T

E ABeT

.LIBERA'I'ORS 1'IlrKi,!,!'I.·}'.

Ole

Nit•• Pll'no , '\,I!!1cri('41"!\

5'1mllu'o n61
hill:lU'~1

n,·
lit

pust

MI. ft.

NUNh

Ile~,k

20,aOO

-ICE CREAl"'
fOl'"msl.iuo in

mouutnin oasta]

lhepiloll:; of VP·61 "all Ibi!! odd runge 0,[ ~(lulb eeutrul Ala~ku

'GLAClER (1,( Murcld'llg l'tle~' i,o; II. river of ruggetl leesrrerehiug .'liIlDwl!'rd.n poor place for planes ill Lr011.blc toillod

NAY~L

AVIATION

NEVIS

OCTOIlER 194!1No.

28'

ACC:NT ON ALASKA
\\ ho fl.JunJ himsel f trapped in an Aleutian pass between tw 0 fOf!;·b()~ll1d j 5J ands, HC' roul J nil t turn around, He \,'US bufleted by headwrnds. Ccilin,l': and visibility were zero. What UI(.I he JO! Thmttling back his t:.llglnes, he allowed the WIIlU 1"0 blow him backwa.rds out of the moutb of tbe pass A slight exaggeration. perhaps, but typiGIi of Aleutian cham weather. reputedly the world's wors! The Navy Loday IS still Rpng rbis tough. e [ IIf all m r routes. The rrudition

O

N,r,

UPOJ).:

,1

time thete

was a

.5,

Navy pilot

ATS and its successor have been the main link Pet -i· hns had with the outside world. Thousands of tons of eqUipment and supphes have been flown over thme desolate l\ I',,'IIC: rlats to Alaska's northernmost tJ p. In n) in~ them. the Navy's transrort prlors have built lip a Fahulous lut of tales .I.[)(.'~uthair-nu;;mg !lying wea: her
~LlJJ

narrow

brushes

VI

ith death

;11

temperatures

1)[ 50

(Jepees
stones

started by Nuval Air Transport
v Ice is

bei np; (.1n ied on by vn - "i under Fleet Lnpstk Support \'V'il1l:~ and Lts pll[Jts ure aJdiilg [0 the legend, eve_r'gm\\' II I;;. which IS be Irt~ bllilt ~b0U~ Alaskan l1YII1,(.!,

er

below zeru. EquJJly wild are some I)t the these pilots tell uf Ily ill}! down the: :\ J eutian . cbain WIth its lUO mpb bendwunls, steam - belchlllg volcanoes beautiful In Ilr pastill dear weather - bu t deathl y to J. pdm ~ropil'~ his wily to Adak or Kodiak Aleutians,

five

times

ur

in the dense fo,us rhat blanket the N.,w.~ AVIATION Nrws r,

.1

\\

eel

VJ.t- ~ s

fou.r en-

l!ineJ It'jD'S 11) to Ad.lk. once ,I week ou t to lrm elv Iittl e A rtu nt rhe extreme tip uf the chnin, An~ time the t[J.filc demands <He grr;-nt c;nolJgh, FLS~' rolls OUI un n·ID ;UlJ (ames frelJ4ht and l~assellgers to Point R~fr()\V \1 here the NaY\' ilJS been Irmlil1!! for oil Since 1'945

CD.R. HOllENBECK

MADE ~IR5T BAI'!:ROW

HIGHT

recounts here some of these talesfew of them new. but tolJ piece· meal over a l,er.I()J o[ years. The:" represeflt adventu res .md narrow esca pes that were JJHl <1. re .J] rnosr comrnonpluce to Navy pilots nyrnp this rugged route day in tll1J da:' out, thf()u~hl!ut the whole year. Alaska is :still if] the Hews and the Navy still Hies a lot there.

1

PlA'NeeNGINES

K~I'T I!UNN!t<G AS SlJ.PPllES

UNLOAD AT Pl, BARROW

IIIAS POINT

BARROW,

NAVY'S

PLUSHIEST AIR STATION .. COMPACt

MUT

BLEAK MOUNTAINS AND SUB-ZERO
COL,D MAKE FLYINGDlfFICUL T
of rough Aying rn Alaska began building ,up before the war starred, but they really began to come In the d.iy NATS sent Cdr, Henry C. I lollenbeck, n veteran arrl ine pilot and then skipper of \'It'5. on the lirst route check and WID· lerization night to Point BiIHO\\ ill JonUJlI}. l!iH:). GoinA! up, ihe only navlgatlOn aid W;l5 1\ tiny marker beacon at Barrow w~lIdl could be l~LrnC\~ 011. only 31l 51Jtonds .It .1 tune el'ery 10 minutes, ('aming b:lck, tbillgs beg,tO happening. Endicott rnceutams. 200 milr;, nortb of Fnirbanks, are about J a.lltH) reel 111p:h. (' rui ,il~g south .ltl 2,000, (he rlanf"~ pClrt UlgirlC beg:!n rms~ing. ~littlllg 'out badly,
ALES

T

and

linnll)'

'lUll

cntirelv.

CJr

Hollenbeck

1,u:.hed

the:
RESClUE NOIISEMAN.

f~.J.U!l:rin,g b'ltton. [I, hilt.!. the prop 'll'indmiWn}:l, meanwhile runously, A lor~td descent \\l;.IS made to 7.uOO fed despite ~ohJ lfR ... l1<1iIIOLl~,ll'llOHt: jl1p;e~·dmountain I'eilk~ o u r to (1),IIOn (t'et.
A propo!;al to abandon the
R~D

flOWN

BY rr,

BRA.N.'HAM,

MAIC~S Wf!,tER TA~EOFF

was rejected.

TCl1lrefll'

tures wert" 5~1 helo« lind nobody M!!ued fOI it. ']11c pl;1Jj(· vibra ted vi olt'nll;'. 1ike .1. Spl!n iel shaking off water, wi I It tremors st;;utlll~ .it the t,lil section rhythmir .llly .HI.! moving forward with inCTel\$1I1g severity. Crew members swore Ih,ll opell ,g,1PS three indlC~ .u ross dprt'!IreJ ill> thcshudJcrs passed each station. Just ,1.5 'ltl, h,o"pt: was gll'en up, the rropdlt::.r W·ld.uElUr do ..... down, and Ihou~h unft'<ltilucu, froze in ;< hxed pmi· eel riou, Re lieved nf the hldfc;tin~, Cdr, HoU(.'nh~fk wns ,tblc [0 regain 8.000 f eet, III read hi" \I'lli' illl'Ollgll tht mountain peaks, and make: it lo Fa irban ks,

Cor. Hollenbeck,

.in.(IJent<llly, m,idt'
CUMB ABOAAll

the

~Ul

AiI'll!

wilh
FIELD'

Jm . :d 1IC1'O~$ the Cui f of AI.15ka from Seartle to Kodiak instead of following tilt' land route. It was fQ~IlJJ (hat A l.rskan weather, while ircgueu.tly \ rolent over U!c fUgg<:J coastal fJ.nges aud alonf volcanic peaks of the Chain 151,1IlJ s, COllI d lor th;: mosl rMr be topped by long runge .1irLr,I_f! over the open sen. FolJo.:o.'ill!;l the land route, n.rn's would be on the w~r{!e of drsrress with icing, stati ... and turbulence wlulc- tbc Il<;D\ offshore \\lotikI be on top and ell joywg dt'ar ..iling. l l{t'.!.!,td,~t hJ!bt :>chcJuks \...1:'1·" si.irted 10 POint Ihrro\\ ill I · JUlIu.ary 19,' 'I. By M.II·dl, six rouud lrif's a J'l)' were made from 1~;dJ'billlk$ to Burrow GIH)'ln_u vital cargo and food for I he Sr.":IbCL t_:tmp. AIILWUgh nee [('plliceJ putaloes III meith, 1l1()r.Lie \I1,IS hl,gh. Twice ...ILldj' LnI)I ies andsofrbaU [!an1Cs 111 ankle dt:!ep ~alld or powdered :;I'1oW belped in keeping all RoD
STEWARDESS RAISCI'lt:'UoCKS IlER usr IN HEAVI,LY-l.OADEO TlLANSPORT

II IASKA·BOUNiD

PASSENGERS

P1A,NE AT Mom,n

tlu- morale of the men up when .1 IOllgW.l), from hurne. DUril1g the .>pfillg, htnding5 were made ell lhe Frozen snow surface the sand beach. Operations were suspended With the first thaw 111 JIWC to lily 11 3;'00"1001 steel Ianding rnaz. Curgo ;l;veraged mare than 1D,onQ pounds J_ da.y and J_ Luge portion of the gear bad to be reflown to Umiat, 16S miles LO the southeast, A lso serviced was C~pc impscn, where .sllwle.C;'nglne ski-equipped plane;'; [aod.ed 0. potbo~l' n lakes until one d.IY when .EII~. RoJhmJ E. .I31mt; landed his ... \(I'fJe,IMII on the melting 511.1\11ce once too olten, n sank, i but W,15 hauled up on Lh~tuudra ht'~dl by II tractor

or

lake WlS selcrted at the base of a steep bluff .dong the banks of lhe Colville river, A crescent-shaped area W,iS cleared of snow, and rb~ lake olncli,llJy designated ..n ulrport. An t I1ttt!dy unreliable 40-watt portable range stuticn was installed lind the terminal pul ill op~riIIiO!l. At first Umiat was extremely dIi1i(ult to find, S10ce the radro I':ange l,Quld be heard it by dead reckeni O~. Cha rts of the .lte:1 were so much ill error that one of the fi est maps issued LO pilots showed tile Colville, 11\'ery large river flowing northeast, as a tiny trickle A~wing south. PJ!ots SOOil learned to esiablisb positively their position over Umi.tt by .revvins up their engines a certam number 0 F !imes and asking the _grollDd parties, by radio, to count' the number of blurps, if the ccrreer answer was fOlthcoming, the pllot assumed he was directly overhead and
.1

maximum uf

:20

miles and

norrhbnund

lltghts

h~d to

find

(lU~1 \,(,J the p!,ludits of the ~round crew. The next dJY, howe ver, under t'}wclly strnilar (.OIH.litiono, he failed 10 line up p;operly:wil'h the <l.ir5trir on 111s:tppmilLh so came around Jgrun. This went en for ruore than .H1 hour, With Entrikin making eighl Ul.lSu(o;ssful.at. tempts to land. UHerly chagrloed, he rdLJrne,l to F.lithanks wh uc he stil.l had sullicicnt [uel, The ~hll~t Ie From Barrow to Umiat, :>ite the oil well, wus p[obably the mo,t hilZimlous I::l:lendcd op<.'r,ltloI1 undertaken hy V!I·S. Srnce no hnJUl.!,; IidJ W::\S available, .1 .fmz,cm

down ehe runway. He made .L liile L.1UJ.iU,g ..IW.J

made r.or Jaw cei!fng~ ill BMn')\\., but operations uninterrupted th rowghmit the ye.u. Turnarounds were made ;JS short JS possible. Frequeetly engines were left f\.mning JurillA oitlo'lding to keep tbem W;JJID. Weatber sometimes was O:lpriCI011s-tu.ke the case of U. ( i.s) Joe Entrikin. He (·a.111t'into Barrow 00 lus £l'S~ Visit to Gnu ... 50·mile l'ro:;swiml over the slippery mal and 200· fool ceiling wid; hulf-mile Visibility due [0 ano'.... blmvillg '
f...1 J'~t.

I

ccntinued

lake was de5ignatcd ns an emergency altcrmm: field. No one ever rOurHl. the- I'llkc urrt il it was finalJy det·lll'in med that it was' some 60 miles. west where the mat' said it WItS, and by th:tl time UK' ice had melted.

began his let-down accordillgJy.

A much-discussed Chandler

nr

or

the hesvily-Ieadcd cra{thad somewhat less than 3,000 feet of usable runway, IlJlJ even with ice-grip tires, nuny planes continued to slide into the Irezeo snow banks at the end, Ski-equipped single-engine craft Jared Just cs badly, since prevu,i!inS crosswinds made ntJeesSll.ry the use of throttle to keep the plane straight. which of ..curse als1,.1 prevented de. celerariou, Pil oJ..-;u~wllly shut off thei r engi nes, crossed thei r lingers and offered long prayers the landing wouJd be good.
NAVY fRANSPOI[f SI('IMS 'PAST 14,400.FOOJSUMMIT OF MJ~ RAINIER

L\.. ,!lIired utmost pj't(j~lon on the J1arl of the pilots, since

n·m landing,

ClpcI4tion.s

UI,l

the ire-covered

Umiitt Lake re-

WINDSHIELDIC.ING

EN ~OU1'E NORfI1

C.OMMON EVENT ON ALASKAN

IIUN

TERRAIN

AROUND

NAS

~ODIAK

IS

RUGGED,

ANOTHER

REASON

WHY

SKilLfUl

PILOTING

1.5 NE<:e-sSARY

WHEN

WEATHER

CONDITIONS

ARE

IIAD

(OLD FEET NOSESCOMMON WHEN EARLY PILOTS FLEW IN ALASKA
I
fl.,1

Navy fOllr-l!I),I!II1t"rJ lkor 'ky seaplane, Xl'BS-] , to test the [etsibiljl}' of air !JEt (0 the Aleutiall hain. No mwo navigauon fatiliril::s were avnilablc and celestial na\'tgalJol1 wa U$".J exclu~i\'el)' on the lion-slop !3ight from cattle to Kodiak. Rcg.uJ.l[ service by NAT' R40'!> soon started, with three of them nlttking the, trip to~~lh(!r Jot safety reasons, One 01 the tnll.IO! problems 0 the early operation wa t keep the planes (omiort-a.bly heated. Hot W:IU:r heaters were Installed, but the suppl}' uSLuill), boiled oul io thre or four hours, leav Ing the cabin and cockpit below zero. Plane often were left exposed nvcrn igbt". One rilo! ar Yakutat ('l\1'eril?t'ntall)' pbc~d .L doz,el1 commandeered bed "beds over his ])1.111(' In 11l."11 olwm.l! covers, Tho.:) were f rozen ~ Iidly to the win~s by mornin '. Liberal hor water !'reed the sheets but lelt two Inches ot r.lggcd ice 00 the airfoil urfaces which requrred 'ie\ eral hours 0 5 rdping to remove. From the hrst dJ}'s of the war, hardly anyone In the
CRASH CREWS READY SNOW OR SUNSHINE WHEN AN EME.RGi:NCY ARlSES

A FTfR the war started, lIl: first survey llight was made ~)'

Aldsk;:11 theater haJ anytbing nice- to say about the A)·jog weathe.r there-s-and with reason. Adak joint Anny-.N,]I'J weather stntil)l made a our-year study (1943-i7) anJ found that cloudless days were rare. lnlirmted ceiling W,15 reo ported Its than six perceut or (he tUIlC. DUd overcast IS present three out or rom Jay. with ceilings rallglflg rom one to [our thousand feet, ummer monrhs 1I~U3J1) ure the roor,,:1 for Hying. Summer ogs develop suddenlv and rcduce visibility to 11 mite or two m the late $('jJSOI1. Duriru; win er months, skies usually are clear and fog is rare. Deserving of their foul reputation are the Aleutlan wmd . Although the yc dy average of surface winds is 2(J rnplr, maximum velocities range from 70 to 100 mph 111 the winter, WiJ)~1 directions nrc extremely variable. High velocities are not so much feared 115 the turbulence with wluch lllCY II'C .IS~Od.ltt'd. Worst is the true kalahaLit (t1o~ nhlll ) wrno, known as the wdlilil(/W. Pilots stay dear of leeward sid!!:. of rnouct.uns and By at altitudes higher than all surrounding terrain it possible. H 11,er have to fly under the overcast. I hey USe WI: top 30 percent 0 the exi ring ceiling. ne of tilt: bad features is the swift dllw!o:c esther. Lt. JOhJ.11Sell Look off hom A(tu for Adak. ; -nO·mile hop USlHlUy [aklllg rwo hours, Weath~r at both ~t;Hi!llls was good

or ,

LT. SUNDBERG PASSU

Oul

JAVA

TO ALASKAN

SOURDOUGHS tN

ROUTE

and torecast was for VFR for 14 hours, He took aboard a heavy car,qo load :111_d mimrnum fuel, as a result. While en route, lhe wind sh~'fted, bring-ing Jog and ?;CfO visibility. He turned back 10 Auu but that too had dosed 10. Shemja and Arndntka were in the BaIDe state. He Was sdvised to proceed ro Fort Glenn. then reporring 3,OOO·Ico't ceiling. In tnt three hours night. required to get there, it too riosed in. with heavy snow. Joh~nsen continued eest, br-p)1.ssing Cold Bay because it bad IOn·mph surface winds. After 11 hours in the air, he made it" with exhausted fuel tanks, to the commercial field at N-aknek on the A L'L~k:tIn mai n Iand. A LR(:R-:FT icing nor.mally presents little diffi.cuJl)' 10 exfipL!rieflced VR-5 pilots, but they draw on some haul knocks dealt out to their predecessors. Icing usually occuts between Z(!fO and jrunus 10 Jcgrflt'S Centigr:tclt:, Pilots ra~ adjust their (fmSLng altitude above or below the u;lugl<'r sene, TrniEr problems ~lJong the direct routes are limired, so dearance problem is minor. On several OCClUJ.om, bowever, icing has become a most serious problem. Early in April, 1947. Lt. H. J. Carnes w1lI.scnfQule to Adak from Kodiak when he requested LO land at Fort Glenn. He reduced airspeed ~aI'JJlowered Ilaps (or a normal descent. A.g:lin sb.·· j_fting fog mll..de landin. g Jrllpossible and he pulleJ up. Because of icc on the flaps and under the wings acrurnulated during the low air peed descent, the plane- dId not respond to normal climb throttle, and full power was reo quired to climb 100 Ieet 01 minute. After two hours, minimum safe on-ronrse altitude of 8,000 Jeer was readied and be ccm,ljnued to Adak, Laadil18 .there, he saw chunks of ice rneasuring gX'10 Inches lind weighing up to 70 peueds dtop off his plane. Three QlSCS of complete st;tli due to airu.I,fl king anJ a.urail disruption Were reported by VR'5 1,lIots. two In 19"1.4 III JW1'~and one in November I ')116 in ;In IW). In the latter esse, the pilol it. Hl~tSdJ, was in the margin of aa overnmni ng warm Iron t j,llst beginn iag to occlude with the fret" air temperature (onstml at -3 degrees C. Irom 4.,000 feet to U,OOIl feet. Heavily loadeJ wirb if!e. the plane ceased flying balfway ac_[OSS the wide ulf of AI.l15ka nl sAOO feet, Airspeed was 1.1l4.mph with maxirnurn power. Recovery was mad", at 6,000 fed and llgradual desreut mamtaiaed until rhc fI ifibt cnrnuntered nun-arcumulating snow ll.~4,:lOO teet, where it was posslblt: to continue level nIght tlHougb the weather area, Though once difficult because of lack of facHitJ.es,oavigiJ.Lion along the Aleutians today i::. relatively Simple. Four or five of the major radio ranges provlde adequate reference for ADF poslLion checks, WIth powerful radio beaccns available to Purr Glenn,. Amc:hhka and Shemya. Ofttimes intense predpiLr.Hiol~ sl,ltiL obs-cure" range signals lind makes AUF gta_ru elcss, but normally these severe wL"dthcr areas are of short duration. Dci!~ retkoning doe. the job In 111:11evenr, with radio altimeters LeJl,jl~g out. Trial ilrs(:llIalions (If raw equi prn(ml have been used b), VR-5, and it is nntiripatcd thut future developments l\lons; UJ_ljll line materia!!, wlll fa(ilit\lte navigation along the Aleutians. One problem not normally enrourrtered by the: VR-S routes IS lhnl a,'oiJmg the m-ajor peaks of the Quin it'leLL Since several of the vol can oes 0 f the Aleutians are more: lhan 7..ono feet, topped by majestic Mt. Sllishalcli[1, the "Smoking . Moses." of the Chain, which is barely below 10,000, aircraft 5huttllDg among the ishmls mUli~ be doubly cauticus La avoid (be terrain. "R·') f1igbts are normully conducted at ll,OOO to 12.000 feet levels and 00 great d rcle courses wh ich J ie some 60 rrules north of the Cham across the Be_[iDg sea. Transport Squadron j boasts of a 100 percent- safety record in its Aleutian opernhorrs. Much ('recrjt goes 10 Flight COntrol, and the Service Get. units, 110W at reernieals,

KODIAKB.A'GGAGE

ROOM SHOWS VA'RIETI'

Of' ~A5SENG£R~ NAVY CARRIES

Ti!ANSPOn

cREWMfN

HAilE THELR: fUN TQO, lRYINGOUT

A :SKJ SlOPE

SPECfACULAJ! PHOTO SHOWS KOOIAI(

SNOWPI.-OW CLEARING

RUNWAYS

or

lOW OIlERCAST HANGS OVER 01000101( TERMINAL AS PLANE HEADS TO ""U

Thinking perhaps the Port Heiden range-with "ZO" des.igrrator-r-lrad been picked up and misread, the pilot carefully turned the .reeeiver, only to confirm the "GZ" idenrlfication, Later inv-estigll.Lion revealed the tIansmltting station was a tll'l:y 50-Wllt~ range at Gabbs ValIer, Nevada. ex:pcnencl; ,;as .reported by Lt. Cemos before be joined va-s, Flying off the northwest coast of New Guinea, Carnes began receiving clear "on course" rao.gf signals, (tom Kansas City. Missouri. complete with the scheauled weal-her broadcasts and approach control traffic dearaaces. The heading of the range leg apparently lay parallel to his COUt5e, oSO Carnes began bracketing the east leg of the K,ms(l.S Crty range while over the South Pacific. Speaking o~ Port Heiden, a strange phenomenon: occurs in lhe Area of the active: volcano huginadnk. Navy pitors have duhbtld il the "Port Heiden Elevator" since j,t consists of vertlcaJJy rising aDd descen<ling air currents over an area of from 20 to SO miles along the flight track. Th~se cu:rr~ts ~re peculiar because of their prolonged duration and J[]teuslty and the fact that they occur only when a certain set of circumstances prevail. The 'flight Ltll.ck [rom Kodiak, dired: to Adak, crosses the s~thern portion of t~e Alask_un pcninsuladiagonaliy. runtHug over rhe Port Heiden radio nrnge on the west cMst and thea pwt'c('di[lg westward aCJ;.Q~S the nering~ea. Planes crossing lhe lIl,ountain ridge diagonalJy encounter both the down~rafts on the lc~w!lrJ side as well a~ the updrafts on the ":lJldwll:r~: There IS normally not the sh,ghtest turbulence a.~S~{'!lltedWi th the drafts. Tbe I'i rst in:clit'atio;n the pi lot has, r.mlsm,g at Hl to 12 thousand feet, IS fL climb or deseeet smoo~h as silk and bardy perceptible at first and then increasing rapfdl}'. In RjU's, it is not uncommon for descents of 2,000 feel a m!nute rooccur. The drop em be stopped and altitude mainrained only with maximum (I imbing po-wer, OQ the other hand, pilots have Bown 8 to 10 J]llnutes with throttles closed [0 18 inches or It'ss, 200 mph indicated .. airspeed and Bilined altitude all the while= rhanks to the "Elevator," Experience gllined in the Alaskan fogb:lnks often ~er\'ed N ATS p.i lots in good stead.;1 round the states, LL ByJ"on Harvey was on the Sand Poiar base leg one time' ..... hen an Army airfield reported a r'-38 [os! in the overcast. After lin hour of l'ryingro contact him, Harvey suggested tile two rendt>.zvou5 ar ~t. R~lnicr. He then ?rougbt the plllm: back to Paine field Wllb him :md made an mstrurnent let-down,
S1!.1 I~A~

A

BEAUTIFUL

SH ISHAlOI:NIIOl,CAi\lO

NEAR

KODIAK

nlRILL5

PA5S!NGER.S

Take the case of a. Marine Il..j.D pilot making a simulated ~C!t ~ppro!l{,h .at NA~ Seattle .. ~e.l~e:ud a weuther report IndlGlt:mg 400 h~tt ce_dmg and Vllilhl!J!y one-to-two miles iJ_I snow Hurries. Since he was entirely in the deaf and had the runway in Sight 20 miles away, he requested (OnEinnalion on the reported weather couditrons. The report came back the same again and Lhe perplexed pitol landed. Checking up, he found he hud been SJDHt!ta.. Deonsly receiving the GCA controllers at Seattle and lIL Adak in fhe Aleutillns, both tr-:msmitting on the same frequency, Veteran VF;"'5 pilot Lt. Hutsell was en route from Kodiak to Adak. UoabJe to con{nct Adak for clearance into the ~ontr?J area, be blindly 'Alled to any airways station !,'1.la.rdrng either ·122'0or 6290 kilocycles. To his surprise Medford Oregon. replied at on.C<.',:itllting its station was n~~eiving til; r!am: "loud a~J clear," and offering to relay his message. In II matter of minu~es, Medror~ Navy radio relayed tue rC9ur::st til Adi\k, obt,uned the desired clearance, and gave it by voice to the pl:llH:!' more than 2,000 miles away. l~, HI.I_t5~ also figured in nnother phenomenon, Afier leavwg Kodiak he could not pick up the' POrt Heiden range on, ~e Alaskan peninsula. Th.e copilot was tuning the rtlnge receiver trying to get any statton If] the area. bu! all signals dthe~ w('r,e too weak ,~r 09,sCliI.re(j ,by staHr. Suddenly, a range Identification s!gn'll GZ was intercepted loud and clear,
CREWMEN AT ADAIC VIEW MO ....ES fO.R AMUSEMENT AT niUA QI)Al!.n.RS I

ALASKAN PI.LOTS MEET STRANGE. QUIRKS IN RECEPTION ON RADIO of pranks S filtering [rues of the northplayed with radio recepeion keep out from pilots.
rRANG.E
VR-S's

reported its pildts. had brok~ the. (ligbl from Adak t9 Kodiak three times III two weeks, thanks to some 1 ~O-mph tailwinds. Lt. H. J. Forsgren made- it in 3, hours and 49 minutes, inch,ding a nortntLl eCA approach, LL Cam os dipped .1 minute off hisrecord a ff~w
fl-S It ECEN'rL)'
CARG" tAMI' AT AOAK
---..;..

