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Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton

ON TAP HK I-MU, LOGARIT,LUY THUA


1.NH NGHA LY THA V CN.
S m

C s a Ly tha

a
*
N n
R a n a a a a a
n
( ...... .

tha s )
0 0 a
1
0
a a

) (
*
N n n 0 a
n
n
a
a a
1


) , (
*
N n Z m
n
m

0 > a
) ( a b b a a a a
n n n m
n
m

) , ( lim
*
N n Q r r
n n

0 > a n
r
a a lim

2. TNH CHT CA LY THA.


* vi a > 0, b > 0, ta c


b
a
b
a
b a ab a a a
a
a
a a a
,
_


+
; . ) ( ; ) ( ; ; .
.
a > 1 :

> > a a
0 < a < 1 :

< > a a
3. NH NGHA LGARIT.
* Vi s
0 , 1 0 > < b a
.

b a b
a


log

b e b
b b

ln
10 log
4. TNH CHT CA LGARIT.
* b a a
b
a a
a

log
; 1 log ; 0 1 log
*
c b c b
a a a
log log ) . ( log +


c b
c
b
a a a
log log log
,
_


b b
a a
log . log

c bit:
b
n
b b
b
a
n
a a a
log
1
log ; log
1
log
*
c c b
b
c
c
a b a
a
a
b
log log . log
log
log
log
c bit :
b b
a
b
a
a
b
a
log
1
log ;
log
1
log



c b c b a
c b c b a
a a
a a
< < > < <
> > > >
0 log log : 1 0
0 log log : 1
5. GII HN.
1
) 1 ln(
lim ; 1
1
lim
0 0

+


x
x
x
e
x
x
x
6. BNG O HM.
x x
e e )' (
u u
e u e '. )' (
Trang 1
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
a a a
x x
ln . )' (
x
x
1
)' (ln
a a
x
x
a
ln
1
)' (log
) 0 , 0 ( . )' (
1
>

x x x

n n
n
x n
x
1
1
)' (

a a u a
u u
ln . '. )' (
u
u
u
'
)' (ln
a u
u
u
a
ln .
'
)' (log
' . )' (
1
u u u

n n
n
u n
u
u
1
.
'
)' (

7 .CC DNG C BN CA PHNG TRNH , BT PHNG TRNH M V LGARIT.


a) ) ( ) ( 1 0
) ( ) (
x g x f a a a
x g x f
<

'

> >

) ( ) (
) 0 ) ( ( 0 ) (
) ( l o g ) ( l o g
x g x f
x g h a y x f
x g x f
a a
b) ) ( ) ( 1
) ( ) (
x g x f a a a
x g x f
> > >

0 ) ( ) ( ) ( log ) ( log > > > x g x f x g x f
a a
c) ) ( ) ( 1 0
) ( ) (
x g x f a a a
x g x f
< > < <

) ( ) ( 0 ) ( log ) ( log x g x f x g x f
a a
< < >
I. LY THA
* n gin biu thc.
1) ( )
5
5
2 3 12 6
. . y x y x 2)
3 3
3
4
3
4
b a
ab b a
+
+
3)
1 .
1
.
1
4
1
4
2
1
3
4
+
+
+
+

a
a
a a
a a
a
4)

,
_

,
_

+
+

+
m
m
m
m
m
1
2
1
2
.
2 2
4
2
1
3
2
* Tnh gi tr ca biu thc.
1)
5
3
3
1
75 , 0
32
1
125
1
81

,
_


,
_

+ 2)
2 0
3
1
1
3
2
2
3
1
) 9 ( 8 64 . ) 2 ( 001 , 0 +

3)
5 , 0
75 , 0
3
2
25
16
1
27
,
_

4)
3
2
1
1
25 , 0 4
) 3 ( 19
4
1
2 625 ) 5 , 0 (

+
,
_


* Bin i a v dng ly tha vi s m hu t.
1)
7 3 5
. 2
8
1
ax
2)
3 4 5
. a a 3)
4 8 3
. b b 4)
4 3
. 27
3
1
a
* Tnh .
1)
( )
3
3
3

,
_

2)
3 1 3 2 1
16 . 4
+
3)
2 3
2
3
27
4)
( )
5
5 4
8
2
* n gin cc biu thc.
1)
1
) (
2 3 2
3 2 2 2
+

b a
b a
2)
3 3 4
3 3 3 3 2 3 2
) )( 1 (
a a
a a a a

+ +
3)

,
_

+ ab b a . 4 ) (
1
2
II. LGARIT.
* Bit log
5
2 = a v log
5
3 = b . Tnh cc lgarit sau theo a v b.
Trang 2
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
1) log
5
27 2) log
5
15 3) log
5
12 4) log
5
30
* Lgarit theo c s 3 ca mi biu thc sau , ri vit di dng tng hoc hiu cc lgarit.
1)
( )
3
2
5 3
b a
2)
2 , 0
6 5
10

,
_

b
a
3)
5 4
9 b a 4)
7
2
27a
b

* Tnh gi tr cc biu thc.
1) log
9
15 + log
9
18 log
9
10 2)
3
3
1
3
1
3
1
45 log 3 400 log
2
1
6 log 2 +
3)
3 log
2
1
2 log
6
1 36

4)
) 3 log . 4 (log log
2 3
4
1
* Tnh gi tr cc biu thc.
1)
2 log 8 log
4 log
2
1
4
1
7 125
9
49 . 25 81

,
_

2)
5 log 3 3 log
2
1
5 log 1
5 2
4
42 16
+
+
+
3)

,
_

4 log
6 log 9 log
2
1
5
7 7
5 49 72
* Tm x bit.
1) log
6
x = 3log
6
2 + 0,5 log
6
25 2 log
6
3. 2) log
4
x =
3 log 4 10 log 2 216 log
3
1
4 4 4
+

* Tnh.
1)
20 20
) 3 2 log( ) 3 2 log( + + 2) ) 7 2 5 log( ) 1 2 log( 3 + +
3)
e
e
1
ln ln +
4) ) . ln( 4 ln
2 1
e e e +

* Tm x bit
1) log
x18
= 4 2)
5
3
2 log
5

x
3) 6 ) 2 . 2 ( log
3

x
* Bit log
12
6 = a , log
12
7 = b. Tnh log
2
7 theo a v b.
* Bit log
2
14 = a. Tnh log
49
32 theo a
III. HM S M LGARIT LY THA.
* Tm tp xc nh ca cc hm s sau.
1) y =
1
x
x
e
e
2) y = 1
1 2

x
e 3) y = ln
,
_

x
x
1
1 2
4) y = log(-x
2
2x ) 5) y = ln(x
2
-5x + 6) 6) y =

,
_

+
x
x x
3 1
1 3 2
log
2
2
* Tm cc gii hn.
1)
x
e
x
x
1
lim
3
0

2)
x
e e
x x
x
5
lim
3 2
0

3)
) 3 2 ( lim
5
x x
x

4)

,
_


x e x
x
x
1
. lim
5)
x
x
3
9
log lim

6)
x
x
x
) 1 4 ln(
lim
0
+

7)
x
x x
x
) 1 2 ln( ) 1 3 ln(
lim
0
+ +


8)
x
x
x
2 sin
) 3 1 ln(
lim
0
+

9)
1 1
1
lim
0
+

x
e
x
x
10)
x
x
x
tan
) 2 1 ln(
lim
0
+

* Tnh o hm ca cc hm s sau.
1) y = (x
2
-2x + 2).e
x
2) y = (sinx cosx).e
2x
3) y =
x x
x x
e e
e e

4) y = 2
x
-
x
e 5) y = ln(x
2
+ 1) 6) y =
x
x ln
7) y = (1 + lnx)lnx 8) y = 1 ln .
2 2
+ x x 9) y = 3
x
.log
3
x
10) y = (2x + 3)
e
11) y =
x
x

. 12) y =
3
x
13) y =
3 2
2 ln x 14) y =
3
2 cos x 15) y = 5
cosx + sinx
* Chng minh rng mi hm s sau y tha mn h thc tng ng cho.
1) y = e
sinx
; ycosx ysinx y = 0
Trang 3
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
2) y = ln(cosx) ; ytanx y 1 = 0
3) y = ln(sinx) ; y + ysinx + tan
2
x
= 0
4) y = e
x
.cosx ; 2y 2y y = 0
5) y = ln
2
x ; x
2
.y + x. y = 2
IV. PHNG TRNH M.
* Gii cc phng trnh:
1). (0,2)
x-1
= 1 2). 3
3
1
1 3

,
_

x
3).
16 4
2 3
2

+ x x
4).
x
x
3 4
2
2
2
1
2


,
_

5). ( ) ( ) 2 2 3 2 2 3
2
+
x
6).
( ) ( )
1
1
1
2 5 2 5
+

+
x
x
x
7).
1
5
9 3
2
+

x
x
8).
25 5
4
2

+ x x
9) 3
x
.2
x+1
= 72 9) 2
2
1
.
2
1
2 1 7

,
_

,
_

+ x x
10)
27
60 20
5 . 3 . 4
1 3 1

+ + x x x
11) 5
x+1
+ 6. 5
x
3. 5
x-1
= 52
12) 2. 3
x+1
6. 3
x-1
3
x
= 9 13) 4
x
+ 4
x-2
4
x+1
= 3
x
3
x-2
3
x+1
* Gii cc phng trnh.
1) 4
x
+ 2
x+1
8 = 0 2) 4
x+1
6. 2
x+1
+ 8 = 0
3) 3
4x+8
4. 3
2x+5
+ 27 4) 3
1+x
+ 3
1-x
= 10
5) 5
x-1
+ 5
3 x
= 26 6) 9
x
+ 6
x
= 2. 4
x

7) 4
x
2. 5
2x
= 10
x
8) 27
x
+ 12
x
= 2. 8
x
9) ( ) ( ) 2 3 2 3 2 + +
x x
10)
14 48 7 48 7
,
_

+ +
,
_

x x

11)
12 35 6 35 6
,
_

+
,
_

+
x x
12) ( ) ( )
x
x x
2 . 14 5 3 7 5 3 7 + +
13) 3
2x+4
+ 45. 6
x
9. 2
2x+2
= 0 14) 8
x+1
+ 8.(0,5)
3x
+ 3. 2
x+3
= 125 24.(0,5)
x
* Gii cc phng trnh.
1)
4 4
2 3
2

x x x
2)
4 5 1
2
3 2
+

x x x
3) x
x
x

2
2
3 . 36 8
4)
500 8 . 5
1

x
x
x
5)
x
x
25 5
5
log 3

6)
5 3 log 6
3 3 .

x
x
7)
2 log
9
. 9 x x
x

8)
5 log 3 4
5 5 .
x
x
* Gii cc phng trnh.
1) 2
x
+ 3
x
= 5
x
2) 3
x
+ 4
x
= 5
x
3) 3
x
= 5 2x 4) 2
x
= 3 x
5) log
2
x = 3 x 6) 2
x
= 2 log
2
x 7) 9
x
+ 2(x 2)3
x
+ 2x 5 = 0
V. PHNG TRNH LGARIT.
* Gii cc phng trnh.
1) log
2
x(x + 1) = 1 2) log
2
x + log
2
(x + 1) = 1 3) log(x
2
6x + 7) = log(x 3)
4) log
2
(3 x) + log
2
(1 x) = 3 5) log
4
(x + 3) log
2
(2x 7) + 2 = 0
6)
x
x
x x
2 log
log
log . log
125
5
25
5

7) 7
logx
+ x
log7
= 98 8) log
2
(2
x+1
5) = x
* Gii cc phng trnh.
1) log
2
2
(x - 1)
2
+ log
2
(x 1)
3
= 7 2) log
4x
8 log
2x
2

+ log
9
243 = 0
3)
3 3 log log 3
3 3
x x
4) 4log
9
x + log
x
3 = 3
5) log
x
2 log
4
x + 0
6
7
6)
x
x
x
x
81
27
9
3
log 1
log 1
log 1
log 1
+
+

+
+
7) log
9
(log
3
x) + log
3
(log
9
x) = 3 + log
3
4 8) log
2
x.log
4
x.log
8
x.log
16
x =
3
2
9) log
5
x
4
log
2
x
3
2 = -6log
2
x.log
5
x10)
3 log ) 5 2 ( log
2
5 2
2
2
+ x x
x
x
VI. H PHNG TRNH M V LGARIT.
* Gii cc h phng trnh sau.
Trang 4
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
1)

'

+ +
+
1 5 l o g 1 l o g l o g
1 1
2 2 2
y x
y x
2)

'

+
+ +
3 l o g ) l o g ( ) l o g (
8 l o g 1 ) l o g (
2 2
y x y x
y x
3)

'

2 ) ( l o g
9 7 2 2 . 3
3
y x
y x
4)

'


+
2 l o g l o g
2 5
2 2
y x
y x
5)

'

+
+
1
4 3 3
y x
y x

6)

'

+
+

3
9
4
3 3
y x
y x
7)

'

+
+
+
5 5 . 2
7 5 2
1 y x x
y x x
8)

'

+

1 ) ( l o g ) ( l o g
3
5 3
2 2
y x y x
y x
9)

'

+
+
0 l o g . l o g ) ( l o g
) ( l o g l o g l o g
2
2 2 2
y x y x
x y y x
10)

'

3 l o g 4 l o g
l o g l o g
) 3 ( ) 4 (
4 3
y x
y x

11)

'

+
+
1 2 3 3
) ( 2 4
2 2
2 l o g l o g
3 3
y x y x
x y
x y
12)

'

+
6 4
l o g 1
2
y
x
x y

13)

'

+

1 ) 2 3 ( l o g ) 2 3 ( l o g
5 4 9
3 5
2 2
y x y x
y x
14)

'

y
x
y
x
y x x y
3
3
3
2 7 2 7 2 7
l o g 4
l o g 3
l o g
l o g . l o g 3 l o g

VII. BT PHNG TRNH M V LGARIT.
* Gii cc bt phng trnh.
1) 1 3
5 2
>
+ x
2) 27
x
<
3
1
3) 4
2
1
4 5
2
>
,
_

+ x x
4)
1 3 7 3 2
3 . 2 6
+ +
<
x x x
5) 4 3 9
1
+ <
+ x x
6) 3
x
3
-x+2
+ 8 > 0 7)
243
4 log
3
<
+ x
x

9)
5 ) 1 5 ( log
2
1
< + x
10)
4
1 3
log 0
1
x
x
+

11) log
0,8
(x
2
+ x + 1) < log
0,8
(2x + 5)
12)
0 )
1
2 1
(log log
2
3
1
>
+
+
x
x
13) log
2
2
x + log
2
4x 4 > 0 14)
0 log 3 log
3
<
x x
15) log
2
(x + 4)(x + 2) 6 16) 0
1
1 3
log
2
>
+

x
x
x
17)
1 3 log
4
< x
18) log
2
x + log
3
x < 1 + log
2
x.log
3
x 19) 3log
x
4 + 2log
4x
4 + 3log
16x
4 0
Trang 5
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
20)
1
1
]
1


,
_

<
1
1
]
1


,
_

3
4
1
log 1
2
1
log
2
1
3
1
x x
21)
1
1
log log
1
1
log log
3
1
4
1 3 4

+
<
+

x
x
x
x
* Tm tp xc nh ca cc hm s.
1) y = 2
5
1 2
log
8 , 0

+
+
x
x
2) y =
1 ) 2 ( log
2
1
+ x
Ph ng trnh v bt ph ng trnh m
i) ph ng php logarit ho v a v cng c s
1)
500 8 . 5
1

x
x
x 2)
( ) ( ) 2 4 4 2 4 2
2 2
1
+ + x x x x
x

3) 1
3
2.3

+
x x
x x
2
2
2
4)
( ) ( ) 5 5
1 x
1 - x
1 - x
+
+ 2 2
5) 1 1 - x
2
x

+ 3 4x
6)
( ) ( )
3
1
1
3
3 10 3 10
+
+

< +
x
x
x
x
7)
2 4
5 2
2

x x
8)
1
2
2
2
1
2

x
x x
9)
2 1 2 1
4 4 4 9 9 9
+ + + +
+ + < + +
x x x x x x
10)
1 3 1 2
2
1
2
1
+ +

x x
11)
( ) 1 1 2
1
1
2
+
+

x
x
x x
12) ( )
3
2
2
2
1 1
2
>
+
x x
x x
13)
2 4 3 1
5 3 5 3 . 7
+ + + +
+ +
x x x x
Ii) t n ph:
1)
1 4 4 4
7 3 2 5 6 2 3
2 2 2
+ +
+ + + + + x x x x x x

2)
( ) ( ) 4 3 4 7 3 4 7
sin sin
+ +
x x
3)
( )
1
2
12
2
1
2 . 6 2
1 3
3
+
x x
x x

4) ( ) 0 5 2 3 2 . 2 9 + + x x
x x

5) ( ) 7 7 , 0 . 6
100
7
2
+
x
x
x
6)
1
1 2
3
1
3
3
1
+

,
_

,
_

x x
= 12
7)
12
3
1
3
3
1 x
2
x
2
>

,
_

,
_

+1
8)
10 9 9
2 2
cos sin
+
x x
9)
1 1 2
4 2 2 12
x x x + + +
+ +
10)
2 2
2 1 2 2
2 9.2 2 0
x x x x + + +
+
11) ( ) ( )( ) ( ) 3 2 4 3 2 3 4 7 3 2 + + + +
x x
12)
0 6.3 - 1 -7.3 5.3
1 x x 1 - x 1 - 2x
+ +
+
9
13) 0 6.9 13.6 - 6.4
x x x
+
14) 3 2.3 - 9
x x
< 15) 0 32 6.2 - 4
1 x x
+
+
16)
( ) ( ) 0 2 - 5 3 5 3
2
2 2
x - 2x 1
x - 2x x - 2x
+ +
+
17) 20 5 - 3.15 12.3
1 x x x
+
+
18) 3 2 3
1 - x 1 - 2x
+
19)
( ) ( ) 12 35 6 35 - 6
x x
+ +
20)
21)
2 4 4
3 8.3 9.9 0
x x x x + + +


