Bahasa pasar means "market language".

Ì guess it is the same as bahasa prokem or bahasa slank
(slang). Ìt is the language used by city people, cool people, people on yahoo chat etc. Ì have also noticed
that people in kampungs (villages) use their own slang version of their local language.

Bahasa baku means "standard language" so it is the language taught in schools and spoken by educated
people, newsreaders, polititians and tourists. The locals often make fun of tourists who use bahasa baku
as it sounds too proper to them so it is in your interest to learn a bit of slang just to keep your street cred!


Sudah lama penguasaan bahasa lnggrls men[adl pengeLahuan yang perlu dlpela[arl oleh orang lndoneslaŦ
Mulal darl Lahun 60'an hlngga sekarangţ pela[aran bahasa lnggrls men[adl subyek yang Lldak kalah
gengslnya darl pela[aran laln seperLl MaLemaLlka dan lÞAŦ 8esarnya kebuLuhan unLuk bela[ar bahasa
lnggrls Lelah membuaL pengeLahuan lnl men[adl sebuah komodlLas blsnls LersendlrlŦ Lembaga
penga[aran bahasa lnggrls swasLa pun bermunculan seperLl LlAţ !akarLa Collegeţ Cxfordţ 88Cţ lLCţ Llţ 18l
dan lalnŴlalnnyaŦ Crang Lua kemudlan seperLl berlombaŴlomba unLuk menglrlmkan anak mereka unLuk
menglkuLl kursus dl salah saLu lembaga penga[aran bahasa lnggrls yang sudah dlsebuLkan dl aLasŦ !lka
dulu anak lndonesla baru mempela[arl bahasa lnggrls pada LlngkaL SMAţ sekarang mereka memulalnya
pada LlngkaL yang leblh dlnlţ Suţ dan kalau perlu 1kŦ Cleh karena orang lndonesla maslh menganuL
budaya 1lmur yang agak LoLokţ anak Lldak boleh proLes apablla dlharuskan ayah lbunya unLuk
mempela[arl bahasa lnggrlsŦ Lucunyaţ banyak orang Lua yang mengharuskan anaknya menglkuLl kursus
bahasa aslng yang saLu lnl Lanpa mampu memberlkan saLu alasan yang [elas mengapa bahasa lnggrls lLu
penLlng bagl merekaţ serupa dengan pameo LenLang penLlngnya bela[ar maLemaLlkaŦ Anak pun bela[ar
bahasa aslng lnl hanya karena orang Luanya bllang lLu sebagal subyek yang penLlngŦ Maslh banyak orang
Lua murld yang beranggapan bahwa bahasa lnggrls dapaL membuaL seseorang sukses dalam hldupţ
mampu membuaL orang mendapaL peker[aan bagusţ mampu membuaL orang pergl ke luar negerlţ dan
lalnnyaŦ Puhţ seandalnya sa[a hldup semudah lLuŦ LewaL Lullsan lnlţ saya menyaLakan fakLor geograflţ
komunlkaslţ akses pada lnformasl men[adl Llga alasan yang masuk dl akal dl ballk perlunya bela[ar
bahasa lnggrls bagl orang lndoneslaŦ

ÞerLamaţ lndonesla dlkellllngl oleh negaraŴnegara yang kebanyakan penduduknya menggunakan bahasa
lnggrls sebagal bahasa perLama aLau keduaŦ negaraŴnegara LersebuL adalah Slngapuraţ Malayslaţ
llllplnaţ AusLrallaţ Selandla 8aruţ dan Þapua nuglnlŦ Selaln dl negara lnlţ dlmana lagl slh ada orang yang
menggunakan bahasa lndonesla sebagal bahasa lbu? 8ahasa Melayu dan lndonesla memang maslh
bersaudara Lapl belum LenLu orangŴorang darl Malaysla dan lndonesla sallng memahaml saLu sama
lalnnya saaL berblcara dengan bahasa maslngŴmaslngŦ ?ang menguasal bahasa lndonesla dl Slngapura
sa[a Lldak banyak apalagl dl AusLrallaţ Þapua nuglnlţ aLau llllplnaŦ lakLor geografls men[adl alasan
perLama mengapa orang lndonesla perlu mempela[arl bahasa lnggrlsŦ Apablla suaLu saaL nanLl seorang
Wnl beperglan ke salah saLu negara yang dlsebuLkan dl aLasţ bekal pengeLahuan bahasa lnggrls akan
mempermudah orang lLu dalam berkomunlkasl dengan warga negara seLempaLŦ Pal lnl [uga Ler[adl dl
negara 8elandaŦ ul sanaţ murldŴmurld pada LlngkaL SMA memang dlan[urkan mempela[arl dan
menguasal bahasa aslng menglngaL bahasa 8elanda Lldak dlpakal oleh negara dl sekellllngnyaŦ !erman
memakal bahasanya sendlrlŦ 8elgla memakal ÞeranclsŦ ul seberang selaLţ ada negara lnggrlsŦ

