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4. Graduiertenforum der Fachgruppe Morphologie der Deutschen Zoologischen Gesellschaft 2 1 . - 2 3 .

(& Programm)

Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat Munchen Fakultat fur Biologie Biozentrum Martinsried

DZG M o r p h o - F o r u m /



" J l M u n c h e n 2011

Larval a n d a d u l t e x c r e t o r y s y s t e m s in m o l l u s c s - h o w d o t h e y c o m p a r e ? N. Baeumler, G. Haszprunar, B. Ruthensteiner Zoologische Staatssammlung Munchen, MunchhausenstraGe 2 1 , 81247 Munchen, Germany

During the life cycle of a mollusc usually two different types of excretory systems are appearing: First, the larval excretory system in the form of an anteriorly situated pair of protonephridia and secondly, the adult, posteriorly situated metanephridial

excretory system consisting of pericardium and kidney. W e investigated excretory systems of members of four molluscan classes: the solenogastre Wirenia the polyplacophoran Lepidochitona and the scaphopod Antalis corrugata, the bivalve Mytilus argentea,


entalis. W e encountered both differences and striking

resemblances between larval and adult excretory systems within species but also among different species. Differences concern the general organization of the

excretory systems, the chronological appearance

(overlap) of larval and adult

excretory system or the ontogenetic origin of the metanephridial system. Similarities include the general composition of the ultrafiltration apparatus with slits between regularly arranged pedicles, cilia for facilitating excretory pressure and the reabsorptive differentiations in the efferent ducts (kidneys). Probably these similarities are the result of the same functional demands. Nevertheless, we assume a homology of the different excretory components among taxa. The differences between the proto- and metanephridial systems within the Mollusca become blurred and an iterative (serial) homology becomes more and more likely.