22) 0 2 2
64 3 1 2

+ + x x
23)
( ) ( ) 4 3 2 3 2 + +
x x
24) ( ) ( ) 0 2 3 2 3 3 4 7 + +
x x
25)
1 1 1
2 2 2
9 6 4 . 2
+ + +
+
x x x
26)
1 2 . 2 2 2
5 6 1 6 5
2 2
+ +
+ x x x x
27)
10 16 16
2 2
cos sin
+
x x
28) 0
1 2
1 2 2
1

x
x x
29)
x x x x
2 2 . 15 2
5 3 6 3 2
< +
+ +
30)
2 2 2
2 2 1 2 1
5 . 34 9 25
x x x x x x + +
+
31)
0 3 . 18 3
1
log
log
3
2
3
> +
x
x
x
32)
0 9 . 9 3 . 8 3
4 4 2
>
+ + + x x x x
33)
3 log
2
1
1
2
4
9
1
3
1
>

,
_

,
_

x x
34)
9 3 3 9
2
>
+ x x x
35)
x x x x
9 9 3 . 8
4 4
1
> +
+ +
36)
1 3 1 3
2 2
3 . 28 3 9
+
< +
x x
37)
0 1 3 . 4 3 . 4
2 1
2
+
+ x x x
38)
2
5
2
2
1
2
2
1
log log
> +
x x
x
Trang 6
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
0 17 3 .
3
26
9 +

,
_

x x 39)
0 1 2 4
2 1
2
+
+ + + x x x
III) ph ng php hm s:
1)
1 2
2 10 25
+
+
x x x
2)
x x x
9 . 3 6 . 2 4
3)
2
6 . 5 2 . 9 3 . 4
x
x x

4)
1 3
2 50 125
+
+
x x x
5) ( )
2
2
1
2 -2 1
x x x
x

6) 1 6 3 . 3 2 . 2 > +
x x x
7) ( )
x 2 2 2
3 2x 3x - .2x 3 2x 3x - + + > + + 2 5 2 5 x x
x
8)
x
x
3 8 1
2
+
)
5 log log 2
2 2
3 x x
x
+
10) ( ) 0 3 3 10 3 3
2 3 2
+ +

x x
x x
11) ( )
2 1
1 2 2
2
+

x
x x x

12)
13 2 3
4 2 4
> +
+ + x x
13) 0
2 4
2 3 3
2

x
x
x
14) 3
x
+ 5
x
= 6x + 2
Mt s bi ton t luyn:
1) 7. 3
x+1
- 5
x+2
= 3
x+4
- 5
x+3

2) 6. 4
x
- 13.6
x
+ 6.9
x
= 0 3) 7
6-x
= x + 2
4)
( ) ( ) 4 3 2 3 2 + +
x x

5)
2 3 1
x
x
+
6) 3
x+1
+ 3
x-2
- 3
x-3
+ 3
x-4
= 750
7) 3..25
x-2
+ (3x - 10)5
x-2
+ 3 - x = 0
8)
( ) ( )
x
x x
2 3 2 3 2 + +
9)5
x
+ 5
x +1
+ 5
x + 2
= 3
x
+ 3
x + 3
- 3
x +1 1
( )
2
3
3 4 1
2
2
10) 1 1 11)2 4
12)8 36.3
x
x x x
x
x
x
x

+

+
+

( ) ( )
1
14)5 5 4 0 15)6.9 13.6 6.4 0
16) 5 24 5 24 10
x x x x x
x x

+ +
+ +
( )
2
8 1 3
17) 15 1 4 18)2 4
x
x x x x +
+
2
5
6
2
1 2 1 2
19)2 16 2
20)2 2 2 3 3 3
x x
x x x x x x
+

+ + +
( )
( )
( )
2
2
1
1 2 2
2
4
2 2
4 8 2 5 2 6 7
21)2 .3 .5 12 22) 1 1
23) 1 24) 2 2 1
25)3 4.3 27 0 26)2 2 17 0
x
x x x
x
x
x x x x
x x
x x x x

+ + + +
+
+
+ +
( ) ( )
+ +

27) 2 3 2 3 4 0
28)2.16 15.4 8 0
x x
x x
( )
2 2 3
x 3 x 3 x-1
42) 2 .5 0,01. 10

( ) ( )
+ + 29) 7 4 3 3 2 3 2 0
x x
( ) ( )
+
+ +
3
30) 3 5 16 3 5 2
x x
x
1 1 1
2 3 3
31)3.16 2.81 5.36
32)2.4 6 9
33)8 2 12 0
x x x
x x x
x
x x
+
+
+
+
( ) ( )
2 1 2 2 1 1 2
2
34)3 4 5 35)3 4 0
36)2 3 5 2 3 5
37) 3 2 2 1 2 0
x x x x
x x x x x x
x x
x
x x
+ + +
+ +
+ + + +
+
( )
( )
2 x
x
2 1
1 x
1
3 x 3
1
5
2 x 1
4 x 10
3 1 x-3
3
1 3x-7
1
38) 3.3 . 81
3
39) 2 4 .0,125 4 2
40) 2.0,5 -16 0
41) 8 0,25 1
x
x
x
x
x
x
+ +
+
+
+
+

2
2 2 2 2
x 12 3
x
x 1 x x 1 x 2
2x-1 x-1
1 1 1
x
25 27
43) 0,6
9 125
44) 2 -3 3 -2
45) 3.5 -2.5 0,2
46) 10 25 4,25.50
x x

+
_ _


, ,

+
2 2
x 1 x 3
x x-1
47) 9 -36.3 3 0
48) 4 -10.2 -24 0

+

h ph ng trnh m v h ph ng trnh logarit


Trang 7
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
1)
( ) ( )
2 2
log 5 log
l g l g4
1
l g l g3
x y x y
o x o
o y o
+

'

2)
( ) ( )
3 3
4 32
log 1 log
+

'

x y
y x
x y x y
3)

'

+
5
1
1 0 5 1 5
2
x y
y
x x
4)
( )

'

+
3 2 3 l o g
2 l o g
1
y
y
x
x
5)
( )
( )

'

+
+

y x
x y
y x
y x
2
2
6 9
1 2
2
2
6)

'


1 2
3
3
1 l o g
y
x
x y
7)
( )
2 4
4
9 27.3 0
1 1
l g l g lg 4
4 2
xy y
o x o y x

'
+

8)
( )

'

2 l o g
1 1 5 2 2 . 3
5
y x
y x
10)
( )

'

2 l o g
9 7 2 2 . 3
3
y x
y x
9)
( )
( ) ( )
2 2
l g 1 l g8
l g l g l g3
o x y o
o x y o x y o
+ +

'
+

11)
( )
( ) ( ) ( )

'

+
x y x y x y
x y
5 5 5
l o g 2 1
l o g l o g 1 2 2 l o g 2
4 8 3
3
12) ( ) ( ) ( ) y x y x y x + +
3
2 2
3
3 3
9
log log log
13)
( )

'

+
+
0 2 0 2
1 l o g 2 l o g l o g
1 8
a y x
a y x
a a
20)
( ) ( )
1
l g 3 l g 5 0
4 4 8 8 0
y
x y x
o x o y

'

21)
( )
( )

'

+
+
2 3 2 l o g
2 2 3 l o g
y x
y x
y
x
22)
( )

'

>
+
+

0 y 6 4
5 , 1
5 , 2 x
x x
y
y y
23)
( )
( ) ( )
l g l g5 l g l g l g6
l g
1
l g 6 l g l g6
o x y o o x o y o
o x
o y o y o
+ +

'

+ +

24)
( )

'



1 l o g
1 l o g l o g
2
2
x y
x
x
y
y x y
25)
( ) ( )

'


+
1 l o g l o g
2 2
y x
y x y x
y x
26)
( )

'

9 l o g 2 4
3 6
6
2
x y x
x
y x
27)
( ) ( )

'


+
2
1 l o g l o g
2 2
2 2
v u
v u v u

28)
( )

'

0 p q v q p
y
x
y
x
y x
a
a
a
q p
l o g
l o g
l o g
Trang 8
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
14)
( )
( )

'

+
+

y x y x
y x
x y
5
l o g 3
2 7
5
3
15)
( ) ( )

'

+
+

8
5 3
5 4 2
1 2
y x
y x
y x
y x
x y x y
16)
( ) ( )

'

>

0 x 6 4 2
2
2
y
y
x
x
17)

'

+
+

3
1
5 2
1 2
1
l o g
l o g
2 2
5
2
y x
x
y
y
x
18)
( )

'

> +

+
0 x 8
1
1 0 7
2
y x
x
y y
19)

'

,
_

3 2
0 5 l o g 2 l o g 2
2
1
2
x y
y x
x
y
29)

'

,
_

+
5 l o g l o g 2 2
1 2
1
2
y x
y x
x
y
30)
( )

'

>


0 x 2
1
1 6
2 2
y x
x
y x
35)
( ) ( )
l g l g
l g4 l g3
3 4
4 3
o x o y
o o
x y

'

36)
( )

'

< +

0 a
2 2 2 2
2
l g 5 , 2 l g l g a y x
a x y
37)

'


+
1 l o g l o g
4
4 4
l o g l o g
8 8
y x
y x
x y
38 )
( )
( )

'


+
1 3 7 , 0
1 2
1 6 2
8
2
2
x x y x
y x
x y x
y x
39)

'


+
1 l o g l o g
2 7 2
3 3
l o g l o g
3 3
x y
y x
x y
PHNG TRNH V BT PHNG TRNH LOgrIT
1. ( ) ( )
5 5 5
log x log x 6 log x 2 + +
2.
5 25 0,2
log x log x log 3 +
3.
( )
2
x
log 2x 5x 4 2 +
4.
2
x 3
lg(x 2x 3) lg 0
x 1
+
+ +


5.
1
.lg(5x 4) lg x 1 2 lg0,18
2
+ + +
6.
1 2
1
4 lgx 2 lgx
+
+
32.
3 1
2
log log x 0
_



,
33. 1
3
4x 6
log 0
x
+

34. ( ) ( )
2 2
log x 3 1 log x 1 + +
36.
5 x
log 3x 4.log 5 1 + > 37.
2
3
2
x 4x 3
log 0
x x 5
+

+
38.
1 3
2
log x log x 1 + >
39.
( )
2
2x
log x 5x 6 1 + <
Trang 9
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
7.
2 2
log x 10log x 6 0 + +
8.
0,04 0,2
log x 1 log x 3 1 + + +
9.
x 16 2
3log 16 4log x 2log x
10. 2
2x
x
log 16 log 64 3 +

11.
3
lg(lgx) lg(lgx 2) 0 +
12.
x
3 9
1
log log x 9 2x
2
_
+ +

,
13.
( ) ( )
x x
2 2
log 4.3 6 log 9 6 1
14. ( ) ( )
x 1 x
2 2 1
2
1
log 4 4 .log 4 1 log
8
+
+ +
15.
( )
x x
lg 6.5 25.20 x lg25 + +
16. ( )
( ) ( )
x 1 x
2 lg2 1 lg 5 1 lg 5 5

+ + +
17.
( )
x
x lg 4 5 xlg2 lg3 + +
18.
lgx lg5
5 50 x
18.
2 2
lg x lgx 3
x 1 x 1


19.
2
3 3
log x log x
3 x 162 +
20.
( )
( )
2
x lg x x 6 4 lg x 2 + + +
21. ( ) ( )
3 5
log x 1 log 2x 1 2 + + +
22.
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2
3 3
x 2 l og x 1 4 x 1 l og x 1 16 0 + + + + +
23.
( )
5
log x 3
2 x
+

24.
( )
2
8
log x 4x 3 1 +
25.
3 3
log x log x 3 0 <
26.
( )
2
1 4
3
log log x 5 0
1
>
]
27.
( )
( )
2
1 5
5
log x 6x 8 2log x 4 0 + + <
28. 1 x
3
5
log x log 3
2
+
29.
( )
x
x 9
log log 3 9 1
1
<
]
30.
x 2x 2
log 2.log 2.log 4x 1 >
31. 8 1
8
2
2log (x 2) log (x 3)
3
+ >
40. ( )
2
3x x
log 3 x 1

>
41.
2
2
3x
x 1
5
log x x 1 0
2
+
_
+

,
42.
x 6 2
3
x 1
log log 0
x 2
+
_
>

+
,
43.
2
2 2
log x log x 0 +
44. x x
2
16
1
log 2.log 2
log x 6
>

45.
2
3 3 3
log x 4log x 9 2log x 3 +
46.
( )
2 4
1 2 16
2
log x 4log x 2 4 log x + <
47.
2
6 6
log x log x
6 x 12 +
48.
3
2 2
2 log 2x log x
1
x
x

>
49.
( ) ( )
x x 1
2 1
2
log 2 1 .log 2 2 2
+
>
50.
( ) ( )
2 3
2 2
5 11
2
log x 4x 11 log x 4x 11
0
2 5x 3x


51.
+
>
+
2
3
3
1 log x
1
1 log x
52.
+ <
+
5 5
1 2
1
5 log x 1 log x
53. >
x 100
1
log 100 log x 0
2
54. 1 125 2
5
<
x
log x log
55.
( ) ( ) ( ) 0 4 2 2 1
3
3
1
3
1
< + + + x log x log x log
56.
( ) x log x log
x
2
2
2
2 +
4 57. ( ) ( )
2 2
5 5
log 4 12 log 1 1 x x x + + <
58.
( ) ( ) 1 2 lg
2
1
3 lg
2 2
+ > x x x
59. ( )
3
8
2
4
1 + x log x log
1
60.
( ) ( ) 2 4 3 1 2 4 3
2
3
2
9
+ + > + + + x x log x x log
61.
( ) ( ) 1 1
1
1
2 + > +

x log x log
x
x
62. ( ) ( )
2
3
2 3
3 3
2
3
4 3 2 8 2 x log x x x log x log x log x + +
63.
2 2000 1 < +
x
log
64.
0
1 3 2
5
5
lg
<
+

+
x
x
x
x
65.
2
1
2
2 4
2

,
_

x
x
log
x
Trang 10
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
MT S PHNG TRNH M LGA SIU VIT
3
6
3 2
/ 2
2 3
log ( 1)
log
2 6
1)2 8 14
2)1 8 3
3)log (1 ) log
4)2
5)log ( 3 ) log

+
+
+
+

+
x
x x
x
x
x x
x x
x
x x
2 2
2
5
6)log ( 2 3) log ( 2 4) x x x x
[ ]
2 2
2
log log 5 2
log
2
2 2
2 2
x
2 3 2
7) 3
8) 2.3 =3
9)log ( - 4) log 8(x+2)
10)log 3log (3 1) 1
11)3 4 0
12)3 4 5
13)3 (3 10).3 3

+
+
+
1

]
+
+
+ +
x
x
x
x x
x x
x x
x
x x
x x
x
x
2
2
x
2
2 2
x
x 6 10 2
0
14)3.4 (3 10).2 3 0
15)log log 1 1
16)4.9 12 3.16 0
17)3 os2x
18)3 6 6
+

+ +
+ +
+

+
x
x x
x
x
x
x x
x x
c
x x
2
1
os2x os
lg lg6
19)9 2( 2).3 2 5 0
20)4 - 4 3.2
21)(4 15) (4 - 15) 62
22)4 4 3
23)6 12
24)6 8 10
+ +
+ +

+ +
+
+
+
x x
x x x x
x x
c c x
x
x x x
x x
x
2
2
25)log 8log 2 3
x
x
2
2
lg lg5
lg 2
7 3
3
3
1 1
26) lg( 2)
8 2
27) 4 6 9
28)( 1 1 2)log ( ) 0
29)5 50
30) 1000
31)log log ( 2)
32)3log (1
+
+
+ +

+
+ +
x
x x x
x
x
x
x x x x
x
x x
x x
x x
5
2
log ( 3)
3
2 7
4
12 9
2
) 2log
33)2
34) log (1 ) log
1
35)log ( ) log
2
36)lg( 6) lg( 2) 4
+

+

+ + +
x
x
x
x x
x x x
x x x x
Trang 11
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
BI TP V PHNG TRNH BT PHNG TRNH H PHNG TRNH
M V LOGARIT
A. PHNG TRNH M:
Bi 1: Gii cc phng trnh:
1/. 3
x
+ 5
x
= 6x + 2 2/. 12.9
x
- 35.6
x
+ 18.4
x
= 0
3/. 4
x
= 3x + 1 4/.
( ) ( )
3 2 2 3 2 2 6
x x
x
+ +
5/.
( ) ( )
2 3 2 3 4
x x
+ + 6/.
2 2 18 2 6
x x
+ +
7/. 12.9
x
- 35.6
x
+ 18.4
x
= 0 8/. 3
x
+ 3
3 - x
= 12.
9/.
3 6 3
x x
+
10/. 2008
x
+ 2006
x
= 2.2007
x
11/. 125
x
+ 50
x
= 2
3x + 1
12/.
2
1 1
2 5
x x +

13/.
2
2 8
2 2 8 2
x x x
x x
+
+
14/.
2 2
2
2 2 5
x x x x +
+
15/.
15. x
2
.2
x
+ 4x + 8 = 4.x
2
+ x.2
x
+ 2
x + 1
16. 6
x
+ 8 = 2
x + 1
+ 4.3
x

17.
2 2 2
( 1) 1
4 2 2 1
x x x x + +
+ +
18/ 3
x + 1
= 10 x.
19/.
2. 3 3 1 4
2 5.2 2 0
x x x x + + + +
+
20/. (x + 4).9
x
(x + 5).3
x
+ 1 = 0
21/. 4
x
+ (x 8)2
x
+ 12 2x = 0 22/.
4 3
3 4
x x

