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北京化工大学学报 ( 社会科学版)

2002 年第 3 期 Journal Beijing University of Chemical Technology No. 3. 2002


总第 38 期 ( Social Sciences Edition) Total No. 38

论宋季的拟人制诏
祝尚书
( 四川大学中文系 , 四川成都 610062)

[ 摘  要 ]  南宋后期 , 文人写作了不少拟人制诏表疏 , 现在仍有当时编行的专集三家


四种 、总集两种传世 。本文论述拟人作品的源流及写作特点 , 指出拟人制诏在宋季大量产
生 , 既是对六朝 、唐代文学的继承 , 又是宋人戏谑风气由诗词向文体的扩展 , 也是诗词中拟
人修辞手法的延伸 , 同时还是接受民间文学 ( 如 “说话”) 影响的结果 。拟人制诏在文学史
上有不可忽视的意义 , 它是文体解放的大胆尝试 , 为后代神话小说创作积累了丰富的艺术经
验 , 成为民间文学向文人创作过渡的桥梁 。
[ 关键词 ]  拟人  拟人制诏  毛颖传  刘克庄  小说
[ 中图分类号 ] I 207. 22   [ 文献标识码 ] A   [ 文章编号 ] ( 2002) 03 - 0023 - 8

[ 收稿目期 ]  2002 - 6 - 20
[ 作者简介 ]  祝尚书 ( 1944 —) , 男 , 四川阆中人 , 四川大学中文系教授 , 博士生导师 , 主要研究方向为中国古
典文学宋代文学史 。
24 北京化工大学学报 ( 社会科学版) 2002 年 9 月
2002 年第 3 期             祝尚书 : 论宋季的拟人制诏               25
26 北京化工大学学报 ( 社会科学版) 2002 年 9 月
2002 年第 3 期             祝尚书 : 论宋季的拟人制诏               27
28 北京化工大学学报 ( 社会科学版) 2002 年 9 月
2002 年第 3 期             祝尚书 : 论宋季的拟人制诏               29
30 北京化工大学学报 ( 社会科学版) 2002 年 9 月

On the Personif ied Imperial Edict ( Zhao) in Late Song Dynasty

Zhu Shangshu
( Chinese Department Sichuan University , Chengdu Sichuan 610062 , China)
Abstract: In t he late period of Sout h Song , scholars composed lot s of personified Zhao , Biao and Shu
( Zhao , Biao and Shu , official styles in ancient China which always be used between emperor and his be2
longs) . Now we can still find four special collections which were edited by 3 schools of expert s at t hat time
and two general collections t hat were compiled at t hat time , too . This paper mainly discusses t he origin ,
develop ment and feat ures of t hese personified works. The aut hor point s out t hat t he emergence of personi2
fied imperial edict ( Zhao ) in late Song is not only t he succession to t he literat ure of Six - dynasty and t he
expansion of t he Song’ s banter style f rom poem and Ci to literary style , but also t he extension of person2
ification rhetoric in poems and t he result brought by t he influence of folk literat ure ( such as “Shuohua”, a
kind of Chinese ancient novel) as well. Personified imperial edict ( Zhao ) is so great significant t hat it can’
t be ignored in t he history of literat ure. It is a brave attempt in f reeing literary style and provides later
generations wit h abundant art experience to write myt h novels. It also becomes a bridge which communi2
cates folk literat ure wit h artistic literat ure.
Key words : personification ; personified imperial edict ( Zhao ) ; T he S tory of M ao Y i n g ; L i u Kez huan g ;
novel