MAX232, MAX232I DUAL EIA 232 DRIVERS/RECEIVERS

SLLS047L − FEBRUARY 1989 − REVISED MARCH 2004

D Meets or Exceeds TIA/EIA-232-F and ITU D D D D D D D D
Recommendation V.28 Operates From a Single 5-V Power Supply With 1.0-mF Charge-Pump Capacitors Operates Up To 120 kbit/s Two Drivers and Two Receivers ±30-V Input Levels Low Supply Current . . . 8 mA Typical ESD Protection Exceeds JESD 22 − 2000-V Human-Body Model (A114-A) Upgrade With Improved ESD (15-kV HBM) and 0.1-mF Charge-Pump Capacitors is Available With the MAX202 Applications − TIA/EIA-232-F, Battery-Powered Systems, Terminals, Modems, and Computers

MAX232 . . . D, DW, N, OR NS PACKAGE MAX232I . . . D, DW, OR N PACKAGE (TOP VIEW)

C1+ VS+ C1− C2+ C2− VS− T2OUT R2IN

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9

VCC GND T1OUT R1IN R1OUT T1IN T2IN R2OUT

description/ordering information
The MAX232 is a dual driver/receiver that includes a capacitive voltage generator to supply TIA/EIA-232-F voltage levels from a single 5-V supply. Each receiver converts TIA/EIA-232-F inputs to 5-V TTL/CMOS levels. These receivers have a typical threshold of 1.3 V, a typical hysteresis of 0.5 V, and can accept ±30-V inputs. Each driver converts TTL/CMOS input levels into TIA/EIA-232-F levels. The driver, receiver, and voltage-generator functions are available as cells in the Texas Instruments LinASIC library. ORDERING INFORMATION
TA PDIP (N) SOIC (D) 0°C to 70°C SOIC (DW) SOP (NS) PDIP (N) −40 C 85°C −40°C to 85 C SOIC (D) SOIC (DW) PACKAGE† Tube of 25 Tube of 40 Reel of 2500 Tube of 40 Reel of 2000 Reel of 2000 Tube of 25 Tube of 40 Reel of 2500 Tube of 40 Reel of 2000 ORDERABLE PART NUMBER MAX232N MAX232D MAX232DR MAX232DW MAX232DWR MAX232NSR MAX232IN MAX232ID MAX232IDR MAX232IDW MAX232IDWR MAX232I MAX232I MAX232 MAX232 MAX232IN MAX232 TOP-SIDE MARKING MAX232N

† Package drawings, standard packing quantities, thermal data, symbolization, and PCB design guidelines are available at www.ti.com/sc/package.

Please be aware that an important notice concerning availability, standard warranty, and use in critical applications of Texas Instruments semiconductor products and disclaimers thereto appears at the end of this data sheet. LinASIC is a trademark of Texas Instruments.
PRODUCTION DATA information is current as of publication date. Products conform to specifications per the terms of Texas Instruments standard warranty. Production processing does not necessarily include testing of all parameters.

Copyright  2004, Texas Instruments Incorporated

POST OFFICE BOX 655303

• DALLAS, TEXAS 75265

1

TEXAS 75265 . L = low level EACH RECEIVER INPUT RIN L H OUTPUT ROUT H L H = high level. MAX232I DUAL EIA 232 DRIVERS/RECEIVERS SLLS047L − FEBRUARY 1989 − REVISED MARCH 2004 Function Tables EACH DRIVER INPUT TIN L H OUTPUT TOUT H L H = high level. L = low level logic diagram (positive logic) 11 T1IN 10 T2IN 12 R1OUT 9 R2OUT 8 R2IN 13 R1IN 7 T2OUT 14 T1OUT 2 POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS.MAX232.

