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Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry and Modern Mathematics
A collection of 50 very important formulae for Quantitative Ability Section of CAT from the pioneers of online CAT training
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For two numbers a and b,
3. Percentage Change
For two successive changes of a% and b%,
Amount = Principal + Interest © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved. 1
P’ = final value after n years. Depreciation Formula [Here. A. = Compound Annual Growth Rate] 8. = Simple Annual Growth Rate. G. S. R. R. G. = Average Annual Growth Rate and C. A. Ltd.5. Growth Absolute Growth = Final Value – Initial Value [Here. 2 . P’ = population after n years. P = Original population. r% = rate of annual change] 6. All rights reserved. P = original value. A. Population Formula [Here. Profit and Loss Profit = SP − CP Loss = CP − SP © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. G. r% = rate of annual depreciation] 7. R. A.
Ltd. then the overall percentage profit is given by 10. x are bought and articles worth Rs. then a : b = c : d = (a + c) : (b + d) If a < b. then for a positive quantity x. then 11. using false weights. All rights reserved. 3 . y are obtained free along with x articles. Ratios If a : b = c : d.9. Discount Discount = Marked Price − Selling Price Buy x and Get y Free If articles worth Rs. False Weights If an item is claimed to be sold at cost price. then the discount is equal to y and discount percentage is given by Successive Discounts When a discount of a% is followed by another discount of b%. © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.
12. y is the quantity that is replaced and n is the number of times the replacement process is carried out. 4 . © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Proportions 13. Ltd. All rights reserved. then for a positive quantity x. Successive Replacement Where x is the original quantity.If a > b.
Average Speed If the distance is constant. Time. All rights reserved. Speed and Distance Important Conversion Factors: 16. 5 .14. then average speed is given by harmonic mean of two speeds: © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Alligation Rule The ratio of the weights of the two items mixed will be inversely proportional to the deviation of attributes of these two items from the average attribute of the resultant mixture. Alligation Cross: 15. Ltd.
F. Ltd. 6 .M. The greatest natural number that will divide x. All rights reserved. H.C. and L. of (x.F. Application of L. Application of H. (y − r2) and (z − r3) 20.C. of (x − r1). y and z) + r 21.M.If the time is constant.C.M. y and z leaving the same remainder r in each case is the L.C.C. y and z leaving remainders r1.F. The smallest natural number that is divisible by x. is the H. Time and Work 19. respectively. of Fractions © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.C. Relative Speed For Trains For Boats and Streams 18. then average speed is given by arithmetic mean of two speeds: 17. r2 and r3.
All rights reserved. Ltd. 7 . Laws of Indices If a and b are non-zero rational numbers and m and n are rational numbers.22. Properties of Surds 23. then © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.
8 . Roots of Quadratic Equation The two roots of the quadratic equation. ax2 + bx + c = 0 are given by: © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. All rights reserved. then according to the binomial theorem: 26. Binomial Theorem If n is a natural number that is greater than or equal to 2.24. Laws of Logarithms 25. Ltd.
Geometric Progression 30. 9 . Ltd. All rights reserved.27. Algebraic Formulae (a + b) (a − b) = a2 − b2 (a + b)2 = a2 + 2ab + b2 (a − b)2 = a2 − 2ab + b2 (a + b + c)2 = a2 + b2 + c2 + 2ab + 2bc + 2ca (a + b)3 = a3 + 3a2b + 3ab2 + b3 (a − b)3 = a3 − 3a2b + 3ab2 − b3 a3 + b3 = (a + b)(a2 − ab + b2) a3 − b3 = (a − b)(a2 + ab + b2) 28. Arithmetic Progression 29. Harmonic Progression © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.
Ltd. Factorial n! = 1 × 2 × 3 × … × (n − 1) × n n! = n × (n − 1)! 33. Combinations Important Properties: © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. All rights reserved. 10 . Sum of Important Series Sum of first n natural numbers Sum of the squares of the first n natural numbers Sum of the cubes of the first n natural numbers 32. Permutations 34.31.
35. Partition Rule Number of ways of distributing n identical things among r persons when each person may get any number of things = 36. 11 . Ltd. All rights reserved. Probability 37. Pythagoras Theorem For right triangle ABC © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.
12 .For acute triangle ABC For obtuse triangle ABC © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. All rights reserved. Ltd.
13 .38. Area of Triangle When lengths of the sides are given When lengths of the base and altitude are given © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.
When lengths of two sides and the included angle are given For Equilateral Triangle © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. 14 . Ltd. All rights reserved.
Apollonius Theorem If AD is the median. All rights reserved. then: AB2 + AC2 = 2(AD2 + BD2) © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. 15 . Ltd.For Isosceles Triangle 39.
40. then: 41. All rights reserved. 16 . Ltd. Area of Quadrilateral For Cyclic Quadrilateral If lengths of one diagonal and two offsets are given © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Angle Bisector Theorem If AD is the angle bisector for angle A.
17 . All rights reserved. Ltd.If lengths of two diagonals and the included angle are given For Trapezium For Parallelogram © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.
For Rhombus For Rectangle For Square © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. All rights reserved. 18 . Ltd.
Polygons Number of Diagonals The sum of all the interior angles The sum of all the exterior angles 43. Area of Regular Hexagon © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd. 19 .42. All rights reserved.
Perimeter of Sector © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Circle Circumference Area Length of Arc Area of Sector Or.44. All rights reserved. 20 . Ltd.
21 . if P is the length of perpendicular. H is the length of hypotenuse and © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Perimeter of the ellipse Area of the ellipse 46.45. Ltd. Ellipse If semi-major axis (OD) = a and semi-minor axis (OA) = b. All rights reserved. B is the length of base. Trigonometric Ratios is the angle between base and hypotenuse. For a right triangle.
S. Ltd.) = Perimeter of base × height Total Surface Area (T. + 2 × Area of base Volume (V) = Area of base × height © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.A.) = L.S. Distance between Points Distance between two points A (x1.47.A.A. y2) is given by 48.S. All rights reserved. y1) and B (x2. 22 . Right Prism Lateral Surface Area (L.
A.A.A.S. 23 . = 6a2 Volume (V) = a3 © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.Cuboid L.A. = 2(lh + bh + lb) Volume (V) = lbh Cube L.S. = 4a2 T. Ltd. All rights reserved.S.S. = 2(lh + bh) T.
S.A.Cylinder Curved Surface Area (C.S. 24 .A. = L. All rights reserved. = 2πrh + 2πr2 Volume (V) = πr2h 49. Ltd.) = 2πrh T.A. + Area of base © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.A.S.S. Right Pyramid T.
25 . Ltd. All rights reserved.A.S.S. = πrl T. = πrl + πr2 Frustum of a cone © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.A.Cone C.
= 4πr2 T. All rights reserved.S.A. = 2πr2 T. = 3πr2 © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.50.S.A.A. = 4πr2 Hemisphere C. 26 .A.S. Ltd. Sphere C.S.
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