit.rol·Moo'I". 0'0,,-,'1;1 ... .10. .1, ~t<:><L Dum! As.""Jated Equip",."t., ,July Ul'L~. IH, .. ,dh!,")< ~1ah,te;11J.Ul~' rn.'ltt'll~'trl.i~ ro.. l-UuUo It.,,,,JV'''i U '\1'<\/ A H W -37, A'lg. I. iuse, fflirullio)<tl, 01 MJl.inwn"""" I "'~CI'Ulio!lt- for ;l,,,!),,

! l!lirll-li on \\Iaillml to ~ ~hQ AEW sy.. 1('rll, 10on. I , (rOo \I .. ' Ilh5(,,),s.51l~ 111'1.5. iJ-t a.ndb<lpk 01 Ma'n!"!llBo<tU 1rur!::rt, thlllJl for ANI ("O-N A It>::"). \ P' Gl).:i\lll APA-ll5 R"""JW CDo,~1'1I1onfl<>. l' 0"01.11' MOJ''k 2. Moo.. I andA80oclll"'" li:lJu1111r1 ]\Inr. 2;, 1lI45 nt. !fluriolbQuk of M~inlJ;luD.n,<o tnsl'rU"tIQII. (<i. AN

"'or

0'

AN I!J.;ltlAI{W 1I7·e

Di"""ilrglJr

A!',' I fl.SA-3, Nov. I '. l$!I4.

A:-; u&110 ASA .'J-2

n""...

Calapult Bullelin
lO .. lJlpuH1i'1g My,!.] AliJ'l "'-!J'Ilf"'I",,,;--"tJl,,,,,uhl1l~ JD~ttuetion. ror (he, 'I'ypc TI. ~b.k ill UrlLllpIllt, .tl>14 :H. lll~7. U2

Se.tanlS lod Ottan IS
OpQmtic". S",vina I1l1d OvorllllUl f!l8\r1l¢1;tci"slVfth p","" C~tlll~1r for Tlu\\hle Se><tnnt.

R vioOO. Deo. 0. 194 ,

nss-s-are.
AS.O U.;-50-1

I 11",,11)J)tllc of I ... trul~tiOM for1:'; t. StRIfe ",,,I PltQ'~' i!l~~I~'l'ub"".lh\'l;.ed N"" 21),lOl6,

Tubes and Yents

Deputy Chiel 01 Naval Operalions
iAn .Aeraloo
>I:tloo'l),I,g,", p",q, t!J~4
., hang' In

Photography
_!l."my '11>" r 1i'1l1es Pllo\\lgr.>jlhio e
j • l\HIl.

1tq'l iptn'lIIt. ll.vvi.ed

,,,:t', • (If-Hlii

§Terloin.u Foreoost Gro"p~ to Ibmriy
por .... ~.t!U .. St .. ~iQII~, or. Dee, 31, 1\146.

lll."""ClgBIiDn.i~ Th~ Fr., A"rologyT3u11otino;

~"Vfu,r :;o..J FI,-U!I

rrou,

W1lA~llert{ •
od .. l'"",,,

~-w
1-47
_ ?

Power Plants

M(IlT~n~. 'Engine. ~~<I('jo~~,d, Cilllnlumti(ln CIUJ.n" ... for 1l1e~'" Op.rMI"",,) AirarrJ't, l;nt1,'<l Still", N .. Rvitwd Nov, 1, I '<t6.

vv,

§Standd.-rd !te<m. Tide Tab!!",! P,..-ifio! and bdl_" Ooean'l; Tld~ 'l'"b)"", A ~1"mi'o OOllW>;and :\ mwj~lill ~allW"JI.I.zUrnll'III'Q,Dl.to.o(.l't"T)Ul"lIUe .." Stnnd liM n.]Jls,J'lln. lP. 19,17 , • §Mao~hll! A ."Iugi",,] ,uJUn~rlr'. ddJl.l!Hl"'l.wot/'\,,~
ions. '~()o.caJ,rung, Jab .... 0. 1~1j"_ 2 ~D"l!ilrn""._" ~ w J?o.Ib'JQ~II~"

Ig.ffill1n!tes New Pubt ""III",

LETTERS
ms : Th olticers and enlisred men Qf Fleet lrcraft Servlce Squadron 0 E H DRED Fi URTEEN take _a grellt deal uf pride it) suhrnltting to AYAL AVI,.\:!J:U1N NEIVS the inclQ5Cd facsimile of their recently ap_pruvl'd sqaadron iflsignin. -evl;lt ,I xcelleut itlt'll.S'and sk tehes were ~1jbllJmed If) the Sf) 'lHln.m by it ~ members.

