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William Penn[1]2

William Penn[1]2

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Charlene Griffin Andrew Miller American History May 1, 2012

Where Did William Penn First Place His Feet on American Soil?

he was expelled for participating in a religious protest. England and was the eldest son of Admiral Sir William Penn and Margret Jasper Penn. was established around the mid-17th century. Penn would sit in on Quaker meetings in secret and come to believe in their doctrine. Penn became influenced by the Quaker movement. The Church began with King Henry VIII when he separated England from the rest of Catholic Europe. Penn experienced a vision that sent him a new religious path. 1644 in London. . created a new church. was the daughter of a rich Dutch merchant from Rotterdam. Under English law. was England’s predominant religion after years of Catholicism. when Penn returned to college later. Penn returned to his father’s home. persecuted.Griffin2 William Penn was born on October 14. opposed war. The time in which Penn was born was when people were beginning to form new religious groups outside of the Church of England. Throughout his adolescence. replacing the Catholic pope as a religious leader. also known as members of the Religious Society of Friends. Quakers. or killed. every English citizen was expected to be a practicing Anglican and those were not were considered heretics and could be jailed. After another arrest for his involvement with the Quakers. At the age of 12. he was influenced again by their teachings and was arrested. Angered by his son’s disgrace. who was his father’s second wife. and named the King of England its new head. Penn’s father was a Dutch captain who served in the navy English Civil War and his mother. and believed that they had a direct contact with God. Penn’s father had him sent to Paris hoping that the distance and time would remove the Quaker’s influence. also known as Anglicanism. His father remained very unhappy with Penn religious beliefs but father and son resolved their differences just before his father died. When Penn attended college. Quakers were non-violent. However. The Church of England.

which means “Penn’s Woods”. suggesting instead “Pennsylvania”. Pennsylvania also had a longer growing season compared to the rest . This grant was to settle a debt the King owed Penn’s Father sixteen-thousand pounds. rather than simply take it. Delaware and then to the Swedish settlement of Upland. 1682. which he renamed Chester. Penn wanted his new colony to be a refuge for persecuted Christians from all lands.Griffin3 Penn pursed several activities on the behalf of the Quakers. Pennsylvania. Penn had wanted to call the colony “New Wales” or '”Sylvania” but King Charles II intervened. Penn was a rare few that chose to buy land from Native Americans. Dutch Sectarians. writing books and making speeches. thus making the colony the most democratic and free colony in the New World. Presbyterian Scots and distressed English Quakers found lucrative for farming and religious and political freedom. Pennsylvania was also prosperous and avoided starvation periods due to its fertile grounds. Martin Luther King was an alumnus. On December 4. William Penn sailed to Pennsylvania on the ship The Welcome. He spoke on Pennsylvania opportunities offered by his colony that Germans. Pennsylvania’s growth was largely because of Penn’s success as a promoter. Dutch. landing first in New Castle. Penn also kept the peace between the nearby Native Americans and he later purchased from them their land so that he could expand his territory. French Huguenots. Today. and Swedish settlers moved into the new colony to escape the religious persecution in Europe. Chester was located between Delaware River and the Ridley and Chester Creeks extending northward to where there was a major tobacco plantation. He also settled disputes between the Quaker landholders and he encouraged a jury not to let the judge make their decision. which Dr. he passed a law that guaranteed the right of liberty and religious freedom. King Charles II granted William Penn a tract of land in America. it is now the Crozer Theological Seminary. Many English.

I saw maps of Chester in 1864 and I discovered that there are still monuments in Chester dedicated to William Penn where he first steps on American soil. Chester has has five nationally registered historic places 1724 Chester Courthouse. but not too many people hear about it. Chester will rise again with the help of the new businesses such as PPL Park and Chester’s Harrah’s Casino & Racetrack. They marched into Ridley. now Leiperville. People came in from nearby and faraway places looking for work. Chester was the storm center of the war because it was nearest to Philadelphia. Markham made Chester the capital city of the Pennsylvania. The city saw much of the battles and suffered severely from the depredation of the British forces. During the American Revolution. a few companies still remain such as Kimberley-Scott Paper. and its city limits were further expanded. There were no military drafts as Quakers rejected the war. My method of experimental learning was I attended the Chester Historical Society and did research on William Penn’s landing in America. Waterside . there is a house where William Penn once stayed in located in Upland. Chester was once very prominent and had many opportunities for employment. he later sent his cousin Colonel Markham to the providence to act as his representative. Sun Oil. Even though times have changed and Chester has lost some of its big businesses. Pennsylvania called the Cable Pusey House.Griffin4 northeast Colonial America. Just a few blocks from where I live. Pennsylvania was also known as a peace state. the defeated Americans rallied in the villages and assembled into companies and regiments. On the night of the Battle of the Brandywine. or Deputy Governor. where they prepared for battle. After Penn was granted Pennsylvania. My research shows that Chester had a very important part in American history. Congoleum and BP. Chester has a lot of history.

