YEARBOOK OF STATISTICS SINGAPORE, 2010
ISSN 0583-3655

© Department of Statistics, Ministry of Trade & Industry, Republic of Singapore

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Ministry of Trade & Industry
100 High Street #05-01
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Republic of Singapore

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PREFACE

The Yearbook of Statistics Singapore, 2010 is the forty-third edition of an
annual series published by the Singapore Department of Statistics. The publication
provides a comprehensive, current statistical record of the key socio-demographic and
economic characteristics of Singapore. Users are able to get a snapshot of the Singapore
economy and population based on the latest available information.

Improvements are continuously made to the Yearbook to enhance its value
to users. New data series on topics of interest are added as and when appropriate. Since
1968 when the Yearbook was first released, the number of tables in the publication has
increased from 124 to 259.

In addition to this Yearbook, the Department disseminates official statistics
on Singapore through a variety of electronic services. These include the Statistics
Singapore Website, SingStat Time Series Online System and SingStat Express.
Internet users can now download softcopies of statistical publications via the SingStat
website without charge. For users who have specific data needs, the Department’s
Statistical Information Services offer personalized assistance on cost-recovery basis.

The data series in the Yearbook are compiled by the Singapore Department
of Statistics and other government ministries and departments, statutory boards and
private organisations. I would like to extend my deep appreciation to all the
organisations that have contributed to the success of this publication for the past fortythree years. I look forward to their continued support.

Wong Wee Kim
Chief Statistician
Singapore
July 2010

i

Our Vision
A National Statistical System of Quality, Integrity and Expertise. 

Our Mission 
We Provide Reliable, Relevant and Timely Statistics 
to Support Singapore’s Social and Economic Development. 

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ii

Yearbook of Statistics Singapore, 2010

CONTENTS

Page

Preface

Notes on Changes and Revisions

xv

Statistical Tables

1

i

Key Indicators
Climate and Air Quality
Demography
Labour and Productivity

1
15
19
43

National Income and Balance of Payments
Research and Development
The Corporate Sector
Companies and Businesses

61
81
87
93

Agriculture, Animal Production and Fisheries
Manufacturing
Construction and Real Estate
Services

97
101
115
131

External Trade
Transport and Communications
Tourism
Finance

147
165
177
185

Public Finance
Prices
Education
Health

213
225
245
267

Hawkers and Food Establishments
Community Services
Culture and Recreation
Miscellaneous

277
281
289
301

Information Dissemination Services

308

iii

LIST OF TABLES BY SECTION
Page

Key Indicators

1

1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5

National Income
Inflation, Labour and Business Costs
Manufacturing and Building & Construction
External Trade and Tourism
Transport and Communications

1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
1.10

Government Finance
Banking and Finance
Population and Land Area
Residential Dwellings
Vital Statistics

7
8
9
9
10

1.11
1.12
1.13
1.14
1.15

Employment
Health
Education and Literacy
Public Housing and Utilities Usage
Recreation and Public Safety

10
11
12
13
13

1.16

Other Social Indicators

14

Climate and Air Quality
2.1
2.2
2.3

2
3
4
5
6

15

Air Temperature and Sunshine
Mean Relative Humidity and Rainfall
Air Pollution Levels

Demography

17
17
18

19

3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5

Population and Growth Rate
Vital Rates
Mid-Year Estimates of Singapore Residents by Age Group and Sex
Singapore Residents by Age Group, Ethnic Group and Sex, End June 2009
Resident Age-Specific and Total Fertility Rates

23
24
25
26
28

3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
3.10

Live-births by Ethnic Group and Sex
Live-births by Birth Order and Place of Occurrence
Age-Specific Death Rates
Deaths by Broad Group of Causes
Age at First Marriage and Divorce

28
29
30
33
34

3.11
3.12
3.13

Age-Specific Marriage Rates
Grooms by Age Group
Brides by Age Group

34
35
36

v

Page Demography (continued) 3.1 4.2 5.6 4.14 3. Saving and Investment Gross Domestic Product by Industry Expenditure on Gross Domestic Product Private Consumption Expenditure vi 66 67 68 69 70 .17 3.16 4.3 5.5 Labour Force Age-Specific Resident Labour Force Participation Rates Age-Specific Resident Male Labour Force Participation Rates Age-Specific Resident Female Labour Force Participation Rates Employed Residents Aged 15 Years and Over by Occupation 48 48 49 49 50 4.8 4.5 57 58 59 60 61 Indigenous Gross National Income Output.14 4.16 3.18 4.15 3.21 Labour Relations 60 4.7 4.12 4.11 4.1 5.15 Active Central Provident Fund Members by Industry Employment Services Changes in Labour Productivity by Industry Multifactor Productivity : Contributions to Growth in Real GDP Average Monthly Nominal Earnings Per Employee by Industry 54 54 55 55 56 4.17 56 4.9 4.10 Employed Residents Aged 15 Years and Over by Industry Government Employees by Divisional Status and Sex Central Provident Fund Members by Age Group Active Central Provident Fund Members by Age Group Active Central Provident Fund Members by Wage Level 51 52 52 53 53 4.13 4.19 National Income and Balance of Payments 5.3 4.4 5.18 Marriages Registered by Ethnic Group of Couple Age-Specific Divorce Rates Male Divorcees by Age Group Female Divorcees by Age Group Divorces by Ethnic Group of Couple Labour and Productivity 37 38 39 40 41 43 4.4 4.2 4.20 Average Weekly Paid Hours Worked Per Employee by Industry Average Monthly Recruitment Rate by Industry and Occupational Group Average Monthly Resignation Rate by Industry and Occupational Group Skills Development Fund Value of Assistance and Training Places Committed by Type of Training Trade Unions and Membership 4.

1 6.10 Gross Fixed Capital Formation Gross Domestic Product Deflators by Industry Deflators of Expenditure on Gross Domestic Product Income Components of Gross Domestic Product Balance of Payments 71 72 72 73 74 5.13 5.1 9.6 6.15 5.5 Organisations Performing R&D by Sector R&D Manpower by Occupation R&D Expenditure by Sector R&D Expenditure by Area of Research.2 7.6 87 Total Equity by Industry Total Assets by Industry Returns on Equity by Industry Returns on Assets by Industry Equity Ratios of Companies by Industry Current Ratios of Companies by Industry Companies and Businesses 8.14 5.4 7.3 6.3 Production of Principal Crops Livestock Slaughtered Fish Supply and Auction 99 99 99 vii .5 7.9 5.4 6. Animal Production and Fisheries 97 9.11 5. 2008 R&D Expenditure by Type of Costs.3 8.4 89 89 90 90 91 91 93 Formation of Companies by Industry Cessation of Companies by Industry Formation of Businesses by Industry Cessation of Businesses by Industry 95 95 96 96 Agriculture.7 5. 2008 83 83 83 84 84 6.16 Stock of Foreign Direct Investment in Singapore by Industry Stock of Singapore's Direct Investment Abroad by Industry Stock of Foreign Direct Investment in Singapore by Region/Country Stock of Singapore's Direct Investment Abroad by Region/Country Exports of Services by Major Trading Partner Imports of Services by Major Trading Partner 76 76 77 78 79 80 Research and Development 81 6.2 6.2 9.1 8.12 5.6 5.Page National Income and Balance of Payments (continued) 5.1 7.8 5.2 8.3 7.7 R&D Expenditure by Major Industry in the Private Sector R&D Output 85 85 The Corporate Sector 7.

11 11.2 11.3 10. Supply and Occupancy of JTC Corporation Standard/Flatted Factories and Industrial Lands Services 12.12 115 Available and Vacant Private Residential Properties Supply of Private Residential Properties in the Pipeline by Development Status Approval. Construction Commencement and Completion of Commercial and Industrial Developments Contracts Awarded by Sector and Type of Work Progress Payments Certified by Sector and Type of Work Properties Under the Management of Housing and Development Board Residential Units Constructed and Sold by Housing and Development Board Residential Units Under the Management of Housing and Development Board.5 11.2 10.10 Value Added of Manufacturing Establishments by Industry Workers in Manufacturing by Industry Remuneration in Manufacturing by Industry Index of Industrial Production Indices of Unit Business Cost and Unit Labour Cost 108 109 110 111 112 10.7 10.9 11.2 113 120 121 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 127 128 129 131 Principal Statistics of Services Selected Averages and Ratios of Services viii 135 138 .7 11. 31 December 2009 Demand.11 10.4 11.1 11.1 12.8 11.8 10.Page Manufacturing 101 10.6 10.3 11. Construction Commencement and Completion of Private Residential Properties Available and Vacant Commercial and Industrial Properties Supply of Commercial and Industrial Properties in the Pipeline by Development Status Approval.5 Principal Manufacturing Statistics Selected Averages and Ratios in the Manufacturing Sector Manufacturing Establishments by Industry Manufacturing Output by Industry Total Output by Industry 104 104 105 106 107 10.4 10.9 10.10 11.1 10.12 Investment Commitments in Manufacturing and Services by Industry Investment Commitments in Manufacturing and Services by Country of Origin 113 Construction and Real Estate 11.6 11.

2 13.10 Air Passenger Departures by Region/Country of Disembarkation Public Roads Motor Vehicle Population by Type of Vehicle Car Population by CC Rating Age Distribution of Cars 171 172 172 173 173 14.9 13.12 14.1 13.5 Retail Sales Index Catering Trade Index Domestic Wholesale Trade Index 141 142 143 12.8 14.5 External Trade by Type Total Trade by Region/Country Imports by Region/Country Exports by Region/Country Domestic Exports by Region/Country 150 151 152 153 154 13.4 12.2 14.8 Foreign Wholesale Trade Index Business Receipts Index for Services Industries Revenue of the Information and Communication Technology Industry 144 145 146 External Trade 147 13.1 15.4 14.13 14.7 13.3 13.3 12.9 14.6 14.3 14.5 Sea Cargo and Shipping Statistics Civil Aircraft Arrivals/Departures.6 12.11 14.4 13.1 14. Passengers and Parcel Mail Air Cargo Discharged by Region/Country of Origin Air Cargo Loaded by Region/Country of Destination Air Passenger Arrivals by Region/Country of Embarkation 167 167 168 169 170 14.Page Services (continued) 12.14 Road Casualties Vehicles Involved in Road Accidents by Type of Vehicle Mass Rapid Transit Operation and Ridership Postal Articles Handled and Telecommunications 174 174 175 176 Tourism 15.7 14.6 13.7 12.2 177 Visitor Arrivals by Region/Country of Residence Visitor Arrivals by (a) Sex and (b) Age Group ix 179 180 .10 Non-oil Domestic Exports by Region/Country Imports by Commodity Section Exports by Commodity Section Domestic Exports by Commodity Section Re-Exports by Commodity Section 155 156 158 160 162 Transport and Communications 165 14.8 13.

9 Number of Financial Institutions in Singapore Assets of Domestic Banking Units Liabilities of Domestic Banking Units Loans and Advances of Domestic Banking Units to Non-bank Customers by Industry Assets and Liabilities of Asian Currency Units 191 193 194 197 198 16.7 Outbound Departures of Singapore Residents by Mode of Transport Hotel Statistics 182 183 Finance 185 16.20 Contributions and Withdrawals of Central Provident Fund Withdrawals of Central Provident Fund by Type Turnover on the Singapore Exchange (Equities) Pledges at Pawnshops Life Insurance Policies 201 202 203 205 206 16.14 16.19 16.6 16.2 16.25 Revenue and Expenditure Accounts of Life Insurance Funds Assets of Life Insurance Funds Premiums and Claims of General Insurance Funds Revenue and Expenditure Accounts of General Insurance Funds Assets of General Insurance Funds 207 208 209 210 211 16.3 15.24 16.5 Currency in Circulation Money Supply Monetary Survey Official Foreign Reserves Exchange Rates 188 188 189 190 190 16.18 16.26 Credit and Charge Cards 211 16.10 16.1 17.11 16.2 195 196 199 200 201 213 General Government Finance Government Finance 216 216 x .23 16.3 16.13 Public Finance 17.8 16.1 16.21 16.4 16.4 15.16 16.6 15.5 Visitor Arrivals by Length of Stay Tourism Receipts by Selected Tourism Generating Markets Average Per Capita Expenditure of Visitor by Country of Residence 181 181 182 15.12 16.7 16.Page Tourism (continued) 15.17 16.22 16.15 Assets and Liabilities of Finance Companies Finance Companies' Loans and Advances by Industry Assets and Liabilities of Domestic and Asian Currency Unit Operations of Merchant Banks Domestic Interest Rates Household Sector Balance Sheet 16.

9 19.7 18.7 19.3 18.5 Government Operating Revenue Government Operating Expenditure Government Development Expenditure 217 218 219 17. 2009 Enrolment in Government and Government-Aided Primary Schools by Level and Age Enrolment in Government and Government-Aided Secondary Schools and Junior Colleges by Level and Age Private Regular Schools.Page Public Finance (continued) 17. Students and Teachers Enrolment in Polytechnic Diploma Courses by Type of Course Enrolment in University First Degree Courses by Type of Course Graduates from Polytechnic Diploma Courses by Type of Course Graduates from University First Degree Courses by Type of Course Enrolment in Polytechnic Advanced Diploma Courses by Type of Course xi 252 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 .6 19.9 17.5 Consumer Price Index Consumer Price Index for Households in Different Income Groups Price Indices of Selected Consumer Items Average Retail Prices of Selected Items Domestic Supply Price Index 228 229 230 231 233 18.2 19.4 18.1 19. YA 2008 220 220 221 222 223 Prices 225 18.5 19.9 18.10 Singapore Manufactured Products Price Index Import Price Index Export Price Index Construction Material Market Prices Private Property Price Index by Type of Property 235 237 239 241 242 18.10 Sources and Uses of Development Fund Government Debt by Instrument Government Debt by Maturity Taxable Individuals by Assessed Income Group. YA 2008 Taxable Companies by Assessed Income Group.2 18.3 19.1 18.10 243 245 Enrolment in Educational Institutions Students and Teachers in Educational Institutions.4 17.3 17.4 19.11 18.8 19.6 17.6 18.8 17.12 Commercial Property Rental Index by Type of Property Price Indices of Non-landed Private Residential Properties by Locality and Completion Status 242 Education 19.8 18.7 17.

2009 263 Training Places Taken Up by Workers Under the Continuing Academic Education Programmes and Workers who Completed the Programmes.8 20.1 20.16 19.14 19.3 279 279 280 281 Grassroots Organisations Volunteers and Volunteer Groups Enrolment in Child Care Centres by Type of Programme and Organisation xii 285 286 287 .1 21.9 20.6 20.15 19. 2009 Government Expenditure on Education Government Recurrent Expenditure on Education Per Student 263 264 265 Health 260 261 261 262 267 20.7 20.13 19.1 22.3 20.5 Hospitals and Public Sector Clinics Hospital Admissions and Public Sector Outpatient Attendances Hospital Admission Rate by Sex and Age Registered Health Personnel Visits to Public Sector Dental Clinics 269 269 270 271 272 20. 2009 Training Places Taken Up by Workers Under the Skills Training Programmes and Workers who Completed the Programmes.Page Education (continued) 19.2 22.3 277 Licensed Hawkers Under National Environment Agency Licensed Hawkers Under Other Agencies Licensed Food Establishments Community Services 22.4 20.18 Enrolment in Higher Degree Courses by Type of Course Graduates from Polytechnic Advanced Diploma Courses by Type of Course Graduates from Higher Degree Courses by Type of Course Intake of Students/Trainees Under the Full-time Institutional Training and Traineeship Programmes and Students/Trainees who Completed the Programmes.11 Common Health Problems of Students Examined 276 Hawkers and Food Establishments 21.2 20.10 Notifications of Specific Notifiable Diseases Immunisation by Public and Private Sectors Immunisation Coverage for Children at 2 Years of Age Vaccination and Immunisation of School Children Student Medical Check-up 272 273 274 274 275 20.11 19.17 19.2 21.12 19.

3 23.1 24.8 23.6 Family Service Centres 288 ________________________________________________________________________________ Culture and Recreation 23.2 24. Pay TV Subscribers.4 24.1 23.3 24.7 Crime Cases Recorded Number of Bankruptcy Petitions/Applications.9 289 Television Licences.4 Public Assistance Recipients by Category 287 22.6 23.5 Residents in Old Folks’ Homes by Type of Organisation and Sex 288 22. Residents’ Committees and PA Water-Venture The Arts Registered Arts Societies and Companies Miscellaneous 293 293 294 294 295 296 297 298 299 301 24.5 23.6 24.Page Community Services (continued) 22.5 Water Sales Electricity Generation and Sales Gas Sales Waste Disposed and Recycled Fire Occurrences 305 305 305 306 306 24.7 23. Orders Made and Discharges 307 307 xiii . Book Collections and Loan of Library Materials Daily Newspaper Circulation Visitors to Places of Interest Utilisation of Sports Facilities Sports and Performing Arts Courses Conducted by Community Clubs. Rediffusion Subscribers and Cinemas Radio and Television Transmission National Library Membership.4 23.2 23.

xiv . are provisional and may be subject to revision in later issues. not available not elsewhere classified nil or negligible not significant NOTES Figures may not add up to the totals due to rounding.NOTATIONS na nec .. Values are shown in Singapore dollars (unless otherwise stated). particularly those for the most recent time periods. Some figures.

In this edition.4 Population and Growth Rate Indigenous Gross National Income Total Trade by Region/Country Imports by Region/Country Exports by Region/Country Domestic Exports by Region/Country Non-oil Domestic Exports by Region/Country Imports by Commodity Section Exports by Commodity Section Domestic Exports by Commodity Section Re-Exports by Commodity Section Postal Articles Handled and Telecommunications Price Indices of Selected Consumer Items Average Retail Prices of Selected Items Replacement of Existing Series Table 1.6 Table 13.3 Table 8. Labour and Business Costs Air Pollution Levels Changes in Labour Productivity by Industry Gross Domestic Product by Industry Expenditure on Gross Domestic Product Private Consumption Expenditure Gross Fixed Capital Formation Gross Domestic Product Deflators by Industry Deflators of Expenditure on Gross Domestic Product Income Components of Gross Domestic Product Stock of Foreign Direct Investment in Singapore by Industry Stock of Singapore’s Direct Investment Abroad by Industry Total Equity by Industry Total Assets by Industry Returns on Equity by Industry Returns on Assets by Industry Equity Ratios of Companies by Industry Current Ratios of Companies by Industry Formation of Companies by Industry Cessation of Companies by Industry Formation of Businesses by Industry Cessation of Businesses by Industry Business Receipts Index for Services Industries xv .3 Table 13.2 Table 2.4 Table 7.3 Table 18.NOTES ON CHANGES AND REVISIONS To maintain currency and relevance of the Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.1 Table 5.4 Table 13.7 Table 5.5 Table 13.7 Table 13.4 Table 12.3 Table 5.16 Exports of Services by Major Trading Partner Imports of Services by Major Trading Partner Addition of New Series Table 3.15 Table 5.10 Table 14.12 Table 7.3 Table 7.2 Table 8.7 Inflation.11 Table 5.3 Table 4. new series are added and existing series are replaced. changes have been incorporated in the following tables: Addition of New Tables Table 5.1 Table 8.6 Table 8.8 Table 5.8 Table 13.2 Table 13.4 Table 5.6 Table 5.5 Table 7.1 Table 13.14 Table 18.13 Table 5.2 Table 7.9 Table 13.5 Table 5.1 Table 7.9 Table 5.

7 Table 18.5 Table 24.12 Table 22.10 Table 19.9 Table 12.1 Consumer Price Index Consumer Price Index for Households in Different Income Groups Price Indices of Selected Consumer Items Enrolment in Polytechnic Diploma Courses by Type of Course Graduates from Polytechnic Diploma Courses by Type of Course Enrolment in Polytechnic Advanced Diploma Courses by Type of Course Graduates in Polytechnic Advanced Diploma Courses by Type of Course Public Assistance Recipients by Category Visitors to Places of Interest Water Sales Other Changes Selected data series have been discontinued in the following tables: Table 2.4 Table 23.2 Table 18.4 Table 19.3 Table 18.3 Air Pollution Levels Income Components of Gross Domestic Product Business Receipts Index for Services Industries Price Indices of Selected Consumer Items Average Retail Prices of Selected Items Enrolment in Government and Government-Aided Primary Schools by Level and Age xvi .Replacement of Existing Series (cont’d) Table 18.3 Table 5.1 Table 18.8 Table 19.3 Table 19.6 Table 19.

KEY INDICATORS .

272.7 68.5 2004 176.3 Percentage Change Over Previous Year 1999 0. 2010 1.148.5 4.2 52.1 247.8 13.0 7.549.7 7.980.3 56.3 .251 119.4 0.7 12.9 9.1 226.2 2006 219.8 2004 9.0 41.6 8.3 14.250.928.7 5.4 246.0 45.700.8 50.9 44.2 55.0 22.498.041.830.9 60.4 0.592.2 -4.115 132.476.7 81.9 -10.9 17.161.1 Year NATIONAL INCOME Gross National Income (GNI) $M Per Capita GNI Gross National Saving Gross Capital Formation Gross Domestic Product $ $M $M $M At Current Market Prices Gross Fixed Capital Formation $M At 2005 Market Prices 1999 145.4 16.802.3 6.575.4 2006 12.166.9 8.382.995.117.6 2007 16.5 19.380 73.3 13.0 41.4 2007 256.1 2005 10.583.3 1.2 151.410.9 2009 260.334.600.697.444.816 127.8 194.8 - -5.550.7 72.8 43.116.1 43.7 8.562.2 66.426.7 2005 194.6 14.919.6 47.1 -1.5 20.6 56.844 103.605.0 45.958.8 9.1 36.0 0.4 250.7 53.9 2008 6.2 10.0 -6.6 42.7 44.697 69.3 -3.425.6 2009 -4.2 208.379.537 86.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.763.4 2008 271.1 -12.7 49.

6 7.0 .0 95.3 95.1 2004 90.1 1.3 100.5 9.4 99.9 7.4 2007 2.0 92.9 100.1 103.8 -7.3 91.5 -15.7 5. 2010 1.1 91.0 93.7 97.3 6.5 5.9 Percentage Change Over Previous Year 1999 - 2.1 99.2 INFLATION.6 2.6 97.4 2006 91.6 103.1 0.4 -9.2 100.8 -0.0 86.8 0.9 -1.4 2009 0.7 - 2006 1.9 3.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.8 2007 93.0 1.2 97.2 109.5 0.2 102.2 -2.4 2005 90.8 104.0 97.8 107.8 109.4 -2.6 2009 100.1 10.3 108.7 -6. LABOUR AND BUSINESS COSTS Measures of Inflation Domestic Supply Price Index (2006 = 100) Unit Labour Cost Index Gross Overall Economy Domestic (2000 = 100) Product Deflators (2005 = 100) Manufacturing (2000 = 100) Unit Business Cost Index of Manufacturing (2000 = 100) Year Consumer Price Index (2009 = 100) 1999 86.0 5.0 110.2 109.1 2008 99.1 -4.3 -3.6 2004 1.7 2.0 101.7 -4.4 107.3 -3.9 98.4 95.4 77.6 96.6 -13.9 93.5 13.4 2008 6.2 4.3 2005 0.2 100.9 -8.6 1.4 88.

9 10.0 171.9 229. 2 Prior to 2002. of Units Million Dollars Office Space Shop Space Factory Space Warehouse Space Thousand Square Metres of Gross Floor Area 1999 8.1 8.6 -50.723.156 451 2008 18.3 -44.9 213.2 14.046.9 6.5 136.699.6 -73.9 -19.4 1 Refers to investment commitments in manufacturing (including servicing. Total output refers to manufacturing output and other operating income.6 27.7 -37.145 79 52 559 148 2005 9.625 223 2009 11.086.3 -66.6 11.4 11.8 86.0 40.4 6.282 20 76 830 212 2006 10.187.6 148.880.1 237.6 100.1 -32.5 13. 2010 1.7 9.2 23.1 94.3 2005 -7.8 9.0 4.432 143 241 1.1 -74.9 13.2 48.2 9.2 92.0 12.8 8.2 -39.806 82 34 810 139 2004 10.937.0 59.2 2006 10.9 955.0 4.0 28.168.603 3 36 549 124 Percentage Change Over Previous Year 1999 -2.402.7 46.3 -76.9 2008 5.8 14. HDB flats.5 43.2 17.239 744 135 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.753.8 13. 3 Data exclude hostels. With effect from 2002.2 253.3 131.6 -99.7 2007 65.2 -26.4 2004 23.636.4 217.5 420.1 -4. . data refer to establishments engaging 10 or more workers. tenement houses.4 10.1 -11.2 77.7 71.6 2009 -34.1 84.357.0 -4. data include establishments with less than 10 workers.380.7 20.3 9.8 91.8 90.886.5 5.3 MANUFACTURING AND BUILDING & CONSTRUCTION Manufacturing Year Investment 1 Commitments Total Output 2 Building Commencement Index of Industrial Production (2007 =100) Private Residential 3 Properties No. engineering and R&D) and services.2 191.2 -44.295 211 206 902 364 2007 17.0 263. Rubber processing and granite quarrying are excluded. parsonages and Executive Condominiums.5 95.

116.181.5 - 2008 9. 3 Refers to room-nights available for occupancy.8 14.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.5 450.6 10.289.414.5 10.8 2009 747.0 0.0 229.7 13.6 0.559.431. Excludes rooms closed for renovations and staff use as declared in the statutory forms.3 1.8 0.0 356.328.7 8.084.9 7.5 1. 2 Excludes arrivals of Malaysians by land.892.717.2 10.8 476.4 2007 846.4 155.964.5 19.615.722.1 215.0 -4.0 10.924.8 234.654.751.0 10.724.1 12.8 11.3 333.511.0 180.6 5.762.284.7 188.6 35.7 4.4 23.4 391.3 5.1 10.1 9.4 1.417.7 395.6 116.2 247.6 13.2 10.0 -19.7 9.141.7 335.958.8 5.8 382.447.7 2006 13.2 -16.6 2004 21.1 5.7 2008 927.6 293.2 Percentage Change Over Previous Year 1999 8.5 5.483.4 6.682.003.0 204.2 194.607.378.9 2007 4.2 227.2 450.2 12.299.1 191. 2010 1.5 4.1 2005 13.3 431.246.200.943.6 6.2 1 Prior to 2003.8 8.0 207.7 10.190. .532.2 200.324.952.509.4 EXTERNAL TRADE AND TOURISM External Trade 1 Year Exports Domestic Exports Million Dollars Total Total Tourism Imports Re-exports Visitor Arrivals 2 Available Room-Nights 3 Thousand 1999 382.7 175.627.6 16.6 10.9 77.4 -18.979.7 10.415.6 2006 810.0 2005 715.585.4 3.9 -1.2 9.8 9.190.6 -21.337.6 7.118.2 378.7 2004 628.115.144.7 2009 -19.9 20.7 9.0 15. data exclude trade with Indonesia.903.2 13.7 21.618.

393 167.192 4. data include all service-based operators. With effect from July 2004.582 904.622 188.341 281.0 -16.141 941. 2010 1.9 5.265 161.1 17.9 6.4 5.5 TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS Cargo Handled Year Air 1 Discharged Container Throughput International Telephone 2 Call Minutes Thousand TEUs Million Sea Loaded Tonnes General Bulk Thousand Tonnes 1999 756.6 8.111 24.5 19. diplomatic cargo and aircraft stores.8 6.2 -2.7 8.2 -13.6 2004 8.8 7.699 27. data exclude calls to Malaysia.939 905.945 859 2004 870.507 240.0 -1.131 2005 892.4 11.120 280.2 2007 1.553 137.8 6.991 29.8 na 2005 2.9 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.917 168.457 2009 846.8 1.951 25.349 191.5 4.349 15. .7 24.002 336.138 Percentage Change Over Previous Year 1 2 1999 16.2 2009 -11.8 6.6 9.671 787.0 12.896 314.867 10. Data exclude passenger baggage.7 7.303 2008 951.9 16.3 8.425 178.9 Refers to Changi Airport only.074 2007 963.935 6.329 4.003 23.771 743.580 262.536 21.1 8. Prior to 2001.1 -13.0 15.1 7.3 3. With effect from 2001.9 11.7 na 2006 6.876 958.918 8.2 2008 -1.873 930.2 -2.1 34.792 5. data include traffic contributed by new service providers such as International Simple Resale operators.778 2006 952.882 152.

7 17.5 -20.501.072.8 200.6 9.7 10.1 125.8 - Percentage Change Over Previous Year 1999 na -2. .598.464.5 206.482. With effect from FY2001.7 - 2007 39.1 9.411.106.879.7 206.2 9.2 234.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.3 8.116.515.777.8 19.1 14.8 291.2 186.8 291.8 8.1 - 1 Refers to receipts credited to the Consolidated Revenue Account and Development Fund Account.2 - 2008 41.7 -4.2 3.4 7. 4 Refers to end of year.3 125.907.2 - 2004 6. and operating grants.1 10. land-related expenditure items are no longer classified under Development Expenditure.5 4. 3 Excludes loans to statutory boards and industrial and commercial enterprises.8 8.777.5 19.2 3.1 - 2009 -8.4 13.4 11.4 - 2008 4.3 4.2 7.463. but excludes interest income.2 - 2005 28.5 20.6 - 2006 31.9 3.7 234.6 8.0 6.871.8 - 2009 37.5 13.598.611. investment income and capital receipts.9 3.2 10. 2010 1.501.2 - 2006 10.4 27.2 - 2005 6.9 255.6 6.590.7 6. 2 Refers to Expenditure on manpower.935.039.376.4 23.2 - 2007 27.7 3.5 14.1 29.2 9.438.7 28.438.005.464.8 255.6 200.345.005.982.674.351.9 13.6 GOVERNMENT FINANCE Operating Year Revenue 1 Operating Expenditure Development 2 Expenditure 3 Total Public Debt Domestic 4 External Million Dollars 1999 na 13.872.093.9 24.1 - 2004 26. other operating expenditure (excluding expenses on investment and agency fees on land sales).093.2 186.

3 1.586.9 52.5 -0.444.8 64.9 477.9 16.8 6.691.3 1.991.2 5.9 272.449.3 19.3 -5.244.7 5.308.6 63.2 9.6 6.2 6.597.0 9.8 93.4 1.087.8 10.1 206.085.6 Percentage Change Over Previous Year 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 1 Includes bills financing.1 166.4 22.5 21.9 111.3 14.472.9 12.7 425.2 72.241.5 5.297.6 75.1 1.8 19.321.500.4 23.2 Asian Currency Units US$M 56.6 314.3 223.5 2.4 8.396.176.9 21.7 -2.509.2 Million Dollars 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 174.8 136.6 -5.5 125.6 1.1 -18.6 10.158.1 8.4 869.5 9.462.6 233.975.0 208.718.162.7 2.495.4 12.3 183.0 668.7 581.5 7.066.5 14.0 912.3 29.7 8.175.356.991.1 8.781.265.064.6 12.4 698.2 6.7 6.243.1 952.109.6 27.5 2.667.454.346.5 -7.4 3.5 611.813.803.236.3 89.787.1 147.583.8 9.4 13.739.111.814.562.7 8.767.1 44.703.3 76.485.4 -6.507.150.7 5.0 3.1 128.860.029.8 12.0 192.845.1 13.298.2 5.4 11.0 8.742.1 -10.5 12.8 2.307.222.3 -8.0 -8.401.1 14.3 12.9 151.938.5 906.2 6.1 14.9 1.8 0.109.681.1 5.9 -13.4 281.393.2 Finance Companies CPF Loans & Advances for Deposits Hire Purchase on Motor Vehicles Housing Amount Due to Members 3.4 4.4 88.6 14.2 -22.3 41.8 347.6 59. 7.4 18.5 508.8 234.193.586.070.7 Percentage Change Over Previous Year 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 14.859.6 10.873.088.4 321.2 20.4 398.648.5 179.8 3.365.3 46.0 4.985.6 250.4 194.8 119. 2010 1.9 10.9 5.5 20.545.464.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.2 .045.226.6 14.1 78.5 2.2 14.1 2.1 -1.9 66.6 -4.3 10.4 391.1 -5.602.3 12.0 7.7 9.955.0 -1.6 3.587.804.7 BANKING AND FINANCE End of Year Money Supply (M1) Official Foreign Reserves Total Assets / Liabilities Domestic Banking Units Merchant Banks Finance Companies Million Dollars 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 31.5 6.6 183.5 5.0 272.9 582.4 25.3 2.0 263.4 2.377.242.4 2.1 -8.5 5.8 Domestic Banking Units End of Year Deposits of Non-Bank Customers Loans & Advances to Non-Bank 1 Customers -5.999.185.8 15.9 4.4 706.

9 RESIDENTIAL DWELLINGS Type of Dwellings 1 Residential Dwelling Units Year Private Houses HDB Flats Private Flats 2 Others 3 Per Cent of Dwellings Thousand 1999 1.4 39. 3 Refers to Singapore residents (citizens and permanent residents).64 years.583.6 6.6 2008 1.000 Females 1999 3.987.3 14.2 5.2 980 2009 4.2 13.9 6.401.5 983 2007 4.9 1. 5 The population estimates for 2004-2007 have been revised with effect from February 2008.9 710.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.7 37. 4 Residents under 15 years and those 65 years and over divided by residents aged 15 .9 5.2 2.5 Males Per 1.6 3.8 697. The resident population comprises Singapore citizens and permanent residents.5 1.133.525.292 36.112 35.229.155.7 2007 1.6 3. 2 The land area of Singapore comprises the mainland and other islands.163.8 3.9 36.5 6.2 77.9 2.1 38.166.839.2 76. Prior to 2002.5 986 2005 4.1 6.1 705.2 1.2 6.0 10.0 6.0 2005 1.4 3.9 699.3 696.7 2006 1.3 1.8 14.4 37.642.9 982 2008 4.144.1 985 2006 4. .7 81. 1.814 36. 2 Includes condominium flats.588.265.5 Age Dependency Per Square Kilometre Years Per Hundred Ratio 4.7 659.9 1. data are based on approved land lots.121.2 78.9 6.1 2004 1.733.7 3. 2010 1.1 6.5 Land Area Resident 2 Square Kilometres Thousand Population Density Median 3.508 36. shophouses and attap/zinc-roofed houses.6 1.413. 3 Includes other public flats.3 78.999 33.6 41.7 710.8 12.3 6.000 2004 4.985 35.5 Sex Ratio 3.0 6.7 3.2 77.3 7. 2004-2009 are from the National Database on Dwellings.5 14.140.8 39.6 2009 1.002.958.5 976 1 Total population comprises Singapore residents and non-residents.467.6 1 Data for 1999.6 6.022 36.8 POPULATION AND LAND AREA Mid-Year Population Year Total 1. data are based on land owned parcels.3 77. From 2002.4 3.7 15.

6 5.10 VITAL STATISTICS Rate of Natural 2 Increase Population Year Growth Rate 1 Crude Birth Rate Crude Death 2 Rate 2 Per 1.6 9.4 18.8 18. 1 The population estimates for 2004-2007 have been revised with effect from February 2008.3 56.341.0 74.61 2005 1.3 1.4 2.9 10.8 10.939.47 0.0 3.1 2009 3.8 50.3 56. 2010 1.0 76.367.4 2.9 10.4 2.8 2005 2.030.3 4.3 Year Resident Labour Force Participation Rate1.9 2006 2.9 4.3 19.11 EMPLOYMENT Labour 1.3 54. .5 3.6 19.3 3.8 2008 2.2 4.3 2.26 0.0 1.3 12.6 5.2 65.8 10.2 1.1 77.3 Total Males Thousand Females CPF Contributors in Labour Force Union Members Among Employed Per Cent 1999 2.3 65.28 0.710.7 5.26 0. 2 Data for 2004-2006 have been revised following the revision of population estimates.22 0.0 58.3 18.28 0. 1 Refers to persons aged 15 years and over in June of the respective years.1 1.3 63.2 54.7 55.1 1.9 3.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.7 5.2 4.7 51.59 Note : Data refer to Singapore residents (citizens and permanent residents).29 0.4 13.3 55.4 2.62 2007 1.2 65.5 2007 2.8 64.1 55.1 1.6 63.7 65.5 2.000 Live-births Per 1.2 57.594.208.7 2.3 2.5 5.3 4. 1. which are from General Household Survey.0 76.4 76. 3 Data are sourced from Labour Force Survey.6 2004 2.6 54.8 4. 2 Refers to seasonally adjusted unemployment rates in June.62 2008 1. Ministry of Manpower except for 2005.1 2.000 Population Per Cent Infant Mortality Total Fertility 2 Rate Rate Gross Reproduction 2 Rate Per Female 1999 1.0 18.3 75.70 2004 1.2 54.6 1.3 4.3 Force Unemployment Rate 2.6 8.9 10.1 Note: Data for 2007 have been adjusted following the revision of population estimates.61 2006 1.62 2009 2.9 2.6 76.4 52.4 5.

6 75.6 78.6 16 3 47 440 2007 80.4 83.1 82.9 16 3 48 481 2008 80.6 79. 2 .9 78.1 77.3 77.6 13 2 39 275 2004 79.7 17 3 53 750 Note: Data for 2004-2006 have been revised following the revision of population estimates completed in February 2008. Refers to only government health expenditure which includes government subventions to restructured hospitals.0 16 3 46 412 2005 80.1 82.4 79. 1 Refers to registered and enrolled nurses. 2010 1.000 Population Dollar 1999 77. 2 Excludes expenditure of restructured hospitals.0 83.6 77.3 16 3 49 561 2009 81.6 82.8 82.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.12 HEALTH Life Expectancy at Birth Doctors Year Total Males Dentists Nurses Females 1 Per Capita Government Expenditure on Health Years Per 10.5 16 3 46 414 2006 80.

4 95.258 Includes pupils and teachers in Government. 11 Data for 2004-2006 have been revised following the revision of population estimates.837 10.3 8.11 Per Cent Number % with Secondary or Higher Qualification 1999 27 19 87. Prior to 2003. 10 With effect from 2003. Defined as resident students enrolled in primary.1 94.5 8.159 12.323 21. Nanyang Technological University (NTU) and Singapore Management University (SMU).2 8.083 18.2 50.7 10. Independent.11 Polytechnic 9 University 10 Number 1999 96.7 95.2 91.7 8.6 87.0 2005 24 19 93. With effect from 2007.4 9. data include graduates from Republic Polytechnic.6 94.7 63.037 10.5 10.341 11.1 92.493 2008 97.7 94.6 96.13 EDUCATION AND LITERACY Pupils Per Teacher Year Primary 1 Residents Aged 25 Years & Over 4 Combined Gross Enrolment Secondary Ratio Literacy Rate Mean Years of Schooling 2.7 2008 21 18 96.772 2009 97. 3 Refers to resident population aged 15 years and over. Specialised Independent and Specialised Schools.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.0 92. 6 At least 3 'O' level passes.8 95.633 17.4 96.7 9. secondary and pre-university classes.5 10. 5 Data refer to students eligible for admission to secondary schools.2 92.309 2006 97.819 20.3 58.2 2009 20 16 96. 4 Data refer to non-students.545 2005 97.2 Passes At Year PSLE 5 GCE 'O' Level Annual Output 6 GCE 'A' Level 7 ITE 8 Per Cent 1 2 3.071 10.553 11.1 94.1 95. Institute of Technical Education (ITE) and tertiary institutions divided by resident population aged 6-20 years. data refer to first degree graduates from NUS and NTU.1 86.1 90.2 9. Data from 2005 onwards include private educational institutes.7 63.1 9. 9 With effect from 2006. data refer to first degree graduates from National University of Singapore (NUS).247 18.7 95.0 9.641 9. 2010 1.4 2006 23 18 95. 8 Refers to trainees who completed full-time institutional training or traineeship programmes.486 18. . the percentage calculated is based on students who have at least 3 Higher 2 (H2) passes and a pass in GP or Knowledge & Inquiry (KI).1 95.3 59.6 87.501 14.3 9.3 2004 24 19 88.9 56.9 87.710 2007 97.9 11.463 2004 97.4 59. 7 At least 2 'A' and 2 'AO' level passes including General Paper (GP). Government-aided.8 2007 22 18 96.

Refers to percentage of sold flats over total units under management.143 95 82 80 1.490 371 756 2007 116 203 3. CDs.448 95 81 79 1. .350. data include materials borrowed from public libraries only.748 326 684 2009 139 196 3.15 Year RECREATION AND PUBLIC SAFETY Pay TV Subscribers 1 TV Licences Cinema Attendances Loan of Library Materials 2 Per 1. data include materials borrowed from public libraries.14 PUBLIC HOUSING AND UTILITIES USAGE Public Housing Year 1 Per Cent of Population 4 Living in Public Flats Per Cent 3 Total 2 Home-Ownership Number Managed Domestic Electricity Consumption 5 Per Person Public Flats Home-Ownership Flats Kilowatt Hour 1999 823.000 Population 1999 52 171 3.536 6.254 290 831 2004 99 210 3.582.4 2006 878.394.504 319 870 2006 111 202 3. data includes Singtel Mio-TV subscribers.420.270 352 715 2008 120 199 3. Refers to resident population.9 2007 883. government libraries and academic libraries.542 6.5 2009 888.913 6. Data as at 31 March of each year.486. 1 With effect from year 2007. As at end of year.938 6.820 95 82 80 1.536.0 2004 876. Prior to 2004.310 307 661 Note : Data for 2004-2006 have been revised following the revision of population estimates completed in February 2008.985 94 84 82 1.811 6. CD-Roms. VCDs.0 2005 877. 5 Indicator is computed based on total population. Singtel' Mio-TV was launched in July 2007.546 94 83 81 1.566.5 Daily Newspaper Circulation Crime Rate Per 100. 1.920 95 82 80 1. 2 Loans include books.938 5.732 6.5 2008 884. With effect from 2004. 2010 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore. magazines and AV materials (such as Video Tapes.000 Population 1 2 3 4 Refers to flats managed by Housing and Development Board.760 92 86 82 1. DVDs and music scores).329 389 735 2005 105 209 3.

2010 1. 1 With effect from April 2008.310 21 239 107 2009 226 1.054 346 158 101 2007 237 1.16 OTHER SOCIAL INDICATORS Residential Fixed Lines Mobile Phone Subscribers Dial-up Internet 1 Subscribers Year Residential Broadband Subscribers Private Cars Per 1. following the cessation of free dial-up Internet access offered by service providers by 31 March 2008.000 Population 1999 282 372 147 - 92 2004 264 927 411 111 95 2005 255 998 379 135 97 2006 248 1. data cover paid internet access subscriptions only. .225 230 192 106 2008 226 1.375 16 332 109 Note : Data for 2004-2006 have been revised following the revision of population estimates.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.

CLIMATE AND AIR QUALITY .

5 levels measured exceeded the US EPA standards. These stations monitor both ambient and roadside air quality. Climate The main features of the climate of Singapore are the relatively stable temperature throughout the year due to its close proximity to the Equator and high humidity and abundant rainfall due to the maritime exposure of the island. The mainland measures 47 kilometres from east to west and 23 kilometres from north to south with a coastline of 180 kilometres. NOx. The relative humidity is usually between 61 and 65 per cent on dry afternoons but frequently exceeds 90 per cent in the early hours of the morning before sunrise.515m High Water Mark cadastral survey boundaries. the western undulating area comprising Mount Faber Ridge and Pasir Panjang Ridge and the eastern coastal area consisting of alluvium and sediment stretches from Katong to Bedok and Changi. ozone (O3) and respirable suspended particles (PM). This area comprises the mainland and other islands. The air pollutants levels for SO2.1°C and 24. oxides of nitrogen (NOx). O3 and PM10 in 2009 were within the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) standards. Automatic analysers and equipment are deployed at the stations to measure the concentrations of major air pollutants such as sulphur dioxide (SO2).3 square kilometres in 2009. CO.7°C respectively. early morning line squalls occasionally hit the island. The figures are based on 2. The system comprises remote air monitoring stations linked to a Central Control System via dial-up telephone lines. carbon monoxide (CO). The air quality in terms of the Pollutant Standards Index (PSI) was ‘Good’ on 91 per cent of the days and ‘Moderate’ on 9 per cent of the days in 2009. During the Southwest Monsoon season. Bukit Panjang. The PM2. . Air Pollution The ambient air quality in Singapore is monitored by the National Environment Agency through the Telemetric Air Quality Monitoring and Management System. Singapore can be geographically divided into three major areas – the central hilly area with heavy deposits of granite in Bukit Timah.2 CLIMATE AND AIR QUALITY Geography The Republic of Singapore is located between latitudes 10 09’N and 10 29’N and longitudes 1030 36’E and 1040 25’E. the wettest months are usually during the first part of the Northeast Monsoon season from November to January. The average daily maximum and minimum temperatures are around 31. Although rain falls throughout the year. Bukit Mandai and Bukit Batok. from May to September. The land area of Singapore is approximately 710.

0 21.931 134 175 2.1 21.7 31.2 MEAN RELATIVE HUMIDITY AND RAINFALL 1999 2004 2005 1 Mean Relative Humidity at 2.7 25.134 77 177 2.753 198 174 2.9 2006 2007 2008 2009 Air Temperature in Degree Celsius Source : National Environment Agency 2.7 25.1 35.1 AIR TEMPERATURE AND SUNSHINE 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Means Daily Maximum Daily Minimum 31.6 22.1 31.136 178 147 1.9 25.325 134 182 1.5 25.2 5.1 24.4 6.8 Bright Sunshine Daily Mean Hours 5.8 34.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.3 24.0 6.0 Absolute Extremes Maximum Minimum 34.921 87 166 Source : National Environment Agency 1 The ratio of the actual amount of water vapour in a given volume of air to the amount that would be present were the air saturated at the same temperature.3 5. 2010 2.4 21.1 5.3 34.1 34.1 31.8 35.7 31.1 21.4 21.0 21.6 35. .00 pm (Per Cent ) Rainfall Total (mm) Maximum in a Day (mm) Number of Rainy Days 73 71 71 73 74 72 70 2.8 31.6 5. expressed in percentages.886 159 195 2.1 24.0 31.

5 microns ) ≤ 15 µg/m3 (annual mean) Lead ≤ 1.4 2. 2010 2.15 µg/m3 (quarterly mean). prior to 15 Oct 2008. ≤ 147 µg/m3 (4th Maximum 8-hour mean).6 2.04 0. .03 0.5 (µg / m3 ) (mean) Lead (µg / m3 ) (quarterly average) Source : National Environment Agency Notes : United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) Standards for Air Quality Sulphur Dioxide ≤ 80 µg/m3 (annual mean) Nitrogen Dioxide ≤ 100 µg/m3 (annual mean) PM 10 (Particulate Matter ≤ 10 microns ) ≤ 150 µg/m3 (2nd Maximum 24-hour mean) Carbon Monoxide ≤ 10 mg/m3 (2nd Maximum 8-hour mean) Ozone ≤ 157 µg/m3 (4th Maximum 8-hour mean). prior to 27 May 2008.02 0. ≤ 0. with effect from 27 May 2008 PM 2.6 1.8 2.01 PM2.5 (Particulate Matter ≤ 2.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.3 AIR POLLUTION LEVELS 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Sulphur Dioxide (µg / m3 ) (mean) 22 14 14 11 12 11 9 Nitrogen Dioxide (µg / m3 ) (mean) 36 26 25 24 22 22 22 PM 10 (µg / m3 ) 1 (2nd Maximum 24-hourly mean) 139 85 101 228 69 57 77 Carbon Monoxide (mg / m3 ) (2nd Maximum 8-hourly mean) 3.5 1.08 0.7 1.7 Ozone (µg / m3 ) (4th Maximum 8-hourly mean) 125 143 155 127 140 103 100 na 21 21 23 19 16 19 0.5 µg/m3 (quarterly mean). 1 PM10 levels in 2006 were affected by transboundary smoke haze from the land and forest fires in Indonesia.02 0.02 0. with effect from 15 Oct 2008 All measurements of air quality are corrected to reference temperature of 25oC and pressure of 760 mm of mercury.

DEMOGRAPHY .

Births registered after 42 days from occurrence are classified as late registrations. All persons registered at their places of usual residence were counted. Registration of marriages is compulsory in Singapore.3 DEMOGRAPHY Population Census Births and Deaths Singapore's first census was undertaken in April 1871. these are defined as the number of live-births and deaths respectively of Singapore residents. Notices of such marriages have to be lodged with the Registrar of Marriages regardless of the venue of solemnisation. A birth registration after one year from the date of birth can only be effected with the written authority of the Registrar-General of Births and Deaths. the population comprised citizens and permanent residents who were present and enumerated in Singapore on Census Day. Registration facilities for births and deaths are available at the Registry of Births and Deaths and at designated government hospitals. Singapore conducted her first middecade mini-census (General Household Survey) in 1995. Singapore was included as part of the Straits Settlements. must be registered within 14 days of their occurrence. The Second World War delayed the next census till 1947. Marriages Mid-Year Population Estimates Singapore residents refer to citizens and those who have been granted permanent residence in Singapore. Under the same Act. Separate censuses for Singapore were carried out since 1947. Non-residents staying or working in Singapore were also included. The second mid-decade minicensus was conducted in 2005. Deaths and still-births can also be registered at the nearest Police Divisional Headquarter / Neighbourhood Police Centre or Post. Still-births. which are classified separately from births and deaths. In the 1990 and earlier Censuses. a death must be registered within 3 days of its occurrence. With the change to the register-based approach in 2000. censuses were undertaken at ten-year intervals in 1980. Marriages other than Muslim marriages are registered under the Women's Charter. as well as non-residents staying or working in Singapore were also included. Regular censuses were undertaken at ten-year intervals up to 1931. part of Malaya. The Registration of Births and Deaths Act (Cap 267) specifies that a birth must be registered within 42 days of the date of birth. From 1980 onwards. . and later. Citizens and permanent residents who were away for short periods of time during the Census. per thousand mid-year resident population. Subsequently. the “de jure” concept was adopted. Measures of natality and mortality include the crude birth and crude death rates. The registration system is comprehensive and the records of vital statistics are virtually complete. 1961. The first post-independence census was conducted in 1970. In the pre-war censuses. even though they may be temporarily away on Census Day. Total population comprises Singapore residents and nonresidents. 1990 and 2000.

if he or she were to experience the age-specific mortality rates of the reference period throughout his or her life. Pertinent information on Muslim divorces is compiled from records maintained by the Syariah Court while those on nonMuslim divorces are compiled from petitions submitted to the Family Court. the year of occurrence. General marriage rate: Refers to the number of marriages registered among unmarried population aged 15-44 years during the year. . 1908 (Ordinance No. Time-dependent variables. Definitions Rates on fertility and reproduction pertain to residents only. This Ordinance was subsequently repealed and replaced by the Administration of Muslim Law Act. Divorces Net reproduction rate: It is a refinement of the gross reproduction rate. Life expectancy (at birth): Refers to the estimate of the average number of years a new born baby might expect to live. This rate implicitly assumes that all females live to the end of their childbearing years. Gross reproduction rate: Refers to the average number of daughters produced by each female during her whole reproductive period and is similarly computed as in the case of TFR. Age-specific divorce rate: Refers to the number of divorces and annulments granted within a specific age group during the year. per thousand females in that age group. It is also the measure of replacement of population. and duration of marriage are based on the date of registration for Muslim divorces and date decree made absolute for non-Muslim divorces. out of every thousand unmarried persons in the same group. Age-specific marriage rate: Refers to the number of marriages registered within a specific age group during the year. eg. 1966. Age-specific fertility rate: Refers to the number of births by mothers of a specific age group during a given year. age of divorcees.3 DEMOGRAPHY (cont’d) Registration of Muslim marriages in Singapore became compulsory from 1 July 1909 when the Mohammadan Marriage Ordinance. out of every thousand unmarried population in the same age group. It is the average number of female children that would replace one female if current fertility and mortality levels prevail. out of every thousand married persons in the same age group. if all females lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given set of age-specific fertility rates. on the basis of female births only.XXV of 1908) was enacted. It is derived by aggregating the agespecific fertility rates of females in each of the reproductive ages for a specific year. in that it takes into account the mortality of females from birth to the end of their reproductive years. Total fertility rate (TFR): Refers to the average number of children that would be born per female.

Complete life tables and key trends in life expectancies for the Singapore resident population are available in the annual statistical report “Complete Life Tables for Singapore Resident Population”. out of every thousand married population in the same age group. Other References Vital statistics on births and deaths are compiled and published monthly in the "Singapore Demographic Bulletin". Statistical analyses of Singapore's changing population profiles are also included in the publication. Annual data on marriages and divorces are available in the publication "Statistics on Marriages and Divorces". ‘Family Formation and Dissolution’. Demographic statistics are available in the annual publication. detailed causes of death. “Population Trends”. as well as provides insights into the nature of divorces and the socio-economic characteristics of divorcees. . ‘Population Structure’. ‘Fertility’ and ‘Mortality’. The publication comprises four sections. The annual "Report on Registration of Births and Deaths" published by the Registrar-General of Births and Deaths also provides demographic and socio-economic characteristics of parents and characteristics of births. This publication analyses annual marriage trends and the socioeconomic characteristics of grooms and brides. namely.3 DEMOGRAPHY (cont’d) General divorce rate: Refers to the number of divorces and annulments granted to married population aged 20 years and over during the year. together with statistical tables and charts.

2009.8 6.164.9 8.8 1. 9. Based on 1980 and 1990 using de facto concept.642.733.2 1.623.5 14.525.200.9 287.5 2008 4.6 0.6 5.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.3 2000 (Census) 2.166.985. Resident population comprises Singapore citizens and permanent residents.005.7 1 Average Annual Growth (Per Cent) 1 2 3 4 3 3 3 3 1990 (Census) 2.9 418.1 3.467.3 3.7 2.413.4 0.2 753.7 1.1 356.2 1.3 2000 (Census) 4.7 2007 4.133.1 2.196.9 2008 5.9 3.5 1.027.8 3.8 1.0 875.7 2009 4. refers to growth over previous year.4 2005 4.0 386.273.9 2006 4.6 3.3 1.1 11.7 1.5 2007 4.7 3.9 3. For 2004 .1 POPULATION AND GROWTH RATE Total Population 2.9 2006 3.1 311.588.081.401.735.107.265.8 8.9 3.9 2.7 0.2 1. 2010 3. Data for 2004-2007 have been revised with effect from February 2008.987.4 Singapore Residents 4 Singapore Citizens Total Year Singapore Permanent Residents Non-Residents Number (Thousand) as at June 1990 (Census) 3.1 2.5 2004 4.8 449.0 2009 3.4 2.3 2004 1.3 9.1 9.3 1. refers to annual growth over the last ten years.5 754.8 1.7 2005 2.2 1.5 19.7 112.8 3.253.3 For 1990 and 2000. Total population comprises Singapore residents and non-residents.4 478.7 3.6 3.047.6 0.8 7.7 533.5 1.5 4.9 9.8 797.0 6.4 1.057.4 3.583.839.0 .4 3.5 0.

2 4.2 4.3 4.1 13.4 45.86 1985 11.0 22.0 1. Notes : From 1980.59 Notes : Figures prior to 1980 refer to total population.8 4.000 Population Gross Reproduction 1 Rate Net Reproduction 1 Rate Per Female 1950 33.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.88 1999 8.9 10.5 5.1 1.62 0.82 0.1 49.9 7.3 4.9 4.61 2007 5.4 2.97 1980 12.28 0.5 6.7 16.66 2.3 4.76 2.6 1.1 1.5 18.3 1.4 12.83 0.1 5.88 0.6 4.5 na na na 1960 31.62 2008 5.26 0.4 2.4 2.07 1.2 20.6 1.1 1. 1 Data for 2004-2006 have been revised following the revision of population estimates completed in February 2008.6 17.78 0.60 2005 5.0 1.2 1.8 10.4 26.2 44.47 0.70 2004 5.0 82.27 2.61 0.61 0.61 2006 5.000 Live-births Per 1.2 4.2 VITAL RATES Rate of Natural Year Increase 1 Crude Birth 1 Rate Crude Death 1 Rate Infant Mortality Rate Total Fertility Rate 1 Per 1.49 1.5 3.9 10.9 2.1 29. .4 2.78 2.6 4.6 1.3 12.7 6.3 8.88 0.9 8.70 0.61 0.00 0.9 5.42 1975 12.7 5.3 2.08 1970 17.3 37.07 1.62 2009 5.5 2.62 0.62 0.28 0.54 1965 24.26 0.2 34.29 0.2 na na na 1955 36.7 17.3 4.76 1990 13.5 3.8 10.9 10.59 0.22 0. 2010 3. figures refer to Singapore residents (citizens and permanent residents).6 9.

5 9.1 129.7 17.14 15 . Singapore resident population comprises Singapore citizens and permanent residents.4 124.614.0 108.807.8 36.9 125.2 87.7 152.6 120.0 120.8 142.3 154.6 149.3 54.8 124.9 132.8 153.6 7.5 157.3 57.1 11.6 152.7 6.3 100.0 161.6 7.2 160.6 162.9 1.54 55 .8 119.9 125.7 94.6 159.8 15.6 162.3 14.2 150.0 99.9 12.1 40 .4 86.5 111.7 14.49 50 .9 136.5 152.7 139.2 16.9 155.7 16.2 80 .3 117.1 120.8 41.7 1.8 105.8 1.5 29.7 53.9 43.4 11.2 40 .3 120.0 160.7 22.6 122.39 106.0 51.2 66.79 53.8 33.6 158.1 16.6 37.8 139.79 51.6 91.4 131.8 145.6 118.4 26.24 25 .1 149.5 20 .0 152.64 65 .6 140.19 112.0 159.4 123.7 128.9 60.1 17.6 147.5 153.9 110.839.7 35.0 7.695.7 113.2 98.4 75.3 MID-YEAR ESTIMATES OF SINGAPORE RESIDENTS BY AGE GROUP AND SEX Thousand Age Group (Years) 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Males Total 1.2 143.9 99.3 20 .0 1.3 129.8 110.3 159.7 122.0 117.2 159.7 155.9 149.2 1.0 146.29 30 .3 13.4 131.1 118.1 34.5 147.746.889.8 60.2 24.2 8.2 68.7 121.3 107.44 45 .7 119.1 20.3 48.3 124.4 113.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.7 55.1 0-4 5-9 10 .3 96.6 160.8 60.7 159.4 131.3 27.0 94.0 42.34 35 .2 134.9 47.5 107.59 153.1 110.69 70 .4 110.4 63.74 75 .6 124.0 151.9 120.3 132.8 19.84 85 & Over 13.803.9 33.6 132.6 59.748.4 131.6 99.8 33.2 132.9 94.5 114.0 60.6 Data from 2002 onwards are based on the register-based approach.64 65 .6 139.14 15 .0 100.2 108.2 39.9 110.9 127.1 102.6 29.5 60 .1 134.3 52.1 111.7 157.7 113.4 131.0 155.7 1.7 0-4 5-9 10 .0 1.1 42.8 156.614.7 8.59 151.7 80 .7 127.0 145.6 18.8 162.5 158.2 117.0 141.3 162.5 154.1 129.4 31.2 159.7 108.7 126.9 23.0 66.2 1.4 60 .8 64.0 108.6 43.6 45. .718.9 107. Data for 2004-2007 have been revised with effect from February 2008 .2 16.5 40.4 77.9 114.2 152.5 147.777.1 50.5 107.6 111.3 133.8 99.74 75 .49 50 .7 114.1 115.5 126.6 1.54 55 .6 162.4 32.2 123.2 130.7 20.1 162.0 142.3 125.2 126.8 58.39 106.69 70 .1 1.34 35 .6 123.0 154.8 15.6 11.3 34.775.9 21.0 110.3 57.9 132.844.4 150.0 141.5 1.1 107.3 8.44 45 .3 128.6 114.4 40.4 157.9 21.0 150.1 10.7 1.19 120.84 85 & Over Females Total Note : 1.6 91.6 60.9 97. 2010 3.721.29 30 .8 121.2 141.1 107.0 138.6 83.9 87.6 99.2 116.5 133.3 120.1 149.5 25.24 25 .

4 4.4 18.8 274.3 11.8 12.2 16.5 129.7 107.7 16.5 10.3 15.7 20.3 25.5 185.410.6 317.1 165.6 112.3 90.6 21.1 221.7 9.3 155.7 12.0 57.9 38.6 8.1 6.2 142.1 21. ETHNIC GROUP AND SEX.6 66.770.7 5.5 121.2 12. 2010 3.39 Total Males Females 3.0 142.0 10.2 172.8 248.2 11.9 29.0 17.3 6.2 15.5 178.9 103.34 35 .0 8.0 216.3 241.9 18.5 49.1 129.1 197.2 3.2 146.3 63.0 122.9 35.8 11.0 16.8 100.1 35.6 11.0 4.8 4.0 13.9 32.2 1.9 102.24 25 .9 95.1 250.3 2.889.2 30.6 19.2 10.2 Chinese Males Females 2.8 4.14 15 .8 172.3 86.3 24.7 154.8 234.6 23.8 16.3 5.1 14.9 1.9 18.4 33.360.3 297.3 1.8 83.0 7.5 (continued on next page) Note : Singapore resident population comprises Singapore citizens and permanent residents.5 197.1 94.7 97.3 88.4 113.0 42.6 14.8 22.9 26.733.8 23.1 162.0 Others Males Females 120.2 3.7 71.2 5.8 16.5 14.9 5.1 113.6 Malays Males Females 500.6 33.8 85.7 1.1 262.8 2.1 17.3 62.8 120.4 21.9 120.29 30 .8 133.1 Indians Males Females 343.8 15.9 75.3 132.7 44. .1 249.19 20 .6 11. END JUNE 2009 Thousand Ethnic Group / Sex Total 0-4 5-9 10 .4 25.844.6 8.6 3.5 19.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.6 127.4 SINGAPORE RESIDENTS BY AGE GROUP.

0 4.5 5.4 5.5 23.0 0.7 5.9 1.7 51.2 22.8 239.2 322.2 25.4 2.4 149. 2010 3.7 44.6 0.6 1.9 7.2 121.7 2.64 65 .0 18.5 162.6 27.1 36.8 12.0 1.7 83.4 47.9 4.0 116.4 119.3 5.4 6.9 1. END JUNE 2009 (continued) Thousand Ethnic Group / Sex 40 .9 159.7 26.0 2.54 55 .4 242.1 16.1 22.9 0.8 4.6 3.5 120.7 34.8 9.3 Note : Singapore resident population comprises Singapore citizens and permanent residents.5 0.4 10.5 13.9 87.6 1.59 60 .5 169.8 0.4 1.4 9.9 6.6 297.84 85 & over Total Males Females 313.4 28.7 14.79 80 .6 1.5 0.2 3.69 70 .3 12.3 1.5 5.7 11.2 2.2 33.1 4.4 16. ETHNIC GROUP AND SEX.2 18.0 1.4 6.6 1.2 0.1 8.3 72.1 14.5 8.1 0.1 2.3 2.2 18.3 16.4 1.5 Others Males Females 12.5 38.5 1.5 22.8 6.4 SINGAPORE RESIDENTS BY AGE GROUP.7 233.49 50 .1 0.4 6.74 75 .4 1.9 120.0 10.2 116.8 11.4 0.4 0.7 86.7 117.6 3.0 155.1 61.4 10.9 0.1 8.1 98.8 3.4 60.4 194.6 19.7 1.9 4.8 Malays Males Females 40.5 96.3 3.8 116.7 50.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.4 0.1 71.5 0.8 157.0 4.3 55.44 45 . .8 8.8 30.2 19.2 21.8 20.7 37.0 Indians Males Females 29.5 26.6 147.6 140.2 69.3 2.4 21.3 0.7 12.1 112.4 40.2 7.5 16.0 46.6 Chinese Males Females 230.1 97.9 2.

843 1.6 78.718 1.582 1.388 1.140 38.783 3.2 0.196 2.490 20.019 Malays Males Females 7.336 22.1 94.093 1.313 12.567 39.996 1.573 3.2 Per Female Total Fertility Rate 1.3 1.29 105.6 7.24 37.953 37.3 1.994 4.284 25.646 12.6 40 .2 0.750 18. Data are based on date of occurrence.6 80.7 41.740 24.326 39.5 1. 3.3 Note : The resident age-specific and total fertility rates were computed based on resident live-births per 1.092 12.8 38.146 Source : Registry of Births and Deaths Note : Figures for males and females may not add up to the total due to sex not reported.2 30 .342 3.826 20.5 30.000 females and per female respectively.097 6.127 6.734 3.364 3.6 7.2 0.331 13.000 1.6 35.980 4.570 20.208 3.152 2.162 13.5 41.010 4.1 6.799 12.034 1.051 39.901 4.1 35 .6 36.492 19.174 19.053 3.3 1.2 0.6 LIVE-BIRTHS BY ETHNIC GROUP AND SEX Number Ethnic Group / Sex 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total Males Females 43.9 89.154 3.854 2.763 37.002 Others Males Females 2.541 1.2 0.221 17.5 89.458 3.239 24.4 6.2 0.7 78. 2010 3. .2 93.0 20 .418 2.222 3. Data for 2004-2006 have been revised following the revision of population estimates completed in February 2008.19 8.1 80.252 3.572 20.7 79.405 3.352 18.899 1.807 1.39 38.9 74.2 6.194 2.773 3.901 Indians Males Females 3.34 97.427 11.973 15.330 3.491 3.3 6.6 90.810 24.714 1.176 2.018 1.500 19.502 19.780 12.1 25.939 1.4 94.3 1.169 6.030 6.3 32.337 1. Resident live-births refer to those with at least one parent who is a Singapore citizen or permanent resident.733 11.168 6.623 3.672 1.4 25 .5 RESIDENT AGE-SPECIFIC AND TOTAL FERTILITY RATES Age Group (Years) 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Per Thousand Females 15 .014 2.2 29.438 19.1 5.904 3.4 6.166 2.305 3.49 0.44 6.390 13.868 1.573 11.2 32.651 1.633 24.511 3.836 4.522 2.6 6.5 42.068 Chinese Males Females 28.538 1.6 31.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.317 19.840 6.2 6.3 1.105 12.0 45 .994 2.4 6.4 6.060 12.913 25.376 2.

947 13.408 16.214 18.173 16.844 3rd 4th 6.942 20.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.170 23.319 13.041 22.174 37.205 1.532 16.059 1.221 149 125 116 103 131 93 125 Total Birth Order Place of Occurrence Other Locations Source : Registry of Births and Deaths Note : Data include birth order not stated.624 16.970 5.182 1.475 5.671 1.112 1.224 Private Sector Hospitals 23.951 23.091 17.563 16. 2010 3.957 18.826 39.492 38.558 5.009 1.107 16.570 1st 18.336 37.481 5.450 5th 523 405 364 384 382 379 410 6th & over 221 221 194 195 196 180 217 Public Sector Hospitals 20.7 LIVE-BIRTHS BY (a) BIRTH ORDER AND (b) PLACE OF OCCURRENCE Number 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 43.266 18.170 13.784 13.778 16.545 5.096 19.844 22.330 13.193 1.483 5. .490 39.887 17.590 2nd 15.825 13.317 39.

5 14.4 9.5 0.3 1 80 .4 0.1 0.9 1.1 13.8 67.4 79.7 60 .3 1.7 0.84 85 & Over (continued on next page) Note: Data (excluding infant mortality rate) for 2004-2006 have been revised following the revision of population estimates completed in February 2008.3 0.6 40 .3 1.4 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.2 2.8 0.3 2.8 30.4 0.9 3.1 25.0 120.4 0.24 25 .2 0.1 0.6 0.2 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.5 1.9 41.14 15 .7 125.4 16.8 1.3 0.0 3.2 0.7 0.1 0.8 124.9 3.1 39.8 0.9 9.7 72.3 58.4 0. 1 Infant mortality rate (deaths of resident infants under 1 year of age per thousand resident live-births).5 8.2 1.3 2.2 5.29 30 .0 8.1 5.4 0.54 55 .4 4.2 0.0 0.7 126.4 26.6 0.5 66.2 20 .2 3.34 35 .4 0.5 4.7 6.19 3.64 65 .0 14.3 2.1 0.6 3.4 0.7 0.1 0.3 2.2 2.1 0.1 0.4 0.8 3.1 1.9 9.4 12.3 125.5 0.9 3.1 0.44 45 .2 1.2 0.3 43.4 139.1 0.3 5.1 7.49 50 .0 24.5 0.6 42.1 0.1 0.4 4.1 0.8 40.1 23.3 0.2 70.4 0.2 2.3 120.4 0.2 2.5 5.3 Under 1 1-4 5-9 10 .2 0.4 0.1 0.79 12.1 0.9 24.1 0.2 5.2 0.39 0.4 4.2 0.3 63. .2 0.5 0.6 0.0 52. 2010 3.0 19.69 70 .59 1.8 21.7 37.74 75 .1 0.4 0.0 4.3 16.7 1.4 4.5 4.8 AGE-SPECIFIC DEATH RATES Per Thousand Residents Age Group (Years) 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total Total 4.

9 0.5 0.9 0.9 4.2 0.3 4.3 48.6 0.3 30.2 0.3 11.5 87.6 2.1 0.2 0.6 0.1 0.6 0.7 0.74 75 .2 1.2 150.3 2.7 Under 1 1-4 5-9 10 .2 0.7 1.6 0.1 0.7 145.3 84.5 0.1 0.59 1.1 32.1 0.2 12.2 0.2 2.64 65 . 1 Infant mortality rate (deaths of resident infants under 1 year of age per thousand resident live-births).1 0.2 34.1 37.9 4.3 20 .5 0.0 25.5 4.4 4.1 6.8 0.3 1.1 0.4 7.5 0.1 0.6 18.6 1 80 .3 28.7 0.0 6.3 11.8 64.9 0.1 0.4 135.6 1.4 2.7 0.1 0.54 55 .7 21.0 4.8 5.2 11.1 0.24 25 .6 46.5 0.1 0.5 1.9 16.7 53.9 86.3 2.8 40 .4 4.9 146.0 3.7 8.0 6.84 85 & Over (continued on next page) Note: Data (excluding infant mortality rate) for 2004-2006 have been revised following the revision of population estimates completed in February 2008.6 0.5 1.3 30.9 6.6 1.6 0.6 18.5 142.3 2. . 2010 3.3 79.8 AGE-SPECIFIC DEATH RATES (Continued) Per Thousand Residents Age Group (Years) 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Males Total 4.2 7.2 0.5 0.44 45 .4 4.0 0.4 2.4 0.49 50 .2 0.0 51.1 10.4 0.1 0.79 16.9 4.7 0.14 15 .6 2.5 2.7 32.1 0.8 73.6 1.0 60 .5 2.9 4.8 9.5 87.39 0.5 141.5 0.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.6 0.4 0.0 0.3 21.19 3.9 96.6 0.8 57.5 135.2 2.2 0.7 2.3 4.2 52.2 19.9 0.29 30 .69 70 .2 2.34 35 .2 0.5 0.

8 1.3 55.0 1.3 1.2 17. .1 0.1 114.8 18.4 2.59 1.3 0.7 20.2 2.0 68.1 33.3 0.3 0.2 0.8 62.2 0.3 0.39 0.1 0.2 1.29 30 .3 3.49 50 .0 19.6 115.8 Under 1 1-4 5-9 10 .8 18.74 75 .5 0.2 0.5 2.69 70 .5 112.5 5.8 55.3 60 .2 0.4 10.0 10.5 59.0 23.3 0.84 85 & Over Note: Data (excluding infant mortality rate) for 2004-2006 have been revised following the revision of population estimates completed in February 2008.2 20 .24 25 .1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.8 30.64 65 .2 0.2 0.5 0.7 0.0 4.7 12.0 0.5 0.8 AGE-SPECIFIC DEATH RATES (Continued) Per Thousand Residents Age Group (Years) 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Females Total 4.6 4.9 4.2 0.0 3.2 0.1 0.0 4.4 0.5 3.0 1.1 1.7 15.9 2.7 0. 1 Infant mortality rate (deaths of resident infants under 1 year of age per thousand resident live-births).2 44.5 0.2 0.1 0. 2010 3.4 0.6 118.1 7.6 0.2 0.5 112.1 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.1 0.7 1.4 0.7 0.4 4.3 0.7 31.7 133.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.7 1 80 .8 9.4 6.34 35 .54 55 .1 3.4 2.0 4.4 0.6 5.7 9.7 5.3 0.5 32.2 1.9 1.1 3.6 0.79 8.3 116.3 0.2 15.2 0.0 9.2 0.7 48.4 40 .7 0.3 1.3 2.1 6.1 0.5 4.9 1.9 1.44 45 .2 0.4 0.14 15 .2 3.3 0.4 2.9 33.3 0.8 0.19 3.4 52.4 0.1 0.1 0.9 1.1 2.5 34.1 0.

722 4. .353 4.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.616 5.860 16.656 1.435 5.081 5.423 3.948 2.835 4.244 2 2.289 4.027 1.101 311 107 296 79 373 67 257 66 307 85 285 83 279 75 4.140 17.168 4.437 2 2.9 DEATHS BY BROAD GROUP OF CAUSES Number Causes of Death 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 15.197 1.066 1.614 2 Diseases of the Digestive System 412 356 385 384 392 377 351 Diseases of the Genito-Urinary System 470 641 634 637 739 753 861 Congenital Anomalies of which : Congenital Anomalies of Heart 95 48 49 28 67 38 70 42 55 40 60 32 60 36 Certain Causes of Perinatal Mortality 52 22 39 43 32 39 49 1.061 1.303 4.851 2.441 3.375 1 2.714 1.331 4.833 1.028 1. Poisonings & Violence of which : Motor Vehicle Accidents Other Accidents Suicides Other Diseases & Causes Source : Registry of Births and Deaths Note : Deaths are classified according to the Ninth (1975) Revision of the International Classification of Diseases.562 5.036 1.006 978 215 240 309 205 232 381 179 317 405 198 280 419 228 268 374 225 245 364 191 259 401 176 182 147 181 176 166 185 Total Infective & Parasitic Diseases of which : Tuberculosis Neoplasms of which: Cancer Endocrine.516 15. Nutritional & Metabolic Diseases of which : Diabetes Diseases of the Blood & Blood-Forming Organs Diseases of the Nervous System & Sense Organs Accidents.462 5.393 17.611 4.989 2.794 4.357 1.038 5.222 17.010 444 350 545 474 593 510 620 536 722 609 551 463 378 290 50 33 40 36 31 46 30 105 81 68 62 64 75 68 Diseases of the Circulatory System of which : Heart & Hypertensive Diseases Cerebrovascular Disease 5.913 2.063 5.397 3.745 5.134 4.490 5.677 4.633 5.232 7 3.215 16.081 1.803 4.188 2.124 2.017 1.201 1.375 Diseases of the Respiratory System of which : Pneumonia Bronchitis 2.641 14 2.810 4.387 2 3. 2010 3.

1 19.19 20 .1 Note : Data for 2004-2006 have been revised following the revision of population estimates completed in February 2008.0 111.10 AGE AT FIRST MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE Years Median Age at First Marriage Grooms Brides Median Age of Divorcees 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 28.6 41.24 25 . 3.2 65.9 34.19 20 .8 27.8 48.9 36. .8 12.4 17.6 26.5 114.1 54.8 1.7 84.0 112. 2 Excludes annulments of marriages.2 39.4 28.39 40 .8 34.7 39.0 43.8 37.3 107.5 143.5 88.8 27.8 27.2 39.44 General Marriage Rate 7.5 3.2 44.5 35.9 114.9 108.1 78.8 84.0 111.29 30 .5 17.1 43.1 70.0 55.5 79.7 44.11 AGE-SPECIFIC MARRIAGE RATES Age Group (Years) 1999 2004 Males (per thousand unmarried resident males) 15 .39 40 .7 83.9 0.4 78.4 39.4 110.9 43.7 27.9 54.3 84.9 41.9 37.1 92.6 38.3 111.4 108.9 15.0 68.8 18. 2010 3.3 106.7 55.9 35.3 49.8 116.5 84.1 15.34 35 .5 26.0 16.9 35.44 General Marriage Rate 1.8 38.2 29.24 25 .7 36.6 42.9 82.2 1.8 26.5 112.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.6 32.2 39.8 108.7 2.2 17.9 33.1 30.8 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 1 2 Males Females 1 Refers to marriages in which neither party had previously been married.1 16.0 85.9 14.4 26.29 30 .4 0.4 38.0 29.3 3.0 17.7 79.4 83.0 3.1 44.7 42.6 Females (per thousand unmarried resident females) 15 .4 85.4 36.3 57.8 44.0 41.9 58.0 35.5 38.3 29.8 5.2 75.0 1.8 43.4 4.1 80.7 49.0 39.7 18.5 0.0 29.9 29.6 80.7 29.3 40.34 35 .