23/.
2 2
2 2
4 ( 7).2 12 4 0
x x
x x + +
24/. 8
x
7.4
x
+ 7.2
x + 1
8 = 0
Bi 2: Tm m cc phng trnh sau c nghim:
1/.
1 3 1 3
4 14.2 8
+ + + +
+
x x x x
m
2/.
2 2
1 1
9 8.3 4
x x x x
m
+ +
+
3/.
54
9 3
3
+ +
x
x
m 4/. 4
x
2
x + 1
= m
Bi 3: Tm m phng trnh 9
x
2.3
x
+ 2 = m c nghim x(1; 2).
Bi 4: Tm m phng trnh 4
x
2
x + 3
+ 3 = m c ng 2 nghim x(1; 3).
Bi 5: Tm m phng trnh 9
x
6.3
x
+ 5 = m c ng 1 nghim x [0; + )
Bi 6: Tm m phng trnh
| | | | 1
4 2 3
x x
m
+
+
c ng 2 nghim.
Bi 7: Tm m phng trnh 4
x
2(m + 1).2
x
+ 3m 8 = 0 c hai nghim tri du.
Bi 8: Tm m phng trnh
2 2
2
4 2 6
x x
m
+
+
c ng 3 nghim.
Bi 9: Tm m phng trnh
2 2
9 4.3 8
x x
m +
c nghim x[2; 1].
Bi 10: Tm m phng trnh 4
x
2
x + 3
+ 3 = m c ng 1 nghim.
Bi 11: Tm m phng trnh 4
x
2
x
+ 6 = m c ng 1 nghim x[1; 2].
B. BT PHNG TRNH H PT M:
Bi 1: Gii cc phng trnh:
1/.
3 2
2 3
x x
> 2/. ( ) ( )
3 2 3 2 2
x x
+ +
3/.
2
x + 2
+ 5
x + 1
< 2
x
+ 5
x + 2
4/. 3.4
x + 1
35.6
x
+ 2.9
x + 1
0
5/.
( )
( ) ( )
2
2
1
2 1 2 2 1 . 2 5
x x x +
+ > + + 6/.
1
1
4 3.2 8
0
2 1
x x
x
+
+
+

7/.
2
2 4
x x

8/.
3 1 3 2 3
x x
+ +
9/. 2
x

1
.3
x + 2
> 36 10/.
2 2 11 2 5
x x
+ +
Trang 12
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
11/.
1
9 4.3 27 0
x x+
+
12/.
2 2
2 3 2 3
2 3
x x x x

13/.
1 1 1
4 5.2 16 0
x x x x + + +
+
14/.
2
3 4
0
6
x
x
x x
+
>

15/.
1
6 4 2 2.3
x x x +
+ < +
16/.
1 1
1 2
2 2 9
x x
+
+ <
17/.
( )
2 2 1
2 9.2 4 . 2 3 0
x x
x x
+
+ + 18/.
Bi 2: Tm m bt phng trnh:
4 2 0
x x
m
nghim ng x

(0; 1).
Bi 3: Tm m bt phng trnh:
1
4 3.2 0
x x
m
+

nghim ng x

R.
Bi 4: Tm m bt phng trnh:
2
4 2 0
x x
m
+

c nghim x

(1; 2).
Bi 5: Tm m bt phng trnh:
3 3 5 3
x x
m + +
nghim ng x

R.
Bi 6: Tm m bt phng trnh:
2 7 2 2
x x
m + +
c nghim.
Bi 7: Tm m bt phng trnh:
9 2.3 0
x x
m
nghim ng x

(1; 2).
Bi 8: Cho phng trnh:
( ) ( ) 0 1 2 1 2
1
2 2
+ + +

m
x x
(1) (m l tham s)
Tm m phng trnh (1) c nghim.
Bi 9: Gii cc h phng trnh
1/.
2 5
2 1
y
y
x
x

'

2/.
2 2
3 3 ( )( 8)
8
y x
y x xy
x y

'
+

3/.
1
2 6
8
4
y
y
x
x

'

4/.
3 2 11
3 2 11
x
y
x y
y x

+ +

'
+ +

5/.
2 .9 36
3 .4 36
y x
y x

'

6/.
2 2
2 2
3
y x
y x
x xy y

'
+ +

7/.
2 4
4 32
x
x
y
y

'

8/.
4 3 7
4 .3 144
y x
y x

'

9/.
.
2 5 20
5 .2 50
y x
y x

'

10/.
2 3 17
3.2 2.3 6
y x
y x

'

11/.
3 2 1
3 2 1
x
y
y
x

'
+

12/.
2
3 1
3 19
y
y
x
x

'
+

C. PHNG TRNH LOGARIT.


Bi 1: Gii cc phng trnh:
1/.
3
log log 9 3
x
x +
2/.
( ) ( ) 2 4
1
log 2 1 .log 2 2 1
x x+

3/.
2
2
2
log 3.log 2 0 x x + 4/.
( ) ( )
3
3
log 9 log 3 1
x x
x x +
5/.
( ) ( ) 5 5 5
1
.log 3 log 3 2 log 3 4
x x
x
+
+
6/. 3 3
log log 2
4 6
x
x +
7/.
( )
( )
2
3 3
log 5 log 2 5 x x x +
8/.
2
3
3
log ( 12) log 11 0 x x x x + +
9/.
2
3 3
log log
3 6
x x
x +
10/. ( ) 2 2
log 4 log 2 4 x x + +
11/.
2
2 2 2
2
log 3.log 2 log 2 x x x + 12/.
2 3 3 2 3
log .log .log 3 log 3log x x x x x x x + + + +
13/. ( ) ( )
3 2
3.log 2 2.log 1 x x + +
14/. 3 3 3
log 4 log log 2 2
.2 7.
x
x x x
Trang 13
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
15/. ( ) ( )
2
2
2
log 4 log 2 5 x x
16/. ( ) ( )
3 27 27 3
1
3
log log log log x x +
17/.
3 3
log 2 4 log x x + 18/.
2 3 3 2
log .log 3 3.log log x x x x + +
19/. ( )
2
2 2
4
2.log log .log 7 1 x x x +
20/.
( ) ( ) ( ) 3 3 3
2
log 2 2 log 2 1 log 2 6
x x x+
+ +
21/.
( )
2
2 2
2
8
2
log log 8 8
x
x + 22/.
2
2 2
log log 6
6.9 6. 13.
x
x x +
23/. ( ) ( )
2
2 2 2 2 2
log log .log 1 2 3.log 2.log 1 x x x x x + + +
24/. 2 2
log log 3
3 18
x
x +
25/.
2
2 2
.log 2( 1).log 4 0 x x x x + +
Bi 2: Tm m phng trnh
( ) ( )
2
2
log 2 log x mx
c 1 nghim duy nht.
Bi 3: Tm m phng trnh
2 2
2 2
log log 3 x x m + c nghim x [1; 8].
Bi 4: Tm m phng trnh
( ) 2
log 4 1
x
m x +
c ng 2 nghim phn bit.
Bi 5: Tm m phng trnh
2
3 3
log ( 2).log 3 1 0 x m x m + + c 2 nghim x
1
, x
2
sao cho x
1
.x
2
= 27.
Bi 6: Cho phng trnh:
0 1 2 1
2
3
2
3
+ + m x log x log
(2)
1) Gii phng trnh (2) khi m = 2.
2) Tm m phng trnh (2) c t nht 1 nghim thuc on
1
]
1

3
3 1;

Bi7 : Chng minh rng: vi mi a > 0, h phng trnh sau c nghim duy nht:
( ) ( ) ln 1 ln 1
x y
e e x y
y x a
+ +

'


D. BT PHNG TRNH H PT LOGARIT.
Bi 1: Gii cc bt phng trnh:
1/. ( ) ( )
2 4 4 2
log log log log 2 x x +
2/.
2 2
log 3 log 1 x x + +
3/.
( )
( )
2
2 2
log 3 2 log 14 x x x + +
4/. ( )
2
2 2
3
log 2 log 1 x x
5/.
( ) 2
1
log 4 2
x x
x
+

6/.
( )
2 2
2 2
log 2log 3 5 4 0 x x x x + +
7/.
2 2
log 1 3 log x x 8/.
2
2
log
1
2
log
2 2. 3
x
x
x +
9/.
( )
( )
2
2
2
log 6 5
2
log 2
x x
x
+

10/.
2
2 2
2
log log 2
0
log
2
x x
x

11/.
2 1 1
2
2
log log log 3 1 x x
_

+

,
12/.
2
2 3 3 2
log .log 2 log log x x x x + +
13/.
2
2 2
log log 1
8
x
x
x
_
+

,
14/.
2
3
3
log log
3 6
x x
x +
Bi 2: Gii cc h phng trnh
1/.
2 2
6
log log 3
x y
x y
+
'
+

2/.
( )
2 2
2
3 3
log 6 4
log log 1
x y
x y

+ +

'
+

3/.
log log 2
6
y x
y x
x y
+

'
+

4/.
2 2
2
6
log 3
log log 2
x y
x y
+

'
+

5/.
( ) ( )
2 2
3 5
3
log log 1
x y
x y x y

'
+

6/.
2
2
log 4
2 log 2
x y
x y
+
'

Trang 14
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
7/.
2
3
log
log 2 3
9
y
y
x
x

'

8/.
2 2
2 2
log log
16
log log 2
y x
x y
x y

+
'

9/.
( )
( )
log 2 2 2
log 2 2 2
x
y
x y
y x
+

'
+

10/.
2 2
2
4 2
log log
3. 2. 10
log log 2
y x
x y
x y

'
+

11/.
32
log 4
y
xy
x

'

12/.
( )
2
2
log 4
log 2
xy
x
y

' _


,
Trang 15
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
bin i m
Bi1: Rt gn biu thc:
A =
2
2
1
2
1
1
2
1
2
1
1
3 4
3 2
9 4
1
1
1
]
1

+
+

a a
a a
a a
a a
vi 0 < a 1,
2
3
B =
3 2
6
2 3
1
2 1 32 . 2
a
a a a a

,
_

+
2
C =
2
2
1 1
1 2
x
x ab
+

vi x = 2
1

,
_

+
a
b
b
a
a, b <
0
D =
( ) ( )
( )
3
1 2 2
2 1
2
1 2


b a b a
b a ab ba
E =
( )

,
_

+
+
+






1 1
1 1
1 1
1 1
1 1
4
1
b a
b a
b a
b a
ab b a
vi ab 0, a
t b
F =
b a
b
a
b
a
ab
n
n
n
n
n


1
1
G =
) )( )( (
) )( (
2
1
2
1
4
1
4
1
4
1
4
1
3
4
3
2
3
1
3
2
3
2
3
1
b a b a b a
b b a a b a
+ +
+ +
vi a, b >
0
H =
1 1 1
2 2 2
1 1
2 2
2 2 1
.
1
2 1
a a a
a
a a a
_
+ +


+ +
,
I =
3
2 3
3
2
3
2
2
2 3
3
2
3
2
2
3 6 4 2 2 4 6
2
2 ) (
2 ) (
3 3
1
1
1
1
]
1

+ +
+
+ + +
b b a a
b b a a
b b a b a a
a
K =
ab a
b
a
b
a
ab
ab
b a
b a ab
+
+ +

,
_

+
+


2 1
.
1
2
4
4 3 4 3
vi a, b > 0 v a b
Bi2: Rt gn cc biu thc sau:
A = ( )
1
1
1

x
x
x B = ( )
2
16
4
x
x
x

C = + + 1 2 x x 1 2 x x
D = ( )( )
1
4 2
2
4
3 2
1 2
2 3
1 1
2

1
1
]
1

+ +
+ +
+
x x
x x
x x
x
E =
1 ) 2 2 (
4
1
1
1 ) 2 2 (
4
1
1
2
2
+ +
+

x x
x x
F =
x a x a
x a x a
+ +
+
vi x =
1
2
2
+ b
ab
G =
1
1 2
2
2
+

x x
x a
vi x =

,
_

+
a
b
b
a
2
1
a, b < 0
Bi3: Rt gn cc biu thc sau:
A = ( )
2 4
2 a a B = ( )
4 4 8
b a a + C =
2 2
2 2
b a a b a a
+
+
D =

,
_

+
+ a
b
b
a
b a
ab
4
1
1
2
vi a, b > 0 E =
2 2
2 2
b a a b a a

+
Bi4: Bin i cc biu thc sau v dng lu tha c s a, bit:
A =
7 5 3
3 3 3 3
v a = 3 B =
3
5
4
2 4
v a = 2
Bi5: so snh a, b bit: a)
b a
>
b)
( ) ( )
b a
2 5 2 5 + >

bin i logarit
Bi1: Tnh gi tr ca biu thc sau:
Trang 16
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
A =
( )
5
2
1
5
3
1
2
8 2 2
2 2 log
9
27
log 6
2 log 9 8 log +
B =
27 log 3 log 2 4 log 1
8 log 6 log
125 2 9
7 5
5 4 3
3 49 25
+ +
+
+
C =
4
2 2
36 log 2 log 1 5 log
2 log log
3 5 36
9 5 6
+

D = 5 log 2 log
3 log 2
3
3
1
3
2
2
1 9
2
3
4
3 27 log 2 16 4 log

+
+
Bi2: Rt gn biu thc:
A =
3 log
2
2 log
1
8 6
3 4 +
B =
3 log
1
2 log
1
8 6
32 9 +
C =
( )
2
1
7 log 5 log
8 6
49 25 +
Bi3: Tnh gi tr ca cc biu thc sau:
a) A =
6
2
log a bit
2
1
8 log
a
b) B =
a
b
b a
2
2 log bit log
a
b = 2
c) C =
32 log
9
bit log
2
6 = a d) D =
16 log
30
bit a = lg3 v b = lg5
Bi4: Cho m =
3 log
2
v n =
5 log
2
. Tnh theo m v n gi tr ca cc biu thc:
A =
6
2
135 log B =
6
2
3 , 0 log C =
10
3
log
30
D =
2250 log
2
E =
6
2
360 log
Bi5: Cho a =
18 log
12
v b =
54 log
24
.CMR: ab + 5(a - b) = 0
Bi6: Chng minh rng: vi 0 < a, b, c, abc 0 lun c:

d
d d d
d d d d d d
abc
c b a
a c c b b a
log
log . log . log
log log log . log log . log + +
Bi7: Cho 0 < x
1
, x
2
, , x
n
1.
Chng minh rng:

1 log log .... log log log
1 4 3 2
1 3 2 1

x x x x x
n n
x n x x x x
Bi8: Cho 0 < x
1
, x
2
, , x
n
1. Chng minh rng:

a a a
a
n
n
x x x
x x x
log
1
...
log
1
log
1
1
log
2 1
2 1
...
+ + +

Bi9: Chng minh rng vi


c b a
z y x
log , log , log
theo th t lp thnh mt cp s cng ta
lun c:
z x
z x
y
c a
c a
b
log log
log . log 2
log
+

, 0 < a, b, c, x, y, z 1
Bi10: Chng minh rng vi 0 < N 1 v a, b, c theo th t lp thnh mt cp s
nhn ta lun c:
N N
N N
N
N
c b
b a
c
a
log log
log log
log
log

, 0 < a, b, c 1
Bi11: Chng minh rng vi x
2
+ 4y
2
= 12xy; x, y > 0 ta lun c:
( ) ( ) y ln x ln ln y x ln + +
2
1
2 2 2
Bi12: Cho x
a
a y
log 1
1

; z =
y
a
a
log 1
1

. Chng minh: x =
z
a
a
log 1
1


Bi13: Xc nh a, b sao cho:
( ) b a b a + +
2 2 2
log log log
ph ng trnh v bt ph ng trnh m
i) ph ng php logaritho v a v cng c s
1)
500 8 . 5
1

x
x
x HKTQD - 98
2)
( ) ( ) 2 4 4 2 4 2
2 2
1
+ + x x x x
x
H M - D - 2000
3) 1
3
2.3

+
x x
x x
2
2
2
T) M B khi - 2001 - HSPI ( , ,
Trang 17
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
4)
( ) ( ) 5 5
1 x
1 - x
1 - x
+
+ 2 2
2001 - Vinh thut SP k ng (Cao
5) 1 1 - x
2
x

+ 3 4x

A) khi - 2001 - Nai ng SP ng (Cao
6)
( ) ( )
3
1
1
3
3 10 3 10
+
+

< +
x
x
x
x
HGT - 98
7)
2 4
5 2
2

x x
8)
1
2
2
2
1
2

x
x x
9)
2 1 2 1
4 4 4 9 9 9
+ + + +
+ + < + +
x x x x x x
10)
1 3 1 2
2
1
2
1
+ +

x x
11)
( ) 1 1 2
1
1
2
+
+

x
x
x x
12) ( )
3
2
2
2
1 1
2
>
+
x x
x x
13)
2 4 3 1
5 3 5 3 . 7
+ + + +
+ +
x x x x
Ii) t n ph:
1)
1 4 4 4
7 3 2 5 6 2 3
2 2 2
+ +
+ + + + + x x x x x x
HVQHQT - D - 99
2)
( ) ( ) 4 3 4 7 3 4 7
sin sin
+ +
x x
HL - 98
3)
( )
1
2
12
2
1
2 . 6 2
1 3
3
+
x x
x x
HY HN - 2000
4) ( ) 0 5 2 3 2 . 2 9 + + x x
x x
HTM - 95
5) ( ) 7 7 , 0 . 6
100
7
2
+
x
x
x
HAN - D - 2000
6)
1
1 2
3
1
3
3
1
+

