NAVY FIGHTERS

'PROVIDE CLOSE AIM SUPPORT

TO M.A.RINES AT CAMID

III AMPHIBIOUS

'WAR'

NAVAL AVIATION NEWS JANUARY 1949 No. 289

WRIGHT

TURNS'

INTfl:

WIND

TO IPERMIT DAllAS

RESERVES

TO

MAKE

THEIR

FIRst

POSTWAR

TAKEOFFS

948 NAVAL AVIAT ON
N
aviation do es the books ou 1948, a year expansion and scientific progress to meet the [leeds of a nation rebuilding its deAVAL

of unparalleled

fenses from the depths of a p twar cut-back. Aided by .1 Congress determined to pu the United States in a position of respect in world politics, the
a y in J 948 brought out many new aircraft, expanded pilot training, planned new giant carriers and

Another 2,600 Reserve were lated to be called back. The Navy began direct procurement of pilots by offering commissions to 637 four-year college gra_duates. To provide facilities for fleet aviation activity expansion all training was closed down at NAS Jack-

seaville and moved to Pensacola und

oepus Christi.

de-mothballed oh.1 World Wa.r

n flattops.

Cabaniss satellite field near Corpus was put in operation again to provide 1ll000C room. Navy pilots no

Jet aircraft were iru eg r at ed into operating fleet units. New and faster jet fighters and propellered attack and p trol planes wert: tested and Hown. Better engine fuels were developed. Research in guided missiles was pushed. Reserve pilot: training was expanded

longer train in N2s} PBY or PV aircraft, but start out in SNj'S, then move to TRM PB4Y-2, JJ6.l1,F4u, PBM, $C
or p2v

types.

and many Reserves called back to fun-time active duty. aval aircraft construction boomed under a. pronew planes during the Total authorized strength by J..Jy 1 is 14,500 ph111eS indudlog 3,000 now in mothballs. Of the new authorized total, 543 are jet fighters) 407 attack, 87 patrol 8 transport, -35 helicopter, blimp, 120 F4u- 's, 16 two-seat jet trainers and utility. nder Congress' direction. the Navy expanded pilot tJ;aining to provide 2.,300 graduate midshipmen, aviation cadet and USN pilots from its training schools.
£01'

The $7:53.635,000 appropriated by Congress for new planes will be used by boy such jet lighters as the nu, F D, F9F, F4u-5 and the F21-J. the first two being revealed during 194s for the first tune. Other planes which made their bow to the public last year
were the A)-i, p5~, p2v-3, H)S·l, 'R60. PBM-SA, and the J\D-2. Production contracts were let for the f91: Grumman Panther and the j;2H McDonnell Banshee, Jets made their Iirst mass operations off ai rcraft carriers during 1948. In March two F)-l' from VF-51 landed and took off from the Boxer off San Diego. Three months later an entire squadron of H-l Pbantoms operated from [he niplPti 011 Quonset Point. demensrrating the ease with which ,quantities 0'£ jets could land on and take ff from a carrier's flight deck.

g.ram providing

1,223

1948-49 fiscal year,

Rellftricle(l

1

",It

-

41 VP>4P1V'S

50AROVE'R

MY. fA.IIlW'EAIHU:

ON A'lA 51i:A PHOTO

'SURVEY

MIDSHIPMAN

.Nllore

SUMMER CRUt'S"

IN P~INCEttlN

ON HAWAII

VISIT

~ htri!'e a.r.r:ty?f ~t'w ~rLr:J.f1, m an t 0 r them )ttt<i or eembination Jet itnd ({tciproclIUn,\; engine p'bn\:$, Here is a .short description of the new ones snneunred durinF\ the: ye:lr, H.E ~"V'l.
U1'trlg

TJ

took the wr,lps()1f

I ~J!.I8,

,Fll:"""'J\ f.[l.iU~'5. rwin-jet ~"n'i~r Iislll~r wiHL ~",~ptlrMk ~'Ing~ IllU[ IWIII rudders in tlLl'ir OJuU'Llnr<l ,!;ertl'!"~' The: two Wc>sriJlglwusl Ilh h:wt' ;lrl",rh~Hlt'r~ fllf i'n~l'c"scJ thrust, Thi» rtlllV 'h~ the Nftv~I's 1:Is1:est tighter plmUi und certainly is the rnosr di."il)mivl: I",)kil'lg,

10 JGlM', The eVE S,:r,lf.1' made u special lri r (rorn Canal Zone to Scctlaud to deiil'er .~ boatloild of 11'-8!! jet light-ocr., for the Air FOf,e. TI,e je ..p carrier Palau ferried ;\ load SNJ'S to Turkey, as did the Rendov« and Sibmu:y .. The .cv KeaNIII'g{ also \'i~it~J the Medi!er.r'J.m:1I1l while the C;VL Sa;pim took nrne Out from its jet activities to "bit Venezuela. No new jet aircraft engj[)e~ were brol1ght oul ill i'J.-1H, BuArm con1illillg jl'~eIJ to redecllllg new \'etslOn~ cxrst-

or

11)D-The DougJu Sk,.rklluh/ ;,s !'t'wtr",d hy lwo Wct'I,·oghl'I.'~~ IC!.~ anJ (,il-~ri~" tw" men ~" Ii'lndk it~ all-weurher duties. More runwntr"md i'l nppearaiice, IhC-l'"3[) h;,s :m unusua] f~alllte---,,;JlJt esare
throv,!;ll ~ chute in tit£. B(,<)r, 'instead

ing

...r fly

OJ)

,~i~£liljn ~"':ll {iring

upwurd. AJ~l.-Twi' H.i:'ipr,)eutJ,ll,g [<ngJlles nod II, [et in (lie mil power .this ,~rrkr at t~ck plane, tlte largest ""'JJ,,,,d .I;n fa fl hu ill (L' I'perdf~ r roin a .:INk. It has two p&W lJv.a!' AfliJorJ I)nd a GF.·AI'lis(j1l ret in the, t,ti~ [nr l1,Jd~d speed. J 0 ~dd!ljcln Ii> [<IIJi I'Ig w iJ"W~,lh'" AJ "I,,, has " fold,in,1;! rudder,
'f'~M-I-A Iwin.cDJolh11! Maf!irJ '~~ pJ;J.!w witl~ long nerrow 11IJU flO .. cut down on d~aJl;. Two Wrj~ht Itd';II I:ngiri<:S put it nt;"\rt'r Lurdplane 'pi."t'u, It ~I:l "pctat¢ <Itt r",ughe~ seas ~IIJ hAs h~ttet uern and JlyJro (h~m~leri~tit~, P'~Y-J-Thi. ,..~l·k Q~nsuhdlllt'd-VtJllee l seuplnne did ntH fly in
f)r<l~'

work progresst·iJ un lurhQprnl' en,gil'l!!~; s!tleha~ will drive the P~" seaplane, but none wax available Ioriastellarion in operational pllUH'~ \11\ yet. In lite redrroC1lliltgl!nsil1'~ field, the Navy revealed the Wrt!!ht turbo.Cyclone l B compound t:ngine wOllld f;o in til(.' I'lV-,1 and possi bl y late model A11'~, Exhaust ,gil~C:~ ord h I.tri! y lo~t are [ollct:te.d through a series 0 f turhrnes to give Lh('vJ1.!.V
more hor~l.!powerin this new

con~uP1rticfl!.. Developjnent

power

plants

which

;4;lve better

thrust

and

~lr

IOW<':f

(ud

I',1>18,but JNllils dod an uu"t'.s druwmg "\\,e~;ereleused .. l'IJu.. htrb,,A Ilisull ',","gine' wi!! i'(lW"'F thl!> [a st plane.
HjS.J-J>;!"jil

D.t.lring the past _yt:ar the NI)\'Y PiHtkij~atGd ill no pflhr ex-p~dilions, but It diJ send f'2V'S and :PIlW-l'S to Alaska to make aerial S\;lfVeYb of ';0,000 !Kjllate' miles 01 coastline [IIIU in ncr are:1;. ror ;geological rUr["loses, A n'Othe.f crpemti 00 wh ich covered lots of. miIc~ was the flight of /l.ghtcrs and littnck T'lane~ from Cal'iforniB La Hawaii, usif1g two carriers In rn id·

dc.si~n.

Pltc:ihc as

idnding

~eld~ to refuel.
in

A dozen

FHi·~. F.i':F'~ Jl,d

N",'y.des.lgncd helicopter fur IeS(IIe and lltait)' IJ,~ nn <.<rricr~, Has fnld lng rotors iJJru !,rgL tall rotor ll) ;\¥<Jid petsunne] I:oiurics, unproved engine nUllillg, nykll1 [ltti (ells, ,lI")J rumpl~I.~ in~t'rurnentS tor niSh! .flY1flg.

AD-l'S

made the hop. aided by -(he :farm:V(j and Princeton, milestone
LYJYi:ll nviatinu

Other new versions of C)ri~ting planes announced '~ufing Iy48 were the AU-..] and PJ\'-J, reaturing mainly more powerful engines, :lIlJ thePB~HA. The: _Navy is bUYing -36 QC the .Imphlbious
M(lrillel".J,

new Nay), plane, the 1\<51), '1\'111 lc the C~m' line MarJ, jlll><Fl, set a new world's seaplane record by fl)CIIlS [rom Hawaii to Chi mgo , fI_ hop of 4 ..841:t miles, in 24 hours find 9 minutes. It landed with enough fl.ld rOf 1,000 more .miLe'; of flight, jf needed. AIQ!1g with new p!nnt:" the Navy announced pla.nJi for the new (\",OOO·tOI1 UVA,S;f\. 11-11.' ,giant rarriet will have II flush deck and four cal!'lj1ult.., and will handle planes well over LOt),(JOO lbs, III the. field 01' (111T.itl"S, the N~vy Juring 1!)4}-; look the c."VL C'lbo!, a war-tried veteran, OUt of mothballs a{' TJhillu.ldrhi;l and put her in commission again. It also plans to medernize the famous Esse» and W(IJP and the .cVl B1#rttnl to bolster i-b> ulTr·ier Jleet. Arlannc i1J1.J PBcilic. Hed rarriers IIIN_e kef'1 hu~y t1llrin~ the year on repeaL!!!1 maneuvers anI.! world erutscs. A ~OI1' ~I:-.mt shuttle uJ' 8ll,lLOPS WJS sent tothe troubled Mtd Iteri"..lnl'~n.,ul.'w-ull ihret CVE's-, the: Cdr,,1 Se« t: D, It and 1\4i./II'''J' 1.lking their- hirus il.LI"tltroll~ng lh~ sea, T11("1 V.:Ill'J i'Ofgli went till a rnund-the-work] tXipt:odll1J:i: ill Sail DIego
made headl lnes

by flying arross

Anelher

the country.

£l_ two P1V'~ Were' Aqwll oIT tile Jeck of the C~JI.J! 51:'<1. . wnn,g JA1'O. The PlY i~ the . I,uges I plane ever to Ry oft a carrier, wt'i,!!hing 6.o,0(J0 pounds compared to 29,000 for the lq!)'" w],ii.h Hew olt the PlHIJPl'illf" .'1M at (he Anl;tntic lasl year. The two planes were. loaJ~d aboard by UUIlC5 III Nor-

ANOTIIIlR

came April

27

when

folk.
• DAllAS

As the photo

below shows, the

d€(].;

fun was short,

R.~HRVe lSO BRIN:GS PLANE AlIOARtI

WlllGJii FOR TRAINING

uviauon al j ve, In the IliLl'al dio;trins, the number Volunteer Un its set up under the cernmandaut also made II crease. The 6th ND leads the league with 1RoF operution. In second pbce il;l the l Ith ND with

AVU's rrovide training [or Rese::r,vists who lnl(' too r,lf ,JlWY p~rtil'ipnte in regul;:lr station ad.jvltre.<;, AI. present there are about 29 A VU{ A)"s for which Higbl facilities hl! I'C been pI(ll'idr:d.:I-li well as 16 A VU's lind A VU CW)"~ which do not fly bqt meet r{;:gulllrly to keep their- interest ill Naval
lO

or

Aviatio»
IIl1;!rr inIhese in

15 units.

PlIAtiITOMS

ON

SA'PAN

DEMONS11IAfE

JET 'FEASIBILITY ON

CARR:IB'l5

care of its increased fieet >ld_ivlti!;~, the Navy Dr 1,lanncd to reartivaee its air stations utCecil, Edenton, imd Cal:.mnis5. Mainside srarion at Miami', Fro r..\llilel'~lalt", arid Bnrin Ireld were slated to reopen b\lt budget lunitnriorrs prevented this step being tnkeu, 0 & R shops
'f.,Kl:

To

reopened

hours dunng the ./iscal year ended 1 July to top the 421.''i9(j hours ther flew the previous year. The Ort!-,mizcd Reserve increased Irorn 2'~617 to 30.978 officcr~ and men during [h;r.L year. NAS MINNEAPOLIS won the Conwaj t(ophy awarded th~ outstanding Reserve station for the year • in a remarkably right race wbidl lidW Ii\"t~ other ,[1I1iol1" within a few points of tylng-Se~tttc, Los Alamitos, Nor· fOlk, Willow Grove n;od Ol-nthe.

R

liM:RVF. pilO.tfi wen! to town

ill

pilitlg

up

'197, " 'i 1 I-li}:b!

Murjne Air Resen'i~t~ held their second annual

mlUl(:UI·('r~

lind Se:lttle. J 948 it would 1'111 .to heavier. than-air pllots through the blunp training prQgfilm at L.lk-e. hurs] ,md givf;: a year's work with an LTA squadron.

"'",,,,ro:reopened

at El Tore

The Nuvy announced in

'It Cherry Point und E] Toro and rcaUy eclipsed their 19 j7 record, both in flight hours and in men pl!.rlicir;!illl/!, hy ur to SO percent. At 01el'ry Point 1,800 men took in the two weeks lruining, compared to 1,.50{J i,n t047.Thcyflew

r=

lnrren ..ed elJlph:lsis on blimps in antisubmarine work l(!,d to the move. A contrad: was let witb Goodyear Ai,rcraft; Corp., to design the largest non-rigid blimp ever built. The new N-Iypt! will be 321 ret! Long ,1J1ci have retraetable trkycle
landing gear. Lr (he Jim: or training, Patuxeru Ril·N, Md.,

For rhe two months, ended NOVQw, ber 4, its I"Lmes flew I '\0,000 hours without a fatal accickll!. Thi$ record is in contras; to un :lvt:!rage of S.i") Llt:tlil ics Forthst period in the two years since 111e war, Mort.: Hrnn ~O percent of those hours W(;!f(: flown by Reserve aviarors who dju their I rain m!; on week-ends, That reC'ord covered PelnaCQla. Corpus ell risti, Memph is and all 27 Rt~cr'l'{: ai r $t;LfioJ1S about the nation. The Navynnd Marine Corp, Reservepilots IJl 19<13 put ill their most active year sill,,,, the war's end. Four new "t·alion~ were opened ~Lt Spokane, Birmingham, Lincoln, ~r.ll1diFJ~-safety record.

Navy planes ,1~ they arc produced. The lr,li n in.g cOIIln1.J'(ld J uri no!: 194'$ @tabli;,hed

. (:xperienced

and put through ih ritst clnss "of Hiers. trnillil'l,g Lh!1l.u 1'0 Oy ;l._nd tes't the latest
olelloot·

the Navy openeda

lest ['lilot s.;hoor

1.ogIstic SuppOrt Wing.

Wen! up from 5,7 t9 to 9.7'64. Another milestone in Reserve Imining was pil$;~ed in 1948 when Dallas sent 141 oAlten and men lind % C,mdlI'J, 1{flcNi7at,s lUld AI"eII/!/IU plus ;I; pa tso I .squadrun to Pensacola. The car~icr planes lie",' off tbe eVL. [P'ri;:ll! antl matte 320 bodings. it was the lint time since the war Lh.lt 'a Reserve group had operated from an aircraft carrier and \Va" pronounced an outstanding su{1(CSS, wit.b (lI]jy three minor mishaps occurring. The Navy"s transport system underwent a dmst:ic dlange in 1948 when _NA TS was ab()li.~ht'd and 40% of its pl~nt~ and men !lssiJ!;ned to operate onder MiJit{lry AiL Traasporr Service. Two S-LJU:ld_fOnS, Vlt·" and Vlhl, were assigned to fly supplies into Berlin. the first Navy planes ro join 0fllfJ'fJfirm Yiute«. Navy Hailsporls nor tuken over by the- Air FOf('eill the merger conHnued to Ay routes as the Fleet

7,756 hours, to ),23';. At Taro. 2.072 men ~nthcred for the maneuvers, compared to ! ,400 last yen!'. Flighll1ou.rs

m

Nebr._ <tl1d Niagnrn Falls, N.Y,

There W[lS un IJl"swlLlg ill flip nurnber of A5sociated Volunteer' nits ~lIpro:tr(eJ by the '!.7 Re~l'rVft 1i[>lltOns. These
USING JATO·

11 jet engill," icing t')(peritnent on top of Mt. \,Ylll:5hin£ton, N.H., 1,a.rtiti[1tltion by N:wy mel Marine pl:1nes ill force in the Idlewild, N.Y •• and Cleveland Air Racca and numerous Jir sbow~ honoring Nilvy B,ay ,mt.! mtmy lot;J cclebmtioas.
• CVL CABOt COMMISSIONING CEREMONY AFTER DE.1u\C1HBALUNG WORK

Other special activities 1Il which naval nvint ion figured in 1948 irlrJudedthe sCltJing of 2(, pilots to Palestine as United Nations observers short periods, fonduc~ing of

ror

eOntES

FOR

ADDlED

~In'.

P1.V

fLIES

OFf

CO:IIAL

'S~A

Rcstr-icted

#tII/2-TIfFRE / WAS...
.. "';=:;~~"

~\

Frustration , '~"I'~.' A
PROM1NENT

M STORY be rnolllh comes from Air RmHt Truffit Coat/or at Washington. C. With NA ANIICOSTlA, BoUrng and Wa~hlOgtOn Narional Airport down mslrumen] minimums and one mile visibility,
auiving trllffic continued
ttl stack

S o

A Slight Case of Detour

tJr

'Up '-lotH

crull'

in nnvnl :IVillUClil LeJ Is this ODe Ulat J'llppaned diltinS his dllj'S of tiring, when carrier squadrons

captain

were using blplanes. One of the- Navy's l,jlot5,a ch-ubl'ly IelI"IV whose bu 1(.;: ould hard I)' lit in the cockw pit 01 his hiphme. was shwtrog for his lOOth landing ablJ:Jid a arrier, Ninety-nine times he bad brought Ilis plane aboill'd without an accident. n the tOOth tty he (lime in (00 hig.~ and ended up in the barrier wjre~, an ignominious fate-. The ned day he went out again with determination 10 retrieve hi 5 fallen 8J()~\,. ComillS in for n landing he e-nded up again in
the barriers. On the rll'ircl d y he set out tv do Uf die. He carne up Ihe deck ;t litHe too higl. His biplane iloltted like 0. dCH,_risht into those

un in(1)a1.ng A;r Force pilot in an ",·T-r, destlne-d (or Bolling Field was informed h would be it, to lei down, He was given -nppr'!pr!at~ holding instrucrlons. All wen] well fOT., rime until WIl.~bj1l8lon Control fQund # 18 to be misSing. Inbi>lll1tl efforts were made to locate he mj~sfns phn". Then, nOl1chnlanUy. the pilot reported his pn itjnll nl the to[, of tht' stack wher he was supposed to be, Whtre hnd he J:,~~n' "No trouble," replied tJ1C rill,[, .. J d.JIl·1 "ave' enough hUll to held for my turn ill Ito! down, '0 r spir~l"'" in to Andrews Fk·ln (t() III iles frOID town), gn"l>ell "I' \11 t .."dId wait, and climbed bark up. Cen I rrune down now?"

ti

traffic was suspended.

For

50 minutes,

[rnn-

And There He Was
N... 'l!l;ll'J0111 nfficcr of VI'lJ.·!"l, Ii V lmgl,ty Aia iner outfit, kept the boys (If.;lIy well on their toes, t\ 202 crew Jl\vpv knew where they were, when, The record -t"l~tlleJ murueillarllj', however, ,111m the pUJi;l:ffilciouS Pole m issed Tara \VII one t1 igl H. AIter the- pel ul W~ s nil gone the lat! set bis r>lail!,: «o\(>n ~mid Q. f~w thousand .1£ !lIe hest waves In the broad Pacific. When II was all ver, he culled the- ship by voice anti
il F. re[101Il!'u

T

WiIC!Sag,lin fur another c:r~sh. PPllillg hi~ bulk nut of rhe cockpit, hi f~ce a picture (.If mixed disSlIst lind rage, he rn.j'etl his brawny arm ill "\logec. Ami..! '1\ flood of expletives, II" sm ue the wing £If his pl.Ll\!: wllh [us open Iund, The wins fdl off.

hop In anorhcr V, f!1rtyins. in the li-rsr, Rear Adm,t;11 Jand, in tile second. Lt GJr. S, M. Thp.~r HOt!

T

Greetings, Gate!
HIll happened on an at 1'IJM'~ made ~ rcutine

"l~k earner

,""

Pedro

"Wilere are you /" asked the dUlY (jffi rer, hoct ilenre and wlnspered consu bt.on w; tit the navigator and then, "Righ t here ,in
middle of the runway," replied

in.

the

Kany.

mir:;ll. commnruler of the two carriers' ~i()n. 'W(\ulr.! hen yi ng (Wllr that untinuiog 01 rrnal landing operations \I fir. Il.9)l9th plane WlI> 00 deck. they pml eded to bring the two TBM's into the landillg circle for tJ1C l',OOud}, i\ ~ rhe [I,~l cune into the 810(0"1; he was
givtln
.!

pn.mtlon~ were being ninde for its 13,000LI1 bl1(tilll,; when ,( was learned tIl:u the lid

Metllll

Farannl, a steward. hile, on the the second ship pre-

The dut), (!II[ter 11;. ked 0 er the Ilf-t'\11'10 planes, bltt runwa y j>'" he queried, wilh just lI. hint of doubt In his VI ice.

wnveoff

Oil ;,

l{..get

puss and the

"w

second. (lti'Ircd b Lt. (Jg) 1. F. Brown, carne
In {Or III nice lunding as the hull horn (In the A.iglll d.ed: announced to all LIm.t· thi. was the U.(lOflth landing. The Cllrh.ill und E"!\~~~~unied d()Vt" from

Out

the hurdle was ltlk,el)

in

tride

when

Knay answered, "The long one, sorr: tile ,ne. Ulat runs fwn, Fris 0 to Sbangbni."

W

Alone And lonely
EI

WElt!: flying unt:isubrnn:.tine patrol (1m of Engl~od and ha.d wandered pretlY dose to the French CO!L>'l. I! was a beautifuJ day to he nlh'e, sun shlniog 0,,1'1'head, and underneath n few billowing clouds, Add this to the- sleep-invckleg hum of our l>IlJIY'S engines and j'Ol,! have the [titt,,~ languid. Whe11 the tail.gunner -!law little bla.tk puffs blossoming behind the p{~w'! he barely came ou t of his lethargy eol)ugh to CIlIl tbe


fCC.

Who's A-head?
lit;; M~RGrR

the bridg iii gft't'i the admiral, It wa-s then with 1'1 h:ding 1,1 SU!l1!! surprise tfiat they I1let 11\1 I1M,ln,1I ,I~ he climbed from the ...../I,~tr The l_' ) rl.HI waved (.ff C\olln. , 'u,lmlt·. Cjll rrclDivi~ll)n X!
[.1Lt_'1;1sll!tll~hutt is th,l

of (he N~''Y wilh the Ai. Pnrre and Army zppatently I'l~so't hit loouly little: JlJll1l rnn. hlllnJ in U1!d-p~""n' This str)fY "times from YI{-S, nnw Bying ior MATS. A N'I"Y man walked into the oflirennd 3sk-ed the sergeant nn duty:

[ll1sh,ni: 1'1.U1~s on thl;'

h!lng.U'

tht LSO dc'k.

is now

pilot.

"\V~re h the head?" The ~~erSClml looked puzzled
ment, but suddenly

for- a mnYI" -anJ

"Tail-gunner to pilot," he mumbled. "This is the pilot. go ahead," )lIIWned thl; PI' . "I think (-J,efl" is ack-ack up here," quotes the T-G. "Are Ule)' shooting at US?" asked the
mrl"i(l~r:'lbll' more-alive pilot. lrort hesitation frnrn the tnil·gunocf. then,

his face lightl'd

he. IlllsWlltel:l: "Oh, CaptlJ'1l Manui.sjl·r!
nut the dOOr."

lie 111~fwulked

*** Know
Do yqu
others

'''1'11I"e'~

11(\

nne

]'P.JJ Un/nIDI

AMM 2/" usKTR
JORTH

else ap liere,

[r."
(In.1cUve)

like tOtoe'ild UoriC5 like these ,'11 Ihis pil-ge? H so, then ,~i[ down and wrrre

Any

Sea

Stories?

***

up some
GIn

frO'1l

our own

experiences, s-o

TONAWANDII,

y,

AViation

l.uJ,gh too, Sel) dll1cm In N a ~,II ews, ;try- DL'Pt., W.ash., D.c..

4

Cutlass Fighter
put on ,\ press show its latest Jet fighter, hance Vou~ht XPiLl-l utlass, at AT PATUXE T RrVITR on 18 Novc~ber. OL1€' of the most spectacular-looking planes ByilJ[.: today. the F7U will b~ carder-based with fohliHg wings. Twin GE-Alllsan jets arc expected to shove it well above the 60()-m_ph mark. The first modern Navy plane to have no
HIi - ANY

T

the

or

join the ned for many months since it Ius to go through extensive flight.tting at Patuxent. Afterburners will be installed to give the plane extra thrust in emergencies. No e high angle 01 att!!ck of wings when plane rests on ground.

t.iil and wilh swept-back wings, the

HII

rrobab-Iy will not

BLIMP-LIKE NEWSREEl

CAMERAM"'"

REtOR.DS SPEEDY FLV:PAST OF F7U-1

SIlO TWIN RUDDERS IN WINGS

OF THIS TAIllESS

JET CARRIER fiGHTER

,',mASS

LQQK5 LIKE PRAYING MANTIS A5 IT SQUArS

ON THE- ~UNWAYS

Be tricted

5

Engines and Prayers!
many pilots are alive to exphtin what it feels likt [0 lose eleator iontrol right after take-off, 0 the [ollowing statement is oi f'i.llticular interest. The ai rr.raft was a I'V-_,] riloted by a lieutenant and an er'l5ign in the Organized Re en'e.
"Mt~r ~rcflighllr1g U,L 1Ilr-(;mfl 1 t:lI'to:d
Ih(· t'llglfll .... \XlhJll' ~,,'a.itu,g InLl'f!aslt.] f;)'Jindor teuiuermn rio' ,,,,<I l"OWCl" clearance, J heLked ~,)' l'lIke ,lnJ uH!cltor (Inltt)l • II; t.ndea t01 the run-up 'p()sipl~n, dlet"k"d our C'n~i11(~5, and went down the check-off Iis). After ,,"rul'i~ting the checkoff, my (OpiJ t cheeked the cenrrel on his

~

Not

very

Jri\,~

Grtlmpdll P« 11 ib '(11': That Wail' ome "see-s_3w"

(.I''''

ride: tbat

you had. My hat j!j off to }'!HI for the cool 311. :1 deliberate . manner in which )lOLL handled this erneegency. In a. spot like [hlltone wrong DlOVe might have. meant II

walery grave (or you and yout crew, As ft./~ dIe broken cof(er pin and mj8~ing; nm-ir's the same old story, "An ounce of prevemion is worth sa pound of cure." Aviarion maintenance is One field Whet> carefu] workmanship and rigid inspettioltS pay big cli",d"nds ill Ilves and pl:tnC!'l,

Dead End Street
Here i~:L story of • nava] II 'iat (who paid the piper. He took off from NAS DEVER on :t local Iarniliarizatlon Bight and immediately left the Iocal area and proceeded in a NW direction to the vicinity of Estes Pa.rk, Colo., where he was seen to make-se ecru low passes, HI;' was observed .Byfus. up .Fall River Canyon, Canyon, then back up F-all River Canyon toward Trail Ridge. At this !Join witnesses ay the FG-lD was in It clirr ing attit'lJa C at about 140 kts, The pilo apparently realized he could not gain sufl'ic.ieru altitude to dear the approaching ridge •. 0 J1C began a left dirnbin 1 turn 1'0 So back down Fall Rivet anyon, Apparently due to a downdraft from the Rj<Ige, the aircraft settled in the turn and truck the face of the steep 'Iope dpproximately 400 ft below the lop of rhe 12,000 ft. ridge. TIle pilot was killed irutani'ly and the aircraft was completely demolished as a result of the impact and the rue that followed tile crash. In the opinion of U1C Accident Board the pilot W'J. flyinS in an unauthorized ares jl.l t before the crash; be was conduC"l1l1g unauthorized low flying in mountainous terrain; and he failed to ob erve ordinary precautioru rOt fly. 111,!; in mountainous terrain.
~

side,
e rnade II n( mnll take·' If, J leveled plane off wirh Jlight ftJrw~rd l'rc>51.1rt' Lhe yok~IH arrw)!IIlIMt;ly 1 I) to 20 Roef ah"v~' the- runway uddenly th yukI' was free of pressure, -I'J1' u ircndt irnrnedi"" the IUl

alely Well I into a viulent (limb. rull forward po'k(' did no! ~k,rt'il~t: t he ~e~erl'y of the climb nnd tbe yoke seerned free ~tom the pressure tiC the aitfio"" !.J\/eT the ele ... a t(lf., While in rhis dungernus, full-power dimh. W}' (f)pi1(Jt and r cut the throttles ~lnl\lIl~n6Iusly. The n"~~' droppeJ immedi-lItel!' and e-venly with no stalling bei pI; noticed. "With 8", nose of the -j]ircr.tJt elfect~
.~g;Hll rn

around

Lin Dance Mt., down ro.r.cst

normal fli-gbt, I increased power stendily, apply,p,!! full forward yoke. W,lll Ih15 JIl. creaSe in pvw't:( tit airi.raft d_gam started ,
steer climb. W<: were uver the lake at this

shoulder

rime, Witb this second :lltl'l'tlpl d"t nmln.d fJight and S1 II no ..ttl" tor eonrrol, J de-cidcd i to) ditch lhe ilUClafl in the lith. "I JcuQ,llOed lhrottlt's steadi Iy In nu power, the nose d!Ot'pipg in Nl'porliilr.l II' till! reductiun 'ot po\\ltr _ Ag~l!l nn ~ta!lillg ef. fet! , ns noticed. At appro-ximl1ldy 5(\ feet 1 "1' ned the pilots' i'SC'IP<: hatch, By now we were dose tl.> the W~t'('r. I leveled my wings arid instinctively hGult'<! back pn rb~ )'ukt: as we hit. The back 2R5-S11re on the )'uke hnd i)U ~lInt un misil'g tlw M e of IIut aiKWn, WI:- hit tht wurer pnralklin!l the west shore of the lake in a ,light!), naSt' dowu anuude, The impact didn'I Sl'cln severe 10 me. but liw DO$e lind windshield
were o;umpletely enveloped

straps before he final impact, and a radarsecpe had broken loose causm' minor fa ial injuries to one radioman. Otherwi e the crew wa uninjured,

After three days of intensive diving and alvase operations the P'V was recovered from the bottom of the lake in the- conditicn shown below. Inve_stigntion soon revealed tile C1U.'C of this freak accident. A broken cotter pin ha.d fill wed 11 small nut to back off, This in turn allowed a ~ inch bolt to back out of the elevator (OnLI01 rear pu b-pull rod, The bolt. washer and two pieces of the cotter p-in were found in the bH.ge when the plaut: W~5 rec:ovs:red £rom the bctrom of the lake.

"UP'1n full imp{i ag~lOst the windshield Iw, face.'

