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1. Two taps A and B can fill a tank in 10 hours and 15 hours and 15

hours respectively. If both the taps are opened together, the tank will be full in ? Ans:6hrs Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: If A can do a piece of work in x hours and B can do a piece of work in y hours. Then A and B together will do the work in Answer with Explanation: Time taken by A = Time taken by B = 10 hours 15 hours

15 X 10 15 +10 15 X 10 25

xy x +y

Moderately easy

Difficult

hours

Time taken by A and B = =

=

6 hours.

Pipes and Cisterns, BU

Page 1

www.aptitudecoach.com

2. To fill a cistern, pipes A, B and C take 20 minutes, 15 minute and 12

minutes respectively. The time in minutes that the three pipes together will take to fill the cistern is: Ans:5 Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: A can do a piece of work in x minutes B can do a piece of work in y minutes C can do a piece of work in z minutes Minute’s work of each of the three is 1/x +1/y + 1/z Answer with Explanation: 1 minutes work of each of the three pipes = = = = 1/20 + 1/15 + 1/12

3 + 4 +5 60 12 60

Moderately easy

Difficult

=

1/5 5 minutes

Pipes and Cisterns, BU

Page 2

www.aptitudecoach.com

1 hours of work of each of the three pipes Answer with Explanation: 1 minutes work of each of the three pipes = = = = = 1/10 + 1/12 . Two pipes can fill a tank in 10 hours and 12 hours resp. while third pipe empties the full tank in 20 hours. in how much time the tank will be filled? Ans.7 hrs 30 mins Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: Pipe A can fill a tank in x hours and pipe B can fill a tank in y hours and pipe C can empty it in z hours.1/20 6 +5 −3 60 2 1 5 8 60 Moderately easy Difficult = 1/x +1/y .3.1/z = 15/2 hours = 7 ½ hour 7 hours 30 minutes. BU Page 3 www.aptitudecoach.com . If all the pipes are operate simultaneously. Pipes and Cisterns. If all the three pipes operate simultaneously.

aptitudecoach. then the time that the leak will take to empty it is: Ans:90 hrs Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: If A can fill a tank in x hours and B can fill a tank in y hours. Then the tank will be filled (empty) in Answer with Explanation: Time taken by A = Time taken by B = 9 hours 10 hours 9 x10 10 − 9 xy x −y Moderately easy Difficult hours Time taken by A and B = = 90 hours. Pipes and Cisterns. BU Page 4 www. A cistern can be filled in 9 hours but it takes 10 hours due to a leak in its bottom.4. If the cistern is full.com .

it took 3 ½ hours to fill the tank. BU Page 5 www.5.com . an electric pump can fill a tank in 3 hours.aptitudecoach. Because of a leak in the tank. Then the tank will be filled (empty) in xy x −y Moderately easy Difficult hours Answer with Explanation: Time taken = Time taken = 3 hours 3 ½ hours 3 x3 1 2 Time taken by A and B = 3 1 −3 2 7 2 3x = 7 −3 2 7 2 7 −6 2 3x = = 21 hours Pipes and Cisterns. The leak can drain out of all the water of the tank in: Ans:21 hrs Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: If A can fill a tank in x hours and B can fill a tank in y hours.

com .6.aptitudecoach. then multiply the required section value to find the answer. Pipes and Cisterns.9/20 = 11/20 Tap B fill the bucket in = = = 11 20 -15 8 ¼ hours 33/4 = 8 hours 15 seconds. How much further time would it take for B to fill the bucket? Ans 8 min 15 sec Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: Total work (to fill or empty) = I part + II part =1 Find I st part and subtract it from ‘1’ . If both are opened and A is closed after 3 minutes. BU Page 6 www. Taps A and B can fill a bucket in 12 minutes and 15 minutes respectively. Answer with Explanation: For 3 minutes (I part) =3 = = 1 1 + 12 15 Moderately easy Difficult 3 3 20 3 15 +12 15 X 12 = 9/20 Remaining part = 1.

