••

I

SHIPS AND AIRCRAFT

These
1

two East
(I

OMit

air stations

m"JY be di11i ult

lot

mothball ~hip' nearby -

to recognize. 'me top one has lees that help? Answers ar on the last ra!!t'.

NAVAL

AVIATION

NEWS

S~"TEMBER t 948 No. 285

AVY
T
HI'.OLlmR day L3 naval aviators

T

5T PILOT
for new :airplanes. He'll obtain the 0 time, IIStin;::; fan and figures an a knee-pad Junng Hight, making rep rts, reading the aun rna ically-recorded information from his test instrumentation. And his final report will not be deI ivered ill an offhand, casual manner to Hie newspaper reporters, II- wiU be on paper in Mach numbers

and threelv arine pilots were ordered to aval Air Test Center at Patuxent to enter test pilot training.

data over a period

And uh, heigh he, or the 11Ee 0 a test pilot ~ for the Ii e of the debonair ,gentlernan who comes down from a life-and-death strugg1e with. the dements to
proclaim calmly: "Tile critical 'Mach number of the Iff 111ollr/er XAl3 -14 must be around .':>98, for
It was at .9'19 that 1 lost my taw. Now, if you don't mind, l'JJ have a tig:lret loaded with that tine burlap: ir burns better at 92,000 feet."

graphs and clmrts .olely for edifiesIon of enguieer , who will take it
from there. He won't lose his tail.

H is time history of 1lights in critical
Mach number range will contain everything from elevator angle, tab angle, calibrated and true air peed, altitude, normal acceleration and dive recovery device positlOn. All

at NATe does not tum out pilo s Iike these. As n matter 0£ fact. only Hollywood can Jo that. The type of test pilot that i expected to gra.dll;tt~ from We ix-montb course Jown at Patuxent- River is a far Jifferent bleed. Sure, he'll establish critical The test pilots'
:!H.:J1001

of the Jat<l mean something

and

SOME OF NAVy'S

BESt PIl015

AT New

SCHOOL

the pil )t must know hal he is talkLtlg about. It isn't the movie-type of glamor pilot the Navy wants, but the Ilier who can use his brains,

RtJBtricted

1

MONTHS AT EST SC.HOOL
ToNay}'
what lest pilots must be, pllrti('UJarll' test pilots, und what the test pilots' school will teach in the 'fi".moncl1S" course of Instruction, it is necessary
UNIHlR.S'fANH

PI ~_OTSTRAIN SIX
about lest work.

,

to know .something

At Naval Ai.r Test Cenicr, where all of lhe Navy's airCTi,[7t kst WQtk .is done, there lIrt: J'iv>c divisions, Approxi· rnately 100 test pilots ate attached to these various units. All tXi1t'!imi:nlal ui.rcraIt, 3HJ :I rennin percentage or producnon rnedelscafter acceptance by the Navy, go to Patuxent for the Board of Inspection .rnd Survey trials. Flight. Armament, Elertrcmcs, Service ami Tactical Test each gc~ a
crack .It tile new airplane.

In jhe Flight Test divisiou. [be ,lirpi.ult g('t~ flight test trials, farrier urccptabilhy t.rLds flnJ tesr of stnbll ity llnd control characteristics. Other tests determine the Bying 9·ualil ies ,mJ per leemanre {b,lrac:tt'tisti cs of ai reran llnd gfllcral aeronaurical material under actual Aigbl condinoes. DudI~,g lhese, :1 t~sLlilOt ~'ill do all the glamcrous thjn~.s so ~low!nA"l)' arrributec to him by HOllywood -,lDd R. multitude of grueling items that are not so well pubkized, Su(h items ;1$ operational ceiling ;tnd critical Milch number are established by test pilots Eying the airplane in those (ondi· tions, Carrier performance is ascertained by hundreds of ~i.muhlted currier land iogs. ll1'rest~tl[on tlnd Clit(lcpult shnts, Day after Jay a test pilot- will make Jandings and rake-erfs For r,; very hour he IS in I he a it or em the ware r a nother hou r 'will be; spent III IL desk [cJudng 1I1l.atysi~ d~ltllto charts, gr,lphS ami reports I;'xph1.io!o,g his findin)::s.
hOw;,

When' the N!H'Y !;':t1t:5
them through their

IlCW', untried aircraj], il;; test pilots rut paces 10 see if Ihey meet requirements
011

ill a ncw-lyp~~e:.lpl;tnc

under

w!ddy

\,;II}'ing Load oandi-

01 landil1J;l and loading ronditiuns, Earh lan.ding Will record lhe JO;ld imposed on the p]ane'sstrllchlr-c, on the arresting

Gluier

l.tnding~ will be made
And

the field with

,Ii!

types

and I.;lolling gear,
strain is encountered.

Jt will show prectsdy
that

where dw
perfectly

A tail-book
!TIJ}'

Linder normal conditions

~nll.r durin,g a fds't, hcavy.loa~

functions

Pilol5 in the Test Pilo; School pose with tlfIidlLls; fwnt row, B~il-f Adm. A. SOLl.Cek, Commander NATC~ Capt F. M. Trapnell. Ceorslimuor of tests, and Lt. Cdr. E. P. Schulz, A~st. Director. Second row: Lt. (jg) D.A. Lehb, Lt. Cdr. M, R. Dahl,l.t. CeI1. ]. S, Hill,
Cdr. S. S. Sherby, Dirt-dar:

Lt. CJr.. N.E. Harris, 1.1. Cdr . .I. G. Hedrick, LL CJr. J. R. Rees, .dr. H.• .N. Funk. Third row; 11-. R. M. WfnzeJJ, H, (ig) R, A. Wa.lker, Copt, T. J. RO~'SJ USMC; te, E. J. BeL!,rer, USMC;. it. R. R. Roy, USMC; Lt. R. F. Kennon, Lt. C. B. Smith, Lt. K. B. Duke. Lt. (jg) S, Evans, also student. absent

2

Re,Wiot(ld

Test pi.lots must know about many different planes, such as this Foil witb nose ur SO radio gl.'lLI and ballast are exposed II an ~mergtnl)' lnnding IS necessary just .aftcr take-ofT', .1 l'it~lr: "becfinj:( 111 the lid! might mean a plane saved. $0, 1'1:UII::' ate changed .. mcdified, "fixed" and tested again, Hours at the $~ick and more hours behind a desk
landing.

selves with rs

Alnother

........ _new

N<t\Ty jet which test pilots flill'lilianze themt'hi,~I:)I Fllry; western squadrons are Hying rIMe

Pilots in Armament 're~t ,oI.Hlu!.t annnmen I b: ials of a,i r.. r raft; lest it under ,lltU.l1 mUhl conditions, and test and develup serial tow t:.trgets El1d' c{juipmcnt. Do the bomb racks ~Qrk? eMI (he rocket rails he improved? 110\'1 do the- gun~ "fire ut -"lO.OUO feet with temperatures down around -67? H there is J! better Wil,y to do it. let\ do it that way, ToJay armament is rnurh ,oll~trneJ willi !l1;lku1g fighting auplanes
QuI; of the je! speedsters.

mJ.k('u I) the work

or

a test pilot.

Evcrything electrical and eiL'<.:lronic gets the works in Eh::drrJl'lit~ TC$t. £va.iualioll of the Qpern! ins performance of surh equ i pmen t un cia laboratory an tI IHght cond it ions is LUril.!J 01,11 b}' tl'Sl pilots ill this di ision. . Service Test has its pilots .flying new airCf:l.fttypC'5 under s.mulated combat condltions until Iht!), are ready for survey.
On the

maintenance are discovered and evaluated, They find out w'111lL l~iLrts will IIl:'eJ replacement most often. Tilt,}, establish the number of hours :J. plane can be expected to llOlJ tO~('lher ill IL .fi;!':ht. Pilots in Tactical Test are dlUgcdwith the t(lctirat development aircraft and aeronautical 't!<jurrment, _giving qualltative t.I~tiIi<1.I analysis of the aircraft [rom the pilets poinl of view, They do not formulate new tactical methods or a uack, Their reports of whM il plane is <.:1l[11tblc of doing may !>uggt'sl t lI~nge_~ in lnctir~, but that is rWI theIr province, What tht')' Me irnmed iarcly ronccrned with i$ what the plane Can Jo [rom H tlldica! viewpoint. For (I'X,Hl1p!e, ran 11.divebomber dive? Is ,I hghtl"c (arable of fighting?

10 ruin, the serviceability allJ mairuenaoce preblcrns of ntw·type aircraft are determined. New methods of

roaJ

Test

pilots

from IM.ge-

to

are important

small:

.R~II is

cog in development of aircraft. Navy's l.irgest land tr,II)Srort

or

ing of the test r~lqt1>' school i~ took .. new pilol (rom !ojx 10 12 months with" unit before he was of :lll)' value, The Fli,ght Test drvixiou offt'tr-d 9 short te~t pilots' ("OlH~ prior to the open iOJ:: 01 tht' test pilot ...' S,( h11Ol, wh irh ntJpecl indoctrinate HiglH Test personnel lind gd lbem Oll the righL rond, However, the SdlOOI had to run ill competition with reb'Ulur Aying duhc.' in Fli.~ht Test llnd was neccssari'iy !>ke1d,y.

)Il.TIi,gliters.. some sus , are or N al most<lmi levelmaxiinmum Obviously"sh ort f.dr]), shallow going th eir speed of ity in straight Hight. dive
li\V 1,:11

capable (Otnrrcssibil

,rilieaJ speed range. T.t(l'ital ~c:sLfinds out at just what angle rI ive II rc r!:mc gtl<:S over the red Ii1.1. Th t: l1i1ot~ who get c these planes operftti on al I)' "viII have tofigll re out how .ton.!lht without exceeding this dive :ln~le; or Tactical T~J;,t will recommend methods by whidl the ~11U1f: ('.'111 be kl.."j1Lslow enough to fight. Perhaps dil!~ brakes will be- 111e-ultimate 1U1s" ..er, pcrhaps son« other device yl.:t unknown. E ven the best nil d most 111 tell igel! I pi lot can',[ en ter l! 'lest unit cold and be of :Uly value until he has absorbed the testIng rUlldlunelltl1l'i--Ledmi(]uE:e and methodS'. Priori 0 open ..

al full powe! will place lhe,,, planes in the midJh .. of the

iI

Students of tes t pilot school bl:kl' >l look 'lIl what makes rhe .. F J-J go: ~ix men 1hs roursc hit boLh theories "od Ilfactice

3

NAVY AIR LEADERS
D
llUKTOlt

RUN TE'STPIOTS SCHOOL
of the test ril~t$' Sd100J,. one of its. earliest sdvorates and jts hend It'iSti1lltor IS Commander S. S. Sherby, 'Commander Sherby has 5pent some [our years at Nil.vaL Air Test Cen ter as host pi lor and eng ineer. An ,IOtJemy ~r,lcllJ.illC', he fin1shed off !l PG COUI'~"" ~t MIT in aeronautical ~'n,L;lllet'ring, and is one of tilt: stalion's best enginet'r~ and h:~t pilots. Under Cornntander Sherby's direttton, (here is Lt. Commander E. P. Schuld, aeronautlcnl engiocerio,t;: Wadu-

ate of Tri -Stale College. toward producing
A,Jmittedly

shooting for the rncon, (he school is aimed the world's host lest pilots, Students will be rnohled into the pilot-engu1eer-rcporter form, which makes good kst pilots. One half of each Jay is devoted to academic work in the school, the other half [0 flying airplanes, Captain F. M. Trapnell, coordinator of NATe ilJJJ_ J: vay interested

Admiral

Apollo Soucek, CO of NATe PA'1'lIX;ENT, himself an old Les! pilot, climbs IlbO!lrd a P{',UIi/JlII to see- how it files

p;trt)' to the tEst pilot truining program, plenty of Jlying. Ing an
At present

prernrsed

the

boys

on, !tdJl'~L These will be used f or (ami Ibrlzjl'.ion J1jghts, instrurnent qualdi(;ttloLl and some work all tt8tirt,1l tcdmi'1u;t'. In 11dditig.11, t'.1,h dt,y"s ~dH::dult will have some of the boys Ilying heps for $I:'A'kc Test, A typi,'u.J scheduled hop in Service Test will have .1 student landing and takinj! off ,L number (If limes, Ilying at milit:{ry
jWW02t

rhe Sdl00J has seven airrraft assigned, IUd udXNQ . .Fro!', f7'F, 'FI<F, SND, PBY-6i\, and E, JJlI~Y-Z. Later lwo FH-I'S, an X'BT;';D .1n(1 :t couple of JRIl'S should be

tesling inclu .. es many ,.tt(lptllllng~ l trom ruuwlly~ test pilols g.et w:idt variety 01' experience ILt mew Nary school

pCltuxent

The nr'5t mouth i$ Ii lJeJ wtth aLgebra, physics, triJ::ollometry ,lnd sl ide rule, 'The second mnnth continues with physics and ,gOtS into aerod)'l\amIC,~, rnuthcmatrcs, engines, fuels, lubricants. weigbt and bal~m:e ami materials ", Tilt' third month give, more acrodyn.Lmlr~ and enginc~, hIkes IIp propellers. instruments, tu rbojets, and report wririn,!!. A well-earned nine-day rest. is dropped in .It th'lt. paint and lhen tlie second hal f or the syllabus cernes 11p_ In the setQnd hair, the student be,gins to Jearn how tu do the lhin[l;s bis job will require. Nu I01J:Mer mncerned w.lth bll.~k information. he now begins lo use his physics, math and slidt rule.

Corhvt' minutes, climbing the airplane to S(!fvi(c ceiliug, ,Jiving at a 1 ".degree ,lnAle at ratedhorsepower from 20 to II) IhotJS:lnw ftCl,and gent'1<llly wringing the airplane out. It includes uu analy,i~ work 011 the part of the pilots, but w<:.Julres .some prt'ci~icll1 flying arrd {~lmi.l.hrrizes theru with I1roc(."Jvre lliloLiJ.1g-flyil1g \.\Iith n pu rrose. . Luter in the course, RS the pilots become more ;tdVllJlceu, they mOlY be Illilized by Flixht aaJ TJ.dk~u Test, wbidl does demand some Hight ~mdysis. A lot of books and brain eel Is ,liet -.1', work-out alsu, Durin_!< the lirst half of the course b,,,,~lc engineering subjects Me t,LII_ght Illong withfundl!mental rur{T;lft rourses,

, Em b ryo le~L plio!'" ,!o: I \C;' Iht" 1- -[ ,L Ihurough ,gUII\I;,uver as II J awaits en-gllle dl,'llgC at Flight Tcsr at Patuxent River remer

\

H It ~I:{!< r men til of the s.ecolld half, tead'lt::. ~om,tlb log 0 f stabdI ty, specifiraticns and, gets rnte the Fltgbt Te'1t Mnnu.d-tlte te~l ,rmtc.r's bible. ThL second month of the loner hidf continues with the Flight Test Manual and gOb into specific" lltut woek, such tI:'> Tartkul Test. Armamenl Test, Service Test, and Electronic Test. In addition, perIorrnance methods ure studiecl, helicopters are analysed, aUU u ~eld trip i~ made 1·0 Hie David Tuylor Model Basin. Tile fin,]! month of the sdmol is dt:vm(;'J 10 Flighr I(.';,!, 111:i(()pll'r,~ nnd 1;11 h)' vari 1)lt~ ~t A l~1\ rcprl'StlllaLi Yes, pI 1I~ I k::. u nurnher 01 field trip~ to expenmtJlt;tl laborarones and man \.I {m::tu rers' J'lant~. Tht" Z5tll week 01 the srhool xces the

T

4

gr,tcl~lillion CX{'f(ISt!S. No attntion is anticipated ;lml [111 lhc boys art: C'),"pl.:dc,l to _r:rac1uMe with honors, Pt'rh,lp~ (hiS- 'no alt rilron' arrear~ optimistic or mrglu lead one to beheve the SCbOlll's stJmb,.rd~ are 111 h:lll',r1)rtst, 'rhi, i~ not I[U~; e\wy rn.rn i~expected to be a 5u'algbr "A '

student. \1Q'lth "orne 01 U1(' boys thj~ will mNlJ1 extra as ..i~, anrc work Ior lhernselves :;end tilt." [nstructnrs, hut when II subiccl 1<; lin i-hed lOJl h ind 1\ Illu.l[ will have iI LllOWtlgll knewled t.:e of it. H uw ~.111 [he ~lli 01.11Pc so su re lhill ,Ill of lhe: ~tUJtcll I"S wi II be ~"pub[e 01 !lbsorblll~ so wI1.1pktdy t Iw marerial ,c:i\'('fl' Very careful -electmn insures this, l11tc" method ()f selection used to IiII tlie ~Iudent cJuol,1 reminds one (ll ~l ~Ul r~~~[u I
ofh, ..r'~ 1,;;lndiolale uucrvlewer dUring tile wur. GIIC pnrtiCll Ja.r interviewer for the Army's oITILer" L.tmlidllte school woun.] II!, ,{ six-month [,t-rloll of illtt'rvi,ndng with 'I no'!:(;( 11!~

students .u-fl1Jlll\'lln~. TIlt {;ener.d, interested in I'hi~ f.l${inatinJ! record, wem around 10 filld mit the iatcrv iewcr's mJ.glG method of selccrion. Th~ 1l1.lngJ.\'(' the General an. Ircnclad secret of suecess, He asked .Ipplil,mts ll1~t two questions: if beth wert:! answered III tilt' .1ll1rmnllve the bo)' ,~nl the school, If euher was answered In the lle~~tin:. It. was "no dire:' The 9lH:~' lions. ' Do you ll~ ;1. col kJ.!!; J~'greC!::l Were }'UU .l Phi Been "r.: Some of the students ,Ittellllm,l! the test [,ilOls school ltnve never ,!lOlle to college, bul Lln.')' all have PI.I! Ed" pilots' records ;1J1J gmJe ".1\" mtelLigcnc.c, The manuer in which tlu,T were sdt:ded insures these prerequisites. School bi LIds were no; dmsen, by d j reel lpp Ileal ion, Fleet commands tbmugbout the Navy were requested to nerninate and rerornmend the best ~]ualificd I,ilot p'"'fSonnel Cor test work. Out of the -to or'H} pitots sdccted by various communds, Hi were screened and selected hy the ('>(11001beard. LTpull gradulltiun the students will j011.] lI:Jrlous urnts on tile stanon for a tour of duty, Pmbably the majority of pilots will be taken up by Flil:(hl and Taclical T(!St, with 11 few going I'b Atmameot. EIL'CltQi1ic and Service Test, The schoel will rorrvcne every six to nine months 'Illd will provide t'1l0u8h personnel to fill billets dCl'Jdcd by rotation and attrition <It NATe. AU future incoming pilots arc expected to t1nlt."~ teSt work through the te:;t pilors' school. day Rear Adrnrrul A. Soucek, Comm1lnder or NATe, and ofttimes member of lbe N:t:vy's test prog.ram Juring his naval career. talked t-o the students. The AJmilaL who twice hdJ world altitude records, told the embryo test pl1,ots what WILS expected of ihem, A test pilot, he stated, must have three basic qualifications, PII st. he must be a good pilot. Th i"~ doesn't mean having rhe ,Ibihly to execute a slow-roll at 'it) Icer and live. Nor does it mean a pilor ~:Bp~lbleof (!Yln~ any airplane the Navy has, It means J pilot capJhle or guod flying, with J keen desire to fly precisely and ~n enthusiasm for thl;; job "well done." He ITIlI,t bt, '4p~hle Of ,1bloOrhin,K new flying tedlOitjut"s. _\'u/IIbO'I' IINJ rr:!f(llll't III 0'11 I: A test pilot must be d good neronsuricnl engineer. In test work, the plane, engine, and el'eryl hi 11g rhat harpt'fh to both must he en re fll]]Y an:1Ij'5cJ. as to periorJ]];]flet=, deficrenries, CII pahll rues an d what not. The lcs1 pilol is nul just ,1 chuuffeur: be must know flat ollly how he m,l kcs his P lane rea, t, hul why II reacts as it does, An d 110;must be (llrab] c 0 f un dersrand i n,g acronnu ticn I terms, dll.l.r:ts, ,1[lJ Iormulae, t...Ie must know tedUllc,tl Ia.nguage. (;'Iee: TIle resr pilot must be, above all else, a. good reportxr. He must be capable of transmitting' the knowledge he h.l~ ,gained from Ilying the aircraft to all the people who
N OPllr..trNO

Hel'jcopters, too, are part of thr.: ,,-00 (~C for I\,-'SI pilots ,IL Pntuxeut , they get chance to Ily everything the Navy emplu}'~

Kuprit!"

"

,

O

Jet engines, as well as planes. stood by test pilots; they' examine

l11U5t
II

hI! th_tJr~ughJy under'fC'Ul() axial Bow engine

--'

evaluate his analysis, The fact that 11 test piLot Hew M aircmit to the plll.m:'s critical MJ.Lh number means nothing if he doesn't get It on [",pef Io r the experts to una! yz'{,',

stay o-n the ground,

50 tile),

can understand nod correctly

Recorder installed in P/wlfom'.; nose. bclps keep data 00 the plane in Bight; students fly planes as well Q:; sludy books

.s

High Jinks
A Ai~ht of two FW'S on an authorIzed oxyt!en tactics hop proceeded t an aitilutl(; of 'll ,000 feel and f(.'ll1ll1ud there for J'i minutes, after which they descended ru IS,()OO. AI Uli:. altitude the secuon leader pl.1cru hi wmgman
and nosed over to rucrease his "rt:cd. At approxirnately :no kuot.s Ire pulled IIp iruo fI. vertical climb
poslrl!')n. III column

lie
':\1 t

W~,~ joking

wuh

his

wingm;"n

uutil

" few minutes

oerurl'

Ihi~ series of "rcUTS

It.illt ('1;' life.

Dear Grampaw,
You prt)b:lbly heard L11lS yam eight ten yearb Ilgo when it W~iS Ii r,'l maKIng the rounds. but maybe -SOI1JL of or
your readers haven't ror gotrt'n it. ht'~IId it
\II~

r

IUI\t

and held

it until he stalled out.
a s<.:rle~

1'111.111.: W~1lt into

tudes and regnmcd normul Ihglll nfter a f:tJ! of II bout ~non f C('1. At tlli, time the section leader remarked over the radio that be was glad to 11.1\'1: rero\'ered (rom that 1D,111CLIVCf, .lIlt! 't,lrtecl J sp,ralilLg .le~(eI11 Whc..., down to about 1,000 feet he ailed his winzrnan .111 1 asked him t make J wd ~ht'~k Q( "i~phm~ as it \\1;1 vibratII1g bilJly_ TIle wmgm;m was unable to notice ~nl' ~trtJ("hlr.u d.1m~,~t: (mel UK' lu};!lll (tHllm lied Oll dow 1I to 1~lit! h-ct. At rhi rime t1u: ~e'I.,iOI1 leader .ulde.l rowe-r, and sl!1tcd that he would \limb hack to \I)(HI feet to check the 11 i~ht rhararter isti . of his plane, k he added I'vwcr 11[5 plane beg.1Jl La stream ojj ~nd smoke The airspeed fell off to .1 (,Oll1t where th wingman could not ..t.11 ill { rrn.u iOB with '\0 de)!,rees of tl.lr and
110

or LLtHl~u,L!utti-

The

Back

III

the ('arly days or

avruncu

cadet pcogmm II ~LUdtnf 00 ~ solo hop in primary Irolining ~ot lo~t about 2'\ miles north of Curry Field. WbL'l1 he started back near the end [the
IH.lUIL

he suddenly

reahzed

that

hL

luul

,i,,·
were ilxcccded 'II this time, it probabl e Ihat n major Slr1~cturnl fajlure 5t,l.;:h 3~ dlsiategrmien of the tail ~urfaces would hay .. resulted, in.,,, this was not observed un III vi ual check, if i. much more Ijk('ly tbae .!<om interrsal Iailur e it'! th e "nglue structure ca used the vibralil.m .md loss f power. aut let's go burk and look at the sequence uf events thnt Jed lU th " c iden!. In the firM pI"" .. tw" pilot violmed Ihe provisinns of Aviadnn Circular utter 97-47 by proceeding [0 ;UI "Jclfud.. ,,( 41,000 I think his ad i"n.. II[ 18,000 f-ee' indlcate !:m~HY de.~rlvlh," he was stlll suffering f~om the eJferu of ,1110"13. My (ecord" show tRat pilors do some veX)' curreus and unpredictnble thin.g,9 when theIr judgmem is atfecred due eo insulli·
seems

limitations

familiar igb(,~ he del ided to land his mN in a field adjacent to ;. farm lJ\..use. i After a nice LmdiL,g be got nul and walked over to the farm house where lr~' learned that be wa~ nearly JUt north of the air srarion. Sim."e he- was then a little ov ·rdwe. he a:;ked pernllssion to
telephone the station t ~a} Ihal 11~·
1<

no notion of which way to head to rea h Corry Field A Her flying abuut ten mmutes wjthout rt'cognizing an)'

would be right bark.

headit g of 170'~,

He gave b is po bon and was directed to Ay back on

II

pOwer

A5 he pulkd

ahead

of the

,eet ion leader the latter signllkd fer ,I ~hirl of (rt:~luency lind notihed the tower
rhat he W:1.5ma.kjl<,S an {,Jl1N,gency water

re,,,;.

hJfH1 il'~. A few seronds Inter his plane went mto J diving turn to the ri~ht and struck the w. ter at a "degree nglc, 111(' rilot opened hi.s hood and made an eCtort t .eet Out of the plane in thi di e. H . W:I barely uear of the pLLOi: and his pill t-diute had rusr started to stream when he hit the water. The- plane 'ank immedil1tt!ly, while the bouy and ["lara· chute remained afloat and were re(overed Ii few minutes later by a n~arby ... fish iog boat. The: rned leal officer W11 of the 0pln ion that the futal injuries may have been received on impact with tnt' tllil urf aces of the aircraft.
Grcmpa-w Pettibone
S(1)'S:

About 20 minutes later the phone rnng again in the orry Field cpersuons office, and the conversation ran something like Uli5: .. Hello. th is IS A viation Cldt't again. Say, no wOI,Jer I'm \OSl. 1 look off and tried to get aDa (Qmpa;ss heading of 17(), but the omI'RSS in this plane

is defective. instructed

It won't to stand.

cient oxygeo, For example, rhere is one case 011 record \ her PBM l>iluL rrun"ined
at high altirude for sorne d01e without using ,my oxygen equipnll<nt. Finally he began 10 laugb afid put his fePI up on the yoke and started pJayiug rollae coaster. Some of th" passt'ngers put their c haws uti and wbe.r. the plane broke in half, ID"'Y rumbled' out and .survived 10 t..lJ of Ibis

read above 36. What shall J do?"

by the plane, lind told that an instruct r would (orne ouL to fly him back.
When

The c det

was

unusual

~"3Se.

5i nee th" ;titcFltlt was tl\lI recovered the aecideru board can db little more than guess at j-ust what caused th\' severe vibrarlcn and .. pp,,~ent /0:18 of power. It m3Y he rhnt some struerueal damage was suffered during Ihe unusual and violent ma"neuvtr's which followed the vertical stall 'It 18,000 f""t. H",w'i'ver, if rhe strength

From tbe lime this F4 pil.,! left 4%,000 red untiJ be met hill d""Lh, hi" judgnu, .. r, roo, seems to hr ve been very poor. 'first .h attempted <lJ foolish and prohiblted maneuver. Then, when he found his plane vibt;lting badly, he ontinued (0 lose precious altitude. When it became apparent that he would have 10 make all eII1ergenC)' landing, he Iailed '[0 keep sufIi('ient ai.... ~peed. And !i'nally when he decided 10 bail OUt, he was so low lbat by I.he time he got the canopy open anagu! out 01 l.he cockpit, 'he wa, only 75 or 100' feet ofli rhe Water.

the inserucror arrived, he took one look at the l'ielJ where the cadet had made two surcessful Ia.nding:; and Om: t:l.ke-oJJ lin d lei nul ~ lont! low sigh. It was so small that he In,i.sted on removing two fences before he would :utem!lt a take-off. Anyw!!y that's the way r remember iL Sincerely. Cor. ~ Gramp",,., P.,,,ibo,,1!
Sl1)'S:

"",:~ Man)' til links [or lhi~ yarn. A~ yuu say it's otd enough to Ira ...... whiskers u,~ long a~ min", bUl perhaps il I<,m be ne.... 10 nn\'al 3v.iato,", of rec'ellt vintage.

6

"Quick Henry, the Ripcord."
The Instructor was Hymg in the rear of the Bmzlli..t11 Air Fore on J seheduled sylla.hu. f!i~ht It] primary ir.ll 11II1g. ·nie P Ll£I(': entered an invetted spm and the .nstructor IF! dvertellliy
out III

S(;~r pilot

or

:11] 'SN)

instnlltin~

,I student

mW1 it rnuple of minutes later, His shoulder lrarne and ~afet}' bell f UQCIroned correctly and Ite was uninjured.

"Dear Grampdw Pettibone:
"PUh,lPS you (.III draw a few moral from Ihis ~C(Ol.lnt of it ncar acrrdenr. "Recently T landed a )1\1'-4 .11 a. SAF base. 1 discovered thai I h.l.d uo left brake whatsoever, and reported th i~fad to the tower. The t wer in -tructeJ me to make a 160.") turn ll.J:lJ tlHd bad, down tilt runwuy 111 use 'Until 1 ClUTH! to the turn -oIf inte rsert ion.

".J
~

G,.m"pll1l

Peuib» .. " says: This rlllnir:uh 111.11 of .1I1 a~ ident

unlocked his .. ft"ty heir urul fell th ... pl.ll!!; Fortuu.uc lj his rIm-

which eeeurred II couple of renTS 'lgo when a {ormer PB4Y pilot was Hying a Piper CHb for the first time. Thi!; chap sud-

denly
gallons mediate despite

discovered

thai

b

had

llnly

IJ

dnJte functioned well ;J11J Iris only m[uries were minor rarrhes suffered when ht' Lmded in ~I' pint. tree, TIl!; student .'(tlyctl Wit!' the dirp[~nc but rhe pl:tllt' W;IS bsck In 5trnlght and !t el !light .It nbuuI 20('10 fl'r( 1111: student ,uifCftd
ecchyrnosrs 01 bot'll eves due to the and does Dot remember recl ive .Id.lon he look, just what cor

of -gllsoli.ne left and made ,M ,nlCli1<!l'g,enC}' i.lbdillg .in a pasture rile f.at't Ihal there were four or five arr6clds within a, radius of thirty miles, ror some reason or other 111c ran that he ~tilt had trior than 501',{., of his initial fuel supply ~",pry didn't tegi~tct'. Many )'e.1.r.~ of burning gas .1t me rate of two ttr tbu(' gallon a minute caused him to believe than an emergency existed when he actualII' had enough gasoline te keen the Cub
In

"I proceeded very slowlv. uSing Ul~ L.lilwhr:el I rk, ,md kr.:cl,ing the J,rops in full high pitt'll ro r J(I((.' ~t'ee and save ihc ri.l'ht hrake, J was about hnlf-

nel!llthe'G" pull, butmade .1 SUL:r:f'~,ful I.mrlinj! <1[ .m cutlyin,l! tidd.
~ I'm nOI jU~1 sur what ecchymosi ;.;, bll~ I have 11 notion it results from b:lI'inft your eyeb'llb pulled an inch or so out of th ..ir :>O<"kct&.

the air for

{WI)

hours,

'

"'~-\l

(irnmptJw

Pl!lIibcwe

SllyS:

way to the- iruersertion "dum I saw a P~17 raxi OUl nd turn onto till' o1owl1wind end of the nmw"y. 1 considered <"llJ(;,~IJJ:lrllLlg the tower i onceming him but did not, since he appeared 10 b~ w{Jiting. "l~ Inh::rJevt!lored t hi\( the "- Ii wa" on .I, test hop, Hnd rhlt tower believed

My (VnJ::Tatuhtion~ to Ibis student

his succ"SI;fu[ lunding. .srrucr r Jl,I all the. pin now.

r

011

hope needle'

the out

'n, by

You Count 'Em
Florida OIl a contact crossmunl ry flight to Miami via Tamps. He had slightly over 600 hours lligbt time, whidl 17 'i were In the :SN). In the precedU1~ three months he had flown Il'1

.I.ill,, enville,

The

pilot,

of

an SNJ

LOok ott

I rom

Ride 'Em, Cowboy!
A fli,ghl student ill a solo hop in an S.NJ W"S f'cJ.lilcing fLllJ-A;I1' rrc~'i,i(ln land In,!!!>, HIs fint approach appl..'1Ired normal u.ntil just before t1H: plane hit the deck, at \Vhi h time it was In a left skid. Jmmediatdy after contscr rudder. ~U1J fun throttle. ,After cornrlcHug OJ. ground joop of ~o dep.rtes he became airborne again.
He then noticed tb;J.l he was unable the plane- began l swerve ttl the right. TIle student arplicd lett brake, left

no rudio. Al'lU",U},. rh . pLIO! but IIfJlt no transmitter. Siure it WJS a rest hop, lus complete attent ion W,I"I gl\'eJl to hb insrrumvnts. As he taxied oUI some murutes a 1'lL'1 rnv Lm\.Lin~. it IWVcr occurred to hun tllll! I mIght still be 011 th« runway After he stllrl;ed his take-off. the lower held lhe red ticht on him, but he was still on ll1strull1CI1I.:>.
1\:I\,C

it to

was n.'t'cl\'ing,

'"
dlldng

10 t

.100Ut

or

hours as n member Reserve,

of

the Volunteer

tbai he was aCLua.lly . ming toward me. It ( ok another two seconds ro unlock the tJllwhr:cJ and ,1rply full throttles. or rourse nothing happened because the prop.s wen: in hi/!h pitrh, so another three
econds
wcce Jo<;t before

my d[

three

seconds

con-

Tl e Right to Tampa was uneventful,
lion. He then decided to Like up J. headin,g of 0900 r:xpiJcting to cross 1:.0 the East COll,\t. After Bying for orne time he came to a Luge body of water, whid, Ill: (Otrt:l1Iy rdentificd as Lake Okcechobet, and prorecded to the southern end o the Iake. A.t thJS time he was less than 0 nauti('al mile-s [rom West Palm Beach and bad aprruximatdy 50 gallmls fuel J~ft roughly. enoush for a two-hour illf;hL Apl'>lrently he was still dubious I1S to his p os u io n , and fdt th a t he shoLliJ ,ett a definite :fix berl,)f(: proceed. ingovu Ihe w,lmp .. AI 1101 he sightoo ;1 small lLOcharted arrlidd near lhe town of South Bay. Without drag!Sing the: field, he IUlI.lt.'u JowJ:]wind, choosing a runway which looked fine from thl: air but which hild been plowed and rolled two days before. Aboul 160 yards [tom the poinl of touchdown the wheeels dug into tile soft jl:roulld MId the NJ flipped ove( (lfI ItS. back. The pilot Wll.'$ e:xtTIcah:a
but lihortl.y after J:~vil1g T;t~PQ pilot c uld not positlvcl UX hIS th.c
pOSI-

T IC'J.L1y started

comp.letely to retract his leil wheel so be ended the Geld and asked (or a wheel check, The I:'ht!il1t1erin.!.! officer checked Ius wheels, wl1 ieh dppe:uetl to be d wn and locked. and instructed
bim to come in for it landing. This linding was ill r about like the previous one excert that the student rornpleted

moving out o[ the way, after shoving r mp controls forward. "The p•.,; cleared my t.<liJ with III' ri~h\ WLlIg by about n foot. That wa., the lust gUmp c the pi Lot had of me. As soon n I saw he was clear. I YIlI,ked back the throttles lind groundloojJl:'d to the right La avoid planes parked nCa.t the runway. Total dal~l;lge dOH was
one broken throttle cable, Respect ully. Lt.Comdr, U

r

or

.•

..

a grounc loop of 135 legl'l'61i before bking off ag>lin, A (rer the second lilndiu,lt :JUempt a further check: In the air showed the 11: l landing Relit to he bent iJ1bollIu. TIlt." itot \v!lS instructed to try it third hmd· ing. using full !eft brake. On lIds 1111d· ing he gOl down sddy withOLll further
Jamage to the ~N J '

erator

~'J

Gr<lmp"I> Ltluh

Pel/lbo~,e
(0

"<lyr, rowe,.. op-

me like the

weren t on th ball in this instance, Al te:u;t It wouldn't h'lVe cost anything to rlladiogs. bur this .:errainly i~

tty a ..adjo warning 1:0 1M 1.'-47 ()~ to you, A t~ I.op retjuires gee:n attentlon to

inSIM1ment
nO excuse.

for I.~king off withoUt milking ~ure Lha. the !'ljn...... ahead is dear, y COQgratulurions uO getting out of the

®e.