Alasan kedua dan pallng umumţ bahasa lnggrls perlu dlpela[arl karena penggunaan luasnya sebagal
bahasa komunlkasl lnLernaslonalŦ Agar dapaL melakukan komunlkasl dengan orangŴorang yang berbeda
laLar belakang budaya dan kenegaraanţ bahasa lnggrls men[adl plllhan uLama yang serlng dlpakal dalam
melakukan komunlkaslŦ ConLoh yang mudah dlllhaL ada dl dunla parlwlsaLaŦ Þara wlsaLawan yang
melakukan per[alanan dl negara aslng lazlm menggunakan bahasa lnggrls unLuk dapaL berkomunlkasl
dengan warga negara asll yang dlkun[unglnyaŦ 8ukan hanya penuLur [aLl bahasa lnggrlsţ wlsLawan yang
Lldak menggunakan bahasa lnggrls sebagal bahasa lbu [uga memlllh bahasa lnggrls sebagal llngua francaŴ
nyaŦ Crang !epang yang melancong ke lndoneslaţ menggunakan bahasa lnggrls apablla dla hendak
menanyakan sesuaLu pada orang perLama yang dlLemulnya dl [alanŦ WlsaLawan lndonesla yang ber[alanŴ
[alan dl Þarls akan sangaL senang sekall apablla berLemu dengan penduduk seLempa yang menguasal
bahasa lnggrls unLuk dlmlnLal banLuannyaŦ !uga kecll kemungklnannya ada orang lLalla yang beranl
berwlsaLa ke lndla Lanpa memlllkl bekal bahasa lnggrls yang memadalŦ 8ahasa lnggrls [uga men[adl
bahasa penganLar resml dalam dunla LransporLasl udara dan lauLŦ ÞlloL pesawaLţ apapun
kewarganegaraanyaţ dllaLlh unLuk menguasal bahasa lnggrls agar dapaL berkomunlkasl dengan plhak
menara pengawas bandara yang men[adl Lu[uan pesawaL yang dlLerbangkannyaŦ Apakah dla
menerbangkan pesawaL dl Asla aLau dl Afrlkaţ dla harus berkomunlkasl dalam bahasa lnggrlsŦ 8eglLu
pula plhak menara pengawas bandara pun harus mahlr berblcara dalam bahasa lnggrlsţ karena pesawaL
yang mendaraL dl bandara Lldak hanya daLang darl saLu negara Lapl [uga manca negaraŦ 1ldak blsa
dlbayangkan rupanya apablla para plloL dan peLugas menara pengendall harus menguasal seluruh
bahasa dl dunla lnlŦ Sama halnya dengan dunla pelayaranţ bahasa lnggrls adalah bahasa komunlkasl
resmlŦ Þara peLugas pelabuhan yang mengendallkan slLuasl akan selalu berhadapan dengan kedaLangan
kapalŴkapal aslngŦ Agar komunlkasl lancarţ peLugas dan Syahbandar harus mampu berblcara dalam
bahasa lnggrls dengan kapal yang mana nahkodanya daLang darl Amerlkaţ 8uslaţ Þeranclsţ Afrlka
SelaLanţ koreaţ aLaupun kepulauan SalomonŦ Agar urusan peker[aan lancarţ para pelauL dan peLugas
pelabuhan musLl menggunakan saLu bahasa yang umum dan neLralŦ

lnformasl yang berslkulasl dl dunla lnl kebanyakan dlLerblLkan dalam bahasa lnggrlsŦ 8ukuŴbuku banyak
yang dlLerblLkan dalam bahasa lnggrlsŦ 1ldak soal slapa yang menerblLkannyaţ yang pasLl unLuk
memperoleh pasar yang luas banyak penerblL menerblLkan bacaan dalam bahasa lnggrlsŦ Ma[alah besar
seperLl newsweekţ 1lmeţ vogueţ 8azaarţ Þeopleţ Llfeţ naLlonal Ceographlcţ MacWorld dll dlLulls dan
dlLerblLkan dalam bahasa lnggrlsŦ koran seperLl WashlngLon ÞosLţ new ?ork 1lmesţ Wall SLreeL !ournalţ
dan Sun [uga LerblL dengan bahasa lnggrlsŦ 8ukuŴbuku llmlah pun LerblL dalam bahasa lnggrlsŦ Apablla
ada bahan bacaan yang LerblL dalam bahasa nonŴlnggrlsţ maka Ler[emahan bahasa lnggrls pun pasLl
langsung dlbuaL dan dlpasarkanŦ WebslLe populer dl dunla lnLerneL leblh banyak menggunakan bahasa
lnggrls sebagal penganLar unLuk arLlkel dl dalamnyaţ llhaL sa[a ?ahooţ Coogleţ Wlklpedlaţ Amazonţ
?ou1ubeţ dan 8euLersŦ Acara Lelevlsl populer dl seluruh dunlaŴŴl1ţ MoLoCÞţ World Cupţ Champlonsţ
Amerlcan ldolţ 24ţ CSlţ MacCyverţ dllŴŴdlsa[lkan dengan bahasa penganLar lnggrlsŦ SLaslun Lelevlsl
Lerkenal dl dunla [uga dlslarkan dalam bahasa lnggrlsŴŴCnnţ 88Cţ n8Cţ ulscoveryţ naLlonal Ceographlcţ
Anlmal ÞlaneLţ LSÞnţ P8Cţ dan maslh banyak lalnnyaŦ !urnal llmlah yang berslrkulasl dl anLara
unlverslLas ellL dunla [uga LerceLak dalam bahasa lnggrlsŦ 8ahan referensl yang Lersedla dl unlverslLasŴ
unlverslLas dl lndonesla pun secara Lldak langsung mengharuskan mahaslswa unLuk memlllkl bekal
pengeLahuan bahasa lnggrlsŦ Apapun mlnaL Andaţ lnformasl yang Lersedla dl seklLar Anda saaL lnl
mensyaraLakan pengeLahuan bahasa lnggrls yang akan sangaL membanLu dalam menambah
pengeLahuan dan memperluas wawasanŦ keLrampllan bahasa lnggrls yang dlmlllkl seseorang akan
menolong dla unLuk mengakses halŴhal yang selama lnl Lldak ada dl dalam bacaanŴbacaan yang LerblL dl
lndoneslaŦ karena lLuţ kemampuan berbahasa lnggrls akan memudahkan orang lndonesla unLuk
mengembangkan wawasan pengeLahuannya dengan memberlkan akses pada pengeLahuan yang ada dl
luar lndoneslaŦ

8erdasarkan keLlga alasan dl aLasţ pengeLahuan bahasa lnggrls unLuk perkembangan seorang lndlvldu dl
negara lndonesla men[adl suaLu hal yang Lldak LerelakanŦ Suka Lldak sukaţ subyek yang saLu lnl men[adl
hal yang perlu dlpela[arl oleh seLlap orang lndoneslaŦ 8larpun Anda Lldak yakln akan mendapaL
kesempaLan unLuk ke keluar negerlţ pengeLahuan lnl LeLap dlperlukan [ugaŦ Mlnlmalţ Anda Lldak perlu
LerbengongŴbengong keLlka menonLon slaran berlLa Cnn lanLaran Lldak ada Ler[emahan dl baglan bawah
layar Lelevlsl aLau blngung saaL membaca buku manual penggunaan alaL elekLronlk yang hanya LerceLak
dalam bahasa lnggrlsŦ


astery of English has long become the knowledge to be learned by the people of
Ìndonesia. Starting from the year 60'an until now, learning English has become the
subject of no less dignity than other subjects such as athematics and
Science.agnitude of the need to learn English has made this knowledge into a
commodity business in itself. Private English language teaching institutions were
springing up like LÌA, Jakarta College, Oxford, the BBC, ÌEC, EF, TBÌ and
others. Parents then like vying to send their children to attend courses at one of English
language teaching institutions already mentioned above. Ìf Ìndonesia had a new child to
learn English at high school level, now they start at a more early, SD, and if necessary
TK.Because of Ìndonesia still adhered to a rather full-blooded Eastern culture, the child
should not protest when his parents are required to learn English. Funny thing is, many
parents require their children to follow a foreign language course of this one without
being able to give a clear reason why the English language was important to them,
similar to the proverb about the importance of learning mathematics. Children also learn
a foreign language is simply because the parents say it's as important subjects. There
are still many parents who think that English can make a person successful in life, able
to make people get a good job, able to make people go abroad, and others. Huh, if only
life were that easy. Through this paper, Ì state the factors of geography,
communications, access to information to be three plausible reasons behind the
necessity of learning English for the people of Ìndonesia.

