This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Hak Cipta pada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Dilindungi Undang-undang Hak Cipta Buku ini dibeli oleh Departemen Pendidikan Nasional dari Penerbit Setia Purna Invest Developing English Competencies for Grade X Senior High School (SMA/MA) Writers Editors Layouters Illustrator Cover Designer Cover Photo Book Size
420.07 DOD d
: Achmad Doddy Ahmad Sugeng Effendi : Editor Team of Setia Purna Inves : Layouter Team of Setia Purna Inves : Illustrator Team of Setia Purna Inves : Designer Team of Setia Purna Inves : Documentation of Setia Purna Inves : 17.6 × 25 cm
DODDY, Achmad Developing english competencies 1: for Senior High School (SMA/MA) grade X/Achmad Doddy, Ahmad Sugeng, Effendi; editor Team of Setia Purna Inves. – Jakarta : Pusat Perbukuan, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008. viii, 184 hlm.:ilus.: 25 Cm. Bibliograﬁ: hlm. 162-162 Indeks ISBN 979-462-973-1 1. Bahasa Inggris- Studi dan Pengajaran II. Sugeng, Ahmad III. Effendi I. Judul
Diterbitkan oleh Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Tahun 2008 Diperbanyak oleh ...
Jakarta. saran dan kritik sangat kami harapkan. dicetak. Kami berharap. dapat diunduh (down load). Kami menyadari bahwa buku ini masih perlu ditingkatkan mutunya. digandakan. Namun.Kata Sambutan Puji syukur kami panjatkan ke hadirat Allah SWT. Kepada para siswa kami ucapkan selamat belajar dan manfaatkanlah buku ini sebaik-baiknya. berkat rahmat dan karuniaNya. telah membeli hak cipta buku teks pelajaran ini dari penulis/penerbit untuk disebarluaskan kepada masyarakat melalui situs internet (website) Jaringan Pendidikan Nasional. atau difotokopi oleh masyarakat. Buku-buku teks pelajaran yang telah dialihkan hak ciptanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional ini. semua pihak dapat mendukung kebijakan ini. Oleh karena itu. Diharapkan bahwa buku teks pelajaran ini akan lebih mudah diakses sehingga siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia maupun sekolah Indonesia yang berada di luar negeri dapat memanfaatkan sumber belajar ini. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. dalam hal ini. Buku teks pelajaran ini telah dinilai oleh Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan dan telah ditetapkan sebagai buku teks pelajaran yang memenuhi syarat kelayakan untuk digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran melalui Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 34 Tahun 2008. Kami menyampaikan penghargaan yang setinggi-tingginya kepada para penulis/penerbit yang telah berkenan mengalihkan hak cipta karyanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional untuk digunakan secara luas oleh para siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia. Juli 2008 Kepala Pusat Perbukuan iii . untuk penggandaan yang bersifat komersial harga penjualannya harus memenuhi ketentuan yang ditetapkan oleh Pemerintah. dialihmediakan. Pemerintah. pada tahun 2008.
especially the editors and team. constructing sentences or texts and the other activities that facilitate you to be skillful in using English in communication. You are expected to be skillful in doing the exercises. problem solving. students of senior high school (SMA/MA). cultural knowledge. These activities explore your creativity. July 2008 Writers iv . collaboration. In Developing English Competencies for Grade X. Last but not least. English learning in Developing English Competencies for Grade X is based on literacy based approach so you can get many learning experiences by considering the aspects of interpretation. support and encouragement. reﬂection and language use. to communicate in English according to the context of the language use. convention. acting out dialogues. Bandung.Preface Developing English Competencies for Grade X is designed to facilitate you. there are many activities available for you to do individually or with other students. the writers are very grateful to all people who have helped and given their input. Hopefully. Developing English Competencies for Grade X enables you to access information of various ﬁelds of science to prepare you to go to university. We would like to thank PT Setia Purna Inves. this book will help you learn English in a communicative way. for facilitating us to publish our work.
e. 6.An Overview of This Book Developing English Competencies for Grade X comprises 6 chapters and 2 reviews. 2. 3. Chapter Summary summarises the material learned in each chapter. Englishclub. 11. In This Chapter gives a concise summary of the language functions and themes that will be learned in the chapter. 8. Reading and Writing. Dialogue presents natural language set in authentic situations you can relate to. Listening. Review provides a number of exercises from the previous chapters. 9. 16. Your Project encourages you to perform a project to enhance your lifeskill. 10. Glossary provides a list of terms and words from the learning materials in alphabetical order. 4. Index provides a list of subject and names (authors) in alphabetical order. Learning Reﬂection presents what you have learned and what you are expected to be able to. 14. Below are the characteristics featured in Developing English Competencies for Grade X 1. Speaking. What to Say provides a number of expressions that you can use in certain situations. 13. 12. Title introduces the theme of the chapter. Chapter Photo represents the theme of the chapter. 15. New Horizon features extra information related to the theme. 17. Grammar Review focuses on a grammar structure in texts of a certain genre. 7.com gives some information from the Internet and encouraging you to know more. Genre Structure shows you the generic structure of related genre. UN Shot provides some exercises taken from Ujian Nasional materials. 18. Pronunciation Practice provides list of words to be pronounced and practiced several times until you can pronounce them correctly. v . i. Each chapter consists four language skills. Text presents a genre related to the theme of the chapter. 5.
Contents Kata Sambutan ______________________________________________________ iii Preface _____________________________________________________________ iv An Overview of This Book ___________________________________________ v Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You ___________________________________________________ Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of greeting introducing. and parting _________________________ Responding to recount texts ________________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of greeting and parting ____________________________________________ Introducing oneself and others ______________________________________________________ Performing a monologue of a recount text ____________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the structure of a recount text _____________________________________________ Reading and understanding recount texts _____________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Writing diary _____________________________________________________________________ Writing recount texts ______________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reﬂection___________________________________________________________________ 1 2 3 5 7 8 9 11 13 15 16 18 18 22 24 24 Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That ________________________________________________ 25 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of happiness _____________________________________________ Responding to expressions of sympathy and showing affection _________________________ Responding to narrative texts _______________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of happiness _____________________________________________________ Using expressions of sympathy and showing affection _________________________________ Performing a monologue of a narrative text ___________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text _______________________________ Reading narrative texts ____________________________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Developing a paragraph of narrative texts ____________________________________________ Writing narrative texts _____________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reﬂection __________________________________________________________________ 26 27 28 30 31 32 34 35 37 40 42 46 47 49 50 50 vi .
accepting and declining an invitation ______________ Responding to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment ____________________ Responding to instructions _________________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of making.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come?_____________________________________________ 51 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation _____________________ Using expressions of making and cancelling an appointment ____________________________ Performing a monologue of a procedure text __________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the structure of a procedure text __________________________________________ Reading procedure texts ___________________________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Writing short instructions __________________________________________________________ Writing procedure texts ____________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reﬂection __________________________________________________________________ 52 53 54 56 58 59 60 63 65 66 68 71 72 73 74 74 Review 1 ____________________________________________________________ 75 Chapter 4 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well _________________________________ 79 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ 80 Responding to expressions of congratulating and complimenting ________________________ 81 Responding to narrative texts _______________________________________________________ 83 Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ 85 Congratulating and complimenting __________________________________________________ 86 Performing a monologue of a narrative text ___________________________________________ 89 Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ 91 Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text _______________________________ 92 Reading narrative texts ____________________________________________________________ 93 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 98 Developing a paragraph of a narrative text based on the pictures ________________________ 99 Writing narrative texts _____________________________________________________________ 100 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 102 Learning Reﬂection___________________________________________________________________ 102 Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You _____________________________________________ 103 Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ 104 Responding to expressions of gratitude _______________________________________________ 104 Responding to invitation ___________________________________________________________ 105 vii .
Responding to a monologue of a descriptive text ______________________________________ 106 Speaking ___________________________________________________________________________ 107 Expressing gratitude ______________________________________________________________ 108 Performing a monologue of a descriptive text _________________________________________ 110 Reading ____________________________________________________________________________ 115 Identifying the structure and information in a descriptive text ___________________________ 116 Reading descriptive texts ___________________________________________________________ 119 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 122 Writing short descriptions and announcement ________________________________________ 125 Writing descriptive texts ___________________________________________________________ 126 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 128 Learning Reﬂection___________________________________________________________________ 128
Headline News ______________________________________________________ 129
Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ 130 Responding to expressions of surprise and amazement _________________________________ 131 Responding to news item texts ______________________________________________________ 132 Speaking ___________________________________________________________________________ 134 Expressing surprise and amazement _________________________________________________ 135 Performing a monologue of news item texts ___________________________________________ 137 Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ 140 Identifying meanings and information in news item texts ______________________________ 141 Reading news item texts ___________________________________________________________ 142 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 148 Developing paragraph of news item texts _____________________________________________ 150 Writing news item texts ____________________________________________________________ 151 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 152 Learning Reﬂection __________________________________________________________________ 152
Review 2 ____________________________________________________________ 153 Bibliography ________________________________________________________ 161 Photo Credits ________________________________________________________ 163 Glossary ____________________________________________________________ 164 Index _______________________________________________________________ 168 Tapescripts _________________________________________________________ 169 Answer Key _________________________________________________________ 178
Source: Publisher's Documentation
Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n
It's Nice to See You
In This Chapter
• • • • • • • • Responding to expressions of greeting, introducing and parting Responding to recount texts Using expressions of greeting, introducing and parting Performing a monologue of recount texts Identifying meanings and information of a recount text Reading recount texts Writing a recount text Writing short diaries
In this section, you will learn how to:
• • respond to expressions of greeting, introducing and parting; respond to recount texts.
Look at the picture and answer the following questions.
Source: Publisher's Documentation
1. What are they doing? 2. Do you think they know each other? 3. What do you say when you meet someone you didn't know before? 4. Do you ask her/his name? 5. How do you introduce yourself? 6. What do you say when you need to leave the person you're talking to?
Listen to the tape. Then repeat the following words and expressions.
No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Words Introduce Introducing Greeting Meeting Parting Farewell Expressions Good morning How are you My name is How do you do Nice to meet you See you later
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
The correct response is (b) Hi. I'm your neighbour. We are in the same class. Dian : 1 . b. Cut Nia. Cut Nia.. What's your name? Good morning. so I have a friend to share with. I'm Cut Nia. so you like cooking? I like cooking too. Mari Memasak Sendiri. dinners and other social situations. right. Nice to meet you. How are you? I'm just ﬁne. 4 5 6 Rian : . My name is Edo. Activity 4 Listen to the tape carefully and choose the correct responses to the expressions you heard. Hello.. 5. Rian : Oh. Good morning. Nice to meet you. Desi. introducing and parting expressions. Rian : Yeah.3 .Activity 3 Listen to the tape and complete the dialogue. Pay attention to the responses of greeting. a. Dian : 7 . parties. b. Nice to see you. You can ﬁnd how to make proper introductions at business functions. Cut Nia. Then.com. . How do you do? Hi. She meets Rian. For example: You will hear: Hello. Today is the ﬁrst day at school for Dian. ivillage. a.com Want to meet new people and improve your social and business graces? You can visit the website in www. By the way. b. . too. 8 . a. they introduce each other. Rudi. a. a. Dian : Really? Good. 4. What's your name? The correct response for the expression is .2 . b. b.. Nice to meet you. Hi. b. My name is Risa. Good bye. 9 10 Rian : . Nice to meet you. what book is that? Dian : This is a book about cooking. 1. What's your name? Hi. 3. a. 2. It's Nice to See You 3 . I'm Deni. Good morning. Englishclub. right? I saw your name in the students' list of my class. Glad to meet you. Bye. My name is Edo. . Anyway.
5. 3.Activity 5 Listen to another dialogue and answer the following questions while you are listening. Where does the dialogue take place? How many persons are involved in the dialogue? What does the girl do while waiting for her friend? What does Lina say to a girl at ﬁrst? How does the girl respond to Lina's introduction? How does Fanny introduce Lina to Santi? What does Lina say at the end of the dialogue? Activity 6 Work in pairs and make a dialogue based on the following situations. 7. 4. 2. 4. Did you have unforgettable experiences on your holiday? Tell it brieﬂy. Use the expressions and responses you have learned. 1. You can add any information related to the questions. 1. 1. You introduce yourself to a new neighbour and ask him/her to come to your house. 4. How did you feel on your holiday? 4 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . hometown and address. What did you do on your last holiday? 3. you meet your father's friend. Introduce yourself to him/ her. Introduce yourself to them. Ask his/her name. Activity 7 Answer these questions. 6. 2. Where did you go on your last holiday? 2. Your brother/sister brings his/her friends to the house. 5. When you are going shopping with your father. 3. You meet a new classmate at school. You introduce yourself to a new English teacher in the classroom.
It sounds great. d. sit down. 1. 4. I went to the merchandise shops and bought some stuffs there. 6. c. I also played football and sand with my brother. Mirna : Well. Mirna. Listen to these past tense verbs taken from the dialogue and repeat after your teacher. 9. 3. b.Activity 8 Listen carefully to the following dialogue and study it. shorts. Harry : Good morning Mit. it's nice to hear your story. 10. It's a wonderful place with beautiful beaches and sceneries. I went to Bali.. d. I bought shirts. Mitha a. 5. Mirna : What did you do before you left Bali? Toni : On the last day. Mirna : What else did you do there? Toni : The next morning I visited another small island around Bali on a boat. 7. Mirna : Wow. How are you Good morning How do you do You're welcome It's all right (UAN 2004) Activity 9 It's Nice to See You 5 . I swam and surfed on the beach. Sir. Mr. I hope that I can also visit Bali someday. and also traditional clothes. Then practise it with your friend.. Johny : . nice to meet you too. Toni. where did you go on the last holiday? Toni : Well. Mitha : Oh. Unfortunately I couldn't afford to buy a surﬁng board because it was too expensive. How do you do Mr. Toni : Hello. Johny? Mr. nice to meet you again after long holiday. Mirna : Hi. What did you do there? Toni : My family and I spent four nights there in a bungalow in Kuta beach. This is Mr. Mirna : Anyway. I see... 8. He is one of the judges in the speech contest attended last week. 2. I had a great vacation there. was /wəz/ did /dɪd/ had /həd/ went /went/ left /left/ swam /swæm/ bought /bɔ:t/ surfed /sɜ:fd/ played /pleɪd/ visited /vɪzɪtɪd/ UN Shot Mitha : Good morning. It was a great experience to see many beautiful places and have a talk with tourists there. Johny.
and the weather's a lot better (as/ than) at home. The next day we (go) across to the east coast (see) some of the old villages. See you soon. but it was fun to try. It was a really great place. Correct the words in the brackets based on what you heard. Just a note to let you know that we (have) a wonderful holiday in Bali. Aisha Activity 11 Listen to the tape and ﬁll in the following form based on the text you heard. the food's great. The people are friendly. 1st 2008 Dear Evi and Andi. Can you (believe) it? Most days were pretty (lazy/lazily). Yogyakarta April. I (learn) Balinese–I still can't (say) much. Last Saturday I (get) on the bus and (go) to the north and of the island. but no tourists. I (hope). so I was the one who talked to people. Event 1: Event 2: 6 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . It was much (quiet) there than here–very beautiful. I (swim) two or three times a day.Activity 10 Listen to the tape carefully. but he was afraid to open his mouth. but my brother Fachri just (spend) all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed. Love to your parents. Fachri actually (speak) it quite well.
Asep. let me introduce myself. It's Nice to See You 7 . my new friend. I'm from Papua. Let's go to the crowd. 3. Asep : Elvi. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 2. Source: www. Asep : Nice to meet you too. Denias : Hi. perform a monologue of recount texts. Every province in Indonesia sends their representatives to attend outstanding students gathering in Jakarta. What will you say when you have to introduce yourself to someone you didn't know before? Is it alright if you ask his/her name after introducing yourself? Is it alright to ask his/her age? Activity 2 New Horizon If the person you are introducing has a speciﬁc relationship to you. My name is Ali. Dialogue 1 Today is the commemoration of National Education Day. Thank you. Sri : Hi. say greetings and partings. Sri : How do you do? Pleased to meet you too. Denias : Hi. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. you will learn how to: • • • introduce yourself and others. Asep : Hello. I can spend my whole day for cooking. make the relationship clear by adding a phrase such as 'my boss'. In the case of unmarried couples who are living together. Denias and Asep go to the crowd and they meet a girl. Denias : By the way. How about you? Sri : I'm ﬁne too. what is your hobby? Sri : I like cooking very much. Nice to meet you. 'companion' and 'partner' are good choices.ivillage. How are you? Asep : I'm ﬁne. 'my wife' or 'my uncle'. Act them out with your friends'.com Study the following dialogues. I study at SMAN 19 Bandung.Speaking In this section. 1. I'm Denias. this is Denias.
Andi : Excuse me. Cipto. Nice to meet you. My hobby is cooking too. Cipto : Great. We should go to the palace to meet the President of Indonesia. Rita : Pleased to meet you. You must be tired. Cipto : How do you do. his new colleague at the airport. Please introduce your self to Don (UN 2003/2004) : Wow. Let me introduce you to my friend Yani this is Cipto. Cipto this is Yani. Will you tell me how to cook special foods from your province? I'd like to know them.Denias UN Shot Jack : Rita . Andi : Nice to meet you. Cipto. Andi : OK. then. It was ﬁne. Cipto : Pleased to meet you. Yani : Hello. Don is my friend b. Cipto : That's very kind of you. Dialogue 2 Cipto waiting for Andi and Yani. Don wants to meet you c.. Cipto. introducing. Andi : Let me help you to bring your suitcase.. let's talk about cooking later. I'm Cipto Susanto. Don't you know Don is my friend d. Can you identify the expressions of greetings. too. Did you have a good journey? Cipto : Yes. I'd like you to meet my friend Don e. We can talk about cooking later. too. It's nice and exciting. Andi : How do you do. Read the dialogues once again. Don : Pleased to meet you too. great. Cipto? I'm Andi from University of Jakarta. Thanks. Asep : Alright my friends.. Andi : Not at all. Are you Henri? Cipto : Yes. Nice to see you. meeting and parting? Activity 3 8 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Denias and Sri : Let's go. How's the trip? Yani : Well. a. thanks. . I'll take you to the Hotel ﬁrst.
Bye. Do you know . Hello. Hi! Responses • • • • Good night. This . Goodbye... It's Nice to See You 9 . How nice to see you Hello.. Allow me to introduce .. Bye. Jeny– Peter • • • • • • • • • Less Formal First let me introduce myself... My name is . Hi! I'm . How do you do? Not bad. Oh look.. Peter–Jeny. See you.. How are you? How do you do? How're you doing? Hi! Partings More Formal Less Formal • • • • Good night. it's been so nice. Hello! My name is . here's Peter.. thanks.. Greetings More Formal Responses • • • • • • • • Good morning. Let me introduce you to .. Introducing yourself More Formal Introducing someone • • • • • • • • I would like to introduce you to ...What to Say Study the following expressions of greetings... Good afternoon..... meeting and parting.. How do you do? My name is . Allow me to introduce my self. Good afternoon. Excuse me my name's . introducing. Goodbye..... Fine. I'd like you to meet . I'm ... Good evening.. See you later. Yes. Good morning... Good evening. My name's .. Less Formal • • • • • • • • • Good morning.
introduces you to Tini. He introduces Sofyan. /s/ /z/ • book-books /bʊks/ • day-days /deɪz/ • group-groups /gruːps/ • ﬂag-ﬂags /flægz/ • shout-shouts /∫aʊts/ • leaf-leaves /li:vz/ • chief-chiefs /t∫iːfs/ • dog-dogs /dɔgz/ • state-states /steɪts/ • wife-wives /waɪfz/ Activity 4 Work in pairs and complete the dialogue. 2 Budi. to you. Haven't we met before? Budi : 1 Rendi : I don't think so. Reni. Wayan is your friend. I have to get going. to your father. you introduce Mr Lubis. Budi introduces himself to Rendi on the way home from the school. your friend. your English teacher. Dewi. . Rendi : See you then. At a meeting. Budi : Anyway. Some have plural forms ending in a /z/ sound. You introduce yourself to Mr Hutagalung and he responds to the introduction. Activity 5 Work in groups and perform a dialogue based on the following situations. Budi : That's great. Budi : 5 . 4. I stay in the Uptown Apartment on ﬁfth Avenue. In the classroom. Then practise it with your partner.v Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. 1. I also stay there on eleventh ﬂoor. 2. 3. Rendi : Mine's on tenth ﬂoor. Some words have plural forms ending in an /s/ sound. 10 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . her sister. Sorry. Goodbye. his brother. Rendi : 3 Budi : Do you somehow stay around here? Rendi : Yeah. 4 .
read poetry. danced. 5. we held a ﬁre camp night. Activity 8 Read aloud the following text. It was getting darker and colder. I had a lovely time. I went to theatre and I watched a great movie. we packed our bags and got ready to go home. Study the events. 3. we spent our time observing plantation and insects while the girls were preparing meals. 2. Name Deni Activities Played football Time/When? Sunday afternoon Special Events He made a goal. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. You : What did you do on your last weekend? Your friend : It was alright. 1. We built the camp next to a small river. You : Did you have a good weekend? Your friend : Yes. For example: 1. 4. Activity 7 Ask other students about their weekend and their special experiences. No. It was great. We sang. In the afternoon we went to the river and caught some ﬁsh for supper.Activity 6 Ask your partner and say what you did last weekend. On Monday. Then complete the following table with different names. my friends and I went camping. The next day. I didn't do anything special. played magic tricks. At night. We reached the camping ground after we walked for about one and a half hour from the parking lot. 2. and even some of us performed a standing comedy. Last weekend. so we built a ﬁre camp. Text by Agus Molgana It's Nice to See You 11 . Look at the following example.
m a. What did we do last weekend? How long did we reach the camping ground? When did we build the camp? What did we do on the next day? What activities did we do at the night of a ﬁre camp night? Activity 10 Work in pairs and match the following time line with its activities. Activity 12 Now make your own timeline on last your last weekend and present it to the class.m p.30 1 4 7 9 5 10 12. 2. 5.Activity 9 Answer these questions based on the text in Activity 8.m p. 4.m p. 12 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .30 6 a.m p.m p. 1. 3.m accompanied my mother to shop had Padang food for dinner attended an extracurricular activity helped my uncle water the ﬂowers tidied my bedroom went swimming watched TV and ate snacks prepared shoes for jogging visited my grandma's house did homework and watched TV Activity 11 After setting the timeline into a good order in Activity 10. in groups make your oral recount by referring to the activity in each time. Saturday Sunday 6.m a.30 3.m pm p.
looking for a record store. A man stopped me and asked me the way to the Hyatt Hotel. 1. Meeting a Star On Saturday morning at 9:30. I looked in my bag for my wallet and found a piece of paper the man gave me. He was very friendly. Where was the writer? What was he doing? What did the man ask the writer? How was the man's character? Did the writer help the man? What did the writer decide to buy? What did he ﬁnd in his wallet? Explain. 3. Activity 1 Answer these following questions. you will learn how to: • • identify the structure of recount texts. D' Masive had a new record that was number two in the top twenty. so I took it. 5. 8. 4. It was a photo. read and understand recount texts. I thought it was money. but I walked with him to the end of Sunda Street.Reading In this section. I was so surprised! He was a singer in D' Masive! Adapted from New Horizons in English 4. 1. 3. I said 'no' at ﬁrst. I was walking down Sunda Street. I wasn't sure exactly where it was. Do you have any interesting experience to tell? Can you recall it? Will you tell your experience to your friend? Activity 2 Read the following text about someone's experience. I found the record store and listened to a few records. 2002 Activity 3 Answer these following questions based on the text in Activity 2. 2. 7. Then I remembered where the Hyatt was and told him how to get there. but he really wanted me to have it. I decided to buy it. 6. He thanked me and tried to give me something. 2. and his face looked so familiar. How was he when he knew who the man was? It's Nice to See You 13 .
What did he do after having breakfast? a. After breakfast. Finally. but I didn't have enough money. b. c. Because his alarm clock didn't work. 2003 New Horizon When writing recounts you should: . Because he didn't set alarm clock. Then. He wear socks so quickly that he forgot to get dressed. He walked for ﬁve miles. d. but of course I missed it. He burned his hand when he was making breakfast.Activity 4 Read the text and choose the correct answer to the following questions. He gets a terrible day. He got a terrible day. I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off. He has a terrible day. Taken from Ready to Write. crutched. Why did he wake up an hour late? a. 4. b. I got dressed so quickly that I forgot to wear socks.au. d. I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday. d. b.edu. He walked for four miles. Source: www. 2. He got dressed so quickly that he forgot to wear socks.use action words eg helped. What happened to the writer yesterday? a. How far did the writer walk? a. b. I or we . d. 3. He had a terrible day. Because his alarm clock didn't go off. c. visited . c.focus on individual people ie use the words. 1. First.use words which indicate when (eg after lunch) and where the events took place (eg in the shed) . 14 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus.write in the past tense eg had. He walked for three miles. Next. He walked for two miles. I wanted to take a taxi. My Day I had a terrible day yesterday.lmpc. c. I was in such a hurry that I burned my hand when I was making breakfast. Because he didn't see alarm clock. He ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus.
ran out /rʌn aʊt/ 3. walked /wɔ:kd/ 4. forgot /fə'gɒt/ 5. burned /bɜ:nd/ 7. I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off (paragraph 1) Next. The writer hopes to take a taxi. I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday (paragraph 3) • • • • Re-orientation: optional closure of events. terrible /'terəbl/ 10. c. Activity 5 Read the words taken from the text and ﬁnd their synonyms. Events: tell what happened. quickly /kwiklɪ/ Activity 6 Paragraph • Read and study the text structure of the recount text in Activity 4. d. hurry /hʌrɪ/ 9. I had a terrible day yesterday. but I didn't have enough money (paragraph 2) Finally. in what sequence. but of course I missed it. First. The writer hopes to discover that it was Sunday. missed /mɪsd/ 6. Generic Structure • Orientation: provides the setting and introduces participants. It's Nice to See You 15 . The writer hopes that yesterday will be better. wanted /wɒntɪd/ 2.5. b. What does the writer hope? a. woke up /wɒk ʌp/ 8. I wanted to take a taxi. I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. The writer hopes he never had a day like yesterday. 1.
" After driven her home I went back to my house. Then she said "Yes. I had my lunch but I wasn't enjoying it either. • • • • • • Use at with speciﬁc times: at 5:00/at 7:30/at noon/ at midnight Use from and to with a span of time: from 6:00 to 9:00/from 1941 to 1945 Use in with other parts of the day: in the afternoon/ in the morning/in the evening (exception: at night) Use in with months: in August/in June Use in with years: in 19999/in 2001 Use in with seasons: in the spring/in the summer/ in the winter 16 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . She smiled. I met her at four o'clock. I remembered all my lines. At seven. After praying and taking a bath. I wrapped my works and got ready to pick her up and of course proposed her. we had a romantic dinner. it was three o'clock. I woke up at about five o'clock yesterday. I was thinking about the lines that I had to say to her. I practiced the lines to almost all girls I met at my lunch. So. I thought it was the perfect time to ask her to be my wife. At one o'clock. took a little walk and went to a movie. Then I said the lines that I practiced the whole afternoon. 2002 Grammar Review Using Prepositions of Time It is important to use correct prepositions to show time relationship. Work in pairs. I had my early breakfast. because I was about to propose a girl. Study the prepositions of time and the example. It wasn't a regular day. Taken from New Horizons in English. Finally. At about nine o'clock I was in my office but my soul wasn't there. I reached my pocket to get a ring and put it around her ﬁnger. I was a little bit crazy. Yes.Activity 7 Read the following text and identify its text structure.
2001/on New Year's Eve Activity 8 Complete the sentences with the correct prepositions. She was born October 31. I lived in Jakarta Linda was born 1952.00 the morning and arrives in Singapore 10:45. She takes the train Saturday 9. I would leave home at 8 am on the dot and make my way down the lane.• • Use on with days of the week: on Sunday/on Tuesday/ on Friday Use on with speciﬁc dates: on June 30 on April 21. 1995 1998. 3. 2.edu. After a walk of about 700 metres I would be able to see the tall steeple of the school. 4:00 the afternoon. Rudi goes to Singapore every weekend. My mother got me ready for school then I had to wait for her to brush my hair and place every strand in just the perfect position. Only after my mother was totally satisﬁed would I be allowed to rush out of the front door.au It's Nice to See You 17 . Activity 9 Read the following text and identify the prepositions of time in the text. Adapted from www.lmpc. I had to show her my shoes that I had cleaned the night before and my school bag had to be neatly put on my shoulder before I could get near the door. I'll meet you for lunch Tuesday noon. 4. 1. 5. The playground would be full in the summer and the noise would make me want to rush into the yard and get into a good game of football before the bell went.
Speechless.m. Lovely Luna Text by Apel Your Project You might have an interesting experience lately. Confuse. 3. This morning Andika called me. 5. 5. Answer the questions that follow. Happy. I wondered from whom he got my cell phone number. 2. 28th 2008 08. 1. When did Luna write her diary above? Who called her? How did she feel when Andika called her? Did she know where Andika got her number? How is Luna's feeling for Andika? Do you think she likes him? 18 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . March. 1. Do you have a diary? What do people usually write in it? What sort of advantages can people get from writing it? Have you ever written your past experience in a diary? If yes. I was surprised.00 p. 3. 2. Activity 1 Answer the following questions. My heart beat faster when I heard his voice. 4. what was it about? Activity 2 Pay attention to the following diary. It will be so much fun when you read what you have written a few years later. write recount texts. Write it in your diary. you will learn how to: • • arrange recount texts.Writing In this section. 4.
30-11.30-9..00-1. Then use all the sentences to write the paragraph.00-10. First. Tuesday 08. He wrote his journey in his diary. I went to south America and ﬁnally back home to Indonesia. After through Asia.00 12. Activity 4 Study the following schedule.. When I had seen the sights in Europe. It's Nice to See You 19 .30 10.00 1. Remember to begin with topic sentences. Arrange them so they follow a logical time order. I ﬂew from his home in Mexico City to New York City. I took a train to Istanbul and visited many places in Asia.30 11. At 08.30-12.. I spent a week in New York and then ﬂew to London and enjoyed several weeks in Europe.00 greet new students give test to new students order new text books make phone calls have lunch with teachers observe classes For example: Last week I had a busy schedule in my class. Deri saved his money and spent two months travelling around the world.00-3. I came in to the class and greeted the students.00 9.Activity 3 Arrange the following sentences into the correct order. . Write a paragraph that telling past events based on the schedule.30.
she is our national heroine and a great lady with the bright idea kartini was born in 1879 april 21 in mayong jepara. sosroningrat wedana (assistant of head of regency) in mayong. However I explained that it was time for my piano practice. everyone knows who kartini is. then she moved to rembang. I was delighted when she agreed but it was really difﬁcult talking to her. his name was singgih. ma ngasirah was a girl from teluk awur village in jepara as the daughter of a noble family. kartini. 20 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . in september 13 1904 she gave a birth to her son. the head of rembang regency. so I rang her and asked her for a date. Blind Date The phone call Her story Doni got my name from a friend. it is beautiful day for the woman because we celebrate the birth of great lady ra. nowadays indonesian women progress is inﬂuenced by kartini's spirit stated on collection of letter habis gelap terbitlah terang from the dusk to the dawn Adapted from www. she got better education than other children in november 12 1903 she married adipati djoyodiningrat. I had to carry on the whole conversation myself.recount. he started talking about himself. Rewrite it using your own words. her father was rmaa. and there was no stopping him. decide the conclusion at each stage. She wouldn't say a word.Activity 5 Punctuate and capitalise the following text. As you read the text. Write it in your workbook. but after giving birth to a son. her mother. her condition was getting worse and she ﬁnally passed away on september 17 1904 on her 25 years old now kartini has gone. He told me that she was really pretty and had a lovely personality. she felt luck because she got more than the ordinary people got. according to javanese tradition kartini had to follow her husband. but her spirit and dream will always be in our heart. I couldn't have got in a word edgewise even if I had wanted to. He telephoned me and invited me to see a ﬁlm and I accepted. His story Maya is a friend of Galih.peperonity.com Activity 6 Read this story. r a kartini every april 21 people in indonesia commemorate the kartini day.