1 noticed m)'

in water.

o!,;lcot '>;,dth his [lands befure

T'his is another one of those tragedies thar oecur all 100 frequently. This p_ilo~wns ev;deDlly enjoying a 13,000
Ieor roller coaster ride overmountain peaks and ridge-.li until J1e flew up a ODe-Way

~1

Grampa»,e,1I1ifJom:

says:

After getting out of the plaoe, the pilots ;1J1J thl,; two radiemen who wert' I\bOil.rd inflated their life jackets, The opilot swum. to the raft which was Roatiog af er th PV sank. While the others were swimming toward the taft: a civilian boat approached and picked up all four. The Cal ilot had suffered II minor C0l1Cl1SSion du to releasing J115

canyon that hlld(o lirde air pace. Give YoUl'seJf a little margin of safety whoen Ilfitlg in this sort o( countty. 5ta:y away from molu1l11in peaks and ridges, th"Ji have U"eaCbrulOUS wind cuerents
d,o.wn draII~ that are 1)1 such s!:a'ength tbey will make any plane as hel pless as a piece of paper in a WindstQrm. If yon Wan! 10 go sightsee'ng in the mountains,

take a b~ in~ead of a N'IVY a.rplane.

throttle and maintainlng his attitude. The L 0 then gave htTFll a "come-on" followed by a "higl1 Ji,p" ILS the plane was getting In a thngerol.ll1!y no e high attitude. When the pilat did l10t seem to :Inswer these ignals, he was gi\'eo bVO more .. orne on's" followed bra "wave-off." At this lime the AD-2 was about 150 feet astern of the ship. The pilot appeared to be little slow in answering tile wave-off, After applying throttle he either started :I steep left turn or the torque effect rolled the plane into a steep bank. Tn any event, :IS he carne over the stern of the ship his poet wing scraped the deck io an arc from a spot just forward of the lSO's platform up to the catwalk. rIle ,w-2 cleared the port sIde of the ship. rolled over on ir back, and about 1 00 reet off the port The pilot appeared to have throttle on at the moment of impact. The plru:Le sank in about 15 seconds without a trace of pilot or wre i4tge to help potential rescuers.

ing :;jgnal offic-erpicked him up at the 90 degree position with a high signal which the pilot answered by easing

The series of pictures nl the top of the pilge show .1 fatal accident in ail AD-Z whi h OC lured during the pilot's fi rst day of carrier land iJlg qu al ifisarion. Prior to the acciden he had made Irve passes all d recei ve d two cuts: an d th ree wave·olfs. Two of the wave-off were iven fOl making tile same error which ulted in his death, J 0 eaehinstance be answered a "high di " signal by taking 0 throule without lowering the nose, On the sixth pass, which i. shown above. the land-

Slow Response

~

(rom thn record that dns midshipman had only 28 hours in type 31 the time me, RctidciH occurred. This ~nt experience coupled WITh the narural anxiety J neriee

fi\,l
<I

GTllmp<l'" Peulbon«

sayJ:

.mauds

cither. Tu round our the p;'c:l:ll..e the fvl,lr-fne Curps Reserve !raining progralD wa also free (If ralal accidents:" The folks who keep the 'Ili$hl time records teU me thaI these vlu:iou.'i outfit logged dose to II quartee of a million hours

of

newcomer to ,lhl! squadron ,probttbly had .. great deal to do with his fairure to
answer signl'18 promptly and e.;u'rectiy. Fel-

during' work!

lhaL

(WI,)

and " half month period.
Ke~p up the good

Congr.arullition!Of

lowing his (WD successful landings h was noticed lobe slow in a.n!wuittg t'rxi ane!
flight deck handling' sigtlal. Appnrentl the rush of carrier operations was confusing him 'and lIe became more ne.nlOU5nnd!

Look! It's Free
~
~~ to

Fer a long

time

tense during
accident, called

the wave-ofls prior

to th

give something sway (besides ad. vice) and DOW I (an do il.
One of til!, bri.ght youn~ lads who work across Ihe hall has compiled all the storie!! last .live years into
II

'I'".,.

been

wa.ntiog

Seems to me

plained to him Wnll{ it was [h~H he was: doing wrong. A few words of encourag ement and advice migbt have 'enabled hinl 10 gel hack aboard ""Jely, after which h,,, could have been 'wounded pending additional carrier landing prank , In my QpU:..iOtl pilots, especially those ju~ out Qf flight training. should have a minimum of 50 hours in. Iype before starr·
ing their, carr] .. r qu lification Jan.ding8.

$omebc>dy should have chis chap on voice "'1&0 and ex-

rhat I've written about the Co:rlair in the
3S-page lUustrared

booklet: called Gramp"", PeLtibOlll! Looks al th« COTS<l;.. It' baen publishecl. and they even gave it a nice. long, fancy nurnbel': NAY AER()..80R·21. Byt!his time ever)' squadron or station tl,,1t uses F4U's should have received se eeal copies, out just in case a"YObe. got lef! out, ou can get 'I cop by sending m. the
,;oupon below.

Dear Grampaw

Pettibone:
G'"ml)B.1V 1'.' ~rho"" .Na~"l Av'.tion N~w, 1>1 dVy D~l)n.rtmen t W .... hin.<ct:on, O.

1 know that YOll[ job is to write abcut the eerors and boners that cause accidents. but din you notice that the Naval Air Re erve Training Program Jogged 11 76 day stretch near the end of the year without a sin le Fatal accident? Witb dose to 10,000 Organized, Associated, and Volunteer pilots participating in th is p.rogtalil, I think that's a record worthy of mention, How about it?
Grampaw Pellibollt: says, YOll·~" darn right it's "'ortby of mention.. The surprisi.ng thing is that during 'th.e v"ry same period (Septemoer. 5 to November 19) mMe were no :latal accidents in the. Advanced Tl'tli"ing, Bask

fl.""
bUII~

G, am ""'\I>!

T WI'm U. li"" to) he .... old 3~ you nre. PI",,~e,"""I "1.f' " ~l"lo' II! t;.(lmVa,,, P"lti_

u,o/.:a

II (

(h~ Gor.~ir.

fICt,.J

~

P_,S. 1 I>romi"e n .. t 1(1 do nny OiIllinl't1"g next Y""f', and 1'l1 k~o my sho',lIdu oJgbt ton,

all ~Ml"~

'Teaining,

or

T'e c h nf c.a l Training

Com-

7

JET ENGINE

ICING

TESTS
or

last winter' tests were sLipplemented six additional 4.nOO-.l'.:allol] tank ltailers [urrrished by the Air Ferce, P'uel to £11 thi~ improvised fuel stor;"ge field was hauled ovee Ute eight-mile toll roilJ [0 the 6_ oc -foot umrnir by a loenl tuel d istributor. Another 1,30U gallolJ., of kerosene were placed in ranks the Yankee
erwork, which r losed Its mountain-

top

radio

opcra;tior:Js

11.'1.18 year, the .1 w,interized

Air Matecial iD~ the test area clear of ~Ilnw_ t'he Ai r Force furn ished 3 raterp iJJ II.r tract or
"!lOW j-')OW •

men have: the luxury at leep furnished by uval euler. "['0 assbt in keep'

[01:

the

winter.

T
BUTlER BUilDING ON MT. WASHINGTON'S SUMMIT SHOWING JET AIR !NTAtuS AJIIP ROCKY TERRAIN

sen tative,

Private Engine Makers Use

Mt. Washington
Research

Summit

Facility

ur AmCRAF'T e.ng,1ne cornpan ies, the a,y a.n,d the Air Force au: l00l'~ Hatillg this inter in a tt:stiqg program a.top wind-swept Mt. Wlh~hingtoo in

J

New Hampshire
iiJlg on engines, The program

to

lind

lhe

ilmwe.

to

is .1 continuation and of the U."SlS rn a d e last winter WJ11!f1 the NIl.\ty hauled an FH~I P/Jillll(llil to Ihe summit an I run it, engines, Results ar that time indicated that~;xi.\1 flow hJ,bojtt engines art ~eriQilSLy IIlfcckJ by umo pherrc icing • •hoking off their vital au suppl· and cnusin£ engine overhes tin!,!:. Thi year's

mcdrncation

middle of October under supervision of the NavJ' Aerouautical -Engine Laborntory and till: Air force's Aeor(;lIllluti(.Ll lee Re .e ar c h Lab of Willow Run, Bquipment tested includes both jet en1< i(JeS wi.th <111 ti- iring provision , a~ well <u component section imuJ.1tin,l; new ensines now in design tatus, Air flow for tbe latter sections i~ [lrovideJ by a j-.l.l turbojet mounted inside U1C test bangar. Becaus of lhe large number of engmes involved ln PrO/fltf Sllmlllit this winter, a sizable SlJpply of gasoline and kerosene was required, The Nil y" CWo 3,200~gQllon tank trailers used or

(u:;tivitics at I:ht urnmtt again, with two assistants, with urtis Berg in rhlttgt for the Air Ferre ab's a. riviries, The me-n work on a 20-da.)' scbedule, hiking leave of their frigid jobs for I() d;lYS to return Lo "civilization' to thaw out from Ule temperatures which go as I
'1[:1below zero, Winds d,S high 230 miles an hour have been recorded
.L~

Acm:'lOautial Engine L boratory repreis in Ch1Ji.?c Qf the N,l'VY's

,Aat-topped "Butler" buildmg usedlasr year is being used los lhe tests again Ul! winter. Tom Dltk~'Y.
HE SAM ~

dep h . f snow I 11 ot usual! y great, hut some drift. of SlX to J 0 fed are encountered on the slopes. Mt, WtlShington was selected for the tests bee ause of its u.a:essibilily br road be on.' the snow falls and bemu~c wind!> and 'icing conditions approximate
winter

at the urnmit, Be ause of the wind,

to that of the Arctic regions.

tHght. Its

vegetation

is

similar

research is going further !rclk this foe of l1ying.

into

how

to

This winter, joiurl), invited
I1Mke use

desrgns and opt'l':'lting engines. eJ1erai Electric, Pratt o' Whitney, WestInghouse, Allison ,1)1..:1 Wtigjl{ accepted
the mvitalion.

Qr

the Nav and Air FOIet. the engine im'1ustry to the Iucilllles to test theJ.r

the "ice test" are UW. )'3S, J·31. J-;{5 .:.ull..1 F·l.i. the first one '(lotrifugal Rowand the other axiu] How engines, 'The first. be .... use of its dc,ign r cllects 1ittl dunJ

Among

the

various

rn chmes

given

ger us I

t' ~.

compared

to 1J1e axial tiow

type1'e:>1: .11renn}r L~ well underway J't ing the summit tamp. havio,l; started toe
1-40 ENGINE (RIGHT) ~ROVIOES AIR fLOW TO TUT SECTIONS OF ENGINES LACKING OWN POWER

.

,

8

Restridnl

NAVY VAN FROM PHILADHPtllA

CARRIES PLANE

Navy

Brings Wright
Returns on Carrier

Plane
Palau

I'he: first airplane to Larry .1 m n into the ;III'-lhe [umous Wright Kjll}/)'ltJ the CV P.r!.rti and wa:; rmnsporred overland 10 rhe Smith onian Institurlon 1n W.l.,>hingtoll, D .. via Navy van, The plant' h a.d been i11 London's
Kc:nsington Museum for 20 year.'; be cause the Wright brothers had d disw lth the III irhsen Ian B ver 11 claim th,it Professor I.angley·~ airelrome before till' Wright birlal1c. Olntiltl in/:! of til plane was held at 'I~hingtoll 011 '17 December ;t.s- the plane took its place in the aliona.! Air Mlh~!Jm beside duo Llllf!ler plane ilnd Llndberg.h's Sp'il'll r;,/SI. Loa!«. urator agr(,'llmr:'nt

Kittyha~1(

relurned

to the United

States

nboard

special. \ Iewer, tJli~ creates the . third dimensional (:'ffecl so essential ill photolraphit interpretation. Height of any object rho ogmrhed below, or depul or water, GHl l2-.-:tsi1r bot: deterrriined in the photographs. By thin~ colur :film. camouflage am be differentiated from lhe real thing, I}iggc$t advantage of the camera, however, is th,Lr he photo plane run l'01!T at high speedartoss the aCC11 to be phi"llogmphed. ill altitudes t'tLOgillF from ]00, or less, to '500 feet. Above that heifl,hL the piChII' os taken by the amera Me _n small Ihat it hl,gllpowered ma;!{nifying gltl9$ must be L1:JeJ to make out detail -_

San Diego Men Win Trophy
NA S{l.N DU:Go-Pi:ve "sharpshoot crs" ft)m,st'llting tl.i{t N)J.vill Air Stl1.th.lll, art Dj(lgo.entt:red and Won the 1948 ational Oren keet Service Championship. pon wed by the ational Skeel Shoutin,r: Association at Las Vegas, Nevada, September .6-25, Eighteen enire teams (omreted in the charnproriship matches with more than OOl' hundred service parriripants vying or individual and team honors. dr, Richard White, LI. Cdr, 1- A. Robinson, Lt. (jg) V•. Brewster, J. n. Leslie, AOe. and L W. Hughes, AOC, comprised the quinter of North Island .'dead-eyes , who compiled the winning totaJ of 1 18'1 broken birds out of po~In individual service and open com, petition_ alief Leslie placcl.J first in class "8" in the Governor of Nevada handicap, and third in both class "B" optn and service indi i Ius l. LL Brewster placed third rn class "A" open and fourth In service individual, The vidociou.s nval Air Skeet team
carted off the three sible 12"0 . Skeet Me" Won From 18 Teams:

of th~ museum

is Cdr.

Paul

Garber,

US

R.

F7F-3P Gets Sonne Camera
SpedClI Fitting A.ddpts It To TIgercdf

tuotld'» JP~e-d record., h .11.1 I'}" C<11f/Jf'f', b{(/ DOilglaJ ;Imj Ih~ ."'al' added M;~.! 1,;(11)' D'lY (wi' ,btl diJpld.l' I ,Hlf,bl ,,1/ ~H'j al :5(j11'" MQ/lh,1,
111'0

The red-pointed

balder

()f

Dar{glcJI

Sk:j',!/uak.

E!. TORO------InstallatiUn of the: onne S[rtp camera in the- P7F-jP re ently was approved For the Marine COtps. jtnd now is in use by this squad. ron. It ha - beel1 used, in llvy plane, for some time. 'J'h~ revohitionary camera, through which slrip hlm moves past n exposure -Iit lit a rate of speed In PH1PO tiqu to the: speed of the plane, turns out aerial pl.lotograph~ of needle s!1J\.rPIH'SS dn r log a low, fast run. Speedot the film cui be controlltld m<qludJly or automatically, In the latter rase. the pilot ~imply lIick~ a swirch. A scanner picks up light impulses which act on ,!be Cl1Ile!\1 ~rl1nsmission, and the proper film speed and sill CPffijug are automatically sd. -reda] fittings have been made to . the camera to the I'7F-JP. Til instrument has a double lens Calle, one 51 ignt! y offset :;0 lhat it takes a picture: slightly behind the other. Wben the ~ictUIes tlj"€': paired and seen through u
Restriotf'li

VMP-254,

perpetual trophy which they wL,1I keer until next ycar~$ -()mlJt'titioIl.

lim]

one-hul

r

(i:'Iot

Riding Roads Is Dangerous
Cars Kill M.ore- Marin!!'s Thon Pldne.s MCA5 ET, Tono-c-Death rides the 11 i~hwa)'s far more often Ith:111 it do s the '\kyways, accordlng to n survey at

Navy UUI'I'" [Ill'vl! nredu e! "'chltlnal/, b/.r/oI'Y of pa/)O>/II.
lilt;
{il'.fi

JI'/ m'f/~rrl
[1,

ami

AI,'

Force

arr euactrntlan
FI

MATS

joint

tuan

M

Il!flllillrr/

tor

JrJ

Dossey, durNal'y-Air leaue Hir;kthe ltIain/and

Foree cbecl:

this Marine Cerps air station, More 01UI' twice ,1S many Marines died durIT1gthe past fiscal yea [ in rill' and mororcycle crashes as were iniure~l fjltall)' in airrraft. In almost 10;,000 hours in the arr in all kin h of weather, Learherne ks h"t! only four fatal IIC idcflts: in which three ers and rh rec en li$led men were killed, On th~ highwayi'i~ 1~ Marines were killed and 11.1 others injured.

om,

9

Rl.'.Iltrieted

GUID D MISSILES GO TO SEA
and guidance installations of launched missiles of any type can be carried on. Shipboard techniques for missiles will be devised. Missiles C:M be launched whose range and guidance limitation make it advisable that they be fired outside the continental limits of the U.S, In thi conneriioa, the ship will grea~ly facilitate upper air research afid other types of research where a wide range of weather, climate and .geographical conditions are required. ceUJLn.eOIlS research outside the missile field for which the vessel might be FAt· t1wl:u1y uiled, Advanced tracking and plotting facilities for high speed aircraft interception may be worked out. And of panWlount importance, the Norton mmd will provide a working classroom for training in all of

The ship can alse be utilized for mi •

these field,

JUM8Li

or

EQUIPMENt J

ON fANTAIL

OF NORTON SOUND IS FOlt LAUNC~ING

VARIOUS MISS·ILE5

small s11urp look al L paSt history roe a moment. H was 111 1921 that the: Navy's_ first SC".lplane- tender was commissioaed. Named the U 5 W''';gJ)/, it was. converted from a transport type. The next year, 1922. saw the commissioning f the S' Laugh)" number one llVy aircraft GIrder. The L.mgl{";'.f hull Wits origiMlly laid down .!S a collier. So, die Jessons of the first World War precipitated 1I.c Navy's aircmft/ ,h~' deeelo meet, Actually alrrtaft "byed a 1"I::ryrmnor role in naval nc"'I 1AK:'-

T

conversion [rom tender of eaplanes to a ship equipped for the experimentnl firing of all kinds of guided missiles. These two events are not world-shaking, but they may well be con ide red signiA 'eapbne tender of the Norton ot/1ui cla was chosen to become II guided missile launcher because it was particularly well adapted for conn:rsion to that type ship. Large and stable, theOf/on, Qlmd'J fantail is _uitable for launching; her hangar available for srcwage and rigging. She has plenty of space and quarter for new instIJl11rions and project personnel. Also, the

handling.

A LTERAl'lONS for conversion of the 1l.. ship had to provide means (ot
maintaining, servicing. and

ficant!

ture value of naval aVi.lLlon W obvious. So between wars Navy plane development and aircraft carrier building w emphasized. During this lime eight aircraft carriers, six L:-trse lind 14 small tenders were built and 14 converted auxiliary sea plan t' ten d e rs were commissioned, When critid m is directed reward the !Lv)' (or being unprepared in 1941, little note is paid to the aircraft, carrier .tnd tender development tllal went on between the two wars in spite of greatLr restricted funds. The soundness of the Ntwy' - decision to emphasize naval avianon was well corroborated' by the l.d war, Guided missiles during the lns~ war played an important but not a decisive role. The next war might SCI.' them full grown. In 19 7, a V-2 was fired from the deck of the aircraft carrier U S MiduJ.JY, and on L Oceobcr, 1948

lion du.rin,g World W:u I, but Ute Iu-

design of the ship. It .{"J_J1 qui kJy be reconvert-ed for its prim:u'y mis ion. The rre. enr configurarion and equipment or the vessel were ptedicat'cd on future requirements of the gujdt;d missile field in ofar could be foreseen, The mobility of the OIWJJt S()fllld makes ;t practicable to lt1.u.t1cb OILS iles, pruticul1u1y research vehirles, in various geographical Iocations and opens the possibility of having te t range of' unlimited lengtb When pre-sent pc_oying grounds become inadequate or hazardous because of size or surrounding civilization. It pre ents the fitst 01"portunity tc Jnvcstigare termi'lal guidThe use of this first highly-flexible guided mi sile 1iring platform will Open ...number of unknown doors. Developmental tesling and operational evaluation of handling, launching, tracking

conversion will

Dot

chan~e the basir'

nated with a minimum of prel'aratiGln. Mean bad to be provided for: the i . mediate aoquislcicn of targets ( slles), automatic tracking, artdautom'tic plottin:g with Little or no dead times and the a curate yrnd1COUlzation and correlation data. lncidentul fe,\tur:cs of the Nor/Oil mimi are an AEW system, radio teletypewriters for network ontrol 1111d aerological purposes'; communication an d rada r countermeasure equ ipmene, and comprehensive radio egui'plJflell~ for either communi :atton or ontrol pur. poses.

firinA aoy missile that might he desig.

ance.

the U

!\-oJ'JOIt

osnd completed its

NOIlTON

SOUND

HAS

LAUNCKED

'SKYHOOK'

10

Rcstrfoteil

the removal of the after crane and the installation of a mushroom venrilaror

Included

nrnong the alreranons was

repbct the air duet in the crane. 'I wood planking and tie down stri['1s were removed and a fairing put 011 Ih~ deck edse toaming so that spilled or bumitl~ fuels could be washed overboard. TIlt' mooring pockets <U1d hatches remain but are surrounded hy high ("{laming:; to reduce the haza:rd trem c';caping. chemicals. A doubling pll1~t was welded to the deck at the initial !:ltlU(hin~ site, and -adJitjo!1ltl struC'tur.timembers were added under the- \\ coel deck, one-inch glass iusulntiun was applied to the underside of the main di,:{'k, A co-foot skeleton tower ~'nth ,Ippropriare -plat(ornlS has been installed II~ tI missile serving Lower for ruelin8 missiles a(ter Liley are erected, Anotber rower and n launching platform has been insulkJ en the veaplane d~k in the- vlcirrlry of th~ ~er"ldJ1,g tower. A Meillr/' wagon wilt be used for !,osiLioning. Ihe m;s~iles priQr to tirin~_ Four fire monitors a.re· installed, two OD the seaplane derk aud two on the boat deck, These om he sel JOn a;:ny desired ["lO$itio:11 to cover the seaplane . and water can be controlled rcfrom the block hOlIS{:,'. has been buill four feet abo......the forecasrle deck and e will double as a helicopter rla,tform J.oel as a base lor telemetering lr:urks which will be broughr aboard when needed, There arc facilities to ~u.[1rl}' the trucks wiLh air condftioning, electrical services, and controJ circuits. Two kingp05ts, port and -;tarboarJ, lml'c been added. Each kingpost bas ;J. pln-tform for rnounting r:~d'lf;u)renna, Above and ~lt the after cod of t'la: haqgrur an armored shel tcr has been added_ The shelter has armored pO!'b fitted with two-inch bullet-proof gl.~~s overlooking the seaplane deck ~U01\\ laun.,hinu; deck. Two observation porl~ arc su pplicJfol1c for the sufE:ly olil(er and one above the firing console, In
\'170011 DI;(I"

the main deck in this area. the ins uln t ing gual ities of

In lieu of

Jab is of suHidelll 5ize the extra work luad, Ai> an experimental missite luuncbcr. the .".r Il II Soma! win (HI 11[('· .L wide vadtfr of vt:hicks (rom her deck, Many or these prQJcds ere 5UJ1 In tbo: developmental stage and on the classitiell li~l. Two er the larger missiles that will hI: J:ii'(~d from the Jloztitll,: lil\U1C~1 in1:'/. platform lire th e III! 1'0 !h.Hf.m.a the I fklll{{ The l',kmg project. fotffiC'dy the Vl:jillWI!, is an urrerdtl'IlOspheroe rcsearch veh idt, that will be uti1 izc~l by ONR ami NRI. In their irwe-"tip,lltiolls_ SpomoreoJ by Bu-AEU, the Vik.iug is ,I Mlirtill furfUr! contract, \\ itL! RClb.hon MfltQr~. Inc., fl,J to isbi.ng the power[1hOlo

present

to handle

UAVINGBOOST~RB'EH'INO

A~ROJllE

ON w,,"-y UP

The

t?;!stillg

wL~oljlle syst crn

has

ht'~n dea(ti\'lTkd JoS such and I wo of lhe tanks modified for the stowage und mixing of alcohol used for missile Iuel, ln addition, remctely-controlled jeltjscnable stow;t,ges hay" been pYO'~ ided for other missile fuels rn b(' rarried in sealed cans outboard on the- boat deck. The deck house on the boat deck "!:IS heen extendl::d aFt to provi de 11. t11brh t
control

ell [unctions
gui,dance, ment room,

functions .of a liH.ge eIe with the ,ludOfl

renter,

which

combines

lhc

and

mi~~j[e tracking, instrurnentation center. equipment

The ~leck house also holds AEW ecplip.
,], radar

A

room
PlAUOltM IS fOR HELICOPTERS ANO f.AUOONS

and a voice recorder room. The old .1erologica1 office sp~ce has tional equlpment and enmmpasses the Inajor rottion of what formed)' wss the na\'ig<l.tor's sea cabin. Air conditioning h~l<; bee~li[J~WlJed La serve the Hight ·l',ontrol renter, block house -and telernetering trll(ks IO(:iLled Oil tlre heljcopter rIat·Fornl. The I-WQ 36" searchlights have been removed and rcp]1l!:ed by two modified directors to obtain "tn'f~t:t arllJl1isltion" of the missile by the tr:ac;ki!fl,$: radar aateenas, equipment fire~ In the launching are a include the previously m~tioned two electcic I1rt pumps augmenting the regUlar systeIll. and supplying the four fire monJ{Ors, a O~ mother system in the launcher base, a fog type water ~pIlly around the launcher base and the ~'p[inkJet system in the hangar. All 1;l9uipmC'flt is remotely controUed. Special cameras will retord Righi: data for the purpose of instrumentarien .tnd for histo1'ical record. Cameras will bt mounted strattsitally ~b€lut the ship to record roll stabilieatlon, traiectory, and propulsion, They wiH also be mounted to phOlog:raph radar, repcarers
PEaAl..

been expanded forward to handle addi-

S

liu; fighti~g

combatmg

For

there is It separate enclosure with fire 06serv-atioll p!Y.;f~ called the VIP room. It eentains 1'\","0 loudspeakers \:-,hi~h "l,n be plugged in on ani desired in£oroM' lien or control sircui], Three spherical vacuum tanks rOt the storage ef liq\ud oxygen have been . . ed below detk- in what W:lS pre, the wing stowage compartment compartment isequipped with Jo special ventilstion sysiem. There is II
to the launching

the I'on after remer

or the

blOcK house

piping system running
area.

from

the

tanks

and Jj:al boxes for data collecting,

The

plant on .I 8l1hconlr.lct basis with M,tr Iri n, The aj rf r;L1IIC' was designed and developed by Martin Aircraft Buill for botb speed and weight c,anyi:ng abiluy, tlle Vikmg r5 slightly over .,15 Ieet long :111 d 32 Inrll(·s i11 cl iameter . Fou r fixed fius and .a Jet stabilizing ~y!ilem keep the missile lit th", same 11llglt- in Hight as it srts when fired (rom the ph_tform. A wid" assortment of mstrurncntation can be .It[Om~od,tteJ by lil!;: Viii· IIIJ{J t<U'bt0 cernparlrnent, The ra)'loJd DO. he varied from J SU pounds 10 j -Iun !,olJnd,~, This gives the Y ikwf!" (011, sidtlrably 1110re flt'xibility and utiLt~ than rhe V-.!., and with r cmparntivc payloads- the Viking will outperform lhe v-a by :l_ good I])llrgll1~ Maxill1l1111 V~· loeity of the /.7ikilll!, is CXre_l'ted h) bc well above M~l("h6. Powerplant tlf the r -,kmg is J. 1i9lm! rocket motor, fed by turbine-driven pumps,. which will provide a thrust of 10',000 pout:ld~, 'ToW weight of the 1/ih;lIg will run around ') tons, With almost three (juartcrs of this weight taken up by fvel load, It wilL he fired from a platform somewhat similar to the v-: and guidancewill be predeterrnined by platform angk·. r~s ascent will be near-vertiral.

11

VC13

Cited for Sub Duty

Got Six U-Boats in Six-Month Period Co mp o s i te Sqeadren b has been .1\, ,lrd(?u the Pn:siJ!:t1tial Ul1il (it.trion Ior its outq:LOding co rnhn t record against encrnv submarines in the AII'lil ,Iit .1J'ei\ r rorn July P., 19-13. to J .HiLl.H)
1 ("

***
Ie
\"~hlH(

GCABOX

SCORE

*** Glory
~. .
,j~t~

Boord

Honors

Pilots

GCA LaTI,jjnJ<" Otlt,J;41" h,hlNI lTI~!~um"'"

'l";l1!!1,ll'n;lln!l~
Wllf'lHl'H'nl

.. 1m ,H3

:w I

Acddent-Fre·e Flving Merits R.ibbons NAA~ WHITING PI .m-TllIs di:1)), of PensIKOi:I, redesignated Oil

J ()'14.

*** Thurmon

Wins Chrome Cup

***

During !hi~ period. the "luildroJ1 ~uIlk ~ix .errnan Ll-Ilonts while operaliJ1!! (rom the U SCore and 1). , GiI.l/,d. •• 111.r!. C">LOrt carriers of the All:.tllti,· Fled Anti-Subrnnnne Tusk Group:;.
The text of the itution reads' , For extraordinary heroism in nr t iun :tg,lillSl enemy submarines ill the AlI:lHIk ,lre>!. from July 1'\, 19,1 • to JanuilrJ I G. 1()Jl4. Operating (rom escort carrier-; of Atlantic Fleet Anti -Subrnur ine T Llsk
GrOups, Coml'osite qLJlttl r011 1~ relentIt.!ssJ)' .sough! oul Ute enemy. UJI(jeterreJ b) adverse weather conditions, the piJob

Augusl. has an acuve chapter or Royal Order or Wise Id Owls. CO[Il' po~d of imiructol's with many hours It I their credit smce 1 January J1)/] 6.

VA-114 Searches for New Award VA-llcl~Thls squadron is In the market for II new trophy Idea after its ..outstandin g JJlo_t" swa cd was won for the third uu last lime br it. N. E. Thurmon. The trophy circled the glolx, whtm

One pair of goLd win~ is awurdez] for every 1 oo hour, OnE owl C')r every 00 hours lind a ribbon is added [0 each owl ir the 'i00 hours are accident

_II1U aircrews
hostile

of this sql.l.J(lroll 10!.Jtw concentrations and '1ItiU'ked with LU1H'age and ;ski II. d{';'; roy· t IlIg the -4137 and U-67 in July. the U·I R5 and U-H4 in August. tll~ U-371:l

submarine

) unua

in October,

ry,

19/13, and the U·<; l-i. in 19"101."

be provided

free. At th~' completion of 1,000 hours of nceident-Icee lime. a leiter of comrnendarion from the Chi.t:f f Naval AIr B[L~i( Tcrurung is placed in the the :.qundr<:>H wa~ aboard the 1/"'/'11 instructor's ,arket f1m!;/:' and the award w made Ca.dl Basi,' Tra1r,iIlQ nil One Able hll~ month mgrudleS's of the geographical several !O~trull;rs above till" ] ,0(10 location. EngraVing the name of thl: heurs, Number aile wi i~ Lt. (j~) winl'm~ paOl JlrOVl'd dir11cult if! Honj; Clayton M. Emery with 1)9"1 hOUIS t~ K og because the ·hine~e engraver ther w ill! two owls or (QlIL..! not figure uc the Engl i b 1<lI1~ his (red it. more nrc Bonham, 'C'hlundt, Baker, guagc block letters. Ludwig, eyrnour ,md Uehling. Since rhe squadron bili> ~h'l(1gClI from 5:82( to AD tyj1t.: airc.l,'a(t. I! 1" pllrtil u, l.uly aprroprb e that a nl'\" trophy will New tAG Gets New Planes

sinre Iht'

Quick Eye Spots Plane Fire
Blaze to 'he PlIot £t.TTl.!'-One of lJlIJ; squad. ron's pilots had ;U1it turne r 1)[ ne or lus foUI' engines In rnid ur when Bakerslid J radio called to repo rt. "Civilian ju t reperrs Siec:il~!\' one- or ~ol1r engines on lire." the pilot, taken aback, answered: "CivjIJ.lU1 report corred: have jusL feathered #4 ell,l;!wL" Aircraft under control, Inform AS MOFI'1l'rr returning on three engines." The pilot settled back and be~r(Lrr to wonder. It just wasn't possible th;\l the person on the ground lOLlltl huve o;c n the trouble before h did but it does take time to get a telephone (.IU th rOllgh. The Incident occurred ,lbout Reports VR.),
220(1.

ne olErt:!' With a large family .'>u.g ~eo;ted that 11 washin,e machine with
names s(r~lche\! in the enamel migbt

"Beast" on bLing rarked

It_

II

011

had the'

quadron brains are to devel 1 u new tropby

Civilian

Jax Rec:eives First fleet Squadrons CA ~8._Thjs air group. equipped with [.IV·;;' uud AM's, amcng the newest of NilV~' planes, was rornrrussioncd on '1'5 epternber. Temporarily
based ~t NAAS

be llPllf'oprJate. This suggestion Ius halted committee work n the: project until a delineation in definition between "prartical" and "TOO I'r'lctiu\l" r un be
established.

moved to NA . as
d

are' VV·Sl, Lt. Cdr .. T. Corneliussea, 0: it. ed'r. W_ C. Smith, exec. Vf-Sl. Lt. Cdr. R R. Hein, Jr., 0: ; 1,1. Cdr. 11.. C. Knight exec. V.F·8J, LL Cdr, K G. Burnett. 0; Lt. Cdr_ N. D. Kellogg, exec. VA·8-1. u. Cdr. R, P. Kline. CO; Lt. dr, F. E. tarulring, exec. V A.g-. Lt. cdr. F. B. toile. CO: Lt. Cdr. J p, IvkGtwcm. exec,

Reel un ir Formerly it VhLS headqu,Lrters of the Advanced Air TralT1ill~ Command, 'kipr~I or the nr;\ air grou] [5 Cdr, ItH. Burn . 0 icers of th squadrons

lng the first air !:troup to report to

E NA, Virginia, it JA K~ONVILLE. becos

a

J.•

Marine
j

Air Maneuvers

Set

Carrier Aids Mars Landing
Ship Radar Guides Plane Out of Fog The N.lvy recently made whar mlly have been the first G A water Isnding, usill,!!: 11 artier's sbipQOoUd radar to bl'ing lhe gi.ant Cdl'l'Ilim' Man 111. Isr a landing at .~anta Monica, at, 0 1l:S not to disappoint a N;l\')' Day rrowd, The plane had flown down the pre· cedi11g da.y from AI;II11eda with civir
leaders had

Date~ Fixed for TI'ti,.d Annual Meet Marines have set the dares for UH~II'

maneuver
El Toro,

t).i9 third annual
Calif.

at Cherry Point. N.C..
The cast coast

Marine- Ait Reserve
Jl1d

squad-

Jury

will gather at Cherry Pomt from 16 to ;30 and. those we:;t of the Mi'~slssjrrj at EI Tom Irorn AUgus1 1<\ to 27. The (rair1in~ p,ogram will roHow that OF the past two YC<Jrs which Was designed to bring the men up to dll(e n latest military l11(:tf, JJlJ techn iqu~~. s TIle 1 8 maneuvers were abeut 'it) PClU'ot [)ig~r In the number of' men attending and the Right hours piled up IlC the (WO Sl<lUOnS during the period.
Ii~

r

Hovering

ing test rtdJtd," the wmM' }ir: I ramjel beli((Jpfer, Lillie Hell/'.1' The HID. stit! ill /be Y.1"'/I(!'I~ttll'iI··J lUll/dr. J.r the first JU'(J • (N/glll/:tI helin, pIBr, eirbel' oJ 111.0;(1;
[.711

()~'Ilr 'he NtW)' XHJD-l I;&/i. (Opler m [rou! vi McOrmJlili/ AinN'"f ' /,lalll 'N t, L01l1r ts tlJf! Air FMCe'J "f/).

blankded it

departed Alameda and with the assist· anee of the EO.WI, at GCA was made

passengers. The next d. y it aga

and press ;md mdiomen. Fog the harbor area and the plane to go to San Diego to dj~ embar -

dril'e

hi'll/; wnor bladeJ

if

needed

with therarrier bringing. the down for asuccessfuJ hnding.

plane

12

Guam Ham Radio Helpful
lwei a power of 5UU watts for radio telep'horte In..] I ,n()() warts for

Funds to service lit" building and reo model ic wcr furnished I Bl'Pttll~ on
,I

locker

low basis ami will be l,ald (1:01 ...[ re eipts .

nul of

c.w.

