19-0122; Rev 9; 9/09

Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
General Description
The MAX481, MAX483, MAX485, MAX487–MAX491, and MAX1487 are low-power transceivers for RS-485 and RS422 communication. Each part contains one driver and one receiver. The MAX483, MAX487, MAX488, and MAX489 feature reduced slew-rate drivers that minimize EMI and reduce reflections caused by improperly terminated cables, thus allowing error-free data transmission up to 250kbps. The driver slew rates of the MAX481, MAX485, MAX490, MAX491, and MAX1487 are not limited, allowing them to transmit up to 2.5Mbps. These transceivers draw between 120µA and 500µA of supply current when unloaded or fully loaded with disabled drivers. Additionally, the MAX481, MAX483, and MAX487 have a low-current shutdown mode in which they consume only 0.1µA. All parts operate from a single 5V supply. Drivers are short-circuit current limited and are protected against excessive power dissipation by thermal shutdown circuitry that places the driver outputs into a high-impedance state. The receiver input has a fail-safe feature that guarantees a logic-high output if the input is open circuit. The MAX487 and MAX1487 feature quarter-unit-load receiver input impedance, allowing up to 128 MAX487/ MAX1487 transceivers on the bus. Full-duplex communications are obtained using the MAX488–MAX491, while the MAX481, MAX483, MAX485, MAX487, and MAX1487 are designed for half-duplex applications.

__Next Generation Device Features
♦ For Fault-Tolerant Applications MAX3430: ±80V Fault-Protected, Fail-Safe, 1/4 Unit Load, +3.3V, RS-485 Transceiver MAX3440E–MAX3444E: ±15kV ESD-Protected, ±60V Fault-Protected, 10Mbps, Fail-Safe, RS-485/J1708 Transceivers ♦ For Space-Constrained Applications MAX3460–MAX3464: +5V, Fail-Safe, 20Mbps, Profibus RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers MAX3362: +3.3V, High-Speed, RS-485/RS-422 Transceiver in a SOT23 Package MAX3280E–MAX3284E: ±15kV ESD-Protected, 52Mbps, +3V to +5.5V, SOT23, RS-485/RS-422, True Fail-Safe Receivers MAX3293/MAX3294/MAX3295: 20Mbps, +3.3V, SOT23, RS-485/RS-422 Transmitters ♦ For Multiple Transceiver Applications MAX3030E–MAX3033E: ±15kV ESD-Protected, +3.3V, Quad RS-422 Transmitters ♦ For Fail-Safe Applications MAX3080–MAX3089: Fail-Safe, High-Speed (10Mbps), Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers ♦ For Low-Voltage Applications MAX3483E/MAX3485E/MAX3486E/MAX3488E/ MAX3490E/MAX3491E: +3.3V Powered, ±15kV ESD-Protected, 12Mbps, Slew-Rate-Limited, True RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
Ordering Information appears at end of data sheet.

MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487

________________________Applications
Low-Power RS-485 Transceivers Low-Power RS-422 Transceivers Level Translators Transceivers for EMI-Sensitive Applications Industrial-Control Local Area Networks

______________________________________________________________Selection Table
PART NUMBER MAX481 MAX483 MAX485 MAX487 MAX488 MAX489 MAX490 MAX491 MAX1487 HALF/FULL DUPLEX Half Half Half Half Full Full Full Full Half DATA RATE (Mbps) 2.5 0.25 2.5 0.25 0.25 0.25 2.5 2.5 2.5 SLEW-RATE LIMITED No Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No No LOWRECEIVER/ QUIESCENT POWER DRIVER CURRENT SHUTDOWN ENABLE (μA) Yes Yes No Yes No No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes 300 120 300 120 120 120 300 300 230 NUMBER OF RECEIVERS ON BUS 32 32 32 128 32 32 32 32 128 PIN COUNT 8 8 8 8 8 14 8 14 8

________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products

1

For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim Direct at 1-888-629-4642, or visit Maxim’s website at www.maxim-ic.com.

...... Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability...... VID = 200mV IO = 4mA....-55°C to +125°C Storage Temperature Range ..................+300°C Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device.... Figure 4 R = 27Ω or 50Ω......5V) Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C) 8-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 9.......5V to (VCC + 0....2 0.....0 0.4V -7V ≤ VCM ≤ 12V.00mW/°C above +70°C)..-40°C to +85°C MAX4_ _MJ_/MAX1487MJA ......... DI.....88mW/°C above +70°C).... B) IIN2 2 _______________________________________________________________________________________ ..... These are stress ratings only... Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487 ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS Supply Voltage (VCC) ....-8V to +12.....-8V to +12.......... B)... all devices except MAX487/MAX1487 MAX487/MAX1487.5 0......09mW/°C above +70°C)... VCC = 0V or 5. and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Figure 4 DE..800mW 8-Pin SO (derate 5..................471mW 14-Pin SO (derate 8.....830mW 8-Pin CERDIP (derate 8...4 ±1 VIN = 12V VIN = -7V VIN = 12V VIN = -7V -0.....5V Receiver Output Voltage (RO)....667mW 8-Pin µMAX (derate 4........ VID = -200mV 0......-0.640mW 14-Pin CERDIP (derate 9..............5 5 0..... RE DE....... DE = 0V. RE DE...09mW/°C above +70°C) ........2 70 2.........8 ±2 1......5V to (VCC + 0...0 mA -0............) (Notes 1.. all devices except MAX487/MAX1487 Receiver Input Resistance RIN -7V ≤ VCM ≤ 12V....... unless otherwise noted.5V to (VCC + 0.............25V Receiver Differential Threshold Voltage Receiver Input Hysteresis Receiver Output High Voltage Receiver Output Low Voltage Three-State (high impedance) Output Current at Receiver VTH ΔVTH VOH VOL IOZR -7V ≤ VCM ≤ 12V VCM = 0V IO = -4mA.. 10sec) .25 -0........Low-Power........4V ≤ VO ≤ 2......5V Receiver Input Voltage (A...33mW/°C above +70°C).. B)...... Figure 4 R = 27Ω or 50Ω...............12V Control Input Voltage (RE........................ Figure 4 R = 27Ω or 50Ω.2 mA V mV V V µA kΩ 2 1.2 3 0....... DI...1mW/°C above +70°C) ....25V....5V) Driver Output Voltage (A.... RE DE = 0V. DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VCC = 5V ±5%..2 CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX 5 UNITS V V V V V V V µA Input Current (A................. DE)....................-0....-0...-65°C to +160°C Lead Temperature (soldering.....00mW/°C above +70°C) .................8 0. VCC = 0V or 5.5V) Driver Input Voltage (DI).0°C to +70°C MAX4_ _E_ _/MAX1487E_ A ...727mW 14-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 10. DI...727mW Operating Temperature Ranges MAX4_ _C_ _/MAX1487C_ A .... MAX487/MAX1487 48 kΩ 12 3.. TA = TMIN to TMAX.................. 2) PARAMETER Differential Driver Output (no load) Differential Driver Output (with load) Change in Magnitude of Driver Differential Output Voltage for Complementary Output States Driver Common-Mode Output Voltage Change in Magnitude of Driver Common-Mode Output Voltage for Complementary Output States Input High Voltage Input Low Voltage Input Current SYMBOL VOD1 VOD2 ΔVOD VOC ΔVOD VIH VIL IIN1 R = 50Ω (RS-422) R = 27Ω (RS-485)......

tPHL RDIFF = 54Ω. CL1 = CL2 = 100pF tPHL tSKEW Figures 6 and 8. MAX491C/E CL1 = CL2 = 100pF MAX490M. 2) PARAMETER Driver Input to Output Driver Output Skew to Output Driver Rise or Fall Time Driver Enable to Output High Driver Enable to Output Low Driver Disable Time from Low Driver Disable Time from High Receiver Input to Output SYMBOL CONDITIONS tPLH Figures 6 and 8. CL = 15pF. S2 closed Figures 6 and 10. RDIFF = 54Ω. CRL = 15pF. MAX485. RDIFF = 54Ω. DE = 0V. S2 closed Figures 5 and 11. CL1 = CL2 = 100pF MAX490M. CRL = 15pF. Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued) (VCC = 5V ±5%. CL1 = CL2 = 100pF Figures 5 and 11. 2) PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MAX488/MAX489. RE = 0V or VCC MAX1487.) (Notes 1. CRL = 15pF. S1 closed Figures 5 and 11. MAX1487 MAX490C/E. S2 closed tZL Figures 7 and 9. TA = TMIN to TMAX.Low-Power. CL = 100pF. TA = TMIN to TMAX. DE. CRL = 15pF.5 50 MIN 10 10 3 5 3 TYP 30 30 5 15 15 15 40 40 40 40 90 90 90 13 20 20 20 20 200 50 50 50 50 600 MAX 60 60 10 40 25 40 70 70 70 70 200 150 200 UNITS ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns 20 20 20 | tPLH . S1 closed tLZ Figures 7 and 9.1 35 35 7 MAX 250 500 900 500 500 400 650 400 250 10 250 250 95 µA UNITS MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487 DE = 0V MAX481/483/487. DI. CL1 = CL2 = 100pF MAX481. RE = 0V or VCC MAX490/MAX491. RE = 0V or VCC No-Load Supply Current (Note 3) ICC MAX481/MAX485. RE = 0V or VCC Supply Current in Shutdown Driver Short-Circuit Current. S1 closed tHZ Figures 7 and 9. RE = 0V or VCC MAX483/MAX487. unless otherwise noted. CL = 15pF. tR.) (Notes 1. S2 closed MAX481 (Note 5) 2. MAX491M tSKD tZL tZH tLZ tHZ fMAX tSHDN Figures 6 and 10. DI. MAX1487 (VCC = 5V ±5%. MAX1487 Figures 6 and 8. S1 closed Figures 5 and 11. DE. RE = VCC -7V ≤ VO ≤12V (Note 4) -7V ≤ VO ≤12V (Note 4) 0V ≤ VO ≤ VCC µA mA mA mA SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS—MAX481/MAX485. MAX485. MAX490/MAX491. MAX491C/E tPLH. tF RDIFF = 54Ω. MAX491M tZH Figures 7 and 9. RDIFF = 54Ω. VO = High Driver Short-Circuit Current. unless otherwise noted. VO = Low Receiver Short-Circuit Current ISHDN IOSD1 IOSD2 IOSR DE = VCC DE = 0V DE = VCC DE = 0V DE = 5V MAX483 MAX487 MIN TYP 120 300 500 300 300 230 350 250 120 0. CL = 100pF.tPHL | Differential Receiver Skew Receiver Enable to Output Low Receiver Enable to Output High Receiver Disable Time from Low Receiver Disable Time from High Maximum Data Rate Time to Shutdown ns ns ns ns ns Mbps ns _______________________________________________________________________________________ 3 . MAX481. MAX490C/E.

