Version 1.

0
12
th
July 1999


Sensor ( Basic/Advance )

i

CONTENTS


Overview of Sensor............................................................................................................................... 2
1. What is a sensor?........................................................................................................................... 2
2. Control Sensor?............................................................................................................................. 5
Proximity Sensor ................................................................................................................................ 10
1. What is a proximity sensor?........................................................................................................ 10
2. Major Characteristics .................................................................................................................. 16
3. Attention to installation and wiring............................................................................................. 20
4. Effective Use of Sensor............................................................................................................... 24
5. Other Sensors .............................................................................................................................. 26
6. Model Selection........................................................................................................................... 30
7. Terminology (to understand specification and performance) ..................................................... 34
Photo Electric Sensor......................................................................................................................... 37
1. What is a photo electric sensor?.................................................................................................. 37
2. Features by detection mode......................................................................................................... 45
3. Installation/ wiring ...................................................................................................................... 57
4. Effective Use of sensor ............................................................................................................... 61
5. Other Sensors .............................................................................................................................. 63
6. Model Selection........................................................................................................................... 67
7. Terminology (to understand functions/ performance)................................................................. 71
Maintenance of Sensor....................................................................................................................... 73
1. Simple check on breakdown (of control output) ......................................................................... 73
2. Predict Breakdown ...................................................................................................................... 75
3. Noise Prevention ......................................................................................................................... 79
Common Information ........................................................................................................................ 82
1. Output Mode of Sensor ............................................................................................................... 82
2. Precautions to wiring................................................................................................................... 84
3. Protective structure...................................................................................................................... 86
4. Mode of Adjustment.................................................................................................................... 88
Appendix ............................................................................................................................................. 94
1. Measurement ............................................................................................................................... 94
2. Examples of Sensor PC Connection............................................................................................ 96
3. Omron Sensor Selection.............................................................................................................. 98

















1

Sensor
Chapter 1


Overview of Sensor............................................................................................................................... 2
1. What is a sensor?........................................................................................................................... 2
2. Control Sensor?............................................................................................................................. 5



































Sensor Chapter 1

2

Overview of Sensor

1. What is a sensor?
A sensor is a device to detect changes in the environment such as energy, heat, light, magnet,
supersonic, etc. and convert them to electric signals.








































Change in the external environment Detect/convert Output signal/data

Heat Temperature
Changed
SENSOR

Light Light volume
changed

Magnetic
field changed

Alcohol Alcohol is
included

Drainag
e
Heavy oil
included
• Instruct machine to do
fixed operation by signal

• Display data in the
indicator


Electro
Magnetism
Sensor Chapter 1

3
(1) Applications


























(2) Sensor and human 5 senses

5 Senses Environment changes Sensor Others
Visual


Touch



Taste


Auditory


Smell
Light/ shade/ size/ shape/
change/ far/ near/ color

Pressure/ temperature/
pain/ itch/ contact


Sweet/ hot/ sour/
bitter/salty

Air vibration/ loudness of
sound/ high/ low/tone

Chemical composition of
gas
TV Camera
Photo-electric sensor

Thermometer
Proximity sensor
SW, Vibration sensor

Sugar measurer


Microphone
Supersonic sensor

Alcohol/ gas detector
Ultraviolet rays
Infrared rays

Electro magnetic waves
Static





Supersonic waves





Security Alarm
for invader/
destruction
Disaster measures
vibration sensor
Gas/Smoke detector
Disaster
Weather robot/
satellite/buoy
Pollution
Air monitor
Water quality
Telemeter
Environment
Traffic
Traffic control
system
New traffic system
Auto train control
device
Automobile
Electronic fuel
jet
Exhaustion
control
Anti-collision
Traffic
Bio measurement
Supersonic diagnosis device
Patient monitor device
Medical
Production automation
Automation
Chemical plant
Industry
Electric home appliances
Microwave oven
Auto washing machine
Electric blanket
Life
Air-conditioner
Color TV VCR
Housing/home Agriculture/Fishery
SENSOR
Visual
(Eye)
Smell
(Nose)
Taste
(Mouth)
Touch
(Skin)
Auditory
(Ear)
Food
Refrigerated food transparent
Hydroponics
Fish Farming
Sensor Chapter 1

4
-Memo-































Sensor Chapter 1

5

2. Control Sensor?
A sensor as a control component is to capture correctly and speedy data of an environment
where a machine is installed and data of products that are being processed, and then convert
those data to controllable electric signals or information that human can easily confirm.


(1) Role of sensor in automation

• Flow of control
































Sensor
Control PC
Output Conveyor
Signal transmission line
Signal transmission line
Sensor detects product
PC receives the signal
that product is coming
and judges that conveyor
has to be stopped
Conveyor stops
M
Product
PC
Signal transmission
line
Input
Sensor Chapter 1

6
• Application in Factory
<Pudding Production Process>






































e Photo-electric sensor
(Position Cup)
It detects the edge of a
cup and send a signal of
“Go Filling”.
h Proximity Switch
(Existence of contents)
It detects the contents
thru a cup.
c Photo-electric sensor
(Existence of film)
It detects the amount of
film left
d Limit switch (upper & lower
limit)
Mold goes up & down and
stops when it touches Limit
switch
f Level switch (surface level
of liquid)
It detects the amount of
hopper, and add the
necessary amount when
lower than required
g Photo-electric sensor
(marking detection)
It detects registered marking
and adjusts positions of cup
and printing.
Date Stamper
Sealing
Separator
Scrap Cutter
Marking Adjuster
Filter No.2
Filter No.1
Heater
Mold
Pudding
Sensor Chapter 1

7

(2) Type of sensor

Energy used Intermediary Type of Sensor
Power Micro Switch (M/S) Limit Switch (L/S)
Machine
Fluid Pressure Sensor
Photo Electric Photo Micro Sensor
Rotary Encoder Visual recognition device

Light

Visible Light
Infrared Rays
Displacement Measurement Sensor
Magnetic Field Proximity Switch Linear Proximity Switch Electro
Magnetism
Electro Field Capacitance Touch Sensor
Electric Electric current Electric conductor level switch
Heat Heat Thermometer
Supersonic Sound Supersonic (proximity) switch

(3) Use of sensor <basic function>

Used Function
Existence Detect existence of certain object in a specific area
Positioning Detect position in a specific point
Classification Differentiate length/size/shape/color by several criteria
Inspection Judge dimension/size/shape/color/shade etc/ according to inspection standard

(4) Sensor Output

• ON/OFF Output is ON or OFF when input value exceeds the value set (it may be
Called High/Low, 1/0)

• Digital Sensor input which changes itself continuously is output as digital value
such as BCD/BIN.

• Analog Sensor input which changes itself continuously is output as consecutive
value of voltage/electric current.











Select suitable sensor for your needs

Install the sensor properly

Real signal Correctly

Establish inspection logic

Implement in a good condition
Clarify

Object

Place

Purpose
Sensor Chapter 1

8
-Memo-

































9
Sensor
Chapter 2


Proximity Sensor ................................................................................................................................ 10
1. What is a proximity sensor?........................................................................................................ 10
2. Major Characteristics .................................................................................................................. 16
3. Attention to installation and wiring............................................................................................. 20
4. Effective Use of Sensor............................................................................................................... 24
5. Other Sensors .............................................................................................................................. 26
6. Model Selection........................................................................................................................... 30
7. Terminology (to understand specification and performance) ..................................................... 34



































Sensor Chapter 2

10

Proximity Sensor

1. What is a proximity sensor?
It is a device to detect object with no contact, making use of changes in a magnetic/ electric
field.













(1) Detection Mechanism
A proximity sensor create a net of electro/magnetic field and detects an object which enters the
field, just as a spider form its web and catches its prey.
The net is created by the magnetic lines originated from the oscillation circuit. When a
metallic object comes into the field, the magnetic lines get disordered, which is transmitted to
the oscillating circuit .The oscillating circuit will detect the object approaching and output the
decision.






















[Automobile detector in parking lot]

A big proximity sensor buried in the ground
near the entrance gate detects a car above and
sends a signal to the barricade
Detection
Caught
it !
Sensor
Magnetic field
Object
Object
Sensor
Magnetic field
Sensor Chapter 2

11
-Memo-












































Sensor Chapter 2

12
(2) Working range

















(3) Classification

• Detection mode and principles

Mode Principles

High frequency
Oscillation type
Inductance of detection coil
depends on the distance between
detection object and detection
coil, which will be incorporated
in the oscillating circuit, thereby
starts/ends oscillation and detects
the object. Most frequently used.

Differential coil
Same as above. It can detect a
subtle difference because it sees
the difference between detection
coil and comparison coil, which
enables long distance detection.








Magnetic
field type

Magnet Type
It opens/closes Lead switch, haul
elements by magnetic power of
permanent magnet. Need Careful
attention to low cost steel powder.


Electric
Field type

Capacitance
Changes in capacitance between
electrode and earth are
incorporated in the oscillation
circuit. It starts/ends oscillation
and detects an object. It reacts
with anything other than fluid


Detection Head
Detection
Detection
OFF
ON
Approach from the left Approach from the Right
OFF
ON
* Working range of sensor depends
on a range of magnetic field.
Sensing
Object
High frequency oscillation Elements
Sensing Coil
Sensing
Object
Sensing Coil
Comparison Coil
Open/close element AC source
N
S
Permanent
Magnet
Lead Switch
Cx
Sensing
Object
Open/close element High frequency
oscillation
Sensor Chapter 2

13
• Composition













Features
Amp separate type Easy to install/adjust
Amp built-in type
DC power can be used. Easy to connect with other electronic machinery
Power built-in type Built-in power. Easy to handle.

• Mode of output (See chapter 5.1)

• Shape

Classification Shape Features
Prism Type
Flat type
Micro Switch
No adjustment for installation position.
Shield type can be mounted in metal.


Cylinder type

Install with nuts/screw.
Shield type can be mounted in metal.


Pierce type

Pierced into detection loop head.


Gutter type


Easy to adjust installation position.


Plan surface type


A big sensor. Long detection distance.