Gr,""P<fll,l

1JiIt..}

Pt!libone 5<l}'S: Maybe the lad u d to work in

--~-----Tf)MKS'rON'J;;

way.

with

rhe a sistanre

ot

a nearby

work-

a TodL'O-anyway .he'$ a """I rough ... ider-. The accident b03rd i~ the opinion that the left landin.g geAr W'U dam>lgecl on the fUm landing lI.rtempl, and bent fwlhet in· board on Ih~ number IWO ground IOQP.

or

He.r" Ii~~ th~ oones

or

Ensign
tri.ll~ Q.(\_

Dok,,~.
1.L

Whn

~~lfl

.F·or hi. borne

wwn

folk~.

Re.sf.l'ictl'd

7

AD-2 s Show Improvements
Powerful Engine for The AU·! Sk),I"<JIJrll', the SkyrCliders

SC;i!undu Plant of th~ Douglas Comp, ny. IS essentially the same attack bomber a' the ...n-i, The I\l!·l:.. 110'" ever, are c{]lLipl ed with J more power fur Wright 3.!50·;]h\\" C'l1gine fL"lSuJ;tlng In lonsult:fublt: improvement ill j"lt:rfarm.100: partu ulurlj take-ofl,
Other changes
ill ludc

built by the £1

clerk I,UlllChlng operutme. 2'1 JID·(S teamed up wuh 20 F~U ~ rrom \1l\IF -11,1. The air gTtJur wa~ compte ed by a group or: R TBAt's (rom the aval Ail' Reserve Traut ing Un it Jt N A' .nossn tJ1C:n made hy til;;: ';2 planes on ., l.lrgct with rn tull VIe"· of I housands.
2-1000 POlill G. P. boml» uud aeriul torpedoes, was pLal'l:'d 011 ~1,Jll( dispLOlY to Qemoll&lra.Le the rOI'tll!!al di:':>tr~rtl\'Cllefi'" of rhe IllI!-:JllY "Able IWAR·S.

lr,s.

A coordinated

bombing

ati.hk

\V,!

Doe of the AU· r's, loa ... led \.\ ilh 12·'\'

such items ns
PATUXENT lEST PILOT STUDENTS EXAMINE AD-'

a new roun<l",d WlIltb.hil'ld for lower ,Jr.lg und improved \ lsrorr. door 0\ er the li1.odin,:: t(car wheel walls lor incrc.ised 'iJ'l:td. aileron ,'OWl:f boost,
uutomanc (owl

bun+or air dour nuuator, electric \, inti;;11 idd dcgrc;l:illg "y~tell1 JJ1d cluctrrc seat llt tuator with forward and up and do\\ II rnouon 11\ ,g-encntl dl'l'OrJ.JJ1('C with new aero-medical rcquirernent . In kt::t:pin~ ~\ilh recent trend I the 'ikcyr..llder ·1', huvc the nt\.I·)}' stundanlizeJ cockpit eguipp~d with edge·lighted plastic pnnel Lighting. new ronsole arrangements. hanJ crank rudder pedal aJjustmenl,. and control levers resemblio,~ the lanJing gear

~,\r rontrol,

dectrk

rur-

over the AD-]", to further seduce hard carrier la.nillug troubles, The tlliJ wheels and a'[J"e.'ll1ng hooks ha ve, :II 0 been improved to eliminate Ihe Jirlk-ultltS cxpenenced with the AD'l'::. The be t method of i,Imti rying AD"
2

through strength

structure

h,tS been Increased

in

Dog. TIl<' ~ljUttJ.rOI\·~ lOUr r for the entire

maintenance

crew

i\

J\JIIJbillt} was to ~ i\'C' the -UI record.

pc: rtl)d

Scouts To Ride Navy Planes

flolpS

and

arrest-

in,!? hooks.
M:l0Y other minor changes have been 10 improve the rnaintenunre JI,cl increase the operational efficrency of the AU planes, The l:tlldmg gC"olf carry-

made

Orientation lri.ps Given Official OK. 'I he Navy Jl.1J. outlined .t broadened rounded windshield" lind landing gear program or cooperation with Boy doors. 'tOllt~l!l[ America wherehy .urredired senior SCOutS now ...11 make urrentarion Mock Bombing Attack Made tligltLs III rnulti-cngmed lUtCr.1Ft. VA·6-A Takes Palrt in Demonstration Properly registered and .1 rrcdited VA·(j-}'-T~o{en'ly seven ofTIn·r... Im~l smuts can take these Ihghl~ .u the drscrction na V~ l a j r rornmunders, protwenty enlisted men of VA'I,-A recently vlded prior approval of the Assisraut flew' 26 Af)'I' to dfridJ:;c,· FiL'lJ .. De:!1IC[ of Nav-al peraucus fl)r Air 11.15 troit. 10 ake part in Lhe\hlrlidlt r 11been obtarned in each case, The proventicn 01' the American Ordnance As· gram also will permlt taking such sociation, scouts on crvises aboard Navy ships. Tn II demnnstraticn of ~l t":l.rricr !light from the
.110-"5

Is lhal the Iormer have-

s

or

Jet lfighlers

rt)l/N ill ,Ill J/)'lrJ' ,I'!!ll! d..t),t, wilb po;"Ied noses ar blullt Ttu F9F'J I1luWI! 11m/<; like 101m/bing ont (If tbe da.y.v 0/ Killg ArJbllf wilb tbeir {al "eltW It .!lit,,,eed indicator /Jibt',f i,l JI'1t nOJ •• lik/: Ib tJM11 Oil a III1;wm. 2lJI! 111101 (fflift oo (be Pdf/thel"1.1 on tbe rudder. about tbe same POS;'7OJl .1S th.tI ()II r/le F]-l betll1r!1III /bf!m ill fbi! phlltrll

sre

.,/JIII'!'. TIle Panther aud I'tn·,' present two {f.'(11Y111.9.J oj the !"'(lj,'Y lilt fighter Jlobte /11 eonton, J, Tbe sbave /lielllfO' l/Pel! I4lum at Gmm1l1all J,f{:t()fY by 1:J~ruld C. Martin when, tP" FJ.l It'om Pnmxent /;'1H) 11 t,isi/ 10 lbe pl.vu. P41111ld Jii1l/! ml the "j,"hifl." of I'be F) arl: tn (lid lhe larHlilig Jignal rlfficer If! tbt!l'k II'helhtft Jbe pldne hat .. ffopel' Idnding aJtilllde. ,
R~i<friot6d

8

Marine
M.id-Air

Pilot Battles
Melee Won by

Hawk
Corsair

1CA . EL Toao-c-Evec !iM.ire your {.U/j.1/I (orkpil III Highl with .1 tigh 'j1l8

,!'lLrr(l\\ ll.l\\'k Ihtlt perro li..:.ul}' look hunks OUl }'our leg With 1m sharp beak? Lr joseph A. Nelson of UIF-IS:2 ..lid when he flew off the RdII'O/W re-

or

lent!y, lllplilin (old rison he he hel1rJ a scratching noise in the c ckplt, Nelson sigllted the intrudrhought

His

plane

inp. bird d,H[iITa; .u"QunJ lilt' rudder pe(jals when 11(.>taxied [0 the catapult, Wb ill' the pilot \.It.IS busy (rring 10 take care of Ilap." wheels and rendezvous, rollowjn.~ the catapult launchrng, the ~Ulgl)'bird ,tttn ..ked his kg. dmwJn_g

hlood. For 10 minutes the battle kept Lip -with elson firing to North fslmd, trying to calch U1e hawk and fly 111" ,ghta ~lt the arne time. tic finally If!lrrr:d the bini nod rut it in the r1um. tool box, releasing it l.uer when he landed.

Ai/lOUt Ofhrlr !bingr Ih~ o/.!-lr!Jr InlX!" /,II/'/t,l& robee] !Vi/.r rllpt:lred 1))1 .1 tn, l'(.'1rJ glM 1(.JIJ(i,gJlldlitlll, "I IIIn p./;lJlf)!{I .•lfJlI tbe IWO I//dlll U'bifcl,r are eximrle(/ .1IIt! !/U:! IIO!~ w/;eel retracted, '1IJ1! ZP·A12 IJ one of two n07I-r-igicl balloonr

Recently

/!Ior/cllfI'U!d ai,".' II .

L,JkeL",I'if, tbe'

ZP·;\-IZ II

etcbed

.rgmNJI tbe

Jky

OIW

bitfllp /J.mS'Ii'.
tim
I)pe,

0l

lI'hieb

dre 111lJ l"rgl:.11 111 .. XiJfl!llu'.

11.tvJ

.tre

102 f(,1!1

lou!!. ot'~r,(11

Alameda
Air

Hobby Sholp Win

Slatiofl Workers Take Honors A ALA,lrEDA-Hobby ~h()p mem· bcrs from this station auk II total of 25 blue ribbons in the city of Alameda's hobhy show. in additi n (0 hree cups
'I2.TONGIANT IIIGGEST PlANE TO CROSS NAllON

R60 Visits

Atlantic

Coast

lockheed Transport Commissioned The Lockheed C{)ltI"fIf111IfJII, Iart-est lnndplanc in t-bt' Navy's history, moved
unother

\ hen it Hew JCfO S the continent and was ()ffiLi...II), (ommi~~ionc:d lit Wu.shing· too, D. ., M l July, 1 he RIEhl took [0 hours and 19 minutes (rom Moffelt Field, Calif., to the ("'Jj1it.l.I-L(i()(J milt'S.
TIll' plane whrch
Hew east

~ta"p nearer

its NJ"l'

arreptanre

for the be~"l'complete ~hop exhibit :mil ~IX 11rsl·pl.u:e certificate awards. The show :t. held til Iirnulate hobby a,lft in the area and the ~uCt'5S of tation personnel cQrwnly did UHtl (i.lf hnhby shor activities. M~\yor J. J:) r a n vr h t' I d of Alamedu commended Ch;lrk~ Chan.ey, AD , head of the shop, for I:;o(hlhitill,g the best tlisplay of

for

best

mdividual

projects,

a

trophy

surface craft should follow the plane or ind icate t-hf\l it caunot comply by huisllng the inreruaticnal flag 'Negat" or by Other visual or radio 1ll<:1111~. The va r L1C of Ll 10; ~}' 'tern d epends on wheth r norma] naval aircraft rnaneuH.rS .!round shi[1s are .such that they • an IIot be mistaken lor a distress precedu reo Naval pilots ;Lro.: directed Dol [0
\imuhuc: aerial att.1a 00 lShing yes <:1.:1 or other slups (except previously art;Ulgcd

w.

misunder landing when a. real distre s
run" is made.

tJrgets)

'u

th

I

there will be no

Seattle

Links

Get

Static

hundreds

entered

III

the show,

planes

Cross Bow for Help

was tbc

plush job' ±;:_l aircraft. since l.()~kheed built tw 01 lh" hugE rr,U1'ports Inr the ,ny. Commander Willinm 1\1. Col lins was at the cunl wh, He 11,1..' ,I 1(,pl:tlll" rs LL (Jr.
crew 10 !relp operate the 16t:p~5scn~er plane. Skirr"T of Ihl: ~ I
11'1,[11

World Distress Signal With VesseJs Rescue rrortdutc to be used D)' airr r.rft trying to .lttraLi uttenuou ships to rescue downed personnel 111 the water

or

four orhre[_<; and l:ic111 men

V H. Lar"OIJ. Hl

under

Ilib

I!> set Iorth 111 ill't,rN"u o-,»:« Ldh'l ll,i··I,x, TIlt" ~)'~km i~ ~t.Ll1dar.:l for 0111pl.!rII'':'>

011 .1

wothl-widl'

baSIS,

PI,lJw:; will cir-

him.

Both crews wcr l;.;"leJ.1t Lockheed. AI rer its vlliil In the E.1.~l C oust. lite for .mother 1J1Onth':; tt:sting. Liu.r bllth alr('raft are 'dllCdul"u to jl!O tu Paiuxcn: River for two or three months f Navy testing before .tn<:~ tanre. The 1'1,uws lire htleJ to be turned over to the Fleet Logistic upport Wing, successor LO Na\'al Air Transport SL'fl.1Ct'. to fl)'.
Rest ricted
+r 2

le lhe vessel at least once. lIy ~ co s the

plane

went

hlH. k

to !11(, \'(feSl Coasr

how ar low «lritude. pening ,111d dnsillg lin. thronlc, or JlanJ,;illg rl'Opcller purh, ",11m possible, Theil Ihey will !lett..] 111 th e J ired iOll of t1w d isrre<:'\1
scene, This pro('cdure will be repeated until the vessel nrknowledzes by lollowlflJ! the plane. 111e aircraft will use the l'xl,b1i1

Aldi .• 1,,011" radio 0'[ message drop to tht situaucn if possible, The

Training Is More Realistic to :Pilot VR.'i, J1AT1L' everal innov tions in prnrtic al Link tmining used by this squadron mJy he of interest LO other acuv ities in rhe light of the new directive rCllui riHg lill rilots lu have mstrumec: r.irds. Lt. (jg) J. E. Tilley. Link ofhcer inlmLilU.cd the IJeJS (Joe of the probIt'lll!> m .in all-weather schedule 11,1$ been pilot distraction Irorn SldllL To arcllmate VIl·' J,iln s to uch condition" COIlsidcrable ~tati(. even to simulated 1i~hl!ling bolls. L~ red into the Link .~} stern Jlong with normal radio .rall,gf si~l1l1l~. A t"t:alLII'Cofkn overlooked III roost LII1 k tra IIIing sy llabi, the va- 5 Lin k {nurse stresses proper 0 r,gnl tk:U:J..l1ces, po>ilion 1'(·POftS. .tnt! strict adherence to 1111tralf control in lructions. A wire rt:l<)rding machine is Crccluently u cd ro record two-way eommuniculons La aid the operator in pointing O!1.t flilot errors.

9

Pilots

Get

Photo

Training

CVf.IO~ clcl<
•.....;_all

Jox Gives Rudimentary Knowle.d_ge NAS 1.\tK.-;ONVJLLF.-· u va l .I\'j.ltors flflj;hin,g II.Jvam:ed I raining here are given ::l rrrdirnentary I QLlr,C in ucrial phottl~rJph} whi h condenses the 6()tI hour p11Oto course fit Pensacola to 1 () hours ef work here,

M,dwcy.Cla.;.u
! !

everal Bights of student pilDlS eath day attend classes .. iV(:tn by Lr, (jg ) H. g T. ram. Robert Koser, CPH, ,\nd H. nils
Grew
15 THE HA.RD WAY TO GEl DUCK DINNER

i

1111'

! J~

65,OOO·Ton

The Duck That Didn't Duck
UI~ To Be(ome A Dead Duck Anorhcl' reeson for knowing how tll lower the lJJlding g(' .•r mununl ly I~ the I:.dt' the du ... whu h tor.gol to, The k p'I~~ibilirH:·.~or both suicide and murder were ill\'tsll,g.llt:d, but later thrown out. The duck appeared lO baH' no motive for suicide .. and Major F. E, Pierce, pilot of the ~Na involved, Insisted he cared very httle about duckburger, 10&' pt.'ti.IIJ} L1W Jutl .. \.irger. aoJ he W.L'iI' t b hllngry 'l~lyW.l:. '0. the fina.l concJ USIOn W.lS that either tin: d l1rk 11.1d

or

{ie/d.l .md .lIld " l)/d'(J them c'lId 1(1 ~lId,l/1f1 )1111 I>m'/: rhO' Jlil;l1t dC',!: of till? 11e- ,(' (, ~,()O()·/,,}/ 1.11 rni If) bt' luoll by "1(: ,"',/I., J It., s/lbotretre r .tlro r 'e I{lIle
Take
1 U!J'i</l'tI 11',)(/':. till lIil!d

three footbill'

of I"w' II (I)/Jlp~,."'r III ('lltt.HIO)Jc.u riers 11i)/I' ill Iljt' ji£'tl. Adi/A fll'ipe 0/ the bIg rarrr I! 1M! not bee n d!wdgl/d,
,/1
I

Marines
CIlNIERA TECHNIQU~S AIlE EXPLAINED 10 PILOTS

Lick Stove Worry
Show Weaknesses

Field

M.aneuvers

C. Kell~..

r

E;\t rom 12 to 2·j. I' ik)I:>.

.AP.

h fl it(ltl

Oll'crat:t'S

Purpose

0

his eye on those wi.n,l.'ii01 golll, OJ d~c he IllSj ['lilin forgot he w s a !uck• lid d rdn t.

of J1hotogr.lphy in the event of Future
photo-reeonnarssance flight 11. 'Rnmenls . Included in t11<: (OurSI: Me lectures on

to f:! IIII;Iinrizc l1i":'rs wilh fllnd,unen[.lb

th~

condensed

course

is

SM, or, El. Toao The Jowly lit,ld tent stove. whim IJ ually Joe not rate much attention in thi tr: hnical age, call help make a. Jieh.! maneuvers bearable or uncomfortable, :tCClJrdil'l.l( to how it is
u

~d.

L

Til", d;nnage incurred to the l.llldmg gear switrh necessitated a manual gear loweriug ope ation, The Major. bloody but unb wed, made J nice landing ,11

hi, tar)
solutions.

of I'lw1ogJ,lphy,
lenses,

materials
:mu

and
ex-

shutters

posures,
aerial

camera

repair
mo.~.dl

II.nJ primi.ng.
1TI1p

NI\S

~AN DIEGO.

cameras,

planning,

Hop Sets Record, But Cold
VI-S Men Find Oxygen
Necessary

NAJ' HON(JLULll~Some

lJltere;;llug

flying aer ial maps, assembling the rno saic and puoto interpretation. The c urse does not- stress anyone ph,!St but gives the stud ent an OVf'uU
view of beth
t'l~gjnt'pictllre

The I lane flew between everrast and undcrcast at t 7,000 feet. rewrnen who wanted to smoke were out oj luck-no one could get an}' taste or sensation out o cif,tarets or cI~atS. The ra.refied air made it impossible 10 keel' th stogies ligllted, Matches extinguished ns soon

siddights of J1i,tth·altitude Ilrghl were reported by crew members of the VRflight which scl .t record of nine hours and H and 11 JJllH minutes From Honniul,u to Moffett Fi~ld.

sin.liJe·enginc

urul multi-

problem

.

Hawaii Rescue Wins Praise
NATS Ferry PilQf Helps Save Fishers VRF.;!, H.... \'\7AlI-A fer fit llilo! nt-

ss fhe sulphur was consumed. flight Orderly L. H. Burbo, I, was founJ. stttmg on the edge of hi bunk 'rI ilh his oxygen mask off. His foot kept lirping off the bunk and he would pick it up and put it back ug in. When he continued the ntul!l and fall ed to recognize his mates. someone slapped the mask bad. on him and restored his wandering f aculties, When the plane approached the mainlaud, crew members beaan tQ thi!lk of having and brusbing ~ t!lei r teeth in preparation rOI any ocisl activities they might run into. Their good resolve '\Vent for naught-Ell the toothpaste and sbaving cream was Irezen solid.

turned to t-his squadron recentlv reeeived letter of commendation from alief of Naval Personnel for helping rescue three :fishe-rmen clin~;ng to .l capsized 14-foot motor launch in 5hllrk·;nfestcd waters of Kaneohe Bav, Haw:IU, 1111" mao was It: (jg) Ar "in 1. Clark. Others;n his party were Lt. lobn W. halkley. T ISoto Raymond
<L

This oil-burning _gt,U can bum yOtl QU r o f your tent I [ not operated w lth propr:!" respect. Personnel Juril'8 recent maneuvers lit Camp Pendleton would tum the stove ],tP to "high," m;Ucing it cherry red, In rynlmid.d tents, the smoke stack must go out the top of tile tent. which put.s the pipe near Ihe rent I ole, often dry. A fire menace scon arises, To remr:dy this, severa] section. ur stove were placed around the tent p le and filled with sand. Another problem arose now IhM thi . service squadron is preservi[l~ stoves for future use. ThL'Y were placed in 0per\1. bon before the ori~;.nal preservative had been removed (stock #1l.1.'·C-1i5fJ) and now i, is found that this T'Irei!icrYative i cooked to the side of the teve and many man-hours Me spenl r'movin,g iL It is recommended that if time perrnirs, this rrescrv.Hivc should be re-

r-r=

rescuinJ:: the th ree . men, the puty salvaged (he motor (rom the overturned boat and took the men to NA
KANnOH.E for medical treatment.

undsuth

and Pvt. Joe L Thien •• Afler

Another member of the iU-starred party tried to swim to Kekepn iSj,lllld, a mile: away. Clark's group notified the to rescue lhe ,llJrjI,ll because of he3\l' seas and shallow water near the island. Clark ami hi~mate. s pumped water from their boat and after several attempts re,~cued the marooned mlln from the island, 3 Ilew type 'of ferc,y job.

assembled

ene. This would avoid 'onditloru such as this command (Quod when the time came to rep reserve the stoves, Personnel sbould be cht.;c.ked out on the right war to assemble and operate the stove. 'orne parls were bent and

moved by dipping ~e era! rimes in keto-

Kaneohe crash boat. but it was unable

read instructions carefully, Also, small exploslons resulted from 100 much fuel being in the bottom of the stoves when lighted or turm!lS rhe [uel On when the stove WiU stfll warm [rom previcus use, The stoves proved atisfactory d wn to 26° F_ for pyramiual tents. It is believed that they arc the answer for mod. erare weather operations in the field.

wrong

through

faJlure

to

10

Lt. Thomas E. Mulvihill, ,I gt. HilT' It}' H ardin ,lllJ Cl,,~'1n L. J .1J111S"Oll, o Cpl. Wilford Parsons and PfcEdwin Kron. Pfr, Norman Arm~trong W·l,~ the st;H.ion l,holographic rcprcscntut ive. The exhibit was under the direction of YMPP'.~ PIO, Mar, prank Smyth, assisted by T Sgt. Fred 1. Braitsch, Jr., aru] Pfe Frank Zubrowski. r n the pirtur with models B:Jrb~rll Kelly, Joyce Blortz and S otty'Rl'}'nulds. Me Hardin ;;I.n\1 J.1l1nson.
fA I~ PHo.To. fA,R Mo.DElS Po.SE Fo.R MAII.I NfS

Marines

Stage Fine Exhibit

Win Proiseat Los Angeles Fair M A , EJ TORO- The pholllgrarliic ,! UVltlCS of the MJ.!U1t. ol'rs Air Stution, 61 Tern, joined forces Io rUL 011 dJl .tvi,ttion rhotOf,Yf.lphy exhihit at the Phoro Fan IwLJ in los Al1f:des during the latter part of June. This WU~ the largest I'hologra l.i ~ll(l"ever set LIp 111 southern C.tI;J ornia. Mario. Photogr.lphit. ~quud ron 2. ~4 placed on J I !lrl ay I1lJIlY 01 Un~ir .H~ri,d cnrneras :is well .[!!) examples of their work, A GlO~.ti, mUJ:' anti several pinl'0Jl1t photos t1J Los Angeles, e pedclly prepa red for tile axil ibit, attracted much
artcnt ion,

P<1II1f d II rlllg ,-1 (Ofl.!· tI/ IIJi' Cdr. H.m4ev Ruw:!l. CAG·p. ,·JII;:rk., I;i/fl out on "'lfNI;1 wbile Cullf. D.
QJWIHt't

Admiral /Illimt;r ststto»,

NUl,

W', H. P. Bll1IulJ. Commcb, impl;'(/' an PH·! .11

ro,

Trtf/h. I'rJllIlI1.uulmg

(IJfi .. er,

u'.If<h

I.

New GCA Unit in Aleutians
VR-S Welcomes Cold Boy Radar VR·5, ScilTTl ,,-Pilots Ihls squadron. which Illes Ute Aleutian run, are welcoming installation of 1\ GcA unit by the Army at old Bay, Ala~k,l. The small number of suitable alternates und the distances between ter· minals and alternates are problems wbl("h bother VR-' pilots. The losest suitable alternate for Adak is hemya about -100 miles awoly. However, the pilots have been reluctant to fro furI her owl on the chai n because of the rarldity with which weather \ hanges I[ bas therefore been the practice to use Kodiak us !-In alrernare on Ad;Lk flights. Since most tllgbts are turned around approximately abeam of Cold Oay, the new GCA unit will greatly aid operations. No minimums huve been established, but since the Bay has a 7,'IO()· at runway and unobstructed approach, tJley may be lower than present range minimums. Cold Bay is twothirds or the way between Kodiakand Dutch Harbor.

or

All'

MAR'INE

DISNAY

AT U;,HI.81110N WAS

TOpS

Pilot Ignores

GCA Waveoff

'The stauon photograp 11 Llhoutory ic .uid the [",uhliL ill fonmLtion office of the First M;lrinc AifU,lfl Wiug handled the ground work. dispJaying numerous bl ill aud motion pklun: earner IS.
Huncticns of the various cameras were t}lp!nined by Marine phorognph.
~~l>

LO thousands of camera fan. many of whom claimed th IS exhibrt t be the most interesting in the sbow. The admiration of Ihcse [ML:; W.IS J.Js¢ cap· turcd by (he pl)Ologtlll,hl( trailer, whrch was supplied by the squ;1Jroll. VMPP-25tJ was r<.:ptl'senled by Ist

Nearly Wrecks RSD in Landing A CoCA !ll'rroach In de recently at 1, IfigLto whith easily could h,lVf.: reul tL,d_ in it f11t:ll accident points out a mural all r.iJol~ ~.houjd heed, All It:;D made the approach under I.lCtU:11 instrument renditions, The final It!g was above: glide path, so the CA controller gave the pilot II wave-off, He had sighted the runway, however and decided to laud, He carne on in. leveled off lll'ld /toa!e(l, und Ilosred, and floated. His ton hdown lomt \VaS pa,.,t the halfway mark of the runway and maximum use of brakes was all that saved him. He blew out three trres, but he m.igbt have I(,st all hands.

NEWFL YING BOAT IN TEST STAGE
here at slow l!tx:r speed and nJ near hump speed, Late. t Martin Byin;.t boat, the XPSM.-l is sUJt undergoing preliminary testing. wilL so much or it sitting in the water the f1yiug boat • ppears to be hull down and unhappy. However, it isn't a case of the tunnel hatch bemg kft opeD; "she's just bUJJt that way." Tllougl1 the hall has a new look, it is of (aid}, convenLIOll'l1 desi~n. The only radical denrrrure from rnst Navy boat design ; the Ions narrow afterbody which runs all the way afl from the Sfep-which IS in the same old location. Conttnry to usual practice, rhe aftl.:'rbody .is longer than the fore-body. The plane has it medium length/beam ratio. The additional lengtb Is expected to cur down porpOiSE und skirring tendencies ,IS well ,15 ,1 good percentage of hydro-dynamic J rag f lind in some ronvenricnal hulls, Note from he photoj:mph of the plane at hump speed how the extended hull keep th tail high in the wafer even during take-off run. One other bl/{ advantage to having thal Iong rail in the warer: rhar sinker of bi):!.boats. the runnel hatch, is eliminated. There are thus fewer things that can go wrong,
I'IQWN

S the

11

CV'iS Spearhead! Defense
fi of the luturc, Vice Admiral Arthur W.
~i\;J III Di,uTIoJ,"l Juhi1ee
R.l,trorJ "!ilulion. rome lop ...di:d," i
!\

uaricn

N!l.\i~ slnkll1g POW(;~ [oJJY and will ddivr;:r thl:.sundJI' rlmdh:~m II war

A

IRnio.fT

" crlcr,>

~re;LJ:helld

lhe

recent ~pl:'e(h aJ the or the ChaulJ.l.ll1tl,1 Inhe (ltuLioilcd. "Tlu

., .crout· AJmir:d
rernnl

hal ipg ,m utea at more Ihau .t million ~'l[J!HC miles. An C'nemy em locsre six needles in :I~ IT1,,1), h.lr~t:u.6 .L" re:ulily ,1S b~ run find lhaL ~I rikul.!; H.,!J[orJ rcito,:\1the dhuil'c of carrter task OfCC'_, 1lI W or! J \'>ilaE Jl when rhe Japanese in m'.wy munrha (If- cornbar with carriers. could

drJe

r

. JJ war breaks our we will .... "'nill r esort to amphibious warfure to s~ize tldvcnoe bases for the: use of the Army ~oJ the Air Forte. Pwbo.bly [rit-ndl}' nauons ulso will in\ Itt' us to bil.<e 0[1 t he: I r terri tocics. .But .1;1'(;11 such easy and supplred. Meanwhile, how could we <,n,gagc :l mill tll.ry adversary? W no would ~lcliYf.'J"the rCblllatory attacks t(J $10" down theenemy and buy urne I , Your Navy's pouey isstnulj sinulur to the policy of (L repu table Ii rC' msur~!1(ct'(_,"OOlp;1ny, 10

risky process which can tensions and rnisundcrstandings, Peacetime acquisition of advance bases wears ;1. mart] ulaspect. l~
11

mrreasc

existing

"This docs not mean the NJ"\'j' has be-

lng.

f'orhmale HC~lu isitions are 1ime-consurnThe' bases must :;liI! be buill and

N,IVY LOJ,lYIS a bal.r!1(_,eu hghtmS rorce (,)[ submannos. surface :;l1ip$, ain:ufl ,IIIJ amphi bious rcrces.' "::;"",powl.:r, like ~Ci1\\ .iter, is ,l slippcry concept . , , S\lrerflu;Llly, [til.: atom bomb ,lI1d 1(U1g-mnge rl.. ,lrrColr to uies 11,1\e removed all th e camp lcxi Iy f [Om war \:i,'c In tb~ ~avy realize lha: this i~ [rot 50 siml)le, "l.ncc~ivc warrna bng still invclvs .... s hmllU Jnd l.:ullninp. D""t:ption, -surprisc .iu d wll~' mancnvering to c:.oOrOLJnJ and
d is l:1'I IIy the enemy are essen [i.1I 51r4Legi·

I, .1amagcJ in Ihe SlO-Jay Kamikaze by 8.0(JO planes off Okrnawu, "These ~l,1[i sties Oln: un dt"r~t,lf)dable III the Il~hl (If usk torcc crgsnizsncn," hr _[lid. "A ani er task fo [[C~. rrvt:eded by it ~ lighlt:r rhmes an.l by J. Jead Iy conrentranoo of 5hirboard anUaitcraH
ol1$hught

NJ\·y. Nol

surk only

II

of the 110 III the U. S.

II

sarrier

W.L:> lost

and ooly

LaSt of disaster.

wt.:

airernft carrier is abour as vulnerable as
porcupini- who l.'ln cnmbil)C his natural ofTensll/e row"tn with UR fleetness of a rabbit.
.t jd~['fOpdlt'J

firt:-. is the must .ht.lvily tiefL:ilded t,uget rh.u an Clltmy ,lir Iorcc ran lackle. The

~,ll

In our modern cusrier (~!sk {orct:~ we ha ,'t. the sllprelllc embodiment of the (unlllng warrior, "Without \vlIrning 11earner lask foue un ,lprear over the honzon and unlush a uev;ulalillg thousanJ-p];LnC at(.1(1. A ftef hur] ing it~ thunderbolts, this same force call swiftly .lisappeer bef ore the t!nemy OUl rally enough forces for a counter ill l:.Itk. Within ~ I hours such a fOfce can be imywht're within II radius of 600 milt:", withm iI
iHcn:Jielll.S.

pay off in)metiiale!y. O~rernjghL we could establish a floaling uirbase I'lfl the high seas anywhere in the world. TIm means that cur planes I..U! .lJ'flvt: ,li the ngbtspot, with r resh crews, full mili1~C)' eGjuipmenl, and fuel tanks still chrtrk-full of gilsoJilJe.

"Push button warfare sull belongs in lIlt realm oj fanl'astic mag:lZlnc. stories," Ad.mira:I R:\_(lford declared, "Iorerconlr ncntal serial war rare is stil I u vision, not a reality, Until our designers can stretch the mngE' of bombardment .11 r(Taft. land ni rcmfl must opernte from advanced bases established ILb[01.u:I. \1{fe
do not have such bases todav, "Toacquire them b}' Jiphimali.c nego·

"Allhough
commerce,

the Navy's primary mis-

sion is 10 Stl!k out ,'Ind destroy enemy na \':1.[ f 0 rces all d to sup press f:Jlemy sea
our carrier forces JUe Olpable 111(0 an enemy hinterland. Ninety-two pe.rcentof the targets of any Importance in the world Jie wirh. III 12.00 miles of salt water. AnY!Mge!: 11' the world lies within 1,500 mites of earner-based aircraft."

of striking deep

Strange

Carg,o f;rom Africa

Expedition

OME strange ca,rgo recently arrived Patuxent from At rica via ATS. Aboard, among tht' lt511_.lJ mixed load llt r''<t~s(:"ngers and l,II~O, were 104 gi!1l11

S nt'

and WUla.un 5, of the universitj'.

of the University of Culi· Iornia, in which !:he Nnvy WII$ partIcipatmg, narn~Jy Cdr. Trenton K. Rue~ bush, M _, Deaner K. Lawless, CHM,
l'r;<uy, field executive

c kphn.n t sh rews, E nryda/I. {Ji., 81 ;1.111 /1/(.1 .lescrihcs tlJ is little animal as ", IIlY
01

numerous

small

mammals

of

Ihl"

Jarmly Se.cicide.'i, mouselike i[J Iorm. but bclQn~ing to the order Insecuvera and
most closely related to mok'S. Among lfnm .LfC lhe :;m,tlle.~l Qf ;til matnm(lb, "-0 1m:. be;oinS ~c.l!'.:dr Lwo iuches ill lel',a:lh. 'IllCY h.lve a lon.g pomted ~nOllt_ ~err .. J t:yc:s and vel vel y fur. They ;m:tl

lht: least the hn.ndl.tng Chief Lawless ~avc them, TIle chief, who s;ntl the natives eat sh.rews. was gradu-

to mind in

Bill problem in keel'il1g IJlt' sh rews 1IIi\'e W;IS Iced. Of the first 67 captured, so died. Of the next 9.i cJ.ptu!"ed. <111 have so far survrved, The il1jtil~17 becarne 9U1t(; fat and hrzy and seemed o.ot

C!lief i..rtlr/(!H. bll.rb. Dr. UNff.

Mr. 1"ITj'. CJr. l(;lj" CliP! S.,PNr) 1/ lib Jhl"<?l1-

f

.are rno~t.ly nocturnal f ted Illg most.l y on worfilS anq insects," The clerh~lnt shrew i5 rurtiJr::r dtsuibed ~s "any of St'\'Cf':11 Jeapmg Afdmn s.hrews h-aving Ihe !lOSI! Jon~ and llcxibl<: like .1 prObm(l~:' Thl~ Email creature mily become :l fri(.'nd of m"n It St'CO"lS tilt.' giM]t ele· phant ~hrcw (about the siz~ of an llllcmi~ rat) catches ffiubria llnJ reac.t~ to it ilS wum-blooded creatures like humans do. The IO:t which have arrived :lre bdie~'ed to n:l.Ne malaria.

(lay C. I r ulf. eh ief p,tI>1sitologi_st of Ih~ Na val Me<J ical Research rnstltute nt Be
lh('sJJ..

The- illlirn.:d~ Wefe re4lie~leJ by Dr.

,ects -;gtlt5shoppers • .Lats, tennites-to more easily ohb inabJ e roods H t hl1d ~UCCt'5S with Jrieu mt::ll, pouidge. :tnil lurd-hoUed eggS'. . Milk.. tea ll.Ild cheese, whith the ~hrews ~ho like, will be offerod to them
;.It the Wa5hlllgloll National Zoo. wh~

aUy working

hi~ shrews'

Jje~ from in-

TIley are to bl:? tls,..d in <11"1 ;Ittern(l" lu- u:uu;mlt the dis!:UIl'eto large ,Huowls or !abo r.al-ory u,e. E.xcept for humans-unha.lldy (re,ltwres it wt'm~

r

they will Jive. Res(!m:h;;cienti5t~ [r-om Ile.;uby- .I3elhesJn wiJi come there to
.~tLJdv them, Tbe shrews ~.re ilppuently ,good dirmt"n.'fhey 5L1fVlved bandi!y an allillJ.cie a~ Oll(! time of 12,000 feet, UlOu;g,h Cllief Lawless said thdr ure-athLI1g: was

the 5cientist ba,d nothing
unlil now. Accompnnying
members three

to \'Jotk on
African

the 104 shrews were
of I:he North

somewhftt: labored

at: that

tin"ltc.

