©

r p clarke 2003

1

STAAD BASICS
- NOTES ON THE EFFECTIVE USE OF STAAD-PRO REL 3.1 -

- FOR STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS -

By R. P. Clarke

1 SIGN CONVENTION 1.0 SKELETAL STRUCTURES – STATIC LOADS 1.2 FUNDAMENTAL COMMANDS EXAMPLE 14 14 15 .1 3.2 2.2 FUNDAMENTAL COMMANDS 1.3 EXAMPLE 3 5 6 2.© r p clarke 2003 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 SKELETAL STRUCTURES .0 CONTINUUM STRUCTURES – STATIC LOADS 2.1 2.3 SIGN CONVENTION FUNDAMENTAL COMMANDS EXAMPLE 9 9 11 11 3.DYNAMIC LOADS 3.

and for important structures. (3): Computer programs usually have bugs. For section 1. blind faith should not be placed in STAAD or any other engineering program. effective structural systems. the connection behavior. 1. and each node has a unique number. Each member also has a unique number and the topology of the member is defined relative to the node numbers at its ends.0 it is presumed that the reader understands the fundamentals of Plate Theory.© r p clarke 2003 3 STAAD BASICS The following is a description of fundamental considerations for the effective use of STAAD-PRO Release 3.0 SKELETAL STRUCTURES – STATIC LOADS 1. (2): The procedures used in programs are not transparent to the user. It must be mentioned however that since STAAD is a computer program. (1): The results are only as good as the modeling of the structure in terms of load effects representation. The location of each node is defined relative to a global coordinate system. parallel hand calculations for the analysis and design of the structure be done as well.1 SIGN CONVENTION It is vital to understand the STAAD coordinate system in order to properly use STAAD. (4): Dependence on software can reduce the engineer's intuition of the actual behavior of the structure. This establishes the "MEMBER INCIDENCES" table. This is needed to ensure that the input data is as intended. This is due to the following factors.0 it is presumed that the reader understands Structural Dynamic Analysis by the Lumped Mass Time History Method. there are 2 Cartesian coordinate systems . and for the interpretation of the analysis results. The geometry of the structure as a whole is defined by the nodes at the ends of the various structural members.the local and the global. For section 2. the origin of the global coordinate system is at node number 1. Coordinate Systems: Since STAAD uses the Matrix Displacement Method of structural analysis.0 it is presumed that the reader understands Structural Theory and the Stiffness Matrix Method of Structural Analysis. It is therefore strongly recommended that until at least one year's experience of continually using STAAD is obtained. For section 3. and the Finite Element Method based on the stiffness formulation. . and the material idealizations.1 for the analysis of structures. By default.

FORCES AT A SECTION OF A MEMBER This applies to the sign of the quantity in the STAAD member stress diagram such as the bending moment diagram.© r p clarke 2003 4 The location of points or sections within each structural member is defined relative to the local coordinate system with the origin at the left end node of the member viewed horizontally. Each member has its own local coordinate system. POSITIVE FORCE AT THE SECTION NEGATIVE FORCE AT THE SECTION Bending: Mz Axial: Fx Shear: Fy B. FORCES ACTING ON A MEMBER'S END In STAAD this is called the "MEMBER END FORCES" POSITIVE FORCE ON THE MEMBER NEGATIVE FORCE ON THE MEMBER Bending: Mz Axial: Fx Shear: Fy Torsion: Mx . A.

