Kjeltec 1002 System Distilling Unit User Manual 1000 1535 / Rev. 2.

3

1002001A

Copyright 2003 / All rights reserved FOSS Tecator AB, Box 70, SE-26321 Höganäs, Sweden Tel Int +46 42 361500, Fax +46 42 343150

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1002 Kjeltecä System, User Manual, Rev. 2.3, Part no 1000 1535, FOSS Tecator AB, Sweden

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Sweden . Part no 1000 1535. 2. De informatie staat in de gouden gids. User Manual. Rev. Português O texto sobre as informações de segurança está escrito neste estilo e traduzido na língua local (EU/EES). Informasjonen finnes på de gule sidene.Nederlands 1 1 1 1 1 De tekst inzake veiligheidsvoorschriften is in het opgesteld en wordt in het Nederlands vertaald. Tiedot löytyvät keltaisilta sivuilta. FOSS Tecator AB. Norsk Tekst som gjelder sikkerhetsinformasjon er skrevet med denne stilen og er oversatt til lokalt språk (EU/EES). 1002 Kjeltecä System. Svenska Text som har med säkerhet att göra är skriven med denna stil och är översatt till lokalt språk (EU/EES). Informationen hittas på de gula sidorna. As informações encontram-se nas páginas amarelas. Suomeksi Turvallisuuteen liittyvät tiedot on kirjoitettu tällä tyylillä ja käännetty paikalliselle kielelle (EU/EES).3.

...............................3 FUNCTION Principle of Operation .......7 Fuses .................1 3.3 3 3............3.........................1 Safety Precautions .....1............................10 6 1002 Kjeltecä System............................... Part no 1000 1535.........................1 4..............................11 Cleaning Cycle .............................Table of Contents 1 1............1 6..............3 6....................4 6.....11 6.....................................5 4 4..........................13 Cleaning of the Steam Generator .......2 6......................1 4..........................................................8 5 5..............................................................3..4 Steam Generation ..................7 Weekly ..............................................3 4.....3 6.......12 Controlling the Alkali Volume ...... FOSS Tecator AB......................................................................................2 4.......................................................................................1 5.........................................14 Every Year ............................. Sweden MAINTENANCE Daily.............................................2 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS AND PROCEDURES Intended Use .................................11 Rubber Adapter ......................9 Closing Down ......................................................6 6........................3 6...........2...................1.....3.........................3 5.........................................................................................................3 6.........................................................................................5 6...13 Depending on Number of Analyses .................2............................2.........12 Cleaning the Alkali Pump...............................2 6................................................2 6.......................................9 Distillation ...........................................1 6.2 3........................................................2 5..9 Starting Up .............................................................................12 Every One to Three Months......................2...14 7 TROUBLE SHOOTING ..1..........11 Digestion Tubes Inspection ..................2 4..............................................................................................................5 Alkali System ............................7 Functional Verification .....................................................2.........3 4...................................................4 OPERATION Identification of Controls ..........3....3................................................................................. User Manual......13 Cleaning of the Splash Head .........................3...................................................................................1 6..6 Installation ........1 6......11 Cleaning the Safety Door ......3..3............................................................................................................. Rev.......................................1 2 2...11 Reagent Tanks Inspection and Cleaning........................................................................12 Controlling the Rubber Adapter...............1 PREPARATIONS FOR USE Unpacking and Checking................................................11 Cleaning of Unit ..................................2 6..................................7 Installation Instructions..........1 INTRODUCTION Performance Data ......................8 Testing Recovery...........................1 1.......7 Installation Requirements ....................................2.......................3.................................... 2...............................................................

.........................................................................................3........................................................... Rev..................................................19 Lifting Instructions 1002 ....44 ÖRYGGISREGLUR OG AÐFERÐIR (IS) ............................48 NORME PRECAUZIONALI E PROCEDURE DI SICUREZZA (IT) ...........................55 SIKKERHETSREGLER OG PROSEDYRER (NO) ...................................... Part no 1000 1535....................51 VEILIGHEIDSMAATREGELEN EN PROCEDURES (NL) .....................19 10 10........................................................................................................4 ACCESSORIES AND SPARE PARTS Accessories ..1 10.................................23 SICHERHEITS.........................................................1 FOSS Tecator AB APPLICATION NOTES SYSTEM TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS Safety......................................................................................3 9...37 PRESCRIPTIONS ET PROCEDURES DE SECURITE (FR) 40 1002 Kjeltecä System..........62 SÄKERHETSFÖRESKRIFTER OCH TILLVÄGAGÅNGSSÄTT (SE) ...........................................3 10.............................................8 9 9.....................................................................33 VAROTOIMET JA MENETELMÄT (FIN) .....................20 Manufacturer’s Name and Address ...1 9.......................................................UND BETRIEBSVORSCHRIFTEN (DE) 26 SIKKERHED ....................18 Environmental Conditions ..............................FORHOLDSREGLER OG PROCEDURER (DK) .........................................................................................2 9...... 2...................................................................................30 PRECAUCIONES Y PROCEDIMIENTOS DE SEGURIDAD (ES) ..........66 .............3................................................................ FOSS Tecator AB............18 Storage and Transport ..............20 Kjeltabs ...................2 10.........21 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS AND PROCEDURES ...................................................... User Manual... Sweden ËÇØÇ ÌÅÔÑÙÍ ÁÓÖÁËÅÉÁÓ ÊÁÉ ÏÄÇÃÉÅÓ ×ÑÇÓÇÓ (GR) .............................................................................20 Spare Parts........59 PRECAUÇÕES E MEDIDAS DE SEGURANÇA (PT) .

