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M16 Petrophysical Modeling 2007

# M16 Petrophysical Modeling 2007

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12/26/2012

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# Petrel Workflow Tools

5 Day Introduction Course
Edit of Input Seismic Well Correlation Fault Modeling Pillar Gridding Depth Conversion

Facies Modeling

Edit Input Data

Intro to Petrel

Import data

Petrophysical Modeling

Plotting

Volume Calculation

Well Design

Process Manager

Petrophysical Modeling Objectives – Deterministic techniques – Stochastic techniques – Setting filters – Using many realizations – Define zones Discuss Different Petrophysical Modeling Techniques Learn How to Use Common Settings Learn How to Use Zone Settings Use The Different Algorithms Property Calculator – Sequential Gaussian Simulation – QC results .

Overview • • If well logs are up-scaled. Moving average Petrophysical Stochastic Regenerate local variation Sequential Gaussian Simulation SGS . deterministic methods cannot be used. Deterministic Interpolation with smooth effect Kriging. only unconditional stochastic methods. they can be used in Deterministic and Stochastic modeling If no logs are available.

Common Settings Two main buttons are available: • Common • Zone Settings Define Common settings for all zones: • Use filter • Ensure that all cells get a value • Number of realizations .

Select a method from the drop-down menu for the zone 1A 1B 2 A 2 B . Select zone of interest from the dropdown menu. Press the padlock button to open the settings for the selected zone B. Press the Zones button. Select proper modeling technique: A.Zone Settings 1. Define Zone settings for each zone: A. B. 2.

Make sure to pick the correct upscaled property ([U] as suffix). Variogram tab: A. Property and zone selection A. Nugget and Type B. B. Specify Range. Select SGS as method for the zone.Sequential Gaussian Simulation (SGS) – Set Up 1A 1. 2. or get a variogram from Data Analysis 3. Distribution tab: • Select Standard and From Upscaled logs Used if upscaled logs Used if no/few upscaled logs From distribution function 2B 1B 2A 3 .

and will backtransform the data. • Petrel will automatically do a Normal score transformation before the simulation. . • The output is distributed in a blurry manner.Sequential Gaussian Simulation (SGS) – Results SGS is a krig-based stochastic method • Needs a variogram. • Will honor the distribution of the input data (upscaled logs).

QC Results 1-3 4 QC results in a histogram: • Go to the Settings for the Property and select Histogram tab • Check that the Histogram follows the distribution from: 1) 2) 3) Raw logs Upscaled cells 3D grid 5 Filter: 4) Use Zone filter 5) Filter on other property values by pressing the filter button and go to Property filter in Settings for the Properties folder. .

txt file): • Toggle From file.Property Calculator – SW Property Example SW is a function of height above fluid contact. = x 2) Load a more advanced expression (. • Function (imported or made in Petrel (SW vs. permeability and porosity. This requires: • Above Contact property from Geometrical modeling. Two main options: 1) Type in a simple expression.mac/. height)). . browse and Run.

permeability modeling • Modeling based on seismic attributes .More Petrophysical Modeling in Petrel Property Modeling course (3 days) • Data analysis and basics of geostatistics • Data preparation. interactive facies modeling • Petrophysical modeling. porosity modeling. data analysis. object facies modeling (adaptive channel). including well correlation • Facies Modeling. sequential indicator simulation. facies transition simulation.

EXERCISE Petrophysical Modeling .

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