8. 9. 4. 11. The example problem at the end of this section shows the complete syntax for common commands. etc (MEMBER PROPERTY) Define the mechanical properties of the members such as the Young's modulus.bmd. Define whether the problem is 2D or 3D (STAAD PLANE or SPACE) Define the length and force units (UNITS) Define the nodes and their locations (JOINT COORDINATES) Define the member and their nodes (MEMBER INCIDENCES) Define the section properties of the members.std file as its input and automatically creates an output file with the extension . (or code loads) (MEMBER LOAD or JOINT LOAD) Define the load combinations (LOAD COMB) Analyse the structure (PERFORM ANALYSIS) Define the output format (PRINT) Finish the run (FINISH) These commands are stored automatically in STAAD in a file with the extension . By using the "File" menu STAAD reads the . 13. 12. STAAD creates a database for your analysis. displacements. 6. . 7. 3. Each of the command keywords presented in brackets . reactions.dsp. The PRE-PROCESSOR is a set of functions within STAAD that you select from the menus of STAAD's GUI.they are the keywords of the commands. and files for the bending moments . The complete commands follow a particular syntax to completely describe the problem. joint loads. STAAD also creates certain other output files for its internal use. you can also write the input file independantly of STAAD and just refer to it when you enter STAAD to run the analysis. the most effective use of STAAD is when you use the PRE-PROCESSOR of STAAD to write the . Though you can use a totally character-based approach with STAAD. the following are fundamental steps and STAAD command keywords shown in the brackets: 1. . Therefore.© r p clarke 2003 5 1. . amomg others.2 FUNDAMENTAL ANALYSIS COMMANDS Regardless of the structure being analysed. This file is also a text file and is useful for including in calculation reports. This file is formatted as an ASCII text file which means that it can be edited outside of STAAD with a word processor or any other text editor. density.rea.std for you. 5. 2.anl.dbs. etc (CONSTANTS) Define the support conditions (SUPPORTS) Define the load cases (LOAD) Define the loads of each load case as member loads. The aforementioned STAAD commands are incomplete by themselves .std. Ix. 10.

std file .3 EXAMPLE 1: The following is the . for the analysis of a 3D 1-bay portal frame carrying a slab under an unfactored floor load of 6 kN/m2 and unfactored joint loads of 30 kN at 2 of the upper joints.ex1. and the . .© r p clarke 2003 6 earlier has an icon or menu that you click on to create the commands in the . To do this you just click on the icon for each.std.anl file as well after analysis.std file. From within STAAD you can see the contents of the . The command keywords are in BOLD. This puts the file on the screen and you can edit the file from there if you wish.std file at any time. 1.

572 4.572 0 0. The self-weight of the members is automatically calculated by STAAD using the SELFWEIGHT Y -1 command.572 4.572. MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 TO 4 PRIS YD 0. 6 2 7. If we wanted to know the internal forces at the ends of say the members 1 and 5 included in the output data.2 PERFORM ANALYSIS FINISH Note that the above figure shows the loading for the factored loads. 8 7 8. 8 4. STAAD automatically calculates the load on the beams supporting the 2-way spanning slab.572.572 0. 5 6 8. we would put the following commands after the "PERFORM ANALYSIS" command: PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 1 PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 5 . 2 3 6.5 2 1.572 4.572.35 5 TO 8 PRIS YD 0. 6 0 4.© r p clarke 2003 7 STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE 1 START JOB INFORMATION JOB NAME EXAMPLE 1 JOB CLIENT UWI STUDENTS JOB NO 024 ENGINEER NAME rpc ENGINEER DATE 09-Aug-03 END JOB INFORMATION INPUT WIDTH 79 UNIT METER KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0. 2 0 4. 4 4.572 4. 3 4 8. Also. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2. 7 4. 4 5 7. 5 4.5e+007 MEMB 1 TO 8 POISSON 0.572 0.572 0 4.2e-011 MEMB 1 TO 8 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 8 SUPPORTS 1 3 TO 5 FIXED LOAD 1 FLOOR LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1 FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 0 6 FLOAD -6 LOAD 2 JOINT LOAD JOINT LOAD 2 6 FX 30 LOAD COMB 3 FLOOR PLUS JOINT 1 1. 3 0 0 4.5 ZD 0.35 CONSTANTS E CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 8 E 2.17 MEMB 1 TO 8 DENSITY 24 MEMB 1 TO 8 ALPHA 1. by using the FLOOR LOAD command. 7 2 6.572.35 ZD 0.