This device is equipped with a grounding/earthing type power plug for your protection against electrical shock hazard and should only be attached to a properly grounded/earthed receptacle. disconnect incoming mains supply. Covers or panel(s) should be removed by qualified personnel only.The Kjeltec Auto 1002 Analyzer is designed for laboratory use analyzing parameters as specified in FOSS Tecators Application Notes. Before replacing the fuses. the protection provided by the equipment may be impaired. In order to find out the nature of the potential hazard. Refer to the appropriate material safety data sheet for reagent handling instructions. The responsible body shall be made aware that. Eye protection should be worn at all times and care should be taken when handling hot digestion tubes. Please read these operating instructions carefully and act accordingly. Careful handling of the solutions used in an analysis is mandatory for laboratory safety. . if the equipment is used in a manner not specified by the manufacturer. please consult this manual in all cases where this symbol is used. For safety reasons people not familiar with these operating instructions must not use the instrument.

ground potential. material or personal. .g. FOSS Tecator AB has no responsibility for damages.Terminals identified by the symbol. Note that such a terminal must not be used as a protective earth (ground) connection. occuring as a result of such actions. bring the various parts of a system to the same potential e. Modifications. rebuilding or use of safety parts not authorized by FOSS Tecator AB violates the warranty. alterations. when connected together.

can be performed. 2.1 Performance Data 4-5 min Approximately 10 samples per hour 1-160 mg ± 1 % relative 99. The 1002 Distilling Unit is a convenient and safe instrument for rapid steam distillations. One of the main applications for the unit is the distillation of “Kjeldahl digests” where the alkali is conveniently added via a built in dispensing system. The distillate is collected in a Receiver flask for subsequent titration. Part no 1000 1535. 2.3. Sweden 1002003A Fig. Cyanide. FOSS Tecator AB.5 % Distilling time Distillation capacity Measuring range Reproducibility Recovery 1002 Kjeltecä System.2 INTRODUCTION The 1002 Distilling Unit is part of the Kjeltec System I.5-100. 3 . official determinations of nitrogen / protein according to the Kjeldahl method. Together with the 2006 Digestion System and a Titration Unit. Alkaline Direct Distillation and Alcohol. User Manual. 1 A complete Kjeldahl system. Many other distillations can be performed efficiently with the 1002 Distilling unit. Phenol. Rev. These include Sulphur dioxide. Ask your FOSS Tecator AB representative for a copy of our extensive application list.

through the splash head (Pos. together with steam. 11). Rev. 12 13 10 7 3 2 11 5 1 6 1002 Kjeltecä System. is connected to the splash head (Pos.3 3. Drain valve (steam generator) 4 . 2.3) and is cooled in the condenser (Pos. Level pins 6. 10) and collected in the receiver flask (Pos. Alkali pump 2. Sweden 4 9 8 WASTE COOLING WATER INLET STEAMGEN DRAIN ALKALI TANK 1002014A VALID FROM SERIAL NO 5400 Fig.3. in the OPEN (down) position. FOSS Tecator AB. Over heat protector 7. Splash head 4. Alkali is pumped (Pos. User Manual. The liberated Ammonia goes. diluted with 75 ml distilled or deionised water. 1) into the test tube when the alkali handle on the front panel is pulled down. marked STEAM. Steam generator 5. 2) with digested sample. Steam valve 8. Test tube 3. Part no 1000 1535. A test tube (Pos.1 FUNCTION Principle of Operation A typical Kjeldahl distillation is described. Use figure 2 to identify the parts. 3). The distillation is started by opening the steam valve (Pos 7). 2 1. pushing the steam control handle on the front panel. Other reagents might be used in other analyses. Double valve for cooling water and water for steam production 9.

4). See the maintenance section. In addition there is a safety valve on the steam generator if for any reason the steam outlet is blocked. 2. power is connected to the heater in the steam generator (Pos. Rev. The generator is either connected to the test tube or to drain. FOSS Tecator AB.3 Alkali System Make sure that the test tube is empty and in its proper position. If distilled or deionised water is used a direct feed water system must be fitted. Sweden 5 . Then press the handle rapidly all the way down 3 . H2SO4. e. H3PO4. (Contact your FOSS Tecator AB representative).4 times to remove all the air from the system. Pull down the handle for dispensing alkali (Fig. the cooling water inlet valve opens. 3. No overpressure can develop. and the distillation starts. One stroke will give approximately 50 ml of alkali. When the steam valve is closed. how to change the volume. At the same time the cooling water is switched off automatically.g. The steam generator must contain a certain volume of water to operate. Part no 1000 1535. In some applications other reagents may be added using the alkali system.2 Steam Generation By opening the steam valve on the front panel. Always let the handle return to its upper position by itself. The excess steam goes to drain via the waste tubing. The water supply should be ammonia free to keep blank values at a minimum. Note: The flowscheme shows a system using tap water feed for the steam generator.3. boiling continues for about 10 seconds in the steam generator. 8) several times. until alkali flows into the test tube. 1002 Kjeltecä System. 5).3. User Manual. The correct water level in the steam generator is automatically controlled by level pins (Pos.

