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Ontology and Web Ontology

http://slisnet.skku.ac.kr/~ymko
Email: ymko@skku.ac.kr
SungKyunKwan University

Young Man Ko

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()

'ontoligia' , 'on(/ )'


'logos()' J.
(16221665)

( ) ,

(Ontisch Wahrheit)

: ( )
(1972)

SungKyunKwan University

Young Man Ko

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==

(, , )

Symbolized

(, , )

Refers to

Stands for

: , , , Tree, Baum

(, )
: ==

(Ontology)

() ,



:

SungKyunKwan University

Young Man Ko

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() ,

: ( )
: (Semantic Net Ontology)
(Knowledge Representation)

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Young Man Ko

(1/3)

(Thesaurus)

(Semantic Network)

,
(network)
, ,
(diagrammatic representation)

(computational representation)

( ) + =>

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Young Man Ko

(1-1/3)

()

(2004)
SungKyunKwan University

Young Man Ko

(2/3)

()
,

postal code zip code DB
postal code zip code /

MARC,
(MDR)

(XMDR)

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Young Man Ko

(3/3)

1999, Tim Berners-Lee (W3C)


2001 2 Semantic Web Activity

(Semantic)

()

,

(XML RDF, DAML+OIL, OWL, Topic Map )


:

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Young Man Ko

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Proof
Logic

Data

Ontology Vocabulary

Selfdesc,
doc...

RDF + RDF Schema

Digital Signature

Trust

Rules
Data

XML + NS + XML Schema


Unicode

URI

- W3C (, 2004)
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- XML

HTML XML

HTML

XML

DTD XML
.


XML ( ; )
<date>12/03/59</date>
<date>
<day>12</day>
<month>03</month>
<year>59</year>
</date>

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- RDF

XML RDF

XML

RDF

XML

XML
XML

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Young Man Ko

(4/7)

XML

RDF ,
- (2004)


XML

OWL
OIL

XOL

SHOE

OML

DAML+OIL
RDF(S)

XOL(Xml-based Ontology Exchange Language)

RDF(Resource Description Framework)

SHOE(Simple HTML Ontology Extension)

DAML(DARPA Agent Markup Language)

OML(Ontology Markup Language)

OIL(Ontology Inference Layer)


OWL(Ontology Web Language)

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Young Man Ko

(5/7)
Logical Layer
- Formal Semantics
- Reasoning support
- Heavyweight ontologies

Schema Layer
- Definition of Vocabulary
- Lightweight ontologies

Data Layer
- Simple data model
and syntax For metadata
- RDF : Instances

Higher
Semantics

DAML+OIL, OWL

Semantics

RDF Schema

Structure
& Syntax

RDF
XML Schema

- (2002)
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XML RDF

()

()

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(7/7)

W3C

RDF

DAML-OIL (DARPA Agent Markup Language-Ontology


Interface Layer)

OWL

ISO/IEC

Topic Maps

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(1/3)

(Linguistic Ontology)

,
CYC , EDR, WordNet

(Axiomatized Ontology)

, ,


+ (semantic net) => (?)

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Young Man Ko

(1-1/3) (CYC)

J.F. Sowa (2001)


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(1-2/3)
FORALL X, Y
X : Researcher[cooperate With->>Y]<->
Y : Researcher[cooperate With->>X].
FORALL X,Y
X : Person[Publication->>Y]<->
Y : Publication[author->>X].
FORALL X,Y
X : Person[editor->>Y]<->
Y : Publication[editor->>X].
FORALL X,Y
X : PhDStudent[supervisor->>Y]<->
Y : AcademicStaff[supervises->>].
FORALL X,Y
X : JournalArtical[journal->>Y]<->
Y : Journal[containsArticle->>X].

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Young Man Ko

(2/3)

(generic or common-sense ontology)

, , ,

CYC

http://www.opencyc.org/

EDR http://www.iijnet.or.jp/edr/, http://www2.nict.go.jp/kk/e416/EDR/index.html


WordNet

http://wordnet.princeton.edu/

(domain ontology)

()

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(3/3)

(representational ontology)

(domain) ,
, (entity)

(method/task ontology)

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Young Man Ko

- (2004)

Ontology

Web Ontology

,
,

Semantic Web, E-Commerce,


Agent, Web Service

Web Ontology Language


(RDF, DAML+OIL, OWL, Topic Maps)

, (),


, ,

WordNet, CYC, UMLS, EDR,


Lexical FreeNet, ETRI CoNet


( )

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Young Man Ko


, 2002. : . ZDNet Korea,
2002.4.10.
<http://www03.zdnet.co.kr/techupdate/trend/0,39024505,10047655-8,00.htm>

, 2004. . ,
, 2004. 2. 13.
, 1972. . ; .
, 2003. . ,
, 2004. 2.13.
Capurro, Rafael, 2002. Beitrge zu einer digitalen Ontologie
<http://www.capurro.de/digont.htm>

Sowa, John F. 2001. Building, Sharing, and Merging Ontologies.


<http://www.jfwowa.com/ontology/ontoshar.htm>

W3C, 2004. OWL Web Ontology Language Overview, W3C Recommendation 10


February 2004.
<http://www.w3.org/TR/owl-features/>

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