V '"peed record
-

=

SEARCH

AND

RESCU!:

HELICOPTIiR

BASED

AT ADAK

fOR

AN

EMEIlGENC'I'

TRACTOR

HAUlS

Ar.

RSO TOWARD

TERMINAL

WHEN

IT ARRIVfS

At

ADAK

Jays later and he in tum saw his record cut b), a full 22. minutes by it. (jg) Robert Ridle, The new mark is 3- hours and 26 minutes, mciuding fuji GCA. Highest groundspeed between check POIllU; \Va. 55 mph. Westboand fligbts which normally take five hours required eight hours to reach Adak during the Slime period. Another story about Vi,·s's warurne exploits, not often heard, is about four .Bigl1ts made uuriog August and Septernber 194) to carry an entire U.S. it,,>, weather station to Khabarovsk, deep inside Siberia. Sixty-four too of ge-ar and 6() officers and men were flown over a j,OO(l'mi!e Arctic route in the flights. They went via Anchorage. NOI1J~. and Welkal. the 5i· beri.in port l'l1try to Khabarovsk. There the ..ration W<L'> set up to brOi1.Jcrtst information to Ab.sb.n Navy stations ince weather in hat UJ"(;:t. is 'born" over Siberia and rea .hes Alnsk later, much as U1C weather in England moves over to the continen; of Europe. The NATSmt:m were well-received by the I{ussians. although talk naru rally WIts III a minimum. N"urnerous mercy mission ure li~tcrlamong the exploits of VR-S over the Aleutian routes and to Pint Barrow. Durins February. 1<)4-'5,a de:ldly epidemic of Au gripped native Eskimos at Barrow, N ATS [ lanes fle'i\ doctors. nurses. medicine' lind (M!. II also helped in a triple pl.t}' Cltrrying ,L nine-year-old boy from Dutch Hc\fOor· OD who injured all eye playing with a hand grenade_ A ATS r]l1n~ flew lhrou,gh fog to Dutch Harbor, teok the boy to An, horage and put him aboard an R5D piloted by Lt. (jg) Entrikin hich carried him to Seattle. From there he was rushed tc IlremertoJ.1. Another AI.cutian merl}' rnission involved iii Coast Guardsman at the loran stnnon <It Theodore Point who developed symptoms of ppenJicitb. A ATS plane 111.'\ sulfa and pen icillin over the iso!,lleJ 'por nod dropped it in low-level passes. Contents were administered ;IS directed hy 1I11: Atm

medical officer over the telephone an..!. the man recosered, Recenlly an epidernir of food. poison LOg hit Umnak, ODe of the Aleutian islands. A Navy a ight sltered tis course and dropped a doctor and medical supplies ill the island three hours later, despite bad weather and heavy turbulence. The assistance helped ruth tilt ailment. interesriug tales of VR'5 pi! ls' brush with the wild li( e of the Alaskan wilds filter down to civilization. e:lgul.!s and bison add to hazards of trying to land on icy runways in near-zero visibrliry with 50-mile: crosswinds. Taking off from Kodiak recently, Lt. dr. Douglass' 11.50 I aced through a Au(k of eagulls, Several bird were caught in the nosewheel cornpnrtment. One ,gull passed through tbe spinnmg blades of :;±3 engine without beio,l! hit-and left a six-Inch leot In the cowljng and speed rrng. Two other!' were rewed clear to Adak in #,j cngine-c-berweeu the
OM

S

or

Jeeps, fire I rucks and shotgun Me used lUI qmwu)'S to frighten the (mull away, but they refuse to be intimidateddotng a few wing-overh and landing on another portion of the ru.nWtly. or coming to rest on the jeep's hood and eyeing the driver with intense dislike. Once when L:uuJlng, LI. (jg) Blinc ran into :1 circling grotll"' halfway down the runway, dJ.maglng the tarbeard wing lip beyood repair end rupturmg :#:4 fuel tank. Lt. (jg) Entrikin is 'high f10iOl mati" of the squadron l/;II~ far, with 14 confirmed and several probables to his rredir, One: of them lut wilhrn inches of the windshield m front- of his fatc. At Dig Della field, planes huve to dicck the lower in advance to be S,HC- the rUllwuys nrc clear 01 wander.ing herds of bi On jeeps there also are pressed mto service to hase the lumbcnng bCll..'it off the concrete so U1C 'II'}' transports can lund, (Most of the ph o t(lgra ph. a"'(Oll1r:LrrrJn~ this J1'tl' ~Ic were ~.lk~'n by G<.:orgc T, Cbapmilll, CPhoM, with NAT.
WHEN THE END OF THE IIUN IS REACHED AT Arru. PI:LOTS TAlI(. SHOP

cylloders.

SlOPPy

GOING

AT AO.a.K

TERMINUS

REQUIRES

SERVICES

OF

A GRAOER

Borrowed lime
The pilot of a TBM~JR made a 30 degrC1e glid~' bombing run and cernmeaced his: p~llIout at about three thousand feet, indicating :!70 knots, He felt;]. severe jQlt ;15 if from ruebulent air or ~iLirstream, On completion of the puH~Llt he noticed that !lis accelerometer LIldJ~ rated 6 G·~. Both I,,:jogs were wrinkled and u port ion uf the J'lurt elevator ....as tom :lW,ty. Aftcr lL S,l.il l.m.jirl,l! file win#~)ld n1l,,-hll(li~m was (ound LO be
inoperurive.

JG.UOD {,tl't ttl tcst the .stall cltu3-cteris· Hcs of his plane before hmdioB. He found that the stalling speed bad been increased by about 15 knots. A successful landing Was made at an airspeed of about 9S knots. A qtmlified weatherman who was on the: ground in the area where the hail· stones were falling states that they were [rom Doe to two inches in diameter, The lea.ding edg~ of the wings and horizontal stabilizer of the F~U looked as though someone had given them iii Lborougll ,going over with :I hnseball

~

Sun. {""oode.jf ),ou reali~~ just ho» dose you "'.:11111.' {O killing )"ourseU. I've 1'10 t 01 til ick file on pif (I IS '" h'I"'erllQ" a~ lucky 016 yuu "'e"e_ '1'''1' maximum .11(111" nbl" limit" ror 5p1'~d nnd acceleratlon in the TUM are set fo.rd) ill Technical Order49-<1-5. Flight S!I£et)' BuUclin.s "'-47 and 1·48 bo I h contn;_" lmporea n t ; n [ot'",'It i'" ,£0 r fl pilot~ who p_J.~nro do glide btH11bing i"lh~ Since l'~Hl'~~ ·o,In"bQrrQwml time" Irom hure on out I diink lb., Iea s t yeu tall do is (";1 .. r)' copi .." -of all three in yOlll' wnllel lind "ead til em a r eud w[~en_,;""r )'0 u find yn \,r-

~'.~J

GrtJmpn-".'

PeUibml~ iflY~~

P::lt.
~ GYIJ"'p. aW_l'l!/libOTl.1: $"'151 ~-.\, ThiS ch-'lp USlld good Judgmeru ill gtttcing Olll 1)1 that bniJmotUli" .. hurry. but the: point thaf .really pleases me is thar he remembered to test bl$ damaged -f4U fpt, a dl:tngc ill !rtallm_g ~p.,.,d_ That'$ '--"lAg IheQld I'lQggin to good a dv~nt.:rge.

.-tv.er.ger.

huld ur how m,lnr houcs he has at thl:: ,I;.il'k Of yoke. IIC is easily recob'ni~j;d by (onriml.1lJr £lying with Ins bead ll1 th", (O(;-I>.:[1il •. , An observer
~

Too Sfeep-Too

Slow

~1
rune

Gmmp."w Pcuibtl'u!

.1(1),1:

°n'auks £Or Lllese eomments on [hi. near- ~cdd'ilL1t., Any t:im~ :~ pilol app.ro"clr_"s.an airfi ..ld for It landing be sheuld

The pilot of an FGi' Wil~ cleared Fer lilkC"0ff with a towed sleeve, He COm· menccd his run and on camin_g abreast
of the sleeve he pulled his plane off the

~f

sutl'Uund~d br a bUIld] of TBM pilots,

Tn

lO

the t<I.w~t

rreqveru:y, and if he

Dear Grampcw
rlon 01' IL{> GtJl(fI.

Pettibone:

A few d ..vs ~!(n

the rowe r imme ..Iiare ly .1 fta take-off and

,It a Naval Air taTllM tow plan~ l.dleJ

.i~ u"ablp UI te-ou the U>Wl)r he ~h_ollld be 0" !he 1m.),; om for warning Iighrs, W",.'ve al I'e"dy h!ld 1I:D(' serious acddnnt rhis ye.lI!' whel'l Ill''' plnnes :Iallded 011 COD verging courses a-I the same time,

reC]lre,:;telI an eme'}j<;'!lCY bnding ltfJt> to the pre~'r:cnl'~of ,t;,I~ 1umes in the (O~ k· pit. Upon n;('L'ipt of tills trurrsrnixsion {he tower hl11il<:JilLtdy closed the fitl~i to Other rl.lllCS. All ~lrhorlW urrcralt

Egg Size Hailstones
A

were given insrructums hoth 011 the radio .Ul.! bf \ i~u.ll <,igJl~t~ to clear the area at once. The 111M J ropped his tow, made .1 tighl lnrtr, ;tlld lined up for ,I 1:111 ug on rum\;l}' di co.

FOLILtrallllllf:. pl.mcs. pi.lot·l.'d by ,010 students; look 11:11 ~·-(lIT.:;.l~ di 1't{l,L",i by the tower .LnJ (Il-.m:d the .!tl·'l-blll uot old DIUI-ERT He br1edhis S;"j up
for ~I [,In~lilly
3,[

imm!"di.llrtly gave hirll

011 riJnwa)'
J

2.

Tlrc tower him to take

rt'd lj~11t and

u wa ve-e f1 ItS tltt·r..: W;LS an erne rgt'oq' In the pattern. nturally these .nsrructi~m, Ji~Lll'tbptilu DILBER'[, I le curue rig] I t- OlL rri ~uI J [,mdl,d 011 ,I t Wtl vcr/!· Ill,!; (OLlr~1: willi fh!: TI'lM wlmh W.I~ ~l1l1kjng lh~ tJl1fJ g~lh)' bn"lin,g. ForI unnlel} 1 he Tll ~ I Jl'l i~sed til(' ,I\. J by [[ few fed ~h till' 'Iwa planes rt:;tdll;'U I h c Intr:r~ecl!On .u~J llobody \Wl~ l'lllrJ:. I thi Ilk tillS inddl;'Ut ill u~tra~es tJut no ITIilll"t:r ...... h,lt Ii\nk DrLBERT Il\ar

the same IT me mstruclcd

from Pueblo;" olorude, to Denver on it routine cross country Bight He Ihld ohtnmed VPR Algnt cio;ar"nce from Army Flight Service: at 1620. Ob~Cr'1'ing s_(';\ttrrcJ storm ,Ll'e4-Sto tile- north Q(Ifu. Grdmj1dw Pet/i~QIU' 5'JY$; , at Colorado Sf'rings he requested de~l The "$i,ltching" or dl!01gg:mgI)ff tailed weather cenditicns to De-mer of banner targets lor OIl" to oj.. gunn~ry [rom n!;".lfhy Patterson Piel d. h;lS ;alway'S "een h~ulr.doulI, Pulling up He received the Denver weather as .harpl" ';1 10'" speed and low "ltrrllde dear, -jO milts vi~ihility. and so ptovlorateB olle .of I'hg tirst principles of safe ,,-"t'cill.'d on course, At about- 1635 h~· Hying, The- tro.wl" usu'1l1y -BlariS when the t'ntt"rC:~l what appeared to be LD Light >:UDUcry oflit"er warns the tow pilot mat 11,1'2:-:: hetWeEn two s.t01'm areas, Irnrae.lintely urou cnteril'lg Lbis haze Sl. 10 avoid 3bl'''_'1ive dmThlge incident eo drag. ging the l!l:rget, the pilot must get !heloud drururuing noise warned him th",t l3.rgel.1" d Iine of! rl, e deck a L tlu!c (l1! rI ;es.1 Ill' !tad efJ(~CI_ljJ1k[cd hail, He made II. pass_ibJe momeur. Judgin_g jUst wher.e thili hu fried HlOdl1\lree turn, and reduced "earliest p"s~-ible rnomene' lies is quire ~. l1i~ .urspced to 140 knots, Total time neat trick, When )'01.1 do it Jlll._o;t rIght )'OU ill the hai!slO!ln was about two minutes. gel the l,\r_g.tlt oa' without damage 3.nd The r iIat then returned to Patt~rsoo ;void :opi.nnin_g in to buot. :Pel'$onna ill ;Ihe- UUrea.u of A~romlu(iC!l FlelJ ,rnJ clrcl~ w.'liting ('Or further rell me- wnr test!! are bcingoomple~ed null' wc~ther lOformat'lOt1. At .this time be (In ;J banne.t targc:t:ca ..der .... hid:., wlten l1cti(ed dents in the leading f!dges of the stabilizers, Realhiog that !.his in- 3 YalJab-le, will eliruuTale tb~ ne.cessityfo.r drnggiog .. fF dris type of tatgel. dicated possible damage to the leadillg eJ.,ge.s of the wings. be climbed to -KEEP PLBNTY OF [!LYrNG SPI3ED!
.in

Marine Major was proceeding

If!

F-I-U·I

mnwny. Take-off Was made wilh full Rap. and the plane WAS hdd in a. steep !U]~le of climb at all times. When the FIJI' attnined an altitude of 400-500 feet it was seen to mush slightly, faLl off on the left wIng nod dive into the ground. The plAne was completely demolished and the pilut killed ilL'ihrnUy. Qualified naval aviators who wjtnessed the entire incideo.t slate Ibat it was simply II case or not pitying heed to the ofr-repcsted slogan "KEEP PLYING SPEHD.·

8

Dear Grampaw Pettibone:
a problem, and b ending It to ou, we hope t receive an an. wer that will back up either one sidr: or the other in it argument, WI: hav

right side,
but truck

J Ie got out on this allrompt,
the horizontal

Here it j .. ! j ! A plane is apprnadi lng an airstrip prepllrlltory to landing. II is FIFTY (50) feet high and traveling at an indicated airspeed of EVENTY 70) knot.

airspeed of ElGin Y (80) knors, The plane stalls ;It an IOtlic{ltcd

There i a "ORTY knot headwind. UDDENI. Y-the FORTI" kn ts of wind -<ompletd1~~3I1d definitely
II

The bailout '" as II cornplish d at ou feel but the pilot had quite a little trouble fu'rding the parachute. release ring. He hit the water Ort bJS back II split second a.fter the 1lL'11O canopy blossomed, With great efforl he .rnanageel to mfl.<lte his pa.rat'ilIt srul cl 1mb jato it. About 30 minute later he was rkk:ed up by ear b and Rescue FlIW In addition to the broken leg, he su Iered 2nd degree burn' on both [efts

brt.':tldog his right leg.

stabilizer,

Spoiler At Work
'The t 0 near accidents described beI w were reported by Air Ferry qllad. ron ne in recent nex sletters, Both lire good examples of "why pilots gel

grey."

~or

and severe bod

bruises.
.[I

\XfHA T WILL HAPPEN TO THE PtA E?? I, \'i:/ill it sfaJl?-or2. Will It conrinue it> J.f'I'TO,ldl in a normal manner? 3. Will It IO~t: FORTY knob ,Iii" ,peed at the rnornenr the wmd SlOpS i I, 'I; HI the airspeed indicator in the nil' fOft indicare fORTY knot lower at the instant the wind stars? That is lh dls ussion and lhe problem.

better off

""J

~

Gralllp41P

Peuibone
days
wM

54rS:

Some

(",lIow not

would

be

JU8! 10

stn)' ln bedl
rCleO\

Since rhe plane c...usc of "the ungine's

erl.-d the

J1Utl IfUll

oj uni.ng could

on fuel.
.lgain.

!'orle.u to rhe squadron tor a two-v eek tour of active dllty. He picked IIp his first ferry Jircr.lfr, an fillX-5, at NA JACKSGJ 'VJLtE for delivery to NA -ORPI.!) CH1U,n, High got. consumplion nett s.ll,ltcd ,I Lillding at A! PuN. ACor where:J check of the Fuel ·,.ystCrTl failed to 10 ate Ilfl)' discrepancy, .11'lJ the ri iglrt W;J.5 resumed. This time the pilot was forced to land Ji AS EW Om EANS to take

C,/Jf'

# t:

t\ Naval

Reserve pilot re-

AL

Ga[\,V,s(OIl tilL

pilot landed

no! be determined.

WI.. hope that your

ll!1SWN

rh« above-mentioned

point;,.

wrll cover all

Resrectfully,

~J
ill'

6

ELlS., USNR
5I1Y·':
to

Gl'tJ1JIPtlW P~llibo"('
"1'011. letter

ever, thae the g<l the cockpir on (he right side was from 11 "PUt In rile ga.~olinl' line 10 the fuel peessure gage, since: d, pressure r4lllding was ab LIt 4 Ibs, lowee rban normal aCrer she engine lroubl d "eloped. and did not com np ... hell th' boo itcr pump was turned. on. Afu.'f all these rnishans T'm:flu YQU were lUigh~}' gl"d to -see ~hat P.BY. Ctmgri'ltuI(llions on making good U5~ of your .!laf.ety equipment in spi.te ,If your injuries.

It is 'believed, howoline ",hid, came into

m.nle <lml the rna irnurn manifold rrcssure tbe pilot could gel was 19 inches.

race the delivery point Corpus Christi, il W<lS de<.i.deq lhat Iuel 51.1prty would be sulfident for last leg of the flight. A take-off

was

the
the was

A b}'drauli failure \ II> experienced at this pOlilt lWJ. UIC pilot was unable to retract his ,l{c:tr. T-Ie circled the field

n ..rived just as WI! were:

g<ling to

press and 1 decided to prinJ' if

TLt: $(juauml1 dispatched <in expertenred pIlot to the spot and il W.(S {oU'ml ti!:.r.t the 11irH!CS on the direct air ramdoor had J;rokcu

.lJld made au out Illl iderrt,

eJTl('f~efi(y

bnding

with-

have 10 .:J1. Pm (1;10 smaet ro ger caught in the middle of thi~ .(Irgumcnt without gi"i,ll.g ir om thought. wilr give you the word in " Iatee issue,

""'AI' SOUle of my readl'l'5

Jm:tl arr,

I roles were [ouml in the gas
and from the rurhese diserep ncies, W:1.~ ound 10 be bangu,g at. .lLn

and

closed

off

the

hnes leading to bureror B~ ide

the aeneraroe
100 r;,,;fl!

Better Off In Bed
matc:ll' 20 miles out to sea On an ASW tmining night When hi engIne began

~Jy on the bolts.
#2:

This ferry pilot landed

The pilot of an

AD-l

was apprexi-

air station to refuel and had stanoa personnel Jill three of hi~ four tanks. No b';1S was placed in the tilllk he had

to rot-out intermittently. He received permission to return to the nearest, field with another AO-I as escort. The engine centinued to cough and cut-out.

Coming or Going?
111e plane piduR·d ubo ~ i n't a new model with one conventional en I.;lnt· and one pusher. It" just an F7F lIlllt go il]to gUltc II. bjt of trouble all II IHo.-ling

been using at the time of landing, Arter refueling, the pilot look off. stiU usil1g tire ofl[,I;11:1.1 tank. ShOfLly alter take-off, hehirted lo

In an ('lIar

to rectify the trouble

one

0

the refueled t.mks and the en·

the pilot advanced mixture to "RICH .. witched hi- auxiliary fuel pump to "0 ," Mid increased RPM and manifold pres ure, This did not improve engine operarien. When the aircrnfl was .woul' elgin' miles oil-shore and nl 3.l1 altitude 0 f :2000 feet, raw gtlSolinc started ~I'tll.ying into the- cod.. pit (rom the area of the cigllt rudder pedal, The

.tt Muslin Field. Philadelphia,

pilot opened the (wopy.

A few seconds later the eagine cutout again wirh a loud cough, ignitiog the gasolice in the II Ct:5S0ry section

nose veered to the le[t
pcop
10

The pilot made hi lniluillgap£ro;!'ul at about t)"'< knots, whkh is suff] -jerH [ur normal control Over tbe end of runway 23 L.(' throttled back alld ic\ tleJ off too high. Realizing this, he :l.u:tt:d to ,lJJ power Just as the plane stalled to the left, The Ii"jF hit the runw!ly on the Iert wheel and left prordl.cr. The
(;1U)ilng

!->lne cut OUt. He shifted to another refueled tank with the same result, I Iaving by this time losl much altitude and :Ill confidence ill the refueled ranks. the pilot $11 Ited bark ro tile origin~ I i r.ink ;ltH.l the ellgllle caught. 1\ hmtling was made at the nearest field ,U1d when the L1nks were drained the contents proved (0 be largely water. Grol11pa"ll' Pcttibolle 112'16: G.!", ("Hows eV~D i! p[ao.e 011 its way to an oveehaul bop deserves belli'" tt'e.1tmellt than tJus-to sa)' nothing 01 the pi'lot who h'il to deliver It, BOIl, of t1,ese cases could very easily ha"" resulred in ;oerious IIc iderus, Oon'[ release ,JllY plan for lJight untll ie, been 5erviccd-aJJd

6.

the rigbt

~J-

and ~ockpjt.

The pilot

immediately

tou

II

the runway.

As the plane

hailmg out. He Clrsl alle.rnpted to leave the cockpit from t1le- left side. bUl Wol5 blown back agrunst the (::ulOry. As the plnne was ItOW ill a glitliJ1r., (um to the right, he then tried to Icave tbe cockpit hy t'he

radioed

that he was

veered otT the c~i,gc of tbe runway the left propeller dug 111 and lhe lefl '\>I ing and engine tore off nnd revolved to the .nwrt,eJ rOlillicn.
The pilot had his, shoultlt"f htlmeS5 light anw safety beJt locked :md e$c;rped this: (ush without pcctson.;tj Ul iury.

scr"~ed

riglrl}

Remember • .ovintion maiD le,1lad ee. l~ one lin· of work where per(ect:iQI'I.pnys. Th
pHol"

liN<

dl!pends

upun

)1m" work.

9

Caroline

Mens Sets Record

transshipped. [or lheoirlift,

Long Distance Flight to ChicClgQ The Navy's latesl and most powerful M,Tfr set Il new lon~ distllna: n:t.ord lor seaplanes when it flew nonstop from Honolulu lo Odrago with 23 neWsp.I penDe[J and 17 crew aboard. The flight \V;!,;, a feature of lhc oak County Etir, the iu.nJing berng rn.rde on take Michigan before thousands who throllgCJ the: wulerfronl , In 2·1 hourv

To make planesavailable the Iamous J-/O/JhOf transcontinental l:li.,Ilj:lt and the U-reute vill Jax. a~d COl'rU~ to the WCSl Coast. were cliscclOtmueJ. Navy squadron VR·j bad bern flying thi:routt::S under MATS. Later, smaller .mcru.rt resumed operal'illll!i over ihc routes ar less rrcql.leot
in tervals.

