ACTIVITY 9: Muscular System

Pre-Lab Discussion

SKELETAL SYSTEM
FUNCTIONS: Movement Locomotion

Muscles and Body Movements
• Movement is attained due to a muscle moving an attached bone

Figure 6.12
Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings

Slide 6.30a

Muscles and Body Movements
• Muscles are attached to at least two points
• Origin – attachment to an immoveable bone • Insertion – attachment to a movable bone
Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings

Figure 6.12

Slide 6.30b

Types of Ordinary Body Movements
• Flexion • Extension • Rotation • Abduction • Circumduction
Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings

= flexor = extensor = rotator = abductor

Slide 6.32

Body Movements

Figure 6.13
Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings

Slide 6.33

Special Movements
• Dorsifelxion • Plantar flexion • Inversion • Eversion • Supination • Pronation • Opposition
Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings

= dorsiflexor

= supinator = pronator
Slide 6.34

Naming of Skeletal Muscles
• Direction of muscle fibers
• Example: rectus (straight)

• Relative size of the muscle
• Example: maximus (largest)

Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings

Slide 6.36a

Naming of Skeletal Muscles
• Location of the muscle • Example: many muscles are named for bones (e.g., temporalis) • Number of origins • Example: triceps (three heads)
Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings

Slide 6.36b

Naming of Skeletal Muscles
• Location of the muscles origin and insertion
• Example: sterno (on the sternum)

• Shape of the muscle
• Example: deltoid (triangular)

• Action of the muscle
• Example: flexor and extensor (flexes or extends a bone)
Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings

Slide 6.37

• • • • •

IDENTIFY THE FROG MUSCLES

TASKS:

Ventral head and trunk muscles Ventral muscles of the thigh and shank Ventral muscles of the forelimbs Dorsl muscles of the head and trunk Dorsal muscles of the thigh and shank

1. ORIGINS 2. INSERTIONS

LOCATE THEIR:

IDENTIFY THEIR ACTIONS

START…

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