His story I would never call her again. I never want to see him again. It was awful. I whispered 'be quiet' several times but it had no effect. and you should have seen Maya's face when she ﬁrst came to the door! As we walked to the bus stop she grumbled that Galih always took her out by car. His story She let me order the most expensive dish on the menu and she didn't even touch a bite. One date with her was more than enough. He also made a loud noise eating his popcorn. She's a real snob. The meal Her story He took me to a cafe. When I came to the door and saw the ridiculous outﬁt he was wearing. Her Mom answered the door and asked me what I wanted. I was getting ready. I almost died of embarrassment. Adapted from New Horizons in English 4. and insisted on ordering a whole meal for me. She explained that she was still full from lunch. She refused everything that I offered her. I wanted to crawl into a hole. She behaved terribly. The future Her story Would I go out with him again? You must be joking. but I think she wanted to go somewhere more expensive. The ﬁlm was very funny. His story I got there on time. but she kept muttering throughout. I explained that I was Maya's date. I wasn't even hungry. He was so insensitive. I think she was impressed by my suit.The arrival Her story When he came to pick me up. and never apologized. I didn't know where to look. Then he suggested that we took a bus. 2002 It's Nice to See You 21 . His story She was a real bore. I told her she looked lovely! The movie Her story He laughed so loudly that everybody turned round to look at us.
22 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 It was an interesting ﬁlm about a plane which crashed on a small empty island in the Paciﬁc Ocean. After a few weeks. the passengers were eating raw ﬁsh and meat. It was an American movie called The Lost Flight.Activity 7 Look at the pictures and arrange the sentences in the correct order to form a meaningful paragraph based on the pictures. d. So the passengers had to learn how to hunt for food in the jungle and how to catch ﬁsh from the sea to eat. a. c. nobody knew where the plane had crashed. Although the passengers were safe. b. e.
k. 1. j. But my sister and I enjoyed the ﬁlm. 4. 2. three of the men made a boat and sailed away to ﬁnd help. After they had been on the island for two months. g. She put the things on her list in time order. Use her list to write a paragraph about the things she had to do. • • • • • • buy food for dinner at supermarket pick up birthday cake at bakery clean house make dinner wrap present set table Activity 9 Work in groups of four and everyone should share his/her unforgettable experience. Activity 10 Now think of your most memorable experience and write it like a diary entry. Then write a diary and tell it in front of the class. Consider the following. She made a list of things she had to do before the party. Vicki had a birthday for her friend. i. 3. It showed how people can quickly change when they have to look after themselves in the jungle. h. Remember to begin with a topic sentence and use signal words. Decide one that the group think is the most unforgettable.f. Activity 8 Yesterday. But their boat sank and they were drowned. What was it? When and where did it happen? Who was involved? How was it memorable? And why? It's Nice to See You 23 . The ﬁlm ended without saying whether the passengers were rescued or not. My sister and I went to see a ﬁlm last night.
24 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . • Hello. • Good night. introduce yourself and others.Orientation : . What do you say to greet people? 3. How do you introduce yourself? 2.Chapter Summary 1. What do you say when you need to leave the person you're talking to? 4. 4. Parting • Goodbye.Re-orientation : 2. • Good evening.Events : . 3. b. identify the structure of recount texts. perform a monologue of recount texts. write a recount text. in what sequence optional-closure of events Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. Now. Greeting • Hi! • Hello. Introducing • Hi. If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties. respond to oral instructions. • Good morning. 5. Genre Recount Social function : Generic structure . say greetings and goodbye. 2. c. identify ideational meaning in the recount texts. my name is Dewi. answer the questions: 1. 7. Write your last holiday experience and tell it to your friends. 6. you are expected to be able to: 1. meeting and parting. to retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining provides the setting and introduces participants tell what happened. 8. Language Functions a. I am Deri. respond to the expressions of introducing. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. • See you later.
Chapter 2 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n I'm Sorry to Hear That In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • • • • • Responding to expression of happiness Responding to expressions of sympathy and showing affection Responding to narrative texts Using expression of happiness Using expressions of sympathy and showing affection Performing a monologue of narrative texts Identifying the structure of a narrative text Reading narrative texts Developing a paragraph of a narrative text Writing a narrative text Speaking: Reading: Writing: 25 .
respond to narrative texts. you will learn how to: • • • respond to expression of happiness. What do you feel when you hear a good news? 3. What do you feel when you hear a bad news? 4. Will you be surprised especially when hearing the bad news? 26 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Activity 1 Study the following situations and answer the questions. 1. Your friend's father suddenly passed away soon after he got off from the bus. Your English teacher told you that you score in the last test is excellent.Listening In this section. What will you do or say to show your happiness? 6. Your friend hurt himself when playing football. How do you respond to someone telling you a good and a bad news? 5. respond to expressions of sympathy and showing affection. She couldn't even stand up because she broke her ankle. The debate team of your school won the national debate competition. Your sister slipped and she was in such pain. What will you do or say to show your sympathy? 7. • • • • • • You are informed that your father has just got promotion in his workplace. What do you think of the situations? Are there good news or bad news? 2.
No. b. 3. Is that right? That's too bad. The correct response is (b) Oh really? I'm sorry to hear that. 7. It gives me satisfaction. a. For example: You will hear: My sister got a car accident last night. I'm delighted to hear that. a. I'm Sorry to Hear That 27 . 1. I'm sorry to hear that. I'm so happy. b. Words good news happy happiness bad news sympathy affection terrible condolence Expressions It's really great. Oh. a. 6. repeat the words and expressions. The best response is …. a. Oh. 4. b. 5. 3. b. Is that right? How nice! I'm happy with that. 2. b. a.Activity 2 Listen to the tape carefully. Then. b. Oh really? It is nice to hear that. Oh really? I'm sorry to hear that. a. 2. I'm very sorry to hear that! That is a pity/shame! Are you OK? What a terrible situation! Please accept my condolences! Activity 3 Listen to the tape and choose the best response from the expressions you hear. 4. Oh really? That's great. that's bad news. Oh really? That's too bad. How terrible! I'm delighted to hear that. that's good news. How poor she is. 8. 5. 1.
Mom? Mother: Perhaps after dinner. I am also 3 to have parents like you both. priorities and values). and perspectives of others from our own lens (e. has just got an accident. his friend. Andi : I'll 6 in the hospital right away. priorities and values).g. Andi : He wasn't.about.com 28 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . He broke his legs. Deni : Hi. your father said that he would take you to the department store.g.Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogues. Hani : Hooray! That's 1 . sympathy and affection. 1 that Rudi fell off when he was riding his motorcycles? Andi : Oh really? 2 ! What happened? Deni : He was riding in a big storm. was he? Deni : He was. experiences. She is very happy. He couldn't 4 . He must have skidded in the rain. Frankly we both are so 2 for your performance at school. Hani : Thanks for your praise. Mom. I'm so 4 to be your Mom. When do we go there. Mother: My dear daughter. Mother: You are a wonderful daughter for us. Was he badly injured? Deni : Sure. Source: www. Andi. New Horizon What's the difference between sympathy and empathy? Sympathy is the act of imagining and interpreting the thoughts. Hani : Thanks Mom. Father will buy a new pair of shoes for you. our history. their history. experiences. Rudi. and perspectives of others from their own lens (e. experiences. Pay attention to the expressions for showing happiness. Empathy the act of attempting to understand the thoughts. Dialogue 1 Hani gets a gift from her mother. Andi : Oh 3 . he was such in pain. Dialogue 2 Deni tells Andi bad news. experiences. 5 Andi : . Where is he now? Is he in the hospital? Deni : He is still in the Emergency Unit of Sumber Waras Hospital.
He was in hospital for ﬁve weeks. Name Rani Listen to the statements and complete the following table.000 credit bonus. Well done. 4. 7. You are excellent and brilliant. 5. 8. Did you hear that Mr. Many people died and got serious injured. Activity 6 Listen to the following dialogue and answer these questions based on what you heard. I saw a bad thunder storm in California. 2. Number one has been done for you. I've lost my wallet somewhere. 4. You get a free ticket for this holiday. I heard that Budi was in jail.on it. 6. Rendi was knocked down by a car. 8. You get Rp 10. 3. Types of the Story fairy tales Title of the Story Cinderella 1. What is the dialogue about? Who are involved in the dialogue? What is Boni looking for? What kind of books does he need? What do you know about folktales? Do you like to read or hear stories? What kind of stories do you like? What is your favourite story? Activity 7 No.000. Congratulations. It's got Rp. He was arrested for trafﬁc violence. 1. You got a great mark for the ﬁnal test. 100. Then make the best response for each expression. 4. Yesterday. 7. 3. I'm Sorry to Hear That 29 . 1.Activity 5 Listen and study these expressions. 5. on the TV news. 2. 3. 2. Rendy got a serious cancer disease? 6.
they usually give their information about: • the setting (the place. When the little girl 5 the door of her grandmother's house. The little girl said yes she was. 2004 Activity 9 Study the following explanation. Then. listen to your teacher reading another story and complete the table. The Little Girl and the Wolf James Thurber One afternoon. "Are you carrying that basket to your grandmother?" 3 the wolf. she saw there was somebody in bed with a nightcap and 6 . time) • the characters (the people in the story) • the events (the conﬂict in the story) • the outcome (what happened in the end) Setting Characters Events Outcome 30 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . However.Activity 8 Listen to the tape and complete the following story. Finally. So the little girl took an automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead. So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived and the little girl told him and he 4 into the woods. the little girl came along and she was carrying a basket of food. She had approached no nearer than twenty-ﬁve feet from the bed when she 7 it was not her grandmother but the wolf. Different writers organise their stories in different ways. for even in a nightcap a wolf doesn't look anymore like your grandmother than 8 lion looks like Calvin Coolidge. Taken from Readings to Remember. a big wolf 1 in the dark forest for a little girl to come along carrying 2 to her grandmother.
One of your friends had an accident. I'm really sorry to hear that! Oh that's awful. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. what are the expressions? 4. It makes me happy. What do you usually say when you want to attract someone's attention? 3. Your brother has a problem. He looks sad. you will learn how to: • • • use expression of happiness. 4. I know how it feels. perform a monologue of narrative texts. I'm Sorry to Hear That 31 . 3. 1. 10. Are you ﬁne? Oh dear. Please accept my condolences! What a terrible situation for you. 2. I'm so happy. What do you usually say when you are pleased or happy? 2. What will you say to show your affection? Activity 2 Read and practise the following expressions.Speaking In this section. What do you say to show your sympathy? 5. 1. I'm delighted to hear that. 7. It gives me a great pleasure. 5. What a shame. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 6. Do you have different expressions when showing your happiness in front of your friends and elderly people? If yes. use expressions of sympathy and showing affection. 9. 8. It's really great. What a nice news.
However.. She is very happy. Mother : Yes. Basri : Oh really? What happened? Ali : She was driving a car and suddenly a speedy truck bumped into her car in front. you know. Basri : Of course. that's wonderful. I hope he'll be better soon. What's up? Retno : Mom. 32 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . e. pleasure agreement sympathy expectation satisfaction (UAN 2005) Y X a. Ivan. Basri : Really? I'm sorry to hear that. poor John.. I hope so. So her death was really a shock for me and my family. She was badly hurt because of a car accident. c. The italicised sentence is used to express . It's lovely. Basri : Was she ill or something before she died? Ali : No. I will. Then act them out in front of the class. Go tell your daddy. Is everything alright? Ali : Well. Dialogue 1 Retno gets a good news about her job application. I'm pretty sure next week will be better for you. I can't still believe that she's gone. d. : Oh. Pay attention to your expressions. Basri : Hi. Dialogue 2 Basri shows his sympathy to his friend. this week has been so terrible for me. What happened to him? : He was sent to the hospital because of his sickness.Activity 3 Read and practise the following dialogues. I'm so happy right now. Mother : I'm right here. Ali. no. You don't look very happy. Retno : Mommy. Mommy…. b. Come on. I sent a job application to a big international company near the downtown a couple of days ago and just now I got a phone call from the company that I get accepted. UN Shot X : I haven't met John for three days. where is mom? Father : She is back there. It's always hard to lose someone you love. I am going to work. What actually happened? Ali : My grandmother passed away on Tuesday. Retno : Yes. Ali : Thanks.. Retno : Dad.
Oh that's awful. What's wrong with you? Hope you will be ﬁne. sympathy and affection.. I do sympathise (I assure you). I'm Sorry to Hear That 33 . I'm with you. What a terrible situation for you. Oh dear. I'm delighted to hear that. I'm so happy.What to Say Study the following expressions of showing happiness... sorry to hear that. Showing Happiness More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • It's really great. I know how it feels Oh what a shame . Showing Affection (Giving Attention) More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • What should I do to cheer you up? I really care about you? Don't you worry. Are you OK? Showing Sympathy More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • You have my deepest sympathy. I'm extremely sorry to hear that. It gives me a great pleasure. Nice news! Or good News! It makes me happy. Hooray! It's lovely.
Wandi : Mommy. Your English teacher told you that you score in the last test is excellent. What's up? Ranti : Mom. Mr Andrew : Oh. I'm for you. You have my sincere . Sir. Then practise them with your friends'. My teacher told me that I am one of the students who get a scholarship from a national University in Jakarta. Eka : Excuse me. that's excellent. I'll take . Mr Andrew : What can I do for you.Activity 4 Work in pairs and complete the dialogues with the expressions you have learned. I'm afraid I cannot ﬁnish my job at the moment. Mother : Oh really. Use the expressions you have learned. Activity 5 Now. but I have just received a call from my mother telling me that my father has passed away. Ranti : Thanks Mom. you know what. 2. Eka : I know that Sir. Dialogue 2 Eka asks her boss to have a few days off because her father has passed away. I'm . make dialogues based on the following situations. Don't worry about this project. mommy…. Dialogue 1 Wandi gets a scholarship. 34 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Eka : Thank you. Mr Andrew : Are you serious? We need to ﬁnish this project right away. Eka? Eka : Well. Your friend's father has passed away. Express your sympathy in the dialogue. Take all the time you need. Sir. Mother : I'm right here. I'm so now. Sir. He is very happy. 1. Then act them out with your friends'.
When he returned home. his father told him that if he had helped the miners to dig. His father later told him that he should have tried to settle the quarrel.Activity 6 Answer the following questions. what was the story about? What can you get from a story? Activity 7 Read aloud the following story. again to be chased away. In the final event. he started drumming and dancing. He stepped in to stop the ﬁght and was gored to death by angry bulls. 2001 A stupid man was sent by his father to sell salt. His father told him that he should have poured water on the ﬁre instead. There he dug a huge hole. When he returned home. he went to a village where there happened to be a ﬁre. they would have bought his salt. Taken from English Bestseller 12. 1. The man next went to a house where a wedding was taking place. What do you know about storytelling? Did you ever tell a story to your friend? If yes. the people there would have bought salt from him. Pay attention to your intonation and expressions. He ﬁrst went to a mining area but nobody there wanted his salt. Do a storytelling to your friends. a couple were ﬁghting with each other. in which case they would have bought salt from him. Rushing to the place. 3. The foolish man poured a bucketful of water on them. Blind Listening father told him that if he had beaten a drum and danced instead. In the next place he went to. the man saw two bulls ﬁghting with each other. only to be thrown out by the people. Then. 4. his I'm Sorry to Hear That 35 . This made the people angry and they chased him away. if he wanted to sell salt there. 2.
His house is large and located in the town of Keelung.Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher.) 36 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . he gave them much money. It could be a folk tale or a legend. As their sons were no longer children. Retell it in front of the class. There was a rich man having three sons. chase /tʃeɪs/ 5. (Continue your storytelling using your own words. Use the following steps as your guide. 2. 1. Make the storytelling as interesting as possible. characters.. village /'vɪlɪdʒ/ 10. Identify the setting. stupid /'stju:pɪd/ 9. dug /dʌg/ 2. throw /θrɘʊ/ 6. events and outcome of the story. Well. Example: Let me tell you something.. Make sure that you fully understand the story. salt /sɔ:lt/ 3. quarrel /'kwɒrɘl/ Activity 8 Find a story that you know well. 3. 1.. dance /dɑ:ns/ 7. death /deθ/ 8. This is a story of three foolish sons in northern Taiwan. its amount is two hundred dollars for each of his son. pour /pɔ:/ 4. Can't you imagine that .
2004 Teddy Bear meets real farm animals. Bear in the Barnyard. May 10. read and understand narrative texts. little Bear explores the farm with all the wonder and condor of a child. you will learn to: • • • identify the structure of narrative texts. 1. His questions never end and he wishes he were needed like the animals seem to be. com to read fairy tales from 'The Brothers Grimm'. Source: Publishers Weekly. fable b.com Visit www. 2. a. identify meanings and information in narrative texts. legend The following is the titles of two books and brief summaries of them. Use your dictionary to check new words. Decide the types of them. illustrated by Tony Morris 3. Do you enjoy reading? The following is a list of different types of stories. Activity 1 Answer these questions. and retell it in front of your class. Choose one of your favourites. superhero c. by Sue Robinson. science-ﬁction f. And so he experiments considerably.Reading In this section. folk tale d.grimmfairytales. fantasy g. I'm Sorry to Hear That 37 . adventure e. At once curious and conﬁdent. a Englishclub.
5% 7. Hairy green. What type of ﬁction do you like most? Others Adventure 10% Science-ﬁction 15% 25% 10 5% Superhero 12. May 10. 2004 The book's crazy collection of worried creatures is scared–not scary–and your child will know it's true.b Under the Bed. illustrated by Ben Cort Source: Publishers Weekly. these monsters ﬂee the bedroom when they discover the child. spiney red. It shows you types of ﬁction read by students in a class. by Paul Bright. Activity 2 Study the chart below and answer the questions that follow.5% Folk tale Legend 10% 15% Crime detection Fantasy Total: 100% = 40 38 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . warty and winged.
1. 2. 3. he killed his father. Three Foolish Sons The three sons went off separately. You must do the same. You must do something to earn your own living. The second son picked up his tools and tried to repair the damage to his father's head. The eldest son met a hunter. "You are no longer children. He bought a set of tools from him so that he could make baskets. They had spent all their money uselessly. Now. When I die. the eldest son tried to shoot a ﬂy on his father's forehead. One day. Taken from Favourite Stories from Taiwan. Instead." I'm Sorry to Hear That 39 . Pay attention to your intonation and pronunciation in reading the story. "What stupid sons I have!" He said. The second son met a basketmaker. here is two hundred dollars for each of you. They lived in a large house in the town of Keelung in northern Taiwan. The third son met a doctor who told him that he had a medicine which could cure all diseases. I started with nothing and made a fortune by working hard. I am not going to leave you very much money. The third son tried to cure his father with medicine which he had bought. 2000 There was a rich man who had three sons. When the rich man heard what his sons had done with the money he had given them. What type of ﬁction do students like most? How many people read crime detection? What is the least favourite ﬁction? Can you ﬁll in the blanks with the number of students who read each type of ﬁction? Activity 3 Read aloud the following text. You can use it to start your own business. he said to his sons. He thought that hunting would be ﬁne so he bought a gun from him for two hundred dollars. 4. Everyone said that the three sons were very foolish. he was very angry. One day. He bought it from him for two hundred dollars.
"One day he will become a thief and cause you a lot of trouble. Several years later. He returned the bag to him. Sau Ling was very honest. in its place. they were very unhappy. a fortune-teller came to the house. He put his bag on the ﬂoor near his table. Because of this. Pretend that you were one of the sons of the rich man in the story entitled Three Foolish Sons. "You are really very honest. he picked up his bag. They believed what the fortune-teller said. They took the baby into their house and called him Sau Ling. "It feels so heavy. "That's strange!" he thought. What would you do with your money? 2. The Fortune Teller In the great city of Taipei. They gave Sau Ling some clothes and money and sent him away. He was wrapped in a blanket and crying. The young man thanked him. It was full of small gold bars. After ﬁnishing his meal. What would you do with your money? Pretend that you were the rich man. Then he realised that someone had taken his bag by mistake and left another bag. they found a baby boy outside their door. a young man came to the inn. Activity 5 Read the text and study its text structure.Activity 4 Discuss the following questions with your friends based on the text in Activity 3." he said." Mr and Mrs Lin were very sad to hear this. That evening. there lived a man called Lin and his wife. "Has anyone seen my bag?" he asked." he said. "I shall ask my orientation complication 40 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . They loved him very much. When Sau Ling was a young man. "You must send your son away. Sau Ling was having a meal in an inn several miles from Taipei." He looked inside. One day. 1. They had no children.
" The young man's father was a rich merchant. and resolution. The fortune-teller was also present. 4. The structure of narrative text consists of three parts: orientation. Sau Ling told them what had happened. Complication begins when there is a problem in resolution. Activity 6 Read the following words taken from the text. 1. Taken from Favourite Stories from Taiwan. "and take a holiday. Mr and Mrs Lin were delighted to see him again. 7. He gave Sau Ling a good job. The structure of narrative text occurs in the text variously. 8. Mr and Mrs Lin never believed in fortune-teller after that.resolution father to give you a job." he said. He left the house without saying a word. 5. 10. 6." Sau Ling returned to Taipei. 2. "But go home ﬁrst. Sau Ling took them to live with him and they were very happy and contented until the end of their lives. 9. 2000 Every text has its own structure. called /kɔ:ld/ found /fəʊnd/ wrapped /ræpd/ cried /kraɪd/ picked /pɪkd/ believed /bɪˈli:vd/ looked /lʊkd/ realised /rɪəlɑɪzd/ returned /rɪˈtɛnd/ thanked /ɵæŋkd/ I'm Sorry to Hear That 41 . complication. 3. The fortune-teller did not know what to say. Then ﬁnd their synonyms. A text may have only one complication and resolution but another text may have more than one complication and resolution. Orientation describes scene and introduces the participants of the story.
"I'm sure she'll be back soon. The afternoon stretched out long and hot. As soon as she had ﬁnished her food she slipped down from her chair. Rosaura jumped up to chase the butterﬂy. Rosaura was hiding from her mother and father. Rosaura ate her meal quickly." "Rosaura! Rosaura!" If you were tall enough. listening to the faint sound of her mother's voice. But Rosaura was already through the gate. where are you going?" called her mother. All day long through the hot summers she loved to run in the ﬁelds. A Story about Red wanted to go back into the sunshine to play. "It's time for lunch. She caught a glimpse of Rosaura's red ribbon disappearing around the door. In her tangled black hair. Her skin was brown as a nut from the sun. They rustled above her head where the sky stretched clear and blue.Activity 7 Read this text carefully. As the sun reached the far side of the ﬁeld. "Rosaura. or the wind whispering in the corn? Rosaura was not sure. "Rosaura! Rosaura!" Was that the sound of her mother calling. and heading for the fields. His eyes scanned the ﬁelds for Rosaura's red ribbon. Rosaura's father walked back to the cottage. her red ribbon ﬂuttered. All Rosaura could see were the swaying green stalks of the corn. It was her favourite game. And if you had looked closer you might have seen a small girl wearing a red ribbon. Suddenly. Identify the structure of the story based on the example in Activity 5. She crouched quietly. Her feet were scratched and her toes bruised on stones as she chased after the mice hiding in the corn stalks. But it was nowhere to be seen. forgetting all about her hiding game. "Rosaura! There you are." said her mother. "Hasn't Rosaura come back yet?" asked her father as he came through the door. you might have seen a little splash of red in the tall grass." It was dark and cool in the cottage where Rosaura lived with her parents." called her mother. She 42 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . "Not yet. a bright yellow butterﬂy darted by.
" "But the spirits have left us these flowers to remind us of her. is how the red poppy came to be. "I see her!" he cried. 3. Rosaura's mother and father stood at the door of their cottage. say the Indians. "Look!" cried Rosaura's mother suddenly. As night fell. "Rosaura won't be coming home anymore. And again they ran towards the dear red ribbon. Rosaura's parents began to walk and call for her in the ﬁeld. looking for the red ribbon. But they could ﬁnd no red ribbon.But the supper was ready and still there was no sign of Rosaura. 2. Rosaura's mother and father felt so sad. It was ﬁlled with red ﬂowers swaying and ﬂuttering in the tall grass. But oh! It wasn't Rosaura's ribbon at all. when the corn ripened and the evenings grew long. staring over the ﬁeld. In the dawn. Now the sun had set. 5. Rosaura's mother and father looked around the ﬁeld. As the sun came up bright and strong. Taken from Childcraft: World of Colour. 4. "Rosaura! Rosaura!" Soon the shadows were deep blue in the yard. 2003 Activity 8 Answer these questions based on the story in Activity 7. But it was another red ﬂower. It was too dark to see the red ribbon now." said her mother. "There she is!" They began to run towards the red ribbon that she had spotted among the corn. "She was always happier in the ﬁelds. Her father looked away in disappointment. "They will stay with us!" Every year. 1. but the red petals of a ﬂower. casting a red glow over the ﬁelds. they stood alone and sad amongst the corn. Who is the main character of the story? What was Rosaura's favourite game? Why did Rosaura eat her meal quickly? Did Rosaura come back home when the supper was ready? Could Rosaura's mother and father ﬁnd her? I'm Sorry to Hear That 43 . The red morning sun lit up their tired faces. And that." said Rosaura's father. Rosaura's mother and father had never seen such a ﬂower before. Rosaura's parents called and called all through the night. Rosaura's parents stood at the edge of the ﬁelds and watched the red ﬂowers dancing under the sun. they fetched lamp that lit up patches of corn and grass and startled the sleeping mice.
6. What did Rosaura's father say about the red ﬂowers ﬁlled the ﬁeld? 9. and Indian culture. 2. Rosaura ate her meal quickly. 2. ancient Greek. Negative 1. 2. Stories are of ancient origin. used as parables and examples used to illustrate points. Her father did not look away in disappointment.wikipedia. existing in ancient Egypt. We can change the sentences into negative and question form. 44 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Afﬁrmative 1. Chinese. This tense is commonly used in story telling and when we tell others about past events. Stories are also a ubiquitous component of human communication. Why did Rosaura's mother think that the petals of the ﬂower were her ribbon? 7. Many works of art and most works of literature tell stories. Rosaura did not eat her meal quickly. 1.org Grammar Review Simple Past Tense Look at the following sentences. Source: www. Why did Rosaura's mother think that Rosaura wouldn't be coming home anymore? 8. Most of the humanities involve stories. Her father looked away in disappointment. What do Indians say about the story? 10. Did Rosaura eat her meal quickly? Did her father look away in disappointment? Question In afﬁrmative sentence we use verb in past form whereas in negative and question sentences we use inﬁnitive. What do you call such a tale? New Horizon Stories are an important aspect of culture. Storytelling was probably one of the earliest forms of entertainment.
ﬁnally) the right room. 6. Use simple past tense form. Some of the students were late to class because they were playing soccer at the park. the teacher (walk) into the room and all the multilingual conversation (stop) . 10. 8. It sounded like the United Nations. Anita was attending a conference in England last month. 2 It was my ﬁrst day of class. however. I (drive) down Washington Avenue when suddenly I (see) a car in my lane. Does the teacher visit Indonesia Book fair in Jakarta? Sally is listening to music in her room. The other car (miss. students (talk. almost) a car accident last night. Roy is taking a nap on the couch. On one side of the room. 2. just) my car by about an inch. I (choose) an empty seat in the last row and (sit) down. 1. Wahyu falls in love with the new student. I (step) on the brakes and (swerve) to the right. Some of the students. They do not know each other. (sit. 5. 3 4. and some (converse) in Arabic. Activity 10 1 Complete the following paragraphs using the verbs in parentheses. The teacher is correcting paper at her desk. Rosaura runs away from her house. She cries in front of me. 7. I'm Sorry to Hear That 45 . I (ﬁnd. Other students (speak) Japanese. The room (be. I (have. It (come) right at my car.Activity 9 Change the tenses of the following sentences into simple past tense form. 9. In a few minutes. already) full of students. just) quietly by themselves. busily) to each other in Spanish.
Shadow Puppet Show: Durna's Trap The story started with Durna who was teaching the art of archery to the children of Hastina Kingdom at the palace's yard. Innocently. Angry and disappoin ted. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. 2. Have you ever written a story? Is it difﬁcult or not? What makes you feel difﬁcult in writing a story? What makes you feel easy in writing a story? Activity 2 Arrange the pictures based on the following story. He was Ekalaya. a young man watched the practice.co. When he met Ekalaya. write narrative texts. 4. Still Ekalaya was neither angry nor revengeful. The result was astonishing. Ekalaya followed the request but then realised he had been cheated. Durna's favourite student. he knew Durna did not want anybody to rival Arjuna.joglosemar. Ekalaya ﬁnally encountered Arjuna. write main ideas and its supporting ideas. you will learn how to: • • • develop a paragraph of narrative texts. It turned out the arrow belonged to Ekalaya. With this statue as his imaginative teacher. Adapted from www. Ekalaya learned how to shoot arrows by himself. Ekalaya turned very skillfull in shooting arrows just like Arjuna. since the man promised only to teach children of Pandawa and Kurawa. His strong will to study from Durna influenced him go to the forest and create a statue of Durna as a symbol of Durna's presence. From far away. Ekalaya became angrier when he was told by his wife that Arjuna was in love with her and challenged Arjuna to a duel. Durna trapped him saying he would admit Ekalaya as his student if he cut off the thumb of his right hand as evidence of his loyalty to his master. Ekalaya wanted to study with Durna but was rejected. who was hunting in the forest. 1. the crown prince of Parang Gelung Kingdom. Durna was surprised when Arjuna told him about Ekalaya.id 46 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 3. Arjuna was surprised to ﬁnd that an arrow struck the animal he was hunting.Writing In this section. Ekalaya said he was Durna's student.
Supporting ideas: • The students were the children of Hastina Kingdom. I'm Sorry to Hear That 47 . main idea is commonly placed at the beginning of the paragraph. • There was a young man who watched the practice.1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Activity 3 Study the following explanation. It will guide you in writing a story. The ideas above are developed into the ﬁrst paragraph of the text entitled Shadow Puppet Show: Durna's Trap. In English. Look at the following example. A paragraph has a main idea and its supporting ideas. Main idea: Durna taught the art of archery.
