Two o·f the most eye~catching news pictures of Navy planes in recent months are presented here.

One is a p2v-2 with plastic nose photographing Glacier Bay in Alaska .. Other IS all F9-F in midair. Note yaw indicator on nose.

NAVAL February

AVIATIQN. 1949 No.

NEWS 290

PENCll·LlKE

NAVY-DOUGLAS

SKYROCKET

USES

JATO

THRUST

TO

GET

OfF

MUROC'S

DRY

LAKE

BED

WAY to get away from it all is by rocker. Acc()n.lLng to the followers of rocketry, s. rocket-powered vehicle cou)ll be built which '.vOIJ Id be capable of escape fr()I11 the earth. They claim it is possible to built! such 11 machine with present day materials and knowledge. Think of it! Not merely to escape from the brig, or ;1 nagging wench, but actually to escape from the earth! Ah, to hie oneself up and awa ((\ some hal 011 C '\Ie on Venti. Feminine Ven'lLSians glitJjn;.; to' and fto across the glaJe ... Rockets have other uses also, The rocket is the nly flo\ver plant capable .of t!perahllg outside the earth's atmosphere. The hi8ber one goes. rhe JilQre effinent the rocket becomes. Ultimately, if man continues to push his machines hlghe[ and faster, rhe time will arrive when only rocket-powered craffwil! be able to larry the ball. "Even at the present stage of development, they produce more power or short period' of time than an)' other power plant. A!. :1 rule. the man .. n-the-street thinks 0 rocket o power a' something very rru demo Or even sornethlna helOIl,f,ril1Jj vaguely to the [uru reo However, rockets are one of the oldest .types of power known, mllking NE

O

O~(hlj. son of Jengllis Khan, and a clup off the !)IJ warhorse, laid siege to a small city in south China, whose defenders used rockets back 1I1 12j2. Although the rockets pmbabJ y had <1 speLtaclI lar 'effeti. I twas to no avail: O_edai took over the town anyway. 0, thollgh the exact origin of rockets i:, obscure, they :UT generally believed of Chinese origin. Apparentl Ogdai couldn't keep hi, big mouth 'hut, for very soon thereafter rockets were being used hr .Mediterraneau pirates in their mille: Ital ians were Llsing them in a 1ccal war; and Arabs were writing favtJrite roeket recipes fOI' whoever cured to create

the new dish, Time went centu ries, cockers: wert

OJ1

and in the

18tb

-lImJ 19tb

i1

preferred

We.LPOIl

,1Jnon~

various Indian princes of the royal blood. Dlilrin,Q rhe t Slrh c;enhu),. the Enp;lfsh al. 0 utilized [odds to {!iv(;' enemy coastal titles a IOJ1g~mnge hotf ot. The rocket pO\vcr plant 10 use at that time was the
, lid pr pellant type. The sohd propcHant rocket consists of a combustion chamber and 11 nozzle. Tbe

their

way

into hisJo0'

about

the same

time as

gUll-

pow del' un d F r i,l r Roger Bacnn,

in til e 13th cen tury.

combustion chamber i H cylindrical a.ffair. filled \ ith propel Iant almost to the nozzl e. The nozzle of toci::lr is a convergent-divergent type; the one used Jurin# the ear ly Jays was surely not 50 efficient, probably being JUSt the open end of tJ1C combustion chamber,

1

Rrstrirtcrl

R:M.l

NACASUPERSO"UC

R.OCKEf-POWERED

V£HIClES.ET

F.Q~

LAUNCH

PROGRESS
ll.. velopment
A !''rliR the initial discovery, rocket de-

CAME SLOW
The relatively srna]] malts and extrernely h it(h \'eiorrt-y' of the j lOt rns kes <l wc;ket indficietll at low .flight speeds. Since thrnst is generated purely by ren(;liOI1, it becomes :;lightly moreeffident ilIiil goes h 19b!"! arld Leaves the atmesphere. The fact thlL~ both:. fuel and oxidieer 0 re curried with in tho rocket results in 11 very high tctnl prorell:ml consumption. 'rile si ruple, I iglll en!!:;ne atpabl!> of h;JJ.lClling large <Itlilnli\je,,, o{ energy ill t.he smallest ~ptLt:t, produces enormous thrust Olltpl..lt.~ compJlfeJ to r ron t .1[ area. rn the U.S., development was l('rt. up
datt!

lag.ged. Rerkets rern uin ed CU;! lk and Irut cc IlIj)'OO 1I0 til Lit e 20th century god were almost completeIy fepl;1ceti by Wmti .IS W:e~rol1s, .1.1. rhough roskets were still popular for Hcwever, between 1900 and the b~· sinning of World '1Xlal: n, aJtl'Ol1!gh rockets were pl1t to Iirtle practical use, tJu:y l'rogre..~sed f:ister, $0 ar 11S cieveloprnent was conrerned, than ever before, 111., f'lldor that dhwged the COinplexion of rocket futures mote than unytIl111g else was the shift [rem solid propell!lnt.~ to !i'lllid proreHnnl' rockets. . Or. Goddard, rocketry's gralld old man, illitj'l.teu the research on liquid
10

I'u rrese~ of celebrnrieu.

.

males a righl bright light on the r&corq. Always IO(jking (or a way to gd planes ott (lister .lOdin shorter dlstances, the Nllv)' was primai'ily interested in rocket powtJr as an assisted Llkl:'-off device. So, one 0[ the h'rst projects given the rtlcklt.t boy~ by BuAIm, wcs the joh of producing such an <luxiLi.1fY power plan].
~.t the Station at by rOcket's man of vision, retic en I: Dr, Goddard. The Olher project WolJS headed. by 110other vlsionnrr. and even more retiring individual, 11. jroung naval officer, R"Qb· crt C Tl'U i;Ix, III 1942 an engine was ready for testing. It W;l.~ .t liquid proI~elhml motor, and it Was in the course of research on (his power plant that bi-rropelkmb, capable of spontancOll~ ibltljJililfl. were discovered. Bi -propelLant,~ which ignite spontaneously when mixed have since become the most po-pular !)'re of rocket pfOlJeHants. (l'l.e f ern:
I/I(}IIOilltl(;41:f,

begun Two p~oOm: ExpcFimc:nr Annapolis. was headed
J ll!CTS were.' Engineering

to the few hardy SQ-nl:s such :!~ Dr. GoJ· and members of the American

tkets in lhis

(Oulltfy,Jnd

incentive for wock which was ln be done rat~r 0[1 in Germany, Dr, Goddard built his tint ljquid propellant rocke; in the 1920's. In 1931 the Amencun Rocket Society WItS rormed, and in the mid-30's Germany began pouring vef)' hrsc sums pC money into wcktit research, The liquid rodeet ~ngjlle u~in8 bipropellants, "..hicli was the type Dr. Goddard Invented, L<;somewhae more (om plex lh:1I1 the solid propellan t rocket, Thi~ type' Oil[ cngirt(~coosisuof fuel. and fuel tank, oxidizer and tank, me.thlOll ic-oll pumps or pressure fae.d. sysICD1~·[0 ge~ the oxidi,zer and, Cud to the combo stioa diamber, sorne ty pc of VluVe ('00.i'ro1, ,L COdling sysrem, and a corrrbustion c.hampec find npzzle-. 'the [uel is usually some type of hydrocarbon or hydtos~n, though not always; a great deal of deVelopment is being done en a v:tl'icly 01 propellants. The oxidJlP[ might be allY of a number uf Iiq uid ox idizers, Cool ing is achiev'ed b)' ci.r<:ulilung one of the prepellaou areund the rorabustion d1lH)lber aqcl. nozzle in al"oolrrnt jacket. The nozzle isll.. G:on"e'gelll.dil<~tgent type ..

provided

Rockel Socidy unti] 11)41. During this Limll"', however, monetary assistance WIl.S pr(l\' ideJ some projects by various Government iI£endes, iI,du.Jing lilt: Navy. When war wss sufficiently Dellral Iiand, the Army and Navy clllIt'~l ill

most of the. people interested in

f(fcketry

to work on the developmen~ of milit.ary meket w~hitlcs. Whal these people l1l(lMgcd to do d 11ring tin: war ye~rs

g()ing to Cel ('arejll,ily p,(}irtl~d om Ii] rbe lll.dt II)lw are 'I1{""Ud' ill rr'Jr:/tr:t lare, Ib" II/ord "/ttel' r (",1'1 be "pl'opelldfllJ"
/;1I'f.
11
I1S

br-otlll!(! Jrll.>l is buf Que ball of the I'ff,ker'. N/Otll'ffli'l1g power. ProI,dl.mll illciml e iu)tIJoxidl"H1!1" d1lil

IiJlht

Ill!'}.)

NAtA

O-SI'iB-2 .FLYING MODn

HAS

STHP

C~IMP;

This method oJ installation did not prove' feasible because water would sbort out the engine, and it could not be run without certaia -li.J.fety devices olring removed. When the rocket engines were re.ady in the Truax project, IL rleW method cf installation. WAS tried. Two motors were hooked lit:' La the struts and rJ~;.", system performed admimblr, Take-off distances were tUr 4.0 to )D%. 00. one rest the pbne was loaded to a point where it could :itay in the air onJy with

end of a

This firs_l lrquid fcX.:ket )1\'1"0 motor, Dr. Goddard's, "Was insl1tl!td in the lift
PH'V

behind the second step.

2

West Coast, They also built <l liquid rocket JATO unit which was subsequently tested On a Mm';juI''' and s e(n'Of/dr/fI, Al!.hOltg-h the liqu id rocket JATO idea was

units in 33 econds, Another pm rain that went on simultaneously wi h the liES projects was rarned 011 by Aerojet Corp. on the

oft with the help of the

full power applied.

Yet the plane got
tW· JATO

proved ucees Iul so far as performance concerned, the weight arul comrl~xjty of the engme, plus the problems handllfig rocket propellants and the problem of rnainrenanre, precluded its adoption by the fleet, Also, both Amer1m and Br itain were experimenting \\ ith sol icl propellant JATO, apd this unit, if perfected. appeared to hold the

or

ANACOSTM, the JATO units in ·tilliJed 011 " Brewster I'M. The operation was successf I:It~ but not without inciden L.

before they burned Out. The pilot couldn't see what wa goir).g on from the cockpil aud remalned it<; calm as YOI';<k'~ skull, Though his gas lank had been pierced by 0'1t: of the units, the 8"S rni raculeusly r aik .... to bILD},:illd l the pilot's on ly comment was, "Gee, it in August of 1941. Six srnal; \miL~ must have :;(ared you ~uy~!" 101' were used wrth 2~ pOUllJS of thrust form, what ~ per unit, The, mall size 0 the uru S By early l' 4.<1the problems had been made their usc impracti al ror Navy ir ned out, and B AIm wanted to gi<;rc plane . nltl10ugh Ihey operated S1.KCeliS. their new development to th fie ·t. But Fully, The British had 11 larger unit the fled was doing all ri~ht, :lOU they which the Navy borrowed .md tested were 10.1(·h ro "buy" this implement of in Mll)' I y-12. Huck ROller,. A couple of seaplanes landed III ponds while Bying llOOSS country about thi'$ .Lime,and JATO got them back into the air nndet condition which were giving ducks take·Qff troubles. While this publiciry was .srill hot. a "selling" team went out: (0 various fleet cernmenders to show them what JATO could do. AlthQugh .tt times the hoyq h u.l tough time- gearing an audience, on e they could present performance proof 011 JATO, it sold, One fleet comman Ier GERMANY'S FIRST ROCKET FIGHTER WAS ME.163 hud been partuularly "busy" and it was only with considerable di[fi(ulty Ihn] an These tests were conducted at NAS

tional appliration minus many problern of the liqu id un its. So, the li~lUid propelbnt JAT'O pro]eets were dropped for the time being. but results of these programs were to. lay the groundw rk for the use Of Ii· quid rocket power in guided missil und pilotless 'lirCfdfl in Hie Navy. The de elopmenl of solid propellant J...... was going TO IJ at GlL r echo just prior to the W;H, imJ :L B AIiR representative was gent OUl to witness an EI'C(}f{pe J 1\1 0 take-off derncnstrnrion

greater promise

ror

immediate

ope:rit-

THE VIPER'S

PILOT

WAS

SUPPOSED

TO

STltlKE

AND

DIVE

AWAY

PERHAPS

TO

UVE

ANOTH~R

DA'f

tutor

exhibition could be arran Qed. to meet his time schedule. '-' TWIJ i>nl"('S were loaded with ideotical loads, one eljuipped with JAY , tilt' other without. When the Admiral arrrved, the two planes roared off to~etJ1er. the }liTO plane got off in record time ;tOU went up like a bird, while the other plane was still dm.r;ging across the bay, As ,I matter of be, the JATO.IeSS pl:IDC churned aLI the wa)' across the bay and never even got on rhl: s~ p. The fleet comrnander was properly Impressed. He was ready to in stal 1 JATO on ("very plane under hh However. the pilot of the PUM that failed to gel; airborrre was not ne-<ltly so impressed, He ~gured something Vf::I)' peculiar was going on and he investigsted. He found out that the two planes had been loaded with identiuw wejgl1t. Bnt while the JA (l plane's w~ighl went rroj'lerly on the his plane had unaccountably been loaded ,Ifl of the tunnel h.itch, Careful calcular.on readily showed til;1\" it weuld ha e taken a ;good-.~ized derrick to get the logy r1l(.lle on the step-ltd alone Into tile air. In the last ycar of tllc war JATO proved itself beyond any question . And Loday il is taken lIS a l1l;l,.ttcr of course.

command.

ca.

The rllbric
1

blast, Later test work made the units completely and safely operational but not without plClll-y tie eloprnon] work. During ,1 ~tiltk lrlil,g of two JAto units 011 ,\ twin-enplned plane. both units broke loose snd created considerable scurrying about among the spet-

tenden y to

covered

taft of the F;:!A bad Ignite from the )ATC

or

parison between Amcriolfl i:ockee development toJllY and errnan rocket

Amerir:an rocket men hesilllLe 10 go on record when it comes to a com-

It W:LS not alwlt}'s so.

FORTUNA lEL'"

THESE

WfIIEN'T

100

SUCCE5SFUL

developmenr at '\ ar' end. ome a J11,11 (C" have been made, bill noue are as yet outstundinp, H i.tk'f begall pouring Ia.rge su 111 of mOncy into rocket \ developmen: in 1 Q3"i, and (onti'flued an ,,11-eu t effort r itth t to the wa r' send.

Rcstri .ttid

3

'I'houjrh Jerman rocket development outstanding. it did !lot meet ~e German gOIl L It was a gigantIC gamble thltt failed. Their new WenpO!l5 were not etficieM tl10ugh to ~tor the lilted bombmg nor EO bring Englanu ro her
WII'

knees, Some of the rea,'on for th is fail..

ure was a lIu."k_!if rime, Mihlnry exped ien(y made the Ge rrnans an:ept some untried tLnJ 1101·~(!l-~00d ida,l:;, II~ order to get sornething IllIG! Ihe al r nnd work. in,:.: against Ihe I,'nc:rny. . ioerin_g uriginally t'1.tabJ ished UtI; 'Frauen laboratery and gaV(; it almost

Anny's

mlirnited

I'ower:....

simply

P(,(;Il(;,nlLIt'nd(:

Jabur.tlory

because

(he

ap-

pearcd to threaten hrs position, H~ was id'r~id they might ~OIl1<:: til' with orneIbm,!; thai would Will the WM lind h~ would have 110 pad of if. He rlosed down l.hi" hbor<llory ill 1942 when certarn sethacks
OCCLI

rred

at- Peenemuende

which
longer.1 at that ,lbn:ast

ltd

WHEN

lAUNCJ.fING

tOCKE"T

MISSILES

FROM

SHIPS

THE £XHAUST

WIll

PRESENT

A MAJOR

PR08L~M

WARTIME DEVELOPMENT
nurnbers:

j r not uhead r Peenernuendc de\·dopmcnl, and their I nger·raoJ.(e program rromi'i<:'d much better nd

threat to his pre,Uge. AdLj~lll ', time. Trauen apparently wa~

him

to believe

It wa~ no

results,

I\rJny·~ p.I.'l:llt:!Ulllt'ndl!' ami Goering\ L1hor"lorr at Tr:WL'11 wcrc I ~vr$hly l'urni'llt'd and undoubtedl), ~he wOI;ld'" most up-to. d,H" rocket rcseurrh renters, At W,lr\ t'nJ v-.:!·, w.'"" htin,g produced lit hlr~e
Hi! GUUI>IAN

T l.lbQratbry

other

rorket

j1t)wer·~·d missiles

were heil1 ' used .tg;,tinst ,1111<.:.1bombers: and lakr d .velepmenrs In the ro kd lie! J prom is~J tilt·. .dl11J.[1,\ ,111 N'IllTtunity to hit Arnericn wirh rocket-powereu misslle«, r;. many also t'rOdl.lfed Iwo rocket-powered pilol~'J aircraft, 111\-1 OlliE OF MANI' GERMAN GUIDED MISSILE DESIG~5 a number of pilotless. ;u r-Io-air, ,ground I,eriority today, I evertheless, no AmeriIO'I~ir llnd tli ,-to-ground pilotless rnis(,to rocket e I\gf ne OptI.tt IIJg. !9d Jy woul J. siles, wh rch were used operadolluUy, sturtle l.ermall rocker tescl1rrhist, to :loy
How

"uldeJ-llli~~jle, whi. h wus armed (rom fht'f.'tOUI1J to :J point of interception. iheu gLliJeJ to V.'itlrli[l fi rillg r,lIlge b~' ,l pilot. had onl ol~e Lel'~ bet ore bdnF ashranned. The r1lot alter 100 HlP. his rockets toward it bomber Iorruation, \ ;1,., to dive a~ it)' in his empty and unstable
then bail out III ~0i11r.: speed between 12". and IS'; mph. The one ,lLt(.-mpl resulted in a pilot fatality.
air r,lfL,

1'111: \, .,111:1'.

operation,

T nbarul onl:d wus t;l~r. bccu use
ill, MJI·Ii.d

yet it
0 ( jt~

and
,\

lu~rrl,iloted

Its

ha.nd'iing

h;.d to be da nger in hulf

problem •.,.

-.li\(mfl.

stili eyer,

:l

-urcesstul wert: these wearol1$ j, n~ry conlrQ\,C'[$i.d subject, how-

c:rh,ct,

The

v·~ had

~n:ltt

extent.

nnda coosidcrablc However, the Germans

,\ del :l5laling morale damage value suiTc;rcd 2()'~

the bombers

10$t' due to roc kct

atla(k~ amI !he British pt'op lc who ~ ilhstood the .~ attacks arrest that the
were ef'fl"!. tive,

Arnl.'ri(J

ha~

not

yd producetl

:t

tOI.KL'I ~UP(!f; r to l he V-.!, t1lOugh ent dt~lJ:(n now i'1 construction

prt";-

(;-4 liquid engine developed ,Ino produced by Rencrlon M otors, now being used ttl power tilt: X-I lind rile r)·53X-!. iN probllbly better [hall :Ll1y 'O!nl~llnLble

ise

su perior

performance.

The

promA -ft II Ill·

(Jerman

hud fairly similar eJlgint's [uriug (he War. If pro [01 Ih ... 11udtlul,L: j~ in the:
then lhe American engine i.~ bet-

design.

However.

Gerrnuuy

eating,

ter, For the X'I ha,<; flown !"lLSfel' powered by the .'H,fillll- --i than .lUI)' It'rm:1J1 n;)titl.pOwtr~d plane, Of (01.LN~, it musl bt! rentemhered U,.It Ihe M F· 1,\.>
Hcw~omt:(,2' n11,h .jl1 I <),i I, So. III 1l;:.lst WI.' Jill VI! .1 t Inirn

ru r

su-

JAPANES[ ElAKA 80MB WiI.S UNO.OI.ISlEDLY

Ii.

GUMAN

B45rc

DESIGN WITH KAMIKAZE VARIAnONS

4

JI,',<d,I'

,,.,1

JMstrictea

ROCKEl BOOSTER

IS USED TO GET THIS RAMJET VEHICLE UP TO SPUD

NACA

ROCKET-POWERED

TIAMAl

FLEW PRESet

R~tlANGIIL.AR

COURS!

duds on Iaunehing, and :l large ptifCClltage of those uccesstully launched Failed to reach Antwt'rp Or London target _ T1H: V-9 and v-in comb in arion which was to reach America was never tried. It WJS to be a step rocket wi h a pilot who would bail out near its de tination, J fellsibility is questionable, to say the
least.

In the guided missile field, Germany never rerfetteu a suil(~blc- j!uidlLOre system. wily au .ti:rem[lt Lo belittle the 6erla1an development. 0 one ran do that with less than touguein-cheek attitude. till, cost of German development should be ·onsidered. And it was can iderable, in terms of money. man power. lives and material, 111 Hre .•. rocket research is working to perfect M1J further develop liquid engmes "till similar to German typC$. A great Jed of effort is pain'
Hl DO

:LARK

UNDE:RW:ENT

GREATDEA'L

Of

tESTING

There are two methods of getting the propellants into the rocket's combustion chamber, one, by tank l'rt'S~U1'izatiol'l" t\1,JQ, thrall h the L15e of liquid pump". Pressurization f the irnpler method but necessitates u e of pre sure higher than those in th ombustion hamber, which in t'IJIo demands he,1vy tank and line construction, and 11 .supply of high presS'u re inert ga: such as nitrogen or helium. Accordingly the weight nf the propellant storage system is high per pound of propellant carried.

T

i in

into guidance

Ind control,

No

rocket-

powered mi silts are considered 0perj_· bioaal, but certainly some expecimental rocker-powered vehicles are on II par with errnnn operational rocket equip. ment, in the piloted rocket-powered fields. lite _ . has some planes flying, though strictly experimental; there have been no abortive failures uch as the Nalte.1' and he MF.-l()1>, Of course, theft' is []O war-time pressure, and there hils been a considerable time lag. A! the present time only three cornpanics -are prociu('ing_ reeker engines for the Navy. Reaction Motors lnc., Aerojet orp, and Bell Aircraft Company. Reaction Motors Wd.S incorporated in t9"41 by four members of the .American Rocket odety and produce the ,,-;Ioon-·1. fn addition it i" working on some smaller engines for gu iJed missil s, an d 'om~ large thrust units [or upper air research vehicles. A~rojel Corp., founded in 1942, is n big px:oduce:r of solid ptopeUaJit .1A1'O units. It also is workin,1!

phases of rocket deBell MOll{t is a telati vcly small producer 01 lkluid propellant engJnes for gljlded missiles. Rocket research is being carried alit b}t a number of educational institutions with bdliti~'s for such work under Navy sponsorship. BuAll1l ICCcnUy ES' tublished an Aeronautical Ro ket laboratory at Lake Denmark, near OOV('l', New .Ie.rsey, which will become a rocket test sl:1tiOl:i_ II is not yet in opcrsr ron, but will be te tjl1g sometime in 194-9. lr will ..lso work DO fuel handling and storage problems, The thing that gives rocket engines that Special samet:hillIT, i the propel"
velopmeur. lants they use. A previously tared,

011 various othel

One type is the turbine-driven ccntrifu al pump. This system has the adv:1ntage oClight-weigbt storage tanks, but building a uitablc pUl:np for various propellants is quite a. problem, \Xfhen pumping such hIghly corrosive fuels as hydrazinc, or corrosive oxidizers, the pump is complicated with mater ial, sealing ami bear ing difficulties. In addition, un auxiliary power plant of high cap!'u:il)" low weight and cost. suieable for short period operation, IS
required ta drive the

Page
pump.

UMP(r:"G

employs low pr~ssur.e, rcrs
and a uitable

of the propel1!t11ts

rocket propellants include both fuel and oxidant, so ITS to make them lndeperident of theatmosphere for combustion. Thi fuel f)Jay be sorid, sud, a' ~Ii used in JATO unit's, or it mlty be liquid such
as was used
In

the V-2.

In the aero-

nautical, lield. LiC[ cl propellants ~ppear LJj Lo ofl'-ej the greatest opporttl:l1l ty. Inasmuch as 50 much depends u.pon pro· pellants, a further disrnssior: Ihi, phase of rocket research is in order. The liquid rocket JUay cur)' i prepeIL.nt as Il. single tlu d con alnrng both fuel and oxidizer. or il may carry its rue! AJ1U exidizer separately. and mix them only in the combustion chamber. The lirst type of rocket Puel 13 known ns 11. m.ono-pr'Oi1d!ant, the latter as a bi-pwpeJlant for very obvIOUS reasons,

or

Since the mono-propellants must conrain all the components necessary fo tt ]!1~h1l! energy releasing reaction, they tend to be explosive in nature, This places a severe limitation on the poSsible rnono"pmpeUllnts that call be safely used for liquid rockets. Bi-propellants keep the QltkllZer arrd rue.! separated until tn!..')' reach the combustion chamber, w6irb '-'lJtords rnurh less handling dnngcr, inasmuch as the irH.!I\·iduaL component may be nonexplci ive, But the bl-propellants have the dis1ldvanrage that the flow of the two liquids into the ornbustion chamber is critical. Variations in metering will result in combustion inefficiency or In depletion of supply of one liquid before the other with resultant loss in range, Which. on :I trip to Venus, could proye to be rather dis(oncertins_

pump.

SO fAR, AMERICA HAS Nor

PIIODUCED A Mt55ILE SUHR!IOR ,"0 1HE

y-,

pulse, safety. densfty, and adaptability with related problems, No matter bow ~od the propdlllnt may be, if it 15 only
available in

must be considered in the selection of liquid rocket pn:>pdlants are lH'ni_labiJ if)" :ipeciii, im'KTOR:'

F

PROPE'_LANT PROBLEMS
wbkb

liquidrolket .fIl ceors and

must he

f uels ,tttecr both of these aceo rd in~J )' bo th elf eel!;

t:0n~i.de.red. rockets can be w;~d
.I~

has been evolved by the Navy depanrost of production is extremely high. meet, whu;h will be coordinated , v ith and only " few missiles CUll be lnunchedi p er yi:: ar, it has Iittlt: mil itary va Iue, r f the Air Forte and Army. This code is rockc:ts are to take My oCtile lond from being distributed .1J present to (ogni2ant aircraft during the next war, it'll take activities for rommerrt and interim pliqtj:ion. a bit of Hquiti. During the last' conflict A~ stated, :I high spl'cifi( impulse is 2. ,I rnlllion gallons of Iuel were used in aLlied alrrraft e.ath day. That's 11 lot of not suffidenl in itself. The sac and petrol-and rockers are far less efhcicnt. weight of the fuel system noces.sary However, rockets won't have to cruise for clr.ryiog the propellants is irnporaround looking for- targets like aircraft. tant and both of these factors arc reA rocket-powere-d veh ide would (lnJ)' b,t" lated to thl: 'f\'era8~ density of the prolaunched reward a definite fixed Dugee, pellants employed. All other raclot~ or ;{ moving target after sighting-a beillJ! equal, ,t high average density J;s fast straigll t -Iinc trip. a dV'an tugeo II s. Specific impulse is a measure of the [ow the chemical-type reaction so neeenergy produced by the propellants, ft e~:lary to the liguid rocket f:'ngint~. arr IS defined as the pounds of thrust ob- !deal propellillH wOIJ.Jd be one having tained, per pound of pro?e:lbnt~ co 0.- a high density and containing a high surnet] per setond, Tile range u,f :11 percentage of hydrogen for a hill.he:nr?[kel missile is approximately prop.or- eIgy release- rate. Unfortunately. these tional to the square 0( tlil:' specific Im- two rharacteristics nreseldom IMp.! in pulse. Unfortunately propellants canliquid propellant compounds, Genernot be chosen merely because of 11 hi,gil aIly.. compounds conbinill;!!C high per~recific impulse; they must still meet centages of hydroJ;.eo Me of low density. the other requiremenrs of availability. The adaptabiliLy factor applies to safety,. density and adaptability. both the- adaptability of propellants to Sarety is iorportant because of tlre the power plant, nod the adap\'1lbiUty of critical nature of most rocket propelthe power plant to operational me. The lants, Manj rorket propellartts are simi- chemical and phjsical characteristics of

5l1ch

lar to high exploslves and -safetr rOD~ideratiM5 ate of the utmost importance. Not only are I'bete handling dangers insofar as charging snd launchiog is concerned, but stom,ge, manu_f;t,·ture andlransporling Qf rocket lue_h
must also be considered. A S:1~Hy l'Ode

limited

quantities

that

ar·

lery weapons, They can be fired with extreme rapidity lind the problems nre no more complex, However. Ii~uid rocket-powered missiles suchas the v-z areextremely difficult to adapt- [0 oper:!(-ion-al use. Good progress is being made LOW1l[d simplirying this typ~, ~ngine. however. SpecIal ~tot¥c full ities arc reqtjired accessible to the luundllll,g SIte. ana the point of rnanufadore for some r uels arid oxidizers may be ncar tho Launching site, due to handliq~ I'fobJerns. Many of the fuels and Q)(jtlizer~ .m,· corrosrve and demand expensive rnarerial considerations in motor, tank and pump design. Great care Imd src"lal c(~ujpme.llt are required to char~c the missile and protect the 8_found rrew from contact with the jsropellants. FOf miU!:!lry appLiCtltiorl, a rode! englne must be suitable for op~rntjQn
thronghoul a Wide temperature rllll,ge_

S

0J.UJ
!It

propellant rnurh the

same manner

artil-

To attain this wide operalin,.e ran,!:;e, propellants require a~ wide It puml'abiliLy raDM!?us practicllble_ Thh ran~t: is ohta.ioed by -spclJcifying a. heczing point of minus 70 degrees F. or lower. Li'lui,fied normal g1l5C.~. and J;:u-soHrie ran meet- this requirement easily but ffiltr\y attractive propellants such-as hydcl..6ne have fr,eezing po,iots above tjlC frer:zing point of water. Addlrives can sometimes he Ilsed to depress the [reezin.,!!

6

PQlnt ttl an .l,u:ptabk valuu without ~.t~rih"Jlg perfoemnuee ~u,s~i\'ely. Ou t he- other hand, 5011K'" I'wPc:lJ an ts h,nl.' ;1 low boiliuf! !1Q!Ol wbh_h ;Jl(IOduct'~ tnt· ,LJdi! ional problem of lons.ldtnng low 1(,lllreralUH~ embritllerncnt or ron ~lr,,'; I ion m.uerials. "'try lu!;h \,lj'oJ! 1.0\\ boili ng .lfId fmt'Zing PQlnts restrict the operational IIJ.hIC of missiles by ilel~~sitl~t ing I.lSI minute chargiog to l"ed"U~'e evaporation 10S5e,:. dll.J obviatll" the possibil ity of Morifl,tJ. the missile completely dufr.g~d. In some hi.pr'opeJ1ant systems, the
RUP.Et..L4N1

.-.
GERMAN~NGINE AeaVE U5EDPItESSUilE

P

pre5SU re and

s with

vcry

o.,{jdizer ,Irld

the fuel

lBoilt:

SpOtlL:tn.

eously upon contact after IllJet'tiOt1 mro the combustien chamber. Tbe~e su~.lIJ.t'"d hypergoles simplify motor COil. srruruon by elirmuating ~l separate ignit iOil source. In rocket motors designed fur lOll,!; r"><.:riod;:.; oft)perntion, cooling must be rrovided. This is usually done b}J. rc,!!enltflltive cooling system in which one at the propellants is Cir.CLilated:
,lfOl)lld the CombustiQI"I chamber and

:FEE.DS'fSTiM;

AMER.CAN;

A~OOOC-,jU5ES

NEW

FUEl

PUMP

uozele before actual injectiQIl into tIle chamber. Propellants which are W5ed for regenerative cooling most o( necessiry be .stable under elevated temperatures and net subject to ,I dutn};!<! ill
state.

important consideration 15 the boihng point. If toe coolant reaches or exceeds its boiling point IIl. the cooling process resistance to Ilea t Iransfer will be increased, coo I:J.n flow will be int ierrupred by vapor lock, lind the motor wil1 burn out. Accordingly a propellant which has a high boiling pOint, at rhe operanonal fluid pressure .. is desirable.
n ite requi rement, per rormance wise, for ;J: fOC.k(1lt fuel. Preferabl y> rhe fuel should have the higbest possible heat 0'£ combustion on a volume basis; thaI i:. to say, the product of the ltt1l.t

other

of combustion

pounds of fuel per unit 'volume should be as high as possible, Propellants having low viscoslties al reduced temperatures are very desirable from a !,umpabililJ standpoint and in~ormati,?n on. vi~os,:y of the rropeliant rs required for estimates Q pressure d raps in components of the prorell.m l ft'ed S;,vstern. pre,,$ure I"lIo]Jdl:mrs inP ant problems very similar to those encountered with nigb .... apor pressw:e gasoline.> in rCIClfl' ctll;.:ating en,('illt"s, the major l'robl('!JllS" being those ussociated witb VApor lock. pumpin8 jllld evaporation losses, Other problems. are (tI!Col .uitered wil·b high vnpor pressure toxic materiels. Tilt' use or toxic propellams eompl i· cates openlt:.iO!l5 in a manner similar to corrosiveness. In add ition to the possible presence of pcisennus vapors from the propcllnut. the motor exhaust itsel f may he toxic; Toxir exhaust is :1 particular probJ<:m in naval app! icatien of rocket-propelled missiles because of the necessnrily cCitl.l1ned launching platform woard shlp, A (o.ri~iderabLe number of propellants arc beil1t: stud ied by B u A fm, even though about the only sy~tr;1l1s rha t ,l re of CLI rrent operational value urc the mixed lldd·mdnoetl1Y laniline an J Iiql~i 1I oxygen-ethyl alcohol types. At present the srecine impulse (lb. t<li!'Inble [rom. ,\ chemical rel1d.'.ion L~ llrnited ttl a value of appw::)'itnaLdy 2)0 seconds For 11- service-type ~ngjm:, h} combustion chambertelDperalurc .and the molecular weight of the exhaust gases. But there" is eve.rj.' reason t.o believe that thisfigu rewill be surpassed in the fQti'J;eeable Future, So, if you want to. gel away Iast, the rocket is the thing. but like any ortu.·J: methed of "leaving home" there 31'e complications strewn alung the wa)',
IGH "'·I\.PC1[(

per pound

and

the

A high heat of combustion

is

a: deli-

The best engine coolant j,;. one thilt will IIb'Wrb and cjukkJy ("'(';Induct dWSY ..... enerated motor heat with the lowes! po%ible lemptr,lrllr;:diffe-H:ntilLi. An-

H trodurc

powe r

REACTION,

.....OtORS

Tur

,LAUORM

TRIES

our

R·OCj(U

·ENGINe

WHICH

Vt/1'b'L DRIVE

NAVY'S

VI1o;1NG

Rei;tri&te(l

7

Ril (riuted

Grampaw Pettibone says:
Ju.ontake a I ck lit tJ,e lizuru in the Accident Rate Table at thl! bottom of the page and YQU'lI sec why 1'01 smHing ior 3.
change, In the: last rheae years lfu,~ 1103$ been a sready decline jlt the number- of

,'(\rtC{iJye

measure

pl.me
Ii!»!

w it nnrmal

tu use attitude.

to

hriog

lh e

Kriatls

and

faMI aircraft

accidents.