087 4.882 5.028 2.113 4.270 7.329 894 945 56 1.214 Muslim Law Act Total 4.463 877 963 58 1.853 20.49 50 & Over 76 739 1.388 6.410 739 425 258 173 205 72 628 1.29 30 .561 18.245 7.542 755 427 250 140 158 88 711 1.487 863 1.44 45 .945 4.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.091 19.021 Under 20 20 .042 19.389 22.663 1.39 40 .790 1.12 GROOMS BY AGE GROUP Number Age Group (Years) 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Women's Charter Total Under 20 20 .098 3.29 30 .39 40 .530 1.060 84 2.377 784 471 278 185 204 72 668 1.34 35 .767 2.537 935 939 53 1.028 56 1.207 3.24 25 .970 2.448 1.214 666 639 48 1.072 5.604 4.761 19.950 3. 2010 3.526 762 377 308 201 233 72 578 1.360 1.221 2.696 743 426 281 189 222 50 513 1.357 7.694 6. .433 756 389 284 170 213 60 646 1.44 45 .427 6.571 2.24 25 .636 2.001 1.49 50 & Over 21.253 6.151 5.526 5.207 4.424 9.194 1.684 716 398 270 161 229 Source : Registry of Marriages Registry of Muslim Marriages Note : Data on marriages registered under the Women's Charter exclude marriages previously solemnized outside Singapore or under religious and customary rites.133 528 458 41 1.540 1.942 5.088 1.34 35 .

091 19.617 10.549 9.629 690 286 206 336 3. .981 8.49 50 & Over 21.521 482 271 200 135 107 167 1.180 444 247 188 128 85 282 1.542 598 260 195 338 3.34 35 .088 8.042 19.087 4.316 1.390 489 283 221 139 86 224 1.143 471 298 220 128 72 328 1.113 4.853 20.740 1.143 448 226 160 403 3.39 40 .945 4.267 1.24 25 .138 4.145 484 210 123 322 4.082 3.350 1.432 9.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.307 3.398 582 270 182 354 3.454 3.748 2.242 1.13 BRIDES BY AGE GROUP Number Age Group (Years) 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Women's Charter Total Under 20 20 .44 45 .153 1.433 602 271 179 380 3.021 Under 20 20 .772 1.162 460 320 173 93 55 361 1.950 3.24 25 .098 3.968 1.060 496 6.561 18.859 690 339 270 Muslim Law Act Total 4.39 40 .761 19.29 30 .209 4.405 1.397 1.245 1.191 1.869 9.49 50 & Over 383 1.34 35 .44 45 .492 4. 2010 3.971 1.235 508 248 223 106 98 263 1.389 22.29 30 .207 4.387 9.564 486 258 156 123 114 Source : Registry of Marriages Registry of Muslim Marriages Note : Data on marriages registered under the Women's Charter exclude marriages previously solemnized outside Singapore or under religious and customary rites.441 1.

Caucasians and other ethnicities as one single 'Others' group.472 2.040 1. Eurasians. Caucasian-Caucasian.761 19.534 16.689 14. 1 "Others" comprises couples of the same ethnicity from other ethnic groups besides Chinese and Indians.222 1. Chinese-Malay. and other ethnicities as one single 'Others' group.021 Malays 2.296 15. Caucasian-Caucasian.717 2.g. E.723 2.042 19.810 3.087 4. Eurasian-Caucasian. Eurasians. E.542 2. Caucasians.098 3.778 1.394 Indians 218 191 180 165 171 191 182 22 51 109 109 122 120 127 928 1. Chinese-Others 2 "Others" comprises Muslim couples of the same ethnicity from other ethnic groups besides Malays and Indians. Total under Muslim Law Act for 2008 includes couples whose ethnic group was not reported.g.063 15.950 3.445 2.060 Chinese 18.919 2.207 4. Others-Others "Inter-Ethnic" marriages refer to marriages where both the groom and bride are of different ethnicity.302 1.600 15.14 MARRIAGES REGISTERED BY ETHNIC GROUP OF COUPLE Number Ethnic Group 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Women's Charter Total 21.305 2.318 Others 2 Inter-ethnic 2 Source : Registry of Marriages Registry of Muslim Marriages Note : Data on marriages registered under the Women's Charter exclude marriages previously solemnized outside Singapore or under religious and customary rites.389 22.474 Others 1 Inter-ethnic 1 Muslim Law Act Total 4.593 2. E.113 4. Eurasian-Eurasian.199 1. namely Malays.738 16.051 1. E.853 20.372 1. Indian-Chinese. Malay-Indian.816 2. namely Chinese. 2010 3.091 19.598 2.g. Others-Others "Inter-Ethnic" marriages refer to marriages where both the groom and bride are of different ethnicity.g. Malay-Chinese.119 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore. Eurasian-Eurasian.945 4.374 Indians 877 668 782 759 818 790 840 217 301 421 494 718 1. Total under Women's Charter for 2003 and 2004 include couples whose ethnic group was not reported. Indian-Others .561 18.

4 35.3 19.7 29.7 General Divorce Rate Females (per thousand married resident females) 20 .2 3.44 7.49 6.1 9.9 21.7 8.5 6.5 9.0 5.9 5. . 2010 3.7 14.3 General Divorce Rate Note : Figures include annulments of marriages.5 30 .2 29.1 12.1 30 .9 40 .6 22.0 17.0 7.3 7.9 8.8 40.2 15.7 7.7 34.2 16.8 18.4 6.39 9.2 15.9 23.0 39.5 17.2 9.9 6.1 4.9 10.3 2.2 7.2 13.7 6.0 3.9 21.0 19.3 6.4 16.0 20.3 45 .9 7.7 40 .6 13.3 7.4 2.5 2.8 7.29 14.2 3.8 18.7 7.1 12.3 33.49 4.15 AGE-SPECIFIC DIVORCE RATES Age Group (Years) 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Males (per thousand married resident males) 20 .8 12.4 7.7 7.7 28.0 10.2 7.24 32.9 50 & Over 2.4 35 .0 5.1 25 .29 15.5 16.4 2.0 6.8 4.3 6.4 29.8 7.2 50 & Over 2.8 25 .6 7.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.2 15.7 2.8 7.24 23.2 9.3 16.2 12.34 11.9 14.3 13.5 27.5 8.39 8.9 6.6 7.0 8.4 30.3 45 .6 7.2 2.4 5. data are based on divorces and annulments where either or both spouses are residents.2 17.1 3.0 2.8 9. Data for divorce rates for 2004-2008 have been revised in Jun 2010 following updates to the administrative data source. With effect from 2004.4 7.4 12.34 10.7 7.0 12.44 6.9 3.8 7.5 5.4 35 .

49 50 & Over 1.39 40 .29 30 .Yearbook of Statistics Singapore. 1 Includes age not stated.747 1.176 Muslim Law Act Total Under 25 25 .192 899 736 1.697 1. 2010 3.44 45 .855 1.084 777 647 859 34 402 1.39 40 .34 35 .024 823 745 554 748 43 452 1.49 50 & Over 3.295 952 813 1.770 4. Data for divorces and annulments under the Women's Charter for 2004-2008 have been revised in Jun 2010 following updates to the administrative data source.092 820 708 929 47 425 1.122 1.147 1.532 5.112 5. .193 1.16 MALE DIVORCEES BY AGE GROUP Number Age Group (Years) 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Women's Charter Total 1 Under 25 25 .563 1.34 35 .631 66 204 322 343 251 167 210 126 258 386 382 295 178 230 109 250 381 356 312 226 239 114 264 391 349 344 244 238 103 241 336 296 288 238 245 79 223 325 301 297 205 267 65 225 290 307 267 217 258 Source : Subordinate Courts Syariah Court Note : Figures for divorces under Women's Charter include annulments of marriages.166 906 717 1.873 1.037 41 428 1.755 33 420 737 769 661 468 477 42 440 1.144 1.031 5.29 30 .057 36 346 1.115 1.519 5.944 1.44 45 .493 5.

532 5. 1 Includes age not stated. Data for divorces and annulments under the Women's Charter for 2004-2008 have been revised in Jun 2010 following updates to the administrative data source.944 1.873 1.122 752 590 385 425 187 942 1.290 802 585 683 Muslim Law Act Total Under 25 25 .440 1.17 FEMALE DIVORCEES BY AGE GROUP Number Age Group (Years) 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Women's Charter Total 1 Under 25 25 .697 1.34 35 .39 40 .44 45 .855 1.519 5.563 1.395 1.493 5.401 953 702 446 555 171 952 1.747 1.44 45 . 2010 3.755 171 764 829 698 516 330 255 189 767 1.414 1.49 50 & Over 1.333 898 639 476 521 176 864 1.34 35 . .031 5.29 30 .112 5.093 699 486 645 192 897 1.49 50 & Over 3.631 177 288 331 294 237 117 119 271 373 400 303 230 144 134 238 349 394 323 258 152 159 270 365 389 328 271 175 146 246 325 334 282 253 169 138 193 319 342 275 232 175 161 175 299 305 283 209 204 154 Source : Subordinate Courts Syariah Court Note : Figures for divorces under Women's Charter include annulments of marriages.29 30 .39 40 .113 759 553 589 134 833 1.770 4.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.

174 Indians 52 68 69 97 94 59 55 14 10 8 6 8 19 19 314 352 315 379 339 366 382 Others 3 Inter-ethnic 3 Source : Subordinate Courts Syariah Court Note : Figures for divorces under the Women's Charter include annulments of marriage. "Inter-Ethnic" divorces refer to divorces where both the groom and bride are of different ethnicity.855 1.873 1.519 5.746 Indians 259 280 329 365 377 365 392 198 18 37 33 44 53 56 210 235 371 420 474 472 545 Total Others 2 Inter-ethnic 2 Muslim Law Act Total 1.631 Malays 1.585 4.460 1.305 1.747 1.755 Chinese 3.481 1.563 1.532 5. 2 "Others" comprises couples of the same ethnicity from other ethnic groups besides Chinese and Indians.031 5.267 4.944 1.183 1.253 1.425 1.240 4.612 4. Data for divorces and annulments under the Women's Charter for 2004-2008 have been revised in Jun 2010 following updates to the administrative data source.112 5.493 5.770 4.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore. 2010 3.697 1. . 1 Includes ethnic group not stated.598 4. "Inter-Ethnic" divorces refer to divorces where both the groom and bride are of different ethnicity.103 3. 3 "Others" comprises couples of the same ethnicity from other ethnic groups besides Malays and Indians.18 DIVORCES BY ETHNIC GROUP OF COUPLE Number Ethnic Group 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Women's Charter 1 3.

LABOUR AND PRODUCTIVITY .

The SDF provides course fee subsidies to . This group is also known as the labour force. Definitions Employed Persons : Refer to persons aged fifteen and over who. The data include all full-time and part-time employees who contributed to the CPF but exclude all identifiable self-employed persons who made voluntary CPF contributions. commissions. Skills Development Fund (SDF) Age-Sex Specific Labour Force Participation Rate : Refers to the economically active population as a percentage of the total population in the specific age-sex groups. both private and public sector establishments are covered in the surveys. 2000 and 2005 which are based on Population Censuses and the mid-decade General Household Surveys (GHS) conducted by the Singapore Department of Statistics. This include basic wage. For the private sector. the surveys covered private sector establishments with at least 25 employees each. annual wage supplement (AWS) and variable bonuses but exclude employer’s CPF contributions. The reference period refers to the full calendar week preceding the date of interview. The data refer to persons aged fifteen years and over. Persons in the process of starting their own business or taking up a new job after the reference period are also included. It is the sum of standard hours and paid overtime hours worked. labour-management dispute or other reasons. allowances and other monetary payments. Definitions Monthly Earnings : Refer to all remuneration received before deduction of the employee’s CPF contributions and personal income tax. Since 2006. Statistics on weekly hours worked are compiled from surveys conducted by the Ministry of Manpower. 1995. Unemployment Rate : Refers to unemployed persons as a percentage of the total economically active population. Weekly Hours : Refer to the total number of paid hours worked during a week. Economically Inactive Persons : Refer to persons aged fifteen and over who were not working. during the reference period (i) worked for one hour or more either for pay.4 LABOUR AND PRODUCTIVITY Labour Force Labour force data are based on the midyear Labour Force Surveys conducted by the Ministry of Manpower except for 1990. Economically Active Persons : Refer to persons aged fifteen and over who were either employed or unemployed during the reference period. profit or for family gains or (ii) had a job or business but were temporarily absent because of illness. Refers to the Monthly Earnings and Hours Worked Statistics on average monthly earnings of workers are compiled based on the payroll of CPF contributors. injury. did not have a job to return to and were not actively looking for a job during the reference period. Unemployed Persons : Refer to persons aged fifteen and over who did not work but were available for work and were actively looking for a job during the reference period. The Skills Development Fund (SDF) was set up in 1979 through the collection of the Skills Development Levy from employers. overtime payments. only establishments with at least 25 employees are included. Labour Productivity : output per worker. Before 2006.

Both the employee and his employer contribute to the worker’s savings with the CPF.5 7. Contributions are lower for employees above age 50 and for those earning lower wages i. For those earning between $1.5 28. changes in the organisation of production. A change in multifactor productivity reflects the change in output that cannot be accounted for by the change in combined inputs. Over the years. the member also has a Retirement Account under the CPF Minimum Sum Scheme. Central Provident Fund The Central Provident Fund (CPF) was set up in 1955 to provide financial security for workers in their old age. Employment Assistance Singapore citizens and permanent residents seeking assistance to find employment can register with the CareerLink centres operated by the Singapore Workforce Development Agency (WDA) and its Distributed CareerLink Network (DCN) partners. the SDF has helped Singapore companies develop a strong training culture and strengthened the concept of lifelong learning.e. making a total of 34.5%. Multifactor productivity therefore measures the effects of changes such as technological progress. comprising Community Development Councils and the National Trades Union Congress.0 12. the CPF contribution rates are as follows : Employee’s Age Employer Employee Total (Percent of Monthly Wage) Statistics on job seekers attended to. so that workers can keep up with the changing skills demands of the employment landscape.500.5 7.5%.5 20. given referrals and placed are compiled by the Employment Facilitation Division of WDA. of the CPF encompass: Retirement. Ordinary Account savings can be used for housing.4 LABOUR AND PRODUCTIVITY (cont’d) employers and training institutions to support the skills upgrading of Singapore's workforce.0 20. Home Ownership. CPF insurance and education. Employees below age 50 pay 20% of monthly wages into CPF and their employers pay another 14. Medisave and Special Account.5 10. Multifactor Productivity Multifactor productivity relates output to a set of combined inputs. Medisave Account savings can be used for hospitalisation and approved medical expenses. and to pay for premiums of approved medical insurance for members and their dependants. it has evolved into a comprehensive social security savings scheme. The overall scope and benefits ≤ 50 years > 50 to 55 years > 55 to 60 years > 60 to 65 years > 65 years 14. usually labour and capital.5 5. below $1. Over the years.0 Each CPF member has three accounts – the Ordinary.5 10. workermanagement relations.0 5. At age 55.500 and $4. approved investments. CPF savings can be used under the various CPF schemes. Family Protection and Asset Enhancement. Special Account savings are for old age and investment in retirement-related financial products. Healthcare. etc.500 a month.0 12.0 18. .5 5.0 34.

4

LABOUR AND PRODUCTIVITY (cont’d)

The savings in the Ordinary Account
earn a market-related interest rate based on the
12-month deposit and month-end savings rates
of the major local banks. The interest rate is
revised every three months and, as legislated in
the CPF Act, is subjected to a minimum of
2.5%.
Since 1 January 2008, savings in the
Special, Retirement and Medisave Accounts
have been invested in Special Government
Securities (SSGS) which earn an interest rate
pegged to the 12-month average yield of the
10-year Singapore Government Securities
(10YSGS) plus 1%, adjusted quarterly. From 1
Jan 2010, savings in the Retirement Account
are invested in SSGS which earn a fixed
coupon equal to the 12-month average yield of
the 10YSGS plus 1 % at the point of issuance.
The interest rate to be credited to the
Retirement Account will be the weighted
average interest of the entire portfolio of these
SSGS, and adjusted yearly in January. The
Government will maintain a 4% floor rate for
interest earned on all Special, Medisave and
Retirement Account monies until 31 December
2010. Thereafter, the 2.5% floor rate will apply
for all CPF accounts.
In addition, an extra 1% of interest will
be paid on the first $60,000 of a member's
combined balances, with up to $20,000 from
the Ordinary Account. The extra interest from
the Ordinary Account will be credited into the
member's Special or Retirement Account
(depending on his age) to improve his
retirement savings.
From 1 April 2008, the first $20,000 in
a member’s Ordinary Account and first
$20,000 in the Special Account cannot be
invested. From 1 May 2009, the amount that
CPF members must first set aside in their
Special Account before they can invest is
raised to $30,000 from $20,000.
Members can withdraw their CPF
savings when they reach 55 years of age, after
setting aside the CPF Minimum Sum in their
Retirement Account. This is to ensure that they
have a minimum regular income to meet their

basic needs during retirement. The CPF
Minimum Sum applicable to members who
reach 55 years between 1 July 2009 and 30
June 2010 is $117,000. It will be increased
gradually until it reaches $120,000 (in 2003
dollars) on 1 July 2013. In addition, members
who can set aside the full CPF Minimum Sum
have to set aside the Medisave Required
Amount, which is $22,500 for the period 1
January to 31 December 2010. This is to
ensure that members set aside sufficient
savings for the healthcare needs in their
retirement.
SPRING Singapore
SPRING Singapore is the enterprise
development agency for growing innovative
companies and fostering a competitive SME
sector. It works with partners to help
enterprises in financing, capabilities and
management development, technology and
innovation, and access to markets. As the
national standards and accreditation body,
SPRING Singapore also develops and
promotes internationally-recognised standards
and
quality
assurance
to
enhance
competitiveness and facilitate trade.

Trade Unions
Data on employers’ and employees’
trade unions are compiled by the Labour
Relations & Workplaces Division of the
Ministry of Manpower.

Trade Disputes
Data on trade disputes relate only to
cases referred to the Labour Relations &
Workplaces Divisions of the Ministry of
Manpower.
A trade dispute refers to any dispute
between and among workers and employers
relating to employment, non-employment, the
terms of employment or the conditions of
work.

4

LABOUR AND PRODUCTIVITY (cont’d)

Industrial Stoppages

Other References

Data on industrial stoppages refer to cases
reported to and handled by the Labour
Relations & Workplaces Divisions of the
Ministry of Manpower and include both strikes
and lockouts.

Similar data are presented in the
“Singapore Yearbook of Manpower Statistics”
published by the Manpower Research and
Statistics Department of the Ministry of
Manpower.
Detailed statistics on the labour force
are published in the "Report on Labour Force
in Singapore.”

Yearbook of Statistics Singapore, 2010

4.1

LABOUR FORCE
(As at June)
1999

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Labour Force ('000)
Total
Residents

2,208.7
1,595.9

2,341.9
1,733.4

2,367.3
1,744.8

2,594.1
1,880.8

2,710.3
1,878.0

2,939.9
1,928.3

3,030.0
1,985.7

Employed ('000)
Total
Residents

2,129.3
1,518.3

2,238.1
1,632.1

2,266.7
1,647.3

2,505.8
1,796.7

2,631.9
1,803.2

2,858.1
1,852.0

2,905.9
1,869.4

79.4
77.5

103.8
101.3

100.5
97.5

88.3
84.2

78.4
74.8

81.8
76.2

124.1
116.3

2.8
3.7

3.6
4.7

3.3
4.4

2.7
3.5

2.3
3.1

2.2
3.0

3.2
4.5

64.1
77.8
50.7

63.3
75.7
51.3

63.0
74.4
52.0

65.0
76.2
54.3

65.0
76.3
54.2

65.6
76.1
55.6

65.4
76.3
55.2

Unemployed ('000)
Total
Residents
Unemployment Rate (Seasonally Adjusted) (%)
Total
Residents
Resident Labour Force Participation Rate (%)
Males
Females

Sources : Labour Force Survey (LFS), Singapore, Ministry of Manpower
General Household Survey (GHS) 2005, Singapore Department of Statistics
Notes : Total Population comprises Residents and Non-residents. Residents comprise Singapore citizens and permanent residents.
Data for 2007 have been adjusted following the revision of population estimates to facilitate comparison with data from 2008 onwards.

4.2

AGE-SPECIFIC RESIDENT LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION RATES
(As at June)
Per Cent

Age Group (Years)

1999

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Total

64.1

63.3

63.0

65.0

65.0

65.6

65.4

15 - 19
20 - 24
25 - 29

16.1
70.7
87.1

12.1
66.9
87.9

9.8
61.7
87.9

12.4
70.7
89.0

13.6
66.6
90.1

12.8
66.5
88.7

11.8
63.5
89.3

30 - 34
35 - 39
40 - 44

83.4
79.3
78.8

85.6
82.1
80.8

86.5
82.6
81.2

87.2
83.8
82.5

87.9
84.6
82.9

88.6
85.6
83.3

88.3
85.8
84.4

45 - 49
50 - 54
55 - 59

78.2
69.5
54.1

79.2
73.4
59.1

78.8
72.3
57.8

81.4
76.8
63.5

80.9
77.3
66.0

82.8
77.5
66.6

82.1
78.1
68.4

60 - 64
65 - 69
70 - 74
75 & Over

34.8
20.5
11.3
4.8

35.1
18.9
8.9
2.6

36.6
20.7
9.7
3.4

43.9
25.3
13.2
3.9

46.7
26.6
12.2
5.0

48.8
27.5
15.1
5.4

50.6
29.9
16.8
5.7

Sources : Labour Force Survey (LFS), Singapore, Ministry of Manpower
General Household Survey (GHS) 2005, Singapore Department of Statistics
Notes : Residents comprise Singapore citizens and permanent residents.
Data from the LFS are not comparable with those from GHS 2005 due to differences in coverage and methodology.
Data for 2007 have been adjusted following the revision of population estimates to facilitate comparison with data from 2008 onwards.

Yearbook of Statistics Singapore, 2010

4.3

AGE-SPECIFIC RESIDENT MALE LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION RATES
(As at June)
Per Cent

Age Group (Years)

1999

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Total

77.8

75.7

74.4

76.2

76.3

76.1

76.3

15 - 19
20 - 24
25 - 29

17.3
70.3
94.1

12.4
68.6
92.3

10.6
61.2
91.3

12.6
71.4
94.0

15.2
67.5
93.6

13.9
66.1
93.3

13.0
65.2
93.3

30 - 34
35 - 39
40 - 44

98.1
98.2
97.6

98.0
97.7
97.3

97.3
97.2
96.4

98.0
98.2
97.7

98.3
98.1
97.2

98.1
97.7
97.5

97.7
97.8
97.8

45 - 49
50 - 54
55 - 59

96.9
92.2
76.4

96.5
93.2
78.3

94.9
90.8
76.6

96.5
93.3
81.9

96.6
94.0
84.5

96.6
93.0
84.9

96.4
93.5
86.8

60 - 64
65 - 69
70 - 74
75 & Over

51.8
33.3
18.9
9.5

52.4
29.3
13.9
5.0

52.5
32.6
16.1
6.6

62.5
36.0
20.0
6.8

65.5
38.7
19.5
8.6

64.7
40.1
23.4
9.4

69.5
43.6
25.2
10.6

Sources : Labour Force Survey (LFS), Singapore, Ministry of Manpower
General Household Survey (GHS) 2005, Singapore Department of Statistics
Notes : Residents comprise Singapore citizens and permanent residents.
Notes : Data from the LFS are not comparable with those from GHS 2005 due to differences in coverage and methodology.
Data for 2007 have been adjusted following the revision of population estimates to facilitate comparison with data from 2008 onwards.

4.4

AGE-SPECIFIC RESIDENT FEMALE LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION RATES
(As at June)
Per Cent

Age Group (Years)

1999

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Total

50.7

51.3

52.0

54.3

54.2

55.6

55.2

15 - 19
20 - 24
25 - 29

14.8
71.1
80.8

11.8
65.1
83.8

9.0
62.2
84.7

12.1
70.0
84.5

11.8
65.6
86.9

11.6
67.0
84.5

10.4
61.8
85.5

30 - 34
35 - 39
40 - 44

69.3
59.8
60.1

74.6
67.4
63.9

76.8
69.0
65.6

77.7
70.4
67.7

78.6
71.7
69.1

80.5
74.4
69.9

79.9
75.5
71.3

45 - 49
50 - 54
55 - 59

59.6
46.7
32.4

61.7
52.9
40.1

62.7
54.0
39.4

66.2
59.5
44.7

65.7
60.5
46.9

68.7
62.0
48.0

67.9
63.0
49.5

60 - 64
65 - 69
70 - 74
75 & Over

19.4
9.1
4.4
1.5

18.4
9.7
4.8
1.0

21.3
10.4
4.5
1.2

26.2
15.6
7.7
2.0

29.2
15.6
6.4
2.7

33.1
16.6
7.9
2.7

33.0
17.7
9.3
2.4

Sources : Labour Force Survey (LFS), Singapore, Ministry of Manpower
General Household Survey (GHS) 2005, Singapore Department of Statistics
Notes : Residents comprise Singapore citizens and permanent residents.
Notes : Data from the LFS are not comparable with those from GHS 2005 due to differences in coverage and methodology.
Data for 2007 have been adjusted following the revision of population estimates to facilitate comparison with data from 2008 onwards.

Yearbook of Statistics Singapore, 2010

4.5

EMPLOYED RESIDENTS AGED 15 YEARS AND OVER BY OCCUPATION
(As at June)
Thousand

Occupation

1999

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

1,518.3

1,632.1

1,647.3

1,796.7

1,803.2

1,852.0

1,869.4

Legislators, Senior Officials & Managers

191.3

229.8

216.4

268.9

263.4

284.7

291.4

Professionals

170.0

211.0

204.6

256.2

270.7

288.3

301.6

Technicians & Associate Professionals

276.3

309.4

317.7

319.8

342.4

371.9

379.7

Clerical Workers

223.2

233.5

232.5

251.6

247.5

249.7

238.3

Service & Sales Workers

213.3

190.7

239.4

215.7

209.5

208.2

208.8

Production Craftsmen & Related Workers

116.0

96.0

110.6

95.0

94.2

89.5

87.3

Plant & Machine Operators & Assemblers

185.1

165.4

173.6

173.3

167.0

156.4

158.5

87.1

125.2

96.7

149.3

145.3

140.0

140.3

56.0

71.1

55.9

66.9

63.1

63.4

63.5

Total

Cleaners, Labourers & Related Workers
Others

1

Sources : Labour Force Survey (LFS), Singapore, Ministry of Manpower
General Household Survey (GHS) 2005, Singapore Department of Statistics
Notes : Residents comprise Singapore citizens and permanent residents.
Data for 1999 and 2004 are classified according to the Singapore Standard Occupational Classification (SSOC) 2000.
Data from 2005 onwards are classified according to the Singapore Standard Occupational Classification (SSOC) 2005.
Data for 2007 have been adjusted following the revision of population estimates to facilitate comparison with data from 2008 onwards.
1 Include Agricultural & Fishery Workers and Workers Not Classifiable by Occupation.

Yearbook of Statistics Singapore, 2010

4.6

EMPLOYED RESIDENTS AGED 15 YEARS AND OVER BY INDUSTRY
(As at June)
Thousand

Total
Manufacturing

1999

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

1,518.3

1,632.1

1,647.3

1,796.7

1,803.2

1,852.0

1,869.4

329.2

298.3

275.2

301.7

304.5

311.9

293.6

109.0

92.6

81.6

95.0

100.8

105.5

113.8

1,066.3

1,227.5

1,272.7

1,377.5

1,377.2

1,411.9

1,441.1

Wholesale & Retail Trade
Transport & Storage 1

238.3

275.4

303.6

301.1

277.0

269.5

272.4

172.2

183.3

163.1

174.0

179.9

182.4

179.9

Hotels & Restaurants

101.7

107.9

103.2

128.8

123.1

120.0

124.9

-

-

64.5

74.8

87.8

87.0

94.3

86.1

91.9

102.1

106.3

109.7

123.6

121.9

165.5

216.2

207.0

217.3

223.9

237.5

243.4

302.5

352.9

329.1

375.1

375.8

391.9

404.4

13.8

13.7

17.8

22.5

20.7

22.7

20.9

Construction
Services

Information & Communications
Financial Services
Business Services 2
Community, Social &
Personal Services
Others 3

Sources : Labour Force Survey, Singapore, Ministry of Manpower
General Household Survey 2005, Singapore Department of Statistics
Notes :

Residents comprise Singapore citizens and permanent residents.
Data for 1999 and 2004 are classified according to SSIC 2000.
Data for 2005 onwards are classified according to SSIC 2005.
Data for 2007 have been adjusted following the revision of population estimates to facilitate comparison with data from 2008 onwards.

1 Data for 1999-2004 refer to transport, storage & communications.
2 Data for 2005 onwards include Professional, Scientific & Technical, Administrative & Support Services.
3 Include agriculture, fishing, mining & quarrying, utilities & activities not adequately defined.

8 25.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.9 27.828.2 > 50 .6 3.412 12.198 9.3 206.750 35.0 340.307 65.018.485 4.5 198.777 12.2 393.7 402.8 104.685 3.205 1.2 84.8 326.146 67.584 6.8 249.654 4.4 101.9 690.6 348.4 3.4 Source : Central Provident Fund Board Note : Include self-employed persons who had made CPF contributions.5 864.835 17.250 7.7 247.098 8.7 GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES BY DIVISIONAL STATUS AND SEX (End of Period) Number Divisional Status 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total Males Females 66.9 27.774 Division I Males Females 24.474 4.50 423.704 9.610 19.201 32.25 > 25 .656 Source : Public Service Division.172 20. .244 Division II Males Females 19.6 308.8 369.8 349.190 1.765 11.7 410.3 265.4 > 35 .287 1.5 428.755 6.6 3.3 359.608 6.536 5.725 11.0 3.8 392.062 10.889 2.5 197.5 26.048.278 11.3 358.875 2.4 302.6 321.673 3.580 20.797 11.2 249.8 CENTRAL PROVIDENT FUND MEMBERS BY AGE GROUP (End of Period) Thousand Age Group (Years) 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total 2.686 37.3 Up to 20 > 20 .638 10.684 3.0 280.9 425.123 1.3 307.359 13.8 303.1 80.300 34.642 16.45 > 45 .370 - 61.2 416.533 11.6 422.020 2.803 9.136 38.710 3.6 389.6 345.965 32.9 94. 2010 4.163.8 336.733 3.7 417.668 7.915 16.792 27.257 - 12.629 21.779 - 28.787 4.083 9.814 29.516 27.1 3.2 770.821 2.8 197.0 3.3 214.8 425.585 16.240 33.234. Statutory Board officers are not included.5 105.828 9.445 6.1 25.550 Division III Males Females 16.148 1.4 303.358 6.111 4.803 30.595 24. Prime Minister's Office Note : "Government employees" as a category refers to officers in the Ministries and Organs of State.0 372.836 7.6 818.8 29.324 Division IV Males Females 6.6 334.253 - 16.363 38.5 299.223 22.832 28.0 256.693 9.268 1.2 404.9 336.232 36.2 336.148 35.7 662.539 28. 4.40 > 40 .3 299.8 271.839 14.099.808 7.451 74.042 64.9 517.779 2.9 26.4 200.55 Over 55 Not specified 222.568 18.291.427 41.216 62.35 88.431 4.5 210.978 2.30 > 30 .8 727.518 10.081 - 4.

0 144.2 192.0 189.6 152.0 210.6 108.40 > 40 .545.7 67.3 - Source : Central Provident Fund Board Note : Exclude self-employed who had made CPF contributions.499 1.000 .4 189.0 1.8 31.9 ACTIVE CENTRAL PROVIDENT FUND MEMBERS BY AGE GROUP (End of Period) Thousand Age Group (Years) Total Up to 20 > 20 .4 205.7 44.381.3.8 180.8 15.2 40.5 - 38.0 1.0 198.1 195.461.5 1.6 157.9 71.999 2.5 91.4 59.7 181.000 to $4.5 46.0 84.6 74.5 - 34.9 178.6 23.000 .7 29.2.7 159.644.9 187.5 162.499 5.1 72.7 139.9 115.4 58.324.8 222.7 175.7 211.4 49.3 1.0 73.500 .224.0 168.9 1.5 110.0 95.7 227.999 5.10 ACTIVE CENTRAL PROVIDENT FUND MEMBERS BY WAGE LEVEL (End of Period) Thousand Monthly Wage Level ($) 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 1.1 61.9 144.499 4.5 Total - - Source : Central Provident Fund Board Note : Exclude self-employed persons who had made CPF contributions.7 67.1 190. - - - .2 94.4 1.35 > 35 .6 208.9 52.8 71.5 1.499 212.1 1.2 262.1 60.55 > 55 .0 - 40.2.3 30.499 2.2 122.461.9 64.610.545.4 0.6 31.3 79.45 > 45 .324.60 Over 60 Not specified 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 1.2 93.1 201.7 199.1.9 68.3 121.1 45. the salary ceiling for CPF contributions was lowered from $5.1 32.4 174.0 - 38.1.2 200.500 .644.6 203.1 126.0 104.7 3.1 115.1 184.2 123.2 92.2 79.30 > 30 .8 174.999 3.2 28.381.1 193.4 87.6 30.000 .4.0 74.2 74. 2010 4.999 4.9 97.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.2 217.224.4 196.4 1.9 21.1 31.9 1.5 114.6 88.25 > 25 .4 33.0 183.6 41.4 115.9 109. With effect from 1 Jan 2006.3 207.1 1.4 27.999 14.4 347.0 213.000 .9 147.4 78.2 166.7 - 44.4 209.2 67.5 175.3 354.2 62.5 78.1 174.000 .9 130.9 191.4 93.6 191.500 .8 58.500 & Over Not specified 50.1 1.799 800 .7 25.9 143.6 Up to 200 200 .5 171.4 176.2 57.399 400 .6 0.7 33.4 17.1 173.50 > 50 .0 108.0 201.1 116.5 193. 4.5 25.5.4 53.9 220.6 178.500 .9 73.1 1.3.3 104.5 229.0 103.599 600 .1 47.9 122.9 107.4 84.9 185.4.4 31.6 1.7 191.9 178.4 54.6 61.5 195.3 105.9 98.8 222.1 131.3 208.6 56.0 314.500.5 38.6 169.5 192.2 196.3 173.3 206.610.6 136.

1 123. Data from 2005 onwards are classified according to SSIC 2005.4 305.9 168.1 366.146 11. Henceforth.5 1.545 na na 117.1 Quarrying 0.050 75.7 Transport & Communications 116.911 10.604 24.235 16.9 1.716 37.451 28.874 na na 78.8 77.2 354.2 256.750 11.4 273.4 - 1.4 Total Manufacturing Utilities Construction Source : Central Provident Fund Board Note : Data for 2002 to 2004 are classified according to Singapore Standard Industrial Classification (SSIC) 2000.1 0.2 267.121 24.1 1.8 12.689 na na 27.1 1.408 15.11 ACTIVE CENTRAL PROVIDENT FUND MEMBERS BY INDUSTRY ( End of Period ) Thousand Industry 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 1.0 69.390 36. which was set up in September 2003.170 33.0 1.9 2.7 291.1 297.1 2.600 61.483 22.6 324.2 261.2 11. has taken over from Ministry of Manpower (MOM) on the provision of employment services.8 3.7 321.7 160.3 341. 4.324.8 4.069 59.224.5 275.5 374.2 Activities Not Adequately Defined 0.455 34.1 Commerce 290.650 36.588 51.3 10.112 12.644.8 Agriculture & Fishing 3.0 278.487 15.1 88. . The figures on employment services above are the results of the collective efforts of the CDC career centres and e2i.463 31.776 30. 1 Data cover September to December 2003.8 79.12 EMPLOYMENT SERVICES Number 2003 1 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Job Seekers Attended to Total Males Females 32.740 9.7 71.0 3.7 Other Service Activities 233.381.7 392. which are collaborations between WDA and the CDCs.6 12.538 46.226 22. WDA.1 401.514 71.7 84.104 na na 27.7 326.4 1.3 248.514 13.378 31.461.581 6.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.004 12.9 316.453 14.315 73.1 267.135 na na 97.138 16.579 na na 66.8 154.545.3 11. local job seekers can approach the career centres located at the Community Development Councils (CDCs).8 6. Exclude self-employed persons who had made CPF contributions.785 38.5 2. which is operated by the National Trade Union Congress (NTUC) and a partner of WDA in the provision of employment services.460 7.621 Job Seekers Given Job Referrals Males Females 21.6 Financial & Business Services 241.406 28.7 170.893 70.281 142. as well as e2i. 2010 4.362 Job Seekers Placed in Employment Males Females Source : Singapore Workforce Development Agency (WDA) Note : Data are based on date of data entry.6 253.610.632 15.726 8.992 46.5 291.8 161.806 30.5 93.0 363.7 266.212 8.

9 -9.7 -5.9 -3.1 -0.1 2.5 -1.4 5.0 3. 2010 4.2 7.9 -4.0 11.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.4 12.4 -1.6 -0.8 -1.8 3.9 1.2 4.0 3.6 -3.4 1.4 2.0 -4.13 CHANGES IN LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY BY INDUSTRY Per Cent Industry Total 1 Total (excluding Construction) 1 Goods Producing Industries 2 Manufacturing Construction 2 Services Producing Industries Wholesale & Retail Trade Transport & Storage Hotels & Restaurants Information & Communications Financial Services Business Services Other Services Industries 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 6.1 -7. 1 Based on Gross Domestic Product at 2005 Market Prices.7 -0.0 8.1 1.0 -3.5 -4.2 1.5 -1.7 -5.2 Percentage Change in Real GDP Percentage Contribution to Growth in Real GDP of : Multifactor Productivity Growth 1 All growth rates are expressed in log terms.8 2. 2 Based on Gross Value Added at 2005 Basic Prices.3 3.4 -3.3 Capital Input 3.6 5.2 10.7 4.0 7.0 3.9 1. 4.9 - 3.8 3.2 0.1 4.3 1.1 1.0 9.8 -0. .8 2.9 2.8 -1.3 2.6 -0.9 2.14 MULTIFACTOR PRODUCTIVITY : CONTRIBUTIONS TO GROWTH IN REAL GDP 1 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 6.0 1.4 3.1 -10.7 2.9 -4.1 5.3 -5.8 -2.7 3.9 6.1 1.7 7.1 6.2 -0.1 - -6.9 1.8 1.9 -0.6 7.1 8.7 3.3 1.6 1.0 -3.6 0.4 15.6 3.2 3.4 -1.4 1.5 2.0 2.2 4.5 4.5 3.3 -12.5 -3.3 -3.9 6.7 Labour Input -0.9 -7.0 -2.8 -6.4 17.6 -5.8 7.1 8.2 0.5 Source : Singapore Department of Statistics Ministry of Manpower Note : The industries are classified according to the Singapore Standard Industrial Classification 2005.9 -0.9 -1.3 2.4 -1.3 8.0 -3.9 -9.2 -3.5 3.4 9.2 3.

977 3.5 46.862 3.069 3.7 43.0 49.768 3.9 43.797 1.231 2.966 2.8 41. Data exclude all identifiable self-employed persons.517 3.273 4.4 52.381 4.16 AVERAGE WEEKLY PAID HOURS WORKED PER EMPLOYEE BY INDUSTRY Hours Industry Total Manufacturing Construction Wholesale & Retail Trade Transport & Storage Hotels & Restaurants Information & Communications Financial Services Real Estate & Leasing Services Professional Services Administrative & Support Services Community.418 3. From 2006 onwards.6 52.4 44.646 3.0 41.291 3.6 44.5 50.2 46.9 43. 4.4 42.074 3.633 2.6 41.444 3.8 Source : Ministry of Manpower Note : Before 2006.618 2.861 4.262 3.196 3.2 43. data pertain to both public and private sectors.857 Source : Ministry of Manpower Central Provident Fund Board Note : Average monthly nominal earnings are computed using data obtained from the CPF Board.5 51.914 1. They include bonuses.1 45. if any.463 5.2 51.004 2.017 3.948 3.4 42.5 50.831 3.9 41.4 45.764 2.513 3.2 41.6 48.368 4.9 44.2 50.2 52.989 1.8 51.5 49.8 41.8 41.745 6.101 3.1 41.507 1.513 5.0 42.418 4.8 43.4 43. but exclude employers' CPF contributions.2 45.253 6.7 43.6 42.890 3.6 39.168 3.0 42.9 50.7 45.441 3.304 7.8 46.3 46.3 46. Social & Personal Services 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 46. data pertain to private sector establishments each with at least 25 employees.4 43.8 41.15 AVERAGE MONTHLY NOMINAL EARNINGS PER EMPLOYEE BY INDUSTRY Dollars Industry Total Manufacturing Construction Services Wholesale & Retail Trade Transport & Storage Hotels & Restaurants Information & Communications Financial Services Real Estate & Leasing Activities Professional Services Administrative & Support Services Community.955 2.5 41.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.0 46.704 3.7 38.3 41.2 43. Social & Personal Services 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 3.9 42.3 46.9 41.1 41.3 44.053 4.9 38.355 4.504 5.525 1.554 3. Data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Industrial Classification (SSIC) 2005.442 5.872 3.7 38.957 2.9 38.9 50.018 6. only establishments with at least 25 employees are included. .553 5.344 3.153 3.929 3.0 50.0 44.495 2. 2010 4. Data pertain to all full-time and part-time employees who contribute to the CPF. Data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Industrial Classification (SSIC) 2005.4 44.8 50.5 50.773 3.732 4.3 41.3 44.1 42.615 3.8 45.360 4.1 48. For the private sector.383 2.238 3.2 44.5 45.2 51.7 44.498 3.949 2.8 49.8 41.1 43.0 49.9 42.5 45.2 43.

0 2.3 2.9 1.3 3.4 4.1 3.2 1.5 1.8 1.3 1.5 2. Quarrying.6 2.2 3.1 2.3 2.6 2.2 3.8 2.9 2. Utilities and Sewerage & Waste Management.4 4.7 3. data pertain to private sector establishments with at least 25 employees.4 3.8 1.6 4.2 2.4 2.3 2.9 2.9 2.4 2.7 2.3 Source : Ministry of Manpower Note : Prior to 2006.5 2.4 2. only establishments with at least 25 employees are included.1 3.6 1. Social & Personal Services Others 1 Occupational Group Professionals.1 2. .3 3.3 2.5 2.4 2.6 2.5 4.7 2.8 1.4 4.0 3.0 1.2 3.7 3.8 3.9 4. Sales & Service Workers Production & Transport Operators. data pertain to both public and private sectors.7 3.7 1.6 2.9 2.4 2.3 3.3 3.7 2.4 3.9 3.8 4.3 2.1 2.2 4.7 2.0 2.7 4.8 5. Fishing.6 4.0 5.7 1.9 3.0 3.9 3.9 3. 2010 4.1 2.1 2.8 3.8 3.1 3.3 3. Data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Industrial Classification (SSIC) 2005.4 2.3 3.5 2.3 2.3 5.6 3.9 2. Managers.3 3. From 2006.5 3. Cleaners & Labourers 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2.2 2.4 2.6 1.7 2. Executives & Technicians Clerical.2 2.1 3.6 3.2 1.7 2.3 5.9 2.0 3.2 3.4 3.17 AVERAGE MONTHLY RECRUITMENT RATE BY INDUSTRY AND OCCUPATIONAL GROUP Per Cent Total Industry Manufacturing Construction Services Wholesale & Retail Trade Transport & Storage Hotels & Restaurants Information & Communications Financial Services Real Estate & Leasing Services Professional Services Administrative & Support Services Community.8 2.0 5.3 1.9 3.8 2.7 3. For the private sector.0 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.9 2.2 3.4 2. 1 Includes Agriculture.8 2.0 3.3 4.

Sales & Service Workers Production & Transport Operators.5 2.6 2.6 1.1 2.0 2.1 2.8 1.1 2.2 4.6 3.7 1.9 1.4 2.1 4.7 2.7 2. Data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Industrial Classification (SSIC) 2005.0 1.9 4.2 1.1 2.3 3.6 2.2 3. 2010 4.9 2. data pertain to both public and private sectors.9 3.6 1.6 1.9 1.4 1. .2 2.6 3.6 1.4 2.0 2.18 AVERAGE MONTHLY RESIGNATION RATE BY INDUSTRY AND OCCUPATIONAL GROUP Per Cent Total Industry Manufacturing Construction Services Wholesale & Retail Trade Transport & Storage Hotels & Restaurants Information & Communications Financial Services Real Estate & Leasing Services Professional Services Administrative & Support Services Community.5 1.0 1.9 1.1 1.9 1.7 1. For the private sector.7 3. Quarrying. 1 Includes Agriculture.7 1.2 2.9 Source : Ministry of Manpower Note : Prior to 2006.7 2.3 1.5 1.2 2.2 1.3 2.9 1.7 1.8 2.1 2.7 1.8 2.6 2.0 1.0 1.3 2.9 2.5 1.5 3.9 1.0 2.9 3.5 3.7 1. Social & Personal Services Others 1 Occupational Group Professionals.1 1.0 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.5 1.9 2. data pertain to private sector establishments with at least 25 employees.6 2.1 3.1 2.7 2.5 1.8 2.5 2.2 2.7 1. Fishing.0 2.9 1.3 4. Utilities and Sewerage & Waste Management.5 1. only establishments with at least 25 employees are included.7 1.6 3.4 1.3 1.5 2.6 1.7 1.0 1.0 2.5 2.2 3. Executives & Technicians Clerical.3 2.3 2.0 2.3 4.0 1. Cleaners & Labourers 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2.2 3.4 4.7 1.0 1.2 2.5 1.9 2.3 2.9 1.3 1.0 1.2 2. Managers. From 2006.2 3.4 2.9 1.4 4.8 2.9 1.

288 214.089 2.832 1.435 3.570 60.811 49.022 7. Worker Improvement through Secondary Education (WISE) and Vocational Training Scheme (VTS).037 12.310 67.718 10.086 17.212 38.900 11.777 9.594 42.253 Training Places (Number) Total Productivity & Quality-related Skills Computer-related Skills Technical Production & Engineering Skills Technical Service Skills Management & Supervisory Skills Trade & Craft Skills Others 530.847 128.742 2.598 121.100 10.655 80. Data exclude Basic Education for Skills Training (BEST).285 5.200 8.836 7.896 28.917 186.803 474.348 6.322 57.563 55.884 8.404 8.964 50.757 11.437 7.695 8.452 3.935 110.242 29.817 98.149 66.044 17.461 430.936 6.331 536.027 77.437 50.511 60.265 5.253 57.338 14.663 95.442 9.438 7.074 6.078 16.822 4.675 39.899 15.191 21.425 8.357 202.278 117.250 13.841 84.100 8.894 65.715 9.434 31.966 143.492 3.093 14.102 51.703 7.258 45.779 6.300 67.545 11. 2010 4.755 562.444 19.874 171.013 9.229 85.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.764 384.887 9.856 89. .659 216.101 Sources : SPRING Singapore Ministry of Manpower (with effect from 2001) Singapore Workforce Development Agency (with effect from 2003) Notes : The period refers to financial year beginning on 1 April and ending on 31 March the following year.969 194.977 7.897 4.928 99.402 7.165 7.900 13.706 6.278 5.403 4.883 93.560 13.100 18.632 8.19 SKILLS DEVELOPMENT FUND VALUE OF ASSISTANCE AND TRAINING PLACES COMMITTED BY TYPE OF TRAINING Type of Training 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Value of Assistance Committed (Thousand Dollars) Total Productivity & Quality-related Skills Computer-related Skills Technical Production & Engineering Skills Technical Service Skills Management & Supervisory Skills Trade & Craft Skills Others 81.529 2.467 368.254 59.736 4.854 33.802 6.645 128.143 6.898 104.993 70.

Shift Allowances.20 TRADE UNIONS AND MEMBERSHIP (End of Period) Number Industry 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Employee Class Unions Members 76 68 68 69 68 66 65 289.089 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 1. etc).950 2.423 2.258 2. Bonus or Gratuity and other Industrial Matters (eg Sales Commission. 2 IAC refers to Industrial Arbitration Court.046 517. .004 463. "Others" includes Retrenchment Benefits. "Wages" includes Wage Increase and Conditions of Service.197 526.308 2.807 1.571 Employer Class Unions Members Source : Ministry of Manpower 4.981 1.21 LABOUR RELATIONS Number 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 246 182 163 163 133 118 166 246 132 114 182 100 82 163 92 71 163 74 89 133 82 51 118 53 65 166 72 94 Cases Referred to IAC 2 20 26 22 16 16 11 16 IAC Awards 12 18 16 15 14 10 12 - - - - - - - Trade Disputes Claims Registered Wages Others 1 Industrial Stoppages Source : Ministry of Manpower 1 Refer to main cause of individual disputes referred to the Conciliation Section.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.384 495. 2010 4.707 443.893 450.

NATIONAL INCOME AND BALANCE OF PAYMENTS .

Per capita Gross National Income as conventionally defined on a residential basis may not therefore reflect correctly the income accrued to Singaporeans. Output-based GDP: Refers to the sum of gross value added generated by economic activities in the domestic economy. 1993” are closely followed. accrue to foreigners and foreign enterprises. expenditure and income approaches are adopted for compiling national income aggregates of Singapore. . The deflators are derived as the ratio of the current price value of a component of GDP to its corresponding constant price value. the estimates have been revised. Expenditure on GDP: Refers to the sum of private consumption expenditure of households including non-profit institutions serving households. a series on indigenous per capita GNI which excludes the foreigners' contribution is compiled. gross capital formation and net exports. definitions and methodology given in the United Nations’ publication “A System of National Accounts. it is necessary to remove the effect of price changes. GDP Deflators: They provide a broad measure of the change in the overall level of prices of the goods and services that make up GDP between the base year 2005 and any other period. This involves the calculation of income accruing to foreign workers and foreign enterprises in Singapore. with the base year index set at 100. government consumption expenditure. Indigenous GNI: Refers to the aggregate value of GNI accrued to Singaporeans. GDP at Constant Prices: In order to compare the real value of output/expenditure over time. The resulting aggregates after adjustment for price changes are known as constant-price estimates. foreign technology and foreign workers. as recorded in national accounts. Consequently. the prices actually paid by the purchaser.5 NATIONAL INCOME AND BALANCE OF PAYMENTS National Income Estimates The output. With the availability of more comprehensive and up-to-date information. Definitions Gross National Income (GNI): Refers to the sum of gross factor incomes (incomes arising from the involvement in production processes or ownership of assets that may be needed for production) receivable by resident units. especially for the last two years. if any) on production and on imports. that is. This is achieved by selecting the price structure of 2005 as the base according to which the goods and services in other years are revalued. and excluding it from GNI. a large share of the compensation of employees and operating surplus. Income Components of GDP: Refers to the sum of incomes receivable by each institutional sector from the domestic production of goods and services which includes compensation of employees. Hence. The concepts. Valuation of GDP Estimates: GDP estimates are valued at market prices. Gross Domestic Product (GDP): Refers to the aggregate value of the goods and services produced in the economic territory of Singapore. gross operating surplus and taxes (less subsidies. The development of the Singapore economy depends heavily on foreign capital.

basis. c) Official reserves which shows the changes in Singapore’s foreign reserves holdings. It consists of Singapore’s official holdings of monetary gold and foreign exchange assets. Sources of Data The balance of payments estimates are compiled mainly from trade and shipping statistics. income and current transfers. services. Definitions The current account which consists of transactions relating to Singapore’s current national income and expenditure. Hence it records transactions that affect the national income in future periods. Goods Balance: Refers to the difference between total exports and total imports of goods on an f. as well as Singapore’s special drawing rights and reserve position in the International Monetary Fund.b. It reflects the net changes in Singapore’s foreign financial assets and liabilities. transfers. income flows.o. Capital and Financial Account Balance: Refers to the balance of transactions in the capital and financial account. as well as capital and financial flows. Services Balance: Refers to the difference between total exports and total imports of services.5 NATIONAL INCOME AND BALANCE OF PAYMENTS (cont’d) Balance of Payments Estimates The balance of payments is a record of all economic transactions between residents of an economy and the rest of the world. It is the balance of all of Singapore’s transactions with non-residents and is financed by official reserves. . b) The capital and financial account which covers transactions affecting the foreign financial assets and liabilities of Singapore. income receipts and payments as well as current transfers. capital and financial accounts. Income Balance: Refers to the difference between factor income earned by Singapore residents from abroad and factor income earned by non-residents from Singapore. Overall Balance: Refers to the overall balance of the current. It shows the net change in financial assets arising from Singapore’s real transactions. Current Account Balance: Refers to the balance of transactions in goods. These include exports and imports of goods and services. The structure and classification of Singapore’s balance of payments accounts follow the fifth edition of the manual. It comprises transactions in goods and services. The transactions recorded in the balance of payments fall into the following three broad categories: Studies to improve the balance of payments estimates are continual and the estimates are revised as and when appropriate. a) The compilation of Singapore’s balance of payments estimates is based on the principles recommended by the International Monetary Fund’s Balance of Payments Manual. regular surveys of companies and administrative records of government departments and statutory authorities. It is very useful for assessing the external performance of an economy and for formulating policies connected with it.

For branches of non-resident banks. 1995”. The direct or indirect ownership of 10% or more of the voting power of an enterprise resident in one economy by an investor resident in another economy is evidence of such a relationship. preferred shares that are treated as debt securities). Definitions Exports of Services: Refer to the value of cross-border services provided by residents to non-residents. For branches of other non-resident entities. FDI comprises foreign direct equity investment (FDEI) and the net inter-company debt between direct investors and direct investment enterprises. The amount of equity capital recorded is at book or nominal value.5 NATIONAL INCOME AND BALANCE OF PAYMENTS (cont’d) Direct Investment Data on foreign direct investment in Singapore are compiled from the Survey of Financial Structure and Operations of Companies. Information on the capitalisation of software expenditure can be found in the .e. Definitions Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): A category of investment that reflects the objective of establishing a lasting interest by an enterprise resident in one economy (direct investor) in an enterprise (direct investment enterprise) resident in an economy other than that of the direct investor. their net fixed assets is used as a proxy of equity capital. Information on the adoption of basic price is available in the information paper “Rebasing of the Singapore System of National Accounts to Reference Year 1995”. finance and insurance companies) from 1994. Imports of Services: Refer to the value of cross-border services provided by nonresidents to residents. debt securities and trade credits. Reinvestment of earnings contributes to the equity position of a direct investor in a direct investment enterprise. which comprises the claim of direct investors (in proportion to equity held) on the retained earnings of direct investment enterprises. Foreign Direct Equity Investment (FDEI): Refers to equity capital in direct investment enterprises attributable to foreign direct investors. the net amount owed by branches to their non-resident head office is used. The debt could be in the form of loans. and the Survey on Foreign Debt Transactions. The lasting interest implies the existence of a long-term relationship between the direct investor and the direct investment enterprise and a significant degree of influence on the management of the enterprise. banks. published by the Singapore Department of Statistics. Data on Singapore's overseas direct investment are obtained from the Survey of Singapore's Investment Abroad. and (iii) other capital contributions. Net Inter-Company Debt: Refers to the net outstanding debt owed by foreign direct investment enterprises to the foreign direct investors. (ii) all shares in subsidiaries and associates (except non-participating. contains the detailed methodology used to compile Singapore’s national accounts. Equity capital comprises: (i) equity in branches. Other References The “Singapore System of National Accounts. The coverage of the survey is extended to financial institutions (i. Trade in Services The main source for Singapore’s trade in services statistics is the International Trade in Services Survey.

5 NATIONAL INCOME AND BALANCE OF PAYMENTS (cont’d) information paper “Rebasing of Singapore’s National Accounts to Reference Year 2000”. Significant changes in treatment and classification of the balance of payments are described in the occasional paper “Implementation of IMF Balance of Payments Manual. Detailed data on investment and trade in services are available in the following reports i.e. with further methodological and conceptual revisions reported in the information information paper “Singapore’s Balance of Payments: Methodological Improvements and New Reporting Format for the Services Account”. “Foreign Equity Investment in Singapore”. Analyses on the national income and balance of payments of Singapore may be found in the “Economic Survey of Singapore” published by the Ministry of Trade & Industry. 5th Edition in Singapore’s Balance of Payments”. The revised methodology for the measurement and allocation of implicit charges for financial services and other recent methodological/ classification changes are described in the information paper “Rebasing of Singapore’s National Accounts to Reference Year 2005”. “Singapore's Investment Abroad” and “Singapore's International Trade in Services” .

850.4 112.721 53.653.762 35.7 230.0 Indigenous GNI .242.057.509.1 10.2 266.3 16.9 75.3 26.7 37.3 116.3 -3.622 41.405.8 -23.250.5 49.694 55.352 40.0 115.8 9.1 13.763.3 -6.9 16.6 9.602.3 -2.9 Share of Resident Foreigners & Resident Foreign Companies in GDP 54.356.9 150.9 85.1 INDIGENOUS GROSS NATIONAL INCOME ( At Current Market Prices ) 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Million Dollars Total Gross Domestic Product 143.3 123.126.8 Net Factor Receipts of Singaporeans from Rest of the World 21.0 13.7 -3.382.0 35.4 199.4 5.7 182.6 Net Factor Receipts of Singaporeans from Rest of the World 32.7 195.537.207.1 Share of Resident Foreigners & Resident Foreign Companies in GDP 13. 2010 5.886 Per Capita Indigenous GDP ($) 27.8 14.1 115.536.5 0.867.318.444.2 265.4 15.1 5.4 2.049.6 3.7 19.1 273.9 30.484.4 -2.8 152.697 48.764 Indigenous GNI Percentage Change Over Previous Year Total Gross Domestic Product 1.619.6 16.454.0 7.6 10.755 43.3 135.0 Per Capita Indigenous GDP ($) -6.9 190.0 -6.0 31.4 18.687 33.6 -19.917.1 Indigenous GDP 89.1 4.7 Per Capita Indigenous GNI ($) -1.695.0 -3.8 164.1 13.6 -9.2 110.421.639.4 11.8 129.963 43.6 150.671.290.5 21.5 -0.0 Per Capita Indigenous GNI ($) 34.267 39.328.3 38.9 14.241.846.3 12.684.6 2.297.0 157.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.4 Indigenous GDP -5.339 46.446.8 11.3 20.2 32.2 208.9 101.597 36.6 7.512.9 9.

4 81.900.9 74.6 132.9 -1.592.130.682.605.452.412.9 73.7 -50.1 273.409.8 138.444.592.1 -1.867.968.0 86.652.228.9 44.664.5 -4.3 143.7 256.9 190.9 73.5 -70.6 194.057.7 69.2 -3.2 143.9 -24.237. 2010 5.2 266.2 OUTPUT.7 -32.509.2 -13.537.2 271.405.562.980.379.2 47.402.974.995.404.1 128.0 86.227.9 117.5 -435.1 273.7 -46.3 260.425.401.779.057.405.974.6 127.699.1 56.9 190.5 1.6 127.9 646.995.0 219.8 136.2 90.700.763.7 230.3 -3.4 72.7 -324.5 -2.509.476.484.2 -335.8 41.6 722.301.080.2 -2.583.513.148.6 132.6 -14.5 -10.126.697.7 230.7 -1.476.9 -4.148.3 100.1 69.9 -1.706.6 -442.3 1.2 265.7 Gross National Income (GNI) GNI at Market Prices Gross Domestic Product at Market Prices Net Income from Abroad Generation of Gross National Saving Gross National Saving Gross Domestic Saving Gross Domestic Product at Market Prices Less : Private & Government Consumption Expenditure Statistical Discrepancy Net Income from Abroad Net Current Transfers from Abroad Finance of Gross Capital Formation Gross Capital Formation Gross National Saving Net Capital Transfers from Abroad Net Borrowing from/Lending (-) to Abroad .8 112.140.5 -10.900.928.867.0 103.0 103.5 103.7 119.110.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.537.513.763.8 124. SAVING AND INVESTMENT (At Current Market Prices ) Million Dollars 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 145.6 -14.228.9 -4.1 1.126.2 266.476.065.9 105.738.2 208.2 - -168.3 141.166.7 119.2 -13.7 -11.2 41.117.287.2 -55.272.864.250.7 69.0 -390.2 265.9 -2.2 208.444.382.656.2 138.041.9 1.7 -11.259.697.919.484.287.452.0 -310.900.404.014.0 -44.305.166.735.536.6 -367.1 176.

325. 2010 5.7 230.2 13.734.397.6 9.5 6.637.6 185.885.226.078.7 18.9 6.4 4.2 208. As the constant price series are chain-linked at the base year.0 16.229. .1 24.012.8 53.257.4 20.763.5 3.013.463.7 58.3 3.6 85.4 3.424.015.494.1 130.8 4.283.4 24.0 8.5 30.519.9 21.082.484.797.5 106.7 4.193.7 59.162.3 6.7 14.3 89.7 63.3 7.3 16.003.204.8 251.605.7 19.8 67.458.0 6.0 9.553.3 22.751.3 38.0 31.3 The industries are classified according to Singapore Standard Industrial Classification 2005.8 158.8 8.323.990.4 153.5 52.364.715.817.0 49.2 216.799.9 130.9 6.1 74.6 69.706.604.9 7.342.4 5.170.496.8 6.537.1 9.2 266.8 44.351.434.0 23.0 At 2005 Market Prices GDP at 2005 Market Prices Goods Producing Industries Manufacturing Construction Utilities Other Goods Industries 1 Services Producing Industries Wholesale & Retail Trade Transport & Storage Hotels & Restaurants Information & Communications Financial Services Business Services Other Services Industries Ownership of Dwellings Gross Value Added at Basic Prices Add : Taxes on Products Notes : 151.038.9 20.1 42.587.1 10.039.431.2 3.303.879.407.865.7 20.3 169.1 18.2 31.790.406.532.0 110.342.483.4 6.514.5 120.275.0 6.8 47.237.3 31.038.647.0 106.082. 1 Comprise Agriculture.131.5 9.393.9 20.3 3.8 13.673.0 63.0 3.603.237.4 9.489.3 115.781.5 22.473.8 21.468.610.910.612.4 72.410.4 20.9 44.5 135.3 20.131.6 66.8 109.4 58.585.8 8.161.483.805.952.5 27.410.8 73.9 10.592.954.058.972.8 53.867.316.7 10.0 6.4 106.2 49.608.0 28.5 19.7 4.5 25.557.160.871.3 23.414.1 194.503.7 7.862.751.3 20.791. Fishing and Quarrying.664.181.9 19.0 8.449.763.432.0 10.614.643.635.7 40.769.231.277.305.8 7.216.9 6.441.185.5 8.024.135.8 21.5 9.5 6.799.012.6 12.8 25.305.5 3.4 63.8 5.435.700.2 160.9 5.4 40.122.4 22.5 3.2 15.143.549.463.841.3 29.729.738.621.660.8 233.542.260.4 29.227.417.680.6 37.1 8.6 11.057.2 25.898.643.361.2 19.9 6.8 60.404.9 25.275. they are not additive prior to the base year. the aggregates at 2005 prices may not be equal to the sum of their components. prior to 2005.797.145.3 250.0 35.140.639.842.9 34.145.496.6 69.746.894.694.518.1 109.0 4.3 107.130.8 28.9 9.713.264.035.3 15.9 34.151.509.178.1 37.4 35.038.7 11.2 173.7 25.9 9.765. Thus.829.266.7 6.0 23.8 259.6 103.464.6 30.214.9 250.6 48.827.2 220.441.793.376.8 21.3 2.4 61.222.2 199.123.334.3 48.303.2 48.3 9.5 58.378.378.368.267.9 4.8 107.7 226.6 112.8 246.463.3 5.3 3.3 19.405.3 19.458.948.9 13.7 22.0 106.119.9 144.1 3.3 19.8 24.537.782.633.509.439.7 247.050.2 8.8 72.325.099.832.2 181.0 4.1 6.9 15.8 24.6 4.228.1 9.275.4 15.567.2 8.5 3.2 13.464.5 144.5 9.9 104.270.1 273.0 8.678.838.4 22.4 5.8 7.674.115.498.4 162.168.5 18.4 59.4 29.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.3 199.398.434.899.4 23.0 7.2 3.3 2.736.296.614.9 27.8 167.3 240.289.3 GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT BY INDUSTRY Million Dollars Industry 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 At Current Market Prices GDP at Current Market Prices Goods Producing Industries Manufacturing Construction Utilities Other Goods Industries 1 Services Producing Industries Wholesale & Retail Trade Transport & Storage Hotels & Restaurants Information & Communications Financial Services Business Services Other Services Industries Ownership of Dwellings Gross Value Added at Basic Prices Add : Taxes on Products 143.2 3.197.221.9 10.9 190.145.200.8 236.267.3 3.4 14.397.246.913.802.486.979.2 265.145.2 3.467.0 4.4 3.091.406.976.9 180.820.8 208.5 140.

7 480.7 -2.3 472.0 -2.3 465.193.407.9 26.2 418.9 3.802.438.002.763.9 94.7 -1.0 29.0 68.763.600.078.085.576.2 24.120.3 44.002.5 550.5 63.4 233.5 - 354.5 -1.438.7 Gross Fixed Capital Formation 47.548.019.4 60.564.349.1 108.365.799.8 605.656.2 Private Consumption Expenditure 59.8 25.509.110.6 21.8 246.3 61.8 91.282.9 Private Consumption Expenditure 60.5 63.549.725.501.5 79.5 502.2 265.1 80.4 76.258.498.949.1 20.0 69.7 480.290.471.0 487.9 190.426.0 5.879.1 369.9 499.4 88.3 Changes in Inventories -2.8 107.844. 2010 5.5 55.416.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.839.4 23. .686.1 84.643.715.267.611.2 Government Consumption Expenditure 14.1 -1.904.202.2 528.739.380.343.3 -2.5 43.828.0 94.0 Gross Fixed Capital Formation 43.4 581.322.491.222.116.0 534.313.2 234.227.7 418.8 30.840.384.999. Thus.778.7 230.9 50.119.6 76.0 -646.830.537.778.8 57.1 273.0 5.227.292.380.410.297.362.552.4 24.055.4 -4.761.606.3 -786.550.575.0 -2. they are not additive prior to the base year.008.161.405. the aggregates at 2005 prices may not be equal to the sum of their components.637.6 -2.752.4 583.867.070.888.5 -6.855.9 569.466.057.8 264.8 -4.8 44.231.0 259.6 -722.656.334.1 Changes in Inventories Net Exports of Goods & Services Exports of Goods & Services Less : Imports of Goods & Services Statistical Discrepancy Note: As the constant price series are chain-linked at the base year.403.143.3 Net Exports of Goods & Services Exports of Goods & Services Less : Imports of Goods & Services Statistical Discrepancy At 2005 Market Prices Total 151.7 418.4 24.4 68.1 1.7 226.026.739.1 30.4 EXPENDITURE ON GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT Million Dollars 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 At Current Market Prices Total 143.8 208.484.2 80.363.4 548.7 626.4 20.9 250.202.2 - 168.132.2 208.2 50.7 -3.3 83.7 44.4 21.116.689.0 98. prior to 2005.9 61.7 -1.5 -2.732.7 247.212.973.1 48.120.4 86.958.2 266.383.2 50.8 472.548.6 426.555.027.416.9 83.904.1 376.699.9 66.230.4 -6.3 56.227.688.8 62.3 Government Consumption Expenditure 15.1 194.749.848.306.3 28.2 541.972.616.

5 7.679.9 1.9 6.4 86.216.0 98.093.4 15.387.7 10.687.112.3 7.0 8.837.1 108.868.075.2 At 2005 Market Prices Total Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco Clothing & Footwear Housing & Utilities Furnishings.735.7 15.507.868. the aggregates at 2005 prices may not be equal to the sum of their components.680.695.7 2.1 9.421.567.758.1 3.7 1.339.449.761.840.5 2.835.6 20.266.911.6 6.4 6.5 12.2 7.4 3.0 12.1 6.526.997.754.4 13.544.842.384.2 13.622.363.4 2.2 13.4 19.615.630.3 12.7 12.6 2.461.824. Household Equipment & Routine Household Maintenance Health Transport Communications Recreation & Culture Education Food Serving Services Accommodation Services Miscellaneous Goods & Services Add : Residents' Expenditure Abroad Less : Non-residents' Expenditure Locally 59.0 14.0 10.4 6.4 8.3 16.5 2.7 9.0 5.1 5.3 15.972.3 8.964.544.378.085.470.5 2.889.2 80.064.1 16.1 5. prior to 2005.618.9 3.543.747.201.7 1.850.624.869.2 6.1 80.668.7 4.3 1.7 12.563.364.797.1 6.348.3 1.7 9.932.2 10.649.0 5.8 2.850.214.379.8 13.959.466.211.4 9.640.034.4 5.263.470.301.499.8 107.102.710.070.4 2.5 5.621.5 3.8 91. they are not additive prior to the base year.461.5 2.665.3 5.259.1 12.8 1.797.7 2.2 4.946.7 12.607.4 2.703.8 13.1 14.1 6.5 13.5 PRIVATE CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE Million Dollars 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 At Current Market Prices Total Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco Clothing & Footwear Housing & Utilities Furnishings.0 12.1 5.7 13.631.573. Household Equipment & Routine Household Maintenance Health Transport Communications Recreation & Culture Education Food Serving Services Accommodation Services Miscellaneous Goods & Services Add : Residents' Expenditure Abroad Less : Non-residents' Expenditure Locally 60.168.8 9.548.222.3 8.127.691.3 14.517.5 13.4 8.366.2 12.5 7.9 1.187.3 2.215.346.1 2.946.2 6.113.097.271.8 10.852.680.5 2.026.6 17.830.8 2.274.0 12.0 5.0 2.362.526.874.7 8.2 16.754.9 3.1 9.1 1.7 Note: As the constant price series are chain-linked at the base year.530.5 15.795.825.9 83.259.3 5.0 7.272.509.4 5.698.064.337.545.6 6.888.901.8 1.7 5.157.0 7.8 9.0 12.851.9 1.5 6.3 83.7 14.987.830.5 12.713.1 8.669.948.2 15.9 9.320.759.218.637.6 13.464.2 2.2 2.6 2.587.0 94.4 88.3 5.9 1.8 1.961.944.9 1.499.9 14.403.938.018.313.2 3.296.681.658.525.5 6.6 6.323.375.5 6.778.746.1 2.2 2.585.3 6.3 5.881.615.8 1.0 2.4 9.9 1.6 1.061.798.5 15.140.4 16.645.293.847.9 94.094.271.3 5.3 6.0 16.203.5 14.4 2.120.999.3 12.272.470.142.3 11.6 1.7 1.5 5.0 11.3 1.6 2.7 17.6 11.8 15.236.6 1.643.8 1.4 2.578.090.704.1 4.961.747.7 2.3 7.2 9.4 4.9 1.1 2.896.336.3 1.1 14.9 2.501.7 1.1 15.3 5.4 1.463.7 5.135.4 4.1 9.0 2.618.627.6 15.157.944.619.871.626.2 6.291.029.199.1 5.744.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.6 8.4 2.7 4.894.1 1.624.3 6.212.914.654.0 1.292.836.0 2.910.778.467.7 2.102.469.535.630.832.211.5 14.892.216.2 5.1 14.3 6.8 6.7 4.3 6.420.9 6.393.0 14.472.6 13.4 13.2 13.5 1.106.2 7. Thus.694.543. 2010 5.374.346.748.438.675.889.7 2.222.823.420.901.6 3.320.5 6.939.1 2. .3 2.6 10.9 1.667.470.2 2.

193.1 10.273.491.2 50.8 Other Construction & Works 3.662.633.041.8 3.3 6.4 11.795.164.4 14.719.843. Equipment & Software Note: As the constant price series are chain-linked at the base year.1 9.691.4 12.613.9 30.628.2 12.3 20.325.8 43.4 7.1 15.802.214.6 3.2 18.1 20.2 5.900.6 19.565. prior to 2005.598.166.536.507.8 44.830.360.4 10.426.5 15.3 25.835.565.554.793.626.241.822.616.7 8.8 19.7 4.121.9 7.3 3.1 5.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.406.0 7.348.8 39.4 18.874.5 63.550.112.3 21.116.6 23.109.4 60.2 13.442.5 18.516.1 9.081.775.8 6.4 7. 2010 5.9 7.600.864.3 21.1 19.119.5 21.983.4 29.173. Thus.0 11.0 Construction & Works Residential Buildings Transport Equipment Machinery.862.135.002.827.227.196.364.453.8 6.948.1 8.5 Construction & Works Residential Buildings Transport Equipment Machinery.391. the aggregates at 2005 prices may not be equal to the sum of their components.573.3 14.9 19.2 Non-residential Buildings 8.992.748.2 16.216.9 8.074.9 22.154.0 3.1 5.3 9.1 5.0 5.8 2.5 3.831.3 44.3 14.575.958.7 44.7 21.4 68.2 33.9 8.116.0 5.8 18.273.732.719.7 26.5 21.4 76. .8 23.9 15.697.616.483.2 50.215.3 3.561.532.3 24.6 76.9 66.5 8.468.124.7 14.5 43.8 13.736. Equipment & Software At 2005 Market Prices Total 43.286.430.166.793.643.714.864.532.6 8.376.6 Non-residential Buildings 8.3 22. they are not additive prior to the base year.6 GROSS FIXED CAPITAL FORMATION Million Dollars 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 At Current Market Prices Total 47.7 11.978.210.0 3.833.0 12.360.4 18.585.2 Other Construction & Works 3.824.289.2 15.3 7.

2 Services Producing Industries Wholesale & Retail Trade Transport & Storage Hotels & Restaurants Information & Communications Financial Services Business Services Other Services Industries 94.0 99.7 88.4 124.9 112.2 100.3 114.7 183.0 100.0 100.1 106.3 100. 5.9 100.4 97. 2010 5.0 101.0 96.9 97.2 104.0 100.0 114.3 120.4 111.1 105.7 114.3 110.4 108.6 107.1 97.8 99.0 98.4 104.1 101.1 109.4 110.6 102.6 97.7 106.1 106.6 107.5 99.6 101.5 104.3 98.2 100.1 100.5 101.4 101.0 101.0 100.0 96.6 103.7 83.0 97.9 101.1 100.2 107.8 102.5 100.8 111.0 100.9 96.7 114.0 100.5 106.2 118.0 100.0 129.9 95.4 107.2 109.3 94.0 100. Fishing and Quarrying.9 112.2 131.4 109.8 DEFLATORS OF EXPENDITURE ON GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (2005 =100) 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 99.3 84. 1 Comprises Agriculture.5 101.0 102.0 137.2 92.7 GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT DEFLATORS BY INDUSTRY (2005 =100) Industry 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 95.2 100.6 106.6 105.0 100.9 96.7 97.0 103.6 GDP at Market Prices Goods Producing Industries Manufacturing Construction Utilities Other Goods Industries 1 Gross Value Added at Basic Prices Add : Taxes on Products Note : Data on industry are classified according to the Singapore Standard Industrial Classification 2005.7 115.4 108.3 104.3 Exports of Goods & Services 98.4 125.3 99.7 92.6 87.3 126.0 100.0 100.6 96.2 89.5 113.6 97.6 96.0 102.2 98.4 106.8 116.0 100.3 105.3 107.9 Imports of Goods & Services 100.4 113.9 101.0 100.5 100.1 95.1 101.6 108.9 102.1 107.9 115.2 127.7 106.4 98.9 113.3 169.2 105.3 91.1 100.7 91.7 100.4 95.2 98.2 92.0 132.8 Ownership of Dwellings 115.4 103.0 100.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.1 100.0 98.8 86.8 120.3 109.0 99.0 101.1 90.4 103.3 111.8 99.0 102.7 107.0 101.2 98.6 114.4 95.2 100.0 102.8 Total Private Consumption Expenditure Government Consumption Expenditure Gross Fixed Capital Formation .0 116.5 93.

