‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻮﺣﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ‪ ...

‬ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺩﻋﺎﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﻴﻦ‬
‫@‬

‫‪@ lŠÈÛa@åí†zܽa@ô†näß‬‬
‫‪bãbŽ×ëcë@ïÛaîÛ@Z@…a†Çg‬‬

‫‪١‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬
‫‪Ö‡“ní‬‬

‫ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﺘﺢ ﺍﻻﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺩﻭﻣـﺎ ‪ ...‬ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻟـﻮﻥ ﺍﻧـﻪ ﻓـﺘﺢ‬

‫ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﻏﺰﻭ ﻭﺍﺣﺘﻼﻝ ‪ ...‬ﻫﻮ ﺭﲪﺔ ﻭﺧﲑ ﻟﻠﺒﺸﺮ ‪ ...‬ﻓﻬﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﺢ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺑﺎﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬
‫‪ ...‬ﻭﻻ ﳛﻤﻞ ﺻـﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﶈﺘـﻞ ‪ ...‬ﺑـﻞ ﺍﻟﻔـﺎﺗﺢ ﺍﳌﺴـﺎﱂ ﺍﻟـﺬﻱ ﺟـﺎﺀ ﻟﻴﻨﺸـﺮ ﺍﻟـﺪﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺢ ﺍﳌﻠﻲﺀ ﺑﺎﶈﺒﺔ ‪ ...‬ﻭﻧﻌﺠـﺐ ﻛـﺜﲑﺍ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻘـﺪ ﺍﻹﺳـﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﻟﻜـﺒﲑ ﻟﻶﺧـﺮ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺨﺎﻟﻒ ﻓﺘﺠﺪﻩ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻳﺘﻜﻠﻢ ﻣﻊ ﻣﺴـﻴﺤﻲ ﻳﺼـﻮﺭ ﻟﻨـﺎ ﻣـﺎ ﺣـﺪﺙ ﰲ ﺣﻜـﻢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﻨﻴﺴﺔ ﻭﻳﺒﺪﺃ ﺑﺴﺮﺩ ﻣـﺎ ﺣﺼـﻞ ﰲ ﳏـﺎﻛﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺘـﻴﺶ ﻭﺍﳊـﺮﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﺼـﻠﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻳﺘﻜﻠﻢ ﻣﻊ ﻋﻠﻤﺎﱐ ﻳﺘﻜﻠﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺇﺑﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﳍﻨﻮﺩ ﺍﳊﻤﺮ ﺃﻭ ﺍﳊﺮﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻣﺎ ﻓﻌﻠﻪ ﺍﻻﲢﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﻓﻴﱵ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﺟﺘﻴﺎﺡ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻝ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﻭﺭﺓ ﻟﻪ ‪ ...‬ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ‪" :‬ﻫـﻞ‬
‫ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻘﺎﺭﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻳﺄﰐ ﻓﺎﲢﺎ ﺭﺣﻴﻤﺎ ﳛﺎﺭﺏ ﻟﻨﺸﺮ ﺍﳊـﻖ ﲟـﻦ ﻳـﺄﰐ ﻏﺎﺯﻳـﺎ ﻭﺣﺸـﻴﺎ‬
‫ﳛﺎﺭﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺃﻃﻤﺎﻉ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺇﺷﺒﺎﻉ ﻏﺮﻳﺰﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﻞ ؟ ﻫﻞ ﺗﺮﻳـﺪ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺗﻘﺎﺭﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻳﺄﰐ ﻓﺎﲢﺎ ‪‬ﺪﻑ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟـﺘﻌﻤﲑ ﲟـﻦ ﻳـﺄﰐ ﻏﺎﺯﻳـﺎ ﻣـﻦ ﺃﺟـﻞ ﺍﳍـﺪﻡ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺨﺮﻳﺐ ؟" ‪،‬ﻟﻜﻦ ﻳﻨﺴﻰ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻢ ﺃﻥﹼ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻮﺣـﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﳊـﺮﻭﺏ ﺍﻹﺳـﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﺣﺼـﻞ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺨﺮﻳﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺘﻞ‪ .‬ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻘﺮﺃ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ‪:‬‬

‫ﻫﻢ‪ ‬ﹶﻓﺸ‪‬ـﺪ‪‬ﻭﺍﹾ‬
‫ﺣﺘ‪‬ـﻰٰ ِﺇﺫﹶﺁ ﺃﹶ ﹾﺛﺨ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﺘﻤ‪‬ـﻮ ‪‬‬
‫ﻛﻔﹶـﺮ‪‬ﻭﺍﹾ ﹶﻓﻀ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﺮﺏ‪ ‬ﭐﻟ ‪‬ﺮﻗﹶـﺎﺏِ ‪‬‬
‫) ﹶﻓ ِﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﹶﻟﻘِﻴ ‪‬ﺘﻢ‪ ‬ﭐ ﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ‪ ‬ﹶ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﺮﺏ‪ ‬ﺃﹶﻭ‪‬ﺯ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺭﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﺫﹶ ِﻟﻚ‪ ‬ﻭ‪‬ﻟﹶـﻮ‪ ‬ﻳﺸ‪‬ـﺂﺀُ ﺍﻟﻠﱠـﻪ‪‬‬
‫ﻀﻊ‪ ‬ﭐ ﹾﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﺣ ‪‬ﺘﻰٰ ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬‬
‫ﻌﺪ‪ ‬ﻭ‪ِ ‬ﺇﻣ‪‬ﺎ ِﻓﺪ‪‬ﺁﺀً ‪‬‬
‫ﭐ ﹾﻟﻮ‪‬ﺛﹶﺎﻕ‪ ‬ﹶﻓ ِﺈﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻣﻨ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬‬

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‫ﻌﺾٍ ﻭ‪‬ﭐ ﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ‪ ‬ﹸﻗ ِﺘﻠﹸـﻮﺍﹾ ﻓِـﻲ ﺳ‪‬ـﺒِﻴﻞِ ﭐﻟﻠﱠـﻪِ‬
‫ﻜﻢ‪ِ ‬ﺑ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻀ ﹸ‬
‫ﻌ ‪‬‬
‫ﻬﻢ‪ ‬ﻭ‪ ‬ﹶﻟ ٰـﻜِﻦ ﱢﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺒ ﹸﻠﻮ‪‬ﺍﹾ ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬‬
‫ﺼ ‪‬ﺮ ِﻣ ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬‬
‫ﻻﹶ ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬‬
‫ﻬﻢ‪ ( ‬ﳏﻤﺪ ‪٤‬‬
‫ﻋﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻀﻞﱠ ﺃﹶ ‪‬‬
‫ﹶﻓﻠﹶﻦ ‪‬ﻳ ِ‬

‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑ ﻣﺜﻴﻼ‪‬ﺎ ﺗﺄﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺘﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﳉﻬﺎﺩ ﻭﺍﳊﺮﻭﺏ‪.‬‬

‫ﻫﻞ ﻧﺘﻮﻗﻊ ﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺢ ﺳﻠﻤﻴﺎ ‪...‬ﺩﻭﻥ ﳎﺎﺯﺭ ‪..‬ﺳﱯ ‪...‬ﻭ‪‬ﺐ ؟؟‬

‫ﺳﻨﺘﺮﻙ ﻟﻚ ﺍﻻﺟﺎﺑﺔ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻥ ﺗﺮﻯ ﺑﻌﻴﻨﻚ ﻋﺰﻳـﺰﻱ ﺍﻟﻘـﺎﺭﻱﺀ ‪..‬ﻣـﺎ ﻗﻤﻨـﺎ ﺑـﻪ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺟﻬﺪ ﰲ ﲨﻊ ﻏﻴﺾ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻴﺾ ﻫـﺬﻩ ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘـﺔ ﺣـﻮﻝ ﻫـﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔـﺘﺢ ﺍﻻﺳـﻼﻣﻲ‬
‫‪...‬ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺢ ﺍﳌﻠﻲﺀ ﺑﺎﶈﺒـﺔ ﻭﺍﻻﺧـﺎﺀ ﻭﺭﻭﺡ ﺍﻟﺘﻌـﺎﻭﻥ ‪،‬ﺍﻟـﺬﻱ ﺟـﺎﺀ ﺭﲪـﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﺸـﺮ‬
‫ﻭ‪‬ﺪﻑ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ !‬

‫ﻭﻛﻤﺎ ﺳﻮﻑ ﻧﺘﻄﺮﻕ ﳌﺎ ﻓﻌﻠﻪ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﰲ ﺍﻷﻧﺪﻟﺲ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻟﻄﺎﳌﺎ ﺻﺪﻋﻮﺍ ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﺭﺅﻭﺳﻨﺎ ﻓﺨﺮﺍ ‪،‬ﻭﺳﻮﻑ ﻧـﺮﻯ ﻣﻌـﺎ ﻣـﺎ ﻛﺎﻧـﺖ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ﺑﻌـﺾ ﻣـﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳـﺔ ﻛﺒـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻵﺧﺮ ‪،‬ﻣﺜﻞ ﺧﺎﻟﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﻳﻼﺣﻆ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺾ ﺃﻥﹼ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﻭﻳﻦ ﻭﺭﺩﺕ ﲞﻂ ﲢﺘﻬﺎ ﻭﺑﻌﻀﻬﺎ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺧﻂ‬
‫ﲢﺘﻬﺎ ‪،‬ﻓﺎﻷﻭﱃ ﲤﺜﻞ ﻋﻨﺎﻭﻳﻦ ﰎ ﻭﺿﻌﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺒﲔ ﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﱵ ﱂ ﻳﻮﺿـﻊ ﲢﺘـﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺧﻂ ﻓﻬﻲ ﻋﻨﺎﻭﻳﻦ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺻﻞ ﺟﺰﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﳌﻘﺘﺒﺲ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

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‫×‪bäÜ‬‬

‫ﻧﻌﻠﻢ ﺃﻥﹼ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻳﺴﺘﻨﻜﺮﻭﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻞ ﺷﺨﺺ ﻳﺪﻋﻲ ﻭﺟـﻮﺩ ﻋﻨـﻒ‬

‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻭﻧﻌﻠﻢ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﻧﻪ ﰲ ﺃﻥﹼ ﺍﳊـﺮﻭﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺘﻮﺣـﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺳـﻼﻣﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺭﲪﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﺸﺮ ﻭﱂ ﺗﻜﻦ ‪‬ﺪﻑ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻬﺐ ﻭﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ ﺗـﺪﻣﲑ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﲣﺮﻳﺐ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﻥﹼ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﳊﺮﻭﺏ ﱂ ﳝﺖ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻴﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻭﻛﻠﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﶈـﺎﺭﺑﲔ‬
‫ﻃﺒﻌــﺎ ﺃﻱ ﺃﻧـــّﻪ ﱂ ﻳﻜــﻦ ﻫﻨــﺎﻙ ﺍﺳــﺘﻬﺪﺍﻑ ﻟﻠﻤــﺪﻧﻴﲔ ﻭﺍﻷﻃﻔــﺎﻝ ﰲ ﺍﳊــﺮﻭﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻭﺃﻥﹼ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﳜﻠﻮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺿﻄﻬﺎﺩ ﺍﻵﺧﺮﻳﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺳﻨﺜﺒﺖ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻋﻜﺲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺑﺴـﺮﺩ ﺍﻟﺸـﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﳜﻴـﺔ ﻣـﻊ‬
‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻬﺎ ‪،‬ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﻫﻲ ﲬﺴﺔ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺃﻭﳍﺎ ‪ :‬ﻣﻮﺳﻮﻋﺔ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﻟﻠﻤﺆﺭﺥ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﲑ ﻭﻟﻴﺎﻡ ﻻﳒﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴﻬﺎ ‪ :‬ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻗﺼﺔ ﺍﳊﻀﺎﺭﺓ ﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺷﻬﺮ ﻣـﺆﺭﺧﻲ ﺍﻟﻘـﺮﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺸـﺮﻳﻦ‬
‫ﻭﻝ ﺩﻳﻮﺭﺍﻧﺖ‪.‬‬
‫ﺛﺎﻟﺜﻬﺎ ‪ :‬ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﺑـﻦ ﺧﻠـﺪﻭﻥ ‪،‬ﻟﻌﺒـﺪ ﺍﻟـﺮﲪﻦ ﺑـﻦ ﺧﻠـﺪﻭﻥ ‪،‬ﻭﻫـﻮ ﺃﺣـﺪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻟﻄﺎﳌﺎ ﺍﻓﺘﺨﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﲔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺭﺍﺑﻌﻬـﺎ ‪ :‬ﻛﺘــﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺒﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﻐــﺮﺏ ﰲ ﺃﺧﺒــﺎﺭ ﺍﻷﻧــﺪﻟﺲ ﻭﺍﳌﻐــﺮﺏ ‪،‬ﻻﺑــﻦ ﻋــﺬﺍﺭﻱ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺮﺍﻛﺸﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺧﺎﻣﺴﻬﺎ ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻣﻞ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪،‬ﻻﺑﻦ ﺍﻷﺛﲑ‪.‬‬

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‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﰎ ﺗﺪﻋﻴﻢ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﻝ ﺑﺜﻼﺙ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺄﻟﻴﻒ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻋﺮﺏ ‪،‬ﻭﺫﻟـﻚ ﺣـﱴ ﻻ‬
‫ﺗﺜﺎﺭ ﻓﻜﺮﺓ ﺃﻥﹼ ﻛﺘﺒﺔ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﻛﻠﻬﻢ "ﺻﻠﻴﺒﻴﻮﻥ ﺣﺎﻗﺪﻭﻥ" ‪،‬ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺃﻥﹼ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ﻻ ﻳﻨﺪﺭﺝ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺃﺳﺎﺳـﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺛﻴـﻖ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤـﻲ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻧــّﲏ‬
‫ﺳﺄﺫﻛﺮ ﺃﺭﻗﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺧﻠﺪﻭﻥ ﻭﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋـﺬﺍﺭﻱ ﻭﻛﺘـﺎﺏ ﺍﺑـﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺛﲑ‪.‬‬

‫‪@ bÈÛa@„íŠbm@òÇìŽìß@Z@üëc‬‬

‫‪@ òÇìŽì¾a@åß@sÛbrÛa@õ§a‬‬

‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﺍﺕ ‪ ١٣٢٦-١٣١٧‬ﻗﺎﻡ ﺍﻷﺗـﺮﺍﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﺜﻤـﺎﻧﻴﲔ ﲝﺼـﺎﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﻨـﺔ ﺑﺮﻭﺻـﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺳﻠﻤﺖ ﰲ ﺳﺘﺔ ﺍﺑﺮﻳﻞ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺍﳌﺆﻭﻧﺔ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﲡﻮﻳﻊ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴـــﻨﻮﺍﺕ ‪ ١٣٨٦-١٣٧٧‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺳـــﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﺜﻤـــﺎﱐ ﰲ ﺍﻷﻧﺎﺿـــﻮﻝ ﺍﻷﻭﺳـــﻂ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻻﺻﻄﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﻣﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻗﻮﻧﻴﺔ )ﺣﺼﺎﺭ ﻗﻮﻧﻴﺔ ﺳﻨﺔ ‪.(١٣٨٧‬‬

‫‪٥‬‬

‫‪ ١٤٤٠‬ﺣﺎﺻﺮ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺑﻠﻐﺮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﳌﻤﻠﻜﺔ ﺍ‪‬ـﺮ ﻣﻨـﺬ‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ‪ ١٤٢٧‬ﻭﺃﺧﻔﻖ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﳊﺼﺎﺭ‪.‬‬

‫ﰲ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ١٤٥٣‬ﺗﻌﺮﺿﺖ ﺃﺳـﻮﺍﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﻨـﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺴـﻄﻨﻄﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﻘـﺬﺍﺋﻒ ﻣﺪﻓﻌﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺑﺎﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ‪،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﳌﻮﻛﻠﲔ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﻓﺎﻉ ﺍﺳﺘﻄﺎﻋﻮﺍ ﺇﺻﻼﺡ ﻣﺎ ﺃﺣﺪﺛﺘﻪ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻘﺬﺍﺋﻒ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺛﻐﺮﺍﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﺧﲑﺍ ﺃﻣـﺮ ﺍﻟﺴـﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﺑﺴـﺤﺐ ﺳـﺒﻌﲔ ﺳـﻔﻴﻨﺔ ﺧﻔﻴﻔـﺔ ﻋـﱪﺽ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺍﳌﻤﺘــﺪﺓ ﻣــﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﺳــﻔﻮﺭ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻘــﺮﻥ ﺍﻟــﺬﻫﱯ ﻭﺑــﺬﻟﻚ ﺍﺿــﻄﺮ ﺍﳌﻮﻛﻠــﻮﻥ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻟﺪﻓﺎﻉ ﺇﱃ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ ﺟﻬﻮﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﲔ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﱪ ﻭﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮ ﰒ ﺻﻮﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺜﻤﺎﻧﻴﻮﻥ ﻫﺠﻮﻣﺎ ﻛﺒﲑﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﺏ ﺩﻭﻣﺎﻧﻮﺱ ﺣﱴ ﺍﻗﺘﺤﻤﻮﻩ ﰲ ‪ ٩‬ﻣـﺎﻳﻮ‪ .‬ﻭﻭﻗـﻊ‬
‫ﻗﺴﻄﻨﻄﲔ ﻗﺘﻴﻼ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻛﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻠﺖ ﺫﻟـﻚ ﺍﳍﺠـﻮﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠـﺄ ﺍﻟﻜـﺜﲑ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻮﻛﻠﲔ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﻓﺎﻉ ﺇﱃ ﺳﻔﻦ ﲨﻬﻮﺭﻳﲏ‪ .‬ﺍﺳﺘﺴﻠﻤﺖ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨـﺔ ﻷﻋﻤـﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺴـﻠﺐ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻬﺐ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﻟﻴﺔ‪.‬‬

‫‪@ òÇìŽì¾a@åß@ïãbrÛa@õ§a‬‬
‫‪ ٨٦١-٨٤٧‬ا*‪%‬آ) ا‪,‬ي "*) "(' &‪ $%‬د" ! ا  ا ‪،‬أ  ت‬
‫ا*‪، ./‬وا‪ 178‬ا‪ 3,‬أ"‪%6‬ه‪ 0‬وا‪، 012 3(! 0‬آ‪ <,0‬ا;‪ /0‬وا‪%01‬د وا*‪390:‬‬
‫ود ‪ ?8‬ا‪ 1> 3:9‬آ‪2‬ء‪.‬‬

‫‪٦‬‬

‫‪@ òÇìŽì¾a@åß@÷ßb©a@õ§a‬‬

‫ﰲ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ١٨٢٢‬ﺍﺑﺮﻳﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻼﺀ ﺃﺳﻄﻮﻝ ﺗﺮﻛﻲ ﺑﻘﻴﺎﺩﺓ ﻗﺮﺓ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺟﺰﻳـﺮﺓ ﺧﻴـﻮﺱ‬
‫ﻭﺫﺑﺢ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ ﺃﻭ ﺑﻴﻌﻬﻢ ﺑﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻴﻖ‪.‬‬

‫‪@ ñŠb›¨a@ò—Ó@Z@bîãbq‬‬

‫‪@M@l‹€ÌÛa@À@âý€Ž⁄a@M@òîßý€Ž⁄a@ñŠb€›¨a@M@æbº⁄a@‹—Ç‬‬
‫‪@ @bîãbjŽg@À@âýŽ⁄a‬‬

‫ﻭﺭﺩ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳊﺎﻛﻢ ﺍﳌﻨﺼﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪:‬‬

‫‪٧‬‬

‫ﻭﳌﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺳﺎﻋﺪﺕ ﻭﻻﻳﺔ ﻟﻴﻮﻥ ‪ Leon‬ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺤﻴﺔ ﺛﻮﺭﺓ ﻗﺎﻣﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﰲ ﺑﻼﺩﻩِ‪ ،‬ﻓﺘﻚ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻟﺜﻮﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻭﻗﻊ ﺑﺄﻫﻞ ﻟﻴﻮﻥ ﻫﺰﳝﺔ ﻣﻨﻜﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﺎﺩ ﻣﻨﺘﺼﺮﺍ ﺇﱃ ﻋﺎﺻﻤﺘﻪِ؛ ﻭﻟﻘﺐ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﳊﲔ ﺑﺎﳌﻨﺼﻮﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺩﺭﻙ ﺃﻥﹼ ﺍﳊﺎﻛﻢ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻨﺘﺼﺮ ﰲ ﺍﳊﺮﻭﺏ‪ ،‬ﻋﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺃﻭ ﻇﺎﳌﺔ‪ ،‬ﻳﻌﻠـﻮ ﺷـﺄﻧﻪ‬
‫ﺑﲔ ﻣﻌﺎﺻﺮﻳﻪ ﻭﺑﲔ ﺍﻷﺟﻴﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﳍﺬﺍ ﺷﻦ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻟﻴﻮﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻮﱃ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺎﺻﻤﺘﻬﺎ ﻭﺩﻣﺮﻫﺎ ﻭﺫﺑﺢ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻧﻪ ﳌﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻮﱃ ﰲ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ٩٩٧‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺳﻨﺘﻴﺎﺟﻮ ﺩﻩ ﻛﻤﺒﺴﺴﺘﻴﻼ‬
‫‪ ،Santiago de Compstela‬ﻭﺩﻣـﺮ ﺿـﺮﻳﺢ ﺍﻟﻘـﺪﻳﺲ ﺟـﻴﻤﺲ ﺍﻟﺸـﻬﲑ‪ ،‬ﺃﺭﻏـﻢ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺳﺮﻯ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺤﻴﲔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﳛﻤﻠﻮﺍ ﺃﺑﻮﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺴﻴﺔ ﻭﺃﺟﺮﺍﺳﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻛﺘـﺎﻓﻬﻢ‬
‫ﰲ ﻣﻮﻛﺐ ﻧﺼﺮﻩ ﺣﱴ ﺩﺧﻞ ﻗﺮﻃﺒﺔ‪) .‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺃﻋﻴﺪﺕ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﺟﺮﺍﺱ ﻣـﺮﺓ ﺃﺧـﺮﻯ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﻛﻤﺒﺴﺴﺘﻴﻼ ﳏﻤﻮﻟﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻇﻬﺮ ﺃﺳﺮﻯ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ(‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﻏﺰﺍ ﻗﺸﺘﺎﻟﺔ ﰲ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ١٠٠٢‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﻭﻗﺘﺌﺬ ﰲ ﺍﳊﺎﺩﻳـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴـﺘﲔ ﻣـﻦ ﻋﻤـﺮﻩِ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻮﱃ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺪ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺩﻣﺮ ﺃﺩﻳﺮ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺧﺮﺏ ﺣﻘﻮﳍﺎ‪ ،‬ﰒ ﻣﺮﺽ ﰲ ﻃﺮﻳـﻖ ﺍﻟﻌـﻮﺩﺓ‬
‫ﺇﱃ ﺑﻼﺩﻩ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻭﺭﺩ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﻋﻤﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﻮﺕ ﺍﳌﻨﺼﻮﺭ ‪:‬‬

‫‪٨‬‬

‫ﻭﻋﻤﺖ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺿﻰ ﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﻷﻧﺪﻟﺲ ﺍﻹﺳـﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﺑﻌـﺪ ﻣـﻮﺕ ﺍﳌﻨﺼـﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻓﻠـﻢ ﻳﻜـﻦ‬
‫ﺃﻣﺮﺍﺅﻫﺎ ﳚﻠﺴﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺵ ﺇﻻ ﺯﻣﻨﺎ ﻗﺼﲑﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﺜﺮﺕ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ ﺣـﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﺍﻻﻏﺘﻴـﺎﻝ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﳌﻨﺎﺯﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺼﺮﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺣﺮﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻘﺎﺕ؛ ﻭﺭﺃﻯ ﺍﻟﱪﺑﺮ ﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﳏﺘﻘـﺮﻭﻥ ﻓﻘـﺮﺍﺀ ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺃﻗﺎﻣﻮﺍ ﺩﻋﺎﺋﻤﻬﺎ ﺑﺴﻮﺍﻋﺪﻫﻢ ﻭﺳﻴﻮﻓﻬﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﻗﺪ ﻃﻮﺡ ‪‬ﻢ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﻣﺎﺩﻭﺭﻩ ‪ Estremadura‬ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺣﻠﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺟﺒﺎﻝ ﻟﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﻓﺜﺎﺭﻭﺍ ﻣـﻦ ﺣـﲔ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺣﲔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ﺍﳊﺎﻛﻤﲔ‪ .‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﳌـﺪﻥ ﺍﳌﺴ ‪‬ﺘﻐ‪‬ﻠــﱠﻮﻥ ﳛﻘـﺪﻭﻥ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﻳﺴﺘﻐﻠﻮ‪‬ﻢ‪ ،‬ﻓﻜﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﳜﺮﺟﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﻳﻘﺘﻠﻮ‪‬ﻢ ﻭﻳﺴـﺘﺒﺪﻟﻮﻥ ‪‬ـﻢ ﻏﲑﻫـﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﲨﻌﺖ ﺳﺎﺋﺮ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻘﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﺮﻩ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻷﺳﺮﺓ ﺍﳊﺎﻛﻤﺔ ﺃﺳـﺮﺓ ﺍﺑـﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻋـﺎﻣﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱵ ﻛﺎﺩﺕ ﰲ ﻋﻬﺪ ﻭﻟﺪﻩ ﺗﺴﺘﺄﺛﺮ ﲜﻤﻴﻊ ﻣﻨﺎﺻﺐ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﻭﻣﻘﻮﻣـﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴـﻠﻄﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻣﺎﺕ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ ﰲ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ١٠٠٨‬ﻭﺗﻮﱃ ﺍﻟﻮﺯﺍﺭﺓ ﺑﻌـﺪﻩ ﺃﺧـﻮﻩ ﻋﺒـﺪ ﺍﻟـﺮﲪﻦ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻣﺴﺘﻬﺘﺮﺍ ﻳﺸﺮﺏ ﺍﳋﻤﺮ ﻋﻠﻨﺎ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺘﻮﺭﻉ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺭﺗﻜـﺎﺏ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﻳـﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﻳﻔﻀﻞ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﰲ ﺷﺆﻭﻥ ﺍﳊﻜﻢ‪ ،‬ﻓﻠـﻢ ﻳﻠﺒـﺚ ﺃﻥ ﻃـﺮﺩ ﻣـﻦ ﻣﻨﺼـﺒﻪ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺛﺮ ﺛﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﺷﺘﺮﻛﻲ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﲨﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﺣﺰﺍﺏ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒـﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﻓﻠـﺖ ﺍﻟﺰﻣـﺎﻡ ﻣـﻦ ﺃﻳـﺪﻱ‬
‫ﺯﻋﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺜﻮﺭﺓ ﻓﻨﻬﺒﺖ ﺍﳉﻤﺎﻫﲑ ﻗﺼﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻫﺮﺓ ﻭﺃﺣﺮﻗﺘـﻬﺎ ﻋـﻦ ﺁﺧﺮﻫـﺎ؛ ﻭﰲ ﻋـﺎﻡ‬
‫‪ ١٠١٢‬ﺍﺳﺘﻮﱃ ﺍﻟﱪﺑﺮ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻗﺮﻃﺒـﺔ ﻧﻔﺴـﻬﺎ ﻭﺃﻋﻤﻠـﻮﺍ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ ﺍﻟﺴـﻠﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻨـﻬﺐ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺫﲝﻮﺍ ﻧﺼﻒ ﺃﻫﻠـﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻃـﺮﺩﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﺼـﻒ ﺍﻟﺒـﺎﻗﻲ ﻣﻨـﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺟﻌﻠـﻮﺍ ﻫـﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨـﺔ‬
‫ﻋﺎﺻﻤﺔ ﺑﺮﺑﺮﻳﺔ‪ .‬ﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﺮﺓ ﺍﳌﻮﺟﺰﺓ ﻳﻘـﺺ ﺃﺣـﺪ ﺍﳌـﺆﺭﺧﲔ ﺍﳌﺴـﻴﺤﻴﲔ ﺛـﻮﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺃﺳﺒﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻴﻬﺔ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﺜﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺴﻴﺔ‪.‬‬

‫‪٩‬‬

‫ﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﳊﻤﺎﺳﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﺪﻓﻊ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﻬﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳍﺪﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺪﻣﲑ ﻗﻠﻤﺎ ﺗﻘﺘﺮﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﺼـﱪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺘﻄﻠﺒﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻤﲑ‪ .‬ﻓﻔﻲ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﺣﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﱪﺑﺮ ﺍﺧﺘﻞ ﺍﻷﻣﻦ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻡ ﻭﻋﻢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻬﺐ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﺍﺩ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﻄﻠﲔ؛ ﻭﺧﺮﺟﺖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﺮﻃﺒـﺔ ﺍﳌـﺪﺍﺋﻦ ﺍﳋﺎﺿـﻌﺔ‬
‫ﳍﺎ ﻭﻣﻨﻌﺖ‪.‬‬

‫‪@ æë‡Ü‚@åia@„íŠbm@Z@brÛbq‬‬

‫‪@ Éia‹Ûa@‡Üa‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺔ ﻭﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﻴﺪ )ﺹ ‪: (٧٦‬‬

‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺃﻡ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻨﺼﺮ ﻣﺘﻐﻠـّﺒﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻪ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﺼﻄﻨﻊ ﺍﻟﻮﺯﺭﺍﺀ ﻭﺗـﻮﻟﻴﻬﻢ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻳﺘﺨﺬﻭﻥ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﱄ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺗﺮﺍﻙ ﻟﻠﺘﻐﻠﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ‪ .‬ﻓﻤﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻮﺣﺸﺖ ﻣﻨﻪ‬
‫ﺃﻏﺮﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻨﺼﺮ ﻓﻘﺘﻠﻪ‪ .‬ﻓﺎﺳﺘﻮﺯﺭﺕ ﺃﻭﻻ ﺃﺑﺎ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﻔﻼﺣﻲ ﰒ ﺍﺳﺘﻮﺣﺸـﺖ‬
‫ﻣﻨﻪ ﻓﻘﺒﺾ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻨﺼﺮ ﻭﻗﺘﻠﻪ ‪،‬ﻭﻭﺯﺭ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ ﺃﺑﺎ ﺍﻟﱪﻛﺎﺕ ﺣﺴـﻦ ﺑـﻦ ﳏﻤـﺪ‬
‫ﻭﻋﺰﻟﻪ‪ .‬ﰒ ﻭﱄ ﺍﻟﻮﺯﺍﺭﺓ ﺃﺑﺎ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺯﻭﺭﻱ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺮﻳﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻣﻠـﺔ ﺗﺴـﻤﻰ ﺗـﺎﺯﻭﺭ ‪،‬ﻓﻘـﺎﻡ‬

‫‪١٠‬‬

‫ﺑﺎﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ ﻗﺘﻞ‪ .‬ﻭﻭﺯﺭ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ ﺃﺑﻮ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺍﳊﺴﲔ ﺑﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺑﻠﻲ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻒ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﱄ ﺍﻟﺴـﻮﺩﺍﻥ ﻧﺎﺻـﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟـﺔ ﺍﺑـﻦ ﲪـﺪﺍﻥ ‪،‬ﻭﺍﺳـﺘﻤﺎﻟﻮﺍ ﻣﻌﻬـﻢ ﻛﺘﺎﻣـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﳌﺼﺎﻣـِﺪﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﺧﺮﺝ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﻴﺪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻀـﻴﺎﻉ ﻭﺍﺟﺘﻤﻌـﻮﺍ ﰲ ﲬﺴـﲔ ﺃﻟـﻒ ﻣﻘﺎﺗـﻞ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻷﺗﺮﺍﻙ ﺳﺘﺔ ﺁﻻﻑ ‪،‬ﻭﺷﻜﻮﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻨﺼﺮ ﻓﻠـﻢ ﻳﺸـﻜﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻓﺨﺮﺟـﻮﺍ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﻏﺮﻣﺎﺋﻬﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﻮﺍ ﺑﻜﻮﻡ ﺍﻟـﺮﻳﺶ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﻛﻤـﻦ ﺍﻷﺗـﺮﺍﻙ ﻟﻠﻌﺒﻴـﺪ ﻓﻠﻘـﻮﻫﻢ ﻓـﺎ‪‬ﺰﻣﻮﺍ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﺧﺮﺝ ﻛﻤﻴﻨﻬﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﻴـﺪ ‪،‬ﻭﺿـﺮﺑﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻗـﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺎﺳـﺎﺕ ﻓﺎﺭﺗـﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﻴـﺪ‬
‫ﻭﻇﻨﻮﻩ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻨﺼﺮ ﻓﺎ‪‬ﺰﻣﻮﺍ ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﻏﺮﻕ ﳓﻮ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﲔ ﺃﻟﻔﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﺭﺩ ﻋﻦ ﺑﺪﺭ ﺍﳉﻤﺎﱄ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ )ﺹ ‪: (٧٧‬‬

‫ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﺇﱃ ﺩﻣﻴـﺎﻁ ﻭﻗـﺪ ﺗﻐﻠـﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻬـﺎ ﲨﺎﻋـﺔ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﳌﻔﺴـﺪﻳﻦ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻟﻌـﺮﺏ‬
‫ﻭﻏﲑﻫﻢ ﻓﺄﺛﺨﻦ ﰲ ﻟﻮﺍﺗـَﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺘﻞ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻬﺐ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ‪،‬ﻭﺳﱮ ﻧﺴـﺎﺀﻫﻢ‬
‫ﻭﻏﻨﻢ ﺧﻴﻮﳍﻢ‪ .‬ﰒ ﺳﺎﺭ ﺇﱃ ﺟﻬﻴﻨﺔ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺛـﺎﺭﻭﺍ ﻭﻣﻌﻬـﻢ ﻗـﻮﻡ ﻣـﻦ ﺑـﲏ ﺟﻌﻔـﺮ‬
‫ﻓﻠﻘﻴﻬﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻃﺮﺥ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺗﺴﻊ ﻭﺳﺘﲔ ﻓﻬﺰﻣﻬﻢ ﻭﺃﺛﺨﻦ ﻓـﻴﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﻏـﻨﻢ‬
‫ﺃﻣﻮﺍﳍﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﻗﺘﻞ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺱ )ﺹ ‪(٧٨‬‬

‫‪١١‬‬

‫ﻭﺃﻧﺰﻝ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﺑﻘﻠﻌﺔ ﺑﺎﻧﻴﺎﺱ ‪،‬ﻭﺩﺧﻞ ﺩﻣﺸﻖ ﰲ ﺫﻱ ﺍﻟﻘﻌﺪﺓ ‪،‬ﻭﺧﻄﺐ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻤﺘﻘﺪﻱ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺳﻲ‪ .‬ﰒ ﺳﺎﺭ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺼﺮ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺗﺴﻊ ﻭﺳـﺘﲔ ﻓﺤﺎﺻـﺮﻫﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﲨـﻊ‬
‫ﺑﺪﺭ ﺍﳉﻤﺎﱄ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﺎﻛﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ﻭﻏﲑﻫﻢ ﻭﻗﺎﺗﻠﻪ ﻓﻬﺰﻣﻪ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﺃﻛﺜـﺮ ﺃﺻـﺤﺎﺑﻪ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﺭﺟﻊ ﺇﺗﺴﺰ ﻣﻨﻬﺰﻣﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻡ ﻓﺄﺗﻰ ﺩﻣﺸﻖ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺻﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﳐﻠــّﻔﻪ ﻓﺸـﻜﺮﻫﻢ‬
‫ﻭﺭﻓﻊ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﺧﺮﺍﺝ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺗﺴﻊ ﻭﺳـﺘﲔ ‪،‬ﻭﺟـﺎﺀ ﺇﱃ ﺑﻴـﺖ ﺍﳌﻘـﺪﺱ ﻓﻮﺟـﺪﻫﻢ ﻗـﺪ‬
‫ﻋﺎﺛﻮﺍ ﰲ ﳐﻠﻔـﻪ ‪،‬ﻭﺣﺼـﺮﻭﺍ ﺃﻫﻠـﻪ ﻭﺃﺻـﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﰲ ﻣﺴـﺠﺪ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ﺍﻟﺴـﻼﻡ‬
‫ﻓﺤﺎﺻﺮﻫﻢ ﻭﺩﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪ ﻋﻨﻮﺓ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺃﻫﻠﻪ ﺣـﱴ ﻗﺘـﻞ ﻛـﺜﲑﺍ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺴـﺠﺪ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻗﺼﻰ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﺘﻮﺣﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﰲ ﺍﳍﻨﺪ )ﺹ ‪(٤٤٧‬‬

‫ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﳍﻨﺪ ﻭﺍﺛﻘﲔ ﺑﻘﻨﻮﺝ ‪ :‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺳﺒﻊ ﻗﻼﻉ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟـﻚ ﺍﳌـﺎﺀ‬
‫‪،‬ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺁﻻﻑ ﺑﻴﺖ ﻟﻸﺻﻨﺎﻡ ‪،‬ﺗﺰﻋﻢ ﺍﳍﻨﻮﺩ ﺃﻥﹼ ﺗﺎﺭﳜﻬﺎ ﻣﻨﺬ ﻣﺎﺋﱵ ﺃﻟﻒ ﺳـﻨﺔ‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﺛﻼﲦﺌﺔ ﺃﻟﻒ ﺳﻨﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﻧـّﻬﺎ ﱂ ﺗﺰﻝ ﻣﺘﻌﺒﺪﺍ ﳍﻢ‪ .‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻭﺻﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﺃﻷﻓﺎﻫﺎ‬
‫ﺧﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻗﺪ ﻫﺮﺏ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﻓﻔﺘﺤﻬﺎ ﻛﻠﻬﺎ ﰲ ﻳﻮﻡ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺒﺎﺣﻬﺎ ﺃﻫـﻞ ﻋﺴـﻜﺮﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﰒ ﺃﺧﺬ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﲑ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺇﱃ ﻗﻠﻌﺔ ﻟﻨﺞ ‪،‬ﻭﺗﻌﺮﻑ ﺑﻘﻠﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﱪﺍﳘﺔ ﻓﻘﺎﺗﻠﻮﺍ ﺳﺎﻋﺔ ﰒ‬
‫ﺗﺴﺎﻗﻄﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻋﺎﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺮﻣـﺎﺡ ﻭﺿـﻴﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼـﻔﺎﺡ‪ .‬ﰒ ﺳـﺎﺭ ﺇﱃ ﻗﻠﻌـﺔ‬
‫ﺃﺳﺎ ﻭﻣﻠﻜﻬﺎ ﺟﻨﺪﺑﺎﻝ ﻓﻬﺮﺏ ﻭﺗﺮﻛﻬﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﺑﺘﺨﺮﻳﺒﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﰒ ﻋﻄﻒ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺟﻨﺪﺭﺍﻱ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻛﺎﺑﺮ ﺍﳍﻨﻮﺩ ﰲ ﻗﻠﻌﺔ ﻣﻨﻴﻌﺔ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺟﻴﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﳍﻨـﺪ ﻣـﻦ ﻗﺒـﻞ‬

‫‪١٢‬‬

‫ﺫﻟــﻚ ﻳﻄﻠﺒــﻪ ﻟﻠﻄﺎﻋــﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﻟﻔــﺔ ﻓﻴﻤﺘﻨــﻊ ﻋﻠﻴــﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﳊــﻖ ﺟﻴﺒــﺎﻝ ﺑﻨﻬﻮﺟــﺪ ﺃﺣــﺪ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻐﺮﻭﺭﻳﻦ ﲝﺼﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﻘﻞ ﻓﻨﺠﺎ ﺑﻨﻔﺴﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﺭﺍﻡ ﺟﻨﺪﺭﺍﻱ ﺍﳌﺪﺍﻓﻌﺔ ﻭﺛﻮﻗﺎ ﺑﺎﻣﺘﻨﺎﻉ ﻗﻠﻌﺘﻪ‪ .‬ﰒ ﺗﻨﺼﺢ ﻟﻪ ﲜﻴﺒﺎﻝ ‪،‬ﻭﻣﻨﻌﻪ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻚ ﻓﻬﺮﺏ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺃﻣﻮﺍﻟﻪ ﻭﺃﻧﺼﺎﺭﻩ ﺇﱃ ﺟﺒـﺎﻝ ﻭﺭﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻌـﺔ ﻭﺍﻓﺘﺘﺤﻬـﺎ ﺍﻟﺴـﻠﻄﺎﻥ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﺣﺼﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻏﻨﺎﺋﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﰲ ﺃﺗﺒﺎﻉ ﺟﻨﺪﺭﺍﻱ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﺛﺨـﻦ ﻓـﻴﻬﻢ ﻗـﺘﻼ ﻭ‪‬ﺒـﺎ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﻏﻨﻢ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺃﻣﻮﺍﻻ ﻭﻓﻴﻮﻻ‪.‬‬