. . . . . . . . . . . . VCC (see Note 1) . recommended operating conditions MIN VCC VIH VIL R1IN. θJA (see Notes 2 and 3): D package . TJ . . . ±30 V Output voltage range. . . θJA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VS− − 0. . . . . . . . MAX232I DUAL EIA 232 DRIVERS/RECEIVERS SLLS047L − FEBRUARY 1989 − REVISED MARCH 2004 absolute maximum ratings over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)† Input supply voltage range. . . . . . . .5 V. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R2OUT . . . . . . .3 V to VCC + 0. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67°C/W NS package . . . . . The package thermal impedance is calculated in accordance with JESD 51-7. . TA = 25°C All outputs open. . . . . . T2IN) Receiver input voltage Operating free-air temperature MAX232 MAX232I 0 −40 4. −0. . . . T2OUT . TEXAS 75265 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VO: T1OUT. . . . .5 2 0. . 3. . . . .3 V R1OUT. . . . . .5 UNIT V V V V °C electrical characteristics over recommended ranges of supply voltage and operating free-air temperature (unless otherwise noted) (see Note 4 and Figure 4) PARAMETER ICC Supply current TEST CONDITIONS VCC = 5. . POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VS− . . . . . . . . . . Tstg . . . . . and TA. . . . . .5 V. . . Unlimited Package thermal impedance. . . . VI: Driver . . . . . . . . . NOTE 4: Test conditions are C1−C4 = 1 µF at VCC = 5 V ± 0. .3 V Receiver . . . . . . VS+ . . . . . . . . Operating at the absolute maximum TJ of 150°C can affect reliability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . These are stress ratings only. . . . . . . . . . . . Maximum power dissipation is a function of TJ(max). . . . . . .8 ±30 70 85 NOM 5 MAX 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . −0. . Exposure to absolute-maximum-rated conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. . . . . . . . . . .3 V Short-circuit duration: T1OUT. . . . . . . The maximum allowable power dissipation at any allowable ambient temperature is PD = (TJ(max) − TA)/θJA. . .T2IN) Low-level input voltage (T1IN. . . . . . . . .3 V to 15 V Negative output supply voltage range. . . . . . . . . . . . 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .MAX232. . .3 V to −15 V Input voltage range. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . −65°C to 150°C † Stresses beyond those listed under “absolute maximum ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. . . . . . . . . . . . . . −0. . . . . . . . . . . . . MIN TYP‡ 8 MAX 10 UNIT mA ‡ All typical values are at VCC = 5 V and TA = 25°C. . . . . . . . . . . .3 V to 6 V Positive output supply voltage range. . . . . . 57°C/W N package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 V to VCC + 0. . . . . . . R2IN TA Supply voltage High-level input voltage (T1IN. . . . . . T2OUT . . . All voltages are with respect to network GND. . . . . . . . . . . VCC − 0. . . . 150°C Storage temperature range. . . 64°C/W Operating virtual junction temperature. . . . . and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated under “recommended operating conditions” is not implied. . . . . . . . . . . . .3 V to VS+ + 0. . . . . . . . . . 73°C/W DW package . NOTES: 1. −0. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

in which the least-positive (most negative) value is designated minimum. TA = 25°C (see Note 4) PARAMETER SR SR(t) Driver slew rate Driver transition region slew rate Data rate NOTE 4: Test conditions are C1−C4 = 1 µF at VCC = 5 V ± 0. R2IN R1IN.4 TYP† MAX UNIT V V V V Vhys Input hysteresis voltage R1IN.5 0. VCC = 5 V. T2OUT T1OUT. T2OUT TEST CONDITIONS RL = 3 kΩ to GND RL = 3 kΩ to GND MIN 5 TYP† 7 −7 −5 MAX UNIT V V Output resistance T1OUT. switching characteristics. § Not more than one output should be shorted at a time.MAX232.5 V.5 1 V ri Receiver input resistance R1IN. R2OUT R1OUT. ‡ The algebraic convention. switching characteristics. VO = 0 ±10 mA IIS Short-circuit input current T1IN.5 V. low. high. R2OUT R1IN.5 V. R2IN VCC = 5 V 0. R2IN VCC = 5.7 1. T2OUT VS+ = VS− = 0. in which the least-positive (most negative) value is designated minimum. TA = 25°C (see Note 4 and Figure 1) PARAMETER tPLH(R) tPHL(R) Receiver propagation delay time. TEST CONDITIONS RL = 3 kΩ to 7 kΩ. VO = ±2 V 300 Ω IOS§ Short-circuit output current T1OUT. VCC = 5 V.to low-level output TYP 500 500 UNIT ns ns NOTE 4: Test conditions are C1−C4 = 1 µF at VCC = 5 V ± 0. VCC = 5 V.2 MIN 3. NOTE 4: Test conditions are C1−C4 = 1 µF at VCC = 5 V ± 0. NOTE 4: Test conditions are C1−C4 = 1 µF at VCC = 5 V ± 0. ‡ The algebraic convention. TA = 25°C TA = 25°C 0.2 0.to high-level output Receiver propagation delay time.5 V.2 mA VCC = 5 V.4 2. 4 POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS. is used in this data sheet for logic voltage levels only. T2IN VI = 0 200 µA † All typical values are at VCC = 5 V.8 1. is used in this data sheet for logic voltage levels only. TA = 25°C. T2OUT VCC = 5. TA = 25°C 3 5 7 kΩ † All typical values are at VCC = 5 V. R2IN TEST CONDITIONS IOH = −1 mA IOL = 3.5 V. MAX232I DUAL EIA 232 DRIVERS/RECEIVERS SLLS047L − FEBRUARY 1989 − REVISED MARCH 2004 DRIVER SECTION electrical characteristics over recommended ranges of supply voltage and operating free-air temperature range (see Note 4) PARAMETER VOH VOL ro High-level output voltage Low-level output voltage‡ T1OUT. TEXAS 75265 . See Figure 2 See Figure 3 One TOUT switching 3 120 MIN TYP MAX 30 UNIT V/µs V/µs kbit/s RECEIVER SECTION electrical characteristics over recommended ranges of supply voltage and operating free-air temperature range (see Note 4) PARAMETER VOH VOL VIT+ VIT− High-level output voltage Low-level output voltage‡ Receiver positive-going input threshold voltage Receiver negative-going input threshold voltage R1OUT. TA = 25°C.