I bet that it'll break even when you try to cut wood with it. One day. In the end. But the old man's words kept ringing in his ears. You can use Story B as an example. Which one is it? Story A This made the store owner so angry that he gave him a few blows. "I'm the best blacksmith in this town!" he said. The old man held the sword in his hand and swung it several times. Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales Activity 5 Compare the stories in Activity 4. Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales before buying it. breaking the bowl in the process. And he poured water into the hat. But the silly man got the instructions mixed up. He decided to improve his skill in making swords by learning from other people. 48 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The blacksmith realised that the old man was right. He was not the best blacksmith." The blacksmith was very furious. With pride the blacksmith showed a large and shimmering sword. The sword broke instantly. the silly man had not only to pay for the damaged goods but also to return home empty-handed. destroying it. Then. Worried that he would be cheated. "It's a nice sword but the handle isn't very comfortable. decide its main idea and supporting ideas.Activity 4 Study the following stories. one day an old man walked in and asked the blacksmith to show him his best sword. the wife instructed him to test the bowl by ﬁlling it with some water and to try the hat on Story B In a blacksmith store. So he immediately tried to cut some wood with the sword. One of the stories does not make sense because the sentences are not in the right order. Rewrite the Story A so that the sentences are in the right order. He tried to ﬁt the bowl onto his head. the wife of a foolish man sent him to buy an earthen bowl and a horsehair hat.
1. 1994 Your Project Write a main idea and its supporting ideas. Taken from Kancil and Cucumber. develop them into a short story. • The owner of the farm trapped Sang Kancil and put him inside a strong cage. • He was very angry with human beings. • Sang Kancil told the farmer's dog that the farmer would let him marry his daughter. • The dog let Sang Kancil walk out and entered the cage. Here are some ideas to inspire you. especially hunters. You are free to choose them or make your own ideas.Activity 6 Develop a paragraph from the following outline. The Legend of (certain place) Main idea: In a very big forest there was a very clever and cunning animal called Sang Kancil. Supporting ideas: • Sang Kancil's parents and brother were killed by a cruel hunter. Then. • One day he stole cucumbers from a farm. I'm Sorry to Hear That 49 . A Greedy Child 2. • Sang Kancil offered the dog to take the place of him.
Resolution : the crisis is resolved. identify the structure of a narrative text. sympathy. 8. 50 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . sympathy and affection. . What will you say to show sympathy to someone? 4. • You have my sincere condolences. b. If you find some difficulties. identify ideational meanings and information in a narrative text.Chapter Summary 1. perform a monologue of narrative texts. 7.Complication : a crisis arises. 2. answer the questions: 1. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. Identify the structure of the text. 6. Genre Narrative Social Function : to amuse. Expressions of showing sympathy • I'm sorry to hear that. Expressions of giving attention (affection) • Are you OK? • What's wrong with you? c. Language Functions a. for better or for worse. What is your favourite story? Write and tell it to your friends. respond to narrative texts. write a recount text.Orientation : sets the scene and introduces the participants. . 2. Expressions of happiness • I am delighted. • It's really a great pleasure. What will you say to show affection to someone? 3. Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. 3. entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways. Generic Structure . 4. respond to expressions for showing happiness. Now. and affection. express happiness. What will you say when you are happy? 2. you are expected to be able to: 1.
accepting and declining an invitation Using expressions of making and cancelling an appointment Performing a monologue of a procedure text Speaking: Reading: • • • • Identifying the structure of a procedure text Reading procedure texts Writing short instructions Writing procedure texts Writing: 51 . accepting and declining an invitation Responding to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment Responding to instructions Using expressions of making.Chapter 3 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n Would You Like to Come? In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • Responding to expressions of making.
accepting and declining an invitation. What does Doni say to Susi? 3. Source: CD Images 1. Where or when would you ﬁnd this situation? 2. you will learn how to: • • • respond to expressions of making. 2. How does Susi respond to Doni's invitation? 52 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 4. respond to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment. Then. 6. 3. 8. Activity 1 Look at the picture and study it. 1. respond to oral instructions. 7.Listening In this section. 5. What kind of card is this? Have you ever been invited by someone? What do you say if you want to invite someone? What do you say if you want to accept an invitation? What do you say if you want to decline an invitation? What do you say when someone makes an appointment with you? What do you feel when someone cancels his/her appointment? What will you say to him/her? Activity 2 Listen to the following short dialog and answer the questions. answer the questions.
00 in the morning. please. it won't surprise you. 1. 6. Dialogue 2 Dr. Clever phrasing. but I've got an exam tomorrow. I'd like to.com Arief and Rita are fond of literature. 4. Would you like to come to lunch on Saturday? You will come to my birthday. Arief : I've got a plan for tomorrow. I don't think I can come to your party. Irwan Fauzi was a well-known doctor. novels. Would You Like to Come? 53 . Shall we have dinner this evening at my house? I'll promise I'll be there. Picture your guests smiling when they read your letter of invitation. but I can't come. won't you? Let's meet at ten o'clock tomorrow morning. What are they about? Are they interesting? Arief : If I tell you now. Arief and Rita have a chat.com The tone of an invitation is always positive. 2 ? 3 Rita : . write. Now. 7.express. For further tips visit to invite someone www. Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogue based on what you heard. and watching drama. On the way home. who always sees him for general check up. I have nothing to do. in anticipation of a pleasurable occasion. I'm very sorry. Arief : Do you have a plan for tomorrow's holiday? Rita : Too bad. but you should express the details clearly. Rita : Wow. poetry or a themed approach may be appropriate for an informal occasion. Arief : I've got a new interesting novel and VCD of a drama performance. Thank you very much. Dialogue 1 Englishclub. 2. great. I'd love to. decide. Then ﬁnd any possible responses to each expression. One day. How about tomorrow morning? Thank you for asking me. They enjoy reading stories. I'll decide to come or not. 8. Mr Andre Posuma.Activity 3 You will hear these expressions. his friend calls him. 5. 9. I'll be at your house at 8. He had a friend. 10. 1 ? Rita : Really? Tell me. 3. Then.
: Bye. Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi : Hello. Rudi : . 1. Ahmad : I plan to go to the National Library this afternoon. Ten minutes later. Thus is about our appointment. Fauzi. Bye. : . : See you. : My family is going to have a kambing guling party tonight.m. : 5 . Andrea. What time shall we go? : At 8:00 a. This is Andre. 7 : Well . . Then. 2. Work in pairs. 3. 6 . : What's wrong? : Hmm. I'm free on Tuesday afternoon. : . actually. : Hi Andre. 54 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I will attend a meeting. Mega Siti Mega Siti Ina Rini : Why don't you go shopping with me? : . It's me. It has been two months since my last visit to you. . : Alright. See you. : OK. Activity 5 Complete the following dialogues with the expressions of invitation and appointment. 4 . Kambing guling is my favourite food.Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi : Hello. Mr Andre Posuma is informed by her secretary that there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon. he calls Mr Iwan Fauzi to cancel his appointment. We can meet next time. Can I help you? : I'd like to have a general check up. Fauzi.
take two pieces of bread. 4. put the other piece 7 .Activity 6 Create dialogues based on the following situations. playing tennis playing chess having lunch with the family going to the theatre joining you for having lunch Activity 7 Listen to the following dialogue and ﬁll in the blank spaces. place the slices on one piece of the bread. Fany : That's OK. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fani. Would You Like to Come? 55 .) It's very delicious. Lina is reading a book in the city park. Lina : It's very simple. Lina : 4 how to make this sandwich? 5 Fany : OK. 3 . 8 I'm late. my name is Lina. Do you mind if I sit here? I'm waiting for my friend. Santi : Hi.. Fany. Lina : No. 1. cut cheese into slices. After a long silence. 3. Nice to meet you too. the girl offers something. 6 .. Then. The girl : I'm Fanny. Make appointment and invitation then accept each of them. Lina continues her reading. There is someone approaching her. 5. She interrupts them. Compare your answers to your friends'. . I think . The girl : I brought some sandwiches. 1 . A girl : Excuse me. 2. Spread butter on each piece. By the way. 2 ? (She hands a sandwich to Lina) Lina : Thank you. Finally. (Lina takes the sandwich.
. 2. 5. Then..Activity 8 You will hear some steps of making something.. draw two lines . Follow the teacher's instructions to make a pinwheel.. Finally.. 1 How to Make a Cup of Tea 2 How to Boil an Egg 3 How to Make a Cheese Sandwich Activity 9 Provide the following materials.... fold over each point .. First. Next. cut inwards . you can now blow .. 1996 Instructions: 1. After that.... 3. 4. 56 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . You will need: • a square piece of paper • a pencil with a rubber on the end • a ruler • scissors • sticky tape • a drawing pin 1 2 3 4 Source: Childcraft: Make and Do... Match the following titles with the correct steps. push the drawing pin .
a ruler. What kind of coffee is the speaker talking about? Copy the following table in your workbook. 3. 1999 Would You Like to Come? 57 . a pencil. Making a Whale from a Sheet of Paper You will need a sheet of paper. 4. you will make a whale. 2. Then. 4. and scissors. 1. answer the questions. Source: The World Almanac for Kids 2000. 2. 2. 5. list the stages involved in making the coffee. By seeing the pictures below. 1. After listening. Things You Do 1.Activity 10 You will hear your teacher giving instructions for making coffee. Listen carefully to your teacher's instruction. Things That Happen Activity 11 Listen to your teacher's instructions and do the following tasks. 5. Your teacher will guide you to fold the paper step by step. 3.
58 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 4. Hey. perform a monologue of procedure texts. 1. When and where do you usually hear those expressions? Are all those expressions used for invitations? Which do you think are not expressions of invitation? How are they different? Activity 2 Now look at the sentences below and decide if the person is making an invitation or just being friendly. 3. I'll be free at that time. accepting and declining an invitation. 5. Can you come? Why don't you come over and see us sometime soon? I'll be there on time. use expressions of making and cancelling an appointment. Will you like to come? Let's get together for lunch soon. 3. Activity 1 Read and study the following expressions and answer the questions. How about going to the theatre on Saturday night? Please stop by our house sometime. What about tomorrow tonight. 2. It's my birthday on Friday. 1. we're having a party on Friday. 2. Let's go jogging sometime. you will learn how to: • • • use expressions of making. Would you like to come over for dinner Saturday night? Please come over for a drink sometime. Just wait for me.Speaking In this section. 4.
Then act them out with your friends. a. I'd love to.... decline an invitation b. Robi : Hi. ask for one's agreement (UAN 2003) X Activity 4 59 . Receptionist : Smoking Clinic. Be ready. Read and practise another dialogue. Sandra : OK. Sandra. Say. Rin. Mrs Sugiarto : Alright. Then identify the expressions of making an appointment. invite someone to go d. Ari : Well. Ari : Well. I can't. can I help you? Mrs Sugiarto : Yes. that's great. I'd love to! Ari : That's settled then. accept an invitation c. I need further information about your quitting smoking programme in the Smoking Clinic. It's about Nasreddin. Receptionist : The Clinic will gladly inform you about the programme.Activity 3 Read and study these dialogues. Would you accompany me to the book store? Y : Oh. I have many matters to settle down. how about tomorrow night? Are you still busy? Ira : I guess not.30. Dialogue 2 Robi invites Sandra to go to a movie. When should I come? Would You Like to Come? UN Shot : Hi. Ira! This is Ari. Dialogue 1 Ira : Hello? Ari : Hi. how've you been? Ari : Alright. Would you like to go to the movie with me? Sandra : Of course. The italicised sentence is used to . Mrs Lita Sugiarto wants to get more information about a programme at a Smoking Clinic. There will be a great ﬁlm tonight. would you like to go out tonight? Ira : Sorry. thanks. Ira : Hi. I'd love to. would you like to go to a concert? Ira : Sure. But you have to come to the clinic. She calls the Clinic to make an appointment. ask for permission e. When will you pick me up? Robi : I'll pick you up at 7.
Come and . I'm afraid I've already promised . • • • • • Accepting an Invitation I would/will . You must come to . I don't think I can.. With the greatest pleasure. Bye. Receptionist : Alright.. You will .? Dr... All right (then). You'll meet Dr Ali Wardana Tomorrow at 9 p.... What to Say Study the following expressions of inviting. Unfortunately. but ... I'd like to. but . declining an invitation and an appointment..... What a delightful idea.. Would you care to . Shall we come to . We should be pleased/delighted if you could .Receptionist : How about tomorrow at 9 p. but ... Formal Situation Inviting • • • Would you like to . Declining an Invitation • • • • Sorry... accepting. won't you? • • • • • Accepting an Invitation That's very kind of you.. Mrs Sugiarto : I'II be there....... L-I-T-A... I don't think I can... I'd love to.m. Receptionist : You're welcome.... Thank you very much for inviting me...... OK! I'd like to love to come.. I can't ...m.. • • Informal Situation Inviting • • • • • Why don't you come to . Mrs Lina Sugiarto. Mrs Sugiarto : Thank you.. I wish I could. Declining an Invitation • • • • • I'm very sorry... Ali Wardana will be available for consultation about the programme... We'd very much like to . That would be very nice.. 60 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .. Like to come to . Bye. I'd very much like you to . Thank you for asking me.. I can't.. Receptionist : Can I have your name please? Mrs Sugiarto : Lita Sugiarto.. but ...
5. By the way.. I don't think I can make it. Wendy. How about tomorrow • morning? • Let's meet at . good. Cancelling an Appointment • • Sorry. Activity 6 Make your own dialogue and act out these situations using the expressions you have learned. . Then act it out in front of the class. Invite this people to your party. Thank you very much Wendy. I'm so sorry I can't make it. but invite him/her for going to a theatre on Saturday night. The headmaster. See you. You refuse. 2. Bye. She/he promises that she/he will come. He/She accepts. o'clock. A colleague invites you to have a dinner. Persuade him to come. for a little party at my house this weekend. I'll help you. You are at school. OK. He doesn't want to accept. 3. Oh really? Thank you Wendy. Activity 5 Work in pairs and complete the dialogue using the expressions of making appointment and invitation. You invite a new student to join the party. He declines because he is busy. ? Well.. ? Sure. You make an appointment with your classmates to study together at the library. You're welcome. He accepts it. Then your cousin invites you out at the same night. You accept. The senior teacher. 1. Rendy : Wendy : Rendy : Wendy : Rendy : Wendy Rendy Wendy Rendy Wendy : : : : : Hi.Making an Appointment • • Accepting an Appointment I'll come I promise. 6. See you then. this weekend is my special day. I don't have any plans at this moment. as he doesn't know anybody. You'll have a graduation party this evening. I'll promise I'll be there. Would You Like to Come? 61 . 4. Oh. I'll be there.
4. Decide whether they have plural forms ending in an /s/ sound or a /z/ sound. put (v) water (n) heat (v) noodles (n) pour (v) minute (n) add (v) empty (n) stir glass boiling chilli sauce (v) (n) (adj) (n) v Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. 3. 2. Do you like instant noodles? How often do you eat instant noodles? Do you prepare your instant noodles by yourself? How do you prepare your instant noodles? Here are some words to help you. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • tablespoons shallots leaves chilies cloves seeds bread crumbs fritters pieces vegetables minutes tomatoes onions peppers quarters 62 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Activity 7 Answer the questions orally. 1.
Emily : . Sally : How do you . Pay attention to your expressions in giving instructions. And then what should I do? Would You Like to Come? 63 . Add water and cook it slowly for about forty minutes. Sally : Then. pepper and spices. How to Cook Spiced Chicken • • • • Clean the chicken. Sally : And what do you do after that? Emily : . onions and green peppers into quarters. Yudi : All right.Activity 8 Read the following recipes. Then. Sprinkle it with salt. How to Barbecue Lamb • • • • Cut the meat into small cubes. Cut up the tomatoes. Example: Ismail : I'm going to tell you how to cook rice. a cup of rice. Cover them with barbecue sauce and cook them in the oven for thirty minutes. Put the meat and vegetable pieces on a skewer. Cut the chicken into small pieces. Use the following model. Activity 9 Work in pairs and read the instructions in Activity 8. salt and a pan with a lid. Now make a dialog to tell your friends how to cook the dishes. make a dialogue about how to make tomato soup and to make egg and lemon soup just like the examples. what do you do? Emily : . Sally wants to know how to cook spiced chicken and how to barbecue lamb. Yudi : Good. Activity 10 Study the following dialogue. What do I need? Ismail : You will need two cups of water. Fry with vegetables for ﬁve minutes.
Add a little of salt and pepper. small clove garlic. Add water. salt and pepper. onions. 2. ¼ teaspoon of pepper. well beaten Put stock into a pan and heat until boiling. and garlic into small pieces. put the lid on and cook it for about ﬁfteen minutes. 5. Activity 11 Choose your favourite food. Mix together egg and lemon juice. Here is the example of how you tell them about it. Add rice and cook on low heat for ﬁfteen minutes. onions. Add three tablespoons of stock to the mixture and stir. Let me tell you how to make tomato soup. spices. Well. spices. and garlic into small pieces. fry them in a pan for ﬁve minutes.) 64 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Egg and Lemon Soup • • • 1. Cook gently for three minutes. 1 small onion. You need to provide 4 large tomatoes. you heat the pan without the lid on until the water boils. Next. ﬁrst of all. 8 cups of water. When it has boiled. Then. Use butter instead of vegetable oil. wash the rice in cold water. 6. Heat until the water boils. Turn down the heat and cover with lid. 7. Stir this mixture into the remaining stock in pan. Fry them in a pan with butter for ﬁve minutes. 4. Be careful with the knife. 3. 5. cut tomatoes. Tell the class about it. 4 large tomatoes • spices 1 small onion • ½ teaspoon of salt 8 cups of water • ¼ teaspoon of pepper small clove garlic • ¼ teaspoon of butter Cut tomatoes. Then. 3. ½ teaspoon of salt. Tomato Soup • • • • 1. ¼ teaspoon of butter. 2. put the rice in the pan and add the water and the salt. 3 pints chicken stock • juice of 2 lemon 3 oz rice • salt and pepper 4 eggs. (Continue with your own words. turn down the heat. Cook gently for one hour. 4.Ismail : First.
How many students were involved in the survey? How many students rely on their friends? What percentage of students read the manual when they ﬁnd a problem with their gadgets? What is the most popular way to solve the problem with gadgets? Would You Like to Come? 65 . 2. identify the structure of a procedure text. Ways to show the problems with gadget Read the manual 26 Ask a friend 28 Ask the vendor Write a letter on the problem to an electronics magazine 0 5 17 12 10 15 20 25 30 1. 4. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. you will learn how to: • • • identify meaning and information in a procedure texts. 4. 1. read a monologue in the form of procedure text. Have you ever been instructed to do something? What kind of instruction was it? Have you instructed someone to do something? What kind of instruction was it? Activity 2 Study the bar graph and answer the questions that follow. 3. 3. 2.Reading In this section.
This structure is appropriately applied in a recipe. To change the speed of the fan. 4. 3. namely goal. The structure of procedure texts generally consists of three parts. materials needed and methods or steps. To move the fan up or down.Activity 3 Goal Read the following instructions and answer the questions. the materials needed part sometimes is not applicable. In a how–to–text. 2. What do we do ﬁrst to operate a fan? How can we change the speed of the fan? What do we do to make it move sideways? How do we make it go up and down? Method of Steps 3. Activity 4 Now read another text and identify the structure of the text. Bregedel Tempe (Tempe Fritters) • • • • • • 150 g tempe 2 tablespoons fried shallots 3 kafﬁr lime leaves 1 tablespoon ﬂour 1 egg 1 cup vegetable oil for frying 66 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Pay attention to the structure of the text. 4. 1. How to operate a fan 1. then press the tilt adjustment knob. 2. push the pin on top of the motor. ﬁrst pull up the oscillating pin. press one of the switches at the bottom. (AC 120 Volts 60 HZ) To make the fan move sideways. Plug the power cord into a wall outlet.
2. Grind the spices in a mortar and pestle or place in the bowl of a food processor and blend to a smooth paste. 5. 6. fried shallots and lime leaves. unitecnology. drop the fritters into the oil. Taken from The Jakarta Post. 8. followed by the egg. 12. The information is presented in a logical sequence of events which is broken up into small sequenced steps. Shape the tempe into fritters the size of a golf ball and ﬂatten a little with a fork. 3. Pay attention to your pronunciation. Fry until golden brown on both sides. 7.New Horizon The purpose procedural text is to tell the reader how to do or make something. seeds removed • 3 small chilies • 2 red shallots • 2 cloves garlic • 1/2 teaspoon chopped galangal • 1 candle nut • 1/2 teaspoon coriander seeds • 1/2 teaspoon salt • 1/4 teaspoon shrimp paste 1. 4.english. 13. Stir in the ﬂour. 10. Heat the vegetable oil in a wok over a medium ﬂame. drain on absorbent paper and serve hot with rice. 11. 2004 Activity 5 Pronounce the following words and ﬁnd their meaning. 6. Source: www. May 2. 15. instruction procedure recipe ingredients knead roll out sprinkle press 9. 3. These texts are usually written in the present tense. 4. grease knuckle mix blend oven fold margarine Would You Like to Come? 67 . 2. 5. ﬁve or six at a time. Put the mashed tempe in a bowl and mix with the spice paste. 14.ac Spice paste: • 3 large chilies. When the oil is hot. 1. The most common example of a procedural text is a recipe. Mash the tempe with a fork or place in the bowl of a food processor and blend until it resembles coarse bread crumbs.
craft shops. out-of-print books or antiques in the auction. How to Find Unusual Gifts Giving gifts is a well-known way to show our attention toward somebody else. a. Track down items such as rare prints. Unusual or even weird gifts would leave a sweet memory for us and the recipient. a photo frame c. art galleries and factory stores for ideas. Moreover. Give a welcome service. especially when you were on a trip. Combine one or two things for a spectacular effect. special d. Come to a handicrafts store and talk to the people that make unique pieces. famous Where may we look for unusual gifts? a. In an auction. A massage. Visit art supply stores. Follow links until you ﬁnd what you want. From a bazaar in Bandung to a tag sale in Berlin. a day at the spa. weird c. 2. So. Look for gifts wherever you ﬁnd yourself. b. costume makeovers. d. giving gifts may be important for certain special moments. a unique furniture d. c. Use the Internet. In the craft shop.Activity 6 Read the following text and choose the correct answer to the questions that follow.howabout. In the internet.com 1. a rare print b. The word well-known in the ﬁrst line means …. or romantic dinner will be a nice welcome gift. Adapted www. great b. Before give an unusual gifts. 3. it is suggested that we give … ﬁrst a. try these tips to find something unusual as your gifts. a welcome service 68 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The picture frame that you bought in Bali might provide the perfect background for showing off the portrait of the recipient. Anywhere.
• Texts that deal with human behaviour eg how to live happily. The word "do" could be persuasive. unique d. e.english. "Stand up. You press the stop button. road safety rules. 3. the tape recorder. important Giving gifts may be important to …. the fax.com There are different procedural texts for different purposes: • Texts that explain how something works or how to use instruction / operation manuals e. rare b. complete our collections c.g. Do be quiet. (request) • Imperative sentences can be used in negative form. The word in the text that means not too many is …. For further Information visit www. You plug the power cord into a wall outlet. a. a. science experiments. recipes. celebrate special moments Englishclub. the photocopier. how to use the video. e." 2. make us unusual b. e. We use "don't" or "do not" before verbs to state a prohibition. "Don't hurry.4.g." said David. but could also express irritation. • In imperative sentences we can use the word "do" before verbs." said the teacher. get the recipient attention d. a. sweet c. It functions as prohibition. how to succeed. "Make sure the car is in neutral. Do come on time. "Don't be noisy. • Texts that instruct how to do a particular activity e. Dian told Andi. b. (command) "Help me. b.g. unitecnology. the computer. rules for games. b. Would You Like to Come? 69 . 5." the teacher told the pupils.ac Grammar Review Imperatives Study the following sentences." asked the mother. a." said mother. a.g." said father. "Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. "Press the stop button. • Imperatives or imperative sentences are used to give command or to make a request.g. You make sure the car is in neutral. 1.
What will Mr Andre's wife say to him? 2. He always late although his wife often warns him. 70 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 7. 10. Report it to the class. 6. 4. The volume of the television is too loud. 3. Then identify the imperative sentences on it. 3. 5. What will your uncle say? Your teacher will not come into the classroom because it is very dirty. 9. 5.Activity 7 Make imperative sentences based on the situations given. Activity 8 Make imperative sentences using the following verbs related to cooking. 1. 4.m. You are still sleeping when your mother comes into your bedroom. 2. Your uncle is writing a novel. 1. What will he/she say? There is no sugar in the kitchen. What will your father say? Mr Andre never comes on time. 8. magazine or in the internet. What will your father say? It is 6 a. cut sprinkle add chop slice pour put heat stir bake Activity 9 Find a recipe or manual instruction from a newspaper. He cannot concentrate his mind well.
write procedure texts. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. you will learn how to: • • • write a simple instruction. 4. 3. Have you ever written a recipe taken from a magazine or newspaper? What should you write on a recipe? What kind of information do we usually get from recipes? Are recipes important in our life? Why? Activity 2 Classify these words into their categories in the following table. • • • • • • • • next butter roast ﬁrst pour ﬁnally milk then • • • • • • • • chocolate remove sprinkle garnish knead boil braise sugar • • • • • • cheese ﬂour mix add egg after that Material butter Method remove Sentence Connectors ﬁrst Would You Like to Come? 71 . arrange an instruction into a good order of procedure text. 1.Writing In this section. 2.
garlic. if you like. • Serve the fried rice with hot sauce. • To make fried rice. you can break in two or three eggs. 72 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . • Then. cut up the meat into very small pieces and fry it in a pan.Activity 3 Rearrange this jumbled text. • First. pepper and other spices. meat and eggs. • Finally. The pictures will help you to arrange it. tomatoes and cucumber. cut up the onions and garlic and fry them. 1 2 3 4 5 6 How to Prepare Fried Rice • When the rice is cooked. • At the same time. add it to the meat and the vegetables. cut up a cucumber into thin slices and place the slices on top of the rice. • The best vegetables to use are onions. cook the rice in another pan. vegetables. Do it in pairs. • Now. you will need some rice. • Stir the mixture and add salt.
Next. Work individually. you should to put the lobster on it's back and remove the two large claws and tail section. use your ﬁngers to push the lobster meat out of the tail in one piece. You must also twist off the ﬂippers at end of tail section. After these twisted off. After that you connected the Finally pressed down the record and play button microphone. b. How to record on the cassette player /How to use a recorder Then you put in the tape on it. Rewrite it using your own words. It is not difﬁcult remove the shell from a lobster if you follow these step. break open the claws with a nutcracker and remove the meat. How to use a washing machine How to operate a computer How to use ATM machine How to open an account at a bank How to use a VCD/DVD player Would You Like to Come? 73 . Then you can begin to record it. From the tail meat. First. Activity 5 Work in groups and arrange the following text into appropriate order. ﬁrst you have to plug in the cord. Well. • • • • • • Activity 6 Now write one of the instructions based on the following procedures. Finally. e. After that. Rewrite the corrected paragraph. c.Activity 4 Study the following paragraph. Find the errors and correct them. d. before you sit down to enjoy your meal. It contains nine mistakes. a. remove the black vein. And then tested the voice level recorder.
• Join me.Steps (a series of steps oriented to achieving the goal) 2. write an instruction or procedural text. 3. What should be included in a procedural text? 4. respond to oral instructions. make and cancel an appointment. 8. Generic structure . 2.Goal. 6. Now.. respond to expressions for an appointment. • Will you come with .. Genre Procedure Social function : to describe how something is accomplished through a sequence of actions or steps. How do you make an appointment and cancel it? 3. respond to invitation. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. Declining an appointment • Sorry.. Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. invite someone. • I'll be there.. Write a recipe of your favourite food. Language Functions Expressions of invitation • Lets . identify the structure of procedural texts. 74 Developing English Competencies for Grade X ... What will you say to accept someone's invitation? 2. • I'm sorry I can't make it.Materials (not required for all procedural texts) .Chapter Summary 1. answer the questions: 1. perform a monologue of procedural texts. . Accepting an appointment • I'll come I promise. 7. Write the method or steps clearly. If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties. you are expected to be able to: 1. 4. I don't think I can make it.
You are going to hear several short dialogues. Beijing. How do you do. The manager could call the police. How many steps are needed to make tin-can stilts? a. I won't say no. The farmer's youngest son. b. d. b. Restaurant manager's ofﬁce. 7. Hotel manager's ofﬁce. 5. Four steps. How much money that the character "I" lost? a. Three tins. £5. Here it is. c. The girl. Listening Listen carefully to answer the questions. Where does the story take place? a. 3. Then. 75 . I'm ﬁne. 4. How many cans are needed to make tin-can stilts? a. Where was the landowner from? a. The landowner. How nice to see you. d. a. It is here. Countryside. b. I'd love to. Inside the gentleman's room. c. 13. c. Outside the gentleman's room. The manager could help the man who lost his money. The hotel owner. a. b. Nice to meet you. d. Who said that there was still some honesty in the world? a. d. The farmer's oldest son. d. Five steps. Inside the manager's room. b. Good morning. Two steps. The man losing his money. 10. gratitude c. Here is it. 12. b. Seoul. c. c. c. b. d. Questions 11–12 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. £50. d. b. d. c. b. 9. a. Tokyo. 14. The landowner's youngest son. Inside the waitress' room. Good afternoon. Questions 13-17 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. Bank manager's ofﬁce. Sorry I can't. £15. c. b. Where did the girl ﬁnd the money? a. a. b. giving help Questions 6-10 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. c. offering b. 6. choose the best answer. Four tins. 11. The manager could do nothing. A. a.Review 1 The manager could give back the money d. Good night. Hotel lobby. d. c. b. £150. Here they are. 2. invitation d. 8. b. c. d. What could the manager do? a. c. Five tins. Who was shouting? a. thank you. Good evening. c. The manager. d. Thanks anyway. 1. Two tins. d. Three steps.
b. Politely. Angrily. 17. Meanwhile. He wanted the table to be cleaned." a. and we may well feel a few extra heart–beats and a little breath lessness at that moment. B. until it gives no more froth and has turned light golden. Then. not too hot. in the middle. season them with salt and freshly ground pepper. and we drop in an ounce and a half of butter. d. The ﬂame is now turned down a little. our fryingpan is getting hot. break them into a bowl. He was not hungry. letting the liquid ﬂow into the empty spaces. and add a good teaspoonful of water. b. d. Because he didn't want to eat the boiled chicken. keeping as calm as we possibly can. Reading Choose the best answer to the following questions. b. Rudely. We give our egg-mixture another stir and pour it into the fan. or butter and best lard. For three portions. Making an Omelette This is the way an omelette should be made. as this is the only way to prevent sticking. d. until large bubbles form on the top. How did the landowner tell the farmer that he had enough food? a. we take six eggs. Harshly. Because he didn't want the landowner to stop eating the boiled chicken. Because he thought he had been served a long-dead chicken. And here I feel I must stress a point essential to what might be called the background of omelette-making. to the size of the omelette. This takes half a minute. 16. Because he wanted to eat live chicken. with salt and tissue–paper. His stomach couldn't take any more food. it is fatal to beat too long. With a fork or palette-knife (a fork seems to work particularly well) we loosen the edges of the omelette all round and. in other words. We beat this lightly with a fork or the wire–broom. c. Because he wanted to eat the boiled chicken. This takes about two minutes. c. This is easy if we fold over and pin down with two or three fork-pricks about an inch and-a-half 76 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . c. All this is a swift business. letting it spread evenly over the frying–pan. not of aluminium. Why did the landowner ask the servant to clear the table? a. over a quick ﬂame for a minute or two. tin or enamel. taking care always to move towards the middle. when hot. once or twice. It is important that the fryingpan should be proportionate to the number of eggs. not the whisk.15. Questions 18–24 are based on this text. we fold it. namely that the frying-pan must never be washed with water but rubbed. The fryingpan must be made of iron. Why did the boy shout "There it is! He's eating the dead chicken.
c. Ferry : I am Ferry. c. Our omelette should be golden brown outside and wet inside: baveuse. I'll introduce b. here they are c. It should be the same size as the omelette. Review 1 77 . here are they Eka : to my friend. 25. It should never be too small to hold the eggs. Yes. b. It's very interesting. d. as the classical French term says. 22. An omelette made in France. The states of an omelette. Rubbing with salt and paper. b. c. Lia : Do you have a new magazine? Ani : Yes.recipetips. One made of aluminium. b. we feel tired b. c. d. Dedy : How do you do? Reni : How do you do? a. we feel impatient c. c. c. One made of tin 20. The shape of an omelette. Let me introduce myself. How are you? c. 23. a. a. b. Taken from www. Rubbing with hot water. 19. 24. 27. Washing with salt and paper. A soon as the flame is light golden. here it is b. a. it is quite easy to roll it into shape. b. How do you do? d. It should never be a small one. Good morning.com 18. b. It should never be a very ﬂat one. This last touch makes all the difference. d. Dedy. It doesn't matter. When should we pour in the egg mixture? a. Let me introduce you Heldy : How do you do? My name is Heldy. Then. No. d. You are introduced c. The size of an omelette. When the ﬂame gives no more froth. Won't you introduce d. we feel relaxed d. 21. Which of the following frying–pan is among those mentioned by the writer? a. One made of iron.of the omelette along one side. b. When the frying-pan is getting hot. What is the only way to prevent sticking? a. It is then slid on to a hot plate and its surface made shiny with a little butter. What is important about the frying– pan? a. we're in a rush What does the word baveuse mean? a. One made of aluminium and enamel. Rubbing with hot salt and tissue–paper. We may well feel a few extra heart– beats because . here is it d. It is better than beating it for too short a time. . When the butter is a different shade. Is it a good thing to beat the omelette too long? a. d. d. 26.