234.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.8 111.405.332.998.2 1.792.9 190.513.933.0 13.153.5 101.7 96.2 265.3 Gross Operating Surplus 69.299.9 12.3 9.7 230.568.484.956. .000.918.6 99.131.484.9 13.6 -171.6 17.373.034.4 108.9 7.9 105.0 12.6 86.4 12.6 20.7 13.8 - 312.924.130.9 47.015.7 14.362.5 14.764.057.546.9 124.763.8 14.7 1.867.6 132.1 273.755.4 14.067.509.231.8 10.615.083.0 Total of Financial Corporations of Non-financial Corporations of Others 1 Taxes Less Subsidies on Production & on Imports Statistical Discrepancy 1 Refers to unincorporated enterprises and non-profit institutions.6 19.7 141.758.6 116.0 14.972.312.8 413.774.2 911.160.8 92.813.537.0 13.312.125.6 75.8 15.730.1 137.2 76.938.2 83. 2010 5.9 Compensation of Employees 61.032.360.0 20.9 INCOME COMPONENTS OF GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT ( At Current Market Prices ) Million Dollars 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 143.653.1 22.2 96.236.3 117.2 266.432.769.2 208.906.

8 3.1 119.959.4 2.5 -2.8 13.509.9 43.1 -3.448.3 1.198.9 -187.0 1.7 29.4 1.167.802.8 6.844.493.3 326.8 2.0 123.962.4 -3.8 191.7 -1.362.644.353.9 15.696.9 142.920.3 -435.516.9 1.5 1.6 453.1 315.401.751.848.2 50.433.9 2.086.9 105.6 -4.141.4 44.0 7.2 -4.694.277.5 901.743.0 819.8 1.410.7 25.2 103.2 44.3 47.204.563.7 35.5 11.652.140.107.2 19.644.965.2 12.919.0 103.464.1 463.5 -2.5 15.098.150.186.6 -442.8 -47.9 -1.9 -310.097.9 306.2 2.0 -13.473.7 17.4 73.5 42.173.2 1.2 304.1 280.3 -14.0 -28.9 3.3 1.8 1.7 48.6 23.6 35.216.0 1.4 4.3 10.9 352.904.6 81.0 1.0 881.0 445.0 385. .985.878.6 -27.419.632.974.589.3 B Capital and Financial Account Balance -22.2 62.968.6 Capital Account (Net) Financial Account (Net) Direct Investment Abroad In Reporting Country -324.5 642.287.5 1.411.059.403.487.401.495.9 79.2 -18.0 17.4 1.188.2 -34.440.733.9 18.414.6 43.497.403.1 1.0 8.10 BALANCE OF PAYMENTS Million Dollars 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 24.9 1.943.3 299.228.8 16.3 436.1 7.973.2 323.3 368.817.2 3.3 3.9 24.7 76.974.4 325.625.711.9 -2.971.7 32.508.879.347.4 414.7 46.0 1.4 13.5 53.6 214.889.622.311.374.982.6 855.5 -10.783.385.3 22.972.1 387.6 A Current Account Balance Goods Balance Exports of Goods Imports of Goods Services Balance Exports of Services Transportation Travel Insurance Government Construction Financial Computer & Information 1 Communications Royalties Social Other Business Services Imports of Services Transportation Travel Insurance Government Construction Financial Computer & Information 1 Communications Royalties Social Other Business Services Income Balance Income Receipts Income Payments Current Transfers (Net) General Government Other Sectors (continued on next page) 1 Data prior to 2000 are classified under 'Other Business Services'.9 49.3 7.3 -390.3 548.157.9 28.337.6 3.1 3.404.734.0 1.2 43.663.651.638.6 1.7 51.348.770.0 -367.8 37.7 69.4 -2.412.328.0 28.2 191.8 187.4 81.9 28.8 131.5 12.571.901.1 53.2 96.584.5 786.315.933.385.1 7.740.7 84.921.5 71.7 2.374.400.9 1.494.618.438.8 1.569.2 -178.1 14.222.329.280.5 60.2 -12.935.769.664.513.031.8 483. 2010 5.8 112.8 -335.084.912.8 17.409.0 -13.282.600.246.9 302.7 -23.399.535.920.9 430.521.524.483.2 1.9 86.2 25.424.3 349.766.9 6.5 313.3 1.6 35.7 32.6 24.1 27.8 532.0 39.5 2.032.8 55.9 387.5 62.9 401.8 21.261.840.7 1.0 338.273.374.301.7 -8.7 11.5 9.3 -12.3 17.8 -1.6 -11.0 13.0 357.927.5 -47.738.3 3.007.509.915.9 -226.5 250.4 2.1 15.632.591.3 14.298.490.2 1.900.2 91.7 1.1 297.2 281.5 490.8 312.5 50.169.2 26.360.4 835.137.482.764.704.3 30.6 -33.3 44.247.7 1.1 30.4 67.7 12.874.1 1.7 302.3 -18.4 737.2 15.5 2.958.8 -41.494.3 -3.3 19.5 81.985.8 16.453.1 336.625.565.3 46.5 335.8 422.425.7 345.538.9 -2.508.432.916.2 -184.258.9 2.071.342.731.433.9 455.800.559.8 35.996.1 17.685.9 -29.430.299.7 15.7 310.480.766.556.916.276.780.0 2.3 -214.4 396.126.7 1.667.275.4 238.5 127.5 -235.406.9 37.3 -4.4 41.756.220.961.579.710.2 1.527.3 608.458.4 386.0 285.769.5 13.9 1.7 -29.140.8 92.1 50.328.2 931.5 -108.9 24.0 -29.9 31.4 343.5 38.629.8 -2.1 85.331.4 1.465.7 8.5 299.4 14.190.093.178.8 15.995.887.269.0 16.184.075.452.5 -3.034.671.642.0 -21.5 17.295.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.409.462.1 3.9 33.047.6 12.1 3.278.255.7 13.299.673.865.0 -23.9 -2.692.027.3 570.506.

4 -29.7 4.113.7 -22.9 -1.694.484.919.4 55.951.997.2 -7.7 -92.7 -10.5 -1.264.076.590.396.160.0 1.251.7 10.6 2.957.9 20.9 14.5 -35.6 -29.6 -6.470.1 -127.6 64.7 1.554.6 2.9 -22.6 -1. .9 -5.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.3 2.2 -10.8 -16.305.969.372.107.937.402.8 -7.3 7.8 -20.8 -15.1 -3.267.1 -9.0 -20.839.369.4 -39.7 26.5 -3.7 19.7 243.2 -119.882.291.4 421.629.024.661.3 85.531.503.4 -43.6 18.223.297.436.937.1 -9.754.037.411.413.2 -20.1 -6.367.531.5 -5.7 -56.1 -47.171.105.9 10.5 2.0 -1.2 29.185.0 5.2 -1.9 -25.1 -8.6 240.7 15.7 -16.311.8 10.6 -1.0 2.7 29.119.550.3 -21.068.9 37.204.646.171.5 -56.6 -851.815.8 -30.314.0 -990.460.1 -801.9 -122.363.1 16.9 2.2 18.821.8 -118.534.6 -4.321.016.9 -15.9 -17.104.117.5 26.8 10.0 -13.7 1.0 -35.3 -10.910.4 -36.205.487.0 19.2 -7.8 D Overall Balance (A+B+C) 7.0 49.5 -57.946.4 -22.556.591.5 -717.030.992.006.4 -8.4 71.291.106.031.5 -10.9 30.838.321.3 -13.0 -88.6 -16.965.9 -32.431.085.7 -10.756.607.072.7 5.0 404.2 -57.4 -16.970.7 26.386.581.1 -13.675.456.0 -11.297.3 -38.1 -541.995.0 -20.468.092.9 -19.8 -4.6 3.9 -16.5 -55.2 20.234.396.5 -26.008.8 -15.7 -14.8 610.0 4.223.3 -20.995.9 -11.468.868.355.964.353.1 29.980.8 4.411.8 -20.956.705.030.759.473.858.872.8 -18.468.564.596.641.1 -40.7 1.7 -10.0 -27.374.264.3 91.928.456.7 -16.284.1 -18.7 38.1 -39.2 -17.356.3 5.1 -10.7 -45. 2010 5.505.10 BALANCE OF PAYMENTS (continued) Million Dollars 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Portfolio Investment Assets Banks Official Others Liabilities Banks Others -16.373.2 -47.5 -26.077.3 -1.7 -2.910.233.2 -40.4 Other Investment Assets Banks Official Others Liabilities Banks Others -20.815.191.7 -68.352.090.006.8 27.012.3 2 E Official Reserves (Net) Special Drawing Rights Reserves Position in the IMF Foreign Exchange Assets 2 Increase in assets is indicated by a minus (-) sign.867.970.586.8 C Net Errors and Omissions 4.9 19.

0 10.2 3.0 10.9 90.0 13.939.6 54.471.4 4.137.9 4.0 2.892.439.3 Wholesale & Retail Trade 5.3 67.2 84.021.999.1 5. 2010 5.4 54.909.109.5 13.0 14.106.5 Information & Communications 485.460.0 2.012.633.065.151.744.8 758.9 2.341.7 17.9 103.188.5 Transport & Storage 2.628.3 4.9 1.212.613.856.3 72.9 9.5 23.12 STOCK OF SINGAPORE'S DIRECT INVESTMENT ABROAD BY INDUSTRY (End of Period) Million Dollars Industry Total Manufacturing Construction 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 75.230.7 86.576.3 8.925.4 671.666.6 8.4 153.1 95.9 11.465.0 11.8 7.0 179.222.8 980.819.4 4.530.8 1.0 2.1 177.4 7.813.7 43.4 986.884.930.140.654.3 10.035.2 9.508.021.548. Rental & Leasing 5.754.7 3.4 276.651.090.8 Hotels & Restaurants 1.5 33.786.596.7 9.2 37.883.172.185.7 150.285.335.8 298.3 4.522.8 5.0 107.3 3.0 3.313.349.794. Rental & Leasing 7.315.8 10.8 246.6 2.515.569.5 4.400.128.020. 5.2 14.7 2.8 850.761.2 101.1 768.0 7.4 7.124.3 897.5 748.885.5 14.821.2 880.0 2.539.9 Note : The industries are classified according to Singapore Standard Industrial Classification 2005.3 Financial & Insurance Services 37.4 1.820.2 10.7 46.0 133.9 18.4 465.5 2.250.598.1 20.561.234.913.7 1.0 1.760.203.322.4 35.178.274.2 121.9 2.0 17.1 19.887.387.2 246.2 2.483.2 Professional & Technical.9 7.180.456.800.903.397.9 51.5 Financial & Insurance Services 53.0 924.168.0 1.8 17.0 76. Administrative & Support Services Others 596.8 4.351.985.6 470.0 10.685.197.3 146.765.9 Total Manufacturing Construction Wholesale & Retail Trade Hotels & Restaurants Transport & Storage Information & Communications Professional & Technical.862.572.756.6 3.1 2. .1 62.5 104.7 Real Estate.4 151.430.8 421.1 11.471.5 314.692.2 323.1 5.2 8.819.8 85.2 202.846.240.2 15.571.349.4 116. Administrative & Support Services Others Note : The industries are classified according to Singapore Standard Industrial Classification 2005.365.101.2 106.1 10.446.641.659.142.425.009.501.7 3.913.432.395.751.610.742.2 1.078.101.2 99.5 194.5 2.11 STOCK OF FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT IN SINGAPORE BY INDUSTRY (End of Period) Million Dollars Industry 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 144.475.224.407.8 7.215.3 30.9 Real Estate.2 13.622.9 13.908.1 370.5 978.525.3 913.520.904.1 1.9 2.8 8.2 6.4 13.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.206.5 37.2 149.252.865.0 192.035.056.4 7.6 10.0 3.213.517.0 187.725.7 3.7 24.043.951.

2 7.0 57.475.9 1. Greece.4 1.4 5.1 370.1 22.317.482. Philippines.6 48.0 44.9 28. .549.8 4.7 44.9 2.278.591.4 14.8 341.0 1.1 4.3 132.527.591.5 2.6 27.2 11.0 51.744.4 90.086.9 97.093.8 26.1 1.159.836. the Netherlands.136.1 12.755.703.906.162.954.2 11.986.6 3.9 33.476. Latvia.8 103.550.0 37.7 7.9 359.7 3.6 287.7 380.819.9 30.701.5 51.6 Australia New Zealand 3.631.3 38.7 6.7 5.563.9 139.153.9 78.412.5 94.812. Slovakia and Slovenia.232.369.2 82.662.458.5 1.0 3.0 France Germany Netherlands Switzerland United Kingdom 3.619.6 7.0 3.349.743.303.7 38.0 8.1 38.4 174.097.9 5.5 9.730. Portugal. Republic of Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Taiwan Thailand Vietnam ASEAN 1 Europe European Union South and Central America and the Caribbean Other Regions/Countries nec 1 Value for ASEAN foreign direct investment (FDI) into Singapore comprises FDI from Brunei Darussalam.990.846.3 9.2 6.793.3 131.4 160.1 United States Canada 22.7 1.5 8.974.0 984.13 STOCK OF FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT IN SINGAPORE BY REGION/COUNTRY (End of Period) Million Dollars Region/Country 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Total 144.5 26.961.418.2 32.801.947.540.019.211.8 9.226.5 7.276.5 283.0 104.035.015.615.8 117.712.253.906.5 5.8 3.7 3.6 107.034.5 6.189.1 49.5 2.598.032.069.736.7 50.7 177.5 1.0 4.9 8.987. Denmark.2 856.7 55.5 141.8 739.6 7.631.116. European Union (27) refers to European Union (25) and the 2 countries Romania and Bulgaria.970. Finland and Sweden.3 7.263.092.1 309.1 32. United Kingdom.946.4 62.8 1.8 16.541.8 7.876.3 2.2 1.2 95. Lithuania.674.0 27.9 16.6 1.7 41. 2010 5.265.453.4 21.395.7 2.7 910.936.950.369.6 17. Indonesia.8 3.725.7 41.6 5.091.378. With effect from 2007.Cyprus. Italy.901.467.6 470.593. Malta.479.025.4 51. 2 Prior to 2004.445.617.444.823.959.242.9 51.574.588.653.6 8.704.5 780.7 11.7 7.7 8.560.315.6 11.6 13.7 Brunei Darussalam China Hong Kong India Indonesia Japan Korea.273.020.672.267.2 753.9 16.185.4 276.5 1.2 3.6 151.314.8 3.6 2. European Union (15) consists of Belgium. the Czech Republic. Austria.7 47.104.681.1 120.1 49.040.2 1.427.038.7 10.1 297.2 323.4 7.7 2.759.5 26.983.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore. Poland.2 37.362.0 357.576.092.003. Germany.2 12.527. Estonia.7 4.2 1.7 7.7 139.318.009.905.485.208.1 6.6 8.325.405.525.090.982.7 1.0 4. Ireland.5 2.169.1 6.4 4.743.734.7 1.469.919.658.126.454. With effect from 2004.2 516.8 19.142.6 707.711.3 1.0 9.7 1.6 60.3 114.9 1.139. France.4 465.7 11.6 2.1 24.689.8 481.9 12.1 683.3 98. Hungary.161.5 31.766.3 43.4 2.113.2 246.9 13. European Union (25) refers to European Union (15) and the ten countries .4 17.9 Asia 43. Luxemborg.0 94.3 985.810.9 1.1 7.577.4 787.2 1.0 846.976. Malaysia.3 62.8 193.517.6 871.290.141. Laos.2 2.197.5 49.505.2 6.471.836.7 4. Myanmar.9 197.1 40.0 2.9 82. Thailand and Vietnam.252.013.924.821.196.9 16.618.4 6.502. Spain. Cambodia.8 353.9 108.0 2 35.9 48.

1 11.4 1.9 178.1 3.541. France.2 13.578.222. Latvia.323.9 61.063.6 624.2 11. the Czech Republic.203.2 1.058.464.534.3 146.815.0 1.3 1.8 113.196.8 2.2 31.346.2 16.902. Malaysia.254.275.532.2 739. Slovakia and Slovenia.266.708. European Union (15) consists of Belgium.527.2 France Germany Netherlands Switzerland United Kingdom 98.8 76. Italy.8 3. European Union (27) refers to European Union (25) and the 2 countries Romania and Bulgaria.6 12.2 2.638.2 238. Myanmar.3 1.548.8 5.687.0 179.328.3 16.5 1.9 7.6 107.1 13. Laos.311.267.5 14.817.5 8.219.6 11.8 2.9 18.0 8.4 United States Canada 3.826.557.061.3 European Union2 8. Finland and Sweden.7 865. Poland.3 191.9 107.5 5.668.6 7.0 101.607.5 63.718.1 47.6 4.543.1 225.457.058. Spain.5 1.287.6 1.293.744.7 9.945.6 626. Philippines.141.0 12.386.3 3.1 10. Denmark.4 27.578.6 1.894.689.345.9 5.2 202.471. With effect from 2007.784.Cyprus.966.914.462.6 122.7 640.0 55.8 701.1 2.9 6.2 42.4 10.946.4 19.3 3.1 9.9 2.130.2 24.762.6 32.518.8 1 18.872.3 17.081.0 594.742.125.331.4 653.196.0 20.647.4 4.5 34.484.8 13.525.0 393.541.067.415.554. Ireland.597. Hungary.213.9 18.8 2.6 46.950.8 3. Portugal.746.058.6 17.0 315.8 17.1 18.732.705.1 27.7 22.6 13.119.2 598.557.2 48.5 669.020.661.8 298.050.6 42.3 8.710.668.220.255.515.3 3.816.214.386.786.9 51.3 601.220. Malta.2 4.3 14.6 4.9 12.8 12.9 15.8 1.377.234.4 17.182.2 10.0 598.722.814.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.6 22.969.2 18.093.543.193.2 10. 2 Prior to 2004. Luxemborg.057. United Kingdom.1 25.1 14.0 1.8 5. 2010 5. Austria.521.981.126.0 158.8 Asia 42.7 1.7 40.375.2 114.6 2.3 3.8 2.335.8 16.4 33.1 4.0 595.2 2.626.020.3 3.689.0 39.9 224.5 237.6 670.729.4 104.986.768.0 3.820.461.461.348.1 ASEAN Europe South and Central America and the Caribbean Other Regions/Countries nec 1 Value for Singapore's direct investment abroad (DIA) into ASEAN comprises DIA into Brunei Darussalam.1 2.191.132.631.5 9.6 4.743.113.334.8 85.4 158.1 11.078.892.5 314. Thailand and Vietnam.5 4.391.1 3.9 3.4 1. Germany.599.5 607. Indonesia.300.572.2 39.8 2.297.3 7.935.7 Brunei Darussalam China Hong Kong India Indonesia Japan Korea.259.4 153.4 2.069.7 1.2 8.0 263.400.943.341.2 8.9 20.024.0 1.7 996.452.4 19.0 55. Estonia. Greece.8 1.4 2. Republic of Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Taiwan Thailand Vietnam 63.145.610. Lithuania. the Netherlands.9 3. Cambodia.0 634.14 STOCK OF SINGAPORE'S DIRECT INVESTMENT ABROAD BY REGION/COUNTRY (End of Period) Million Dollars Region/Country 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Total 75.591.186.287.6 47.8 33. With effect from 2004.0 12.8 7.8 246.3 1.8 411.222.7 12.2 33.5 1.298.590.9 53.9 943.622.3 41.101.9 15.7 67.830.5 63.4 4.491.5 Australia New Zealand 1.0 7.6 34. European Union (25) refers to European Union (15) and the ten countries .921.4 992.0 98.924.823.969. .9 7.7 17.878.5 120.3 1.4 107.294.9 3.2 15.404.406.901.4 3.5 69.599.

242.438.834.4 316.966.5 1.8 4.409.1 3.574.256. 1 Prior to 2004.282.3 2.614.437.668.229.428.8 1. 2010 5.784.1 1.751.227. With effect from 2004.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.1 2.3 1.7 870.1 1.422.740.597.5 639.7 14.7 112. Finland and Sweden.2 3.8 Belgium Denmark France Germany Italy Netherlands Norway Switzerland United Kingdom 349.211.1 19.3 1.9 717.0 318.2 13.5 4.7 1. European Union (27) refers to European Union (25) and the 2 countries Romania and Bulgaria.684.475.4 686.096.656.942.8 143. Italy.9 91.9 681.4 3.3 430.4 2.9 2.552.1 1.402.011.699.880.2 407.7 10.1 753.825.1 3.4 1.1 4.3 9.4 4.078.8 750.597.353.179.490.489.0 981.855. the Czech Republic. the Netherlands.3 469.1 2.0 3.8 412.1 1. Austria.668. European Union (15) consists of Belgium.7 1.3 17.8 5.1 499.4 3.455.1 256.152.158.831.4 575.096.216.8 1.2 12.8 682. Ireland.547. Greece.282.0 3.1 176.332.8 646.5 2.0 2.8 113.332.9 776.9 1.0 1.7 866.996.5 United States of America Canada 7.7 ASEAN 8.9 2.012.5 13.6 5.3 521.0 8.454.3 594.1 10.0 4.566.5 240.3 904.0 1.4 8.9 2.608.734.444.4 1. Poland.7 608. .2 825. France. United Kingdom.9 16.4 71.Cyprus.6 1.6 2.0 3.093.4 202.4 582.716.448.4 3.1 79.402.361.8 9.0 1.234.216.015.7 118.043.6 1.1 174.910.2 5. With effect from 2007.5 4.7 600.3 1 8. Republic of Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand United Arab Emirates Vietnam 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 29.475.6 162. Portugal.2 4. Luxembourg.5 5.228.3 2. Hungary.484.868.8 15. Lithuania.8 7.1 57.869.185.5 2.342.990.296.1 3.8 2.270. Slovakia and Slovenia.5 Europe 10. Malta.3 275.8 3.139.1 80.488. Germany. Spain.2 1.4 2.6 526.5 388.163.023.4 3.6 2.6 14.0 716.9 942.212.111.4 South and Central America and the Carribean Panama 1.9 82.447.478.5 1.366. Estonia.818.512.2 5.7 6.896.260.952.7 2.479.6 3.221.1 937.358.6 2.6 1.15 EXPORTS OF SERVICES BY MAJOR TRADING PARTNER Million Dollars Trading Partners Asia Brunei Darussalam Cambodia China Hong Kong India Indonesia Japan Korea.2 16.4 2.9 21.837.102.211.617.7 360.750.299.7 12.9 2.3 3.691.0 3.161.2 1.1 2.9 269.0 3.2 380.267.211.5 729.9 2.5 51.9 313.7 4.7 1.487.1 124.6 4.9 24.6 2.1 1.097.264. Denmark.152.044.4 15.984.064.323.441.2 2.207.3 2.8 168.792.2 907.490.2 1.714.182.6 439.7 2.939.5 303.3 36.3 4.4 110.056.221.048.617.533.718.8 155.4 2.281.018.119.3 10.6 99.3 2.0 3.701.3 4.8 1.9 1.9 4.8 45.433.201.0 712.8 830.075.608.6 9.4 Australia New Zealand 2.9 626.2 4.420.141.5 10.9 982.879.8 5.405.6 1.7 43.9 215.7 European Union Africa Note: Figures presented in this table are solely compiled from the Trade in Services survey.4 7.5 7.6 1.420. Latvia.790.3 2.6 2.9 2.879. European Union (25) refers to European Union (15) and the ten countries .9 4.3 209.9 4.6 4.4 2.8 244.9 40.167.640.3 219.3 1.0 10.9 426.050.4 925.1 569.6 3.

041.7 1.9 349.278.0 1.3 2.0 48.067. Slovakia and Slovenia.9 47.6 1.083.1 1.4 112.586.8 1.6 3.627.3 221.722.9 335.433.0 286.128. Germany. Portugal.3 ASEAN 3.488.0 20.046.7 1.8 192.594.8 358.348.858.7 18.1 842.575.0 448.1 362.5 13.1 37.2 1.443.6 299.0 49.4 588.133.158.0 235.7 935. Austria.7 2.9 216. Lithuania.2 1.6 701.3 5. Republic of Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand United Arab Emirates Vietnam 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 12.3 1.5 98.713.8 173.8 20.762.9 2.9 155.544.3 357.1 155. Finland and Sweden.2 7.7 3.679.8 60.9 123.7 17.900.4 2.1 746.0 142.7 170.661.354.16 IMPORTS OF SERVICES BY MAJOR TRADING PARTNER Million Dollars Trading Partners Asia Brunei Darussalam Cambodia China Hong Kong India Indonesia Japan Korea. With effect from 2007.0 733.3 44.4 21.8 1.9 696.1 209.1 7.5 1.177.5 6.6 1.7 828.3 1.6 20.496.2 1.6 4.7 522.007.7 16.4 1.940.270.1 799.363.6 1.570.560.3 111.283.077.877.173.182. Latvia.405.079.950. Greece.6 251.091.3 3. Denmark.5 1.024.7 1.8 762.116.8 European Union1 9.332.5 611.0 3.4 27.784.4 113.9 783.869.1 331. Spain.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.0 1.866.0 1.297. Estonia.7 1. Ireland.5 1.757.9 1.3 61.027.8 565.2 16.545.8 378. United Kingdom.077.3 1.9 30.9 4.392. Hungary.848.4 326.297.673.9 4.3 518.3 1.5 3.8 1.319.969.7 220.6 16.488.187.9 2. Poland.770.5 1.0 1.214.7 824.7 2.457.5 21.9 303.0 1.3 1.8 161.8 1.1 16.753.7 5. the Czech Republic.0 402.6 2.7 42.8 United States of America Canada Africa Note: Figures presented in this table are solely compiled from the Trade in Services survey.849.401.4 98.360.0 141.1 331.890.949.147.1 282.0 988.5 1.6 45. Malta.271.0 13.6 2. Italy.782.260.3 305.1 414.7 505.8 826.5 54.6 2.9 1.7 5.2 627.0 60.5 1.5 123.8 3.0 Belgium Denmark France Germany Italy Netherlands Norway Switzerland United Kingdom 98.9 806.800.582.8 23.078.9 994.2 376.463.480.154.9 Europe 11.189.280.0 544.4 7.296.1 South and Central America and the Carribean Panama 1.9 664.1 219.2 9.7 270.556.4 342.4 7.0 2.2 25.066.5 446.863.9 1.4 643.004.0 1.3 2.087.189.6 4.9 196.5 924.902.5 216.441. 2010 5.353.500.7 Australia New Zealand 1.8 4.2 5.6 415.3 439.387.0 1.9 69.258.036.5 5. France.3 2. .208.538. European Union (25) refers to European Union (15) and the ten countries .5 14.3 196.3 4.2 1.345.0 145.827.232.277.2 31. With effect from 2004.149.1 1.3 17.3 1.3 1.0 5.5 2. the Netherlands.5 2.3 2.9 206.4 171.1 1.6 10.8 72. European Union (15) consists of Belgium.9 30.7 2. European Union (27) refers to European Union (25) and the 2 countries Romania and Bulgaria.6 685. Luxembourg.5 39.2 19.120.712.8 314.267. 1 Prior to 2004.469.5 301.3 1.0 17.3 1.419.2 2.562.9 879.1 511.744.392.399.664.Cyprus.3 1.1 2.2 556.160.7 87.

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT .

Technology and Research (A*STAR). Definitions R&D Manpower Researchers: Refers to professionals who are engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge. higher education. Figures for R&D expenditure in each current year are expressed in nominal terms and are not adjusted for inflation. Other supporting staff: Includes skilled and unskilled craftsmen. . They participate in R&D by performing scientific and technical tasks that involve the application of concepts and operational methods. products. To facilitate international comparability. processes. normally under the supervision of researchers. government and public research institutes sectors. Only one patent is awarded to an invention irrespective of the number of countries the patent is being applied or awarded. secretarial and clerical staff participating in R&D projects or directly associated with such projects. excluding depreciation provisions). Patents Refers to patents that are a result of R&D activities carried out in Singapore. Patent data published in the National Survey of R&D are as reported by survey respondents. R&D Expenditure Includes capital expenditure (acquisition of fixed tangible assets involved in R&D activities. conducted annually by the Agency for Science. or management of the projects concerned. methods and systems.6 RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT R&D IN SINGAPORE Data on Research & Development (R&D) in Singapore are collected through the National Survey of R&D. Researchers are further subclassified into: (a) Research scientists and engineers (RSEs) (b) Full-time postgraduate research students (FPGRS) (c) Non-degree researchers Technicians: Refers to persons whose main tasks require more technical knowledge and experience in one or more fields of science and technology. data from the survey are collected and presented based on guidelines provided in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys on Research and Experimental Development. The scope of the survey covers R&D activities in the private. Managers and administrators engaged in the planning and management of the scientific and technical aspects of a researcher’s work also fall into this category. R&D manpower costs. “Frascati Manual” (Sixth Edition). and other R&D-related operating expenditures.

5 4.2 5.288 3.582.605 3.718 2.374 3.015 Technicians 2.1 7.1 305.0 3.7 6.374 3.874 2.8 544.031.0 2.655 17.825 31.120.291 3.081.1 1.7 442. Technology and Research 1 RSE denotes Research Scientists and Engineers.8 350. Data exclude postgraduate students.042 4.1 ORGANISATIONS PERFORMING R&D BY SECTOR Number Sector Total Private Higher Education Government Public Research Institutes 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 604 662 811 951 951 1.504 12.049 947 571 6 13 14 617 9 24 12 765 9 25 12 900 9 26 16 897 9 28 17 992 9 29 19 888 10 30 19 Source : Agency for Science.0 442.397 Total Researchers RSE 1 FPGRS 2 Non-Degree Source : Agency for Science.0 770.8 299.823 3.339.7 518.094 3.8 4.275 4.061.057 4.8 Source : Agency for Science.761 3.006 34.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.5 435. 2010 6. 6.009.422 3.5 753.2 457.8 450.3 5. 2 FPGRS denotes Full-time Postgraduate Research Students.2 605.8 730.763 2.0 575.224 3.705 2.203 2.5 2.492.065 2.007 28.536. Technology and Research .932 3.3 3.128.0 424.293.522 36.742 Supporting Staff 1.506 25.074 18.0 709.255 40. Technology and Research 6.3 478.338 22.424.265 3.3 R&D EXPENDITURE BY SECTOR Million Dollars Sector Total Private Higher Education Government Public Research Institutes 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2.549 2.9 4.0 603.3 622.913 3.590.191 38.235.611 3.2 R&D MANPOWER BY OCCUPATION Number Occupation 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 19.935 21.745 2.8 630.1 3.675 24. Data for 2000 onwards include full-time postgraduate students only.

0 252.5 R&D EXPENDITURE BY TYPE OF COSTS.1 237.7 0.7 174.1 144.6 258.0 7. Machinery & Equipment 2.8 121.2 290.1 292.1 134.2 393.4 1.128.209.8 375.1 14.5 26.2 50.7 7.8 544.062. 2008 Million Dollars Area of Research Total Agricultural & Food Sciences Engineering & Technology Biomedical & Related Sciences Natural Sciences (excl Biological Sciences) Others Higher Education Sector Government Sector Public Research Institutes Total Private Sector 7.4 340.497.0 82.334.0 25.7 2.120.121. Technology and Research 1 RSE denotes Research Scientists and Engineers.3 75.9 1.5 347.2 28.128.8 290.2 162.7 170.7 1.1 280. 2010 6. Plants.8 95.4 93.1 71.9 0.0 709.1 200. Buildings & Other Structures Vehicles.5 1.2 85.557.6 129.9 54.0 709.0 2. 2 FPGRS denotes Full-time Postgraduate Research Students.4 1.4 153.5 216.0 13.997.565. 2008 Million Dollars Higher Education Sector Public Research Institutes Total Private Sector 7.8 Capital Costs Land.1 1.0 565.005.8 1.0 222. Technology and Research 6.6 574.5 753.002.1 5.831.2 2.0 2.9 201.7 2.5 90.5 28.1 5.6 300.296.7 300.2 73.0 106.6 106.3 4.9 51.5 402.861.0 153.9 90.768.4 R&D EXPENDITURE BY AREA OF RESEARCH.7 32.1 267.4 Source : Agency for Science.5 Manpower Costs Researchers 2.6 121.8 38.1 Type of Costs Total RSE 1 FPGRS 2 Non-Degree Technicians Others Other Operating Costs Source : Agency for Science. Government Sector .1 4.8 544.8 222.120.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.2 1.353.5 753.4 228.

649.4 12.785 5.570 3.4 3.727 1.091.3 2.8 1.0 1.6 R&D EXPENDITURE BY MAJOR INDUSTRY IN THE PRIVATE SECTOR Million Dollars 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2.213.031.8 Total Manufacturing Source : Agency for Science.986.314 2. Technology and Research 6.4 Services 469.0 4.590.8 3.4 13.0 3.6 1.293. .974.3 2.548.475 4.120.075.235.717 5.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.7 1.036 1.7 Others 107.0 13.0 928.3 3.455 Patents Applied 579 1.0 5.1 1.7 R&D OUTPUT Number 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Patents Owned 1 847 2.581 Patents Awarded 136 460 599 877 933 953 730 Source : Agency for Science.594 2.7 3.7 2.001 1. 2010 6.6 519.749.9 1.356.9 1.053.257 1.514.081. Technology and Research 1 As at end of period.2 2.245.3 2.1 1.

THE CORPORATE SECTOR .

Current Ratio: Defined as the ratio of current assets (including outstanding funds due from holding and related companies) to current liabilities (including outstanding amount due to holding and related companies). Reserves refer to the company's retained surpluses. the net fixed assets of a branch is used as an approximation of the amount of foreign capital invested in Singapore.e.7 THE CORPORATE SECTOR Data on the Corporate Sector cover all companies incorporated or registered in Singapore. funding which is not from its shareholders or its overseas headquarters in the case of the local branch of a foreign enterprise. revaluation gains. The lower is the ratio below 1. contains analysis of the data and detailed tables showing the aggregated balance sheets and profit and loss accounts. For Singapore branches of foreign banks. after accounting for payments to all other capital suppliers. Rate of Return on Total Equity (ROE): Defined as the ratio of pre-tax profit to the average of total equity in the beginning and at the end of the year. Paid-up capital is the amount contributed by shareholders to the company. The ratio measures the dependence of companies on external funding i. This ratio measures the liquidity of companies. This ratio measures the efficiency of companies in their use of resources available to them. Other References The report “Singapore’s Corporate Sector”. published by the Singapore Department of Statistics. share premium and other reserve funds earmarked for contingencies. the higher is the company’s dependence on external funding. The lower is this ratio. A ratio of 1 indicates that the company has exactly balanced its current liabilities with current assets. A ratio above 1 indicates an excess of liquidity in the company. the rate of return that companies have earned on the capital provided by shareholders. . including branches of foreign companies. All data are extracted from audited financial accounts. etc. their ability to meet current debt payments when due. This ratio measures the profitability i. the higher is the risk of the company running into a liquidity problem.e. Definitions Equity: Defined as the amount of paidup capital and reserves of a company. the net amount owing to the head office is used. Rate of Return on Total Assets (ROA): Defined as the ratio of pre-tax profit before deducting interest payments to the average of total assets in the beginning and at the end of the year. i. These are collected directly via a postal survey or from the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority (ACRA). For branches of other foreign corporations.e. Equity Ratio: Defined as the ratio of shareholders’ equity and net amount due to foreign head office to total assets. improvements. Partnerships and sole proprietorships are not included because of the difficulty in obtaining financial statements for such business enterprises.

171.5 27.2 1.8 59.6 42.2 43.5 11.5 351.8 24.4 7.4 16.2 124.7 5.0 782.6 2.8 14.8 3.7 79.2 68.2 401.7 45.4 60.4 82.3 274.4 2.9 142.7 59.2 447.933.4 1.8 14.2 58.8 93.0 131.3 2.7 57.0 30.0 14.0 160.3 5.142.4 .595.0 7.051.487.8 28.9 229.7 52.7 5.2 TOTAL ASSETS BY INDUSTRY (End of Period) Billion Dollars Industry Total Financial & Insurance Services Non-Financial & Insurance Services Manufacturing Construction Wholesale & Retail Trade Hotels & Restaurants Transport & Storage Information & Communications Real Estate.6 210.1 12.6 208.5 840.7 339.951.0 38.862. Rental & Leasing Professional & Technical.4 162.9 27.9 Financial & Insurance Services 189.8 5.5 13.5 56.4 26.3 5.0 1.3 261.5 353.4 34.9 3.7 13.4 118.3 18.410.4 6.4 192.9 14.336.152.1 604.4 126.0 266.1 TOTAL EQUITY BY INDUSTRY (End of Period) Billion Dollars Industry 1997 Total 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 417.8 415. Administrative & Support Services Others 1997 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 1.9 26.1 104.5 35.3 61.8 45.1 367.2 119.8 38.7 14.3 301. 2010 7.3 Manufacturing Construction Wholesale & Retail Trade Hotels & Restaurants Transport & Storage Information & Communications Real Estate.667.104.6 80.7 1.8 110.0 49.3 633.8 143. Administrative & Support Services Others 7.485.9 857.2 155.8 135.2 30.6 7.9 1.7 911.4 13.4 60.6 456.4 331.4 19.2 5.4 59.9 302.5 60.6 85.6 47.0 20.6 68.5 56.755.5 990.8 4.1 327.6 229.8 58.5 56.9 14.4 1.9 6.3 14.6 5.0 610.8 33.1 244.0 705.4 Non-Financial & Insurance Services 227.7 9.7 54.7 819.6 70.9 3.075.8 36.7 2. Rental & Leasing Professional & Technical.5 2.8 165.8 1.1 160.9 59.4 12.3 6.1 49.6 54.4 159.2 34.1 47.2 31.7 6.6 70.7 13.1 179.4 12.5 58.3 93.947.4 56.9 17.0 52.8 12.5 195.8 108.3 33.7 33.1 659.7 45.9 59.1 11.0 331.2 2.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.

1 10.2 5.6 6.1 4.7 6.1 11.4 7.0 15.6 13.7 8.7 RETURNS ON ASSETS BY INDUSTRY (End of Period) Per Cent Industry 1997 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 5.3 3.1 0.5 4.5 17.7 12.8 -0.1 9.0 14.0 5.2 7.0 7.0 9.8 6.9 20.6 8.3 4.5 2.6 22.5 9.1 2.9 3.2 Total Manufacturing Construction Wholesale & Retail Trade Hotels & Restaurants Transport & Storage Information & Communications Real Estate.8 4.5 11.6 15.7 5.6 4.9 13.7 24.9 18.5 3.6 3.0 7.8 34.0 3.6 7.9 2.0 3.3 7.3 -0.7 2.9 17.5 18.2 6.8 15.9 10.7 17.8 15.5 3.7 6.1 3.2 13.1 2.7 30.2 5.0 4.6 27.1 15.6 5.6 -3.0 6.3 3. Administrative & Support Services Others 7.8 4.4 18.3 8.5 23.6 12.5 10.9 7.4 8.0 9.9 0.2 -6.3 12.5 4.2 10.9 8.1 6.0 7.4 1997 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 8.1 15.1 5.0 18.7 15.8 4.5 11.3 RETURNS ON EQUITY BY INDUSTRY (End of Period) Per Cent Industry Total Financial & Insurance Services Non-Financial & Insurance Services Manufacturing Construction Wholesale & Retail Trade Hotels & Restaurants Transport & Storage Information & Communications Real Estate.4 16.0 4.5 Financial & Insurance Services 4.9 -0.3 29.8 4.0 Non-Financial & Insurance Services 5.7 11.6 13.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.9 15.5 5.9 5.6 3.1 14.3 11.6 7.5 9.7 8.6 13.6 11.7 58.4 6.6 1. Administrative & Support Services Others .0 -1.1 5. 2010 7.6 27.7 4. Rental & Leasing Professional & Technical.5 8.6 7.1 -0.2 9.6 21.1 11.1 7.8 26.6 21.3 24.3 21.6 0.2 16.8 -2.7 11.6 8.0 12.8 4.0 26.6 3.4 7.1 8.7 -0.4 5.8 4.3 21.2 6.7 13.5 5.9 17.1 7.4 8.7 5.5 -7.3 27.5 12. Rental & Leasing Professional & Technical.9 13.6 3.3 8.2 -6.1 8.6 2.6 11.8 2.2 25.

Yearbook of Statistics Singapore, 2010

7.5

EQUITY RATIOS OF COMPANIES BY INDUSTRY
(End of Period)

Industry

1997

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.2

0.3

0.3

0.3

Financial & Insurance Services

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

Non-Financial & Insurance Services

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.5
0.1
0.3
0.6
0.4
0.5
0.5

0.5
0.1
0.4
0.6
0.4
0.5
0.5

0.5
0.1
0.3
0.5
0.5
0.6
0.4

0.5
0.1
0.3
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.4

0.5
0.1
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.5
0.4

0.5
0.1
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.5
0.4

0.5
0.1
0.3
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.4

0.4
0.6

0.4
0.5

0.3
0.4

0.3
0.4

0.3
0.4

0.3
0.4

0.3
0.4

Total

Manufacturing
Construction
Wholesale & Retail Trade
Hotels & Restaurants
Transport & Storage
Information & Communications
Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
Professional & Technical,
Administrative & Support Services
Others

7.6

CURRENT RATIOS OF COMPANIES BY INDUSTRY
(End of Period)

Industry

1997

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

1.0

1.1

1.1

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.1

Financial & Insurance Services

1.1

1.1

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

Non-Financial & Insurance Services

1.0

1.1

1.2

1.2

1.2

1.2

1.2

1.3
0.9
1.1
0.7
0.9
1.7
0.5

1.3
1.0
1.2
0.7
0.9
1.4
0.6

1.4
1.0
1.2
0.7
1.0
1.4
0.7

1.4
1.0
1.2
0.8
1.2
1.2
0.7

1.4
1.0
1.2
0.9
1.1
1.1
0.6

1.3
1.0
1.2
1.0
1.2
1.0
0.8

1.4
1.0
1.2
1.1
1.2
1.2
0.9

1.1
1.1

1.2
1.1

1.2
1.7

1.3
1.3

1.3
1.5

1.2
1.4

1.2
1.4

Total

Manufacturing
Construction
Wholesale & Retail Trade
Hotels & Restaurants
Transport & Storage
Information & Communications
Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
Professional & Technical,
Administrative & Support Services
Others

COMPANIES AND BUSINESSES

8

COMPANIES AND BUSINESSES

Coverage and Sources of Data
Data on companies and businesses
include all those registered with the Accounting
and Corporate Regulatory Authority (ACRA) as
well as those registered with professional
bodies, for example, The Law Society of
Singapore and Singapore Medical Council.

Definitions
Company: Refers to a business entity
registered under the Companies Act, Chapter
50. It has a legal personality (i.e. it has the right
to own properties, it has perpetual succession
and it can sue or be sued in its own name). It
usually has the words ‘Pte Ltd’ or ‘Ltd’ as part
of its name.
Business: Refers to a business firm,
operating either as a sole-proprietorship or a
partnership. It may be set up by individuals or

companies. However, a business firm, not being
a legal entity, cannot register another business
firm. A sole-proprietorship is a business firm
owned by one person or one company. There
are no partners. The sole-proprietor has absolute
say in the running of the business firm. A
partnership may have between two and twenty
partners. If there are more than twenty partners,
the business entity must be registered as a
company under the Companies Act, Chapter 50.
Formation: Refers to companies and
businesses registered with the ACRA and other
relevant organisations (e.g. The Law Society
of Singapore, Singapore Medical Council)
during the reference year.
Cessation: Refers to companies and
businesses which have ceased operation during
the reference year. Cessation status include
ceased, struck off, amalgamated, cancelled and
dissolved.

Yearbook of Statistics Singapore, 2010

8.1

FORMATION OF COMPANIES BY INDUSTRY

Industry

1999

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Total

8,506

17,151

19,497

21,495

25,903

25,327

26,414

512
730
2,651
353
292
954
1,027
271

812
778
5,520
753
731
1,188
1,929
304

940
850
6,043
818
770
1,392
2,382
350

1,157
999
6,209
892
1,004
1,489
3,024
463

1,391
1,296
6,597
1,132
1,338
1,526
4,319
764

1,509
1,353
6,406
1,139
1,337
1,581
3,563
447

1,321
1,455
7,268
1,110
1,443
1,708
3,115
526

864

2,380

2,686

3,066

3,675

3,764

4,315

388
207

1,174
733

1,266
893

1,114
823

1,321
1,050

1,342
1,095

1,223
1,292

232
25

765
84

976
131

1,100
155

1,270
224

1,546
245

1,421
217

Number

Manufacturing
Construction
Wholesale & Retail Trade
Transportation & Storage
Accommodation & Food Service Activities
Information & Communications
Financial & Insurance Activities
Real Estate Activities
Professional, Scientific &
Technical Activities
Administrative & Support
Services Activities
Education, Health & Social Services
Arts, Entertainment, Recreation &
Other Service Activities
Others

Source : Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority
Note: The industries are classified according to the Singapore Standard Industrial Classification 2010.

8.2

CESSATION OF COMPANIES BY INDUSTRY
Number

Industry

1999

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Total

5,237

5,882

7,012

8,980

9,226

10,491

22,388

439
267
2,292
299
123
141
646
238

397
337
2,069
321
158
522
759
245

464
433
2,477
317
208
573
830
275

510
535
3,235
406
319
659
968
275

518
474
3,372
370
317
638
1,078
277

570
530
3,659
442
500
778
1,171
322

1,489
1,711
8,120
1,141
848
1,348
2,175
684

434

539

698

1,024

1,060

1,222

2,375

173
45

251
115

333
165

481
246

454
262

545
277

1,046
518

118
22

144
25

206
33

277
45

353
53

410
65

808
125

Manufacturing
Construction
Wholesale & Retail Trade
Transportation & Storage
Accommodation & Food Service Activities
Information & Communications
Financial & Insurance Activities
Real Estate Activities
Professional, Scientific &
Technical Activities
Administrative & Support
Services Activities
Education, Health & Social Services
Arts, Entertainment, Recreation &
Other Service Activities
Others

Source : Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority
Note: The industries are classified according to the Singapore Standard Industrial Classification 2010.

Yearbook of Statistics Singapore, 2010

8.3

FORMATION OF BUSINESSES BY INDUSTRY

Industry

1999

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

26,420

25,118

23,475

24,219

24,762

24,850

26,876

1,586
3,159
9,390
1,337
1,280
1,667
143
392

872
1,409
8,944
1,132
1,572
1,173
265
318

1,038
1,433
8,218
1,057
1,548
1,144
208
240

1,148
1,563
8,043
1,016
1,577
1,356
267
228

1,200
1,689
7,466
1,172
1,724
1,279
253
258

1,301
1,742
7,594
1,164
1,645
1,249
295
259

1,174
1,638
8,291
1,062
1,625
1,403
447
352

2,649

3,354

2,792

3,104

3,074

3,496

4,742

1,471
1,112

1,919
1,248

1,718
1,126

1,511
1,322

1,506
2,196

1,580
1,627

1,588
1,606

2,109
125

2,742
170

2,811
142

2,944
140

2,775
170

2,682
216

2,766
182

Number

Total
Manufacturing
Construction
Wholesale & Retail Trade
Transportation & Storage
Accommodation & Food Service Activities
Information & Communications
Financial & Insurance Activities
Real Estate Activities
Professional, Scientific &
Technical Activities
Administrative & Support
Services Activities
Education, Health & Social Services
Arts, Entertainment, Recreation &
Other Service Activities
Others

Source : Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority
Note: The industries are classified according to the Singapore Standard Industrial Classification 2010.

8.4

CESSATION OF BUSINESSES BY INDUSTRY
Number

Industry
Total
Manufacturing
Construction
Wholesale & Retail Trade
Transportation & Storage
Accommodation & Food Service Activities
Information & Communications
Financial & Insurance Activities
Real Estate Activities
Professional, Scientific &
Technical Activities
Administrative & Support
Services Activities
Education, Health & Social Services
Arts, Entertainment, Recreation &
Other Service Activities
Others

1999

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

22,245

17,361

56,283

26,843

21,321

21,148

23,532

1,791
3,132
8,302
1,185
1,201
749
140
499

1,065
1,705
6,402
779
1,096
746
144
276

3,117
5,155
20,104
2,592
3,216
3,063
457
825

1,407
2,021
9,645
1,181
1,654
1,250
261
349

1,082
1,450
7,655
988
1,467
1,132
204
293

1,124
1,373
7,393
951
1,504
1,120
227
234

1,256
1,606
7,981
1,011
1,541
1,170
239
266

1,841

1,803

6,631

3,096

2,368

2,452

3,082

1,056
669

1,065
676

3,863
2,303

1,944
1,110

1,376
885

1,352
977

1,494
1,231

1,567
113

1,501
103

4,638
319

2,774
151

2,301
120

2,324
117

2,494
161

Source : Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority
Note: The industries are classified according to the Singapore Standard Industrial Classification 2010.

AGRICULTURE,
ANIMAL PRODUCTION
AND
FISHERIES

Intensive and modern farming methods are adopted to maximise vegetable production. Singapore also imports. A number of farms and nurseries grow orchids. Singapore is renowned for her orchid cut flowers. Horticulture The main crops cultivated are vegetables and orchids. The orchid and other horticultural enterprises are supported by plant tissue laboratories which produce several hundred thousands of plantlets. There are 93 seafood processing establishments licensed to manufacture fishery products in Singapore. A homebase for local fishing vessels. bai cai and xiao bai cai. cai xin. About one per cent of Singapore's land area is used for agricultural purposes. The Jurong Fishery Port (JFP) is a major fish landing and distribution point in Singapore. Vegetables produced include bayam. culturing high-valued fish like groupers and seabass for the live fish market and supermarkets. one coldstore and one factory vessel are approved to export seafood products to the EU countries. which are exported to many countries. JFP handled about 64. exports and tranships fish caught by foreign vessels.209 tonnes of fish in 2009. the port handled locally-produced and imported fish totalling about 9. There are 106 floating fish farms covering 85 hectares of coastal waters. fish and vegetables for local consumption and orchids and ornamental fish for exports.9 AGRICULTURE. Fisheries Local fish production comprises mainly aquaculture produces from fish farms with small quantities from local capture fisheries.701 tonnes of fish in 2009. Five processing establishments. Bean sprouts are also produced. ornamental and foliage plants for export and domestic sale. . ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND FISHERIES General The agricultural sector of Singapore is engaged mainly in the production of eggs. kai lan. the bulk of which comprised fresh fish landed by foreign vessels as well as those imported by air and road. The Senoko Fishery Port (SFP) began its operations in September 1997.

853 40.312 43.3 FISH SUPPLY AND AUCTION Tonnes 1999 2004 10.215 38.858 34.491 5.761 44. 2 Includes aquaculture production.141 5. data exclude trade with Indonesia.336 43.102 67.407 167.357 4.537 41.1 PRODUCTION OF PRINCIPAL CROPS Vegetables (Tonnes) 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 18.526 73.288 65.847 465 308 311 245 296 333 282 Source : Agri-Food & Veterinary Authority 9.025 5.664 164. With effect from January 2007 onwards. data are based on SITC Rev 4.398 5.363 37.305 77.2 LIVESTOCK SLAUGHTERED Thousand Poultry Chickens Ducks Pigs 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 52. aquatic plants and tissue-cultured plantlets.188 50.386 87.115 74.845 37.922 44.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.584 22 11 12 10 10 11 10 50 24 36 38 38 40 40 Orchid Flowers (Million Stalks) 1 Plants (Million Plants) Source : Agri-Food & Veterinary Authority 1 Includes potted plants.425 157.579 7.627 154.331 6.418 67.International Enterprise Singapore 1 Excludes dried.392 60.408 171.996 41.375 6.158 60. 9.327 47. Data prior to 2007 are based on Standard International Trade Classification Revision 3 (SITC Rev 3).332 Fish Supply 2006 2007 2008 2009 1 Local Production2 Imports 2005 Fish Auction 1.836 11.689 3 135.077 19.027 18.4 Source : Fish Supply (Local Production) and Fish Auction .190 168. 3 Prior to 2003.674 8.912 47.Agri-Food & Veterinary Authority Fish Supply (Imports and Exports) .290 6.967 19.526 7.602 Exports 3 93.653 44. data include 'Low-value fish'. ornamental plants.927 17.397 18. 4 With effect from 2005.192 17. foliages.387 72.075 7. salted and fish in brine.709 48. . 2010 9.

MANUFACTURING .

that is. The main components of business cost are labour cost. Workers: Refer to all persons engaged in the industrial activity of the establishment. all employees. The weighting pattern for the components is derived from the input-output tables. Materials Used: Cover raw or basic materials. it refers to the amount withdrawn for their personal use. the UBCI takes the reference year of inputoutput tables as the base year. The indices published are at the 2-digit industry division and total manufacturing level. For working proprietors. It measures the relative cost of producing one unit of real output with respect to the base year. As a fixed-weight index. it refers to allowances. and other benefits provided. using two standard questionnaires. . contributions to the Central Provident Fund and pensions paid by employers. The census is conducted by mail inquiry and via the internet. They are classified according to the Singapore Standard Industrial Classification 2005. utilities. Definitions Establishment: Defined as a manufacturing unit engaged in one manufacturing activity and generally operating at one location. chemicals and packing materials consumed in the production. The reference period is the calendar year. work given out and other operating costs. Value Added: Refers to total output less materials. The results provide comprehensive data for the study of the structure and trends of the manufacturing sector. services cost and government rates and fees. Economic Development Board. Data generally refer to employment as at 30 June.10 MANUFACTURING Census of Manufacturing Activities A census of manufacturing establishments is conducted annually by the Research and Statistics Unit. total remuneration comprises salaries (including bonuses). except where establishments commence operation after June. Total Output : Includes manufacturing output and other operating income. except for those establishments whose financial years do not coincide with the calendar year. The Laspeyres' formula is used for the compilation of the index. The Laspeyres’ formula is used for the compilation of the index. They refer to the actual consumption during the year. transportation charges. For employees. Manufacturing Output: Refers to the total value of all commodities produced (including by-products) and industrial services rendered during the year. The activities covered in the census include manufacturing and industrial servicing. Index of Industrial Production The index of industrial production covers all manufacturing activities classified under Section C of the Singapore Standard Industrial Classification 2005. The weighting pattern reflects the relative importance of the industry divisions and changing structure within the manufacturing sector. Indices of Business and Labour Costs The Unit Business Cost Index (UBCI) is compiled by the Singapore Department of Statistics. The value added weighting pattern is obtained from the 2006 Census of Manufacturing Activities data. For unpaid family workers. fuel. the self-employed and their relatives. Remuneration: Refers to the amount expended for the whole year. The base year for the index of industrial production is 2007.

Projects are only recorded as commitments if the company has made a firm undertaking to implement the project. September 2009 issue. which essentially reduce the labour costs to employers. . recruitment cost and net training cost) incurred by the employer. skills development levy. Compensation of Employees and Unit Labour Cost: Key Concepts and Data Sources”. Jobs Credit payouts were introduced for the period of Jan 2009 to Jun 2010. Other References More detailed statistics on the manufacturing sector are available from the "Report on the Census of Manufacturing Activities". Economic Development Board.10 MANUFACTURING (cont’d) Unit Labour Cost (ULC) is defined as the total labour cost per unit of real output. Detailed information on ULC can be found in the article “Average Monthly Earnings. and hence are netted off from total labour cost. Total labour cost consists of compensation of employees received by the employee and other labour related costs (for example foreign workers' levy. Investment Commitments Investment commitments refer to investment projects in terms of fixed assets which companies commit to invest in Singapore. This report is published annually by the Research and Statistics Unit. published in Statistics Singapore Newsletter.

700 Value Added $m 30.909 404.2 22.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.6 6.541 243.750 134.493 160.992 Total Output $m 136.889 118. With effect from 2002.885 357.5 601.5 66.052 140.6 Remuneration to Value Added % 37.360 116.476 14.249 46.597 17.1 29.4 66. data refer to establishments engaging 10 or more workers.0 29.736 16.2 7.5 583.394 49. 2010 10.725 8.057 435.6 37.647 141.836 369. data include establishments with less than 10 workers.2 SELECTED AVERAGES AND RATIOS IN THE MANUFACTURING SECTOR Unit 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Manufacturing Output Per Worker $'000 394.6 66.3 129.2 564.021 47.636 217.301 15.3 Value Added to Total Output % 22.1 17.088 Source : Economic Development Board Notes : Prior to 2002.7 138.937 191.640 na Workers No 338.2 28.1 Direct Exports to Manufacturing Output % 63.154 406.610 381.252 43.442 253.6 6.928 8.7 132.0 65.5 65.8 22.219 13.765 204.5 37.476 Manufacturing Output $m 133.0 68.318 168.625 107.9 64.2 510.7 7.2 68. 10. data include establishments with less than 10 workers.160 125.880 253. data refer to establishments engaging 10 or more workers.542 147.065 152.037 7.181 Materials $m 80.257 136.043 54. .0 602.166 8.579 208.892 8.7 141.6 108.0 6.9 20.7 Value Added Per Worker $'000 89.317 Direct Exports $m 85.652 229.9 63.1 PRINCIPAL MANUFACTURING STATISTICS Unit 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Establishments No 3.0 62. Data exclude rubber processing and granite quarrying.086 237.6 108.127 56. Data exclude rubber processing and granite quarrying.255 16.381 263.2 29.6 Direct Exports to Total Sales % 63.2 62. With effect from 2002.887 213.972 Remuneration $m 11.6 22.1 Remuneration to Total Output % 8.4 6.577 182.2 504.3 Source : Economic Development Board Notes : Prior to 2002.1 24.5 61.

173 1.597 8.004 8.540 1.892 8.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.625 1. The industries are classified according to Singapore Standard Industrial Classification (SSIC) 2005. Data exclude rubber processing and granite quarrying.125 1. 2007 2008 . Watches & Clocks Transport Equipment Furniture & Other Manufacturing Industries 33 34 35 36 Total Manufacturing Source : Notes : 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 Economic Development Board Prior to 2002.037 7. data include establishments with less than 10 workers.222 1. With effect from 2002.3 MANUFACTURING ESTABLISHMENTS BY INDUSTRY Number Code Industry 15/16/17 18 Food.552 1. Leather Products & Footwear Wood & Wood Products except Furniture 320 681 699 677 698 738 781 29 114 124 101 91 99 100 158 596 601 514 471 497 506 23 60 60 48 45 44 37 49 112 114 104 99 106 119 Paper & Paper Products Printing & Reproduction of Recorded Media Refined Petroleum Products Chemicals & Chemical Products Pharmaceutical Products 91 128 129 124 121 119 105 397 18 920 17 927 17 845 17 827 18 861 16 866 16 191 19 264 40 264 43 264 43 262 42 259 45 269 46 339 91 22 422 146 25 394 146 26 353 136 21 327 137 20 341 137 24 339 139 33 631 591 1. 2010 10. Precision & Optical Instruments.725 8.502 1.598 159 222 240 229 231 239 238 223 220 209 191 186 190 190 63 308 119 612 123 647 127 611 137 592 150 603 167 953 282 1.610 1. data refer to establishments engaging 10 or more workers. Beverages & Tobacco Textiles & Textile Manufactures Wearing Apparel except Footwear Leather.205 1.166 8.640 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Rubber & Plastic Products Non-metallic Mineral Products Basic Metals Fabricated Metal Products except Machinery & Apparatus Machinery & Equipment 31 32 Electrical Machinery & Apparatus Electronic Products & Components Medical.107 957 883 854 933 4.245 1.219 1.165 1.

064.7 2.4 3.9 1.6 2.5 69.2 7.8 9.990.0 16.4 624.6 481.545.100. Data exclude rubber processing and granite quarrying.4 860.605.460.777.2 6.902.6 10.622.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.4 207.556. Beverages & Tobacco Textiles & Textile Manufactures Wearing Apparel except Footwear Leather.2 45.888.7 159.0 999.6 964.3 2.755.379.3 182.1 204.577.480.3 17.6 7.739.759.2 235.3 13.431.514.021.1 68.7 5.4 242.8 1.4 MANUFACTURING OUTPUT BY INDUSTRY Million Dollars Code Industry 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 15/16/17 18 Food.8 19.6 71.6 33.765.154.7 748.332.671.6 211.7 7.028.5 33.143.6 4.910.718.4 14.554.2 880.030.8 5.589.733.850.3 18.9 13.1 253.8 347.689.2 9.759.193. .0 69.8 234.3 837.215.4 136.4 5.060.1 1.7 3.1 2. The industries are classified according to Singapore Standard Industrial Classification (SSIC) 2005.159.1 3.4 75.6 Paper & Paper Products Printing & Reproduction of Recorded Media Refined Petroleum Products Chemicals & Chemical Products Pharmaceutical Products 827.726.2 137.683.7 3.5 1.6 2.5 1.215. 2010 10.648.6 2.9 249.3 1.3 222.4 5.2 133.4 1.5 11.7 9.3 4.7 1.7 96.153.5 4.168.588.956.1 3.311.1 2.5 229.510.920.1 956.082.0 24.7 5.2 207.7 47.0 4.897.8 73.455.289.7 6. data include establishments with less than 10 workers.6 546.6 2.8 31.456.594.357.455.8 1.7 2.4 8. Precision & Optical Instruments.188.723.6 1.2 63.550.4 247.4 25.8 517.862.455.865.106.651.5 15.6 14.004.327. Watches & Clocks Transport Equipment Furniture & Other Manufacturing Industries 33 34 35 36 Total Manufacturing Source : Notes : Economic Development Board Prior to 2002.8 6.760.556.6 22.4 263.9 2.7 8.898.7 2.999.8 13.6 243.449.800.5 1.429.1 28.806.2 106.594.9 1.685.6 31.1 2.6 18.540.801.3 8.442.699.963.8 2.1 1.369.927.330.2 20. With effect from 2002.746.4 2.655.6 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Rubber & Plastic Products Non-metallic Mineral Products Basic Metals Fabricated Metal Products except Machinery & Apparatus Machinery & Equipment 31 32 Electrical Machinery & Apparatus Electronic Products & Components Medical.3 2.5 163.1 2.672.0 4.349.5 59.1 177.096.179.3 269.039.0 2.216.6 634.9 21.466.4 1.9 1.924.2 17.654.383.8 2.144.7 40.430.1 5.578.410.475.5 181.991.241.1 15. data refer to establishments engaging 10 or more workers.5 1.6 127.2 1.913. Leather Products & Footwear Wood & Wood Products except Furniture 3.565.7 253.333.852.3 984.770.9 1.0 1.4 1.663.8 208.3 3.

152.643.380.9 261.9 2.9 9.8 18. .302.185.8 3.5 TOTAL OUTPUT BY INDUSTRY Million Dollars Code Industry 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 15/16/17 18 Food.275.086.6 7.6 2.762.8 404.341.8 5.5 1.6 912.0 1.8 2.396.8 Paper & Paper Products Printing & Reproduction of Recorded Media Refined Petroleum Products Chemicals & Chemical Products Pharmaceutical Products 861.7 24.089.4 986.372.2 14.923.115.8 1.3 6.256.477.7 136.6 4.2 139.3 9.1 3.6 5.558.4 8.429.026.937.326.7 907.833.1 1.6 2.4 1.2 4.4 1.5 239.0 191.227.061.086.6 708.040.7 11.9 212.055.208.517.707.867.1 9.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.9 168.6 11.150.8 69. data include establishments with less than 10 workers. Watches & Clocks Transport Equipment Furniture & Other Manufacturing Industries 33 34 35 36 Total Manufacturing Source : Notes : Economic Development Board Prior to 2002.9 1.411.362.3 175.1 4.3 18.0 277.036.8 1.674.329.7 254.1 2.7 6.753. Data exclude rubber processing and granite quarrying.573.3 3.1 9.0 246.6 59.836.965.118.5 264.345.9 1.847.9 607.412.160.4 2.892.6 143.1 1.3 74.0 73.1 2.4 6.0 3.9 34. Leather Products & Footwear Wood & Wood Products except Furniture 3.9 8.634.8 762.2 185.1 273.1 237.8 1.802.0 4.8 1.6 2.3 134.7 2.768.226.8 32.880.714.962.052.490.610.4 28.8 15.886.8 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Rubber & Plastic Products Non-metallic Mineral Products Basic Metals Fabricated Metal Products except Machinery & Apparatus Machinery & Equipment 31 32 Electrical Machinery & Apparatus Electronic Products & Components Medical.8 67.905.8 5.6 263.7 2.500.1 21.338.2 217.8 288.1 103.710.5 18.8 35.1 2.2 79. 2010 10.457.938.0 4.9 48.4 8.7 20.839.016.0 77.2 2.985.994.8 25.8 46.4 111.6 215.247.358.2 2.003.3 31.740.1 3.0 1.478.3 2.6 728.452.7 6.5 213.431.922.2 554.097.935.3 7.6 17.5 6.270.093.699. With effect from 2002.440.4 5. data refer to establishments engaging 10 or more workers.849.093.1 1.9 15.668.386.957.0 915.605.6 1.3 75.6 2.708.709.2 188.3 212.7 997.590.2 16.833.636.944. The industries are classified according to Singapore Standard Industrial Classification (SSIC) 2005.637.4 1.156.6 1.0 4.1 21.916.3 16.2 1.4 40.0 2.962.6 14.332.487.1 253.7 14.650.2 3.112.915.170. Beverages & Tobacco Textiles & Textile Manufactures Wearing Apparel except Footwear Leather.860. Precision & Optical Instruments.5 1.8 26.0 562.7 17.7 1.4 2.9 5.492.209.206.4 1.082.699.0 241.873.975.637.

389.1 192.3 2.7 51.7 56.557.9 825.0 1.0 2.0 1.2 46.3 796. Watches & Clocks Transport Equipment Furniture & Other Manufacturing Industries 33 34 35 36 Total Manufacturing Source : Notes : 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 1.816.845.050.9 -186.2 297.365.9 1.6 163.2 38.689.8 1.2 2. Beverages & Tobacco Textiles & Textile Manufactures Wearing Apparel except Footwear Leather.355.9 1.2 520.480. Data exclude rubber processing and granite quarrying.9 8. .141.1 954.8 66.426.2 330.2 2.6 1.557.724.4 1.0 3.017.686.172.5 883.3 14.623.306.829.8 1.827. data include establishments with less than 10 workers.9 Economic Development Board Prior to 2002.1 246.368.5 59.081.018.8 8.5 56.539. Leather Products & Footwear Wood & Wood Products except Furniture 1.7 Paper & Paper Products Printing & Reproduction of Recorded Media Refined Petroleum Products Chemicals & Chemical Products Pharmaceutical Products 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Rubber & Plastic Products Non-metallic Mineral Products Basic Metals Fabricated Metal Products except Machinery & Apparatus Machinery & Equipment 31 32 Electrical Machinery & Apparatus Electronic Products & Components Medical.9 1.3 1.1 505.5 400.8 335.4 1.095.6 31.3 2.3 12.5 2.926.4 65.3 11.069.7 283.8 5.8 1.1 3.050.069.240.9 125.076.1 1.5 59.2 249.3 932.633.9 30.8 777.990.0 1.9 232.5 4.7 183.5 257.3 958.021.593.9 474.9 2.0 220.3 4. 2010 10.147.965.9 106.042.662.971.6 4.6 VALUE ADDED OF MANUFACTURING ESTABLISHMENTS BY INDUSTRY Million Dollars Code Industry 1999 15/16/17 18 Food.6 2.1 4.7 305.041.8 2.9 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore. Precision & Optical Instruments. With effect from 2002.1 7.2 1.3 214.0 1.942.645.2 517.9 342.363.186.3 398.324.186.400.027.347.5 1.4 39.372.5 743.7 356.4 64.9 43.432.235.027.7 368.1 25.6 1.551.1 5.769.0 47.670.269.8 1.2 13.0 212.1 355.1 254.062.248.262.201.7 265. The industries are classified according to Singapore Standard Industrial Classification (SSIC) 2005.7 70.4 69.5 54.5 342.125.0 37.0 49.0 2.6 1.936.0 825.0 16.7 148.535.927.5 3.6 709.8 2.394.1 1.6 2.5 12.0 7.8 14.3 15.3 41.4 839.264.9 4.9 312.9 244.8 1.945.0 4.251.7 1.685.304.3 3.2 1.0 4.303.4 34. data refer to establishments engaging 10 or more workers.7 54.0 6.6 2.011.4 1.3 59.960.3 52.1 322.7 1.0 54.2 5.7 17.6 318.3 5.2 1.110.465.126.8 33.453.

174 3.123 959 1.495 4.057 435.050 973 1. Data exclude rubber processing and granite quarrying.544 9.017 19.043 7.564 42.623 1.684 2.857 15.069 10.337 11.210 10.154 406.625 12.248 905 1.423 4.097 7.116 20.896 2.093 18.356 23. Beverages & Tobacco Textiles & Textile Manufactures Wearing Apparel except Footwear Leather.878 8.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.522 38.508 3.909 404.610 381.575 72.158 1.185 17.853 17. 2010 10.342 4. data refer to establishments engaging 10 or more workers.433 57.759 23.165 38.505 15.000 904 778 8.851 95.322 10.960 8.055 1.040 17.395 12.250 45.403 57.429 90.558 35.148 5.251 21.024 15.084 1.708 64.294 11.7 WORKERS IN MANUFACTURING BY INDUSTRY Number Code Industry 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 15/16/17 18 Food.187 1.608 7.564 10. .990 11.492 51.468 4.428 105.248 1.221 5.024 90.770 67.814 14.880 20.571 12.030 1.929 5.567 1.651 3.446 95.541 19.698 5.760 8.221 16.072 35.327 13.780 Paper & Paper Products Printing & Reproduction of Recorded Media Refined Petroleum Products Chemicals & Chemical Products Pharmaceutical Products 4.904 5.458 4.674 11.121 338.846 17.139 16. Watches & Clocks Transport Equipment Furniture & Other Manufacturing Industries 33 34 35 36 Total Manufacturing Source : Notes : Economic Development Board Prior to 2002. The industries are classified according to Singapore Standard Industrial Classification (SSIC) 2005.836 369. Leather Products & Footwear Wood & Wood Products except Furniture 15.728 41.133 6.977 3.325 4. Precision & Optical Instruments.197 939 850 1.606 1.885 357.176 2.264 50.126 10.125 1.807 4.801 65. data include establishments with less than 10 workers.956 16.746 3.911 1.152 3.538 3.850 11.385 18.903 15.238 4.045 17.216 19.826 92.365 2.209 8.445 9.628 3.088 5.166 17.181 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Rubber & Plastic Products Non-metallic Mineral Products Basic Metals Fabricated Metal Products except Machinery & Apparatus Machinery & Equipment 31 32 Electrical Machinery & Apparatus Electronic Products & Components Medical.279 5.235 38.690 93.510 39.840 15.152 17.560 76. With effect from 2002.017 37.567 40.200 17.722 4.702 2.760 1.200 15.096 3.544 3.074 10.668 95.686 1.162 3.

2 173.882.4 1.054.074.6 414.009.6 554.292.8 65. Watches & Clocks Transport Equipment Furniture & Other Manufacturing Industries 33 34 35 36 Total Manufacturing Source : Notes : 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 Economic Development Board Prior to 2002.4 386.6 158.267. 2008 2009 .4 702.8 31.9 30.4 443. Precision & Optical Instruments.3 189.065.9 16.5 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 Electrical Machinery & Apparatus Electronic Products & Components Medical.2 344.9 167.4 806.340.219.2 2.5 1.8 1.475.7 95.1 3.257.9 2.9 1.2 41.035.3 151.196.9 280.1 180.0 2.9 449.4 4.7 767.2 22.3 363.0 14. data refer to establishments engaging 10 or more workers.6 572.9 21.0 1.9 1. Beverages & Tobacco Textiles & Textile Manufactures Wearing Apparel except Footwear Leather.612. Data exclude rubber processing and granite quarrying.342.4 2.376.1 45.131.3 13.7 30.6 2.8 401.1 265.7 98.317.9 223.2 Rubber & Plastic Products Non-metallic Mineral Products Basic Metals Fabricated Metal Products except Machinery & Apparatus Machinery & Equipment 524. The industries are classified according to Singapore Standard Industrial Classification (SSIC) 2005.7 554.2 1.2 3.380. 2010 10.7 167.300.0 33.9 2. data include establishments with less than 10 workers.736.4 378.3 139.108.1 151.821.0 1.241.0 297.2 149.5 1.8 REMUNERATION IN MANUFACTURING BY INDUSTRY Million Dollars Code Industry 15/16/17 18 Food.2 30.3 82.7 1.0 1.7 422.0 447.3 730.3 1.9 Paper & Paper Products Printing & Reproduction of Recorded Media Refined Petroleum Products Chemicals & Chemical Products Pharmaceutical Products 149.7 512.8 185.3 405.3 253.476.1 483.6 1.8 273.3 678.4 110.3 139.8 1.6 406.254.5 543.2 138.4 272.7 575.7 21.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.0 198.6 343.0 17.4 690.0 31.4 11.169.9 4.4 634.6 293.8 65.106.562.0 35.3 250.6 30.9 1.2 410.8 305.9 884.4 465.4 4.987.588.386.7 48.0 90.0 103.3 612.6 4.3 16.6 380.225.5 39.1 635.1 1.0 147.1 2.3 17.7 204.3 584.1 3.8 549.6 613.699.6 159.3 641.3 715.1 167.0 3.2 43.7 550.6 39.736.2 30. Leather Products & Footwear Wood & Wood Products except Furniture 433.9 15.4 34.7 427.2 246.161.1 107.122.597.632.7 95.7 1.2 23. With effect from 2002.7 152.5 2.1 1.082.0 170.6 717.317.

1 100.7 187.5 107.0 100.0 93.9 152.8 90.5 100.2 92.0 53.5 93.7 95.6 94.6 103.7 102.1 56.0 107. 2010 10.9 114.8 86.3 89.0 100.2 100. Watches & Clocks Transport Equipment Furniture & Other Manufacturing Industries Total Manufacturing 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 77.1 104.1 110.1 100.8 83. Leather Products & Footwear Wood & Wood Products except Furniture 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 Paper & Paper Products Printing & Reproduction of Recorded Media Refined Petroleum Products Chemicals & Chemical Products Pharmaceutical Products Rubber & Plastic Products Non-metallic Mineral Products Basic Metals Fabricated Metal Products except Machinery & Apparatus Machinery & Equipment Electrical Machinery & Apparatus Electronic Products & Components Medical.5 71.9 110.0 95.4 100.9 INDEX OF INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION (2007 =100) Million Dollars Code Industry 15/16/17 18 Food.4 77.4 80.4 94.2 68.5 142.8 78.1 100.7 93.5 88.0 92.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.0 86. Precision & Optical Instruments.4 94.8 91.0 96.9 86.6 100.4 72.0 29.3 65.5 86.6 92.0 100.4 102.0 100.1 59.8 91.4 99.1 106.8 45.8 36.9 77.8 93.9 100.9 100.7 291.8 126.9 100.6 86.4 85.2 98.2 104.0 100.8 93.2 83.0 98.0 88.0 84.5 100.7 95.0 95.4 86.6 97.9 79.1 97.7 90.6 41.1 59.4 119.3 100. .0 100.0 191.4 91.8 102.7 52.0 100.0 98.0 95.8 Source : Economic Development Board Note The industries are classified according to the Singapore Standard Industrial Classification (SSIC) 2005.0 84.1 84.9 94.9 68.4 89.0 98.2 100.1 113.9 82.5 94.8 68.0 84.1 120.9 100.0 92.1 92.4 80.0 79.6 75.0 94.5 89.0 99.0 97.7 101.7 102.0 82.4 99.4 172.4 56.0 96.3 100.3 100.0 85.0 71.6 79.6 85.8 100.4 104.3 81.3 102.1 135.0 87.1 101.2 85. Beverages & Tobacco Textiles & Textile Manufactures Wearing Apparel except Footwear Leather.4 117.9 100.1 89.1 100.1 100.

