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Diesel Power Plant

Diesel Power Plant

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Published by: spj99696649148 on Nov 03, 2011
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11/26/2012

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Diesel Power Plant

radio stations.Unit III – Power plant engineering Diesel power plant  Introduction:  Diesel power plants produce power in the range of 2 to 50 MW.  They are suitable for mobile power generation and widely used in railways and ships.  They are used as standby sets for continuity of supply such as hospitals. telephone exchanges. 2 . cinema theatres and industries.

Layout of a Diesel power plant 3 .

 Because of the high temperature and pressure of the compressed air. the fuel ignites. The air required for the diesel engine is drawn through the air filter from the atmosphere and compressed inside the cylinder. Diesel engine :  Diesel engine is a compression ignition(CI) engine. The two –stroke cycle engine is more favoured for diesel power plants. The fuel(diesel) from the diesel engine is drawn through a filter from the all day tank and injected into the cylinder through fuel injectors.Layout of a Diesel power plant… 1. 4 .

2.  This movement of the piston rotates a flywheel and the engine is directly coupled to electric generator.Layout of a Diesel power plant… Diesel engine… The fuel burns and the burnt gases expand to do work on the moving part inside the cylinder called piston. 1.  The gases after expansion inside the cylinder is exhausted into the atmosphere and passes through a silencer in order to reduce the noise. The engine is started from cold condition with the help of an air compressor.  5 . Starting system:  Diesel engine used in diesel power plants is not self starting.

Fuel supply system:  Fuel from the storage tank is pumped through a filter into a smaller tank called all day tank. Air intake system :  The air required for the combustion of fuel inside the diesel engine cylinder is drawn through the air filter. 6 . 4. This tank supplies the daily requirements of the diesel engine.  The all day tank is placed high so that the fuel flows to the engine under gravity with sufficient pressure. The purpose of the filter is to remove dust from the incoming air. The dry filter may be made of felt. In wet filter.Layout of a Diesel power plant… 3. wood or cloth. In this the air passes over a bath of oil where the dust particles get coated on the oil. oil bath is used.

The heat from the cylinder. Cooling system: The temperature of the burning fuel inside the engine cylinder is in the order of 15000C to 20000C. 7 . The hot water leaving the jacket is passed through the heat exchanger The heat from the heat exchanger is carried away by the raw water circulated through the heat exchanger and is cooled in the cooling tower. piston..Layout of a Diesel power plant… 5. The water envelopes(water jacket) the engine. In order to reduce the noise a silencer(muffler) is used. combustion chamber etc. In order to lower this temperature water is circulated around the engine. is carried by the circulating water. 6. Exhaust system: The exhaust gases coming out of the engine is very noisy.

oil pump and oil cooler. The hot oil after cooling the moving parts return to the lubricating oil tank. shafts. In the lubrication system the oil is pumped from the lubricating oil tank through the oil cooler where the oil is cooled by the cold water entering the engine.Layout of a Diesel power plant… 7. valves must be lubricated. The purpose of the lubrication system is to reduce the wear of the engine moving parts. 8    . Part of the cylinder such as piston. Lubrication also helps to cool the engine.   Lubricating system: This circuit includes lubricating oil tank.

9 . They cannot be constructed in large sizes.  High maintenance and lubrication cost.Diesel power plant…  Advantages of Diesel power plant :  It can respond to varying loads without any difficulty.  In a diesel plant noise is a serious problem.  Disadvantages of Diesel power plant :  High operating cost.  The capacity of a diesel plant is limited.  For the same capacity diesel power plant is compact and smaller than a thermal power plant.  It occupies less space.  Diesel power plants cannot supply over loads continuously where as steam power plants can work under 25% overload continuously.  Diesel power plants are more efficient than steam power plants in the range of 150 MW capacity.

Thank You 10 .

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