,
_

,
_

x x
= 12 HVCTQG TPHCM - 2000
7)
12
3
1
3
3
1 x
2
x
2
>

,
_

,
_

+1
2001) - TPHCM HY (
8)
10 9 9
2 2
cos sin
+
x x
HAN - D - 99
9)
1 1 2
4 2 2 12
x x x + + +
+ +
HTCKT - 99
10)
2 2
2 1 2 2
2 9.2 2 0
x x x x + + +
+
HTL - 2000
11)
( ) ( )( ) ( ) 3 2 4 3 2 3 4 7 3 2 + + + +
x x
HNN - 98
12)
0 6.3 - 1 -7.3 5.3
1 x x 1 - x 1 - 2x
+ +
+
9
A) khi - 2001 - c hng H (
13)
0 6.9 13.6 - 6.4
x x x
+
2001) - dong nh b lp dn H ( i
14) 3 2.3 - 9
x x
<
D) khi - 2001 - st nh c H (
15)
( ) ( ) 0 2 - 5 3 5 3
2
2 2
x - 2x 1
x - 2x x - 2x
+ +
+
( ) 2001 - HPCCC
16)
20 5 - 3.15 12.3
1 x x x
+
+
D) khi - 2001 - hu H (
17)
3 2 3
1 - x 1 - 2x
+

BD) - 2001 - ng lp dan H (
18)
( ) ( ) 12 35 6 35 - 6
x x
+ +
2001) - ngh cng thut k DL H (
19)
0 32 6.2 - 4
1 x x
+
+
( H dn lp vn hin - 2001 - khi D)
20)
0 17 3 .
3
26
9 +

,
_

x x
( H dn lp bnh d ng - 2001 - khi D)
21)
0 9 . 9 3 . 8 3
4 4 2
>
+ + + x x x x
HGT - 98
22) 0 2 2
64 3 1 2

+ + x x
23)
( ) ( ) 4 3 2 3 2 + +
x x
24)
( ) ( ) 0 2 3 2 3 3 4 7 + +
x x
25)
1 1 1
2 2 2
9 6 4 . 2
+ + +
+
x x x
26)
1 2 . 2 2 2
5 6 1 6 5
2 2
+ +
+ x x x x
27)
10 16 16
2 2
cos sin
+
x x
28) 0
1 2
1 2 2
1

x
x x
29)
x x x x
2 2 . 15 2
5 3 6 3 2
< +
+ +
30)
2 2 2
2 2 1 2 1
5 . 34 9 25
x x x x x x + +
+
Trang 18
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
31)
0 3 . 18 3
1
log
log
3
2
3
> +
x
x
x
33)
3 log
2
1
1
2
4
9
1
3
1
>

,
_

,
_

x x
34)
9 3 3 9
2
>
+ x x x
35)
x x x x
9 9 3 . 8
4 4
1
> +
+ +
36)
1 3 1 3
2 2
3 . 28 3 9
+
< +
x x
37)
0 1 3 . 4 3 . 4
2 1
2
+
+ x x x
38)
2
5
2
2
1
2
2
1
log log
> +
x x
x

39)
0 1 2 4
2 1
2
+
+ + + x x x
III) ph ng php hm s:
1)
1 2
2 10 25
+
+
x x x
HVNH - D - 98
2)
x x x
9 . 3 6 . 2 4
HVL - 98
3)
2
6 . 5 2 . 9 3 . 4
x
x x

HHH - 99
4)
1 3
2 50 125
+
+
x x x
HQG - B - 98
5)
( ) 2 - 2
2
1
2
1


x
x x x
) 2001 - li Thu H (
6) ( )
x 2 2 2
3 2x 3x - .2x 3 2x 3x - + + > + + 2 5 2 5 x x
x

2001) - nh b thi HY ( i
7)
1 6 3 . 3 2 . 2 > +
x x x
HY - 99
8) x
x
3 8 1
2
+
9)
5 log log 2
2 2
3 x x
x
+
10) ( ) 0 3 3 10 3 3
2 3 2
+ +

x x
x x
11) ( )
2 1
1 2 2
2
+

x
x x x

12)
13 2 3
4 2 4
> +
+ + x x
13) 0
2 4
2 3 3
2

x
x
x
14) 3
x
+ 5
x
= 6x + 2
Mt s bi ton t luyn:
1) 3
x+1
+ 3
x-2
- 3
x-3
+ 3
x-4
= 750 2) 7. 3
x+1
- 5
x+2
= 3
x+4
- 5
x+3

3) 6. 4
x
- 13.6
x
+ 6.9
x
= 0 4) 7
6-x
= x + 2
5)
( ) ( ) 4 3 2 3 2 + +
x x
( 52/III
1
) 6)
1 3 2
2
+
x
x ( 70/II
2
)
7) 3..25
x-2
+ (3x - 10)5
x-2
+ 3 - x = 0 ( 110/I
2
) 8)
( ) ( )
x
x x
2 3 2 3 2 + +
9)5
x
+ 5
x +1
+ 5
x + 2
= 3
x
+ 3
x + 3
- 3
x +1 1
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
2 1 2 1
2
5
6
3 1 8
1 2
2
1 4 3 3
3 3 3 2 2 2 20 2 16 2 19 4 2 18
4 1 15 17 10 24 5 24 5 16 0 4 6 6 13 9 6 15
0 4 5 5 14 3 36 8 12 4 2 11 1 1 10
2
2
2

+
+

+
+
+ + +
+ + + +
+ +
x x x x x x
x x
x x x
x
x x x
x x x
x x x
x
x
x x x x
x
) ) )
) ) . . . )
) . ) ) )



( ) ( )
( ) 0 17 2 2 ) 26 0 27 3 . 4 3 ) 25 1 2 2 ) 24
1 ) 23 1 1 ) 22 12 5 . 3 . 2 ) 21
7 6 2 5 2 8 4
4
2
2
2
1
2 2 1
2
2
+ + +
+
+ + + +


x x x x
x
x
x
x x x
x x
x x x x


( ) ( ) 0 8 4 . 15 16 . 2 ) 28 0 4 3 2 3 2 ) 27 + +
x x
x x

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
3
2 5 3 16 5 3 ) 30 0 2 3 2 3 3 4 7 ) 29
+
+ + + +
x
x x x x

0 12 2 8 33 9 6 4 2 32 36 5 81 2 16 3 31
3 3 2 1 1 1
+ + +
+
x
x
x x x x
x x x
) . ) . . . )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
3
1 - x x x
7 - 3x
3 - x
x 2
1
x 4
5
x
x 2
x 1
x
10 0,01. .5 2 42) 1 8 41)
0 16 - .0,5 2 40) 2 4 2 39)
81
3
1
. .3 3 38)

2 2

,
_

+
+ + + + + +

+
+
+
+ +
+
+ + +
3 3
3
1
1 3
1
10 3
3
1
1 2 2
2 1 1 2 2 1 2
25 , 0
125 , 0 . 4
0 2 1 2 2 3 ) 37
5 3 2 5 3 2 ) 36 0 4 3 ) 35 5 4 3 ) 34
x
x
x
x
x
x
x x
x x x x x x x x x x
x x
x
Trang 19
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
x x
1 1
2 1 1
12
50 . 25 , 4 25 +

,
_

,
_

x
1
1 - x 1 - 2x
x x x x
3 x
x
10 46) 0,2 2.5 - 3.5 45)
2 - 3 3 - 2 44)
125
27
9
25
0,6 43)
2 2 2 2
2
0 24 - 10.2 - 4 48) 0 3 36.3 - 9 47)
1 - x x x x
2 2
+
3 1
ph ng trnh v bt ph ng trnh logarit
I) ph ng php m ho v a v cng c s:
Gii cc ph ng trnh v cc bt ph ng trnh sau:
( ) ( )
3 2
1 3
3
1) log 2 x x 2 log 2x 2 0
1
+ + +
]
( ) [ ] { }
2
1
2log log 2)
3 4
+ + x
2 2
log 3 1 log 1
( ) ( ) 1 - x log x log 3)
2
1
2
2
1
( ) 3 x log 4)
2
x
+ 4 4x
1 2 4.log log 5) 2
cos
cosx

x
( ) ( ) 1 + + x
3
2
2
2
x 2log 1 - x log 6)
x log x log x log 7)
5 4 3
+
( ) ( ) ( )
3 2
1
8) log x 8 log x 58 log x 4 4
2
x + + + + +
( ) ( ) ( ) 6 x log x - 4 log 3 - 2 x log
2
3
9)
3
4
1
3
4
1
2
4
1
+ + +

10) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 1 log 1 log 1 log 1 log
2 4
2
2 4
2
2
2
2
2
+ + + + + + + + x x x x x x x x
11) ( ) ( ) 1 1 2 log . log log 2
3 3
2
9
+ x x x
12) ( ) ( ) 3 log 3 12 7 log 2 3 log
2
2
2
2
2
+ + + + + + x x x x
13)
x x x x
10 4 3 2
log log log log + +
14)
( ) 3 6 log + x
x
15)
1 2
3 2
log
3

,
_


x
x
16) ( ) ( )
3
8
2
2
4
4 log 4 log 2 1 log x x x + + + +
17)( ) ( ) ( ) 9 3 . 11 log 3 3 log 3 log 1
5
1
5 5
+ +
+ x x
x
18) ( ) ( ) 11 4 log 16 log
2
2
2
x x
19) ( ) ( ) 2l g 1 . 5 l g 5 1 o x o x
1
> +
]
20)
1 2 log
3
< x
21) 1
1
3 2
log
3
<

x
x
22)
0 3 log log
3
3
2
x
23)
( ) [ ] 1 1 3 log log
2
2
1
> +
x
24) ( ) 2 3 8 5 log
2
> + x x
x
25)
0
1
1 3
log
2
>
+

x
x
x
26) ( )
( ) 1 2 log
log
5 , 0
5 , 0
2
2 5
08 , 0

,
_

x
x
x
x
HD: 0,08 =
2 2
2
2 5
5
2
25
2

,
_


,
_

27)
( )
32 2
2
2
2
log log
+
x x
x
28)
( )
3
3
1
3
1
1 1 log log
2
1
+ < x x
29)
2
4
1
log

,
_

x
x
30)
( ) 1 2 log
log
1
1
3
3 5
12 , 0

,
_

x
x
x
x
31)
2 2004 log 1 < +
x
32)
( )
( )
3
5 log
35 log
3
>

x
x
a
a
33) ( ) 0 ) 1 2 ( log 32 2 . 12 4
2
+ x
x x
34)
2
1
2
2 4
log 2

,
_

x
x
x
35)
( ) 1 log
1
1 3 2 log
1
3
1
2
3
1
+
>
+
x
x x
36)
x
x
x
x
2
2
1
2
2
3
2
2
1
4
2
log 4
32
log 9
8
log log <

,
_

,
_

37)
( ) ( ) 0 4 log 2 8 6 log
5
2
5
1
> + + x x x
Trang 20
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
38)
( ) [ ] 0 5 log log
2
4
2
1
> x
39) ( ) 1 6 5
2
2
< + x x
x
log
40)
1 5
2
log
3
<

x
x
41)
( )
1
1
1 3 log
3

x
x
42)
( ) ( )
3
2
1
2
1
2 1 log 1 log
2
1
+ > x x
43)
( ) 2 2 l o g 1 l o g
2
2
2
< + x x
II) ph ng php t n s ph:
Gii cc ph ng trnh:
x
2
lg
x
x x
lg 2
2
9
lg 3
10 ) 1
2

( )
( ) [ ]
( )
3 log
2 - x 9 2 - x 2)
3

2 9 x
( ) ( ) 2 2.3 .log 3 log 3)
x
2
x
2
2 1
( ) lg6 xlg5 2 1 lg x 4)
x
+ + +
( ) ( ) ( ) 1 1 1 +
2
6
2
3
2
2
x - x log x x .log x - x log 5)
( ) ( ) ( ) 0 5x - x lg x x lg 6)
2 2 2 2 2
+ + + 1 5 1
( ) [ ] ( ) 0 2 - x log 1 - x x log 7)
2
2 2
+ x
2
( ) ( ) 6 log - 5 2 log 3 8)
2 2
+ + + + 5 4 5 4
2 2
x x x x
1 log x log 9)
2
2
2
+ + 1 x
10) ( ) ( ) 1 5 5 log . 1 5 log
1
25 5

+ x x
11)
( )
( ) [ ]
( )
3 1 4 log
1 8 1
2


x x
x
12) ( ) ( ) 2 2 5 . 2 log . 1 5 log
2 2

x x
13)
6 3
3 log log
2 2
+ x
x
14)
3 4 log 2 log
2 2
+ x
x
15) ( ) 0 5 6 2 log 1 2 log
2
2
2
2
+ + x x x x x
16) ( ) 0 3 2 log 2 2 5 log
2 5
2
> + +
+
x
x
17)
0 3 18 3
2
1
log
log
3
2
3
> + x
x
18) ( ) 0 2 2 log 1 log
2
2
2
> + + x x x x
19)
4
log log log . log
2
2
3 2 3
x
x x x + <
20)
2
5
2
2
2
1
2
2
1
log log
> +
x x
x
21)
( )
6 3
3
2
3
log log
+
x x
x
22)
( )
3
4 1
5
log 4 1 log 3
2
x
x
+
+ + >
23) x x
2 2
log log 2 >
III) ph ng php hng s bin thin:
1) Gii phng trnh: 0 9 lg 9 lg 2 lg lg
2 3 4
+ x x x x
2) Cho phng trnh: ( ) ( ) ( ) 0 1 lg 1 lg 2 lg 1 2 lg
2 2 3 4
+ + + + m x m m x m m x m x
a) Gii phng trnh vi m = -1.
b) Xc nh m phng trnh c bn nghim phn bit.
IV) S dng tnh n iu (ng bin hoc nghch bin):
Gii cc phng trnh:
2 2 x log
x
2
+ + 2 ) 1
1
2
3
2)
x

+ + x
2
log 1
( ) ( ) [ ] 2 x 8 log x x log 3)
2
2
2
+ + 4
( ) 0 6 2x - x log 5 - x x log 6)
2
2
2
+ +
( ) x log 3 x log 7)
6
log
2
6
+
x
( )
x 2 8)
2
log

+1 x
4) ( ) ( ) 3 2 log 2 2 log
2
2
2
5
4 x x x x
5)
5 log log 2
2 2
3 x x
x
+
Trang 21
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
9) ( ) 0 3 log 4 log
3
2
3
+ + x x x x
8) Gii v bin lun phng trnh:
( )
2 2
2 1
2
log 3 2 log 3 2 x x x m x m x x + + +
10) ( ) ( )
2
l g 6 l g 2 4 o x x x o x + + +
11)
( )
x
x

+3 log
5
2
12) ( ) ( ) 1 log 2 log
2 3
+ + x x
13) ( ) 1 log log
2 3
+ x x
14)
( ) ( ) 3 2 log 2 2 log
2
3 2
2
3 2 2

+
+
x x x x
16) ( ) x x
7
3
2
log 1 log +
18) ( ) x x x
4
8 4
6
log log 2 +
19) ( ) 2 log log
3 7
+ x x
20)
12 7
7
12
log
2
2
3
+


x x x
x
x x
21) ( ) 0 3 log 2 log
2 2
2
> + + x x x x
17)( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 0 16 2 log 2 4 2 log 3
3
2
3
+ + + + + x x x x
h ph ng trnh m v h ph ng trnh logarit
Gii cc h phng trnh:
1)
( ) ( )
2 2
log 5 log
l g l g4
1
l g l g3
x y x y
o x o
o y o
+

'

2)
( ) ( )
3 3
4 32
log 1 log
x y
y x
x y x y
+


'
+

3)

'

+
5
1
1 0 5 1 5
2
x y
y
x x
4)
( )

'

+
3 2 3 l o g
2 l o g
1
y
y
x
x
5)
( )
( )

'

+
+

y x
x y
y x
y x
2
2
6 9
1 2
2
2
6)

'


1 2
3
3
1 l o g
y
x
x y
7)
( )
2 4
4
9 27.3 0
1 1
l g l g lg 4
4 2
xy y
o x o y x

'
+

8)
( )

'

2 l o g
1 1 5 2 2 . 3
5
y x
y x
9)
( )
( ) ( )
2 2
l g 1 l g8
l g l g l g3
o x y o
o x y o x y o
+ +

'
+

10)
( )

'

2 l o g
9 7 2 2 . 3
3
y x
y x
11)
( )
( ) ( ) ( )

'

+
x y x y x y
x y
5 5 5
l o g 2 1
l o g l o g 1 2 2 l o g 2
4 8 3
3
12) ( ) ( ) ( ) y x y x y x + +
3
2 2
3
3 3
9
log log log
13)
( )

'

+
+
0 2 0 2
1 l o g 2 l o g l o g
1 8
a y x
a y x
a a
14)
( )
( )

'

+
+

y x y x
y x
x y
5
l o g 3
2 7
5
3
Trang 22
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
15)
( ) ( )

'

+
+

8
5 3
5 4 2
1 2
y x
y x
y x
y x
x y x y
16)
( ) ( )

'

>

0 x 6 4 2
2
2
y
y
x
x
17)

'

+
+

3
1
5 2
1 2
1
l o g
l o g
2
2
5
2
y x
x
y
y
x
18)
( )

'

> +

+
0 x 8
1
1 0 7
2
y x
x
y y
19)

'

,
_

3 2
0 5 l o g 2 l o g 2
2
1
2
x y
y x
x
y
20)
( ) ( )
1
l g 3 l g 5 0
4 4 8 8 0
y
x y x
o x o y

'

21)
( )
( )

'

+
+
2 3 2 l o g
2 2 3 l o g
y x
y x
y
x
29)

'

,
_

+
5 l o g l o g 2 2
1 2
1
2
y x
y x
x
y
30)
( )

'

>


0 x 2
1
1 6
2 2
y x
x
y x
31)
( )