14 14.92 14.92 -2.14 14.14 78.14 20.95 36.00 0.00 0.00 0.36 -22.00 0.69 54.00 0.40 -50.10 -14.02 -15.92 15.38 -4.21 -14.13 -58.00 0.00 0.42 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** MEMBER END FORCES ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.00 0.38 0.64 -13.94 25.95 -8.© r p clarke 2003 8 The output data from the file ex1.02 13.42 -8.00 0.00 0.00 0.92 2.42 -52.31 32.00 0.00 -6.00 0.37 -32.00 0.KN METE MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 3 1 2 1 2 1 2 63.00 0.98 22.00 0.34 -2.37 36.42 -4.62 0.00 -4.KN MEMBER LOAD JT STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE METE AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 5 1 2 3 6 8 6 8 6 8 2.63 -13.16 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** .92 -2.10 25.00 4.00 0.92 0.00 0.29 -25.98 -14.42 -8.00 0.36 25.anl that corresponds to these commands are as follows: MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.95 -32.64 2.95 0.00 0.

etc) are modelled in STAAD by using finite elements. walls. shells. Common rules for the use of finite element modelling apply and will not be repeated here and it is presumed that section 1.0 has been covered. slabs. The following is with respect to the element of the STAAD library which can be quadrilateral or triangular. 2. tanks.© r p clarke 2003 9 2.0 CONTINUUM STRUCTURES – STATIC LOADS Continuum structures (plates.1 SIGN CONVENTION The sign convention is as follows: Fxy Fx Fy MEMBRANE FORCES QX MXY QY MYX QX MY MX MYX QY MXY BENDING MOMENTS & TRANSVERSE SHEAR .

Bending moments stated as moment per unit length. FY. all corner nodes of the element. The items included in the ELEMENT FORCE output are: QX. and for transverse shear: down-to-the-left and up-to-the-right is positive. FX. Principal stresses stated as force per unit area. QY Transverse shear forces stated as force per unit length per unit element thickness. The x-axis is aligned with a line connecting the mid-points of IL and JK. MXY SMAX. FXY MX. MY. and at any user-specified point within the element. ELEMENT FORCE outputs are available at the centre node of the element.© r p clarke 2003 10 The diagrams above show the positive direction of the forces relative to the following local coordinate system. SMIN TMAX . the x-y-z axes are not orthogonal to the edges or surfaces of the element. the z-axis is orthogonal to lines connecting the mid-points of ILJK to those connecting the mid-points of IJ-KL. Membrane forces stated as force per unit length per unit element thickness. and the y-axis is orthogonal to the x and z axes so defined. Maximum in-plane shear stress stated as force per unit area. for bending moments: hogging is positive. Note that for non-rectangular and triangular elements. Z Top surface L Y K I J X Bottom surface Hence for axial direct forces: tension is positive.