In

1947 and. 194'8 where the number of hours flown wllspr(lrry nell ,I tb same, tbere Will; a big reduction in the nnmbee of personS'

killed in naval ilvi;nion Tlwre ;5 .•til! pr~J_y
cal IY~8
1)1' .111

II

50, there Were ,15,)8 majoe

accidentsjn /isll""r,,~e of ahnUI, <I per .gay.

ccid en [1;, ·6nm

of room for 'mprove.

ment. ~ We go to press the records show d.~t we <IN doi'ng better in the nr~t six months ol fiscal 1949. Wid1 only twa days left to g.o on lhi' period ending December 3 LSI', there hnve I''''en 34 £"Ial. acddent5 in whieb a roral of 112 lives were lost. Tbfs represents abour II> 20 ro improvement over

the coITespondi,ng period bt~l ear.
l.l(r'" all pur out some rear rhought nnd dQrt and see if ",f!: can't make ] 949 (il' ~If '-'lit YC<1.r 0.11 r .. co rd.

This Months

Rough Ride

I've been ors It Iew tough rides in my day anJ heard about orne thal were a lot worse, but here" Ii story that s bard to lie. The plane was a PB4Y-~ piloted bi' an Hnsig,ll on an iastrurnenr flight plan to Mobile, Alabama. We pick up the pilot's statement just a{CI:'C he "t;trb; to comply with instructions to "proceed to the north west leg and hold, etc,"
"I lokI them I W'IS stamog n:ly climb and wuu 1<1proceed us instructed to 2;00 fee'u and llold n the hflr!Dwe.\t leg "At approximately l(,()O feet J lost contact "'J h tbe ,ljr!lul'ld ,Inc! ,It approximately :!(lOO fed I C!rtc()L1oter~'{j severe tnrhu Ience ftlld an upd.-arl that took 1J5 to .'loon Feet. With c{)ndltil.ln~ prevalling cs 111!:'Y were, I mlled

f(l~l 01'1 tqj). The)' rlltJhcr adl'i~ed me to contin u t: m \' climb vn til t I1U rIll \y(;St Jeg ~.n io d ell II When at my j!Jti( ude Qi :;.00 feet Oil topAL 95()0 feet, J ontacted the ontwlll:'r again lind advised them of my altitude and thai .II W,15 ,till climbing. At this point after being 011 a ItmdIng of upproximntely 3(15 degrees on lhe Ilortll'wcest leg. I WaS cleared to proceed on my bil~t' course to Mllnfgj mery and
to ~i;JIltinue my climb to )00 feet On top,

tllc [\k'PI()[lch centro IIcr nod wid them L W~ S eucounrering such turbulence !hIlt ! w;,~ nut going to If)' 110 "f1pn,~dl 'II Mobile .tnt! requ",~ed clearance bad: tu Monrgomerv, Tim centmtlue outncted A'PC Jno ,u.l\·i<eJ me I """ cleared tel .{mitgoO'\ctj' ir ort, (Mil!>:W\-U Fjeld • W ditnb tv and ma intain :iDO

"My gyrll !IodzQO was ~\lrn"leJ on the series of Ilr lind down dtal'ts ,10J I was left w,lh onlv the ba'i.k instruments of needle·hall nrdm~ter and ai£Speed to know my attitude. They "ere all rnovang so rapidly that it W1lS diffindt to- determine in JUSt what direction t-be rIMe <VG.S moving, 10 a Dose hild"1 :miHld(!' with forward pressure applied 00 the elev tor control, our Idlitude ,et;med till go up, g:tini'ng speeds wh jell were unreadable at 11 gJ,~n<:e, Duong ilte C~ ely period "f lhe severe tarM leace, \I definite 'stalled" 5hllJd~.r w;u 1H)th;ed ,md inTlJ1Clli· 1Itd f nn!ictJ the hu1J go cur fu the left ltb'Hlf one-quarter inch and 1l1~" Go d Iinire loss of ronrrnl f the elevntnrs ; in fu,"t it '\ "loS uch that 1 W<\5 in question a s tu whether J hnd ;t.Ily eleVllfu:r.\ ~I ,d I. "My first Ilrtjwde W,I~ uuse down ill't !J.fl~r thi; shudder, whi I. 1.15teJ Qnl}' mornent;;rlly. 1 h~d 10 r ~II IQ5 (ommullicatlrm, thereforc: was .It ~ 10:;5 to relay olll' iuform«riun ro anyone jf) [he P [an 1:. ! Was later mlllrmt'd tbat !'I'll one had it be~d5el on. due 1(1 being (OSScu Jlrtlund so much, A balll

duriqg this experience would have At no bme did I ever give "I' as haying I"st the battl;: (,t life wh;dl was existing.

nut order

been sui ide,

"During ne <1( .h~ violent ,Ir.lfls, lust Jlter the loss orlhe ei1;Y3tO( at upproxrrnately (\(lO[) [eet, lind In Ii nll~e JIlWIl .1\.
titude. bd(lre
l1t

"I do not remember iust I10W long ir was after that, bot I had turned 10 my approxirnnte base c iurse of 060 <l~gree5 :md had clImbed III I 2,000 fe-~t when we enen un it1l'ro ~t'V er e tuebul en ce, f) L1! n!;lcl incl icatiorr oJ ,Ht}' of' or down drafts was experienced when we were dropped from 12,000

1111,

we reached approximately I cou! J feel UllY elevator

,f)on

feet

pressures

"1n:ll:ncdj,ltt'ly Iollowing this recove.ry I \\';1.5 11IIldiriS [orwnrd pressure on the elevator
which continued to became greater, being followed hy:i prcs~lJre Oil my bad ,,~ainst the seat and late, being 51,1 pended by my safety belt, Also, when r pulled back (JO the elevator contr J lifter finding ir Impossible to recover by fnrwnrd pressure,
(,HJttoJ

feet .:lown tI 60 0 feet. white still in a din1bing nttitude lind hn<::k up til J3,50(J f<!"et
111

n marter

!'If very
successinn,

violent
Sf)

or

a "very lew seconds. Series drafts continued In rapid (ad rh~f r hnd np idea whar

I expeeienred an excess .sptcd noise and a very hard .seurpressure on the IIU II out,

AIRCRAFT
Now
WA:TtlH
OUT FoR OVE.R

ACCIDENTS
Major Damage Fatal Accidents Aeeidents

IN STEADY
_
_

DECLINE
Fisclli Year 1947
1,979
181,

BUT THERE'S PLENTY OF ROOM FOR IMPROVEMENT!
(a) FiKul YeaI' 1946*
),031 537 1067

Fi~(!nl Year
1948

CONFIIlEN<;~.'

1,5 8
144-

__

P"""',.,.I

Faraliries

_

Fatal Acident Rate pel' 10,0(}0 hOUC5 (b) __ ~ Number of plloL5 1£,;11",<1 1000e:tpo,<cd per pet year __
Ai<Cl'af.
HOUf.~

:; 2
9.04 2.485,130

.82
1.4,19 6.559,232.

.73

F1ol"n

-_-----

246 .62 7.78
2,.312064

'~Fi=aJ 1946 Includes last two months of the war, but Ihe figures given above d 1101 include combat accidents llud combat fatalities. Neverth Jess- more than half the major damage accidents during 1946 occurred -during lurY·Augu~.seplen:Jbl!l' quarter, (a) Major damtlge acd~ent placemem of major assemblies i1]dud~ Class A B, and C damage, i.e, str.ikeJI" major as '_'ings'. empennage, engines.

me

(0) The rate For pilots killed pe'" 1,000 a year i~ romputed lor pilotlF o!,> 'lct~ rnpondi.nll rale for pilofS participating in the Naval Air Reserve Pragum is about

=.-1..

overhauls. duty.

or re-

The. co,",

b"U as srl'at.

8

Jlutrioted

''1111
luap,

ere IV

bat II, J f not 11 .r,},,'pJ~le hy lnter stu temerus I,f Iheom.! p;< ~, ~ngtr> II bour d , E~".ryo res m.meu ~er, a

is venfied

ported hein!: "" the rr"eillead 01 the /(Iwbge Jncl witll 's~~d f!,('<u- f"lIing rwm tlo:r JeLl< uf the plnne lj, the ql'e.he.d where tb~'

n"

wer~, thrown by the inverted
-----

posirica.

Chier

volunteered mfOmlati(.1J] H,ar he wa5pi nned between the forward crown terret and the pLlrt side of II>", uverheud lIH,J "rjlittl.\.:'le<l at U of til e- I uose, geu.r ~t.. wed in the plan~ captain's [urnp sent fall w the

n t lIppr,w;ill1"ld)' I Q,,- t J 0 kners WIt!l bah'S [o,~jng applio;td l.n1D1eJhI teJ_y. However, due t.... the short rurrwsy, we were unable to bnng the pl~nl' Ill' it stop. When 1 saw rllllt Wt'" w.. u IJ ~1,it ma.jre- ii, T ;1'!'Vhcl\ f II Jl J'V'W'(r liD UW ['Drl outbonrd cnJ;:!nr: wirh ;nl&1tHlr!~ <If ,Wrllllltl IQnplng 1M p!<1nern we ~f~rlw,1l11 After 1r;:.1,illg the runway to. the rlFill, pDn ms J~llclmg /-iear ~uJ the plane came to 11 SWp jlj~t illSJl\c: Lh~
'lh(l m rol lapsed

f~(1'

(In the north end of

rLlI'!W\lY

3().

All

overhead
"fter

01 the plll.l1e. The men

itt the

were sitting on the heater pipe JO(Med in ttH~ overhead oE tfuc af~"t Statll1'"

station

and dew members wlOre 1m top ••f Ih~ p,liU'lC I.y Irll:' ~im~ I got 'lui 1.11Ihe plrt.r", tiln"'gh the ,'\H"kph hatcb,
i""{S,~ogClrs

"The I'bFle
t,tli(;;vtil tf. see

"'W;

a wrkt, !.>~( I

WII:I.

"~ry

inches in length, are prescn l to V(! rify tI13t :smtclDen r, Loose
"Dents, approximately
I ,2

g(:~r I"~~ tnssed in tv~ry d iretti(ln ,hrJut the plane, It has been notiOJ(;d that 11 number two can of JlcMhes =1." to rest in. the drnm: OJ; til e f u .rwlttd crown tUrIet (:ll} the lHghI. de(·k. An inverted position was neressarv for that 1'1 happen, and to )~I[,stnmj;I!{, the statements made by tlre crew ~n.J p:'~m\gtU"' on board, 'It. WIIS due only to tiw t~[_rifi, lir.JIO~rt~ present tl,~f we were "bl" to ret!) ver [nm1
Ih~ IIlve,rted posrnou

rl.lal every m.in was going "boUt Oil bh own and that [10- nne W;lS ill' jured other than Ii f~w.m,nt'( .'ut:< .;\od htJ.ll~~~, whj,dl were sJ I. ~ust,.I~p<J in, II ight," "I cannot sajtb~t ev~ry(lne in the pll1.fl<' was ~~IIJ1~ liley I:H<d little time I..., be that "'ay . » ' but (,",~ty~.ru: WIl5 doing his utrnost 10 ,-n.rry on d.ud!!g 1I very senous sit ua t ion, 1 II' jsl< iO'e;tp,e.q'l- 'lny app.~~j:lt'un to' every lTIl!n,n\?lved (or ha support during this moclcnt.

brier \'15IOft of the Il'ntlr~ Ii!"!d beCote pulling up tllt' plane's nose iUIO a luridill,!; attitude. TIl;S accounted ror his not seeing the green lights arruss the end of the service nmW:IY, TIle grQund fQg In the gully dimmed the intensity of the red lights to such an extent thar the pilot r-~iJed to tt."(oplliz('; their {rut' color, Il1terrogll t ion 01 other p ilots 0," the SCLffiC flight disclosed that theyexperienced the saznecoafusien reJ:i1:rding the true lJmihs of the runway, and could have suffered similar mishaps had they been allowed to make their approaches, The Board also notes th~t thiS pilot was making his fust night lllnJitlt: nt this 6~ld and was not briefed re,g:;1rding the uJditioml1 lighting fa[ili~ies.He baJ, however, made a clayllgbt b.mling :It lim field a week previously.
• Iagr«, wholehearredly l'I'rd, the opinion of the Bonrd in this case, Tb~' <.tne g~3tifl'if.lg [earnre .. bout this ~.ccid.en~ was the f a~'t dHIC th" piLot 1!SC<l p eJ w i,th his J ife, Lucky, I ""mid ""')'. Don't he overconfidenr about hlllding 'II a field ar nighc, merely because o,,'''e been thereonc e in the daytime. TIl.lugs have n "'11)' of looking a lot different -11' night, especiaJly w'hen Y'll' drrow in II Iirrle fog, s.1l1oke. 01" haze, Avoid c(lIlIlcilJll! by inslsring on a Tr-IOROUGH BRJEFlNG.

"W>

Grampdll' Pvll'ibolH'

.fd')lJI

I mll(."'(lIt.1Hl

IV\:

were

being IIl\'I'U<,J, ~" "ill nltitiJ.<le WIT" il1dk~ting ',lJ)(lIlWI tH!n .fe{<t at the po,in( of recovery, 'Arter gaming a lel'"l uttuude and ef'KI-

~wl."f'f UI'WMJ

while

Ufe Is Brief Sa.ns Briefing
A pi lot oJ (he f,·1L -43 shewn In the a.:comJ?Rr:lying photo was the lhvision leader of a. four-plane night- cross-

ing m~' S)'I'U Im.ri1.!!n tluvl: 'r lour IjJt't~ I slarlc.:\ IT\y fiShl 10 gel down 'lndrr thesturm. On tWQ nrca,iotls wh~n ill "I'I',/..,~ilnlllcljl
3000 fed,
0.11

the let down

we were

swept

back up I,; rttr:lUnd li'lj() feet. 11](: :lIilnle'lI:r ImtdlJr 1:'.''''( stopped h was only <lue III ..I ,'ery dept'nu~bletadio1l altimeter tha] r was -able to estimate my altitl.ld~ below

a~u

4000

feet, "At ap'pff'lximlllC'ly 1-6.1'), local urne, tmd

IIi

of 2.00 feet I was dear of the O"~"J5t, I tum'r« to a C(l~I'SC of 090 de!!~ lifl,l Jmmed4td\, lIsked Chle; ---to give m{' n glls.cbed::. Ducro t'be gyr~. ii_wns iL.od u!Jl!~\l11.1 Ilititudes lust exp~risnt~d C\'fJ:)' reQson WllS pt!;!,ent ro b~iev(: tJljl.l WI:
m iglTL haNe lo&~ 11IO,t of otir g,lLS load, Chid ----rcpork'd illlll tb't sight gugges read ~[:l!ll'Oxllnntt'1 y ~ S ;gal.I""" on each tllnk. l1ut ttm! bpbbl~ were Bo'Wing in Ille sight gltngct; sr.. much tlll!t I')e I:rmh! not be $JJft ~he r~ading WllS ,tl rre(t,

::10 altiwde

"" "'~~ rill! o.tli) OtiC in lile {,llIne ..Iw[trE ot Ibe faa [hat W~ had only Ot1e et",,,;ttU[ r iI'a:s ewp.:rien Ing u Yery diiliqlll ti.me- in r:nrunmining tlhirud" dlt~ to the pl'lrp(lb~1l8

effeCt Qf tho; lOIre ~levlltQ[, Arter flying, wrrrll'J<im~rely ,~,yt tn len miJ:wle.s "Il [he e3 t, ,er 11' b e.td I Ilil' M id>Jl ip man !>PI1 t ted Ellyso!J 1'it'I.d un .our sh).rhua rd side nb'lu t
ell'll' W(ls

Jnl;:rrt. Tht pLme the!] bounceci {orwllrd 7.1 feet at which time the prord1t't be_gan digging in. About 44 feet [~trther !lH: propeller left the a.ucraIl and the Jandins gell,f stl'Ut stubs began digging .in. Thi:. !lipped (he C()I'!<}il'
1nt-o the air lI[ld o~r a .:f(1·foo! slide.
1ZIn

:l.pproximilte1y .:J(}O fed short oJ the nUlway, The wheds were broken off by the initial impact which was with the top pardon of n six-fo.of emb:mk-

minute srop at NAAS MIRAMAR. On this I.mding he brckeeff and made tl anrrnal approueh to what he thought was ,lUnway 28. His vision of ~the runw~y was Ob!ltruNed to an appreciilble t'xh:nt "'e'lltl~'t: of thin scaltercd douds "t 800 te.et and grc'lltrd fo~ in the ,gully !h.rQugh whkh run two rows of high intensity appr<::l.1ch lights, These red Lights extended bruck frorn the head of runway 28 JOr fI. dis~f1ru:e 2000 fed and an: the same width as the nUJWay. The ai.rcrnft made contae!; with l:be ground in a .lormal landing :J(tituqc

country

fllgbtl which

io.dudcd

a. live

Get the Shovel
of an FG.I stalled OUl It high while 1.:md1l'lg under calm wind cOJldition.~ (2 knot, 400 crosswlnd). His l{'ft willg dropped and he aPPII.rendy hi.i the ~lir~tre;1m or the little He arplied left br,'lke and -right aileron and [('ported. "111is Pt,OCCdl1 m seemed to be effecting recovery_" However; the

Tilt pilot

or

plane ahell,d

JUSL

as he toucht!d dqwn.

expected. of it, t1uli~lJlly tu.med left upon applicnlion of left '~n!.kc and headed for !:he 'Stic):s. One of the rho~ogf'aphs ,,,bien ac;rompnnieJ the ac· ('id:eI1t ~eport, shows that both brakes Wl!fe 01'1 -as the plane left the ruoway_ As a res~dt. 'the (Cr.raif Hipped ov(.:r on its hack and suiTe_red strike d~mage..
.~

airplane. not uncicl.'Stllnding what was

its back

(or

mllts; with the ceiling l!-Ifghlly over 2(10 fed .. i). "er}' dark M~ was l'revlliling lfI l-he directiurL of Pl!l'i.saooki ",jtb vi5i bil ill' r,1) the!.'Mt fUlti north of. EUy' on such Ihnl we (Il.\l,id not dctWl'IIinlt W(,lIth~I in thosl;' '1rCilS. NUln' b~. r !lur ems; ell, WIIS rutti.ng Qllt inler. mittent l~', IhcreJ,nre It 'I\'llS m1' .:Iedsh.m t-l.l ~lIt the pittn!.' Qown. "A J:wrtnal 1~lldu1g Wll~ l1i~de; !"uwet('F, due 10 Ih~ l:.xtr!! sFet'd .nc.tessury 10 '(In!,,,j the Clltllll!ur \Vt Wt'rt> f~st 0.11 tit" Ilppw.1(h, .I:",u8 HIler I he ~nd "r U)f! .rHOW").' 0 I ap" prm;imll.~ly 11">-I;W \ml)~j;. r mptl{1 l'I'il~ mru:k

mile di,tMf.TIIt: visihi llty at fhat 'time. cstlmat,ed t,l be about one md one.l\lIlf

111C Aocidrnt Baaed states that the pilot ml~stook the hva rows of red lights

GV<Jf1Ip.<lll· Pettibone lay"; ~,~ They re,lHy had to b~&ak out d1e sll cwels to di g Ii> is Iad IIItIt, For:tun.nte.l)" h", 'gut Qut \If this s.:.-..p" wilb notl]ing worse

for the service runway.

He b:td only

:I

lhan :I broken ~nn. Rlmlrunher, when the winds IIrc light a~ld varirubie ;t is a good idea 10 ;tllow YOl.I.r.~elf some extra. inlerval on the pbne ahead, This chap got intotrol..lb.le by (I) laJldiog .a lillie UIO close t<l the .1in:tdl ;fheod, (2) ttyl_ng to land his pbnt" ~b(lllt 10 f·eer 100

bigh, 0) imprope.r use of braJ;;e5' It ta/<es {-art 11eadwork 10 !Jel off the btak~ \\lh~ you rmve almJ;J6t dna",d iI
recovery .from a bad swervcaod see that. you 3,re going off the run WilY uno w ftd'ir:t; hut if )'00 <i9n't do it. )'OU !lre almost sute LO end upon your bae"., l:hat iSn.ol. g'Ond.

9

33 AFMEN

SAVED BY NAVY
KOJ1ll aonfied tht.' ~,u:rjl'r b} \'P!l:c wht'u he Ji rst si,gh ted the men. A tota I 0.1 "123 hours \Va~ (lowu VP-Jl'I du rill,!!. the three-day operatton. PftFticipating pilots were LI. Cdrs W·. C. _ B'tndt1",~. F. Ut'r,Hcron _,!'1d KQna., Lt. R. [1, Edwards and LI,:. UgJ

or

J.

W. Thornp~on.

Johnston at 1730 on :; December to search -the anlp. where the Air Forte plane was ditched. An expantling rec-

Bender and Bergeron took off f-rom

tangular

visibility of five miles. Bender W!J$ on the seventh leg of his search when H

search

w ru; initiflleJ,

u:;iil~ a

Their

prcked u r

faces

~ fter

covered

with

11-]7 and

I'tM"-::!

sunbu rn Iot ion, Air Force ~u rv ivcrs in small mft wen' Srotl1:rt them, then 10 l conracts III the darkness

CW transmission of an Air Force 1!-I7 was lnrercepted whlch stated iL had dropped an AR-.11ife boat some 50 miles

JistanL

The .search was transferred to that area and a red Bare si.ghtcd at :231 U. Parachute flares and smoke lights wen: dropped and several low db-tude L'\.In.~ made over the fine area. On one fun the bow <lod tail lookout (ollabor;tteJ on sorvivor identification so <I iOOO' orbitwa.s started and intermittent red flmes sighted. Bender had to leave the area because of low fuel ;lOll contud

was lost.

Cur. Konn

11i8 plane crew which made the successful contact They are, lert to tigN; front row, Pi&.~ot, Killam, Ens. Johnson, Hi_ggin" Bl.)Lkb"rn; rear, Merchant, Sheriff. Owens, Brown. Hi;;;ler and Kona,
1U1J

The

phorograph

below

shows

LI.

Survivors

of ditched Air ror(er-;"I in lift- rafts as carrier Re1ldm'fJ It-eaves to in l>nckg.mund..to take men aboard: three-day search saw Z6 Navy, AF planes in searrh

T

I nil 1'1 -11111. "ll surv ivul'~ of .in Air E Force transpon which haJ ditched 1..200 miles southwest of Honolulu
it

owed their Iives tQchty to
of Navy planes

search team

d:l}' by ,I B-Il search plane. He was accorrrpaniecl by lwo Prrrateer« from. '<IP-21 As he- neared the end 01' his search 1~!IHem lit n4j Kona dethe previous ci ded to reru rn to Johnston. Navigator

men exhausted fr-om 40 hours in two llfL- rafts, en December 6, Four ethers were I_est. Oil leaks in two cqgine. of their C-S4 forced Ihe plane down in lh'r: v"th:r while en lQLLt~ to J-lpao.
A search plane from
VP-;!8,

and ships and a Na\'Y P~~\-1 mnigftlOr who insisted all "one more look," Defore Br~ ill,!!; u~' tht' search, The eVE IZi?lfdtl/hJ- picked llJ."l the

johnson

requested

H).!tlhl:

rlude [be last fell o!'search and it was on this leg rhar

pl:lIl~ renas plotted,
the bow

one

dispatched b~ Fled Ail.' Wiflg r rom tbat squadron, vp·;n and W·.'lZ, made the successful spot of the sntvi I'ors. lead ing to the rescue, Pilot mnuy Two
flilNiga.tor was

Qi

look<ll1lt, Chief Aviation M)J.rhJnist Mare C. M. Killam. the plane capt<!rn, si-&htt'J tI dye msrker which, OIl investigatioo. rro~ed to be the survivors. Pth'4Iul'S of Vp..2.! relieved Kona on station after he haJ made several runs
and dropped emergc.nC}' rations and li e

R;I!fld,wa for treatment,

Injured.

Air Force Survivor lowered Kwaja.!cin atoll

was It. Cdr. Stwe G. Kena urul the Ens. L R, Johnson.

rafts. He returned to Johnston low on £a5' a·fte! 1j !lOu.rs of By,io;g, Five prift.rteer: [rom VP-2ij. had been sent 1:0 Johnsoon, st-ilging base for the search opera(ions, (oor acti'ng in the search and o:nc
serving as standby, made contact with

r

Kona had taken off .from john(;totl Island a~ 0500 to lllak;: pa-rall-cl sweeps of ;In area where the raft·s were sighted

bei1'1g lost and the other. flown by Kona, If:Lding to their rescue by the Remlo·I'~.

Two of the planes the survivors, one

ihis pla.ne crew from VP-28 sighted Air Force plane 4(}O miles from johnston

10

NA.TIVE ,OUTRIGGERS BRING

:DOWN~D'

All!; FOR.CE MEN

OUT TO NAVY

P,SM

1!-~9

WITI-I

EL£CTRIC.Al

SYSTEM

OUT

HAD

TO

LAND

11\1 SURf

OFf"

fAlS

NAVY

RESCUES
---

USA
men mMntll)t,'"

MEN
no
.1

i.slIlI1.J, jlJ~1 L"l~1 or Ulithi, to Ilick ul' Hl survivcrs or J downed BoJO Whl,h hud diidn:d in the surf orr.,hur!:. All mern-

VP·-·16. PJlC;IFlO-PQ.,I-I.V:n 'n.IT\"; 111i~ squ.ulrou sent ,I FilM !~ Fais

7.7QO-foI11

Ill:

l.ljI

brr~ or the plane had been pi. kC'J up by natives <lod taken in. After the Air
Ferre men h~J appoiuted th~i r pl:me romrn.tndcr. Capt. harles Ij. Hodges, "Kjng." the Kiog of the IslJ!1t1 would
then talk to him, The natives
011 ,IJ1d

Af\~'r 'I ryil1f! smee December ') to ~c:.t the men off w:i th,gli .Icrs, Ihe Air F Drr.:.c jll! I a skl·e~I\'11pped Lr~J.n5f!Qrt J own on

ill GrccnlauJ.

the- lee and
the

IIiSCLl~d !lillIIII

the men two doll'S

before rescu«, Three
HMX-t

olTsbOft' to take
Piasecki
.11 Qu.ant.ko

was to have up iL, part

:H"rl\'C"J

in the

the Won to be ,ti II
japanese ·~dtt:S. had

,l..,k",d i r the
rhe Lruted

believed

rnnqucred

F!)'ing BmliJ.!I.JJ fmm wer€! t...ken ..board the Soil/,'I/7 at NQr faJ k, as well as two H)~-I'$ from Patuxent. Wben lhe

to the islnnd. the plune W,(S gas1>cd to 1,UOO gallQns, gu.n~ clod arnmun ition Were: removed, Ai}\hl rations -anJ ddJ 1tlonal rafts and Ii fejatkcts were put aboard. JATO un it ~ WNC loadl'd III anticipation of .m Q[lel,~ea landitlg and

On receiving orders to make the tTlr

'ICINC'

HODCES SHA.KES

WITH

CDR.

SeTEltNLlE'8

The. H!~h l back
headwinds,
lltiil ""'ES

encou n tercel
of

tnkt-·ofL
Three H,

\"\.' rer

J.

hours later the rhn~ BJird ;1.." pilot spotted

kaj!€ _ Al1

AJ~

Il-N

was ('irding

with Lt. the B-2"

the bearh, Lt. 5:11[(1 !11;1J..: a couple or low I'l!S~C~ over the i,hmd and decided an open sea I:lJldhl[< on the lee of the jS~ilnd WM possible. The Plll>i was I an J,ed und taxied u:, close to shore as safety permilled. As soon as the engines stopped, the nauves started out in currlgger callOl.'S

overhead. Several of rhe B-="1 crewmen and natives rould be seen w~l'il1g from

with the

10

Air Force men,
;I

canOe f011Qwe~1 with and CO(O~1l uts.
As soon as the

loud

or

One

bananas
taken

SLIr\ ivors

WNe

B·;:-' pilot watching r rom. behind the ri!tit wasnl sure the take-off rould be made With Ihe island ,tarillg him in tilt'

,(bb,uJ, a JATO l'lke-OIT \ as made, The

!IN were abo.lrd the Sai/JliI/ for the opet.lci-oll, Pa.l\LXCI,t sen! two Sikorsky the ni1!III'~S. helicopter" piloted by Capt. Willi.un V. Other hl,ghlrghts were: f. The natives Davis, Ilead grlli~ht te.';l d i.,,(sio1), ,\1101 rapidly were becoming adorned with Miljar R.. L NiCkerson, USMc.. abo al urni n urn b rue e lets .in d! J.r I'll han J.s, 1111 d from AI,!<bt test, 2" The Kml! CIt the natives was preSi.,~t' the _ki!MII len Norfolk lu.~l srnted tht' n':_", pruvided he- did nOI .fIl· before Christma;;, its (few hHd its. hoi i· il 100 nruc I I. day leave cancelled. They sptnt the day all (he Iligh seas, ffiill'ly of them ~elUiit'k Saipan. In Gree.nland Dosh From the exn:fJt iona 11y rou~::b \lIo.;r.l,t11f.r rbl'Y ran i'110 in the dash north.
Helicopters Sent to Rescue AF Crew

Saipan. After lind was ramped, the survivors were J-;n:;·t.:tctlby ~ Id1'_gc crowd .tnd i n t e r vi e we d over radio qaoon WVTF. During the ruterviews they praised th c ~how wI Iht· rescue plane 'lnd tnl d of some of rho:: awful but well-meum food prepared for them by the plane
Inndccl

f«,t ,lrrroachillg

effects

typhoon

~troL1g

~.li/l..J1l gal tlose ta Greenland, the helicopters were LO be used in iln attempt to gel ILo; m..m off. The Sdip,UI was close 10 Newfoundl.and. \Mil;], il. party of rl<;:w~rarerml'!n and phot0gr.lphe:r~ .lbQ,lfd. when Ilt:WS of the rescue- 'came lhrough_ It turned south again aJHI let
them off .Il Argentia,

A gIl

I' I

Pilots of ,he three MarinI.: heli(oplcrs wert' Col. Edward C Dyer, rommand111,1; ofhrcr of flMX· t: Lt. Col. John F. Carey. executive officer: .md Major A rill 011 d IT. De Lali 0, A total of ~lghl
pilots and 2 i
C'l1 listed

Ll ..

to

fly

balk to the

men f rom Quail

CVL

men and

A ll H turn ed

n\ e

011 t to
.1

ScJIIMI

was

be for the '1,000 ht'lilO!l,kr~ aborlr,l til"

rough trip and lost

face. Needless to Sil}' JATO impressed him when tile ,Iii/rimn cleared it.

Christmas holirlays, bur the Navy played .1 p.trt 111 ihe rescue of 1] Ai r Force

.....il..." (flIll·l.l. (:HIUSTI - WllO S;'l'S searl.lnt rump JUlY rs luusy I R_ J, l.urke saw .! -!()·!'uun.J cirUlli ji~h ,.,vim [fling nff tile rmriJ1 b e b m d hangar 47. He p ro rn p tly ~pt".lrli:'d il ,flU I 'hl>wed i! ,)IT- tu hls mates to p,""e rOll! don I .iI"'D)'~ 1;,lY~ Ir, If"ve hllil.

11

mg in jets to fighter pilots. The firSl class, with 18 students, began on 11 October and finished 5 November. A 22-hour Bjght syllabus was presented
in which the student progressed [rom

Familiariaatien through aerobatics to altitude cruise control, navigation, tactical formation flying, insrrurnent t1jgh~ and into the basrc principles of gunnery and bl!linblng. . A 43-nour ground Sell ool syllabus went on concurrently with flight work
MANY ItET11I~VEO V~ltlCLES COULD BE RefIRED fLIGHT NURSi DUffY PRllSENTS MARiNE A CAKE

PTV-N-2 Program

Complete

Lone Marine

Receives Cake

Ram~Jet Missile Shows Good Results The last of the PTV·N-2'S formerly Gorgon IV, even more formed}' KU.M:-l) have been fired and the test program wfarred up. During the tI il!lits perro~med by the slub,wlogedmissiles new time-in-air marks were established for ram-jet powered vehicles, The 20-mcb t'atn_,jet which powered the Martin built missile was developed by U .1nJ built by Marquard! Aircruft company, Fully loaded with instrumenration and 116 gallons of gasoIine, it weighed ] 600 pocads, Carried aloft for bunching. under the wing of It P'M, the PTV-N'2 flew under cont-rol to the p int of fuel exhaustion, when a parachute autcmatieully popped and dropped. it more or less gently to the ground. or ea. TIle P'lY-N'~ program produced excellent Jab~ results. via ldtmerete!:l illformation sud provided additional work n radio-control of guided mi lles and PT'e--sot flight maneuvering, Ince Inrgc power increase' come wit h speed til the ram-jet vch icle, the mi sile W;1 held st best operating speed by the use of autcrnaeic drag flaps. Though the- ram-jet is considered LO fit into 111esupersomc speed spectrum, the P1Y-N-J W:1S flown only at subsonic speeds.

Honored on Day VR-21, PACIF~ -The 1731 ;lOIlI ersary of the U.. Mannes was duly celebrared at one 0 the smallest and cerSamoa Detathment

tainly one of

tilt:

most unusual Marine

rr,

COl.

CONDON

LEADS

FIRST

MARINE

TO·l'S

p weed ures, engine and airframe, avistor's equipment, high altitude 0pen,ltions, high speed fiight, ordnance and trends in lighter tactics. .oncmrentLy runrnng with the jet school ;1.Ce11 Cvrsair school for pilots who need either a reI resher or indoctrination

tenance scheol for gunlified mechanics. Commanding offiCe! o[ the squadron is I.t. 0)1. John P. Condon.

course,

and

a turbo-jet

main-

detachments of the corps in Sam 0 a, VR-21 delivered to the MacWc sergeant-in -ch:ttge of the rita-Flr,\ Guards at American Samoa, a h[g~, decorated cake 011 ben;M of fellow Marines at Pearl Harbor. The recipient, 'ergeant Buckner, was the only Marine no\ on the island and hall under. his eonunand what is probably one of the best-drilled military outfits under the U. S. flag. The Fita-Fitas, In their bate feet, while shirts and bright red Iava-Iavas, present in drill II marching grol,Jr that r;tles.ccond to none. The accompanying photo shows Lt. (jg) Eloise M,

Duffy presenting the t;,\kc to Buckner.

Try This On Your Bearcaf
Pcop Windmills to Statt Engine VR·31-Two pilots of tlus transport squadron recenuy got a chance fa try out a much-di cu 'sed but little-tried idea. for starting a ball'), engine. Westbound with an Its]), Lt. Cdrs, Lcewer arid Caldwell stopped at AIbuquerque, N. M. ro refuel, A '.0mplett" starter taiillre orcurred on the #3 ensine. Faced with a long delay. the pilots tried sb~tinfo! the )t-:woo engine by :tIloWlllg it to windmill on a high speed taxi run. Will1 J .0,000 feet of runway available, the prop windmilled well over the requisite 600 rpol at (,0 knots, The engine started with les th til a 3,000foot fun in spite of the ~ 30o·foClt dewagers against the success of the operatron. the iligh~ continued On to its desti nat; OIl w itbour Fnrtber incidenL

Marines

Clheat Fiery Death

Marines

Teach

Jet

Pilots

VMF-311 Instructs in Flying TO~ 1 VMf·J 1 I, EL T It ·-After four month of operations as the Marines' first Sh()(}tlfJg Stt.r (ro-r) squadron. pilots of the unit are falnai~lr with its ground h mdllng and normal eperations and have trained other pilots in the

jet.