Sensor part
coil, etc.
Amp part
(Amplifier)
Power/controller
part
DC Power AC Power
Non-contact output
Contact output Relay
C+C
Amp built-in
type
C
Amp separate
type
C+C+C
Power built-in
type
C C C
Sensor Chapter 2

14
(4) Features of Proximity Sensor

1. Stable operation, unsusceptible to water, oil, dust, light, etc..
Be able to use for machine tools splashed with cutting oil or food processing machine washed
with water (magnetic type).

2. Resistant to vibration and shock
Anti-vibration/shock since the whole circuit can be coated with resin.

3. Able to detect without any contact
Detection distance is bout 0-30mm. No damage on an object.

4. Higher speed/performance compared with limit switch
Long life and quick response.

5. Magnetic type is for metal detection, capacitance is for everything except fluid
Liquid in a paper cup can be also detectable.

6. Susceptible to magnet effect
High possibility of malfunction in an area where large amount of electric current flows such as
welding or electro magnetism.































Sensor Chapter 2

15
-Memo-



































Sensor Chapter 2

16

2. Major Characteristics

(1) Effect according to materials of object
















(2) Size of object and detection distance (Model E2E-XIR5E1)















(3) Thickness of object and detection distance (Model E2E-X10E1)















Steel
Stainless
Yellow copper
Aluminum
Detection
distance
x(mm)
Steel
Return
Working
Aluminum
Working
distance
(mm)
Thickness of object
Steel
Stainless
Yellow copper
Aluminum
Copper
≅ 100%
≅ 70%
≅ 40%
≅ 30%
≅ 28%
Sensor Chapter 2

17
<Reference>








✡ Whirling electric current in the object



















✡ Aluminum Case






















✶ Aluminum
Whirling current flows deep inside of an object
due to low transparent ratio. Small anti-magnetic
bundle occurs from the surface and inside as well.
Therefore a proximity sensor can only detect an
object within a short distance.

✶ Steel
Whirling current flows densely on the very
surface due to high transparent ratio. Therefore,
large anti-magnetic bundle occurs on the surface.
As a result a proximity sensor can detect from
the distance.
✶ Thick Aluminum
Whirling current flows deep inside an
Object and anti-magnetic bundle is small.
(Surface effect)
✶ Thinner than surface effect
Whirling current tries to flow deep inside an object
but thickness of aluminum is quite limited, so that
the current is stuck on the surface. The thinner a
plate is, the larger the current flows on the surface.
Detection distance is closer to that for magnetic
metal when it is less than 10m µ in thickness.

✡ Surface effect
Electric current flows equally in a conductor when
frequency is low (DC), but flows densely on the surface
and sparsely inside with high frequency. The higher the
magnetic transparent ratio is, the higher this tendency is.

Electric Distribution
High Frequency DC
Anti-magnetic
bundle
Magnetic
bundle
Whirling Current
Steel
A
Distance
Detection
Thickness
of plate
A: Surface effect
Area of whirling current flow
Magnetic
bundle
Whirling Current
Aluminum
A
Distance Detection
Anti-magnetic
bundle
Magnetic
bundle
Whirling Current
Aluminum
A
Distance Detection
Anti-magnetic
bundle
Anti-magnetic
bundle
Magnetic
bundle
No place for Current
Thickness of plate
Distance
Detection
Aluminum Foil
Sensor Chapter 2

18
(4) Structure of sensor and detection distance
















(5) Size of detection head and detection distance



































Shield (M30)
UnShield (M30)
Detection distance
20mm
Detection
distance
10mm
M8
M12
M18
M30
4mm
8mm
14mm
20mm
Sensor Chapter 2

19
-Memo-























Sensor Chapter 2

20

3. Attention to installation and wiring

(1) Effect of peripheral metal
When installing a proximity sensor, other metal than detection object itself will affect
detection performance of proximity sensor.










(Unit:mm)
Shield Type Unshield Type Type
Item
E2E-
X2D1
E2E-
X3D1
E2E-
X7D1
E2E-
X10D1
E2E-
X4MD1
E2E-
X8MD1
E2E-
X14D1
E2E-
X20MD1
l 0 0 0 0 12 15 22 30
d 8 12 18 30 24 40 70 90
D 0 0 0 0 12 15 22 30
m 4.5 8 20 40 8 20 40 70
n 12 18 27 45 24 40 70 90


(2) Mutual Interference
If more than 2 pcs of sensors are installed facing each other or side by side, they will induce
mutual interference against each other.






(Unit:mm)
Shield Type Unshield Type Type

Item
E2E-
X2D1
E2E-
X3D1
E2E-
X7D1
E2E-
X10D1
E2E-
X4MD1
E2E-
X8MD1
E2E-
X14D1
E2E-
X20MD1
A 20 30(20) 50(30) 100(50) 80 120(60) 200(100) 300(100)
B 15 20(12) 35(18) 70(35) 60 100(50) 110(60) 200(100)










Shield
m
l
m
∅d
m
n
l

UnShield
A
B
Note: The figures in ( ) are values when a model with different frequency is used.
Sensor Chapter 2

21
-Memo-




















































Sensor Chapter 2

22
(3) Protection structure (See Chapter 5.3)

(4) Wiring (See Chapter 5.2)

(5) Electric Leak
In case of 2-wire sensor, electricity is leaking even if the sensor is off. As a result, small
voltage remains in a load and failure for a load to return may happen

<Measures>
Connect a leakage resistance and bypass electric leakage that flows in a load, thereby make it
less prior to failure










































^ iR : Electric leakage of sensor (mA)
iOFF: Electricity for load to return (mA)
DC 2-Wire type AC 2-Wire type
Leakage
Permissible
Reference
DC12V: 450mW≤ x ≤15KΩ
DC24V: 0.1K≤ x ≤30KΩ
AC100V: 500W≤ x ≤10KΩ
AC200V: 20W≤ x ≤20KΩ
R≤
Vs
(KΩ)
iR - i OFF
R≤
Vs
(KΩ)
iR - i OFF
R≤
Vs²
(mW)
iR - i OFF
P>
Vs²
(mW)
R
Vs ~
Leakage resistance R
Load
Sensor Chapter 2

23
-Memo-













Sensor Chapter 2

24

4. Effective Use of Sensor

(1) Accuracy In Repetitive Detection
For an application such as positioning, the closer a sensor is put to an object, the more accurate
will be the result.














(2) Stable Detection
Set the distance within 80% of specified detection distance. The sensor is workable in all the
temperatures and voltage stated in the specifications.














(3) Safe Installation
An object is detectable regardless of whether it is positioned vertically or horizontally to the
detection head of sensor. However, it is recommended that the detection object should flow
horizontally to the detection head in order to protect the main body.











Vibration of
Machine
Divergence in
operation point
Proximity Sensor
Detection Head
Specified
detection distance
Object
Head
Head
Object
Flow
Flow
Sensor Chapter 2

25
-Memo-


























Sensor Chapter 2

26

5. Other Sensors



Example of Application


































(1) Capacitance Sensor
This is for indirect detection thru a container and detection of other object other
than fluid.
Surface of liquid inside a tank
Install a glass bypass tube in a tank and detect a
surface level in a tank.
(Upper
detection)
Capacitance
proximity sw
Model no.
E2K-C25ME
(Lower
detection)
Model no.
E2K-C25ME2
Pump
Discharge pipe
Tank
Bubble
Beer
Glass
tube
Poured milk inside a paper package
Detect existence of milk in an opaque paper
package.
Milk pack
Inferior
(W/O milk)
Pusher
Model no.
E2K
OK
(2) Specializes Sensor
• For aluminum
For non magnetic metal such as
aluminum and copper. Steel is
detectable.
Container materials detection
• For all metals
Non magnetic metal such as
aluminum or copper can be detected
just like steel.
Steel
Model no. E2EY
Alumi
Alumi
Alumi
Detection in a mixed line
Steel
Alumi
Copper
Stainless
E2EV
Sensor Chapter 2

27
-Memo-




















































Sensor Chapter 2

28




















































• Metal Piercing Sensor
Suitable for small metal detection
• Anti-spatter and -chemical sensor
Can be use in spatter or chemical
environment due to a sensor head
fabricate with Teflon.
+ Teflon is a registered trademark of
fluorine resin of Dupont and Mitsui-
Dupont Photochemical
• Anti-aluminum chips
Prevent malfunction from aluminum or
chips attachment.
Falling screws counting
PC
F2LP-W50M
Pool tank
P2LPWK4
• Resin case sensor
Protective structure base on IP68 resin
case which is excellent in anti-
water/environment
Lid detection
Washing
with hot
water
E2F
High humid
environment
Positioning in a welding workplace
Model no.
E2EQ
Multi-axes drill board
Drill
Aluminu
m Blick
Conveyor
E2EZ
Sensor Chapter 2

29
-Memo-
















































Sensor Chapter 2

30

6. Model Selection
(1) Application
Conditions Review Points
Applications

(2) Environment/ installation
Conditions Review Points
Applications
Anti-environment feature of proximity switch is superior to other switches. However, enough review is necessary for use in special
environment.
Installation
Installation method should be decide considering restriction from the machine, maintenance, and interaction with other sensors.
Others

(3) Electric Conditions
Conditions Review Points
Electric


Flow of
object
Intervals, speed
vibration
Detection distance
Temperature voltage
Response (response frequency
Object
Size, shape, plated or
non-plated material
Detection
distance
Ununiform passing point
Permissible error
Detection distance
Shape of detection point
(prism, cylinder, piercing or
gutter)
Temperature voltage
surrounding metal( shield
or unshield type)
Shape of part detected
Surrounding metal
Distance to part detected,
vertical/horizontal material
of metal
Prism, cylinder, piercing or
gutter
Surrounding metal (shield or
non-shield type)
Temperature/
humidity
Highest/lowest, direct
Sunshine, etc
Temperature, for high/low
temp, sunshade needed
Surrounding
Water, oil, steel chips,
special chemicals, etc
Vibration/
impact Size/ length (time)
Detection distance
Shape of detection point
(prism , cylinder, piercing or
gutter
Rigid type needed,
Installation method
Wiring method/ conductor surge Cable used, type of cable, length, anti-oil code,
shielded type.
Connection Method Cable tube wiring, tact wiring Direct withdrawal,
terminal connection Easier maintenance
Installation method Metal fitting needed, direct installation Bolt or
screw installation Easier maintenance
Place to install Easier maintenance, Space for installation
Economical
Price
Delivery
Standard item
Semi-standard
Economical
Duration of power-on
Frequency
O/P Load
Power Supply
Power Used DC (voltage fluctuations, electric current capacity)
AC (voltage fluctuations, frequency, etc.)
Choice of power mode
for DC
for DC+S3S, S3D2
for AC
Lead Resistance load…non contact control type
Conductor load…Relay, Solenoid, etc.
•Regular current, rushed current
•Working/return voltage (current) Lump load
•Regular current, rushed current, Frequency of
open/close
Choice of power mode
for DC
for DC+S3S, S3D2
for AC
Control output
Max current (voltage)
Lead current
Remained load voltage
Sensor Chapter 2

