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MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
1) Of the elements below, ~
has the highest melting point. C) Na except C) NaCI is a weak acid. _
2) All of the following are ionic compounds A) Si02 B) K20 3) Of the hydrogen halides, only A) HCI (aq) B) HF (aq) C) HI (aq) 0) HBr (aq) E) They are all weak acids.
4) Sodium is much more apt to exist as a cation than is chlorine. This is because A) chlorine has a greater electron affinity than sodium does S) chlorine is bigger than sodium C) chlorine has a greater ionization energy than sodium does 0) chlorine is a gas and sodium is a solid E) chlorine is more metallic than sodium 5) Hydrogen is unique among the elements because _ 1. It has only one valence electron. 2. It is the only element that can emit an atomic spectrum. 3. Its electron is not at all shielded from its nucleus. 4. It is the lightest element. S. It is the only element to exist at room temperature as a diatomic gas. A) 1,2, 3, 4, 5 B) 2, 3, 4 C) 3, 4 0) 1,3, 4 6) An alkaline earth metal forms a compound with oxygen with the formula (The symbol M represents anyone of the alkaline earth metals.) A) M202 B) MO C) M02 0) M03 _
7) Element X reacts with chlorine to form a compound with the formula XCI2. The oxide of element X is basic. Element X is A) Rb . B) P C)H 0) Ca E) Al
8) Which of the following species is isoelectronic with argon? A) Si2+ B) CIC) Sc2-
9) A) B) C) D) E)
have the lowest first ionization Transition elements Halogens Alkaline earth metals Alkali metals Noble gases
energies of the groups listed.
10) The first noble gas to be incorporated A) Ar B) He
into a compound was C) Ne
_ D) Kr E)Xe
Consider thefollowing electron configurations to answer the questions that follow:
Is2 2s2 2p6 3s1 (ii) Is2 2s2 2p6 3s2 (i) (iii) 1s2 2s2 2p6 3sL 3p 1 (iv) Is2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4 (v) Is2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5
11) The electron configuration
of the atom that is expected to have a positive electron affinity is B) (ii) C) (iii) D) (iv) to the atom with the highest second ionization C) (iii) D) (iv) energy is
_ E) (v) _ E) (v)
12) The electron configuration belonging A) (i) B) (ii) 13) The elements A) Mg or Ba
14) Which of the following
could be used to produce a red or crimson color in fireworks. B) Sr C) Ba D) Na or K correctly lists the five atoms in order of increasing Mg < Ba Mg < Ba Ba < Mg Mg < Ba Ba < Mg
E) Ca, Sr, or Li
size (smallest to largest)?
A) B) C) D) E)
F 0 F F 0
< < < < <
0< F< 0< S< F<
S S S 0 S
< < < < <
15) Which of the following generalizations cannot be made with regard to reactions M represents anyone of the alkali metals.) A) 2M (s) + H2 (g) -> 2MH (s) B) 2M (s) + S (s) _,. M2S (s) C) M (s) + 02 (g) _,. M02 (s) D) 2M (s) + 2H20 E) 2M (s) + Cl2 (g)
of alkali metals?
2MOH (aq) + H2 (g)
16) Elements in the modern version of the periodic table are arranged A) atomic mass B) average atomic mass C) oxidation number D) number of isotopes E) atomic number 17) Oxides of the active metals combine with water to form __ A) metal hydrides B) oxygen gas C) hydrogen gas D) water and a salt E) metal hydroxides 18) Which nonmetal A) bromine exists as a diatomic solid? B) antimony ~_
in order of increasing
D) boron energy? D) Se with neon. 0) Ne-, Kr+ of aluminum?
19) Of the following elements, which has the largest first ionization A) As B) S C) Ge 20) A) F+,Fis isoelectronic with argon and B) cr-. o-
C) Ne-, Ar+
E) CI-, F-
21) Which of the following correctly represents A) Al+ (g) -A12+ (g) + eB) AI+ (g) + e- ~ Al (g)
C) AI- (g) + e- ~ A12- (g)
the second ionization
D) AI+ (g) + e- ~ A12+ (g) E) Al
+ ebe expected to have very similar chemical properties? C) Na, Mg, K 0) S, Se, Si E) 0, S, Se
22) In which set of elements would all members A) N, 0, F B) Ne, Na, Mg 23) Which equation correctly represents Ca- (g) + eCa+ (g) + eCa (g) + e-
the electron affinity of calcium?
A) Ca (g) + e- -- Ca- (g)
C) Ca (g) ~
O) Ca+ (g) + e- -- Ca (g) E) Ca- (g)
24) Which group 6A element is a metal? A) sulfur B) tellurium C) polonium D) selenium E) tellurium and polonium 3
25) Vlhich alkali metal reacts with oxygen to produce a peroxide? A) rubidium B) sodium C) lithium 26) Which of the following A) F-, Ne, Na+ B) F, Ne, Na C) p3-, S2-, Ac D) A13+, S2-, Ar E) sets contains species that are isoelectronic?
ci Ar, K
would produce an acidic solution when dissolved C) Na20 D) C02 in water? E) MgO
27) Which one of the following compounds A) CaO B) SrO 28)
is a unique element and does not truly belong to any family. A) Hydrogen B) Helium C) Radium D) Nitrogen series below has the largest radius in a crystal? B) 02C) FD) Na+ has the most negative electron affinity. C)N O)Na
29) Which ion in the isoelectronic A) N3-
30) Of the following elements, A)F B)Li 31) Which one A) They B) They C) They D) They E) They
of the following is not true about the alkali metals? have the lowest first ionization energies of the elements. all readily form ions with a +1 charge. are low density solids at room temperature. all have 2 electrons in their valence shells. are very reactive elements.
