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Pipes and Cisterns.25

Pipes and Cisterns.25

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PIPES AND CISTERNS

1. Two taps A and B can fill a tank in 10 hours and 15 hours and 15

hours respectively. If both the taps are opened together, the tank will be full in ? Ans:6hrs Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: If A can do a piece of work in x hours and B can do a piece of work in y hours. Then A and B together will do the work in Answer with Explanation: Time taken by A = Time taken by B = 10 hours 15 hours
15 X 10 15 +10 15 X 10 25
xy x +y

Moderately easy

Difficult

hours

Time taken by A and B = =

=

6 hours.

Pipes and Cisterns, BU

Page 1

www.aptitudecoach.com

2. To fill a cistern, pipes A, B and C take 20 minutes, 15 minute and 12

minutes respectively. The time in minutes that the three pipes together will take to fill the cistern is: Ans:5 Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: A can do a piece of work in x minutes B can do a piece of work in y minutes C can do a piece of work in z minutes Minute’s work of each of the three is 1/x +1/y + 1/z Answer with Explanation: 1 minutes work of each of the three pipes = = = = 1/20 + 1/15 + 1/12
3 + 4 +5 60 12 60

Moderately easy

Difficult

=

1/5 5 minutes

Pipes and Cisterns, BU

Page 2

www.aptitudecoach.com

in how much time the tank will be filled? Ans. while third pipe empties the full tank in 20 hours. Pipes and Cisterns.1/z = 15/2 hours = 7 ½ hour 7 hours 30 minutes.aptitudecoach.1/20 6 +5 −3 60 2 1 5 8 60 Moderately easy Difficult = 1/x +1/y .3. Two pipes can fill a tank in 10 hours and 12 hours resp. If all the pipes are operate simultaneously. If all the three pipes operate simultaneously.com . 1 hours of work of each of the three pipes Answer with Explanation: 1 minutes work of each of the three pipes = = = = = 1/10 + 1/12 . BU Page 3 www.7 hrs 30 mins Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: Pipe A can fill a tank in x hours and pipe B can fill a tank in y hours and pipe C can empty it in z hours.

4. Then the tank will be filled (empty) in Answer with Explanation: Time taken by A = Time taken by B = 9 hours 10 hours 9 x10 10 − 9 xy x −y Moderately easy Difficult hours Time taken by A and B = = 90 hours. If the cistern is full. BU Page 4 www. then the time that the leak will take to empty it is: Ans:90 hrs Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: If A can fill a tank in x hours and B can fill a tank in y hours.aptitudecoach. Pipes and Cisterns. A cistern can be filled in 9 hours but it takes 10 hours due to a leak in its bottom.com .

an electric pump can fill a tank in 3 hours. it took 3 ½ hours to fill the tank.com . Because of a leak in the tank. Then the tank will be filled (empty) in xy x −y Moderately easy Difficult hours Answer with Explanation: Time taken = Time taken = 3 hours 3 ½ hours 3 x3 1 2 Time taken by A and B = 3 1 −3 2 7 2 3x = 7 −3 2 7 2 7 −6 2 3x = = 21 hours Pipes and Cisterns.5. The leak can drain out of all the water of the tank in: Ans:21 hrs Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: If A can fill a tank in x hours and B can fill a tank in y hours.aptitudecoach. BU Page 5 www.

If both are opened and A is closed after 3 minutes. How much further time would it take for B to fill the bucket? Ans 8 min 15 sec Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: Total work (to fill or empty) = I part + II part =1 Find I st part and subtract it from ‘1’ . BU Page 6 www. then multiply the required section value to find the answer.com .aptitudecoach.9/20 = 11/20 Tap B fill the bucket in = = = 11 20 -15 8 ¼ hours 33/4 = 8 hours 15 seconds. Pipes and Cisterns.6. Taps A and B can fill a bucket in 12 minutes and 15 minutes respectively. Answer with Explanation: For 3 minutes (I part) =3 = = 1  1  +   12 15  Moderately easy Difficult 3 3  20   3    15 +12     15 X 12  = 9/20 Remaining part = 1.

BU Page 7 www.( I part) 1-2/3 1/3 = = 1/3 X 60 20 minutes. A tank can be filled by a tap in 20 minutes and by another tap in 60 mintues.com . Both taps are kept open for 10 mintues and then the first tap is shut off.aptitudecoach. After this.7. the tank will be completely filled in: Ans:20 min Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: Total work (to fill or empty) = I part + II part =1 Answer with Explanation: For 10 minutes (I part) 1   1 +    20 60   4    Moderately easy Difficult = = = = = = 10 10  60  4/6 = 2/3 Remaining part 1. after 10 minutes) Pipes and Cisterns. The tank will be complete by filled in (B only.

com . BU Page 8 www. one pipe fills the reservoir 10 hours faster than the other. to fill the reservoir.8. therefore the second pipe will fill it in (x+10) hours. ∴1/x + 1/ x+10 =  x +10 + x    x( x +10 )     1/12 1/12 x2 +10x = 0 0 = = = 0 12 (10+2x) x2 – 14x – 120 (x-20) (x+6) = x2 +10x – 24x – 120 ∴x = 20 (x should nor –ve) ∴The second pipe can take (x+10) = 20 + 10 = 30 hours.aptitudecoach. How many hours it takes the second pipe to fill the reservoir? Ans:30 hours Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: xy x +y Moderately easy Difficult Taken unknown value as x and use Answer with Explanation: Let the reservoir be filled by forst pipe in x hours. If two pipes function simultaneously the reservoir will be filled in 12 hours. Pipes and Cisterns.

BU Page 9 www.9. Answer with Explanation: Time taken to fill the tank = 2X 3 3 −1 2 hours 3 hours Time taken to empty the tank = Time taken to fill the cistern = = 6 hours.aptitudecoach. If both the pipes opened together.com . Pipes and Cisterns. One tap can fill a cistern in 2 hours and another tap can empty the cistern in 3 hours. How long will they take to fill the cistern if both the taps are opened? Ans: 6hours Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: Pipe A can fill a tank in ‘x’ hours and pipe B can empty it in ‘y’ hours. the tank will be filled in xy x −y Moderately easy Difficult hours.

of Buckets = = 12 X 13.5 liter.5 9 = N2 = 18 Pipes and Cisterns. How many buckets will be needed to fill the same tank.10.5 N2 = 12 X 13 . of Buckets N2 = No.aptitudecoach. BU Page 10 www. if the capacity of each bucket is 9 litres ? Ans:18 Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: Here the tank is same Number of buckets X capacity of bucket capacity of bucket Answer with Explanation: The capacity of the tank is same.com . 12 buckets of water fill a taken when the capacity of each bucked is 13. N1 X W1 = N2X W2 W1 W2 = N2 X9 = 54/3 = = Capacity of liters in the buckets Capacity of liters in the buckets = Number of buckets X Moderately easy Difficult N1 = No.

aptitudecoach. BU Page 11 www.com . Bucket p has thrice the capacity as bucket Q.11. Pipes and Cisterns. How many turns it will take for both the buckets p and q having each turn together to fill the empty drum: Answer:45 Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: xy x +y Moderately easy Difficult = Answer with Explanation: Bucket P has thrice the capacity as bucket Q Q= 3 P P takes 60 turns Q takes = 180 turns 180 X 60 60 +180 180 X 60 240 P and Q takes = = = 45 turns. It takes 60 turns for bucket P to fill the empty drum.

All the three pipes are opened in the beginning. will the tank be full ? ans:12 hrs Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: 1/x +1/y . In how much time. after 10 hours.com . BU Page 12 www. Two pipes A and B fill a tank in 15 hours and 20 hours respectively while a third pipe c can empty the full tank in 25 hours. c is closed.12.23/30 = 7/30 4/60 + 3/60 2 hours (A+B)’s 1 hour work 1/15 + 1/20 = 7/60 = 12 hours Therefore = 7/30 X 60/7 = Hence 10+2 Pipes and Cisterns.aptitudecoach.1/z Answer with Explanation: A 15 B 20 C -25 1 1  1 −  +   15 20 25  Moderately easy Difficult Part I and Part II = 1 For 10 hours = 10 = = = Remaining part = = 10 10 15 12   20 + −    300 300 300   23     300  23/30 ( Part I) =1.

Ans:45 mints Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: 1/x +1/y .com . In what time is the cistern emptied …. BU Page 13 www.1/z Answer with Explanation: A 12 B 15 C -6 1  1  +   12 15  Moderately easy Difficult For 5 minutes = 5 = = 5 ¾ = =  27     180  When all the three pipes are opened = 1/12 + 1/15 – 1/6 15/180 + 12/180 – 30/180 -3/180 = -1/60 (-means emptying) Empty the cistern in 1 min is 1/60 Therefore ¾ will emptied in ¾ X 60 = 45 minutes. A and B are kept open for 5 minutes in the beginning and then c is also opened.. Two pipes A and B and can fill a cistern in 12 minutes and 15 minutes respectively but a third pipe c can empty the full tank in 6 mintues.aptitudecoach. Pipes and Cisterns.13.

C is closed and A and B can fill the remaining part in 7 hours. BU Page 14 www.14. After working at it together for 2hours.com . B and C can fill a tank in 6 hours. The number of hours taken by C alone to fill the cistern is: Answer:14 Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: C’s work = (A+B+C)’s work – (A+B)’s work Moderately easy Difficult Answer with Explanation: A+B+C = 1/6 2 (1/6) 2/3 = 1/3 For 2 hours = Remaining = (A+B)’s 7 hours work = 2/3 (A+B)’s 1 hours work = 2/21 C’s 1 hour work = (A+B+C)’s work – (A+B)’s work = = 1/6 -2/21 9/126 = 1/14 C alone can fill the tank in 14 hours Pipes and Cisterns.aptitudecoach. Three pipes A.

When the tank is full. BU Page 15 www. the tank is empty in 12 hours. How many litres does the cistern hold ? Ans: 8.640 Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: Work done = 1/x – 1/y Time X number of liters Answer with Explanation: Time taken to fill the tank is 1/8 Time taken to empty the taken is 1/12 Work done by the inlet in 1 hour = = Work done by the inlet in 1 minute Therefore Volume = = 1 1   +   8 12  4 12 X 8 12 −8 12 X 8 Moderately easy Difficult = = 1/24 1/1440 = 1/24 X 1/60 = 1440 X6 liters 8640 liters Pipes and Cisterns. An inlet pipe fills water are the rate of 6 liters a minute.15. A leak in the bottom of a tank can empty the full tank in 8 hours.aptitudecoach. the inlet is opened and due to the leak.com .

When the tank is full the inlet is opened and due to the leak the tank is empty in 8 hours. A leak in the bottom of a tank can empty the full tank in 6 hours. The capacity of the tank in litres is : Ans 5760.16. Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: Work done = 1/x – 1/y Time X number of liters Answer with Explanation: Time taken to fill the tank is 1/6 hour (Time taken to empty = time taken to full) Time taken to empty the tank is 1/8 Work done by the inlet in 1 hour = = For 1 minute liters = 1/24X1/60 = (1/6 – 1/8) 8 −6 6X 8 Moderately easy Difficult = 2 / 48 = 1/24 1/1440 An inlet pipe fill water at the rate of 4 liters a minute = 1440 X 4 = 5760 Pipes and Cisterns. BU Page 16 www.com .aptitudecoach. An inlet pipe fills water at the rate of 4 litres a minute.

com .17. If the tank is already half-full and both tanks are opened together. A tap can fill a tank in 16 minutes and another can empty it in 8 minutes. BU Page 17 www.aptitudecoach. the tank will be : Ans: emptied in 8 min Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: Work done = 1/x – 1/y Answer with Explanation: Time taken to fill the tank in = 1/16 min Time taken to empty the tank in = 1/8 min Moderately easy Difficult ∴ Work done by both in 1 min = = = 8 −16 16 X 8 (1/16 – 1/8) = -8 / 16X8 -1/16 (-ve means empty) Now full tank will be emptied by them in 16 min Half tank will be emptied in 8 min. Pipes and Cisterns.

the empty cistern is full in 20 mintues. How long will waste pipe take to empty the full cistern ? Ans.aptitudecoach.18. Pipes and Cisterns. BU Page 18 www. A cistern has two taps which fill it in 12 min and 15 min respectively.10 min Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: C’s work = (A+B+C)’s work – (A+B)’s work A + B = 1/x+1/y Answer with Explanation: To fill the cistern = = (1/12 + 1/15) 3/20 = 27 12 X 15 Moderately easy Difficult Work done by waste pipe in 1 min = work done by all the three taps – work done by two taps (fill) = 1/20 – 3/20 = -2/20 = -1/10 (-ve means empty) Waste pipe will empty the full cistern in 10 minutes.com . There is also a waste pipe in the cistern. When all the three are opened.

com . BU Page 19 www. If both the pipes are opened together.aptitudecoach. I part + II part I part II part = = = 1 Cistern filled by (A+B) in x min Cistern filled by A in (9-x) minutes Moderately easy Difficult Answer with Explanation: ∴ 1  1 x +  12 16  + (9-x) X 1/12 = = = = = = 1 = 1 x 16 +12  9 x − +  12 X 16  12 12 x 12 x16 .x/12 7x x − 12 x 4 12 28 1-9/12 3/12 12 12 4 7x – 4x 3x X So. Two pipes A and B can fill a cistern in 12 minutes and 15 mint respectively. B must be closed after 4 minutes. Pipes and Cisterns.19. then after how much time B should be closed so that the tank is full in 9 minutes? Ans 4 min Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: Let B be closed after x minutes.

com .aptitudecoach. how long will it take to empty or fill the tank completely? Answer : 6 minutes Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: AB/B-A Moderately easy Difficult Answer with Explanation: Water level in the tank is 2/5 Both the pipes are open = Therefore 2/5 X15 = 10 − 6 10 X 6 = 4 60 = 1 1 5 6 minutes Pipes and Cisterns. BU Page 20 www. A water tank is two – fifth full. Pipe A can fill a tank in 10 minutes and pipe B can empty it in 6 minutes. If both the pipes are open.20.

Pipes and Cisterns. BU Page 21 www.aptitudecoach. Pipes A and B take 20 and 30 minutes to fill a tank respectively. The 2 together will take : Answer : 12 Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: Moderately easy Difficult AB/A+ B Answer with Explanation: A B = = 20 30 = = = A+B/AB 20 + 30 20 X 30 50 20 X 30 Together = 1 1 2 Therefore 12 minutes.com .21.

22. If both are opened simultaneously. how much time will be taken to fill the tank? Answer : 20 hours Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: Time taken to fill the tank = A+B/AB Moderately easy Difficult Answer with Explanation: A B AB A+B = = 36 45 = 36 X 45 36 + 45 = = 36 X 45 81 20 hours Pipes and Cisterns. 2 pipes A and B can fill a tank in 36 hours and 45 hours respectively.com .aptitudecoach. BU Page 22 www.

23. BU Page 23 www. in how many hours. Two pipes A and B can fill a tank in 6 hours and 4 hours respectively.com .aptitudecoach. If they are opened on alternate hours and if pipe A is opened first. the tank shall be full ? Ans: 5 hours Difficulty Level : Easy Basic Formula: It’s an alternate hour’s problem A’s 1hour work = = 1/6 ¼ B’s 1 hour work Moderately easy Difficult A + B means 2 hours of work Answer with Explanation: ∴(A+B)’s 2 hours work when opened alternately = Remaining = 1-5/6 =1/6 1 1   +  6 4 = 4 +6 24 ∴(A+B)’s 4 hours work when opened alternately = 2 (5/12) = 5/6 ∴It is A’s turn and 1/6 part is filled by A in 1 hour ∴ Total time taken to fill the tank = = (4+1) hours 5 hours Pipes and Cisterns.

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