31

-Memo-


















































Sensor Chapter 2

32
(4) Catalog Usage
· Specifications/Performance
• DC 3- wire type (Model no. E2E-X[]E[])
M8 M12 M18 M30
Shield Unshield Shield Unshield Shield Unshield Shield Unshield
E2E-X1R5E[] E2E-
X2ME[]
E2E-
X12E[]
E2E-
X5ME[]
E2E-
X5E[]
E2E-
X10ME[]
E2E-
X10E[]
E2E-
X18ME[]
Size

Shield
Model

Detection Distance
1.5mm ±10% 2mm ±10% 2mm ±10% 5mm ±10% 5mm ±10% 10mm ±10% 10mm
±10%
18mm
±10%
Current/voltage*1,2
(Range of voltage used)
DC12~24V Ripple (p-p) less than 10% (DC10~40V)

Electric current consumed Less than 13mA
Detection object Magnetic metal (See Characteristic data for non-magnetic metal)
Set distance 0~1.2mm 0~1.6mm 0~1.6mm 0~4.0mm 0~4.0mm 0~8.0mm 0~8.0mm 0~14.0m
m
Standard Object FE
8x8x1
FE
12x12x1
FE
12x12x1
FE
15x15x1
FE
18x18x1
FE
30x30x1
FE
30x30x1
FE
54x54x1
Differential travel Less than 10% of detection distance
Respond frequency*3 2.0KHz 0.8KHz 1.5KHz 0.4KHz 0.6KHz 0.2KHz 0.4KHz 0.1KHz
Operation mode E1 type: load (working), E2 type: load (return)
Control output (open/close
capacity)
Max 200mA
Circuit protection Reverse connection, surge absorption, load short circuit protection
Indicator Operation display (Red LED)
Surrounding temp. *2 -40 ~ +85°C (without frozen condition)
Surrounding humidity 35~95%RH (without frozen condition)
Temp. influence Within ±15% of detection distance at 23°C within a range of -40 ~ +85°C
Within ±10% of detection distance at 23°C within a range of -25 ~ +70°C
Voltage influence Within ±1% of detection distance at voltage/current specified within a range of
±15% of voltage/current specified
Residual voltage Less than 2.0V (under load current of 200 mA with 2m cable
Insulation resistance More than 50m Ω (at DC500V mega) between current carrying parts and case
Dielectric strength AC 1000 V at 50/60 Hz for 1 min. between current carrying parts and case
Vibration Durability: 1.5 mm total amplitude at 10 to 55 Hz for 2 hours max. in x, y, z direction
Shock Durability: 500/s2
(abt 50C)
Durability 1,000 m/s2 ( abt 100G ) 10 times max in any direction
Protective structure Pre-wired type : IEC IP67 [JEM IP67G (anti moisture/oil)], connector type: IEC IP67
Pre-wired About 55 g About 65 g About 140 g About 190 g Weight
Connector About 10 g About 20 g About 40 g About 90 g
Case Stainless Yellow Copper Material is
Surface for
detection
PBT



*1. M18, M030 can be used at DC24V ±20% (Ave.) by uneven all-frequency commutator power.
*2. DC10~30V of voltage and less than 100mA of control output is recommended when M8 is used





C Power: AC or DC
C Sensing object: Confirm materials of object.
C Setting distance: Suitable distance is to be set considering installation place.
C Standard sensing object: Confirm size of object.
C Control output: Confirm if it is matching the load capacity actually used.
© Protective structure: Confirm if the sensor is suitable for the actual environment.





C
C
C
C
C
©
Sensor Chapter 2

33
-Memo-

















Sensor Chapter 2

34

7. Terminology (to understand specification and performance)

• Sensing distance/ detection distance











• Differential travel












• Set distance












• Standard sensing object










• A distance from a standard
Position for a sensor to activate
when an object is moved in a
specified way.
• A distance between sensing
surface without any errors due to
temperature and voltage and an
position that sensing object passes
by.
• Standard object to measure basic
features. Shape, size and materials
are set
• Difference between a distance to
activate and that to return.
Detecting distance
Detecting
surface
ON
T
a
r
g
e
t
Output
Proximity Sensor
Operating
point
ON
T
a
r
g
e
t
Output
Proximity Sensor
Release
position
OFF
Detecting
Surface
ON
T
a
r
g
e
t
Output
Proximity Sensor
Detecting
distance
OFF
Resetting distance
Proximity Sensor
Proximity Sensor
Standard target
(shape
Size
Quality of the material)
Reference Position
Differential Travel
Reference Position
Sensor Chapter 2

35
• Response frequency
















• Shielded













• Unshield

















Non Metallic
Detecting distance
Output
Proximity
sensor
Proximity sensor
Target
Proximity sensor
Target
• Output frequency per second to
respond to continuous operation of a
sensor
• Measurement method as the left
figure
• Magnetic bundle concentrate in
front and sides of sensing coil and
surrounded with metal
• Possible to be bury in metal
• Magnetic bundle come about widely and
sides of sensing coil are not covered with
metal
• Need attention to the ones installed in a
place where an influence by surrounding
metal is expected

36
Sensor
Chapter 3


Photo Electric Sensor......................................................................................................................... 37
1. What is a photo electric sensor?.................................................................................................. 37
2. Features by detection mode......................................................................................................... 45
3. Installation/ wiring ...................................................................................................................... 57
4. Effective Use of sensor ............................................................................................................... 61
5. Other Sensors .............................................................................................................................. 63
6. Model Selection........................................................................................................................... 67
7. Terminology (to understand functions/ performance)................................................................. 71
Maintenance of Sensor....................................................................................................................... 73
1. Simple check on breakdown (of control output) ......................................................................... 73
2. Predict Breakdown ...................................................................................................................... 75
3. Noise Prevention ......................................................................................................................... 79



































Sensor Chapter 3

37

Photo Electric Sensor

1. What is a photo electric sensor?
A device that uses transmitted light rays for detecting the existence of an object without
coming into contact with the object

<Application>











1) Attributes of light


























Photo electric
sensor
Counter
Motor
[Automatic door]
A floodlight light receiver is installed in
somewhere in front of a door where people
are to pass. When someone comes, the
light will be blocked, thereby the receiver
detects some existence and sends a signal
to the motor to open the door.

• Straight
Light travel straight in the air or water

• Reflection
Mirror or glass reflects directly the light
just as surface of sea or lake. White paper
reflects the light in every direction, which
is called diffused reflection
• Refractiion
When the light is thrown slantly onto the
glass or water, some is reflected and some go
straight, in which case the direction would be
slightly changed.
Air

Water
Mirror
Direct reflection Diffuse reflection
White
paper
Sensor Chapter 3

38
-Memo-







































Sensor Chapter 3

39
(2) Light Source

Light
<Direct > <Frequency modulated light> <Pulse modulated light>








• Color and Type















X-ray Ultra-violet ray range Visible ray range Infrared ray range












Time
0
R
a
d
i
a
t
i
o
n

b
u
n
d
l
e

(
l
i
g
h
t

b
u
n
d
l
e
)

Time
0
R
a
d
i
a
t
i
o
n

b
u
n
d
l
e

(
l
i
g
h
t

b
u
n
d
l
e
)

Time
0
R
a
d
i
a
t
i
o
n

b
u
n
d
l
e

(
l
i
g
h
t

b
u
n
d
l
e
)

100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1001
Green Light
Red Light
Laser
Pre infrared ray
Wavelength
(nm)
Sensor Chapter 3

40
-Memo-













































Sensor Chapter 3

41
(3) Classification
• Mode of detection
Penetrating type





























Features
Amp. Separate type Superior in minor change detection
Amp. Built in type Easily connect with other electronic devices using DC Power
Power built-in type Easy to handle, free power
Optical fiber type Detect minor change, can be installed anywhere.
• Output mode (Refer to Chapter 5.1)



Retro reflective type
Reflection type
Object
Floodlight
receiver
Recurring reflection board
Object
Floodlight
receiver
• Diffused reflection type
Object
Floodlight
receiver
• Limited reflection type
Floodlight
receiver
• Distance set type
Floodlight Light
receiver
• Structure
Sensor part
F
l
o
o
d

l
i
g
h
t

e
l
e
m
e
n
t

L
i
g
h
t

r
e
c
e
i
v
i
n
g

e
l
e
m
e
n
t

Amp part
(Amplifier)
Power / controller
part
Lens
Lens
Oscillate
Amplify
DC Power
Relay Contact output
Relay
Non-contact output
DC Power
AC Power
① ② ③

Amp separate type
①+②
Amp built-in type
①+②+③
Others
Power built-in type
Optical fiber type
Sensor Chapter 3

42
-Memo-




















































Sensor Chapter 3

43
(4) Features

1. Long sensing distance
Detection is done with no contact, so an object is seldom affected by detection.

2. No limitation on detection object
Detection is done by surface reflection, penetrating light, etc., so not only metal but also
glass, plastic, lumber, liquid, etc. can be detected.

3. Quick response
Detection means itself is high speed without machine-like movement, the response speed
is also very quick.

4. High resolution
Light is linear and wavelength is short, so that resolution is quite high. Suitable for small
object detection and high accuracy.

5. Visible detection area (Visible rays)
Light is easily condensed, diffused or refracted by optical means such as lens to make
diffusion, refraction. A sensor with adequate detection area can be chosen according to
detection object or environment.

6. Optical fiber can be used
Light can be thrown or received by optical fiber, so that it can be installed even in a
limited or dangerous space using optical fiber.

7. No magnetic influence
The environment where a sensor is installed is most likely a place where heavily leaked
magnetic exists. This sensor is not susceptible to this magnetic leakage, so it can provide
stable operation.