3 90.6 103.6 103.9 105.1 109.1 110.9 95.5 1.0 99.7 111.8 109.4 97.6 91. 2010 10.4 97.1 97.1 96.1 97.9 104.2 97.2 96.3 96.1 Services Cost 54.3 106.4 100.6 105.6 93.0 77.1 Government Rates & Fees Unit Labour Cost Index of Overall Economy 1 The weights are based on the 2000 input structure and are used in the compilation of the indices from 2000 onwards.4 93.8 116.4 102.5 102.9 95.0 99.2 88.8 100.10 INDICES OF UNIT BUSINESS COST AND UNIT LABOUR COST (2000 =100) Weights 1 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Unit Business Cost Index of Manufacturing Total 100.9 Unit Labour Cost 44.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.7 91. .0 108.

2 18.2 129.0 2.910.2 2.0 339.1 1.7 318. engineering and R&D.753.6 343.402.299.292.801.. .659.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.9 251.661. 2010 10.498..7 243.6 8.032.0 2.5 2.3 2.1 17.550.3 2.5 131.037.055.5 245.3 318.466.4 8.3 831.5 1.0 352.962.4 5. 93.2 7.2 Europe 1..357.9 .723.186.182.567.6 1.368.138.3 1.168.092.1 695.046. .402.331.045.2 2.6 1.9 2.842.4 10.1 1.336.6 1.4 10.7 8.4 1.616.0 346.0 Japan 1.357.5 .2 222.3 10.825.2 4.0 3.2 2.753.8 2.3 Source : Economic Development Board Note: The industries are classified according to the Singapore Standard Industrial Classification 2005.7 813.11 INVESTMENT COMMITMENTS IN MANUFACTURING 1 AND SERVICES BY INDUSTRY (Fixed Asset Investments) Million Dollars Industry 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 8.821.0 518.8 16. Beverage & Tobacco Petroleum & Chemical Products Pharmaceutical & Biological Products Electronic Products & Components Services Industries .440.4 686.8 Transport Equipment 317.8 14.6 85.8 Total Manufacturing Food.521.528.249.5 Other Manufacturing Industries 825.4 Fabricated Metal Products 299.8 8.385.285.1 507.241.186.187.8 8.1 1.3 2.2 18. 91. 100.342.1 2.9 Local 2.191..1 4. 11.4 509.6 2..187.195.810.6 Total Asia Pacific & Others Source : Economic Development Board 1 Includes servicing..5 10.4 288..2 280.7 89.942.1 17. 10.836.3 450..7 144.733.863.2 102.514.3 6.0 11.8 202.452.0 11.6 58.8 615.168.571. engineering and R&D.2 . 699.4 1.0 4.6 16.. 35.044.392.6 3.290. 222.0 1.688.4 4.7 1.2 9. 2.103.5 Instrumentation Equipment 116.911.553.2 11.191.4 1.7 4.555.6 United States 3.1 883.4 6.251.5 10.518.9 8.4 199.3 1.8 387.0 .386.6 16.046. 1 Includes servicing.899.7 244.8 360..355.258.1 1.6 521..9 1.5 Rubber & Plastic Products 84.2 3.4 814.12 INVESTMENT COMMITMENTS IN MANUFACTURING 1 AND SERVICES BY COUNTRY OF ORIGIN (Fixed Asset Investments) Million Dollars Industry 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 8.1 8.7 1.723.6 1.354. .3 Foreign 6.7 2.0 .9 Machinery & Equipment 486.4 3.6 .083.1 .0 .376. 612.2 9.531.542.7 451.

CONSTRUCTION AND REAL ESTATE .

the construction of the building project is deemed to have commenced when the first tender is invited. the date on which the contract is awarded is used. Where construction works are carried out by the developer/owner himself and the architect does not certify progress payments. but excludes the erection of temporary structures. Building Commencement: Construction of a building project is deemed to have commenced when a permit to commence building works in respect of that building is issued by the Commissioner of Building Control. notice of commencement submitted and Temporary Occupation Permits (TOP)s issued are compiled from the administrative records of the Development Control Division. Progress Payment Certified: Refers to the value of all construction works done and certified for progress payment. URA. In the case of a public sector project for which this permit is not required. Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA) and Building Plan and Management Division and Building Engineering Division of Building and Construction Authority (BCA). Written Permission: Refers to the approval granted by the Minister for National Development or the Competent Authority to develop any land subject to conditions in accordance with the development rules in force. engineer or developer/owner even though part or all the works may be further subcontracted to another contractor. Definitions Provisional Permission: Refers to the conditional approval granted by the Minister for National Development or the Competent Authority to develop any land subject to conditions in accordance with the development rules in force. Data on notices of tender invitation and completion of public buildings are collected through surveys conducted by the Property Research Section. Gross Floor Area: Refers to the covered floor space (whether within or outside a building and whether or not enclosed) measured between party walls including thickness of external walls and any open area used for commercial purposes. Data on new buildings given written permission and building plan approval. illegal building works or minor works which do not require planning approval. Statistics on contracts awarded and progress payments certified are collected through surveys conducted by the Economics Research Department of BCA.11 CONSTRUCTION AND REAL ESTATE Construction and Real Estate Building construction refers to the erection of new buildings and additions/alterations to existing buildings. the expenses incurred on the construction work are taken to be the progress payments certified. Building Plan Approval (Private Sector Only): Refers to the approval granted by the Commissioner of Building Control in respect of building plans and specifications submitted in accordance with the prescribed building regulations in force. Contracts Awarded: Refers to the full contract given to the main contractor by the architect. Completed properties are referred to as the existing stock. . Where the contractor is selected by prequalification or closed tender. Completed Properties: A building project is deemed completed when the Temporary Occupation Permit (TOP) or Certificate of Statutory Completion (CSC) in respect of that building is issued by the Commissioner of Building Control. Public sector projects are considered completed when the certificate of completion is issued by the architect or engineer in charge of the project.

enables citizens to acquire long-term asset through the purchase of HDB flats. HDB sold 4. the Lift Upgrading Programme (LUP). The scheme was extended to the purchase of Executive Condominiums in August 1995 and to single citizens in June 1998 to help them buy resale flats. Some 82 per cent of the resident population currently live in HDB flats. namely commercial and industrial properties. 6. HDB also started offering new 2and 3-room flats under the Build-To-Order system in July 2006 and August 2004 respectively.495 flats were completed. “Property Market Information: Industrial Properties” and “Property Market Information: Details of Projects Under Development” published by the Property Research Section. the IUP Plus. These include the sale of flats to rental tenants. HDB plans towns with a comprehensive range of facilities to meet the residents’ needs. HDB offers a number of schemes to help low-income families own HDB flats. the Interim Upgrading Programme (IUP). at least one of the applicants must have worked for 12 continuous months at the point of application in order to sustain the mortgage payment. To help first-timer lower-income households become homeowners. Housing The Housing and Development Board (HDB) was established on 1 February 1960 as the public housing authority of Singapore.11 CONSTRUCTION AND REAL ESTATE (cont’d) Other References More details of construction and real estate statistics may be obtained from the “Property Market Information: Private Residential Properties”. for sale to eligible applicants with monthly household income of not more than $2. The Home Ownership for the People Scheme. introduced in 1964. The Scheme was enhanced in August 2007 and February 2009 to provide greater assistance to more lower. HDB’s mission is to provide affordable homes of quality and value. To help build sustainable communities.000 respectively. and car parks. Under the Scheme. to encourage the singles to live together with their parents for mutual care and support.000 and $3. HDB’s programmes such as the Main Upgrading Programme (MUP). HDB implemented the CPF Housing Grant Scheme to strengthen family ties by giving a housing grant to first-timer citizen families to buy a resale flat that is in the same town/estate or within 2 km of their parents’ flat. In October 1994. and promote the building of active and cohesive communities. To bridge the gap between the standards of the older estates and those of the newer towns. the higher-tier Singles Grant was introduced for single citizens to buy flats with their parents. A two-tier grant system was subsequently implemented in August 1995. bringing the total number of flats built since HDB’s inception to 997. the Additional CPF Housing Grant (AHG) Scheme was implemented in March 2006.000 to $40.000 on top of the existing housing subsidy. the Selective En bloc Redevelopment Scheme (SERS) and the Lift Improvement and Facilities Enhancement . In 2009. In April 2008. create vibrant and sustainable towns.068. 80 per cent of the resident population lives in HDB home-ownership flats. buying-back of 3-room flats for sale at subsidised prices and the rent and purchase of 3-room flats. HDB also develops and maintains other facilities. HDB also provides recreational and community facilities such as neighbourhood parks and children’s playgrounds in its housing estates.and middleincome families to own their first flat. eligible first-timer households buying a new or resale flat will be given an AHG ranging from $5.419 HDB flats in 2009. As a flat purchase is a long term financial commitment. URA. The higher-tier grant is applicable to firsttimer families who buy resale flats to live together with or near their parents while the lower-tier grant is applicable to first-timer families who buy any resale flat. the Estate Renewal Strategy was introduced in September 1995. “Property Market Information: Commercial Properties”.

Dawson and Yishun were launched in end Aug 2007. Public Consultation had been carried out for 14 projects. the IUP was combined with the LUP under a new programme called IUP Plus. improvements can be done more comprehensively. etc are all part of the Estate Renewal Strategy. This means that there will be less duplication of facilities to meet the different needs of the residents. the upgrading works at all the eight batches comprising 190 precincts had been completed as at end 2008. As at end of 2009. improvements are made to the flat. As at end of 2009. aims to bring the benefits of both interim and lift upgrading earlier to the residents. upgrading works at 116 precincts under the Steady State Phase of this programme had been completed. At the end of 2009. Two new improved upgrading programmes : the Home Improvement Programme (HIP) and the Neighbourhood Renewal Programme (NRP). The Selective En bloc Redevelopment Scheme (SERS) was launched in August 1995. the plans for the first three showcase towns – Punggol. As at end of 2009. Both seek to engage the residents more by offering greater flexibility in the provision of upgrading items. The key characteristic of the NRP is greater say for residents. With effect from May 2002. Construction work for the first NRP project is expected to start in the second quarter of 2010. The Government will subsidise a major portion of the cost for the optional improvements. The NRP focuses on precinct. as well as greater resident consultation in the type of improvements within and outside their flats. Essential improvements such as repairs to spalling concrete will also be carried out to enhance public health and safety. If lessees have already made certain basic improvements themselves. It helps lessees address common maintenance problems in ageing flats in a systematic and comprehensive manner. Under the “Remaking our Heartland (ROH)” Plan. Under the MUP. 21 precincts were announced for HIP. a total of 137 precincts. 340 precincts were announced under LUP and 113 precincts had been completed.11 CONSTRUCTION AND REAL ESTATE (cont’d) for the Elderly (LIFE) project. It will engage residents by involving them in the decision-making process on matters affecting their immediate neighbourhood. . they have the flexibility of opting and paying only for the items they want. The LUP was launched in March 2001 to provide residents with speedier and more convenient access to their HDB homes by having lifts that stop at every floor. NRP will be fully funded by the Government. The HIP caters to residents who need upgrading to the interior of their flats without the inconvenience of a major precinct makeover. will replace the MUP and the IUP Plus.and block-level improvements. of which 8 had gone through the Consensus Gathering Exercise. As at end of 2009. with better coordination and integration of facilities that are complementary across neighbouring precincts. Residents will be invited to participate actively by giving feedback and deciding collectively on the facilities for their neighbourhood at public forums such as Town Hall meetings. The IUP Plus. involving about 136. the apartment block and the precinct. Under the IUP carried out by the Town Councils to improve the precincts. As two or more precincts are involved in each NRP project.700 flats had been selected for the MUP. As at end of 2009. 84 precincts were announced under the IUP Plus and 47 precincts had been completed. of which 9 had been polled and were undergoing construction. Citizen households do not have to pay for these improvements which will be fully funded by the Government. 24 projects were announced for NRP.

The scheme brings about greater innovation in building design and flat type for flat buyers. with another 8 currently under construction. Build & Sell Scheme (DBSS) was introduced in March 2005 as one of the initiatives to make public housing more responsive to the needs and aspirations of Singaporeans.400 units) in 11 batches under Project LIFE. The Design. were launched for sale in November and December 2009.and 3-room flats will also cater to the demand demand of owners of bigger flats (including elderly lessees) who want to monetise their existing bigger flats and move to a smaller flat. there are 9 completed SA projects. The pilot DBSS project – The Premiere@Tampines was completed in December 2008.11 CONSTRUCTION AND REAL ESTATE (cont’d) Under the scheme. The SAs are specially designed and equipped with elderly-friendly and safety features to facilitate mobility. building and selling of the flats. The smaller 2. In addition. HDB had carried out improvement works at 52 blocks of 1-room rental flats (comprising some 15. . selected old blocks of sold flats are redeveloped en bloc to optimise land use. two new Build-ToOrder (BTO) projects. HDB sold 92 land parcels (220 hectares) for private residential development and 39 land parcels (36 hectares) for commercial development. HDB had also launched the Studio Apartments (SA) in 1998. Since 1993. with a mix of SAs and other flat-types. to designing. At the end of 2009. 73 precincts had been announced for redevelopment under SERS. Under this scheme. six DBSS sites (11 hectares) were sold through tender. Between 1989 and 2009. which are customised for the elderly. A total of 23 Executive Condominium sites (52 hectares) were sold during this period. The flat lessees involved would be offered new flats at a nearby site. It also attracts young families to move in to live in the rejuvenated mature estates. To-date. while preserving the character of public housing and ensuring building quality and safety. SERS therefore enables residents in the old estates to upgrade to new and better flats within the same neighbourhood and preserves the strong community ties built over the years at the same time. the private sector undertakes the entire public housing development process. from tendering of the land. As at end of 2009.

267 1.343 Apartments Available Vacant 55.856 1.796 929 20.521 107.710 37.979 10.364 14.100 935 9. tenement houses.812 13.513 4.1 AVAILABLE AND VACANT PRIVATE RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES (End of Period) Number of Units Type of Property 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 183.431 5.482 37.916 10.912 37.058 1.785 1.903 17.834 1.883 520 9.850 6.269 495 Semi-Detached Houses Available Vacant 20.710 221.344 All Types Available Vacant Source : Urban Redevelopment Authority Note : Data exclude hostels.464 60.702 756 20.111 60.291 6.240 38.902 37. parsonages and Executive Condominiums.666 94.569 Condominium Units Available Vacant 62.388 Detached Houses Available Vacant 10.257 234.882 111.512 37.623 249. 2010 11.783 978 20.204 14.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.478 5.905 523 9.645 115.744 1.663 4. HDB flats.051 20.356 19.337 104.128 637 Terrace Houses Available Vacant 34.110 5.349 4.570 64.551 14.546 59.326 59.930 60.031 1.916 229.818 1.101 1.894 554 9.823 5. .242 4.752 5.975 488 10.225 100.930 680 21.830 502 9.593 5.489 12.276 233.134 241.019 20.

CONSTRUCTION COMMENCEMENT AND COMPLETION OF PRIVATE RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES Number of Units 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Provisional Permission 5.345 13.2 SUPPLY OF PRIVATE RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES IN THE PIPELINE BY DEVELOPMENT STATUS (End of Period) Number of Units 1999 Landed Properties Total Under Construction Planned Written Permission Provisional Permission Others 1 Non-Landed Properties Total Under Construction Planned Written Permission Provisional Permission Others 1 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 7.729 42.025 13.350 10.640 8.365 43.054 69.479 8.007 15.458 1.516 16.038 5.804 4.268 6.424 139 131 55.357 33. tenement houses.727 9.066 29.506 Building Commencement 6.319 673 76 2.3 APPROVAL.690 5.753 19.074 11. parsonages and Executive Condominiums.403 61.807 Building Plan Approval 8.697 6.432 14.488 Building Completion Source : Urban Redevelopment Authority Note : Data exclude hostels.446 1.603 11.053 5.122 10.945 4.302 277 183 2.360 13. parsonages and Executive Condominiums.171 17.174 25.282 11.079 11.448 20.819 Source : Urban Redevelopment Authority Note : Data exclude hostels. 1 Planned land sales by the government and developments submitted for approval.143 5.239 8.311 12.492 2.998 9.344 5.630 4.695 8.240 32.186 1.078 8.056 1.295 12.282 9. HDB flats.520 6.333 11.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.033 615 444 2.764 19.806 4.424 1. tenement houses.531 25.755 11.236 3.969 19.799 8.166 Written Permission 8.795 14. HDB flats.452 1.613 4.682 49.480 62. 11.853 20.171 888 232 2.863 16.826 17.872 1.321 8.903 7. 2010 11.781 8.145 10.513 10.100 7.964 4. .290 10.312 385 148 2.179 2.053 24.280 1.713 18.270 464 82 2.

358 100 1.878 771 6.367 123 1.309 156 1.333 20.108 43 Factory Space Available Vacant 5.331 1.326 182 1.612 20.298 487 5.145 76 1.992 185 1.075 21.045 87 1.157 83 1.999 156 2.563 2.630 747 Shop Space Available Vacant 1.247 83 Shop Space Available Vacant 1.610 1.269 2.317 121 1.834 742 5.198 535 6.061 148 2.933 23.150 61 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.238 149 Factory Space Available Vacant 17.147 74 1.157 350 5.152 87 1.631 2.875 659 6.368 139 5.4 AVAILABLE AND VACANT COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL PROPERTIES (End of Period) Thousand sq m nett 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Private Sector Office Space Available Vacant 4.310 1.954 21.445 763 6.950 177 1. 2010 11.100 162 2.692 736 5.357 127 231 79 82 16 83 14 78 12 62 - 42 - 46 - Warehouse Space Available Vacant Source : Urban Redevelopment Authority .437 603 6.167 857 5.191 84 1.827 690 Warehouse Space Available Vacant Public Sector Office Space Available Vacant 1.080 139 2.212 549 5.744 24.000 1.641 784 5.562 477 6.304 4.447 873 6.448 365 5.156 673 5.881 625 5.

035 1.972 3.109 231 207 828 461 327 886 282 460 420 277 172 338 590 434 282 221 474 284 922 542 802 699 834 643 507 375 50 94 12 57 4 - 96 77 17 40 245 95 71 29 3 62 129 - 48 84 - Source : Urban Redevelopment Authority 1 Planned public developments and land sales by the government and developments submitted for approval.027 1.280 2.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.301 3.550 3.010 261 107 1.370 4.139 2.939 559 165 1.311 559 1.683 471 1.977 2.040 1. 2010 11.163 3.827 2. .706 972 490 322 554 281 753 344 1.450 1.5 SUPPLY OF COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL PROPERTIES IN THE PIPELINE BY DEVELOPMENT STATUS (Private and Public Sectors) (End of Period) Thousand sq m gross 1999 Office Space Total Under Construction Planned Written Permission Provisional Permission Others 1 Shop Space Total Under Construction Planned Written Permission Provisional Permission Others 1 Factory Space Total Under Construction Planned Written Permission Provisional Permission Others 1 Warehouse Space Total Under Construction Planned Written Permission Provisional Permission Others 1 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 1.078 857 132 41 561 70 93 5 12 128 133 93 80 236 115 434 663 85 163 64 83 123 15 384 135 364 210 617 277 647 297 846 483 730 563 432 294 81 9 159 93 42 19 73 58 209 116 23 211 11 62 290 54 61 52 59 71 8 6.138 1.014 4.044 2.

191 496 810 1.413 1.156 748 1.279 1.625 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.196 1.365 1.020 280 903 1.140 1. 2010 11.137 337 339 331 559 659 267 819 571 830 329 840 900 602 902 619 1.494 1.013 549 1.6 APPROVAL. CONSTRUCTION COMMENCEMENT AND COMPLETION OF COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENTS ( Private and Public Sectors) Thousand sq m gross 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Office Space Provisional Permission Written Permission Building Plan Approval Building Commencement Building Completion 97 337 56 82 174 44 22 12 79 75 48 17 13 20 43 232 49 43 211 162 603 149 68 143 32 417 701 686 744 132 81 252 201 3 215 Shop Space Provisional Permission Written Permission Building Plan Approval Building Commencement Building Completion 14 37 4 34 70 105 212 17 52 20 99 46 101 76 6 220 158 155 206 204 165 142 171 241 58 182 255 122 135 77 59 55 43 36 242 Factory Space Provisional Permission Written Permission Building Plan Approval Building Commencement Building Completion 933 1.412 Warehouse Space Provisional Permission Written Permission Building Plan Approval Building Commencement Building Completion 149 97 67 139 237 81 150 62 148 41 234 169 194 212 130 435 351 196 364 233 232 465 337 451 288 276 261 310 223 346 78 202 195 124 268 Source : Urban Redevelopment Authority .

416 1.141 1.824 119 192 1.677 144 62 2.578 2.511 1.772 68 189 2.135 2.943 6.741 3.762 5.491 4.650 2.471 13.456 3.066 12.856 19.724 1.054 18.318 2.458 577 2.135 107 371 1.397 8.796 6.939 882 2.810 105 192 1.863 1.919 3. 2010 11.763 14.696 7.783 1.985 3.767 Total Civil Engineering Work Private Sector 6.163 68 136 1.679 916 3.048 984 325 2.910 5.203 7.575 3.361 5.126 6.102 7.7 CONTRACTS AWARDED BY SECTOR AND TYPE OF WORK Million Dollars Type of Work 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 All Sectors 13.445 Residential Commercial Industrial Others 2.524 524 739 770 720 784 904 899 700 Total Civil Engineering Work Public Sector 6.466 3.277 80 63 1.776 404 6.460 35.731 1.742 5.298 2.694 1.866 2.074 8.512 Building Work 4.895 11.290 1.713 2.374 456 5.720 8.135 2.561 3.526 1.586 1.652 5.007 Building Work 10.618 8.240 Residential Commercial Industrial Others 4.014 973 1.399 1.700 15.748 511 4.006 8.796 Residential Commercial Industrial Others 2.012 2.223 1.456 16.713 7.778 7.481 13.287 11.305 5.067 Total Civil Engineering Work Source : Building and Construction Authority .797 24.968 1.115 763 2.230 6.912 4.495 Building Work 5.373 5.307 3.312 3.240 1.940 2.304 6.009 3.880 2.597 7.096 10.298 1.270 17.047 1.454 27.760 20.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.551 5.119 1.504 9.608 3.445 4.878 21.684 21.751 12.589 902 2.128 1.

575 470 2.085 6.8 PROGRESS PAYMENTS CERTIFIED BY SECTOR AND TYPE OF WORK Million Dollars Type of Work 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 All Sectors 17.121 992 Total Civil Engineering Work Public Sector 9.160 2.616 12.134 3.419 1.348 5.487 2.726 502 3.796 3.259 4.655 1. 2010 11.295 5.376 Residential Commercial Industrial Others 6.324 19.993 14.935 1.559 8.200 2.398 2.684 416 474 2.480 24.014 3.665 561 5.960 2.942 4.994 4.504 2.444 2.135 9.123 2.963 9.616 5.173 68 494 1.605 12.923 8.059 Total Civil Engineering Work Source : Building and Construction Authority .773 10.727 3.948 5.174 376 2.859 11.871 600 5.458 6.261 827 1.158 4.954 6.040 971 74 433 1.158 6.843 3.515 7.715 131 113 2.130 5.357 18.157 4.217 30.427 Building Work 13.523 1.919 7.013 7.221 12.810 134 254 1.849 8.314 2.292 612 1.063 6.240 973 2.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.198 6.050 7.125 2.376 736 2.872 26.040 2.653 3.420 1.737 6.051 Total Civil Engineering Work Private Sector 7.184 2.370 Building Work 6.257 979 146 540 2.524 3.999 Residential Commercial Industrial Others 3.255 3.208 5.930 21.308 803 441 210 582 746 687 1.400 2.085 124 548 2.855 4.421 2.249 11.938 17.377 Residential Commercial Industrial Others 3.945 2.448 1.704 3.053 2.873 3.058 Building Work 6.086 2.470 2.159 2.063 3.959 2.334 5.789 7.431 6.670 17.648 2.251 1.444 20.258 3.858 484 2.

680 3-room 237.239 3.944 208.760 876.125 223.693 221.865 32.351 29.326 5.865 1.782 167.614 207.782 339.158 65.391 30.796 29.309 222.148 65.076 5-room 1 Executive Studio Apartment HUDC - 2 Commercial/Industrial Units 936 953 1.233 29. 2 Data refer to resident population. 2 Data exclude other residential properties.448 884.492 209.486 335.270 208.239 1.474 222.142 20.355 336.836 5.865 1.365 206.239 1.151 65.985 877.419 86 84 83 82 81 82 82 Flats Sold Under ' Home Ownership Scheme ' 1 (No) Percentage of Population 2 Living in Public Flats (End of Period) Source : Housing & Development Board 1 Flats are considered 'sold' only when keys are issued to the applicants.143 20.865 1.403 65.073 65.154 6.055 10.109 325.086 20.101 6.920 20.764 60. Data include HUDC units and exclude Studio Apartments.633 207.920 888.537 4.673 2.041 2-room 34.043 1.063 3. .546 878.865 1.145 20.009 30.093 2007 2008 2009 Source : Housing & Development Board 1 Includes multi-generation flats.10 RESIDENTIAL UNITS CONSTRUCTED AND SOLD BY HOUSING AND DEVELOPMENT BOARD 1999 Flats Constructed (No) 2004 2005 2006 34.069 65.559 29.495 29.227 30.351 28.180 29.940 9.071 8.118 30.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.794 329.696 4-room 296.855 30.161 20.820 883.893 10.733 5.350 1.9 PROPERTIES UNDER THE MANAGEMENT OF HOUSING AND DEVELOPMENT BOARD (End of Period) Number 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Residential 823. 11.141 331.865 1.433 227.143 1-room 24. 2010 11.715 28.824 220.

409 3.632 - 1.333 27.819 22.462 2.620 441 4.316 3.498 2.099 35.675 9.364 23.026 19.421 575 169 1. 2 Includes multi-generation flats.292 62.680 220.751 16.277 16.612 39.584 12.053 12.469 11.528 19.716 6.760 34.871 6.11 RESIDENTIAL UNITS UNDER THE MANAGEMENT OF HOUSING AND DEVELOPMENT BOARD.514 17.250 396 20 4.299 68.173 23.073 454 1.310 1.418 58.468 29.069 6. 31 DECEMBER 2009 Number Total 1-room 2-room 3-room 4-room 5-room Executive 2 Studio Apartments Total 888.706 7.010 117 3.201 19.860 4.381 380 9 4.990 9.126 359 2.236 13.455 19.180 5.088 23.928 5.741 9.041 29.989 9.506 502 107 143 - 330 622 - Marine Parade Pasir Ris Punggol Queenstown Sembawang 7.460 1.456 9.899 20.613 436 465 4.409 5.002 19.449 7.731 3.764 65.350 21 3.083 3.010 4.547 12.166 7.252 10.712 1.247 1.422 2.076 1.732 44 130 212 358 - Bukit Panjang Bukit Timah Central Area Choa Chu Kang Clementi 29.210 19.923 5.731 50.304 26.312 12.044 34 84 4.239 1.163 10.497 22.864 27.845 853 6.660 2.190 208 156 - 244 175 - Yishun 46.365 5.025 154 1.367 31.741 169 - 1 TownTown 1 Source : Housing & Development Board 1 Equivalent to Town Registration Boundary.832 9.709 1.416 7.395 4.850 13.098 482 2.273 3.601 9.490 21.093 9.493 1.843 831 4.872 2.417 47.316 240 520 2.280 2.055 10.980 920 3.437 7.401 3.359 10.288 1.041 164 15. HUDC .870 114 - 98 - Sengkang Serangoon Tampines Toa Payoh Woodlands 43.782 209.260 14.998 24.170 932 84 154 130 3.696 339.363 2.677 9.965 236 148 13.189 13.143 20.199 13.517 682 900 13.762 623 - 38 - Geylang Hougang Jurong East Jurong West Kallang/Whampoa 30.937 5.556 7.748 1.151 315 1.318 2. 2010 11.270 2.303 7.423 12.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.231 27.865 Ang Mo Kio Bedok Bishan Bukit Batok Bukit Merah 48.812 18.798 10.825 20 5.068 59.

511 92 75 33 42 2.901 5.254 2.956 5. 2010 11.537 5. 2 Excludes industrial land used for JTC Standard/Flatted Factory developments.027 Standard Factory Space ('000 sq m) Gross Allocation Termination Net Allocation Demand Supply Occupancy Rate (%) Industrial Land2 (hectares) Gross Allocation Termination Net Allocation Prepared Land Demand Supply Source : JTC Corporation 1 Excludes divestments.300 2.398 2.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.437 98 123 90 32 119 49 70 203 30 173 317 48 269 451 110 341 265 64 201 176 75 101 4.343 2.129 4.267 5.261 4.437 99 9 25 -16 2.680 4.291 6.504 90 80 25 55 2. SUPPLY AND OCCUPANCY OF JTC CORPORATION STANDARD/FLATTED FACTORIES AND INDUSTRIAL LANDS Factory Space/Industrial Land 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Flatted Factory Space1 ('000 sq m) Gross Allocation Termination Net Allocation Demand Supply Occupancy Rate (%) 88 98 -10 548 766 72 64 69 -5 557 772 72 48 53 -5 549 769 72 58 49 10 559 758 74 123 77 46 605 754 80 101 88 13 618 690 90 48 57 -10 609 652 93 54 52 2 2.268 2.12 DEMAND. .439 98 43 15 28 2.386 2.478 92 58 24 34 2.010 4.415 2.184 5.112 5.439 96 61 17 44 2.302 4.603 5.

SERVICES .

M. Operating Expenditure: Refers to the current expenditure (except capital expenditure) pertaining to the business operations such as purchases of goods and services and remuneration. P. taxi and trishaw operators. K. L. O. operating receipts refers to the reimbursement from their head offices for the operating expenditure incurred by the local branches. Operating Receipts/Turnover: Refers to the income earned from business operations. income from sales of goods. Censuses were conducted prior to 1976. Remuneration: Refers to the amount paid to employees in the form of wages and salaries. . including part-time employees. Definitions Establishment: Refers to a business or organization unit engaged in one activity and generally operating in a single location. securities and insurance companies) under the purview of the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) are surveyed by MAS. establishments engaged in financial and insurance activities (such as banks and finance. From reference year 1986. services rendered. financial and insurance activities. Scope and Coverage The Survey of Services covers all establishments. working directors and unpaid family workers as at 30 June of the reference year. The next inquiry was for reference year 1972. Within each industry. as classified under Sections G. machinery and equipment. the inquiry was conducted biennially until reference year 1984 and subsequently on an annual basis. a consolidated consolidated return is allowed if the accounts are so kept that it is not possible to obtain separate data for each individual branch. establishments with large operating receipts were selected with certainty and the rest were sampled. Central Provident Fund/ pension fund contributions. 1993 and 1994. For local branches of foreign airlines and foreign shipping lines. information and communications. Employment: Refers to the total number of persons engaged. business services and community. and for reference years 1985 to 1992 and 1995 to 2008. J. social and personal services. including statutory boards and non-profit organizations. and for reference years 1983. Government ministries and departments. However. operating expenditure refers only to expenses incurred by the branch offices in providing support services to their head offices and expenses paid by them on behalf of their head offices. 1984. Since then. For sample surveys. working proprietors and partners.e. engaged in wholesale and retail trades. real estate. hotels and restaurants. Q. stratified sampling by industry was adopted. Annual sample surveys were carried out between 1976 and 1982. A separate return is normally required from each branch of a multi-activity firm. For local branches of foreign airlines and foreign shipping lines. commissions and rental of premises. i. fees and in-kind benefits that are given to unpaid family workers and directors. bonuses and allowances. It includes those temporarily away on leave. independent artistes and domestic servants are outside the scope of the survey.12 SERVICES The first statistical inquiry on the services industries was conducted by the Singapore Department of Statistics for the reference year 1967. political parties. H. hawkers and stall-holders. The statistical unit used in the survey is the establishment. R and S of the "Singapore Standard Industrial Classification (SSIC) 2005". organization or enterprise. transport and storage. N. and allowances. It includes depreciation and adjustment for changes in stocks and work-inprogress. foreign missions.

It comprises wholesale exports of goods manufactured in Singapore. Changes in the indices at current prices measure the changes in sales values resulting from changes in both price and quantity. In addition to the overall index. The indices are presented at both current prices and constant prices. re-exports. Value Added: Refers to the sum of the value of operating surplus. Business Receipts Index The Business Receipts Index (BRI) for Services Industries measures the changes in the amount of business or operating receipts.500 establishments covered in the monthly retail sales and catering trade surveys. The indices are presented at both current prices and constant prices. the changes in indices at constant prices measure the changes in the volume of economic activity. manufacturers and retailers. Data for the compilation of the indices are primarily obtained from the 3. The BRI is compiled based on the survey data and administrative records of more than 7. The base year of the indices is 2005. . In general.000 wholesale establishments covered in the quarterly survey of wholesale trade.e. The Domestic WTI records sales transactions made locally. financial & insurance services. Wholesale Trade Index The Wholesale Trade Index (WTI) measures the sales transactions of wholesale establishments in the economy. It captures the sale of wholesale goods within Singapore from wholesalers to other wholesalers. Changes in the indices at current prices measure the changes in sales values resulting from changes in both price and quantity.000 enterprises. eight major component indices are compiled. operating surplus refers only to depreciation of fixed assets. The base year for the BRI is 2008. remuneration and indirect taxes.12 SERVICES (cont’d) Operating Surplus: Refers to the amount of operating receipts less operating expenditure plus depreciation of fixed assets. entities which cannot distribute any surplus made to their shareholders) which mainly rely on funds (such as grants and donations) other than receipts from sales of goods and services rendered to cover their operating expenditure. business services. These are transport & storage. health & social work services and other services industries such as personal services. real estate. By removing the price effect. business receipts refer to the operating income derived from services rendered which includes commissions and fees earned but excludes the goods and services tax. Changes in the indices at constant prices measure the movements of sales net of price changes. For non-profit organisations (i. information & communications. offshore merchandise and transhipment cargo. rental & leasing services. Data for the compilation of the WTI are collected from over 1. education services. Two series of the WTI are compiled Domestic WTI and Foreign WTI. Retail Sales and Catering Trade Indices The retail sales and catering trade indices measure the short-term performance of retail and catering trade industries based on the sales records of retail and catering establishments. The Foreign WTI pertains to wholesale trade outside Singapore. The base year for the WTI is 2007.

"Retail Trade". but excludes Goods and Services Tax and other sources of income such as rental and interests earned. and "Wholesale Trade". Companies are selected from the Commercial Establishment Information System (CEIS) database based on the 5-digit SSIC as defined by IDA.12 SERVICES (cont’d) Revenue of the Information and Communication Technology Industry Revenue of the Information and Communication Technology Industry refers to all sales income that is derived from carrying out the main activities of the enterprise from the industry. From 1999. "Transport & Storage Services". The ESS also includes a final consolidated report presenting a summary of the services sector. the survey frame comprises companies with business activities relating to IT products and services as classified by the SSIC. the coverage of the survey frame expanded to include companies providing content services. agency fees. Prior to 1998. These reports focus on important economic services industries in Singapore's economy.. All manufacturing output and sales to distributors are also excluded. . Since 1998. "Health Services". the reports comprised "Food and Beverage Services". and is booked in Singapore. "Information & Communications Services". For reference year 2008. administration & management fees etc. It includes the total value of services rendered and commissions earned. as reflected in total receipts. Other References More information on the concepts and methodology and detailed statistics may be obtained from reports under the Economic Surveys Series (ESS). companies in the telecommunications business have also been included.

063 23.646 39.203 148.687 439.108 1.705 200.586 .332 135.202 113.483 83.248 296.464 20.565 1.060 36.105 19.305 1.821 19.631 7.781 197. 1.284 106.056 1.291.479 39.205.758 19.637 107.514 181.372 1.016 34.452 35.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.266 97.340 82.022.058 9.149 30.178 19. citizens' consultative committees and residents' committees.209 216.657 260.356 38.311 76.933 2.001.545 35.103 49.035.832 5.708 1.335 1.503 1.838 842.468 88. .665 12.113 23.706 12.712 21.549 15.952 .101 . 27.675 4.654 67.393 12.116 20.434 80.223 2.943 979.218 13.483 4. 28.195 413.480 9.261 111.490 20.1 Year PRINCIPAL STATISTICS OF SERVICES Establishments Employment Remuneration Operating Receipts Number Operating Expenditure Operating Surplus Value Added 1 Million Dollars Total 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 109.021 2.221 38.138 12.196 Wholesale Trade 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 31.989 32. 3.227 36.198 2.731 72.226 3.547 37.282.446 Retail Trade 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 18.228.883 100.697 29.136 5. 2010 12.681 19.331 1. Data exclude mutual benefit organisations.313 72.434 17.226 9.434 59.200 57.004 11.617.882 1.713 1.314 932.863 1.398 2.685 121.580 1.483 7.978 30.754 130.538 2.606 11.893 19.688 829.615 9.853 1.632 6.666 104.657 880.904 9.584 1.776 63.759 111.942 31.029 9.674 1.000 36.021 6.157 43.193 9.204 706.094 661. Data from 1999 onwards were compiled using revised estimation and imputation methodology.709 35.842 1.535.675 62.933 14.742 300.031 46.003 1.495 14.521 62.705.285 513. 95.601 813. Non-profit organisations are included in the respective services industries.763 5.722 134.857 15.059 6.511 .298 39.098.359 34.961 859.043 28.162 40.969 2.985 108.058.206 42.410 .707 114.115 520.192 23.681 1.219 2.379.341 1.580 115.117 27.093 35. 20.829 55.331 35.621 5.591 23.088 138.438.958 9.560 52.701 4.426 234.163 49.465 8.027 138.975 673.848 858 1.368 139.201.782 245.653 112.240 1.331 42.393 11.899 35.879 10.210.134.076 7.847 58.457 97.077 115.251 61.195 15.192 4.357.303 137.441 18.071 660.052 41.978 (continued on next page) Notes: Data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Industrial Classification (SSIC) 2005.990 37.751 . 1 Value added is at basic prices in line with Gross Domestic Product (GDP).684 1.746 Transport and Storage Services 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 7.445 135.285 138.427 23.

415 5.967 6.023 2.550 5.308 1.112 83.856 4.543 17.435 3.513 23.739 5.200 2. 1 Value added is at basic prices in line with Gross Domestic Product (GDP).Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.613 10.635 8.630 38.965 9.478 8.587 1.331 5.243 28.281 1.315 20.479 8.125 23.853 22.842 6.848 2.024 2.943 3.825 63.659 91.325 28.220 4.419 Million Dollars Accommodation and Food & Beverage Services 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 3.573 5.154 31.594 46.401 7.748 4.091 26.239 106.656 8.230 5.760 4. data include the publishing industry.582 2.552 19.765 52.258 80.931 (continued on next page) Notes: Data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Industrial Classification (SSIC) 2005.830 7.204 5.695 5. .530 4. Data from 1999 onwards were compiled using revised estimation and imputation methodology.501 4. Non-profit organisations are included in the respective services industries.010 6.466 4.619 41.288 1.572 6.611 35.184 3.861 55. Data exclude mutual benefit organisations.642 21.489 7.540 24.074 24.194 Information and Communications Services 2 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 1.941 4. 2010 12.331 24.751 3.387 3.604 2.011 7.175 24.308 6.899 1.235 2.844 3.693 7.177 10.450 66.845 2.742 23.990 4.975 8.953 3.336 6. 3 Excludes establishments under the purview of the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS).136 18.117 29.149 4.381 2.070 58.604 26.361 73.750 22.049 31. citizens' consultative committees and residents' committees.1 Year PRINCIPAL STATISTICS OF SERVICES (continued) Establishments Employment Remuneration Operating Receipts Number Operating Expenditure Operating Surplus Value Added 1 736 614 824 1.629 6.223 68.738 69.321 1.076 41.378 12.323 29.620 1.729 3.219 101.857 5.281 4.398 19.673 5.683 8.891 5.792 7. 2 With effect from 1999.767 31.332 2.222 3.295 6.707 9.600 112.088 8.525 13.550 27.695 1.032 1.119 61.763 5.940 8.945 7.232 3.and Insurance-related Services3 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 5.400 5.687 3.154 5.012 30.506 23.701 9.804 2.533 17.286 96.545 1.126 4.947 8.985 49.475 8.220 Financial.

972 73.439 211.010 9.862 62.679 35.528 10.466 24.129 189.609 295.824 23.625 8.227 7.819 13.036 161.345 17.637 31. 1 Value added is at basic prices in line with Gross Domestic Product (GDP).Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.510 319.324 Notes: Data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Industrial Classification (SSIC) 2005.625 2. 2010 12.867 20.933 48.452 11.082 10.196 210.840 232.383 1.173 204.1 Year PRINCIPAL STATISTICS OF SERVICES (continued) Establishments Employment Remuneration Operating Receipts Number Operating Expenditure Operating Surplus Value Added 1 Million Dollars Real Estate and Business Services 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 23.120 268.085 6.140 19.779 15.557 12.464 7.657 32.519 238.914 3.778 33.520 17.504 23.790 12. Social and Personal Services 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 16.638 31.072 30. 4 Excludes Public Administration activities.697 34.733 54.230 23. Non-profit organisations are included in the respective services industries. Data from 1999 onwards were compiled using revised estimation and imputation methodology.840 39. citizens' consultative committees and residents' committees.838 2.657 10.871 221.603 9.463 14.288 14.031 43.427 9.366 13.326 22.303 10.277 23.774 28.003 196.031 38.224 67.129 19.934 30.311 10.883 2.667 18.505 4.750 3. Data exclude mutual benefit organisations.686 17.855 6.690 8.031 2.380 9.686 16.438 173.828 7.916 31.866 25.256 4 .925 8.972 15.686 6.389 12.098 Community.019 9. 7.495 14.290 58.500 146.443 15.848 23.820 40.065 21.702 47.733 21.831 11.312 44.855 19.

3 1.237 1.6 31.819 28.6 6.9 23.1 2.3 1.875 2.8 40.3 6.9 1.475 352 464 488 583 706 824 721 524 566 643 726 822 966 910 70 82 91 95 100 111 105 8. citizens' consultative committees and residents' committees.7 57.233 6.842 160 259 382 511 652 819 652 404 540 681 831 1.1 44.562 6. Data from 1999 onwards were compiled using revised estimation and imputation methodology.2 4.0 62.0 2.6 7.3 1.9 7. 2010 12.2 59.5 18.9 30.7 5.5 19.3 21.0 40.2 35.2 11.7 6.4 5.887 8.8 2.5 43.7 2.9 31.5 6.1 6.868 2.1 14.7 1.132 23.5 4.6 1.331 11.7 30.958 9.6 5.364 7.4 6. Data exclude mutual benefit organisations.0 35.564 1.8 34.029 11.2 6.0 17.4 1.4 5.802 4.4 53.133 2.2 52.417 1.8 8. .3 4.028 8.5 54.4 46.4 47.1 3.923 35.6 21.4 7.3 46.610 820 976 1.1 4.003 46 66 83 98 102 114 109 129 158 183 212 225 248 247 29 34 38 40 42 45 43 Transport and Storage Services 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 3.403 102 129 159 165 157 177 168 21.454 1.7 33.207 38.079 2.617 1.3 7. 1 Value added is at basic prices in line with Gross Domestic Product (GDP).822 1.023 1.2 13.3 38.017 5.414 1.0 5.6 1.3 2.8 (continued on next page) Notes: Data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Industrial Classification (SSIC) 2005.2 SELECTED AVERAGES AND RATIOS OF SERVICES Operating Receipts Year Operating Surplus Value Added 1 Per Establishment Value Added 1 Per Person Engaged Operating Surplus to Operating Receipts Thousand Dollars Remuneration to Operating Expenditure Remuneration to Value Added 1 Per Cent Total 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 4.4 51.4 12.8 Wholesale Trade 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 9.3 7.554 2.101 71 97 120 139 154 178 150 R t il T Retail Trade d 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 1.0 4.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.5 52.7 7.327 1.4 53.4 51.2 5.657 19.455 5.722 1. Non-profit organisations are included in the respective services industries.7 11.5 21.5 9.151 1.5 46.266 6.465 14.9 51.2 1.608 1.8 7.009 2.251 1.

0 37.700 5.8 29.6 44.8 18.8 16.1 45.9 13.667 4.279 1.3 13.1 62.4 17.942 2.6 62.9 16. . Data exclude mutual benefit organisations.2 10.856 3.6 49.7 14.608 1.358 4.5 49.0 73.2 SELECTED AVERAGES AND RATIOS OF SERVICES (continued) Operating Receipts Year Value Added 1 Operating Surplus Per Establishment Value Added 1 Per Person Engaged Operating Surplus to Operating Receipts Remuneration to Operating Expenditure Thousand Dollars Remuneration to Value 1 Added Per Cent Accommodation and Food & Beverage Services 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 1.8 18.217 4.2 65.8 52.180 4.9 16.817 5.1 18.031 883 124 169 181 217 256 309 278 56.769 4.0 29.9 29.1 50.020 3.1 14.9 18.1 63. Data from 1999 onwards were compiled using revised estimation and imputation methodology.3 67.9 66.7 26.7 59. data include the publishing industry.1 17.408 148 133 136 135 134 131 129 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 4.4 2 33.503 1.8 56.379 1.3 29.243 1.9 17.7 70.150 7.9 17.439 1.364 381 506 553 630 804 1.0 29.7 14.465 1.9 17.9 48.0 57.7 17.9 67.3 47.272 3.658 3.298 1.582 1.805 1.5 17.796 7.325 1.468 4. Non-profit organisations are included in the respective services industries.9 Information and Communications Services 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 5. 2 With effect from 1999.5 3 (continued on next page) Notes: Data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Industrial Classification (SSIC) 2005.4 46.8 29.476 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.155 3.4 53. 1 Value added is at basic prices in line with Gross Domestic Product (GDP).7 55.869 4.3 46. 3 Excludes establishments under the purview of the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS).and Insurance-related Services 30.563 1.8 18.4 67.6 18.981 6.8 51. 2010 12. citizens' consultative committees and residents' committees.4 12.700 683 675 692 700 695 633 2.1 15.526 212 136 173 218 248 291 288 687 486 542 621 651 707 692 30 26 28 31 33 37 39 13.053 5.6 15.8 Financial.

5 26.0 19.6 24.6 19.9 40.420 1.12.1 25.0 18.9 40.7 71. Social and Personal Services 4 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 611 609 614 668 767 827 841 114 120 117 130 124 122 121 411 437 429 466 489 518 520 45 55 53 53 54 56 57 18.8 19.8 41.1 21.3 75.7 24.6 48.673 1.9 17.5 54.0 73.2 41.0 19. citizens' consultative committees and residents' committees.7 26.1 14.1 41.6 75.2 71.568 1.8 52. 4 Excludes Public Administration activities. Non-profit organisations are included in the respective services industries.4 52.6 51.103 312 249 282 267 341 409 441 614 559 605 639 769 905 924 91 87 90 83 89 97 101 18.9 19.7 19.6 50.5 19.7 71. 1 Value added is at basic prices in line with Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Data from 1999 onwards were compiled using revised estimation and imputation methodology.0 71.5 16.250 1.4 25.8 14.754 2.4 41.5 43. .146 2.2 SELECTED AVERAGES AND RATIOS OF SERVICES (continued) Operating Receipts Year Value Added 1 Operating Surplus Per Establishment Value Added 1 Per Person Engaged Operating Surplus to Operating Receipts Thousand Dollars Remuneration to Operating Expenditure Remuneration to Value Added 1 Per Cent Real Estate and Business Services 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 1.4 Notes: Data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Industrial Classification (SSIC) 2005. Data exclude mutual benefit organisations.8 40.6 Community.

5 89.0 120.9 101.2 106.0 119.2 118.9 96.1 90.9 110.0 100.3 75.0 122.1 123.8 72.9 76.6 116.9 113.8 97. .7 105.8 113.0 105.1 107.4 109.5 108.6 109.3 755 190 607 88. 2010 12.5 106.8 98.000 61.6 105.0 109.6 91.0 100.4 91.0 100.5 109.9 100.9 104.2 100.3 119.9 110.7 100.5 111.5 114.8 118.9 140.2 87.4 117.8 91.0 100.4 93.8 104.0 106.5 108.4 105.2 83.4 126.1 100.551 80.9 118.1 91.2 41.0 105.2 90.0 98.551 82.5 90.8 102.6 71.8 100.8 87.1 Department Stores Supermarkets Provision & Sundry Shops Food & Beverages Motor Vehicles Petrol Service Stations Medical Goods & Toiletries Wearing Apparel & Footwear Furniture & Household Equipment Recreational Goods Watches & Jewellery Telecommunications Apparatus & Computers Optical Goods & Books Others 1.9 97.7 85.9 Total (excl Motor Vehicles) 6.3 130.5 112.1 94.9 121.2 1 The weights for the Retail Sales Index are compiled from the turnover data of the 2004 Annual Survey of Retail Trade.6 113.0 104.5 119.1 96.9 97.9 103.6 86.9 82.7 88.8 113.0 100.4 100.9 119.8 121.1 111.1 116.5 106.7 105.449 456 332 574 86.9 93.0 Department Stores Supermarkets Provision & Sundry Shops Food & Beverages Motor Vehicles Petrol Service Stations Medical Goods & Toiletries Wearing Apparel & Footwear Furniture & Household Equipment Recreational Goods Watches & Jewellery Telecommunications Apparatus & Computers Optical Goods & Books Others 1.000 55.3 101.2 At Constant Prices Total 10.6 116.5 127.6 129.6 73.2 111.7 80.7 122.0 108.4 90.0 100.5 108.6 100.0 109.3 92.1 98.322 411 536 200 3.0 103.1 95.0 111.0 103.0 100.9 112.5 755 190 607 79.9 33.4 89.1 89.8 122.449 456 332 574 82.4 117.6 75.0 100.6 114.0 100.9 104.3 119.5 121.4 111.9 136.8 144.4 70.3 100.8 113.8 90.0 100.0 100.2 104.3 93.0 100.8 107.9 82.0 100.0 100.7 92.6 110.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.6 107.8 108.3 104.322 411 536 200 3.7 100.7 99.7 93.6 100.2 74.0 99.7 112.5 83.4 121.7 122.0 115.3 89.3 108.6 111.5 Total (excl Motor Vehicles) 6.4 101.8 98.8 122.6 94.5 102.8 107.0 100.0 109.0 100.8 77.3 100.0 104.5 85.0 100.0 100.0 100.5 92.5 135.0 107.9 122.3 107.8 116.5 119.0 120.2 112.9 89.0 100.0 105.1 93.5 103.9 154.9 100.8 160.3 108.2 114.7 91.5 75.3 366 344 458 55.2 366 344 458 86.0 100.3 RETAIL SALES INDEX (2005=100) Weights 1 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 At Current Prices Total 10.9 74.0 102.6 109.6 103.9 111.9 104.1 101.2 90.2 88.3 127.0 100.3 96.0 100.8 123.3 99.

8 100.4 105.5 Note : Catering trade refers to the sales of prepared food and drinks for in-premises consumption or on a take-away basis.0 102. .2 100.9 115.4 101.0 103.6 106.3 At Constant Prices Total 1.1 98.0 100.5 110.0 102.000 98. 2010 12.8 107.8 106.0 104.6 101.8 115.4 Food Caterers 148 100.1 105.3 93.0 100.2 113.1 118.5 Other Eating Places 356 100.7 104.7 Restaurants 360 101.7 118.5 117.1 100.9 Fast Food Outlets 136 109.000 106.0 107.1 98.0 107.9 125.0 106.2 95.0 103.0 100.2 89.6 108.2 98.6 100.7 Other Eating Places 356 100.0 100.9 110.1 113.4 112. All eating places are included with the exception of hawker stalls.9 106.3 101.6 100.1 97. 1 The weights for the Catering Trade Index are compiled from the turnover data of the 2004 Annual Survey of Catering Trade.4 111.7 Food Caterers 148 100.4 100.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.9 104.6 110.9 105.7 103.8 109.9 118.3 Fast Food Outlets 136 101.9 122.5 Restaurants 360 91.4 CATERING TRADE INDEX (2005=100) Weights 1 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 At Current Prices Total 1.7 100.

5 101.1 106.6 86.8 97.7 20.6 78.7 115.2 79.0 100.5 96.7 57.3 90.0 98.6 60.5 79.8 61.4 86.3 74.4 89.5 99.1 61.0 102.5 108.6 99.6 77.3 86.7 76.5 101. 2010 12.0 100.7 96.2 83.3 95.9 79.4 82.6 90.8 Other Wholesale Trade 2 1 2 The weights for the Domestic Wholesale Trade Index are compiled from the domestic wholesale sales data of the 2006 Annual Survey of Wholesale Trade. Paints & Construction Materials General Wholesale Trade Ship Chandlers & Bunkering Transport Equipment 407 298 4.6 94.0 71.2 67.5 83.3 Other Wholesale Trade 2 At Constant Prices Total 10.7 49.5 120.3 89.5 86.7 88.0 100.5 91.8 95.4 78.4 103.8 125.1 100.3 91.7 100.2 100.9 93.9 108.9 105.7 94.396 406 839 285 567 72.0 79.1 74.1 21.6 94.4 95.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.2 78.0 100.7 111.7 114.3 109.0 123.1 100.6 47.6 87.000 46.0 102.6 81.6 102.9 74.1 82.7 75.604 65.3 97.7 84.0 97.0 101.4 105.7 90.4 102.0 100.5 93.4 78.7 69.7 123.0 100. Beverages & Tobacco Household Equipment & Furniture Petroleum & Petroleum Products Chemicals & Chemical Products Electronic Components Industrial & Construction Machinery Telecommunications & Computers Timber.8 97.7 Food.8 89.1 79.0 100.7 67.0 90.8 357 572 883 190 800 84.6 97.1 100.5 100. Data exclude Transport Equipment from 1Q2007.2 103.6 89.0 100.1 105.0 100. Paints & Construction Materials General Wholesale Trade Ship Chandlers & Bunkering Transport Equipment 407 298 4.0 100.0 100.4 Total (excl Petroleum) 5.3 89.0 100.0 111.0 112.1 97.3 100.4 Total (excl Petroleum) 5.0 81.0 84.2 100.0 100.3 118.8 98.0 100.4 84.1 72.6 62.9 99.8 90.3 61.6 107.4 44.3 Food.6 79.2 114.6 89.7 107.7 70.0 100.8 94.8 104.7 100. Beverages & Tobacco Household Equipment & Furniture Petroleum & Petroleum Products Chemicals & Chemical Products Electronic Components Industrial & Construction Machinery Telecommunications & Computers Timber.396 406 839 285 567 78.0 100.9 146.9 97.5 99.3 75.2 101.7 94.5 77.4 84.0 100.9 357 572 883 190 800 67.604 73.6 97.2 83.000 73.6 97.5 92.2 70.9 100.5 79.0 91.7 100.0 98.1 90.0 100.2 85.4 96.3 69.8 86.0 100.0 92.3 92.0 100.0 100.2 100.0 100.1 77.1 94. .1 100.0 100.7 87.5 81.5 DOMESTIC WHOLESALE TRADE INDEX (2007 =100) Weights 1 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 At Current Prices Total 10.4 95.4 104.0 77.0 94.

3 64.8 36.2 61.5 17.2 68.5 89.0 109.7 Total (excl Petroleum) 5.1 74.0 87.5 91.3 51.6 FOREIGN WHOLESALE TRADE INDEX (2007 =100) Weights 1 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 At Current Prices Total 10.9 102.6 100.8 98.0 90.9 80. .0 86.2 119.0 93.6 73.0 95.7 113.0 100.0 101.1 77. 2010 12.0 100.5 Other Wholesale Trade 2 At Constant Prices Total 10.4 152.2 87.8 93.9 92.5 74.3 108.6 83.000 37.1 89.4 83.0 71.0 100.5 92.0 100.1 76.7 72.8 88.5 98.0 100.1 132.000 58.4 93.5 90.084 257 799 43.4 32.9 77.0 100.9 93.0 138.8 94.6 92.6 100.4 95.9 91.0 100.2 46.9 95.0 102. Beverages & Tobacco Household Equipment & Furniture Petroleum & Petroleum Products Chemicals & Chemical Products Electronic Components Industrial & Construction Machinery Telecommunications & Computers Timber.4 101.2 78.0 100.2 70.5 94.3 95.4 186 574 229 288 865 78.7 102.6 100.2 77.6 102.0 100.0 100.8 85.9 27.5 58. Paints & Construction Materials General Wholesale Trade Ship Chandlers & Bunkering Transport Equipment 374 287 4.4 92.5 75.2 21.0 100.1 70.8 76.0 107.7 Total (excl Petroleum) 5.3 103.7 31.8 107.0 83.0 102.9 120.9 94.7 87.2 105.8 106.5 97.2 83.4 80.8 Other Wholesale Trade 2 1 2 The weights for the Foreign Wholesale Trade Index are compiled from the foreign wholesale sales data of the 2006 Annual Survey of Wholesale Trade.3 82.0 100.4 126. Data exclude Transport Equipment from 1Q2007.9 70.8 129.5 Food.4 67.3 91.1 87.6 100.0 100.3 81.4 117.9 110.4 91.3 97.0 100. Beverages & Tobacco Household Equipment & Furniture Petroleum & Petroleum Products Chemicals & Chemical Products Electronic Components Industrial & Construction Machinery Telecommunications & Computers Timber.7 100.8 87. Paints & Construction Materials General Wholesale Trade Ship Chandlers & Bunkering Transport Equipment 374 287 4.9 116.8 Food.3 90.9 84.1 88.6 100.3 96.8 98.2 76.0 127.4 98.0 120.3 88.4 84.5 55.7 104.456 39.0 90.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.0 100.0 100.8 94.5 96.4 100.5 101.0 65.4 54.6 91.9 135.544 513 1.9 104.3 186 574 229 288 865 48.4 87.0 100.8 101.8 72.5 90.0 91.0 89.6 91.6 50.0 100.2 33.1 101.2 93.0 152.7 80.0 100.5 27.6 108.9 90.4 101.0 114.0 84.0 87.5 87.084 257 799 37.4 106.4 63.6 79.9 101.4 96.544 513 1.0 131.8 119.1 92.2 78.2 79.9 82.6 94.0 100.5 100.7 94.456 43.

1 89.2 Education 451 71.4 100.680 76.6 935 74.4 76.9 Other Services Activities 397 84.3 100.6 92. namely "Community.461 54. air transport. warehousing & support activities for transport and post & courier activities. e.0 96.8 100.0 98.3 94. please refer to the information paper at http://www.1 Business Services 4 1.1 83. .6 79. Rental & Leasing 1. scientific & technical and administrative & support service activities.5 92.0 80. 2010 12.8 75.g.7 96.9 73. legal services. Comprises professional. The scope of the 2008-based QBRI series has been expanded to include Non-Profit Organisations.sg/pubn/papers/economy/ip-b21.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.0 86.7 BUSINESS RECEIPTS INDEX FOR SERVICES INDUSTRIES (2008 = 100) Weights 1 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 10.4 79. employment agencies and travel agencies.4 79.7 Health & Social Work 459 67.4 73.5 77.4 100.5 100.4 87. Excludes wholesale and retail trade.7 77. using data from the Annual Survey of Services 2007.209 65. architectural. Comprises land transport. Social and Personal Services" and "Real Estate Developers" have been included.gov.0 100.1 90.pdf.3 100.0 102.1 Financial & Insurance 2. The weights for the 2008-based QBRI series are based on the value added contributions of the respective industries.2 81.000 68.0 96. For more information.0 105.2 100.9 100. engineering and technical services.0 102. water transport.0 Real Estate.7 100. Two industry sectors.7 71. accounting activities. management and management consultancy services.1 76.7 79.singstat. hotels and restaurants.5 89.3 67.1 Total Services 2 Transport & Storage 3 Information & Communications Note : 1 2 3 4 There is a change in scope of the Quarterly Business Receipts Index (QBRI) series from 1Q2008 onwards after re-basing.9 84.7 88.0 98.2 2.4 89.408 70.

425 51.447 - 2.954 32.277 Local and Export Market 1 Total Hardware and Software/IT Services Market 1 Total 19. With effect from 1999.034 8.076 28.059 28. data include telecommunication services revenue.127 22.894 45.954 32.682 58.148 6.776 19.767 37.804 15.440 18.052 14.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.682 58.483 7. data exclude revenue from 'Advertising activities' and 'Art and graphic design services'.725 2.468 Content Activities 2 Source : Infocomm Development Authority of Singapore Note : Revenues for 2002 onwards were computed using data from large ICT companies and a sample of the remaining ICT companies stratified by the Singapore Standard Industrial Classification.860 22.835 16.334 8.217 24.244 14.150 17.128 16.167 Telecommunications 7.828 34.767 37.583 15.907 15.717 18. 2 With effect from 2007.629 1.383 6. data also include content services revenue.618 19.303 30. 2010 12.556 35.828 34.425 51.639 8.622 1.641 6. .985 33.717 2.693 2.824 Export 9. 1 With effect from 1998.8 REVENUE OF THE INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY Million Dollars 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 19.812 12.894 45.989 8.101 Local 10.817 7.020 Software/IT Services 4.101 Hardware 7.

EXTERNAL TRADE .

The "general" system for recording trade statistics is adopted in Singapore. all goods imported into or exported from Singapore are included in the external trade statistics with the following major exceptions: (i) Transhipment cargo on through bills of lading or through air waybills. (x) Gold bullion and gold coins. It comprises domestic exports and re-exports. (ix) Prior to April 1987. (ii) Postal packages which are based on particulars furnished by the Singapore Post Pte Ltd. and Coverage (xi) Issued currency notes and coins. except those specified as excluded under the Coverage section. Singapore's external trade statistics are compiled by International Enterprise Singapore from the following documents submitted to Singapore Customs: (vi) Ships and aircraft arriving for or departing after repairs. Since April 1987. and (iii) Statement on Bunkers and stores supplied to non-Singaporeregistered ships and aircraft furnished by ships and aircraft agents (vii) Goods temporarily taken in or out of the country to be returned after a specific purpose eg for exhibition. Under this system. for processing. (iv) Exposed cinematographic films imported or exported on rental basis.13 EXTERNAL TRADE Sources of Data (v) Television news films. Exports: Refer to all goods taken out of Singapore. or on behalf of. (viii) Personal and household effects accompanying passengers or crews. for use in manufacturing. except those specified as excluded under the Coverage section. (i) Import and export permits by traders or declaring agents. news or press materials. Ships and aircraft are included if they are imported or exported as merchandise. (iii) Goods imported and exported by. irrespective of whether they are for consumption. Samples and specimens for test or analysis. (ii) Fish and other marine produce landed by Singapore and Peninsular Malaysian-registered vessels direct from sea. external trade statistics were compiled by the Singapore Department of Statistics from the same sources. or for subsequent re-shipment to other countries. and unaccompanied personal effects and gifts not exceeding the value of $400. . whether or not they arrive or depart under their own power. Definitions Imports: Refer to all goods brought into Singapore. diplomatic services and Armed Forces.

Revision 4 is used from 2007 onwards and SITC. Imports are classified by country of origin and exports by country of destination. splitting into lots. Trade at 2006 Prices: This is obtained by adjusting the recorded value of trade using import/export price indices with base year 2006. Revision 3 for years prior to 2007. This classification adopts the ASEAN Harmonized Tariff Nomenclature 2007 (AHTN 2007) which is based on the 6-digit Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System (HS). marking and the like).13 EXTERNAL TRADE (cont’d) Domestic Exports: Refer to exports of Singapore origin. the value of goods at the frontier of the exporting country plus the cost of insurance and freight and any other charges when sold for export to Singapore. for publication of external trade statistics. manufactured. sorting or grading. the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC). . that is. assembled or processed in Singapore including those with imported materials or parts. Detailed monthly trade statistics are available in the "Singapore Trade Statistics. the Singapore Trade Classification. aircraft or vehicle. that is. The series on trade at 2006 prices indicate the volume of trade after adjusting for the effect of price changes. Re-exports: Refer to all goods which are exported from Singapore in the same form as they have been imported (including goods that have undergone minor processing. developed by the World Customs Organization (WCO). Customs and Excise Duties 2007 is adopted for the documentation of Singapore’s external trade. It comprises (i) primary commodities grown or produced in Singapore and (ii) goods which have been transformed. such as re-packing. Classification With effect from 30 October 2007. that is. Imports and Exports". Exports are valued at fob. However. Valuation Other References Imports are valued at cif. the value of goods to the purchaser abroad up to the point where the goods are deposited on board the outgoing vessel.

5 157.9 312.2 274.7 378.287.200.7 229.330.852.3 178.701.118.8 79.227.495.6 361.6 361.967.986.6 361.7 43.398.478.181.441.1 173.943.3 47.655.138.851.291.6 208.313.483.5 83.0 814.532.552.1 66.3 69.8 370.309.230.8 220.6 167.287.075.294.100.1 171.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.604.8 100.762.6 271.6 Exports Oil Non-oil Domestic Exports Oil Non-oil At 2006 Prices Total Trade 422.680.6 175.298.117.559.1 Imports Oil Non-oil 221.8 152.1 62.902.1 167.0 428.644.649.045.1 315.8 58.979.482.084.181.066.632.5 213.366.6 304. .8 356.115.871.0 385.6 167.9 320.5 388.595.299.554.182.475.431.359.337.4 234.9 63.252.5 403.2 78.8 101.3 137.0 Exports Oil Non-oil Domestic Exports Oil Non-oil Source : International Enterprise Singapore Note : Prior to 2003.1 382.343.1 74.193.6 78.0 201.015.0 141.722.964.006.3 76.991.389.324.8 59.2 158.190.2 116.903.589.1 124.5 325.627.4 285.5 227.335.4 665.8 747.217.2 85.388.1 74.142.9 15.890.9 476.2 293.2 70.8 285.4 919.945.1 58.454.0 59.2 154.006.6 267.948.7 715.235.3 61.773.2 48.0 333. 2010 13.924.720.632.608.378.402.2 89.618.8 245.6 128.1 63.0 195.3 866.903.615.8 204.160.6 304.2 191.917.0 89.6 15.604.791.773.3 324.8 322.4 37.2 431.189.5 393.7 52.5 142.242.7 728.607.1 69.6 391.228.6 378.6 64.1 180.6 17.271.289.705.279.8 200.0 247.9 207.746.644.283.5 810.2 224.2 628.8 450.3 341.447.0 57.856.537.4 194.552.5 Re-exports 76.5 227.632.232.8 810.0 Imports Oil Non-oil 188.2 115.7 249.5 927.0 180.3 237.279.003.417.0 59.2 387.3 335.2 215.6 463.483.6 450.4 239.887.091.526.5 431.816.371.995.153.443.2 54.8 294.654.144.612.902.5 395.515.145.724.3 58.0 350.7 83.2 Re-exports 77.378.3 171.798.7 155.3 204.954.8 74. data exclude trade with Indonesia.2 152.892.952.359.559.1 EXTERNAL TRADE BY TYPE Million Dollars 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 At Current Prices Total Trade 382.5 240.887.5 342.3 477.2 442.606.000.8 173.348.0 312.984.414.3 846.723.936.421.2 70.141.414.947.924.5 99.0 41.107.9 154.1 343.334.172.

5 26.5 49.307.8 3.0 461.968.417. Slovak Rep.5 11.052.9 11.5 1.853.213.0 3. Estonia.6 119.134.6 13.079.6 51.4 81.2 14.287.4 19.5 11.3 1.116.259.639.967.5 22.104.5 17.4 2.607. Germany.9 1.397.830.782.0 53.7 1.2 30.2 10. Slovenia.8 24.881.322.7 1.358.5 644.811.8 747.9 53.9 110.6 5.349.4 37.434.4 108.0 75.0 4.980.5 530.2 628. Cyprus.135.6 34.5 54.0 23.8 28.2 4.008.908.3 4.7 1.7 91.887.606.144.5 5.4 1.5 779.920.7 66.9 18.2 101.722.1 9.274. Finland.305.842.048.6 20.164.832.475.2 97.8 55.6 45.4 2.5 54.973.148.106.519.7 1.918.082.751.2 36.2 21.1 16.9 31.782. Lithuania. Denmark.467.033.5 852.6 44.5 11.354.639.4 17. Republic of Kuwait Laos Malaysia Pakistan Philippines Saudi Arabia Sri Lanka Taiwan Thailand United Arab Emirates Vietnam Europe 1 EU .710.4 69.7 1.757.315.198.006.1 6.271. Italy.047.7 655.450.255.633.2 2.963.6 94.150.114.193.890.5 12.0 17.815.8 15.6 11.125.389.0 67.808.017.8 1.392.0 37.2 4.2 8.8 62.1 86.5 15.558.9 1.2 4.087.0 11.597.412.5 8.2 190.138.6 66.9 557.535.6 42.066.358.9 101.4 3.960.854.482.1 3.7 1.168.007.3 1.299.4 16.6 34.9 3.3 908.1 4.768.0 52.351.229.7 31.1 91.9 11.9 8.920.5 17.652.190.3 9. Poland.332.8 35.3 7.360.340.829.9 11.952.078.4 513.7 16.038.169.147.7 17.1 15.079.5 72.1 1.654.0 109.871.036.0 1.2 105. Spain. Netherlands.420.1 4.954.9 21.2 17.512.0 1.3 92.6 18.413.581.452.8 1.9 7.608.821.6 1.8 3.8 22.5 117.4 497.1 42. Latvia.2 61.026.408.126.422.785.090.1 11.8 5.604.446.900.5 927.1 2.085.805.1 15.7 89.7 4.760.0 Africa 3.482.902.619.5 75.633.7 54.495.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.7 13. .207.8 1.431.400.2 69.7 1.6 20.048.5 86.3 3.979.1 111.5 17.926.5 428.585.493.964.536.4 672.353.3 2.076.996.6 28.900.9 88.496.2 4. Ireland.7 898.1 21.814.562.7 58. Sweden and the United Kingdom.052.0 60.773.8 8.0 12.712.1 10.889.5 11.9 52.2 66.3 5.7 na 1.388.683.6 13.703.514.259.5 5.3 49.8 Oceania Australia New Zealand 9.9 5.2 12.2 6.1 108.5 31.588.4 60.6 232.552.942.5 564.4 3.5 13.1 590.038.2 86.8 1.4 1.211.6 4.601.6 2.120.2 4. 2010 13.3 14. Czech Rep.6 312.8 1.801.658.4 1.2 1.8 39.547.921.0 16.8 27.419.9 2.814.5 13.296.2 91.291.0 1.0 96.2 671. 1 The European Union (EU) comprises Austria.034.837.2 25.483.6 1.8 2.787.5 25.5 470.316.237.735.756.177.5 65.8 2.4 1.9 1.945.941.0 84.227.8 55.722.8 1.6 653.174.8 9.2 TOTAL TRADE BY REGION/COUNTRY Million Dollars Region / Country 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 382.8 2.735. Greece.137.1 6.6 22.7 1.765.7 29.855.9 35.0 13.8 17.4 2.506.5 61.0 21. data exclude trade with Indonesia.7 715.6 27.445.601.1 11.713.799.6 19.6 2.745.192.260.514.147.425.182.261.951.7 8.907.257.8 38.328. France.280. Belgium.869.281.073.8 4.1 85.9 15.4 14.947.0 5.753.474.711.022.769.4 2.773.652.930.5 21.594.213.177.189.9 1.384. Hungary.0 2.963.808.8 3.4 1.536.657.9 77.1 14.4 29.231.817.1 34.860.6 788.468. Bulgaria.302. Romania.1 13.4 76.5 8.3 1. Luxembourg. of which France Germany Italy Netherlands Sweden United Kingdom Switzerland Source : International Enterprise Singapore Note : Prior to 2003.044.005.042.0 11.495.8 Total America Brazil Canada United States Asia Bahrain Bangladesh Brunei Darussalam Cambodia China Hong Kong India Indonesia Iran Japan Korea.6 85.8 810.582.505.3 88.800.315.614.517.9 877.678.007.494.074.0 4. Portugal.791.3 24.6 48. Malta.1 2.3 19.2 71.048.217.8 1.4 104.0 20.550.3 846.5 28.2 90.166.0 1.1 16.452.8 7.895.8 96.086.193.4 1.856.858.9 15.436.595.084.259.6 6.

2 888.9 6.3 6.5 1.3 43.1 6.2 24.1 395.646. Ireland.817.907.6 11.7 235.7 13.6 356.9 51.424.6 55.634.5 127.7 167.3 348.6 3.423.612.607.0 1.3 3.585.3 222.8 7.484.3 97.495.920.252. Latvia.559.4 2.974.966.523.9 9.0 2.027.1 6.206.4 70.410.2 4.2 22.8 110.979.006. Estonia.7 6. Denmark.6 49.5 2.3 1.265.7 43.654.4 24.336.9 19.3 7.9 7.6 1.338.894.623.1 1.054.2 1.283.1 3.169. Romania.7 1.4 1.6 37.9 16.137.4 23.299.540.033.6 8. Belgium.553.163.2 3.6 14.8 73.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.0 8.4 2.708.777.659.541.8 1.368.802.9 43. Lithuania.9 5.4 3.908.804.2 1.5 20.138.808.4 4.324.303.6 340.8 4.529.426.5 4.118. .1 9.7 48.9 32.6 3.464.3 19.5 47.044.515.4 565.140.6 49.884.165.184.206.8 16.4 41. Hungary.2 34.909.860.892.579.0 614.4 1.0 3.4 23.6 1.894.465.324.850.442.719.2 5.334.235. Cyprus.7 81.6 4.510.7 7.6 27.352.774.827.7 8.797.239.338.503. 1 The European Union (EU) comprises Austria.1 Source : International Enterprise Singapore Note : Prior to 2003.3 99.5 211.6 2.7 7. 2010 13.4 5.8 45.7 53.4 34.818.711.4 5.642.435.1 245.7 64.7 833.3 55.9 703.224.794.400.6 60.573.322.254.141.593.3 23.063.0 11.204.2 104.3 7.0 1.906.240.4 1.5 2.8 80.833.6 437.2 1.1 9.6 32.0 204.0 3.0 41.0 48.804.339.195.827.013.777.232.1 12.3 36.8 137.2 6.4 32. Germany.7 333.1 3.7 1.5 236.5 532.307.453.5 32.031.4 247.171.889.3 2.0 306.025.6 6.803.5 697.8 1.739.814.2 5.9 6.454.741.356.856. Portugal. Slovenia.0 6.0 7.2 7.755.400.767. Sweden and the United Kingdom.0 0.1 13.1 1.792.266.648.1 180.1 101.910.0 2.478.0 52.277.636.3 77.491.692.023.7 267.8 4.577.397.6 12.8 6.7 1.4 8.5 120.636.514.5 3.5 15.8 427.194.8 4.4 na 1.0 2.510.7 7. Republic of Kuwait Laos Malaysia Pakistan Philippines Saudi Arabia Sri Lanka Taiwan Thailand United Arab Emirates Vietnam Europe EU 1.4 52.639.068.4 9.0 0.7 4.190.3 3. data exclude trade with Indonesia.306.459.7 4.796.345.300.779.834.847.4 45.4 558.545. Spain.4 47.9 1.819.4 8.6 2.041.0 1.2 8. Netherlands.3 1.2 158.594.5 267.922.201.6 4.303.7 43.5 25.0 2.7 6.860.007.460.373.443.751.3 3.8 5.439.7 4. Italy.9 4.4 6.906.872.584.8 14.008.975.222.9 273.2 17.5 63.459.014.700. of which France Germany Italy Netherlands Sweden United Kingdom Switzerland Oceania Australia New Zealand Africa 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 188.905.359.892. Finland.3 84.5 1. France.8 1. Slovak Rep.3 29.3 28.0 310.0 380.526.242.2 2.5 11.6 14.8 3.967.2 12.1 37.1 38.299.642.6 293. Luxembourg.9 2.7 14.5 453. Bulgaria.330.8 49.928.555.851.156.507. Czech Rep.4 1.755.5 4.246.4 948.1 6.159.595.9 25.5 18.337.9 49.6 20.1 9.2 11.5 178.0 99.1 261.4 2.1 5.5 20.3 6.8 1.475.8 11. Greece.0 1.1 1.177.763.971.915.6 1.111.6 5.9 11.9 2.922.473.9 6.2 3.187.241.093.063.4 4.3 53. Malta.662.598.3 124.7 3.9 126.3 6.0 3.9 5.480.1 7.4 4.8 378.9 1.621.606.2 31.9 261.8 12.5 80.3 IMPORTS BY REGION/COUNTRY Million Dollars Region / Country Total America Brazil Canada United States Asia Bahrain Bangladesh Brunei Darussalam Cambodia China Hong Kong India Indonesia Iran Japan Korea.0 15.0 100.147.535.814.3 34.655.7 27.3 6.1 42.7 450.1 10.2 135.7 276.026.4 5.022.7 8.378.3 2.1 7.704.100.2 31.2 38.3 3.3 127.5 9.401.1 1.924. Poland.8 7.4 198.676.934.3 56.487.737.1 11.9 67.406.788.401.138.774.1 1.421.6 39.9 13.6 164.6 61.