Remove all packing material. semi-micro 4. Rubber adapter. FOSS Tecator AB. Remove the plastic caps covering the outlets on the rear of the instrument.4 4.1 PREPARATIONS FOR USE Unpacking and Checking Unpack the 1002 Distilling Unit and its accessories with care. Tubing clamps for water tubing 6. Reinforced tubing for water(with integral connectors) 7 5 1 1002 Kjeltecä System. Dispensing stops 3. User Manual. 3 and 4 to identify the different parts. Rubber adapter.3. Rev. Reinforced PVC Tubing for alkali 8. contact your FOSS Tecator AB representative. 1 2 4 8 6 5 9 7 3 1002004A Fig. If any parts are missing. packed together with the instrument and check that you have received all parts. Use the parts list. 3 1. Alkali tank 3. Funnel 6 . Manual 2. Digestion tube 250 ml 6. Part no 1000 1535. Tubing clamps for alkali tubing 7. 2. macro 5. Nipple 9. Distilling unit 2. Reciever flask (set of 8) 7. Use Fig. Sweden 2 6 4 3 1002005A Fig. PVC Tubing for drain 4. 4 1. Use a pair of pliers if necessary. Handle 5.

put a piece of tubing on the nipple and direct it into the sink.2 Fuses External: One fuse T 10 A Internal: One fuse F 125 mA and one fuse T 500 mA 4. Cooling water inlet 3. Sweden Use tubing clamps to secure 1002006C Fig. Electric power cable 7.3.2 4. 5 Connections left to right. Steam generator drain 4. 2. 1002 Kjeltecä System.3 Installation Instructions Place the 1002 Distilling Unit close to a cold water tap and appropriate power supply which should be grounded. User Manual. f)Connect the distilling unit to the power supply. b)Direct the waste tubing into the sink. Fill the alkali tank with sodium hydroxide prepared as described in the Application Note AN 300. Part no 1000 1535. Equipotential connector 4. 7 Water connection. Steam waste tubing 2. Alkali inlet 6.7) and to the water tap using thread sealing tape if necessary.2. FOSS Tecator AB. e)Connect the reinforced tubing with integral connectors to the cooling water inlet ( Fig.6). 50-60 Hz 1900 W 1 l/min tap water at 20° C 5 bar 30x36x80 cm 25 kg 3 4 1 2 5 6 7 Power supply Power consumption Water supply Water pressure (max) Dimensions LxDxH Weight 1002006A Fig.5).2. blue wire-neutral and green/yellow-protective earth. c)Connect the alkali tubing from the alkali tank to the nipple labelled “ALKALI” (Fig. The connections are: brown wire-line. Make sure that the outlet is not below the water level in the sink. 7 .1 Installation Installation Requirements 220-240 V. 1002006B Fig. a)Place the alkali tank on the floor beside the distilling unit. 6 tubings.4. cut the metal connector off one end of the tubing and secure the tubing to the tap with the tubing clamp provided. Water tank (for direct feed water systems only) 5.2. Secure with tubing clamps (Fig. Rev. If you do not have a threaded tap. d)Screw the black plastic nipple supplied into the DRAIN outlet. 1.

3 4. Sweden . 2. Mark the cooling water tap in order to give the same flow at all times.1 Functional Verification Testing Recovery Please refer to Application Note 300 supplied with your system.2 and check that the temperature of the condensate is below 25 .3. increase the flow of the cooling water stepwise.3. section chemical check. 8 1002 Kjeltecä System.30°C. Part no 1000 1535. If not. FOSS Tecator AB.g)Do the start up procedure according to 5. User Manual. Rev. 4.

Steam control. Let the distillation continue until some water is collected in the receiver flask. Safety door Fig.3 Distillation a)Remove the test tube and the receiver flask. Power switch 2. 5. Hold it by its plastic tubing if necessary. c)Switch on the power. 1.1 2 3 4 5 5. 9). After a couple of minutes steam is generated. 3. The system is then heated up. d)Turn on the cold water tap Note: The water for the condenser and steam generator will not flow until the steam valve is in the open position with the power on. 1002007C Fig. Power switch. b)Make sure that a test tube and a receiver flask are placed in their proper positions and that the safety door is closed. Steam control UP CLOSED DOWN OPEN 4. To avoid contamination don’t touch the glass outlet tube with your fingers. 5. 10 b)Place the tube with the first diluted Sample to be distilled in its position and place the receiver flask with the receiver solution on the platform. Alkali handle 5. Timer 3. 10). User Manual. Timer. 1002007B Fig.2 Starting Up a)Check the level of alkali in the tank. Alkali handle. Fill up if necessary. 2. Part no 1000 1535. Rev. 1002 Kjeltecä System. 2. Close the steam valve on the front panel. FOSS Tecator AB.3. It will stop automatically when the valve is closed.1 OPERATION Identification of Controls 5 1002007A These are identified in Figure 8. move it to the lower position. g)If the platform with the receiver flask is in the upper position (Fig. 9 e)Open the valve for steam by pushing the steam control handle on the front panel in down position (Fig. 9 . 4. 8 1. Safety door. Sweden 5.

