Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis

Volume 1 Preparation of Catalysts I. Scientific Bases for the Preparation of Heterogeneous Catalysts. Proceedings of the First International Symposium held at the Solvay Research Centre, Brussels, October 14-17. 1975 edited by B. Delmon, P. Jacobs and G. Poncelet Volume 2 The Control of the Reactivity of Solids. A Critical Survey of the Factors that Influence the Reactivity of Solids, with Special Emphasis on the Control of the Chemical Processes in Relation to Practical Applications by V.V. Boldyrev, M. Bulens and B. Delmon Preparationof Catalysts II. Scientific Bases for the Preparation of Heterogeneous Catalysts. Proceedings of the Second International Symposium, Louvain-la-Neuve, September 4-7, 1978 edited by B. Delmon, P. Grange, P. Jacobs and G. Poncelet

Volume 3

Explanation of the cover design
The figure gives a pictorial representation o f surface analysis techniques. Eight basic input probes are considered, which give rise t o one or more o f four types of particles that leave t h e surface carrying information about it t o a suitable detector, The input probes can be particle beams of electrons, ions, photons, or neutrals o r non-particle probes such as thermal, electric fields, magnetic fields or sonic surface waves. All of the input probes (with the exception of magnetic fields) give rise t o emitted particle beams, i.e. electrons, ions, photons, or neutrals. The various surface analysis techniques can therefore be classified according t o the type of input probe and the type of emitted particle (e.g. electrons in, ions out; thermal in, neutrals out, etc.). I n analyzing the emitted particles, one can consider four possible Wpes of information; identification of the particle, spatial distribution, energy distribution and number. Any or all of these forms of information are then used t o develop a better understanding o f the surface under study.

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