You did come on time. Jane : Where did you go last night? Frank : . b. I went to the cinema c. (read) the 42. himself c. that would be very nice. Writing Do the following tasks based on the instruction. 43. That's very kind of you. I go to the cinema b. A 78 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I'd be unhappy to accept it. b. : Do you think our teacher will come? B : Yes. him b. 41. it didn't work out. Look out of 36 window of 37 house you are in now you see such 38 beautiful view. a. 39. c. Complete the following sentences using the correct form of verb. Thanks a lot. Who are ? a. a. Do you come on time? d. Evi : Alright. Teacher : Thanks for your help. maybe. an. b. their d. 35. I . Randy : What's wrong with you? You look unhappy today. Yesterday. Randy : Oh. them c. The teacher asks a student to come to school on time.28. c. I'll fetch you at 8 p. Evi : Will you come with me to the concert? Adi : . but I'm very busy. Why? a. Do come on time. (shave) this morning 44. gratitude. a. 29.m. I have gone to the cinema d. gave c. b. She (buy) many books from Indonesian Book Fair two months ago. You are entirely welcome. 30. Sure. I her a bunch of roses this morning. 45. d. d. I did not because I was in a hurry. how awful! I'm so sorry. she books all day along. Did come on time. Don't worry about it. happiness. Student : . Too bad it didn't work. c. Sorry. but some other time. Complete the following sentences using a. Hanny. themselves b. I was going to the cinema 31. given b. they 34. giving 32. sympathy. c. (put) the books in their previous place. or the. a. give d. C. 40. Thanks. Use substitution form to ﬁll in the blank spaces. compliment. Sania : I l o s t m y p u r s e t h i s morning. Yes. Dudi does his homework by a. I think . hisself d. The underlined sentence expresses a. he 33. They (kill) the villagers and (run away) to the jungle. d. A : Will you come along with me? B : Yes.
Chapter 4 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n Congratulations! You Did It Very Well In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • • • Responding to expressions of congratulating and complimenting Responding to narrative texts Congratulating and complimenting Performing a monologue of a narrative text Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text Reading narrative texts Developing a paragraph of a narrative text based on the pictures Writing narrative texts Speaking: Reading: Writing: 79 .
6. 1. 2. • Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Repeat after him/her. 7. Well done! How extremely nice of you to say so. you will learn how to: • respond to expressions for congratulating and complimenting. 5. 3. 2. great charming fantastic congratulate terriﬁc farewell achievements extremely Words Expressions You look great! What a charming dress! That's a very fantastic! I must congratulate you! Nice to meet you See you later Terriﬁc. respond to narrative texts. 5. 1. 7. 80 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 8. No. 3. 8. Have your ever got any achievements in your life? What was the best achievement you got? How did you feel when you got an achievement? How did people respond to your achievement? Did they congratulate you? What do you say when you want to congratulate someone? How do you respond to someone congratulations? What do you say when you want to compliment someone? How do you respond to someone compliment? Activity 2 Listen carefully to your teacher pronouncing the following words and expressions. 6. 4. 4.Listening In this section.
b. I can't believe it! That's terriﬁc. Dialogue 1 Andi had passed on his ﬁnal semester test.Activity 3 Listen to the tape and choose the correct response to the expressions you hear. 3. he meets Desi. Congratulations on your success. a. It's my pleasure! The correct response is (b) Thank you very much. The best response is . b. Desi. I've got it. Desi : Hi. Desi : Thanks. a. She congratulates and compliments Andi. Andi. Andi : 3 . thanks. b. b. Never mind. 4 right now. 1 ? Andi : I am ﬁne. That's awful! Thanks anyway. Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogue based on what you hear. It is nice to hear you. how was your test? Have you got the result? Andi : Yes. that's fantastic! Thank you very much for your compliment. Andi. Congratulations. b. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 81 . Thank you very much a. his friend. a. I got the highest score for the test. 5. ! How's the score? Andi : Thanks God. 2 today! I love your new hair style. 2. too. 5 Desi : That's great. Congratulations! That's amazing. You know what? I have passed for the ﬁnal test. By the way. Congratulations! You look great! Wow. 4.. 1. You look great. b. a. For example: You will hear : a. On the way home. Andi.. Desi : It's very nice to meet you here..
. Joko : It's a 4 . You look beautiful on it. 2. I dont' think so c. It's so difﬁcult to do (UAN 2005) Desi Andi Desi : Wow. It goes with my shoes. You will hear "Well done. Mention where they are from. I guess it's just my luck. You are so kind. Riska : 3 ! We're happy for you. discuss the following questions with your friends'. 2 . that's amazing. It's my pleasure." The possible response is "Thanks for your compliment. a. What is your favourite folklore? Tell the class about your favourite folklore. Riska and Joko come to his house to congratulate him Riska : 1 what the newspaper's headline said? Andi : What news? Joko : The news about you winning the national novel writing competition. I know you are very smart. Congratulations" The possible response is "Thank you very much. 1. Andi : Oh. . Desi." 2. 82 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . no.UN Shot Ina : What do you think of your new red dress? Eta : I am very satisﬁed with it. You will hear "You're terriﬁc/fantastic." Activity 5 Activity 6 Activity 7 Your teacher will tell you some titles of folklore. Ina : I think so.. 6 ! 7 : your compliment. For example: 1. Andi. listen to the tape carefully and respond to each expression you hear. Eta : Thank you. Dialogue 2 Andi has won the national novel writing competition. Is it really you? Andi : Yeah. Then. I don't like it e. Your teacher will tell you her/his favourite folklore. Sorry to hear that d. : Never mind Andi. Andi. The next day.. Andi : Thanks a lot guys. Now. b.
When she wanted to start the upper part she 8 that she couldn't reach it. My house looks ugly and the paint is faded. "my friend was right. After lunch she 6 to paint. 4 Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales. "Get out of my house! and don't ever come back here!" After her friend left. 3. listen to the tape once again and complete the story. 1. "I will use my magic broom!" She shouted. 7. 6. and the walls are bigger. In the afternoon she 7 the lower part of her house. and she worked very carefully. That she got an idea. and in ten minutes all job was done.Activity 8 Now. she said "Your house is ugly. 4. turn into 9 and paint my walls!" Suddenly the broom turned into a paint brush and 10 to paint the upper walls. Then she 5 the shop and bought a can of paint. I have to repaint it. 8. "Broom. the Witch her house and she said to herself. 2. 5. When she looked around the room. 1997 Activity 9 Answer the following questions based on the story you have completed. one of the Witch's friends 1 to visit. It worked very fast. One morning. The Witch was very happy. My house is 2 than yours." The Witch was very angry when she heard this and 3 . Who visited the witch? How was the witch's home? Which house was more beautiful? Did the witch realise that her house was ugly? Why did the witch go to the shop? Why did the witch not paint the upper part herself? Who helped the witch paint the upper part of her house? How long did the broom ﬁnish painting? Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 83 .
historical narratives. unitechnology. 2. With help from a wooden horse. Really sad b. factual or a combination of both.Activity 10 Listen to the tape and choose the correct answer to the following questions based on the story you heard. e. A Greek Soldier. Source: www. Inform the reader about the Battle of Troy. None of the above. No Information.ac 3. To Argue that the Greek had won the war. 1. To show how cunning the Greeks were. science ﬁction. horror stories. A Greek King. ballads. How did the Greeks win the battle? a. They can be imaginary. c. Cautious How were the Romans beaten? a. Drunk c. What was the purpose of the text? a. Odysseus used the help of Gods d. b. They tricked the Romans … in the form of a "Horse Statue" were overjoyed The underlined word means… a. e. c. 5. To describe Troy Who was Odysseus? a. Really happy d. They destroyed the city gate e. Thanks to Odysseus's Idea. mysteries. myths and legends. e.english. d. personal experience. d. 84 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . b. They made the Romans drink b. A horse. d. They may include fairy stories. New Horizon There are many types of narrative. Defenseless e. All of the above. 4. b. With the help of alcohol. slice of life. They scared the Romans c. c. Persuade the reader to read Greek History. A Roman Soldier. romances. adventure stories. fables.
Your brother have got an award. b. Match the following expressions into the appropriate situation. 3. Activity 2 Expressions 1. What a nice dress! You look great! You're looking glamorous. You say nice thing about your friends' dress. g. 6. Your friend has just passed an important exam. Situations a. Your colleague is very fashionable and well dress. f. On what occasions do people usually congratulate or compliment each other? 5. c. You give response to your friend compliment/ congratulation. 5. What do you see in the picture? 2. perform a monologue of narrative texts. 4. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 85 .Speaking In this section. 2. You compliment someone on their appearance. Source: Publisher's Documentation 1. What are they doing? 3. Congratulations! Well. Done! Thank you very much for your compliment. you will learn how to: • • congratulate and compliment others. Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer the questions. How do you congratulate anyone and give compliment in your culture? 4. Mention some expressions of congratulating and giving complement. d.
What did you do to it? Not much. Ussy. What is the occasion? I just graduated at last grade on my English course. Great job! Thanks. It looks a lot different. Yani Ussy Yani Ussy Yani Ussy Yani : : : : : : : What a great Motorcycle you have. Pay attention to the italicised expressions. Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : 2. Good idea. I had it paint with a brighter colour and add some new accessories. What a charming dress! That's a very nice coat! You look nice. Let's go celebrate it. No. it's a must. it's not necessary. thanks. Thank you. I must congratulate you on being the smartest student. I really must express my admiration for your party. it is. Oh. 86 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . would you like to try this cookies? Sure. Harsya. You are looking good. you are quite charming.Activity 3 Read and practise the following dialogues with your friends. You mean this is the old motorcycle that you used to drive to school? Yes. I like your hair style! You're terriﬁc/fantastic. I just finished modifying it. Pandu. My compliments on your beautiful. 1. What to Say Complimenting someone More Formal • • • • • • • • • • Less Formal May I say how elegant you look. I f I may so.
Discuss with your partner.Congratulating someone More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • • • Please accept my warmest congratulations. 5 : : I just won ﬁrst prize from a quiz. Nina Abraham Rudi Rita Fuad Ratna Agus Ida Ahmad Narya : : : : : : : I've just got married. Well done! Fantastic/terriﬁc! Activity 4 Complete the dialogue with the expressions above. 4. Your best friend has passed his exam and he gets a good mark. : Activity 5 Create a dialogue based on the following situations using the expressions given in 'What to Say'. Your brother has done excellent job. 2. I've found a new job. May I congratulate you on …. My father Just bought me a new MP3 player. 3. I won the race. 1. Congratulations! Congratulations on your …. Your teacher is honoured with the "Teacher of the month" title. 2. It was great to hear …. I must congratulate you. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 87 . 1. 3. I'd like to be the ﬁrst to congratulate you on …. Your relative is going abroad for studying. 4. Congratulations on your ….
1. Don. Activity 8 With your partner. poetry reading Activity 7 Work in a group of two. story telling 4. playing tennis 3. Use the expressions of congratulating. Boby : Hi. 2. Your friend gets the highest grades at school. 4. playing chess 5. Your friend gets selected as the best youth novelist. playing the piano 2. Bobby : Congratulations! Dony : Thank you. 1. 2. Dony : Thank you. Mom. Don. 88 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Act out a dialogue based on one of these situations. I heard that you got the best grades in this year exams. Dad. Dony's mother : I'm glad to hear that. Your friend is elected as one of the ﬁnalists in Puteri Indonesia competition. I'm very proud of you. Your friend is good at: 1. Don't forget to use the expressions you have learnt. 3. create a short dialogue based on the situations given. Your partner becomes the best student in the class. For example: Donny has passed his exams with ﬂying colour and get the best ranking at his school. Your partner got a scholarship. Use the expressions of complimenting. Act out a dialogue based on one of the following situations. didn't you? Dony : That's right. Dony's father : Well done.Activity 6 Work in a group of three. Choose one of them and act it out in front of the class. Your friend held a fantastic birthday party.
some taking the side of the tiger and others the side of the lion. 2004 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 89 . "What king?" he inquired. "The king of beasts. "It will be a yellow moon with black stripes. sleepily. "Come out. long live the king!" Inside the den. "The creatures are crying for a change. is king of beasts. "We need a change." she said. All the animals of the jungle joined in. a male. The Tiger Who Would Be King One morning the tiger woke up in the jungle and told his mate that he was king of beasts." "Oh sure." and greet the king of beasts! The king is dead. the lioness woke her mate. the lion. and his days were numbered and his time was ticking away. and some did not knot know which they were ﬁghting for." he roared. play the characters on this story and answer the questions that follow. "The new order." said the tiger. one of whom. "The old order. but it didn't seem to mean anything. "What are we ﬁghting for?" someone asked the aardvark. "What are we dying for?" someone asked the zebra." said the aardvark. "Leo." she said. All the beasts were dead except the tiger. and some fought for both. it shone upon a jungle in which nothing stirred except a macaw and a cockatoo. When the moon rose. very like his father. "I am the king of beasts." said the zebra." roared Leo and he charged out of the den to defend his crown against the pretender. The tiger prowled through the jungle till he came to the lion's den. Taken from Readings to Remember." said the tigress as she went to look after her young." said the tiger. had got an imaginary thorn in his paw. except that of her cubs. "The king is here to see you. "I'll be king of beasts by the time the moon rises. It was a terrible ﬁght and it lasted until the setting of the sun." she said. fevered and gibbous. screaming in horror. He was monarch of all he surveyed. Every creature from the aardvark to the zebra took part in the struggle to overthrow the lion or to repulse the tiger. in my honour." The tigress listened but she could hear no crying. and some fought whoever was nearest and some fought for the sake of ﬁghting.Activity 9 Work in group.
I'm glad you still want to study in this school. "Our teachers asked me where you were. "What's up? What can I do for you?" asked the headmaster. Were there any beasts survive the ﬁght? 10. not to me. Now I have to stay at home because my father has stopped working at factory. Then act it out in front of the class. Budi. "Why don't you go to school again?" asked Budi. She has to stop studying because she cannot pay school fee. "Excuse me. doesn't go to school anymore. her classmate. ." continued Budi. came to see her at home. . 2005 90 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .1. The headmaster is surprised to see the two students in his ofﬁce. Sir. What is the moral of the story? Activity 10 Work in group of three." said Evi happily. At school they meet the headmaster in his ofﬁce. the tiger or the lion? 9. Did the tiger and the lion ﬁght for the crown? 6. May I study here without payment? My father cannot pay my school fee. Are you with me?" asked Budi. The Cleverest Student Evi. Because now he just stays at home after he has been laid off by the company. who is the cleverest student in the class. Change the following text into dialogue. Where did the story take place? 3. "I am sorry to hear that." "Thank you very much." told Evi." said Budi. Did all the animals of the jungle join in the ﬁght? 7. What did the tiger come to the lion's den for? 5. How many characters are there in the story? Mention them. If so. "You are a very smart student. "Okay. 2. All payments are my responsibility" said the headmaster. "No . Tomorrow you and I meet our headmaster to tell about this. "Oh. That's kind of you." told Evi. it is not a good solution. Taken from English for SMA 2. Were they on tiger's side or lion's? 8. Why did the tiger tell his mate that he was king of beasts? 4. "I am sorry. Who won the ﬁght. What do you think if I stop studying. you may not stop studying here. I think it is not a serious problem." asked Evi.
Reading In this section. 2. 3. Activity 2 Before reading the story. 4. What is the picture about? Can you predict what the story is about? Do you have a favourite folklore? What is the title of the folklore? Tell the class about it. 4. identify the structure of narrative texts. you will learn how to: • • • identify factual meaning in the texts. 5. 3. 2. reading and understanding narrative texts. Activity 1 Study the following picture and answer the questions orally. 7. 5. read and study the following words and ﬁnd their meanings. 6. 1. 8. 1. horrible monster castle armour swords knight fought useless Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 91 .
Who was half-man and half-monster? 2. Beowulf went back to his country and became a king. the king was very happy and he gave Beowulf presents and money. Beowulf and his men took off their armour and put away their swords and went to sleep. He killed Grendel's mother with a special sword. He lived in Denmark. The dragon was very big and breathed ﬁre. Grendel's mother was very angry and the next night she went to the castle and killed a knight.Activity 3 Read the following story aloud. One day. King Beowulf was an old man but he put on his armour again and went to the dragon's cave with his men. How long did Beowulf become king? 9. The Legend of Beowulf Once upon a time. What did Beowulf do to Grendel when he fought him? 5. When he came back. and it attacked people. That night. What did Beowulf do about it? 92 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What attacked the people in Beowulf's country? 10. 1. The king and his men tried to kill the monster but their swords were useless. 2003 Activity 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 3. He was king for ﬁfty years. What happened to Grendel after he fought Beowulf? 6. a dragon came to his country. In the morning. there was a horrible monster called Grendel. … Taken from Opportunities Elementary. He was half-man and half-monster. Beowulf went to the lake. But one day. It lived in a cave with treasure. Beowulf woke up and fought the monster-he pulled off an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake and died. Were the king and his men succeed in killing Grendel? Why? 3. The knights were afraid and they did not want to ﬁght the dragon. he went to the King's castle. The monster came into the castle and killed a knight. Why did Beowulf come to Denmark? 4. What did Grendel's mother do when she ﬁnd out about her son's death? 7. What did Beowulf use to kill Grendel's mother? 8. A knight called Beowulf heard about the problem and went to Denmark to help the king.
" he concluded arrogantly. who was neither crazy nor nearsighted. and began to tell about himself. Beowulf killed Grendel but he died." And with this he trotted away into the woods. having carefully removed the cheese from his beak with the claws of one foot. Activity 5 Read another story and identify its text structure in the table that follow. but crow bars last forever. I wear black and I am unique. Beowulf killed Grendel and took the treasure. as the most famed and talented of all birds. But this is not what happened to this particular crow in this particular case. "And thank you for the lion's share of what I know you could not spare. Provide reasons why you choose the option as the ending of the story. but never least." said the fox. Taken from www. Grendel killed Beowulf and escaped. leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree. c. and somewhere. "Oh. and somewhere else. now that I look more closely. but I am hungry and must go." said the fox." The fox had read somewhere. and they are a dollar a hundred.com Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 93 . Last. "Bars may come and bars may go. "They say you are sly and they say you are crazy. "but you must be nearsighted as well. his appetite appeased. attracted the eye and nose of a fox." said the crow. "and share my lunch with me. "I recognize you. Any two points. and scholar. "If you can sing as prettily as you sit. "I am sure you are. Decide how the story ends based on the following options: a. b." Whereupon he tossed the cunning fox the lion's share of the cheese. but sly. 12. "then you are the prettiest singer within my scent and sight. I am the map maker. I am sure." "Tarry awhile." he said. every two points. as the shortest distance between two points. and I fain would hear you tell about yourself. my ﬂight is known to scientists and engineers. that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing." said the fox. "A ship that sails without a crow's nest sails to doom. The Fox and the Crow A crow.aesopfables. perched in a tree with a piece of cheese in his beak." said the crow quickly. Warblers wear gay hats and colored jackets and bright vest. geometricians.11. I am the pioneer of ﬂight.
The fox is really arrogant. 3. He is the map maker. Ask your parents or grand parents. 5. The crow's appetite appeased. retell it in front at the class. The story probably took place in the jungle. 1. 4.Setting Characters Events Outcome Activity 6 Read and study the story in Activity 5 once again. 8. The fox had read somewhere that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing. You can do mini research in the library. Your Project Find a folklore that you know. 6. 1. How many characters are there in the story? Where did the story probably take place? Why did the fox praise the voice of the crow? Had the crow known the fox's plan of praising him? Did the fox give up trying to persuade the crow to share his lunch? What did the fox do in order that the crow shared his lunch? Did the fox succeed in getting what he wanted? What is the moral of the story? 94 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 7. There are two main characters in the story. Then decide whether these statements are true or false. as the most famed and talented of all birds Whereupon the crow tossed the cunning fox the crow's share of the cheese. 7. The fox said that the crows are sly and crazy. 2. The fox recognise that the crow look more closely. leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree. 5. 8. 4. 2. Then. 6. 3. Activity 7 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 5.
Activity 8 Read and study the announcement. We would like to thank each and every one of our entrants for making our contest such an ongoing success! We will be ofﬁcially launching our latest edition of Ten Stories High in the Mills Room at the Public Library on Saturday. Then complete the from that follow based on the announcement.m. September 29 from 2 to 5 p.canauthorsniagara. Our top ten winners are: First Prize Colette Maitland "Until Death Do We Part" Second Prize Ruth Taylor "At the Corner of Petapa and Thirty-ﬁrst" Third Prize Alison McCabe "Until Recently" " Once again. We will also be offering copies of our anthology for sale at that time.org Topic: Event: Organizer: Winners: Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 95 . This gala event will feature readings by this year's winning contestants as well as refreshments. we wish to thank all the entrants who participated in our contest this year and congratulations to our winners! Taken from www. Announcement The Niagara Branch of the Canadian Authors Association is pleased to announce the ﬁnalists of our Ten Stories High Eighth Annual Short Story Competition. The Niagara Branch of the Canadian Authors Association wishes to congratulate the winners of our Ten Stories High Eighth Annual Short Story Competition.
3. In passive voice. sleep. 4. etc. are belived (UAN 2004) Activity 9 Change the following sentences into passive voice. 4. 1. Fewer foods should be chosen from the meat and dairy groups in the middle. 3. Passive voice is used when it is not important to know exactly who performs an action. The ﬁreﬁghters helps a family from being trapped in a ruin. to be descendant from dinosaurs. Vitamins must be supplied in a person's daily diet. The play was written by Shakespeare. they belive b. 1. She writes the beautiful story of prince and princesses. Some of the verbs cannot be changed into passive form such as happen. 2.Grammar Review Passive Voice Study the following sentences. 2. the object of an active verb becomes the subject of the passive verb. belived d. 96 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . oils.. 5. come. The cameraman takes the President's several times. The form of passive is: be + past participle. a. My brother buys me this new computer game. to belived e. UN Shot Komodo . 5. The sentences above use passive voice. A ﬁre melts the wax statue at the House of Wax.. to belive c. we do not have to put them in the object of passive sentence. The pipe was replaced by the plumber. If the subject of an active sentence is someone or the people. Even fewer foods should be chosen from the fats. and sweets at the top of the pyramid.
as they were walking. You'll get used to it soon enough. As he lay beneath a large tree. I won't be free anymore. "Wait! Come back! I may not be able to do everything I want to do. then I won't be able to walk when I want to take a walk or to run where I want to run. so that the outline of his bones could be seen clearly beneath his thinning coat of hair. the wolf had little hope of ﬁnding food. will I be chained up at night too?" That's right. "You are in terrible shape! You look as if you haven't eaten for many days." Taken from www. don't worry about that. but I'm healthy. "Oh. for the dog had such a beautiful coat every where else. "I haven't eaten because you and your friends are doing such a good job of guarding the sheep.com Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 97 . I'm more free than you are. With hardly enough energy to walk. "But. He was very thin. Finally. he asked the dog about it. Seeing how thin and hungry-looking the wolf was. well-fed. "It's the place where the collar rubs on my neck when my master chains me up at night." answered the dog." the wolf said. You could do the same." "You're right." After saying this. It's a good deal for both of us. But. "Do you mean that you are chained up at night? If I come to live with you. I hardly think about it anymore. "The dog called after the wolf. I will arrange it. You are too worried about keeping alive to enjoy life. The Wolf and the Dog Once there was a wolf who was nearly dead with hunger." "Chained up!" cried the wolf." said the wolf." The wolf thought it over for a few minutes and then decided that the dog was right." Then why not join us? Asked the dog. if I am chained up. Now I am so weak that I have little hope of ﬁnding food." said the dog. and I have a warm place to sleep. the wolf noticed that the hair on a certain part of the dog's neck was very thin." "But. a dog out for a walk noticed him. "I work regularly and I eat regularly. "If I come to live with you. You can help me and the other dogs guard the sheep. In that way. the dog felt sorry for him and said. He was curious about this. we won't have to worry about your stealing the sheep any more and you won't have to worry about going hungry any more.Activity 10 Read another story and identify its moral values. I think I will surely die. Then choose ten sentences to change them into passive sentences. So they went off together toward the ranch house where the dog lived. the wolf turned and ran away.aesopfables. saying.
Writing In this section. then the crocodile swam down the river now the crocodile was very hungry so when it was in the middle of the river it stopped and said to the monkey monkey my father is very sick he must eat the heart of a monkey the he will be strong again the monkey thought for a while then he told the crocodile to swim back to the river bank what for asked the crocodile because i didn't bring my heart with me said the monkey i left it under the tree near some coconuts so the crocodile turned around and swam back to the bank of the river as soon as they reached the river bank the monkey jumped off the crocodiles back and climbed up to the top of a tree where is your heart asked the crocodile you are foolish the monkey said to the crocodile now i am free and you have nothing the monkey told the crocodile not to try to trick him again the crocodile swam away hungry Taken from www. 2.aesopfables. one day a monkey wanted to cross a river he saw a crocodile in the river so he asked the crocodile told the monkey to jump onto its back. 4. 1. 3. Activity 1 Answer these questions. you will learn how to: • • develop paragraph of narrative texts.com 98 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . writing narrative texts. Have you ever written a story? What do you do ﬁrst when you write a story? Have you ever written a fairy tale? Are there any differences between writing fairy tales and ordinary short stories? Activity 2 Punctuate and capitalise the following story.
The second important thing about a narrative essay is that the story should have a point.com 3 4 5 6 a. Arrange them by putting the letter after the number so they tell the story shown in the picture. This gave Pak Aman an idea how to get his has back b. For further steps in writing narrative.Activity 3 Look at the picture carefully. they are not in the correct order.com The first important thing to remember about a narrative essay is that it tells a story. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 99 . So Pak Aman managed to get his hat back.infoplease. the author should come to an important conclusion about the experience that has just been described. d. visit www. In the final paragraph. He was very angry and threw a stone at them. then read the sentence given below. c. 1 2 Englishclub. So has sat down under the tree to sleep.
on his next visit.and for some time he succeeded in deceiving the sheep.short-stories. he felt very tired. h. and place it in the hole. and fancy that the gold is still lying there.e. "Pray do not grieve so. The Miser A miser sold all that he had and bought a lump of gold. as you did not make the slightest use of it. The Lamb that belonged to the sheep whose skin the Wolf was wearing began to follow the Wolf in the Sheep's clothing. It will do you quite the same service. The monkeys in turn threw fruit down at him. which he buried in a hole in the ground by the side of an old wall and went to look at daily.short-stories. Appearances are deceptive. Activity 4 Study these stories and ﬁll in the narrative text pattern that follow based on the story. while he was going from one village to another. At this the monkeys threw all the hats down at him. so it put it on over its own pelt and strolled down among the sheep. and digging down. But one day it found the skin of a sheep that had been ﬂayed and thrown aside. f. seeing him overcome with grief and learning the cause. There were lots of naughty monkeys up that tree. leading the Lamb a little apart.co.uk 100 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . He soon discovered the secret of the hidden treasure. He took off his hat and threw it at the monkeys. i. and stole it. A neighbor. and enjoying hearty meals. said. Pak Aman sells hat in the village. One of his workmen observed his frequent visits to the spot and decided to watch his movements. k. found the hole empty and began to tear his hair and to make loud lamentations. One day. So. he soon made a meal off her .uk The Wolf in Sheep's Clothing A Wolf found great difficulty in getting at the sheep owing to the vigilance of the shepherd and his dogs. for when the gold was there. Taken from www. j. The monkeys came down and took all the hats except the one on Pak Aman's hats. The Miser. but go and take a stone. you had it not. came to the lump of gold.co. g." Taken from www.
Fable story Folklore Myth or legend Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 101 . make your own narrative story. 3. Choose from the following categories.Narrative Text Pattern Tittle : Climax Major Characters Minor Characters Falling Action Conﬂict: Resolution: Events: Rising Action Setting: Theme: Activity 5 Now. 2. 1.
• You look terriﬁc. respond to expressions for congratulation and giving compliment. respond to a monologue of a narrative text. 3.. Language Functions a. 2. entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways.Chapter Summary 1. identify factual meaning in the texts. performing a monologue of narrative texts. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. 7. Congratulating • Congratulations! • Congratulations on. for better or for worse. Generic Structure Orientation Evaluation Complication Resolution Re-orientation Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. Now. : : : : : sets the scene and introduces the participants. answer the questions: 1. What do you say when someone congratulates and complements you? 3. congratulate and compliment others. What do you say to give complement and congratulate someone? 2. If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties. write narrative texts. Write and tell your favourite folklore. I must say that you are . 2. 4. you are expected to be able to: 1. a stepping back to evaluate the plight.. the crisis is resolved.. a crisis arises. optional. : to amuse. Complimenting • You look great. 6. 102 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . b. 5. identify the structure of narrative texts.. Pay attention to the structure of the text... Genre Narrative Function • • • • Well done! Great job! How beautiful you are.
Chapter 5 Sourc e: Pub li shers' s Doc umen tation I'm Very Grateful to You In This Chapter Listening: • • • • Responding to expressions of gratitude Responding to invitation Responding to a monologue of a descriptive text Expressing gratitude Performing a monologue of descriptive texts Identifying the structure of a descriptive text Reading descriptive texts Writing short descriptions and announcement Writing descriptive texts Speaking: • • • • • Reading: Writing: 103 .
Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. By the way. Henry. 6 . 2. Fine. . Please come in and have a seat. How are you this morning? Hi. Here it is. you will learn how to: • • • respond to gratitude. sure. Yuni. Would you like any other magazine or newspaper to read? Yes. Here it is and 4 .Listening In this section. 3 . 8 . 3. 1. respond to descriptive texts. would you do me a favour? Why not? What can I do for you? Could you tell your brother how 7 I am for his help to lend me his magazine? Oh. Can I see today's newspaper? Of course. And you? 2 I'm just ﬁne. I'll tell him. 1 . Henry : Yuni : Henry : Yuni : Henry : Yuni : Henry : 1. respond to invitation. 2. How do you respond to someone expressing gratitude? Is it alright if you just say nothing? Activity 2 You will listen to a tape playing a dialogue. It's all right. please. Great. Listen carefully to complete the dialogue and answer the questions that follow. 5 . Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni : : : : : : Hello Yuni. I'm returning your brother's sports magazine. Where does this conversation take place? What is the purpose of Henry's coming? What does Henry want Yuni to do? 104 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .
5.4. 5. b. I won't. You're great. Find some expressions of thanks in the dialogue. 2. a. b. What picture is it? Where do you usually ﬁnd that place? What can you do if you go to that place? Can you describe the situation on the picture? How do we prevent the beauty of the place? I'm Very Grateful to You 105 . b. 3. You will hear some expressions. I can't. How can I refuse? I'd love to come. 4. a. Source: ML Calendar Catalogue. a. Yes. I'm sorry. 4. b. No. Thank you so much. What are the responses of the expressions? Activity 3 Listen to the tape. 5. 2002 1. I'd love to. b. 2. 3. I'm very grateful to you. Activity 4 Study the picture and then answer these questions orally. Choose the best response for the expressions. a. 1. How can I thank you? It doesn't matter. a.
1 2 Colosseum: 3 Borobudur: Stonehenge: Source: Microsoft Encarta.com 106 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Activity 5 You are going to listen to three descriptions of the following pictures. 2008 Activity 6 Listen to the tape then complete the following description of Lawang Sewu. It is a famous 6 in the region of Semarang and a pride for Java. It is named 2 which means 3 . The stained glass windows are similar with those of the places like The Hague 1 and Rotterdam and also the Royal family. Adapted from www. Match the pictures and the descriptions you hear. The building has numerous 5 which open out to the ofﬁces on one side of the ofﬁce and the other end of the building on the other hand.central-java-tourism. Lawang Sewu Lawang Sewu is one of the famous in Indonesia. it is also well known for the fascinating 4 representing the Dutch Symbolism. Besides its thousand doors.
1. 1. When is the time to express gratitude to someone? What do you say when you want to thank someone who helps you? Activity 2 Read and act out the following dialogue. perform a monologue of descriptive text.Speaking In this section. Ardi Ratna Ardi Ratna : : : : I'm going to the museum on Sunday morning. Will you pick me up? Sure. 2. I'll be there. Ratna Ardi Ratna Ardi : : : : Are you free tonight? Why? I wonder if you would like to have dinner at my house. Would you like to come with me? I'd love to. Ratna invites Ardi to have dinner together. Activity 3 Answer the following questions based on the information given in the dialogue above. Be ready at 7. 6. OK? All right. you will learn how to: • • express gratitude. I won't say no. 4. 2. 5. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. After visiting the museum. on the way home. 3. When will they go to the museum? Who invites Ratna to go to the museum? Does Ratna like to go the museum? What does she say? Is Ardi free tonight? Can Ardi go to Ratna's house to have dinner together? Why? What does Ardi say to decline Ratna's invitation? I'm Very Grateful to You 107 .
. The temple is extravagant.? Will you join . Actually..? Accepting invitations More Formal Less Formal • • • • I’d be delighted to ..... I’d love to... Expressing gratitude More Formal Less Formal • • • • I would like to thank you for .? Do you want to come with . Wow. Then. Beautiful stone carvings surrounded the temple and the statues are amazing too..... my parents are taking me there again this vacation. I won’t say no .. Yes. Thank you. I’d like to very much. make your own dialogue and act it out in front of the class. I'm sure my parents won't mind. Activity 4 Study the following dialogue. Would you like to . Great. Thanks. I wish I can see it for myself....... What if you come and join us? How can I say no? Of course I'd love to come. Dandy : Kayla : I've never been to Borobudur before. Dandy : Kayla : Dandy : Kayla : 108 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .. Let me express my gratitude . What is it like? It's very beautiful.What to Say Inviting someone More Formal Less Formal • • • • I’d like to invite you to .
written by hand b. 3.Activity 5 Work in pairs. Use them to express your gratitude for the following. Your friend has just given you a bar of chocolate. Sandi has just given you a ticket for a music show. 7. Sandi has just given you a ticket for a music show. 1. Tini has lent you a magazine. There are many kinds of expressions for thanking. 5. hand-written d. Tini has lent you a magazine. A policeman has just shown you the way to the railway station. 8. 3. 3. 1. Your friend has just given you a bar of chocolate. Use them to express your gratitude for the following. hand-writing (UN 2004) V Pronunciation Practice 1. A policeman has just shown you the way to the railway station. 9. writing hand c.. that is hand-written e. 2. 10. 6. 4. Create dialogues based on the following situations. 1. 4. 2. 4. explorer /ɪk'splɔ:rɘ(r)/ war /wɔ:(r)/ resource /rɪ'sɔ:s/ wall /wɔ:l/ enormous /'ɪnɔ:mɘs/ probably /'prɔbɘblɪ/ archaeologists /ˌɑ:kɪˈɒlɘdʒɪst/ foreign /'fɒrɘn/ forest /'fɒrɪst/ crop /krɒp/ I'm Very Grateful to You 109 . 2. There are many kinds of expressions for thanks. Have you ever gone to a historical place? Can you mention some historical places in Indonesia that have become tourist resorts? Can you mention some outstanding historical places around the world? UN Shot The original . Give suitable responses. 3. a. manuscript of the play is on display in the museum.. Activity 6 Activity 7 Answer the following questions orally. 2.
We don't even know who built Great Zimbabwe – it is a mystery to African and foreign archaeologists. there is a large 110 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . To prove this.2 metres thick. Inside the Great Enclosure there are many huts. Perhaps the builders used all the natural resources on the island. Thor Heyerdahl.Activity 8 Read aloud the following texts with appropriate pronunciation. On top of a hill. discovered a huge stonewalls in Zimbabwe. The Great Zimbabwe castle and underneath this is the ‘Great Enclosure'. We don't know why the statues left alone on the island. There are many unanswered questions about Easter Island. all the way from Peru. 2000 Easter Island is in the South Paciﬁc. Africa. 2000 In 1871 Karl Mauch. The walls covered 25 hectares around what is now called ‘Great Zimbabwe'. and no doors. Why did they build the tower? We don't know. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. no windows. Easter Island Norwegian explorer. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. Perhaps they were killed by disease or war. The Great Enclosure has enormous walls – sometimes 11 metres high and 1. passages and rooms and a mysterious 9-metre-high stone tower that has no stairs. a German. 3. he made a simple raft and sailed there. We don't know who built them but they were probably constructed between 1150 and 1500. They think the Great Enclosure was built about 1. Archaeologists think that the statues represent dead tribal leaders.000 years ago. On the island. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. believed that they were built by people from South America.700 kilometres from the coast of Chile. there are 600 large statues. Great Zimbabwe is the most impressive Iron Age site in Africa. We don't really know why they are there. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools.
Why did the Anasazi build circular rooms? We don't know. Location Time of building (approximation) Physical appearance Great Zimbabwe Pueblo Bonito I'm Very Grateful to You 111 . Easter Island 1.000 trees from forests almost 80 kilometres away. 3. doors and roofs. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. 2000 One thousand years ago. How did they move the trees? We don't know. They used stone for the walls and wood for the ﬂoors. 2. in the desert of the Chaco Canyon. In some buildings there are huge circular rooms called ‘kivas'—the biggest one is underground and it is about 16 metres wide. the Anasazi people built nine multi-storey buildings called ‘Great Houses'. Why did they leave? Hunger? War? We really don't know. They Activity 9 Complete the following box with the information from the text to show the description of those places.Pueblo Bonito transported more than 200. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. Perhaps they used them for religious ceremonies or for storing crops. We know the Anasazi people abandoned the Great Houses.
S.5 mile (0. The Niagara River forms part of the border between Canada and the United States. Niagara Falls Niagara Falls really has two waterfalls. at the falls.000 feet (305 metres) wide. At Niagara Falls. Beyond the falls are the Whirlpool Rapids. Most of the water flows over the Horseshoe Falls. The American Falls are about 1.Activity 10 Perform a monologue about the description of Niagara Falls. 4. Ontario. coloured lights shine on the thundering falls. Canada is on one side of the river. state of New York is on the other side. the powerful swirling water has carved a bowl out of the rock. The Niagara River drops into a steep gorge or canyon. 2. 3. There. 2006 Niagara Falls is a famous area of waterfalls. They are not as high as the American Falls.600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. but they are 2.8 kilometre). 5. Activity 11 Answer the following questions orally. about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. At night. About 10 million people visit Niagara Falls each year. It is on the Niagara River. It is one of the most beautiful natural wonders of North America. Where is Niagara Falls located? What countries are separated by Niagara Falls? Where are the two waterfalls of Niagara Falls? What is Canyon? How big are the Horseshoe Falls? 112 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . and the American Falls are in the United States. The Horseshoe Falls are in Canada. 1. and the U.
1. 7. on June 18. After/before is used with period of times. in the Middle Ages. for the sake of. Isla de Pascua. At is used with times and also with places: at Niagara Falls. in the United States. 2. I'm Very Grateful to You 113 . 3. Off is used with verbs: get off. put off. is Spanish for "Easter Island". glance of eye. at lunch. on Monday. for ages. • For the sake of God. while she was at the bank. on the wall. during the night. For is also intended to be given to or belong to a particular person: The Great Sphinx was probably built for Khafre. who encountered Easter Island on Easter Sunday 1722. In is used with periods of time and also with places: in October. 8. take off. 6. Of is used with nouns and also with -ing forms: legs of the table. after lunch time. 5. 9. before him. before June. before asking. at the corner of. On is used with dates and days and also with places: on Niagara River. at Jln. For is used with a period of time: for one hour. Example: • I stand in front of the class. after reading. Some prepositions with more than one word are in front of. During is used with a period of time: during our holiday. the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen. after me. 4. New Horizon The name "Easter Island" was given by the island's ﬁrst recorded European visitor. at midnight. while searching for Davis or David's island.11. in 2005. • He has to stand at the corner of the classroom. with pronouns and also with -ing forms: before winter. While is used with subject + verb: while you went out. Soka no. for a week. The island's ofﬁcial Spanish name.Grammar Review Preposition Study the following explanation of prepositions. in the park. in Canada. after summer. of making.
The second was built 11 King Khafre. 2. decide whether the following statements are true or false. Then. The largest was 10 built King Khufu. Pyramids are built for king's servants. The Great Sphinx was built for King Khufu. 114 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Giza is located near the Nile River. 2006 The pyramids Giza (Al Jizah) stand 3 the west bank the Nile River outside 4 Cairo. 4.C. A huge statue 13 a sphinx. 3. was probably built 14 Khafre. They were built 7 kings 8 9 about 2600 2500 B.Activity 12 Complete the text with appropriate prepositions given in the box. There is only one pyramid at Giza. and the third 12 King Menkaure. T/F 1. The largest pyramid was built for King Khufu. • of • on • of • at • of • of • • • for in to • for • for • for • of • for • near Source: Microsoft Encarta. 15 It stands his pyramid. There are 10 pyramids Giza. 1 2 Activity 13 Read aloud the text you have completed. 5. including 5 three the largest and best preserved 6 all Egyptian pyramids. called the Great Sphinx.
5. 2. 4. 4. 3. 6. Activity 1 Answer the questions based on the picture. e.org 1. Then match them with their meanings or synonyms.upload. Can you ﬁnd a place like this in your village? What do people call this place? Is it a kind of tourist resort? What do you think of this place? Where can you ﬁnd this place? Have you ever visited some tourist resorts in East Java? Mention them. read and understand descriptive texts. Meanings or Synonyms a. 2.wikimedia. view considered to be brave strike something with a hard blow situated Words 1. identify the structure of descriptive texts. Activity 2 Before you read the story about “Gua Tabuhan”. c. located lime scenery peddlers agates I'm Very Grateful to You 115 . b.Reading In this section. 5. learn these words. Source: www. 3. you will learn how to: • • • ﬁnd speciﬁc information from descriptive texts. d.
in Tabuhan. The drink and food peddlers are on the north side. It is situated in a lime hill called Tapan. j. What makes this unique is that they mix gamelan with the sounds of nature. identiﬁcation description 116 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Many tourists go to this cave. Along the road there is beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy rice ﬁelds. Pay attention to the structure of the text. It is said that the cave is the only place where nature produces sounds like the music of gamelan. sacred dared chased bump prayer mat seclude cave stream f. a hollow place in the side of hill very hard stones place on which Muslims kneel when praying goods sellers moving from place to place keep apart from others a small narrow river run after something holy Activity 3 Read the following text. 12. k. Maybe you are interested in going there too but you don't know where it is. Nyi Kamiyem. 9. Somehow.6. Joining them are people called wiyogo which are drummers and other gamelan musicians. People sell agates on the cave terraces. Nyi (Mrs) Kamiyem and Ki (Mr) Padmo sit on a big stone. Gua Tabuhan is located near Pacitan in East Java. East of the cave peddlers sell souvenirs. h. 7. The route is easy. 10. The visitors dance. does not doubt anything. g. a well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer) from the village of Gabuhan. Wareng village. i. 13. it is like a fair. m. Nyi Kamiyem will sing a song and Ki Padmo will beat the drum. forgetting all problems. Gua Tabuhan Is a Lively Unique Cave In the cave. l. 11. who often sings in the cave. coconutpalms and birds. 8.
The people chased the spirits away. and a local guide will lead the way. The identiﬁcation part is the part where writers of descriptive text identiﬁes phenomenon to be described. 4. Inside the cave there is a plain big stone which is believed to be the prayer mat of Pangeran Diponegoro. so people need lights. It was believed to be a sacred place. According to Kartowiryo (90). 1996 The structure of descriptive text is divided into two parts: Identiﬁcation and description. Sometimes visitors bump their heads against the sharp rocks on the ceiling. 2. one of the Indonesian heroes who fought against the Dutch. Description text focuses on speciﬁc participants. However. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirits. which can only be seen outside. do you want different souvenirs? You can ﬁnd them in Donorodjo village where agate craftsman work. It is said that Pangeran Diponegoro used to seclude himself in the cave. Gua Tabuhan used to be a hiding place for robbers. in the east corner. have a nice journey.Gua Tabuhan did not use to welcome visitors. qualities. and characteristics. Besides the cave. What do you call people who join Nyi Kamiyem and Ki Padmo in the cave? Where is Gua Tabuhan located? What can you see along the road to Gua Tabuhan? Where can you ﬁnd peddlers selling souvenirs? I'm Very Grateful to You 117 . a beach nearby. 1. However. It normally uses simple present tense. Wedana (chief of a district) Kertodiprojo. The description part describes parts. No one dared go inside. village elder. The cave is dark. 3. Some people now use the place for meditation. Activity 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 3. So. By the way. it can be heard from inside. January. There is a stream in the cave. Watukarang. went to the cave to ﬁnd out what was wrong. is good to visit. Taken from Hello English Magazine.
8. 4. 6. 9. Visitors who visit the cave cannot find water easily. 2. Gua Tabuhan is located in Wareng Village. 7. 8. The inside of the cave is like a fair because visitors and peddlers bring light if they come in. To reach Wareng village the visitors have trouble. choose T if the statement is true and F if it is false according to the text. The visitors will forget all their problems when hearing the sounds of nature and gamelan. Can you see the stream inside the cave? 5. T/F 1. You ﬁnd the drink and food peddlers on the east of the cave. Activity 5 In pairs. The cave is used for meditation.What is Nyi Kamiyem? How old is Ki Kartowiryo? What did Kertodiprojo ﬁnd out inside the cave? What do people need when they enter the cave? What did Pangeran Diponegoro use as a prayer mat to perform prayer in the cave? 10. 5. 3. 6. Nyi Kamiyem is not a well-known pesinden. 10. Pangeran Diponegoro secluded himself inside the cave. 7. 9. 118 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . People who are in the cave can hear the stream.
Kauai. Aloha means love and well-being and somehow stands for everything that goes to make up the image of Hawaii. "Aloha. but this is more than enough to utter the word "Aloha". The Pride of Aloha bears witness to this attitude. Seeing Hawaii in Cruising Style The Hawaiian language is based on ﬁve vowels and just seven consonants. the third-largest cruise operator in the world.S. In 2004 it was converted for duty on the Paciﬁc cruise route and is the ﬁrst cruise ship to ﬂy the U. consuming 9.000 aboard have their homes in the U. Honolulu on Oahu. and this is the pattern throughout the day. a nightly entertainment program and transfers between the four most important islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago. A cruise aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel is perhaps the most comfortable and by no means the most exclusive way to see Hawaii. Included in the price is full board. "Fine". Oahu. A visitor to these islands in the middle of the Paciﬁc feels immediately that he has one foot ﬁrmly anchored in the American Way of Life. and this is particularly true when he sees the islands from the vantage point of a cruise ship.Activity 6 Read the following text and then answer the questions that follow.700 kilograms of meat during the sevenday cruise – the equivalent of 700 grams per passenger per day. through flower garlands and grass skirts to coconut bikinis. At breakfast. but it is in fact much more than a greeting or farewell. A cabin with a sea view costs as little as 1. I'm Very Grateful to You 119 . travellers are greeted by mountains of ham and pancakes. sufﬁces as answer. or Mahalo in Hawaiian. from colourful shirts. The simple response.S.000 inhabitants and is the largest human settlement in the South Sea.250 euros per person for the seven nights of the cruise. where there is general scorn at the notion of going on diet. Big Island and Maui. Hawaii is the "Aloha State" and the 50th state of the United States of America. Most of the almost 2. The cruise ship belongs to Star Cruises. initially bearing the name Norwegian Sky. This greeting written out in lights already welcomes those arriving at Honolulu airport. Midwest. The passenger aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel would have little reason to respond otherwise. has a population of 900. where the cruise starts. and the Pride of Aloha was built in 1999. ﬂag in some time. How are you today?" is a frequently asked question on the "Pride of Aloha". The Norwegian Cruise Line is no more Norwegian than the food aboard the Pride of Aloha is Hawaiian.
How is the building in the seaside resort of Waikiki? 10. What does the word "Aloha" mean and stand for according to the text? 2. What are included in the price of the cabin? 8. But anyone who gazes out over the blue ocean to watch the surfers ride the perfect waves knows why he has come to Hawaii. 2005 1. What is the reason for the crowds bustle along the shopping streets of Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues? Activity 7 Decide in which paragraph you can ﬁnd the following information. 3. When was Pride of Aloha built? 6. One hopes at the same time that the evidence of human progress will become less apparent as the cruise progresses while the beach remains as beautiful. There is a reason for the crowds. 2. How much does a cabin with a sea view cost? 7.Faceless apartment blocks turn into equally faceless hotel towers and shopping malls in the seaside resort of Waikiki. Information Paragraph 1. 4. Thousands of Japanese bustle along the shopping streets of Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues. February 13. How are the travellers aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel greeted at breakfast? 4. What are the possible responses to the greeting "Aloha"? 3. Taken from The Jakarta Post. the endless concrete and the activity: Waikiki Beach is perhaps the most famous in the world after the Copacabana. How many kilograms of meat are consumed by the passengers a week? 5. 5. Can you describe Honolulu on Oahu in a sentence? 9. Deﬁnition of “Aloha” The reason why few passengers in the vessel do not respond to the greeting History of Norwegian Cruise Line vessel The rate of a cabin with a sea view Description of situation in Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues 120 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .
The main part of the wall is about 3. constructed entirely of wood. Shanghai Industrial Exhibition displays variety of manufactured products. rises to about 11 metres high. on Mount Badaling. crowded with worshippers. Call 800-999-TRIP for more information and reservations. 2000 I'm Very Grateful to You 121 .5 metres wide at its base and nearly 6 metres at the top. without nails. and huge stone walls and gates. each carved from a single huge piece of white jade. Nanjing Road is the major shopping thoroughfare. Temple of the Jade Buddha.460 kilometres long. temples. and it was erected entirely by hand. This section is about 7. has two statues of Buddha. Adapted from New Interchange Workbook 2. There’s a lot to do in this exciting city! Beijing is famous for its beautiful palaces.400 kilometres. Its art treasure and universities have long made the city China’s cultural centre. Source: Microsoft Encarta.Activity 8 Read this travel ad and check whether the statements that follow are true or false according to the ad. You must visit the Temple of Heaven. Its length is about 6. the most famous temple in China. The bund waterfront area is lined with banks and ofﬁce buildings. near Beijing. Watchtowers stand about 90 to 180 metres apart along the wall. major industrial and commercial centre and seaport. See two exciting cities and one of the world’s wonders 11 days $799 + airfare! Shanghai is China’s largest city. The wall crosses northern China between the east coast and north-central China. It resembles a modern Western city more than does any other Chinese city. The Hall of Prayer of Good Harvests is an architectural wonder. 2008 Great Wall of China is the longest structure ever built. One of the highest sections of the Great Wall.
3. In your opinion. Activity 1 Answer the following questions. 7. scenery of mountain or beach? Can you mention some mountains in the world which have interesting scenery? What should we do to preserve the resources in the mountains? How is the condition of the beaches in Indonesia? Can you mention some of the beaches that have become popular tourist resorts? 122 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Temple of the Jade Buddha is constructed entirely of wood. There are many watchtowers in Shanghai. 2. Mount Badaling isn't far from Beijing. 5. No machine was used to erect the Great Wall of China. write descriptive texts. Writing In this section. Both Shanghai and Beijing have beautiful temples. 3. 6. Shanghai is the most modern city in China. 2. The top of the Great Wall is wider than its base. which one is the most amazing. 5. Beijing is China's largest city. 1.T/F 1. 4. 4. 8. you will learn how to: • • write a short description.
swimming with dolphins. good destinations include Pulau Serangan. Canggu. Nusa Penida and Nusa Lembongan in the south. It does not rise up out of the surrounding countryside as do many of Indonesia's spectacular mountains. Whether you want to throw yourself from high attitudes. Uluwatu and Nusa Lembongan. which regularly attract the pros.masham3d.com The amazing choice of different activities available in Bali means that there is indeed something for everyone. For snorkelling and diving. Lovina. Mount Kosciusko Mount Kosciusko is actually the highest mountain (2. For the more experienced. Further aﬁeld. Nusa Dua has a number of breaks as does Sanur.Activity 2 Analyse the structure of the following descriptive texts. Apart from Kuta and Legian beaches. Beginners should respect the sea and stay within depth to start with as the current can be very strong. Elevation gain is minimal and the wide open terrain is scenic. Padang Bai. September 2000 Source: www. explore the wonders of the deep or just lie back and take it easy. Bali has perfected the art of keeping its guests happy. Candidasa. diving. Taken from Hello Bali. v Bali Action sailing and parasailing. snorkelling. In the winter there I'm Very Grateful to You 123 . Bali's waves are world famous and range from safe beach breaks for beginners like Kuta to the awesome swells at Padang Padang. Australia. Medewi is also good for beginners.wordpress. in the north and the amazing Pulau Menjangan in the northwest.228 metres) on the world's ﬂattest and smallest continent. Tulamben and Amed in the east.ﬁles. hurtle down frothing rapids. the closest spots to Kuta are Benoa and Sanur beaches where all the relevant equipment can be hired. cruises. Ketewel and the area around the airport are also popular with experienced surfers. The beach is a major factor in any island holiday and Bali has a coastline which offers every possible water activity including surfing some of the best waves in the world. Then answer the questions.
The mountain is within a national park so no cars are allowed and the vegetation and wildlife is protected. 2004 Do the texts have a similarity in their structure? Explain your answer. Activity 4 Study the following text well. and even Mt. a craggier peak about one kilometre north of Kosciusko. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Taken from Kang Guru. Townshend. Actually. including areas of the Blue Mountains. What are the topics of the two texts? Activity 3 List the use of prepositions within the text of Activity 2 in your workbook. Australia does have 1.is deep snow on the upper parts of the mountain. Kosciusko was named by Polish explorer Paul Strzelecki in 1840. some interesting mountainous terrain. the tower of london since then it has been a fortress a palace and a prison the scene of murder execution ceremonies and years of imprisonments the tower is one of the UK's ﬁnest castles and as one of the strongest fortresses in the land is the home of the crown jewels it also houses a ﬁne collection of armour and many other displays showing nine centuries of british history Taken from Take Off. Mt. Discuss with your friend to punctuate and capitalise it well. 2000 the tower of london was ﬁrst built in the 11th century within the roman city walls its purpose was to protect and control the city 124 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. the crags of Tasmania.
Take Off.). Discuss what they are about. Can you explain the function of period (. 3. 1998. 2001 I'm Very Grateful to You 125 . comma (. Write down the conclusion of your discussion. Compare it to your friend's. Study the following announcements. 2 Source: True Colors.) and apostrophe (')? What is the topic sentence of the ﬁrst paragraph? What is the topic sentence of the third paragraph? Activity 6 Work in pairs. 1 Your Project Have you ever visited Bali or another famous tourist resorts in Indonesia? Write the description about it on a paper.Activity 5 Answer these questions. 1. 2.
is another favourite place to visit. 2. 3. visit popular famous largest symbol Activity 10 Look at the following pictures of tourist resort. hiking. make an announcement containing information about your school’s activities. The Cathedral of Notre Dame. It is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. 5. 7. millions of people visit Paris. Paris is often called the City of Light. camping. draws many visitors. It is also one of the world's most Activity 9 Find the synonym of the following words in the text. The most popular place to visit is the Eiffel Tower. At night.Activity 7 With your friend. Pay attention to the description Paris crowded cities. study tour. 1.g. many palaces and statues are lit up. For this reason. 126 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 4. Every year. dense beautiful annually very large attract 6. Lovely gardens and parks are found throughout Paris. 2000 Paris is the capital city of France. singing contest. 8. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. etc. Choose one of them and then describe it. This huge structure has become the symbol of Paris. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 10. a famous church. one of the world's largest art museums. e. The Louvre. Then write your own sentences based on these words. 9. Activity 8 Study this text and write down the noun phrases.
com The Wall of China Source: www3. To ﬁnd out about them.com The New7Wonders organization is happy to announce that the following 7 candidates have been elected by more than 100 million votes to represent global heritage throughout history.1 Englishclub. new7wonders.com 2 Taj Mahal Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. just visit www. 2006 I'm Very Grateful to You 127 .nationalgeographic. 2006 3 Pyramid Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.
Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter.Chapter Summary 1.. 8. What will you say to accept an invitation? If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties. qualities. I really appreciate your . 5. write a form of announcement. I'd be happy to accept Genre Descriptive Function : to describe a particular person. guess meaning in context. Language Functions Expressing gratitude a. respond to gratitude 2. 9. perform a monologue of descriptive. answer the questions: 1. respond to report texts 4. write accurately words phrases. you are expected to be able to: 1. 128 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. characters. 10. Thanks a lot. 7. That sounds a nice idea. express gratitude.. Generic Structure a. Thank you very much. b. What will you say to express gratitude? 2. I'd love to b. read a descriptive text aloud.. Accepting an invitation a. ﬁnd speciﬁc information from descriptive texts. 6.. Now.. I'm very grateful to you for. Description : describes parts. I'd be delighted to. 2. Identiﬁcation : identiﬁes phenomenon to be described. d. c. respond to invitation 3. d. b. sentences into paragraphs. place or thing. c.
com Headline News In This Chapter Listening: • • • Responding to expressions of surprise and amazement Responding to news item texts Expressing surprise and amazement Performing a monologue of news item texts Identifying meanings and information in news item texts Reading news item texts Developing paragraph of news item texts Writing news item texts Speaking: • • • • • Reading: Writing: 129 .Chapter 6 Sourc e: ww w .photo bucke t.
Good heavens! No. What kind of expressions are they? 1. 7. It's very tragic. 4. Thousands of people were killed. Iwan's father reads the newspaper. 3. 6. 130 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. Activity 3 Listen to the tape attentively to complete the dialogue. 5. What is your reaction when you hear bad news? What is your reaction when you hear good news? What will you say if you hear a news that surprise you? What news that make you surprise lately? Activity 2 Listen and repeat these expressions. 3 Father : .Listening In this section. I don't believe it. you will learn how to: • • respond to expressions of surprise and amazement. respond to news item texts. Ecuador's earthquake is worse than in our country. I can't imagine that. Many people became homeless. What a surprise! Oh really? Is it true? Are you serious? You must be kidding. Remember the earthquake in our country last year. 1 ! There was an earthquake in Ecuador. He finds news that attracts his attention and informs his father. Iwan : Dad. 4. 3. 2 . 1.) Iwan : Yeah. 4 Father : . Dialogue 1 Iwan reads a newspaper. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. Another disaster? (Then. 2. I ﬁnd that very surprising. Compare your answer with your friends'.
That's very disappointing.Dialogue 2 Andi brings news to his class. please! I have something to tell you. Who has had the best week? What is it about? Who has had the worst week? What is it about? Who has had the best news this year? Who has the most shocking news? Who has had the most unusual news story to tell? Tell it to the class. Aldi : Shh. Andi : I've just met the headmaster in the teachers' room. 6 Indah : . I tell you the truth. He informs that the headmaster cancels tomorrow's holiday. 1.. Don't forget to come to the school tomorrow. Feny : Really? Why are you 3 ? Bad news? Aldi : Be quiet Feny! Andi : The headmaster cancelled tomorrow's holiday. be quiet.. Report your answers in front of the class. pay attention to our leader. 5 . We will have a holiday someday. 3.. Activity 6 In groups of four. Andi : Keep calm guys. The other groups respond to each news that the group told. Headline News 131 . no. 1 Andi : . guys.OK my friends. It seems that he brings 2 for us. Activity 4 Activity 5 Now. answer these questions. Andi : I'm serious. 4. Respond to each news that your friends tell you. What a shocking. 2. 5. He told me about our holiday. Feny : What! 4 ? Aldi : Oh. Please. listen to the tape and respond to each expression you hear. Work in pair and take turns telling your friends some news.
then match each news item you heard with the following headlines. I think it will be great if we have many city parks in Jakarta. 1 Ayodia City Park Set for July 2 Motorists trapped in ﬂoods Greenfest 2008 to Educate on Global Warming Threat 3 4 Singing Contest Still Hot Ferguson Relieved after Big Win Food Prices Bring Trade Barriers Down 5 6 Activity 8 Listen to the news once again and make any responses based on each news you hear. For example: You hear news about the plan of Jakarta administration to build a public park.Activity 7 Listen to tape. Your response: I think it's good news. 132 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .
During study time. "My ofﬁce is still drafting 2 on study time. Taken from The Jakarta Post." Mochtar said. Headline News 133 . Elementary and high school students will have 4 from 6 p. com on Monday.Activity 9 Listen to the tape and complete the text while you are listening. game consoles. either at home or in groups along with classmates living in the same neighbourhood. Ask your friends to guess what the news is about. "The study time must be effective. Then read it in front of the class while another students listen to it. in time for National Education Day. He failed to mention what punishments 6 on students who did not comply. he said.m. would be on May 2. April 15. as quoted by Tempointeraktif.m. Bekasi Makes Study Time Compulsory The regulation. to 7:30 p. no TV.. 3 Bekasi: The Bekasi municipality administration 1 students to allocate at least one hour in the evening to review school lessons of finish homework. visiting shopping malls or going to 5 will be allowed." said the Mayor Muchtar Mohamad. 2008 Activity 10 Find another news in a newspaper or magazine.