aptitudecoach. BU Page 7 www. Both taps are kept open for 10 mintues and then the first tap is shut off. The tank will be complete by filled in (B only.7.( I part) 1-2/3 1/3 = = 1/3 X 60 20 minutes.com . the tank will be completely filled in: Ans:20 min Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: Total work (to fill or empty) = I part + II part =1 Answer with Explanation: For 10 minutes (I part) 1 1 + 20 60 4 Moderately easy Difficult = = = = = = 10 10 60 4/6 = 2/3 Remaining part 1. After this. A tank can be filled by a tap in 20 minutes and by another tap in 60 mintues. after 10 minutes) Pipes and Cisterns.

therefore the second pipe will fill it in (x+10) hours.8.aptitudecoach. ∴1/x + 1/ x+10 = x +10 + x x( x +10 ) 1/12 1/12 x2 +10x = 0 0 = = = 0 12 (10+2x) x2 – 14x – 120 (x-20) (x+6) = x2 +10x – 24x – 120 ∴x = 20 (x should nor –ve) ∴The second pipe can take (x+10) = 20 + 10 = 30 hours. one pipe fills the reservoir 10 hours faster than the other. BU Page 8 www. Pipes and Cisterns.com . to fill the reservoir. How many hours it takes the second pipe to fill the reservoir? Ans:30 hours Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: xy x +y Moderately easy Difficult Taken unknown value as x and use Answer with Explanation: Let the reservoir be filled by forst pipe in x hours. If two pipes function simultaneously the reservoir will be filled in 12 hours.

com . If both the pipes opened together. Answer with Explanation: Time taken to fill the tank = 2X 3 3 −1 2 hours 3 hours Time taken to empty the tank = Time taken to fill the cistern = = 6 hours. Pipes and Cisterns. How long will they take to fill the cistern if both the taps are opened? Ans: 6hours Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: Pipe A can fill a tank in ‘x’ hours and pipe B can empty it in ‘y’ hours. One tap can fill a cistern in 2 hours and another tap can empty the cistern in 3 hours. the tank will be filled in xy x −y Moderately easy Difficult hours.aptitudecoach.9. BU Page 9 www.

12 buckets of water fill a taken when the capacity of each bucked is 13. N1 X W1 = N2X W2 W1 W2 = N2 X9 = 54/3 = = Capacity of liters in the buckets Capacity of liters in the buckets = Number of buckets X Moderately easy Difficult N1 = No. if the capacity of each bucket is 9 litres ? Ans:18 Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: Here the tank is same Number of buckets X capacity of bucket capacity of bucket Answer with Explanation: The capacity of the tank is same.10.5 9 = N2 = 18 Pipes and Cisterns. of Buckets N2 = No.5 N2 = 12 X 13 .com . BU Page 10 www.5 liter. How many buckets will be needed to fill the same tank. of Buckets = = 12 X 13.aptitudecoach.

How many turns it will take for both the buckets p and q having each turn together to fill the empty drum: Answer:45 Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: xy x +y Moderately easy Difficult = Answer with Explanation: Bucket P has thrice the capacity as bucket Q Q= 3 P P takes 60 turns Q takes = 180 turns 180 X 60 60 +180 180 X 60 240 P and Q takes = = = 45 turns. Bucket p has thrice the capacity as bucket Q. Pipes and Cisterns.11. BU Page 11 www.aptitudecoach. It takes 60 turns for bucket P to fill the empty drum.com .

com . c is closed.aptitudecoach.23/30 = 7/30 4/60 + 3/60 2 hours (A+B)’s 1 hour work 1/15 + 1/20 = 7/60 = 12 hours Therefore = 7/30 X 60/7 = Hence 10+2 Pipes and Cisterns. will the tank be full ? ans:12 hrs Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: 1/x +1/y . after 10 hours. BU Page 12 www. Two pipes A and B fill a tank in 15 hours and 20 hours respectively while a third pipe c can empty the full tank in 25 hours. In how much time.12.1/z Answer with Explanation: A 15 B 20 C -25 1 1 1 − + 15 20 25 Moderately easy Difficult Part I and Part II = 1 For 10 hours = 10 = = = Remaining part = = 10 10 15 12 20 + − 300 300 300 23 300 23/30 ( Part I) =1. All the three pipes are opened in the beginning.