-

12

ILYUSHIN

FOUfI:-J£T BOMllER HAS ENGINE

~ACELLES SLUNG UNDER THIN WING,

SOMEWHAT

LIKE BOEING

XB-'l7;

tAIL

TURRET RE5U1BH5B-17

PYCCKHH:BoeHHO B03u-ymHble CUJIbI
(1"

Force Ru ian Ail~
n.
A lirst-hand knowledge of German militaryequipmcnt, oupled with lht: obvious iaer that Jerman), would have 10 over-run II tremernlou .., land mass to COI1tJuer Russi" ~crH·d as ,l dear indirancn thut Lt'rl1l..llJl land effort would
be conrcntrnted on urmcrc.l and wurfs re, In

The lend-lease ail lanes most fa\ rc:d
hy th~' Russians were the 1"'31', P..,;u,
A-lH 1'-\(

O

N JtJNh io-n. .1 SUppOSL'{Ur invincible Luftwat e spearheaded the pru1zt'r units which iniriutcd the

from what wus believed (l second rnte air Iorce to a powetful WearOll equal to Ihe other mighty ''''eapon.s produced to help bring the
W11li:l1 grOW!1

third Reich invasion of 'ovid territory. FOLlr )'L'iUS later. at Lhe end of the Europcltn W.tT. the German Air Force h,lI..! tu ken disastrous punrshment un der the unrelentirur 1l1lacks 0 ;t Red Air Arm

b:.td

order

to realize the Jodrine

grtJulId cooperation

downfall ·of Germany. Lr there is any one reason rl,lf the unexpected rev rsal it lies in the sound mrlitnry foundation
upon which Russian aviation activities

are ba eJ. In the early 19.30's aviation re E'lHCLt and development were centralrzcd 3.::; a porb n of the famous Five Year Ph!IlS, Initial e!torts concentrated on the adaptation of rO[t:ign de igns and techn iques to Russian requrremeuts, but a trend 1 \ nrd individualism began to manliest 1151:'J( almost immediately, TIle principles UpGIl wlnch Russia» air might was dcvel ped were published in Il)J": an Independent arr Force. intensive air-ground cooperation, tind rcordlnated command ~espon;';J hil it ll~ ror
air and ground units,

Ihe expected on.lJ.ugilt, decided to adapt ail available ..ir ~Irength to J.!fOund attack duties, Fighter<; wen: {'quipped with bomb r.irks, and cannon were mounted on 5iogk engine planes, Efforts to overcome the problem - or recoil ill,J weigh I associ.rted with mounting heavy cannon on Ii tilt weight aircraft resulted In ex~ haustivc research in the ta\.'lJCJ[ uses the rocket,

thus overcome Red l'1I,uinccr,:.

or

nir

aJlU B'25, all of which an: ,l;(ood [k'rf ormers dose to the grounu_ TlIL pact:: of Russian techn oJo,t(icaJ developrncnt was sharply increased to keer ~Icp with the rre,,~in.g needs for up-to-date lighling e~luirtt1cnL Designs were! standardized and mass production of II limited number ilf ~'Pl'$ was jnaLl~Ll rated, oday the I1mpbasi 1$ 011 )Itt ,I! r· wdl j u st as with the United Sliltc. Photographs 011 che e p g~s show in as much Jo:;t,dJ f1.i; possible what is presently known about newer planes the Rtlsslal1~ h.n'e sbown 1:l1C public.
$OVfE't Air Force has two branches. the Army Air Force con~islin,L! of i1. number of Air Armies, and Ihe wry SIDIlli Nuvy Ai r For .e. Eilch oI these JS controlled by the Army and lhe N~\'Y respectively, and employs the same [rpc of aircraft \ lth suitable ilE

T

or

This early concentration DO. ground slippar! aruvuies and UJ(' immediate development of clcse-coopersrion au raft strol1gly imrlies lh.l[ the Russinns had correctly identi led their potential enemy at this early date. Imrncdiatelp au exhaustive tudy was begun .15 to ihe: best manner by which Germany's offensive weapons might e over orne.

RUSSIA.N VERSION Qf GEl!"'AN

DFS 346 JET RESEARCH

FJGHTERj

NOH SWEPT WINGS,

HIGH TAlt

13

RECOGNITION
possess

V

illWFJ)

a a group. most of the

rent planes

certain

or

LUC-

the SOviet Air Ferre

SJ

lien r chararrensucs

they ace ,le'lgn~J by a mere handful of (J:ngineer~, perhaps only three or four :.! the top, who work closetv tOgether lind sornerimes will evolve a new deslf!ll as
a committee, II also is known (hal man)' German

which are- sufFi(,enlly obvious and distinctive to define a Russian jJirc::ra(t design. In rart thrs Is' Jut to the national touch which leaves Ib mark Oil all h,ll1tliwork, One can distinguish ;t Briush car from all Amerrcan car nt a ,glance, RusSJJll airrntft hllv<;:added kinshrp because

aircraft furtcriesarc in the Soviet OCCupil:d territory, and coupled with UJ" fact that some of the best Jesig)1er!l of German aircraft ar now working for thl' Soviet Union, it i:; seasonable to assume tlmt m",n), of the future Russum aircraft
that make rheir :,ppearanu: in the next five years will show "lrollg German influence. Soviet aircra n .,lcsigners do 11 01 seem

to be one or Russia's newest [ets; rts nose resembles a Navy 1')-1 but til rhopped off jet orifice helps recegnition Tupolev's twin- jet bomber, blLSI.:J 01'1 the design of rhe J u-z On facing page, is anther new Russian design; big nacelles aprllrently house ('cnlrifugal-flow engines The Au Armies form bulk of the Soviet Air Force and are entirely emplc t:r.1 in support groluuJ [orees, therr acnvines being con lined to battle area,'; only. There i~ also II ovler Long Range [Bcmber ] Force, not de l.gned as a strsmIJJifilatiofl~.
IIIl'

to be prolific or radical in dc'signs. but much modification to ex:istln;; types is carried out, fn SOme instances, they have followed well-tned and proved foreign Je~j,ll;ns. The camoulbge scheme for opera-

or

mdcstry, including .t huge portion of its most furnous component constructors fell into eviet hands at the end vf the war. Arado. Blohm and Voss, Dorn iec, f h'·Wulr, Heinkel and JLll1kers con(ems were among those which contri-

te~ic

us, AlthQugh under separate command 1rom th A.,r Armies, it ha seldom operated in 1I sfrategic capacity, ant! IS \_L~ld chiclly to upport ground forces. There i~ reason to believe, however. tJ13.t there wi IJ he increased emphasls on tht:
u e of long range- bombers as strategic weapons, As was mentioned previously, with few lIJ<ceplions Soviet aircraft have been designed for the close aipport of ground

bombillg

force

us

understood by

buted plant, scientific and technical manpower and many plans or projected Jet and rocket-powered military planes. Reports toming in from behind the •·UOf] Curtain" also ind irate tbal the Soviet Union has copied our IV!" Stll)(?y[onress, How many aircraft of this typt they have La service i~ not known hut it is reasonable 10 assume rhal they are in mass product IOn_ Other reports indicate
that there are
at

least

one

[our-jet

bomber type anJ ClI1~ two-jet bomber type now AyinS_ The only noteworthy bomber produced by Russia during the If af', In lighters, emphasis is upon war was the twin -t'ngint' T\i-;J. Others low all irude perforrnunre and lightnes .• were merely modifications of earlier Jt:'of strurture weight, Armor aud elllJip' signs. !l1 'nt UJI'C been kept to 11 minimum, exOriginally designated by an abbrevla('Cpl in special cases where aircraft tion or the task for WM iell lhey were dehave been desi~eJ for definite pur- ~igned. Russian 111ft raft are now known 1'0 TS. Generally speaking, the ai rcrall by an abbreviation of the dt"~ignc:r'~ have ad maneuverability. evcral jet name, fotJoweJ by a number to indiI\l.thtt'! rvpe have been ob,~erv~d recently t-"Iit(' the model. The numbers do not JIld It 1$ apparent that rhere Me J nurnnecessarily indicate tile vin age; t'>g•• the her i » dvanced types in mas preduo\'AK-" .lrrearcd before the YAK .1. The hou, !l is also believed that they have most prominent Russian desiJ.!nc,r~ are he'en using <l number of German, iraan Y:lkov~e\' (YAK), Lavotchkin (LA), 111(1udio.!'( the ex-Luftwaffe's latest [ets, Petlyrrkov (PE), .l lyushin eLL), TupoA I~rge rart of the German arrcraft lev (TV)' aml Errnolaev (ER).

ME-262 HE -162 ME-163

OIU:

(Ir

tinu·

G...rnl:J..(J}'"~ h~1 war,N~ wus liL" ,IJrmLfI
j':l

Hernkcl's

piU('l'<i

1I1 o<ld spot on Inp

rll~t'rllge
$ingbjd
_!ap'tnl:se

t"nginc

Mc s s e r s chm It ts
M!~

wpi(:d

h)' tht

14

YAKOLEV

JET HAS

StM.tU,R.

APPEAItAN'CE

·,0

MI'G. WITH -UEEIC LlNfS

tional .Iirna]"t I~ p;n:y 00 the tlpr~r surr~(eS .Ind pall: hlue bcnenth. Five-point yellow stars, bordered in while, replace tbe red stu: found on non-camouflaged airrralr, SC]llildron ~ymh01..:; may b~ pamted on the [u5elap;~ and tail Oll.
TbeMlg 7 jt'l h II resul! of joint ("trom by dC~lbner, Mikoy,ltl and Gure1~ _Pfobllbly powered by two BMW 011:> I u rho jets, each o f t,75() povnds thrust, Some the Mig jet' .. st ru (~U re resembles the Messerschmitt Ml' 1.62 fi;,:htcr on the opposite pa.,ge. parnculurly in side view, in (ail· un it cOIlIi,t.>uratiol', :\nd i11 fuse! age cross section, Tim. however, is not ne.cessnril'y evidence of German assisrnncein designing. Best rcro,gn iricn feature of the je! i~ the step ill its hull-like fusdage. Maximum speed is believed to be around 600 mph. 1'111:'Yak 1'1 jet also hus this choppedolf step illrt~ fuselage, Its win,gs, and elevators :lad the "!eaning forward" fin and adder closely resemble those of the Yak 1 all" Yak <:J piston mgine figbters. III fact. It looks like One of those 11j rcraf with :1 turbejer faired to und beneath the Iorward L'mlo( the fuselage. SJXI!l IS about ;)2 I ct't. smaller than U.S. Jighter.~. Perf orrnanre llgmcs a re unknown, but its sleek .l{lpeamncc would indicate II could be well into till' ~oOmph class with other operating jets. Getm,lll

The TlI-': (/tt/t) wn~ ,I prize-winning ncslgo which won Tupolev a medal Ir was rhe only Russian bomber designed JUJfOj.; rhe war. Speed W[Ui 340
mph
!l1J xirn urn,

CO"!'-CL SI0.\'
TIM. WAS UDS' BEST PISTON.eNGIH,E PL/I.NE

vitch,

It

or

Jvico.tio.·nIn.p~rticull!r, like Soviet Army III gCfll'ral, 111(' been proved :J. powerful weapon and om; whkh is III a constant state deveioprrrcnt. It is reasonable to assume lhal there will continue to be major irerrovcm.,trts throughout the next livc years-probablY along these lines:
U;l~l"N.

R the

or

I. Inrreased horsepower powerplanr and eillTIifl;,ttioo an.} older types.
YAI(._' TOUGH FIGH'fE.R WlfH 370 MPH. SPeED

or

in

small
heavier

2. Further development or plywood air,.. aft III search Cor 1I lower weighrr
strengtl] r:ltio.

-\. ThE appearance of new. heavy bombers for high altitude and long r,mge opersuons.

./. The development of jet propeUeJ and rocket propelled aircraft of their own design and from designs of German types.
j, lAoS fiGHtER. BUILT 10 GOMBAr ·HIE FW.190

lype bombers.

Increased

emphasis

on

strategIC

nn 5 IS TH~ TU·7Q 11IANSPo RT B~LIeYED COPIED

fROMBQ

~I NG

•• 29

.flIGHT

VIEW

OF

n1-10

REVEALS

~IMII:,tIRITIES

~OB-29

SUP,ERFOIi.t

15

KOlG TARGET DRONE 8Y GLOBE CORP. IS POWERED' BY PULSEJiT ENGINE

nilS

GOI!GON-I!·C

,s eXPERIMENTAL

VE"HIClE FOR nST1NG

C;ONTROtS

lo~l.ay. It ts used to power larp:t drones .rnd e>qll.;rimenlil1 vclricles, JIHl ill ,til)' [uture (Qllf1i\t ~ auld De lL~('d lor ccrtam I:yfies of !!u ided rmssiles, A simple engine, UlC'/,ul,e1d is ullly sllghlly more complex IHIIl Hie ramjet (NANE"'S, February), It (an be ~OI1srructed nf non-crit leal m.uenal und could he produced at Jaw ONt. The p rice of u ru J St'jd engi 1)(';, ""'pab.l e (Ir p wering a vchi Ie weighing 1 rom 011t to two thousand pounds, in muss pro.11I tion. should be nu more LJ1Jn ,00. t'ath-~bO\lt the lost of n model 'A'
('ngllle,

1-I1'"trn':i~Jli,.ellgjncf.!lnt''' I,ower1,1,U1F tlu, German V·I, is 5tdl rc,-en Illg considcrahle IOVlSI t,l{d~ion. and some pr.ictirul apl'lil'lllnlll III the J IlI'f

T

.~P
or

Muiu components of the pulsejer are rlre hlilp'pc, a umbusrion chamber, u Hupper-valve bank which opens Mil e loses by S,lICl ion, and pressur demand IlDd an inlet d j lfuser Ram :11 r enters the wrde diffu er mouth goes rhwugh rbe I esrricred rhrout und in to 11 norher elllarged chamber. Pressure builds up in ,hi, rhumber becnuse of me null air .lllJ opens rhe tinpper-valves leuing rhe tIIr rush into the combusrion ,hw:nbeT, whkh is unmedin,ely nit of the valve bank, The dinrnezer of rhe r.li1pipt is maller [hilt! !he com bustiun dmm ber anti Ilwrcby restricts the nirJ-I w of (he combnsunn hnmber, 'This builds rhe ccmbusuun -hamber pressure up, wluch In turn doses the valve gatES. Fuel ioj [ion and burning is eurinu!I us in ihe combustion chamber. ahcr iniunl ignition. The combustion of the new charge of alr raises the pressure much higher and Iruces rhe air and gasses through the tailplpe athigh veladry, The high speed exit empties the combasrion chamber, lowering the pres-

in the combustion chamber cuts the life of the I1JNlcf""alves (0 approximately OUe hour of operation. That is long enough r or a QI1t'-W,ly Hip but requires ronstant replarcmeut 011 vchu.Ies that sure, The valve gates (hen Of1fort lIg.l1n, ~m:.controlled and re-used, ram air t'u:;i1<::sInto the chamber sud the 1'11(: l'lulStjd has ~t~til thrust. How('foresS' i. rel'c"dtI'J. Tl,j~ cycle O(CLI rs [com 40 to 2.30 tirnl:s ref second de- ever. .m Inst.tlJII1 Ion which is dr:slgneJ for the most d:liClent operatiou at a pn',"IeaJillg I,lpOIl U1t: siz!. of Ihe englllc. In ltHti combust il;)n Is set off in til l: determined speed, suilers reduced st.llil. I h rust nnd IIlcfflnent operatic» at oilier dwnb<:r by a ~park plug and ihl:fC.Jflcr residual burnm_g sets oIT cadi additional speeds. This is true or Ute r,lbtJet bechargl.: or air mixed with fuel that cause llre £l.tpl}er-v:!lves must be aJjusleJ to open and close at rertam presstlre~ com~s into [be combusti0.fJ rhamber. depending upon the mis aile's rnrended 'nmt: of rile drilwbaoo uf die p-ulsejet arc Its high fuel ronsumprion, the an J Ihe ram a I r ressures to be shon life of rhe flapper-valves, [he ren- expected at that speed, Arthou,l:lt the pulsejet can be d.esigned dency of the railpipe ro splir from rapid pI essure ~u tuatinn and (he resrricred 10 OJ crate elTi(ienlly at it variety of speeds, e;;ll'h individual enginl' iI; u single speed 'lL1d pflwer efficieru y nmge for anyone- parncular (JnglOc. speed affair. For this reason most pul~eThe r~il~t.'id U~0S about ~win. the jet-powered "duck arc catapulted to amoun: of fuel (or ~hl' same power as ret up to the ope,-Iting speed as tupidly the turbojet. This is partitlJI}' Jill. to ;1S possible. The best design speed (or lilt. continuous Iuel injection ~ptl'm today" pulsejet engine is around :100 '" hi. h it uses, The mpld open m}; and mph. Developrnenr going on no\ is dosinf( of th ... fi,trrc:r.,.ul'l'-" plus 11'1;" expected to mlse this speed and make higL remperatures-c-around ;11()lj r. the cng.JIl e lUG re 11 exihl L so far as ~reed is concern ed,

'rt'Cd

r

VALVE

BANK

OF MCDONNEll

8-IN.CH PULSEJET

The Air: Force, NACA and the Navy are all doing research en the pulsejet,
R68trioted

was slower than and was relatively filS)' for high speed interceptor ai n:-raft to shoot down. Today's turbojet p), nes and modern reciprocating enginl" fighter have a large enough speed adv otage over the pu.lseie~ to make it t"a~>, prey. However, the V-I ly.p1: missile can be it very nasty weapon when used at short r<lnJit:: and In 'lU.1otrty -as the nnli,h will readily testify. The N~'1' re<.:eml}' tired ir from !l sub deck and a V-L bomb from the ,'rlidll'tly. 1\( r resell I rhe puJsel' cr i used on the LfJ()/i-JIl expcrirnenta vehicle developed hy the Air F 0 ree based on the Garman v-i-e-and on a number of pilotless aircraft drones.
HE Gl':ltMr\N

T the

modem

rubejct

V-1

16

T

AXI ACCIDENTS
H'"
FUC;H'I

is {OlUseJ on a yroup of 'lCcilll"n(~ which are nor sensatiO[1,!1 bUI which occur wltli surprisUl,!! r eg 1II... t y. J U5t abou I ri ')1),; of r he s e ::II;:cldC-IHS 'He
l';lU'C\[

afdy

r

tlight

lcssnes-, .r n d oegIlg~Il(t;'. As SbOWCl til the table below. [I taxi .I~{ iO(.l1l orrurs somewhere in the naval ,lIr organizatlon almost e\er}' Jay. Fortunately most rnxi .( r idenrs do not result III ,ual Of verious injuries to peronuel, Unromm:lttly they ofteu put two planes OUI of ccrnmi s s ion. II] the p.1~t 1~ months 2_ airplnnes were "",J/M)'ed it! tnxi ol(dJents, :21 WIne d.1.m.lged so severely as
to requlre;L

h) pilot

I:trCH'S

01

care-

In tbe l'em<lilling 2 '0 t;lx_r a[ddent~ n:ll UIred 1DlIl 0 r r epai r5.

m3.jor overhaul, And 176 required

major repmrs,

the planes involved

J .td~"11
19'1IIIIIIM} !Ilardi 1')4:J\pril-Illnt

.Ut

1' ..'1
."ll'a.Jrftllf

P"If'1/I

-,-Ill

o{TM,d 17«"

t~~
')11
Q

1,%

Juij-.'lf'pt-<,mbcr HN~ f)tlubt:r-Dect'mb\'r I'HJIl11tl,,"r~'-b1~Tth 19'ill
_

(] 1(;

..

-Ir
~1Y

0'1/
1-1.%

~fi
~(,

14%

The two cases listed below are typlntl: Clore # I, The seven th plane 111 ,I Aight of 12 C orsars
R6l1irrct"d

su

r-

11MIII'I! ,ftn lumillJ.! .)If the llut}' runway. Th pilot ~Jowly rom Ute rent "r 01 the rullway 1Q the right iumd w1t: where J1e attempted to ~ arn the planes hehind him hy [JdID. The t"lJot of the eighth 1 lane had turned into UW taxi Wily hy th IS nrne ,U1d was admittedly tnxJmg last. Idtilollgh he ,tntes th~l lie wus " ,. turning. He did not see the pLult: with tilt' Hat lire until "bUll) 70 ted J\\liy. fit whidi rime he J.ppJlcd full brake, bur WJS not able to !;top hefore hl.Hlf1J!ll1k Ol,her 1'11111':. Diumlj!t' tel tht: bit and after section 01 the parked rltrle wa~ '00 gre,l! tlt,l( il W;1" rccornrnended lor ;J strike. The accident board was of the opinion that I'Iolh rih)t~ were ..t hllll, Whe.n the pilot iir~t discovered that lu, klU a flat tire he wu!J have ~afcl)' t;uded or the mnw.ly in tt~ld of merely to one side. The pilot of the overt.1.klOg i r raft- was taxiing .u_ an excessive rnre of s!,t:ed. Since h knew there were other planes In front of 11m he ,h01.lld have maneuvered his plane so ;~ IQ have them in sight al all times, C.JJt' *2 Shortly before miJnl,ghl tJLt' [e,LJef of a three 1']IlJ1C Ai8ht- or f4U's sinrted )0 taxi Out for take-off, As he rolled <lIang he made a rcc.heck to see that all the .~w,itclles were ill the bright r0.:;itioo_ At this time he noticed that his \-"'ing llghts were not burning. Tltinking t-hat he: had inadvertently moved litis witch to the wrong positron, he continued to taxi along at low RPM. checking his Iigh! witches, When he realized that he switches were in the right position and his Lghts were still not 00, he tarted a turn to put himself In po ition to signal the plan ' behind him with his flashliglu. Just at lllls moment the Dumber 2 plane over-ran him and completely demolished the tail section of his F4U. The Accident Board believes that this crash c:ould have been prevented if the pilot haw turned off the runway or warned the other planes by radio when he saw that his lights were nur, Eimer choice would have prevented an aceidenr
)('I'e.1 .l
I.;\XII:J

17

OFfiCERS

OF

Vt-29 LOOKOVEII

rr,

STAGG'S'

NAVY

CROSS

CllAtleN

HAPPY

WARRIOR$

P05E

FOR A "1C11JR~

TO

PI};

l,iII WARTlM'

ALBUMS

TORPEDO SQUADRON 29
B.omhing S~J~ladroi1 TwentyNine', designared OIflglnaJly an escort bombing squadrnn, ru5L saw action in North A(ri('.1. 11 Novernber j'l-12 when
O!!PHIO
It W:JS

T

On I March the unit Composite Squadron 29.

WIIS

designated

of the USS Sa.Il!<"'. the amphibious il,gs .IU french Morocco,

Assign!;_d

to' CO\'('.[,

rrom

March proved to be the most surcessf-1l1 month of the cruise. On the
1nth, 511 ip

and his fighter puruier, Lt. H. Brink~r Bass. dosl'd in for the atrark. Two straling runs were made by the lantine l\ghtt:r before the U~boal crash-dived,

the deck
land-

Ens, Ear] Lock sighted

a German
Sarlclllt1tlh.

MJ.Clning new A!le!1gl:'IJ and san's, the squadron, si:ippt'rr:J by LL Cdr. J, A_ Ruddy. suprorted the invasIon v I_gO:rOU sly. but there was practically no opposition to challenge them. Although target" were lew .md far between. the squadron car ried au! its mission, bombin!,: ai rfrekis and 5tranr'lg enemy troops. Lt. W. R. Stagg~~ was credited with sinkin Il One submarine. For. the excellence their work, Lt. Cdr. Ruddy, Lt. Staggs and Lr. Ershler received Navy CJOises. Late in the aftemooll of tile 10th. landings wert: made OLl an emergency

san,

and signalled tin! UES

Bur before the S,l"IMutl,lh could the German crew scuttled their

took to the lif ebosts, On the 16th, LL (]S) Koos 'iigl1ted. a U-boat and embarkeclon a running rll!hl which cost him it wound III the It::!). Whcn!"Wo fel low rilots a rrived
out,
the

opel' up! srllp ltriJ

As soon as the dive started, Ballantine attacked. An oil slick rose to rbe surf ace. Asses ~m ell t: a ki JJ ! The next day Lt. (jg) Claude Barton and his crew in a bomber and Ens.

to help

U-boat

~ubmerged

to

or

eseape further. Ull1ltlge. credited with akill,

Kees

was

jack B. Anderson in a fi.ghtec .spotted another su.rf:.red submarine. Ander5011 nnrnediately made roue strafing funs while Barton maneuvered for an a.tNKk. TIl is attack resu [ted In an underwater
explosion. and the l.I-boat was no more.

,Llrfldd

.It Safi

because

vented the squadron ship. ln terms phnes, this was a. m.qor catastrophe as only one TliF and two SUD'S were able to land safely on this field d mud called an airstrip. Pilots and crews were unscathed. Upon its return to the Un ited States. the squadron was ~C11t on its second tour aboard Ihe Ssntee and heeded fur Recife. Brazil. There members of the

or

prefrorn returning to

weather

~l£ ~QUADa()N rctlJl:necl 10 NOrfolk the end o! Ma.rch. and on April 13th. LL Gk Stllggs assumed command. From Call}, April to June I3tlI, the squad ron received specialised lraiaillg irl antisubmarine warf;,.re_ Then, <lgaul the StU/ll/e, the squadron set sad to escort :t convoy to Ca~abhl1~!I. Departillf: from that 110ft July 7th. VT-2\! set out on it "pig-bOde bunting

T

Later in the day. EnS. George C. Benoit in his Allimga and LL (jg) John F_ Thompson executed a similar maneuver again,t another fully su rf \l,ced
submarine, lorced Benoit an underwater It is probable A mechanical failure to make three passes beexplosion resulted, that the D-bost and was

lore releasing his depth bombs. Then blasted !iuffieiently to end any threat i!

on

Ilssigoment •. routine
tbought

squadron

began

on

I~· }nnwary

1943

their career as ~irhome detectives" detailed to foil Germau blockade runners and submarines, squadron tCH':lKtune Otlt .1J Recife. 111(1 appearance ptt the coast of Bahia of a Ll-Boar all the 20th sent the squadron SCutryil1,!! there to ,Ii rl In the search.
The results were n!..~il(i\if:', so VT-::!I returned ro the S,mtee arid started another series of searches for German raiders, From February 15th
10

searches over areas with underwater raiders, So highly successfu1 was this period in the history of the squadron that several of the: pilots would be well L1UtlJiflcd (0 lecture on 'The Sport of Shooting SurfaceJ Submarines," The ft<!qLLellC) witll which Twenty-Nine found irs prey floating rat, dumb and bllpl'Y en tilt' \\':<1"<;:5 of the Atlantic proto be infested dJt's
tIll

20th,

the

,lnd did ir!
00 J,Jy Ballanfine,

verification 01 the ~yUlg that ~ttat1gef Ulilll llctiotl. There tIl!;'}' were, <\lid there alsove them were the ASW eilots who knew wh~~ to do

might haw been to allied shipping. On the 24th, U. (}g) Edward Van Vranken made three strafing runs on 3 submarine befnre it subnrecged, No explosion was observed, :;0 H, (ig) JllckPadberg in. a TBF and LL Peterson were vectored out to rhe scene of the origillai con tad , where 1I dye rna rker ha.d been dropped. They began !lea.relling the area, and Padbef~ finally spotted the sub. I [e made three strafing funs cu] of the sun, hit his mark

<is:)

th

I~

aud

was

credited

with

u

kill.

Hth.al Of{IO, LL (jg) [r. and lus HCW spotted

J.

H.
a

The team of Lt. (Ig)
mond, bomber pilot,

right, but ONII suu at a time wasallwere beues, one
1""0 $'Ub5

,Lt

tune

Dobbie

r, Rich-

and LL (jg)

Van,

surfaced

U-boat

20 miles ahead,

Bal-

Vr:Ul ken , fighter

pilot, had that happy
Rcetrieted.

18

rre enled to them July when tbey sPOltr:J two submarines
ituation
lOU yards

30th

just

aparl.

Van

strafed

one sub

while Ril hmond dropped depth "._hargt's on the other. Van lJ'Ilhk· Iour more slmJrng OIOS. and Richmond art.l kC\.\ hrs virtirn Agnin Richmond's ::Inad: Jut true, a f:lI;:l slgllalJ~u hy Iiollhng debris and a tank risit1[! to the surface, The rher 'O·noa.l was .1~S0S5ed as J;mlaged, toorfolk. to 17 jul)' 1944, when it s;lIieJ (or Pearl l-larhnr , VT 2';J did rOl~voy duty 011 the U.S,-Casablanc.1 route, went through ,vlditioolll (r.Lioing and ptepared for irs
dishnguished service
in

*

'l"I[IS IS Ol,1 uut/h 01 u Jo!.V:fi0-'1 .,f ,,,lilJ1"'1 .',~{rI,ol "I ~q,'a<lr/)j'¥ ~n WOI.'/d War II. If ('~("".I1 ~f' jilR/.. II~II, ,h·ia.1iQU /ltlrtOi"jI ~tH-f~ R"€~:n"'l"" nr:,_,.""n I in).

r"",1,.,~
hipc.

burst below the Alengt!1 r rLtnll-tHldL:J1 burlding~_ The alrborne invaders returned 10- their rarrier, "fe ;lml \ iuorious. The Ba<"k .in Ulith i rrom M,u' h hi to ] 4th. (he squa Iron headed out to Sl~,l agaill for .W Jays of concentrated detrucrion _ On Maull [SUI.. 14 01 ;)3 troycd by rhe squdron, and i l Io It'! u: the rest o( the J.tr~On Kyushu [eel rherr punch,
HI.'!!1 '.f

l!u.1Jr:n returned

From

6

August

19-'13, when

the

_ Tinsley and his r('Wn1('1l with their fighter ('S(Orl bombed and ~tr;lrl'd this reuvoj ilJ.ld st'nl out its l'o\itilll1 to the other planes. Later, Lt. (Jg) Harker and En:". W.llker attack ... . JnJ W,tlker J and his new were bit and killed. The

J "["l,mes'::

rnerchunt

u.

(jg)

•.

Chid)J

J ima.

next

lhl}' Iht.') worked

ver

hu.ildings

nl Miyazaki

.lJI:1ieiJ Were- dedemolished

194~1-45.

received the DFC. Ii the s'IIJ.IJron W.L<;; preparing to 1.'YfKh ;10 attack November l)th, the Task Group W:lS ,thlckcd by Kl~miJMze planes. Lt. (ig) H. H. Skidmore was

HH 'ArrPI! part of 19 4, based on the U Cabol, the squndroo participated III the Bartle for Leyte Gulf. conducted air attacks on various t,ugets in the PItil ippines, ami rcttJved their share battle s ars and. exp rien C'. LL Cdr. f. H. Mc'Pherscn, skipper, Lt. (it!) C, F. Norton. and Lt_ (Jg) P. Speidel

T

or

J.

Zek!? made a suicide in front of him, 'Ole proreller of the plane was heared off, 1Jul all l'S WIth minor hums. Eucly In 194.,. after a Christmas letup in Ulithi, V1-.~'9 returned to some of ;t~ olJ objectives in the Philippines,
dive immediately

revving

up the engine
11

of his plane

on

ready to venture into J.lI".IIl ... e waters .. s DLlring the nrst d"y., out. V"-.:JII made prllclirr strikes :l.g, inS! tJU'lf own task Q"roups and Wt'llt On sntlsubmarine pil,lrols, Ilul where were they II .lder!! The A 1 oHil'er finally p.iIlvethe w rd TOK:YO I VI ~ and ther squadr ns the Task Force .... -crc (0 attack the Tachikawa I\irrrufl Engin<..: Plant.

three rernaininj; l'BF ~, H:ry short f .gas. reru rned to b;ISc-_ On the l'ilh. "(;-"'(;11 J'IlM's st-ruck Takao Harbor 011 the ,aullm u~1 coast Il[ Formosa; .unl Oll the .Illy {o!lowill,l; they hit Hong Kong, the Taikoo hipard '. Docks and "hJp1'o were hard hit. .md the l:nl ire are l we~ blanketed with the heavy black srnoke of burning insralla ti ons, Arter another stdh.~ 00 Takao, the <;~lulJroll returned tQ Utili. By February l tlth, rhe Fleet wa - !lg:l.in

iiut'd 'IP on Omura ,urfidd_
·F'A"l

\'1"-2"

pilots

1"

morning al 07()O, $(;\'<:0 phl.J)es headed for the- enemy In hi, own front yar I-the J~ Fleet ,It Kurc Harbor. D:lfJng tnt hti1VJ' Iluk, the torpedo pilots tore into the t ar 'd. 1.L OX1 'riFlslt:y scored hits on :I cruiser and the dock to Wlljcb It was secured, Lt. (jg) R. J. Mag-hem bit ,L K (If/WI class DB. while U. (ig) Vashr and
HI;
VT·.:!,?

T

or

the ratlIpuH when

Ou ~chedult', the strike was launched February 17th. No sooner was each
with its tons of bomb" airborneheaded f r rendezvous than it was swallowed up by the bitter (old overClSt over the coastal ..... aters eastern plane

"red

and

For hve straight J;IYS beginning M.u'ch 23rd. vr-» pounded 0I<in,1w" On the e"~llil)g of the 28th, it was rcported that the jap, nest Fleet W3$ on lite move gam. All the next rnornmg, VT-3<l hunted this prey. l-'ailio,l-; to find iL. they went after ta.Q;eb in K YUJ1lI, On M,m'h 30rb. \11'-1'1 returned to kinawa for five acid itional d:J.y~ of pounding .tlrhehb, hang~r'j, bnrracks, bridges an I bC,ld, de en. e .
Climax and finale of tile career

Ens,

Zemanek

hit the

Y amat»,

Honshu.
broke

An hour

Luer, {hI.' planes
into the crys-

or

Cor (he China S<1ato knock off a. few japanese convoys reportedly under w"'Y there. The C,:/H)/ was the fi rst f ast curier of our ror .es t!VC[ to enter this ses and the last to leave. On tbt~ J Jth [nnuary, a four-plene team set out In search of the enemy fled d.nd overed an area over 400 mrles fong. including the coast 01 Indo-

then Ireaded

through

the clouds

tal dear air of lhe;; Ja.p.ml'~C: hornelan to see Iy.ing ahead that geographic trademark of the Kingdom of the Rising
Sun, fuJiyama.

TOfJ,eJo Squ,ldron Twenty-Nine carne on Arnl 7th when the Japanese Fleet was fO\lnd llltJln_ The proud Y,UlltJIO be .... arne the- central target. A [\1t1 -plane
trike was launched

or

by

VT-2'l.

Some 0

the hits
rilrt

scored

by the: squadron

were

or

But the-lie W:lS no nrne to reflect upon the: beauty of the landmark J~ the planes pushed their way to the target, opposed
connncously

The Beet was not found. but the bombers JiJ locate a (onlfoy of

:I1ma.

by

live-inch

nntiaircraft
VT-29

11 it the target with its bombs, and there

gun.

Bombs away!

Every

plane

gratulations gf Admiral Spruanre who e: prc,,)e(! d~tp regret .Il the departure

of the lethal attack that ended with tbe slIlkill.g of the Yomaro. On Apr;iJ 9th. V1-l') headed home. ,pelIon their way by the dlf::(!rjn~ con-

01'

'one of m)' mos; effecnve units."

STJlONG

1~ ASW WARFAR!,

111-29' SENT MANY

ENEMY

SUBMARINES

DOWN

LT, WILLI"'M

ANDElISON,

USNR,

SMIlES

AS

HE

~ECEIII~S

NAVY

CROSS

19

Philpot,
M L-I

rhcck

l ludrnan and Angellcchjo of il'1V en,gtn e be! are it Ieaves

Agaimt J barkd rop of snub-nosed P2V'1 's, four pilots of fly; men, all is\' are: C. R, Leonard, 0" R. Qm:JlanJ,

r. A. Dalton, I;.

VP-ML-2

head for

pl.lI1C5

to

p, Da\'I,~

NEPTUNE, WORKHORSE OF FLEET
o rhe lin
ANY Mof the
alrcraf~. have tjua~l-d fo!, tilt title ,oI, "workhorse fleet Lil the lll!>tory oj naval aviauon. ev est
IS

lin!

One
P::!\I-2

propeller

feathered, witb tess than 100 feet altitude, U demonstrates it'i single-engine performance at Miramar

This versatile pl.llle, whose dm:.f duty I.S "ntisubml.fine pauel, i~ also bciug wed us 11. photo plane, m~priDg 30,000 sll1Ja.rc miles of Alaska. The e phorngrapbs, taken for NAVAL AVIATION NE\~' by three Neptune SI.I~laJ.rons-vp-l\IL-l. -2 and '-l~show h{)th vet ions UDder fleet operational duly, Latest feat of In,j/\,fl'/J1l1ll1i was to fly ib 60,O()O-pOl.llld bulk off the deck of the Cr;ral Sl!ttwllb the aid of JATO, a history-making event which opcneS up the world to the eyes of tills high-caFacity plane. The ePltnlV'J 11.236·mUc world-record flight still stands,

rwo versions=-the

P2V Tepllmt. shown P3\'·j and P2V-2,

on these

pllgCS In

its

'.

Frank );mica, ADe, and Robert Olsen, AIJAA, check brake clearance at ML-l; crews find maintenance OD P2V'S no worry

Under Ine whale-Like fuselage of their Neptune, pilots Hines,

Miller and Hofer of

VP-ltJ.L-J

get set for a cold weather hop

20

1
I
Blunt-nosed V2V-I with twill .50 cal guns is berng prepared for flight by W. E. \wiUillms, AL2, ami L \'iI. Peters, AlC N!eplune is not the Navy's biggest aircraft bU.l its vertical nn is plenty tall, as this photograph by VP-}.f1.-2 i.ndkn.tes

RosjCQ, AOt, checks twin 50's in turret of l<U-1 NepllIne,' late models carry 20's

W. E. Williams, AU,. works in compact e$.dio cernpartrnent of VP'ML-2 Neft/me

Ord.l1oncemen
pylons

load HV AR rockets all
on the west coast

of Neptullf!