Men Get New locker Rooms
Wave Barracks Moved Over A Mile

MATS Plane Carries 50 Men
Sailors, Soldiers on Hop from Hawaii MATS, HA Au-The brge.t number of ['lit sengC1'5 to lly" the lQng QVC!W.llt;t hop between J-I:l_wllll and the mtu.nJ.Uld in ;1 MAT~ plane made the trip Oil _Aug~1.S121 in Il. ,.Ill 'ilr,l/{) /rqlg/;II!I'. 'he piau carried so pttssengt:r~. plus 11·1j:lOl)nds of airmail. Both Attn) and NlIvy personne] WCI't: carried on the hop in the plane's bucket

A /\N DlIlf;O-A former WAvr~' barracks buiLding i~ now ~tJ:\ ing as .1 deluxe locker lub where enli "hJd mel) wn chJtl;U.: fr(lm un.Ierm tel civiliun doth,- . Bllt tl«, ,!<!~ttjll~ 01 he club j .. ~lll.:
CHiEf

cox

5£NDS MESSAGE

'OR

SEAMAN

JOSEY

VR.6, G IIM-A ttfcat morale booster on Guam hu been the ham radio tarion K(;r.f1., opllr,lted by C, W. ox. R M. 01 this MAT': <quadron. lu addilicn IIJ 10(";11 lndti(, 11~ ll(mJled rnes• <tgC!> for any q,l(Jon III the Pacific and
.lI.tw as
;t

seats, Although it is c pubic of carryillj:(

go.bctwc.-en

between

n1l'f1

here ;lnJ their f.urdlic· in the stares, lf station c.oulJ 1101 work direr! to 10(.lb on J:c.~i ed. Klil)tJ I worked r II <; J r"'.1V A.. ll.I1 CXUltlplt: of this. Chid Cox k pt touch With \'(Ii'J"Q III EH:rcU, ash .• und lI1I\O'1 In icsbaderi, Gt'rml1.nj', to re,lay mess,IW'~ for Iarnilies r C.5-1 Provisional roup left in A1u;k:l when husbands were Iransferred from to German}T for P'U)]I! I vua.: id cornmun i arion W:lS carried on between husband' and wives over this
Co'); had J. rudio telephone contact with the st.:ttt-s 10 udd mo.re to "all the convenrences of home" for the boys 011 Guam, Messages, of route, 'hief

SECllON

0F. IlARRACKS MOV.S

DOWN THe 5l'REEl

,uiJ moving epcrutions rcndurtc 1 under direction of Cur. '\ F Wt:sanen. pubIII

~!ory_ Funds {m n;"locatll1~ one or tht \\'In_cs of the barracks all ;Illother part 01 1111;' 'tJtion \>IN erure I from BIJAEtl

I 3~ pe.rSODS. the' plane is not flown in' the },'fATS Pacific al\'isiOn service WIth full load be LIS passenger conI eruenccs aboard are not insblllG:d fm llLlt number . (The Nav)' still hajj!> the record /01 nurnlxr of persons between Hawari ami an Fr,mci.ico, set 011 12 April jl)46. whc 11 I 00 hosp I tal pauents, (pl u,. ~llill 11l~~li.al auendanr and J (r"v. nl I I Bl'w t.1 t III the 1-1,11/'111 /11,lil )

COlH<;e.were sent rree of charge to any
place in the CItes and an answer ob-

works officer. The win}\s of the- barrucks were cut Into four slidion,. each weighing about -<iO tons. They were moved 6.200 reel and . d to pla.ce ,It piers and K. At Ortc IOcatiQn. in lhe m(wi.ng orcrat.fan. a clearance at less than one foot was, available, which required almost pn:. cision rnaneuvenng of moving elj!,IJr' menlo

J

rained within 24 hour. Usually the message was sent dire 1 to the city desired but if 24 hour service was necessary, a station D arest the desired 10cation had to be contacted and the relephone charge forwarded to the recerving 'tll.tion. Text. me.'i.~ages sent contained ('veI)'~hi() from chit-chat to sailing orders and de:J.t.hs. One Sunday afternoon ~Gc,Dl handled SIX messages coneero inl't death 0 r tt uarn -station ed 111lU1'S\Vl Ie in I'lle states, Full in fa rrnaHen was obtained as to how, when. where, ,111d what h~ppelt~J, \~11~l.'re the body W:lS located and dl$.[1osJtlOo ilnd care of the children, hief Cox works closely with the chaplain and American Red Cross; in such cases, 10 givt' an idea of the volume of he handled, duriJl~ Augll t Chief sent 352 messages am.I received ·11 n, He made.30 radio telephone contacts, for.~ grand total of !066 messages and his total operating hours were 300, ab ut 10 hour a d. y. KG6D I

A DAY IN THE LIFE OF AN LSO
VMF·115. PI\PF1C~A couple of stories out of the landing ignal omcer's book aboard the eVE Rendoo«; tory OUI! -A pilot had taken ,! wave-off onhh lirst pas due to a f ule 1 deck and had retracted his gear and IIIrcsting book. He Fa.iLed to lower hk; hook 011 the next pass, recerved ,\
.u.t from the LSO, made a nOl't-uaj lundSlnr' Tu}o--During carrier opcm· t ions. " pilot .making an approach fa

or

lng and

rolled

up the deck iota the

barrier. a.id the L O: "The air department, being 5hurt of per~"Mlel, :bSIg.J.1cJ me ;! mun Irnm gunnery department Ih m, wheels-and-hook lIpt'lltel. A fter I lit ,1 {(iciem, I\~' !itawcl. rhat -he t(,j~ me, 'I Jl\n't thJllk the hook is down.' ince It WJS wlm.!) IU1d nQ~y. all ( heard W!I$ the ·d...,w,' .wJ lunded rnl' uirrrafl." This accident made uch an impres-

siou on ODe pilot that when corning aboard later, as the hook skipped. a. wire ,lfler he wa on the deck. he automarically reached (or his book lever )tUit as he- hooked the next wire.

land started to settle at the ramp in II flat attitude. The L 0 gl;l:.ve hi111 j\ 'come on," which ht· answered S:Lt" [,1. 10rily but faiLed to pick up his nosi., The p]an:e C.lUl1t" OVer the ramp so- low thai the L 0 ha!.l to gj"c th pilo~ it cut asthe lesser of two evils. A wave-off at sudl a low altitude bove the dt:ck probably wOI,hl 110'1; Ilh? hook. 10 (;"0 ga~e It wire and slam the plane uito the port r,th alk, The pilot held o1f on hIS landing jU.~l . hove the deck until the ttircraft passed n umber six wire, The hoek ca.ught seven wire and pulled out enough cable so that the a.rcraft crashed ioto the barrier. Moral of this story-Dol/', gl!f low ,md fl'll 4tJd Newt' bold 0 Jf 011 (I ",trrier tanding. Y ou'll lire lrmge-r fhiJ 'way,

13

Restricted

THE IRON A
he was smt earthward, the 111;111 wa given d"s advice by St. Peter: "You've gtU to make n name for yOU1' elf. Be card ul 00 this wine-women-and-song stufi., and foe heaven's ake, keep away from those Army pilots or I'll never let you back up here, Find some clce re pecrable Navy pilots:' And that's ho ..... it llappenod thai the Iron A1tg I, 11 bu.zz boy from wa}' back, joined VF·14. At least, that's till! squadron's story aoJ tlley lick to it. The precise date of the r 1'011 Angel' J .UliIiation with VF-l·f is not given in the squadron history, bur infernal evidence indicates that the oat f the commisionillg - September I, L943 - marks the Iron A;7gllf'J' U'J>ort to 1lCtive dllty. His unbreakable spirit guickly inspired the fighting men of VF~l.l so that they
IlH)IU:

GELS-VF-14
the ship .. nly .3 gallons of gas were left when be landed! More excitement was added when II. JlIP plane entered the Wasp l:Ulding circle and made two passes before disappearing into the night. He could not

B Iron

of Lr. Cdr. E. W. Biros, USNR, arrived to tangle with the enemy in the outh Pacific, they had gone through a period o training wgclber at Quon et, Norfolk and .Bt sea. On 15 Mnr 1944, they left Majuru aboard the IfYll.1P as part of the FiFth Fleet. Wake and Marcus, 19·2 May, pwvi.ded a quick, but hard!), full-dress, rehear al Ior war, Skipper Biro' division -p!nshed one BeM)' off Marcus, and the <'IIIR<'[1 delivered their bomb with an efficiency that had hardly been expected f novice. La k of aerial oppo ition made it a day at W:l.ke. Over Tinian the l Ifh of June, Lt.

too became II'OIl AI/gilli. By the time vs-r under the ommand

dest royed f'lanes on the g.round. In the next two days, the squadron suffered th-e loss of two pilots to AA tire. At the Marianas "turkey shoot" the. !.9tballd 10th of June, the lrou AI/geff were there in foecc, TIle first morning of these memorable days, five divisions of fij.,"hl'N~ were" rambled" and in the melee lhat followed, VF-li accounted for 11 lighter, dive bombers and torpedo planes shot down, 1 probable and ~ ,1 maged, An order to launch .a strike against the JapanESE Fleet came in the afternoon. Thereupon began One of the loneesrrier-b:tscd over-water strike ever made-150 miles round trip, The Iron A'lgels acted a escorts for the bombers and torpedo pllUles. At the target, the fighters strafed the DD's in order to .silence AI'-.. tile. During the attack. - Z8:kt!J attempted intercepticn, and the Angels shot down all five',

be b)'ol1t!bt sboard
N TH: W

have his hook down!

because

he did 'I

y bad Iniwetok, the O Task Group aerial to Pagan I land. attacked Encountering no oppo ition,
VF·14

nerd

Irsl plane. a F/"mct!.r. 10 the outhern half of Tininrr, the squltUroo's designated huntmg ground. there was 00 neri.il opposition. so VF-H strafed and

(jg)

J.

D. Stokes on CAPpiashecl

his

a best they could just as it was beginn,ing to gel dark. Many of the bombers were forced to make water landings as lbey L'Ul nut of gas, some of them within sight of the Fleet .li,ghted up to receive them, Five of thee Iron /],if!.1J1J made ,it b"ck to other carriers. Heaven helped the Iran Angel who landed safely itboardthe Still ,.Ieimo, He id it without compass or genefatElr operating in his: plane and without sig. na! officer, bar Fier or landing lights 'On

climax of was BUT 'rHEhomeward tJ1Cactionjoined the long trek. Fighters, bomber and torpedo planes up

fighters devoted themselves to the art of ·tmfing and silencing most of the AA p os i t ious as well as setting fire to medium, AK's and numerous trawlers. The Fourth of July d;d not pass uncelebrated, 0 er the Bonin. the Iron Allgell knocked down 1) enemy interceptors, probably destroyed one. and damaged 5 more. Ensigns A. C. Nisi and J. H. Dougherty were downed in action, On another strike the same day, one destroyer was blown up. another set afire and an AK severely damaged. Next on the schedule was [he softeniog up of Guam and the air support of the landings. The heaviest blow to the squadron was the loss of Lt. Cdr, Biros, No ooner had Ll. W. Q. Punnell been made acting CO of the squadron than death struck :again on 2) Jilly, On the fi rst fighter sweep Over the Palau Jslands, Lt. Punnell \\InS lost to AAfirc. the hea""ies~ ana rna t accurate yet eorounlered. Lt. F. E. Standring's plane WILS also hit, but he. was able 10 baH orrt and was rescued the next day, It. R. trauh and LL Og) P. K. Heerwa teamed up 1"0 knock down the on.ly airborne plane in the Mea, :t Rttfe. A number of Boat planes and fiying boats were b mbed and strafed by the raidiug planes,
Rt!Rt.rfotea

14

ter thi op erati on , the Task Force to Eniwetok f r tirne our, VF-!.! as part of the Third Fleet returned 0 alan 6 epternber to cmga~ in prc'asion softening-up bombing and sttag missions. Here YP-14 used napalm bombs for the 6rst time.
returned

ed [or .hve 01 U1C enemy's planes III one' engagement, which au ornatically placed him in that .select circle of Navy ace who sh t JOWll 5 planes in one da '. Second B~tL1c Phj_li~Ipmesouth Taskintercept o~Japtheunits diea, Group was veered to al·
N.THE

~8,1

tacking our forces in the Leyte area, The afternoon of 25 October. Vl'"-I-t bombed un cl & trafed :t J a p su r face force o f 1 .aerial 0Ppo ition over southern Minwarships off ian Bernardino traits. danao and damaged OJ;" destroyed a numthereby -reducing the volume of AA lir(; bet of plane on tile ground. The Jack which \\'};IS intense and accurate, of defen e indicated that he eaemy had The (text day a earch, 11 fighter sweep been caugllt off guard. In the cent! 1 and three strikes were launched ~lg.ainst Philipprnes, however, the Japs put up the enemy who ~ 11 retreating westward. some opposition, giving the Aligels the Two Helens were splashed on the chance to add 11 more planes to their search, but the figbter "SW"Cepnrnuntered e bAg as well as damage to 8 others. (10 aerial op[,osition. A number of vr-l raised havoc with snipping, sink. planes were t1cstroyed by strafmg on ing and dam'lglng several AK's, AO's and smaller vessels. drys with attacks 011 the flee~ both Legaspi Field. During the Issr strike, the torpedo planes which had fallen TI') the Vjsaya~ and at Manila 21-24 nights. The Canbel'l'lI and the Hauston behind enroute to the buget were jUIDPeptember, the lron AlIgqIJ provided W~IC hit. cover for the bombers and torpedo ed by !:nemy lighters, D. jg) E, J. treeter tore into three Zek(!J and shot planes and made a few strafing attacks 1'HI1 l~th, Task Group 38.1 on their own. During one day antistayed tID GOVer the retirement of down one before his own plane was hit. more RUacking planes were shipping strikes agaiase rhe Visayes the crippled cruisers while the rest of Thre \11'-1,; ran up this score: 1 DE (er small the task orce went SOUUl to refuel and splashed, and none of the torpedo planes wa lest to the enemy. DO). I medium AK, And 1 small escort commence attacks on Leyte, The enemy On j cvernbcr, just before the Iron vessel sunk; 1 MIB, I DE and 1 memade II determined attempt 0 !in-ish off dium AK eVl.Wely damaged; and an es- the battered cruisers and ent ~ttacking /ll/ge!f were ordered home, they cort vessel damaged._ launched an attack ~gajnst the installaplanes in force, The lro» Allget.r ripped After striking Okinawa on the 10th into the Cray, downing 31V:! 1,l!l.IlES in II lions in the Clark Field area. They October, VF-I+ engaged in the Forfurious two-hour melee, a Fleet record downed 21 planes and damaged another, 0511 on laught 12-1) October. On the for the number of enemy planes shot destroyed or damaged L27 aircraft 00 first day, the Iron Angels accounted for down by One squadron in .II. single en- the ground. Tragically they lost One of 10 enemy "gnters shot down, 1 probgaJtemenL A a result, four pilots ad- their Qui tandin~ leaders, Lt. Koigllt, ably destroyed and . damaged. All thi, Three more pilots became aces in hi. justed their halos to au angle uPl'ropriwas tIl addition to the plane de "trayed ate to aces: W. M. Knight- • M. Revel, last action: R. C. West R. A. Taylor jr., and L. A. Dewing, At variou: airfit"lds and S~ bases, J. D, Stokes, and . W. Huffman, Jr. hflt nigbt the Task Force was under The ottginal fro II Allgel sent this Returning to the Philippines, VF-IJ aerial altn,:k (rom dusk throu~h most of launched two fighter weeps in Central me$sage to St. Peter: "On this tout, We the n ighl. PyroLechnically the scene wa destroyed or d smaged 721 a irplanes, Luzon 011 18 October and knocked down never to be forgQtten-fl:ues from J.lp'a:nk 36 ships, damaged 82 more, and ] 6 Jar fighters. probably destroyed one anese ~'InJ1CS, flashes the -inch guns more, and damaged another. When. Lt. destroyed 91 ground instnil;ilious. E,igbt of us are aces, \'q,e've earned our wings and their shell bursts, JIlP planes explod(j,g) W_ E. Schmidt, his second section ing and burnin,g on the water. 'The leader was shot down, Lt. E. B. Turner and used them. Why noe give es credit battle continued on the second and third became all avenging AlIgd ill')d accountand SIlY ·Well Done'?"
00

thePhilippine Islands MOVINGinlOAngel! encountered area, the

O

or

SEVEN 0r

YF.l4'5

fiGHT

AC1JS WEAR THE RA.DIANI SMIlE Of VICTORY

15

Rfl.8tricted

RES ARC
CorrH:1I Ae r o n aut il..tl 1 boratory, JIlL.-theory to shop to ph:mc-rvt' rlllg .~ gond Illany hazards und irnperfcctieas

TAKES

WINGS

I

T'S A

continuous

triple

phy .rt tho:

ill the aviurion
work

game. And this 'lame
on in rile Itcrnate

team

goc-

division» of the luhonltnry {oop(!r:uin_g to being lD winners in th form ot new develop, ment in nernuaurical rien ·c. Naval aviatron, !;ogetuer with the ALr Force anJ civilian aviatien, is taking advantage of the faciJitit:S f thi loboratol'Y

rarnes,

with

the various

the n111ftnry contract now being handled by the Cornell Laboratory, the Navy's share is 64%. In AuJitioJl to projects actually ontract-sponsored. iherc is much pctentia] b("nc-!'i-t to naval r. tory. some If them well-ad anced, uthers still iII the "glt"am-ln-lhe-eyt:" ~tll:geof development. A visitor touring- the Cornell Aeronauti JU Laboratory eels like u specturor .!t !l. three-nng circus. There's just tOQ much goirlg 011 for the unin itiuted 10
,l:\rIl'1'.

or

fc r

loug-temt

research

prOIt; .ts,

aeronautics in th ... internal researchproI~lt- initiarcd by the staff of the labo-

TUNNEL AT CORNEll

~

AERON.AUTICAl LABORATORY, INC., CAN GENEllATE WINDS Of OVE~ 700 MPH

l

Prom the depths

of

the

huge

wind tunnel to the precision f rnimalure rowe r p lan t s for ~(-.1 le model planes: r rom t.'g.gs being ,wung agnil'ls!pndde t bulkheads to the intrlCucies of pa1'!e-lollg muthematical c\jw!lions - it aIL adds up t a rornprehensive program or re'C'3fch plus practLcal application which i proving invaluable to both
ivil aviation. The 'ornell Aeronauticul Lsborntory, Inc, carne inrn bein/-: in 19,(j6 \ hen UH: urtlss-Wi'ight .orporation dt'eJeJ to Cornell Umversity Ihe physic;u ,at:iLitlt's its A ir['l,l!l~ Division He enrch Laboratory Jt Buffalo, .N. y, The gift inrluded u modern [aburat ry building and it surrounding property, technical I:: qui P mel] I and m at e n a Is. CurtissWrif!ht also contrlbuted rtllld~ to com-

ished wind tunnel. In addition, substsntial ,onlribu~ion~ to ;'I working c.a:pitid fund were made by seven other aircraft manufacturing companies. Although Cornell [J11iw!rsity i. ~"t()d ..holder of the labofilto.ry eorporetion.

di\,L:;iQn. AIL of these departments work in ceor di na t i cn 011 lny problem as needed, with one department basical Iy responsible. For ,I big pc Ialized proj ect, such .15 the guided missile PJ:ogr.!
.1 coerdinaror is asslsned the overall reponsibility for intt'grating the work.

Illilitary lUlII

and there is much reciprocal cooperstioll. the- Ruffwo .ldi,·jt}, is an ind J"end. ent, self- ufficicnt org3nization. lr !Jpcrates on ,1 non-pro1i! b.a:;is, with the mom~}' .earned {fonl cost-plus-fee l·pn· tract going back into rcsr:.arch pr:oJccts. Work at the LJ.bQfalory is carried on br ~ight d~rartmt'llt.s o'rganized binder three J11:1in dlvi,ions, '[1,,· llisht and
tunnel division inccrpcrutes wlnd tun-

T

at (.A.L, IIr~' workin§: OTl 111ref' dlffcrcnt l ypc'S of pro jects: J. pccial tasks contracted for by the military services or by aircraf com1,tnieS_These Me handled on a ost-plllS
I-l F ~CJEN·ttS'l'S

or

nel opennicn

,1I1,j

t~;ght research,

UncleI'

the research JiV[:Sl,on are aero-mechanics, aerodynarni r ese.r r ch , materials, and

plete

" n~tturlion

Qf the Iht'o

unfin-

engif1eering physics, This divisien also has cogn izance of ~pt:'c'ial pro j eels, Developmeat (.'ngi11(,'e!ing il.1111 experimental l'rl,gineer_uj,g rail under the development

nel for the istemer's benefit. '- Interna! research projects wherein he t&~h11 idans have ti chan <; (0 !.ct thernaelvcs goon self-in.!lpired lines 01' work. posslbly Je\1clopingome iJe,L till overe ..1

the of the eonrrartor, 2. TCliIing services, .such as wind tunnel or ultitud", chamber re .~. using the special hi berate ry fa i1ft ies :tl1d t hI in {·ll pI: rso11·

!:lca~,,~and the properly

results

of till; research

ure

EXPERieNCED MODEL SHOP ICRAfTSMEN

WO"t( W~TH 11<Ilt ANI» PRECISIONI

lAIl'S

OWN SHOPS MAKE PILQT MQOEU

010 LABORATORY DEVelOPMENTS

16

while at work 011 another problem. Resldts of such research, made possihle by the opcraliug fUllds and [a ilitie~ f the '.~tni2atk)n, are published as ronl ribu-llS to human knowledge, ihre the laboratory's set-up includes complete provisrcns [or fHght teo tinM, there is ,\ very real consolidation of thc<>rr and pracrice. The men who dream up the rJea.!l !jet.: thelt brain" children put to work ripht Oil the spot:.

?! M ~Pt'ct:lc~lar. variable den -ny. A.L closed-circuit, smgle.tetu:fO wind
I)9r J_! .• plt:CI! ~gulpm~tlt
l$

tlie

tun-

The tunnel has an 0 erall length 17~ [e~1. overall width of 8I [eel, an I .1 maximum height of 3f, feeL frOID the ground. It h - fin SY2·foot by 1~· foot rest chamber which perrnits testirlg J_ model f 10- 'oot 'pilll .It air peed .. from )0 to 750 mpb , The runnel cnn be orer.tted by It crew or rhree from 3 Ltrgc. console, Data J rom the tu nnel tests are 1 unched OIl illM cards for a !"crmR.l1ent record ,loti. Iuture IUlaly~ili. pet-~,L1.rigging platform. which ~:lfI he moved in and out the working s.enlOIl of the tunnel, speed up the testill/! schedule, since the pr-eliml"aty rigging 011 tesl s coming up CUD be done outside the lest chamber while the runnel is in US!:. The [<op cf the 6~!:dng tfcrm, or transFer cart, forms the Or of the working section. It carries with it tilt' m del up p o r t iug struts. R;ti~illg 0 the Irausfer (~litt floor disen.g.lg(:s the support $ystem Irorn the metricul yslem lind provides clearance lor the transfer curt to. be moved out. TIle test .hsmbec can be isolated from th rest 01" the tunnel du t by lo k g:lte,~. This arrangeoren , unique to thi~ tunnel .UIJ it~ mate al the California lo,br-u:k f Technolcgy. 111ows pressure l

or

nel,

to be rnaintaineo in 90% 0 the total tunnel vulurne while the chamber ltselr is isola-ted, d eccm p r e ssed , and th~ model serviced or lhanged. Models for testing in the wind tunnel Me proclu 'ed righI' .tt the I,lboratof)' in one of the best model shops in e~j [ence, The shop, manned by highlyskilled craftSflH:-n, I1I~o turns out ro- dels for aircraft cornpames on order. Pewered-model testing is an Inleresring phase or th(! work at C.A.L, To determine ill addition to lift and drag, the beh~w;or or ;1 plane Ufulcrtht: forces impos<.:d by its engine mini. lure power plarus .rrc installed rn orne of the medel aircraft. An electric motor. is used in place 01 .1 b'll~ L:Tl,!{iIlC. [_[ the model i L/10 the size ()f the full cale plarre, the I repeller will pel /l(J the d fllmeh·r of the actual propeller. Its ~pt;tJ Olll$, be .I 0 times peater in order to main lain the model propeller tip speed ,H the same value r ~ that of the

AN UPSTIIEAM

VIEW

OF THE WIND

TUNNEL

FAN

or

tile Cornell Laboratory equipment 111cl udcs smaller subson k, transonic and superson rc runnels for reSC3rch pu rpo. cs. The lY!-inch by 7-inch ~Ilpcr~onl tunnel achieves ~I(l air speed of Mach 1.7 er ,rpproximlltely 12 0 mph,

technique ro which the lllbor!ltoty has m..de considerable contributions •• allows graphiL rcc o rd in g of sh o« k W,IVC, created b) airfoils at upcrsonic .. eed. p Research on the bu ilding of superSOllie tunnels inc identally, i~ sn itnrort::mt pro.jttl't at C.A.t. A stuuy or the .Ii r ex('h~nge problems ill tun nels is underway, since gcttiog aid of combustion products of Jet buminr: j a major Jifficulty. To solve I-bis ~ClvcnJ!ing problem, extensive o rnp a r.u iv c studies of conventional and regenerative type W inJ tun 11th are being made.

Apparatu

for Schlieren photography_

a

DOOR Of ALTlIUD~

CHAI\'lIiIEII: HAS JUST OPENED

full calc propeller, [[ the rated speed of the actuiil propeIleE is 900 tpm.thc model must run at 01)00 rpm. °ra!."t limitatioas for the lugh [J;equcncy motors used in these models cue quire severe. On the III 0 cale m del, for install((', if the nacelle Irenral di~ arnetcr is 11:0 inch"". the model can DC !iJnly , inehes, Tf th out-put or the Cull ~GdC" engine j~,1tWa hp, the mouel must be IS lrp. It's quite a trick to build an LR hp m ter with a diameter of -1 inches, Motors of ()1 is type arc \\',UCJ'cooled; air cocling .IS not prnctiCi.lblc. because Ure- discharge f air produces a jet effe l in ,ialldl1Ling tbe llccuracy or the test resu lb. The model meters are tailer-made. Speeda as high as 81l,OOO rpm at 0, I hp and J o/i illches J iarnetel' have been _pro"icit<d. In IldJition to the large wind tunnel,

H I Hl~ Mj~Cfl division i~ workjL1~ (Iosdy with B( AE"I\ 01] propuLsion theory aud experimentation, uceutrating on ramj!:'t and pulsejet il1VC ti~a· lion s, This lon~~~c.tmresearch lUIS many

T

[ucet '.

The material

ing 30% its work on this Navy prole-d, Its high temperature metallurg

or

department i

00'110'

do-

pFOg!<UU is inve-stigating ramjet cornbusrion chamber materials fo ~ shock Clod tensile properties Itt extremely high temperatures, Ccnaiderable work is bejog done Oil experiments with ce~ami' (;Oatir~B for metals. Another phase i the invesclg tien of the prorNties 0 hyuJ'llulir !Iuicis and lub nica tio g media in an attempt to J r h I ev e non-inllurnrnnblc h yd raul ic Eurds, lubnca.t1ng Hulds and Il.lbril:ll.ting metheds for jet engiacs. inc€: lubricatiog 111m breaks down ill' .htg~ temperatures, eornpourrds are hemg Introduced to build tiP temperature eesistance.

17

Res/,'idea,

DR.

f. P.

WRIGHT

ILl; DR. C. C. FURNAS

HOlOS

PLASTIC

HEAD

FORM

a "head impact investigation·' sponsored b the Offu:e of Naval Research, This proje l is concerned with collecting dar" Oil the {Dr~'e delivered to the head (')£ pilot or pas.seogt'J during an airplane (rash by vatlous stru ture found in an airplane cockpit. The data are being used to develop trudural parts that will proviae the safest contact surface during the crash period. The project is part of .1 broad air safety research pt()g~lIm in which ornell University and its Medical College at New York- have

fl..

AMbNt; many project' 8oit'l.g fOfwud under the development division i:.

1. Not infrequently the pilot or pas5C-'I1~er get~ U:~1 and walks away. wit'ho\ll injury, from ,I crash in whicb the air-

were investigated in the course of the ~IUdy, brjf1~.iog out two importan t t.'1cts:

been participating. L hundred private

plane

crashes

plane has been almost completely demolished. 2. Most of the farnlities in
airplane crashes are .1U ~l by mjuries LO the head. Si oct: 75 ';f.. of c rash in-

the object of make the airhead. simulate the human head in initial ex pc r i IDeo t s wasn't difficult. Ordinary hen eg-g:;. filled the bill for, like the human head, th!-'y arc roughly ellipsoidal objects consisting of II hard, though somewhat fl<l~Ue sbell, filled with a semi-fluid medium. on quently, quite a few W-a-do.z:en eggl:i got bounced around as a sacri6_ce to human safety, From eggs, tIle experimenters pro-gr_es ed to 9V2-pound plasti hell

iurie:; are head injuries, the C.A.L. research i to plane structure safe for l'1ndjng an object to

Another ,~Ircety program which the Cornell Laboratory has carried out under Navy r;ontra,t is an inert gas project for reducing aircraft fire hazards, ince exhaust gases have most 0 the oxygen removed, they are suffocating to ,1 flame. 1f exhaust gas is coeled and the corrosive by-products of combustion condensed out, the inert gas fed into the higbly combustible area around the fuel tank acts as a protective blanket ready to smother a.ily' incipient flame. 111C installation made on a Navy PB4Y-2 was divided into two phases: Incding the wing and fuselage mnk:s; inecting the !ipacc around the tanks 10 ide the wings, The system was given several hundred 110mb of operntil'lg "lime in all types of rnnneuvers, TIle testing included instrumentation with devices to show tile combustibility of the air at all times, and freedom from carbon monoxide in the inhabited port-ion of t'he plane, Results of the experimentation indicate that the installation is both fea ible and feel-proof. It requires only about 50 pOL.l1lds of extra wcig~lt for the inerting process and uses onlv a small

amount of the exhaust gases. Further study is anticipated on extending the inerting procc!)s to the engine nacelle paces as well as the fuel area. Fire control intere r also has LeJ the C.AL. sci~nlisls into research on the best way For a transport plane to carry its fuel in order to cause least fire hazard in case of a crash. They are indined to give the nod to super wing tip tank" keeping the fuel far away from the fuselage. 0 far it's only 11 paper stud}', an examp Ie of the ia t e r n a l research that often pays off in futnre aeronautical progress. Projects of the development division [a,mi(y in many directions. They . dude, for example, WOrk on hydrnu tubing 11ttings in an effort to develop a fitting that will be fillid-tjght under 311 conditions and keep stiffness strain to ,t minimum. A vib raticn t(')rquc: wrenrh has been developed for use in making fuel and hydmuli lines properly 'nug through more uniform tIght. c:nfng of firtings. part of the effort of th flight divi ion is devoted to problems or dynamic .stabJlity of aircraft, Wmkiog from the premise that HD aircraft is a "spring" system rather than . rigjd body, Cornell Laboratory engiLARGll

A

neers are e08l!Sed in an extsasive

study

lilled witb a geJatiillol.l.Smaterial.