763.024.537.959.1 660.402.885.7 787.320.807.802.373.046. Bulgaria.077.5 707.279.4 158.5 150.034.027.2 2.7 65.316.029.559.256.9 366.0 9.412.487.2 450.076.7 555.9 983.5 1.257.4 1.834.0 6.8 13.0 431.7 1.315.4 699.5 589.524.4 43.495.5 861.638.3 1.535.344.7 5.6 1.278.8 14. Republic of Kuwait Laos Malaysia Pakistan Philippines Saudi Arabia Sri Lanka Taiwan Thailand United Arab Emirates Vietnam Europe 1 EU .3 16.5 37.7 6.178.7 42.224.762.3 119.5 333.0 546.8 1.626.1 17.6 50.1 10.417.9 10.8 7.6 48. Germany.651.175.8 39. 1 The European Union (EU) comprises Austria.708.9 5.048.9 49. Poland.392.6 50. Portugal.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.8 910.246.5 33.4 10.4 825.770.4 314.076.6 15.128.659.7 43.8 10.7 27.4 6.5 4.7 211.1 58.3 8.9 5.7 9.1 987.2 23.795.938.563.646.075. Hungary.702.8 32.155.006.411.2 5.2 169.504.299.618.072.1 19.904.1 609.9 1.5 1.1 2.191.1 23.8 9. of which France Germany Italy Netherlands Sweden United Kingdom Switzerland Source : International Enterprise Singapore Note : Prior to 2003.532.8 238.815.216.8 3.5 1.8 9.065.652.265. Romania.763.2 4.138.7 373.3 54.740.6 39.5 1.7 10.243. Denmark.273.046.228.2 14.540.089.6 40.7 1.766.7 39. Luxembourg.0 3. Belgium.845.615.7 51.0 12.6 191.2 12.609.420.0 2.4 10.269.1 16.4 1.7 734.529.360.662.7 23.2 41.9 129. Czech Rep.2 15.284.9 2.2 1.6 36.5 1.6 10.345.5 43.972.521.909.9 19.3 15.142.029.829.214.7 1.6 25.1 13.6 Africa 2.8 57.5 1.0 17.2 18.2 35.413.8 42.1 733.163.4 1.598.6 10.099.9 44.433.808.8 46.0 80.3 37.816.0 10.215.070. Italy.4 5. Cyprus.5 8.1 6.223.8 32.0 46.642.113.7 5.2 1.255.8 13.7 6.635.1 944.3 112.1 111.1 12.857.5 47.012.3 54.5 1.477.2 3.951.3 6.7 Total America Brazil Canada United States Asia Bahrain Bangladesh Brunei Darussalam Cambodia China Hong Kong India Indonesia Iran Japan Korea.516.1 1.5 224.2 1.182.8 822.532.969. Netherlands.2 545.665.264.9 941.944. Greece.936.874.8 46. Slovak Rep.6 20.7 31.001.721.9 59.028. data exclude trade with Indonesia.817.500.7 8.7 278.2 1.8 5.3 1.1 7.1 48.549. Latvia.1 51.3 37.858.2 9.464.235.992.612.8 821.686.165.613.0 21.2 13.737.1 1.4 64.7 14.1 2.7 902.6 6.4 EXPORTS BY REGION/COUNTRY Million Dollars Region / Country 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 194.8 364.477.0 5.0 7.6 335.7 1.1 18.8 817.894.919.536.3 64.3 1.0 48.8 895.4 14.9 1.0 15.2 807.050.526.167.189.0 382.1 29.1 6.4 1. Spain.4 285.047. Ireland.1 449.317.158. Finland.820.5 56.762.804.7 1.6 160.6 6.3 722.600.8 52.452.1 8.804.9 32.816.3 39.3 12.4 2.3 1.113.535.7 504.388.076.6 927.463.6 1.921.6 2.299.8 45.9 260.4 38.481.3 Oceania Australia New Zealand 6. .627.8 476.167.3 na 243.4 254.1 1.211.2 56. Sweden and the United Kingdom.2 88.097.7 4.915.4 3.0 43.9 54.504.080.1 37.728.203.1 581.0 20. 2010 13.118.2 7.061.3 12.849.0 9.4 19.460.533. Lithuania.1 1.314.6 15.485. France.0 5.965.974.6 11.589.1 66.876.4 1.252.500.066.429.9 2.8 2.366.168.9 8.0 296.159.9 30.3 1.219.026.472.3 25.1 44.7 48.996.312.0 5.155.6 13.5 1.9 1.8 9.377.5 630. Slovenia.612.2 391. Estonia.409.8 11.0 17.7 7.5 5.7 18.9 1.045.8 16.060.155.133.492.3 7.4 22.812.779.3 14.1 7.6 1.3 35.8 48.335.7 129.9 747.038.0 250.4 9.431.258.364.1 45.372.910.661.7 14.125.333.563.8 729.380.1 51.1 825.6 8.4 619.8 43. Malta.566.289.4 818.6 4.198.0 364.832.5 15.5 13.3 6.

341.1 4.2 21.384.674. Cyprus.240.189.7 20. Finland.9 126.7 137.259.1 18.9 2.599.494.075.936.9 476.3 163.190.720.6 451.5 24.8 33.4 240.5 4.5 22.969.1 17.9 4.9 753.6 12.115.171.462.025.6 2.9 1.380.952.5 470.835.013.0 807.6 494.1 3.1 5.0 19.6 422.2 4.3 2.4 369.721.2 3.4 111.3 3.983.763. France.985.200.515. data exclude trade with Indonesia.050.1 1.900.7 9.3 360.4 207. Denmark. Italy.130.716.082.9 15.094.824.9 16.044.2 383.1 5.0 14.3 15.7 388.003.8 1.7 510.480. 2010 13.952.027.1 465.7 290. Greece.573.000.509.642. 1 The European Union (EU) comprises Austria.9 239.6 50.864.9 311.7 6.8 508.501.4 96.620.3 17.2 33.1 454.0 18.219. Luxembourg.1 8.1 247.8 140. Romania.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.3 6. Portugal.7 1.7 29.916.7 2.5 526.8 32.1 594.5 5.9 32.349.435.911.852.677.5 4.670.7 1.8 3.629.8 1.815.5 496.2 662.4 39.729.704.8 8.3 21.5 18.3 153.730.286.882.3 12.6 15.977.2 4.259.325.9 Asia Bahrain Bangladesh Brunei Darussalam Cambodia China Hong Kong India Indonesia Iran Japan Korea.5 DOMESTIC EXPORTS BY REGION/COUNTRY Million Dollars Region / Country 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 116.2 251.946.7 4.1 487.956.2 67.8 3.154. Czech Rep.9 7.5 4.7 9.287.6 24.0 180.9 5.3 693.228. Slovenia.5 5.982.2 4.9 221.480.7 3.2 145.4 5.746.4 6.5 19.3 43.1 4.533.1 4.532.7 7.9 31.7 20.438.488.6 131.3 6.8 564.3 1.7 4.066.4 13.4 22.384.3 26.781.597.5 122.9 451.756.591.4 30.8 4.7 20.4 12.8 264.7 14.7 227.902.2 22.7 244.869.614.211.5 3.1 17. Slovak Rep.3 466.675.6 4. Belgium.124.129.241.2 301.761.7 704.956. .5 9. Lithuania.069.688.6 491.8 3.6 1.378.0 1.459.2 1.877.9 365.9 8.386.866.870.359.478.151.2 3.347.206.742.5 26.438.273.676.744.8 449.8 998.0 10.1 7.2 514.2 3. Malta.768.9 371.2 5.2 61.929.9 Oceania Australia New Zealand 3.8 16.8 91.5 26.5 10.596.169.7 243.1 13.0 2.673.9 541.7 4.8 29.3 285.020.5 603.1 America Brazil Canada United States 31.003.970.934.400.619.9 5.731.476.7 13.908.218.280.9 3.447.7 5.869.107.4 20.216.653.9 12. Estonia.8 32.7 34.4 4.3 2.3 366.1 3.1 6.030.5 5.612.312.2 415.6 459.481.2 166.754.988.4 15.4 986.9 6.7 23.059.997.198.8 227.8 4.3 90.8 2.1 605.964.3 19.7 28.5 7.8 22.258.2 352.2 7.3 6.0 6.2 5.7 1.667.190.9 3.0 5.4 412. Ireland.1 30.7 312.0 509.952.087.282.9 156.3 2. Latvia.420.0 597.0 234.496.1 312.4 Total 1 EU .0 200.236.7 300.6 3.3 149.9 31.8 442.8 1. Bulgaria.0 456.9 264.953. Republic of Kuwait Laos Malaysia Pakistan Philippines Saudi Arabia Sri Lanka Taiwan Thailand United Arab Emirates Vietnam 56.859.6 6.5 2.835.293.6 3. Netherlands.106.4 653.392. Germany.8 3.4 6.5 237.536.7 78.0 Europe 22.6 327.107.038.4 19.154.9 1.4 9.191. Spain.2 4.1 8.852.997. Sweden and the United Kingdom.783.4 8.3 na 142.922.8 2.4 107.935.4 8.809.697.525. Poland.0 35.7 43.9 34.5 4.9 6.9 814.8 418.8 13.6 1.164.3 201.7 14.8 4. Hungary.699.312.4 8.8 9.4 6.129.1 6.6 Africa 1.0 8.4 3.2 65.266.9 22.517.5 38.725.687.4 1.1 4.985.334.5 1.8 10.8 10.6 1.232.973.618.9 20.1 692.903.4 12.252.7 80.5 330.5 475.438.102.6 356.5 415.5 24.026.7 1. of which France Germany Italy Netherlands Sweden United Kingdom Switzerland Source : International Enterprise Singapore Note : Prior to 2003.4 2.139.

8 5.1 297. Belgium. France.1 3.4 15.116. Denmark.130.1 11.9 4.110.2 649.419.4 30. .0 24. Luxembourg.5 31.348.4 4.8 10.5 266. Sweden and the United Kingdom.5 1.0 4.724.435.0 157.573.5 4.4 2.504.4 5.2 705.7 1.8 141.310.5 5.6 52.8 2.970. Italy.6 216.6 16.3 28.840. Latvia. Finland.6 NON-OIL DOMESTIC EXPORTS BY REGION/COUNTRY Million Dollars Region / Country 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 101.169.621.0 Asia Bahrain Bangladesh Brunei Darussalam Cambodia China Hong Kong India Indonesia Iran Japan Korea.0 3.1 4.4 412.731. Czech Rep.3 251.3 347.266.1 4.7 10.0 4.6 500.4 112. Spain.780.6 1.498.776.0 359.3 4.7 224.531.4 24.476.572.6 7.214.936.123.2 1.770.023.3 8.585.6 3.9 39.599.644.2 4.2 150.7 2. Romania.0 29.5 9.9 255.526.4 2.7 15.900.9 154.3 334.130.4 4.875.556.576.5 8.2 88.0 82.5 3.3 8.787.0 29.233.039.6 327.8 4.916.9 5.7 22.6 345.3 345.0 41.7 8.4 81.409.003.523.513.7 391.3 15.253.517.2 1.113.5 156.7 94.5 257.4 22.5 5.3 5.2 4.7 25.6 543.632.734.134.1 2.773.301.6 2.909.8 31.110.8 2.830.182. Slovenia.268. Cyprus.8 3.950.785.8 1.033.247.1 4.2 386.890.372.603.889.7 327.0 11.923.601.7 603. Malta.547.2 4.7 13.3 9.2 na 29.449.4 32.5 339.221.1 11.7 12. Estonia.1 99.9 10.430.0 465.4 4.2 3.0 2.2 8.7 11.832.012.5 1.9 5.461.811.238.5 3.6 3.492.0 277.041.2 1.6 14.098. Greece.3 5.277.3 40.917.6 410.5 2.9 276.3 207.723.4 642.0 3.4 320.066.544. Netherlands.7 72.6 10.490.1 3.9 219.7 494.286.2 4.792.911.4 5.5 28.1 2.3 451.8 459.5 37.470.9 26.493.1 7.226.8 313. Portugal. Lithuania.5 1.8 30.8 310.9 6.118. Hungary.0 230.655.655.666.573.624.5 497.6 Europe 21.635.2 7.1 142.261.575.0 238.250.1 90.3 196.7 477.4 25.434.0 158.8 295.496.957.6 419.6 3.091.918.1 460.490.701.8 5.6 509.2 546.615.6 3.421.7 3.787.4 16.514.8 3.691.3 1.7 21.1 1.2 15.9 1.775.7 131.5 Total 1 EU .9 8.4 102.852.4 1.255.1 4.2 10.7 385.3 406.4 1.5 217.4 26.864.3 14.916.2 237.392.5 126.484. data exclude trade with Indonesia.279.395.6 5.1 93.102.2 3.4 1.6 408.013.7 473.7 6.967.770.560.7 6.0 12.146.8 3.233.6 5.199.218.9 983.8 20.2 America Brazil Canada United States 29.277.5 11.2 79.8 22.9 272.598.6 10.5 25.9 972.4 2.2 449.729.0 12.5 116.6 3.4 12.9 3.023.7 496.1 793.023.868.0 453.133.6 30.262.7 22.649. Ireland.520.9 26.400.1 733.091.2 233.2 2.0 174.062.707.159.357.9 6.6 87. Bulgaria.9 681.817.485.511.498.740.7 1.5 167.5 27.0 6.7 9.8 96.135.2 1.7 433.5 317.9 31.4 434.1 99.1 11.0 1.0 3.8 539.3 979.827.0 2.4 5.584.2 4.4 100.1 3. Poland.9 332.1 11.133.5 20.1 1.372.340.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.237.064.3 89.991.9 10.1 493.7 4.9 4.7 2.905.560.158.169.4 1.5 71.0 11.4 464.460. 1 The European Union (EU) comprises Austria. Republic of Kuwait Laos Malaysia Pakistan Philippines Saudi Arabia Sri Lanka Taiwan Thailand United Arab Emirates Vietnam 45.8 92.237. Germany.2 267.0 4.9 10.0 209.1 5.5 3.0 14.265.346.918.4 171.9 98.0 336.4 462.826.3 6. of which France Germany Italy Netherlands Sweden United Kingdom Switzerland Oceania Australia New Zealand Africa Source : International Enterprise Singapore Note : Prior to 2003.859.011.0 1.382.8 1.1 12.0 1. 2010 13. Slovak Rep.3 5.070.325.668.

Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.040.1 30.7 1.0 1.2 Food Coffee etc & spices Fish & fish preparations Vegetables & fruits 4.8 497.9 3.237.181.5 367.614.114.972.8 183.6 85.4 2.3 312.1 4.548.9 7.1 1.3 2.248.964.2 11.593.7 1.2 2.2 43.4 588.764.257.3 185.7 7.632.0 8.8 123.310.6 1.743.4 6.014.6 2.494.3 672.2 321.317.724.2 5.070.257.1 1. Data prior to 2007 are based on Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) Rev 3.4 1.284.644.4 7.696.894.318. data are based on SITC Rev 4.9 315.0 2.9 610.0 3.3 1.5 2.6 23.0 440.4 361.797.694.083.7 6.5 35.8 27.6 993.714.4 2.8 2.4 306.6 2.1 6.1 2.924.2 567.1 395.730.029.892.000.169.132.0 5.443.6 1.885.4 440.803.672.4 26.9 2.4 1.8 2.7 2.5 5.660.993.837.299.713.0 1.313.0 829.4 1.2 7.0 1.7 1.6 3. toilet preparations 11.770.075.3 23.1 2.366.729.365.522.624.190.0 3.082.3 668.4 1.5 1.680.239.802.110.6 391.979.656.019.9 6.3 2.158.8 213.645.369.5 1.5 172.660.337.4 193.8 2.4 83.708.288.8 6.632.7 286.022.8 1.870.6 2.3 3.0 5.684.675.2 742.7 1.461.551.9 Total Mineral Fuels Petroleum & products 1 (continued on next page) Source : International Enterprise Singapore Note : Prior to 2003.8 6.116.9 1.9 79.3 4.723.0 479.379.1 783.630.7 593.918.821.0 6.1 2.6 71.695.3 1.141.7 1.9 2.1 802.2 79.583. 1 Includes oil bunkers.396.1 5.7 705.6 657.574.404.0 1.462.429.0 18.7 450.5 1.4 544.9 2.089.583.9 2. .6 4.4 1.6 25.3 816.506.7 333.6 583.667.7 532.8 1.4 591.5 278.9 1.7 1.700.990.2 59.7 20.9 Beverages & Tobacco Beverages Tobacco & manufactures 1.8 2.9 1.082.3 829.189.7 3.8 303.3 2.045.3 17.035.3 8.9 7.989.7 365.970.4 2.3 291.743.2 Chemicals & Chemical Products Organic chemicals Plastics in primary forms Medicinal products Perfume.302.783.3 259.0 545.272.4 8.9 1.7 Manufactured Goods Non-ferrous metals Iron & steel Metal manufactures Non-metal mineral manufactures Textile manufactures Paper manufactures Rubber manufactures nes 14.377.1 1.4 365.5 2.9 2.3 760.901.373.9 2.8 378.0 1.009.7 625.212.115.8 6.470.7 2.2 2.905.9 547.4 89.0 4.2 2.9 2.5 1.409.791.273.5 612.168.283.7 3. data exclude trade with Indonesia.0 807.0 1.7 283.7 Animal & Vegetable Oils Vegetable oils unprocessed Other animal / vegetable oils 504.3 2.6 356.8 17.882.2 684.993.647.1 1.197.749.295.1 5.190.7 333.4 742.9 21.6 1.7 22.6 293.249.983.8 2.6 1.6 673.079.6 1.047.075. From January 2007 onwards.9 2.7 972.1 2.0 4.157.1 103.2 74.243.256.441.5 1.972.893.1 347.247.617.3 514.644.6 6.932.9 3.4 1.3 1.9 Crude Materials Metallic ores & scrap Crude rubber (incl synthetic) Crude fertilizers & minerals Crude materials nes 1.161.9 3.0 619.7 IMPORTS BY COMMODITY SECTION Million Dollars Commodity Section 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 188.6 57.000.4 1.763.7 43.090.398. 2010 13.230.379.936.079.569.316.321.2 1.145.7 1.6 6.715.2 128.4 59.4 20.

4 Electrical machinery nes 2.5 3.2 26.3 8.7 4.688.102. cellular/hand phones.403. TV cameras.9 24.3 3.517.8 3.9 4.525. 2010 13.545.133.270.7 3.6 7.4 2.8 5.8 3. microphones.810.654.568.225.1 7.692.0 12.602.563.9 3.0 19.632.2 10.5 4.0 Non-electronics Electrical circuit apparatus 37.289.695.614.8 7.174.2 5.6 76.5 54.158.4 10.0 2.719. .8 9.785.948.4 5.650.594.250.9 72.5 4.303.965.367.081.6 3.796. data exclude trade with Indonesia.0 2.9 Integrated circuits 29. still image video cameras and other video camera recorders.954.9 7.3 8.0 2.231.272.469.456.1 6. satellite discs and parts for these products.6 100.019.906.851.656.789.260.2 14.6 4.6 52.229.7 1.3 207.2 11.735.0 3.674.692.3 60.5 5.8 2. video cameras and recorders. radio broadcast receivers.347.574.5 29.4 117.327.1 4. radio remote controls.143.2 4.980.0 8.628.7 27.523.406. radar and navigational equipment.073.8 6.266. and parts for these products.9 83. loudspeakers.511.6 140.7 19.8 6.2 5.282.553.300.9 Photographic apparatus Clothing 3.305.266.110.4 3.0 3.103.7 3.2 57.0 8.1 4.5 67.785.137.615.877.4 171.150.7 10.672.012.4 10.3 9.854.6 29.0 12.7 7.4 3.6 2.2 9.161. headphones.8 59.215.869.6 7.406.6 Telecommunications equipment 3 Consumer electronics Personal computers Parts of integrated circuits Diodes and transistors 2 - 7.072.871.0 3.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.9 7. 2 Includes pagers.3 Scientific instruments 4.826.463.838.388.5 135.983.3 3.5 7.7 4. From January 2007 onwards.371.4 4.2 3.588.472.333.060.620.2 2.3 3.0 170.0 210. Data prior to 2007 are based on Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) Rev 3.7 3.261.8 5.323.301.9 8.3 2.6 25.508.355.6 Parts of personal computers Disk drives 14.6 6.3 7.7 9.029.6 126.0 22.5 3.522.8 208.364.151.7 70.968.405.843.189.9 3.943.693.201.1 - 2.3 19.5 128.0 51.642.3 8.766.060. earphones.956.833.1 Miscellaneous manufactured articles nes Miscellaneous Source : International Enterprise Singapore Note: Prior to 2003.9 10. video and sound recorders.0 6.0 6.553.764.506.046.8 19.2 13.079.669.320.514. television cameras.206.7 IMPORTS BY COMMODITY SECTION (continued) Million Dollars Commodity Section 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Machinery & Equipment Electronics 113.9 4.946.150.0 3.412.238.5 5.6 67.7 Miscellaneous Manufactures 19.011. data are based on SITC Rev 4.986.974.2 8. 3 Includes television receivers.5 4.357.539.0 67.228.4 185.5 4.475.

000.219.6 846.147.8 3.824.3 1.584.8 476.283.5 56.5 8.3 335.4 4.3 24.0 729.2 1.4 702.1 1.8 407.2 221.7 513.2 661.6 446.233.1 18.7 3.4 4.915.1 2.0 Total Mineral Fuels Petroleum & products 1 Manufactured Goods Non-ferrous metals Iron & steel Metal manufactures Non-metal mineral manufactures Textile manufactures Paper manufactures Rubber manufactures nes (continued on next page) Source : International Enterprise Singapore Note : Prior to 2003.0 431.6 114.7 115.3 888.0 2.4 247.561.8 1.543.5 3.1 8.2 21.2 696.6 795.4 649.7 403.284.3 281.985.624.248.8 374.6 1.9 1.723.8 EXPORTS BY COMMODITY SECTION Million Dollars Commodity Section 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 194.7 240.265.2 1.0 78.2 1.615.612.1 317.025.2 1.118.0 314.449.495.2 1.4 1. data exclude trade with Indonesia.5 189.325.1 1.552.6 335.212.2 1.889.532.4 6.519.5 474.3 293.0 212.892.1 958.3 210.1 2.121.105.2 3.6 41.865.478.2 1.699.2 270.8 60.1 Animal & Vegetable Oils Vegetable oils unprocessed Other animal / vegetable oils 482.367.725.806.3 9.2 3.0 984.0 10.413.7 Beverages & Tobacco Beverages Tobacco & manufactures 1.030.126.028.0 1.6 576.068.2 1.4 49.917.8 40.6 2.398.597.015.5 1.1 2.8 550.0 1.0 4.240.2 5.186.6 518.0 410.3 1.010.4 46.615.3 3.0 1.7 3.6 2.482.681.9 769.9 1.450.4 984.7 189.2 180.6 2.380.4 544.412.9 4.6 Crude Materials Metallic ores & scrap Crude rubber (incl synthetic) Crude fertilizers & minerals Crude materials nes 1.462.5 1.083.798.332.1 3.882.3 4.5 1.016.5 3.7 7.544.287.7 247.798.2 1.0 79.6 15.0 55.514.890.531.8 1.2 552.002.5 4.325.075.903.705.1 20.1 16.525.2 1.654.2 Food Coffee etc & spices Fish & fish preparations Vegetables & fruits 2.197. data are based on SITC Rev 4.610.6 69.0 18.7 476.7 422.9 584.1 Chemicals & Chemical Products Organic chemicals Plastics in primary forms Medicinal products Perfume.6 348.335. 1 Includes oil bunkers.9 7.8 57.7 4.600.699.0 1. From January 2007 onwards.835.692.4 22.041.387. toilet preparations 15.5 518.728.448.515.8 6. Data prior to 2007 are based on Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) Rev 3.4 10.031.053.398.6 2.094.3 3.5 661.7 648.887.3 2.8 8.268.559.6 336.5 658.5 593.497.6 2.022.1 8.281.2 124.0 382.2 167.061.0 70.4 1.1 17.0 2.1 1.414.904.409.3 48.445.3 2.8 271.257.1 4.9 21.266.060.2 1.8 363.5 278.335.6 1.331.3 3.218.691.8 78.762.1 2.0 13.242.0 809.0 941.6 4.370.9 2.9 313.2 2.4 3.0 234.627.3 15.378.7 3.8 4.711.095.7 514.6 38.1 8.750.524.8 3.931.0 454.070. 2010 13.985.1 1.2 598.8 2.5 116.2 1.8 5.3 43.948.530.4 187.0 192.004.8 20.289.007.274. .183.656.5 136.2 801.4 306.618.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.7 166.9 2.947.7 5.5 1.4 709.1 1.4 683.4 2.039.197.0 78.341.4 761.4 2.377.421.1 4.757.0 905.9 944.995.3 319.9 9.2 391.1 1.2 450.9 18.923.5 4.445.718.3 848.

2010 13.5 11. and parts for these products.2 17.7 42.159.784.8 3.2 13. .0 3.4 2.519.0 26.575.175.8 Miscellaneous Manufactures 16.485.4 27.765.898.180.3 61.5 6.3 68.3 21.382.7 5.144.141.7 8.539.687.1 13.517.0 5.719.6 8.057.1 21. microphones.468.718.8 3.591.8 Electrical machinery nes 2.0 6. television cameras. cellular/hand phones.8 4.8 2.993.337.715.797.078.101.0 Integrated circuits 29.940.665.284.646.9 8.6 7.901.2 12.9 60.3 106.606.847.295.6 28.7 13.314.791.828.1 17.147.5 10.5 2. TV cameras.0 26.657.4 29.281. video and sound recorders.520. earphones.281.503.8 56.203.2 174.511.1 7.2 9.308.6 2.2 6.2 1.782.414.900.4 14.068.1 10.521.1 29.3 29.0 203.6 12.5 68.8 2.382.7 203.2 26.759.6 50.3 2.701.854.0 174.6 75.9 Photographic apparatus Clothing 3. From January 2007 onwards.807.6 9.9 5.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.238.5 7.511.980.996.2 2.8 4.812.240. headphones.3 2.5 9.6 28. 2 Includes pagers.201. video cameras and recorders.0 Telecommunications equipment 3 Consumer electronics Personal computers Parts of integrated circuits 2 Diodes and transistors 4.4 90.9 4.2 6.439.6 3.3 6.048.864.732.1 7.4 2.173.509.136.6 4.424.941.1 185.856.755.0 7.952.727.835.917.9 Miscellaneous manufactured articles nes Miscellaneous Source : International Enterprise Singapore Note: Prior to 2003.451. radar and navigational equipment.052.7 16.875.3 12.043.066.2 3.3 11. data are based on SITC Rev 4.589.3 10.0 9.8 EXPORTS BY COMMODITY SECTION (continued) Million Dollars Commodity Section 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Machinery & Equipment Electronics 128.1 29.364.501.272.984.9 2.3 3.547.949.120.4 6.8 224.031.863.516.2 7.1 14.633.258.1 10.674.7 2.196.885.7 8.8 6.294.4 7.9 6.486.803.3 80.5 192.7 12.822. radio broadcast receivers.015.139.088.423. 3 Includes television receivers.4 84.868.5 7.7 247.727.9 6.779.4 Non-electronics Electrical circuit apparatus 22.0 10.748.093. still image video cameras and other video camera recorders.702.1 6.682.3 2. data exclude trade with Indonesia.3 73.040.8 16.2 7.4 6.9 3.4 9.679. satellite discs and parts for these products.7 5.7 6.951.201.914.6 4.955.1 10.548.8 242.655.370.3 21. loudspeakers.071.6 160.980.7 8.5 3.6 2.273. radio remote controls.2 8. Data prior to 2007 are based on Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) Rev 3.7 Parts of personal computers Disk drives 16.853.432.215.3 3.7 Scientific instruments 3.2 249.035.4 2.348.9 142.444.160.

622.655.0 8.9 312.0 200.4 694.2 25.0 1.4 192.1 Beverages & Tobacco Beverages Tobacco & manufactures 262.2 227.210.369.309.9 505.1 30.2 88.1 1.345.3 781.2 1.0 84.8 879.2 748.5 926.447.405.3 1.6 420.9 302. From January 2007 onwards.527.6 393.548.5 Animal & Vegetable Oils Vegetable oils unprocessed Other animal / vegetable oils 345.840.2 252.821.9 25.9 141.043.7 87.2 186.1 74. Data prior to 2007 are based on Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) Rev 3.7 1.7 338.2 121.118.6 251.9 694.4 34.6 243.3 77.8 Chemicals & Chemical Products Organic chemicals Plastics in primary forms Medicinal products Perfume.0 100. data are based on SITC Rev 4.5 75.117.1 247.3 382.153.4 39.5 200.2 278.443.3 246.6 368.5 548.2 52.5 36.3 210.8 878.2 7.4 440.544.378.8 4.191.6 2.923.5 4.9 181.2 559.505.7 609.9 1.8 392.2 16.9 4.237.8 635.1 7.666.5 8.768.9 262.8 5.759.444.0 58.8 61.200.2 59.1 62.1 2.5 1.4 974.6 8.8 13.5 22.175.2 558.526.904.356.449.5 79.5 219.4 484.798.3 193.618.4 15.1 3.8 427.903.6 Crude Materials Metallic ores & scrap Crude rubber (incl synthetic) Crude fertilizers & minerals Crude materials nes 497.4 99.003.6 58.3 3.6 1.0 2.0 33.4 473.2 646.5 1.6 80.074.9 29.402.248.233.227.3 942. 1 Includes oil bunkers. 2010 13.0 840.437.3 4.6 6.6 1.3 63.3 26.079.4 451.6 1.207.7 7. data exclude trade with Indonesia.2 384.861.1 655.2 426.5 247.588.3 37.7 1.8 251.4 432.0 19.2 1.2 871.2 192.7 1.9 90.6 6.526.4 92.7 318.9 89. .934.972.9 DOMESTIC EXPORTS BY COMMODITY SECTION Million Dollars Commodity Section 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 116.271.332.3 52.290.6 45.142.046.6 1.8 237.760.324.2 374.6 81.620.262. toilet preparations 10.854.9 58.3 316.0 161.7 2.6 983.029.090.0 278.695.3 5.2 4.8 70.5 5.5 771.9 403.0 6.6 1.4 639.5 295.743.7 227.5 410.2 681.590.7 138.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.081.2 37.392.2 148.2 104.604.853.6 8.6 177.5 174.183.9 542.116.0 10.1 3.9 1.6 4.4 207.6 19.0 3.2 97.256.3 206.0 1.2 2.4 963.5 411.0 234.9 180.1 18.513.2 326.1 144.1 85.9 79.2 275.7 7.9 1.550.3 27.047.6 454.359.1 586.3 741.9 2.2 412.5 533.479.6 343.8 231.213.5 67.0 12.8 1.8 16.5 7.6 2.8 233.7 231.5 609.307.3 704.5 1.5 18.970.2 581.250.4 44.5 Total Food Coffee etc & spices Fish & fish preparations Vegetables & fruits Mineral Fuels Petroleum & products 1 Manufactured Goods Non-ferrous metals Iron & steel Metal manufactures Non-metal mineral manufactures Textile manufactures Paper manufactures Rubber manufactures nes (continued on next page) Source : International Enterprise Singapore Note : Prior to 2003.6 36.138.0 1.3 861.2 171.8 1.526.1 1.793.0 183.8 14.485.8 2.856.

3 1.233.361.328.902.4 2.767.9 3.335.514.4 95.0 67.8 20.355.5 3.4 2.5 25.7 15.936.0 1.342. 2 Includes pagers.3 78.7 4.327.979.873.162.4 225.7 2.649.4 7.911.306.148.7 4.698. radio remote controls.940.990.894. television cameras.5 16.9 1.2 21.323.8 14.5 100. and parts for these products.912.052.056.307.1 3.176. radar and navigational equipment.536.978.0 88.805.2 4.515.9 797.873.596.0 Non-electronics Electrical circuit apparatus 8.835.298.1 88.271.5 3. earphones.082.2 8.077.1 4.9 1. 2010 13.8 71.4 22. headphones.9 3.756.7 15.101.432.0 12.3 608.505.378.184.7 21.886.9 Machinery & Equipment Electronics Integrated circuits Parts of personal computers Disk drives Telecommunications equipment 3 Consumer electronics Personal computers Electrical machinery nes Miscellaneous Manufactures Scientific instruments Photographic apparatus Clothing Miscellaneous manufactured articles nes Miscellaneous 2 Source : International Enterprise Singapore Note: Prior to 2003.2 2.6 1.7 Parts of integrated circuits 4.583.282.730.4 2.796.2 2.147.173.0 1.2 1.219. microphones. satellite discs and parts for these products.450.714.3 3.614.1 95.371.8 7.154.2 4.6 2.9 4.566.880.985.081.3 24.108. 3 Includes television receivers.1 1.225.506.3 13.4 6.6 1.496.792.7 3.732.9 10.2 24.7 4.739. loudspeakers.7 3.8 15.686. video and sound recorders.1 2.4 63.9 DOMESTIC EXPORTS BY COMMODITY SECTION (continued) Million Dollars Commodity Section 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 76.097.657.601.6 1.456.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.0 9.6 13.4 2.5 725.7 15.407.575.8 4.5 4. data are based on SITC Rev 4.9 5.616.002.2 15.196.190.739.1 2.5 2.522.253.447.881.8 13.711.1 15.363.6 2.5 2.1 16.017.0 2. still image video cameras and other video camera recorders.3 1.8 1.2 Diodes and transistors 1.181. From January 2007 onwards.6 1.902.7 2.5 2.880.7 8.792.6 389.1 6.883.506.9 385.910.191.8 2.315.975.0 1.636.1 4.2 865.139.558.9 9.858.6 7. cellular/hand phones.0 4.5 11.036.374.881.298. Data prior to 2007 are based on Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) Rev 3.582.1 2.533.9 14.6 1. data exclude trade with Indonesia.381.5 797.1 1.359.178.0 5.3 2. radio broadcast receivers.264.116.5 3.0 72. video cameras and recorders.5 1.547.6 19.719.8 75.918. .999. TV cameras.1 2.6 75.9 51.970.475.4 9.3 5.0 13.3 19.9 17.1 9.877.9 1.5 1.1 14.7 25.793.5 334.7 21.517.8 1.1 314.7 7.774.2 4.

4 1.925.4 1.298.311.5 4.3 376.8 1.144.746.6 3.5 158.4 11.7 335.1 294.570.3 203.265.6 1.9 390.1 334.5 235.6 285. Data prior to 2007 are based on Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) Rev 3.1 1.9 3.8 571.9 401.7 303.023.3 2.115.3 4.579.9 863. From January 2007 onwards.900.1 719.6 946.764.392.7 9.2 601.637.1 2.4 191.1 9.3 4.337.065.135.923.3 405.0 Manufactured Goods Non-ferrous metals Iron & steel Metal manufactures Non-metal mineral manufactures Textile manufactures Paper manufactures Rubber manufactures nes 5.9 1.3 406.1 65.241.677.421.1 644.122.783.995.661.069.8 10.114.9 743.0 2.5 8.084.444.3 4.6 2.685.9 10.5 1.7 1.8 118.105.270.7 229.8 4.418.3 Chemicals & Chemical Products Organic chemicals Plastics in primary forms Medicinal products Perfume.5 379.174.5 1.971.1 1.743.5 1.983.8 25.311.8 402.449.3 498.3 525.835.112.568.9 382.1 821.213.179.948.3 192.2 131.6 357.577.9 244.1 628.145.8 16.798.2 514.6 977.9 2.0 Food Coffee etc & spices Fish & fish preparations Vegetables & fruits 1.0 289.147.6 507.2 1.964.5 2.6 11.0 67.4 14.4 1.3 126.8 348.4 2.9 900.579.7 142.057.526.3 1.9 580.993.750.7 2.4 25.1 2.6 2.5 770.9 9. .4 3.0 933.4 1.8 25.7 1.8 40.3 12.8 994.392.6 322.6 867.9 324.4 1.9 401.7 155.3 2.741.0 657.8 2.6 16.054.0 Crude Materials Metallic ores & scrap Crude rubber (incl synthetic) Crude fertilizers & minerals Crude materials nes 1.3 204.611.3 1.753.5 263.1 165.2 274.1 19.2 2.1 1.1 37. toilet preparations 4.445.321.5 2.6 452.3 322. data are based on SITC Rev 4.2 2.5 509.5 188.181.9 415.5 2.1 346.812.749.7 2.6 175.8 135.084.976.3 1.1 977.933.891.7 2.577.776.3 1.495.9 1.951.483.3 114.604.2 215.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.0 661.5 167.4 1.7 1.5 3.2 191.10 RE-EXPORTS BY COMMODITY SECTION Million Dollars Commodity Section 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 77.4 215.4 10. 1 Includes oil bunkers.081.7 Animal & Vegetable Oils Vegetable oils unprocessed Other animal / vegetable oils 136.320.0 10.8 107.4 4.6 317.109.1 1.280.438.452.7 14.5 1.8 1.347.4 Total Mineral Fuels Petroleum & products 1 (continued on next page) Source : International Enterprise Singapore Note : Prior to 2003.5 16.2 142.6 450.268.6 406.952.1 1.7 1.5 1.748.986.5 1.060.749. 2010 13.5 697.4 1.2 1.815.0 19.9 60.5 1.013.7 99.3 853.6 1.5 3.8 1.024.724.024.1 1.5 273.281.064.5 28.2 1.4 463.163.9 1.4 1.7 916.1 55.489.8 48.1 20.4 791.2 2.404.393.1 19.3 826.6 1.2 688.7 2.8 99.969.0 203.886.5 392.1 245.1 1.5 398.1 386.739.414.616.012. data exclude trade with Indonesia.6 Beverages & Tobacco Beverages Tobacco & manufactures 1.1 1.2 131.2 425.0 9.5 297.3 336.155.2 430.944.7 5.1 75.656.8 297.1 285.4 162.8 1.1 704.4 1.

2 1.7 3.882.1 Consumer electronics 3 Personal computers Parts of integrated circuits 5.410.785.007.9 Electrical machinery nes 1. 2010 13.310.9 1.8 1.286. television cameras.4 2.3 3.138.0 37.8 3.9 59. From January 2007 onwards.620.7 3.124. earphones.434. data exclude trade with Indonesia.532.022.4 10.3 2.657.1 127.5 3.729.6 2.0 3.9 6.380.766.962.840.7 1.278. cellular/hand phones.573.4 5.6 2.315.135.7 2.6 7.358.2 3.891.2 1. headphones.0 42.229.6 14.137.077.159.3 3.4 46.5 7.8 2.299.419.1 4.673.737.7 1.345.4 6.2 9.3 6.775.0 2.420.665.321.032.2 13.7 88.0 5.8 4.7 36.5 3. and parts for these products.9 13.4 Non-electronics Electrical circuit apparatus 13.947.429. Data prior to 2007 are based on Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) Rev 3.905.0 3.500.0 2.577.7 53.7 3.129.385.6 153.257.935.844.2 5.037.0 91.902.762.309. microphones.182.412.083.2 9.7 1.445.1 Parts of personal computers 3.372.1 7.9 3.6 152.9 2.2 114. 3 Includes television receivers.680.438.511.3 114.638.260.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.041.944. data are based on SITC Rev 4.500.449.4 9.9 2.869.7 3.488.2 2.988.356.433.457.8 12.242. 2 Includes pagers.6 3.992.9 14. radar and navigational equipment.668.9 2.021.099.8 10.296.6 2.172.9 12.347.0 11.0 3.3 754.347.851.525.9 149.3 39. radio broadcast receivers.052.5 6.514.293.7 13.9 2.977.200.3 115.8 2.1 6.0 2.001.10 RE-EXPORTS BY COMMODITY SECTION (continued) Million Dollars Commodity Section 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 52.0 26.0 Telecommunications equipment Miscellaneous Manufactures Scientific instruments Photographic apparatus Clothing Miscellaneous manufactured articles nes Miscellaneous Source : International Enterprise Singapore Note: Prior to 2003.851.7 5.918.1 12.0 15.470.6 3.3 410.0 1.7 3. radio remote controls.271.610.334.8 6.7 10.298.0 129.565.581. .3 1.260. TV cameras.154.0 2.1 1. still image video cameras and other video camera recorders.3 2.901.035.366.3 4.8 Machinery & Equipment Electronics Integrated circuits 2 1.9 8. video and sound recorders.290.322.072.269. satellite discs and parts for these products. loudspeakers.8 6.837.2 3.1 34.661.982.309.221.9 1.0 1.8 2.587.265.429.1 1.415.6 64.1 30.3 2.712.6 12.477.7 4.2 1.411.576.8 Diodes and transistors 3.9 3.3 1.0 2.6 6.8 1.2 1.947.405.0 3.6 3.9 3.017. video cameras and recorders.090.475.4 2.3 Disk drives 3.425.6 111.118.6 98.749.487.2 54.444.905.7 62.

TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS .

Following the corporatisation of Changi Airport on 1 July 2009. The data are given in terms of number and gross tonnage. airmail and aircraft traffic passing through Changi Airport and Seletar Aerodrome. All vehicles to be kept or used in Singapore must be registered with the Land Transport Authority of Singapore. collector roads and local roads.433 in 2009.2-km NSEWL and the 33-km CCL serve Singapore’s major high density travel corridors. The NEL has an average daily ridership of 325. SBS Transit started operating the North-East Line (NEL) in June 2003. regulates and promotes the development of air transport and aerospace industries. arterial roads.14 TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS Vessels Entered and Cleared Vehicles Registered Data on the movement of vessels are compiled from declarations submitted to the Port Master by all merchant ships entering or leaving Singapore waters. Road Casualties Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) SMRT Corporation Ltd (SMRT) is Singapore’s multi-modal transport service provider offering integrated island-wide transport services on its extensive network of trains. the operations of Changi Airport. airfreight. Civil Air Traffic The Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore (CAAS) provides air traffic services. The volume of cargo handled refers to those handled by vessels of all tonnages at the port of Singapore. are managed by Changi Airport Group Pte Ltd (CAG). The 93. buses and taxis and supported by retail amenities located within its stations. airfreight. Sea Cargo Handled Data on road casualties are compiled from police records of fatal and injury traffic accidents occurring on Singapore roads. fully-automated underground heavy rail system that has set new engineering and technological benchmarks in mass transit systems. parcel mail and aircraft movements are compiled by CAAS from the data collected by CAG. Statistics on passenger. NEL is a highly-advanced. It will be expanded further when eleven more CCL stations are opened in 2010 and another twelve in 2011. The data include transhipment cargo but exclude ship's stores and mineral oil supplied as bunker fuel to vessels. NEL is 20-kilometres long and comprises 16 stations running from Punggol to HarbourFront. including the collection of data on passengers. The network welcomes more than one and a half million passengers daily. Roads Data on public roads refer to the length of roads in kilometres and are classified into expressways. SMRT operates Singapore’s first mass rapid transit system comprising 53 stations along the North South and East West Lines (NSEWL) and the new Circle Line (CCL) which commenced revenue operations at 5 stations on 28 May 2009. .

917 168.575 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.951 Total Container Throughput ('000 TEUs) 15.387 Singapore Ship Registry (End of Period) Number '000 GT 3.132 110.221 131.336 14.990 128.364 15.930 115.792 27.996 120.950 45.265 161.234 12.438 8.553 137.793 3.721 14.711 3.352 110.746 10.480 18.748 3.276 12.113 14.575 14.665 17.314.567 25.116 11.616 314.300 280.621.843 43.185 18.963 3.991 472.219 32.109 27.042.080 8.603 3.695 9.791 128.882 152.415 336.748 15.151.991 92.393 167.268 262.103 1.640 17.394 115.936 36.356 1.329 23. 2010 14.103 107.784.801 12.678 16.379 31.809 12.425 178.479 28.349 191.459.702 3.447 130.496 102.553 39.690 1.632 Source : Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore Notes : GT refers to Gross Tonnes TEU refers to Twenty-Foot Equivalent Unit 14.536 423.886 11.582 1.2 CIVIL AIRCRAFT ARRIVALS/DEPARTURES.185 1.063 1.092 107.891 23.360 23.922 1.669 Total Cargo ('000 tonnes) General Bulk 325.213 1.592 12.935 29.945 21.1 SEA CARGO AND SHIPPING STATISTICS 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Vessel Arrivals Number Shipping Tonnage ('000 GT) 141.115 Parcel Mail (Tonnes) In-coming Out-going 10.111 483.699 515.867 Bunker Sales ('000 tonnes) 18.026 18.318 1.192 24. Data prior to 1 July 2009 are collected by the Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore.184 120.437 92.523 877.918 25.902 188.970 82.504 281.695 1.065 130.418 240.176 Passengers ('000) Arriving Departing In Transit 12.945 Source : Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore Changi Airport Group Pte Ltd Note : Refers to Changi Airport only.568 1. PASSENGERS AND PARCEL MAIL 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Aircraft (No) Arrivals Departures 82.270 1.407 18.249 34.127 133.546 34.035 102.710 16. .349 393.003 448.921 11.

036 48.698 25.175 24.692 41.211 41.582 892.986 4.975 55.772 13.326 193.245 11.772 24.648 60.667 4.327 22.901 47.037 27.325 87.535 17.677 52.071 19.724 20.446 71.483 83.376 138.013 34.203 63.359 3.876 963.542 151.235 66.844 58.112 North East Asia China Hong Kong Japan Korea.110 77.141 952.786 40.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.508 83.822 25.222 140.604 56.851 17. Republic of Taiwan 255.881 Oceania Australia New Zealand Europe France Germany Netherlands Scandinavia Switzerland United Kingdom North America United States Other Regions Source : Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore Changi Airport Group Pte Ltd Note : Refers to Changi Airport only.227 61.523 23.039 18.763 4.580 108.101 92.653 8.672 75.097 56. 2010 14.486 18.593 51.185 89.865 20.184 109.833 48.006 69.776 14.117 32.077 46.699 377.705 83.270 17.824 59.114 43.114 18.926 97.989 28.504 148.873 951.039 49.077 18.995 56.511 102.437 40.167 19.3 AIR CARGO DISCHARGED BY REGION/COUNTRY OF ORIGIN Tonnes Region/Country 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total 756.734 35.711 3.390 11.265 80.501 20.771 870.213 96.506 18.066 12.272 32.870 19.019 17.346 69.392 6.246 40.464 13.778 84.573 95.515 68.566 17.727 18.310 14.071 35.621 62.678 45.805 77.331 55.896 421.289 13.618 32.346 12.200 82.762 20.006 32. Data prior to 1 July 2009 are collected by the Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore.667 99.679 419.268 109.863 23.580 94.447 33.894 15.970 West Asia 9.380 8.522 84.683 91.220 6.054 42.133 31.680 28.450 28.893 11.198 91.992 40.513 79.305 142.990 16.131 28.182 374.323 85.057 14.339 34.315 409.925 89.022 23.614 3.899 74.438 18.407 6.760 32.671 South East Asia Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Thailand 184.179 132.260 54.922 190.666 65.367 12.613 143.258 19.903 26.323 33.178 12.882 8.355 7.282 18.505 3.237 45.463 176.614 25.943 60.563 40.424 8.253 9.502 10.420 12.085 61.762 57.939 846.188 73. Data exclude passenger baggage.074 36.929 3. diplomatic cargo and aircraft stores.467 56.272 358.927 59.011 78.247 124.126 197.054 79. .835 43.565 32.385 53.156 17.777 12.153 South Asia India 42.384 43.460 90.890 189.433 47.983 84.392 61.750 17.

918 50.507 941.915 28.482 201.202 36.612 57.897 37.683 11.523 38.147 13.986 35.804 61.828 81.866 185.786 31.473 38.660 5.815 41.479 13.638 289.802 52.743 12.079 130.821 290.045 144.093 44.4 AIR CARGO LOADED BY REGION/COUNTRY OF DESTINATION Tonnes Region/Country 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total 743.954 79.366 44.151 55.389 80.762 171.896 905.948 56.452 11.622 904.978 11.641 102.785 31.079 7.686 5.405 32.149 22.572 30.129 73.974 36.065 37.235 131.351 9.088 11.180 78.859 209. Republic of Taiwan 279.969 42.040 13.245 198.708 43.417 69.246 91.661 31.647 56.194 95.398 55.377 54.425 70.074 25.705 13.310 30.641 44.699 61.516 31.892 272. Data exclude passenger baggage.546 90.671 30. .500 67.802 11.322 64.717 21.085 14.229 49.373 54.432 79.103 293.242 10.410 11.655 23.002 787.208 68.356 37.222 41.317 60.057 76.386 99.654 166.437 29.731 60.355 South Asia India 42.202 53.181 West Asia 20.384 47.517 41.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.648 6.580 958.660 27.213 43.535 101. Data prior to 1 July 2009 are collected by the Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore.204 13.025 79. 2010 14.769 57.959 North East Asia China Hong Kong Japan Korea.913 32.501 52.525 31.483 85.299 25.500 254.619 48.713 94.400 30.141 6. diplomatic cargo and aircraft stores.913 160.081 94.328 25.648 9.189 37.074 13.041 201.776 12.385 42.020 37.493 80.697 68.518 59.388 4.290 94.414 158.239 36.333 32.255 60.322 72.631 87.000 8.523 59.550 29.687 67.241 35.943 44.760 13.695 44.084 65.906 6.276 48.619 23.974 235.452 47.413 67.136 80.971 44.388 32.455 65.120 South East Asia Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Thailand 132.665 7.550 12.190 29.608 8.734 27.284 71.699 38.811 11.982 56.949 5.167 21.575 65.341 930.644 24.036 36.355 28.518 56.378 87.768 63.803 Oceania Australia New Zealand 69.776 56.846 28.619 20.141 9.275 25.373 80.167 Europe France Germany Netherlands Scandinavia Switzerland United Kingdom North America United States Other Regions Source : Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore Changi Airport Group Pte Ltd Note : Refers to Changi Airport only.137 19.869 59.854 77.344 81.370 28.249 56.731 26.289 58.934 5.835 150.

5 AIR PASSENGER ARRIVALS BY REGION/COUNTRY OF EMBARKATION Thousand Region/Country 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 12.732 93 1.792 103 2.998 233 366 196 39 163 738 1.456 106 2.853 228 357 180 35 127 688 North America United States 282 260 372 348 389 364 408 383 403 378 342 321 258 253 Other Regions 148 129 132 143 165 164 142 Total Source : Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore Changi Airport Group Pte Ltd Note : Refers to Changi Airport only.529 618 North East Asia China Hong Kong Japan Korea.951 408 6.703 202 366 170 68 98 664 1.185 18.930 269 2.347 743 1.116 874 421 439 4.332 1.520 98 1.781 1.667 195 350 133 64 107 679 1.211 402 1.561 1.141 1.628 1.269 208 1.907 120 1.969 232 Europe France Germany Netherlands Scandinavia Switzerland United Kingdom 1. .920 806 1.069 1.895 511 6. diplomatic cargo and aircraft stores.232 94 1.595 1.096 914 864 337 320 3.160 866 1.008 246 419 3.545 347 1.670 1.094 843 375 390 4.647 294 2.792 340 6.727 263 5.191 483 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore. Data prior to 1 July 2009 are collected by the Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore.695 1.240 1.316 154 5.212 590 1.188 1. Data exclude passenger baggage.022 265 2.788 200 348 189 42 105 692 1.214 1.744 311 2.430 1.489 1.445 1.585 1.026 South East Asia Brunei Darussalam Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Thailand Vietnam 4.989 481 826 1.336 15.235 663 1.382 1.825 301 2.364 16.955 1.053 754 1.156 786 324 364 South Asia India 851 546 1.683 610 7. Republic of Taiwan 2.046 1.276 14.781 213 360 181 57 110 694 1.346 1.032 1.213 1.111 West Asia 156 201 213 259 293 340 405 Oceania Australia New Zealand 1.216 1.417 102 1.966 1.640 18.678 17.545 1.188 892 401 421 4.684 1.189 1.180 914 422 450 4.900 1.542 1.454 145 293 121 59 104 578 1.304 2.256 1. 2010 14.509 1.

598 1.544 1.197 147 5. Data exclude passenger baggage.168 461 1.731 293 2.125 92 1.629 205 342 130 68 112 631 1.132 874 421 445 4.365 1.003 1.687 207 353 172 69 108 642 1.836 415 6.385 106 2.209 561 1.195 924 425 446 4.063 South East Asia Brunei Darussalam Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Thailand Vietnam 4.061 1.573 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.956 1.451 352 1.009 267 2.164 1.436 1.262 1.342 220 2.978 1.135 806 330 362 South Asia India 827 524 1.582 18.179 899 406 417 4.870 229 365 188 37 127 681 North America United States 332 306 376 352 402 373 404 377 407 380 348 324 249 242 Other Regions 149 135 142 142 164 168 150 Total Source : Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore Changi Airport Group Pte Ltd Note : Refers to Changi Airport only.293 2.982 228 361 204 39 157 721 1.024 720 1.662 103 2.075 948 861 342 320 3.755 1.595 613 7.557 1.934 778 1.249 2.781 198 343 199 43 108 669 1.233 1.511 1.137 269 2.020 252 433 3.218 1.839 1.649 92 1.645 1. Republic of Taiwan 3.942 304 2.133 West Asia 151 196 221 273 300 344 398 Oceania Australia New Zealand 1.378 1.554 1.690 17.489 618 North East Asia China Hong Kong Japan Korea.706 344 6.314 96 1.356 16.353 1. Data prior to 1 July 2009 are collected by the Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore.106 836 374 401 4. diplomatic cargo and aircraft stores.011 226 Europe France Germany Netherlands Scandinavia Switzerland United Kingdom 1.039 1.103 18.413 95 1.766 215 348 188 57 115 671 1.249 622 1.676 1. .235 1.786 514 6.462 150 298 127 70 108 549 1.716 116 1.213 14.531 1.124 826 1.6 AIR PASSENGER DEPARTURES BY REGION/COUNTRY OF DISEMBARKATION Thousand Region/Country 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 12.470 1.270 15.153 1. 2010 14.824 315 2.670 1.162 390 1.003 443 845 1.370 696 1.616 268 5.205 1.423 2.

015 432.036 2.215 Goods & Other Vehicles 139.702 Buses 11.8 MOTOR VEHICLE POPULATION BY TYPE OF VEHICLE (End of Period) Number 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 688.494 14.434 142. 2010 14.334 24.262 3.530 15.407 22.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.736 144.756 9. .446 24.7 PUBLIC ROADS (End of Period) Kilometres 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 3.336 894.811 727.763 Taxis 18.300 24.043 2.234 3.066 3.120 14.455 7.033 2.173 13.987 540.391 12.455 566.356 Expressways 150 150 150 150 153 161 161 Arterial Roads 569 579 594 604 613 621 627 Collector Roads 358 426 454 468 489 500 521 1.235 11.029 20.346 137.608 7.054 12.473 137.297 3.989 2.040 2.046 Paved Roads Local Roads Source : Land Transport Authority 14.120 147.023 Motorcycles & Scooters 134.827 13.316 139.383 23.207 Total Cars 1 Rental Cars Source : Land Transport Authority 1 Includes private and company cars.395 754.340 146.325 3.042 2.089 158.024 412.518 378.482 505.992 799.827 465.979 156.188 3.098 144.466 150.373 851.327 16.112 7.682 925.029 139.

131 634 746 3.685 550.606 81.815 11.650 1.442 68.514 7.822 811 4.240 63.570 27.below 6 7 8 9 10 31.056 106.002 17.398 4.139 9.844 28.474 27.257 65.471 102.308 514.165 12.001 to 1.395 14.284 4.945 106.367 325.941 417.836 2.174 12.440 116. 14.250 15.771 13.655 5.213 2.072 594 498 1.below 4 .165 96.518 78.538 10.988 1.031 38.308 514.288 23.520 60.644 8.981 8.202 80.471 502 1.316 6.below 6 .000 cc & below 48.below 2 .below 9 .113 604 649 20.976 1.below 11 11 .570 7.311 6.754 46.075 93.307 2.574 10 .below 3 .310 Total Source : Land Transport Authority Notes : Data refer to private cars.223 22.455 576.103 438.976 9.332 74.544 7.097 60.552 14. .9 CAR POPULATION BY CC RATING (End of Period) Number CC Rating 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 382.274 243.355 505 586 488 1.125 146.777 7.644 2.396 116.373 277.465 1.730 138. They do not include taxis and tax exempted cars.043 93. company cars and rental cars only.914 13.131 44.979 13.678 10.601 to 2.374 27.685 550.418 1.562 6.496 34.600 cc 220.122 6.777 105.941 417.201 114.883 24.923 Source : Land Transport Authority Notes : Data refer to private cars.936 5.656 108.103 438.below 12 12 .289 56.415 83.below 14 14 .796 26.490 4.194 472.511 5.502 116.822 11. 2010 14.024 2.663 258.653 2.970 4.522 297.000 cc 81.below 8 .below 2 3 4 5 38.617 10.456 1. company cars and rental cars only.638 2.164 60.765 644 787 4.569 31.849 8.668 2.069 96. They do not include taxis and tax exempted cars.927 106.124 26.741 109.823 3.096 577 17.610 5 .371 58.206 125.001 cc & above 6.below 13 13 .394 312.001 to 3.774 3.967 16.660 52.109 7.125 621 698 3.431 11.988 28.194 472.376 42.860 109.455 576.below 7 .462 2.333 99.038 15.464 96.below 15 15 & above 8.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.281 116.474 1.136 96.670 81.284 3.988 Below 1 1 .10 AGE DISTRIBUTION OF CARS (End of Period) Number Age (Years) Total 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 382.003 12.607 3.000 cc 26.

297 4.052 14. .995 14.885 11.526 102 4.024 6.562 12 2. 2010 14.373 14.599 95 4.211 23 1.306 21 2.178 732 1.114 45 1.770 18 2.542 13.226 4.200 474 338 Source : Traffic Police Department Note : Data refer to vehicles involved in fatal and injury accidents.943 102 5.706 214 10.533 5.146 514 228 612 4.352 221 10.382 95 4. 1 Covers lorries.862 6.893 345 3.026 6 1.050 470 220 551 5. Trishaw Riders & Passengers Killed Injured 19 330 17 379 18 358 14 493 22 519 22 585 17 572 Motor Cyclists & Pillion Riders Killed Injured 85 4.055 Total Casualties 1 Killed Injured Bus/Goods Vehicle/Van Killed Injured Source : Traffic Police Department 1 Includes other categories of road users not shown in table.358 108 5.11 ROAD CASUALTIES Number 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 198 8.954 6.158 16 1.638 621 1.320 23 2.548 11.721 607 889 393 314 520 4.760 183 10.943 598 1.439 173 8.12 VEHICLES INVOLVED IN ROAD ACCIDENTS BY TYPE OF VEHICLE Number Total Pedal Cycles Motor Cycles & Scooters Motor Cars & Station Wagons Light Goods Vehicles Heavy Goods Vehicles1 Buses Others 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 11.128 10 771 9 755 13 917 11 1.014 431 189 392 4.976 4.036 62 1.748 Pedestrians Killed Injured 56 852 46 824 41 662 42 924 58 1.933 193 8.287 542 323 591 4.535 742 1.905 686 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.068 Pedal Cyclists.218 92 5.109 448 79 413 4. 14.263 Motor Vehicle Drivers & Passengers Cars & Station Wagons Killed Injured 30 2.760 668 1.796 8 1. tippers/trucks and trailers only.650 8 1.224 190 9.

500 120.404.622.100 78.500 126.400 95.900 94.214 15.300 101.100 119.200 111.421 16.500 99.799.800 94.500 128.276 14.000 1.600 103.300 1.200 87.187 554.000 115.000 81.500 105.100 96.000 90.400 58.000 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.100 75.900 68.000 1. 2010 14.318 466.600 97.000 87. .700 133.400 113.902 14.700 75.994 15.200 na na na na na na na na na 83.13 MASS RAPID TRANSIT OPERATION AND RIDERSHIP Total Train Km Operated ('000) Total Number of Passengers ('000) Average Number of Weekday Passengers (No) 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 12.000 101.900 68. data include the new Circle Line.807 619.100 103.700 103.800 92.400 93.000 1.000 83.743 1.800 89.548 18.318 643.028.500 106.498.100 Average Weekday Traffic of Selected Stations (No) Ang Mo Kio City Hall Station Orchard Station Raffles Place Station Tanjong Pagar Dhoby Ghaut HarbourFront Outram Park Source : SMRT Trains Ltd SBS Transit Ltd Note : With effect from 2009.605 482.343.300 67.500 76.300 69.258 511.900 105.100 39.600 130.400 72.300 126.000 101.000 105.000 1.879.900 117.025 361.

Data breakdown for prepaid and postpaid 3G subscriptions are available with effect from December 2009. data exclude calls to Malaysia. data include contributions from Internet Access Service Providers (IASPs).859 1.701 2.087 772 1. With effect from January 2005.911 1.960 1.872 1.154 1. 6 Prior to 2001.778 5.902 16.303 8.619 6. With effect from April 2008.457 10.861 4.848 1.088 759 1.628 1.340 6.614 1.263 1.851 1.989 Pre-paid na na na na na na 171 583 1.956 8. cable modems. 2 Prior to November 2007. 4 Breakdown of residential and corporate broadband subscribers are not available prior to 2002. With effect from July 2004.057 104 80 na 506 630 758 956 1.862 1.896 Residential Corporate 1.474 3.128 768 Mobile Phone 2G 1.929 Subscribers 1 ('000) Fixed Line 1.863 1. data include all Service-Based Operators (SBO).857 Post-paid Pre-paid na na 2.655 na 42 54 60 77 108 150 na 3.565 1. 3 With effect from 2001.138 3G Dial-up Internet 3 4 Broadband Residential Corporate 5 Total SMS Messages (million) International Telephone Call Minutes 6 (million) Source : Singapore Post Infocomm Development Authority of Singapore 1 Figures refer to end of period.497 23. With effect from 2001.100 763 1.287 859 4. data cover post-paid subscriptions.612 1.517 1. .471 3.483 11. data include pre-paid and post-paid 3G subscriptions.522 1. Includes both sent and received SMS messages. With effect from July 2004.711 1.160 Post-paid na na na na na na 2.851 1.14 POSTAL ARTICLES HANDLED AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS 1999 Postal Articles Handled (million) 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 1. 2010 14.714 1.074 6.487 1. following the cessation of free dial-up Internet access offered by service providers by 31 March 2008. data include traffic contributed by new service providers such as International Simple Resale (ISR) operators.257 4. With effect from November 2007.794 1.638 5.318 2.805 na 464 576 697 879 1. 5 Year 2004 data cover July to December 2004.131 4. data cover paid Internet access subscriptions only.600 792 3. data include 2G and 3G phones.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.096 776 1.241 2 na na 175 884 1.247 2.648 10.618 1.075 456 3.092 759 1. the total number of broadband subscriptions includes xDSL. leased line internet and other broadband internet access methods.117 733 1.

TOURISM .

foreign air/sea crew and foreign students. . Definitions Length of Stay : Refers to the actual length of stay in Singapore. As some visitors did not depart within the calendar year. published by the Singapore Tourism Board (STB). The date of arrival as indicated in the disembarkation/embarkation card is matched against the date of departure to compute the actual length of stay. Monthly and annual summaries of characteristics of visitor arrivals from major markets are available in the “Tourism Focus” and the “Singapore Annual Report on Tourism Statistics” respectively. In computing the average length of stay. Tourism Receipts: Consist mainly of Total Expenditure of Visitors (TEV) and expenditure from transit passengers. excluding rooms closed for renovations and staff use as declared in the statutory forms on a daily basis. the number of visitor departures would be less than total visitor arrivals during the year.15 TOURISM Visitor Arrivals Data on visitor arrivals are compiled from Disembarkation/Embarkation Forms (IMM 23A) completed by all visitors arriving in Singapore at the points of entry. Average Per Capita Expenditure of Visitor: Obtained by dividing total expenditure of visitors (TEV) by the number of visitors. Standard Average Occupancy Rate: Obtained by dividing gross lettings (room nights) by available room-nights. Visitor Expenditure Data are collected from the STB’s Survey of Overseas Visitors to Singapore. Available room-nights refer to room-nights available for occupancy. where face-to-face interviews with visitors leaving Singapore by air are conducted throughout the year. This is to ensure that the overall average length of stay is not affected by long-staying visitors. Gross lettings refer to both paid and complimentary lettings. visitors staying beyond 60 days were treated as having stayed 60 days for comparability amongst the ASEAN countries.

5 830.9 10.0 22.3 43.0 156.7 682.0 272.2 598.6 79.110.958.4 509.4 84. Indonesia.3 10. Turkmenistan.8 469.0 82.6 27.4 80.8 492.3 16.5 9. the term excludes Singapore.4 3.1 3.4 208. Kazakhstan. Republic of Pakistan Saudi Arabia Sri Lanka Taiwan United Arab Emirates 4.9 100.2 161.9 87.5 1.2 3.8 583.4 399.0 73.4 588.682.6 86. 1 ASEAN comprises Brunei Darussalam.9 142.234.3 571.8 936.7 1.3 93. Thailand and Vietnam.114.1 857.2 182.328.7 ASEAN 1 China Hong Kong India Japan Korea.1 79.210.7 19.3 46.5 119.1 7.8 64. Azerbaijan. Singapore.0 23.477.5 Europe Austria Belgium & Luxembourg France Germany Greece Italy Netherlands 1.7 594. Russian Federation.2 74.4 561.7 183. Georgia.577.4 725.6 90.2 1.724.265.3 99.9 7.7 957.3 7.0 396. Norway and Sweden.2 55.0 288.1 86.5 20.7 20.4 1.2 73. Belarus.2 6.684.8 63.2 6. Ukraine and Uzbekistan.2 109.4 372.2 291.307.4 47.1 16. 3 CIS denotes The Commonwealth of Independent States comprising Armenia.7 242.8 98.085.9 13.8 175.8 936.1 778.2 6.2 1.1 470.7 444. However.0 68.2 36.3 9.4 Oceania Australia New Zealand 564.070.8 97.2 41. when used in this statistical table.3 2.0 96.7 313.8 Others Africa 102.341.5 73. Laos.1 68.2 86.7 294.8 9.4 Total Americas Canada United States Asia Scandinavia 2 Switzerland United Kingdom CIS 3 & Eastern Europe Source : Singapore Tourism Board Note : Data for visitor arrivals are compiled from Disembarkation/Embarkation Forms (IMM 23A) completed by all visitors arriving in Singapore at the points of entry.943.5 21.6 408.2 8.571.1 10.1 898.7 68.5 34.4 25.1 495.6 21.9 488. Myanmar.8 70.1 15.9 594.4 1.1 60.6 120.6 76.079.322.4 454.7 3.2 271.3 22.1 752. Kyrgyzstan.0 10.3 72.5 620.0 74.0 90.2 3.5 351.7 97.6 467.6 8.4 860.221.9 260.0 213.4 47.7 61.7 20.8 83.2 88.9 333.8 13.0 423.7 1.1 7.8 76.5 658.4 35.1 467.3 58.2 175.0 10.8 110.9 28.1 68.9 880.2 119.0 43.284.3 64.2 1.4 17.3 73.9 154.5 42.050.1 VISITOR ARRIVALS BY REGION/COUNTRY OF RESIDENCE Thousand Region/Country 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 6.5 466.3 219.0 768. Republic of Moldova.2 457.5 824.0 7.7 70.7 9.507.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.0 302.6 98. 2 Scandinavia comprises Denmark.1 9.9 80. Cambodia.6 30.9 114.5 464.4 3.3 23. Tajikistan.1 90.1 38.7 51.4 691.2 110.6 490.3 164.9 371.4 14.6 16.7 70.3 92.125.5 364.0 370.1 77.037.1 16.9 51.4 119.5 10.894.078.0 9.1 111.1 317.6 76.0 15.7 66.0 833.1 90.0 167.8 524.6 88.3 44.751.5 422. 2010 15.8 401.1 14.8 361.1 748.116.797.4 18.8 49. 2009 . Philippines.5 116.0 16.7 278.8 84.9 505.5 76.7 471.4 11.4 1. Excludes arrivals of Malaysians by land. Malaysia.9 10.

7 2.19 222.081.5 4.44 1.8 26.8 45 .167.0 10.374.6 65 & Over 384.2 VISITOR ARRIVALS BY (a) SEX AND (b) AGE GROUP Thousand 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 6.3 283.6 8.9 362.273.0 767.2 8.5 623.116.684.751.2 609.1 759.8 Total 1 2009 Sex Age Group (Years) Source : Singapore Tourism Board Note : Data for visitor arrivals are compiled from Disembarkation/Embarkation Forms (IMM 23A) completed by all visitors arriving in Singapore at the points of entry. 2010 15.6 24.1 694.7 Not Stated 31.009.9 630.8 611.965.770.7 5.6 4.64 738.0 2.2 719.4 619.7 4.1 9.7 Males 4.4 2.4 254.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.8 427.3 2.349.6 20.7 Under 15 504.5 4.256.7 1.251.8 5.3 1.727.186.2 579.278.533. Excludes arrivals of Malaysians by land.1 2.4 2.9 5.0 9.7 15 .0 1.4 1.846.352.377.717.810.3 5.182.1 55 .958.215.3 22.675.207.208.34 1.811.5 10.614.2 1.3 39.4 3.8 4.553.6 25 .0 2.7 1.1 Females 2.9 1.4 913.000.0 541.3 2.180.280.2 24.600.0 1.5 361. 1 Includes sex not stated.8 971.328. .9 2.1 1.682.7 677.097.6 35 .0 1.0 4.24 478.5 2.7 738.943.8 20 .1 2.084.6 3.479.284.7 736.3 1.0 718.118.2 331.156.390.7 736.2 316.309.54 1.0 467.

1 2.862.338.9 240.6 297.5 35.239 1.5 48.676.223.7 176.057.2 648.940 804 650 673 728 537 445 405 294 371 2.907.6 1.5 153.9 1.3 VISITOR ARRIVALS BY LENGTH OF STAY Thousand Length of Stay (Days) Total Under 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8-10 11-14 15 .4 915.0 17.118 863 805 735 553 565 530 426 440 2.189.600 1.7 297.6 362.226 1.358 1.675.219 1.0 224.7 213.29 30 .175.6 137.5 9.4 227.2 3. Excludes arrivals of Malaysians by land.1 2.2 1.0 2.3 1.5 362.6 1.1 1.9 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.0 582.9 304.1 243. 2010 15.6 39.6 9.0 Source : Singapore Tourism Board Note : Data for visitor arrivals are compiled from Disembarkation/Embarkation Forms (IMM 23A) completed by all visitors arriving in Singapore at the points of entry.7 171.214.2 1.3 151.121 15.6 1. 15.9 1.346.5 1.8 1.589.5 9.800 10.0 4.4 165.1 190.6 4.9 2.6 104.0 2.8 187.1 35.7 59.1 28.9 499.568.348.6 1.194.4 181.604.1 1.2 2.2 3.6 2.7 1.452 1.052.149 936 731 649 641 626 587 500 2.232.395 14.028.7 174.4 232.793.9 123.59 60 & Over Average Length of Stay (Days) 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 6.5 8.3 3.8 156.9 130.634.3 49.8 1.163.1 9. .4 219.4 3.1 124.286.0 354.4 622.4 635.3 2.8 280.9 142.769.6 243.9 1.4 183.4 TOURISM RECEIPTS BY SELECTED TOURISM GENERATING MARKETS Million Dollars 2004 Tourism Receipts 2005 2006 2007 2008 9.042.871 12.2 255.4 1.2 159.0 234.184.6 279.7 232.8 165.8 180. Refers to visitors who left Singapore during the period specified.083 875 843 763 763 544 522 415 334 420 2.4 3.3 643.6 23.503.5 324.7 236.716.4 344.8 231.225.984.8 405.444.5 8.0 65.168 1.3 172.327.591.023 738 682 630 608 753 553 Tourism Receipts Generating Markets 1 Indonesia China India Australia Japan United Kingdom United States Malaysia Philippines Thailand Source : Singapore Tourism Board 1 Top ten markets based on tourism receipts generated in 2008.165.4 55.7 216.6 1.

543 2.362 6.901 1.739.758 2.165.186 1.000.165 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.368 3.180 5.872.441.315.154 768 830 761 976 430 762 851 889 807 1.141 978 1.234 755 856 923 1. 15.971.476 1.130 6.024.229 4.815 1.372 Tourism Receipts Generating Markets 1 Indonesia China India Australia Japan United Kingdom United States Malaysia Philippines Thailand Source : Singapore Tourism Board 1 Top ten markets based on tourism receipts generated in 2008.973.164.960.403 5.323 615 736 698 855 397 760 778 838 652 1.717.357 6.129 664 1.162 644 1.151.767 Sea 1.542 4.538 1.828.906 5.854.604 4.5 AVERAGE PER CAPITA EXPENDITURE OF VISITOR BY COUNTRY OF RESIDENCE Dollars 2002 Total 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 717 705 754 802 864 949 1.056 800 467 1.999.159.482 646 727 716 875 405 834 815 792 475 1. 2010 15.069 727 747 754 904 443 844 827 868 741 1.595 1.655.533.001 553 788 979 954 838 1.793.957 Total Source : Immigration & Checkpoints Authority .637 2.251 755 807 897 1.048 724 817 750 1.959.927 3.724 Air 2.6 OUTBOUND DEPARTURES OF SINGAPORE RESIDENTS BY MODE OF TRANSPORT Number 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 3.