5 6.0 3.0 0.0. 48 4. 13 3.0 4.0.5.5 6.0.5 1. 14 3. 12 3.5. 2 0 1.5 0.5 4. 15 3.5 4. 20 4.5 0.0.5 3.5 6. 11 3.0m x 6. 41 6.5.0.5 4.0 1. 16 4.0 0. STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT MODEL OF TANK STRUCTURE START JOB INFORMATION ENGINEER DATE 10-Feb-04 END JOB INFORMATION UNIT MET KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0. 32 6.0 0.0 4.5 1. 44 6.0 0 1. 23 6. 40 6. 35 6. 24 6.5 0.0 0 3.5 1.5 6.0 6.0 1. The selfweight of the finite elements is converted to joint loads at the connected nodes and is not used as an element pressure load.5 0.0.0 6.5 1. .5 4. 10 1.0 0 0.5 6.0 3.0.5 4. 33 6.0 6.0. 6 1.0 0.0 3. 30 6. 50 4.2 FUNDAMENTAL COMMANDS The fundamental commands for finite element analysis using STAAD closely follow those for the skeletal or frame member analysis. 19 4.0.0.0 1. 22 6. 49 4. 43 6.0.© r p clarke 2003 11 ANGLE The orientation of the principal plane stated in degrees measured anti-clockwise from the local x-axis.0. 17 4.5 0.0 0 6. Both frame members and finite elements can be used together in STAAD but the ELEMENT INCIDENCES command must immediately follow the MEMBER INCIDENCES command.5.0 0.0 6.5 3. 2.0.0 0.0 1.5 0. 26 6.0 1.5 0.0 4.0 6.0 4. 37 6. 5 0 6.5 3. The following is the STAAD .0 3.0 0 6. 28 6. 18 4.0 3.0 3.0 1.5 0 6.0 6.0 0. The top and bottom surfaces are identified on the basis of the direction of the local z-axis. 31 6.0 0. 27 6. 8 1.5 0.0 3.5 6.5.0 4. 21 6. 39 6.3 EXAMPLE 2 Analyse an uncovered reinforced concrete tank of dimensions 6.5 0.5 3.5 0 0.0 0.5 0 0. 45 6. 7 1.0 0. 29 6.0 3. The tank is filled with water and rests on rigid ground.0m x 6. 4 0 4.0 1. 38 6.0 6.0 6.std file for a model of the tank. 47 4.5.0 0 4.5.0 6.0.5.0m with walls and base 200mm thick. ELEMENT PROPERTY command. 42 6.5 6.0. 46 4.5.0.0 4.5 3. 3 0 3. 9 1. The following are the essential differences: • • ELEMENT INCIDENCES command.5. 25 6.0 1. 36 6.0 4.0 0 0.5 0. 2.5 1. 34 6. 51 3.0 4.0 6.

5 0 3. 58 1.5. 30 37 38 43 42. 56 69 70 75 74.0 6.5 6. 63 78 79 4 3. 68 66 83 56 61.5 6. 66 0 0 4. 73 0 3.5 3.0 4. 8 9 10 15 14. 72 0 1. ELEMENT PROPERTY 1 TO 80 THICKNESS 0.0 6.0. 11 13 14 19 18.0 1. 23 28 29 34 33.5 1. 17 21 22 27 26.0. at the locations indicated in the input file.5.0 0 3. 22 27 28 33 32. 67 0 1. 60 74 75 80 79. 41 51 52 57 56. 29 36 37 42 41. 54 3. 32 39 40 45 44.0. 77 0 1.0.5 0 3.0 6. 28 34 35 40 39.5. 59 1.© r p clarke 2003 12 52 3.0.5.5 1. 2 6 10 14 18 22 26 30 34 38 42 46 50 54 58 62 PR 45.5 6.20 CONSTANTS E 20000000. stresses.0. 51 63 64 69 68. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT JOINT DISPLACMENTS LIST 5 25 45 65 PRINT ELEMENT FORCE LIST 9 TO 16 DRAW ROTA X -20 Y 30 Z 20 STR 1 FINISH The following is part of the STAAD output for the displacements.0 3. 87 4. 60 1.5. 86 3. 67 71 82 83 66. 58 72 73 78 77.5. 48 59 60 65 64. 5 6 7 12 11.5 4. 74 84 87 88 85. 6 7 8 13 12.5. 4 4 5 10 9. 53 3. 80 89 36 41 46. 82 1. 15 18 19 24 23. 20 24 25 30 29. 63 0 3.5 6.0.0 0 1.5 4. 70 81 84 85 82. 78 87 26 31 88. 69 6 11 84 81. 3 3 4 9 8. 69 0 4. 2 2 3 8 7. 18 22 23 28 27. 34 42 43 48 47.0 0 4.0 4.5 4. 89 4. 49 61 62 67 66.5. 50 62 63 68 67. 62 0 1.5. 16 19 20 25 24. 79 0 4.5 6.5.5 0 1. 77 16 21 26 87.0.0. 44 54 55 60 59.0 6.0 3.5 1. 46 57 58 63 62.0 4.5 3. 88 4. 26 32 33 38 37. 37 46 47 52 51. . 65 1 6 81 76.0. 55 3. 62 77 78 3 2. 27 33 34 39 38.5. 70 0 6.5 3. 33 41 42 47 46.5. 7 8 9 14 13. 61 76 77 2 1.0.0. 24 29 30 35 34.0. 56 1. 39 48 49 54 53. 31 38 39 44 43. 64 79 80 5 4. 73 11 16 87 84. 83 1.5 6.5 0 6. 19 23 24 29 28. 38 47 48 53 52.0. etc. 12 14 15 20 19. 10 12 13 18 17.5 0 1. 75 0 6. 57 71 72 77 76.5. 9 11 12 17 16. 47 58 59 64 63. 25 31 32 37 36. 65 0 6.0 ALL SUPPORTS 1 6 11 16 21 26 31 36 41 46 51 56 61 66 71 76 81 TO 89 PINNED LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 44 48 52 56 60 64 PR 15. 52 64 65 70 69. 21 26 27 32 31. 72 83 86 51 56. 78 0 3. 79 88 31 36 89. 81 1. 14 17 18 23 22. 45 56 57 62 61.0. 13 16 17 22 21.5. 40 49 50 55 54. 61 0 0 6.0.0 6. 1 5 9 13 17 21 25 29 33 37 41 45 49 53 57 61 PR 60.0.0 6.5 6. 71 0 0 3. 55 68 69 74 73. 76 86 89 46 51. 76 0 0 1.0. 71 82 85 86 83. 36 44 45 50 49.5. ELEMENT INCIDENCES SHELL 1 1 2 7 6.0 3. 84 3. 85 3. 3 7 11 15 19 23 27 31 35 39 43 47 51 55 59 63 PR 30.0 6.0 1. 68 0 3. 35 43 44 49 48.0. 80 0 6. 54 67 68 73 72. 74 0 4.0.0. 57 1. 43 53 54 59 58. 42 52 53 58 57. 66 76 81 82 71. element forces.5 0 4.0. 59 73 74 79 78. 75 85 88 89 86. 64 0 4. 53 66 67 72 71.5.0 1.5 0 4.