8. Vulnerable to oil/dust attached to lens
If a lens gets dirty, a beam of light will be scattered or blocked. In case a sensor is used in
such an environment with oil, vapor, dust, etc. filled in the place, adequate protection is
required.

9. May be susceptible to strong surrounding light
Normal lighting seldom affects the function of this sensor, but a strong beam like sun
beam may cause malfunction or damage a sensor, if the light receiver is exposed to the
beam directly.














Sensor Chapter 3

44
-Memo-




































Sensor Chapter 3

45

2. Features by detection mode

(1) Penetrating type (Thru-beam type)

• Detection Mode
Install the floodlight and receiver face to face. The light from the floodlight is received in
the receiver. When a detection object blocks the light, the light received in the receiver
will change. Detection is done according to this change.








• Features
• Stable operation and long detection distance (3-4 cm to 30-40cm)
• Sensing position remains the same even if the position where an object
passes by changes
• Luster, color, slant of an object seldom affects the function.

• Adjusting mode (see chapter 5.5)


• Operation Attributes

















<Parallel operating range>
<Excess gain - distance characteristics>
P
a
r
a
l
l
e
l

O
p
e
r
a
t
i
n
g

R
a
n
g
e

E
x
c
e
s
s

G
a
i
n

R
a
t
i
o

E3S-AT[]1 E3S-AT[]1
distance (m)
distance (m)
Oscillation circuit
+
IN
Brown
Black
Blue
Floodlight
Focus distance
+
OUT
Brown
Black
Blue
Receiver
Focus distance
Slit
Receiving Lens
Photo-transistor Photo diode Filter
Indicator
Floodlight lens
Light axis
Valid diameter of lens (D)
External
disturbance
rays
Indicator
LED
Light receiving circuit
Sensing distance (l)
-
-
Sensor Chapter 3

46
-Memo-







































Sensor Chapter 3

47
(2) Retro-reflective type

• Mode of detection
The floodlight and receiver in one unit. The light from the floodlight is reflected in the
reflection board installed in front of the floodlight and gets back to the receiver. When an
object blocks the light, the volume received by the receiver changes and thereby detection is
done.










• Features
• Sensing distance 3-4 cm to 3-4 m
• Easy wiring, easy adjustment of light axis (saving)
• No influence by color and slant of detection object
• Suitable for detection of minor change because the light go thru an
object twice
• If the surface of an object is a mirror type, the receiver will receive
reflected light from an object itself, which may cause the same status
for no object. This is prevented with MSR (Mirror surface Reflection)
function.

• Adjusting mode (see chapter 5.4)

• Operation attributes















<Reflector parallel operation >
<Receiver output vs. Set distance characteristics>
P
a
r
a
l
l
e
l

O
p
e
r
a
t
i
o
n

D
i
s
t
a
n
c
e
E
x
c
e
s
s

G
a
i
n

E3S-AR[]1 E3S-AR[]1
(Attached reflector: E39-R1)
distance (m)
distance (m)
Detection object
Filter
Slit Light receiving lens
Detection object
Receiving circuit
Oscillation circuit
Floodlight and receiver
LED
Photo transistor
Floodlight axis
Light receiving lens
Light receiving axis
Reflector
Brown
Black
Blue
Indicator
Sensor Chapter 3

48
-Memo-







































Sensor Chapter 3

49
(3) Diffused reflective type

• Mode of detection
The floodlight and receiver in one unit. The floodlight emits light, which hits a detection
object. The reflected light in the object goes back to the receiver. The light volume changes
accordingly and he sensor detects the object.








• Features
• Sensing distance 3-4 cm to 10 cm
• Any kind of object is detectable
• Easy to install
• Ratio of reflection changes according to surface conditions (color or
uneven) of an object and then detection conditions also change

• Mode of adjustment

• Operation attributes




















Filter
Slit
Light receiving lens
Detection object
Receiving circuit
Oscillation circuit
Floodlight and receiver
LED
Photo transistor
Floodlight axis
Light receiving lens Light receiving axis
Blind spot
Brown
Blue
Indicator
Adjust sensitivity
Sensing distance (l)
O
p
e
r
a
t
i
o
n

p
o
s
i
t
i
o
n

S
e
n
s
i
n
g

d
i
s
t
a
n
c
e

(
c
m
)

<Operation range > <Size of object-set distance characteristics >
E3S-AR[]1/AD[]2/AD[]3/AD[]8
E3S-AD[]1/AD[]2/AD[]3/AD[]8
distance
x(m)
distance (m)
Detection
object
<Receiver output-set distance characteristics
E3S-AR[]1/AD[]2/AD[]3/AD[]8
(White paper)
E3S-AD[]1/AD[]2/AD[]3/AD[]8
(Black paper)
Detection object
E
x
c
e
s
s

G
a
i
n
E
x
c
e
s
s

G
a
i
n
distance (m)
Detection object (black paper)
Sensor Chapter 3

50
-Memo-













































Sensor Chapter 3

51
(4) Definite reflective type

• Mode of detection
The sensor detects an object by the reflected light in the detection object as diffused reflective
type does. The floodlight and receiver are so installed that only direct reflection light is
received by the receiver. Based on the triangulation principles, only an object at a fixed
distance from the sensor is detectable.












• Features
• Detect subtle difference
• Detect an object in a fixed range
• No influence by color of detection object
• Susceptible to luster and slant of an object

• Operation attributes



















Photo transistor
Sensitivity adjustment
Floodlight beam
Receiving circuit
Floodlight circuit
LED
Circuit adjust
dial
Floodlight lens
Angle adjustment mechanism
Operation indicator
Floodlight
Floodlight
Sensitivity adjustment
Floodlight beam
<Operation range >
O
p
e
r
a
t
i
o
n

p
o
s
i
t
i
o
n

Y

(
c
m
)

O
p
e
r
a
t
i
o
n

p
o
s
i
t
i
o
n

Y

(
c
m
)

E3S-LS3R (ex.1) E3C-LS3R (ex.2)
Detection of object
Light axis
Detection distance
X (mm)
Direction of
object
Light axis
Detection distance
X (mm)
Light
axis
Sensor Chapter 3

52
-Memo-







































Sensor Chapter 3

53
Adjust sensitivity
Light receiving lens
Receiving axis
Receiving circuit
Oscillation circuit
Floodlight / receiver
LED
Photo transistor
Floodlight
axis
Light receiving lens
Marking
Brown
Black
Blue
Indicator
(5) Marking sensor

• Mode of detection
Light from floodlight is set to hit an object at 90° and the receiver is set to receive only
diffused light from the object. As a result, not influence by the luster but light/ shade can be
detected. Light source comes in red LED and green LED. It is necessary to choose one light
source according to an object and the color underneath it.











• Features
• Detect registered marking
• No influence by luster of object

• Operation Characteristics





















Ratio of reflection by color
Green source Red source
R
e
f
l
e
c
t
i
o
n

r
a
t
i
o

R
e
f
l
e
c
t
i
o
n

r
a
t
i
o

White Red Green Black White Red Green Black
Color
Color
Red Green
White - Red
White - Green
Red - Green
Black - Red
Black - Green
White - Black
Sensor Chapter 3

54
-Memo-







































Sensor Chapter 3

55
(6) Distance setting type (Definite type)

• Mode of detection
Basically same with marking sensor. Receiving elements of the receiver incorporate PSD
(positioning detection element) or photo diode with two parts. Set to detect an object within
fixed distance from a sensor Detectable according to light images from the floodlight.












• Features
• Seldom influenced by surface condition and color of an object
• Not susceptible to background

• Operation characteristics





















Detection range
Set distance
Set distance
adjustable
Floodlight LED
N: Near
F: Far
Light receiving elements (photo diode with 2 parts)
<Operation range characteristics >
O
p
e
r
a
t
i
o
n

p
o
s
i
t
i
o
n
O
p
e
r
a
t
i
o
n

p
o
s
i
t
i
o
n
E3S-CL1 E3S-CL1
Distance setting polium
Light beam
Sensing distance X (mm) Sensing distance X (mm)
White paper
Set distance 200mm
Black paper
<Size of detection object-set distance characteristics >
Standard detection object
(white paper)
Set distance
Sensor Chapter 3

56
-Memo-



































Sensor Chapter 3

57

3. Installation/ wiring

• Mutual interference
When more than 2 sets of sensors are used side by side, one may be affected by another, which
causes unstable output.

Preventio
n
Concept Penetrating type Reflective type

1

Use sensor with anti
intervention function
Use sensor with anti-intervention function when sensors are used
closely each other

2.
Attach anti-
intervention filter
Up to 2 units can be closely
installed using polarizing filter
3 Use sensor with anti-
invention function
Confirm parallel operation
distance characteristics stated in
the catalog and set the distance
between sensors 1.5 times as far
as the parallel operation distance
range.
Output may cause chattering just
before or after detection. Set the
distance between sensors 1.5
times as operation range.

4 Place floodlight and
receiver side by side
Up to 2 units can be closely
installed by placing floodlight and
receiver side by side






5 Change light axis Place the sensors as follow,
when sensors are to b put face to
face ( because chattering may be
caused even though they are
away more than detection
distance
6 Adjust sensitivity Low sensitivity improve the
situation in general
Same as left










Object
Sensors
Sensors
1.5 X L
Floodlight
Floodlight
Receiver Receiver
Object
Sensor
θ
θ
Sensor Chapter 3

58

(2) Installation surface/ background / external disturbance light

• Installation surface



















• Background






• External disturbance light







(3) Protective structure (see chapter 5.3)
(4) Wiring (see chapter 5.2)


(a
Sensing object
Floodlight Receiver
(a
(Diffused reflective type)
Floodlight/receiver
(b
Sensing object
Floodlight
Receiver
Light block
Change installation height
(Penetrating/retro-reflective type)
(b
Floodlight/receiver
Change installation height
Floodlight/receiver
Sensing object
Stay far
Background
(Low reflection ratio)
Attach hood
Change angle
Receiver
Light
source
Sensor Chapter 3

59
(5) Sensing object and response speed
Response speed is the duration from the point when the sensor detects and object to the point
when it send a signal. Response speed of sensor is decided depending on the size of object and
movement speed.