.-\11 of th61D showed a great deal of ong1IIlllityauu effort, hut tlle lltsignia: suhrnitl~d I y Lieutenanl Finis E, Holland, SN(T was 6n1l1ly selected. In ,Iiew Qf Llle mission and loL'Utiuu uf F'.\SRon 114, )t is reH that the inclosed iusigni is apropos, J. B. OI..LY, LT. Qm.,

'err

COM~1ANDINC OWICEl'I.

~ISl!'e the back cover .FA~ nON-114\ colorful

<JU

(his

in igni<l,

issu,'

1M

ing the fishing ind IJsl-ry. In Eli hts from C»1H6nlia roast. hlin~l?s have carried ex~ pert sp.atters as far 115 ISO miles to S~ to {n~Ill()\'er large schools of these fish ju~t helnw the surlnc . 1'lJey report hock tli ~hl)r' bv radio. The' blimps have Iecated COles of s hoels 1Mging flam. 30 to 100 tons. Be(llle~terl hy ON 0, t'hl'S work is e!ttrie.d on in coll.junct1on with the Calli6nJiu Bureau IlJr Mtll'in.e P'isheTies ulld 't11 S:'1n Fmncisco nrdme Associatioo.-,\ltotleU NIJU)~\

NAS loF'PEIT FlELP--5ardJne-Iov r will be glad to nero !hat Z:P·51 is now aid.

39

LETTERS
Srnsr H<'l'P ylJlI \v!lul
'll(lUdl'Oll.

lind

pkltJrifl[

rll[lf"St'ul;ll!uu
lo

<If

to h,· our J1Cl'nTltllll;'ll,t [jIlHh, all the lleser"t' "lJiC('J'S eHIIC'f IlllViu~ appll(·ti Jor traJ1.der In SN nr for Ti"1~1I[icn1fmli! July 1[.)47. The "Alter," perhaps lH'tb:r
11&>UlilE'd

on

O<l~dl)"'L,H prctur« WliS tllk~'J' J:'I \I'ly Hl4El. ",'I hit w, •., ()ptitlli~trt~Llly,

tlltl"'"hil~llliDf)

Ti"

does

an

~IPt'T'>IUP~

or

Al:ter .reading the letter written by CapL W. Mollett,V. " N., 00 "firsts" hlr vIH01 in vour December W1l6, iSsu of l'<,"'~I_ ,,'IATION NEWS. It wns felt that 1I11l11 more "fiT:<ts," righliulJ· tlw claim nf the same tlfg3:n.Cilatit1Ll, were 1l:Jade priorI.. IILe 1043 )_Jtl"iucL rueutiuned. Tile below list of "firsts' \lJ'(' ulIcl't'd tIl l.ugment U1('St' Iistod in ('''lPt. MrlJl'f)Us letter and [11'1:' the c [L!dH of \'1' ,5.1 lid gill (l1l:y VIrn unm like! hy LL CdT. D. T. Da:v allil luter hy ClJl~t ... Moll'ctt. VP-5l ofJjelnJly heeume VB~J(n \

SIRS:

Tlle COfer
0/1' N'AS the "VB 1""'IL5 a

J\l

"noj,,,,,

N(Jl('t'I.~.
RutJ!'etJt!I!

".ado

gf,iug- a..~h'lr\' ~lt"re • I)O"l.

n Wiole of C~"'l1'" make-s thm I'\rl en·Jt) tohtv hl 1'~0g 11 ~!I,,' rn.JIU -a (tl·~uw.(""
1111

fOT IIb"Try

ba;:k,lra,,

1"'nies

w.

labeled ., nil',"

'lI11d shows Iml)'

uut!h·rE'rnnilliHg.

fll a.~ "I' h">JruU!,tlV HHt lho$f 01: the peT'nml'lcnl (r)