S2 closed MAX483/MAX487. RDIFF = 54Ω. tF tZH tZL tLZ tHZ tPLH tPHL tSKD tZL tZH tLZ tHZ fMAX tSHDN tZH(SHDN) tZL(SHDN) tZH(SHDN) tZL(SHDN) CONDITIONS Figures 6 and 8. unless otherwise noted. S2 closed. RDIFF = 54Ω.Low-Power. S1 closed 250 50 200 600 2000 2000 2500 2500 250 250 250 300 300 250 250 100 20 20 20 20 50 50 50 50 MIN 250 250 TYP 800 800 100 MAX 2000 2000 800 2000 2000 2000 3000 3000 2000 2000 UNITS ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns kbps ns ns ns ns ns I tPLH . B . CL = 100pF.) (Notes 1. S1 closed Figures 7 and 9.B = 2V Figures 5 and 11. S1 closed Figures 5 and 11. S2 closed Figures 6 and 10. CRL = 15pF. S1 closed Figures 5 and 11. MAX487/MAX488/MAX489 (VCC = 5V ±5%. Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487 SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS—MAX481/MAX485. CL1 = CL2 = 100pF Figures 6 and 8. S2 closed Figures 7 and 9. TA = TMIN to TMAX. CL = 15pF. S2 closed Figures 7 and 9. CL = 100pF.A = 2V MIN TYP 40 40 300 300 MAX 100 100 1000 1000 UNITS ns ns ns ns Driver Enable from Shutdown to tZH(SHDN) Output High (MAX481) Driver Enable from Shutdown to tZL(SHDN) Output Low (MAX481) Receiver Enable from Shutdown tZH(SHDN) to Output High (MAX481) Receiver Enable from Shutdown tZL(SHDN) to Output Low (MAX481) SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS—MAX483. CL = 15pF. TA = TMIN to TMAX. CL = 100pF. MAX490/MAX491. RDIFF = 54Ω. CL = 100pF. S2 closed tPLH. Figures 7 and 9. CRL = 15pF. CL = 15pF. CL = 100pF. 2) PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS Figures 7 and 9. tPHL < 50% of data period MAX483/MAX487 (Note 5) MAX483/MAX487. MAX1487 (continued) (VCC = 5V ±5%. A . RDIFF = 54Ω. S1 closed. Figures 5 and 11. CRL = 15pF. Figures 7 and 9. CL1 = CL2 = 100pF Figures 6 and 8. S2 closed MAX483/MAX487. CL1 = CL2 = 100pF Figures 7 and 9. S2 closed Figures 5 and 11. CL1 = CL2 = 100pF Figures 6 and 10. S1 closed MAX483/MAX487. unless otherwise noted. S1 closed Figures 7 and 9. S1 closed Figures 5 and 11.) (Notes 1. Figures 5 and 11. RDIFF = 54Ω. CL = 100pF. CL1 = CL2 = 100pF Figures 5 and 11. CL = 15pF. CRL = 15pF. 2) PARAMETER Driver Input to Output Driver Output Skew to Output Driver Rise or Fall Time Driver Enable to Output High Driver Enable to Output Low Driver Disable Time from Low Driver Disable Time from High Receiver Input to Output SYMBOL tPLH tPHL tSKEW tR.tPHL I Differential Receiver Skew Receiver Enable to Output Low Receiver Enable to Output High Receiver Disable Time from Low Receiver Disable Time from High Maximum Data Rate Time to Shutdown Driver Enable from Shutdown to Output High Driver Enable from Shutdown to Output Low Receiver Enable from Shutdown to Output High Receiver Enable from Shutdown to Output Low 4 _______________________________________________________________________________________ . CL = 15pF. CL = 15pF.