HTA pilots To Fly Blimpsi
Fliers' Ability soon will be fly!ng Navy taki~lg Bi¥hl training to become lIghler-than-air pilob, under a new policy allm:rllm:c~l by Oli.t:! of Naval Operations. AqUOlit of .:10 HT A pilots a year will be t... en ioto the L"I A program k and gj~'(jn a year's training at Lakehurst to fit (hem to fly blimps, SiK months of that time Will be utili:tcd for flight techBELL PReS~t'I'TS ,.LAnE!! TO ADM. LON.'NQUESl nical train illg and the Isst half with an [ur "his vision. intelligence. sound j.udg- LT A squadron in ope.'f'I.lLiond flying_ Requests for LTA Aight training ace merit and his dynamic leadership ..• dc~ired from ensign" and lieutenants 111 pmsecutingt<ffeclivdy the postwar research unJ deydopm·cnt program 01 ng) of the ,regular Navy, mdllding liT A pilots. Non-aviators must meet this lroportant agency of om national defense a.nJ ill sohlng its mllll)' .mll lludifi(;1.liOllli· prt:scribeJ in. BuPflil-s Circular Le tt.e r 200-·17. A VH officers complex ill1,j ,jifficull problems." Adm. Lonnquest's Navy service dates qualifying iu LTA may expect normal rotnticc between 1.'1A "nd [-ITA duties, thrm.lJ::h two world .... '.lrs, In 1',)3') he Their bLmp dULY, inr id en ta.l l y, will became all aerouautical englllt!crin,l!. dUly count a.~sen tlUl}' for rotation putPQ~es, officer, on e 0.[ the fir~t in the N'lVy. Letter a r pl ; (at ion s referencing the One of his most recent ~5ignment~ was with OplHlHhm t:NN;~ro.ulJ. in which he: LT A tli.glit tIll in in g N A V ACT must be submiued to BuPf.J\s, Al-~11 Pers-vl t6, r1.'mlled.Ji rccted ILnd evalllJ.te<1 the
Ht'nier-lhaI1 ..iir oIvi<'llQrs blimps and
m'<l.!1y tests

New Policy to Expand

and 9

olln\ltcS, die Caroline. M.aH :Bew 4,fl4S miles, The longest previous seaplane flight was from Patuxent to Natal, Brazil, III 19 12. J;. d Istance of 4.37"1

miles. The CllffJlhlt! MJrl made rhe [rip ro C!deaso 50 fast it arrived three hours before its Khel.htIcd lirne so Lt. Cdr, Robert J. I runt, the pilot, Hew to NAS GIl05S~ 1Lf and circled to kiJl jjmc. Reserve squad reus fWIT! NAS GLFr>Jvmw es(orted the /vI';;]FS to QUC.lgD When it landed, the M,.'/'J had t'naugh foel aboard to hal' e flown anot her 1,000 miles, The TRM·:;: weighs 10 tons mort' than th(o' other {out M,trr planes an~l h~hS more powerful rngirles,. the R·43ilU. developing 3,000 bp Oil bkt·o.ff. The
J l\J\1-!'s can Girt}'
a 20,O()O-poulld ~a}'-

load, compltrt:J to 35,00U pounds for the new craft, Though heavier, Lilt' new plane hits the SIlIllC JjmeJl5jon.~;Is. the rest. 111e biz plane was christened .ll ilS dock by v Mrs, Fred W. Lester of Downers Grove. Til" mother of a Medal of Hencr winner. Fred F. Lester, a bosrital npl'renlire. who W:iS kllled trymg to save J wounded Marine 011 Okinawa, The pl;tllf now joms irs ~istiJr$ Oil (he Honolulu-San Francisco [Lin with Fleet Logistic Support Win_gs,

of naval

our at Bikini. He was head of the initial bcmrdins team which ~C[)t abormi vessels after the two cl-;plosloI1,s,

n (lui ical

CC[.lCU

iproent wh icb were carried

aircraft

and

nero-

by 1:' Ortnber

I')48. . FI ight trai ning of

Navy Aids In Berlin Airlift
VR-3 Flies Allanri:c; 'Hotshot' Quits VR-3. PATIIXENT- Navy transport pilots are doing their part to assist in O{lerallo~J Vltlles, the vital ..,ir!il;t projecr .to surply the blockaJcd city of Berlin. R5n~ from this squadron ~HC flying about so trips a morttli .l(n:)~s the Atlantic from Patuxent to frankfurt. Germany, and to North Afrlcan des !it1{L\lOOS. The Gcrm!):Il·~ou[ld Aights go via Westover field, St e ph en s v il l e, NewIoundland; Lage:n5, Azores, and Port Lyilt1tf}', French Morocco. Navy ,planes are not gping into Berlin

men "c1elteJ will begin 17 January. The new poliCY was JdOrleJ to give naval aviators a broader training ill their chosen field and to provide more men qualified in J.irigihlcs, which arc taking 00 increasl!'lg importance as anrisubmarine W~lrf.lIe weapons. MCAS EL TOl1o-\lMf-2.28 has .lId()pled II new grollml trnlnfngsyllabus. Rooen! officer gtllduates of lhe ArnphJ.bI(lus Warrare School. junior cenrse, will teach the
Il'ObjeeU;,

Adm. LonnqlJest Wins Award
Nafional Air 'Council Gives Platter Ran Adrnirnl Theodore C. LOnTI' quest, assisranr chief of HvA FR, for CI;!search and de1,ielormenl. h.rS been
awarded a silver rJ,IW:r

Air Council (or -his outstanding work in the (i{'LJ of :11.-iation the p.lst rCHr• Presentation was made by Lawrence D. Bdl. president of BeU Aircraft Corp., at die Internanollll.l Air Exposition, New York City. on August 5. The award will be annual, Admiral Lenaquest being the first mall in the Navy to win it. The engraved award was given t,D him

by

the N:t(ioNll

PHOTOS W.ANTED
NAVAl j\V,,,,-TIO.N NEW~

_iquadrun

history un wartime l'x.pJoits of "1'1).us, but needs photographs 10 dlustrate it.

phHI!' to run ~

proper,

but fly cargo and personnel to points in Germany from where they are

Any I'Ill'mber of Lhe UfliL whu is willing to lend Ius phOLQgrapbs; will be assuroollood treatment ul them and ~ 11 ,cat! y return. If p(ls!;ible, idenlify personnel, places I):nd events shown, Mail them, packed in cardboard, to NIl~'al Avi.tt.loll Ne.ws, RDOltI 4g"p, Operations, N~lV)' D~N Wa$hlog![)n 25, D,C. ...

10

J!;f FLIGHT WAS WONDE:Rf,UL.

MR. BROWN SAID

VICt

ALiM. PRICE AND

O'i'i-ii;:R HIGH.RANKING

NAVY

OfFICERS

PARTICIPATED

IN Jet FLIGHTS

SEC. BROWN
J
OHN !':llCHOLAS BR,OWN.

the N~rvy for rur, recently chalked up one m the record book by becoming the firs man in the recretarial level of the- armed force to fly in a let plane. Ir , Brown wa II passengec in the TF81ll., Lcckheed's twoseater traUJm8 version of the SIMotillg . IIII', in il demon· strnrion £light at NAS PATti I'NT R[Vf.!R on July 30. Tony "It was a wonderful experience," Mr,l3towo said. "Arter we became airborne and had ccelerated to cruising speed, all the reguL1.r ense of mechanical power, of whim you Me ccnscious ill ccnvenuonal aircraft, seemed 10 dissolve, You ,got a fecling of 'disembodied power: The lack of vibration
Levier, Lockheed test pilot. (lew the plane,

assistnru ,secretary

or

MAK 5 J
enssrion 01

FLIGHT
said,
The plane achieved a

and lark of noise ga e a sensauon of pUl"e speed." Mr. Brown's Aight was taken on an overcast day at a relatively low uHitudl,."-(lbolil 1,000 It. This in re..sed the more than 500 miles. pe[ hom on the I.Jjght. Vice AJm. John D. Price, Deputy Chief of Naval Operarions (Air). also flew as a passcogc'f ill th TF80C 00 the same dar, Among others ftoll) the Nu.v}' Department who 1 articipated III the demonstration 1iight$ at Patuxent River on July 2'> and 3(1 wcr : Rear Adm. J, Tr. ,mad)" Rear Adrn. joseph E Bolger, Rear Aden, L A, Moebus, Cart. J. B. Moss, Cdr, John A
Moreno and Cdr. Harry Sartoris.

speed,

he

speed

of

N twtit-y
Uo.i

Planes
OT OJ~t;:N

does II to p!Uticip~te io the ~inklng of two bauleships, but that IS what happened to Fleet All Weather Training

ia peacetime opc:rations quadran have an oppo~-

Sink Battleships
andexpended

no better,
aer-iu l
F,i(>-S

On 30 July J 9 8, the
:1.,

Capt. R msey again led the ,,('tacks by two 1'7F'4N', ten

Tt!IJ!Jd,~

fared

Pacific

(FAW'rllf>

....C).

formerly

Night Composite quadron One. based at N AS BAIUlER 's POlNl, Oahu, Hawaii. It IS one of Navy's two night fighter squadrons, the only one JIl the Pacific. TIle ex-sa' ""i\r~1i' }'/)I'k Nevad.;, having survived lhe tests at Bikuu, were

surface units stood .hy and .ubmarines waited to dose in Fer the kill, the tired old baulewngen roUeJ over and sank

410() rounds of ,~o caliber ammunition, Twenty-om: direct hJLs were scored with the jOO'(10und bombs. 20 direct hits were s oredwith the 100pound bombs. and '\6 dircrt htts were scored witll the )·inc.h HVAR'5, While

rnenced their attacks at 1423 and were followed by 'HIM'S carrying torpedoes which were equipped with new type

fighters,

's, a n d eight 'BM-~N'5. The armed v,riUl 11/1y Titus, rom-

war-heads, Thu NelJrJJa, 'listing slightly as a resuit of a. three-day pounding by surface
units, Marine filthier bombers, and special ordnance evaluation tests, could not s~and up against the attuck. l1.l'lJ only

.mo

as the last participating FA \VT lJ P he plants recovered from their bombing a(blCks.

towed from Pearl Harbor to a spot south
and

of Oahu, surface

an unmerciful
units.

there were subjected to pounJiog by fleet air and Planes led by the romFAWl' PAC,

12 minutes [rom the time the first plane nosed over, the Once proud ship snk

beneath tl e waves, Of the 12. Tin') Thll! fired, 5 were direct hits, and the r ·t

manding

officer of

Capt.

Paul H. Ramsey, USN, were in on both

were all within :SO feet of the ship. All eight torpedoes released went stnllghl to
their

kills, 011 7 [uly 1948 the Ne-ul York was the first to feel the sting of the fighter
and attack aircraft. Twenty- ix planes, consisting of two FiP'..\N'S, ix FSF'l 's,

mark. Primarily

a nigl1t fight€!! and nighl
l'''''X'TITPAC

twelve F6F-5l'l'S. and s lx Tlilll-31i'S. dropped It total.of 4S 5 0(1·pound bombs. 40 LOQ'POLllld bombs. 98 ')-inch HVA.R·S

I

CAPT. PAUL H.. !lAMS!:l' LED BOMBING ATTACKS

vust amount of excellent training 10 day tactics as a result of these two opera· tions, as well as 'WeU Done"s Irom Commander in Chief, Pacific FLeet, and Commander Ail" Vorce, Pacilic Fled.

attack

squadron,

gained

a

11

exhibition team staging Its ballet·smootb aerial maneuvers. The Navy catapulted arul made arrested 1.1I'1UJngs of all FSF fighL on lhefie.lJ, shot 11 1'2V skyward with JATO. aM(l ferried high officials in
find out with helicopters. As an added

toucb, three tlyin~ Admirals, D. V. GiU· lery, Apollo Soucek and E. A. Cruise, buzzed the fidd in FH·, Pb"TI!rJ.llf.r on two days to show the rl,Jblic lint veteran I,ilols could h.a.nJlt:jets .as easily as propellered planes, Sp/;.'\tRtorS who suw the N~H'Y Day show saw Ai,J Groups Seven and Nine lrcm Quonset Point, CVLG·, from the

-..

S,li/ltll/,
planes

Air

Geoup

17,

60

Reserve

'NAS Nl'\V YORK, and V"IF'lll, lilt' Marme's jet s q u adr on Ite:tdeu by u. Col. Marion Carl.. The Marines lrofieJ out II smooth air rnaneuvers team of their own, Byin,g four Ph411i1l1ltJ, to give the BINI! AlIgelJ cornpetition. Planes thnl ne'w in the mass "l1UMk" on the field included the FH·!
I'W. nsF, Atl-I, Al\I-!. F(,U, 1')·), p"f·Z. I'~v-~,wjUll he l-lRP~l am] liO.15 helicopters and the ,l:(iaBt ItI.O-1 COl/flit It/ion

from

also rarliL'jpatil1R

'I
PHANTOM JEt$ FROM VMF-I12,LED BY rr 'COL. CARL, ZIP PAST ReV:IEwtNG STANO AT IDLEWILD

h. C. Ewen, Navy cilief, was master of d .ly\ events. Capt. LeRoy Simpler se r v e el ns oliu.er io charge of naval air participuticm ill the exposition, (oordin.ding t lre mass , attack" by radio from U1C control lower while two assistants, Lt. Bob J, Robison .1(u1 C1pl. H. L J~Lob!, USM ,kept tile Rear Admirnl
publk iuforrnatiou cerernen ies 0rIfle crowds advised of events over the loud-

in other [:I'enb;.

'N', AVAI. d\·i.ltiun,.muniopalliugest show ,its rnrheiin
pillion
In 11

Navy A·r On Parade
arr to

datto thrilled and. chilled some 7-;!),Oi/O person'S J.uring tbe nint-da), lntemutional Air IhI'QSILion nr New York's IdlewilJ airport. July 31. 10 Aug, 8. TIll:' nn,JJa),. Ik~ie:n;ttcu JS N..t\y D.I}'. SlW -100 N:l\'Y Ji~httr~; dill: bomoe rs, j~t:;. ::\11 J torpedo bombers roM 0\ er [ht· heads ot the.; \ rowd iu J JllJ~5
P2.V.' FROM VI'""'.l,.;ij CLIMBS !>TEE~tY OVER

ilUad, 011 the ;lirport with split-second timing that gavf" the S110W tremendous Impact. Following lim rhe Navy put 011 a flUlt· mO\'IOf! dernonstra t ion of its .1i rpower rbill literally "stole the shew." Almost ICvt:r)'thing the Navy had that would fl.; pa:rtinpureJ: itl> newest jets m;;cking bigh Sr(-'t'lJ runs .. ."r,"" and A,\!S making divebombing runs, j-u, slick Blne Ii "gels
H~P DEMONHRAI.E$RESCUE

speaker srsl<.:m. Week·d.tys Jurin~ the exposition had die :;,lme !.I1I show. minus the grour attack, when uot rume.] out, As an added Iesture or Nuvy Dol}', live miJ~hipmef1 were flown up from
Pensacel« and presented their wil1g~ hy Rear Adm, E. W. Litch, chief' of Naval Air A<hilnceJ Trainillg. Th.:y were

E, May, W. V. GIJleJl. F. M. Niaich, W T. Kellogg ;1.I1U R. p, Smith. Winle the two H~N LCI\lTIS hc",J"J l~y Lt. Cdr. DU:i~ RJHlUeJ; uud Lt. Col. Cui en tcrrn uicd the crowds with lhei r intriate m>1l1cuvcrti, 11~'W Navy ;t:t.!i made
fECHN·IQUE. ,P:[CKING

J.

IDLEWILD BY U,SE OF JATO

up·

fIVE ,FROM A RAn

IlIFh-speeJ HY'f1iLSt5, ATl unusual I~he· nomenen WJS observed when the r'll' p~lIlb(!} whizzed by ut about 60U mph, Shock waves., isible Uke "',{pOr trails (Ormed around the l'0in~e(L rW!~Llg(>jU$t forward of the «(lckpic On One raM. A 1,10 part idf!n! ill,g ill thl! ,II r 5ilow
were S",1 Fm/';J

the Royal MIry. which based :1& NAS N E"'~I YOIlK during their ~ta)' The" Wig-

and Sea HI)J'llcIJ

(rom

IIRf' BP;ltolG ma ..h: to develop jAo<.sONV1LLE. lugeth~r with the HuxilrJry stations at M;J,ypOtl and Ce,il Field, iflto a major Red aviation center, it was revealed recently hy John 'Nicholas Hrown, Assiwtnt Secretary of the Navy fot Air. in ,! l et t e r to Plod da' ~ Con,e:fQssional d eieg.ll Ion. In {he letter, Mr, Bruwn stated .- A ~llldy of lh~ bast' fadlttics required to meet the Nn .. al air eXr:l.l1~l.eln LAN~

PNAS

Plan To Expan
be made mort

Jax
will
secure.

Naval Avi,lHon Shore Esrablishment

progr;lm

u,enUY:lutilor!1!(..j
0: ist s

IIy CO'l'

an u r gCfI t need for additional nl"'el air operating facilities on the Eastern Se:tboard, witJl every indirntion tj'(I( tim need will berome mot(: critkal within the imrnediute
ADMSCII:UISE,
GA.UfRY,

gr:ess reve a! s rlut the re

SOUCEK W,ITH AN nt-l

lish pilors shllwed themselves adept at ,ll;'wbatlC5. one (If them pulling up 111.10 II steep climb after tlying upside down
LIlO ietl .111lfuJIO, ·RAr 1/\1//1pm.'f. Air Force rhille~ 01 JU (1)11:'5 mnl CO.1St Gmm! helicopters he! p.:J round (lLIt Ih;; nceial progriW1 fo r the t:xposi rlon. Tilt, upl;tling ~h,y of the exposiuon ~~',I'\ fe:.Lt u red by o ffi cia! v i:..h ~ h}' Pres
llt about
r

to ·alleviate this situation, pbl!~ ;lre heHlg m.lde to Jelielor rile Na,""".! Air Station at [acksonvilte, togetht-r ,,,,iLl. the ,lU.xitiaI"Y ~lollrOn~ .It M"yport and Cecil Fidu. Il1tO II major tleer aviation I e nte r , The ~rst 5.t~p toward that end will be the Wilclu.al rt'Pj;1rCn1ent of the Adv'tl.nced Iminin.g Units now at the Neval Air Station, )m:kson\'ille, by carrier .ur group.'> bC!!IIl"

future, 'In order

NavM Air Starion, Jack ;on\ iUe. it 15not anticiparcd thl1t there will be any deC'tI.'IISC i11 the c:i I'I! ia n payroll. "I know oj no civilmn interests th,H miSllt be interfered with by rhe Navy's plan s for J ackson vi Ill' all d 11 oppcsiucn 0 to the rrolcct ill antiopalcd. I ,111! fOfwarding this inforrnation to you so dlllt )IQU may be fully informed ;IS to our overall n D'S I n the Iacksonv ille area, and r should be harpy to receive any expression from you as to y(nlr own view and the probable reaction oJ yuur t 0111>( ituenls to III is mutter." Local Chamber of Commerce. esecu-

., Although some 8.lId~IJtion' rn the military personnel level must Iltl'l'~stlrily occur dl.lr:ing the tr,ulsJtiOn t'trlod ,II the

r'

sonville tbe "Sail Diego of the ALi:tntic Coast." Join! ~'I udies of Navy ,Ind Ii;r Ft)fCC facilities are IlOW in progrcs-s with a view to po. ~lbII;! consolidation of, or ,oint U~<Lge any Iaciluies to be rearof.
hvared , No definite commitments be made by e i t h c r .se r v ir e qntil

tin's

hailed

the plans

.L:l m~killg

jack-

Truman

and

Re

pu

b l i c.i n No rm nec
5<;TI

Thornas

E, Dewej,

Both

i~ s put on ..
I.

vust aerial dispL.l-Y'" of rnigh

Short-Field Technique Told
VP~HL-2 Flies on Small Chlnp Sirip VP-HL-2. PACIFIC-Lnnding 11 he)!.,,), Pri",7Imlf on ~hort Grinese runwotys J:~ ,I tri(-k ..... hid1 pilms of Ihi .. SqWtdIO!1 Iuve worked out by much disrussion ;lI1d

Cer-i!. Ffeld n.nd not ,yet Ji rrnly c.stolblishct1_ The}' are being studied Jo~!!(ly with ather expansion pritrl~rrerJred by lhl' N,h')' IITId lbc Departrnent Clf the Air M ..yrort
regarJlIl_g
.HI:

lung 1 November

'']'he r1ans

t9..,S.

results

of these studies have been up· PJOVtJ by the Joint O,ids of SlUU W1J
the Secretary • NAS

can the

of Defense.

Force •ible

to determine the feasibility of pOI>. (011 so! i,htiOn or joint u_~llgc by

J !:j rdexperience, On ,\ retent~lgl1t to Tientsin JnJ Peiping. Cdr. J. S. Grsy, jr., the (.0.
make short field l',.lct.l[C 011 Gelds ~,8\l() and 3..100 tt'ct r!:$rt.:Ltivdy, the lattrt hl:'inp; \{ sworn 3,100 fed ,u:·,:ording 10 Chinese Air
gOOl!

h,]<..1a

dunce

to

unus of (he Nnvy and rhe Air ForCI;. HOW;:"l'~t nn less th .. Ai.r force is in ~, Iloshion to rnuke sunilnr fallLtH:S avail. able (Qr Nll\'Y lise. LI is the N;wr's rosal tltar the N.H.11 t\t,p.;i1ill.f)' Air 51.1 (ion. C\.:(il Fieltl be reacuvared rOt use by Fleet A Ir Un its all or about I Nl1·
vember
~ ir

rn~-

h)'ILl lilt shows. • N AS M!.~MI-A.rl'r"lIilnJt..,I)' roo stu.lent, fwm rile ,1.1'111 nlgl1l clusses elf Mi.nni Terhrnrs I H l,I<h ~chllv.l and En1blY Riddle <i<:h,l(1! ,If 11.\ iJI ion recem Iy rt'ct' iv~J 1~111n!5
«n tht; I·t., ld"".~JUe. I' Nil I\Tl! A"'/{\l,~T! ... -n!J!jn~ Jm1!: the nrdosnrt' depom meet put in Inng hnurs, ,,"orkin!! our of Wlb~ier bilid. where Ihis ~tHtf"n '" ~un'~~I'\' uperatiuus take 1"1"'1;.

R<:~t:nI15~.5tuuk cr uist.,~ in J une, G 1m view !oWl'r b~J! ~It rr~~ lotal" by h1!nJUns 10,094 mbound nn.l outbound thg_hts. Re • '~r"."t" JI .." i1~" ~"n'l: 95 planes III <;x

Gl.F...N\I~\V-SOID(;,

'5tH NJval

Air

'''ll-'

t 948,

lInti the N.l\'al

lIu)iiljilry

Truusport

Rlj:!hl

t.li~f."lIssioos

vaned A lour eJl/-:lIlt' C,H fie r 1.1I1JIl1J,: ap" rr()~ ..h, with Ihe ,1Irn::trt JVl'lgiLlg Oil lill: prop.' <II lJ" knot·s w.!~ !ounJ to permit the moderakly.Jo~de<.i ,ptfl!.l!~el tf') Lmt! on t·ht sh()rt~r runw.JY with 'i~'\'l'ral IlulldrcJ [eel to ;spare allJ with

pilots operatil1p; there. Postrevealed m!tnv Hod tt:dll1iill.le~ [or this wnrk. .

.Station. Mayport, be simi1o.dy reac[waled In rhe earl y rmrl .of 19'5"0. -"Tbe (¢mplet~ plan f or M~Yrort rc91llfC!6 Congmssioual J.pproval before it lim malertuirze, A request will be Included in lhe 19;0 N;n}" Ulul£!et rOt mOlll.h or the SL )vhm; ltiv£"r to !lLlyrorr. wmtr~!("t a in Faft "tnIIOT berth m,l:; ra,ililr('s .lifd m:J.kc othet ne;.~,s,jl1' 1m·
'Jl is believed rhllt tht N,nf.li d.... "dOrnit.'rlt ]"I.lll~ for t!J1.' )L1.d,SUIl\ iI.le l!fl'a '\\'il! benefit the 5llrTOllOJiof! communi ties ltS w(llj :IS p,ovide lh~ N.I\}' wirl1 ;to urg~ntlJ Il.t<eded neet ,tir bbe 00 lhe Southeastern Seabo;Hr1, Thl" realiz;Jttl)U of lilt:.'iC' plJm will in(nm~c tlw Navy's
rrOI'li:,Il1l'fl\S,

rund$

tuimpro\'c

the rll,ll,nd

{rom lile

us!:: of br"ke.$ T J.kl:·offs were mJ.,je u~i~g i:]1I;!rkr .tl.LrS :unl holding bl1lke unttl ]I o~ m,ln [f 01cl pr",'\$lI re was rendled, appl}'inl! ~Q il1ttn'Strl,m iIala pfl..:!'sure rehtlively sn1nrll}" At 9D kn.ots Jlaps weerI'" pu t to til ree' ~wtrttr~ and the .JirWlft had gained s~·\fcr.d IUlIlJred feet of all:.ltude by the
UI~lJ til:

no

pl.mt?, rhl!

Visitors ,I/;oard thc

]\:'1'1}'J"

biggeJt
Jt't'
.1

_1/1'-

CrmJJitl{1 jllT],

JIlf(lU

time the end of the rUTlw<l.¥

Tbere may be bettru- t.echni'lues, Thest,He ~ubmittl;"d :t5 Ol1C$ th:tt work.

wa.s

reJcheJ,

payroll at J,tduonviLle :mcl lhe hlm.!" s;rent IOC'l'IHy for ~Hrplit) Jncl s(::fV!(,e.s. It 18 fllrther hclievl:d thiLt the rlllul~ p1:l~itlo[] 0 f J acksn[l.\1 ute .IS 3 P,il.rt 0 f ,rhc

fl/Odel oj 'hit ',/qUiIlS Rql/.I!IJlltiOllm'Y IlVlI' /J"tgate (;(}mtlttltMIl III w gldJS {fasf jll iu jI.nJC'I7!Ji?f dfta. T/;e s/Ji/J namerake 1II<1J gWiIn thl! (I'.<!'U' by Cdr. RobYN MontgON{efy, USN£(. weil-ImOll1f1 '!Jenne Ac/Of

13

'GUtN~A

PIG'

AT PATUXfNT,

5£CiJReD

8Y ANCH01t

LIN.