This

IT"Jsile, approx1mll~e!)' the same shape and weight as the human bead and developed to gi e the 'am effect on the airplane cnc kp it structure, is thrown into the L'::,S[ pitnel> with velocities up to 15-0 {t.jsec.- by a catl1p'ult built at the experiments is to replace lethal harp edges in the cockpit WIth fiat, yjeiding, energy-absorbing materiills, if po sible,

laboratory. "The ultimate goal of the e

THIS,

ONE DIDN'T

SlJRVlVE

of stresses of e: irplancs in test flights- by means of r dlo and television telemetering. Automatic control. in the form of medified automatic pi l ets, is used throughout the flight F'Iogrll.m. By applying predetermined and repeat. ble control motions while the response of the airplane is simulta'l'Ieously recorded tluough telemetering, it is possible to gel accurate Jata on behavior of the plane in ilight. Da t'.t 01:1. tl.utte r charade r ist ics a gathered at .A.L. both through wi tunnel in vest i rat ions and in actual flight. A.irfoils nre oscillated ill the 12foot tunnel while stresses are measured accurately by the recording devices. 11\
Bes"t1'ictad

18

constant regardless of changes in power requirements rellulhog from cliuAges in rotor pitch, maoeuversor changes in enginc operating cOIuiitions. 1l1.iS gOv-

em Or, installed on a Bell 4i'A is ptoviag highly.surcessful in simplifying helicopter flight. The second helicopre.c project is Qn rotor bl~IJes of lam,inated. consttUcti0'n
fibergJa.~ and balsa wood.

combining with
AIRFO,ll PHOTOGRAPHED IN SUPERSONIC TUNNEl

The blade 'project

is. kilJl[tS t:w.o birds,
SHOCK W"VE PA:TTERNS PROVIDE: Rf5E,llRCii D,Q,YA

the flight

installed

i!1 plarres to induce Hutter,

tC.$ting, vlbrutors

have

been

one srene, since the investigation laminated construction possibilities gpe, hsnd in hand with study to deter-

of

of the actual flight- experlmentation have showed that' pre· ,.tOUS esei mutes of fl utter dlJ.raderi.'itk~, mathematically arrived PJ. hnve been overly conservative, and I"!;<!ctinll informauon has been. gained 011 the l'aJidily of Ihm",r.prcevelltive measures, Flutter

.1\...

nH"LJ i.rs

mine the optimum bending :ltiffness of rotor blades, The researdl blades conJitructed and Rigbt rested at the labors~ory mcorpoeate bulle-in steain gages rcg istcri ng at 24 di!ft'[ent shtj.1Lons orr the blade. Re,le\~ngs in terms of reSIStance data feed into ;\ 5pecially designed instrumentation <issernb)y located above
.the rotor hub, whence they 'are telemetered to the ground control, unscram-

Research

mIt! ('xper!J1ltlnMrion

is in

problems of supersonic rnissile control and ~tilbjlit)'. The program, UUU"'f the research division. includes the development lest facilities fe, missiles, Shake tables. for example, have been designed to produce: vibration simi-

progre·ss on

or

ll.!Hllysi$ experimentation at the luboral0~y bt'_g'ln· several yta.r~ ago as part of .I project aimed at determining safe limits in dive speed for the S.Ble. ChJef test J?ilot [or the flIght re5eo.vch
department is

h<.:cn with the J3uffaJo organi.::atloll
194.'1. A~si1ltarlt test pilot, Ldf

John

.

Seal who

bas

bled, alld. analyzed. The sets of experi. mental rotor blades constructed for this project {Hiler in R.exibil.ity. Whn~ tbe contour of th.t hlade~ Iii the same, the intern al d~1lsi ty varies,

expected in night ·equiva[cIlLs of missile control systems-are being delar to the shaking
veloped adjustable SimuJ.Iltors~ellrthhound to different missiles.

Considerable thou,ght is ~oin.g into problems ofairemft trackill1:l and interep!ion. The engineering physics departrnent's research along sut:h lines us

since
Larsen,
Oil

inridC'.ht;lIly.
out

W'a:;

a Navy pilot throughwith
VB·S the

tlte

Will,

servil1g

T

HE

·rEL.EMFrmtJNG

~ystem

'orlaoum

NAT
half,

'''/'i.1. He

P.... 'i'I.JXIlNT

and with VB·Ison also was witb fli~ht

for

:1

year J:nd

the 1.11· Test itt
,I

, the Right re s eurch prngramnr C.A.L was developed l;Iy t'he labomtllJ'}' engineers working under a Na.vy contrnrt. After eval:ua:tinl; various methods,
they developed two s}'stemlY for transmitting and recording test data: radiotele-metering for recording I(]'piclly vaey·

u~1KI

target
in

location, plolhng,.

and homing

devices ~olving

The rest pilots at the Cornel! AeronilULkal Laboratory have ;1 chan>=e to work out in 11 variety of aircraft, both Air Force and Navy n:lOd:els. Hellecprers, too, have (",me in (Qr their shire of Hight testing. Two major projctt5CUl fActors in h e l iroptc[ design have received tile join] attention of several depaUml.!"ot5 a', CA..t,
Jesigned

ing strains, accelerations and pressures Mi may be encountered in f[ igM; lind television-relcmetcrlng, which may be w.:l'ed slmu-lt.meoll'5.I)' with the first system for recording ~ large number of .slowly chi! ngi 118 \'11. ri·abl e s. Rel iable
such means of providing instantaneous recep-

holds potential value toward the ta:o,gles of air traffic control. One of the busiest places nt ./LL. is the pilotshop v.:hichtl,lrn$ ou! e-xpenmental test and pilot models 01 laborateJ}' developments. h isa I undamental part in the overall plan nf an organiza· tion which aims !It combining theory

and ap f ashion.

r lio

l i0 11

In

ji

very priu:'tical.

to

Toe first is a rotor (ol1~[Ql
maintain, the engine speed

tion Of] the Bround of test data from an airplane in flight hss been an. invalutl,ble conlrlbution to ae til nautica I progress.

President of the Cornell Acronautk:aI Lahorsrory, lne., is Dr. T. P. \Wright of Cornell Univetsiry. well-known in aviaticn drcle~. Executive vice-president and director is Dr. C. C. Furnas, formed)' with the engineering school of Yale U1'l.II'erslty and a. member of the National Defense Rese,w,n Committee.

VIEW

OF STATIC

TEST AREA A'f C.A.L

SHOWS

f.tlU ItEAD'Y fOR

IE5TlfoIG

19

Much Ado: About A Drone
i a sad stubborn Ii herman, a al'X larget drone and 1I. couple of ~asl'taJkJ11~ officers-but rea·d On. It iU.ltook plare Off U1E~ outhern California COast It. (jg) L B. DiJ'a.· puli, O-in·C of a drone unit, lost his little red ta_nget plane ill the overcast 'I hile 0perlltrng with tile CV '1 arauia,
l}TWING.

lion ne\~Spflper,

0)171,111.

Lt. (j!!)

DOlI

story

PACI~I ~-This

bout

It

\'(/. V. ~Lwnoll. A(j\1M, went into the water and -to seconds after the news reached Ow Ll') I lL (J,l:t) William . Sdraufler, bcli.coj rer pifo" had started out to resew: the ' men,
The hehrcpter was u half-mile
,1\1'11\'

Edge JJld hi ... rrewrnau,

Edling La locale it, he popped the rerove.!]' parachute' und it came ,JOWLl near

the carrier.

tollowin,4 'There ,~ on r<.'(""l;'cy

opinion
.1

was received:

Sqlladroll Seven, U1RELE . E Russ, _got ,I "hone call frorn a Mr. lint, OJ: filihe:rlllilll, who reported be b,rd recovered the missing plane.
Russ went

ear hers failed to find it ill the wale'; and another pi/me was "s r.ltl:hed." That oi;.:ht the duty officer of Utility

IJ $2 ~ l11a k ol torpedoes. hut apparently rJlI<Lt: is 1]'1 pr.)I'ls"," mcde ~ r recovery of drones, ,ln,l neither Ile!l1 i~ lntlSjcl('I'~<1 I"~i unless II perrod oJ an hour or mort 1\:1.5 d~pstd since (llrnpJdHlO "f U,L (9("td~t',.

~.IIYIl81: IJR",

to Newport

Beach

where

lhe baal was docked [0 gel the LtrQf1O:. l'hc onl), huch was rhal Mr. line belicved he should be J,:iven " reward 2 '\0 for recovering the plane und re(u~td to Pii e II up .. ithout cash on the barrelhead. Russ offered him ;l receipt

Armed with the above decrsion. .• boarding party of two glib.talking offi· cer from the drone unit located till'
Gshintj

ch:lufl<!f saw the lirwsh of pJ'U1f> diLd1ing. H~ thoul:llll: It WI! a droppabl 1.1c1 tank rli: fir t. b t uc.:ch!·d the pliUih was too bi r, \'{/lum lit; arnved over the plane, he Iound the [,iI0t did not know how ttl use the h Gist ini( ling. The crewm: n dctnonsuared to the pilar ,15 rhc pl. 11(> was sinking beneath them. EJgt even tried to .Ifguc the crewman into snlv,'gillg J I is f'l~(ad,utt:. _s.;'I ertain was he of the rescue. 11 It' c I wo men we [I" ret~rnfU 10 _til e I',~/!JJIIII/I<' Sv« wuh In two mu: utes ot lht" time the), went m, Ult' p.trer said, when

tJ'e

,r

BoardJJlg the smell), vessel, they found

beat

in

S\m Die,go

Harbor,

Marine

Jet

Aviators

Busy

only the skipper's wife abnard. She shov ed them the drone, in J.:(lod condition thank to preservation measures

for' the drone which the canny fisherman could present to the Navy for sal'l'l1pe dn~m. but no sale,
The n~1 dar the drone unit's skipper,triecl vainly to get Cline to surrender the drone, without avail. He then (On t.u::terl east Guard headquar-

taken when
water,

Tine

pul ltd it out of the

The officers' rersu.a.~jve manner, tog(Jtl,r:r with the official rul ing 00 who owned what, convinced the woman Uu:
plane belonged to the Na i back with VU-i ag.lin, . The dodging
nlD~j

ters who Admiralty

In

turn contacted tilt: district
contacted tht

bullets

lewd o(fiu:r

ORicer ill lus oflin~ and the

who il'!. turn

are ccncen
.Marine

of Heel gunner», -and rhe
tratill~

rather than

avy drenes.

on find ing

a mbt<r/irls

the lines

Forest
Stotion

Fire
Musters
TOR

Near
Men

EI Toro
Blaze

to Fight

wet sandbags and standing sboulder to

enll ted

men. armed

with

Precision Team Flies al Many Shows MeA' WEitH P(}JNT-I.l. Col. Marion E. .arl and his precision aerob~ti tllru~ .11111'1: b.een kept pknty busy ol late lpVJOg aerial derncnsrrations of what their HH PlJ<II!!OIllJ wiJl do. Besides the Idlewild, N. Y. show ,UIl! Cleveland ~AIr R~ces. the ~1J:l.ttt:! '.w ott D,IUa. L LOUIS. Nashville, DeLIolA Cleveland and Akron receruly. At .~ Louis; they appeared before ss.oon pee t ators at Lamhcr] F icl d. \Wh iLe there, (..apt. Ch,ules E. Yeager, pilot of 11K x-i which bas flown well beyond tJ1{~ "reed of sound, drecked Oul in 11 Marine

e

FH·I.

It looked ror 11. t.ime a' IDOLlgi1 the 4'i,OOO-ac.re fo'rest and brush fire which wept Orange County durin Novernb r would r II over du air station. but civilian and Marine firefighters finally extinguished it u few hundred ya rds a \v111 ..

MCAS EL

shoolder, were mustered to halt the Plamt;',sa short distance from the Macine Base NAMAR housing area where many families Jived. The air ration made emergency fad1 itie:>iwa,ilable For 'iOO persons, but

He W<I.<i given I Q minutes instnntion on the groun d, then He\',1 tJJ e Pb. mlnh!

tel the base as the- fire chased them from thei r Farms and ranches. Bec-.anse high, gusty winds, first Marine Air ing was unable to evacuate the field. B~si,,!cs personnel, Hit' station lent the service; of several bulldoze rs to ft,gbl' the blaze, which tilted .Ior several day", OM marhine was lrosr when it rumbled over a cliff.

only

il

[.ri!eUotl of that number

moved

of

team members. Other nrc- C01. Capt. Dan johnson. Lt. Walt DominD..lt Vince MtliZdo ~nd Lt. Fred Obion

through a series of maneuvers over the McDonndl plant. He i~ shown in the pkture getting instru tlonli rom Lr, ~o~s T. Iglehart. Jr., One of the pre·

Carl,

C.onnelly, all members

of v"n7'12\~;

Pinwheel
Carrier

in Quick

Rescue

Saves Pilot, Chief N'A (0(0 So 1.0- The- rescu e bel j. (opfer aboard rhe carrier Le')le IpiHJe:;1 quick "save" 00 II ri10t and alrcrewmen
Helicopter

fOIlE-ST

fiRE

MENACED

PLANES

Af'oID BUILDING'

task rorce maneuvers In the Caribbean. 1t was probably one of the .o;luirkcst rescues on record, according 10 Ole statlllILD§

'r= it:;

slster

V. the

PIJihpt;"!,,,

04.

.AIR fORCE

SPEED

/tURCHAN'