The pulse generator has the following characteristics: ZO = 50 Ω. duty cycle ≤ 50%. C.3 kΩ See Note C CL = 50 pF (see Note B) TEST CIRCUIT ≤10 ns 90% 50% 90% 50% ≤10 ns 3V 10% tPLH VOH Output 1. CL includes probe and jig capacitance.5 V WAVEFORMS NOTES: A. VOL 0V Input 10% 500 ns tPHL Figure 1. TEXAS 75265 5 . MAX232I DUAL EIA 232 DRIVERS/RECEIVERS SLLS047L − FEBRUARY 1989 − REVISED MARCH 2004 PARAMETER MEASUREMENT INFORMATION VCC Pulse Generator (see Note A) R1IN or R2IN R1OUT or R2OUT RL = 1.MAX232. All diodes are 1N3064 or equivalent. Receiver Test Circuit and Waveforms for tPHL and tPLH Measurements POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS.5 V 1. B.

duty cycle ≤ 50%. TEXAS 75265 .8 (V 10% 10% tTLH –V ) 0.8 (V –V ) OH OL OL OH or t t TLH THL WAVEFORMS NOTES: A. duty cycle ≤ 50%. B. Figure 3. Driver Test Circuit and Waveforms for tPHL and tPLH Measurements (5-µs Input) Pulse Generator (see Note A) 3 kΩ EIA-232 Output CL = 2.5 nF TEST CIRCUIT ≤10 ns Input 10% 90% 1. Test Circuit and Waveforms for tTHL and tTLH Measurements (20-µs Input) 6 POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS.MAX232. MAX232I DUAL EIA 232 DRIVERS/RECEIVERS SLLS047L − FEBRUARY 1989 − REVISED MARCH 2004 PARAMETER MEASUREMENT INFORMATION Pulse Generator (see Note A) T1IN or T2IN T1OUT or T2OUT EIA-232 Output RL CL = 10 pF (see Note B) TEST CIRCUIT ≤10 ns Input 10% 90% 50% 5 µs tPHL 90% Output tTHL SR + 0. CL includes probe and jig capacitance. The pulse generator has the following characteristics: ZO = 50 Ω.5 V 90% 1. tPLH VOH VOL 90% 50% ≤10 ns 3V 10% 0V 90% Figure 2.5 V 10% tTLH 3V −3 V SR + 6V or t VOH VOL ≤10 ns 20 µs tTHL Output 3V −3 V t THL TLH WAVEFORMS NOTE A: The pulse generator has the following characteristics: ZO = 50 Ω.

In addition to the 1-µF capacitors shown.MAX232. Nonpolarized ceramic capacitors are acceptable. VCC C1+ C1− C2+ C2− 14 7 13 8 VS− VS+ 6 C4 + 1 µF C3† 2 8. the MAX202 can operate with 0. B.1-µF capacitors. MAX232I DUAL EIA 232 DRIVERS/RECEIVERS SLLS047L − FEBRUARY 1989 − REVISED MARCH 2004 APPLICATION INFORMATION 5V CBYPASS =1µF + − 16 1 C1 1 µF 3 4 C2 1 µF 5 11 From CMOS or TTL 10 12 To CMOS or TTL 9 0V 15 GND † C3 can be connected to VCC or GND. NOTES: A. If polarized tantalum or electrolytic capacitors are used. Typical Operating Circuit POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS.5 V −8.5 V 1 µF EIA-232 Output EIA-232 Output EIA-232 Input EIA-232 Input Figure 4. TEXAS 75265 7 . they should be connected as shown. Resistor values shown are nominal.