AND

CHun

HARNESS,

TESTS

3lI·KNOT

SUCTION

TVIIO

fEET

AHEAD

OF

fJ·l

JET

IN1AK£

Beware Jet Sucf 0
Muroc Air Base II year ,ago when ue walked in front of the air intake of lUI f -86 jet ai rcraft and ws ~ucked In by the mru: lung air. The pl,tlle's )'35 engine was orenting at military power at the lime and the man was reported [Q hll' C been four feet from the intake. Since; that time consider. ble question ha
[0


a Jet

I

A

CIVLLIII.N

In

e r han

j

c

11'1lS

killed

.ll

L1UJ1Jll'F MC:\

around
is

the

1"1'0111

o:)f

d ivision a Patuxent The r J -1 WUS 01" emted boll I in a standard position and "kneel fog:' 1\S a rc ult of the tests, II was cnnd uded that the actual daoser area Ior this aj~plane extends only two

co,gme when it

running.

feel in front of the jtt intake. The area

Bureau of A~fOJ1autic:s decided to find out. II ran ;In exhaustive srrennfic test WiUl an F oj Fur), ut NATe PAT XEN
.&1'/£1\. Findings

f lhi, experiment

do mum

lO

alleviate the 'ear that
I(} or J'l fed

any·

will

between two and five feet is dangerous only bemuse the sudden wind Im.y cause a man to to e hi balance and stagger into the critical danger area,

existed

in the Air

Force ami Na\'Y as

the extent of the

of the intake is if! danger of being drawn in by tile suction. The tests were run by Service Test

one witl1in

Actually, the danger area is even less when the persoll is standing to 001' side of the inlet, since the suction IS greatest from straight ahead .1llJ decrease, rapLd!y away from the center line.
• Wit!1 the plane's engine' turning up at maximum rpm, it W11S found there was an air vdocity of 38 knots at 2' 3" distance directly rn front of the Jet. Three feet away this dropped to 15 knots and (our feet away the "draft"

CIiART

SHOWS

HOW

SUCTI'ON

fA~lS

OfF

FAn

AS DISTANCE

INCRMSf5

fROM

FRONT

END OF JET

was On Iy a

five-knot wind.

In making the test, a human uhject approached the duct. well-secured with parachute harness and heavy line. f-[(: was able to stand within two Feet without difficuJty. He reported his reaction

as being "only that caused by a 30·knol wind." J n a kneeled position, the airspeed was 55 knots one root directly IIJ front of the jet, 27 knots two feet in front, 15
knots three Ieet away and zero knots at four and five feel distance. A dummy

figure the ize and weight of a man also was used durmg the tests and fmdio.gs on it were similar to those with the live subject. A tanding dummy was no! jet. Lying prone, the dummy was not visibly afIec:r:ed at distances of one foot

visibly nffected two feet in front of

the

As a/art the test, a wire screen was use in front of the jeL intake dun to act as • s~fety gunn!. BU.(\FR is experimentmg with the idea that some such guru-d might be Inccrpcrared p~T" LTIill'lcnlly in the duct to kc~r out flying
caps. reels or other gear that would foul

or

the rotors if

u ked In.
rl.l!lhing

mtc the engine were rn~dt: with J ~r.kl1.:11 puot head, adjusted by :I cable ~t'turt:d to the deck ahead of the .iirplane (ICe
pllll/fl) .

Re::r.d.ing:son the speed of .. ir

The human ~ubJed was 5' LO" hi.l,.-ll One habit phologm/Jherf hat'8 lr takin8 dlu/ble cW'po ures, bflt hi tb« f(Ut' 0/ Joe and weighed 180 pOUClU.. He wore II photog:4 "TAS Net~' Or/lum, hiJ jall.\· fl.IJ fIIl'1I.:d oat 10 b-: .Inl1lelhmg III1I1JII,1J. Tbe QAC parachute harness backwards and fH-J 1f1i's i1l(kflMll~ is tbe P/;(;rNfOl!J and by uktng /1/10 Pl{/IIl'IlJ tZuidelltally on a snJ ety lme set ured him to J, ne-down Ibe ssnsa r<tga,fil·c. tin: p!1I!(rIJl,r"J,fJcr 1,t'~lfh'grd ,j PbmllrllJ! ~O~,·/(or ';i,' (rot.M., ring in lilt;' concrere deck. The tests were (llnUU(led wilh onl 11 on Aircraft Letters? vrded in the l'r;ec~ding List, but It does sli,g11t quartering wind blowmg IlCfO!;S Rusty not .uwa.ys show in tile dl5igniltion_ Tile the .field, Conditions of the !lIght derk, Some Changes Show Special Version Neptllne Iisred has II searchlight bat if if J. jet were an J. arrier, wind over the Familiarity with aircraft de$i.gnations does not (:}fry en "L' in its designation deck and WI: type of dothing worn by comes fairly en dy as far as the baSIC since its primary job is A W work. The deck crewmen would affect the dJn,l(tf rype~ and classes are concerned. Some Navy at present has Ill) planes with the area, rC(juLrinf! men to 5tJY farther ,I way cQnfuSion still remains, I 10WCVr::r, with 'T' ..1.e.~ignaJ.oJ'for searchlights, Some t be sate. regard to the uffix letters which indiAvengers have tow reels mstalled but Th· I',H h : d large intake dm t .md cate special vers ions. Since a few may be called TBM-JlI. SN}'s with tail velocities w ere less than would be changes and addiUon' ocC\med during hooks for carrier landings are called secured from a smaller durr, Th(!~rccLl the past yoar. t.he following reference SNJ"4C s, 11.1 hich the engil1e was turning up also w lit will hell' to bring aval personnel would a1Tt.'Cl the mr speed. Places like up-to-date, The uffix follows the desig· PBM Saves Marooned Pair the .nt-l PIJ>t1llnm and 111e ",)1' Pdlllbr!1' nation, e. g., MHQ, radar countermeasAground on Uninhabited Island have air intakes 011 both sides the ures versinn of Douglas attack plane, fu elnge ill read of one in the nose. W.- Clrst model. Two survivors of it capsized 37-fool tion before them, us a re ult, might be ketch marooned on an uninhabited 4U rrrx U'TTlIRS Bahaman j [and are thankful for the less than from a. sinf!l," intake, iLIthough A A111pliil1ifHIS vfr~ion patrol work of VP-MS·g ope.I::tting from they also hnve lesser intake area. B . _.. ,'il'erial ~rm a meru version NAS 111.1 rOAD. On 12 Maya PBM·S Altbough the te ts put the actual C elm ier ~er~i(lD flf piloted by £nsign Harry E . Edmondson, danger area at around two feeL directly non-carrier Jl.jrcr<lft U N, re cued Dr. and Mrs. Burton C. in front of Oil' 1"j's nose, personnel D .. Drone '!'nt!{Jl version K:tye of l Icnolulu, Hawaii, Irorn what would do well to give a Jet considerably E ., Pe"fI' I e lel1r(>l1icve, sion might have been a Long "Robinson Cruwider berth. )ust as they do H whirliog G •... " cerch lind rescue ver ion 501:" Yigil. H .', .. , ... H\,spiUI v!'t$j"n propeller. Keep 111 mind these adJeu The resCUing plane was one of man}' J ..•.• ,. .• T,,(g~l10WI"g version (Ruli'On1i: K .. TarEL'!: drone version Navy and Air Force aircraft parnclpatI. Henvy flighl clothing rrenres grcllt['1 I•..• _ • SCitrdllighL version iog in ibe extensive, bur fruitless, search winJ rcsj5tjln~r: II'IJ will hfll' "0111\\' II per,..1 _•. .• \) 1eather reconnnisscnce (or a PBY·6A which had. disappeared 9 son into lilt' danger ml1l!" around .1 iet, version 1 WlmJ m'f:l UI.I:: Je r:k, s~y ;1(} k.n"ls. May enroute [rom i: AS R()OSI:;VHLT l'.. . ,'Nishi opel.il i rig version would help "h\/~~ ere ..... -men towurd tlie in. ROAD!:;, P. R. to NAS KJ;Y WEST. Dr. p _, Phmngfl1.l"l1ic 'VCtl'il)n rake, hnuhl a parson ~((JJo;rttjjll)' Humble, and Mrs. Kaye were located afte, their Q ounrermeasures version he ~'IU!t1 he; ,.I ,I), drawn IfJwottJ trot W:15 sighted on the northern end of n Transport versilln ":. Rute 01 engine rurnup .1(fC(;!.s- the 5UCL~I" Stocking Island in the: Exumn group. S .• A 'IIISU brnanne version dl.'l1. Less speed, less inl~ ke T. . _ . Truining verslnn Investigation revealed II ketch aground ,~ Suction is worst J irt'tth in [rnnt of the U .. ., ,Utility version and capsized on rocks and a small camp pllLOC .H'IJ falls off to rile ~ide" lhl! I"t W ." .•..•. Specra! search v('rsJon tlyi.ng the Americau Dag upside down. mtake center hne. Z .•... . Adminiw~tJVC' version A sueccssful Ianding in light swells was Some other examp Ies or how the m;!.Je bytJ1e I'B~J in the lee of the island letters work follow: 1\I((),~t people know to effect the rescue. the amphibiou version o( the CalalintJ The marooned ouple had been enis the: pey·s ... and the wheeled-version of route from Miami to Honolulu via the Ute Marill¥'/' i~ the PSM'3A The drone Bahamas, the Panama Carmi and California. in their small craft when U,ey ran 1-1 II/hal used for target practice is the F'6F-3K. Target-towing lI~llmgel'J are aground in a storm on ? May. Although they had a 'i).day Ioed supply remaincalled TB~f-U and the antisubmanne ing at the time of their rescue, their version of the N iJprll:ne is the P2V-2S. fresh water was nearly exhausted and CmJ4ilI\ .ith 10 mm. guns, for instance. are F~U'4B' , the "B" indicating special they considered themselves in perilous circumstances. Tbey were picked up and armament version. flown to NAS, GUAN1' .... NAMO 'BAY. Airccaft may have installaticns pro" rITo, TUBE USED TO MEAStiRE SUCTION Of JET

l

or

15

Spokane .loins Reserve Chain
NA
AKRON
COST!A,

tecnon. TIle station will have CIJ~s n maintenance facilitie • Commanding officer of NA. 51>0· l"ANE 1S Cdr. Waldo C. Grover, USNR, who was formed}' executive oJfficer .It Dunng

and

Ilt

saw action

With

the W:'J: Cdr. Grover til" Fl'lmUin and the

NA.RTU

ANA-

Brehm.
Jpx Supports C h p r l e ito n AVUfAI ONE OF the r,r~t Associated Voluntry, the A V A. A) at Charleston, which was ~urrorte:d by A ATI,AN1'A, has been transferred to associated status with

reer

nits to be estnhlishcd

in the roun-

NARTU
Planes

.IAC~'sDN\,lLLE.

SPOI(ANE" RESERVISTS HUFF. BOHRER. SMITH SHOW

INSIGNIA

TO Lf

CDR. PEfTlTJ~N

(t.

c.1

arr station to join the ,1\:11 Air Re erve uelwork I NA 1'01(,,1'11: whrch was comrnissioned during tprl·mber. Thi WItioD,whICh c()ml'rise~ about eigut I:ll}' Hocks and includes three hangars as Wt;U :\5 ilpprt}ximntt:ly ·1 'j bLiijclin,l,,~ for adll1lf1isttllliul1. lr.uning :IJIJ maintenance, is loratcd at Geiger Field. from \\hiLh tbe former AVt.:"(A) operated. Ii lhe 2·1th statrun to. be arti ated within 01:' ,j.v,tl.Air Reserve Trainin , ornmund. Cornrni ... ioning W3.~ expedited by the s ~p.:cd}' ucrinn of the Spokane city rouncil. .After less than one hour'< nt:gOllatrons with the Navy. in fact, the counAThS'}'

naval L n.;,tionwidc

parkin,!,! the new organrzanon .md the various squadrons are more than 130
members 01 the former A~~( elated ol-

OUIt.iestOIl r rom J arksou viii e on the second and lhrrd weekends of cadI month to provide Bi<~hlha!nin,g for the more 1Iiati 50 l'iJol'i ill the AVUtA). Planes will be available from Friday thr ~gh unday on these weekend' Amon ....Ute first Reservists to Ay the ]lIme, from Jax were u. ()g) J ,\'.
Scharpf

lire

now

bCI:ng flown

10

who came uut for drill wuhcut rll~'Ier man)' months to tram and to, fly 10 planes based at the N:1\".l1

unteer

Unil

Company:
veteran

or

the.

outhern

Bell Telephone

U. (Ig) Thomas
jl'add:

Vo,helL

a

Air Reserve All): iliar)', now [1;"1,I.lfCdby

.md Lt. John D. Wiko~ who is with the Metrorol iL.U'I Lire Insurance Cornj~nny. 1,0\\,/1 in the plt"LlHf wirh One of lilt' first Ihre planes ferried Irorn .Tax are: Lt. dt C. L Thompson volnntecr training olTlCcr .ll J:tx; it. J. M. l lestilow. operarions officer; L(. tJ~) J. W. charpf of the AVU(A). Cdr. r. E. rhrader, )a"X ('{'hn1(I1.1 rmin il1g oth~d~ it. Cdr. H. . Jipson. 6ND Air Reserve Program oftirer: Lt. (jg) Thomas Voshell the AVU(A); I,r. (ig) julian R. Simmons, CO the harleston unit: Lt. Cdr. E. M. Valentine, CO

~(uu~111 .1! the

I.

the new station. GCJgtr Fic:i{1 IS 10 'nlcd about Se.VCIl miles from the busine s center of pokane, t w u.n,l;J hal m iles beyond the [It}' [irruts. Taken over during the WM b, the A.nnl' Air FOJ"(<:, it has

r

since

t

i]

leadwg thIS group rn their red-tape cmtiJ1g operanens was Mayer Arthur Mcchllo. Help WIIS also given ,Ill along the line by commissioner "nuke" Ta L • t up arter a careful survey to erve the treat Reserve potential in the Inland Empire, the new station will provide training Ior rw Organized Reserve unirs: a CVB group and a fleet Oli r ~~rvil.-e squndrcn. Forty rbne~, inrluJiog 28 fI ell«.Iii' d,ml Auwgt'l's Me bl;'i Dg trans f.e rred for I he t r,utllng of
pilots,

made

llynilaDIt

necessary Iacllities.

New York City. TIle Navy has taken over buihJiflg.> ill UJ.e leD foreground of the picture, Allbough Navy pilots will U'I; tower Iacilitie already on the held, the Navy will provide Its own fire pro-

boasts three runways larger rhun those at either the .Hiond Ai rpon, W.l.Shington. D. c., or L1 Jti3rdla Field In

been trans/erred

LO

the city.

It

or

or

of the Tampa. Florida, unit: Lt. John D. Wilco:-the unit; .ml.l the plune

capt,un, A.

or

. Trent .

squadron
and

IS pL1n11Cd to IH.ld a pllirOI und a VP FASH.on, as well as 10 .1Jd iticnal planes il1c1uJ1og 2 pv-b

Later it ct

P13Y-

's.

1'hc: Organized Reserve allow nee i s~r at 70 officers and 'WO enlisted 111'-11. III addition. tr(linil1g will be available [or Volunteer Air Reservists, tationkeeper plans Lilli for J 2 officer and 130 enlisted personnel. maoy of whom have nlle!1dy reported for duty.

GEIGER

FIIE~D-NAV:AL

AIR

STATION' LOCArED

AT LEFT, AIR

LINES TERMINAL

AT 'fAR RIGHT

16

nenr husilj"~s men Minn.ea.poUs Wins

gran led each wilhin the Naval Air Reserve l'taining Command which drspl.iy" theyear to that station grea lestOv been awarded
t:

The Edwln Memollin.1 trophy,

Conway Trophy Fraod<; Conway

(.ampheJ)

null l'ivi" I(;'Jd,t;1'5, C;lplUill Ke~lI(l '·wffimLs.s;ollcd" the unit a~

r.t 11 dfidency, has
Ior Iiscnl 19:J8 to heels in

NAS

MJ.NN,l!AI'Ol.!.S,

Omllbll as 'l AVl-(A), I)Il 1'> july, • NAS G1'iOSSll. Ir &--In J'e"iprmse to a re<jU<05t frum rhe Cua~l Guard on 18 _July, n. Jrant rc ad I I rnrn ~ 1,1 ke srearner, "skml!l tor the ImmeJi,l" rtm<JIv;t1 or n W(Jm~D who hsJ .ol1"p,eo:! ,lhOil.J, '11'>15 answered l'iy .1 I'll\'. r [,Ul,(tlC ",.,1' made ro the plane t H1I11 tbc~I"I' in d <mal! boar. An A ir I"o.rcc hul1l'uplel 'IPI)eI by In take the pnlienl f<) City Ail'j:II:Ht,
bUI med 1<::1l1 !lX::runm,tti.on 1,!1d,~a~ed dlat the w urnan's wnJiUun \I" u -r~OttJ .L1111'11Cdi;llt removal (1) U Ilt'mbS hospual an (l: l\.~l,r ,,"nhu~ IUil(e, ACNrdjng ttl die Co~,;t (,wrtl, thrs Ihe Iirsr tim~ ~U'd1 il rransfc r hnd heen tn"de Qil Lo.6: Eric, • ~ AS oCCH,J,. Mill' s-C:lIITier Ai. Grnu:p )-~ pal'lk'p:ned on the recent Jumor Cha:mheI of

Close on Minile'npoUs'

the matter points were NARTV SFA11'LIl, NAS [0::; AL"~Hros, NARTU Non!'OLK. NAS WILLOW GROVE lind NAS th ird, fourth, fi fth an d sl:\:th respectively. Winners ,of the" Noel Davis Irophy, which is awarded annually (0 the squadron in each type h3Ving the best record, were VF-71'I-A of Wil10w Grove. Vt\·r;2-f 0.( Nor· folk. VI1'64 of Nortolk. vs-zr of
OU'HE,

or

""'IS

which

placed

second,

Commerce All ,Iww Ivhkh wus ""itnl:i..~,,,J h~ ~f1l'rrl>:-imrrt<'1y :W,f)O() 11"(ll'lc, 1'he 1n1.'ukJ-i dQrr~r1m"'nl I"" b...... very busy 11 ,!lhJJlg flighl flh~~ind, in ["!Il'1~,.ti.('f1 \\"i(h the NllVCad prQgr~m (or tbe Office of Naval oaiCl'f Prorureruenr at Cincinnati and ac Pimburgb,
• NAS A11 AI'iTA-Apprl)"iu-'al!.'ll~ 3W.nOll r\!"pJ~ vi <itc:J lhl.' d\i iut ion I<.cd III i< a I tru (Dins dl~pl'l~ ~c Ir.~ All Dixie Ail ~I!ilw I",IJ at C hn Ill!"""ga. T cau essee. luly. Un lr,C ,", Ill~inn I,f ] he sild II ,'nllj"(lf~':I!'} nf the \"'A""~' 27 Denver W~Vf.S who I'Jd jW'l'l!fll~

CDR,

ICEI!5CHNER. CONGIlAT[JLAlES

CO

SMITH

NARTU
158

of

ANACOST!;' and fASl1.0N NARTU jJ\CKSON\'1LL.r:.

NAS DtN~~!l-AVU(A)

VAU 11-1 Takes the Plaque

fkw

?~(,I)

1,()ur~ during

S~lt l.I!k.- Cit)'

the mouths since ils
11 t recently

h.lll

DUT<;T AND!NG

covered sUI;,h factors as en It mentbcrship and attendance, cornplcteness ulld 3Cl'U:r,I(j' records, meetlngs :-dwdultd and Ltaining program:;, V A U·] I-I, the nrsllo be organn(cd

A via Iion Reserve

org,IR]Zlltion, VAU wun the II ND Volunteer

rerrOfU'lfU1CC

111

• NA~ GLF.NVIf.\'<"-)uJy wU highlighted by tilt· ~lucllS(l A~1 J~rymO\ltb Dealer's Model Aj-r p lane C(Jl!!e~1 he Idun the .rat!on for tWO d,ly~, The 'I~ ,w<.i reuched il. peak <Ii 111,O()() dUI! [rlna:dlenl advance pub-lldty. In this ,,,011 t'< lit, n ~5.nO(j I'D re r airplanes were ,ltopl'~.,J "n the crlit;>s,() -;'Tel from Glenview aircra rt, 'J1,t p''1;>er P lnoes 60 rc the Iellend '''nval Air Jk'll''''~PJ~k~ PC;Jn! E'mver" ,1'; iV1:!1I ~> ,III 1m IMlu:m (0 a!lend the cq!lfe~f, Numbu, nnpr Imed on them were juter u sed In ~ ,Jr.'" L I'tI .Jutumin,· ,~ UIH~rs of $t!"~,rBI r'!~ model a ,q;J~nes, .'
Sl)W:~SI'LII (TIllSI;'

1"'ID~d
5t;J.!i\ill

fllll.walling

vuiunl<"<r wru.k at rhe

pl.aqu(::.

The

ron test

,m.! "I th~ :-.i,Hjl) R~$tnr- Tmining Center, were Ir:msp0nC1J "0 an Jl~r' trnlnul,g !liBIII t" $.'1-0 Franc.im , In s11cndIt J"y olwv rJ iils l'i,]1 1 !fl· ~lUn, G.lInmUnt.ling Gl;'n~ral vi ill!! [.l1urtb A]r "f'! .rce, l-la rni IIlIn PidJ, .. Iilf" rlll,L, llltl!plr.1 the mvuntion 01 the cn \Ll s<'1111 .rll 1\lr RClll,'rH: dt:l-;l( hmem l011H1m rulers under IbL' cogn IU'"'-':' ~1f II,.. 1", ,unl, Ail Fmc.: I. I ::It"ilt I It' AI: rhe 'NARTll lhey learned rlhn~t t"llDjfl~
E'A'lTl.l:-F"t]'iW;n!! MajN (it'l1~nll

t>"iI.!i DI<Lt"\.li !ics.erv-lslS hdd nnother ,lwin.!,!: )LlJy ;1,\ Whiling
IJ

or

th~ R~.wr,~ Of • NAlt'TU to the ~Al\T'U

N"U"

1:ld,l,

Fi d, I. The entire dl:sr"l~' the fan I'IimuI)' ~IUJ~I't,

rei ntjun wrnr ",It snW!'l hit ri1M Hl5 SN!'S filled wirh were Hying [r'om Lh~ ~,'me

J;~)n r:,

among the 16 volunteer
nnw set up
In

avration

llIl

its

• NAS M~'rpH!S - Twenw-rwo d\'itl:lnrs wad Jed to 111~A VU (A) at Knoxv ille i!w 13;.7 hours .Iuring Jill),. Lt. (is) TImu A

the dlstrict, musters in the N:1V:i1 RCSr;:fVI: TminiQg. Center at Camp DctotUlf, San DIego. It hn~ oj7 oHirr:rs and eight enlisted men, The Url.lt's progr:u:n duritiS the prize. winnin,t; ye:H included lectures en Arc'lie and AnLarctic night £trohltms an..! cold weathe-r survival. motion :PlCt1.lfCS. reports 00 latest jet dC\'tJQrmel1~S al,d

PHh'r,

" I(,rmer

t"mpl"yee ro[

()tw

nf

the

Knoxville pnpers, receruly took over ns PIO 1"1' rhe uni! Mid hal heen k~cl'il'lg unit 0I(!11'1!l<'!I

,Iud 'JPl."rlll,llln~1 rri,,,;dllre, 'lint-flU} in usc by Nn.l! Air I{,;>,~nt "dl\]liJ:~, Dur_mg Jill), Wo glds If] the Civil Air Pntr»] ~ Girl's EnC~I,I]f'lllct1t. hetl'! I,n tlK smIt, .n, received I,(11] res ,md IO\! r-ed eriun ins
r,ltdit,(_-.

,n tll< news. ,\ J(!I ':"gone; ,bs), !JU~n is hems set ur ~t
~Mjnn,

rht

Equipment

ilv~il"bl'e

{n'n~i~lS I,j

rwo 1.1~ eml r-nc I3ritl,h H'1 i~r englncs, an dedrinll p~m I, fuel panel and oil panel, 1(1· gerher " irh n"(~%.<rl' {hUI~, pi CIIlres nnd ..j rflWIll~'1' fnl ~arryi fig nu[ J[lstr~(tloD,

Lr:dning courseS.
IT\ci"rings Me

Sdwdulcci [or
trips

rUlUft:

b(lsed

na:vaJ il.t-ti"itie5. l'ilk~(lJ] r(Kkel IlJld plane rcs.eatth, trRlniJ1,1:J;~e&S]0jlS for ild"';l.O(ernent in rate, and socjal eveDt~, Umll:r _pr5el1t plallS IJ]~ mlmbet meetings is to be incrcll'sed to provide opporhmHy ror full unit pnrti6pil.1 ion in
the new Reserve ret] relllen l prbgmm,

field

to San Dicfl'cr·

or

COInCident
nillj;
:I

this, the u[lit is rlan[!Jut campaign to inncasc "WI'll-

with

bershir· In the pi(WfC Cdr, Glffonl E. Smith, CO of VAU 11 ~I, r{;n.jVt~ tht pl:UIL'~ from CI r. C. P. Kerschner ASSLStilllt Director of Naval Res~'l'Ve (Air), who repre:~!!11ltJ R(;ur AUIll~raJ B, H, Bieri, DIstrICt Cornm.lfidant, In the [eremon},. S,iolion, ROlJnd~Up
• NilS OtJ,.THl>-!n thO' pr~celJf the Gt>"='l of Nebraska ~!lJ ,Ll~1l10xy pwml' '-'I
CHARLE5TON AVU(.Aj PllOTSGn

EXPUT

A.D¥IC€

AS

THiry

MP.P OUT

TRAlNING

HIGHT

ROUTE

17

U.EMIL

ZAcNUnO

Of

YIIoIf-2.24. CHERRY POINT

'MODELS'

A NEW f'UJ.5;CORSAtll

IS

NAVY'S

FASTEST PItOI'H'lERED

PLANE FLYIN!>

AT ALTITUDE

New Corsair F4U-5
'l'~t

irleotHying feature of the F+U-5 is the engine cowl. Dead-ahead it presents the

viewer

with air intake sceops

is no",' joining tlu, fleet to give it its Iastest propcHered uirctitt Jt altitude. Well into we --I50·mr11 class, tlte newest Con,!", rrom the exterior looks .rl most exactl y Iike ILS immed iate anccs1"4U·S.

the figbtcr:s. the

CofU. S. f.lmous since Na I'Y
UHShIRS

have

been flying for the I n6 and the newlirle of Chance Vought

Iors but nuke I[

mOTI:!

refinements ilbidc the cockpit tbun ever .~ pilol's plane.