g)Lower the platform for the receiver flask and continue distillation for a few more seconds to rinse the outlet tip. Part no 1000 1535. User Manual. the teflon pipe through which the steam enters the sample. e)Gently pull the alkali handle all the way down to dispense about 50 ml of alkali (Fig 8). 5. 11 1002008A Resting position for the teflon h)Replace the test tube and the receiver flask tube with the next set and continue in the same manner with all the samples. d)Move the platform for the receiver flask to its upper position. 2. This makes it possible to replace a tube without touching the teflon pipe which will have traces of alkali on it. 1002 Kjeltecä System.3. FOSS Tecator AB. When removing a tube. 12 Wipe the instrument clean from any spillage. f)Open the steam control and set the timer to the appropriate distilling time (around 4 minutes). 11). Rev. c)Switch off the power and close the water tap. Close the steam control. should be placed in the slot of the plastic holder (Fig.c)Close the safety door. b)Pull out the drain collector (Fig. Fig. Fig. Sweden 1002013A 10 . 12) under the tube holder and the platform for the receiver flask and clean it with water.4 Closing Down a)Do the daily maintenance according to chapter 6.

3 Rubber Adapter Clean the adapter from all remaining residues with a damp cloth or sponge.2 Digestion Tubes Inspection Check the rims of the digestion tubes for uneven surface. 6. Replace the tank if damaged. Use the Weekly Maintenance Record Chart provided to keep a record of these operations.2. These can lead to untimely and unexpected breakages 11 . Rev.2 Cleaning of Unit Clean the whole unit from any spillage with a damp cloth or sponge.cracks and chips. Part no 1000 1535. 6. 6.2 Weekly 1002 Kjeltecä System. 6.6 MAINTENANCE This text is also avaliable as an instruction 10006458 which includes Maintenance Record Charts to facilitate a record of your actions. Open the valve for steam and distil for 3 minutes.1. To remove any crystals wash the screw cap in clean warm water until the crystals are dissolved. User Manual. dry and replace. This type of damage can cause leakage between the tube and the rubber adapter leading to loss of recovery during analysis. 6.1 Cleaning Cycle Connect a test tube half filled with distilled water and a receiver flask into their positions. Also clean the splash shield from residues.3. Look for scratches and star fractures on the base of the tubes. 6. use warm water. the following procedures should be performed on a weekly basis. 6.1 Reagent Tanks Inspection and Cleaning Check the tanks for: Signs of cracks or splitting. in order to avoid chemical residues to remain in the lower part of the splash head.2. or as the need arises.1. FOSS Tecator AB. Sweden In addition to the daily routines outlined above. Crystals blocking the air holes in the screw cap. 2.1.1 Daily To avoid start up problems and to prolong the lifetime of your system the procedures described in this chapter should be performed every day the unit is used.

the content can be poured in a measuring cylinder.3 Every One to Three Months In addition to the routines outlined above the following procedures should be performed every one to three months. Part no 1000 1535. Use the Maintenance Record Chart provided with the instruction to keep a record of these operations. cracks or that the rubber has started to lose its softness the adapter has to be changed. Switch on power. Sweden Remove the rubber adapter from the unit and inspect it for scratches and cracks. Rev. there is a grounding cable (yellow/green) connected inside between the rear panel and the main cabinet (lower right corner). Close the safety door. Important! If the rear panel is removed. depending on usage.2 Controlling the Alkali Volume · · · · · Connect an empty test tube to the unit. .1 Controlling the Rubber Adapter 6. The amount of alkali is set to about 50 ml from the factory. Alternatively. Gently pull the handle all the way down to dispense the alkali. 13 12 1002 Kjeltecä System. This volume can be reduced by Fig. 6. Be sure to reconnect when replacing the panel.3 Cleaning the Safety Door Clean the safety door from any spillage with a damp cloth or sponge. 6.3. User Manual. This is quite normal and does not require the tubes to be replaced. or as the need arises.2.3. 2. FOSS Tecator AB. Note also if the rubber of the adapter has started to lose it softness. Discard all damaged tubes in the interest of safety. Mark the wanted volume with a pen on the tube. Check the volume a couple of times. 6. After some digestions the base of the tubes may take on an off-white to greyish coloration.3.creating a safety hazard to you and your colleagues and potential damage to your digestion or distillation unit. If the adapter show signs of scratches.