The squadron was assigned the lidded mission of providing transltil'lnlll ttaiaand covered flight ··.l1eLy, elT:lergenc),

vation, Pausing brieRy to piek up local

160 mph C!'dsh Landing Saves Men VM.R-252, HERRY POINT~Two pilot and n aiemaa had narrot queak with death here when Ilarnes broke out in theifRSc plane while it was being flown to test a new engiflf:. A crash landing at 160 mph saved their lives. Pilots were Lt. Richard Fairchi ld and Gordon Keller and the airmaa S; gl. Theodore R. Prye. Plyillg at 1500 feet, seven miles from IH!rC, the plane suddenly was filled with smoke so dense (me pilot ceuld not see the-other. Frye attempted to quench the lire with :1P extlngu] het -bur smoke and flames filled the cockpit. Forcing a window open, Fairchild stuck hi head out and steered the plane to the crash landing. It bounced three times before coming to rest. The tail section split open from the impact. Fairchild and KeUer received severe hums on the band and face ..
:Restrioted

12

List Air Museum
Be on lookout
The Navy's
fo;r

Mater~ial
Items

Marines Speed Radio Check
Shorter Reporting System Is Success VMF·214, REJ..DOVA~'I'his ' squadron has worked out a simpliSed voi{"€ procedure which saves time ill ehecking out plane radios prior to rocket or ru r ri er st cikeS". Planes without lwo-vo'ay radio are b.arred from l,articipatioQ, so there is a problem of g!ttting :L quick checkout 15)'all pilots on a .flight to see if their radios ire working. The new system saves about 155% of the time formerly requjrecl for pllots to "report ill," Normall? a radio check Went thus: "This is. First Night leader, radio check, one over to two," "Two OVeF to three," "Three over CQfour" etc. By dO'jng awa.y with the last three words 0'£ this transmission and lettrng each pilot cbeck by merely calling out his number .in the fl ig,bt, on ly one word is broadcast oves the ai r. The new t"ncliQ checks- now ~oUQd like this: "From First Night leader, radio check, one," "Two,'" "Three," "Four:, etc, Tests indicated that 'b(:sl:"ime {ort carrier strikes and deck procedure, the time g.tincd fot It dear radio Del is

Historical

CjU!:st for

aeronautical

material for the Nntiol1i'!1 Ail Museum goes on slowly but surely, The- follow· ing hems were among those (e(!:Util' listed by aviation artivities: One J.1p Sitton aircraft ami related (C)mponentSl--NAS Al.AM EUA.. lap treated PUj_l(f baUoon-NAS
lAKlIHl!R$T.

take necess'a.ry action for the retention ,md preservation of these items, pend· ing final accept:ance by the National Air Museum. AU nttivities should be constllnLl}' on the alert for items of

airborne radar-NATTC Cnsrsrt, GerfIlRJ1 sleeve and bow tar.,get equipffil!l1t-NATC PATlIl<E.N'T. Antl~ftcrart target reel equipmentASO. NASD PHILADELPHIA. Technical Data Division of BUt\RR has requested tbe Sll~ply Divrsion 10
CORVUS

Jap Mk6

Gilt those x%?!
qUl'Y

be a

wheels down.' /flrr(ld ltHiding.l

1"hu

New

aeroll,julicl material (Naval or exenemy) in ""hidl the Museum might be
interested,

Bearcat
'SeottleShow

'Outclil11bs Jet Fury
Features Air Group.5

p05irion, entangled
tion.

VR·32, SAN DIEGO-It hsppened to one. (If this squadron'S pilots: While he was taxiing into take-off in the landlng gear control lever. preventing full port brake utilizathe

PUo.'sPonls

look Coveralls

Bring on Ground Loop

Tricky

pil0t'S

fovera:Us

became

merly was 21 seconds for M4'\ G" 12, The new .$ystem permrts -:l check in six. In upparcrt
L.

by three carrier air: groups, featured by a rate between an F8.'F and P J-1. Although slower in level Right, the fil5ter-,lH:derllting Beo(lr.r,1f, beat the jet to the prescribed In,ooo·foot alHtud.e from a standing start. It not only beat it there but made two high-slde passes on the. Flff)' while it was still climbing. Air J;I'OUps from the BI1:<er, Rendf)1Jiil and Valle)' Porgi' rut on a lWO bour air show for the lIpertatQr&, With ftgMers ahernttting in uerobaric maneuvers
al LO minute Intervals.

Twenty-three thousand persons at· tendjng open house at NAS S1tIl.TItli on 7 November as part of N;wy Day celebration saw a spectacular air show

When a ground loop began to develop, he found it imposslble to steiP> Although there was no damage Jane to the plane, the pilot suffered "acute

Safety
Corsair

Flight Mark Brok.en
Pilot Killed in Spin Trai.ni.ng
PENSACOLA-The
T

[amp lesion itis. "

Another pilot blew 8 port tire taking o.ff at Litchfield Parle, Adz. He replaceJit on the spot and flew on to S~n Diego, Landing, the starboard tire blew, resulting in ;J; few precarious o:fOmel1ts for the pilot but no planE

damage.

Tbose grey hairs are vnew.

5a.fcty record of the t.h iat.1on Training Command same to an end on 20 November when a (ma!r pilot failed to recover his plane from n spin entered Oil {·op of a loop. Up 1"0 then. Reserve lind training planes had flown 2 10,000

NAS

l,henomenaJ

MCAS EL TORO-- ..... The GCA unit, 'Ivith complecioo of the direct contact line with ATC Los Angeles, gives E1 Tore a .z4-hour all-weather ·air station.

months without II fatality. This ineluded all flying done at Corpus, Pensacola. Memphis and the 27 Reserve air stations abQut the country,

hours over a period of two and a ha.lf

(:'(;tlg/;(

C1f,tMJJ, for Ihe fir~t intTe, unmliy I'etlmr.k thai· it II]oU like ,;1 gmnt bllg s"!lIiittmg all the rlm-tvay. lIS nose is 15 leel in the ail' dud ill taiJ drMple of feel off tbe
-J

People who XF7U

ref: flJe

Navy'S

'U'jIJ

jet

fighter,

the Chance

ground. NAVAL AVIA'l'lON Nll\WS ums .umek by its resembl anee to 4 Praying Mmnis mia herell'il/) l're:JC'!ItJ phIJIo. gl'dJ'bs oj the uoo to .rbo1<l the similm~ity. rhe Mantis IS

abotlt fitte inl1hn lang. The p/,me's enemies

rtuty

prtty,

/00.

13

Retttricted

Clan

For

s

Mariner
Canal
Prestwich

Saves Sick Worker
Rescue Made by VP·-44

Zone

ZON1!-Lt. c" D. this ~l;lu'lllrQn IDA\-It- .1 mercy rescue rmssion to Swan Island lO pick \.Ip a li\'ilian worker, John W. Johnson. su ifering I rom blood poi,on· ing at the radro statJon there.

VP·-4-i,

Qr

C.J\.i"AL

Lt. Prestw ieh rna le .H'~ oren ~l'.1l.indPBlII.~ half .! rrule west 01 the island, u.sing power·on full stall, The patlt'flt \~'I1S taken aboard ~IHI ..I~l open Sell .JATO take·off made it ,'cw minutes later. 111 answer ttl i,I requesf Irom rhe radio st. ti n :.ul{n drug were dropped from the air before rhe plane took Jolmson to Coco Solo. The man was given

mg with his

emergelKY treatment en route by U. (jg) Muehe, U'M . who accompanied
the

Hight.

"organizations" like the "IIIt'i,ml Ol'd(}}" of Salty Dl'."her! and me

T

ill

NAYY,

whicl
come

SP:1WIlI5

numerous

onceived nud manned by [unior pilot, of VP-47. Membership ill the "w -orld's most exd'IJsive organization' '-C u ll uame, R().)'u! Order 0/ the Om/lINd ,md Hdph)') Hl)milig PigflO1J1 :md HUll/till Bir/dog A.If(Joalillll-is I imited to n.wigttl:ur only. The following requrrements were sel: I.I~l by It. Dilbert, hcnerary president. and his aide En.~. Lee . Houchins, pro of the squadron ~ I. Four- cups of hot ,;olfc'c must i c pour J
down

b.t,r ks Cild" tu.;'i ollE-tbe R. O..

H. H ..

up with

st-u:
rH~W

A ,'a~lIe knowledge "1 tlK pilOI S ~<lmflartment _,,,,I ulntrl)l~ " un "plH1J1,1I require-

rnent.
Fuur ChlS.'~.5 vf d~!ll~e~ ;Irr: il\'ailahlc JO tilt orgsnizariou: .1\ Cill55-1h(; 'VC'hl!{ Hell' tYr ; B Clil~!i- TJw 'Til Heck \XI ith It. rill l-litting th .. Satk typIC; C CI,t~)-Tbe 'Ynu j{)t It' type•. ind D CiHSS. The Hull! 1 ~(jlllUgJlD You Were NU\li~.uing· !ypt.

,I

H. B. A.-

we

pif/g

Ever see ./

je! pla1/l!

its Illing.r?

'J'hiI F9F-3

to.)1 [it'll' 1,ictftfe,

by

fiap-

lIIigbl

be

Marines

Hop Chino
Consulate

Airlift
in Crisis

Aids American

not. J"o!ding one tiling witbonl tb« other eue gf'illg lip can be done, bill it is not JJ<WdMd P"O(£>tlllre, dr 'pile fbI" pbolfl,

doiN8 j,t.if Jlml ill fl!li.!

bRf il iJ

VMl\-l S.~. HINA-The- Air Force; isn't the only. aviation outfit goin~ in

lOOO-Mile Mercy By VP-22
Drop Saves SeamDn's Life VP-22. Pi\clI'!C-Searnall Jimmie J. Jones can add his "well done" to those extended this squadron fQr success! ul completion of 1\ recent mercy mission
lnsulri~ because
mart"

oce-fuurth ['If the Ilrigil1.li and retained In. fhr: port and stbJ ~h(I('~' The "pouring of I he retfi!f>" !'efcrt1lHTY must he [ll'rfmTnt'<il tlL\.:Jdeotrt I. Jy by 11 member of die Crew. 11()steFior
vnlurrte

the bll(k of th" neck; JO'''11 the ~plnc'.

for airlilts: thi~ squadron operated a lift of its own, under condlrions similar to the aerial lifeline to Berlin, only
this

and

one went to the

Ccmmunist-blo

k-

he Olut;:ht

2 'WhH", seated at th o~\'lgatil1g table. must h:IVl answered the lQUllwfng queries:

Wll~1'"'" are wd Pa5~ the su.g:lr' \1I"h«f. nrt those pointed thing,' How come y,our t)'I;'~ are crPM e J! n'~t CT1ff~e won't lll;oil frill! rhllJt, will it~ 3 Mllsl show S(.II·~ of I)dng ftibbeJ hI' tht' inU(lwiOR nrticles: ruciJOrfHtns notebook '" dipbolUj. plane' ye1Jmv ",h<!l't book. p_ih'(~
rhow trays, pencils in ~ars of vnr ious !,~;.

adcd city of Mukden. With the city surrounded by Chinese Reds, VMR-15J wa called on to air[_ift vitally needed supplies to Ihe American consulate and to evacuate 'vl1iru1 peronnel. T\\ 0 d,lr of operations on 28 and 29 October S.M lS tons .of s\Jpphes HOWJl in to the corrsulare, Thirty.

he

was the

"critically

III sea-

aboard the USS KJeJ for whom insulin was d isparched. P iJwing Two enr u. dr. J. W. Hughes. exec of vp·u, out 011 the mercy mission 10 rendezvous .. ith ,1 destroyer
11

five- civil ians. representing seven nation.LI lues, and 10 Y2 tons of cargo were
Hown out on return trips, of faciUtfes ut Mukden

hIS new left Bn rber's Pain t with gl1UOtlS of gaseline aboard their

thousund miles at sea, Hughes and

srngBLS.
4. M~1't be ahle to operate the folJowm_.: eq{l1pmelW ciguet hghter, sa.fdy rQa-h,;hd,

drop. perk or saucepan coffee pot. pllneil
-sharpener,
1110 OJ

ener lind zipper.

5. l\fH!it hnve been lost f(equentl) 'nnd WiLI, reckless abandon. 6. MJ.J~t 11IIve oQ\'lg~li!'in limr: in the.' hun. dreds (djr~ctiQo optiounl)

Operations, though hampered by Jack field, were ear[jed out surressfull y. P)' America u con.sulate and V:MR·l.i~ persennel. Red and gre-en Very pistol shells were used to inform pilot a to whether the field \va.~in Comrnunisr er Nationalist hands, On 31 October. Naticnalist forces with. drew and the city feU to the Communists who had bttsiC!!ted it for a time,

teer, They dropped theinsulin on the b w of the K)'cJ as darkness was losing in and returned to Kaneobe Bay after the !2·Jlourflight. It b as sine" been learn I}d that Seaman Jone;_, recovered from his
illness.

3ti{JO Prlra-

W. L

Adams, Ens. \Y1. C Harmon, M:idshipman F_ E. Hower, G. H. Milne, ADC: R. M. Everly. AL2; W. )ftlJ<lc. AA; R. D_ Knutson. AN, anti C. H. Peeples. AN. Be td ·tell

The

flight

crew

indu.ded

Lt.

14

USAF PILOTS WITH FLEET
E. and. na:.sn"t
ACH rutner hmd!ng a lot of JOy

was ;t

1\t'W

to ,1 pilot

thrill

who

narion and t'njoyetf the entire' pmblem.' This W:JS Hie commeru of MaJ. GeQrge I. Ruddell, USAF. veteran of 45 earner IftuQin:g,5, "oJ one of nine Air Force pilots who rc€ently jOlned_ (crees with CAS~7 aboard the' l)SS Lryli? for a month of car·cler (rain io..g. Concensus of a joint Air fu!ce·Na'lY eonferenee held at CinCLunt headquureers, Norfolk, to evaluate the experiment. was that the entire exercise involving the Air Force groop WP-S highly , successful and chat future exchan;ges of
pilots
,IIVCt'1'i

been Joing thllL perote. I made new trienJs dunag my enrrier indortri-

Plan,e
Heavy
MAT

Carries
Cargo
. ('lIi\J,I~Ht.'av)'

Prop
Via

Shaft
MATS

10 Jc'pCU'l

was th(
called
01]

piece
to

and \'.uious

other

personnel

be,

fhe services was de~ir'i1blc. Pn..'lIiously, Air Force piJots have !lctt:~ only .J. obse.nN£of rravul air op' (,"MtIQnS, hut this h'TOLlp flew wIth the Navy 6ghtt'f squadrons in actual air· HUIl- carrier operations. Bdorercporth1g to LAG·1, lht: Air IZ"'I7..1tftyee-s r.;cei\'t'd dUc:t:: weeks of ba~k ClUrier lmining and indoctrination abo~rd the USS IFright llt the Naval Air TrallllPg (om mana, Pensacola. l'htu came the more aJ\',Ulc,ed train ill_g on dw Leyt« shakedown rrulse, The: USA r had additional officers 'ClI!t~'teJ throughout I)thr;'r units 01 the All:rntic Fleet. Twopi.lOtll Wt'le;)Ssitn~dto Patrol Squl\droa Eighl fOf f-4UniliariznlLoll with f'2V operation. One pilot senred no the: staff of each of the followi:Jlg units: SCCOll!.1 T~'5k Fleet. IIIDill' .j. CarDiv 6, and CarDII 7. 'rile ,line USAf QffiCt:fS who took r= in {he J.e:vtf! QPcri'l.Iiuns we.reo Maj. Leonard 1 Wi.ebrdt. Maj, Kenneth O. C.hilstrom, Maj. Geotge I. Ruddell. Hm:o, lst Lt. John J. KOlght, Gord_nn 1,\, Kean, ht LL Qmril:s W. Stover. Ist u. john J. Walsh. The 3Vtlril/o."t! time of the Air Force pilees in F$F~is was approximMcly 100
hours and the -average number (u.l.'l.

Y<?kosub, J-=ran -a6,92rJ·poumlshil's drive slMn for the- COlist Guard 'ihil~ f:.flJ;mi. .

deliver

or

and unwiekl, Freif!ht MATS \'1';"
from Guam to

US,ltF

Of'.IC~RS GfTTI'!E

WORD ABOARD WRIGHT

lund-based landings, but tht')' do ('mplo)' "~definitetedinique." Nil.vy dive·bombll1g l,lIUC into dis(U~$lDn .. and t st LI. Gordon R. Kenn ;l~J8d. "The- Navy tYPe! dive-bombing With fighte.t.bomber~ is basicaUy U1e same ,15 that used br the Air Forte." Lt. Keno did ccnsiderable air-groucd ~~pp~rl w.ark. ,invoh-rng ~t.taJi.ng .and. dIve-bombing. 111 the Caribbean area while attached to Air Group 1. Admiral W. II. P. Bland}" CinCLant greeted the t'igh\ t\ if I?o~ offic-ers
the ,o~fercnl\c; and said, "1 am ve.ry

To s-an: two-weeks time. MATS was all to Jc1IVl'[ the hu[l:'1' !ih.lft. Su.mcla)' bceing a "short Khedtlle daw," ':UlJ the (;Irgo being big. it put a strain on tile- skeleton IOllding: crew. Chief Tidwell's cemmenl, uS he PlJt hi:: shirt back 00. was. typicll.L "\-We could have

C'alled

u~e~ .-1 Jible

help."

,tl

h~ppy indeed to have had you in the Fleet ,and T h.op!:: you have enjoYl-'il your exp_t.trcnu:s In these exerc: sell. T .un su re 'yOll win take some very valuable k.ilQw~e<lge wit~ y~u from your c~pcri. ence 1.111 operating In another service. '" ba~e the theory WI.:' are going to solve t111~ unificnrion business f:a.,tcer by
the great!:st possible knowledge 011 the part of one service l-l:! another, You gcnUemen, 1<$ the future military leaders, wi]! certain ly bmenl by that knowledge. The more we know abour the other fellow'·s: problem aml the solution for it, [ till.,!. the more sympathy we'll nave fur the other service and a better

Tidwell ID"Je the lri~'to Tokyo to +ssist and advise perscnoel at Hanedu III unloadillgtht· _~hllft. A fork 11ft lrtJl'k picked up the ~haft on its pldld. Jeliver-edit La Ilnot,iler truck- wlI-b II hip;h-Iift bed. whidi raised it level to the Joor or the R.D. Elbow 0: rea sc of :1 half dozen men rulled it into-Lhe plane, 0.5 the photo shows. After being secured, the sh,tft made the trip 5nfely

John

T.,

Nelson,

C_:'1Jt".

C:rt.'orse 1st Lt.

rier landings made by each pil0t was 40. Being catapulted hom t.he Aight deck ..of acarrier was a neW experience for the Visiting oft'icers. each man averllginS 10 launrhlngs, 10 round-table discussion at the con(~r-f'nce,e~(h Air Force pilot contributed his personal opinion of rlre
wlIy~

of car-

1111.del:1itand·ing of it. It will bring, the best rC$1Jlt~ when it ofga)1it£ation and it wil] 'Work' if we all know and sympathise
job. better

certainly comes to itself out with the
in the

othe~, feUo'\v's

lh$J\

past.
\'H-~> <":'u.AM-The l\ 5 .... CAN;\. Offieers Club is COn1pt~tell dd9.\~Jdt, since fJP~ing oj (I tll"l\l duh ill (he completely remodelled officers' rrress, The IJlcl buildiug, Inng [I hi\VNJ f(lr toil.worn, care-weary, has b~ abandoned t-o cobwebs; mice and. ~lwsts. Tn e [1<1 IV clt, b of- va mtsh ed bambt Jill, hltt.'ln Iumllure and tropic ... pkmts and l ~II!lVI'S sign s (If bpi nl! 11 fil'llm Dial su ece ~S.

Hi

improve

and

d>lfify

1'1ltiQU5

.•·metl1od~ .o~0p~tlltions,

flight signals, snd ndrn inistrahon to transfer GSA F pilots iltto a carrier uni.t in minimum tlme. l st Lt. Charles Srover, who made 40 ntrrir;rr landings dUfifl!t th~ exercises, silld, "Carrier !Ilndlri&~ are sirnilar to

1nstructor:
t/f){VU

i.,

tket» think

"I'll

bet

II

lo:

Q

gOI

IIItI

tlle'te oj Ih ilf '~P;'!!

uo:

I

peopl«

IwillglIJ

~ tudent: Yn». Il.nd.ther .. are J}t:opfl! up her« /L·ha tire Ihmkl11g the same tlrillg!

15

VR-2 Aids Starving Elephants

CREW M£MBERS Of MARS PUSH WAfEIIPROOFEO HAY BUNDLE OUf HATeI'!

SWAItTllMORc

VICTORY CREW IN ROWBOAT RIiTRIEVES HAY, WORM DROPS

and blandlv announced that they would deliver h;tyaud worms t<l elephants

the. aeto!ogjr le lure I pilots ofG. Lang,atsquadron NAS Cdr. [ames
T :'\11\

for all 0, rose

VR-2

ALAMEDA,

bales of hay weighing 20 pounus each and deparrure was set up for 021- so as to arrive after d yligbt, Lt. (ig) Dave Maloney wa plane commander,
Thanks to some excellent rHivlgation

and bird that were stAn'ing I,ZOO miles out to sea. A wave of sympathy swept the meeting, for il was quite ~vjdent lhe good skipper was ubout to slip off the deep end, Several casl furtive glances ill the door III case violence should set in but all :11)p,[ehel1,iOos were quieted, nlthou.!p not dismissed. when the p, rticulars were explained. It seem' that th S 5! fifth »rore I ic101') had run ~hott of hay and worrn for her .six elcphun nud numeeous tropical birds destined for American zoes. The Navy authorized VR·:: to make cleJivay of the needed SLl ppl ies. The M«l'tbdll iHal"[ was: madeready and 28 members or .l'r('ss and radio authorized to go along. The N AS u] pL}' dep.Li·tmeo:l packaged he 12

by Em. M. M. Mullen and Frokjer, NAP, the ship was intereepred right on the nose, Twelve low passes were made for droppi.ng the hay, with Cdr. Lang as bombardier, The thirteenth pass 'Was made to drop worms, 2, )00 of them, in a water-tight can, All [eed 'was recovered by the 'h ip' - boat and the Man then returned to Alameda. The cornpletc Blght WaS made ~ ith sped and ('(fluency with but one mtidenr to mar the feeling of a "well clone" for the crew--5aid incident being convincing wives of ~ht' purpose ofthe mission before bke.off. In all fairness to the fair sex, they h.td a leg-itlmate cause La rock a, wa.ry eye and press a ~Tr.uningeJlr to the phone. fully expecting to hear the clink of a coekt.lil gla, s ~nd the hlare .o a

juke box. Some, upon being informed, "1 won't be horne tonight, honey, because we have to take hay and worms to elephants 31\d birds," merely said, 'That's nice, dear" and serenely went back: to fitting the jjttle sgu;1rc peg in tile little round holes, (fit weren't for the press a.nd radio, God bless 'em, ranks of the bachelors might well have taken a sudden influx bllt al I was forgiven when the news dnnouncers told all that it "Was Q."

vein, The tntinil'lg for all hands r, n· cerned certainly will (orne in good stead in the future, for it dearly demonstrates fell. ibiliry ef deJiverin,g cnrgo at sea 011 short ueber. The next time. hum.m life may be nt stake or a vital piece or machinery rna)' be needed, lhu iU5tifying the knowledge and experiEnce g<lined From "Operation Hay,"

t\ L'I'HOUGH the AiSht ~lad man)' 11L1£l. morons aspects which were well rlaytd up it also had a more serious

CREWMAN

GOODELL TIES BALED HAY ON MARS

COlt

LANG., VR-l

co,

FEEDS A BAB\' ELEPHANT

CHIEF SOJDA WITH WATERTIGHT CAN OF WORMS Rel1tf'i{)(c(l

16

VP46
Duly

Covers Lots of 'Sea

Dive Bombers Hit Targets
New Pilots of ViF-64Sbow Up Wen VA-6·l, ATLAN!'IC- This squadron turned in -some creditable shooting records on its shakedown cruise aboard tJle USS lItfUit"'dJ in the Carihbean, both with 7;,n'Y Ti'll'l rockets and wreedoes. firs'!. time, its pilots made four hits out of six with the torpedoes and 8()% hits with the rockets. Using 'lI water l~,rget near Guantanamo. the squadron sen I 20 pilots, led by it. Cdr. R_ G. l~a.ndal, !:he CO, and t!.W. A _W tight out to drop. so waterfill bombs. Aver· age 'error [or the dive bombing was 30.8 feet. Ens, H_ M. Davenport was top bomber with an 18,7 foot average error. FOI.l1' pilots hud Jess than .. 25· foot -average while 15 were under the 50-foot mark_ During the cruise the squadron Rew 675 hours in six weeks and made 320 caerier hmdfngs witb only a broken tailwheel to mar an otherwise perfect perfornrance. T.he t;co_rd is e.specially outstanding smee It Included five reserve pilots [ust back on active duty, one pilot fresh from the bureau, one bark from two yeats of o.:o!1e,ge and two from operstional tmining. They averaged less than <50 hours each in the Ao-t prior to the cruise,

from Eniwefo.k to Japa.n VP~16, PAClf'TC-Like sea duty? Try signing up with {'his squadron for ;;t while iI you like travel. I t started Ou.i. the year witb an advanced base op€ra~
{'ion at the Chou San Islands, Hcmg

Kong and Manila. From February to May. the squadron was at Eniwetok [or OpeMlitJ!j Srmdstone, June a.o.1 July it keptone plane on TAD to VP.-4,l in [apan and China. During the: same period two planes were sent regularly to Manila al1d Yokosuka Ior navi,g.;tlion [Mining. August s..w three squadron pl'{flC'S p:lttiCip"'ting iu A5W' exercrses a1 Okinawa and evaru ..ted to Manila because of n l'yIn Sep rem ber, five of the squadron's planes were at Tsingteo on .ASW 0[1erations. The remaining planes evacuated Saipan to CKape typ.hoon lone and 0(.1 their way back to Manila flew through and fQl.illd another one,

Using

these two weapons

lor the

WOMAN

FIlOM

MAR5?NOP~,

JUST ·GUI.NEA.PIG'

phooM,

VO Squadron

Serves

Fleet

Seaplcll.e Makes, Fir.$t GCA landing VO-2, A'rLANTIc,--111e Ob~e(-VBtiO[J clld not have anything like thst-s-cza pilet-plane "pool" idee for the Beer ha s I take the test?" she asked. gotten olT to, a good start with this Allhough it ~'iIS a little" U!1:US-U:l[, newly-formed squadron prending dea... ·iation m<;dical experts consentedtachmelm fol' numerous opetai:ions. .after all Mrs, Hofer hnd been wcmen's The Meuitecr-.m.ean Reet, the VSS natiorra] stunt ch arnp Ion in 19301. Tn Jr~tinel/ll"r shakedown, Second Task the f rst test, Mrs. HC5ter went to 63 Fillet opC'r~tiQIl5 fiJ1d cruises by Ihe G's before she blacked out, Then, donMIJ'.f()ltl'i, Lhtle Ro(k. Prr;l'IJidtlI1C( and ning all an.ti-blackout suit.. s-he went to Alb"",}, have provided "jobs" for the H.6 G's before thecurtain carne down. squadron. Under the new plan, instead of cadi (wiSer and battleship having its. OWI1 ohservation planes and pHots.. they "borrow" them from \1'Q-Z when they need them. S'llmdron jil ilets are busy willi instrument and cross-country training at it!'. Norfolk base, This training came in hJndy recentl), whenrwo ~C-I pilot'S were caught in instrument weather near Quonset and had to come in by GCA at Baston. This is believed the Iust ;'Iive run" GCA arpro.lch ever complctt:d by VO-type aircraft.,

Mrs. Hofer and her husband were at Pensacola as guests of Rent Admiral ]. W. Reeves. Jr., Chief of Naval Air 1'rainitlg Command. "While visiting the School of Aviation Mcdit:ine, Mrs. Hofer saw the appar.atus wl1.ldl whirls navel aviators In circles at extrerne speeds W determine their .avcmge black01,1 t resistance, "When I flew with Tel: Rankin We

Mari,n.e Pilot Misses
Monoxide

Deafh

Ahnosl Results in Tragedy
Q-lEIJ:RY

Fisber is a .!Ive to_day thanks to the alertness and loud voices his Marine fi:ghter squadron mates who aroused him out of a carbon monoxide stupor by shouting lin him over their radios, While flying near Guanta.n1'l.fJ)o Bay

MCAS

PorN'r-lr.

J. J.

or

WomianPIIot
NAS

Tokes 8 .. G's ' 6
former watr1lln

Former Doro~hy Hesler Visits 'Pensy'
"P11N'SA(;/)LA-A

come by monoxide and lapsed Into semi-eonscicusness, When his CO!'!air failed to make a hun with the rest of his V/II1HI'il mates, they swarmed ,Ifr'cr him, Fellow pil_ots (auld sec him slumped over his (onbcok His plane be~a.!.l ;I nose.down tum to the. riglit and probably would have' cc""shed. bad not Lt. J. McDaniel culled him by name instead of by number. Later, Fisher recalled his mind was

off the eVE P~dalt, Fislu:r

"''''!IS

over-

stunt pilot. now mother of two children, went to 8.6 G's io the training command's human- cen.trifuge just to show embryo Na'>'Y pilots what a gal

wondered why tlley were \.Ising that instead of his number and his mmel snapped hack loward. consciousness
when he realized he r-ouldn't remember

a b1.;Ulk when suddenly be was surprlscd La hear someone calling his name. He

can do. Test pilots c.Ons-icier a pullout
of () G's really tough_

D. Horer. ".'ife of It Portland, Ore .., publisher. She won fame 1"5yl?a.rs IlgO as a stunt pilot under ht'C maiden name 0'( Dorothy Hester, well known UUt west,
Re,stricttld

voluLHro:ered to be a "guinea pig" ror the test was 1{r~. It

The mother who

Pilots tobo It,), [be Navis AJ -t Crtl'ru'l' ~/"'lt II/Ill if" l{!f)#;ir.lf,.lbI'OllglJ Ib{J w(u/.l' J largo), Yl(Ig/e-pl.'re .hilbble
aU.lck

fdlltJ{n',
"om/HI"II}

made by

jbe Non/) AnN/'jeali P I tUn CJ del' ar] me Is J. The

'lJtl(lPy·prrli.fhf!f is men: ipith fbe

"J -I.

not

stonderd equip;:1 is reporled,

His mates bilked hlm in.lo opening his cockpit aInopy and a few minutes later he wade a suecessf ul emer_gep.!,Sy landing in a semi-conscious condinon at NAS GUANT.\l{6MO, He pa.ssei\l out ;Igoill after landing and was canic.cl to an ambulanre, H(" fct()vered
"later.

Ilis

OWn

number

himself.

17

, COAST
C 01 AS MlAMJ was even prc\'AII"d upu[J to play himself. In (act the wholll ship's (Omp,lllY gol into the ncr. cene stealers were the crack pllots of Miami and of the l'Itil!ine squadron at AR1'U ]A'..K.SONVlLI..t:, who e .services were especially enlisted beo. use NA MI1\MI could not fum ish sufficient airl 1.1 n for a particu larseque:rlce. Thl~
was the p:lrt ill which Slattery recelved

AIR

RiSEIIVISTS

SWEE'P

OVER

"'AS

MIAMI

DUlliNG

AWARD

sequliNCE

IN "SLATTERY'S

HURRICANE"

Rt..AN1ZI~1) Re ser v ist s from Oakland pilots logged 1760 Sight NARTU WI"TU. NAS O.... Khours, ITHlilY of which were chal ked ur t.AND flnd NAS Los ALAMITO;;. pllrtiCI00 n igb t search attacks, pated in the PnC'inc Fleet maneuver, About 1)0 offrcers and 'in men ftom held olt the est Coast ducicg NovernLo Alsrnito _ who had come aboard for ber und gave another c nvin illg demtwo-weeks dLlty and haJ been organized onstration 01 their readines - for artion, into a V . OJOI'fd to A A AM !'OA From I to 6 ovember, Reserv ists witb their aircrilft for the maneuver !'rOITI NARTU St;ATTLF helped [0 deperiod. VR and VP squadrons pru· fend successfully tile Northwest fcom vided addltiocal airlift to Alameda. "attacking" naval forces, Patrol squadThese Re ervists cons.tilun::J the Jl'l.J.in ron - undertook search, and attack as- strikIng force and in additicn served as signments and had excellent refre 'heE ai r cover for the eYE Rnld Otrl of the training 10 proLong~d hacking flights, defending Whitt: Force. A'ir operations uti!izif)8 radar to goou advantage. were excellent and aJI. personnel were Canier planes experienced some drfenrbusiastic about sharing in an ext enfin.lHy in lindin,g the Fleet, berause ~ive operation with the Fleet. raJdf gear Iailed to operate properly The exercise earned a "Well Done" llnd because of rnexperienced radar from .orn Fair. AI amea'll , Ope:r,lfors, Asa result- mere emphasi: is being placed 011 radar rnarntenance and Jax, and Miami Reser ...ists In Movie upon ,I more arrive ~a:d!lr operator trainWeekend Warriors from NART jng progmlll in the Organized Res.'t'cve, and Reservist from All pilot experienocd agam the P[f:~ JA KS;Q VfLLE NA MIAMI It: ently made a hit on andawn strike launch and were thoroughly imbued. with ,1 de ir~ .to follow other front when they became weekend actors, in a 20th CC-Iltu.ry-Fox movie now through lind cornplctc their Instrument being filmed. entitled " Iarrery's H urrrairung syllabus, "the caLIber of Reserve operauons was ricane. " The story is about it naval avi 10f ex ellent, "Gues those Reser ('S ha en't ~ltl.ldroll, lost their knack": "I I, ObV40U;S these acta hed to rhe All Wearher bused at Masters Field, Miami. whose boys have been pLlying these games beFore-but for keeps;" were [ypicil com- members are bette:r known as the Hurrtcan« Hmuers. merit [scm Fleet pilots, From 10 to 17 . ov ember, when the Reservist from NAS MIAMI were atra king forces of t)1r: Fleet concen- called upou to provide typical . :vy 111 the marr'\' equences crated their thrusts against the an. background Francisco Bay area, Reservists from Los which were shot on the ·'pot. Their Alamitos and Oitklill1d shared in (he families served ill Sc'CIlCS. requiriI1f! , defen e' of straJegic point _ spectators, Captain Robert N. Hunter.
>

O

the Navy 005S for tracking down n threateniag hurrirane, The scene was ~c:t up in me best Hnllywcod faSh! n and called for a m •.ss formatioo of airplanes. Bying overhead and a b,U'\J plajin& to add atmosphere. Thirty Organised Marine: Air Reservisrs of V.MF-H,j at Jroo:. who Were aboard for drill On the weekend s(hedolea for shootil1g thi scene. tle~ down to Miami led' by Lt. Col. Freemau \'f. \'i?iII iarns, commander of Ij1~ Murine Air Reserve detaduncnt. They made their grand entrance Jlist as the cameras were ready to roll and during the actual filming executed a per ·ec pass, The famous Ja,.x -Navy Hand n lso was Aown down fo! the event and provided the music Juring the ceremonial scene. Advance rontsrt man for the 1,1:\; (on in ent was the ne NARiU Pm i'. (Jg ) Frank Coghlan. a termer screen ilC'ror himself. While .1t Miami, be renewed ill aD)' of his old HC1II.Y\\'llOd frier:1dshirs, Director Andre de "l oth immed iately ~agged him to pl,ly lhl.' rart of the control tower operatol' III the important hurricane sequence_ LInda Durnell, Veronica f.:lkl.' .1nd Rrchurd Widm.ark, W11Q arc starred 111 "Sl:itter{.~ Hurricane," were .111 "on lorarron with the company In {[JIn!_ ince they were very wHiing to rose for photographs between scenes, much bclf'Jful I"ublirity for the Reserve program \ lIS obiained in both lhe )vi i.lmi .1 n d J arbon v i Ile areas,
Tcchn ical advisor for the movie, which really commemorates the IirlC work f Navy', All Weather enttul, IS

I'blin Howard Nll\'~1 Aefologknl

T.

