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474-483 The Far West • Western edge of Great plains, Rockies and west of the Rockies • Scattered settlements in the vast barren landscape • Not a lot of white ppl when it became part of the US The Mining Frontier • Region hilly & mountainous/ bad for farming • Mineral wealth basis of Far West development/ explosive growth • Pattern of Isolated settlement • In mid 1850s gold prospects diminished and people moved back east • Gold discovered on Nevada side of sierra Nevada, Colorado Rockies, British Columbia • ppl would flood to the areas and trespass gov. or Indian land • mining codes at comm.. meetings limited size of mining claim to what a person could reasonably work • law code discriminated against anyone who isn’t white • prospectors left quickly b/c they could only get easy close; everything else sold to entrepreneur Virginia City • started as mining camp but after Comstock silver lode opened in 1859 grew • men worked as miners & women were prostitutes & dancers • l8r families came and it became respectable Industrialization of Western Mining • copper, lead zinc etc. ext. important b/c the east demanded it • Entrepreneurs raised capital, built rails, financed tech, hired ppl etc. The Pacific Slope • w/o gold California wouldn’t have gotten populated • California was a market for Orlando’s timber and produce • railroads made E. markets available & diverse growth was sustainable Hispanic southwest • hispanics moved north out of mexico • mostly cattle and sheep ranching w/ stringent social hierarchy • large population of Mestizos; Indian & Hispanic blood; Pueblo Indians dead but some left, Navajo in north • uneasy/ peaceful coexistince