‫ﻏﺰﻭ ﺍﻷﻓﻘﺎﻧﻴﺔ )ﺹ ‪(٤٤٨‬‬

‫ﳌﺎ ﺭﺟﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﺇﱃ ﻏﺰﻧﺔ ﺭﺍﺳﻞ ﺑﻴﺪﻭ ﻭﻭﺍﱄ ﻗﻨـﻮﺝ ‪،‬ﻭﺍﲰـﻪ ﺭﺍﺟﺒـﺎﻥ ﺑﺪﳊـﻪ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﻃﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﺘﺎﺏ ﻭﺁﻝ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﺎﻝ ﻓﻘﺘـﻞ ﻭﺍﱄ ﻗﻨـﻮﺝ ﻭﺍﺳـﺘﺤﻠﻤﺖ ﺟﻨـﻮﺩﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻃﻐﻰ ﺑﻴﺪﻭ ﻭﻏﻠﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻠﻮﻙ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻪ ﻭﺻﺎﺭﻭﺍ ﰲ ﲨﻠﺘﻪ ﻭﻭﻋﺪﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺩ ﻣـﺎ‬
‫ﻏﻠﺒﻬﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﳏﻤﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﳕﻲ ﺍﳋـﱪ ﺑـﺬﻟﻚ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ ﻓـﺎﻣﺘﻌﺾ ‪،‬ﻭﺳـﺎﺭ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺑﻴﺪﻭ ﻓﻐﻠﺒﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻠﻜﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﺅﻩ ﰲ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﻪ ﺑﺎﻷﻓﻘﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻃﻮﺍﺋﻒ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﻓـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺍﳍﻨﻮﺩ ﻣﻌﺘﺼﻤﻮﻥ ﺑﻘﻼﺋﻞ ﺍﳉﺒﺎﻝ ﻭﻳﻔﺴﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻠﺔ ﻓﺴﺎﺭ ﰲ ﺑﻼﺩﻫﻢ ﻭﺩﻭﺧﻬﺎ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﻋﱪ ‪‬ﺮ ﻛﻨﻚ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻭﺍﺩ ﻋﻤﻴﻖ ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﺟﻴﺒـﺎﻝ ﻣـﻦ ﻭﺭﺍﺋـﻪ ﻓﻌـﱪ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻋﺴـﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺒﻮﺭ ﻓﺎ‪‬ﺰﻡ ﺟﻴﺒﺎﻝ ﻭﺃﺳﺮ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣـﻦ ﺃﺻـﺤﺎﺑﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﺧﻠـﺺ ﺟﺮﳛـﺎ ﻭﺍﺳـﺘﺄﻣﻦ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﺆﻣﻨـﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺴـﻠﻢ ﻓﺴـﺎﺭ ﻟﻴﻠﺤـﻖ ﺑﺒﻴﺒـﺪﻭ ﻓﻐـﺪﺭ ﺑـﻪ ﺑﻌـﺾ‬

‫‪١٣‬‬

‫ﺍﳍﻨﻮﺩ ﻭﻗﺘﻠﻪ‪ .‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺭﺃﻯ ﻣﻠﻮﻙ ﺍﳍﻨـﺪ ﺫﻟـﻚ ﺗـﺎﺑﻌﻮﺍ ﺭﺳـﻠﻬﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺴـﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻋﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﺗﺎﻭﻩ‪ .‬ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺑـﺎﺭﻱ ﻣـﻦ ﺃﺣﺼـﻦ ﺑـﻼﺩ ﺍﳍﻨـﺪ ﻓﺄﻟﻔﺎﻫـﺎ‬
‫ﺧﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻓﺄﻣﺮ ﺑﺘﺨﺮﻳﺒﻬﺎ ﻭﻋﺸﺮ ﻗﻼﻉ ﳎﺎﻭﺭﺓ ﳍﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﺧﻠﻘﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﰲ‬
‫ﻃﻠﺐ ﺑﻴﺪﻭ ﻭﻗﺪ ﲢﺼﻦ ﺑﻨﻬﺮ ﺃﺩﺍﺭ ﻣﺎﺀﻩ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣـﻦ ﲨﻴـﻊ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺒـﻪ ‪،‬ﻭﻣﻌـﻪ ﺳـﺘﺔ‬
‫ﻭﲬﺴﻮﻥ ﺃﻟﻒ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ‪،‬ﻭﲦﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺃﻟﻒ ﺭﺍﺟﻞ ﻭﺳﺒﻌﻤﺎﺋﺔ ﻭﲬﺴﻮﻥ ﻓﻴﻼ ﻓﻘﺎﺗﻠـﻬﻢ‬
‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻳﻮﻣﺎ ﻭﺣﺠﺰ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﻓﺄﺟﻔـﻞ ﺑﻴـﺪﻭ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﺻـﺒﺤﺖ ﺩﻳـﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻼﻗـﻊ‪ .‬ﻭﺗـﺮﻙ‬
‫ﺧﺰﺍﺋﻦ ﺍﻷﻣـﻮﺍﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺴـﻼﺡ ﻓﻐﻨﻤﻬـﺎ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻭﺗﺘﺒﻌـﻮ ﺁﺛـﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﻓﻮﺟـﺪﻭﻫﻢ ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻐﻴﺎﺽ ﻭﺍﻵﻛﺎﻡ ﻓﺄﻛﺜﺮﻭﺍ ﻓﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﻞ ﻭﺍﻷﺳﺮ ﻭﳒﺎ ﺑﻴـﺪﻭ ﺑـﺪﻣﺎﺀ ﻧﻔﺴـﻪ ‪،‬ﻭﺭﺟـﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﺇﱃ ﻏﺰﻧﺔ ﻇﺎﻓﺮﺍ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﺘﺢ ﺳﻮﻣﻨﺎﺕ )ﺹ ‪(٤٤٩‬‬

‫ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻛﻠﻤﺎ ﻓﺘﺢ ﳏﻤﻮﺩ ﺑﻦ ﺳﺒﻜﺘﻜﲔ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﳍﻨـﺪ ﻓﺘﺤـﺎ ﺃﻭ ﻛﺴـﺮ ﺻـﻨﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﳍﻨﺪ ‪ :‬ﺇﻥ ﺳﻮﻣﻨﺎﺕ ﺳﺎﺧﻂ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﻟﻮ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺍﺿﻴﺎ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻷﻫﻠـﻚ‬
‫ﳏﻤﻮﺩ ﺩﻭﻧﻪ‪ .‬ﻓﺎﻋﺘﺰﻡ ﳏﻤـﻮﺩ ﺑـﻦ ﺳـﺒﻜﺘﻜﲔ ﺇﱃ ﻏـﺰﻭﻩ ﻭﺗﻜـﺬﺏ ﺩﻋـﺎﻭﻳﻬﻢ ﰲ‬
‫ﺷﺄﻧﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﺧﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻔﺎﺯﺓ ﺇﱃ ﺣﺼﻮﻥ ﻣﺸﺤﻮﻧﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ ﻗـﺪ ﻏـﻮ‪‬ﺭﻭﺍ ﺁﺑـﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﳐﺎﻓـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﳊﺼــﺎﺭ ‪،‬ﻓﻘــﺬﻑ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺮﻋــﺐ ﰲ ﻗﻠــﻮ‪‬ﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﻓﺘﺤﻬــﺎ ﻭﻗﺘــﻞ ﺳــﻜﺎ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻛﺴــﺮ‬

‫‪١٤‬‬

‫ﺃﺻﻨﺎﻣﻬﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻘﻰ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﳌـﺎﺀ‪ .‬ﻭﺳـﺎﺭ ﺇﱃ ﺃ‪‬ﻠـﻮﺍﺭﻥ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﺟﻔـﻞ ﻋﻨـﻬﺎ ﺻـﺎﺣﺒﻬﺎ‬
‫‪‬ﻴﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﺇﱃ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺣﺼﻮﻧﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﺴـﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨـﺔ ﻭﻣـﺮ ﺇﱃ ﺳـﻮﻣﻨﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻭﻭﺟﺪ ﰲ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﻪ ﺣﺼﻮﻧﺎ ﻛـﺜﲑﺓ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ ﺃﺻـﻨﺎﻡ ﻭﺿـﻌﻮﻫﺎ ﻛﺎﻟﻨﻘﺒـﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﳋﺪﻣـﺔ‬
‫ﻟﺴﻮﻣﻨﺎﺕ ﻓﻔﺘﺤﻬﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﺧﺮ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻛﺴﺮ ﺃﺻﻨﺎﻣﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﺇﺟﻼﺀ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻣﻦ ﺧﺮﺳﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻞ ‪‬ﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺘﻞ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻄﻊ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻠﺐ )ﺹ ‪(٤٥٣‬‬

‫ﻭﳌﺎ ﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﳏﻤﻮﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﺑﻨﻪ ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ﺃﻳﻀـﺎ ﻭﺳـﺎﺭﻭﺍ ﻣﻌـﻪ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﻏﺰﻧﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺧﺮﺍﺳﺎﻥ ﻓﺴﺄﻟﻮﻩ ﻓﻴﻤﻦ ﺑﻘﻲ ﻣﻨـﻬﻢ ﲜﺒـﻞ ﺑﻜﺠـﺎﻥ ﻋﻨـﺪ ﺧـﻮﺍﺭﺯﻡ‬
‫ﻓﺄﺫﻥ ﳍﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺴﻬﻠﻮﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺒﺴﺎﺋﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺮﻁ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻋﺔ‪ .‬ﰒ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺾ ﺃﲪﺪ ﻧﻴﺎﻝ‬
‫ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﳍﻨﺪ ﻓﺴﺎﺭ ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻭﻭﱃ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺧﺮﺍﺳﺎﻥ ﺗـﺎﺵ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺜـﺮ ﻋﻴـﺚ ﻫـﺆﻻﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻐﺰ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺩ ﻓﺄﻭﻗﻊ ‪‬ﻢ ﺗﺎﺵ ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﺃﻣﲑﻫﻢ ﻳﻐﻤﺮ‪ .‬ﻭﺑﻌﺚ ﺍﻟﺴـﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﻣﺴـﻌﻮﺩ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻼﻫﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺩ ﻭﻣﺜﻞ ‪‬ﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺘﻞ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻄﻊ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻠﺐ‪ .‬ﻓﺴـﺎﺭﻭﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟـﺮﻱ‪‬‬
‫ﻃﺎﻟﺒﲔ ﺃﺫﺭﺑﻴﺠﺎﻥ ﻟﻠﺤﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺮﺍﻗﻴﺔ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻣﺮ ﺫﻛـﺮﻫﻢ ﻓﻤﻠﻜـﻮﺍ ﺍﻟـﺪﺍﻣﻐﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻭ‪‬ﺒﻮﻫﺎ ﰒ ﲰﻨﺎﻥ‪.‬‬

‫ﻏﺰﻭ ﻧﺮﺳﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳍﻨﺪ ﻭﺗﻘﺎﺳﻢ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺍﻝ ﻛـﻴﻼ )ﺃﻱ ﺑـﺎﻟﻮﺯﻥ(‬
‫)ﺹ ‪(٤٥٤‬‬
‫‪١٥‬‬

‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﳏﻤﻮﺩ ﻗﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﻠﻒ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳍﻨـﺪ ﻣـﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﻟﻴـﻪ ﺃﲪـﺪ ﻧﻴـﺎﻝ‬
‫ﺗﻜﲔ ‪،‬ﻓﻐﺰﺍ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺇﺣﺪﻯ ﻭﻋﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻧﺮﺳﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﻣﺪﻥ ﺍﳍﻨﺪ ﰲ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ‬
‫ﺃﻟﻒ ﻣﻘﺎﺗﻞ ﻓﻨﻬﺐ ﻭﺧﺮﺏ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺒﺎﺣﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻓﺠﺎﺀ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻓﺪﺧﻠـﻬﺎ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺃﺣﺪ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺒﻬﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺒﺎﺣﻬﺎ ﻳﻮﻣﺎ ﻭﱂ ﻳﺴﺘﻮﻋﺒﻬﺎ ﺣﱴ ﺧﺮﺟﻮﺍ ﻓﺒـﺎﺗﻮﺍ ﺑﻈﺎﻫﺮﻫـﺎ‬
‫ﺧﻮﻓﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺴﻤﻮﺍ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺍﻝ ﻛـﻴﻼ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﺭﺍﺩﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﻌـﻮﺩ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻐﺪ ﻓﺪﺍﻓﻌﻬﻢ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﻭﺭﺟﻊ ﺃﲪﺪ ﻧﻴﺎﻝ ﺑﻌﺴﺎﻛﺮﻩ ﺇﱃ ﺑﻠﺪﻩ‪.‬‬

‫ﻏــﺰﻭﺓ ﺷــﻬﺎﺏ ﺍﻟــﺪﻳﻦ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳍﻨــﺪ ﻭﻫﺰﳝــﺔ ﺍﳌﺴــﻠﻤﲔ ﺑﻌــﺪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺢ ﰒ ﻏﺰﻭﺗﻪ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻭﻫﺰﳝﺔ ﺍﳍﻨﻮﺩ ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﻣﻠﻜﻬﻢ ﻭﻓﺘﺢ‬
‫ﺃﲨﲑ )ﺹ ‪(٤٥٤‬‬

‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺷﻬﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻗﺪ ﺳﺎﺭ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺛﻼﺙ ﻭﲦﺎﻧﲔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳍﻨﺪ ﻭﻗﺼﺪ ﺑـﻼﺩ ﺃﲨـﲑ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﺗﻌﺮﻑ ﺑﻮﻻﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺍﻙ ﻭﺍﺳﻢ ﻣﻠﻜﻬﻢ ﻛﻮﻛﻪ ﻓﻤﻠـﻚ ﻋﻠـﻴﻬﻢ ﻣﺪﻳﻨـﺔ ﺗﱪﻧـﺪﺓ‬
‫ﻭﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺃﺳﺮﺳﱵ ﻭﻛﻮﻩ ﺭﺍﻡ ﻓﺎﻣﺘﻌﺾ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ ‪،‬ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﻟﻠﻘﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﻣﻌﻪ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ‬
‫ﻋﺸﺮ ﻓﻴﻼ ﻭﻟﻘﻴﻬﻢ ﺷﻬﺎﺏ ﺍﻟـﺪﻳﻦ ﰲ ﻋﺴـﺎﻛﺮ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﲔ ﻓﺎ‪‬ﺰﻣـﺖ ﻣﻴﻤﻨﺘـﻪ‬
‫ﻭﻣﻴﺴﺮﺗﻪ ‪،‬ﻭﲪﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻔﻴﻠﺔ ﻓﻄﻌﻦ ﻣﻨـﻬﺎ ﻭﺍﺣـﺪﺍ ‪،‬ﻭﺭﻣـﻲ ﲝﺮﺑـﺔ ﰲ ﺳـﺎﻋﺪﻩ‬
‫ﻓﺴﻘﻂ ﻋﻦ ﻓﺮﺳﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺎﺗﻞ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻓﺨﻠﺼﻮﻩ ﻭﺍ‪‬ﺰﻣـﻮﺍ ﻭﻭﻗـﻒ ﺍﳍﻨـﻮﺩ‬
‫ﲟﻜﺎ‪‬ﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﳌﺎ ﺃﺑﻌﺪ ﺷﻬﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻛﺔ ﻧﺰﻑ ﻣـﻦ ﺟﺮﺣـﻪ ﺍﻟـﺪﻡ ﻓﺄﺻـﺎﺑﻪ‬

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‫ﺍﻟﻐﺸﻲ ‪،‬ﻭﲪﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻛﺘﺎﻓﻬﻢ ﰲ ﳏﻔﺔ ﺍﲣﺬﻭﻫﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﺒﻮﺩ ﻭﻭﺻﻠﻮﺍ ﺑﻪ‬
‫ﺇﱃ ﳍﺎﻭﺭ‪ .‬ﰒ ﺳﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺇﱃ ﻏﺰﻧﺔ ﻓﺄﻗﺎﻡ ﺇﱃ ﺳﻨﺔ ﲦﺎﻥ ﻭﲦﺎﻧﲔ ‪،‬ﻭﺧـﺮﺝ ﻣـﻦ ﻏﺰﻧـﺔ‬
‫ﻏﺎﺯﻳﺎ ﻟﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﺜﺄﺭ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﳍﻨﺪ ﻭﻭﺻﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺑﺮﺳﺎﻭﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻭﺟـﻮﻩ ﻋﺴـﻜﺮﻩ ﰲ‬
‫ﺳﺨﻄﺔ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻣﻨـﺬ ﺍ‪‬ﺰﻣـﻮﺍ ﻋﻨـﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺑـﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ ﻓﺤﻀـﺮﻭﺍ ﻋﻨـﺪﻩ ﻭﺍﻋﺘـﺬﺭﻭﺍ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﻭﻋﺪﻭﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺜﺒﺎﺕ ‪،‬ﻭﺗﻀـﺮﻋﻮﺍ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼـﻔﺢ ﻓﻘﺒـﻞ ﻣﻨـﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﺻـﻔﺢ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﺣﱴ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﻰ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﺍﳌﺼﺎﻑ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻭﲡﺎﻭﺯﻩ ﺑﺄﺭﺑﻊ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ‪،‬ﻭﻓـﺘﺢ‬
‫ﰲ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﻪ ﺑﻼﺩﺍ‪ .‬ﻭﲨﻊ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﳍﻨﺪ ‪،‬ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﻟﻠﻘﺎﺋﻪ ﻓﻜ ‪‬ﺮ ﺭﺍﺟﻌﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ ﻗـﺎﺭﺏ ﺑـﻼﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﺑﺜﻼﺙ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ‪،‬ﻭﳊﻘـﻪ ﺍﳍﻨـﻮﺩ ﻗﺮﻳﺒـﺎ ﻣـﻦ ﺑﺮﺑـﺮ ﻓﺒﻌـﺚ ﺷـﻬﺎﺏ ﺍﻟـﺪﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺳﺒﻌﲔ ﺃﻟﻔﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺴﻜﺮﻩ ﻟﻴﺄﺗﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻌـﺪﻭ ﻣـﻦ ﻭﺭﺍﺋﻬـﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﻭﺍﻋـﺪﻫﻢ ﻫـﻮ ﺍﻟﺼـﺒﺎﺡ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﺃﺳﺮﻯ ﻫﻮ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻓﺼﺎﲝﻬﻢ ﻓﺬﻫﻠﻮﺍ ﻭﺭﻛﺐ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ ﻓﺮﺳﻪ ﻟﻠﻬﺮﻭﺏ ﻓﺘﻤﺴـﻚ ﺑـﻪ‬
‫ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻛﺐ ﺍﻟﻔﻴﻞ ‪،‬ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻤﺎﺗﺖ ﻗﻮﻣﻪ ﻋﻨـﺪﻩ ﻭﻛﺜـﺮ ﻓـﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﺘـﻞ ﻭﺧﻠـﺺ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻓﺄﺧﺬﻭﻩ ﺃﺳﲑﺍ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﺣﻀﺮﻭﻩ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺷﻬﺎﺏ ﺍﻟـﺪﻳﻦ ﻓﻮﻗـﻒ ﺑـﲔ ﻳﺪﻳـﻪ‬
‫ﻭﺟﺬﺑﻮﺍ ﺑﻠﺤﻴﺘﻪ ﺣﱴ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪ .‬ﰒ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻘﺘﻞ ﻭﱂ ﻳﻨﺞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳍﻨﻮﺩ ﺇﻻ ﺍﻷﻗﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻏﻨﻢ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﲨﻴﻊ ﻣﺎ ﻣﻌﻬﻢ ﻭﻛـﺎﻥ ﰲ ﲨﻠـﺔ ﺍﻟﻐﻨـﺎﺋﻢ ﺍﻟﻔﻴـﻮﻝ‪ .‬ﰒ ﺳـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺷﻬﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺇﱃ ﺣﺼﻨﻬﻢ ﺍﻷﻋﻈﻢ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺃﲨﲑ ﻓﻔﺘﺤﻪ ﻋﻨـﻮﺓ ‪،‬ﻭﻣﻠـﻚ ﲨﻴـﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻘﺎﺭﺑﻪ ﻭﺃﻗﻄﻌﻬـﺎ ﻛﻠـﻬﺎ ﳌﻤﻠﻮﻛـﻪ ﺃﺑﻴـﻚ ﻧﺎﺋﺒـﻪ ﰲ ﺩﳍـﻲ ﻭﻋـﺎﺩ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﻏﺰﻧﺔ‪.‬‬

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‫‪@ sÛbrÛa@‡Üa‬‬

‫‪‬ﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﺒﺼﺮﺓ )ﺹ ‪(٦٤٣‬‬

‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺒﺼﺮﺓ ﰲ ﻭﻻﻳﺔ ﻃﻐﺮﻝ ﳑﻠﻮﻙ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺻـﺮ ‪،‬ﻛـﺎﻥ ﻣﻘﻄﻌﻬـﺎ ﻭﺍﺗﻨـﺎﺏ ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﳏﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺇﲰﺎﻋﻴﻞ ‪،‬ﻭﺍﺟﺘﻤـﻊ ﺑﻨـﻮ ﻋـﺎﻣﺮ ﺑـﻦ ﺻﻌﺼـﻌﺔ ﺳـﻨﺔ ﲦـﺎﻥ ﻭﲦـﺎﻧﲔ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﺃﻣﲑﻫﻢ ﻋﻤﲑﺓ ﻗﺼﺪﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺼـﺮﺓ ﻟﻠﻨـﻬﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻴـﺚ‪ .‬ﻭﺧـﺮﺝ ﺇﻟـﻴﻬﻢ ﳏﻤـﺪ ﺑـﻦ‬
‫ﺇﲰﺎﻋﻴﻞ ﰲ ﺻﻔﺮ ﻓﻘﺎﺗﻠﻬﻢ ﺳﺎﺋﺮ ﻳﻮﻣﻪ ﰒ ﲦﻠﻮﺍ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﲦﻼ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺭ ﻭﺩﺧﻠﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪ ‪،‬ﻭﻋﺎﺛﻮﺍ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻗﺘﻼ ﻭ‪‬ﺒﺎ‪ .‬ﰒ ﺑﻠﻎ ﺑـﲏ ﻋـﺎﻣﺮ ﺃﻥﹼ ﺧﻔﺎﺟـﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﺸـﻔﻖ ﺳـﺎﺭﻭﺍ‬
‫ﻟﻘﺘﺎﳍﻢ ﻓﺮﺣﻠﻮﺍ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﻗـﺎﺗﻠﻮﻫﻢ ﻓﻬﺰﻣـﻮﻫﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﻏﻨﻤـﻮﺍ ﺃﻣـﻮﺍﳍﻢ ﻭﻋـﺎﺩﻭﺍ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺼﺮﺓ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﲨﻊ ﺍﻷﻣﲑ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺍﺩ ﻓﻠـﻢ ﻳﻘﻮﻣـﻮﺍ ﻟﻠﻌـﺮﺏ ﻭﺍ‪‬ﺰﻣـﻮﺍ ﻭﺩﺧـﻞ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﺒﺼﺮﺓ ﻓﻨﻬﺒﻮﻫﺎ ﻭﺭﺣﻠﻮﺍ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

‫‪@ ïãbrÛa@‡Üa‬‬

‫ﻓﺘﺢ ﺩﻣﺸﻖ )ﺹ ‪(٤٩٥-٤٩٤‬‬

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‫ﻭﺍﻗﺘﺤﻤﻮﻫﺎ ﻋﻨـﻮﺓ ﻭﺫﻟـﻚ ﰲ ﺫﻱ ﺍﻟﻘﻌـﺪﺓ ﻭﳊﻘـﺖ ﻓﻮﺍﻗﻌـﺖ ﺍﻟـﺮﻭﻡ ﺑﺪﻣﺸـﻖ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﺎﻫﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻄﺎﺭﻗـﺔ ‪،‬ﻓﺤﺎﺻـﺮﻫﻢ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﺣـﱴ ﻓﺘﺤـﻮﺍ ﺩﻣﺸـﻖ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻇﻬﺮ ﺃﺑﻮ ﻋﺒﻴﺪﺓ ﺃﻣﺎﺭﺍﺗﻪ ﻭﻋﺰﻝ ﺧﺎﻟﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺳﺒﺒﻪ ﺇﻥ ﺃﺑﺎ ﺑﻜﺮ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﺴﺨﻂ ﺧﺎﻟﺪ‬
‫ﺑﻦ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻘﺒﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﻓﺮﺍﺭﳘﺎ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻣـﺮ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤـﺎ ﻭﱄ ﻋﻤـﺮ ﺭﺿـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺃﺑﺎﺡ ﳍﻤﺎ ﺩﺧﻮﻝ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ‪،‬ﰒ ﺑﻌﺜﻬﻤﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻡ ‪،‬ﻭﳌﺎ ﻓﺮﻍ ﺃﻣﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻟﲑﻣﻮﻙ ﻭﺳﺎﺭﻭﺍ ﺇﱃ ﻓِﺤﻞ )ﻓﺤﻞ ﻫﻲ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﰲ ﴰﺎﻝ ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ –ﻛﺎﺗـﺐ ﺍﳌﻘـﺎﻝ(‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﺑﻠﻎ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺧﱪ ﺍﻟﲑﻣﻮﻙ ﻓﻜﺘﺐ ﺑﻌﺰﻝ ﺧﺎﻟﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭﻋﻤﺮﻭﺍ ﺑﻦ ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﺹ ﺣـﱴ‬
‫ﻳﺼﲑ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﺇﱃ ﻓﻠﺴﻄﲔ ‪،‬ﻓﺘﻮﻻﻫﺎ ﻋﻤﺮ‪ .‬ﻭﺇﻥﹼ ﺧﺎﻟﺪﺍ ﻗﺪﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﻌـﺪ ﺍﻟﻌـﺰﻝ‬
‫ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻓـﺘﺢ ﺩﻣﺸـﻖ ‪،‬ﻭﺇﻧــّﻬﻢ ﺳـﺎﺭﻭﺍ ﺇﱃ ﻓﺤـﻞ ﻓﺎﻗﺘﺤﻤﻮﻫـﺎ ﰒ ﺳـﺎﺭﻭﺍ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺩﻣﺸﻖ ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻧِﺴﻄﺎﺱ ﺑﻦ ﻧﺴﻄﻮﺭﺱ ﻓﺤﺎﺻﺮﻭﻫﺎ ﺳﺒﻌﲔ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﻴﻞ ﺳـﺘﺔ‬
‫ﺃﺷﻬﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻷﺭﺑﻊ ؛ﺧﺎﻟﺪ ﻭﺃﺑﻮ ﻋﺒﻴﺪﺓ ﻭﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﻭﻋﻤﺮﻭ ﻛﻞ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺎﺣﻴـﺔ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺟﻌﻠﻮﺍ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﺑﲔ ﻫﺮﻗﻞ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﲪﺺ ‪،‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺩﻭ‪‬ﺎ ﺫﻭ ﺍﻟﻜـﻼﻉ ﰲ ﺟـﻴﺶ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﺑﻌﺚ ﻫﺮﻗﻞ ﺍﳌﺪﺩ ﺇﱃ ﺩﻣﺸﻖ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻓـﻴﻬﻢ ﺫﻭ ﺍﻟﻜـﻼﻉ ﻓﺴـﻘﻂ ﰲ ﺃﻳـﺪﻳﻬﻢ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺪﻣﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺩﺧﻮﻝ ﺩﻣﺸﻖ ‪،‬ﻭﻃﻤﻊ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﲔ ﻓـﻴﻬﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﺳـﺘﻐﻔﻠﻬﻢ ﺧﺎﻟـﺪ ﰲ‬
‫ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﺎﱄ ﻓﺘﺴﻮﺭ ﺳﻮﺭﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺘﻪ ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭﻓـﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺒـﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻗـﺘﺤﻢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪ ﻭﻛﺒ‪‬ﺮﻭﺍ ﻭﻛﺒ‪‬ﺮﻭﺍ ﻓﻘﺘﻠﻮﺍ ﲨﻴﻊ ﻣﻦ ﻟﻘﻮﻩ‪ .‬ﻭﻓـﺰﻉ ﺃﻫـﻞ ﺍﻟﻨـﻮﺍﺣﻲ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻷﻣـﺮﺍﺀ‬

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‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻠﻮ‪‬ﻢ ﻓﻨﺎﺩﻭﺍ ﳍﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﻠﺢ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺧﻮﻝ ‪،‬ﻓﺪﺧﻠﻮﺍ ﻣـﻦ ﻧـﻮﺍﺣﻴﻬﻢ ﺻـﻠﺤﺎ‬
‫ﻓﺄﺟﺮﻳﺖ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺢ ﻣﺜﻠﻬﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺳﻴﻒ ‪ :‬ﻭﺑﻌﺜﻮﺍ ﺇﱃ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﺘﺢ ‪،‬ﻓﻮﺻﻞ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻪ ﺑﺄﻥ ﻳﺼﺮﻑ ﺟﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻌـﺮﺍﻕ‬
‫ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻕ ﻓﺨﺮﺟﻮﺍ ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻫﺎﺷﻢ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺘﺒﺔ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻘﺪ‪‬ﻣﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﻌﻘـﺎﻉ ‪،‬ﻭﺧـﺮﺝ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮﺍﺀ ﺇﱃ ﻓِﺤﻞ ﻭﺃﻗﺎﻡ ﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺳﻔﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺪﻣﺸﻖ‪ .‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺢ ﰲ ﺭﺟﺐ ﺳﻨﺔ‬
‫ﺃﺭﺑﻊ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﺑﻌﺚ ﻳﺰﻳـﺪ ﺩِﺣﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻠـﱯ ﺇﱃ ﺗـﺪﻣﺮ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﺑـﺎ ﺍﻟﺰﻫـﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﺸـﲑﻱ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺣﻮﺭﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺜﻴﻨﺔ ﻓﺼﺎﳊﻮﳘﺎ ﻭﻭﱄ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻤﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻭﺻﻞ ﺍﻷﻣـﺮﺍﺀ ﺇﱃ ﻓِﺤـﻞ ﻓﺒﻴﺘـﻬﻢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ‪،‬ﻓﻈﻔﺮ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ‪‬ﻢ ﻭﻫﺰﻣﻮﻫﻢ ﻓﻘﺘﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﲦﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺃﻟﻔـﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻛـﺎﻥ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﰲ ﻭﻗﻌﺔ ﻓﺤﻞ ﺷﺮﺣﺒﻴﻞ ﺑﻦ ﺣﺴﻨﺔ ﻓﺴﺎﺭ ‪‬ـﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺑﻴﺴـﺎﻥ ﻭﺣﺎﺻـﺮﻫﺎ‬
‫ﻓﻘﺘﻞ ﻣﻘﺎﺗﻠﺘﻬﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﺻﺎﳊﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻗﻮﻥ ﻓﻘﺒﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺍﻷﻋﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻤﻲ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻃﱪﻳـﺔ ﳏﺎﺻـﺮﺍ ﳍـﺎ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤـﺎ ﺑﻠﻐﻬـﻢ ﺷـﺄﻥ‬
‫ﺑﻴﺴﺎﻥ ﺻﺎﳊﻮﻩ ﻓﻜﻤﻞ ﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ ﺻﻠﺤﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﺃﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺳﻴﺔ )ﺹ ‪(٥٠٤‬‬
‫ﰒ ﺃﻏﺎﺭ ﺳﻮﺍﺩ ﺑﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻴﻤﻲ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻮﻓﺪ ﺇﱃ ﻳﺰﺩﺟﺮﺩ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﻔِـﺮﺍﺽ‬
‫‪،‬ﻓﺎﺳﺘﺎﻕ ﺛﻼﲦﺎﺋﺔ ﺩﺍﺑـﺔ ﺑـﲔ ﺑﻐـﻞ ﻭﲪـﺎﺭ ﻭﺛـﻮﺭ ﻭﺁﺧﺮﻫـﺎ ﲰﻜـﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺻـﺒﺢ ‪‬ـﺎ‬

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‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮ ﻓﻘﺴﻤﻪ ﺳﻌﺪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻭﻭﺍﺻﻠﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﺍﻳﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻌـﻮﺙ ﻟﻄﻠـﺐ ﺍﻟﻠﺤـﻢ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ ﻓﻜﺎﻥ ﻋﻨﺪﻫﻢ ﻛـﺜﲑﺍ‪ .‬ﻭﺳـﺎﺭ ﺭﺳـﺘﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺳـﺎﺑﺎﻁ ﰲ ﺳـﺘﲔ ﺃﻟﻔـﺎ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺘﻪ ﺍﳉﺎﻟﻴﻨﻮﺱ ﰲ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﲔ ﺃﻟﻔﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﺳﺎﻗ َـﺘ‪‬ﻪ ﻋﺸﺮﻭﻥ ﺃﻟﻔـﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﰲ ﺍﳌﻴﻤﻨـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﳍﺮﻣﺰﺍﻥ ‪،‬ﻭﰲ ﺍﳌﺴﲑﺓ ﻣﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻦ ‪‬ﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺯﻱ‪ .‬ﻭﲪﻞ ﻣﻌﻪ ﺛﻼﺛـﺔ ﻭﺛﻼﺛـﲔ ﻓـﻴﻼ‬
‫‪،‬ﲦﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻋﺸﺮ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﻭﲬﺲ ﻋﺸﺮ ﰲ ﺍﳉﻨﺒﲔ‪ .‬ﰒ ﺳﺎﺭ ﺣﱴ ﻧﺰﻝ ﻛـﻮﺛﻰ ﻓـﺄﺗﻰ‬
‫ﺑﺮﺟﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻟﻪ ﺭﺳﺘﻢ ‪ :‬ﻣﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ ﺑﻜـﻢ ﻭﻣـﺎ ﺗﻄﻠﺒـﻮﻥ ؟ ﻓﻘـﺎﻝ ﻧﻄﻠـﺐ‬
‫ﻭﻋﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﺄﺭﺿﻜﻢ ﻭﺑﻼﺩﻛﻢ ﻭﺃﺑﻨﺎﺋﻜﻢ ﺇﻥ ﱂ ﺗﺴﻠﻤﻮﺍ‪ .‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﺘﻢ ‪ :‬ﻓـﺈﻥ ﻗﺘﻠـﺘﻢ‬
‫ﺩﻭﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ ‪ :‬ﻣﻦ ﻗﺘﻞ ﺩﺧﻞ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺑﻘﻲ ﺃﳒﺰﻩ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻋﺪﻩ‪.‬‬

‫ﻧﻘﺾ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻹﺳﻜﻨﺪﺭﻳﺔ ﻭﻓﺘﺤﻬﺎ )ﺹ ‪(٥٤٦‬‬
‫ﳌﺎ ﺳﺎﺭ ﻫِﺮﻗﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻄﻨﻄﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﻓﺎﺭﻕ ﺍﻟﺸـﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﺳـﺘﻮﱃ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺳﻜﻨﺪﺭﻳﺔ ﻭﺑﻘﻲ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ‪‬ﺎ ﲢﺖ ﺃﻳﺪﻳﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻓﺄﺗﺒﻌﻮﺍ ﻫﺮﻗﻞ ﻓﺎﺳـﺘﻨﺠﺪﻭﻩ ﻓﺒﻌـﺚ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﻋﺴـﻜﺮﺍ ﻣـﻊ ﻣﻨﻮﻳـﻞ ﺍﳋﺼِـﻲ ‪،‬ﻭﻧﺰﻟـﻮﺍ ﺑﺴـﺎﺣﻞ ﺍﻹﺳـﻜﻨﺪﺭﻳﺔ ﳌـﻨﻌﻬﻢ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻘﻮﻗﺲ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻟـﺪﺧﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ ﻓﺴـﺎﺭﻭﺍ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺼـﺮ ﻭﻟﻘـﻴﻬﻢ ﻋﻤـﺮﻭ ﺑـﻦ ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﺹ‬
‫ﻭﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻓﻬﺰﻣـﻮﻫﻢ ﻭﺃﺗﺒﻌـﻮﻫﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻹﺳـﻜﻨﺪﺭﻳﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﺛﺨﻨـﻮﺍ ﻓـﻴﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺘـﻞ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﻗﺎﺋﺪﻫﻢ ﻣﻨﻮﻳﻞ ﺍﳋﺼِﻲ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻗﺪ ﺃﺧﺬﻭﺍ ﰲ ﻣﺴـﲑﻫﻢ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺼـﺮ ﺃﻣـﻮﺍﻝ‬
‫ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻯ ﻓﺮﺩﻫﺎ ﻋﻤﺮﻭ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﻴﻨﺔ ‪،‬ﰒ ﻫـﺪﻡ ﺳـﻮﺭ ﺍﻹﺳـﻜﻨﺪﺭﻳﺔ ﻭﺭﺟـﻊ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﻣﺼﺮ‪.‬‬

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‫‪@ l‹Ì¾aë@÷Û‡ãþa@Šbj‚c@À@l‹Ì¾a@æbîjÛa@Z@bÈiaŠ‬‬

‫ﺍﺧﺘﺼــﺎﺭ ﺍﳋــﱪ ﻋــﻦ ﻓــﺘﺢ ﻭﻫــﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﻣــﺎ ﻓــﺘﺢ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺣﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻗﺘﻞ ﺗﺎﺷﻔﲔ )ﺹ ‪(٢٣-٢٢‬‬
‫ﺳﻠِﻢ )ﺑﻔﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺴﲔ ﻭﻛﺴـﺮ ﺍﻟـﻼﻡ –‬
‫ﻭﳌﺎ ﻗﺘﻞ ﺗﺎﺷﻔﲔ ﳉﺄ ﰲ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ‪‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﺗﺐ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﻝ( ﻣﻦ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﻌﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺣﺼﻦ ﻭﻫﺮﺍﻥ ﻓﺎﳓﺼﺮﻭﺍ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻭﻗﺪ ﻛـﺎﻥ ﺃﻫﻠـﻪ‬
‫ﰲ ﺍﳓﺼﺎﺭ ﳓﻮ ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻦ ﻓﻘﻄﻊ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﺍﳌـﺎﺀ ﻓﻠﻤـﺎ ﺭﺃﻭﺍ ﺃﻧــّﻬﻢ ﻋﻄﺸـﻮﺍ ﻃﻠﺒـﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻣﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻮﺣﺪﻳﻦ ﻓﻠﻢ ﳚﻴﺒﻮﻫﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺇﻻ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﻜﻢ ﺍﻷﻣﲑ ﻓﺎﻣﺘﻨﻌﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻚ ﺣﱴ ﺃﺟﻬﺪﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﻄﺶ ﻓﱰﻟﻮﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻗﺘﻞ ﺗﺎﺷﻔﲔ ﺑﺜﻼﺙ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ‪.‬‬

‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ ﺍﻷﺷﲑﻱ ‪ :‬ﺃﺧﱪﱐ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺍﳊﺴﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﺍﺯ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﳑﻦ ﺣﺼـﺮ ﺑـﻮﻫﺮﺍﻥ ﺃﻥﹼ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻄﺶ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﻰ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ ﻣـﺎﺕ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻴـﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣـﺪ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛـﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﻷﺭﺑﻌـﻮﻥ ﺑـﲔ‬
‫ﻧﺴﺎﺀ ﻭﺭﺟﺎﻝ ﻭﳌﺎ ﺧﺮﺟﻮﺍ ﺍﻧﻄﺮﺣﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺎﺀ ﺣﱴ ﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﻌﻀـﻬﻢ ﳌـﺎ ﺭﻭﻱ ﻭﺑﻌـﺪ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻚ ﺣﻜﻢ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﺤﻪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻘﺘﻠﻬﻢ ﻓﺎﺳﺘﺆﺻﻠﻮﺍ ﻋﻦ ﺁﺧﺮﻫﻢ‪.‬‬