com 18-Jul-2006 PACKAGING INFORMATION Orderable Device MAX232D MAX232DE4 MAX232DR MAX232DRE4 MAX232DW MAX232DWE4 MAX232DWR MAX232DWRE4 MAX232ID MAX232IDE4 MAX232IDR MAX232IDRE4 MAX232IDW MAX232IDWE4 MAX232IDWG4 MAX232IDWR MAX232IDWRE4 MAX232IDWRG4 MAX232IN MAX232INE4 MAX232N MAX232NE4 MAX232NSR MAX232NSRE4 (1) Status (1) ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE Package Type SOIC SOIC SOIC SOIC SOIC SOIC SOIC SOIC SOIC SOIC SOIC SOIC SOIC SOIC SOIC SOIC SOIC SOIC PDIP PDIP PDIP PDIP SO SO Package Drawing D D D D DW DW DW DW D D D D DW DW DW DW DW DW N N N N NS NS Pins Package Eco Plan (2) Qty 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 40 40 Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) Lead/Ball Finish CU NIPDAU CU NIPDAU CU NIPDAU CU NIPDAU CU NIPDAU CU NIPDAU CU NIPDAU CU NIPDAU CU NIPDAU CU NIPDAU CU NIPDAU CU NIPDAU CU NIPDAU CU NIPDAU CU NIPDAU CU NIPDAU CU NIPDAU CU NIPDAU CU NIPDAU CU NIPDAU CU NIPDAU CU NIPDAU CU NIPDAU CU NIPDAU MSL Peak Temp (3) Level-1-260C-UNLIM Level-1-260C-UNLIM Level-1-260C-UNLIM Level-1-260C-UNLIM Level-1-260C-UNLIM Level-1-260C-UNLIM Level-1-260C-UNLIM Level-1-260C-UNLIM Level-1-260C-UNLIM Level-1-260C-UNLIM Level-1-260C-UNLIM Level-1-260C-UNLIM Level-1-260C-UNLIM Level-1-260C-UNLIM Level-1-260C-UNLIM Level-1-260C-UNLIM Level-1-260C-UNLIM Level-1-260C-UNLIM N / A for Pkg Type N / A for Pkg Type N / A for Pkg Type N / A for Pkg Type Level-1-260C-UNLIM Level-1-260C-UNLIM 2500 Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) 2500 Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) 40 40 Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) 2000 Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) 2000 Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) 40 40 Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) 2500 Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) 2500 Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) 40 40 40 Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) 2000 Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) 2000 Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) 2000 Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) 25 25 25 25 Pb-Free (RoHS) Pb-Free (RoHS) Pb-Free (RoHS) Pb-Free (RoHS) 2000 Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) 2000 Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) The marketing status values are defined as follows: Addendum-Page 1 .PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM www.ti.

please check http://www. or Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) . Important Information and Disclaimer:The information provided on this page represents TI's knowledge and belief as of the date that it is provided. Where designed to be soldered at high temperatures. and thus CAS numbers and other limited information may not be available for release. Pb-Free (RoHS Exempt). Efforts are underway to better integrate information from third parties.com 18-Jul-2006 ACTIVE: Product device recommended for new designs. Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br): TI defines "Green" to mean Pb-Free (RoHS compatible). (2) Eco Plan .ti. Peak Temp. LIFEBUY: TI has announced that the device will be discontinued. and a lifetime-buy period is in effect. In no event shall TI's liability arising out of such information exceed the total purchase price of the TI part(s) at issue in this document sold by TI to Customer on an annual basis. and free of Bromine (Br) and Antimony (Sb) based flame retardants (Br or Sb do not exceed 0. TI and TI suppliers consider certain information to be proprietary. including the requirement that lead not exceed 0. TI Pb-Free products are suitable for use in specified lead-free processes. -. TI bases its knowledge and belief on information provided by third parties. Pb-Free (RoHS Exempt): This component has a RoHS exemption for either 1) lead-based flip-chip solder bumps used between the die and package.com/productcontent for the latest availability information and additional product content details.The planned eco-friendly classification: Pb-Free (RoHS). TI has taken and continues to take reasonable steps to provide representative and accurate information but may not have conducted destructive testing or chemical analysis on incoming materials and chemicals. and peak solder temperature. or 2) lead-based die adhesive used between the die and leadframe. but TI does not recommend using this part in a new design.The Moisture Sensitivity Level rating according to the JEDEC industry standard classifications.PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM www. Samples may or may not be available. NRND: Not recommended for new designs. Addendum-Page 2 .1% by weight in homogeneous materials. Pb-Free (RoHS): TI's terms "Lead-Free" or "Pb-Free" mean semiconductor products that are compatible with the current RoHS requirements for all 6 substances. PREVIEW: Device has been announced but is not in production. and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of such information. TBD: The Pb-Free/Green conversion plan has not been defined. OBSOLETE: TI has discontinued the production of the device. The component is otherwise considered Pb-Free (RoHS compatible) as defined above.ti. Device is in production to support existing customers.1% by weight in homogeneous material) (3) MSL.

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