Guidance & Counseling February 5, 2011 All tests can be classified on a number of continuums : Individual or Group test : Indicates how the test is administered. Some intelligence tests can be administered as a group while a few personality tests have to be given in a one to one situation. Speed or Power Test : Refers to whether any time constraints are built into the test. A classic speed test would contain many simple items and a strict deadline, while a classic power test contains no time deadline but very difficult items. Cognitive or Affective Test : Cognitive tests such as Achievement and Aptitude tests attempt to measure mental activity while affective tests are designed to assess interests, attitudes, and personal values of an individual. Aptitude Tests attempt to gauge whether a person is capable of learning a specific knowledge base. Achievement tests measure the amount of knowledge already learned. Standardized vs. Nonstandardized: Refers to all aspects of creating, testing, and administering a psychological test. Standardized tests have established norms to which you can compare an individuals performance. Norms : The normal distribution of scores on a standardized tests Most of scholastic exams in school constructed by the teachers are all nonstandardized tests. Standardized tests are seen as theoretically superior measuring devices. GENERAL CLASSIFICATION OF PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS
 INTELLIGENCE TESTS  Intelligence – one’s ability to learn. It is associated with what the individual “can do” in a new

situation of ever-increasing difficulty within a minimum amount of time. EXAMPLES OF INTELLIGENCE TESTS 1. STANFORD-BINET (by Lewis M. Terman) – is an individually administered measure of one’s intellectual status. It is composed of test designed for subjects ranging two years of age to eighteen and older. Within one instrument, it gives valid and reliable measurements for the retarded, the normal and the gifted. PURPOSE: to measure the level of intelligence and/or retardation of the client. It is widely used to diagnose problems and to identify the gifted. It has been a preferred measurement device in mental health clinics, agencies and hospitals. ADMINISTRATION AND SCORING: this test can be administered to only one person at a time. Many of the tests in these scales require oral responses from the subject or necessitate manipulation of materials.The Stanford-Binet requires a highly trained examiner. Both administration and scoring are fairly complicated for many of the tests. Considerable familiarity and experience with the scale is required for smooth performance. During the administration, the examiner may observe the subject’s work methods, his approach to the problem and other qualitative aspects of performance (such as activity level, self-confidence, persistence and ability to concentrate.) SUBTESTS: General Comprehension Visual Motor Ability Arithmetic Reasoning Memory and Concentration Vocabulary and Verbal Fluency Judgment and reasoning

4. It includes one’s overt and inner feelings. Murray.C. These variables have their origin in a list of manifest needs presented by H.L. Panukat ng Pagkataong Pilipino (PPP) by Annadaisy Carlota PhD It is a rating scale for 13 years old and above. The test contains multiple choice items arranged in order of difficulty. PhD) SRA Verbal (L. It contains 200 items which assess 19 personality dimensions.2. Otis & Roger T. Tiffin. motor disturbances.Q. Lennon This is a test of scholastic ability designed to estimate the capacity of students to undertake the next higher level of schooling. Dominance (dom) Abasement (aba) Nurturance (nur) Change (chg) Endurance (end) Heterosexuality (het) Aggression (agg) The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (by S. 3.False and Cannot say. classification. Hathaway and Mckinley) It is a psychometric instrument designed to assess personality characteristics indicative of psychological abnormalities.aspirations. logical selection. CULTURE-FAIR INTELLIGENCE TEST (CFIT) by RB Cattell and AKS Cattell This test is designed to measure mental ability. Some of these dimensions are listed below: Pagkamaalalahanin (thoughtfulness) Pagkamaayos (Neatness) Pagkamadaldal (Social curiosity) Pagkamagalang (respectfulness) Pagkamahinahon (emotional stability) Pagkamapagkumbaba (humility) Pagkamapagsapalaran (risk-taking) Pagkamadamdamin (sensitiveness) 3. It is the combination of physical and mental qualities. Edwards Personal Preference Schedule (EPPS) – this test provides a quick measure of a relatively convenient normal personality variables. ideals. The items involve analogy. OTIS-LENNON SCHOOL ABILITY TEST (OLSAT) by Arthur S. The client answer the items by choosing among the three options: True. The EPPS provides measures of 15 personality variables as follows: Achievement (ach) Deference (def) Order (ord) Exhibition (ex) Autonomy (aut) Affiliation (aff) Intraception (int) Succorance (suc) 2. Thurstone) Purdue Non-Language Test (J. Sixteeen Personality Factors (by Raymond Cattell) This test measures personality according to 16 dimensions that are based on universally accepted compilation of personality traits. Alin Grubner. It is “culture-fair” and consists entirely of geometric forms that is effectively used for persons having different cultural or educational backgrounds. psychosomatic experiences and behaviors indicative of psychiatric problems. EXAMPLES OF PERSONALITY TESTS 1. feelings. The items involve attitudes.. vocabulary and arithmetic. This personality inventory consist of a set of statements that are answered by a Yes or No response.values and interests that characterize a person. Kay Inaba)  PERSONALITY TESTS Personality – the totality of the individual’s identity which makes him a unique person. . OTHER INTELLIGENCE TESTS    Wecshler Adult Intelligence Scale-R (David Wecshler. cause-effect.

Commercial 4. 2. and strivings to objects of the environment. Agriculture/Personal Service OTHER INTEREST TESTS: Occupational Interest Inventory (Edwin Lee & Louis Thorpe) Kuder Preference Record  PROJECTIVE TESTS • Projection – a psychological dynamics by which one attributes one’s own qualities. projective tests undertakes to get the personality as a whole.  SIGNIFICANCE OF PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS IN GUIDANCE & COUNSELING • Psychological tests are used as bases for a student’s admission to school. Mechanical 5. Interest tests are utilized to gather relevant information that can be used for occupational and educational plans. • • • . • Projective Test is a personality test in which the individual projects or shows his personality through his responses in more or less unstructured test situations. attitudes. The client is asked to look at each inkblot and tell what he sees. • EXAMPLES OF PROJECTIVE TESTS 1. Then. Tests serve as a “measuring rod on which students are investigated and ironed out” (Williamson) Psychological tests provide supplements. The test may recognize students with superior ability or those who are needing remedial help. The person is asked to reproduce each of these on a blank sheet of paper. 3. Thematic Apperception Test – consists of a series of pictures which are shown to the clients one at a time. Psychological tests serve as aids in identifying students who need special attention. Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test – consists of 9 designs which are presented to the clients in sequence. the examiner builds up a general impression of the client’s personality and writes a report about it . The examiner makes inference about the client’s personality. The examiner counts the responses and rates the clients in comparison with other clients on common traits. BRAINARD OCCUPATIONAL INVENTORY (BOPI) Raul Brainard & Ralph Brainard An instrument that provides a systematic study of a person’s interest. Aesthetic 2. records and other relevant information about the students. The content of the projection may or may not be known to the person as part of himself. Intelligence tests are administered in checking students’ performance in previous schools attended. The inventory provides scores in 6 general occupational fields: 1. The designs made are rated for degree of accuracy and overall integration. Rorschach Test – consist of 10 inkblots.The aim of projective tests is to see the individual all at once. EXAMPLE OF INTEREST TESTS 1. INTEREST TESTS Interest – an object of curiosity. to see the traits and their interrelation and to get both a surface indication and deeper dynamics. feelings. Psychological tests yield information that is essential in helping the counselor and the student in planning and identifying suitable career choices. • Unlike personality inventories that identifies a specific trait. Scientific 3.Test results are interpreted and utilized in counseling. something that pulls you in a particular direction or something that captures your fancy. Professional 6.the client is asked to tell a story about each picture.

Cases of ineffective study habits may be identified by means of survey tests. .• Psychological tests can gauge the study growth of the pupil. repeated testings with comparable tests are necessary for a thorough check on the student’s academic progress. In addition.

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