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‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﺑﻦ ﲜﲑ ‪ :‬ﳌﺎ ﺍﺷﺘﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﺎﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻫﻞ ﻭﻫﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺜﺮﻫﻢ ﺑـﺎﻟﻌﻄﺶ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺧﺮﺟﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﱪﺍﺑﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﺴﻤﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﳌﻮﺣﺪﻳﻦ ﻓﻘﺘﻠﻮﻫﻢ ﺃﲨﻌﲔ ﻛﺒﺎﺭﺍ‬
‫ﻭﺻﻐﺎﺭﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺘﻞ ﺗﺎﺷﻔﲔ ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻳﻮﻡ ﻋﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﻔﻄﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺗﺴـﻊ‬
‫ﻭﺛﻼﺛﲔ ﻭﲬﺴﻤﺎﺋﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﺑﻦ ﲜﲑ ‪ :‬ﳌﺎ ﻭﺻﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺗﻠﻤﺴﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺟﺮﻯ ﻷﻫﻞ ﻭﻫﺮﺍﻥ ﺧـﺎﻓﻮﺍ ﺧﻮﻓـﺎ‬
‫ﺷﺪﻳﺪﺍ ﻭﻓﺮ ﲨﻴﻊ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﳌﺘﻮﻧﺔ ﻭﺧﺪﺍﻣﻬﻢ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺮﺍﻭﻱ ﺇﱃ ﻓﺎﺱ‬
‫ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻭﺻﻮﻝ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻦ ﺇﱃ ﺗﻠﺴﻤﺎﻥ ﻷﻥﹼ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺮﺍﻭﻱ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻗﺪ ﻧﺰﻝ ﲞﺎﺭﺟﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻋﺎﺯﻣﺎ ﺃﻥ ﳛﻠﻖ ﺗﺎﺷﻔﲔ ﻓﺒﻠﻐﻪ ﺧﱪﻩ ﻓﺘﻮﺟـﻪ ﺇﱃ ﻓـﺎﺱ ﻓﻮﻗﻌـﺖ ﰲ ﺃﻫـﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻠـﺪ‬
‫ﺿﺠﺔ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﺔ ﻭﺿﺠﻮﺍ ﺧﺎﺋﻔﲔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻧﻔﺴـﻬﻢ ﻓﻠﻤـﺎ ﲰﻌـﻮﺍ ﺑﺈﻗﺒـﺎﻝ ﻋﺒـﺪ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻦ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﲣﲑﻭﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻋﻴﺎ‪‬ﻢ ﺳﺘﲔ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻛﻤـﺎ ﺗﻘـﺪﻡ ﺫﻛـﺮﻩ ﻭﺑﻌﺜـﻮﺍ ‪‬ـﻢ‬
‫ﻳﻄﻠﺒﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻔﻮ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻓﻮﻗﻌـﻮﺍ ﰲ ﲨـﻊ ﻛـﺒﲑ ﻓﻘﺘﻠـﻮﻫﻢ ﺃﲨﻌـﲔ ﻭﱂ ﻳـﻨﺞ‬
‫ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺇﻻ ﺇﺛﻨﺎﻥ ﻓﺰﺍﺩ ﺧﻮﻓﻬﻢ ﻭﻋﻈﻢ ﺃﻣﺮﻫﻢ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻗﺮﺏ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻠﺴﻤﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺧﺮﺝ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒـﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﻋﻴـﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺼـﺒﻴﺎﻥ ﻳﺮﻏﺒـﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﻔـﻮ ﻋﻨـﻬﻢ ﻓﺠـﺮﺩﻫﻢ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻮﺣﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺛﻮﺍ‪‬ﻢ ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﻳﺼﻼﺗﻦ ﲨﺎﻋﺔ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻳﻮﻣﺌﺬ ﻭﺍﻷﻣﲑ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﳌـﺆﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻗﻒ ﻭﻣﻌﻪ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺇﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﻣﻬﺪﻳﻬﻢ ﻭﺩﺧـﻞ ﻋﺒـﺪ ﺍﳌـﺆﻣﻦ ﺗﻠﺴـﻤﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺧﻠﻘﺎ ﰲ ﻓﻨﺪﻕ ﻛﻠﻴﻼ ﻭﺃﻗﺎﻡ ﺳﺒﻌﺔ ﺃﺷﻬﺮ ﰒ ﻭﱃ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺑـﻦ‬

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‫ﳏﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻭﺍﻧﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﳍﻨﺘـﺎﰐ ﻭﺭﺣـﻞ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻨﺎﺯﻟـﺔ ﻓـﺎﺱ ﰲ ﺭﺑﻴـﻊ ﺍﻷﺧـﲑ ﻣـﻦ ﻋـﺎﻡ‬
‫ﺃﺭﺑﻌﲔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﺘﺢ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺶ )ﺹ ‪(٢٧‬‬
‫ﻭﰲ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺇﺣﺪﻱ ﻭﺃﺭﺑﻌﲔ ﻭﲬﺴﻤﺎﺋﺔ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻧﺰﻭﻝ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻦ ﲜﺒﻞ ﺇﺟﻠﻴﺰ ﻭﻻﺯﻡ‬
‫ﺣﺼﺎﺭ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺶ ﰲ ﺃﻭﻝ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﶈﺮﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺇﺣـﺪﻯ ﻭﺃﺭﺑﻌـﲔ ﻭﲬﺴـﻤﺎﺋﺔ ﻓﺄﻗـﺎﻡ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺗﺴﻌﺔ ﺃﺷﻬﺮ ﻭﲦﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻋﺸﺮ ﻳﻮﻣـﺎ ﻭﻛﺜـﺮﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺴـﺎﻛﺮ ﻟﺪﻳـﻪ ﻭﻭﻓـﺪ ﻛﺒـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺩ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺃﰊ ﺍﻟﻐﻤﺮ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺰﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﺋﺮ ﺑﺸـﺮﻳﺶ ﻭﺍﺑـﻦ ﲪـﺪﻳﻦ‬
‫ﻭﻏﲑﳘﺎ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻤﺘﻮﻧﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﺪﺍﺧﻞ ﻣـﺮﺍﻛﺶ ﰲ ﻋـﺪﺓ ﻣـﻦ ﻛﺒـﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﻭﺑﻘﻴـﺔ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺃﺣﺸﺎﺩﻫﻢ ﻭﺃﻣﲑﻫﻢ ﺇﺳﺤﺎﻕ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﻦ ﻳﻮﺳﻒ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺻﺒﻴﺎ ﺻـﻐﲑﺍ ﻓـﺄﻣﺮﻫﻢ‬
‫ﺑﺎﳋﺮﻭﺝ ﺇﱃ ﺣﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺯﻟﲔ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻓﻌﺰﻣﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﺘﺎﳍﻢ ﻭﺧﺮﺟﻮﺍ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﲞﻴﻠﻬﻢ‬
‫ﻭﺭﺟﻠﻬﻢ ﰲ ﳓﻮ ﲬﺴﺔ ﺁﻻﻑ ﻭﲬﺴـﻤﺎﺋﺔ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺳـﺎﻥ ﻭﻣـﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺟـﺎﻝ ﻣـﺎ ﻻ‬
‫ﳛﺼﻰ ﻋﺪﺩﻫﻢ ﻛﺜﺮﺓ ﻭﻭﺻﻠﻮﺍ ﲜﻤﻌﻬﻢ ﺇﱃ ﳏﻠﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﺣﺪﻳﻦ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﺒـﺪ ﺍﳌـﺆﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺃﻣﺮ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻤﻨﻮﺍ ﳍﻢ ﻭﻻ ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﺤﺮ ﺍﻟﻨـﻬﺎﺭ ﻭﻋـﻢ‬
‫ﻋﺴﻜﺮ ﺍﻟﻠﻤﺘﻮﻧﻴﲔ ﺍﻻﻏﺘﺮﺍﺭ ﺧﺮﺟﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺎﺋﻦ ﻓـﺎ‪‬ﺰﻣﻮﺍ ﰲ ﺍﳊـﲔ ﻭﻭﻟـﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺃﺩﺑﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﻒ ﻳﺼﻔﺢ ﺭﻗﺎ‪‬ﻢ ﻭﳝﺤﻮﺍ ﺁﺛﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﻭﺍﺗـﺒﻌﻬﻢ ﻋﺴـﻜﺮ ﺍﳌﻮﺣـﺪﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺇﱃ ﺑﺎﺏ ﺩﻛﺎﻟـﺔ ﻭﺃﺧـﺬﻭﺍ ﻣـﻦ ﺧﻴﻠـﻬﻢ ﳓـﻮﺍ ﺛﻼﺛـﺔ ﺁﻻﻑ ﻭﻗﺘﻠـﻮﺍ ﻣـﻦ ﻓﺮﺳـﺎ‪‬ﻢ‬
‫ﻭﺭﺟﺎﳍﻢ ﻣﺎ ﻻ ﳛﺼﻰ ﻛﺜﺮﺓ ‪،‬ﻫﻜﺬﺍ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‪.‬‬

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‫ﻗﺎﻝ ‪ :‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻃﺎﻝ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﳊﺼﺎﺭ ﺗﺴﻌﺔ ﺃﺷـﻬﺮ ﻭﲦﺎﻧﻴـﺔ ﻋﺸـﺮ ﻳﻮﻣـﺎ ﻫﻠﻜـﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺟﻮﻋﺎ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺪﺓ ﻭﺿﺎﻗﻮﺍ ﺣﱴ ﺃﻛﻠﻮﺍ ﺍﳉﻴﻒ ﻭﺃﻛﻞ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻦ ﺑﻌﻀـﻬﻢ‬
‫ﺑﻌﻀﺎ ﻭﻋﺪﻣﺖ ﺍﳊﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﻛﻠﻬﺎ ﻭﻋﺪﻣﺖ ﺍﳊﻨﻄﺔ ﺑﺄﺳﻬﺮﺍ ﻭﻃﻠﺐ ﺇﺳﺤﺎﻕ ﳐﺎﺯﻥ‬
‫ﺃﺑﻴﻪ ﻓﻠﻢ ﳚﺪ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ‪،‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﺑﻮ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﻴﺪﺓ ﻛﺎﺗﺐ ﺇﺳـﺤﺎﻕ ﺍﳌـﺬﻛﻮﺭ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻓﻌﺠﺰﺕ ﻋﺴﺎﻛﺮ ﺍﻟﻠﻤﺘـﻮﻧﻴﲔ ﻋـﻦ ﺍﻟـﺪﻓﺎﻉ ﻭﺍﻻﻣﺘﻨـﺎﻉ ﺑﻀـﻌﻒ ﺍﻟﻌـﺪﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﻌـﺪﺓ‬
‫ﻭﻛﺜﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻀﻴﻖ ‪،‬ﻭﻓﺘﺤﺖ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺶ ﺣﻴﻨﺌﺬ‪.‬‬

‫ﻗﺘﻞ ﺍﳊﻀﺮ )ﺍﳌـﺪﻧﻴﲔ( ﺍﻟﻜﺒـﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺼـﻐﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻷﻃﻔـﺎﻝ‬
‫)ﺹ ‪(٤٠٣-٤٠٢‬‬
‫ﻭﰲ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺇﺣﺪﻯ ﻭﲬﺴﲔ ﻭﺳﺘﻤﺎﺋﺔ ﺟﺎﻫﺮ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﻦ ﻳﺪﺭ ﺑﻌﻨـﺎﺩﻩ ﻓﺒﻌـﺚ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺮﺗﻀﻰ ﻋﺴﻜﺮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻮﺣـﺪﻳﻦ ﺃﺟﻨـﺎﺩﻩ ﻓﺤـﺎﺭﺑﻮﻩ ﻓﻠـﻢ ﻳﻘـﺪﺭﻭﺍ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ﺑﺸـﻲﺀ‬
‫ﻓﻘﻔﻠﻮﺍ ﺭﺣﻠﲔ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺶ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺑﺘﺎﺭﻭﺩﺍﻧﺖ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺃﺷﻴﺎﺥ ﺍﳌﻮﺣـﺪﻳﻦ ﻣـﻊ ﲨﺎﻋـﺔ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻨﺎﺩ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﺳﺎﻛﻨﲔ ﻫﻨﺎﻟﻚ ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﺔ ﻋﻈﻴﻤـﺔ ﰲ‬
‫ﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺏ ﺍﻫﺘـﺰﺕ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﲟـﻦ ﻋﻠﻴﻬـﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﰲ ﻫـﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴـﻨﺔ ﻛﺎﻧـﺖ ﻛﺎﺋﻨـﺔ ﺃﺟﻨـﺎﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺃﺭﺍﺩﻭﺍ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﻣﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﻣﲑ ﺃﰊ ﳛﲕ ﻳﻐﻤﺮﺍﺳﺎﻥ ﺑﺒﻠﺪ ﺗﻠﻤﺴـﺎﻥ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻧـّﻪ ﳌﺎ ﺃﺭﺍﺩ ﺃﺑـﻮ ﳛـﲕ ﻳﻐﻤﺮﺍﺳـﺎﻥ ﺑـﻦ ﺯﻳـﺎﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻈﻬـﺮ ‪‬ﻤـﺎ ﻋﻨـﺪﻩ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴــﺎﻛﺮ ﻭﺍﻷﺟﻨــﺎﺩ ﻋﻠــﻰ ﲡــﲔ ﻣﻐــﺮﺍﻭﺓ ﻭﺑــﲏ ﻋﺒــﺪ ﺍﻟــﻮﺩ ﻓــﺄﻣﺮ ﲞــﺮﻭﺝ ﺃﺟﻨــﺎﺩ‬

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‫ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺪﺭﻋﲔ ﻓﺨﺮﺟﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺮﻣﺎﺩﻳﻦ ﻛﻠﻬﻢ ﺃﲨﻌﲔ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻗﺪ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﻊ ﻋﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺘﻠﻤﺴﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﺫﻛـﺮﻩ ﺍﻟﺜﻘـﺎﺕ ﻣـﻦ ﺃﻫﻠـﻬﺎ ﳓـﻮ ﺃﻟﻔـﲔ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺮﺳﺎﻥ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺁﻻﻑ ﻭﻭﻗﻊ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﳋﻼﻑ‪ .‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺧﺮﺝ ﻳﻐﻤﺮﺳﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﳌﻴﺰ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻠﺴﻤﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﺟﺘﻤﻊ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ﺍﻷﳒـﺎﺩ ﻣـﻦ ﺑـﲏ ﻋﺒـﺪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺩ ﻭﺍﻷﺟﻨﺎﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﺩ ﻓﻮﻗـﻒ ﻫﻨـﺎﻙ ﲟﻘﺮﺑـﺔ ﻣـﻦ ﻣﻮﺿـﻊ ﻛـﺎﻥ ﻳﻌـﺮﻑ ﺑﻘﺼـﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺮﺍﺀ ﻭﻭﻗﻒ ﲡﲔ ﻭﻣﻐﺮﺍﻭﺓ ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺎ ﻣﻨﻪ ﲝﻮﻣﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻭﻭﻗـﻒ ﺃﺟﻨـﺎﺩ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﲔ‬
‫ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﻭﺃﺟﻨﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻭﺍ ﻭﻗﻮﻓﺎ ﻗﺪ ﻋﻤﻠﻮﺍ ﺻﻔﻮﻓﺎ ﺻـﻔﻮﻓﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ ﻛـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺁﺧــﺮ ﻭﻗــﻮﻓﻬﻢ ﻭﺻــﻔﻮﻓﻬﻢ ﻓــﺄﺭﺍﺩﻭﺍ ﻏــﺪﺭ ﺍﳌﺴــﻠﻤﲔ ﻓﻌﺠــﻞ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻨــﻮ‪‬ﻢ‬
‫ﻭﺣﺘﻮﻓﻬﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻧـّﻪ ﳌﺎ ﻭﻗﻒ ﺃﺑﻮ ﳛﲕ ﻟﻠﻤﻴﺰ ﻗﺪﻡ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﻣﻴﺰﻫﻢ ﻭﺇﱃ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪ ﺍﻷﳝـﻦ‬
‫ﺟﻮﺯﻫﻢ ﻭﺃﻣﲑ ﲟﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﻭﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻣﺪﺭﻋﲔ ﳎﺘﻤﻌﲔ ‪،‬ﻭﻛـﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻣﺘﻔـﺮﻗﲔ‬
‫ﻏﲑ ﳎﺘﻤﻌﲔ ﻭﻻ ﻣﺪﺭﻋﲔ ‪،‬ﻭﱂ ﻳﺘﺄﻫﺒﻮﺍ ﻟﻘﺘﺎﻝ ﻭﻻ ﺧﻄﺮ ﳍﻢ ﺫﻟـﻚ ﺑﺒـﺎﻝ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺷﺮﻉ ﰲ ﲤﻴﻴﺰﻫﻢ ﻭﻗﻒ ﻗﻮﺍﺩﻫﻢ ﺃﻣﺎﻣﻪ ﻭﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻋﺸـﺮﺓ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ ﻣﻴـﺰ ﺃﻛﺜـﺮ ﻓﺎﺭﺳـﺎ‬
‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﻭﻗﺎﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﲑ ﺍﳌﺴﻤﻰ ﺑﺪﳒﻴﻞ ﳚﺘﻬﺪ ﰲ ﲤﻴﻴﺰﻫﻢ ﻭﲡﻮﻳﺰﻫﻢ ﻭﺍﻗـﻒ‬
‫ﺑﻌﻼﻣﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻻﻣﲑ ﻳﻐﻤﺮﺳـﺎﻥ ﻭﻫـﻮ ﻣـﺪﺭﻉ ﺑﺪﺭﻋـﻪ ﻣـﻊ ﲨﺎﻋـﺔ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﲨﻌﻪ ﺑﺮﺳﻢ ﻟﻘﺎﺋﻪ ﻟﻪ ﻭﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻪ ﻓﺠﺎﺀ ﻳﻌﺎﻧﻘﻪ ﺑﺬﺭﺍﻋـﻪ ﻓﺄﺩﺧـﻞ ﺭﺃﺳـﻪ ﲢـﺖ‬
‫ﺫﺭﺍﻋﻪ ‪،‬ﻓﻬﻤﺰ ﺃﺑﻮ ﳛﲕ ﻓﺮﺳـﻪ ﻭﺃﺧـﺮﺝ ﻣـﻦ ﲢـﺖ ﺫﺭﺍﻋـﻪ ﺭﺃﺳـﻪ ﺑﻌـﺪ ﺗـﺮﻙ ﺑﻴـﺪ‬
‫ﻋﻤﺎﻣﺘﻪ ﻭﺟﺪ ﰲ ﺃﺗﺒﺎﻋﻪ ﺣﲔ ﺍﻓﺘﺮﺍﻗﻪ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻭﺍﻧﺘﺰﺍﻋﻪ ﻓﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﳌﺨﺰﻱ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻓﺮ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺩﺭ‬

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‫ﺍﳌﺎﻛﺮ ﰲ ﲨﻠﺔ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ‪،‬ﻭﺣﺮﻣﻪ ﺍﷲ ﻣﺎ ﻛـﺎﻥ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻟﻐـﺪﺭ ﻳـﺮﻭﻡ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺎﻣـﺖ‬
‫ﻫﻮﺷﺔ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﺔ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻡ ‪،‬ﻭﻋﻤﻞ ﺃﺑﻮ ﳛـﲕ ﺍﳌـﺬﻛﻮﺭ ﺇﺣﺮﺍﻣـﻪ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻋﺼﺎﻩ ﻭﺻﺎﺡ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻳﺎ ﺁﻝ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺩﻱ ﻏـﺪﺭﰎ ﻳـﺎ ﺯﻧﺎﺗـﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ ﻣﻴـﺰﻭﺍ ﻛﻼﻣـﻪ‬
‫ﻓﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﺷﺎﻋﻮﺍ ﺃﻧـّﻪ ﻗﺘﻞ ﻭﺫﺍﻕ ﲪﺎﻣﻪ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻴـﻮﻡ ﻫـﻮﻝ ﻳـﻮﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ ﻭﻓﺮ ﲡﲔ ﻭﻣﻐﺮﺍﻭﺓ ﺣﲔ ﺭﺃﻭﺍ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ ﻭﺻﻠﻬﻢ ﺍﳋﱪ ﺑﻜﻼﻣـﻪ ﻭﺣﻴﺎﺗـﻪ‬
‫ﻓﻜـﺮ‪‬ﻭﺍ )ﺑﻔـﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﻜـﺎﻑ ﻭﺗﺸـﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟـﺮﺍﺀ ﺑﻔـﺘﺢ ﺃﻳﻀـﺎ –ﻛﺎﺗـﺐ ﺍﳌﻘـﺎﻝ( ﺭﺍﺟﻌـﲔ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﺗﺮﺍﺟﻌﺖ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻛـﻞ ﻣﻜـﺎﻥ ﻓﺤﻔـﻮﺍ ﺑـﻪ ﺧﻠﻔـﻪ ﻭﺃﻣﺎﻣـﻪ ‪،‬ﻭﺍﻧﻌﻘـﺪﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻗﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺣﻴﻨﺌﺬ ﺑﻌﺴﺎﻛﺮﻩ ﻭﻃﺒﻮﻟﻪ ﻭﺃﻋﻼﻣﻪ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﲡﲔ ﻭﻣﻐﺮﺍﻭﺓ ﻗﺪ ﻗﺪﺭﻭﺍ‬
‫ﺣﲔ ﻗﺎﻣﺖ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻷﻫﻮﺍﻝ ﻭﺍﻟـﺘﺤﻢ ﺑـﲔ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﺍﻟـﺮﻭﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﺘـﺎﻝ ‪،‬ﺃﻧــّﻬﺎ ﺣﻴﻠـﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺣﱴ ﺑﻌﺚ ﺃﺑﻮ ﳛﲕ ﻳﻐﻤﺮﺳﺎﻥ ﻣـﻦ ﺃﻋﻠﻤـﻪ ﺑـﺎﳋﱪ ﺇﻟـﻴﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﻛـﺎﻥ ﻇـﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﻣﺮﻫﻢ ﺍﷲ ﺃﻥﹼ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻨﺔ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻓﺪﺑﺮﻭﺍ ﻏﺪﺭﻫﻢ ﻭﻣﻜـﺮﻫﻢ ﺳـﺒﺒﺎ‬
‫ﳊﻴﻨﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﻌﺖ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺳﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﰊ ﳛﲕ ﻳﻐﻤﺮﺳﺎﻥ ﺑﻦ ﺯﻳـﺎﻥ ﺃﻣـﺮ ﺑﻐﻠـﻖ‬
‫ﺑﺎﺏ ﺗﻠﺴﻤﺎﻥ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﻃﻠﻖ ﺃﻳﺪﻱ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺳﺎﻥ ﺍﻷﺣﺮﺍﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﺘﻞ ﺍﻷﻋﺪﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺎﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﻯ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺩﻣﺎﺋﻬﻢ ﻏﻠﻞ ﺍﻻﺳﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻔﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺄﺻﻠﻮﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺘـﻞ ﻃـﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻨـﻬﺎﺭ ﻭﱂ ﻳـﺄﰐ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻔﻜﺮﺓ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﻞ ﺣﺼﺮﻭﻫﻢ ﰲ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﻭﺩﺍﺭﻭﺍ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺍﺭ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﻗﺘــﻞ ﺍﳊﻀــﺮ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﻠــﺪ ﻋﻴــﺎﳍﻢ ﻭﺃﻃﻔــﺎﳍﻢ ﺍﻟﻜﺒــﺎﺭ ﻣﻨــﻬﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺼــﻐﺎﺭ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺄﺻﻠﻮﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺘﻞ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻬﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻠﺐ ﰲ ﺩﻭﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻟـﺪﻳﺎﺭ ‪،‬ﻭﺍﺳـﺘﻐﲎ ﰲ ﺫﻟـﻚ‬
‫ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ ﻭﱂ ﻳﺒﻖ‪ ‬ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﻔـﺮﺓ ﰲ ﺫﻟـﻚ ﺍﻟﻴـﻮﻡ ﰲ ﺩﺍﺧـﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻠـﺪ ﻭﺧﺎﺭﺟـﻪ ﺩﻳـﺎﺭ‬

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‫‪،‬ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺸﻬﺪ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﲨﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺳﺎﻥ ﺃﻭﳍﻢ ﺃﺧﻮ ﻳﻐﻤﺮﺳﺎﻥ‬
‫ﳏﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺯﻳﺎﻥ‪.‬‬

‫‚‪@ „íŠbnÛa@À@ÝßbØÛa@Z@bßb‬‬

‫‪@ lbnØÛa@åß@ïãbrÛa@‡Üa‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﻭﻗﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﲏ )ﺹ ‪(٢٤٠‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺍﺛﻨﱵ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ‬

‫ﳌﺎ ﻭﺻﻞ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻫﺮﻣﺰ ﺇﱃ ﺃﺭﺩﺷﲑ ﲞﱪ ﺧﺎﻟـﺪ ﺃﻣـﺪﻩ ﺑﻘـﺎﺭﻥ ﺑـﻦ ﻗﺮﻳـﺎﻧﺲ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻧﺘﻬﻰ ﺇﱃ ﺍﱂ‪١‬ﺍﺭ ﻟﻘﻴﺘﻪ ﺍﳌﻨﻬﺰﻣﻮﻥ ﻓﺎﺟﺘﻤﻌﻮﺍ ﻭﺭﺟﻌﻮﺍ ﻭﻣﻌﻬﻢ ﻗﺒﺎﺫ ﻭﺍﻧﻮﺷﺠﺎﻥ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﻧﺰﻟﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺜﲏ –ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺮ‪ -‬ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﺇﻟـﻴﻬﻢ ﺧﺎﻟـﺪ ﻓﻠﻘـﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﺍﻗﺘﺘﻠـﻮﺍ ﻓـﱪﺯ ﻗـﺎﺭﻥ‬
‫ﻓﻘﺘﻠﻪ ﻣﻌﻘﻞ ﺑﻦ ﺍﻷﻋﺸﻰ ﺑﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﺎﺵ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﻋﺎﺻﻢ ﺃﻧﻮ ﺷﺠﺎﻥ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﻋﺪﻱ ﺑـﻦ‬
‫ﺣﺎﰎ ﻗﺒﺎﺫ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺷﺮﻑ ﻗﺎﺭﻥ ﻗﺪ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﻰ ﻭﱂ ﻳﻘﺎﺗﻞ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ ﺃﺣـﺪﺍ ﺍﻧﺘـﻬﻰ‬

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‫ﺷﺮﻓﻪ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺱ ﻣﻘﺘﻠﺔ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﺔ ﻳﺒﻠﻐﻮﻥ ﺛﻼﺛﲔ ﺃﻟﻔـﺎ ﺳـﻮﻯ ﻣـﻦ ﻏـﺮﻕ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﻣﻨﻌﺖ‪ ‬ﺍﳌﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻣﻦ ﻃﻠﺒﻬﻢ ﻭﻗﺴﻢ ﺍﻟﻔﻲﺀ ﻭﺃﻧﻔﺬ ﺍﻷﲬﺎﺱ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻋﻄﻰ ﺍﻷﺳﻼﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻠﺒﻬﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻐﻨﻴﻤﺔ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﻰ ﻭﺳﱮ ﻋﻴﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﺗﻠﺔ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﺃﺧﺬ ﺍﳉﺰﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﻼﺣﲔ ﻭﺻﺎﺭﻭﺍ ﺫﻣﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﱯ ﺃﺑـﻮ ﺍﳊﺴـﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺼـﺮﻱ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻧﺼﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﻣ‪‬ﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳉﻨﺪ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻌﻤﺎﻥ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳊﺮﺯ ﺳﻮﻳﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻣﻘﺮ‪‬ﻥ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺰﱐ ﻭﺃﻣﺮﻩ ﺑﱰﻭﻝ ﺍﳊﻔﲑ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﻗﺎﻡ ﻳﺘﺠﺴﺲ ﺍﻷﺧﺒﺎﺭ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﻭﻗﻌﺔ ﺃﻟﻴﺲ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺍﺕ )ﺹ ‪(٢٤٢-٢٤١‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺍﺛﻨﱵ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ‬

‫ﳌﺎ ﺃﺻﺎﺏ ﺧﺎﻟﺪ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻮﳉﺔ ﻣﺎ ﺃﺻﺎﺏ ﻣﻦ ﻧﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻜﺮ ﺑﻦ ﻭﺍﺋـﻞ ﺍﻟـﺬﻳﻦ ﺃﻋـﺎﻧﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺱ ﻏﻀﺐ ﳍﻢ ﻧﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﻗﻮﻣﻬﻢ ﻓﻜﺎﺗﺒﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻔـﺮﺱ ﻭﺍﺟﺘﻤﻌـﻮﺍ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺃﻟـﻴﺲ‬
‫ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻷﺳﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﺠﻠﻲ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﺴـﻠﻤﻮ ﺑـﲏ ﻋﺠـﻞ ﻣﻨـﻬﻢ‪ :‬ﻋﺘﻴﺒـﺔ ﺑـﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺱ ﻭﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻣﺮﺓ ﻭﻓﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﻦ ﺣﻴﺎﻥ ﻭﻣﺬﻋﻮﺭ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺪﻱ ﻭﺍﳌﺜﲎ ﺑﻦ ﻻﺣﻖ ﺃﺷﺪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻭﻟﺌﻚ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺭﻯ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺘﺐ ﺃﺭﺩﺷﲑ ﺇﱃ ‪‬ﻤﻦ ﺟﺎﺫﻭﻳـﻪ ﻭﻫـﻮ ﺑﻘﺸـﻴﻨﺎﺛﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺄﻣﺮﻩ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺪﻭﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻟﻌـﺮﺏ ﺑـﺄﻟﻴﺲ ﻓﻘـﺪﻡ ‪‬ﻤـﻦ ﺟﺎﺫﻭﻳـﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺃﺭﺩﺷـﲑ‬
‫ﻟﻴﺸﺎﻭﺭﻩ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻳﻔﻌﻞ ﻓﻮﺟﺪﻩ ﻣﺮﻳﻀﺎ ﻓﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻓﺎﺟﺘﻤﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺟﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﻧﺼﺎﺭﻯ‬
‫ﻋﺠﻞ ﻭﺗﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻼﺕ ﻭﺿﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﻭﺟﺎﺑﺮ ﺑﻦ ﲜﲑ ﻭﻋﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﻀﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﳊﲑﺓ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ‬

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‫ﺧﺎﻟﺪ ﳌﺎ ﺑﻠﻐﻪ ﲡﻤﻊ ﻧﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻜﺮ ﻭﻏﲑﻫﻢ ﺳـﺎﺭ ﺇﻟـﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺸـﻌﺮ ﺑـﺪﻧﻮ ﺟﺎﺑـﺎﻥ‬
‫‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻃﻠﻊ ﺟﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﺑـﺄﻟﻴﺲ ﻗﺎﻟـﺖ ﺍﻟﻌﺠـﻢ ﻟـﻪ‪ :‬ﺃﻧﻌﺎﺟﻠـﻬﻢ ﺃﻡ ﻧﻐـﺪﻱ ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ ﻭﻻ‬
‫ﻧﺮﻳﻬﻢ ﺃﻧﺎ ﳓﻔﻞ ‪‬ﻢ ﰒ ﻧﻘﺎﺗﻠﻬﻢ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺟﺎﺑﺎﻥ‪ :‬ﺇﻥ ﺗﺮﻛﻮﻛﻢ ﻓﺘﻬﺎﻭﻧﻮﺍ ‪‬ﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻌﺼﻮﻩ ‪،‬ﻭﺑﺴﻄﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﻧﺘﻬﻰ ﺧﺎﻟﺪ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﺣﻂ ﺍﻷﺛﻘﺎﻝ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻭﺿﻌﺖ‬
‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﻃﻠﺐ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﺓ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻷﺳﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﺑﻦ ﺃﲜﺮ ﻭﻣﺎﻟـﻚ ﺑـﻦ ﻗـﻴﺲ ﻓـﱪﺯ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ‬
‫ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ ﻓﻘﺘﻠﻪ ﺧﺎﻟﺪ ﻭﺃﻋﺠﻞ ﺍﻷﻋﺎﺟﻢ ﻋﻦ ﻃﻌﺎﻣﻬﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﳍﻢ ﺟﺎﺑﺎﻥ‪ :‬ﺃﱂ ﺍﻗﻞ ﻟﻜﻢ ﻭﺍﷲ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺧﻠﺘﲏ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻘـﺪﻡ ﺟـﻴﺶ ﻭﺣﺸـﺔ‬
‫ﺇﻻ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﳍﻢ‪ :‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﱂ ﺗﻘﺪﺭﻭﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﻛـﻞ ﻓﺴـﻤﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻄﻌـﺎﻡ ﻓـﺈﻥ ﻇﻔـﺮﰎ‬
‫ﻓﺄﻳﺴﺮ ﻫﺎﻟﻚ ﻭﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﳍﻢ ﻫﻠﻜﻮﺍ ﺑﺄﻛﻠﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﻔﻌﻠﻮﺍ ﻭﺍﻗﺘﺘﻠﻮﺍ ﻗﺘﺎﻻ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﺍ ﻭﺍﳌﺸﺮﻛﻮﻥ ﻳﺰﻳﺪﻫﻢ ﻛﻠﺒﺎ ﻭﺛﺒﻮﺗﺎ ﺗﻮﻗﻌﻬﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺪﻭﻡ ‪‬ﻤﻦ ﺟﺎﺫﻭﻳﻪ ﻓﺼﺎﺑﺮﻭﺍ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺧﺎﻟﺪ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺇﻥ ﻫﺰﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﻓﻌﻠـﻲ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﺃﺳــﺘﺒﻘﻲ ﻣﻨــﻬﻢ ﻣــﻦ ﺃﻗــﺪﺭ ﻋﻠﻴــﻪ ﺣــﱴ ﺃﺟــﺮﻱ ﻣــﻦ ﺩﻣــﺎﺋﻬﻢ ‪‬ــﺮﻫﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﺎ‪‬ﺰﻣﺖ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﻓﻨﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺩﻱ ﺧﺎﻟﺪ‪ :‬ﺍﻷﺳـﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﻷﺳـﺮﺍﺀ ﺇﻻ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻣﺘﻨـﻊ‪ .‬ﻓـﺎﻗﺘﻠﻮﻩ‬
‫ﻓﺄﻗﺒﻞ ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺃﺳﺮﺍﺀ ﻭﻭﻛﻞ ‪‬ﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻳﻀﺮﺏ ﺃﻋﻨﺎﻗﻬﻢ ﻳﻮﻣﺎ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ‪.‬‬

‫‪٣٠‬‬

‫ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﻌﻘﺎﻉ ﻭﻏﲑﻩ ‪ :‬ﻟـﻮ ﻗﺘﻠـﺖ ﺃﻫـﻞ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﱂ ﲡـﺮ ﺩﻣـﺎﺅﻫﻢ ‪،‬ﻓﺄﺭﺳـﻞ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﺎﺀ ﺗﱪ ﳝﻴﻨﻚ ‪،‬ﻓﻔﻌﻞ ﻭﲰﻰ ‪‬ﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ‪،‬ﻭﻭﻗﻒ ﺧﺎﻟﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ ﻭﻗـﺎﻝ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻗﺪ ﻧﻔﻠﺘﻜﻤﻮﻩ )ﺑﻔﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺎﺀ ﻭﺿﻢ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻑ ﻭﺍﳌﻴﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﺍﳌﻘﺼـﻮﺩ‬
‫ﻧﻔﻠﺘﻜﻢ ﺇﻳﺎﻩ ‪-‬ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ(‪ .‬ﻓﺘﻌﺸﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ‪،‬ﻭﺟﻌﻞ ﻣﻦ ﱂ ﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﻗـﺎﻕ ﻳﻘـﻮﻝ‬
‫ﻣﺎ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺾ ‪،‬ﻭﺑﻠﻎ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﻠﻰ ﺳﺒﻌﲔ ﺃﻟﻔﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﻌﺔ ﰲ ﺻﻔﺮ‬
‫ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻓﺮﻍ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻟﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺭ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻣﻐﻴﺸﻴﺎ –ﻭﻗﻴﻞ ﺍﲰﻬﺎ ﻣﻨﻴﺸﻴﺎ‪ -‬ﻓﺄﺻﺎﺑﻮﺍ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻣﺎ ﱂ ﻳﺼﻴﺒﻮﺍ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻣﺜﻠﻪ ﻷﻥ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﺃﻋﺠﻠـﻬﻢ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻨﻘﻠـﻮﺍ ﺃﻣـﻮﺍﳍﻢ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﺃﺛﺎﺛﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺮﺍﻋﻬﻢ ﻭﻏـﲑ ﺫﻟـﻚ ﻭﺃﺭﺳـﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺃﰊ ﺑﻜـﺮ ﺑـﺎﻟﻔﺘﺢ ‪،‬ﻭﻣﺒﻠـﻎ ﺍﻟﻐﻨـﺎﺋﻢ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﱯ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﺧﺮﺏ ﺃﻣﻐﻴﺸﻴﺎ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺑﻠﻎ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﺑﺎ ﺑﻜﺮ ﻗﺎﻝ ‪ :‬ﻋﺠﺰﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻠﺪﻥ‬
‫ﻣﺜﻞ ﺧﺎﻟﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﻭﻗﻌﺔ ﻳﻮﻡ ﻓﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﺎﺩﻗﻠﻲ ﻭﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﳊﲑﺓ )ﺹ ‪(٢٤٢‬‬
‫)ﺍﳊﲑﺓ ﻫﻲ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺗﺎﺭﳜﻴﺔ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻕ ‪-‬ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ(‬

‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺍﺛﻨﺎ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ‬

‫ﰒ ﺳﺎﺭ ﺧﺎﻟﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﻐﻴﺸﻴﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳊﲑﺓ ‪،‬ﻭﲪﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﻷﺛﻘﺎﻝ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴـﻔﻦ‬
‫ﻓﺨﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺮﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺍﳊﲑﺓ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻷﺯﺍﺫﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺴﻜﺮ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﻳ‪‬ﲔ ﻭﺃﺭﺳﻞ ﺍﺑﻨﻪ ﻓﻘﻄﻠﻊ‬

‫‪٣١‬‬

‫ﺍﳌﺎﺀ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻦ ﻓﺒﻘﻴـﺖ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻓﺴـﺎﺭ ﺧﺎﻟـﺪ ﰲ ﺧﻴـﻞ ﳓـﻮ ﺍﺑـﻦ ﺍﻷﺯﺍﺫﺑـﻪ‬
‫‪،‬ﻓﻠﻘﻴﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﺎﺩﻗﻠﻲ ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ ‪،‬ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﳓﻮ ﺍﳊﲑﺓ ﻓﻬﺮﺏ ﻣﻨـﻪ ﺍﻷﺯﺍﺫﺑـﻪ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻗﺪ ﺑﻠﻐﻪ ﻣﻮﺕ ﺃﺭﺩﺷﲑ ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﺍﺑﻨﻪ ﻓﻬﺮﺏ ﺑﻐﲑ ﻗﺘﺎﻝ ‪،‬ﻭﻧﺰﻝ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻋﻨـﺪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻐﺮﻳﲔ ﻭﲢﺼﻦ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﳊـﲑﺓ ﻓﺤﺼـﺮﻫﻢ ﰲ ﻗﺼـﻮﺭﻫﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﻛـﺎﻥ ﺿـﺮﺍﺭ ﺑـﻦ ﺍﻷﺯﻭﺭ‬
‫ﳏﺎﺻﺮﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺮ ﺍﻷﺑـﻴﺾ ﻭﻓﻴـﻪ ﺇﻳـﺎﺱ ﺑـﻦ ﻗﺒﻴﺼـﺔ ﺍﻟﻄـﺎﺋﻲ ﻭﻛـﺎﻥ ﺿـﺮﺍﺭ ﺑـﻦ‬
‫ﺍﳋﻄﺎﺏ ﳏﺎﺻﺮﺍ ﻗﺼﺮ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﻳﲔ ‪،‬ﻭﻓﻴﻪ ﻋﺪﻱ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺪﻱ ﺍﳌﻘﺘـﻮﻝ ﻭﻛـﺎﻥ ﺿـﺮﺍﺭ ﺑـﻦ‬
‫ﻣﻘﺮﻥ ﺍﳌﺰﱐ ﻋﺎﺷﺮ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ ﺇﺧﻮﺓ ﳏﺎﺻﺮﺍ ﻗﺼﺮ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻣﺎﺯﻥ ‪،‬ﻭﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺃﻛـﺎﻝ ‪،‬ﻭﻛـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺜﲎ ﳏﺎﺻﺮﺍ ﻗﺼﺮ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺑ‪‬ﻘﻴﻠﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﻓﻴﻪ ﻋﻤﺮﻭ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺢ ﺑـﻦ ﺑﻘﻴﻠـﺔ ‪،‬ﻓـﺪﻋﻮﻫﻢ‬
‫ﲨﻴﻌﺎ ﻭﺃﺟﻠﻮﻫﻢ ﻳﻮﻣﺎ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻓﺄﰊ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﳊﲑﺓ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺎﺗﻠـﻬﻢ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻓـﺎﻓﺘﺘﺤﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭ ﻭﺍﻷﺩﻳﺎﺭ ﻭﺃﻛﺜﺮﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﻞ ﻓﻨﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻴﺴﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻫﺒﺎﻥ ‪ :‬ﻳﺎ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﺼـﻮﺭ ﻣـﺎ‬
‫ﻳﻘﺘﻠﻨﺎ ﻏﲑﻛﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛـــﺮ ﻓـــﺘﺢ ﺍﻷﻧﺒـــﺎﺭ )ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻜﻴـــﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﻨـــﺎﺱ ﺑﺈﺻـــﺎﺑﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻴﻮ‪‬ﻢ( )ﺹ ‪(٢٤٦-٢٤٥‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺍﺛﻨﺎ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ‬

‫ﰒ ﺳﺎﺭ ﺧﺎﻟﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻌﺒﻴﺘﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﺎﺭ ﻭﺃﳕـﺎ ﲰـﻲ ﺍﻷﻧﺒـﺎﺭ ﻷﻥ ﺃﻫـﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻄﻌـﺎﻡ‬
‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﻧﺎﺑﲑ ﻭﻋﻠـﻰ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺘـﻪ ﺍﻷﻗـﺮﻉ ﺑـﻦ ﺣـﺎﺑﺲ ﻓﻠﻤـﺎ ﺑﻠﻐﻬـﺎ ﺃﻃـﺎﻑ ‪‬ـﺎ‬

