# Basic geometry formulas A quadrilateral is a four-sided polygon.

A parallelogram, a rectangle, a square, a rhombus, and a trapezoid are all quadrilaterals. A circle is a plane figure in which all points are the same distance from the center of the circle. A diameter of a circle is a line segment across the circle through the center. A radius of a circle is a line segment from the center of the circle to a point on the circle.

The perimeter of a plane geometric figure is a measure of the distance around the figure. The distance around a circle is called the circumference. Area is the amount of surface in a region. Volume is a measure of the amount of space inside a figure in space. The surface area of a solid is the total area on the surface of the solid. When calculating perimeter of composite figures Be Careful!!!!! In most cases, when calculating the perimeter of a composite figure, you have to deduct one of the sides in your formulas. If you don’t, you’ll end up calculating the same side. Essential Rules Triangle Sum of the measures of the interior angles = 180o Sum of an interior and corresponding exterior angle = 180o Rules to determine congruence: SSS Rule, SAS Rule, ASA Rule Triangle: Rectangle: Square: Circle: Triangle: Rectangle: Square: Circle: Parallelogram: Trapezoid Volume Rectangular solid: Cube: P=a+b+c P = 2L + 2W P = 4s C = πd or C = 2πr
1 bh 2 A = LW A = s2 A = πr2 A = bh 1 A = h (b1 + b2) 2

Perimeter

Area

A=

V = LWH V = s3 4 Sphere: V = πr3 3 Right circular cylinder: V = πr2h 1 Right circular cone: V = πr2h 3 1 Regular pyramid: V = s2 h 3

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If a and b are the legs of a right triangle and c is the length of the hypotenuse. The ratio of corresponding heights is equal to the ratio of corresponding sides. then r = s .Surface Area Rectangular solid: Cube: Sphere: Right circular cylinder: Right circular cone: Regular pyramid: Trapezoid Pythagorean Theorem c a b It can be used to find the length of the sides of a triangle and the distance or height between two points. and r is called the square root of s. Arc length = measure of central angle × circumference 360o Measure of central angle = arc length × 360o circumference A B C The central angle is < ABC. Similar Triangles The ratios of corresponding sides are equal. D 4 B 2 5 E SA = 2LW + 2LH + 2WH SA = 6s2 SA = 4 πr2 SA = 2 πr2 + 2 πrh SA = πr2 + πrl SA = s2 + 2sl SA = (b1 + b2)h + pH (H = length of the longest base) < 1 = < 4 and < 3 = < 5 because they are alternate interior angles A 1 3 B Circle The measure of an arc equals the measure of the central angle. then a2 + b2 = c2 Principal Square Root Property If r2 = s. The arc is AC Saved C: Basic Geometry Formulas (Microsoft Word) .