Neptune 01' MI.-i demousuares the power of its two engmes by climbing above long row of its mates at Whidby island
Rt'Bt.riated

!\[L-4

'Propener governor adjustment is made by .A.l'IgeLkcbio, ADz, as Moreau, ADJ, gets inSide nacelle to fix carburetor

21

WATER CHARACTERISTICS OF HREE FLYING BOATS
the M,wl' exhibits some skipping tenden-

cies at lrim ,tn.glt.'s approaching thestall. At displacement "p<;edi> lin: nVJJ2 has :lH:

and plan ing

lower resistance,

out at b\ln1p, tnmSltlon

JipCCd5,

t11e resistance:' of the

JRM-j is the lower. TIle i\{,;fJ IS- more smble over a wider range- ef trims and moments than the 222. ,Vlan tHIS, for the most part, neutral directional stability draracteristhe Y(lWiLlg moment ell rye for the BV2.u hull have stet!p negativ~ slo] es,
HE

T rics while

tbe Hriti,sh hort. bet/'I1/,1 Jn~H .M,tri, All three of these Oying boal~ lUI" in the IOO,OO(J· pound or O'K,r (lim, The J RM·J I, heaviest with a mnxrrnurn gross wcjgh~ of 1 1"OOCl pounds, the ,'1/'1.'11,1/1(/ nexl _gro,smg 60 tOIl'i, and the B V..'2'1 IS dit' Ji,<:hl!::.'it with ,I muxirncm wt:i8.ht of 11l~t Over IOO,O(}O ['ou.mb. The: bt!fl.mtl am1 "1.11 r are both powered by four Cl1gllll'~ t:'Ll.h. hile the: German boat hl1.~ six. In .I({dilioll 10 the towing tank model tl'st ... arrrcd Oil[ by 'teven~ • .1 AI[4ht test \ rt:.... from Putuxeru flew and water te~tcJ (he [W..'.!.! In otway ~I:tonl}' after rile war's end. And o/- course, the \1071' 11M undergone extensive tlight and hydtodYUil.01.k tests ..I (he Test Center. The Patuxent reports on both boats con cur ~ 10'dy wilh the 5teven~ rnndcl lc:.t\, The revens lnvestigalloll indlCUI" the .Wun nn:-l the best <Ill Mound h)' ,1roJynamit perferman .e, alrhou}!h the man BV2)~. and our own
RV2~ IS almost as good and in some sin~k respC( IS slfgbdy better than the ,\11111'.1 The /lnt.wl fell short b th the MLlI'J and the German boat In .tlrnost ,Ill I'l'speti.<..

11;1\ lust fiflt,ht:d U SNIt:S of lest~ f r BvAER which evaluate and tOlnpar~ the hy,lr dynami, (har.lI:tt'rbtic~ of the Ger·

T

ill'. STI'\ !iNs!

nstilut

(d

~f 1

~l

hllolog),

are required eo t'hiIJI_L;(;' direction on the 22.2. This part of the SteVf:.1H tcp?1't \\IIIS borne out by the test ('1("'\1' fi nd IIlgs til. Norway, which reported the German bout had litflt: or 110 directional rudder control on the water up to 40 knQts. It had a very strong tendency to turn into the WInd <I"J about J () koots of crosswind was all it could stand 00 tak ·Olt \Xlhc:n operating 10 rOllgh waler at booln.g speeds, the hin/..r and 122 are about equally seaworthy; The Man shows better l.anding impact char;wtcri:>tic. than the flV3J2_ Two major deferts in the water ban-

Thi

inniLiltt-s that lar}o:e" rudder

moments

it is also very unstable directionally, exhibiting "hooking" tendencies nbove

dling characteristics of the Shott Slw· larul make It less effective than either the Marl or German boat. The Shetf,md hull is very UJl table on jilJJciiog over a f.tirly large r<luge of uim ilLl,glCS: Alltl,

FAIlf!ED STEP OF SHan
TIll'

SI4ETl,6,IIID V1518l~ HER~
1ll;I111

peaks

of

the

-pn)y

bll

'(<.:P;

~'m,utatil1t: Irom tlll- tW~.!~ hul] are JOWt'r those of the 1~1.1/l, ulthough the

or

'vmg th 221 is more apt to b.e,hll h}' ;rmy because f it lower pO~ltIOn. t\~ mentioned, the German boat has exvcllc nt skiJ1rlil1~ ~h~;r-,'ltl'ri~tk!;. whereas

mW'l

or

peaks of the main ,spray l;e'lltJHd hull are sllgl'lcly lower thnn those the Mm'I, The bow spray properties of the r~~ee hulls are about the same at tlXllng speeds in rouuh water, although the bow '''pray of the '/1I?IlrJll(1 is slightl}' lower ranges,

hump speeds, The '/jqlland has about the same resistance it) the displacement nm.ge as the MarJ, but h,LS higher resist-ance 10 the transition ilnd pinning

blisters ot the

The

or

and fin!:.'f than that of the other two hulls (It comparable f ull-size rond ,tiODS,

l he on IJ l (Jm!~lttd J hJ"ing no un usua! fL'IlturC',~;uch a.s the rall'cd step of the Slut/.m/l, nor the: lr:lmvc:r~c afrcrbod steps and aftll'rbod)' 'keg or the 2l1. These t"m~wn;.c .tftcfnody,ter~ on
H_F .5

·T

Mm'" hu. II

ranvt'ni;'looaJ

design

the 122 are about

three-quarter

of all

Inth dt'ep and vary in number on ditt<:'r l'1l1 mo Ids 111<' plane tested had nvc
I ransvcrsc

steps, while some at the lutcr

had as m;u1}, as l1. 1'11(;,(, auxilIll.ry ster~ acted .15 ~ki -darnpcners p J11d were successful to some extent, alliu:mg:h adding drag ar high planing speeds

n.rs

THIS 811222 AI DOCK IN T~ONDHitl\li

FIO~D NOIIWA'I'

WAS THOROUGHLY TESTED BY

22

.?'"

~ t1"~ ."'" N ~" NEW NAS ORLEANS
~
il,

~. ~VISITS

v.u, ,IiI ,lat iOrlO; f.1 ngt' III il u Ii ,1~11i .111 the way [rorn '\.2uo·foot Denver down to humid New Orleam where Like Vonrfhnnmln', \ arers lap almost ilL the opcml inns orhcc JODI' JIIJ .1 .1-;00.1 r'tic m,l.keb the field II luke. A bit..: "7 Feet A Ilit U(.iL .. adorn the

N

hunl!'u 'dom

to greet

pilots

planes :IS rhey srreerh lbelr br.ikes trying to st'Ol}' the ~.300 (001 .iunway. on
l.ornlcd
;t([OSS

or

l.1

itinp;

-

the

ous beach resort
.. rescent
is now the

j[y," NAS NHW ORLEAN~ horne of seven Reserve

01'1 lilt.'

road from it famoutskirts of the

~9ul\lIron$. 1)1<lkil\g it one of the smaller Reserve adh'llies in number. as well as New rleans week-end warriors now fly was just another Mississippi river bog. They pumred some of the mud out of Ponu hurtram's bottom and made (to airlitoLd out of it. In the earl day its i.lIldiog surface wasn't too hard. Y(!!/'7W f>t:f'iI s often san k their wheels in the
in runway length. Bn k in pr~'.wa.r

onys.

the place where

NEW

ORUANS

ReSE~VE5

SOAII

OVER

CITY

Willi

115 WIHIHNG

M'5SIS~I'I'PI

RIVER

ON

llIERIGHT

OUiSIANA RESERVISTS FLY, RAIN OR HURRICANE
from
it

rouched

positi

n, or try to hit

cll[ry. NANEWS' FLylOg Reporter htld a chance La try out the ramp (ree /1/;(11 fI) and put in all 'aye" vote for it. After starting out as a primary flight traming station in 1941. New Orleans
switched to a Ail\bt in tructor's . hool in 19 ...4. It wound up its war service as a separation center in 194') and in July

the

"footstool"

most

Beeebs

rhe bigge t lakes in the United States, cw Orleans has no eaplanes or ramps. The well-populated bathing beach IUrQSS the mad with its cuthern-version of Coney Island probably is the reason. Dig planes like R41)'s can land there residences that it cannot expand, Iew Orleans has the distill ion of being the fi rst Reserve station to hm'c its enlisted personnel quota filled 1000/0. reaching that peak on Navy Day, 1947. When Con cress r:lssed the draft law in
btl t th e a.ir st.l:tion is so hem mea In

by

1946 reopened as a Reserve station with Capt. James E. Leeper as e.0. Although it is on the sheres of one of

NANEWS

fLYING

I!EPORTER

liliES

NOLA

RAMP

soft ground while taxii(1g around on lhe unpaved uirfuce and ha.J to be rescued hy tractors. New Orleans' Reserve base has one 'lliv:ml'ngc over many NilV}' stations; it is located wi hill easy driv;n~ distance of its "clientele." as contrasted with such places s Los Angeles, Grosse TIc:: and MI3mi which are v.'ay out In the boonIIOCkll, New Orleans boasts anotbet unusual fwture--It owns one of the Iew junior- ized landing ramps to help pas.scngt-11i ill Bee.cbrm/!l to dismount. AI most air srarions, you either lump out

Organized pilots Carruth, TY&OD, Wl'lgbl. Maver, Garrison, Klein, Young, Day and Ely, representing three different squadrons, get ill their annual training flights

23

VMF·143

J ilots-s-Lt. Chaisson, Major Drury. squadron CO, Ll. Hosch-go out to t1y In J3utbday show and open house
.1

Pilot Denver Norman on wrrrg of his TBM watches loading of Texas City relief plasma ~ Assl, Supply Officer Grace assists

poured QlI[ to tr}' to Join the New rlcans Reserve, Thi bn.ldQg is 111Hling U\ rle.ins to pick choose Il~ elllisted men, cw recrnits, being J1t::,-"r~!:n tv J\ iJ.tiol!, ,tlt't ,I six-weeks "boot rJn1p' (DUTk' III .iviauon Iund.tmentals. At the end of SIX months each cun pick hi~ own rau- LO tr} for HL'JJ ot Ute Lt:liruf1g rro_gr.u11 .L~ senior type training officer i I.t. dr. [, C. SLnl.nge, who JI~o doubles lL> adIlIg exec oi the station. tral1g~ became
~'i

J uue,

H!j)od of

YOUDg

meu from

1 ~ tl}

.mu

reI-

naval aviutor in 19:57. Fighting in the clemens, Munda, Rsbaul, Hollandia, Truk, M.tri,tna.." Palau, L~te. Mindoro, Okinawa and Jap~ll. he bdgged eight Jll,p planes with 'VF,S(). lie 11011 rhe DliC ,!lid Brcnze Star for his l"ea·I:r. Capt. Leeper ,IISIJ h,l~ WI extensive
J

Leeper won two Lt~IQIIS of Ml:ril and tlu. Bronze Star. ew rleans' most decorated Reser~i. t b LL C,tr, Merril I J, Hemby. HI! 1V1lS wlrh \'fI-35 on the S/JdI1J!,rI'UI off Okinnwa and Japan. Puttmz bombs
into the Hamn«
t\\'()

WRr record, ser\'illg [ccm j 93') t 11).12 with Patwin~~ ') .1Ilt! 7 In the- Atlanuc

Mel

N(tg,l/o won him

J1ltisuhmurioc tump:lign from Puerto Him to lcelund. He was skipper of YP-i':! anJ 0 of the CV]! 'ilwmotk Ell)' in tllt South PaciJ'ic: and Okinawa. Capt.

.Navj Cro es. .Hc also holds the DF ' and three Air Medals. Another OLltst;.l11JjJl/3 Jlgb.le1: WJ..~ U. Cdr. RobertF. Edmondson. He won the Navy Cross ill U1C Bflule of Coral Sea nnd picked off the DF , Silver Star, three Air Mnl,d~

Skipper of Tulane Cadt·ts.. Capt, H. D .. Power. Set's parade of his men as a. teature of an open house lit NAS NOl.A

Statiol1k.eepers

and Organized Reserves practice together: exchange lips on firearm usc at New Orleans' excellent range

These A&R chiefs-Willis, [ohason, Russell, Gnntar, Chat· ham-form backbone of instructor corps Ior training 0'2's

Swampland

quartered

In

flood refugees, several hundred strong. were barracks lit New Orleans dlLr[ng fall hurricane

24

Reservists
ver, Garrison,
,lIId

arruth, Tyson, Wright,

Klein,

Young,
Unit

Day. Ely
Gt.lt[um

Ma-

Capf, Leeper presents Seven awards to L. Smith 11:0> other staiionkeepers look on

Ex-Squonluml

Reservist

Eddins

meets

New

Orleans

Training

Officer

ttange

1<"/'1;
I

while II~hljng wi h Bombing Five and Scou rm g r () ot! the } G.l'kfrllllll and IurIf' in 1~-.H2. cw (d,"(JIL~
J' unlqL1C' in

two

Presideutiu!

New Orleans Reserve Squadrons
FM'flflll-l R3-L.t. 1 ,\ SI'l.,,"-l6ll LL. Cd., O. I;, n" M~t <, Lt l'Ur. ~:, J. R'lrm~!,er, XO. n ·;,~-L -J.'l. John " Ely, ), Lt.
1'n!frrnl

Lt,

(j_c)

Lue Uu B. lI«oe, "0.

('ii"

I', T• .Ft. Voelk ••r.

0:

r-r) i
f),

publ« m(ormatlOn that h wus not in ,lVidCiulI Ju ring the \\ ur A former Ill:''' ~p.l11Crll1n.n. Lt. Cdr. H. Parsons fnund himself a destroyer executive and ~kirrer .)f .\ fjpr:ill.l of PC" i.1I rhe North
otnccr

J

Arlunuc ,LIlJ ar the Normandy invasion, strange Inre for :1 pou.ndt'r of typewrir ts but a scnry often repeated. \X'iLh II PQPLlI.llIOD of 6~O.()llO to draw Irom. (he Reserve srunon has had no trouble io fIlJin.tl its vacancies. It has IH rgaruzed Reserve pilots and 27 As.od.Llecl Volunreer pilots, piLLS (,91 enlisted men in the Or,ganuT:'d ranks, not il1duJing Marines, The Marine unit, headed by Lt. CoL L. H. IvkCu!lc<y, num hers 48 flicers and 1011 men \X/hem Congress recently :Jpprm td ~.dliilg bark of (ormer nvuuors, 3R me» .tpplled lor Oll(;·year duty and t 8 Bot urders almost irrunediotely, ;1.11 lighl~'r eilclt'i, 1VL1J1Y Reservists going 10 Tul· •we Un iversJlY live in be BOQ st the:; ilir 't.uiol'l. Others attend Loursiuna l.Itl' at Baron Rouge. pflJ\ghlll 01
;1

\'1, "I.~~ -1.1 1'111' .1 P. '/Il"MJJ1tllt. '0; LI. G, (or~', IV. 'Pi,;ml"" XO. 1.'F.-l.I, CUI', It. n. C~.""ov~, 1,1. Wm. lC.., ,SJtnk,"n. ,Jr .• XC) (VEt;....~1 Lt.' 'dr-, HI F, Edrnpndwn •• 1, . ~ VI,(",~ 1,\, ('dr, F, " ~w"Jit • cn. . I !\.~~_I_ 1 1 1',11', 'Wfllh,m .. R. B,l,li,,,, l'ClI 1,,1, 11""111 H. Nn.v.. r. J,'., XO VMl"·' ,13 Nrtj. I", ,- Il"'uc~. ('0:. CUI'\, c. U<I'nMd, XU.

XU

n.

eXl'lo~ion ocrurred, Reservist flew Red .ross and WAA medica! supplies, ire tif:hting equipment and personnel tu theruuied [0\\'11. Org:tl1!.ZeJ and Volunteer

v A-~

co,

pil rs from Tulane U and ivillan jobs downtown took five J.l},S orr ('0 operate shurtle runs [0 the tOWIl. Doctors and rlllr,>t·" from New Orleans were flown sourh .ind pn k-ups were made ,It various "pot in 1.()L1I~i,Ula and 1IiS£1:Slrri.

W
years,

Hf\N Till

heavy September,

1917.

lege or Northeast

Louisiana

College. Six

enlisted men and [our uv iator drive in from Mobile, H,) TT1Jle~away. sharing expenses, to .get in their i1itlbt time at NOLA ( e Orlean: Ll..) Two subsid illry un Its Op(!r~lt under. the S[U,iI)I{L An A V (A) ar Pensacola tloe. if f1yillK ilL orry Field, using planes I rom NAP ENSACOLA. This (I rst un d !n.rgest A V U (A) in the Re""rve emmand B ies F~ U' s ilnd FGF's.

hurrirnne bit lulfport MlS~ •• Reserv isrs new toast u.rvey hop ~ over the area and ferried In communications equipment and R~d ross workers. The first hllri'i(an~ to hil lhe area in 2"
It

did $'('0,000 d(lmagC' at the al r

station.

(vihal)

rl.'!fll,l!I,:es

from nearby

dria, LI... and

An A VU has been organized at Alexanits members occasionally .OI11L. tu N!.'\\' deans to do some ily,ng .

residential arC;JS took rduge in lhl' station s barracks. TI'e Reserve station l,nrti 'ip!lte~ in numerous .ivl· funetruns, One of its most sucressful open houses was lhi~ summer when 11,00\) visitors w~tcileJ the station is culled OD rrt::llucntl} to IlXllk Iu.'l sailboaters, resow swrrnmers, an 1 Jl operates a crash bout and rescue plant: service for that job.
Its

..irnulated

GLUIer

operations,

Bee. lise of

Iocauon.

I ew Orleans Reservists have played .111.lctivc r.H1 in numerous disasters ill the .ulr region. WhC'1l the Texas City

I

showers fni I to dampen ardo( of pilofS from VF-B4-E: Ens, A. Denis and H. Dey ride to work in tyJe
New Orleans

Industrious den, Reagan

A&R staticnkeepcrs Gisaro and Blanche

try

in engine

overhauj; Beartheir hands on ttrpa.iring

25

ESERVE S TS FLIGHT MARK
by Jimmy Dorsey, returned a profit of $"7'1, whilh Was donated to N;'l\,~ ReIil;'F A d III ISSIOIl to the ann i vt.r~aIJ' J<1l1tt J.( Nt. ' S1.,_11)r\1'I1111l1 WU~ on, new t.UnJidal(: flJr th~ Reserve.
NAS
AKI{(~N

entertumeel

SOll1"

i.UOO

gU(;,ts ..il its open house lllld welcomed I,OOf) more who (LU"J(:J up hy mi~tA ... OIL Ih~ following dar.

Splashy
'WCt"

Cefebrationat

Jax

WINNUIS

uf

THE SQuAuR",N ,\NII

IIEAUTY

CON't:Sf

Af

NAUoJ

JACI<SUNVllLE

~INf

U~ WllH

JuDGES

N relehrated
AVAL

Manne Air Reserves their S~OIlJ ro~t-w:tr anruversarv amidst !:iH'ill fall fare. Behind Lhern' 111)' Il yeuraf record-breaking

cpera: ions. Reserve .11' ia.tors hud p iled up '597,'5';1.1 Aighl hQ,urs 10 rap,tite 42). "i06. '5 hours fi0\ n 10 the prevlOw; },ear. Organized Reserve numbers had rlimbed From 24,617 to ~O.97H officers

66 station avrurors, which W.L' foJJ<)wtJd by 3, demonstration of fj-l l'urte), flUWll by (OUT pilots [rnrn Fighting I. NAS GROSSE ILl' hdd: its b(.'~t open, house ta date: some '50 Reserve piJnes participakd ill ft show. About l(J,OOO persons turned up at the Seattle NART celebration. while New Orleans. sweltering In, a heal wave, managed to entertain some ).000 8uc~t.s on the station !IS well [iln additional 8,000 spectators who assembled atoJlg~id<, the field to watch the 'how. The big event ill NilS Los ALA),UT0S was the birthday dance which was held in the ,",YO big hangars for SOme lO,OOO l,eo[lle. This pepular altair, with music
was

m"IlY 10(<11 rdubr.ujoJl) were being hdd at the same nme .1$ the birthd'l)' observance. Naval Air Re~crvi~ts were often asked to shure ill rhesc fcsti I'1L aa d th 11 s gamed even ics Wider publiL a..__d:tim for the pr0).tr.lft'l. ndouhtedly til{;' splashlcsr and most eye- filling of these fouU: tie-in CI ents was the Florulu OeJlIly Pa,gcul1t. dutiny. wluch Florida's rcpreseruerive 10 the AtLlllti~ tiL)' "Miss America" l nrest was seler red, iuce this affair w s spon rored by the State Junior Chamber of Commerre, an organization which unit ut NA JACKSONVIllE, NAR1'U Jax'~ weekend warriors were only [(}O glad to take part in the non-puldrr]rudinous phases of [he event,
n Saturday afternoon, when thous-

has.

,l!ivC'1'1 .hne

support

to the

RC5el'l'C-

and men.

Tmining

was in high gca.r,

quadrons were wor:kjng more and more as ."df-$uffider.H units and had "ngaged ill a wide \'oJ_ridy of J'n.tctic-al

NA WILl( Wl 10,000 visitors,

ROV~

attracted

some whi 'h

operations du ring then two-weeks annual cru ises, Theusands of c ivilians ,tttendcd the nnn j\'ers,; ry celebrations which were held .It all stations and units within the Reserve network. 111~lrinterest in the pr0,cmm was a fittins tribute to. the nne record chalked up by the weekend warriors as well as to the cordial rclatiomilir they Ifave established in their 10 aJ communities, To acquaint tho public With the type of ImiJ1ing now being given, most stanons arranged til_tiC exhibits Qr their hll"l.'~t (::qulpmr;nt. Reserve squ'ilLdrons topped 011 rhe birthday celebration with demonstranon of simulated carrier 0['" erations, At mall)' places RctuLar Navy pilots showed up to salute the Reserve and to thrill the craw's III their roarln,g jd ti~hters. orne 20,Ono 10 3(J,()OO visuors at AI lanta, for example, watched Lt. 01. ad and four pilots horn VMF. Jo!.: ill their FH-I Pb,ml()IIIJ and the BIIII! Alice/f. unde: CJI'. 'Dusty" Rbodt's rut on breathtaking drsplays. 1\ partirula rl}' , U(I;;l"SS ( III open house was reported by NAS OLATHE. ome I '),O()\l gutsts saw the show put 00 by

and, were gatht·rcd at jacksonvrlle Beach for the forth 'oming pageant. 26 Ii~ht{'rs (rom the NARTU Hew OVer till" bea .h. On the first pas~ they spelled out rhc Idlers f L A and on their second they (armed a gigandc anch r. The new NARTU attack squadron then joined in the festivities with low level ~ltta(k formoltion1i off-share. The event wus hroadcnst from an adjacent roofror by lIH; P[O, CO Priesrrnan, Z,\ck (' rnilin' [ark"} Mosley. the JUIlIor

CAPT, KEEN£ tIlTS

TH~ 350-POU~D

alR-THoA'!' CAKE fOR

GUESTS AT NAS OLATHE'S OPEN HOUS<

26

Olamb r of
IWIJ

.ornrnerce presulcnt

,mJ

radio .JflI10UnU,rs, who swapped the rnikc at fr~ljllL111 luter' ... . b i\! the coron arion ball t IMI n 'gllt, be:wl) bowl. lmmediatelv u.lrer MISS Roscrn.rry arretlter \V.L'· I rowned .1.:>

NARTU

squadron

flags bt:dl:l'ked

lhe

/\Ii" Flori.lll," il Iour-fccr-squurc h,rth,I,,), ..ake wa:> [01111,1out on the ,tJl!t'. AS5J.'itl:{1 by .ll'tail1 Priestrnan. ,\ hu h,Hl "-,,,I~J ..S He t the lud,gll" "Mtss Florida" cut the cake- with ,I I ;I\T sW(1 d. ] he lir't piee, \\'.l~ prt· ~l'ntl'U to the Honorable Fuller \X' arren. Dcrnocrnnc nominee for f(on:J'110r. who 1M two ).!~vc niB]' rnLi,e to the w eekend warric r s n therr second .111 11 I \·",f-Su_r)'. These proceedJn~s were wallhnl b} NARTU Rc,M:r\' (:;ts•• 111 oj whom h.ld hceu mviicd to the ball,
With all the attendant publu:it}, in

MEMPHIS

R£SIDENTS

HAVE BOX- SEAlS

AT THIO JOINT C.OMBAT OLlt

TRAINING

MANEUVUl.

ON

MUD

tSl,

the NatioDLII Guard Air Foret', C"JJue

LIuJing

newsreels,

radio broadrast

... lnd

~tori(:, flatu rally the nc 'l da}'-s opc-n 110Ilse lit the NARTU was ,l Freat success. ThL' ocrasion \"h ell· !\C\ xp'l[wr

to repulse [he "enemy" entrenched on I heir fronl docrsten, Amidst thL so\ul~1 of explosions rockin}! t be ;H1:"a. f,l;' ,r. Helldtoers alld

slaudll1:g opcranon was tl:Hlt undertaken by C:VIR.--IJf>, which moved to NA Mt(l.ldl for t 1 days. Th(;' ,r;tonp opcr-

!lhlXc,1 by a squ.rdron
which

bl'"~lJty contest, in

A I'Niger,1. Huwn by rhe aviators

m>l.ll} of the pag~illlt contestants 1'1;1 rncipated. Wiom:rs are 11l)wIl III

the k.ld ptctun: with the squadron I1hmders who served as judg"~, left to right, lht:y art, Mi . B. H. (jui~l (VMf-IM). Maj. 1'. Mobley:

comFrom LindMiss

Rogers,

C Miss B, Harkey (·'Mi~ .. WlLtl!k('nd Warrior" ,1Od "Miss FASRON-15~"). Lt. '-Jr. H. Gittings; 'Miss P;lt Red (PA,RON-5 ), Cdr. LcRo), Johnson, Mi"" P. A. Jackson (CVI-52). m.-l Lt. Cdr. E. fisc-her
(,VP-l\tL·3tJ), 'LL Cdr.

J. ) erringtou

from NA: MpMPHr~' Air GrQup ')1, swooped down (1) rhe Lugel from all directions. Fightcr' and bombers of the defend'"~ for(e~ tore In 10 opp 'c:: them. 1111' air w,,--, alive with 100 attacking and defendinj; (lir(r!lft. Undef dose ~t1pport pro, ided bv Marine Air Reserve Clln"in. Around forces of the Army Re: ervc, the National ,uard and tilt" .oast .uard AU7'Il.iary balked by the NI1\'y'S Sm(nn' Reserve, hit the "beach" ilnJ met the "enemv." This. was the climax of a practical
two-day war game problem, in which

em

ated as 3.0 auronornou unit, simulating ad vanced bast" cendrricns, With the station I rovidrng berth ill and me:;:;in,!: facilities. ALlant:~\ VR,72 ,1111/ VP'ML-51 provided support, !lying down enlisted per'iOlltlc! aml (:qu.ipmtnt. Ernphasi was placed on live gunnery, bombing and rocket fi rlog, since Atlanta has 110 facilitit5 for this type of practkc. With the support of
rnaintenance and ordnance personnel, sparked br the work or 11 stat.enkeepers who acromparned the group, some (i.n bours were chalked ur dur-

Memphis War G,ame
\X'hl'tl

Training

Mlld Island .. right uH Mern1~11I' in ihe 1\-1i~"lssiPri River, was "Ill' \ ,\lJcd" last June, Navy. Marine. A ir l'orre and Army Reservt. H,1I1ke.j hy

the Reserves or all services took part, The •rtion Wil>; 'it aged If! full view of rhousands of local resrdents, Approxirnarely .2000 mea, 100 uircraft. olliS some 4 bmding craft and 6 Lew's were engaged in the operation, which simulated actual combat: conditious Purpose of these rombined maneuver W!lS to maintain "a high degree of coordination, training, .. nd liaison amon,l{ a
the marw Reserve unit in rhe Memphis

area:' The winner, according ro newspaper reports, Was the public 'Whose live and property were rhus assured protection by well-trained Reserves Naval anu Murine personnel from N A MEMPHIS played an important role. In addition to (lit' 29 aircraft. under the command of Lt. dr. F. P. Jl1LUbs, .ITn and rhe 16 Cor.rcrirJ under Maj. W H. Crnaicr, dmt rook ~:lIt In the arrack, the aJr coordi na [Jon 'of the Whole operation was directed by Lt. Col. W. A. Kurerich, CO c f rbe Iarine I\ir Decacbmenr.

June Cruises
un TO

Cover Continlent
A"LANTi\
<.:S.

Squudrcns from NA funned out LO four Jlflercnt
CO ClAIIK~ GIVES THE Cf{APlAIN PECK

their June tramm,c alii.

(01 Most outplaces

,ng the period. ln addirlon to supporting this group, members of Vl'·ML·51 tn, tie two navig.ttiOnaJ hops to Bermuda, renewing their kill in eperation of Loran, r-adar, cornrnun iration and navigation t!quir' ment, They also spent (OUl days conuucting bombing and t:;lIunery exercises at NAS PEN5ACO A. M anwhile Atlantn's VF·51"L amI V!"'S7-L made several gUfln 'ry flights ar NAS JAC~'-;O 'V1LUi, firing at tnwes! targets. Reservists from NAS LA TH£. another tation that lacks nearby target areas, also look part of their training enl lses in rloriJa. A mass trek to Wl,lting Field for Iour Jays of gun· nery lind instrument flying Was under. taken by 21 officer- and '-)0 men of \,P-ML·{.~. This cruise ,,1:;0 included nos» country llit<hls with . top' ar Mi.urri, Key Wc,'it, Jax and Memphis. Under th~ command df Lt. dr lack Kitchen, 16 officers and 2-1 men or'VF· IN·A and v A·(,Ci·A undertook it six-day gunnery exercise at NA~ FlO. ACOLA. Fhi WIl..<; tile first cruise [rom Olathe moult without the .d,d and ~urtrvision of a .tulion officer. It was a decided success, with Hi seaman recruit amonFl the meu howioJ! a great deal of ininative in the mamteuance and arrnamem tiE aircrsfr tbrougbout the cruise,

Rcs.tl"!(:fcd

27

l'l~g.:

prurqrtmn'!

Wllh

dlgnil!lrlt·s

ulum~!tJ)' consumed ueur ly the full time uf l1oe.thirJ of the ~ ,Ililill pen.llnnr! ~l rosse Ul' Although it lasted ,101)' three days, tho pr e <lritU"n .ind I;luninS up IO(1k more Hilm .' "'wk. In JIJlIitlOO the ~bttjUl1 rLyed ho,1 to over ~Ll rransiem phne< 110wn 1111 to! llit e'~l1t f(lllli tht" COf.-1 S"IJ. CupLAiu Coni"". Grim:>", lie '-0. was conrdinnlor of lilt show
partJl;ipatlllg,
• !

\lvtr

the w\~rld

Jt

U'HlU

.111

record ae !l-IJNNl3A!101.IS, a b Jg tune IIP )11 BCI11I d h. On I'J J line. tht Iir~l day of the Bemidji Air DJ)" celebrauun, they cornnussroned tbcrr m-w AVU( A) with Lt. 01:) ulte .1£ cn. 0., rh~ ,«,,"J J"l' IIf the f("le Rear Adrrura t R,dlllTd Wh,t£iwllJ as minated Into 1I11 ( [lIPI'<'W~ Triln as "Chief Weekenu flouts [(,r
.;1

new

R-r:5('TV IS1-" had

W\,.niur
up'ltl.;d

"'''m~ ~~ l~""elve pUots
wel,

p-.!rr,·
WH ..
1111

co

plmSTMAN

H~LPS 'MISS HORIDA'

cur

CAKE'

w!lrKing J.IY and night shirt~, w~'I!hnd warners durin JlIm~ ]C!,!!..£cd 1.}77.l PIllIl

A::'

MI

NEAPOl,IIi-\I(.'itll

l,w1nlrmilocc

rn tlu, arr show, wlud1 1le_,Sl:J h, ,pnl<" ...~ (lOll 1l<'''rh.' .• };rl: J 11);11 ,lIth"ugh l1"mld,. " 1t,,~p1lalilv I~ t05n11{

Pi Ill!'
smnl],

trs

Wiliting Field W,H also booked durjune by the weekend warriors rrom NAS DALLII' [or wh.u turned nllt (0 he one of the best cnnses ever held at an aJ\',l11[ed base by Dnllas Re en ists. H igl!li,Qht of the DaJ I..L~ rrurse rUlture, however. was tht: !1ghter-d irector and air ;group attack exerfi."l"" wh i~'h W'I~ r onductcd with the destroyer COI'l') , CII Mil,' acted d the Jeic.11dmg ltircl'.tft. while A t't'lIg If. Helldrurr, ,lnJ Hell(.II r led the lLta~k,
jllJ~

Globe Circlers

Deluxe

Whilt,

lhf':legrlltlps

were A

~oLng

south, h(,J~adrons- from

CULUMIiUS

WeI'It north or their gllDOe-ry practin:, lTI,ikill_g some IS Rit:hl~ to AS GR(I~5E r I. E nu d I ts tar gel area, A n .we-rage of I" airt euft pa.rlidpated in each flight. Reserve transpert sqnddrQn~, as usual, wen: taking their· two-weeks annual llul}' With the At!anfl(' ,mtl Pacific ~Ieet Lo~; ucs Support Wings. VR 7"1 Irom NA, D",ILA", for example, W,iS one of some ~IX Reserve air transport squadrons b.\~ed :H Motfen Field for lnlihing .tr the same lime, This !c<~lu.J.d ron maintained a ulilly round trip Right ·dH."Ulde between MoHett and
Duriug thi busy month of
JUI1L',

THE HARBOR BRIDGE COMES INTO VlfW

AS Ttlil VAlUY

FORGE APPR'OACHES SYDNEY, AUSTltAllA

A
111;')1,

ROuND

Diego~wltb

{::J~·'!o.dielJ, Utah, (onducting operations With fu JIg ross loads, Like aU VR units, this squadron oper.ued !t5 f;u as
possible tare 0 as an irulependcnt uni], taking

Colony; Tsingtao, 'hina; iu g ap o r e , British Malaya' Trincomalee, Ceylon; ~.\S Taaura, audi AI,lbia; Tibtalbf; Norway; Portsmouth, England; New York and the Panama Canal ZoneTangiers,

Australia:

the worl ..l trip from ports of c~11 at

Hong

Konn,

British

SyJ·

an

I ffCl,ing (Old of orth China, Two weeks later. Ute sillp WlL~ back in the
Milhljr,j."ll

Spanish

Morocco;

Bergen,

On'all. Then in one: month the squadron tr~Yclled from the schrnals (sand<torrns) of the Persian Gulf to the snow storms. of the c indinavian region. eranons, which included night gualifiCI~ons in the Hawaiian area, Ihe on.!}' ac idents were two hard deck landing , which. rut th~e two rIJJH!~pcrmaneetly out 01 (OmrruSSIOU. Although the squadmonths an average availahiliry of 9 i'lf. was maintained [or We remaininl-( 22 planes. Enroute, a.1I h.m 110 received quite all education in the field of rQr~i8!1 customs and economics. They became quite adept llt barga.ining with na~·ive shopkeepers throughout the world. dealing in Ausl ralian, G:ibralulr and Briti h pounds: Hong Kong. hinesc and M.tlay,u1J dol, J~f5; Indian and Aub ran CLI r ecs ;
OY~r SiM

troprcs and the ralrn lndian

'~LHougho~t

tl~is long

period

of 0jl-

On the AtJanti seaboard, \'R.-7J from NS CH.m.LBUS also took a June rrurse, '1'11'1 received lligll praise from

its own line and flight duties.

reads like a deluxe Cook's tour, But [his 4!").oo() milt: ruise was all in the line of duty for the members of vr ..L!·... aboard the V{1l/ey Forg«.
Aerial operations included with Ihe Roya! Australian Australian Air Force and
maneuvers
;tV} ,

the Cemmsnder 0f Fleet L08istics Sup" port Wing Atlanlk on their outstanding perforrnan cl{]Jrin.~ this two-weeks trainin,l! at Patuxon! River. These are only a few examples of what Reservists are doing on their cruises, but the}' serve to illustr,lle the prarfitlJJ scope of Reserve training ut stauons throughout lJu.c country. And they Lcsliiy as, to the tim: (0 peration between Reserves and Regnlsrs.

ron was away from

U. S,

shore bases for

Royal
.