‫‪٣٢‬‬

‫ﻭﺃﻧﺸﺐ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﺎﻝ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻗﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﱪ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻭﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﺇﱃ ﺭﻣﺎﺗﻪ ﻓﺄﻭﺻﺎﻫﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﺼﺪﻭﺍ‬
‫ﻋﻴﻮ‪‬ﻢ ﺭﺷﻘﺎ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺍ ‪،‬ﰒ ﺗﺎﺑﻌﻮﺍ ﻓﺄﺻﺎﺑﻮﺍ ﺃﻟﻒ ﻋﲔ ‪،‬ﻓﺴﻤﻴﺖ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﻌـﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻮﻥ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﻨﺪ ﺷﲑﺯﺍﺩ ﺻـﺎﺣﺐ ﺳـﺎﺑﺎﻁ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤـﺎ ﺭﺃﻱ ﺫﻟـﻚ‬
‫ﺃﺭﺳﻞ ﻳﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﺼـﻠﺢ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺃﻣـﺮ ﱂ ﻳﺮﺿـﻪ ﺧﺎﻟـﺪ ‪،‬ﻓـﺮﺩ ﺭﺳـﻠﻪ ﻭﳓـﺮ ﻣـﻦ ﺇﺑـﻞ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮ ﻛﻞ ﺿﻌﻴﻒ ﻭﺃﻟﻘﺎﻩ ﰲ ﺧﻨﺪﻗﻬﻢ ﰒ ﻋﱪﻩ ‪،‬ﻓﺎﺟﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻔـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﰲ ﺍﳋﻨﺪﻕ‪ .‬ﻓﺄﺭﺳﻞ ﺷﲑﺯﺍﺩ ﺇﱃ ﺧﺎﻟﺪ ﻭﺑﺬﻝ ﻟﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺃﺭﺍﺩ ﻓﺼـﺎﳊﻪ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻠﺤﻘـﻪ‬
‫ﲟﺄﻣﻨﻪ ﰲ ﺟﺮﻳﺪﺓ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻣﻌﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺘﺎﻉ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻭﺧﺮﺝ ﺷﲑﺯﺍﺩ ﺇﱃ ‪‬ﻤـﻦ ﺟﺎﺫﻭﻳـﻪ‬
‫‪،‬ﰒ ﺻﺎﱀ ﺧﺎﻟﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﺎﺭ ﻭﺃﻫﻞ ﻛﻠﻮﺍﺫﻯ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﻓﺘﺢ ﻋﲔ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺮ )ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﺍﳌﻬﺰﻭﻣﲔ ﺣـﱴ ﺑﻌـﺪ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻳﻄﻠﺒﻮﺍ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻥ( )ﺹ ‪(٢٤٦‬‬
‫)ﻋﲔ ﲤﺮ ﻫﻲ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻕ ﺗﻘﻊ ﻏﺮﺏ ﻛﺮﺑﻼﺀ ‪-‬ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ(‬

‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺍﺛﻨﺎ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ‬

‫ﻭﳌﺎ ﻓﺮﻍ ﺧﺎﻟﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﻠﻒ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺰﺑﺮﻗﺎﻥ ﺑﻦ ﺑﺪﺭ ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﺇﱃ ﻋـﲔ ﲤـﺮ‬
‫ﻭ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻦ ‪‬ﺮﺍﻡ ﺟﻮﺑﲔ ﰲ ﲨﻊ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺠﻢ ﻭﻋﻘﺔ ﺑﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻋﻘﺔ ﰲ‬
‫ﲨﻊ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ‪ .‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺮ ‪،‬ﻭﺗﻐﻠﺐ ﻭﺇﻳﺎﺩ ﻭﻏﲑﻫﻢ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﲰﻌﻮﺍ ﲞﺎﻟـﺪ‪.‬‬

‫‪٣٣‬‬

‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﻋﻘﺔ ِﳌﻬﺮﺍﻥ )ﺑﻜﺴﺮ ﺍﳌﻴﻢ ‪-‬ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ( ‪ :‬ﺇﻥﹼ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ﺃﻋﻠﻢ ﺑﻘﺘﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ﻓـﺪﻋﻨﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺧﺎﻟﺪﺍ‪ .‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺻﺪﻗﺖ ﻓﺄﻧﺘﻢ ﺃﻋﻠﻢ ﺑﻘﺘﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ﻭﺇﻧﻜﻢ ﳌﺜﻠﻨـﺎ ﰲ ﻗﺘـﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺠـﻢ‬
‫ﻓﺠﺪﻋﻪ ﻭﺍﺗﻘﻰ ﺑﻪ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﻭﺇﻥ ﺍﺣﺘﺠﺘﻢ ﺇﻟﻴﻨﺎ ﺃﻋﻨ‪‬ﺎﻛﻢ ﻓﻼﻣﻪ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺱ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﳍﻢ ﺇﻧـّﻪ ﻗﺪ ﺟﺎﺀﻛﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺘﻞ ﻣﻠـﻮﻛﻜﻢ ﻭﻓـﻞ ﺣـﺪﻛﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﺎﺗﻘﻴﺘﻪ ‪‬ﻢ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻟﻜﻢ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺧﺎﻟـﺪ ﻓﻬـﻲ ﻟﻜـﻢ ﻭﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻧـﺖ ﺍﻷﺧـﺮﻯ ﱂ‬
‫ﻳﺒﻠﻐﻮﺍ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺣﱴ ﻳﻬـِﻨﻮﺍ ﻓﻨﻘﺎﺗﻠﻬﻢ ﻭﳓﻦ ﺃﻗﻮﻳﺎﺀ ‪،‬ﻓﺎﻋﺘﺮﻓﻮﺍ ﻟﻪ ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﻋﻘـﺔ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺧﺎﻟﺪ ﻓﺎﻟﺘﻘﻮﺍ ﻓﺤﻤﻞ ﺧﺎﻟﺪ ﺑﻨﻔﺴﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻘﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﻫﻮﻳﻘﻴﻢ ﺻﻔﻮﻓﻪ ﻓﺎﺣﺘﻀـﻨﻪ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺧﺬﻩ ﺃﺳﲑﺍ ﻭﺍ‪‬ﺰﻡ ﻋﺴﻜﺮﻩ ﻣﻦ ﻏـﲑ ﻗﺘـﺎﻝ ﻓﺄﺳـﺮ ﺃﻛﺜـﺮﻫﻢ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤـﺎ ﺑﻠـﻎ ﺍﳋـﱪ‬
‫ﻣﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﺮﺏ ﰲ ﺟﻨﺪﻩ ﻭﺗﺮﻛﻮﺍ ﺍﳊﺼﻦ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﻰ ﺍﳌﻨﻬﺰﻣﻮﻥ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ ﲢﺼـﻨﻮﺍ ﺑـﻪ‬
‫ﻓﻨﺎﺯﳍﻢ ﺧﺎﻟﺪ ﻓﻄﻠﺒﻮﺍ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻥ ‪،‬ﻓﺄﰉ ﻓﱰﻟﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﻜﻤـﻪ ﻓﺄﺧـﺬﻫﻢ ﺃﺳـﺮﻯ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﻋﻘﺔ ﰒ ﻗﺘﻠﻬﻢ ﺃﲨﻌﲔ ﻭﺳﱮ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﰲ ﺍﳊﺼﻦ ﻭﻏﻨﻢ ﻣﺎ ﻓﻴﻪ ‪،‬ﻭﻭﺟـﺪ‬
‫ﰲ ﺑﻌﻴﺘﻬﻢ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﲔ ﻏﻼﻣﺎ ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﺍﻹﳒﻴﻞ ﻓﺄﺧﺬﻫﻢ ﻓﻘﺴﻤﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟـﺒﻼﺀ‬
‫ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺳﲑﻳﻦ ﺃﺑﻮ ﳏﻤﺪ ﻭﻧﺼﲑ ﺃﺑﻮ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ‪،‬ﻭﲪﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻮﱃ ﻋﺜﻤـﺎﻥ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﺭﺳـﻞ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺃﰊ ﺑﻜﺮ ﺑﺎﳋﱪ ﻭﺍﳋﻤﺲ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﳍﺮﻳﺮ ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﺭﺳﺘﻢ )ﺹ ‪(٣٣٠‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺃﺭﺑﻊ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ‬

‫‪٣٤‬‬

‫ﻭﻣﻀﻰ ﺭﺳﺘﻢ ﳓﻮ ﺍﻟﻌﺘﻴﻖ ﻓﺮﻣﻰ ﺑﻨﻔﺴﻪ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻭﺍﻗﺘﺤﻤﻪ ﻫـﻼﻝ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ﻭﺃﺧـﺬ‬
‫ﺑﺮﺟﻠﻴﻪ ﰒ ﺧﺮﺝ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻀﺮﺏ ﺟﺒﻴﻨـﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﺴـﻴﻒ ﺣـﱴ ﻗﺘﻠـﻪ ﰒ ﺃﻟﻘـﺎﻩ ﺑـﲔ ﺃﺭﺟـﻞ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻐﺎﻝ ‪،‬ﰒ ﺻﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻳﺮ ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ‪" :‬ﻗﺘﻠﺖ ﺭﺳﺘﻢ ﻭﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻜﻌﺒﺔ ‪،‬ﺇﱄﹼ ﺇﱄﹼ" ﻓﺄﻃﺎﻓﻮﺍ ﺑﻪ‬
‫ﻭﻛﱪﻭﺍ ﻓﻨﻠﻪ ﺳﻌﺪ ﺳﻠﺒﻪ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻗﺪ ﺃﺻﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﳌﺎﺀ ﻭﱂ ﻳﻈﻔﺮ ﺑﻘﻠﻨﺴﻮﺗﻪ ﻭﻟﻮ ﻇﻔﺮ‬
‫‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻜﺎﻧﺖ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻬﺎ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ ﺃﻟﻒ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻗﻴﻞ ﺇﻥﹼ ﻫﻼﻻ ﳌﺎ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺭﺳﺘﻢ ﺭﻣﺎﻩ ﺭﺳـﺘﻢ ﺑﻨﺸـﺎﺑﺔ ﺃﺛﺒـﺖ ﻗﺪﻣـﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻛـﺎﺏ‬
‫ﻓﺤﻤﻞ ﻫﻼﻝ ﻓﻀﺮﺑﻪ ﻓﻘﺘﻠـﻪ ‪،‬ﰒ ﺍﺣﺘـﺰ ﺭﺃﺳـﻪ ﻭﻋﻠﻘـﻪ ﻭﻧـﺎﺩﻯ ‪" :‬ﻗﺘﻠـﺖ ﺭﺳـﺘﻢ"‬
‫‪،‬ﻓﺎ‪‬ﻤﺰﻡ ﻗﻠﺐ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻛﲔ ﻭﻗﺎﻡ ﺍﳉﺎﻟﻴﻨﻮﺱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﺩﻡ ﻭﻧﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻟﻔـﺮﺱ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﺒـﻮﺭ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﳌﻘﺘﺮﻧـﻮﻥ ﻓﺈﻧــّﻬﻢ ﺟﺸـﻌﻮﺍ ﻓﺘـﻬﺎﻓﺘﻮﺍ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﺘﻴـﻖ ﻓـﻮﺧﺰﻫﻢ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﻮﻥ‬
‫ﺑﺮﻣﺎﺣﻬﻢ ﻓﻤﺎ ﺃﻗﻠﺖ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﳐﱪ ‪،‬ﻭﻫﻢ ﺛﻼﺛﻮﻥ ﺃﻟﻒ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﳍﺮﻳﺮ ﺃﻟﻔﺎﻥ ﻭﲬﺴﻤﺎﺋﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﻟﻴﻠـﺔ ﺍﳍﺮﻳـﺮ‬
‫ﻭﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺳﻴﺔ ﺳﺘﺔ ﺁﻻﻑ ﻓﺪﻓﻨﻮﺍ ﰲ ﺍﳋﻨﺪﻕ ﺣﻴﺎﻝ ﻣﺸﺮ‪‬ﻕ ‪،‬ﻭﺩﻓﻦ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻗﺒـﻞ‬
‫ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﳍﺮﻳﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺸﺮ‪‬ﻕ ‪،‬ﻭﲨﻌﺖ ﺍﻷﺳﻼﺏ ‪،‬ﻭﺍﻷﻣﻮﺍﻝ ‪،‬ﻓﺠﻤـﻊ ﻣﻨـﻬﺎ ﺷـﻲﺀ ﱂ‬
‫ﻳـُﺠﻤﻊ ﻗﺒﻠﻪ ﻭﻻ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﻓﺘﺢ ﺣﻠﺐ )ﺹ ‪(٣٤٤‬‬

‫‪٣٥‬‬

‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﲬﺲ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ‬

‫ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺳﻴ‪‬ﺮ ﺃﺑﻮ ﻋﺒﻴﺪﺓ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳉﺮﺍﺡ ﺟﻴﺸﺎ ﻣـﻊ ﻣﺴـﲑﺓ ﺑـﻦ ﻣﺴـﺮﻭﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺴـﻲ‬
‫ﻓﺴﻠﻜﻮﺍ ﺩﺭﺏ ﺑﻐﺮﺍﺱ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺃﻧﻄﺎﻛﻴﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﻟـﺮﻭﻡ ‪،‬ﻭﻫـﻮ ﺃﻭﻝ ﻣـﻦ ﺳـﻠﻚ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺏ ﻓﻠﻘﻲ ﲨﻌﺎ ﻟﻠﺮﻭﻡ ﻣﻌﻬﻢ ﻋـﺮﺏ ﻣـﻦ ﻏﺴـﺎﻥ ﻭﺗﻨـﻮﺥ ﻭﺇﻳـﺎﺩ ﻳﺮﻳـﺪﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﺤﺎﻕ ‪‬ﺮﻗﻞ ‪،‬ﻓﺄﻭﻗﻊ ‪‬ﻢ ﻭﻗﺘـﻞ ﻣﻨـﻬﻢ ﻣﻘﺘﻠـﺔ ﻋﻈﻴﻤـﺔ ﰒ ﳊـﻖ ﺑـﻪ ﻣﺎﻟـﻚ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺷﺘﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺨﻌﻲ ﻣﺪﺩﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﰊ ﻋﺒﻴﺪﺓ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺑﺄﻧﻄﺎﻛﻴﺔ ﻓﺴﻠﻤﻮﺍ ﻭﻋﺎﺩﻭﺍ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﺳﲑ ﺟﻴﺸﺎ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺇﱃ ﻣ‪‬ﺮﻋ‪‬ﺶ )ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺜﻐﻮﺭ ﺑﲔ ﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻡ ﻭﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ( ﻣـﻊ‬
‫ﺧﺎﻟﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻓﻔﺘﺤﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﺟﻼﺀ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻷﻣﺎﻥ ﻭﺃﺧﺮ‪‬ﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﺳﲑ ﺟﻴﺸـﺎ ﺁﺧـﺮ‬
‫ﻣﻊ ﺣﺒﻴﺐ ﺑﻦ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺔ ﺇﻷﻯ ﺣﺼﻦ "ﺍﳊﺪﺙ" ﻭﺇﻧـّﻤﺎ ﲰﻲ ﺍﳊـﺪﺙ ﻷﻥﹼ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﲔ‬
‫ﻟﻘﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻏﻼﻣﺎ ﺣـﺪﺛﺎ ﻓﻘﺎﺗﻠـﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺃﺻـﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﻓﻘﻴـﻞ ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﺏ ﺍﳊـﺪﺙ ﻭﻗﻴـﻞ ﻷﻥ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺴــﻠﻤﲔ ﺃﺻــﻴﺒﻮﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﻓﻘﻴــﻞ ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﺏ ﺍﳊــﺪﺙ ‪،‬ﻭﻛــﺎﻥ ﺑﻨــﻮ ﺃﻣﻴــﺔ ﻳﺴــﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺩﺭﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ ﳍﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻌﲎ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﺘﺢ ﻗﻴﺴﺎﺭﻳﺔ ﻭﺣﺼﺮ ﻏﺰﺓ )ﺹ ‪(٣٤٤‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﲬﺲ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ‬

‫‪٣٦‬‬

‫)ﻗﻴﺴﺎﺭﻳﺔ ﻫﻲ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺗﺎﺭﳜﻴﺔ ﺗﻘﻊ ﻏﺮﺏ ﻓﻠﺴﻄﲔ ‪،‬ﻭﻫـﻲ ﺗﻌﺘـﱪ ﺣﺎﻟﻴـﺎ ﻗﺮﻳـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ‪-‬ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ(‬

‫ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﻓﺘﺤﺖ ﻗﻴﺴـﺎﺭﻳﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﻴـﻞ ﺳـﻨﺔ ﺗﺴـﻊ ﻋﺸـﺮﺓ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﻴـﻞ ﺳـﻨﺔ‬
‫ﻋﺸﺮﻳﻦ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺳﺒﺒﻬﺎ ﺃﻥﹼ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻛﺘﺐ ﺇﱃ ﻳﺰﻳـﺪ ﺑـﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺳـﻔﻴﺎﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺮﺳـﻞ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻳـﺔ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﻗﻴﺴﺎﺭﻳﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺘﺐ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻳﺔ ﻳﺄﻣﺮﻩ ﺑـﺬﻟﻚ ﻓﺴـﺎﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻳـﺔ ﺇﻟﻴﻬـﺎ ﻓﺤﺼـﺮ‬
‫ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﻓﺠﻌﻠﻮﺍ ﻳﺰﺍﺣﻔﻮﻧﻪ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻳﻬﺰﻣﻬﻢ ﻭﻳﺮﺩﻫﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺣﺼـﻨﻬﻢ‪ .‬ﰒ ﺯﺍﺣﻔـﻮﺍ ﺁﺧـﺮ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﻴﺘﲔ ﻭﺑﻠﻐﺖ ﻗﺘﻼﻫﻢ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻛﺔ ﲦﺎﻧﻴﲔ ﺃﻟﻔﺎ ﻭﻛﻤﻠـﻬﺎ ﰲ ﻫﺰﳝﺘـﻬﻢ‬
‫ﻣﺎﺋﺔ ﺃﻟﻒ ﻭﻓﺘﺤﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﻭﻗﻌﺔ ‪‬ﺎﻭﻧﺪ )ﺹ ‪(٤١٧-٤١٦‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻭﻋﺸﺮﻳﻦ‬

‫ﻓــﺄﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﻌﻤــﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﻌﻘــﺎﻉ ﺑــﻦ ﻋﻤــﺮﻭ ﻭﻛــﺎﻥ ﻋﻠــﻰ ﺍ‪‬ــﺮﺩﺓ ﻓﺄﻧﺸــﺐ ﺍﻟﻘﺘــﺎﻝ‬
‫ﻓﺄﺧﺮﺟﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻨﺎﺩﻗﻬﻢ ﻛﺄﻧـّﻬﻢ ﺟﺒﺎﻝ ﺣﺪﻳﺪ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻮﺍﺛﻘﻮﺍ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﻳﻔﺮﻭﺍ ﻭﻗﺪ ﻗـﺮﻥ‬
‫ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ ﺑﻌﻀﺎ ﻛـﻞ ﺳـﺒﻌﺔ ﰲ ﻗـﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﺃﻟﻘـﻮﺍ ﺣﺴـﻚ ﺍﳊﺪﻳـﺪ ﺧﻠﻔﻬـﻢ ﻟـﺌﻼ‬

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‫ﻳﻨﻬﺰﻣﻮﺍ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺧﺮﺟﻮﺍ ﻧﻜﺺ ﰒ ﻧﻜﺺ ﻭﺍﻏﺘﻨﻤﻬﺎ ﺍﻷﻋـﺎﺟﻢ ﻓﻔﻌﻠـﻮﺍ ﻛﻤـﺎ ﻇـﻦ‬
‫ﻃﻠﻴﺤﺔ ﻭﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ ‪ :‬ﻫﻲ ﻫﻲ‪ .‬ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﺒﻖ‪ ‬ﺃﺣﺪ ﺇﻻ ﻣﻦ ﻳﻘـﻮﻡ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻷﺑـﻮﺍﺏ ﻭﺭﻛـﻮ‪‬ﻢ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﳊــﻖ ﺍﻟﻘﻌﻘــﺎﻉ ﺑﺎﻟﻨــﺎﺱ ﻭﺍﻧﻘﻄــﻊ ﺍﻟﻔــﺮﺱ ﻋــﻦ ﺣﺼــﻨﻬﻢ ﺑﻌــﺾ ﺍﻻﻧﻘﻄــﺎﻉ‬
‫ﻭﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻳﻮﻡ ﲨﻌـﺔ ﺻـﺪﺭ ﺍﻟﻨـﻬﺎﺭ ﻭﻗـﺪ ﻋﻬـﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﻌﻤـﺎﻥ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﻭﺃﻣﺮﻫﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻠﺰﻣـﻮﺍ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻭﻻ ﻳﻘـﺎﺗﻠﻮﺍ ﺣـﱴ ﻳـﺄﺫﻥ ﳍـﻢ ﻓﻔﻌﻠـﻮﺍ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺘﺮﻭﺍ ﺑﺎﳊﺠﻒ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﻣﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻛﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻳﺮﻣﻮ‪‬ﻢ ﺣﱴ ﺃﻓﺸـﻮﺍ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﳉﺮﺍﺡ ﻭﺷﻜﺎ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻭﻗـﺎﻟﻮﺍ ﻟﻠﻨﻌﻤـﺎﻥ ﺃﻻ ﺗـﺮﻯ ﻣـﺎ ﳓـﻦ ﻓﻴـﻪ ﻓﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﺗﻨﺘﻈﺮ ‪‬ﻢ ؟ ﺃﺋﺬﻥ ﻟﻠﻨﺎﺱ ﰲ ﻗﺘﺎﳍﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻧﺘﻈﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﻌﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺘﺎﻝ ﺃﺣﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﻧـﺖ ﺇﱃ ﺭﺳـﻮﻝ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻠﻘـﻰ ﺍﻟﻌـﺪﻭ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ ﻭﺫﻟـﻚ ﻋﻨـﺪ ﺍﻟـﺰﻭﺍﻝ ﻭﺗﻔﻴـﺆ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻓﻴﺎﺀ ﻭﻣﻬﺐ ﺍﻟﺮﻳﺎﺡ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ ﺭﻛﺐ ﻓﺮﺳـﻪ ‪،‬ﻭﺳـﺎﺭ ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻭﻭﻗﻒ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻞ ﺭﺍﻳﺔ ﻳﺬﻛﺮﻫﻢ ﻭﳛﺮﺿﻬﻢ ﻭﳝﻨ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻈﻔـﺮ ﻭﻗـﺎﻝ ﳍـﻢ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺇﱐ ﻣﻜﺒ‪‬ﺮ ﺛﻼﺛﺎ ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﻛﱪﺕ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ ﻓﺈﱐ ﺣﺎﻣﻞ ﺇﻥ ﺷـﺎﺀ ﺍﷲ ﻓـﺎﲪﻠﻮﺍ ﻭﺇﻥ ﻗﺘﻠـﺖ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻣﲑ ﺑﻌﺪﻱ ﺣﺬﻳﻔﺔ ‪،‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﻗﺘﻞ ﻓﻔﻼﻥ ﺣﱴ ﻋﺪ‪ ‬ﺳﺒﻌﺔ ﺁﺧﺮﻫﻢ ﺍﳌﻐـﲑﺓ‪ .‬ﰒ ﻗـﺎﻝ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺃﻋﺰ ﺩﻳﻨﻚ ﻭﺃﻧﺼﺮ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻙ ‪،‬ﻭﺍﺟﻌﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﻌﻤﺎﻥ ﺃﻭﻝ ﺷﻬﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﻴـﻮﻡ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺇﻋـﺰﺍﺯ‬
‫ﺩﻳﻨﻚ ﻭﻧﺼﺮ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻙ‪.‬‬

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‫ﻭﻗﻴﻞ ‪ :‬ﺑﻞ ﻗﺎﻝ ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺇﻧـّﻲ ﺍﺳﺄﻟﻚ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻘﺮ ﻋﻴﲏ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﺑﻔﺘﺢ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻋـﺰ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻭﺍﻗﺒﻀﲏ ﺷﻬﻴﺪﺍ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﺒﻜﻰ ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ ﻭﺭﺟـﻊ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻮﻗﻔـﻪ ﻓﻜـﱪ ﺛﻼﺛـﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ ﺳـﺎﻣﻌﻮﻥ ﻣﻄﻴﻌـﻮﻥ‬
‫ﻣﺴﺘﻌﺪﻭﻥ ﻟﻠﻘﺘﺎﻝ ﻭﲪﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﻌﻤﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻣﻌـﻪ ﻭﺍﻧﻘﻀـﺖ ﺭﺍﻳﺘـﻪ ﺍﻧﻘﻀـﺎﺽ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻌﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﻠﹼﻢ ﺑﺒﻴﺎﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻠﻨﺴﻮﺓ ﻓﺎﻗﺘﺘﻠﻮﺍ ﻗﺘـﺎﻻ ﺷـﺪﻳﺪﺍ ﱂ‬
‫ﻳﺴﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻣﻌﻮﻥ ﺑﻮﻗﻌﺔ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺃﺷﺪ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﻣـﺎ ﻛـﺎﻥ ﻳﺴـﻤﻊ ﺇﻻ ﻭﻗـﻊ ﺍﳊﺪﻳـﺪ‬
‫ﻭﺻﱪ ﳍﻢ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﺻﱪﺍ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﺍ‪‬ـﺰﻡ ﺍﻷﻋـﺎﺟﻢ ﻭﻗﺘـﻞ ﻣﻨـﻬﻢ ﻣـﺎ ﺑـﲔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰﻭﺍﻝ ﻭﺍﻻﻋﺘﺎﻡ ﻣﺎ ﻃﺒﻖ ﺃﺭﺽ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻛﺔ ﺩﻣﺎ ﻳﺰﻟﻖ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻭﺍﺏ ﻓﻴـﻪ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤـﺎ ﺃﻗـﺮ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﲔ ﺍﻟﻨﻌﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﺘﺢ ﺍﺳﺘﺠﺎﺏ ﻟﻪ ﻓﻘﺘﻞ ﺷﻬﻴﺪﺍ ﺯﻟﻖ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﺳﻪ ﻓﺼﺮﻉ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻗﻴﻞ ﺑﻞ ﺭﻣﻲ ﺑﺴﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺧﺎﺻﺮﺗﻪ ﻓﻘﺘﻠﻪ ﻓﺴﺠﺄﻩ ﺃﺧﻮﻩ ﻧﻌـﻴﻢ ﺑﺜـﻮﺏ ﻭﺃﺧـﺬ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﺍﻳﺔ ﻭﻧﺎﻭﳍﺎ ﺣﺬﻳﻔﺔ ‪،‬ﻓﺄﺧﺬﻫﺎ ﻭﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻌﻤﺎﻥ ﻭﺗﺮﻙ ﻧﻌﻴﻤﺎ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﳍﻢ ﺍﳌﻐﲑﺓ ‪" :‬ﺍﻛﺘﻤﻮﺍ ﻣﺼﺎﺏ ﺃﻣﲑﻛﻢ ﺣﱴ ﻧﻨﺘﻈﺮ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺼﻨﻊ ﺍﷲ ﻓﻴﻨﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻓﻴﻬﻢ ﻟﺌﻼ ﻳﻬﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ"‪ .‬ﻓﺎﻗﺘﺘﻠﻮﺍ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺃﻇﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺍ‪‬ـﺰﻡ ﺍﳌﺸـﺮﻛﻮﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺫﻫﺒﻮﺍ ﻭﻟﺰﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﻋﻤﻲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻗﺼﺪﻫﻢ ﻓﺘﺮﻛﻮﻩ ﻭﺃﺧﺬﻭﺍ ﳓﻮ ﺍﻟﻠـﻬﺐ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﺩﻭﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﺳﺒﻴﺬﻫﺎﻥ ﻓﻮﻗﻌﻮﺍ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻓﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻳﻘﻊ ﻓﻴﻘﻊ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬
‫ﺳﺘﺔ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻌﺾ ﰲ ﻗﻴﺎﺩ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻓﻴﻘﺘﻠﻮﻥ ﲨﻴﻌﺎ ﻭﺟﻌﻞ ﻳﻌﻘﺮﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ‬

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‫ﺣﺴﻚ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺪ ﻓﻤﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﺐ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ ﺃﻟﻒ ﺃﻭ ﻳﺰﻳﺪﻭﻥ ﺳـﻮﻯ ﻣـﻦ ﻗﺘـﻞ ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻛﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﻓﺘﺢ ﳘﺬﺍﻥ ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ )ﺹ ‪(٤٢٥‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺍﺛﻨﺘﲔ ﻭﻋﺸﺮﻳﻦ‬

‫ﻗﺪ ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﻣﺴﲑ ﻧﻌﻴﻢ ﺑﻦ ﻣﻘﺮﻥ ﺇﱃ ﳘﺬﺍﻥ ﻭﻓﺘﺤﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻳﺪﻩ ﻭﻳـﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﻌﻘـﺎﻉ‬
‫ﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﺮﻭ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺭﺟﻌﺎ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻛﻔﺮ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺧﺴﺮﻭﺷﻨﻮﻡ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻗﺪﻡ ﻋﻬﺪ ﻧﻌـﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻭﺩ‪‬ﻉ ﺣﺬﻳﻔﺔ ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﳘﺬﺍﻥ ﻭﻋﺎﺩ ﺣﺬﻳﻔـﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻓـﺔ ﻓﺨـﺮﺝ‬
‫ﻧﻌــﻴﻢ ﺑــﻦ ﻣﻘــﺮﻥ ﻋﻠــﻰ ﺗﻌﺒﻴــﺔ ﺇﱃ ﳘــﺬﺍﻥ ﻓﺎﺳــﺘﻮﱃ ﻋﻠــﻰ ﺑﻼﺩﻫــﺎ ﲨﻴﻌــﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺣﺎﺻﺮﻫﺎ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺭﺃﻯ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺳﺄﻟﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺢ ﻓﻔﻌﻞ ﻭﻗﺒﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺍﳉﺰﻳﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺪ‬
‫ﻗﻴﻞ ‪ :‬ﺇﻥ ﻓﺘﺤﻬﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺃﺭﺑﻊ ﻭﻋﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﻘﺘﻞ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﺴﺘﺔ ﺃﺷﻬﺮ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻧﻌﻴﻢ ‪‬ﻤﺬﺍﻥ ﰲ ﺇﺛﲏ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺃﻟﻔﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﻨﺪ ﻛﺎﺗﺐ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻠﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﻱ‬
‫ﺃﺫﺑﻴﺠﺎﻥ ﺇﺫ ﺧﺮﺝ ﻣﻮﺗﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻠﻢ ﺣﱴ ﻧﺰﻝ ﺑﻮﺍﺝ ﺭﻭﺫ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﺰﺑﻴﲏ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺧـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﰲ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﻱ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪﻳﺎﺭ ﺃﺧﻮﺭﺳﺘﻢ ﰲ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺃﺫﺑﻴﺠـﺎﻥ ﻓـﺎﺟﺘﻤﻌﻮﺍ ﻭﲢﺼـﻦ‬
‫ﻣﻨـﻬﻢ ﺍﻣــﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﳌﺴــﺎﱀ ﻭﺑﻌﺜـﻮﺍ ﺇﱃ ﻧﻌــﻴﻢ ﺑــﺎﳋﱪ ﻓﺎﺳـﺘﺨﻠﻒ ﻳﺰﻳــﺪ ﺑــﻦ ﻗــﻴﺲ‬
‫ﺍﳍﻤﺬﺍﱐ ﻭﺧﺮﺝ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﻓﺎﻗﺘﺘﻠﻮﺍ ﺑﻮﺍﺟﺪ ﺭﻭﺫ ﻗﺘﺎﻻ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﺍ ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻭﻗﻌﺔ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﺔ‬

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‫ﺗﻌﺪﻝ ‪‬ﺎﻭﻧﺪ ﻓـﺎ‪‬ﺰﻡ ﺍﻟﻔـﺮﺱ ﻫﺰﳝـﺔ ﻗﺒﻴﺤـﺔ ﻭﻗﺘـﻞ ﻣﻨـﻬﻢ ﻣﻘﺘﻠـﺔ ﻛـﺒﲑﺓ ﻻ‬
‫ﳛﺼﻮﻥ ﻓﺄﺭﺳﻠﻮﺍ ﺇﱃ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻣﺒﺸﺮﺍ ﻓﺄﻣﺮ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻧﻌﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﻘﺼﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﻱ ﻭﻗﺘﺎﻝ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺍﳌﻘﺎﻡ ‪‬ﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻓﺘﺤﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﻓـﺘﺢ ﻃـﺮﺍﺑﻠﺲ ﺍﻟﻐـﺮﺏ ﻭﺑﺮﻗـﺔ )ﺍﳌﺼـﺎﳊﺔ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺟﺰﻳﺔ ﻳﺒﻴﻌﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻭﻻﺩﻫﻢ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ( )ﺹ ‪(٤٢٩-٤٢٨‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺍﺛﻨﺘﲔ ﻭﻋﺸﺮﻳﻦ‬

‫ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺳﺒﺐ ﻣﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﱪﺑﺮ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﻭﺇﱃ ﻏﲑﻫﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻐـﺮﺏ ﺃ‪‬ـﻢ ﻛـﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﺑﻨـﻮﺍﺣﻲ‬
‫ﻓﻠﺴﻄﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻡ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻜﻬﻢ ﺟﺎﻟﻮﺕ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻗﺘـﻞ ﺳـﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻟﱪﺍﺑـﺮ ﻭﻃﻠﺒـﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺏ ﺣﱴ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﻮﺍ ﺇﱃ ﻟﻮﺑﻴﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﻣﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻭﳘﺎ ﻛﻮﺭﺗﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻮﺭ ﻣﺼـﺮ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺑﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺗﻔﺮﻗﻮﺍ ﻓﺴﺎﺭﺕ ﺯﻧﺎﺗﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﻣﻐﻴﺔ ﻭﳘـﺎ ﻗﺒﻴﻠﺘـﺎﻥ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻟﱪﺑـﺮ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻐـﺮﺏ ﻓﺴـﻜﻨﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺍﳉﺒﺎﻝ ﻭﺳﻜﻨﺖ ﻟﻮﺍﺗﺔ ﺃﺭﺽ ﺑﺮﻗﺔ ﻭﺗﻌﺮﻑ ﻗﺪﳝﺔ ﺑﺄﻧﻄﺎﺑﻠﺲ ﻭﺍﻧﺘﺸﺮﻭﺍ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺣـﱴ‬
‫ﺑﻠﻐﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﻳﺲ ﻭﻧﺰﻟﺖ ﻫﻮﺍﺭﺓ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻟﺒﺪﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻧﺰﻟﺖ ﻧﻔﻮﺳﺔ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺳﱪﺓ ﻭﺟﻼ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﻥ ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻭﻗﺎﻡ ﺍﻷﻓﺎﺭﻕ ﻭﻫﻢ ﺧﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺻـﻠﺢ ﻳﺆﺩﻭﻧـﻪ‬
‫ﺇﱃ ﻣﻦ ﻏﻠﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻼﺩﻫﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﻋﻤﺮﻭﺍ ﺑﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺹ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺫﺭﻛﻨﺎ ﻓﺼـﺎﳊﻪ ﺃﻫﻠـﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺃﻟﻒ ﺩﻳﻨﺎﺭ ﻳﺆﺩﻭ‪‬ﺎ ﺟﺰﻳﺔ ﻭﺷـﺮﻃﻮﺍ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺒﻴﻌـﻮﺍ ﻣـﻦ ﺃﻭﻻﺩﻫـﻢ ﰲ‬
‫ﺟﺰﻳﺘﻬﻢ‪.‬‬

‫‪٤١‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﳌﺪﺍﺋﻦ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺇﻳﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺴﺮﻯ )ﺹ ‪(٣٥٨‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺳﺖ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ‬

‫ﻓﻘﺎﻟﻮﺍ ﲨﻴﻌﺎ ‪ :‬ﻋﺰﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻟﻨﺎ ﻭﻟـﻚ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﺷـﺪ ﻓﺎﻓﻌـﻞ ﻓﻨـﺪﺏ ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺒﻮﺭ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ‪ :‬ﻣﻦ ﻳﺒﺪﺃ ﻭﳛﻤﻲ ﻟﻨـﺎ ﺍﻟﻔـﺮﺍﺽ ﺣـﱴ ﺗﺘﻼﺣـﻖ ﺑـﻪ ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ ﻟﻜـﻲ ﻻ‬
‫ﳝﻨﻌﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﻮﺭ ؟ ﺍﻧﺘﺪﺏ ﻟﻪ ﻋﺎﺻﻢ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﺮﻭ ﺫﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺱ ﰲ ﺳﺘﻤﺎﺋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫـﻞ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺠـﺪﺍﺕ ﻓﺎﺳــﺘﻌﻤﻞ ﻋﻠــﻴﻬﻢ ﻋﺎﺻــﻤﺎ ﻓﻘـﺪ‪‬ﻣﻬﻢ ﻋﺎﺻــﻢ ﰲ ﺳــﺘﲔ ﻓﺎﺭﺳــﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺟﻌﻠﻬﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺧﲑ ﺫﻛﻮﺭ ﻭﺇﻧـﺎﺙ ﻟﻴﻜـﻮﻥ ﺃﺳـﻠﺲ ﻟﺴـﺒﺎﺣﺔ ﺍﳋﻴـﻞ ‪،‬ﰒ ﺍﻗﺘﺤﻤـﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺩﺟﻠﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺭﺁﻫﻢ ﺍﻷﻋـﺎﺟﻢ ﻭﻣـﺎ ﺻـﻨﻌﻮﺍ ﺃﺧﺮﺟـﻮﺍ ﻟﻠﺨﻴـﻞ ﺍﻟـﱵ ﺗﻘـﺪﻣﺖ ﻣﺜﻠـﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻓﺎﻗﺘﺤﻬﻤﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺩﺟﻠﺔ ﻓﻠﻘﻮﺍ ﻋﺎﺻﻤﺎ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺩﻧﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺍﺋﺾ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻋﺎﺻـﻢ ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﻣﺎﺡ ﺍﻟﺮﻣﺎﺡ ﺃﺷﺮﻋﻮﻫﺎ ﻭﺗﻮﺍﺧﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻮﻥ ﻓﺎﻟﺘﻘﻮﺍ ﻓﺎﻃﻌﻨﻮﺍ ﻭﺗﻮﺧــّﻰ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﲔ‬
‫ﻋﻴﻮ‪‬ﻢ ﻓﻮﻟـّﻮﺍ ‪،‬ﻭﳊﻘﻬﻢ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻓﻘﺘﻠﻮﺍ ﺃﻛﺜﺮﻫﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﳒﺎ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺻﺎﺭ ﺃﻋﻮﺭ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﻌﻦ ‪،‬ﻭﺗﻼﺣﻖ ﺍﻟﺴﺘﻤﺎﺋﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺴﺘﲔ ﻏﲑ ﻣﺘﻌﺘﻌﲔ ‪،‬ﻭﳌﺎ ﺭﺃﻯ ﺳـﻌﺪ ﻋﺎﺻـﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺍﺽ ﻗﺪ ﻣﻨﻌﻬﺎ ﺃﺫِﻥ ﻟﻠﻨﺎﺱ ﰲ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺤﺎﻡ ﻭﻗـﺎﻝ ‪ :‬ﻗﻮﻟـﻮﺍ ﻧﺴـﺘﻌﲔ ﺑـﺎﷲ‬

‫‪٤٢‬‬

‫ﻭﻧﺘﻮﻛﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺣﺴﺒﻨﺎ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻧﻌﻢ ﺍﻟﻮﻛﻴﻞ ‪،‬ﻭﺍﷲ ﻟﻴﻨﺼﺮﻥ ﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻭﻟﻴﻈﻬﺮﻥ ﺩﻟﻴﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻴﻬﺰ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺪﻭﻩ ﻭﻻ ﻗﻮﺓ ﺇﻻ ﺑﺎﷲ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﻓﺘﺢ ﻣﺼﺮ )ﺹ ‪(٤٠٨-٤٠٧‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﻋﺸﺮﻳﻦ‬

‫ﰒ ﺇﻥﹼ ﻋﻤﺮﺍ ﺳﺎﺭ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻹﺳﻜﻨﺪﺭﻳﺔ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻹﺳﻜﻨﺪﺭﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺴـﻔﺎﻁ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺒﻂ ﻗﺪ ﲡﻤﻌﻮﺍ ﻟﻪ ﻭﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ ‪ :‬ﻧﻐﺰﻭﻩ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻐﺰﻭﻧـﺎ ﻭﻳـﺮﻭﻡ ﺍﻷﺳـﻜﻨﺪﺭﻳﺔ‬
‫ﻓﺎﻟﺘﻘﻮﺍ ﻭﺍﻗﺘﺘﻠﻮﺍ ﻓﻬﺰﻣﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺘـﻞ ﻣﻨـﻬﻢ ﻣﻘﺘﻠـﺔ ﻋﻈﻴﻤـﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﺳـﺎﺭ ﺣـﱴ ﺑﻠـﻎ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺳﻜﻨﺪﺭﻳﺔ ‪،‬ﻓﻮﺟﺪ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﻣﻌﺪﻳﻦ ﻟﻘﺘﺎﻟﻪ ‪،‬ﻓﺄﺭﺳﻞ ﺍﳌﻘﻮﻗﺲ ﺇﱃ ﻋﻤـﺮﻭ ﻳﺴـﺄﻟﻪ‬
‫ﺍﳍﻨﺪﻧﺔ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺪﺓ ﻓﻠﻢ ﳚﺒﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺫﻟﻚ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ‪" :‬ﻟﻘﺪ ﻟﻘﻴﻨﺎ ﻣﻠﻜﻜﻢ ﺍﻷﻛـﱪ ﻫﺮﻗـﻞ‬
‫ﻓﻜﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻠﻐﻜﻢ"‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﻘـﻮﻗﺲ ﻷﺻـﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﺻـﺪﻕ ‪ :‬ﻓـﻨﺤﻦ ﺃﻭﱃ ﺑﺎﻹﺫﻋـﺎﻥ‪ .‬ﻓـﺎﻏﻠﻈﻮﺍ ﻟـﻪ ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﻭﺍﻣﺘﻨﻌﻮﺍ ﻓﻘﺎﺗﻠﻬﻢ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻭﺣﺼﺮﻭﻫﻢ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﺷﻬﺮ ‪،‬ﻭﻓﺘﺤﻬـﺎ ﻋﻤـﺮﻭﺍ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻮﺓ ﻭﻏﻨﻢ ﻣﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻭﺟﻌﻠﻬﻢ ﺫﻣﺔ‪.‬‬