First, Ìndonesia is surrounded by countries that predominantly use English as their first
or second. These countries include Singapore, alaysia, Philippines, Australia, New
Zealand, and Papua New Guinea. Ìn addition in this country, where again there are still
people who use the Ìndonesian language as their mother tongue? Bahasa elayu and
Ìndonesia are still brothers, but not necessarily those of alaysia and Ìndonesia
understand each other when talking to each other's language. The mastering of
Ìndonesian in Singapore is not much especially in Australia, Papua New Guinea or the
Philippines. Geographical factors became the first reason why people need to learn
English Ìndonesia. Ìf one day a citizen to travel to one of the countries mentioned
above, sufficient knowledge of English that will allow people to communicate with local
citizens. This also happens in The Netherlands. There, the students at the high school
level are encouraged to learn and master a foreign language since the Dutch language
is not used by the nations around him. Germany using his own language. Belgium
France wear. Across the strait, there is the British state.

The second and most common, the English language should be studied because of the
use of breadth as the language of international communication. To be able to
communicate with people of different cultural backgrounds and nationalities, English
has become the main option that is often used in communication. Examples are easily
seen in the world of tourism. The tourists who travel in foreign countries commonly use
English to communicate with native citizens he visited. Not only speakers of English
identity, tourists who do not use English as their mother tongue also choose English as
the lingua franca of his. Japanese people who traveled to Ìndonesia, using the English
language when he was about to ask you something first person he met on the
road. Ìndonesian tourists who walk the streets of Paris would be very happy if your Site
meeting with residents who speak English to be asked for his help. There are also less
likely to Ìtalians who dared travel to Ìndia without having an adequate stock of
English. English also became the official language of instruction in the world of air and
sea transport. Pilot a plane, any kewarganegaraanya, trained to master the English
language to communicate with the airport control tower which is the goal
diterbangkannya aircraft. Ìs he flying in Asia or in Africa, he had to communicate in
English. Similarly, the airport control tower must also be adept at speaking English,
because the plane that landed at the airport not only come from one country but also
abroad. Unable to imagine it seems as if the pilot and control tower personnel must
master all the languages in the world. Similar to cruise the world, English is the
language of official communication. The port officials who control the situation will
always be confronted with the arrival of foreign vessels. Ìn order to smooth
communication, and Syahbandar officer must be able to speak English with
nahkodanya ship which came from America, Russia, France, South Africa, Korea, or the
Solomon Ìslands. Ìn order for work smoothly, the sailors and port workers must use a
common language and neutral.

The information circulating in the world is mostly published in English. any books
published in English. No matter who published it, which is sure to gain broad market a
lot of publishers publishing literature in English. ajor magazines such as Newsweek,
Time, Vogue, Bazaar, People, Life, National Geographic, etc. acWorld written and
published in English.Newspapers like the Washington Post, the New York Times, Wall
Street Journal, and Sun also published in English. Scientific books were published in
English. Ìf there is any reading material published in non-English languages, the English
translation also must immediately be made and marketed. Popular websites in the
internet world more use of English as an introduction to an article in it, just look at
Yahoo, Google, Wikipedia, Amazon, YouTube, and Reuters. Popular television shows
around the world - F1, otoGP, World Cup, Champions, American Ìdol, 24, CSÌ,
acGyver, etc. - are presented with English language instruction. Television stations
also broadcast world-renowned in English - CNN, BBC, NBC, Discovery, National
Geographic, Animal Planet, ESPN, HBO, and many others. Scientific journal that
circulates among the world's elite universities are also printed in English. Reference
materials are available at universities in Ìndonesia even indirectly require students to
have sufficient knowledge of English. Whatever your interest, the information available
around you at this time require that the knowledge of English which will greatly assist in
increasing knowledge and broaden your horizons. English language skills a person has
will help him to access things that are so far not in the readings published in
Ìndonesia. Therefore, English language skills will help people of Ìndonesia to develop
insight knowledge by providing access to knowledge that exist outside of Ìndonesia.

Based on the three reasons above, knowledge of English to the development of an
individual in the country of Ìndonesia to be an inevitable thing. Like it or not, this one
being the subject to be learned by everyone Ìndonesia. Even if you are not sure will get
a chance to go abroad, this knowledge is still needed as well. At a minimum, you need
not stunned when watching CNN news because there is no translation at the bottom of
television screens or confused while reading the manual use of electronic tools that are
only printed in English.

 – €  .

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