Orville of the ervil'c, who nlso

IT,

COL.

WILliAMS

TALKS

TO

~lNDA

DA.II.NtH

18

Restric/ed

The letrer ill"o lists the
rredit which may

11 III0 (.Ull0/

completion of .11::11('(, courses.

bt; gr-anted for rhe the I'.;tcicus correspen-

Since credit toward retirement Il1U~t be earned. after 51 December EMS, it I.:> l:-xpcct[;'d thatmore and more VolunWet Air Reservists will avail thernselves of the orrottill)_lt}' I.,r a~yui.rillg roints by join ing V AU's and regularly :rtt~i\clin!! meetings, As W<.tS brought our in [Jw NA Nrws October Issue, b~·gln.

as presideru 0, the American Society. Cdr. HlIrdiog of All Wetllb~r Central and Cdr. Vincent Sweeney, who su per" ised the Mi~01:i Jjt'''luti'ices, nrc !l.mong those who
·o:lfl·l;);

Meteorological

year count

inl! on t uar}' Reservists will I~:lve (0 ,Kcl'lir<: ";0 points" year to huve ~haf
11

J.\~

...-:OAK1AND'S
)'1 ...

TARPEIN

AND HOWSLl

ALIGN

SIGHTS

the 111 rears of se rvice retirement benefits. whkh are f'I,tyable when the individual tl:'u,-hcs the age of is!).
tQ,V;UU required (Ol'

arc .I~,~i~tj!:lg theproject, iII

On tht' local Irom, it is notable rhar av)' ;tr;:rolD~i:>t5not only helped with hal'~gr()llnd material, but also aided the produrtiou directly on one occasion by rrt':d,icting sunshine ill the mornlng ,mel r,J.li1in the afrernocn. Trusting in theu judgmr:-nt, the director shot scenes re~llIi-rin,!;: fair weather early in the day JJld, when the rains carne promptly on schedule at 1320, was geared to film
that

VAU 1: ·' 0 Is, Activated 2
On I Nr,v"mb~1' the Mills A "'!ali, In l'nit. VAl' I ~·Iu, was
'7

Vuturueer
J(,\iV:lltd <It

Advisors on the scenario mcluded two Wave members of the Composite Wave Volunteer Unit in Wa;;i1uiglol1, D. C.-l.t. Cdr. Izetta Willter Robb, civilian editor of lJ; naval .llvi.ation '~lU-,!-rterry bulletin and Lt. Cdr. Florence \ In Straten, un aerologisr fn DCNQ (Air) in the Nnvy Department,
Relirement Credit fo,r Volunlee.r,s

p:ut

of tbe lic~uence.

:'mrj Frands~" Mu_nklpn[ Arrpun, Cdr. W. F l\IkD"n<old .. ,~si~t;lllt d[5Iril[directur ,,( NaVal g_t',~rvl:' (All') W;J" in d'UIge of the cere'1lpny. ,,,hi d I was w I'l nessed hy Reservists crf ,t [I c [;I,~,ififitljl In-s t.1~~ti Dj::" 111 the urut ore t1.QW b~ltI~ hd.J ,I[ tile H. lo._ Coast suaru Arr BOISe...Mill~ rid J_, ·.._t I M o !!HrhW ..,Jllesd,L ~r rangernenrs are .d'l) being made with i'>A-S UAKL\S[l ("

r's ...ml une;' S}ll~, lie w 98.1 [.I(!I.i-<5. AlLl}mt;.I;lti,m I" t'~tl,bll~h .ur AVU(A) a'f Gh"rI~ toll. W!;,,<I VHgltli~ .1.n<.l ,'11 A VL at I'llrl Wal'n~. Indi!lllil. has been g-Mntcrl. On Z November, when {here was art il1dc/i· niu: )0(1' ('"jhll.!! WltI, une 1l11!~ vj~ihi!lIJ. "0 Air F"~lS .J.fraaft from Ih~ In"lrllmcm Sd10"J ;It P3t!'!:\r5(lO Field, "'ltS pra(:t.I~'nS G - II .tppa,\.H.hc;, while CiJJllmorOu] ,llr utrri~" \II!:!'.. h~,ldlflg. wai tlng frlr "J n IUL provcmenr in the; weather before i~l{empl:ill.'! 'tamhml jn~rrLImt'nL .Lppmil,-!lt::S wit.hout dll

LI_'~ vf

GC.I\,

"lI,uth.

f,r(,\ ,cif' Kight

r"cilili<,s nne doly e.1.dI

Cdc. K~r! F. Lueder I, CO ,,( dw urnr

Statio.n It·olmd-up
.NA5
m'l"
AKWtlN-Annth('r It:li;llftil ,\'"'~ !IIlllk

SItOK/I1':((-()o 20 1\oVel11bl1f I',I'-~,,.r ot cva-s s and fASRoN·i!Ij w~t( ~(Jmll'1i>,i'\!1l"_l II' lt h npr r(}priMe ceremnmes, An .intcnsiued recruiting mfl~PJj8n is 1m' clueing man)' inches 0.1 newspaper space ami rndio spni :t.nuounl'emel1tll. f", the Armlst1.<;\· D~ y pit ra de, th e l'fj!' tawed beh inti it bannerladen Nil"'), .s1<JJ'"n ""',g.<ln. &1\'1E18 the word :Ibt>ut lh~ Nlt'lll[ A,r Re5f'r'lll', (aught the
HOI\'d",

.NA,S

JI!He{(>sL

WE\'qS in - Il·~.. lund 'rhe: !;inlrn[d:_ IJ~eJ W3" the o:l",bo_mt_dy puint!"d truck mIrfing a twin .511 caliber Martin TV Station
IIIU"t. '" hid, \V11~ U ken (or the ielecast, Lt. L,

.-N A~ WI L~~)W GR.Qvr--Piiots AVU (A), n! CuIHlellivl1l~,. which
posed

of

Qllt5talld

il1g business

in the is rumprni~".

and

rr:g);t

inlll

Ul'" ~.tuJi"

Reservists who belong to Volunteer AvLLlion Units set up under the ('0Bizance of the cernmaadants, ,as well .I~rhose who M~ members of Organized nr As~odatcd Volunteer units under the Olief Nn'olill Air Reserve Training, will now be able to have one pOin.t (fedited toward retirement for each re,gul;tr1r !!uthod2ed drill or meeting that thty ~!terul wh iell lasts for at least two hours. Similarly Volunteer Nnv& ,lI'i(I[QfS who maintain their Hight proficiency at naval air sta.t ions wlth proper (luthmiz;tt ion from the c:orflm~n t din will be' eligible for one point of credit lor each training period, provided that .such period extend,) ()yqr ii min1rnum of two .hours. DClJil.s (onct:rnio,g c.!e-di.t tOW;JIUS
11

A. W!!SI, rechniotl trafning officer, John 1 Roberts, "'MJ. lind v1. Bqr.ln t T., M,H':'ide, J r~ '11)1. were the pM' ridpants, Thel' b'OlvC u hrief te~llme <If tlre n~fi()nwi<k RO$e.FVC program and men

siond men in the Pittsburgh MeIl. tI<tw 207 he urs d 'J1'Z n),; tb dr '~hree dr iJL pefill!.! ~ in November fl'll' aa ,,~~ruge of .,j V~ hours a man, Abm.!t II I;nli~wd men. have cum!! lor
'I"1Id1

tfil-ining

period,

or

brought their ta-I)': down. io the )(",'l;! I le~t'l WIth 3 de!11L1n,tr(ltinn "If till: fUnt'l in ,~ctJ<Jtl. At !ca~t five- men were f~U'U it~d: into O~2 as
while one Nav-

• NAS Iv(m,r PII-tS-- T(, bdp tnen ;Idvance at 11 f~,ter rare. the u viutiun technical tram ,ng
departrnen] il !i(·r!ing. Ul' ,m airman's
Ole

:similar to
help

recruit
OJ

sehoul,

which will

schrml

a Jlrt'd result of the program

Cad I;; also b(.Olng processed. .l\1_A5 COl" IIMBUs--Duri'1B November [lIIQIS In ill!;' AVll(A) llt Luuisvilte. using rwn

dle lump hom recruit ffin: r. Sugs,Clltions for improving '~cctjtlnS tl£I'IW ASQ (aea [",II rnude by the ."!upply department have- received !L lavoreble responSe: from the aviation slJPply offi(cr nt Ph iIll. delphia. One snggestion reg,ndin~ the in c IIIs ion ,1 f source coding in the ,lidrn m es ~Cl;"\JOJl of rhe A50 em,blng is beillf: ;,d"l'lltd

pt1r!>"'!"ln~1 make

to rbird dLlh~ pet ty

.NAS (from

Nnvy Day

Nl':w OkW'.A..'oIs--W'lJbjn t1;ree weeks tf\ II December) this

rctln:ment

for Re~t-(\'i.sts, tpsether

wit]]

mform~tiol'l on the proper keeping of recOtd~, Me given in -Naval Res.erve Mttltlrle Acid res~ LeHer#,4-48. Cop~es of this ldter have bt:~.ij forwarded 10 All regula r llddressees. Further informilbol1 tn.'!)' be Obt.1Lncd from tLm A~sisf".ll;1t Dlre'ctor of N11val Restrve (Air) in each ,ommanJa.nt's dike within tIll: !OT![illt'£llal USA.

~tllti(jn w!l1mi%siun~d AVU'5 :It Sbrlil\'\!j.wrl• Louisiana, at J fKk:snu, M IS~is5ippi. nnd ,J! Billup ROil.!;", LOLd~if(ml. Ele.(ttflnicl> h'1$ hlken II tl.p fWIll N 1\ NEWS find ;s !WW u!ili~jn(: tl,e T'<IdOnR handling Lui I'kllll'eU ill ;1 recCl1! j"NUt_

CDR.

W,

MOtlONAL,D

U.)

AND

C·PR.

C,

LUEDER

eNAS .1, l.()!ils~Fi"e 'lXfAVt olli'~rs Imd It) t:nlj~tL'il \V"'''Ij:S .hove re.centlr signcJ up -lind )If!il lUost active ill aid Illg till: lfL11 ninE: progml1l .Iblr.ln! th i~ sintiun. Metn~ have iXlrne iJp with ,( r!')cket C'.IrfiH for .:sCAR rlJ1:k(~s wbich, h beiog su(ccelisf\lll~' used 1'1' s~t\:ir" th~ line>, The wrt \\III'S nJn~'erWj from :) Mk 3 Rut bomb tr.u[l·r Jnt.! wi[l cartv IIW fully n~~embled lockets.
e

19

(HEdY

POINT

\lMf.212

CORsAIRS

SALUTE

MEMORIAL

TO

WRIGHT

BROTHERS AT KilL

DEVIL Hill,

N. C. WHeRE

FllIST flllGHT

WA~

MA(l~

NAVY B.RINGS'KITTYHAWK'HOMf
AND .Marine aviation played an active Illart In the homecoming ceremonies for the Weight brothers' original plane the Kia) Hawk/ which made its first Aight45 years ago December 17, 1903. Arriving from "EngJand on the Mauretal1iai the plane was held ll_P by a strike, so the CVE Palea picked it up at Newfoundland and brought the historic old plane to New York on Nov. 19. By Navy truck jt went to Brooklyn. then Philadelphia and Washington. Nayy squadrons from Norfolk and Marines from Oleuy Paint- flew past the Wright memorial at Kirtyhawk, N. C. 011 December 17 as part of ceremonies oE the 45th anniversary observance there, 'The plane was put em display at Smithsonian Institution, AVAL

N

20

Restricted

I
VMF-461 pilots watch loading Wtjght biplane on evE Palau at .Newfoundland

Blimp' from ZP~l at- NAS WIillKSVIll£, N. c., flies dose by W'right brother memorial at 4:l:th anniversary ceremonies; other Navy squadrons also participated

N'A,VY TRUCK fROM NAMe PHILADElPHIA

CARRIED PLANE TO, WMHINGTON'

Rtstric te~'

21

BOMBING

SQUADRON 109
Punape 12 "'jbr~h, Ill'
W!I..«

intercepted The

Zllkn. Miller

(]a~ lJf which he probably
the other.

!,y lW{1 d,;:_tr,'vl:d;
Jay

he damaged

(oIJ"wlllg
lUUJ

burnbed

b'Ln:lIck~, hangars

shups

at Pnnape und obtained excellent lll'>litlue photGgtllpl" nf the new ,Lirfi~IJ under construe tinn. On 4 April, Cdr. Miller \,..')1.1' ordered III artack 11 reported enemy mrrier II] the Hull .1 Iands=-and thing rea lIy began to happ e n.' Raber! Gariel, AM we, M;IJ"r'~ bldl gunner, in recalling the events of thnt duy, s<1id. "The others can see where we re going. hut back in the tail 1 ran onl)' Set where we ve been. I'll never forget the lime we went (0 the HaH Islands where", Jap tarrier JnJ flv.. escorts bad been reported, They weren't there, so Cdr, Mi l.ler Went after all, .)t ~t'1' rarget, AJ) of" udden I heard hi" voice over the interphone-c'B w gunner. keep ,T1 eye "pen for reefs. (/IC going 11110 Truk.' Soy, thar t!)ok 1\1 YCllC$ llff my

life!"

Nul

umerhing

more

th~(1

(lial

uti'

lhlt

J~p~! "Entering the hlgollTl ~t rrururnurn altitude, Miller bombed a"Qd doubtless ..1\. stroyed 1111 enemy destroyer at .lnchl'f III

,Dlt

"U5' HE

MILlER AND TH~ LAST CREW 10

FLY wlnt

RIM I,.

COMBAT MAoe

A M~OIlABlE

RECORD

quadron (orward, and Cdr. fl,lille, piloted .mil then Ted il battling a (:r05' the Pa(':i/Je to the firsr fllur.engint-'<l plane til larul on the ,hj)w the Japanese that not only 1GLrI'l>' bUI i11r~I-rip" 'It MilJllrn .111...1 Kwujalem .lIT his :1,*1)' brurhers were there. On 1,1<1 l ')pcrat!(1n;(1 tlights in the cornbat zones beelllle. Ml.LLCIl, Lt. Hicks and 1.1 I. H. tWCCIl 'I December 194' \lnu 16 f\USU~1 jobe ended February's arrivrues wiUI a 1944. \ 1I'1Q9 made 4}1 hornb.ng and strafing spertarulur musiOn "gainst \-.;rake Island, atta~. sank ~ 1 ships, damaged I·H) more, spending 19 hours In the air to cover 2.5lJO .1e;trnyeJ j plltnt!S in II\e air ~nd 28 1'1.1Ine5 mites I ("'flier. juined by ') plana n "thee on !l1t~ ground. uch ~ record proved iliP( squadrons, MUlet led the formation In II

C6MAllS$JON1NG" Burnbjng -~JuuJmo One Hundred Nine (1) ! AUgU5t 194.1 a\ AS, Sa" Di<;:g{)\ \VIIS n simple Mugh beginning t 11 meteori mn'It£ LIke a stnrl'lr overrure to Ii spectncu 11Il' nper: t, the ttilTImi$MI.11linS gave nu fm;elhk oj Ihe drnmatic c .,,,et'r of it III '.!'lilly squad run. The famed dr. Norman ?>IJl!er, known as "Bus;' kippered the '(.jUJUtllll through the firllli months truining in 1943

T

ing the 1'1I:~'[ in Ir~ ~~Lir,11~U_, >lmpa,gIl mal ~ no rnujor enemy shipping' was within striking distance. Taren, jaluit, R ogelop, KWlII,,Jeif1, Wotj-e. Eniwetok, Mejit, midie, Ur,irik and KUSlLle were 1.)0 the bumb;,,!, ~ hedu It regu t~rll'. .hlpane~..,. hl,SI!:5 iii insta 1lin ions Ilnd ships nl<:lunkd steadily, As the tempo of the M£l.l'5huJJ~ campaign in teased, plans were ,Md., 1<1 move till?

C

1\. ADM. PRICE AWARDS LT. JOIIE THE AIR MEDAL

[.lot!"

'!\~lf-'itloJerl

weee

,mrWng

seore .u::ail'lsr the enemv went to Lt. john ('. Bundv un hrs 194"1 New Year's Dav strike "'hen he bombed a 2,OOQ·tO<l cirgo ship 40 Jnile$ from MiJle~ le;Jviog it l'>hilg and scldin)::. R"'JIn c:; J,lnl.ltU)' to 7 March. \ IHIJ~ operated out ot AramaJlM. Gifben Islands. On rhe I Lth. dr. Miller, Lts. J~d{sou Grays n, Gt-'tlrge 1 , l' jck:; and Od.en hl:p.pard jmn~d (tlra~ with !lIUI pltm(:'S of V~,Jo8 and two f \,1)-.1 to MInck jl~ higtl noon shi ppil'g In l;IllOOIl and Kw!!cjaicin Island, The ll.udlleious, f(wlck was 11~rnllshingJf successful one: ~b{,te i",taJllltillll$, c:ttgo ~hlPs lind airplanes were destrr,yed as the nuder:\, weot Ihmu:gh

1l1U! hcnur

or

IIlliller', lId,lC1/ul! ),ut b"ci"",':Ilnl.

R;litl er J

making

lhe squadron's

first

masthead uttark a Itigh noon, t;fft!lt:ting ,'<)r1\~leU! ~llrpr~~e and inJTkting bCllvy I.,m'tge UpOD installations. plnnes and personnel at " <trllnsl1l1d ";,jt~,,ty lm"w" fm' th .. ~jl»,r .. I its AA defense. On 7 fii.'trclJ, the squadrnn l e ft lIpalTI!ln11\ In b~~ (l.t K W,1'I(dc in. Jl.nulim' 5,...1rd~c'

what j s be Iieved to be tb e .Ii r~l "rt~cl: (,lU Truk b)' ,[ lone 1l1ll.llt'. On H April, "Bus' !-i1ller won his litle 11/ . 't fir r.np f,.,~n f";lll;;lr fn.iT"/* whpf1 hf! !.'it. lacked and burned down in~tnUJllitlns u.t lul
1l-0q

chn ngeJ

r eorn

h>n8

pllrI{!ls northwest

If

il,.,

;rt

low 1e-~'(lJ

In FebnlM},. Vlj·Hl9 Jcgg~ some JO(l,OOO miles- {If ",·u:(h> 11m.!reconnaJ'.SSlItlOl'. covering millions (If st]uuJ'e miles water :teu.1 US~llr-

or

n(1mbed regu larly the lint of thl:' rtlOOrll, ;lnd -,lint utld l'ILkin receiyeci Ille-ir ~Ililr"Ihe lase wf Mnnch. Whee U . .A, G. M~I I" rJ ,,",'11$ utllt,kin,g

Aparnama to westwu rd searches V{lI)"llS from l'iOfl tl, 1':50 m iles j hwugh the Mar,halh nnd eastern amline< ... topPing Illst short of Truk. Tile squadron eoruributed ,uh'tJir1ti.)_lIy tel the Centrnl l'~dlik Cam['l:lign r,y knocking (lIlt miliwry instnllutiuns ill the lesser IslBmls in the eastern Carolrnes Mil .., Heavy damage w Il~ i"niaed on 'he fUCIllid'lble strongholds of Ponape and Ku~aie_ Oroll1k, Pingcll'lp. KusaJc w re

ers and a patro) glmhoat, lmd ~tork'"~ly ili'n1 ..Ig_~'tl fWD other ruasta I freighter... On :n AprIl, Miller discovered 1I new ...irftelJ ~i PuJ<lWUI. A. he put it, "1 wasn't sUPI'",ed tu be there, hilt ther~ ., W,IS, a gtJod Doe, too, a heady operational." For the nex I s-ix w~eks.Mllle.r mnde Ius oneln~n wur on -PllI~w;tt, and when ,0 [urre of LihlJrMf), r fmulJy struck Pulawat the mklrlk or M~J, the battered lightholJ~e nlone renrained standing. The inv.lsjon f the M-llrianas made um:

Nnrnwin,

d"estruyeiJ

fj"l't' I'03St;:JJ

freight-

, !tC<lVY fI:][)flth l'Ipf:rntlonally.

Outstanding

w~.rrj(lr~ who made the enemy lose ,,'alllable l11st"lJati[)n~,. pJ:mes nnd ships were l.t~ Gdr _1~Il('shek. its. lobe, ~ridgcr",m, Keel'ing.

22

Restricted

TO LT. KEELING'S

GU~NERS

GOES

THE CREDIT

FO~ DOWNINO

TiilS

M,tI.VIS

PILOIS MARSHAll,

WASSMER, KENNEDY, JOSE AND STEeLE GET THE WOR.D

"hl.'ppard. Mellard, dew nnd Wht:ilton, U Whea.ton piloted fhe first heavy bOll1hel t{. laud nn the fighter ~t~ip .11 Asli1.) (I lev) .urJicJd, [LiVan, on 28 JUDC. Acting on ;1 hunch shared by .clr. Miller

ch,lt

tilt

apanese

must be muting

Ihdr

slup-

ping into Truk :~\(I\lthwlird from Gunrn, thus Hlaklng their approach south of 1Oll's ~ea:rdl ~ltcr')f", Lt. Cdr George L Hicks ventured IlII ~ J une to test the theorv, "Ie Iitt I", res ll~eJ rila I he was plleting j;i, Libn.llr;r ItHo .1 11011I(;t',~ nest of II enemy ,h1rli. In the Ia(e 01 intense und accurate AA fire. H leks pre<ist'd IIis .lilOci: from l,il!1 feet altitude t • sink ~. 7.0lltHnn cargo ship, darnag _ merdiane ~hIP~, , esenrts nnd .1 destrover.

igale, nnJ t\\'1./ crewtJ,~ rime he had n, Wilt OlD t'nginl." setting con ide red "lmposslhle' But J"be :10.1 hiS crew made it hack. three h"l1tl overdue, alter [ettisoning eye:rythinl:! tht'y could lay hands on. 'tiL MillH left lus last "ca lling cards" at Truk on Ih .. 2"'t.h and ~9th IIf Iulv 1:1(' damaged n 1,51'l{)·tun m!!rl"h~nl' ship, 3 coastals. 1Q japanese LeT's !'1I.,ddled together in II. buat pool, and, heavllv srr"feJinst,lllations at Duhlun, Moen and Falo. Lt. CJifwn H Davis flew tilt 111..;1 ,!tw· bat purrnl of the .t,I1\1f «n 16 Al,[gu~t On
OJ
1111!Il

stars frum which tu
wounded.

Most

I.J

thl: ta.rl)' PMt of .Mli)' when Lt. ROPerI 1:, Vadna.i" ferreung beyond his search se -r"1 found a Cr1~ of .~hlpy;uds and I}(>wly ((\111· pleted freighters ut i)iJnti!tnJik. Borneo. In .rn nurstandtn perfurmance, he destroyed 8 'l11all freigbtc.:[s, I) arg(l launches. dt'~lIU)'('d nne shlpl'ud and over twn-tlrirds of an~l~htr with J l \ .tj'> fult, seriously da111l18c>(j a large ,~(hOilnt'r ilnJ J u srne II f tei.gbtcr~. Lt. D,av,s wen] b..ck the next day to d,,~olro)' - sm.,] I tn:.ightets, It sawmill and It ship).lro. 'U. J I1bc ended the strikes on 'jo M;w h} d~'!"l)'lJlg 1J) small freighters, a mrgl' \t.'~~~1and fivc-vixths of ~ l<lJrge shipY;'I'IJ
b"'~e nfter 6 tu ~ ourge die )'1pilnese onunued raids knncked our barg~l"ftcf target, The squadron's SCUtt' rose ,:hupl)' un T MOlY hen U. ].1. Jadin and Lt (IE) R, A. Moyer seriouslv damaged Il 2,;00· 1,111 Freight"'r <iI"f Chn~O;I1 and a radar anJ t:td,\?
"O~I OKINAW,\. VPIl-'j)\I"~

.. reler

T

AIlGl'l'S

hoe
to

were non.el(!~.tcnt Sl:;lrch areas dllrwg.

In the rouJuly, 50 III

st~Jke [,he enemy,

VPII-ll)?

h"d

tl'l

base an edvanoed echelon temporarily <It r~lt:l' Field, Operating [rim' [hnt point 011 the 14tb. Mi Iler and Johe made 3 low alti-

frt;ighter. a 11(1 J.f'~troyed8 planes 01\ Ihr gmuod. prob abl) destroyed III rnnre and daumgcd others, In addition, the' started

tude bombing and slrafins iara}" ~trJ.king fWfI Ji.u11I just after sunset. lt w~L\. Iht' 5rst •Itt a k by land-based l!iTCraft to which Jwo Jim:!. , !IS subjected, Ml1kr 30<1 Johe seriously ,hllllagea an enemy deslr(lyer, II I'l,OOOIon (relghter, 2 small olters and :, coasru]

tire

in

hore In.'>t4l1all()ns and expl(llded an

the lEIth, as VB·JO~ W.1S relieved, Co [11ander-in-Chief', Pacific Fleet. rarlio d, "II If, enough t" sal; that the t'I1Cfll} will be glad -ou have leh the (urWllnJ area. ungl'ntul.uions 10m ,).0 .. utsrnn.iing our ( (omoot duty. Well d 11"!" On zo Aprjl 19 '5, Vl"f).lCoQ under the cornmand nf Lt. Cdr, Hicks, exec on the lirs! tour, began it~ fina I victorious round. H~sed ill PalllwIUl, lilen Okinawa and Iwo lima.. the .squadron -.:ptnt (>1 d:l)'~ in !;:l:l!llOll'l 01" erat ions In four months . It WIlS liard tu I eut the deadly dT~tive. ness of the rnirrimum altitude :dlack,.and VPIl-lO') ilidl1'l try tu, ft saw ln il llull all of its lie", piJotlo h:ld ilie word, and then Ii om Singapore [0 haaghai, from Shanlung tIl H"kkai,j." i( lite<! its gIll! nd dropped its burnhs, n dlflmpion in the ring ngil.in.
I

F

M..}, d,t squadron rontirtued

oil or ammunition dump. The 20UI uf July was the Jay that MJlfer, ;get rarkpot

VPB·109 sank

J

18 ships. dllmH,!:ed 81 others,

J •ineshek, )(lbe an I Br·idgemun hft the tar-

and inilid ..d incnlru I..bl ~ damage 1111 enemy ,h[)W;:ll(\ld~ Or weak spots irl 4, bnrnhing

.111:'.1 [rom Iwo j ima, Bing fleer barrier p~. tr(.I.... "laking sped1l1 wt:3ther recco !ligllts and performing ;1.I[.~'elI rescue r1.ltll;tio,,~ for
1".'1

vtatinn on Guia ihirna, 1.1. Cdr. Hicks .:11\ I [.I. L. E, :KllJme.dy had good lrunting in the \Illllil 1,11111<1,;; southern uff Chcsen. Hj,ks sank .r Lu,ge schooner ~nd 'l- small frci,,:htors, and sl'tiflu~r)' damaged three otbees, KenlIedy sunk .1 small freighters, :J. 2..j()O·t(ln Freigh[cr_ and a d stroyer on the hiSh 51'::1,. hlllwlng the entire how off w,th n dIl:f;d lilt. Beginning (10 I July, WI' squadron oper-

~n<l 1\,~9 iittjke~

Ilguimt

the Empire, The:

when tbey attacked ChiOli _rima, Hahu _li!ll" and IWQ J im,.1 at d u,k. They Mnk a clt!5trlll'er at Chichi Jima. dllmn~~d a OI: {Ind n ,OOl;HolI' rnerdl'D.J.ll oSllJp: JestroJ'~-d 2 pl;1.Ile5 (,n Il", groLUld :md dwna:ged fl t.J[hers~ dnrt1aged II coastal f:reight~rs al Hah!t Jim.. and started. Jirt:S Cll1 aU the i rum] .... r t wa JUt in_g thi~ r"itl I hilt lobe ort:d hils o~t of 10 bombs dropped no a J.ll"ll1es~ dosln'y~ ,\ml blew hs entir~ stenl off. He pfljJ:wbly tlwught he'd done {'n","gh fot lh.t I1l£hl, but :lS things Wrtled "\It. he Wli jllslsGrllnll Tllllre remained
8 (Iirect

~nd swlllog :lit:"!dt<;. ACl OHicer~ Lt. Theedor e M. Steele, repOrtl'dr "The squu.dron was p<n:llaps pwudest 1,( its I.ow-Iewl bdrllhing l3dir~ (,inSk pl:Ul(') \, hh:h H dt"."ist'd anel putfcdt:d, li!'ld oE i Ia.t l' twO·ph.lIH> ti!ctk, I,Ised in operl1· bons off rbe Emplrec, Tbe~e hldie; J .. ,jJ~ed t~ give the sq ...adwn olle of th lwttel' s:tfeiy .

rt1torcl~ in the PIlLitic wit;! iL mew.! Nil t!npara lIeled dl'strllctiorl," T)lp1cal of thc thOr01lglio(;'s5 of the lit· IJl;ks <l~gcd frO/I1 "P.1.1awan we.£(! (llO~e mad~

Lhe jflb "f Hyiog JJis t,klfll.' ba(Ck ~o Sttipall wilh '1I11)~ 3 engine,. l'lis plane J,erfofflted w-ith 100 :L$.s-Ql'tedholes, his radio ()lJt, flb

Skip~'I<'r Hkks )'ed :t high Iy .succl!Ssful sldkc ~jl;diMI t~jllvlty facilities in no.rthern Kmeil, A" omen cf ",ram,), came on 10 AlIj;u~t \Ii iLh Ihe order 1(')·carry arDl~l~wnt f<!t de· !emr"t' pwposes only. ix da)}" lawr III 11 (C1'l'lllon mal'king the e.nd of host)liti(>,. VPll-lij~ received the l',esi.Jentl,l.I Unit ·ill.lion (or It~ tour c.f dutr in the rentr.tI PII,ot! in 1944H iSh on the tQt! 01' honor (l{ ,-ill tnu bapt'Y ,i,·tl"S W[)'s VPIH09 whQ, under the <hrin,/,(, "ggr~~si v~ le:u3er$hip of Cdr. "nus" Mill"," ,1rll:l L,.t Cdr. Hkks; had played so iii (jn. guished ;t pnrL iii hrin!ling thoo J:apo [1("" Empire to decisive nnd deva:slAring deff:'Jt.

2-Ll, of }ujy the squadron r~to.rnl!'d to Okinawa, and on the 'I",t day .ef the month,

23

Re8tricl.ed

Tests

Pick Pilots

pilot ducc

ILlS

which feels IlkI.' falJing and may prostrong anxiety

a

sense

of

weightlessness

reactions.

NQvy 'Turns Out TO-1 Pilots
Fuel
.1

Usage·

Watched

VF-5.2-This
mop~blyquota have completed

in New Plane squadron is turning out

uf fightet pilots ,1'hQ the transitional trainiJi.§ course in 1"0-1 jet Sh()OtiJl/J Stars, The lir"t groLL.pof pilots finished fhe.

began gOiflg through the mill OJ] 1 Dec.,ember. Included in ~he: first gn:lI.Lp Wefl;' pilots (:rom COIuPa:itWeslCoast llhtfF. AG-5 and A(;-Il, VR'F-,J:! and pilots awaitlng future
assignment. The 2-1-hour flight

work on 24 November and, the second

is

syllabus

Included indocirinutlon, formatiOI1, instrument, Medical oful;:".ec Wiltlllffi :M.. Craft tests eye muscles of applicant on phorometer
NavCad appLicunt K. Adll!l'ls gets Barany chair resl; from <!x"alTIJl1.er M,Duffi.e

cruise control, DlI.V"(·gat 1M, high

men, a small group .AJamed'L responded

trai D iog p.rogmm to enlisted of bluejackets from and six passed the rigid _physical and aptiJLlde tests, The going was fast and rough !IS the enlisted men went through tbe daylong wrirteannd pbysiml exammatlcns.
tiO)·\

Ncudet

AS ALAMEDA-When a recent NavydJrective opened the avla-

hea1')' twine reins the applicants is requieed co pupper-pull so that two black. vertical stirks Iiue

I.'O!1S1sts.of a pair of
up side by side.
rnarr's
II

;Ivt~liQmt\ eye muscle balance is measured" eye tension 'tested for accomrnociath'e power and obility to' focirs at close rnuge . Appllra:tu.s to .!}.'luge depth perception

prnbiems,

objective. The BaLmy chair, named after the A"i,1t;Cln uH,,~iB(l!lr(Jn-in$r.rullleFit If;!dphysician who invented the process, iog. U{QJ r~q- dwd\in.g, voesbu b ry. 1'_r~(tk(!.1 tt:st~ the equilibrIum by simu,h1ting rnoeluded:
Mhhmetj.;.