Source: Earthquakes. Romi was knocked down by a car. Yesterday. perform a dialogue of news item texts. Did you hear that Mr Setiadi got a serious cancer disease? 2. on the TV news. What? Who? Where? When? How? Activity 2 Read the following sentences. Ask ﬁve questions about it. 2006 1. 4. What will you say if you hear this news? 1. I saw a bad thunder storm in East Java. you will learn how to: • • express surprise and amazement. Many people died and got serious injured. He was arrested for trafﬁc violence. He was in hospital for ﬁve weeks. Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer these questions orally. I heard that Rian was in jail. What does the picture tell you about? What is the cause of the damage in the buildings? What do you say when you hear surprising news? What do you say when you hear bad news? Imagine that you hear a surprising news. 2. 4. 134 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 5.Speaking In this section. 3. 3.
It was in mid air. b. Ria. Yesterday. I got the news from his best friend. pleasure agreement sympathy expectation satisfaction (UAN 2004) Ria Wati Headline News 135 . : Yeah. Take it easy. : That's too bad. Wati Ria Wati Ria Wati : Do you know that Ari has a girlfriend? : Are you kidding? That's not true. you're right.. that's terrible. a. Sandi : I don't understand. at the school canteen. Besides. Frans. They talk about Ari who is the most favourite student in their school. it says he was hanging out of the window while the plane was 23. It says a pilot was nearly sucked out of the window of his plane. Hadi : really? . Pay attention to the italicised expressions. actually. e. c. Oh. come on. Mrs. : It doesn't mean that he loves you. ! I've been waiting for it so long. d. : You're right. did he? Dina : No..Activity 3 Read and practise these dialogues. he gave me a bar of chocolate. Sandi : Really? He didn't die. did it? Dina : Yes. The window didn't break. : Good heavens! Look at this. Dina UN Shot Mr Ruli : I heard that the new art gallery will be opened this month. Dialogue 2 Wati chats with her best friend. Dialogue 1 Sandi and Dina are talking about the accident which happened to an airline pilot they read about in the headline of a newspaper. The bell is ringing. He's not the only guy in the world. it did. Let's go to the class.000 feet in the air. : Listen. Sandy : Oh. I don't have time to think about love right now. Act them out with your friends.
3. surprises me. You heard that a dinosaur-like fish is found in Indonesian sea. 5.. Respond to the news appropriately. We can also use questions tag form to show surprises and express disbelief.What to Say Expressions of Surprise and Amazement More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • • • I must say that . Tell your classmates about it. You read the news about tsunami in Aceh and North Sumatra. I ﬁnd that very surprising. I ﬁnd it astonishing/extraordinary. He wasn't. 2. Your friend's father has passed away. Really? My goodness! Are you serious? You're kidding! That's amazing/extraordinary. that's very surprising.. Express your amazement. Act them out with your friends. 1. are you? 2. Give respond to the news. Mr Anwar was very ill. You aren't. I'm on strike now. How very surprising/amazing.. 136 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Well. 4. Express your sympathy. Your brother who is an athletic athlete has broken the world record and claimed as the fastest man in the world. was he? Activity 4 Make dialogues based on the following situations. You heard that one of your friends is invited to Istana Merdeka to meet with the President. 1.
Adapted from The Jakarta Post January 18. 2008 Headline News 137 .com/ english Answer these questions orally. is on the verge of extinction. an ofﬁcial said Saturday. 2003/January 5. The unarmed policemen were on the way to a sport competition. The Jakarta Post. The population of the two horned species stands at less than 60. December 29. one of many at the reserve. November 23-29. Do you always read newspapers or magazines? What kinds of newspaper or magazine do you read? Do you know what is a headline? Where can you ﬁnd the headline? Activity 6 Read and study the following news items. 2008 2 14 Ujungkulon Rhinos On Verge Of Extinction Banten: Authorities overseeing Ujung-kulon antional Park plan to expand the rhinoceros enclosure. 2005. 4. Read the news in front of the class. 3. 2. just visit www. wallets and even the sports uniforms and sneakers.com If you want to get interesting information about anything in Indonesia. 2004 1. Pretend you are a news reader. The robbers took their cameras.indonesiaheadline. 1 Thieves Rob Bus Full of Policemen Rio De Janeiro: Four thieves robbed the bus carrying forty six policemen. 2004. Taken from The Jakarta Post April 15. Source: Tempo. cellular phones. as the protected species. March 8.Activity 5 Englishclub. Time. Pay attention to your intonation.
B : Really? I don't believe it. Taken from The Jakarta Post April 15. Sharapova became the first woman to win three titles this season following her success at the Australian open and Qatar open and improved her 2008 win-loss record to 22-1. make a dialogue. 2005 4 Sharapova Wins First Claycourt Title Amelia Island. Example: A : It says here that policemen were robbed by thieves. Florida: Maria Sharapova captured her ﬁrst claycourt title when she defeated Slovakia's Dominika Cibukolva 7-6 6-3 in the final of the Amelia Island Championship on Sunday.3 Woman Fined for Eating Apple While Driving London: British police spent 10. • • • • Sport news Social news Headline news Breaking news : : : : 138 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Sarah McCaffrey was ﬁned 60 pounds and ordered to pay 100 pounds in legal fees for her infraction starting from December 2003. Activity 8 Discuss with your friend and decide the type of the news in Activity 6 . 2008 Activity 7 In pairs. Adapted from AFP's news in The Jakarta Post January 27.000 pounds to catch and prosecute a woman driver for eating an apple while driving. respond to each of the news items in Activity 6 with the expressions of surprise.
Headline News 139 . newscaster /nju:zkæstə(r)/ 7. entertainment /entəˈteɪnmənt/ 12. people involved. bulletin /ˈbʊlətɪn/ 15. expert opinions. news /nju:z/ 2. television /ˈtelɪvɪʒn/ 5. reporter /rɪˈpɔ:ta/ 9. Find out the information sources. magazine /mægəˈzɪ:n/ 4. They include witnesses. or the authority. Background consists of event elaboration.. Tell your friend about the news starting with the expression: "Did you know there was ." (Continue with your own words. 2. 1. 1.. article /ˈɑ:tikl/ 8.) 3.Pronunciation Practice Pronounce the following words related to news item. Identify its background. Use the following guidance.. weekly /ˈwɪklɪ/ 14. media /ˈmi:dɪə/ 11. and the place where the event happened. newspaper /nju:speɪpə(r)/ 3. headline /hedlaɪn/ 6. 4. Find out the main event of the news. features /fɪ:tʃər/ Activity 9 Read news in a newspaper or magazine and tell your partner the news item that you have read. daily /dɵɪlɪ/ 13. journalist /ˈdʒɜ:nlɪz/ 10.
which one do you prefer to read? Why? Activity 2 v No 1. 3. 4. Source: Publisher's Documentation 1.Reading In this section. Which do you usually read: newspaper or magazine? Why? 3. Of the tree kinds of newspaper/magazine in the pictures. 6. 2. What kind of newspaper/magazine do you read? 4. 7. Ask your classmates and ﬁll in the name of those doing the following activities. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Do you have the habit of reading any newspaper or magazine? 2. Activities Read a daily newspaper Read a weekly news magazine Listen to news on the radio Watch cable network news Watch news on the TV Read news on the Internet Read news on a school bulletin Name Kind of news 140 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . identify the structure of news item texts. 5. Do you also read English newspaper/magazine? Why? 5. you will learn how to: • • identify factual information in news item texts.
Read and study the following text. Pay attention to the structure of news item text. Seven Killed in Accident on Jalan Sultan Seven people were killed in a collision between a bus, a car and a truck at 10:35 p.m. on Jalan Sultan last night. The dead were all passengers in the car. Police believe the car may have been trying to overtake the bus when it was struck by a truck coming from the opposite direction. The driver of the car may not have been using his lights, as the truck driver said he did not see the car approaching. The police said the car should not have been trying to pass the bus, since overtaking is not allowed on Jalan Sultan. In addition, the police reported that the car–a small Japanese car–should not have been carrying more than ﬁve people. The names of the victims are not yet known.
Taken from www.thejakartapost.com
The structure of news item text is divided into three parts. The ﬁrst part is newsworthy events that consists of recount of the event in summary form. The second part is background events. This part includes the elaboration of what happened, to whom and in what circumstances. The last part is source that consists of comments by participants, witnesses and authorities experts on the event.
State whether the following statements are true or false based on Activity 3. (T/F) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. The bus must have been travelling too fast. The driver of the car must have been driving dangerously. The driver of the truck may not have been driving carefully. The bus was struck by the truck. The bus and the car were in the same direction. To overtake is forbidden on Jalan Sultan.
Choose the correct answer to the following questions based on the text.
The soccer star David Beckham and his wife, former Spice Girl Victoria, are going to court to defend their image and marriage. The Beckhams are angry that a British tabloid newspaper printed a story that their "happy marriage" was a lie. The News of the World wrote an article saying the Beckhams are just pretending to be happily married to make more money from their
"Beckham brand". The newspaper said the marriage was really "on the rocks" because of a relationship David had with another woman. He strongly denies this. The newspaper article suggested that the Beckhams' huge income depended on their public image. It said the couple tried to convince the public that their marriage was happy to get more advertising contracts. The article also said David almost had a nervous breakdown because of arguments with his wife. A lawyer for the newspaper commented on the high profile marriage, asking: "Is it unhappy, full of rows and tensions because of David Beckham's inﬁdelity, or is it happy? We say unhappy." The Beckhams, meanwhile, insist they are a happily married couple.
Taken from www.breakingnewsenglish.com
The Beckhams huge income is depended on their …. a. news b. image c. contracts d. marriage e. lifestyle According to the newspaper, the Beckhams marriage was unhappy because of David Beckham's …. a. affair b. income c. profession d. public image e. free kick
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
Before the invention of printing machines, people spread news by word of mouth, written letters, or public notices. As more people learned to read and write, news reports gained added reliability. Ancient Rome had a particularly sophisticated system for circulating written news. Its publishing practises centered on acta diurna (daily events)
Source: Microsoft Encarta, 2006
The marriage was really "on the rocks" (Paragraph 1 sentence 4) The phrase "on the rocks" means that the beckhams marriage is in a …. condition. a. bad b. good c. strong d. happy e. strange The Beckhams' huge income (Paragraph 2 sentence 1) The word huge means …. a. large b. high c. wide d. big e. small David almost had a nervous breakdown because of arguments with his wife (Paragraph 2 sentence 3) The word arguments means …. a. ﬁght b. angry c. marriage d. discussion e. exercise
Read the following words taken from text and ﬁnd the synonyms. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. former court article tensions insist lawyer pretend convince contracts advertise
It is believed that this person knows about research work being carried out on germ warfare. The discussions held in that room would obviously be of great interest to a foreign power. Then." The exact nature of the charge has not been revealed. Do you think a man or a woman has been arrested? Why do you think so? Which ministry has this person been working for? Where was the microphone found? Have the authorities had their suspicions about this person for some time? A Spy at the Ministry! The Ministry of Defence was in turmoil yesterday after it was learnt that a secretary had been arrested and accused of spying. 1990 1 2 Secretary Arrested at Ministry of Defence Rumours that a secretary working for the Ministry of Defence has been arrested were conﬁrmed last night." Taken from English Form. identify the structure of the text.Activity 7 Answer the questions by looking through the following news items. 1. our reporter was told: "At least one hidden microphone was found in a room where top scientists meet. Taken from English Form. However. Do it individually. 2. A spokesman for the Ministry of Defence said: "A secretary has been watching this person for some weeks. Rumours spread like wildfire and employees were instructed not to talk to the press. 1990 144 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 4. The secretary has been working for scientists who have secret information regarding germ warfare. but it is understood that a microphone was found under a piece of furniture in a room where important meetings are held. 3.
Read the news in Activity 7 once again and answer the following questions. Questions 1 to 3 are based on the ﬁrst news item. 1. Who had been arrested? 2. What is the person accused of? 3. What was told to the reporter of the news? Questions 4 to 6 are based on the second news item. 4. When was the rumours conﬁrmed. 5. What did the person know? 6. What was found in the meeting room?
Reported Speech and Direct Speech Study the following sentences. 1. The truck driver said he did not see the car approaching. 2. The truck driver said, "I do not see the car approaching." Sentence number 1 is a reported speech and sentence number 2 is a direct speech. Reported speech is used when we want to report what someone said. The word order is the same as direct speech but we don't use certain punctuation as indirect speech. The tenses in reported speech normally change. Look at the following examples: Direct Speech 1. He said, "I buy a newspaper every day." 2. He said, "I am buying a newspaper." 3. He said, "I have bought a newspaper." 4. He said, "I bought a newspaper." 5. He said, "I will buy a newspaper." 6. He said, "I can buy a newspaper." 7. He said, "I may buy a newspaper." 8. He said, "I must buy a newspaper." 9. He said, "I have to buy a newspaper." 10. He said, "Buy a newspaper."
Find an article in a newspaper or magazine. Then identify the direct speeches on it and change them into a reported speeches. Compare your work with your friends.
Reported Speech 1. He said (that) he bought a newspaper every day. 2. He said he was buying a newspaper. 3. He said he had bought a newspaper. 4. He said he had bought a newspaper. 5. He said he would buy a newspaper. 6. He said he could buy a newspaper. 7. He said he might buy a newspaper. 8. He said he had to buy a newspaper. 9. He said he had to buy a newspaper. 10. He told me to buy a newspaper. Other changes in adverbial of time and place.
Direct Speech • • • • • • • • • • here this now today tonight tomorrow next week yesterday last week two days go • • • • • • • • • • Reported Speech there that then that day that night the following day/ the next day the following week the day before/the previous day the week before/the previous week two days before
Change the following sentences into direct speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Hamdan asked me to participate in school workshop. Nia wanted me to return her books that I borrowed. Mr Ardi ordered me not to forget submitting my assignment. Alya said she going to watch a new movie tomorrow. Mrs Zakia told me to meet her in the ofﬁce.
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
Change the following sentences into reported speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Father said, "Open the window." Ms Anissa said, "Don't forget to do your homework." Prasti said, "I'm going to go on a vacation to Medan." Mr. Siregar said, "I want you to help me delivering some books." Bondan said, "I'm happy for you, Renita." Retno said, "You should read the news." Anita asked, "Have you read today headline news?" "I'm will be a freelance reporter," said Andri. Kania said, "I will write an article to the local newspaper." Deni asked, "What is the hot celebrity gossip today."
Read this news and identify the direct speeches. Then change them into reported speech.
Government Reduces Freeport's Output Jakarta: Freeport-Mc-MoRan Copper & Gold Inc., the world's second-largest copper producer, had its maximum ore production permit in Indonesia cut 26 percent on environmental concerns. "The government only approves a Freeport ore output this year of 220,000 tons a day to reduce the impact on the environment," Witoro S. Soelarno, head of mine inspection at the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry, said. The previous limit was 300,000 tons a day, he said. Phoenix-based Freeport produced on average 229,000 tons of copper and gold ore a day from its Grasberg mine in 2006. Freeport's copper ore output in the fourth quarter of 2007 fell to 926 million of recoverable pounds from 1,044 million of recoverable pounds a year earlier, the company said on its Web site. Gold output in the quarter dropped to 186,000 of recoverable ounces from 544,000 of recoverable ounces, it said. — Bloomberg
Taken from The Jakarta Post, April 15 , 2008
Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. If the newspaper talks about more than one event. you will learn how to: • • develop paragraph of a news item text. what. Source: Microsoft Encarta. 2.Writing In this section. This is soon encourage readers to read the newspaper report. 2008 1. • • • • headline caption the events introductory paragraph • • • • date quotes photograph ending statement 1. The … of the newspaper is usually short. 2. write news item text. the most recent event is reported in this paragraph. when and where. simple and catchy. 3 What short of news do you like to read? Do you usually read news headlines? What other parts of a newspaper do you know? Activity 2 Complete the following sentences using the appropriate words given in the box. The … usually answers the questions ‘who'. 148 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .
They are the survivors of one of the biggest cases of great ape smuggling ever detected.3. is an impressive lineup ready to greet fans in Jakarta. There is a series of short paragraphs that provides the details of … 4. several new recipes have been added and old ones revised. 5. Activity 3 Work in pairs and match the following headline to the appropriate news.my-indonesia. A news paper report may contain … that are comments made by people involved in the event. Jamu: from Generation to Generation Kick-boxing Orangutans Return to Jungle Epicenter of Diversity Found Jazz Forecast All Weekend. there 1 It takes an enormous amount of strength and concentration to be able to throw the crown around and to make the peacock feathers wave. The newspaper report may end with an … or comment on the events reported. Along the way. 2 5 They urged more protection for seas 3 around the Bird's Head peninsula at the western end of New Guinea Island from threats including mining and dynamite ﬁshing that can smash coral reefs. there is a … that shows who or what the newspaper report is about. Don't forget Your Umbrella Reog Dance: Battle between Man and Beast 4 In addition to Marina and Coco. 8.info Headline News 149 . Source: www. The … tells us when the newspaper report appeared in the newspapers. Sometimes. The secret of preparation has been passed on from generation to generation by word of mouth. 6. The photograph in a newspaper is usually accompanied by a … 7.
there was a kerosene demand hike. kerosene extra supply. said faisal will be done throughout the nation except in balikpapan and sulawesi. Jakarta: the government asked pt Pertamina to add to the kerosene supply in several areas in indonesia. he said. The kerosene stock is still enough for 29 days What we do is only to limit sales volume.Activity 4 Capitalise and punctuate the following news items. According to him. however. According to him. the kerosene shortage occurred due to the decrease of the quota allocation in the State Budget from 10 million kiloliter to 9. pertamina cooperates with the Agency for Oil and natural gas and the police. he said. after the fasting month. the extra supply is only for subsidized and household kerosene faisal said the additional kerosene will normalize distribution in two or three days. especially Cempaka putih and Tomang. in those areas there is no kerosene shortage. faisal argued that it is said the kerosene shortage is because pertamina is in a stock deﬁcit. At ﬁrst. has not yet been discussed with the House The important thing is.com 150 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . the extra kerosene is around 100000 kiloliter up to the end of year. meet the people's demand he said. This will give kerosene subsidies by between Rp300 billion to Rp250 billion based on the assumption that the subsidy is between Rp3000 and Rp5000 per liter. he said. Source: www. Do it individually. the additional kerosene supply is being carried out starting today until the end of year pertamina's director of marketing and commerce ahmad faisal said vice president jusuf kalla ordered that the kerosene supply is being added in order to meet the people's need. The worst shortages are in Medan and jakarta. pertamina Adds To kerosene supply TEMPO Interactive. Additional supply.9 million kiloliter. To prevent abuse.tempointeraktif. he said after the coordination meeting on the kerosene shortage in the Vice President's palace yesterday. "because. pertamina estimated a declining trend of kerosene consumption.
Mr Sugiarto said the ﬁre had caused over US$70. Rewrite them in your workbook. groups. 7. the ﬁre had spread to the 4th and 5th ﬂoors of the hotel. You can choose one of the following topics. etc Headline News 151 . Mr Iwan Sugiarto. 2008 Source: Tempo. A guest had fallen asleep while smoking a cigarette. but all the other guests escaped safely. last night. 6. Pay attention to the text structure of news item text. debate. By the time the ﬁre department arrived. 5. The hotel manager. sport events outdoors activities extracurricular activities gathering (class.com Activity 6 Look at the following pictures. 4. Then present it to the class. The guest was badly injured in the ﬁre.tempointeraktif. January 23. Then ﬁnd a related news report in a newspaper or magazine based on the pictures. etc) contest (speech. Fire in City Hotel There was a ﬁre at the Plaza Hotel on Jalan Ciomas at 1:30 a. said the ﬁre had started in a guest bedroom.000 worth of damage to the hotel. Source: www. May.m. 2. 1. Most of the 74 guests had already gone to bed when the ﬁre started on the third ﬂoor. etc) technology education. Source: Kompas. 2007 Activity 7 Write a news report for your bulletin board at your school. 3.Activity 5 Work in groups and rewrite the following news report in your own words.
by participants. express surprise. Learning Reﬂection After learning the lesson in this chapter. perform a monologue of news item texts. Generic structure . How do you respond when you hear an amazing news? 3. and amazement. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends 152 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Chapter Summary 1. Now. .Newsworthy event (s) : recounts the event in summary form. write news item texts. 3. . Language Functions Expressions of surprise and amazement • Really? • Good heavens! • Are you serious? • What a surprise! Genre News item Social Function 2. respond to surprise. : to inform readers. 6. in what curriculum stances. and amazement. to whom. 5. listeners or viewers about events of the day which are considered news worthy or important. respond to news item texts.Back ground Events : elaborate what happened. 4. What will you say when you feel surprised? 2. identify factual information in news item texts. you are expected to be able to: 1. What should be included in a news item text? If you ﬁnd some difﬁculties. answer the questions: 1.Sources : Comments. witnesses to and authorities expert on the event. 2.
What a surprise! It's nothing. d. b. Questions 8-12 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. The travelling cost was still the same. Thank you. Of course. 5. It keeps the body healthy.Review 2 7. 10. You’re joking. The travelling cost to Jambi became cheaper. c. d. thank you. Milk contains nearly all the nutrients needed by people. You are going to listen to some short dialogues. c. 4. d. Yeah. What was the effect of the natural disaster to people travelling from Sungai Penuh to Jambi and vice versa? a. c. An earthquake. d. a. c. b. You must be kidding. thank you. There was no effect to the travelling cost. c. a. Well done. 1. a. b. d. d. Thank you. What does milk do to the body? a. No. A mount eruption. Listening Listen carefully to your teacher to answer the questions. c. 9. yeah. 2. Are you kidding? No. b. c. a. c. It keeps the body strong. A. 153 . Thanks. I’m sorry to hear that. Not at all. Tsunami. b. b. What hit a village in Kerinci Regency? a. Rock. A tidal wave. d. What was the cause of the disaster according to a staff of local transportation ofﬁce in Sungai Penuh? a. c. The travelling cost doubled. A landslide. a. Fantastic. I don’t think I can make it. It keeps the body strong and healthy. d. Of course. b. 3. Questions 6-7 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. Incessant rain. Of course. It keeps the body big. Which one is the correct statement according to the text? a. Dirt. Milk contains half of nutrients needed by people. b. Milk contains nothing. Oh. b. Questions 1–5 are based on the dialogues you are going to hear. c. Milk contains all nutrients needed by people. 6. d. b. d. 8.
11. How long did it take to travel along Jambi-Kerinci route? a. Fifteen hours. b. Ffty hours. c. Five hours. d. Ten hours.
12. When was the traffic expected to return to normal? a. On Tuesday. b. On Friday. c. On Thursday. d. On Saturday.
B. Reading Choose the best answer to the following questions. Questions 13-20 are based on the following text. Elephants, Dog and Mice I have never known a dog and an elephant make friends. Elephants will eventually become accustomed to certain dogs in camps, and dogs learn not to bark at them and always to keep out of reach of the slash of a trunk or the kick of a leg. The hatred of elephants for dogs cannot easily be explained. It is possible that they are afraid of dogs biting their trunks, though I do not think such a thing ever happened. It has occurred to me that it might be an instinctive dread of hydrophobia, which is the dread of everyone who keeps a dog in camp, Burman and European Assistant alike. Nevertheless practically every European Assistant keeps a dog and I have almost always had one myself. The elephants hate them and one is always losing one's dog, owing to leopard, tiger, bear and snakes. The tragedies of lost dogs are often an Assistant's ﬁrst experience of real grief. It is easy to ask, why, under such conditions, do you keep a dog? But I know of no other existence where a dog is so necessary as a companion to share every moment of one's life and to drive away loneliness. So far as I know, elephants don't worry about snakes, though the 'oozies' (drivers) believe that a number of elephants calves die of snake-bite. I have had this reported to me many times but in no instance could I ﬁnd any proof. The Burmans believe that the hairs of an elephant's tail pull out very easily after it has been bitten by a snake. But, as this has also to be proved, I was never able to accept it as conclusive evidence that an elephant had been killed by snake-bite. There is a widespread belief that an elephant is really terrified of a mouse. The idea makes an obvious appeal to the human love of paradox. But, if it is true, I can see no reason
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
for it. It certainly cannot be because the elephant is afraid of the mouse getting inside his trunk, since, with one snort, he could eject it like a cork
from a popgun. However, most fears are imaginary and there is no reason why elephants should be immune from such terrors.
Taken from www.aesopfables,com
13. Which of the following, according to the writer, is true about dogs and elephants? a. Sometimes they make friends. b. Elephants like dogs in camp. c. Elephants are afraid of being bitten by a dog. d. The hatred of elephants for dogs cannot be explained at all. 14. It has occurred to me that it might be an instinctive dread of hydrophobia. Hydrophobia . a. is a disease of dogs b. means being afraid of dogs c. is something only the Burmese are afraid of d. is a disease dogs usually catch from humans 15. Why is one always losing one's dog? a. They go off with other animals. b. They chase other animals and get lost. c. They are killed by other animals. d. The elephants frighten them away. 16. Why do Assistants keep dogs? a. The dogs can stand the difﬁcult conditions. b. They need dogs to protect them. c. The Assistants are lonely. d. The dogs are necessary to accompany elephants.
17. What proof is there, according to the writer, that elephants die of snakebite? a. Baby elephants die of it. b. None. c. The tail hairs of a bitten elephant come out very easily. d. There have been many reports of this happening. 18. Which of the following would you say was true? a. Snakes never bite elephants. b. Snakes only bite baby elephants. c. Snakes may bite elephants. d. None of the above. 19. What is the human love of paradox? a. A love of ideas that seem to contradict each other. b. A love of argument. c. A love of small creatures that frighten large ones. d. A love of strangeness. 20. According to what the writer says of elephants and mice, which of the following is correct? a. Elephants are afraid of mice. b. Elephants may be afraid of mice. c. Elephants are immune from the terrors of mice. d. Elephants are never afraid of mice.
Questions 21-28 are based on the following text. Tornado Wreaks Havoc in Semarang Residents assessed the damage after a tornado damaged 150 houses in the district of Tembalang in Semarang, Central Java late on Saturday afternoon. Three people were injured and at least five of the houses in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods were destroyed, while many others were seriously damaged as the tornado ripped off their roofs. Tohirin aka Jayeng, 40, a resident whose house was levelled at the Sendang Asri housing complex, said the winds hit about 4 p.m. "I saw this black wind coming and becoming pointed into a funnel. It suddenly approached and hit my house," he said. Tohirin's wife, two children and mother-in law were in the kitchen at the time when the tornado known locally as "Ulur-ulur" passed over their home, destroying the guest and bedrooms. "It was as if the wind had lifted my home up," Tohirin said. The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. Many other homes in the area lost their roofs and residents and neighbours had started rebuilding on Sunday. Tembalang district head Dayat said the tornado also damaged a small mosque and felled power lines and about 50 trees. His office was still collecting data on the damage, he said. Villagers said the tornado was the worst to hit the district in living memory. Semarang Mayor Sukawi Sutarip and his wife, Sinto Sukawi, visited the scene on Sunday, accompanied by senior ofﬁcials. "We will provide the victims with assistance immediately," the mayoral spokesman Achyani said.
Taken from The Jakarta Post, December 20, 2004
21. When did the tornado hit the district of Tembalang in semarang? a. b. c. On December 17, 2004. On December 18, 2004. On December 19, 2004.
a. b. c.
Less than ﬁve houses. More than ﬁve houses. Five houses. .
d. Three houses. 23. The tornado hit the district a. b. c. in the morning in the afternoon in the evening
d. On December 20, 2004. 22. How many houses were destroyed by the tornado in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods?
d. at midnight
Developing English Competencies for Grade X
A villager of Sendangguwo. The residents and neighbours. c. Tohirin's neighbour. c. The synonym of the italicised word is . Parents need to look for a school that will be a "second home" for their children. The guest and bedrooms. This is when parents pick a school that parallel their educational beliefs. The guest rooms. b. b. The kitchen. Who went to see the scene of disaster on Sunday? a. Their goal is to send their children to good schools as well as to choose extracurricular activities that improve their children's skills and abilities. Achyani. however. The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. students. Sukawi Sutarip. c.24. when children begin preschools and kindergarten. d. his wife and senior ofﬁcials. Questions 29-38 are based on the following text. English is considered Review 2 157 . Sukawi Sutarip. The residents. The bedrooms. Success will be based on how well the "team" works. b. students who develop skill in two or more languages will ﬁnd further studies easier. writing and speaking skills. d. The Tembalang District head. b. b. d. and the schools is established. A resident of the District of Tembalang. In today's world. A joint effort between parents. Dayat. 25. c. These are some important factors that should be considered. Children learn what is important through their school year. 27. the schools become part of the process. Who is Sukawi Sutarip? a. The mayor of Semarang. fortune whirlwind storm d. calamity 26. The mayor of Semarang. d. from the time of birth. a. The question then becomes what should parents consider in choosing the best education for their children? When should the process begin? The answer is. Which parts of Tohirin's house were destroyed? a. 28. Who rebuilt the damaged homes? a. It is very important that students have good reading comprehension. Preparing the Children Today for Tomorrow Parents strive to have their children academically competitive. c.
What should we do if a dual language programme isn't available at school? 37. What should the teacher do to activate the language acquisition? 158 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . parents may need to look at different ways to get the needed language instruction. Language acquisition needs to be active. If a dual language programmes isn't available. Students who develop more than one language have an advantage over competitors applying for college place ment. French and German are necessary for many students are now looking at opportunities in Europe. In what age should the children study a second language? 36. However one cannot develop a second language unless one develops his or her ﬁrst language. 2007 Answer the following questions based on the text above. Therefore. Taken from The Jakarta Post. A good school will begin with oral language at the earliest opportunity to develop speaking confi dence and to set grammatical structures. The more active in each language students become the more proﬁcient and conﬁdent they will be. Studies show that children between the ages of two and six best acquire a second language parallel to their own. or is too expensive. Why is Mandarin important? 35. starting students in school offering dual language instruction programmes have an advantage. Mandarin is becoming more important as China begins to move into world economy. The earlier a second language is learned. A school is considered to be a "second home" for the children. What is meant by the "team"? 32. When a child learn two languages in parallel. When do children start the process of learning? 31. vocabulary and grammatical structures are easier to acquire. What language should you study if you want to continue your study in Europe? 34. 29. What is the advantage of dual language programme? 38. the less problem a child will have with improper word use. Success will be based on how well the "team" work.the business language of today and is important for students who plan to attend university in English speaking countries. Why do parents tend to send their children to good schools? 30. What is the meaning of "second home"? 33.