95 SMAX= -2861.0001 0.15 -2.46 TMAX= -104.88 5.80 7.15 2137.0029 0.03 2594.12 58.0003 -0.23 13.30 SMIN= 155.02 22.0000 -0.41 -21.92 ANGLE= 39.19 SMIN= -1360.07 1 32.1 30.67 ANGLE= -22.56 145.72 0.09 TMAX= SMIN= -1234.83 -76. PRINT JOINT DISPLACMENTS LIST 5 25 45 65 FINITE ELEMENT MODEL OF TANK STRUCTURE JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 5 25 45 65 1 1 1 1 -0.0001 -0.0000 0.05 445. PRINT ELEMENT FORCE LIST 9 TO 16 FINITE ELEMENT MODEL OF TANK STRUCTURE ELEMENT FORCES FORCE.23 6.88 SMAX= -154.9 -9.01 4418.93 SMIN= 2948.47 TMAX= SMIN= -3654.94 24.9 751.78 ANGLE= 0.26 SMAX= 4362.90 TMAX= -369.55 3841.67 TMAX= -94.97 -47.47 ANGLE= 32.0029 -0.3 27.0001 0.75 SMAX= -2034.70 1002.0003 -0.5 1065.0003 -0.0029 -0.06 2103.18 5.73 SMAX= 5056.04 3580.4 26.84 1250. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD QX VONT QY VONB MX FX MY FY MXY FXY 9 TOP : BOTT: 10 TOP : BOTT: 11 TOP : BOTT: 12 TOP : BOTT: 13 TOP : BOTT: 14 1 322.0001 -0.89 -6.0001 64.0001 0.0003 -0.29 4287.72 -61.20 ANGLE= -22.84 28.45 -5.30 1 1 1 1 .74 -0.19 SMIN= -2319.12 -39.25 TMAX= SMIN= -4365.4 -22.97 -39.1 1031.92 SMAX= 2205.21 4315.46 -14.42 39.© r p clarke 2003 13 63.0029 0.0029 0.0000 0.25 SMAX= 4952.28 354.89 6.92 TMAX= SMIN= 142.67 1.38 SMIN= 1939.0000 0.0029 0.35 ANGLE= -25.0001 0.03 SMAX= 181.4 1750.53 1495.0001 -0.11 SMAX= 1631.0029 -0.97 ANGLE= -38.24 SMAX= 1395.52 2279.0029 0.18 TMAX= SMIN= -4165.0 1315.81 ANGLE= -0.26 ANGLE= -0.25 3607.19 144.25 -51.06 388.80 2416.55 177.74 TMAX= -88.71 ANGLE= -0.09 0.04 0.67 TMAX= -101.LENGTH UNITS= KNS MET -------------FORCE OR STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.84 1558.