TRIES

NAVY

PLANE

20

Ile tr i 'fert

..~.~..
,

..- S : ~".I

VISITS

~~~~
N. ,...~

I

SQUANTUM

~

Flying Yankees

Rule the Skies
Down Eost
defuli~ely N~w Eugland. It isstnteglC'.illy lo~ated Of! :l large lra(::t of f~l'mer mazshlnnd ji1 the bay area outside of place. the Naval Air NAS SQof ltJ:l Reserve programof andis home porL rodais tlying Yankees,
U

'1IJ M, birdl

VF-78~A'S

McAusl.ao,

Goleman,

Sheldon,

Holland.

Inserra,

Boyd, Trask,

Hurley,

Ward, lavery, Michaud, Johnson, Falrhurst, Kenney, Wave Hobby count sleeve hits won $10,000 for beio,g-the firs! rontestant to (!Qmpletl; the. "long course' eround the Boston lighthcuse=-a course pattern for today' s weekend warriors, During World 'War 1, the Navy established a Naval Reserve aviarion unit at the U. S. Destroyer and Submarine Base then located at Squantum. AHer World W"ar I, in 1923 to be exact, a number of far sighted Reserve pilots, realizing the importance of naval defense, persuaded the Navy to allow them to utilize the seaplane hangar at
which pmcrically lies within the tnffic

Wilh the salt water l!lpp,ing at its field ,,,nJ its buildings grayed by the salt ail', SqU:lhlWfi is a lather Spartan looklllg station. But like other fock-'l'ibbed ~ew Engl.and iostit:uu.~o. it. has a. very ns, ~b5tll.ntial. tone. Operations are condurted with the smoothness of long experience, Reservists go about their business in il. direct and competent fashion. Pine teamwork produces outStanding a,ccompll:;nmrmts all along the line, Steeped ill historical widitlon. Squsnhim was the site the first civillan lIer{Jnnllti(ll1 meet

Bo.sur,m,

the then abandoned

to assign an N.!) typ'e seaplane for their

Sqeanmm base and

or
to

aviation as an instrurneat

of tl;J.tionai

be

held

in this

('ount'1"

It was then Ihat Graham White

J
I

ators who assembled and flew this seaplane were Rear Admiral Irving M. McQuiston, top-ranking Air Reservist who now serves as Adl1iSc'Orto DeNO (Ail') for Nsval Air Reserve, Captain Joseph E. I.:ynr:h and Commander Philip Sronemerz.-...tben junior officers. Thus, the first Naval Reserve Alll..tion Base was born and started On its climb to fame in true "rags to riches' fashion, Squantum's growth was spurred on by the efforts of .such comm;tnd.ing officers and execs a~ Richard "E. Byrd. Reginald D. Thomas, Noel Davis, and John J. Shea (for whom !he field is. named), and by the contribution:; of a star·stlildded group WorlJ War T Reserve aviators, Buy;ug their own gas, making dltir own repairs and "Bying by the seat or their pants," the-seha.rdy pioneers derncnstrarcd their ability to do a job and laid n firm foundatien for tod"y'~ °reri1tiMs. In 1_Q->i1 Stj uantu nt became a !u llAedg\:d naval air 5tatio~ and its fl.!,("ilities Were .greatly expanded, During the war it was used (or pril1lll:ry tminiog find as, i1 fleet air.gl'Ou p operati oS base, 011 J July 1946 NAS SQUAN'l"UII'1 ''''1S

use. Among the intrepid Reservesvi-

or

.~

Maril1e Reservists (kneeling)

Degan, Goodfellow,

Walsh, Pryor, M'CGee, O'RiIey, Mendes (standing) Boyden, Livingstone, Conlon. Ashe, Stygles,. Briggs. and Lesher

Trainiog Cernmand, taklng 'its pb.«: as one of the larger stations in the Reserve network With 19 naval and Mari('lt Organized Reserve squadrons S9ing ooncems, {he picnrre today at SqlJ'antum Is a far cry from the em aHer WorJd War I.

turned

over to the

Navat Air Reserve

21

At the Naval Air Reserve btrthday celebc:ttion-D!1Irolhy LBmotJJ' cuts cake ror Hickey. FielJey, Weaver and. Sfewart

BrUl'l5wick

A YO (A ),efs

(back)

S~bIcider, BulJington,
Hawks, Condon"

nell, Sands, Wheeler, Bowcn,.(fIont)

Sowles

Pea-

vrn 2,OQO Or,ganj_~ecl sad i\sso(i~ while 27'1 have already been gradullLed_ Reservists reacted in the best New 'a:ted Volunteer Reserve officers and Engl-and trndit-l:pn, when tbe te~bllkal men, includlng 375 naval and 87 Marine lraining department under Lt. William pilots, come out to Sqllantum for reguF. Sparks announced (hat night school lar training 011 weekends, In addition, (Ql.liSC5 in 5\1(:h subj.c\'·J:j; as Spanish or approximately 400 Volunteers showed mathematics would be 0£fered. About up last )'Cllf for lWO~Wt>e1G cruises. while 1-0 immediatd}' made applications. other Voll.Ultt'er pilots come out orcaHead civilfan inJiI,nJdorin this program "iol1a11y {Ot practice Aq::hts. i~ b. Ralph Ward of VP-MI.-~";l, To pfovide reguLlI Ai$bt Iminino for S911,lntur,n was also the first nation in the air-minded Yankees in northern New Engt;l:[)'d and on Cape Cod. Squan- the Command to set lip a USAFl Registration lind GEO Testing Onter to entum also supports AS~1X.itltcd Volunteer ablf' rersonnd to take correspondence Ullils at Bnuiswick, Maine, and at New (OUNt.S (lfld h'lL1Lla.lify for high s.(hoo1 Bedford, Mass. ~-liploln'I-S. Under rhe guidance of W /0 Instead of one "beaten lip" seaplane, A. B. Johnson, a refresher rourse to pretQd<ly's aviJtoI~ ,<It Squantutn have 109 pare rel'S;Qone! for eM A &: ~ llcense first-das:s combat and training type
August and September piled \IP SOIDe 20,589:.9 pilot hours, Induding 399.4 hours of I1jght flying. Training has also been. streamlined

O

suoyer Peeblel, it re,gular Navy ship. The Squaaturn Vlt squadron was 001' the first to ~ct up and hlmd.Je i~ own regularly scheduled run during its two· wC'ek training with NATS at Quon~e.t. The VP-MJ.·fJll cruise {(;';l..L\,m:da training trip to Bermuda, 9l!antufn has daalked UP. a Ilme ~ecord of commun ity assists, particularly d.uring the fow.'lt fires of 1947 when they new personnel and equipment to' the stricken areas m Maine and maiamined fi_te patrol over the threatened Cape Cod area, In nne 24-hour stretch,

or

Four "saves"

Were r.cgistered

turn's

or

planes. III this year

July, they

cxarmrranous

IS also

with the mast modern equipment Qcing provjded. S<lU:111 lIHTI' claims the biggest lechniccal training and engine tCM-down buildings ou Ihe Reserve circust, Quali. fied rated personnel take in-service trulnil1&, 011 the opcri\ling line and tedinieal tnlining. courses are .reserved primarily for grildlLa:te.S of the seamap rffi:r~1 school, At pt~sent 20~ seamsn
recruits are enrolled
In

the SR course,

han' ahelldy passed the exam. Pilot tr\11ning Follows the same care' full), worked out pattern, All currier ~"luadro!]$ have part i6pilled in ,rocket [iring tmining. T!lTough the caoperatio,n of NAS QUDNS.IlT, Squenrurn uses the r ~C"ilrHe5 at NAAS 01'fS for this training and Icr carrier landing practice .. Antisu bms nne train i,n_g is st ressed . Durlng September, for example, VA-'1B-A and VA-SQ-A undertook a joint mission with the £uDtnllriqe Sil"liIg(l_o manned b~ Surface Re~ervi~t~. A joint CICexeicise was also carried out with the de-

oJtereu.

FIve men

GCA unit, including a civilla CIJJS'U<I. a Navy transport with 22 aboar an 1\-2(, and a B-G_ The 111.'111 who is respenslble for kec.l~CO_ At:l class or ttl 192:9the s.t:l.1f af Commander Fourth Fleet. for his work in establishing air bases f('lf patrol operations along the coast of SOllth America to protect the convoy mutes h" North .Africa, Capt, Smoot was 1'lv,'lU'ded rhfl Camrl'iflndat,iOfl RLpbdn. His rlgllt hand man, Commander Arthur P_ Linscott. tHe exec, has pIonI:)' Smoot. tile NAS SQU.!INTlIM Academy gfaduate with the 1926. he received h is wings During the war he served en
ing all these varied activities running en an even ked is Captain Otho P.

byquan-

Reserve 0-2's W, D . .M:cOean.,D. Lang, E_ B. Beverly. P, T, Wall inspect TBM electrical hamess ""i'til W. L O'Brien (c)

VA~56-E's Lt. A, Hall, AD H. Srandring and Lt. (jg) H. Wood .stu,d}' hydrlluHc :;Y,!jtem mock-up, a l:l:ainll;t8 devite

At New Bed ford A vtJ ( A) rerernonies-e-Cspt, Smooe, Squa:nturn CO, U. Cdr, TInay, CO, W,wes Wilder, Galipean, \'Wood of Re:sr:.rve know-how. He has been connected with the Naval Air Reserve .since 1926, when he wok primary flight traininll at Sqeanturn. During the- war he served with distinction as CO oftwo advanced base units in the Pacific, .t\loof!] t 7 on Tarawa and Acorn 3'5 on T~ni,anl and later was CO n.t NAS WILOWOOD. Lt. (01,. Allen

VA~56,-E'sWllli31n MacDougaU gi\'cS polnters to new reemits. Richard and Robert, his 17~ye:ar.--old twin brethees
VA-77-A.Lt. flll') 'I'hcmas ,f. Be""''''', Exoo. L~. Cdt. Willard T. Go~e_ 00: i,1;. Edw"rdJ. RWIl1-~. Bxee,

H. Amler.sao, n pilot

with v'MSIHSI at SamQa and later on the st(l.lf of Aircraft Fleet M.:!l,Iioe Force Pru;iuC'. heads up Marine Air Reserve trainiug. He truces particular pride ill tJ~e faCt tba~ VMF-SU' placed first in fltght hours piled up dIJ rlAg the Cherry - . Point maneuvers. On the Squanium team are 110. enthusiastic group of statienkeepers such as Haney Goldstein ADJ, the first turbojet plane captain il"l the Reserve to be fuU)' 'juaJ ified fo I both Ian d nn d ca r ri er op eratiolJ5, W. Futch AMC, who devised a, fine mock-up of a hydromntil: propeller, and W.ilter D. Sellers RM3 who doubles ,IS ;l. rsdiernan and expert newsheund, Squanrum abo has its quota of Reservists who have thttlked. up fine war records. Typical of this group are: VA71l-"'S Lt. (/g) Paul W. Boyd, and it. (ig) Francis Shaughnessey. who have Navy Crosses. Among the DF . holders are; Lt. Alexander 1).1c.AIlslan, VI\·78-1\

Cdr. Thomas W. McKnight, l)'pe trainin.g gf!Jcer; H. (jg) Franklin E. Fairhurst: Robert M. Thiebaud .AURI, who took part in 3-2 strikes in the Parific: T ISgt. Norman G. Miller; Ist Lt. W. F. Moore: and Ca.ptalo Albert E. Hacking, C:.iiec of VM-f'-235, who shot down five planes at Guadacanal. Other well-known personnel include: Lt. Cdr. Frederick Stwwood. 0 of VR-$9. a. former member of "'B.-I1, the first N A 1;'S $quaclron to tlj' in the Facifi[, -and a Reservist for eight years, who has 45'00 hours in Navy mulii-engined planes to add to his ~OoO HOWD for eornmercial aidines; U. Cdr. John Sullivan, CD of VA-]7-A,. a participant In' numerous Pacific strikes; Lt . Edward W. Goshorn. who. served 19 months in t.be ReAF, flying with the- RAP [mID 1941 to 1942, and EM. Peter uo.ffi. a former seaman W110 recently was granted a Reserve- ccmrnissiorr. These men are typical of the Reserve guardians of New England. who, follOWing in the steps of their illustrious predecessors, Mtl m,tking history today at Squantnm, SQUANlUM
CYG-77YF.17.A-

co:

u. Cd~" John

M.

Su[UQ~n.

CO!

VA-18-A-

a.t, ;\ l~x""de:~ o, MoAus.ian.
.Lt.

00'1 Sho lden V. Coleman, E",,". G~'O.~

CYfG'57VF-57-E-

Lt. edt, F,ed~rlclc
LL. (jgl

E. Slm ..... co: 1Jutobe-l'. E;:"".

L1. J·I1.I"Jia 'J';:"llag. co; Lt_ Willm:d {1t'l).nl>n. 'EXCI'.

YA-S7.ECVEG·56-

LL Rieho;riI II. 1'1a l.te,d, Ex"".

Lt. Cdr. Philill

R. ""ho~on.

CO:

U. Cdr. DQnaid V. O.borl¥Q .. CO: Lt. Lln~ce WaiUs. ,Exec, t.e, Altr!><l J_ F"oke, CO;

Y.F-S6..EVA.56-,ECY'LG.'S8-

Lt. Oll"e,. F. D<f""ett ~~~. Lt. J¢hn A. Cl;o nea rn,)'. CO: ..
Lt. Arnold Lai'atQ. Lt. edt. Ex",,_

Oh.ru:I,," A. L""nRr~. Cp:

VF-n·L-YA·5B.LVP-MI:.·6'1-

(..1. Oolr. Cha.rle" 1', M!).~i(m. 00; L!. '1'hOIl1M' A. Gotter. F."eo.
L,t:

Rowt

MlIoklln,

00.;

l.t. Rown W. Half"'''''' E¥"". Lt. 01!'. Che.<ter u, TIWl'li, co:
.Lt. J..,t.

"'hi tfp.,,·n C. Kea:rnll. ,C""tI,,"-I' S. GO\lld,

E,:"",.

VR.S.7VR-59FASRolI.11-

Lt, C'dr,

J.I-l"""

1'.

eo; Mo"',~, .E.~.".. .

"LI. C,lt. F.. \. St.cnwoo~.co: L\. RQ1.el't F. lLeG.en<lm. E:iM.

OW"_ ,John

E. u lII CO~ LI:, CUr. J. 4. U. liu.Bdll:. E"~e.

s

""'t!.

RESERVE SQUADRONS
Lt, C<l1'. Olark C. MtiEhf~i".

FA:5R.01l-171- Lt. C,lt. J usetlll Mullell, CO; 1,l- Cd,'•.•John lilrbll:rd. li"'''''' YMF-211MnJ. EtIwati.! J,. 'MI'gft>, co:
. Cllpt. I{enMt.h

m.

Dob!:>ina, EM~·

co.
CO:

YMF-23SMGCI.21-

Lt. CIh. l\rtl1"r A_l'e_l;nn:rdi. Lt. Jr)1m C. Jielleher, ~~c,

M~J. AI.,!il .1. OllU'k. CO: Ca.J)t.Albol~tE. Huck'n" • .E,,~e, M"j, F!"'->lk, M~b" ((0: A.
Ua'l;(. William R«!:'lO'. En~.

Instrodolf H.. Gold.stein, .ADJ, explains wOlking~ of jet engine to SRs A. R. Melonghi oJ VF·n-A, E. T. O'Brien of VI'\.·7S· ...

Hockey rates hlgJJ III Squanturn's fine sports progr-llm_:.here arc leaders Andrews, Duquette, Lamorette, coi!l.cbRockwell

Re8t1'icted

f8F

FIGHTERT~AINER

AT NAS

ALAMEDA

IS USED

TO lEACH

PILOT HOW

TO NAV,GATE

ON INSTRUMENTS,

'CRAB'

ON LEFT pLon

HIS

MANEUVERS

UN ER A ROOF
school .1" prepared to train 1,1Iot. and air rewmen in all pha es of aviation, Irorn basic navigaucn LO gunller)' and imulured instrument Itring.
Under Jirediofl Lt. Cdr. Charles W. Rkh, a corps of instructors darly trains airrrewrnen "SI'r"ikil1g" [or new

lenge NAS AI. AJnllled.1·~ me: aircraft,
of advanced

M~IJA-1 II

ilf1J

meet the chalra;>t-citanggrOl!11J

Another
tau~~N there

navrgaticn tJ'll,lnll1g method IS lornn---<Iong range navi-

,nl!nliOI1

.galion-the electronic device which enahles a navigator to derermine his position over the ear h. This 1 done by measuring the difference ill reception time of radio signals. Tops rn navigation train ins is the sensitive ultrasonic devise used to train radar operstoF' and nl1"LgatQrs in the

P device
only
ODt"

OS'IS!."

aviation torpedo attack trainer. Named after ;l town in Scotland where. the ide.] fint:- originated, the Crail LS the rates. II cost 875,000 but ave la.rge amounts in planes, g:1S, torpedoes am!

rhe most UllUSUlIl rraining at me school is the tail

in tip ration

in the United

pr

po,twi\f ralll1g~. and also gives refresher
courses La pilots. 1'0 fly a modern pJl1rte. the I'ilo~ Iitst stumbles along Ln the wake of early .>t:~ fa rin~ men who felt their way ,dons the roast and rarely venlu rtd far out

J iiItcult problems of interpreting what J" Stell 011 the radar scope. This . cope
reproduces

Sight of land. The pilot learns (de ,_ i'ial n vigntiou, ge~tin?; h i~b<:lLring rrom the stars, H gets this type of training ill ground school.

or

which the aircraft's antenna i. directed . This could be (be area directly beneath Ute plane. Of miles away.
At NA ALAMmA'S groullJ srhool, pilots and aircrewmen learn three

J

attecns

of

the

u rea over

methods

of ccmmunicarion-c-code.

hlin-

ker and sigoill D~.!'s.

even in burnan lives. The Crail i~ ;1, dm.l1ll.r pit III which is (entered a Link airem t trainer, Every element (1r it tua] combat 1 simulated here, and pilot are t-aught bow to luunrb aerial torpedoes, without the Terrific expense artadted co acrual cumbat practioct. (Jee p.blJfil belou ) Sittillg in the cockpit of the Link, th r!lot spats JJJ ecemy .:>hir. He Ii eli ill on it and drops a "Ii rh" after estimaLint! ra.nge and speed of the moving

SUBSCRIBE
to

N.A.NEWS

TODAY!

AIRCREWMEN

AT AlAMro .... GROUND

5CH'OOL

GET

MORSE

CODI1

T1IAINING

AIRCREW,lEN

LEARN

SURVIVAL

GeAR

THAT

Gots

INTO

A PARARAFT

KIT

ULTRASONIC

TRAINER

VALUABiJ.E

IN

DEVELOPING

Of

RADAR

OPERATORS

PILOT,

TAXES

'SHOT'

AT

STARS

IN

CEUSlIAl

NAVIGATION

TRAINEII.

(,lrgd. He winrhes the wake uf the torpedo speeding coward the ship JI1J. with satl.sfa HOD, sees the ship fla~h red ,IS the t rpedo strikes. That is what the pilot experiences. J\clllaJJy. the whole ~(;:HJr, including

jerted on the walls 0 the circular Vit. The pilot learns to go afb;.>r hi' target
if1

the synchromzed images of target, sea, weather and tor.peJo wakes, ace pra·

him, open each in tum, and enjoy a comfortable existence while waiting to tain ... lO-man life raft, J. 9V2·hp outb\1l1rd motor, fuel. cans of water, chic· ken ~our .11'111 tomato juke. and ernergenc}' rations of concentrated dextrose

~tudeBb ilrt laught (Q lI~ii tho: hvc,' waterproofed kit which make up a complete shipwreck unit. AU Rw kits are connected by 2 0 y,uds of line. A man Row1dering in mid-ocean may gea!;. the [tne and pull all fivt: kits toward

be picked up. In all, the five kits on-

(hopf1l'

waters

or cum,

in storms,
I

overcast or rni Id weather-even J:low 01' a beautiful sunset. Tf ,i. torpedo 111 isscs the ship,
irructoe seated outside the pit

n the
inat
;1

'The story is told of it young cadet with :(l vivid imagination who experienced :uth realism while "Aying" an p"f trainer, he uprooted the lick in panic while attempting to pullout of ;I high speed dive, Other primary in trurnent trainers, the Links, .He: available for student pilots. Every 11')000e of the trainer is charted by an instrument so a student can
learn

lated noises &1\'(; the dfen sUt:~"(b ing lhei r } retest.

of

tires

and pr()fit from
gunnt>cy training

mi8takc~
i avail-

all

omplex panel board" instru L5 and advises the pilot 011 perferting his torpedo ~lf instruments nn the Inpanel boards lndicares ar all rimes {he range and -speed of ra.rgeL
.\\tmtegy. A. maze

and malted milk tablets. PaJdlell. in ca e the portable motor should ail, are equipped with reflectors to flash against the SUI'Llighl or searchtlgh l, enahl iog the sh ipwreck urv iV{)r5 tQ be spotted from the 'Iir or ship. Iavont with pilots, the F~F fighter trainer lea hcs instrumeut ~}'iL1g to fighter pilots, Seated in the cockpit. with J. llOOd sllult'ing out t-he classroam, <I, pilot, can im~~jne he ili .lctua)ly flying into the doud~, A projector give till' effed- of .lcuds pas il'l;g overhead, .mil lbt· l:f1gute throbs
ONG A

which could be disastrous
Complete

in the air.

able IH the school. with the 'tudent titkiug sighL~ 011 moving targets £1:'1.$hing at"rOsS a filln srreen, NA ALAf','1 EIlA'$ ,\V illti Oil school 11115 ,I complete film
library, comprising visual gid insrrurtinn in all phases oJ aviation. The library

Stl'UGM'S

which we torpedo should be dropped ttl score i1 direcr hit amidships, Robinson Crusoe, (he 'wiss Family Robinson. and other notable shipwreck figures l1J 11cti~m .Ulcl fllCt would be lelignted wieh survival class conducted

(he position of rhe plane in relation to the hip. and (he exact moment 3l

me

L

ar Alameda's

me

ground school.

according to rnaneuvers. [f a pilot comes in for!l humpy 11111ding, SiIl1LI-

in pr!:!paring its men fO,r duty than the Un lted c lares. Alameda s grotindthoQl is a ~[('a1 -example 0 how these de, ice' Me I'm to use for better- tnlininl:: ~InU for economy.

the cleanng hou .e (or 12ND. Probably no nation on earth ha an IIvilllion training program which empi oys more s}'rl thesic devices to assist
IS

RECOGNITION

IS A CONtiNUING

JOB THA:l' IS IMPORTANT

TO A GUNlIEll

CRAIL

TO'RI'EDO

TRAINER

AT ALAMEDA

IS. ONLY

ONE

lll{f

IT IN

U,

s,

25

Restl'lcle.d

Sec, Brown Awards Trop '..es
latest carrier (~thniques weather operations.

but abo

on

Durin,ll- the maneuvers, reserve oHieer<: WBr(;! divided into three sections and were a~~igncd to dtlty 01'1 the hangar Jt:(k, the tiight dec~, the bridge, and in trJ,ght control, on A LOblting schedule. III addition they spent a ftl~' days in (IC ancl radar work- and Silt fn on 'Stll!!J.uron sad group bricfiJ'g 1:-0111 beforeand after Rights. Their job was primarily t~ observe what went on, 50 that thl::y could bring bad: ruLi re~t)~ts \0 the thousands ot Org-<lili:>:ed Reser ....·
at their home stations. Enlisted men were- asslgrred to regu lar USN squadrons and tfley maint.3.ined the latest ~'pe fleet aircraft
i51S

onMAL pres-entations of the Edwin Francis Conway memorial rrophy and the Nod Davis trophy were made

P

annually squadron low Grove

to the Organized Reserve of each type whIch has made for the first period

on (:,)November by the Assistant Seceetary of Ihe Navy for Air. John Nkhola~ Brown. Vice Admiral Jolm Dale Price, D~)tJty Chid of NIlV".I1 Op e r at icn s (ALr) , lUId Rear AJniiral Richard F. Whitehead. Chief of the Naval AiI Reserve Tra,inil1~ Command, also took rart in the ocrcmonies. Scene uf the presentations was the large drill haJJ ~\t NAS M!Ni'."EAPOUS; which had been bedecked wirh Hags, There, "\\(ith some 2,000 civil ian riend s, Naval Air Reservists proudly watched l!n·j r (0 ru rn and i ng 01'11«·1:, Capt;un _amerun Briggs. receive the Conway tr0phy from Mr. Brown, who bad flown out tq make the award to NAS MrN'

and will be rotated am.ong the other ning 59!.l.adrons. This is the first year sincctJlc or thewar thaI: these two trophies
been awarded. the climax j etition.

the best record.

Ie will be kept aJ Wi]then

NAS Niagora Falls Jolns NAR Chain With the artivation of NAS Nr .... GMl... FALLS <;chtduled for I J.lIl1uary l') ... . y the final link in the Reserve chain of IHiVlIl air stat ions author ized for fi5GII 1949 has !'lOW been forged. Th is .[)rints the number of stations and units under the Nava] Air Reserve Training Cornrn fUl d lo ::!.7. Stk·(liOn of Niagau Falls as the site

winend have

(or the new sl'Jltioo
study of the Reserve

was

based

UpOI1

a

potential

in lh

up!>t..rc New York area, The interesr and entbusiasm shown by members oi
the Associated Volunteer Unit (A) ut Buffalo, Wltich was supported by N AS Nt"'i\,7 YORK, was an important detro.-

or

TIle eeremonies marked a yea! of s!,iritn~ com-

mining

fa<'tor.

.

Reserves
tOOlty's

r

Part in Mooeuvers To ebtain firsthand information i!bolll

Toke

NBilPOlB,

Mr. Brown also presented plaques l"o Ll:le commanding officers of eachstation wbich had \,vi.llolng squadrons in the

(·ompttirion fo·r the Davis trophy. Captain Frederick Funke, Jr., accepted the ;\W,lrJ for VR·71 of NARTU ANA-eol'Till; Captain Frederic \VJ _ Priestman ac-

earner operations,. (lDr;' OAit~T and fin:: men from 19 s_tatioo,s in the Naval AIr Reserve network participllled in t'he November Atlantic Fleet rnaneuvers, 111is marked WOlber stt:p I,,[ward in the present polky of Illtegrating Reserve trainirtg J> dosd)' as possible with that of the Fleet. It illustrates the dose working reJaHon:~h'ip thal, now exists between thlO Ai.r Reserve and the Reb'1l·

Present of one connection

iaed planes, iududing ligbter- an J attack ,urcraft, are to b-e assigned to the station in the immediate furure; The ";{!Ilion will be IOCflteJ at and wil I lltili;:,e the oper;ttin.g fa.cilities Q f

plans call for the activation group and one- FASRon jjl with the training of Otg,ru-,_· Reservists, A pp to x j m del Y j 2

eva

Jones rOT GROYE. Captain
VII. -62" E ;In

J.... KSCINVILLE. C

cepted

tor

FA$1I.:014-158

and Glptain Carroll B. VF-ill-'" of NAS WILLOW

of NARTU

OSCM Pederson received . the. p1aQUl:S won by ewe of the 5'<]. U adr o 11 s at N A.1l T U NORFOLlt-

Theolw,tay tmljily is 9,W;trQed \·0 that ~fal;/on in the Naval Air Reserve Tiainjng Command Ildwork which shows the greatest overall efficiency each ye:ar. The Davis trophy is given

d

lar Ni1VY. On ;'1 October, pe r so nne 1 from Akron, Col umbu s, Da l las, Deriver, Glt'nvt<:W" Grosse Ile, Memphis" Minneapolis. ew Orleans and Olatheernbarked for these maneuvers aboard the Le}ll'. while Sillli[ll,J" ~rol,lp:s hom S9uan[urn, New York, Willow Grove, Anacostia, NQrfolk, Jacksonville:, Miami, Atlanta and St_ Lours boarded ~hc K-g~r"
.r.1l'ge.

VP-&'l.

The maneuvers. which lastt:d until 23 Novemher, featured 1111 "invasica" of NAS A(t(;ENTlA andc:.:erci~es off ihe soul'hem tip of Greenland. Reserv£s~s
were able- to get the word not only
GO

26

OFFICEIS

IN VPP·~:l A' NAS WILLOW GROVE RECEIVE MAPPING
Buttll,,,,"

REVIEW

fAS~ON·SB RESERVISTS FROM NAItfU JAil. UNE UP DURING HAVANA.

RON

the: Municipal Airport at Ni;l.gdra Fall , II will OtCcupy 01 1'1:111l, (otm"r[) known us Bell-Niagara .Modification Center
~ umber even, whlch was transferred tu the Navy by the War Assets Administration. Until 1 December 194y, throu h an agreement made bel ween the N,l'1' and

;m.1 Lt. (ig) ,1011o.pl1 M VI!.·M mt<d" :IppNJiUll with groan..::! [OS nod visihHlty J>JWll to so feet. Arter 11 4.0 landing.
evening rile plane truck. • NA:; OJ'garJllf:J bnd to b~ led to the line

hy

il

LO$ ALAMrr -00 Hi crober, Reserve pilots Joined with avi ••OAKl.il.1'.'D

the AiL Force, IJ. portion of thi plant will be available to the Air National ~uard, At lila t time it is e Jo: r octetl tb.nl the latter organization will have complered construction of it_;. own permanent buiJdings, om man der Laureucc D. Ruch L" R, formerly executive ofhccr nt N S MINNEAPOLIS, is slntt".1 to take
omrnanding Onltet of NA N1A ARA FAU. He will head a group or 12 officers and t 30 enlisted tstienover as

rndiouctive destroyer, rnrried no fuel G[ ammurution, the ship WaS light in the water and, therefore, ;Was hard h. sink. However, after its s uperstrur ture hed been practical 1)1 de-

to hi ;~tt:ltk un llill?hN, Since rt

(''''''5 hHrn NA.

In

,!

bomb and

• Ni\ \Xi'lJ.l.DW GRO\lIl-T\lpi('aI. of members 01 VP1',5.!, one [he (01), two Re· St'rve reconnaissance squadrons in the CflU!I· tty, are the rnen shown in tile pictu re at tbe top uf this page. T1lCY arc Cdr. George J. DeG.!.rmn. skipper <If Ule squadron, who IS lecturing lind offic{'[$ Millec, Me /lJ'vey, Knob, Greenburg, Rogcrs. AugcnhlHlgh and

or

the

luun
• NAR'rU ORfOl.K-During the Nor-

folk 2lJit Street White W:ay Jubilee n roruplete rndJo tie.in enabled the Reserve 11) J,~:lW ' 5,000 persons to its rw exhibit whrle
hearing the 1M"'! I1l'W~ us ,well as words abn'Ut the N,wC:\d and Reserve prograrns.

moihh<:J I>f n;f)(:~atetl bnmb and rocket hits.
ir nnn II)' rolled lust.
ul1W

over

and went

down

bow

H),OOO
rOI

station

h'iIe:its (l'UwueJ :lh'J~rd rh e the: Nnvy Day open 1101)5e. Actrvi-

lie» were teleca l over KTLA h 1ur arul ,I In I SMilW.

dl,1ring n one

• NAS M1A)<u-SMi In fnciJiti('s were ~LLili~t:tIrecently by several 20th C~l]tm1'-f()x ussisrant directors who were a'c:cun:tulatmg Ic,hRinu bnckground un hurricanes in preparation fqrf,lming " million picture in t'hi lucali \I r~fhnkJI training was hLlst tn "P'ML··~ of Glenview dunng their eprernber active dutY erui.c.

keepers, During the war, CJr. Ruch, \\ 110 has be-en a naval aviator in the
Reserve since 193.2., Was CO

01

VRfH

• AS T LoU! -With tbe maio highway to the stwtitln undergoing tndJ Jf repairs, }>,uvy Day pllln~ were cancelled In favor I)f "h"ril)g .In I he 5t. l.oui!; Air Ase Exhibitinn
which W;L~ 11~ld .It l.ambcrr FiclJ C[lriier In the month. Lt. CoL Marlon GJrI and his M~.rii~ P/i;mlt'IIIJ thrjlled nn audlenee esri-

ur NA

to of

eMU 31 under CO'roAirP,Ic. In hclpillt: the Nilvy fism up final Jrrttngements for (he establ i hment 0

BROOKl.YN

and later served as

the tation at NiagAra Falls, the followtil civic leaders were most cooperative: Mayor William R. LU£lI0n. larence lreenwald. Hector R. arveth, jr .. and

pi us. Martini A['II n'5 developed ~ device, whereby one m. n ran l"llsily bleed nllcrnft brakes, ~... ich is proving most useful h mared ut
75.()(tlj
W,

E"8cnl:

lit

this ~llIli

11.

Wilbur

F. Connell, Gels 'he Word

'i\: N1iiw YORK-From L July to L "vember. Re erve plio piled up 27,34l hl'lur~, of whieh 1 ',5C)7.l were .registered by •

VAU 11-14

Velunreer N.1V(li Air Reservists in t:jle San Fernnndo Valley :trl' keepi Ilg up with Jnl:e;jt de veto pm" nts j Il, na I'ai, :111inl inn by atten di.IlS tht: Wllli·mollthLy drills, {.If V~I' 11-1j Till'
W,IS

"rlJ men,
plered

these or> annual

About 13~(J oBi.eer.s have rome out for Iflljnin1; <luring this period, have
cruises,

mit of ',280 who

rom-

their rwo weeks training.
l\;IJN'Il't\P{)I.ls-The

NAS

Ci'lippewa In-

.first lo

:1

series

of

tr.l

ming

leer lift'S

recenlly delivered

by "I.!ulcy Beal of the

dians who ljve 'Up 11(1 the shores of Red Lake in northern Mrnnesota nt'.llr the target area

Locnl pulice computations placed. the numbtl or guest au from so.ooe to 65,000 on the hot$t' p lus an additional 31),00,0 persoe caught outside In U1Q worst trllHic jam ill Downriver history. bl.tion WW1-TV, the DeJf(Jil eU'J, tele,. ised art hour :1 lmlf 0 the air how Highlighting this show wasa GO.p1ane simuluted curler t"k,,·[.ff by CAG·g9 as well as an acrobatic eisplay by the Marine phltJll(Jml, 11 di,'e bombing exhlbition by four AIl-h of ClIO·! from Quonset and stunts b)' !Ill Organized Rc.so.:cVC team jplly named the ··Mls· suided Missiles,"