'


+
2 l g l g l g
1 l g
2
x y
y x
32)

'

3
2 2 . 7 4
3
2
x y
y
y
x
x
33)

'

6 8 9 2 5
2 0 0 2 . 5
2 2
3
3
y x
y x
34)
( )
2 2
1
l g 1,5
2
2
2
10 100 10
10 6
3
2 10 9
o x y
x y
x y
+ +

'
+

+

22)
( )

'

>
+
+

0 y 6 4
5 , 1
5 , 2 x
x x
y
y y
23)
( )
( ) ( )
l g l g5 l g l g l g6
l g
1
l g 6 l g l g6
o x y o o x o y o
o x
o y o y o
+ +

'

+ +

24)
( )

'



1 l o g
1 l o g l o g
2
2
x y
x
x
y
y x y
25)
( ) ( )

'


+
1 l o g l o g
2 2
y x
y x y x
y x
Trang 23
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
26)
( )

'

9 l o g 2 4
3 6
6
2
x y x
x
y x
27)
( ) ( )

'


+
2
1 l o g l o g
2 2
2 2
v u
v u v u
28)
( )

'

0 p q v q p
y
x
y
x
y x
a
a
a
q p
l o g
l o g
l o g
35)
( ) ( )
l g l g
l g4 l g3
3 4
4 3
o x o y
o o
x y

'

36)
( )

'

< +

0 a
2 2 2 2
2
l g 5 , 2 l g l g a y x
a x y
37)

'


+
1 l o g l o g
4
4 4
l o g l o g
8 8
y x
y x
x y
38 )
( )
( )

'


+
1 3 7 , 0
1 2
1 6 2
8
2
2
x x y x
y x
x y x
y x
39)

'


+
1 l o g l o g
2 7 2
3 3
l o g l o g
3 3
x y
y x
x y
40)

'

+
+
4 2
5 2 2
y x
y x
41)

'

y
y
x
x
5 2
1 0 8
42)

'

+

0 4 5
0 l o g l o g 5 , 0
2 2
2 2
y x
y x
43)

'

1 6
2
l o g
l o g
y
x
x
y
y
x
44)

'

+
+
+
2 2
8
5 1 2
l o g l o g
l o g l o g
l o g l o g
z x
y x
z z
x z
z z
y y
y z
x y
z x
45)
( )

'

+
+
+ +
1 1
2
2
2
x x
y
y x
46)

'

+
1
2
9 9
y x
y x
y x y x
47)

'

1 8 2 . 3
1 2 3 . 2
y x
y x
48)
( )
( ) ( )

'

+ + +

1 1 1
2 3 9
2 2
3 l o g l o g
2 2
y x
x y
x y
49)
2cot sin
sin cot
9 3
9 81 2
x y
y gx
+

'

Trang 24
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
50)

'


+
2 2 2
1
y x
y x
51)

'

+ + +
+
+ +
1 1 3
2 . 3 2 2
2
3 2 1 3
x x y x
x y y x
52)
( )

'

1 2 l o g . l o g
3
5 , 2
l o g
x y y
x y x
y
x
y
ph ng trnh v bt ph ng trnh m cha tham s
I) ng dng ca nh l o v du ca tam thc bc hai:
(So snh s vi cc nghim ca phng trnh bc hai)
1) Gii v bin lun phng trnh: ( ) ( ) ( ) 0 1 2 2 . 5 2 . 2 + +

m m m
x x
2) Gii v bin lun phng trnh:
( ) ( )
3
2 5 3 5 3
+
+ +
x
x x
a
3) Xc nh m phng trnh sau c nghim:
( )
( )
( ) 0 6 2 2 . 1 2 2 2
1 1 2
2 2
+ +
+ +
m m m
x x
4) Tm m phng trnh: ( ) ( ) 0 1 4 . 1 2 16 . 3 + + + + m m m
x x
c hai nghim tri du
5) Cho phng trnh:
0 2 2 . 4
1
+
+
m m
x x
a) Gii phng trnh khi m = 2.
b) Tm m phng trnh cho c hai nghim phn bit x
1
, x
2
sao cho x
1
+ x
2
=
3
6) Gii v bin lun phng trnh: a)
8 3 . 3 . +
x x
m m
b) ( ) 0 2 . 2 . 2 + +

m m m
x x
7) Xc nh m cc phng trnh sau c nghim:
a) ( ) ( ) 0 3 3 3 2 3 1
2
+ + + m m m
x x
b) ( ) ( ) 0 1 2 2 2 4 4 + m m m
x x
8) Cho phng trnh:
x x x
m 36 . 5 81 . 2 16 . +
a) Gii phng trnh vi m = 3
b) Tm m phng trnh c nghim duy nht.
9) Cho phng trnh:
( ) ( ) m
tgx tgx
+ + 2 2 3 2 2 3
a) Gii phng trnh vi m = 6.
b) Tm m phng trnh c ng hai nghim
,
_

2
;
2

.
10) Xc nh m bt phng trnh: ( ) 0 5 2 . 1 2 4 . < + + m m m
x x
nghim ng vi x <
0
11) Cho bt phng trnh:
( ) 0 4 1 16 6 9 .
3 2 3 2 3
2 2 2
< +
+ + x x x x x x
m m
(1)
a) Xc nh m mi nghim ca (1) tho mn bt phng trnh 1 < x < 2 (2)
b) Xc nh m mi nghim ca (2) u l nghim ca (1).
12) Xc nh cc gi tr ca m bt phng trnh:

( ) ( )
x x x x x x
m m

+ +
2 2 2
2 2 2
4 1 6 1 2 9
0 nghim ng vi mi x tho mn iu kin
2
1
x
13) Cho bt phng trnh: ( ) 0 1 2 4 1
1
> + + +
+
m m
x x
a) Gii bt phng trnh khi m = -1.
b) Tm m bt phng trnh nghim ng vi mi x.
14) Cho bt phng trnh: ( ) 0 1 2 4
1
> +
x x
m
a) Gii bt phng trnh khi m =
9
16
.
b) Tm m bt phng trnh nghim ng vi mi x.
Trang 25
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
15) Xc nh m bt phng trnh:
a) ( ) 0 1 2 1 4 .
2
> + +
+
m m m
x x
nghim ng vi x.
b) 3 2 . 4 + + m m
x x
0 c nghim.
c) ( )
x x x
m m m 4 . 6 1 2 9 . + + 0 nghim ng vi x [0; 1]
16) Cho bt phng trnh:
12
3
1
3
1
1 2
>

,
_

,
_

x x
(1)
a) Gii bt phng trnh (1)
b) Xc nh m mi nghim ca (1) cng l nghim ca bt phng trnh:
2x
2
+ (m + 2)x + 2 - 3m < 0
II) ph ng php iu kin cn v gii cc bi ton m cha tham s:
1) Tm m phng trnh sau c nghim duy nht:
1 2
3
1
2

m
x
2) Tm m hai phng trnh sau tng ng:
0 4 3 9
1
2 2
+
+ x x
1 4 . 2 . 4
1 2
+
x x
m m
3) Tm m hai phng trnh sau tng ng:
16 2 2 4
2 4 1
+ +
+ + + x x x
1 9 . 3 . 9
1 2
+
x x
m m
4) Tm m phng trnh sau c nghim duy nht:
2 3
2
1
2

m
x
ph ng trnh v bt ph ng trnh logarit cha tham s
I) ng dng ca nh l o v du ca tam thc bc hai:
1) Xc nh m phng trnh sau c hai nghim dng:
( ) ( ) ( ) 0 1 2 2 log 5 3 3 log .
3 3
2
+ + +
+
m m m x
x
2) Xc nh m phng trnh sau c hai nghim phn bit
,
_

2 ;
2
1
:

( ) ( ) ( ) 0 1 2 6 2 2 2
2
2
2
log log
+ +

m x m m
x x
3) Xc nh m bt phng trnh:
m
x
x

1 log
log
2
2
2
2
nghim ng vi mi x > 0
CHUYN : PHNG TRNH-H PHNG TRNH
V BT PHNG TRNH M V LOGARIT
I/ PHNG TRNH M V LOGARIT
Bi 1: Gii Phng Trnh:
.
Trang 26
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton


.
Bi 2: Gii phng trnh sau
Bi 3: Cho phng trnh : vi m l tham s.
Xc nh m phng trnh cho c nghim.
Bi 4: Cho phng trnh
a)Gii phng trnh vi m=32
b)Tm m phng trnh c 2 nghim phn bit
Bi 5: Giai phng trnh
.

Trang 27
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton

.
II/ H PHNG TRNH M V LOGARIT
Bi 1: Gii H Phng Trnh sau:
.

Trang 28
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton

.

Bi 2: Tm m h phng trnh c nghim :
Bi 3: Cho h phng trnh:
1. Gii h vi m=2.
2. Tm m h cho c nghim.
Bi 4: Chng minh rng vi a>0 th h c nghim duy nht
Bi 5: Gii h phng trnh sau
III/ BT PHNG TRNH M V LOGARIT
Bi 1: Gii cc bt phng trnh sau

.
Trang 29
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
Bi 2: Tm tt c cc gi tr ca a bt phng trnh sau c nghim ng vi mi x:
.
o hm ca hm s m v logarit
Bi 1: tnh o hm cc hm s sau:
1, ( )
2
2 2
x
y x x e +
; 2, ( )
2
2
x
y x x e

+
; 3,
2
.sin
x
y e x

; 4, y =
2
2x x
e
+
5. y =
1
x x
3
x e .

; 6. y =
2x x
2x x
e e
e e
+

; 7. y =
x x
2 e
cos
.
; 8.
x
2
3
y
x x 1

+
; 9. y = cosx.
cotx
e
10. y =
2
4x x
e
+
; 11. y =
x.
1
3 x x
4
e

; 12. y =
3x 2x
3x 2x
e e
e e

+
,
14. y =
x x
4 e
cos
.
; 15. y =
x
2
3
x x
16. y =
2
x
2x e cos .
1. y =
( )
2
2x x 3 ln + + ;
17. y = ( )
2
x log cos ; 18. y =
( )
x
e x .ln cos
19. y = ( )
( )
2
2x 1 3x x ln + ;20. y =
( )
3
1
2
x x log cos
;21. y =
( )
2x 1
2x 1
ln +
+
22. y =
( )
2
x 3x 1 ln + + ;23. y = ( )
3
x log cos ;24. y =
( )
( )
2
2x 1 3x 2 ln + +
25. y =
( )
2
1
2
3x x log cos +
;26. y =
( )
2x 1
x 1
ln +
+
;27. y =
( )
2x
e x .ln cos

; 28,
1 ln x
y
x x
+
29,
cos sin
ln
cos sin
x x
y
x x
+

Bi2:1, cho
( )
2
x
e
f x
x
tnh ( )
'
1 f
; 2, cho
( )
2
x x
e e
f x

tnh ( )
'
0 f
;
3,cho ( )
2
ln f x x
tnh ( )
'
f e
;4; cho ( ) ( )
4
ln 1 f x x +
tnh ( )
'
1 f
;
5,cho ( ) ln sin 2 f x x
tnh
'
8
f

_

,
; 6,cho ( )
sin2x
f x e
tnh ( )
'
0 f
7, cho ( ) ln tan f x x
tnh
'
4
f

_

,
;8, cho ( )
2
cos x
f x e tnh ( )
'
0 f
9,cho
( )
1
1
2
x
x
f x

+

tnh ( )
'
0 f
; 10,cho ( ) ( ) ( ) tan , ln 1 f x x g x x
tnh
( )
( )
'
'
f x
g x
11,cho ( )
( )
2
ln 1 f x x x + +
tnh ( )
'
0 f
; 12.cho ( ) 2 .3
x x
f x
tnh ( )
'
0 f
13, cho ( ) .
x
f x x


tnh ( )
'
1 f
; 14,cho
( )
( )
2
1
2
log
x
f x
+

tnh ( )
'
1 f
;
14,cho ( )
2
lg f x x
tnh ( )
'
10 f
; 15, cho ( )
2
x
f x e tnh ( )
''
0 f
Trang 30
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
16, cho ( )
2
ln f x x x
tnh ( )
''
f e
;
Bi 3:1, cho
'
1
ln : 1
1
y
y cmr xy e
x
_
+

+
,
; 2,cho
( )
2
' 2
2
. : 1
x
y x e cmr xy x y


3,cho [ ]
'
1
: ln 1
1 ln
y cmr xy y y x
x x

+ +
; 4: cho ( )
'
1 :
x x
y x e cmr y y e +
5,cho
4 ''' '
2 : 13 12 0
x x
y e e cmr y y y

+ ;6,cho
2
. .
x x
y a e b e

+ cmr:
'' '
3 2 0 y y y + +
7,cho
'' '
.sin : 2 2 0
x
y e xcmr y y y

+ + ;8; ,cho
( ) 4
.cos : 4 0
x
y e xcmr y y

+ ;
9,cho
sin x
y e cmr:ycosx-ysinx-y=0; 10,
2
.sin5
x
y e x cmr:y-4y+29y=0
11,cho
2
1
.
2
x
y x e cmr:y-2y+y=
x
e ; 12, ( ) ( ) sin ln cos ln y x x +
cmr: y+xy+x
2
.y=0
13,cho y=x
3
.lnx gpt: ( ) ( )
1
' 0 f x f x
x
+ ;cho ( ) ( )
2
3 1
x
f x e x x + +
gpt: ( ) ( ) ' 2 f x f x
15,cho ( )
2 1 1 2
2. 7 5
x x
f x e e x

+ +
gpt ( ) ' 0 f x
;
16,cho ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ln 7 ; ln 1 f x x x g x x +
gbpt ( ) ( ) ' ' f x g x >
17,cho ( ) ( )
2 1
1
.5 ; 5 4 ln5
2
x x
f x g x x
+
+ gbpt ( ) ( ) ' ' f x g x <
Ba 4.Tinh o hm cc hm s sau: a) y = ( sinx + cosx). e
3x
;b) y = ( x
2
+ 2x +
3). e
x
c) y = ( 1 + cotgx).e
x
d) y= 2
3x
+ 3
2x
+ 4
3x
;e) y = 2
4x
.3
4x
.5
3x
.;f) y = e
x
.2
2x
.x
2
;g) y =
x.e
x
.lnx
h) y =
1 2
2
+ + x x
a
;i) y =
( )
2
sin x
e
;j) y =
x
4
sin 1
10

;k) y = ( x
2
+ 2x) e
- x
m) y = a.
x
e
Bai 5. Tinh o hm cc hm s sau: a) y =

,
_

+
x
x
e
e
1
ln
b) y = ) 1 ln(
2
x x + +
c) y =

,
_

+
2
2
1
1
ln
x
x
d) y = ln(ln(lnx))
e) y = log
a
( x
2
+1) f) y = log
2
( x
2
- sin(cosx)) g) y =
x
x
ln
h) y = ( 1 + lnx).lnx
Bai 6. . Tinh o hm cc hm s sau
a) y = ln
x
x
cos
sin 1+
b) y = ln
x
x
sin 1
sin 1
+

c) y = ln( e
x
+ ) 1
2x
e +
1. Hm s y =
2
2 2
x 1
x x 1 x x 1
2 2
ln + + + + +
tha mn h thc:
2y = xy + lny
2. Hm s y =
( ) ( )
2 x
x 1 e 2008 + + tha mn h thc:
y =
( )
x 2
2
2xy
e x 1
x 1
+ +
+
3. Hm s y =
( )
1 x
x 1 x
ln
ln
+

tha mn h thc: 2x
2
y =
( )
2 2
x y 1 +
ph ng trnh v bt ph ng trnh m cha tham s
I) ng dng ca nh l o v du ca tam thc bc hai:
(So snh s vi cc nghim ca phng trnh bc hai)
Trang 31
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
1) Gii v bin lun phng trnh: ( ) ( ) ( ) 0 1 2 2 . 5 2 . 2 + +

m m m
x x
2) Gii v bin lun phng trnh:
( ) ( )
3
2 5 3 5 3
+
+ +
x
x x
a
3) Xc nh m phng trnh sau c nghim:
( )
( )
( ) 0 6 2 2 . 1 2 2 2
1 1 2
2 2
+ +
+ +
m m m
x x
4) Tm m phng trnh: ( ) ( ) 0 1 4 . 1 2 16 . 3 + + + + m m m
x x
c hai nghim tri du
5) Cho phng trnh:
0 2 2 . 4
1
+
+
m m
x x
a) Gii phng trnh khi m = 2.
b) Tm m phng trnh cho c hai nghim phn bit x
1
, x
2
sao cho x
1
+ x
2
=
3
6) Gii v bin lun phng trnh: a)
8 3 . 3 . +
x x
m m
b) ( ) 0 2 . 2 . 2 + +

m m m
x x
7) Xc nh m cc phng trnh sau c nghim:
a) ( ) ( ) 0 3 3 3 2 3 1
2
+ + + m m m
x x
b) ( ) ( ) 0 1 2 2 2 4 4 + m m m
x x
8) Cho phng trnh:
x x x
m 36 . 5 81 . 2 16 . +
a) Gii phng trnh vi m = 3
b) Tm m phng trnh c nghim duy nht.
9) Cho phng trnh:
( ) ( ) m
tgx tgx
+ + 2 2 3 2 2 3
a) Gii phng trnh vi m = 6.
b) Tm m phng trnh c ng hai nghim
,
_

2
;
2

.
10) Xc nh m bt phng trnh: ( ) 0 5 2 . 1 2 4 . < + + m m m
x x
nghim ng vi x <
0
11) Cho bt phng trnh:
( ) 0 4 1 16 6 9 .
3 2 3 2 3
2 2 2
< +
+ + x x x x x x
m m
(1)
a) Xc nh m mi nghim ca (1) tho mn bt phng trnh 1 < x < 2 (2)
b) Xc nh m mi nghim ca (2) u l nghim ca (1).
12) Xc nh cc gi tr ca m bt phng trnh:

( ) ( )
x x x x x x
m m

+ +
2 2 2
2 2 2
4 1 6 1 2 9
0 nghim ng vi mi x tho mn iu kin
2
1
x
13) Cho bt phng trnh: ( ) 0 1 2 4 1
1
> + + +
+
m m
x x
a) Gii bt phng trnh khi m = -1.
b) Tm m bt phng trnh nghim ng vi mi x.
14) Cho bt phng trnh: ( ) 0 1 2 4
1
> +
x x
m
a) Gii bt phng trnh khi m =
9
16
.
b) Tm m bt phng trnh nghim ng vi mi x.
15) Xc nh m bt phng trnh:
a) ( ) 0 1 2 1 4 .
2
> + +
+
m m m
x x
nghim ng vi x.
b) 3 2 . 4 + + m m
x x
0 c nghim.
c) ( )
x x x
m m m 4 . 6 1 2 9 . + + 0 nghim ng vi x [0; 1]
16) Cho bt phng trnh:
12
3
1
3
1
1 2
>

,
_

,
_

x x
(1)
a) Gii bt phng trnh (1)
b) Xc nh m mi nghim ca (1) cng l nghim ca bt phng trnh:
2x
2
+ (m + 2)x + 2 - 3m < 0
II) ph ng php iu kin cn v gii cc bi ton m cha tham s:
1) Tm m phng trnh sau c nghim duy nht:
1 2
3
1
2

m
x
2) Tm m hai phng trnh sau tng ng:
Trang 32
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
0 4 3 9
1
2 2
+
+ x x
1 4 . 2 . 4
1 2
+
x x
m m
3) Tm m hai phng trnh sau tng ng:
16 2 2 4
2 4 1
+ +
+ + + x x x
1 9 . 3 . 9
1 2
+
x x
m m
4) Tm m phng trnh sau c nghim duy nht:
2 3
2
1
2

m
x
Bai 1. A-02 Cho phng trnh 0 1 2 1 log log
2
3
2
3
+ + m x x
a) Giai phng trnh khi m = 2
b) Tm m e phng trnh co t nhat mot nghiem thuoc oan [ ]
3
3 ; 1
Bai 2. B-02 Giai bat phng trnh 1 )) 72 9 ( (log log
3

x
x
Bai 3. D-02 Giai he

'

+
+

+
y
y y
x
x x
x
2 2
2 4
4 5 2
1
2 3
Bai 4. Giai bat phng trnh
) 2 . 3 2 ( log ) 4 4 ( log
1 2
2
1
2
1
x x x
+
+
Bai 5. Giai phng trnh
) 4 ( log ) 1 ( log
4
1
) 3 ( log
2
1
2
8
4
2
x x x + +
Bai 6. Giai he

'


+
0 l o g l o g
0 3 | | 4
2 4
y x
y x
Bai 7. Tm k e he phng trnh sau co nghiem:

'

+
<
1 ) 1 ( l o g
3
1
l o g
2
1
0 3 1
3
2
2
2
3
x x
k x x
Bai 8. Giai phng trnh 16
0 log 3 log
2
3
27
3
x x
x
x
Bai 9. Giai he

'

+
+
3 ) 5 3 2 ( l o g
3 ) 5 3 2 ( l o g
2 3
y
2 3
x
x y y y
y x x x
Bai 10. Giai he

'

3 2 2
l o g l o g
x y
y x
y x y
Trang 33
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
Bai 11. Giai bat phng trnh
1 1
2 1 2 1 2 . 15
+ +
+ +
x x x
Bai 12. Tm m e phng trnh 4(
0 log ) log
2
1
2
2
+ m x x
co nghiem thuoc khoang
(0;1);
Bai 13. Giai bat phng trnh
0 6 log ) 1 ( log 2 log
2
4
1
2
1
+ + x x
Bai 14. D-03 Giai phng trnh 2
x x
2
-2
2
2 x x +
=3
Bai 15. Cho ham so f ) ( x = x.
2 log
x
(x>0,x 1 )
Tnh f
) (x
va giai bat phng trnh f ) ( x 0
Bai 16. Giai phng trnh x
x
1 ) 4 5 ( log
5
Bai 17. A-04 Ghpt

'

+

2 5
1
1
l o g ) ( l o g
2 2
4
4
1
y x
y
x y
Bai 18. B-04 Tm gia tr ln nhat va nho nhat cua ham so y=
x
x
2
ln
tren
oan [ ]
3
; 1 e
Bai 19. B-05 Ghpt

'


+
3 l o g ) 9 ( l o g 3
1 2 1
3
3
2
9
y x
y x
Bai 20. Gbpt
3 log log
3 x
x >
Bai 21. Gbpt 2 .x
x
2
log
2
1
x
2
log
2
3
2
Bai 22. Tm m e phng trnh sau co 4 nghiem phan biet: 0 log 6
2
2 4
m x x
Bai 23. A-06 Giai phng trnh 3.8
x
+ 4.12
x
18
x
2.27
x
= 0
Bai 24. Giai bat phng trnh log
x+1
(-2x) > 2
Bai 25. Giai phng trnh :
0 8 log 4 log 2 2 log
2
2
+ +
x
x x
Bai 26. Giai phng trnh
0 4 2 2 . 4 2
2
2 2
+
+ x x x x x
Bai 27. Giai phng trnh 4
x

2
x+1
+2(2
x
-1)sin(2
x
+y-1) + 2 = 0
Bai 28. Giai phng trnh : 6 ) 3 3 ( log ). 1 3 ( log
1
3 3

+ x x
Bai 29. Ghpt:

'

+
+ +
0 2 0 1 2
) 1 l n ( ) 1 l n (
2 2
y x y x
y x y x
Bai 30. Giai phng trnh :
0
4
1
log log ). 1 log ( 2
2 4 2
+ + x x
Bai 31. Gbpt: ) 1 2 ( log 1 2 log 4 ) 144 4 ( log
2
5 5 5
+ + < +
x x
Bai 32. Giai phng trnh :
0 ) 1 ( log ) 3 ( log 1 log
3
8
2
1
2
+ x x x
Bai 33. Giai phng trnh
0 1 3 . 10 9
2 1
2 2
+
+ + x x x x
Trang 34
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
Bai 34. CSPA-04 Ghpt

'

+
+
4 l o g l o g 2
5 ) ( l o g
2 4
2 2
2
y x
y x
Bai 35. Giai bat phng trnh 5 2 4 2 8
1 1
> + +
+ + x x x
Bai 36. Giai 3
2x+4
+ 45.6
x
9.2
2x+2
0
Bai 37. CKT-05 Tm tap xac nh cua ham so
) 2 5 ( log
2
5
+ x x y
Bai 38. Tm m e phng trnh x
3
-3x + 2
m
6 = 0 co ba nghiem phan biet.
Bai 39. CSP-05 Ghpt:

'

+

1 ) 3 ( l o g ) 3 ( l o g
5 9
5 5
2 2
y x y x
y x
Bai 40. Gbpt:
24 5 5
2 2
1 1
>
+ x x
Bai 41. Tm m e ham so: 4 cos 2 cos lg + + x m x y xac nh R x
Bai 42. CY-05 Gbpt: ) log 4 .( 2 log . 4 log
4
16 2
2
5 , 0
x x x +
Bai 43. CCN2-06 Giai phng trnh
0 4 4 . 2 4
2 2
2 2
+
+ x x x x
Bai 44. Giai phng trnh 3
4x
-4.3
2x
+ 3 = 0
Bai 45. HTDTT N06
Cho bat phn g trnh a.4
x
+(a-1).2
x+2
+ a -1 = 0
a) Giai bat phng trnh khi a =
6
5
b) Tm a e bat phng trnh ung vi moi x thuoc R.
Bai 46. Giai phng trnh 1 + log
2
(9
x
6) = log
2
(4.3
x
6)
Bai 47. CTCKT 06 Giai bat phng trnh
0 2 log log . 3
2
4
2
1
> + x x
Bai 48. Giai phng trnh log
9
(x+8) log
3
(x+26) + 2 = 0
Bai 49. Giai he

'


1 2 2 . 6
2 3 . 2 6
y x
y x
Bai 50. Giai phng trnh
1 2 . 3
2

x x
Bai 51. Giai phng trnh 125
x
+ 50
x
= 2
3x+1
Bai 52. Giai phng trnh
1 ) 7 ( log ) 1 ( log ) 1 ( log
2
1
2
1
2
1
+ + x x x
Bai 53. Giai phng trnh 8
x
+ 18
x
=2.27
x
Bai 54. CSP-06 Gbpt: 2 ) 2 2 ( log ). 1 2 ( log
1
2 2
>
+ x x
Bai 55. Giai phng trnh
0 4 . 6 6 . 13 9 . 6
1 cos cos 2 1 cos cos 2 1 cos cos 2
2 2 2
+
+ + + x x x x x x
Bai 56. Gbpt:
0 6 log ) 1 ( log 2 log
2
4
1
2
1
+ + x x
Bai 57. Gbpt:
( ) [ ] 0 2 log log
2
2
4
< + x x x

Bai 58. Giai bat phng trnh 4


2
16 4 2
1
>

x
x
x
Trang 35
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
Bai 59.Giai he

'


+ +
+
y x
x y y x
x y x 1
2 2
2 2
Bai 60. Giai bat phng trnh
3 )
3
1
.( 2 9
2 2
2 2

x x x x
Bai 61. D-08 Gii bt phng trnh
2
1
2
x 3x 2
log 0
x
+

MT S PHNG TRNH M LGA SIU VIT


Trang 36
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
3
6
2 2
3 2 /2
log ( 1)
2 3
log 2 2
2 6 2
5
log log 5 2
1)2 8 14 2)1 8 3
3)log (1 ) log 4)2
5)log ( 3 ) log 6)log ( 2 3) log ( 2 4)
7) 3
x x x
x
x
x
x x
x x x
x x x x x x
x x

+
+ +
+
+
+
[ ]
2
log
2
2 2 2 2
x
2 3 2 x
8) 2.3 =3
9)log ( -4) log 8(x+2) 10)log 3log (3 1) 1
11)3 4 0 12)3 4 5
13)3 (3 10).3 3 0 14)3.4 (3 10)
x
x x x
x x
x
x x x x
x
x x x

+
1 +
]
+ +
+ + +
2 2
2 x
2 2
x 6 10 2
1
.2 3 0
15)log log 1 1 16)4.9 12 3. 16 0
17)3 os2x 18)3 6 6
19)9 2( 2).3 2 5 0 20)4 -4 3.2
21)(4 15)
x
x x
x x
x x x x x x
x
x
x x
c x x
x x
+
+ +
+
+ + +
+
+ +
+
2
2
os2x os
lg lg6
2
(4- 15) 62 22)4 4 3
23)6 12 24 )6 8 10
1 1
25)log 8log 2 3 26) lg( 2)
2 8
27) 4 6 9
x c c x
x x x x
x x
x x x
x
x x
+ +
+ +
+
+
5
2
2
lg lg5 lg 2
3
7 3 3 2
log ( 3)
28)( 1 1 2)log ( ) 0
29)5 50 30) 1000
31)log log ( 2) 32)3log (1 ) 2log
33)2 34
x x
x
x x x x
x x x
x x x x x
x
+
+ +

+ + +

3
2 7
2
4
12 9
) log (1 ) log
1
35)log ( ) log 36)lg( 6) lg( 2) 4
2
x x
x x x x x x x
+
+ + +
h ph ng trnh m v h ph ng trnh logarit
Gii cc h phng trnh:
1)
( ) ( )
2 2
log 5 log
l g l g4
1
l g l g3
x y x y
o x o
o y o
+

'

2)
( ) ( )
3 3
4 32
log 1 log
x y
y x
x y x y
+


'
+

3)

'

+
5
1
1 0 5 1 5
2
x y
y
x x
4)
( )

'

+
3 2 3 l o g
2 l o g
1
y
y
x
x
5)
( )
( )

'

+
+

y x
x y
y x
y x
2
2
6 9
1 2
2
2
6)

'


1 2
3
3
1 l o g
y
x
x y
7)
( )
2 4
4
9 27.3 0
1 1
l g l g lg 4
4 2
xy y
o x o y x

'
+

Trang 37
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
8)
( )

'

2 l o g
1 1 5 2 2 . 3
5
y x
y x
9)
( )
( ) ( )
2 2
l g 1 l g8
l g l g l g3
o x y o
o x y o x y o
+ +

'
+

10)
( )

'

2 l o g
9 7 2 2 . 3
3
y x
y x
11)
( )
( ) ( ) ( )

'

+
x y x y x y
x y
5 5 5
l o g 2 1
l o g l o g 1 2 2 l o g 2
4 8 3
3
12) ( ) ( ) ( ) y x y x y x + +
3
2 2
3
3 3
9
log log log
13)
( )

'

+
+
0 2 0 2
1 l o g 2 l o g l o g
1 8
a y x
a y x
a a
14)
( )
( )

'

+
+

y x y x
y x
x y
5
l o g 3
2 7
5
3
15)
( ) ( )

'

+
+

8
5 3
5 4 2
1 2
y x
y x
y x
y x
x y x y
16)
( ) ( )

'

>

0 x 6 4 2
2
2
y
y
x
x
17)

'

+
+

3
1
5 2
1 2
1
l o g
l o g
2
2
5
2
y x
x
y
y
x
18)
( )

'

> +

+
0 x 8
1
1 0 7
2
y x
x
y y
19)

'

,
_

3 2
0 5 l o g 2 l o g 2
2
1
2
x y
y x
x
y
20)
( ) ( )
1
l g 3 l g 5 0
4 4 8 8 0
y
x y x
o x o y

'

21)
( )
( )

'

+
+
2 3 2 l o g
2 2 3 l o g
y x
y x
y
x
29)

'

,
_

+
5 l o g l o g 2 2
1 2
1
2
y x
y x
x
y
30)
( )

'

>


0 x 2
1
1 6
2 2
y x
x
y x
31)
( )

'


+
2 l g l g l g
1 l g
2
x y
y x
32)

'

3
2 2 . 7 4
3
2
x y
y
y
x
x
Trang 38
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
33)

'

6 8 9 2 5
2 0 0 2 . 5
2 2
3
3
y x
y x
34)
( )
2 2
1
l g 1,5
2
2
2
10 100 10
10 6
3
2 10 9
o x y
x y
x y
+ +

'
+

+

22)
( )

'

>
+
+

0 y 6 4
5 , 1
5 , 2 x
x x
y
y y
23)
( )
( ) ( )
l g l g5 l g l g l g6
l g
1
l g 6 l g l g6
o x y o o x o y o
o x
o y o y o
+ +

'

+ +

24)
( )

'



1 l o g
1 l o g l o g
2
2
x y
x
x
y
y x y
25)
( ) ( )

'


+
1 l o g l o g
2 2
y x
y x y x
y x
26)
( )

'

9 l o g 2 4
3 6
6
2
x y x
x
y x
27)
( ) ( )

'


+
2
1 l o g l o g
2 2
2 2
v u
v u v u
28)
( )

'

0 p q v q p
y
x
y
x
y x
a
a
a
q p
l o g
l o g
l o g
35)
( ) ( )
l g l g
l g4 l g3
3 4
4 3
o x o y
o o
x y

'

36)
( )

'

< +

0 a
2 2 2 2
2
l g 5 , 2 l g l g a y x
a x y
37)

'


+
1 l o g l o g
4
4 4
l o g l o g
8 8
y x
y x
x y
38 )
( )
( )

'


+
1 3 7 , 0
1 2
1 6 2
8
2
2
x x y x
y x
x y x
y x
39)

'


+
1 l o g l o g
2 7 2
3 3
l o g l o g
3 3
x y
y x
x y
40)

'

+
+
4 2
5 2 2
y x
y x
41)

'

y
y
x
x
5 2
1 0 8
42)

'

+

0 4 5
0 l o g l o g 5 , 0
2 2
2 2
y x
y x
Trang 39
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
43)

'

1 6
2
l o g
l o g
y
x
x
y
y
x
44)

'

+
+
+
2 2
8
5 1 2
l o g l o g
l o g l o g
l o g l o g
z x
y x
z z
x z
z z
y y
y z
x y
z x
45)
( )

'

+
+
+ +
1 1
2
2
2
x x
y
y x
46)

'

+
1
2
9 9
y x
y x
y x y x
47)

'

1 8 2 . 3
1 2 3 . 2
y x
y x
48)
( )
( ) ( )

'

+ + +

1 1 1
2 3 9
2 2
3 l o g l o g
2 2
y x
x y
x y
49)
2cot sin
sin cot
9 3
9 81 2
x y
y gx
+

'

50)

'


+
2 2 2
1
y x
y x
51)

'

+ + +
+
+ +
1 1 3
2 . 3 2 2
2
3 2 1 3
x x y x
x y y x
52)
( )

'

1 2 l o g . l o g
3
5 , 2
l o g
x y y
x y x
y
x
y
CAU HOI TRAC NGHIEM
Lu tha
Cu1: Tnh: K =
4
0,75
3
1 1
16 8

_ _
+

, ,
, ta c:
A. 12 B. 16 C. 18 D. 24
Cu2: Tnh: K =
( )
3 1 3 4
0
3 2
2.2 5 .5
10 :10 0,25


+

, ta c
A. 10 B. -10 C. 12 D. 15
Cu3: Tnh: K =
( )
( )
3
3
2 2
3
0
3 2
1
2: 4 3
9
1
5 .25 0,7 .
2