95 TMAX= SMIN= -118. . you use the TIME LOAD command.89 TMAX= SMIN= 1219.0 SKELETAL STRUCTURES – DYNAMIC LOAD 3.73 TMAX= 520.3 1941.26 337.74 51.30 SMIN= -3937.27 4043.23 TMAX= SMIN= 877.52 3559.43 1 -17. If the CON or JOINT LOAD commands are used.06 -5. a node must be placed there first.87 SMAX= 3983.13 4139.17 1551.04 TMAX= -326. the user can use the JOINT LOAD command to tell STAAD that a significant mass is located there and its mass. Only Time History dynamic analysis by the application of forcing functions to nodes or members is covered in this section (i. the user can split the member into shorter lengths by inserting nodes along the member.50 -0.22 27. JOINT LOAD).0.72 -17.42 SMAX= -781.39 4. under the relevant LOAD command and after the mass idealisation commands (i.41 -37.27 ANGLE= -0.91 TMAX= -251. you must first define the type of forcing function using the DEFINE TIME HISTORY command. You then use the TYPE “i” FORCE command along with its particular syntax requirements.how STAAD idealises the distribution of mass and how to apply the forcing function.83 1359.13 1647.23 438.97 -8.29 SMAX= 4612. the mass is lumped at the nodes.e.3 1 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 3.81 47. CON.45 -0. In this case.41 ANGLE= 14.38 SMIN= -3885.0 -28.16 SMAX= 286.© r p clarke 2003 14 TOP : BOTT: 15 TOP : BOTT: 16 TOP : BOTT: 3161.73 SMAX= -1219. SELFWEIGHT.93 SMIN= -3007. Finally. The SELFWEIGHT command is placed as the first line (or lines) of the commands under the relevant LOAD command.5 -28.30 ANGLE= -1. If this is an inadequate model of the mass idealisation. To apply a forcing function in STAAD at the nodes.88 ANGLE= -1.67 3491.54 4387.3 2050. Also. When this is done. not ground motion time history dynamics). or at a particular location.2 1696. the member concentrated load command CON can be used to tell STAAD that significant masses are located there and their values.81 -0.e.48 SMAX= 4760. There are 2 issues to consider in the use of STAAD for dynamic analysis .1 FUNDAMENTAL COMMANDS The reader must first complete section 1. Note that a forcing function can only be applied at a node so if the user wishes to apply the function to a point along a member. You can only use the TIME LOAD command in one load case. STAAD distributes the mass via the SELFWEIGHT command. it is placed after the SELFWEIGHT command.74 ANGLE= 10.24 ANGLE= 0.