Unlike most other pl~ne~, the QUince \'ought lighters h;rve always been i alled Corsoirs ever sim:e Iour N;lvy pilots,
~}'il1g the original 1916 rnodel , set four world's records ill lwo month" CO(JdiJ'J bearing de.sign,llions mnging from O:.:lT·! to SU·4. contmued to be made until I~3"1. There: was it period of three

By the nmc VJ Jay had arrived. the series hilt! pIOBrcs~I:,1 from the f'.j u-rn to the f-lU-4. The Iutcsr one had IlJ1 edge or more than ')0 mph over the FJIi-1 JJ1d its rare of dirnh had been in creased by 1 ,noo t"eet 11 minute. Both range and cc:-iling also weft greatly irnproved. Some 41 3 major engineering changes have been made since the Cm.f.UI· .I In i.l a 5ulsgerin:g total 0 f I 2, 1 H producuon dl:Jnges have been made to brin,g rhe "Fi ve" model ul' to its pro-sent performance 1.(.'\ el,
of till? latest

metal (ovcretl To improve malutenance, a Iarge access d00F has been provided OJ] the right side of the fuselll,gC" just aft of tl'le pilof~ seat (see l,holO). 2. C,Onlrols.-High speed maneuverttbiJity haS been imprcved by use of srrlllg b.bs r or clevathf and rudder
contrcls. The the pilot are ,II high speed, Thus, it will

8" o'clock. From astern sible to see I'bal the fnbric has disappesred panels wh ich now arc

it may be poslast vestige of hom the-outer

at

4. und

The NaVJ'

IS

rrocunng

several score
are

manu (•«tu red ~l Chance Vought's new

models,

whi('h

beirlg

plant at Dallas, Texas, Tbc plane is versatile, ~ervin1! as a fighter, 5ghkr-

rudder and elevator rorces w it b changel> in speed. stick forces required durinti dive- recovery, lIUO forces cC'1L1ireJ
tluring

control forces required of decreased by 3bout 405'0 as compared to the F4U·~,. be found chill changes in