5 874.2 188.017.0 794. 5 Refers to total room revenue divided by gross lettings.8 85.7 HOTEL STATISTICS Unit 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Tourist Hotels 1 Number (At End Year) 2 Available Room Nights 3 '000 Standard Average Occupancy Rate Standard Average Room Rate 5 Room Revenue Food and Beverage Revenue 6 4 99 93 96 95 92 96 99 10.0 10.7 10.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.2 1.4 201.6 953. 2010 15.2 984.415.7 775.8 $ 120.2 % 74.7 137. 2 Based on monthly hotel returns submitted to STB.7 245.585.7 711.0 1.246. .102.509.717.6 10.4 Source : Singapore Tourism Board (STB) 1 Refers to gazetted hotels.9 $m 923. 4 Refers to gross lettings (room nights) divided by available room-nights.0 121.0 81. 6 Due to a change in the survey form for the collection of Food & Beverage Revenue from hoteliers from July 2007.9 $m 711.8 80. 3 Refers to room-nights available for occupancy.216.0 75.2 1.511.9 1.8 10.0 164.2 1.534.2 87. the Food & Beverage Revenue from July 2007 may not be comparable with the data collected prior to July 2007.857.6 2. Excludes rooms closed for renovations and staff use as declared in the statutory forms.190.7 10.503.6 83.4 10.

FINANCE .

marine and aviation. Definitions Money Supply: Refers to the amount of money in an economy. credit/charge card loans and other personal loans from banks and other financial institutions). shares and securities. The household sector balance sheet shows households’ assets and liabilities at a particular point in time (i. term and annuity plans as well as investment-linked insurance plans. . Since then. motor vehicle loans. The MAS conducts monetary and exchange rate policies appropriate for sustained and non-inflationary economic growth in Singapore. Financial assets include currency and deposits. the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) was established in 1971 to assume the central bank role except for the currency issuing function which remained the responsibility of the Board of Commissioners of Currency Singapore (BCCS). workmen's compensation and public liability. the various monetary functions normally associated with a central bank were performed by several government departments and agencies. Non-financial assets refer mainly to residential property assets categorised into public housing and private housing. finance and insurance are compiled from returns submitted to the MAS. Narrowly defined. It administers the statutes pertaining to money and banking and formulates policies for the development of a sound banking system and an orderly financial market. Household Sector Balance Sheet The Singapore Department of Statistics (DOS) has since 2003. As at 31 December 2009. Asian Dollar Market The Asian Dollar Market was officially established in October 1968 when approval was first given for a bank to operate an Asian Currency Unit (ACU). Household liabilities comprise mortgage loans (from HDB and financial institutions) and personal loans (e. merchant banks have also been allowed to operate ACUs. Central Provident Fund Please see text in Section 4. there was a total of 161 ACUs in operation. compiled the household sector balance sheet from reference year 2000. A broad definition of money supply (M2) comprises money supply (M1) and quasi money. Statistics on banking. endowment. motor. Money supply (M3) consists of M2 and net deposits with non-bank financial institutions.16 FINANCE _______________________________________________________________ Before 1971. To centralise these functions. They may be found in the "Monthly Statistical Bulletin" and annual report published by the MAS.g. money supply (M1) consists of currency in active circulation and demand deposits. Household assets can be classified into financial and non-financial assets.. which are available on the MAS website. It aims to develop Singapore into an international financial centre. the BCCS was merged with the MAS. In October 2002. The general insurance business provides coverage for a wide range of risks such as fire. Insurance business in Singapore comprises life and general insurance. The range of of products offered by life insurers includes traditional whole-of-life. The latter includes fixed.e. life insurance (attributable to households as policyholders) and CPF balances. savings and other deposits with banks as well as negotiable certificates of deposit in Singapore dollar issued by Singapore banks. Insurance The insurance industry is regulated by the MAS under the Insurance Act (Cap 142). as at year-end)..

Main Cards and Supplementary Cards: Refer to both credit and charge cards issued by the card issuing companies. . Euro. The ACU is essentially a separate accounting unit of a financial institution set up for its transactions in the Asian Dollar Market. SDR is determined on the basis of a basket of four currencies: the US dollar. These include the minimum payment not settled by due date as well as the amount that is rolled over after settlement of the minimum sum. Official Foreign Reserves: Refers to the gross official reserves held by the MAS. Total Cards Billings: Refer to total billings of Singapore cardholders excluding interest charges and membership fees. Singapore’s official foreign reserves were valued at book cost. These include gold and foreign exchange. Japanese Yen and Pound Sterling. The SDR serves as the unit of account of the IMF. Special Drawing Rights (SDR): Refers to an international reserve asset created by the IMF and allocated to its members in proportion to their quotas as a supplement to existing reserve assets.16 FINANCE (cont’d) __________________________________________________________________________________ Asian Currency Unit (ACU): Refers to an operational entity of a financial institution which has been granted approval by the MAS to participate in the Asian Dollar Market in Singapore. Prior to May 1999. With effect from May 1999. Rolled Over Balances: Refer to balances that are subject to interest charges because they are not settled within the ‘free credit’ period. This is because the period of when bad debts are written off differs from one card issuer to another. Special Drawing Rights and Singapore’s reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). the book value of foreign reserve assets are translated at market exchange rates prevailing at the end of each reporting month. The valuation of the Bad Debts Written Off: They are included as and when they occur.

0 297.968.109.379.6 15.605.318.9 63.474.977.381.204.6 210.8 306.5 333.318.7 Coins 858.694.526.938.7 65.209.0 56.468.1 75.4 7.284.0 22.472.901.749. and excludes numismatics currency and bullion coins issued by MAS.315.344.1 378.3 6.1 262.1 75.9 14.1 11.411.4 371.112.350.4 107.074.216.0 68.9 225.4 220.162.1 143.472.3 268.9 333.4 56.5 997.085.1 20.828.080.411.3 1.3 409.0 102.584.5 16.7 22.997.9 173.1 1.3 549.8 18.558.7 44.2 141.793.668.3 85. 2010 16.731.3 5.712.2 515.3 9.378.4 212.1 15.2 MONEY SUPPLY (End of Period) Million Dollars 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Currency in Active Circulation Demand Deposits of Private Sector 31.3 46.815.731.1 CURRENCY IN CIRCULATION (End of Period) 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 14.1 277.4 19.144.369.6 93.9 93.1 Gross Circulation ($m) Source : Monetary Authority of Singapore 16.026.699.8 156.501.9 262. 2 The M3 series has been revised to include the Post Office Savings Bank's fixed deposits with MAS.162.9 11.8 23.7 1.754.764.9 297.707.6 16.839.6 Money Supply (M2) M1 Quasi-Money Fixed Deposits S$ Negotiable Cert of Deposits Savings and Other Deposits 174.620.3 155.2 18.1 1.1 121.6 233.8 52.287.3 151.7 36.735.7 81.5 47.4 52.9 63.207.976.3 974.619.295.3 16.9 18.1 17.474.369.558.2 65.798.085.8 5.9 Notes 13.7 206.183.4 219.940.977.588.242.360.5 73.6 219.5 31.988.121.3 162.709.7 174.938.703.270.3 20.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.714.9 44.706.109.0 15.365.4 93.207. 3 Refers to deposits of finance companies less their deposits with banks.1 Money Supply (M1) 1 2 Money Supply (M3) M2 Net Deposits with Non-bank 3 Financial Institutions Finance Companies Source : Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) 1 Refers to gross circulation less amounts held by government treasuries and banks.182.0 8.3 13.703.3 46.0 206.7 186.798.387.255.0 30.0 371.579.8 68.151. .822.9 342.004.242.6 17.567.8 257.127.4 31.196.957.8 14.

137.707.0 120.877.4 44.2 191.7 3.085.346.551.2 -165.9 173.3 57.950.474.397.647.435.703.760.790.3 297.6 -78.9 193.207.051.109.9 14.173.4 16.452.365.1 277.6 206.240.2 268.791.0 261.558.2 262.411.5 Money Supply Monetary Authorities Banks Other Items Source : Monetary Authority of Singapore .9 Net Foreign Position 130.7 73.6 299.4 219.695.8 63.127.0 66.1 143.920.2 88.712.8 110.620.735.1 Public Sector Private Sector 32.1 -9.6 210.812.378.6 5.3 333.8 257.815.5 249.826.8 240.9 46.369.834.894. 2010 16.6 233.977.242.472.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.2 -103.1 1.3 52.3 174.810.6 -137.231.556.401.0 189.128.220.091.3 MONETARY SURVEY (End of Period) Million Dollars 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 M1 Quasi-Money M2 31.1 263.554.7 Government Deposits 60.4 362.1 207.981.530.909.185.2 127.4 100.1 93.0 172.4 150.0 -103.925.798.558.8 232.751.1 134.3 239.0 186.6 199.710.9 Domestic Credit 182.758.626.8 50.162.8 371.224.0 113.4 273.3 162.6 33.301.6 52.0 238.187.211.1 -127.851.700.096.787.343.585.346.3 182.841.9 295.619.5 341.798.9 233.0 -106.2 224.3 256.2 111.938.9 75.112.294.

809.0 208.9 116.2184 0.1 128.6 255.0172 1.1876 0.2737 1.2724 4.1477 5.0235 4.8 375.2351 Total Foreign Reserves Gold & Foreign Exchange Total Foreign Reserves (million US$) Source : Monetary Authority of Singapore 16.1355 3.304.1967 0.1426 5.4874 3.2033 2.0057 0.1768 3.8 234.0242 0.6 250.4545 na 0.1625 5.0290 1.0532 4.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.4395 3.3667 0.1 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 1.6 208.196.8 712.5 503.344.3 187.172.1817 0.7 112.1008 0.8 477.1143 4.6 136.346.4 291.0933 0.5870 3.5889 1.2001 na 0.2 233.2 200.4825 na 0.2037 2.1664 4.243.6646 1.0140 1.0189 1.1622 4.1888 4.813.5 EXCHANGE RATES (Average for the Year) Currency S$ Per Unit of : Australian Dollar Chinese Renminbi Euro Hong Kong Dollar Malaysian Ringgit Pound Sterling US Dollar S$ Per 100 Units of : Indian Rupee Indonesian Rupiah Japanese Yen Korean Won New Taiwan Dollar Philippine Peso Thai Baht Source : Monetary Authority of Singapore .4148 1.2042 2.4126 2.3 183.4944 0.5 127.0963 1.4 OFFICIAL FOREIGN RESERVES (End of Period) Million Dollars 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 128.2443 0.6162 1.0 192.0161 1.2 487.4023 3.2 182.5071 1.374.0218 1.2806 0.5634 0.044.4448 3.7427 1.0160 4.2686 0.9 544.047.991.9 162.1 2.574.2016 0.0980 4.9261 1.0147 1.2544 na 4.1306 4.1981 2.3 Reserve Position in the International Monetary Fund 694.913.2047 1.1905 3.1993 1.956.0719 0.0 263.1932 0.545.3 474.4384 3.5089 0.5138 0.0584 3.0173 1.1473 0.8870 3.205.276.6949 1.4331 2.3738 0.2419 3.955.6482 0.2669 0.2045 0.260.8093 0.8 174.2129 2.2170 0.2624 0.1 261.0771 0. 2010 16.4460 2.6 77.6903 1.1 249.546.9952 0.8 192.0638 0.3603 3.464.4247 2.5562 0.2140 0.4 Special Drawing Rights 204.0165 1.

1 All local banks are full banks.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore. 2 Previously known as restricted banks.6 NUMBER OF FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS IN SINGAPORE Number 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 142 9 133 22 13 98 115 5 110 23 37 50 111 5 106 24 35 47 108 5 103 24 34 45 108 5 103 24 36 43 113 6 107 24 42 41 114 6 108 27 41 40 561 398 396 397 399 408 415 205 135 70 160 110 50 153 106 47 151 104 47 154 106 48 158 111 47 160 111 49 15 3 3 3 3 3 3 109 39 39 39 39 39 39 70 51 48 48 49 49 50 159 59 49 51 138 55 32 51 140 55 28 57 149 56 28 5 60 153 61 27 5 60 151 59 25 5 62 158 62 27 6 63 - 61 61 63 62 65 66 Bank Representative Offices 69 49 45 42 43 45 36 International Money Brokers 9 8 10 9 10 10 10 Licensed Financial Advisers - 52 56 61 67 69 73 Banks Local 1 Foreign Full banks Wholesale banks 2 Offshore banks (Banking offices including head offices and main offices) Asian Currency Units Banks Merchant banks Finance Companies (Finance companies' offices including head offices) Merchant Banks Insurance Companies Direct insurers Professional reinsurers Authorised reinsurers Captive insurers Insurance Brokers (continued on next page) Source : Monetary Authority of Singapore Note : Data as at end March of each year. 2010 16. .

Yearbook of Statistics Singapore, 2010

16.6

NUMBER OF FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS IN SINGAPORE (continued)

Number

1999

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

226

163

168

171

183

215

221

Dealing in securities 4

78

60

65

72

77

93

90

Trading in Future Contracts 5

49

31

34

38

40

46

50

Capital Markets Services Licensees 3

Advising on Corporate Finance
Fund Management

6

-

26

30

33

36

37

37

148

94

91

92

97

110

113

Leveraged Foreign Exchange Trading

-

10

11

13

14

18

19

Securities Financing

-

13

15

16

15

16

16

Providing Custodial Services for Securities

-

26

27

31

34

38

40

Real Estate Investment Trust Management 7

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

Licensed Trust Companies 8

-

-

-

-

31

35

38

Source : Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS)
Notes : Data as at end March of each year.
3 In view of changes in the licensing framework with the promulgation of the Securities and Future Act (SFA) and the FAA on
1 October 2002, the data before and after 1 October 2002 are not directly comparable.
4 The figures prior to 2003 show the number of dealers licensed under the Securities Industry Act (SIA), which has repealed on
1 October 2002.
5 The figures prior to 2003 show the number futures brokers and future trading advisers licensed under the Futures Trading Act (FTA),
which was repealed on 1 October 2002.
6 The figures prior to 2003 show the number of investment advisers licensed under the SIA and the number of futures pool operators
licensed under the FTA.
7 Regulation of real estate investment trust management came into effect on 1 August 2008.
8 Regulation of trust companies came under the purview of MAS when the Trust Companies Act came into effect on 1 February 2006.

Yearbook of Statistics Singapore, 2010

16.7

ASSETS OF DOMESTIC BANKING UNITS
(End of Period)
Million Dollars

1999

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

321,045.4

398,236.7

425,222.5

508,449.9

582,859.0

668,298.4

706,814.2

2,556.7

1,400.7

1,349.4

1,665.4

1,772.9

1,739.8

2,026.8

109,650.2
29,458.6
80,191.6

113,856.1
32,615.8
81,240.3

133,505.2
39,004.2
94,501.0

183,989.2
51,554.4
132,434.8

194,828.8
59,924.1
134,904.7

217,089.8
52,572.1
164,517.7

227,923.2
57,188.2
170,734.9

Balances with Monetary
Authority of Singapore

7,524.3

6,775.0

7,466.1

8,802.0

9,530.4

13,466.0

13,999.9

Securities and Equities Issued
by Private Entities

9,219.1

21,211.6

24,057.2

26,735.8

28,548.7

28,981.3

27,974.5

1,130.6
684.3

6,965.2
4,162.8

7,084.2
5,370.7

6,842.8
8,320.6

7,336.5
9,256.5

7,997.6
8,694.6

5,672.7
8,925.6

5,473.7
1,930.4

7,058.4
3,025.1

8,324.0
3,278.3

8,077.7
3,494.7

8,417.9
3,537.7

7,752.6
4,536.6

8,557.4
4,818.9

31,041.7
30,948.5
42.2
50.9

47,006.1
45,057.5
1,095.7
852.9

46,171.7
43,750.4
1,468.1
953.3

53,891.2
50,738.3
2,048.8
1,104.1

63,395.1
59,934.1
2,660.9
800.1

69,733.7
66,696.1
2,379.9
657.8

94,993.5
81,318.8
3,193.7
10,481.1

147,185.5
5,118.2
3,448.8
1,669.4
142,067.3
140,103.6
1,963.8

179,088.6
5,544.8
2,405.8
3,139.0
173,543.8
168,602.9
4,940.9

183,109.4
5,308.1
2,074.8
3,233.3
177,801.3
170,846.7
6,954.6

194,597.6
6,160.2
2,653.3
3,506.9
188,437.4
179,428.2
9,009.2

233,393.9
9,035.2
3,925.1
5,110.1
224,358.8
210,411.1
13,947.7

272,175.4
9,489.7
3,907.2
5,582.5
262,685.7
246,053.8
16,631.9

281,297.5
11,308.5
3,464.1
7,844.4
269,988.9
252,642.6
17,346.3

13,705.5

28,898.6

29,563.6

38,768.7

51,389.2

65,112.3

58,598.8

Total Assets
Cash
Amounts Due from Banks
In Singapore
Outside Singapore

1

Debt Securities
In Singapore
Outside Singapore
Equity Investments
In Singapore
Outside Singapore
Debt Securities by Government
Related Entities
Government of Singapore
Statutory Authorities
Other Governments
Loans & Advances including
Bills Financing
Bills Discounted or Purchased
Payable In Singapore
Payable Outside Singapore
Loans & Advances
Resident
Non-Resident
Other Assets 3

2

Source : Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS)
1 Includes Asian Currency Units.
2 Prior to June 1999, data on bills refinancing include bills refinanced by MAS. Excludes bills rediscounted between banks.
3 With effect from March 2004, the value of fixed assets is reported before depreciation.

Yearbook of Statistics Singapore, 2010

16.8

LIABILITIES OF DOMESTIC BANKING UNITS
(End of Period)
Million Dollars

Total
Capital & Reserves
Deposits of Non-bank Customers
Demand Deposits
Fixed Deposits
Savings Deposits
Other Deposits
Amounts Due to Banks
In Singapore
Outside Singapore
Other Liabilities 3

2

1

1999

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

321,045.4

398,236.7

425,222.5

508,449.9

582,859.0

668,298.4

706,814.2

25,318.6

35,933.0

38,161.7

39,017.4

41,436.9

51,315.7

54,965.8

174,454.1
21,676.0
92,118.7
60,271.8
387.6

206,176.3
32,775.4
99,829.5
72,938.3
633.0

223,718.0
35,140.1
118,496.4
69,306.2
775.4

272,462.6
41,473.1
158,168.3
71,760.9
1,060.3

314,985.8
52,080.2
175,421.2
86,496.0
988.5

347,507.4
62,100.4
175,646.9
109,033.5
726.6

391,495.1
81,047.0
179,571.8
129,995.1
881.3

98,182.8
23,124.0
75,058.8

114,953.7
18,815.1
96,138.6

120,849.1
23,010.9
97,838.3

146,468.4
19,879.9
126,588.5

165,520.8
17,225.7
148,295.1

184,405.1
18,283.9
166,121.1

176,394.4
13,869.4
162,525.0

23,089.9

41,173.8

42,493.7

50,501.6

60,915.5

85,070.2

83,958.8

Source : Monetary Authority of Singapore
1 Excludes non-bank customers' holdings of Singapore dollar negotiable certificates of deposits (S$NCDs).
2 Includes Asian Currency Units.
3 With effect from March 2004, other liabilities include accumulated depreciation for fixed assets.

Yearbook of Statistics Singapore, 2010

16.9

LOANS AND ADVANCES OF DOMESTIC BANKING UNITS
TO NON-BANK CUSTOMERS BY INDUSTRY
(End of Period)
Million Dollars

Total 1
Loans to Businesses

2

Agriculture, Mining &
Quarrying
Manufacturing
3

Building & Construction
General Commerce
Transport, Storage &
Communication
Business Services
Financial Institutions
Professional & Private Individuals
Business Purposes
4
Others
Consumer Loans

5

Housing & Bridging Loans
Professional & Private Individuals
Car Loans
Credit Cards
Share Financing
Others

1999

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

147,185.5

179,088.6

183,109.4

194,597.6

233,393.9

272,175.4

281,297.5

na

89,908.3

91,250.4

101,155.2

127,774.1

157,806.2

153,360.6

191.4
11,574.7

212.5
9,796.9

293.0
10,108.0

325.9
10,863.2

232.1
10,225.8

283.2
11,786.1

260.3
10,547.9

23,444.0
19,949.3

23,548.8
18,893.8

23,031.1
19,885.2

26,345.5
20,059.0

37,508.9
22,269.0

50,006.6
24,861.6

48,890.6
23,357.4

3,743.3
na
21,062.8

3,956.8
3,001.8
22,136.9

4,327.0
2,455.3
21,993.1

6,297.1
3,408.4
23,805.6

9,129.8
4,568.6
31,360.4

9,211.7
5,632.3
33,506.1

10,612.3
4,938.7
32,465.3

na
10,471.7

2,278.7
6,082.1

2,577.7
6,580.0

2,221.0
7,829.5

2,590.0
9,889.5

3,090.3
19,428.3

2,968.8
19,319.3

na

89,180.2

91,859.2

93,442.4

105,620.0

114,369.0

127,937.0

35,154.1

58,887.1

61,954.6

63,345.1

73,139.1

79,587.0

91,429.5

na
na
na
na

12,552.2
3,541.1
367.9
13,831.9

12,578.4
3,794.0
500.2
13,032.0

12,377.9
4,175.8
901.1
12,642.5

12,201.0
4,729.4
1,357.1
14,193.4

12,466.6
5,495.2
611.8
16,208.4

12,001.7
6,162.9
1,142.0
17,200.9

Source : Monetary Authority of Singapore
Notes : Data include bills financing.
From March 2004, the industry categories have been refined according to the Singapore Standard Industrial Classification 2000.
The industrial classification is by end-use of loans. If this classification is not possible, the borrower's main business activity
will be used.
1 Data prior to March 2004 include loans to Professional and Private Individuals (PPI). However, as there is no breakdown of the
data into loans to PPI by business purposes and consumer loans prior to March 2004, the sum of loans to businesses and
consumer loans may not add up to the total.
2 Data prior to March 2004 exclude loans to professional and private individuals for business purposes.
3 Includes loans to building and building co-operative societies, building developers and real estate agents.
4 Prior to March 2004, data include that of business services.
5 Prior to March 2004, data refer to housing and bridging loans only.

Yearbook of Statistics Singapore, 2010

16.10

ASSETS AND LIABILITIES OF ASIAN CURRENCY UNITS
(End of Period)
Million US Dollars

1999

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Assets
Total

477,241.7

581,562.5

611,377.4

698,648.5

906,991.0

912,739.4

869,401.3

Loans to Non-bank Customers

110,593.9

93,494.2

120,865.5

139,499.6

197,823.2

214,381.9

219,646.7

Inter-bank Funds

315,618.9

385,302.2

389,485.1

434,022.9

532,674.6

498,669.6

460,694.2

In Singapore

26,781.7

43,932.1

40,766.4

51,409.5

66,398.3

64,140.5

80,941.5

Inter-Asian Currency Units

34,698.2

31,428.3

29,102.0

43,628.2

53,610.7

54,620.3

41,678.4

Outside Singapore

254,139.0

309,941.8

319,616.7

338,985.2

412,665.5

379,908.9

338,074.2

Debt Securities & Equities

28,096.3

72,570.9

73,424.9

89,675.0

126,630.5

94,268.0

122,250.2

Other Assets

22,932.6

30,195.2

27,601.8

35,451.0

49,862.8

105,419.9

66,810.3

Liabilities
Total

477,241.7

581,562.5

611,377.4

698,648.5

906,991.0

912,739.4

869,401.3

Deposits of Non-bank Customers

121,319.5

150,354.2

162,834.2

216,818.1

275,256.9

262,162.1

269,370.2

Inter-bank Funds

323,384.9

379,900.0

394,080.5

409,878.0

540,688.3

523,690.5

502,232.6

In Singapore

25,040.5

34,771.1

37,337.3

49,139.6

50,438.6

62,600.9

87,208.3

Inter-Asian Currency Units

34,701.6

31,457.9

29,067.8

42,971.6

53,670.1

54,848.7

41,778.1

263,642.8

313,671.1

327,675.4

317,766.8

436,579.6

406,240.9

373,246.2

32,537.4

51,308.3

54,462.6

71,952.3

91,045.8

126,886.8

97,798.5

Outside Singapore
Other Liabilities

Source : Monetary Authority of Singapore
Note : Asian Currency Unit is a separate accounting unit of banks and other financial institutions given approval
to transact in the Asian Dollar Market.

Yearbook of Statistics Singapore, 2010

16.11

ASSETS AND LIABILITIES OF FINANCE COMPANIES
(End of Period)
Million Dollars

1999

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Assets
Total

20,742.4

8,308.5

9,444.9

10,066.6

12,781.8

12,586.4

11,691.9

391.1

168.5

195.4

211.7

283.1

285.1

231.0

Deposits with Banks & Other
Institutions

2,729.7

460.7

455.1

757.1

881.7

988.5

1,809.4

Securities & Equities

1,691.5

709.4

827.3

1,008.0

1,277.7

1,456.9

1,453.7

15,636.4
4,413.3
3,860.4
1.5
551.5
3,500.1
7,723.0

6,878.9
2,364.8
2,193.4
0.3
171.1
952.4
3,561.7

7,869.7
2,467.6
2,265.3
0.3
202.0
1,583.3
3,818.8

7,972.2
2,245.8
2,064.8
0.2
180.8
1,681.3
4,045.1

10,179.7
2,713.1
2,509.1
0.1
203.9
1,767.1
5,699.5

9,743.1
2,755.6
2,485.5
0.2
269.8
1,587.6
5,399.9

8,092.0
2,361.3
2,158.6
0.1
202.5
1,226.4
4,504.3

293.6

90.9

97.4

117.6

159.7

112.7

105.8

Cash & Balances with Monetary
Authority of Singapore

Loans & Advances
Hire Purchase
On Motor Vehicles
On Consumer Durables
On Other Goods
Housing Loans
Other Loans & Advances
Other Assets

Liabilities
Total

20,742.4

8,308.5

9,444.9

10,066.6

12,781.8

12,586.4

11,691.9

Capital & Reserves

3,408.1

1,442.8

1,658.4

1,693.1

1,683.3

1,713.0

1,824.9

Deposits
Savings Deposits
Fixed Deposits
Other Deposits

14,321.9
344.3
13,875.5
102.1

5,667.6
145.8
5,514.1
7.7

6,365.5
121.6
6,240.4
3.5

7,150.3
108.9
7,035.3
6.0

10,087.2
140.0
9,939.5
7.7

9,975.7
162.4
9,799.7
13.6

9,111.0
238.2
8,861.1
11.7

899.2

321.3

685.4

603.7

256.9

134.9

97.5

2,113.2

876.8

735.7

619.5

754.5

762.8

658.5

Other Creditors
Other Liabilities

Source : Monetary Authority of Singapore

9 1.3 104.12 FINANCE COMPANIES' LOANS AND ADVANCES BY INDUSTRY (End of Period) Million Dollars 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 7.102.9 718.0 120.466.4 91.2 0. 2010 16.276. .5 1.1 0.4 1. block discounting and warehouse inventory financing and accounts receivable financing. Storage & Communications 286.1 3.6 370.2 3. factoring.5 238.1 929.410.9 719.6 700.0 2.7 496.3 0.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.6 106.3 0.4 105.960.260.7 1.008.724.5 5.9 182. Mining & Quarrying Manufacturing Building & Construction Others Source : Monetary Authority of Singapore 1 Excludes lease financing.5 2.074.1 General Commerce 630.5 1.6 247.320.636.278.1 Transport.2 233.0 3.2 351.1 394.2 552.9 1.150.7 427.2 4.106.606.6 1.8 833.6 Total 1 Agriculture.9 5.579.8 2.6 113.4 460.0 133.5 87.372.6 Financial Institutions 1.1 Professional & Private Individuals 2.2 0.8 214.7 52.2 0.1 0.5 94.419.4 357.4 205.295.557.8 491.0 356.2 1.9 729.1 66.6 91.

262.0 2.708.571.8 28.394.7 24.261.842.0 32.0 26.1 35.014.4 3.3 37.2 21.8 24.5 28.463.029.754.1 25.8 36.3 76.846.374.523.1 15.8 35.693.070.859.636.838.5 9.104.834.1 Outside Singapore 1 26.488.880.5 35.579.244. 1 Includes Asian Currency Units.244.356.3 23.6 3.911.133.5 18.679.2 22.320.2 30.963.562.157.2 Amounts Due from Banks In Singapore Outside Singapore 1 27.8 64.5 2.182.3 22.5 904.7 5.781.198.6 20.991.0 36.7 Loans & Advances to Non-bank Customers 20.7 1.675.2 72.882.323.4 8.327.0 3.574.3 76.635.13 ASSETS AND LIABILITIES OF DOMESTIC AND ASIAN CURRENCY UNIT OPERATIONS OF MERCHANT BANKS (End of Period) Million Dollars 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Assets Total 56.602.860.2 8.6 59.265.2 5.0 27.501.478.999.883.9 24.0 1.698.8 660.7 35.6 Other Assets 1.7 2.824.8 649.845.1 8.633.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.471.5 29.072.0 13.718.7 5.567.5 6.3 23.412.8 27.6 23.548.406.650.484.5 1.1 78. 2010 16.0 28.904.1 530.3 5.683.3 32.356.8 36.8 1.231.6 34.962.3 89.3 89.852.036.8 6.6 59.934.914.9 26.1 11.5 Capital & Reserves Amounts Due to Banks In Singapore Other Liabilities Source : Monetary Authority of Singapore Note : Provision of corporate financial advisory services.2 771.5 1.1 Securities & Equities 6.8 11.029.093.999. .3 665.7 3.1 78.094.093.2 8. underwriting and operations in the gold market are not reflected in the data.008.6 7.704.225.0 25.7 35.8 64.1 23.070.845.0 8.4 31.167.9 3.698.7 25.1 1.209.164.1 21.831.4 Liabilities Total 56.2 34.601.337.4 1.443.4 20.2 72.451.602.1 Borrowings from Non-bank Customers 18.

30 5.50 1.57 0.66 0.56 0.13 0.58 0.80 0.33 0.99 0.42 0.55 Savings Deposits 1.25 Banks 1 Prime Lending Rate Interbank Overnight Rate 2 Fixed Deposits Finance Companies 3 Fixed Deposits Source : Monetary Authority of Singapore 1 Refers to the average quoted by 10 leading banks.92 1.98 1.15 3 Months 1.30 5.52 0.04 0.83 1.56 1.25 0.33 0.80 5.22 0.25 6 Months 2.86 0.38 - 1.72 0.56 0.51 0.25 0.51 0.67 0.63 3.14 DOMESTIC INTEREST RATES (End of Period) Per Cent Per Annum 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 5.23 0. 2010 16.28 0.70 0. .70 1.48 0.26 0.50 0.00 0.34 12 Months 2.50 3 Months 1.80 0.31 0.85 0. 2 Refers to the closing offer rates quoted by money brokers.25 0.62 0.46 0.70 0.06 1.25 0.41 0.34 0.88 0.25 6 Months 2.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.29 0.83 0.53 Savings Deposits 1.38 5.27 12 Months 2.33 5.39 0.46 0.25 0.33 5.68 0. 3 Refers to the average quoted by 10 leading finance companies.

5 1 96.092.310. 2010 16.977.929.541.637.899.190.6 15.2 10.248.040.1 16.7 304.893.3 5.600.926.7 437.776.4 15.4 Central Provident Fund Residential Property Assets Liabilities Mortgage Loans 112.9 151.792.720.132.8 90.719.004.7 Public Housing 197.133.298.7 146.4 160.1 166.873.251.095.4 372.370.443.2 21.0 20.8 22.0 15.1 6.879.898.6 129.9 15.225.4 1.133.5 1 Refers to total amount due to members (net of withdrawals).4 3.517.2 172.9 41.362.396.787.2 14.3 3.185.1 18.6 4.888.818.0 20.146.5 60.3 54.6 710.816.217.393.5 119.2 22.5 11.1 99.160.561.3 280.308.1 68.806.803.3 126.082.16 CONTRIBUTIONS AND WITHDRAWALS OF CENTRAL PROVIDENT FUND Million Dollars 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 12.1 818.1 390.350.383.396.500.564. 16.1 107.320.881.8 60.1 377.897.4 3.3 159.397.358.994.3 62.814.547.340.2 Shares & Securities 69.7 41. .5 125.2 64.776.554.220.9 245.307.9 111.137.2 24.4 46.030.0 1.559.3 3.7 193.3 76.417.9 10.8 65.5 50.044.484.0 62.8 203.9 183.1 84.455.1 115.5 200.6 501.5 40.7 Life Insurance 47.111.1 118.255.8 119.713.3 939.836.0 23.3 50.826.565.105.3 406.339.804.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.594.966.9 606.4 41.105.186.329.5 762.455.410.523.3 120.6 155.917.0 450.947.293.4 160.7 206.9 3.026.1 57.3 96.8 107.3 3.8 658.8 136.0 5.6 Personal Loans Motor Vehicle Loans Credit / Charge Cards Others 38.578.368.3 54.375.271.280.975.3 206.4 178.8 4.15 HOUSEHOLD SECTOR BALANCE SHEET (End of Period) Million Dollars Household Net Wealth Total assets Financial Assets Currency & Deposits 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 559.199.837.942.788.307.747.9 103.895.9 151.3 104.7 580.755.3 52.4 169.820.719.788.3 194.3 574.3 85.720.988.8 951.7 3.055.833.132.224.586.9 233.5 118.6 118.879.5 134.9 415.797.8 778.489.465.2 54.1 14.4 136.2 3.572.4 300.2 212.250.9 695.0 76.6 12.921.9 147.3 47.956.237.210.513.675.1 16.082.3 856.0 954.070.804.338.1 14.784.6 10.2 17.1 82.0 Amount Contributed Interest Credited Withdrawn 1 Refunds and Transfers Due to Members (End of Period) Source : Central Provident Fund Board 1 Refers to net amount withdrawn (gross amount withdrawn less amount refunded) by members.337.663.5 150.625.895.2 402.2 Private Housing 179.1 23.0 208.369.284.4 Financial Intitutions 47.228.124.5 26.523.7 126.6 16.607.3 332.8 126.3 4.939.7 88.914.825.554.8 122.0 69.3 112.646.6 20.004.8 HDB 64.7 549.240.411.409.3 11.242.048.7 553.207.6 87.0 49.

357 2.033 1.428 4.310 11.800 347 323 336 367 391 436 443 Death 152 205 246 284 269 286 359 Medisave Scheme 324 367 398 445 517 558 601 24 142 142 136 173 195 234 1.068 Residential Properties 4. 5 Refers only to members who joined the scheme in the year. MediShield. 4 Includes withdrawals by persons who are physically/mentally incapacitated and under the various CPF schemes .957 4.075 17.016 15. data refer only to the increase in membership size for the year.904 11.848 11.779 3. 2010 16.189 1. Education.392 2.776 357.966 10.376 14.940 1.446 Housing Schemes 1 Reached 55 Years of Age 2 Leaving Singapore & Malaysia Permanently 3 Private Medical Scheme Others 4 Number Housing Schemes 5 Public Housing 6 76.488 26.679 4.838 2. 6 With effect from 2003.100 2.159 1.865 10.258 19.874 324.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.468 16.610 199.061 1.262 15.576 48.349 Residential Properties 36.789 10. As there was no Government top-up in 2007.351 11.453 2.585 4. Investment.255 15. In 2005 & 2006.719 Public Housing 5.622 37.500 4.802 Reached 55 Years of Age 2 Leaving Singapore & Malaysia Permanently 3 Death Source : Central Provident Fund Board 1 Refers to net amount withdrawn (gross amount withdrawn less amount refunded) by members in the year.669 9.246 204.Minimum Sum. the increase in the number of withdrawals was largely due to withdrawals of the Economic Restructuring Shares and the relaxation of withdrawal rule from once in 3 years to annually.254 1.358 17. Non-Residential Properties.512 32.17 WITHDRAWALS OF CENTRAL PROVIDENT FUND BY TYPE 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Million Dollars Total 1 12.125 4. Special Discounted Shares and Eldershield Scheme.583 1. the increase in the number of withdrawals was mainly attributed to members' withdrawals of Government top-ups and the sale proceeds from their SingTel shares.059 15.808 189.479 10. the number of withdrawals was lower compared to 2005 and 2006.222 63.562 10. Delgro Shares (ceased wef Feb 04). 3 Includes Malaysians leaving Singapore permanently.769 1. 2 Includes first and subsequent withdrawals.404 2.255 274.836 9.290 12.398 1. .776 14. Home Protection.406 1.552 7.130 12. In 2004.336 40.225 23.355 47. Dependants' Protection.723 1.245 25.347 1.

0 4.772.5 1.058.5 7.4 65.0 23.1 27.883.388.7 11.7 14.5 433.466.2 21.8 3.629.145.3 4.836.2 4.674.297.217.217.720.332.262.017.107.2 420.087.2 5.2 17.9 44.431.0 6.505.061.3 18.7 1.439.8 8.204.804.2 16.2 9.150.033.334.743.762.890.3 352.5 Value (million $) Multi-industry Manufacturing Commerce Transport / Storage / Communications Finance Construction Properties Hotels / Restaurants Services Electricity / Gas / Water Agriculture Loans & Debentures Mining / Quarrying 151.855.3 31.876.2 5.1 33.356.8 26.540.2 555.776.8 7.287.999.7 7.1 221.924.213.9 12.7 8.4 95.0 280.973.5 37.256.264.401.935.6 SGX Mainboard (S$ trades) (continued on next page) Source : Singapore Exchange Limited Note : All Mainboard and Catalist stocks are classified based on Singapore Standard Insustrial Classification (SSIC) 1996.637.045.2 9.203.847.0 11.365.403.3 6.2 16.9 na 20.608.713.8 1.9 24.7 na 36.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.0 28.362.742.0 35.3 1.472.4 582.4 209.842.497.307.0 10.9 112.4 33.6 94.129.2 2.836.3 5.587.386.5 23.6 350.1 53.672.200.7 52.960.0 36.0 14.712.607.823.445.2 32.167.861.1 20.5 2.765.9 14.347.8 1.085.2 11.855.1 78.2 6.3 64.3 1.8 10.855.022.032.3 367.266.7 286.795.076.2 27.158.574.5 5.5 4.100.612.0 47.206.6 9.2 65.18 TURNOVER ON THE SINGAPORE EXCHANGE (EQUITIES) 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Volume (million) Multi-industry Manufacturing Commerce Transport / Storage / Communications Finance Construction Properties Hotels/Restaurants Services Electricity / Gas / Water Agriculture Loans & Debentures Mining / Quarrying 96.0 11.610.696.9 3.5 77.4 18.128.1 14.1 147.889.7 na 21.2 8.409.363.376.3 219.1 51.5 2.6 11.2 44.3 38.777.789.696.545.190.144.122.388.8 1.415.7 40.7 1.0 2.352.6 300.0 1.2 65.022.3 10.2 39.481.8 23.9 57.181.8 na 33.302.7 19. .299.4 75.1 29.2 9.9 18.5 83.2 9.9 10.672.3 6.029.147.0 1.0 611.688.385.555.6 12.8 15.989.0 11.864.9 9.642.234.521.756.991.6 73.193.4 1.6 6.869.1 8.467.855.0 4.3 936.744.7 9.134.2 25. 2010 16.368.3 454.5 21.5 13.3 3.3 3.893.6 3.131.9 85.5 50.4 114.6 1.167.2 137.763.3 40.9 202.406.1 313.3 542.587.438.061.2 1.888.855.550.1 21.043.2 1.532.248.9 58.2 36.4 46.922.0 43.0 211.250.4 54.9 66.788.9 276.4 23.9 1.196.3 75.9 12.5 15.546.1 151.4 1.8 66.6 545.862.4 176.4 28.5 50.7 32.7 4.7 966.715.6 72.2 356.481.088.9 7.9 29.5 188.156.471.560.8 309.824.217.315.2 88.9 2.275.951.9 5.7 7.461.1 8.195.306.3 111.0 2.438.4 160.9 123.891.8 321.097.8 18.0 19.3 13.034.519.385.

5 5.0 700.4 36.7 307.6 65.622.939.2 1.8 25.349.8 1.7 152.4 3.3 1.4 27.2 82.027.9 75.3 923.1 70.5 20.7 98.159.399.8 1.18 TURNOVER ON THE SINGAPORE EXCHANGE (EQUITIES) (continued) 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Volume (million) Multi-Industry Manufacturing Commerce Transport / Storage / Communications Finance Construction Properties Hotels / Restaurants Services Mining / Quarrying Loans & Debentures Agriculture Non S$ Trades 25.473.792.9 1.586.2 9.6 na 2.6 39.120.5 - 232.3 29.968.090.007.6 878.3 47.4 6. .6 316.5 na 798.3 554.966.4 36.4 121.0 na 1.240.2 29.9 na 4.0 59.2 1.6 na 1.505.2 206.7 152.6 32.678.2 541.3 na 2.370.156.5 70.1 1.159.398.0 31.261.099. All Mainboard and Catalist stocks are classified based on Singapore Standard Insustrial Classification (SSIC) 1996.147.2 15.2 na 629.6 na 1.1 1.7 10.097.1 50.743.8 161.708.5 na 7.0 na 339.2 588.053.9 284.783.6 21.7 411.255.2 133.517.6 241.3 na 8.3 249.1 275.0 23.667.1 625.101.3 220.8 116.2 1.1 6.3 277.1 801.767.9 0.0 43.6 1.3 731.2 3.5 69.2 5.8 1.587.299. Sesdaq has been renamed to Catalist.556.918.9 8.9 2.0 380.920.090.529.099.1 481.6 1.8 353.236.4 6.6 62.5 96.5 2.780.4 890.8 248. 2010 16.3 703.8 2.3 na 966.7 22.4 1.5 84.4 4.9 9.6 na 186.1 - 69.4 33.0 803.6 58.8 1.758.470.4 - SGX Catalist (S$ Trades) Source : Singapore Exchange Limited Note : With effect from 17 December 2007.334.7 6.7 2.901.6 13.996.1 11.006.5 - Value (million $) Multi-Industry Manufacturing Commerce Transport / Storage / Communications Finance Construction Properties Hotels / Restaurants Services Mining / Quarrying Loans & Debentures Agriculture Non S$ Trades 14.2 357.9 2.003.853.045.8 62.8 13.1 16.6 957.608.2 7.6 606.1 na 12.8 5.3 2.701.192.2 20.6 422.8 1.1 468.7 52.4 4.6 492.3 1.9 22.9 - 219.1 3.7 4.8 6.5 na 8.7 1.953.6 - 954.934.1 90.6 na 250.5 5.6 68.478.4 2.5 7.8 15.4 na 73.4 3.389.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.9 252.9 27.428.4 3.3 405.939.5 126.5 10.3 na 13.844.7 886.8 108.466.510.4 393.184.6 7.2 9.740.134.1 1.4 8.551.540.2 9.

7 1.3 2.575.3 Redeemed including Interest 1.527.824.397.8 2.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.0 2.3 2.528.1 1.109.724.4 2.632.8 2.9 1.636.3 1.6 2.4 1.633.3 2.955.819.738.006.1 2.864.4 1.5 1. 2010 16.6 1.3 1.4 2.9 2.064.2 Redeemed 2.904.367.825.0 1.19 PLEDGES AT PAWNSHOPS 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Received 2.8 2.571.778.2 2.688.9 Pledges ('000) Amount of Loans ($m) Source : Registry of Pawnbrokers .4 1.551.561.369.300.1 Given Out 1.546.359.

6 6.440.776.9 31.2 595.2 409.4 Annual Premiums 540.6 Policies Matured or Discontinued 164.077.1 331.8 9.1 Single Premium 529.7 456.2 131.389.710.741.6 Million Dollars Policies in Force Amount Insured 209.850.547.226.0 5.194.2 47.8 884.869.4 369.620.2 739.4 389.3 4.159.105.9 33.9 5.798.7 7.450.1 Annual Premiums New Policies Policies Matured or Discontinued Amount Insured Annual Premiums Source : Monetary Authority of Singapore .5 447.5 315.5 7.1 2.870.647.6 8.0 971.2 534.2 37.029.775.613.3 31.053.1 9.7 Amount Insured 37.3 513.973.944.136.047.9 625.032.0 25.7 10.926.6 6.4 374.5 499.9 6.468.8 6.3 705.889.1 1.526.8 300.2 1.1 430.7 353.212.920.307.658.268.514.3 48.5 9.9 591.167.7 92.735. 2010 16.6 58.7 39.6 5.4 637.195.427.3 4.5 New Policies 355.6 647.3 16.3 1.353.8 549.094.20 LIFE INSURANCE POLICIES (End of Period) 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Thousand Policies in Force 3.567.0 72.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.9 892.9 491.1 6.4 7.8 274.4 6.377.

4 9.160.777.110.770.549.704.0 12.745.9 341.2 Net Premiums Written Expenditure Total 6.8 11.000.220.876.0 768.455.706.777. 2010 16.9 497.146.0 13.6 Management Expenses 320.0 202.2 8.9 2.580.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.3 15. Disability & Maturity Surrenders Cash Bonuses & Annuities Miscellaneous Source : Monetary Authority of Singapore Note: Data from 2005 onwards are based on the risk-based capital (RBC) framework.0 12.473.0 597.8 463.3 425.6 Miscellaneous 240.4 17.183.21 REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE ACCOUNTS OF LIFE INSURANCE FUNDS Million Dollars 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Revenue Total 6.4 390.386.2 5.6 3.029.2 155.7 Claims on Death.8 1.3 627.153.591.994.5 2.4 197.7 827.7 2.4 21.770.8 175.988.2 1.459.341.3 11.130.802.473.7 2.7 597.9 92.925.2 Net Investment Income 900. .877.3 6.4 21.1 12.9 7.5 15.8 25.961.9 3.9 2.9 3.197.171.2 3.512.0 16.925.4 10.9 3.2 5.8 25.3 9.7 198.8 -18.373.8 -2.6 -14.0 214.4 17.745.5 15.459.3 6.359.048.248.074.2 3.130.201.537.2 180.8 -2.360.1 1.8 3.1 Distribution Expense 697.2 3.2 894.2 415.9 6.1 417.302.1 457.9 569.2 4.083.6 10.543.

392.8 71.146.769.443.3 2.5 2.6 5.2 2.315.997.968.8 2.4 2.600.9 202.4 39.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.439.3 267. .187.7 1.4 50.423.1 853.7 63.4 Land & Buildings 1.180.532.940.8 24.3 2.0 26.6 304.2 1.229. 1 Includes furniture.4 4.9 1.3 On Mortgages 1.586.591.262.492.793.271.2 83.2 5.6 On Policies 1.578.637.9 105.195.664.451.3 2.052.4 2.319.6 Loans Others Investments Cash & Deposits Miscellaneous (including 1 Outstanding Premiums) Source : Monetary Authority of Singapore Note: Data from 2005 onwards are based on the risk-based capital (RBC) framework.752.139.291.0 38.6 4.9 45.6 6. 2010 16.3 1.4 785.093.1 2.757.1 1.276.5 2.4 91.861.017.344.7 20.044.5 556.9 4.4 3.3 277.22 ASSETS OF LIFE INSURANCE FUNDS (End of Period) Million Dollars 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Total 21.372.8 1.9 1.7 Debt Securities 5.9 3.4 19.372.418.538.432.018.354.7 779.703.7 2.6 Equity Securities 5.8 32.7 406.2 92.316.818.352.987.7 1.5 51.259.9 32.8 2.4 47.6 4.0 683.044.131.

1 261.5 365.9 188.4 196.5 335.048.065.0 1.0 32.23 PREMIUMS AND CLAIMS OF GENERAL INSURANCE FUNDS Million Dollars 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Net Premiums 1 Total 1.0 561.5 855.0 41.4 758.2 702.083.1 Marine.6 635.6 53.5 171.1 776.1 705. 2 Refers to gross claims paid less recoveries from re-insurance placed in and out of Singapore.5 679.4 684. 2010 16.5 1.8 238. .1 245.1 205.2 210.7 187.5 1.0 178.0 676.7 371.8 52.4 282.6 754.8 129.834.3 56.6 42.4 335.671.2 762.4 43.0 Miscellaneous 286.7 670.2 392.8 56.792.250.8 Marine. Aviation or Transit Others Net Claims Settled Total 2 726.7 Motor Vehicles 437.9 Motor Vehicles 345.2 58.6 42.815.8 2.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.1 1.6 194.9 2.5 82.4 1.2 261.5 Fire 144.9 197.4 740.8 612. Aviation or Transit Others Fire Source : Monetary Authority of Singapore 1 Refers to gross premiums less premiums paid for re-insurance in and out of Singapore.9 44.6 993.0 896.8 Miscellaneous 539.4 841.6 190.8 452.1 62.0 306.7 1.0 53.324.

5 17.517.0 Management Expenses 296.5 272.5 342.0 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.3 89.3 Expenditure Total 1.0 127.9 2. 2010 16.5 412.6 433.7 19.8 222.4 2.1 406.8 1.9 246.0 67.8 108.5 170.498.083.4 1.2 1.4 2.2 2.5 1.6 717.2 1.4 217.2 340.9 2.7 1.8 158.4 2.7 253.260.189.2 2.2 25.2 310.1 221. .1 1.815.1 186.198.2 702.8 Distribution Expenses 166.671.1 532.9 2.9 2.8 2.1 776.5 686.3 469.498.5 855.6 993.0 271.9 2.517.189.030.923.2 379.9 425.923.8 25.198.1 21.24 REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE ACCOUNTS OF GENERAL INSURANCE FUNDS Million Dollars 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Revenue Total Net Premiums Written Net Investment Income Miscellaneous 1.4 2.324.6 754.8 349.792.4 143.9 328.3 296.250.1 406.5 332.834.4 230.065.8 Net Claims Settled 726.7 -151.9 13.260.8 Increase (Decrease) in Policy Liabilities Miscellaneous Source : Monetary Authority of Singapore Note: Data from 2005 onwards are based on the risk-based capital (RBC) framework.030.

444.055. 2010 16.9 2.7 260.6 25.4 3.810.4 1.046.222.8 70.979.418.661.284.001.174.0 1.0 3.4 2.5 3.6 725.640.5 2.968.6 198.995.941.7 84.026.122. 16.370.6 5.854.9 14.6 505.8 68.2 232.9 22.471.5 Debt Securities 903.6 108.5 16.3 225.9 7.5 1.0 2.296.8 3.1 73.736.1 18.0 238.5 5.0 425.5 2.639.9 173.4 1 Rollover Balance ($m) 1.2 36.5 3.5 1.1 118.9 220.1 2.6 Equity Securities 513.7 946.106.4 5.8 2.563.424.030.745.8 2.9 137.4 183.151.5 554.1 63.25 ASSETS OF GENERAL INSURANCE FUNDS (End of Period) Million Dollars 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 3.8 70.9 1 Main Cards ('000) Supplementary Cards1 ('000) Bad Debts Written Off ($m) Source : Monetary Authority of Singapore 1 As at end of period.1 43.2 1.7 195.5 565.306.9 1.1 474.4 3. .2 649.4 679.648.9 115.415.698.3 417.7 1.6 6.3 593.2 430.1 2.303.378.918.037.504.8 3.2 26.0 Total Land & Buildings Loans Investments Cash & Deposits Miscellaneous Source : Monetary Authority of Singapore Note: Data from 2005 onwards are based on the risk-based capital (RBC) framework.26 CREDIT AND CHARGE CARDS 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 1.639.691.7 850.662.822.4 464.842.4 861.6 1.179.073.1 Total Card Billings ($m) 8.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.986.8 1.7 5.1 7.0 4.3 2.8 6.1 2.

PUBLIC FINANCE .

and 20 per cent on other income). up to the next $290. and that all such dues are promptly collected. engaging the help of parent or grandparent to look after young children. whichever gives rise to higher tax. contributions to the Central Provident Fund (CPF) or other approved pension or provident funds. Corporate income tax rate for YA 2009 is 18 per cent.000 of such income. export of services. For the Year of Assessment (YA) 2009. A qualifying new company enjoys full tax exemption for the first $100. Residents in this context refer to persons residing in Singapore. foreign maid levy and Supplementary Retirement Scheme (SRS) contributions. A person who has stayed or exercised employment in Singapore for a period of 183 days or more in the year preceding the year of assessment would also be considered a resident. parents’. levy or fee are speedily and correctly assessed.000 of its (excluding normal chargeable income1 Singapore franked dividends).000 of its normal chargeable income1 (excluding Singapore franked dividends).000 is given. The GST rate was increased from 5 per cent to 7 per cent from 1 Jul 2007. research and development and overseas ventures. grandparents’. life insurance premiums. Deductions include allowances for earned income.17 PUBLIC FINANCE Government Revenue and Expenditure The main revenue-collecting agencies are the Singapore Customs and the Inland Revenue Authority of Singapore (IRAS). Residents of Singapore pay personal income tax at progressive rates on the chargeable income of the preceding year after appropriate deductions have been made. GST is charged at zero per cent). and a further 50% exemption for the next $200.000 of such income.e. There are various tax incentives in the form of tax exemptions and concessionary tax rates to promote capital investments. International services and export of goods are zero-rated (i. tobacco. 1 Normal chargeable income refers to income to be taxed at the prevailing corporate tax rate. 75 per cent of the income or an amount up to $7. . development of financial services. petroleum products and motor vehicles. Government revenue is credited to and current expenditure paid out of the Consolidated Revenue Account. tax rates range from 0 per cent to 20 per cent and a one-off tax rebate of 20 per cent capped at $2. duty.000 for its first three consecutive YAs. children. parents and dependants. spouse’s or siblings’ retirement accounts under the CPF Minimum Sum Topping-Up Scheme. A company enjoys partial tax exemption for the first $300. course fees. cash payments to top up own. and almost all supplies of goods and services in Singapore except for sales and leases of residential properties and most financial services which are exempted. stamp duty. NSmen (self/wife/parent). It also ensures that liabilities of all persons liable for tax. IRAS is responsible for the collection of income tax. Goods and Services Tax (GST). The former is responsible for the collection of import and excise duties on liquors. Parenthood tax rebate is also available for qualified newborn or legally adopted children. The government has concluded comprehensive agreements for the avoidance of double taxation with 66 countries. The tax is imposed on the import of goods.000 shall be exempt from tax. Non-resident individuals are not entitled to personal reliefs or rebates and are normally taxed at a flat rate (15 per cent or resident rate on employment income. property tax.500 shall be exempt from tax. 50 per cent of the income or an amount up to $145. maintenance of wife. betting duty and private lotteries duty. as illustrated below: (i) (ii) up to the first $10.

(ii) acquisition of land and of any right or interest in or over land and in respect of the use of any invention.80. the (i) interest and other income from investments of the fund and profits arising from realisation of any such investments. acquisition or replacement of capital assets (eg buildings. The sources of Development Fund are: funds for moneys appropriated from time to time from the Consolidated Fund. and re-payments of any loans made from the fund or payments of interest on such loans. rolling-stock. roads) required in respect of or in connection with the economic development or general welfare of Singapore. improvement. . or investments in any public authority or corporation for any of the purposes mentioned in (i) and (ii) above. and (iii) grants and loans to.17 PUBLIC FINANCE (cont’d) (iv) Development Fund The Development Fund is established by the Development Fund Act (Cap. aircraft. 1995 Revised Edition). Data are obtained from ministries and captured into the government's accounting system which produces the actual figures for the Development Fund. (ii) proceeds of any loan raised for the purposes of the fund and appropriated to such purposes by the law raising the loan. (iii) The Fund may be used for: (i) construction. machinery. The Development Fund in the Government Financial Statements covers the period from 1 April of the year to 31 March of the following year. vehicles.

017.994 -12.3 24.314.084 21.809.745.1 29.2 10.989.9 2.768.940 38.445 -24.118.314 44.141.334.9 4.768.7 6.955 -21.5 51.536 -8.607 48.357.306 26.820 18.073 43.6 13.3 55.314 48.765 -4.4 -13.934.994 12.073 34.100.714 11.962 -35.197.994 -92.1 -27.835 32.222 20.6 29.422.352.761.4 -24.084 -21.5 -21.797 -5.479 10.127.5 -29.024 -18.084 -5.234.163.2 -10.260 34.7 29.5 -5.0 38.3 -24.3 27.5 60.7 -10.2 44.6 -5.913 -4.8 -26.246.7 -29.269.642 Expenditure & Lending minus Repayments Expenditure Lending minus Repayments 38.269.647.2 35.5 65.622 38.5 30.024 18.100.596.3 41.8 -27.451.886.774 43.2 35.1 -4.017.127.334.397.5 14.8 34.933 -18.3 65. 2010 17.347 -35.123 -12.223 67.475 30.0 30.946 29.0 51.357.397.642 65.1 -57.761.139 36.734.989.4 30.3 30.100.591.975 -7.820 319 -29.6 16.940 34.369.845 44.802 31.0 Deficit (-) or Surplus Total Financing Domestic Financing Total Net Borrowing Use of Cash Balances Foreign Financing Source : Accountant-General's Department - - - - - - - .920 16.295 1.377.5 60.1 4.916.865.095 -3.017.607 67.163.347 35.127.6 -13.5 -4.3 51.247 -62.6 -21.322.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.5 -4.781 -18.290 30.596.357.402.6 Total Revenue and Grants Revenue 41.901 12.792 32. General government finance includes budgetary and extra-budgetary accounts.2 GOVERNMENT FINANCE Million Dollars 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 5.8 51.029 25.934.1 25.0 26.761.336.478.347 -2.018 67.864 8.1 25.545 -11.422 Deficit (-) or Surplus Total Financing Domestic Financing From Monetary Authorities From Deposit Money Banks Other Domestic Financing Foreign Financing - - - - - - - Source : Accountant-General's Department Notes : Data refer to the financial year which begins in April of the current year and ends in March of the following year.9 8.020.2 41.223 65. 17.707.692.460.432.284 11.6 -25.2 9.1 -3.334.880 22.1 GENERAL GOVERNMENT FINANCE Million Dollars 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 4.768.997 -36.254.494.797 -4.0 35.738 -893 -4.108 -5.8 -53.5 -3.337.828.797 Total Revenue and Grants Revenue 43.024 -673 -29.782.714 2.820 -18.397.8 Expenditure & Lending minus Repayments Expenditure Lending minus Repayments 35.622 44.035.5 -5.694.451.359 27.5 -15.0 38.4 53.5 21.714 -11.

3 1.9 222.8 76.1 6.9 1.9 14.955.726.6 1.6 18.6 492.1 348.115.815.022.7 4.061.6 383.891.0 10.5 411.726.547.5 1.072.7 37.0 2.723.4 142. but excludes interest income.7 339.655.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.8 131.2 343.742.099.298.3 36. road tax.1 1.814.8 4.776.9 382.3 7.194.139.9 286.7 8.155.430.0 12.1 2.201.423.289.1 510.548.993.787.1 518.7 1.0 10.518.509. investment income and capital receipts.5 3.410.9 345.3 377. investment income and capital receipts.2 447.567.0 716.255.6 Betting Taxes Betting Duty Private Lotteries Duty 1.5 2.9 2.5 322.8 9.4 1.5 31.003.5 1.9 176.6 2.6 384.3 1. 3 Taxes on Motor Vehicles comprise additional registration fees.626.9 1.872.231.6 430.4 2.1 2.8 3.793.8 75. 2 Estate duty has been removed for deaths occuring on and after 15 February 2008.530.632.3 2.3 6.3 2.3 261.2 791.4 1.1 Goods & Services Tax 3.5 118.884.6 35.1 368.345.943.3 2.1 897.6 2.718.376.079.515.7 424.8 1.272.0 3.0 711.3 GOVERNMENT OPERATING REVENUE Million Dollars 2004 Total 1 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 26.5 896.8 23.170.2 9.989. 2010 17.0 Customs & Excise Duties Liquors Tobacco Petroleum Motor Vehicles Others 1.6 2.537.3 1.9 Taxes on Motor Vehicles 3 1.729.612.8 2.0 2.120.7 1.632.432.7 2.5 Others 4 1.085.5 1.135.438.6 2.736. but exclude excise duties on motor vehicles which are classified under Customs and Excise Duties.8 1.698. passenger vehicle seating fees and non-motor vehicle licences.6 11.530.7 25.1 16.033.8 379.0 138.9 41. 4 To more accurately reflect the nature of "Development Charges (DC)" as a tax under Section 35 of the Planning Act.4 3.665.446.6 812.0 28.3 1.9 3.9 1.101.3 375.260.994.8 1.1 334.6 2.2 2. interest income.2 1.4 2.052.1 6.8 1.231.5 408.8 3.1 459.003.0 1.218.4 39. special tax on heavy-oil engines.8 Tax Revenue Income Tax Corporate Income Tax Personal Income Tax Contributions by Statutory Boards Assets Taxes Property Tax Estate Duty 2 Stamp Duty Fees & Charges 4 Other Receipts 5 Source : Accountant-General's Department 1 Operating revenue refers to receipts credited to the Consolidated Revenue Account and Development Fund Account.297.521.2 275.3 2.960.0 2.323.342.4 10.6 1.4 1.5 16.2 9.1 1.7 724.559.680.208.818.5 1.8 28. .7 5.8 1.1 5.6 1.882.3 233.3 37.311.0 2.077.288.0 1.1 22.837.947.116.392.2 3. reporting of actual collection of DC has been reclassified from "Fees and Charges" to "Tax Revenue: Others" with effect from April 2009.261. 5 Other receipts exclude repayment of loans and advances.6 1.6 494.4 96.082.2 687.

1 443.295.566. 1 Government operating expenditure refers to expenditure on manpower.973.6 998. For the same reason.4 19.8 121.403.8 1.9 1.347. the sector "General Services" has also been renamed "Government Administration".0 851.0 9.2 874.5 10.6 2.7 458.1 872.4 10.6 930.935.980.1 405.0 11.4 Total 1 Economic Development Communications & Information Technology Transport Trade & Industry Manpower Info-Communications and Media Development 2 Government Administration 689.9 391.2 381.1 2.907. while the Ministry of National Development has been transferred to the "Social Development" sector.2 5. Communications & the Arts Environment & Water Resources National Development 5.8 2.995.4 Source : Ministry of Finance Notes : (a) Refinements have been made to the sectoral classification of ministries from FY2001.7 736.3 792.463.5 794.2 215.684.7 361.7 284.4 GOVERNMENT OPERATING EXPENDITURE Million Dollars 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 13.0 817.3 7.6 436. Its portfolio of Information Technology and Telecommunications had been transferred to the Ministry of Information and the Arts which was also renamed Ministry of Information.8 372.6 1.0 340.7 1.8 320.0 393.4 460.5 285.351.2 284.568.0 721.2 179.1 13.4 808.215. .3 2.2 560.071.1 373.967.015.8 624.1 652.2 30.418.9 326.889.8 200. (b) The Ministry of Communications and Information Technology was renamed the Ministry of Transport in November 2001.674.464.0 30.3 351.3 32. Communications and the Arts.1 579.6 1.9 7. 2 Re-classified from Info-Communications Technology to include expenditure related to Media Development Programme from April 2007 onwards.9 8.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.308.6 661.8 272.5 920.6 5.985.763.786.871.2 953.588. 2010 17. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs has been shifted to the newly renamed "Security and External Relations" sector.6 12.4 11.1 13.0 4.0 274.1 599.7 370.590.6 866.7 898.116.161.443. other operating expenditure (excluding expenses on investment and agency fees on land sales) and operating grants.9 1.7 8.8 20.298.764.1 459.172.548.670.684.548.7 165.4 422.5 924.7 28.4 321.0 832.082.1 Security & External Relations 7.7 1.9 287.5 442.7 9.9 29.6 759.0 1.Youth & Sports Information.9 6.1 Social Development Education Health Community Development.436.5 13.3 418.9 168.2 40.0 1.8 38.0 24. These changes have been made to better reflect the main functions of the two ministries.6 23.3 29.

530.9 3.9 10.8 1.2 8.8 817. the sector "General Services" has also been renamed "Government Administration".776.388.0 1.1 20.4 1.885.411.281.227.200.7 1.1 856.5 4.9 2.888.017. Its portfolio of Information Technology and Telecommunications had been transferred to the Ministry of Information and the Arts which was also renamed Ministry of Information.2 120.611.8 3.8 328.8 2.0 1.2 2.5 82.9 2.5 3.9 124.0 538.9 24.2 30.3 89.6 49.482.213. while the Ministry of National Development has been transferred to the "Social Development" sector.7 862.1 139.3 1.785.101. For the same reason.542.5 25.3 188.738.2 146.5 1.5 6.4 32.5 761.596.5 821.4 2.447.7 2.952.2 821.9 680.9 470.401.9 2.039.031.8 109.879.4 194.8 1.6 183.3 548.7 8.104.9 877.056.6 4.0 916.320.4 39.089.0 159.224. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs has been shifted to the newly renamed "Security and External Relations" sector.4 65.2 1.2 874.0 245.5 1.7 11.9 110.755.1 1.338.3 1.6 116.2 109.4 3.8 284. These changes have been made to better reflect the main functions of the two ministries.7 20.180.273.225. 2 Re-classified from Info-Communications Technology to include expenditure related to Media Development Programme from April 2007 onwards.156.8 107.4 114.323. 2010 17.5 42.9 131.669.1 853.071.8 687.3 1.3 8.046. From FY2001.9 Economic Development Communications & Information Technology Transport Trade & Industry Manpower Info-Communications and 2.2 111.4 4.474. Youth & Sports Information.8 Security & External Relations 1.3 22.3 1.7 233.7 1.7 2.899.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore. 1 Government development expenditure excludes loans to statutory boards and industrial and commercial enterprises.8 6.4 3.9 130. Communications & the Arts Environment & Water Resources National Development 5.0 89.982.3 1.617.563.5 574. (b) The Ministry of Communications and Information Technology was renamed the Ministry of Transport in November 2001.4 493.9 11.4 478.2 2.5 Total 1 Media Development 2 Government Administration 991.8 Social Development Education Health Community Development. Communications and the Arts. 2009 .7 40.1 Source : Ministry of Finance Notes : (a) Refinements have been made to the sectoral classification of ministries from FY2001.5 GOVERNMENT DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE Million Dollars 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 11.106.3 6.4 1. land-related expenditure items are no longer classified under Development Expenditure.6 608.0 993.

998 13.139 26.560 2.598.8 210.005.0 9.366 3.164 9.030 9.918.539.097 2.501.728 16.1 86.0 5.548.700 14.720.606 14.2 21.306 - 2.4 291.819 - 2.8 125.282 9.826.300.2 200.7 GOVERNMENT DEBT BY INSTRUMENT (End of Period) Million Dollars Total Domestic Debt Registered Stocks & Bonds Treasury Bills Advance Deposits External Debt Memorandum item : Debt Guarantees Source : Accountant-General's Department Monetary Authority of Singapore 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 125.1 186.066 18.253 8.7 234.464.598.981 72.558 19.200.364 4.560 16.438.501.392 - 2.0 1.1 12.8 52.0 - 1. 17.066 7.438.2 193.709 4.037 58.046.900.4 35.4 20.6 206.6 172.005.383 - 3.777.093.638 6.269 8.355.093.441 90.096 10.0 27.643.298 10.069.462.503 25.239 76.2 160.961 - 3.777.564.879 - 3.193 16.665 12.0 186.996 16.0 6.364 35.6 SOURCES AND USES OF DEVELOPMENT FUND Million Dollars Balance (Beginning of Financial Year) Sources Total Consolidated Revenue Account Consolidated Loan Account Others Uses Total Government Development Expenditure Loans to Statutory Boards & Enterprises Others 1998 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 23.935.0 25.096 15.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - .025.2 255.701 99.7 255.8 230.062.8 291.366.479 7.100.727 11.5 32.0 9. 2010 17.379 12.075 14.027 11.160.4 206.0 7.800.278 83.8 200.900.470 12.464.732 1.7 234.304 - Source : Accountant-General's Department Note : Data refer to the financial year which begins in April of the current year and ends in March of the following year.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.7 178.349 25.

8 GOVERNMENT DEBT BY MATURITY (End of Period) Million Dollars 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 1 year maturity or less 98.1 19.762.146.708.797.390.925.180.911.726.4 208.120.3 204.0 More than 1 year maturity 78.0 46.900.2 188.4 57.662.4 36.4 226.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.6 167.1 143.4 158.3 245.822.8 Domestic Debt (excluding Advance Deposits) External Debt Source : Monetary Authority of Singapore - - - - - - - .895.362.5 59.0 180.718.9 157.080.2 34.966.0 193.606.845.8 73.971. 2010 17.0 282.

777 22 Net Tax Assessed ($m) Resident Non-resident 5.325 193.791 8.977 36.00160.939 1.00125.896 34 13.798 10 1.371 6.780 6.369 47 6.838 3.000 200.385 1.00140.473 29 10.9 TAXABLE INDIVIDUALS BY ASSESSED INCOME GROUP.001150.809 24.387 938 153.071 28.710 18.000 & below 20.383 99 18 18 5 2 3 10 7 3 43 38 5 68 64 4 85 81 4 Assessed Income Group ($) 60.001200.00180.585 142 29.000 30.755 36 6.920 19 6.799 39 8.000 Taxpayers (No) Resident Non-resident 80.341 30 7.00130.692 328 86.006 18.359 603 113 113 678 657 21 1.237 8.502 6.963 105.020 72.012 521 73.733 381 36.000.000 100.962 83.775 153.231 28.828 703 194.567 396 Assessable Income ($m) Resident Non-resident 83.001300.799 5.533 127.710 29.802 175 32.748 32 6.001100.461 66 8.815 936.000 25.109 128 194 188 6 199 194 5 479 472 7 438 433 5 750 745 5 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore. YA 2008 Assessed Income Group ($) Total Taxpayers (No) Resident Non-resident 20.879 6.000 960.808 1. 2010 17.853 26 5. .0011.000 150.00150.527 13.000 40.000 50.001 & above 127.482 5.361 24 Assessable Income ($m) Resident Non-resident Net Tax Assessed ($m) Resident Non-resident Source : Inland Revenue Authority of Singapore Note : YA refers to Year of Assessment.186 589 105.114 85.930 7.000.416 10.000 1.727 32.531 68.000 300.937 134 3.281 950 69.

736 1.906 143 Assessable Income ($m) Resident Non-resident 69.10 TAXABLE COMPANIES BY ASSESSED INCOME GROUP.001300.219 40.174 2.423 4.426 116 808 766 42 1.857 136 5.513 196 1.049 3.728 Net Tax Assessed ($m) Resident Non-resident 168 162 6 122 117 5 274 261 13 774 737 37 540 512 28 8.341 956 6 6 - 11 11 - 13 12 1 45 43 2 57 55 2 Assessed Income Group ($) 100.777 1. 2010 17.112 6.000.553 1.071 103 2.0011.000 20.840 51.709 5.610 126 Assessable Income ($m) Resident Non-resident 948 914 34 693 662 31 1.973 200 2.000 5.272 35 34 1 61 58 3 74 71 3 251 242 9 318 307 11 Net Tax Assessed ($m) Resident Non-resident 10.001500.993 2.297 9.0013.710 10.536 208 4.744 5.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.038 7.000 Companies (No) Resident Non-resident 42.287 7.00160.000 30.00120.479 74 4.000.000 5.114 2.701 76 2.001 & above .000.00130.000 & below 10.000 300.000 60. YA 2008 Assessed Income Group ($) Total 10.173 3. 500.209 214 3.425 862 Companies (No) Resident Non-resident Source : Inland Revenue Authority of Singapore Note : YA refers to Year of Assessment.000 1.000.150 364 4.0015.514 10.000 3.001100.509 1.310 62.000.000.542 2.950 164 57.

PRICES .

bus/train fares. school fees. perishable food items) are surveyed weekly while items with more stable prices such as utility tariffs. published by DOS. either locally manufactured or imported from abroad. Singapore Manufactured Products Domestic Supply Price Indices & The Singapore Manufactured Products Price Index measures the change in the prices of goods manufactured by local manufacturers.18 PRICES Consumer Price Index (CPI) The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the price changes in a fixed basket of consumption goods and services commonly purchased by the households over time. Retail Prices Retail prices of selected goods and services are collected regularly from a wide range of retailers and service providers commonly patronised by households. For the 2006-based series. Items whose prices are volatile (e.500 brands are selected for the compilation of the 2009-based CPI. These expenditure values were updated to 2009. The yearly CPI is derived by taking a simple average of the 12 months’ indices for the year. half-yearly or as and when the prices/rates change. where the weight reference period of 2005 precedes the price reference period of 2006. The weights for the Singapore manufactured products are derived from production data collected in the 2005 Census of Industrial Production. quarterly. The frequency of the survey depends on the price behaviour of the item. The annual inflation rate for a specific year is computed by comparing the average for the 12 monthly indices with that for the preceding year. Details on the compilation of the 2009based CPI can be obtained from the Information Paper "The Rebasing of The Consumer Price Index (Base Year 2009 = 100)”. which are retained for use in the domestic economy. a 'modified Laspeyres' index (also known as the Young index formula) is adopted.g. The Domestic Supply Price Index monitors the price changes of commodities. Ex-factory prices are collected from selected local manufacturers every month. The weights for the Domestic Supply Price Index are made proportionate to the combined value of retained imports and locally manufactured goods sold in the domestic market. The weighting pattern for the 2009-based CPI was derived from the expenditure values collected from the Household Expenditure Survey (HES) conducted from October 2007 to September 2008. Indices at the commodity division and commodity section level can be found in "Monthly Digest of Statistics". taking into account price changes between 2007/08 and 2009. The CPI is compiled on a monthly basis. Analyses of price changes are published in the monthly reports on Singapore Manufactured Products & Domestic Supply Price Indices. medical services and household durables are surveyed monthly. A total of 6. . published by the Singapore Department of Statistics (DOS).

insurance and freight). Prices for exported products are valued at fob (free on board). Indices at the commodity division and commodity section level are published in the "Monthly Digest of Statistics". prices are valued at cif (cost. a 'modified Laspeyres' index (also known as the Young index formula) is adopted. Analyses of price changes are available in the monthly report on Import & Export Price Indices. where the weight reference period of 2005 precedes the price reference period of 2006. Monthly prices are collected from selected importers and exporters. For imported products. Construction Material Market Prices Construction Material Market Prices are computed based on the average market prices of construction materials for the respective years. . Other Price Indices The collection and compilation of data for the Property Price Index and Commercial Property Rental Index are undertaken by the Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA).18 PRICES (cont’d) Import & Export Price Indices Import & Export Price Indices track the price movement of imported and exported goods on a monthly basis. The weights for imported and exported products are derived from imports and exports statistics in 2005. For the 2006-based series.

3 0.7 86.2 0.0 2.9 0.4 100.2 Communications 475 -1.6 2.6 93.1 90.8 96.5 4.2 93.6 1.2 100.553 98.3 3. taking into account price changes between 2007/8 and 2009.8 Health Care 586 0.7 0.8 98. 2010 18.6 99.9 Education & Stationery 735 81.9 96.0 1.0 Health Care 586 75.000 - 1.6 85.3 1.205 82.2 3.2 92.8 2.548 -1.3 88.0 1.2 100.7 3.4 89.1 6.0 2.3 100.7 97.0 1.4 86.0 341 95.0 99.5 0.4 100.6 2.3 Food Clothing & Footwear Recreation & Others 1 The weighting pattern of the Consumer Price Index (CPI) was derived from the expenditure values collected from the 2007/8 Household Expenditure Survey (HES) and updated to 2009.8 96.3 1.1 0.000 86.6 0.7 2.0 97.1 93.4 91.8 0.2 96.8 2.6 6.5 1.7 98.4 84.7 Transport 1.8 100.8 99.3 100.3 - -1.0 0.0 Food Clothing & Footwear Recreation & Others Percentage Change Over Previous Year All Items 10.2 -3.557 84.1 CONSUMER PRICE INDEX (2009 = 100) Weights 1 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Consumer Price Index All Items 10.7 0.2 2.9 2.5 -1.9 98.0 99.1 86.0 100.0 88.0 1.3 1.5 -2.4 91.2 Education & Stationery 735 1.4 90.7 99.8 Housing 2.6 2.9 4. .6 -0.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.0 83.7 100.5 99.8 88.548 83.4 0.1 94.1 5.205 0.4 -0.7 0.9 7.7 0.3 100.2 99.6 2.0 90.0 0.1 -1.7 99.1 103.0 Communications 475 105.1 - 0.3 97.9 Housing 2.0 Transport 1.4 4.3 93.4 13.3 96.557 0.7 98.3 341 -1.553 -0.9 99.3 1.5 91.9 1.