A three-hour series of aptitude tests to determine intelligence and stability ill-

bility

This determines
judge .stance of

a
the

to

TRAN;SIIIONAL

PILOTS lfARN

TO flY

THE fO-l

:1.1 titude ta.ttics, division tactics and s imulated g1±nnery. Ground school embrared jet theory, aerodynamics, cruise control,
high altitu!.lc training and basic jet op-

MtclJan;"J! l'omprehen~illn - "Two cuts 1m: nn II. ilUJ. One (:lIt is (oad~d witlt ~no pounds of bay, the utlt~r "'ith 10(1 pounds oj sand. Wlli,h is moee likely ttl lip over OD t.bl.: hilMdcP" Hlc'srllpblGliI IDVl:ntory- I'anllly history lIml h,<ckgr<)unJ, personal phobias (Arc yl;l~1 afrftld of bi.;h places?") . child hoed diseases, arnbrrions, likes lind di~m~e~.

tioas of the body in di ffaen t axesencountered while !lying a plane,

men selected as applicants to the Na,vc.ad program must be high
:!ldwolgmdtllU'C!5

Enlisted

must pass minimum

betweC-1l 18 and 2'1, test scores, be emo-

tionally
men>.

stable .md good physical

sped-

As all example of the latter requirement, lie must have 20-20 vision and cqulllly per.fecl heanng and balanced eq u LIib r Iurn, A ion$ with the usual blood test s, X~f"<tY~, ur ina! ysis and kneethumping, the physical exam includes all sorts of slick maneuvers with a rborom~ter, ~Jel'rh perceptor and Baraft}' chair (see photo).
The phorornete r is
il

termines his balance. In the past, when only college men were eligible for the NlVGa;d program, about 80 percent {}f applicants passed the rhysical and aptitude tests. it will be il1tr:re.~'tin.t: in th(- Future to note how roanr enlisted men meet Uti:; high ratio. Fewer applicants may qunlify as pilots because the Juster aircraft now rellins otI assembly lines, accQrdipg to Dr. M,mr.lce N, Walsh of Mayo clinic, Psychiatric rests mu~~ he slrider than ever, he said, because new planes will

the chair and is whirled around 10 times. at a: swift pace while assuming different positions. His ;1.Dili!yto sit upright, focus his eyes on a glVal object, er stand \,>;<ithout tette:ring de-

111e NaVCltd applicant

is seated in

C'mliomu phoning. Each offi~er gOl "'i2 hours ofgtou.nd school. The StlfNy rec~Hd of the gmup WLlS
considered outstanding.
001"

minor :LCli-

dent oceuceed when the rilot of 11 TO·[ po.rpoise~ Jllring landing and damaged the nose wheel. Of all the landings made Oil the relaJ:twly short (6000')
runway at .San Diego, only

one

plaoe

or

landed long enough to run off '-he end of the runway_ Tt WIUI l1t,Jamnged. A rler cu m p let in g fhe prescribed course, all transition pilots said actual fiying of jets is comp'lutllle!y {'a.,sybut that flight planning preparations and careful Hight attention were much more crffk:al than iuronventiolliLl aircraft. PiIQ[sJ!sQ became "bel iJ;:I'~rs"'il1 nnuntailling a meticulous watch of [uel consumpcien. Vid F -115, I-T II IVAIJ- vVllo said peaceL1uw? Wjth a greM Increase in plane and pilot avai1abiltt,y, thiS sqL!adron Hew ll2o. huurs 111 nne mouth, the Lest ·monthly rec(lru .since peacetime rouune W!,IS estabU~lwu. It was alrnest .500 hours hetter than tilt' hl>..>,t(Ilttll [nl" the sql!~ldl'onwhile it was

make

severer

ernotional

demands

on

complicated

set

or steel eyeglass fromes swiveling on a stand at one end of a long, narrow roofl;!. Al the other endof the eubicle is n wall box with a fascinating set of
lights that revolve, recede. lengthen, diminish und sputter as the Navead

pilots. Many lives were lost in training du.rio.1;( WorlJ. WM If, eVtTI tholl~h pilots wen: screened WIth (ol1ljiJI!tu,ble ~.LCe. "nilS was due to the effects .Q f an xiel:y at cr~lkal moments.
!llrcta[l inten~ify the need for psyehiatric tests for pilots. \17hen raaxirnum speed is reaChed,the Tbe supersonic

in North China. It included 368 hours (IF
tactics, 295 hDUT~ vf gunller;y. 142 hour S of instrum(lnt.~ RJ1d 188 hours night Hying. Average pil'"'t lime 111m; 37 hours,

24

Restricted

Reserves

Fly At Notion's
Crossroad
AT NATIONAL MODEL M~lT HEW AT OLATHE, TORONTO QUINlEY SHOW .MODElS TO LT. MILBOURNE 0NG BEfORE J.

sailor named Colurnthe Atlantic currents the site 0 aval Atr Station llt lathe was e tablished as the center of travel in America. Herds of buffalo h d worn a P>lthWJY between the lu h bus disturhed Missouri Valley and the winter feedin,g of the Western plaios, Beiog natural engineers, the bison traveled the easi est, most direct route. ince they were careful ob ervers pioneers of the 1850 to 1880 migrations travelled tilt:' 5ll.1IlC route, and great wllgon-rrains rolled Westward over what were alled the Santa Fe and Oregon Trails, BC',Ith ~[aJ15 pas ed exactly iIO'OS$ the starion's runways. Railroads quickly followed, Kansas Cuv, ;usl 20 miles away, became tho

T L

and major offices of are located in Kan as City. A OLATHE ha long since seen the air !:raifle 0 the world COilverge on its run'lVay _
>lI1J

Continental

four other lines

Olathe became it part of the Naval Air Reserve in the spring of 1946~ Its subsequent achlevcments have not lessened it color.

summer

blue-stem

gr.rsslands

of

t]1e

The

fh\for of

ground

o[J West-a position of leadership It stili maintains today. With till: advent of rhl; automobile. it .1lso became a cenI ral Junction rClr l.rctn5(Oh~ihehhd roads, It was onl}' natural. therefore, that
the area hould become center for the airplane. the nation's

nl.li am:! cattle terminus opening the

1 day, the home officc$ for TWA~ .Mid- ontincnt

the station 1S proud of ttpplyin_g the phrase "where the West begin.s"-a blending 01' cowboy boots and ,l\'Y suits, During the war, Olathe was the headquarters rOr all continental operations of VR-,J. and the ATS planes carried thousands of service personnel to and from the battle front of the glohe_ ornmissioaed in October ] ,942 by _;;!J_ t. D. W. Tomlinson, the li rst mission of tbe base was to give primary [min ing to the Nally'S flcdSling.s. Capt. Temliason Will: (allowed by It. Cdr. Arthur Helm. the ramous apt. Dixie Kiefer, Capt. R. G. lockhart and Cdr, Harold Brow. The -1 00 primary student rolled. lip 463.220 hours In the dear Kansas (IiI: durin this period. VR-3 took over in epternber 1944, and i recmd$ art: too well known to
need repf'!ltlng.

the

Wc-st remains

and

tifuJ" in Shawnee, NAS OI-A1'HB is a .recognized [actor In community life. Its personnel are welcome and respected
in the area, and, in turn, like their sur-

J the same
UT

F0UR miles

from the 10Wn of name. which means "beau-

roundings. Cornmandlng offi"er of NAS OLATH 6 is Captain mpbcll Keene. Havins enlisted as a seaman second c1t5S .ia an en ign in the Naval Reserve and de.~ignatcd a. naval aviator in 1918 after Hight IrJlning llt Pensacola. In J940, lifter a wide variety of n;l,\'J.1 aviation ;tS:;igD ments, he was transferred to the IVrIK!Jt as uir officer and was later given temporary ,tdclitiooull orders to Wake Island, He was captured on Wake and spent the remainder of the
war in Japan. Before taking over at Olathe, Capt, Keene erved as ,LV inti on

1917. Capt. Keene

was

commissioned

aide

to th . Commandant,

ULb ND,
MIRAMAR,

and rarer was CO of
Commander

AS

was ecmrnissieeed in the Naval Reserve
In 1929, is the e:l1eCuri,'c officer at the station. Afte r serving as flight instrector at Pensacola, he \\,,15 assigned ill t939 to the N(I'vaJ Reser- c Avi tlon Base in Kansas City, Kansas. Since that date h.s duties have iJelltified him with this are > and, as a true "old 'timer," hi friendships anJ experience have been most valuable. The stntion has 36 om er and 426 enlisted stalionkeepers on the roster for the Navy while lhree officers and 41 men are in Marine AiI Detachment.

James A. Peterson,

who

JOHNSON COUNTY SCHOOL :rEACHERS HEAR LT. KlNCANNQN

E"XPLAIN WEATHClI, FQjl:ECA51 PROBLfMS

2S

!!ODfO'S

MCGEE, CAl".

KeENE. GOVERNOR

CARLSON,

MAYOR ROBINSO'N

A fEW

Of'

THE 70,000

VISITORS

,U

TH!E NATIONAL

MODEl

AIR

MHT

Organized squadrons of the Naval Air Reserve and one of the Marine Air Reserve ope.r~lte from Olathe. In addit ion, the Associated Volunteer Reserve unit. wlnch the; statlO~l supports at WichitJ, Kansas, makes the Na\'Y~S air lmprillt felt over a
wide radius.

T-wm_VE

Griffith. Kline and McC'Irma h. as well

rolled in one or another of the squadron. W. E. Holdron L" n VF-55·L and

In all some 387 Organized officer and 1025 men as well a 189 Associated Volunteer Reserve officers rake part in regular ([aining, while many Volunteer pilots come our occasionally to keep up their aight proficiency. The majority of Organized aviator are Gl tudents at the unrversities of Kansas. Missouri and Kansas Gty and
at Kansas S~ate College and Baker Uni-

versity, ln , closely knit community such as 01. (he, mutua] interests bring mMly brothers and Fraternal groups into the Navy orbit. Lt. Cdr, Paul Boyer is CO of VF-~G·j_. while" his brotht:rWi]·
lime,
11 Lt.

(jg),

is exec

of VA-56-L

VA·70·A boasts the station's only husband-wife crnbination in Gerald l. and Emma A, Thomas, 11.2 and YN~ respectively. Both are studenrs at KU and hoth arc thrfe-ycar veterans. Lt. Cdr. D. W. Martin of this squadron. now a GT lenral student, was formerly the type training officer at the base. FASRon·67 has two family teams in skipper, 1.t. Cdr. .E. E. Mclaughlin and his brother. who is a DKI. and in L. J. WacO ADEt': and L D. Waco, je., R, Father, Lt, (jg) Robert Canfield and his twin on ~ Richard and Robert, both SR's., are member» of VF·69·"'. VF·70·A t]lfOW~ its weight llhouf for many reasons. 1t hns Forest Griffith, SR, who I II Big Six star fullback, lind Edwin tee, starling tckJe ;lr !'...LJ. With su h men parking the drive, this squadron wall the recrUIting trophy at the station last spring. Practically the entire footbaU squad of Kansas University. in fact, is en-

as KlJ cheerleader Cohr. are in VF-S6-L Since NA OLA"rHE- stands for naval aviation in the "heart. of America." Reservists are canst.mtl) called upon lo participate in many spe ial commnruty events which are held both at the base it elf and in the surroundina area, in the iall of 1947, the stat jon. in cooperatfon with the Olathe Chamber of Commerce, staged Q nine-state rcgionaJ model airplane meet. This was o successful that In 1948 the Chamber of on11111;::n.:e and the American Legion arranged to hold the 17th ational Model Airplane Meet [or .:1 five-day period aboard the tatIon.. An estimated 70.000 spectator and '1200 contestant f rom e_~e.ry st'3te tI~ well as (rom anada and Mexico, po used into the area for the event. \vhich is sti] l receiving pl :1udiL~ frem newspapers and lDnga~ines as the best meet ever held. on testant were hou in Kinrurk Hall and were Jed in the general mess, During five days of pandemonium and buzzes, the model youth of Amerrea enloyed unparalleled Aying ,:ofI1ptliHoo J.n.d managed to establish 11 ne world records. At- the end of the meet evcty· one t the station from the CO down, together with some 5'';00 townsfolk wh0 had worked d3,Y .,md njgbt. took .3

long sutlsfied Look at the joP-.lIl.! quietly collapsed. A repeat perfomlanee has nov been cheduled and OLath will. agaj_n s rve as host for t'he National Model Meet in 1949. . rationkecpers also jump into the slaging of the famous rodeo which the town of Olathe presents each yellL Wllh the same enthusiasm It that shown by their _';"i]ian neighbors, lilt'}." watch cowboys, who later will end the season under the lights of Mddi~on 'quare Garden, do their stints 111 the rhl·cc:-J.IY blow-out. Leavenwcrth, horne Army's Command and General -tafi College, wbereofficers from all servi es and from friendly allies as well are IIuached, Marine transport pLtI,es have been used for the past two )'t"ars to fly officers from the graduating class at Leavenworth to the Marine combined maneuvers on the West COa5t. Olathe is the -"t¥in.,g point for both take-oft and return. This opporruaity to work oat mutual problems and projects has strengthened the cordial relations bel ween the services. On 29 November. the stanon W;lS host to more thun 700 member of the JobnStlD County Farm Bureau at ihe largest meeting of the group ever beld. The rarrners and their families were guests in the general rrress and
station is Fort enjoyed
It

F of the

ORTI

MIL'

to

the

north

of the

eo

Lour of th~ station

follo\\'ing

their busine s meeting. The Pensacola crui es were iniliaku ill April hy Vi;-70'A, which _flew down

sonnel and equipment were transported In six "FG·jo's and one R4D. 10 JUDe, VP-I>[J.- 5 staged _J tl'jllllO~ niglYL 10 F!OCiJll. Twenty-one ollicers and 30 men-enjoyed 10 days of intenOLATH~

Icr overwarer gunnery exercises.

Per-

c,

Qf

C, HOHORS

STATION IN FLOAT

sive Right IT'ft-lning, bombing, and g\<!J1' nery and equally intensive liberry in

26

Perulleola, Miami, Key Wesl, Memphis. and t. Lou-is. Also during June, VF(,'H .111<.1V/I.(t).J\ Rew to Pcnsecols for six days of gunnery exercises. Sixteen

..
, .:»:
U

()f.Iker·

and

24 men,

under Lt. Cdr.

- .'-

•....."

Jack Kitchen, made the cruise, I'he first on", to be- conducted without my supervision by a station officer. Of the ttl men. 16 Were 'eaflM.n recruils who showed outstanding initilltiv(;' and ability in maintenance and armament. t\(.,\IN IN August (and another li5(",d year the VP's headed tor far vistas, Fifty-three officers and men of Vf/"-Ml.-r,s Lopped off their crnise- wlth an overnight hop to Bermuda. They reported same weather, same ocean, ..arne Bermuda. From I July to 1 November o(thj~ yeur, Olathe planes have flown 17.864 hours. ven oring the urtailrnent of flying in AtlglJst doe to the model meet, rhe pilots chalked up 7,5l6 hours.

,
Th

.~
Marine

I w, .4{'
... #

.. .".' '~tt,
'CHECKS OUT'

iA
"
..

The .station·s own (A unit, Canary. ha given mJlny as:.isl to planes converging on Kansas City. Canary bas talked down TWA :Uld Flying Tigel contract planes and aircraft of virtually all ai rl iues, 11u' fust satellite AVU(A) was established at Hut,c:hinson, Kansas. in January 1943 under the command of Lt. lv£. L. Detter. With 12& officers and 60 men, the unit began 1'0 '(ore
KAY

LT. CDR, JOHNSON

TEACHER

I\..

Air

Detachment

supplies

mallY Ii.rin.g squads and color guards for occasions on which the station repI esent the Navv,

Nl\ hd.viJlg
J.S

the Navy's only G A sdrool, wen as lhe only tower operator's

Ol.ATHE has th distinction

of

school, operate

Duuog uon ws overs tQ rounding
over

the summer of 1948 the sucalled upon for frequent fly. elehrate special events in .urcommunities. During July. the statlon wa de 'ignated co-ordinator lor 3. two-hour By.
at Bolivar, Missouri,

nical approximately Olathe

located on its premises. Both under the Chief of Air TechTraining, lind have " roster of

45Q officer's ahd men. R.eserve

Air

Squadrons
(1;.

C:Y'G·6,9-0i.l,. J. W. Hu"I.,y. co YI'·i'·A-Ll. J. ;0,1. l?"1'bcb. CO~ Lr, Mkk'll, g~e.·.

o~,·.

J,

VA-6'·A-T,t.
Kc~r("j YF-1D·A-Ll.
EJJ,itCt

<!,'. .I;>. 1:'<. WoP".
Gdr. J. C • .Morley, Bxec,

Ol

l.t.

H.

on the occasion of the dedicstien of the statue of imon Bolivar by President Truman and President Romulo Gallegos of

CO, I.t.

R. B. Lt. R.

a~'TUI~(In~

was considered advisable to move the unit to WichIt1l, Kansas, where it now opersres from Wichita Municipal Airport. Public support for the unit is Ollbitundin~ al Wichita. where an airminded populace has .given everything needed for smooth opec non, A VU (A) pilots flew 714 hours from 1 July to J November 19' 8_ A VU(A).2 was activl'l.ted in Oma· ha, Nebraska 00 25 July ) 948 under command of It. Cdr. S. H. Meek. The overnor of Nebraska and civic leaders look rart in the ceremonies. Since then Omaha pilots have I,Ued up 534 hours. Due in great measure to their interest and enthusiasm. a new Naval Air Reserve station is now being sci lip at Lincoln, Nebraska,

Right records irnmedlately as pilots cheeked out in type. In September, it

YA.10-A,-Lt.; Cdl·. D. W. II. ugan.. Exec .. C:YL.G·Ss-rA. VF-5S,L-l.!. CUr. 11. JI. Cill"

M"I·l;-~. CO:

Venezuela.
ot Reserve

Through

the cooperation

:a,W().c .. , ...

CO I.t, C.it.

starioos (It Dallas, St. Louis .IfIU Memphis, more than 100 planes

A.

a,

[I.,ntl". Ex,''''

H, H. Shime r, COl

were overheat! during the entire ceremonies,

VA·55·L-LIO.

I•. NeI'''n,

Typi al of the mercy flights undertaken by Olathe pilots was tile one made
in a PH'\' in epternber. Under the command of Cdr. M. Kauffman. training o tlicltl', tbe plane and crew joined in the search for fliers missing in northern Ul.HJa, known as Operatic» Afla~·,bei which fortunately ended in. locating the

CVLG·56-Lt. YF-56·L-LI. L. 'J.)~c:ri. g. n

Cdr. W. W. W,·~b~. oo. Exec. ('dr. J. S. Kli 0 h<l1l, cO Cdr. P. r, BQyct". CO: Lt,
f~x'~.

r.t.."M, ,It. It.

newspaper for Organized Reservists. Edited
t catch the ,general tone of the station and its surroundings, it is quoted freqUelltly by columnists in the Kl1tJs(IJ eily Sldl' and i~ bas been simihdy quoted by Arthur Godfrey OD hi d;tily broadcast. The best comment on station ac-

Olatlll! Air Scoop. the station

Au. TH £l.. are

, .F activities

and many more
recorded in the

regularly

VA-56-L-LL. Cur. So L. SIl ttQI1 , (,'0, Lt. Og) v«, B~ BQrfH~ J roo Exee, VP·ML·6S-Ll, Cd". Eo 1'. Go,,""" L. E. SYly<icr. r:X'ec,

CO,

u.

C,lI-.

VR-S3 Lt. .....
l{eUey.

os-,

R. 6. Dillin.

(I: Lt. Cll... H, CO. L[.

Ehrf."~.

downed

The 'tat-ion is frequently called oron to Fumi 11 funeral detail s for the dead.

men.

FASRolI·67-Lt. fl r, It. lil. J..l\u~llj, Odr, O. n. S:m.lth. ljl;;:"",

FASllo~·167-L.t. C.d C. .\. T,.IIitt. OOj ... rrll'. r, O. Westl,olt. E,,~".
V",F.21S-!'.tnj. l(. ~flydcl' C. W. "la,hot.....
B)"IH1.

Lt.
W.

0:

lIillj.

was one of the runners-up last rear for the Edwin I'rands Conway Trophy whkh is awarded annually to tbat station in the Reserve network which shows the mas!' efficient operations.

tivities, however, is the f"lljCt that Olathe

\

CAPTAIN KfENE, QLA.THE eo,

JUDGES FLOATS IN OlD $EnU:R'5 PARADE

lEAR ADM. WHITEHEAD CONGRAtULATES

\

S. J·OROAN ON SpnDY

MODEL

27

Restricted
I

:P

lL IJE kT

~10

PLAN

1-tE!S
.....
NO WONDeR

ANeD

NO
THE-

WQl'i!1?£R

HES

CONFUSED

/

PiLOT /
iii'

MOST

&XFEN:SlVE

NAVY:9

DlsPosrTION
A .Flightof

BOARD STEW
DIRECTIONS
For best results. don't cook this lip tm.liJ about an hour and a half before sunset, Fir<;t place the fud and the well aged chart in the aircraft, (Caution: Choose the chart carefully, A correct, up-to-date chart may cause the recipe to fail.) Then qwckly blend in pilot and parachute, bemg. careful to avoid any briefing, Place this .rnixture on app.roximate I;Ompass headin:g for destiasticn ;ll1d dlo.w it to s~mmer gently for 1 Yz to 2 hours, Wasb and drain the static and .!l:dJsmall sprigs of it ellt"ry few minutes, Pout in the ra ill , snow, or fog to taste, and stir In 11 generous portion of til rbulence. . W1wn the pilot is thorougNy done as ~nditilted by rosy CO,bilt, moisture on brow, and mpid breathing. prick gt'nt.iy with a fork and sprinkle in a pinch or two of panic. With a large SPOQIl skim off uny remaLnin.g fuel, and place the parachute rip cord in pilot's hand. ' The dis.h is[)ow featly to serve. AfLer stiuing for :J. second. or two with 11 brisk rotary motion. remove pilot and parachute (mm mixture. P:uUrip cord. If e!lrllrhute fu:ncti6ns. convene disposition bqatd and serve pilor on a warm platter, using thewell worn alibis as a gM)l.lsh. If p1l.1'ilcbute

F

Fanc;y With a Costly Ending

culany easy to p.repare dudns here's one
lorillutll

is a fine month for the Disposition Board Stew, a dish which is partiJU~RUMY

winter months, Ar~holl-gb the recipe varies with different reaks, to be very popular. Like other cul1l1:ny treats, this stew ean De ruined by too many ceoks, so don't let a good nerologist, a smut operarions officer, or ;< squadron safety officer n.clp out. They'll only foul up the

tHaI; seems

formula.

INGREDIENTS
r ~iimtf', high tler/al'iluJ7I.ce type 1 pilot (pjr/; ,I j'reJb, 10m o'n<') 3 bones 11M! b(wHng {ffptJ1'(jxi1liale (ml}) 1'2 oune« rommon sense (iliay be omitteJ) 1 1I'el/ agO'd ,harl 2 or 3 pinehill! oj p.""ic 10 blill.cbe.r Jtdli[ 1 parafhflte Foc, 1'diu ;tfJ()1t;',.dt1rkTleJi to taste if or J IlIe1l' W01?7 41jhis
1 poim 1 rOfllp"IU

of

dfp<lrJlIre

does not work, surt over a,s:ain with fteshingredients.

FAMOUS LAST WORDS
The Board has decided yOll lack the boons Required to fly our high-priced planes. Turn in your wings, your helmer, your boots, We wish you SUCfe;SS in civilian pursuits.

28

Restricted

arget

Carrier

for CV Use

TOW ~INE

nlNG

INSTALLED

ON CARlIlrR

BYI,JSE

Of

fWD

LOADING

JIGS

WHEN

INSl ALLeD

ON

PLANe,

r ARGH

IS HELD IN

POSITION

BY CABLES

been

P Aero

ROCUngMENT

of ~lpproximat~y 500 1 A banner target earners has in [tinted by the Bureau of Aero-

nautics, and it Is expected that these new lauue-flings devi{.cs wlll he [eady [or service Lise in rhe near future. In the past suitable equipmen has not been avail hie for air launchina a
The largets have moen "drag-launched" with the result of frcgl1en t damage to ~bt! banner. and loss of opcrationa.! effi-

banner target from carrier type pla;es.

(on. ists of a solenoid and an enclosed toll ~pcing winch through a mechanical linkage, retrad the latch pins and launch the target when the: airplane dectrical bomb release is- actuated. The target drag causes the tim: to pity out until the tsrget and Ihie aft fuUy streamed and being towed From the airplane to release fitting. Weight of tb e carrier empty is 60.'5 Ih. When loaded WIth 900' of 7/16" diameter
nylon line and un A6A banner LU',Sd

was Doted at sl ecds below with the Raps extended. 1 ads imposed by catapult arrested landing.

115 knots

The loaded carrier will withstand the lake-otIS and

ucces ful development o[ the complete 1;>,<itbstabilf2:H1g weight. the Aero l A. however, now will provide weight is 1 .. pounds. J carrier squadrons with :I mean of air Banner targd carriers h,1\'C bel.ci1 laul'lching a banner target after reachleaded successfully with A6Aand A10 ing tht: fi ring area, banner rargets and installed on the wins The carrier is II welded steel tubing bomb racks 01 the F(jI', F1"-.lN. FRF-(, framework with removable nose and F~!"l1l, r.m-ae, ·Ul2(,-S. and TJ3M·,~1l airrail rairirl_gs and side panels, having an craft and checked or grollnd and struccvcrull length of 72" and a diameter tural clearances. carrjer ran be loaded of 15", It will hold 900' of 7/16" and rl~~taLledby three experienced men diameter nylon line which is retain.cq DY in aprroximfl~d)' 25 minutes. foul' lengths of bungee cord fitted with Loaded Qr empty, the carrier hnJ no hlllYMd SMlps. not-1ce;tble dfect on the stabil1ty of any A length of _hydraulk hose is .Iit~ctl of the airplanes with the exception of over each bungee to absorb the wear the FSF-IB. When installed all lheJ,ort caused by the tow line when payin,!.! Wtng of this alrc.raft either loade or om. The towline is installed by uMng empty. considerable port .wing heaviness two load IIlg jigs ,(see pb(ltO;f tlbore)_ ci(,IJJCY. and hdJ In position on the under side of the carrier bv lwo suo pen 10n cables 6tteJ with sw.lged eye term in Is through which the tardl pins are inserted. cach suspension rsble pas5es through the thimble end of the bungee cord which retra ts the (llqle on release of the target. A Mk 7 Mod 1 leader ring is tied to the towin,g end of the tow line and attached to the airplane tow release, The tnrgel release mechanism BestrictciZ

The banner ta.:tgct carriers are expected tn be especially adaptable to jet lype lowing arrcrafr. 'The slow acceleratirm of jtL propelled air raft requires thnl a banner-type ta.rget be dragged apl,roximatt'ly '1,~Q0 Ieet before becom. ins airborne. This Jesuits 111 excessive WC,1,[ on the target and hastens unraveling in £Iip;hL Moreover, tbe drag load of it tilrget during take-off and climb increases fuel consumpt ion and limits (he towing time. bundling in Bight with the Aero 1A carrier should solve these prcblems,

Alameda

Gets

Variety

Job

<'<AS ALt\1>t~D...~With the recent hil'iag of 600 new employes, t.his station's O&R department now numbers 6,~72 men ;Inti women engaged in repairing, Jllodifyin' -nod

()verhauIing_
AmQog

1,(1)0

llne {In! n.. 5h"'1I1·1t.~ Sf.lrJ, pli.,wltlJtn. Buln!hc~e!. Slt~r,dJen Shl/l'tJf~n, Y.''}'lIwliJ, H"ry_m"'IJ .and
A"ecJ)linu)I .

tilt' plunes due f'~r the lIssenlbly Hellcats, arcats, Pati-Iherr, Ff(ri~.I,

planes.

The

btrget

b attached to the

h,.IW

line

'Beests' Hove Cockpit fumes
VR-,l, SAN DIEGo-Fronr of the subtleness or Cl rbon monoxide was demnnstrnted here receat!y, TwlO SWW ].1' flJl!:,!! "'ere _grounded and returned to 0&R test for n0ted di~nepaocics, One was returned for wingtip replacement, the other to be tested [@l tjJ]J~S in the ol:kpit. The discrepancies ;lcndelll.lIly were reversed, nnd tile plan.. sill-ted tt:lr wingtip replncement W"$ te.:;(.,,J [or cockpit
INSTALLATIONS WERE (;HECKEO FOR. CLEARANCE

fumes,

Carbon

monoxide was found

in

excessive quantities,

althnugh

unsuspected.

29

GUNS
A factoryv- pmcrically
FUll. EQiJJPPlill

OR NAVAL
of

PLANES

Iaborntosy and in the backyard -!IS dist.,1n({'s go-of the Bureau of Ordnance and the l3urE{IU of A ",toJ1IlUtics, proved a wartime godsend to the
developmenr

rion ordnance equipment. Alrho\lgh the U .. ', Naval lin 1'.1 tory at Wash· ingtoo, D. . is not ordinarily thought o( ;1$ pLlr~of the :(eton <lut ic:Jl org,ln izalion, it fncilitie:;. are m:Lking a tremendous rcnlribution to the job of putting the be t possible fightmg equipment on naval planes, The expansion of the run Factory's fudljLies ill eoanection with aviation ordnance was directed and authorized by BORn in 194~ because or many adv,l11tagcs. such 118 shops of all types available for expe"dmtnt,d work, engineering talent available, ptQxrmity to the Navy Department, the NavJI Proving Ground J,t Da,bLgrc:ll. and the air stations at 1\0<1(0511;1, Patuxent, and Chincokil1!uc _ A naval aviator w • assigned to the fadory lo assist il1 establisbing the organ ization nlXessl!J'y ttl expedite the design, development. fabricating and resring of aircraft rdnanc equipment. This progr<}n1 was cons klered urgelltand till is-because of 111e rapid development not only of the equipment itself but also of the ilircraft in ""llidt it is used. The need to complete new development and have them ready in lime to mardi airplane: development and production was paramount. Further consolidation of the- aircraft armament fadJides W!lS effected by the compte ion ill November 1944 of ,L four-story building, having a Boor spaL'e of 80,000 sCjllare feet, to house the

:mtl produ rion

avia-

l(.CHNICIANS

A r THE NAVAl.

GUN fACTORY

CHSC:I{ ROCKET ,1'> •

MOTORS

WITH A MAlAL1GNMENT

GAG£

organization. At the prc'clll ,time- the Na al Gun F ctory is organized and equipped to conduct applied research, and to design. develop, manufacture ment used by the air arm of the

,UO{)

c cles per minute and at an amplitude

pound

at n frequency

f

3,OOQ

or

.mc! test all typc"s of ordnance equipHE R~ EARCH

will delrver deceleration

An imparl machine is in ralled which

.12') inches.

.tv}'_

impact

and testing laboratories have II total 80Qr area of approximately 20,000 square feet. These
lahoratories contain many aried instrurnenrs and machines for research studies and test 0[1 all types of clectrical, rnechan i a] and hydraul it ordnauce

T

units

forces due to equivalent to 1.000 gravitati.onal on specimens which w~jgh up to

~ hkh are used in combat irc .f.aft. This equipmentIncludes maoy lype" of electrical meters and bridges, recording esciilographs, rarhode n.l) os 'ill 0graphs, starlc and dynamic strain gage
!1

equipment

"I0() pounds, This madune simulates rhe type of shock which is eucounrercd in ai rcraft under crash landing condl ricns or when struck by Sl1laU caliber prOje(1 iles or ·antiaj fcraJt hell (ruI:" menrs. Portable instrurnen tare available wbich permit engineers to " nduct strain gage tests on bomb racks, fully loaded during actual fI_ig.ht rnuncuvers. 'I'he machine Shop facilities, comprising approximately 20,000 sqU.Lft: feet of the first and second Boors of

elju iprnent, electronic test instruments. lnansient recorders, 200,OOO-pound tellsi ou-cempressi on. marh in e, aC{'derated weathering equi pment, temperate re-

ItIDE ON WHEEL GIVES FORrY 'G' ACCELERATION

huruidity-pressure-varuum chamber, 40 "Go. acreleration wheel, ele LIi dynumometers .ind liyduulic. pneumatic and llyd rostaric testing machine», !n additionto th is more or less stalldard equipment, maoy .spccial machines and devices 111'('; svailable for tests and experiment in order to imulate naval aircraft in acrien under combat rondi· tions. Typical or this speculiaed equipment is a stratcsphere chamber with }\. temperature r;lnge of from -90" F to +160° P, .a vacuum of 28 inches of merCU1Y and controlled humidity hom 20 % to lOO7f,. Vibration machines also hil.\fe been installed wbil;;h will vibrare objects weighing lip to as much

IMPACT

MACHINE sIMULATES

SHOCI(' OF CRASH ReaM'ieted

30

the aircraft armament buiklmg, Jrl;; mainly used (OI manufacture of experlmenlal and prototype units, Large scale manufacture of aircraft a r m am e n t equipment is handled by the produdion shops of the aval -un Factory. A comprehensive research pro,l;L1m to im"e$rl~;,l(' the characteristics of the exhUll. t bla:;t from rockets is now underway ,l[ this activity. A mobile Iabora-

NAVY HONIORS

EROES

NAVY

fIGHTE~S

eSCORT

TSM

BEARING

ASHES

OF

TWO

.HEROfS

FOIt

BURIAL

Off

COA5T

01'

HIAWAII

EQUIPMENT INClUDES

AN Slut pilot .1I d lus aircrewman, fil'l:'tt"ran[j of 38 combat missions totocy, indl1ding special electronic recordgethcr before their capture .lod execu.ing ,lod arllilyzio).! equipment, has beet) troll hy the Japanese_ were gl\'cm a mlliQllllluIHcturcJ for this project. L.lr>' funeral and their d hI'S strewn toTile development of electron I e~!I,Li['- l:!eihef over the P llific otT Diamond ment .lL this til ti ity iod"d not ollll' Head, Hawaii. till: instrurnentatica Ior the: rocket bl.\_~l Lt, (j,l!) Harwood S. harp Jnd pro)t'l"t. bur also the requircmcrns {or J.Lmes R: L~nglot:t-i_ AR1-I!. were shot fire COI'IITol cornputers ,.lOJ ,tpplied re- .10'l'<n off Formosa in 191<1. Aftt;r;s eMdl In .¥tdlcr.t1. A ~lllddcd room hOI' ycar in Jll.p rri~on cumps. they were been I;: nstructed and eq ..ripped for de~. (::(,uted. An American ((raves com\dIJP"'~l1t. eh ·eking 'ind (11111ation of Illi sion ()uny their ~I..'>he$ in urns in r hi,v;Jt gain ele.Ironic UrCUIt:i in three 'baflgh~i and returned them to Hawaii ·rc<:Juen,·) regions: namely. uudio to fo r rcbu rial. supersonir. nerrna! R. F. 1Uild 1IltrfL-high Rdrttl ves 0 f the two men stared til at (reljllclH ies. they wished their ashes to be strewn
A STRATOSPHERE CHAMBER

fought.. AS

Services

or

the

men were to

<lmoDI" the largest given war dead being witnessed h} GoO men and officers of

hundreds of Army officers and men,
vu.rbo.ird the

BAR:BUI('" PorN'!',

111addition

• harp MId LlIn.giolli wen- .urached to

reruly are bemg deSigned unci de· velopcd .ire vn ricd, ranging from cornpn:hl111sivc development pro,r:!ra1Tl5 on ,\rete J l fOL ket lauuchers and on .t.L1cal i· i hers of arrrraft machine guns to the desi,l.!11 'Li.raaft rce control computers. 0 Other task thal have been ur 1'(' !lOW IlSSigJ1l..'d, [0 mention only a few. include .";rnatl pen copes and bOlllbsight~. hlHldlinjl equipment for all forms of airborne ordnan ,e, sio II: lind douhle.\ ling hydraulic and pm.:wnati( gun char,g,ers, and test equipment required fur st;uld,u'd iZlllioIl of lest on airc:rllLI
mach inc

T

over

the

Poltib(

to,gdhf!f.

;1"

[11<:) had

Iht·y were hit by cnerrry antiaircraft fire ofr Formosa. Both had been saved preViously in the f arnous ,. M ission A [tel Darkness" Mt~r crash-landing their plane near the U . Heel-. he had bt:CJ1 rkkeJ up the I ext dOl}' • fter 11 It urs in the warcr, The Aveng'l1' carried the ashes I)f the two men seaward lor burial in Hawaii escorted by a Right of two F7F's, four F6F", two FRF'S and another TBM.

11!J/Jkt:1'Hill

at the time

'-II- 'IYI'E~ of ~qulpn'l~nt which

cur-

8u 115.

The- Naval Guo Factory, by provrdIng this concentration of bighly-deveJoped equipment, engineering knowhow and te _bolml skill-all within do~·t' range of the: ("(tntral organ izatinn«
of BuOn» and BuAIl'It, has proved

.II,
aUG~U
alO .....S

invaluable
RestrtctfJ(1

up·porr

to naval

uvi.uion.

rAPS A5

AStlES

OF SltARP AND

LAN~IOm

ARE HONORE!! AT HAS BAUER'S

1'0lNT

31

BestrioietZ

Self

Starter

For

Jets

Portable
chutes in the

Loft

for Chutes
,er,,]\f' squadron
fOf drying para-

5M ", 1 2, Ei, TORQ-31hi:; has developed equipment

field -sIn,".: nune i-s available In allowance lists. SM -33 ~rst L1~\ loped such" e "loll" and ~M~·12 c(!pi!.:u +ltld irnproved M it, Features desHcil, 111 addilLon to s"tirla,wry drying of chutes, were: ligll tness In weight, ease to assemble ,mti dismantle, and <:mall bulk;
when iliSI1l3 ntle.l, A base WIIS nwllt' of two ,l"l(L!" boards, I:!' long, To the e W!:l.'t" £usteJled ~. ur 1111 e l"llie.. The lar-lle was 01 duol)1e.rnoty

F!RST 1;lI.L{t's,ful self-starter for jet and turboprop aircraft engines has bern developed by AiRese:trcb Mll.nui.aCluring Co" HE

T

lo.