• NAS GIl.OO5~ 11..1'-The open h~'U$e tlil ·:'1 October overwhelmed the statron and e"(e~Jed 1111 expectations Ior attendance,

"no

Lockheed J'r,J [craft Corporuuon He discussed the 1'2\' Nepmu». the Co JIJ 1/JIWQ II cud the

hMlitlg Sl'~r. dr, ~()hcrt " Regan I~ cornmnn ins (.fficer 1I this unit, willieh hull metltings on
I'·~O

Lt.

f(lr ~eSl;'rvi~l~. liave shown once more (bat' they are good friends of the l1v31 Air R(~ serve. When an f(TolP type aircraft ",,;15h· landed bCCll\lS~ (If an OJI failurt', in lower
RQd Lake. a. mile from their reservanon, they re eued the pilot, prn idee boats for use in fl'('overing the plane, ga ve Informat Ion nIP'

d~
,II

Jirst und third

'l'hursdays

0

each month

th" Nurth

HoI.IYW(Uld High !\chpni

rerning

th~ luke bottom

und

e\'~'11

upplied

Station • NA

Round-Up

,1!lPllu:r ~.1V1:nn ~I October

c: !.FIWIT:W

-

GL.\

dnllkad vp wh~1\ Lt, (is)

if"," Ji~h fot the re~(.I'·e.ry trew. Due {n gn:a.tpfLrt tQ thoir coopcralit1o. (he plane '111<'1$ :ll'0y w.i:lIL'ho:!d 11IJt flf the lak" and return~·J by truck. w Ithou L further Ihnlllg,r;"

• NA MEMPll1s---AJd another slIIc<nre sttenticn gelter-tiJ(' UIr.ll1I'[1l.8 of 1I fO(ltbaU via paradrut [rrun an SNJ rillht into a foofmill srudium. A nice stunt. If you can It, but dcfinitd}' nil nne Ior nmuteurs say the experts at Mernphl!>. The}' did it tll';C¢, .fitst 1'[ the Cemcnainl houiccoming game lit 0.~· "rd. Mis~i5~jj1pi, and l1g.llin "'t Knoxville f"f thc Tennessee Vulunteers' bomccornrcg [l1le· br~[Jl,ln. DClipite n 2j-}Q 11.rIQl wind, Lhe T st\J<.1enl wfm nC(timoJi,11I'd the "'~I~r f~'l\t

Il'lnollged I" hInd the -bdl l\Jl the- ~(}'J'(lrd li~e 1li (he ~djtiUltllul "I' :W,IJ{lO sp~ct'I!Or~,

27

W
(tis The

WINTER FLYING HAZARDS
H~.'TH"E. 'R we Like

~n.J ~h{ I'RI' <;'ir,j Irj fu lett

Fortul1""'-d}

110 OBe

abOVE. altho~lgh
repairs.

injured .in My of the accidents in each ease th!; planes requird malO:r
IN:!",

inl"

tho: pnrked

SNJ.

WHIter IS

upon

it or not
UStl8~lIn.

back with (he same old to Aigh t and ground cperaticns that caused a n umber of bad accrdents llst· year.

hazards

Move are lypical winrer aecidents, Snow. slush, and icy runways played a: part in these cases, 'but all fQur of the <leci· dents could h ave been IIvoided. ",-,~ 1 Tht pilot nf the l'~r' slurwn on #
l.eft hnnd
lop

rOll:f

crashes

pictured

picture,

ra'j kd

dnse ro th~ ed.!ltl or

tv heed II

r:>r<" lUllS d, rurtwu Y I hnt had

tim"" during the winter. He alluwed !'lIS l(1 II", rill,ht ~fldcilugrit hrs wllu') ill the ~l1DWban~ whilt- It;lveJing dl a "pt"l.'truf "blJur 60 knors, The pluue grouudJonjJ<::d, turned "H'T, >Inri ~JJll I) fl'e( on 1[5 back bef"rc <"ming ltl ~ ~t"p. c".1< C4f2 l'l!t !'iil'lt uf the ~G·11l 'tiln,li[]_g nn ib riO".. Ul ttlt L'PI1"r '!gllt i1WH.i fl1ll.m;: Inmlecl with b,11 (lOSt; an intC.'TVJI (111 tlw plune uhead, In (ltdtor til keep lh~' ~,ther pbnt ill ~igl1t, tli.· pil"r '1!!lIlm'll<hl .1 'lighl turn o:I.l,LJ:irlghi~ 1,lnJif'lg rnll-our .I:nd ran righl ItIJ.I> u !,rre Ilf snnv w luoh ..Xt"t1d~cl 11111 about 20 fe';l (fIIJ)"l thee 51J..1" ut L11~ runw ;J)'. ("III #.'1 Tlfl:r'>'ilot vf lht 0'1"1 W~" .I"odin" 011 II wid" run W,I \' with ,j '''fI>lbl" <f"liS wmdtrem ~h~ nghl. Instead of kecp,lng uver j('W,1 rds lhe Jdt ,ilk. he l.mJ·d lQ the' rigl:Jt uf thee renter I;[]~, ;lnl] r,'tll"lll hmi$lf hl""llded for il snowbank, H~ applied txtt,,~i"~ left hruke and rudder anD cartwheeled 11110 the snow. (.",/" #4 Tbt 5N t with its ;;1;>rh(t~"d wmg cl1~''''t:~ (Iff W~% llw vrctim vf II wurrn "I' j\l:cid,mr rm nn icy rump. The other plane

Its b;1C~ in tl\~ upper ""'!.ming ng;) i!Y'l land in;!! heen plowed rtumeruus p.1~n" w swerve ~Iightll

1tst wiarer oecurred with Il sraall amount of snow Jnd iet! .remaining on the port wing. The plane managed to get jnto the air, ~u~ thea star~ed <Ill 1)0contruUed turn to the left. The pilot found himself unable 10 gaill altitude or n.iS<' the left wing, and lIew into a house jusloH the edge of the field, Let's minimize the number of winter Bying acddenrs this yeaT by F6Uowiag the (tiles listed below. 1. Before 'every £I~ht get aU the available weather infermatinn. Plan the fljght to (/j)aid 1I1dNMes II;/m'e irillJ[ is I' re val8nl. 2·. If you should encounter instrument weather whileen ,I VIJ)I.,./I Flight Pl.tJl, DON'T PUSH THROU(;H. Thi~ caused nearly one-third of all the fatalities last winter. Lalld Ilt (hi: O~'lre.5t airport where C()I/IoU'! .(Qltditir:)11S pr~1!afl,

when a take·off was attempted in a

-One of the ,fll,OSt SedO\.lSilccidents

PBY-SA

H:~CLJe

illg temperature.
/.

procedure, and wear an exposure SLJit last lun,g without an exposure suit in water of

3_. I you

r

are

lI.yin,g

OVer

water,

know your emergency
at

.

-You 'Won't near freezNever

for frct movement, and dear yOur engil1e thoroughly.

Just before

any take-off,

be

5U

re to check nil cenrrols

mke off -with
1.

"f

tnex!ieri<'nLed rneowere b~iI1Jt i nJ_LlctriOl1te<J in the s!'-IHIJlg. ana warm uf! pTnl~J, rre 1m the Fal' The iir~( rnun tl} be me!(ik~d-(J\Jt pmQ~d the l'lvllltl~ ("rwl"I.rd us the <"'1g_inl' started ·and rile f~F ofl.lk, II~ lic .JLI'\"TI lines. The chocks \Vorl' of lilHc lise un~hi;" I'q'~p

I~V!)I"cd WJ15 an

Rolf

which suffered cvt.'ngfl"l''';.r .darnage,

A gnlup

landing, ky spots on runways caused many ,gfou!ldleor~ and nO$<!:-ovt'r~ IMt· winter. 6. By all. means learn the correct way to operate {'Very IJicce of de>-iC'il1g "q_uipmt'llt on you r ;lirr\ane bejlttli! you get ill the air. . 7. D.011't let ice in the _pitot- tube: foul Y0U up. Use the plt0t CO"e:f When ~erl,lliJlg the aircraft. USe pjtO! hem in freczil'lg or neat freezing weather. it Bra!rus are of tittle help when [Jo:;ung on icy l11eas. 'r~i SLOW£. Y and allow youmlf a large ~tQrping d lsranre,

Check

snow or. frost em tht- Wing. . the runway conditions with the tower before

2.8

Facts

on

Engine

Failures

The inlurmntiun (llnwjrl~,J in the Ilinril{l FIIgiN< Or« rh,.Ji/ P; <'JI IS taken &oom the 'Overhaul Acnvuv 01' ssembly and Inspectiun Report. NJvAct 1491·' which is. filled. !lUI Jurillg th~ .Ji"a;>~tmhly ,HId jn~p~dinn
of

<':i,h

<;:!l,!!in,· IIDdcrg'ClIng

<)1.'er!l;l.\lI. In-

dlJdcd in th ... J,lt.1 givtn ,lflJ !ht' reasons fur rhe removal nt the engine [rum til, air ·[;If~ 11$ t~ied in chI: IU_fDM or Engin' og 13", k, rhe ,H~t~p'Jnrrl'$ fHlJml. and the cnndY'ii(lllS rea[h~d fly OVeJ'hRUI personnel as to the cause. nit' P\u'p<l~eof !,uhl i~hjllg UI!~ ~ligc·Sl I~
10

fllnna!l<Jn ~s I'o~.ihle l'dl1li~c l.. the number or engine failun-s Ie;rlg dpeti~DL"tl (111~th"~ engine rno 11:'1. the .causcs of farlures, ROa the l~tl!~t i nf u e mu t iu n rt~ V. lOrr~'t'v(' art;"n I~k~n tI. prvvent them, Armed wirh tld~ In formntlon , the "rnun t)J'1tile jub·· wdl J"-' In ,~ i'oNh:r pnvit inn h. umlersmrul hlbi'quip meru, ['1 he un guard ag'linst its wenk points,
PHOTOGRAPHER L. E. LEONARD SWINGS K·1B' CAMERA. AT SNB DOOR 10 SHOOT OIHIOUE PHOTO~

provid ..

11"\',']

pcrst,I1r'lt!1

well1

n:; much

J[]-

Photos Aid Oilmen
UWET.

obli9uephotographs.

seeking new sour _. of petroleum around Point Barrow. A detachment of Patrol quadron 6l, hib,ed ,It Umiat. Alaska, the past summer, photographed Colville River and
J.Jl

hot with ;I X·IS aeria] camera from the rear doorway of. an t.NB-IP, flying over rUg8ed Alaska terril in, IHm't:J .1 valuable aid to gc:ol!~ghu

rartie...:; is in accurately recording locatii;!11 of all Iossil and rode samples.

aids these

phOrogrllphs

are to the field

the

banks

of

the

This information is the most valuable of ,Ill gcojogiti\J aat-a. Low oblitlue photogr;lrb$ were g.iven ,)Oo/r overlap when shot with the 24" lens, The photo pL IJ(: Hew 200 to 00 feet above the terraln about 4,000 to 0,000 feet- from the river banks and

its tributaries for 1,400 miles. TIle rictures were part of
lJo.:rj,11 survey which VP-(il 1'J1tH!t: of

paraJ1d to it.

:food coordluctien

be-

entire L.!l ul Petroleum Resent' Nn, 4. A field geology program JS underway,
the plotting "tructu re of the Pet j area for oil prospects. In the past, it wa Mee~S;lCy for geology ~,a.tti~~ to select workioS sites by tr.:tversi"g rulof1;griver bank s

tween ehe pilot and photographer is rel}uired. to get the be t picture . Thequacllon drew up plans to mount two lX·l ramerss in a dl.llli mount S0 that aerial Kodarelor Mid black and white film should be taken simultaneously. This \ Quid cut fl}'ln,g time '\0% and ins-ure rcrnplete coverage the distriu.

.w~illlbili[\, rurnmensurate wLtlt :;afelY A Iurthcr purpose of th.is digest IS, to .provlde ;1 ·-Quartt'rI, ummary of Air(mtl !!ng;n, Life" (h,I~",1 IJn eflginL-o;di"'I.,"t'mbh,d n] overhaul a:ctJvl!tes) lind liWl""h., (0 mnke l.1\'lli\".hl~ busi plllnning .lLllu which i~ used, In ut:t('rmining en we requirements. [Jew ensine t'tl>cuft·1U~llI, und »verhaul schedule . At present tli" digest tf)nr.,wn" iufnrrnarion un Oil])' lh.l Prntt and Wlmncy models Qr engines. In the future nthcr rnn nufaerurers' !lwd"l, ",fII be added lICi~il ..11 cngllJt'~ used III naval avianon arc included. Alth, ugh Favorahl reports h.tvc been r~u'ivcJ by th l'lureal.l {If Aeronauu on this drgesr, It J~ bclreved tha] turther improvernonts ron he made i~ it 8S lime g(l~ on, Any suggestion, will be welromed, Rl'lllC!llbc.r I till yiges\ proviJ';:1 you with lir~l han I jnflmnll!inn [It) engine failures. frequency 01', "ntl .reason for failures, a-nd "lmG 1<', l,ln dCI, and are dojng ttt prevent

~nd to know

nO\

til

rmlht1Lill

1l'Ia.""Il1W1\

fll\:Ur", fnjlll~e~_ pi (J I the Air mlf' 1111 gill'/' 0 i'twh.llli Di;:<'Jt are limitt'tl: Ihe!tfnfe they should be given cardu1 distributron wben received by

en c,

or

sonnel

tl1e- IDa [ur comnnutds t .. il'l~ur" that a 11 per. concerned ha ve ;\Gte,s' til the dIgest.

co

[OOl

the

or by beat, The river hnnJ.;.5 are only good Indirntion of rock struc-

8;gger

Bonner

Boosts

Score

Scuffle

Scuttle»

SaFety Score

tU[(':S.

son. It was esnrnated by geologists of the T:'>eL·1 area ~haL VP-{JI'~ photographs
would hsve saved a year of .field work One of the most valuable

WiU, a set ,?f 1arte s ale, oveLUapl ing low angle oblique photographs, the field partie can select the most desirable locations nlollg river banks for field stuJy well in advance of the field sell'

11.Ld they been avsilahle prior to aor
lield geology.

VMP.l,I,l. [,',,{:U' I t:l!J.stjc:;; show I1n increase ui wort" in. <f<jIJn.dw.n gunn ry hlt~ ~inlt' using till: AGA-type hann!;'r, Individual ,tveruge, increased ()O'ftc in some ii'l~t~D~~, Tb e A!~A'lypr: b:mo.t.'.I' rnell£uring _,,'x 2()". having an <lr~1 61.1 Sq. ft. w.a~ nsed, tMm~ly an.d during the squadron's combat readiness ii1~poctiol1. The Ar..A banner ls ·l'~df)'with 'In area Iin sq. It. xperienee in the squadron titUrOlJ> thal ovefall senres increase much in rite s of l()oo/l rather thlln 50% Increase "llowed d uri ng inspeeti an . T he ~veeage rra ir1!l'1J. pi Itll

NA' ALAM.lIDII-Ever Strict' 19'10 when the O&R depnrtment £ina Dp'et\~.d it tl()ll~.

pers mnel strov - tn Co'~tablish·.1 record nf floe
month's working (lin' WIth 00 lost·tlme i111 ur jc,~. F(lr 96 month, O&R !i.~fc!j' eO,!lioeers dr~am~J of tile cluj' wlren that renml wnuld

,..r

he estllPI i"hcJ.
On H

r

Tuesday,

11 AugUc~t, _o;a{ety engineer

Leland
,3chie"oo_

Stearns believed
was

the record I.. u.l been

increased

his

J"tMgl:

rrunl 2~D to 3nf1%.

':ongr;lLuJaring himself and fellow workers on a iob well doneAt 4:19 PJIl. (qLli[ung cime) rno emp.loyees we're: scuffling, One fell down '.Ir\d suffered II fractured skull from the tumble.

29

SO 'AR SAVES

ILOT LIVES

INCOMING"

SOFAR

SIGNALltfCOIIDS

ON PAPER TArE AT MONTEREY

STATION

CHRONOMHEIl

TIMES SOfAR

IMPULSES

ON 1APe

TO GIVE

BLAST DISTANCE

WIlith is taken rom the principle it employs- ound fixjng and mngll1l,c:. Insofar !IS the Jverage ind ividunl LS r oncer n ed in 1948, SOFAR is [ ust another gfllmmnticaJ phrtl e commonly used in the En Ii h language. I may ell.sily be predi ted, however, that by new meaning, oat only to Ei1gti~h·speakll1g peoples, but to air and rompktcly
SCiI, voyagers all Over the world. lie t .rm .OFAR will come inro c\'cry tby speech as frequently as radar and names of other war-born de elopments which have proved higJ,ly SUll'CS:;J ul il'! the 1[)50. PAR will have taken on a

NAV\ 's making it difficult for aviator to get lost .It sea these days. It has recently developed a safety technique called SOFAR. rbe name of HE
;Ul

T

safe

and industry.
For its

operation
lISC

of peacetime

commerce

three ll)onit0ciog stations to Jetect the underwater signals erit out by the JHoruted bomb. ft.) it ha~ been developed, it is as slrnple as this: a cas..away on t the seas drop. the small bomb over the side of his life rafL AIler il ha reached a certain de th it detonates, and the succeeding explosion sends out ound

pt(iaUy devised "bottle

aU that is necessary
Cllr ..

bomb and

is the

an intriguing story, ..... ieh rerh-ars is 1.1 i.nd kativt' oJ the hiBh degree of ((lOp· eration among the various Navy bureaus

,\,JILl Will
covered

shortly before World Wnr n. by Dr. Maunre Ewing, who then was (ondul"tillg experiments ill' underwater sound transmission al the. Woous T[ole, Masv. O(e:aoograpJu Tnstrtunon, in the ocean

ployed by

industry. The principle emOFAR W(lS - actually dis-

si811alS which are picked up by the mon ittlrlng stations. By the triangula.
tion method, the source of the ouod is leterrnined and rescuers are immediately dispatched t€l the area.

IS a depth flil1&rin,g From I '500 to 4,1)00 fed at which the vclo.city of sound is at a minimum, At this minimum wJocilY, there exists 9. sound chaond similar in cffet::t 1"0 a peaking lube. he Jcplh ~hjs channel in an, .ue;\ of ocean is determined by the te.rnpcratun: and rre~!R!te graJieots in that ares, and II. sound ociginatjng in the channel may be transm itkd several thousand mile, Ir was 'urther discovered Ih'lt sounds originating utside the ell nne!

D

n, C\X'tNG (VUllO that

Deve'lopment
t)' technique

of the OFAR safeby the Navy 1'1 in itself

originating I,Ll the channel, The possibihries of these discoveries in .rn air-sea rescue sy tern were pplfent, and during the latter tages of the war Burem 0 hips m conjunctiou wilh the Woods Hole Institurion bC"t:,ul development of (he SOFAR locatIO!:!: system. The system, It was found, Ivn;, soun I, but the small bomb employed in experimeets to detonate beneath the surface and send out the necessary uuderwater sound sigu<lls, was uoc ••tisfactory flu US!! by Inexperienced per-

do not affect the trausrnissiea

of 'I.:mmb

sonncl.

,_ollsequently

the Bureau of

I

R STATIONS

ARE lOCATED

AT POINTS

ARENA

AND SUR 'ON CALlfOllN1A

COAST

AND AT KANEOHE

bomb which could -cil'i1ian aswell engineer, physicist. Or what have you,

Ships requested the Bllreau 0 Ordnance to un ertake the d vel o prnent of

be u ed by any one

as military, whether clerk, stenographer, brilliant or ord inary.

30

Be triGlcd

up 011 a cllll,.piuagm e>:l~o1>ed by removal of the cap. When the dcsign.,lted dcp~b is [Clichet1 water pressure is sufficient to rupture the diaphragm, and J rive. borne the f ring piJl~a.lL'iii1g almost instant dtrlor)d.lion of the charge. Within a matter or minutes. rescuers hl1Ve receiv:eu the information ploi'W5i in the monitoring: staticns nnd call be on their way to the D.urlng evolution of the "bottle cap bomb" mm}' other problems faced the cteV'dopmentcJigrneers of partkipatinl5 o,~anlzation;;. One of the!ie was the dc~sign balance between st ructural strength and pl'iOrH~r compenen t opera. tien in the bomb. Another was the ~dect'ioo of the diaphr;lgm mateiial. It: I~ kno,w!.l thllt (0 rLo s iOn reduces lhe thickness of the diaphragm, and so decresses pre!J>;u re lit w h icb II will ru.ptUJI:. It was nC(e~sllry therefore to, use a rnaterial which "'1'(1-5, corrQslon-resistant lint! which l~ad the proper pli},si(;..:ll char;l(tCI isl ics. Ma inca inil]g constant water scene.

I

Sof(u bomb wjthc:xtcnsio~, For use on llirrraf\.; men test water for phOlll;" ~it(>

Underwater cagr of hyd.rophone shows loni..t.ion of listeniog devices and eables ning staJ!e~ were to be located at Point Art:na, just ncrthwest ef San Fmnrisec. and K;aneohe in Hawaii. So important' and necessary does the N<tv}, consider its' SOF AR progmm fer the accurate location of accident and disaster survivors, that the Bureau of Aeronautics l111sundertaken the developrnent of'll. special rack .and Iaundter to ll.dll.rtthe. SOP AR bomb to :llr~nJt use, It i consLruded so th9t it wiU operate even if the pilot or crew of a pla.ne have not time to record their location priot to anemergeflq' sea landing. Meanwhile, a production coatract has been awarded by the' Bureau of Ordnance to the Thomas A. Edison Company, West Orange, N. J. for s.coo of the bombs which will be utilized mainly for practice and training purpOSecS. Yes. it mny be safely .precHcted that :although SOl"AR, in 1948 is jllSL anothee grammalical phrase to the average English speaking individual, i~ will become the by-word of rescue to, arr-sea V'oyagf'fS of all nations und hnguages b.}' 19'\0.

bomb were set by February 19~6, and tI contract for its develcpmeat-c-to be ;.~lmibj~tered tl:tc Navel Ordnance by Labcratorj--ewes awarded to the Frederick Hart Company, Tnc., of Povgblu:epsit'. N_ Y., p1<RlttcCr_s of sound
rr.·cording CtJ,uipmcnt Daring tl:c war,

O

PE)tAL.10NALrcqllir~~tf)l~

for

the

this compilny had (Oopenlt~;J. with Bu. u of Ordnance in other developts - especially in dcveloprnerrt and produetien of the practire ~lept:h charge, Mk l5. To expediteLllC program, it had been decided earlier that a mocUficatioD of the Mk 1 S would prove: satisfactory. So by May 1!)46, there was iaitiated the design modificatio.il to meet nq u i remcnts of the SOFAll bomb. Amoog other requirements, the spedflcatm.ns designated rnaxunum dimensions :I{ld weight oC the bomb, and furt:hl?t stipultrh:d that adjustments. be provided for deronatlnn at six possible 1.lCI,ths ranging f tom I,SOU;to 4,000 Ieet in Incremeats of 500 feet, The ruudamental problem being. the evolution of ,1 small bomb that could be rlaccd into operation by ;lnyent, an ingenious idea WIIS advanced by a Nava! Ordnance Laboratory engilH'er conoec:ted with l'h.e rro,gram. This was the ~battle Cllp" de~'igl1' H works like this: the depth of !:he sound channel. at the approximate 1001tiQn .of the c>lillnwaj is first det'e~min.ed by use of it small (h:lrt accompanying the bomb. A coreesponding bomb. setliog is then 5elcd-ed frOID a series of si·x ~1mped on the periPl1.f'11 of the device. ,,/Ill! bottle cap dicedl}' beneath the selerted reading is then removed (with the J.ccI;.JJllpanying boule epenes) and. the bomb is dropped over the side. As the devIce sinks. water pressme builds

Data from sofar receivers are plotted to obtain fix on location of explosion presS-lire in rests of the diaphragm also presented a major problem, since, water being practically ineornpressihle, the bydrcstalic ~rcsslU'e lPlIDt.Jiatdy dropped when the diaphragm ruptured, Before the end of 1946, hewever, th~~ and many other operational problems had been ironed out, and the FrederiCk Hart Company, after successfully meeting specifications of 0. bomb For the pro)!lmm, was oroefc,Lto prod 110: 2) of tAt bOlnbs· for further experimenLatiop by the Navy.

Mech
MAG-l

,locked
the gui'~ who

in

VF

Plane
.11.

As a result

by July 1947, wall able to announse successful complealon ef its first Pacific Ocean tests IOn it long.r.an:ge underwater snnnd system fo.r locl:1lling air and ship accident survivors nt sea, It further al1fiOu.nceJ that j, mnnber IQf fOUIpound and sb:.pound bombs: which were dr.opped in ttlC vicinity of the Hawaiian Islands, were beard an.d suetess-fully reeorded 2,;300 miles away by the first opcrati[1g SOFAR s~atIo.i'I set up at Point SllJ: near Moaterej', Calif . The l'fnvy also announced that rhe otbe~ rnaoitoring stations then in the plan-

fir

t, CHlmllil- POIJ:'IT-Rere's

new

e};-pedment.s, the Navy.

Il!iog"--II mech gettLng lodi:-ed]1) the h~..8· ,Bafi~- compartment of a fighte r, W'hile ll:i~ 1'1lr-~ was boling turned np p.tiur to ,L bombing }lQP, the mechanic iQ~uVtrl~nt1~ $'(i! locked in the compartment. Engineerif~g dep;,;r.lJl.letll hes c"!illvcd a !i~ tu prevent ·lhis from rerurri og,

(.In!! Ior

h:.we"~een

every,

Al nny tune when the baggage ,,(~e.ss .:hro r is ...pe ned I or any reason, roo ~'lr!'amll' 5 extending curside the p!tLllC arc :lflix«d til ihe inside nf tlre compartment in such 'II way as to "e«'~$r:tnu: err!erir18 it 10 unfasten them, Since the door umnot he closed on the streamer, ·th'~ automatically insures an inspection pf the ~omp!lrtrnet\!. iP±crior be. fmc the access bUS1}1ge- door can be dosed.

31

N EPTUNE'SNOS

ETU R RET

I'2.Y·l NEPTUNE HAllA

NOSE lURII~T WITH TWIN .50 CAl, GUNS MOUNTED
VX"I

FAMOUS. DROOP S'!ilOOTF1RS1 APPeAREO ONTH'E RECOlW·HOlDING

'lURftE'

'NAvY'S P3Y Ne!Jfl/Ne i~ going: to .have a nose tClrret-at least the a nt ,i :H! hrna r i n t: 'version 0 r t lut long· nUl!;':: bomber will be- sporting <l twin .20 mm, gun turret, First mode! l':.W·J·S Wen! Rtttd with HE J win

T

:~o machine gun~ In nose turcal rets. Then carneu special version of the P~V~I, the famou$ 1'l'1Il'/(lIml Tln'il e, wit h a unique "droop. sncot' nose installed for tb e h j~toric Auseral ia-ro-Oh Io IOD.!:t distance record fli,gbt of I l •.236 miles. This high performance nose shape was perpetuated in the V2v-Z's and .1'5. Instead of turreb, these airplanes hsd slx lixed 20 rnrn, cannon iii, the nOse. When the P JV type- ,I ir p I an to was
nominated l\l"0.
'I $ubmiltind

was ;l zecernmendarien that a nose lookout starreu be provided, to aid in visuu] .. !>dill orket " Jeleoiol1, and equipped W-ith visual bombillg aids and s{·lIfchl.\ght controls to aid in sub ntrncks. Unfortunately surh a change of COIl· Ilg'ur.atlon would entail sacrifice of all forward gull .~[epower, ,md! even Ir thi's Were militRtjjy acceptable, the re1n0vai of the nose guns would produce
an unacceptable dlaD.gein the aircraft

Gun, ~tardlljg,h( and h(Hl.lh.<illi1T lim, uperated sunuitaneously, [rom :1 smbili,,(J I)()Kiliuu. since the hl!l'~t wukdL.l h<.gyro s!'lhilil\eJ. trol,

<t.

The bip; question

"Will such an installation gr,ead)' redure the present good P2V peTlormllocc?" This 'quest.ion has been
'W;!;J

proposal

Ils~odateJ with this

~w'"red

answered

center of ,gravity position.

the bas-is of rts range, en durance. mao neuverabilitv and ether J:lm:>aft characterisncs, StlU!lU ron vx-: under CornOpDevFor wa~ asked to assist BuAER in deterrnin iIl~ tht:: best CQnfiguIlltion. crew posilionin.,!! :tnJ ~quipment fctJUirr:' rnents for.3, siJ,'('ial AS\W version. Aroon)J: th~ rnany suggekltiO!ls made by

hunter

O!'I

Armament division of BuA13.R therefcre suggest,!'!xl that Instllll.aLion of the .EmI:!L)'On bill. I twin 20 mm. gun turret if] tilt ai rcmft nose mi,ght provide nn acceptilhl" solution since, without introdl.1cin,g a GG pmbtem, the turret installation weu ld _ptovj,c:j e:
1. A le,oki1Ut siariGi!1. ::, Pun' .I,n:! linr"w~r
H

by f1iGht tests and jt was anin thl!' negali \'C. Perf 1J1!:!.n anl.; loss was Ilcgligiblt:. Leckaeed Aircraft Corp., noW will b<:'" asked to study the rtOposiLic:;ning certain electrouic equipment normally carried in t1H' nose section. Ir this l~11 be ,t((omplishe.d sa:tj.~fillctorily, it is e:peered that they will be' gjven the- green II~t to install . nose turrets on their

or

P2V rrodu{"tidn

line,

rur

~tnl!~I~1l' ••.i rt« !IT

ir f!1!nb,!!.

~. ~af(;l1ljshr COtltruJ fr().nl ih~ b~,;( {p.r. ward luok",Jt ,,"~ttl'~'nur the atrplunr, M.,,,cl11~!l~ ,.r 111<' turret \\full,leI wtitn,j 1111'''''~I''''-'11(

A special. plastic-nose version of tht: P2V was used by VP"-&! in makin,g its recent ,lerr~J surve.y of Alaska. This tern-

pontry configuration gave photographers
ahead in

Wetll:ecr visibility
terrain.

lITJPpin,!!:

rof 111~ ,~(("nhJi!!ht_

P'lY.~

I-fI\S SIX. 201 MM. CANNOI\!

IN FJXE;O NOn

fNSTALLAnoN'

TO STRAFE

NEPTUlII.E ;N'OSE ARJ\I<AMENTFEAJU"RES TWIN 20 MM. 'CANNON

IN tURRET

32

Wind Speed in Knots or MPH
International Winds Stick to Miles
re~but do thty bJO\ 1[1.knot:; or stat" ute miles? As far as the mil itary serv i es Me concerned, it wi)1 be knots fo~

Heigh ho, my lad '. till: winds him'

all,
,dong

sinre

the

Air

ror(:l'

j,~

'ltringing
!i'~lH\l,.'t.

stn.ndMd aeronauncal

\ ith trnditicnal Navy rrtckoning in ,lJOf'.tin~ nit: nautical I11Uc- .IS the

unit of
!949.

EIt(;Cllvt' 1 January

thL·

• S.

military weather services are USing kno~ an 1 naut ic;tI m.ile!> in servjn~ hoth civil und military aircraft, A 11 weather I)bs~rvalion;,. records, arid transmissions mao..: for uviution PllIflO~(-:_" Dr the .,s. mili tllr)c~rlLbl ishrneru will employ rbt,S\;. uniu ii' rt'portin!!' wind !:ipeed. This adieu is by agreement of rhe Aernnautical Hurd and the Inrernuuona] I[ete· rulogicul Orgun IZRlioil. H' not a simple! switch fot the \Xfe::alher Uureal<, however, This oj ice is fl"lLdy to adopt the knot J'I the O'liliidard unit of wind speed measurement, but in serving mternarional uvil aircraft it is hound by :1 decision of the Air occdi natlnp; Committee made () M!l-y 1948, whfrh pro ides lhat in serving internation:!'1 air carriers the United tate will use the "Yellow Table" of the hircrnalional iV11Aviation Organization, is table COl1hliIH' tllC followin,g units
measurement: Dis! an ("5 .
AlfiflJd~li' d vatrons ,m;] c.l i.Ii'Hmsi(Iro. t:) II
;t~rnd romes U rld

See the gold (JII) Ultngr on lome 0/ tbes« "cowboys"? of exactly in lm;i~l'IIl, but [ar Ilu camer« tbrs« members of ,he Dallas J\'d'W)/ Air Reserve pOled with Ibelr falllliint Texas \/e/1rW lid/ .•• mrl (I collpfe 0/ II7ot,i" actors <It MeA I!l 'L oro. Left to rich!, tn the II'0til j'()U', Ibtl) <II'".' u. nr. P. Goff, u. T. E. L()1IIt_, Cap, J. L. Shellito, U. t. M. BroIl11<', 11'" u. S. F. Riebardsou. 'tel'mla Utili. Lt. J. A. W/illd. bti111,~/. t: I. Md)iJltilld, LI. C. c. (h'Ct'/f, Jr." aud R. Rruhmall. i btl two g"Jis m fhe J/liddiB' oj bark rom are u rOf/plo: (lj ,tel II,.). lark Carron .md DellI/is A{org,nt.

'hoIt Ji~t!\nn'~ HUIU!lInt,d
Vl·rtl

Ft'cJ
1'II,!utt· milt"!' f1~r

~f1ei.-t:l

huur
Feer p<:r minute ,~I:iltule

.1 speed

Wmd direction .(t,d wind speed
kuul h"j,llht

Degrees und
Fed

tlJile~ per hnLlr

Vi,ibilitl' Alntneter ·('[Ung.,
Temperature Wi!lltlm

itarute rrules (Of fr (lions)
Intbes

of

rnercurv

around the cO\IMtrys-ide and leave? For the benefit or former flyers .. It may be reported tha, the y,'Qrcl "tritinin~" is heard just a:; week-end

W rryin.g

HAT

I:> life like in It peacetime S9unJ ron? Is it one round of

You Never Stop Learning
at NAS
AN DU1UF1

Centigrade -I !lund

often now as during the War around an operational quad ton h I1lgllf. for instance. Flying tll€ big J\1m'iltet'J is a job, but the s<.juudron is not negletting other phases of a naval offiret'$
levelcprnent. All

Take

VP·4Z

The edu lltionaJ program for enlisted men abo IS shapin,!! up to quuliFy them for advancements in rate. It includes Iectures by qualified petty officers, pro. gress tests and e.. xanunetions, Th tet;ts are made up by squadron officers and chief!: sinrc the) are available from no other sources. earnanship is being stressed and j!iven to a mQ)otity of