_
+

,
_
+

,
, ta c
A.
33
13
B.
8
3
C.
5
3
D.
2
3
Cu4: Tnh: K =
( ) ( )
2
1,5
3
0,04 0,125

, ta c
A. 90 B. 121 C. 120 D. 125
Trang 40
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
Cu5: Tnh: K =
9 2 6 4
7 7 5 5
8 :8 3 .3
, ta c
A. 2 B. 3 C. -1 D. 4
Cu6: Cho a l mt s dng, biu thc
2
3
a a
vit di dng lu tha vi s m hu t l:
A.
7
6
a
B.
5
6
a
C.
6
5
a
D.
11
6
a
Cu7: Biu thc a
4
3 2
3
: a
vit di dng lu tha vi s m hu t l:
A.
5
3
a
B.
2
3
a
C.
5
8
a
D.
7
3
a
Cu8: Biu thc
6 5 3
x. x. x
(x > 0) vit di dng lu tha vi s m hu t l:
A.
7
3
x
B.
5
2
x
C.
2
3
x
D.
5
3
x
Cu9: Cho f(x) =
3 6
x. x
. Khi f(0,09) bng:
A. 0,1 B. 0,2 C. 0,3 D. 0,4
Cu10: Cho f(x) =
3 2
6
x x
x
. Khi f
13
10
_

,
bng:
A. 1 B.
11
10
C.
13
10
D. 4
Cu11: Cho f(x) =
12 5 3 4
x x x
. Khi f(2,7) bng:
A. 2,7 B. 3,7 C. 4,7 D. 5,7
Cu12: Tnh: K =
3 2 1 2 4 2
4 .2 :2
+ +
, ta c:
A. 5 B. 6 C. 7 D. 8
Cu13: Trong cc phng trnh sau y, phng trnh no c nghim?
A.
1
6
x
+ 1 = 0 B.
x 4 5 0 +
C.
( )
1
1
5
6
x x 1 0 +
D.
1
4
x 1 0
Cu14: Mnh no sau y l ng?
A.
( ) ( )
4
3 2 3 2
5
< B.
( ) ( )
6
11 2 11 2
7
>
C.
( ) ( )
3 4
2 2 2 2 < D.
( ) ( )
3 4
4 2 4 2 <
Cu15: Chn mnh ng trong cc mnh sau:
A.
3 2
4 4

>
B.
3 1,7
3 3 <
C.
1,4 2
1 1
3 3
_ _
<

, ,
D.
e
2 2
3 3

_ _
<

, ,
Cu16: Cho


>

. Kt lun no sau y l ng?
A. < B. > C. + = 0 D. . = 1
Cu17: Cho K =
1 2
1 1
2 2
y y
x y 1 2
x x

_ _
+


, ,
. biu thc rt gn ca K l:
A. x B. 2x C. x + 1 D. x - 1
Cu18: Rt gn biu thc:
4 2
81a b
, ta c:
A. 9a
2
b B. -9a
2
b C.
2
9a b
D. Kt qu khc
Cu19: Rt gn biu thc:
( )
4
8
4
x x 1 + , ta c:
A. x
4
(x + 1) B.
2
x x 1 +
C. - ( )
2
4
x x 1 + D. ( ) x x 1 +
Cu20: Rt gn biu thc:
x x x x
:
11
16
x
, ta c:
A.
4
x
B.
6
x
C.
8
x
D.
x
Trang 41
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
Cu21: Biu thc K =
3 3
2 2 2
3 3 3
vit di dng lu tha vi s m hu t l:
A.
5
18
2
3
_

,
B.
1
12
2
3
_

,
C.
1
8
2
3
_

,
D.
1
6
2
3
_

,
Cu22: Rt gn biu thc K =
( ) ( ) ( )
4 4
x x 1 x x 1 x x 1 + + + +
ta c:
A. x
2
+ 1 B. x
2
+ x + 1 C. x
2
- x + 1 D. x
2
- 1
Cu23: Nu
( )
1
a a 1
2

+ th gi tr ca l:
A. 3 B. 2 C. 1 D. 0
Cu24: Cho
3 27

<
. Mnh no sau y l ng?
A. -3 < < 3 B. > 3 C. < 3 D. R
Cu25: Trc cn thc mu biu thc
3 3
1
5 2
ta c:
A.
3 3 3
25 10 4
3
+ +
B.
3 3
5 2 +
C.
3 3 3
75 15 4 + +
D.
3 3
5 4 +
Cu26: Rt gn biu thc
2 1
2
1
a
a

_

,
(a > 0), ta c:
A. a B. 2a C. 3a D. 4a
Cu27: Rt gn biu thc
( )
2
3 1
2 3
b : b

(b > 0), ta c:
A. b B. b
2
C. b
3
D. b
4
Cu28: Rt gn biu thc
4 2 4
x x : x

(x > 0), ta c:
A.
4
x
B.
3
x
C.
x
D.
2
x

Cu29: Cho
x x
9 9 23

+ . Khi o biu thc K =


x x
x x
5 3 3
1 3 3

+ +

c gi tr bng:
A.
5
2
B.
1
2
C.
3
2
D. 2
Cu30: Cho biu thc A = ( ) ( )
1 1
a 1 b 1

+ + + . Nu a =
( )
1
2 3

+ v b =
( )
1
2 3

th gi
tr ca A l:
A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4
Hm s Lu tha
Cu1: Hm s y =
3 2
1 x
c tp xc nh l:
A. [-1; 1] B. (-; -1] [1; +) C. R\{-1; 1} D. R
Cu2: Hm s y =
( )
4
2
4x 1

c tp xc nh l:
A. R B. (0; +)) C. R\
1 1
;
2 2

' )

D.
1 1
;
2 2
_


,
Cu3: Hm s y =
( )
3
2
5
4 x
c tp xc nh l:
A. [-2; 2] B. (-: 2] [2; +) C. R D. R\{-1; 1}
Cu4: Hm s y =
( )
e
2
x x 1

+ c tp xc nh l:
A. R B. (1; +) C. (-1; 1) D. R\{-1; 1}
Trang 42
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
Cu5: Hm s y =
( )
2
2
3
x 1 + c o hm l:
A. y =
3 2
4x
3 x 1 +
B. y =
( )
2
2
3
4x
3 x 1 +
C. y =
3 2
2x x 1 +
D. y =
( )
2
2
3
4x x 1 +
Cu6: Hm s y =
3 2
2x x 1 +
c o hm f(0) l:
A.
1
3
B.
1
3
C. 2 D. 4
Cu7: Cho hm s y =
4 2
2x x
. o hm f(x) c tp xc nh l:
A. R B. (0; 2) C. (-;0) (2; +) D. R\{0; 2}
Cu8: Hm s y =
3 3
a bx +
c o hm l:
A. y =
3 3
bx
3 a bx +
B. y =
( )
2
2
3
3
bx
a bx +
C. y =
3 2 3
3bx a bx +
D. y =
2
3 3
3bx
2 a bx +
Cu9: Cho f(x) =
3 2 2
x x
. o hm f(1) bng:
A.
3
8
B.
8
3
C. 2 D. 4
Cu10: Cho f(x) =
3
x 2
x 1

+
. o hm f(0) bng:
A. 1 B.
3
1
4
C.
3
2
D. 4
Cu11: Trong cc hm s sau y, hm s no ng bin trn cc khong n xc
nh?
A. y = x
-4
B. y =
3
4
x

C. y = x
4
D. y =
3
x
Cu12: Cho hm s y = ( )
2
x 2

+ . H thc gia y v y khng ph thuc vo x l:
A. y + 2y = 0 B. y - 6y
2
= 0 C. 2y - 3y = 0 D. (y)
2
- 4y = 0
Cu13: Cho hm s y = x
-4
. Tm mnh sai trong cc mnh sau:
A. th hm s c mt trc i xng.
B. th hm s i qua im (1; 1)
C. th hm s c hai ng tim cn
D. th hm s c mt tm i xng
Cu14: Trn th (C) ca hm s y =
2
x

ly im M
0
c honh x
0
= 1. Tip
tuyn ca (C) ti im M
0
c phng trnh l:
A. y = x 1
2

+ B. y = x 1
2 2

+ C. y = x 1 + D. y = x 1
2 2

+ +
Cu15: Trn th ca hm s y =
1
2
x

+
ly im M
0
c honh x
0
=
2
2

. Tip
tuyn ca (C) ti im M
0
c h s gc bng:
A. + 2 B. 2 C. 2 - 1 D. 3
Lgart
Cu1: Cho a > 0 v a 1. Tm mnh ng trong cc mnh sau:
A.
a
log x
c ngha vi x B. log
a
1 = a v log
a
a = 0
C. log
a
xy = log
a
x.log
a
y D.
n
a a
log x nlog x (x > 0,n 0)
Cu2: Cho a > 0 v a 1, x v y l hai s dng. Tm mnh ng trong cc
mnh sau:
Trang 43
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
A.
a
a
a
log x x
log
y log y

B.
a
a
1 1
log
x log x

C. ( )
a a a
log x y log x log y + +
D.
b b a
log x log a.log x
Cu3:
4
4
log 8 bng:
A.
1
2
B.
3
8
C.
5
4
D. 2
Cu4:
3 7
1
a
log a
(a > 0, a 1) bng:
A. -
7
3
B.
2
3
C.
5
3
D. 4
Cu5:
4
1
8
log 32
bng:
A.
5
4
B.
4
5
C. -
5
12
D. 3
Cu6:
0,5
log 0,125
bng:
A. 4 B. 3 C. 2 D. 5
Cu7:
3 5 2 2 4
a
15 7
a a a
log
a
_


,
bng:
A. 3 B.
12
5
C.
9
5
D. 2
Cu8:
7
log 2
49 bng:
A. 2 B. 3 C. 4 D. 5
Cu9:
2
1
log 10
2
64
bng:
A. 200 B. 400 C. 1000 D. 1200
Cu10:
2 2lg7
10
+
bng:
A. 4900 B. 4200 C. 4000 D. 3800
Cu11:
2 8
1
log 3 3log 5
2
4
+
bng:
A. 25 B. 45 C. 50 D. 75
Cu12:
a
3 2log b
a

(a > 0, a 1, b > 0) bng:


A.
3 2
a b

B.
3
a b
C.
2 3
a b
D.
2
ab
Cu13: Nu
x
log 243 5
th x bng:
A. 2 B. 3 C. 4 D. 5
Cu14: Nu
3
x
log 2 2 4 th x bng:
A.
3
1
2
B.
3
2
C. 4 D. 5
Cu15:
( )
2 4 1
2
3log log 16 log 2 +
bng:
A. 2 B. 3 C. 4 D. 5
Cu16: Nu
a a a a
1
log x log 9 log 5 log 2
2
+ (a > 0, a 1) th x bng:
A.
2
5
B.
3
5
C.
6
5
D. 3
Cu17: Nu
a a a
1
log x (log 9 3log 4)
2
(a > 0, a 1) th x bng:
Trang 44
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
A.
2 2
B.
2
C. 8 D. 16
Cu18: Nu
2 2 2
log x 5log a 4log b +
(a, b > 0) th x bng:
A.
5 4
a b
B.
4 5
a b
C. 5a + 4b D. 4a + 5b
Cu19: Nu
2 3
7 7 7
log x 8log ab 2log a b (a, b > 0) th x bng:
A.
4 6
a b
B.
2 14
a b
C.
6 12
a b
D.
8 14
a b
Cu20: Cho lg2 = a. Tnh lg25 theo a?
A. 2 + a B. 2(2 + 3a) C. 2(1 - a) D. 3(5 - 2a)
Cu21: Cho lg5 = a. Tnh
1
lg
64
theo a?
A. 2 + 5a B. 1 - 6a C. 4 - 3a D. 6(a - 1)
Cu22: Cho lg2 = a. Tnh lg
125
4
theo a?
A. 3 - 5a B. 2(a + 5) C. 4(1 + a) D. 6 + 7a
Cu23: Cho
2
log 5 a
. Khi
4
log 500
tnh theo a l:
A. 3a + 2 B. ( )
1
3a 2
2
+ C. 2(5a + 4) D. 6a - 2
Cu24: Cho
2
log 6 a
. Khi log
3
18 tnh theo a l:
A.
2a 1
a 1

B.
a
a 1 +
C. 2a + 3 D. 2 - 3a
Cu25: Cho log
2 3
5 a; log 5 b
. Khi
6
log 5
tnh theo a v b l:
A.
1
a b +
B.
ab
a b +
C. a + b D.
2 2
a b +
Cu26: Gi s ta c h thc a
2
+ b
2
= 7ab (a, b > 0). H thc no sau y l ng?
A. ( )
2 2 2
2log a b log a log b + +
B.
2 2 2
a b
2log log a log b
3
+
+
C. ( )
2 2 2
a b
log 2 log a log b
3
+
+ D. 4
2 2 2
a b
log log a log b
6
+
+
Cu27:
4
3
log 8.log 81
bng:
A. 8 B. 9 C. 7 D. 12
Cu28: Vi gi tr no ca x th biu thc ( )
2
6
log 2x x
c ngha?
A. 0 < x < 2 B. x > 2 C. -1 < x < 1 D. x < 3
Cu29: Tp hp cc gi tr ca x biu thc ( )
3 2
5
log x x 2x
c ngha l:
A. (0; 1) B. (1; +) C. (-1; 0) (2; +) D. (0; 2) (4; +)
Cu30:
3
6
log 3.log 36
bng:
A. 4 B. 3 C. 2 D. 1
Hm s m - hm s lgart
Cu1: Tm mnh ng trong cc mnh sau:
A. Hm s y = a
x
vi 0 < a < 1 l mt hm s ng bin trn (-: +)
B. Hm s y = a
x
vi a > 1 l mt hm s nghch bin trn (-: +)
C. th hm s y = a
x
(0 < a 1) lun i qua im (a ; 1)
D. th cc hm s y = a
x
v y =
x
1
a
_

,
(0 < a 1) th i xng vi nhau qua
trc tung
Cu2: Cho a > 1. Tm mnh sai trong cc mnh sau:
A. a
x
> 1 khi x > 0
Trang 45
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
B. 0 < a
x
< 1 khi x < 0
C. Nu x
1
< x
2
th
1 2
x x
a a <
D. Trc tung l tim cn ng ca th hm s y = a
x
Cu3: Cho 0 < a < 1. Tm mnh sai trong cc mnh sau:
A. a
x
> 1 khi x < 0
B. 0 < a
x
< 1 khi x > 0
C. Nu x
1
< x
2
th
1 2
x x
a a <
D. Trc honh l tim cn ngang ca th hm s y = a
x
Cu4: Tm mnh ng trong cc mnh sau:
A. Hm s y =
a
log x
vi 0 < a < 1 l mt hm s ng bin trn khong (0 ; +)
B. Hm s y =
a
log x
vi a > 1 l mt hm s nghch bin trn khong (0 ; +)
C. Hm s y =
a
log x
(0 < a 1) c tp xc nh l R
D. th cc hm s y =
a
log x
v y =
1
a
log x
(0 < a 1) th i xng vi nhau
qua trc honh
Cu5: Cho a > 1. Tm mnh sai trong cc mnh sau:
A.
a
log x
> 0 khi x > 1
B.
a
log x
< 0 khi 0 < x < 1
C. Nu x
1
< x
2
th
a 1 a 2
log x log x <
D. th hm s y =
a
log x
c tim cn ngang l trc honh
Cu6: Cho 0 < a < 1Tm mnh sai trong cc mnh sau:
A.
a
log x
> 0 khi 0 < x < 1
B.
a
log x
< 0 khi x > 1
C. Nu x
1
< x
2
th
a 1 a 2
log x log x <
D. th hm s y =
a
log x
c tim cn ng l trc tung
Cu7: Cho a > 0, a 1. Tm mnh ng trong cc mnh sau:
A. Tp gi tr ca hm s y = a
x
l tp R
B. Tp gi tr ca hm s y =
a
log x
l tp R
C. Tp xc nh ca hm s y = a
x
l khong (0; +)
D. Tp xc nh ca hm s y =
a
log x
l tp R
Cu8: Hm s y = ( )
2
ln x 5x 6 +
c tp xc nh l:
A. (0; +) B. (-; 0) C. (2; 3) D. (-; 2) (3; +)
Cu9: Hm s y =
( )
2
ln x x 2 x +
c tp xc nh l:
A. (-; -2) B. (1; +) C. (-; -2) (2; +) D. (-2; 2)
Cu10: Hm s y =
ln1 sinx
c tp xc nh l:
A.
R \ k2 , k Z
2

+
' )

B. { } R \ k2 , k Z +
C.
R \ k , k Z
3

+
' )

D. R
Cu11: Hm s y =
1
1 lnx
c tp xc nh l:
A. (0; +)\ {e} B. (0; +) C. R D. (0; e)
Cu12: Hm s y = ( )
2
5
log 4x x
c tp xc nh l:
A. (2; 6) B. (0; 4) C. (0; +) D. R
Cu13: Hm s y =
5
1
log
6 x
c tp xc nh l:
A. (6; +) B. (0; +) C. (-; 6) D. R
Trang 46
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
Cu14: Hm s no di y ng bin trn tp xc nh ca n?
A. y = ( )
x
0,5 B. y =
x
2
3
_

,
C. y =
( )
x
2 D. y =
x
e _

,
Cu15: Hm s no di y th nghch bin trn tp xc nh ca n?
A. y =
2
log x
B. y =
3
log x
C. y =
e
log x

D. y =
log x

Cu16: S no di y nh hn 1?
A.
2
2
3
_

,
B.
( )
e
3 C.
e
D.
e

Cu17: S no di y th nh hn 1?
A. ( ) log 0,7

B.
3
log 5

C.
3
log e

D.
e
log 9
Cu18: Hm s y = ( )
2 x
x 2x 2 e +
c o hm l:
A. y = x
2
e
x
B. y = -2xe
x
C. y = (2x - 2)e
x
D. Kt qu khc
Cu19: Cho f(x) =
x
2
e
x
. o hm f(1) bng :
A. e
2
B. -e C. 4e D. 6e
Cu20: Cho f(x) =
x x
e e
2

. o hm f(0) bng:
A. 4 B. 3 C. 2 D. 1
Cu21: Cho f(x) = ln
2
x. o hm f(e) bng:
A.
1
e
B.
2
e
C.
3
e
D.
4
e
Cu22: Hm s f(x) =
1 lnx
x x
+ c o hm l:
A.
2
lnx
x
B.
lnx
x
C.
4
lnx
x
D. Kt qu khc
Cu23: Cho f(x) = ( )
4
ln x 1 +
. o hm f(1) bng:
A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4
Cu24: Cho f(x) =
lnsin2x
. o hm f
8
_

,
bng:
A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4
Cu25: Cho f(x) =
lntanx
. o hm
f '
4
_

,
bng:
A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4
Cu26: Cho y =
1
ln
1 x +
. H thc gia y v y khng ph thuc vo x l:
A. y - 2y = 1 B. y + e
y
= 0 C. yy - 2 = 0 D. y - 4e
y
= 0
Cu27: Cho f(x) =
sin2x
e
. o hm f(0) bng:
A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4
Cu28: Cho f(x) =
2
cos x
e
. o hm f(0) bng:
A. 0 B. 1 C. 2 D. 3
Cu29: Cho f(x) =
x 1
x 1
2

+
. o hm f(0) bng:
A. 2 B. ln2 C. 2ln2 D. Kt qu khc
Trang 47
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
Cu30: Cho f(x) = tanx v (x) = ln(x - 1). Tnh
( )
( )
f ' 0
' 0
. p s ca bi ton l:
A. -1 B.1 C. 2 D. -2
Cu31: Hm s f(x) =
( )
2
ln x x 1 + +
c o hm f(0) l:
A. 0 B. 1 C. 2 D. 3
Cu32: Cho f(x) = 2
x
.3
x
. o hm f(0) bng:
A. ln6 B. ln2 C. ln3 D. ln5
Cu33: Cho f(x) =
x
x .

