Public attributes Public attributes are defined in the PUBLIC section and can be viewed and changed from

outside the class. There is direct access to public attributes. As a general rule, as few public attributes should be defined as possible.
PUBLIC SECTION. DATA: Counter type i.

Private attributes Private attributes are defined in the PRIVATE section. The can only be viewes and changed from within the class. There is no direct access from outside the class.
PRIVATE SECTION. DATA: name(25) TYPE c, planetype LIKE saplane-planetyp,

Instance attributes There exist one instance attribute for each instance of the class, thus they exist seperately for each object. Instance attributes are declared with the DATA keyword. Static attributes Static attributes exist only once for each class. The data are the same for all instances of the class, and can be used e.g. for instance counters. Static attributes are defined with the keyword CLASS-DATA.
PRIVATE SECTION. CLASS-DATA: counter type i,

Public methods Can called from outside the class
PUBLIC SECTION. METHODS: set_attributes IMPORTING p_name(25) TYPE c, p_planetype LIKE saplane-planetyp,

Private methods Can only be called from inside the class. They are placed in the PRIVATE section of the class.

Constructor method Implicitly, each class has an instance constructor method with the reserved name constructor and a static constructor method with the reserved name class_constructor. The instance constructor is executed each time you create an object (instance) with the CREATE OBJECT statement, while the class constructor is executed exactly once before you first access a class. The constructors are always present. However, to implement a constructor you must declare it explicitly with the METHODS or CLASS-METHODS statements. An instance constructor can have IMPORTING parameters and exceptions. You must pass all non-optional parameters when creating an object. Static constructors have no parameters. Static constructor The static constructor is always called CLASS_CONSTRUCTER, and is called autmatically before the clas is first accessed, that is before any of the following actions are executed:
• • • • •

Creating an instance using CREATE_OBJECT Adressing a static attribute using <classname>-><attrbute> Calling a ststic attribute using CALL METHOD Registering a static event handler Registering an evetm handler method for a static event

The static constructor cannot be called explicitly. Protected components When we are talking subclassing and enheritance there is one more component than Public and Private, the Protected component. Protected components can be used by the superclass and all of the subclasses. Note that Subclasses cannot access Private components. Polymorphism Polymorphism: When the same method is implemented differently in different classes. This can be done using enheritance, by redefining a method from the superclass in subclasses and implement it differently.

Template for making a class Delete the parts that should not be used
****************************************** * Definition part ****************************************** CLASS xxx DEFINITION. *-----------------------------* Public section *-----------------------------PUBLIC SECTION. TYPES: DATA: * Static data CLASS-DATA: * Methods METHODS: * Using the constructor to initialize parameters constructor IMPORTING xxx type yyy, * * * Method with parameters mm1 IMPORTING iii TYPE ttt. Method without parameters mm2. Static methods CLASS-METHODS:

*---------------------------------------------------* * Protected section. Also accessable by subclasses *--------------------------------------------------PROTECTED SECTION. *--------------------------------------------------* Private section. Not accessable by subclasses *--------------------------------------------------PRIVATE SECTION. ENDCLASS. ****************************************** * Implementation part ****************************************** CLASS lcl_airplane IMPLEMENTATION. METHOD constructor. ENDMETHOD. METHOD mm1. ENDMETHOD. METHOD mm2. ENDMETHOD. ENDCLASS.

Template for calling a class
* Create reference to class lcl_airplane DATA: airplane1 TYPE REF TO lcl_airplane. START-OF-SELECTION. * Create instance using parameters in the cosntructor method CREATE OBJECT airplane1 exporting im_name = 'Hansemand' im_planetype = 'Boing 747'. * Calling a method with parameters CALL METHOD: airplane1->display_n_o_airplanes, airplane1->display_attributes.

Subclass
CLASS xxx DEFINITION INHERITING FROM yyy.

Using af class as a parameter for a method
The class LCL_AIRPLANE is used as a parameter for method add_a_new_airplane: METHODS:

add_a_new_airplane importing im_airplane TYPE REF to lcl_airplane.