Angeles, under contmct ",Ith BtJAE~.

'the new self-starter system an eliminate the necessity d curnl ersome . tur.,~e barteries or hlt3\'y "1l1>il1al)' power jellp. such 35 are now used to start jets .it air StJtiQIl5 or on carrier decks. lt uses ~ new I)' developed small sa> turbine weighing 88 pounds as iM main compenent. HigMy-c'(ur.pressed air

provide more power for weight Mid sh~c than heretofore realized from other power plants, rhey are tli e hrst "radial inward fil)\'" power turbines re be developed, d( ording t() AIRe.s.earch engrneers. Radial mward flo\ rurbines have been uti 112(-.:1 the past '''lt11 in Wolter and steam, bur never be-Iote has developrnenr ot ail or gas type been SUGCeSsfLlI. As !>ppo&cd !n ax.ikl flow principle, radial jnw~.rd Ilow provides an "accelerated" air

(1)nttol cables. Aluminum pulleys were welded to the peak and the entire loft ell', ered with wnterprnof C:HWIl&. The b~se c:J 11 be used to torm 11 box L1'4"JCi!'4"x2' ·whkh w ill hold all tile rnntf',i·~1s necessary Ie> assemble the loft, Enthe weight J ~ 1POI] Ibs. It mk~$ about I~ man-hours to assemble or dismantle the loft:

lubing_. held rigid with cross bracing of lK!\~

Pilots

Use

Hand

Language

VMF-3_3. F.L Tow-Having wouble witl: t~Ikati"11 rillils over tho radio ' Then tClltl what this ]I,f~1me squadron Is doing to .. hop
the chatter."

The Si'~,ern will enable 1.1$1" of jet at bases 1,,1hi.ch are nor equipped with heavler starting unirs. It requires ':ml~' a lIlI'6('-

i~bled from (his tlil'bin<:: t,J tlp!e,nllc n higl1. spet!d 31-r turbine starlet unit, which is attached I.lJre.:tiy to the let or tUl'hQPrup engine,

through the l urbine, TJ11s 't'J rrninates some of tile losses f nherent in the :a:<ia I flow des'g'1, urtd resu Its ilJJ "cl')' high turbine dfici~nql.
f\QW

In preflight hriding, the squadron (om, rna ruler ordered all pilots Mt to lise the rudio except in GIS(' of real emcrgenLY All plane-tc-plane (0 111munirauons, cxn:pL the commander's orders to the entirc Il ight, were
to ht "lade t" use that "mike," It was It rleusul1! experlence tn without listenin ~ to ,l lot "f hLbbling Clll the radiu. It was surpnsing to all pll It!> h w easy il becarne with practice to pass in ormarion imm pian(; 10 plano: with band s ignals l101 i,

Alrhougb

by
j

use

t

was dJ:tliClr!t f@r all pilots not

oi

hand

Signnk

~

fl,·

quarter horsepower

rnntor and one storage

Crane Speeds Plane Loading
NAS Au M"EDA-Th is statitlO

bauer fox Its own ehgi:nr which powers

used far Glbin pressurization and air conditiooing. for 1I"1J.ting and Je'ldng. Mid to
opeiil te otner pcwer-consum fng devices, Two versions of the turbine have been de"dtJped by A1Resedrcb, both :repre~e:QLirlJl P SllJj5bUltio II decrease in weisht and size OVN cxi~tio,g airu:1fr auxiliary power units, High rred.slnn HJrbil1l' whfj!l.~ spil1ning 3t <lo.unu rpm, together with cornbcstion ternpe~ntllre~ IH~J1 t e

starting, The turbine the starter also can be

than

lGOll

<legit;
of

11,make

pns$ible

their

hi.gh

ratio

power

IOf

by hu.i£tiRg 9Z aircraft abourd II carrier In nne J Il1IU and 4r) minutes, The' carrier had, to make the tide in two hours and the pi anes were lined lip nn the I"ICr., wpiting to be pla(ed ~h$d; by the crane, wi th ~IjPBS belred. [0 fuselages. 1111: station's oOO.OOO'puu.rld Cdlby'P(oi'rrI ,t:lIJt J ifted I he sing le-engine and mu lti-eaglne planes aboard the fli~hl deck. This. Slime- crane Ol'lCl' Ijfted two planes in one
minute. Anlltber timet, when pulling 1\. eab house out of another large crane, the Colby inadvertently pulled tbe ennre crane liP III lhl: air bt;oca U/iC the ctb house was not Ioese from lhc main CUasSlS. Total load w~s 100 tons, ur .( thi rd of the crane' ~ own ,'¥I;;ight. ThE crane runs fin r 6 benvy duty flliLmad wheels, hal! a ~o' beam nne! is. propelled bi' " 3111) -lip diesel eng£ne which has flOl been mmwed 'linCt' installalion four yt"Urs ago,

estahlished what is believed

tv be a record

recently

Dua!

Tonks

Clean

Aircraft

VMP- 12. P.... frl -Bngineering C department broke into the {ICWS with a "Rube Goldberg" COUlrap110n for cleaning grease and dirt f.roma.irnatt.
Thls machine o::onsiiitJ; of tWo lS0·lb. pressure tanks, one stable wjth a small el ectric

motor attached, and one mobile, Tbe high pressure
Ii ne,

100-

bile' tank is mounted on a small dollv and attached to the stationary tank by :l' 20·(t. Both- tanks 1111e a safety .herk valve t1.1 control the pressure, whf h is maicralned
at approxirnntely 7j lbs. The I'nobiJt tank i~&Jled with One part g·l.lnk to five parts

w~igbt and size,
Til ss-round versi n produce 6, equivalent air horsepower at ~c~ level, The other version, 11 f;haft power unit, weighs ~;I) pounds and ~1t;\'doJl& &5 bp at sea level With reductron gearing, beth (tin be used

kerosene by volume.
streak
,IS.

As the- guru. wrll dis:t

to drive all dectckal equipment and other a~Cl$S;;' es, ri 1[1""[Villl): 11 hi rhine principle destined tn

solve and long, ][

most p:un[$ if left 011 IfIO recommended that 15 to 10

rt1inJ,)r~s he considered

lea"!: the rolxt\.JT~on fhe phln€ bdore wiping, llestricted

maximum

lime

to

32

Method

for Edging

Plastic
and
I rnp

Reroved method r"'r edt;ing sheet phenol ;tnd vinyl resins, and jJ1 etliy I metha I.-y Iate lind ce IIuI",,~e rom po unds,
NAS A1. ...Jl.nll)A-Th'" Overhaul p,a~ depilrt rnent h as <lev j 'j~d jill r ThC' use of Jointers ro. edg;ng and .abbil·

AUTO PILOT CAN LA.ND AIRCRAFT
any condition of loading, trim. normal attitude or flfr roughlJcss. It om £Iy the p.iant: auromatically alon,!! a ,!Zuidance reference such 115 the U.S beam to a rnmplete touchdown on the runway. The iustnlbtion nOW weighs about 1.. 0 pounds, but developers hope to reduct' this to 6; or 70 round.> to make it mo~c- feasible to!" fig hters an d other
(';uri!"1' pl'il.fles,

It l_~ Ii stcll-proof system, capubll: of HY1fl8the plane automatically in poor visipiUty, o.t higll or low airspeeds, in

ing pl~stlc sheets resulted in chipping ~od cr~-rhd edges, This problem Wil5, overcome by SU~"tilllt'ng '" 1"['''11 l1tavy dllty h'Sh~?l'C.'j;J ",illl,flg curter ror tile thrce-blsde
with the jQillt.e.r required is a milling rut(~r n! tbe S'.lll)" tii.tnle(er and f~~(" dirl'U:ll1sifln~ as tIl" original three-blade .~pind le, plus am J!.daptlnl!; mandrel which will fit tht- exi.lillg be:wings "f tJi<: ]tlillkr tim] milling CUller, 'f11t' jOJllter rcqulres nl,) otl"",- Illod,; ~,<;~lioll, A~ " resul; <of tb i'i~!T"'[ it u tjon,e.iges Me q(j unl ttl ill ,,~... th at have bc:e n ,Ii Jed, snnd ed, scrni-pn lt~iJ~J, "nJ require nr> r uuher I rea tll'1l'n filr J:t'n1ellting I !).rId/". .!ill-'lihillg, the l.L,e of Ihls rnethod effccrs as'd"mg of sp' ndl e furnished

The

('qruPlmlnt

,,,,,l!

AUTO PIlOT

ADD.!; I~O ll1S, 10

PLAN,E

WEIGHT

~pp[UXln111Idy one-hall the time ,>[I ead1 Jrrid.,. ll:ll'ldleJ, "-\'Id elim i nates de mage an..!
'Wnst~. Thur~ is ~l~" uddtd sn rell' tn tbi_. m(!thoti $,ncc lb~ millillg curter f'f",d uces a s-I;cltlg_

ion, w hereas ,he 11.ree-bl il,l... sprnd le has dU[l)Jill,e ~HI that ("IDJ~e~work to \,Jbflt(t", flt~tler, .mll r requently kick back. thus eadn "gl;'ring the upera tor.
lid
(I

... 1JnAc.r CQ("",,,,!I-JorotE:rs are rec",n. mCl1dcd f<1l' Iasr 'pmJuctJon of :ttraiglrtedges '<;I'_n pta~d(" ahe(>ts, but, ,'" poiftte\d (lUI, requi <,e the use of a mu Iti_edge "mrin gtoo] 10 prevent <rhlpping. Tin, wl:.tionship olf

eUlti~g :!!peed und. rutting. tccls is di$CUS5Ed III AN.o1.LA-12 Section TV.

held public demenstra.rions recently of an automatic pilot which !My possibly- be used. some d,ay 1'0 bering rawer planes 10 to touchdown on the dock without reguiring a piJOl or LSO. The auto pilot was itl~1alled in ~II1. R411 as part. of the Navy's all-weerhee flying prQgram, Developed by Minceapolis-Honeywell under contrac_[ with l3u AE'], initial research on angle of J:ttl!(k ronerol for th€ proJact was d~ne by Special Devices Center of the Qflltc or Naval 'Research.
HE NAW

T

In the public demonstration d tilt system. tnt 11,111 flew down the lLgl ide p';Lth to a touchdown w itho~lt the r ilors dnu\g u,uything hLlt:,it and w(I((11, Throttles and other controls adjusted therdsel ves, BelllP: -sen~itivt" to an .l,H· plane's aoglf of -attilck: which determines it's 5rJ.U point, this auto pilot previdesvirtually fool-proof st;.d[ characrenstics, regardless of whether the plane ~s,in a turn, d imb. g.Jidt Of level flight. Possibilities of such .1 system of landing appmacb for brin.¥ing in pl:u1l's aboard ;lGUr rier at 11i,ght or in a rCog can be envisioned. Pilot of bhe demonstration plan!! wa:, Cdr. E, V. S.lll:J1UJ', with. LL (jg) It Knoeckel at ro-

pilot.

c.

Lighf

Shows

Wheels

Down

squndron has developed 0 good 5)'Stem to prevent wheelslip InlldingS~'1 rti.gbt, IIl"llol\'1n8 mien! switch, e, on both lan~ir;8 -g\"illS of tho: Cor,r.lir linked. «) the C>l'tCl'ior approach, l:ights 1;111£1.

V!;fF-4~1r 131. To'iw'-Tbis

rIle charrheard
The chartboard

light in tht c,\apil.
H$ht
WIlS

or it;11l a 1 po sitl on lrlTa i)1~t"IIed 0 n the rig In "f tITe bydr" ulic pressure gnge- Mil fO(JJse,l thereon. 11 is connected (n the "rproa'th
Ilght
105 NoM HOWITUR 'GOES tiP ItAMP INTO AN RSD SWitdl
it

moved

{rnrn jt.~

and

:1 utornati

rul I}'

the sage 'Yht:n dw gear is down and locked.
(part -#C!HQ7n) WIIS riveted to a Irsrne -!lilja,ent Vl <;hllft V5·!tl~M of the rna in Inudlll_g ge,lf. An ad. iustahle lever W""~ bsteo<ld to the sE,a1t "-nd set to ~on!a'! thtl' mitrO' S'witth on Iy \\')1'<'1"1
rnic;rO-S'Il.'ltdl

i1J IJ rninares

CHARTeOARD

LIGHT

I.UUM1NA1ES

THE

C.AOE

Seeondly,

Ramp

Handles ,R5D Loading

VMR·~,52, PACIF1G-A I1CW loading ramp f»f R:5J)'shas been tested, andu.sed hy this squadron art.::r being designed by CWO C. W. Ridl3J'd~;-.n., squadron -lI'~'ist1tn.tengill~:er· ing- u:ffic~r'I and made 111the rnetal ~bop-. It if IConSIrUCtc,g 01 X~I~Q or NE3hJQ chromemuly mbjng of .!)6~ ~ wnll Ihickne'ls. Joint, Me either d!;:.:trk:d!y·wdded w;ing plane~ te mllde llf 1,4" five-'[ll}' l,igb d&lli.ity plywllOO paio!~d with walk·war brusl. 1)0 paint f<ilI' bcr~er IT' . ctirm. . Rll,!lIV.iy~

the Sell! -is fully down and locked -and rbe chartbl,a.ro !Jg1it (In. All ""Iring is eonot'ited to the IIp}'ro~dl

weld

#2

-rIJd, or

arC' acetylcnl; - weUlcd.

Ra!l1p~ ~r(t :1:4' .Iong. 14" wide ~Ild 9" deer_ WeIght of a ~et of ramp5 has been kepi under 600 1bs. 'fe~tS shl)w~-d tJ,."y wiU

When op=ring on [and, the ~'il'itch gu~rd is removed and the SWild:h left in "on" F",~iriol1 -for all operntlon, When ",bon..:! s co, nier. Ih", gIJ3rd is rep Iaced_ ~1l11(hll' llprf<lu~h lighl hm(l'ibru; b.y normal <Tp~"rnti<ln t, f th~ t~j 1 h(ll')k. Bdo[t it d.I.'Velllpoo 1hi5 SY5lcm, the ~qlJlI.drlJn triec.l s~y... l ('tJl~t ide;:lS which m
pro\oed ltnwoI.kablc.

cockpit,

IJght

!lwltdl

in (be

One wa~ to ha~c fa man fry 10 s.et" if _th.: pl:me's ;'C('[lrrHllN!~I~ My "<'hide Ihul will go wllo;{;]s wert dnwn !IS il <alfle into the 11Ill~,tl].rvllg-" the dl ,ur of an l!.ill. Om 11 r~cent illg (It~Je. IiJ$ wh;i\e light oft~tlbJinded GUl\I1\ IIigh!, Cnpt. R. ""_ Ho1fmi(1l ~I.IC· Ihe pi 1m. SUl"flcrirtl('!i ht hnd, to ru(] aII ce~$fuliy i(lHded "- M,u:inc IO~ mrn. huwiher (1'I'~r tllt' lidd 10 gel dQ~e- tep'JI1Sh to dired: w(l"ighinS ~.IIO[1 11->;., he~viesl (or ~ny r~mp. !lis sellrchltt:ht 0[1 Ihi! plufl ... a~ It CIl!lll' in.

with

3 flashlight

AlltJlhe. idea W:'IS W have the pn"ts call Hl~ ronltQi tower lind repon whether l~.ey bad IUWEred the'r wheels. Planes fJ,iJi!l,g (,) call were Ivtt~e8 (Iff. aut a(("iJcnt,~ 5lill (n"t,olled In happen, A 81m,. r CQm!1'f1l1-Tb.i5 dm['g;: is ,,_... ~n~~al1r one mal .conforms to I~to!..<i( policy. It i~ presently be:ing in_€.ocporated in new production 'li ..CTnr1. The BuAer :'l}'liten\incorporates'" Ib~he'" "'lit to provide thE IolInW irr.g ap p)'O'!lo;h ligh.~ in dic;;arion: Light 00: me.mS wh-eeh up and hool<: up or down; light fiasJnllg mearni wheCk down ~.n,d hook IlP; lighl: "n !!lead)' tne;"lns wheds .and hook bodl dQwn. For ~tacndrud:iz.'l.ti!ln. it is. ;n~e:nded reeroaCt;vely to lit thi" system to most ca rri"r t}'pe alr.:rnFI as soon as /I"rller units :]J'C allnibhh:;. The BuAer ~yS{<'.lIl ab above

planned isconsid.e~ed

morc dcsirobl~ thnn

~"()"e

tbe syS!">ml described by V1V!F-452 because no d-,an,ge is required b-etll'e_(!n ~hlp and operatio'o -ss'liiJ:,g time and n:,oney.

33

Ins~rument
"h"r ,)/ rb,~
!),['1--' lit

Shop
AI AM_rIM ~
J~

Effective
"1' h'
The
,i nstrutnenr
!"IIlJIt:

f ASII!)N-~,

1"\~r!1n

~l;'t

JII

inslrl-lllil'J1(-S p<:t;U IIJt l" th.:: uirrrin r IIJt~,-~1II b"M,[ dnd currently 1,6ng ~u r p"rtl'J fw the IIm!_ 1 he ~btlp 15 d,,~j_d\'d into !\\''''

!lit .dr~·~.dy m'l:tla),:~d f( ,~J\I~I ,~'>[em Y TIT ~."j.:;1 m rnnking ,I tnll'!iL ~\\ldr to hgu re out solutrons, I'~IJ··J_'I ..ent up lbr~", r,r,,,I,, .pl.iuus r"li,ke l1il1!'11i1'l1 pi,cures ,Ij ~~\' rrtacl Inltr-sc~.-tllm~'und ,..e01I) g;ltcs on ~

Use Jeep
MeA:.,

for Radar

Work

o:dll~d 1I1~ '01wring r u <11 IWUJ"_ hln ""' :It~~ <,l1i[., It uJ 'tel the pi L· . I U r05 In li~IJ i mili~ blll,-k, ",nJ the (I'p"Cl r) "f Ihe II III (L-. It L1le ~I[ lit, w :d~, I w, r" I'll" ,rt!L·d by 11l'e 11f 'l'6(;l,dlj'.nmrh-J H-hi,!t~ !1tlT[>(l,wl)' interspersed in the tra tfic a r hy pornts on J IIred ti'e rln.i ned t inn, ..c hedl II 1'.
F"'( ~J;;C Unit

The-

flU

EL lORo--A -!<llLUI~g<; tot tl'N A' Il:n" m,iin'len~mt ieeps, f.lr radJ( ri'min· renauce, I Ma tin <:-~- p f v M I' ( I'<. ) •• w. tf! ~ eJ uruque ~{)Iuth'n. 1'111: ~qUJJrol1'S rudio-radar (!li:hnl<!llm~ (.-rlls{ru,t&l IIpurt ..ble 1\.{.

Test

Stand

Aids

Checking

r:.A-..~ At..,IMIUIJ\-TrJ f"dllt~.te ,.ileckiils of . t-he "gun .um e1rC11it and il> e<Jmpllnent~ ip AljS,6 .m..JM' .·quipnltm •• 1 t~t stand was designed and -c()llstrult(!Q bv th<: O&1l depJr!.rl1tnl.

Operatinn
CHIEF ROUX'WITH VACUUM, PItESSUILEBUtCH,

III

tiJ~ antennu

U!

;,riJ I "it

i...
PlAN\I'tEW OF EtEClIIlC CUilJlEf'jl CONVERTER

nl;(jn parts, vacuum and pfcs-.url.l. trnnic MId <'i<!drk'lll. !-Il,,, ins pwprr eest o;'<]Uit:>J:III.'D!
id·UpS

"nd
In<J

~'Iel.-

b.;·udl

p:u""t'r unu rbar can he ,,~ In {liOlUIlUllJn with ,I r,;,gular llfr~ ..B"' Il'CI'-(lt ,In!, ,}tlilll
suitable
Till'

been the reason for the .mlll! amount turning in und drawing or instrurnents by this, cummand, There Ilr,-11 IX'f\ch set-ups fvr tl;'stjng v~r1UU~ ~Il~trmnl:n~~, ,tnc[ rlll art' lIvllil.ahJe ill the squadrons tor test I'Utpuses und t9t truiniJ:)S .,_( pl"-51'nn~1. E",h

or

has

p"W.,r
unit

''''If,I:.

~ lyp~ ~OJ·J) IlH'h'f ~l'rl"nttm urul Kd I,)g UII1JrU5i.'r h(l)< with storter ~wit.t[!. These are m(IIOl1wJ tLJfWlh~r j,S 1l11lJt ut

with inpm
mai nrenance

ani! output

lines.

W~\en The meu
,IvCl!ltlhle

t'~J;I_[

!!Csl

p<!si(ion is mounted
to provide

ruuvahle panel fur 'tlrvidnil.

on " ~<;I'"nu" recum en ient J,:.:"""

able uni L rule! (Ufll1wc:d [<I the have iI_ll()-<yde A.C.
rads r
III

jeeps nre nVI avai luble, th._, [!<Itrh PUI I fl the rear ilf J. .' If' I~CP
"111[,111, 1l-1~1l

p"W(' I'

ft1,

aintc

l1UJ1CC.

ALAMEDA

08iR STANO CHECKS RA.DAA EQUIPMENT
,I

ELECTRICAl

AND,

elECTRONIC

8ENCH,

FA5IiONB-

The

shop 'W:lS deslgned

.and builr

m~lI1ty

hi' L, E RUlll>, /lfic:.., \I'h" has several invcnl i",m ill hb ~·rC<.ilt. AI1l<1ng theK'- b ;I p.; I~UX.!lH re (omp"ss I'ort~h!>: rester. \\'lb~n ['ut- wt<' the- circuit, thls tcsror will check \'nlt~ge~ .md resistances nt tbe enure-circuu within the plane, indudll\!l: plug. lind .~bk·!i
which are ill!;" gl-eni~t suuree oJ trnllbl", "'1,1(. sido [I{ [j,e nnun rumpnnents of the p.~ Ilu"gilt~ ,-"fOjl.iSS. U j~ merd)' ,I pltrt IIb h.' ,I f'f' I1tatitlll Clf til;t benrh test un n shown in th~ pl,owgruph 01' the shop ",It'rtmmc-

;1" hki1 r> il1,w lied IIft(lY tilt unit i~ rnnnnted on the test stand Siruultanooux \'",nrl;tJ~nd IWrlzi'mul .1I:ll usrmcats can be made I:W turtlIng hl1 nd screw). The vert ic...l adius! ';;:<"fCW rnuunted .1[1 the front 01'erares the rwr. hlp ph\te..,," whICh .l.I:C i1in.gecl loge! Itn lH th< rear The horizoncal "dIU"t ~Ht!w mounted on the Side totstes the land
MOLlnJ a

obwin'l'd bv
IWflt

d~Hld1iJ"kllu(>IJ IlI'IU rubber

{";,n ~b.'~fl Of! th .. base 1"1~'lr

Morin,e Pi-ghtf"!l8 SquadroJ/ ,4)-.2, wbil~ rl,tfrior·b,;r"cI tmJ ()p~J"l'lllng luh()f~, jmll!d tbe IlIIi I N ~qt o;irpl!W" NIl I ;111 It . >11111b 11' " [}111·~ ,f or 1II;lIq fiJil wi,ul cimnso!.).! liJ;,bl .I/deh. wck W4J m«dv tlJilJg Q. lI'ipod bme !/I1~b fret' cents« IHUI (lrillMed hJ .1 "/11,,11 h)ir,llfi,lir fad. !Pmgbt of Ibf! WIlIP!IJ/iJ "j'Jl/fIIM, wou u tl1!, pilI-< ,i,d. ,wd sutnd

benclt, Apprn:-:imatcJj' 7~ percern ,\i t he murenn! used )'/1 (onstr-urtJ.n-g- the sltop "'as "lh<l1geJ

N,l"~ needs or beyond economical repmr. The ~hl.lp was consrructed over .1 pur-irl4 ur
"bout live 1'Ql;tI\lbs,((ll'l<:prr('(ltl~' wit~ (.lfIying
out routine work.

fl'~111' Cln~, 26~ rnjl:~erIi1I'Jednrad_ -,ur[lllL~

1<)

Photos

Lick Traffic

Worry
Man,y slatio.ns
1(1',(!111cap! bUlle

VMP·l5'4, F.L TOIIO'--------&orncrhUlg flew in photo,!1,raphjc missions has been reported by this M:uin~ .~qli.~dr-oJ1-tr"llir ~U'n'Er'l The :rlmse.~tilln at ilw main g~t~' of the station. gets bad around q"Ulft.ln_g tune, bemll!:!C (If reo ptmlng
(I

I,,;:.ke <lJb
m"led
W(t

lray.!'
frolll-

Hund.teds

of

r

pri""t~(<trS

LI~!' Q&lt ~ f'li here_ no w~·r,t! :{ddedtp

NAS

/leW

expoJtl1"1! 10 ul'l!alher during storage. At NrJW o rlul1J , dire/aft mdmtetUlIIC~ departmelTI rect'aims them by HJldel'ing 1'4/'J ON ,!Jew flJ1f!Jedi<lfl:l" hefore lUll. TIN: nllw (atls ((.l1'ie tram Ihe gl,lley.

(m/ of ZOO-lb. water-fiJtable

pro/(mged

bum/; cases

IIftn Iheir

34

Bes"tri'ctftl

Rcs.ll"iult!(t

FL.YI G
MA
In I

,._\';,

IM~developed

PAOIlIc-Tlm command a new tt'chni:LJur for use
exerci~'ies---placing

cc IDEA WORKS
U~1:d l(l Jay smoke screens we're found to be IJIIMUisfad(Jty in that the smoke curtain 'produced W,IS too thin IU be effective even '" hen l... d Iit mi nimurn pra cti cao It a7 r511 eed i
( t 2(1 knl)!:> ) This eond ,tio n was f urt her [Igf;rav(.tl-"O by ~'II ·average lO·knot wind HI the t~rse( area.

lose air ~uppon

the tactical rut ~djtector overhead in an rw.l IOstmtd of behind the lines somewhere or offshore in a sbip. This "Flymg CI .. idea IS u~",J in connection with regLllaciy scheduled CAS exercises simultl.tinl! ,) full daiS mcneal arr surpatt of an JJli.pfubious epcrarlon. In :l((QrdaJl(1: with l:U!J"{'IU • llIl l rtue, the exerc lS,I.'-'was d irected by m",UH of f~di(jll air coordinators and .1 I liL<lI ,II': <lj_t direction (tJl'ltr;:r in the J<;rQ1.lpcommand post. In view till: relative HHlccessibLlity of the tMgt·!; IlTl'!1 10 ~m{.\(:f,:: Ifalhl'ortation. TAD went up II! J1! R~D with ample radio fiWd ines, I II: mi!:intained station over the L\r~et

), It. IS tdJ that dennlte pl,~_dbllj_dl'~ ClWt l'tJ r II II its cone efn!)d t P IIlCrr:a,_t:. the ~ff1'1'1'i ve
employment 01 VF,typ~ aircraft til pre-dawn ~trik~ when used with cJ~!;tr<Jl1l~a.lJy!:q illpped pa til fin, !er!! Iik e tn 1"5. 11n tI u.n.clu C-'H"lditWIls, tl! moonllglu Or l1"r~ ,1'11l111lrl!ltiOI1 •

BOOKS
~~4l(ql .. r·1~tlNlrll'Uj~ c.r>Jlt.· ... rl_el'" nn.. .~letodlhlu ''''rrlf. O Ihllo' lIj .2,1, 19,jS. C"\lforni,, l""-tjtut~ 'If 'J,!,~Jj. nlll,,~~'. J!ur:mtl Rel1rlllLl nil (lomm]l'te.". HI 1111., III UI<o, $~, t";~"~" of QOt."r'lll'h'!. N,.. C<.\ l",l~ ~ku li;i~.,,";O:t summu t·i!3~UJ,lI; wn rrlmc nrl VSLIi1"'.I). '1'\(1

<.\

or

Switch

Aids ,Heater

Trouble

[nngl f'
1

I·lit~~fit·i"t ~

<w;[lil (t" IrW "" kl,,1 IWiller, ,tt~1\ i.\ d~,!)t~ 11\ \lIrnl,d on !hr '\1/)\'dIJcM, uf

v jI!1F·~ J I" PAC! I It. - E:xpl'rit;tlw rhwug)1 ~"hl W~,,!fJ"f operutirrns 'If !ht~ ''lui!dwil's I·,II··! ",1. r. it II..s f,-,"~,dtd ·Ihnt rhe rnasrcr

MAG.AZINE
~PH~·r.11
HI,j,R:.

A.RTlClES
r
'h'(~'f eov-

"",liltl

I

Inl~n' ,
\n

'''I"ol'd 1 JJ

\u' N~tvY ~';:-;Ul"! nf ",\,.,,, rl"iV~i<L V.'l.-.fI1ll-~ Tll1~f'"." ..... [tlI1T'V-F)'1 n 'i"h; t WII I" j I i'·I~i.... [f v r'fl I tI'.''r:;i' n ~j i I hf ~ m. v"l

Ttu'li.t
VU!,_I]

,1rI:;!

w ~ multJ.place aircraft o"'U tlw t\l.g~t .u:en for \J.I re.cricol'l ana. ob~en'lltion <If J."'!!'1l- H bOUI mib.-;;. omn !:lilly GAS on D·JuJ ",hilI! satis· f,'~h,q:r f9dlit.ies w()uld ",m l1amll!!l)' b~ ,.vail.lhl~ ,,';I\nre, i!. fel! lobe dttSir~bh:. 1. U~e .. 1 J" ~lT!okr rtlckds by 111t TAR· 1
ti1~rking t,ulWfs fn[ the "Sirike h.ghly $,HIshctory. It, e"id~nced hy ,HI .u~I'r'"gl' <If on 11' 1.4 .miml[t'.S d ...P$M lim!' bctw ..t'n br,g."r mHkrn,s and the first
fllt

,Iir coordinaturs were maintamed on st.tIn nU-.I'S, OptrlltioJ'lS began at 0,)(\ when the TADe ill the R~Jj took station over the t;cr.!cwt ~.fI;n" At· 0.'1;0 the fil~l flight of [.'11' nj~hl l1&hter~ reported on station, .In.d ,jmwated l'r~.H hour strikes were carried Ollt" until dawn, The '/ iger((lU I1ti1 izel:! radu an d low yjsihi I tty 3fe:J bombill)! terhmqucs, Good to excellent results were obtained. AircfBft flate illuminutien WIl;i auernpted for pin. point attacks, bu{ {aiLeJ because of malf LJfI c:t ion j ng- o f til e 0 utd a t ed Aares. G01llmenciog at 0600. flights of si!( f~V'S armed with .50 cal., miniature bombs and SCAR'S were kept- ever stalion f or Ope bOW' periods ;\n d made various simulated CAS strikes as called for by TADC. Si):ty-scven t!lrgets were iLlenlHied satisfactorily arla('ketl by 11 stdk:r groups. The fol1o,wing CQndll~i()l'l.S u,m(f'rn~ ingthls exercise -;! re !iubrnitted rOf th~ inJormatlotl of -activities con:C'efU"eJ: , Th .. I'''..... ellc~ 01 emb.trking th" rA.D
1iMIt

lhroughoLll

the c>:erdSes.

T.,clj(;~d

rulol. II !~ Iwl,vnJ (h.li thi.1 "~'{""'"t ,w'r<hlfl~ urr JJld 1111 ~h<lrl~n~ the IJPo;;ru·~l!lo!>·ti 111e III Ih,· 'BnJ!~r ,,",eluhl)'. \!K~·'lT.·M.~HI It I'

'j-Hnlt...

~1~1.(.I,·il[.'U.r,vr~I~U1. nl·~·. H.!..:j •

In,'rr n~..... 1I••wrnrjt

,rICl,HtaI1n.li,nn \'\\ Naulty,

~~rt~..tB ...2r

ri'll· AI ~·t~l"l ,.\~ rmm..,ucur ••

,f

J,4,UO_

r<.~()nHl1l!1ikd Ih,,! a 5I'riQg~h\"dc-d
Iyl'~ A:-';-,"'!8·~,

<;w·i(cJl,
1I.IiId

j;lIlIrJ·hl/Ji!lt

'WII<-,h

switch hr.,.Jket, hI. installed (" elirniruue Ihl~ diJ1i<ullJ'· .... B".>1 •.,. Comm..",-Thi s i. considered"
worthwhile serviee

-!!/'·a. !In. lOIS.) \\'jl·4",1 P".["-Il""
Ii"

G\liol.ecl: M ... 1k. ,'ntt VIU, II, R. W"yl, 'rh,' .1 "'·"I;I~'I~. r-;.<oy, I~. 19~9. ~1I. GI~. ~1U--1;~1 utlJ~. ~li"in~1 1~I,jj,4)tJ I,u 11 eum IH1i ht:'-T!:;! Ive ~t·l·iw. Prev k~lli- in!'!'UllJ mc.tl~: ,Ij/2S. 6/1 t, iI/~!l. 'j I:.!.:l~
1

L~!1\l6no. ,r-mnM> II. fo"Qi'"" .• I,..",. 191~. III', rg·l.'i. Iii lh~ AJtA'~ ".!".,.! e ,,!'~ f"r~~" ,,£rilleY., lr.n<1 .. r !,Il .. J 10,-" 1I1·...ille
4~, I

O(><'fIIl.I.'. t.. \LQ,. nn

activities can follow withotn

i n r er e at e d n~('ess'1ty of " ci1:ilI".l\Iror ~I:t'"\'i(e bulletin. suggeslion which

rh.~', li)O!~. I'll·. ~n, ~t,
,l.fI+lftll'.1
HH.'i: J{"h'''''III<!r. :N dirtl«i1m'i Ill:"'rllIH,llrk1n,]

S"Htt. t'l'<AI"

,\ ... J-'Il~;" A\I.,.,",lh",'

nUI"."~-

\\'Iuw: Ph"Hwldl R....view. A 'W~'r',,'f',r~ rl P, .... I~I~, "II, H'.l~. I !WII"d."" ,,! 'h'!,11Mlrll,U.·I~ 111 p;(!<t.W',!..q ~'-fid 1Il'I~·r

::O;hjln II

,"10,

1.1.H~ J.r~ht D,<,. ~, ltit~,

4'\ lHlI'"r)\llIl NCJ! 1:", 1)(0. l{;. 16,

,h~/IJlitlJ.~

r·A.\_ :")hl(~~hul (~Ug~1Pllot Trniuillg f~~'II~'~ir .. 1I,,1""'i J ""., "I "1~lhHl ry,,~k. D",", ! 3. J.'M~~ 1111' 1!!, 111. Wr,rJ,(h, ['hl.ht BU1L',k lIunll!: ut LH:Ilt~ ~V~anilt'l}'l M~tStl,i"!lly~ A .HiJftn~' :W(:~Jl•. :nt"ll,"_l'31 r'u. H;-J,@;, 1111111 uUI,~"M U{l'1"ltluJjl,"il tm Pl'ITm~ rq .... u, ltin .h'l..ri'lli (1',,0'/,:, ~II"·. H, PII. 3l'i. 116, M~' Sfl>L'~' tll:,,- VIright B'roth ..rs, r'hftd~" '1"".\'101'. I..·(}m,·.. ~, I)~p', ""!-.'i. 11148. po. ~7., f,lI, 111, I "·h" "'",'", whu wurked un Ij",t \V~ll<ihl

,mn

"r

a~

,..'n;r;j,nll..}

,h.,

S-NJ LAN,DIN:O

GEAR

lOCIUNG

PIN

lIlBRICAT'lON

lubricoHon
NAS

of locking

Pi,n

'rh" 1'"I!I~r '1','oplw. l'Ir;'<!or!t·k ft. 7'I.·"b· C(~UII Pet·~ :!r., l!lI\.B, LUh 30, ~IL ~ A;'Y'ntfjl!'d (tI, H.n}C.] .• ~""·""nl(· nid,!,) u hial·y. or '1h~ Vl PIj·'! Jo'Jigohlo Col~;r'''''~~ II·;~· ..!j; r •
~.I~j

OAtU \:o.;o--ThL" 'I]"I<rti1mj u_,.,J JI1 IllbriCaI1DS the landing ge<ll Incidng pl.U UII SN] il.i.rn[LO us ~11(''wn in thl: "ullmpoQyirlg piaul" fl,IS pmwd Hry ~u(",~~ful at th;~ :wivit,. JilTIng the Pl~)t CIF-ht m(Jnths. A· few Jrqp" ni rW[lcrraLing <oj) .tpplicd "I

11'411

Th"

I'" W,,~l(J the

~i'.