1 3.Education & unication Stationery Health Care Recreation & Others Weights 1 Per 10.2 97.9 2009 Lowest 20% Middle 60% Highest 20% 2.000 10.8 6.7 7.0 100.1 86.7 97.0 99.6 97.6 96.0 100.1 3.1 8.0 97.1 91.7 3.3 0.8 99.0 2.0 2.3 3.0 100.9 99.3 7.5 100.0 99.1 98.9 2.2 12.0 100.1 -3.9 100.6 0.843 225 352 348 3.9 100.9 99.0 100.6 95.4 98.492 1.6 84.1 4.2 0.605 2.4 0.8 0.4 13.3 90.1 -3.6 2.1 1.0 97.6 93.6 1 The weighting pattern of the Consumer Price Index (CPI) was derived from the expenditure values collected from the 2007/8 Household Expenditure Survey (HES) and updated to 2009.5 97.7 99.2 94.0 2.2 1.7 1.7 4.0 Percentage Change Over Previous Year 2007 Lowest 20% Middle 60% Highest 20% 2.5 2.5 1.3 96.9 99.0 100.9 98. 2010 18.3 1.7 91.0 1.3 99.5 3.000 Lowest 20% Middle 60% Highest 20% 10.6 99.8 99.0 97.3 88.0 94.1 1.7 2.0 100.6 5.1 1.8 92. .0 99.1 94. taking into account price changes between 2007/8 and 2009.2 4.780 Consumer Price Index 2006 Lowest 20% Middle 60% Highest 20% 89.7 97.2 92.0 84.0 99.2 2.1 3.1 97.3 3.6 -0.9 100.8 96.5 14.428 719 1.689 2.5 1.7 2008 Lowest 20% Middle 60% Highest 20% 97.2 CONSUMER PRICE INDEX FOR HOUSEHOLDS IN DIFFERENT INCOME GROUPS (2009 = 100) Income Group All Items Food Clothing & Footwear Housing Transport Comm.3 97.477 2.5 6.0 5.2 103.3 89.3 99.2 87.0 96.2 98.2 103.1 96.0 100.9 99.1 100.7 0.9 -0.8 0.1 89.381 1.7 1.0 0.3 2.1 2.5 93.0 100.6 1.8 93.3 94.2 88.3 95.9 99.7 96.6 98.8 93.1 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.3 97.8 0.2 86.1 1.0 100.8 99.000 2.9 3.0 90.1 100.2 - 3.6 2008 Lowest 20% Middle 60% Highest 20% 7.0 100.2 -3.9 2.0 2.9 3.4 97.7 99.0 89.0 99.5 5.0 100.9 3.0 96.4 98.2 0.6 89.1 0.4 4.823 518 552 354 439 686 865 739 585 559 1.9 0.2 103.1 -0.066 1.0 99.9 2.3 92.1 0.6 2.1 -0.0 100.1 0.000 10.9 98.475 1.4 2007 Lowest 20% Middle 60% Highest 20% 90.2 0.7 99.5 2009 Lowest 20% Middle 60% Highest 20% 100.5 3.0 100.5 98.0 96.1 97.9 100.0 100.0 100.0 88.

6 100.0 100.3 100.5 94.0 131 69.3 77.9 91.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.8 100.3 88.0 94.1 93.9 100.0 94.0 112 87.2 95.5 98.7 103.5 100. School & Miscellaneous Fees 32 78.2 100.1 101.8 91.6 100.8 98.2 91. 92 Octane 2006 2007 2008 2009 99.3 88.8 84.0 80.6 95.5 83.7 98. .0 69.3 97.1 100.0 101.2 86.8 100.0 100.6 83.7 103.7 118.0 100 85.1 100.0 94.0 Train Fares 90 92.4 100.6 85.8 89.7 90.7 91.8 Petrol.7 90.6 100.0 68 86.2 207 64.4 90.9 99.9 88. 98 Octane 93 Petrol.8 98.5 100.3 100.4 91.0 97.8 98.9 102.6 Gas Tariff 20 71.8 Liquefied Petroleum Gas 17 55.0 Utility Water Tariff Electricity Tariff Private Road Transport Public Road Transport Bus Fares Education & Stationery Tuition Fees at Polytechnics & Local Universities Health Care Hospitalisation Fees Consultation Fees at Polyclinics & General Practitioners 1 The weighting pattern of the Consumer Price Index (CPI) was derived from the expenditure values collected from the 2007/8 Household Expenditure Survey (HES) and updated to 2009.2 98.2 98.3 108.5 92.1 99.0 78.3 PRICE INDICES OF SELECTED CONSUMER ITEMS (2009 = 100) Weights 1 1999 2004 2005 70 76.4 83.0 Secondary & Junior College.0 102.0 Taxi Fares 133 74.7 124.2 76.6 117.0 100.3 100.1 120.6 86.9 102.0 94.8 114.0 96.2 98.5 82.0 19 71.0 Primary School Miscellaneous Fees 15 93.2 100.4 93.8 81.6 100.0 98. taking into account price changes between 2007/8 and 2009.4 95.0 100.5 77. 2010 18.8 98.0 147 82.4 89.6 99. 95 Octane Petrol.6 100.

51 2.21 4.25 13.38 19.91 1.68 1.05 9.02 3.20 8.95 13.93 8.69 4.48 9.96 10.15 15.57 14.01 2.06 19.04 6.65 5.12 6.19 3.70 7.49 12.98 22.61 1.69 2.82 13.39 3.95 1.91 14.47 4.70 4.71 6.37 11.09 15.96 9.58 6.58 14.15 13.00 7.76 7.35 1.4 AVERAGE RETAIL PRICES OF SELECTED ITEMS Dollars Item Rice & Other Cereals Thai Rice 100% Fragrant Instant Noodles Ordinary White Bread Vitamin Enriched Bread High Fibre Bread Unit 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 5 kg pkt 5 pkt 400 g 400 g 400 g 8.20 25.87 Dairy Products & Eggs Fresh Milk Condensed Milk Infant Milk Powder Cheese Ice-cream Hen Eggs (continued on next page) Note : Prices may not be strictly comparable with those published earlier due to changes in specifications.42 3.04 20.96 15.89 38.38 13.21 39.10 5.70 7.93 7.01 23.38 1.52 11.50 37.93 21.52 13.02 19.87 0.78 12.22 4.79 35.34 13.21 1.05 19.97 1.45 0.09 9.46 1.06 18.16 1.45 5.51 6.65 7.98 10.70 2.06 19.06 40.06 19.42 1.54 37.12 1.62 6.02 1.83 5.62 12.17 1.24 1.12 21.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.34 37.14 4.36 13.18 1.13 23.41 18.47 15.09 19.17 11.16 1.33 1.88 1.02 13.66 3.04 23.05 0.28 5.56 2.51 5.59 1 litre pkt 397 g tin 1 kg tin Pkt of 12 slices 1.63 Seafood White Pomfret Flowery Grouper Kurau (cut) Gold Banded Scad (kuning) Spanish Mackerel (tenggiri) Golden Snapper Sea Bream (kerisi) Sea Bass Cod Fish Salmon Small Prawns Medium Prawns Large Prawns Squids Fish Balls Per kg Per kg Per kg Per kg Per kg Per kg Per kg Per kg Per kg Per kg Per kg Per kg Per kg Per kg Per 10 17.53 8.87 12.78 1.31 10. 2010 18.05 13.22 6.62 1.42 9.81 1.25 4.96 6.66 4.53 0.40 1.19 33.89 5.69 5.90 15.11 13.92 16.69 2.89 8.18 25.55 8.48 33.70 9.43 1.24 8.59 22.89 8.71 15.75 11.12 4.19 13.96 0.00 22.26 5.87 10.77 0.79 13.97 2.78 20.71 39.99 11.41 1.28 42.49 10.93 7.63 1.05 22.96 15.37 1.46 31.38 1.06 10.52 12.83 5.75 9.51 9.88 1.04 1.98 29.76 15.72 9.61 1.19 Meat & Poultry Chilled Lean Pork Chilled Streaky Pork Chilled Pork Rib Bones Chilled Beef Chilled Mutton Hen Duck Chilled Chicken Wing Per kg Per kg Per kg Per kg Per kg Per kg Per kg Each 7.73 14.53 1.07 12.66 1.33 5.67 20.50 10.63 1.27 6.17 1.41 4.31 0.5 litre tub Per 10 2.23 37.54 16.40 10.43 10.38 12.98 1.73 12.94 35.93 6.65 1.83 13.51 11.73 9.04 1.35 8.50 10.87 1.59 13.27 5.77 9.52 9.59 24.07 19.63 9.15 1.33 1.63 2.39 1.32 5.41 20.86 2.48 6.21 23.84 13.62 2.44 0.18 21.18 4. .63 4.60 10.06 17.82 5.46 12.18 12.71 7.65 1.52 1.

58 2.14 3.50 3.86 2 kg pkt 200 g packaging ½ doz 400 g tin 330 ml can 330 ml can 1.33 0.73 1.36 2.03 3.11 1.30 5.63 6.44 11.52 1.08 2.29 3.84 10.16 1.62 9.95 6. 95 Octane Per litre Petrol.85 1.09 1.43 3.98 0.50 2.34 0.15 0.58 2. 2010 18.39 0.98 6.13 1.34 0.67 9.31 10.79 3.37 0.00 1.21 7.71 0.10 1.46 Other Food and Beverages Sugar Instant Coffee Chicken Extract Food Beverage Beer Aerated Soft Drinks Non-Aerated.88 1.98 1.34 1.05 4.22 7.05 0.00 0. Soft Drinks Petroleum Related Products & Cigarettes Diesel Per litre Petrol.73 1.54 1.4 AVERAGE RETAIL PRICES OF SELECTED ITEMS (continued) Dollars Item Cooking Oil Unit 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2 kg bottle 4.34 0.06 2.55 2.24 7.47 1.59 2.34 0.09 1.76 1. 98 Octane Per litre Petrol.30 1.70 3.64 0.34 1.59 8.17 7.53 2.20 7.72 1.10 1.22 2.27 1.34 0.10 0.35 1.99 0.86 7.31 1.72 1.65 1.13 1. .36 3.33 0.76 15.15 0.82 1.54 1.55 2.37 16.78 4.10 3.70 1.31 2.73 1.35 3.66 2.71 0.56 2.28 4.23 1.35 2.33 0.71 3.31 2.04 16.46 1.86 2.66 2.35 0.62 2.25 1.42 1.51 3.94 1.31 - 0.23 7.54 1.12 1.01 4.62 10.53 1.68 16.76 2.42 2.61 2.62 6 pkts of 250 ml 1.33 1.99 14.72 1.63 1.75 1.16 4.84 Fresh Fruits Papaya Bananas (emas) Watermelon Grapes Orange Apple Pear Per kg Per kg Per kg Per kg Each Each Each 1.79 1.31 1.18 2. 92 Octane Per litre Liquefied Petroleum Gas Per kg Cigarettes 20-stick pack Note : Prices may not be strictly comparable with those published earlier due to changes in specifications.50 1.38 16.75 2.94 1.00 0.43 16.30 1.37 1.96 2.30 6.20 3.76 9.11 0.90 4.17 0.58 1.43 1.71 1.84 1.23 3.62 2.43 3.35 1.48 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.30 2.88 1.63 3.81 Vegetables Cabbage Spinach (bayam) Small Mustard Kale Broccoli Tomatoes Potatoes Carrots Per kg Per kg Per kg Per kg Per kg Per kg Per kg Per kg 1.39 4.73 1.01 2.58 2.15 1.32 0.85 1.54 8.83 1.56 2.44 1.30 1.25 1.41 3.88 2.11 10.84 2.60 1.43 3.34 0.54 1.70 1.79 2.22 0.50 1.04 9.33 0.65 3.74 1.59 3.92 2.33 0.67 8.34 1.

3 41.6 131.0 110.0 100.4 122.1 94.5 93.3 135.6 100.6 105.5 83.0 73.8 98.9 127.855 2.0 100.2 100.4 98.0 96.2 105. 2010 18.5 Chemicals & Chemical Products Organic chemicals Inorganic chemicals Dyes & colours Medicinal products Perfume.9 102.5 140.5 107.1 112.3 107.3 108.7 100.4 4 79. .3 86.6 81.0 100.6 98.6 Animal & Vegetable Oils Animal oils & fats Vegetable oil unprocessed Other animal & vegetable oils 27 1 20 6 103.6 98.3 73.9 104.5 DOMESTIC SUPPLY PRICE INDEX (2006 =100) Item All Items Weights 1 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 10.0 102.2 88.5 93.1 84.1 100.2 76.5 105.6 141.3 109.3 69.7 99.3 106.0 100.1 88.0 100.0 98.7 91.6 105.2 107.2 91.0 100.0 100.7 88.8 100.0 147.0 106.6 98.0 100.6 106.6 101.0 103.0 100.1 99.9 110.3 94.1 133.6 110.1 100.0 100.0 100.5 99.4 98.3 32.7 97.1 95.6 101.0 113.9 92.0 105.0 99.2 106.4 99.2 94.0 113.0 100.7 98.3 91.2 95.4 94.3 86.6 133.8 106.1 104.6 106.9 111.2 100.5 102.6 92.9 102.1 88.5 98.2 99.373 686 53 38 152 67 197 30 150 75.8 92.3 100.0 100.4 85.6 97.6 102.0 100.9 134.9 100.6 77.3 86.2 100.4 126.0 88.7 105.9 128.0 100.6 103.9 139.846 9 32.0 100.9 99.5 98.9 99.4 117.7 118.9 114.9 105.2 100. 1 The weight for each commodity item was proportional to the value of its total supply or availability in the domestic market in 2005.1 92.5 97.7 69.0 100.5 98.6 74.1 98.3 106.0 95.9 91.1 80.3 87.1 104.2 100.7 67.8 116.6 105.8 99.2 109.8 93.6 97.1 99.0 118.6 85.0 100.1 112.9 100.6 133.4 74.7 98.8 144.0 100.5 99.9 52.2 100.3 98.5 103.6 80.9 76.8 130.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.6 109.9 123.0 90.0 100.6 2.6 109. toilet preparations Plastics in primary forms Plastics in non-primary forms Chemical products nes 1.4 86.9 62.9 109.7 97.1 77.8 88.0 95.2 38.7 108.7 88.7 43 96.9 120.3 104.0 100.0 100.4 103.0 100.5 106.1 99.8 99.7 107.6 136.0 100.2 102.0 100.2 99.8 106.3 Beverages & Tobacco Beverages Tobacco & manufactures 54 37 17 89.1 117.9 93.4 85.3 130.5 111.6 107.9 121.0 100.6 82.0 100.000 77.3 100.2 Food Live animals Meat & meat preparations Dairy produce & eggs Fish & fish preparations Cereals & cereal preparations Vegetables & fruits Sugar & sugar preparations Coffee etc & spices Animal feeding stuff Miscellaneous food preparations Mineral Fuels Petroleum & products Gas (continued on next page) Note: The Domestic Supply Price Index measures the change in prices of imported and locally manufactured products retained for use in the economy.3 141.4 100.2 111.8 104.7 103.0 100.6 96.9 95.8 101. nuts & kernels Crude rubber incl synthetic Cork & wood Crude fertilizers & minerals Metallic ores & scrap Crude animal & vegetable materials nes 43 1 4 2 19 13 70.4 96.4 99.9 98.4 83.1 99.5 128.8 77.8 102.4 80.7 109.2 101.8 63.0 123.0 100.8 62.1 84.0 86.4 Crude Materials Oil seeds.3 99.8 308 14 41 41 51 47 34 10 25 2 92.7 81.6 135.2 97.8 112.0 100.0 100.8 106.0 101.1 100.7 93.6 95.6 89.9 100.2 102.

1 7 22 13 35 11 278 64 317 84.5 101.2 97.5 108.2 68.6 96.0 100.0 100.4 104.2 98.5 129. .9 100.7 100.3 100.0 100.5 105.6 102.4 103.0 100.5 95.0 104.0 100.7 101.9 106.0 100.7 100.8 106.7 96. mattresses Travel goods Clothing Footwear Scientific instruments Photographic apparatus Miscellaneous mfd articles nes Weights 1 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 807 8 24 14 98 33 81.6 104.0 110.3 94.7 92.7 100.4 98.9 101.5 102.4 87.2 104.3 101.0 100.3 94.4 99.7 747 96.0 89.9 105.7 101.7 89.3 99.0 97.1 92.3 98.7 131.0 100.1 100.5 115.2 100.0 100.9 94.9 99.4 99.1 97.9 102.9 78.9 101.1 104.3 109.3 104.9 104.7 99.9 114.9 88.5 DOMESTIC SUPPLY PRICE INDEX (continued) (2006 =100) Item Manufactured Goods Leather products nes Rubber manufactures nes Wood & cork manufactures Paper manufactures Textile manufactures Non-metal mineral manufactures Iron & steel Non-ferrous metals Metal manufactures Machinery & Transport Equipment Power generating machinery Industrial machinery Metal working machinery General industrial machinery Office & data machines Telecommunication apparatus Electrical machinery nes Road vehicles Miscellaneous Manufactures Prefab building.2 100.0 100.4 3.0 100.4 98.7 90.0 100. 2010 18.1 92.0 100.4 116.5 106.9 107.4 102.2 114.2 99.9 96.0 100.0 99.0 100.0 98.0 100.3 102.4 96.8 94.0 100.9 101.5 102. 1 The weight for each commodity item was proportional to the value of its total supply or availability in the domestic market in 2005.9 102.3 94.2 109.0 98.2 112.3 99.0 100.8 97.2 102.5 100.737 187 116.4 53.7 101.9 92.0 103.7 66.4 93.8 106.2 103.5 91.0 104.5 103.1 103.0 89.2 99. bedding.9 96.5 104.4 99.7 100.1 79.5 100.2 112.0 129.1 87.9 110.2 73 225 133 199 98.0 100.4 88.0 98.7 143.9 111.0 105.0 107.7 95.7 102.0 107.1 102. lighting Furniture.6 100.7 102.7 100.1 101.0 100.0 102.3 109.6 107.4 97.786 282 81 33 240 782 444 1.6 98.8 111.5 90.8 95.5 81.3 101.6 100.2 76.0 93.0 109.8 98.6 100.0 100.1 100.7 98.7 96.7 101.6 105.8 102.4 96.5 98.4 102.7 103.8 98.1 Note: The Domestic Supply Price Index measures the change in prices of imported and locally manufactured products retained for use in the economy.0 100.3 95.0 102.5 96.6 125.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.3 107.9 100.0 100. sanitary.9 82.5 97.2 107.8 99.3 95.0 100.1 100.7 98.8 103.2 94.

4 84.8 101.5 85.3 99.7 120.8 100.0 100.0 98.3 104.2 184.3 109.9 102.0 100.0 99.3 56.7 100.0 112.4 101.8 98.8 63.8 105.8 87.3 98.0 100.1 98.4 104.1 100.4 93.6 SINGAPORE MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS PRICE INDEX (2006 =100) Item All Items Food Meat & meat preparations Dairy produce & eggs Fish & fish preparations Cereals & cereal preparations Vegetables & fruits Coffee etc & spices Animal feeding stuff Miscellaneous food preparations Beverages & Tobacco Beverages Tobacco & manufactures Crude Materials Cork & wood Crude fertilizers & minerals Metallic ores & scrap Crude animal & vegetable materials nes Mineral Fuels Petroleum & products Gas Animal & Vegetable Oils Animal oils & fats Vegetable oil unprocessed Chemicals & Chemical Products Organic chemicals Inorganic chemicals Dyes & colours Medicinal products Perfume.0 100.8 105.0 86.3 125.9 113.2 103.0 100.3 101.6 97.4 65.6 91.4 87.2 262.8 114.4 104.0 98.0 101.2 114.5 105.2 100.9 88.1 98.4 100.4 133.0 100.1 77.0 103.149 33 34.6 99.0 100.8 120.3 96.7 102.3 101.0 103.3 103.4 105.290 37 44 138 46 377 17 104 66.053 1.5 124.5 97.7 99.0 100.5 108.0 99. .9 100.7 94.0 100.9 99.5 100.9 107.5 90.5 101.1 186 17 32 12 38 5 31 5 96.1 107.0 100.0 96.0 95.1 99.3 121.1 97.9 103.8 82.0 116.0 103.182 2.7 102.5 46.000 90.0 100.9 1 - - - 100.8 96.7 100.0 105.1 38.6 2.6 103.6 47 27 20 77.4 46 99.8 77.1 88.1 103.0 100.6 90.1 85.0 107.8 105.7 100.2 112.0 100.7 103.8 99.0 100.8 97.9 112.5 96.4 101.1 77.9 102.1 132.8 122.0 114.4 151.0 100.6 104.3 83.0 83.8 101.6 78.3 112.9 63.8 103.0 107.6 117.7 66.0 100.2 92.9 97.2 82.3 99.3 102.0 86.0 115.0 100.2 101.8 104.4 97.6 2.7 119.0 100.0 88.2 92.1 86.1 98.8 101.7 100.8 88.3 108.5 100.1 113.4 98.9 100.6 82.0 100.2 85.5 108.4 99.9 101.6 23 1 22 101.6 100.5 93.1 100.3 99.2 101.0 100.3 111.9 114.5 109.2 96.1 100.6 88.8 123.0 102.7 100.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.7 115.1 101.8 100.1 100.4 34.6 99.5 109.9 116.3 77.9 100.9 98.4 152.0 100.3 108.6 98.8 122.7 96.7 158.3 102. 2010 18.7 109.4 127.0 100.7 92.6 132.2 96.5 100.6 214. toilet preparations Plastics in primary forms Plastics in non-primary forms Chemical products nes Weights 1 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 10.0 100.8 95.9 102.8 105.8 65.6 127.0 100.7 105.4 100.4 114.4 (continued on next page) 1 The weights for Singapore Manufactured Products Price Index are compiled based on the production value of the commodity item in 2005.5 105.8 6 1 3 1 85.

498 409 2.4 97.5 107.0 100.2 105.1 87.5 106.0 87.7 100.7 86.0 100.6 92.3 107.9 99.0 95.2 120.510 43 143 38 217 1.0 103.6 95.1 100.0 100.4 96.1 104.1 96.1 199.2 117.8 111.0 100.4 97.0 100.1 98.1 100.0 92.6 106.8 125.0 121.6 99.7 121.7 101.0 100.6 109.0 147.0 135.3 80.0 100.2 103.2 112.126 36 132.0 100.9 98. .4 95.8 96.4 94.3 89.0 117.1 89.5 101.6 111. sanitary.8 97.1 110. bedding.0 99.4 104.0 98.3 119.0 100.5 100.5 100. 2010 18.5 101.3 100.0 91.5 99.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.3 1 The weights for Singapore Manufactured Products Price Index are compiled based on the production value of the commodity item in 2005.0 138.0 100.9 104.5 92.0 100.3 122.0 100.4 96.3 105.7 103.8 91.5 100.1 77.8 99.2 104.3 99. lighting Furniture.1 86.3 147.0 100.0 3 25 1 26 148 23 337 137.7 99.2 100.1 95.2 99.9 108.0 100.0 100.8 101.1 99.5 100.7 106.6 130.0 100.1 97.9 101.8 89.2 100.5 113.8 101.5 110.4 102.0 100.7 119.8 103.6 105.4 97.5 104.8 116.6 75.0 81.0 143.2 98.6 113.5 97.7 107.3 104.0 153.8 76.2 88.0 100.0 100.4 106.0 105.1 95.3 91.2 93. mattresses Travel goods Clothing Scientific instruments Photographic apparatus Miscellaneous mfd articles nes Weights 1 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 430 9 17 11 56 24 94.4 102.9 4.6 103.5 106.0 100.4 100.6 105.3 98.0 100.0 98.1 108.0 100.3 563 106.0 100.1 100.0 98.3 95.1 104.4 99.7 106.9 97.5 98.4 70.6 104.2 88.3 96.0 53 67 25 168 100.5 182.2 99.4 101.7 111.2 104.6 SINGAPORE MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS PRICE INDEX (continued) (2006 =100) Item Manufactured Goods Leather products nes Rubber manufactures nes Wood & cork manufactures Paper manufactures Textile manufactures Non-metal mineral manufactures Iron & steel Non-ferrous metals Metal manufactures Machinery & Transport Equipment Power generating machinery Industrial machinery Metal working machinery General industrial machinery Office & data machines Telecommunication apparatus Electrical machinery nes Road vehicles Miscellaneous Manufactures Prefab building.7 98.9 98.8 105.8 101.5 110.9 104.7 94.0 110.2 100.3 94.1 88.4 111.1 92.3 100.5 59.0 98.9 102.7 100.

4 97.9 Chemicals & Chemical Products Organic chemicals Inorganic chemicals Dyes & colours Medicinal products Perfume.7 112.0 100.7 77.7 97.5 134.9 100. skins and furskins raw Oil seeds.7 98.0 100.9 94.0 100.7 140.5 105.1 101.1 106.0 100.2 104.8 96.2 125.7 144.7 96.0 87.0 100.7 105.1 108.7 98.4 105.9 92.9 31. 2010 18.7 109.1 111.7 77.9 100.0 100.0 100.4 88.4 124.9 162.9 99.0 100.0 107.0 100.3 126.0 203 8 23 28 38 19 35 9 23 2 95.7 100.0 100.4 106.9 75.9 Food Live animals Meat & meat preparations Dairy produce & eggs Fish & fish preparations Cereals & cereal preparations Vegetables & fruits Sugar & sugar preparations Coffee etc & spices Animal feeding stuff Miscellaneous food preparations Mineral Fuels Petroleum & products (continued on next page) 1 The weights for the Import Price Index are compiled based on the value of the commodity item imported in 2005.3 104.5 85.9 98.0 142.9 108.8 132.1 103.9 89.7 Crude Materials Hides.1 100.6 77.2 107.0 100.1 119.4 108.5 100.5 101.3 130.8 101.4 100.9 120.0 99.8 89.0 100.5 109.1 71.9 85.798 31.9 100.0 100.2 105.7 151.9 102.2 100.8 98.3 89.0 100.0 100.1 78.0 85.0 127.0 100.7 132.3 97.5 136.3 87.6 101.2 90. .1 92.2 96.0 102.4 97.7 86.9 62.5 103.0 100.9 18 - 107.0 99.8 99.5 100.9 92.3 106.1 117.2 100.3 100.3 Beverages & Tobacco Beverages Tobacco & manufactures 67 46 21 99.7 100.0 99.4 110.7 106.2 120.5 73.000 85.9 Animal & Vegetable Oils Animal oils & fats Vegetable oil unprocessed Other animal & vegetable oils 15 1 8 6 109.1 104.1 93.1 100.0 98.3 93.7 83.6 99.0 119.0 1.5 73.0 109.9 96.4 145.5 62.5 96.9 102.7 86.6 100.6 68.3 104.3 81.3 100.1 104.5 95.3 104.0 102.3 98.5 101.0 100.7 98.0 73.1 101.1 100.4 110.3 97.2 98.4 86.5 79.4 147.2 127.798 1.5 76.0 100.4 130.5 100.6 99.3 100.0 100.0 118.9 124.2 98.4 97.2 101.0 100.4 104.7 99.6 135.5 70.1 93.5 102.0 100.0 105.3 101.6 101.8 98.4 95.5 112.0 112.9 104.6 111.7 113.2 134.0 95.1 98.5 85.4 127.1 100.6 72.5 110.8 81.2 93.9 92.2 105.2 140.4 99.9 99.0 100.1 95.2 104.1 106.2 80.3 99.6 99.5 104.3 82.2 123.7 91.3 100.7 110.9 117.7 141.0 100.7 98.6 90.2 90.1 101.0 100.4 9 84.8 84.8 100.3 104.3 102.7 95.0 100.8 48.0 100.0 109.6 113.5 126.0 100.2 100.3 102.7 99. nuts & kernels Crude rubber incl synthetic Cork & wood Textile fibres & waste Crude fertilizers & minerals Metallic ores & scrap Crude animal & vegetable materials nes 66 2 1 18 7 3 15 11 63.0 116.0 100.4 97.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.7 IMPORT PRICE INDEX (2006 =100) Item All Items Weights 1 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 10.4 81.9 96.8 101.7 91.0 100.7 77.0 97. toilet preparations Plastics in primary forms Plastics in non-primary forms Chemical products nes 631 192 32 36 81 70 82 32 106 87.9 106.6 85.0 97.5 95.0 100.6 95.5 116.4 98.2 102.6 117.0 100.0 82.3 39.6 102.5 100.

0 102.7 97.0 100.1 96.0 100.3 105.1 103.3 101.2 88.2 76.4 97. .9 106.1 96.4 95.8 100.2 96.0 100.7 96.1 98.0 98.8 103.3 100.0 100.4 106.8 95.0 100.0 100.2 102.3 107. mattresses Travel goods Clothing Footwear Scientific instruments Photographic apparatus Miscellaneous mfd articles nes Weights 1 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 761 5 32 10 49 53 76.0 100.0 100.6 91.803 206 111.9 101.4 97.4 100.8 100.0 93.9 103.2 101.4 89.4 104.8 101.5 96.7 101.2 100.1 104.9 105.6 102.7 101.0 105.9 107.6 87.8 99.7 97.9 98.7 101.3 102.0 105.1 5.8 107.9 99.4 99.0 100.6 97.7 102.9 96.6 96.0 100.1 94.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.9 97.9 151 182 136 143 98.5 109.1 100.0 100.5 104.4 101.0 100.3 106.9 95.3 100. 2010 18.0 100.6 105.6 95.1 102.2 93.9 99.5 124.0 51.4 100.0 100.1 102.7 110. lighting Furniture.0 1 The weights for the Import Price Index are compiled based on the value of the commodity item imported in 2005.8 102.2 102.0 106.9 102.7 95.6 103.0 101.0 99.3 104.7 87.8 76.2 103.9 107.9 105.0 102.9 118.3 96.6 108.5 104.653 261 299 54 310 1.6 94.8 99.5 111.5 93.1 108.4 105.0 100.3 100.8 88.0 98.1 102.4 101.9 806 97.4 102.4 88.6 102.0 100.2 109.8 98.6 60.8 97.3 65.0 101.035 685 2.0 100.2 100. sanitary.3 104.9 98.8 102.3 99.2 85.1 112.6 95.7 99.1 141.6 98.0 103.8 93.4 109.3 100.3 115.0 103.8 91.7 105.7 IMPORT PRICE INDEX (continued) (2006 =100) Item Manufactured Goods Leather products nes Rubber manufactures nes Wood & cork manufactures Paper manufactures Textile manufactures Non-metal mineral manufactures Iron & steel Non-ferrous metals Metal manufactures Machinery & Transport Equipment Power generating machinery Industrial machinery Metal working machinery General industrial machinery Office & data machines Telecommunication apparatus Electrical machinery nes Road vehicles Miscellaneous Manufactures Prefab building.7 100.4 94.5 101.1 102.0 104.7 100.2 103.1 102.7 135.0 100.8 102.3 74.7 102.6 98. bedding.0 100.0 91.4 100.1 10 22 16 108 15 246 130 259 86.2 72.0 100.7 99.0 100.0 100.1 107.5 92.6 75.2 104.3 85.4 92.7 100.8 89.4 101.0 99.4 101.8 99.0 100.3 98.2 98.8 98.1 100.4 100.

1 101.6 138.0 100.0 90.0 100.0 104.7 87.5 105.0 116.1 97.9 105.9 118.2 102.0 139. toilet preparations Plastics in primary forms Plastics in non-primary forms Chemical products nes 1.7 107.500 18 32.5 145.0 119.3 140.2 98.9 Crude Materials Hides.0 100.2 93.6 92.0 100.0 100.9 83.4 100.4 94.8 102.8 100.4 105.7 157.5 97.0 95.1 100.6 366.0 100.2 100.2 90.7 156.9 111.2 98.3 94.0 96.0 100.3 84.0 102.0 100.1 98.0 98.0 114.2 115.0 96.3 102 1 10 18 14 8 3 24 4 100.1 105.0 100.6 106.9 107.2 63.6 88.7 96.0 100.8 80.0 100.6 95.0 92.6 100.4 103.3 92.1 79.153 543 11 47 130 73 235 23 91 77.9 85.0 100.6 96.9 146.9 126.7 1.7 97.2 113.7 109.5 107.0 100.0 100.9 102.3 Beverages & Tobacco Beverages Tobacco & manufactures 54 34 20 90.5 94.5 102.0 100.1 98.3 107.0 94.3 99.8 99.0 100.9 92.1 100.2 115.5 81.0 100.1 96.9 116.2 104.9 117.9 123.2 105.4 91.6 140.9 142.2 99.2 123.6 Food Meat & meat preparations Dairy produce & eggs Fish & fish preparations Cereals & cereal preparations Vegetables & fruits Sugar & sugar preparations Coffee etc & spices Animal feeding stuff Miscellaneous food preparations Mineral Fuels Petroleum & products Gas (continued on next page) 1 The weights for the Export Price Index are compiled based on the value of the commodity item exported in 2005.6 102.3 120.6 99.9 121.6 99.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.6 89.5 88.1 64.4 101.5 131.6 115.9 6 80.8 98.6 120.1 112.5 99.0 109.9 100.0 100.2 81.8 EXPORT PRICE INDEX (2006 =100) Item All Items Weights 1 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 10.7 123.3 109.5 115.3 117.7 72.1 144.1 32.1 66.3 119.8 92.0 100.1 95.1 85.3 114.9 42.8 85.1 111.8 92.9 96.6 99.6 99.0 100.1 106.0 100.0 102.0 100.9 83.5 96.3 84.0 100.8 92.6 101.4 86.5 112. skins and furskins raw Crude rubber incl synthetic Cork & wood Pulp & waste paper Textile fibres & waste Crude fertilizers & minerals Metallic ores & scrap Crude animal & vegetable materials nes 60 2 14 5 4 3 5 21 51.4 78.5 87.1 107.0 98.7 91.4 122.8 100.3 93.0 100.8 Chemicals & Chemical Products Organic chemicals Inorganic chemicals Dyes & colours Medicinal products Perfume.6 85.0 100.9 92.0 95.0 90.5 34.2 100.0 100.0 116.1 20 89.9 100.0 117.5 103.5 86.2 93.1 104.8 103.3 97.6 93.3 108.4 69.000 107.5 103.7 93.9 Animal & Vegetable Oils Animal oils & fats Vegetable oil unprocessed Other animal & vegetable oils 11 1 7 3 97.6 68.7 101.7 103.0 108.6 89.0 101.5 92.1 105.0 100.0 102.7 134.9 253. 2010 18.0 100.7 99.0 100.0 91.9 69.7 90.518 1.9 98.6 101.9 85.0 105.8 111.8 90.3 114.0 107.2 104.2 71.3 100.1 100.5 100.7 102.0 77.1 93.4 73.9 64.1 102.1 37.4 124.6 100.0 104.0 63.9 85.0 100.0 100.0 95.6 91.7 105.3 104. .5 89.1 94.1 123.6 140.4 96.1 99.6 100.0 102.0 111.0 101.8 103.0 100.0 100.3 135.5 98.6 97.

8 80.2 90.2 95.2 99.8 76.1 99.4 109.7 96. bedding.0 100.5 84.5 100.6 99.7 99.2 96.7 94.4 116.8 689 106.5 101.6 107.1 81.0 107.7 111.9 118.1 130.1 95.447 699 2.0 100.6 114.1 100.0 93.7 88.7 99.0 100.8 100.5 100.4 100.8 101.1 102.0 180.9 98.4 104.7 110.0 100.3 1 The weights for the Export Price Index are compiled based on the value of the commodity item exported in 2005.8 96.0 100.2 96.8 101.0 104.0 96.0 100.0 92.1 84.5 82.2 96.6 95.8 103.0 100.1 103.9 108.2 105.6 96.0 100.8 100.0 105.3 99.0 100.8 95.1 107.4 100.2 97.0 102.0 93.0 91.0 100.8 114.6 78.0 100.0 100.8 101.7 107.7 97.4 98.0 99.1 87.9 93.8 172. 2010 18.0 100.4 100.6 97.3 97.2 102.2 108. sanitary.0 97.9 5.7 96. .8 102.4 133.7 103.5 102.5 96.6 89.0 100.2 100.0 91.1 98.7 101.6 96.5 94.6 100.5 98.5 98.3 101.0 100.0 100.4 55.9 125.0 100.7 97.5 84.8 100.0 91.5 99.8 99.2 104.6 123.3 100.3 83.1 95.8 111.0 100.7 25 105 96 115 94.3 99.7 103.9 110.2 100.9 102.3 97.9 101.4 103.5 79.3 108.9 102.3 98.0 100.1 102.7 135.2 104.1 96.7 102.6 109.1 112.7 100.952 120 157.0 100.0 95.8 105.3 100.1 102.6 105.3 98.6 100.4 99.6 109.8 98.0 97.6 103.3 100. mattresses Travel goods Clothing Footwear Scientific instruments Photographic apparatus Miscellaneous mfd articles nes Weights 1 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 463 6 32 5 31 48 84.6 97.950 138 263 59 272 1.7 106.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.0 115.0 102.9 90.0 103.3 89.2 112.4 94.0 100.3 101.2 81.3 112.1 104.8 111.8 65.2 103.1 72.0 100.1 89.3 100.3 99.8 EXPORT PRICE INDEX (continued) (2006 =100) Item Manufactured Goods Leather products nes Rubber manufactures nes Wood & cork manufactures Paper manufactures Textile manufactures Non-metal mineral manufactures Iron & steel Non-ferrous metals Metal manufactures Machinery & Transport Equipment Power generating machinery Industrial machinery Metal working machinery General industrial machinery Office & data machines Telecommunication apparatus Electrical machinery nes Road vehicles Miscellaneous Manufactures Prefab building. lighting Furniture.0 100.6 5 7 8 75 8 179 99 308 77.8 104.0 95.3 102.7 100.1 107.6 99.

the market prices are based on non-fixed price contracts.30 12.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore. 3 Prior to 2007. . the market prices of steel bars are based on fixed price supply contracts with contract period of 6 months or less.21 103. 2010 18. With effect from March 2009.63 765.58 31.77 36.68 Concreting Sand 2 $/Tonne 11.40 738.95 $/m 3 62.74 24.57 16.64 72.97 29.71 19.9 CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL MARKET PRICES Material Cement in bulk (Ordinary Portland Cement) Unit 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 $/Tonne 76.02 100.79 866. With effect from 2007.29 16.400. the market prices of granite and concreting sand exclude delivery charges.96 122.93 125.08 14.99 138.08 1.87 85. market prices are based on "Grade 30 Normal".20 88. 2 With effect from 1 January 2007.80 Granite (20 mm Aggregate) $/Tonne 12.85 104.63 45. market prices are based on "Grade 35 Pump".73 Steel Bars 1 (20 mm High Tensile) 2 Ready Mixed Concrete 3 Source : Building and Construction Authority 1 With effect from January 2009.44 730.23 $/Tonne 863.09 73.

4 114.1 87.7 151.8 Non-landed Apartment Condominium 133.11 COMMERCIAL PROPERTY RENTAL INDEX BY TYPE OF PROPERTY (4th Quarter 1998 = 100) (End of Period) Type of Property 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Office Space Central Region Central Area Fringe Area 90.0 86.9 107.6 144.7 90.3 125.3 126.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.6 98.1 86.5 157.8 78.1 137.7 76.4 175.4 98.0 94. The weights used to compute the index are updated every quarter from 4th Quarter 1998.1 130.2 79.8 135.8 122.9 172.5 102.6 76.1 161.6 132.0 105. .7 135.4 128.7 163.1 112.10 PRIVATE PROPERTY PRICE INDEX BY TYPE OF PROPERTY (4th Quarter 1998 = 100) (End of Period) Type of Property 1999 Residential 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 134.2 109.8 185.5 112. 2010 18.5 92.4 134.8 94.5 171.9 80.7 81.4 91.7 80.3 105.0 92.5 132.5 112.2 86.9 86.5 76.4 76.4 96.3 78.2 130.9 78.2 158.1 Shop Space Central Region Central Area Fringe Area Source : Urban Redevelopment Authority Note : Data refer to properties owned by the private sector.6 94.8 118.7 110.9 131.6 93.5 91.6 116.9 114.6 92.3 166.5 115.6 100.9 139.7 82.4 175.2 113.3 105.6 122.9 116.8 149.7 118.3 192.3 116.6 145.0 110.8 122.5 89.2 114.0 113.1 116.5 92.5 90.8 115.1 162.8 179.4 154.0 85.6 114.4 120.8 167.3 141.0 89.2 99.9 117.8 162.4 100.3 73.5 117.8 162.8 165.3 101.3 97.9 107. 18.2 116.7 145.1 180.4 140.3 92.1 174.8 105.2 170.0 113.7 90.8 93.1 93.1 Commercial Office Space Shop Space Industrial Multiple-user Factory Multiple-user Warehouse Source : Urban Redevelopment Authority Note : The weights used to compute the index are updated every quarter from 4th Quarter 1998.2 122.2 165.5 113.7 Landed Detached Semi-detached Terrace 135.5 119.4 147.1 162.5 94.3 118.

5 138.5 142.12 PRICE INDICES OF NON-LANDED PRIVATE RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES BY LOCALITY AND COMPLETION STATUS (4th Quarter 1998 = 100) 1 (End of Period) 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 116.1 143.9 112. Downtown Core and Sentosa.8 145. Downtown Core and Sentosa.7 116.7 160. 2 Refer to Postal Districts 9.2 158.9 145. Note : Map of Central Region and areas in Core Central Region are available in the Urban Redevelopment Authority's website.5 113. 2010 18.3 110.7 144.9 131.2 159.1 128.8 144.1 118.3 117.4 168.4 139.1 108.6 128. 11.8 191.6 172. 10.0 132.4 111.3 210.3 126.2 105. 3 Refer to Central Region outside postal districts 9.2 111.3 156.5 123.7 153.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.8 114.6 120.6 109.2 183.4 180. 10.9 102. .5 177.0 160.6 149.3 120.0 117. 11.6 168.8 150.5 107.2 155.0 120.6 115.8 165.3 Core Central Region 2 All Uncompleted Completed 1 Rest of Central Region 3 All Uncompleted Completed 1 Outside Central Region All Uncompleted Completed 1 Source : Urban Redevelopment Authority 1 A building project is deemed completed when the Certificate of Statutory Completion (CSC) in respect of that building is issued by the Commissioner of Building Control and the title of all the units in the project has been transferred to the purchasers.5 194.5 102.

EDUCATION .

and their Mother Tongue. students in the EM3 stream take all academic subjects at the Foundation level. ability and inclination. A cornerstone of Singapore’s education system is the bilingual policy. “Teach Less. Upon completion of their primary education. with major national examinations at the end of the primary. Mother Tongue and Mathematics. Chinese or Tamil. At the end of Primary 6. and develop a passion for life-long learning. and schools were given the autonomy to band their pupils by ability. To allow a greater range of student achievements and talents to be recognised. Health Education and Physical Education. which assesses their suitability for secondary education and places them in the appropriate secondary school course that will match their learning pace. Music. skills and values that prepare them for life. Learn More” (TLLM) was a call for all educators to teach better. In addition. With Subject-based Banding. In recent years. students can take a mix of Standard or Foundation subjects depending on their aptitude in each subject. Secondary Education At the secondary level. students take the Primary School Leaving Examination (PSLE). It allows each child to learn English and his Mother Tongue. selected secondary schools. polytechnics and universities have the flexibility to admit a percentage of their intake using school-based criteria in the direct or discretionary admission exercises. students learn Science. which could be Malay. aimed at providing students with greater flexibility and choice. There are opportunities for every child in Singapore to undergo at least ten years of general education. realise their full potential.19 EDUCATION Singapore's education system aims to nurture every child and help all students discover their talents. primary schools have introduced Subject-based Banding to replace the EM3 stream. . while students in the merged stream1 take all academic subjects at the Standard level. Since 2003. Civics & Moral Education. students can choose from a range of education institutions and programmes that cater to different strengths and interests. to the best of his abilities. Learning Nation” (TSLN) — adopted in 1997 as Singapore’s vision in education — describes a nation of thinking and committed citizens capable of meeting the challenges of the future. Under the previous system of streaming. junior colleges. students go through a six-year course aimed at giving them a good grasp of English. in ways that add the most educational value. Starting from the 2008 Primary 5 cohort. and equip students with the knowledge. improve the quality of interaction between teachers and students. Art & Crafts. This enables children to be proficient in English. and an education system geared to the needs of the 21st century. which is the language of commerce. Primary Education At the primary level. students undergo one of three courses designed to match their learning abilities and interests: 1 From 2004. technology and administration. secondary and junior college years. They are also encouraged to participate in CoCurricular Activities (CCAs) and Community Involvement Programme (CIP). “Thinking Schools. the language of their cultural heritage. Social Studies. The school system features a national curriculum. Singapore has also moved towards a more flexible and diverse education system. the distinction between the EM1 and EM2 streams was removed. Singapore has also focused on nurturing a spirit of Innovation and Enterprise (I&E) among students and teachers.

Since 2005. Graduates of the school can progress to further education at the ITE. Selected schools also offer alternative curricula and qualifications (e. students learn English. digital animation and precision engineering. and could do well in a less structured environment. may opt for the Integrated Programme (IP). The Singapore Sports School started in 2004 while School of the Arts was opened in January 2008. To enhance experiential and practice-oriented learning. International Baccalaureate). Integrated Programme Students who are clearly universitybound. schools have also been offering Elective Modules.19 EDUCATION (cont’d) The Express Course is a four-year course leading to the Singapore-Cambridge General Certificate of Education Ordinary Level (GCE ‘O’ Level) Examination. Students who do well enough in their ‘N’ levels to meet the criteria for progression to Secondary 5 will also be given the additional option of enrolling in a new curriculum track comprising direct entry to Higher National ITE Certificate (Higher Nitec) courses at the Institute of Technical Education (ITE). In this course. as well as Mathematics. and the arts to allow such students to further develop their talents with customised curriculum. Science and the Humanities. Assumption Vocational Institute. To better cater to students who can benefit from a more customised and vocational curriculum. Selected students may offer ‘O’ level subjects at Secondary 4. The NUS High . students learn English and Mother Tongue. The introduction of Applied Subjects will allow students to benefit from being exposed to applied learning options in their secondary school years. These new Applied Subjects will be reflected in the students’ GCE ‘O’ level Examination Certificates and will be recognised for admission into Junior Colleges and Polytechnics. a revised Normal (Technical) curriculum has been implemented in all schools from 2007. Mother Tongue. students learn a range of subjects similar to those in the Express Course. or bypass the ‘N’ levels and progress directly to Secondary 5 to take the ‘O’ levels. In this course. Mathematics and subjects with technical or practical emphases. In this course. The school offers a three. Upper secondary students in participating schools are eligible to offer these modules. secondary schools have also partnered the polytechnics to offer new ‘O’ level subjects in applied disciplines. employment or apprenticeship with the industries. hospitality.g. The Normal (Academic) Course is a four-year course leading to the GCE Normal Level (‘N’ Level) Examination. The Normal (Technical) Course is a four-year course leading to the GCE ‘N’ Level Examination. which spans secondary and junior college education without intermediate national examinations at the end of secondary school. NorthLight School was established. In 2009. Starting January 2008.or four-year enhanced vocational programme. Specialised Independent Schools (SIS) have been set up to cater to students who are talented in sports. the remaining vocational training centre. Students who do well at the ‘N’ levels will qualify for an additional year to prepare for the ‘O’ levels. to allow students to experience and benefit from practiceoriented learning in fields as diverse as digital media and entrepreneurship. Specialised Independent Schools Since 2006. was remodeled to form the Assumption Pathway School to offer a similar vocational programme. Time previously used to prepare students for the GCE ‘O’ Level Examination would be used to engage them in broader learning experiences. which cover a wide range of subjects including nursing. secondary schools have also been offering Advanced Elective Modules in collaboration with polytechnics. mathematics and science.

skills training and academic education programmes are offered. students can enter a junior college for a twoyear pre-university course or a centralised institute for a three-year course. Adult learners may choose from a range of Master Nitec.19 EDUCATION (cont’d) School of Mathematics and Science which opened in 2005. however. Employees can also undergo OJT in companies that are Certified OJT Centres. dance. For adult learners who wish to upgrade themselves academically. At ITE. Traineeship is an ‘earn-as-you-learn’ scheme for secondary school leavers. Full-time programmes. industry training centres or companies certified by ITE as Approved Training Centres. The programmes are offered in modules of six months’ duration. design & media. In 2010. a new SIS. business & services. Nitec and ITE Skills Certificate (ISC) programmes to upgrade their skills. Off-JT. It has two training components. OJT is conducted by the company on its premises. In addition. as well as part-time education and skills training for adult learners. could be provided by ITE. . students sit for the GCE Advanced Level (‘A’ Level) Examination. info-communications technology and applied & health sciences. full-time training and traineeship programmes are offered to school leavers with GCE ‘O’ and ‘N’ qualifications. For adult learners. Those who have acquired the Nitec/Higher Nitec qualification may continue to update their skills and knowledge through the Post-Nitec programmes. Students interested in technical and commercial studies can enrol in the polytechnics or the Institute of Technical Education (ITE). providing preemployment training for secondary school leavers. Post-Secondary Education On completing secondary education. giving adult learners the flexibility to sign up for training based on their needs. Higher Nitec. Institute of Technical Education The Institute of Technical Education (ITE) was established on 1 April 1992 as a post-secondary institution. the School for Science and Technology was set up to provide capable students with a strong foundation in both academic and applied learning. provides a six-year education with students graduating with the school’s own diploma. which lead to the award of the Higher National ITE Certificate (Higher Nitec) and National ITE Certificate (Nitec). At the end of the pre-university course. interior design and fashion design. theatre. ITE conducts skills evaluation tests for public candidates and instructional skills and related programmes for industry trainers. namely On-the-Job Training (OJT) and Off-the-Job Training (OffJT). are offered in the areas of engineering. Students interested in the creative arts can choose to enrol in the LASALLE College of the Arts or the Nanyang Academy of Fine Arts which offer diploma programmes in Visual and Performing Arts. ITE offers part-time General Education Programme from Secondary One Normal to GCE ‘N’ and GCE ‘O’ levels. These are funded by the Ministry of Education and include programmes in music. Polytechnic graduates who do well may pursue degree courses at the universities while ITE graduates who perform well may pursue diploma courses at the polytechnics.

Nanyang Technological University (NTU) is a research-intensive university with globally-acknowledged strengths in science and engineering. offer higher degree courses only. quantum information and technology. and School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering)  College of Business (comprising Nanyang Business School)  College of Science (comprising School of Biological Sciences. NTI was inaugurated as NTU with the absorption of the National Institute of Education. NUS Graduate School for Integrative Sciences and Engineering. Law. Medicine and Science. maritime research and transportation. The National University of Singapore (NUS) was established in August 1980 with the merger of the University of Singapore (founded in 1962) and Nanyang University (founded in 1955). Higher Learning The institutions of higher learning in Singapore are the National University of Singapore. Ngee Ann Polytechnic. Nanyang Technological Institute (NTI) was established on the premises of the former Nanyang University. and School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences)  College of Humanities. The university has roots that go back to 1955 when Nanyang University was set up. These include translational medicine.19 EDUCATION (cont’d) The Basic Education for Skills Training (BEST) Programme and the Worker Improvement through Secondary Education (WISE) Programme were phased out from December 2008 and February 2009 respectively. interactive and digital media. Design and Media. In 1991. Nanyang Polytechnic and Republic Polytechnic. environment and water technology. School of Computer Engineering. Singapore Management University. There is also a teaching institute known as the Institute of Systems Science. and Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information) . Engineering. Dentistry. Singapore Polytechnic. School of Civil and Environmental Engineering. NUS has 14 faculties/schools. Business. Nanyang Technological University (including National Institute of Education). School of Humanities and Social Sciences. and three autonomous entities:  College of Engineering (comprising School of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering. Computing. In 1981. and Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy. Temasek Polytechnic. School of Materials Science and Engineering. of which nine offer courses leading to first degrees and higher degrees. nanoscience and nanotechnology. Arts & Social Sciences (comprising School of Art. The alumni rolls of the former Nanyang University were transferred to NTU in 1996. Design and Environment. They are namely: Arts and Social Sciences. NUS has also research institutes and research and advanced strategic importance development established centres to training in to the specialist promote areas of nation’s development. The Yong Siew Toh Conservatory of Music offers Graduate Diploma programmes in addition to courses leading to first degrees while the other three schools: Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore. The University is organised into four colleges with 12 schools. logistics and supply chain management. School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering. and defence-related research.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) and Doctor of Education (EdD) degrees. Doctor of Philosophy and graduate diplomas. Nanyang Institute for Engineering in Medicine. Law. NTU also has links with over 370 overseas universities and institutes leading to joint education and research programmes. articulate and business savvy. Heads of Departments and other school leaders. master’s and PhD degree programmes in business and management-related areas. NTU has set up the Earth Observatory of Singapore. Nanyang Environment and Water Research Institute. formed on 1 July 1991 through the amalgamation of the Institute of Education and the College of Physical Education. It is known for grooming outstanding business leaders and creative entrepreneurs who are confident. Institute of Catastrophe Risk Management. Institute of Sustainable and Applied Infodynamics. high impact research that is industry-relevant.19  EDUCATION (cont’d) National Institute of Education. Energy Research Institute at NTU. became part of NTU on the same day. The Master of Education programme has 18 specialisations while the EdD is a Dual Award Degree with the Institute of Education. Economics. Wealth Management. Singapore Centre on Environmental Life Sciences Engineering. The university emphasizes an active student life on its city campus and provides many opportunities for overseas exposure. There is also a wide range of professional development programmes for serving teachers and executive leadership programmes for Principals. The Singapore Management University (SMU) is Singapore’s first private university to offer an American-style university education. University of London. in various fields ranging from biomedical devices and ecommerce to IT. NTU has seen over 40 companies started up to commercialise technologies developed at NTU. . and part-time Bachelor of Education Programme as well as one-year/two-year Diploma in Education and Diploma in Physical Education Programmes for those with GCE ‘A’ Level and Polytechnic Diploma qualifications. SMU adopts a unique pedagogy of broadbased learning and interactive seminar-style teaching in small classes while producing multidisciplinary. To facilitate multi-disciplinary research and advanced training. School of Accountancy. the university comprises six schools: Lee Kong Chian School of Business. It is a mid-sized university comprising more than 7. Information Systems to Social Science. In addition to initial teacher preparation programmes. It also offers the Postgraduate Diploma in Education Programme for university graduates. Finance. S Rajaratnam School of International Studies and the Earth Observatory of Singapore The schools offer undergraduate programmes as well as a range of graduate programmes leading to the degrees of Master. NIE also offers over 30 other programmes leading to Master’s. NIE provides professional training for teachers as well as the study of a wide range of academic subjects. Modeled after the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. as well as interactions among faculty and students. Nanyang Centre for Public Administration. NIE offers four-year Bachelor of Arts (Education) and Bachelor of Science (Education) programmes. School of Economics. and a structural genomics laboratory.000 undergraduate and postgraduate students. NTU has also started a life sciences graduate school at its one-north campus since January 2009. With its focus on pioneering innovative and reliable homegrown technologies. The National Institute of Education (NIE). Institute for Media Innovation. ranging from Accountancy. School of Information Systems and School of Law. SMU offers bachelor’s. School of Social Sciences. electronics and environmental sciences.

in addition to various courses in engineering (aeronautical.19 EDUCATION (cont’d) Polytechnics: There are five polytechnics offering a wide range of courses at diploma and advanced diploma levels. library studies. media and communication. They are the Singapore Polytechnic. Nanyang Polytechnic and Republic Polytechnic. Each polytechnic specialises in specific fields. police studies and security management. Ngee Ann Polytechnic. tourism and hospitality hospitality management. applied drama. design. management. civil and structural. sonography. Some courses are conducted on a part-time basis for working adults. mechanical & manufacturing). insurance practice and preschool education. maritime studies. electronics. business. Temasek Polytechnic. publishing. accountancy. law and management. chemical & life sciences and other sciences. cardiac technology. . electrical. arts. health sciences and psychology studies. performing humanities and information technology. optometry. The specialised fields include architectural studies.

Institute of Technical Education.063 215.600 285.676 4.619 688.494 880 1.984 2.934 1. Ngee Ann Polytechnic.582 12.710 38. 4 Refers to full-time and part-time undergraduate and postgraduate students in National University of Singapore.518 13.930 2.577 1.070 1 4. Nanyang Polytechnic and Republic Polytechnic.057 520 5 80.067 7.627 32. Nanyang Polytechnic and Republic Polytechnic. and upper secondary & junior college (S3-JC2). 2 With effect from 2000 onwards. 2 Refer to institutions that offer multiple educational levels.710 Pre-University 1 Institute of Technical Education Polytechnics 2 3 National Institute of Education Universities 4 Source : Ministry of Education.034 4. Ngee Ann Polytechnic. 2010 19.988 970 Institute of Technical Education 4 Polytechnics 5 National Institute of Education Universities Source : 6 Ministry of Education. 3 Refers to students in full-time and part-time polytechnic diploma and advanced diploma courses offered by Singapore Polytechnic. National Institute of Education.078 Secondary Schools 154 199.719 367.2 STUDENTS AND TEACHERS IN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS. 2 Students Teachers Total Males Females Total Males Females Total 366 704.104 137.746 69.485 16.390 19.860 2. figures refer to full-time average student enrolment.717 Primary Schools 172 265. 5 Refer to Singapore Polytechnic.959 296.774 704.317 3.317 34.1 ENROLMENT IN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS Number 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total 621. National Institute of Education.367 24.855 22. Ngee Ann Polytechnic.954 23.844 1.393 3.409 101. namely: primary & secondary (P1-S4/5). Nanyang Technological University and Singapore Management University.534 213.379 76. Temasek Polytechnic.990 680.846 16. Temasek Polytechnic. Nanyang Polytechnic.117 704. Nanyang Polytechnic.469 19.465 24.310 700.846 57.042 3. Note : Data for primary.437 1. Singapore Polytechnic. Prior to 2000.062 217.348 4.726 31. Temasek Polytechnic. secondary and pre-university exclude private schools. data refer to full-time peak student enrolment.066 4.254 Secondary Schools 172. 6 Refer to National University of Singapore.155 37.232 675.028 72.515 41. National University of Singapore. Notes : Figures for primary. Figures for institutions of higher learning include part-time students and teachers.094 15.419 290.110 16.081 217.579 32. Singapore Polytechnic.614 Pre-University 3 13 20.031 64.002 8.719 Primary Schools 299.958 2. Nanyang Technological University and Singapore Management University.097 218. 3 Includes Centralised Institutes and Junior Colleges. .635 3. secondary and pre-university exclude private schools.756 80.272 272. 1 Figure for ITE refers to ITE colleges.230 24. secondary & junior college (S1-JC2).901 30.048 279.934 47. Republic Polytechnic. Nanyang Technological University and Singapore Management University.480 4. Institute of Technical Education. National University of Singapore.207 20.447 5.126 62.681 28.204 337. 19.277 754 370 384 3 72. Nanyang Technological University and Singapore Management University. Republic Polytechnic.918 65.347 57.612 9.422 67.635 43.834 24.493 2. 1 Includes Centralised Institutes and Junior Colleges. Ngee Ann Polytechnic.377 25.415 11.827 97.441 62.822 740 1.261 284.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore. Temasek Polytechnic.082 3 24.175 11.076 59. 4 Data refer to full-time teaching staff and students.999 Mixed Levels 2 15 36. 2009 Number Institutions 1.259 213.667 72.657 3.586 127.

314 50.574 49.124 43.494 49.254 49.837 48.784 50.832 49.854 1.655 47.966 1.217 50.652 47.348 49.229 447 46.248 422 41.538 44.765 48.360 2.837 43.994 45.983 49.146 42.048 279.789 48.158 48.607 48.697 49.006 49.272 42.209 349 46.261 284.471 48.502 48.762 47.019 44.655 43.147 47.454 47.285 53.124 47.531 46.138 1.040 426 Level Primary 1 Primary 2 Primary 3 Primary 4 Primary 5 Primary 6 Age (in years) Under 7 7 & Under 8 8 & Under 9 9 & Under 10 10 & Under 11 11 & Under 12 12 & Under 13 13 & Under 14 14 & Over Source : Ministry of Education .3 ENROLMENT IN GOVERNMENT AND GOVERNMENT-AIDED PRIMARY SCHOOLS BY LEVEL AND AGE Number Total 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 299.276 2.368 49.218 45.083 42.939 2.964 44.419 290.548 47.274 44.010 51.690 43.070 49.926 48.618 49.833 45.189 47.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.753 50.399 50.272 272.044 2.146 48.138 44.114 49.729 43. 2010 19.914 43.450 1.404 1.902 49.929 50.275 458 42.035 49.585 2.132 48.327 48.345 49.895 43.367 48.370 44.703 48.492 47.489 42.720 49.395 1.851 44.124 433 42.200 44.793 49.257 49.905 49.917 3.388 51.058 482 41.307 50.941 52.753 53.256 48.356 1.600 285.948 2.880 47.959 296.

010 4.257 6.553 52.309 52.856 14.357 6.781 12.014 6.083 30.302 22.060 2.747 13.638 26.899 6.014 51.262 26.991 29.093 53.660 4.473 13.629 26.164 10.596 7.396 11.919 4.894 26.964 245.803 48.333 6.164 9.689 249.043 31.768 12.186 4.327 47.366 2.379 26.910 4.541 28.673 50.411 3.427 30.253 2.105 40.973 12.830 4.434 50.478 12.530 50.230 4.871 4.688 27.561 9.070 186 Total Level Junior College 1 / Pre-U 1 Junior College 2 / Pre-U 2 Pre-U 3 Age (in years) Under 12 12 & Under 13 13 & Under 14 14 & Under 15 15 & Under 16 16 & Under 17 17 & Under 18 18 & Under 19 19 & Under 20 20 & Over Source : Ministry of Education Note : Starting from the Secondary 1 students in 2008.839 10.173 12.873 12.094 9.363 48.772 4.124 4.156 14.439 Secondary 3 Special Express Normal (Academic) Normal (Technical) 42.841 21.676 966 143 13 46.423 320 16.493 14.687 4.683 52.167 6.238 749 114 9 46.557 4.848 4. the Special and Express Courses have been merged into "Express Course".605 9.214 30.856 4.000 246 16.155 27.819 51.930 24.557 6.600 54.258 324 17.269 605 102 11 47.843 3.585 49.310 50.998 23.981 7.775 3.648 13.080 391 16.957 47.003 51.751 28.938 3.343 38.4 ENROLMENT IN GOVERNMENT AND GOVERNMENT-AIDED SECONDARY SCHOOLS AND JUNIOR COLLEGES BY LEVEL AND AGE Number 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 197.906 4.168 48.259 41.764 27.959 13.774 53.696 26.316 26.893 53.395 14.191 6.284 18.995 28.771 13.557 4.816 28.535 27.684 Secondary 5 Normal (Academic) 8.228 8.325 50.632 50.552 49.788 50.536 51.489 6.027 5.852 11.329 6.932 6.435 11.739 15.228 8.026 4.541 13.014 357 44 36.077 51.117 18.969 2.419 7.542 12.626 28.514 12.605 9.462 4.093 238.947 8.384 15.370 25.238 27.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.094 8.276 9.923 Secondary 4 Special Express Normal (Academic) Normal (Technical) 39.239 48.277 50.281 574 104 13 47. 2010 19.478 9.282 6.786 Secondary 2 Special Express Normal (Academic) Normal (Technical) 42.479 6.451 49.009 19.028 9.561 9.949 17.027 1.440 4.328 51.118 50.481 6.856 11.144 15.869 54.499 229 15.538 12.941 6.686 51.811 6.879 7.488 13.636 7.455 6.807 4.178 50.229 422 45 12 47.910 50.140 12.458 4.445 6.503 13.001 13.745 26.823 249.836 15.808 12.146 10.285 12.456 14.660 249.659 21.432 50.551 27.734 248 13.386 6.994 51.340 Secondary 1 Special Express Normal (Academic) Normal (Technical) 38.869 50.463 4.923 28.159 13.156 27.277 27. .425 17.377 5.255 52.657 49.072 50.468 6.215 241.525 4.028 10.072 6.614 639 91 15 47.986 50.818 27.580 5.

5 PRIVATE REGULAR SCHOOLS. STUDENTS AND TEACHERS Number 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Schools 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 Students 991 784 720 865 576 902 802 73 652 266 64 588 132 76 548 96 92 572 201 75 388 113 128 604 170 117 556 129 65 61 64 61 60 76 65 Primary Secondary Pre-university Teachers Source : Ministry of Education . 2010 19.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.

286 1.356 17 63 1.396 7.524 238 1.858 30. .800 2.974 892 20. 3 Includes Real Estate.424 82 818 - 413 1.573 3.073 1.400 238 2.052 7.210 - 469 1.6 ENROLMENT IN POLYTECHNIC DIPLOMA COURSES BY TYPE OF COURSE Number Type of Course MALES Education Applied Arts 1 Humanities & Social Sciences Mass Communication & Information Science Business & Administration 2 Legal Studies Science & Related Technologies Health Sciences Information Technology Architecture & Building 3 Engineering Sciences Services 4 FEMALES Education Applied Arts 1 Humanities & Social Sciences Mass Communication & Information Science Business & Administration 2 Legal Studies Science & Related Technologies Health Sciences Information Technology Architecture & Building 3 Engineering Sciences Services 4 Source : Singapore Polytechnic Ngee Ann Polytechnic 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 30.694 5.267 123 1.856 6.583 40 92 1.740 667 19. Data include students who are concurrently enrolled in advanced diploma courses.706 663 24.583 42.268 236 1.991 118 1.216 972 6.465 233 2. Nautical Studies and Police Studies.024 982 6.153 955 6.100 991 6.672 137 1.063 724 20.044 7.179 36.341 317 1.435 271 1.266 36.605 131 1. 4 Includes Maritime Transportation.036 9.569 567 399 3.123 38.303 222 989 8.247 5.042 7.131 10. 1 Includes Digital Media Design and Media Production.500 594 485 5.139 352 Temasek Polytechnic Nanyang Polytechnic Republic Polytechnic Note : Data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Educational Classification 2000.504 1.169 1.071 154 165 2. Covers full-time and part-time polytechnic diploma courses.355 360 712 2.619 7.155 522 411 3.209 27.535 1.159 5.145 167 1.869 833 6.076 4. 2010 19.814 5.777 4.360 6.739 5.423 918 8.656 501 506 7.420 32.821 90 155 2.670 647 526 6.379 28.632 4.677 430 421 2.873 453 439 4.543 73 517 1.468 238 2.150 222 612 2.859 136 575 2.932 828 20.056 10 17 1.054 792 20.682 4.725 32.412 117 1.838 222 1.397 5.263 230 1.947 98 409 360 3.487 1.876 588 18.471 133 1.625 40.962 34.173 189 1.030 4 769 - 6 910 - 15 1.144 870 6. 2 Includes Accountancy.879 596 19.068 848 6.207 5.810 133 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.075 6.358 34.

872 83 2. 2 Includes Real Estate.002 461 61 277 651 926 5.087 2.592 670 70 176 1.100 2.098 499 652 334 4.657 25.252 22.058 543 1.429 582 13.071 284 53 183 603 815 3.447 96 2.535 27.917 682 77 242 1.449 25. 1 Includes Industrial Design.041 685 70 94 1.062 504 10.220 24.136 269 286 100 1.135 130 1.531 684 80 70 1.286 80 3.191 26.461 103 16.698 3.372 457 301 342 2.845 3.697 546 1.599 132 697 1.319 21.974 - 1.063 27.513 503 78 489 743 877 5.701 145 1.243 671 65 128 1.860 490 1.032 4.271 463 791 429 5.989 339 1.548 2.120 2.021 163 4.203 479 67 352 722 870 5.329 549 6.645 3.868 711 2.7 ENROLMENT IN UNIVERSITY FIRST DEGREE COURSES BY TYPE OF COURSE Number Type of Course MALES Education Applied Arts 1 Humanities & Social Sciences Mass Communication Accountancy Business & Administration Law Natural.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.534 494 406 408 2.925 536 89 617 768 966 5.388 147 1.278 609 13.966 639 12.783 21.024 502 695 212 4.734 3.463 141 760 1.543 547 1.846 690 72 81 1.359 60 2.163 2.775 600 12.122 117 3.532 195 14 1.914 345 212 223 2.934 23.862 160 National University of Singapore Nanyang Technological University Singapore Management University Note : Data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Educational Classification 2000.887 555 1.696 610 1.176 28 2.570 579 12.435 516 1.174 503 6. 2010 19. Physical & Mathematical Sciences Medicine Dentistry Health Sciences Information Technology Architecture & Building 2 Engineering Sciences Services 3 FEMALES Education Applied Arts 1 Humanities & Social Sciences Mass Communication Accountancy Business & Administration Law Natural.018 10 1.133 23.372 26.743 157 4.206 610 13.823 137 829 1.732 3.048 604 83 66 1.525 - 3.319 43 3. Covers full-time and part-time first degree courses.488 3.826 465 11 3. Physical & Mathematical Sciences Medicine Dentistry Health Sciences Information Technology Architecture & Building 2 Engineering Sciences Services 3 Source : 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 18.227 567 93 711 804 973 4.688 649 1.563 334 812 126 3.597 314 249 143 1.986 176 1.331 507 1.457 596 103 800 920 1. 3 Includes Maritime Studies .141 409 234 282 2.

799 9.515 233 1. Nautical Studies and Police Studies.862 176 5.530 8. 1 Includes Digital Media Design and Media Production.375 140 - 4 243 - 251 - 3 223 - 3 298 - 9 382 8 4 428 9 59 884 19 112 85 795 283 5. 2010 19. 2 Includes Accountancy.388 8.310 154 120 882 28 301 267 2.432 1.560 9. 3 Includes Real Estate.622 112 93 896 23 214 127 1.008 92 Temasek Polytechnic Nanyang Polytechnic Republic Polytechnic Note : Data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Educational Classification 2000.754 10.597 67 592 1.108 43 410 408 2.035 73 303 2.059 39 311 407 1.517 1.388 84 453 994 1.580 225 136 840 34 324 178 2.887 61 400 2.720 293 2.659 11.8 GRADUATES FROM POLYTECHNIC DIPLOMA COURSES BY TYPE OF COURSE Number Type of Course MALES Education Applied Arts 1 Humanities & Social Sciences Mass Communication & Information Science Business & Administration 2 Legal Studies Science & Related Technologies Health Sciences Information Technology Architecture & Building 3 Engineering Sciences Services 4 FEMALES Education Applied Arts 1 Humanities & Social Sciences Mass Communication & Information Science Business & Administration 2 Legal Studies Science & Related Technologies Health Sciences Information Technology Architecture & Building 3 Engineering Sciences Services 4 Source : Singapore Polytechnic Ngee Ann Polytechnic 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 8.300 8.727 222 132 1.477 1.262 201 117 1.682 9.345 312 2.742 57 318 2.196 33 257 2.389 59 253 518 508 277 2. Data refer to academic year.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.375 222 136 1.537 9.415 274 1.050 175 5.078 233 5.974 158 5.649 9.067 161 5.511 8.908 220 6.157 176 5. .130 1.111 9.526 249 2.784 178 - 103 278 - 111 308 - 128 319 - 156 409 - 175 582 67 173 576 66 119 2.385 60 282 2.408 104 323 725 1. Covers full-time and part-time polytechnic diploma courses.446 47 452 418 2.281 78 460 1.294 82 453 1.081 35 296 2.525 308 2. 4 Includes Maritime Transportation.341 78 568 1.

Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.246 4.217 36 National University of Singapore Nanyang Technological University Singapore Management University Note : Data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Educational Classification 2000.022 - 321 123 22 16 363 138 2. 1 Includes Industrial Design.036 6.360 5.852 - 427 144 21 19 303 131 3. Cover full-time and part-time first degree courses.190 - 827 83 15 67 190 208 1. 2010 19.004 44 576 19 297 349 92 76 11 383 34 234 325 56 86 11 351 36 211 322 62 89 11 412 45 176 432 70 73 28 441 28 260 493 84 53 31 478 32 295 505 94 67 47 547 36 338 638 92 401 104 18 14 355 104 2.027 110 495 799 125 302 13 1.299 5.9 GRADUATES FROM UNIVERSITY FIRST DEGREE COURSES BY TYPE OF COURSE Number Type of Course MALES Education Applied Arts 1 Humanities & Social Sciences Mass Communication Accountancy Business & Administration Law Natural.150 14 574 122 12 22 370 135 2. .207 5. Physical & Mathematical Sciences Medicine Dentistry Health Sciences Information Technology Architecture & Building 2 Engineering Sciences Services 3 Source : 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 4.423 128 558 895 118 674 41 14 77 218 167 492 - 781 77 18 78 309 185 1. Physical & Mathematical Sciences Medicine Dentistry Health Sciences Information Technology Architecture & Building 2 Engineering Sciences Services 3 FEMALES Education Applied Arts 1 Humanities & Social Sciences Mass Communication Accountancy Business & Administration Law Natural.823 5.071 110 468 819 134 189 41 980 141 575 894 123 172 50 1.254 158 1.179 - 674 86 12 69 199 234 1. 2 Includes Real Estate. Data refer to academic year.203 132 536 960 115 281 88 1.890 5.386 43 946 97 19 107 162 179 1.736 6.573 5.887 - 388 135 18 24 389 166 2.200 - 409 122 14 11 412 137 3.670 6.991 13 4.503 5.949 5.492 93 482 905 77 336 14 993 109 387 742 91 278 11 1.241 - 880 94 14 57 137 214 1.337 - 796 96 17 77 210 243 1.371 - 469 131 18 10 308 148 3. 3 Includes Maritime Studies.