p:nrsor !I~ when. Cm'~,m'l continu.ed. to b", cperaeional, but were not bemg rrtarurfartured by OUiJ1n>V()u~hl. When
war shadows got darker
~~~':'Lm
In

19~8,

CO/'SIU!" ,ll

became

a bOu~1:'.hold

word

Voughr,

Vouglltf'ogineers.. tn .ms ....er to a Navy re'ltlest for .1 new fi&-hter ;'Ii rp]3,I1{', carne up with a high·['IQwerc~l. gull""it'l,<:ed nitplune that i!f1swered all the "pt'cificMions. The rest of the ~torJl j~
history-Chance Vought II.l Irs Str;ttford
COI'1(,'7rJ

around lise i u Iness, the f41T -5 is Ute Iastest prcpellet-drjven arrplane prow Ll~l;'d (OF the Navy in !loy ~Iu.unlit). Let's lllke a rlOSN look .tt this newest member In the VF fold. How does it Jif{er from ItS J' re decesso rs ~ 1. Appearance-perhaps the best

ivloderl1lzed f rom pow~r plant lo tarl J~~~mbIJ' more powerful and of all-

bemher or a nighl figl't~(.

reduced. tess attention for

high speed rnaneuvermg

the pilot Ior di,m~d ill trim tab.

is required of

will be

3. Landing:--Briogi.ng the F4U-5 io ft Landing is accomplished with substan ti::d1y rh e same techn lque as th e -4. of the more forw:Ll'd
It will be noted, however, that because tail will be somewhat light and more no~-e·up trim lab will be required during lhe bnliing. When several Aights have been l1),idt >1nJ piLol rami I iarity g:1ined, this small uiJ1"e.rt'nce will be dHiicalt to deterr,

G location,

the

by Marines. Later ttl the war, the idea: that they weren't good carrier fighters because of lack of visibiUty over the DOse was dispelled, they bases
when swarmed decks. over

lictlns~es turned out another 4,101;) iJentiOl.I models of the lIlrr1il.uc:. C()I'Jl.1lr.f were flown with oU:l~tanding Sl-lc(eS1l ft rst rrem S(JU th Pacific land

plant,

turned

out 6,600

and

4. V,ersatility-ComiJer:.tble versatility always bas been. required of N~vy Jir('rl1.ft and the F4U'S l-as its full quota of lbisimportlLnt characteristic. Strip. ped of ,..11 its> exte mal stores-carrying P rev ision s, the 1'.,IU-5 is 1I r.tSt nod elusive figtlter. packing a tcr.t.ifir puncll 10
ST.EP$ ON

N'ilvy

and

Marine

carrier
fUSELAGE', WING
14ELP PilOT £NT~R

external tanks may be installed

its 20 mm. guns. To increase

its eiln~e.
0l,1

pyl-

13

OIlS, Us J1rCrowc:r can be increased QY use- of lWAR or TI~I) Tilll lUfcr,-.It rock ets. As a long-range bomber, the Carsatr IS equipped with external fuel tanks on pylons. 5, Cold Weather Operc.tions-l111: F4lf-~ should pose no ~peciaJ probkms ror rnamtensnce and pilots during cold weather flying. Each u!l'rtme is ,egulppcJ with an ad. diluenn ~-ystern and provisions Cor an extra storsze bat tery to ~!mpliry cold starling. ~ In A.igbt, a combusticn-type heater of generous capacity will, if needed, Ilnod the cockpit with warmed air while a snug Gmopy lit will cut down uncornFortable drafts, The: air mid for the heater is located on the floor the cockpit immediately in front of the stick (Jt!8 NHJtO). Windshield defossing is accomplished by directing hooted air r rom the corkpit h e at e r, t.lmmgb :'In appropriate louvre. at the: aft side of the windshield, EJectric heaters all the gllll); and pilot lube rf~t:llt icing of this equipment. 6. Engine-The Iatest CrJl'J"tli; has the new R·2Il00"J~\~· engiue which delivers 2,30() take-off horsepower. plus greater power uSing water in jecnon it required. The: P~·U'4·S cnrricd the R28on-18W and -~2W engines of appro:d· matcly the same horsepower.

rhe seal moves lIPW".l.r.J through It$ full vertical ltd J ustrnent, it also moves forward one inch. Scat adjustment is <IV (omr II shed bj' Jepress.ing (I b1.ob on rhe right hand console .1.dpCCllt (0 the seat, 8. itim1'ob,s-Another .first in CIJI'.fdlI desifm is the electrica] trim tab cOl1t,uj n.ll'lvenicJ1Uy dose to the pilot s

left [iand,

The

controller

unit and

\l'i'

so6ated Indicalor pro\ iilc an effort and Srl!t·c.('ons!;)'l'lng means of 9uickly ,mJ arru rarely pOSition iIll! the tcim tabs, (su'
pnot{)) _ Trim tabs areas and maximum deflections have been de..>igne.J so that t.rb

or

forces willi the mbs in either extreme mill' be: overpowered readily durl.n,g takto.oO" operatinns hy use of the
position

E. W

HINT.

,AOI,

SHOWS

OH' BAGGAGE

AUA

normal (ontrols. In add inon (01 el ectrica 1 t rim lab actuation. tilt· rudder and elevator LIb, incorporntc "' spring mechanism by mean ~ of wll it h these tabs. arc automatlcally d(t_flcn<:d to assist in control 0per· atlon when air loads reuch (tltaj_n hi~h Vol! ues, Consccluen! Iy, it will _be r ound that chllnse.~ in rudder sad elcveror (ortes. sl irk Forees required during dive speed

1. CockpH-111c secret ambition (If eway i.llfpLme designer is to provide lilling room comfort in :I g"dget·crowded :lighter cockpit, The r.iu-s COCkplL does uot quite provide Uvint;: room facilities but it has plcut)' of !!i.UlUy ideas incorporated. It is JesigneJ In rninimiac Bight tlttiguc in three ways: /. By seating the pilot as comfortably as possible, 2. By relieving him of much cperating detail through mcorporation of automatic controls, anti 3. By deliign in,g controls for easy manipulation
and arranging them in logical

fiRST

PLANE

CALLiD

COR5AI~

WAS rHf- D10·1
!l

WOllpings

and Iucalions. Access to the cockpit has been simp-

This step is below the foldmg step which is common to horh "o1.ll-'1 and -; airplanes. Botb Meps lire 110W cable(()nnffteJ lo the tail wheel and are automatically raised and lowered with the tlll.l wheel. In addrtion. both steps m,ty be dCl'>'::o and opent'u by deck men, The F<1,U·~ seat is a one-pieee magnesnun II.Hoy bucker seat with a high form-fitting back. Till; Se,ll 15 adjustable throu,gh ,I vert ira I movement" ot 7", hal f of that amount either up 01 down from the n eutrnl rosi rion, 1\.>

idied by incorperauon of ~ter on the rigl't side or

the rlL~elago.:.

telesroplng

No spring tab installation has been pro· vided for the aileron tab, which retains its linked balance tahsin addirien to the e:ll'ttrimll}'·orerated trim tab. W11eil Ihe N<1.lIy cODlpil.eJ its battle score of the Pw:.:i£ic, listing the JllPS shot down in combat by C.{Hricr·h.lStJ planes, it fuund that COrYah·s hadac· c0U11teJ for 2.1 ·1-0 of them in aerial tJm· b~l. Tb is n:fOrJ is cx.:eptional when it is remembered that the lT4.U'S operated mostly from laud bases and did not pM' I iri plllei n carrier str ikes, when the bill
kills were

~rrilJg

rc,overy. ~1n..J forces required during hiSh maneuvering will be reduced. By the sarne token, inrrodurtion of
tubs wil]
!lId

in

spin

recoverr.

Wht:m they first reached the banle arC.VI,
the J~PS soon learned to respect their speed and fiI1:power. They quickly \\on the: nicknarne "Whiswng Death."

made, until

late in the war,

TIIIM TAli CONTROLS

ALL IN ONe

51'01

MAKE ~OR p.[LOt'S

CONVENIENCE

HANDY

LOCATION

Of

COCKPIT HEATII!

INlET

NEAR THE PILOt'S

FEU

19

MARINE AIR GAM!ES S._ OW OFF RESERVE'
,1I1J EI 10m e('hp5~J houes of thght hme .1Ild the.: number of mea an d ~,B1Cer~ spend Illg the; r two
weeks on arrive dM·.

T

)-II~ ;;~CONn

onnuul

maneuvers

or

t.bt'

MUrine Air Reserve

at Cherry POint 19-i7 records for

For 14 hat uul -laJll1id ~1'ly~ under a breJ ling Csreiina sun, 1191offilcrs and I.W9 men put on an impressive displ!I}' of how fasl Marillc Rt:5CfVl' hghrer squ.idroas could mobilite into .1 lighting
LHlIL They Hew 7,7'l6 hours, compared to <;,2-\'> tlown by [he 1.;00 lvbrim's in the I t).:l7 mnnenverx. At EJ Taro, LOU5l<lJ IU}l!~ ,[gall.l humpCrI..d some mornin.g f'l1,J,:ht operations,

Mc.rlne Reserves cn.r'S between orderly rows of Corsairs at Cherry Point for second annual rnaceuvers: f'ij{)ts flew 501it more hours this year as air program isexpanded
the i11 l ry In observe fdn
th", maneuvers from the gWUIlU. T1wr returned laden with J, linirnent, 1, a health} respect (or the endurance of foot troops, and

Squautum, Norfolk. Gol lHU bus. lle, AnJrQ~tilt, AtJ~nt.~, and

GWSSt:

Gro"!;.',

Willow

Marines 11~v.9.16,) hours. "Both maneuvers were rlu- Ll.r,LI:csl' peacetimt' conct'ntr.1uons (If Reserve .ur powtr on erther seacoast. A spe;-'h.rnlar t·wa·th1t b:l!tle problem, ill (]QSC support of Fleet Murine Force iniLlfYtry re.:gulrrrs Crom (_.1l11p Lejeune d irnaxed tbe Cher ry .1'0111 t ope r~t Ion. ASide: from I he ahsencc (If lin; 1;11Cmy fo.rrcs shQltlill!!" back there \';~, uorhmg mock ahOlit the battle problem. Heavy utillery opened the waf. f01Ll1Wt:"! by Reserve l1J;h.ter pilot~ \\ 110~mll~hcJ -.It "enemy" streug l'omls. When the infl1!ltry O1(lItJ 111to mor

but the

z.nn

i. V.lllL mlm.imtiun tor pin-poinr work of Marmc ar+Illerymeu.
N 'fn,EIH OWll

l.lrgd

Leatherneck I ReserveClost: fil'ld. no b.ick scats airmen [auk support to
the Jnyoflc.
.IiI'

19 them was

nothin~ new, lOrtsiJcrill]! that most of them had dr.ml," till,; surne kinJ of fightIng 'Ior keeps"
It. .it

Pclehu,

Tarawa, 1wo

Or 01..;11,1\\
Ground cxcelh. n t

ur

with

~::lml'-tbwwers,

grc1Iladcs and

b~yOlU:tS.
I

the: "enemy Jrr.:ns<:~·· had ollupsed. ::'0 11<lJ a bunch ofM.Lrillt: Reserve pilots who bad hik~d .doH,!!. with

in ~l,IdI ,"ood condition th •.d pilots the 17 sglJ.llJrons were able 10 Ny 50 nercent more time in 19 l!rs rnaneu \ c'rs, Mit rinc GrounJ COil trol 1)1terrcpt sq u n d to 11~ JI'OJn Glenview, Squanru m 1111 Grosse ll t' p,lrti'l rill ed 10 d the maneuvers, <lIong wi tl j hgbtl: r squndreus from Glenview, New York. Miami,

e,N J.lilj

muinten.uire crews set lit' an record in keep Ing Ihe I tli$

Manne arul N:wytran.sport squadmn~ LOOpl'rJteJ in .11Uttling woum1 personnel .mJ liUll,1:iyiHg oln.(ers LO ilUJ from Cherry Point. In addrtion to rhei r duel" <ll1i\ily. flying, Hie Reserves S:l,W JJ:>pla,y~. otrJewe'>t Wt airrratt J.nJ eo· glll:eli. pdotle~s~, r(.'.rn.ft, I.,ew pr.opellereJ 1,1.'lOt'> like the Ail-I. AM'I aJld 1'1t'·". and had movies taken ill color of their full maneuvers from start to finish. Brig. Gen. Chri~li;m F. Schilt, CO of
Mnrine Air Reserve 1 t";Lining

declared
movements

the
of

cpcrahon
Marine

proved

ornrrund.

quick
into

or

squadrons

combat l,oJ>1!ion5 could be aceomplished in 14 hours, He: Said Reserves rrovt'd
thernselve t',lpable

work under combat condiuons,

that <Of. lr;diVl: Reserve air strength em De de\'dop~J 011.1 'part tune" basts ,111.1 at .m econorrucal lost to the United States,

or

expert

Iull-:

irne

Anacostla

Marine Reserves rile baggat,'e il1 transport Ill.me to head lor Cherry Point rruncuvcr«: VN:Rsqu.1drons helped

Capt. f. A. Lauderdale, ACI officer for VNrF'J·5t. briefs squadron pilots en targel J.Ssigllffiellts at Cherry Foint blL"~

20

Brig. Gen. dull at maneuvers=-Psrk,

Longr.lllLl.ll.{'S

MW.mi Mannes lor v. ork Pope, Guskrll, [gnuszewski and Parker

Chow

al El 101"0 wssn I reo bad, juugmg I rom smiles on Iaces of Shivler, Long and eorge Irorn Memphis' VMlt-124

Like the mJJlCUvN, at C1n'rn Po IIII the M:Hlt1C Reserves at J I'~ro also hUll/!. lIr 50m~ rerords fur themselves. hUlh in the ~lZe 01 the turnout ,m,1 the
number of fll;!;(ht hour". A rallt! ,. ~,{172 OHlCter' .11111men rdftllir1lt('d In the (.lJdorniJ cxcrcise« Ilyin!! III from J.'I t.rr .IW.I) .IS L. Loui.11\(.1 cw Orleans, Lalit yt'"'tLl' l. 100 took part. Tmal High, hO\lrs W.IS up from 'i, 'I') to 1),704. ,I IHI,!o!<.: hl)O!.( lllud!; pl)l;~lhk III pu rt bj the l'xu ..tenl plane l av.ul abihry 01, 90.0()r (l lor tilt' I ~ squadrum. V ,~1r 221 from Sr LOPb lIe" tIlt record numbe-r of how" ror both [ht:

tL~t ot" till ~r(Ct'J with whkh Manne h,<:hkr squadrun .. LI.JuJd assemble wd he reaJ)' to fi~hl in .l burry Aided by Manne .md Navy transport squadrons. LIie}' were n lhe 'por .Ll1J ll'in,!! w Ithin three dJ \. By rhe time (he rruneuver-,

were

over

011 _II

AlIP1~1.

t:\'cl")'one

[rum Gen. S~hill' ()II .I '~II was pleu ed II ill I the WC1Y the ClJ1t:r ,Hllln~ turned out uud proud 01' the OLID[,lOdin,~ record the men h.l,] pi I cd II r Sljlllldfl'm.~ I rom l),tI J.J.:I. Den ver, I'Ir<;mphi~> New Ot lcans. .M inncepclis, r. I.OLIIS, Olalht'-, Se;mle, Ouk land and Los A larniros Be\\" tl1el r Cr/fl,IfI"J west
or ~oul.b to El Toro Ground crewmen
\'1,1

,UmOII., wuh Reser- E C,m.J!!'f rurni~hing dose' air !iupporr to the 1!!ound troops .lJld air rover for surface N:wy 0perallons, In .uldition to their Hying activities, ground school d,l ses were held to hring newer recruits up ro p<tr with their more experienced 111:1\e~ ut the line, New-

Poinr I1l1d EI TOr(! maneuvers. ,ttll .1 loLl1 01 1.011"i.1l YMr-211J f rom Denver Iud 1'1e lllt:h~~1 ;qU,IJ ron Mr..r.lf! uvailabill: ' fur huth pLl I.""~ WHit
lOur t-

Iwrr)'

J.n~l

nonl'l\ol personnel Went jD sand 1l5( ~ .lIld returned

the

Ih arne

\, a} . HIJ.;ltltghl aulr
IUl

(or the

LWO

The EI Tom

weeks. maneuvers

hn.. lull-sculc t1

were

.1

r(;',d

01 the IHill1eU\'I;:IS W;!S the air-around beachhead as"enemy" forces at Camp Pen-

Actors
~IW

DC::OIlis Morgan and J;tck 1n·gal h'll tu nri~ Gen.
.1\

t)

.uul Ihl' ,\II-j \;"p,lIdt'l" 'Ide put on displ.lY, "1~ wel I ,I" u ~(\lt.ld ron 01 J\I nr me
I (j-I (HIli) Ids
i

I'"

Y

pl.!lIfC~

like:

lilt:

F)-I

Fury

l~t"l'n ,,,
Witll
f11.IIICUI'~r,

h,tS<:, ~II l TlJfO, ~o the E uul d ,gf.:l j II': WO I d QII I,JtL'
t"!i~'ri<':IH.c [rom h(!idllJ them fur

developments,

their

lust Yl-U',

11 b.nkgmunrl. lhc lunnc Reserves this .surnmer hdd llu rr U)'N.llll)Jb w uh we.itcr I lLillty and CJ,C 'J 1tL" ~pn'l! wuh which t hey lould mnhillze a VI hole

·ll'rikin.Lt Iun e 01 lighting
dil)1

I'!.IIW

in.

or two, ready La ~o into instant oreru[ion, Jl'ITIullstr,lkJ the value t hal the R(:St:'ITc.'!r.llnlng rro,gn.un hJS for the Navy and prep.rredness, This

Marine Air Reserve pilots at EI Tore clrerk target posltion mups prior 10 trarning tlight; this year's runneuver ~ct.1 nell record iurl1ighl hour" plane i!.V,lilllblLry

00

year's hig}.;t'r rn.uu-uver-: l'llt no strain rhe Marine CUtf"l5 lind its Reserves.

21

ewCarri

r lane

temporary appointments, are now entitled to permanent appoinunents In accordance with a list re ently published by the Navy. Thi list may be found in a publication issued by BvPrms entitled Permanent Arrointmtnts :tnd Rank Status of Officers of the United tares Naval Reservc-l July 194.!l." Not ,oduJed in this new li~t an: retired Reserve omcees 01' those an artrve duty in Regular Navy billets, who reC'c:ived perm,lllent appnintments under the Officer Per anne! Act of 19 7. in r: appointments to permanent rank are not effected automalically, eligible Reservists should report us 000 M rossible to their nearest naval acti ity 111 order (0 arcept their appointments.

Retired
XAJ-I. NAVl"~ BIGGEST CAUleR~TYPE PLANE,

Pay for

Reservists

naval airt:uft for carrier oper,1ti0I1 has completed surrcssf uII) Its initial flight tests at the North American I\itcm I Company, Los AI) de. alNEW

A

riorolll..
The

plane

IS

the

• J-I. cornbrning

two (Pratt and Whitney \\ asp Major ) reciprocating engines located under the ,vinEs with om' GE-Alb 'on turhn jc engine in the tail of the fusebse. Performance figure s IIrt' nOI yel available. but it will be considerably r,lster and able to carry a heavier bomb load than present carrier types. The plane will use Its ronventioual engines for normal operauons while the pilot will e able to "cut in" the ie~ for added speed under comhat or whenever needed. The plant' is heavier than present attack types used in carrier operation, yet lighter than the }.,'~Jlffml? (P2V) which n:t:ently took off from the Cor,d Sea. The XAJ-[ carries a crew of three seated in a pressurized cockpit. The plane bas a trkycle landin/<!geru'. high wing, and four-bladed propellers, The propellets are designed by Hamilton tandard, t provide high take-off thrust peed and high altitude. For ease of deck handlin,tt and maintenance, the outer wins panels of the XA)-l fold inboard, and the vertical tail folds on.to the right surface of the horizon tal ta iJ.

and

excellen t performance

.it

high

Revoking
With the

of Flight
tighter

Orders
Affeded
over

20 Yea,s Sa,lisfodory Service Needed liAS TWO CONVENTIONAL ENClINE5, JET IN TAI~ Under the terms of Public Law 810, Deriston has been made that the consigned on 2!:J June I y4s. Reservists are tinuaricn I)f ei~ht proficiency is not now entitled 10 receive retired pay UpOI) necessary and cannot be justified in cases ren.('hlng the age of 60 reus. provided wherein retirement or separation are that they have performed 20 or more remliug. Chief of :1\',,1 perations yeats of sdLisil1Clory federal service. announ es EJrn ye:lI: of sati j actory Reserve enAccordingly, wilton uitahle request is icc (actrve or inactive before the ffeclive date of the law (presumably t [anurf.'(ei\'eJ or when '11'prorrjate artion has lI.I)' 19·1\») may be counted .a, One 0 the been t,tl.;ci'I urnl) recornmendations of nfficiill boards, Chief of Naval Personrequired 20 years, However. after the nel will be r,eqllestetllo revoke th31: effective Jdte. Reservists must accurnulate SO points a year to count th:lt year part of the orders wh ich specify "to tOW3rd the 20.year total, They will reo duty iJlI'llldri,~ flying" for those officer$ l,;l!lve 1 pomts just for being a member Whose retirement or separation has of tile Reserve, one poi.nt for each dav definitely hecome inevitable. f active duty performed during the Coral Sea Hosa Busy Time year and one pemt for earh drill or period f equivalent Instruction taken Helicopfer Rescue Is Recent Feature in the reM. What constitutes drill or S _ORAL "EA.l\n..AN1'[('-Recently equivalent instruction for Vol un tee! .1 vr'J~A pilo! ~pLln m 011 lhe cross- leg Reservists is now bo:.ing determined by of his landing approach. forhmatdy, the respective services. he was able to cxtriclite 11irnsei f from the Since one of the purposes of [he law, plane before it sank. Lt. (jg) William however, is to offer lUI added indurech au f1er. pilol in,g .1 he] iC'c)f1ter n.tt:luled merit to Reservists to participate not to Hclicoprer Utility Squadron J, made only in Organized Reserve activities but .l superb recovery - h~\'ing the pilot also in lhe activities of regularly meet~afely aboard the ~hir in about three mg Volunteer Reserve groups, such 3$ minutes from the moment of Impact. Volunteer Aviation Units, it is expected Vt\·18A. commanded by LL Cdr. G. Unit training will be Mil ri, believes It IHI~ ~ t .1 peacetime that Volunteer credi ed toward retirement .. Thus. alAighr:- record operating from a carrier, The pilots of t-bis S,!LMJron flew .t Latal though Volunteer Reservists receive no of 1.000.1 hours dUTlIlg July. This is pBi' for drills, they will be able: to earn credit towards retirement \:lay, provided an iiverllge of 45." hours per pilot. that their drills meet the requirements LL M. R. Etheridg(' urtarhed to VA-;m now being established. made the 7,OOOth land in!! on board the C()I.11 SI'tJ on r'i July. Em. L. 1\•. Jones, MATS l\SIATI!: WING-A couple ncar
attached to the same St]WdIOn made the 8,OOOLh l.rn.lmg on 29 Jul. As of 4 Au,gu..t, 1,">43 (a.I.II'"1L launche e 6,830 mi.s"" were scored by the elements on the 17th and 18th of May at the Guam base, A typhOltn put the station on Co,ndiUUll D on 17th May. In Its> tfllln live hours, Space Control sent out eight departures. which was ~lllll('t1liL1g of a II:<Ord. TIl(: ernrrn f, -passed GU"ITI wHh nOthing mort than glJsty winds, but CaptllLII D)'~OIl 8l've all hand, 11 "well Jon~" [or their preparedIle~> work Oil rhe rollowing doy, 18 r.1uy, an earthqua ke t:HtI~d tJ It: dishes UI1 the; bJ5C_

Men About to Be Separated all orders to dut}, invol rently in eITecl:, it has Departrnents pol iC)' tn lnvoll'lllg eying status-

\~ing flying curbeen ih Navy revoke the July of those naval aviators or observers who are :1w~itiClI_; retirement or separation from me Navy.

adrnmi rrarion

de k launches and ~.l2i landings have been completed on board this ve sel.

Permanent NR Appointment
Reser-ve

Officer Rank Structure Set Officers in the Naval Reserve, who for the pa.'il six ye.us. have received only

22

.~~-- . ~. S VISITS
_ .: ~~1'~

~

NA.S DENVER

Denver's

Air

Reservists Fly High
WEEKEND WARR'IORS FIIOM NAS DENVER FLY TfiEIR S82CJS HIGH fUT OVER Il~ THE ROCKY MOUNTAllU

T

trul r may be su id to ~it 011 LOr e r 11o~'!l,I! ion. With it:> tllilludc 0.1 ~.IJR!I hot't, It is the III gh~sr nn v a I ,1.1 r station III 11K' world. It IS .1.150 lIi~ r.lrl he ... ! [rom an)' large uoJj' or water. Sl.'l .1J..::ti n ~t tlu, irnpressi VI: b.l('kJ nlf' !If tll<.:

·1l1.

NAVAL

.ur

station

at

D~n\..:r

0(11)' Ii}' !'IV'" of rln, I rrnc, 1-1011'('\'(1:, dOI1'l- J:;":l [he idea thal u,}! ,II Deriver Iollows tilt' usual CJII,

r

Ar-

tJ.Lk~.off,

m gunntry

exert i~C'"

".,ul\-her palll.'fI1 1"111,; ditterl'.l1w in .u mospht:Jil.' presst: rc between sea leve I and Huck!.:::,. Fidd (! '"i r''il ,b 0l'po,e,I to 13,H r'i) r(;~Ulres various lhe.ngcs ill
(UfLf:lt

i~ held NA~: N.ny miles When the
DIlNVER

Rod».) Muunt.iins-e-just wheic the wale rn Wl·ste til p[Jlries ~egi I~ tu _wi IIKI! II sh

the I r hold-the station II~e.11 nMk~~ ;1 Jr.lIn~!i, ~prl:aran(e with II., bMl)o:~r' .L1I'! pl.HH_:", gLc:ll1'lIng in lhe l ryst.d rl e a r
air _ COl Hf.lfy ' w~,llllN

i,,!

down srncothly

t pWClin'ii,

ample, bly higher ground sreed than would ll\: ft'lbibl t .tl sea Ievel , [;\1 j III re to ,10 th is ikCOlmis ior the sralling-ou; occusion
II

-j' 0 set your pLlIllc .tl !h1~~ttllion, 1(1. !;X rOll have ttl llmd lit a consider,l-

Buckley the ell}" ;lcguired this former Army :\ i r base in 1916, it found the fidd ill ~ bad ~h\te of rt:pai.r_ With the l'ublil . wnrks department healin,g rhe bru n tor the .issaul t, llil.n~.us Were TCpainted and Stf!.'LlgtlwilCJ. runways w(:n: rts('ftk·d and. In short order. the ,t.uion W!L~ flut in hrsl-class 1...011dilion, At thiLim ... ]''-'fSOIIIHd lmd (0 bung their QWIl
IOC!!Lt:d. ill

I0

r rom

The r,m:iieJ uir ,d~()1 ~l\1'[llirl~ IOll)l. thl: L? permit ariD,!! 9.1'",. of the t irnc. l"hi~ rUl1wuy~ at Denver, lor it l.:tlc:i n longo:r run 10 f!clll plan", alT Ull( .!l.To\lIld, CartiJ4llfl: is Il~Jl bnsed 011 ~lIcJ;~work hut on .tn JJ ud Y s I~ COH~ 11J:! r h (' last 11 e j'1:,U:s btl n_::tof\ have to be lc,ulc.1 au I ILl over ri v I (J)m: h);1JUI~ UI' In ground ort:r;lli(Jn~ ",..hich W,I~ r= of ,1Il cx!-cmi\c Wl·.llhcr ,,In(C "snnrrhhu;" ,gunnety ,IIMlll'/! l'fIl,l!rafIl umlertakcn by Ihl:' SllI1i1.ul)" w\~ s.ll.'c'Vt'i off tlre gta~nJ I~ jlnro~,i N.II'Y. till:' A rmy and loral weather SL.Ibk, these sleeves have (0 be placed in tmn s The worst month 1,.,,1 )'C;H w.J~ fl. r,\ ,1\'11-1 he \\I t:t:kCIIJ wurr iors ,:ou IJ GIIH, Frnm whu.h tlt..-)' Me pulkd .llltr

r()plJlu bdi(.~f, lilt' al this ~i.l[IQn i~ ,coo..!. enollgh to

\l y red orrncd by visit iug Iire IIIell ,

lunches
b;l~l'_

or snatrh

u few bill.:~ [rom tin:
~t;lll\l

sol itary 11m' IIIJf,{ On II! I'ebruurr

lOllle.ssinn

011

the v: ,1$

1.;>·16,Ilie stlltioll

ntl1d;l1 I J' l'mHIlI1I~~il!)nt:J und th us tuuk Its 1,11l(t:: alllon,g the ~! i11 the ori,grn.!l

iQU~OI!Q'"

CO'S

UNE UP WllH R. ADM.. wHITniEAD

AND CAP1, HO~RNERAftER 'NAS

INSl'EC110N