com .13. Pipes and Cisterns. BU Page 13 www. A and B are kept open for 5 minutes in the beginning and then c is also opened. Two pipes A and B and can fill a cistern in 12 minutes and 15 minutes respectively but a third pipe c can empty the full tank in 6 mintues. In what time is the cistern emptied …. Ans:45 mints Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: 1/x +1/y .1/z Answer with Explanation: A 12 B 15 C -6 1 1 + 12 15 Moderately easy Difficult For 5 minutes = 5 = = 5 ¾ = = 27 180 When all the three pipes are opened = 1/12 + 1/15 – 1/6 15/180 + 12/180 – 30/180 -3/180 = -1/60 (-means emptying) Empty the cistern in 1 min is 1/60 Therefore ¾ will emptied in ¾ X 60 = 45 minutes.aptitudecoach..

After working at it together for 2hours.aptitudecoach.com . The number of hours taken by C alone to fill the cistern is: Answer:14 Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: C’s work = (A+B+C)’s work – (A+B)’s work Moderately easy Difficult Answer with Explanation: A+B+C = 1/6 2 (1/6) 2/3 = 1/3 For 2 hours = Remaining = (A+B)’s 7 hours work = 2/3 (A+B)’s 1 hours work = 2/21 C’s 1 hour work = (A+B+C)’s work – (A+B)’s work = = 1/6 -2/21 9/126 = 1/14 C alone can fill the tank in 14 hours Pipes and Cisterns.14. Three pipes A. C is closed and A and B can fill the remaining part in 7 hours. BU Page 14 www. B and C can fill a tank in 6 hours.

How many litres does the cistern hold ? Ans: 8. When the tank is full.15. An inlet pipe fills water are the rate of 6 liters a minute. the inlet is opened and due to the leak.com . the tank is empty in 12 hours. A leak in the bottom of a tank can empty the full tank in 8 hours. BU Page 15 www.aptitudecoach.640 Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: Work done = 1/x – 1/y Time X number of liters Answer with Explanation: Time taken to fill the tank is 1/8 Time taken to empty the taken is 1/12 Work done by the inlet in 1 hour = = Work done by the inlet in 1 minute Therefore Volume = = 1 1 + 8 12 4 12 X 8 12 −8 12 X 8 Moderately easy Difficult = = 1/24 1/1440 = 1/24 X 1/60 = 1440 X6 liters 8640 liters Pipes and Cisterns.

A leak in the bottom of a tank can empty the full tank in 6 hours. The capacity of the tank in litres is : Ans 5760. BU Page 16 www.aptitudecoach. An inlet pipe fills water at the rate of 4 litres a minute. When the tank is full the inlet is opened and due to the leak the tank is empty in 8 hours. Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: Work done = 1/x – 1/y Time X number of liters Answer with Explanation: Time taken to fill the tank is 1/6 hour (Time taken to empty = time taken to full) Time taken to empty the tank is 1/8 Work done by the inlet in 1 hour = = For 1 minute liters = 1/24X1/60 = (1/6 – 1/8) 8 −6 6X 8 Moderately easy Difficult = 2 / 48 = 1/24 1/1440 An inlet pipe fill water at the rate of 4 liters a minute = 1440 X 4 = 5760 Pipes and Cisterns.16.com .

Pipes and Cisterns.aptitudecoach. BU Page 17 www. If the tank is already half-full and both tanks are opened together.17. the tank will be : Ans: emptied in 8 min Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: Work done = 1/x – 1/y Answer with Explanation: Time taken to fill the tank in = 1/16 min Time taken to empty the tank in = 1/8 min Moderately easy Difficult ∴ Work done by both in 1 min = = = 8 −16 16 X 8 (1/16 – 1/8) = -8 / 16X8 -1/16 (-ve means empty) Now full tank will be emptied by them in 16 min Half tank will be emptied in 8 min.com . A tap can fill a tank in 16 minutes and another can empty it in 8 minutes.

There is also a waste pipe in the cistern.18.10 min Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: C’s work = (A+B+C)’s work – (A+B)’s work A + B = 1/x+1/y Answer with Explanation: To fill the cistern = = (1/12 + 1/15) 3/20 = 27 12 X 15 Moderately easy Difficult Work done by waste pipe in 1 min = work done by all the three taps – work done by two taps (fill) = 1/20 – 3/20 = -2/20 = -1/10 (-ve means empty) Waste pipe will empty the full cistern in 10 minutes. the empty cistern is full in 20 mintues.aptitudecoach. BU Page 18 www. A cistern has two taps which fill it in 12 min and 15 min respectively. When all the three are opened. Pipes and Cisterns. How long will waste pipe take to empty the full cistern ? Ans.com .

Pipes and Cisterns. If both the pipes are opened together. BU Page 19 www.com . I part + II part I part II part = = = 1 Cistern filled by (A+B) in x min Cistern filled by A in (9-x) minutes Moderately easy Difficult Answer with Explanation: ∴ 1 1 x + 12 16 + (9-x) X 1/12 = = = = = = 1 = 1 x 16 +12 9 x − + 12 X 16 12 12 x 12 x16 .aptitudecoach. Two pipes A and B can fill a cistern in 12 minutes and 15 mint respectively.19.x/12 7x x − 12 x 4 12 28 1-9/12 3/12 12 12 4 7x – 4x 3x X So. B must be closed after 4 minutes. then after how much time B should be closed so that the tank is full in 9 minutes? Ans 4 min Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: Let B be closed after x minutes.

aptitudecoach. how long will it take to empty or fill the tank completely? Answer : 6 minutes Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: AB/B-A Moderately easy Difficult Answer with Explanation: Water level in the tank is 2/5 Both the pipes are open = Therefore 2/5 X15 = 10 − 6 10 X 6 = 4 60 = 1 1 5 6 minutes Pipes and Cisterns. If both the pipes are open.com . BU Page 20 www. Pipe A can fill a tank in 10 minutes and pipe B can empty it in 6 minutes.20. A water tank is two – fifth full.

BU Page 21 www. The 2 together will take : Answer : 12 Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: Moderately easy Difficult AB/A+ B Answer with Explanation: A B = = 20 30 = = = A+B/AB 20 + 30 20 X 30 50 20 X 30 Together = 1 1 2 Therefore 12 minutes.com .21.aptitudecoach. Pipes A and B take 20 and 30 minutes to fill a tank respectively. Pipes and Cisterns.

BU Page 22 www. how much time will be taken to fill the tank? Answer : 20 hours Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: Time taken to fill the tank = A+B/AB Moderately easy Difficult Answer with Explanation: A B AB A+B = = 36 45 = 36 X 45 36 + 45 = = 36 X 45 81 20 hours Pipes and Cisterns.aptitudecoach.22. If both are opened simultaneously. 2 pipes A and B can fill a tank in 36 hours and 45 hours respectively.com .

23. Two pipes A and B can fill a tank in 6 hours and 4 hours respectively. in how many hours. BU Page 23 www. the tank shall be full ? Ans: 5 hours Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: It’s an alternate hour’s problem A’s 1hour work = = 1/6 ¼ B’s 1 hour work Moderately easy Difficult A + B means 2 hours of work Answer with Explanation: ∴(A+B)’s 2 hours work when opened alternately = Remaining = 1-5/6 =1/6 1 1 + 6 4 = 4 +6 24 ∴(A+B)’s 4 hours work when opened alternately = 2 (5/12) = 5/6 ∴It is A’s turn and 1/6 part is filled by A in 1 hour ∴ Total time taken to fill the tank = = (4+1) hours 5 hours Pipes and Cisterns.aptitudecoach. If they are opened on alternate hours and if pipe A is opened first.com .

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