perxoonel,

the . '. Weather Mureau will u e knots in rer'lOrlil'lg wind speed in codeJ syuoptil.1 messages For teletype transmission Oil ervice "A." ,wd iIJ code-d rad if) transmi sicns and exchange) for international purposes, It wilt COnU11l1l;' to u e statute miles per hour for reports of surface wind speed in cletype S(,lJU~C~ 11 trvj(;~" A", in '1] language radiu transmrssions for
COn5t'<'[UC1:uly.
dtllml'"t".

to take the eorrespcndence course on Navy Regs and keep an ofhcer's note book to 1(':1n nbout squadron ml m in ise
trarion.

j unior

oflicers

have

of all

Questie

1111

tit'"

are used

by

uepllrtmltLltt'

1ll1J answers

civil aviation,

for take·off and

Lng uf rivi J airora ft in inrernaticnal rervice (ICA0) at U, _ terminals. in pluin hU1guage and "Q" cbde ground ..air transmission to internerional fliglltS, and in all report. to the j1.eneml pu lie.

qu stions I1fC entered in the notebook. AJditional sections on naval customs, traditions. usages, law and other sup. jed' are mduded in the book, which becomes the persona! possession of the olTIcer. 11H; C. . often in peers them,

to these

head

A peei .. } syllabus has been frepared to qualiry l.irl\t pilots ilnJ patrol plane commanders. The squadron has had intensive training in H)·boof. patrol Eights wbi h emphasize n:H'igM·ion. radar, gunn.ery. search and formation training. flour pilots :t .Lty get two· hom periods in the PBM Link. ix Four-hour AS\'{! ,flights using sonobuoys
.4150 are millie.

()])~raUorL' with tbe tL .S. lilo/d's Btl)'. AV-P-40, which included contac; J:nJ weather reports, coding and decoding and rt'nrmins tr il1ing for key hands.

The squadron also spent 10 hours in.

33

G UMMAN ALBATROSS

Jll i(1.11 of the ftlbric inS!'IIlJe.::I I1n rho!' plane. ,[ a portable device beiug availabl • each iruih',iuull:l resurted to dev.ising some means !IF J, oe r t \I J 'II nil fabric (C,HI d j t j IHI. These Jlwtlwd rJ"g.,d fr(lIJI punching with Itn8~r to IlIpping with a halt peen hammer Tlu~ Seyboth tester was developed in nn d'f"rt 1" riictify this condition ,UtI thus .luninure the r(.~,jbitjty H{ wking ,dnft .1 plane }uvmg fabnc which wnuld be dungUO(IS I" f1lghl_ 'ril~'<levin: " e~&~ntialJy :r ~l1ring In~hla .. pun h which IS pressed a.r::ains[ the surface of the fan"il \1 nder lost. ll.csisfanCe.- IIf the lnhr K tro nenetrnr irlll of the concave con H,>.l point 01 the~"'lce is measlJJ'eJ lInti indicared I'>y tnt· plung~r end f the root which IS creed out the hack end of the cylinder IIOU ing,

New

AMPHIBIAN

SLIGHTLY

5MAllU

TH.AN

MARIN~R.

CARRI~5

THU£-MAN

CREW,

W~'GH5

25,000

liM.

the largest completed its preliminary flighL tests. and bas gone to NAT PATU'X' !lNT RIvEn where fin 1 demonstrations of the xj 1l2F will be held. As big, an MD and approximately il~ equal ill perf orrnsn ce, the Alb{ltro rr is the first airplane designed primarily fot eardx and rescue problems, It is rOlst enough ~fJ reach the rescue scene 10 a hUHY, offering a fast (mise of more than 150 knots and top speed of ground 200 knots. Working EOI: endurance and r~ngc. the speedy amphibian can loaf along at 110 knots and st.ay 10 the air 12 hours with normal gas load. With extra wing tanks, the plane em stay aloft well over 24 hours and cover 2,900 miles, which makes it almost u patrol plane, jf desired. The Albaln:!JS has an ~!O"wingspan, is 61' Ion and it. taU rudder stands 2 ' in [he air, This makes it smaller than the Il-vy' amphibious Mn,.lllt'l', the PBM-SA, which has it us- 5pi1n, 80' length and 27' height. The Navy Is purd1~ing more than a score of these
and

T -has

:I'l IjLATESi

in, the line

01

Gnul.1man

nmphibi:in planes

Mari/leI'J.

The' '.J1Uc caerics a three-man crewpilot, ropilot and radar-radioman. It can handle- 16 litter patients or eat 14 passengers cornfortllbl)r. In line with its search and rescue L1l.pabilities. the plane has good rough wll.te~ bandLing characterisucs and has one- of the most rugged . eaplane hulls yet designed. Tbough the plane only gro, ses 25,000 pounds. with full load, tl1c"' manufacturer predi ts it will be able to operate in seas (hat only the J'ifU/'iI1cr has been able to handle ill the past. 1£ an amphib of this size comes ur to the PB~fs water performance they have something. The Albatross is equipped to take a. sipSie' JATO nn it on each en trlloce bat h. These units can be loaded in the air with the hatches opfrning inward. The port ha cll is also sperially de i ned

for rough waler rescue work, with the hatch prL'aking in the middle, eoablin~ the plane to operate in high sep. with more freeboard thart is offered with the hatch completely open. ]n additi 0, a platform can be rue. out of the top half or the hatch to make retrieving of persounel in the water simple. For use s a cargo .arrier, the plnne has ample space in the aFtmta ion to handle a couple of tons of freight, lind is equjpped with a large 5 "x63" IO:J!d- NEW PORrA8~E TESTER 'OR AIRCRAft' FABRIC ingb~lh::;h in the overhead. 111c plane The end or the plunger 11Jl:S a ~eries of can carry search radar under its wing Lo}"ted grooves which indicate condition of for rescue or slcaighf search. 0 armalilt" f.1hric. If onlv the red section, of the [lhmget extends b<:yolld the cylinder hou ment is proposed. IIlg. then the fabric is unsatisfactory r ydl!lw III'me shows, fabric is questionable ur HE PI_ANI<: is a l'ri.:yde gea[ configupeih;r.ps s;,tisf:tdary for restrrctcd opemlHlD ration. with the nose wheel f Jd.illg The orange ZOLIClI,dtcates resrricted opera. directly back into the hull and the main tion (,"Jy. If ;1Jny of tbe fbree grc~fl zoaes gear folding into the fuselage in about snow, the fabric is satisfactory the same position as on the lY/irlge(J/t, N A., SA: DUlGO hal> been requested by However, struts and rctrad:ing mechn- fh-I\rn to manufacture '00 of the penettllf" ni Ill. extend down Irom the wing perjng cone Iabrrc tester for stocking and di$tribution b~ A O. T ",hllicai Ole 0 p en d icu Ia rly and out from the hull h o rraon tal l y, with tbe wheel at the 12-48. 21 overnber 1948, gives directions interception angle. This gear retracts f(jr Its use. about half in the wiug and half in the f uselage and is Caired over to present a slick appearance with the gear up. This landing gear arrangemene gives lhe plane Elenty of width between the wheels and should m ke it an easy plane toh:tndle 00 the ground, and a hard plune to ground-loop. Floats ale fixed witb a single strut. The hull i conventiona], w ith the usual single ertieal step and angular aftezbody, It is powered by two 1425-hp engines,

T

Tester

for

Aitcraft

fabric

JEHER

IS APPLIED

P£R:PHIDICULAIt

TO

FASltlC

Department Henefid il uggestion Progratn hy H. A. t'yboth. airel'llf! ;n~pect()r:it 'AS S... DlEt;O. " I'vc [mol' years th rroblem f testing craft fabrtc ill the field plagued eV,ery pilot, methanic md in pet!o{ because of their In-

,t\n outstanding comnbuuun tu testing .de· "ite", recently adopted by Bl!Al"R, is an uiremit tapm: tester submitted ul'!de: the Navy

au-

.lbiUt}' 10 determine

,acqui1!ltly

the true con·

vP-MS-I-h transport 250 miles from Sar. l11an radioed f-or lUllp, 51lying It 1111d a Si?dOlls!y-:inlured mall aboard who needed lmmediare medical aid. A squadron MMtner flm..... to the ship, m de an open s landing and took off at twilight. 0 and a half houts eifel it got the call, the plan delivered the man to the dispenslU'Y ill Son Juan. The plane was in the air 4S minutes llft~f the call carne ill [,(')r bel'p,

34

Rw~trfctea

Knovv Your Pilot Charts?
have trouble keeping track 1:If what nlvigation matetial i~ available and kllowillg whether the}
have

JIi.~hts often

preparing

for cross counlrr

locations of .Llrpl,lrt

.\JH)

broa ka;;t

sra-

The

Hyclrogmphi, Office issues me
charts and

the Tarest ed itioa

of

lications to n ival air stations and squadron. M, terial now available is listed in the latest H, D. aeronautical chart
C,lt:1J -J!.

air navigation

cbs rrs. t related pub-

the

lsneeus radi

Lions. and mstnnnenr spprosch reaCt'duces in tabulated form. Joint Air Foret' avy pnbhoulon AN OS-I"'-.:. Radio Oilla :mel 1'IIgbt [fl/ol'7tNlJirm contains JnylighL and darkness tables, flight rule. Bod miscclAeronautics distribute

information.
thi

d.ltetl

I.

July 1948,

which is reprinted about twice a year. For seaplane operation '. the U. S.
contains
ROllte MtNll1f11 H.D, Pub. )06 detailed chart and information en seaplane facUities.

publica; ion.

Bureau of

BOOKS
WI",t I. l'-SWI ..,! rm~'l"n h"(I'1I1I 1'1'<IIlUC~. Ln '. O"ylt,otl. 0111". 112 P !II..e, (A rp-l.... i!J; <>11 1,J"eniIIH<\llon ;;inti" prepared by lb joint Army. NllVY 1l1:lJlO:Rll.h.cr·jc eBl.':JltriHfi..)i r€5.etlrnb gl"Onp B.~ MinnNlfloll1<. ~1i"-n.1
H

CROSS

COUNTRY

CHARTS

ealJ/d"~

nst and Geodetic Survey nOW main(ain two different series of these charts
t

chart. scale about seven miles per inch, These UfO reprinted ever), six months. The ther iF the World Aeronauti al hart, scale about J4 miles pet inch. which has replaced the old regional (h,lt!. Forty-three sheets revet th .. ertain of t1 e e charts are a1·0 published In strip form, known as Filght rarts. to redure tile Dumber of heets camed on n single flight. The e are ll[SO rep rio leu r;"t:fY !iix rnon ths, Forr.:e--Navy publication S. Radio Facility Curls IS Wright Field, II ne edition every two weeks. ThJ should b 1.1 ed in addition to a eros country chart. both for convenience and becau e the: radio information is more up RADIO )(.linr Air O1H"j (U. r~oducl'd at
FACILITY CHARTS

o\'e:r1ng the U. S. One is the sectional covering the U. '

with 87 sheet

graphic Office to' pro Ide rapid inforrnation to naval air stanon which bey might not rereive hom other sources,

warning messages by dispatch, tug.ether with [he bi.weekly Nailer:- to AI/;,::(m'[ make ur the Navy notam system nperated by the Hydro-

and sre,ial

Mf!'li1lJJlmJllm

tor

AII;~/(JJ"J

by mail,

'I'h V'l"lIOl\~n
{HII'

~'MI·_"" Cy Cal~w,·!l. _I. N nv, Iud. j' 1>. 19. ~Q. lla·1I6, (A w!tll lh;,' 1I11,r1"" Air D~tudOfn~,n n"L Floyo1 Ben, nett. )
'lit
t

MAGAZINE:

ARTICLES

11."., """It

Gl111 'I'\",hlit('~ III r""'·n~l1''''''llgh. Pnul H, son . .-\(,Irv Dl!Jf1;;f1f .Nr,'V~ HlfHfR J!·2u,. ~BrHhfl d.t:'.\,ulounl'lfI 10 'h1J'iluJ11V'P:J..

J)n.

WI1k1n. lQ!3,. 110.

.1<It F:,,!<,tw T'8~~ull'ing. 8 .'rp D;_fI~"t. New. 1948, n, G1. I Ni'w ~h"'k'j"'u"[ .hil, .. jug <!Onl;n.in~r·1 ll".-Ilft> 'l'urb,>,j.,l [nJltuJj:.U un a, Purl D. J. ,I",..j"". ..l~", /!ip.,~t,. Nov. lO~II. JIll. 14· 2. J08,

.,r

n,

Repairing
.1 qLII(k,

Engine Unit Gages
procedure fur
reptlU'")llg

.'1" .. ,1

An aircraft instLumel1! mechanic at NA:S urpus Chr15ti, P}djip P, Lev. has devised ~ngjnt umt b'll,gt"l> in Sill!! aircraft. Uod:e r th~ propo ... p~urt'dUTE', the :in· d stru ment gag< ~ t~lIlu",t'o.I, from the P3[,!'-) unly til enough 10 :1111"'- it to bl! Olilbra!cd. witlwut detachIng the Iines. The bulb at til f'LW of the ~llpil Luy tube is removed rum Lh sump and placed in jI pan of hl,t water, A thcrrnometer III the water f urnish . the correct temperature and provides s basis on which lO calibrate the gage. Thi~ meth"J require appw:xirl1a{dy two man-hours ..nJ eliminates the need f(., Jtl\!'<'I1I"!!. all the falr·lcads and removing the IIl]e~ from rhe pl.me. The procedure, submitted under the ~<tvy Department llenl'nciltl \1!,}gestlOll f'r()s~m, is remJllLl'~n{]tll fur list Mil.)' in qperarm& squadrons whore th accuracy rI( II g-age is

simi'lUied

vinliuH and tb t"nll"nn. of It_,. 1I11"'!01l ," I<J'ri".l~an$l'll Air~nt!l- ~""-r Adm. T. C. ';O"')!jn",,~. IISN. A<1ru1I<Ulti<ul l.""Jliq.~rh'(I It.· ",'. w, lu,~. no- 1B-2l!. Illus, Th~ Aplllh:milm 01 MO!",,-lltlrl!'>' t<;> ""','.l'tLn Dei'ihtn, J.;ut) St!t1n(,lru. <1'"] ~t~ntGlttiC'ai Engl.p,e.iI!In1lfi ne<li",,'. N(},·. l~~a. U1l, su-ss.

l-I"....

An Outl1"" or l'lelit<lpt<!I' n""I';D. PMl}Jl. J~lln C. V"gel. ,·1 11)"(£0(', 11 ff.~ i~"" 1~"', Nov, 19 J.8, Ilj;l.
l~, 19. 2Q. Door OpCfl~'] \0 >~_t>ort of ,r,•• J,'ight!fY'i. Rob<!rt B. Hot.. Vluual> 11'".10. )Sov, I. liltS, 1111. l!l. 19. XT'r,Y.1; Lrstest. NflV:'> Flying Ii""t. .t.,,<1(.)('" Weck. No",. I. 1!!4l1. 1)[1. 1:1. U.

w!th

wee k.
F-8Q

~-Pt:I'i4!1charts showing
(he

to

J~t 'l·I''"''.fJ<.>rL' Avro X ;102 • .I1.1alio" No,'. 1. 1945. I'P. .lb. 20. 21. til us. .P!aI1~~·\J,b T~all' D ,,10\l,.! re.. Wlvy. Robel-t
Fl<"ft

date.

This

publicatiun of military

also contains

Hill z, At'i!J~,i!l,j

W""""

Nu",

8. lUl • lip.

1~.

la.
1n.

rnunkatinn statiens, plus data on Air fflrn: and N,I v)' GCA units, Tbj:; pubI Iml iou 1$ distributed b)' Bureau of A eronautirs, F r itlJ(rtmlrlJ.l flip,bt proredtm!!, the N,tv}" tauelard manual is the I (utal Aift(/,/_l! Pilot H.O. 510, which is issued II) activities ha"jng transport or otht:r mulu-engine type aircraft. R 'i 'ion . He mailed Qut each w~ek lO holders. Djl't'~'i aries ttlill Mi,·cd ttlU80llJ in /Ol'1fI"/Ifr/l, whidl shouJd he available at all stations r or reierell(e. U. S. N.II')' Air Facility })"'t!l'U)I,)', H.O. Pub. D·'102 con tail; , tabulated d.llt.1 all aU naval air·t'!ttions and air fa ilitie in lhe U, . This is loo'c leaf and changes arc ma-il.cd O\lt to holders. 1'/)(' CA.A, Air,JItlIh Guide, rcrinted (: cry two weeks, ontain !",,;tory of a!tpor~s and nOlices to llirmen. 1 be CA.A. /~hgh! 11l/()!'I~a"()1l JYJl'1/Jtiil published tWice {\ year, gwes a umma.ry of Vf.R al1U 1111\ It'ght rule.

loratlon

all danger
airways

areas,
com-

Flil'>.I 111 Ra.mjtf\ f'''''''~r Alrm... Wool,. Nov • .s. lU4S. n, H.

~!Ilr!lC,y,!

More AI>o41 the X-J. IMS. p, Ut.
~:l,l!r;.

..I \'1(1trG !I Woe':., Nov,

Ll\tllll!lrl" iSe.l'k. 1,1<'"J N",I'·i .. < UYurauU"", no1.Jnt M"Larl"ln. JI PI~liIm I... jIll, DP.

w."k. ~"'"

que~li(>n. bk . nd 11 ...hou III MI I"

quick d't"(k i Je..ired. 11K in &R d partrnenrs.
:1

-R veal

2~,a2.
Piau

11'11~1't!(f~lt~IT1Irl"IlIII"JJ 1'"L DI'iU."S.. l";ll.J(oJ. Wr't"~,

J.~mc-hmr.le..'t:. Ivan Nf}V~ r:i. lH-4.~. PJ.h

l1re~1,. N()v~ :t2_, 1114 ~

l'J'(,Mlv"tJ"TI

Stu r'ts
"{ill.

Ht
]:!~

Nuvy LTtlWr"J1~ 11>0 '~l Flgllh,r. n"bed H'l< ••. l'lliulW" 11'•• 11. No v. Z~. !ti18, 1>1". I~. 13. (XF1U-l eli_II."",,) glu,)(.! lne rSY!lh;o,nJ 1·'a"'Jo~"l.-r "FUfl~ ..tv.atw •• NUl'. £9. In111, 11. J~.

r,,~t

l:i.

CtifflL~

Ati'-u!iO?J;

W.,,!·,

r..

r(~l

!lug ('ut ";"rtlt 1"1Mtl>- A fiT.'RIm Htlu.ln"A. !'t<1h.,1't M"'!tlll'!'vn. [,',ull'TlI 11",""'" No". 2\1. ·IV 18. rll" IK. l:D.~l. ~I, ROil
:f!;ig;l'l ~

FI.-lng BUjlt S~"l" . ... ." ittl i.o j ~ W '~f,r1:. 1
"f

Diu ..
.IIlL,

U'I.~. :!~'.Hi 11)t.. ,J p. /0'1'11''''''
Deo.

loi>KI~I.l'j·~·l'Hh'''
~:!.

n

2(1:.

JlP, 17~i. 71. 72. ,!two 1'I)liI'l{ Ll\e Jilt.. H" .. .md WII..,,,. l

Ioho!. I • S.

At.'

F'urc, ...

U .<. 1918. nec.

Touted fO be Jhe /aJleJt'lircrajt

tlhe{u/ olll y ~) I hI! thl'tut of d 20" 1'a1i1~ W' IJII Ibe11llltgllP, PI.me har a ]-33,

to Pf'J1L'f!1' a plalle trJitb (/ pilof Hying j" Jhis pief/II'I:: iJ all F-80

engine bec(J.ltJe it haJ no ftltlvill..g parts, fhl! "~r!I:jet ,b41 been tued l/;e llr JI time

,rets At tHI. t~l..
~.j.

I!"'.~. IUt!
6u
f

Flutr'!!'.

ti

I

21-1~7~.

V7.

N.lt Sim!,1:"",
fiG..

Fi,II'/J,

1~18. Pl',

It}}'

U"F!l<llln~

lbe l"-8Q. FI~I"u.

I}~~,

1~'18, 1)1.1, 33·

ill

f(.

S~ull
I.tG,
I\,

J/JO'lfer/

dJlnll~t or h<1'11lnjud<r~

rl... "'jrt~, c [,i{p, NM, 22. llH((, uP. HI· 11111". (N'lv~"-sPo1J~"'<?c1 urojcoet to red\l"~ j OJ ah,,,,i(ft l'Il"h .... )

Nnvy Q.' ,w Air ~'Il:•..,"7 WJ!IJ.un lk"Moll') lIu! .. , R"!ldi:lr'R I),'pffi, De~. WJ@.. (Jll. ~~·'n,

3S

thar

[U1k~Sc.:; that

ur e ,mIlII and d$('\Jlt

to
follf

AVIATION
.I:IUllll[5 SHOUL:D Bf ADDRES$ED '0

rHE

ORDNANCE
CHIEf

measure wid} lither devices can be rested
;[t

01' BUREAU '01" ORON.iifU:ll

deflectlon. Til" elcctrunic stress-struin tecordct present IS equipped ~ record de Irnm 11 1(100(1 (.DOIII) "f ~n inch II! inches ;:;i III1" I), 1,)- int'~fdhllJg;rlg di., l enters.

Wont

Ordnan,ce

Material?

II rt(1 NO is C"P edcll~ ill & J 1m OJ_! t I' ill gel. I "'I!; supply acrivlties to Iolt"", rhe IastrucIj"n~ 'If tho;' I.. test N,lv0rll Flinn 14-sA, /!Ii,~I"'JI (hJIIO>{f." E'f/l/P/lleUI' R.f"'rl, 'rhi, rep'"n rcvisecl in ,.t\ pril. L<Mil. Mlu JI~' Iri b" ~~J~" "Vi.Him acti ~iti ,,;.: AI! .I(!ivilit'f. concerned \\"ith aviution flrel· h"nc~ "4\,l,l"!lwnl are to IJSc Lhi" reV i-ed Iurra iJl uccordan ce- wit h I he ins tnK1 ill ns ((11)(;) ined therem and the rMlruttinns pJ:omlllpitctl by

w",

N"vOrd

OCL

\'!.~; (1[1<1 1I1·~,". ,II

Ic:"·i,j"[lt.

Ilwr~t". Co;rt,! '" ile"''' u( $pedo I note are , Av ,~twn ordnanre equipment b li~fe.cl by g:nHJp~ in· '''e"d ui 'llpil!lhetknlJy; ;;e .. ;,I! spare parts, 11'1'1.. arul .u:(e)8N ic> are J /socJ IIlllng ",nil Ili~ maj<)r item "r l'<j<J.ipmcnt All "f lhc spare pa:r1S (()nt"in..a in II'u; hnc rnainten~...,\, sets are I isced ...1."'& W'i~u the Line . muintouancc St':l5, This "l1rrlinutfS lbc neeesSJt,. of reportms, un NuvOrd Pvrm 1.1l:!;, W hi~ h (l>!11NII cd in ~llJ .h .. ~ to P"')" snl cJ b)' t his
rl'vj"jnfl

',,'!I' fi"ui/1m.m-AII rl!:w "'111 il'" t nem nnw r!:ut'.i1 ;1'1,1,\ rhe Ifl:'t!. ~1,d1 115 !he "i I sight ,'y~~~01 .r-.-rk 1. ""t('t,LJr 111(:-~nnl'rlil ~y.~temMk Ii arul Mk i5 Mndl. g}'I'<I Mk is, hnmbsight Mk B Muds Co und 7 and til" p~rN"peHk -I I me mcluded if1. tlus J~t(",t rev 1'$ion, D I.J~ t 11 I foe Fa CI t ha l fl~ Mti ", tlr', carry the I>ombsight Mk' I <j Mods 4• .:;:~Ind il oJ rt·I~~!:'d (:<jiUillmtru, ntlter ihun th~ bomb .. ~!gbi ~t.1hil iZl'!tr 'Mk I", these item are not hsred.

U,j

flf

"I

148 ... ,

,r~n

''''11.1 ;SOl<nD Till:, form should he prepared In ~.l'c"r<J:~nC'e wnh Ell '(iANDA Manulll Vol .. ume 11 (S Ltp r I y A~ h,,,re) [1,1 I1Igr1ll'h ..'.10:;1(I), except that a mirurnuru five wpie" i~ r.,qlli(~d.. When I're?~"IJ1y Ihi~ Form, iterrrs uf Jiifert'l1:\ $UEHb~$es ,If da% J~! (, .e. J9,1 T, J"'!, etc.] us presvib<;,<l 1(1 N~ vOrd OCi. v N1 5l!11 til d bl~ Ji~te~1 un Lhl: SJ.jl1O;!$hN~f. whew f>11~~;b!e. m~killg hdJ u :Ie III the spacc ~vwlabk, Mhljmmfl S/<nk l.fn,f-Bl'Okl) upun re ceipt Irf tile l·I!6'A reports "ill to.h ,1"tinn ttl f1J rn i~h rertll in items fr. IIl,tl.jn, ~'" Dpl) points for which a ,Ill inimum stock, level h"~ been dererrnined. Items !1~cl'.s~1ry t" Il\W.tthi~ rninirnurn wuppl}· level wiJ! befur nished to~ethe~ wi rh material reql.jr~11 1m the rnuriae quarterly sln,k rep J enishrn en t as in d ica ted by the ~1", rtllEe;1OIi in

~uhrni,!;.,i_lln dilk

til be u~!;:J fnr ~#lerg~'J.rJ ,.,,,I~'mf!lJ/efll 13llly .," the replenishment IIbtai mNI rrtlrn filling <Ii ~ho{t-J.ge,~ tl)d i· ~,lt",d tin the 1.I~A report will hike rare "I must requiternems, BuO.fto J5 !rfejV~lIg man)' ,.,f these ,s&J\ .2Z0 Iurrns, sumr of v,li_lich have lUlJ It, ITtl\ny ,1, cight .'0 nsecu I ive ship men! request '11 umbers with till' j(kotk<tI
ifI,J;~flm

OeW!>et, I~H4) is

ami une item !tstl'd on

(''(lch

ot

RECOIlO~1t

KEEPS "~I!M.ANeN1

IIE.CORO Of

WOR·KS,

me-

fig, :! >h, 'W~ a tCSt urrangemem !If a suhJ.<s",cuh.I" Id " ","chIno: gUll muunt vn th ..
t~o'ion,e(jmpI""'~l"ll machine. Strain da.ta of Q"Tlpiln~nI p:trts' or 1111: 1TIil<Ch.ine gun ~ub·~s sembly were ~J,,, taken d Llring the test, Pi l SI1(\WS tb., ml'HUf'l.Og bead ins tulled to tile !S05t specimen, '!'he push rod to the Ilia I j n di c:J.rn r IS 5h fI wn d 1,,~nglLF:c-d f ro;J1ll chi; te~! l.irUc;(s'-' Joel' k'll in'5Ide the gUll 11\)1l~tI\\:, Fig. ;. ~11I1w~tile c('ICI1IlJdcreconler, The (:I~,· tronic section, w] ,icit is new, i, secured ~r> rhe undo:mlde of the standard recorder lum ished ": hh the I",,.,sion.<:m'llprl"ssion ma(hin~. 'rh'(; mstnllauon I,f the ,[lI.'W device 1Ilcreases th~ l!"oem i usefulness !II the (en,lnn. ,.. 'nl"(t~'Sl'ln ml.dl inc ,SblCl.' it dn~s not u.ffed the <>p!?rall"n (If lb", S!:md'.Hd' .~(Qrdt~ whid, is Ilhcd ~ml)' rur ~tIlml,Jrd leSI ~lIe(;J:m~[I~,

c;(Jlumn (h) of the

l.j~A

report.

EI.edronic
N3N~1

Strain

Recorder

til

peornulgated io BuOHL) UCI. 'IJ.Jl7 is used Ih.mughou I (he form; i.c. "1iJ.~~ <j,j with

N.II

Stf)rk

IV IImb"r,iils-St,'~k for guns, lire

nl,fmt>~.riog

sub-clussiticatmn

(qTltro.l.

hmTlb

!)aluJII!1.S' ~Ild pv"'te~hnfc eqllfplllLHt. This n\lmhc--r is rrcfix~J Ii}' J (0;1 In.litl!.tt' it i~ illVtntnr,;' C(lOtroleJ by tbe !3Uf\!;U.Q "I Orcl..

nann'.
1\.I.II,--Skt'~'1 uqd
TI'''}'

:Sl,,,,,tin.!):

E'luil"

~=-)~

Fdtt')fYI WasJ1[ngwfI, D. C, has U e vNu ped :l n t, Icctrunir ..-trI'S~·3r ai Il ret wrder t,," record nutornatica Lll' stress-strain or !Q~J <h:£Icctiu!1 characteristic. (16 Intricate parts ,.,rtti no "'Lh,m l~m& of ~m;r;fft klrrnnl'11<'nl ~~1];JI'..merit. i 1111:' utlvk" mn."!,, l,f " !I1It~Hlrin,g he'llcl or tmnemuter und u rerorder. The measuriog he:JJi (1, tmn sm me r (",~ F i8. l} '"('11'15 t, "f ,I Jlat ind.fQUQr (r,,"g~ i.ler~j,ds on d~Bel' tiunt" he m(!'.tSlIredJ wjJflltd !o a M-'VI,It,. !Olh),< f" "i~~rJ "uto'i'll. A liv~..('ln.:luct91' ft ~,lh!e '(11111<;(1-,;tIlt' rr~ll~mitt"r tn tile recorder. "'Ilkh n. o,s iSl5 (, f .un dectrt)l1i", r;o n tm IJ ed 'i\!iv<, "I~~'lel,ll ,Illu rewrcl ing drunt RuLLlilm ,If rhO:' drum I;; rrnp\'!:tiflnuJ tl, Ille deife'f!ivn (It the p,ece being tested ~i1d rh e .1 lld ,l oo:np"ti~nt being r ewrd ~d hy ~. Jl'1: n h which IS cnntrol!t',] by we_lglling .y.,;t~n <if Ihe 'ten$lon ..{OfDpf~Ss"'n m"cb"'t:. Th" unique fca~ur~ @O( tilLs ~l",l'ict' is ~i1" mlm~\rr!ltg Il<r.Id which QUI Iw imralleo1 t!l the It$1 l'ix!'llre 5U

Cun

Cleaning

E'rror

Ffres

Oil

!I',,,

:YR-!, 1,,,'1vx£1>."r-Othcr 51:ltjOllS mlly pmtir f:rorn the <'1{pl!'r',"lIce Ir~n~l'()rl squ.adJ~'n l1aJ w,itl; ~-yplv-s' :and '" 11, 11:1. m;tI:JJ{ rnnteri~l!; which mighl h,,"'" r>rnved w,tly, -rh~ fl)aintt'nMI(l.' dIed; crew h;Jd 5},;Uo:J

V"

wi,

comidl!r\lbk

01;I

1>1'1'

Ihc

Im,rtgi\f
llf

working on JIn 1\,11. Artcmp!mg tliI de,ln it liP. "no:; ()f lht! 0,",,' (Ihm irre.1 a ~u.hsltim"

u~"k whi

k

that hud tilt' Ul'rt"lIranrt >ideroo to be Sip.eedi·clry,
mrnl. inc! uJ;,ng a>~!)dated sh • .rtsu,Il" tl".Ip~ ,mJ ta;r!wt~. J9,1 r ~Ai remft G Illl.~ :nod G un .\<;cc;SJ.)d,~. ]I'HZ-Aircrnft Flte CDnlmi, QpfiClll and a cll'<lning uompl'I,u-nl

"f

.. r\d wa~ A';;t\' aU)', it

(\0[1·
WlI$

(ukium bypnchl<t-

ri,:It,"
JI w,tS' spread Ort t6e oily su.r-tarc and wipe~ wilh rns} which ~e th!:I! pla.ctd III :a di;;po~,l.l mtl. Sud'd'ml}' tlit" emire mix .. tu.!:. bQth lh~1 remaining 0n the de~k ~lld til the mn. erupted itl 1I ...i.:lknt and fire, At[:it!Jilg~l .. f~w men ,,'(ue hy the ~XpIIlSi(ln, n,l one WIlS il1iur",d al1d M

EleCtwnic Eqll.ipmellt. , J9-13-At.craft Bomb Halldl'ing and Smoke Tmk Ilcjuip.rnem, J9'14-Aircr.tft Pyr<lttldmfc Equip IIWJl ( 1~'('I,f iJ h ""e'liI-Q ua r~~rty ~tnck repl en ...h· en I:!lUI! ~h'~lJId be opr~ ined hy I i<1ulg estJUwlt,Ll :~q,ll inu;o<ml s '3-5 ~ I, ort'l,!l<" 1n <'0I Il III J1 ( h J
<lfthe
l.\!li\

damn/,;<:

\Vl\1

~U6t:linoo

by

the- aircraft

ftlrm.

S&A

[<"inn 110 (!'cv"s~J

involved. Fl!l.rtles. were hot enough to set "If t!w Imngl!($ i1ut,(~mnric sprinklN wsto;tlL

36

runnel catche~ . escapi"Jl fuel,w/ide ( drafn flug IS 6emg

wh\:IJ the eng,ne .Ii tlllS carburerur

removed

w ..~ turned up, Rernovnl slnrwed wat sorue foreign object had entered the blower sect ion, ~< .tiJ Impeller ~Illue~ were dam3/-tcd. lnstallntion ot :1 n... etlglne flllllJI)' fMlt'.lu;.1 all ills, w

THE HOWLER
Development quadrcn T"10 reports prub.ible internal corrosion in the et1gille acces~II 'Y .. blower sections due to Foamite used 101 (nmbijt a blaze which started during taxi to take-off positlon.

Foa mite Is Corrosive.

Aircraft

nu

SEll-BOTTOMED

SC1lEWDRIVER CATCHES THE GAS

Tool

Aids w'"s

;n Jef DeFueling

VMF-31.1, Il.L TORo~EnlJlnl1Cttng departmen! has de-veiu'pet! u I 01 to ltd» in rtank drainagt' pili's on the '~L}Ll"i1wn 5 new 'r0·1 ShtmJ'iJl.(. SIMS wuhout g'Vlllg the rnech a kerosene hath. RWllll,'al uf the i"lug,li ,vioth fuel still in the ~~nk resulted in mnineenance men g~Hin!:l snaked wItb fue]. TJ,e (001 designed II' meet the problem i~ Il.luarrnted here, It W"~ mild" h)' nil ching 11 funnel w n screwdriver IL' ~lIwh <JS,"aping fuel long cfto\.gh to pEtl1lit rl!jl1(IV~ r.I r t he \l r,lir. pi \lgs. I I11tJVlng Ihe

g"lge
d

Attack

J(JI",r/l'(W

Slhlrl!

J/Je hny,f Ileed (bON billn, lO(}O# liMIer/ill minus

I s 5 IOlahi tb» bagi1t if D·2'J ilhlaecl'Mfe. nllt

binge(l

I)01e

t'IlI and with sertion .rol1led fbe probto TO-I's

~O

Iwell/pty

letu jJil'el),.

Marines
VMF·5ll.

Change

Ornery

Engine'

Irks

VRU-l

1'1 TCl/tO~Sh(J(}llIIg INrJ.l.uck· hceJ variety, are buzzjng nruund Ihe bnrren W.I~tes (11 -I T rn :IS 1/1is 5qltttJ.r ,0 qWl lifies its [;IdOl:> tn new ')"O ..!'S (~'M) Four offi-cer~ weet through {he Ajr !'(tree j -t tJ!jlnsitioo;rl school at i11i:lI"s. MiLOOl!,
then ~av'e the rest of the squadron complete wJ,:pit cherkoms and lectures on Hight ch;u'J.cler-"tL,' ,ln.l perfuroUlllc<:. The fie t

WU·l-Un 'dledllleJ englne chan es he{D1j'lC ;almoo( ruutine on the first J., that squadron assumed l'esponscibiLity for maintenance, Fil~l, 111(1 e. two engine BuNo. 768;12 required dlanglng, pUIS ...r the exhaust V'!II,,~ ~nd seat or No, 15 cvlinJer being. flllmi in the illlilkt' I,ire, Upon run-up of a new engine .lrler in· M:l ll III ion, Nn, 1") cyrH1tl~r \\,115 di~'U1;'eJ:eJ If! be pumrJin' \,:(in~id<tr1\bl... quuntiiies lif (Iii kel'tl the I$!must stack. I nvesriga linn showed. U)Bl the No. 13 cylind& had been removed about tWOllldntl1s previously ".15 U

U)'IO\lI ;1 tesr made by the .reportmi:, act'vi!)" on ;t pI ce uf magnesium, Immer ion in the •ame h;tllmite for only L9 hours resulted in bad pittlng and corros.on, Tl11i! Bureau of Aeronautics agrees with the- above condusicns. It is unfortunate that the most eHl.'<tive extiogul,111'1' Is also ilie moot corrosive. The lise of CO, LIt hI h pres lure w~ter fug is recommended for engine fires, but where there is dgnger of hllr~ing thl'(lllgh to the gtts ranks, you JUS! ~',lp'! worry about possible eorrnsicn. Wh~D the Iire is ou (, it ;s I ime for a1J hand '10 get to wm'k IMMEDJATJ!LY to wesh away ,Ill traces or Ih e EOllmflt: hath externally and rmernallv, The Fuarrute will flow into interior ports and eause serious corrosion unless this i!t done rr )Hlp!ly,

AI} effort was made to clean Clorlne in· terlor of the englne hy pulling the propel. 1.. I t1mmgi'. with the drain valves open. Two days luter, aFle.r the engine controls and lines had been replaced, the englne was turned up and severa f gallons G"f !7o(lmire were disclll,rg!:tl tluflugh the edllu)st ports. The presumption of internal COl'ro~j()n is based

two weeks, 13 l,ilM5 made their [UUt fnmilia, i.llltiun Jiight$. using Ill' '~'Ol1 l rds which flit')" completed while- La fl~ghl, These '("r.ds I\'VI': ~",rfl\!-m'lJRC data anti instrument readIn.§$ .It .dl,tIIYI:S rom -i.(l n to 25.0011 feet. DLlIing the pericd -50 hOl1[.~were flown lind the hut ruur planes kert ill rornmisskm

\'(1herec

FUR It II

te

Dr-

other

chemical

exun-

glJisht'ts <If thi tYI'e have been used to combat an engine fire, treat the eOSine ill accordance with the Insrructions in GEB 36 tIlt 'j)ipe vt [ Preservatien (If Engil1es Af lei" alt Water Immersion,

#

"itLmlt

till:

,lid "f spare parts.

This sub-

Snag Thdt Rag-

~I~ III iates II", n1,l!nWn.Ul"C: personnel' ~ ['lllai~c jll «·'.Ird I.' "l'll"'II"lHI' un.] C,HI' "f maintt'11.lru~'

Fate student and instructor aboard Field SN) recently. 'i"hllY tried

W 1> It

with theWhir.il)1l to Iowa the

rep lnremem

cy I j nder

f "I.e

11nuther

e [lSl:n~.

"F tIl\'

'10·1.