Statio" Round-Up
• NA GIU"'1::>SG lUI-The Af1lcric,.n Ordnan e A, sormnon demonstranon, lid.! a! elfridg~ Air Force HJW JUnng J'lne, W.l' II "millit)(I dollu extravnganza" III wh,dl Navy, wl1th-d
of
Air

the

(nn]l1n(lirm arrned [orces.

rn

Furre

and N,ltiI.Jn,,1 GUMJ units with I1lb~r r.morhes
'l'hc display grew
1<J

Mediterranean and eastern Atlantic, The -quadron partrcipatcd in simulated strikes, AP'~J rocket, bombing and strafHlg attacks on lowed .Ieds, and in aerial parade .. Ll'!l\'illg San Diego last October the squadron operate 111 II wide variety 01 d irnates and weather conditions. which kert- the men bLl.~r repai rin.g c cud:cJ cockpit canopres and maintaining rmper. inflation of oleos and tires. After lL three-months tuy in the Hawaiian ,lreo., U1C V.difl] Por/{e headed outh for ,1 visit "down under." Underway once more, It took len days to get from the tropical heat 0' the South Pacific to the

avsl Fortes of the western Pacific,

tile U.

pesetas:

handkerchiefs and cigarette holders to teakwood furniture lind Persian rug . Now that tbc s9.uadrol1. IS back i11 San

. S. dollars.

franrs;

Purchases- ran,gco [rom

orweigan

kroners

and

Diep:o, it's n telll relief to know that they don't have to inquire about today's.
rate of exchange
:it

the nearest bank.

28

JEEPS PROVIDE AIRCRAFT MOB LE POWER SERVICE

TYPE 'E'

A~l-PURPOSE

JEEP

HAS

HYDRAULICALLY

OPERAteD

WORK

STAND

MOBilE

UNIT

15 CAPABLE

OF STARTING

ALl

EXISiING

AIRCRAFT

ENGINES

or provldiug auxiliary 5e£"vicing aircraft- L" bc:in;.l: ~tL1 (l iC"(l ('xten~lve!y by Bu AEn to inl r use cffiucocy and shorten LIllO: lime required for uri! 5('(\'1(', HyJrllUILL power, nir power, Y:h ..uurn I"OW(;,f. l11U especially electrical P')WCr reguJ[(,nlents are beinl! considered, Thes~' r Jw,,:r ,.,upplres should be portable .mJ \ er'ialdt. The wide dispersion 01 aircraft and Iscil ities dming recent' hos(illtrc:'~ rndirated W.tt pealeLi.me methods of parkin~, ,efviuoj;. and op(;'mlin_g ,Ii rcrufl in II f)fOU r ntt paved .Irrolls or r,lDlps in till' lin me J ia t e v j C I n It)' of ,\ltCr(lll h,mpars would probably be Jisptmed with 111 l use of n:rurring llOStllttit'~, Air (fJfl \\'ouIJ btparkuJ .md servn ed III widd)' li'irl(:r~t'drevermen+ ,tn:us. Revetment ,>c;f\,j'i11g mean: I'r(}\,IJin~
HI;; ?lHJBLEM
fOT

T power

W il

b the Jesi he prrwided

ft'ti

!llr, 'r;! fl serv Ices may

1);l~I' h.Lf1t::tr serv ices, such all electrical.

air <ln~tV,I UWTl, t(l_gt:thl'r wilh rapid t runsportauon 0[' 0perJtlDI} ,11 .1!lJ mamtennnce personnel 10 tlH airrr., rl r,lrh:d ia ~\ldJ revetments. Under these conditions. mherently mobile f,ow<:'r sup' j111t'~ equipped witb Iron! wllet'i or four
bydrllul.il whee] drive become jm:rc:L~ir'lgry imporrt:l)Llire

two :;l:lnuard .ai r .raft balitc:rics, IS capable of starting all exisnng aircraft engines. Only limited procurement of this rype was made; however, steps <He bdn_g Type I rcvides J l'i ,oils. 21.7 amps, taken to procu re additional un lrs, 6(J eytle, slngl" phnse, nlternat Lng curThe all-purpose jeep, Type E (See renr in additiol1. to the 2H. 'i volts of diVignf 0/ L. S. Ndl'Y Al1'fJlJlw(! El~(· tell ruereru, '[1]1$ i1lteIlutin,g current tronhs, J line 1r)<ja. p. 2]). slipplies Is ~ conven ient surply for the cperation .Lltern.1tlng • urrenr, both 60 cycle and of Hood lights. test equipment. solderillg H(1rJ cycle, direct current, compressed irons, etc., thus provlJUlg su hlH.'nt air. bydnmJ if and 1':1(UUIli systems, compower [or interim operation of an ~IJ- plete with inslrument», cables, linl.'~;wJ 1.IrK hose electr ni, ~ltQf" Th ese unitt. fitling' f c onrrolling ."Inri tflm~tt'rrlllg r(·tlLlTfC onI) .1 porlLorl of the availubk, these serv ices into aircraft :>1 stems, In "JJ.iLi{ln. 1100<1 lighting, Jfue:1ing ,1nJ fire lightrng acccssones, II hydrauJicnlly operated work stillld 11n(1 built-i n tool ~[ontgC' compartment are provided, This unit W.IS prolOlyp~d tit the Nav.11 Aircrafl Lldory ,ll1d h.!stl:d III NAS Patux(;11 t

A series of lint' III ,I in tenancc II.'CPS, Types A, B, C, end D. have been (Ie-veloped ;mu pl.u:ell in service TYr~s A and B I" vide 28." \ olts of Jir('d current or starting aircraft and serve as ;J mobile auxil rat) J ower supply rOr ervit mg elertroruc and electrical equipment in uircra It.

ellgme Iiorse power La provide the des(;rib",J m:ct;SSMY dcdrimJ services, Type 0 modifies Type B by removing the pTe ent single generator drive unit and add iog a double generator gear drive, Thi unit. operating two R-2
generators in connection with One or

Rrvc r, .

t.mf \\ here uperations
on 111'.1.. \ elore.!

their ml'

I('n.1 in.

Past experience wiLll the leer h.15 rn')vc(l it tu be the ruost desirable unit for <;ulh w rk. lts low alt rition rate
and
del

case!' of rnamtcnance

support

this

isi 11. The GO hI' jC(lj> t'llgine with il~rower take-off permits Its aiternate use as a stationary eIlyinc for drinn,u various cornblnarlons of aircraft genet,ltors an d.' or similar utl('~sories whereResltiered

DOUBLE

GENERATOR

GEAR

D~IVE

Of

'0'

JEEP

Mere Ullit~ muy be produced, deI ending on the result of further tests ut Patuxent, Preliminary report~ irldi,HI: th:!.! tl I: Type E jeep or ;111 irnrron,d versicn thereof will provide fa(11!til':; 111',<JtJ 10 maintain and operate .11 rcrulr If1 ,tnn from revetments JIlU will a 150 permit the lnterun establishment of \imittJ mainteuarn e for a group 0[ au(1'l1 fl. pCl1 Ull!Ig the f:',~tllbl1slu:!](m t of permanent base i.'l('iliti-es in Forward areas.

29

P4M
lu.

Fuel

Sysfem

Lighted
t"llU'

'p<:( iJiL'cl
.-IT

w Illl"'l'I"

in.u]
-'!

UIlIOA

rjl,,'t~ of Uu m·w Murtw Ma,.I1,"",

an ".h.litic1md

t"Xli'~ml'

twjn-r."Li[lmr.::l!int:-caMil>~ 1'~I.tn\1 plane "'11.1 have to fuce n somewhat wmplt'" 1/1<lIuHlUH !'ilnc! A.1L1Ullg ,,11i,'J little: [t("[U" I"

(",nS<:"tJmntly.
.1 ,:tWt'1.i

I'dbuc

the (nst r,,]ler., t" the Navy.

\'«mb cr..,pJ,,\,~
'C

d"slJ!n~..J "- substirnte

,ull<:r wi) ~e\t.wn: "f ,ted ,hurling

b con"J'L~ (,f with II ,'1(('1

remember, lhcre i_, ,I rn"U,"f 1)1 ""gilt Jjfr~r.. nt fuel t:anb. T" ,ital.,1 if) IiiI.' 1I1~~( HI S" 'tdu;;, In till.' fuel S}'.~rc·m. it dj~gr"_m !)f Ih~ whole ~~IUll with the .]uel sw jtd,~, imp,,,t'<i f" spu\t<;:.J
dMhl I1ctv.,,'t:fI tilv plots, The contrul F;Jnd trnces wrth illurrunated p-,1th, Ib~ COLl\e the JIG lOC~5 CONTROLS DUlliNG ROTOR RIGGING

b,'J" boar a round th, ~h:11! 11 nd 3Cl-U red to tbe ,h"fj hy '1'1)t wdtiinJ;, These r,,,IJ,In~ WCTe manu t·:J.~tllred :11 t h.. ~I-,u inn ,t! l(jw 1!l.1l- Illt <ch~duk tLl be met .mu ,;!_v!Og uprmJl"ima(~ly !(\\l'/~ ill cost,
VMI'.l~'1. EL 'fORo-Afttr II pilot pl~his "liJiIJrun, in .In C'mo.gCIKy. attmnptc'd 1.l1'Isuc(e"S,tl.Jllylll i<"tti>lll~ the CJI>DPY n( MI f !IH. eJncI1l~!1q' t'.;'I'\'PY r"r"",cs ClD all airHa.Ft we", '''' .,'t11-('lr,,,1 nlld in .. maim,.), of csscs deh{iend~,; were found 'j:'be- q,hlt· In lhe l{t.c;, parr (If the (;Inllpy· I"d.' out Ilf thL· recessed IWJ<lVf;' dc~tgn~J for I!< prop c ..,yd. It W;(s Juund. It ,\,Q S ,hi· pl'~'-Ihli'- ill ·k~~p the ,,,bl..; lil the _gnlOve hernuse orr v•.,.",tinTl~ in length..-nd \ ihJ:ll'tll:m ,!\Lnng rl!~ht. T.!. CL"~J'I·l 13 Sci I "'1111< l~ Jt-Vdupoi In lJC~ ",h!d! ~"I"l>J th~ diffin,lry. He JCll8-GCJ ''''"' ~JI,:!JI dip, whj,h W<·IC iMfJlkd I,n tIll

Canopy

Cable Gets Guides

Flig.ht
Hl!-2,

Control
bel'n

Rigging
<JU

Jig
r..Jt.
wtll

LJ\Klilfl"I~'T-AfI~r

,( rnauu asscm-

bh

I..,:.

n,pl ..~t-d

an
jll(.

H<I·IS·1 u I n

ir ].'I; ,01,,,11-;1 inevitahle thul require ~,qusll'm'nt_ on,,,

i~ lf~cJ ,u(rO'~,f"lly h) Squ .ld run 1 We) III locking
"ggll1g Ih" to!iI
fIlIL" tl n.l

p;umed henHc.i"-"I"t<.'r liidity
the contro Is will h, rna in rvllJl

the HU'tIg

tr"

1"1". "Id method uf locking flit' mdd<::r peduls inl'"lvl;'d r1ucmg ~ [,,,,,nI a<:mss tfuI Uti.!!"1 pe..Jnl.. .!I'.1 II'; rI.g twn "C' dllll1.I)~'
Adj1l51ing and Ind,J11S lilt ((J)ltJ;{1I ~Iidr in required pos.uon WM dune by 5Iiiling IUPL and 'tt!1nbud.J" Olk'dl4n ism ~edll <:J hI I IJ-, fue-l Whel' II switch n wrl1(.J 1\5 p<lrtlnLlUf Iightcd gu, wot... Wlwll t-Ill' "'''tILh .5 "111>'· tht' IlSII(o;J lint' i~ uru,!\,h'n [rurn tank Iu t'-lLginc, Tbe /Hl·t~"tu. ,~ powered by- two P&W 'i3I\O-':![) Wa~jl A-1<1JO( ",n8iLl~~ and twn AII;~vn .13.1 let'!>. Thu tC-'llmihg I1f the tWfI pm· i~ Innc,1 ing_

GIl-in by FII'I, . damps. ,.1;, 1lg d,-,.ig-nr·,[ >Ind. u~f<l bJr til;" ~m"'tl m".rwtt at~.... H k1cking ,Itv,(~' for hUflJ rudder
p~d"
(-;1.11

c:

"IT

I[

hJn.ks

nut

'os

and lOmr(lJ

stick,

umfrl)l

Sf leI. Ilngl(O,

h~ measured I"QgiludiJl:lIII' "nd IJtcrully w ,tl, rnnre il ',"Ut". q' IlM ltIorlqlJ1~kJI' llt""'LI~<: ot the p"'Hwe ndlusrable tucking J<:vJC~ JI1. l"fF'l(JrJt~d II"l [hI; ... 'ding !u.!"" J '" BI~Aer COTl1mt'nl-The eomrol k.",Jr; d e..-toribed should beo,f val"" 10 :.crivili ....
dllu;ged with t.he mairnemmoe

pulsrun

helicopters,

or

HOJS

'n,lnll\1.·r"lt punel ,.. iru lude ,,-,,1.1, ft,n"~1) flnn,1I instru mem dnLls and !N ind If~!(lJ'. Iidlll'l:" this panel, a p<:r'nll~liIV 11Hi( 1< "I re,ldy ~~lHl wnu ld proh.l hi y ,h~ rter GII:'l' t for schiznphrenia,

·'pt(.'IN

rnukes

It

n~t55.lr)l

fot

the

(VIP

HOLDS !It

CANOPY

CAlLe

n,1

RIGHT

GROOVE

Riders Hear GCA Over Horn
VR-" SEl'>lTI_E-J\ snull loud sp(.-~kC! <>1"1d,-,wd III 1\ "t,,,JtD ·bl)" h~ h"'-IJ J(.'velul""J
DI' A!rTm.mRu" Five IU be used m Ih£, (,Od::pI! in Ii·~'u of tb~ extrn 111ni used to be ('"r· r led Experi!l1clll'; hll'>'t' Hldi c:ttt<d th.nl lhl.;

Problems
NAs

in 'Tin Con' Jobs

rormer

t ill r~"·"r;5c,J gru,,'·c'. Te,,'t., pro;",d

speaker can be "Klended hack !TIm [he mum
<,thin of an Illll with .!Cllp!" vnlume for pn<;:;el>ger p,,-r~r,nl>~l [(1 httlS tr.lmmi""i"n, hl;:lng
brl.l"d{~SI -~'H;h ilS

SAN DIE!!;Q-O",; ,,( 111<.'r~_,p{"l.,ibjli. rJ~5 IIi the Puhlic Wurh department rs till n,n.~t rudirrn or variuus Iypn of srruc t ·Ulc:, jn .' ~.lft und dl'ic ;ell[ nuumer, 10mng 5tH 1j, 111 fur(e~. FltbrH.;at11>g "tin rans" for pI eserv,rtion 1)1 "ir,rJft ha~ r"j~cJ pr"bh:'ITI~ in PI"" ,jJ Int; ~ baLfllla.:J .sdiedu le of the workiQ.,!' One I"'pbl ~m. ~er,_"ITl j ngly t.rh'l,d. W,'.' I h(· rec"ipl at V"-W).l)S times of Ibe V2" x I 'Ij .. I>i 11(·, o",~d"J (II.r l h,' p.o lI;("l. TI U,&\C we re ft,;dVloJ In k~'li "pptlJximr,jl."l-y loon b"I!~ whJich 1l"J th~ I>u t$ fOl> "I> them, ll, V~ re<jLLiring thai po:r,;t"\nnd b~ .m;igl>cd In b",,~ the 01.lt~ off Ihe hDlt~ I:>eCQre 'tlley (.,,,1<1 b(

trades involved

tll~jI worked and diln'rl1lt.l'.J tilt ·'llhl~ Jjffi,ultT The .::lil'-' W~fC IllJJl' ul hght !!"ugt VI" wjde strrp ~Jmng stee] ~nd 'H~ "-t1"t~oo bv a y., ~ round-head sdt-t:Lping t(> ·"",);11 <.I.il' The ,."t>ll- Is .,nJlPp~J inl(1 the recessed .gnl<!"'- fmlT! fm.iJ<o ,iirnnfi wd:. PJt wJth the <,,1>,,1')' do __<J aud C"" be re,<<' m~l,·td b~ the >r1!11l' m~I!l, 1.:1.

or

_"ff,··'' . ""~

,,'!'

In I>rJ~ w t)[-,rLlJIl ;!ddll;r)n~ I 1'"lul"'1t' in tht ->pcah'cr. an aJ]1p!ifYIIl~ [UMt' W115 jll!;tp lied in Ill .. ~J1,.. k~ h"". 1'0!Wf'r J '·u lilt! tu be I~ ob· . Utlll, .... frnln Ih .. "It 1-. <1,r~\'fly bdHUJ Ihe t pIlot.

GCA urrr,,,,.;h<;,~.

or

B .. Aer C om m~...t - COl'"rcct·ivc <l-won laken. by lhe IiquadlVl1 i~«>I].~iifer"d ""[i .... ,factory p"ovirling th.e. dip insrolhltion i.'i lO115

.&

U,t'"'-'. This imm",.H~l!.dJ' (Teated >If! U ~h~J~JK",J SdJedul.. h"'C'lll'~ lOf the kll,gth I'i" lime ft· quirt_'<I to b.Kk the [luts off hy haind. 1'11" ~!lllli..i"n wac<; a p"~Unl"fi(; v'/wld,
mad, inernad" (., ~p~"d UP. the Wiltk. WIICrc;", oDe r.u"n was able- to '~m0'<: nllts lJ'''''' "nl~ 17~1l '" :W{)u bJ,lt. in a dar b.y hllnd, h) ",in., th" p-""omu,lk wre[[cch mllchinc j,C ('"I> h~ndl(' 7[lOO d d~Y,~It"ppjnll up th~ Ilptr.,· tiun ul'Proxima ~d y 4 0,(/';;h AI>other pmblem dewl(>pcd m regard to
llie

be perrn~ncru. [I) the eVen I the dip ;~ u~ed a temov"bl .. ind"laJiation. it is !~ommend· cd Ihal an AN 9J5.6 IQck w~$h,,-. be used j" conjUl"lct10n with the self-wping ~~'I',

A&R Changes
Tit",

A&R J"p(u·[mClll~l" Ov.t:rh.~u.1 alld l\e1iaUd t'p'Irtrn d:lt~, t'lf \oct iV(C !1 ;IY Iy. T h ,. Dew
uam~ ,~

-"I~vy f,:u ChlHl$cd Ih~ namt lit in

Name f·o O&R

h~I,,~ed

(Q.nned (It Aiameda-------all SC- i Sell H<1wk, lin firJI pl,lm If) b~ presd'/!f{,t/ "';<1 1"<· 1'<1.fUII1" park-hlg jmlCeu dJ I/;ir I1<1H4/ ail' sI4fir)n,/J boil/efl bJ (Mllf! aI/til
lft/lIt':f}

llJatii1lf!,

illN)

f/I!'fit

f1(.1f.lgt'

111111,

rna..].", of c-:I,t ste~J_ TId" Wil, ~uhrnjlteJ 1<1 fht; il1'Uluiadu r€ I·, WIth trJlllran~es to be met tn inJ;ur(> " kvd f(,I]jng {'j:>CI·d.litm, tar (~,st, .rnil d!l.I;~<·ry s(heduk It waS £o;111odlha[ the manu· fJC\UHT c~"llcl n<:lt fLLtl1ish Ihese wlllL'i q ,J idd), ""'lUgh for clfit i~'nt- I'>c(!-gr~ss l,f the prQieCI and wul.d l10t UWL't the (o/culnn

roller

<If

(a~t"r

W!t;ti)

WlU

Jt'.i""J>etl

to

b!..

IIldustri_.11 C5!<lh!lsilmCllf> and tho.. vanQlJS ~lt. ,rill! mdintename fllt;litk~, JJ(llh N;tvy :;,tnd Marine Corps ~rc "lfl'",ted. Cla~s A 0&8 Jeparfm~mJ5 1Il'Q locarN at Qupru~.t Point, lSlorfon.:, bkchurSI. Ja€kmn:vlll(;, San Dio:'SQ, Cbef.!'} PGln~ PCll~ao;()I~, Corpus' Chd,!i, Moffert Field. A!amedil, S~'ll1k aoJ. COCQ S{I!O, eLlS's B dOl1nrtnwnl> arf at such pltta:-s !IS P(;llrl Hnl'bll!, ClaM 1:

JC.'Krirth'"

(" be mOle moclc.rn lind of the- work bl:il~i! dlllHI boy t.ll~e

$tatlon~ 1Ike At.l!Hlt.a an_d Clas1r D -at adivirifo.; lik" NMS ANI'JAPO!.lS. AU will MIV he ,uUed Ol'"rhal.ll ,1od R",p~ir dCpRrlmt,m.

30

Mine Depot at YodVirgiola, rl:'rfDrrnS .1 larg \'flrj~t} o( work and $l;rvin's, one f themost sl,IlnJnc;.mt beins the 'upport or 11.l\l.11 tlvi:ltion.. Established in 19J 8.
NE NAVAL

T town.

AVY
[O(ltIOO

INE
Jddltion.
r

tlH,~ lJ LI!CJU of Orduanoe stat ion QC~ U ],l1:5 a rrnrt of about 1 ~ sc)uncl' rnrles

river, a site chosen as J on the AHJ.ntiL - eahoard where mines could be stored. sembled, IO;I,fL.tl. Il:$teJ. and issued to
till

th,~ York

suitable

f'r ducnon 1001l1in_g and _I...~c ~C'l11bl)' of all type rocket ammuninon (3" ur to I I 7~") was I.L major opl:r~" non at thi'" station. The Naval Mine Depot was desig1111tr;:J <IS the chief fm":iliiy 011 the At· lantic COU$t rur servlJlg the fleet WIr!1 "111tyres of mines d'uriJl,~ the war. In

EPO

5CIlICt.'!>,

as necessary.

the comrnand of Capt.un J. " Donovan. jr., SN. the: Naval M inc Depot IS a !>ourtc of su ppI}' I (J[ a It t)'1'cS of h?mb>. rockets, ,IJr('taft laid 111in I:S. aerial rorpedees, .11H1 4lrrrlf! fuzes ;111 descripeions, toaJm,!! ~II' crafl (;1JtiNS, their escorts and auxilow under

or

ships, W.1S .:tc(omrJishedJuring \World W(J.[,11 at the dcpor piers in recIJry

ord tune without

Gt~ua!tl>.

The

segre-·

19...J3 und 19~J·i hy asexplosive Icadrngs of various later types of, irrrafr planted mines. 111 1 f)·d. 5 (he depot 'urplicd mint rnarerial and techn iral assisrnnce J.J1 the ~uprort of the Stntcgi( MAne- Bloc kade of JJ'P31'1 by the 1\ ..cnlic!lr Air Force, l This operation included the. bying o~ upproxirnately 11,000 mines Til )'lpnnese W:UCtS and resulted in the destruction of ('nem) ~lJ!rpingestimated :it apWtJ ill
Jl1U

j.lnllM}' I lJol::! tht" Mk 12 Mod I mines (aircrarl I'Junred. ma,enetl( t p"') made their arpe:ual1 e. The:: Mk I~ Mod !

was foil sernbhes

G erman butt It:$hip "
the Naval Mine

The

g,ltion, overhaul, and ~toragt· or' 1l lYre's of h[~h e:o.:ptosive arnmumnon returned j rom the Hec~ Jlt the dose of the ~ ar wa major irnportanre and al 0
invnlved

pro

im.ltd}, one million
N LA;"

10m,

or

the

5'towul--'l! of

ammuniuon

I ormed July
ate production

J 9+/. thl

that IlI,JOllj)

Dwin,~ 1t)4-4. a high priorrtv l,rojtct called Tiff.l Tim. i I. T,\" rocket, WI1S inaugurated hy lll'OI\Ll. Origln'IUy the head for thi.~ major caliber aircraft ro ke; W,IS constructed [rom ,I 'i00POWl.! AN·M'sA, "Af' bomb. The bomb .. were rh n sent to the Navy Yard. \l'a.sh-

durll'g the overhuul of ~hif1~'

'tJ.tIOD was indtl>ited to inililoadJng of the Br-ush

tion.

for ,tbc l,urpose or servicing sh.jp~ based In the • orfolk area, Due to the increased t mpn of l'IC rial. warf are III t.lie PaC ib~ , J nd the (On truction of new G1HH:'[~ and escort carriers, aircraft torpedoes were: ~birrt'J to the depot for overhaul and distribul>ti\JN effort o[ tht; terpedc shop by I yrl., was beln;01 d i rected toward the overhaul .rnd issue of aircrafr torpedces (or DI:W carriers :lnJ for escort Ali

1040, was rrimruily

Dt'rot, Yorktown torpedo shop. ronstrucred

11'lutz

were fi lh:J dt
111

il.1gion, \ here: they Were modified and
returned to th e Mine Depot as 11.7"" TO kL'l l:1e.IJ.s, Mk I Mod L turh or the .ld ivity of Ihe depot dUrlJ1M the fir~t half of lY'I'i centered
llrOUI1J

reached bj the end of August of the 'lame yell.r. These "Tall Bop" presented problems ll\ bamlJillJ,; and loaJin8 O\mj~le the experience of depot per onncl, Ten barricided pits were construrted to hoLd the bombs ill verucal PO,It! n during loading, 1111: finished b rnbs were 10 ded, six to a car, all gondolas for
transfer
00

12,obO-f'ound "Earthquake" the rate 1 ~O a month to be

ur

bomb

at

T
CO(l.

carriers

bem!,! converted at various fiast In numerous rases th . torpedo crews f these shlr~ were \5-

t shipyards,

signed

temporarily
war

to rhe depot for in.md rna intenancc

to the port of

shipmcne.

Hand-

1l.7<''' rocket heads, Mk 2 Mod O. U} June 190.('1. the monthly production of these Iud reached !>atj~f;ltlory levels. rn

the !o;ldinS and 'ls~ernbling of

ling ge!'l1" for the bombs was de~i~lf1ed the ~t;Jlion and manufactured ill the
Washington Navy Yard. The (om-

or

struction In overhaul torpedoes.

maud IIIg Q~1i(er WIl$ i of orrned by the Bntish Mis~ioll that '5{)% of the bOfilb.S dropped during the raid which . ank the

torpedo fielJ units were estahlished ilJ1J the necessary oper:lting eqcli.rmcnl was assembled at th i stat ion [Or sh ipml·C1l. Crews fQ[ these units also were sent to

Alo. tnt:

progressed,

advance

b.IS!::

the depot for instruction in the use of their equipment prior to assignment to

advance bases" At the conclusion uF the war, torredoe- rom de ornmissioncd ships in t'd~ area were turned into [he mine depot

fer overhaul.
World

\Va.t U aw Ole introduction of II wide' \'arid), of new munitions by the Navy, in~rodu(jng serious problems or
Dew tec/1I')i9ut's. production control. per· sonnel train ing, andequipment developmeat. This article ha sketched (h.iefly the physical assistance gi ven to naval aviation; it tS fitting also to rnentl n the valuable assistanre indirectly rendered by the Research and Development sect-jon of the Naval Mine Depot

l'1reser arion and stomge.

in the development

uss

ANTIETAM

GElS WAUII!IE

lOAD

Of

80M'

rY~,e AMMUNITION

Afl'HE

YORI(10W~

MINE DEPOT

and Joadiog procedures, The postwar mission of tlll: depot continues il:.5 5Up' port of naval aviation, with its activities, of course, geared co the current needs.

or

new

explosives

31

f ASl{J .....·1 19, P,.,clI'j[--O_r""ruolJ:; de!'mt rnent lms ,tJ\~'d the problem "I water .ll1 ,<:.j\l)lim A t.mkei 1l'1t'1l1!) .t'·hyt'f~,1 ,I .arg .. "I 1 1<; [1" 1>" 'lljJH' .1l'l'j,rt-lldl' I til ' 111;r1l1:c1' ,,-III, \\HIt" S 'did tal";:·I_I,f "tl(; ,IdIlIC ,hl< r" rn,~, "~f prupr-r luel. H](:· pruhlern IS (,cill_C me! hI' rncLI~ull'u~ .iucnu ..n t" IlJ.' truilurs, t:clU,_1l hcing ~uulldltt! hy 1",,1,' 1I1<1;(,1(w $ rrJl1/ til lill;rrg !n JIJ'~~" that it is free of water. After filiLng, II second ~mmding i~ taken. If \\'(III:'[ i~ rte~CJlt in l1JlV HI~lrt:. i~nll: tjl'J IIII t)', ,I >rl'hoil PIf'1! i~ IMcrted InlO tht· t.lpk "nd the water Jl'lllltcd, An}' rc,iJlJ;t1 arnouru will dr~ifl nut thilillKh the \1',' ter vent 01 t.h~ mrerna I segregarnrs De~lgo ,)1 lh<.- pUI11ping system i~ sudi lilllt If water is jvresent tht pumps w <II not fl.lll'~ uun, Wh,," thl OCCUni some Jiliiwltv mav
M~(,_ In g~tlin8
I~

Fasron

Licks Water

In

G05

them to funcnou lIfttl \V.Jtct removed. A tmd M!(I~I-t"'\'CT~r: the pump_, frUIT) pllmp'l18 in suction b)' shrlting the \'lllv!r>. tJl'eJJ g.I'jolinc hoses ,1m! IL1: tl,..
s)'~tlm

t_kc (III"". Thou SWfI ~~lv~'i bark tn 1 umping, Thi$ usuull wJJI I.. usc the ~\·su.nl tl) pick III' Ill!; !,tlmlllng h)ad 10 " IlHtI1l:d
ruauner,

... ihlli"t'r C mlHllelll-1:'he an wer t•• ~I)je and sueeessful hnndlillgof J:l1s<llinl! li~.in

Pictures

~ho,

steps

111

makll1,1S the relief mar
patterns

al

A

DI'NVfn-Fir

t

.....locum

to be trured from the baSIC map. 1 ext Slocum Lllrdull} rub, OUl the patterns which lrave h~"'11 l pied onto the wax, Lt1 1'i ure three. he melts down !II(! l~}'l;r" ot wax to turrn mountains and ridges, Finnlly Slocum ;J.nd D, M:J.dd(}x even up the contoues Of) the map, a') Captain H. L Hoerner, rornmanding oflu er or the n.t\'.l.1 air sratinn, look~ on .lrpro~'ingIr.
dl$CUS~

and Lr, Lanius

ousidcrably moee than handling segregn. tors, Immediate steps should be rukeu I insure that such amounts of w.ller are d~ rected and separated at, the storage puint and noe delivered II} 11"1lI:Jq;.

Stud
t'nftloc

Removal
f

V!t,"4_ Mew

f.'IT

EtI!l.V-Bf()k~n hecnus

lig Developed

vnn are invited to take a look- at the relief map b<::il1g constructed in the .1\ itttion techmcal tt'Jlnlf!g department, they usually groan "Oh, not anot.ber mal) of the Tokyo rf'gion" ami resiJ!u themselves to looking at Lilt: ume type of thin,; they haw seeu hundreds of limes before. Thcrr boredom turns to 111 tercsr. ho\ . ever', when th~y discover th,{t tJl", m,rr under construction is .. terrain milp or
the

W

MAPS
HEN

members

of tilt.' Ocganized
al

Reserve

squadrnns

~A

DEN-

Iajar, the t ombin ,t( ron of ocean, flat Iands and r))QUI1hllOOU<: country was ideal. The technique hcing used, while not new, differs from 111at employed most oflcu for mnps of this kim! in Ihut 11 rubber mold is not used. III ord r to provide n map large:

A MODE
n:JIltIJIJL~, all

IHun,"5~ ~!uJ,~

H~'"H'ln-JII) !Oil have sometimes resulted In
(JWDgt',

(r'!N

$[t}' lit ,1f1 eosine

i.llnilion Ihe R-~llOO the necesnf either

lonbility ttl remove sud replace stud or U((J. d~I1bJ ~i!ri"u5 dal11'llFt' (0 lh~ ~118inenose ;1:,I t;('II. The cumbinaucn (lr JI!'!ILl1Ig with ~ parbcularly stuf>h,jfO brokeo stud in the haste of trVJIlg ttl make Schedule or having 10 dn 111(,' "h outxid j in had weather or in engille c hllll,gC pl()I',d~.J rIP irrepnrahle du rmtgt tv ,-ngll1e resulted from uucmpts to remove the hruken ~II"I 'TI'I: Ii:. 'nn~i~t, of lOLdl) rn.'n\Lrll~tured SI':llIaI.,_SS sreel blnd<et'. one" whkh is ~trurtJ t" .1 p~il ,,[ 11',1I down ~luJ, .I! the .1d,aCctlt cylmder and the other [0 a srud on the .Q("C 'i.'dion IlJu('IJlln ilC'~I' lIPLl~ill.~" The I.fuel' br:lchi hJ. "",,,,Ilbl to II ,I V 16·,"!·j nut. wlulc ,lit· lerrncr Ii Ill~Jdv dolled 10 iH'c(lltlmoJrtte a ~ / j(j ""p screw.
jU"J

rhe dark called ....(lllhlt'limimll"

for n sure-tire thl" Il(?cd fur

nx which

enou.gh for lraLill,l!

;lirw;ly~

h".

'talll

-

1',1(0111.1

V unrou ver

wluch has not, to tht: bt;'~t klluwkJ,I;(..', been O1.lrped ut bcfo(l in th~ r.uticllJ.Lf 111 J n I1C'L

or

area,

j, t. Isabell. AIJC D. [I, MaJJox. All. '. L. locum. "'OJ, "I1d mctnb~<r:; of till' Org,wiz/;.·d Reserve squ,ld rons n:{ 0('11\'('1. When coroplel"ed. it wiU be used in ronnedion with thl: llJtra·~~)lljl..
ld ..

1)0,000 square miles. the m.lr IS hemg burll., Ul1JI.:C the direc ion of Lr. Paul B. Lanius, J\ Lltlon tt.:dmi 'ul traiulll.t: 0111-

Si m u Iat 1II~

,U! .ti'!;!>l

of "ppro}: imatel

r

"'>

traiI1l:r, as II uevice

for

tr.linin,g

ruJ.lf

operators and pilot~. The eatlle-T<ll-omOl- V.ilKouvcr JIe.! u.s chosen becauslI; of th I:! \fluid}' of the terrain. For purposes of relining in

map was rephotographed by the [,Gwry Air Foret Base Photo Lab and wus blown uJI to the ~I.IIJ t' of I 'I (j inch to rooo f eer, Tbe outhne 01 the country· side ~ :IS traced off this Onto a. hu'"gl"' )lJl'\!l of ~1i1 ,til( bll'lC of lh..- map, The mountains Wt.:fL then l onsrnn tcd of luyers of dent.rl \\:1-"-. l'.l.fefulJy ,'ut 10 <ize, mdlt'J down 10 t!i\'c the ('(lr~t'('l landscape outlmes and then covered With oil·base moJelling ell}" After the wa: rul eLl}' hild Ihu'Jt'lle,J, .'111the l!lnd area was ,:Ol'ered WiUl I'HIlish tlod sprinkled with s:1nd to .!(iv(: lilt· 11~I.'tSSary rough surf:lce.. C:~tles '.vere In· drcot"d br arc:as covered WIth tll.rbOfr.lt1 Jurn, ,llle! the 0 '''';Ins :tnd rivers WNe lufl bb.nk on the map. The map, , ilcrL u~ed with the ullf:l' 50LlLC trailler, will ro\ i.J" villuabk training III use of radar foe l110 shoreb:bed Org.wized ~t'~e.rvist~ ~t Denl't:r,

m~r

iin,d a "<:'10"11 ,Qli<",I~ lIr bl.l"k<: nut welded on L ijllur LUll harness hnll.kd. and drll kd hr",kd. .rll Iit'lJ to· ,t;:elht'r hI' .' '/ll>-!-'1 (,II' :M~W (\\ 1111 d'itl~J
(with h,,,J
1']lV 1m ,a:iH\'Ulg).

Tilt,

Tli c IIX

1'1.1;;

I11nnt~,s ",,,./d re3lllr~ hULlr~, 1I1Jtcrwl. i,"d j!r.:l·

tl I"glll

",tIl

III Ito 11I1\l'<; 111 rill

h.IiI

S.;j'"1,"1~ in 111.ln·
;ilL

p.",

been

cin-

~l.!\l!rJI

("-!I1.Id.

"Link
01'11 Cflllll'kl"; hx ~.~~rnhll' .tad ,tsSbtlatc<d ,1J,lwlng~ will 11, lUI nl)hcd ttl ctoy Sljlflldwl1. nn l't'Guest. .i. 8"A~T Cfll1lmlmt-A modificaljon in. tll~u(_'tjon is in pr cess of being issued which require due sbockmoum brll kel in-

corporating flex iblc COllstmCtioo to eljm. ,inate 5trl1S"~S be installed to .eone this rvpc Igni,]on hn."cs3 developed. III Moffett.

32

New Ban er

arge

Launcher

TOWING

E '4D

THESE

MATERIALS

MAKE

UP NEW

BANNER Sic!,

LA.UNCH

SYSTEM hlilltt".·

ON

CV PLANES

CAN ON LEFT HOLDS

row

CABLE, WIITH BANNE~

ROLLED IN &RACES.

RIGIH

toward eliminunng the danger of 1l,lng: h,;nrler gunnery I;.ugt'tl< hy uc"clnl'ing .1 'Y ..tel11 of launclung 1[,1'111 when the tnw-plune I~ .lit· burrre iML~·.iLl "I .It;lg,,inl': tilL IJ rgH I,jf 1I1l
1IAIOt 101)1' I(I('lund,

B

ha~ taken

a

l"tll:d. ,\,6A c r- ~\tu R g,j,A.l,,'LUG"S;l1 01" It ,.j-/\ '-,I_all~G';,l: wpl,lIj"Jt. ~!(f"l)' low ~" sem 1:.0. II U.I-W.9080o: :! target ..elease ,-jnJlll, Mk 7. II \14,BlIO·!,(q~'I.

{"nt,uner when mourned (,!) the pl,me, .J1l\l b", un'" or surhcrent length tn reach the plune '"'''' rd~,ISt and h hugel, re.~L'e("liHI\" when
rnuunted
1111

Maillfllu!iOlb to the tow [.J.r£d container wn>rsL 01 .ll~ fc'mm olJ N jJ1C hardl release lil1,: "ad ,>in. arul lilt: two bungee «1ft! ~I""In ,!.ltd 111 Lht mouU, uf 1111: cnntaincr The lk 'i SW;l' braces are modified bv bend In):. iht .1101' intil .1 U hnpe, With u l"IolO(t II) ., 'I;~" between the artns, This lli>t~n c~ j S n"l l I'll'Lar, hut (UC shnu ld be talon to in lure 11ll! lh~ b,tnn~r target, w ben rolled fill [,lUllthio~, will 5t C1l$il} intI'! 5pdLC between. A kt1gL11 o{ Y:o" bungee cord is fastened I tween the arms til hClIJ u.e bugt'l In place
Ipr.'<

the hnmh

rack.

'[he

rontarner

hatch

I~

close.l .'od secured

Wtlf1

Jr'~ht hr'·'l!.:-

Many II pJane- ru. ~ come t., ~nd over .1 pnioo uf ve"r~ hc~,1U~t' rhc rilul pllUt!cl "l'
, .. u ,hjlrf'l, trying ttl gO III(' WI'get up \\ irhour uraSglng it s .. that It tore Of 1h<.> cable uhrade.j f'"l.my" rulot gt1l ,I blntt" gumU'r\'

Ins (III'd

I ..r

NSTALl

111(' hlr$H .nnlll.ineJ' tin

lilt!

wHIg

bomb
lht line

rnck U!,J attuch
tu

the towing c.t1d the tow release. Attadl the

score on u banner

Th"ll

he ,h,ndd

)101~t

cau"c rc),brcs on the ground Pill /wlfs rn till' b"nn~t hunt( il was "il hrlrnr . l-IuAcr Armament DivIsion has developed u ,ystctn III hmnLhing the holnncr [filII] oru;

m~

b"m~ rl' k while the

II'''

l'l.hk Is i~d

,llIt

I,f

co n tnJocr on nnother rock The be U't<i nn P~F. P7f. ell}', SJl f. 1111 1'1I'~ equipped with Mk '>1 equipped wrfn a ltmtl.'r line L,,'IV «r lUll • IIII~ bomh r;1' k,

method CUI planes and homh f:l(b release post

and ;[1J In erecung it 00 release of the he ulbks. The ll~ cable as'~emblll)s (l'l'lSJ~t of .1 I!:ngth or lnw ell ble, une en.l "f ",hi~h i,
attached to the swa v brare arm, the to 1I Mk 7 MoJ 1 t, ~!wt release cing. other
OI'ClI-

tni"",.
~Wf!:I

~tnqdfll'tl

E"llium,mt

mill'

"",ull-",I for tlw l11-'lt"II.. I"I' ;, ,~t .t .qtn(\]~ 1"1 nil l,!U.tl~j.'.jtt' (.r~ LoW' lnl'lo;t't 1:0Tt1>11< 1 'Mo,1 4, R IH-llUO-l19'17H; awu b,..*,~. Mk i., rmd M,e Mit 1 !m!Y bracer or 'till'" n~l<lrL ""JtC. R ~1-It·D1~·2(j: I

.111le'lgth (If !:It,ll 'abl~ and rmg is P~/I". The cnntarner IS loaded III a norma I manncr eXl'pt that rll~ t\lrgC!t end tlf till' line.

willg hH m h I'a ck and Ion d the b riner t11[,gel lfilT> the 'w~y hr,,,'~ .lrn1~ PU~11 lhe urget firmlv Ill' ..garcst the Q'lIlgel! ,ul'd~. draw the ti (,,,hIe,, under Lh, t:lrst'l Dnd asten 11>(' release I'lngs tn 1 he bomb rack suspensicn hooks. Attach the rar~et end of the line to Ute hrld le eye the (up:et.. II desired, a leogth nf ~~fc:ty tr"' .. wc:hblng Can be used. La uuclung procedure con forms to smn-

1l1,,,hltt'd ~W.jy hr"~e~ t" the Ilppa.litt'

l1r

.IMJ

pta ,tice

A

climbing.

srandard

tntl;

ns \\'~'II l)~ tilt luwing end, IS r,;bln~'J oulsid~ till. Ct1I1L1Jrr~'f Both ends <;If the II fie ,II!I\lld unuS" [rum ihe inboard side flf 111\'

rum shuuld he made to launch ur IlQ indiull'!Od airspeed of 85·9} kts, TIltS tum sbnulrl lie Lllw;UJ I he side on \\Ihidl the buuner. is cnrrird. This attitude should be fIIajllhlincu UIlW the largd i~ Iully streamed. r~c:cnfl\ been developed h)' H. \01. uf <;c.: rtle NAnTU ordnance Tlus
I

Jets
i

MA _,I,

Keep

Rodar
POl

CHIHI.RY

I'-r-Tlus

M,en Busy
"",fOll1ld

New

Ammvnition

Counter

J, Downey,
shop, he tun
HH!f

m.,de t\'o I' demI'Il~tro.L!IUJ1~ L~t.l'n!ly 00 sepJj;!!e ol1Ca.,ion.s for Adnurnls BI.onJ)' and Duacin who vJSileJ

unrrul

illteotc(."pl squadron

}"AR'J.'U 5E,\1TLE-A simple amI efficient dt'vill.' fut counting belted nnununil iun hns

arnrnuuinnn

counter

can

lie

51.'11"11,

Both r'Hj,'r lntetcept Jemlln~lnltll1n~ were lughlv SU(t: ssjul, with .... lht 'b,I,\:t:I" hClo& rl.l,I1~J quite .1 drsrsnoe it{lltl Cherry 1'01111 AU rmnsnnssmns were piped Inw .1 limn'ruler, mdlldJog the instructums houl IIJI' r~,htr 'IrtT'UI"~ ill thl' r~.lr ""I.."ie CIt !l1~ 111 , til the pilot (11 tlie I il. .1n Ill' n11UlII~I.

h,-II "f ,llTlttIIJoiU .. n II. ~(IIUJludy usunt r.:.lIli I oun.l. It~ value JS (w"dokl:. u spL~Js up hue oper..Hlnn. whun the ar,\JJ;Jlt rumPUI.tt"'M .. r rnund-, rltNj is required, 1,V couruing the unexpended rou n ds, nnd, w hen
fx;lrrQj! J.11111ll<lIih,)n. the hdtlng l"olLhlnL (,III ht run l1IJltimwusll' nnJ lilt ~(Iunt,,'g,:kl't(;~ \I<;N 101' br(~lkll'lg' the "~It ut tll(' .l~$r.n:d

I""gll.
ht:llHl,l!
WI',lf

Admlrllls

"bk

Lu ulhiW ginning IQ t:nd.

I:lIJnur .HI I DUf1I.1I1 lV~rc Ih~ ''';,m(IIISfllrTun ff""1 h..·

11.[ rtlll .111\1 U IlH hJlle, wllidl In
Ihll

st(Jrr'*~ or
Tilln

lhc dnrci"~;
to C0n·

MId

'JlI~ mud

~111111Ullltion q1\lnt~t

i~ Siml,\t;

In "I,eral in,!; \\ ilb jet ni,,:.mft. lbi~ '<Jllinl. crm I"t~ f"'Jlld ill!dr Irigh Sfl~i'J In,,kl''< wntrollJng il HHle ltlure diJ]icwl L.lian wi(l, con· \1m ][tfIlL! pIIlJl~s_ TIJ~ rn.dlu.s "f IIUIl. 1)\'1'1'I\.lcing >peed. <lnd (In:.ing ';Jl<:<:d 111\1 ( he

and i. easil)' n1lHllli,tltllreJ b" nttJullling ~ [lJ1H1\lOg m~d,il1c With a star·v; hed II,L ,l I'i~'" III 'toiil1kss steel, ~h;lpffi hI sltue
Iht

uVl:r of
AMMUNITION COUNtER DEVELOPED AT SEATTLi

b -Il of 1111111Wnlli,'n

.l~

~hllWll

in

,<\.oslder~"(1
A I:nntmllnminute.

~"r~(llll·
ITlllly

\\'111:'11 ,·unll'l1lllllg

jet~_
\lill;ll

tlK lib "to pIcture °1" OI'C:I.ne the
wUlltC[) \['l!i~

h~.' hj, IHlnll, filiI
,If lr,l"C

!IVf' lets ~Fl' dnSJJlg

,.1 rate of
tIl

DcdsH.IIl<

Ix

12 mi Ir::s .1. Innd!:' qu,.!I,,_

bdl.

dcvi(c, h.lnUIe- (fpn II1J is p;ripped and fO.lId'l.nc JS nln The- [('rwnnl cod of the ma~l1i.tle
lor
t:.1Sj'

flare> pur ~li8hlly

[)po;<rarinn,

33

Hydraulic
"f
,\0

Test Stand

Buitt

.;1'\'1:

VV-M l-">-C,,ntr0nled

u u nl1{IJ~
litle:,

,\UI, It. 'iXl. Henderson

~~O, and n_ • .'irrtitll. _r., .~M~_ ;tli olft,l.:itud 11.1 Me.li urn Pi! tr,,1 5<I\I!ldr.m Pive, r-r(,,'t'~d ed 1(1 rcrnndel nnd rractico I1v 'C,("rutnJd ria: ~~d~t,1't1/. ~qu ~rmcl1t 11,,, <wnil ",nt,d '1~ ,II I''''''''';Lrj' MIJdl'

liYlDjltO'n,

with the problem Iw,lr~1.I1It te~l sl,ln<l, G, A. a~shl .. d ~;, H, (, Hrll.

.~ -,

f ree 1111.1"eJ11<.:I11 ~" ' w·rthi n r('ll~hi "S distnne" (It I he dUllt. The rntcreom system was II,~Jtil EO;' e the lHH'Iuby ~ignt!], "l1d ,J I,mg ring uf HI'" cm~rg<'nc}' ht:ll g;l V~· tlit' ~i_gM I W i~·IlJ.51,11 die P" ck, One 10' .1rul three 1~' stuuc lines were. used, ChUl('S dt'1lr~d the nmr"ft ,~1111"f'poared to npen 2'i'bo;ohmd and beluw Ir,t slabd i~cr. In I uturc dn "1'" 1 ~' [me'; "III !--.e
11>;<;\-1

TIi~iie

P'ARI5

IO IlEMOUNTABLE

'COCKPlr

L!GIH

Spotlight

Useful

In

Corsair
)1_ilo!, ,11,<:-

y M F.~ II, EI TQRO -

I!e~led ll!ilt ,lfI l U1~;~t<n.y .mJ..r it ,Illht I*i "'~t,dlc,J in rW-1 .urn;u.lt ",(;'£ ,,'v~ml r~jJurt.,; "I ",d'1,il .. r If:l.qll'\Hl1~m light, don ~,g ...ij:hl
nf'trot,,,m,, T'hc ~-~ dcpurtrncnt "urk~J tlLI1
oJ

S"-""'fJ I

li~ that
REM.ODElED TEST STAND WI Ttl ITS IlEVElO,PEIIS

prnvlde.:l

II

.J.J

merits rur the (flmpJet~ h~'J raul icrcst !If .1J1y H'fU rt em rl",yl!lS ~ svstem pressure <If ~()()II Ib" ," l><'I'~w. An ,.1Jv~r\'t'lge ,'f tbi~ ~L;lnd " rhe 'II1div"r!u~1 [<"IIDg Ole an)' ,t£",f,;tc unit

,n;lprtt1 "'., I" flff h.J<\ Til" nnrrenr pr"li~dl.ife of (1,lll1hling throllgh lhl 11'ighl Il,Lrno~s 1"1f the 1l;_IShlJ,ght nurmnllv t.Lrrictf by Illt r:,]111 i, n.H ;11", ,I)'~ ,nlt(luuv\,
Il'

lump th,~t muld (cd,ili·

hI;
PRESTO A,N') WATEl fIU~D 110MB IS MUFFlE,1t

or c~Jilld~r ()f the rl'lnt~'~ h),d!dull1: svsrem wl~h"ul it. rcu,,,v,d tn'l11 fh~ pIM\~, lip.,
bleedll1j<! of \,,~ke lines Ior Ill .. equipl11t!n!.
I~

;lllf'lhn

~"l,~y

I.-sk

Ill' rt'l'l,l(ln!! the extensron cor.1 nnd '~pnrJ.S I""ding the fridi,,~ .Jall!p 1(' fl,·,'ji1t,a" .n"l'pmg it (1fi' the I>a~<: It can bl' ,11,plll'l,l on d,~ ~iLI<" "I the radu ~"mlJk- ~unl-ml panel

in t., lnUb(f:m ,pcot lighl #. 5:;';, '<trIck #tl '7-I.';~'J-J,;J

An

n ighl

sAd"\, or comturt.

Water .'X' ~,"

FilIs Make

Mufflers

C~~d,
w~\

~<;

1t~1l1

11',,"Jifll.'.:!

NA~ <'tIlN _[)IEGO~}'1od,llCIHl0n (Of MJv~t>J ;lfld 2~ lb w.uer I>"ml" ttl rnu.A1'.,rs fur use (,n st" ndu rd trucks .uul J;1i(k-ups I",.s been ",ft... h:d "I :3 (0<1 ut S 150, whereas the x .W~'fug~ pw'rtJ,~w prire 1~ $4.~J) Cun"io:i",,-

,,1>1,' urne Olild expense L~ """cd
'"lion
"j

In the ",,,dl.titmn~porl(1twn

.. BilA cr CQii'ltfli."rll-A .tes[ stand of' 3400, lbs, is .waUaE:.l" (rum ~\JRpr}' ehannels,

~,J"

I, )[\\'.1 nl of cl lillll1'I.1 n:I

~l"W\lg.· 'pllu:, 11111h~

these

uluf!ler,

In the

Photos Spe,ed

Overhaul

Job

r,r the dc-ctn<.<l I ~pntf{ll hox O£,[" !Sit,the vult-ampere meter, ur <1<1 the side "f tl't' lndi""d !>"nci lI!!lTi~-Jjal(!')J' bellO\\' t)o" ~(>wl

department.

Deck COlver Cuts Down
Results 01 tests on

Wear

VM.'iS-l1, EI Tono- Tins service squadrun h,,~ i'HWU -" ru gtt "",I\lmJ the .IWimit)" nf bu oIflinl'! up quick engrne cbu.u-'l~ lin tts \V!t-ll 1\0:''''' inocl<.pO!t i~lH'~d personnel aud 11\'e J,tJr:roefll t~p~~ eli "flFlnn t\, work 00.. The- diificuil;' 'I"'1~ ro var inus in !!il I1r16 anti rie1:lllWI {,,[,dutts Lli end. t~1"1; ".,r .. ngi fie w Itit'lT ~ rc 111It ,..!; yel ,j"'t'r,'d In erection m~mu~I~, Tlus hM been .vlwd Ii)' h,.ving hl.rg1! ]lhl't"ya:l~h5,. lrum different Jnsl~", m"J~ \)f Ihe burh-uj"'~"S"'I)' sertiun, une t OJ, each Iy rc engrne, 1'I,e rllQt(' • .Ire pUII"'-1 ,,,'Clv,,nr~nlcJ)' "In th" \\'~1I;; r()r (~ady tef~r~fI""', P(:r:sonnd, h} In.Clng Ii nes on t h.esr P",(u reS, work more dtici"Iltll' .uul '>ale the l'1IJ1eflenced IlU'n s

w,,~

Ihl' s\\ itrh.
11.~ exn."n~i,,!t ",[,J of 111~ lig],l W,'S of the .',;.~!!IAR q-,iJl'd 1) pe , minus [unctionbox and sp(·~jll luck,~nJ ((In''''lted In the clecrriral drruil so .1, til b.· i.11Jel'cndl.'nl Iht cockpit bJlhtinJ.l: system e~t;rr--Iy,

,n,I"II~J

"'!rcl. rnpL' which 'Was nn Ihe Midu ,')' '.... a new eXfl~rL' ith

J""

"hans",

nr

Morines

Drop

Aerial
~j

Packs
r~sulL

Gold
1

Is Where

You Find it'

AS A!....)'t~o"-Gold has heel1 f(lund_ in GI,furrul'. d1l'" lime f'ght (On th<! SbtUt:lll al A_I:ln\~d~ In iI,ldihrm to gnld, pllltlnum lIfld ~ijvl'r dtPOSft, h,n'e knltJ(a(l.J. 'Inc tu~dy fIl ttilJ 1- will be CXl!'arted-fwt

Emm

ROiUing Crel"k-bul

frl')lIl

raJ'Jf

ttlb~.

110;> :,e'lll'ldJ:()n ,,~., worked (lUI g""J t~d1niqlll' 1"- d roppi ~g pnru-pncks [nm R,D 'Iircnft" Ihl'urdi~,III, in support 01 ground troops TIlt· p'LI"lI·p'lcb ",,,rt Jrurr~J (Will 100 tf! IWQ ftd il! ~j!sl1l'(ds f"l'n, 111) t(l t ~o mph. F"Uf drops were m"Jt usm_g the M-J( l',") plalil, A-4. il..~.,ll1J 1\-6 Oil!:'" ("(mlaln('r~ ,IIIfb :;tarld~rcl 24' n1fg" 1F!f"lhut.:-~, Th~ forward l", I( II{ lhl! _m,dn nl r.flu d'Jl'F W'l~ rc'mrlV~d !,ril'f to lakl'·"f( Crew memo bers who it'ttimnltci thl' rult,r>.l~b wl,rr b~lk-pn'k·l)'lll' ~huto;-<;, T(l dlfl1ln,te Ilny pos, ~ib[J ity uf tlJ~ir f ill ling om .. r the ;J.ircrl.lfi, th")' Wl.'re serur~cd tn th.: hulkheild opposite lh~ ulrgl. d,lm '-!; jtl! Ii nl'~ long ,ntrugh tn

V MR· I ~'J, b, TORn-----A, training prngr~m IN pilut»,

nr

,I

mental flight de.C'k cf",,:dn,l: anstalled iJu ve indr, ared this CI-wer H1.!:! is Siltl;;illJ:toty on ~lIning d(>wl'l wear Ill] .'rn.:.~liD.8 J!;1,"tHalb les, The ori@::ll"talnonskid deck rullrring, rcsem hi ~ng emery r"a~'et, r rov ~d hard lin the ~[\;bJi.'s, wearing them out prernatn rt' i)'. BIi· A l'R I];!~ reconune n ded to Bu:'.1l rrs that !h~ new P1'!,ttei ,1 I, made by Mmnesora MllIlng r & Mfg. Co., he ifl.'it., Utd on :III CVJ;l--H class fljght decks suh I ~(1 to Wl'lirffill[ IOn. by the ~hips that tln: c,\\'ering is silt i~f~"l!!ry from

an opemtional
ACAG-t

vic-wp0 ill! ,

1-11,h, J.ir SWill' is n~'w oP1.lflit· if'll' aix,a,d the USS V,/loJ F"'II". P.·.t'I<lnr1eI qf the ship and the mr gwup *orte pWlld nl
Ult' ~~fd;'
tWq

r[t-(Jrd ,h~Jkad

up durong 'lht'

~H1

m"nth~ of Ih~tr u~rali"ns 'ng,~Uwr Only (1.01: maJo.r :,('ud"nt h!L~ occurteJ-:ln ~\ltL h"rti"r U'llsh i 11 ""hkh n,l vnt vms in·

lured.

VR-6

Pilof

Devises

A Hood

n'lllJ!;lttws. ~ lrcrafc on,!IUn'\cnt, 1lnd eJ(X"troni(~ t'ql~ipmenl, T( i~ 4 U p.rul of tilL ~btion' s, m l!min Of h S~ I\.til.;' P mg.r~m, R<.'tl"mal!')!1 Il f llo~ m<'td~ \"a~ phn'led when ,i "'115 kame.! rh'1I v"dar llllie<, pr~i·lnlJ.,Jy ~().IJ \(' Ihe p\Jbl ie f [H I~ cents <,.th, (Q!l.t" i !led $;! ~o wprth

VR·('. P"'CIF!C'.--A new.ry~f' instrllrr1t!lt Jllmd Ims bH'''' In\l;·nlt'u 1>1' Lt. BU[·fg~I' tor ll$e In Ih<: 11.!!l "rhid, h~ d~[m~ llj'·c5 bC!lter forwud ,·jsion lor lhe .;afet ... pil-It ;'Ind hetl~E II.~ IY over C);i~t in~ dl'-~igM, iii

,,[ guld.

nwtal is oncxpenlivc and J;'lffiple. S~j,ll1f"J (.Inks coruu joinS strlJng. aods \II ill p<.'nC"lnltl' lhe ~nlicb, sm:l1 ~.!i pJatrl111m d~pl)sit5 on j~ Ul 0 n ,1.lr("rai t pUIS. and seplirnl e ~he

-ne

pt"){t!5~

uf

reCO'''cri rig tire' pre~l(Ius-

metal f(om J ".I led f rom

"hjen., TIll! '",lty ~[ll~h IhI;: chern i ,,,I I,H\ks w ill be r~Int

I.
PLASTIC CARGO eONT,AIN9! FLOATS nOM PlANE

_lined al the San f.rallrlsco

governrnent

In:int,

with h"lt;!; ri\ade r", Ih~ pilot to see Ih~ tl1;1gneti.· ~nnlr~,'SAnd q'lmder heail. lempcn· Wl"" g!lIJg~" The hond I~ nlt.~ched 11'1.\ bUI1~~' wrd s!fefcill:<d 3UQSS. lhe pilot's (ompnrtment fr,lm tile: Idt side window I:<kh pln IlJ tilt' dght ~l<.le pi_no Width Dfthe Mod rml:itts. nJ] forw.ud ~j,J"'!I(lf the pilot. Tile hnod can Ix- te-It'alt'd fJ'Nn l'it;li~r sicll.' :ind (~n he 'Il~td O.ll cilbcr ,$idC' of the companmenl. When n.llt itl u~e it <.Imp, /lurm, !l;.'ssJy' (, ~ithl'r )itil' of [hc~()mp:":tmML

"ht gener-.Ii shn pt is (hal of a rr(l':rx:~()!d

34

Restricted

IW ,lg,!tl()('S, tll~ U"urnl:tn !ill.lrd stured

of fhe ~I u.l!Ii"m

FROM ASO AND SUPPLY DIVISIOH IDOl
Same Item, Same Name
1lte Avi.~ti\lfl :;'upply I'll e h.l~ been lepu[,zed to represent the Bureau of AlTonaUIIc, 111 WMICCIl<l1l .' ith the M unitieu, 130" rd C.wdub A.,;e-m1' P]'('i!:t,tm, for the standnrdiznunn fit item idcnuhcation throu~(ruUI the United ~ld.I<!~ l\rl11~U Ser kn h' work <'Ilt,lik,j i~ beill8 ~{(omrli,llI:'J h)· the: new 11 rormed Patterns and Descrrpnon DI' 1Mun ul ASO The rn.lgnillldt and g,·rt<.'r.ll rh,tum of tills armed ,erV'l't"< "(,lfaIOI!Jng pruj;!f.l111 ~"'l'fI ,,,v~'I·d f,\, tho fill 1,[\, il1g prl"Ss releaee fWnl the "Ill".. of U](!~C(I-{'ta ry uI D 'jteJl'{' Dcve lopmcnt nf .1 ll>rfIIUllfI <al.tlus "'1' uem nnd ,1t:lJ;1d~rJ,zcJ eq u iplll~111 [ur Iho.: 111' rued -ervrces is now under Mr. Th()IJJ.U'i ,T. I f.ugrlwl:, .h"lrnt;t.I1 "f the MuniIH'fI~ HlIarJ. announced >rJc-rs have been rssued cstabI'shing the Munitions JjClarJ Cat;1Ivgin,!l ,\ g~!lt) .md th( M IIIl itJ Ofl~ B,,~rJ St iJ ndar r.I s Agen-)' The I~$k ot the mralo.'l1fl.g ar:e.nq· 1<' It' '" lrJ'llJtc Ih.; cif(lrt of th.: Awn. "";,"y, ~I"J Air Furce in tile ,'('n truction of ~ uniform Cllulol! of .111 items U""J b~ tIlt' uri hLLLry' t"<tilhlisf1m<.'n1 '" reil ,I.' lind In WII!
nlnn'jv t
ub,t-OIH'S
to

Ihi., I:Jt,duging

p[.,~nlln .uul

be

,t,

(lrtlil"g of military !ttlll' ami "f mllit;(lIl' (I<IU] 1'111('01 will cnhnnre UH' (nm["'l! dud"'lef uf the nrml,d erv.ces illlll't·;lwl~bl). nl~}' are .rh l!llItcl} l'~t"ni'''' '''f1lplln<lnl~ .\' dlilil:llt ~ml "'m d I n.ued [lrc>nm"r1l{'f1! now being aclucved tV! uur miitrul ~·.t.lhli~hll1\l!1t
~I.mllncdlntf,.n

"A counnun

"Dt~cl!Jpmcm
methodical
rurers

in Ih~(;' jit'ld~ is requrred
1l11)bllo~"tl()11

II]

rndustrial

"Tlu ultimate d~li.crtbl. clussrtv

"hj ,1], ...... ill h.· 1<. II.UIi~, und number del! ~1'I1"U'-

IWm used. ~urdm~~xl.~(()t'kl..J,
h' thl: nulitarv l"tahli~hmenr. n,b .m,! in ';11 h manner that rm, ti"o~ ,~I<:\tinn I,f It'tlel'~

hv

11[

dhrrihut('Il

such rneth,.1l11 "oe JI~9[1.r numcrnls

-rand ..rd ~pc.-iIi(~t1i,,11s will a~~i,t I'tIdIlU(,[lm p r o d u r t i o n n e t r v r r i es ~[1J will provide for mIll e expedhinus rn~pI;ct ina IIf proJu(t~_ A ",mm"" Qllalllg ....ill "peed Ilf'
I'n"urr:mt>nt cuntracting ClJflliide-r"h!v. llnJ will b<_. of onormous assistance In inventnrv.

plJIUIUlb-

1"111 lti",otif\l th~ S~~H: item \\ ItiJ;n Ii bureau l'C servlre, "'r hth"een thl Departments. TIll.'
"nl!ll u'l,d
1 urn.
IIr

m"~H"'.

item char;! ~er'~.lt"Hl \\ill then be :111Iunctrons <It ~\lpplv t"'111 orll~inal
10

f\Urdlll't

fir.JJ lidol ur
I:.h~ ['Wll:<.t

Jrljl

(If disrrihu

ing, 1.1'11in1lHel)' Ill<!,t pr!J!lr;lm~ W ill rnntri hllit! nrward the nrhievcuteut of mterchangeabilrrv u ~uJ~I'Iit;·sand cquiprncnr among the comj,lIt unit. .. r the thft't' services in til" neld, Frum the 1<),~Ntl'S stundpuint. the common raralog
and <;land,lrdlwJ equjprnenr WI!! be ,I godwnJ Titq will mean easier .tnd h:-4S ,(.stlr sturekeeprng. great reducoun in required shipping ,11111 Ugl! sparv, and will Cl(rt't.iltr ,tn. ~upplic to "we 1111.'1lIf! rumhnr t!urin~ wartime. "WllIlfl uue illUlt.,<J .It'n'iles 1I""e ,jlh'!:Vl:J Uu·.C lW(, l)hicl1ivl:s, the nnrron will Jill" uuilied OUI lighlm,f:; equrprncnt as II Ira~ unifieJ "ur light illS 111ft] ,

W~,.

f-trt..'i .tdVlI.OlCd suffi.· t u-ntlv CJd, '\I"ply svstcm "f tilt ~UVIl(:~ ~!l1 ,,,IL...t t,\r it> "Wfl usc su ... 1 UI t'l!"f1"~ 1 fit HUllS Irorn IhO' ('I;'nrrlll ponr as It needs II. 'ned u< ('WI' r;urp'N;< . .In,l 1".1,1,,1& lbl<C In .utl, ("f1I" il~ wi'll best (p,ther Its purN" s. hut indrvidual Idenllcal ItCI1f1~"111 htClr
Wfll'rIJ

tltt'

~nlm~ dWHII

'('j;&1tt:'I1D ~

I""

[llt'["ll

tcriz,nil1f1 in (I,fl.'rv rml ~JI"I tl:<~'!

MiI!;11!

EXTENT OF PROJECT
"I i~ t~tiltl[trt:.1 that lite pn\ ttt II ill HilT" pTl~'" rhe prnCtMing fA some ~.()ml.()(l() ircrns •Ii !]I t1 ,tll ry US.lgC. r II Wllfl1l'i1t> :IfIJ ~r~HS " inreresr 1'<1,111)' th~,t iWIi" 108\1, "fr"'Uh

Navy

To Get

New

Piasecki

1'.1(11 will

lIeITI

will

he

['WI

"J,;.J

,1

'JI1gk

name,

description,

and

.denll];mtm"

number,

llnd

been desrribe.l
PIO_gr.1111 Ultl,l

he classified

ill but (n1l" ~1!f'I'ly com-

1n"dity ChbS, The tuncuon oi llie ;4lnd!U'd~ ~gen,y ili 10 JevtJ~1' unifi<:.l agreement ,,1'1 n.Hiun:li Inilit~CJ' esI3Dli~h'JleJ;1[ ~periliGlti()JL' :J.nd eng, l'Iel'rtrtg st3.nd~rds. ~nd to de:velllf1 -IS·IT .." rrwl'lt< ,~m()ng the Arm),. Navy, IlnJ Air Forn' IJn ,r::tndard designs uj e<jlupmellt \lnci com poru;nt p~ns.

VALUE Of SINGLE CATALOG Ern ph;l~lzing the prime impurt3.Jlce of .'lhH'~mg a. single cat.1.lng for the a.rm~d s<Jl/'i(:t~s> 011 M~y J 2. thl! ('rretar}, of Def<:I1'~ ",rute ru Ihl' 5eu,"[aries of tJu~ Army, !\I.1\Y. .,od All I-~"n;o:~ "1 consicier iL nl,< ...~,ary at this lime to bring
til Y"I~r nttc!Ulion tht' grlm.[ imp{Jrrnn(e 1 41·. ["c·h 10 the Acm .. d 'ervires uUllh)gin,g Prog,il.rtI which h~5 b~t'll phued l.ln,I"rwll), by th~ M un iti~m~ ll(l,ud, It Inust ht- undcrstnoll dt'uly fhat I (:oQSldeI tlK pr{)] C1 to be 0 pnrn3ry Import3.llCl" ttl lilt" "ffcctivl! «InJun

hv I he hu r<'aus "1 wlfh 11i~' It"(j.,r fril'l,,1n, and 'Issignrlw UIIOI\··I;:W.:.I .ireas f(,r ncld work ru lIlt' m"~t (lIj(nize.lJ1t -n.l;~ndu "Il " .. Iwinu, that the pr(llC'd i> tXj'l".nsi.". .. tll.11 1t will b" .a hurdcn on the personnel ant! ,lpPtrlr>riJllivi:I' ,,{ every bUrc,lu u.nJ ~r;IVir~. ;md will r<:qllirc the most C1Irne~[ ,mil (nop' enl!"·.(; effort on the pout of e my a1'cncy II. hrill/t it t' u h ~ub>t;tntial (01111"101 jun t b<lt it "ill. h IlUltJl.Ud!ly u~eful tu J.IL Th,"[t' is r,eJn~ de,'eloptld I.IIldi>t lilt: Munitums H" .. J J ""nr,lin<llin~ centro! aA;l.'-llI;Y t,l pi~k Ill" "'"rk •.Ire-d.d)' Jnn~. t,> s-~ign ril:"e arca~ fm Iir-lJ ,,'ork. .lJ1d 10 ellminolc .]"l'liO.lljrm

~lOd classih'd. nnd lilt [,r(l1elt inlt'/tll.tl' tire w""k it1n.1I1)' J"nl'

.,r

,,,,,,,no,

BIJAril Ill! 111,linlltcd prucurement nf fiv rruidernizcd \ ~r~Jl'!I' of the l'l~I' twirl-nJh)r hclicnprcr built by Piasecki, to he known ,1< Ih!' l-1J!p·-:, The m.1I11 Jj!T renee between this model .lnt! lht: fllt!>-, JS the modern ,1 ll-rneta I IuS Idgt wlurli will replure 11][ f~hli ...-covcred III''-'J.lg~. The lptkp,t " arranged ..n thnt the pilUl .llld w!"ilot ilfe !lC~tc" .iJ(r hy .t! '. A 'lilli, telit fUM:I.1,ge is t'XPCIlct! tl) h.. ~"~Ii.1-hk by Dc.ccmbcr ~ud prociuclltlD dd,vcw;,s by nc.xl ~\I!lltDct.

Son
L

AS SAN

planes
new

Jir~t groUtJ ht:lrc tu hc: pr~,~ncd ,n the
DIEGO-The

Diego

'Cons'

Aircraft
o( nir~ Nilvy'5

"caruung

process"

'weT"

put mto

therr

wlwrf'
[WII 'It

the

S.IIl1( i!l'm

ha,

heen, lIc<('rib",i

in

mure (;<leg-ell""), a.~siwtml:flts Pur!:'l\ as ;tn e hma.rc. thrce yt'lLr~ h~< btcn ~t ii' Ih~ limt n~c~ 'saty In bring til" t.1llnging pr,,_gr~m to full uti Ihali.nn, If that goal r.an be met. w-.; 'I"~l~t""teh ie We C"l1nllt !lITord r tn t'ntcr .1 il.l'tLlrc nnriol)ni I:n1er-g<'nq' witl](lnt h,lvin.(t thi! rniitb,r' 1;,,1;0 lo.gipg ~j'5tclJl so well

de!nHfuo,fyil)i! <'hambcrs on J [) M"t,h Paoli!i" fllr pn:~en LOp, 488 pl:tnc~ :Ire hclng blllit by Pubh~ \Xlorks department "-Ill.! abl)U! m1e-Lhird uf till.' lOt;.! tlllll,i:l~'r (If ('nne
tamer (or Ih.; )m.t'O(l hale heen wmph,red ,mol ready tor ClpN3.twn. lIir..-ruf! (~Iginles .lOll ttll IIrlpH,nWJ J]1eJ.;J! ,~rf~res Me ,()lu,·d vi h h a presena1i VI.' Jx.fure bcing plac.~J In tloc (~Il> wi rich rnuim.liu a ~(lnSl"nl ~i[,ul"tjnn tof ;lir with a maximum (1f 2~';f hllmrdi l' The nl.'\" pron:;<s i5 cxpe<I(.,j W 11n'~ll"\'C the pl"n"$ for tlu'''''' 0'

vf the busin<'~$ iJl the m&lit~1'y ('slnbli"hmelH: thil! ( bduo'''c It wjll lead mo:>1 posi-livdv t,) n ~'m,'k ilnd well ullJI.'rS'LlIod <lPjlfrtlu:.h of tht truce :,en I(es t) industry •• In\! tI",r 1 bclu:ve m [>wved rts.L1It.s 10 scgmen ta.I Ji~h.ls which Imve bl'<.<n c.xplor~d dcmonstrJle eM, JlIdv~IJI ~ulh .l;re.tt saVIrIJ:;:S to the t1lxP"r'''fS in Ihe I'nJC{'SS".s of procurcl1ltnt tha.t we in tbe militlltV ~~tlJbIMrn~nl must not f:l i 1 to jJruM'cl,te the prOle I with th.: utmost vIgor .. 1nd til ~enlrC at the e~lllesl possible dale !he f ulles! "'HI mus. umplete ut.iJiu.riol'l of iu po;, ~ihdttit's. "Lest thcrl.' be <lOY misl1nd ..rmnding of Ih~ I'urpme ~,nd un;, ensu,ng JclIection of 'effort, the- follow ing drdinnion COI't:t§ what

t!lmpl~ted. ~rJ well ulldt!Cst()oJ, und so wli'll .,~t~prcd, but thut we will rl'llp rh..: full benefits wh.dl run be expe(ted [rom it. Heretil nre, th¢' militar' service, eodl l11!lin["Ln~d ..JiJtert'nt calUllllging sr;'l~m •. ~ fa,I"1 which m'1.de iOler(h~ng of supplJ(!, "nd equipment Jiffi('uit, .lnt! irup-vdcd ((JlnrJinatt,J milim.!),
I'nll'\lrement. N;lluml Juplinllinns whkh occur became of t11l.' d..iJf<:<(,I1Cl'S m the ClltaloE: systenl will b eliminate.:1 In the pJU(C~~ III J""cillping tilL tJ.nifrwn o;-nlJlog <y~tcm, It is ..stlm~ ted til!H !:he pr!) I:'~, wJi I cI uninatc nb )\It ~O (l"r(t'nl l1f tilt hW mlJli(\fl catalog ;tt'ms nncnned 10 the pnJI <t ..

tou r Yl'nr."

LOGISTIC GODSEND Tn announcing the t'~I"bj"hl11~111 uf the

WHlinu:ss

RAILS

INTO

tTS

•CAM'

35

ing fre-e uf Illhirrg cnJ ;J[II;J cUlsing hid leakagt: at this prrim EJe.ctrical Grou,,,d TerminaL Dunne rnut rrn- fin-hnu t in'1'I'<I illn, wir e, ~I AI':' ron1](' tmg airJ r"UH~ t:founJ termirml It') termln.11 1(i <11 filter, P;Z/ AR_ WllS foulKl to lmve .II I ilt'ui;Jti(ln hur-Il"U niT F"l!nwing IClhl~ 1m' }!l'o,unJctl on S11)lC ttrn"lIn!- '\[P,1A1. -_grrlLlnd r'lf DC "alwy,c regul.~I",r; N",,~~-gj'[mnd f"I' J111wt·r cL<U'rt.lll~; :';'l'~I\~-gl'flLlml fC,t
1,,1' NSIAI~-glml11d rr~\I"'IIS gcncrntnr (,ullln
;At['fU

I'

I TERIM REPOR'T DIGEST
Tbi. dlJol:~.' ,'QYN1' the 1 r, ,1ulJ' !ht.'"ill1 'R".", ,I. rill ~Mdo.r ·r.L,LIi~. N" ATC~ r~ 1'11'1;' J Hili' ~I~H-'''' vL II. H t,t'l"c'!j_'inl"'ll~' rldh·4.lt flu A liln. fj(Jlhtl ~

fLOJ Ijl~C'r FSlJ\R.

B lit'vr- ,rlnl n f"'f'tl h•• k l., grourHJ
W->s

I ""ll

re ['Ilnsible

II I t'lH<;'~~"t· current to ground through wire

were broken. Nl'W brackets JTlIIIIUfllllur",,1 Irrun ~.l!IIC' m((ttn~l, but vi twice lh~ thickness, were JOlt..tItCU :t. Three of the hne su Pl'flrring I lal11l'> WCI'(, hrnl;crI .and were rel'lLl.ccJ w ith 5t~d clnrnps, ~/t-; ..... '\i-n~-I. '1 i\ II drain hnc elbows near the exhaust suirks wet e J,luggcu '" LIb (Mbflll Jep'J!ilr ... To nrevent doggmg t)f the lr~on lines ad l.m:Jlt to exhaus! stacks. rC(f)"w,eL·J llml initi.11 Jrt)P frum C'1fha.usr ~lij~5 to ,,1I11>w in

'S.i\l~.

R<:~l<t,tn(L' <.If

_fI(~; alum

10 grnuru'!

was read between the airplane ground
n~ I ,!lid 'Iirpl.uu· structure, Because

FJ-l 197 Hours)
D_II11~gl'" to ",rlLlLl( ft"lillin!-: tr"u1 11' ...·UIIiS rull,SIO[l with I.r!'t tOT' rep.ured ,HJd rw« !u,gllh Iituele, Altm 5ti l1!il!.ute~ ill ~ ir nn ,,',1 mJ flj ~h t. 1hI: P iJ nl- '1'II~1,,,'d Plane ""'.1 < Ikl1llJl'Sll1:d 3nd pilot killed '1'" oj cra~h

J"rg~
JtJl>lHld

TlllmlWt

of wires tI~lIIg th terminal, tVhrctl,t:r I'I'ltI, resrstnnce
between grnLl.IHl tl'fll1irlltl.ln

rerrm'If the Jldn,mc
.. ir·

rrnme. the I'eed bade- r rorn gener J.(fH' pwbnhlv II~lk the p,ltf I of J~ast resistance th rough wire "ISIAI ~ rather th.m h~ing shunted I"
;l:!'I1!JoJ lhro\l!<h 'I » ciiminl4tt:
"'~I,\ Tt IV!:f

,·",j.,ring

und t'·,,~,~l'l rllut f,.ilillil' (,,' undetermrncd F4U.5 1178 Hours)

til par.rrhute

are

the Ilirimmc
recurrence,

gnJllnJ terminal. wires Nl' IIII~ lind

.-\lI'aalt lu.s A"wn [1 y jlJj!;I.I~; tucl, nI l, JnJ "~}'gen ,"m~llJllpr[l1Jl l~M~ MC JI'I p/f'!l:I'C$~ E'nqine Starfln'i!. SlI1t..c the 1I1slllll .. hull III M\.II'~ whflh I,er('lllts c s c e I uti tv be .lrotnlXl 'ree nf .Iirrr:,j'l no further tilG:~ I 11 ~(g;{InEl hove occurred in "iCHUII' pI carhuretor box drain lull'

drum line be increased to maximum l'f'nlllS' -ible length withIn iost;IUauwo space avuil'lhle~ tll..! tubing m:c be increased [rem II"" 1lI V16"; and that self-draming tank Will-

u,jT)ove,J frnm lurframt

ground

I·Nmin.1 and relocated on a new airframe gn.und rei min .. 1 IIIlJt tI .,prtrtrIW11.aldy ~... irnm the nqgin.11 grrmnd tt'rmil]al

",1

AD-2
bh'!I'st

In Hoursl
Sy'Stem Clamps. rl~'<:n ~Jllhi"n-

al clamps . .including three o the new typi.'. 1'/ 21765-7S11·3.1&1, have- hr ken, lamps connnue fa fail lifter I tt) l'j h'JUI5 ope rating
time,
'0

Bel ieve 111'l1l'

dump

)at1[Jrl'1i ani' due

pMdy litling e x 1111 $ t S !lld; ,l,LnJ,,,1I U hrackers, Improved damp assernblres supplied by Dnuglas have been Insta lled Support Brac.kets. "ftd 77 ,,) huUf.~ enp;.nc operating ume, two .·IU1I151stud. stand-

"If

suppnrt

brackets. IQ secvre

P!N

·~8,~.~-M and
In

.!Ill

Wert'

found hrok"'ll.
"",as II

[jr~oIh tI~lulfed

hol.i.'S u~eJ

brack¢ts

hetw~n q'lltld~r.

T".:'f"
stu.k
10

Ll.... rance oL 1/1(;'" betwrttn
stnnd-ntf

the

llnd till' after

, 0_ , exhaust \;'nr, and V16" between the ~1'lrk "nJ Ih.. lin.. hoh"J

br:u:ke4 lmlr"d a dear-uw.: vi

w~te cnnvexed 1,,,,". '\10 excessive accelerations hO],'!: been reported h..,. nc"c..~~1 Liili.18 engine dlll.0S-e. proWrt 1"1ll'ls. RJ!fI1f1/rlllwri that umtrerror New puwerplant quick dldl1ge unit j beiIlV~!itisat'" and orrect ,lj5crer'~my, iqg Qs<t'fl1blecl foe Installation on BuNv, Generator Illstallation. Condui; rmrn gen'!.2:!.67 to replace unit transferred In Bu '". erator d,nreJ .•gaimt the ,)il t.tak ncar gen22266. Pr().~rC$$in lts'tmbly of quick change ernror eml \,r conduit. OLlter hiler of condui] unit is being impeded because vf unfamiliarhrlti.l WIlS worn throwgh 1LnJ· nil t,lIlk \Va., ity of maintenance personnel with 111 build. e worn Ii;! ~ deprh nf dI'prl1:1I:;,'nMl'ly 11M" up ut the quick engine change umt and To cnrre I 111i,. a 90 J gree elbow was inbecause of non-avail ..bi Illy "f minor ~H stalled ')n kent'r.1tor ten'llin,ll box. whieh in tnllution [',,-th. moved condurr toward ri,ght hand side rot mg,ne. This 1"11->"1",,!,ermit~ geoer.ltnr 'on,lui! P2V-2 52 Hoursl In clt~" oil tJJ nk T~~,.",,/ ,ul Ib:ll III is ('or,rh' A Irerall has ~'UlUpI~ttotl, 11 te~! ru.!tlrt~. I'n. tective a(";on he mk~n on :ill .. l-2 aircrafr, U (entage militarJl ~t1J nmi'll" [ 1.")\\'(£ re-Electric. .. l CondoH~. Nllrnt'.ous c"mlu;t ",squl t<'I""nt" ..'> ileitIg d"uhlW Juring ~econt1 mounts
positive

lur til tlo~ '\fl-l h\Sl;lllJtion be rriccrpO 111ted ErIglne Oil Tank. Inspccnon "f (Ill rank mounting shuw,'" loW!'" light \WlIY brJLe bent al n d I'll s t me n I end, B II II " rn rubher washers Itll' both fpr-ward O)jl tank ~ho(k

AM

1 (315 Hoors)

Powerplant, Atto:r HI~,l Iwues "n!lll1~ opC"[\tlltg time on BuNn. 21UiG, J \.Ij f1isht wu: terminated because of high flil ~emp{'u. lure ,,[ If)rl~ C and slight drop in uil presSID e, Examination of main ad (teen IIJU""'ed I!r cum u! II don of excessive steel particles

n

or

1.1m me d 11Dd. h" n III p( llit: exh~u~t st ..... s. !Illig. One- ....,jl ,m I d.ng ~u.PP' rt brocket inswlled on No. ') (vlmder \V1I, l(Jun.d hl'nk~'l1111111,1I'1l11iler iOS\;ilIt:-J on Nil, II (vlinhr'lck"t~ me hem.:
hdler Cowl III IJII'
§

17 Int~kc ear. (,enerILI1)' the M:mJ, "ff hl1lckds Ju IIPI ,,,nh Itnl Iu th~' ~(,iIlt"U r' "I' !h~ ,tlIlk~. 1 hi" rr..~\lII'in ;J'11'1<1[,0:-( ~m.k surrmll ont! f,lIluI\: III Ille exl"lJs\ sr.,~k ~up· porls ;}nJ J."np~. A< km I'n. My hN ~t;IIlJ-ojf
lU • o.
("lHnUr

fnl.1 ue! to hllH' en hllllN(eJ i'lltllt 11mI'll! JUJles. l~"·(Q'!"/Ji."d Lhat wntl':Jxtvr J">l!11l to ,tr"ngct suppurl hracket Oil Dralna9~ System. !.OM~F cflindcr flo! ,lraifl3ge sj"stelll I"n _\p-! hll~ PI'(IVt'J Ul'I.S<ltlri"l,.r~ d3(l'_ Aftel HII" I' h"t.lr~ l'n,l;jnc to dmm lines h~t(Jm!ll cli)~«d ,lcpusit 'I, h,d1 Jlluw uil 10 ,I,· CU1'lJuink in lowt:r ,,-xh~u;,t 5t""k. Appr,1lumJldy :I pint of 0,1 IS l!.so;:hur ed through "cl.JU~t sl,ltks lill initi~l ,m,gil1~ starJwg ~ft('t ~ l~-bouc iok period. P(lJlflWln,g (:hs(r~p~nu~s 1m,·" been 1l~11eJin Jwinugc S)'.lcm: >, All duet' mlL[llf. IJ HII"PO.t br.t.hts . tL",

un ;...• s

m ~cccssorv cmnnartlllenf have hN'1J hL'cause nf impr<ipN ,w.lging "f '''nl~'li! trld ~tlio§;-_ Re.'J1IWlclI;/ tl"l.( contl-a,tl'f lOve tigak =.1 IIllprl>ve tndlwu ',w.l).:'ms qm,ltI it- to (nJ fitl ini!J.s TheJ'IIIQcouple Leads. A<l~om;1li( cuwl ]l~ps th~tmrl.-allrl(' w ir~ r~ss lVI,f c~\Sjnc ;nstnlment jundinn h~'x which is 1<},.1If'.1"tI' tight side 01 ('11giI1(' ,,,m'nt 'l!I)~("''l1t 0 IoN-step ltsed mni')ttnantc pct~"'flncl lk-"IJ<e lun<1.i'~11 box a nd 10(11 ·stc!' "re vory flear "at" ,,11m, :l1'I,! in SQme pl.me, there i, tcnJcn~"'f ff1J' mai"t~nJItCt" I:l~rsnnnd t" ~I~I' ,," t11e.rml\(OUrle V. ires wlK"t'~ they 'wer Junrri'lll bo.x Rdt>IIHiUIIJ th'nt wj,c.~ Ht r...rrlLll~,J bene.,th JIIDcti(ln hol'. Foel Transfer Line. D(uin~ ilt!, d .•ck ()j c lathllr~~nr, \lle metl·r.N:l f!lel I'~Mfcr Iinc,

s(!mbl!~

I (10 h()Uf~.

rq,j'lcl),1

ur

"r

Thr"i.' <cylinder cllilllg<;S \\'C'r" mall" nl1 'IMhmtrJ cl'lginl" <l.S rl'liult of ((Hl~~nlrll grn,wl' ,·"1",, sent f.,iltlrcs. Scv~n cyliotiC!rs on pocl etJ,t!i,]l' wi're fnUl1d I{) bl l",in,l'; 'tLml\rc.~~I"II, ne<:e~:;.ta(inp; [l ",-,mpJde I."ng,"~ d1iU1g,· 'Sleeve Assembly. ow! Jltip adUiltl'r ludJ ,Itt'v!' .B~emhJ)·. J'/-": I"",'~"Q. j, "tt.ldlcJ w e'lgi!,c IIIDl,llH ,hieJo ilnd prOtects cowl !iill'
••d.WtlL'r

f lOrn

t!Jli(llll!

""Iu'il.sL

A((t!r

131

1'''''

OI'Clmti.o[).

wilh lottb'ln

t~b;n~ rcpla.cro with nt'''' Ir~n ,fer I in," "11" lQngC'r Ih n original line. R,uo1Jl1mmd that metered flIer tran.rjOr lln ...~ be in peeled or lilts (ondition mIt later thml ncl'tl ~O-Itou.r d,eck. Minimuln peJ,ctru lion (If %" i~ cons.dc ted ['fccess,j ry to eliminMe I'll ~ihilitv (,f Illning ('nJ ~elll work-

pIN l,,! I$l, W.LS ±r.und !0 !"mcrr~tc erlu 51;,,1 ,"nly l,~ ~. Tlli~ lin.:' WI1~

tllt.ILhing ~(fF\\'s Til is te~t fix \\' i11 he ..I;•• ~ent"d dlJ~.:Iy lind t"<HllpateU with pt1'f"rm· .ull,!; vi n:p'''to;:J a,;semhlies ,,-, well .is wlth rem,l i n ing 'III il;fn4'!, If}' sl~e'·~s. /?(.c<>," ,,,(lId th:~t rnllur, P)"; JWUi-~, nf tilts assembly b~ m.lnIJfL1clllceU nf lle~vjcr golltge It\i1[CI·I''1.

di5covert'J rrr Iht o,llln D[ [!JUt J ,sembI ics. Coliill' bf Jl LO":fOll 1'1 1(Sh '~'JubJ}' U"i)l,h·d ((1JII~,I!:u.·I)' """IIlIU lhl" 'ke~C,' 1':<-,,, «,II'll>. wen r'ollStru({"d til' h~:tvi~r j!.lUge ;;1('(;1 !lI1,j "cr,,,"'] tv stt'(·v(:'~ at I.!I'.. J JS-><"lllbli",. As t~5t ILX 01 (In nligJO" I ",~s"lllbll, n reln (Iltllllf< k.,k.up J,,( Wll~ fitteu m"t!r the surf,Kl- ,,( it-s rllf;\~"nl !(fll,~r ~nd ,wlrtro.l I.. en}?1Il~ mount sll!C:IJ WJth the a;s,,,mblv by the
~'rlIlh \II"I!;

iLour~,

36

Acc.ess HCltc:h. With 11ald, in .11""11 the st: ul latch I~ expnsed and ,ub. Il'U (1'1 ,1u.i!I"fl(.tI ,dr~strl(!_ It j, unlocked "I dfrrt'S~lflS ('1'11'",1",,1 I""l'j "[111,, 1,1.1.11. f?..,'btllllluid Ih"t improved I~h'hhe provided. Go 11 erner He·Q.d, I\j-I~' l J ~ lmnrs, 11.1." .!:Qrhn,<.rd [IT'i['dltf would 1I(l\ ;hifl Irol11 lnw pltd, (11iSlJ rpm). lnspecnun governor ['"AJ. E(fiI'W I!'pt· t;iii"-I-f, ~hnww ;111 ur.;:n 'If~lrit '" !Jl~ 'decrease rpm" lidd ",f the Nose
[,,,'J(JOl!

SI r"'l'"d fmm Jr"'ins gtrtl .lnd it~ ~hJrl rnu liLlltd h)· 11,x.lhl·" drj,e Hlurollng., Powderl' dtr"sl cs, show lng .:v,do:;no::e <j I orrrosron, were fHlmd Tn minute q\l.loridc~ In p".~,,~gl" tl1~ of
<'I\\l~cd

.rt~t F.n.i:!;U~' 1\ ... r,!1"IJt'nd~JI'lf.. I-I~f"" l)i}re.:qt; iJulY "11-1 U·'t~, )). 1fi, H, iU"", I G"n.-ral EleDtric'Jl test
f'I'ntl'""""

or

llel ievc rhut snrne j"n:)j:tO 111t I'fOJ I a hindfrli! "f gl>'lfS and ultimate hl)[UI'C "i pu In p "N It{/ Ih,tl Jri\'<.' !.'(}upLing between m\J!or Jnd pump incorporate u sstetv ,~h~'''r!i '1k or l,in to l""L,,r~d intctn;d p:,t1~ "f
('I1IJlP.

r;ns T11 I"hi nu Fuvls U oll r... n!~I'i"61']tS. 1r~ A. Muelol)· ,<;, H. >I. Ihlil"y. ,lc"",,, U;_"es l, J lily \91'S,
J,l n. .._;.s·ji1~j ~.H~ !I::.I.

R",,,,,,

AutmJntlie Ar,'~rnfl C<l"Lrol. In.nl'''' L. Ana.t. A f'e'nt'R,1'i('(lJ EI\!ii",,~ri,,[I' Re)Jiew. July 19~5, p n, ~U... 2rf. Atr AlI";",, A"~ YOW' "'lIt".!,"". Willi"", D. l' .. n1_ri,(i!l'. Air ,1Jl'(J·i,.~, .Iu) ... 11118. ;nll.2iI~-313, AI"'''
jLi[W,,,I',)t'tL .hLiJ'

mntur.

Hy.draui'ie

P"usur-e

Ga~e-.

r\l'1.l'1

I}!I

hours. a fly.lf;'!uli.: fl,urd kJk dnchlpcd ~I II' 1" Jut'" instrumenr ~uh p,ILlt I. 111~~~ljS~ 'II ,h"Wtd it minute h,,11 HI l'lll" t,"lII·d"ll 1,1[>1 "I' Ihe g,'gt". M'agnetlc StCl "db', Composs. Inxuu nWfll IS not illuminated In ''-II) W.')r :Ind 15 irnJ1"~~jh!C' 10 rtad J tom!!" Use (J( one ",' Ihe
p';III[', ~ru( Ilglils ~WlU]jt.J !1VtrIH."!l,I ;. irup.r~dt~1. .1, lh~!' .If£' dt'sl,f,'Ocd ff>! ll'l\\'owllrJ tlluruinarion. !I..,-ti/illt/dld tJ,~[ "l!lnUr,~d"rer "I"11lply wrth 1'110<. Si.l4,l ,of N~"'At!I" ~-j I~-~" I eq u n~lllgi hu L till IIHtTltrll ent s be illu rrn nutrd ~!I .1.' tl) be fbldj!y vi!;.iI11~ rur rnglu fh·in~. CyUndel" Valve Seirl.. At 11111 hnurs to_.,t time. "a_l\'~ WlI in N". 1 ~yljnJ~r "f I'(JH engine fai k',J l"l~,kag ... U1ld nllming hud u( • curred between the two flI1J!_S "I th~ (Of1(.fO· lto~ gfIlO\'~ vul v'- ,e111 .. I .1 puinl in lim." with ,"'.'r rk pi "~ ,U1J .eutl"o'r Hf eX/BOllS! ~,:d' .. w:poscil ~-dgc "i ~,,"dl '<'t,lluinS tilJS blLtlleJ IlWIIY In 01 'R ... ,~n.1 ~fo'!!)~ll ar~'l ~~teml(ng

"_f1l'rc~j.li'>lJ: In\> , 'f rfJWl!f frl'llII 1It11,v:ablo: Ii1'rc.rl ,,,n rev!,!,lkJ <,';~Il lVIJu.ll'r>. frulll ilil" ',';Ir .1'<'''' I" f,"' I,,'J ug "'I~p'r""i, "j ,I ,ro'USII II I~ ~J> I IOlll'l ,',1 h'. or valve S,<,!B, Insp~lI'"'' "I "n,' HI' 1'1" ~ldiurJl'~ ~ hI''"'' nl j It il 1- \';1 I v c' sezu !1n"u:d I",,,,t'I l' rn tJ,~ I"i)j,~nln" t:r('IOVl' '~~'lIl retninIn~, tin!;. SUw/li.!, ,<,,"UtJ ,,'I< rid thar engmc!
,Ill

pump, Cylinders.. "pl::nlh"I!<,
p'lf!

During
W.I.

n,u",mti

"llt'd

P')'"

lt~

lIm."l" "MI'''fI"I~'' or CrlI".! rQJlh. L"'wls ,llr .lln,j~", J"ly ]'r'I~, P(I. 1).2~,3.46.
j;j .•• 12-11,

~I'bl~ N_!~~ AJ ,- J."'nrl'~.

,1I,!i;rcle

'l'he- S_il unuon In n~'f"""'" \Vi1l!"", S, F'''I~'lrn.fL.IO. 11 f" t"jH'l""'1I 01.1 u1.)t I!j t'llo:: ~ IU~ !.~-~H. rJl Wi • (l( ... w~r.sl.
11\1' i'IUJIWUt~~,' .

l!l~".

N-i.~I: Root, Il!u,.

A.~r'

I-~O"f"C~,,"

r',,>'t~r ,'h""nd Win!::. ,r",hn l'o'·n~J.: ll ...d~. ,1tr 1'1'1!1~ 1"d"rI"l. II u,,~ I I' 48, P!'. 2~, ~3, gil·. !fl. 1.llu... 11'lle. Ilk" " light IIInne ami. Canl!. 11.k... n hol.!l]i.rf1inh~.t·, I t
ll~ 1\1 ... f'iLUlII]lJtbl!~

"ljui i'>'t'u \Y ith the bWSl mu,liIkJ ~:JIIHI \I~~ 1'~1'~t' M,ol.~ l'l furl'1i.slll'i ns S~IUH .I~ Ilrtl(liLoll D'ning 1.!I:\),;rl1Uln ,mhing p-I''''''f opem rions, ;;tarDo:lrd engrue buckfired Il.rm'gh I'b~ ioJllc(j'IH ~\'~1~!11 ,;nJ H~vcrt1y d:u"age,l airt"rOi fi in 11rvn (If "" <'~'I' rv romp artmen t, l"h ree backfires 0[('1.1fWI! beillIC propel ler could be: f~;lrher~J nmJ cngine ~lOrp"d, Inspeetlon s11l'11\ ~J I hill exhu usr \'Idv~'" ,mel Sel'!, hud !.ta~d In th,~e rvltnder s, In ''rlmder Nu. 6 111(,- t1>lil.nll'l 1"01\11;,f~,c h~d dlipp~-J, Jnom· J1"-rllt:l-t 1»' wmidcr.,ble hurn inS ~\\;1) "f lh~ ~"h'e al,d. '·,1!\·t· S,nde ""ss. (_l' j,rlJer ~c~J 'l b" r r", k",j HI II CK be 11V~\r:Il ~ Ii.l US! V,11\I!
l~ntl'r ttl n'l,l1Jle

s..

F'UI·.t~4

HdlmITl-1"tT Httv~luU.lrie.r:"t. Atr~.j"r~C-'tlj. 1~."{m~fJlrt ... JulY

G4 F~

lll"8~

IhL!~r; In usc,

1'1', I ~·lIi, ~~. nl "". l\ - [ FIf !l'h r", 1"' ,'(!V," I R,,-,, 1lc"h W~,·li. ,Ju., n- !:!~. \1'1.1>, p. l->l.

nil

ttl.

A -v hI!I~"

'f'1"'Uf'k (.I:'-n.:r· l'l·nr.nl~e;il; ll.i:llh .Lltint)!~ AIl!xa;nJer /o.lo~" rEl-y. ,l,ui .. t'"n W ....);, July .i, I Y4l!. Pll. ~l, l":!. lltun. (Cllt~'l'll~",·I"nllt.olb' g~Olrtor [,age r,llIn~.) WIo,,1'. r\h"o~ ('JI' Jto~ke'b: ~ Avim!ihl1 1J'e~N, .lllly n 1\'41'1, ". l!a. t +~~\ l~~ N~v~t ~PiNl l '}l ~rn:t Eng+ne Bu.ytn.i4 R.-.Io",·t ~I r'I_,\\l-" en, .-J ,·;"li<>1l July 12, I~.l~ pu~ it, J~~

,p"

W~~".

.:h'·

umund

,I:;

r;.f("ul11fcr<'n,,·

and

{I,r -'j

I't'r,..-rit ,II It> JCptll !n cvJl[]d~, Nocelle Toll Cone. FOIligll(" U "k~ ;11'pca.r-ed Ul lOp skm of run~ It,~t"1111'k, :pI'" J.I~r"L Cr".h I ,',Ii.'l~,lfrmn Jlternl"~1 til'''l
l1n«<ch ~,d~ 'If Wing ~!illJi\f1 No I-~Il FJil,'i~~ w~rt" Id~Ill,t"lJ! 011 J',,,rh p"rt ,mJ ~",rhrl~' d (l,nC'~. N.,yIJll/Il,·"J rhut '!'(1tr.l~I"r I'l"\ide beltt"/" mrnnaj ,li)fICo' jag (lOr "11',1.'11 lit -Il'~!;nlbl)"_ m Inrt:
,,(1 ,t,ffl'n~t

,md l"t.,r ~p.[rk pltl~. In ()'li"1kr Nil, l~ 11,,:(1);1.].1\\ I' ,II ~,,1 ,~. IUI< ~l'M 1Bul III't I h~gIHI. willI,' ;(1 ,),jilHll'l' ~p 16, !II" f'''IoH~
la.rrh~t_

.wd

hl,J p"'e"'5seJ

~7. mlL•.
10[11'''1.

Ma,,-n~~jllm A.. " V,'~ight S.over. '1<0 ......!;91' H~"I<, .lg~JI !~, 11!4~. PP. !l. 2<:. ~4. 21). 1{'I.I:kIo1 tl~ fru!'Qi!l1! IHII![ Te:mperiltu.re. .Robert 11IcL.I'n~". l'""i'l'!'~ .I ul_\" l:!" W41l, ))]>. ~7. ~~, N /~.~~l' ,1·1.1'~~".~jl·b. TJnlH'Y-..1l.,.~ y PTo:grt"sS"~ R,o'b~ l'i'~ Hut:.'.. .., l~!:ul·un~ ll"t::f"",,'. J Ill.y !;i. lU'48., DD~ II. I;:, '{S.l, [)",h..'1l ""'] 1l,·\,'_,'I,·,p,wm.L R~'[",,.t. MeL....t I'. U. .1 v't,{lio?l H j!~/i, d ul·;:t ~fL lI1IJ.8. DIl .. 22-

W."" .

j1

Pr-op FeolhcrinqMolor.
t
I

n~ pn 'pd Ie.

,!ilrh<)iHJ

,lAd

pUU'[, r,,",Ihl'fltlj; nll 'tnt "VUhl'"dte,J fa, k·d. i\.• ", pump '1'1',1.. H1~I.111".1 ,1I1J "

r~.LI h'_"rUl~ "pCf~ll\JIj

Dllffn);: ,I pu'en

tI '!lhl,

r"".tn'·'lll"n h " FIr,j,. M [ehnul n. FNltieh. linl._' III'I~, JJI'. Ill. IY. 711. n,~ .,\1,· ~"li",,,"1 r;lIu,',I. ('n). W. 1\. n. .noh-· I'd""", 1<'1,'/)0". i\u~,.", I~ IS.. N'. 18, :W, Gti'. G~. 'l'f'II ..... Tul'1)w"-' ~If .:-:.i\l!i·'dtl, Hohert W~ .Marlnwe. (·'hf-"HI'. ~·\I!I-:::U!ltt l.1J I~~ In~l 2U~ 7;'~ (Air t"lL.mmlng
1·1'Ij MJ '\ l"1,,!'
I,-t'

'VH~"

!u

oth,~j

l'tJ~~rll)' humbrir-i:1~)

!=:In~h ....::-;.an I

m"~sllglllinn ~)")"'td Ih,'l ,.,. I Lli ·,llJ ur >! fJ ,'ell UI".1l i

I'n: surt'

("(·Ollt

Mnlor

W1\S

st(Jppnl

re:, ...£\i ng !Of! f! f'~i. nl~t.n"Jlly at rim r"idt.

[)i'l.1MClllh 1 ,,[ (lll- (lut ~tvrlch ,I")\\'(:J .l w~'m \I

,H";,el1l.-.,h;; r~J SI'I.l "n lh~ "11J ,'f fht" rr",~,u.re p'stoo. Tlli.s ,w~r Indiclt~d Ih,lt U.e 'prinf: h.,d h~en ",,,,1< ;OJ; ~g~ im! Ih~ und ... · r lilt fate, nUhcr th.1n' ;I.g,un~r I he shoulder '" 111, h Illfll IS lhe ~ I'T "'g ~ea [, R JfO IIU'/o": lid 11'111[ \1J"ultk·( uf">n whi,h Ihl! prU\iHC spnll~ rl.'~ IS.. be 011 bad, h' rtlw r f r ",1.1 I ill' <'nn 11 r 1111.'pi,tOll MIU th..: l'lhI be dMllf~r~<1 ~<) I f'l! will 11:1\1,1;1'1 't·~ttc.!Ill'''" 1'110:- h"u h\>.:'< ~ Hydraillic: Seo!. t'lll.lr hyclr(1tt1,~ l"irks Il,ne IIctu rt~'<l JUrtns (1\0;; lil'~t I ~O ttst J I"W_i. All '~~h !)H:"Utrcd w!Kn ."l'o;:·91'~ g.:i.,ker w.l~ ll~L·<I. -.x:'J,t/1 LJtt~ lvii', gl"!sk"" ,~ u.~",1 ,In lhrc-a<1C'd rlttong'> with ., IJm I'lul. in.iil", "dg~~ or tilt fiat fW~kcts (,!l.a".!W WI th tho:; \ hrl:'1].d.. b~I-'\'«~'l1 Illl! fliL!ng lind Ihe nut. 1'h,s sllbi~us till" sa:;kc:'t hI "iJt~ ~rl<\ ''''l-lS wh"h o1rc nUl ,lprmr~nt llnul r~llure ()fruTh. Leaking fiJI gaskets wt:J"l: rel'b'red with "0" tins ~"I(klllg type AN 6:m. Wlltl. Ihe "(J" ring 1Yfl.~packing, 1111 t:JUII edg':s l"'l~t '" b", ,·hewed bl' the IDfltlns

SOOKS
1frO 1 t,,'tt,f )1; rht 1U"'71 (p_ "rl tIl,.. ~l~a,d~~ n,,",~. Ii ••r· Ql,j U. I! Ll'lll.:m. Uri 111~·r. ,,.tS $n.
j

~butn,"I.1
How

., ,1_ ,'11('" I liN. U;-:. '7 Jt 'j,rj~ 'I')]~ J\l·... N,,'\!' IHl.qr&llHition. ~\~Il1. ·1;3 • . Ch3.rle~ 04 !' ,vb,!. M"j.. \ F R. ~'l "/nllo A 1.I11""'t 1945, G'JI· 'U;, 37, fi~J t A~1i' PilH'I!(,;' IIhjnl~ r.h:i'iiC'nnL~(Jng, re.Sh'lHl,_;r ,lll1r;nl" (""1'"

r~'i~t-,!:In· Out r l\i.l.dct-)I.tn engle • " j.'! 1"""1. ,'H!g>L,t 19·)j'. PP. 32.

1.... ltll""-S~u '! Hfln~(}n ,1\11y Illig.

(:"-1:dr·e.

m'.

W~ Bard·win. 11-17. i1I~,

Th....
....-1 rmr~

A.l f'

B"':(~tll.L"r,

• jl'" "'H~ 1 111 ~I ~fl.
Fr~t'':(?k

r

.I<ll''''''

,/" ru

[JuUJl'lq nIl,
j

Upt"'~. ~!!I N ... ·w 1"/lun' Par) ••.

J!","

Sd~H~\·. \'i'lliL h~ Ae.rnnautle~. n)4S. 1')J. i, 8.

..~i"..

;,j't U'.. t,,'bi
J}I"tl:·1,l.f,',
jl;t

~rrtn"

Ph, jj.8 filllJ :Sud Ii 0 ,.-\u..t.Tl;lJlt 1\1.1~)~ 'AI, L"fJlI ors.. ehh'::'lV..'~ I 'J1htl'~ 'Yll1u')l-rl1J'. fi ~,f I ht: oml ," 1'1' A hi lH!!UJl.i':'hj.U,l'~' "l:tIT'i

r j~ p I·j,\~n.. rll lUll ll~ I,"hl't·~.. H j,i';txH II, dij.f;it~ wrt,i~ J\l\d e:n.dy f"'I)t'1'~1tIOnE!i In Ill' l b~~ at's.j\ \Ij,lmll~lto r't=..ftJ I"{!IWU:: ~OlJi l't1? thi~ I,nuk ",,,-ke~ ([ ,Hal; lI""l"b",1 ~"",,.·I~UUQlI '" the bit-~(, ry of rh~l "t"'£U'. I
nf 1'l1..!V'(,n

lf~, (~lc~I\1"'1l ~ n I 'V'I.'l'f1h"~~

n'm- H. 'ltilUF-nl: I j.1 UJ, lmr\" ] m!Llj tu .,nl~ II. T~. f.",..ull.'~ FI'''iI~b~

Ilnmllt<lo, S["-nrffi"I'~ Hollflw tited ~'I.,.I .. , .I,,"<! 1V 1>1, 11p. I U. U. Sl!:.

nh.~,

"Blatle.

PI"no

I·'~.s.

t~

.1 ".':oh,.,.,1 inl' Af1:"',,-n. J ~rry ''''i"htcr. SkI/II·U,{;,. AOU'tl"Bt ] U4l:!:1 I:I-"JI~ 11=1 fI.1 .tH)1 ..1·8, Hlus-., I US.'\Ir jet U'Il.iJl;'Hr lIt 1\i-l" FO'rQl> l;!""... Ch>lnrllnl'. A,i,."',lfL.)

Wmi,,-,,,.

,..,h" I

Will 0," rti""ljlJ~n"" '/!"l<l, B,jeijen. ,sk~. ./,-,11", !\Ug,ul- I !)4~. nil. 2ll. ~7. ~ l. fifi. Hlus. f ""~_"l ...it-c. jet tI1'l-11,·L1lt!!:io!1 I Vl'lJl~ ~m bli,S major

P,',,"

i,a.

MA.GAZliNE ARTICLES
with 13'onpr~. ,,{~rJ~ I }~"e.1Jt, ,I ulil' II',I~, n <,. :1.0, ~7. 11~.. 1Ih"... (I"ru II & \\ hil "Ii!)' h::J'lt~ ~m UIlU., ltU.)Ii:l: it..I'I, .rtn:t:lnt~,) OI'Umuliln I' Pnu~iI:;"~ 'I C;nrI'ip,~ l.... ight~ir with Clnw". t!"fJJ !"Iy lV!8, pro. ~I>·~O. III!,., r:-;j"y"g i"~~k-I':nd Wn ... rur~. Cy tnluwwl ... 1,,.,, LJi,)".I, ,1101)' IrI-1'11. Plh :\7. ~~, I(II)-JOr,. iii"•• IItL1H,I..., II El. ~~, ~''':. '',,,..\.In·~i.-:d l"h"onl-i'R1-tL;'
*INI.J n'r.'I·~~ r'{I'.Fi~

rrh~..!

X F-J!;; i""rn"be Frltht~l" I'll, M, 8\, iII"".

Sk"w(ZcY., AUlOll<t lOIS,

n,g",.' •.

("..nIIlI"'''_·''';blUty Selt""" SI,,!J'WfJ.!),. AWI\Ilit r9tH. PI). f.!).~:I, 1IlU". (ltol,"ll\lc<l I"om N {iVY pnbli~1J_tion.! 'l'h~ n",Wf> <>1 \h Slfl'crloonlo >\1'1". Dr. lIogh L. J),',,;Jen. NACh. 17,,~ .. 1•• S"rVi".8. Jun~ I!'~R. 1'1,. Il-H. !l1.

11Ift:!,I,
~~·w,,!

N"""NlI,,·./.i II.II.( 1l,1I SOIskel LV)l~ I", r <'[, I.,~ ... 1 '\\ ilf\ ·'Il" t! 1);'-\ r j' IlL
.lJ:1!L·,n·r pUIIlI' I"' Tl"cth WU~

'fh,· Anr"'. ni

.!~Ilr~

lJ;jt(~~1~ .Illly

]~IIS.

rh

~~~r~ H.til"ly

~n

l~:y
Hf

'fl~,·lung. Antl.I'cer Pump. Win,hl.td,1 (ad lOci ~ ftc r 1 c9 {("I h 0"

r)t1.1~"I.:·II·;lI"
i\1~lj

'~n' JUve~r.J
Mtl,h;1 prj, l~. ~rlll

11

diir~~'··IIi.!'I"H~" IIf

tin'

N~n(.\I·

~··hrllnlrttl1l 1··~111 ~III ~'~.j UW~I,IiI'~ .J~~lil~
Jll,i,jIltill,lllll'.li'l

,\ ""li'o i;UI'V,v"I, IIl"~k",, AIr 1{Ii"""hull.I:-.~j·,., Al~t$hn, O~ s. IUlS. I~'l'~ 111. 17,2:..
lj

!,~rN 1-,':;1

~I'W
~ ~'ol.t'J

m.

Fi;.chn'i'i:~
1 'I L.

\VIII
{'('~;"IIi.

l' [.

ilh.~.

Nn

~·tr'

f~ilr •• 1·jJ.ffi(::-::'i ::ie-tUII Gti.~Y. I n.lffj ~,~, .•, P"rnmU'd~~rflll!

N~~hl l·ii).~htl!l~in ~torjd Jt .. US:N. .r ul-y llJ~8.

37

AVIATION
"OUIIIIES SHOULD Bf ADDREliiSOI

ORONA,NeE
fO THE CHiEf Of BUREAU Of' ORDNANCE;

Tank Test Stops That Leak
OUt "f III( r .. "llm' <I."ign.m-lIl\ 111\' 1\"1.1111111 ()t.Jnll1l\l· Dvpnrnnern lilt" N,I\.d Pr"';r\~ (,l"lHl.lld I~ th" lesllng iur the l'lurt:.HI "f t\"ruMHlit~ jl( "'If-,,ulllt; [ut l ( !l~ II~ ~1.!l)1eJ f',lr us,' in 11;lvn! "in:-nlfr l\c,\V tYPI'S of ~ndJnl' und (1\11'''-Ul.t I (Ill ~tl' N:inJl- uevclllpul hy ~.;II(Jlts rublu-r (""'nro.mIe .... und t~,red hy gu nlu <: and shell 11":l~I1.QntS. The aCI.w11'panying pu rure shcrws a wll which wught Jire lurrng Ihe resr herr cffurt i~ Iwing m.ld~ to .:-l<:"l-I"f1 ,~ self ~enJjng ruol tunk ",t!H'1l ""II' s've maxunurn pertormance for I1lil1]1I11)11 wdghl

II'

"r

Dahlgren 'X-Roy' Gun Firing
TUl' .I\hnilln ordnum-e ~k,paltm(-nt at N.I\·"I Proving Grvum:l, Dahlgren, I~ continually .~e~rcllit)g Jur Ill" JUlU bdtt r mU"<1.1~ ,,{ ••h· t+tlnill~ te~1 d~tl,' 110 lh~ present .~iru1Itt },Ilm>. II; well :I", JJeW expcr irnents l gun" 'I'u fillll Hut l,~,L(.·II}' wluu gm'~ lin orI'd,lc IIf It I,:lln wlwn It Iii li'i~g. ~ rncrhnd OJ' fJ~IJ;Inil Hw Inuwiucl!t 1'[ !I\\: pMt~ with rt'irth',1'1 in e:,J •• rther Ii." been used r'lr ~"fI1(; [Hill' at U,lhlgrc·n. Tilt' Ilwrh.-.d \\''1" developed bv III<! h"lti~,tirs rcs(>~rdl labnnu.,,'v n] if-Le Anll)'~ Alwldcclt Proving 1wIllaL The instrumentauon shuwn 111 the pllllll'l • .~F.lph. re ur Is rhl 11111\'['111 111 ~lllJ1II ligllt Idknms rnuuntcd nn the ~111 parts. The plLlIJ~1: shuws ]'''111 ri!!hl t•• Idt, .1 drum It· "" r ding C:lITlUI'a, ,I high inlflm,h Ilgl,t It sequence cornrollcr, II peukmg nJnp!1I;N. III1J .HL CI~I,ttkllll),.dlj\~11 IWIlllg f(ltk fklr timiD/; Th~ gUll ,hlm'l1 I' I h~ lo I1Jm ....I'.·M.; with ()'ilndricalll,q11t .reflecrors ~tl(IJ!ed til t he hull .1Mel11hl~, till. hllil ."du,", .1 11[1 Hl~

or

,,,,,r,,·

BUCK ROGERS

NEVER

DREAMED

Of THIS

MISSILE;; DAHLGREN

BRA INS

POINT

!HE WAY

TO THE FUTURE

Guidedl Missile Is Unveiled
i\l1llJn~ t11~ I!lOlre ~":,'f~f "I the BUI,kd rrus>il~;. bl'in~ ,!o:Vl-1nr",,1 h,,, heen rill' pr()grlll11 c arrrud ImJ r /1'(1/"" HoM" Horse Th ... 1>1'.", '(1 h,l~ been 'I' WLIl1 Ih:!i very cw people in Hure.ru "f OrJrl,ln«' '" -n- .lW!U'O: lIe It. Btll IwW .ill ""wI's ure off and (he wurkl b lnlllk.l h' kflUIli ...f 11m 8f\:.,1 .Ieviu-, 1'b~ protflrype rni.~sill· W;I~ "rigulUll'U, de\·t::!U!",.1 ,lnJ t~stl.J "l - ,1\'<11 Proving {,rouml, D;Jhlgr~'''' V'I,. h,r an eJ(ltihi[ und required tlu ~xr'enditllr~ ,.f several ni.1ll-h,1Un work lw t'e!'}, Ip~<u.tlj~c,,1 pcrsnnuel rn aJdlLilm t~1 ~ hl!gt' 1"1I1~)' fur l1HI\cmJ, (SLrlllmge.i). 'file rnissrle is \~'Ty versatile hut is in' terulrd dl1Cl1y (lit gruwld tu grllund 11'(1• U • ~liSj("tI\' I1~W I'rinupl~ are in\III vt:<1 in Ihl' tllt'o,)' 01 UPL't'IIUOIl, but an llmazing number "i "Id prlllupk. luve "ten dllg up to hL '("rUed 1fI WII·Y' I'r<,\,j'''I~I)' unheard i'lL Guidance 1$ slln'la,. I" ti,e K.ullil",;:e S)'S' Ll'111 f'fnl'ul,j"n 1< ~i.,.iIM if> the Rldd;,; K»,

ui I"!:rafr has b~en disrribu tl;d (I) t he l'kct This ~5·pJ.St' 1~llbIiC!1li,!O sets f(~lth th" ul-

lnwunres
menl,

nf ~<."I'vj<."IUJ ~l);1re service .

"qUIP'

rmuntenance .ltJd ,1,,'CS OJ'y equipment rcq'liTt'J f"T the >upl'llrl "t1.ira~flOl,eratl,jm for .. 90-day perIOd under the most rIguw1I5 "p('Tallo;:; '\lOJiti\llI~. All rumb, .. lIiHllIfl, lack planes ;IOJ pntrol
"f

gun rereiver.
!In no)' p.lrt

TIll' cdl"" turs
II)

run

be-

nu umted

lll~'gUll [!101tJIIUV~'S

,Iutlo,l!

irtduujng

r,g"lt!r~ .• rr-

in production
III

planes nuw in 5~n'ln.: und expected to be a yn il-

able

the near future are inrludcd, It j" !o he noted t.brtt allowances Iur I'~F, l'fj!"

and I'~U airrraft MI_' nnl .\11[111 . Ao 1nrerirn n ulluwance ILIt ruveri njl t11~.1.. JlJ'a,lfl '''fll he issued priur tu the date tlwr Me ll~'isnl'd fur service use
~uh'{''lu<,nl III the release of this !i~t ",-'tiun h.Hj been t~kt:n ttl ('h"n~t till' number of aircraft "~5.gnet! to VF and V A s<lllad, fI'"~, A,(urJingly, it will h.. necessary til t~jlnr Ih" several :, IkmrI<ncc~ rn proporuun lUI), r~r;.ul[iDg 1r"u;ons t•• he, ;ldlluflc.cJ ill Ill~
next I"-r~cr

hlillg The path III.~1 tile 1'('lIe,lun. truvcl r ;dJV~ to cadi 1,t!.U "udn,..: tht; hUJ t Jiring III Illl' gUll I" "'t'rr.!t"ll .. n phut"gllaphi. 1'''1"1(,1' hl' relicction r,t the IjJ!lit nnd the sequence (!\Cltt~ (,til ihUl he stu.liud, Ji .. rmccli rncas ~Irl,',t, vt'lI\.Iti", 'illd Mc·t:1tr.!llnns ndl'lIl.!I~,1 .. d a permanent f\'COI'd IIlalh.: .<1 JII.,t wlurr w p~)l-in~ h,; iJ~ Ihe .Ilu 1'1. 1·,d.tJ"U~ Dut.r: Such J"t.1 ~ Pc "i ,Qf{1It

.,f

',,1

value

111. h~ l

J;"tudy

i,j

lht

lundillnil\tt

"f new

A rouunurnouu.a d;:\'~c" i~ provided whidl r~ limited onl)' hy lung power. A starulb)' ,~~rtj i~ pto:wiJed for g!'eal~r c1jsl!f.llcc: ur to overcome broudua I d (~t\l(b~m·t, COn.~jStillg "f hel!tJplt"l1e~ which nmy be plugged In tu 1111,)' hnndy rHdlll t\lnriLi~ing ,t ret-upwell,. Per. 01111;1,n(e figurcs arc ,tdl M'tre! hut Ihe ~I'~('d •• >If Ica~l l( 111Uli1UlIlI1. Tdh rrcj\td the rtli.."fll- ""rfllrrm:d 'at;,. f,.(tuttly .11ld "ducvcd Its r"rl"~St; hy provld.
ing conunueu

sions

whnle IIUHlb~t, uhsequent rev I. IIf [lw, list WIJI reflect sUlh ~h"ngr"

mus~j stumb Ie; linn pnd will
prepilrcdne",

c.njClvmt11t ~nu nmUl!:elnllJlL Tilt: rt# J. for iJTIllwJiate PfI)llLlL' tak" It, 11mp"r phl('t' In the p ...'gr~!lII.

Aviatioln Ordnance
Re\lbitlO
tiM

List Out
rANK BURNS BRISKLY AT DAHLGREN

., P" t.., .N11~Ord l.bt 20S?U, n"l~ordnan,~ cqlliprlll~.Dt il!JOI'i~rum: liS! for P~ANE fU~(

I'uts. ml\r!lllfilIIlHh til 10(1''''',,, th., J'.1te- "I hre. or ,J'·C1'l.".I .. · II" j1"rt~ hn·Jk..lgc 'Ill 11 ," new f)'!" ~pnnF dc, ..nd ." ~mtJnthins {Jut the (unrtiol1ing r,t rile gun by J'~'dUWlg 1111· ".1\1 l001.hnt:s anJ oy".lml< str"""ti_ I dl'art/lAc u,',ff/ln: ~1'lw reSlllts "~t Ih~ mcil",d JIt~lrihld ahUVl' .11'( 111,)1'< .ILllll,lr~ IhM] Ihe I'rCVimb Illdhlld~ "'ell whith ll)n· ~Iskd ul ta kJ ng Iu:g.h spe(!,r pili l[Ogn!pl~s to ,~!tItrmine Ihe ndlllivc 1110111.11) "r ",un. Pilfl~ a~ clught t>y the r:;tnlcra JlInng ~irll1g
J( ~'R' r ie(

38

I'd

THE HOWLER
Wkm Iht 1'110' <If Ih. 1"lIdiJl!: ge"r 1:;n1(Orgcn y ..JuJnP ,",,,til ..., (:''''1'1,,11 J;,,~i.Jo: (~"",cd thlUlit;1I lh~ vnlv su m. lh IJIr"j,n,L; g",lf "Ill~ Ill'" !I~lly f.'xremlt!Il, result. II \\ ht'l;\s'up !MLllni,!:. EI<;In1111111I1oT1 <I( lit,· \.d\l: ,'~';<'l1lhh ,hi.\\, '<I in~ul!lLl~lll p"LkHlA In th~ "nih til r, ,rll' .1 ;l"d wlu-n ,Ill 1,111' nut Wll~ li~hu!!lt'.t Otlwt I"'ttl~ ,11IIw~dII"'" [um nuts 1'11<: v.llv!;' .tsscmblv, 1.1111nut, ,lnd nlhhl!r r.,dd"tl ,lr,nl1.1 h. In'j"tl.·l.tl'<i PI(\\,~I H"
.1It HII-l lhl:,l

II<S! "l'ry ".. rrunutc when I WIIS ,[hi" t" w lli"\'~ ,m" 01 thuir $lln"ws. On I \I juru Bernidi i, MInne~IIt.J, 1",ld un ,tlJ'slww w rel!:brilll the;: d,,<;!iwtiun .. f its nt'~ adrninisltau"n buadln~ "tid "lSI' th <'11111111[$51<)£1' IIlg nf i\:AS MI"':-,.ri\PI1II'::' fir'" AVU(A). Needless T,O >llY the Rim III/H"h were Ihl.' rrl'~1I0g on the II<'rilt! nke. However, as

Ail!!."

Af!t'f
I

rc~din~
I kll

""Wj'

\\'J

ill'"I'

nn

II,,:.: /Jl1!~

Check The Bottlesl

r w,'~ present I would IJk(:
Ihut III!

l[L

Ihe

to l·,lll

".t'nt" with mi' cumera, III -uur attenriun the

Ill<"

'AII~"/"

HYing [11(;

number which

h.,ltr <lIl"!<- .'n<l ,'1"11l IdlllinJ! Jlo->:,dc but tic IFalse .AI.orm on Beechcroft, A)1 ""rt·
Olflty ;11 (,"<'rl' l.!t) ,oj till. r.]ff'!"ll haul 11:1\'<.' III 11L"ti"ilv rt:11t1lf~

j",

Irxtures lllt,,(iletl 'Sttipl'ing lIflt],t b~Il<m,;., !>[J<'ketsmd Hlh('~ tlw nxtures were il1sl~Jled nn the 11\'1" henrhcs. JvI('t~[ shades Were then

bad

JlI~'I<surpl"s

filh'f~S.;:t'nt

light'ng

who,d

h~t<Q

Ih~1

IIlllT'Jtil1g

[ul'bc I Ill;! a \ "Jl~HIt;r'llll,
;In,] 3,,11:

JdlViL,.'s numb; r

.rssciubbes

ou ~"Ij/ IKlt

.,bl'''l I~ 111"1 I.! strurturul ra.lure hili I~ " .. I)' in tftt ~"I'l ~"Idllwlmh Ius he''''!) .IPI'JIo!d 1,1
prnJrr'
0:

ilUldi, \\dlt'~b ~I1J bruk ... IKC;llJ~~ "I ihe "pf'ntnln e of '1 ,ra.k hd\\l'tn the ,INk Il~cdl piN )oil) , 1l1!lJII~. ,111.1 thl ,1'C<'\l', H,,,,dl " .!'I ,")·IWI,l,1I '['hl .. md;... II pr"cnL L'I1 be l"cll.t·\1 rr"J· 11), h) LXJlnilllll!l U,l huulth:r h~IWI:t'f1 lilt 1I);ll ;m,1 ~I~~H ill1l1l",diul!:ly .ulj.rcent III I lu, Irt"dMJ kj;: "I lht' b1lJIn)! }lea.r 1<llk I'M.; 'I'hi. Jr~li I~ n"l rll I'll! u;olu.eLJ With the wdJ"J tornt between 111",I ~\I: ,111.1 lilt uxk pl.lll, Bl:tl h 1'1 ~'ll-1~gJI),1,) InYL' 1l~"'llOn ,11,,\\, r!l,li the ,r.,ck J~uihl,1

ul"t,111

\'<jlJirl'(>,1

with

.mpr,)\"jst.l in the sll~'d rnetu I shop which threw rllununaiinn tl/ the work l:lhlc.. hel(!w und 101 1111:k~tillg equipment ..bovc. Thl" C\iART ~IJIT ,lui:IH'J th. ,11lIf' 1.L~hur tit" l~Sl 1I1s1,~lIl1ti'lll "I rhe kind in lh .. '1IIh·
Ill:ll1U

J
II'oTORMA'I'lON

.l.J, P H8nN~, I T. Cull.
OrlTlCFR

III UII

NAS !\IIW
III~' ~p(J I In r i'i<.,...,iI 1111nJhu' 'II< mus h.IY, glilWn ,,"t lIt lIlt' wl"ng Std~ "I ule hc.1 rhur ururning, f"r lu- ,~ lilt unly nl~n in tht '''lUll ,YILh IH' prop <Ill! of f"rnUltl['I1 I "1 sun., however, 11110'\ f~,1 J!Jn't grc:ldv )IIIHP"1l the <luJIt'II~< ~ .1Pl'rlonurkm of tlu hC;JLlLJtul I"h ,,1 I"'~'II1'm! h'I'I1lL11 inn HYing, .1,\1>1(-<; It Pr U....IN~, 1.'1 (Ig) Vhll'l A NAS l\11"iNIiM'ol t~ ~IJ();;

l));l FAN<

r,

~IRS:

rn vuur "rllll~ ".I. 1'11,,\.., lI( Sf"'II.Il""i'o in II ..e .run!.' t'<lll run, that nrrcrult "r{'n'['nn~ in tl1<' The ~UJ!,l.:",,.til'Jl II~ .1J"t~Jn(,J

enntled

a ",I I"T I 1..:111 ,~.II het wc( n I he

,wJ~

rs ujnrurred ju, It ;., h~lj~v,·,1 filii! "run,iLlt_,l'>lbll" \V"uIJ huvc I",,-'n [' better word than '.!XII'Wlt'," 111"'1:1',0". r',r lilt Iurther rru imu[,,)n WlllJlned rn ,'lO[H dflidl rI'~f ,"th 'II-'~r,,II~;;." IjUllo' .Itt 1\
IU

WIUH1;!lP,)j) river

I'r~'o'enl

c'~jn;lll"

Jerrl'l)l·

lhe npplicuuon nr thl' ""id,·, ,~ litO" II ,nd'l.tI('J h~ lkll'h Alrc(uit Druwing .N'L leO· I 1$>15110, w huh \ll~U' tht: cunsuuclillli "I lilt I.JJlJin~ S::<'ur axle ""st::Inhly, A.ll~cltil;, I)rl"r.<ti.tl.~ ,1','1\ ,Ind 11\11 ,lirn.li! '"1 th"retort J,~(I.unt «",b ill the liT"" .I,"", rlht'IJ ~I1J rctaiu tlu IffelleJ ,IS,'cmblh'~ In xervu e H".~,,',ltrlng "f tlw nu.k L.Jln he
[111.1 \lti'l..Vl

PI 1~'ls Ill~,klnJ::
,,,11:.111)' ~d
II(:C1SIL)J'I.
[II

1,IJ()OLh I'LnJJl1~'
II

lilt

tt'rellll[IIUil

,,,,I

'U-''''''I'IJ~ht'd b. rlu <lllli[ 1111)'

IlremllOj;

,1\ nvuy

\\ 'IIt

'1 hi., squudrun III the urJin;lIj Dlfflng tr:ffL'~In:r 111Ild il1_g; l1tl th~ lios.", 1.1. t:ul. Moore. the nt mn.Jt thl ::1,lIlIltll
l'IMding

un earners ,;lh lu: Ill" 11,,,1 'mt' ,lIg~'f I) "III

(i,tlt"t "uupo s..ihll' or ·'lI1lpr;tlll(:II" ern lr. Witncss th~ oxperrcnce wlurh II"" write, ~

IlW.ll 1'1uaJ ron, V I"..!.; , gtl' nc.d in such l1f>era· .11 thai very ~rk_ Other l'IU' ,tjuadrmh wl1ld, uperared ,1",1'(' were VIl". 111·1, lI11d VI',.! I M,.,·h/l.11 iI. II from lilt: rivu cuntlnuI,usly rroln ""m ,tltcr VI d,ll' \UIUI nlJ,lYl~!r
"ims

LETTERS
""t~. A
I,,~,t kin.)
I (ILl J'

"h"tlrd Siru .. h¢ was tH ~y 'lsI'M< hi, '"lUdins.~ wen ",mpl ltd. II,' tV.l' fntllron:J over till' hull Imrn bv Il1l' air "t'h,e .. Ihill h,' wlilIld be l"rdli,,'" ih~ 11,,,1,.
,1' ""1(1

,t,

.mil

'nl'H" Til"

"/0\;', Ll<ll

/I VP'~

G,._, '111"'" n.o
WCCl'

!\Tnnng the rnunv

1.1/1\''',,)

[l"j

t....

l1ders.

mm,,1 ,uk,f' ht~tEd,
Huwl'I'<!T. 1,1.
\\,111

"I

Iwld
01

WI'

ab(I.lI'd

("htapkuld, MA'",! sl1ip liver the ImIU,
dllli[Llltit'~,
'(I

(").ec, 1)11111 10

k

01) }!lll

WI'll

hl.1".1
<ll"l

,r

h\l~oh<,~n

htE-t

I

".1.11",

m"rhar-ucal

",<-led ;"

[1;1<11'

\\'1,,'111('" lilt
,II twill

,Ic~"mt"'l ,I;' In I'IH ,Iirulln \U~ ..t smglt: holl
IIlt[)

f1r,IX" IlL tilt' ru.k<: LUrtl~.

Upon

,,,,turning

fI"~1 (Im~t[1I<II"n, till"
Ill,111<,[

,I' 111~l!llll PJ(ll.trl'"

li,hin" NATe
rihl'1!-

"f IIi< ~1l·1 .,11;/ 1 F HA!I~ H t 11/,
Itl\lHl

\XI,II V(llI h. "I IlJr ~s hI' 1',,1->.
1'2V-t!

1:1T<lrll I,'[t'r Lil tht dHY. he h~Ullght milillcnt k'lk'" tu give l'''t:lt; pilot 0-1 the 'g11mlron ~ t,,'tO' in rl", VMI"."~r("h1Y [<\Pill..
PlllIlle VMr"I~':,
rNH'"~1~1'lnN III"n I'~

I

r

CliR,

1:1,To~o

1"'11 'LN'I
v(

•tits:
I btl ""1(.' the 'ng~nl IJty "f ~ it.1t"n k:-. ,hul' Iwr'l1rlflt'l 111'L,ttiug up the sh"p installa.twns Sh"Wh h~r< J~.,t'!'vt'5" m('ntion. Tht' iI1Stltl!.l.. IUln rc('cnd" Wl1S praised ",gllly b tht: in· .peering ~tl1lf 'l1f the Chili of ~,"':IJ Ai, Itc.5<·cv~ Tmin,(l,l;_ TIo~' lIc'UlJll'unYlng
r"hril,ltl:'.1 II'prk piCll1fl: ShIIW'

~\"'Inllf." IH,o:;1HI" ~Hl{fn~""'.ril1n)o·ln.p ph.,ifliol 1'1, lh,·

.In!!'t.· hutl

a'l"

~"'f1lt llrfl~'Ull,~.l lh~ J~n-l 11.,,11 w11h ,til' ["tll,1 w1!~ "dn !lI"~I.,

pr("

h.:ndte:5 .llIoneJ to Ih" ,,11;(·t· nJIHlS ~hop When in't,IIJ~d. hnw!!v\,I, ;1 wu~ fllwlJ thaI ,11.l~ ti' tlw ~har'-' u( dH: shop, the ,,"edliLng,ng ~hdv~s Ull the: JiUI! new h(!J1dles hlq,'keJ nft (T"~rlwad aod II(I[slJt lighting :10') ,lth~hlllli:"[y rl'l.lull!d Ilwi! clTttiln,,1' ,., \vork hmdw.;.
hni'
mtll[wJ

wllkh ,II .jIlt' lUlJ~' 'II' lmoth~r tlllrJIIg the '.,mt: p<.:ri",j prH"I~~oJ d,t: nec£"~~:U'1 I"sisti," <tll'l"'ott to planes and ercw, 111 Sh:lngJl<lI. TI1l'<t ~hip, w,·rl,. tic:d wi' at cl (u,11 \\-hll(r Dot fur r",m Lun,LI\\iUl "lTl'"rl, A <fUJe hut S<::tv,(c',lhle I"amp ut (l1(s ~t:ld prol'llJ~d tl>l," III" (''!5;try .1C('C~~ [II '"rem! fi rm;l" \Vt.~rJ ~ ircr. f[ r~qllired Ix-ndlJng. FM Ihe O1flSt I',JI't. Ihq fIIJe: • ~ lill hl)r, The (Ul:l1cultk5 "' w!l~tr O!,CrutllJn' to \\'hiLb Lhe lutid<: ,dl",kd WI; I L .,llgmented hr str!)n~ LununlS lI.ct(.! winll.~. Tht"'i nL'\'t" stelneJ til "'l11bIf,lC t<l f:tdjiiJII' Ult: making (II' bIJ(lY;, On MIIU, "n:loipnN. ht~rall\ lllllu's h~[v" b"l'n ~f1tnt in lhe attl'111[,l, I" "1" III' Jl1J W ·Utl1 II tier :l titgh t. FIJI" the Ii.lme "<;lL~t.Iru., rl'ann'r1g hOMs were mUre "f .1 1l1<'(1,1( t lh,m lL~lla I when dfcd-i.ng lanJ'l1gs, to wl)l~h ";rCl.llflstn.nct's heavllv· dented fll>"'I~g(/-' ,lI1.! ~I;lhili.z('ts hml' «-.nuoum" Witness, D~'l>itu ~111' O1:lny t!ifhuhic·s. IJuwevN, to It\)' kl1"wlt.:t;!ge fHl ",,,jilt r"i,lltlr~ 1:\'1'1' ,0(~u.f[-e<:l JJl till! Whltn~p1I" in connectlfln Wrfl1 Hil'lr,lft "I"CllIIII'TI 1l1"Dtilloed ~1'lJ\'~. TIll; :;u(c"s.~flll !O\lr liT FI~~'t Air Wing Oa" In tillil ntc~ 15 V,"plt! testimony I.) both the

enlisted lIten weill In 'Illest of " to 10'1IIIinJte 111('"b~llIJt' JJlJ ('JJltt.: i

plIs:<:IhlJit Q.JO,

.111.1 pral'fl~a)jl)'

upun

II

pile

(I

c:qujpment

d~c.1ured sw:plus,

H. G.
D.Il.PT.

'fOML!N.

or lhe venture. LT. DR,

NAVY

ReBtriated

39

LETTERS
Navy Test Pilot
RU5sian Air Force. . . . • . ..

.
13

Putt Putt VT-29

,. _ , .....

, . . ..

16
18

Navy Neptune
L1~l

, .. , ....

,.
.. ..

20 22 23

I,,, ,I iues

d(

Hickurn
th,ll

"l.St('-'ld

i,nJ~rcn"~Jttl\

{WIll

h'ht: ~(Jd

"f

qpa~Lin)!'
[mill Juhn

Water

Charo cleristics
01

P,OUI'0d Ull the 1"",Jing !'lImp fJ''',li lett t., fight .•rc: Fn~, CUI kino -, ,r.llio,q,lhl\lItnlt"r; I: d gn r Keruheld, iif"il r.ldipnhw, Jllilyl T"Iur. 1I1)l.1IL "t"~llr; 1'" III \,(lh,lnc'er, '~r"nd r.ul"'(J1:1n ,,11,1 1.1. .Ii, Frnnklin
IIllMiHlUl, K,mlTllms

R"Qg.et'l! AIrport

NaNews
Reserve

New Orleans,

Flying .•........ 28

Globe Circlers

copilot.

1111111 ,m.' 11!i1f11

~ntl

ril..-- f"m "i Ill!' '"llllnlll!ilil Lt (Ill) t.~IIr)l.C HII 1"IH11 "Ill...r LI 1,IIn
;\1

Navy Mine Depot. . . . . . ..
Maps A Lo Mode
Banner Leunehe

31
32

Ii. ("I,dUrHlPlIh1 l( HQ. PAr
SIR5:

33

r"l,nll

M ~ lioN

OFt Ir!-R

DII'.

tI-IA'lz.
B,,~- nil,
teurn 11l,-,rLlI recently t"JJgt·

• em III!
III

THE COVER

Elld"~I.'J 1'111 pI.llm: lOr un Sf'·) bdnll rvcovered lit s .1 wlurh Wl thought WIOuid h..

H<~:

111 " hlltl~ Wllt(.;'ll'tI

of Interest tl) N,w"'l picture: roigllt \I,dl

hl

J\VI"lLO'

Nn.:s

Ille

\.N>
Huwnu,

KA>';I

C)Jif

our

l'milkd.

'A_ ~ILJnl)'

our of tlus pU~ltW[] I'll (r,lin]llg the' r.IO~' (lrnuml, ar which linte the porL wwg tIl' '!JUlt wa ~LLhl1ler!l~.J .ll'l111It "ix "f CIS'lI fld unJer water.

HOUrtlng Sllrl/!" Hd ieve it. III ner, th IS (I I rnll ft WHS recovered wilh only rmnor ,1.1111111'<' It requirccl unly the replacement III ~ pi"'l Iubt ~lfIJ lines in WillS Ij~, The \,il1.~ lil~ R",,! II.IS S1Qve in a hll 11b'l. ]:.,,\ \'ny .Ii,ghlly Tbi~ 1I1nJ<:!H happened dUnllJ< 1111,,1"~'lF'-; III II ,1,.1t li« 1'~'(,,\erY on .I ru~,'nt Reser t'C cruise. "11..: ~J~J gm- inl" II te w"h Ilt til.. ship ,tDel l'arrl~'<l the p lunc lnt" Ih~ 't(.'rJ1 "t tile !>hi~'. ri W." RIt~l1lplcd to b,lI}S the rhlnl'

A [e~ seconds later I he P I,!II l t 1,!(1 ,(I'_J uself lind W,I~ hni~lfJ "l:1u.L[,1 In id l'IL.d II. the rilal, Lt. (lg) W. H, \'>l ilson 1':,'. balled out lib ut liv\: ~~'<lmb "ttl'T HilS flit· ture wn~ s:n~pr>~d 'HId Wj1~ ''''''''t'le.! Wf' shnrtly alter b\1 the sill!, s rnl~h hn.1.t The pi-lot iJgu("(.'d it .... jl-S I J 111~ 10I hdi.l "\It ,11 J R the plane passed " 9(' .Iegtec ]i,1 I" rnrl. fIll Iear tlw hWlsting SilOS would cuny 11\\ n1'

\ ,P-Il ) ·1.1 t,-J1ITI 1" uh \1 do", une 1'01 01 "ill the FIN'I ,\ ii, \"{lIIg TWIJ rlll~ d,;lmpjonshlj~ AI the (11.1 1'1 Ihe Sllo')L, h, ,til LtiUIlS were li.'d wuh .1 t"t,11 ~u,,'· f1t 1);2'1 l'ninh /lilt of .1 rlli~'lhrl\1011. Till' ~in.d ,Ie, 1'1<)11 was mudc with the III 11 ,~"rillg 1l',1111 hi r"l'id lire, "1 whn.h \ P-M,-, I:d~eJ ""1 till.' 1,lIldrl,IMI' squ.ulf,ln I>y d ,ill).:,l" 1'(11 III Hlgll ~\'Ilrl'l~ uf the \,' il1nillj.; lNfl1 '\~r~ 1.,- B. S. L mh"I'j\ r, and ADC J. R. t3~rg. \\ "0 hed willi .1 1,,1." ,II I I i"ttnt~ out oj " 1',,_--,,hfl J HO In l'ar,i<l file, c.llh fiJ~'d 1(. blllls~'\'('~ out "I' )(1. 1'11<' ",ngt r.J~.J II P" n wax .\ re}:lIiatl un lnll v;JJ'<! !'O/-:C. "11th 11:1111'1" l\,jrlto: lhl' M,I (i.lr:lnd I""g
mar_,l.(Il1III

\'I"MS'I'~

rdlc

rl"wllt',l

.1 "'I;Jp-

Now~"re In the world 'ls Ihe re mere .peclo<uIQ' mounltlln then in AI".~<J ood no pholog,ophet hes coplured Ihi& scenery better thon a cgmeremcn Irom VPP-I who ,ought three PM'!' 1P', flyln-9 pcut " tremendao. chos m n_eat 8ill 'Delio. Ala.ko. A d~· lachlnenl of VPP-I under Ll, C<ir. Chllrl". A. Von Dv.en i. m",king on nerial.u,· Yey of Alook,,,, r eseurces, In coaporalfo" with VP-Ml.4.

""nerr

four

drawings 01 Ruuio" [-"I Hghlcr< c nd bQI11eers. P9', 1J·I 4, c"IoIrlesy or b
A.jet/I)/>

PHOTO

CREDITS
photo

Week,

of

~u~310n ver-

,ton 01 8·::19, pg. I S. lrorn Boeing Ai •. craft Co, P~o'o on bad toyer, of
YMf-J44 senvllle. COr!ofn, Irom NARTU JC{I<·

AIR STATION QUIZ
Held, Nov." Air Moterlol Vfrginio.

nile.
Tlte c IlIIll1pilln;h[r 1<'J.lli .11(\11'1) Hh",J~ .( re, knc 'Iin,g ldr to riIli1r: LT. A L R.1511l1l'Sl'n, T T 13, 'i. 11mb.'r)!CI','OSI£:[1 M. _Murris, l'IIl,linJ;. AD - J. n. Berg.AOr I { j, l Icndracks. Altt'fll<ltt', un.] A[JI K V M'lyt'f.

Top~Mu.l;n

c"nter, Phllc.d"lphr". lower~NAAS Chincoteogl>e,

u.

RECOGNITION

QUIZ
built
by D....

Top~VQml'lro.
Hevlllend for

lin91~'ial

W.

WJ"FKS.

1 T.

Cnn.

Ike Bri!i ..h Navy.

o. '. WHJlUJl.It,

Bollom~Horne.r. Iw;~-~ng!ne, eerrlerbased plone bll'lit aha by DoHoyjIJond.

Lt

AVIA't'fON

rrr

U.S.S.
SIRS!

LI'LTLl_

Roc:!t (0.·92) N(f".d
show"

THE STAFF Lt. Cdr. Arthur L. Schoeni
Edi 1;1[

A

Ft.rlller

Air
111

Transport
tlus picture.

rl,lllc
JU

~Il.d crew are

prior 10 .lep,IMllrt' ,m It flight 111ll-tinauguI" ted .. the tin.t scheduled Hight ••r.1 .Ivy
U:Hlspurt fro<l1 l ln.kam Air , urn'

t

Dorothy E. Ames
Assi. Editar

Lt. edt, William H. Huff
Fe clvre Editor

der the: n~'I~ port ervi ce,

urg.m.il,c,1 MiJllilry

HII~e unAu Tr,JQs

Lt. Cdr, Rosalie W. Marlin
'1"'erle Edtl'o,

NAT. combined with AT rnukc lip tile mow !\fATS orga.niz:1.u(J!) whi.!l wlil now
Pllbl"hed monthly bV Chief "I Nevdl Ol'.,,,t'on. (OP·50-01 a.nd 9"rooo "'f ...~'''".,u!iCl to dl ss~ml"_ •• rely •• ur,,;.~I, rneln+ert .. nee ~"d lechnkal Dat.. Air rh"ultl b. O'ed If p,"clicable, ad""", to, Chi!>f a! N",er Operation., N.y-al Ay'.tTon ..,e"". Na.y O&po,tmonl. W~'hl"glon 25. O. C. OJre ,<1 Qommu~lea!;1)1I un I;e m~tI. , .. Na~al A.T~tlDn Nowf, Itoam 4~21, MGt" Nal"j' aid.;., oliie, tAl.p~an •• ,100.1,,", &1"2.

Lt. Cdt. Andr,ew W. Bright
l'ltghl SafelY Editor

,n.n

James M. Springer
Art Dlretlor

40

Restrict,d

S LE·EK AND FA S T

THESE TWO planes rna look strange to eyes accustomed to Navy aircraft. One holds the world's altitude record. The in iguia may be a clue. Answers on the opposite page.

--

---------------

II.i.l'l.70

VEJIl: