MasteringBiology: Assignment Print View

Ch 16 - Part I - Homework - Dr. No
Due: 11:59pm on Monday, November 7, 2011
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Activity: DNA and RNA Structure

Click here to complete this activity. Then answer the questions. Part A In the accompanying image, a nucleotide is indicated by the letter _____.

ANSWER:

C A D

whereas RNA contains phosphate groups. DNA contains five-carbon sugars. Correct (With some exceptions) DNA is a double-stranded molecule and RNA is a single-stranded molecule. whereas RNA contains thymine. DNA is double-stranded. Part C This is an image of a(n) _____. Part B Which of these is a difference between a DNA and an RNA molecule? ANSWER: DNA is a polymer composed of nucleotides. whereas RNA contains six-carbon sugars. DNA contains uracil. whereas RNA is a polymer composed of nucleic acids. whereas RNA is single-stranded. .MasteringBiology: Assignment Print View E B Correct B is indicating a single nucleotide. DNA contains nitrogenous bases.

and a phosphate group. . ANSWER: sugar nucleotide none of the above nitrogenous base phosphate group Correct Phosphate groups contain phosphorus. Part D The letter A indicates a _____. Part E A nitrogenous base is indicated by the letter _____.. a nitrogenous base.MasteringBiology: Assignment Print View ANSWER: none of the above thiol nucleic acid nucleotide amino acid Correct Nucleotides are composed of a pentose sugar.

. Part F You can tell that this is an image of a DNA nucleotide and not an RNA nucleotide because you see a _____.MasteringBiology: Assignment Print View ANSWER: C A B E D Correct This is a nitrogenous base.

Part H Which of these is(are) pyrimidines? . whereas RNA nucleotides are composed of ribose sugars. not a thymine nitrogenous base phosphate group. oxygen atoms uracil nitrogenous base. RNA does not. not a single-stranded molecule sugar with two.MasteringBiology: Assignment Print View ANSWER: double-stranded molecule. Part G Which of these nitrogenous bases is found in DNA but not in RNA? ANSWER: adenine thymine uracil guanine cytosine Correct DNA contains thymine. not a uracil thymine nitrogenous base. not a uracil nitrogenous base Correct DNA nucleotides are composed of deoxyribose sugars. and not three.

. 2' 1' . D.... 3' 1' .MasteringBiology: Assignment Print View ANSWER: B and C A and B B. 5' 1' . Part I In a nucleotide.... ANSWER: 2' . and E Correct Pyrimidines are single-ring structures.. and D A. . 3' Correct The nitrogenous base is attached to the sugar's 1' carbon and the phosphate group is attached to the sugar's 5' carbon. C.. B.. and C C. the nitrogenous base is attached to the sugar's _____ carbon and the phosphate group is attached to the sugar's _____ carbon. 1' 2' .

Part K In a DNA double helix an adenine of one strand always pairs with a(n) _____ of the complementary strand...MasteringBiology: Assignment Print View Part J Nucleic acids are assembled in the _____ direction.. Activity: DNA Double Helix Click here to complete this activity.. and a guanine of one strand always pairs with a(n) _____ of the complementary strand.. ANSWER: 4' to 5' 2' to 3' 5' to 1' 5' to 3' 1' to 5' Correct New nucleotides are added to the 3' end of a growing polynucleotide.. thymine Correct This is referred to as specific base pairing. . cytosine cytosine . adenine uracil . cytosine cytosine .. uracil guanine ... ANSWER: thymine ..

adenine cytosine . Then answer the questions... and a guanine of one strand always pairs with a(n) _____ of the complementary strand.. Part A In a DNA double helix an adenine of one strand always pairs with a(n) _____ of the complementary strand. ANSWER: guanine .... Activity: The Hershey-Chase Experiment Click here to complete this activity.MasteringBiology: Assignment Print View Then answer the questions. cytosine thymine . Part A This is an image of a _____. .. cytosine cytosine .. thymine Correct This is referred to as specific base pairing. uracil uracil ...

Part B Who demonstrated that DNA is the genetic material of the T2 phage? ANSWER: Meselson and Stahl Darwin and Wallace Franklin Hershey and Chase Watson and Crick Correct Hershey and Chase did a series of classic experiments demonstrating that DNA is the genetic material of the T2 phage. coli. . a type of phage that infects E.MasteringBiology: Assignment Print View ANSWER: red blood cell phage bacterium protist moneran Correct This is a T2 phage.

Hershey and Chase used a centrifuge to separate the phage ghosts from the infected cell. protein labeled protein . ANSWER: tail base plate protein coat head DNA Correct The T2 phage consists of a protein coat and DNA.MasteringBiology: Assignment Print View Part C The radioactive isotope 32P labels the T2 phage's _____.. ANSWER: labeled DNA . DNA labeled protein .. ANSWER: 32P 14C 35S 222Ra 92U Correct Hershey and Chase used radioactive sulfur to label the phage's proteins. DNA labeled DNA . They then examined the infected cells and found that they contained _____.... protein Correct .. Part E After allowing phages grown with bacteria in a medium that contained 32P and 35S. labeled protein labeled DNA .... which demonstrated that _____ is the phage's genetic material... Part D Hershey and Chase used _____ to radioactively label the T2 phage's proteins.. It is the DNA that contains P.

What else did he find that was significant? Hint A. not protein. DNA was the genetic material. Chapter 16 Pre-Test Question 1 Part A Griffith's experiments with S.1 Hint not displayed ANSWER: Radioactively labeled sulfur was present inside the infected bacteria. Protein could not be the genetic material. was the hereditary material. The transferred traits were heritable. Radioactively labeled sulfur was found outside of the infected bacteria. what was the key finding? Hint A. Chapter 16 Pre-Test Question 2 Part A In the Hershey and Chase experiment that helped confirm that DNA. Heat kills bacteria.MasteringBiology: Assignment Print View Since the phage DNA entered the infected cell. pneumoniae were significant because they showed that traits could be transferred from one organism to another. it makes sense that DNA is the genetic material. Correct The fact that offspring of transformed bacteria also showed the pathogenic trait meant that the transforming agent had to be involved with the genetic material. . Radioactively labeled carbon was present inside the infected bacteria.1 Hint not displayed ANSWER: A virus made the bacteria pathogenic.

Griffith found that ANSWER: the protein coat from pathogenic cells was able to transform nonpathogenic cells. Correct When the bacteria had been infected with T2 phage whose DNA was tagged with radioactive phosphorus. indicating that the labeled phage DNA had entered the cells. Chapter 16 Question 1 Part A In his work with pneumonia-causing bacteria and mice.1 Hint not displayed ANSWER: Griffith Franklin Chargaff McClintock Meselson and Stahl Correct Rosalind Franklin conducted these X-ray diffraction studies of DNA.MasteringBiology: Assignment Print View Radioactively labeled phosphorus was present inside the infected bacteria. . Chapter 16 Pre-Test Question 3 Part A Who conducted the X-ray diffraction studies that were key to the discovery of the structure of DNA? Hint A. the pellet of mainly bacterial material contained most of the radioactivity. Radioactively labeled phosphorus was found outside of the infected bacteria.

some substance from pathogenic cells was transferred to nonpathogenic cells. heat-killed pathogenic cells caused pneumonia. bacteriophages injected DNA into bacteria. making them pathogenic. DNA extracted from these cells is centrifuged. Correct Chapter 16 Question 3 Part A In analyzing the number of different bases in a DNA sample.MasteringBiology: Assignment Print View the polysaccharide coat of bacteria caused pneumonia. What density distribution of DNA would you expect in this experiment? ANSWER: one high-density and one intermediate-density band one low-density band one intermediate-density band one low-density and one intermediate-density band one high-density and one low-density band Correct . which result would be consistent with the base-pairing rules? ANSWER: A=G A+T=G+T A=C A+G=C+T G=T Correct Chapter 16 Question 6 Part A E. coli cells grown on medium are transferred to medium and allowed to grow for two more generations (two rounds of DNA replication).

11. Correct Correct! Read about Meselson and Stahl’s experiment in Inquiry Figure 16. half the DNA molecules were light (both strands had 14N) and half were hybrids (15N-14N). They transferred the bacteria to a medium with a light isotope of nitrogen. coli for several generations in a medium with a heavy isotope of nitrogen.88 out of a possible total of 24 points. Opposite DNA strands are complementary to each other. .MasteringBiology: Assignment Print View Chapter 16 Misconception Question 4 Part A Meselson and Stahl cultured E. 15N. You received 23.5%. The nitrogenous bases in DNA molecules incorporate both 15N and 14N. Score Summary: Your score on this assignment is 99. After two rounds of DNA replication. What did the researchers conclude from these results? ANSWER: DNA replication is semiconservative. 14 N.

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