Regular and immediate cleaning of splashes and spillage will create less problems. Rev. 6. Turn them 90° to fix them in position fig. For example tap water will create more or less salt deposits depending on its hardness. Part no 1000 1535. check the volume again. This procedure requires that the tube is emptied when about 200 ml has been dispensed. · After any adjustment. FOSS Tecator AB. 6.putting dispensing stops in the slot below the alkali dispensing handle. If deionised water is used.3 Cleaning the Alkali Pump. but please remember that a certain level of conductivity is required for correct operation of the level pins (See trouble shooting) 2. Sweden 13 . In simple terms you will have to judge the required frequency by physically checking the situation in each case.The quality of the water used for steam generation.Pump about half a litre of the water through the alkali pump by pressing the alkali handle.How well you have followed the guidelines in the first three chapters of this text.3.3. Repeat this at least three times so no acid residues will interfere with the analysis. 2. 1002 Kjeltecä System. Replace the tube and continue the flushing. 40°C.4 Cleaning of the Splash Head Pour about 25 ml of water and the same amount of concentrated acetic acid into a test tube and distil for 5 to 10 minutes.13.3.5 Depending on Number of Analyses The frequency with which you should carry out the procedures in this chapter depends upon a number of factors which are outside FOSS Tecator AB’s control and are therefore difficult to predict. Routine checking of connectors when the reagents are replaced will limit the likelihood of leakages. User Manual.cleaning will rarely be necessary. distilled water in a beaker and connect it to the system. Replace the tube with a clean tube and continue to distil for another 5 minutes. 1. Put approximately two litres of warm. 6.3. To a large extent the frequency will depend on two major points.

by connecting the funnel to the steam generator drain. User Manual. Rev. Sweden Your local distributor offers Service Agreements in order to make your instrument reliable in performance and safety. Caution If Alternative 2 has been chosen the solution will be extremely hot! Open the drain valve and empty the steam generator.Connect the power supply. Place a distillation tube and a receiver flask in their positions and close the safety door.3. Exchange if visible damages can be seen.3. Suspend the funnel so that is in higher position than the steam generator. FOSS Tecator AB. whilst the funnel is still suspended above the steam generator. Part no 1000 1535. close the drain valve.6 Cleaning of the Steam Generator Disconnect the power supply. When the vessel is clean and rinsed. Remove the funnel and put the drain tubing outlet back to its normal position. Rinse the generator thoroughly with water using the funnel again. Alternative 1. . Alternative 2. Switch on power and open the steam valve.6.3. Let the citric acid solution boil for about five minutes. or until the generator vessel is free from deposits. 2.Leave the solution in the steam generator overnight. preferable hot. Close the steam valve and disconnect the power supply. Close the drain valve. 6.7 Every Year As a minimum of care all tubings and connectors should be inspected. When empty. 14 1002 Kjeltecä System. fill up the generator with a solution of 100 g citric acid in 800 ml water. Open the drain valve for the generator.

Sieve in the cooling water inlet clogged. Call service. No conductivity in the water preventing activation of level pins if distilled water is used. FOSS Tecator AB. Add 0. Call service. 15 . B. Turn on the water tap. D. Call service. Steam valve faulty if steam comes trough the waste tubing. Lamp in main switch does not lit up. 2. Alkali tank is empty.5 g Na 2 SO 4 to water tank. TROUBLE SHOOTING PROBABLE CAUSE No current to the unit. See below. No water in the steam generator. Temperature of the distillate above 30°C Adjust water flow or use water supplied via a chilling unit. No cooling water. Do not use Borax or Sodium Sulphate as this may cause foaming. Faulty lamp and/or switch. No cooling water on. Double valve faulty.) Non return valve for steam or drain faulty. Fill up the tank. Part no 1000 1535. Crystals on sealing valves. No current to heater. Call service. Rinse the sieve. Check that the drain valve is closed. 1002 Kjeltecä System. when steam is on. Turn on the water tap. C. No steam is generated. Double valve faulty. Reset if neccessary according to fig 14. If this is not solving the problem call service. Read Maintenace section Clean Alkali pump. F. Steam generator is overfilling. Rinse the sieve. (Direct Feed Water Systems only. Not enough water in the steam generator. User Manual.7 FAULT A. Call service. CORRECTIVE MEASURE Check power supply.3. Check level pin position. Sieve in the cooling water inlet clogged. Too low water flow through condenser. 1002018A No cooling water on. Rev. Fig. or too high water temperature. 14 To reset the overheat protector insert a screwdriver in the hole and press until you hear a clicking sound E. No water in the steam generator. Alkali is not dispensed. G. Sweden Check the overheat protector.

Check distillation & titration cycle by distilling known amounts of ammonium salts. Water for steam production contains excessive or variable amounts of ammonia. Incorrect analytical results ( too high or too low) PROBABLE CAUSE Sample preparation CORRECTIVE MEASURE Check weighing and the whole digestion procedure. See testing recovery. Alkali volume too low. Sweden 16 . Standarise titrant. * This requires the fitting of a direct Feed Water System and must be carried out at the factory or by a certified FOSS Tecator AB service engineer in your laboratory. User Manual.3. Other undefined or unspecified problems Chemistry/applicatio n. 1002 Kjeltecä System. Rev. Test recovery. FOSS Tecator AB. Read maintenance section.* Contact your FOSS Tecator AB representative. Contact your FOSS Tecator AB representative.FAULT H. See G above. Use distilled or deionized water. Titrant concentration Leakage. Part no 1000 1535. I. Over 95% of problems are related to the chemistry of customers specific applications. Systems malfunctions not mentioned above. 2. Distillate temperature too high. Check tubings and the rubber adapter.