'ilndinK gear preparatory to practicing wheel
and :Il:s.p down 51nlJ,s u\- 7000 feet, but were unable to extend gear full duwn, The born conililued ~oundlng and rite student discoveted a .rag lodged between the wheel locking mechanism ·t<~d the plexiglas win-

since there were no replncernenr tylinclc ~ availeble at tbal time, No.;4 and No. ~ oJ! rontrcl r[ng$ were il1sta.lIed UPSide JbWD

'f hen this coudition had been corrected, the aircm ft was t es t 1l0""11. Aftl"r anproximll.tely 'ill minutes of satlsfilctory operation, the engine began 0 bit 1:lire in ull mixture settlngs. The clirbUlotQ.r was removed Mil another Jo~b'dled. Ti,e engim: w0111cl the n run only by constant use of tile flril1l~r. When till: engine was cut, n fire resutted in !lIe f~Thlln':tur :tir 5CU\l1', Thi~ frle- 'Ce~\j !ted from II Ieal'l 111 ixLU re ,I n d {}\Ito r
priming, Fotthcr invesLigatlon showed
Y>:3.S

dow in such

II

wily as to keep the lod,mg

!.h~t No,

13

qlindcr

thdt the int;Jke pipe hqse ,md I),iog in tilt: cow.Ling_ AFter installation of N~l. I) 1J1t.,ke pipe, th IWgine ag;1lLl

intrtk~ pipe

d.is.;onnectccland at'.... was bfllk~n

Anotller
HIS

P/'odfln·,t by
lle/r'l/IS 11

T lI/ott!11
&oie

Way To Dig A Hole
IitJ~ket
IJMlte II

pin from falling in place, The standard emergency roeUwds were used with no SI,!~{t>SS, :Che: cnglne-eringofIicer VI,1 dispatched in rhe ready plane ttl ;n.spe<;t the lru'lding ge;n. When inspection in.djc.tL~(1 thut tlw h,n(\ fOg g~":11"was not fully down lind I 'ch·d, he advised the instructor to have III" sluJelll pili the landiqg gear lever 1n tull down ,emNgem:y pO'sitil:'n, or liS far dnwn as he w~dd, and "otd it wbile

d()//.ble-barn'le.f

fine I(/x-bole diggfff.

e'lgine

hydrnulit

premm:

",':IS

"P?licd

both wiih

T{eaftiml
/)01l)1(/.1

W~$

turned

up.

It then I'lpertlt d sati!;fll~-

!nrity

in tbc $~me difficultic' as desc:nhed "hov(!

in ~ll!U rtth, btl( in auto Jelln back~t ,0'" mUllit'nlJ rressnre. and ll1e flnw indicnttd SO lb~. less per hour thlUl lllher ('l'lgin&!. R~;mlu'''ll IIf IhiS (arburCltQ! disc!ost!d that tile blnw~r ~"ltiun 'uffered PQ dll.l11.11.gefrLllll the mJ ullil)n lem lire, ln~l;dl~tlon flf ~noth\'t ('llfJ,urelur r(~ulted

,leep didtlleJer in j'DO/,' or'del'.
];2

MO()

lett

of

sr

leJ! tim! IWI f; ow the molol'

Object of t/111 If) dig boles, btl) to uc
IIJOJdd r)f!lJ'Nlfe ,11

1/J1'/~II und dtll; tUul 20 Jert in

Jl1o/r;f1, it

ae-

manual and engine I'ump. Til is Wa$ done; the ill£lrta:t:or landed the pl:l!1e; the g~"Itr held Wlt~l wi'll!. Jacks which

were pf(.)vider!
put under nnd skill rl!e

dONe

to

the

n.mwny could be

witlgs.

I1ngle. T() the "ear (If ,1 "(Icket t:nf(ine £S IUJ 1/)0/ ki&flirh~g, bIll shin/: whetl ;1 '",011·(1 do JUI' (/ fl!tll'ihmallollJ,

tbis

LeI"

preveot.,d a ll\IldioS· The I':lg i.s helievG'ti to' h~vc be.!ln blown up In Lhe whee-l wdl b;, the P.r!'iP blllst wbile.' the plo.ntl: W)'lS taxiing Uf leavInS tbe chocks. The III1'm1 is olwi(m~, Don't Ie.lve r~gs un·
l'hey're iooocent·I@QkinS h.'lZa~d~,

Hydraulic pr,essure possible wheels·llp

tethetcd.

37

maio

oleos compressed

[0

sudr

~n extent

tlrnt

INTERIM
T.hial dlL(\f.':'-11
l'I~'Vli 1'""

RE ORT DIOEST
intervals, Carburetor Air Seal. Aft"J
1]:)

mam wheel hirmg ~a~p'eJ on fitlticnt'<! JlLl!. t mil ,)f the tire, Till:' -srru pmg action l;i used (he fni ri ng [0 bend I nboard and ell t til e . Solenoid Faillire. After '11 hours, hind ~71( h 1I1.1It: illeking solenurd, r/,' Ittit I when rnrernal wires wnnc:ctlQg teelf1inal~ ttl the coli burned. rn"cc~"!I'lhl~ lm.irjnn made SOIC'IlUld removal difficult. l'hen: ii'ol~ pilttklJIur diffiwlty ll'! J'lilUlVtng IlJw~[ ("r"'llnl ~t"\UC1ng nut, Ah~t;Il!.l ,,!, rnsulal iun
lin external

1("1""\ "r S"r"lr'" "I"ISt. NNrC P":nXE'<T, ,It,"" ""~ n"r" "hrily ,'eJl~"t B11J1P.ll ,,,,Holt.

Uw·

1:.

N I~vt.,mtwr l1ri:b.1'"im ;11),1

lluurs ~lr-

plune

AD-2 (2'3 Hours) Vacllum System ReHef Valve.

he vacuum ~l'>;lern smtion relief vulve is I",-uted In the f<>rW;HJ I~tt hllnd corner 01 CO ckpit where llt'u'ssij,ilirv fur inspect iun nnd maintel1ru1cl' It; very poor. Also. air 6JI('t screen rntlect dirt and lint In ODf case, filtt!t creen was

air seal screen was Fllt/od to have seve r,,1 broken and missing. wirt"'i in an '''''11 h('llI.'('tlfl Iwto['tl:ttk 'mill:rure rontrol unit llpt'nlng 1l.nd after edge of ,U'~t<n. Failure believed caused by rapid
"f screen .in \.I n ~llPP" r red area provided for mixture e(1J1' ItI,1 ,1m/f. Engine Jmpeller was apI', rently 'lilt damuged b!, piece'S (If screen wires which passe I thmugh It. In~pcct; ..n of repkrceaient ~eBI assembly ,ihl'urhlll

Lim!", the

cnrhurl'1for

rennrnnls, h,(,,[c.' ncar hydraulic constitutes a fire l'lU~.lr.1, R~ra"I",.,.mJ Ih.lt ro:ll.j(lli ftlr JlStJ'~J,[jfj.y Iw rnvesngsted, thut termlunls be ul~~d~t... "I d replaced with Ii C',lnOUII t)'p~ 1,llIg, :In,1 Ih,l! 11 <:11 r nut be br.jl~e I un luwer lo~wilrd 11 O JIO~.

rnnr.mting rcmo al.

hull' tu f'll jli!:JI!'" in.slllllalu!n

"nd

around

upening

AM~ 11359 Hours) Adiustment Sliaft Gear. A()cr IU!l,IlILllJrlli (If a flew carburetor, It was ftl",nd thnt d,e
mixture ("lI1lIJ not be adlusted. WO'NI gcr~' drive shoulder had broken at point ., here geaf IS pinned to idle a liustment shuft. Pnds securing [lin were not Upset properly Hod tool marks 011 the pm nnd worm gear shoulder indicate tfua rivet set em pllJj'cti d id f11,1

(ul11pl",tel

dogged

b), butting

rn In

t!lJ'1l

cockpit insulnrer blanket, Ri'CQlllltt"lld that vueuurn <;j;'S'!lOm~udlllllrelief valve he moved from corkpi] ID engine accessorv curnpartrnenr snd mount ed 011 a brurket ntCtl(h(~d til 't"!tun 7B.(100, Compass. (G·2 curnpn s t1l.1!;ter Jin;ailln i:ruli tor, erial J181O!~. eneral Electne, PiN ~~~-J-l~:il) Aft~r U!l hours Right ~imt', ~ILL' bilized indiortnr gave errat ic readings, When ,t;lhiliied in.djmtll~ ;_~110t Op~'ltrl ing pr1lpc d)'. t he cnrJ'~~l'tlfldenl'" indicator, with its ~rn:uII ,I~" anJ brge gruduations, is mndcqunte .l;
li

or

showed that screen ,d[t.~adjncenr tf' opening 1m automarie mixture control unit had been
u~",ded t'l 2~ percent elf tlJ'illin'll thi(kne>h. A second replacement .showed im i In ahra;,)0 W 'I lesser extent Apparently, unding

Believe IlInl ;Juring uNcthng process rrver set wa allowed to drift lind rontnet the gear boulder; consequenny hl1tngt'ar 5h,HJIJl:t and caused its {ailur Intl/ltl t},,,-t manufucturer inlprnVc

fit the pin.

disc used

I()

remove ex{css ,(.IJer

frmll

ring

mer blows were transferred

directly

,tllndhy

mltlp~'~ fur '1~{Untt

1')1,1\

1,!1llli"n_

Hydtalllit: UnCI. An "5" bend is required in hydruulic line. ['IN 0l.<6n6-".IR, whidl ~\ltInerts P ressur e re glllll tu.t, I'/N 4~(',\Hi<, HI pres-

uf the automatic mixture {(lOIml unit opening had been allowed tIl l"Iillltlld atl.i~~C'nt w-,r~S during- mAnllh"tule of srrcen urut, JIIu:o!l.lmefJd that contractor 1 Il vest 1gate unci correct cause of ftti 11.1re 3 lb. t operatin#,: activities inspect screen of arburetor air

ql.tllllly "r
of

to wnrm . Uetlilil-

workmanship

lind inspeltiun the idle ad] ustmeat ~hJli{.

m assemblv

"a

P2V (348 Hours)
Thermacl:lllple. cylinder llead Buth pllrl . lid <>,.II·I.."'Ir, temperature indrrntnr s failerl

sure hinck,

PiN

W~.l\1.L

maximum ltlhl,ved u line uf 11,j~ size.. clllnpli "lint: muuufudure (If 11 replacement line. ""tim/mend that pressure block, piN Jt,>9J'U, h rotated in present _posit [un ~'u engine mount to <.'lim'o,IIC" .. bend in !ly-

rm

l3~nJ radius

1>

(leaf

seal assembly Juring each lio·hour check. Carhuretnr air seal assemhly f abricatinn methods should b€ iDvc;agatcd !llld corrected to elirllincllle screen weakening hy abrasion.
Oil Sump Strainer, With the present

y~"

duri!l{l ili8ht. In each cu$e thermu~t1upll· leads l1ad he('!lI11(, un~(Jltlcltd ut tlwml<" ,(>Ilple connection. Recommend thai manuacturer
(OU111:

drndil line. At.ltude Gyro. Aiter. 170 "mit} lif operalion, attitude gyro, Pioneer type.. r'/N R~'1' IJfi'. gpve erratic inill~II.t1",n,. uld wa.. fe-rrhL,-cd with new instrurmmt. f?emllWNwti [Jull n tltude SYI'''' be returned l.) cnnlnlCW)' ftlr it1vc5!igLLtion ILIlt] ,ort~[ti\'e HltilJrI. COlltrol StlC:'k Boot. C!n(h from wh,rh con· troJI !;tic' bOI t ju~t'nlbJy. pIN $2iJJGOO-lu, is f"hJ'irutcQ IS Vtl'}' weak ,md easjly t{l.m. Ul?('omm 'Id toot contracWr pr()\I'ide cOllln)l 5U l( hoot asseml,j to Illst Ibe scr.-JCtl Jif <if ..u rcrAft. C (I C lip It IIt$ulatlon Ii iarn Ii et. Ariel' 1111 hOlJIS, (Ockpil insula! i':m: bhmk.:t ""'[1" turn by incoming air di,dl"IIlt!d from (o,kpit v('ntilmor at fu.leJilge 'Station 7 .000. Relersed insulAtion batting WaJo blown throughblankel IS ccment~d II) iirew~1l 11J1U liule is j:lr(Jvided in blank('t for "entil.lIClt ~lun "p,ming_ Wben venrililtor vu Ive is oJ'en. It defle(;ts SrII:n-e ;ncoEl'illl.g .1iI' b~tk 10 hlankd, CO\u"in,!; lood air tUI'bIlIMCt' ;md ~Llb$eql1lmt failure of hlanket. 'Re';i)ll1meild that .metlll COM.:L1IIe deflector ring be inst<lJied ~r\lun<l cockpit v.{'lltl lat! 'f out t::ockpit. JOS\1lnI!M

he-old height. the hex.gollal head .f the rear I fl sump strnlner plug, p/!>f JI)7iD.!lI. is ~a<iJy llamal,:'-ci dllcing removal. Widtb aero . s the {letts nf the sump strainer plug head is one inch. R"cl'lm1lt';~ld that climer! inn ~.If Ili('
head be Ilhanged to

improve

method

of securing

them1!J'

leads to WrHI(;(tiun. lower En9ine Co·wl. TelLr
<kin lorward lower engine

,Jo;vl·l(lr'ed m

flat width. Radio Compartment. R~ditlcomp rtment herome5 cootgminnleci wIth oil Whlt'h bli'lwS f..a.tk "n j he Ivwer side fl.f lhe fuselage ;lnd is fO.l:ccd hI' :ti r pressure into rJ:t.d (omio p,lrt.lllent tbrough Ih,e amss door_ Rnom1lll!II.d t'I'wl ~ st",ll be provided for dnor. E"gi"e Flril' Seal Assembly. During engine dllUlge it Wlli found that ~rew' holts in lin:
sea! adapter
QO

If'

head height

lind

Va"

Ilf lin handle slot on 11111 (owl. Tear was eaused hy cam handle gruTIg past SIlting stnp when lucking lCV(1[ 'W1L$ in unlocked p05Jtion. ,rring I, tOO welLk to lllll.ke a positive locking stOp .IF Glm handle in lhe Hptlll po itiMI.

randHinn.

exi~ts

(In all (IF the panol

ass~n1'

-r,i

bites. Retll1lll1te1ld t~jj.t poshi~c; spring stor l1e provided for men Imndle when 1n un· locked position. or tJnt ~"'in be relnfm(;<~ Jt>fWrlJn un thl.' cam lever slot [0 PfI;)V{m1

damage.
A crack devdoped aft of rear mrn handle lilt e>:tendin,8 in direCIl(HI of uaJling ~dge ,I( port 1l1wer ensine towl. Jdeolical aack

Ilew ~ine

were offset

fmni

,crel'l

.bll,lfS

in ret:1ining

riog. on fite teal

i15se01hly fr0tn old englne. Fire seal ~J!ll?ter is part of cogine, whIle engil1~ fire scat aslit'l1lhLy i., furnished by the flirphille (OnINl".

developed

.In

'StacrbollId lowe£ engine

ClJwl.

tot.

Ne'l

bol(:s were

driUe!1 in fire sen I

or

ret.uner ring ttl line up "Wltl! hole in Sc,,j adapter. R.trtl!lIIl/el/illhu «IllS!! for non· inter(h!Ul.gl'l!biIity be: w'I't':SliglltN and I:Or-

rite

rt!(teJ. F8F-2 C82 Hours) Arresting 'Hook Light. Arreslmp; hoo)k "down" light L ubcUl'cd by witt" I pos/li,)Il .. indicBt0r. Main Wheel Fairi.,g. Withe'xl!.'rfi~J tank~
in~l.lllC'd during C:lI~J'\l1t
ShOL~. liICS

Nu rrovisioD i~ rosde ,ll rbi" pow.r In !uppm 'km w net'l! J t eXlel'1d~ outward from the bcam. Ruomf,ulul tJ'IH (IJntrnctor add ,Hlglc stiffeo~rs In ,lffe':leCi r~ and th>!t leti()11 be taken to rede~i8n panel a5sel1lbl ie~. H.ydradJlc Paciling. llasic ~Ylitem hydr.lulic p I't'~sure reguJato twas C)'{j.,lOS ,,\pp r(1;1inll,-tt'Jy l

opcni.ng

to ddlect air

IIWtly

(Will

;115l'lLlItion

hlnnk;el and Ihat bl~11ltet cl"lvedng be made of n stl:rjnger mliler; III ros,'·~tilcbed 'It d ...~c

~rI,-1

I 'Vc.stlgatiClll ~hnwed th:\f "V" ring f!ackin,g, PiN ...N "J~Hi!, in ba,;c ~)',tem pre~SUl'e tCgUhUUf, PjN AN 6l~6.2, was' dn led_ Su." VIsors.. Nil' Ilwvisinn h"" b,'en IThltit

ever), 30 ~ecoQds in Bight and after !,:utting the engims d. bissing frtml Within the fCc !'lJfator _s heard.

38

I<lf tldudns sun gl.m:. RI'WIII. ,111 th~1 .,.!lust_blc: sun vi ors simi!;" 10 those installed In IjJW(-.l be provided 1m 111 , l~kl'lt
/11

~ilO1 lind copilot.

InifollQtion.
PiN U1~W,

No$<'

draft

cllrtluD

tilt! battery arul .fluid :LI1ti·l~iOG in~t,dJ:ttiOI1" on .t'UbIlMd ~iJ~ of nnse wheel well nnd is h,;J:foed :trUlJnJ its ,pcrlmet('lt with SIl~P (111. f" 'ktl~n, SI!"CI'~ H\l!h;rJIlS of the curtain, t,'al1>(:d by air OJ.·
(OV"lCt

dJ_,L ~i~·rtlOlE BORING

(*~ -r ~ _':[-tJlJ
L

I

f-

+

{)cCurs when nose ~IJ8htin8 g(''llr I~ even f~5[Wlrr.. were torn out ui Ilt~ al>~JC. RU"l/Im~lid thut cu rtam be made III HeaVier marerla], Hydraulic L&ok. Afrer "tl)') I.mdlllgs, hydrnuhc Huid was observed I... kIng hum nuse .,II!41l1bJ;< gear llCtU:lting ,ylinJN ~t hillb~ hr,lde e'l, "0' rtnt> Ncki!l~ iIlSt:)lh:d nn the tJPp~r ternurral, piN 8SQ'-I,I. were cb<tft<d in ~tY~1U1places. Damage to ..11 fj1uJ" seals -\II..." ~1Il111.11 Both upper terminal and actuating

rents,

SCIiMOOS,!

Dumuge, sustain d required .1 willg·, propel1<:[ .md rIght bnding gear dw.l'Ige Jon ,iJdi 11011 In ,I fl1llbt rhuruugh vernll check. A, tbis COl iatr: w;IS s('bc:dukd fQr .imme.lrute trunsjer , the ('ngtnct:ring new WW'kt"! ...... lml~ly III ,'nrnpIN~ uJJ rt·paio::>. The rcIIlV(!Dllted phlne was rested .. (ttl flown nbonrd Ihl curr rcr at 1)90{) rhe next ruorn inS< The 1111"al'Hjv~ would Im"~~ Ixvl'! ai~~~sl;'mhly. t,allsl~rnllg til the carrier in the hurbur, rC~Ii.:"<.'rl'Ibry uud preservauon aboard snip.

dowl1.

,-ylil'nh'r trunnion .!im~n_,inns WI:.J:~ illSp~dt'tl (,,,,' "',M ,md fllUD,] 10 be w itlun 'PI;'LitiC.1III,n_l. II II SUrf~l ccs were smooth. Failure uf til\' "()" ring prlcking is. b_eh~·tt1 tn h'lV~ I><'!'-I\,,\Used hy wear rr:,,1.titinll from ~vIsljng n""tillM ,,"l this Ji>iol. Swlt,hette. 'c"'~J'enc sea l s"L'rftuntling til switchette plung!?! was found deteriorated ,'ntlIMkeJ 111the ;IccorJj,trl ,uint. Failuu. w.!> i,llInll,.11 on three swilchettc:s provided 11\1 "ICO rnarn ohsll1_ins S(l'M, nose ali~btJUr: gWf •• wd rnatn entrance l.uJtlr.r 1I'"'((JI/II/I~ltd Ih~1 m;lnllraLnlT'~T JlrtiVII:I" a 111U,1t durable. "'Ii \tll eue sen I. Radar Dame Support. F"f-w.li'o ~i\'C1 "i a series of rivets ",bidl secure the rndar dome ,1 ~emhly support, l'/i'i/ 1386$.1·. L. iu themb bur b.1 . dQ(t~ was (n~IIl,L )o.he<lfl'J. This only Iivet provided 'for distance of ~~ IOt1Jf .t!(iUg 011C It'S "f the ,upporl which h lIuadlc:,l to (he purt b'/Ulb bal' dr>~". StOlf' hQaru d r Illis time [lvc;l"s ScrUfll1" th~ ~up' ~'Ilrt in We ~\l.tJll' 5p~'-"t!. Rt!rlnlll",,"J .hat £loser fa lor' inspc<'l inn h~ nl~ill: t. 1 in~IJH
!lttl:lllle5 UCUll •

g"tc~ III .Ii r intake systern [0') reliev f(iI c..) !If tfigim, bu.d:hring. Control A5S~lI1bly. P"rt rlirnuic kl"," J,1I)s"ned fIOIn Ihrl/ttle lever. S te-« threads, whicb lin: molded within the plasu knub irself, were ,t.ripped. Knob I~ seeurv 1 til throttle: lever by one screw, Re.omrf/,tlIJ Ibar ,t metal threaded rnsert hI: pl'oviJcd wlth;I' pl~stil. tbrolril:' knnb to furnish Ii ~I~tl:;f;l(t\tty b:tsc f I, r- tlc\f: 5 ,-rl! IIv, Distti'butor Assembly. Altl!! ll3 11ullr~.

Marines

Develop TOhk Idea

VMf·21J-This squadron hnll :t 'y5tem carrying 500 Ib, GP bombs whidl it be I ievc 'uJ error to the plan described hI' VF-I.h\ (NAN~w" July). ""Incb jnvlIl'\lt'~1

n,

diuributor h",,"ds had several ~mt!l ~jl'l1ibll cracks rn the bakelite. There were 1(, visibl« (uc:b in !)nll he.hl In,! W ,n the- 11I11t-1. Cracks Itpp;\remly h ..d nu etten IOn C'n~jll(
uperauon, Rf!!{'(IJIIIII<I'lfi that '" ngare cl.u~t t'lf cracking. Cylinders. During rnurin 111.lnuf.1l1111't'J" c;llgtne [urn in up

welding wrou ,ht steel, or strap irun plsres jn the Mk , fuel tank's ~~'ay brace pads to prevent puncturing the Mk IV drop tanks. Tc any the bornbs, however, the (3!:U~s mus! he- remnved or the $........ Ybmcl':S replaced, The sway braces could be dropped and U1C hornb hunB Oil 11r~ pylon, but this would

(\"leJi~itnt lUling tho: manual release ul'll~s~ llle Mk I Mod 1 shRclde e'ieI;Lri(.11 release
rewired, This squadron jJ!l.d Itl Glny hombs n it NI)fUI hina pnrrll,ls :1:1lime , ~C\ II permanent in$f~II:ltlon was undesirable. Thi" unit gluts pJut . h) a neoprene rubb e r pad wli1d. in turn was gllJt'u 10 the Mk TV ~nk. IlSing lleOpfene: rubber cement !WJ an adhssive, "11 i~~ rrangerneru proved. ~ali.s[ad{l'1" The nn 1'1' difficul ty li{,5 ill the fact tiTll t 0'<1er n I'cnnJ (,r Ul11UUt, H1(' plates come loose IJ.nJ JUIYC to he I'l-:gjufi!d. .
\1':1'

:~n !lj)pt<!dubl"

tll.,S

i pow e r ami hackliring

rrum purl engine: was noticed. Corupr« s..,i\lll ~hl:'~k sh(tw~d that compression "'>1,$ IWJl1~ [I' t lhr()~gh Ihe exhaust o;olllvcs lit vah'c ~l"ilb. vn cyJincims Nos, 4, 7, 8, 9, J II, 11. and
Iud a lotal of 213 hmm. II replaced with Jj1 l1ytthilllled I.'It.tlit1~ <.;quIPPI"-'.d wlth ~plJr-rl[lg tvpe exhnust ,,~jVt' sea ts. /{eCfJ1nmelfa l[,~l l!-.lJ'~-:l~WengIoe~ be 15. lingirle-

IS ht·jl1~

nJeljuate riVt.'Ullj; on in'411Iativnli "hue.' hug!.: Seal.

'fbe. nlbbeE ~e'.J.I, l'/t; Ltt~oo·.o. '" hId) i5 ~ll.~c:he.d by I'l:ldal ~inglo.. !'~'m cdg!;'~ In ["r· Wlltd t'n,1 of the pllrt v~tb"ud I1min alighting gCM tllI"f I' U II ed Illll-H' ulung entHe Iel'l!!th. fI.•./ (J,/It!! "11 th .•t tlWtllliJ of S!;,(IJring ~ul>bt:.r . cal5 nf Ihis lype hc' IITlprovc,l. Antr.lci.,~ Fluid Gage. No PIIII,j~!,," has IX! 11 IIlm]e fot dt'lcrrninin8 ('I,e .lmOUllt Clf flUid 10 the antl"uo_[; fluiJ tank~ l'rllvlsi ill hd "~..,n 1Il1'''! r"I' fc:filiing 111' t.'Ink in flight II'fuugJI '1 lillel ncrk I\Kated on detk r)C nIdi,) ~llmpUl'trr.ent. It h dt:sirnh!e hi! !will" Ihe exact ~n\vLIm nJ flu iJ in the I ~ 11 k hefore r~~lljng, l~fl((mll1lftmJ thac 5!11,lolbk Jlll/je be proviJed.

!If hatde.r llIolteri" t. Cobl~ Sfrap Clamp. I nSN:' I I!III pC rhe 1I1.'{. tw:;Li ~;lble ~tr,,? d,lmp ~hlll~cd th", mctlll
ta~!I:nl:r-lo "',I'd
~tnICLur<: Wltfe

equipped wllh ~atisfa'torr valve ~t'.~t~, 'IJnitlonSwl+c;h. Su.d·act: belw~"l1 po~ilil1n· Ins 11()Jes on ..relent plates belllLr)c ,""rn. musing =-pring.lo. dt>d detent ball 10 "fl t(, Sf-.lt pwpedy and to Slve all"qm.l,· iud.iLll.tlon (If switch }iClsitiotl.. Dtitc:nt pl~11:' Wil t<esi d .1<ld fOl,l.nJ to jodie"te U 11,32 J{u.'kwt!11 h:;rtl. ne,»_ .Re({/IIlIII~ ~J 1hu,t )11;tte h~ I1ll1n u Flit! II red

if used with the sw y brac.(!s furnimed with that tank. in aCC6tda.nce with BuAer T.O. 2l-46.

considered installation

.. BuAer

C..... 'mte"t-This
~ad"f ctory

lor

thll Mk 4 tank

,modifiC'ldonis

Electronics

Shop

Overhaul

to secu I'e dlllllP~
(OrrilctUJ.

!II

ni rpla.ne

"nJlti"n eXI~kd

VP·HL·R. PLlCU.!1 -The- I;'le<:i.lunic;> sh.up (,II' ti'll> ~ql~1Jj'(On wldtrg<1ing .m "ve£ha~L i,o; The (lIJ ~o\l1ce ul pllwur. .! .oS·volt a.ircmft _glen l'bn ur. tYP" ~CM{O~$. h~" l->«!n replru.eJ hy 11 mot!lr g~I!"'.flllO'. Ljn~l'ln Model M~t,j (2211/"·J,1 A.C, J1Ip"t) t'lilllpll!'tc wilh v,dtage
n'guj(lt, If ~Ild (lJ nllt.

cntI, ~IV

1.0 16 o .. t ,,[ 2, d"m!,~ Jt1.~J'ed~,1. R~mffl. 1I/t'lld thut cable dun,!) ill' IlIlId" '" " Illln·

niet.11.

Marines

Do

Quick

Repairs

Prestnt 1,,~.uiJTn ~Ir I" nd mg 1ight ~'" rt~h~ i~ l>n~ati5hd{W)' L.ct'lHi 'e they monol' lie rt;aL'l1eu by pi 1m wh~n $Jl(lliidcr )lurnl.'SS IS luc'keu. R"CQIII 'lJen(~ that "w ilt.he. h~ ilL~lAlied on tb" pcJestA I Cor
am's~ibiJit).
H05e. Batkf1l"_ing p()r! M~ne dut:' Jl~ I'liSht f ~t:"eJ'dc "n,k:r i:xluIU~( Y.tlYt· .MMtS. ,,,suIted ill Un: J10S~, ,'IN 2·SWIIIII. 1.1,11 Ill". I' N ~5IJ!;I~U. sep~t;iting from II,,: LyllnJ"1 he,l...! ~Ollllecli"n. Ttll~ h();~ (,!n· Utcts lhe c)'ltnder he",d (O(1flfL1]1.JJ I tl1 war ,111;<[ lttl... ke pipto. :Engine It."j ., (flloJl <If 104 Ut~ !Toul'~. R,f rlil/ilil ", d t ha I ~·tltI!ta('!(/I I LI,rl!i,J~1 (~u.s l'b of iI Y tOi imta lit no!: I;u('k Ii, ~

LClndlng light

Swlt!:hes.

\J1;rF-211, PII. H"K-How'~ tills 01 SlXe\! ~ 'rhe sqli-;l1ltVI1 -wu to turn over I(\' '-iI'J"i,.r JJ]1l Iwo SN.I·S tl.J the Cirrier. To d\i this. it f.!l I)k 3('rn e Ul<~h ty ft pall w()r~ lin r he jl:Ht nf erJsmee,ing. Onc (,F the C(JtJ.lj'J [m~ landed WI.t1l "nJy Ib.. t(~1t itnd left landing gt'...r IlXtcll,kd.

In5f,tI t:tllQIl or /1\1111 (WI) W fo~r POWt:I' our! t btl es on ("am bench make 28 "lilt D.C.: I h. ()\) }Ide; J I' '''olt, 40u <:yde; an I 'I ~ "(lit, I:j () cycle avaIlable hi ;111 plltt" uf 11\(' ""P' IkllCh t't rut e;,nd.. 1,jece (,l( eq\1lplJ,1ellt lIsc·J ,n lh;. PIl4Y·l! ~~ 1.n~t~lIet.l t I f"dlitate

'"I "..

tin: m~lnlenH"C.t nf 5q,lJaJwll aircmft. The "11 ry t:Xc.~pt.Jlmto the "bQ"1' is [bl" "I>S-i';
mdllf eqIUI>lOIlt\( IUld
110 III

the .... .... P -;

raJar

ing equipment,
i~ t-'trric\!

Ilml 1[," mniotcll~n(e

!bomb· of !;belie

melJt
"'~H'p.

kept

!hrou:;,:h the- u~e ,of tCS'l cql.ljp· Il'" I'A,~UIlO 1 17 eJe'"Il,lic~

or

.11J~ed by flllh.lll!

Tllll pllrtubl~ ~tl(ler:ltoc tcst p,1f}cl a Iso WQS T.. yn rftg1."llf te~IUmltter, "",dd GI:IDTfl. ty£lc t 5 3()· 15U/l_O-J2, Jr,vM by a 1tJ·hur~~ power.

gr"at1y inlPH)\'ed by replacing"

T•• ~yn 'rograr U),'lllJr Wllh ll. m,lti.itieJ "1~idriVt tc~tl)l11dl!r. mudel OTB, ~'pe l'i·3u· 1(11l/12\).1~, JI'jvt'n by (l 15·hlOrsl.' power. 1::.S. vlIriJri,'c synLl")~U)lW l11"r·o[. '" BuA",. CQtllwu.J-This (:'h~nge ;,. u de·

ridcd improvel11cnl (",,,rlhc preY,;o.... pO'wer arrangement in u...e for <:onJucting 'fieBts.

39

LETTERS
tI!<:,

CONTENTS

-

The enclosed photogrupl: W\,~ made from :, pirlljre in Idly ,dli..,e.. It Jc:hnitcll' 1Ypffic.., ~It e di ff eren, e req u irod bel ween N~Iv~ '11 r rift, lIrni Air Furte planes and is 3Jl ideal picture for ,111 nffirc (If this nature. Neafh' everyone [(luk,"!: at the p1ctw: e lms wondered "'Ildhl' the T'ljlll~ nll'twin,!;
~IW

1948 Na'val AviQ'tion .....
Cutlass F7U Fighter ......•

,
S

Jet Engine Icing ....
Guided Guam
VF-14
Duriug the Wilt, pIltltps ltkc this of shipwrecked men were not uncommon, but thi~ nne was taken in November, j94S, at NA~ N.EW 01111' N. Tile I'K·dmggbl speornen~cukJ on tilt: IX'nch ;tIV, with tilt "wll'rtl"~ of the rhararte ... on the I'Ijliht new Olief. whu hnd j ust nll,lloi!d Ih~jr ITnJlIH ,Li(l~~ am! [nave ~lIbrnjftt:1.l I', lilt rhurrning (t.! ... nITl of [ duuklIig new CPO", ill the stunun swicuuing

,

8
10 13
14

Missiles at Sea
Hdm Radio ........•...•..•.

Research

Takes Wings .•••

16 ,20 21

Much Ado on Drone,.". NANews Visits Squahtum,. Aviation Reserve
Winter

Under Roof .. , ..• 24 FIVing .. ,
Flying
Hazards-

26
.. , 28

f""11.
Left tu nght., t11l']' 'If : F. 1\, Berh, AD .: E ,Ru'u'lu~lte. AD • H. V. R~'lg"n. l\DC, ,lilt! R. l'v'{,UUll. AMI, who "vc:r-zl'llioll' Ul hdl,ing Junk the nlhers.

tb e W,!VlI()ft spun III, 1'IIe nurnbl" on stern looks like 10, which would be the
Ym'J;I(JU'II.

1[,,,

w.~

Photos Aid Oilmen, Sofar Saves Neptune Grumman

.. , ' .. 29 30 34

would
:1.fl}'(Hlt'

If )'QII don't knuw the answer, you pleuse print the J'>iul)j(; ~IJ thllt whiJ recognrzes it cun wrrte and tell

JOR.

Pilofs ......•. .....•

PAR ()

S, LT,

CnA,

Pub In{o Officer

AS N w
SlM:

Nose Turret .. , .•. 32 Albatross .• , ••. 3S

InFA:\I~ -....;X:._

me the final outcome, More Critical individuals also ;u:C interested to au answer to thc' lI}lPllOOflt grl'lll disurnre of what is assumed tu be the plune
guard destroyer, W, A. H.ID(RLLt, Colt. Ameriran A"intilln Jo~ 4;'. Calif.

Iii YIOur
new

"lM<'mb~r

issue stof)' :thDut the I i:l1ink you'll
in,h'"d

Know Pilot Chorh.,

(,~,nOIl·t"n

/';III.Ii'"7

{).lrrietS .."ith l1aSh deck,

u;tnier, Y')LJ stute thnt the and lI,mgn were t1~!; .two I'fevitlllJi

BAR, North
Los Angeles

an .. ny n,,,ler>. boil!> Ctlr. Shm'l·j,ll id.,ntHy tbl:s lli{~t..ut'et ·J'he uiane y-u.al'd (s eond ~mffek .iu~l at,ove .."" .~e ",b"""inil uIT) wflll1d h .... til 1.uJlr It> h lp Lb., pil<>t, If lie< ihln~("l,

'1

IRS:

Your Issue fOf l'J(l"'embCt is up to par ur better in wortbwhile informatitlll and reader interest, However, 1 taJ)'t refrain [rom cornrnenting 0[1 several small items of mism-

Iormation. YOU! Inside frant
mothered
(l

COV~J' of

the

lH6

makes
or

Yuu .,. n't n nnle with ,J')1n.n who "It.,,! on 'Lj,~ n t..1,ultl LI«'\ Il!filt, "he fllt"yu WR' dosign"J ". " f1u~lI <;look COIn'lei' fn Jb~4. bitt. ~lnce rmlar- I'Ml hot then bee n d"y'~IOTl~'l, It W"K n""~>w\l¥ 'to mId lin i,land for nnVi.:w:tion:ll ."nil it]'" ~j}"t[..,1 J;lurpos",", Thli I,d!,:!) hI a 'I!! (.~~ ph!>t,,) <"~~ tninlz Wa. i~l""Ulc,", 1,'hUe 111. nlt,u.,,, or th~ I~qtlllg" l'Ih"w" It ''''<'IlIl<1 Ill> with nn bll" .... ti().lr9Q,hw,," [j,J'U'1d.

.lid' h01YI.' nn I ~hl>illd know, having ervcd ~iJC Y('>LI" .Ib ':trJ WIUl a gl)<l1.! part spent standing wutches tin the Si,S'MJ hriJ<~e in the- island. ER lP C1l0l"l.:,W1',QMS1'

it ttl be the Lt!l1.f] fil'llid [~.wi/.l". The R,m,Il.'I' most rert.unl island when in cenuuission.

at

End

the

Gral11pow PeUlbon .. 6, Did You K~ow 9, Te(hnicQlly SpeaktR9 29, Wing TIps 35, Av,oliol1 Ordnance 36. Howlel 37. Service 'te •• 38, leiters 40.

lor Schmoo .a,looM pg. 39, from AI Capp ond United Fea'", es Syndicate.
Idea

PHOTO

CREDITS

'1

THE COVER

The No_to stlang",I.tQOking "ircralt, 'he XF7U·J Cutl",., •• how. off it$ SWepl.bock ",ing$ -ond 10111"". conlo .., whIT e leo! 01'ln9 dl "01 v"'" nt Riv..r, fa' olhe< photo· 9raph, 01 til" pIon e , .. ee poge 5.

ihe statement "Underneath this behemoth shov n below is a P8W·l. no less:' H~ving
PIB""I
.3

THE STAFF
Lt. Cdr. Arthur l. Schoenl
Editor

fur

;L

thousand

hours

more 1 feel that

<correCt Identifiattion

wOllld

he a C-S7 "..hicb W.'lS 11 enrg., version tif tile B·Z~ or l>1;I~Y-J. No J'1l4Y~1 ever h~d windows where (lie bomb ba,. shou Id be.
all

Dorothy

Aut, Editor

e. Ames
H. Huff
W. Martin
Editor Ed itor

pg. 11,

11

is

and

nO! VII.-JwhidJ

naval

ale in order installat iOJlS' t here, YR-

fUfruCrJ)' V~U.Jol. ~!iOOF!.'(1~d Palmyra HI to help support CAA
VI!.·tl, I

Lt. Cdr.

William
U Ie

Fe 01

is 'IJl east

m;l.s!

squadron. CrNcpAcFr't Q. A. CHAl\UillJlS, T...I'I'
I 100 t."~y h8,l wln's !!.ill!> -e'

Lt. Cdr. Rosalie

VI'. COl.. 'JUi'-2-1'l-UHilil'ss is good with this ferf)'

R,""",,,

l;PO.
tlt'

Lt. Cdr.

Andrew W. Bright
Editor

AN FJt"N

OnlY C:Q1l1lIWl1t. il' "Mllyl1~ ,10"''' 111 fl,,· hnmh lm;- !\O Lh" ',ilmt .. ceulrl lonk tnt tar","t.~,"

squadron. In Que month 'recently, iL'S pilots deliver d 2 0 planes, 11-fng 3,876 hOUIS Rnd cov '11l1g (i07,8!24 miles, .

Flight Solely

James M. Springer
Arl Direc,or

l'ub'll,hd monlhiv b. Chief 01 N..vel Cc.,atlon, tQP·~a·DJ and Bur.au 01 .... '·on.utlc. "0 dt".1'r11~.la •• 1011 •• u'vl.~I. m"lnt.na"c" ud tethnical data, AI' maU .hould b • •• ed if I',"oltlubl .... ddren to~ Chi" of Nual Op.r~·tion., Navol Avj••!ion 1'4 ...... 1'4.'"1' o. ~.rt/ll."I, W ... lilnglon 25, 0, C. PI , !!"I communication can btl mad. 10 'Naval " ..t.tlM N..... 1l0Qm 4921, M.ln N.vy Bid",.. om.. 1.I.phon. ...fUilo" a I062,

• The pri"Ung of Ihi. be"n opprov ..d bll Bureau 01 the: Budget,

I""

publIcation hal Dlredor 01 th_ 28 AprIl 1945.

40

n
~UJ>

A NIMAiS

and birds
II

fenrure squadron InHelicopter

:signia presented

this month.

Squadron 2 has
at both

poles. nature 01 its operaticns, VI?-47's "Eegu Bee:va," II Disney cbaract,er, is IIsttld,,~ a depth
OV&.

penguin because it saw service The si<ate-s signify the amphibienrpcing volcanoes , with

SQUADRON INSIGNIA

telescope spotting .submarines. TI", ensemble indicates VP-47'g task, FASRno 110 likes Dona~l~ Duck holding a newly repaired PBY. F·BI uses a black panther, lightning mil.! a grand slam bridge hand in colorfu.l nrrangrment.

botnh, Hyiog

II

VP-47

HU-2

FASRon 110

VF-131

/

/

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