NOl.v"t Air Reserve l'minll!,!!. D.I:Lw(I(k, COmm>lm!t:T Thurston H. [ames, till; rl't'~elll t::):elulit,t' oAleel-, served rt~ CO un til the rrtscnl rornrnan Jj oR, 01hi t r. Captain !-I. 1. Hoerner, look OVer. Both of these men have (Ontributed much to the smooth functioning of I'n;wnt opt'm~ioq,. Dunng the war, Captain Hoerner. all Acad!!my graduate of UK CI;l$s of 1')27, was .• sistarlt operations olfice r for s Staff, CornSoPac and l:J.h:r {PI" Slaff, COlnmandcr of the l1.lird Fleet, .:;eri Ing under J\d.mirJ.J Halsey, From 1?"i5 to March 11:}·17 he '1'.',1:; air orlircr for Staff. Com W C5StM Frofl. Cut, J.~mes, a naval avintor who 11J5 been assoc iated wi tit the Reserve sin!'\.' 1926, fQug,b( with numerous squadrons In the PilJ..if'i, Juring [he 'Nat. He was especially selected for tho! job of Setting ur MAS DENVEll on the baSIS of the record he rhalked up in the MarstHI.U Gi lbert a rea ill base developmenl.

23

O. R. PilOtS

FROM NAS DENVEilHOlD

UP GUNNERY

SLEEV~

THEY SHOl

UP DURING

PRACJICS

HELD AT AJR FORCE RANGE

IN

WENDOVER,

UTAH

I ;lVll1g ,In enthl!~ia5Ii and hard worktn[! grDLlIJ of "tal ionkeepers. Tml'l'lcdj,IL.:lr .rlter Lilt: ;L..lion
In \\\1

.1'- fortunate
opened

DIGH'r

fRl)M

11ll:SIH~ DCIWt'f

hus been

all billet" were hlk·d

I'Im:e

there W,l5 J. ,l!O()J ·:,IZl.'d \~adjllg list Loi al businessmen claun th.lL the N.t'".!! Ail I{tc<;erVt ITl',lis It~ Pl'I~QI.1l1d ,,0 well that they make well '.J.tisficd and useful mcrnbers or tilt' comrnumncs in Whilit thcv lrve, The uine Qrg.mizl:d Na\,11 Air Re~trvi: squadrons at Deuver arc \ irtlJ.l\Jy lip to complement They inulIJ~ 1 '\"l ,1\ lutor." 63 ground officers and Y15
1110nth!>

later

enlisted mea, III ,IJclilioll. fJV'(!f '\0 A:;s iated olunteer= Reserve orhcers,
001)'

.Jhout five uf "\\hum are In ,\ drill plly status. tah: pMl regu]u1.r in weekend allium};.

NAS D,,;,;vFn abo hll.'i .\ Murine Corps Organized Reserve 9ltadron, compeised of <;4 officers anJ 17 J men,

110:].1 at EI Tow in ugw.t. MMiI1" :11"1arors a"N;'I~eJ '10.3 hours, With 1'1.1111: availnbi U ry hi rri ng lOOt){ Ior the entire period, VMF-J36 en~ed ur in th<.: top spot lor .iv.ulabil ill (or tlre second Lon secutivv y(.:.lr. Tile stat ion ~UP[ orts lin AS,O(l,lteJ Voluntcet nil at 5:dl Like ell)'. TIllS AVU(A). which is rornpnsecl of l"i?! n.n,ll .tl1l! Manne .I\'i.ltor~ .InJ I!rOllnJ otfirers and 11) (111:11, is one of the most .ulivc unit in the ('outHry .rnd j, chalk109 up ,I fine record in its lHUDIll.!! .u ] i\ ities, Wi\VE~ are JOlllg un excellent job al. Denver. There are nine WAV1' station-

1111: head ot the Mll1inl Air Re ern Det.u.lmrent [s Lt. Col. Wayne McElroy Cargill, who UI:!W with ,I Marine Head(luJrrers Squadron III the Pacifrc JLlfJlIB Ihe war, The: Jd.l hrneut induJc~ .3 ufliren und ,'>7 men. At the two weeks lmllllll,1.; maneuvers

keepers,
ft'[lLllarJ}

\'(1A \'f' on

Jtp!U'tm~·111,!. 011 11 non ·p.l}' bu~is, were rewarded for Iheir efforts b being I~own on .11' l\,JU ll'llil'll1~ ni{.:hl tu 5;111Fraru iscc Iora 12 fereni

Vulunteer-, cornc out weeken Is to help In dil'-

Rcce.llLl), tlK lauer

Denver bas I' number I)t r,gullIl.cJ Reserve pilOh wl(h oubLnnoitll! W,U' rerords, T},pJc.tl of them
1&

o

W' AW

reULUOI1.

Jr.

Hoi Ien beck, hel [led hlJ.Zt'
~wlld

veteran NAT' 11 il !rails to the

"aot

H.

who Ak,lt ians

and Pt. Barrow.

On the ["dlil ies side. the lIor dog
has long since been n:[,LM:eJ hj

a I.H_l?(; and comfortable; snack bar of" NJJed by -hip',! Service, From the 111()I1~T 111J:J t' 111 Uk snack bar and UII; ,hlr'; store. Ship's ervrre has contrrhuted In tile "Wt'I[. re and Recre.uion Fund, ~U'Idgiven rnOF1l'Y to help make the Service Club ;t fine recreational 'dl(C'r Ier lh<: men 11 lIlt' slut ion,

[

0.2 MEN oN

fOURTEEN

DAYS csurss

ANSWCIl

UP TO MUSTal

BEf'OR~ GOING

TO 'HEIR

CLASSES

WAVES G. LEISTER AND L SANFORD

DO A JOB

24

JIM

aREW~R.

JOE PEIRAGLIA

AND

P"U~

GrLMOR!:

STUDY

RADAiR

GEAR

CHIEFSC.

W, CULBER.TSON

AND

G.E.

F~f'lNOC!(

CHECK

our

PLANE

RADIO

a ,;,[JlrOIl nil" ((lr I,rddil,ll im!runiull the lund .. l(jI1IJJ~ of l,d,ltIOII m With the hdr of the two offi[er~ .md one ('nlistc:J man. who lillrl.:f\i$~· tilt' proje .... .t, lilt' boys have built their: own hobby shop where lhc:y nun om such items as _e.1S model J Ir[lIan"'~. Nl.!tdlo..:<s to say. this rrogr~1n has aroused grC".1 e nlhusi<Ism nor only among the Sloat. hut also on Ih.. p.1 rl Cl f the'l r ~p(l11 ~Ol'~ in the
III
In

The ~IJI!tJ1I rnniut.iin« dow nlrlLtlrt With local civic J!rolJlP~ ,lI1J holds ILs rq! ul.r r 'J!loia or' (jr~'n 11I\iJ.ws C\ Ir \ LsiI O[~ I rom surn ..llndiilg ... m n 11111 irk ... All l o ill terestiil,lo! pro It'(t b <IS been St'l u I \H tilt' lo~ ul Hoy Scours. Once a month these s~nll(~ are brou,ghl nut LO the h~I'(:

r

lr:J.Jtlin,l;! .anJ m.IIIHaining their own plants and hangar. There LS .1 steady succession of Uiglrh in ,~lld oul- of the: surion, (O'f Denver I, .1 ("OJH'eJU~lt Ulj1' over ~1l1rt,Fuelin.g :;pot for east co west .In.! north [0 soutJ" hops. On the I1l'W cross country flight operated by MA1S. which rep Iact'S (lemporarilr Jt leasi ) the l!1/I,[WI. NAS DENVER l~ n regular stopping point BUL it i~ on the weekends thut the '>tJtiol1 re:lUr CO/l'\"~ to life. II is then that O£.l~al] l2.cd and Volunteer Rcsen,ist~ DENVEIRRESiERVE
FASRon·l:SS~l,'

l,Ollr onto the b,ISI:', driving their (MS, riding Ult:1 r horses or even Ilying their own plum:~ [0 get there, It i~ then ,I'hitl [milling It:ully goes Into h(gh

unroll!' .evcr doubted that the Rocky Mount.un area would be n gooJ plat"C' La IDCtte ;,J. new naval air sb.1Lion, Jllsl let them go out and watch operations at NAS DFNVgjl. on n. typical wt;ehnJ,

rr

SQUADRONS

~(InLI1lU II il\

never u.._-ttl~lJ)' lp.Jicr; .it All durllifl tile Vlcck stut i{)nkccp~r~ are getl Ill.!'! pl.ml"'i md ""llJil'm~nl f:e:ueJ [or Org~l11lzed Reserve trainins; .1.ctivilies. Flll ilil ie, on llre ~tatll)l! have been made J.\'<J.illlhlt. ror thl Colorado Air N.ltiollJl G\lurJ ;l1j,1 N,Ij-iOI1,ll Glhlrd.~men .rrc bu,!
rllNG<; I\R~

T Denver

Cdr. J~, U. CWrk. .J , ... CO, J.'t. nft~~ ~. LI Nrrr'l'IJI, NA:t..!tJ, .. ,CVG·8S- ',1,·. J, 11, CO. VF·Sb-A-LI, P,h'. W. I~. r~",,1i. ('0; Lt. I'd,' r. IT. ~'II".I,,,,ih. E~e ". Yf.S';·A r,l. w. n, nelly. (;0; 1,1. ii. ,T. nHY, 11:;.f""~' VR.75 11,1 11, I, _HnU"" 1lf1(')i;. CO r, 'FAS'Ro~'S5 -L.!. C,lr. I'. J, T,,,,k f't); j,L. I'<h-, 0. \\, R.I~" R.. 1,;,... , . V'A·,8!i.A Lt. (;,11,'. Ii. .1. Itl!~n. ('f}, I.!. !'; H.

l'.,.,~,

r-u rrunu

Y,P·ML..1E

"1', M. Wil'UI" Ex";' V'A·96·A I.t. t'k ~'. lih"y"", 11. .L.. O. J <.t~'.nhl1l £~t'l!.
Y,MF·2'36-.("ILIJI.

r.t, CrJ,". J. H. r.l1"'J. ("0.
1'11:

~~.Ilf:',

1.\. Cdr. 1,1.. I JII' I

\v.o 1 'i t G~ W~~ l'Ml:1:"

r,...1I1,

C. E X'l ...r-.

n.» I

l'!>·(·npl.

J,';.l-

nunl inspJ.-'Ction of NAS DENVI!R; lefr (. I'lgbl, Lt. P. r. D"W'ces; Lt. Cdr. R. J. R~cn: Lt. c.Jr. 1.". R. Clark .. [r.: Lt. Cd.r. J. H .. Kilker; Lt. dr. C. H. Cheyney;.... dr. H C Hollenbeck; C Ca;pr. G. i\. I. Wats\lli: "Rear AJ nural Rlmo.lrJ T. Whitehead: Capt. Hoerner. Lt.. Cdr .. I" J. Turk , Lt. WI_ C. KeUey; J..dd .Lt. CJr. J. D. Espy. Pilots holding up their 8)Jn"ery ,I('en: ~rl'; Lt. Cdr. H. L Thorp; 1.1. edt. ~'. R. Frauk ; Ens. L G. Shan .. non; u. (jg.j E. W. Jones; Lt. C H. rltisb.1Ch, Lt. 'jg 1 J. H. JU(ob~': 1..L. OJ..:) \'V'. I L Marti 11. jr.; Lt. R. K. W1ilney; and Ens. n. c. Kirkpatrick.

T'III the pirturc
~ll'

Fr.H.Lit'-'<'!NG

taken during the au-

officers

are

mOWD

A. COFflHD

MM3

AND

S"/SGT.

A. CLOYD

AT WORK

IN MACH.INE

SII,QP

J

D. 5WII'I,

W.

ME~LANG

AN:DF.

LONG

CHECI(

DISCREPANC'I'

SHEETs

25

U.

GAY

TAlkS

SHOP

WITH l'f.

COIl. HAMILTON

AND

SKIPPER

ASHWORTh

CHRISTMAS

PARTY AIIOARP

HORNET

WAS

WELCOME

IU,SPITE

FROM

WAR

ToTorpedo
THf

Tt!lW.lf
1lt

qundr
NAS

ccmmissioning

the aWMllillj:t Cross to Lt. (jJ,!) corg., . Gay He was UH= 10m: survivor Ilf the glllliLtlt but {UI ik attack of Torpedo '{jllutirnll Eigln lit the Battle of Mid wuy, ymbol of dU(J_og- in the (aCt 01 odds, C.~r .J~ ;l pilul. 01 IIll newly formed of
tnt: N'IVy

.tdu(;:J a ~pt:~ral ceremony,

tober

19,11

I'

Eleven

ot

AN

1GOt· DIEGO was

over the ta.rgd IL 0,00. h to the harbor W;I- made at [suO fcd, by lilt: mirte·(,.Jfrying planes, These lim] pl.:d to 1.2(JO rCiet (or the rruc Ill! run. 111(: rru ssion was an unqualihed SUCCesS; ~It~ mines were lroppeJ .lnurutely anJ saf'elv 011 the
L Wil:. fir:;t run.

TIlt:' for Tilt;' appro'l

~<Ltl()11 Was

bomb loading. r.ldM bomhing lind nomcmpha ized. B}' 2<) 1:1'rcrnber 1',1,14. VI·II was ready .l.I1J ~.lgLf to nJd rts stm.g~r ,trt·ngth torh!.; /101'11<,1,
PIIO'l, ~ngllg{'" 011 ill

TIllS

ompletc:ly

co rdinarcd

VT'11
Nnh,l

sl:lcr..rl
.!g.lIn~l

tr.lIl\l!l_t; exercises

ron hit Okin,n".1 ui rhtlll

before the squadJ 0 October. On

vr-u

part of the pust that beld promise for Iht: hJlurl.'. omnuinded by Lt. (dr "rt;ut'rld: L Ashworth, th squadron was made for the ITIQ,;t part, of ,.t:fsanntl Will' h.H.t had no wmba!' CX}'," rH.!I Ice. Th us
the

represented

operarion efferti I'ely her uddled the eol:fIl)' so thai tliere was only a token opposition of light AA. All pl.lJI~ re-

lhHt II ,I}" tht), 1l1'ldt·

turned
r,lrt.
puise

trnd~m.t~L'J.

ur.

. \'(;1)'

t'i lot de: erced crcdu I'OJ hi~ Vl'·1 I pilots ha.! 11('llllng hut lor the IJ·]; pilots who l,tiJ

,lgwl~~ .rl1.l town. Dtl.l.,>lIHion wu~ I11l'kd out ,uth renr to lfolttr lh(> .1Irht'IJs, knock planes .md imt.lll;tij ns out f l unmisslon, .mJ ,Ic:.tfll}, or d.1mag\.' builJill."s III !lll' \11\1'11. Th« euerny's AA )IH. heavy lholl!!,h i( was, f,ti[o.:J In d.IITl'I.I.!.~·
11ll \, T-II",

HI ret" \lrjkes lWJ one strike

slJUildroll dt5iglltd by Wall Disney pot1.ray~:t a hanr IlUrI· Inll .1 torpedo. ;1 skull on the W,I rhe.id, all 23 Ortober, rbe S(.JLIlIJron emollrh·u [or I lawaii, ,lJ1J .rfter some time
Ull"

jll~igm: 01

there

hcnJe&
j

for

NAS

NAMJl. Fiji

hltllld. Eield.
Lions.

5 FtlJrUl1r), 19·1), ':J\vO mon Ill~
~tl!tioncd .rt Henderson

later t1w)' were From th~

fur (.ornb;tL I'enl' of r\ I'ril lu he mnldle or Ju Iy. VT·1l pilot - extended the area of desrnn tion a.,\ the}' ell-t!<l_gnl In almost (.l!iily strikes aglLiosl the CilCITIy, Ag.Ml and .:1,?J.1I1 they Itft areas in the condltion de5nt'd by twe ords in one 01 their .l'(101i reports,

Guadalcanal,

midtlJ .

-'ftrillt_! after ~tril1J!- of bouibs I1lon~ the head_! (0 I"ul s~,\rdrli~ht Jild AA posi nons flUr f mll1rnis~i(1n. . irnilar t ar.~(:ts on, two ncarb) I J.UlJ~ were .Lt. tacked by four ~upportrnf.! HI ~ s wh u,~J d ive bombing t;tdi\" tv .1,(Urn· l'lI~hl hei r rn ission. In strikes It}5d iI 1';( Mum!.! .llld Vil,I .urlields, Kolombanpara. th Rekat.t Bay area and K.lhili Harbor •. tll of .. hich v UH:Y strulk ,lg.till am] J,liJin. V'r-! I pilOt's
carried OU( hnz.i rdous mrssions. MlJ.t(' A . .M:.itscher •• It lh.lt tune omAirSols. in ~'onlrm:'uJln,l; A If ,rout' I I ;ll t!u,:

ln

well
rna

)1'

'I;:V{'ll ~lrikes 011 rhc I tit .U1d I rth >ctober, VI-I! hit three .lirfidd~ .t~

t'>

Tukuo

~hjpl,jug .11111 IIHt'I.U.u Hurbor. Formosa. These

II)11S

rI1

strikes

rkcd

lh

ft'l'

ilnl'otldnl
tout

Ii r$1s" III ~h,-'
nrst dl('11Ullll'f

~(Jl4IJI"()n'~ <;O:;~Qnd

with enemy amT..lft fir~t ,bm~gt by An 111'1 ;U1d litt water L(ulJirtg ill omb,tt 0pcrat iUlb. J.tl',lIltSC Nirh ls
,l!tack .l i me hh on [,ll,wn and Nif'l oll~Je:t11 d.mmttt to planes and hangars.

OJ] the t Hth .md 1\)th 0 I' Od obe L four ~~rikes .,lg;llnsL I he th ree Illrgt'~t

01' IJn~icur was ,l night mille-byill}: mrsion In wJlIch 11 rar:s of vr-u patti· ripated, c operating with I~ IlTF'S ol Il.trcs for Twenty rDF'S (,[fried one rmne each \ hilc the other planes were: loaded. with bombs. Tht' tdr~t'! wa~ Kahilj H1ltbor ftom Buin to TIlI\I~i 11 }jolLgJioviJle. ~ll area wlllch WOL~ softened L1p by fUll! 1J·.ds lht: nrght of 23 M;I)' ;ll 14()O. Ju~t three hour~ ;,thcaJ of rhe main tll1d highl>' '\l('~·l·ssfLlI ,mack.
11;1\ j~J.tiolCl.

'completely piasttr"d" One of the b ri ll. ian I

,It

LOI11l1J i'lb n l~Jll~

"'ir,11H4.1. ] ,j S·li's aucl it New 1'1:10. the latter plane CilH}'rIlg

Zealand

end of tIll tour wrnh-. No unu hu excelled you III exa lillg .•. the l'n;txi ilium toll (or }'OlJ[ honored de.rd ." On II) JuJy. the squadron flew 10 Espi r ilu San to. an d ex.ldl}, on L month later urri ..-ed at NN ALA~WIll\ ~plembcr _ <0, 19·1) rn.lrkf.!d Ihe rcJanning oj rbt, squadron under the rornmand or Lt. Cdr. H;.!lk 1iff" Deniston Jr .. USN • .IS I,\C'-IJ J, Ihe vpl-llln_,g 01 .J. yellf of tr;ul1ing-~ix months ut

C1.uk. ht";\\"y
II lilt'

It

r.t.

on Nichols, anti-at rcra l h rc M:OI \,<'iHi;Htl H. \Xfintter, 1,I.lll( down,

W.l~

the hrst vr-n crew It,ht
on thei r second

III

'JIlll1)'

operations

~OL[(

Alameda and

1-i<tWlLii. trdininp.

~L"mcntl»
III
~Jj

ill grtlur

al Hila. In .dtJ(k~. Ihi.'

***
K~~I

TillS is 11.( .I~ j'flPlt/i 'cl!j'~ uf :..;rW~'('rljllj,:l!
11!l.I!t¥l ill! r.·~tfl"',fIII

,,.

i-u.rl./"

,,,,II Iii _;1f,,'~11 nr,",'()

a; i-l, ... , .... r4 " H!",H"d U ur JL Jt. lUI-II ~jl;t/j ',d.tlr"M

,..'I,n'

pml 01 Ihe r.mdiJlgs there, tilt, fJ Mild ht',l(kd for port. hut 1)11 IhC! 2 HI1. It W.LS 11lJereJ to iJllt'ru:pl lho.: J~lprule:;t' !'It'd hl::,1dtd t'l!..\i t ~\J-/d lhe • an Jkrn,uumo ~tril,il~. At I () 10 tbe 2'ilh a strike. was l:llll1lheJ .11 .1 ,Ii. lAJl~L oj . If I milc~ from lh.,· tent'my force \li,hith \'ll~ Jl

A r IT R anorl rer srn k4:..!u ctohc r On fl. the bt:;Kh at Dulag, Lt'}'tc. [11 ~Ilp'

I II.,.

tarkln~ CVE'.:; ot1 lc:ytc:. VT-Il plll1e. carrieu

(ollr

<'oo"'b.

26

bombs e.u.h. Allboup:h rh<.:)' rurried no v. !Il,ll 1,l1lb, Ihcymad!:: .l GOD-milt: round I rl r wmhni tI ight wit hout the j,{)SS of J n(,ghl. ror v 1'·11 m~d<..· fit!: ilit~ on ,\ h;(ttltJsllIl' .1l1J 1''11'0 hits on ,:L "':HI j,N·I.IS, r.ru iser, A ~cc(]ml str ike spelled d.l rn.l,s'_. I o tW~1 other ~ I'll iSt::r~. 0111 he [ollow Jn~ Jay tli WI: ~lrlk,,~ were IIIulldwJ .t~.ti 11,1 th ... .:;c~ttl::rI:J LH~i ts of tl1I: J 11l''" nese Fk'r.'l, rt:~ul!1l1~ ill ,Llllh1W~ 10. J lig"hl Ulmer 0.11 Mindoro and ,( J""'TH1Yer WL'_~1 fIr Panav On 'i ,Uli! (, N,)v~mJlIi.'t. tll~ ~<"Ju'l~II'OI1, ,H!.un hu C1Hk. field 111 f;,·{ strikc«. A r~\1 d,l) ~ later OLl tht I urh •• 1 '\1Il U\, W;l~
h(·.!Jmg (I1r Orn~o{ Bll}' .IUJ [11 inJ! 01 tilt ,I I t h _ it st rike \\,[, IJIlIl! be.! B\ 111~ lin)( \'1·11 1'1.1111:' arrived, th~n: n:mulIl~dul1!y rq'orIJ:d
I he 5!nj:!:Le

p1nne.

Success

crowned

the'

,lid. On thl.- second str ike, Lt. \)8' ) Gorden Bdl ,LIld his crew were knocked down hy AA fire. They were seen U1 a rubber boat about :I. mile off shone but were lIe\ er seen i.lflcrw,u<1.

OQui on made and
N

11 ] JjlllJ.ry,

Nholl, Indo-China. ~t!rike,cored two torpedo

lin

mo

tlli<.:t,; ,lo:~t'foYL'r:-. .Hid Dill: DE 1,)[ thl:! oLhLr ,lir~I'OIJP5 havin,g accompl r:.hed the Jt51nJt tion 0 r the . olilt"t \ t'~seh. Air Group 1 1 ~wM JIl t o .!liJOIl_, srnk IJIlI; d.:-~trllycr. k·(1 one dead III tlu, water, ~lightJy dJIll<l,!!l!J th, third, lmd lell till' DF bllrninx lieavily. OIl llu- 1 '111l ,IIlJ l-rlh (If November, lhe ~llll'ld ron p.lrlill pared 111 vix .!ifr i kl:'~ ,J,Q!lin~t shirrjl~":' in 101l1i1.\ B,tJ. Antirlrigin,11 (unvor, ;lirn.iI't tirl' wn~ 1n,1l"11SI:. III thh ,jdlon. the s<J1111<.1 ron commander, 1.1. Cd •. DenISIOII, Ens,ip;n Burton T. f>hl:rg JJ1<! therr C:N:WS \\'I"fl: lost. RetrlbutiQll W,lS

ski I'P'"r. FiH' ~ortit;d on \I.'bai was to prove Ihe mosl rlgO.rQIlS, most prohrublc and most ,I isast rous period or OpCr:lt ions in the hJ~tory of vr-r i. Tlu, mLs~lon of '1 ,15k Group )8.2 was Lh.. ~uprort of ,the

cxurted

to

,I

small extent

ill

th.lt the

~tIU!lJ ron sunk nr hdl'l·d ~() "in~1 R.OO() tons of shlpring and damaged .in atl'!lhon,11 22.){)n tons durin}! lhe~c ~trikr,,~. Tbc 1tJlhidron mad!.' its t:i);lhltl strike on Clark Field the J yth of November, Tbe l1'il';l1l returned IQ purl 23 Novcmber, ,J.nd there W{' re no SY_U.1J.rOJl Opc[I<!lOn~ until to December, Uy that lime it wa... dear thiH from 11'0\\ On it was largely a lighter war. On the Hth. 15th and 16th ot December, there Wert'

l8 d.lyli,t:hl
.tl!,(iIISI

fighter
>In,]

~Wel;'p5

and

airfields

1lD.J [bif'pillA

strike'S in the

lht,l<tn area Even those
l.tfJ.ld~_

only

I'our

strikes

VT ~lrll,:t'~. 1)I(:keJ su iluble

Kong spreatl destrurticn over a dockyard. On tht: third strike, ..he hlrgel ships Were" surrmrnded by DD'~ and DE's whioh rut up mtense AA fiR lind downed Lt. (j,g) Edwln McGowan and lus crew. Another plane was hit. but thcrt~ was no iOJury to personnel. Luzon lands. On the fourtk sf rike, ""1· It tl"lma,l::cd 'i Stdl{l'.~ Oil i rd ,Inti 1111 ul JttlJu.lry en em y t:.tllk:e.rs. Strikes on F ormesa on the 2 L st .1f!iliL''''' SlliPI,ill,!! and <\irfidds iii southern l'ormosa were hampered hy [OLd which netted 21,000 tons of shippin,g damaged or sunk concluded the tour. weather. \'¥hile planes were forced 1-l1e Hemad headed for port. back on one strike, .\ Iew strikes were ;)(comriiSheq (JJl instrurncrres. Ccntinfl1 support of the Leyte, Mindoro and ued bud weather blo(ktu .strikr;s 011 the luzon invasions, vr-n had sunk- )"1 ;iun ljth ,l11J 71h of JUlU.Jry wllcl' only one Ions. ~nd ~hlmtLged man: than 10(},000 of .n H~ st£ike~ gOI thro u,gII to I hv tilt gel'. tons of :shirring, flown 6R strikes and Malabar airfield Of] Luzon. made R ronnidllblc record of destruction OJ1 the 9th, tv.'o ~!rike5 ,Ig:l.inst TakJo ill ground in~t-;dIJtions. In addition to Harbor netted unL medium Glrgo vessel sinki ng a I igllt cruiser and a. destroyer, and three lUJU!;crs sunk ,md dama~e ttl \I'l-IJ could list lIS "probably sunk" or 3 J • 'ion Ions 0 r sh irping. But lilt' I'(),~r damli.!:ed 13 J,rpIlDl'Se war: Vessels. to the squadrcn was high. On the first On 1 February 1945, vr-u left the :'lldke, .t sma 11 en Iiher bulle] penetrated Hornet, Battle·proved. warriors of. the. the fuselage of David Mlln~lJm's rl-ane, Philipptll(:s and 01!na: Sea, tbcy tu.d wounding Roy BB.ICQl1tlbcwho died played their part valorously In (be Pa-l'I'ithilf 1 'i min UtC5 (!e.~rite rl1Stanl ~rsl cific And now due:: east~and home!

;\ . Fiddn110ded

On

2~

Det:i!mhrrl

I)-I I, 1.1. Cd r. Jolin .1hoard .IS the nL"i\' dap Llttr tilt: Hr,I"IIt!

n!r~o vessel, ,til I)r which san)", 1 DE's were cirrm.';.,:ed by strafing, one 01 which eJ4rlotled. TIll! second ~tTiL.e WJ.~ unahlc 1.lJ< rea; II i I:> iJ rgel heG1use u f J !JI\ ceiling. Dutlllg the third srrike J, !Llltl";" 1,1% cruiser W~~ ~unk by two [01'· pedo hits. D ul'lng the tina.1 ~t rikc ,l destroyer escert was darnazed with U(lL bomb hit, bllt misforuzne tlgllin JoggeJ VT-Il in Lilt' loss of Lt. (jg) William, Maier and hi, crew. On lhe I oth. ~Irikes :1,gain.st HOIl!!

_ The: ftr:;! hrrs on ,I J'iOO·WIl ~Jnk"tT, one torpedo hit OIl .l brxe tlmk..r <lI\W fom hits on .t medium

shipping off Phan Ran,!.!

rour

strikes

wen,

W!:

'WHEN

tHIS PICHIRE

WAS

JAKiN

FOR

THfRECORO.

8 OECEMB~R

1944,

8ATTLF-PItOVEO·

VT.l1

WAS

'REAO-Y fOR

FINA'l

ROUN'I)Of

tHEIR

SECONO

tOUR

27

s
T
sult
HE
In ,\

B - JRB Takeoff
The plane
onre.

Acc·de

ts

plane to By. but It ran bL eusily overlcaded, and Iailure to set the elevator tab for lake-off ran redan,llerous situation as
air-

SKB/JRfI type is.L safe airpliIMe and a veI)' CiL~' air-

borne. In the crashes pictured here . even IWf$on:; \ ere killed. three Were senou'ily uijured .ind several others suffered rmnor ttl-

soon as the plane becomes

det!rc~es at approximate! I UO mph due to excessive back pressure produced by the tab effect, The tests f urther reo vcaled that with the apph anon of full forward yoke, the rl.II1C continued to climb rariJly I)) :I dangerously nose high
alutuJe. Once .in this Ilttltud • the arrspeed fell off so rapidJy that 111(' r !ling of full forward rnb had no dfl'd on the rte~sur(:

o

slid I 50 it:el 10 :! .'itop anJ began to burn at The board of invcsugnlron (oll.Juded tests in a sirruI.lrfy loaded pltlfle lind determined that it (mud not be held If_1 a norma! take-off attitude with lin elevator tab setting of

juries, In .Ill CJ.SC5 the ~'lll,nes were de troyed or were Jamaged beyond economical
CIJU:,

repair,

J

It appeared to level 0111 morncnlarilj' about J {J() feet. TIlt'1] one III " dropped

nl an SNIH hled J VFR clearance from the tauoa Olathe to Cclumbia, Mis50uri, llstio~ hirnsel f, brs copilot, ,1Ild three passcn}ler.. After .1 t.dce-off run of about J 220 Iect the S 'B became llj rborne ra \\ b~t \\',1:> described it:. "an alurosl vertical climb."
ill

J·he pilot Naval Air

on the yoke unlit niter tilL' plane had stalled and regained fI} in,!! 'llt:eJ. In the ubcve case the plane Wl!..S loaded within ;tllowllble Iirnits, hut the ;I(l ident board was of the epioron that the pilot neglected 10 set thl,. elevator tab for take-ofi.

an .dwudL of rapIdly und tlu, plane 1'0IIed to an rnverted posuion. 111~· nose d ropped sharply ,nt,l lhL r1tllle hit the runwa)' in i.I vertical Jin:. Despite hero.c acnon on the part ot the first persons to reach We fhunln,e wreckage, only one p.1Ss.cnger surl ivcd, TIle pilor aml copilot were wedged til the Jemolished (orw;lrd Willpariment and could not be rcrnov ed until the Ii re was ex

tingulsh,·J. II was W5CQvNeJ a(Wl the crash that there were SIX persons ;J1(1Jr l in te:1d of rhe five Iisted OJ the deM.111 e. Extra bilgpage had been stowed in the 'Iftct rompartrnent. A computntion of the '\\'f'lgh( nod balance of this mrcralt hawed lh,ll the center of W. "il)' was 11ft tht rear allow-

able limit Ior J. sar' ake-cff, A check 01 the pilot's 10k! hook bowed that he had only 10.1 hours of multi-engine lime :lMd thttl h Iud not flown a JHll {or more than 10 months, TbL directive requuing thai' member of die V01uoteo::r Reserve have [(JO hours of multi-engine time ill order to quul] fy in the SN\,/ JIll> II'~S vielared, ~s was the requirement rhat J "heck-out he given jf more !-h.LM two months hi1d claps d without flYln~, CrJ,(1! 2

or

C,.lJC' 3 In an ,lllt'll1rt 1.0 recover from 1'1, sturt oj a ground-locp, the pilot of a J1l.Il-3 applied full power on both engH1es. Thephil e left the runway at an ;Ingle of about 60 degrees t the landmg l'lLh In II steep dilTlbing turn 10 lilt: left. After u:llnplding about I '0 dewees of the tum thl )KI:I rolled to ill1illvcrl.ed pOSition and era hed. The pi lor and copilor wen- killed and one passenger was ~(;"riou~ry injured, The plane was not o\'trloaded and the elevntor lab was found in .. slightly nose down posrtiun. 1 The board was of the opinton that the pilot pulled to the Icrt when 11(;" ~i!lhteJ bl.li1dil1).l$ ,Ihc:ad in his voluntary waveoff, anJ romrnued the sbarr lei I Iurn lI.nLiI the :lir.:'fa(t 1c:.u.J1CU u dsngercus ,1ttl tude and stalled Out. It .,IIQuld be rioted tlM( the hili \' ((~ probably :tdiu~t- .1 for landlllf[ and th;lt the pilot may have heel too bus)' trying to recover from the wound-Io0l' to make the ncces5i1ry tab correctl.on III the early part of the lIke-ofT Attempt. II. ppc:.us

ward position

Ilkt:ly

that the elevator

tab was nor

rolled

Lo the Ior-

until the plant' arrroached

a stalled condition.

NB-Z
about

t ok 70 mph.

0« in a normal mann r, he Qn1mg Jlrbornc: ,It
Wheel!> were retrarted and power was re-