2. User Manual. FOSS Tecator AB. Rev.3. Sweden 17 . In FOSS Tecator ABs extensive list of Application Sub Notes you will find information on how to analyse the sample of your choice. Part no 1000 1535. 1002 Kjeltecä System.8 FOSS Tecator AB APPLICATION NOTES SYSTEM For information about preparation of chemicals and the Kjeldahl method please see the Application Note AN 300 supplied with your system. Please contact your FOSS Tecator AB representative for more details.

Part no 1000 1535. 2. User Manual. inaccessible circuits is reinforced.9 9.3. FOSS Tecator AB.2 Environmental Conditions The equipment is designed to be safe at least under the following conditions: Fig. 9. Rev. 15 18 1002 Kjeltecä System.1 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS Safety The insulation of external. Sweden .

2.1 Storage and Transport Lifting Instructions 1002 This instrument is not equipped with handles or grips. Sweden Fig. following the instructions below: 1.· · · · · · · Indoor use Altitude up to 2000 m. Mains supply voltage fluctuations not exeeding ± 10% of the rated voltage.3 9. 16 19 .3. Rev.3.16 to simplify and ensure a safe lift. 2. Maximum relative humidity 80% for temperatures up to 31°C decreasing linearly to 50% relative humidity at 40°C. Part no 1000 1535. Caution Avoid getting your fingers pinched! 1002017A 1002 Kjeltecä System. Temperature 5°C to 40°C. and lift and support the instrument as shown in fig. FOSS Tecator AB. Weight 25 kg. Two persons are needed to lift the instrument. User Manual. which is normal for this type of equipment. Pollution degree 2 9. Transient overvoltage is according to category II. Tilt the instrument slightly backwards.

5 g K 2 SO 4 + 7. 230V Fuse F 125 mA Fuse T 500 mA Fuse T10 A Water tubing with integral connectors Reed relay switch Tubing for alkali 8/13-5 reinforced 10. FOSS Tecator AB.10 10.5 mg Se Selenium. 230 V / 1600 W Steam valve complete Double Solenoid Valve for coolingwater.5 g K 2 SO 4 + 175 mg HgO CT.1 1000 0164 1000 0427 1002-020 1000 0347 ACCESSORIES AND SPARE PARTS Accessories Receiver Flasks. 2. Part no 1000 1535. complete. tablets with 1. 15270001 15270002 15270003 15270004 15270010 Selenium. tablets with 3. DIGITRATE 50 ml capacity Kjeltec DD KIT Comprising: 2ea 1000-0787 Distilling Tubes 750 1 (set of 6) 1ea 1000-2049 Stand for 12 DD tubes 2ea 1000-0439 Receiver flasks set of 6 1ea 1000-0427 Basket for 12 Flask 1ea Application Note 10.15 g CuSO 4 x 5 H 2 O + 0. complete Adapter for test tubes 250 ml Adapter for test tubes 100 ml Alkali Tank Tubing for steam ¢ 8/12 m m. all other types in boxes of 1000. ¢ 8/11 mm. per m Tubing Strip Set of 2 Valves for alkali reagent dispenser Timer Glass Vessel for steam generator Rubbler Seal for steam generator Printed Circuit Board Complete Heater Coil including cover for steam generator. tablets with 5 g K 2 SO 4 + 5 mg Se Selenium. User Manual. per m Tubing for drain.15 g TiO 2 20 1002 Kjeltecä System.5 g K 2 SO 4 + 3. tablets with 3. tablets with 5 g K 2 SO 4 + 0.3. Sweden .3 Kjeltabs Mercury tablets are delivered in boxes of 500. Rev.5 mg Se Mercury.2 1000 0299 1000 0725 1000 0056 1000 0487 1000 0593 1582 0002 1582 0004 1569 0010 1577 0007 1579 0005 1000 2720 1000 2762 1000 3504 1000 3505 1000 3743 1575 0025 1564 0082 1564 0043 1564 0006 1582 0066 1563 0117 1582 0011 Spare Parts Condenser with insulation Splash Head. 250 ml (set of 8) Basket for handling of 12 receiver flasks Titration Unit.

However.10 g Se Antifoam (AA00).105 g TiO 2 Mercury. tablets with 4.0165 g Se Special (AB22).15270018 15270020 15270033 15270034 15270048 15270056 15270057 15270058 15270059 15270060 15270061 15270062 15270063 15270065 Copper.5 g K 2 SO 4 + 0. tablets with 1. User Manual.4 Manufacturer’s Name and Address FOSS Tecator AB Box 70 SE-263 21 Höganäs Sweden Int phone.045 g TiO 2 Special (AB64).5 g K 2 SO 4 + 150 mg CuSO 4 x 5 H20 Mercury.65 g K 2 SO 4 + 0. tablets with 1. Rev. tablets with 3. Int fax.05 g Se KPC.5 g K 2 SO 4 + 175 mg HgO NAS.5 g K 2 SO 4 + 0. 10.105 g CuSO 4 x 5 H 2 O + 0. tablets with 5.045 g CuSO 4 x 5 H 2 O + 0.966 g Na 2 SO 4 + 0.005g Si Auto CT (AA22). tablets with 1. tablets with 4.06 g Se KS (AA47).75 g K 2 SO 4 + 0.5 mg HgO Copper.5 g K 2 SO 4 + 0. +46 42 361500 +46 42 340349 1002 Kjeltecä System. tablets with 5 g K 2 SO 4 Other types are available upon request. FOSS Tecator AB.33 g CuSO 4 x 5 H 2 O + 0. tablets with 1.5 g K 2 SO 4 + 400 mg CuSO 4 x 5 H20 CT. tablets with 3.5 g CuSO 4 x 5 H 2 O Special (AB24). Sweden 21 .0 g K 2 SO 4 + 0.5 g K 2 SO 4 + 7. tablets with 1 g Na 2 SO 4 + 0. Part no 1000 1535. tablets with 0.075 g CuSO 4 x 5 H 2 O + 0. 2.3.05 g Se K/5 (AA23). those listed above represent more than 90% of the catalyst tablets used worldwide. tablets with 4.95 g K 2 SO 4 + 0. tablets with 3.029 g silicon + 0.

