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

-7  < 8  . ≠ .  11 .     "    *     2       .-7  .

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./  ..  = = & @ .-7  < 8 ..-" 6      .- "<.7 .7  .-7   8 .7    7  . + ./5&/1&*.-7  .. =  +  = .-7  < 8 .-7  .-7   8 ./ .8 . =  + & = & @       ./ .8 .. = . @      . /51/ ..  + & 1..  +  .-7  .7 ( .  = = &9 @ ./&5&/1*. = ( .-7  ./5&/& .

. : = = :.-. .

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.-    ./ .

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. . ( ( = = = &:.-  <.

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1.

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1.

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1 .

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1 .

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1.

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1 .

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   3     3   = "+&* $+.

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1 .

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 ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟ 1 .

   4 ⎝ σ ⎠ 1 − 3   .

   − 3   = −  − 3   =  −μ  −   −  =   σ  ⎛  − μ  4 − 4 ⎞ <   4 .

 ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟ 1 .

1.

     4 ⎝ σ ⎠ 1 3   .

   3     3   = 9: − μ 9: −    = 9:   σ  "+&* $+ .

 1 # .

   3    3  =  −   −μ   =  σ    .

 1 3  .

   3    3  =  −μ  −      = σ   "+&* $+.

1 3  .

   3    3  =  −μ  −    =   σ  "+&* $+.

."+)< "!#  6 μ  4 σ  4* σ    ⎛  − μ  −  ⎞ > ⎟ 1  .

212 .

2   .

 ⎜   ⎠ ⎝ σ ⎛  − μ  −  ⎞ < ⎟ 1 .

   .

 ⎜   ⎠ ⎝ σ  ⎛  − μ  −  ⎞ > ⎟ 1 .

1.

    .

 ⎜  ⎠ ⎝ σ ⎛  − μ −  ⎞ < ⎟ 1.

  .

 ⎜  ⎠ ⎝ σ ⎛  − μ −   ⎞ < ⎟ 1.

   .

 ⎜    ⎠ ⎝ σ ⎛  − μ  −   ⎞ > ⎟ 1  .

21 .

2     .

 ⎜    ⎠ ⎝ σ   > .

=   >  .

= −  .

=   <  .

=  − −  .

  < .

=  − −  .

   > .

=   < .

=  −   − .

− −  = − = − − .

− .

= = = −   − − −     −    .

−.

  <  < .

= − .

− = − − −    .

   λ =!'+>")#0+&"=!'+>")0)!*&$  >  .

= − .

− =   μ =  0 λ =  +&"# λ  " =+/*#0+&" −  .

 > .

= − =    λ  $"&=#0+&"$"&=0)!*&$   >  .

= −  .

= − − .

                                                                                                            μ =  0 λ  )!*&$ # λ &#$+) "0)!*&$  <  .

=  −  − = −     μ =  0 λ )!*&$ # λ # "?! 0)!*&$  < .

=  − − .

− = −    μ =  0 λ  )!*&$ # λ # "?! 0)!*&$  < .

=  − − .

= − −       μ =  0 λ  # +*# λ  $"*#$!+*#0# +* $"*#$!+*#0)!*&$  > .

= − .

= −   μ =  0 λ )!*&$ # λ &#$+) "#0)!*&$  >  .

= −  .

= −                                 .

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