. o hm f(1) bng:
A. (1 + ln2) B. (1 + ln ) C. ln D.
2
ln
Cu34: Hm s y =
cosx sinx
ln
cosx sinx
+

c o hm bng:
A.
2
cos2x
B.
2
sin2x
C. cos2x D. sin2x
Cu35: Cho f(x) = ( )
2
2
log x 1 +
. o hm f(1) bng:
A.
1
ln2
B. 1 + ln2 C. 2 D. 4ln2
Cu36: Cho f(x) =
2
lg x. o hm f(10) bng:
A. ln10 B.
1
5ln10
C. 10 D. 2 + ln10
Cu37: Cho f(x) =
2
x
e
. o hm cp hai f(0) bng:
A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4
Cu38: Cho f(x) =
2
x lnx
. o hm cp hai f(e) bng:
A. 2 B. 3 C. 4 D. 5
Cu39: Hm s f(x) =
x
xe

t cc tr ti im:
A. x = e B. x = e
2
C. x = 1 D. x = 2
Cu40: Hm s f(x) =
2
x lnx
t cc tr ti im:
A. x = e B. x =
e
C. x =
1
e
D. x =
1
e
Cu41: Hm s y =
ax
e
(a 0) c o hm cp n l:
A.
( ) n ax
y e B.
( ) n n ax
y a e C.
( ) n ax
y n!e D.
( ) n ax
y n.e
Cu42: Hm s y = lnx c o hm cp n l:
A.
( ) n
n
n!
y
x
B.
( )
( )
( ) n 1
n
n
n 1 !
y 1
x
+

C.
( ) n
n
1
y
x
D.
( ) n
n 1
n!
y
x
+

Cu43: Cho f(x) = x


2
e
-x
. bt phng trnh f(x) 0 c tp nghim l:
A. (2; +) B. [0; 2] C. (-2; 4] D. Kt qu khc
Cu44: Cho hm s y =
sinx
e
. Biu thc rt gn ca K = ycosx - yinx - y l:
A. cosx.e
sinx
B. 2e
sinx
C. 0 D. 1
Cu45: th (L) ca hm s f(x) = lnx ct trc honh ti im A, tip tuyn ca (L)
ti A c phng trnh l:
A. y = x - 1 B. y = 2x + 1 C. y = 3x D. y = 4x - 3
Ph ng trnh m v ph ng trnh lgart
Cu1: Phng trnh
3x 2
4 16

c nghim l:
A. x =
3
4
B. x =
4
3
C. 3 D. 5
Trang 48
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
Cu2: Tp nghim ca phng trnh:
2
x x 4
1
2
16

l:
A. B. {2; 4} C. { } 0; 1
D. { } 2; 2
Cu3: Phng trnh
2x 3 4 x
4 8
+

c nghim l:
A.
6
7
B.
2
3
C.
4
5
D. 2
Cu4: Phng trnh
x
2x 3
2
0,125.4
8



,
c nghim l:
A. 3 B. 4 C. 5 D. 6
Cu5: Phng trnh:
x x 1 x 2 x x 1 x 2
2 2 2 3 3 3

+ + +
c nghim l:
A. 2 B. 3 C. 4 D. 5
Cu6: Phng trnh:
2x 6 x 7
2 2 17
+ +
+
c nghim l:
A. -3 B. 2 C. 3 D. 5
Cu7: Tp nghim ca phng trnh:
x 1 3 x
5 5 26

+
l:
A. { } 2; 4
B. { } 3; 5
C. { } 1; 3
D.
Cu8: Phng trnh:
x x x
3 4 5 +
c nghim l:
A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4
Cu9: Phng trnh:
x x x
9 6 2.4 + c nghim l:
A. 3 B. 2 C. 1 D. 0
Cu10: Phng trnh:
x
2 x 6 +
c nghim l:
A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4
Cu11: Xc nh m phng trnh:
x x
4 2m.2 m 2 0 + +
c hai nghim phn bit?
p n l:
A. m < 2 B. -2 < m < 2 C. m > 2 D. m
Cu12: Phng trnh: ( ) + l ogx l og x 9 1
c nghim l:
A. 7 B. 8 C. 9 D. 10
Cu13: Phng trnh: ( )
3
lg 54 x
= 3lgx c nghim l:
A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4
Cu14: Phng trnh: ( ) lnx ln 3x 2 +
= 0 c my nghim?
A. 0 B. 1 C. 2 D. 3
Cu15: Phng trnh: ( ) ( ) ( ) ln x 1 ln x 3 ln x 7 + + + +
A. 0 B. 1 C. 2 D. 3
Cu16: Phng trnh:
2 4 8
log x log x log x 11 + +
c nghim l:
A. 24 B. 36 C. 45 D. 64
Cu17: Phng trnh:
2 x
log x 3log 2 4 +
c tp nghim l:
A. { } 2; 8
B. { } 4; 3
C. { } 4; 16
D.
Cu18: Phng trnh: ( ) ( )
2
lg x 6x 7 lg x 3 +
c tp nghim l:
A. { } 5
B. { } 3; 4
C. { } 4; 8
D.
Cu19: Phng trnh:
1 2
4 lgx 2 lgx
+
+
= 1 c tp nghim l:
A. { } 10; 100
B. { } 1; 20
C.
1
; 10
10

' )

D.
Cu20: Phng trnh:
+

2 logx
x 1000
c tp nghim l:
Trang 49
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
A. { } 10; 100
B. { } 10; 20
C.
1
; 1000
10

' )

D.
Cu21: Phng trnh:
2 4
log x log x 3 +
c tp nghim l:
A. { } 4
B. { } 3
C. { } 2; 5
D.
Cu22: Phng trnh:
2
log x x 6 +
c tp nghim l:
A. { } 3
B. { } 4
C. { } 2; 5
D.
H ph ng trnh m v lgart
Cu1: H phng trnh:
x y
x y
2 2 6
2 8
+
+

'

vi x y c my nghim?
A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 0
Cu2: H phng trnh:
y 1 x
x y
3 2 5
4 6.3 2 0
+

'
+

c nghim l:
A. ( ) 3; 4
B. ( ) 1; 3
C. ( ) 2; 1
D. ( ) 4; 4
Cu3: H phng trnh:
2
x y
x 2y 1
4 16
+
+

'

c my nghim?
A. 0 B. 1 C. 2 D. 3
Cu4: H phng trnh: 1
y
x
2
2x y 4
2 .4 64
+
+

'

c nghim l:
A. ( ) 2; 1
B. ( ) 4; 3
C. ( ) 1; 2
D. ( ) 5; 5
Cu5: H phng trnh:
x y 7
lgx lgy 1
+
'
+

vi x y c nghim l?
A. ( ) 4; 3
B. ( ) 6; 1
C. ( ) 5; 2
D. Kt qu khc
Cu6: H phng trnh:
lgxy 5
lgx.lgy 6

'

vi x y c nghim l?
A. ( ) 100; 10
B. ( ) 500; 4
C. ( ) 1000; 100
D. Kt qu khc
Cu7: H phng trnh:
2 2
2 2
x y 20
log x log y 3
+
'
+

vi x y c nghim l:
A. ( ) 3; 2
B. ( ) 4; 2
C.
( )
3 2; 2
D. Kt qu khc
Cu8: H phng trnh:
x y
2 2
2 .4 64
log x log y 2

'
+

c nghim l:
A. ( ) ( ) 4; 4 , 1; 8
B. ( ) ( ) 2; 4 , 32; 64
C. ( ) ( ) 4; 16 , 8; 16
D. ( ) ( ) 4; 1 , 2; 2
Cu9: H phng trnh:
x y 6
lnx lny 3ln6

'
+

c nghim l:
A. ( ) 20; 14
B. ( ) 12; 6
C. ( ) 8; 2
D. ( ) 18; 12
Cu10: H phng trnh:
3lgx 2lgy 5
4lgx 3lgy 18

'
+

c nghim l
A. ( ) 100; 1000
B. ( ) 1000; 100
C. ( ) 50; 40
D. Kt qu khc
Trang 50
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
Bt phng trnh m v lgart
Cu1: Tp nghim ca bt phng trnh:
1
4
x 1
1 1
2 2

_ _
<

, ,
l:
A. ( ) 0; 1
B.
5
1;
4
_

,
C. ( ) 2;+
D. ( ) ;0
Cu2: Bt phng trnh:
( ) ( )
2
x 2x 3
2 2

c tp nghim l:
A. ( ) 2;5 B. [ ] 2;1 C. [ ] 1;3 D. Kt qu khc
Cu3: Bt phng trnh:
2 x x
3 3
4 4

_ _


, ,
c tp nghim l:
A. [ ] 1; 2 B. [ ] ; 2 C. (0; 1) D.
Cu4: Bt phng trnh:
x x 1
4 2 3
+
< +
c tp nghim l:
A. ( ) 1; 3 B. ( ) 2; 4 C. ( )
2
log 3; 5
D. ( )
2
;log 3
Cu5: Bt phng trnh:
x x
9 3 6 0 < c tp nghim l:
A. ( ) 1;+ B. ( ) ;1 C. ( ) 1;1 D. Kt qu khc
Cu6: Bt phng trnh: 2
x
> 3
x
c tp nghim l:
A. ( ) ;0 B. ( ) 1;+ C. ( ) 0;1 D. ( ) 1;1
Cu7: H bt phng trnh:
x 1 6 2x
4x 5 1 x
4 8
3 27
+
+ +

'

c tp nghim l:
A. [2; +) B. [-2; 2] C. (-; 1] D. [2; 5]
Cu8: Bt phng trnh:
( ) ( )
2 2
log 3x 2 log 6 5x > c tp nghim l:
A. (0; +) B.
6
1;
5
_

,
C.
1
;3
2
_

,
D.
( ) 3;1
Cu9: Bt phng trnh:
( ) ( )
4 2
log x 7 log x 1 + > + c tp nghim l:
A. ( ) 1;4 B. ( ) 5;+ C. (-1; 2) D. (-; 1)
Cu10: gii bt phng trnh: ln
2x
x 1
> 0 (*), mt hc sinh lp lun qua ba bc nh
sau:
Bc1: iu kin:
2x
0
x 1
>


x 0
x 1
<

>

(1)
Bc2: Ta c ln
2x
x 1
> 0 ln
2x
x 1
> ln1
2x
1
x 1
>

(2)
Bc3: (2) 2x > x - 1 x > -1 (3)
Kt hp (3) v (1) ta c
1 x 0
x 1
< <

>

Vy tp nghim ca bt phng trnh l: (-1; 0) (1; +)


Hi lp lun trn ng hay sai? Nu sai th sai t bc no?
A. Lp lun hon ton ng B. Sai t bc 1 C. Sai t bc 2 D. Sai t bc 3
Cu11: H bt phng trnh:
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2 2
0,5 0,5
log 2x 4 log x 1
log 3x 2 log 2x 2
+

'
+

c tp nghim l:
A. [4; 5] B. [2; 4] C. (4; +) D.
Trang 51
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
GIAI PHNG TRNH
49/Gii cc phng trnh sau:
a.
( )
2 2 2 2 2
x 3x 2 x 6x 5 2 2x 3x 7 x 3x 2 2x 3x 7
4
4 4 x 6x 5 log 4 4 1 4 1.
+ + + + + +
+ + + + +
S:
x 1; 5; 2. t
b.
( )
( )
3
log 2x 1
2 3
log x x log 2x 1 2

+ +
S:x=1;2
50/Gii cc phng trnh sau:
a.
( )
3
log x
3 7
log x 3x 2 log 3x 2 7 + S:x=1;2
b.
x 1
x 1
3
x 3x
3 4 3 4 21
. . .
4 3 4 3 16

_ _
+

, ,
S:V nghim
51/Gii cc phng trnh sau:
a.
( )
( )
22
log 7x 6
2 22
log x x 2log 7x 6 4

+ +
S:x=1;2
b.
( )
x x
x 5 25 49
x x 2(5 24) x
2(5 24) 5 7 5 5 7 25 .
+
+
+ + + +
S: x = 2.
52/Gii cc phng trnh sau:
a.
( )
( )
( )
3
log 2x 1
2
5 3
2log x 5 log 2x 1 x


S:x=1;2
b.
( )
x x
x x 4 3
7 4 5 4 3
27 3 .
+

1
1
1
]
S: x = 10.
53/Gii cc phng trnh sau:
a.
( ) ( )
x 1
x
x
5 5
x 1
5.8 x 3. log 2 503 2log 2
x

+ + + S:
5
x 3; log 2.

b. ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
6 7 2 5 2 7 6 5
8log x.log x log 3x 2 .log 4x 3 2 log 3x 2 .log x 2.log x. log 4x 3 + + S:x=1;2
54/Gii cc phng trnh sau:
a. ( ) ( )
x 1 x x
5 5
x
x 3. log 2 5. 8 102 2log 2
x 1
+
+ + +
+
S:
5
x 2; 1 log 2.
b.
( )
( )
( )
6
log 5x 4
2
2 6
2log x x 8 3log 5x 4

+
S:x=1;2
55/Gii cc phng trnh sau:
a.
( )
x
x x
2
5
x
3 4 5 log 3 4
2
S: x = 2.
b.
( )
3
log x 2
3 17
log x 4x 4x 1 2log 2x 1 17 + S:x=1;2
Trang 52
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
56/Gii cc phng trnh sau:
a.
( )
7
log x
7 37
log x 6x log 6x 5 37 5 + S:x=1;2
b.
( )
x x x x x
4
(2 3) (2 3) x 4 log (2 3) (2 3) + + + + S: x = 1.
57/Gii cc phng trnh sau:
a.
x x x
x x ( 3 2) x ( 5) ( 3 2)
( 3 2) ( 3 2) 3 ( 5) 3
+
+ + + +
S: Vo nghiem
b.
( )
( ) ( )
7
log x
7 13
13 log x 2x 1 log 2x 1 + +
S:x=1;2
58/Gii cc phng trnh sau:
a. ( ) ( )
5
log (x 3)
2 5
2 log x x log x 3
+
+ S: x = 2.
b.
( )
( )
( )
x
2x
2
5 5 13 13
log x log x log 4x 4x 1 log 2x 1 +
S:x=1;2
59/Gii cc phng trnh sau:
a.
x x 1 x 1
27 3 x 1 x 1 3x.
+ +
+ + S: x
2
.
3
t
b. ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
11 13 21 37
log x log x log 2x 1 log 3x 2 + + S:x=1;2
60/Gii cc phng trnh sau:
a.
2 2
x 6x 10 2 x 6x 6
3 2x 12x 16 3 .
+ +
+ +
S: x = 3.
b.
( ) ( )
( )
7
log 3x 2
13 37
log x x log 3x 2 3
+
+ +
S:x=1;2
61/Gii cc phng trnh sau:
a.
( ) ( )
3 7
log 2x 1 log 3x 2
2x 2 3


S:x=1;2
b.
3
2 x
x x
3 2.cos 3
2
2 x x
x x
2.cos x 3 3 3 .
2
_

,
_
+ +

,
S: x = 0.
62/Gii cc phng trnh sau:
a.
( ) ( )
3 2
log 2x 1 log 3x 2
2 4
x x 5 6

+ +
S:x=1;2
b.
2
1
2 2 y 2y 2
2 2 2 2
1 1 1
log cos xy cos xy 2
cos xy cos xy y 2y 2
+
_
+ + + +

+
,
S:
x K , K z.
y 1.

'

63/Gii cc phng trnh sau:


a.
( ) ( )
37 13
log 6x 5 log 2x 1
2x 7 7

+
S:x=1;2
b.
sin x
cosx
3 3 sin x cosx + S: x = 0.
Trang 53
Bi Tp PT&BPT M ,Lgarit Trng THPT Phc Bnh -T Ton
Trang 54
Trn Minh Hng n tp HK I
55