‫‪٤٣‬‬

‫ﻭﻗﻴﻞ ‪ :‬ﺇﻥﹼ ﺍﳌﻘﻮﻗﺲ ﺻﺎﱀ ﻋﻤﺮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺛﲏ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺃﻟﻒ ﺩﻳﻨﺎﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﳜﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺳﻜﻨﺪﺭﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺭﺍﺩ ﺍﳋﺮﻭﺝ ﻭﻳﻘﻴﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺭﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﻭﺟﻌﻞ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻋﻤﺮﻭ ﺟﻨﺪﺍ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﱯ ﺃﺑﻮ ﻣﺮﱘ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﻓﺎﺧﺘـﺎﺭ ﺍﻹﺳـﻼﻡ ‪،‬ﻭﺻـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﻋﺮﻳﻒ ﺯﺑﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻮﻙ ﺑـﲏ ﺃﻣﻴـﺔ ﻳﻘﻮﻟـﻮﻥ ‪ :‬ﺇﻥﹼ ﻣﺼـﺮ ﺩﺧﻠـﺖ ﻋﻨـﻮﺓ ﻭﺃﻫﻠـﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻋﺒﻴﺪﻧﺎ ﻧﺰﻳﺪ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻛﻴﻒ ﺷﺌﻨﺎ ﻭﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ‪.‬‬

‫‪@ lbnØÛa@åß@÷ßb©a@‡Üa‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﺀ ﺑﺎﻷﻧﺪﻟﺲ )ﻗﺘﻞ ﺳﺒﻊ ﺁﻻﻑ ﰲ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ‬
‫ﻓﻘﻂ( )ﺹ ‪(١٧٩-١٧٨‬‬
‫ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺳﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﺀ ﺑﻦ ﻣﻐﻴﺚ ﺍﻟﻴﺤﺼﱯ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺔ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺑﻨﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻧﺪﻟﺲ ﻭﻟﺒﺲ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺍﺩ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺳﻴﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﺧﻄـﺐ ﻟﻠﻤﻨﺼـﻮﺭ ‪،‬ﻭﺍﺟﺘﻤـﻊ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺧﻠﻖ ﻛـﺜﲑ ‪،‬ﻓﺨـﺮﺝ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ ﺍﻷﻣـﲑ ﻋﺒـﺪ ﺍﻟـﺮﲪﻦ ﺍﻷﻣـﻮﻱ ﻓﺎﻟﺘﻘﻴـﺎ ﺑﻨـﻮﺍﺣﻲ‬
‫ﺇﺷﺒﻴﻠﻴﺔ ‪،‬ﰒ ﲢﺎﺭﺑﺎ ﺃﻳﺎﻣﺎ ﻓـﺎ‪‬ﺰﻡ ﺍﻟﻌـﻼﺀ ﻭﺃﺻـﺤﺎﺑﻪ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺘـﻞ ﻣﻨـﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻛـﺔ‬
‫ﺳﺒﻌﺔ ﺁﻻﻑ ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﺀ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﻣﺮ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭ ﲝﻤـﻞ ﺭﺃﺳـﻪ ﻭﺭﺅﻭﺱ ﲨﺎﻋـﺔ ﻣـﻦ‬

‫‪٤٤‬‬

‫ﺣﻤِـﻞ‬
‫ﻣﺸﺎﻫﲑ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻘﲑﻭﺍﻥ ‪،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺴـﻮﻕ ﺳـﺮﺍ ﻓﻔﻌـﻞ ﺫﻟـﻚ ‪،‬ﰒ ‪‬‬
‫ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺷﻲﺀ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻜﺔ ﻓﻮﺻﻠﺖ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﳌﻨﺼﻮﺭ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺮﺅﻭﺱ ﻟﻮﺍﺀ ﺃﺳـﻮﺩ‬
‫ﻭﻛﺘﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻛﺘﺒﻪ ﺍﳌﻨﺼﻮﺭ ﻟﻠﻌﻼﺀ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﳐﺎﻟﻔﺔ ﺃﰊ ﺍﻷﺳﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻷﻧﺪﻟﺲ )ﺹ ‪(٢٥٨-٢٥٧‬‬
‫ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ )ﺃﻱ ﰲ ﺳﻨﺔ ﲦﺎﻥ ﻭﺳﺘﲔ ﻭﻣﺎﺋﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﺴﺐ ﻣﺎ ﻭﺭﺩ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺮﺟـﻊ‬
‫ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ‪-‬ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ( ﺛﺎﺭ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺍﻷﺳﻮﺩ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻳﻮﺳﻒ ﺑـﻦ ﻋﺒـﺪ ﺍﻟـﺮﲪﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﻬـﺮﻱ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻷﻧﺪﻟﺲ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﻪ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﰲ ﺳﺠﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺑﻘﺮﻃﺒـﺔ ﻣـﻦ ﺣـﲔ‬
‫ﺣﺒِﺲ ﺃﺑـﻮ ﺍﻷﺳـﻮﺩ ﻭﺗﻌـﺎﻣﻰ‬
‫ﻫﺮﺏ ﺃﺑﻮﻩ ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﺃﺧﻮﻩ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻘﺪ‪‬ﻡ ‪،‬ﻭ ‪‬‬
‫ﰲ ﺍﳊﺒﺲ ‪،‬ﻓﺼﺎﺭ ﳛﺎﻛﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﺎﻥ ﻭﻻ ﻳﻄﺮﻑ ﻋﻴﻨـﻪ ﻟﺸـﻲﺀ ‪،‬ﻭﺑﻘـﻲ ﺩﻫـﺮﺍ ﻃـﻮﻳﻼ‬
‫ﺣﱴ ﺻﺢ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻷﻣﲑ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﻱ ﺫﻟﻚ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﰲ ﺃﻗﺼـﻰ ﺍﻟﺴـﺠﻦ ﺳـﺮﺩﺍﺏ ﻳﻔﻀـﻲ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻨـﻬﺮ ﺍﻷﻋﻈـﻢ ﳜـﺮﺝ ﻣﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺴﺠﻮﻧﻮﻥ ﻓﻴﻘﻀﻮﻥ ﺣﻮﺍﺋﺠﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻏﺴﻞ ﻭﻏﲑﻩ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﻮﻛﻠﻮﻥ ﻳﻬﻤﻠـﻮﻥ ﺃﺑـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺳﻮﺩ ﻟﻌﻤﺎﻩ ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺭﺟﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺮ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ‪ :‬ﻣﻦ ﻳﺪﻝ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﻰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻮﺿﻌﻪ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻣﻮﱃ ﻟﻪ ﳛﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺎﻃﺊ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺮ ﻭﻻ ﻳﻨﻜﺮ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻓﻮﺍﻋﺪﻩ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺄﺗﻴﻪ ﲞﻴﻞ ﳛﻤﻠـﻪ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻓﺨﺮﺝ ﻳﻮﻣﺎ ﻭﻣـﻮﻻﻩ ﻳﻨﺘﻈـﺮﻩ ‪،‬ﻓﻌـﱪ ﺍﻟﻨـﻬﺮ ﺳـﺒﺎﺣﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﺭﻛـﺐ ﺍﳋﻴـﻞ ﻭﳊـﻖ‬
‫ﺑﻄﻠﻴﻄﻠﺔ ﻓﺎﺟﺘﻤﻊ ﻟﻪ ﺧﻠﻖ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻓﺮﺟﻊ ‪‬ﻢ ﺇﱃ ﻗﺘـﺎﻝ ﻋﺒـﺪ ﺍﻟـﺮﲪﻦ ﺍﻷﻣـﻮﻱ‬

‫‪٤٥‬‬

‫ﻓﺎﻟﺘﻘﻴﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺩﻱ ﺍﻷﲪﺮ ﺑﻔﻠﺴﻄﻠﻮﻧﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﺍﺷﺘﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﺎﻝ ﰒ ﺍ‪‬ـﺰﻡ ﺃﺑـﻮ ﺍﻷﺳـﻮﺩ‬
‫ﻭ ﹸﻗﺘِﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﺁﻻﻑ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺮﺩ‪‬ﻯ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺮ ﻭﺃﺗﺒﻌﻪ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﻱ ﻳﻘﺘﻞ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﳊﻖ ﺣﱴ ﺟﺎﻭﺯ ﻗﻠﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺑﺎﺡ ‪،‬ﰒ ﲨﻊ ﺇﱃ ﻗﺘﺎﻝ ﺍﻷﻣـﻮﻱ ﰲ ﺳـﻨﺔ ﺗﺴـﻊ ﻭﺳـﺘﲔ‬
‫‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺃﺣﺲ ﲟﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﻱ ﺍ‪‬ﺰﻡ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﻭﻫـﻮ ﻣﻌﻬـﻢ ﻓﺄﺧـﺬ ﻋﻴﺎﻟـﻪ ﻭﻗﺘـﻞ‬
‫ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺭﺟﺎﻟﻪ ‪،‬ﻭﺑﻘﻲ ﺇﱃ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺳﺒﻌﲔ ﻓﻬﻠﻚ ﺑﻘﺮﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻋﻤـﺎﻝ ﻃﻠﻴﻄﻠـﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﻗـﺎﻡ‬
‫ﺑﻌﺪﻩ ﺃﺧﻮﻩ ﻗﺎﺳﻢ ﻭﲨﻊ ﲨﻌﺎ ﻓﻐﺰﺍﻩ ﺍﻷﻣﲑ ﻓﺠﺎﺀ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺑﻐﲑ ﺃﻣﺎﻥ ﻓﻘﺘﻠﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻘﺘﻞ ﰲ ﻃﻠﻴﻄﻠﺔ ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﺍﻟﺰﻧﺎﺩﻗﺔ )ﺹ ‪(٢٥٨‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﲦﺎﻥ ﻭﺳﺘﲔ ﻭﻣﺎﺋﺔ‬

‫ﻓﺪﺧﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻧﺎﺋـﺐ ﻋﺒـﺪ ﺍﻟـﺮﲪﻦ ﺑﻄﻠﻴﻄﻠـﺔ ﰲ ﻋﺴـﺎﻛﺮﻩ ﻓﻘﺘـﻞ ﻭﻏـﻨﻢ‬
‫ﻭﺳﱮ ‪،‬ﰒ ﻋﺎﺩ ﺳﺎﳌﺎ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﻮﰲ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺳﻢ ﺑﻦ ﻭﺍﺳﻮﻝ ﻣﻘﺪﻡ ﺍﳋـﻮﺍﺭﺝ ﺍﻟﺼـﻔﺮﻳﺔ‬
‫ﺑﺴﺠﻠﻤﺎﺳﺔ ﻓﺠﺄﺓ ﰲ ﺻﻼﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺎﺀ ﺍﻵﺧﺮﺓ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺇﻣﺎﺭﺗﻪ ﺍﺛﻨﱵ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ ﺳـﻨﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺷﻬﺮﺍ ﻭﻭﱄ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ ﺍﺑﻨﻪ ﺇﻟﻴﺎﺱ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺳﻴ‪‬ﺮ ﺍﳌﻬﺪﻱ ﺳﻌﻴﺪﺍ ﺍﳊﺮﺷﻲ ﰲ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﲔ ﺃﻟﻔﺎ ﺇﱃ ﻃﱪﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻋﻤﺮ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻮﺫﺍﱐ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻟﺰﻧﺎﺩﻗﺔ ﻭﻭﱄ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻪ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺑـﻦ ﻋﻴﺴـﻰ ﺑـﻦ ﲪﺪﻭﻳـﻪ‬
‫‪،‬ﻓﻘﺘﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺰﻧﺎﺩﻗﺔ ﺧﻠﻘﺎ ﻛﺜﲑﺍ‪.‬‬

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‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﻏﺰﺍﺓ ﻫﺸﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻷﻧﺪﻟﺲ )ﺹ ‪(٢٨٩‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﲬﺴﺔ ﻭﺳﺒﻌﲔ ﻭﻣﺎﺋﺔ‬

‫ﰒ ﺇﻥﹼ ﺃﺑﺎ ﻋﺜﻤﺎﻥ ﳌﹼﺎ ﻓﺮﻍ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻄﺮﻭﺡ ﺃﺧﺬ ﺍﳉﻴﺶ ‪،‬ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ‪‬ـﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺑـﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﻔـﺮﻧﺞ‬
‫ﻓﻘﺪ ﺃﻟﺒﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻼﻉ ﻓﻠﻘﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻭﺍ ‪،‬ﻓﻈﻔﺮ ‪‬ﻢ ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺧﻠﻘـﺎ ﻛـﺜﲑﺍ ‪،‬ﻭﻓـﺘﺢ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺳﻴ‪‬ﺮ ﻫﺸـﺎﻡ ﺃﻳﻀـﺎ ﻳﻮﺳـﻒ ﺑـﻦ ﲞـﺖ ﰲ ﺟـﻴﺶ ﺇﱃ ﺟﻠﻴﻘـﺔ‬
‫‪،‬ﻓﻠﻘﻲ ﻣﻠﻜﻬﻢ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺑﺮﻣﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻜﱪ ﻓـﺎﻗﺘﺘﻠﻮﺍ ﻗﺘـﺎﻻ ﺷـﺪﻳﺪﺍ ‪،‬ﻭﺍ‪‬ﺰﻣـﺖ ﺍﳉﻼﻟﻘـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻋﺎﱂ ﻛﺜﲑ ‪،‬ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﻧﻘﺎﺩ ﺃﻫـﻞ ﻃﻠﻴﻄﻠـﺔ ﺇﱃ ﻃﺎﻋـﺔ ﺍﻷﻣـﲑ ﻫﺸـﺎﻡ‬
‫ﻓﺄﻣﻨﻬﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺳﺠﻦ ﻫﺸﺎﻡ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺍﺑﻨﻪ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ ﻟﺸﻲﺀ ﺑﻠﻐـﻪ ﻋﻨـﻪ ﻓﺒﻘـﻲ‬
‫ﻣﺴﺠﻮﻧﺎ ﺣﻴﺎﺓ ﺃﺑﻴﻪ ﻭﺑﻌﺾ ﻭﻻﻳﺔ ﺃﺧﻴﻪ ‪،‬ﻓﺘﻮﰲ ﳏﺒﻮﺳـﺎ ﺳـﻨﺔ ﲦـﺎﻥ ﻭﺗﺴـﻌﲔ‬
‫ﻭﻣﺎﺋﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﻏﺰﻭﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺞ ﺑﺎﻷﻧﺪﻟﺲ )ﺹ ‪(٣٠٩‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﲦﺎﻧﲔ ﻭﻣﺎﺋﺔ‬

‫‪٤٧‬‬

‫ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺳﻴ‪‬ﺮ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻷﻧﺪﻟﺲ ﺟﻴﺸﺎ ﻣﻊ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﺑـﻦ ﻣﻐﻴـﺚ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺞ ‪،‬ﻓﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺩ ﻭﺑﺚ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﺍﻳﺎ ﻳﻨﻬﺒﻮﻥ ﻭﻳﻘﺘﻠﻮﻥ ‪،‬ﻭﳛﺮﻗﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺩ ‪،‬ﻭﺳـﻴ‪‬ﺮ‬
‫ﺳﺮﻳﺔ ‪،‬ﻓﺠﺎﺯﻭﺍ ﺧﻠﻴﺠﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﺎﺀ ﻗﺪ ﺟﺰﺭ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺞ ﻗﺪ ﺟﻌﻠﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺃﻣﻮﺍﳍﻢ ﻭﺃﻫﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﺭﺍﺀ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﳋﻠﻴﺞ ‪،‬ﻇﻨﺎ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻻ ﻳﻘﺪﺭ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻌﱪ ﺇﻟـﻴﻬﻢ‬
‫‪،‬ﻓﺠﺎﺀﻫﻢ ﻣﺎ ﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﰲ ﺣﺴﺎ‪‬ﻢ ‪،‬ﻓﻐﻨﻢ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﲔ ﲨﻴـﻊ ﻣـﺎﳍﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﺳـﺮﻭﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺘﻠﻮﺍ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻓﺄﻛﺜﺮﻭﺍ ﻭﺳـﺒﻮﺍ ﺍﳊـﺮﱘ ‪،‬ﻭﻋـﺎﺩﻭﺍ ﺳـﺎﳌﲔ ﺇﱃ ﻋﺒـﺪ ﺍﻟﻜـﺮﱘ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﺳﻴ‪‬ﺮ ﻃﺎﺋﻔﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻓﺨﺮﺑﻮﺍ ﻛﺜﲑﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻼﺩ ﻓﺮﻧﺴﻴﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﻏﻨﻢ ﺃﻣﻮﺍﻝ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﺳﺮﻭﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﺟـﺎﻝ ‪،‬ﻓـﺄﺧﱪﻩ ﺑﻌـﺾ ﺍﻷﺳــﺮﻯ ﺃﻥﹼ ﲨﺎﻋـﺔ ﻣـﻦ ﻣﻠــﻮﻙ ﺍﻟﻔـﺮﻧﺞ ﻗـﺪ ﺳــﺒﻘﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺇﱃ ﻭﺍﺩٍ ﻭﻋﺮ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻚ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻃـﺮﻳﻘﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻓﺠﻤـﻊ ﻋﺒـﺪ ﺍﻟﻜـﺮﱘ ﻋﺴـﺎﻛﺮﻩ‬
‫ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺟﺪ ﺍﻟﺴﲑ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﺸﻌﺮ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺎﺭ ﺇﻻ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺧﺎﻟﻄﻬﻢ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﻮﻥ‬
‫ﻓﻮﺿﻌﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻒ ﻓﻴﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻓﺎ‪‬ﺰﻣﻮﺍ ﻭﻏﻨﻢ ﻣﺎ ﻣﻌﻬﻢ ﻭﻋﺎﺩ ﺳﺎﳌﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻣﻌﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﻭﻻﻳﺔ ﻋﻠـﻲ ﺑـﻦ ﻋﻴﺴـﻰ ﺧﺮﺍﺳـﺎﻥ )ﻗﺘـﻞ ﺛﻼﺛـﲔ‬
‫ﺃﻟﻔﺎ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻃﺮﻳﻘـﺔ ﺍﻟﺸـﻖ ﺇﱃ ﻧﺼـﻔﲔ ﰲ ﻗﺘـﻞ‬
‫ﻏﲑ ﺍﶈﺎﺭﺑﲔ( )ﺹ ‪(٣١٠‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﲦﺎﻧﲔ ﻭﻣﺎﺋﺔ‬

‫‪٤٨‬‬

‫ﻭﺃﺭﺳﻞ ﻋﻴﺴﻰ ﺃﺻﺎﺑﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻭﻕ ‪،‬ﻭﺟﻮﻳﻦ ﻓﻘﺘﻠﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺎ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﳋـﻮﺍﺭﺝ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺼـﺪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻯ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﻳﻌﻴﻨﻮﻥ ﲪﺰﺓ ﻓﺄﺣﺮﻗﻬﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺣﱴ ﻭﺻﻞ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺯﺭﻧﺞ ‪،‬ﻓﻘﺘﻞ ﺛﻼﺛﲔ ﺃﻟﻔﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﺭﺟﻊ ﻭﺧﻠـﻒ ﻳـﺰﺭﻧﺞ ﻋﺒـﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑـﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺒـﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴـﻲ‬
‫ﻓﺠﱮ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺍﻝ ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻠﻘﻴﻪ ﲪﺰﺓ ﺑﺄﺳـﻔﺰﺍﺭ ‪،‬ﻓﻘﺎﺗﻠـﻪ ﻓﺼـﱪ ﻟـﻪ ﻋﺒـﺪ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﻣﻌﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﻐﺪ ‪،‬ﻓـﺎ‪‬ﺰﻡ ﲪـﺰﺓ ﻭﻗﺘـﻞ ﻛـﺜﲑﺍ ﻣـﻦ ﺃﺻـﺤﺎﺑﻪ ‪،‬ﻭﺟـﺮﺡ ﰲ‬
‫ﻭﺟﻬﻪ ‪،‬ﻭﺍﺧﺘﻔﻰ ﻫﻮ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺳﻠﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﻭﻡ ‪،‬ﰒ ﺧﺮﺝ ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘـﺮﻯ‬
‫ﻳﻘﺘﻞ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺒﻘﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺣﺪ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻴﺴﻰ ﻗﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﻞ ﻃﺎﻫﺮ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳊﺴﲔ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻮﺷﻨﺞ ﻓﺴﺎﺭ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﲪﺰﺓ ﻭﺍﻧﺘﻬﻰ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻜﺘﺐ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺛﻼﺛﻮﻥ ﻏﻼﻣـﺎ ﻓﻘﺘﻠـﻬﻢ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﻣﻌﻠﻤﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﺑﻠﻎ ﻃﺎﻫﺮﺍ ﺍﳋﱪ ﻓﺄﺗﻰ ﻗﺮﻳﺔ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻗﻌﺪ ﺍﳋﻮﺍﺭﺝ ﻭﻫـﻢ ﺍﻟـﺬﻳﻦ ﻻ‬
‫ﻳﻘﺎﺗﻠﻮﻥ ﻭﻻ ﺩﻳﻮﺍﻥ ﳍﻢ ‪،‬ﻓﻘﺘﻠﻬﻢ ﻃـﺎﻫﺮ ﻭﺃﺧـﺬ ﺃﻣـﻮﺍﳍﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﻛـﺎﻥ ﻳﺸـﺪ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺮﺟـﻞ‬
‫ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺷﺠﺮﺗﲔ ﳚﻤﻌﻬﻤﺎ ‪،‬ﰒ ﻳﺮﺳﻠﻤﻬﺎ ‪،‬ﻓﺘﺄﺧﺬ ﻛﻞ ﺷﺠﺮﺓ ﻧﺼﻔﻪ ‪،‬ﻓﻜﺘـﺐ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺪ ﺇﱃ ﲪﺰﺓ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﻒ ‪،‬ﻓﻜﻒ‪ ‬ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﻭﺍﻋﺪﻫﻢ ﻭﺃﻣِﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻣﺪﺓ ﻭﻛـﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﻭﺑﲔ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻴﺴﻰ ﺣﺮﻭﺏ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﻏﺰﻭ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺞ ﺑﺎﻷﻧﺪﺱ )ﺹ ‪(٣٤٦‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻭﺗﺴﻌﲔ ﻭﻣﺎﺋﺔ‬

‫‪٤٩‬‬

‫ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﲡﻬﺰ ﻟﺬﺭﻳﻖ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﻻﻓﺮﻧﺞ ﺑﺎﻷﻧﺪﻟﺲ ‪،‬ﻭﲨﻊ ﲨﻮﻋـﻪ ‪،‬ﻟﻴﺴـﲑ‬
‫ﺇﱃ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻃﺮﻃﻮﺷﺔ ‪،‬ﻟﻴﺼﺤﺮﻫﺎ ﻓﺒﻠﻎ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﳊﻜﻢ ‪،‬ﻓﺠﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﺎﻛﺮ ﻭﺳـﻴ‪‬ﺮﻫﺎ‬
‫ﻣﻊ ﻭﻟﺪﻩ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﻓﺎﺟﺘﻤﻌﻮﺍ ﰲ ﺟﻴﺶ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﻭﺗﺒﻌﻬﻢ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺘﻄﻮﻋﺔ‬
‫‪،‬ﻓﺴﺎﺭﻭﺍ ﻓﻠﻘﻮﺍ ﺍﻻﻓﺮﻧﺞ ﰲ ﺃﻃﺮﻑ ﺑﻼﺩﻫﻢ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻨﺎﻟﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ‬
‫‪،‬ﻓﺎﻗﺘﺘﻠﻮﺍ ﻭﺑﺬﻝ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﺋﻔﺘﲔ ﺟﻬﺪﻩ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻨﻔﺬ ﻭﺳـﻌﻪ ‪،‬ﻓـﺎﻧﺰﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻧﺼـﺮﻩ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ‪،‬ﻓﺎ‪‬ﺰﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺎﺭ ﻭﻛﺜﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﻞ ﻓـﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﺍﻷﺳـﺮ ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﺒـﺖ ﺃﻣـﻮﺍﳍﻢ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﺃﺛﻘﺎﳍﻢ ﻭﻋﺎﺩ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻇﺎﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﻏﺎﳕﲔ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻨﺔ ﻣـﻦ ﺃﻫـﻞ ﻃﻠﻴﻄﻠـﺔ ﻭﻫـﻮ ﻭﻗﻌـﺔ ﺍﳊﻔـﺮﺓ‬
‫)ﺹ ‪(٣٤٤‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺇﺣﺪ ﻭﺗﺴﻌﲔ ﻭﻣﺎﺋﺔ‬

‫ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺃﻭﻗﻊ ﺍﻷﻣﲑ ﺍﳊﻜﻢ ﺑﻦ ﻫﺸﺎﻡ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﻱ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻷﻧـﺪﻟﺲ ﺑﺄﻫـﻞ‬
‫ﻃﻠﻴﻄﻠﺔ ﻓﻘﺘﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻣـﺎ ﻳﺰﻳـﺪ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﲬﺴـﺔ ﺁﻻﻑ ﺭﺟـﻞ ﻣـﻦ ﺃﻋﻴـﺎﻥ ﺃﻫﻠـﻬﺎ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﺳﺒﺐ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻫﻞ ﻃﻠﻴﻄﻠﺔ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻗﺪ ﻃﻤﻌﻮﺍ ﰲ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﺍﺀ ﻭﺧﻠﻌﻮﻫﻢ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺑﻌـﺪ‬
‫ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﻮﻳﺖ ﻧﻔﻮﺳﻬﻢ ﲝﺼﺎﻧﺔ ﺑﻠﺪﻫﻢ ﻭﻛﺜﺮﺓ ﺃﻣﻮﺍﳍﻢ ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﻜﻮﻧﻮﺍ ﻳﻄﻴﻌـﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺃﻣﺮﺍﺀﻫﻢ ﻃﺎﻋﺔ ﻣﺮﺿﻴﺔ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺃﻋﻴﺎ ﺍﳊﻜـﻢ ﺷـﺄ‪‬ﻢ ﺃﻋﻤـﻞ ﺍﳊﻴﻠـﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻈﻔـﺮ‬
‫‪‬ﻢ ‪،‬ﻓﺎﺳﺘﻌﺎﻥ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻓﻌﻤﺮﻭﺱ ﺑﻦ ﻳﻮﺳﻒ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺑﺎﳌﻮﻟﺪ‪.‬‬

‫‪٥٠‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﺣﺼﺎﺭ ﺑﻐﺪﺍﺩ )ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺮﻳﺐ ﻭﺍﳍﺪﻡ ﻭﺍﻹﺣﺮﺍﻕ( )ﺹ‬
‫‪(٣٩٣‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺳﺒﻊ ﻭﺗﺴﻌﲔ ﻭﻣﺎﺋﺔ‬

‫ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺣﺎﺻـﺮ ﻃـﺎﻫﺮ ‪،‬ﻭﻫﺮﲦـﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﺯﻫـﲑ ﺑـﻦ ﺍﳌﺴـﻴﺐ ﺍﻷﻣـﲔ ﳏﻤـﺪﺍ‬
‫ﺑﺒﻐﺪﺍﺩ ‪،‬ﻓﱰﻝ ﺯﻫﲑ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﻀﱯ ﺑﺮﻗﺔ ﻛﻠﻮﺍﺫﻱ ﻭﻧﺼﺐ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﻧﻴﻖ ‪،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻌـﺮﺍﺩﺍﺕ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﺣﻔﺮ ﺍﳋﻨﺎﺩﻕ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﳜﺮﺝ ﰲ ﺍﻷﻳﺎﻡ ﻋﻨـﺪ ﺍﺷـﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺍﳉﻨـﺪ ﲝـﺮﺏ ﻃـﺎﻫﺮ ‪،‬ﻓﲑﻣـﻲ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺮﺍﺩﺍﺕ ‪،‬ﻭﻳﻌﺸﺮ ﺃﻣﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭ )ﻳﻌﺸﺮ ﺃﻣﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭ ﺑﻀﻢ ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﳌﻘﺼﻮﺩ ﻫﻮ‬
‫ﺃﺧﺬ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺃﻣﻮﺍﳍﻢ ‪-‬ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ( ‪،‬ﻓﺸﻜﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺇﱃ ﻃﺎﻫﺮ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﱰﻝ ﺍﳍﺮﲦﺔ ﻧ‪‬ﻬﺮﺑـِﲔ ﻭﻋﻤـﻞ ﺧﻨـﺪﻗﺎ ﻭﺳـﻮﺭﺍ ﻭﻧـﺰﻝ ﻋﺒﻴـﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑـﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺿ‪‬ـﺎﺡ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻟﺸﻤﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﻭﻧﺰﻝ ﻃﺎﻫﺮ ﺍﻟﺒﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺑﺒﺎﺏ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﺎﺭ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻧﺰﻟﻪ ﺷﻖ‪ ‬ﺫﻟـﻚ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻣﲔ ﻭﺗﻔﺮﻕ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺍﻝ ‪،‬ﻓﺄﻣﺮ ﺑﺒﻴـﻊ ﻣـﺎ ﰲ ﺍﳋـﺰﺍﺋﻦ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﺘﻌـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺿﺮﺏ ﺁﻧﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟـﺬﻫﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻀـﺔ ﻟﻴﻔﺮﻗﻬـﺎ ﰲ ﺃﺻـﺤﺎﺑﻪ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﻣـﺮ ﺑـﺈﺣﺮﺍﻕ ﺍﳊﺮﺑﻴـﺔ‬
‫)ﺍﳊﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ ﺍﳌﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻌـﻴﺶ ﻣﻨـﻪ ﺍﻟﺸـﺨﺺ ﻭﺑﺎﻟﺘـﺎﱄ ﺗﻌـﲏ ﻫﻨـﺎ ﳑﺘﻠﻜـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ‪-‬ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ( ‪،‬ﻓﺮﻣﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻔﻂ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﲑﺍﻥ ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ‪‬ﺎ ﺧﻠﻖ ﻛﺜﲑ‪.‬‬

‫‪٥١‬‬

‫ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺄﻣﻦ ﺇﱃ ﻃﺎﻫﺮ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﺑﻦ ﻗﺎﺩﻡ ﻓﻮﻻﻩ ﺍﻷﺳﻮﺍﻕ ‪،‬ﻭﺷﺎﻃﺊ ﺩﺟﻠـﺔ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﻣﺎ ﺍﺗﺼﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺃﻣﺮ ﲝﻔﺮ ﺍﳋﻨـﺎﺩﻕ ﻭﺑﻨـﺎﺀ ﺍﳊﻴﻄـﺎﻥ ﰲ ﻛـﻞ ﻣـﺎ ﻏﻠـﺐ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﻭﺏ ﻭﺃﻣﺪ‪‬ﻩ ﺑﺎﻷﻣﻮﺍﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ ﻓﻜﺜﺮ ﺍﳋﺮﺍﺏ ﺑﺒﻐﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺍﳍـﺪﻡ ‪،‬ﻓﺪﺭﺳـﺖ ﺍﳌﻨـﺎﺯﻝ‬
‫)ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺯﻝ ﺃﻱ ﻣ‪‬ﺤﻲ ﺃﺛﺮﻫـﺎ ﲟﻌـﲎ ﻫـﺪﻣﺖ ‪-‬ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗـﺐ( ﻭﻭﻛـﻞ ﺍﻻﻣـﲔ ﻋﻠﻴـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻓﺮﺍﳘﺮﺩ ﺑﻘﺼﺮ ﺻﺎﱀ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺼﺮ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳌﻨﺼﻮﺭ ﺇﱃ ﺩﺟﻠﺔ ﻓﺄﱀ ﰲ ﺇﺣـﺮﺍﻕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺭﻭﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻣﻲ ﺑﺎ‪‬ﺎﻧﻴﻖ ﻭﻓﻌﻞ ﻃﺎﻫﺮ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻐﺰﺍﺓ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺞ )ﺹ ‪(٤٢٦‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﻣﺎﺋﺘﲔ‬

‫ﻭﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺟﻬﺰ ﺍﳊﻜﻢ ﺃﻣﲑ ﺍﻷﻧﺪﻟﺲ ﺟﻴﺸﺎ ﻣﻊ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﺑﻦ ﻣﻐﻴـﺚ‬
‫ﺇﱃ ﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺞ ﺑﺎﻷﻧﺪﺱ ﻓﺴﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺴﺎﻛﺮ ﺣﱴ ﺩﺧﻞ ﺑﺄﺭﺿﻬﻢ ﻭﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺑﻼﺩﻫﻢ‬
‫ﻓﺨﺮ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﺒﻬﺎ ﻭﻫﺪﻡ ﻋﺪﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺼﻮ‪‬ﺎ ‪،‬ﻛﻠﻤﺎ ﺃﻫﻠﻚ ﻣﻮﺿﻌﺎ ﻭﺻﻞ ﺇﱃ ﻏﲑﻩ‬
‫‪،‬ﻓﺎﺳﺘﻨﻔﺬ ﺧﺰﺍﺋﻦ ﻣﻠﻮﻛﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺭﺃﻯ ﻣﻠﻜﻬﻢ ﻓﻌﻞ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺑـﺒﻼﺩﻫﻢ ﻛﺎﺗـﺐ‬
‫ﻣﻠﻮﻙ ﲨﻴﻊ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺍﺣﻲ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺼﺮﺍ ‪‬ﻢ ﻓﺎﺟﺘﻤﻌﺖ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺮﺍﻧﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ‬
‫ﺃﻭﺏ ﻓﺄﻗﺒﻞ ﰲ ﲨﻮﻉ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﺔ ﺑﺈﺯﺍﺀ ﻋﺴـﻜﺮ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﲔ ﺑﻴﻨـﻬﻢ ‪‬ـﺮ ﻓـﺎﻓﺘﺘﻠﻮﺍ‬
‫ﻗﺘﺎﻻ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﺍ ﻋﺪﺓ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻳﺮﻳﺪﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻌﱪﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺮ ﻭﻫﻢ ﳝﻨﻌﻮﻥ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺭﺃﻯ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺗـﺄﺧﺮﻭﺍ ﻋـﻦ ﺍﻟﻨـﻬﺮ ﻓﻌـﱪﻭﺍ ﺇﻟـﻴﻬﻢ ﻓـﺎﻗﺘﺘﻠﻮﺍ‬

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‫ﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﻗﺘﺎﻝ ﻓﺎ‪‬ﺰﻡ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻛﻮﻥ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺮ ﻓﺄﺧﺬﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻒ ﻭﺍٍﺭ ﻓﻤﻦ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨـﻬﺮ‬
‫ﺳﻠﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﺳﺮ ﲨﺎﻋﺔ ﻣـﻦ ﻛﻨـﻮﺩﻫﻢ ﻭﻣﻠـﻮﻛﻬﻢ ﻭﻗﻤﺎﻣﺼـﺘﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﻋـﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﻔـﺮﻧﺞ‬
‫ﻭﻟﺰﻣﻮﺍ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺮ ﳝﻨﻌﻮﻥ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻓﺒﻘﻮﺍ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﻋﺸﺮ ﻳﻮﻣـﺎ‬
‫ﻳﻘﺘﺘﻠﻮﻥ ﻛﻞ ﻳﻮﻡ ﻓﺠﺎﺀﺕ ﺍﻷﻣﻄﺎﺭ ﻭﺯﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺮ ﻓﺘﻌﺬﺭ ﺟﻮﺍﺯﻩ ﻓﻘﻔـﻞ ﻋﺒـﺪ ﺍﻟﻜـﺮﱘ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﺳﺎﺑﻊ ﺫﻱ ﺍﳊﺠﺔ‪.‬‬

‫‪@ lbnØÛa@åß@‘†bÛa@‡Üa‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﳏﺎﺻﺮﺓ ﻃﻠﻴﻄﻠﺔ )ﺹ ‪(١٦‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺗﺴﻊ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ ﻭﻣﺎﺋﺘﲔ‬

‫ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺳﲑ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳊﻜﻢ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﻱ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻷﻧﺪﻟﺲ ﺟﻴﺸﺎ‬
‫ﻣﻊ ﺃﻣﻴﺔ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳊﻜﻢ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻃﻠﻴﻄﻠﺔ ﻓﺤﺼﺮﻫﺎ ﻭﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻗـﺪ ﺧـﺎﻟﻔﻮﺍ ﺍﳊﻜـﻢ‬
‫ﻭﺧﺮﺟﻮﺍ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻋﺔ ﻭﺍﺷﺘﺪ ﰲ ﺣﺼﺮﻫﻢ ﻭﻗﻄـﻊ ﺃﺷـﺠﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﻭﺃﻫﻠـﻚ ﺯﺭﻭﻋﻬـﻢ‬
‫ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﺬﻋﻨﻮﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻋـﺔ ﻓﺮﺣـﻞ ﻋﻨـﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﻧـﺰﻝ ﺑﻘﻠﻌـﺔ ﺭﺑـﺎﺡ ﺟﻴﺸـﺎ ﻋﻠـﻴﻬﻢ‬
‫ﻣﻴﺴﺮﺓ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺑﻔﱴ ﺃﰊ ﺃﻳﻮﺏ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺃﺑﻌﺪﻭﺍ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺧـﺮﺝ ﲨـﻊ ﻛـﺜﲑ ﻣـﻦ ﺃﻫـﻞ‬
‫ﻃﻠﻴﻄﻠﺔ ﻟﻌﻠﻬﻢ ﳚﺪﻭﻥ ﻓﺮﺻﺔ ﻭﻏﻔﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻴﺴﺮﺓ ﻓﻴﻨﺎﻟﻮﻥ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ‬

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‫ﻏﺮﺿﺎ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻴﺴﺮﺓ ﻗﺪ ﺑﻠﻐﻪ ﺍﳋﱪ ﻓﺠﻌﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﲔ ﰲ ﻣﻮﺍﺿﻊ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻭﺻﻞ ﺃﻫﻞ‬
‫ﻃﻠﻴﻄﻠﺔ ﺇﱃ ﻗﻠﻌﺔ ﺭﺑﺎﺡ ﻟﻠﻐﺎﺭﺓ ﺧﺮﺝ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﲔ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻣـﻦ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺒـﻬﻢ ﻭﻭﺿـﻌﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻒ ﻓﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﺃﻛﺜـﺮﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺘـﻞ ﻭﻋـﺎﺩ ﻣـﻦ ﺳـﻠﻢ ﻣﻨـﻬﺰﻣﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻫـﻞ ﻃﻠﻴﻄﻠـﺔ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﲨﻌﺖ ﺭﺅﻭﺱ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﻠﻰ ﻭﲪﻠﺖ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻴﺴﺮﺓ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺭﺃﻯ ﻛﺜﺮ‪‬ـﺎ ﻋﻈﻤـﺖ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺭﺗﺎﻉ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻭﻭﺟﺪ ﰲ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻏﻤﺎ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﺍ ﻓﻤﺎﺕ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ ﻳﺴﲑﺓ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻼﺀ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻃﻠﻴﻄﻠﺔ )ﺹ ‪(٣٦‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺍﺛﻨﲔ ﻭﻋﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﻣﺎﺋﺘﲔ‬

‫ﻓﺪ ﺫﻛﺮﻧﺎ ﻋﺼﻴﺎﻥ ﺃﻫﻞ ﻃﻠﻴﻄﻠﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟـﺮﲪﻦ ﺑـﻦ ﺍﳊﻜـﻢ ﺑـﻦ ﻫﺸـﺎﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻣﻮﻱ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻷﻧﺪﻟﺲ ﻭﺍﻧﻔﺎﺫ ﺍﳉﻴﻮﺵ ﺇﱃ ﳏﺎﺻـﺮ‪‬ﺎ ﻣـﺮﺓ ﺑﻌـﺪ ﻣـﺮﺓ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺇﺣﺪﻱ ﻭﻋﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﻣﺎﺋﺘﲔ ﺧﺮﺝ ﲨﺎﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﺇﱃ ﻗﻠﻌﺔ ﺭﺑﺎﺡ ﻭ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﻋﺴﻜﺮ ﻟﻌﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﻓﺎﺟﺘﻤﻌﻮﺍ ﻛﻠﻬﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﺼﺮ ﻃﻠﻴﻄﻠﺔ ﻭﺿﻴﻘﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﻭﻗﻄﻌﻮﺍ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﻗﻲ ﻣﺮﺍﻓﻘﻬﻢ ﻭﺍﺷﺘﺪﻭﺍ ﰲ ﳏﺎﺻـﺮ‪‬ﻢ ﻓﺒﻘـﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ ﺩﺧﻠﺖ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺍﺛﻨﺘﲔ ﻭﻋﺸﺮﻳﻦ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﺘﺢ ﻋﻤﻮﺭﻳﺔ )ﺹ ‪(٤٥‬‬

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‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺛﻼﺙ ﻭﻋﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﻣﺎﺋﺘﲔ‬

‫ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺃﺻﺒﺢ ﻭﻛﻞ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﲜﺎﻧﱯ ﺍﻟﺜﻠﻤﺔ ﺃﻣـﺮﻫﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﳛـﺎﺭﺑﻮﺍ ﻭﻗـﺎﻝ ‪ :‬ﺃﺭﻳـﺪ‬
‫ﺍﳋﺮﻭﺝ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﻌﺘﺼﻢ ﲞﺮﺝ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻓﺼﺎﺭ ﺑﲔ ﻳﺪﻳـﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ ﻳﺘﻘـﺪﻣﻮﻥ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺜﻠﻤـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺃﻣﺴﻚ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﺎﻝ ﺣﱴ ﻭﺻﻠﻮﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ ‪ :‬ﻻ ﲣﺸـﻮﺍ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻢ ﻳﺘﻘﺪﻣﻮﻥ ﻭﻭﻧﺪﻭﺍ ﺟﺎﻟﺲ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﳌﻌﺘﺼﻢ ﻓﺄﺭﻛﺒﻪ ﻓﺮﺳﺎ ﻭﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺣـﱴ‬
‫ﺻﺎﺭﻭﺍ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺜﻠﻤﺔ ﻭﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﻫﺎﺏ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﲔ ﻳﺪﻱ ﺍﳌﻌﺘﺼﻢ ﻳﻮﻣﺊ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﲔ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺧﻮﻝ ﻓﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻓﺎﻟﺘﻔﺖ ﻭﻧﺪﻭﺍ ﻭﺿﺮﺏ ﺑﻴﺪﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﳊﻴﺘﻪ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻌﺘﺼﻢ ‪ :‬ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ ‪ :‬ﺟﺌﺖ ﺃﲰﻊ ﻛﻼﻣﻚ ﻓﻐﺪﺭﺕ ﰊ ‪،‬ﻗـﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﻌﺘﺼـﻢ ﻛـﻞ‬
‫ﺷﻲﺀ ﺗﺮﻳﺪﻩ ﻓﻬﻮ ﻟﻚ ﻭﻟﺴﺖ ﺃﺧﺎﻟﻔﻚ ﻗﺎﻝ‪...‬ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﻃﺎﺋﻔـﺔ ﻛـﺒﲑﺓ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻟـﺮﻭﻡ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﻛﻨﻴﺴﺔ ﻛﺒﲑﺓ ﳍﻢ ﻓﺄﺣﺮﻗﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻓﻬﻠﻜﻮﺍ ﻛﻠﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻧـﺎﻃﺲ‬
‫ﰲ ﺑﺮﺟﻪ ﺣﻮﻟﻪ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻛﺐ ﺍﳌﻌﺘﺼﻢ ﻭﻭﻗﻒ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻧﺎﻃﺲ ﻓﻘﻴـﻞ ﻟـﻪ ‪ :‬ﻳـﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺎﻃﺲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺃﻣﲑ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻓﻈﻬﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﱪﺝ ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺳﻴﻒ ﻓﻨﺤﺎﻩ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻭﻧﺰﻝ ﺣـﱴ‬
‫ﻭﻗﻒ ﺑـﲔ ﻳﺪﻳـﻪ ﻓﻀـﺮﺑﻪ ﺳـﻮﻃﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﺳـﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﺘﺼـﻢ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻀـﺮﺑﻪ ﻭﻗـﺎﻝ ﻫـﺎﺗﻮﻩ‬
‫‪،‬ﻓﻤﺸﻰ ﻗﻠﻴﻼ ﻓﺄﻣﺮ ﲝﻤﻠﻪ ﻭﺃﺧﺬ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻒ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﺃﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺑﺎﻷﺳﺮﻯ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﱯ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﻭﺟﻪ ﻓﺄﻣﺮ ﺍﳌﻌﺘﺼﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻌﺰﻝ ﻣﻨـﻬﻢ‬
‫ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻑ ﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻮﺍﻫﻢ ؛ﻭﺃﻣﺮ ﺑﺒﻴﻊ ﺍﳌﻐﺎﱎ ﰲ ﻋﺪ ﻣﻮﺍﺿﻊ ﻓﺒﻴﻊ ﻣﻨـﻬﺎ ﰲ‬
‫ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﲬﺴﺔ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ ﻭﺃﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺎﻗﻲ ﻓﺄﺣﺮﻕ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻻ ﻳﻨﺎﺩﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﻲﺀ ﺃﻛﺜـﺮ ﻣـﻦ‬

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‫ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﺻﻮﺍﺕ ﰒ ﻳﻮﺟﺐ ﺑﻴﻌﻪ ﻃﻠﺒﺎ ﻟﻠﺴﺮﻋﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻨﺎﺩﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻴـﻖ ﲬﺴـﺔ‬
‫ﲬﺴﺔ ‪،‬ﻋﺸﺮﺓ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ ﻃﻠﺒﺎ ﻟﻠﺴﺮﻋﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﳌﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﰲ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ ﺍﳌﻐﺎﱎ –ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﺠﻴﻒ ﻭﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺜﻮﺭ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﳌﻌﺘﺼﻢ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻣـﺎ ﻧـﺬﻛﺮﻩ‪ -‬ﻭﺛـﺐ ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻐﺎﱎ ﻓﺮﻛﺐ ﺍﳌﻌﺘﺼﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﻒ ﰲ ﻳﺪﻩ ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﺭﻛﻀﺎ ﳓﻮﻫﻢ ﻓﺘﻨﺤﻮﺍ ﻋﻨﻪ‬
‫ﻭﻛﻔﻮﺍ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺐ ‪،‬ﻓﺮﺟﻊ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻀﺮﺑﻪ ﻭﺃﻣﺮ ﺑﻌﻤﻮﺭﻳﺔ ﻓﻬـﺪﻣﺖ ﻭﺃﺣﺮﻗـﺖ ‪،‬ﻭﻛـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻧﺰﻭﻟﻪ ﻟﺴﺖ ﺧﻠﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﻗﺎﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻬـﺎ ﲬﺴـﺔ ﻭﲬﺴـﲔ ﻳﻮﻣـﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻓﺮﻕ ﺍﻷﺳﺮﻯ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﺩ ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﳓﻮ ﻃﺮﻃﻮﺱ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛـــﺮ ﻏـــﺰﺍﺓ ﺍﳌﺴـــﻠﻤﲔ ﺑﺎﻷﻧـــﺪﺱ )ﲨـــﻊ ﺍﻟـــﺮﺅﻭﺱ‬
‫ﺃﻛﺪﺍﺳﺎ( )ﺹ ‪(٥٨‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺃﺭﺑﻊ ﻭﻋﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﻣﺎﺋﺘﲔ‪.‬‬

‫ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺳﲑ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒـﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺍﳌﻌـﺮﻭﻑ ﺑـﺎﺑﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﻨﺴـﻲ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻭ ﻓﻮﺻﻠﻮﺍ ﺇﱄ ﺃﹶﻟﻴ‪‬ﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻼﻉ ﻓﺨﺮﺝ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻛﻮﻥ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﰲ ﲨﻌﻬـﻢ ﻭﻛـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ ﺣﺮﺏ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻭﻗﺘـﺎﻝ ﻋﻈـﻴﻢ ‪،‬ﻓـﺎ‪‬ﺰﻡ ﺍﳌﺸـﺮﻛﻮﻥ ﻭﻗﺘـﻞ ﻣﻨـﻬﻢ ﻣـﺎ ﻻ‬
‫ﳛﺼﻰ ﻭﲨﻌﺖ ﺍﻟﺮﺅﻭﺱ ﺃﻛﺪﺍﺳﺎ ﺣﱴ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﺱ ﻻ ﻳﺮﻯ ﻣﻦ ﻳﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ‪.‬‬

‫‪٥٦‬‬

‫ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺧﺮﺝ ﻟﺬﺭﻳﻖ ﰲ ﻋﺴﻜﺮﻩ ﻭﺃﺭﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺳـﺎﱂ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻷﻧـﺪﻟﺲ‬
‫ﻓﺴﺎﺭ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻓﺮﺗﻮﻥ ﺑﻦ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ﰲ ﻋﺴﻜﺮ ﺟﺮﺍﺭ ﻓﻠﻘﻴﻪ ﻭﻗﺎﺗﻠﻪ ﻓﺎ‪‬ﺰﻡ ﻟﺬﺭﻳﻖ ﻭﻛﺜﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺘﻞ ﰲ ﻋﺴﻜﺮﻩ ‪،‬ﻭﺳـﺎﺭ ﻓﺮﺗـﻮﻥ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳊﺼـﻦ ﺍﻟـﺬﻱ ﺑﻨـﺎﻩ ﺃﻫـﻞ ﺃﹶ ﹾﻟﻴ‪‬ـﺔ ﺑـﺈﺯﺍﺀ ﺛـﻮﺭ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻓﺤﺼﺮﻭﻩ ﻭﺍﻓﺘﺘﺤﻪ ﻓﻬﺪﻣﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﻏﺰﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﰲ ﺟﺰﻳﺮﺓ ﺻﻘﻠﻴﺔ )ﺹ ‪(٧٥‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﲦﺎﻥ ﻭﻋﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﻣﺎﺋﺘﲔ‬

‫ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺳﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﻞ ﺑﻦ ﺟﻌﻔـﺮ ﺍﳍﻤـﺪﺍﱐ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﺮ ﻓـﱰﻝ ﻣﺮﺳـﻰ‬
‫ﻣﺴﻴﲏ ﻭﺑﺚ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﺍﻳﺎ ﻓﻐﻨﻤﻮﺍ ﻏﻨﺎﺋﻢ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺄﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻴـﻪ ﺃﻫـﻞ ﻧﺎﺑ‪‬ـﻞ ﻭﺻـﺎﺭﻭﺍ‬
‫ﻣﻌﻪ ﻭﻗﺎﺗﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﻞ ﻣﺪﺓ ﺳﻨﺘﲔ ﻭﺍﺷﺘﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﺎﻝ ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﻘﺪﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺧﺬﻫﺎ ﻓﻤﻀﻰ‬
‫ﻃﺎﺋﻔﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮ ﻭﺳﺘﺪﺍﺭﻭﺍ ﺧﻠﻒ ﺟﺒﻞ ﻣﻄﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨـﺔ ﻓﺼـﻌﺪﻭﺍ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ‬
‫ﻭﻧﺰﻟﻮﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻭﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﺑﻘﺘﺎﻝ ﺟﻌﻔﺮ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻣﻌﻪ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺭﺃﻯ ﺃﻫﻞ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪ ﺃﻥﹼ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺩﺧﻠﻮﺍ ﻋﻠـﻴﻬﻢ ﻣـﻦ ﺧﻠـﻬﻢ ﺍ‪‬ﺰﻣـﻮﺍ ﻭﻓـﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﻠـﺪ ‪،‬ﻭﻓﻴﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻓﺘﺤﺖ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻣﺴﻜﺎﻥ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﰲ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺗﺴﻊ ﻭﻋﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﻣﺎﺋﺘﲔ ﺧﺮﺝ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺍﻷﻏﻠـﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﺒـﺎﺱ ﺑـﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﻀـﻞ ﰲ‬
‫ﺳﺮﻳﺔ ﻓﺒﻠﻎ ﺷﺮﺓ ﻓﻘﺎﺗﻠﻪ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﻗﺘﺎﻻ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﺍ ﻓﺎ‪‬ﺰﻣﺖ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﻭﻗﺘـﻞ ﻣﻨـﻬﻢ ﻣـﺎ‬

‫‪٥٧‬‬

‫ﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ ﺁﻻﻑ ﺭﺟـﻞ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺸـﻬﺪ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﲔ ﺛﻼﺛـﺔ ﻧﻔـﺮ ﻭﱂ ﻳﻜـﻦ‬
‫ﺑﺼﻘﻠﻴﺔ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻣﺜﻠﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﰲ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺃﺭﺑﻊ ﻭﺛﻼﺛﲔ ﺻﺎﱀ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺭﻏﻮﺱ ﻭﺳﻠﻤﻮﺍ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨـﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﲔ ﲟـﺎ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻓﻬﺪﻣﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻭﺃﺧﺬﻭﺍ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺃﻣﻜﻦ ﲪﻠﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﰲ ﺳﻨﺔ ﲬﺲ ﻭﺛﻼﺛﲔ ﺳﺎﺭ ﻃﺎﺋﻔـﺔ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﲔ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺪﻳﻨـﺔ ﻗﹶﺼـﺮﻳﺎﻧﺔ‬
‫ﻓﻐﻨﻤــﻮﺍ ﻭﺳــﻠﺒﻮﺍ ﻭﺃﺣﺮﻗــﻮﺍ ﻭﻗﺘﻠــﻮﺍ ﰲ ﺃﻫﻠــﻬﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﻛــﺎﻥ ﺍﻷﻣــﲑ ﻋﻠــﻰ ﺻــﻔﻠﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑـﻦ ﺍﻷﻏﻠـﺐ ﻓﺘـﻮﰲ ﰲ ﺭﺟـﺐ ﻣـﻦ ﺳـﻨﺔ ﺳـﺖ‬
‫ﻭﺛﻼﺛﲔ ﻭﻣﺎﺋﺘﲔ ﻓﻜـﺎﻥ ﻣﻘﻴﻤـﺎ ﲟﺪﻳﻨـﺔ ﺑﻠـﺮﻡ )ﺑﻠـﺮﻡ ‪ :‬ﺃﻋﻈـﻢ ﻣﺪﻳﻨـﺔ ﰲ ﺟﺰﻳـﺮﺓ‬
‫ﺻﻘﻠﻴﺔ ﰲ ﲝﺮ ﺍﳌﻐﺮﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺎﻃﺊ ﺍﻟﺒﺤـﺮ ‪،‬ﺳـﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺷـﺎﻫﻖ ﻣﻨﻴـﻊ ﻣـﺒﲏ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺍﳊﺠﺮ( ﱂ ﳜﺮﺝ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﳜﺮﺝ ﺍﳉﻴﻮﺵ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺮﺍﻳﺎ ﻓﺘﻔﺘﺢ ﻓﺘﻐـﻨﻢ ﻓﻜﺎﻧـﺖ‬
‫ﺇﻣﺎﺭﺗﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺗﺴﻊ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ ﺳﻨﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﳊـﺮﺏ ﺑـﲔ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﺍﻟﻔـﺮﻧﺞ ﺑﺎﻷﻧـﺪﻟﺲ )ﺹ‬
‫‪(١٢٠‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺃﺭﺑﻊ ﻭﺃﺭﺑﻌﲔ ﻭﻣﺎﺋﺘﲔ‬

‫‪٥٨‬‬

‫ﻭﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﰲ ﺍﶈﺮﻡ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺑﲔ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺞ ﺣﺮﺏ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺑﺎﻷﻧﺪﻟﺲ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﺳﺒﺐ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻥﹼ ﺃﻫﻞ ﻃﻠﻴﻄﻠﺔ ﻛﺎﻧﻮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﺫﻛﺮﻧﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳋﻼﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ‬
‫ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻷﻧﺪﻟﺲ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺑﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻠﻪ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺳﺎﺭ ﳏﻤـﺪ‬
‫ﰲ ﺟﻴﻮﺷﻪ ﺇﱃ ﻃﻠﻴﻄﻠﺔ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﲰﻊ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﺑـﺬﻟﻚ ﺃﺭﺳـﻠﻮﺍ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻠـﻚ ﺟﻠﻴﻔﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻳﺴﺘﻤﺪﻭﻧﻪ ﻭﺇﱃ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺑﺸـﻜﻨﺲ ﻓﺄﻣـﺪﺍﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺴـﺎﻛﺮ ﺍﻟﻜـﺜﲑﺓ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤـﺎ ﲰـﻊ‬
‫ﳏﻤﺪ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻗﺪ ﻗﺎﺭﺏ ﻃﻠﻴﻄﻠﺔ ﻋﱮ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﻭﻗﺪ ﻛﻤﻦ ﳍـﻢ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﻨـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺑﻨﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﺩﻱ ﺳﻠﻴﻂ ﻭﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﻫﻮ ﰲ ﻗﻠﻌﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺴـﻜﺮ ﻓﻠﻤـﺎ ﺭﺃﻯ ﺃﻫـﻞ‬
‫ﻃﻠﻴﻄﻠﺔ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻋﻠﻤﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺞ ﺑﻘﻠﺔ ﻋـﺪﺩﻫﻢ ﻓﺴـﺎﺭﻋﻮﺍ ﺇﱃ ﻗﺘـﺎﳍﻢ ﻭﻃﻤﻌـﻮﺍ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺗﺮﺍﺀﻯ ﺍﳉﻤﻌﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻧﺘﺸﺐ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﺎﻝ ﺧﺮﺟـﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﻨـﺎﺀ ﻣـﻦ ﻛـﻞ ﺟﻬـﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻛﲔ ﻭﺃﻫﻞ ﻃﻠﻴﻄﻠﺔ ﻓﻘﺘﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻣﺎ ﻻ ﳛﺼﻰ ﻭﲨـﻊ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻟـﺮﺅﻭﺱ‬
‫ﲦﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺁﻻﻑ ﺭﺃﺱ ﻓﺮﻗﺖ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﻭﺛﻮﺏ ﺃﻫﻞ ﲪﺺ ﺑﻌﺎﻣﻠﻬﻢ )ﺹ ‪(١٢٢‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺇﺣﺪﻯ ﻭﺃﺭﺑﻌﲔ ﻭﻣﺎﺋﺘﲔ‬

‫ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﻭﺛﺐ ﺃﻫﻞ ﲪـﺺ ﺑﻌﺎﻣﻠـﻬﻢ ﳏﻤـﺪ ﺑـﻦ ﻋﺒﺪﻭﻳـﻪ ﻭﺃﻋـﺎ‪‬ﻢ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻗﻮﻡ ﻣﻦ ﻧﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﲪـﺲ ﻓﻜﺘـﺐ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺘﻮﻛـﻞ ﺑـﺬﻟﻚ ﻓﻜﺘـﺐ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ ﻳـﺄﻣﺮﻩ‬

‫‪٥٩‬‬

‫ﲟﻨﺎﻫﻀﺘﻬﻢ ﻭﺃﻣﺪﻩ ﲜﻨﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻣﺸﻖ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻣﻠﺔ ﻓﻈﻔﺮ ‪‬ﻢ ﻓﻀﺮﺏ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺭﺟﻠﲔ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺭﺅﺳﺎﺋﻬﻢ ﺣﱴ ﻣﺎﺗﺎ ﻭﺻﻠﺒﻬﻤﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﺏ ﲪـﺺ ﻭﺳـﲑ ﲦﺎﻧﻴـﺔ ﺭﺟـﺎﻝ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺃﺷﺮﺍﻓﻬﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺘﻮﻛﻞ ‪،‬ﻭﻇﻔﺮ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺑﻌﺸـﺮﺓ ﺭﺟـﺎﻝ ﻣـﻦ ﺃﻋﻴـﺎ‪‬ﻢ ﻓﻀـﺮﺏ‬
‫ﺃﻋﻨﺎﻗﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﻣﺮﻩ ﺍﳌﺘﻮﻛﻞ ﺑﺈﺧﺮﺍﺝ ﺍﻟﻨﺼـﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻨـﻬﺎ ﻭﻫـﺪﻡ ﻛﻨﺎﺋﺴـﻬﻢ ﻭﺑﺈﺩﺧـﺎﻝ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺇﱃ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻊ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻊ ﻓﻔﻌﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﻏﺰﻭ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺞ ﺑﺎﻷﻧﺪﻟﺲ )ﺹ ‪(١٧٩‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻭﲬﺴﲔ ﻭﻣﺎﺋﺘﲔ‬

‫ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺳﲑ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﻱ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻷﻧﺪﻟﺲ ﺟﻴﺸﺎ‬
‫ﻣﻊ ﺍﺑﻨﻪ ﺍﳌﻨﺬﺭ ﺇﱃ ﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻛﲔ ﰲ ﲨﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻵﺧـﺮﺓ ﻓﺴـﺎﺭﻭﺍ ﻭﻗﺼـﺪﻭﺍ ﺍﳌﻼﺣـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺃﻣﻮﺍﻝ ﻟﺬﺭﻳﻖ ﺑﻨﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﺃﹶﻟﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻼﻉ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻋﻢ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﺑﻼﺩﻫـﻢ ﺑـﺎﳋﺮﺍﺏ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻬﺐ ﲨﻊ ﻟﺬﺭﻳﻖ ﻋﺴﺎﻛﺮﻩ ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﻳﺮﻳﺪﻫﻢ ﻓـﺎﻟﺘﻘﻮﺍ ﲟﻮﺿـﻊ ﻳﻘـﺎﻝ ﻟـﻪ ‪ :‬ﻓـﺞ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺮﻛﻮﻳﻦ ﻭﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺮﻑ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻐﺰﺍﺓ ﻓﺎﻗﺘﻠﻮﺍ ﻓﺎ‪‬ﺰﻡ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻛﻮﻥ ﺇﻻ ﺃ‪‬ـﻢ ﱂ ﻳﺒﻌـﺪﻭﺍ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺟﺘﻤﻌﻮﺍ ‪‬ﻀﺒﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻛﺔ ﻓﺘـﺒﻌﻬﻢ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻭﲪﻠـﻮﺍ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﺍﺷﺘﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﺎﻝ ﻓﻮﱃ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺞ ﻣﻨـﻬﺰﻣﲔ ﻻ ﻳﻠـﻮﻭﻥ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺷـﻲﺀ ﻭﺗـﺒﻌﻬﻢ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻳﻘﺘﻠﻮﻥ ﻭﻳﺄﺳﺮﻭﻥ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﻌﺔ ﺛﺎﱐ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺭﺟﺐ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻣﺎ‬

‫‪٦٠‬‬

‫ﺃﺧﺬ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺅﻭﺱ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻛﲔ ﺃﻟﻔﲔ ﻭﺃﺭﺑﻌﻤﺎﺋﺔ ﻭﺍﺛـﻨﲔ ﻭﺗﺴـﻌﲔ ﺭﺃﺳـﺎ ﻭﻛـﺎﻥ ﻓﺘﺤـﺎ‬
‫ﻋﻈﻴﻤﺎ ﻭﻋﺎﺩ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ‪.‬‬

‫ذآ 
ا 
  )ص ‪(٢٧٩‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺗﺴﻊ ﻭﺳﺒﻌﲔ ﻭﻣﺎﺋﺘﲔ‬

‫ﻭﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺭﺍﺑﻊ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ ‪،‬ﻣﻠـﻚ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﺳﺮﻗﻮﺳـﺔ ﻭﻫـﻲ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﺻﻘﻠﻴﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺳﺒﺐ ﻣﻠﻜﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺟﻌﻔﺮ ﺑﻦ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺃﻣـﲑ ﺻـﻘﻠﻴﺔ ﻏﺰﺍﻫـﺎ‬
‫ﻓﺄﻓﺴﺪ ﺯﺭﻋﻬﺎ ﻭﺯﺭﻕ ﻗﻄﺎﻧﻴﺔ ‪،‬ﻃﱪﻣﲔ ‪،‬ﻭﺭﻣﻄﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﻏﲑﻫﺎ ﻣـﻦ ﺑـﻼﺩ ﺻـﻘﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟـﱵ‬
‫ﺑﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﻭﻧﺎﺯﻝ ﺳﺮﻗﻮﺳﺔ ﻭﺣﺼﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍ ﻭﲝﺮﺍ ﻭﻣﻠـﻚ ﺑﻌـﺾ ﺃﺭﺑﺎﺿـﻬﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﻭﺻـﻞ‬
‫ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺐ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﳒﺪ ﳍﺎ ﻓﺴﲑ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﺳﻄﻮﻻ ﻓﺄﺻﺎﺑﻮﻫﺎ ﻓﺘﻤﻜﻨﻮﺍ ﻣـﻦ ﺣﺼـﺮﻫﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﺄﻗﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮ ﳏﺎﺻﺮﺍ ﳍﺎ ﺗﺴﻌﺔ ﺃﺷﻬﺮ ﻭﻓﺘﺤﺖ ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﻋﺪﺓ ﺃﻟﻮﻑ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺻﻴﺐ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻐﻨﺎﺋﻢ ﻣﺎ ﱂ ﻳﺼﺐ ﲟﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻭﱂ ﻳـﻨﺞ ﻣـﻦ ﺭﺟﺎﳍـﺎ ﺇﻻ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺫ ﺍﻟﻔﺬ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﻗﺎﻣﻮﺍ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ ﺑﻌـﺪ ﻓﺘﺤﻬـﺎ ﺷـﻬﺮﻳﻦ ﰒ ﻫـﺪﻣﻮﻫﺎ ‪،‬ﰒ ﻭﺻـﻞ ﺑﻌـﺪ‬
‫ﻫﺪﻣﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻄﻨﻄﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﺃﺳﻄﻮﻝ ﻓـﺎﻟﺘﻘﻮﺍ ﻫـﻢ ﻭﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻓﻈﻔـﺮ ‪‬ـﻢ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ‪.‬‬

‫‪٦١‬‬

‫‪@ lbnØÛa@åß@ÉibÛa@‡Üa‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﺑﲔ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ )ﺹ ‪(٣٦-٣٥‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﲬﺲ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ ﻭﺛﻼﲦﺎﺋﺔ‬

‫ﻃ ‪‬ﺮﺳ‪‬ﻮﺱ ﺇﱃ ﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﻓﻮﻗﻊ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻭ‪‬‬
‫ﺳ ِﺮﻳ‪‬ﺔ ﻣﻦ ﹶ‬
‫ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺧﺮﺟﺖ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﺎﻗﺘﺘﻠﻮﺍ ﻓﺎﺳﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﻭﺃﺳﺮﻭﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﻤﺎﺋﺔ ﺭﺟـﻞ ﻓﻘﹸﺘﻠـﻮﺍ ﺻـﱪﺍ‪.‬‬
‫ﺴﺘ‪‬ﻖ ﰲ ﺟﻴﺶ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺩ‪‬ﺑﻴﻞ ﻭﻓﻴﻬـﺎ ﻧﺼـﺮ‬
‫ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺳﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺪ‪ ‬ﻣ ‪‬‬
‫ﺴﺒ‪‬ﻜﻲ‪ ‬ﰲ ﻋﺴﻜﺮ ﳛﻤﻴﻬﺎ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻣ‪‬ﺴﺘ‪‬ﻖ ﺩ‪‬ﺑﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻭﳎﺎﻧﻴﻖ ﻣﻌـﻪ ﻣِـﺰﺭﺍﻕ‬
‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬
‫ﻳﺰﺭﻕ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻋﺪ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﺛﲎ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻓﻼ ﻳﻘﺮ ﺑﲔ ﻳﺪﻳﻪ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺪ‪‬ﺓ ﻧـﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﺍﺗ‪‬ﺼـﺎﻟﻪ‬
‫ﻓﻜﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺷﺪ‪ ‬ﺷﻲﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﲔ‪ .‬ﻭﻛـﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﻣـﻲ ﺑـﻪ ﻣﺒﺎﺷـ ‪‬ﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺘـﺎﻝ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺃﺷﺠﻌﻬﻢ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻩ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺑﺴﻬﻢ ﻓﻘﺘﻠﻪ ﻭﺃﺭﺍﺡ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﻣﺴﺘﻖ‬
‫ﳚﻠﺲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﺮﺳﻲ ﻋﺎﻝٍ ﻳﺸﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻠـﺪ ﻭﻋﻠـﻰ ﻋﺴـﻜﺮﻩ ﻓـﺄﻣﺮﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺘـﺎﻝ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺮﺍﻩ ﻓﺼﱪ ﻟﻪ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻠـﺪ ﻭﻫـﻮ ﻣـﻼﺯﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﺘـﺎﻝ ﺣـﱴ ﻭﺻـﻠﻮﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺳـﻮﺭ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻓﻨﻘﺒﻮﺍ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻧﻘﻮﺑﺎ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ ﻭﺩﺧﻠﻮﺍ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻓﻘﺎﺗﻠﻬﻢ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻦ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮ ﻗﺘﺎﻻ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﺍ ﻓﺎﻧﺘﺼﺮ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻭﺃﺧﺮﺟﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﻣﻨـﻬﺎ ﻭﻗﺘﻠـﻮﺍ ﻣﻨـﻬﻢ‬
‫ﻃ ‪‬ﺮﺳ‪‬ـﻮﺱ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻟﻐـﺰﺍﺓ‬
‫ﳓﻮ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ ﺁﻻﻑ ﺭﺟﻞ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺫﻱ ﺍﻟﻘﻌﺪﺓ ﻋﺎﺩ ﲦـﻞ ﺇﱃ ﹶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺋﻔﺔ ﺳﺎﳌﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻦ ﻣﻌﻪ ﻓﻠﻘﻮﺍ ﲨﻌﺎ ﻛﺜﲑﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﻓـﺎﻗﺘﺘﻠﻮﺍ ﻓﺎﻧﺘﺼـﺮ‬

‫‪٦٢‬‬

‫ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﻗﺘﻠﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﻛﺜﲑﺍ ﻭﻏﻨﻤﻮﺍ ﻣﺎ ﻻ ﳛﺼﻰ‪ .‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﲨﻠﺔ‬
‫ﻣﺎ ﻏﻨﻤﻮﺍ ﺃﻧ‪‬ﻬﻢ ﺫﲝﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻐﻨﻢ ﰲ ﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﺛﻼﲦﺎﺋﺔ ﺃﻟﻒ ﺭﺃﺱ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻣﺎ ﺳـﻠﻢ‬
‫ﻣﻌﻬﻢ ﻭﻟﻘﻴﻬﻢ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ﺑﺎﺑﻦ ﺍﻟﻀﺤ‪‬ﺎﻙ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺅﺳـﺎﺀ ﺍﻷﻛـﺮﺍﺩ ﻭﻛـﺎﻥ ﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺣﺼﻦ ﻳ‪‬ﻌﺮﻑ ﺑﺎﳉﻌﻔﺮﻱ‪ ‬ﻓﺎﺭﺗﺪ‪ ‬ﻋﻦ ﺍﻹﺳـﻼﻡ ﻭﺻـﺎﺭ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻠـﻚ ﺍﻟـﺮﻭﻡ ﻓـﺄﺟﺰﻝ ﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻄﻴﺔ ﻭﺃﻣﺮﻩ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻮﺩ ﺇﱃ ﺣﺼﻨﻪ ﻓﻠﻘﻴﻪ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻓﻘـﺎﺗﻠﻮﻩ ﻓﺄﺳـﺮﻭﻩ ﻭﻗﺘﻠـﻮﺍ‬
‫ﻛﻞﹼ ﻣ‪‬ﻦ ﻣﻌﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﺑﲔ ﻫﺎﺭﻭﻥ ﻭﻋﺴﻜﺮ ﻣﺮﺩﺍﻭﻳﺞ )ﺹ ‪(٦٦-٦٥‬‬
‫ﻗﺪ ﺫﻛﺮﻧﺎ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺗﻘﺪ‪‬ﻡ ﻗﺘﻞ ﺃﺳﻔﺎﺭ ﻭﻣﻠـﻚ ﻣـﺮﺩﺍﻭﻳﺞ ﻭﺃﻧ‪‬ـﻪ ﺍﺳـﺘﻮﱃ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺑﻠـﺪ‬
‫ﺍﳉﺒﻞ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺮﻱ‪ ‬ﻭﻏﲑﳘﺎ ﻭﺃﻗﺒﻠﺖ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻳﻠﻢ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺬﻟـﻪ ﻭﺇﺣﺴـﺎﻧﻪ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺟﻨﺪﻩ ﻓﻌﻈﻤﺖ ﺟﻴﻮﺷﻪ ﻭﻛﺜﺮﺕ ﻋﺴﺎﻛﺮﻩ ﻭﻛﺜﺮ ﺍﳋﺮﺝ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﻜﻔـﻪ ﻣـﺎ ﰲ‬
‫ﻳﺪﻩ ﻓﻔﺮ‪‬ﻕ ﻧﻮ‪‬ﺍﺑﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺍﺣﻲ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﻭﺭﺓ ﻟﻪ‪ .‬ﻓﻜﺎﻥ ﳑﻦ ﺳﻴ‪‬ﺮﻩ ﺇﱃ ﳘﺬﺍﻥ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺃﺧﺖ ﻟﻪ‬
‫ﰲ ﺟﻴﺶ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﺑـﻮ ﻋﺒـﺪ ﺍﷲ ﳏﻤـﺪ ﺑـﻦ ﺧﻠـﻒ ﰲ ﻋﺴـﻜﺮ ﺍﳋﻠﻴﻔـﺔ‬
‫ﻓﺘﺤﺎﺭﺑﻮﺍ ﺣﺮﻭﺑﺎ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ ﻭﺃﻋﺎﻥ ﺃﻫﻞ ﳘـﺬﺍﻥ ﻋﺴـﻜﺮ ﺍﳋﻠﻴﻔـﺔ ﻓﻈﻔـﺮﻭﺍ ﺑﺎﻟـﺪﻳﻠﻢ‬
‫ﻭﻗﹸﺘﻞ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺃﺧـﺖ ﻣـﺮﺩﺍﻭﻳﺞ ﻓﺴـﺎﺭ ﻣـﺮﺩﺍﻭﻳﺞ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻟـﺮ‪‬ﻱ ﺇﱃ ﳘـﺬﺍﻥ ﻓﻠﻤـﺎ ﲰـﻊ‬
‫ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺍﳋﻠﻴﻔﺔ ﲟﺴﲑﻩ ﺍ‪‬ﺰﻣﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﳘﺬﺍﻥ ﻓﺠﺎﺀ ﺇﱃ ﳘﺬﺍﻥ ﻭﻧﺰﻝ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺑـﺎﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺳﺪ ﻓﺘﺤﺼ‪‬ﻦ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﻓﻘﺎﺗﻠﻬﻢ ﻓﻈﻔﺮ ‪‬ﻢ ﻭﻗﺘـﻞ ﻣﻨـﻬﻢ ﺧﻠﻘـﺎ ﻛـﺜﲑﺍ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺣﺮﻕ ﻭﺳﱮ ﰒ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻒ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﺃﻣ‪‬ﻦ ﺑﻘﻴﺘﻬﻢ‪ .‬ﻓﺄﻧﻔـﺬ ﺍﳌﻘﺘـﺪﺭ ﻫـﺎﺭﻭﻥﹶ ﺑـﻦ‬

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‫ﻏﺮﻳﺐ ﺍﳋﺎﻝ ﰲ ﻋﺴﺎﻛﺮ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ ﺇﱃ ﳏﺎﺭﺑﺘﻪ ﻓـﺎﻟﺘﻘﻮﺍ ﺑﻨـﻮﺍﺣﻲ ﳘـﺬﺍﻥ ﻓـﺎﻗﺘﺘﻠﻮﺍ‬
‫ﻗﺘﺎﻻ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﺍ ﻓﺎ‪‬ﺰﻡ ﻫﺎﺭﻭﻥ ﻭﻋﺴﻜﺮ ﺍﳋﻠﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻮﱃ ﻣﺮﺩﺍﻭﻳﺞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑـﻼﺩ ﺍﳉﺒـﻞ‬
‫ﲨﻴﻌﻬﺎ ﻭﻣﺎ ﻭﺭﺍﺀ ﳘﺬﺍﻥ ﻭﺳﻴ‪‬ﺮ ﻗﺎﺋﺪﺍ ﻛـﺒﲑﺍ ﻣـﻦ ﺃﺻـﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﻳ‪‬ﻌـﺮﻑ ﺑـﺎﺑﻦ ﻋـﻼﹼﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘــﺰﻭﻳﲏ‪ ‬ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟ ـﺪ‪‬ﻳﻨ‪‬ﻮﺭ ﻓﻔﺘﺤﻬــﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺴــﻴﻒ ﻭﻗﺘــﻞ ﻛــﺜﲑﺍ ﻣــﻦ ﺃﻫﻠــﻬﺎ ﻭﺑﻠﻐــﺖ‬
‫ﻋﺴﺎﻛﺮﻩ ﺇﱃ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻲ ﺣ‪‬ﻠﻮﺍﻥ ﻓﻐﻨﻤـﺖ ﻭ‪‬ﺒـﺖ ﻭﻗﺘﻠـﺖ ﻭﺳـﺒﺖ ﺍﻷﻭﻻﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺴـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻭﻋﺎﺩﻭﺍ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﳊﺮﻭﺏ ﺑﲔ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ )ﺹ ‪(٧٠-٦٩‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺗﺴﻊ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ ﻭﺛﻼﲦﺎﺋﺔ‬

‫ﻃ ‪‬ﺮﺳ‪‬ـﻮﺱ ﺑـﻼﺩ ﺍﻟـﺮﻭﻡ ﻓﻌـﱪ ‪‬ـﺮﺍ‬
‫ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﰲ ﺭﺑﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﻭ‪‬ﻝ ﻏﺰﺍ ﲦﻞ ﻭﺍﱄ ﹶ‬
‫ﻭﻧﺰﻝ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺛﻠﺞ‪ ‬ﺇﱃ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺍﳋﻴﻞ ﻭﺃﺗﺎﻫﻢ ﲨـﻊ ﻛـﺜﲑ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻟـﺮﻭﻡ ﻓﻮﺍﻗﻌـﻮﻫﻢ‬
‫ﻓﻨﺼﺮ ﺍﷲ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻓﻘﺘﻠﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﺳـﺘﻤﺎﺋﺔ ﻭﺃﺳـﺮﻭﺍ ﳓـﻮﺍ ﻣـﻦ ﺛﻼﺛـﺔ ﺁﻻﻑ‬
‫ﻭﻏﻨﻤﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻫﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻀﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻳﺒﺎﺝ ﻭﻏﲑﻩ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﻛﺜﲑﺍ‪.‬‬

‫ﻃ ‪‬ﺮﺳ‪‬ﻮﺱ ﻭﺩﺧﻞ ﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﺻﺎﺋﻔﺔ ﰲ ﲨﻊ ﻛـﺜﲑ‬
‫ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺭﺟﺐ ﻋﺎﺩ ﲦﻞ ﺇﱃ ﹶ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﺱ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺍﺟﻞ ﻓﺒﻠﻐﻮﺍ ﻋﻤﻮﺭﻳـﺔ ﻭﻛـﺎﻥ ﻗـﺪ ﲡﻤـﻊ ﺇﻟﻴﻬـﺎ ﻛـﺜﲑ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻟـﺮﻭﻡ‬
‫ﻓﻔﺎﺭﻗﻮﻫﺎ ﳌﺎ ﲰﻌﻮﺍ ﺧﱪ ﲦﻞ ﻭﺩﺧﻠﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻓﻮﺟـﺪﻭﺍ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﺘﻌـﺔ‬

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‫ﻭﺍﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﻓﺄﺧﺬﻭﻩ ﻭﺃﺣﺮﻗﻮﺍ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻋﻤ‪‬ﺮﻭﻩ ﻣﻨـﻬﺎ ﻭﺃﻭﻏﻠـﻮﺍ ﰲ ﺑـﻼﺩ ﺍﻟـﺮﻭﻡ‬
‫ﻳﻨﻬﺒﻮﻥ ﻭﻳﻘﺘﻠﻮﻥ ﻭﳜﺮ‪‬ﺑﻮﻥ ﺣﱴ ﺑﻠﻐـﻮﺍ ﺃﻧﻘـﺮﺓ ﻭﻫـﻲ ﺍﻟـﱵ ﺗﺴـﻤ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺃﻧﻜﻮﺭﻳـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻋﺎﺩﻭﺍ ﺳﺎﳌﲔ ﱂ ﻳﻠﻘﻮﺍ ﻛﻴﺪﺍ ﻓﺒﻠﻐﺖ ﻗﻴﻤـﺔ ﺍﻟﺴـﱯ ﻣﺎﺋـﺔ ﺃﻟـﻒ ﺩﻳﻨـﺎﺭ ﻭﺳـﺘﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺛﻼﺛﲔ ﺃﻟﻒ ﺩﻳﻨﺎﺭ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻭﺻﻮﳍﻢ ﺇﱃ ﻃﺮﺳﻮﺱ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻛﺎﺗﺐ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻳﺮﺍﱐﹼ ﻭﻏـﲑﻩ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻷﺭﻣـﻦ ﻭﻫـﻢ ﺑـﺄﻃﺮﺍﻑ ﺃﺭﻣﻴﻨﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟـﺮﻭﻡ‬
‫ﻭﺣﺜﻮﻫﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻭﻭﻋﺪﻭﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﺼـﺮﺓ ﻓﺴـﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻟـﺮﻭﻡ ﰲ ﺧﻠـﻖ‬
‫ﻛﺜﲑ ﻓﺨﺮ‪‬ﺑﻮﺍ ﺑ‪‬ﺰﻛﺮﻯ ﻭﺑﻼﺩ ﺧﻼﻁ ﻭﻣﺎ ﺟﺎﻭﺭﻫـﺎ ﻭﻗﹸﺘـﻞ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﲔ ﺧﻠـﻖ ﻛـﺜﲑ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺳﺮﻭﺍ ﻛﺜﲑﺍ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻓﺒﻠﻎ ﺧﱪﻫﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﻔﻠﺤﺎ ﻏﻼﻡ ﻳﻮﺳﻒ ﺑﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺝ ﻭﻫـﻮ ﻭﺍﱄ‬
‫ﺃﺫﺭﺑﻴﺠــﺎﻥ ﻓﺴــﺎﺭ ﰲ ﻋﺴــﻜﺮ ﻛــﺒﲑ ﻭﺗﺒﻌــﻪ ﻛــﺜﲑ ﻣــﻦ ﺍﳌﺘﻄﻮ‪‬ﻋــﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺃﺭﻣﻴﻨﻴــﺔ‬
‫ﻓﻮﺻﻠﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ ﻭﻗﺼﺪ ﺑﻠﺪ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺍﻟـﺪﻳﺮﺍﱐ ﻭﻣـﻦ ﻭﺍﻓﻘـﻪ ﳊﺮﺑـﻪ ﻭﻗﺘـﻞ ﺃﻫﻠـﻪ‬
‫ﻭ‪‬ﺐ ﺃﻣﻮﺍﳍﻢ ﻭﲢﺼ‪‬ﻦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﺮﺍﱐ ﺑﻘﻠﻌﺔ ﻟﻪ ﻭﺑﺎﻟﻎ ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ ﰲ ﻛﺜـﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺭﻣﻦ ﺣﺘ‪‬ﻰ ﻗﻴﻞ ﺇ‪‬ﻢ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ ﺃﻟﻒ ﻗﺘﻴﻞ ﻭﺍﷲ ﺃﻋﻠﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﺳـﺎﺭﺕ ﻋﺴـﺎﻛﺮ‬
‫ﺳﻤ‪‬ﻴﺴﺎﻁ ﻓﺤﺼﺮﻭﻫﺎ ﻓﺎﺳﺘﺼﺮﺥ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﺑﺴﻌﻴﺪ ﺑـﻦ ﺣ‪‬ﻤـﺪﺍﻥ ﻭﻛـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﺇﱃ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻘﺘﺪﺭ ﻗﺪ ﻭﻻﹼﻩ ﺍﳌﻮﺻـﻞ ﻭﺩﻳـﺎﺭ ﺭﺑﻴﻌـﺔ ﻭﺷـﺮﻁ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ﻏـﺰﻭ ﺍﻟـﺮﻭﻡ ﻭﺃﻥ ﻳﺴـﺘﻨﻘﺬ‬
‫‪‬ﻣ ﹶﻠﻄﹾﻴﺔ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﻗﺪ ﺿﻌﻔﻮﺍ ﻓﺼﺎﳊﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﻭﺳﻠﹼﻤﻮﺍ ﻣﻔﺎﺗﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﻠـﺪ‬
‫ﺳﻤ‪‬ﻴﺴـﺎﻁ ﺇﱃ ﺳـﻌﻴﺪ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﻓﺤﻜﻤﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻓﻠﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺃﻫـﻞ ‪‬‬
‫ﺑﻦ ﲪﺪﺍﻥ ﲡﻬ‪‬ﺰ ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﻣﺴﺮﻋﺎ ﻓﻮﺻﻞ ﻭﻗﺪ ﻛﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﻳﻔﺘﺤﻮ‪‬ـﺎ ﻓﻠﻤ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺎﺭ‪‬ﻢ ﻫﺮﺑﻮﺍ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺇﱃ ‪‬ﻣﻠﹶﻄﻴﺔ ﻭ‪‬ﺎ ﲨﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟـﺮﻭﻡ ﻭﻣـﻦ ﻋﺴـﻜﺮ‬

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‫ﻣﻠﻴﺢ ﺍﻷﺭﻣﲏ‪ ‬ﻭﻣﻌﻬﻢ ﺑﲏ‪ ‬ﺑﻦ ﻧﻔﻴﺲ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﳌﻘﺘﺪﺭ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻨﺼ‪‬ﺮ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣـﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﻓﻠﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﺣﺴ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﺑﺈﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺧﺮﺟﻮﺍ ﻣﻨـﻬﺎ ﻭﺧـﺎﻓﻮﺍ ﺃﻥ ﻳـﺄﺗﻴﻬﻢ ﺳـﻌﻴﺪ ﰲ‬
‫ﻋﺴﻜﺮﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨـﺔ ﻭﻳﺜـﻮﺭ ﺃﻫﻠـﻬﺎ ‪‬ـﻢ ﻓﻴﻬﻠﻜـﻮﺍ ﻓﻔﺎﺭﻗﻮﻫـﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺩﺧﻠـﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﰒﹼ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﻠﻒ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﻣﲑﺍ ﻭﻋﺎﺩ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻓﺪﺧﻞ ﺑﻠـﺪ ﺍﻟـﺮﻭﻡ ﻏﺎﺯﻳـﺎ ﰲ ﺷـﻮ‪‬ﺍﻝ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺪ‪‬ﻡ ﺑﲔ ﻳﺪﻳﻪ ﺳ‪‬ﺮﻳ‪‬ﺘﲔ ﻓﻘﺘﻠﺘﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﺧﻠﻘﺎ ﻛﺜﲑﺍ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺩﺧﻮﻟﻪ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﻓـﺘﺢ ﻃـﱪﻣﲔ ﻣـﻦ ﺻـﻘﻠﻴﺔ )ﺍﺳـﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻗﻄـﻊ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻴﺎﻩ ﻛﻮﺳﻴﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﺤﺮﻭﺏ ﻭﺇﺧﺮﺍﺝ ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ ﻣـﻦ ﺑﻠـﺪﻫﻢ(‬
‫)ﺹ ‪(٢٧٦-٢٧٥‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺇﺣﺪﻯ ﻭﲬﺴﲔ ﻭﺛﻼﲦﺎﺋﺔ‬

‫ﻭﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺳﺎﺭﺕ ﺟﻴﻮﺵ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺑﺼﻘﻠﻴﺔ ﻭﺃﻣﲑﻫـﻢ ﺣﻴﻨﺌـﺬ ﺃﲪـﺪ‬
‫ﺍﺑﻦ ﺍﳊﺴﻦ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺍﳊﺴﲔ ﺇﱃ ﻗﻠﻌﺔ ﻃﱪﻣﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺻﻘﻠﻴﺔ ﺃﻳﻀـﺎ ﻭﻫـﻲ‬
‫ﺑﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﻓﺤﺼﺮﻭﻫﺎ ﻭﻫﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﻨﻊ ﺍﳊﺼﻮﻥ ﻭﺃﺷﺪﻫﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﲔ ﻓـﺎﻣﺘﻨﻊ‬
‫ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﻭﺩﺍﻡ ﺍﳊﺼﺎﺭ ﻋﻠـﻴﻬﻢ ﻓﻠﻤـﺎ ﺭﺃﻯ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﺫﻟـﻚ ﻋﻤـﺪﻭﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌـﺎﺀ ﺍﻟـﺬﻱ‬
‫ﻳﺪﺧﻠﻬﺎ ﻓﻘﻄﻌﻮﻩ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﺃﺟﺮﻭﻩ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻓﻌﻈـﻢ ﺍﻷﻣـﺮ ﻋﻠـﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﻃﻠﺒـﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻥ ﻓﻠﻢ ﳚﺎﺑﻮﺍ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﺩﻭﺍ ﻭﻃﻠﺒﻮﺍ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺆﻣﻨﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺩﻣـﺎﺋﻬﻢ ﻭﻳﻜﻮﻧـﻮﺍ ﺭﻗﻴﻘـﺎ‬

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‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴــﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﺃﻣــﻮﺍﳍﻢ ﻓﻴﺌــﺎ ﻓــﺄﺟﻴﺒﻮﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺫﻟــﻚ ﻭﺃﺧﺮﺟــﻮﺍ ﻣــﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻠــﺪ ﻭﻣﻠﻜــﻪ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺫﻱ ﺍﻟﻘﻌﺪﺓ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻣﺪﺓ ﺍﳊﺼـﺎﺭ ﺳـﺒﻌﺔ ﺃﺷـﻬﺮ ﻭﻧﺼـﻔﺎ ﻭﺃﺳـﻜﻨﺖ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻌـﺔ ﻧﻔـﺮﺍ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﲰﻴﺖ ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻳﺔ ﻧﺴـﺒﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﻌـﺰ ﺍﻟﻌﻠـﻮﻱ ﺻـﺎﺣﺐ ﺇﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴـﺔ ﻭﺳـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺟﻴﺶ ﺇﱃ ﺭﻣﻄﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺍﳊﺴﻦ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﺎﺭ ﻓﺤﺼـﺮﻭﻫﺎ ﻭﺿـﻴﻘﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻴﻬـﺎ ﻓﻜـﺎﻥ ﻣـﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺬﻛﺮﻩ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺛﻼﺙ ﻭﲬﺴﲔ ﻭﺛﻼﲦﺎﺋﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﺑﺼﻘﻠﻴﺔ ﺑﲔ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ )ﺗﻌﻄﻴﺶ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺣﱴ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳍﻼﻙ( )ﺹ ‪(٢٣٩‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﲔ ﻭﺛﻼﲦﺎﺋﺔ‬

‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﻨﺼﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻱ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺇﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺔ ﻗـﺪ ﺍﺳـﺘﻌﻤﻞ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺻـﻘﻠﻴﺔ ﺳـﻨﺔ‬
‫ﺳﺖ ﻭﺛﻼﺛﲔ ﻭﺛﻼﲦﺎﺋﺔ ﺍﳊﺴﻦ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺍﳊﺴﲔ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﱯ ﻓﺪﺧﻠﻬﺎ ﻭﺍﺳـﺘﻘﺮ‬
‫‪‬ــﺎ ﻛﻤــﺎ ﺫﻛﺮﻧــﺎﻩ ﻭﻏــﺰﺍ ﺍﻟــﺮﻭﻡ ﺍﻟــﺬﻳﻦ ‪‬ــﺎ ﻋــﺪﺓ ﻏــﺰﻭﺍﺕ ﻓﺎﺳــﺘﻤﺪﻭﺍ ﻣﻠــﻚ‬
‫ﻗﺴﻄﻨﻄﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻓﺴﲑ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﺟﻴﺸﺎ ﻛﺜﲑﺍ ﻓﱰﻟﻮﺍ ﺃﺫﺭﻧﺖ ﻓﺄﺭﺳﻞ ﺍﳊﺴﻦ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻠـﻲ‬
‫ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﻨﺼﻮﺭ ﻳﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺍﳊﺎﻝ ﻓﺴﲑ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺟﻴﺸـﺎ ﻛﺜﻴﻔـﺎ ﻣـﻊ ﺧﺎﺩﻣـﻪ ﻓـﺮﺡ ﻓﺠﻤـﻊ‬
‫ﺍﳊﺴﻦ ﺟﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺻﻠﲔ ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﺇﱃ ﺭﻳﻮ ﻭﺑﺚ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﺍﻳﺎ ﰲ ﺃﺭﺽ ﻗﻠﻮﺭﻳﺔ ﻭﺣﺎﺻـﺮ‬

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‫ﺍﳊﺴﻦ ﺟﺮﺍﺟﺔ ﺃﺷﺪ ﺣﺼﺎﺭ ﻓﺄﺷﺮﻑ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﳍـﻼﻙ ﻣـﻦ ﺷـﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻄـﺶ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﱂ ﻳﺒﻖ ﺇﻻ ﺃﺧﺬﻫﺎ ﻓﺄﺗﺎﻩ ﺍﳋﱪ ﺃﻥ ﻋﺴﻜﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﻭﺍﺻﻞ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻓﻬﺎﺩﻥ ﺃﻫـﻞ ﺟﺮﺍﺟـﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎﻝ ﻳﺆﺩﻭﻧﻪ ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﲰﻌﻮﺍ ﺑﻘﺮﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺍ‪‬ﺰﻣﻮﺍ ﺑﻐﲑ ﻗﺘـﺎﻝ‬
‫ﻭﺗﺮﻛﻮﺍ ﺃﺫﺭﻧﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻧﺰﻝ ﺍﳊﺴﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﻠﻌﺔ ﻗﺴﺎﻧﺔ ﻭﺑﺚ ﺳﺮﺍﻳﺎﻩ ﺗﻨﻬﺐ ﻓﺼﺎﳊﻪ ﺃﻫﻞ‬
‫ﻗﺴﺎﻧﺔ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻣـﺎﻝٍ ﻭﱂ ﻳـﺰﻝ ﻛـﺬﻟﻚ ﺇﱃ ﺷـﻬﺮ ﺫﻱ ﺍﳊﺠـﺔ ﻭﻛـﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﺼـﺎﻑ ﺑـﲔ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﻋﺴﻜﺮ ﻗﺴﻄﻨﻄﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻣﻌﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟـﺮﻭﻡ ﺍﻟـﺬﻳﻦ ﺑﺼـﻘﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻴﻠـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺿﺤﻰ ﻭﺍﻗﺘﺘﻠﻮﺍ ﻭﺍﺷﺘﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﺎﻝ ﻓـﺎ‪‬ﺰﻡ ﺍﻟـﺮﻭﻡ ﻭﺭﻛﺒـﻬﻢ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻳﻘﺘﻠـﻮﻥ‬
‫ﻭﻳﺄﺳﺮﻭﻥ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ ‪،‬ﻭﻏﻨﻤﻮﺍ ﲨﻴﻊ ﺃﺛﻘﺎﳍﻢ ﻭﺳﻼﺣﻬﻢ ﻭﺩﻭﺍ‪‬ﻢ ﻭﺳﲑ ﺍﻟـﺮﺅﻭﺱ‬
‫ﺇﱃ ﻣﺪﺍﺋﻦ ﺻـﻘﻠﻴﺔ ﻭﺇﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴـﺔ ﻭﺣﺼـﺮ ﺍﳊﺴـﻦ ﺟﺮﺍﺟـﺔ ﻓﺼـﺎﳊﻮﻩ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻣـﺎﻝ‬
‫ﳛﻤﻠﻮﻧﻪ ﻭﺭﺟﻊ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﺳﲑ ﺳﺮﻳﺔ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺑﻄﺮﻗﻮﻗﺔ ﻓﻔﺘﺤﻮﻫﺎ ﻭﻏﻨﻤـﻮﺍ ﻣـﺎ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻭﱂ ﻳﺰﻝ ﺍﳊﺴﻦ ﲜﺰﻳﺮﺓ ﺻﻘﻠﻴﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺇﺣﺪﻯ ﻭﺃﺭﺑﻌـﲔ ﻓﻤـﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻨﺼـﻮﺭ‬
‫ﻓﺴﺎﺭ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺇﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﺗﺼﻞ ﺑﺎﳌﻌﺰ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳌﻨﺼﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﺳـﺘﺨﻠﻒ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺻـﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﺑﻨﻪ ﺃﺑﺎ ﺍﳊﺴﲔ ﺃﲪﺪ‪.‬‬

‫‪@ lbnØÛa@åß@åßbrÛa@‡Üa‬‬

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‫ﺫﻛــﺮ ﻋــﻮﺩ ﺍﳌﺆﻳــﺪ ﺇﱃ ﺇﻣــﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻷﻧــﺪﻟﺲ ﻭﻣــﺎ ﻛــﺎﻥ ﻣﻨــﻪ‬
‫)ﲡﻮﻳﻊ ﺃﻫﻞ ﻗﺮﻃﺒﺔ ﻭﻗﺘﻠـﻬﻢ ﲟـﺎ ﻻ ﳛﺼـﻰ( )ﺹ ‪-٥٧‬‬
‫‪(٥٩‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﻤﺎﺋﺔ‬

‫ﻗﺪ ﺫﻛﺮﻧﺎ ﺳﺒﺐ ﺧﻠﻌﻪ ﻭﺣﺒﺴﻪ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻛـﺎﻥ ﻫـﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴـﻨﺔ ﺃﻋﻴـﺪ ﺇﱃ ﺧﻼﻓﺘـﻪ‬
‫ﻭﺍﲰﻪ ﻫﺸﺎﻡ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳊﺎﻛﻢ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻮﺩﻩ ﺗﺎﺳﻊ ﺫﻱ ﺍﳊﺠﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﳊﻜـﻢ ﰲ ﺩﻭﻟﺘـﻪ ﻫـﺬﻩ ﺇﱃ ﻭﺍﺿـﺢ ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻣﺮﻱ ﻭﺃﺩﺧـﻞ ﺃﻫـﻞ ﻗﺮﻃﺒـﺔ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ‬
‫ﻓﻮﻋﺪﻫﻢ ﻭﻣﻨﺎﻫﻢ ﻭﻛﺘﺐ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﱪﺑﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻣﻊ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳊﺎﻛﻢ ﺑـﻦ ﺳـﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﻭﺩﻋﺎﻫﻢ ﺇﱃ ﻃﺎﻋﺘﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﻓﺎﺀ ﺑﺒﻴﻌﺘـﻪ ﻓﻠـﻢ ﳚﻴﺒـﻮﻩ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻚ ﻓﺄﻣﺮ ﺃﺟﻨﺎﺩﻩ ﻭﺃﻫﻞ ﻗﺮﻃﺒﺔ ﺑﺎﳊﺬﺭ ﻭﺍﻻﺣﺘﻴﺎﻁ ﻓﺄﺣﺒﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﰒ ﻧﻘـﻞ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻧﻔﺮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﻳﲔ ﺑﻘﺮﻃﺒﺔ ﻗـﺪ ﻛـﺎﺗﺒﻮﺍ ﺳـﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻭﻭﺍﻋـﺪﻭﻩ ﻟﻴﻜـﻮﻥ ﺑﻘﺮﻃﺒـﺔ ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻊ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻱ ﺍﳊﺠﺔ ﻟﻴﺴﻠﻤﻮﺍ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪ ﻓﺄﺧﺬﻫﻢ ﻭﺣﺒﺴﻬﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﻴﻌﺎﺩ ﻗﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﱪﺑﺮ ﺇﱃ ﻗﺮﻃﺒﺔ ﻓﺮﻛﺐ ﺍﳉﻨﺪ ﻭﺃﻫـﻞ ﻗﺮﻃﺒـﺔ ﻭﺧﺮﺟـﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﻣﻊ ﺍﳌﺆﻳﺪ ﻓﻌﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﱪﺑﺮ ﻭﺗﺒﻌﺘﻬﻢ ﻋﺴﺎﻛﺮﻩ ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﻠﺤﻘﻮﻫﻢ ﻭﺗﺮﺩﺩﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻞ‬
‫ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﺘﻔﻘﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﻲﺀ‪.‬‬

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‫ﰒ ﺇﻥ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﱪﺑﺮ ﺭﺍﺳﻠﻮﺍ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻔـﺮﻧﺞ ﻳﺴـﺘﻤﺪﻭﻧﻪ ﻭﺑـﺬﻟﻮﺍ ﻟـﻪ ﺗﺴـﻠﻴﻢ‬
‫ﺣﺼﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﻨﺼﻮﺭ ﺑﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻋﺎﻣﺮ ﻗﺪ ﻓﺘﺤﻬﺎ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻓﺄﺭﺳﻞ ﻣﻠـﻚ ﺍﻟﻔـﺮﻧﺞ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺆﻳﺪ ﻳﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺍﳊـﺎﻝ ﻭﻳﻄﻠـﺐ ﻣﻨـﻪ ﺗﺴـﻠﻴﻢ ﻫـﺬﻩ ﺍﳊﺼـﻮﻥ ﻟـﺌﻼ ﳝـﺪ ﺳـﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺴﺎﻛﺮ ﻓﺎﺳﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺃﻫﻞ ﻗﺮﻃﺒﺔ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻓﺄﺷﺎﺭﻭﺍ ﺑﺘﺴﻠﻴﻤﻬﺎ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺧﻮﻓـﺎ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻳﻨﺠﺪﻭﺍ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺢ ﰲ ﺍﶈﺮﻡ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺇﺣﺪﻯ ﻭﺃﺭﺑﻌﻤﺎﺋﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺃﻳﺲ ﺍﻟﱪﺑﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺇﳒﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺞ ﺭﺣﻠﻮﺍ ﻓﱰﻟـﻮﺍ ﻗﺮﻳﺒـﺎ ﻣـﻦ ﻗﺮﻃﺒـﺔ ﰲ ﺻـﻔﺮ‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺇﺣﺪﻯ ﻭﺃﺭﺑﻌﻤﺎﺋﺔ ﻭﺟﻌﻠﺖ ﺧﻴﻠﻬﻢ ﺗﻐﲑ ﳝﻴﻨﺎ ﻭﴰﺎﻻ ﻭﺧﺮﺑﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺩ ﻭﻋﻤـﻞ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺆﻳﺪ ﻭﻭﺍﺿﺢ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺮﻱ ﺳﻮﺭﺍ ﻭﺧﻨﺪﻗﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﺮﻃﺒﺔ ﺃﻣـﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺴـﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻜـﺒﲑ ﰒ ﻧـﺰﻝ‬
‫ﺳــﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﻃﺒــﺔ ﲬﺴــﺔ ﻭﺃﺭﺑﻌــﲔ ﻳﻮﻣــﺎ ﻓﻠــﻢ ﳝﻠﻜﻬــﺎ ﻓﺎﻧﺘﻘــﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺰﻫــﺮﺍﺀ‬
‫ﻭﺣﺼﺮﻫﺎ ﻭﻗﺎﺗﻞ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺎ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ‪.‬‬

‫ﰒ ﺇﻥ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﳌﻮﻛﻠﲔ ﲝﻔﻈﻬﺎ ﺳﻠﻢ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ ﺍﻟﺒـﺎﺏ ﺍﻟـﺬﻱ ﻫـﻮ ﻣﻮﻛـﻞ ﲝﻔﻈـﻪ‬
‫ﻓﺼﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﱪﺑﺮ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺭ ﻭﻗﺎﺗﻠﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺣﱴ ﺃﺯﺍﻟﻮﻫﻢ ﻭﻣﻠﻜﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪ ﻋﻨﻮﺓ ﻭﻗﺘـﻞ‬
‫ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﻨﺪ ﻭﺻﻌﺪ ﺃﻫﻠﻪ ﺍﳉﺒـﻞ ﻭﺍﺟﺘﻤـﻊ ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ ﺑﺎﳉـﺎﻣﻊ ﻓﺄﺧـﺬﻫﻢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱪﺑﺮ ﻭﺫﲝﻮﻫﻢ ﺣﱴ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺒﻴﺎﻥ ﻭﺃﻟﻘﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﰲ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻊ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺼـﺮ ﻭﺍﻟـﺪﻳﺎﺭ‬
‫ﻓﺎﺣﺘﺮﻕ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻭ‪‬ﺒﺖ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺍﻝ‪.‬‬

‫‪٧٠‬‬

‫ﰒ ﺇﻥ ﻭﺍﺿﺤﺎ ﻛﺎﺗﺐ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻳﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻋﻦ ﻗﺮﻃﺒﺔ ﺳﺮﺍ ﻭﻳﺸﲑ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﲟﻨﺎﺯﻟﺘﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﺴﲑﻩ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﳕـﻰ ﺍﳋـﱪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺆﻳـﺪ ﻓﻘـﺒﺾ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ﻭﻗﺘﻠـﻪ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺷﺘﺪ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺑﻘﺮﻃﺒﺔ ﻭﻋﻈﻢ ﺍﳋﻄﺐ ﻭﻗﻠﺖ ﺍﻷﻗﻮﺍﺕ ﻭﻛﺜﺮ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻷﻗـﻮﺍﺕ‬
‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﱪﺑﺮ ﺃﻗﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﻠﺪ ﻷ‪‬ﻢ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻗﺪ ﺧﺮﺑـﻮﺍ ﺍﻟـﺒﻼﺩ ﻭﺟـﻼ ﺃﻫـﻞ ﻗﺮﻃﺒـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﺍﳌﺆﻳﺪ ﻛﻞ ﻣـﻦ ﻣـﺎﻝ ﺇﱃ ﺳـﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﰒ ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﱪﺑـﺮ ﻭﺳـﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻻﺯﻣـﻮﺍ ﺍﳊﺼـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺘﺎﻝ ﻷﻫﻞ ﻗﺮﻃﺒﺔ ﻭﺿﻴﻘﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﰲ ﻣﺪﺓ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳊﺼـﺎﺭ ﻇﻬـﺮ ﺑﻄﻠﻴﻄﻠـﺔ‬
‫ﻋﺒﻴﺪﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﳉﺒﺎﺭ ﻭﺑﺎﻳﻌﻪ ﺃﻫﻠـﻬﺎ ﻓﺴـﲑ ﺇﻟـﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﳌﺆﻳـﺪ ﺟﻴﺸـﺎ‬
‫ﻓﺤﺼﺮﻭﻫﻢ ﻓﻌﺎﺩﻭﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻋﺔ ﻭﺃﺧﺬ ﻋﺒﻴﺪﺍﷲ ﺃﺳﲑﺍ ﻭﻗﺘـﻞ ﰲ ﺷـﻌﺒﺎﻥ ﺳـﻨﺔ‬
‫ﺇﺣﺪﻯ ﻭﺃﺭﺑﻌﻤﺎﺋﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﰒ ﺇﻥ ﺃﻫﻞ ﻗﺮﻃﺒﺔ ﻗﺎﺗﻠﻮﺍ ﰲ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻷﻳﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﱪﺑﺮ ﻓﻘﺘﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺧﻠﻖ ﻛـﺜﲑ ﻭﻏـﺮﻕ‬
‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺮ ﻣﺜﻠﻬﻢ ﻓﺮﺣﻠﻮﺍ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﺳﺎﺭﻭﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺇﺷﺒﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﻓﺤﺼﺮﻭﻫﺎ ﻓﺄﺭﺳـﻞ ﺍﳌﺆﻳـﺪ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬــﺎ ﺟﻴﺸــﺎ ﻓﺤﻤﺎﻫــﺎ ﻭﻣﻨــﻊ ﺍﻟﱪﺑــﺮ ﻋﻨــﻬﺎ ﻭﺭﺍﺳــﻞ ﺳــﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﺋــﺐ ﺍﳌﺆﻳــﺪ‬
‫ﺑﺴﺮﻗﺴﻄﺔ ﻭﻏﲑﻫﺎ ﻳﺪﻋﻮﻫﻢ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻓﺄﺟﺎﺑﻮﻩ ﻭﺃﻃﺎﻋﻮﻩ ﻓﺴﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﱪﺑﺮ ﻭﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻋﻦ‬
‫ﺇﺷﺒﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﺇﱃ ﻗﻠﻌﺔ ﺭﺑﺎﺡ ﻓﻤﻠﻜﻮﻫﺎ ﻭﻏﻨﻤﻮﺍ ﻣﺎ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ ﻭﺍﲣـﺬﻭﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﺍ ﰒ ﻋـﺎﺩﻭﺍ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﻗﺮﻃﺒﺔ ﻓﺤﺼﺮﻭﻫﺎ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺧﺮﺝ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻠـﻬﺎ ﻭﻋﺴـﺎﻛﺮﻫﺎ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﳉـﻮﻉ ﻭﺍﳋـﻮﻑ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺷﺘﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﺎﻝ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻭﻣﻠﻜﻬـﺎ ﺳـﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻋﻨـﻮﺓ ﻭﻗﻬـﺮﺍ ﻭﻗﺘﻠـﻮﺍ ﻣـﻦ ﻭﺟـﺪﻭﺍ ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻕ ﻭ‪‬ﺒﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪ ﻭﺃﺣﺮﻗﻮﻩ ﻓﻠﻢ ﲢﺺ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﻠﻰ ﻟﻜﺜﺮ‪‬ﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻧﺰﻝ ﺍﻟﱪﺑﺮ ﰲ ﺍﻟـﺪﻭﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱵ ﱂ ﲢﺮﻕ ﻓﻨﺎﻝ ﺃﻫﻞ ﻗﺮﻃﺒﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﺎ ﱂ ﻳﺴﻤﻊ ﲟﺜﻠﻪ ﻭﺃﺧـﺮﺝ ﺍﳌﺆﻳـﺪ ﻣـﻦ‬

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‫ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺮ ﻭﲪﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻭﺩﺧﻞ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﻃﺒﺔ ﻣﻨﺘﺼﻒ ﺷﻮﺍﻝ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺛﻼﺙ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺭﺑﻌﻤﺎﺋﺔ ﻭﺑﻮﻳﻊ ﻟﻪ ‪‬ﺎ‪.‬ﰒ ﺇﻥ ﺍﳌﺆﻳﺪ ﺟﺮﻯ ﻟﻪ ﻣﻊ ﺳـﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺃﻗﺎﺻـﻴﺺ ﻃﻮﻳﻠـﺔ ﰒ‬
‫ﺧﺮﺝ ﺇﱃ ﺷﺮﻕ ﺍﻷﻧﺪﻟﺲ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻨﺪﻩ‪ .‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﳑﻦ ﻗﺘﻞ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳊﺼﺮ ﺃﺑـﻮ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﻴـﺪ ﺑـﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺿﻲ ﻣﻈﻠﻮﻣﺎ ﺭﲪﻪ ﺍﷲ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﻗﺘﻞ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻌﺔ ﺑﺈﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺔ )ﺹ ‪(١١٤‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺳﺒﻊ ﻭﺃﺭﺑﻌﻤﺎﺋﺔ‬

‫ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﰲ ﺍﶈﺮﻡ ﻗﺘﻠﺖ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻌﺔ ﲜﻤﻴـﻊ ﺑـﻼﺩ ﺇﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴـﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻛـﺎﻥ ﺳـﺒﺐ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﻌـﺰ ﺑـﻦ ﺑـﺎﺩﻳﺲ ﺭﻛـﺐ ﻭﻣﺸـﻰ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘـﲑﻭﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ ﻳﺴـﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‬
‫ﻭﻳﺪﻋﻮﻥ ﻟﻪ ﻓﺎﺟﺘﺎﺯ ﲜﻤﺎﻋﺔ ﻓﺴﺄﻝ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻓﻘﻴﻞ‪ :‬ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺭﺍﻓﻀﺔ ﻳﺴﺒﻮﻥ ﺃﺑﺎ ﺑﻜـﺮ‬
‫ﻭﻋﻤﺮ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺑﻜﺮ ﻭﻋﻤﺮ! ﻓﺎﻧﺼﺮﻓﺖ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺩﺭﺏ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻘﻠﻰ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﲑﻭﺍﻥ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺣﻮﻣﺔ ﲡﺘﻤﻊ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻌﺔ ﻓﻘﺘﻠـﻮﺍ ﻣﻨـﻬﻢ ﻭﻛـﺎﻥ ﺫﻟـﻚ‬
‫ﺷـﻬﻮﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﺴــﻜﺮ ﻭﺃﺗﺒــﺎﻋﻬﻢ ﻃﻤﻌــﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨــﻬﺐ ﻭﺍﻧﺒﺴــﻄﺖ ﺃﻳــﺪﻱ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣــﺔ ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻌﺔ ﻭﺃﻏﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﲑﻭﺍﻥ ﻭﺣﺮﺿﻬﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﺳﺒﺐ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻗـﺪ ﺃﺻـﻠﺢ‬
‫ﺃﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪ ﻓﺒﻠﻐﻪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﻌﺰ ﺑﻦ ﺑﺎﺩﻳﺲ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﻋﺰﻟﻪ ﻓﺄﺭﺍﺩ ﻓﺴﺎﺩﻩ ﻓﻘﺘﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻌﺔ‬
‫ﺧﻠﻖ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻭﺃﺣﺮﻗﻮﺍ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻭ‪‬ﺒﺖ ﺩﻳـﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﻭﻗﺘﻠـﻮﺍ ﰲ ﲨﻴـﻊ ﺇﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴـﺔ ﻭﺍﺟﺘﻤـﻊ‬
‫ﲨﺎﻋﺔ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺇﱃ ﻗﺼﺮ ﺍﳌﻨﺼﻮﺭ ﻗﺮﻳـﺐ ﺍﻟﻘـﲑﻭﺍﻥ ﻓﺘﺤﺼـﻨﻮﺍ ﺑـﻪ ﻓﺤﺼـﺮﻫﻢ‬

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‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣــﺔ ﻭﺿــﻴﻘﻮﺍ ﻋﻠــﻴﻬﻢ ﻓﺎﺷــﺘﺪ ﻋﻠــﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﳉــﻮﻉ ﻓــﺄﻗﺒﻠﻮﺍ ﳜﺮﺟــﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻨــﺎﺱ‬
‫ﻳﻘﺘﻠﻮ‪‬ﻢ ﺣﱴ ﻗﺘﻠﻮﺍ ﻋﻦ ﺁﺧﺮﻫﻢ ﻭﳉﺄ ﻣـﻦ ﻛـﺎﻥ ﻣﻨـﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﳌﻬﺪﻳـﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳉـﺎﻣﻊ‬
‫ﻓﻘﺘﻠــﻮﺍ ﻛﻠــﻬﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻛﺎﻧــﺖ ﺍﻟﺸــﻴﻌﺔ ﺗﺴــﻤﻰ ﺑــﺎﳌﻐﺮﺏ ﺍﳌﺸــﺎﺭﻗﺔ ﻧﺴــﺒﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺃﰊ‬
‫ﻋﺒﺪﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻌﻲ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻕ ﻭﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺮﺍﺀ ﺫﻛﺮ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳊﺎﺩﺛﺔ ﻓﻤﻦ ﻓـﺮﺡٍ‬
‫ﻣﺴﺮﻭﺭ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺑﺎﻙ ﺣﺰﻳﻦ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛــﺮ ﻋــﺪﺓ ﺣــﻮﺍﺩﺙ )ﻗﺘــﻞ ﺍﻟﱪﺑــﺮ ﰲ ﺑﻠــﺪ ﺍﻟ ـﺰ‪‬ﺍﺏ( )ﺹ‬
‫‪(٢٢٨‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺗﺴﻊ ﻭﻋﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﺃﺭﺑﻌﻤﺎﺋﺔ‬

‫ﻭﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺳﺎﺭﺕ ﻋﺴـﺎﻛﺮ ﺍﳌﻌـﺰ ﺑـﻦ ﺑـﺎﺩﻳﺲ ﺑﺈﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴـﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺑﻠـﺪ ﺍﻟـﺰ‪‬ﺍﺏ‬
‫ﻓﻔﺘﺤﻮﺍ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺗﺴﻤﻰ ﺑ‪‬ﻮﺭﺱ ﻭﻗﺘﻠﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﱪﺑﺮ ﺧﻠﻘﺎ ﻛﺜﲑﺍ ﻭ ﹸﻓﺘِﺢ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻼﺩ ﺯﻧﺎﺗـﺔ‬
‫ﻗﻠﻌﺔ ﺗﺴﻤﻰ ﻛﺮﻭﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺗﻮﰲ ﺍﺳﺤﺎﻕ ﺑـﻦ ﺍﺑـﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑـﻦ ﳐﻠـﺪ ﺃﺑـﻮ ﺍﻟﻔﻀـﻞ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺑﺎﺑﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻗﺮ ﺣﻲ ﰲ ﺭﺑﻴﻊ ﺍﻵﺧﺮ‪.‬‬

‫‪@ lbnØÛa@åß@ɎbnÛa@‡Üa‬‬

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‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻨﺔ ﺑﲔ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺑﻄﲔ ﻭﺃﻫﻞ ﻗﺮﻃﺒﺔ )ﺹ ‪(١٨٧‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺛﻼﺙ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ ﻭﲬﺴﻤﺎﺋﺔ‬

‫ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴـﻨﺔ ﻭﻗﻴـﻞ ﺳـﻨﺔ ﺃﺭﺑـﻊ ﻋﺸـﺮﺓ ﻛﺎﻧـﺖ ﻓﺘﻨـﺔ ﺑـﲏ ﻋﺴـﻜﺮ ﺃﻣـﲑ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻋﻠـﻲ ﺑـﻦ ﻳﻮﺳـﻒ ﻭﺑـﲔ ﺃﻫـﻞ ﻗﺮﻃﺒـﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﺳـﺒﺒﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻣـﲑ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﲔ‬
‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﺑﺎ ﺑﻜﺮ ﳛﲕ ﺑﻦ ﺭﻭﺍﺩ ﻓﻠﻤـﺎ ﻛـﺎﻥ ﻳـﻮﻡ ﺍﻷﺿـﺤﻰ ﺧـﺮﺝ ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ‬
‫ﻣﺘﻔﺮﺟﲔ ﻓﻤﺪ ﻋﺒﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒﻴﺪ ﺃﰊ ﺑﻜـﺮ ﻳـﺪﻩ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻣـﺮﺃﺓ ﻓﺄﻣﺴـﻜﻬﺎ ﻓﺎﺳـﺘﻐﺎﺛﺖ‬
‫ﺑﺎﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻓﺄﻏﺎﺛﻮﻫﺎ ﻓﻮﻗﻊ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﻴﺪ ﻭﺑﲔ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻠـﺪ ﻓﺘﻨـﺔ ﻋﻈﻴﻤـﺔ ﻭﺩﺍﻣـﺖ‬
‫ﲨﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﺎﻕ ﻓﺄﺩﺭﻛﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﻓﺘﻔﺮﻗﻮﺍ ﻓﻮﺻﻞ‬
‫ﺍﳋﱪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻷﻣﲑ ﺃﰊ ﺑﻜﺮ ﻓﺎﺟﺘﻤﻊ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻬـﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻷﻋﻴـﺎﻥ ﻓﻘـﺎﻟﻮﺍ‪ :‬ﺍﳌﺼـﻠﺤﺔ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺗﻘﺘﻞ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺃﺛﺎﺭﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻨﺔ ﻓﺄﻧﻜﺮ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻭﻏﻀـﺐ ﻣﻨـﻪ ﻭﺃﺻـﺒﺢ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻐﺪ ﻭﺃﻇﻬﺮ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﺡ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﻗﺘﺎﻝ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪ ﻓﺮﻛﺐ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻬﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻷﻋﻴـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺒﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪ ﻭﻗﺎﺗﻠﻮﻩ ﻓﻬﺰﻣﻮﻩ ﻭﲢﺼﻦ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺼﺮ ﻓﺤﺼﺮﻭﻩ ﻭﺗﺴـﻠﻘﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻓﻬﺮﺏ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺑﻌـﺪ ﻣﺸـﻘﺔ ﻭﺗﻌـﺐ ﻓﻨـﻬﺒﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺼـﺮ ﻭﺃﺣﺮﻗـﻮﺍ ﲨﻴـﻊ ﺩﻭﺭ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺑﻄﲔ ﻭ‪‬ﺒﻮﺍ ﺃﻣﻮﺍﳍﻢ ﻭﺃﺧﺮﺟﻮﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻗﺒﺢ ﺻﻮﺭﺓ‪.‬‬

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‫ﻭﺍﺗﺼﻞ ﺍﳋﱪ ﺑﺄﻣﲑ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻓﻜﺮﻩ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻌﻈﻤﻪ ﻭﲨـﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﺴـﺎﻛﺮ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺻﻨﻬﺎﺟﺔ ﻭﺯﻧﺎﺗﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﱪﺑﺮ ﻭﻏﲑﻫﻢ ﻓﺎﺟﺘﻤﻊ ﻟﻪ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﲨﻊ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﻓﻌﱪ ﺇﻟـﻴﻬﻢ‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﲬﺲ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ ﻭﲬﺴﻤﺎﺋﺔ ﻭﺣﺼﺮ ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻗﺮﻃﺒﺔ ﻓﻘﺎﺗﻠﻪ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﻗﺘﺎﻝ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ ﳛﻤﻲ ﺩﻣﻪ ﻭﺣﺮﳝﻪ ﻭﻣﺎﻟﻪ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺭﺃﻯ ﺃﻣﲑ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺷـﺪﺓ ﻗﺘـﺎﳍﻢ ﺩﺧـﻞ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﺮﺍﺀ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﺳـﻌﻮﺍ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼـﻠﺢ ﻓﺄﺟـﺎ‪‬ﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺫﻟـﻚ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻐـﺮﻡ ﺃﻫـﻞ‬
‫ﻗﺮﻃﺒﺔ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺑﻄﲔ ﻣﺎ ‪‬ﺒﻮﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﻮﺍﳍﻢ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻭﻋﺎﺩ ﻋﻦ‬
‫ﻗﺘﺎﳍﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﻇﻔﺮ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺑﺎﳍﻨﺪ )ﺹ ‪(٣٨٢‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺳﺒﻊ ﻭﺃﺭﺑﻌﲔ ﻭﲬﺴﻤﺎﺋﺔ‬

‫ﳌﺎ ﺳﻠﻢ ﺷﻬﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻭﺻﺎﺩ ﺇﱃ ﺁﺟﺮﺓ ‪ :‬ﻭﺃﺗﺎﻩ ﺍﳌـﺪﺩ ﻣـﻦ ﺃﺧﻴـﻪ ﻏﻴـﺎﺙ ﺍﻟـﺪﻳﻦ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﻋﺎﺩ ﺍﳍﻨﻮﺩ ‪،‬ﺟﺪﺩﻭﺍ ﺳﻼﺣﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﻭﻓﺮﻭﺍ ﲨﻌﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﻗﺎﻣﻮﺍ ﻋﻮﺽ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺘﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﺳﺎﺭﺕ ﻣﻠﻜﺘﻬﻢ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻣﻌﻬﺎ ﰲ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻳﻀﻴﻖ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﺀ ‪،‬ﻓﺮﺍﺳـﻠﻬﺎ ﺷـﻬﺎﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﺄﻧﻪ ﻳﺘﺰﻭﺟﻬﺎ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻢ ﲡﺒﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺫﻟﻚ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺎﻟﺖ ‪ :‬ﺇﻣﺎ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ‪،‬ﻭﺇﻣﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺴـﻠﻢ ﺑـﻼﺩ‬
‫ﺍﳍﻨﺪ ﻭﺗﻌﻮﺩ ﺇﱃ ﻏﺰﻧﺔ ‪،‬ﻓﺄﺟﺎ‪‬ﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺩ ﺇﱃ ﻏﺰﻧﺔ ﻭﺃﻧـﻪ ﻳﺴـﺘﺄﺫﻥ ﺃﺧـﺎﻩ ﻏﻴـﺎﺙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‪ .‬ﻓﻌﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻜﺮﺍ ﻭﺧﺪﻳﻌﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮﻳﻦ ‪‬ﺮ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﳍﻨـﻮﺩ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺨﺎﺿﺎﺕ ﻓﻼ ﻳﻘﺪﺭ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺃﻥ ﳚﻮﺯﻩ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﻗﺎﻣﻮﺍ ﻳﻨﺘﻈﺮﻭﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ‬