GIII'.rftH.jl·~

Cj~7~~(,,'llii H~~~ ~,=jt

KIHY HaWk lItli,I".
~~) tfl,~ IIp.

as.

[,,,,,\,.,1'
ti."'t~

t'~.
~~h.
('I'~~

.1..\.mk.-rt'll!'.a n

r.~!'i.ion

.. l"iJ.I~rin(l~ ·B'}hy}n'l-t'.!iII,/J·HtJ'~/.

~l. In,I.~,"I.I, 'IHl·Hl4.
j

m'l •.

~V<!rJ' pr~·tlight
m[l.IIY

in~pl:'Ct;'ln

h~,; ~!irn.ina t~

,() RI)

src"r!,,,

W,!~

Jj"rover~tl tlwt tb~ r~Jio set pf<llvi.de !:OITlHl.UflIUl~i{)~ t.Hilitie5 fur th.. 'fACe WII, nM in ,I 5;ttLS' ('lCfury ~nlld itl"1l 01 pr~W""u lion fm pIau".!: ill !ic.t;'j~c: Immediately lind woukl r~ql.ljre twO \Vt:,*~ of {l\1~r.hauJ ([1 be (UeUr operluioll'111. II is felt tlilJ.t all ~uch d~drurlll eqt1rp. m~nt ,(Hawed and on halld ~11IJuld h~ "P" I'taleJ to maintain it in reudy oond_jt~on.
W'I-"

'trih " It

previous JlsCrl'l'lmCJcs GnJ ,nuI f"n.:· liu!Jing Ilw I'iM. A SI1'HI U 11\111' d, i IIt.I in I ht pk~ iSI!!, b 'J.\'~[ [he h\d<log p,1n ",tid "- JJ11it!.! strew Of ~ ~..rIJII "j] tup jn,'t;!1kd h' pWVl'n! hlr' e'gn p.artid~, ft"~1 cnt.·rlh~ the kl~kjll1l mn 11,~1li'ml.

fir

1,'L"ht-t:'J~ Pa rt J:: S,.ant COJh9,h]er;I't~nfH~' A i'n~ !le,i"lH, U. 1'. Ri.n<r. ,F7i~"'I. 'N~", I. tlH", I"" ;~~3·M7, ill"", f,'lihlel'> PIII'l fI: i'ilW"," 1'lllnL 11")"""11"11,,,",, l"',..... ~,,( II,,,· "\"r"!ll\Oltfl)t, 11, F". Klnlt, rIHIM. Nu". ~I. Ill,I~. I'p. 57l·~76, iJI;u~, Tho Z.I'"I{Gll!t~'r
Ml).t"J1tei.~
\ III }f~J UhIJI~

ff.~~j'

f1 niuf~',

M\ro!!lc N""I.'!IIIM, !Jhurl.,. ;\. Jt1.fi~ lt~M'j prr~ lSi III r iit., IJO~

).1i'~I1,," Uq' 1,,,,1' 1"IflM"ro; , ,h!n~ I\14~.Iffill. 2~1, ~1,

~(~.,IIJ{I .lnl;l>lId~"j 10

1, "lIc

!VII.

10. MI!d O. p,:;

<moh

1;lIIk~

.. BI<A"r C","m ..tll~NQ pbjeo;tiQII. [,0, I.u. b~it.:ltiQn €I'! Iht' locking pi'Ui b)' this m.('tb, "d.. However, it is ·na! «ll"lside.redof SLlBident impot'tanc.,· In wa.rra,nr melus'em in pre·flight irupecricmli of nth.eropefoting acr'vhi" •. since th.!i nl"th .. d~ and infe.rvilh .laid down in the. ~-randard lclbrieatil,)n for the SNJ hav .. proved enrir·el adequate im th~ paS( if dil;~ently rQllowed,

a,;'''l"J " ..~ ",l.,... F~"'~;m~J~tl
.\ IQmk

rCo/
..

"'~.'r'7~.

1(,", to! " u#,\'
K~,lll1II.

II !"I'",'(1. ;\"'!r~w W H•• I~P, !!:!. r.garj,'~

l~iy ,In_ M.i.dlt~ B-U!\. Lt. <;~f. Frcil J, A·"IIId, Sk IIIht."". J n.n. J I)~ll. till, 11.1 Ill. 111\1';, G. My b'iNll. ~,o MitLut~ In n !1rrl.... nnn 1)~'Wtlil~;. ~1"Jm.'(J JI'l, d R.n. 11.1\1, ]"I!"!. j!u·B~, no, ~I, i!lu~. ~11.11 i~tI.~n lI1"dkin~, f.",J. \,\ fl. USNH, U, S, N!.H'''I /t",U/ul. 1"·"1" 1~.. ,81 VI1. 1533"-, r 1 'f he J et< Gu m! Lt. C\I1. M.. l•...,I", w. Ca"I~. USN. /J, S. Na~'a1 Ijlgti!1,1~- 1"1)""0.<11",,", ;0.11'''. ~",. • 1"'" l:l.jH.l~lIl, S .. Uf.ru WtI.l'.>
~~tttlt1J~Ij'j:

,.,~,~o-n"" i

I""

mart

nf:.·.... t..c

m.,.

r.*, .

35

R 'tric&ed P2V-2 1375 Houu)
M o'n·ifo
mg from report of t=light Test "MJ.niI,.,Jd pressure regulators are not needed :I, power untml r~gul:~_tnrs Ui II1V·l tvpe arrrraft. Their use prC'l'Cnts the pil >t j mill

I, quoted
i,"",

I.e:!, Pr'e'55I1re

Regulator.

The

11)110"'.

deterrulnln,!l
retcr power

the existence

\If

Inr.ipient ,·nlhu.

INTERIM
'1'1\1,

REPORT DI,GEST
un~

)1~110"1 <lr S~I'"joe 'I'e;,\. NA'TC Po\t{txs,,,'r, rlnea nul UI .. l(:'lJOS~H'IiJy refluct BrrA_gl~ Vtl1itl)'~

,'i~c"r

""VQ"~ tl,..

I"

~1~''''t~I,,,, jnoorlm

AD-2 (253 Hours)
MO'!llleto. M~gtlcto breaker point housmg ni r hln~t dctlC'_~lit was (lilli'll! det;l(.hed trom magnetc CDolmg haffle A!l blast deflector tlI.:iI''(leU dOl n and its attiu litnent lab ,reJ1 .t· .. cd the: coolio,'; nir !lW~y Frurn hreaker l1nim IIliuJ'ing, Tlu duralumin delle tLlt h fJ\"ded tv th .. magneto cooling ham~· by IWI! rLV t<,. And is IOl'llteJ in path 111('- incoming' rnolillS (lit ttl Ille magneto puints, A ifi O:\IlS i111 pused un JclI~d" r ~u S cJ 1';~ll't holes lj;) elongate and d e fleoo< dropped hOIf) iii' rnounting. R~CfJllillJrfld th.n steel

or

qaiek-diseonuec; f11Hng lltlached to d,e' flirward end of the propeller control rod broke nIT, Fal 1·1.1 believeel caused by eogine re \'ihmti(Jn ImnsllliheJ t!tl'flu.gh hel] crank assembly, pIN 4,l6J7i~. to control rod, PiN Z?"'~~I'SQ~, ~(rmml,,"J tblIL quick-drsconned fitting be strt:nbltht'ncd, Bell Ctallk. Propeller contMI bell crank, pIN ~2r'Vr5, chafed 1t81l,ml o. 18 cylinder cxhnusr stack and exhaust :stack clump when prpp ller tuntrot was j[) the full low pitch posuion. Suppornng bearing or hell ~rank j~ subjected 10 engine vihration and excessive forces. ptn:lIi'1el tl' the ben.ring axis, !t- had
bell crank no longer m"vt'i.l in its normal I lane, R(!"()-lllmtmJ that mur .. rigid upport fm pivot point (l propeller eontro! bell crank be pr vided, wurn ~n much that

provides rIO means t,(,~itjvc control rn the vent Dr regu later tailure ~nd .«1.1, lu tile problems rilf mainrenunce in field operating' squad runs, ~ It I not believed thar he convenien e provided b use of the rre$5ur~ teg\dutt1r~ ul1 ets the .afety of fligbt taddr revolved when oreratirtg un lef long COnd'I"JI15, i?(Jl'tJllImciui that [)1nnffolll p,reloSl.lre r~glililtor he: rl:ml1l'cd {J~ disconnerted and that rarburetcr Un~t." beeonne ted tlirectly to the IhfOUle quadrant in the cOCKpT! Jug of the Loil "tot No. IZ cylinder and both win,lings !:If the coil fo~ No. 18 cylindeI slwrt <ircujll::d. RI!Umll/li!llIJ. that t!H_gine rOanufal~ret .nvesugate and correct cause of f~JIL!res, Distributor drive shaft Assemblv. Left ,1 i trihutor nil seal, PiN IO-3?-;9~t Wa~ wnrn

or

Ig"ition

Coil AssemblYi.

econdary wind-

and allowed
Breaker

pil to enter dlstrihulur
~h"wt'd evidence

hI '\I~lng

pornts

of burclng,

washe rs be imtallrJ befo~ I-Ip~etfi[l8 fl\'t:t~ used W anach l1l:lgoew point hUlI.I'1ng uir blll.$1 defleercr to Illng[)t'to Hwlitlg 0,,-111, e \'h~i MI uddit I(m!ti support tnh to the dcflecrnr nE supplied, llxt{!rlding fTom the defieolll" to th~ uthcr sid e of the <ooling i'>ame; OInJ thar steel w:l,h~rli he added to the ;Itttld nnen I uvets 01 the hleak!;'t point air bl;l.st deflector I'In magnetne- nf this type ,II next 11(l·I1CI~lr cheek.
Support Brac:ket. Duralumin sl.IppOrt braeket for Iuel 'Pump svlphon vent line broke "lli~Hlnt 10 attachment hule, Replaced with ne htad'i=1 41 ~O sted. Reronnm ud IIi,Jl bracket he trengthened.

Servlu Cllonge No. 49. Change WIIS tj;· sued to prev. nt accumulnrion of ttl! al wing hl.'atel' ,Lir inl~L Change kit was to include
1:r5aJ;!·9iL,

En9ine Fire Seal. An c(lgim,> change revealed the lc.Uowi.Qg discrepanciesIn the engine fire ~e!11 .B~C2ll'lbl y: 1. Engine- mount sockets were cut to
dcpll'l of 1/ "

llaffl

Lower
lower

Dive
brake,

Brake.
PiN ;l51nZ

I\ephl(ement sparli' drawn From Iocal

In plane b",-cduse left hHI!¢ bushing hule h;td b~t'n drilled ,II :ln~11O(If Ilppwximal~l)' UU~I! degL f''i
the righl binge hU::l1tng 1i"1~ H,!]",,, holes Me Ilg d-riHed lHJ(l Clnnot he tllrr~lcd in the field, Rtfl)III/lIMil lhllt caust'
~tl!l'

stoek,

rcu Id nnt be: fitted
lille uf

r",m

by edge nr baffle cutouts, l"rn"'I'dcil in 'fire e:J fur clearance j~f o~i De mount sockets were Itnt urrgc 1l1l0ll,!lh re prevent t'lige' of the baIlIe CUt.Hlt:S r~111)1 dlol'ing the engine rTl')lmt snckets Oil lilt! ~ngi ne mnu FYt nog when the en.grne n'H'wed A > resu It of I nrC)ue, 2, Met" I ,.etlUnin~ ring whkh I'](lld~ rubher seal strip in pl.l(e WId -at(aC'fte~ lire sr:al baffle to engine t!~hpter ling wa hru~('fI ad [acenr to engine MHIl[>, Ring nnd ~ha1'ed fwm ceruact with fife seal J'hlngc whidl J~ .. iveted to englne mount rlog,
cut;)U~

one cuff assembly, )'/~' sssemblv, pIN U;;8;!J· ~511. The first part is II left )m.lld ,{s,eIflMy lor the porI Willg while the serond i. u follrlwing parts:
ODe

cu1f

rip;ltl

hand

assembly

or

starboard

wing_

Twu left hand assemblies were received, The extra left hand ossembly \V3.5 modified locally 1<1 Ii starboard wing hearer .a~setnbly Re· f()m/ll~/{d th~l manufacturer exercise IlIQre care in packing service dumg(! kits.

BOll; Beam Nacelle
approximately

Panel.

forwMd 'fput-weJJ panel, pI' lJ~O;\9-I~, Be:· lieved caused by metal f utigue brought about

two in hes long

J a.ggfd

rnck
In

developed

As J'emedi1ll11nirln, the torque ~l-1d of rhe ... fire bllll1e cut uls wu enlarged 3/B'·. h red
,Lt't'3$ 011 engine J111),u-n! 't" keb W"fl' It,1Pt'd,

of Ih~ nli~aljl:ltlfd hioge 11111e~ he im'C"Stig1twd, Ga.skets. lru:ter oli;l.mcttr of gfL,k~r> in&l,;dl~tl (lr! Ille eu~iuE ml in n,m! oil nul flllolle5 wa.s r!lund 1'1 be 5/1(," l(ts~ ttlUo inne-r dil!lfIett'c nf the tl.:.tn~. £x~ gasket m.lten.1 ImJ been p:miaUy ~everoo from gaskets by the l'ltt.1.chI"J rli I Jines and \"US 1l1\ the \'er:g.; pf h~i ng dt~ W 11 Into c' jl sy~((:n'! g'J '\<.~·I"
dtm"'n~jon. til he- C'II1I· OlU1gCS ,end ~rta;;;hed tlil lioe Ra.oge-s. KOfOflll!1t'l'ui lbal Jill let of p""pl1r size nr the uti 111 ,md "j I r;1I:lt Hans"" bt: jlrllvid"d. E.d,ollst 'Stac:k Broc:ket5, Two Olr Ih~ new. w~re r,unura([ut.Cd to proper pemlittlllJ' ,01 J g':1sket lTIaitlcilll 1'1't:~s(-d firmly oNween ""gill!"

pol ished -and f'(lioted The cktmttglKi remia· iug ring wa~ pep,tiJ'ctl ::uul lire SimI flange wa~ teJiJ1~!1I"d til :):voiJ future dlafing,Rtcl!lII)lUwd

by personnel walking on pan~1 while ervrcing ~jrc.Qft. f'ttiring support structure, til ,,,'Md, sielcs of thIS panel lUe llltndleO, stnps nine UKi1es shm t oj p3,llflJ edges. TIJI~ 1t111\'eS vuter t:J15f.:. wf forward spotwel,l pimerS withvu support wlten WEight is ;lppLcJ, C(nditiol1 (tll"ts ,It 1111 four tlllter ~dges "n

that

fiIe seal ba.ffil': cutout.>

be cn liU"sed

.~"W

to provide adeq'lIate clearao,e btrwt'eJl tut, t1ul:$ and engine mmmL ~ock..t on th.. el1gine mOlJnt ftog when he eng-Lac- moves as n?5U It (If tr,rque, and thltl the fiN leal ,n main 'iuMp alea b.e r~deslgned I') prevent ctwilog J:,d"'r~o rehllnmg rillS and Fr!e SLUt Aange_

FBF-2

r

tVT'e stand-off bra.-ket.. ;n "III ~h :l ~klt st:tck weld h pro\lJeJ. ,V('n found broken, These Me the eigb(li and. ninth stand·off bracket faiiurl's, R",'olllrll<l/d that ~tf'(lflger (,'xhaust ~t~Lk st.and·ot{ 5Uppurt bnlc~ ket be l'rt)vjd.~d, Prep Control Rod "fItting, One (:If Ille
ey,t

f0r the mmIJst

Oil Pre5!iU re. ,;ngiue vi I I",e-~~ure !eLre:.t~eS wtth altitude, und yn IllSh1!> uh,we i~,O()O feet, pressuJC-s v{ 90 Ib~. pSI (111 Ibs. belo'w mlru1l1U'(Il lisLed in Pllfll';s IiiludbMk) lla~e h~1l ennluntcred, COlldjtiOlfi 15 being investignted. Fllel Pump. A ,mLt-U :UI1ount of CQrW5,i1n \\"'lI found 00 Ihe reHef ,'alve pring, PIN ,lIut.g.uide, pi 18(,.s,anQ in the boce ,f the rei ,fi vllve hO!.lsm~, t'/N J!l,g. V:<tlv~ I,,,,:rls v{{Oredr.l:ln",l, lubr.U;uled with engine aU and
reinstall~d.

(lao

Hours)

t!lch fnrw,,_rd ~po!\I'dn (JoIn,,). fI./:,('t:lIIIlfI~"" thtll f ;uri_rig 51lPP()tt ~ttU<:tutE be extended to the I'RIlel eclges in (lftJ r I,e, rrovl.le 3 SIJP' pllrt fnr the panel Coble Strap Clomp. l\,r'lIrll'it), .£ U;UDPS _I.,w\,IJeJ t<, support electmal wbles :u'e 01 lf1.: dUI h ~b:;IP type. insu.laled wit.h rnl\m~d .5plHlse tubber, Rubber 1J~s ,C'~.II$ed {"bit In. su IllUOI'l ro tu_m dark brown 0 rid in ~Qlne <-;:1St'S hilS ,o~stlll'ed able idenlj-ji~"nliofi le!iw and numbers. Di.>((J!uratlon vJ t.he nUlTlilfOlJ,S
eject ri(';'l I cables through\1ut :lirUiUI Ims c'l.lJsed no ~pparent dItmJge to 10 uJotion. Its appw.wlII(e is ~iluil ~r If), I hltt 0 f S~!1rdled ln~1l111til'n ur! (nletbcu~~d (,;~hles. 31ld

r.ut

rnsl1ertit>fl is m~tde d_jffi_cull. RI1tI)ll/lIIf!mi Ih"'1 3 ~t,illdard AN d;lmp be used in ulure .;in,:c.lIft ,l.~s.,mbl if! lieu (If the elettriC'a.1 ,Ible simp type clamp.
Microphone loom. -towage Retteptltcle provided Eor plrot$' microphones arc ~o i.ucca· vt:lllenti)' located that they ,H~ ~eldom med du_ring rughl A boom arrangement fo_{ hold-

fQur £ngl'l's

DO the

femille

pnrfil)r\

of

rile

36

Restricted

Photos Aid O&R at Norfolk
'AS
NOR Ff>IAt- TIll'

i\Ltvy

b

",Ing

Ih",

.o&R dl'parJJllcllt here as J pr!or in,;tall;Jtilm plnns re:<c"ivt:rl here have hrnired to I'-~I uSC' "I r]'"toI,lGlp)li, li'1cllwd,s t" prl', W, •.-kin.!? ~lJnlr. dl,,·Jr:nving' (I1n~i.lt!I,lhlc .-.dnd.tli,m ,111[1;: H:mpl"t~) for >(ll!{)d 1Indim<'n~i,.n~J requi«
corurncror-drawmgs SlIdl .ss d1U,'" lmod lor I'~f' pinneo R~M"!" ohl'lineJ h), rnakirur ;](nHilk .lIed metal t<;ml,i(ltt' hYP)lol"lgml,11tL 1l1l'.in's have h"l·o so 'Ilc"esbf, I thut II.. mntinuL~1 "'" here cvenrunll will d"nin,m llK 1"11~~ ((IOSU/lllflg I1I"'Cnlt,on (,·f ~c'.lling blueprim, .Itld I!tY/£lg "'I1( til\' tmtp'-:tt,,~ l1y h~n f. PriVITtI: Wil1l"'lll~ have used 3 photo sl'~"'m for .'\~\il1e ti~K \"'illl Sli(ld ~II(L(·~'. Drawrng (Of _!ltltb .11'1' l'rlH l'r~d h~ BItArli. from illrpbnc <"('nt1·.l(to)r~. These Jrllwinl" urI! nut I\illy Jinl~'n ilm~,1 or ,lirnll,· ~,,)Iahl" ,lfj~1 Illll_' 1.lrk ,1 uru l::l;~~n it I inl'''''lali!)n 1'(>,b qu;rr~! r.. rr"d \1 ce U:~lJ~1~ 1 I~' f", <lV~rh.lll r
UI~~

Marine em /'.1 1,'./Il,I'jJlJ.rfJ I><I/II! j(Jir/l;,d th« 1\',11') .11/11 AJf li!I'l'~' 11/ jl)lIIg tlu P.u:i{lc ront es nnd«: ,\11£17 J LliIR-J'i2 S. pll' l'i 1{50 1",111':,1 fl/I th« mil In'fl (I J H,II/ .trr wlle" II,.·) uer« r;l'dt'l"e'd to bll/·
1/(fI'

th«

uthor

/11,'"

torrne»,

It'/)Ir/l

1II'ildu'ri Illo'/! ,lIId /,1,1/1('1 /1) JI.II./ Berliu ,ltd;/I. Her« LI. C~II. !t;lm J. Carte»,
Mltl'l/IU
dirt'rlor

meets wilt" .II/J

Lt. CIII- H erN/.111

II/

I)IH,,.,,ti(!o.f CdI'.
P"l(ijil

C,rl H. 11III III e. [r., l)IHI'/fJI/ 0 PI"',I/roll I.
RI/J/I.fl?)'. ,IJ,\;

"j{!n'F

JI""'II

1311'';,

ITII.i l~n'l nu, n

Ilam.

Ifl1( dIe' ml(ftTpJlIIfl i" provided 111 111<.N u , l' l11uJd an!> IIi plane, The bUlIm I' artucbcd l<. tl1l: til! III the IIckpit Wllh .t M.,II·Hnd-SII:kd uruversnl i,"nL Th h()om IS t~!E:swped and -mIlk.." tlW 111iu"phnnl' adiu_~t.,hle 1<. any p"si. non when in U~.C, A spring-loaded wrre ,tluidt: returns. tht> boom tu " .fC',ldlll' accessible posilinn wlwn nut in IIS~ R. ({jIIIlIII.hI slmil.u ur,mg~'rncol ! .Ii I !':\' .1 irtru fI. <If Firewall SUp'pDrt Bracket.. R" u line ill' 'r'c,·tiun .'h"w.:J thil! 1'1\11. Ie'lt and rilthl "I'P r Iirewall S"ppnll brlHket_,. pIN 1,19.1"~· I" ·1.. un ~t.lth(/lJrJ finw.tli wvre huckle .. 1, Bdi ht1l:I"'~ resulted [rum ..,n~;n p"ck· hl'lnS prC"tollsI' teported A ~if1l,il"r tuilure 11'"", t;l(po:ril'nn-ti b)' :l flect ucrivity. J\rernedral lIetion tilt· br4chl' WCIr<:I [t'infor<'Cd

Airphn~' n)ntr:I(:lnr~, in general. use S1111pltfit"-' itIdhl.,b uf pb,II"grtiJllo;"ilil' l"YHlg "~It 1"1'(;11 1I.~llrl~IL'j. hI" 1'T"lcttmg ~or "prJ)'m~ photo ... pr(,dllllll>n~" : lnyuuts to sen iI ;lCJ rnctul Thl."~ IIll,thl!d~ .,f pfllJUllfll! Itlllf'!'late;. -..tiln;nut,· Ihc cllntmctnl' ~ nc-cd (()r

con t"ql rent I)· informauon . "r fhi' tYJl'" 1(1 l'rtpal't' f u I r ,Gill: Lint'" Ill'g~ f",· lui'l incr: ptl cpn'b, ErI\)r" "Ftco :tIe llnf(lr'~l:abl¥ nwilt .In.! [lurt., mild,· [rum tIIC'" t~I1lI'I.,te~ "(ft'n W~I I mt!((UI·m~. '\ ith resulium lo~~ uf rn"lc·ti'lb .Ind' Illh rr, One pi I.hl Incllnr h.lCtors in mHk.rnf! the (('$ts htlft' j),)ssihIL W,I~ thl use ql, invlitc dlmt:lljilm;llly St:lO!(' neg:lIivt! fur"i~hl'd ~y the munul acturcr twm the tlt'siJ;ner S l\';glO,,1 shirl J1'rnlll lh«'t vin Iii • IWgtlhv~", Nltr. ("Ik I/h(" io - re-sults (",nip",rahk .. to thn>j.; Ilf .url,lal'l~ rncrollhlUllrH," in l,rIlJuL'mg p,'~t'-. I [~l u) Ih~ ,,)·,tt·"l It.,~ "lvcd til11l;' "Iwn 11Mb ~ n, req urrcd and :1":Ii Llhl~ d fawln,~,' I" t'k dimcnsruns. Pu rts MI.' lIL(U r"t~ \\ ith in '1./' Pr0l"e~Slng tim.' IILke, IIIlIy .m minute« ;, ternpl.ue. The process cxped i It'S mak lilA «rm hl0<;;b lit pOIr,ts 1")" ..11 .if(. til h prudlKt<J m Illn~idt'r'lble '1LL.mtitie, Pield nr tiVItJC'S can In(r~'IlSC lhdr dll~it"fI(' hv pr", JUl.ltt_g tllt';,. «wn iii" ,-ql"'k" .. f Ic<lII'-I:'\ _.iz.. vandykes, frllnl I"!,ntr.;ldor-h.unished vi nvlites.
"lItld

d,mt"Il"h.rlt',r

de wIn!;,>.

;'!CAS £1.. TOfIO-AU corners of this stntion ::l1'C served by tll- mobil 1'X whi·h makes the rOl1llcls rhrring the dny. HIlS)' [I rsounel during W!lrkbl~, hnurs cun hlly collec, c(Jl(1pop. J~)llg)1nuts, cundy, dg.xrettcs, sandwiches. ~ntl~hpustr. ~hnvill~ ('!'CIUn. t"Hzlir hlnde~ ami ruher toil.'1 nrti .Jp~.

tw did.
"II('

"'fI·"li'llll",

(_hll1htflil.
Vl{·2

nuli»

I.It. HcD lI1ai':IIN il' ,"""paSs \\':1; lln- IIU1>gtlk {c{1n'l'il~' fHlletl ('OJII\la-,fo' W;I~ !liil liUt.! tll(l .~('i:ll!ld Lamar u~fd lJi.> Tloeket "lIric-ty

~, A\, thrllugh
,\1,1(' plum'S:

fI,,·

",up

"t"

T'P • must 111\ h~'I'" an,,), . ('Illlt wlu-u h" was _ OLmg. Ill' ('ampJ ;1 pot'kd <:,ump,lS'
011 II r ('flut lHitllt IIntl il \, a, II
,~(i",1

VR-l-LI,

Cdr, W \\.

I"'WIHT,

Jr-;. "":'1':rs
t-J,illl!

AJJ .IJJ 1.Il'g"t'~ r'"l' "'!!P-> ill the ".,w of ,1211 d"l,U'! .1 \\""1. ale heil1~ '~'nt l,' GU.)!il t",ill' "'Io'"kl)' •• pencil lunilliflg i~ <l'_lnt(\'.~1 In (,11, ..lHk h <'.'[!~ to IUl'atlic ,In.! W 1>1''''<'111 their heJ-ll,'! I uprured h\ temperatures fJ ·10'\' -to j: and Llh,~e -(1 At \.\111)\

Il.,tch,ng

('lltSid" "I hrl1lkl't w~[,~ 'LOd ~"p'il·"tcd IJf sr:J,(er~ with IhrnuJ!(h h'llt,. 1?.:rl>mtllr.'nJ that stronger fm;. W~ II ~lJpr(jj't htnkt~ b", 11leo"ppnlt.eci ,m 1'111
Idd,tH-Ill,iI
,,-"\ ,ILrftllh

lw

pl<ltcs ,C't.'u.reJ

"I'

Servlee Cha nge No. 51. Chllrlge requite., repl(l~tJmcnt [If ~I'ark plugs and igniliM cahle sle('vc.~ on the wing .. nd ,'IT1pennat\e anti·
leW 1ll"J.tLt_. In~rl'lkti'_l(1~ lntluJe Ihe step~ t"r lIw)!'l!,li~hillg th,. ciWIII'<': on tlw wing "eJICr With tilL ho;:at<:r In "hire Acwtnpll)ih,mg thi. I'MI IIr Ih" I'hllngc willi.,ut fiT~1 rt"II1t''iinj,{ rht hC;ller i. irnp! "~lhle WI rh standard I LOU)", R~Wlltllfl.llJ th,lr :;I;f""": Ch~nB(' N I '\ I ht 111(1.liA"J I,r in~lude In'tr-ucrillnh fr" H;"nlLI\'al ~od feplar{:I11('1l1 of Win,!: ,lOti [Ct· I ht·.Ilets. Carbllre.tor. IIlSI'"oinn or rhe e,,,hm~~l)r I'~$II,Q-J, \Voght PiN IlOlfl-5N). lifter urnti, ('ngi r'\~ "pt'j'!' r ,lin Sh1l';"l,,1 111U I gllSLJ1in' WtL'

ic.!'ukinj: P,LS! th· ,(:;I~h,t b~tw('en 111.:-di~<d1Rrl'~ 11M 1m.! ("~. ,hrultk hutl,v UtiiL
Fuel flowmeter. in,ltliit(,rg;n'e 1l1ltilll1 ~huwl.'ll

<;tllrh<I)lrd (ut'I 11 "Wll1l!ll:'r en'Mic readmit" .IDJ invest;11m (ud i1"-,",'I1lCtCl L'<\Jl~!rlit-'-{'l" had f\\H,,,1 f.'Hi;" undetl'trnint:d NAS MIANII-Dul'irrg Ihe ~""I' J:!arach~l£ riggeI~ h~H' pil< hJ m,lre thilll 2.2(1(1 cliutl·~. J e.;-pitc U1f' ran t II" t ~ 1l ,1b Ut5 (:11'1.1 I'iggl-r> » Illust be iT"" 11 10 NilS 1.\CK~()NVIL!.f' t" "'~')lI1f'lhh 11,,: f1u<klog. ~imc Ihi~ ,latiOlI hil· 1)0 parachu{c 1:,,(t [0 pt:r(nrI11 thi. work.

d])mmi

The Martin
I/:)t! CV

M41l1¢·

laud'll!?,.! dlll'illg fint (.m'ie/' /'(,1111:. I/·Iil,f!./;j7l.~ :?1.0f)() or .Ibli!fl II'I! ,,/1/111..1.1 OC-3 ((i/ll'If/t:I'Odf .lil'thu.!I',1. A /}!I~'1I10111 pl.me. il 1.1.11 a '{I-JOUI I/'au, hlilxe (Ji lIfT':!';: 1/",,, :?,OO(J 'IlIile.r ./ifd rpud III/}tl! Ibdlf 3VIJ mph. :II P&II!? R--I.MO--I elll{im' IU;!!lfEn flu! JUJU' pJ~l.IIe. Aj'Hlame/!f f'lIm.r11 'if Ii'illff ;;11111, Iliff!r:Jr;~.r. 1'(>,k(//,1 .tltd ;Nlllfll PIt'll')"J t"lIIe h /'11' ,11/) fitlll.

111 Lt. 0", R. E. Falltd.I, Ifell' [!'filii QIf"'iH'1 (It!d IIIIld" 120 1/1'0 da,F (If t/J<; leOI. Tb-t: lW.IIIII!I' i.r 1/)0' /)eill);esl .rilt,!;/r-t.'IIf,lilf

Keal'.fcJ}'gc

(AM·}) lWi ',i-a.1e- if; first tWrIlW (1fT Qlttnuet PO/Ilf. Pl.-meJ from

qltaliji"aiioll landing. 'VA· 174, wmmmuled

37

·1'10'\1111 "mvrn~.1 hi provl,iW'1
ks< ;';r~r"fI mod .. h rurw

Target Pil.otless A.ircraft 1'1,,, A~n S"ur~e C]'ld''11; an,1 P"<'OJ,.lOnlng
Ir!

;dl tnrger pilnruse, i-_<;:... the
lUlJI-H'S

~ml ·n; KI1R·~.l. -~: :md ,,"TI2IU, Th~~~' '!,:rgt'ts were nm:ltlf~lttm:ed by Glone Cor.r .. Ai:cmf! D-i,·i1l1ull. arid Rd,linr1;1ne C[;lnll':IIl)', &t:lblhhlng illlt'tl'!i:lTlge-.IbJlity [rum Clul)", to R:.tdltJpl,'1'I1: 1<> Ail C\1rl's II"-fl Ilujtlbt,r~ wus ,IH"mplii\ittc,Jl\lr the TDl)'S-,1 .irnl -.1 by il,e r~sellta! ion h}CGlobe \Jf J cl w rt \0 dererm i ne int~ld)ang(<abitit), lrom Globe In Air Cllrl'S, H ow ever, !h~ rJ', , iect w as dfIJ}~r~<1 hJ r II re J 0 Unwin;:: ICJS(lJ1S: 11 h~:'- been de~ideJ !tl give rlie 140 1Jr!t(:ts in lcrvin' til' the Reserve stations, fur " lamil-

run's-r,

.'!, -3,. <!rl,l

--I; the

lWI;·<"'S;

XI; 7{1 lJ; A.• none AI, :;0 P; nnd M f'1 nit'S!" jtern~ will hI: U1I"(lI~..,d ~W-r, tn Ihe I!~~! Coast and 50% to lhe Wt'5! Coast, The provhior1ing of !he R:o.Jiop)anlt mutlel. n nd the spa rc p~IrIS o[(:hn cunsisted Il( "p, prmum.tlely j l '\. P .tlld I'1 jtem~ were a~sembled w,lh <HI Ntjmnlod money value of $95,-1'; 1 'l'h,s W~5 for sunpvrt 01 KDR-l·S, K-l}li-is and IW,It.;1,.. Af'prllllttl:l~ll'ly WIIU %(1 U"lrllping Innl manufactured. Iw lhc "'"il ... n~ were reviewed, indlldillg r _no M items: linn~lf 1, cl & Sll(1ply ell" Clevclnnd, OhIO, i5- Ml; nurre X; 2n x I; 10 A; _Mn" AI: be- ;"I<led to the- Secuon I ~ llow.mce list. Ti P: 6'5 I~L: !Iii $, lIorllll:ri~ I Is 10 lw IIll,,· :J. TIi~,1 sun 8IHS~ urul bd'd rases 111\ C,1!OO 50,% to the East CO~5!a[)d to '111:\11 ( ihes su IEcien t for oodJ. uni I be plar eel th~Wf'~t Coast. nn Ihe ~ahl~ af had, -~ llewsnres. It is believed that 3S .OD .... ~5 these orders

to

,Oro

Deployment of lergets
Current pl~nnin.;g lnformntion ind"ic~,tc:s thnl tng<!ts will be- ,lcpIoycd a:; Iollcws: Corn!drL~nl will npcratc nine- units in varfeus 1<"(!lHo.[}$ .,~III're and ll.ililat ha...,d ''1.11 uf Nurfolk, Quonset, Guantanarno Buy :and P"r~ rr~IL1~1' COfll/i,rPII!; will npernre nine

.lte consummated am.! delivery 1S 1.11,11.11.', adequare spares 11';1] be in the ~ys~cm 10 support planned upern ,I() n '!.

