Hak Cipta pada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Dilindungi Undang-undang Hak Cipta Buku ini dibeli oleh Departemen Pendidikan Nasional dari Penerbit Setia Purna Invest Developing English Competencies for Grade X Senior High School (SMA/MA) Writers Editors Layouters Illustrator Cover Designer Cover Photo Book Size
420.07 DOD d

: Achmad Doddy Ahmad Sugeng Effendi : Editor Team of Setia Purna Inves : Layouter Team of Setia Purna Inves : Illustrator Team of Setia Purna Inves : Designer Team of Setia Purna Inves : Documentation of Setia Purna Inves : 17.6 × 25 cm

DODDY, Achmad Developing english competencies 1: for Senior High School (SMA/MA) grade X/Achmad Doddy, Ahmad Sugeng, Effendi; editor Team of Setia Purna Inves. – Jakarta : Pusat Perbukuan, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008. viii, 184 hlm.:ilus.: 25 Cm. Bibliografi: hlm. 162-162 Indeks ISBN 979-462-973-1 1. Bahasa Inggris- Studi dan Pengajaran II. Sugeng, Ahmad III. Effendi I. Judul

Diterbitkan oleh Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Tahun 2008 Diperbanyak oleh ...

Kami menyadari bahwa buku ini masih perlu ditingkatkan mutunya. Kami berharap.Kata Sambutan Puji syukur kami panjatkan ke hadirat Allah SWT. Juli 2008 Kepala Pusat Perbukuan iii . dapat diunduh (down load). telah membeli hak cipta buku teks pelajaran ini dari penulis/penerbit untuk disebarluaskan kepada masyarakat melalui situs internet (website) Jaringan Pendidikan Nasional. untuk penggandaan yang bersifat komersial harga penjualannya harus memenuhi ketentuan yang ditetapkan oleh Pemerintah. digandakan. berkat rahmat dan karuniaNya. dalam hal ini. semua pihak dapat mendukung kebijakan ini. dialihmediakan. pada tahun 2008. saran dan kritik sangat kami harapkan. dicetak. Kepada para siswa kami ucapkan selamat belajar dan manfaatkanlah buku ini sebaik-baiknya. Oleh karena itu. atau difotokopi oleh masyarakat. Buku teks pelajaran ini telah dinilai oleh Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan dan telah ditetapkan sebagai buku teks pelajaran yang memenuhi syarat kelayakan untuk digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran melalui Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 34 Tahun 2008. Buku-buku teks pelajaran yang telah dialihkan hak ciptanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional ini. Diharapkan bahwa buku teks pelajaran ini akan lebih mudah diakses sehingga siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia maupun sekolah Indonesia yang berada di luar negeri dapat memanfaatkan sumber belajar ini. Kami menyampaikan penghargaan yang setinggi-tingginya kepada para penulis/penerbit yang telah berkenan mengalihkan hak cipta karyanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional untuk digunakan secara luas oleh para siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia. Jakarta. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Namun. Pemerintah.

English learning in Developing English Competencies for Grade X is based on literacy based approach so you can get many learning experiences by considering the aspects of interpretation. to communicate in English according to the context of the language use. constructing sentences or texts and the other activities that facilitate you to be skillful in using English in communication. especially the editors and team. this book will help you learn English in a communicative way. collaboration. problem solving. students of senior high school (SMA/MA). Last but not least. reflection and language use. support and encouragement. Hopefully. acting out dialogues. July 2008 Writers iv . In Developing English Competencies for Grade X. convention. there are many activities available for you to do individually or with other students. cultural knowledge. You are expected to be skillful in doing the exercises. We would like to thank PT Setia Purna Inves. Developing English Competencies for Grade X enables you to access information of various fields of science to prepare you to go to university. the writers are very grateful to all people who have helped and given their input.Preface Developing English Competencies for Grade X is designed to facilitate you. for facilitating us to publish our work. These activities explore your creativity. Bandung.

Chapter Summary summarises the material learned in each chapter. 10. Below are the characteristics featured in Developing English Competencies for Grade X 1. Dialogue presents natural language set in authentic situations you can relate to. 13. 2. Text presents a genre related to the theme of the chapter. New Horizon features extra information related to the theme. Glossary provides a list of terms and words from the learning materials in alphabetical order. 8. 4. Grammar Review focuses on a grammar structure in texts of a certain genre. 3. Each chapter consists four language skills. 11. Chapter Photo represents the theme of the chapter.e. What to Say provides a number of expressions that you can use in certain situations. Pronunciation Practice provides list of words to be pronounced and practiced several times until you can pronounce them correctly. 9. Reading and Writing. Speaking. 18. 12. v . Learning Reflection presents what you have learned and what you are expected to be able to.An Overview of This Book Developing English Competencies for Grade X comprises 6 chapters and 2 reviews. Englishclub. i. UN Shot provides some exercises taken from Ujian Nasional materials. 6. Review provides a number of exercises from the previous chapters. 5. Listening. 14. Genre Structure shows you the generic structure of related genre.com gives some information from the Internet and encouraging you to know more. 7. 16. Title introduces the theme of the chapter. Index provides a list of subject and names (authors) in alphabetical order. 17. Your Project encourages you to perform a project to enhance your lifeskill. In This Chapter gives a concise summary of the language functions and themes that will be learned in the chapter. 15.

Contents Kata Sambutan ______________________________________________________ iii Preface _____________________________________________________________ iv An Overview of This Book ___________________________________________ v Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You ___________________________________________________ Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of greeting introducing. and parting _________________________ Responding to recount texts ________________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of greeting and parting ____________________________________________ Introducing oneself and others ______________________________________________________ Performing a monologue of a recount text ____________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the structure of a recount text _____________________________________________ Reading and understanding recount texts _____________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Writing diary _____________________________________________________________________ Writing recount texts ______________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reflection___________________________________________________________________ 1 2 3 5 7 8 9 11 13 15 16 18 18 22 24 24 Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That ________________________________________________ 25 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of happiness _____________________________________________ Responding to expressions of sympathy and showing affection _________________________ Responding to narrative texts _______________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of happiness _____________________________________________________ Using expressions of sympathy and showing affection _________________________________ Performing a monologue of a narrative text ___________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text _______________________________ Reading narrative texts ____________________________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Developing a paragraph of narrative texts ____________________________________________ Writing narrative texts _____________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reflection __________________________________________________________________ 26 27 28 30 31 32 34 35 37 40 42 46 47 49 50 50 vi .

Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come?_____________________________________________ 51 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ Responding to expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation _____________________ Using expressions of making and cancelling an appointment ____________________________ Performing a monologue of a procedure text __________________________________________ Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the structure of a procedure text __________________________________________ Reading procedure texts ___________________________________________________________ Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ Writing short instructions __________________________________________________________ Writing procedure texts ____________________________________________________________ Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ Learning Reflection __________________________________________________________________ 52 53 54 56 58 59 60 63 65 66 68 71 72 73 74 74 Review 1 ____________________________________________________________ 75 Chapter 4 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well _________________________________ 79 Listening ____________________________________________________________________________ 80 Responding to expressions of congratulating and complimenting ________________________ 81 Responding to narrative texts _______________________________________________________ 83 Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ 85 Congratulating and complimenting __________________________________________________ 86 Performing a monologue of a narrative text ___________________________________________ 89 Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ 91 Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text _______________________________ 92 Reading narrative texts ____________________________________________________________ 93 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 98 Developing a paragraph of a narrative text based on the pictures ________________________ 99 Writing narrative texts _____________________________________________________________ 100 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 102 Learning Reflection___________________________________________________________________ 102 Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You _____________________________________________ 103 Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ 104 Responding to expressions of gratitude _______________________________________________ 104 Responding to invitation ___________________________________________________________ 105 vii . accepting and declining an invitation ______________ Responding to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment ____________________ Responding to instructions _________________________________________________________ Speaking ____________________________________________________________________________ Using expressions of making.

Responding to a monologue of a descriptive text ______________________________________ 106 Speaking ___________________________________________________________________________ 107 Expressing gratitude ______________________________________________________________ 108 Performing a monologue of a descriptive text _________________________________________ 110 Reading ____________________________________________________________________________ 115 Identifying the structure and information in a descriptive text ___________________________ 116 Reading descriptive texts ___________________________________________________________ 119 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 122 Writing short descriptions and announcement ________________________________________ 125 Writing descriptive texts ___________________________________________________________ 126 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 128 Learning Reflection___________________________________________________________________ 128

Chapter 6
Headline News ______________________________________________________ 129
Listening ___________________________________________________________________________ 130 Responding to expressions of surprise and amazement _________________________________ 131 Responding to news item texts ______________________________________________________ 132 Speaking ___________________________________________________________________________ 134 Expressing surprise and amazement _________________________________________________ 135 Performing a monologue of news item texts ___________________________________________ 137 Reading _____________________________________________________________________________ 140 Identifying meanings and information in news item texts ______________________________ 141 Reading news item texts ___________________________________________________________ 142 Writing _____________________________________________________________________________ 148 Developing paragraph of news item texts _____________________________________________ 150 Writing news item texts ____________________________________________________________ 151 Chapter Summary ____________________________________________________________________ 152 Learning Reflection __________________________________________________________________ 152

Review 2 ____________________________________________________________ 153 Bibliography ________________________________________________________ 161 Photo Credits ________________________________________________________ 163 Glossary ____________________________________________________________ 164 Index _______________________________________________________________ 168 Tapescripts _________________________________________________________ 169 Answer Key _________________________________________________________ 178

Source: Publisher's Documentation

viii

Chapter

1
Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n

It's Nice to See You
In This Chapter
Listening:
• • • • • • • • Responding to expressions of greeting, introducing and parting Responding to recount texts Using expressions of greeting, introducing and parting Performing a monologue of recount texts Identifying meanings and information of a recount text Reading recount texts Writing a recount text Writing short diaries

Speaking:

Reading:

Writing:

1

Listening
In this section, you will learn how to:
• • respond to expressions of greeting, introducing and parting; respond to recount texts.

Activity 1

Look at the picture and answer the following questions.

Source: Publisher's Documentation

1. What are they doing? 2. Do you think they know each other? 3. What do you say when you meet someone you didn't know before? 4. Do you ask her/his name? 5. How do you introduce yourself? 6. What do you say when you need to leave the person you're talking to?

Activity 2

Listen to the tape. Then repeat the following words and expressions.
No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Words Introduce Introducing Greeting Meeting Parting Farewell Expressions Good morning How are you My name is How do you do Nice to meet you See you later

2

Developing English Competencies for Grade X

Cut Nia. they introduce each other. 9 10 Rian : . Good morning. a.. It's Nice to See You 3 . Pay attention to the responses of greeting. Nice to meet you. Hello. We are in the same class. so you like cooking? I like cooking too. introducing and parting expressions. I'm Deni.2 . 4 5 6 Rian : . What's your name? Hi.com Want to meet new people and improve your social and business graces? You can visit the website in www. Nice to see you. Nice to meet you. You can find how to make proper introductions at business functions. She meets Rian. Dian : 7 . ivillage. Dian : Really? Good. a. parties. Good morning. How do you do? Hi. How are you? I'm just fine. a.. Anyway.3 . 3. Rian : Oh. Glad to meet you. b. Mari Memasak Sendiri. a. . so I have a friend to share with.com. Rudi. By the way. . 8 . Today is the first day at school for Dian. b. what book is that? Dian : This is a book about cooking. Nice to meet you. Cut Nia. My name is Risa. b. Englishclub. For example: You will hear: Hello. Dian : 1 . right? I saw your name in the students' list of my class. What's your name? Good morning. Desi. a. b. dinners and other social situations. 5. 2. My name is Edo. b. Hi.Activity 3 Listen to the tape and complete the dialogue. Bye. Nice to meet you. 1. Good bye. My name is Edo. I'm Cut Nia. 4. The correct response is (b) Hi. Rian : Yeah. too. . Activity 4 Listen to the tape carefully and choose the correct responses to the expressions you heard. What's your name? The correct response for the expression is . right. Then. a. I'm your neighbour. b. Cut Nia..

You meet a new classmate at school. Use the expressions and responses you have learned. Ask his/her name. 7. 4. Introduce yourself to him/ her. Your brother/sister brings his/her friends to the house. you meet your father's friend. When you are going shopping with your father. How did you feel on your holiday? 4 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Introduce yourself to them. 1. 5. 2. hometown and address. 4. Where does the dialogue take place? How many persons are involved in the dialogue? What does the girl do while waiting for her friend? What does Lina say to a girl at first? How does the girl respond to Lina's introduction? How does Fanny introduce Lina to Santi? What does Lina say at the end of the dialogue? Activity 6 Work in pairs and make a dialogue based on the following situations. 4. 2. You can add any information related to the questions. 5. You introduce yourself to a new English teacher in the classroom. 1. Did you have unforgettable experiences on your holiday? Tell it briefly. 1.Activity 5 Listen to another dialogue and answer the following questions while you are listening. 3. 6. 3. You introduce yourself to a new neighbour and ask him/her to come to your house. Where did you go on your last holiday? 2. What did you do on your last holiday? 3. Activity 7 Answer these questions.

Mitha a.. 7. 5. Mr. Mirna : What did you do before you left Bali? Toni : On the last day. It was a great experience to see many beautiful places and have a talk with tourists there. Sir. I swam and surfed on the beach. c. sit down. 8. Mirna. 2. Then practise it with your friend. I had a great vacation there.Activity 8 Listen carefully to the following dialogue and study it. d. d. I see. Johny? Mr. What did you do there? Toni : My family and I spent four nights there in a bungalow in Kuta beach. 3. was /wəz/ did /dɪd/ had /həd/ went /went/ left /left/ swam /swæm/ bought /bɔ:t/ surfed /sɜ:fd/ played /pleɪd/ visited /vɪzɪtɪd/ UN Shot Mitha : Good morning. Mirna : Wow. it's nice to hear your story. and also traditional clothes. I went to Bali. nice to meet you too. Mitha : Oh. It's a wonderful place with beautiful beaches and sceneries. nice to meet you again after long holiday. Listen to these past tense verbs taken from the dialogue and repeat after your teacher. 6. 10. 1. 4. Mirna : Hi. b. Mirna : What else did you do there? Toni : The next morning I visited another small island around Bali on a boat. It sounds great. shorts. Johny. How are you Good morning How do you do You're welcome It's all right (UAN 2004) Activity 9 It's Nice to See You 5 . 9. He is one of the judges in the speech contest attended last week.. How do you do Mr.. I bought shirts. Toni : Hello. I hope that I can also visit Bali someday. This is Mr. Mirna : Anyway. Johny : . Unfortunately I couldn't afford to buy a surfing board because it was too expensive. Toni. I went to the merchandise shops and bought some stuffs there.. I also played football and sand with my brother. Harry : Good morning Mit. where did you go on the last holiday? Toni : Well. Mirna : Well.

See you soon. Last Saturday I (get) on the bus and (go) to the north and of the island. and the weather's a lot better (as/ than) at home. 1st 2008 Dear Evi and Andi. Can you (believe) it? Most days were pretty (lazy/lazily). the food's great. but he was afraid to open his mouth. It was much (quiet) there than here–very beautiful. but no tourists. Love to your parents. but my brother Fachri just (spend) all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed. It was a really great place. Fachri actually (speak) it quite well. The next day we (go) across to the east coast (see) some of the old villages. I (hope). Event 1: Event 2: 6 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Just a note to let you know that we (have) a wonderful holiday in Bali.Activity 10 Listen to the tape carefully. Correct the words in the brackets based on what you heard. Aisha Activity 11 Listen to the tape and fill in the following form based on the text you heard. The people are friendly. so I was the one who talked to people. Yogyakarta April. I (learn) Balinese–I still can't (say) much. but it was fun to try. I (swim) two or three times a day.

Asep. 'companion' and 'partner' are good choices. Asep : Elvi.Speaking In this section. Asep : Nice to meet you too. In the case of unmarried couples who are living together. perform a monologue of recount texts. 1. Denias : Hi. let me introduce myself. How are you? Asep : I'm fine. I'm from Papua. make the relationship clear by adding a phrase such as 'my boss'.ivillage. How about you? Sri : I'm fine too. Source: www. Dialogue 1 Today is the commemoration of National Education Day. Denias and Asep go to the crowd and they meet a girl. Denias : Hi.com Study the following dialogues. my new friend. Thank you. 2. I study at SMAN 19 Bandung. this is Denias. I'm Denias. Asep : Hello. you will learn how to: • • • introduce yourself and others. 'my wife' or 'my uncle'. It's Nice to See You 7 . say greetings and partings. Let's go to the crowd. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. Sri : How do you do? Pleased to meet you too. 3. What will you say when you have to introduce yourself to someone you didn't know before? Is it alright if you ask his/her name after introducing yourself? Is it alright to ask his/her age? Activity 2 New Horizon If the person you are introducing has a specific relationship to you. My name is Ali. Act them out with your friends'. Denias : By the way. Sri : Hi. what is your hobby? Sri : I like cooking very much. Nice to meet you. I can spend my whole day for cooking. Every province in Indonesia sends their representatives to attend outstanding students gathering in Jakarta.

Cipto. Cipto : That's very kind of you. Andi : Not at all.Denias UN Shot Jack : Rita . Cipto : Great. Read the dialogues once again. . a. Andi : How do you do. You must be tired. Asep : Alright my friends. Don is my friend b. introducing. I'd like you to meet my friend Don e. Please introduce your self to Don (UN 2003/2004) : Wow. I'm Cipto Susanto. Yani : Hello. Are you Henri? Cipto : Yes. Andi : OK. Cipto? I'm Andi from University of Jakarta. his new colleague at the airport. Nice to see you. let's talk about cooking later. Andi : Nice to meet you. too. Cipto : How do you do. Rita : Pleased to meet you. Cipto : Pleased to meet you.. Denias and Sri : Let's go. thanks. Cipto this is Yani. Let me introduce you to my friend Yani this is Cipto. Don't you know Don is my friend d. Can you identify the expressions of greetings.. then. How's the trip? Yani : Well.. Nice to meet you. Dialogue 2 Cipto waiting for Andi and Yani. We should go to the palace to meet the President of Indonesia. great. Cipto. Cipto. too. meeting and parting? Activity 3 8 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Don wants to meet you c. Will you tell me how to cook special foods from your province? I'd like to know them. It's nice and exciting. Andi : Excuse me. Andi : Let me help you to bring your suitcase. It was fine. Did you have a good journey? Cipto : Yes. Thanks. Don : Pleased to meet you too. My hobby is cooking too. I'll take you to the Hotel first. We can talk about cooking later.

It's Nice to See You 9 . Let me introduce you to . Yes.. I'm .. Do you know .. Hi! I'm . thanks. Goodbye. introducing. See you.. Excuse me my name's . Bye. Good evening..What to Say Study the following expressions of greetings...... Goodbye..... Good afternoon... My name is ... Good morning.. Hi! Responses • • • • Good night. How are you? How do you do? How're you doing? Hi! Partings More Formal Less Formal • • • • Good night.. My name's .. Greetings More Formal Responses • • • • • • • • Good morning. Hello! My name is .. This .. Fine.. Hello. How do you do? Not bad. See you later. here's Peter. Jeny– Peter • • • • • • • • • Less Formal First let me introduce myself.. Oh look. it's been so nice. Allow me to introduce my self. Good evening. meeting and parting.. Introducing yourself More Formal Introducing someone • • • • • • • • I would like to introduce you to . I'd like you to meet . Bye.. How do you do? My name is . Less Formal • • • • • • • • • Good morning.... Allow me to introduce . How nice to see you Hello. Good afternoon. Peter–Jeny.

Wayan is your friend.v Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. Budi : That's great. introduces you to Tini. Some words have plural forms ending in an /s/ sound. He introduces Sofyan. to you. /s/ /z/ • book-books /bʊks/ • day-days /deɪz/ • group-groups /gruːps/ • flag-flags /flægz/ • shout-shouts /∫aʊts/ • leaf-leaves /li:vz/ • chief-chiefs /t∫iːfs/ • dog-dogs /dɔgz/ • state-states /steɪts/ • wife-wives /waɪfz/ Activity 4 Work in pairs and complete the dialogue. At a meeting. your friend. your English teacher. I also stay there on eleventh floor. 4 . Activity 5 Work in groups and perform a dialogue based on the following situations. Some have plural forms ending in a /z/ sound. 4. 2. Sorry. to your father. 10 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Rendi : See you then. In the classroom. Dewi. her sister. Then practise it with your partner. I have to get going. Rendi : Mine's on tenth floor. Budi : 5 . . Budi : Anyway. Rendi : 3 Budi : Do you somehow stay around here? Rendi : Yeah. his brother. Haven't we met before? Budi : 1 Rendi : I don't think so. Reni. you introduce Mr Lubis. You introduce yourself to Mr Hutagalung and he responds to the introduction. Goodbye. Budi introduces himself to Rendi on the way home from the school. 2 Budi. 3. I stay in the Uptown Apartment on fifth Avenue. 1.

played magic tricks. so we built a fire camp. You : Did you have a good weekend? Your friend : Yes. 1. No. It was great. We reached the camping ground after we walked for about one and a half hour from the parking lot. On Monday. In the afternoon we went to the river and caught some fish for supper. 4. Name Deni Activities Played football Time/When? Sunday afternoon Special Events He made a goal. 2. we packed our bags and got ready to go home. Activity 8 Read aloud the following text. danced. my friends and I went camping. Then complete the following table with different names. We built the camp next to a small river. we spent our time observing plantation and insects while the girls were preparing meals. 5. I had a lovely time. Last weekend. Look at the following example. It was getting darker and colder. 3. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation. At night. read poetry. I went to theatre and I watched a great movie. 2. and even some of us performed a standing comedy. We sang. For example: 1. Study the events. Text by Agus Molgana It's Nice to See You 11 . The next day. we held a fire camp night. Activity 7 Ask other students about their weekend and their special experiences. You : What did you do on your last weekend? Your friend : It was alright.Activity 6 Ask your partner and say what you did last weekend. I didn't do anything special.

4.m p.m p.m pm p.30 3. Activity 12 Now make your own timeline on last your last weekend and present it to the class. 12 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What did we do last weekend? How long did we reach the camping ground? When did we build the camp? What did we do on the next day? What activities did we do at the night of a fire camp night? Activity 10 Work in pairs and match the following time line with its activities.m accompanied my mother to shop had Padang food for dinner attended an extracurricular activity helped my uncle water the flowers tidied my bedroom went swimming watched TV and ate snacks prepared shoes for jogging visited my grandma's house did homework and watched TV Activity 11 After setting the timeline into a good order in Activity 10.m p. Saturday Sunday 6.30 1 4 7 9 5 10 12. 1.Activity 9 Answer these questions based on the text in Activity 8.m a. 3.m p.30 6 a.m p.m a. in groups make your oral recount by referring to the activity in each time. 2. 5.

I said 'no' at first. 7. D' Masive had a new record that was number two in the top twenty. 2002 Activity 3 Answer these following questions based on the text in Activity 2. 5. but he really wanted me to have it. I wasn't sure exactly where it was. but I walked with him to the end of Sunda Street. Meeting a Star On Saturday morning at 9:30. and his face looked so familiar. 8. I found the record store and listened to a few records. I decided to buy it. Activity 1 Answer these following questions. 1. 3. read and understand recount texts. 2. How was he when he knew who the man was? It's Nice to See You 13 . He was very friendly. It was a photo. looking for a record store. He thanked me and tried to give me something. I was walking down Sunda Street. Do you have any interesting experience to tell? Can you recall it? Will you tell your experience to your friend? Activity 2 Read the following text about someone's experience. 3. Then I remembered where the Hyatt was and told him how to get there. you will learn how to: • • identify the structure of recount texts. 6.Reading In this section. I thought it was money. I looked in my bag for my wallet and found a piece of paper the man gave me. A man stopped me and asked me the way to the Hyatt Hotel. so I took it. Where was the writer? What was he doing? What did the man ask the writer? How was the man's character? Did the writer help the man? What did the writer decide to buy? What did he find in his wallet? Explain. I was so surprised! He was a singer in D' Masive! Adapted from New Horizons in English 4. 2. 1. 4.

He walked for two miles. b. 4. but of course I missed it. I wanted to take a taxi. 3.focus on individual people ie use the words. How far did the writer walk? a. Next. He had a terrible day. b. I or we .edu. Because he didn't set alarm clock. My Day I had a terrible day yesterday. After breakfast. crutched. c. He walked for three miles.au. c. d. He gets a terrible day. d. I was in such a hurry that I burned my hand when I was making breakfast.Activity 4 Read the text and choose the correct answer to the following questions. I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off.lmpc. c. 2003 New Horizon When writing recounts you should: . b. He has a terrible day.use action words eg helped. He ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. b. Source: www. I got dressed so quickly that I forgot to wear socks. Then. Taken from Ready to Write. visited . He got a terrible day. I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday. What happened to the writer yesterday? a. Because he didn't see alarm clock. He walked for five miles. d. but I didn't have enough money. 1. He burned his hand when he was making breakfast. Because his alarm clock didn't work. d.use words which indicate when (eg after lunch) and where the events took place (eg in the shed) . 2. Why did he wake up an hour late? a.write in the past tense eg had. Because his alarm clock didn't go off. c. He got dressed so quickly that he forgot to wear socks. What did he do after having breakfast? a. He walked for four miles. First. 14 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Finally. He wear socks so quickly that he forgot to get dressed.

c. ran out /rʌn aʊt/ 3. 1. Generic Structure • Orientation: provides the setting and introduces participants. quickly /kwiklɪ/ Activity 6 Paragraph • Read and study the text structure of the recount text in Activity 4. First. I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus. burned /bɜ:nd/ 7. d. The writer hopes that yesterday will be better. Activity 5 Read the words taken from the text and find their synonyms. in what sequence. I had a terrible day yesterday. but of course I missed it. It's Nice to See You 15 . The writer hopes to take a taxi. The writer hopes to discover that it was Sunday.5. but I didn't have enough money (paragraph 2) Finally. forgot /fə'gɒt/ 5. b. missed /mɪsd/ 6. I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off (paragraph 1) Next. What does the writer hope? a. The writer hopes he never had a day like yesterday. wanted /wɒntɪd/ 2. walked /wɔ:kd/ 4. woke up /wɒk ʌp/ 8. Events: tell what happened. I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday (paragraph 3) • • • • Re-orientation: optional closure of events. I wanted to take a taxi. hurry /hʌrɪ/ 9. terrible /'terəbl/ 10.

I practiced the lines to almost all girls I met at my lunch. I woke up at about five o'clock yesterday. I met her at four o'clock. I had my lunch but I wasn't enjoying it either. It wasn't a regular day. I had my early breakfast. I wrapped my works and got ready to pick her up and of course proposed her. Then she said "Yes. I thought it was the perfect time to ask her to be my wife. So. Then I said the lines that I practiced the whole afternoon. I reached my pocket to get a ring and put it around her finger. I was a little bit crazy. Work in pairs. I was thinking about the lines that I had to say to her. 2002 Grammar Review Using Prepositions of Time It is important to use correct prepositions to show time relationship." After driven her home I went back to my house. because I was about to propose a girl. She smiled. After praying and taking a bath. I remembered all my lines.Activity 7 Read the following text and identify its text structure. Study the prepositions of time and the example. Finally. Yes. At about nine o'clock I was in my office but my soul wasn't there. At one o'clock. took a little walk and went to a movie. it was three o'clock. At seven. we had a romantic dinner. • • • • • • Use at with specific times: at 5:00/at 7:30/at noon/ at midnight Use from and to with a span of time: from 6:00 to 9:00/from 1941 to 1945 Use in with other parts of the day: in the afternoon/ in the morning/in the evening (exception: at night) Use in with months: in August/in June Use in with years: in 19999/in 2001 Use in with seasons: in the spring/in the summer/ in the winter 16 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Taken from New Horizons in English.

au It's Nice to See You 17 . 4:00 the afternoon. She takes the train Saturday 9. 3.00 the morning and arrives in Singapore 10:45. She was born October 31. 2001/on New Year's Eve Activity 8 Complete the sentences with the correct prepositions. 5.lmpc.• • Use on with days of the week: on Sunday/on Tuesday/ on Friday Use on with specific dates: on June 30 on April 21. 1995 1998. I would leave home at 8 am on the dot and make my way down the lane. I had to show her my shoes that I had cleaned the night before and my school bag had to be neatly put on my shoulder before I could get near the door. After a walk of about 700 metres I would be able to see the tall steeple of the school. My mother got me ready for school then I had to wait for her to brush my hair and place every strand in just the perfect position. Activity 9 Read the following text and identify the prepositions of time in the text. Adapted from www. I lived in Jakarta Linda was born 1952. 1. 4. I'll meet you for lunch Tuesday noon.edu. Only after my mother was totally satisfied would I be allowed to rush out of the front door. Rudi goes to Singapore every weekend. The playground would be full in the summer and the noise would make me want to rush into the yard and get into a good game of football before the bell went. 2.

2. Speechless. Activity 1 Answer the following questions. 5. This morning Andika called me. 5. you will learn how to: • • arrange recount texts. 4. Write it in your diary. Do you have a diary? What do people usually write in it? What sort of advantages can people get from writing it? Have you ever written your past experience in a diary? If yes. Answer the questions that follow. 3.00 p. Happy.m. My heart beat faster when I heard his voice. 1. 2. When did Luna write her diary above? Who called her? How did she feel when Andika called her? Did she know where Andika got her number? How is Luna's feeling for Andika? Do you think she likes him? 18 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 4. Lovely Luna Text by Apel Your Project You might have an interesting experience lately. write recount texts. 3. March. It will be so much fun when you read what you have written a few years later. I wondered from whom he got my cell phone number.Writing In this section. 1. I was surprised. Confuse. 28th 2008 08. what was it about? Activity 2 Pay attention to the following diary.

00 1. First. I spent a week in New York and then flew to London and enjoyed several weeks in Europe.Activity 3 Arrange the following sentences into the correct order..00-10. Activity 4 Study the following schedule. . Deri saved his money and spent two months travelling around the world. He wrote his journey in his diary..00-1.30-9.. It's Nice to See You 19 . I flew from his home in Mexico City to New York City.00 12.30-12.30-11. I took a train to Istanbul and visited many places in Asia.00-3. I went to south America and finally back home to Indonesia.00 9. I came in to the class and greeted the students.00 greet new students give test to new students order new text books make phone calls have lunch with teachers observe classes For example: Last week I had a busy schedule in my class.30 11. At 08. Write a paragraph that telling past events based on the schedule.30 10. Remember to begin with topic sentences. Arrange them so they follow a logical time order. Then use all the sentences to write the paragraph. When I had seen the sights in Europe. After through Asia. Tuesday 08.30.

I was delighted when she agreed but it was really difficult talking to her. As you read the text. ma ngasirah was a girl from teluk awur village in jepara as the daughter of a noble family. and there was no stopping him. decide the conclusion at each stage. she felt luck because she got more than the ordinary people got. he started talking about himself. but after giving birth to a son.com Activity 6 Read this story. her father was rmaa.recount. her mother. she is our national heroine and a great lady with the bright idea kartini was born in 1879 april 21 in mayong jepara. However I explained that it was time for my piano practice. his name was singgih. nowadays indonesian women progress is influenced by kartini's spirit stated on collection of letter habis gelap terbitlah terang from the dusk to the dawn Adapted from www. 20 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Rewrite it using your own words. in september 13 1904 she gave a birth to her son. but her spirit and dream will always be in our heart. she got better education than other children in november 12 1903 she married adipati djoyodiningrat. then she moved to rembang. I had to carry on the whole conversation myself.Activity 5 Punctuate and capitalise the following text. so I rang her and asked her for a date. according to javanese tradition kartini had to follow her husband. She wouldn't say a word.peperonity. r a kartini every april 21 people in indonesia commemorate the kartini day. Write it in your workbook. His story Maya is a friend of Galih. He telephoned me and invited me to see a film and I accepted. I couldn't have got in a word edgewise even if I had wanted to. He told me that she was really pretty and had a lovely personality. everyone knows who kartini is. sosroningrat wedana (assistant of head of regency) in mayong. Blind Date The phone call Her story Doni got my name from a friend. the head of rembang regency. it is beautiful day for the woman because we celebrate the birth of great lady ra. her condition was getting worse and she finally passed away on september 17 1904 on her 25 years old now kartini has gone. kartini.

Then he suggested that we took a bus. He also made a loud noise eating his popcorn. I told her she looked lovely! The movie Her story He laughed so loudly that everybody turned round to look at us. His story She was a real bore. It was awful. Her Mom answered the door and asked me what I wanted. but I think she wanted to go somewhere more expensive. and you should have seen Maya's face when she first came to the door! As we walked to the bus stop she grumbled that Galih always took her out by car. She behaved terribly. I never want to see him again. She refused everything that I offered her. I explained that I was Maya's date. but she kept muttering throughout. I wanted to crawl into a hole. His story I got there on time. 2002 It's Nice to See You 21 . His story I would never call her again. Adapted from New Horizons in English 4. She's a real snob. His story She let me order the most expensive dish on the menu and she didn't even touch a bite. and never apologized. I almost died of embarrassment.The arrival Her story When he came to pick me up. When I came to the door and saw the ridiculous outfit he was wearing. She explained that she was still full from lunch. The future Her story Would I go out with him again? You must be joking. He was so insensitive. One date with her was more than enough. I whispered 'be quiet' several times but it had no effect. and insisted on ordering a whole meal for me. I was getting ready. I think she was impressed by my suit. I wasn't even hungry. The meal Her story He took me to a cafe. The film was very funny. I didn't know where to look.

e.Activity 7 Look at the pictures and arrange the sentences in the correct order to form a meaningful paragraph based on the pictures. d. nobody knew where the plane had crashed. After a few weeks. b. c. So the passengers had to learn how to hunt for food in the jungle and how to catch fish from the sea to eat. 22 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Although the passengers were safe. It was an American movie called The Lost Flight. a. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 It was an interesting film about a plane which crashed on a small empty island in the Pacific Ocean. the passengers were eating raw fish and meat.

The film ended without saying whether the passengers were rescued or not. i. Decide one that the group think is the most unforgettable. She put the things on her list in time order. But their boat sank and they were drowned. My sister and I went to see a film last night. Remember to begin with a topic sentence and use signal words. Activity 10 Now think of your most memorable experience and write it like a diary entry. 1.f. 2. 3. • • • • • • buy food for dinner at supermarket pick up birthday cake at bakery clean house make dinner wrap present set table Activity 9 Work in groups of four and everyone should share his/her unforgettable experience. Vicki had a birthday for her friend. k. j. But my sister and I enjoyed the film. She made a list of things she had to do before the party. It showed how people can quickly change when they have to look after themselves in the jungle. h. 4. Then write a diary and tell it in front of the class. What was it? When and where did it happen? Who was involved? How was it memorable? And why? It's Nice to See You 23 . three of the men made a boat and sailed away to find help. g. Activity 8 Yesterday. Consider the following. Use her list to write a paragraph about the things she had to do. After they had been on the island for two months.

3. answer the questions: 1. b. If you find some difficulties. Introducing • Hi. • Good evening.Chapter Summary 1. I am Deri. perform a monologue of recount texts. identify the structure of recount texts. What do you say when you need to leave the person you're talking to? 4.Events : . to retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining provides the setting and introduces participants tell what happened. 2. 24 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . introduce yourself and others. • Good morning.Re-orientation : 2. 4. How do you introduce yourself? 2. What do you say to greet people? 3. say greetings and goodbye. identify ideational meaning in the recount texts. meeting and parting. you are expected to be able to: 1.Orientation : . consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. write a recount text. 7. • See you later. respond to the expressions of introducing. • Hello. • Good night. respond to oral instructions. Greeting • Hi! • Hello. Parting • Goodbye. 5. Language Functions a. c. my name is Dewi. 8. 6. Now. in what sequence optional-closure of events Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. Genre Recount Social function : Generic structure . Write your last holiday experience and tell it to your friends.

Chapter 2 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n I'm Sorry to Hear That In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • • • • • Responding to expression of happiness Responding to expressions of sympathy and showing affection Responding to narrative texts Using expression of happiness Using expressions of sympathy and showing affection Performing a monologue of narrative texts Identifying the structure of a narrative text Reading narrative texts Developing a paragraph of a narrative text Writing a narrative text Speaking: Reading: Writing: 25 .

She couldn't even stand up because she broke her ankle. What will you do or say to show your sympathy? 7. The debate team of your school won the national debate competition. you will learn how to: • • • respond to expression of happiness. What do you think of the situations? Are there good news or bad news? 2. What will you do or say to show your happiness? 6. Activity 1 Study the following situations and answer the questions. respond to narrative texts. Will you be surprised especially when hearing the bad news? 26 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What do you feel when you hear a bad news? 4.Listening In this section. Your friend's father suddenly passed away soon after he got off from the bus. Your English teacher told you that you score in the last test is excellent. • • • • • • You are informed that your father has just got promotion in his workplace. How do you respond to someone telling you a good and a bad news? 5. respond to expressions of sympathy and showing affection. Your friend hurt himself when playing football. What do you feel when you hear a good news? 3. 1. Your sister slipped and she was in such pain.

How terrible! I'm delighted to hear that. a. 4. Is that right? How nice! I'm happy with that. a. 2. I'm Sorry to Hear That 27 . Is that right? That's too bad. b. 3. How poor she is. b. For example: You will hear: My sister got a car accident last night. Oh. b. Oh. repeat the words and expressions. 3. 7. b. The best response is …. 5. Oh really? That's too bad. 4. It gives me satisfaction. Words good news happy happiness bad news sympathy affection terrible condolence Expressions It's really great. I'm delighted to hear that. that's good news. b. b. 1. 2. I'm sorry to hear that. 8. Oh really? That's great. No. Oh really? I'm sorry to hear that. a. a. 5. The correct response is (b) Oh really? I'm sorry to hear that. Oh really? It is nice to hear that. 1.Activity 2 Listen to the tape carefully. that's bad news. I'm so happy. 6. Then. I'm very sorry to hear that! That is a pity/shame! Are you OK? What a terrible situation! Please accept my condolences! Activity 3 Listen to the tape and choose the best response from the expressions you hear. a. a.

New Horizon What's the difference between sympathy and empathy? Sympathy is the act of imagining and interpreting the thoughts. Pay attention to the expressions for showing happiness. Dialogue 1 Hani gets a gift from her mother. Andi : Oh 3 . his friend. She is very happy. Mother: You are a wonderful daughter for us. Mom. Andi : I'll 6 in the hospital right away. Mom? Mother: Perhaps after dinner. experiences. He broke his legs. and perspectives of others from their own lens (e. Frankly we both are so 2 for your performance at school.about. Mother: My dear daughter. has just got an accident. experiences. Hani : Thanks for your praise. their history.g. 1 that Rudi fell off when he was riding his motorcycles? Andi : Oh really? 2 ! What happened? Deni : He was riding in a big storm. priorities and values). sympathy and affection. Where is he now? Is he in the hospital? Deni : He is still in the Emergency Unit of Sumber Waras Hospital.Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogues. Hani : Thanks Mom. Empathy the act of attempting to understand the thoughts. Hani : Hooray! That's 1 . I am also 3 to have parents like you both.com 28 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Dialogue 2 Deni tells Andi bad news. our history. he was such in pain. Father will buy a new pair of shoes for you. and perspectives of others from our own lens (e. Source: www. Andi : He wasn't. your father said that he would take you to the department store.g. I'm so 4 to be your Mom. He couldn't 4 . experiences. was he? Deni : He was. Rudi. He must have skidded in the rain. Deni : Hi. Was he badly injured? Deni : Sure. 5 Andi : . experiences. priorities and values). Andi. When do we go there.

2. 3. He was in hospital for five weeks. 8. 7. 6. Name Rani Listen to the statements and complete the following table.000 credit bonus. 5. It's got Rp. 1.000. Types of the Story fairy tales Title of the Story Cinderella 1. Congratulations. 7. 4. on the TV news. Activity 6 Listen to the following dialogue and answer these questions based on what you heard. You get a free ticket for this holiday. 100. You are excellent and brilliant. Well done. Rendi was knocked down by a car. Rendy got a serious cancer disease? 6. He was arrested for traffic violence.Activity 5 Listen and study these expressions. Then make the best response for each expression. Many people died and got serious injured. 2. I've lost my wallet somewhere. Number one has been done for you. 4. I'm Sorry to Hear That 29 . You got a great mark for the final test. 3. 2. Yesterday.on it. 4. You get Rp 10. 3. 1. What is the dialogue about? Who are involved in the dialogue? What is Boni looking for? What kind of books does he need? What do you know about folktales? Do you like to read or hear stories? What kind of stories do you like? What is your favourite story? Activity 7 No. Did you hear that Mr. I saw a bad thunder storm in California. 5. 8. I heard that Budi was in jail.

"Are you carrying that basket to your grandmother?" 3 the wolf. they usually give their information about: • the setting (the place. Then. She had approached no nearer than twenty-five feet from the bed when she 7 it was not her grandmother but the wolf. When the little girl 5 the door of her grandmother's house.Activity 8 Listen to the tape and complete the following story. listen to your teacher reading another story and complete the table. So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived and the little girl told him and he 4 into the woods. for even in a nightcap a wolf doesn't look anymore like your grandmother than 8 lion looks like Calvin Coolidge. the little girl came along and she was carrying a basket of food. 2004 Activity 9 Study the following explanation. Finally. a big wolf 1 in the dark forest for a little girl to come along carrying 2 to her grandmother. However. The Little Girl and the Wolf James Thurber One afternoon. Taken from Readings to Remember. time) • the characters (the people in the story) • the events (the conflict in the story) • the outcome (what happened in the end) Setting Characters Events Outcome 30 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . she saw there was somebody in bed with a nightcap and 6 . So the little girl took an automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead. The little girl said yes she was. Different writers organise their stories in different ways.

He looks sad. you will learn how to: • • • use expression of happiness. What do you say to show your sympathy? 5. use expressions of sympathy and showing affection. 9. What a shame. What do you usually say when you are pleased or happy? 2. 2. 3. perform a monologue of narrative texts. I'm Sorry to Hear That 31 . 6. What a nice news. 7. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. I know how it feels. 8. Please accept my condolences! What a terrible situation for you. It gives me a great pleasure. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation.Speaking In this section. What will you say to show your affection? Activity 2 Read and practise the following expressions. 5. I'm really sorry to hear that! Oh that's awful. 4. Are you fine? Oh dear. 1. What do you usually say when you want to attract someone's attention? 3. It's really great. I'm so happy. One of your friends had an accident. I'm delighted to hear that. 1. Your brother has a problem. 10. It makes me happy. Do you have different expressions when showing your happiness in front of your friends and elderly people? If yes. what are the expressions? 4.

Basri : Of course. I can't still believe that she's gone. Ali. You don't look very happy. Basri : Hi. Ivan. 32 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Retno : Yes. Dialogue 1 Retno gets a good news about her job application. However. Mother : I'm right here. The italicised sentence is used to express . So her death was really a shock for me and my family. I'm pretty sure next week will be better for you. Is everything alright? Ali : Well. Dialogue 2 Basri shows his sympathy to his friend. Mother : Yes. I am going to work. UN Shot X : I haven't met John for three days. Mommy…. She was badly hurt because of a car accident.. : Oh. this week has been so terrible for me. that's wonderful. Basri : Was she ill or something before she died? Ali : No. no. Pay attention to your expressions. Retno : Mommy. I hope so. d. What happened to him? : He was sent to the hospital because of his sickness. Then act them out in front of the class. I hope he'll be better soon. poor John. It's always hard to lose someone you love.Activity 3 Read and practise the following dialogues. I'm so happy right now. c. where is mom? Father : She is back there. Go tell your daddy. e. What actually happened? Ali : My grandmother passed away on Tuesday. Basri : Oh really? What happened? Ali : She was driving a car and suddenly a speedy truck bumped into her car in front.. It's lovely. you know. She is very happy. b. Retno : Dad. Basri : Really? I'm sorry to hear that. I will. What's up? Retno : Mom.. I sent a job application to a big international company near the downtown a couple of days ago and just now I got a phone call from the company that I get accepted. pleasure agreement sympathy expectation satisfaction (UAN 2005) Y X a. Ali : Thanks. Come on.

sorry to hear that. I do sympathise (I assure you). sympathy and affection. I know how it feels Oh what a shame .. I'm extremely sorry to hear that. It gives me a great pleasure. I'm delighted to hear that. Oh that's awful. Showing Happiness More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • It's really great. I'm so happy.. I'm Sorry to Hear That 33 . I'm with you. Nice news! Or good News! It makes me happy. Showing Affection (Giving Attention) More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • What should I do to cheer you up? I really care about you? Don't you worry.What to Say Study the following expressions of showing happiness. What's wrong with you? Hope you will be fine. What a terrible situation for you. Oh dear.. Are you OK? Showing Sympathy More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • You have my deepest sympathy. Hooray! It's lovely.

Use the expressions you have learned. Wandi : Mommy. Sir. I'm for you. Dialogue 1 Wandi gets a scholarship. Mother : Oh really. Mother : I'm right here. Your English teacher told you that you score in the last test is excellent. Mr Andrew : Oh. mommy…. Then practise them with your friends'. 1. Eka : Thank you. I'm . Express your sympathy in the dialogue. Ranti : Thanks Mom. Then act them out with your friends'. Activity 5 Now. Mr Andrew : What can I do for you. Eka : Excuse me. You have my sincere . 34 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. Don't worry about this project. What's up? Ranti : Mom. make dialogues based on the following situations. My teacher told me that I am one of the students who get a scholarship from a national University in Jakarta. He is very happy. Take all the time you need. I'm afraid I cannot finish my job at the moment. Eka? Eka : Well. that's excellent. Your friend's father has passed away. Dialogue 2 Eka asks her boss to have a few days off because her father has passed away. I'm so now. but I have just received a call from my mother telling me that my father has passed away. Sir. Sir. Eka : I know that Sir. you know what. I'll take .Activity 4 Work in pairs and complete the dialogues with the expressions you have learned. Mr Andrew : Are you serious? We need to finish this project right away.

his father told him that if he had helped the miners to dig. His father later told him that he should have tried to settle the quarrel. only to be thrown out by the people. What do you know about storytelling? Did you ever tell a story to your friend? If yes. He stepped in to stop the fight and was gored to death by angry bulls. Rushing to the place. the people there would have bought salt from him. what was the story about? What can you get from a story? Activity 7 Read aloud the following story. he went to a village where there happened to be a fire. In the next place he went to. The man next went to a house where a wedding was taking place. if he wanted to sell salt there. This made the people angry and they chased him away. Pay attention to your intonation and expressions. In the final event. his I'm Sorry to Hear That 35 . When he returned home. Do a storytelling to your friends. His father told him that he should have poured water on the fire instead. 2. a couple were fighting with each other. Blind Listening father told him that if he had beaten a drum and danced instead. again to be chased away. Then. in which case they would have bought salt from him. 4. he started drumming and dancing. the man saw two bulls fighting with each other. He first went to a mining area but nobody there wanted his salt. 3.Activity 6 Answer the following questions. they would have bought his salt. 1. Taken from English Bestseller 12. The foolish man poured a bucketful of water on them. 2001 A stupid man was sent by his father to sell salt. When he returned home. There he dug a huge hole.

. 2. quarrel /'kwɒrɘl/ Activity 8 Find a story that you know well. Make the storytelling as interesting as possible. 3. 1. pour /pɔ:/ 4. 1. Identify the setting. throw /θrɘʊ/ 6. dance /dɑ:ns/ 7. Use the following steps as your guide.Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. its amount is two hundred dollars for each of his son. His house is large and located in the town of Keelung.. he gave them much money. dug /dʌg/ 2. death /deθ/ 8. There was a rich man having three sons. Can't you imagine that .) 36 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . stupid /'stju:pɪd/ 9. Make sure that you fully understand the story. events and outcome of the story. village /'vɪlɪdʒ/ 10. characters. Retell it in front of the class.. salt /sɔ:lt/ 3. Example: Let me tell you something. (Continue your storytelling using your own words. This is a story of three foolish sons in northern Taiwan. Well. It could be a folk tale or a legend. chase /tʃeɪs/ 5. As their sons were no longer children.

folk tale d. May 10. fable b. superhero c. by Sue Robinson. legend The following is the titles of two books and brief summaries of them. identify meanings and information in narrative texts. I'm Sorry to Hear That 37 . a. Bear in the Barnyard. Activity 1 Answer these questions. At once curious and confident. His questions never end and he wishes he were needed like the animals seem to be. little Bear explores the farm with all the wonder and condor of a child.com Visit www. you will learn to: • • • identify the structure of narrative texts. Choose one of your favourites. And so he experiments considerably. 2004 Teddy Bear meets real farm animals. fantasy g. and retell it in front of your class. Decide the types of them. 1. a Englishclub.Reading In this section. Use your dictionary to check new words. Do you enjoy reading? The following is a list of different types of stories. 2. illustrated by Tony Morris 3. adventure e. Source: Publishers Weekly. read and understand narrative texts. com to read fairy tales from 'The Brothers Grimm'.grimmfairytales. science-fiction f.

these monsters flee the bedroom when they discover the child.5% 7. Activity 2 Study the chart below and answer the questions that follow. warty and winged. What type of fiction do you like most? Others Adventure 10% Science-fiction 15% 25% 10 5% Superhero 12. 2004 The book's crazy collection of worried creatures is scared–not scary–and your child will know it's true. Hairy green.5% Folk tale Legend 10% 15% Crime detection Fantasy Total: 100% = 40 38 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .b Under the Bed. spiney red. by Paul Bright. May 10. It shows you types of fiction read by students in a class. illustrated by Ben Cort Source: Publishers Weekly.

"What stupid sons I have!" He said. They had spent all their money uselessly. You must do the same. I am not going to leave you very much money. What type of fiction do students like most? How many people read crime detection? What is the least favourite fiction? Can you fill in the blanks with the number of students who read each type of fiction? Activity 3 Read aloud the following text. he said to his sons. "You are no longer children. He thought that hunting would be fine so he bought a gun from him for two hundred dollars. the eldest son tried to shoot a fly on his father's forehead. You must do something to earn your own living. When the rich man heard what his sons had done with the money he had given them. When I die. The third son tried to cure his father with medicine which he had bought. 2000 There was a rich man who had three sons. One day. he killed his father. 3. 4. Taken from Favourite Stories from Taiwan. Instead. Pay attention to your intonation and pronunciation in reading the story. He bought it from him for two hundred dollars. 2." I'm Sorry to Hear That 39 . The eldest son met a hunter. The second son met a basketmaker. The third son met a doctor who told him that he had a medicine which could cure all diseases. You can use it to start your own business. Three Foolish Sons The three sons went off separately. here is two hundred dollars for each of you. He bought a set of tools from him so that he could make baskets. The second son picked up his tools and tried to repair the damage to his father's head. They lived in a large house in the town of Keelung in northern Taiwan. I started with nothing and made a fortune by working hard. he was very angry. Everyone said that the three sons were very foolish.1. One day. Now.

He put his bag on the floor near his table. "It feels so heavy. a young man came to the inn. They loved him very much. It was full of small gold bars. What would you do with your money? 2." he said. 1. "Has anyone seen my bag?" he asked. Sau Ling was having a meal in an inn several miles from Taipei. he picked up his bag. in its place. What would you do with your money? Pretend that you were the rich man. They gave Sau Ling some clothes and money and sent him away. Several years later. After finishing his meal. "That's strange!" he thought. they were very unhappy. The Fortune Teller In the great city of Taipei. Because of this. "One day he will become a thief and cause you a lot of trouble. "You are really very honest. The young man thanked him. He returned the bag to him. there lived a man called Lin and his wife. Activity 5 Read the text and study its text structure. When Sau Ling was a young man." Mr and Mrs Lin were very sad to hear this. a fortune-teller came to the house. They believed what the fortune-teller said." He looked inside. He was wrapped in a blanket and crying. "You must send your son away. "I shall ask my orientation complication 40 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Activity 4 Discuss the following questions with your friends based on the text in Activity 3. Sau Ling was very honest. They took the baby into their house and called him Sau Ling. That evening. Pretend that you were one of the sons of the rich man in the story entitled Three Foolish Sons. They had no children. Then he realised that someone had taken his bag by mistake and left another bag." he said. they found a baby boy outside their door. One day.

"But go home first. The fortune-teller was also present." The young man's father was a rich merchant. 5.resolution father to give you a job. 8. complication. called /kɔ:ld/ found /fəʊnd/ wrapped /ræpd/ cried /kraɪd/ picked /pɪkd/ believed /bɪˈli:vd/ looked /lʊkd/ realised /rɪəlɑɪzd/ returned /rɪˈtɛnd/ thanked /ɵæŋkd/ I'm Sorry to Hear That 41 . 2. 6. 10. The fortune-teller did not know what to say. 4. 7. Mr and Mrs Lin were delighted to see him again. 9. 2000 Every text has its own structure. The structure of narrative text occurs in the text variously. He left the house without saying a word. "and take a holiday. 1. 3. Taken from Favourite Stories from Taiwan. Then find their synonyms. and resolution." he said. He gave Sau Ling a good job. Orientation describes scene and introduces the participants of the story." Sau Ling returned to Taipei. Activity 6 Read the following words taken from the text. The structure of narrative text consists of three parts: orientation. Complication begins when there is a problem in resolution. A text may have only one complication and resolution but another text may have more than one complication and resolution. Sau Ling took them to live with him and they were very happy and contented until the end of their lives. Mr and Mrs Lin never believed in fortune-teller after that. Sau Ling told them what had happened.

But it was nowhere to be seen." It was dark and cool in the cottage where Rosaura lived with her parents. All Rosaura could see were the swaying green stalks of the corn. The afternoon stretched out long and hot. you might have seen a little splash of red in the tall grass. and heading for the fields. Suddenly. Identify the structure of the story based on the example in Activity 5. In her tangled black hair. As the sun reached the far side of the field. She caught a glimpse of Rosaura's red ribbon disappearing around the door. or the wind whispering in the corn? Rosaura was not sure." "Rosaura! Rosaura!" If you were tall enough. listening to the faint sound of her mother's voice. Rosaura jumped up to chase the butterfly. her red ribbon fluttered. "Hasn't Rosaura come back yet?" asked her father as he came through the door.Activity 7 Read this text carefully. But Rosaura was already through the gate. "I'm sure she'll be back soon. where are you going?" called her mother. A Story about Red wanted to go back into the sunshine to play. "It's time for lunch. They rustled above her head where the sky stretched clear and blue. Her skin was brown as a nut from the sun. a bright yellow butterfly darted by. "Rosaura! Rosaura!" Was that the sound of her mother calling. All day long through the hot summers she loved to run in the fields. "Rosaura. Rosaura's father walked back to the cottage. It was her favourite game. As soon as she had finished her food she slipped down from her chair. She 42 Developing English Competencies for Grade X ." called her mother. Rosaura ate her meal quickly. His eyes scanned the fields for Rosaura's red ribbon. She crouched quietly. Her feet were scratched and her toes bruised on stones as she chased after the mice hiding in the corn stalks. "Rosaura! There you are. forgetting all about her hiding game. "Not yet. And if you had looked closer you might have seen a small girl wearing a red ribbon. Rosaura was hiding from her mother and father." said her mother.

The red morning sun lit up their tired faces. Who is the main character of the story? What was Rosaura's favourite game? Why did Rosaura eat her meal quickly? Did Rosaura come back home when the supper was ready? Could Rosaura's mother and father find her? I'm Sorry to Hear That 43 . 2003 Activity 8 Answer these questions based on the story in Activity 7. casting a red glow over the fields.But the supper was ready and still there was no sign of Rosaura. staring over the field. Rosaura's mother and father had never seen such a flower before. Rosaura's mother and father felt so sad. 4. looking for the red ribbon. Her father looked away in disappointment. "I see her!" he cried. is how the red poppy came to be. "She was always happier in the fields. But it was another red flower. Rosaura's mother and father stood at the door of their cottage." said Rosaura's father. Rosaura's parents stood at the edge of the fields and watched the red flowers dancing under the sun." said her mother. but the red petals of a flower. "Rosaura! Rosaura!" Soon the shadows were deep blue in the yard. "Rosaura won't be coming home anymore. As the sun came up bright and strong. when the corn ripened and the evenings grew long. Rosaura's parents called and called all through the night. say the Indians. But they could find no red ribbon. "There she is!" They began to run towards the red ribbon that she had spotted among the corn. Taken from Childcraft: World of Colour." "But the spirits have left us these flowers to remind us of her. In the dawn. "They will stay with us!" Every year. they fetched lamp that lit up patches of corn and grass and startled the sleeping mice. It was too dark to see the red ribbon now. And again they ran towards the dear red ribbon. 5. Now the sun had set. 2. And that. But oh! It wasn't Rosaura's ribbon at all. they stood alone and sad amongst the corn. 3. "Look!" cried Rosaura's mother suddenly. Rosaura's parents began to walk and call for her in the field. As night fell. 1. Rosaura's mother and father looked around the field. It was filled with red flowers swaying and fluttering in the tall grass.

Did Rosaura eat her meal quickly? Did her father look away in disappointment? Question In affirmative sentence we use verb in past form whereas in negative and question sentences we use infinitive. What did Rosaura's father say about the red flowers filled the field? 9. Why did Rosaura's mother think that Rosaura wouldn't be coming home anymore? 8. existing in ancient Egypt. Many works of art and most works of literature tell stories.org Grammar Review Simple Past Tense Look at the following sentences. We can change the sentences into negative and question form. This tense is commonly used in story telling and when we tell others about past events. What do you call such a tale? New Horizon Stories are an important aspect of culture. 2. Stories are also a ubiquitous component of human communication. Rosaura ate her meal quickly. Rosaura did not eat her meal quickly. Chinese. and Indian culture. Negative 1. used as parables and examples used to illustrate points. ancient Greek. Storytelling was probably one of the earliest forms of entertainment. What do Indians say about the story? 10. Her father did not look away in disappointment. Source: www.wikipedia. 2. Her father looked away in disappointment. Why did Rosaura's mother think that the petals of the flower were her ribbon? 7. 44 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Affirmative 1. Stories are of ancient origin. Most of the humanities involve stories. 1.6. 2.

Other students (speak) Japanese. 9. 2. I'm Sorry to Hear That 45 . Does the teacher visit Indonesia Book fair in Jakarta? Sally is listening to music in her room. Some of the students were late to class because they were playing soccer at the park. I (find. students (talk. 2 It was my first day of class. just) quietly by themselves. finally) the right room. In a few minutes. I (step) on the brakes and (swerve) to the right. 3 4. It (come) right at my car. 10. The teacher is correcting paper at her desk. 1. I (choose) an empty seat in the last row and (sit) down. (sit. Activity 10 1 Complete the following paragraphs using the verbs in parentheses. The other car (miss. It sounded like the United Nations. On one side of the room. the teacher (walk) into the room and all the multilingual conversation (stop) . and some (converse) in Arabic. She cries in front of me. busily) to each other in Spanish. Anita was attending a conference in England last month. Roy is taking a nap on the couch. 7.Activity 9 Change the tenses of the following sentences into simple past tense form. Rosaura runs away from her house. I (drive) down Washington Avenue when suddenly I (see) a car in my lane. The room (be. already) full of students. 5. They do not know each other. I (have. Use simple past tense form. Some of the students. 8. 6. however. almost) a car accident last night. Wahyu falls in love with the new student. just) my car by about an inch.

who was hunting in the forest. Shadow Puppet Show: Durna's Trap The story started with Durna who was teaching the art of archery to the children of Hastina Kingdom at the palace's yard. Ekalaya followed the request but then realised he had been cheated. Have you ever written a story? Is it difficult or not? What makes you feel difficult in writing a story? What makes you feel easy in writing a story? Activity 2 Arrange the pictures based on the following story. Ekalaya became angrier when he was told by his wife that Arjuna was in love with her and challenged Arjuna to a duel. he knew Durna did not want anybody to rival Arjuna. Ekalaya learned how to shoot arrows by himself. Innocently. Adapted from www.joglosemar. 3. Durna's favourite student. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. When he met Ekalaya. It turned out the arrow belonged to Ekalaya. a young man watched the practice.Writing In this section. His strong will to study from Durna influenced him go to the forest and create a statue of Durna as a symbol of Durna's presence. Arjuna was surprised to find that an arrow struck the animal he was hunting. write main ideas and its supporting ideas. the crown prince of Parang Gelung Kingdom.co. Still Ekalaya was neither angry nor revengeful. 4. write narrative texts.id 46 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Ekalaya said he was Durna's student. Angry and disappoin ted. Durna was surprised when Arjuna told him about Ekalaya. since the man promised only to teach children of Pandawa and Kurawa. With this statue as his imaginative teacher. Ekalaya turned very skillfull in shooting arrows just like Arjuna. He was Ekalaya. Ekalaya finally encountered Arjuna. Durna trapped him saying he would admit Ekalaya as his student if he cut off the thumb of his right hand as evidence of his loyalty to his master. The result was astonishing. From far away. you will learn how to: • • • develop a paragraph of narrative texts. 1. Ekalaya wanted to study with Durna but was rejected. 2.

• There was a young man who watched the practice. I'm Sorry to Hear That 47 . It will guide you in writing a story.1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Activity 3 Study the following explanation. main idea is commonly placed at the beginning of the paragraph. In English. Main idea: Durna taught the art of archery. Supporting ideas: • The students were the children of Hastina Kingdom. The ideas above are developed into the first paragraph of the text entitled Shadow Puppet Show: Durna's Trap. Look at the following example. A paragraph has a main idea and its supporting ideas.

48 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . the silly man had not only to pay for the damaged goods but also to return home empty-handed. But the old man's words kept ringing in his ears. With pride the blacksmith showed a large and shimmering sword. Rewrite the Story A so that the sentences are in the right order. Then. Which one is it? Story A This made the store owner so angry that he gave him a few blows. the wife instructed him to test the bowl by filling it with some water and to try the hat on Story B In a blacksmith store. one day an old man walked in and asked the blacksmith to show him his best sword. breaking the bowl in the process. And he poured water into the hat. decide its main idea and supporting ideas. One day. "I'm the best blacksmith in this town!" he said.Activity 4 Study the following stories. I bet that it'll break even when you try to cut wood with it. Worried that he would be cheated." The blacksmith was very furious. He was not the best blacksmith. He tried to fit the bowl onto his head. You can use Story B as an example. In the end. But the silly man got the instructions mixed up. One of the stories does not make sense because the sentences are not in the right order. destroying it. He decided to improve his skill in making swords by learning from other people. So he immediately tried to cut some wood with the sword. The old man held the sword in his hand and swung it several times. the wife of a foolish man sent him to buy an earthen bowl and a horsehair hat. Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales Activity 5 Compare the stories in Activity 4. The sword broke instantly. "It's a nice sword but the handle isn't very comfortable. The blacksmith realised that the old man was right. Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales before buying it.

A Greedy Child 2. • The owner of the farm trapped Sang Kancil and put him inside a strong cage. especially hunters. I'm Sorry to Hear That 49 . Here are some ideas to inspire you. • The dog let Sang Kancil walk out and entered the cage.Activity 6 Develop a paragraph from the following outline. develop them into a short story. • He was very angry with human beings. • Sang Kancil told the farmer's dog that the farmer would let him marry his daughter. Taken from Kancil and Cucumber. You are free to choose them or make your own ideas. The Legend of (certain place) Main idea: In a very big forest there was a very clever and cunning animal called Sang Kancil. 1. Supporting ideas: • Sang Kancil's parents and brother were killed by a cruel hunter. • Sang Kancil offered the dog to take the place of him. Then. 1994 Your Project Write a main idea and its supporting ideas. • One day he stole cucumbers from a farm.

. 3. Expressions of showing sympathy • I'm sorry to hear that.Orientation : sets the scene and introduces the participants. b. sympathy. Generic Structure . answer the questions: 1. Expressions of happiness • I am delighted. • It's really a great pleasure.Chapter Summary 1. you are expected to be able to: 1. entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways. Expressions of giving attention (affection) • Are you OK? • What's wrong with you? c. and affection. 50 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What will you say to show affection to someone? 3. identify ideational meanings and information in a narrative text. express happiness. 8. respond to narrative texts. Genre Narrative Social Function : to amuse. What will you say to show sympathy to someone? 4. • You have my sincere condolences. sympathy and affection. 2. What will you say when you are happy? 2. What is your favourite story? Write and tell it to your friends. perform a monologue of narrative texts. identify the structure of a narrative text. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. If you find some difficulties. 6. 7. 4. write a recount text. Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. respond to expressions for showing happiness.Resolution : the crisis is resolved. . Identify the structure of the text. Language Functions a. for better or for worse. Now.Complication : a crisis arises. 2.

accepting and declining an invitation Responding to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment Responding to instructions Using expressions of making.Chapter 3 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n Would You Like to Come? In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • Responding to expressions of making. accepting and declining an invitation Using expressions of making and cancelling an appointment Performing a monologue of a procedure text Speaking: Reading: • • • • Identifying the structure of a procedure text Reading procedure texts Writing short instructions Writing procedure texts Writing: 51 .

Source: CD Images 1. What kind of card is this? Have you ever been invited by someone? What do you say if you want to invite someone? What do you say if you want to accept an invitation? What do you say if you want to decline an invitation? What do you say when someone makes an appointment with you? What do you feel when someone cancels his/her appointment? What will you say to him/her? Activity 2 Listen to the following short dialog and answer the questions. Then. What does Doni say to Susi? 3. respond to expressions of making and cancelling an appointment. 4. accepting and declining an invitation. 1. you will learn how to: • • • respond to expressions of making. Where or when would you find this situation? 2. 8.Listening In this section. 3. 7. answer the questions. 5. Activity 1 Look at the picture and study it. respond to oral instructions. How does Susi respond to Doni's invitation? 52 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. 6.

who always sees him for general check up. Arief : I've got a plan for tomorrow. 6. but I can't come. One day. Dialogue 1 Englishclub. On the way home. and watching drama. 4.com The tone of an invitation is always positive. 9. Rita : Wow. Thank you very much. How about tomorrow morning? Thank you for asking me. 5.express. What are they about? Are they interesting? Arief : If I tell you now. decide. I'll decide to come or not. I'm very sorry. his friend calls him. Arief and Rita have a chat. novels. 2 ? 3 Rita : . I'd love to. I don't think I can come to your party. Picture your guests smiling when they read your letter of invitation. it won't surprise you. Dialogue 2 Dr. Arief : I've got a new interesting novel and VCD of a drama performance. write. poetry or a themed approach may be appropriate for an informal occasion. Then.com Arief and Rita are fond of literature. I'll be at your house at 8. I have nothing to do. Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogue based on what you heard. 1. Arief : Do you have a plan for tomorrow's holiday? Rita : Too bad. 3.00 in the morning. 1 ? Rita : Really? Tell me. He had a friend. 8. Mr Andre Posuma. 7. Shall we have dinner this evening at my house? I'll promise I'll be there. great. please. They enjoy reading stories. but you should express the details clearly. 10. 2. Now. won't you? Let's meet at ten o'clock tomorrow morning. Would You Like to Come? 53 . I'd like to. Clever phrasing. Then find any possible responses to each expression. in anticipation of a pleasurable occasion. Would you like to come to lunch on Saturday? You will come to my birthday.Activity 3 You will hear these expressions. but I've got an exam tomorrow. For further tips visit to invite someone www. Irwan Fauzi was a well-known doctor.

Mr Andre Posuma is informed by her secretary that there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon. Then. I will attend a meeting. Mega Siti Mega Siti Ina Rini : Why don't you go shopping with me? : . Rudi : . See you. Work in pairs. actually. 4 . 2. This is Andre. : OK. It has been two months since my last visit to you. Can I help you? : I'd like to have a general check up. Andrea. Kambing guling is my favourite food. : What's wrong? : Hmm. 54 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Fauzi. We can meet next time. : See you. Fauzi. 3. he calls Mr Iwan Fauzi to cancel his appointment. : Alright. Bye. Thus is about our appointment. 1. .m. Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi : Hello. : My family is going to have a kambing guling party tonight. I'm free on Tuesday afternoon. : . : Bye. Activity 5 Complete the following dialogues with the expressions of invitation and appointment. . What time shall we go? : At 8:00 a. : . It's me. : Hi Andre. 7 : Well .Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi Mr Posuma Dr Fauzi : Hello. Ten minutes later. : 5 . Ahmad : I plan to go to the National Library this afternoon. 6 .

(Lina takes the sandwich. 3 . Nice to meet you too. Fany : That's OK. 4. By the way.Activity 6 Create dialogues based on the following situations. Compare your answers to your friends'. 2. put the other piece 7 . I think . A girl : Excuse me.. 8 I'm late. The girl : I'm Fanny. Lina continues her reading. . The girl : I brought some sandwiches. Lina : No.. playing tennis playing chess having lunch with the family going to the theatre joining you for having lunch Activity 7 Listen to the following dialogue and fill in the blank spaces. take two pieces of bread. cut cheese into slices. Spread butter on each piece. 3. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fani. the girl offers something. 6 .) It's very delicious. 1 . Lina : It's very simple. Do you mind if I sit here? I'm waiting for my friend. Make appointment and invitation then accept each of them. 2 ? (She hands a sandwich to Lina) Lina : Thank you. Fany. She interrupts them. my name is Lina. Would You Like to Come? 55 . place the slices on one piece of the bread. Then. 1. There is someone approaching her. Santi : Hi. 5. Lina is reading a book in the city park. Finally. Lina : 4 how to make this sandwich? 5 Fany : OK. After a long silence.

4.. First... Next... 56 Developing English Competencies for Grade X ...Activity 8 You will hear some steps of making something. you can now blow . draw two lines . Match the following titles with the correct steps... Then. Finally. 1996 Instructions: 1. 5.. 2... Follow the teacher's instructions to make a pinwheel. fold over each point .. 3.. After that. 1 How to Make a Cup of Tea 2 How to Boil an Egg 3 How to Make a Cheese Sandwich Activity 9 Provide the following materials.. cut inwards . push the drawing pin . You will need: • a square piece of paper • a pencil with a rubber on the end • a ruler • scissors • sticky tape • a drawing pin 1 2 3 4 Source: Childcraft: Make and Do.

answer the questions. 2. Listen carefully to your teacher's instruction. you will make a whale. 1. list the stages involved in making the coffee. 1999 Would You Like to Come? 57 . 4. a ruler.Activity 10 You will hear your teacher giving instructions for making coffee. 3. 1. Then. and scissors. Your teacher will guide you to fold the paper step by step. By seeing the pictures below. 2. What kind of coffee is the speaker talking about? Copy the following table in your workbook. Things You Do 1. After listening. 2. Source: The World Almanac for Kids 2000. 3. a pencil. 5. Things That Happen Activity 11 Listen to your teacher's instructions and do the following tasks. 4. Making a Whale from a Sheet of Paper You will need a sheet of paper. 5.

What about tomorrow tonight. 2. 1. When and where do you usually hear those expressions? Are all those expressions used for invitations? Which do you think are not expressions of invitation? How are they different? Activity 2 Now look at the sentences below and decide if the person is making an invitation or just being friendly. Just wait for me. It's my birthday on Friday. Would you like to come over for dinner Saturday night? Please come over for a drink sometime. 3. 58 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Can you come? Why don't you come over and see us sometime soon? I'll be there on time. you will learn how to: • • • use expressions of making. Hey. 1. 2. perform a monologue of procedure texts. 4. Will you like to come? Let's get together for lunch soon. How about going to the theatre on Saturday night? Please stop by our house sometime. 3. we're having a party on Friday. Activity 1 Read and study the following expressions and answer the questions. 4. I'll be free at that time. use expressions of making and cancelling an appointment. Let's go jogging sometime. accepting and declining an invitation.Speaking In this section. 5.

When should I come? Would You Like to Come? UN Shot : Hi. I'd love to! Ari : That's settled then. Say. can I help you? Mrs Sugiarto : Yes. When will you pick me up? Robi : I'll pick you up at 7. how about tomorrow night? Are you still busy? Ira : I guess not. There will be a great film tonight. The italicised sentence is used to .. But you have to come to the clinic. Mrs Lita Sugiarto wants to get more information about a programme at a Smoking Clinic. ask for one's agreement (UAN 2003) X Activity 4 59 . Mrs Sugiarto : Alright. Receptionist : Smoking Clinic.Activity 3 Read and study these dialogues. It's about Nasreddin. I have many matters to settle down. Robi : Hi. Ari : Well. Sandra : OK. Would you like to go to the movie with me? Sandra : Of course. She calls the Clinic to make an appointment. Then identify the expressions of making an appointment. I need further information about your quitting smoking programme in the Smoking Clinic. Dialogue 1 Ira : Hello? Ari : Hi. Be ready. Receptionist : The Clinic will gladly inform you about the programme. Would you accompany me to the book store? Y : Oh. accept an invitation c. thanks. ask for permission e. Dialogue 2 Robi invites Sandra to go to a movie. I'd love to. Ira : Hi. invite someone to go d. I can't. Sandra. a. that's great. Rin..30. would you like to go to a concert? Ira : Sure. would you like to go out tonight? Ira : Sorry.. Then act them out with your friends. I'd love to. decline an invitation b. Read and practise another dialogue. how've you been? Ari : Alright. Ira! This is Ari. Ari : Well.

. We'd very much like to . declining an invitation and an appointment... L-I-T-A. What a delightful idea. I don't think I can. Mrs Lina Sugiarto.. but . but . Receptionist : Alright....m. • • Informal Situation Inviting • • • • • Why don't you come to . Unfortunately. Like to come to . Would you care to .... Bye... OK! I'd like to love to come.... With the greatest pleasure.Receptionist : How about tomorrow at 9 p. Mrs Sugiarto : I'II be there... I'd love to... but . won't you? • • • • • Accepting an Invitation That's very kind of you... • • • • • Accepting an Invitation I would/will .. accepting. but . Come and .. I'm afraid I've already promised .. Thank you for asking me. Shall we come to . Bye... Thank you very much for inviting me....? Dr. You'll meet Dr Ali Wardana Tomorrow at 9 p. All right (then). Receptionist : You're welcome. I don't think I can. What to Say Study the following expressions of inviting.. Declining an Invitation • • • • Sorry. Mrs Sugiarto : Thank you..... I can't .... You must come to .. Receptionist : Can I have your name please? Mrs Sugiarto : Lita Sugiarto...m....... Declining an Invitation • • • • • I'm very sorry. You will ... 60 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Ali Wardana will be available for consultation about the programme... We should be pleased/delighted if you could ... I'd like to. I can't.. That would be very nice. Formal Situation Inviting • • • Would you like to . I'd very much like you to . I wish I could.

By the way. You'll have a graduation party this evening. 3. 2. The senior teacher. but invite him/her for going to a theatre on Saturday night. for a little party at my house this weekend. You accept. Bye. She/he promises that she/he will come. A colleague invites you to have a dinner. I'll be there. Then your cousin invites you out at the same night. You refuse. Wendy. See you. 5. Persuade him to come. You invite a new student to join the party.. Cancelling an Appointment • • Sorry. He accepts it. Then act it out in front of the class. Oh really? Thank you Wendy.. I'll help you. The headmaster. I'll promise I'll be there. 1. Thank you very much Wendy. as he doesn't know anybody. Rendy : Wendy : Rendy : Wendy : Rendy : Wendy Rendy Wendy Rendy Wendy : : : : : Hi. You are at school. ? Well. He/She accepts. this weekend is my special day. Oh. I'm so sorry I can't make it. OK. o'clock. . Invite this people to your party. He doesn't want to accept. Would You Like to Come? 61 . See you then. How about tomorrow • morning? • Let's meet at . 6. You're welcome. good. I don't have any plans at this moment. You make an appointment with your classmates to study together at the library. Activity 6 Make your own dialogue and act out these situations using the expressions you have learned. Activity 5 Work in pairs and complete the dialogue using the expressions of making appointment and invitation. I don't think I can make it. He declines because he is busy.Making an Appointment • • Accepting an Appointment I'll come I promise. 4. ? Sure.

Activity 7 Answer the questions orally. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • tablespoons shallots leaves chilies cloves seeds bread crumbs fritters pieces vegetables minutes tomatoes onions peppers quarters 62 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 4. Do you like instant noodles? How often do you eat instant noodles? Do you prepare your instant noodles by yourself? How do you prepare your instant noodles? Here are some words to help you. 2. put (v) water (n) heat (v) noodles (n) pour (v) minute (n) add (v) empty (n) stir glass boiling chilli sauce (v) (n) (adj) (n) v Pronunciation Practice Pronounce these words after your teacher. 1. 3. Decide whether they have plural forms ending in an /s/ sound or a /z/ sound.

Yudi : Good. Activity 9 Work in pairs and read the instructions in Activity 8. make a dialogue about how to make tomato soup and to make egg and lemon soup just like the examples. Sally wants to know how to cook spiced chicken and how to barbecue lamb. How to Cook Spiced Chicken • • • • Clean the chicken. Sally : How do you . Fry with vegetables for five minutes. What do I need? Ismail : You will need two cups of water. a cup of rice. salt and a pan with a lid. Sprinkle it with salt.Activity 8 Read the following recipes. Use the following model. Sally : Then. Pay attention to your expressions in giving instructions. onions and green peppers into quarters. And then what should I do? Would You Like to Come? 63 . Cut the chicken into small pieces. Cover them with barbecue sauce and cook them in the oven for thirty minutes. Example: Ismail : I'm going to tell you how to cook rice. what do you do? Emily : . Emily : . Now make a dialog to tell your friends how to cook the dishes. Add water and cook it slowly for about forty minutes. Yudi : All right. Activity 10 Study the following dialogue. pepper and spices. How to Barbecue Lamb • • • • Cut the meat into small cubes. Then. Put the meat and vegetable pieces on a skewer. Sally : And what do you do after that? Emily : . Cut up the tomatoes.

small clove garlic. put the lid on and cook it for about fifteen minutes. 4. Add a little of salt and pepper. 3. Egg and Lemon Soup • • • 1. ¼ teaspoon of pepper. ½ teaspoon of salt. Then. you heat the pan without the lid on until the water boils. 3. ¼ teaspoon of butter. Cook gently for one hour. Cook gently for three minutes. 4. Tell the class about it.) 64 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . put the rice in the pan and add the water and the salt. 2. onions. Turn down the heat and cover with lid. turn down the heat. When it has boiled. salt and pepper.Ismail : First. Let me tell you how to make tomato soup. 6. Well. 8 cups of water. 5. Next. cut tomatoes. Activity 11 Choose your favourite food. 7. fry them in a pan for five minutes. onions. Be careful with the knife. Tomato Soup • • • • 1. Stir this mixture into the remaining stock in pan. 2. and garlic into small pieces. spices. Add water. wash the rice in cold water. 3 pints chicken stock • juice of 2 lemon 3 oz rice • salt and pepper 4 eggs. You need to provide 4 large tomatoes. (Continue with your own words. 1 small onion. and garlic into small pieces. first of all. Add three tablespoons of stock to the mixture and stir. Heat until the water boils. Then. well beaten Put stock into a pan and heat until boiling. Add rice and cook on low heat for fifteen minutes. 5. Mix together egg and lemon juice. spices. Here is the example of how you tell them about it. 4 large tomatoes • spices 1 small onion • ½ teaspoon of salt 8 cups of water • ¼ teaspoon of pepper small clove garlic • ¼ teaspoon of butter Cut tomatoes. Fry them in a pan with butter for five minutes. Use butter instead of vegetable oil.

Reading In this section. identify the structure of a procedure text. 2. How many students were involved in the survey? How many students rely on their friends? What percentage of students read the manual when they find a problem with their gadgets? What is the most popular way to solve the problem with gadgets? Would You Like to Come? 65 . 3. Ways to show the problems with gadget Read the manual 26 Ask a friend 28 Ask the vendor Write a letter on the problem to an electronics magazine 0 5 17 12 10 15 20 25 30 1. Have you ever been instructed to do something? What kind of instruction was it? Have you instructed someone to do something? What kind of instruction was it? Activity 2 Study the bar graph and answer the questions that follow. 2. 3. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. read a monologue in the form of procedure text. 4. 1. 4. you will learn how to: • • • identify meaning and information in a procedure texts.

To change the speed of the fan. 2. (AC 120 Volts 60 HZ) To make the fan move sideways. 4. the materials needed part sometimes is not applicable. This structure is appropriately applied in a recipe. In a how–to–text. 2. To move the fan up or down. The structure of procedure texts generally consists of three parts. 4. 1. then press the tilt adjustment knob. first pull up the oscillating pin. namely goal. How to operate a fan 1. 3.Activity 3 Goal Read the following instructions and answer the questions. Bregedel Tempe (Tempe Fritters) • • • • • • 150 g tempe 2 tablespoons fried shallots 3 kaffir lime leaves 1 tablespoon flour 1 egg 1 cup vegetable oil for frying 66 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . materials needed and methods or steps. What do we do first to operate a fan? How can we change the speed of the fan? What do we do to make it move sideways? How do we make it go up and down? Method of Steps 3. push the pin on top of the motor. Pay attention to the structure of the text. Activity 4 Now read another text and identify the structure of the text. press one of the switches at the bottom. Plug the power cord into a wall outlet.

unitecnology. 6. 2004 Activity 5 Pronounce the following words and find their meaning. 4.New Horizon The purpose procedural text is to tell the reader how to do or make something. Heat the vegetable oil in a wok over a medium flame. The information is presented in a logical sequence of events which is broken up into small sequenced steps. 13. seeds removed • 3 small chilies • 2 red shallots • 2 cloves garlic • 1/2 teaspoon chopped galangal • 1 candle nut • 1/2 teaspoon coriander seeds • 1/2 teaspoon salt • 1/4 teaspoon shrimp paste 1. The most common example of a procedural text is a recipe.ac Spice paste: • 3 large chilies. 11. Source: www. grease knuckle mix blend oven fold margarine Would You Like to Come? 67 . Pay attention to your pronunciation. followed by the egg. 1. 3. Grind the spices in a mortar and pestle or place in the bowl of a food processor and blend to a smooth paste. Put the mashed tempe in a bowl and mix with the spice paste. five or six at a time. Taken from The Jakarta Post. Shape the tempe into fritters the size of a golf ball and flatten a little with a fork. fried shallots and lime leaves. instruction procedure recipe ingredients knead roll out sprinkle press 9. When the oil is hot. drain on absorbent paper and serve hot with rice. 5.english. 8. 2. Stir in the flour. Mash the tempe with a fork or place in the bowl of a food processor and blend until it resembles coarse bread crumbs. These texts are usually written in the present tense. 10. 2. 7. Fry until golden brown on both sides. May 2. 4. 5. 14. 12. 3. drop the fritters into the oil. 6. 15.

A massage. Track down items such as rare prints. In the craft shop. great b. Use the Internet. Moreover.howabout. famous Where may we look for unusual gifts? a. it is suggested that we give … first a. Combine one or two things for a spectacular effect. The picture frame that you bought in Bali might provide the perfect background for showing off the portrait of the recipient. Anywhere. a. 3. d. costume makeovers. a photo frame c. Unusual or even weird gifts would leave a sweet memory for us and the recipient. Follow links until you find what you want. or romantic dinner will be a nice welcome gift. a welcome service 68 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Before give an unusual gifts. a rare print b. How to Find Unusual Gifts Giving gifts is a well-known way to show our attention toward somebody else. weird c. out-of-print books or antiques in the auction. special d. art galleries and factory stores for ideas. 2.Activity 6 Read the following text and choose the correct answer to the questions that follow. craft shops. a unique furniture d. The word well-known in the first line means …. giving gifts may be important for certain special moments. b. In an auction. From a bazaar in Bandung to a tag sale in Berlin. try these tips to find something unusual as your gifts. Visit art supply stores.com 1. Adapted www. Look for gifts wherever you find yourself. Come to a handicrafts store and talk to the people that make unique pieces. a day at the spa. especially when you were on a trip. Give a welcome service. So. c. In the internet.

Would You Like to Come? 69 . The word in the text that means not too many is …. The word "do" could be persuasive. 5. complete our collections c. unitecnology. 3. recipes.g. sweet c. "Press the stop button. a. b.english. rare b. e. Do be quiet. It functions as prohibition. (command) "Help me. the tape recorder. For further Information visit www. "Stand up. b." said mother. get the recipient attention d. celebrate special moments Englishclub. but could also express irritation. "Don't hurry." said David." asked the mother. a. We use "don't" or "do not" before verbs to state a prohibition." the teacher told the pupils. You plug the power cord into a wall outlet." said the teacher. Dian told Andi. unique d.com There are different procedural texts for different purposes: • Texts that explain how something works or how to use instruction / operation manuals e. e. the fax. "Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. a.4. rules for games. • In imperative sentences we can use the word "do" before verbs. the photocopier." 2. "Make sure the car is in neutral. • Texts that deal with human behaviour eg how to live happily. road safety rules.ac Grammar Review Imperatives Study the following sentences. how to use the video. You make sure the car is in neutral." said father. make us unusual b. science experiments.g.g. 1. a. a.g. important Giving gifts may be important to …. how to succeed. (request) • Imperative sentences can be used in negative form. Do come on time. b. • Texts that instruct how to do a particular activity e. e. the computer. You press the stop button. "Don't be noisy. • Imperatives or imperative sentences are used to give command or to make a request.g.

5. What will your father say? It is 6 a. 7. You are still sleeping when your mother comes into your bedroom. 3. magazine or in the internet. What will Mr Andre's wife say to him? 2. Report it to the class. 1. 8. 2. What will your father say? Mr Andre never comes on time. 3. 1. 4. 70 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .m. 5. 4. 9. What will he/she say? There is no sugar in the kitchen. cut sprinkle add chop slice pour put heat stir bake Activity 9 Find a recipe or manual instruction from a newspaper. 6. He always late although his wife often warns him. He cannot concentrate his mind well. Then identify the imperative sentences on it.Activity 7 Make imperative sentences based on the situations given. Your uncle is writing a novel. What will your uncle say? Your teacher will not come into the classroom because it is very dirty. 10. Activity 8 Make imperative sentences using the following verbs related to cooking. The volume of the television is too loud.

Writing In this section. arrange an instruction into a good order of procedure text. write procedure texts. 2. you will learn how to: • • • write a simple instruction. 4. Have you ever written a recipe taken from a magazine or newspaper? What should you write on a recipe? What kind of information do we usually get from recipes? Are recipes important in our life? Why? Activity 2 Classify these words into their categories in the following table. 1. 3. • • • • • • • • next butter roast first pour finally milk then • • • • • • • • chocolate remove sprinkle garnish knead boil braise sugar • • • • • • cheese flour mix add egg after that Material butter Method remove Sentence Connectors first Would You Like to Come? 71 . Activity 1 Answer these questions orally.

cut up the meat into very small pieces and fry it in a pan. tomatoes and cucumber. • First. • Finally. • Serve the fried rice with hot sauce. • Then. • Now. garlic.Activity 3 Rearrange this jumbled text. cut up the onions and garlic and fry them. • At the same time. • To make fried rice. if you like. 72 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . cook the rice in another pan. vegetables. Do it in pairs. meat and eggs. cut up a cucumber into thin slices and place the slices on top of the rice. • The best vegetables to use are onions. you will need some rice. pepper and other spices. The pictures will help you to arrange it. you can break in two or three eggs. • Stir the mixture and add salt. 1 2 3 4 5 6 How to Prepare Fried Rice • When the rice is cooked. add it to the meat and the vegetables.

break open the claws with a nutcracker and remove the meat. Next. From the tail meat. Rewrite the corrected paragraph. After that you connected the Finally pressed down the record and play button microphone. Activity 5 Work in groups and arrange the following text into appropriate order. c. e. first you have to plug in the cord. Work individually. It is not difficult remove the shell from a lobster if you follow these step. a. you should to put the lobster on it's back and remove the two large claws and tail section. First. It contains nine mistakes. • • • • • • Activity 6 Now write one of the instructions based on the following procedures. remove the black vein. Well. How to record on the cassette player /How to use a recorder Then you put in the tape on it. d. before you sit down to enjoy your meal. Find the errors and correct them. Finally.Activity 4 Study the following paragraph. You must also twist off the flippers at end of tail section. After that. Rewrite it using your own words. After these twisted off. use your fingers to push the lobster meat out of the tail in one piece. And then tested the voice level recorder. Then you can begin to record it. How to use a washing machine How to operate a computer How to use ATM machine How to open an account at a bank How to use a VCD/DVD player Would You Like to Come? 73 . b.

respond to invitation. make and cancel an appointment. write an instruction or procedural text. invite someone. identify the structure of procedural texts. . How do you make an appointment and cancel it? 3. 74 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. • I'll be there. Genre Procedure Social function : to describe how something is accomplished through a sequence of actions or steps.. • Will you come with . • Join me.Chapter Summary 1. answer the questions: 1. • I'm sorry I can't make it. Language Functions Expressions of invitation • Lets . 7.. I don't think I can make it. 3. 8. Write a recipe of your favourite food. 6. respond to expressions for an appointment. you are expected to be able to: 1. Write the method or steps clearly. What should be included in a procedural text? 4. Accepting an appointment • I'll come I promise.. What will you say to accept someone's invitation? 2.Goal. If you find some difficulties. 4.Steps (a series of steps oriented to achieving the goal) 2. Declining an appointment • Sorry. Now. 2. Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter.. perform a monologue of procedural texts.. Generic structure .. respond to oral instructions.Materials (not required for all procedural texts) .

How nice to see you. c. 5. Inside the waitress' room. The manager could call the police. 4. How many cans are needed to make tin-can stilts? a. The hotel owner. giving help Questions 6-10 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. c. The landowner's youngest son. Hotel manager's office. Two steps. Thanks anyway. d. invitation d. Beijing. c. 14. d. a. 8. Where did the girl find the money? a. c. Inside the manager's room. a. How do you do. c. b. Seoul. Listening Listen carefully to answer the questions. Then. Countryside. Here they are. The farmer's oldest son. offering b. Three tins. c. 1. The manager could do nothing. c. Where does the story take place? a. How many steps are needed to make tin-can stilts? a. choose the best answer. Bank manager's office. Hotel lobby. c. Good morning. c. b. You are going to hear several short dialogues. thank you. The girl. Where was the landowner from? a. Five steps. What could the manager do? a. d. b. d. Four steps. b. a. I'm fine. The manager could help the man who lost his money. Restaurant manager's office. 9. b. Two tins. 12. The man losing his money. b. a. A. £5. 11. c. Nice to meet you. 10. The landowner. Sorry I can't. b. d. 7. The manager. gratitude c. 6. Here is it. d. Inside the gentleman's room. d. Four tins. 13. It is here. £150. d. Who was shouting? a. £15. The farmer's youngest son. Here it is. b. b. Outside the gentleman's room. d. I'd love to. d. How much money that the character "I" lost? a. Good afternoon. Questions 13-17 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. Good evening. Tokyo. Who said that there was still some honesty in the world? a. b. c. a. b. d. Questions 11–12 are based on the listening text you are going to hear.Review 1 The manager could give back the money d. Three steps. I won't say no. Five tins. 75 . d. 3. 2. c. c. b. £50. Good night. b.

not too hot. not the whisk. Why did the landowner ask the servant to clear the table? a. 16. it is fatal to beat too long.15. to the size of the omelette. Because he thought he had been served a long-dead chicken. letting the liquid flow into the empty spaces. b. our fryingpan is getting hot. in other words. over a quick flame for a minute or two. Questions 18–24 are based on this text. Making an Omelette This is the way an omelette should be made. Meanwhile. Because he wanted to eat the boiled chicken. and we may well feel a few extra heart–beats and a little breath lessness at that moment. Harshly. c. Then. and add a good teaspoonful of water. break them into a bowl. Why did the boy shout "There it is! He's eating the dead chicken. With a fork or palette-knife (a fork seems to work particularly well) we loosen the edges of the omelette all round and. d. For three portions. Because he didn't want to eat the boiled chicken. when hot. d. or butter and best lard. It is important that the fryingpan should be proportionate to the number of eggs. once or twice. How did the landowner tell the farmer that he had enough food? a. We beat this lightly with a fork or the wire–broom. c. And here I feel I must stress a point essential to what might be called the background of omelette-making. 17. This takes half a minute. All this is a swift business. Angrily. until large bubbles form on the top. He wanted the table to be cleaned. Reading Choose the best answer to the following questions. not of aluminium. with salt and tissue–paper. as this is the only way to prevent sticking. tin or enamel. we fold it. namely that the frying-pan must never be washed with water but rubbed. b. The flame is now turned down a little. and we drop in an ounce and a half of butter. B. until it gives no more froth and has turned light golden. This is easy if we fold over and pin down with two or three fork-pricks about an inch and-a-half 76 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . We give our egg-mixture another stir and pour it into the fan. in the middle. His stomach couldn't take any more food. d." a. Because he didn't want the landowner to stop eating the boiled chicken. letting it spread evenly over the frying–pan. taking care always to move towards the middle. Rudely. Politely. Because he wanted to eat live chicken. c. we take six eggs. keeping as calm as we possibly can. The fryingpan must be made of iron. season them with salt and freshly ground pepper. b. He was not hungry. This takes about two minutes.

here are they Eka : to my friend. b. The size of an omelette. c. b. Rubbing with hot water. c. How do you do? d. Our omelette should be golden brown outside and wet inside: baveuse. c. Which of the following frying–pan is among those mentioned by the writer? a. Lia : Do you have a new magazine? Ani : Yes. It is better than beating it for too short a time. When should we pour in the egg mixture? a.of the omelette along one side. Is it a good thing to beat the omelette too long? a. we're in a rush What does the word baveuse mean? a. d. c. When the frying-pan is getting hot. d. It should never be a small one. a. 21. d. . What is important about the frying– pan? a. we feel impatient c. What is the only way to prevent sticking? a. 26. No. One made of tin 20. here it is b. it is quite easy to roll it into shape. One made of iron. b. d. Review 1 77 . 22. Let me introduce myself. The shape of an omelette. I'll introduce b. It's very interesting. It doesn't matter. b. 23. we feel tired b. It should never be a very flat one. Rubbing with salt and paper. b. c. we feel relaxed d. Yes. Ferry : I am Ferry. It is then slid on to a hot plate and its surface made shiny with a little butter. Rubbing with hot salt and tissue–paper. a. An omelette made in France. Let me introduce you Heldy : How do you do? My name is Heldy. It should be the same size as the omelette. 27. A soon as the flame is light golden. You are introduced c. 25. Then. One made of aluminium. How are you? c. When the flame gives no more froth. We may well feel a few extra heart– beats because . Taken from www. The states of an omelette. One made of aluminium and enamel. a. c. as the classical French term says. It should never be too small to hold the eggs. here is it d.recipetips. Good morning. Dedy : How do you do? Reni : How do you do? a. 24.com 18. b. Won't you introduce d. here they are c. Dedy. When the butter is a different shade. d. Washing with salt and paper. This last touch makes all the difference. d. b. 19.

Use substitution form to fill in the blank spaces. d. 43.28. Sania : I l o s t m y p u r s e t h i s morning. Sure. give d. 30. Randy : What's wrong with you? You look unhappy today. Do come on time. C. Sorry. Randy : Oh. that would be very nice. but some other time. They (kill) the villagers and (run away) to the jungle. Thanks. The underlined sentence expresses a. 41. The teacher asks a student to come to school on time. their d. or the. Who are ? a. she books all day along. hisself d. Complete the following sentences using a. how awful! I'm so sorry. I think . them c. You are entirely welcome. maybe. I was going to the cinema 31. Don't worry about it. (put) the books in their previous place. it didn't work out. gratitude. A 78 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . b. I . That's very kind of you. Evi : Will you come with me to the concert? Adi : . he 33. happiness. b. I have gone to the cinema d. b. they 34. : Do you think our teacher will come? B : Yes. Hanny. You did come on time. I went to the cinema c. I'll fetch you at 8 p. c. d. b. (shave) this morning 44. Do you come on time? d. Complete the following sentences using the correct form of verb. Student : . given b. Writing Do the following tasks based on the instruction. Dudi does his homework by a. a. giving 32. Look out of 36 window of 37 house you are in now you see such 38 beautiful view. an. Yes. c. A : Will you come along with me? B : Yes. I go to the cinema b. a. him b. I'd be unhappy to accept it. d. 39. (read) the 42. compliment. 35. She (buy) many books from Indonesian Book Fair two months ago. I her a bunch of roses this morning. c. Jane : Where did you go last night? Frank : . Yesterday. Too bad it didn't work. Why? a. 29. a. himself c. Thanks a lot. sympathy. Evi : Alright. a. 40. c. themselves b. gave c. but I'm very busy. I did not because I was in a hurry. 45. Did come on time. Teacher : Thanks for your help.m.

Chapter 4 Sourc e: Pub li sher's Docum entatio n Congratulations! You Did It Very Well In This Chapter Listening: • • • • • • • • Responding to expressions of congratulating and complimenting Responding to narrative texts Congratulating and complimenting Performing a monologue of a narrative text Identifying meanings and information in a narrative text Reading narrative texts Developing a paragraph of a narrative text based on the pictures Writing narrative texts Speaking: Reading: Writing: 79 .

6. 4. 8. 1. Have your ever got any achievements in your life? What was the best achievement you got? How did you feel when you got an achievement? How did people respond to your achievement? Did they congratulate you? What do you say when you want to congratulate someone? How do you respond to someone congratulations? What do you say when you want to compliment someone? How do you respond to someone compliment? Activity 2 Listen carefully to your teacher pronouncing the following words and expressions. 3. 4. Well done! How extremely nice of you to say so. you will learn how to: • respond to expressions for congratulating and complimenting. No. 1. respond to narrative texts. 2. great charming fantastic congratulate terrific farewell achievements extremely Words Expressions You look great! What a charming dress! That's a very fantastic! I must congratulate you! Nice to meet you See you later Terrific. 8. Repeat after him/her. 5. 2.Listening In this section. 3. • Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. 6. 5. 80 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 7. 7.

a. b. Congratulations. ! How's the score? Andi : Thanks God. b. Desi : Thanks. Congratulations! You look great! Wow. I can't believe it! That's terrific. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 81 . 4 right now. his friend. 3. By the way. I got the highest score for the test. On the way home. That's awful! Thanks anyway. he meets Desi. b. 5. 2. Andi : 3 . a. thanks. She congratulates and compliments Andi. Andi. For example: You will hear : a. The best response is . Dialogue 1 Andi had passed on his final semester test. 4. a.Activity 3 Listen to the tape and choose the correct response to the expressions you hear. Activity 4 Listen to the tape and complete the following dialogue based on what you hear. Andi.. b. b. Thank you very much a. It is nice to hear you. 1 ? Andi : I am fine. Never mind. that's fantastic! Thank you very much for your compliment. It's my pleasure! The correct response is (b) Thank you very much. Congratulations on your success. Andi. You look great.. Desi : It's very nice to meet you here. Congratulations! That's amazing. a. Desi. Desi : Hi. I've got it. 1. how was your test? Have you got the result? Andi : Yes. b. 2 today! I love your new hair style. 5 Desi : That's great.. too. You know what? I have passed for the final test.

It's my pleasure. discuss the following questions with your friends'. 2. It goes with my shoes. Andi : Thanks a lot guys. Desi. It's so difficult to do (UAN 2005) Desi Andi Desi : Wow. a. 6 ! 7 : your compliment. : Never mind Andi. 82 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . For example: 1.. Congratulations" The possible response is "Thank you very much. Eta : Thank you. 1. Andi. Andi. I dont' think so c. You will hear "You're terrific/fantastic. You will hear "Well done. Riska : 3 ! We're happy for you. b. I don't like it e. 2 . The next day. I know you are very smart..UN Shot Ina : What do you think of your new red dress? Eta : I am very satisfied with it. I guess it's just my luck.. . Joko : It's a 4 . Mention where they are from." Activity 5 Activity 6 Activity 7 Your teacher will tell you some titles of folklore. listen to the tape carefully and respond to each expression you hear. Dialogue 2 Andi has won the national novel writing competition. Now. Is it really you? Andi : Yeah. Sorry to hear that d. Andi : Oh." The possible response is "Thanks for your compliment. Riska and Joko come to his house to congratulate him Riska : 1 what the newspaper's headline said? Andi : What news? Joko : The news about you winning the national novel writing competition. You are so kind." 2. no. You look beautiful on it. What is your favourite folklore? Tell the class about your favourite folklore. that's amazing. Ina : I think so. Your teacher will tell you her/his favourite folklore. Then.

After lunch she 6 to paint. "my friend was right. 3. Who visited the witch? How was the witch's home? Which house was more beautiful? Did the witch realise that her house was ugly? Why did the witch go to the shop? Why did the witch not paint the upper part herself? Who helped the witch paint the upper part of her house? How long did the broom finish painting? Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 83 . My house looks ugly and the paint is faded. When she looked around the room. In the afternoon she 7 the lower part of her house. "I will use my magic broom!" She shouted. My house is 2 than yours. "Get out of my house! and don't ever come back here!" After her friend left. 2. One morning. I have to repaint it. 4 Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales. 7. The Witch was very happy. 5. 4. When she wanted to start the upper part she 8 that she couldn't reach it. "Broom. the Witch her house and she said to herself. It worked very fast. turn into 9 and paint my walls!" Suddenly the broom turned into a paint brush and 10 to paint the upper walls. and in ten minutes all job was done. she said "Your house is ugly. 1. 6. That she got an idea. Then she 5 the shop and bought a can of paint." The Witch was very angry when she heard this and 3 . 1997 Activity 9 Answer the following questions based on the story you have completed. listen to the tape once again and complete the story. 8. and the walls are bigger. one of the Witch's friends 1 to visit.Activity 8 Now. and she worked very carefully.

myths and legends. A Greek King. To describe Troy Who was Odysseus? a. With help from a wooden horse. New Horizon There are many types of narrative. Drunk c. To Argue that the Greek had won the war. d. What was the purpose of the text? a. They destroyed the city gate e. slice of life. d. No Information. 1. 4.english. romances. They tricked the Romans … in the form of a "Horse Statue" were overjoyed The underlined word means… a.ac 3. Defenseless e. 84 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . unitechnology. They may include fairy stories. All of the above. ballads. Thanks to Odysseus's Idea. Inform the reader about the Battle of Troy. Really sad b. b. horror stories. Source: www. c. 2. How did the Greeks win the battle? a. c. e. Really happy d. factual or a combination of both. fables. Odysseus used the help of Gods d.Activity 10 Listen to the tape and choose the correct answer to the following questions based on the story you heard. e. They can be imaginary. historical narratives. To show how cunning the Greeks were. A Roman Soldier. b. adventure stories. Cautious How were the Romans beaten? a. Persuade the reader to read Greek History. d. e. With the help of alcohol. They made the Romans drink b. A horse. mysteries. b. A Greek Soldier. They scared the Romans c. 5. None of the above. science fiction. personal experience. c.

b. What a nice dress! You look great! You're looking glamorous. What do you see in the picture? 2. 5. Done! Thank you very much for your compliment. On what occasions do people usually congratulate or compliment each other? 5. You compliment someone on their appearance. c. you will learn how to: • • congratulate and compliment others. 6. g. 3. Situations a. Match the following expressions into the appropriate situation. Mention some expressions of congratulating and giving complement. How do you congratulate anyone and give compliment in your culture? 4. Your brother have got an award. perform a monologue of narrative texts.Speaking In this section. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 85 . 4. Source: Publisher's Documentation 1. Congratulations! Well. What are they doing? 3. Your friend has just passed an important exam. d. Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer the questions. Your colleague is very fashionable and well dress. Activity 2 Expressions 1. You give response to your friend compliment/ congratulation. f. 2. You say nice thing about your friends' dress.

No. it's a must. it is. you are quite charming. I f I may so. Thank you. 86 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . You are looking good.Activity 3 Read and practise the following dialogues with your friends. thanks. You mean this is the old motorcycle that you used to drive to school? Yes. I must congratulate you on being the smartest student. I just finished modifying it. Yani Ussy Yani Ussy Yani Ussy Yani : : : : : : : What a great Motorcycle you have. Ussy. Let's go celebrate it. I really must express my admiration for your party. Harsya. What to Say Complimenting someone More Formal • • • • • • • • • • Less Formal May I say how elegant you look. Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : Harsya : Pandu : 2. Good idea. 1. would you like to try this cookies? Sure. What is the occasion? I just graduated at last grade on my English course. it's not necessary. Pandu. What a charming dress! That's a very nice coat! You look nice. I had it paint with a brighter colour and add some new accessories. I like your hair style! You're terrific/fantastic. My compliments on your beautiful. Great job! Thanks. Pay attention to the italicised expressions. It looks a lot different. What did you do to it? Not much. Oh.

4. 1. 1. It was great to hear …. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 87 . Congratulations on your …. 3. My father Just bought me a new MP3 player. 5 : : I just won first prize from a quiz. : Activity 5 Create a dialogue based on the following situations using the expressions given in 'What to Say'. May I congratulate you on …. 2. 3. I must congratulate you. 2. Your brother has done excellent job. I won the race. Well done! Fantastic/terrific! Activity 4 Complete the dialogue with the expressions above. 4. Discuss with your partner. I've found a new job. Congratulations! Congratulations on your …. Your teacher is honoured with the "Teacher of the month" title. Your best friend has passed his exam and he gets a good mark.Congratulating someone More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • • • Please accept my warmest congratulations. I'd like to be the first to congratulate you on …. Nina Abraham Rudi Rita Fuad Ratna Agus Ida Ahmad Narya : : : : : : : I've just got married. Your relative is going abroad for studying.

create a short dialogue based on the situations given. playing chess 5. playing the piano 2. Your friend held a fantastic birthday party. Mom. I'm very proud of you. story telling 4. 1. 2. Don. Don't forget to use the expressions you have learnt. Act out a dialogue based on one of these situations. 4. Your partner got a scholarship. I heard that you got the best grades in this year exams. 3. Use the expressions of complimenting. didn't you? Dony : That's right. Your friend gets the highest grades at school. Choose one of them and act it out in front of the class. For example: Donny has passed his exams with flying colour and get the best ranking at his school. Your friend is good at: 1. Act out a dialogue based on one of the following situations. Use the expressions of congratulating. playing tennis 3. Dad.Activity 6 Work in a group of three. Don. Dony's father : Well done. Bobby : Congratulations! Dony : Thank you. Dony : Thank you. Your friend is elected as one of the finalists in Puteri Indonesia competition. Boby : Hi. Your friend gets selected as the best youth novelist. poetry reading Activity 7 Work in a group of two. Dony's mother : I'm glad to hear that. 2. 1. Your partner becomes the best student in the class. Activity 8 With your partner. 88 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .

fevered and gibbous. the lioness woke her mate. He was monarch of all he surveyed. "I am the king of beasts. one of whom. and some fought whoever was nearest and some fought for the sake of fighting. long live the king!" Inside the den. but it didn't seem to mean anything. some taking the side of the tiger and others the side of the lion. 2004 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 89 . and his days were numbered and his time was ticking away. a male." roared Leo and he charged out of the den to defend his crown against the pretender. All the animals of the jungle joined in. it shone upon a jungle in which nothing stirred except a macaw and a cockatoo. sleepily. Taken from Readings to Remember. "What are we fighting for?" someone asked the aardvark. Every creature from the aardvark to the zebra took part in the struggle to overthrow the lion or to repulse the tiger. play the characters on this story and answer the questions that follow. "The new order. "The old order." The tigress listened but she could hear no crying. It was a terrible fight and it lasted until the setting of the sun. had got an imaginary thorn in his paw." she said. the lion." he roared. The tiger prowled through the jungle till he came to the lion's den." said the tiger. "What king?" he inquired. in my honour. is king of beasts. very like his father. "Come out. screaming in horror.Activity 9 Work in group." said the tiger. The Tiger Who Would Be King One morning the tiger woke up in the jungle and told his mate that he was king of beasts. "The creatures are crying for a change. and some fought for both. "Leo." she said. "It will be a yellow moon with black stripes. "The king of beasts. "The king is here to see you. All the beasts were dead except the tiger." said the tigress as she went to look after her young. and some did not knot know which they were fighting for." and greet the king of beasts! The king is dead. except that of her cubs." said the zebra. "I'll be king of beasts by the time the moon rises. "What are we dying for?" someone asked the zebra." she said." said the aardvark. "We need a change." "Oh sure. When the moon rose.

Are you with me?" asked Budi. it is not a good solution. 2. doesn't go to school anymore. How many characters are there in the story? Mention them. What is the moral of the story? Activity 10 Work in group of three. "I am sorry." said Budi. "Our teachers asked me where you were." continued Budi. Were they on tiger's side or lion's? 8. you may not stop studying here. Sir." "Thank you very much. the tiger or the lion? 9.1. Were there any beasts survive the fight? 10. Who won the fight. not to me. Did the tiger and the lion fight for the crown? 6. That's kind of you. Budi. Tomorrow you and I meet our headmaster to tell about this. The Cleverest Student Evi. "What's up? What can I do for you?" asked the headmaster. Taken from English for SMA 2. "I am sorry to hear that. Did all the animals of the jungle join in the fight? 7. Where did the story take place? 3. . "No . Change the following text into dialogue." told Evi." told Evi. Then act it out in front of the class. I think it is not a serious problem. "Excuse me. "Why don't you go to school again?" asked Budi. All payments are my responsibility" said the headmaster. Now I have to stay at home because my father has stopped working at factory. What do you think if I stop studying. 2005 90 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . "You are a very smart student. . "Okay. Why did the tiger tell his mate that he was king of beasts? 4. who is the cleverest student in the class. The headmaster is surprised to see the two students in his office. came to see her at home. I'm glad you still want to study in this school. She has to stop studying because she cannot pay school fee. Because now he just stays at home after he has been laid off by the company." said Evi happily. What did the tiger come to the lion's den for? 5. If so." asked Evi. May I study here without payment? My father cannot pay my school fee. "Oh. At school they meet the headmaster in his office. her classmate.

reading and understanding narrative texts. 4. you will learn how to: • • • identify factual meaning in the texts. 4. 5. 1. 3. Activity 1 Study the following picture and answer the questions orally. 2. 3. Activity 2 Before reading the story. What is the picture about? Can you predict what the story is about? Do you have a favourite folklore? What is the title of the folklore? Tell the class about it. horrible monster castle armour swords knight fought useless Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 91 . 6. 2. 7. 1. 8. 5. read and study the following words and find their meanings.Reading In this section. identify the structure of narrative texts.

One day. How long did Beowulf become king? 9. The dragon was very big and breathed fire. He was king for fifty years. What did Beowulf use to kill Grendel's mother? 8. But one day. The king and his men tried to kill the monster but their swords were useless. Beowulf woke up and fought the monster-he pulled off an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake and died. Who was half-man and half-monster? 2. Why did Beowulf come to Denmark? 4. the king was very happy and he gave Beowulf presents and money. The Legend of Beowulf Once upon a time. King Beowulf was an old man but he put on his armour again and went to the dragon's cave with his men. The knights were afraid and they did not want to fight the dragon. there was a horrible monster called Grendel.Activity 3 Read the following story aloud. He killed Grendel's mother with a special sword. 1. What did Beowulf do about it? 92 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Beowulf and his men took off their armour and put away their swords and went to sleep. He lived in Denmark. 2003 Activity 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 3. Beowulf went back to his country and became a king. In the morning. … Taken from Opportunities Elementary. What attacked the people in Beowulf's country? 10. he went to the King's castle. Beowulf went to the lake. The monster came into the castle and killed a knight. What did Grendel's mother do when she find out about her son's death? 7. He was half-man and half-monster. It lived in a cave with treasure. That night. What happened to Grendel after he fought Beowulf? 6. a dragon came to his country. and it attacked people. What did Beowulf do to Grendel when he fought him? 5. Grendel's mother was very angry and the next night she went to the castle and killed a knight. Were the king and his men succeed in killing Grendel? Why? 3. When he came back. A knight called Beowulf heard about the problem and went to Denmark to help the king.

Decide how the story ends based on the following options: a." The fox had read somewhere. now that I look more closely." he said. "Bars may come and bars may go. Grendel killed Beowulf and escaped." said the fox. I am the pioneer of flight. "I am sure you are." he concluded arrogantly. attracted the eye and nose of a fox. who was neither crazy nor nearsighted. geometricians.11. my flight is known to scientists and engineers." said the fox. and I fain would hear you tell about yourself. "but you must be nearsighted as well." said the crow quickly. but crow bars last forever. Beowulf killed Grendel and took the treasure. and began to tell about himself. perched in a tree with a piece of cheese in his beak. every two points. and scholar. c. "They say you are sly and they say you are crazy. "A ship that sails without a crow's nest sails to doom. but I am hungry and must go. The Fox and the Crow A crow. Warblers wear gay hats and colored jackets and bright vest. Any two points. I am the map maker. Activity 5 Read another story and identify its text structure in the table that follow. "And thank you for the lion's share of what I know you could not spare.com Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 93 ." said the fox. But this is not what happened to this particular crow in this particular case. but never least." Whereupon he tossed the cunning fox the lion's share of the cheese. as the shortest distance between two points. Last. having carefully removed the cheese from his beak with the claws of one foot. b. I wear black and I am unique. and they are a dollar a hundred. his appetite appeased. that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing. and somewhere else. "and share my lunch with me." And with this he trotted away into the woods. "I recognize you.aesopfables. Taken from www." said the crow. Beowulf killed Grendel but he died. and somewhere. 12. Provide reasons why you choose the option as the ending of the story. as the most famed and talented of all birds. I am sure. "If you can sing as prettily as you sit. leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree. "then you are the prettiest singer within my scent and sight. but sly." "Tarry awhile. "Oh.

4. 8. The fox said that the crows are sly and crazy. 5. The fox had read somewhere that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing. as the most famed and talented of all birds Whereupon the crow tossed the cunning fox the crow's share of the cheese. 7. 6. Then decide whether these statements are true or false. Ask your parents or grand parents. 8. Your Project Find a folklore that you know. retell it in front at the class. You can do mini research in the library. He is the map maker. 6. 1.Setting Characters Events Outcome Activity 6 Read and study the story in Activity 5 once again. There are two main characters in the story. leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree. Then. 2. The story probably took place in the jungle. The crow's appetite appeased. 4. 7. How many characters are there in the story? Where did the story probably take place? Why did the fox praise the voice of the crow? Had the crow known the fox's plan of praising him? Did the fox give up trying to persuade the crow to share his lunch? What did the fox do in order that the crow shared his lunch? Did the fox succeed in getting what he wanted? What is the moral of the story? 94 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 5. 3. 3. Activity 7 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 5. 2. The fox recognise that the crow look more closely. The fox is really arrogant. 1.

Activity 8 Read and study the announcement. Then complete the from that follow based on the announcement.m. We would like to thank each and every one of our entrants for making our contest such an ongoing success! We will be officially launching our latest edition of Ten Stories High in the Mills Room at the Public Library on Saturday. we wish to thank all the entrants who participated in our contest this year and congratulations to our winners! Taken from www. This gala event will feature readings by this year's winning contestants as well as refreshments. The Niagara Branch of the Canadian Authors Association wishes to congratulate the winners of our Ten Stories High Eighth Annual Short Story Competition. Announcement The Niagara Branch of the Canadian Authors Association is pleased to announce the finalists of our Ten Stories High Eighth Annual Short Story Competition.org Topic: Event: Organizer: Winners: Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 95 . We will also be offering copies of our anthology for sale at that time. September 29 from 2 to 5 p. Our top ten winners are: First Prize Colette Maitland "Until Death Do We Part" Second Prize Ruth Taylor "At the Corner of Petapa and Thirty-first" Third Prize Alison McCabe "Until Recently" " Once again.canauthorsniagara.

oils. come. Even fewer foods should be chosen from the fats... The pipe was replaced by the plumber. they belive b. Fewer foods should be chosen from the meat and dairy groups in the middle.Grammar Review Passive Voice Study the following sentences. The form of passive is: be + past participle. Passive voice is used when it is not important to know exactly who performs an action. are belived (UAN 2004) Activity 9 Change the following sentences into passive voice. The firefighters helps a family from being trapped in a ruin. Vitamins must be supplied in a person's daily diet. A fire melts the wax statue at the House of Wax. 2. 4. The sentences above use passive voice. etc. to be descendant from dinosaurs. 2. a. 3. Some of the verbs cannot be changed into passive form such as happen. to belive c. sleep. 3. to belived e. My brother buys me this new computer game. and sweets at the top of the pyramid. UN Shot Komodo . If the subject of an active sentence is someone or the people. belived d. 1. The play was written by Shakespeare. 5. In passive voice. 5. 1. we do not have to put them in the object of passive sentence. 4. The cameraman takes the President's several times. She writes the beautiful story of prince and princesses. the object of an active verb becomes the subject of the passive verb. 96 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .

the wolf turned and ran away. don't worry about that.Activity 10 Read another story and identify its moral values. Finally. "But. You could do the same. saying. "You are in terrible shape! You look as if you haven't eaten for many days. so that the outline of his bones could be seen clearly beneath his thinning coat of hair. the wolf had little hope of finding food. He was curious about this. then I won't be able to walk when I want to take a walk or to run where I want to run." said the dog. "I work regularly and I eat regularly. The Wolf and the Dog Once there was a wolf who was nearly dead with hunger. will I be chained up at night too?" That's right." Taken from www. In that way." "Chained up!" cried the wolf." answered the dog. "If I come to live with you." "But. as they were walking. "Do you mean that you are chained up at night? If I come to live with you. he asked the dog about it. Now I am so weak that I have little hope of finding food. "It's the place where the collar rubs on my neck when my master chains me up at night. So they went off together toward the ranch house where the dog lived. for the dog had such a beautiful coat every where else." the wolf said. Then choose ten sentences to change them into passive sentences. and I have a warm place to sleep." said the wolf.com Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 97 . well-fed. He was very thin. I will arrange it. the wolf noticed that the hair on a certain part of the dog's neck was very thin. "The dog called after the wolf. "I haven't eaten because you and your friends are doing such a good job of guarding the sheep. we won't have to worry about your stealing the sheep any more and you won't have to worry about going hungry any more." The wolf thought it over for a few minutes and then decided that the dog was right. if I am chained up. the dog felt sorry for him and said. You can help me and the other dogs guard the sheep." "You're right. I'm more free than you are. I won't be free anymore." Then why not join us? Asked the dog. Seeing how thin and hungry-looking the wolf was. "Oh. As he lay beneath a large tree.aesopfables. "Wait! Come back! I may not be able to do everything I want to do. It's a good deal for both of us. You are too worried about keeping alive to enjoy life. You'll get used to it soon enough. With hardly enough energy to walk. but I'm healthy." After saying this. a dog out for a walk noticed him. But. I think I will surely die. I hardly think about it anymore.

2. 3. 1.aesopfables. you will learn how to: • • develop paragraph of narrative texts. writing narrative texts. 4.com 98 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Writing In this section. Activity 1 Answer these questions. then the crocodile swam down the river now the crocodile was very hungry so when it was in the middle of the river it stopped and said to the monkey monkey my father is very sick he must eat the heart of a monkey the he will be strong again the monkey thought for a while then he told the crocodile to swim back to the river bank what for asked the crocodile because i didn't bring my heart with me said the monkey i left it under the tree near some coconuts so the crocodile turned around and swam back to the bank of the river as soon as they reached the river bank the monkey jumped off the crocodiles back and climbed up to the top of a tree where is your heart asked the crocodile you are foolish the monkey said to the crocodile now i am free and you have nothing the monkey told the crocodile not to try to trick him again the crocodile swam away hungry Taken from www. one day a monkey wanted to cross a river he saw a crocodile in the river so he asked the crocodile told the monkey to jump onto its back. Have you ever written a story? What do you do first when you write a story? Have you ever written a fairy tale? Are there any differences between writing fairy tales and ordinary short stories? Activity 2 Punctuate and capitalise the following story.

Arrange them by putting the letter after the number so they tell the story shown in the picture.com 3 4 5 6 a. For further steps in writing narrative. This gave Pak Aman an idea how to get his has back b. 1 2 Englishclub. then read the sentence given below. d.com The first important thing to remember about a narrative essay is that it tells a story.Activity 3 Look at the picture carefully. c. In the final paragraph. they are not in the correct order. the author should come to an important conclusion about the experience that has just been described. The second important thing about a narrative essay is that the story should have a point. So Pak Aman managed to get his hat back. So has sat down under the tree to sleep. Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 99 . visit www.infoplease. He was very angry and threw a stone at them.

Appearances are deceptive. which he buried in a hole in the ground by the side of an old wall and went to look at daily. but go and take a stone. k. The monkeys in turn threw fruit down at him. he soon made a meal off her .co. The Lamb that belonged to the sheep whose skin the Wolf was wearing began to follow the Wolf in the Sheep's clothing. g.and for some time he succeeded in deceiving the sheep. for when the gold was there. and stole it. and place it in the hole. and enjoying hearty meals. The monkeys came down and took all the hats except the one on Pak Aman's hats.short-stories. h.uk The Wolf in Sheep's Clothing A Wolf found great difficulty in getting at the sheep owing to the vigilance of the shepherd and his dogs. One of his workmen observed his frequent visits to the spot and decided to watch his movements. said. on his next visit. so it put it on over its own pelt and strolled down among the sheep.short-stories. The Miser.e. i. you had it not. At this the monkeys threw all the hats down at him. But one day it found the skin of a sheep that had been flayed and thrown aside.uk 100 Developing English Competencies for Grade X ." Taken from www.co. Taken from www. It will do you quite the same service. found the hole empty and began to tear his hair and to make loud lamentations. Activity 4 Study these stories and fill in the narrative text pattern that follow based on the story. "Pray do not grieve so. and digging down. he felt very tired. and fancy that the gold is still lying there. Pak Aman sells hat in the village. leading the Lamb a little apart. f. There were lots of naughty monkeys up that tree. So. One day. The Miser A miser sold all that he had and bought a lump of gold. as you did not make the slightest use of it. while he was going from one village to another. He soon discovered the secret of the hidden treasure. seeing him overcome with grief and learning the cause. A neighbor. came to the lump of gold. j. He took off his hat and threw it at the monkeys.

Narrative Text Pattern Tittle : Climax Major Characters Minor Characters Falling Action Conflict: Resolution: Events: Rising Action Setting: Theme: Activity 5 Now. 3. Fable story Folklore Myth or legend Congratulations! You Did It Very Well 101 . make your own narrative story. 2. 1. Choose from the following categories.

If you find some difficulties. a crisis arises. Write and tell your favourite folklore.Chapter Summary 1. 6. a stepping back to evaluate the plight. respond to expressions for congratulation and giving compliment. b... optional. : : : : : sets the scene and introduces the participants. What do you say when someone congratulates and complements you? 3. Complimenting • You look great. the crisis is resolved. congratulate and compliment others. 4. Language Functions a.. 2. 3. : to amuse. Pay attention to the structure of the text. 102 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . respond to a monologue of a narrative text.. • You look terrific. Now. I must say that you are . Genre Narrative Function • • • • Well done! Great job! How beautiful you are. 5. identify the structure of narrative texts. for better or for worse. Generic Structure Orientation Evaluation Complication Resolution Re-orientation Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. performing a monologue of narrative texts. write narrative texts. you are expected to be able to: 1. answer the questions: 1. entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways. identify factual meaning in the texts. 7.. What do you say to give complement and congratulate someone? 2. 2. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends.. Congratulating • Congratulations! • Congratulations on.

Chapter 5 Sourc e: Pub li shers' s Doc umen tation I'm Very Grateful to You In This Chapter Listening: • • • • Responding to expressions of gratitude Responding to invitation Responding to a monologue of a descriptive text Expressing gratitude Performing a monologue of descriptive texts Identifying the structure of a descriptive text Reading descriptive texts Writing short descriptions and announcement Writing descriptive texts Speaking: • • • • • Reading: Writing: 103 .

Can I see today's newspaper? Of course. Yuni. would you do me a favour? Why not? What can I do for you? Could you tell your brother how 7 I am for his help to lend me his magazine? Oh. I'm returning your brother's sports magazine. And you? 2 I'm just fine. Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni : : : : : : Hello Yuni. 6 . respond to invitation. Would you like any other magazine or newspaper to read? Yes.Listening In this section. Listen carefully to complete the dialogue and answer the questions that follow. 8 . Here it is. 2. Here it is and 4 . Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. How do you respond to someone expressing gratitude? Is it alright if you just say nothing? Activity 2 You will listen to a tape playing a dialogue. Henry. Great. sure. 1 . 1. It's all right. . 3 . Henry : Yuni : Henry : Yuni : Henry : Yuni : Henry : 1. 2. 3. respond to descriptive texts. Fine. I'll tell him. you will learn how to: • • • respond to gratitude. Please come in and have a seat. How are you this morning? Hi. 5 . By the way. Where does this conversation take place? What is the purpose of Henry's coming? What does Henry want Yuni to do? 104 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . please.

Activity 4 Study the picture and then answer these questions orally. 4. I'm very grateful to you. What picture is it? Where do you usually find that place? What can you do if you go to that place? Can you describe the situation on the picture? How do we prevent the beauty of the place? I'm Very Grateful to You 105 . 2. b. You're great. 2002 1. 4. b. b. Source: ML Calendar Catalogue.4. I'd love to. a. You will hear some expressions. a. How can I refuse? I'd love to come. I'm sorry. a. a. b. I won't. b. 3. 3. What are the responses of the expressions? Activity 3 Listen to the tape. I can't. No. Thank you so much. Find some expressions of thanks in the dialogue. 1. 5. How can I thank you? It doesn't matter. Choose the best response for the expressions. Yes. 2. a. 5. 5.

2008 Activity 6 Listen to the tape then complete the following description of Lawang Sewu. 1 2 Colosseum: 3 Borobudur: Stonehenge: Source: Microsoft Encarta. It is a famous 6 in the region of Semarang and a pride for Java. it is also well known for the fascinating 4 representing the Dutch Symbolism. Adapted from www. Lawang Sewu Lawang Sewu is one of the famous in Indonesia. Besides its thousand doors. It is named 2 which means 3 . The stained glass windows are similar with those of the places like The Hague 1 and Rotterdam and also the Royal family.com 106 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .Activity 5 You are going to listen to three descriptions of the following pictures. Match the pictures and the descriptions you hear.central-java-tourism. The building has numerous 5 which open out to the offices on one side of the office and the other end of the building on the other hand.

When is the time to express gratitude to someone? What do you say when you want to thank someone who helps you? Activity 2 Read and act out the following dialogue.Speaking In this section. Ratna invites Ardi to have dinner together. 3. 4. on the way home. 2. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. After visiting the museum. Ratna Ardi Ratna Ardi : : : : Are you free tonight? Why? I wonder if you would like to have dinner at my house. 1. Will you pick me up? Sure. Be ready at 7. 2. When will they go to the museum? Who invites Ratna to go to the museum? Does Ratna like to go the museum? What does she say? Is Ardi free tonight? Can Ardi go to Ratna's house to have dinner together? Why? What does Ardi say to decline Ratna's invitation? I'm Very Grateful to You 107 . perform a monologue of descriptive text. 6. Activity 3 Answer the following questions based on the information given in the dialogue above. 5. Ardi Ratna Ardi Ratna : : : : I'm going to the museum on Sunday morning. I won't say no. Would you like to come with me? I'd love to. OK? All right. you will learn how to: • • express gratitude. I'll be there. 1.

Actually.... I wish I can see it for myself. Yes..? Do you want to come with ..? Will you join . Dandy : Kayla : Dandy : Kayla : 108 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . my parents are taking me there again this vacation.. Would you like to . Dandy : Kayla : I've never been to Borobudur before..... Wow. Activity 4 Study the following dialogue. What if you come and join us? How can I say no? Of course I'd love to come.... Then.. I’d love to. Expressing gratitude More Formal Less Formal • • • • I would like to thank you for ...What to Say Inviting someone More Formal Less Formal • • • • I’d like to invite you to . I won’t say no . Thank you. Great.. The temple is extravagant.? Accepting invitations More Formal Less Formal • • • • I’d be delighted to . I’d like to very much.. What is it like? It's very beautiful.. I'm sure my parents won't mind. Thanks. Beautiful stone carvings surrounded the temple and the statues are amazing too. Let me express my gratitude .. make your own dialogue and act it out in front of the class.

Activity 5 Work in pairs. a. hand-writing (UN 2004) V Pronunciation Practice 1. explorer /ɪk'splɔ:rɘ(r)/ war /wɔ:(r)/ resource /rɪ'sɔ:s/ wall /wɔ:l/ enormous /'ɪnɔ:mɘs/ probably /'prɔbɘblɪ/ archaeologists /ˌɑ:kɪˈɒlɘdʒɪst/ foreign /'fɒrɘn/ forest /'fɒrɪst/ crop /krɒp/ I'm Very Grateful to You 109 . manuscript of the play is on display in the museum. 2. 9. 8. Sandi has just given you a ticket for a music show.. hand-written d. Have you ever gone to a historical place? Can you mention some historical places in Indonesia that have become tourist resorts? Can you mention some outstanding historical places around the world? UN Shot The original . 7. 3. Use them to express your gratitude for the following. A policeman has just shown you the way to the railway station. Give suitable responses. Sandi has just given you a ticket for a music show. written by hand b. Activity 6 Activity 7 Answer the following questions orally. 10. 1. Your friend has just given you a bar of chocolate. 4. 2. 6. A policeman has just shown you the way to the railway station. Your friend has just given you a bar of chocolate. 4. 2. 1. 2. Tini has lent you a magazine. Use them to express your gratitude for the following. that is hand-written e. writing hand c. There are many kinds of expressions for thanks. 5. Create dialogues based on the following situations. 3. 1. Tini has lent you a magazine. 3. 3. 4. There are many kinds of expressions for thanking..

Why did they build the tower? We don't know. On the island.Activity 8 Read aloud the following texts with appropriate pronunciation. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools.2 metres thick. and no doors. They think the Great Enclosure was built about 1. Thor Heyerdahl. There are many unanswered questions about Easter Island. The Great Enclosure has enormous walls – sometimes 11 metres high and 1. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. discovered a huge stonewalls in Zimbabwe. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. a German.700 kilometres from the coast of Chile. We don't know why the statues left alone on the island. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. We don't know who built them but they were probably constructed between 1150 and 1500. all the way from Peru. On top of a hill. We don't even know who built Great Zimbabwe – it is a mystery to African and foreign archaeologists. 3. Easter Island Norwegian explorer. The walls covered 25 hectares around what is now called ‘Great Zimbabwe'. 2000 Easter Island is in the South Pacific. believed that they were built by people from South America. Great Zimbabwe is the most impressive Iron Age site in Africa. there are 600 large statues.000 years ago. Perhaps they were killed by disease or war. there is a large 110 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Archaeologists think that the statues represent dead tribal leaders. 2000 In 1871 Karl Mauch. no windows. Africa. passages and rooms and a mysterious 9-metre-high stone tower that has no stairs. We don't really know why they are there. The Great Zimbabwe castle and underneath this is the ‘Great Enclosure'. Perhaps the builders used all the natural resources on the island. To prove this. he made a simple raft and sailed there. Inside the Great Enclosure there are many huts.

Easter Island 1. How did they move the trees? We don't know. in the desert of the Chaco Canyon. Location Time of building (approximation) Physical appearance Great Zimbabwe Pueblo Bonito I'm Very Grateful to You 111 . doors and roofs.000 trees from forests almost 80 kilometres away. 2000 One thousand years ago. Perhaps they used them for religious ceremonies or for storing crops.Pueblo Bonito transported more than 200. They Activity 9 Complete the following box with the information from the text to show the description of those places. Why did they leave? Hunger? War? We really don't know. 2. the Anasazi people built nine multi-storey buildings called ‘Great Houses'. We know the Anasazi people abandoned the Great Houses. In some buildings there are huge circular rooms called ‘kivas'—the biggest one is underground and it is about 16 metres wide. Taken from Cambridge English for Schools. 2000 Source: Cambridge English for Schools. Why did the Anasazi build circular rooms? We don't know. 3. They used stone for the walls and wood for the floors.

They are not as high as the American Falls. and the U.S. Canada is on one side of the river. Niagara Falls Niagara Falls really has two waterfalls. and the American Falls are in the United States. Where is Niagara Falls located? What countries are separated by Niagara Falls? Where are the two waterfalls of Niagara Falls? What is Canyon? How big are the Horseshoe Falls? 112 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . at the falls. 2006 Niagara Falls is a famous area of waterfalls. The Niagara River forms part of the border between Canada and the United States. The Horseshoe Falls are in Canada. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 1. Most of the water flows over the Horseshoe Falls. 4. About 10 million people visit Niagara Falls each year. coloured lights shine on the thundering falls. It is on the Niagara River. At night. state of New York is on the other side.8 kilometre). Activity 11 Answer the following questions orally. The Niagara River drops into a steep gorge or canyon. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. but they are 2.600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0.5 mile (0. the powerful swirling water has carved a bowl out of the rock. It is one of the most beautiful natural wonders of North America.000 feet (305 metres) wide. 5. 2. Ontario. Beyond the falls are the Whirlpool Rapids. At Niagara Falls. There.Activity 10 Perform a monologue about the description of Niagara Falls. The American Falls are about 1. about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. 3.

in the park. at lunch. During is used with a period of time: during our holiday. in 2005. 4. In is used with periods of time and also with places: in October. after summer. For is used with a period of time: for one hour. at Jln. after lunch time. New Horizon The name "Easter Island" was given by the island's first recorded European visitor. 7. is Spanish for "Easter Island". at the corner of. while she was at the bank. 6. who encountered Easter Island on Easter Sunday 1722. Isla de Pascua. put off. I'm Very Grateful to You 113 . Some prepositions with more than one word are in front of. after reading. of making. 2. before asking. 3. Of is used with nouns and also with -ing forms: legs of the table. • For the sake of God. while searching for Davis or David's island. Example: • I stand in front of the class. the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen. After/before is used with period of times. for the sake of. in Canada.Grammar Review Preposition Study the following explanation of prepositions. before him. for a week.11. While is used with subject + verb: while you went out. on Monday. 8. Soka no. for ages.[2] The island's official Spanish name. on June 18. 5. before June. For is also intended to be given to or belong to a particular person: The Great Sphinx was probably built for Khafre. glance of eye. 1. after me. Off is used with verbs: get off. with pronouns and also with -ing forms: before winter. At is used with times and also with places: at Niagara Falls. on the wall. On is used with dates and days and also with places: on Niagara River. during the night. take off. • He has to stand at the corner of the classroom. at midnight. in the United States. 9. in the Middle Ages.

Then. T/F 1. was probably built 14 Khafre. There are 10 pyramids Giza. A huge statue 13 a sphinx. 1 2 Activity 13 Read aloud the text you have completed. • of • on • of • at • of • of • • • for in to • for • for • for • of • for • near Source: Microsoft Encarta. 2006 The pyramids Giza (Al Jizah) stand 3 the west bank the Nile River outside 4 Cairo. 15 It stands his pyramid. called the Great Sphinx. 5. Pyramids are built for king's servants.C. 4. 114 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . decide whether the following statements are true or false. The largest was 10 built King Khufu. 2. Giza is located near the Nile River. The second was built 11 King Khafre.Activity 12 Complete the text with appropriate prepositions given in the box. including 5 three the largest and best preserved 6 all Egyptian pyramids. The Great Sphinx was built for King Khufu. There is only one pyramid at Giza. and the third 12 King Menkaure. 3. The largest pyramid was built for King Khufu. They were built 7 kings 8 9 about 2600 2500 B.

2. Activity 1 Answer the questions based on the picture. Activity 2 Before you read the story about “Gua Tabuhan”. Can you find a place like this in your village? What do people call this place? Is it a kind of tourist resort? What do you think of this place? Where can you find this place? Have you ever visited some tourist resorts in East Java? Mention them. 6.Reading In this section.org 1. 4. c. e. d. 3. 5. 3. learn these words. Meanings or Synonyms a.upload. read and understand descriptive texts. you will learn how to: • • • find specific information from descriptive texts. b. located lime scenery peddlers agates I'm Very Grateful to You 115 . 4.wikimedia. 5. Source: www. Then match them with their meanings or synonyms. identify the structure of descriptive texts. 2. view considered to be brave strike something with a hard blow situated Words 1.

Wareng village. k. g. 8. it is like a fair. in Tabuhan. 11. Nyi Kamiyem. 13. It is said that the cave is the only place where nature produces sounds like the music of gamelan. j. l. Maybe you are interested in going there too but you don't know where it is.6. Gua Tabuhan Is a Lively Unique Cave In the cave. identification description 116 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 7. a hollow place in the side of hill very hard stones place on which Muslims kneel when praying goods sellers moving from place to place keep apart from others a small narrow river run after something holy Activity 3 Read the following text. Somehow. 10. does not doubt anything. a well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer) from the village of Gabuhan. Pay attention to the structure of the text. People sell agates on the cave terraces. Nyi Kamiyem will sing a song and Ki Padmo will beat the drum. sacred dared chased bump prayer mat seclude cave stream f. Joining them are people called wiyogo which are drummers and other gamelan musicians. 9. who often sings in the cave. East of the cave peddlers sell souvenirs. Gua Tabuhan is located near Pacitan in East Java. The drink and food peddlers are on the north side. Along the road there is beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy rice fields. The route is easy. forgetting all problems. Nyi (Mrs) Kamiyem and Ki (Mr) Padmo sit on a big stone. i. coconutpalms and birds. The visitors dance. h. What makes this unique is that they mix gamelan with the sounds of nature. It is situated in a lime hill called Tapan. Many tourists go to this cave. 12. m.

Taken from Hello English Magazine. and a local guide will lead the way. in the east corner. It is said that Pangeran Diponegoro used to seclude himself in the cave. a beach nearby. 3. Sometimes visitors bump their heads against the sharp rocks on the ceiling. went to the cave to find out what was wrong. It was believed to be a sacred place. So. it can be heard from inside. 1. Watukarang. There is a stream in the cave. and characteristics. is good to visit.Gua Tabuhan did not use to welcome visitors. do you want different souvenirs? You can find them in Donorodjo village where agate craftsman work. The description part describes parts. 1996 The structure of descriptive text is divided into two parts: Identification and description. What do you call people who join Nyi Kamiyem and Ki Padmo in the cave? Where is Gua Tabuhan located? What can you see along the road to Gua Tabuhan? Where can you find peddlers selling souvenirs? I'm Very Grateful to You 117 . Description text focuses on specific participants. By the way. Inside the cave there is a plain big stone which is believed to be the prayer mat of Pangeran Diponegoro. which can only be seen outside. Activity 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 3. have a nice journey. No one dared go inside. Wedana (chief of a district) Kertodiprojo. However. 4. The cave is dark. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirits. According to Kartowiryo (90). Gua Tabuhan used to be a hiding place for robbers. one of the Indonesian heroes who fought against the Dutch. The people chased the spirits away. January. It normally uses simple present tense. Some people now use the place for meditation. The identification part is the part where writers of descriptive text identifies phenomenon to be described. so people need lights. village elder. Besides the cave. However. qualities. 2.

What is Nyi Kamiyem? How old is Ki Kartowiryo? What did Kertodiprojo find out inside the cave? What do people need when they enter the cave? What did Pangeran Diponegoro use as a prayer mat to perform prayer in the cave? 10. To reach Wareng village the visitors have trouble. The cave is used for meditation. 4. 7. T/F 1. The visitors will forget all their problems when hearing the sounds of nature and gamelan. The inside of the cave is like a fair because visitors and peddlers bring light if they come in. Activity 5 In pairs. 118 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. 6. 10. 8. 8. Can you see the stream inside the cave? 5. 5. 9. 9. 7. Pangeran Diponegoro secluded himself inside the cave. You find the drink and food peddlers on the east of the cave. Visitors who visit the cave cannot find water easily. Nyi Kamiyem is not a well-known pesinden. 6. choose T if the statement is true and F if it is false according to the text. 3. Gua Tabuhan is located in Wareng Village. People who are in the cave can hear the stream.

initially bearing the name Norwegian Sky. has a population of 900. and this is particularly true when he sees the islands from the vantage point of a cruise ship. flag in some time. The simple response. and this is the pattern throughout the day.250 euros per person for the seven nights of the cruise. where the cruise starts. but this is more than enough to utter the word "Aloha". In 2004 it was converted for duty on the Pacific cruise route and is the first cruise ship to fly the U. travellers are greeted by mountains of ham and pancakes. but it is in fact much more than a greeting or farewell. Hawaii is the "Aloha State" and the 50th state of the United States of America. The cruise ship belongs to Star Cruises. Midwest.700 kilograms of meat during the sevenday cruise – the equivalent of 700 grams per passenger per day. the third-largest cruise operator in the world.S.S. through flower garlands and grass skirts to coconut bikinis. At breakfast. The Pride of Aloha bears witness to this attitude. or Mahalo in Hawaiian. suffices as answer. The passenger aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel would have little reason to respond otherwise. A cruise aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel is perhaps the most comfortable and by no means the most exclusive way to see Hawaii.000 inhabitants and is the largest human settlement in the South Sea. consuming 9. "Aloha. I'm Very Grateful to You 119 . Big Island and Maui. How are you today?" is a frequently asked question on the "Pride of Aloha". Seeing Hawaii in Cruising Style The Hawaiian language is based on five vowels and just seven consonants. Included in the price is full board.000 aboard have their homes in the U. This greeting written out in lights already welcomes those arriving at Honolulu airport. where there is general scorn at the notion of going on diet. A cabin with a sea view costs as little as 1. Most of the almost 2. The Norwegian Cruise Line is no more Norwegian than the food aboard the Pride of Aloha is Hawaiian. from colourful shirts. Kauai.Activity 6 Read the following text and then answer the questions that follow. Oahu. and the Pride of Aloha was built in 1999. Honolulu on Oahu. Aloha means love and well-being and somehow stands for everything that goes to make up the image of Hawaii. A visitor to these islands in the middle of the Pacific feels immediately that he has one foot firmly anchored in the American Way of Life. a nightly entertainment program and transfers between the four most important islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago. "Fine".

But anyone who gazes out over the blue ocean to watch the surfers ride the perfect waves knows why he has come to Hawaii.Faceless apartment blocks turn into equally faceless hotel towers and shopping malls in the seaside resort of Waikiki. When was Pride of Aloha built? 6. How many kilograms of meat are consumed by the passengers a week? 5. What are included in the price of the cabin? 8. 5. Can you describe Honolulu on Oahu in a sentence? 9. February 13. There is a reason for the crowds. the endless concrete and the activity: Waikiki Beach is perhaps the most famous in the world after the Copacabana. What does the word "Aloha" mean and stand for according to the text? 2. How are the travellers aboard the Norwegian Cruise Line vessel greeted at breakfast? 4. What is the reason for the crowds bustle along the shopping streets of Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues? Activity 7 Decide in which paragraph you can find the following information. 4. Thousands of Japanese bustle along the shopping streets of Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues. How much does a cabin with a sea view cost? 7. Information Paragraph 1. What are the possible responses to the greeting "Aloha"? 3. How is the building in the seaside resort of Waikiki? 10. Taken from The Jakarta Post. 2005 1. One hopes at the same time that the evidence of human progress will become less apparent as the cruise progresses while the beach remains as beautiful. Definition of “Aloha” The reason why few passengers in the vessel do not respond to the greeting History of Norwegian Cruise Line vessel The rate of a cabin with a sea view Description of situation in Kalakaua and Kuhio avenues 120 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2. 3.

rises to about 11 metres high. Shanghai Industrial Exhibition displays variety of manufactured products. This section is about 7. crowded with worshippers. Temple of the Jade Buddha. 2000 I'm Very Grateful to You 121 . and it was erected entirely by hand. Its art treasure and universities have long made the city China’s cultural centre. without nails. Adapted from New Interchange Workbook 2. There’s a lot to do in this exciting city! Beijing is famous for its beautiful palaces. Nanjing Road is the major shopping thoroughfare. Call 800-999-TRIP for more information and reservations. You must visit the Temple of Heaven. One of the highest sections of the Great Wall. the most famous temple in China. near Beijing. The wall crosses northern China between the east coast and north-central China. The Hall of Prayer of Good Harvests is an architectural wonder. each carved from a single huge piece of white jade. The bund waterfront area is lined with banks and office buildings.5 metres wide at its base and nearly 6 metres at the top. on Mount Badaling. Watchtowers stand about 90 to 180 metres apart along the wall. 2008 Great Wall of China is the longest structure ever built. Its length is about 6. temples. constructed entirely of wood. See two exciting cities and one of the world’s wonders 11 days $799 + airfare! Shanghai is China’s largest city. It resembles a modern Western city more than does any other Chinese city. major industrial and commercial centre and seaport. has two statues of Buddha.400 kilometres. and huge stone walls and gates.Activity 8 Read this travel ad and check whether the statements that follow are true or false according to the ad. Source: Microsoft Encarta. The main part of the wall is about 3.460 kilometres long.

7. write descriptive texts. 4. Activity 1 Answer the following questions. 2. In your opinion. 5. you will learn how to: • • write a short description. There are many watchtowers in Shanghai. 4. Mount Badaling isn't far from Beijing. No machine was used to erect the Great Wall of China. 3. Writing In this section. 5. 8.T/F 1. Beijing is China's largest city. scenery of mountain or beach? Can you mention some mountains in the world which have interesting scenery? What should we do to preserve the resources in the mountains? How is the condition of the beaches in Indonesia? Can you mention some of the beaches that have become popular tourist resorts? 122 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Shanghai is the most modern city in China. 6. 2. Both Shanghai and Beijing have beautiful temples. 3. which one is the most amazing. Temple of the Jade Buddha is constructed entirely of wood. The top of the Great Wall is wider than its base. 1.

Beginners should respect the sea and stay within depth to start with as the current can be very strong. Bali has perfected the art of keeping its guests happy. Mount Kosciusko Mount Kosciusko is actually the highest mountain (2. Uluwatu and Nusa Lembongan. Further afield. Lovina. snorkelling. The beach is a major factor in any island holiday and Bali has a coastline which offers every possible water activity including surfing some of the best waves in the world. For snorkelling and diving. It does not rise up out of the surrounding countryside as do many of Indonesia's spectacular mountains. Whether you want to throw yourself from high attitudes.files. hurtle down frothing rapids. Elevation gain is minimal and the wide open terrain is scenic. Tulamben and Amed in the east. Ketewel and the area around the airport are also popular with experienced surfers. Then answer the questions.228 metres) on the world's flattest and smallest continent. Nusa Penida and Nusa Lembongan in the south. the closest spots to Kuta are Benoa and Sanur beaches where all the relevant equipment can be hired. diving. Bali's waves are world famous and range from safe beach breaks for beginners like Kuta to the awesome swells at Padang Padang. Apart from Kuta and Legian beaches. v Bali Action sailing and parasailing. Padang Bai. explore the wonders of the deep or just lie back and take it easy. Candidasa. September 2000 Source: www.wordpress. in the north and the amazing Pulau Menjangan in the northwest. For the more experienced. Nusa Dua has a number of breaks as does Sanur. Canggu. good destinations include Pulau Serangan.masham3d. Taken from Hello Bali. Australia. which regularly attract the pros. In the winter there I'm Very Grateful to You 123 . cruises.com The amazing choice of different activities available in Bali means that there is indeed something for everyone.Activity 2 Analyse the structure of the following descriptive texts. swimming with dolphins. Medewi is also good for beginners.

the crags of Tasmania. 2. 2000 the tower of london was first built in the 11th century within the roman city walls its purpose was to protect and control the city 124 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Taken from Kang Guru. Australia does have 1. Actually. the tower of london since then it has been a fortress a palace and a prison the scene of murder execution ceremonies and years of imprisonments the tower is one of the UK's finest castles and as one of the strongest fortresses in the land is the home of the crown jewels it also houses a fine collection of armour and many other displays showing nine centuries of british history Taken from Take Off. Kosciusko was named by Polish explorer Paul Strzelecki in 1840. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. including areas of the Blue Mountains. a craggier peak about one kilometre north of Kosciusko. Townshend. The mountain is within a national park so no cars are allowed and the vegetation and wildlife is protected. Activity 4 Study the following text well. Discuss with your friend to punctuate and capitalise it well.is deep snow on the upper parts of the mountain. and even Mt. What are the topics of the two texts? Activity 3 List the use of prepositions within the text of Activity 2 in your workbook. Mt. some interesting mountainous terrain. 2004 Do the texts have a similarity in their structure? Explain your answer.

Activity 5 Answer these questions. 2001 I'm Very Grateful to You 125 . comma (. Take Off.) and apostrophe (')? What is the topic sentence of the first paragraph? What is the topic sentence of the third paragraph? Activity 6 Work in pairs. 1 Your Project Have you ever visited Bali or another famous tourist resorts in Indonesia? Write the description about it on a paper. 1. 1998. Study the following announcements. 2. 2 Source: True Colors. Compare it to your friend's. Can you explain the function of period (. Discuss what they are about. 3.). Write down the conclusion of your discussion.

9. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. Activity 8 Study this text and write down the noun phrases.Activity 7 With your friend. 126 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 2000 Paris is the capital city of France. Pay attention to the description Paris crowded cities. 3. 4. a famous church. 1. 2. hiking. It is also one of the world's most Activity 9 Find the synonym of the following words in the text. 10. 7. Every year. At night. 5. singing contest. many palaces and statues are lit up. etc. 8. is another favourite place to visit. Lovely gardens and parks are found throughout Paris. camping. millions of people visit Paris. draws many visitors. This huge structure has become the symbol of Paris. Then write your own sentences based on these words. Choose one of them and then describe it. one of the world's largest art museums. visit popular famous largest symbol Activity 10 Look at the following pictures of tourist resort. The Louvre. It is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. study tour. e. Paris is often called the City of Light. The most popular place to visit is the Eiffel Tower. 2006 Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. make an announcement containing information about your school’s activities. The Cathedral of Notre Dame.g. dense beautiful annually very large attract 6. For this reason.

nationalgeographic.1 Englishclub.com The New7Wonders organization is happy to announce that the following 7 candidates have been elected by more than 100 million votes to represent global heritage throughout history. 2006 3 Pyramid Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. just visit www. new7wonders. 2006 I'm Very Grateful to You 127 . To find out about them.com The Wall of China Source: www3.com 2 Taj Mahal Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia.

2.. respond to report texts 4. characters. you are expected to be able to: 1. d. 8. d. What will you say to express gratitude? 2. Accepting an invitation a. b. 7. Thank you very much. find specific information from descriptive texts. b.Chapter Summary 1. Now. I really appreciate your . c. qualities. Thanks a lot.. I'd be happy to accept Genre Descriptive Function : to describe a particular person. That sounds a nice idea. write accurately words phrases. Generic Structure a. respond to invitation 3. guess meaning in context. sentences into paragraphs. I'd be delighted to.. place or thing. I'm very grateful to you for.. perform a monologue of descriptive. 5. I'd love to b. Identification : identifies phenomenon to be described. Language Functions Expressing gratitude a. consult your teacher or discuss with your friends. What will you say to accept an invitation? If you find some difficulties. 6. write a form of announcement. 9. answer the questions: 1. Description : describes parts. read a descriptive text aloud. c. 10.. respond to gratitude 2. Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. express gratitude. 128 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .

com Headline News In This Chapter Listening: • • • Responding to expressions of surprise and amazement Responding to news item texts Expressing surprise and amazement Performing a monologue of news item texts Identifying meanings and information in news item texts Reading news item texts Developing paragraph of news item texts Writing news item texts Speaking: • • • • • Reading: Writing: 129 .photo bucke t.Chapter 6 Sourc e: ww w .

2. Iwan's father reads the newspaper. 1 ! There was an earthquake in Ecuador. 4. respond to news item texts. What kind of expressions are they? 1. 2.) Iwan : Yeah. 1. 3. It's very tragic. 6. Activity 3 Listen to the tape attentively to complete the dialogue. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. Compare your answer with your friends'. He finds news that attracts his attention and informs his father. 4. Remember the earthquake in our country last year. 4 Father : . What a surprise! Oh really? Is it true? Are you serious? You must be kidding. 3. Dialogue 1 Iwan reads a newspaper. 5. Ecuador's earthquake is worse than in our country. Thousands of people were killed. Iwan : Dad.Listening In this section. 3 Father : . you will learn how to: • • respond to expressions of surprise and amazement. 7. I don't believe it. 130 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Good heavens! No. 2 . I can't imagine that. Another disaster? (Then. What is your reaction when you hear bad news? What is your reaction when you hear good news? What will you say if you hear a news that surprise you? What news that make you surprise lately? Activity 2 Listen and repeat these expressions. I find that very surprising. Many people became homeless.

Respond to each news that your friends tell you. 2. Work in pair and take turns telling your friends some news. Report your answers in front of the class.. Activity 6 In groups of four.OK my friends. 5. We will have a holiday someday. please! I have something to tell you. 5 . 4. What a shocking. That's very disappointing. Feny : Really? Why are you 3 ? Bad news? Aldi : Be quiet Feny! Andi : The headmaster cancelled tomorrow's holiday. Who has had the best week? What is it about? Who has had the worst week? What is it about? Who has had the best news this year? Who has the most shocking news? Who has had the most unusual news story to tell? Tell it to the class. 1 Andi : . Andi : I've just met the headmaster in the teachers' room. 6 Indah : . He informs that the headmaster cancels tomorrow's holiday.. 1. listen to the tape and respond to each expression you hear. pay attention to our leader. Andi : Keep calm guys.Dialogue 2 Andi brings news to his class. Headline News 131 . I tell you the truth. Aldi : Shh. 3.. The other groups respond to each news that the group told. Activity 4 Activity 5 Now. Andi : I'm serious. It seems that he brings 2 for us. He told me about our holiday. be quiet. no. Don't forget to come to the school tomorrow. Feny : What! 4 ? Aldi : Oh. Please. guys. answer these questions.

then match each news item you heard with the following headlines. Your response: I think it's good news. 1 Ayodia City Park Set for July 2 Motorists trapped in floods Greenfest 2008 to Educate on Global Warming Threat 3 4 Singing Contest Still Hot Ferguson Relieved after Big Win Food Prices Bring Trade Barriers Down 5 6 Activity 8 Listen to the news once again and make any responses based on each news you hear. I think it will be great if we have many city parks in Jakarta. For example: You hear news about the plan of Jakarta administration to build a public park.Activity 7 Listen to tape. 132 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .

. to 7:30 p. Elementary and high school students will have 4 from 6 p.m." Mochtar said." said the Mayor Muchtar Mohamad. com on Monday. either at home or in groups along with classmates living in the same neighbourhood.m. Ask your friends to guess what the news is about. "The study time must be effective. Then read it in front of the class while another students listen to it. 2008 Activity 10 Find another news in a newspaper or magazine. as quoted by Tempointeraktif. would be on May 2. During study time. he said. He failed to mention what punishments 6 on students who did not comply. April 15. no TV. Headline News 133 . "My office is still drafting 2 on study time. game consoles.Activity 9 Listen to the tape and complete the text while you are listening. 3 Bekasi: The Bekasi municipality administration 1 students to allocate at least one hour in the evening to review school lessons of finish homework. Taken from The Jakarta Post. Bekasi Makes Study Time Compulsory The regulation. in time for National Education Day. visiting shopping malls or going to 5 will be allowed.

He was in hospital for five weeks. 3. 2. He was arrested for traffic violence. I heard that Rian was in jail. Source: Earthquakes. 3. What does the picture tell you about? What is the cause of the damage in the buildings? What do you say when you hear surprising news? What do you say when you hear bad news? Imagine that you hear a surprising news. Ask five questions about it. Romi was knocked down by a car. 134 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Did you hear that Mr Setiadi got a serious cancer disease? 2. perform a dialogue of news item texts. you will learn how to: • • express surprise and amazement. on the TV news. 4. 4. 2006 1. Activity 1 Look at the picture and answer these questions orally. I saw a bad thunder storm in East Java. 5. What? Who? Where? When? How? Activity 2 Read the following sentences. What will you say if you hear this news? 1. Many people died and got serious injured. Yesterday.Speaking In this section.

The window didn't break. I got the news from his best friend. He's not the only guy in the world. Frans. Sandi : Really? He didn't die. Oh. Act them out with your friends. Let's go to the class. c. pleasure agreement sympathy expectation satisfaction (UAN 2004) Ria Wati Headline News 135 . Sandi : I don't understand. : Listen. b. Pay attention to the italicised expressions. Dina UN Shot Mr Ruli : I heard that the new art gallery will be opened this month. Take it easy. a. that's terrible. it did. ! I've been waiting for it so long.. : It doesn't mean that he loves you. he gave me a bar of chocolate. Dialogue 1 Sandi and Dina are talking about the accident which happened to an airline pilot they read about in the headline of a newspaper. you're right. Yesterday.000 feet in the air. Hadi : really? . : Good heavens! Look at this. Mrs. The bell is ringing. at the school canteen. It was in mid air. Sandy : Oh. It says a pilot was nearly sucked out of the window of his plane. They talk about Ari who is the most favourite student in their school. Ria. e. come on. Dialogue 2 Wati chats with her best friend. Wati Ria Wati Ria Wati : Do you know that Ari has a girlfriend? : Are you kidding? That's not true. I don't have time to think about love right now. : Yeah. it says he was hanging out of the window while the plane was 23. actually.Activity 3 Read and practise these dialogues. did it? Dina : Yes. : That's too bad. did he? Dina : No. Besides. : You're right. d..

. He wasn't. Give respond to the news. 136 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Mr Anwar was very ill. How very surprising/amazing..What to Say Expressions of Surprise and Amazement More Formal Less Formal • • • • • • • • • • I must say that . Your brother who is an athletic athlete has broken the world record and claimed as the fastest man in the world. Your friend's father has passed away. 1. 5. Well. You read the news about tsunami in Aceh and North Sumatra. I find that very surprising. You heard that one of your friends is invited to Istana Merdeka to meet with the President. We can also use questions tag form to show surprises and express disbelief. You heard that a dinosaur-like fish is found in Indonesian sea. I'm on strike now. You aren't. Express your sympathy. was he? Activity 4 Make dialogues based on the following situations. Express your amazement.. 2. I find it astonishing/extraordinary. Really? My goodness! Are you serious? You're kidding! That's amazing/extraordinary. 3. are you? 2. that's very surprising. 4. surprises me. 1. Act them out with your friends. Tell your classmates about it. Respond to the news appropriately.

2008 Headline News 137 . Pretend you are a news reader.com If you want to get interesting information about anything in Indonesia.Activity 5 Englishclub. 2008 2 14 Ujungkulon Rhinos On Verge Of Extinction Banten: Authorities overseeing Ujung-kulon antional Park plan to expand the rhinoceros enclosure. The Jakarta Post. one of many at the reserve. 2. Taken from The Jakarta Post April 15. just visit www. Adapted from The Jakarta Post January 18. cellular phones. Pay attention to your intonation. December 29. Read the news in front of the class. March 8. is on the verge of extinction. The population of the two horned species stands at less than 60. 1 Thieves Rob Bus Full of Policemen Rio De Janeiro: Four thieves robbed the bus carrying forty six policemen. an official said Saturday. wallets and even the sports uniforms and sneakers. 4. Source: Tempo.com/ english Answer these questions orally. Do you always read newspapers or magazines? What kinds of newspaper or magazine do you read? Do you know what is a headline? Where can you find the headline? Activity 6 Read and study the following news items.indonesiaheadline. 2004. Time. 2003/January 5. as the protected species. 3. 2004 1. November 23-29. The unarmed policemen were on the way to a sport competition. The robbers took their cameras. 2005.

3 Woman Fined for Eating Apple While Driving London: British police spent 10. Sharapova became the first woman to win three titles this season following her success at the Australian open and Qatar open and improved her 2008 win-loss record to 22-1. Example: A : It says here that policemen were robbed by thieves. 2005 4 Sharapova Wins First Claycourt Title Amelia Island. Activity 8 Discuss with your friend and decide the type of the news in Activity 6 . • • • • Sport news Social news Headline news Breaking news : : : : 138 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Adapted from AFP's news in The Jakarta Post January 27. B : Really? I don't believe it. respond to each of the news items in Activity 6 with the expressions of surprise. Taken from The Jakarta Post April 15. 2008 Activity 7 In pairs. Florida: Maria Sharapova captured her first claycourt title when she defeated Slovakia's Dominika Cibukolva 7-6 6-3 in the final of the Amelia Island Championship on Sunday. make a dialogue. Sarah McCaffrey was fined 60 pounds and ordered to pay 100 pounds in legal fees for her infraction starting from December 2003.000 pounds to catch and prosecute a woman driver for eating an apple while driving.

entertainment /entəˈteɪnmənt/ 12. people involved. reporter /rɪˈpɔ:ta/ 9. daily /dɵɪlɪ/ 13.Pronunciation Practice Pronounce the following words related to news item.) 3. Identify its background. 2. Background consists of event elaboration.. newspaper /nju:speɪpə(r)/ 3. 1. Find out the main event of the news. 1... news /nju:z/ 2. Use the following guidance. Find out the information sources. or the authority. They include witnesses. magazine /mægəˈzɪ:n/ 4. and the place where the event happened. Tell your friend about the news starting with the expression: "Did you know there was . bulletin /ˈbʊlətɪn/ 15. newscaster /nju:zkæstə(r)/ 7. 4. headline /hedlaɪn/ 6. Headline News 139 ." (Continue with your own words. television /ˈtelɪvɪʒn/ 5. features /fɪ:tʃər/ Activity 9 Read news in a newspaper or magazine and tell your partner the news item that you have read. weekly /ˈwɪklɪ/ 14. expert opinions. journalist /ˈdʒɜ:nlɪz/ 10. media /ˈmi:dɪə/ 11. article /ˈɑ:tikl/ 8.

Reading In this section. 3. Activity 1 Answer these questions orally. Activities Read a daily newspaper Read a weekly news magazine Listen to news on the radio Watch cable network news Watch news on the TV Read news on the Internet Read news on a school bulletin Name Kind of news 140 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 7. 6. Which do you usually read: newspaper or magazine? Why? 3. 2. Do you have the habit of reading any newspaper or magazine? 2. you will learn how to: • • identify factual information in news item texts. Source: Publisher's Documentation 1. 5. 4. Ask your classmates and fill in the name of those doing the following activities. which one do you prefer to read? Why? Activity 2 v No 1. Of the tree kinds of newspaper/magazine in the pictures. identify the structure of news item texts. What kind of newspaper/magazine do you read? 4. Do you also read English newspaper/magazine? Why? 5.

Activity 3
newsworthy event

Read and study the following text. Pay attention to the structure of news item text. Seven Killed in Accident on Jalan Sultan Seven people were killed in a collision between a bus, a car and a truck at 10:35 p.m. on Jalan Sultan last night. The dead were all passengers in the car. Police believe the car may have been trying to overtake the bus when it was struck by a truck coming from the opposite direction. The driver of the car may not have been using his lights, as the truck driver said he did not see the car approaching. The police said the car should not have been trying to pass the bus, since overtaking is not allowed on Jalan Sultan. In addition, the police reported that the car–a small Japanese car–should not have been carrying more than five people. The names of the victims are not yet known.
Taken from www.thejakartapost.com

background event

source

The structure of news item text is divided into three parts. The first part is newsworthy events that consists of recount of the event in summary form. The second part is background events. This part includes the elaboration of what happened, to whom and in what circumstances. The last part is source that consists of comments by participants, witnesses and authorities experts on the event.

Activity 4

State whether the following statements are true or false based on Activity 3. (T/F) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. The bus must have been travelling too fast. The driver of the car must have been driving dangerously. The driver of the truck may not have been driving carefully. The bus was struck by the truck. The bus and the car were in the same direction. To overtake is forbidden on Jalan Sultan.

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Activity 5

Choose the correct answer to the following questions based on the text.

Source: www.football-wallpapers.com

The soccer star David Beckham and his wife, former Spice Girl Victoria, are going to court to defend their image and marriage. The Beckhams are angry that a British tabloid newspaper printed a story that their "happy marriage" was a lie. The News of the World wrote an article saying the Beckhams are just pretending to be happily married to make more money from their

"Beckham brand". The newspaper said the marriage was really "on the rocks" because of a relationship David had with another woman. He strongly denies this. The newspaper article suggested that the Beckhams' huge income depended on their public image. It said the couple tried to convince the public that their marriage was happy to get more advertising contracts. The article also said David almost had a nervous breakdown because of arguments with his wife. A lawyer for the newspaper commented on the high profile marriage, asking: "Is it unhappy, full of rows and tensions because of David Beckham's infidelity, or is it happy? We say unhappy." The Beckhams, meanwhile, insist they are a happily married couple.
Taken from www.breakingnewsenglish.com

1.

2.

The Beckhams huge income is depended on their …. a. news b. image c. contracts d. marriage e. lifestyle According to the newspaper, the Beckhams marriage was unhappy because of David Beckham's …. a. affair b. income c. profession d. public image e. free kick

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3.

New Horizon
Before the invention of printing machines, people spread news by word of mouth, written letters, or public notices. As more people learned to read and write, news reports gained added reliability. Ancient Rome had a particularly sophisticated system for circulating written news. Its publishing practises centered on acta diurna (daily events)
Source: Microsoft Encarta, 2006

4.

5.

The marriage was really "on the rocks" (Paragraph 1 sentence 4) The phrase "on the rocks" means that the beckhams marriage is in a …. condition. a. bad b. good c. strong d. happy e. strange The Beckhams' huge income (Paragraph 2 sentence 1) The word huge means …. a. large b. high c. wide d. big e. small David almost had a nervous breakdown because of arguments with his wife (Paragraph 2 sentence 3) The word arguments means …. a. fight b. angry c. marriage d. discussion e. exercise

Activity 6

Read the following words taken from text and find the synonyms. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. former court article tensions insist lawyer pretend convince contracts advertise

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Then. our reporter was told: "At least one hidden microphone was found in a room where top scientists meet. The secretary has been working for scientists who have secret information regarding germ warfare. identify the structure of the text. However. A spokesman for the Ministry of Defence said: "A secretary has been watching this person for some weeks. 4. Taken from English Form.Activity 7 Answer the questions by looking through the following news items. 1990 1 2 Secretary Arrested at Ministry of Defence Rumours that a secretary working for the Ministry of Defence has been arrested were confirmed last night. 2. but it is understood that a microphone was found under a piece of furniture in a room where important meetings are held." The exact nature of the charge has not been revealed. 1. Rumours spread like wildfire and employees were instructed not to talk to the press. Do you think a man or a woman has been arrested? Why do you think so? Which ministry has this person been working for? Where was the microphone found? Have the authorities had their suspicions about this person for some time? A Spy at the Ministry! The Ministry of Defence was in turmoil yesterday after it was learnt that a secretary had been arrested and accused of spying. 1990 144 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Do it individually. The discussions held in that room would obviously be of great interest to a foreign power." Taken from English Form. 3. It is believed that this person knows about research work being carried out on germ warfare.

Activity 8

Read the news in Activity 7 once again and answer the following questions. Questions 1 to 3 are based on the first news item. 1. Who had been arrested? 2. What is the person accused of? 3. What was told to the reporter of the news? Questions 4 to 6 are based on the second news item. 4. When was the rumours confirmed. 5. What did the person know? 6. What was found in the meeting room?

Grammar Review
Reported Speech and Direct Speech Study the following sentences. 1. The truck driver said he did not see the car approaching. 2. The truck driver said, "I do not see the car approaching." Sentence number 1 is a reported speech and sentence number 2 is a direct speech. Reported speech is used when we want to report what someone said. The word order is the same as direct speech but we don't use certain punctuation as indirect speech. The tenses in reported speech normally change. Look at the following examples: Direct Speech 1. He said, "I buy a newspaper every day." 2. He said, "I am buying a newspaper." 3. He said, "I have bought a newspaper." 4. He said, "I bought a newspaper." 5. He said, "I will buy a newspaper." 6. He said, "I can buy a newspaper." 7. He said, "I may buy a newspaper." 8. He said, "I must buy a newspaper." 9. He said, "I have to buy a newspaper." 10. He said, "Buy a newspaper."

Your Project
Find an article in a newspaper or magazine. Then identify the direct speeches on it and change them into a reported speeches. Compare your work with your friends.

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Reported Speech 1. He said (that) he bought a newspaper every day. 2. He said he was buying a newspaper. 3. He said he had bought a newspaper. 4. He said he had bought a newspaper. 5. He said he would buy a newspaper. 6. He said he could buy a newspaper. 7. He said he might buy a newspaper. 8. He said he had to buy a newspaper. 9. He said he had to buy a newspaper. 10. He told me to buy a newspaper. Other changes in adverbial of time and place.
Direct Speech • • • • • • • • • • here this now today tonight tomorrow next week yesterday last week two days go • • • • • • • • • • Reported Speech there that then that day that night the following day/ the next day the following week the day before/the previous day the week before/the previous week two days before

Activity 9

Change the following sentences into direct speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Hamdan asked me to participate in school workshop. Nia wanted me to return her books that I borrowed. Mr Ardi ordered me not to forget submitting my assignment. Alya said she going to watch a new movie tomorrow. Mrs Zakia told me to meet her in the office.

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Activity 10

Change the following sentences into reported speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Father said, "Open the window." Ms Anissa said, "Don't forget to do your homework." Prasti said, "I'm going to go on a vacation to Medan." Mr. Siregar said, "I want you to help me delivering some books." Bondan said, "I'm happy for you, Renita." Retno said, "You should read the news." Anita asked, "Have you read today headline news?" "I'm will be a freelance reporter," said Andri. Kania said, "I will write an article to the local newspaper." Deni asked, "What is the hot celebrity gossip today."

Activity 11

Read this news and identify the direct speeches. Then change them into reported speech.

Government Reduces Freeport's Output Jakarta: Freeport-Mc-MoRan Copper & Gold Inc., the world's second-largest copper producer, had its maximum ore production permit in Indonesia cut 26 percent on environmental concerns. "The government only approves a Freeport ore output this year of 220,000 tons a day to reduce the impact on the environment," Witoro S. Soelarno, head of mine inspection at the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry, said. The previous limit was 300,000 tons a day, he said. Phoenix-based Freeport produced on average 229,000 tons of copper and gold ore a day from its Grasberg mine in 2006. Freeport's copper ore output in the fourth quarter of 2007 fell to 926 million of recoverable pounds from 1,044 million of recoverable pounds a year earlier, the company said on its Web site. Gold output in the quarter dropped to 186,000 of recoverable ounces from 544,000 of recoverable ounces, it said. — Bloomberg
Taken from The Jakarta Post, April 15 , 2008

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simple and catchy. 148 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 3 What short of news do you like to read? Do you usually read news headlines? What other parts of a newspaper do you know? Activity 2 Complete the following sentences using the appropriate words given in the box. The … of the newspaper is usually short. 2. If the newspaper talks about more than one event. This is soon encourage readers to read the newspaper report. you will learn how to: • • develop paragraph of a news item text. The … usually answers the questions ‘who'. what.Writing In this section. Source: Microsoft Encarta. • • • • headline caption the events introductory paragraph • • • • date quotes photograph ending statement 1. 2. when and where. the most recent event is reported in this paragraph. write news item text. Activity 1 Answer the following questions orally. 2008 1.

They are the survivors of one of the biggest cases of great ape smuggling ever detected. is an impressive lineup ready to greet fans in Jakarta. Jamu: from Generation to Generation Kick-boxing Orangutans Return to Jungle Epicenter of Diversity Found Jazz Forecast All Weekend. there is a … that shows who or what the newspaper report is about.my-indonesia. there 1 It takes an enormous amount of strength and concentration to be able to throw the crown around and to make the peacock feathers wave. 6. The … tells us when the newspaper report appeared in the newspapers. A news paper report may contain … that are comments made by people involved in the event. Sometimes. 2 5 They urged more protection for seas 3 around the Bird's Head peninsula at the western end of New Guinea Island from threats including mining and dynamite fishing that can smash coral reefs. 5. 8. There is a series of short paragraphs that provides the details of … 4. several new recipes have been added and old ones revised. Source: www. Don't forget Your Umbrella Reog Dance: Battle between Man and Beast 4 In addition to Marina and Coco.3. The newspaper report may end with an … or comment on the events reported. The secret of preparation has been passed on from generation to generation by word of mouth.info Headline News 149 . Activity 3 Work in pairs and match the following headline to the appropriate news. Along the way. The photograph in a newspaper is usually accompanied by a … 7.

This will give kerosene subsidies by between Rp300 billion to Rp250 billion based on the assumption that the subsidy is between Rp3000 and Rp5000 per liter. According to him.Activity 4 Capitalise and punctuate the following news items. Additional supply. kerosene extra supply. According to him. The worst shortages are in Medan and jakarta. said faisal will be done throughout the nation except in balikpapan and sulawesi.com 150 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . the extra kerosene is around 100000 kiloliter up to the end of year. especially Cempaka putih and Tomang. the additional kerosene supply is being carried out starting today until the end of year pertamina's director of marketing and commerce ahmad faisal said vice president jusuf kalla ordered that the kerosene supply is being added in order to meet the people's need. has not yet been discussed with the House The important thing is. pertamina Adds To kerosene supply TEMPO Interactive. there was a kerosene demand hike. The kerosene stock is still enough for 29 days What we do is only to limit sales volume. meet the people's demand he said. pertamina estimated a declining trend of kerosene consumption. after the fasting month. Source: www. however.tempointeraktif. the kerosene shortage occurred due to the decrease of the quota allocation in the State Budget from 10 million kiloliter to 9. Do it individually. he said. he said. pertamina cooperates with the Agency for Oil and natural gas and the police. the extra supply is only for subsidized and household kerosene faisal said the additional kerosene will normalize distribution in two or three days. he said after the coordination meeting on the kerosene shortage in the Vice President's palace yesterday. faisal argued that it is said the kerosene shortage is because pertamina is in a stock deficit. To prevent abuse. "because.9 million kiloliter. in those areas there is no kerosene shortage. Jakarta: the government asked pt Pertamina to add to the kerosene supply in several areas in indonesia. At first. he said.

Source: Kompas. 1. 2008 Source: Tempo. 6. etc) technology education. January 23. The hotel manager. last night. Mr Iwan Sugiarto. but all the other guests escaped safely. said the fire had started in a guest bedroom. The guest was badly injured in the fire. Most of the 74 guests had already gone to bed when the fire started on the third floor. 2. etc Headline News 151 . Source: www. 5.000 worth of damage to the hotel. groups. Then find a related news report in a newspaper or magazine based on the pictures. 2007 Activity 7 Write a news report for your bulletin board at your school. You can choose one of the following topics.com Activity 6 Look at the following pictures. sport events outdoors activities extracurricular activities gathering (class. 3. 4. debate. Rewrite them in your workbook. Then present it to the class.m. 7. By the time the fire department arrived.Activity 5 Work in groups and rewrite the following news report in your own words. May. etc) contest (speech. Mr Sugiarto said the fire had caused over US$70. Pay attention to the text structure of news item text. A guest had fallen asleep while smoking a cigarette.tempointeraktif. Fire in City Hotel There was a fire at the Plaza Hotel on Jalan Ciomas at 1:30 a. the fire had spread to the 4th and 5th floors of the hotel.

consult your teacher or discuss with your friends 152 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . and amazement. answer the questions: 1. respond to surprise. express surprise. perform a monologue of news item texts. 6. write news item texts.Newsworthy event (s) : recounts the event in summary form. . respond to news item texts. witnesses to and authorities expert on the event. Generic structure . Now. 5. identify factual information in news item texts. you are expected to be able to: 1. 3. to whom. What will you say when you feel surprised? 2. What should be included in a news item text? If you find some difficulties. 4.Chapter Summary 1. 2.Back ground Events : elaborate what happened. in what curriculum stances.Sources : Comments. and amazement. Learning Reflection After learning the lesson in this chapter. by participants. : to inform readers. How do you respond when you hear an amazing news? 3. listeners or viewers about events of the day which are considered news worthy or important. . Language Functions Expressions of surprise and amazement • Really? • Good heavens! • Are you serious? • What a surprise! Genre News item Social Function 2.

A mount eruption. 153 . b. Questions 6-7 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. Of course. No. 8. What a surprise! It's nothing. Thanks. 10. c. c. It keeps the body big. c. 9. What was the effect of the natural disaster to people travelling from Sungai Penuh to Jambi and vice versa? a. The travelling cost to Jambi became cheaper.Review 2 7. Thank you. a. Well done. a. b. It keeps the body healthy. Questions 8-12 are based on the listening text you are going to hear. 5. Incessant rain. b. There was no effect to the travelling cost. Fantastic. It keeps the body strong and healthy. a. d. What was the cause of the disaster according to a staff of local transportation office in Sungai Penuh? a. a. Of course. d. Rock. 4. c. Milk contains all nutrients needed by people. d. d. Yeah. Milk contains nothing. What hit a village in Kerinci Regency? a. You are going to listen to some short dialogues. c. I don’t think I can make it. b. d. Milk contains nearly all the nutrients needed by people. Of course. Milk contains half of nutrients needed by people. 1. You must be kidding. Are you kidding? No. 3. b. A landslide. b. The travelling cost doubled. b. b. c. b. d. d. I’m sorry to hear that. Thank you. Questions 1–5 are based on the dialogues you are going to hear. You’re joking. c. Which one is the correct statement according to the text? a. It keeps the body strong. yeah. An earthquake. Dirt. thank you. b. Oh. d. The travelling cost was still the same. 6. c. 2. d. c. Listening Listen carefully to your teacher to answer the questions. A. a. Tsunami. thank you. d. c. A tidal wave. What does milk do to the body? a. Not at all.

11. How long did it take to travel along Jambi-Kerinci route? a. Fifteen hours. b. Ffty hours. c. Five hours. d. Ten hours.

12. When was the traffic expected to return to normal? a. On Tuesday. b. On Friday. c. On Thursday. d. On Saturday.

B. Reading Choose the best answer to the following questions. Questions 13-20 are based on the following text. Elephants, Dog and Mice I have never known a dog and an elephant make friends. Elephants will eventually become accustomed to certain dogs in camps, and dogs learn not to bark at them and always to keep out of reach of the slash of a trunk or the kick of a leg. The hatred of elephants for dogs cannot easily be explained. It is possible that they are afraid of dogs biting their trunks, though I do not think such a thing ever happened. It has occurred to me that it might be an instinctive dread of hydrophobia, which is the dread of everyone who keeps a dog in camp, Burman and European Assistant alike. Nevertheless practically every European Assistant keeps a dog and I have almost always had one myself. The elephants hate them and one is always losing one's dog, owing to leopard, tiger, bear and snakes. The tragedies of lost dogs are often an Assistant's first experience of real grief. It is easy to ask, why, under such conditions, do you keep a dog? But I know of no other existence where a dog is so necessary as a companion to share every moment of one's life and to drive away loneliness. So far as I know, elephants don't worry about snakes, though the 'oozies' (drivers) believe that a number of elephants calves die of snake-bite. I have had this reported to me many times but in no instance could I find any proof. The Burmans believe that the hairs of an elephant's tail pull out very easily after it has been bitten by a snake. But, as this has also to be proved, I was never able to accept it as conclusive evidence that an elephant had been killed by snake-bite. There is a widespread belief that an elephant is really terrified of a mouse. The idea makes an obvious appeal to the human love of paradox. But, if it is true, I can see no reason

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for it. It certainly cannot be because the elephant is afraid of the mouse getting inside his trunk, since, with one snort, he could eject it like a cork

from a popgun. However, most fears are imaginary and there is no reason why elephants should be immune from such terrors.
Taken from www.aesopfables,com

13. Which of the following, according to the writer, is true about dogs and elephants? a. Sometimes they make friends. b. Elephants like dogs in camp. c. Elephants are afraid of being bitten by a dog. d. The hatred of elephants for dogs cannot be explained at all. 14. It has occurred to me that it might be an instinctive dread of hydrophobia. Hydrophobia . a. is a disease of dogs b. means being afraid of dogs c. is something only the Burmese are afraid of d. is a disease dogs usually catch from humans 15. Why is one always losing one's dog? a. They go off with other animals. b. They chase other animals and get lost. c. They are killed by other animals. d. The elephants frighten them away. 16. Why do Assistants keep dogs? a. The dogs can stand the difficult conditions. b. They need dogs to protect them. c. The Assistants are lonely. d. The dogs are necessary to accompany elephants.

17. What proof is there, according to the writer, that elephants die of snakebite? a. Baby elephants die of it. b. None. c. The tail hairs of a bitten elephant come out very easily. d. There have been many reports of this happening. 18. Which of the following would you say was true? a. Snakes never bite elephants. b. Snakes only bite baby elephants. c. Snakes may bite elephants. d. None of the above. 19. What is the human love of paradox? a. A love of ideas that seem to contradict each other. b. A love of argument. c. A love of small creatures that frighten large ones. d. A love of strangeness. 20. According to what the writer says of elephants and mice, which of the following is correct? a. Elephants are afraid of mice. b. Elephants may be afraid of mice. c. Elephants are immune from the terrors of mice. d. Elephants are never afraid of mice.

Review 2

155

Questions 21-28 are based on the following text. Tornado Wreaks Havoc in Semarang Residents assessed the damage after a tornado damaged 150 houses in the district of Tembalang in Semarang, Central Java late on Saturday afternoon. Three people were injured and at least five of the houses in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods were destroyed, while many others were seriously damaged as the tornado ripped off their roofs. Tohirin aka Jayeng, 40, a resident whose house was levelled at the Sendang Asri housing complex, said the winds hit about 4 p.m. "I saw this black wind coming and becoming pointed into a funnel. It suddenly approached and hit my house," he said. Tohirin's wife, two children and mother-in law were in the kitchen at the time when the tornado known locally as "Ulur-ulur" passed over their home, destroying the guest and bedrooms. "It was as if the wind had lifted my home up," Tohirin said. The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. Many other homes in the area lost their roofs and residents and neighbours had started rebuilding on Sunday. Tembalang district head Dayat said the tornado also damaged a small mosque and felled power lines and about 50 trees. His office was still collecting data on the damage, he said. Villagers said the tornado was the worst to hit the district in living memory. Semarang Mayor Sukawi Sutarip and his wife, Sinto Sukawi, visited the scene on Sunday, accompanied by senior officials. "We will provide the victims with assistance immediately," the mayoral spokesman Achyani said.
Taken from The Jakarta Post, December 20, 2004

21. When did the tornado hit the district of Tembalang in semarang? a. b. c. On December 17, 2004. On December 18, 2004. On December 19, 2004.

a. b. c.

Less than five houses. More than five houses. Five houses. .

d. Three houses. 23. The tornado hit the district a. b. c. in the morning in the afternoon in the evening

d. On December 20, 2004. 22. How many houses were destroyed by the tornado in the Sendangguwo and Tandang neighbourhoods?

d. at midnight

156

Developing English Competencies for Grade X

28.24. The guest and bedrooms. 27. The disaster also destroyed the walls of four neighbouring houses. d. It is very important that students have good reading comprehension. The bedrooms. 25. Questions 29-38 are based on the following text. Who is Sukawi Sutarip? a. Children learn what is important through their school year. students who develop skill in two or more languages will find further studies easier. Sukawi Sutarip. b. The question then becomes what should parents consider in choosing the best education for their children? When should the process begin? The answer is. his wife and senior officials. c. from the time of birth. A villager of Sendangguwo. The mayor of Semarang. c. Their goal is to send their children to good schools as well as to choose extracurricular activities that improve their children's skills and abilities. Achyani. A resident of the District of Tembalang. The residents. Parents need to look for a school that will be a "second home" for their children. c. writing and speaking skills. A joint effort between parents. The residents and neighbours. the schools become part of the process. c. The Tembalang District head. a. however. Success will be based on how well the "team" works. fortune whirlwind storm d. Sukawi Sutarip. The mayor of Semarang. This is when parents pick a school that parallel their educational beliefs. The guest rooms. and the schools is established. These are some important factors that should be considered. Who rebuilt the damaged homes? a. d. c. b. Who went to see the scene of disaster on Sunday? a. Dayat. Which parts of Tohirin's house were destroyed? a. Tohirin's neighbour. b. students. d. b. The synonym of the italicised word is . English is considered Review 2 157 . In today's world. d. Preparing the Children Today for Tomorrow Parents strive to have their children academically competitive. calamity 26. The kitchen. when children begin preschools and kindergarten. b.

What should the teacher do to activate the language acquisition? 158 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . What language should you study if you want to continue your study in Europe? 34. 29. In what age should the children study a second language? 36. Success will be based on how well the "team" work. French and German are necessary for many students are now looking at opportunities in Europe. What is meant by the "team"? 32. When a child learn two languages in parallel. Therefore. What should we do if a dual language programme isn't available at school? 37. However one cannot develop a second language unless one develops his or her first language. the less problem a child will have with improper word use. parents may need to look at different ways to get the needed language instruction. or is too expensive. What is the meaning of "second home"? 33. If a dual language programmes isn't available. What is the advantage of dual language programme? 38. Studies show that children between the ages of two and six best acquire a second language parallel to their own. When do children start the process of learning? 31. Students who develop more than one language have an advantage over competitors applying for college place ment. 2007 Answer the following questions based on the text above. Taken from The Jakarta Post. The earlier a second language is learned. Mandarin is becoming more important as China begins to move into world economy. A good school will begin with oral language at the earliest opportunity to develop speaking confi dence and to set grammatical structures. starting students in school offering dual language instruction programmes have an advantage. A school is considered to be a "second home" for the children. The more active in each language students become the more proficient and confident they will be. Language acquisition needs to be active. Why do parents tend to send their children to good schools? 30. vocabulary and grammatical structures are easier to acquire. Why is Mandarin important? 35.the business language of today and is important for students who plan to attend university in English speaking countries.

The teacher gave the students a new book. Change the following sentences into reported speech and vice versa. those or these to complete the sentences. They must never leave their own residential areas or neighbourhoods. B : I'd love to. Put this. after or nor to connect the sentences below. that. Yeah. The national museum is visited by the students. I sleep in the class sleepy. Review 2 159 . who else can children rely on to protect them. before. A : Congratulations on your success of getting a scholarship. I have to inform you. 41. "I don't know anything about the robbery. (said while showing the shoes he wears) Complete the following sentences with appropriate expressions. 45. 47. Change the following sentences into passive voice and vice versa 39.C. My uncle has had an accident. I'm really I work in the 48. 43. or or so to connect the sentences below." 42. The man said (that) he had been sleeping when the storm had come. He buys a ruler on the way home. . 50. as anybody could kidnap their children anywhere. A : . In the end. 46. ! B 51. anytime. Alarm bells are ringing for parents to be alert. Writing Do the following tasks based on the instructions. Use for. . Use and. 49. 54. A B 53. She said. A B : : : : : : : 44. We suggest that police start to develop a new approach to dealing with abductions and better protection of our children. A B 52. What's the matter? Britney Spears will marry me. he looses it Here are the parts of news items from The Jakarta Post. I know her same place with her. Just pick me up at seven. books are mine. please. Match them with their headlines. She plans to go to a movie it's raining. but. 40. (said while pointing out the books on the table) pair of shoes is broken.

The Headlines a. b. has caused the Awash river to overflow its banks. sweeping away hundreds of animals and destroying a large number of properties in Gewani area of Northeast Ethiopia. c. Sadistic Kidnappers 160 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 56.55. A man begging at a mosque in Yemen was exposed as not being destitute as he pretended when his mobile started ringing inopportunely.000 People Protecting Our Children Mobile Phone Gives Away Beggar My Mother Has Cancer d. e. We pray hard. the gang members claimed that they had experience in abducting and killing children particularly in Jakarta. 58. Floods Displace More than 7. Take her home and make her happy. The Yemen news agency said the embarrassed man beat a quick retreat after worshippers found his phone ringing inside the bag. Bogor and Tangerang. According to the parents of the victim. Spare us cliches like the God-awful one that a doctor gave me recently–after she collapsed and had to be taken to the emergency unit. 57. We laugh hard. As if that had not been our intention all along. We work hard. Torrential rain since August 19. Her illness is now at an advanced stage.

Farida J and Beatrice ThiyagaRajah. Kirn. 2003. al. Achmad et. Doddy. 1999. Singapore: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. English Form 3. English Form 4. Root Christine. Second Edition. New Jersey: Primedia Reference.G. Blundell. 2002. New Horizons in English 4: Second Edition. Comber. 2002. 2000. Monteiro. Harris. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. Irene-Anne and Jenny Watson. Intermediate Stories for Reproduction. Ready to Write. Elaine (ed. Bandung: Grafindo Media Pratama. London: Oxford University Press. Jakarta: Pustaka Ilmu. Hill. L.Bibliography Books Alexander. 161 . Michael et al. 2003. 1990. Andrew and Diana Hicks. 2000. A. 1988. L. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. English for SMA Volume 2. Tan Soon et al. Function in English. Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. Favourite Stories from Taiwan. 1990. Elaine and Darcy Jack. Leon and Charles Shuttleworth. Standar Isi. New York: Pearson Education. Interactions I: A Communicative Grammar. Interactions Access: Reading/ Writing. Hartmann. Opportunities Elementary. 2003. Favourite Stories from Singapore. Hock. Ibrahim. New York: McGraw-Hill/Contemporary. 2000. 1990. The World Almanac for Kids 2000. Selangor: Pelanduk Publication. Pamela and James Mentel. 1994. Selangor: Mutiara Cemerlang. Singapore: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. Practice and Progress: An Integrated Course for Pre-Intermediate Students. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited. Yogyakarta: Kanisius. Lars and Michael Walker.). Jon et al. 1981. Israel. Little John. Cambridge English for School. 2006. Balanchard Karen. Mellgren.

files. New York: McGraw-Hill/Contemporary. 2008 Periodicals Publishers Weekly.info http://www.com http://www. 2007.org http://www.com http://www. 2004 The Jakarta Post.wordpress. London: Brown Watson Publishing CD-ROM Encyclopaedia Britannica. Singapore: Oxford University Press. Streetwise: Intermediate Student's Book. 2006. December 29. 2002. 366 and More Fairy Tales. 2008 Websites http://www. Readings to Remember. Inc. 2005 The Jakarta Post. 1983.com http://www. January 18. 2005. Writing Academic English: A Writing and Sentence Structure Workbook for International Students. World Book. Tanka. Alice and Ann Hogue. Fourth Edition. Judith et al.short-stories.breakingnewsenglish.com 162 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Oshima.masham3d. 2004.wikipedia.joglosemar. Solomon (ed. 1997. Reading. The World Book Encyclopedia.com http://www.aesopfables. 1993.indonesiaheadline.com http://www. Schlakman.thejakartapost.canauthorsniagara. New York: Macmillan.Nolasco. May 10.grimmfairytales.photobucket.ac http://www. May 2. The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2008 The Jakarta Post. London: Oxford University Press.com http://www. March 8. Interactions 1: Listening/Speaking.co.my-indonesia. 2004. Swan. London: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. Brown. 2007 Deluxe Edition Microsoft Encarta Reference Library.express. Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. 2004 The Jakarta Post January 27. 2005 Time. Michael.unitechnology.uk http://www. Rob.about. Oxford: Oxford University Press.com/english http://www. Practical English Usage.write. Watson.).com http://www. Inc. April 15. USA: World Book.com http://www.english. 2006 The Jakarta Post.org http://www.

The Jakarta Post. 2004 Kancil and Cucumber. 2000 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2006 Cambridge for Schools.Photo Credits Chapter 1 page 1 page 2 Chapter 2 page 25 page 37 page 38 page 49 Chapter 3 page 51 page 52 page 56 page 57 Chapter 4 page 79 page 83 page 85 Chapter 5 page 103 page 105 page 106 page 110 page 112 page 114 page 124 page 126 page 127 Chapter 6 page 129 page 134 page 137 page page page page 140 142 148 151 Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation Publishers Weekly. 2004. 2008 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 1999 Publisher's Documentation 366 and More Fairy Tales. 2006 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2006 www.com Earthquakes.football-walpapers. 2008 Kompas January. March 8. 2002 Microsoft Encarta. 2006 Microsoft Encarta. Time. 2006 The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 1992 Tempo. May 10. 23. 2008 Tempo Kompas.com Microsoft Encarta. May 10. 2005. 2007 Bibliography 163 . December 29. 1994 Publisher's Documentation CD Images Childcraft: Make and Do. 1996 The Almanac for Kids 2000. November 23-29.photobucket. 1997 Publisher's Documentation Publisher's Documentation ML calendar catalogue. 2003 Publisher's Documentation www. May. 2004 Publishers Weekly.

and plantigrade feet and feed largely on fruit and insects as well as on flesh bear /beə/ (v): to put up with especially without giving way (couldn't bear the pain) blacksmith /'blækˌsmɪɵ/(n): a smith who forges iron blossom /'blɒsəm/ (n): the state of bearing flowers broil /brɔɪl/ (v): to cook by direct exposure to radiant heat: grill cartoon /kɑ:'tu:n/ (n): 1: a drawing intended as satire. relating to. relating to. or being a radiotelephone system in which a geographical area (as a city) is divided into small sections each served by a transmitter of limited range so that any available radio channel can be used in different parts of the area simultaneously character /'kærəktə/ (n): one of the attributes or features that make up and distinguish an individual chemical /'kemɪkl/ (adj): of. or produced by chemistry chop /tʃɒp/ (v): to cut into pieces claim /kleɪm/ (v): to assert in the face of possible contradiction clot /klɒt/ (v): to undergo a sequence of complex chemical and physical reactions that results in conversion of fluid blood into a coagulated mass: coagulate clutch /klʌtʃ/ (n): a coupling used to connect and disconnect a driving and a driven part of a mechanism collapse /kə'læps/ (v): to break down completely collision /kə'liʒn/ (n): an act or instance of colliding: clash completion /kəm'plɪ:ʃn/ (n): the act or process of completing complication /ˌkɒmplə'keɪʃn/ (n): complexity. caricature.Glossary accelerator /əkˈseləˈreɪtə / (n): a device (as a pedal) for controlling the speed of a motor vehicle engine appetite/ˈæpətaɪt/ (n): any of the instinctive desires necessary to keep up organic life. especially the desire to eat appointment /əpɔɪnmənt/ (n): an arrangement for a meeting approach /əˈprəʊtʃ/ (v): to come very near to armour /ˈɑ:rmər/ (n): defensive covering for the body. rudimentary tails. or humour 2: comic strip cellular /'seljʊlə/ (adj): of. specifically: government bake /beɪk/ (v): 1: to cook (as food) by dry heat especially in an oven 2: to dry or harden by subjecting to heat barrier /ˈbærɪə/ (n): something material that blocks or is intended to block passage bear /beə/ (n): any of a family (Ursidae of the order Carnivora) of large heavy mammals of America and Eurasia that have long shaggy hair. especially: covering (as of metal) used in combat authority /ɔ:ɵɒrɪti/ (n): persons in command. intricacy. used in. especially: a situation or a detail of character complicating the main thread of a plot compound /'kɒmpaʊnd/ (n): something formed by a union of elements or parts content /kæ'ntent/ (adj): satisfy convert /'kən'vɜ:t/ (v): to change from one form or function to another cottage /'kɒtɪdʒ/ (n): a usually small frame one-family house 164 Developing English Competencies for Grade X .

loss. isolate dangerous /'deɪndʒərəs/ (adj): exposing to or involving danger decline /dɪ'klaɪn/ (v): to tend toward an inferior state or weaker condition defence /dɪ'fens/ (n): the act or action of defending deficiency /dɪ'fɪʃənsi/ (adj): the quality or state of being deficient: inadequacy deposit /dɪ'pɒzət/ (v): to place especially for safe keeping or as a pledge deserve /dɪ'zɜ:v/ (v): to be worthy of: merit devastation /ˌdevə'steɪʃn/ (n) desolation by violent action dig /dɪg/ (v): to hollow out or form by removing earth: excavate direction /dɪ'rekʃn/ (n): the line or course on which something is moving or is aimed to move or along which something is pointing or facing disaster /dɪ'zɑ:stə/ (n): a sudden calamitous event bringing great damage. or normality cut off /kʌt ɒf/ (v): separate. meeting glimpse /glɪmps/ (n): a fleeting view or look gloomy /'glu:mi/ (adj): lacking in promise or hopefulness: pessimistic gore /gɔ:/ (v): to pierce or wound with something pointed (as a horn or knife) grain /greɪn/ (n): the seeds or fruits of various food plants including the cereal grasses and in commercial and statutory usage other plants headline /'hedlaɪn/ (n): 1: a head of a newspaper story or article usually printed in large type and giving the gist of the story or article that follows 2: plural: front-page news heavy /'hevi/ (n): having great weight honest /'ɑnɪst/ (adj): free from fraud or deception: legitimate. and placeless tale circulated orally among a people furious /'fjʊəriəs/ (adj): exhibiting or goaded by anger gathering /'gæðəriŋ/ (n): assembly. especially: to increase or improve in value. malady enhance /ɪn'hɑ:ns/ (v): heighten. soundness. truthful horn /hɔ:n/ (n): a usually electrical device that makes a noise Glossary 165 . quality. increase.countryside /'kʌntrisaɪd/ (n): a rural area couple /'kʌpl/ (n): two persons paired together crash /kræʃ/ (n): a breaking to pieces by or as if by collision crash /kræʃ/ (v): to break violently and noisily: smash cope with /kəʊp wɪð/ (v): to deal with and attempt to overcome problems and difficulties crown prince /kraʊn prɪns/ (n): a male heir apparent to a crown or throne cubic /'kju:bɪk/ (n): the regular solid of six equal square sides curb /kɜ:b/ (v): to check or control with or as if with a curb cure /kjʊə/ (v): to restore to health. or attractiveness erupt /ɪ'rʌpt/ (v): to force out or release suddenly and often violently something (as lava or steam) that is pent up excellent /'eksələnt/ (adj): very good of its kind: eminently good: first-class folk tale /fəʊk 'teil/ (n): a characteristically anonymous. broadly disease /dɪ'zɪ:z/ (n): a condition of the living animal or plant body or of one of its parts that impairs normal functioning: sickness. desirability. timeless. or destruction.

especially: one popularly regardedas historical although not verifiable librarian /laɪ'breəriən/ (n): a specialist in the care or management of a library liquid /'lɪkwɪd/ (n): a fluid (as water) that has no independent shape but has a definite volume and does not expand indefinitely and that is only slightly compressible loyalty /'lɔɪəlti/ (n): the quality or state or an instance of being loyal lug nut /lu:ʒ nʌt/ (n): a nut used to secure a wheel on an automotive vehicle magnificent /mæg'nɪfɪsənt/ (adj): impressive to the mind or spirit mash /mæʃ/ (v): to subject (as crushed malt) to the action of water with heating and stirring in preparing wort massive /'mæsɪv/ (adj): bulky meal /mi:l/ (n): an act or the time of eating a portion of food to satisfy appetite melt /melt/ (v): to reduce from a solid to a liquid state usually by heat merchant /'mɜ:tʃənt/ (n): a buyer and seller of commodities for profit: trader narrative /'nærətɪv/ (n): something that is narrated: story network /'netwɜ:k/ (n): an interconnected or interrelated chain. specifically: the sum of the processes by which an animal or plant takes in and utilizes food substances opposite /'ɒpəzɪt/ (adj): set over against something that is at the other end or side of an intervening line or space orientation /ˌɔ:rɪən'teɪʃn/ (n): the act or process of orienting or of being oriented outlook /'aʊtlʊk/ (n): point of view outstanding /'aʊt'stændiŋ/ (n): marked by eminence and distinction oxidation /ˌɒksɪ'deɪʃn/ (n): the act or process of oxidizing parsley /'pɑ:sli/ (n): a European biennial herb (Petroselinum crispum) of the carrot family that is widely cultivated for its leaves which are used as a culinary herb or garnish 166 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . an unusual rise of water along shore due to strong winds legend /'ledʒənd/ (n): a story coming down from the past.horrible /'hɒrɪbəl/ (adj): extremely unpleasant or disagreeable huge /hju:dʒ/ (adj): very large or extensive improve /ɪm'pru:v/ (v): to enhance in value or quality: make better incidence /'ɪnsɪdəns/ (n): occurrence interest /'ɪntrɪst/ (n): a feeling that accompanies or causes special attention to an object or class of objects: concern intestinal /ɪn'testɪnl/ (n): affecting. especially: objects of precious metal often set with gems and worn for personal adornment kidnap /'kɪdnæp/ (v): to seize and detain or carry away by unlawful force or fraud and often with a demand for ransom sually high sea wave that sometimes follows an earthquake. group. or living in the intestine invite /ɪn'vaɪt/ (v): to request the presence or participation of jack /dʒæk/ (n): something that supports or holds in position jewellery /dʒu:əlri/ (n): jewels. or system news /nju:z/ (n): a report of recent events nowhere /'nəʊweə/ (adv): not in or at any place nutrition /nju:'triʃn/ (n): the act or process of nourishing or being nourished. occurring.

or secure by inserting a plug procedure /'prə'sidʒə/ (n): 1: a particular way of accomplishing something or of acting b: a step in a procedure 2: series of steps followed in a regular definite order quarrel /'kwɒrəl/ (n): a usually verbal conflict between antagonists: altercation question /'kwestʃən/ (v): to interrogate intensively: cross-examine recipe /'resɪpi/ (n): a set of instructions for making something from various ingredients recount /'rɪ:kaʊnt/ (n): a second or fresh count requirement /rɪ'kwaɪəmənt/ (n): something wanted or needed: necessity reward /rɪ'wɔ:d/ (n): something that is given in return for good or evil done or received and especially that is offered or given for some service or attainment rumour /'ru:mə/ (n): talk or opinion widely disseminated with no discernible source sandwiches /'sænwɪdʒɪz/ (n): two or more slices of bread or a split roll having a filling in between b: one slice of bread covered with food scenery /'sə:nəri/ (n): a picturesque view or landscape science-fiction /'saɪənsfikʃn/ (n): fiction dealing principally with the impact of actual or imagined science on society or individuals or having a scientific factor as an essential orienting component shelter /'ʃeltə/ (n): something that covers or affords protection shrimp /ʃrɪmp/ (n): any of numerous mostly small and marine decapod crustaceans (suborders Dendrobranchiata and Pleocye-mata) having a slender elongated body. wish wolf /wʊlf/ (n): any of various large predatory canids (genus Canis) that live and hunt in packs and resemble the related dogs wrap /ræp/ (v): to cover especially by winding or folding Glossary 167 .pasta /'pæstə/ (n): a dish of cooked pasta peel /pi:l/ (v): to strip off an outer layer of plug /plʌg/ (v): to stop. especially: rumour wildfire /'waɪldfaɪə/ (n): very rapidly will /wɪl/ (n): desire. make tight. a building or area for showing motion pictures thief /ɵi:f/ (n): one that steals especially stealthily or secretly. a compressed abdomen. treasure /'treʒə/ (n): wealth (as money. or precious metals) stored up or hoarded useless /'ju:sləs/ (adj): having or being of no use: victim /'vɪktɪm/ (n): one that is injured. jewels. destroyed. or sacrificed under any of various conditions village /'vɪlidʒ/ (n): a settlement usually larger than a hamlet and smaller than a town wealth /welɵ/ (n): all property that has a money value or an exchangeable value whisper /'wɪspə/ (v): something communicated by or as if by whispering. and a long spiny rostrum tape /teɪp/ (n): a narrow flexible strip or band: as a: adhesive tape b: magnetic tape terrific /tə'rɪfɪk/ (adj): extraordinary theatre /ɵɪətə/ (n): a building for dramatic performances.

81. 158 introduce 3. 134. 178 invitation 53. 26. 30. 125 direct speech 145. 22. 15. 138. Lars and Michael Walker 13. 153. 82. 50. 100. 170 headline 82. 174. 31. 89. 135. 28. 78. 174 congratulate 79. 104. 152 O orientation 15. Michael 92 Little John. 16. 8. 4. 159 S story 75. 102. 128. 177. 79. 94. L. 91. 93. 165. 117. 31. 162. 41 Watson. 4. 112. 179 G gratitude 75. 184 L legend 36. 148. 102. 122. 115. 83. 80. 66. 166 N narrative 14. 37. 122. 152. 170. 24. 81. 16 Balanchard Karen. 91. 50. 171. 139. 63. 41. 100. 131. 166. Root Christine 14 Alexander. 7. 172. 8. 166 news item 151. 125 descriptive 107. 3. 179. 10 H happiness 25. 151 Index of Author Molgana. 34 appointment 54. 43. 129. 132. 136. 73 R recipe 66. 101. 135. 3.G 17 Thurber James 30 Leon and Charles Shuttleworth 39. 174 procedure 57. 169. 61 C character 13. 98. 80. 116. 29. T text structure 15. 41. 141. 145. 98. 3. 60. 59. 147. 177. 71. Andrew and Diana Hicks 110 168 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . 134. 37. 70. 75. 86 D description 106. 130. 82. 184. 93. 165. 102 compliment 78. 107. 109. 103. 84. 4. 50. 181 surprise 53. 25. 167 reported speech 145. 74. 80. 9. 117. 164 complication 41. 152 F fable 37. 137. 92. 90. Solomon 89 Effendi 90 Harris. 99. 171. 9. 135. Agus 11 Mellgren. 184 greeting 2. 8. 112. 4. 67. 85. 46. 129. 40. 101. 140. 84. 108. 142. 72. 184 I instruction 2. 96. 10. 149. 94. 10 passive voice 96. 143. 24. 148. 85. 147. 101. 166 P parting 2. 99. 98. 78. 102. 139. 167 recount 141. 68. 115. 101. 10. 55. 175. 31. 85. 33. 27. 142. 169. 173. 116. 26.Index Index of Subject A affection 28. 159 pleasure 81. 40. 97. 82. 88. 42. 9. 111. 130. Brown 83 Schlakman. 146 E events 11. 176 sympathy 78.

Santi. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fany. so you like cooking? I like cooking too. I must go now. Dian : Nice to meet you too. right? I saw your name in the students' list of my class. Mirna : What else did you do there? Toni : The next morning I visited another small island around Bali on a boat. I swam and surfed on the beach. Anyway. Rian : Yeah. Lina. Santi : Hi. See you later. Mirna. Activity 8 Mirna : Hi. Wina. Santi : Hi. it's nice to hear your story. By the way. Mirna : Anyway. See you later. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. I hope that I can also visit Bali someday. Fany : That's O. Rian : Oh. I bought shirts. 2. 1. 3. 169 . 4. How do you do? Pleased to meet you. Words Introduce Introducing Greeting Meeting Parting Farewell Expressions Good morning. 5. My name is Rian. My name is Lina. Nice to see you. Mirna : What did you do before you left Bali? Toni : On the last day. She interrupts them. It's a wonderful place with beautiful beaches and sceneries. shorts. Dian : Good morning. 2. Hi. My name's Desi. Bye. Lina. A girl : Hi. We are in the same class. 6. I also played football and sand with my brother. Lina : See you. There is someone approaching her. What did you do there? Toni : My family and I spent four nights there in a bungalow in Kuta beach. Santi. nice to meet you again after long holiday. 5. right. She meets Rian. It was a great experience to see many beautiful places and have a talk with tourists there. nice to meet you too. Activity 5 Lina is reading a book in the city park. A girl : Excuse me. Dian : Really? Good. How do you do? Nice to meet you. Mari Memasak Sendiri. Hello.. Let me introduce myself. Andi. where did you go on the last holiday? Toni : Well. 3. I went to the merchandise shops and bought some stuffs there. My name is Rudi. Lina : Hi. Fany.. Nice to meet you.K. I went to Bali. I'm sorry I'm late. and also traditional clothes. Mirna : Wow. Unfortunately I couldn't afford to buy a surfing board because it was too expensive. so I have a friend to share with.Tapescripts Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You Activity 2 No. How do you do? 4. Then. too. Santi and I have to go right now.. Good morning. what book is that? Dian : This is a book about cooking. I had a great vacation there. Allow me to introduce myself. It sounds great. this Lina. Rian : Good morning. Lina : No. Do you mind if I sit beside you? I'm waiting my friend. It's OK. I'm Rendi. Activity 4 1. Rian : Bye. Fany : Well. they introduce each other. Activity 3 Today is the first day at school for Dian. I'm Dian. this is Santi. Let me introduce you to Lina. Toni. I'm Fany. Mirna : Well. Take care. How are you? My name is . Toni : Hello.

The next day we went across to the east coast saw some of the old villages. I'm so happy. Aisha Activity 11 I was driving along the coast road when the car suddenly lurched to one side. See you soon. When I got back to town. visited Activity 10 Yogyakarta Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That Activity 2 No. My brother got an accident last night. I hope. played 10. your father said that he would take you to the department store. but my brother Fachri just spent all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed. You win a free ticket to Bali. swam 7. Andi. He must have skidded in the rain. Frankly we both are so proud for your performance at school. but it was fun to try. April. the food's great. 2. did 3. Our teacher's father just passed away. 5. Hani : Thanks for your praise. The people are friendly. 4. 170 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . surfed 9. Hani : Thanks Mom. there wasn't much left. It gives me satisfaction.Activity 9 1. Mom. as I said. so I was the one who talked to people. had 4. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Mother : My dear daughter. When do we go there. good news 2. went 5. Your friend hurt himself when playing football. 5. I am also happy to have parents like you both. Father will buy a new pair of shoes for you. Dear Evi and Andi. I'm so happy. 3. It was much quiet there than here–very beautiful. 3. 1st 2008 Expressions It's really great. Fachri actually spoke it quite well. 7. Mom? Mother : Perhaps after dinner. Can you believe it? Most days were pretty lazy. 4. I swam two or three times a day. At first I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks. I learn) Balinese–I still can't say much. You know what. I'm delighted to hear that. I'm so blessed to be your Mom. Mother : You are a wonderful daughter for us. and the weather's a lot better than at home. bought 8. but he was afraid to open his mouth. left 6. It was a really great place. My father bought me a motorcycle. but no tourists. Hani : Hooray! That's great. Last Saturday I got on the bus and get to the north and of the island. The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car. Love to your parents. I'm very sorry to hear that! That is a pity/shame! Are you OK? What a terrible situation! Please accept my condolences! happy happiness bad news sympathy affection terrible condolence 6. well. Activity 3 1. Just a note to let you know that we had a wonderful holiday in Bali. Words 1. 8. was 2. Did you hear that Rudi fell off when he was riding his motorcycles? Andi : Oh really? How awful! What happened? Deni : He was riding in a big storm. Dialogue 2 Deni : Hi.

The other sons tried and were also unsuccessful. Taken from Readings to Remember. So the little girl took an automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead. "Well done. "I've lost my wallet somewhere. He had no luck trying to stop their arguments with words. a big wolf waited in the dark forest for a little girl to come along carrying a basket of food to her grandmother. he was such in pain. Rendy got a serious cancer disease?" 6." 8. Activity 6 Boni : Hi. Was he badly injured? Sure. Boni : Don't mention it. You got a great mark for the final test. Boni : Folk tale books . "Are you carrying that basket to your grandmother?" asked the wolf. (Panji and Boni go to the corner shelves. He wasn't. 4.Andi Deni Andi Deni : : : : Andi : Deni : Andi : Oh that's too bad. But i don't know where to find them. you will be like these sticks together. I'm interested in reading legends. Many people died and got serious injured. "Rendi was knocked down by a car." 4. When the little girl opened the door of her grandmother's house. so he decided to teach them a lesson.its a bout superhero. they are on the corner shelves." 3.000 credit bonus. He broke his legs. I like to read fable. You get Rp 10.000. for even in a nightcap a wolf doesn't look anymore like your grandmother than Metro-Goldwyn lion looks like Calvin Coolidge.. "I heard that Budi was in jail. My name's Fitra. What can I do for you? Panji : Hello. He couldn't even stand up. The eldest son tried with all his strength but was not able to do it. on the TV news. 2004 Activity 5 1. Activity 8 The Little Girl and the Wolf James Thurber One afternoon. I am Lita. I like Sangkuriang story." 5." 2.. So the wolf asked her where her grandmother lived and the little girl told him and he disappeared into the woods. All of them are folk tale books. Where is he now? Is he in the hospital? He is still in the Emergency Unit of Sumber Waras Hospital. Finally. 100. You get a free ticket for this holiday. Activity 9 The Father and His Sons A father had a family of sons who were always fighting. Bon. 2 3. That's very kind of you. I need some books about folk tale. she saw there was somebody in bed with a nightcap and nightgown on. Panji. if you are of one mind. The little girl said yes she was. the little girl came along and she was carrying a basket of food. "Yesterday. I saw a bad thunder storm in California. was he? He was. Right now I am reading new series of Harry Potter. I'm reading Aesop's fables. The title is Uzumaki Naruto." Tapescripts 171 . Boni : Let me help you. I'm looking for some books for my assignments. "Did you hear that Mr. "You are excellent and brilliant. you will be broken as easily as a single stick. Panji : Thank you. My name is Putra I like reading comics. but if you are divided among yourselves.. "My sons. and unite to assist each other. "Congratulations. The story and the adventure is interesting.) These are the books that you need. That's terrible.. I am Ridwan. He told his sons to bring him a bunch of sticks. hmmm . I'll see him in the hospital right away. He was in hospital for five weeks. Now. Activity 7 1. Panji : Thank you very much. He was arrested for traffic violence" 7. She had approached no nearer than twenty-five feet from the bed when she saw that it was not her grandmother but the wolf. What I don't know where to find them.. He took the sticks and gave them to his eldest son and asked him to break them. It's got Rp. It's my job to help everyone who needs books in this library. The father said.on it.

• Put a slice of butter on each slice.. I'm very sorry. Thank you very much. Dr Fauzi : Hi Andre. Dr Fauzi : Bye. I think . I'm free on Tuesday afternoon. Let's meet at five. Bye. Lina : It's very simple. First. What are they about? Are they interesting? Arief : If I tell you now. great. Fauzi. Ten minutes later. Would you like to come? Susi : Certainly. Spread butter on each piece. We can meet next time. Activity 8 1. I'm sorry I can't make it. I'd love to. I'll decide to come or not. Arief : Do you have a plan for tomorrow holiday? Rita : Too bad. Now.. Lina continues her reading. Dr Fauzi : See you. 172 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . Lina : Could you tell me how to make this sandwich? Fany : OK. Finally. This is Andre. Lina : No. place the slices on one piece of the bread. cut cheese into slices. Dr Fauzi : OK. the girl offers something. It's OK. By the way. Then.) It's very delicious. 7. • Put the other piece of bread on the top. his friend calls him. • Cut some cheese into slices. Santi : Hi. A girl : Excuse me. I'm sorry I'm late. and watching drama. 9. Arief : I've got a new interesting novel and VCD of a drama performance. Then. that's OK. Activity 7 Lina is reading a book in the city park. I'll be at your house at 8. Would you come to my house to enjoy them? Rita : I'd love to. Do you mind if I sit here? I'm waiting for my friend. • Take two slices of bread. won't you? 3. Fauzi. A girl is coming over to Lina and Fani. 10. • Place the slices on a piece of bread. please. Arief : I've got a plan for tomorrow. Would you like to come to lunch on Saturday? 2. The girl : I brought some sandwiches. Shall we have dinner this evening at my house? 5. One day. Fany.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come? Activity 2 Doni : We're having a party on Saturday night. I'd love to come. 6. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Arief and Rita are fond of literature. decide. novels. I'll promise I'll be there. How about tomorrow morning? 8. (Lina takes the sandwich. I'd like to. See you there. Rita : Wow. Thank you for asking me. They enjoy reading stories. Mr Andre Posuma. but I've got an exam tomorrow. he calls Mr Iwan Fauzi to cancel his appointment.00 in the morning. See you. I don't think I can come to your party. This is about our appointment. Mr Posuma : Alright. I have nothing to do. She interrupts them. Doni : Great. On the way home. Mr Andre Posuma is informed by her secretary that there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon. It has been two months since my last visit to you. Fany : That's OK. I will attend a meeting. Nice to meet you. Let's meet at ten o'clock tomorrow morning. my name is Lina. Do you want some? (She hands a sandwich to Lina) Lina : Thank you. He had a friend. Dr Fauzi : What's wrong? Mr Posuma : Mmm… actually. Then. Susi. who always sees him for general check up. Dr Fauzi : Well. You will come to my birthday. Andre. Activity 3 1. Mr Posuma : Hello. The girl : I'm Fanny. Mr Posuma : I'll be there. it won't surprise you. There is someone approaching her. put the other piece on the top. Can I help you? Mr Posuma : I'd like to have a general check up. After that. Mr Posuma : Hello. After a long silence. Would you like to come to my house? Rita : Really? Tell me. take two pieces of bread. Nice to meet you too. It's me. Dialogue 2 Dr Iwan Fauzi was a well-known doctor. but I can't come. 4. Arief and Rita have a chat.

and put the coffee on the stove and pour a bit of the water into one of the cups. "there is still some honesty in this world!' Taken from Practice and Progress. Then. I had just lost £50 and I felt very upset. Jim. thanks a lot.' he said. He started to complain about this wicked world but was interrupted by a knock at the door. Jim. 1. Make your folds as sharp as possible. 4. It contained £50. Fold over the right side to meet the left side. 2. would you like to go to the movie with me? Dina : Thanks anyway but I'm busy right now. Take out the egg and let it cool. How do you do? What does Mr Black say? 3. A girl came in and put an envelope on his desk. Place the paper on a flat surface with one corner on top in the shape of a diamond. How are you today? Dani : Good morning. What does James say? The following text is for questions 6 to 10. Boil the water for three minutes. 1994 Tapescripts 173 . 7. OK? Before you pour the coffee out. Pour it into a glass or cup. the coffee will rise slowly up to the top of the pot. you should pour back the water that you poured off earlier–this helps to make the grounds settle. Mr Smith : I don't think we've met before. Then you light the gas. So. Now fold down the top point to make a small triangle. 6. Draw two lines from one corner to another of the paper. 2. you put the four heaped teaspoons of coffee in the coffee pot. thanks. anyway you put the pot back on the stove and let the coffee come back to the boil very slowly. It Could Be Worse I entered the hotel manager's office and sat down. Activity 11 1. Activity 10 Andre : How do you make Turkish coffee? What do you have to do exactly? Jim : Well.' The manager was sympathetic. Add some sugar or milk. Now. What you have should look like a kite. ‘Everyone's losing money these days. 5. How do you do? Mr Black : I'm Black. Cut inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. Fold the lower left and lower right sides so they meet at the crease.' I said to the manager. Santi : Din. "Well. I'm fine. and stir it.' she said. and when it reaches the top. 5. Put some water in a pot. What does Andi say when he gives the pen? 4. 3. You can now blow on the pinwheel and watch it spining. What does Dani say to reply to Alex's greeting? 2. and four level teaspoons of sugar in the coffee pot.2. 3. 3. See? OK? Andre : Yes. Fold the point on the left over to meet the right point.' I said. Draw a face on your whale. What does Dina say before she refuses the invitation? 5. • • • • • • • • • • Put some tea into a teapot. Ali : Can I borrow your pen? Andi : Sure. OK? You put four cups of cold water. but he could do nothing. or else it'll overflow and make a terrible mess. Jim : Don't mention it. Push the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. "I found this outside this gentleman's room. 4. Turn the shape so that the long side is facing you. Review 1 The following short dialogues are for questions 1 to 5. then unfold it. Heat the water. "and it's not there now. James : Thanks for your help. you take it off the stove. Put an egg into the water. Here it is. Fold up the point at the end to make a tail. say you want to make four cups of coffee. "I left the money in my room. Alex : Good morning. When it starts to boil. it's very important not to put the coffee in before you've poured some water off. You will have a crease in the centre. Activity 9 Instruction: 1. 8. Add boiling water. I'm Smith. Leave it for three minutes. Fold over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre.

By the way. great charming fantastic congratulate 5. Desi. Step 3 : Pull up on the strings as you walk tall on your tin-can stilts. Andi. 6. thanks. 2001 Chapter 4 Congratulations! You Did It Very Well Activity 2 Words 1. I passed my final exam 5.' Just then. 7. 2. the boy started eating the chicken's legs greedily. 3. Desi : Wow. that's amazing. Taken from Childcraft: Make and Do. You look charming Andi I like your style 4. Well done! How extremely nice of you to say so. Andi. I guess it's just my luck. 1996 The following text is for questions 13 to 17. It is me. Desi : Thanks. 174 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . I got a scholarship to study abroad. 4. 8. • May I congratulate you on …. "There it is! He's eating the dead chicken.' The landowner thought that he had been served a long-dead chicken. terrific farewell achievements extremely Expressions Activity 4 Dialogue 1 Andi had passed on his final semester test. Andi. Live Chicken for Dinner? A landowner from Seoul went to visit his farmer in the countryside and was treated to a grand dinner of boiled chicken. Riska : Congratulations! We're happy for you. In the course of the meal. Riska and Joko come to his house to congratulate him Riska : Is it true what the newspaper's headline said? Andi : What news? Joko : The news about you winning the national novel writing competition. no. • I like your hair style! • You're terrific/fantastic. he meets Desi. 7. Tie the ends together. Is it really you? Andi : Yeah. 2. Well done! Andi : Thanks for your compliment. 2. My stomach can't take any more food. Congratulations! How's the score? Andi : Thanks God. Step 2 : Thread the plastic clothes line through the holes. It's my pleasure. You know what. Taken from English Bestseller 12. the farmer's youngest son ran in. 4. I'm so happy right now. Move around on Tin-Can Stilts You will need: • 2 large coffee or dried milk tins • 4 metres plastic clothes line Step 1 : Ask an adult to punch two holes near the unopened end of each tin. too. Andi. Desi : That's great. Andi : Thank you very much. politely saying.The following text is for questions 11 and 12. So he put down his chopsticks and told the servant to clear the table. 6. "Oh. 3. Desi : Never mind Andi. I know you are very smart. The next day. You look great. You know what? I have passed for the final test. Desi : Hi. You look great today! I love your new hair style. She congratulates and compliments Andi. I got the highest score for the test. Andi. shouting. Your performance is amazing. 8. • Congratulations! • Congratulations on your …. "This is enough for me. On the way home. I've got it. Desi : It's very nice to meet you here. "Who eats live chickens?' replied the boy. Andi : Oh. Activity 5 • What a charming dress! • That's a very nice coat! • You look nice. how was your test? Have you got the result? Andi : Yes. this is really delicious. My brother won a national singing contest. 1. Activity 3 1. 5. saying at the same time. 3.' "Why are you eating the dead chicken?' asked the surprised landowner. You are so kind. How are you doing? Andi : I am fine. Desi. Andi : Thanks a lot guys. Joko : It's a terrific job. Dialogue 2 Andi has won the national novel writing competition. his friend. • Well done! • Fantastic/terrific! You look great! What a charming dress! That's a very fantastic! I must congratulate you! Nice to meet you See you later Terrific.

would you do me a favour? Why not? What can I do for you? Could you tell your brother how grateful I am for his help to lend me his magazine? Oh. in southwestern England. That she got an idea. Each of the three arcaded stories originally had 80 arches. My house looks ugly and the paint is faded. one on top of the other. and the walls are bigger. The Romans. The Witch was very happy. I would like to invite you for dinner tonight. They brought the "gift' into their castle and partied throughout the night. I'll tell him. Activity 5 A. sure. It is the largest and most famous ancient Roman amphitheatre. When she wanted to start the upper part she found out that she couldn't reach it. The Greeks won that battle decisively thanks to Odysseus' brilliant idea of building a "Trojan Horse'. Fine. In the afternoon she finished the lower part of her house. The entire edifice is crowned by a large stupa at the centre of the top circle. The monument consists of a circular group of large upright stones surrounded by a circular earthwork. 2005 Tapescripts 175 . thinking that the Greeks have admitted defeat by leaving them a gift of gesture in the form of a "Horse Statue' were overjoyed. allowing other Greek soldiers who were waiting outside the gates to come inside. Can I see today's newspaper? Of course. 4. How are you this morning? Hi. the Greeks slowly descended out of the "Horse Statue'. It's all right. C. My house is more beautiful than yours. please. When she looked around the room. Thanks. Thanks. Yuni. It worked very fast. "I will use my magic broom!" She shouted. rendered the Roman defense useless and opened the gate into the well defended city. she said "Your house is ugly. I'm returning your brother's sports magazine. 5. Where do they originally come from? 1. "Broom. Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You Activity 2 Henry : Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry Yuni Henry : : : : : : : : : : : : Hello Yuni. Here it is. he was one of the many "tribal kings' that went to attack the Romans. It is a prehistoric monument on Salisbury Plain. thank you. Then she went to the shop and bought a can of paint. The Red and White Onions 3.Activity 6 Here are some folklores. "my friend was right. The Greeks then built chambers within the giant horse to allow some soldiers to hide inside to infiltrate the strong roman defense. Sangkuriang 4. Taken from Microsoft Encarta. "Get out of my house! and don't ever come back here!" After her friend left. B. It is constructed on a hill 46 m (150 ft) high and consists of eight step-like stone terraces. When all the Roman soldiers were drunk and unconscious. the Witch looked around her house and she said to herself. Activity 3 1. Would you like any other magazine or newspaper to read? Yes." The Witch was very angry when she heard this and shouted. and she worked very carefully. By the way. The police have found your missing purse. And you? I'm just fine. How kind of you. Please come in and have a seat. The horse was a gigantic wooden statue of a horse built in the guise of a gift for the Romans. thanks. Great. turn into a paint brush and paint my walls!" Suddenly the broom turned into a paint brush and it started to paint the upper walls. Malin Kundang 2. Activity 10 During the battle of Troy there was a Greek hero named Odysseus. I have to repaint it. and in ten minutes all job was done. After lunch she started to paint. Here it is and thanks. Henry. I have kept the package for you. It is elliptical and has three stories surmounted by a fourth story pierced with window like openings. This man has saved y our daughter's life. Thanks. one of the Witch's friends come over to visit. The Tongue Bitter Activity 7 and 8 One morning. Would you like to go with me to a music concert? 2. 3.

pay attention to our leader. The festival is to be held at the eastern parking a lot of Senayan. Dialogue 2 Andi brings news to his class. You must be kidding.OK my friends. What a surprise! 2.) Iwan : Yeah. I tell you the truth. Father : We know how it feels.. My goodness! 5. television singing contest (known as variety shows or talent shows) are jostling for airspace with sinetron (Tv soaps). Really? 4. Feny : Really? Why are you so gloomy? Bad news? Activity 4 1. Are you serious? 4. This is terrible. It is a famous landmark in the region of Semarang and a pride for Java. I don't believe it. The tender process for the project is expected to finish by the end of June. The stained glass windows are similar with those of the places like The Hague and Rotterdam and also the Royal family. It's very tragic. Andi : Attention. 5. no! Another disaster? (Then. Besides its thousand doors. You're kidding! Activity 7 News 1 The torrential rain which has been falling now for the last four days has resulted in many people in the south-east of Britain being unable to leave their homes. What a shocking. " The design of the park is under way. Thousands of people were killed. I don't believe it." Deputy Governor Prijanto said Monday at city hall. South Jakarta. Well. it is also well known for the fascinating stained glass windows representing the Dutch Symbolism. How very surprising/amazing. 2. I can't imagine that. : I'm serious. That's very disappointing. Many roads are flooded.. He informs that the headmaster cancels tomorrow's holiday. Iwan : Dad. : What! Are you serious? : Oh. He finds news that attracts his attention and informs his father. Andi : I've just met the headmaster in the teachers' room. Ecuador's earthquake is worse than in our country. look! There was an earthquake in Ecuador. : Oh. no. The building has numerous long winding corridors which open out to the offices on one side of the office and the other end of the building on the other hand. guys. 176 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . News 3 Lately. Are you serious? 6. with cars and other vehicles unable to move. 3. be quiet. Don't forget to come to the school tomorrow. from April 18 to 20. Aldi : Shh. in July. It is named Lawang Sewu which means a thousand doors. "One singing contest even secured higher ratings than the most popular sinetron. News 4 Five companies have collaborated to stage in Jakarta a three day environmental festival called Greenfast2008 that is aimed to promote awareness of global warming in a approachable and entertaining design. Chapter 6 Headline News Activity 2 1. Please. that's very surprising.. Good heavens! 6. Many people became homeless. South Jakarta. Oh really? Is it true? 3. 7. We will have a holiday someday. It seems that he brings bad news for us. News 2 Jakarta: The Jakarta administration will begin development of Ayodia public park in Barito. "AGB Nielsen Media Research communications executive Andini Wijendaru told The Jakarta Post on Friday. Iwan's father reads the newspaper. : Keep calm guys. Father : Oh. dear. He told me about our holiday.Activity 6 Lawang Sewu is one of the famous historical buildings in Indonesia. No. please! I have something to tell you. Aldi Andi Feny Aldi Andi Indah Andi : Be quiet Feny! : The headmaster cancelled tomorrow's holiday. I find that very surprising Activity 3 Dialogue 1 Iwan reads a newspaper. Remember the earthquake in our country last year.

Activity 9 Bekasi Makes Study Time Compulsory BEKASI: The Bekasi municipality administration will force students to allocate at least one hour in the evening to review school lessons of finish homework." Mochtar said. instead of the regular fare of Rp50.m. the regency's capital. : I'm busy. which costs them twice as much as the regular fare. to 7:30 p. : Let's meet at 8. "The study time must be effective. five hours longer than usual and passengers were charged Rp125." said the Mayor Muchtar Mohamad. visiting shopping malls or going to entertainment centers will be allowed. United hit back with a penalty from Cristiano Ronaldo and Owen Hargreaves free-kick to go six points clear of Chelsea.. Rani : Thanks. a driver of a passenger bus plying the Jambi-Kerinci route. Since early 2007. Milk is the most nourishing of all foods and a favourite drink of people throughout the world. What does Rani say when Agus congratulates her? 2. "My office is still drafting the regulation on study time.000. when cereal prices began rising. During study time. Nany : Your performance in the drama is very great. What does Erwin say to express his sympathy? 5. Transportation Paralysed in Jambi JAMBI CITY. Taken from The World Book Encyclopedia. Erwin : I'm sorry to hear that. The traffic between Jambi and Sungai Penuh was expected to return to normal on Thursday after the Kerinci administration deployed necessary equipment to repair the damaged road.00. What does Rita say when Nany compliments her? The following text is for questions 6 and 7. with four Premier League games to go. What does Ken say to refuse Indra's invitation? 4. who play Wigan Athletic on Monday. paralysing traffic between Jambi and Sungai Penuh. as quoted by Tempointeraktif. he said. Tanti : Hey. November 18. Agus : Well done. In addition. I don't think I can make it. Taken from The Jakarta Post. in time for National Education Day. Indra Ken Review 2 The following short dialogues are for questions 1 to 5. Kristin : I can't come to your party. do you know that Antonio Banderas will marry me? Anti : Really? Are you kidding? What does Anti say to response to Tanti? The following text is for questions 8 to 12. He is in the hospital now. You deserve to get that award. Milk has almost all the nutrients (nourishing substances) that people need for growth and good health. 2004 Tapescripts 177 .000. Rita : Thank you. would be issued on May 2. 1. My brother is ill. either at home or in groups along with classmates living in the same neighbourhood.m. News 6 Manager Alex Ferguson said Manchester United had beaten their nerves and a very good Arsenal side in Sunday's 2-1 victory at Old trafford. game consoles.News 5 The surge in world food prices is accomplishing what seven years of trade talks haven't knocking down import barriers.com on Monday. milk has most of these nutrients in large amounts and in such proportions that they can work as a team to help keep the body strong and healthy. 1996 3. Elementary and high school students will have to study from 6 p. Jambi: A landslides hit a village in Kerinci regency. developing nations have taken a raft of measures to increase imports. People travelling from Sungai Penuh to Jambi and vice versa have to take the Trans-Sumatra highway bypassing Solok in the neighbouring province of West Sumatra. Trailing to an Emmanuel Adebayor goal. said that it took him 15 hours for the trip. Herman. A staff of the local transportation office in Sungai Penuh said on Wednesday that the landslides was caused by incessant rain on Monday which caused dirt and rocks to cover and damage two sections of the road. no TV. The regulation. He failed to mention what punishments would be imposed on students who did not comply.

Take care. 7. We spent our time observing plantation and insects. He decided to bu a new record of D' Massive. c 4. get 3. 4. 2. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. 2. at 4:00 in the afternoon. She was born in October 31. I'll meet you for lunch on Tuesday at noon. c 3. 4. 3. Santi. Good morning 2. She confuse. 5. Rudi. We sang. swam 11. b 5. 28th 2008 at 8. Activity 4 1. She says see you. Good morning 5. 2. Let me introduce you to Lina. went 5. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. 5. this is Santi. Event 2 : The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car. 5. Activity 3 1. Nice to meet you. read poetry. Activity 8 1.Answer Key Chapter 1 It's Nice to See You Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. (a) I'm just fine. She also introduces herself.m. 3. 4. than 8. My name is Rian 6. played magic tricks. Activity 10 1. danced. 5. He was so surprised. 7. It takes place in the city park. a Activity 8 1. 3. Activity 2 1. Yes he did. We went camping. At noon when it was getting darker. Allow me to introduce myself 3. Desi. quiet 4. Lina. speechless. spent 12. there wasn't much left. Activity 4 1. Her heart beat faster when she heard his voice. How are you? 3. Nice to meet you too 8. (b) Hi. 3. He was walking down Sunda Street. believe 9. 2. Andika did. 8. Linda was born in 1952. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. had 7. Nice to see you. Activity 3 1. 3. I'm Dian. Rudi goes to Singapore every weekend. 4. (b) Glad to meet you. In March.00 in the morning and arrives in Singapore at 10:45. He was very friendly. No. 2. She talks to Lina. A piece of paper that the man gave. learn Activity 10 Event 1 : At first I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks. b 2. My name is Lina. I lived in Jakarta from 1995 to 1998. happy. this Lina. 7. I must go now 9. I'm Deni. He was looking for a record store. 178 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . too. 5. He asked me the way to the Hyatt Hotel. 4. 10. She takes the train on Saturday at 9. 6. (b) Good morning. Bye. she didn't. (b) Hi. as I said. lazy 10.00 p. 5. 2. It took for about one and a half hour. Yes. she does. got 2. Hi. Three persons are involved in the dialogue. and even some of my friends performed a standing comedy. well. She was so surprised. 4. Event 3 : When I got back to town. saw 6. Activity 5 1. 4. 6.

Hiding from her mother and father. 7. 3. I'm so happy for you. a basket of food 6. 10. 8. 2. 3. No. 9. Sangkuriang 4. Answer may vary. He is looking for some books for his assignments. Some of the students were late to class because they were playing soccer at the park. Metro-Goldwyn 4. Because the colour of the petals of the flowers was the same as the colour of Rosaura's ribbon. They didn't not know each other. She cried in front of me. asked 7. opened 2. that's good news. saw that 4. I'll take care of it. (a) Oh. I'm so glad right now. Six peoples. The red flowers were there to remind them about Rosaura. 4. Legends. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. How awful! 5. 2. Folk tales books 5. 7. 6. Answer may vary. 8. superhero comics. Activity 4 Answers may vary. 5. I'm so sorry to hear that. (a) How terrible! 3. waited 5. Rosaura ran away from her house. (b) Is that right? That's too bad. Activity 4 Dialogue 1 1. Activity 6 1. Because she wanted to go back into the sunshine to play. 4. Did you hear 4. happy 2. Activity 9 1. 3. Answers may vary. 8. 4. Activity 4 1. Superhero fiction. legends. adventure novel. Because Rosaura's mother thought that Rosaura was always happier when she was in the fields. Uzumaki Naruto 2 Lita. Answer may vary. 2. Anita was attending a conference in England last month. Boni and Panji. 3. 2.Chapter 2 I'm Sorry to Hear That Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. she didn't. Harry Potter 3. (b) Oh really? That's great. Activity 4 Story A is not in the correct order. The teacher was correcting paper at her desk. Rosaura. No. 5. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. Aesop's fables Activity 8 1. (a) I'm sorry to hear that. 9. Answer Key 179 . 4. That's terrible 3. blessed Dialogue 2 1. 2. see him Activity 5 Answers may vary. they couldn't. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. 7. fable. Fitra. 2. Activity 2 1. great 3. The story reveals how the red poppy come to be. You have my sincere condolences. Activity 7 1. Ridwan. disappeared 8. 10. 4. nightgown on 3. that's too bad 6. 6. even stand up 2. Putra. 3 Wahyu falled in love with the new student. Did the teacher visit Indonesia Book fair in Jakarta? 6. It's about finding the story books. Activity 3 1. proud 4. 5. Answer may vary. Sally was listening to music in her room. A folk tale. Activity 8 1. Roy was taking a nap on the couch.

2. To change the speed of the fan. Activity 10 1. 14. d 17. vegetables. that's OK. I'll be there 6. 2. garlic. Turkish coffee. cut up the onions and garlic and fry them. cut up a cucumber into thin slices and place the slices on top. 2. press one of the switches at the bottom. then press the tilt adjustment knob. d 2. Activity 8 1. 4. To move the fan up or down. Would you come to my house to enjoy them? 3. Activity 6 1. Review 1 A. 7. Answer may vary. Plug the power cord into a wall outlet. push the pin on top of the motor 4. I'm sorry I can't make it. 8. Eighty six percents. Activity 2 1. I'd love to come. • Stir the mixture and add salt. How to Make a Cup of Tea. a 5. 12. 10. b a c c b 16. I'd love to. Being friendly. Do you want some? 3. 5. 7. Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. Being friendly. Let's meet at five. • Finally. 15. cut up the meat into very small pieces and fry it in a pan • At the same time cook the rice in another pan. pepper and other spices. 3. d 4. 4. I'm sorry. • Then. 13. Thirty students. 2. First. a 3. 6. Would you like to come to my house? 2. 2. Invitation. 3. • When the rice is cooked add it to the meat and the vegetables. • Now. d Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. Ask a friend. Would you like to come to my party on Saturday night? 3. you can break in two or three eggs. Activity 3 1. if you like. b d a c a Listening 6. How to Boil an Egg. 5. • Serve the fried rice with hot sauce. Activity 2 1. It's OK. After that 7. 4. 9. 1. 2. Activity 7 1. 2. tomatoes and cucumber. Activity 4 1. Certainly. 4. 8. 3. Activity 2 Material butter milk egg chocolate cheese flour sugar Method remove chocolate pour garnish roast mix knead add boil sprinkle braise Sentence Connector first then next finally Activity 3 How to Prepare Fried Rice • To make fried rice you will need some rice. Activity 2 1. a 180 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . How to Make a Cheese Sandwich. Nice to meet you. • The best vegetables to use are onions. first pull up the oscillating pin. Twenty eight. Could you tell me 5. To make the fan move sideways. • First. Answers may vary 3. 2. 4. meat and eggs. on the top. Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. 3. Invitation.Chapter 3 Would You Like to Come? Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. c b a b d 11.

shouted 4. bought read Put shave killed. b 5. 3. 7. 3. looked around 5. 6. (b) So has sat down under the tree to sleep. Beowulf heard about the problem and went to Denmark to help the king. the the a Yes. 5. True Activity 9 1. b 2. I do. The President's is taken by the cameraman several times. 45. False 3. a 4. Well done! 7. 43. This new computer game is bought by my brother for me. more beautiful 3. False 4. Congratulations 6. Chapter 4 Would You Like to Come? Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. it started Activity 10 1. b 4. b 5. 21. a 3. 4. (e) Pak Aman sells hat in the village 2. b 35. The beautiful story of prince and princesses is written by her. The wax statue is melted by a fire at the House of Wax. A family is helped by the firefighters from being trapped in a ruin. (c) He was very angry and threw a stone at them. Activity 6 1. He put on his armour again and went to the dragon's cave with his men. a 3. c d b a a 41. a paint brush 10. 29. e 3. 27. c Activity 2 1. 10. 24. A dragon. She went to the castle and killed a knight. 5. 7. You look great today 3. Thanks for Dialogue 2 1. 26. started to 7. 19. they didin't. come over 2. 4. he felt very tired 3. Congratulations Activity 5 Answers may vary. I think so. Fifty years. 22. 20. 30. a 2. True 5. No. f d g Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. Activity 3 1. Beowulf woke up and fought the monster-he pulled off an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake. c 4. 9. Thank you very much 4. d 34. Reading 18. a c c b c C. 32. Yes. Writing 23. It is me terrific job Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. 40. c c Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. 6. 36. 3. 39. a Activity 4 Dialogue 1 1. 4. 5. finished 8. 2. Activity 4 1. False 8. Answer Key 181 . (g) There were lots of naughty monkeys up that tree. d a a d c 28. 33.B. A special sword. ran away. 8. 42. He died. found out 9. True 7. 38. 6. 44. 25. 5. Activity 3 1. True 6. while he was going from one village to another. (i) The monkeys in turn threw fruit down at him. 37. 2. (j) The monkeys came down and took all the hats except the one on Pak Aman's hats. 31. went to the shop 6. How are you doing 2. Grendel 2. (k) One day. True 2. I'm so happy 5. 4. Activity 8 1. Is it true 2.

10.700 km from the coast of Chile Time of building: between 1150–1500 Physical appearance: 600 large statues 2. how grateful I am. d 5. 3. (d) So Pak Aman managed to get his hat back. 3. F Reading Activity 1 Speaking Activity 1 Answers may vary. Easter Island Answers may vary. Picture 2 B. 5. 90 years old. Activity 2 1. Ardi does. to 14. how kind of you thanks grateful thanks At the library. he can. He found out that the cave was inhabited by the annoying evil spirit. c 12. m 11. 3. in 13. 6. It is on Niagara River.This gave Pak Aman an idea how to get his has back. 2. I won't say no. She'd love to. in a lime hill called Tapan. 6. of 4. of 11. Tell her brother how grateful he is for his help to lend him his magazine. 7.8 kilometre). a Activity 4 Answers may vary. 4. how kind of you. l 13. Activity 3 1. there is a large castle and underneath this is the ‘Great Enclosure'. (f) At this the monkeys threw all the hats down at him. 4. 5. at 9. landmark Location: in the South Pacific. historical buildings 2. A well-known pesinden (traditional Javanese singer). 2. 4. (h) He took off his hat and threw it at the monkeys. Wareng village. Great Zimbabwe Location: Zimbabwe. long winding corridors 6. Activity 10 1. 9. Thanks. It's all right. Picture 3 C. 2. doors.000 years ago Physical appearance: on top of a hill. 3. b 4. on 7. Yes. Pueblo Bonito Location: in the desert of the Chaco Canyon Time of building: 1. of 10. Africa Time of building: 1. b 10. 2. h Activity 4 1. for 15. Wiyogo. thanks 2.600 feet (792 metres) wide–about 0. F 4. for 3. F 3. The wall is from stone and the floors. And so on. T 5. thank you 3. for 5. Activity 5 A. g 7. he is. 3. a 2. Activity 12 1. and roofs are from wood. 5. It is located near Pacitan in East Java. (a) Chapter 5 I'm Very Grateful to You Listening Activity 1 Answers may vary. f 3. T 2. 8. Yes. thanks 1. for 12. about halfway between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. On Sunday morning. Returning sport magazine he lent. e 6. Beautiful tropical scenery to enjoy-ricefields. b 5. 11. Activity 2 1. i 9. Picture 1 Activity 6 1. coconut-palms and birds. Activity 8 1. Activity 3 1. 8. near Activity 13 1. Activity 7 Answers may vary. 5. thanks 4.5 mile (0. stained glass windows 5. j 2. East of the cave. 6. of 8. 5. a 3.000 years ago Physical appearance: nine multi-storey building called ‘Great Houses'. A steep gorge. a thousand doors 4. Canada and the United States. 7. Lawang Sewu 3. for 2. k 4. a 8. 3. 4. 182 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . in Tabuhan. The Horseshoe falls and the American Falls. 2. of 6.

I don't believe it. Activity 2 1. A plain big stone. F 9. "Aloha" means love and well-being and stands for everything that goes to make up the image of Hawaii. look! 2. and years of imprisonments. F 3. News 1 5. Yes. F 5. Activity 7 1. draw 3. crowded 4. Activity 7 1. T 8. no! 4. They contain a description of places. they do. to study 5. This is terrible. How the Tower of London was. showing nine centuries of British history. period: to end sentence comma: to separate words. Activity 4 The Tower of London was first built in the 11th century within the Roman city walls. Since then it has been a fortress. dear Activity 4 to 6 Answers may vary. Oahu. and a prison-the scene of murder. 3. bad news 5. Kauai. is the home of the Crown Jewels. 8. execution. No. every year Chapter 6 Headline News Activity 1 Answers may vary. entertainment centers 6. To visit Waikiki Beach which is perhaps the most famous in the world after the Copacobana. News 4 6. Big Island and Maui. Paragraph 10–12 2.'s finest castles. Its purpose was to protect and control the city. Activity 8 • the capital city of France • one of the most beautiful cities in the world • one of the world's most crowded cities • lovely gardens and parks • many palaces and statues • the city of light • millions of people • the most popular place to visit • the Eiffel Tower • this huge structure • the Louvre • one of the world's largest art museums • many visitors • the Cathedral of Notre Dame • a famous church • another favourite place to visit Activity 9 1. Mount Kosciusko : spectacular mountains in Australia. It also houses a fine collection of armour and many other displays. and. 3. Paragraph 17 3. huge 2. from colourful shirts. 4. F 7. issued 4. T 2. lovely 5. T Activity 6 1. Full board. 9. They are greeted by mountains of ham and pancake. How the Tower of London is now. F 10.K. F 6. News 5 Activity 9 1. Are you serious? 2. 2. Activity 5 1. Lights. 9. 2. Paragraph 7 5. T 4. ceremonies. or clauses in a series apostrophe: to show possession Speaking Activity 1 to 9 Answers may vary. Activity 3 Dialogue 1 1. Paragraph 14 2. News 3 2. Oh. As little as 1. News 2 4. as one of the strongest fortresses in the land. 3. Activity 5 1. 3. 7. 6. We know how it feels Dialogue 2 1. or Mahalo in Hawaiian.700 kilograms. Answer Key 183 . a palace. regulation 3. 10. News 6 3. through flower garlands and grass skirts to coconut bikinis. The Tower is one of the U. In 1999. "Fine". Attention 4. Oh. would be imposed Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. Bali in Action : amazing activities in Bali. Paragraph 3 4. will force 2.250 euros per person for seven nights. a nightly entertainment program and transfers between the four most important islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago. phrases. 5. so gloomy 6.8. we can't.

From the time of birth. "Do not forget submitting my assignment. In the room where top scientists meet 4. e Writing 184 Developing English Competencies for Grade X . The teacher should encourage the students to be active in language learning." 2. Review 2 A. students. Alya said. We should look at different ways to get the needed language. c 21. Students who attend dual language programme will acquire more than language so they have an advantage over the competitors applying college placement. c c 23. 4. T 2. "I was sleeping when the storm came?" 43. 16. 53. 52. 30. 19. 50. French and German It is important because China begins to move into world economy. 33. date 5. T 3." said Mr Ardi. a Activity 7 1. Ministry of Defence. 32. 3. for 45. d b 25. Answer may vary using invitation expressions. 14. 12. 37. 13. 7. Yes. The students visit the national museum. 35. c 58. a d a c 39. 34. Activity 4 1."I going to watch a new movie tomorrow. 51. The students were given a new book by the teacher. b 4. The man said. Kick boxing Orangutans return to jungle 4. Those 46. d 55. 3.Reading Activity 1 Answers may vary. Jazz forecast All weekend. 40. 3. Answers may vary. introductory paragraph 3. d d 26. 42. 18. b a d c Listening 5. and schools. Don't forget Your Umbrella 5. 10. the events 4. T 5. photograph 6. 1. a 3. b c c a 9. they have. a 5. caption 7. 38. Answer may vary using gratitude expressions. 2. "Would you like to participate in school workshop. Answer may vary using attracting attention expressions. 41. d b 28. headline 2. 17. "Please return my books that you borrowed. Answer may vary using sympathy expressions. 36. F 6. Answer may vary using surprised expressions. These 47. 54. F 4. but 44. b c 27. "Meet me in my office. 11. Between the age of two and six. B. Activity 2 1. Hamdan asked. T Activity 5 1. Writing Activity 1 Answers may vary. ending statements Activity 3 1. 29." said Mrs Zakia. "The team' means parents. 15. 20. b 57." 5. 2. quotes 8. Activity 9 1. b 2. Jamu: from Generation to Generation 3." asked Nia. before 49. She said that she didn't know anything about the robbery. Reading C. b a 22. 6. Epicenter of Diversity Found Activity 4 to 7 Answers may vary. The second home means school should be as comfortable as home so that the student feels at home. d Because parents want their children academically competitive. but 48. 4. Reog Dance: Battle between Man and Beast 2. b c 24. 31. a 56. 8.

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