Low-Power. TEMPERATURE DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V) 2.6 OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE (V) 4.8 2.4 125 0 0.1 2.4 3.0 1.1 0 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 IRO = 8mA 90 80 OUTPUT CURRENT (mA) 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2.0 1.5 5. the parts are guaranteed to have entered shutdown.7 0.5 2.2 2. Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers NOTES FOR ELECTRICAL/SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS Note 1: All currents into device pins are positive.5 3. Note 2: All typical specifications are given for VCC = 5V and TA = +25°C. RECEIVER OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE MAX481-02 RECEIVER OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE vs.8 OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE (V) 0.0 3.) OUTPUT CURRENT vs. MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487 __________________________________________Typical Operating Characteristics (VCC = 5V.0 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 IRO = 8mA MAX481-03 45 40 OUTPUT CURRENT (mA) 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 0 0.5 1.5 4.0 4. the parts are guaranteed not to enter shutdown.5 2.0 4. Note 3: Supply current specification is valid for loaded transmitters when DE = 0V.2 0.3 0. If the inputs are in this state for less than 50ns.0 3.6 1.9 0.0 3.8 3.5 2. Note 4: Applies to peak current.5 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 TEMPERATURE (°C) DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V) TEMPERATURE (°C) _______________________________________________________________________________________ 5 .2 4.5 1.0 2.5 0.6 3. Note 5: The MAX481/MAX483/MAX487 are put into shutdown by bringing RE high and DE low. See Low-Power Shutdown Mode (MAX481/MAX483/MAX487) section. All voltages are referenced to device ground unless otherwise specified. TA = +25°C.8 1.0 OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE (V) OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE (V) TEMPERATURE (°C) RECEIVER OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE vs.5 3.4 4. RECEIVER OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE MAX481-01 OUTPUT CURRENT vs. If the inputs are in this state for at least 600ns.3 2. See Typical Operating Characteristics.0 1. all currents out of device pins are negative. TEMPERATURE MAX481-04 DRIVER OUTPUT CURRENT vs. TEMPERATURE 4.9 1.2 3.7 1.5 R = 54Ω MAX481-06 0.0 2.6 0.0 -20 -18 -16 OUTPUT CURRENT (mA) -14 -12 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 4.5 1.4 0. unless otherwise noted.5 4. DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT VOLTAGE MAX481-05 DRIVER DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT VOLTAGE vs.

MAX481. RE = VCC MAX485. DE = RE = X 100 MAX483/MAX487. Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487 ____________________________Typical Operating Characteristics (continued) (VCC = 5V. DE = RE = 0. RE = X. RE = X 200 100 MAX483/MAX487. DE = VCC. DE = 0. TA = +25°C. TEMPERATURE MAX481/MAX485. RE = X MAX1487. DE = VCC.Low-Power. RE = X MAX481-11 140 120 OUTPUT CURRENT (mA) 100 80 60 40 20 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 -120 -100 OUTPUT CURRENT (mA) -80 -60 -40 -20 0 600 500 SUPPLY CURRENT (μA) 400 300 200 100 MAX481. unless otherwise noted. DE = RE = 0 MAX490/MAX491. DE = VCC. DE = 0V. DE = 0. DRIVER OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE MAX481-07 OUTPUT CURRENT vs. DE = RE = X 0 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE (V) TEMPERATURE (°C) 12 OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE (V) MAX483/MAX487–MAX489 SUPPLY CURRENT vs. TEMPERATURE MAX481-12 MAX1487 SUPPLY CURRENT vs.) OUTPUT CURRENT vs. DE = VCC. RE = X MAX487. DE = 0. MAX488/MAX489. TEMPERATURE MAX481-13 600 500 SUPPLY CURRENT (μA) 600 500 SUPPLY CURRENT (μA) 400 300 200 MAX1487. DRIVER OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE MAX481-08 MAX481/MAX485/MAX490/MAX491 SUPPLY CURRENT vs. RE = VCC 0 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 TEMPERATURE (°C) 0 -60 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 TEMPERATURE (°C) 6 _______________________________________________________________________________________ . RE = X 400 300 MAX483.

7 9 10 — 12 — 11 14 1. Receiver Output Enable. they function as line receivers if RE is low. 8. RO will be high. a high on DI forces output Y high and output Z low. Figure 1. Driver Output Enable. The driver outputs. RO is enabled when RE is low. Y and Z. Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers ______________________________________________________________Pin Description PIN MAX481/MAX483/ MAX485/MAX487/ MAX1487 DIP/SO 1 2 µMAX 3 4 MAX488/ MAX490 DIP/SO 2 — µMAX 4 — MAX489/ MAX491 DIP/SO 2 3 RO RE Receiver Output: If A > B by 200mV. MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487/MAX1487 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit _______________________________________________________________________________________ 7 . TEST. are enabled by bringing DE high. Ground Noninverting Driver Output Inverting Driver Output Noninverting Receiver Input and Noninverting Driver Output Noninverting Receiver Input Inverting Receiver Input and Inverting Driver Output Inverting Receiver Input Positive Supply: 4.C. 1 R 8 7 6 VCC B A GND RO 1 R 8 VCC 7 B Rt 6 A 5 GND RE 2 DE 3 DI 4 D MAX481 MAX483 MAX485 MAX487 MAX1487 B Rt A R DE D DI 5 DIP/SO B VCC RO 1 2 3 8 A GND DI DE RE 2 DE 3 DI 4 D RO RE 4 MAX481 MAX483 MAX485 MAX487 MAX1487 μMAX 7 6 5 RE NOTE: PIN LABELS Y AND Z ON TIMING. Similarly. RO will be low. If A < B by 200mV. RO is high impedance when RE is high. While they are high impedance.25V No Connect—not internally connected NAME NAME FUNCTION FUNCTION MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487 3 5 — — 4 DE 4 5 — — 6 — 7 — 8 — TOP VIEW RO 6 7 — — 8 — 1 — 2 — 3 4 5 6 — 8 — 7 1 — 5 6 7 8 — 2 — 1 3 — 5 6. If the driver outputs are enabled. A low on DI forces output Y low and output Z high. 13 DI GND Y Z A A B B VCC N. Driver Input. AND WAVEFORM DIAGRAMS REFER TO PINS A AND B WHEN DE IS HIGH.Low-Power.75V ≤ VCC ≤ 5. the parts function as line drivers. TYPICAL OPERATING CIRCUIT SHOWN WITH DIP/SO PACKAGE. They are high impedance when DE is low.

MAX491. Any combination of MAX487/ MAX1487 and other RS-485 transceivers with a total of 32 unit loads or less can be put on the bus. MAX485. NC 1. and MAX489 are specified for data rates up to 250kbps. MAX489/MAX491 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit __________Applications Information The MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491 and MAX1487 are low-power transceivers for RS-485 and RS422 communications. and MAX1487 are half-duplex. MAX487. Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487 TOP VIEW VCC 1 RO 2 DI 3 GND 4 D R 8 7 6 5 A B Z Y DI 3 5 Y VCC 1 VCC MAX488 MAX490 D Rt 6 Z R RO DIP/SO 8 A B A VCC RO 1 2 3 4 8 Z Y GND DI 4 GND NOTE: TYPICAL OPERATING CIRCUIT SHOWN WITH DIP/SO PACKAGE. 13 3 RO 2 DI 5 VCC 14 9 Y VCC RE MAX489 MAX491 Rt 10 Z 12 A Rt 11 B N. _______________________________________________________________________________________ . the driver and receiver outputs are high impedance. The MAX488–MAX491 are full-duplex transceivers while the MAX481. MAX488. The MAX481. 1/4-unit-load receiver input impedance of the MAX487 and MAX1487 allows up to 128 transceivers on a bus. When disabled.C.C. MAX488/MAX490 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit TOP VIEW DE 4 14 V CC R 13 N. MAX483. and MAX1487 can transmit and receive at data rates up to 2. MAX490. MAX487. 1 RO 2 RE 3 DE 4 DI 5 GND 6 GND 7 D R RO R D DI DIP/SO 6. 12 A 11 B 10 Z D 9 8 Y N. MAX485. 8. The MAX481/MAX483/MAX485 and MAX488–MAX491 have standard 12kΩ Receiver Input impedance. MAX483.5Mbps. compared to the 1-unit load (12kΩ input impedance) of standard RS-485 drivers (32 transceivers maximum). 8 MAX487/MAX1487: 128 Transceivers on the Bus The 48kΩ. In addition. while the MAX483. MAX489. GND RO 2 R Rt 7 B D DI MAX488 MAX490 7 6 5 μMAX Figure 2. MAX491. MAX485. Driver Enable (DE) and Receiver Enable (RE) pins are included on the MAX481.C. and MAX1487. 7 RE GND GND DE Figure 3.Low-Power. MAX487.

minimizing EMI and reducing reflections caused by improperly terminated cables. Driver Timing Test Load MAX483/MAX487/MAX488/MAX489: Reduced EMI and Reflections The MAX483 and MAX487–MAX489 are slew-rate limited. Receiver Timing Test Load 3V DE DI Y VID Z CL1 RDIFF A RO B RE 500Ω OUTPUT UNDER TEST CL S1 VCC S2 CL2 Figure 6. MAX488. or MAX489 transmitting under the same conditions. MAX485. Driver/Receiver Timing Test Circuit Figure 7. MAX491. MAX487. Figure 13’s high-frequency harmonics have much lower amplitudes. High-frequency har- monics with large amplitudes are evident. Figure 13 shows the same information displayed for a MAX483. and the potential for EMI is significantly reduced. Figure 12 shows the driver output waveform and its Fourier analysis of a 150kHz signal transmitted by a MAX481. _______________________________________________________________________________________ 9 . MAX490.Low-Power. Driver DC Test Load Figure 5. or MAX1487. Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers _________________________________________________________________Test Circuits MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487 Y R VOD R Z VOC S2 TEST POINT RECEIVER OUTPUT CRL 15pF 1kΩ VCC S1 1kΩ Figure 4.

2V < -0. tZH tHZ 2.V (Z) 90% 90% tF 10% Y.5V VCC RO tZL(SHDN). tZL tLZ VOL + 0.5V VOL + 0.5V tPHL INPUT OUTPUT tPLH 0V RO 0V tZH(SHDN). tZL Z VO Y 1/2 VO VO VDIFF 0V -VO 10% tR tSKEW = | tPLH . Receiver Propagation Delays Figure 11. Driver Enable and Disable Times (except MAX488 and MAX490) 3V RE 0V RO VOH VOL VID -VID 0V 1.0. Receiver Enable and Disable Times (except MAX488 and MAX490) _________________Function Tables (MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487/MAX1487) Table 1. Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487 _______________________________________________________Switching Waveforms 3V DI 0V 1.5V tLZ 3V DE 0V 1. Z 2. Z VOL Y.2V Inputs open X OUTPUT RO 1 0 1 High-Z* X = Don’t care High-Z = High impedance *Shutdown mode for MAX481/MAX483/MAX487 10 X = Don’t care High-Z = High impedance *Shutdown mode for MAX481/MAX483/MAX487 ______________________________________________________________________________________ .5V 1.Low-Power.5V Figure 10.5V 1/2 VO tZL(SHDN).5V 1.5V tPLH tPHL 1.5V 1.3V 0V tZH(SHDN). Receiving INPUTS DE 0 0 0 0 A-B > +0. tZH tHZ 1.0.5V Figure 8. Transmitting INPUTS RE X X 0 1 DE 1 1 0 0 DI 1 0 X X Z 0 1 High-Z High-Z* OUTPUTS Y 1 0 High-Z High-Z* RE 0 0 0 1 Table 2.5V 1.5V OUTPUT NORMALLY LOW OUTPUT NORMALLY HIGH A-B VOH . Driver Propagation Delays Figure 9.3V OUTPUT NORMALLY LOW OUTPUT NORMALLY HIGH VOH .tPHL | VDIFF = V (Y) .5V 1.

Low-Power. Typical propagation delays are shown in Figures 15–18 using Figure 14’s test circuit. MAX491. the tZH and tZL enable times assume the part was not in the lowpower shutdown state (the MAX485/MAX488–MAX491 and MAX1487 can not be shut down). The difference in receiver delay times. DE inputs equal a logical 0. and MAX1487.) Driver Output Protection Excessive output current and power dissipation caused by faults or by bus contention are prevented by two mechanisms. The tZH(SHDN) and tZL(SHDN) enable times assume the parts were shut down (see Electrical Characteristics). the parts are guaranteed to enter shutdown. In addition. the parts are guaranteed not to enter shutdown if RE is high and DE is low for less than 50ns.1µA of supply current. MAX491. Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487 10dB/div 10dB/div 0Hz 500kHz/div 5MHz 0Hz 500kHz/div 5MHz Figure 12. and MAX1487 and is typically less than 100ns for the MAX483 and MAX487–MAX489. MAX485. Driver Output Waveform and FFT Plot of MAX483/ MAX487–MAX489 Transmitting a 150kHz Signal Low-Power Shutdown Mode (MAX481/MAX483/MAX487) A low-power shutdown mode is initiated by bringing both RE high and DE low. (The parts are in operating mode if the RE . A foldback current limit on the output stage provides immediate protection against short circuits over the whole common-mode voltage range (see Typical Operating Characteristics). MAX490. | tPLH . 0. MAX483.1 or 0. In shutdown. and MAX487. MAX490. It takes the drivers and receivers longer to become enabled from the low-power shutdown state (tZH(SHDN). For the MAX481. tZL). MAX485. ______________________________________________________________________________________ 11 . RE and DE may be driven simultaneously. the devices typically draw only 0. If the inputs are in this state for at least 600ns.1 or 1. Driver Output Waveform and FFT Plot of MAX481/ MAX485/MAX490/MAX491/MAX1487 Transmitting a 150kHz Signal Figure 13.tPHL |. a thermal shutdown circuit forces the driver outputs into a high-impedance state if the die temperature rises excessively. The devices will not shut down unless both the driver and receiver are disabled. Propagation Delay Many digital encoding schemes depend on the difference between the driver and receiver propagation delay times. tZL(SHDN)) than from the operating mode –– — (tZH. and are typically 100ns (800ns max) for the MAX483 and MAX487–MAX489. The driver skew times are typically 5ns (10ns max) for the MAX481. is typically under 13ns for the MAX481.

tF < 6ns D Y R = 54Ω A B R RECEIVER OUT 100pF Figure 14. MAX487–MAX489 Receiver tPLH 12 ______________________________________________________________________________________ . MAX481/MAX485/MAX490/MAX491/MAX1487 Receiver tPLH A 500mV/div VCC = 5V TA = +25°C B 500mV/div VCC = 5V TA = +25°C B RO 2V/div A 2V/div RO 400ns/div 400ns/div Figure 17. MAX483. Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487 100pF Z TTL IN tR. MAX483.Low-Power. MAX481/MAX485/MAX490/MAX491/MAX1487 Receiver tPHL Figure 16. MAX487–MAX489 Receiver tPHL Figure 18. Receiver Propagation Delay Test Circuit A 500mV/div VCC = 5V TA = +25°C B 500mV/div VCC = 5V TA = +25°C B RO A 2V/div 2V/div RO 20ns/div 20ns/div Figure 15.

DI 5V 0V DI 5V 0V 1V VY-VZ 0V -1V VY-VZ 1V 0V -1V RO 5V 0V RO 5V 0V 2μs/div 2μs/div Figure 19. MAX487–MAX489 System Differential Voltage at 110kHz Driving 4000ft of Cable 120Ω DI B 120Ω B DE D DE RO RE A B A B A A D DI R R RO RE R MAX481 MAX483 MAX485 MAX487 MAX1487 D D R DI DE RO RE DI DE RO RE Figure 21. Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers Line Length vs. Data Rate The RS-485/RS-422 standard covers line lengths up to 4000 feet. the line should be terminated at both ends in its characteristic impedance. MAX487–MAX491. and MAX1487 transceivers are designed for bidirectional data communications on multipoint bus transmission lines. MAX483.Low-Power. The slew-rate-limited MAX483 and MAX487–MAX489 are more tolerant of imperfect termination. and stub lengths off the main line should be kept as short as possible. For line lengths greater than 4000 feet. MAX483. To minimize reflections. with cable lengths longer than 4000 feet. see Figure 23. Figures 21 and 22 show typical network applications circuits. as shown in Figure 23. MAX481/MAX485/MAX490/MAX491/MAX1487 System Differential Voltage at 110kHz Driving 4000ft of Cable Figure 20. MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487 Typical Applications The MAX481. MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487/MAX1487 Typical Half-Duplex RS-485 Network ______________________________________________________________________________________ 13 . These parts can also be used as line repeaters. Figures 19 and 20 show the system differential voltage for the parts driving 4000 feet of 26AWG twisted-pair wire at 110kHz into 120Ω loads. MAX485.

MAX488–MAX491 Full-Duplex RS-485 Network Isolated RS-485 MAX488–MAX491 A RO RE DE DI For isolated RS-485 applications. R 120Ω B DATA IN Z D 120Ω Y DATA OUT NOTE: RE AND DE ON MAX489/MAX491 ONLY. Figure 22. Line Repeater for MAX488–MAX491 14 ______________________________________________________________________________________ . Figure 23. Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487 A RO RE DE Z DI Y 120Ω 120Ω Z DE B 120Ω 120Ω Y Z B A Y Z B A A RE RO R B D DI D Y R R D D R MAX488–MAX491 DI DE RE RO DI DE RE RO NOTE: RE AND DE ON MAX489/MAX491 ONLY. see the MAX253 and MAX1480 data sheets.Low-Power.

Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers _______________Ordering Information PART MAX481CPA MAX481CSA MAX481CUA MAX481C/D MAX481EPA MAX481ESA MAX481MJA MAX483CPA MAX483CSA MAX483CUA MAX483C/D MAX483EPA MAX483ESA MAX483MJA MAX485CPA MAX485CSA MAX485CUA MAX485C/D MAX485EPA MAX485ESA MAX485MJA MAX487CPA MAX487CSA MAX487CUA MAX487C/D MAX487EPA MAX487ESA MAX487MJA MAX488CPA MAX488CSA MAX488CUA MAX488C/D MAX488EPA MAX488ESA MAX488MJA MAX489CPD MAX489CSD MAX489C/D MAX489EPD MAX489ESD MAX489MJD TEMP.032mm) A N.080" (2. RANGE 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C -40°C to +85°C -40°C to +85°C -55°C to +125°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C -40°C to +85°C -40°C to +85°C -55°C to +125°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C -40°C to +85°C -40°C to +85°C -55°C to +125°C PIN-PACKAGE 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 µMAX Dice* 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 CERDIP 14 Plastic DIP 14 SO Dice* 14 Plastic DIP 14 SO 14 CERDIP 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 µMAX Dice* 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 CERDIP *Contact factory for dice specifications.C.C. N.054" (1. B 0. _________________Chip Topographies MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487/MAX1487 V CC RO RE DE DI GND 0.Low-Power.372mm) ______________________________________________________________________________________ 15 . RANGE 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C -40°C to +85°C -40°C to +85°C -55°C to +125°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C -40°C to +85°C -40°C to +85°C -55°C to +125°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C -40°C to +85°C -40°C to +85°C -55°C to +125°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C -40°C to +85°C -40°C to +85°C -55°C to +125°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C -40°C to +85°C -40°C to +85°C -55°C to +125°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C -40°C to +85°C -40°C to +85°C -55°C to +125°C PIN-PACKAGE 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 µMAX Dice* 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 CERDIP 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 µMAX Dice* 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 CERDIP 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 µMAX Dice* 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 CERDIP 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 µMAX Dice* 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 CERDIP 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 µMAX Dice* 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 CERDIP 14 Plastic DIP 14 SO Dice* 14 Plastic DIP 14 SO 14 CERDIP MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487 __Ordering Information (continued) PART MAX490CPA MAX490CSA MAX490CUA MAX490C/D MAX490EPA MAX490ESA MAX490MJA MAX491CPD MAX491CSD MAX491C/D MAX491EPD MAX491ESD MAX491MJD MAX1487CPA MAX1487CSA MAX1487CUA MAX1487C/D MAX1487EPA MAX1487ESA MAX1487MJA TEMP.

go to www. PACKAGE TYPE 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 µMAX 8 CERDIP 14 Plastic DIP 14 SO 14 CERDIP PACKAGE CODE P8-1 S8-2 U8-1 J8-2 P14-3 S14-1 J14-3 DOCUMENT NO.com/packages.080" (2.C.372mm) RO RE DE DI GND 0.054" (1.maxim-ic. but the drawing pertains to the package regardless of RoHS status. N. DI GND 0.032mm) Y MAX489/MAX491 V CC A B Z 0. Package drawings may show a different suffix character. “#”.Low-Power.372mm) TRANSISTOR COUNT: 248 SUBSTRATE CONNECTED TO GND Package Information For the latest package outline information and land patterns. 21-0043 21-0041 21-0036 21-0045 21-0043 21-0041 21-0045 16 ______________________________________________________________________________________ . Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487 _____________________________________________Chip Topographies (continued) MAX488/MAX490 V CC RO N.080" (2.032mm) Y A B 0.C. or “-” in the package code indicates RoHS status only.054" Z (1. Note that a “+”.

” DESCRIPTION PAGES CHANGED — 1 MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491 Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. CA 94086 408-737-7600 ____________________ 17 © 2009 Maxim Integrated Products Maxim is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products. Inc. Sunnyvale. . Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time.Low-Power. No circuit patent licenses are implied. Maxim Integrated Products. 120 San Gabriel Drive. Changed column name in Selection Table to “Number of Receivers on Bus. Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers Revision History REVISION NUMBER 0 9 REVISION DATE 1/93 9/09 Initial release.

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