duced to 30" and _000 rpm. AJ speed bu.ilt up, tendy back pres. ure on the yoke forced the pl311C' mro .in extremely 00 e hi,gli condition, The 'Nt> conlinued to climb in this attitude until the stall oCCUNed, .it WW(11 tim!,' it f 1"11off to the left, rotuted 1 LO degrees. and bit on the left winS In a hl"r!)' horizontal posit ion.

28

***
Volunteer Air Reservists

In

***
P denre
Hil MJ1LPHIA,

CAPT,S,TEVENS.

CDII.

EwtoN,

REAR

ADM,

KAUFFMAN

AND LI'IlIS(;~

CAPT.

KORNS

CtlECKVAU

~QCA'TlON5.

HuH and rhe Liberty Bell, IS the foc.rl point for rhe ffi.Jny varied Volunteer Naval Air Reserve ..dlvili~ in the Founl, Naval Districr. Into the office ur tilt: Assistnnr Dircrtor er NIl~,II Re· serve (A If J. J. l>tcuuy streurn o i Ien ers

home

of Jndcpen-

from the rhousands of
iM:; in the district

V0lulJteer

Reserv-

~11!lethers

pqurs each .'111)'. I\lan) Rcscrvrsts request two weeks tI.lInin~ lluty. Others inquire nbout [eininj; Volunteer Aviancn Units, wlult,
"''xpt('s~ Ihctr COllll1luing

Under Hie direcuoo oj Rear Adrnirnl L Kautfrnau. COIl1I1Wllb.nt 01 the Fourth NIlVdl District. the: Volunteer Nuva] An Reserve pro/!flull .col 011 to :1 tlyin,g start in April 1';).17- With the coopl:r:ninn oC the Ii ireetor of Nitl'.ll Rv serve, apram V, E Korns, JU.:1 the di rector of {-r'L1ning, Clpt;1l-n II. R. StCV... :.. IL1 rhL &~lrid H OUld of aptain C. B. Jones. CO Of NAS Wn.I.Ow

J.

up by

that

under a special '1"UOt:l system ser aptain Oscar Pederson, CO of un ii, which provided for 20 Vol-

GRO,1F, J.wa)'

arrangements

were

~~JuJ.red

in

terest in the Reserve proW,lll1 a.ml their " i lhngness [0 ~l"rvc in .lfl)' \\.,j)' !ht y may bl,' needed, in the scope of Its (11nt~d~. thi:,. Volunteer Air Reserve l'fogr.IJYI IS rug busrness, but from the point of experidiIII

un kl.' t'; to Br I July,

l'or Lon5id(;'t~bk numbers vet hilt.! (;nJ i"0.: S .ll t h it L sr J lion.
no
[)2
[1,'S!i

or

O!1itCf$ and

than j31 Volunteer enJistL.:J men h.LJ (om-

verv smal [ bus: ness. i n... !t:I,;!.1 j or mo~t of Ili~ training ltmle~t(lken by re,
It l'i 1I1.t'SC

[OJ)

Rr,;scrVISl5 basls:

IS

on a voluurnrv. norr•
D".oIlTINHY ij"llllim

pkl~'Jtheir Iwe-week tol.l rs, III 19-18 thl. 1,.lll.:m r or lIll~ Voluntecr tr.tiil.lil£! c.x!",.lllli<!cl. Willow Gem'l! streamlined its I'fOWa.1l1 to ,[<Ike in il.!> many I'll' ihcse Reserv ists !IS possible, Other V ul LI n t~{'r r IIots were ordered to N ARTU NOJ1.FOI.K for tlu"j [ tra.ioing

per rnon Ih.. [01 VR pilots and nil,;!l .~I iRtian observcrs ( navigation) wa~ conren I r,lkd III P..tuxenr R iver. N A R. TU LAK Ell UUST proviueJ training lo[ Volunteer LTA riiots, more than SOt o whom luuk crui,>t;~ la_st }'car. Ground officers re~t'l \ ed the latest word on their specia.! ties ar various stlltion s and cornmunds. such as the Naval Air Development Station, Johll'!viJIe. Pa., .... "host r.L\illlif;'s were- maul! .I<>:rLlhl.ble for t hi, tra.il1in~t!H('JL18b. the rcoperati Dr! IIi C1Naill E, \"W. Ruull.k unteers
TUIII;ng

ur

was ~1l:50 provided f.or large ~)f enlisted men In class V-II, I lerc, frmsiJ~L\ble emphasis W:J.~ r1au:d on training for ad vanccmen: in rate. Through the dislllr;t volunteer trainjll,l! oHi_cers ,lOti the Naval ReSI:IH.: lr,l'nin~ reuters, Imiuing courses wt'n' m:ldc: ~\',lilub!r: COl study. Wrth 1h(· excellent technical tr-<linin!,: (!JUf><:S given at NilS \VlLlOW GROV.!!, m!l.n}' v-oer s were able to q\l~Jity for advancerncnt durinB thei r (i1J i'1C:~ J nd were g)\eJl tlH~it ttst~ lIt tha; tune TI L~ fad that IS!:! V·G personnel took tr.uning dUlY ,jl Wi.llow Grove lAst July indirutes the ,11l10U.nt oj interest shown hy
RA1NINtl

T numbers

J. t. lOVITI,

C.

e.

.....
EBur. D. M.CiMU.LllN
~OOI{ O"VfR PHIl,Q,.OHPHIA TliANSPORTATION ROUTES

ill tln:progrMll. 011 7 December 1'11-.. ;L 1ar~e purty was gPieD With the objert of st imula ti ng iruerest in Volunteer .u, tiviues, MOre than aoo former W A\T officers find \I-lL) personnel attended tIm n.tlair On tlLJ.l occasion some -111 WA\~" ,igneJ up with the squadrons

thls proup ill Reserve artivities, \XI AVI'S were not nverlaoked

29

N:l.vuJ
Traillrng

.Ind

Maxille

Corps

RtSCrI,t

Center at Harrtsbu rg. The coal re~ioll has ,mothtr pn)Sres· si\'1: un II in v,., U ,1-2 al Wilke;o.s- Sa rre, the second unit to be acuvated in the district, Lea ler of this group i-'i Lt. mcnt broker.

CJr. james D. Mu(.WHliaHl, an uivest who was operations QHi("d at N AS WIUi\Voon and then ussisrunr
H!gl!t ofhccr +-I, wh

J ohnsrown
It h

uf

VA'II j" headquarters

is now

II(HOld P. Mishkr.

headed by With vn
~I,

lor
[.1,
_!l,

VA!'

(1)0\

I

the C.dNlf. Mi~hll'r
j I 011 J

T
(APr.
il!l(;HA.RD

Luzon to Okina \

,tboard ~a\l' eorrrbat dllll'

uuouuir the nnnunvc ,md enthuse'.I~m of C..tpt_ R. S, i\I ihte .. ~ Volunrecr Avi..tti()n lin II (PiJotlt~~ /\ irl raft

S. MI~'NE

AND

CDR W1L~'AM H. GINNDISC'U5S

and G 111dcd M is~iles l was sch cd uled for ~d i\,.11 ion :-tl J011IHVdl~· du ring Seprvrn(HAIIACHRISTIC$ OF PANtHER

in I ND wax .lllh .Illeu .it PhibJdrlliJ. nn ~" lunt.· l\J·P TUJ.IY seven VAU ~
.irc ~o;n~
11\l1
(OIILt'nl' I!l

T to be set
H"

FIRST

Volunteer Avuuon Ulil up under the cernrnandant
tl u, Jist riel and

.1iT1!ir!', tbey (InJ time to head lip [oml recruiting drives, Nit",'), League do 1I1.f_: , MId NJI}' Dtl} ITrow,lIm. In the rtorrhcast corner or PIOI!Il~l.[van ia, an il1l<,;r~'~tcJgrOIJ,P of Volulltl'erh

more [orm\:d

are

rs,«

111 HIt prtK<'!>~ UJ1lh

of hcin,!.;
fl.:,!;utar

huh]
(usually

has SI:! which

J11l'l'lln!!S

each

month

in the

m~-eh ill BmJrorJ, l:iulTingfOll, formed)' wilh

ur Volumcer

Avi~tion

Up,ltl-I)

Lt. W,
VI'fH~.

J,
;l

".\ I:ldn_c ) • .111.J rnernhcr-, 111\1 ude Marint· Corps ,unJ NIlI.\ V Dilil \ Ill. r j\ II R c't"['\rj~t.~.

l-ft',luins lip \ -\1 - i~ l.t. (.lr. John I\. I!. C.l1m;r,Jn ,!ttonh.."}\ who served .JuriJI!: the W.Lf 011 Ilk InIH!'IJ Due 1'0

I~

i Ii d.
II I

hi

I

I

t>llu'ltJroll "try bus) in lh~ ~Ol(lmOI1S, i~ (U f) i' this un It. H I~ ~Xt'"( IS Lt. JlN'rh F. wI. AmbJI::}'. rorm.;T ",leo,.lronks Olnl(;r with Combat Unit t) U) tJk Ph.il ipl'lill's. A nearby org,lrliz,llion rs Vii!! .; I,ll.' Alroeu.i, whi,h i~ lt2d h), I.e Rnbtrl Shaffer and L~. (11:1) Sa 1111) el R_ Brooks,

hornllil1~

assistMt director of In" w':.rol1au.ti, ul eLi,.] dt'dri~:ll l.J.bor.ttory .t! the N.II',11 A!r Development Station. A pioneer ;[1 the fidJ of llj\ al ,)I'i:lHoll eleuronics, Llpt, Nmn~' has rul'>Jishcd more lh,w :rl () tcchn icalu rtitll.'~ (ind h.,1.!; d one murh (P further the dt:.vdol'm!::nt 01 til is phase 0 f electron irs. HI: W.JS ,In aviator ,,-turmg World War L Muny Reservists are well-known in Imsilll'.'li', lod lIstlial and rrofO-5.~i,onll.l fidds. Cdr. Bradley C. Al~l:o Jr., for ex (ll11r)c, who 1us been in t he Reserve
since 1 Y.16, ,~ an dt:ttrofl!r:\.~nglncer at Un~ Naval Air Development Station.

her,

Capl.

N1ilHl',

nuw

.1 civilian,

IS

<

•·

j

• I
j

J r.

1

j

.~

II ,
I

I

j I

!

Sh.d]' er, wh\1 ree en 1 t!.'lrllpkLc!.l ,I J;r,t_dulI!.1: t'llllr~t .It ,(lrutH Uruversity, 1 <; j n ler~'~tl'd ill ai-r j,d. pholo!,_mrhy, .md. Brooks is a fortm'r L'I'A 1,i.[01.

[r

Alollg

Ihe

Su~guehJ." n,l

Me

two other

.

·,

,j

.

units, VAll -1---1 .u Williamsport and VII!] ,j·5 .tt Harrisburg, '1'11(' lorrner I, ht!:;IJl,d by Lt, Cdr WihOi1 Y, Philli'ps ~l\d Lt. Wi1liam B. I>f"iltr. who wus Ilw~rJt'.[ Illn.:~· ltir InClI.lh III tll~ haW.c lhc Philippine. SI.'.I. LL Cdr. Hugh Robert:;. Jr., fonnecl), lQlllkCh,·d with the Pt'UI1~yh~.1I1i;! $l.lLe $dlOOI Acron,w.t!D, !~ 01 VIH H. '1'lli" unit meets ill tho.

CJr. Algeo has mule many fJ(perim~l1b 111 making the airplane a better wea.pon by rneuns of rad~tr and radio gaJgds. Cdr . .E. M. Hartley of Philadelphia, who urganized the radio and electncul St'{ tion of [he mamteaance clivislon in J.:hl A "It is a radio ecginecr, \ ho .•lSl> !
doubles

Developing jet en_gines for .rircraf't

as u sales manager.

b

or

co

or

clone research

the partlculaJ' Job of Cdr. 'Walter E. L ZCf'pki::, an enj.\ineer associated with Pratt n.n:J Whitney. Cdr. Zeppke bas
ill

COR. EWING

15 l'ROM.fNE'NT M~M8n:

O:f LAW FIRM

kehlliml missions and i.:. well known in EngJanJ .IS Prntl"-Whitn.cy liaison wilh Rolls Royce, Ltd.
Similarly Cdr. Mario A, Guerrieri

Europe with naval

l1i~ 'niliativC" and hMJ work, [hi, unit h.I" rna inrn ined tln.{· of lhe [lll est atIl'li J"nut rero rr b ill I he d l~lrirl. L! CII bllgt"lll' C rJH:~I()n . .lho .W atror Ill}' und a form"'r AC L ofhcer, !~ exe ..

o( Wilmington,
develop
C'JI

~p.in!jer in the research a.nd devel

who bas done much to rotary aircraft, is an aeronauti

opment deparlment of tht; Kl'UlU Au craft 0 rporari on. A Reserv ist si ru.c

nf lhe ~rollr.

It .1dditiOI~.-IJ An 111-

{oml,lllol1 is ever needed, (L[(-~IOn ,:111 ,ut.lJnly supply it he ,t'J\I~d on lilt F "i<'''f!rir(, !.o\'IIII!"''', 1""J'Pt',,) II, .Hld
/lI/IIIoH' I. I

N,H

Volunteer

!he Ph iladt"l 1:'h1.1 ,Ubi.

al.'ti~lti.:~ Jl'I.. nul

A II tj\(~r t he

(Qfllint'd

'!I~lml l.caJmg onzens, ~Ilbou,l!h bUhf \liliJ coramomrv lill.." surnehow liml lill1(' 10 devore 10 i{!O;t:("I:t· .\dj\jUc~. De"ritttbe pressUH' 01 th{ir ~"'I;'rrda}'

EA~NSHAWGETSM~DAlFROM

ADHI. 'KAUFfMAN

and was with Fleet 3Y al M>ljul'O. 'rile engineer who executes projects III connection with Na..vy contracts at the Chance V()ll~hl Altcr;lft Division of Unil:tld Airl[J{t Corpuration i.~ Reservrst Thomas L. Blakemore. DlHlIlg the War Cdr. Blakemore wasengince» iog supezinrenderuat NAS L\Ki!HIJ1(ST Another ;u::r'on;tlltical e[lgioeer who h"h
W·jl1~ Squadron

at Guudalcaual

I '.'16, he W,t~ attnche<i to the CINlItTl1[!,"

30

COlt. ALGEO EXPLAINS

~QIJIPMtiNT

ro

ED flSTZ

n. tIn,

BRYAN IN HIS

STUDIO

1T. CDR.

CARTER

AT WORK

IN

HIS

LAW

OffICE

returned to his ci\ ilian Oll'UpllLionb Cdr. Nicholas C. TIi hW'.1 who W;&~ BAR in I.'hargo:: of all pm'act' com rarts [or tht Navy in the: Pha~{,.Jc:Jrlli;, ,\nO" durin/-: ~hl: '" ur. A ...ren..tlis't 1!1 ae ro uau r I nil ~lj u 11)1110.:11I . I!'. Cdr. John W. J'lI.k::;on. f()(nt~r!)' (0 01 Sheltor. Air tJ!iou near St~.!llit. who nfter die war wenl to North Afril,l. Tunis .ind Algiers to I>d up .lirlil1l N(ltiol1'> for 1'\'(/ A lor c.AA 'IrT'w\',~1

(w-

known ru bank/If,!! circles J.fC CJr. .I ames lYl. La r~c. TI't'srdt'11( of the

£1...

L\~I('N~.

1~l"St"i\I'I~

\\'hu

art,

'1'1:11

Trade .smen-, Nation., B.mkdmJ 1 rust c...,ml'dUr 1lI PhdaJelrhi:1. .lilJ Cdr. Willinm H. Ginn. Ml inH'sttntnl banker
111

_g~.ll'hj. Atlhou,!::h he is k~'pt hu.>), souncl I1ffi(tf at Mustin Field, whn ;lutot.:r~rhm.lt copies of tl1J~ bt'!>t-I;cllcr. operalt·~ ilis own automobile agcnl'}' III r.1. CJr. .Bi)'IUl r rt'tlllcnlJy finds: trrne Philudclphi«, Cdr. J.uncs A. Draper. to come out Itt) '.; 1110\\' .rove lind hL:lf1 f'orrnerlj <:1\t;l.lt NA- Dllu\NIJ, who i, ~(Ilradronswjtb therr publfcily r~obkl11s. with ,l \Xfilrnin,c.toll bro.ke.rage' hiiT'1: Cdr. ne of h,,~tb,d I',I; 1..tl1di.1,lltS I-or the L. L )wre},. a~SI-"tant operatinns man:1gt·r for the Standard all Camp,HI}, III 11,,11 of rJ.lTll' I, .1 RI::~CI'\ L~I who served rhil.ldd I'hb. who 'i,lW aruve Jut)' ill .r~ Sunll..:r), oliicer moun! Ihe )"0',10rhe southwest Pacific and l.u er W'I.~ ill III7/'II ,md the Pun, ~/NII_ lie', CJI'. clurgr I) r i.J\ -u- .:.1 Itt Wi I t1wood, (d r, GC:lJrge. Earnsh.rw, now drrcctor 01' fnrrn Lurue t. H;l}'le'i .• an msulation special -rY"lt:'tTI instruction wilh the Pltll,[,ldphia «r wirh the Armslron1! Cork (omp.lIlY N.llion.ll Le.~,t:'ll: B..seb ..ll cruh. t who h,ul .j \\ IIrt·imL tour of Jul)' .I~ Til I he business lie-lei RI.'~t:nn'L~ 111' (.'Xl.'tut"L olt~lcr JI1 the aibee of tIll: .Iudc: .Jr,,1. H_ ~wope. funn(::rl) I'tI'Naval Atlad1e for Air. london; LI. Cdr. f).l"J j'vh Mlillin, an execuuve
w uh

lh,

John

\X',lJI amaker

Ol11r:Ul)

.md (.Ir
.llt.
IlH I~

(IUnfil

City.

Cdr. GUlli, who corn

-ir Jmi.na the '1 ar.twa !lie~ his own 111.111'" Cdr. 1..Jr,ltt \".I~ .lil (Jrc:t.lllon~ omll~r 011 titt PI'/1IC~/(}11 (rom it~ shukerlowu until it WIIS slink ill 111· hatH!.' of Lej tc Gull.
(../I~lJ( I')

rnandcd mvasrun.

John H. IIl,JhlT, .111MJT graJlI whu dUI'lllg WMIJ \'{/ar 1 Ilcw
on lilt' Flurulers front 11 _l'f'(',J on

and r1uriul!

\'.(Iorj.l \\'.11'
ComAIIPa,

iltc

"t.ll

dl

Hl'

Jri\·.... III PhiIJ~"'·J!'hl,J. .md b pmrrunent In 1)1.111}, dJmmlUl il)' .~dIV·llti~·., R~·!1rI:'5I'nt.lti\'l R~t."l" 1St:; In the .ld\'crbslIl,l? field is "ri KJ.rl 1. L1n_gl' \ 'I c-l'rL~iJl'l\l 1,1 .1 ,I.;y .ldvcrtbin,!! l(JUll~.ul}·III LlkdHII' r, . J. apL Lmge who W,I In thi;' IIrst stuJ1:'11 i nffiu.:"r ( Ill:;:;; DICK
nUltlll~

h.H been

111 chur,!!c

or

llll'

,I v}' re.

or

.n

for pilot 1r,ljning :ll1ll will) j' n:co.r.:n.izcJ .I~ ~1Il authorjty on L 1·A. ~Cr\ ed a r.h .. ,I of ~blf to RC-,L( Admital ( E. RosenJ.th1 .i( Lakehurst. A N;tI'.11 Air Rl'sCI'\ i,t i!l pru,i"knl uf the- '\ ilmin~toll N,1\y lC1JWC .0UI1

lEW£llYN

AND VAU 4-l CO MACWllllAM

pwn aft Charles E. Ebert, l'n:.-ldent ol the PhiJ.LJeil,1 Ii.1 Trnnsportatioo Cow puo}' .• IUJ CJr. )iltnb L LO\7iH., j1l'r"on riel momll.!:!,·r for lhe '<JJ1ie~·omp'lUly. NIl'. bert .-~ .rn ulltstnn.f,ng Ilgun: III ·1 ND uaval ;lff.tlC' lind Ius done .j lint" jt1b III I onnection wirl: rnlui'il1.gJrivcs.ll1d
N,I\'}'

0

,111'11

l-ll"INI'S" lealil-r.-; w110 supported the Naval Reserve

It,I\i:

11m,

D,IY j'rCll!(din-i.
li1

lit: come,

int ... ·(e~t

n,1\ al avranun

nuturully

by

I It'

IS

,dr. Samuel

:. Homsey,

Jll

G~urg~ W·. Sloan of PhiLuJidl,IIIll, who
W;Ui

who d~HinK (11(; WM \\.ts ;1~' "SIWll dircrror thl' :pclI.tl Devices Div ISlon 01 die Ofnn: of Research and luvenlions. Also all ;u-chitc:(,i ls CJr
,lrdlitI:'Cl.

or

trice now

11I~ (omp,lllY l;:'~l,\bJI~llc:nl (he lir~l scngl·r .11dillt: ,en lee between ['I II I.t· ddph ia, \Xl ashinglol1 JIlJ Norfolk. Tlu A!)~hl.lnl Director of Naval l\l ~t'(\ I.' (Air) in the Fourth Nuvul DI'
j,

"w·
for

1115

Jr. William

\"(1,

Townslc;

Who rllnmr),' hdd the same hil let itl Ihc ~C\ curh 3",,1 DI trier. HI.> pft:'~ku~:,sor. Cdr Charles 1\1

bum. Okinawa, le.~siOn.ll fields mdude dr. John K. Ewhlg. an .iHornc)' If'I PhihH.ldphiJ, \>.110 ~<:r\·1'1.! ,l~ ,dde. and lbl:! sct.:r{'tllrr La C.omAlrL:mt, und Lt. Cdr. JOt 8ryHII, III. the a~lth,)r of A,1Il1ir.11 HlIl~\:) , bin
ther
wel l-kncwn RcM.1'\ rsts ill 1'1'0

cn

Ewau,

who Illd much to make the Re

of lhe n:lI';J1 .ur base at YOIU

serve lin mrcjrr al p'l.r! of the cornmunirj piduf!:. rectllti) took aver as exe.uri, l ()Inrc;r ,LI . A. MIA:.\H. 10 having rnareri.rl 1or l his .Irlicl t- ,1,',':!;!:mbleJ dr. Ew.~II. \\ 110 h.ld ~"rvcJ!ls a A, W1U.O~· ,Rnvt after tht' \ ar, rt!Lt:i\'c:J

o

r

A. M, KROBOTH

VISITS

SHRINE DURING

CRUISE

{he

expert ,~">!>i~Lm\1:' rroln cdr. [nhn Miller publil mflJrmad in officer rhere.

31

LETTERS
lkmg an Army mM' (!lOW Air FlORe) rel"no veiee :n run'oil affairs, bn( 'Since I wOrk direct wit-h vpp·! ,II Big Delta, Alnska., I wou Id like to volre all opinion, J read Ll1(: NAVi\~ AVJJ\T1o~ EWS cover to cover, III the July copy it states that it once required "11 dozen soldiers ID our ,ee\,$ more than three h'ours 11.1 elear the bison off the rurrwa}' 3.t 8'g Delta ' I v.bh t.) srste that this IS II gro~s eXllggerabOrl, Of course we understand tim! 1lI15 happened befnre the ~ll~Y landed here llJJY "rebab!}' w~~ n:];,ycd bv spoken word, winch gmws like an
h 1'5 I have
"illS

_IllS

The round-the-world Groue I. aboard the
Illeh:d in
II

cruise made b
dlle) EQr_,g!'

50 •.:1:1)' leave period for all hands, cl1e GrollI' W4S ~('organhfd 011 tbe three V F squadron basi s----and Vl'-l1J was rommissi. mecl on 15 July. Lt. (Jr. R, M. Vnris, IJSN. (armtr leader of the 13I\le: Ar!s",t~. is the squadron's executive officer. A wel] rounded nucleus of ~perie.nced pilots tr,l.li;5 erred irom vr-iu, and VI"·I12 is (ornpirleil ",·itha sharp [nnking .l'rOLlp of new pilnts from the WLlniog command to make up the ~qu.ldfl1n·~ pil •.( complernem. TIle crew wa gj"h~r~J lo~ethcr by robbln,l!: the other f"u,r squadrons in the grollp, and Ih~y arc
ruulin}t 10 in .1 manner whlch

an

was (em-

Air

Diego

an 11 JUI'lc. Following

CONTENTS
Accent on Alaska
GrampCiW Pettibone_ _ _ _

_
8

Sec. Brown in P-80

11

Planes Sink BS_ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ 11
NQvy Air onPar(Jde_ Plan
10

_ __ _ _ 12

Expand
Jet

JOlL __ _ _ _

13

\l0\\, 11,,: truth, I luve h&n here more rh.in a year iI1lJ have chased them several I iIlleS in one Tt<'P bv Il1vSl:"lf and ,un Ilill an nmateur ,,)mrllred t" the regular Follow Ie" jt'tl' Jrl,,~t '\"hi} 1t.. o,:ha;;"d them .1 dlm:n Lim(5 himself. '~y,. maybe Ib~1 ~ the ~IIJl, SOl11dltlJS SJ id Ill' d1ll..,&j Ihenlll duten umes and t hI! ILst~arr jl'llrrp«ltl"J tl tel be .I .!L,zcn men ,'lll!: tune 'j n err is human. TIl"nk lor ~ ~welJ rnaga2jtn .1Od we here at Big Defrs 5!1~II miss Our 1,lu"-unif<lrl11cd fric;l1d<.
EVGfNE

.1\,li:lllche

will

flltt vr-us

"war Ill' f mr " O~'r fjr~1 two weeks were hectic and filled wirh orgnni'l!uinn woes. All J1IlnrU huve turned 10 in II I!:-rnnd style. however. and the squadron ls nlrcody ot'l:roling ellicl{,f'lt!,· .1 If new l'i,n!s have mel the Fal" llnd 01(' hllillling up t1.l~ir lime ill race.es, navigarion, etc.
flrj~Jr Lil getJj~ ~urteJ ~Jnf:unn(ty.
(-)lll'fih

Beware

Suction_ _ _ __ _ _ 14

New Cors'oir F4U-S _ _ __ _ _ 18
M('Hine New

Reserve

FHers __ _ _ _ 20 22

\'i!, fvlI'IIP'''''

l\l/c;T,

in/: and f!)cket~. The engineers nre "'\)rkin~ I'lnr<! to ~iod out eood air rIlft ~"!ljfJbili~ TI,e material gaIlB L~ bU$;Y drawing -~urrl;c\ and spare parts, and the office fot{t i.~erin,' injl ou t reams and ren rns of pnrerwerk,
VF squadtons to "stnnd LI'." WI! give tlrem ~, rll n {nr tlwi r dUll,!!la! R. ~, Mp-FtltrrT PACIl'IC

Carrier

Plene ,

NaNews VI -11 Flight
4ND

Visit.s Denver_

_

23 26

Aut

f'llf(('~

Bu. 0('1 rJl. AI.~""'~

SUdl an nmhitinus .n,Jtlit (an' miss. , .. W1:Te -erving net ice ~'- n( O"W II tl,e "tIKJ
Me om 10

-x...
11\,,:
Havill"!;

Safety
Reserves

_ 28
. _ 29

ITlagaunr for the pim two YC'tlrs. T feel mntt' or less entitled ro send Ibis 'grir-e III to vou -not Ih~t 'We of HL·, Me 11drd tD g~1 JJ'lIlg with, but neverrheless n ripe whrch I ronsrdcr 10 be well.f.:1Unded" an I wluch would be: .in impro"cment " vcur JIICCUJI' flllI~ !e(nul. 1l0\V abuLlI runru"s an article (_'r t\tJ IJn :t tCW Qf the VP~Hl squadrnns 111111 he Nll''Y n IW has peraung on hoth musl., nl the . . and aQ'05~ the oceans,

been

un

."Jt'fli

,";Idel

of

"UUl

vr.i n.
SllUl ~ yf)ll~

IT. Cnn,

Issue cMrieJ 11 rhlltopr~ph (In page nne of twit PIIY'S .ll'lpa.rentlv flyitJg in the area near th .. national capltol. I am wtlnJ"rillg if ihls i,~a monlagll' pl1oil1gl'llph or if the planes actunl1 'i' were over this nn:o., whlch is reslrktecl tto llyi1l~,

August


pion."

THE COVER
cia,!' o. operolianol

AUhoughlhe1r

T8'M.'s ale bein9 nown in 1"/9" numbe,s by Re$eNe evlea!ors, i~ e <ltd II ~""9"fJ, who)" Elun· "en ,hoI dow", 98 J"p pi"",,. 10 combol
during 1he wat, ere b~h!9

Or" limited.

r:1'

eVA.

H

,YOII'lG

Ht:U', bdl.I, the 01,1 ~~'-_ wun I he 'I\.-lth I!~ murh t'Jn~er. ,ud~H1s rom the reports of success dtliting in fr"111 "ll U c "!\ , "JlJlm" "II tfits, :lnJ I think hJI it w0ultl be quite
~pp{llrl1are If sometlung real "ic~ 1\':1.>said "bout till: 'old gil 1.lts £elIl1y quit Ill) JlI,C;tn, dll' P,h,l!.n and r don'e think tll.,t on~' 5Ql1Jclwn (01,11.1

'l'bR phl,t!tp"" pli ".," tRh"ll f .....m ,J 1111(110 plane In ,.,11. L:lnHo.y u~11l" R l-~t~l'h~toh,..,., 'J'h.. two IIIA:<C" w re 'IlJj~tln1l'<:'I<fi't1 to lnhke u plcl.ut'e whkb showed ll1lYlI.~ " .. ildi'lTI with {I "',,,lI;l!'rr,lI1Io1 <)f r"-ll'i~llItlv" "u;l<ll""., tp flO with th~ ...tid" rm !1n".rre ..", h",';;J,·nl,n!ly. the epaee i~ re"C-\"i.,red to Ibi,,!:, .Pllnts should "",,;,1 h. jll'<t. ". th"y
t~lMl MI. III "V~r ..l.ln>rl& Ii1tl~r~ ('!"mmr"";.on 1~"t81Illti,,". 41 L(l~ i-\illlUO .N. M .. lInnfo"'l, ... Wn"h ... 'r nk Il;'l~. 'l'~nn, ill addition to the above tm.nn 1 ;rUrsruH-t I·CIol.,.,.Y.flt'f'ln., thplP. n-re fl11'tnl,_""1'nl1~ fJllX1l2;tn Qro(ill nkc r\tl/"""I1UPl Pion hu: r.j"f~~IH1II...:;. ~r'1 r'.~dll nit, w'hll'~! ~hmd~t h"lt, ""t1flitl\ill.

AD',
,,,yer

and
phola

AM',

WMre P/olnJ

w,,, '"k""
outIng

wi,h

lit.. A"",. oboQfd tile

.cplf.!t!!d by

eVE

flo",

IheWf.!"

RECOGNITION

QUIZ

~~k lor J tnuch saf"" pl~ne WIth ",bi,l! 10 0P' I Jle. I" the h.... "(~lU tlJ;l1 I 1m ~a: f'>~en
,Utllched to rbi~ li.:jLl"JroQ, Ihe nt'".llc~t (~~tlt thut wc'vt' had wa a blo\\,'(,UI orl 1ft '. Of inllyhe- rh ... r ,~, In Il'Ojl!1I1t' m rll'w .1nd !ll(n .~u how "'hll~( ,t. Me l!dll"(~ r.il"

{'''~ide I>o~k cou:rl T"p-H5·2, (Ud'B,Novy flyin!J boo' designed in 1917, Corri"d "OW or two ana mothin .. gun ond Iwo 180,lb. b"mb,~
Sollom-Mortin XB-41l'.

,.f

~c::d· I..n I fllghl tIp !o

(; ·.I)l/I'1J11)

P~:/llwl/l

aeJ.t

J'lln·_-._

where erelLl

, "\\'O IJW.tI-' "I ' ~ 1\'111& i~ duo; ·-fhllt1ch'. ILl tbt·

4AC:~24-. 1';\GJf'Ir;-~ il1CE' M rine GToul,~l Control IntefC'l'.pt ,QIHldJ'On even's la~t -rl'port, iL~lllcaUol) lllt.~ bet'" chll-I'l_g,d from nnth Field, hiping. ChiIUl to ASOUO'rE. • LlftIn,

THE STAFF

Lt.

Cdr. Arthur L. Schoenj
Eg;I1>'

Dorothy E. Ames
Aut. Edl'ar

.

,'lUll

Vl',Hl (,
.. I \'

J:r I ~I\u,,(.

AI ~

DEfJlCH,\H'-IT

A\'\' #;!I-i j,I(If).. ror HQ II ,'1 h'h: (.11,.. th1 1,,1 tt1!!.-tr1~d 11 S'·"t(, tlf"" J..1;j n J-{(~U~I lIjJ]t_t We hdlh: til htj~'t.: ~!}e
ot,u· lu au eR.1'!V ~1JI'.

VM.R·l ~:!. EL T()II1J-nn~ rlC:5crve pilot thl~ '!i'l.~,u'rQn W,lS gJuJ tIl hlllO !I,lLk nn nrti·\'c dul.· for 11collple ,,{ wt'ek~ w..u I.e Cr,l. F ~ I1gsl':tLlt An 3irlJlll' Ir(11lS1"'lft pilot With lS .•

Lt. Cdr. William H, Huff reolu'" Edlto, LI. Cdr. Rosalie U. Cdr. Andrew W. Mottin W. Bright
R ... Qrve Edito. Fllghl SolelY Ediror

UOf\ r\tlU[~, lie pll5sC'd fIll I'alunhll;; dore .111 oc,,-,.lrnt [>fll\o:nijnn, kt' J;r~Y~r'tian nod (jeirin,L'; ,it" $l]LlQdl"llll pilot mc['tll1~,

James

M. Sprfnger

Ad Dl,,,'<Io.

32

30 YEARS' PROGRESS

The two planes "hown here are 001. exactly sisters bur they had one thing in common, rJ,~y beth n~~. T'he one on top was a World Wllr 1 Ayinll bout, Below [s 6["t (i.jet bomber io l1y. Recognize rhcm? Answer» on opposite page,

KEEP UP WITH THE JET AGE IN NAVAL AVIATION NEWS

A VIA TION progress moves swiftly these days. its pl'ogram to build more planes opments
In

TIle Navy is expanding Keep abreast of develPetdbo_ne's Legion as

train more men. of Grampaw

the 'News'.

.Ir's for the 'Old Fliers' its squadrons

well as the Reserves, the USN's and trainees.. is doing, its new planes,

The latest word on what the Navy is told in newsy, readable form.

and carriers,

12 issues come to you for the lew price of $2 a year
Send in your $2 today.. Use the coupon Inserted in d,i~ issue to bring yuu tile 'News' for a wbole rear: at no increase in price, Sel).d a subscription 10 your old squadecn mate as a birthday Or Xmas pres. ,nnt. Whcre.ver naval aviators gather, the 'NewB' is the 'bible, I bdnging !hem up to 'date on fast·moving. progress, Write. the Superintendern of Documents, Governmenr Printi.ng OlEce" Wnsbingt\on, D.C,

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