User Manual. Rev. 1002 Kjeltecä System. FOSS Tecator AB. 2. Part no 1000 1535.3. Sweden .22 This page is intentionally not used.

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Part no 1000 1535.5. e) Gently pull the alkali handle all the way down to dispense about 50 ml of alkali (Fig 8). User Manual.2. c) Switch off the power and close the water tap.3 Cleaning the safety door Clean the whole unit from any spillage with a damp cloth or sponge. To avoid contamination don’t touch the glass outlet tube with your fingers. Be sure to reconnect when replacing the panel. Look for scratches and star fractures on the base of the tubes. which the steam enters the sample. Discard all damaged tubes in the interest of safety. depending on usage. a) Remove the test tube and the receiver flask. e) Open the valve for steam by pushing the steam control handle on the front panel in down position (Fig. 11.2. 11). Use the Weekly Maintenance Record Chart provided to keep a record of these operations. b) Place the tube with the first diluted Sample to be distilled in its position and place the receiver flask with the receiver solution on the platform. d) Move the platform for the receiver flask to its upper position. Connect a test tube half filled with distilled water and a receiver flask into their positions. use warm water.1 Controlling the rubber adapter 11. a) Do the daily maintenance according to chapter 11. or as the need arises. Close the steam valve on the front panel.1.5. 12) under the tube holder and the platform for the receiver flask and clean it with water. the content can be poured in a measuring cylinder. 13. 9). If the adapter show signs of scratches.5. cracks or that the rubber has started to lose its softness the adapter has to be changed.1. check the volume again.4.5. Note also if the rubber of the adapter has started to lose it softness. To remove any crystals wash the screw cap in clean warm water until the crystals are dissolved. f) Open the steam control and set the timer to the appropriate distilling time (around 4 minutes).2 Digestion tubes inspection Check the rims of the digestion tubes for uneven surface.5 Maintenance 11. or as the need arises. After any adjustment. After a couple of minutes steam is generated. the teflon pipe through 11.2 Cleaning of unit 11. g) If the platform with the receiver flask is in the upper position (Fig. Remove the rubber adapter from the unit and inspect it for scratches and cracks. there is a grounding cable (yellow/green) connected inside between the rear panel and the main cabinet (lower right corner). Hold it by its plastic tubing if necessary. This type of damage can cause leakage between the tube and the rubber adapter leading to loss of recovery during analysis. 11.1.3. Close the safety door. h) Replace the test tube and the receiver flask with the next set and continue in the same manner with all the samples.5. FOSS Tecator AB.5.c) Switch on the power.3 Distillation This text is also avaliable as an instruction 10006458 which includes Maintenance Record Charts to facilitate a record of your actions. move it to the lower position. 10). Open the valve for steam and distil for 3 minutes.3. should be placed in the slot of the plastic holder (Fig. g) Lower the platform for the receiver flask and continue distillation for a few more seconds to rinse the outlet tip.5. 11. Replace the tank if damaged. 11.2. Let the distillation continue until some water is collected in the receiver flask. c) Close the safety door.4 Closing down In addition to the daily routines outlined above. After some digestions the base of the tubes may take on an off-white to greyish coloration. dry and replace. Alternatively.5.1 Cleaning cycle Connect an empty test tube to the unit. 11. Wipe the instrument clean from any spillage. This volume can be reduced by putting dispensing stops in the slot below the alkali dispensing handle. Switch on power. Crystals blocking the air holes in the screw cap.cracks and chips. Turn them 90° to fix them in position fig. Close the steam control. It will stop automatically when the valve is closed. This makes it possible to replace a tube without touching the teflon pipe which will have traces of alkali on it. 11. the following procedures should be performed on a weekly basis. Sweden . Clean the adapter from all remaining residues with a damp cloth or sponge. 11. Mark the wanted volume with a pen on the tube. 2.4. Also clean the splash shield from residues.5. Check the volume a couple of times. These can lead to untimely and unexpected breakages creating a safety hazard to you and your colleagues and potential damage to your digestion or distillation unit. d) Turn on the cold water tap Note: The water for the condenser and steam generator will not flow until the steam valve is in the open position with the power on.2 Controlling the alkali volume · · · · · 11. Use the Maintenance Record Chart provided with the instruction to keep a record of these operations.3 Rubber adapter Clean the safety door from any spillage with a damp cloth or sponge. This is quite normal and does not require the tubes to be replaced. 24 1002 Kjeltecä System. Important! If the rear panel is removed.1 Daily To avoid start up problems and to prolong the lifetime of your system the procedures described in this chapter should be performed every day the unit is used. 11.1 Reagent tanks inspection and cleaning Check the tanks for: Signs of cracks or splitting. The amount of alkali is set to about 50 ml from the factory.3 Every one to three months · In addition to the routines outlined above the following procedures should be performed every one to three months.5. Gently pull the handle all the way down to dispense the alkali. b) Pull out the drain collector (Fig. When removing a tube.2 Weekly 11.5.5. The system is then heated up.3. Rev. in order to avoid chemical residues to remain in the lower part of the splash head.

