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Published by Tuhin Mishra

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Published by: Tuhin Mishra on Nov 05, 2011
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ROAD TRANSPORT IN INDIA • Roads are the dominant mode of transportation in India today.

They carry almost 90 percent of the country’s passenger traffic and 65 percent of its freight. • The density of India’s highway network -- at 0.66 km of highway per square kilomet er of land – is similar to that of the United States (0.65) and much greater than China s (0.16) or Brazil s (0.20). • Most highways in India are narrow and congested with poor surface quality, and 4 0 percent of India’s villages do not have access to all-weather roads. • The road transport sector in India has expanded manifold in fifty years after in dependence, both in terms of spread and capacity. The growth in the importance o f road transport within the transport sector is borne out by its growing share i n GDP. • The share of road transport in GDP is presently 3.69% which accounts for a major share of all transport modes which contribute 5.5% to GDP and handles more than 60 percent of the freight and more than 80 percent of the passenger traffic in India. Period Total Length - National Highways* (km) Widening to Two Lanes Widening to Four Lanes Strengthening of Pavement Major Bridges 1947- 69 24,000 14,000 ** Nil Nil 169 1969- 90 33,612 16,000 267 9,000 302 1990- 97 34,298 3,138 483 5371 51 1997- 02 58,112 1,955 797 3511 91 2002- 03 58,112 710 418 1109 14 2003- 04 65,569 671 799 1489 17 2004- 05 65,569 221 841 1087 1 * Length at the end of the period **Includes a length of 6,000 km which were already two lane at the time of decla ration as national highways.

IMPORTANT FEATURES TO LOOK UPON • The Indian road network is seemingly very large. However, only 47% of the roads are paved. • The high- density corridors of road linking metro cities and ports are crowded a nd are carrying traffic more than capacity. • About 14000 kms of National Highway require four laning, while 10000 kms require widening from single lane to two- lane to facilitate normal flow of existing ro ad traffic. • The average productivity of a truck is 200 kms a day as against 350- 400 kms tha t would be possible through reduction of congestion. • The demand for transport is affected by structural changes taking place in the e conomy. This growth in transport demand has to be met by expanding domestic supp ly as transport infrastructure is non- tradable. Investment in transport must re flect the need to make up for existing capacity shortages and also to allow for growth in demand. Challenges The major challenges facing the sector are: • • India’s roads are congested and of poor quality. Rural areas have poor access.

INDIA: Transport Sector Key Statistics Units As of 2009 Length of Roads Km. 3,516,452 Main Roads Km. 666,452 Paved Roads % 47.3 Access to All-Season-Roads % 61



Road Density

km/1,000 sq. km.


Reference: http://go.worldbank.org/FUE8JM6E40 http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/SOUTHASIAEXT/EXTS ARREGTOPTRANSPORT/0,,contentMDK:20703625~menuPK:868822~pagePK:34004173~piPK:3400 3707~theSitePK:579598,00.html DATA FOR ROAD TRANSPORT TILL 2010 FOR BRICS GROUP OF COUNTRIES Brazil total: 1,751,868 km paved: 96,353 km unpaved: 1,655,515 km (2004) China total: 3,860,800 paved: 3,056,300 unpaved: 804,500 India total: 3,320,410 km km (includes 65,000 km of expressways) km (2009 km (includes 200 km of expressways) (2009)

Russia total: 982,000 km paved: 776,000 km (includes 30,000 km of expressways) unpaved: 206,000 km note: includes public, local, and departmental roads (2009) South Africa total: 362,099 km paved: 73,506 km (includes 239 km of expressways) unpaved: 288,593 km (2002) Reference:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world fact book/fields/20 85.html

PAREMETERS TO GROWTH OF ROAD TRANSPORT • The level of connectivity that roads offer. It includes the presence of express ways that connect all the major industrial hubs of the country. • The ports are duly connected to the road infrastructure such that it adds to the growth of the shipping industry. • The quality of roads which offer all seasons durability. The level of maintenanc e carried out by concerned authority. • The due connectivity to rural areas which will propel the growth of the Indian e conomy in the near future. Presence of 4/6 lanes in between major cities

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