<How to chose response speed>

Existence detection

80% of response time for detection









• Positioning detection
• The faster the speed of the product that is to be detected, the higher
the accuracy the sensor must have
• The faster the response speed of the sensor is, the more vulnerable the
sensor is to noise.

• Relation with connected device
• If the response speed is too fast, the machine connected to it (such as
PLC may not be able to catch the signal.
• It is necessary to choose a sensor with adequate response speed to your
need and conditions
















Size of object (mm)
Movement speed of object (m/sec)
= Movement duration (m/sec)
eg) Size of object 1mm
Blocked duration 1msec
Movement speed of object 1m/sec


Sensor’s response speed 0.8~1 msec
Sensor Chapter 3

60
-Memo-










Sensor Chapter 3

61

4. Effective Use of sensor


(1) Detection of uneven surface
Tilt the sensor to avoid direct reflection in the film














(2) Detection of small object
Choose a sensor with small light spot.



(3) Detection of transparent object
Select retro-reflective type.



(4) Extend sensing distance of retro-reflective type
Use more than 2 pcs of retro-reflectors, which generate more volume of reflective light.















Reflection in
the object
Film
Reflection in the film
Sensor Chapter 3

62
-Memo-
















Sensor Chapter 3

63

5. Other Sensors

(1) Optical fiber sensor
It detects a small object. Installation place could be anywhere.

• Fiber structure















• Fiber structure

















• Adjusting method (see chapter 5.4)


Clad
Sensing object
Photo diode
Core
Floodlight LED
Inserted until
the end ?
Cross section at 90° reflective
surface ?
Locked already ?
Any extra pressure applied ?
Radius for bent within
specified range ?
No stain nor scratch on the head?
Fiber unit
Sensor Chapter 3

64
• Application







































Give it some
angle
Receiver
Attach lens
Upper
limit
Lower
limit
Sensing object: Non-processed fiber wire
Receive refracted light from wrinkle
Wafer conveyor arm
Wafer conveyor arm
Wafer conveyor arm
Reflected light
in the screw
face
Good
NG
① Detect broken tooth of drill
Usable for oil/chemicals-filled environment.
A thin drill teeth can be detected by teaching
without object.
② Inspect transparent food
package
Detect wrinkles in package. Install the
floodlight and receiver at a certain angle. The
light is diffused where there is wrinkle.
③ Detect water level of tube
Set the floodlight and receiver at a certain
angle and attach a lens only to the floodlight.
When the water level gets lower, the light is
blocked, thereby the accuracy is ±1mm
④ Detect non-processed fiber wire
Detect 1 mm diameter of transparent non-
processed fiber wire by wafer sensor
⑤ Detect wafer
Detect an object within a certain range by
definite reflective sensor. It receives direct
reflective light in the wafer
Wafer cassette
⑥ Detect screw hole
Detect if aluminum dyecast part is tapped.
Fiber is set at certain angle. Quite a small
screw hole can be detected.
Sensor Chapter 3

65
(2) Specialized sensors

• Fiber luster sensor
Stable detection of subtle difference in luster






• Anti-vacuum fiber unit
Usable in a vacuum tube. (Leakage: less than 1x10
-10
Pa m
3
/S)









• Liquid lens fiber unit
Anti-sulphuric acid/high-temperature (up to 200°C)













• LED /ON confirm sensor
The sensor only has the receiver and
catches the light from LED.
Use for indicator inspection






• Tape detection
E3X-NL
Vacuum tube Vacuum
condition
Outside
Lens unit
Vacuum fiber
(2pcs/set)
Fringe
Outside fiber (2pcs/set)
Amp. unit
• Detection principles
No difference in refraction
raito between teflon* and
the liquid in the liquid and
the light is emitted to the
liquid.
Big difference in refraction
ratio between teflon and
the liquid in the air and the
light is reflected on the
surface of object and
returns to the receiver
* Teflon is a registered trademark of fluorine resin of Dupont
and Mitsu-Dupont Florochemical Co., Ltd.
E32-D82F
Air
Liquid
Liquid
Air
• Inspect a segment
indicator
E3X-A11-8
Sensor Chapter 3

66
• Transparent detection
For glass wafer, PET bottle
Transparent bottle


















• Paper package
Detect liquid contents in the paper package



















• Anti-environment
Coated with Telfon superior in anti-oil/chemicals.
Round edge of lens fricks drops of water


*Telfon is registered trade mark of fluorine resin of
Dupont and Mitsui Dupont florochemical Co. Ltd.




PET, transparent bottle detection
E3S-R
PET bottle
Reflector
Milk detection in package
Milk package
Good
Light is
blocked
Light is
received
NG
Detect broken drill teeth
(in oil/chemicals-filled environment)
E3HQ-CT11/CT12
Sensor Chapter 3

67

6. Model Selection

(1) Points for good selection
Penetrating type Reflective type
Sensing Object ① Size and shape
(length x depth x height)

② Transparent ratio
(non-transparent, half-transparent,
full-transparent)

③ Movement speed V (m/s or
pcs/ min)
Sensing object ① Size and shape

(length x depth x height)
② Color

③ Materials (steel, lumber, paper,
etc).
④ Surface (rugged, luster)

⑤ Movement speed V (m/s or
pcs/min)
Sensor ① Sensing distance (L)
② Restriction on shape and size
a) Sensor
b) Retro-reflector for retro-
reflective type

③ Use of several sensors
a) Quantity
b) Installation pitch
c) Alternate installation

Restriction on installation (install
at certain angle to object)
Sensor ① Sensing distance (distance to
object) (L)
② Restrictions on shape and size

③ Use of several sensors
a) Quantity
b) Installation pitch

④ Restrictions on installation
(Install at certain angle to object)
Environment ① Surrounding temperature

② Use of water, oil, chemicals

③ Others
Background ① Color

② Material (Steel, lumber, paper, etc).

④ Surface (rugged, luster)
Environment ① Surrounding temperature

② Use of water, oil, chemicals

④ Others
Application
Application

Retro-reflective type
Sensor
Environment
L
V
Sensing
object
or
Sensor
Environment
L
V
Sensing
object
Background
Sensor Chapter 3

68
-Memo-







































Sensor Chapter 3

69
(2) Catalog Usage
Specific function/ performance
Penetrating Type Retro-reflective (with MSR) Diffused reflective type Mode of detection
E3S-AT11, 16, 21, 31, 36,
41, 61, 66, 71, 81, 86, 91
E3S-AR11, 16 , 21, 31, 36, 41, 61,
66, 71, 81, 86, 91
E3S-AD
23, 43, 73, 93
E3S-AD
13, 18, 33, 38, 63,
68, 83, 88
E3S-AD
11, 16, 21, 31,
36, 41, 61, 66,
71, 81, 86, 91
E3S-AD
12, 17, 22, 32, 37,
42, 62, 67, 72, 82,
87, 92
Current/ voltage DC10~30V including 10% of Ripple (p-p)
Electric current consumed Less than 40mA (floodlight
+ receiver) (abt 15mA
increases when turbo SW is
on)
Less than 30mA (abt 15mA
increases when turbo SW is on)
Less than 35mA Less than 30mA
(abt 15mA
increases when
turbo SW is on)
Less than 35mA
White paper 0~7 m 0.1~2m 0~10cm ( wide range) 0.1~20cm 0~70cm Sensing
distance
Black paper 0~7 m 0.1~2m 0.3~2.5 cm 0.3~2.3 cm 0 mm.15~33cm
Standard detection object
(white paper)
More than 7mm More than 30mm 10x10cm 20x20cm
Installation angle 3 ~ 15° 3 ~ 10°
Margin of difference in
sensing distance
Less than ±30%, -0%
Differential travel Less than 20% of sensing distance Less than 10% of
sensing distance
Less than 20% of
sensing distance
Sensing distance with
attachment
2.4m(E39-E6)
2.5m (2mm of slit)
1.1m (1mm of slit)
0.5m (0.5mm of slit)
10~130° (E39-R3)
7~60° (E39-R4)

Sensing distance with
attachment
2.4m(E39-E6)
2.5m (2mm of slit)
1.1m (1mm of slit)
0.5m (0.5mm of slit)
10~130° (E39-R3)
7~60° (E39-R4)

Smallest sensing object Less than ±2° (light receiving status at the specified distance on the
extension of machine axis)
Less than ±2°
Response time Less than 0.5ms both for operation and return
Control output Less than DC 30V 100mA (less than1 V of remaining voltage), open corrector (less than 0.4V or remaining voltage at 16mA)
Self diagnosis output Less than DC 30V 50mA (less than1 V of remaining voltage), open corrector (less than 0.4V or remaining voltage at 16mA)
(only for those with self diagnosis output)
Input voltage <NPN type>
Floodlight OFF : Short circuit or less than 1.5 at OV (less than1mA
of leaking current)
Floodlight ON : Open (less than 0.1mA of leaking current)

<PNP Type>
Floodlight OFF : Short circuit at + DC (+ side of power supply) or
less than –1.5 at +DC (less than 3mA of absorbed
current)
Floodlight ON : Open (less than 0.1mA of leaking current)
External
diagnosis
input
Response
time
Less than 0.5ms
Incandescent
lamp
Illumination on the light receiving surface: less than 5,000 l x External
diagnosis
input
Sun rays Illumination on the light receiving surface: less than 10,000 l x
Surrounding temp. -25~+55°(provided that it is not frozen)
Surrounding humidity 35~85% RH
Insulated resistance More than 20M l (at DC500V)
Anti-voltage AC 1,000V 50/60 Hz 1 min
Vibration Tolerance: 10~55Hz 1.5mm of double amplitude or 300m/S
2
(abt 30G) 20hrs each in X,Y and Z direction
Shock Tolerance: 500m/S
2
(abt 50G) 3 times each in X,Y and Z directions
Protective structure IEC spec. IP67, MemA4X (suitable for indoor use) R*2
*1. See M.S.R function and its effect on page 45.
*2. NEMA (National Electrical Manufacturers Association) specification


① Power: AC or DC
② Sensing distance: confirm if it is sufficient considering actual installation place
③ Standard sensing object : confirm size of object
④ Standard sensing object : confirm if it suits the load capacity actually connected
⑤ Protective structure : confirm if the sensor is suitable for the actual environment

















Sensor Chapter 3

70

Specifications
E3S-A type E3S-B type
No diagnosis Diagnosis (with timer/ turbo function
Diffused reflective type Diffused reflective type Penetrating retro-
reflective types
(with MSR
function) *1
10cm *2 20cm 70cm
Penetrating
retro-reflective
types (with
MSR)
10cm *2 20cm 70cm
Penetrating retro-
reflective types (with
MSR), diffused
reflective type
E3S-AT11, AR11
E3S-AT16, AR16
E3S-AT61, AR61
E3S-AT66, AR66
E3S-AD13
E3S-AD63
E3S-AD18
E3S-AD68
E3S-AD11
E3S-AD16
E3S-AD61
E3S-AD66
E3S-AD12
E3S-AD17
E3S-AD62
E3S-AD67
E3S-AT21
E3S-AR21
E3S-AT71
E3S-AR71
E3S-AD23
E3S-AD73
E3S-AD21
E3S-AD71
E3S-AD22
E3S-AD72
E3S-BT11, BR11
E3S-BD11, BT11
E3S-BR61, BD61
Type






NPN type




Model
PNP output

E3S-AT31, AR11
E3S-AT36, AR36
E3S-AT81, AR81
E3S-AT86, AR86
E3S-AD33
E3S-AD83
E3S-AD38
E3S-AD88
E3S-AD31
E3S-AD36
E3S-AD81
E3S-AD86
E3S-AD32
E3S-AD37
E3S-AD82
E3S-AD87
E3S-AT41
E3S-AR41
E3S-AT91
E3S-AR91
E3S-AD43
E3S-AD93
E3S-AD41
E3S-AD91
E3S-AD42
E3S-AD92
E3S-BT31, BR31
E3S-BD31, BT81
E3S-BR81, BD81
Light source Red LED
(70nm)
Red LED
(800nm)
Red LED
(700nm)
Red LED
(880nm)
Red LED
(700nm)
Red LED
(880nm)
Red LED
(700nm)
Red LED
(880nm)
Red LED
(770nm)
Sensitivity 2-turn endless polyum with indicator (see page 168)
Diagnosis function Self/ external
diagnosis
Self diagnosis
Timer 0~100ms OFF-delay variable adjuster
Turbo function Yes (with turbo SW) see page 169
Connection mode Code/connector Code Code
Mass 2m code : about 60g connector type : about 11g about 60g about 56g
Control output SW mode Darn ON or Light ON ( switchable ) Dark ON or Light ON
(wire-selectable)
Output mode Open collector electric current output (NPN or PNP)
Protective circuit Load short circuit protection, reverse connection protection, mutual interference prevention functions (except penetrating type)
Operation indicator Light indicator (red) and stability indicator (green); emission indicator (red) for emitter of penetrating type
Case: Polybutylene terephtalate
Lens/ indicator window: Denaturation polylyallylate
Materials
Mounting bracket: Stainless steel
Attachment Mounting bracket, sensitivity adjuster knob, screws , sensitivity adjuster cover, close-mounting place
(only for sensors with connector terminals) and reflector (E39-R1) (only for retro-reflective type)
Mounting bracketing
sensitivity adjuster
knob, screws,
sensitivity adjuster
cover, close-mounting
plate and reflector
(E39-R1 : only for
retro-reflective type)
*1. See M.S.R. function an its effect on page 45
*2. This is wide range type without turbo function




Light source: Choose the right source for stable detection
Timer: Confirm if it is necessary to make the signal longer for stable detection
when detection signal is short.













Several
The signal cannot be captured because it is
too short
Sensor
Extend the signal to Tsec so that the signal
can be received
Off-delay timer
T


Sensor Chapter 3

71

7. Terminology (to understand functions/ performance)
Illustration Explanation










Sensing
distance


Thru-beam





Retro-
reflective




Diffused
reflective

• Penetrating, Retro-reflective
Distance that is guaranteed to be set
considering temp. fluctuation and
condition of each product.

• Diffused reflective
Guaranteed for stable operation
considering temp. fluctuations and
condition for each product when
standard object white paper is used

• Actual figures in a normal condition
are longer for each type

Installation angle • Penetrating, retro-reflective, Range
of angle for operation possible as a
photo-electric sensor
Differential Travel • Diffused reflective
Difference in distance between
working point and return point. In
general it is indicated as a ration to
specified sensing distance .
Non-sensing Zone • Diffused reflective, Retro-reflective
Non operation area away from
floodlight area and receiving area,
around the lens surface.
Response Time • Time lag between ON/OFF of light
input and working/ return of control
output.




Floodlight Receiver
Sensing distance
Floodlight
Reflector
Sensing distance
Floodlight
Object
Sensing distance
Receiver
Angle
Floodlight
Floodlight
OFF
Return
ON
Operation distance
Object
Non-
sensing
zone
Receiving area
Floodlight area
Time to
return
(Toff)
Operation
time (Ton)
Light input
Control output
Sensor Chapter 3

72

Illustration Explanation


Blocked Operation


• Blocked Operation (Dark ON)
Output when bundle of light is shut
down.


Light receiving
Operation
(Light ON)


• Light-receiving Operation (Light ON)
Output when bundle if light increases











Surrounding
Illumination
• It is indicated as illumination in the
receiver’s receiving surface and also as
surrounding illumination which
changes ± 20° % to 200 l of receiving
output. This is not operation limit lighting
until malfunction occurs.




• Illumination on the surface is measured as
(A) in the left figure. External disturbance
light affects the receiver. Therefore, the
measurement of (A) is the basis of external
light disturbance illumination.




• Illumination in (B) and (C) is
indefinite because the degree of
influence on the receiver changes
according to set distance D and
reflection ratio in the white paper






M.S.R Function
(Mirror Surface
Reflection)
Light receiving function from retro-
reflector, using built-in polarized filter and
features of retro-reflector.

• The light which goes thru polarized
filter at the floodlight side, changes
into horizontal wave.
• The light which reflects in the
triangular pyramid of the reflector,
changes into vertical wave.
• That reflected light reaches receiving
element thru polarized filter at
receiving side.


No object Object
Working Working
No object Object
Working Working
Receiving
output 100%
Operation limit distance
Surrounding lighting
200l x receiving
output
Lighting (l)
Illumination on the receiving
surface
White
paper
Floodlight Receiver
Illuminator
Reflector lamp
Illumination on the
detection surface
White paper
Illuminator
Receiver Floodlight
Reflector lamp
Background illumination
Illuminator Reflector lamp
Receiver Floodlight
White
paper
Retro-reflector
Horizontal wave
Horiztontal
polarized filter
Floodlight
Receiving
part
Vertical polarized filter
Vertical wave
Sensor Chapter 4

73

Maintenance of Sensor

1. Simple check on breakdown (of control output)

Output Mode and Check Method Diagnosis
• NPN open connector output
• NPN corrector voltage output w/ built in load
*Normal condition :
Voltage measured changes from [L] to [H] when
no object passes by.

• Relay contact output *Normal condition
 measured changes from [L] to [H] when no
object passes by.









Install Resistance
between Brown
and Black and
measure voltage by
Tester between
black and blue
Measure voltage
between black and blue
R
Tester Blue
Brown
Black
Tester Blue
Brown
Black
Tc
Ta
Tb
Measure Resistance
between contacts by
Tester
Output Mode Voltage
Output Transistor
ON



Output transistors
OFF
[L]…less than 1 V
(remaining voltage)


[H]… Power
source voltage
Object Mode

Contact ON

Contact OFF
[L] …less than
30-40m Ω

[H]…More
than 100m Ω
V
V


Sensor Chapter 4

74
-Memo-











Sensor Chapter 4

75

2. Predict Breakdown

(1) Self-diagnosis function
In case of sensor with self-diagnosis function, it’s indicator or output indicates sensor’s
condition that changes according to environment or temperature fluctuations. Therefore,
preventive maintenance is possible.

• Photo electric sensor












Status of Indicator
Receiving/
Blocking
status
indicated by
Red indicator
Excess gain to
temp. change
indicated by
Green indicator

Self-diagnosis
output


Example of Diagnosis



I

Stable operation
(Excess gain:
more than
10~20%) (Green:
indicator ON)




II








Light-
receiving (Red
indicator: ON)








III











Output signals
if this status
continue for a
given duration



IV











Light-
blocking (Red
indicator:
OFF)


Stable operation
(Excess gain:
more than
10~20%) (Green
Indicator: ON)

I I III IV
V2 x 120%
V3
V2
V1
Light reception indicator
Stable indicator
Self-diagnosis indicator
Light ON output
Light ON output
Operation level
V2 x 80%
I : Stable reception level
II : Unstable reception level
III : Unstable blocking level

IV : Stable blocking level
* The light volume changes from
left to right for penetrating type
* The light volume
changes from right to
left for reflective type
Green Red
Operation Level x
L~1.2
Green Red
Operation Level
Green Red
Green Red
Operation Level x
0.8~0.9
• Slight disturbance in light axis due to vibration
• Stain on the lens
Stain
• Leaking light from object (Penetrating retro-reflective
type)
• Reflective light for floor/background (Diffused
reflective)
Object
• Influence by external noise
Sensor Chapter 4

76

-Memo-






































Sensor Chapter 4

77
• Proximity Sensor
















(2) External diagnosis input function
It can be confirmed that sensor’s working properly, if control output changes when external
diagnosis output is turned ON/OFF. If control output remains ON or OFF, the sensor may be
out of order. Thus, sensor condition can be inspected before actual operation by external
diagnosis input function.




















Proximity Sensor
100 80
(%
Specified detection
distance
ON
OFF
Green Indicator
ON
OFF
Red Indicator
ON
OFF
Control Output
ON
OFF
Diagnosis Output*
Non-detection
area
Unstable
detectio
n area
Stable detection
area
External diagnosis input
: OFF
[Blue (Black)-light Pink
(Gray) open]
Emit Light Control output OFF
External diagnosis input:
ON
[Blue (Black)-light Pink
(Gray) short circuit]
Stop emission
(create blocked
status by object
electrically)
Control
output ON
Control
output OFF
abnormal
normal
Before
movement
Floodlight
Brown (Red)
Brown (Red)
Light Pink (Gray)
External diagnosis
input
Receiver
Brown (Red)
Blue (Black)
Black
(White)
Control
output
Load
Receiver
Brown (Red)
Blue (Black)
Black
(White)
Control
output
Load
Floodlight
Brown (Red)
Brown (Red)
Light Pink (Gray)
External diagnosis
input
Before
movement
Sensor Chapter 4

78
-Memo-




Sensor Chapter 4

79

3. Noise Prevention
General prevention for each type of noise, as follows:


Influence Route and Prevention
Common mode noise
(Inverter Noise)
Installation stand (metal) conducts noise from its source











① Earth inverter motor (class 3)
② Earth the source of noise and Power supply (OV) by condenser (Film condenser
0.22 µ F630V
③ Insert insulator between sensor and installation stand (metal) (Plastic, rubber, etc.)
Radiated Noise Noise reaches the sensor diffused in the air
















1. Put shield board (copper) between sensor and noise source (Switching Power)
2. Keep the sensor way from the noise source as far a possible.
Power supply wire noise Noise comes from Power Supply wire













1. Insert condenser, noise filter, varistor, etc.




Prevention
Sensor +V
-V
Installation
stand (metal)
Noise
1 M
Inverter motor
Installation
stand (metal)
Sensor +
0
Noise
1 M
Inverter motor
Insulator
Prevention

Source of
noise
Sensor
+V0
V
Source of
noise
Sensor
+V0
V
Sensor
Noise
Noise
+V
0V
Prevention
Sensor
+V

0V
Condenser, etc.
Shield board (copper0
Sensor Chapter 4

80
-Memo-
































{ PAGE }
Sensor
Chapter 5




































Sensor Section 5

{ PAGE }

Common Information

1. Output Mode of Sensor









































• DC 2-wire • AC 2-wire
• DC 3-wire
(NPN open collector output)
• AC 3-wire
(NPN open collector output
• DC 2-wire
(NPN voltage output)
* When Tr circuit is connected
• Contact Output
• AC 3-wire
(PNP voltage output)
Sensor
Main
Circuit
Load
Brown
Blue
~
*Load can be connected with
either side of +V.0
* When Tr circuit is connected
Sensor
Main
Circuit
0 V
+V
Brown
Brown
Black
Output
Load
Tri *
0 V
Sensor
Main
Circuit
+V
Brown
Brown
Black
Output
Load
* Tri
Sensor
Main
Circuit
Load
0 V
+V
Brown
Brown
Black
Output
Sensor
Main
Circuit
0 V
+V
Brown
Brown
Load
Black
Output
Sensor
Main
Circuit
Load
Load
0 V
+V
Brown
Brown
Sensor main
circuit
Red
Blue
White
Black
Gray
Contact
Output
AC24-240V
DC12-240V
Power supply
Sensor Section 5

{ PAGE }
-Memo-

















Sensor Section 5

{ PAGE }

2. Precautions to wiring

Load short-circuit










• Miss-wiring










• Connection without load



















<AD 2-Wire>
<DC 3-wire>
Sensor
Load
+
-
(Load short-
circuit)
Black
Blue
Brown
Sensor -
+
(Load short-circuit)
Yellow
Brown
Load
<Polarity of power>
Sensor
Load
-
+
Black
(white)
Blue
Brown
<Position of load>
<DC 2-wire>
Sensor
Without
load
-
+
Blue
Brown
Sensor +
-
Yellow
Brown
Load
Blue
Sensor Section 5

{ PAGE }
-Memo-












Sensor Section 5

{ PAGE }

3. Protective structure
The specifications provided by IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission) is one of the
standards of sensor’s protective structure.










Class Protection degree

0

No protection

1
Prevent solid object of
more than 50mm diameter
(eg. hand)

2
Prevent slid object of
more than 12.5mm
diameter (eg. Finger)

3
Prevent wire/ solid object
of more than 2.5mm
diameter

4
Prevent wire/ solid object
of more than 1mm
diameter

5
Prevent fine articles that
may affect machine
operation or safety

6

No fine particles





Class Protection degree
0 No protection No protection in particular No testing

1
Rain No harmful influence by
water drops from above
Spray water for 10mins by spray device

2
Rain No harmful influence by
water drops from above;
within 15° to vertical line
Install water spray device slant-wise by
15° and spray water for 15mins (2.5 min for
each direction)

3
Rain No harmful influence by
water drops from above;
within 60° to the vertical line
Spray water for the area of 60° from the
vertical line by the testing device shown right

4
Splash No harmful influence by
water splash from any
direction
Spray water 10mins in every direction by
the testing device show right.

5
Water jet No harmful influence by
direct strong water from
any direction
Spray water for 1 min/ 1 m
2
of the surface
area, at least more than 3mins total by
the testing device shown right.

6
Stronger jet No harmful influence by
direct strong water from
any direction
Spray water for 1 min/ 1 m
2
of the surface
area, at least more than 3mins total by the
testing device shown right

7
Soaked in the water No water invasion under
specified pressure and
duration
Soaked it at 1m from the surface in the water
for 30mins

8
Submergence Usable in the water According to agreement between
manufacturer and user
___ ___
∅ 50mm
∅ 12.5mm
IEC spec. (IEC529)
JEM (Japanese Electrical Membership)
Class
F

G
Protective degree
Anti-oil



Oil-proof
No harmful influence by
oil drop/ bubble from
any direction

No oil drop/ bubble can
go inside
NEMA (National electrical
Manufacturers Association) Conversion
table from NEMA enclosure to IE529
(Reverse conversion not possible)
MENA250 ICE529
1
2
3
3R
3S
IP10
IP11
IP54
IP14
IP54
MENA250 ICE529
4, 4x
5
6, 6p
12, 12p
13
IP56
IP52
IP67
IP52
IP54
∗ IP67 of proximity sensor. In addition to the following tests,
sensing distance, insulated resistance were confirmed to satisfy the
performance by repeating head shock cycle 5 times: 1 hr in 0 °C water
← → 1 hr in 70 °C hot water.
** Condition of Proximity sensor E2F: natural condition within 10m
from surface in water
Water protection class
200mm
200mm
15°
0.07 l /min
0.07 l /min
2.5 ~ 3m
12.5 l /min
2.5 ~ 3m
100 l /min
1m
Protection class against oil
Protection symbol (Int’l Protection)

Protection class against solid foreign object
____ IP
IP
Sensor Section 5

{ PAGE }

-Memo-



















Sensor Section 5

{ PAGE }

4. Mode of Adjustment

(3) Penetrating, retro-reflective type

Sequence ①Reading A ②Reading B ③Set-up

Detection
condition


Volume for
sensitivity
adjustment


Indicator


Adjustment
Procedures
Turn the volume to the right
(Sensitivity up) Both Green
& Red indicators are on
⇒(A)
Put the object in the Right
place and turn the volume to
the left. Green indicator
goes off and Red indictor
goes off and then green goes
ON again ⇒(B). (Optional
sensitivity setting)

Then , remove the object and
confirm that both Red + Green
indicators go ON.

(2) Diffused reflective type
Sequence ①Reading A ②Reading B ③Set-up

Detection
condition


Volume for
sensitivity
adjustment



Indicator



Adjustment
procedures
Turn the volume to the right
(Sensitivity up) Both Green
& Red indicators are on
⇒(A)
Put the object in the Right
place and turn volume to the
left. Green indicator goes
off and Red indicator goes
off then green goes ON
again ⇒(B). (Optional
sensitivity setting)
Then, remove the object and
confirm that both Red + Green
indicators go ON.



w/o object
Operation
Operation
Reflector
Operation
Reflector
w/ object
w/ object
w/o object
Operation
Operation
Reflector
(A)
(B) (B)
OFF → ON
Stable level
(Green)
Operation
(Red)
OFF → ON ON → OFF → ON
ON Stable level
(Green)
Operation
(Red)
ON → OFF ON
Stable level
(Green)
ON Operation
(Red)
OFF → ON
Object
Object
Background
Photo-electric Photo-electric
ON → OFF
Stable level
(Green)
Operation
(Red)
OFF → ON ON → OFF
ON Stable level
(Green)
Operation
(Red)
ON → OFF ON
Stable level
(Green)
ON Operation
(Red)
ON → OFF
(A)
(C)
(B)
(A)
(C)
Sensor Section 5

{ PAGE }

-Memo-










































Sensor Section 5

{ PAGE }
(3) Fiber Sensor Auto-turning
• Set-up maximum sensitivity
Process Operation E3X-NT
1 Set fiber within sensing distance

2

Select “Teach” mode


3
Super-flashing function works. Adjust the light axis so that
edge of the floodlight fiber is on. (Flashing and buzz when the
light axis is off the course



4
Press Teaching button (more than 3 seconds)(regardless of
object existence)



Note: Buzz stops when teaching button is released


5
Set “Run” mode
Max sensitivity setting completed


Note: For this setting, sensitivity is automatically set regardless of the
situation of light-blocked or receiving.


6

Set the desired logical output by (L.ON/D. ON)

• Teaching Without Object
Process Operation E3X-NT
1 Set the fiber within detection distance

2

Select “Teach” mode


3
Super-flashing function works. Adjust the light axis so that
edge of floodlight fiber is on. (Flashing and buzz when the
light axis is off the course


4
Press Teaching button without object (0.5~2.5 seconds)




Note: Buzz stops when teaching button is released


5
Set “Run” mode
Teaching setting completes when the 1
st
object passes by.


6

Set the desired logical output by (L.ON /D. ON) switch

Note:
1. To detect dark objects in front of bright backgrounds, set the operation mode selector to D.ON.
2. If the set distance is very short (i.e., 0 to 12mm for the E32-TC200 and 0 to 4mm for theE32-DC200), no object
teaching is impossible due to excessive light, in which case, perform with/ without object teaching.
3. If the teaching button is pressed for more than three seconds, the sensitivity of the E3X-N[] will be set to maximum,
at which time the green indicator will be lit.
4. The sensor will be ready to detect objects in approximately one second after the mode selector is set to

Teaching indicator…Red→Green ON
Buzz (built-in……….Once for Red ON continues for Green ON
Teaching indicator…OFF
TEACH
RUN
TEACH
More than 3 sec
TEACH
RUN
L
D
ON
ON
TEACH
RUN
TEACH
Once
TEACH
RUN
L
D
ON
ON
Teaching indicator…Red ON
Buzz (built-in)………Buzz once
Teaching indicator....Red ON→Green ON
(Automatically off in one sec)
Sensor Section 5

{ PAGE }
• Teaching With and Without Object
Process Operation E3X-NT
1 Set fiber within sensing distance


2

Select “Teach” mode


3
Super-flashing function works. Adjust the light axis so that
edge of floodlight fiber is on. (Flashing and buzz when the
light axis is off the course.)