Use for. Just pick me up at seven. . he looses it Here are the parts of news items from The Jakarta Post. 47. The national museum is visited by the students. I'm really I work in the 48. A : . She plans to go to a movie it's raining. that. They must never leave their own residential areas or neighbourhoods. (said while showing the shoes he wears) Complete the following sentences with appropriate expressions. A : Congratulations on your success of getting a scholarship. I sleep in the class sleepy. ! B 51. B : I'd love to. Change the following sentences into passive voice and vice versa 39. but. after or nor to connect the sentences below. those or these to complete the sentences. A B 53. or or so to connect the sentences below. We suggest that police start to develop a new approach to dealing with abductions and better protection of our children. She said. Review 2 159 . 41. Match them with their headlines. Yeah. as anybody could kidnap their children anywhere. 50. 46. 43. Put this. What's the matter? Britney Spears will marry me.C. "I don't know anything about the robbery. The teacher gave the students a new book. In the end." 42. A B 52. 45. 54. Alarm bells are ringing for parents to be alert. Use and. He buys a ruler on the way home. A B : : : : : : : 44. who else can children rely on to protect them. anytime. before. 49. . I know her same place with her. 40. The man said (that) he had been sleeping when the storm had come. Change the following sentences into reported speech and vice versa. books are mine. Writing Do the following tasks based on the instructions. My uncle has had an accident. please. (said while pointing out the books on the table) pair of shoes is broken. I have to inform you.
A man begging at a mosque in Yemen was exposed as not being destitute as he pretended when his mobile started ringing inopportunely. c. We pray hard. We work hard.55. Bogor and Tangerang. e. 58. Torrential rain since August 19. Take her home and make her happy. b. As if that had not been our intention all along. the gang members claimed that they had experience in abducting and killing children particularly in Jakarta. 57. According to the parents of the victim. Floods Displace More than 7. sweeping away hundreds of animals and destroying a large number of properties in Gewani area of Northeast Ethiopia. Her illness is now at an advanced stage. has caused the Awash river to overﬂow its banks.000 People Protecting Our Children Mobile Phone Gives Away Beggar My Mother Has Cancer d. Sadistic Kidnappers 160 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The Yemen news agency said the embarrassed man beat a quick retreat after worshippers found his phone ringing inside the bag. Spare us cliches like the God-awful one that a doctor gave me recently–after she collapsed and had to be taken to the emergency unit. The Headlines a. We laugh hard. 56.
Ready to Write. Comber. Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. 2000. London: Oxford University Press. New York: Pearson Education. Selangor: Mutiara Cemerlang. Elaine (ed. Hartmann. Harris.). New Jersey: Primedia Reference.Bibliography Books Alexander. Doddy. Selangor: Pelanduk Publication. 2006. Ibrahim. 2003. 161 . New York: McGraw-Hill/Contemporary. 2003. Bandung: Graﬁndo Media Pratama. 1994. Michael et al. Singapore: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. Interactions I: A Communicative Grammar. 2000. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. Favourite Stories from Singapore. Singapore: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. English Form 4. L. Standar Isi.G. Favourite Stories from Taiwan. Mellgren. Elaine and Darcy Jack. 2002. Israel. Cambridge English for School. 2000. Intermediate Stories for Reproduction. 1990. Achmad et. Andrew and Diana Hicks. Irene-Anne and Jenny Watson. Blundell. 1990. Opportunities Elementary. English Form 3. 1999. A. 1990. Little John. 2002. Practice and Progress: An Integrated Course for Pre-Intermediate Students. New Horizons in English 4: Second Edition. 1988. Kirn. Hock. Second Edition. Jon et al. Lars and Michael Walker. Leon and Charles Shuttleworth. Farida J and Beatrice ThiyagaRajah. Balanchard Karen. Jakarta: Pustaka Ilmu. 2003. Interactions Access: Reading/ Writing. Root Christine. Yogyakarta: Kanisius. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited. Hill. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. L. al. The World Almanac for Kids 2000. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. English for SMA Volume 2. Monteiro. Pamela and James Mentel. 1981. Function in English. Tan Soon et al.
com http://www.com http://www. 1993. Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Brown. Readings to Remember. 2005.com 162 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .express.com/english http://www.com http://www. Judith et al. 2002. Michael.). May 2.info http://www.thejakartapost.org http://www. Singapore: Oxford University Press. 2005 The Jakarta Post. Rob. New York: Macmillan. May 10. Watson.uk http://www.wordpress. Practical English Usage.masham3d.indonesiaheadline.breakingnewsenglish. New York: McGraw-Hill/Contemporary.Nolasco. The World Book Encyclopedia.aesopfables. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2007.wikipedia.my-indonesia. World Book. Oshima. Schlakman. The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. March 8.english.joglosemar. Solomon (ed. 2008 The Jakarta Post.com http://www. Swan. 1983. Tanka.com http://www. January 18. 2004.ﬁles. April 15.ac http://www.co. 2005 Time.com http://www. London: Brown Watson Publishing CD-ROM Encyclopaedia Britannica. Reading. 366 and More Fairy Tales. Interactions 1: Listening/Speaking.grimmfairytales. Fourth Edition.com http://www. 2006 The Jakarta Post. 2007 Deluxe Edition Microsoft Encarta Reference Library. London: Oxford University Press.short-stories. Streetwise: Intermediate Student's Book. Writing Academic English: A Writing and Sentence Structure Workbook for International Students.about. 2008 Periodicals Publishers Weekly. 2004 The Jakarta Post January 27.com http://www. 2006. 2008 Websites http://www. 2004.write. Inc.unitechnology. London: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. 1997.canauthorsniagara. Inc. Alice and Ann Hogue. December 29.photobucket. USA: World Book. 2004 The Jakarta Post.org http://www.
com Microsoft Encarta. 1996 The Almanac for Kids 2000. May.Photo Credits Chapter 1 page 1 page 2 Chapter 2 page 25 page 37 page 38 page 49 Chapter 3 page 51 page 52 page 56 page 57 Chapter 4 page 79 page 83 page 85 Chapter 5 page 103 page 105 page 106 page 110 page 112 page 114 page 124 page 126 page 127 Chapter 6 page 129 page 134 page 137 page page page page 140 142 148 151 Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation Publishers Weekly. 23. 1994 Publisher's Documentation CD Images Childcraft: Make and Do. December 29. 2005. 1997 Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation ML calendar catalogue. 2008 Kompas January.photobucket. 1992 Tempo. 2006 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. May 10. 2008 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2007 Bibliography 163 . March 8. 2000 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2003 Publisher's Documentation www. 2004 Publishers Weekly. 1999 Publisher's Documentation 366 and More Fairy Tales. 2008 Tempo Kompas. May 10. The Jakarta Post. 2002 Microsoft Encarta. 2006 Cambridge for Schools.football-walpapers.com Earthquakes. 2006 www. 2004 Kancil and Cucumber. November 23-29. 2006 Microsoft Encarta. 2004. Time. 2006 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.
intricacy. relating to.Glossary accelerator /əkˈseləˈreɪtə / (n): a device (as a pedal) for controlling the speed of a motor vehicle engine appetite/ˈæpətaɪt/ (n): any of the instinctive desires necessary to keep up organic life. caricature. or humour 2: comic strip cellular /'seljʊlə/ (adj): of. relating to. speciﬁcally: government bake /beɪk/ (v): 1: to cook (as food) by dry heat especially in an oven 2: to dry or harden by subjecting to heat barrier /ˈbærɪə/ (n): something material that blocks or is intended to block passage bear /beə/ (n): any of a family (Ursidae of the order Carnivora) of large heavy mammals of America and Eurasia that have long shaggy hair. and plantigrade feet and feed largely on fruit and insects as well as on ﬂesh bear /beə/ (v): to put up with especially without giving way (couldn't bear the pain) blacksmith /'blækˌsmɪɵ/(n): a smith who forges iron blossom /'blɒsəm/ (n): the state of bearing ﬂowers broil /brɔɪl/ (v): to cook by direct exposure to radiant heat: grill cartoon /kɑ:'tu:n/ (n): 1: a drawing intended as satire. especially the desire to eat appointment /əpɔɪnmənt/ (n): an arrangement for a meeting approach /əˈprəʊtʃ/ (v): to come very near to armour /ˈɑ:rmər/ (n): defensive covering for the body. or produced by chemistry chop /tʃɒp/ (v): to cut into pieces claim /kleɪm/ (v): to assert in the face of possible contradiction clot /klɒt/ (v): to undergo a sequence of complex chemical and physical reactions that results in conversion of ﬂuid blood into a coagulated mass: coagulate clutch /klʌtʃ/ (n): a coupling used to connect and disconnect a driving and a driven part of a mechanism collapse /kə'læps/ (v): to break down completely collision /kə'liʒn/ (n): an act or instance of colliding: clash completion /kəm'plɪ:ʃn/ (n): the act or process of completing complication /ˌkɒmplə'keɪʃn/ (n): complexity. especially: a situation or a detail of character complicating the main thread of a plot compound /'kɒmpaʊnd/ (n): something formed by a union of elements or parts content /kæ'ntent/ (adj): satisfy convert /'kən'vɜ:t/ (v): to change from one form or function to another cottage /'kɒtɪdʒ/ (n): a usually small frame one-family house 164 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . rudimentary tails. especially: covering (as of metal) used in combat authority /ɔ:ɵɒrɪti/ (n): persons in command. or being a radiotelephone system in which a geographical area (as a city) is divided into small sections each served by a transmitter of limited range so that any available radio channel can be used in different parts of the area simultaneously character /'kærəktə/ (n): one of the attributes or features that make up and distinguish an individual chemical /'kemɪkl/ (adj): of. used in.
and placeless tale circulated orally among a people furious /'fjʊəriəs/ (adj): exhibiting or goaded by anger gathering /'gæðəriŋ/ (n): assembly. or normality cut off /kʌt ɒf/ (v): separate. timeless. desirability. soundness. loss. quality. isolate dangerous /'deɪndʒərəs/ (adj): exposing to or involving danger decline /dɪ'klaɪn/ (v): to tend toward an inferior state or weaker condition defence /dɪ'fens/ (n): the act or action of defending deﬁciency /dɪ'fɪʃənsi/ (adj): the quality or state of being deﬁcient: inadequacy deposit /dɪ'pɒzət/ (v): to place especially for safe keeping or as a pledge deserve /dɪ'zɜ:v/ (v): to be worthy of: merit devastation /ˌdevə'steɪʃn/ (n) desolation by violent action dig /dɪg/ (v): to hollow out or form by removing earth: excavate direction /dɪ'rekʃn/ (n): the line or course on which something is moving or is aimed to move or along which something is pointing or facing disaster /dɪ'zɑ:stə/ (n): a sudden calamitous event bringing great damage. or destruction. or attractiveness erupt /ɪ'rʌpt/ (v): to force out or release suddenly and often violently something (as lava or steam) that is pent up excellent /'eksələnt/ (adj): very good of its kind: eminently good: ﬁrst-class folk tale /fəʊk 'teil/ (n): a characteristically anonymous. broadly disease /dɪ'zɪ:z/ (n): a condition of the living animal or plant body or of one of its parts that impairs normal functioning: sickness. meeting glimpse /glɪmps/ (n): a ﬂeeting view or look gloomy /'glu:mi/ (adj): lacking in promise or hopefulness: pessimistic gore /gɔ:/ (v): to pierce or wound with something pointed (as a horn or knife) grain /greɪn/ (n): the seeds or fruits of various food plants including the cereal grasses and in commercial and statutory usage other plants headline /'hedlaɪn/ (n): 1: a head of a newspaper story or article usually printed in large type and giving the gist of the story or article that follows 2: plural: front-page news heavy /'hevi/ (n): having great weight honest /'ɑnɪst/ (adj): free from fraud or deception: legitimate. especially: to increase or improve in value. increase. truthful horn /hɔ:n/ (n): a usually electrical device that makes a noise Glossary 165 .countryside /'kʌntrisaɪd/ (n): a rural area couple /'kʌpl/ (n): two persons paired together crash /kræʃ/ (n): a breaking to pieces by or as if by collision crash /kræʃ/ (v): to break violently and noisily: smash cope with /kəʊp wɪð/ (v): to deal with and attempt to overcome problems and difﬁculties crown prince /kraʊn prɪns/ (n): a male heir apparent to a crown or throne cubic /'kju:bɪk/ (n): the regular solid of six equal square sides curb /kɜ:b/ (v): to check or control with or as if with a curb cure /kjʊə/ (v): to restore to health. malady enhance /ɪn'hɑ:ns/ (v): heighten.
horrible /'hɒrɪbəl/ (adj): extremely unpleasant or disagreeable huge /hju:dʒ/ (adj): very large or extensive improve /ɪm'pru:v/ (v): to enhance in value or quality: make better incidence /'ɪnsɪdəns/ (n): occurrence interest /'ɪntrɪst/ (n): a feeling that accompanies or causes special attention to an object or class of objects: concern intestinal /ɪn'testɪnl/ (n): affecting. speciﬁcally: the sum of the processes by which an animal or plant takes in and utilizes food substances opposite /'ɒpəzɪt/ (adj): set over against something that is at the other end or side of an intervening line or space orientation /ˌɔ:rɪən'teɪʃn/ (n): the act or process of orienting or of being oriented outlook /'aʊtlʊk/ (n): point of view outstanding /'aʊt'stændiŋ/ (n): marked by eminence and distinction oxidation /ˌɒksɪ'deɪʃn/ (n): the act or process of oxidizing parsley /'pɑ:sli/ (n): a European biennial herb (Petroselinum crispum) of the carrot family that is widely cultivated for its leaves which are used as a culinary herb or garnish 166 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . group. occurring. especially: objects of precious metal often set with gems and worn for personal adornment kidnap /'kɪdnæp/ (v): to seize and detain or carry away by unlawful force or fraud and often with a demand for ransom sually high sea wave that sometimes follows an earthquake. especially: one popularly regardedas historical although not veriﬁable librarian /laɪ'breəriən/ (n): a specialist in the care or management of a library liquid /'lɪkwɪd/ (n): a ﬂuid (as water) that has no independent shape but has a deﬁnite volume and does not expand indeﬁnitely and that is only slightly compressible loyalty /'lɔɪəlti/ (n): the quality or state or an instance of being loyal lug nut /lu:ʒ nʌt/ (n): a nut used to secure a wheel on an automotive vehicle magniﬁcent /mæg'nɪfɪsənt/ (adj): impressive to the mind or spirit mash /mæʃ/ (v): to subject (as crushed malt) to the action of water with heating and stirring in preparing wort massive /'mæsɪv/ (adj): bulky meal /mi:l/ (n): an act or the time of eating a portion of food to satisfy appetite melt /melt/ (v): to reduce from a solid to a liquid state usually by heat merchant /'mɜ:tʃənt/ (n): a buyer and seller of commodities for proﬁt: trader narrative /'nærətɪv/ (n): something that is narrated: story network /'netwɜ:k/ (n): an interconnected or interrelated chain. an unusual rise of water along shore due to strong winds legend /'ledʒənd/ (n): a story coming down from the past. or living in the intestine invite /ɪn'vaɪt/ (v): to request the presence or participation of jack /dʒæk/ (n): something that supports or holds in position jewellery /dʒu:əlri/ (n): jewels. or system news /nju:z/ (n): a report of recent events nowhere /'nəʊweə/ (adv): not in or at any place nutrition /nju:'triʃn/ (n): the act or process of nourishing or being nourished.
a building or area for showing motion pictures thief /ɵi:f/ (n): one that steals especially stealthily or secretly.pasta /'pæstə/ (n): a dish of cooked pasta peel /pi:l/ (v): to strip off an outer layer of plug /plʌg/ (v): to stop. especially: rumour wildﬁre /'waɪldfaɪə/ (n): very rapidly will /wɪl/ (n): desire. a compressed abdomen. or precious metals) stored up or hoarded useless /'ju:sləs/ (adj): having or being of no use: victim /'vɪktɪm/ (n): one that is injured. and a long spiny rostrum tape /teɪp/ (n): a narrow ﬂexible strip or band: as a: adhesive tape b: magnetic tape terriﬁc /tə'rɪfɪk/ (adj): extraordinary theatre /ɵɪətə/ (n): a building for dramatic performances. or secure by inserting a plug procedure /'prə'sidʒə/ (n): 1: a particular way of accomplishing something or of acting b: a step in a procedure 2: series of steps followed in a regular deﬁnite order quarrel /'kwɒrəl/ (n): a usually verbal conﬂict between antagonists: altercation question /'kwestʃən/ (v): to interrogate intensively: cross-examine recipe /'resɪpi/ (n): a set of instructions for making something from various ingredients recount /'rɪ:kaʊnt/ (n): a second or fresh count requirement /rɪ'kwaɪəmənt/ (n): something wanted or needed: necessity reward /rɪ'wɔ:d/ (n): something that is given in return for good or evil done or received and especially that is offered or given for some service or attainment rumour /'ru:mə/ (n): talk or opinion widely disseminated with no discernible source sandwiches /'sænwɪdʒɪz/ (n): two or more slices of bread or a split roll having a ﬁlling in between b: one slice of bread covered with food scenery /'sə:nəri/ (n): a picturesque view or landscape science-ﬁction /'saɪənsfikʃn/ (n): ﬁction dealing principally with the impact of actual or imagined science on society or individuals or having a scientiﬁc factor as an essential orienting component shelter /'ʃeltə/ (n): something that covers or affords protection shrimp /ʃrɪmp/ (n): any of numerous mostly small and marine decapod crustaceans (suborders Dendrobranchiata and Pleocye-mata) having a slender elongated body. jewels. or sacriﬁced under any of various conditions village /'vɪlidʒ/ (n): a settlement usually larger than a hamlet and smaller than a town wealth /welɵ/ (n): all property that has a money value or an exchangeable value whisper /'wɪspə/ (v): something communicated by or as if by whispering. make tight. destroyed. wish wolf /wʊlf/ (n): any of various large predatory canids (genus Canis) that live and hunt in packs and resemble the related dogs wrap /ræp/ (v): to cover especially by winding or folding Glossary 167 . treasure /'treʒə/ (n): wealth (as money.
41 Watson. 30. 174 procedure 57. 165. 102. 169. 139. 37. 122. 25. 142. 122. 7. 167 reported speech 145. 80. 177. 8. 101. 148. 143. 184. 159 pleasure 81. 96. 136. 108. 134. 109. 60. 4. 80. 26. 24. 135. 125 descriptive 107. 26. 85. 117. 98. 88. L. 103. 171. 170 headline 82. 28. 82. 8. 129. 84. 101. 81. 91. 178 invitation 53. Michael 92 Little John. 135. 134. 169. 129. 184 L legend 36. 112. 135. 166. 166 news item 151. 174. 29. 99. 92. 130. 98. 40. 4. 111. 85. 55. Root Christine 14 Alexander. 146 E events 11. 145. 132. 148. 33. 50. 90. 93. 67. 117. 184 I instruction 2. 152 F fable 37. 78. 16 Balanchard Karen. 140. 125 direct speech 145. 10. Solomon 89 Effendi 90 Harris. 84. Lars and Michael Walker 13. 3. 8. 34 appointment 54. 93.Index Index of Subject A affection 28. 50. Brown 83 Schlakman. 104. 63. 42. 10. 41. 102 compliment 78. 165. 31. 71. 37. 100. 3. 115. 66. 78. 174 congratulate 79. 9. 72. 181 surprise 53. 79. 172. 70. 112. 152 O orientation 15. 59. 85. 142. 159 S story 75. Andrew and Diana Hicks 110 168 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 170. 40. 22. 41. 147. 91. 46. 166 N narrative 14. 179. 98. 82. 10 passive voice 96. 167 recount 141. 138. 137. 115. 86 D description 106. 83. 9. 128. 116. 147. 94. 43. 152. 158 introduce 3. 179 G gratitude 75. 94. 166 P parting 2. 102. 173. 3. 4. 102. 27. 97. 9. 68. 164 complication 41. 73 R recipe 66. 24. 31. 61 C character 13. 10 H happiness 25. T text structure 15. 153. 139. 16. 141. 100. 80. 176 sympathy 78. 101. 130. 74.G 17 Thurber James 30 Leon and Charles Shuttleworth 39. 177. 149. 101. 50. 31. 99. 75. 107. 175. 15. 89. 131. 81. 151 Index of Author Molgana. 171. 82. 162. 184 greeting 2. 116. 4. Agus 11 Mellgren.
so you like cooking? I like cooking too. Dian : Good morning. it's nice to hear your story. Santi. Unfortunately I couldn't afford to buy a surﬁng board because it was too expensive. Mirna : Anyway. Fany : That's O. I went to the merchandise shops and bought some stuffs there.Tapescripts Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You Activity 2 No. Nice to meet you. Hello. Nice to see you. Lina : No. they introduce each other. A girl : Excuse me.K. Santi.. where did you go on the last holiday? Toni : Well. nice to meet you too. I also played football and sand with my brother. shorts. What did you do there? Toni : My family and I spent four nights there in a bungalow in Kuta beach. How are you? My name is . See you later.. Mirna : What did you do before you left Bali? Toni : On the last day. My name's Desi. 5. Then. I had a great vacation there. and also traditional clothes. I hope that I can also visit Bali someday. I'm Rendi. It's a wonderful place with beautiful beaches and sceneries. Activity 5 Lina is reading a book in the city park. right? I saw your name in the students' list of my class. Toni. Activity 4 1. I bought shirts. I must go now. By the way. I swam and surfed on the beach. Lina : Hi. There is someone approaching her. what book is that? Dian : This is a book about cooking. Lina. Andi. 2. Mirna : Wow. 169 . Wina. Take care. 6. 4. Let me introduce you to Lina. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. Bye. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fany. Rian : Oh. It sounds great. Lina. this is Santi. I went to Bali. Allow me to introduce myself. How do you do? 4. Mari Memasak Sendiri. nice to meet you again after long holiday. Toni : Hello. 1. Rian : Bye. Activity 8 Mirna : Hi. Good morning. Lina : See you. My name is Rudi. 5. 3. My name is Lina. 2. Do you mind if I sit beside you? I'm waiting my friend. Santi : Hi. How do you do? Nice to meet you. Mirna : Well. We are in the same class. so I have a friend to share with. too. Fany : Well. Mirna. 3. Hi. It's OK. She interrupts them. Santi and I have to go right now. Mirna : What else did you do there? Toni : The next morning I visited another small island around Bali on a boat.. I'm sorry I'm late. this Lina. Anyway. A girl : Hi. Dian : Really? Good. Rian : Good morning. Dian : Nice to meet you too. right. Fany. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. I'm Dian. See you later. Words Introduce Introducing Greeting Meeting Parting Farewell Expressions Good morning. Santi : Hi. I'm Fany. Let me introduce myself. She meets Rian. Rian : Yeah. It was a great experience to see many beautiful places and have a talk with tourists there. My name is Rian. Activity 3 Today is the ﬁrst day at school for Dian.
swam 7. Did you hear that Rudi fell off when he was riding his motorcycles? Andi : Oh really? How awful! What happened? Deni : He was riding in a big storm. but no tourists. It was a really great place. April. It was much quiet there than here–very beautiful. 8. I'm very sorry to hear that! That is a pity/shame! Are you OK? What a terrible situation! Please accept my condolences! happy happiness bad news sympathy affection terrible condolence 6. Our teacher's father just passed away. 3. Just a note to let you know that we had a wonderful holiday in Bali. 2. your father said that he would take you to the department store. I'm so happy. 5. had 4. I swam two or three times a day. as I said. 5. Words 1.Activity 9 1. Hani : Hooray! That's great. It gives me satisfaction. visited Activity 10 Yogyakarta Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That Activity 2 No. At ﬁrst I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks. but my brother Fachri just spent all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed. did 3. Can you believe it? Most days were pretty lazy. You win a free ticket to Bali. I hope. but it was fun to try. was 2. 3. Last Saturday I got on the bus and get to the north and of the island. I'm so happy. See you soon. Fachri actually spoke it quite well. went 5. Mom? Mother : Perhaps after dinner. there wasn't much left. bought 8. The people are friendly. 4. Andi. but he was afraid to open his mouth. 1st 2008 Expressions It's really great. good news 2. Hani : Thanks for your praise. and the weather's a lot better than at home. Dialogue 2 Deni : Hi. so I was the one who talked to people. Frankly we both are so proud for your performance at school. My brother got an accident last night. I learn) Balinese–I still can't say much. Mom. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Mother : My dear daughter. surfed 9. When I got back to town. I am also happy to have parents like you both. left 6. the food's great. 170 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . My father bought me a motorcycle. I'm so blessed to be your Mom. Mother : You are a wonderful daughter for us. You know what. well. When do we go there. Aisha Activity 11 I was driving along the coast road when the car suddenly lurched to one side. The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car. He must have skidded in the rain. 4. Love to your parents. Activity 3 1. Dear Evi and Andi. played 10. I'm delighted to hear that. 7. The next day we went across to the east coast saw some of the old villages. Father will buy a new pair of shoes for you. Your friend hurt himself when playing football. Hani : Thanks Mom.
"My sons. I'm reading Aesop's fables. the little girl came along and she was carrying a basket of food. It's my job to help everyone who needs books in this library. The little girl said yes she was. I am Lita. (Panji and Boni go to the corner shelves. Panji : Thank you very much.Andi Deni Andi Deni : : : : Andi : Deni : Andi : Oh that's too bad.. so he decided to teach them a lesson. He broke his legs. Rendy got a serious cancer disease?" 6." Tapescripts 171 . Boni : Let me help you. on the TV news. My name is Putra I like reading comics. I'll see him in the hospital right away. Now.) These are the books that you need. "You are excellent and brilliant. I'm interested in reading legends. He took the sticks and gave them to his eldest son and asked him to break them. All of them are folk tale books. 2 3.000 credit bonus. The other sons tried and were also unsuccessful." 4. "Yesterday. "I've lost my wallet somewhere. a big wolf waited in the dark forest for a little girl to come along carrying a basket of food to her grandmother. hmmm . if you are of one mind.. "Congratulations. 100. I like to read fable. She had approached no nearer than twenty-ﬁve feet from the bed when she saw that it was not her grandmother but the wolf. Taken from Readings to Remember. you will be like these sticks together. "Rendi was knocked down by a car. and unite to assist each other. was he? He was. Activity 6 Boni : Hi. When the little girl opened the door of her grandmother's house. Activity 8 The Little Girl and the Wolf James Thurber One afternoon. The story and the adventure is interesting. I am Ridwan. "Well done. You get a free ticket for this holiday. Bon. Finally. So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived and the little girl told him and he disappeared into the woods." 8. The father said. Boni : Don't mention it.on it. He couldn't even stand up. I saw a bad thunder storm in California. 4. "Are you carrying that basket to your grandmother?" asked the wolf. I like Sangkuriang story." 2. "I heard that Budi was in jail. Was he badly injured? Sure." 5. Panji. He wasn't.. The eldest son tried with all his strength but was not able to do it... he was such in pain. you will be broken as easily as a single stick. she saw there was somebody in bed with a nightcap and nightgown on." 3. My name's Fitra. Activity 7 1. That's very kind of you.its a bout superhero. You got a great mark for the ﬁnal test. but if you are divided among yourselves. So the little girl took an automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead. The title is Uzumaki Naruto. That's terrible. they are on the corner shelves.000. But i don't know where to ﬁnd them. I'm looking for some books for my assignments. Panji : Thank you. for even in a nightcap a wolf doesn't look anymore like your grandmother than Metro-Goldwyn lion looks like Calvin Coolidge. I need some books about folk tale. Boni : Folk tale books . He had no luck trying to stop their arguments with words. Where is he now? Is he in the hospital? He is still in the Emergency Unit of Sumber Waras Hospital. What I don't know where to ﬁnd them. It's got Rp. 2004 Activity 5 1. He was in hospital for ﬁve weeks. Right now I am reading new series of Harry Potter. Many people died and got serious injured. Activity 9 The Father and His Sons A father had a family of sons who were always ﬁghting. He told his sons to bring him a bunch of sticks. "Did you hear that Mr. What can I do for you? Panji : Hello. He was arrested for trafﬁc violence" 7. You get Rp 10.
Mr Posuma : Hello. Lina : No. my name is Lina. I'd like to. and watching drama. I have nothing to do. but I can't come. Dr Fauzi : Hi Andre. Nice to meet you. I think . Finally. Let's meet at ﬁve. • Put a slice of butter on each slice. What are they about? Are they interesting? Arief : If I tell you now. Arief and Rita have a chat. Fauzi. but I've got an exam tomorrow. They enjoy reading stories. Let's meet at ten o'clock tomorrow morning. Do you want some? (She hands a sandwich to Lina) Lina : Thank you. I'm sorry I'm late. (Lina takes the sandwich. Mr Posuma : Alright. After a long silence. Bye. • Take two slices of bread. She interrupts them. How about tomorrow morning? 8. Activity 8 1. • Put the other piece of bread on the top. He had a friend. Dr Fauzi : OK. There is someone approaching her. Thank you for asking me. It's OK. it won't surprise you.) It's very delicious. Santi : Hi. Dr Fauzi : Bye. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Arief and Rita are fond of literature.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come? Activity 2 Doni : We're having a party on Saturday night. who always sees him for general check up. Activity 3 1. A girl : Excuse me.. 7. put the other piece on the top. Spread butter on each piece. 10. Mr Andre Posuma is informed by her secretary that there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon. novels. please. Can I help you? Mr Posuma : I'd like to have a general check up. It has been two months since my last visit to you. Would you like to come? Susi : Certainly. Andre. I'd love to come. Do you mind if I sit here? I'm waiting for my friend. I'm free on Tuesday afternoon. Doni : Great. decide. great. Then.00 in the morning. Dr Fauzi : See you. Would you like to come to lunch on Saturday? 2. This is about our appointment. won't you? 3. The girl : I'm Fanny. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fani. Would you come to my house to enjoy them? Rita : I'd love to. Shall we have dinner this evening at my house? 5. take two pieces of bread. Then. Rita : Wow. You will come to my birthday. One day. Would you like to come to my house? Rita : Really? Tell me. Fauzi. Arief : I've got a new interesting novel and VCD of a drama performance. Arief : I've got a plan for tomorrow. he calls Mr Iwan Fauzi to cancel his appointment. Fany : That's OK. 172 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I'll decide to come or not. 9. Susi. place the slices on one piece of the bread. First. Mr Posuma : I'll be there. I'm very sorry.. I'll promise I'll be there. Lina : Could you tell me how to make this sandwich? Fany : OK. Then. Nice to meet you too. • Cut some cheese into slices. We can meet next time. Thank you very much. See you. that's OK. This is Andre. Dr Fauzi : What's wrong? Mr Posuma : Mmm… actually. Lina continues her reading. I'd love to. Now. • Place the slices on a piece of bread. Mr Posuma : Hello. I will attend a meeting. Ten minutes later. The girl : I brought some sandwiches. Activity 7 Lina is reading a book in the city park. I don't think I can come to your party. I'm sorry I can't make it. Lina : It's very simple. the girl offers something. Dialogue 2 Dr Iwan Fauzi was a well-known doctor. 6. cut cheese into slices. I'll be at your house at 8. 4. Fany. Dr Fauzi : Well. Arief : Do you have a plan for tomorrow holiday? Rita : Too bad. By the way. It's me. After that. See you there. his friend calls him. On the way home. Mr Andre Posuma.
6. and four level teaspoons of sugar in the coffee pot. It Could Be Worse I entered the hotel manager's ofﬁce and sat down. you put the four heaped teaspoons of coffee in the coffee pot. 8. How do you do? What does Mr Black say? 3. Activity 9 Instruction: 1. "there is still some honesty in this world!' Taken from Practice and Progress. the coffee will rise slowly up to the top of the pot. He started to complain about this wicked world but was interrupted by a knock at the door. 1. or else it'll overﬂow and make a terrible mess. Then you light the gas. 1994 Tapescripts 173 . 5. Alex : Good morning. Mr Smith : I don't think we've met before. 3. Cut inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. 3. say you want to make four cups of coffee. Push the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. Jim : Don't mention it.' The manager was sympathetic. Put an egg into the water. See? OK? Andre : Yes. How are you today? Dani : Good morning. Fold up the point at the end to make a tail. Then. You will have a crease in the centre. Activity 11 1. 3. When it starts to boil. Place the paper on a ﬂat surface with one corner on top in the shape of a diamond.' I said. 4. James : Thanks for your help. Fold over the right side to meet the left side. Now fold down the top point to make a small triangle. Draw two lines from one corner to another of the paper. thanks. but he could do nothing. OK? You put four cups of cold water. "I found this outside this gentleman's room. • • • • • • • • • • Put some tea into a teapot. Jim. So. Now. Pour it into a glass or cup. 4.' he said. you take it off the stove. A girl came in and put an envelope on his desk. then unfold it. 2. I'm ﬁne. anyway you put the pot back on the stove and let the coffee come back to the boil very slowly. What does Dina say before she refuses the invitation? 5. What does Andi say when he gives the pen? 4. 5. "I left the money in my room. What you have should look like a kite. Activity 10 Andre : How do you make Turkish coffee? What do you have to do exactly? Jim : Well. How do you do? Mr Black : I'm Black. Fold the lower left and lower right sides so they meet at the crease.' she said. What does Dani say to reply to Alex's greeting? 2. Heat the water. Ali : Can I borrow your pen? Andi : Sure. 7. 2. Review 1 The following short dialogues are for questions 1 to 5. Leave it for three minutes. Fold the point on the left over to meet the right point. Take out the egg and let it cool.2.' I said to the manager. It contained £50. Turn the shape so that the long side is facing you. you should pour back the water that you poured off earlier–this helps to make the grounds settle. What does James say? The following text is for questions 6 to 10. "Well. "and it's not there now. it's very important not to put the coffee in before you've poured some water off. You can now blow on the pinwheel and watch it spining. Jim. and when it reaches the top. Add boiling water. Put some water in a pot. I had just lost £50 and I felt very upset. Fold over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. would you like to go to the movie with me? Dina : Thanks anyway but I'm busy right now. Santi : Din. ‘Everyone's losing money these days. and put the coffee on the stove and pour a bit of the water into one of the cups. and stir it. I'm Smith. thanks a lot. Here it is. Add some sugar or milk. Boil the water for three minutes. Draw a face on your whale. OK? Before you pour the coffee out. Make your folds as sharp as possible.
• Congratulations! • Congratulations on your …. 2001 Chapter 4 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well Activity 2 Words 1. Desi : That's great. I passed my ﬁnal exam 5.' Just then. the farmer's youngest son ran in. 1996 The following text is for questions 13 to 17. the boy started eating the chicken's legs greedily. this is really delicious. 1. Andi : Thank you very much. • I like your hair style! • You're terriﬁc/fantastic. I got a scholarship to study abroad. It is me.' The landowner thought that he had been served a long-dead chicken. he meets Desi. Desi. Activity 5 • What a charming dress! • That's a very nice coat! • You look nice. 3. 4. It's my pleasure. 2. Move around on Tin-Can Stilts You will need: • 2 large coffee or dried milk tins • 4 metres plastic clothes line Step 1 : Ask an adult to punch two holes near the unopened end of each tin. "Oh. Andi. 7. 174 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Well done! How extremely nice of you to say so. 3. 3.' "Why are you eating the dead chicken?' asked the surprised landowner. You are so kind. I got the highest score for the test. I guess it's just my luck. You know what. Congratulations! How's the score? Andi : Thanks God. 5. Taken from English Bestseller 12. My brother won a national singing contest. 6. Your performance is amazing. Joko : It's a terriﬁc job. Step 2 : Thread the plastic clothes line through the holes. Andi : Thanks a lot guys. I'm so happy right now. Andi. Well done! Andi : Thanks for your compliment. I know you are very smart. • Well done! • Fantastic/terriﬁc! You look great! What a charming dress! That's a very fantastic! I must congratulate you! Nice to meet you See you later Terriﬁc. no. great charming fantastic congratulate 5. So he put down his chopsticks and told the servant to clear the table. Andi. 8. Live Chicken for Dinner? A landowner from Seoul went to visit his farmer in the countryside and was treated to a grand dinner of boiled chicken. his friend. You look charming Andi I like your style 4. She congratulates and compliments Andi. "Who eats live chickens?' replied the boy. too. Desi : Thanks. "There it is! He's eating the dead chicken. Andi. shouting. The next day. 2. Is it really you? Andi : Yeah. Step 3 : Pull up on the strings as you walk tall on your tin-can stilts. Andi : Oh. Activity 3 1. By the way. thanks. 6. • May I congratulate you on …. Riska and Joko come to his house to congratulate him Riska : Is it true what the newspaper's headline said? Andi : What news? Joko : The news about you winning the national novel writing competition. saying at the same time. You look great today! I love your new hair style. Desi : Never mind Andi. Dialogue 2 Andi has won the national novel writing competition. On the way home. Andi. Desi : It's very nice to meet you here. how was your test? Have you got the result? Andi : Yes. 7. Desi. terriﬁc farewell achievements extremely Expressions Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Andi had passed on his ﬁnal semester test. that's amazing. You look great. politely saying. Riska : Congratulations! We're happy for you. Desi : Wow. 4. I've got it. Tie the ends together. 8. "This is enough for me. In the course of the meal. You know what? I have passed for the ﬁnal test. How are you doing? Andi : I am ﬁne. 2. My stomach can't take any more food.The following text is for questions 11 and 12. Desi : Hi. Taken from Childcraft: Make and Do.
3. Thanks. "Broom. 4. thank you. My house is more beautiful than yours. the Witch looked around her house and she said to herself. My house looks ugly and the paint is faded. How kind of you. That she got an idea. The Tongue Bitter Activity 7 and 8 One morning. And you? I'm just ﬁne. Taken from Microsoft Encarta. thanks. and the walls are bigger. and in ten minutes all job was done. in southwestern England. Activity 10 During the battle of Troy there was a Greek hero named Odysseus. Great. would you do me a favour? Why not? What can I do for you? Could you tell your brother how grateful I am for his help to lend me his magazine? Oh. Yuni. B. The horse was a gigantic wooden statue of a horse built in the guise of a gift for the Romans. I would like to invite you for dinner tonight. rendered the Roman defense useless and opened the gate into the well defended city. It worked very fast. she said "Your house is ugly. They brought the "gift' into their castle and partied throughout the night. It is elliptical and has three stories surmounted by a fourth story pierced with window like openings. I'm returning your brother's sports magazine. I'll tell him. "my friend was right. The police have found your missing purse. This man has saved y our daughter's life. When she looked around the room. thinking that the Greeks have admitted defeat by leaving them a gift of gesture in the form of a "Horse Statue' were overjoyed. How are you this morning? Hi. Activity 5 A. Malin Kundang 2. When all the Roman soldiers were drunk and unconscious. The Witch was very happy. Thanks. Where do they originally come from? 1. It is the largest and most famous ancient Roman amphitheatre. Can I see today's newspaper? Of course. Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You Activity 2 Henry : Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry : : : : : : : : : : : : Hello Yuni. When she wanted to start the upper part she found out that she couldn't reach it. one of the Witch's friends come over to visit." The Witch was very angry when she heard this and shouted. The monument consists of a circular group of large upright stones surrounded by a circular earthwork. 5. 2005 Tapescripts 175 . Fine. sure. Then she went to the shop and bought a can of paint. Sangkuriang 4. Activity 3 1. The Greeks won that battle decisively thanks to Odysseus' brilliant idea of building a "Trojan Horse'. I have to repaint it. allowing other Greek soldiers who were waiting outside the gates to come inside. turn into a paint brush and paint my walls!" Suddenly the broom turned into a paint brush and it started to paint the upper walls. C. It is a prehistoric monument on Salisbury Plain. Would you like to go with me to a music concert? 2. Here it is and thanks. one on top of the other. Each of the three arcaded stories originally had 80 arches. It is constructed on a hill 46 m (150 ft) high and consists of eight step-like stone terraces. please. The entire ediﬁce is crowned by a large stupa at the centre of the top circle. The Romans. "Get out of my house! and don't ever come back here!" After her friend left. "I will use my magic broom!" She shouted. and she worked very carefully. Here it is. I have kept the package for you. By the way. the Greeks slowly descended out of the "Horse Statue'. Would you like any other magazine or newspaper to read? Yes. The Greeks then built chambers within the giant horse to allow some soldiers to hide inside to inﬁltrate the strong roman defense.Activity 6 Here are some folklores. In the afternoon she ﬁnished the lower part of her house. Please come in and have a seat. Thanks. he was one of the many "tribal kings' that went to attack the Romans. After lunch she started to paint. The Red and White Onions 3. Henry. It's all right.
That's very disappointing. News 3 Lately. please! I have something to tell you. Father : Oh. 176 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . He informs that the headmaster cancels tomorrow's holiday. The stained glass windows are similar with those of the places like The Hague and Rotterdam and also the Royal family. pay attention to our leader. You're kidding! Activity 7 News 1 The torrential rain which has been falling now for the last four days has resulted in many people in the south-east of Britain being unable to leave their homes. The building has numerous long winding corridors which open out to the ofﬁces on one side of the ofﬁce and the other end of the building on the other hand. Iwan : Dad. Are you serious? 6. " The design of the park is under way. Please. "One singing contest even secured higher ratings than the most popular sinetron. Aldi : Shh. I don't believe it. dear. : What! Are you serious? : Oh. Andi : I've just met the headmaster in the teachers' room. Many roads are ﬂooded. What a surprise! 2. Don't forget to come to the school tomorrow. We will have a holiday someday. It is named Lawang Sewu which means a thousand doors. be quiet. Ecuador's earthquake is worse than in our country. My goodness! 5. It seems that he brings bad news for us. Good heavens! 6. Dialogue 2 Andi brings news to his class. Well. that's very surprising. I don't believe it. The tender process for the project is expected to ﬁnish by the end of June. News 2 Jakarta: The Jakarta administration will begin development of Ayodia public park in Barito.) Iwan : Yeah. Oh really? Is it true? 3.Activity 6 Lawang Sewu is one of the famous historical buildings in Indonesia. 5. "AGB Nielsen Media Research communications executive Andini Wijendaru told The Jakarta Post on Friday. I can't imagine that. : Keep calm guys. from April 18 to 20.. What a shocking. South Jakarta. Thousands of people were killed. look! There was an earthquake in Ecuador. How very surprising/amazing. Iwan's father reads the newspaper.. I tell you the truth. It's very tragic. 7. television singing contest (known as variety shows or talent shows) are jostling for airspace with sinetron (Tv soaps). Father : We know how it feels. Besides its thousand doors.. You must be kidding. Chapter 6 Headline News Activity 2 1. it is also well known for the fascinating stained glass windows representing the Dutch Symbolism. News 4 Five companies have collaborated to stage in Jakarta a three day environmental festival called Greenfast2008 that is aimed to promote awareness of global warming in a approachable and entertaining design. Aldi Andi Feny Aldi Andi Indah Andi : Be quiet Feny! : The headmaster cancelled tomorrow's holiday. no! Another disaster? (Then. South Jakarta. : Oh. : I'm serious. Feny : Really? Why are you so gloomy? Bad news? Activity 4 1. no. The festival is to be held at the eastern parking a lot of Senayan. in July. 2. He told me about our holiday.OK my friends. He ﬁnds news that attracts his attention and informs his father. Remember the earthquake in our country last year. 3. Andi : Attention." Deputy Governor Prijanto said Monday at city hall. Many people became homeless. I ﬁnd that very surprising Activity 3 Dialogue 1 Iwan reads a newspaper. It is a famous landmark in the region of Semarang and a pride for Java. This is terrible. guys. No. Really? 4. Are you serious? 4. with cars and other vehicles unable to move.
the regency's capital. "My ofﬁce is still drafting the regulation on study time. paralysing trafﬁc between Jambi and Sungai Penuh. Nany : Your performance in the drama is very great. What does Ken say to refuse Indra's invitation? 4. game consoles. 1. I don't think I can make it. Transportation Paralysed in Jambi JAMBI CITY. News 6 Manager Alex Ferguson said Manchester United had beaten their nerves and a very good Arsenal side in Sunday's 2-1 victory at Old trafford. Activity 9 Bekasi Makes Study Time Compulsory BEKASI: The Bekasi municipality administration will force students to allocate at least one hour in the evening to review school lessons of ﬁnish homework. Taken from The Jakarta Post. Herman.00.News 5 The surge in world food prices is accomplishing what seven years of trade talks haven't knocking down import barriers. Since early 2007. 2004 Tapescripts 177 . The trafﬁc between Jambi and Sungai Penuh was expected to return to normal on Thursday after the Kerinci administration deployed necessary equipment to repair the damaged road. He failed to mention what punishments would be imposed on students who did not comply. Rani : Thanks. to 7:30 p.m. said that it took him 15 hours for the trip. with four Premier League games to go. ﬁve hours longer than usual and passengers were charged Rp125. a driver of a passenger bus plying the Jambi-Kerinci route. he said. In addition. Taken from The World Book Encyclopedia.com on Monday. People travelling from Sungai Penuh to Jambi and vice versa have to take the Trans-Sumatra highway bypassing Solok in the neighbouring province of West Sumatra. would be issued on May 2. Trailing to an Emmanuel Adebayor goal. During study time. Erwin : I'm sorry to hear that. : I'm busy. What does Rani say when Agus congratulates her? 2. Agus : Well done. Elementary and high school students will have to study from 6 p. which costs them twice as much as the regular fare. visiting shopping malls or going to entertainment centers will be allowed. 1996 3. either at home or in groups along with classmates living in the same neighbourhood. : Let's meet at 8. "The study time must be effective. in time for National Education Day. Tanti : Hey. Jambi: A landslides hit a village in Kerinci regency. do you know that Antonio Banderas will marry me? Anti : Really? Are you kidding? What does Anti say to response to Tanti? The following text is for questions 8 to 12. instead of the regular fare of Rp50.000. Indra Ken Review 2 The following short dialogues are for questions 1 to 5. when cereal prices began rising." Mochtar said." said the Mayor Muchtar Mohamad. The regulation.. November 18. What does Erwin say to express his sympathy? 5. He is in the hospital now. My brother is ill. United hit back with a penalty from Cristiano Ronaldo and Owen Hargreaves free-kick to go six points clear of Chelsea. Milk has almost all the nutrients (nourishing substances) that people need for growth and good health. developing nations have taken a raft of measures to increase imports. A staff of the local transportation ofﬁce in Sungai Penuh said on Wednesday that the landslides was caused by incessant rain on Monday which caused dirt and rocks to cover and damage two sections of the road. Rita : Thank you. as quoted by Tempointeraktif. who play Wigan Athletic on Monday.m. Kristin : I can't come to your party. milk has most of these nutrients in large amounts and in such proportions that they can work as a team to help keep the body strong and healthy.000. Milk is the most nourishing of all foods and a favourite drink of people throughout the world. What does Rita say when Nany compliments her? The following text is for questions 6 and 7. You deserve to get that award. no TV.
2. 7. He decided to bu a new record of D' Massive. How are you? 3. 5. Activity 2 1. 28th 2008 at 8. It took for about one and a half hour. learn Activity 10 Event 1 : At ﬁrst I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks. 4. 4. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. 5. 4. speechless. It takes place in the city park. 3. Andika did. 6. Activity 4 1. 4. She was so surprised. Three persons are involved in the dialogue.00 in the morning and arrives in Singapore at 10:45. played magic tricks. Event 2 : The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car. went 5. Good morning 2.m. believe 9. Let me introduce you to Lina. well. Activity 8 1. she does. she didn't. I must go now 9. 2. Activity 10 1. At noon when it was getting darker. He was very friendly. had 7. He asked me the way to the Hyatt Hotel. got 2. 10. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. too. a Activity 8 1. 5. swam 11. at 4:00 in the afternoon. Yes. She says see you. 2. She takes the train on Saturday at 9. 3. A piece of paper that the man gave. (a) I'm just ﬁne. 2. 3. In March. 4. We sang. 3. She confuse. I'm Deni. 4. 7. He was looking for a record store. No. She was born in October 31. 2. spent 12. Activity 3 1. 5. 7. I'm Dian. lazy 10. b 2. Desi. c 4. than 8. My name is Rian 6. get 3. Bye. Take care. Nice to meet you too 8. there wasn't much left. Rudi goes to Singapore every weekend. Activity 3 1. and even some of my friends performed a standing comedy. She also introduces herself. read poetry.Answer Key Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. Allow me to introduce myself 3. saw 6. He was walking down Sunda Street. Lina. Nice to meet you. Event 3 : When I got back to town. this Lina. quiet 4. Her heart beat faster when she heard his voice. (b) Hi. b 5. Hi. happy. 3. Santi. He was so surprised. danced. 4. c 3. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. (b) Hi. 8. (b) Good morning. I lived in Jakarta from 1995 to 1998. 5. 5. We went camping. My name is Lina. Good morning 5. Rudi. 2. Linda was born in 1952.00 p. 178 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . (b) Glad to meet you. She talks to Lina. We spent our time observing plantation and insects. Nice to see you. Yes he did. as I said. Activity 5 1. 6. this is Santi. Activity 4 1. I'll meet you for lunch on Tuesday at noon.
8. disappeared 8. Sally was listening to music in her room. 10. Answer may vary. 4. Activity 4 Story A is not in the correct order. 7. I'm so sorry to hear that. Legends. 3. 3. You have my sincere condolences. they couldn't. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. I'm so glad right now. asked 7. 6. I'm so happy for you. No. I'll take care of it. happy 2. waited 5. Putra. Activity 3 1. proud 4. superhero comics. Rosaura. even stand up 2. Ridwan. legends. Some of the students were late to class because they were playing soccer at the park. 5. 4. 2. Activity 2 1. 8. that's too bad 6. (b) Oh really? That's great. 3. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. 2. She cried in front of me. she didn't. opened 2. That's terrible 3. Rosaura ran away from her house. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 1. 9. Activity 4 Answers may vary. 8. great 3. Roy was taking a nap on the couch. The red ﬂowers were there to remind them about Rosaura. 2. blessed Dialogue 2 1. How awful! 5. Activity 7 1. Anita was attending a conference in England last month. Answer may vary. Metro-Goldwyn 4. They didn't not know each other. (a) How terrible! 3. Answer Key 179 .Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. 2. see him Activity 5 Answers may vary. 7. nightgown on 3. a basket of food 6. Activity 6 1. It's about ﬁnding the story books. Hiding from her mother and father. saw that 4. (a) I'm sorry to hear that. No. adventure novel. Harry Potter 3. 4. Uzumaki Naruto 2 Lita. Boni and Panji. 3. 4. Folk tales books 5. 2. 9. Activity 4 1. Activity 8 1. A folk tale. 3 Wahyu falled in love with the new student. (b) Is that right? That's too bad. Did the teacher visit Indonesia Book fair in Jakarta? 6. 5. 7. Did you hear 4. Activity 9 1. fable. The story reveals how the red poppy come to be. Answer may vary. Answers may vary. Sangkuriang 4. 2. 4. 5. Superhero ﬁction. Because she wanted to go back into the sunshine to play. that's good news. He is looking for some books for his assignments. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. Six peoples. Aesop's fables Activity 8 1. Because the colour of the petals of the ﬂowers was the same as the colour of Rosaura's ribbon. 10. Answer may vary. The teacher was correcting paper at her desk. Because Rosaura's mother thought that Rosaura was always happier when she was in the ﬁelds. (a) Oh. 6. Fitra.
8. Let's meet at ﬁve. • Finally. It's OK. 2. push the pin on top of the motor 4. cut up the meat into very small pieces and fry it in a pan • At the same time cook the rice in another pan. 6. To move the fan up or down. 12. you can break in two or three eggs.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come? Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. cut up a cucumber into thin slices and place the slices on top. Would you like to come to my house? 2. How to Make a Cheese Sandwich. a 180 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . d 2. 13. Activity 10 1. Would you like to come to my party on Saturday night? 3. Would you come to my house to enjoy them? 3. Do you want some? 3. Review 1 A. • Then. • First. Answer may vary. a 5. Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. 2. How to Make a Cup of Tea. b d a c a Listening 6. Turkish coffee. • Serve the fried rice with hot sauce. 14. • Now. 2. Answers may vary 3. 15. 5. After that 7. 4. How to Boil an Egg. Activity 8 1. Activity 2 1. a 3. I'd love to. 1. d 4. 7. To change the speed of the fan. I'd love to come. 3. Activity 7 1. then press the tilt adjustment knob. tomatoes and cucumber. I'll be there 6. vegetables. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. 5. meat and eggs. press one of the switches at the bottom. Being friendly. Invitation. Being friendly. • The best vegetables to use are onions. d 17. 7. c b a b d 11. Activity 4 1. 2. pepper and other spices. 3. • Stir the mixture and add salt. 9. To make the fan move sideways. 2. 2. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. Certainly. 8. Activity 2 Material butter milk egg chocolate cheese ﬂour sugar Method remove chocolate pour garnish roast mix knead add boil sprinkle braise Sentence Connector ﬁrst then next ﬁnally Activity 3 How to Prepare Fried Rice • To make fried rice you will need some rice. Could you tell me 5. Activity 3 1. Activity 2 1. 2. Nice to meet you. Thirty students. Eighty six percents. 4. Activity 6 1. d Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. Twenty eight. b a c c b 16. Invitation. on the top. Activity 2 1. 10. 4. 4. I'm sorry I can't make it. cut up the onions and garlic and fry them. 3. ﬁrst pull up the oscillating pin. 2. garlic. • When the rice is cooked add it to the meat and the vegetables. if you like. First. that's OK. 4. 3. I'm sorry. Ask a friend.
39. Activity 6 1. 33. 7. True 6. 6. Congratulations Activity 5 Answers may vary. come over 2. 22. She went to the castle and killed a knight. Grendel 2. True 7. found out 9. a Activity 4 Dialogue 1 1. while he was going from one village to another. It is me terriﬁc job Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. c d b a a 41. 3. (i) The monkeys in turn threw fruit down at him. went to the shop 6. b 4. 3. Well done! 7.B. Reading 18. he felt very tired 3. Activity 4 1. a 2. b 35. the the a Yes. a 3. 4. c Activity 2 1. 40. 42. Activity 8 1. 2. I'm so happy 5. 19. I do. 5. f d g Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. A family is helped by the ﬁreﬁghters from being trapped in a ruin. 38. False 8. 20. 21. The wax statue is melted by a ﬁre at the House of Wax. Activity 3 1. 37. 5. (e) Pak Aman sells hat in the village 2. 10. Is it true 2. 25. (j) The monkeys came down and took all the hats except the one on Pak Aman's hats. 4. bought read Put shave killed. I think so. 8. b 5. The President's is taken by the cameraman several times. d 34. (g) There were lots of naughty monkeys up that tree. 26. 36. This new computer game is bought by my brother for me. False 3. He died. (k) One day. 5. started to 7. True 5. You look great today 3. 3. 32. c c Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. 43. Answer Key 181 . True 2. 4. Thanks for Dialogue 2 1. 7. d a a d c 28. e 3. Congratulations 6. Chapter 4 Would You Like to Come? Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. b 2. it started Activity 10 1. Yes. The beautiful story of prince and princesses is written by her. Writing 23. Beowulf heard about the problem and went to Denmark to help the king. a 4. Beowulf woke up and fought the monster-he pulled off an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake. 5. A dragon. No. 6. b 5. 29. False 4. True Activity 9 1. How are you doing 2. 27. 30. A special sword. ran away. c 4. (c) He was very angry and threw a stone at them. a 3. they didin't. a paint brush 10. Fifty years. Thank you very much 4. more beautiful 3. 2. 9. (b) So has sat down under the tree to sleep. shouted 4. 4. 44. 45. 31. looked around 5. 24. He put on his armour again and went to the dragon's cave with his men. a c c b c C. Activity 3 1. 6. ﬁnished 8.
000 years ago Physical appearance: on top of a hill. Activity 7 Answers may vary. 3. h Activity 4 1. Picture 1 Activity 6 1.000 years ago Physical appearance: nine multi-storey building called ‘Great Houses'. Activity 2 1. It is located near Pacitan in East Java. 5. A well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer). T 2. 3. Canada and the United States. g 7. T 5. 6. And so on. of 10. j 2. coconut-palms and birds. 3. f 3. stained glass windows 5. in a lime hill called Tapan. Lawang Sewu 3. 8. (f) At this the monkeys threw all the hats down at him. 4. doors. Picture 2 B. F 4. thanks 2. d 5. for 15. F 3. 5. 10. a 8. a 3. Returning sport magazine he lent. l 13. how kind of you. at 9. c 12. 2. he can. b 10. (a) Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. It is on Niagara River. of 8. Picture 3 C. to 14. 2. thanks 4. Activity 3 1. 2. m 11. I won't say no.8 kilometre).5 mile (0. long winding corridors 6. Activity 12 1. e 6. Easter Island Answers may vary. Thanks. 182 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 3. Ardi does. 5. how grateful I am. for 3. 11. Africa Time of building: 1. a thousand doors 4. for 2. Great Zimbabwe Location: Zimbabwe. thanks 1. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirit. Wareng village. he is. Tell her brother how grateful he is for his help to lend him his magazine. historical buildings 2. 7. a 2. there is a large castle and underneath this is the ‘Great Enclosure'. on 7. F Reading Activity 1 Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. 2. b 5. Activity 10 1. East of the cave. about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. 6. for 12. of 6. On Sunday morning. how kind of you thanks grateful thanks At the library. in Tabuhan. 8. 4. She'd love to. near Activity 13 1. Activity 5 A. Wiyogo. Activity 3 1. a Activity 4 Answers may vary. 2. 5. 7. (h) He took off his hat and threw it at the monkeys. thank you 3. 3. Pueblo Bonito Location: in the desert of the Chaco Canyon Time of building: 1. A steep gorge. for 5. 9. b 4. The Horseshoe falls and the American Falls.This gave Pak Aman an idea how to get his has back. Yes. Yes. 3. in 13. It's all right. 6.600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0. landmark Location: in the South Paciﬁc. of 11. 5. k 4. and roofs are from wood. 90 years old. The wall is from stone and the ﬂoors. Beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy-riceﬁelds. of 4. 4. (d) So Pak Aman managed to get his hat back. 4. i 9. Activity 8 1. Activity 2 1.700 km from the coast of Chile Time of building: between 1150–1500 Physical appearance: 600 large statues 2.
Activity 4 The Tower of London was ﬁrst built in the 11th century within the Roman city walls. draw 3. will force 2. Paragraph 7 5. 3. and a prison-the scene of murder. execution. Bali in Action : amazing activities in Bali. News 3 2. 6. Paragraph 17 3. bad news 5. 2. News 1 5. Activity 2 1. F 5. regulation 3. no! 4. T 2. and. 8. as one of the strongest fortresses in the land. A plain big stone. Yes. they do. Attention 4. or clauses in a series apostrophe: to show possession Speaking Activity 1 to 9 Answers may vary. Its purpose was to protect and control the city. How the Tower of London was. T 8. Big Island and Maui. News 6 3. ceremonies. Kauai. a nightly entertainment program and transfers between the four most important islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Paragraph 10–12 2. through ﬂower garlands and grass skirts to coconut bikinis. lovely 5. 3. Lights. It also houses a ﬁne collection of armour and many other displays. In 1999. F 3. phrases. Paragraph 14 2. 3. Full board. Paragraph 3 4. Activity 7 1. F 7. "Aloha" means love and well-being and stands for everything that goes to make up the image of Hawaii. Oh. or Mahalo in Hawaiian. 3. No. 5.K. Oh. How the Tower of London is now.700 kilograms. issued 4. dear Activity 4 to 6 Answers may vary. Mount Kosciusko : spectacular mountains in Australia. Activity 7 1. would be imposed Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. Activity 8 • the capital city of France • one of the most beautiful cities in the world • one of the world's most crowded cities • lovely gardens and parks • many palaces and statues • the city of light • millions of people • the most popular place to visit • the Eiffel Tower • this huge structure • the Louvre • one of the world's largest art museums • many visitors • the Cathedral of Notre Dame • a famous church • another favourite place to visit Activity 9 1.250 euros per person for seven nights. This is terrible.'s ﬁnest castles. 10. They are greeted by mountains of ham and pancake. We know how it feels Dialogue 2 1. Activity 3 Dialogue 1 1. I don't believe it. Activity 5 1. News 2 4. crowded 4. 2. T Activity 6 1. To visit Waikiki Beach which is perhaps the most famous in the world after the Copacobana. so gloomy 6. a palace. showing nine centuries of British history. The Tower is one of the U. F 10. As little as 1. to study 5. entertainment centers 6. Since then it has been a fortress. every year Chapter 6 Headline News Activity 1 Answers may vary. They contain a description of places. News 5 Activity 9 1. F 9. 4. from colourful shirts. "Fine".8. News 4 6. huge 2. Activity 5 1. is the home of the Crown Jewels. 9. 9. Answer Key 183 . 7. F 6. we can't. Oahu. period: to end sentence comma: to separate words. and years of imprisonments. Are you serious? 2. T 4. look! 2.
42. Epicenter of Diversity Found Activity 4 to 7 Answers may vary. F 6. 14. 52. d d 26. Students who attend dual language programme will acquire more than language so they have an advantage over the competitors applying college placement.Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. 15. the events 4. Don't forget Your Umbrella 5. "I was sleeping when the storm came?" 43. 6. Answer may vary using surprised expressions. b 57. 31. 18. Those 46. The second home means school should be as comfortable as home so that the student feels at home. T 2. 3. b a d c Listening 5. d b 28. 4. 37." 2. caption 7. Between the age of two and six. "Would you like to participate in school workshop. We should look at different ways to get the needed language. c 21. 34. 16. a d a c 39. e Writing 184 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Activity 4 1. 36. The students visit the national museum. date 5. c c 23. c 58. 20. a 3. headline 2. "Do not forget submitting my assignment. Answer may vary using gratitude expressions. 3. before 49. 38. b c 27. students. Yes. In the room where top scientists meet 4. Reading C. "Meet me in my ofﬁce. The students were given a new book by the teacher. "The team' means parents. but 48. 29. 2. introductory paragraph 3. b c c a 9. From the time of birth. 4. and schools. 53. a Activity 7 1. These 47. but 44. for 45. 13. b 2. Review 2 A. a 5. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. 33. b a 22. 51. 35. Alya said. Jazz forecast All weekend. Answer may vary using sympathy expressions. 41. Answer may vary using attracting attention expressions. Ministry of Defence. d Because parents want their children academically competitive. ending statements Activity 3 1." said Mrs Zakia. quotes 8." 5. F 4. The man said. d 55. b 4. d b 25. 10. B. 17. French and German It is important because China begins to move into world economy. 50."I going to watch a new movie tomorrow. 1. 7. Hamdan asked." asked Nia. The teacher should encourage the students to be active in language learning. T Activity 5 1. a 56. 30. 2. T 5. Jamu: from Generation to Generation 3. they have. Reog Dance: Battle between Man and Beast 2. "Please return my books that you borrowed. 8. She said that she didn't know anything about the robbery. 19." said Mr Ardi. 3. Answer may vary using invitation expressions. photograph 6. 40. Answers may vary. b c 24. Kick boxing Orangutans return to jungle 4. 11. 32. 12. Activity 9 1. Activity 2 1. 54. T 3.