especially. free. In the Franciscan Tradition. Penn could go into other territories unarmed and unescorted because he learned the other languages and was highly respected. The Quakers were the earliest group to protest against slavery 40 years after Penn’s death. Penn also made a treaty with the Indians at Shackamaxon. were as negative towards Quakers as the people back home. In fact. and some of them had been banished to the Caribbean." Many regard the Great Treaty as a . and Penn's political ideas had been put into a workable form. However. Penn saw no threat from other religious colonies. Penn chose to acquire lands for his colony through business rather than conquest. he was penniless. After the building plans for Philadelphia had been completed. William Penn Landing Site.Griffin5 Station of the Philadelphia Electric Company. the colony never turned a profit. Voltaire praised this "Great Treaty" as "the only treaty between those people [Indians and Europeans] that was not ratified by an oath. However. but the New England Puritans. Penn also believed in equally for women and encouraged women to speak out and to get an education. despite the Quakers being opposed to slavery. Quaker settlement in North America. William Penn fostered Peace and he treated all men as equal. near Kensington in Philadelphia. He also purchased land at a fair price. Quakers became so fierce that Penn decided that it would be better to try to found a new. under an elm tree. Penn had hoped that Pennsylvania would be a profitable venture for himself and his family. Some Quakers had already moved to North America. Old Main and Chemistry Building Second Street Bridge. an amount considered fair. He paid the Indians 1200 pounds for their land under the treaty. Delaware County National Bank. and that was never infringed. Penn would later be imprisoned in England for debt and. Penn explored the interior. at the time of his death in 1718. Penn’s equality beliefs did not include blacks as Penn did own slaves.

was secondary to the legislative body. And in 1696. Pennsylvania and Delaware separated into two provinces. Philip Ford. By the time he left for good in November of that year. However. and Richard. though when Penn returned in 1701 he would again revise this version. and he had nearly lost Pennsylvania through Ford's machinations. near Twyford in Berkshire. His financial advisor. the colony's Assembly was elected yearly and enjoyed a more powerful position than the governor. John. and other Pennsylvania Quakers. had cheated him out of thousands of pounds. Penn had wished to settle in Philadelphia himself. Penn died in 1718 at his home in Ruscombe. William Penn appears in the Capitol in the context of his famous . He tried to sell Pennsylvania back to the state. and after her death 1727 the proprietorship of Pennsylvania passed to their sons. His family retained ownership of the colony of Pennsylvania until the American Revolution. settling at his manor Pennsbury. but while the deal was still being discussed. Though Penn planned to stay in the New World.Griffin6 myth that sprung up around Penn. he was hit by a stroke in 1712. The event has taken iconic status and is commemorated in a freeze on the United States Capitol. However. Thomas. who despite his veto power. and was buried next to his first wife in the cemetery of the Jordan’s Quaker meeting house at Chalfont St Giles in Buckinghamshire in England. The next decade of Penn's life was mainly filled with various court cases against Ford. His wife Hannah managed his affairs until Penn died in 1718. after which he was unable to speak or take care of himself. William Markham's charter replaced the earlier 'Frame'. and in 1712 suffered an attack of apoplexy which disabled him. but financial problems forced him back to England in 1701. he did promote good treatment for slaves. but further political troubles in England forced his return. the story has had enduring power.

but rather for the manner in which these two issues converged in his dealings with Indians. if the slave to be freed would turnover to the Society two-thirds of the produce grown on land given them. He looked upon slaves not as property of a master but as a member of the family. was a creature of God. which did not include the emancipation which he had no intention to casting his servant but to have them living on or close to his estate. so he drafted two important papers that he did not show his family. One a last will and testament. He saw nothing wrong with controlling the labor of workman white. His first black Admiral was Sampon. regardless of skin color or social status. Penn granted all Blacks and Indians religious freedoms. black as long as they were fair and humane treatment: he insists that every human being. Three Years later. Penn and his fellow Quakers were the first to call for better treatment of Slaves long before the Europeans were thinking of slaves as human beings. In Gavelot's panel he is iconocized not for his Quakerism or even for founding of Pennsylvania. Penn colonies limited slavery for term years instead of a lifetime. among men. and other Pennsylvania Quakers He later tried to . to be released that if he died to liberate his servants. Penn later limit future slavery in helping to create the Free Society of Traders. equal in God’s sight and so entitled to equality. the Quakers were concerned about their souls. Penn view that the soul of a man was more important than his body. William wanted to assure that whatever happen that his slaves would be freed.Griffin7 treaty with Delaware. he acquired him while in Jamaica winning for the English Crown. William Penn did promote good treatment for slaves. Penn included a clause allowing freedom to blacks after fourteen years of service. At the time of before William Penn’s death he live and died as a Slaveholder. he wrote a new will.

William Penn greatest acclaim was for his 1682 “Great Treaty . but while still being discussed. Pennsylvania avoided starvation periods due to the fertile grounds Pennsylvania also had longer growing seasons compared to northeast.Griffin8 sell Pennsylvania back to the state. Pennsylvania also lack tropical diseases that the South had. freedom from restrictions on business. Pennsylvania growth was because of Penn success . . free press and trail by jury. William Penn assures Pennsylvania the right to private property. This was unheard of in other American colonies controlled by Puritans it was a crime. Quaker rejected the war. he had a stroke in 1712 after which he was unable to speak or take care of himself. Pennsylvania was known as a peace state there was no military drafts.

21 June 2011. EBSCO. EBSCO. Academic Search Complete. Academic Miller. Jani. 15 June 2011. Web.2 (2005): 258-261. "Penn's Elm and Edgar Huntley: Dark `instruction of the heart'. Rupert. "WILLIAM PENN AS A SOCIAL PHILOSOPHER (Book). "Benjamin West's Documentation of Colonial History: William Penn's Treaty with the Indians. Academic Search Complete. the Macmillan Company. EBSCO. 21 June 2011. Academic Search Complete. Ann Uhry. "WILLIAM PENN AS A SOCIAL PHILOSOPHER (Book).2 (1940): 252. 21 June 2011. 166 Krause." Art Bulletin 64.45 (2008): 70. Holland." Quaker Studies 9. 21 June 2011.Griffin9 Works Cited "Thomas Penn. Parsons. "Twenty-First Century Penn: writings on the faith and practice of the people called Quakers by William Penn.3 (1994): 463. Web. the Province of Munster: 1946Tully. "William Penn: A Biography. 15 June 2011. Perry. Academic Search Complete. Curtis. Alan. Web. 1965." American Historical Review 82." Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. William T. 6th Edition (2010): 1. EBSCO. 21 June 2011." American Literature 12. Abrams. EBSCO. Web. EBSCO. "Penn State's Williams is back with 'a bang'. EBSCO. Web. Web. Academic Search Complete.Search Complete. Kurki. Dave. Web. Perry. William Penn.1 (1982): 59. Academic Search Complete. "The Papers of William Miller.3 (1977): 730. . N." Sporting News 232." American Literature 12. Memorial to William Penn in Ireland." American Literature 66. Sydney J.2 (1940): 252.

I. EBSCO. References Kurki. Academic Search Complete." Quaker Studies 9." European Legacy 13. Web. Jani. Web. Web. Academic Search Complete. Web. The John Hopkins University Press. Annemarie. 15 June 2011. 21 June 2011. EBSCO. EBSCO. Dawn. Academic Search Complete.Academic Search Complete. 1977. Marsh. 250 United Europe from Erasmus to Kant. 15 June 2011. II. Web." Ethno history 56.4 (2009): 651-667. 21 June 2011. EBSCO. Donald.2 (1986): 253. 15 June 2011. Academic Search Complete. "Camp William Penn's Black Soldiers in Blue.2 (2005): 258-261.4 (2008): 401-411.4 (2008): 401-411. EBSCO. Tully. 1644-1679/The Papers of William Penn. Vancouver/ICMJE . Philadelphia. William Penn’s Legacy. 1680-1684 (Book Review). "Twenty-First Century Penn: writings on the faith and practice of the people called Quakers by William Penn. William Penn and the Founding of Pennsylvania. "How God Disappeared from Europe: Visions of a University of Press. 15 June 2011. Van Heerikhuizen. Alan. EBSCO. "How God Disappeared from Europe: Visions of a United Europe from Erasmus to Kant. 21 June 2011.5 (1999): 44. EBSCO. "Penn's Peaceable Kingdom: Shangri-la Revisited. Annemarie. Web." European Legacy 13.Griffin10 Penn. Soderland. Scott. Web. Vol." America's Civil War 12. Baltimore and London. Vol. Academic Search Complete. 406 Van Heerikhuizen. Academic Search Complete. 1983." Canadian Journal of History 21. Jean R.

"Faire Land of William Penn. EBSCO. EBSCO. Macmillan.Holy Experiment. Web. Harry. 21 June 2011. Web.3 (2010): 834-835. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. "The Story of "The Star-Spangled Banner"/William Penn: Shaping a Nation/America's First Highway. 1974.9 (2009): 180.Griffin11 Waskie." National Geographic 153.6 (1978): 730. . 451 Young. Academic Search Complete. 21 June 2011. Wildes." American Historical Review 115. Gordon. William Penn. Web. Nicole.. New York." School Library Journal 55. 21 June 2011. Academic Search Complete.

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