Temperature 5°C to 40°C.5. Cooling water inlet 3.cleaning will rarely be necessary. 11.1 Storage & transport Lifting instructions 1002 For information about preparation of chemicals and the Kjeldahl method please see the Application Note AN 300 supplied with your system. Power switch 2.16 to simplify and ensure a safe lift. Steam control 4. distilled water in a beaker and connect it to the system. Alkali handle 5. 11. When the vessel is clean and rinsed.Pump about half a litre of the water through the alkali pump by pressing the alkali handle. Disconnect the power supply.3. Maximum relative humidity 80% for temperatures up to 31°C decreasing linearly to 50% relative humidity at 40°C. Close the steam valve and disconnect the power supply. 1. In FOSS Tecator ABs extensive list of Application Sub Notes you will find information on how to analyse the sample of your choice.7 11. Electric power cable 7.11. by connecting the funnel to the steam generator drain. As a minimum of care all tubings and connectors should be inspected.1 Cleaning of the steam generator · Put approximately two litres of warm. Part no 1000 1535. following the instructions below: 1. The quality of the water used for steam generation. Safety door. or until the generator vessel is free from deposits.5. which is normal for this type of equipment.5 Every Year Your local distributor offers Service Agreements in order to make your instrument reliable in performance and safety. Please contact your FOSS Tecator AB representative for more details. Sweden 25 . Two persons are needed to lift the instrument.4 Cleaning of the splash head Pour about 25 ml of water and the same amount of concentrated acetic acid into a test tube and distil for 5 to 10 minutes.5. User Manual.3 Cleaning the alkali pump. The equipment is designed to be safe at least under the following conditions: · · · · · · · Indoor use Altitude up to 2000 m. The insulation of external.3. When empty. 11. 11. 40°C.6 11. Place a distillation tube and a receiver flask in their positions and close the safety door.4 Depending on number of analyses Explanations to illustrations The frequency with which you should carry out the procedures in this chapter depends upon a number of factors which are outside FOSS Tecator AB’s control and are therefore difficult to predict. In simple terms you will have to judge the required frequency by physically checking the situation in each case.2 Environmental conditions Caution If Alternative 2 has been chosen the solution will be extremely hot! Open the drain valve and empty the steam generator. Replace the tube with a clean tube and continue to distil for another 5 minutes. Pollution degree 2 Fig 5 Connections left to right.6. 1.5. fill up the generator with a solution of 100 g citric acid in 800 ml water. Steam generator drain 4. preferable hot.8 11. close the drain valve. For example tap water will create more or less salt deposits depending on its hardness. This procedure requires that the tube is emptied when about 200 ml has been dispensed.4.1 Technical specifications Safety 11. Replace the tube and continue the flushing. Regular and immediate cleaning of splashes and spillage will create less problems. Let the citric acid solution boil for about five minutes. Suspend the funnel so that is in higher position than the steam generator. Timer 3. whilst the funnel is still suspended above the steam generator. Alternative 2. This instrument is not equipped with handles or grips. Remove the funnel and put the drain tubing outlet back to its normal position. 2.6. Transient overvoltage is according to category II. Exchange if visible damages can be seen.7. Repeat this at least three times so no acid residues will interfere with the analysis. Open the drain valve for the generator. Fig 7 Water connection. Mains supply voltage fluctuations not exeeding ± 10% of the rated voltage. inaccessible circuits is reinforced.Leave the solution in the steam generator overnight. Rev. and lift and support the instrument as shown in fig. Weight 25 kg. Fig 11 Resting position for the teflon tube. Steam waste tubing 2. Alkali inlet 6. Water tank (for direct feed water systems only) 5. 2. 11. How well you have followed the guidelines in the first three chapters of this text. Tilt the instrument slightly backwards. TROUBLE SHOOTING* This requires the fitting of a direct Feed Water System and must be carried out at the factory or by a certified FOSS Tecator AB service engineer in your laboratory. 1002 Kjeltecä System. To a large extent the frequency will depend on two major points. Routine checking of connectors when the reagents are replaced will limit the likelihood of leakages. Equipotential connector Fig 6 Use tubing clamps to secure tubings.Connect the power supply. Caution! Avoid getting your fingers pinched! 11. If deionised water is used. Close the drain valve.5. Alternative 1. Fig 8 1. Rinse the generator thoroughly with water using the funnel again.3. FOSS Tecator AB. Switch on power and open the steam valve. but please remember that a certain level of conductivity is required for correct operation of the level pins (See trouble shooting) 2.

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