805 2.156 1.551 44 - 6. Nanyang Technological University and Singapore Management University.11 ENROLMENT IN HIGHER DEGREE COURSES BY TYPE OF COURSE Number Type of Course Total Education Humanities & Social Sciences Mass Communication Business & Administration 1 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 12.525 2. Covers full-time and part-time post diploma. and higher degree courses offered by National Institute of Education.631 156 24 Engineering Sciences Services Others Source : National University of Singapore Singapore Management University Nanyang Technological University National Institute of Education Note : Data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Educational Classification 2000. 2 Includes Pharmacy.667 2.225 144 33 6. Data include students who are concurrently enrolled in diploma courses.486 1.681 1.181 344 495 1.613 461 1.075 1. 19. 3 Includes Real Estate.242 177 - 57 22 22 106 114 52 24 49 60 35 34 38 15 - - 30 52 57 57 482 289 255 217 219 468 525 Science & Related Technologies Health Sciences Information Technology Architecture & Building 3 26 210 538 89 320 202 109 266 107 61 257 82 88 235 105 137 520 186 151 565 206 18 - 21 7 - 22 45 Engineering Sciences Services 4 738 671 442 387 495 449 424 113 38 27 25 82 57 54 Source : Singapore Polytechnic Temasek Polytechnic Republic Polytechnic Ngee Ann Polytechnic Nanyang Polytechnic Note : Data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Educational Classification 2000.152 1.307 58 - 6.473 551 550 1. Covers full-time and part-time postgraduate diploma and higher degree courses offered by National University of Singapore.020 1.426 640 535 456 478 497 500 545 5.156 1.490 580 1.690 1. advanced diploma.719 19. Physical & Mathematical Sciences Medicine & Dentistry 2 150 242 253 279 316 341 239 921 1.392 1.192 1.639 14. .483 267 1.060 106 27 6.211 99 21 6.148 1. 4 Includes Maritime Transportation and Police Studies.199 1.217 1. 2 Includes Accountancy.829 2.902 Law Natural.112 1.592 1. management diploma.008 1. 2010 19.659 419 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.608 1.638 469 1.107 1.298 1.417 2. specialist diploma and postgraduate diploma courses. 3 Includes Real Estate.080 1. 1 Includes Digital Media Design and Media Production.044 2.815 434 1.10 ENROLMENT IN POLYTECHNIC ADVANCED DIPLOMA COURSES BY TYPE OF COURSE Number Type of Course Total Education Applied Arts 1 Humanities & Social Sciences Business & Administration 2 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2.759 14.439 1.141 Information Technology Architecture & Building 3 864 1. 1 Includes Accountancy.958 16.070 111 25 6.059 18.218 2.467 1.945 392 2.146 2.358 1.282 17.

advanced diploma. 19.313 58 100 148 155 205 238 287 158 271 269 278 268 337 366 214 349 408 366 403 477 364 Information Technology Architecture & Building 3 232 393 374 311 377 398 570 125 243 265 232 246 292 267 Engineering Sciences Services Others 891 19 - 1. 2 Includes Pharmacy.765 103 - 27 37 18 1 17 1 5 9 31 34 15 17 - - - - 26 2 25 298 336 332 235 192 285 317 Science & Related Technologies Health Sciences Information Technology Architecture & Building 3 18 112 220 68 86 320 64 296 193 75 318 115 45 311 109 65 250 133 86 506 256 33 18 - 7 7 - 17 Engineering Sciences Services 4 397 440 341 243 242 360 383 61 66 31 28 28 25 55 Source : Singapore Polytechnic Temasek Polytechnic Republic Polytechnic Ngee Ann Polytechnic Nanyang Polytechnic Note : Data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Educational Classification 2000.216 1.303 1.917 62 20 1. 2010 19.152 1. specialist diploma and postgraduate diploma courses.890 61 22 Total Education Humanities & Social Sciences Mass Communication Business & Administration 1 Law Natural.250 5.568 5.820 45 - 2. .022 44 17 1. management diploma. Covers full-time and part-time postgraduate diploma and higher degree courses offered by National University of Singapore. 1 Includes Digital Media Design and Media Production.399 5.12 GRADUATES FROM POLYTECHNIC ADVANCED DIPLOMA COURSES BY TYPE OF COURSE Number Type of Course Total Education Applied Arts 1 Humanities & Social Sciences Business & Administration 2 1999 2004 2005 2006 1.070 2007 995 2008 2009 1.084 5. 3 Includes Real Estate.588 4. Nanyang Technological University and Singapore Management University and higher degree courses offered by National Institute of Education. 4 Includes Maritime Transportation and Police Studies. 3 Includes Real Estate.935 6.002 1.366 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.140 1. 1 Includes Accountancy. Covers full-time and part-time post diploma.913 37 30 1. Physical & Mathematical Sciences Medicine & Dentistry 2 Source : National University of Singapore Singapore Management University Nanyang Technological University National Institute of Education Note : Data are classified according to the Singapore Standard Educational Classification 2000.371 36 216 54 94 481 87 168 474 254 164 543 161 249 617 202 288 534 175 432 595 204 585 516 647 791 1.13 GRADUATES FROM HIGHER DEGREE COURSES BY TYPE OF COURSE Number Type of Course 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2.224 19 - 2. 2 Includes Accountancy.

059 Males Females 8.080 2.888 4.323 Males Females 6.387 272 National ITE Certificate (Nitec ) 5.088 3.159 884 4. 1 Refers to the number of students/trainees who graduated from Full-Time Training/Traineeship Programme. 2010 19. Hence the first batch of intake are yet to have completed the programme in 2009.436 652 Info-Communications Technology Higher National ITE Certificate (Higher Nitec ) National ITE Certificate (Nitec ) Business & Services Higher National ITE Certificate (Higher Nitec ) National ITE Certificate (Nitec ) - - - 582 383 199 469 267 202 1.902 Source : Institute of Technical Education Note : The Full-time Institutional Training and Traineeship Programmes are offered to school leavers with GCE 'O' and 'N' level qualifications.842 762 2.462 Total 11.597 5.993 684 1.041 690 351 1.162 1.659 1. 2 The Diploma course in Engineering was introduced in 2008.309 1.435 Engineering Diploma 2 37 31 6 Higher National ITE Certificate (Higher Nitec ) 2.400 844 556 1.043 4.14 INTAKE OF STUDENTS/TRAINEES UNDER THE FULL-TIME INSTITUTIONAL TRAINING AND TRAINEESHIP PROGRAMMES AND STUDENTS/TRAINEES WHO COMPLETED THE PROGRAMMES. 2009 Number Student/Trainees who Completed the Programmes 1 Intake of Students/Trainees Type of Training/Level Total Total 14.530 474 1.536 634 1. .Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.734 428 1.056 2.

164 4.679 1. 2009 Number Workers who Completed the Programmes 1 Training Places Taken Up Type of Training/Level Total Males Females 18.243 4.296 729 255 300 197 408 45 17 210 255 180 198 4. 2 Continuing Education for Pre-University level was phased out in year 2008.633 805 563 337 76 308 1.053 16 25 88 210 249 62 113 18 27 13 24 5 3 1.601 3.924 147 573 60 191 496 5. .181 14 2. 1 Refers to the number of continuing academic education places taken up and completed by workers.897 1. 2 Includes short courses and customised courses. 2009 Number Workers who Completed the Programmes 1 Training Places Taken Up Type of Programme Total Total Basic Education for Skills Training (BEST) Worker Improvement through Secondary Education (WISE) Continuing Education (Secondary 1-5) 2 Males Females 4.558 14.716 3.894 Source : Institute of Technical Education Note : The BEST and WISE Programmes are offered in modules of 6 months' duration.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore. The last output for BEST Programme was in December 2008 and the last output for WISE Programme was in February 2009. 2010 19.814 3 920 11 1.028 3.399 2. 19.716 Total Males Females 2.154 Engineering Higher National ITE Certificate (Higher Nitec ) National ITE Certificate (Nitec ) ITE Skills Certificate (ISC ) Info-Communications Technology Higher National ITE Certificate (Higher Nitec ) National ITE Certificate (Nitec ) Source : Institute of Technical Education Note : Most of the Skills Training Programmes are offered in modules of 6 months' duration.16 TRAINING PLACES TAKEN UP BY WORKERS UNDER THE CONTINUING ACADEMIC EDUCATION PROGRAMMES AND WORKERS WHO COMPLETED THE PROGRAMMES.15 TRAINING PLACES TAKEN UP BY WORKERS UNDER THE SKILLS TRAINING PROGRAMMES AND WORKERS WHO COMPLETED THE PROGRAMMES.159 4.236 2.897 1.843 3. there are no more intake for BEST and WISE Programmes.525 9. From Year 2009. 1 Figures refer to number of workers who graduated or completed the programmes. A worker may attend more than one module a year.747 3. A worker may attend more than one module a year.096 4.601 1.141 175 471 5.181 - - 4.176 272 362 Business & Services Higher National ITE Certificate (Higher Nitec ) National ITE Certificate (Nitec ) ITE Skills Certificate (ISC ) Others 2 Total Total Males Females 11.828 923 1.593 1.905 - - - - 3.

data include Singapore Examinations and Assessment Board.256.521 7.463 691. Special Education.600.245 290.548.018.907 1.625 7.446 622.154 253.058.479 1.229.566.397 866.113 947.694 8. Science Centre Board and SIM-Open University Centre.874 4.978 607.005.973 249.865.933 728.082.121.029.571 61. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.698.697 73.564 503.135 203.256 84.401 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.986 Institute of Technical Education 126.488 6.351.121 6.409 1.783 2.262 262.808.275 511.050 1.326 1.000. 1 Include Centralised Institutes.741 816.295 1.506 281.125.278 6.239 1.416 Primary Schools Tertiary Universities 2 National Institute of Education Polytechnics Others 3 Development Expenditure Source : Ministry of Education Note : Data refer to the financial year which begins in April and ends in March of the following year.214.071.959.785.717 6.547 2.572 1.491.971 1.570 2.076 1.724 5.535 1.719.173 847.239 594.241 Secondary Schools & Junior Colleges 1 1. .299 6. Nanyang Academy of Fine Arts and Laselle College of Arts.496.156 1.832.894 2.239.851.722 100.378 118.614 1.215.569 742.527.371 191.876 1.885 Recurrent Expenditure 3.913 946.697.641 553.437 387.147 102.869 1.765.043 753.071.598 600.469 820.236.285 7. 2 Include National University of Singapore.17 GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE ON EDUCATION Thousand Dollars 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total 4.987 2. 3 Include MOE Headquarters.857.503. Nanyang Technological University and Singapore Management University.175.253 569.243 110.668 8.718 1.974. With effect from 2003.694 1.154 431.232 2.842 1.553. 2010 19.290.589.043 2.410.478 3.476.

850 9.452 9.409 5. .843 11.209 10.397 5.399 9.793 6.325 8.106 10.161 12.032 10.026 5.157 Source : Ministry of Education Note : Data refer to the financial year which begins in April and ends in March of the following year.386 11.575 3. Nanyang Technological University and Singapore Management University (wef 2003).111 Polytechnics 8.243 5.664 19.903 12. 3 Include National University of Singapore.968 Institute of Technical Education 6.695 10.18 GOVERNMENT RECURRENT EXPENDITURE ON EDUCATION PER STUDENT Dollars 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Primary Schools 2.246 7.864 Junior Colleges 2 6.479 12.746 5. 2 Include Centralised Institutes.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.472 19.482 13.011 19.612 3.112 17. 2010 19.249 10.643 Secondary Schools 1 4.543 11.230 7.617 Universities 3 14. 1 Exclude Independent Schools.793 18.820 4.551 7.609 17.094 10.445 10.

HEALTH

20

HEALTH

Introduction
The Ministry of Health (MOH) is
committed to medical excellence, promoting
good health and reducing illness.
Through MOH, the Government
manages the public healthcare system to
ensure that good and affordable basic medical
services are available to all Singaporeans. This
is achieved through providing subsidized
medical services while promoting individual
responsibility for the costs of healthcare
services. The population is thus encouraged to
adopt a healthy lifestyle, taking responsibility
for one’s own health. Safety nets are provided
to ensure that no Singaporean is denied access
to healthcare because of lack of money.

The Health Sciences Authority (HSA)
provides a seamless regulatory service to the
health care industry and aims to safeguard
public confidence in the quality, safety and
efficacy of all health care and blood products
in Singapore. HSA also provides specialised
scientific expertise to support essential
statutory functions.
Public Health
Statistics on immunisation are
collected from the Polyclinics vaccination
records kept by HPB and compulsory
notifications of immunisation to the Central
Immunisation
Registry
by
private
practitioners. Data on patient attendances at
primary health care clinics are obtained from
the Polyclinic Patient Management System.

Public Healthcare Services
Hospital Statistics
Singapore’s
public
healthcare
establishments provide a full range of acute
services ranging from primary care at the
polyclinics to secondary and tertiary care at
the regional and tertiary hospitals and national
centres. There are eight hospitals1, seven
national specialty centres and eighteen
polyclinics.

Data on government hospital beds,
patient admissions and outpatient attendances
are obtained from administrative records and
the computerised patient registration systems
of the hospitals. For the private hospitals, the
data are compiled from special returns
prescribed by the Ministry of Health and from
the MediClaim System.

Statutory Boards
Medical Personnel
Two statutory boards under the
Ministry of Health were established on 1 April
2001. The Health Promotion Board (HPB)
provides the framework for a greater focus on
health promotion issues and further
strengthens health education, health promotion
and disease prevention in Singapore. It
spearheads the national health promotion and
disease prevention efforts, and develops and
promotes programmes in an environment that
supports healthy lifestyles, as well as early
detection and management of health problems
in children, adults and the elderly.

1

Khoo Teck Puat Hospital will be fully operational in
July 2010.

Data on medical personnel refer to the
number of doctors, dentists, pharmacists,
nurses and midwives registered respectively
under the Medical Registration Act, the
Dentists Registration Act, the Pharmacists
Registration Act, the Nurses and Midwives
Act. Separate computer manpower registers
for each of these personnel groups are
maintained by the professional bodies and the
statistics pertaining to these health personnel
are derived from the registers.

Yearbook of Statistics Singapore, 2010

20.1

HOSPITALS AND PUBLIC SECTOR CLINICS
Number

1999

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Hospitals
Public Sector 1

28
14

29
13

29
13

30
14

30
14

29
14

29
14

Private Sector 2

14

16

16

16

16

15

15

11,742
7,853
3,889
9,560
6,268
3,292
2,182
1,585
597

11,840
8,279
3,561
8,813
6,388
2,425
3,027
1,891
1,136

11,848
8,177
3,671
8,617
6,248
2,369
3,231
1,929
1,302

11,527
8,187
3,340
8,320
6,256
2,064
3,207
1,931
1,276

11,547
8,235
3,312
8,368
6,304
2,064
3,179
1,931
1,248

11,580
8,190
3,390
8,319
6,255
2,064
3,261
1,935
1,326

11,663
8,289
3,374
8,456
6,416
2,040
3,207
1,873
1,334

205

232

239

241

242

236

239

18

17

18

18

18

18

18

Hospital Beds
Acute Care
Extended Care
Public Sector 1
Acute Care
Extended Care
Private Sector 2
Acute Care
Extended Care
Public Sector Dental Clinics 3
Polyclinics

Source : Ministry of Health
1 The number of hospitals in public sector includes specialty centres. With effect from 2006, data include Jurong Medical Centre.
2 With effect from 1 April 2002, the Management of Ang Mo Kio - Thye Hua Kwan Hospital
(formerly known as Ang Mo Kio Community Hospital) has been handed over to Thye Hua Kwan, a voluntary welfare organisation.
3 Exclude National Dental Centre (reflected as a specialty centre) and include dental clinics in schools.

20.2

HOSPITAL ADMISSIONS AND PUBLIC SECTOR OUTPATIENT
ATTENDANCES
Number

Hospital Admissions 1
Public Sector Hospitals 2
Private Sector Hospitals
Public Sector Outpatient Attendances
Specialist Outpatient Clinics 3
Accident & Emergency
Departments
Polyclinics
Dental Clinics 4
Day Surgeries

1999

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

374,390

405,354

414,367

415,833

429,744

435,750

438,853

290,706
83,684

311,129
94,225

315,149
99,218

316,261
99,572

325,772
103,972

330,071
105,679

332,595
106,258

2,643,670

3,333,550

3,452,571

3,624,976

3,687,910

3,827,275

3,886,308

532,916
2,924,918
1,067,945

618,490
3,791,670
1,045,775

658,311
3,913,380
1,006,634

676,763
3,769,989
838,466

752,122
3,797,953
889,210

788,539
3,971,589
883,216

821,304
4,157,903
838,815

87,890

181,888

184,364

196,619

203,639

208,688

218,284

Source : Ministry of Health
Note : Data excludes Jurong Medical Centre.
1 Refers to inpatient discharges for all hospitals. Prior to 2002, data on public sector hospitals refer to admissions.
2 Includes specialty centres.
3 Excludes staff attendances.
4 Includes dental services in hospitals, polyclinics, school dental clinics and National Dental Centre.
With effect from 30 June 1999, dental clinics at Singapore General Hospital and Institute of Mental Health were closed.
With effect from January 2006, data include Changi General Hospital dental clinic.
With effect from January 2007, data include dental clinics at Alexandra Hospital and Tan Tock Seng Hospital.

Yearbook of Statistics Singapore, 2010

20.3

HOSPITAL ADMISSION 1 RATE BY SEX AND AGE
Per 1,000 resident population

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Public Sector Hospitals
Male
Age Group (Years)
0 - 14
15 - 64
65 & above

71.6

81.1

80.7

82.0

84.1

84.7

84.4

53.7
56.3
298.1

59.5
63.6
328.7

59.5
63.1
318.3

59.7
63.1
325.9

61.9
64.2
331.0

66.1
64.0
326.2

67.1
63.8
315.9

68.3

78.6

77.4

77.9

80.0

79.8

78.7

44.5
54.1
250.4

49.0
62.8
278.7

49.8
60.2
275.0

50.9
58.7
282.3

53.4
59.4
288.7

56.5
58.3
286.1

55.3
57.4
279.7

Male
Age Group (Years)
0 - 14
15 - 64
65 & above

12.3

13.3

13.5

13.0

13.4

13.2

13.0

30.7
5.1
28.8

33.4
5.6
30.4

34.2
6.0
29.4

32.5
5.7
30.2

32.8
6.3
31.8

33.0
6.3
30.2

32.8
6.4
27.4

Female
Age Group (Years)
0 - 14
15 - 64
65 & above

23.3

24.5

24.8

24.4

24.7

24.3

23.2

29.5
20.6
31.7

30.8
21.6
33.6

32.1
21.7
33.0

30.3
21.7
33.2

29.6
22.2
34.9

29.9
21.7
34.0

29.4
20.8
30.0

Female
Age Group (Years)
0 - 14
15 - 64
65 & above
Private Sector Hospitals

Source : Ministry of Health
1 Excludes admission for normal deliveries & legalised abortions.

Yearbook of Statistics Singapore, 2010

20.4

REGISTERED HEALTH PERSONNEL
Number

1999

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Doctors
Public
Private
Not in active practice

5,325
2,535
2,606
184

6,492
3,142
2,845
505

6,748
3,265
2,961
522

6,931
3,505
2,966
460

7,384
3,911
3,004
469

7,841
4,297
3,051
493

8,323
4,610
3,123
590

Dentists 1
Public
Private
Not in active practice

942
167
726
49

1,227
282
802
143

1,277
278
846
153

1,323
293
833
197

1,354
287
881
186

1,414
310
932
172

1,463
311
997
155

Pharmacists
Public
Private
Not in active practice

1,043
219
598
226

1,288
376
719
193

1,330
400
754
176

1,421
449
832
140

1,483
484
865
134

1,546
555
858
133

1,658
630
890
138

Registered Nurses
Public
Private
Not in active practice

11,765
6,454
2,981
2,330

14,171
7,763
3,568
2,840

14,831
8,165
3,869
2,797

15,452
8,495
4,566
2,391

16,504
9,068
4,477
2,959

17,881
10,113
4,656
3,112

19,733
11,534
4,831
3,368

Enrolled Nurses
Public
Private
Not in active practice

3,733
2,030
805
898

4,793
2,665
1,112
1,016

4,989
2,823
1,219
947

5,163
2,956
1,484
723

5,604
3,110
1,559
935

6,006
3,488
1,488
1,030

6,765
4,043
1,561
1,161

Registered Midwives
Public
Private
Not in active practice

449
208
86
155

365
157
69
139

347
136
71
140

312
123
59
130

224
116
76
32

322
110
80
132

294
98
71
125

Source : Ministry of Health
Note : Registered health personnel in the public sector refer to Government,
Government Restructured Hospitals, Statutory Boards and University personnel.
1 Refers to those with professional degrees only.

Yearbook of Statistics Singapore, 2010

20.5

VISITS TO PUBLIC SECTOR DENTAL CLINICS
Number

1999

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

1,067,945

1,045,775

1,006,634

838,466

889,210

883,216

838,815

771,940

729,152

692,792

521,637

526,758

505,309

457,214

56,503

50,319

50,935

57,536

108,747

117,780

120,298

Polyclinic Dental Services

103,804

108,138

98,335

93,910

88,310

94,161

99,407

National Dental Centre

135,698

158,166

164,572

165,383

165,395

165,966

161,896

Dental Clinics
School
Hospital 1

Source : Ministry of Health
1 Hospital Dental Clinics at Singapore General Hospital and Institute of Mental Health were closed with effect from 30 June 1999.
With effect from January 2006, data include Changi General Hospital dental clinic.
With effect from January 2007, data include dental clinics at Alexandra Hospital and Tan Tock Seng Hospital.

20.6

NOTIFICATIONS OF SPECIFIC NOTIFIABLE DISEASES
Number

1999

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

1,355
316

9,459
152

14,209
166

3,127
181

8,826
154

7,031
152

4,497
170

Enteric fever 1

64

84

95

83

100

113

97

Viral Hepatitis

248
11

192
11

250
1

308
-

219
7

261
1

253
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

30,396

20,083

24,189

24,024

30,548

17

16

36

42

61

40

43

-

17

22

19

16

25

22

Hand, Foot & Mouth Disease 3

-

6,411

15,246

15,282

20,004

29,686

17,278

Nipah Virus Infection 3, 4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Dengue/DHF
Malaria

Cholera
Poliomyelitis
Diphtheria
Chickenpox 2
Viral Encephalitis
Legionellosis 3

SARS 5
Tuberculosis
Leprosy

na

na

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2,419
22

1,916
14

1,936
13

1,972
12

2,014
12

2,444
10

2,517
8

Source : Ministry of Health
Note : No cases of plague, smallpox and yellow fever were reported during the period
1 Refers to typhoid and paratyphoid.
2 Chickenpox is not notifiable with effect from 2008.
3 The three diseases were only made notifiable in October 2000.
4 In 1999, 11 cases of Nipah Virus Infection were reported.
5 SARS was only made notifiable on 17 March 2003.

227 20.913 26.276 18.202 35.714 24.491 21.262 24.885 39.948 38.267 20.039 22.350 15.862 15.680 19.822 30.368 16.280 37.7 IMMUNISATION 1 BY PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTORS No of Doses Given 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 BCG National Public Private 44.578 17.161 16.400 16.796 39.138 20.913 14.604 20.313 37.505 16.222 17.178 15.247 20.408 37.854 Diphtheria National Public Private 43.661 19.657 19.113 15.254 18.393 21.544 17. 2010 20.515 16.647 17.542 16.365 37.400 35.746 38.976 26.312 36.788 16.260 Source : Health Promotion Board 1 Data refer to immunisations given to all Singaporean and non-Singaporean children who were residing in Singapore during the time of the period reported. .558 37.459 35.085 36.660 19.113 17.884 17.425 20.622 38.406 Measles National Public Private 54.790 15.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.595 16.691 36.751 36.385 Poliomyelitis National Public Private 43.570 22.191 19.557 21.547 37.593 22.828 37.647 37.198 20.142 36.136 19.225 17.122 37.408 37.447 16.276 24.546 40.092 16.657 22.907 19.741 20.758 22.867 16.809 20.

students who were in Primary 6 in 2008 were also vaccinated as they had not received the booster dose when they were in Primary 5. vaccinations were given to Primary 6 students.3 95. vaccinations were given to Primary 1 and Primary 6 students. vaccinations were given to Primary 1 and Primary 5 students. 4 Prior to 2008. .6 98.9 48.3 50.9 Measles. vaccinations were given to Primary 1 students instead.8 92. However. Primary 2 to Primary 4 students in 2008 who have not received the vaccinations will receive it when they reach Primary 5. 2 Prior to 2008.7 53. With effect from 2008.7 Poliomyelitis Immunisation 2 89. students who were in Primary 6 in 2008 were also vaccinated as they had not received the booster dose when they were in Primary 5.3 96.6 50. Primary 5 and Primary 6 students in 2008 were also given the vaccinations as they were not vaccinated in Primary 1.2 99.7 96.3 97. 2010 20. booster doses were given to Primary 5 students instead. With effect from 2008. 20. booster doses were given to Primary 1 and Primary 6 students. However.8 97.6 - - - - - - 43.9 89.5 139.9 VACCINATION AND IMMUNISATION OF SCHOOL CHILDREN Thousand Doses 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Diphtheria Tetanus 1 90.0 49. 3 Discontinued with effect from 1 July 2001.8 143.1 BCG Vaccination 3 38. Mumps and Rubella 4 Source : Health Promotion Board 1 Prior to 2008.0 101. With effect from 2008.8 IMMUNISATION 1 COVERAGE FOR CHILDREN AT 2 YEARS OF AGE Per Cent 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 BCG 99 99 98 98 99 99 99 Diphtheria 98 95 96 95 97 97 95 Poliomyelitis 97 94 96 95 97 97 95 Hepatitis B 97 93 96 95 96 97 95 Measles 97 95 96 95 95 95 95 Source : Health Promotion Board 1 Refers to immunisation given to children who are Singapore citizens and permanent residents.7 96.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.

2 402.0 1.5 360.2 408.3 50. In 2008. 3 Prior to 2008. data refer to educational levels other than Primary 1 and Primary 5.2 42.4 46.1 50. With effect from 2009.3 456. Discontinued screening for Secondary 5 students and only examined Secondary 3 students with health problems wef 1 January 2006.1 501.7 4. data refer to general medical examination done for students exluding Primary 1 and Primary 5. data refer to educational levels in 2008 and discontinued for Primary 6 students from 2009.1 na na na na na 48. With effect from 2009.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.2 47.0 49. 2010 20. data refer to general medical examination done for students exluding Primary 1.5 51.8 44.8 360.5 42. In 2008.1 458.10 STUDENT MEDICAL CHECK-UP Thousand 1999 Total 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 474. .1 2.8 43.5 44. data refer to general medical examination done for students excluding Primary 1 and Primary 6.0 0. Primary 5 and Primary 6. other than Primary 1. medical examination by doctor is also conducted for both Primary 5 and Primary 6 students 2 Prior to 2008.9 448.7 1.9 51. Primary 5 and Primary 6.3 51.7 0.0 505.9 359.7 na 377.8 45.7 451.0 0.2 306.0 Primary 1 and equivalent age groups Primary 5 and equivalent age groups 1 Primary 6 and equivalent age groups 1 Screening of other educational levels 2 Others 3 Source : Health Promotion Board 1 Due to change in immunisation schedule. data refer to educational levels other than Primary 1 and Primary 6.

833 1.236 1.121 1.283 1.380 5.057 1.310 1.118 6.779 5.077 1. .11 COMMON HEALTH PROBLEMS OF STUDENTS EXAMINED 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Per 10.269 5.149 1.817 5.388 5.230 1.658 1.587 1.286 na Obesity Primary 1 and equivalent age groups Primary 5 and equivalent age groups 2 Primary 6 and equivalent age groups 2 Source : Health Promotion Board 1 Discontinued screening for Secondary 3 & Secondary 5 students with effect from 1 January 2006.111 1.775 985 1.231 1.849 5.080 na na na na na 1.212 na na na na na 1. medical examination by doctor is also conducted for both Primary 5 and Primary 6 students in 2008 and discontinued for Primary 6 students from 2009.171 1.210 1.772 na Obesity Primary 1 and equivalent age groups Primary 5 and equivalent age groups 2 Primary 6 and equivalent age groups 2 Per 10.192 1.562 5.325 1.833 1.000 Males Examined Incidence of : Defective Vision 1 5. 2010 20.590 5.000 Females Examined Incidence of : Defective Vision 1 5.368 1.065 5.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore. 2 Due to change in immunisation schedule.309 1.282 1.363 5.787 1.580 6.284 1.499 1.205 1.828 1.

HAWKERS AND FOOD ESTABLISHMENTS .

the management of all Housing and Development Board and Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources markets/hawker centres have been consolidated under NEA. “Food Factories”. Licensed Food Establishments Licensed Hawkers Licensed hawkers refer to hawkers who are issued with the respective licence by NEA to operate stalls in markets/hawker Licensed food establishments are grouped under five separate categories. “Supermarkets” and “Private Markets”. .21 HAWKERS AND FOOD ESTABLISHMENTS The National Environment Agency (NEA) issues licences to hawkers and operators of food retail establishments. Food factories are licensed by the Agri-Food & Veterinary Authority (AVA). namely “Food Shops”. With effect from 1 April 2004. showcase stalls and also as itinerant hawkers. Both agencies ensure that all licensees observe proper food hygiene practices to keep food sold in Singapore safe for consumption. centres. “Food Stalls”.

512 1.751 7.790 184 1 180 1 159 1 152 - 97 - 77 - Management Authority Housing & Development Board Jurong Town Corporation 2 Port of Singapore Authority 1 Type of Goods Sold Market Produce Cooked Food Piece & Sundries Source : National Environment Agency 1 With effect from 1 Apr 2004.497 5.898 14.2 LICENSED HAWKERS UNDER OTHER AGENCIES (End of Period) Number Total Licences Issued 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 14.296 3. 21. 1 Refers to street hawkers. Private markets/food centres of other Statutory Boards are excluded.585 2.1 LICENSED HAWKERS UNDER NATIONAL ENVIRONMENT AGENCY (End of Period) Number Total Licences Issued 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 3.972 5.154 14.814 5. who sells ice-cream.862 15.708 1. 2010 21.655 2.994 6.796 5. 2 Includes items sold by Street Hawkers and at Show Case premises.410 886 1. 2 With effect from 2003.863 196 57 185 - 181 - 160 - 152 - 97 - 77 - 6.497 5.747 2. stalls in HDB Market/Hawker Centres have been categorised as Market/Food Centres under Hawkers Department/NEA.456 5.419 12.346 14. .006 5.981 6.238 1.996 902 13.697 434 6.105 14.130 1.288 4 77 14.264 5. stalls in PSA food centre have been categorised as food establishments under Environment Health Department/NEA.468 878 13.647 5.369 15.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore. as well as not easily perishable food items and goods.021 11.116 185 181 160 152 97 77 13.395 2.753 Type of Premises Market/Food Centre Show Case Street 1 Type of Goods Sold Market Produce Cooked Food Piece & Sundries 2 Source : National Environment Agency Note : Data include PSA food centre (wef 2003) and HDB Market/Hawker Centre (wef 1 Apr 2004).052 1.398 1.800 2.053 13.

226 11.000 12. 4 Refer to larger stores/premises that sell fresh food such as meat. processed. fish.363 13.075 10.644 1. supermarkets and private markets.259 1.128 1.039 13. fish.082 26.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.395 13. 3 Refer to food processing establishments where food is manufactured.119 1.523 26.517 Food Stalls 2 13.240 26. vegetables and other prepacked foods.969 27.828 11. 2010 21.214 1. prepared or packed for the purpose of distribution to wholesalers and retailers. licensing of all food factories for distribution comes under the purview of Agri-Food & Veterinary Authority of Singapore.579 13.224 1.275 Supermarkets 4 191 237 257 255 271 288 320 Private Markets 5 387 380 342 341 333 323 307 Total Food Factories 3 Source : National Environment Agency Agri-Food & Veterinary Authority of Singapore Note : From 2006.141 13. vegetables and other prepacked foods. 2 Refer to smaller compartmentalised units which are housed within a food shop.578 13. 1 Refer to establishments which are licensed to retail food. food stalls.509 13.063 Food Shops 1 9.3 LICENSED FOOD ESTABLISHMENTS (End of Period) Number 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 24.262 26.154 1.811 29. food factories. 5 Refer to private shops and stalls that sell fresh food such as meat. food establishments are categorised under food shops.451 12. . With effect from 2002.

COMMUNITY SERVICES .

With a mission to build and to bridge communities in achieving one people. Neighbourhood Committees. The grassroots network comprises the Citizens’ Consultative Committees. inspired and committed youth. There are five CDCs. Community Club Management Committees. childcare and child development. regulatory and promotional role. In addition to having a developmental. Services which are primarily health-oriented in nature are under the purview of MOH. and a sporting people. MCYS also provides direct services including protection and rehabilitation of juvenile delinquents. Area SubCommittees and Community Club Building Fund Committees. Teens Network Clubs. pulling together not only in good times but also in times of adversity. Community Development Councils MCYS focuses on issues such as social assistance measures. The Centre for Enabled Living (CEL) helps seniors and . Services for Senior Citizens MCYS and MOH undertake the planning. MCYS partners non-government organisations such as the Voluntary Welfare Organisations (VWOs) and National Sports Associations to address social challenges. Malay Activity Executive Committees. community relations and engagement. Indian CDCs. Youth Executive Committees. Constituency Sports Clubs. refer to individuals who provide services in community and welfare programmes without receiving full market rates of remuneration or allowances. seniors. CDCs promote community bonding. development and regulation of eldercare services for senior citizens. Youth and Sports (MCYS) aims to build a cohesive and resilient society by fostering socially responsible individuals. family. were set up in 1997. They do so through "ABC" Assisting the Needy through job matching and social assistance schemes. registration of civil and Muslim marriages. Residents’ Committees.800 Grassroots Organisations (GROs) and five Community Development Councils (CDCs). one Singapore. Volunteers "Volunteers".22 COMMUNITY SERVICES The Ministry of Community Development. youth. as well as management of problem gambling and sports. strong and stable families. a caring and active community. disability. PA brings people together through its network of about 1. Activity Executive Committees. Senior Citizens’ Executive Committees. active citizenry and self-reliance within the community. MCYS envisages a caring nation that is close-knit and united. licensing of child care centres and public education on family matters. each headed by a Mayor. Women’s Executive Committees. social sector services. and Connecting the Community by developing strategic partnerships with corporate and community agencies to better serve the residents. People's Association The People’s Association (PA) is a statutory board set up on 1 July 1960 to promote racial harmony and social cohesion. regulation of charities. PA also connects the people and the Government through consultation and feedback. Community Emergency and Engagement Committees. while services with social components such as day care centres come under MCYS. in MCYS context. Bonding the People by bringing them closer to one another through activities and programmes. under the charge of PA. civic consciousness. These services range from home and community-based services to residential care services. Using the Many Helping Hands approach.

organisations and employers in the public and private sectors to set up child care facilities. Juvenile Delinquency and Drug Abuse in 1995. FDCS is a formalised version of the conventional nanny and baby-sitting services. Child Care Centres MCYS regulates and licenses all child care centres in Singapore under the Child Care Centres Act (Cap 37A) and Child Care Centres Regulations. Youth MCYS works with HDB to plan and develop child care centres in void decks. National Youth Council and youth organisations to engage the youths in Singapore. There are childcare centres that also provide care programmes for infants and toddlers (aged between 2 and 18 months).22 COMMUNITY SERVICES (cont’d) persons with disabilities to access these services. Student Care Centres Student Care Centres (previously known as Before and After School Care Centres) provide care arrangements for children aged 7 to 14 years old outside school hours. Initiatives such as Youth Expedition Project and Young ChangeMakers provide youths with avenues to apply their energies and idealism to community improvement projects. some of whom may be working part-time or flexible hours. Some centres offer flexible child care programmes to cater to the work arrangements of parents. MCYS partners VWOs in working with youths at risk through programmes such as Enhanced STEP-UP. especially those that impact young people. and encourages individuals. thereby planting a stake in the community. MCYS strives to create an environment in which youths have a say in national and community issues. For parents who want an alternative child care option in the form of home-based care by caregivers. There are currently over 350 Student Care Centres. MCYS is working with MOE to set up more student care centres within primary school premises. MCYS promotes and facilitates the implementation of the Family Day Care Service (FDCS) at the community level through selected child care centres. To encourage young people to realise their full potential. plant a stake in society and receive support to realise their potential and pursue their dreams. . MCYS hopes to achieve its vision of nurturing Inspired and Committed youth. In this way. Dialogues and forums such as the National Youth Forum give youths opportunities to speak their minds and act on national policies. MCYS also works with the Council for Third Age (C3A). Child care centres provide regular full-day and half-day programmes to meet the child care needs of parents. These centres were initiated by the Inter-Ministry Committee (IMC) on Dysfunctional Families. and various agencies to promote wellness and active ageing programmes so as to keep senior citizens physically and mentally active and socially engaged. MCYS also works closely with other parties such as Ministry of Education.

They can also participate in daily activities at seniors activity centres. retirement or disability support. Schoolgoing children receive free education. The core services provided by FSCs are Information & Referral and Casework & Counselling. It is not intended as a form of unemployment. Family Service Centres Family Service Centres (FSCs) are key community-based social service providers for families in Singapore. disability or unfavourable family circumstances.22 COMMUNITY SERVICES (cont’d) Public Assistance The Public Assistance scheme is meant to assist needy Singapore citizens who. As of 2009. owing to old age. have no means of subsistence and little or no family support. FSCs may also offer programmes including community support and outreach programmes. Under the scheme. . illness. In addition. Families with children also receive additional cash assistance to cater to the children’s needs. They also receive free medical treatment in polyclinics and government restructured hospitals. to strengthen family functioning and well-being. Public Assistance recipients receive extensive community support in the form of food rations. free meals. there are 36 FSCs. These agencies are staffed with professional social workers who provide professional intervention. and befriending programmes. each recipient receives a monthly allowance to meet their basic needs. are unable to work. hong baos (red packets of cash gifts) and other support.

Yearbook of Statistics Singapore. . 2010 22.1 GRASSROOTS ORGANISATIONS (End of Period) Number 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 9 5 5 5 5 5 5 Citizens' Consultative Committees (CCCs) 83 84 84 84 84 84 84 CCC-Area Sub Committees 55 43 41 42 43 45 45 Community Club Management Committees 103 106 104 105 105 105 105 Residents' Committees 509 544 545 549 551 551 557 Neighbourhood Committees 36 97 102 105 106 109 110 Malay Activity Executive Committees 77 95 97 97 98 98 97 Indian Activity Executive Committees 77 89 91 92 94 94 94 Senior Citizens' Executive Committees 297 370 361 347 336 329 327 Youth Executive Committees 94 92 94 96 98 98 99 Women's Executive Committees 99 104 104 103 103 104 104 83 84 84 83 84 84 84 Constituency Sports Clubs 83 84 84 84 84 84 84 T-Net Club Management Committees 13 8 8 8 8 8 8 Building Fund Committees 71 49 39 39 34 24 27 Community Development Councils Community Emergency and Engagement Committees 1 Source : People's Association 1 People's Association renamed the Civil Defence Executive Committee to Community Emergency and Engagement Committee in 2009.

253 2.703 1.555 2.585 12.448 5. 3 The homes which contributed to the number of volunteers were closed in 2002.394 1.092 3.903 1.547 233 3.517 1.504 1.577 291 3.616 98 974 1.091 1.556 5.723 1. Source : .728 103 673 1.041 105 492 Welfare Service Total (Volunteers) Welfare Service Boards/Committees Befrienders for the Aged Destitutes3 Volunteer Probation Officers Volunteers in Children Homes/Hostels Enable-A-Family (EAF) Volunteer Scheme 4 5 Total (Groups ) 531 678 616 533 537 516 528 31 10 11 11 10 10 15 20 302 178 414 199 450 103 355 116 350 119 335 102 321 119 - 55 52 51 58 69 73 32 15 14 15 14 15 20 22 - - - - - - 10 15 14 15 14 15 20 Groups of Befrienders for the Aged Scheme 3 Groups of Volunteers in Children Homes/Hostels Ministry of Community Development.389 5.743 309 3.595 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.668 1.624 1.234 Engagement Committees2 Constituency Sports Clubs T-Net Club Management Committees Building Fund Committees 1.709 11.602 1. 5 ''Groups" refers to volunteering services provided on a group basis.490 1.933 103 452 2. 4 Enable-A-Family (EAF) Volunteer Scheme was launched in 2002.431 1.423 1.646 1.169 5.554 1.321 202 1.759 1.510 1.738 1.820 1.273 35.776 2.951 2.872 1.778 1.2 VOLUNTEERS AND VOLUNTEER GROUPS (End of Period) Number 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Community Service Total (Volunteers) Community Development Councils CCC/CCC-Area Sub Committees Community Club Management Committees 32.964 3.746 41.540 Residents' Committees (RC)1 Neighbourhood Committees Malay Activity Executive Committees Indian Activity Executive Committees Senior Citizens' Executive Committees Youth Executive Committees Women's Executive Committees Community Emergency and 11.864 1.713 99 722 1.666 1.499 11.038 39.198 3.868 103 630 1.415 307 4.734 1.573 5.535 1.242 5.902 1.774 298 3.381 1.892 298 4.389 3.442 1.783 528 955 936 4.716 2.323 1.948 36.426 35.643 11. 2010 22. 2 PA renamed the Civil Defence Executive Committee to Community Emergency and Engagement Committee in 2009.951 12.564 1.404 1.934 2.861 2.135 294 4. Youth and Sports People's Association (PA) Note : CCC refers to Citizens' Consultative Committees 1 RC Block Representatives are included.529 1.512 1.745 1.453 11.325 1.717 38.

980 44.123 34.682 4.743 2.487 3.4 PUBLIC ASSISTANCE RECIPIENTS BY CATEGORY (End of Period) Number Total Aged Destitutes Medically Unfit for Work Abandoned/Distressed Wives & Orphans Disabled Persons Under 60 years Widows with Children under 12 years 2008 2009 2.224 45.445 2.772 24.354 15.551 8.283 9.409 50.556 7.752 11. The benefits and the eligibility criteria of the Special Grant Scheme are the same as those of the Public Assistance Scheme.319 - 1. 22.906 3.115 8.3 ENROLMENT IN CHILD CARE CENTRES BY TYPE OF PROGRAMME AND ORGANISATION (End of Period) Number 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 34.636 2.035 3.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.794 7.146 10.502 47.717 19.803 21.870 31. Youth and Sports People's Association Notes : Data include households under the Public Assistance Scheme and Special Grant Scheme.628 10. 2010 22. . while the Special Grant Scheme caters to the Singapore Permanent Residents. 1 People's Association has stopped providing child care facilities with effect from 31 Dec 2003.653 34.137 - - - - - - NTUC 2.386 2.405 Voluntary 9.020 1.315 44.186 35.328 2.427 2.501 2.890 2.901 2.552 9.736 Workplace 2.521 9. Youth and Sports NTUC refers to National Trades Union Congress.894 10.455 3.473 164 192 23 24 255 229 3 2 Source : Ministry of Community Development. 2 Flexicare Programme was implemented in Jan 2003.172 Total Full-Day Programme 1 Private Half-Day Programme Flexicare Programme 2 Source : Ministry of Community Development.311 41.884 3.920 2.987 38.290 52.033 27.008 3. The Public Assistance Scheme caters to Singapore Citizens.546 2.010 3.314 18.945 57.379 People's Association 1.380 3.350 19.794 9.

739 1.848 39.5 RESIDENTS IN OLD FOLKS' HOMES BY TYPE OF ORGANISATION AND SEX (End of Period) Number 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 5. 2010 22.323 7.962 2.238 902 1.606 Total Males Females Government Welfare Homes Males Females Sheltered Housing / Community Homes Males Females 1 Source : Government Welfare Homes and Sheltered Housing/Community Homes .820 4.133 1.776 4.829 Commercial Nursing Homes Males Females 1.Ministry of Health 1 Includes only those aged 60 years and above.145 2.924 3.511 3.543 4.Ministry of Community Development. Youth and Sports Voluntary Nursing Homes and Commercial Nursing Homes .951 2.336 2.239 2.009 2.979 1.029 2.974 2.702 9.071 4.468 5.329 3.120 2.575 8.689 1.490 547 943 1.075 1.521 4.801 681 1. .060 9.207 Source : Ministry of Community Development.533 1.483 970 1.746 1.829 2.053 825 684 141 955 746 209 956 749 207 976 755 221 1.904 4.031 4.960 9.381 8.845 2.006 774 232 1.513 2.898 4.036 Number 38.784 4.600 3.869 2.064 1.483 21.625 2. 22.6 FAMILY SERVICE CENTRES Casework and Counselling Information and Referral Unit 2007 2008 2009 Cases 20.278 4.754 4.688 4.840 4.065 830 235 1.218 5.834 2.727 1. Youth and Sports Note : Data refer to the financial year which begins in April of the current year and and ends in March of the following year.018 779 1.010 24.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.108 865 243 540 205 335 635 271 364 628 275 353 640 279 361 673 298 375 695 315 380 700 325 375 Voluntary Nursing Homes Males Females 2.067 40.

CULTURE AND RECREATION .

It delivers informative programmes such as lifestyle and gourmet features. Library The National Library Board (NLB) provides essential library facilities.000 people weekly. there are 19 Public Libraries. MediaCorp has over 50 products in four languages (English. There are also 16 libraries belonging to government agencies.3FM and Radio 100. Prior to April 1994. interactive media and out-of-home (OOH) media. It houses the Lee Kong Chian Reference Library (LKCRL). Science and Technology Collections offer an . Power 98FM has an average listenership of 282. magazines. The LKCRL offers a reference collection of over 600. current affairs. information services as well as a variety of cultural.000 listeners weekly.000 items in various formats and subjects. Radio 100. with the broadcast of radio in 1936 and television in 1963. The stations continue to interact with their core listeners through their unique mix of music. business persons and the general public. SAFRA Radio reaches out to the general public and is broadcasted in SAF camps and SAFRA clubs in Singapore. Rediffusion Pte Ltd. a licensed commercial audio broadcasting station since 1949. The station plays new and current top 40 hits. Total attendances are based on the number of tickets sold. The Social Sciences and Humanities. In addition to the National Library.000. 3 Regional Libraries and 1 Community Children's Library. Subscribers enjoy a selection of up to fifteen channels that offer both international and Rediffusion-produced programmes.000. schools and institutions. government and businesses. featuring today’s best music. spanning television. which are under NLB’s management. provides direct sound broadcasts to subscribers via wireless Digital Multimedia Broadcasting (DMB) while retaining its existing cable network. they were obtained from the Singapore Customs. radio. formerly known as the National Reference Library.3FM is a 24-hour Mandarin infotainment station that caters to listeners aged 20 to 40 years old. Radio 91. movies. Today. It pioneered the development of Singapore’s broadcasting industry.3FM is a 24-hour English music station that caters to listeners aged 15 to 40 years old. Mandarin. while 883JiaFM achieved an average listenership of 265. music and entertainment with a different perspective.3FM. In 2009. The National Library is designed to meet the needs of researchers.23 CULTURE AND RECREATION MediaCorp Pte Ltd Rediffusion Pte Ltd MediaCorp is Singapore’s leading media company with the most complete range of platforms. Radio 91. SAFRA Radio Network Power 98FM and 883JiaFM make up the SAFRA Radio network. It reaches out to 200. Malay and Tamil). educational and recreational programmes for the community. reaching out to 230. newspapers. SPH UnionWorks Pte Ltd SPH UnionWorks Pte Ltd manages and operates two radio stations. Cinema Data on cinema attendances are compiled by the Singapore Department of Statistics from returns submitted by cinema organisations. the Central Public Library (CTPL) and the National Arts Council's Drama Centre.

e-books. loans and collections are generated on a regular basis by the system.nlb.nlb. literature.sg). statistical and financial sources.nl. the Public Library Web (www. Regionally. more than 1.gov. loans and the on-line public access catalogue.000 Singaporerelated online contents that showcase various facets of Singapore life for research purposes. over 560. SSC is working to position Singapore as one of top cities for sports in Asia. NLB also provides reference and advisory services for research assignments. suggest useful search strategies and guide library users to relevant and useful resources available.sg.000 e-journals. NLB also achives more than 27. engineering and biochemical science with global and Asian perspectives. business ventures and personal interest. audiobooks. statistics. . IT. e-magazines and e-comics via its website at eresources. The Chinese. Other resources include the Bloomberg Professionals.000 titles of electronic full-image newspapers. The computerised National Library System links all libraries under the NLB. excellence and business for the nation. complements the Performing Arts Collection at the Library@Esplanade. Using the blueprint produced by the Committee on a Sporting Singapore (CoSS) in 2001. which emphasizes the history.pl. and the National Library Web (www. Those interested in knowing more about contemporary China would find the Chinese collection of yearbooks.gov. Functions of the system include cataloguing. Malay and Tamil Collections offer a diversity of disciplines reflecting the socioeconomic. legal deposits. SSC creates programming. and more.sg). SSC also owns and operates low-cost. business news and annual reports of Singapore listed companies in both print and electronic format. cultural and literary aspects in the three languages. government. NLB’s Circulation System is based on Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology to identify. language. People’s Association and National Parks Board. NLB’s Web Archive Singapore (WAS) offers a rich collection of more than 14. play and work in sports. enquiries. The collections span various Southeast Asian countries with special focus on Malaya and Singapore. Data on library membership. trade and business journals. The Singapore and Southeast Asian Collections feature works on all subject areas with a focus on history. the private sector and other sports bodies such as National Sports Associations to deliver its programmes and initiatives. the Singapore Sports Council (SSC) focuses on creating a self-sustaining ecosystem of sports participation. categorise and track the loan and return of library materials in its network of libraries. including over 180.000 licensed images.23 CULTURE AND RECREATION (cont’d) authoritative cross-disciplinary resource covering subjects such as library and information sciences. Sports in Singapore As the lead government agency for sports. industry development reports and trade directories useful. acquisitions.000 Singapore-related websites and over 10. The Business Collection features a wide variety of materials such as market research reports. The libraries aim to provide answers to queries. serials.000 Government e-publications. as well as some 900.000 music tracks. NLB provides library members with onsite and remote access to a digital library via its 3 sites namely: the National Library Board Web (www. wellmaintained sports and recreational facilities for the public to foster Singapore’s engagement in sports. theory and practice of all facets of the visual arts. SSC works with other government agencies such as Ministry of Education.sg). It offers more than 160 database titles. The Arts Collection. culture. opportunities and accesses for Singaporeans to enjoy. a financial information network service and the Investment Resource Information Service (IRIS)@NLB.

theatre and other performances. promotes community participation in social. educational. video. and handicrafts are excluded. creative photography. Definitions Visual Arts: Refers to public exhibitions of abstract or representational art objects such as paintings. Performing Arts: Refers to folk. regional and international sports events. The National Arts Council (NAC) compiles data on arts activities from performing venues. together with Grassroots Organisations and Community Development Councils. Pop and rock concerts are not included in the statistics. . newspapers and magazines. ceramics. music. installation art and multi-media art. Applied arts like film. Sports and Performing Arts Courses The People’s Association. Residents’ Committee centres and Water-Venture outlets. SSC is committed to developing capabilities in coaching and officiating to improve the quality of play in the local sporting fraternity. pottery. Corporate Singapore’s strong support of Sporting Singapore can be seen in the country’s buoyant and diverse portfolio of local. youth. graphic design. cultural. arts groups and impresarios. sculpture. traditional. SSC has adopted an athlete-centric/coachdriven approach to achieve better results both regionally and internationally.23 CULTURE AND RECREATION (cont’d) International sporting excellence is a key priority for SSC in its efforts to develop a sporting culture. community sports. prints. Performances classified as ‘others’ include acrobatic arts. fashion design. recreational. Working in targeted sports. These activities are conducted mainly at Community Clubs. Traditional arts performances such as lion and dragon dances are excluded as they are usually performed for closed religious and ceremonial audiences. classical and contemporary forms of dance. The Arts SSC is positioning Singapore as a regional hub for international and regional federations and sports business headquarters. cultural concerts and multi-disciplinary performances. adventure and other wholesome activities. jewellery design.

REDIFFUSION SUBSCRIBERS AND CINEMAS (End of Period) 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Television Licences ('000) 677 876 890 888 934 965 977 Pay TV Subscribers1 ('000) 207 412 448 487 531 583 694 Rediffusion Subscribers (No) 16.020 888 888 886 885 949 Television (MediaCorp & 1 MediaWorks ) Source : MediaCorp Pte Ltd UnionWorks Pte Ltd SAFRA Radio SPH MediaWorks Ltd 1 Operated from April 2001 to December 2004.744 2. 23. data include Singtel Mio-TV subscribers.856 455 1.236 9.126 9.500 9.058 176 37 19.640 Source : Media Development Authority StarHub Cable Vision Ltd Singapore Telecommunications (Singtel) Rediffusion Pte Ltd Singapore Department of Statistics 1 With effect from 2007.877 146 36 15. .588 175 40 17.084 167 38 15.576 2.843 2. UnionWorks & SAFRA) 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.000 Cinemas (No) Seating Capacity ('000) Attendances ('000) 158 46 14.744 2.1 TELEVISION LICENCES.000 9.774 147 38 15. PAY TV SUBSCRIBERS.2 RADIO AND TELEVISION TRANSMISSION Hours Per Week Radio (MediaCorp.744 2.956 174 37 19.100 9. Singtel Mio-TV was launched in July 2007.204 8. 2010 23.856 2.

132.432.987 11. Business Times.232.9 309. Chinese Newspapers .474.0 1.114 Tamil 10.946 61.576. Prior to 2004.7 27.289.719.167 14.546 777.163.980. 23.0 631.148 515.118.219 516. data exclude members who have no library transactions in the past 5 years.0 8. English Newspapers .8 3. Thumbs Up.192 57.371.6 251. Tamil Newspapers .8 1.272 1. Malay Newspapers .289 58.0 8.234 60.0 2. Lianhe Wanbao.6 8. CD-Roms.6 1.728 1.204.924.634.8 1.Tamil Murasu/Tamil Murasu Sunday.9 315. .9 24.976.0 296.786 Total Source : Notes : Singapore Press Holdings Ltd MediaCorp Press Ltd Refers to daily average circulation for January-December.394.563.0 5.0 8.715.657 Chinese 528.742. DVDs and music scores).2 1.295.419.0 12.622. My Paper (from 2006).6 5.101.2 416.561.532.359.4 19.0 1.807 1.Berita Harian/Berita Minggu.472 817.996. 2 Loans include books.1 471. Data for 2001 onwards include TODAY.3 7.Lianhe Zaobao. data include materials borrowed from public libraries.8 1.1 28.7 1.0 649.676. With effect from 2004. Data for 2001-2004 include Streats.7 8.033. data include membership from public libraries only.024.038.0 1.291 English 545.0 5.6 1.382 666.6 1.845.2 8.6 27.1 596.735 Malay 64.219.948.909.279.0 1.967 790.0 5.1 26.842 9.239.137 1. VCDs.816.334 61.148.1 8.0 313. zbComma (from 2009).Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.623. government libraries and academic libraries.9 20.523 1.832 663.0 353.717.757. 2010 23.889.3 5.1 20.0 304.8 7.004.083.0 5.3 1.The Straits Times/Sunday Times.0 285.085 1. Friday Weekly (from 1991 to 2008).0 1.6 1.743.5 7.325.985.0 1.3 NATIONAL LIBRARY MEMBERSHIP. magazines and AV materials (such as Video Tapes.5 248.0 8.669.619 656. With effect from 2005.813.6 283.0 31.454.498.782.4 DAILY NEWSPAPER CIRCULATION Number 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 1.622.588 12.7 325.1 18.0 19.739.9 1.409.473. New Paper / New Paper Sunday / Little Red Dot/ IN. BOOK COLLECTIONS AND LOAN OF LIBRARY MATERIALS Thousand Membership 1 Persons Aged 13 years and Over Children Under 13 Years Book Collections English Chinese Malay Tamil Loan of Library Materials 2 Persons Aged 13 Years and Over Children Under 13 Years 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 1.557 14.0 252.0 6.489. data include materials borrowed from public libraries only. Shin Min Daily News.5 12.941.9 4.3 325.1 139.518 877.110 683.768.140 904.5 Source : National Library Board 1 With effect from 2004.0 599.1 1.0 605.750 1.855. CDs.106 9.310.5 1.061 61.615.3 23.5 28.978.

From October 2002 to July 2007.3 666.0 1.386.6 43.0 Singapore Zoological Gardens Night Safari Jurong BirdPark Pte Ltd Sentosa Development Corporation The Esplanade Co Ltd With effect from April 2006. Between April to November 2006.0 880.868. SDC was closed for a major makeover in November 2004.700.984.1 1.6 1.500.4 1.5 7.2 1.9 346.8 437.5 82. Includes visitorship to 8Q Singapore Art Museum which officially opened on 15 August 2008.3 4.283.8 858.8 251. Figures include visitors to Asian Civilisations Museum at Armenian Street (up to December 2005) and Asian Civilisations Museum at Empress Place Building (with effect from March 2003).7 675. regardless of whether the entries are based on paid admissions or those not requiring payment.556.1 789.148.7 543.086. Excludes arrivals to Southern Islands (i. St John's Island and Sisters' Island).1 697.9 270.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.3 92.989.4 na na na na na 171.e. The Peranakan Museum (TPM) was officially opened on 26 April 2008. was re-opened as the National Museum of Singapore (NMS) on 8 December 2006.8 739.2 1. 9 Esplanade-Theatres on the Bay 7 Source : National Heritage Board Jurong Gardens Pte Ltd Singapore Discovery Centre Singapore Science Centre 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 141. 4 Singapore Philatelic Museum The Peranakan Museum 1 5 Chinese/Japanese Gardens 6 Singapore Discovery Centre 7.9 - 201.136.5 1.177.3 875. 2 National Museum of Singapore Singapore Art Museum 3 1.1 300.0 180.7 598.1 200.4 158.4 3.6 na 858.4 1.7 5.1 806. The Singapore History Museum which was closed from March 2006.3 61. 2010 23. As it was reopened only in July 2006.0 5.3 7.1 889.5 95.8 276.3 5.3 292.8 575.007.405.3 1.0 6.442.0 335.8 577.0 8.0 190.1 94.039. Pulau Hantu.9 134. Kusu. .6 1. All visitors who access the museum premises are captured in the count.370.0 510.0 7. visitorship to the museums is counted using an automatic tracking system (PCATS) whereby a device is fixed at entrances to the museums.663.3 107.493.9 1.0 7.5 VISITORS TO PLACES OF INTEREST Thousand 1999 Asian Civilisations Museum 1.100. Japanese Garden was closed for renovation.7 788. Data refer to the financial year which begins in April of the current year and ends in March of the following year.1 841.1 879.200.132.059.8 209.9 743.2 1.6 91.589.1 871.4 1.1 87.002.6 225.4 783. Year 2008 data refer to the number of visitors to TPM from 26 April 2008 to 31 December 2008. 8 Singapore Science Centre Singapore Zoological Gardens Night Safari Jurong BirdPark Sentosa 7.5 314.7 4.8 989.6 862. Year 2004 data refer to Singapore Discovery Centre (SDC) visitorship from April to October 2004.465.7 1.5 na 7. year 2006 data refer to SDC visitorship from July 2006 to March 2007.8 740.961.4 698.9 337.7 841. exhibitions and fringe activities were held on the premises of the NMS.

fencing. data refer to other bookings at sports hall facilities managed by SSC.819 319. eg fencing.373 1.533 24.431 1. eg table-tennis.853 654.974 8.299.438 6.283 7.051 573.474 307.297 24.244 132.187 12.328 3.747 Basketball 1 na na na 13.919 710.794 1 na na na 11.440 1.935 352.350 47.987 6.283 1.271 319.690 3.602 17.717 20.833 Hockey 3.257. basketball.470.112 12. 2010 23. volleyball.716 7.154 18.289.298 18.711 6.6 UTILISATION OF SPORTS FACILITIES Number 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Attendances Swimming 6.858 7.015 19.006 117.882 1.590 6.895 3.796 14.490. .324 117.585 Soccer 7. With effect from 2006.293 12.559 Netball 5.187 Gymnasium Bookings Total 28.817.038 10.695.291 401.829 23.438 1.244 616.537 7.128 18.634 1.245 Badminton 1 Squash 205.866 3.525.289 14.574.696 8.384 1.391 18.589. data refer to other bookings at sports hall facilities managed by SSC.384 132. 2 Prior to 2006.840 372.096 na 100. floorball etc.763 3.617 580.318 90. floorball etc.433 1.915 Tennis 102.165 8.431 na 557.412 114.368.511 53.013 Rugby 535 622 686 424 522 560 497 Athletics 616 874 1.791.375 669.250 103.770 27.325 Table-tennis 1 na na na 45.141 27.670 4.042 8.308 12.518 27.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.014 16.823 Volleyball Others 2 Source : Singapore Sports Council (SSC) Note : Refers to sports facilities provided by SSC.495 66.212 1.700 15. 1 Refers to bookings of sports hall facilities managed by SSC.077.

755 156.683 188.629 5.553 78.579 98 134 179 306 440 724 848 1.184 180. .010 94 6.545 89.931 58.639 83.355 4.056 4.495 21.871 210.500 19.732 165.755 17.860 48.658 1.685 19.871 1.474 21.220 78.203 269 241 440 6.172 8.806 144 8.300 8.203 50.463 23.305 18.517 7.317 1.541 43.918 9.823 2.084 440 12.754 26.013 20.967 7.649 2. With effect from 2003.387 3.922 3.991 105.156 3.237 62.571 96. data exclude playgroup.500 5.843 Drama 1 Music 7.185 3.251 118.902 38.261 50.871 8.571 16.793 2.436 171.879 12.919 103.002 5.709 4.571 23.852 1.668 Vocal 2.022 2.689 5.867 73.956 8.061 7.809 4.119 7.400 21.665 3.604 511 Classes Sports Courses Ball Games Board / Intellectual Games Keep Fit Martial Arts Performing Sports Water Sports Performing Arts Courses Dance 3.125 3.016 7.895 217. data pertain to Sports and Performing Arts courses conducted by Community Clubs only.600 48.912 18.300 823 138.458 25.036 959 1.821 77.773 1.200 79.628 Drama 1 Music 500 3.360 3.351 Participants Sports Courses Ball Games Board / Intellectual Games Keep Fit Martial Arts Performing Sports Water Sports Performing Arts Courses Dance 43.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.748 3.892 382 9.645 3.500 42.980 7.686 6.149 4.687 14.438 44.553 68 7.306 3.866 56.930 208. RESIDENTS' COMMITTEES AND PA WATER-VENTURE Number Type of Course 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 11.913 56.502 99. Prior to 2003.752 157.833 22.177 192.300 2.994 3.646 6.614 7.359 69.588 97.7 SPORTS AND PERFORMING ARTS COURSES CONDUCTED BY COMMUNITY CLUBS.016 89.024 3.473 Source : People's Association (PA) Notes : Period refers to calendar year.212 54.593 4.577 9 38 65 87 91 242 335 6.372 16. 2010 23.495 1.849 Vocal 42.310 14.592 54.298 3.517 17.061 796 843 984 14.906 321 1 6 8 10 11 19 24 478 2.700 22.272 8. Sports and Performing Arts courses conducted by PA Water-Venture and Residents' Committees are also included.778 3.600 201. 1 With effect from 2007.

494.000 132.105 1.800 124.290.066 500 163 1.433 949 372 2.200 445.039 234 1.753 783 214 1.000 986 7.661 880 2.700 538.700 1.986 929 21. 2 Ticketed attendance for each art form are rounded to the nearest hundred.000 452.792 Visual Arts Exhibitions Number Days Source : National Arts Council Note : With effect from 2002.036 1.527 1.228 139.177 944 22.897 90.824 252 3.400 na na na na na 406 7.838 824 19.556 2.8 THE ARTS Number Art Form 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Performing Arts Total Performances 1 Music Dance Theatre Others 3.100 121.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.400 1.020 295. 2010 23.400 93.100 2.410 2.946 451 6.006 7. .165 1.500 814.200 146.992 716 1.585 171 3.300 474.073 216 Ticketed Attendances 2 Music Dance Theatre Others 914.627 568 12.715 307 5.500 60.559.262.200 120. ticketed attendances and and visual arts exhibitions at the Esplanade .434 1.500 687. data include performances.226 990 2.791 2.495 268 3.900 1.264 482 1.100 1.909 1.875 660 14. 1 Includes both ticketed and non-ticketed performances.600 159.403 834 280 2.654 542 13.700 127.Theatres on the Bay.331 72 2.986 387.009 Ticketed Performances Music Dance Theatre Others 2.110.800 119.733 826 7.859 711 2.382 948 358 1.449 3.233 961 6.710 741 317 1.093 916 2.551 101 2.001 111 3.300 445.200 574.090 3.300 532.900 547.768 1.

2010 23.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore. 2 Includes arts companies registered under the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority.9 REGISTERED ARTS SOCIETIES AND COMPANIES Number Art Form 1999 2004 2005 2006 Societies Total Music Dance Chinese Opera Theatre Literature Visual Arts Photography Multi-Discipline 2007 2008 2009 1 224 267 288 302 317 327 345 59 21 10 41 13 39 9 32 81 20 13 47 17 38 10 41 87 23 13 48 19 40 10 48 90 24 13 49 22 43 9 52 99 26 12 52 22 44 9 53 103 26 12 56 23 45 9 53 109 26 16 55 32 54 11 42 Companies 2 Total Music Dance Chinese Opera Theatre Visual Arts Multi-Discipline 220 321 359 428 477 595 856 14 8 27 25 135 11 25 13 35 51 158 39 28 19 36 60 174 42 35 21 38 72 211 51 66 26 34 73 212 66 79 27 38 90 273 88 163 60 33 95 363 142 Source : National Arts Council 1 Includes arts societies registered under the Registrar of Societies. .

MISCELLANEOUS .

On water demand management. As of December 2009. and the total electricity produced was 41. the total licensed generation capacity was 12. Total town gas sold in 2009 was 1. Tuas Power Generation Pte Ltd. Keppel Merlimau Cogen Pte Ltd and SembCorp Cogen Pte Ltd compete to sell electricity in the NEMS. NEWater and desalinated water. There are six licensed electricity retailers. The remaining two licensees. about 75% of the total electricity demand is open to competition. In addition. namely .374 MW. has not started operations.24 MISCELLANEOUS Water Supply PUB. drainage system. the gas industry in Singapore consists of two wholly separate gas networks . namely. Seraya Energy Pte Ltd and Tuas Power Supply Pte Ltd. SembCorp Power Pte Ltd. The generation companies bid to sell electricity every half hour at the National Electricity Market of Singapore (NEMS). Natural gas is supplied to Singapore via two pipelines from Indonesia.041MW. which will allow domestic consumers to buy electricity from retailers of their choice. rivers. The National Environment Agency (NEA).8MW of gridconnected solar photovoltaic capacity in 2009. Singapore’s water supply is diversified through the four National Taps. Senoko Energy Pte Ltd. water from local catchments. namely. NEMS is operated and administered by the Energy Market Company. Keppel Seghers Tuas Waste-To-Energy Plant Pte Ltd and Senoko Waste-To-Energy Pte Ltd operate incineration plants and sell the electricity generated from these plants. Senoko Energy Supply Pte Ltd. To ensure sustainability of Singapore’s water supply. Peak demand in 2009 was 6. efforts are taken to diversify the supply sources and manage demand. PUB works with the community and various sectors to adopt water conservation measures and promotes the use of water-efficient household appliances and water saving devices. Currently. Currently. The town gas network serves about 53% of the households in Singapore and is used mainly for cooking and water heating by domestic and commercial customers. Five of the ten generation licensees. Electricity The Energy Market Authority (EMA) was formed in April 2001 to ensure reliability of supply of electricity and gas and to promote competition in these industries. Piped Gas Industry Currently. the sixth company.801 GWh. there is 1. EMA is now looking to implement full contestability in the electricity retail market. imported water from Johor.461 million units. of which five actively compete to sell electricity to contestable consumers. namely: Keppel Electric Pte Ltd. water reclamation plants and sewerage system. Potable water is supplied to all parts of Singapore and the fluoridated water is treated to a quality well within the World Health Organisation’s Guildelines for Drinking Water Quality. Island Power Company Pte Ltd and Shell Eastern Petroleum Pte Ltd have not started operations. Island Power Supply Pte Ltd. there are ten generation licensees in the electricity market. waterworks. Currently. PowerSeraya Ltd. Singapore’s national water agency manages the country’s reservoirs.the town gas network and the natural gas network.

24 MISCELLANEOUS (cont’d) West Natuna and South Sumatra. Waste generated in Singapore is broadly classified into two categories. vessels. used for residential purpose only. etc. Singapore has been transformed into an urbanised and industrialised country. They are: (a) Domestic Waste . In 2009. Non-buildings: Refers to all other properties or things other than buildings. Definitions Residential buildings: Refers to all buildings. and facilitate greater competition. It does not include hotels. markets. Singapore has in place an integrated solid waste management system. services and public buildings. Natural gas is used mainly for power generation. food retail outlets. schools and trade premises. such as commercial. manufacturing. commercial and industrial buildings: Refers to all buildings. vegetation. . (b) Non-domestic Waste . Singapore will also be importing Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG). the National Environment Agency (NEA) has adopted the following strategies to manage the growth in solid waste generation: (a) Minimise waste generation at source (b) Reduce the amount of waste disposed of by recycling (c) Reduce the volume of combustible waste to be landfilled by incineration Today. Criminal offences Singapore's crime statistics are compiled from offences reported to the police during the reference period and not at the time the offences were actually committed. either permanent or temporary. With limited land resources available for waste disposal.Collected from residential premises. such as vehicles. boarding houses. Incinerable waste that is not recycled is collected and disposed of safely at waste-toenergy plants while non-incinerable waste and incineration ashes are disposed of at the Semakau sanitary landfill. etc. bridges. A new framework for the gas industry was implemented in 2008 to open up access to the natural gas network in Singapore. storage. hostels. used for other than residential purpose. Solid Waste Management Over the last four decades. Public.Collected from commercial and industrial premises. This has led to an increase in the amount of solid waste generated over time. aircraft. Fire Occurrences The Singapore Civil Defence Force’s (SCDF) mission is to protect and save lives and property for a safe and secure Singapore. sales. To diversify our sources of energy and to meet rising demand for energy. discarded materials. natural gas contributed to about 81% of the total electricity generated. electrical cables. canals. either permanent or temporary. The data on fire occurrences are compiled by the SCDF. as well as two pipelines from Malaysia.

Orders Made and Discharges A Bankruptcy Petition/Application is filed with the High Court by the creditor or the debtor himself. A Discharge refers to the conclusion of the bankruptcy of an individual. Upon the bankruptcy petition/ application. The individual is no longer subject to the restrictions and disabilities of a bankrupt. the High Court may make a Bankruptcy Order declaring the individual a bankrupt.24 MISCELLANEOUS (cont’d) Bankruptcy Petitions/Applications. .

134.1 36.344. the sales figures are recognised based on the invoice date.City Gas Pte Ltd (with effect from 1st quarter 2002) One unit is equivalent to one kilowatt hour.2 ELECTRICITY GENERATION AND SALES Gigawatt Hours Generation Sales 1 Domestic Manufacturing 2 Other Industries 2 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 29.9 122.2 186.2 40.8 41.8 599.950.6 15.568.4 629.8 37.7 29.455.2 15.923.374.6 13.1 6.296.820.5 7.3 GAS SALES 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 1.653.9 15.2 812.512.152.426.1 Source : Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources Public Utilities Board 24.3 33.5 71.9 Piped Gas Sales (Town Gas) (million units) Liquefied Petroleum Gas Sales (net tonnes) Domestic 1 Non-Domestic1 Source : Liquefied Petroleum Gas Sales .7 575.996.Energy Market Authority (with effect from 2003) Electricity Sales .3 35.442.7 440.SP Services Ltd (with effect from 2003) SP PowerAssets Ltd (prior to 2003) 1 Prior to August 2008.764.084.2 13.8 1.0 15.1 56.8 6.4 12.572.709.402.868.0 41.0 253.8 51.8 577.748.9 192.3 256.171.5 462.940.2 41.2 34.116.4 277.8 585.420.5 38.5 15. 2010 24.461.2 24.212.200.8 6.3 Source : Electricity Generation .8 14.2 833. some accounts in "Other Industries" have been re-classified into "Manufacturing".543.716.7 66.5 14.6 191.4 80.2 5.4 826.0 82.5 190.3 37.0 34.041.8 796.6 1. With effect from August 2008.0 14. 2 With effect from July 2009.731.Singapore Department of Statistics PowerGas Ltd (up till 4th quarter 2001) Piped Gas Sales .0 189.2 17.1 WATER SALES 3 million m / year 1999 Sales 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 439.1 78.2 30.9 455.2 831.119.446.4 Domestic 486.5 1.9 11. 1 Data prior to 2006 may not be comparable following revision of source data from 2006 onwards.1 90.1 768.8 Non-domestic 205.880.1 94.3 6.398.750.2 440.8 622.447.809.705.800.005.9 91.974.3 37.761.6 27.5 Non-Domestic 820.0 10.243.7 39.123.005.6 251.3 6.883.0 1.344.125.592.0 Domestic 234.0 1.3 190.621.6 120.6 22.921.195. .3 264.2 271.482.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore. 24.4 64.2 1.628.977.261.2 448.520.524. the sales data were recognised based on the meter-reading date.1 94.306.3 43.165.0 468.

876 3.63 Domestic 1.702 4.11 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.195 3.80 2.891 3.46 1.4 WASTE DISPOSED AND RECYCLED Million Tonnes 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Waste Disposed 2.796 4.50 1.056 2.48 1.07 1.213 3.850 4.56 2.957 3.31 2.973 5. Commercial & Industrial Non-Building Source : Singapore Civil Defence Force .66 3.13 1.52 Non-domestic 1.916 5.696 3.348 1.48 Waste Recycled Source : Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources National Environment Agency 24.10 1.834 4.039 4.63 2.03 3.43 1.57 2.48 2.691 3.210 3.07 1.236 Building 4.135 962 962 1.385 3.34 3.37 1.025 1.154 1.41 1.47 2.54 2.011 4.14 1.041 Residential Public. 2010 24.88 2.41 1.5 FIRE OCCURRENCES Number Type of Property 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total 5.544 820 681 635 610 621 626 651 1.567 3.

078 3.405 2.944 1.968 3.767 2.113 1.565 3.554 2.553 3.327 2.299 18.393 962 4.626 1.609 898 19.644 1.488 3.108 925 4.6 CRIME CASES RECORDED Type of Offence 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Number of Cases Recorded Overall Crime Crimes Against Persons Violent Property Crimes Housebreaking and Related Crimes Theft and Related Crimes Commercial Crimes Miscellaneous Crimes 32.495 926 19.647 21.389 3.711 3.113 32.918 3.190 4.500 3. 2010 24.058 Bankruptcy Discharges 2.7 NUMBER OF BANKRUPTCY PETITIONS/APPLICATIONS.623 37.754 Bankruptcy Orders Made 3.357 3.026 20.064 Per 100.907 1.634 1. ORDERS MADE AND DISCHARGES 1999 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Petitions/Applications For Bankruptcy 4.606 772 4.201 20.111 2.506 3.454 1.556 3.004 4.796 33.323 1.Yearbook of Statistics Singapore.954 2.542 2.551 22.263 32.000 Population Overall Crime Rate Crimes Against Persons Violent Property Crimes Housebreaking and Related Crimes Theft and Related Crimes Commercial Crimes Miscellaneous Crimes 831 735 870 756 715 684 661 91 20 99 22 108 28 93 23 90 22 91 20 88 15 42 544 61 73 31 438 75 71 36 532 79 85 27 461 72 79 20 426 78 79 19 412 72 71 21 409 67 61 Source : Police Intelligence Department 24.891 30.054 4.983 2.402 3.027 4.608 1.236 3.018 5.122 4.301 3.370 749 1.093 33.718 1.103 1.159 3.217 2.054 Source : Insolvency and Public Trustee's Office .682 1.

classifications and links. All softcopy DOS publications are available for free downloading.html. relevant statistics and related press releases. and statistical terms and definitions. occasional and information papers to subscribers via email. Internet users can access the website by connecting to: http://www.singstat. financial and external sectors.gov. SMS alert service is also available to local users. Singapore External Trade. notices of publication.Papers & Analyses which provide papers on economic and social topics. Real Estate Information and Employment Situation.sg/express).singstat. The website also provides a convenient gateway to international statistical websites under the “Statistical Resources” section:   Guide to International Statistics which covers international databases. Tourism Sector Performance. Subscription details are available from the Statistics Singapore Website (www.sg Key Singapore statistics are available via the following sections:  Statistics which provide key data on Singapore’s economy and population. fiscal. Within each theme.  News which cover the Performance of Singapore Economy. . Publications . the Wholesale Trade Index.gov.gov. IMF Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board which provides metadata about Singapore’s key indicators in the real. Business Receipts Index for Service Industries. SingStat Express SingStat Express is a personalised data delivery service which sends the latest press releases. Manufacturing Performance. Themes which presents official statistics compiled by DOS and the Research and Statistics Units in the various ministries and statutory boards according to themes.SINGAPORE DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS INFORMATION DISSEMINATION SERVICES Statistics Singapore Website The Statistics Singapore Website was launched by the Singapore Department of Statistics (DOS) in January 1995. newsletter.   Statistical resources are available via:  Publication Catalogue which lists the latest editions of publications released by the Singapore Department of Statistics at http://www.singstat. including dissemination practices and information about pre-release access of current indicators. Retail Sales and Catering Trade Indices.  Advance Release Calendar which covers key Singapore economic indicators. publications and references are provided.sg/pubn/catalog. the Consumer Price Index.

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