10 5 4.3 6 TO 8 10 11 PRIS YD 0. and a floor load of 6. 2 3 6.572. and assumed load factors. estimate the amplification factor for the bending moment in the beam under the mass? The following is a STAAD model of the structure. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2.572 0.3m wide. 3 4 8. 2 0 4. 4 10 0 4. STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE 3 INPUT WIDTH 79 UNIT METER KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0.572 4. loads. point loads of 30kN at the floor level in the long direction.5 Hz for 10 cycles.572.572m supports several loads: a mass of 120 kN at the mid-span of one of the long beams. 8 7 8.572 4.572.3m and the beams are 0.© r p clarke 2003 15 3.2 EXAMPLE 3 A one-storey reinforced concrete structure of plan dimensions 10.5 CYCLES 10 ARRIVAL TIME 0 DAMPING 0.5e+007 MEMB 1 TO 4 6 TO 8 10 11 POISSON 0. If the mass vibrates at 2.3 CONSTANTS E 2.572 0. 6 2 7. 5 10 0 0.572.0 kN/m2 .3m x 0.17 MEMB 1 TO 4 6 TO 8 10 11 ALPHA 1. 3 0 0 4.2e-011 MEMB 1 TO 4 6 TO 8 10 11 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 4 6 TO 8 10 11 SUPPORTS 1 3 TO 5 FIXED *INPUT THE TYPE OF FORCING FUNCTION HERE DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE FUNCTION SINE *THE NEXT LINE IS A FORCE OF AMPLITUDE 120 KN VIBRATING AT 2. MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 TO 4 PRIS YD 0.572 4.572. 7 10 4. The columns are 0.5 HZ FOR 10 SEC AMPLITUDE 120 FREQUENCY 2. 10 10 8.45 ZD 0.45m deep x 0. 4 5 7. 7 2 6.3 ZD 0. 11 6 10. 6 0 4.0m x 4. 8 10 4.05 LOAD 1 FLOOR LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1 FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 0 6 FLOAD -6 LOAD 2 JOINT LOAD JOINT LOAD 2 6 FX 30 10 FY -120 *IN THE NEXT LINE YOU MUST INPUT THE LOAD DUE TO THE MASS THOUGH YOU *USE THE JOINT LOAD CMD IN THE TIME HISTORY CMDs TO TELL STAAD THAT A MASS .

925 SUMM-Y 58.003 0.00 0.000 99.5 2 1.69 0.25646 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 X Y Z SUMM-X 0.576 0.00 0.003 97.796 3.693 SUMM-Z 0.57 61.050 3.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 11 FINISH The relevant STAAD output is: CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 3 PERIOD(SEC) 1 2 3 3.691 58.00 97.2 LOAD COMB 5 FLOOR PLUS JOINT PLUS VIBRATION 1 1.93 0.00 58.2 3 1.5 2 1.32782 0.899 0.26346 0.691 58.925 99.© r p clarke 2003 16 *IS THERE AND IN WHAT DIRECTIONS IT IS CAPABLE OF MOVING LOAD 3 TIME HISTORY LOAD SELFWEIGHT X 1 SELFWEIGHT Y 1 SELFWEIGHT Z 1 *THE JOINT LOAD COMMAND IS USED TO TELL STAAD THE ACTIVE MASS AT A JOINT JOINT LOAD 10 FY 120 TIME LOAD *THE FORCING FUNCTION MUST BE APPLIED TO A JOINT HENCE THE FY 10 FY 1 1 LOAD COMB 4 FLOOR PLUS JOINT 1 1.00 0.00 99. PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 11 .

13 0.82 -232.35 167.93 0. the amplification factor is 1234.37 0.27 73.72 185.95 -23.00 0.57 -296.00 0.06 206. .00 0.95 38.56 1234.21 126.01 -364.34 -0.06 -8.13 0.45 -90.03 0.00 0.81 0.899 Hz.00 0.13 -0.5 Hz is not far from the natural frequencies of the structure of 3.KN MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE METE SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 11 1 2 3 4 5 6 10 6 10 6 10 6 10 6 10 23.99 82.00 0.82 -53.03 -0.00 0.00 0.99 90.58 -64.29 -178.03 0.82 This relatively high amplification occurs because the forcing function frequency of 2.06 -797.© r p clarke 2003 17 MEMBER END FORCES ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.13 0.00 0.00 0.93 -173.01 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** Hence from the output for load 5 and load 4.00 0.05 63.29 = 2.50 436.79 -64.050 to 3.00 0.00 53. and at joint 10.00 0.06 -82.00 0.00 0.45 -38.30 0.35 232.04 68.00 0.00 0.01/436.00 0.03 -0.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful