# Part A Question 1

Theta 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 T gravity -161.406 -158.95636 -151.68179 -139.80311 -123.68088 -103.80447 -80.777197 -55.298033 -28.140366 -0.1285319 27.887203 55.056457 Net torque -32.286 -40.847359 -44.583794 -43.716113 -38.604881 -29.739467 -17.723197 -3.255033 12.8916344 29.8924681 46.8972032 63.0554565
150 100 50 Torque (Nm) 0 0 -50 -100 -150 -200 Door opening angle (Degrees) 20 40 60 80 100 120 Tspring t gravity Net Torque

Theta

Spring Torque 0 129.1248 110 8

The graph above represents the Net torque, gravity induced torque and spring torque versus the door opening angle of a trap door system. As can be seen from the graph, the spring torque follows a linear path due to the boundary conditions that state the torque of the torsion bar (spring) is 8 Nm at 110 degrees and 80% of the door weight when closed ( 0 degrees). The gravity induced torque acts in the opposite direction to the spring torque and is therefore negative. The equation used to calculate the gravity induced torque is T= mgl*cosθ where m, the mass of the door is 27 kg, g is 9.8 m/s2, and l=0.610 m is the distance of the centre of gravity of the door from the hinge. The net torque is the difference between the spring torque and the gravity induced torque. The critical values in this graph are at approximately 70 degrees when the net torque is equal to 0 due to the gravity induced torque and the spring torque having exactly opposite magnitudes.

150

Part A Question 2
Theta 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Theta Net T gravity torque -161.406 -32.286 -158.956 -48.6904 -151.682 -60.2698 -139.803 -67.2451 -123.681 -69.9769 -103.804 -68.9545 -80.7772 -64.7812

100 50 Torque (Nm) 0 0 -50 -100 -150 -200 20 40 60 80 T spring T gravity Net Torque

T spring 0 129.1248 60 16

Door opening Angle (Degrees)

The graph above represents the Net torque, gravity induced torque and spring torque versus the door opening angle of a trap door system. This graph is very much similar to that in question apart from a change in the boundary conditions. The design is now modified to adhere with the client’s request that the door only rotate a maximum of 60 degrees from the closed position to the door stop. The torque provided by the steel torsion bar is 16Nm when it is held against the door stop (60 degrees)