LAPTOP PROTECTOR

PRESENTED BY
 AKASH

DEEP  ABHISHEK PORWAL  NISHANT SINGH  RAMESH KUMAR SHUKLA
EC –VII B 4TH YEAR

TOPICS TO BE COVERED      INTRODUCTION COMPONENTS USED CIRCUIT EXPLANATION ADVANTAGES PRECAUTIONS  CONCLUSION .

TO OVERCOME THIS KIND OF STEELING A LAPTOP PROTECTOR IS REALISED. SO IT HAS BECOME EASIER FOR THEFT TO STEEL OUR VALUABLE LAPTOP. .NOW-A-DAYS DESKTOP HAS BEEN REPLACED BY LAPTOP WHICH IS A DEFORMED FORM.WHICH WILL PROTECT BY ITS MINIATURE ALARM.

COMPONENTS USED i) RESISTORS:  RESISTORS ARE THE ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS WHICH OPPOSES CURRENT.   RESISTORS OBEY OHM’S LAW. . DIFFERENT KIND OF RESULT COMES WITH RESPECT TO APPLICATION OF VARIOUS VOLTAGES.

 THE A . 47microF 25V CAPACITOR IS USED.ii) CAPACITORS: A CAPACITOR IS AN ELECTRICAL OR ELECTRONICS DEVICE THAT CAN STORE ENERGY THE ELECTRIC FIELD BETWEEN A PAIR OF CONDUCTORS. PROCESS OF STORING ENERGY IS CALLED ‘CHARGING’.

- .  IC TLO71(IC1):IC1 IS USED AS VOLTAGE COMAPARATOR. HERE TWO ANALOG DESIGNED IC’S ARE USED. - IC CD4538(IC2):IC2 IS USED AS A MONOSTABLE WITH TIMING ELEMENTS R5 AND C1.iii) INTEGRATED CIRCUITS:  IT CONSISTS OF MINIATURIZED ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS BUILT INTO AN ELECTRICAL NETWORK.

iv) DIODE:  IN DIODES CURRENT IS DIRECTLY RELATED TO VOLTAGE.TWO TERMINAL. v) BATTERY:  A 9V BATTERY IS USED . PASSIVE ELECTRICAL DEVICES. DIODES ARE NON-LINEAR.   A 1 JUNCTION DIODE (1N4148) IS USED IN THIS CIRCUIT.

vi) TRANSISTOR:  TRANSISTOR AMPLIFY CURRENT AND VOLTAGE. IT MAY BE USED AS SWITCH. .   A PNP TRANSISTOR BC558(T1) IS USED IN THIS CIRCUIT.

THE USER CAN USE THE SWITCH AS PER HIS REQUIREMENTS.  . IN TILT SWITCH 2/3RD OF THE BOTTLE IS FILLED WITH WATER SUCH THAT THE WATER CANNOT MAKE CONTACT WITH THE PINS.  b) ON/OFF SWITCH:  A ON/OFF SWITCH OF 3A IS USED.vii) SWITCHES: a ) TILT SWITCH:  A TILT SWITCH IS MADE UP OF PLASTIC BOTTLE WITH TWO STAINLESS PINS AS CONTACT OR PROBES.

 USERS ix) PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD:  ALL THE ABOVE EQUIPMENTS ARE MOUNTED ON THE GENERAL PURPOSE PCB. CAN USE ANY BUZZER AS PER THEIR CONVINIENCE.viii) PIEZO BUZZER: A PIEZO-BUZZER IS USED AS AN ALARM. .

• . WATER INSIDE THE TILT SWITCH EFFECTIVELY SHORTS THE CONTACTS. IN THIS POSITION. WHEN SOMEONE TRIES TO TAKE THE LAPTOP CASE. SO THE OUTPUT OF IC1 REMAINS LOW . THE ALARM GENERATOR REMAINS SILENT IN THE STAND BY MODE AS TIGGER PIN 5 OF IC2 IS LOW. THE UNIT TAKES THE VERTICAL POSITION & THE TILT SWITCH BREAKS THE ELECTRICAL CONTACT BETWEEN THE PROBES. IMMEDIATELY THE OUTPUT OF IC1 BECOMES HIGH & MONOSTABLE IC2 IS TRIGGERED. THE LOW OUTPUT OF IC2 TRIGGERS THE pnp TRANSISTOR(T1) & THE BUZZER STARTS BEEPING.CIRCUIT EXPLANATION • THE UNIT IS INSIDE THE LAPTOP CASE IN HORIZONTAL POSITION.

CLEANLINESS: It is clean as it doesn’t produce fume or poisonous gas. 2. 3. . AVAILABILITY: All equipments used in this circuit are easily available in the market. 4. CHEAPNESS: It is affordable for general use.ADVANTAGES 1. EASY CONSTRUCTION: It is easy to construct for a person who has general idea about circuitry elements.

 BEFORE LEAVING THE LAPTOP THE USER SHOULD CONSIOUSLY ON THE SWITCH.PRECAUTIONS  THERE SHOULD BE NO LEAKAGE IN TILT SWITCH. .

LAPTOP IS NOW PROTECTED. KEEP THE LAPTOP CASE IN HORIZONTAL POSITION & SWITCH ON THE UNIT.IT SHOULD BE PROTECTED. SO.CONCLUSION THE LAPTOP PERFORMS DIFFERENT TASK IN DAY-TO-DAY LIFE. .

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