32) Atomic radius generally increases as we move _ A) down a group and from right to left across a period B) up a group and from left to right across a period C) down a group; the period position has no effect D) up a group and from right to left across a period E) down a group and from left to right across a period 33) What is the coefficient of M when the following equation is completed M (s) + H20 (1) ~ A) 1 8)2 C)3 D) 4
if M is an alkali metal?
Consider the following electron configurations to answer the questions that follow:
[Kr] 551 (ii) [Ne] 3s2 3p5 (iii) [Ar]4s2 3d10 4p4 (iv) [Ne] 3s2 3p6 (i) (v) [Ar]4s1 34) The electron configuration of the atom that is expected to form a stable -2 ion is A) (i) B) (ii) C) (iii) D) (iv) _
35) The electron configuration of the atom that is expected to have the lowest first ionization energy is A) (i) B) (ii) C) (iii) D) (iv) E) (v) 36) Of the following oxides, A) Na20 is the most acidic. C) Li20
E)CaO This element is E)Ca
37) This element is more reactive than lithium and magnesium but less reactive than potassium. A) Fr
B) Rb C) Na
38) Which equation correctly represents the first ionization of aluminum? A) Al (g) ~ AI- (g) + eB) Al (g) + e- __,. I- (g) A C) AI+ (g) + e- -+ Al (g) D) Al (g) _,. AI+ (g) + e-
E) AI- (g) _., Al (g) + e" 39) Which one of the following elements has the largest atomic radius? A) Te B) As C) Se 40) Of the halogens, which are gases at room temperature A) fluorine, chlorine, and bromine B) fluorine, chlorine, and iodine C) fluorine and chlorine D) fluorine, bromine, and iodine E) fluorine, chlorine, bromine, and iodine and atmospheric
D) S pressure?
41) Which one of the following groups contains only nonmetals? A) 8A B) 2A C) 5A 42) Of the elements below, A) Ar is the most metallic. C) Al
43) Of the following substances, __ ~ __ A) H20 B) C02
is always produced C) NaOH of metals?
when an active metal reacts with water. 0) H2 E) 02
44) Which of the following is not a characteristic A) low ionization energies B) malleability C) acidic oxides 0) ductility E) These are all characteristics of metals.
45) Electrons in the Is subshell are much closer to the nucleus in Ar than in He due to the larger A) paramagnetism B) azimuthal quantum number C) diamagnetism 0) nuclear charge E) Hund's rule
46) Screening by the valence electrons in atoms is _ A) essentially identical to that by core electrons B) responsible for a general increase in atomic radius going across a period C) more efficient than that by core electrons 0) less efficient than that by core electrons E) both more efficient than that by core electrons and responsible for a general increase in atomic radius going across a period 47) Which of the alkali metals can react with oxygen to form a metal peroxide? A) Li only B) Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Fr C) Li and Na 0) K, Rb, and Cs E) Cs only
48) In which of the following
atoms is the 2s orbital closest to the nucleus?
A) Cl B) S C)P 0) Si E) 'The 2s orbitals are the same distance from the nucleus in all of these atoms.
49) Consider the general valence electron (i) Elements with this electron ionization energies. (ii) Elements with this electron ionization energies. (iii) Elements with this electron electron affinities. (iv) Elements with this electron Which st are true? A) (i) and (iii) B) (ii) and (iii) C) (i), (iii,) and (iv) D) (ii)and (iv) E) All statements are true. 50) Of the following metals, A)Ca
configuration of ns2 and the following statements: configuration have low second configuration configuration configuration have high third have positive form basic oxides.
exhibits multiple oxidation states. C)Cs
51) Which alkaline earth metal will not react with liquid water or with steam? A) Ba B) Mg C) Be D) Ca E) They all react with liquid water and with steam. 52) Which ion below has the largest radius? A) ClB) FC) K+ D) Na+ E) Be
53) In nature, the noble gases exist as A) solids in rocks and in minerals B) monatomic gaseous atoms C) alkali metal salts D) the gaseous fluorides E) the sulfides 54) Of the following elements, which have been shown to form compounds? helium neon argon krypton xenon
A) xenon and argon B) xenon and krypton C) xenon, krypton, and argon D) xenon only E) None of the above can form compounds.
55) Nonmetals can be A) liquid or gas B) solid, liquid, or gas C) solid or liquid D) solid only E) liquid only
at room temperature.
56) All of the halogens _ A) exist under ambient conditions as diatomic gases B) tend to form negative ions of several different charges C) tend to form positive ions of several different charges D) form salts with alkali metals with the f~rmula MX E) exhibit metallic character 57) Oxides of most nonmetals combine with water to form A) water and a salt B) a base C) hydrogen gas D) an acid E) water _
58) Of the following atoms, which has the largest first ionization energy? A) C B) Br C) I 59) Which of the following has the largest second ionization energy? A) Al B)P C)Na
60) Na reacts with element X to form an ionic compound with the formula Na3X. Ca will react with X to form B) CaX2 D) CaX
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