ABSTARCT A biometric system uniquely identifies and authenticates humans based on their physical or behavioral features.

Iris recognition is one of the most reliable methods of biometric

authentication that recognizes a person by pattern of the iris. No two irises are alike - not between identical twins, or even between the left and right eye of the same person. “IRIS Based Security System”, presented here, gathers iris information from segmented iris and encodes the pattern into bit information. This bit information or biometric template is used to compare and identify the authenticated or impostor users. Iris recognition

algorithms also need to isolate and exclude the artifacts as well as locate the circular iris region from the acquired eye image. Artifacts in iris include eyelids and eyelashes partially covering it.

Then, the extracted iris region needs to be normalized.

The normalization process will

unwrap the doughnut shaped extracted irises into a constant dimensional rectangle. The significant features of the normalized iris must be encoded so that comparisons between templates can be made. Our system makes use of a 1D Log-Gabor Filter to create a bitwise biometric template. Finally, templates are matched using Hamming distance. The

Hamming distance gives a clear measure of number of bits that are same between two bit patterns. A decision can then be made upon whether the two patterns were generated from different irises or from the same one.

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