4
Place the object in the right place and press the teaching
button (1
st
time)










5
Shift the object and press the teaching button (2
nd
time)




6
Set “Run” mode
Teaching with and without object completed


7
Set the desired logical output by (L.ON/ D. ON) switch
Note:
1.Sensor memorizes the density that it learned in the teaching, even when power is off.

Teaching indicator…Red ON
Buzz (built-in)……….….Buzz (once)
Redo 1 to 5, the position object and set distance being changed

Teaching NG
Teaching indicator….Red ON→Green ON
Buzz (built-in) ……..Three times

Teaching OK
Teaching Indicator…Red ON→Green ON
Buzz (built-in) ……..Once
Teaching indicator…..Green ON→OFF
Penetrating fiber Reflective fiber Reflective fiber
Blocked status
Marking
Base
Penetrating fiber Reflective fiber Reflective fiber
Blocked
Marking
Base
TEACH
RUN
TEACH
1st time
TEACH
2nd time
TEACH
RUN
L
D
ON
ON
Sensor Section 5

{ PAGE }

(4) Luster Sensor Auto-tuning
• Two-point teaching
Process
Operation E3X-NT
1
Set the head within the sensing distance

2

Select “Teach” mode





3
Press the teaching button. The object should be there








4
Press Teaching button without object (2
nd
time)




5
Set “Run” mode
Sensitivity setting completed


6

Set the desired logical output by (L.ON/ D. ON) SW

• One-point Teaching
Process Operation E3X-NT

1

Select “Teach” mode




2
Press the teaching button. Where you need to detect
(Base or Object)



3
Set “Run” mode
Setting completes when the 1
st
object passes by

Teaching indicator…Red ON→Green ON
Buzz (built-in)……..Once
Object
Base
Teaching indicator…Red ON
Buzz (built-in)……..Once
Object
Base
Teaching OK
Teaching indicator…Red ON→Green flashing
Buzz (built-in)……..Three times
Teaching NG
Redo 1 to 4, the position of object and set distance being changed
Teaching indictor…Green ON→OFF
TEACH
RUN
TIMER
ON
OFF
TEACH
TEACH
TEACH
RUN
TIMER
ON
OFF
L.ON
D.ON
Teaching indicator …Red On

Buzz (built-in)……….Once
Teaching indicator…Red On→Green ON
TEACH
RUN
TIMER
ON
OFF
TEACH
TEACH
RUN
TIMER
ON
OFF
Sensor Section 5

{ PAGE }
4 Set the distance logical output (L. ON/ D.ON)

-Memo-



L.ON
D.ON
Sensor Appendix

{ PAGE }

Appendix
1. Measurement
Classification
Measurement
Machine



Sound

Frequency

Electricity


Magnet

Temperature

Humidity

Light


Chemistry


Information

Biology
Length, thickness, displacement, vibration, wind velocity, speed of current,
acceleration, revolving angle, rotation frequency, torque, moment, mass, weight,
size of current, power, pressure, vacuum degree.

Noise, sound pressure.

Frequency, cycle, phase, wavelength, time.

Electric current/voltage/power/load, resistance inductance, capacity, impedance,
electric magnetism.

Magnetic bundle, magnetic field

Temperature, heat, specific heat.

Humidity, hydration ratio.

Lux, luminous intensity, color, ultra violet rays infrared ray, light displacement,
interference, polarized light.

Purity, density , components, PH, stickness granular degree, specific gravity,
fluid, liquid, solid analysis

Analog, digital, calculation, transmission, correlation, shape.

Heartbeat, blood pressure, blood current, brain waves, blood current impact,
blood current oxygen glut degree, blood gas partial pressure, fluid amount, body
temp., pulse wave, electrocardiogram, electromyogram, electro retinagram,
magnetic-cardiogram.


















Sensor Appendix

{ PAGE }

-Memo-










































Sensor Appendix

{ PAGE }
2. Examples of Sensor PC Connection
Photo-
electric

Proximity
Sensor
output
spec

Sensor
PC Input unit (eg. 200H) Representative
Card #


E2E-XD-N
E2EC-[]D
E2E-W[]D
E2E-N[]D
E2E-Q[]D
E2EZ-XD
E2FQ-X[]D




DC 2-wire

Main Example

C200H-
IM211/212
C200H-
ID211/212
CQM1-
ID211/212/213


E3C-A/C
E3C-JC4P
E3C-A/B/C
E3X
E3S-LS[]C
E3L-LS[]C
E3L
E3V


E2E-X[]E E2C-
JC4AP E2E-
X[]C E2F
E2EC-[]C
TL-W[]C/E
TL-N[]E
TL-Q[]C


NPN open
collector
type
NPN
voltage
output
type
Main Example


C200H-
ID211/212
C200H-
IM211/212
CQM1-
ID221/211/212/
213


E3C-A/C
E3C-JC4rP
E3C-A/B/C
E3X-N
E3X
E3S-LS[]C
E3L
E3V


E2E-X[]E
E2CJC4AP
E2E-X[]C
E2F
E2EC-[]C
TL-W[]C/E
TL-N[]E
TL-Q[]C


PNP open
collector
type
PNP
voltage
output
type
Main Example

C200H-
ID211/212
C200H-
IM211/212
CQM1-
ID221/211/212/
213



E3JM-[]M
E3JK-[]M
E3E2



E2E-X[]Y
E2K-[]Y
TL-N[]Y
E2F-X[]Y




AC
2-wire
Main Example
C200H-
IA121/122
C200H-
IA221/222
CQM1-IA121
CQM1-IA221













Main
Circuit
Brown
Blue
I
n
t
e
r
n
a
l

C
i
r
c
u
i
t

I
COM
DC24V
Main
Circuit
Brown
Blue
I
n
t
e
r
n
a
l

C
i
r
c
u
i
t

I
COM
DC
12~24
Black
Main
Circuit
Brown
Blue
I
n
t
e
r
n
a
l

C
i
r
c
u
i
t

I
COM
DC
12~24
Black
Brown
Blue
I
COM
DC
12~24V
Sensor Appendix

{ PAGE }
-Memo-











































Sensor Appendix

{ PAGE }

3. Omron Sensor Selection
• Proximity sensor

















































General
Environment
E2EY
Detection of
Metal
Detection of
Presence output
ON/ OFF Output eg. Iron, Steel, etc.
Detection of
Non-metal
eg. Aluminum, Copper etc
Detection of all
Metal
Small Size
Cylinder Type
E2EV
Detection of
Metal/ Non-metal
Cylinder Type
E2K-C
E2K-X
Flat Type E2K-F
Adjustable sensitivity
Chemical E2KQ
Adjustable sensitivity
Ring Detection E2LP
Ring Detection E2LP E2LP
Analog Output E2CA
Fix sensitivity
Fix sensitivity
eg. Resin, Paper, Carton etc.
Sensor Appendix

{ PAGE }











































• Photo-electric Sensor

TYPES OF DETECTION
Cylinder
Type
General
Environment
Unsusceptible to
Cutting or
Drilling Chips
Environment
E2EZ
Chemical
Environment
E2FQ
Strong Magnetic
Field
Environment
E2Q
High
Temperature
Environment
E2FQ
E2E
Built-in Small
Amplifier
E2EC
Adjustable
Sensing Range
E2C
Flat type
TL-W
Square Type
TL-Q
Grove Type
TL-G
Built-in Amplifier
E2R
Low Cost
Compact Head
Small Size
TL-Q
Sensor Appendix

{ PAGE }













































Long Distance
Detection of Luster
Detection of Mark
Detection of RGB
Color
Positioning E3X-N_+E32 fiber
E3MC
E3MC
E3S-G
E3X-NL_/E3X+E32 fiber
E3C-VS/ VM
Long Distance
Short Distance and Small
Spot
E3X-NL+E32-S15L-1
E3X-NL+32-S15L-1/2
E3T
E3S-A/B
E3V3
Detection of Difference
Immune to Color change E3S-CL1
E3X-N_E32-L25A/L25L Minute Difference
E3S-LS
Connector Type
E3S-C[]-M1J
Small Size Type E3V3[]-M3J
E3S-A
RGB Color E3MC
Wire/Space Saving
Multi-4 Channels E3X-NM+E32 fiber
E3MC
Oil/Chemical
Special Environment
E3X-N_+E32-T12F/D12F
E3S-C
E3S-CL2
High Temperature E3X-N_+E32-T51/T61/TD51/D61/D73
E3X-N_+E32-T84S
Self diagnostic
Function
Diagnosis of
Breakdown
E3X+E32
E3S-A/B
E3C-JC4P
External Diagnostic
Input Function E3X+E32 fiber
E3S-A
General Purpose
E3S-B
E3S-A
Sensor Appendix

{ PAGE }









































E3V3
Long Distance
DC Power Supply E3S-C
E3JM/E3JK AC Power Supply
Space Saving
Separate Type
Small Size Type
E3X-N_/E3X+E32-T14/T14L/T24S
E3C-S
E3T
Diffuse Reflective
Type
E3X-N/E3X+E32-DL14L/D24/L24L
ESC-DS
Detection Distance
of 50 cm or less
Immune to
Background
E3S-CL2
Small Size type
(Small Spot)
E3S-LS
E3X-NH+E32-T17L
Minute Object
E3S-A
E3X-N_/E3X+E32 fiber
E3T
ESC-DS
Transparent/
Translucent Object
E3S-T
E3S-R
High performance E3S-CL1
E3C-S30
E3X-N/E3X+E32-T11/T12/D11/D12
Movement Durability
Liquid Contact Type
Detection of Liquid
Level
E32-D82F
Pipe Installation Type E32-L25T
Z4LA
Area Detection
E3X-N/E3X+E32-T16P
Liner Displacement
Z4LA
Z4M
Z4D-F
E3S-5E4S-45
Liquid Paper
Packaging

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