"flr~I-'putt· I!J413. . I. JIIU.', 19..19 ,,, Fe'n'nary 104 J \TI'-$J W~~ '1111' tJi lilt' Ar'!!. if IlQt the firo! Na·q 6.,u,ul.
III flllllfltn.h~ oJ eoru inunu yea , euntl lII"ltl "dledu", hi n rcas, Jli6rt~ anti East M' tllr r\ew Ei'H~'~Jlld ~ttlte-~. jtldtHHIl~r Nova SemHI :-wd N,'\\,f ••llflrllnl1d areas. ·nlls rtctndUTu.'nl wac '11111.1 rl." l'lrn,mllorl flf Ihe nnw '\Ill. 1.., fl. ~"l1Th"rl"",I, U- S N. t. l)l:l'~rfll' ...r, 1911 1J~-_;q Wr4.'! the fin;t S~.w';IILrun 10 -lE'tl\l~ the- t:-OJ'1tinrtttaJ limits 0.( I!'" (t s. :t1~"F lJ_m\)cl' 'til, 1~·H. ,,~\J !VI'" ll,~ j,,-.:L V [. Sq\",<lI'I'" to 1)"nll at 1\ a 1I<;1,IIC JI;11 hft~" ,II., ) "]ltlm".:<.: flltl10k n<o P~~.I H "JIi'" J. [)••w,,,h,,r. l~,n-.' .. <If "l'~l t>il!lt~,l ~,.. t,ia" 1..1. (; ~) I" :\[ }'I,I.,I -111,l L. J]. W·.!l;llaJ" .\'MM l/c. (S.\P I WIl!! thu lirot PDY I" klt'lll

"r

Sp~ ..d

ehllt~5

Gr(lmpow

Pe lfibofl~

vr

bid YOLI Kno'w Aod There. I Wq!i DQft,tn_sc on Deposit Maire A. Mitsch.....

USN.

b 9 11 13 17

Re!lel"ve Flyl,.q
Saipon Playground Looney Gooni.... NATC MU5cle8uiljljell9 irc;yelin9 Tro pi~ ~ Technically Spegki1l9 High Octane Fuel Oil Leaks

I8
2J

22
24 26 21 2' 30

;. J,,"e,
1 he flit!

l"lIY 111<1', .oS!} mol'-b ',mtTl of the Hnlv",ii;;u I.... uut.. ~iJ .goJtlt1d i"J,\j,·U~ t*limnn,d h til he between '-lll :tlld 5H Ieei, These t\\'.~ [lill.t.~ WCU~· th~ first \ r" ~qq:ultun~ It fW. H,e fn.:H Hll\":d. It<:r'''I''Il~1 I" he 1\'eHtAllld with the .Nllv}' ern....,. II}' ,\,lrroif'11 Co "' ... NImItz nftc r hr, a~:itJILJVlilJll I1f t:UirHJjtl.ud at 1·t.".~U'1 llarJJlOI'. T. IlL I December .!;Ih. '1M I I" June. HH.1--vl··';'l lu-afJ!tl:du~d ,IS.~nfi1l~'.a..~ !~ l~lJ\'· tYl}U vinnell l~ T~,,"ly [,,' A(~lil ~"'Hlit1rlll

""ok., '" c~ll

oj ",on

r

nl'

M'n rescue or uure

Grompaw's Safely Qui11, NaliigQfiQIl Qui>; 9, Ailooi and Ashar;, 23, Avfafion P,og'e.' H, Howlqr 34, AviatIon Or<l""nc(> 35, P",IlBication. 31t,

1~4.J'~<1 O~t.'I"'t. 1942.--n.51,
Lhea'lre--;]II lrulfl8

11'-!it lind o~l)' ~'IC,"~ rim In "Ilerah .. i~ pla1\'" .lnl,,1 ~",,,ou~I}' ; n rhree ,Ii(for~o.l M(U. "r
Pnoific oom~::d ureus a't

wns

th~

GR.AMPAW

9UIZ(p.

71 Solely

typic,d. JlL~k to pm\',· 11"lt \\'f' 'tl'e ~'" Ilpt'r~IIi1IJ! squndron in "pHc "r_ pi1tll df!JIJohllizatioH.
{I'

TILl" Ilkl'lm's [ell (1)1;. the part (IJ thp .~i II~'(· M } 19'46,. Prior in 'I JI) th,' RguJl")~ were wnrse. in addition to those Itul:l1 ,bf'd, tJhs s'11radruu h,~~~ received a t<lt:\l llC 2S 11€'W pilots an(1 11fts detached Ike ()~ thlll\1. 1'Id! belie"e our llit-uathm
~tf)1')

Iillh,: Mrfi,\~lI.Y, nU1~h HWUII1'. !LIT,l FijI Hurt b~pii iI u !S;UI~fl~ ~.i A'lllllSt 1.!I4!-_\, nl>1Jl~ ojf Vi~~1 was III~ 1"li1 .tf1fl lliJol} plam- tu mnke CUW" a witu till' tilth. Ji'h,!&.'1.lIull1trr the '(Il.)Hll1\lm.J uf ..\llmi-rnl 1""L."iol. Tlli, luue IjlnJ1~ I.r~ell¢l] ,'I•.: lUI!'. flr- l ntto X]~k-a Hny act;'tt;: as .0\ went)) r rtihu" unrl nnt'·~\_lhmarioe patTn!. J, I-!I~"-'l'wp plan s of \,,'_51 nt,l<k tho fit~1 \. P lhrpt'ilr> ,mocks ml1 HIe a,,,~... c lI"e' 110"" .ll.acliuII!' MhlW,'y r.ljl.rlJ~ x. Vp ..,I \V~ the linl naval r<>lub"t "IUlld""n to receive 1,',,<1\-·1 U.lrCM,rt nmj \\"'~ [he tu ~nkt! them (uta action a;rd.in~t lin; CJh!my~ II. V1.".;; I was (he fi""l "1l'«raIL'l~ 'Q1.tadr~~ ",

the

1, Bail o~!,. Ref.; Flight tin 1045.

B~lIe.

Z.

Always

rolotion
toke

,n t~e prpes,

to clenr all from tbe In.
Ref.:

direction

of !formal

~. i"""

Art. 14-201. 3. Check

SuA...

Monuol.

J""

frr,.
{lIJj

QuollsC'l w("a~llI'r <IIi 1 llrlljt.,d plll'''' oN liJIIhiliTv ( ;\Jllrs \VHf!! d"llI~ bili..:.eJ ltiC,) the ~'Iuat: rllil )ltls 'flII"''' a t"t!\l of SO;:;<) h')lJr~ nnd milch" !!fa "-'Ii-Frier lal1din,;s since 13 ~lmT 11),lB. • :\1 GW,HU 1\.'(;)H'IO.... )[1., 1:1 C~IIU' VF-7A (!os V]'·IR) :--AS QnoNslW ]'<U"'i'
WI J..1.nw Guo, l!,jllh'lllc lronti'nctOr$ hid 'l< lI}l[l'i1 a.~ $J.,OUO to lImk!·

l'U4 ~..J, l(J fern!1 u.,,111~ II "r kill;: 111. ~k." p. 11",,1. r...uu {lOt "', I l'~rts "a\vt'~~u ,f,'om dam~_g.-d ;oj "·r"ft. 'I-hi::< Sdl",jl t ralued ''''''1' 'RIll ~\ 1"H1}1~ ~il'V'Y t\).~] ~{a,,..ilh;: lie iSVIJ,U'Cl it1 the Ilj;UJ1·h~fI.fiJ1C(' a.u.d Ql1C!'a.1iuH 1J.f" the ]'~4V 1 .:JJT c"1it tIl a.cas >;till 'llld<r bombi"'.O:- nt!<l<:"k. TIl. l)'ll'il]~' the· p~riO!I )anuD<:¥ I,!).IJ 1" S"1'leJU~<'l IU~J.• ".-51. n.)j11•• ·IOJ. m"iuwillotl • ,h" 1111'-" "jIT.'ttit a'i:litnhill)l .....' seht'<JIIJe <If ,".}I \'1' S'lml,h ... , -1n til" Cltud").",,,,1 "rea ope." atfIl1l ,h. ~'lfU\! IfUitPtn 'fit ... purir:qr ..I)LS Il riud J16 uac. ,aircraft was lost (lll to m.ninte.n~lilc.C". II, "..,..,1 wuS- tho nl~r ~nuuu'(lil II> u'"' Ih"i< l'A 'f.'II; ao. lin i1Jte~raJ part ot tlu:. Qfl",;,lon" 1j1111l::'Li!'rf.iil~ t~:::altlir~~~ i!Jld ['tn'I·,luytrl-S PA 1S! rl~r· Ih 0
~I f~UH;1 ~l.~

cn-nd uct

l'"

C0n11ltt'tl:'

m.(~hl1 ,to_1q mg ~nu rse If

mediately upon becoming (Iirborne. Assume and maintain .. safe rate of climb. Do not mok~ unnceessa ry tu rns and do no.t ope rote ou"iH. ory (Qntr(lJs or rodio e"quipmerrt un til you (Ire' obove SOO filet. Ref .. Flight S-Qfel~ Bulletin 1045, .1, (0) Eo.f!-Odd
(b) [d)

tokeoff

flight

inst(umcnb

ond gil On indrument.

before im-

West-F. en rhausa~d:~.
thQlIsQnds,

thousand,"

South-Even thou50n·d'~. hf.~ C.A.A. Regulations.
5, Towo'd ,he inside of the spin to a"oid hitting t~e toll surfaces which will be on the outside 01 the spin, R.ef.: Poge 90. "Parachute Sl!nse" • RECOGNITION (inSIde bock con, J 9UIZ

(c) North-Odd

1""i.1':pIi1~duNll cum

l:ll

.\11"

of.:.t~ 11-\"10;

I'A

-.::k.....-

vvh"JI
P

" i> {lOll 110,,\ yr.-iiI l\tillo.~ vn·jliJ. oI,,,t-rv,o:;; 11"- filial "Ii~ ..\" i" 11.~t. allhQUII'l; 111,1'. .1II",,10'''11 ha' e'mt rib",,,,,] lJ1 Ji.\'r~ nnil tIT or! jdt~jv" lll'l4 ht~yn,,[l ll.et ltillt1ll:d r-tlll ~r Ilht).;.. to !hit; ;11:1:1" I'~.t!- .HIJl Il:ecJJ~li '11bl' t'H[iH,a!UIJi..tl (oi H jl~f,\J w1'11 (1rJnr:'..-·' fill''''ly,
u

I. FD.-I

2. P·BZ

J. Vompire

Supp],) l)llporlnwl l tll'c.;i(]t'll to lUuke Hwm Irmll addrf'~so~mvh platl'"

!.hlg. ll!~ fur 'VfnllW Grow,

"l'll"'ltk",,'p~'I'

,u'ill.neI

al
MM

H. L. HOI", Lr. 1). liS;\' H. C_ Gcm!!;, LT .. 1)S:'l: 'El<:!o,.N~,OJ"., BUMl.

4. P2V j C o>n5tiM ion, (DB3F) rRlIssion),

(8r.) XR60 6. IL-4

• NAVIGATION QUIZ 1. The UJlwind leg 2. 090' 4,8.6 gals. 5. 28 gols, ,AIR STATIONS QUIZ ("nside frCill t COY-er) Top-I'-JAS Corpus Christi, •

.p.
T

1. 'l:es

91

Pliblisb.d monlllJy by Chiet 01 !'laya' Op~,a!ion .. (0p-50-D) and Bureau ,,' AeronaLities t;, <lr"s~mi"a!" .ofel},. ''''y'yal, ~,afnt,,"a"w and ,echnical d,,~a. AI. mail .. hollid Ire "sed Jf p•...-tfk"bl~. a<loirentQ; (h1.f c>t NII>Q! OP"ration., Naval Aviation New., N9V'y Deparfm'''J, W.ahington 25, D. C. D,j,~<i cQmmomlc.atioh con b. made to Na~al A~ratID" New,. lteom 4'825, Main Navy Bldg., ollle. tel.phono ~d.n.ion 61661:

NAS Seattle.

Bottom-

40

OLQRFUL in.~gnia from h"raldk desigl1~ Ie . . Walt Di.:sn~y's fantasies [ealm'e.cbl5mond~"s squadron insig·wo. V1?- tlt·",,,"$ ios.ign.'l honors (;:;;}.PI. Hoskins, of the Prill ce.tOI1 , CV~37, iWho IDst a l!!g on 1.1.. " old Princeto»; The pirate i~ iYmbolic of the squadl',m'I>Cooa'rs. VA·S·A's irulgn.e h'ls a knight",n horseback, holdiqg a t·ot'pedo. His belmet

C

co

SQUADRON

INS~GNIA

wjn~ symbolize aviatien, anchor 011 the shield ~ clut}'. Animals aP.pcar 1,0 be popuI.~r with insignm.arlist. VF-22-A has a- black panchet willi !'od,,,, and bomb, s:ymbolizing itll Hellcats' 5!t"ilcing power. FASRON-U4'j bear and meuntains bes:peak its cold .10 le, ;In tbe (I'igi~ ,Aleuli<an blands ca

me

VF-2.2-A

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