# Name:_______________ Form: Science Teacher: HM ST RA

Physical World
DO NOT OPEN THIS PAPER UNTIL INSTRUCTED. ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS IN BLUE OR BLACK PEN.
For Assessor’s use only

Year 10 Science Common Assessment Task 2011

Achievement Criteria Achievement with Merit
Demonstrate in-depth understanding of aspects of the physical world

Achievement
Demonstrate understanding of aspects of the physical world

Achievement with Excellence
Demonstrate comprehensive understanding of aspects of the physical word

Overall Level of Performance

Question 1
a) List two differences between static and current electicity.

b) If you wear woolen socks and drag them along the floor, you may gain the capability to give someone an 'electric shock'. Explain the principle of this in terms of static electricity.

c) Sally rubs a balloon with her fleece. After this, she waves the balloon over her head. He hair rises and stands on end, pointing towards the balloon. Explain what is happening in terms of static electricity, electron transfer and charges.

d) Draw a diagram of what could be happening when Sally rubs her the balloon on her fleece.

Question 2
a) Label the forces acting on the people (with their directions) in the following examples

b) Newton's 1st law of force and motion states that 'if the forces acting on an object are balanced, then the objetc will stay stationary or carry on at the same speed in the same direction'. On earth, what prevents moving object from having balanced forces when moving (causing perpetual motion)

c) Newton's second law of force and motion states that 'if unbalanced forces act on a object, then the object will accelerate in the direction which the force acts'. What is the net force of the ball in this diagram and what direction will it roll in? 8N 3N

d) Answer these questions i) What unit is force measured in?

ii) How do you calculate force?

iii) What is a force?

iv) What are some effects of force?

e) Explain the force friction and how it acts

Question 3
a) Circle the conductors out of these wood iron nail copper wire graphite in a pencil plastic

b) Define the following terms. State the units they are measured in and how you can measure them. Current

Potential Difference

Resistance

c) Draw and label three ammeters (A1, A2 and A3) in the circuit in a way that it would be possible for them to read 9A, 6A and 3A. Label which ammeter would read which. Fill the other gaps in with conducting wires

A1: A2: A3

d) Draw a series circuit with two lamps, a power pack set to 12V, three ammeters connected and a voltmeter around each bulb. Label the voltmeters and bulbs. Below, say the reading that would be on the ammeters and voltmeters.

e) Draw a parallel circuit diagram with two conducting pathways and a power pack set to 12V. Let one conducting pathway have two bulbs. Draw a voltmeter around each bulb label each. Below, say the readings on each voltmeter.

Question 4
a) What is the difference between 'mass' and 'weight'?

b) What is the formula to calculate someone's weight?

c) If someone has a mass of 55kgs, approximately what is their weight on earth?

d)Explain what gravity is in terms of masses (and how mass affects gravity)

Question 5
a) Write what the following stand for and represent R: V: I: P: b) Explain briefly what power is

c) Plot the following data on a graph below in the space provided Current (A) 1 2 3 4 Voltage (v) 5 10 15 20

d) What does the slope or gadient of this graph (rise/run) indicate?

e) Complete the equation below

power= c

X v

0

Question 6
a) Calculate the average speed of the object in motion in this graph. Show your working.
Distance 8

Time 4

b) Describe the motion of the object demonstrated by this graph.

c) Draw a distance time graph below that shows acceleration for three seconds then a constant rate for 2 seconds

Question 7
a) List three devices that use electromagnets

b) Explain what electromagnets are and how they work

c)Explain or show in a diagram the energy transformations obtaining energy from a renewable source

Question 8
a) List three types of simple machines

b) Describe ways of decreasing the effort force required when using pulleys and how it reduces this.

c) If you are given materials to make a seesaw type lever (i.e. for a fulcrum or pivot, and a platform/plank) and a load you need to lift, what can you do to decrease the effort force required (remembering that E x d= L x D)