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‫ﺟﻮﺍﺏ ﻏﻴﺎﺙ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ‪،‬ﺑﺰﻋﻤﻬﻢ ﻓﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻫـﻢ ﻛـﺬﻟﻚ ‪،‬ﺇﺫ ﻭﺻـﻞ ﺇﻧﺴـﺎﻥ ﻫﻨـﺪﻱ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺷﻬﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﻋﻠﻤﻪ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ﳐﺎﺿﺎ ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺴﻜﺮ ﺍﳍﻨـﻮﺩ ‪،‬ﻭﻃﻠـﺐ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻳﺮﺳﻞ ﻣﻌﻪ ﺟﻴﺸﺎ ﻳﻌـﱪﻫﻢ ﺍﳌﺨـﺎﺽ ﻭﻳﻜﺴـﺒﻮﻥ ﺍﳍﻨـﻮﺩ ﻭﻫـﻢ ﻏـﺎﺭﻭﻥ ﺁﻣﻨـﻮﻥ‬
‫‪،‬ﻓﺨﺎﻑ ﺷﻬﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺧﺪﻳﻌﺔ ﻭﻣﻜﺮﺍ ‪،‬ﻓﺄﻗﺎﻡ ﻟﻪ ﺿﻤﻨﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺁﺟـﺮﺓ‬
‫ﻭﺍﳌﻮﻟﺘﺎﻥ ﻓﺄﺭﺳﻞ ﻣﻌﻪ ﺟﻴﺸﺎ ﻛﺜﻴﻔﺎ ﻭﺟﻌﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻷﻣﲑ ﺍﳊﺴﲔ ﺑـﻦ ﺧﺮﻣﻴـﻞ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻐﻮﺭﻱ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺻﺎﺭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﻫﺮﺍﺓ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﲏ ﺍﻟﺸﺠﺎﻋﺔ ﻭﺍﻟـﺮﺃﻱ ﺑﺎﳌﱰﻟـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺸﻬﻮﺭﺓ ‪ ،‬ﻓﺴﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻴﺶ ﻣﻊ ﺍﳍﻨﺪﻱ ‪،‬ﻓﻌﱪﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺮ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﺸﻌﺮ ﺍﳍﻨﻮﺩ ﺇﻻ ﻭﻗـﺪ‬
‫ﺧــﺎﻟﻄﻬﻢ ﺍﳌﺴــﻠﻤﻮﻥ ‪،‬ﻭﻭﺿــﻌﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺴــﻴﻒ ﻓــﻴﻬﻢ ﻓﺎﺷــﺘﻐﻞ ﺍﳌﻮﻛﻠــﻮﻥ ﲝﻔــﻆ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺨﺎﺿﺎﺕ ‪،‬ﻓﻌﱪ ﺷﻬﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻭﺑـﺎﻗﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺴـﺎﻛﺮ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﺣـﺎﻃﻮﺍ ﺑـﺎﳍﻨﻮﺩ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﻛﺜـﺮﻭﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺘﻞ ﻓـﻴﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﻧـﺎﺩﻭﺍ ﺑﺸـﻌﺎﺭ ﺍﻹﺳـﻼﻡ ‪،‬ﻓﻠـﻢ ﻳـﻨﺞ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﳍﻨـﻮﺩ ﺇﻻ ﻣـﻦ ﻋﺠـﺰ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻋﻦ ﻗﺘﻠﻪ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﺳﺮﻩ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺘﻠﺖ ﻣﻠﻜﺘﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﲤﻜﻦ ﺷﻬﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ‪٠‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﻫـﺬﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻮﻗﻌﺔ‪ -‬ﻣﻦ ﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﳍﻨﺪ ﻭﺃﻣﻦ ﻣﻌﺮﺓ ﻓﺴـﺎﺩﻫﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺰﻣـﻮﺍ ﻟـﻪ ﺑـﺎﻷﻭﺍﻝ ‪،‬ﻭﺳـﻠﻤﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺮﻫﺎﺋﻦ ﻭﺻﺎﳊﻮﻩ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﹲﻃﻊ ﳑﻠﻮﻛﻪ ﻗﻄﺐ ﺍﻟـﺪﻳﻦ ﺃﺑﻴـﻚ ﻣﺪﻳﻨـﺔ ﺩﻫﻠـﻲ ‪،‬ﻭﻫـﻲ‬
‫ﻛﺮﺳﻲ ﺍﳌﻤﺎﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻓﺘﺤﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳍﻨﺪ ﻓﺄﺭﺳﻞ ﻋﺴﻜﺮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳋﻠﺞ ﻣـﻊ ﳏﻤـﺪ‬
‫ﺑﻦ ﲞﺘﻴﺎﺭ ‪،‬ﻓﻤﻠﻜﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﳍﻨﺪ ﻣﻮﺍﺿﻊ ﻣﺎ ﻭﺻﻞ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﻗﺒﻠـﻪ ‪،‬ﺣـﱴ‬
‫ﻗﺎﺭﺑﻮﺍ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﲔ ﻣـﻦ ﺟﻬـﺔ ﺍﳌﺸـﺮﻕ ‪،‬ﻭﻗـﺪ ﺣـﺪﺛﲏ ﺻـﺪﻳﻖ ﱄ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺠـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺑــﻮﻗﻌﺘﲔ ﺗﺸــﺒﻪ ﻫــﺎﺗﲔ ﺍﻟــﻮﻗﻌﺘﲔ ﺍﳌــﺬﻛﻮﺭﺗﲔ ‪،‬ﻭﺑﻴﻨــﻬﻤﺎ ﺑﻌــﺾ ﺍﳋــﻼﻑ ﻭﻗــﺪ‬
‫ﺫﻛﺮﻧﺎﳘﺎ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺛﻼﺙ ﻭﲦﺎﻧﻴﲔ ﻭﲬﺴﻤﺎﺋﺔ‪.‬‬

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‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﺇﺟﻼﺀ ﺑﲏ ﺃﺳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻕ )ﺹ ‪(٤٦٤‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﲬﺲ ﻭﲬﺴﲔ ﻭﲬﺴﻤﺎﺋﺔ‬

‫ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﳋﻠﻴﻔﺔ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻨﺠﺪ ﺑﺎﷲ ﺑـﺈﻫﻼﻙ ﺑـﲏ ﺃﺳـﺪ ﺃﻫـﻞ ﺍﳊﻠـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺰﻳﺪﻳــﺔ ‪،‬ﳌــﺎ ﻇﻬــﺮ ﻣــﻦ ﻓﺴــﺎﺩﻫﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﳌــﺎ ﻛــﺎﻥ ﰲ ﻧﻔــﺲ ﺍﳋﻠﻴﻔــﺔ ﻣﻨــﻬﻢ ﻣــﻦ‬
‫ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﳏﻤﺪﺍ ﳌﺎ ﺣﺼﺮ ﺑﻐﺪﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﻓﺄﻣﺮ ﻳﺰﺩﻥ ﺑﻦ ﻗﻤـﺎﺝ ﺑﻘﺘـﺎﳍﻢ‬
‫ﻭﺇﺟﻼﺋﻬﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺩ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻣﻨﺒﺴﻄﲔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﻄﺎﺋﺢ ‪،‬ﻓﻼ ﻳﻘﺪﺭ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻓﺘﻮﺟـﻪ‬
‫ﻳﺰﺩﻥ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﲨﻊ ﻋﺴﺎﻛﺮ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺍﺟـﻞ ﻭﻓـﺎﺭﺱ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﺭﺳـﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺍﺑـﻦ ﻣﻌـﺮﻭﻑ‬
‫ﻣﻘﺪﻡ ﺍﳌﻨﺘﻔﻖ ‪،‬ﻭﻫـﻮ ﺑـﺄﺭﺽ ﺍﻟﺒﺼـﺮﺓ ‪،‬ﻓﺠـﺎﺀ ﰲ ﺧﻠـﻖ ﻛـﺜﲑ ﻓﺤﺼـﺮﻫﻢ ﻭﺳـﺪ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﳌﺎﺀ ‪،‬ﻭﺻﺎﺑﺮﻫﻢ ﻣﺪﺓ ‪،‬ﻓﺄﺭﺳﻞ ﺍﳋﻠﻴﻔﺔ ﺇﱃ ﻳـﺰﺩﻥ ﻳﻌﺘـﺐ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ﻭﻳﻌﺠـﺰﻩ‬
‫ﻭﻳﻨﺴﺒﻪ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺘﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻴﻊ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﺰﺩﻥ ﻳﺘﺸﻴﻊ ‪،‬ﻓﺠﺪ ﻫﻮ ﻭﺍﺑﻦ ﻣﻌـﺮﻭﻑ‬
‫ﰲ ﻗﺘﺎﳍﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻀﻴﻴﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﺳﺪ ﻣﺴﺎﻟﻜﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺎﺀ ‪،‬ﻓﺎﺳﺘﺴﻠﻤﻮﺍ ﺣﻴﻨﺌـﺬ‬
‫‪،‬ﻓﻘﺘﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﺁﻻﻑ ﻗﺘﻴـﻞ ‪،‬ﻭﻧـﺎﺩﻯ ﻓـﻴﻤﻦ ﺑﻘـﻲ ‪ :‬ﻣـﻦ ﻭﺟـﺪ ﺑﻌـﺪ ﻫـﺬﺍ ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺰﻳﺪﻳﺔ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺣﻞ ﺩﻣﻪ ؛ﻓﺘﻔﺮﻗﻮﺍ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺩ ‪،‬ﻭﱂ ﻳﺒﻖ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻕ ﻣـﻦ ﻳﻌـﺮﻑ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﺳﻠﻤﺖ ﺑﻄﺎﺋﺤﻬﻢ ﻭﺑﻼﺩﻫﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ‪.‬‬

‫‪@ lbnØÛa@åß@‹’bÈÛa@‡Üa‬‬
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‫ﺫﻛﺮ ‪‬ﺐ ﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﻠﺪ ﺍﻹﲰﺎﻋﻴﻠﻴﺔ )ﺹ ‪(٨١‬‬
‫ﳌﺎ ﺭﺣﻞ ﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺣﻠﺐ ‪،‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﺫﻛﺮﻧﺎﻩ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﻹﲰﺎﻋﻴﻠﻴـﺔ ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﶈﺮﻡ ﻟﻴﻘﺎﺗﻠﻬﻢ ﲟﺎ ﻓﻌﻠﻮﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻮﺏ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ‪،‬ﻭﺇﺭﺍﺩﺓ ﻗﺘﻠﻪ ‪،‬ﻓﻨﻬﺐ ﺑﻠﺪﻫﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﺧﺮ‪‬ﺑﻪ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺣﺮﻗﻪ ‪،‬ﻭﺣﺼﺮ ﻗﻠﻌﺔ ﻣﺼﻴﺎﺕ ‪،‬ﻭﻫـﻲ ﺃﻋﻈـﻢ ﺣﺼـﻮ‪‬ﻢ ﻭﺃﺣﺼـﻦ ﻗﻼﻋﻬـﻢ‬
‫‪،‬ﻓﻨﺼﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﻨﺠﻨﻴﻘﺎﺕ ‪،‬ﻭﺿﻴ‪‬ﻖ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻣـﻦ ‪‬ـﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﱂ ﻳـﺰﻝ ﻛـﺬﻟﻚ ﻓﺄﺭﺳـﻞ‬
‫ﺳﻨﺎﻥ ‪،‬ﻣﻘﺪﻡ ﺍﻹﲰﺎﻋﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺷﻬﺎﺏ ﺍﻟـﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﳊـﺎﺭﻣﻲ ‪،‬ﺻـﺎﺣﺐ ﲪـﺎﺓ ‪،‬ﻭﻫـﻮ‬
‫ﺧﺎﻝ ﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ‪،‬ﻳﺴﺄﻷﻩ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺪﺧﻞ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﻳﺼـﻠﺢ ﺍﳊـﺎﻝ ‪،‬ﻭﻳﺸـﻔﻬﻢ ﻓـﻴﻬﻢ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﻟﻪ ‪ :‬ﺇﻥ ﱂ ﺗﻔﻌﻞ ﻗﺘﻠﻨﺎﻙ ‪،‬ﻭﲨﻴﻊ ﺃﻫـﻞ ﺻـﻼﺡ ﺍﻟـﺪﻳﻦ ‪،‬ﻓﺸـﻔﻊ ﻓـﻴﻬﻢ‬
‫ﻭﺳﺄﻝ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺢ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻓﺄﺟﺎﺑﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻭﺻﺎﳊﻬﻢ ﻭﺭﺣﻞ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﺴﻜﺮﻩ‬
‫ﻗﺪ ﻣﻠـّﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻜﺎﺭ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﻣﺘﻸﺕ ﺇﻳـﺪﻳﻬﻢ ﻣـﻦ ﻏﻨـﺎﺋﻢ ﻋﺴـﻜﺮ ﺍﳌﻮﺻـﻞ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﺐ ﺑﻠﺪ ﺍﻹﲰﺎﻋﻴﻠﻴﺔ ‪،‬ﻓﻄﻠﺒﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺩ ﺇﱃ ﺑﻼﺩﻫـﻢ ﻟﻼﺳـﺘﺮﺍﺣﺔ ‪،‬ﻓـﺄﺫﻥ ﳍـﻢ‬
‫ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﻫﻮ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺼﺮ ﻣﻊ ﻋﺴﻜﺮﻫﺎ ‪،‬ﻷﻧﻪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻗﺪ ﻃﺎﻝ ﻋﻬـﺪﻩ ﻋﻨـﻬﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﱂ ﳝﻜﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻀﻲ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ‪،‬ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﺧﻮﻓﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑـﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﺸـﺎﻡ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤـﺎ ﺍ‪‬ـﺰﻡ ﺳـﻴﻒ ﺍﻟـﺪﻳﻦ‬
‫ﻭﺣﺼﺮ ﻫﻮ ﺣﻠﺐ ﻭﻣﻠﻚ ﺑﻼﺩﻫﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﺍﺻﻄﻠﺤﻮﺍ ‪،‬ﺃﻣﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟـﺒﻼﺩ ﻓﺴـﺎﺭ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺼـﺮ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻣﺮ ﺑﺒﻨﺎﺀ ﺳﻮﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺼﺮ ‪،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺟﺒﻞ ﺍﳌﻘﻄﻢ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺗﺴﻌﺔ ﻭﻋﺸـﺮﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺃﻟﻒ ﺫﺭﺍﻉ ﻭﺛﻼﲦﺌﺔ ﺫﺭﺍﻉ ﺑﺎﻟـﺬﺭﺍﻉ ﺍﳍـﺎﴰﻲ ‪،‬ﻭﱂ ﻳـﺰﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﻤـﻞ ﻓﻴـﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ ﻣـﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‪.‬‬

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‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍ‪‬ﺰﺍﻡ ﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻣﻠﺔ )ﺹ ‪(٨٦-٨٥‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺛﻼﺙ ﻭﺳﺒﻌﲔ ﻭﲬﺴﻤﺎﺋﺔ‬

‫ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺃﻭﺍﺧﺮ ﲨﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ ﺳﺎﺭ ﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻳﻮﺳﻒ ﺑـﻦ ﺃﻳـﻮﺏ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﻣﺼﺮ ﺇﱃ ﺳﺎﺣﻞ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻡ ﻟﻘﺼﺪ ﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺞ ﻭﲨﻊ ﻣﻌﻪ ﻋﺴﺎﻛﺮ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ ﻭﺟﻨﻮﺩﺍ‬
‫ﻏﺰﻳﺮﺓ ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﺰﺍﻟﻮﺍ ﳚﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﲑ ﺣﱴ ﻭﺻﻠﻮﺍ ﻋﺴﻘﻼﻥ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻊ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﻓﻨﻬﺒﻮﺍ ﻭﺍﺳﺮﻭﺍ ﻭﻗﺘﻠﻮﺍ ﻭﺍﺣﺮﻗﻮﺍ ﻭﺗﻔﺮﻗﻮﺍ ﰲ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﻐﲑﻳﻦ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺭﺃﻭﺍ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺞ ﱂ ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﳍﻢ ﻋﺴﻜﺮ ﻭﻻ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﻊ ﳍﻢ ﻣﻦ ﳛﻤﻲ ﺍﻟـﺒﻼﺩ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻃﻤﻌﻮﺍ ﻭﺍﻧﺒﺴـﻄﻮﺍ ﻭﺳـﺎﺭﻭﺍ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺁﻣـﻨﲔ ﻣﻄﻤﺌـﻨﲔ ﻭﻭﺻـﻞ‬
‫ﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺮﻣﻠﺔ ﻋﺎﺯﻣﺎ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﺼـﺪ ﺑﻌـﺾ ﺣﺼـﻮ‪‬ﻢ ﻟﻴﺤﺼـﺮﻩ‬
‫ﻓﻮﺻـﻞ ﺇﱃ ‪‬ـﺮ ﻓـﺎﺯﺩﺣﻢ ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ ﻟﻠﻌﺒــﻮﺭ ﻓﻠـﻢ ﻳـﺮﻋﻬﻢ ﺇﻻ ﻭﺍﻟﻔـﺮﻧﺞ ﺃﺷــﺮﻓﺖ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺑﺄﺑﻄﺎﳍﺎ ﻭﻃﻼ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻊ ﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮ ﻷﻥ ﺃﻛﺜـﺮﻫﻢ‬
‫ﺗﻔﺮﻗﻮﺍ ﰲ ﻃﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﻐﻨﻴﻤﺔ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺭﺁﻫﻢ ﻭﻗﻒ ﳍﻢ ﻓﻴﻤﻦ ﻣﻌﻪ ﻭﺗﻘـﺪﻡ ﺑـﲔ ﻳﺪﻳـﻪ‬
‫ﺗﻘﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﻦ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺃﺧﻲ ﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻓﺒﺎﺷـﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺘـﺎﻝ ﺑﻨﻔﺴـﻪ ﺑـﲔ‬
‫ﻳﺪﻱ ﻋﻤﻪ ﻓﻘﺘﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﲨﺎﻋﺔ ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺞ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻟﺘﻘـﻲ ﺍﻟـﺪﻳﻦ ﻭﻟـﺪ‬
‫ﺍﲰﻪ ﺃﲪﺪ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﺣﺴـﻦ ﺍﻟﺸـﺒﺎﺏ ﺃﻭﻝ ﻣـﺎ ﺗﻜﺎﻣﻠـﺖ ﳊﻴﺘـﻪ ﻓـﺄﻣﺮﻩ ﺃﺑـﻮﻩ‬

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‫ﺑﺎﳊﻤﻠﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻓﺤﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﻗﺎﺗﻠﻬﻢ ﻭﻋﺎﺩ ﺳﺎﳌﺎ ﻗﺪ ﺃﺛـﺮ ﻓـﻴﻬﻢ ﺃﺛـﺮﺍ ﻛـﺜﲑﺍ‬
‫ﻓﺄﻣﺮﻩ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻮﺩﺓ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﺤﻤـﻞ ﻋﻠـﻴﻬﻢ ﻓﻘﺘـﻞ ﺷـﻬﻴﺪﺍ ﻭﻣﻀـﻰ ﲪﻴـﺪﺍ‬
‫ﺭﲪﻪ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺭﺿﻲ ﻋﻨﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﺷﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻗﺘﺎﻻ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻴﻪ ﻋﻴﺴﻰ ﺭﲪﻪ ﺍﷲ ﻭﲤـﺖ ﺍﳍﺰﳝـﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﲪﻞ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟـﺪﻳﻦ ﻓﻘﺎﺭﺑـﻪ ﺣـﱴ ﻛـﺎﺩ ﺍﻥ‬
‫ﻳﺼﻞ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻦ ﻓﻘﺘﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﳒﻲ ﺑﲔ ﻳﺪﻳﻪ ﻭﺗﻜﺎﺛﺮ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻥ ﻓﻤﻀـﻰ ﻣﻨـﻬﺰﻣﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺴﲑ ﻗﻠﻴﻼ ﻭﻳﻘﻒ ﻟﻴﻠﺤﻘﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻥ ﺩﺧـﻞ ﺍﻟﻠﻴـﻞ ﻓﺴـﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﱪﻳـﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻥ‬
‫ﻣﻀﻰ ﰲ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻳﺴﲑ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺼﺮ ﻭﻟﻘﻮﺍ ﰲ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﻬﻢ ﻣﺸﻘﺔ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻭﻗـﻞ ﻋـﻴﻬﻢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺕ ﻭﺍﳌﺎﺀ ﻭﺃﻣـﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﺴـﻜﺮ ﺍﻟـﺬﻳﻦ ﻛـﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﺩﺧﻠـﻮﺍ ﺑـﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﻔـﺮﻧﺞ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻐـﺎﺭﺓ ﻓـﺈﻥ‬
‫ﺃﻛﺜﺮﻫﻢ ﺫﻫﺐ ﻣﺎ ﺑﲔ ﻗﺘﻴﻞ ﻭﺃﺳﲑ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﲨﻠﺔ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﺳـﺮ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻴـﻪ ﻋﻴﺴـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﳍﻜﺎﺭﻱ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻋﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻷﺳﺪﻳﺔ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﲨﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﻟﺸـﺠﺎﻋﺔ ﻭﺍﺳـﺮ‬
‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺃﺧﻮﻩ ﺍﻟﻈﻬﲑ ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺎ ﻗﺪ ﺳﺎﺭﺍ ﻣﻨﻬﺰﻣﲔ ﻓﻀـﻼ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳـﻖ ﻓﺄﺧـﺬﺍ ﻭﻣﻌﻬﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﲨﺎﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺻﺤﺎ‪‬ﻤﺎ ﻭﺑﻘﻮﺍ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺳﺮ ﺳﻨﲔ ﻓﺎﻓﺘﺪﻯ ﺻـﻼﺡ ﺍﻟـﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻴـﻪ‬
‫ﻋﻴﺴﻰ ﺑﺴﺘﲔ ﺃﻟﻒ ﺩﻳﻨﺎﺭ ﲨﺎﻋﺔ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺳﺮﻯ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻭﺻﻞ ﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﻧﺼﻒ ﲨﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻵﺧـﺮﺓ ﻭﺭﺃﻳـﺖ ﻛﺘﺎﺑـﺎ ﻛﺘﺒـﻪ‬
‫ﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﲞﻂ ﻳﺪﻩ ﺇﱃ ﺃﺧﻴﻪ ﴰﺲ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﺗﻮﺭﺍﻧﺸﺎﻩ ﻭﻫـﻮ ﺑﺪﻣﺸـﻖ ﻳـﺬﻛﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻮﻗﻌﺔ ﻭﰲ ﺃﻭﻟﻪ‪ :‬ﺫﻛﺮﺗﻚ ﻭﺍﳋﻂ ﳜﻄﺮ ﺑﻴﻨﻨﺎ ﻭﻗـﺪ ‪‬ﻠـﺖ ﻣﻨـﺎ ﺍﳌﺜﻘﻔـﺔ ﺍﻟﺴـﻤﺮ‬

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‫ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﻓﻴﻪ‪ :‬ﻟﻘﺪ ﺃﺷﺮﻓﻨﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳍﻼﻙ ﻏﲑ ﻣﺮﺓ ﻭﻣﺎ ﺃﳒﺎﻧﺎ ﺍﷲ ﺳـﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻨـﻪ ﺇﻻ‬
‫ﳌﺄﺭ ﻳﺮﻳﺪﻩ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ‪ :‬ﻭﻣﺎ ﺛﺒﺘﺖ ﺇﻻ ﻭﰲ ﻧﻔﺴﻬﺎ ﺃﻣﺮ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﺣﺼﺮ ﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﻙ )ﺹ ‪(١٤٣‬‬
‫ﺳﻨﺔ ﺛﻼﺙ ﻭﲦﺎﻧﻴﲔ ﻭﲬﺴﻤﺎﺋﺔ‬

‫ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﻛﺘﺐ ﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺇﱃ ﲨﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺩ ﻳﺴﺘﻨﻔﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻟﻠﺠﻬـﺎﺩ‬
‫ﻭﻛﺘﺐ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﻮﺻﻞ ﻭﺩﻳﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﺰﻳﺮﺓ ﻭﺇﺭﺑﻞ ﻭﻏﲑﻫﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻕ ﻭﺇﱃ ﻣﺼﺮ ﻭﺳـﺎﺋﺮ‬
‫ﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻡ ﻳﺪﻋﻮﻫﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳉﻬﺎﺩ ﻭﳛـﺜﻬﻢ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ﻭﻳـﺄﻣﺮﻫﻢ ﺑـﺎﻟﺘﺠﻬﺰ ﻟـﻪ ﺑﻐﺎﻳـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻣﻜﺎﻥ‪.‬‬

‫ﰒ ﺧﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻣﺸـﻖ ﺃﻭﺍﺧـﺮ ﺍﶈـﺮﻡ ﰲ ﻋﺴـﻜﺮﻫﺎ ﺍﳋـﺎﺹ ﻓﺴـﺎﺭ ﺇﱃ ﺭﺃﺱ ﺍﳌـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻭﺗﻼﺣﻘﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﺎﻛﺮ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻣﻴﺔ ﻓﻠﻤـﺎ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﻌـﻮﺍ ﺟﻌـﻞ ﻋﻠـﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﻟـﺪﻩ ﺍﳌﻠـﻚ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻓﻀﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﺎ ﻟﻴﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻳﺮﺩ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﻫﻮ ﺇﱃ ﺑ ُـﺼﺮﻯ ﺟﺮﻳﺪﺓ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺳﺒﺐ ﻣﺴﲑﻩ ﻭﻗﺼﺪﻩ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺃﺗﺘﻪ ﺍﻷﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﱪﻧﺲ ﺃﺭﻧﺎﻁ ﺻـﺎﺣﺐ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺮﻙ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﺼﺪ ﺍﳊﺠﺎﺝ ﻟﻴﺄﺧﺬﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﻬﻢ ﻭﺃﻇﻬﺮ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻓـﺮﻍ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺃﺧﺬ ﺍﳊﺠﺎﺝ ﻳﺮﺟـﻊ ﺇﱃ ﻃﺮﻳـﻖ ﺍﻟﻌﺴـﻜﺮ ﺍﳌﺼـﺮﻱ ﻳﺼـﺪﻫﻢ ﻋـﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺻـﻮﻝ ﺇﱃ‬

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‫ﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻓﺴﺎﺭ ﺇﱃ ﺑﺼﺮﻯ ﻟﻴﻤﻨﻊ ﺍﻟﱪﻧﺲ ﺃﺭﻧـﺎﻁ ﻣـﻦ ﻃﻠـﺐ ﺍﳊﺠـﺎﺝ ﻭﻳﻠـﺰﻡ‬
‫ﺑﻠﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﻓﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﺠﺎﺝ ﲨﺎﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻗﺎﺭﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻻﺟﲔ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﺑـﻦ ﺃﺧـﺖ‬
‫ﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻭﻏﲑﻩ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﲰﻊ ﺃﺭﻧﺎﻁ ﺑﻘﺮﺏ ﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻣـﻦ ﺑﻠـﺪﻩ ﱂ ﻳﻔﺎﺭﻗـﻪ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻧﻘﻄﻊ ﻋﻤﺎ ﻃﻤﻊ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻓﻮﺻﻞ ﺍﳊﺠﺎﺝ ﺳﺎﳌﲔ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻭﺻـﻠﻮﺍ ﻭﻓـﺮﻍ ﺳـﺮﻩ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺟﻬﺘﻬﻢ ﺳﺎﺭ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﻙ ﻓﺤﺼـﺮﻩ ﻭﺿـﻴﻖ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﻜـﺮﻙ ﻭﺍﻟﺸـﻮﺑﻚ ﻭﻏﲑﳘـﺎ‬
‫ﻓﻨﻬﺒﻮﺍ ﻭﺧﺮﺑﻮﺍ ﻭﺃﺣﺮﻗﻮﺍ ﻭﺍﻟﱪﻧﺲ ﳏﺼﻮﺭ ﻻ ﻳﻘﺪﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻨـﻊ ﻋـﻦ ﺑﻠـﺪﻩ ﻭﺳـﺎﺋﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺞ ﻗﺪ ﻟﺰﻣﻮﺍ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺑﻼﺩﻫﻢ ﺧﻮﻓﺎ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺴـﻜﺮ ﺍﻟـﺬﻱ ﻣـﻊ ﻭﻟـﺪﻩ ﺍﻷﻓﻀـﻞ‬
‫ﻓﺘﻤﻜﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﺼﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻬﺐ‪.‬‬

‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﻓﺘﺢ ﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻃﱪﻳﺎ )ﻻﺣﻆ ﺍﻟﺸﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﻟـﱵ‬
‫ﻳﻔﺘﺨﺮ ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ( )ﺹ ‪(١٤٥‬‬
‫ﳌﺎ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺞ ‪،‬ﻭﺳﺎﺭﻭﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺻﻔﻮﺭﻳﺔ ﲨـﻊ ﺻـﻼﺡ ﺍﻟـﺪﻳﻦ ﺃﻣـﺮﺍﺀﻩ ﻓﺄﺷـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺃﻛﺜﺮﻫﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺑﺘﺮﻙ ﺍﻟﻠﻘﺎﺀ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﻳﻀﻌﻒ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﺞ ﺑﺸﻦ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺭﺍﺕ ‪،‬ﻭﺇﺧﺮﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻣﺮﺓ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﺮﺓ ‪،‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻟﻪ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺃﻣﺮﺍﺋﻪ ‪،‬ﺍﻟـﺮﺃﻱ ﻋﻨـﺪﻱ ﺃﻧﻨـﺎ ﳒـﻮﺯ ﺑﻼﺩﻫـﻢ ﻭﻧﻨـﻬﺐ‬
‫ﻭﳔﺮﺏ ﻭﳓﺮﻕ ﻭﻧﺴﱯ ‪،‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﻭﻗﻒ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺴﻜﺮ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺞ ﺑﲔ ﺇﻳـﺪﻳﻨﺎ ﻟﻘﻴﻨـﺎ ﻓـﺈﻥﹼ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨــﺎﺱ ﺑﺎﳌﺸــﺮﻕ ﻳﻠﻌﻨﻮﻧﻨــﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻟــﻮﻥ ‪ :‬ﺗــﺮﻙ ﻗﺘــﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﻔــﺎﺭ ﻭﺃﻗﺒــﻞ ﻳﺮﻳــﺪ ﻗﺘــﺎﻝ‬

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‫ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ‪،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺃﻱ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻔﻌﻞ ﻓﻌﻼ ﻧﺬﺭ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻭﻧﻜـﻒ ﺍﻷﻟﺴـﻨﺔ ﻋﻨـﺎ ‪،‬ﻓﻘـﺎﻝ ﺻـﻼﺡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺮﺃﻱ ﻋﻨﺪﻱ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻠﻘﻰ ﲜﻤﻊ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﲨﻊ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺎﺭ ‪،‬ﻓـﺈﻥﹼ ﺍﻷﻣـﻮﺭ ﻻ ﲡـﺮﻱ‬
‫ﲝﻜﻢ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻭﻻ ﻧﻌﻠﻢ ﻗﺪﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻗﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﺭﻧﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﻻ ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻔﺮﻕ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳉﻤﻴﻊ‬
‫ﺇﻻ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﳉﺪ‪ ‬ﺑﺎﳉﻬﺎﺩ ‪،‬ﰒ ﺭﺣﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻗﺤﻮﺍﻧﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﳋﺎﻣﺲ ﻣـﻦ ﻧﺰﻭﻟـﻪ ‪‬ـﺎ ﻭﻫـﻮ‬
‫ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﳋﻤﻴﺲ ﻟﺴﺒﻊ ﺑﻘﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺑﻴﻊ ﺍﻵﺧﺮ ‪،‬ﻓﺴﺎﺭ ﺣﱴ ﺧﻠـﻒ ﻃﱪﻳ‪‬ـﺔ ﻭﺭﺍﺀ ﻇﻬـﺮﻩ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﺻﻌﺪ ﺟﺒﻠﻬﺎ ﻭﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﺣـﱴ ﻗـﺎﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻔـﺮﻧﺞ ‪،‬ﻓﻠـﻢ ﻳـ ‪‬ﺮ ﻣﻨـﻬﻢ ﺃﺣـﺪﺍ ﻭﻻ ﻓـﺎﺭﻗﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺧﻴﺎﻣﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻓﱰﻝ ﻭﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﱰﻭﻝ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺟﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﺟﻌﻞ ﰲ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺞ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﳝﻨﻌﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﺎﻝ ‪،‬ﻭﻧﺰﻝ ﺟ‪‬ﺮﻳﺪﺓ ﺇﱃ ﻃﱪﻳﺔ ﻭﻗﺎﺗﻠﻬﺎ ﻭﻧﻘـﺐ ﺑﻌـﺾ ﺃﺑﺮﺍﺟﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺧﺬ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻋﻨﻮﺓ ﰲ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﳉﺄ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻌﺔ ﺍﻟـﱵ ﳍـﺎ ﻓـﺎﻣﺘﻨﻌﻮﺍ ‪‬ـﺎ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺘﻬﺎ ﻭﻣﻌﻬﺎ ﺃﻭﻻﺩﻫﺎ ‪،‬ﻓﻨﻬﺐ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻭﺃﺣﺮﻗﻬﺎ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﲰﻊ ﺍﻟﻔـﺮﻧﺞ‬
‫ﺑﱰﻭﻝ ﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺇﱃ ﻃﱪﻳﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﻣﻠﻜﻪ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻭﺃﺧﺬ ﻣﺎ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ ﻭﺇﺣﺮﺍﻗﻬـﺎ ﻭﺇﺣـﺮﺍﻕ‬
‫ﻣــﺎ ﲣﻠــﻒ ﳑــﺎ ﻻ ﳛﻤــﻞ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﻌــﻮﺍ ﻟﻠﻤﺸــﻮﺭﺓ ‪،‬ﻓﺄﺷــﺎﺭ ﺑﻌﻀــﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻘــﺪﻡ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺴــﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﻗﺘــﺎﳍﻢ ﻭﻣــﻨﻌﻬﻢ ﻋــﻦ ﻃﱪﻳــﺔ ‪،‬ﻓﻘــﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻘﻤ‪‬ــﺺ ‪ :‬ﺇﻥ ﻃﱪﻳــﺔ ﱄ‬
‫ﻭﻟﺰﻭﺟﺠﱵ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﻓﻌﻞ ﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟـﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﳌﺪﻳﻨـﺔ ﻣـﺎ ﻓﻌـﻞ ﻭﺑﻘـﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻌـﺔ ﻭﻓﻴﻬـﺎ‬
‫ﺯﻭﺟﱵ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺭﺿﻴﺖ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺄﺧﺬ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻌﺔ ﻭﺯﻭﺟﱵ ﻭﻣﺎﻟﻨـﺎ ‪‬ـﺎ ﻭﻳﻌـﻮﺩ ‪،‬ﻓـﻮ ﺍﷲ ﻟﻘـﺪ‬
‫ﺭﺃﻳﺖ ﻋﺴﺎﻛﺮ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻗﺪﳝﺎ ﻭﺣﺪﻳﺜﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺃﻳﺖ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻣﻊ ﺻﻼﺡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻛﺜﺮﺓ ﻭﻗﻮﺓ ‪،‬ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﺃﺧﺬ ﻃﱪﻳﺔ ﻻ ﳝﻜﻨﻪ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﻡ ‪‬ﺎ ‪،‬ﻓﻤﱴ ﻓﺎﺭﻗﻨﺎ ﻭﻋﺎﺩ ﻋﻨـﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺃﺧﺬﻧﺎﻫﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﺃﻗﺎﻡ ‪‬ﺎ ﻻ ﻳﻘﺪﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﻡ ‪‬ﺎ ﺇﻻ ﲜﻤﻴﻊ ﻋﺴـﺎﻛﺮﻩ ‪،‬ﻭﻻ ﻳﻘـﺪﺭﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﱪ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻃﻮﺍ‪‬ﻢ ﻭﺃﻫﻠﻴﻬﻢ ‪،‬ﻓﻴﻀﻄﺮ ﺇﱃ ﺗﺮﻛﻬـﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﻧﻔﺘـﻚ‬

‫‪٨٣‬‬

‫ﻣﻦ ﺃﺳﺮ ﻣﻨﺎ ‪،‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻟﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺲ ﺃﺭﻧﺎﻁ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﻙ ‪ :‬ﻗﺪ ﺃﻃﻠﺖ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻮﻳﻒ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﻻ ﺷﻚ ﺃﻧـّﻚ ﺗﺮﻳﺪﻫﻢ ﻭﲤﻴﻞ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﺇﻻ ﻣﺎ ﻛﻨـﺖ ﺗﻘـﻮﻝ ﻫـﺬﺍ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﻣــّﺎ‬
‫ﻗﻮﻟﻚ ﺇﻧـّﻬﻢ ﻛﺜﲑﻭﻥ ﻓـﺈﻥﹼ ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ ﻻ ﻳﻀـﺮﻫﺎ ﻛﺜـﺮﺓ ﺍﳊﻄـﺐ ‪،‬ﻓﻘـﺎﻝ ‪ :‬ﺃﻧـﺎ ﻭﺍﺣـﺪ‬
‫ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﺇﻥ ﺗﻘﺪﻣﺘﻢ ﺗﻘﺪﻣﺖ ‪،‬ﻭﺇﻥ ﺗﺄﺧﺮﰎ ﺗﺄﺧﺮﺕ ﻭﺳﺘﺮﻭﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻋﻨـﺪﻱ ‪،‬ﻓﻘـﻮﻱ‬
‫ﻋﺰﻣﻬﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺪﻡ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﻗﺘﺎﳍﻢ ﻓﺮﺣﻠـﻮﺍ ﻣـﻦ ﻣﻌﺴـﻜﺮﻫﻢ ﺍﻟـﺬﻱ‬
‫ﻟﺰﻣﻮﻩ ﻭﻗﺮﺑﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺴﺎﻛﺮ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ‪.‬‬

‫‪٨٤‬‬

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٨٦

‫ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﺟﻊ‬
‫ﻣﻮﺳــﻮﻋﺔ ﺗــﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﻌــﺎﱂ ‪،‬ﺗــﺄﻟﻴﻒ ﻭﻟﻴــﺎﻡ ﻻﳒــﺮ ﻭﺃﺷــﺮﻑ ﻋﻠــﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨــﺔ ﺩ‪.‬ﳏﻤــﺪ ﻣﺼــﻄﻔﻰ ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﺓ ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻌــﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ‪.‬ﺍﻟﻘــﺎﻫﺮﺓ‪-‬‬
‫ﻧﻴﻮﻳﻮﺭﻙ‪ .‬ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺔ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﻜﻠﲔ ﻟﻠﻄﺒﺎﻋﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ ‪١٩٦٨،‬ﻡ‪.‬‬
‫‪http://www.civilizationstory.com/civilization/page.php?pageN‬‬
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‫‪http://www.civilizationstory.com/civilization/page.php?pageN‬‬
‫‪umber=4719#bm‬‬
‫‪http://www.civilizationstory.com/civilization/page.php?pageN‬‬
‫‪umber=4720#bm‬‬

‫ﺗــﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﺑــﻦ ﺧﻠــﺪﻭﻥ ‪،‬ﺗــﺄﻟﻴﻒ ﻋﺒــﺪ ﺍﻟــﺮﲪﻦ ﺑــﻦ ﺧﻠــﺪﻭﻥ‪.‬ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻌــﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻭﱃ ‪.‬ﺑﲑﻭﺕ‪-‬ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ ‪.‬ﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ ‪.١٩٩٢،‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﻐــﺮﺏ ﰲ ﺃﺧﺒــﺎﺭ ﺍﻷﻧــﺪﻟﺲ ﻭﺍﳌﻐــﺮﺏ ‪،‬ﺗــﺄﻟﻴﻒ ﺍﺑــﻦ ﻋــﺬﺍﺭﻱ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺮﺍﻛﺸــﻲ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻌــﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ‪.‬ﺍﻟــﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻀــﺎﺀ‪-‬ﺍﳌﻐــﺮﺏ‪ .‬ﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓــﺔ‬
‫‪١٩٨٥،‬ﻡ‪.‬‬

‫‪٨٧‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻣــﻞ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘــﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪،‬ﺗــﺄﻟﻴﻒ ﺍﺑــﻦ ﺍﻷﺛــﲑ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻌــﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ‪ .‬ﺑــﲑﻭﺕ‬
‫ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ‪ .‬ﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ ‪١٩٨٧،‬ﻡ‪.‬‬

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