Don't
MO
01 ;1 grelll

Keep the Containers
i, ~<Jn(l:rnctl {>vel Ihe rl isappea ranee mnn)' sreel eng' ne ·rnn I,,'nt"r.~_

units b~;('cl !Jill of S;ml" Anu San »iC'I:W. Pea! 1 H .• rbor, G,,~ I1J III'd T,rngr~ll, Clun«.
mohile 11111ts arul muve us tLL" Fleet (ur (1l.rllC!5 PIA :lrj~".. lIKAS E! Tfwn (NA.5 :S1lN'T,\ AN-.~} wil] be required to> 'Un[wrl Ih .. Pilotless AiH'mrt School ~l SnnlH Ami. p.,j(lt Mugu, -arId [nyokern, II 1$ i!1!C!rt-S! i1lJ,l t" n(,l-c- that t b~ trend I ~ ,1",,,), rll~l rna n-carrj fog Jrnnc~ to targe., 1"/ A, Mid fl'~1 no ,\I.lt.IitiIJI1,,1 P'-"CtHltj),,,nl "f h"J;.et drones is planned when the present ,up[:,ly is e:ilhau~tul, f/irlll taTg~1 PI A I'J'!.'~ These needs
Ht'

pf

II!~

A Ithol1gh II IS f·(,la Ihat t ht'y may b.lH I'll oIah'IL' in ,HI tl-i J.~ ~IIlt, 'I'e , no I'~ r 11rt j s hcing rruul e bemuse I I'lty hnve nol been f,-Ivrned In Ih~
~uppl\',h:p;lrI11Io;nl_ ~!!I1I1:l'I<'til'it,cs ure Y~ins these rrusrellanenes materm.l. T11~ conrniflel'!l should Ix: \twd <.Inly for the purpose for which prDtllred, namely, lilt: SIi\\I,'SEt ()f 'engJ!1l'S fl! r presc rvs t ,,, (l Th~ s t l'ld ~~gj_n .. eunta Ind' life .!.. b" returned t" 1[,,· li'ip~l)' dep~ rtrnent when tllt'~' rea~\: 10' he Ohvmusty,
'<i(ltall1e~~ 111 store

iitlj~illi\,ln program, ltuAlIJl. represeniauvos ~{,'red Itw,t iI "'at 1101 Itll~lId.:d Ih,H fiJI: fl· I"'-j{(/J; btl III'/I!"II, but used only lor (amiJill.n2.".livn,the~cl0te
$",1

ry.

no support

w('lIJlI,! be neoes-

(:NO r<![~l"r advlsed tbnt Ih<:N: were no f<JrlhC'! requirements in the t"re~ellt or future I'M/olfl pnlllnU11S fur th" T~!)·!'$, ~! r Alill :ltI· ,:is-l.·d ASO Il; iHr~nge ('Jr- SOl Lvagl;' ,if ~Pilfj;!S

r

u~l.·d fur

Ihul

purpose,

perullar

10

the

TIlO'S TJ

und .~,

n

was sug·

ges wd Ihl'-I ,~Ull:t: the IlIa](11) iI)' of the TI1D-! S were I "~:I h,d in G II 11lTl, t1ll.'~ ~jl'Hdd he ~n~cnc<l to do)tunnin!l" if ,,~],mll~' !~ I"r.I~UUl bk bdote the)' Me shipped back 10 NAS NtlR. I'nJ_". NAS SIII'J "DtFGO. IJf NAS l'f "'~L I-i A l\U'f ,R (ur tb;lt j>:lUj)U'(' The ,DO'S -_J lind ~ tHget5 Mi! ~bnsjJcred (\1'~'lll""("l'nt, ~nd tUflr1.,ha I.iZl1l,'r/ll up l.. lIW1r

grllm for the Furure J1!O~ hCl;1i established, s~~lillg nf !11f,l(cts in nve spt:'Ccl C,liCllori('s
Ilnly une mod];1 fn.r l"'(.h speed

t"lJ!1-

wIt]_,

mngr. Til,. will b,1;: ~'1m['1ill1e ill the rlJlur". amf will tlilt OITllT unnl d,c Jllv.(mWr)' tOE present "j1~r~·t1(lg nlulkh can he-(!~p~'!'Id","'. Tn!: '1[')(( model In be l'rf)clIrt'd is tlw KKIl II">, 30 t1f whkhilrc
nuw U(lJ~j prolU~ITI.~nl.

Hc:mdling Class

265 Item;s,

Til 1,I:;lll'~ ~vl!illlbi JltJ' Df C];I~S _U,'j mnteriu I III meet B[ll\I11 schedules, the followmg tivc [loin}" ~hlluld be eruphasized.

for

~[);lr~;; [ll!.

bftn alilhoriZI"<.L On
IililtgC

tliile iWt1IS

there
I!JIII\

W"ns kn(lWll

'tln~;JQr3b!y

I.ug!-wr

H1%. A fr.rIJl('OmllTg ot(.icr lluchmizill'l! 'i1~'Jll e.l_~llibl!izn(iol] i.s awaited_ aml no ~pll[es
will h~ r!.lr~.h;i~lId-

Maintenance
TI II: Ilit I!I", jllgl1t~.

1\r

t-i!d! t.arg~l b ~on!lldcrl:ill IiJ ill: :)mct a gre;< t It)a(l), (!f til'; lanJ.
!I

l'ruy i<iof1ing qf 111" Gloh!;' 1111 'ck-I~ \,,~S _,,[pmI' II~hed ,'l11d ,~ SP'1tf' pJl rt~ nnler "ltlsi" j llll: "f uPPrl>ximatel)' !Of) P ;lml J> L j~m, w~, lIS~~nlhlt'd, lb .. "",Iut"- "f I-he ord("~ hl"ing e~;l1l:ued lIt ~ppr!1I'HnD.tt'lv SS9.:? 11 _90, 11 LI.~ matetial ,,,uJ;. .~fI! the ~lIl'rnl t ",I ltne'!'s, KNG'L'S, ~.nd Kn.)~-ls, Thcf\l \\'I:!"," flpprOJIlm~tely 90rJ itern~ f<l"1"";,,,,,L Appr0"jmat.,j~ In .ver'e ,nded M; jl~ MI; ~(I() X; 1]5

bro.kt'll hCCY<!ll serv iu;:tb II: II ~t' will i-Jt" turn ~d d
m to ibe 5Upp1r dcp~rtmeDt in cxdlanJtC f(>r n~w or j'«nndilione-,I m<lt.. rj,d ,ulJ ~II'",'1,\ h,' rr,[nsffrttd in1rl1~dj;'ldy iii'" (I!ls~ 2(,~ if, " ter '{"l"l;'J;nmg, m:1I" ..i" I i, t"UI1J to b~ r~l'"Irable. J, Aftj,,,] must he take1l b}' .ell .l{liVUl~' til i~l1nsfer til dl'~~ 2(i~ "N l1'HIIer,,' 1 r!'q~,irin!l inwrp,,[utiun of ZebrA, Yoke. ~uiJ X-ray dmngc" ~. l1""H Ii..[~d "n II", I'nd"'u_tc~ In AS{1 (/1 1/)9 nnl~t 1'L ~Ili ~I""'d <.r)! l'~djl i(IY ,,11' W {h~ d~.sIRml[[~J ilwrh>l u l Pl)JlTtS.

1- fulI.lLpm(.o( til,,!

is ",<,tn,

dlllT>lIgc'd

'"'

ti,,,

inS'

arc in thl.' "\I'u,tt!r,

Iligh[!ercl·ntngc

uf

ICI.'[,!cement i:. need~J for mble assembli"l' lind ~erv()· IH1; t~ pnrli~'lIJiI!I)'. It was further l.mdersWllcl Hw.t t.,hgels VIII wUlIl.d not be overbDuled hut w(\lIld he {[lUIn' tll.lnl."<l b,' Utility Wing ~hops. Ml11tH1I'n.u:I<-l' w(),lhl be limil~ !-o dl\lt de.~crih<,a in AD.
117"47_

<1_ Th~ cx-pedilll1us fl""," 01 rli'~llj!li'd 1m· Wli!!l tlutlugh ~(rtt'ning uml iJ~lllj1Jmlillll !Jrllts ~~ uf pritm: illlP(1It;lIl(~', ~in<.,(· th" fr.,~k· log in sc[e~!1ing aJTe(['s [b ..· ~v'IJ!Jb,rIIY ,)1 C_l.-u;~2'6~ 11I"teri~J.

fiul'\nR ha~ s-et up ,Ipprm::imalc!'ly $IOO,OO() in ASO t>rQ~lCj'm UID fl1l We tllHCnl J'~iIO. buI rt UUd'Li{'fllll Iunds !II "UPP'~lt tltl.S ('l'''' vf"ionillg. we-re rc()u;r~, it is. hclicvr,d fund~ w!'ulcl'ile !tmde availllb]c- 1(> ASO,

~. Acftlnt!1I reportIng of 16j J:1l~tvriill l)jl I nfl .1"1'npct im-,ml"'j,;r1,!;. ,mel t .. 1.kI n~ Ul' 'III ~tl,c'k 'l!rds. IS of ull11[1~t Il1Il"or·

1111 rld,i'on~l'
~11·11\ ,'.

Allowance

Lists

II Se(tiun B nJlt'wiltnl:e list was ptepan:d (,,' Gl(,nc "1?.1 1.\",11"111011<' Itlrgel< III "IIPPI,HI I!n~' Ut!:lduJd 1I1lil {,'r ~hl pb(l.t] d 11.r hUld· h'L~'.J np~>r,1I ;OM .!W~l' I nom II It: ~'UIl~" 1ft III Utl'lity l,etlJqUll-rtt'r~, The \!tilin' Wlll!;. f!~I' slIntml made sevenl:I' SUj1$fsti(,nS fur ilJ~lili"n,
l~' "lIow1!c!1(C

tile- llum"~r (jl ILdJiuUIIS ;wil ddelH.115 "l!tb <J'larter nn tioe; HI Alll1- elMS 1M (j"·crlml.ll ~ch~duf(:!; by ~tllblli.ljng th~ A:;lO ~,lnllf';'r} n f Iteqtu rCIll~nt~. Chnllg"-~ iLl
101 "

"50

ie. makt"'g

rninirnQm

n (~>n'~I!li'ddl" Vlt It, i(C<.>p

1. 1'h"t NICO pr~ss 1'-'01 SJ-X·~,a ~nJ .l-r/;·

listS 3-S loll.owj;·

USE ~SO CATALOG

vn \VITi.!1 w fl"

a I rrmll f'rQ!!I:tIl1~. ')''t'qge ImIWn"I, "nd "tlwr !Il.clflr~ nl,,\:(_ 1h" l~sI.: difl"j,,, tl. P"rngm •• JllulI,\t Ifll~ lIne is kl'i"ng_ rwllt.; runl will ~'CItllinuli' ~IJ th'll rh<.: lwld -will lul\'C" l'l"ill'!h-dy Jirm pltlflning n;(I:(erial with wlil,h III "'Mk: ilnu
it'

spare J.1lirts r~u u-".rnenlS.

38

Re.striciea.

.ADDR~5S ON THIS

INQUIRt&S PAGE

A!lOI.lT ;OIl:DNAN:CEITEMS
IlcUIIEAU OF ORDNANCE

TO CHIFf,

Naming

of Guided M.issi.les

Apgular Rate Device Tested
III "n dforl (" Jiwt!nul,' tbc Ieasibility (,f LJsit'll!" ",1'1 rcr ,( rret' gyro SJghl or u <lu I!' ~,~d .t::YI'l> sight in " ir"t"·grow.nd Iire rontrul, the Naval l\viutiol1 Orrln~net' TCs'1 $t'Fti<Jn. Chintu'i:"'>gLJe, V"ginm. h~~ d"'''lgncJ 'Ifni constructed ., ilav iee whiCh Iyill 'prrwid~ a basis fpr t'vnl.uuting rh~ p"riufI;Il-,,,lre. uf

'I'll<" baSK d""'~lI"uun o[ gUjtl~(j rm,j.ues "11;111 be ,L t ... '(,·I"tt~r romhinarirru of the )ilret! IC'1l crs A (Air). S (~u;f,,(~,), U (l·!l1b· water) in ",hk!, the tirs! letter de><iJ;;nllt>'~ the urigifl "f tile m'55,1" (Imllhc 't'\:.",d Idlt'] J~<i;grw(es LI,~ .Jbl~ui".(. This ~"IJ\hm~ri",\ of tw(, fdl~r~ .~ha.ll Ill' r.TIII;w",c~ hI' the 'I~r· t.. r ~M" mdkl<lil)jl: "missile." F.R:lm:r1t's: AAM~A1T·Il).Air A Ul'llf-AiN"1I0CI(ET GAS 'HEAT ME4'SUREDBY :NEW FASt GAGE Mu"[,, M iJ;~j I.,'

.sudl

s.ighrs. The do;rvlc(' measures

~nguj~r

ASM-AJf,tll·Surlacie'MllisJJc U nderwuter SA M-S'~ rfMl:-tro-A ir Mi;\sih,
LI

rates ,md J\fIgulolr displnccmerns wilh rt:sp.ed to tile attacking aircraft's Jliglu path du.rin.s; the in irral ].1.135(: 1.'[ the trlr'd;in.g run. B r' ef I1', rhc g<:ll r «lOSists <1 f 1~ '11 II; l'<.j ud ,AUIil tai L pyro wrth fwo degrees (If hecdoJ11, an HhllniMteJ sigbt, Mk S, :, rt:l:ie<;lur rlu1C

Response TemperatureGage,
A
n~w t('ITIt'~rrIJUJ<; ,\!ns",

hllving .. IW1r mirror
J

l;'onlLng, tim]

ha',-ing

'<Cry f<lS!

:J

(('111111

;,111111

assemhlv IS mounted tank ",h ,dl can be transferred ,110m t;neil.inr~ft tn iU'loILwr. In upcmrirm, -th" r~lid~ ,if lhe ;i11.J.ii1;h,ucli ~i,ght, Mk If,' Is pr"jh'tt'J Upfll1 rtte rcin

cnruera, SMndn

III

'I h(' enure
It·,,ji

1,elly

JlllnG.r

1I1(l.!t which pedr1J:ms
It

tWL, flHlcl.i(lM:

rdkct'!'-tbt retidl;: I'lIttrl'n to lhe ,';\11:\('1"11 lens, jlml 11 pll;&se~ Ihc reticle p"U(;rn to [j srna IJ mirror secured to the gyrn,

I j)

eN

r~5p0r1se suitable lor 1I~~ III hot Ip,B up [(I 65(1 ft. II", heen d~veJ"p~d' 6y the No,lu! Gun :F;I,'IOf)" \'\fa~.llil!gl'(!.I1. D. C, inr IJ~~ In rO{Ket btasr research, 111',,5'<: J;agcs ~ re used tel measure the rem· pcr:ll\lt(: .,[ the g\',~~ _,urw!l11dillg the nlCh.1 flames. These h<;"Jt~d ,!P~""do no; travel In J "muoth '<>II!l"'JdU' 'I ream bllt i It a rltpi~ ~lI~U;s..,un ;If Pllff~ OF i:>llI,tii which Me re, ~]P between the r(lLkct lb'! 11Ilt! the surruunil. Illg armnsphere R~I",ble 1<'1'11perature In ea "-'II r Lng under Ih"" .. <\mdit-l\11)5 re'ltJI11:" the LI~e (,f " fMI r~liPJ .,,!W gil!!.(' h~,,,u~~ (If the f wn~ I'·nl 11;1.· [llr" ,,{ lbes(" (1uff~ and rIlL f'ld lh,ll 1'111: tnt;!.I b~min~ pcdnd "f the r\Kk~t lusts finly .t second or two. No oomrnerclallv available gli,ge ha$,l ~llffkkntlf rapid Ihe.rm~l response
l(I

ut,e- -l"·' rF~<.:t· J",s ijlM tn,UI1,h:rw'Ih.T Mi;<:;,j", LJAM-('-nd~n\',ucr·w·A,r Mi~~ik L'~M .... 1Tnde rwatrr-to-Surl nrc M ,s>;il~ SSM.-5u.f
SU.M~SI!.r[r',~ Bad, 6:, &i( de.sJ.;.:n,UIllt1 ,f1;11l bl' ftlU"Wl-U bv a service letter, "A" AJr F.)r(.!:', "G" Arm)'>

<ON" Navy

J,,<1

3

model

number

wlll.!1,

in

HIm, ,1 nd I be f"I1","'<,d Izy a mnd i£ication letter i fl1l eK~n1ie, in I lle A i, l'lH<'~: p Au' Force, uon,

hv !,roper film 1\SSe51iHlCllt, When i., uut' ill use, the, gyrI! ~~ lucked iLl its zem posi'tio!1 it ("..Ising mechunisnr which is controlled hy tlk operung or closiog of the pllJt:i~IIJi!.j' ticll1g '[fruit i'n use,
determined the system

allows tW(J d 1,IHIt't reticle )" be pll()tuj{IilpheJ nn<J IIII' deviatrnn ~Ild .0ngu b r rate uf tlX' ;ltt~ck lilt: uu(tiltt \Y1th respert I." it, tHgJ,t pruh dunn!;: r lIe 11111iill 1'1"5<: "f Iht' tmckin,!; run CrL h~ n purterns

"rl!;_~ Hr,I.!l.g~!I1COt

larcd

to

1I,~ rornplcx

cl)'lHt<llic

equIlibrium

ser

SSM·A·51> is S:"rF.I("-lf",~bd"c·~ Mi~.ik> 'rhirJ M:,~IL'l_,s"'<;<lll:tl MOlldi,lL-

Nun- Artl"r .1, r-PrlJ\'U I f lfr I"i ric! II~", the Service Letter s h a l l be rlr n p pe d , "nel 111<,' Jc:;jgh~d,on preceded by ANl;.
'-l,1

ny

c. PRliFIX L!lrnm::o. urs- of develnpment I)f

To de~lgtJHte
,L

the

rmssi II.'. I he fol.
:r,'S\;

11Iw,ng

preJi1t letter« sll.,ll he used: V-ScHlieI:'

Go p ulses PC! secon d, Since t h is Js to!) [~~t f,,)c tile eye to f<ll/ow, fi II of lile readfu llire studies ings must be p,hllf4gr,l phk~ II,y r('cord~J, EsThe nngulnr rate device d.>suiil&.I nbuve, < en t ia 1I:r thi s !<!tnpe.'l'rltu fe. gllo!l" WIlS isis e r IL W;1S designed and com,lnlcteJ hy Nt H. Wl:lSt. gdd uf VCl'y line alJt,y WttL\' .OOO} '\I<bl'$ i.1l AOC, t,J. S. Nnvy. diilrneter ",lu'-~.. re;is!al!n· change j; I'I'Dportion.al tl.> Its teLDp~talure change. ~Not BuO ...l Cmnment,....._.gpooal te.~t .:Jctivities •lnTf ~loe>o .the gag!: Iii!ve h~! fe,rome hut w hi d:. cle.'lit... too rep r-o duce thi s equi prne.nt .shouM direcf inq1Jicies IQ NAOTS Chinco. u-bo J,igh ~en";fi~jty TO:> "midi Icmpl""'lturl' chang.,,;. On<: ex p"r iH1<'a 1::1 I set lip is bcr~A teague since. Ihe limited applicarioo o[ ;this w,ilI 1:11'1111)1' I ",Icrlt}' gages. ,,<tuipm~n[ p'rcdudes Buard p"oeU'fl."tllent. d~vheJ whiM
t> "'II t

I n the tests which llilve been perfnrn1f'tl rhus far, the d~vkc "'~S giV¢h ~lIthf"(lOl'y TI:;111t~: ;lnd it i,~ believed Ih.lt it will provide \,;11 ulLblt" inf"rnu:tion In rnnnernun with

meaaure

thest

f.I_.~1tcmpCmll,lft
respond,

ftU('IU:'!'

X-£Xptrhnerlt:ll; -{)h"nJ~tc
.1S

z

11,e

1lI,1\I'

g',lgC will

a,~'u.fa[cl~

[,'

'w h~n 'I.lnventirm« I llirUil ft are empJnyed MI.s$ilt'S, thes(anddr,J nr ba&i, ain:r",ft
by th"" I~tter "urm'h."

de,i,gnnllo11. sha 11 be prefixed

"111" tt< InJl'll.te'Mls-:;de
When conv.entionlll serve as ((jnlr"Uing
nf

:!iraaft ,irE' .rnmldied \1> direujng ;I,[tc~afl for guideJ mi~~lle~'or m,s>Hc-~ifulitt. the Sb:Lnd• ~Id <:or bask ni.rc;mft designalion shdl be pre· Ij~ei.l b)'the ltcttcr "D" 10 inJimN: "DiteC!Il(. ~irmj{(."

INT~RIOIt VIEW

OF ANGULAR RATE

D,EVtCE

WHICH

PITS

IN

F:tiF TANK

ACCESS

DOOR IN DRCiPI'ABlE

lANk

WtTH ANGULAR,

DEVICE

ALONGSIDE

Resr.ridfJl~

39

LETTERS
,Iir ~~rilirr 10;1'1, rluu ;1 rl.I'U,'hl\.',,~J 1 I1~W J:O~ I !Jl Ji S~ I r,IHHnl{ Sill".,1 duld I'~ n. TIU'(~ ,n" "I;",H 2jl ,d".,d d,ild1"11 wh" ,I t~ trOiMllotkd I" !ill' [pnd dviklll ).lJ~hll ~d1Uul 1'1\' N~V\' bus, '1" cscupe the usual Jil1ilullin ~'nt"'IIIU"r".J by .{dw1.l1 hu, drjwr~. '1>11'[ Na.\~ hlt~ drill"", Gt"Or:iI~ r,1 fts, ch\cI' 111111(0'(11l.lthmi·st's rnult.. d('I',i'l'd lills hlllJ.tH' Tllj~
'>\'~tlrm. SlR;';: ~'R~

R·ockef Power. , ... , ... , , . 33 A.F Men Saved .•..•... 10 Navy Rescues AF Men, ... 11
USAF Pilots with-Fleel. , .•. 15

r

He ,1,1I~, tltd l~r "I jlr~ IW,Ilinnillj!:

nmintnined
th<' dli IJ(~n

liv Gr.1 lts,
" wnJucl

"r

trun: I<~dl ,,('[,(101 d;li 1.1 11K tcrru, On ,J dl,]c'~
;1

rtl,'rd
thl

i~ kept

(It

The ;It(,,,''P;LI1YJllg ph"II' ~t.l'W:; Llp(, ),.j A. Nall<iI1 o] NA."i DI\.I,I .."-. lixing" tll<' shoul~Irr II1Mh Hll tJ)1: ~ r,l (of uu r N,l VIII Air •
R.o'i.c"-",,ts
1'\1.1>.1")'\

in

,lnl.-tlll.g ~Ill' 1\[ "h.1

.iss] sranre

rlean.
d"ld
Tlhl ,~~

[rum $1'1,1,,,,1,, i,n h~!,in,1< thl' hit) "rd,'rly .mJ tlu, ~r,(] <II t!ll Sdl'W] ttrrn, til;;'
l"~

hcL'

g,'

IQ

,0 ,'nt!
.

hus. prrunptness

\J:I1I,j,wJ

rnun]

10 J(·<;t'iv~ a Will·

lrr the N,l~~l

fte<ICrH·.

UnL'

1,lf

tlu-

I,,,,,

IJ,~ I hi'

1.·,"'1 "I." kpOl

rlUl1,h,·,
~"
jC

,If

hi", It

r~f<·i"es

Chid Cra(l,~ .~)"t"tli VI'prkHI term that hl: Im~ fn:Wgul~I'ttl
le',ill,
\Y .•

\\,,·11 I.."
,I~UII

thi,

th d,~ ,'Jllilll",brR ~lipl""d H. 0, LilH'!'r,1:\
PI liLlC

,,{ .,11

(' jUlC'rn~.J4 U.
OHKlll
''I'll

fNFOJl.\lA'tIIJ;>I

~ AI'
~11l"

:'1l1'TH

WI.I'\'Mnl

M ~"'"

--k--

Dur ing thlt wtck I'lc(.l'liing [ill .irrivul ,II rI rt! ,- Fr~!;... lum 1 ram' u c en luntbus, Ohm. )_!J(- ~'i,yt"",k run ill u ~·Rc·<.It·J.lc~li<!n Wc·"k" Juring which th~ I"j"dl'k~ \If A'IIt'ri,"oi'll1 were ,Igam ihwught til mind, Aprf""'I11'lt~ly tl011 uJf,,~r~. t'l1Ii'<t~d 111~1l .ulel W!I~t.'. Irurn NAS COl.1 MI!I" Jlionlinl ill dl~ purude-, held un V~t~rnn~ D~r "I thi' w~ck. in "'hidl
,!~n'iU!~ and "f vetvrn P5 ,gT' 'YI"Io' j n c" ,I umbu ~ I'" rtil i [>'.rl<"L In .Iildit;.,n •• 11' 1,.. 1' i/"lh"i, WIH~h h"d

I:Llking i'"inh Wt; huvc 111 IIhtuimng \;,r1h,;lnl rC$1irvl>l, Chl% .I-~.-1~ to mlurrn rhern Ihal pJlrl1< Ij:'ut',,,,, 'lh .111 l'nli.;ll.J Ill.ln eM] lewl h' !I ,,'Jl1q,i~~ilO.I' wlu n 1m.! II ~J.(>,,,(;\In,oI f~l!U i I'''!lwnl, arc 'lI'Id, IL :1" S It" 1"1't'lll;:d lIt:rl' ,Irul IV" t"~' prJlIl.i Ilf II. I.m(!~ '11111> R"h,in,"'" l3. ,If 0.,[11..", W~~ "'~1I1-"",,,,,".d """'8" in tIw N"v,JI R~",n e. . Rut>,n~"n, II 1";110(" Ar~[i~, h;I' been made- jj rnumher of vr'-~"-i\, H, i),(, ren:jvud Iri~ II;' ..kgrn· (nun North T~:o:,I' ~l"te Tt:;KJte~' C:"lIt,!le •. iml 1" ""w !cad:tin__,; in ,I [unior hi£:h :<dmol here. During 11-,(' war I,,· served in ~ht Nl\VI' in i-lrJth dl'" C S. Mh! ~t K,tn6.lw B:,,)', H,' i~ ina "I ,('.I .In<1ilal< !"'" <lflilll "ltv"', li·/H!1I)' J-lblTQK. Cll)!.
,lip",.\: PI"III-IC ~U'S.l
rN

VR-2 Aids Elephants., , Reserve Flving ..•• , .. . l(iHyif;awk RehHns .•. , ..... Tough Pillol Tests. , ....•.. NANew5 Visits Olathe T'argel Card,er .. , .. , Navv Gun Foclory, Jef Self-Starler. Auto Pilof .... ,
Flying '. Cle .•. " ..

.. 16
•. 18 20

24 25 ,. 29
.30

.32
.33

. .. 35

THE COVER

lo(~h eed" phologrllph'''r, hid' Miller, <ousht the R60· I C",n.li I "lion 1" 0 'I~"'p <IT", b u,ing .I. JATO btoltil'e s,

RECOGNITION
(IMide Irani' Hewker

QUIZ
,"veri S-;dd"ley N 7/46, cne ,of

T"p-br;!i~h '11,-0' IMe.!

Royol NQvy ~...1 r,ghl'e!.

Ihe u''-oolhe~1 IOokin,g pion". f1yi~g .. Maximum 1"",,1 .peed ..... ,'If Over flOC)
mph, wi,th Rbi!, ~oy.ce Ai r int,g kC_:I c:lre 'i n wi 09 10 ,i"91~ bpl'h tci I, lonk. sides l'Iene e "gin e, f'O Qhi , legdin'g

1Oil M ,.'nn

N

OJ 1"1.[";1111

-*=-

~rfginB fln,d "){~<lU'! oUII"" en "I lu,el"s" in.te~d ol,n
100m

rl)llrt·s,·(II~li\'c~or .ill

illl'

[ "'''ulll like tl' bin: (h,s opportumty !II m,r.,.-t ,! ,1.(tt'ITIunt in th~ D",emb~t i~sul' 1n thf AIr !l;.c-;lI;TVe ~tati(ln 1{nllnd·lfp i in P"ll'" 21, Y' 'tJ ,'rttl,1 v l"':~ with '~ttJng '11.1
_F

Thls 'liIiy". mor.. in fu.-eJ<'>ge.

10<

fuel

been

U5t,d

hl' li1t

Il'(JIllJed

trn

111 Ill/:,

J('If,1rt-

11~l'I\1 .fm O(-bt~ ni::a __ 1{.<:1eJ'\'·('Ir~ 'niag. r"<·l'j "eo;) ,J '''~i'll,1 r:UIlI IIlI! 111Ju:~Plfl~ \'I Jill llit: ",ca· 'i,m. "l'he 1'1:;,n(>,wluch i" _,j,,,wn here, v."to r:lintl·J fl:d. whitt 1!_n_Llhlue wilh,ttu. Mid w""',hri~I"'Mttl, tilt' "frl:'~drml l'LUle." 1.1 WJ:;' '('''''eci in th,' fI~I'l1d~ 1'1, ~ "O-e;·Tri\d;,-,11101 11'.1' "~'1 we.!I rt~·t'II,,·d by Ihl- t'~unllltt,l
.1

a,11 I ;me.!- l.i",11 rn~k"t [t(;,m\ fur 11.\( AtI,jnti~ I~N rM'J(<:!. J t h.nk yml wi II nnd rha [ the r~uJ!"d w~,s 1\1,ld(~ n,'~ by v rc.(oJ. "u.l 1» \' A-"~"F or N ARTtr r-. Q!1I'W_t<: ,Hul the pl<Hl<-,
",No
TH.~hl

low~,-AI, Force. new M,Donn,,11 i~I' r.gh"e,. ih ... :XF·88. Twin i.. o,e Jo(oled I,. In wing "lol •• n in, flH pnd fH·' No"y
r.'lht.,,,, bul the eutlets "'-e under Ih e

"sed
I In

t s,

",11111>1-"

'"

tJ,,, Mlid.·

I'ln

'IJI~

jOt

,t~tw In

'ul~h:!ge ~~orl 01 the 1(111. Swepl·bock wiog.- ond '"",1 f~se"rb'Je the f,'8(j. bul
Ihol plo",~ i l> .in~le ha. iet e';"(<>QP in Ih~ en'll ne,

nO'.

IOf

!Il'. ;1' I wU~ •• .t1l111c1

1H1,i()!)1I ~1'~cU!l' 'TS.

E_ G, CoreA.", P\ III Ie l}" hl~

til" ~Igb~ I11M rnnde 111" 'rel1.m.i M ",' ere-drl ~hl'u .Id h<. ,f;.j 'H~tlO EH~. L~l'~)' "I' 1!~,rl;)·I' wi"" JNI ('v,, hllll"'L71'", fOli ,e',N" I lie hts <:..'{r~1uJ ed 011 r Jt<.'!.~ i~tsi n I Ii~ i(' r" Aigbl \\1m' Lt. JI.'k Diehl. Lt. (Ig) Dit.k
Kimh~l, I'rl.. R"hhi" R(lherl~;'T1 Lim] 1%11

PHQT-O CREDIT

I "I.,ri", Wright blp'!on" hon\jing e'l Smil h.,;mi()n I n.titulion ,eurlesy 01

¥r""" ,,'

Ih<l' "'9onl.0Iio.n,

!'-I.

C,»I\. IIII It I (I

~1 TioN A

NA

Hl1r!'t

tOLL1-~I~['S
CW'PEL H!LI~

J. N_ C

5i

1\1 rm~N"1

THE STAFF
U~ Cdr. Arlhur l. Schoel"li
fdito,'

lft.,lvfiR~11·V- 01, N(J~'nl CIROIINA

-x.....
N:AS K\'j'A),\Ll'INTI .., N,\o"Y hn~ I-ihl'l O\'cr IJn~ Buwett lsl;lncl, 10 In,mnes from, Kwai. .Ult! made it into .t recr"'JW-'I1 ,pnt. l'Ilmpktt WI1'l1 be~chc" I!l'tr g;.rdt'n, '1:tI,Ij:tt:H fnr 51) mt'n and a ['(Jill r<)Clm, R(lt'HlI~ thr~(:'· ,lnr 11h~_rIY p"Jky ill N.ATS s"e_~, 51\ Ilwn "I ~ ."M'I(: ~1"\rflling th!' f't<K" ;lndql1J~t, Wilh -n" bllt:le~ La lln.r(,,'m reg" .,NAS GIi(ISI'I' ILI'-TIll' 204 Rl'<t'I'VC re·
<:rl!lt3 <1",,' ILt1d<l~S"i '1g Jl;l', 1,3<;4' ),I,ur, .cl:';·rUlt (r:liumg

Dorothy E. Ame.$
A$.I. Edito.

Lt. Cd.r. William H. HuR
f"ohlf e' 'Ed !tor

U. Cdr" Rosalie W. Marlin
Rel'-!"",e Edilo.

U. Cdr, Andrew W. 8righl
Flight SaJely Ed;I."

or

"'I'

Ir~ in-ifll> lh(}k

JC.me5 M, Springer
".,..~ Drr,e:-CI,OI

in 'N"v,~n\b"r.

Izella Willter Robb
Pubthllod ",gnIM .. I:!r Chi,.' <11 N&~~I O""tal!oOI lo,p.,a.oj ~nd 8UI.~~ of ,.... 'ooauli"" to dl .. ~m!"~t ••• I..ly, ,",vl""I. mal"t.~ .. "~. .,ndr.doleal ,data, AI, m.If .hould b. u~.<1 if prll"jlhble. odd'"'' to, Chief or .Naval 0",.,'.110'1, NaNl1 ....~'at[oll N,..... N~~., D.p"rtm'nl, W•• hlilsrlon 25, D. C. mred to'mmtinkaflon an b. mail. 10 N.v,,, I ""Ianon N....... Room ~911. J.I.. I. N'''yR1dq., olfl~, 1.I~ph"". .01 \",,11"2., •••

S",,,,,d'on E-clilor
• The .pri n!;ins been opp"o""d Sur .. oU

0'

of 1111 pul:!llI:atl<~" ha. .. b~ th.. Dir'e<!or or th. :Budget, 2a Apr:jj 1945.

lhe

40

JET HERE TO STAY

ow lhl1l the :u rplane rs here to st~y. you JUJght do well to famihurize yourself with these sleek ·peedster:.. YOII mily be seeing 'ern. An noers appear on last page.

.~ Can't Imagine What I'd Do Without My, No A. Neu»;

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