Interfaces
In ABAP interfaces are implemented in addition to, and independently of classes. An interface only has a declaration part, and do not have visibillity sections. Components (Attributes, methods, constants, types) can be defined the same way as in classes. • • • • •

Interfaces are listed in the definition part lof the class, and must always be in the PUBLIC SECTION. Operations defined in the interface atre impemented as methods of the class. All methods of the interface must be present in the implementation part of the class. Attributes, events, constants and types defined in the interface are automatically available to the class carying out the implementation. Interface components are adresse in the class by <interface name>~<component name>

Example of how to implement an interface: INTERFACE lif_document DATA: author type ref to lcl_author. METHODS: print, display.
ENDINTERFACE.

CLASS lcl_text_document DEFINITION.

PUBLIC SECTION. INTERFACES lif_document. METHODS display. ENDCLASS. CLASS lcl_text_document IMPLEMENTTION. METHOD lif_document~print. ENDMETHOD. METHOD lif_document~display ENDMETHOD. METHOD display. ENDMETHOD. ENDCLASS.
REPORT zzz.

DATA: text_doc TYPE REF TO lcl_document. Start-of-selection. CREATE OBJECT text_doc. CALL METHOD text_doc->lif_document~print. CALL METHOD text_doc->lif_document~display. CALL METHOD text_doc->display. Events
For events of controls, refer to How to use controls.

Events can only have EXPORTING parameters When an event is triggerede, only those events handlers that have registred themselves using SET HANDLER by this point of runtime are • executed. You can register an event using ACTIVATION 'X' and derigert it by using ACTIVATION 'SPACE'. Defining events: CLASS <classname> DEFINITION. EVENTS: <event> EXPORTING VALUE (<ex_par>) TYPE type. CLASS <classname> IMPLEMENTATION. METHOD <m>: RAISE EVENT <event> EXPORTING <ex_par> = <act_par>. Handling events: CLASS <classname> DEFINITION. METHODS: <on_event> FOR <event> OF <classname> ! <interface> IMPORTING <imp_par1>...<imp_parN> SENDER. Setting handler SET HANDLER <ref_handle> <on_event> FOR <ref_sender> ! FOR ALL INSTANCES [ACTIVATION <var>]

• •

name = p_name. TYPE t_name TYPE saplane-planetype. display_n_o_airplanes. *-----------------------------* Public section *-----------------------------PUBLIC SECTION. * Counts number of instances n_o_airplanes = n_o_airplanes + 1. set_attributes IMPORTING p_name p_planetype display_attributes. planetype. ****************************************** * Definition part ****************************************** CLASS lcl_airplane DEFINITION. ENDMETHOD. ENDMETHOD. * Private attributes DATA: name(25) TYPE c. ENDMETHOD. name. ****************************************** * Implementation part ****************************************** CLASS lcl_airplane IMPLEMENTATION. 'Planetype:'. METHODS: constructor. METHOD display_attributes. WRITE: / 'No. METHOD set_attributes. METHOD constructor. * Private static attribute CLASS-DATA n_o_airplanes TYPE i. implement and use simple class ***INCLUDE ZBC404_HF_LCL_AIRPLANE . planetype = p_planetype. WRITE:/ 'Name:'.Define. *-----------------------------* Private section *-----------------------------PRIVATE SECTION. METHOD display_n_o_airplanes. ENDCLASS. planetype TYPE saplane-planetype. planes:'. n_o_airplanes. . TYPES: t_name(25) TYPE c.

INCLUDE zbc404_hf_lcl_airplane. airplane2 TYPE REF TO lcl_airplane. CALL METHOD: airplane1->display_n_o_airplanes. The resulting report: Maintain airplanes No. * Setting attributes using a method with parameters CALL METHOD airplane1->set_attributes EXPORTING p_name = 'Kurt' p_planetype = 'MD80'. START-OF-SELECTION. more code ... ENDCLASS.. * Create reference to class lcl_airplane DATA: airplane1 TYPE REF TO lcl_airplane. . name = p2_name. METHODS: constructor importing p2_name type t_name p2_planetype TYPE saplane-planetype. REPORT zbc404_hf_maintain_airplanes . END-OF-SELECTION.. TYPES: t_name(25) TYPE c. * Create instance CREATE OBJECT airplane1... planes: Name: Kurt 1 2 Planetype: MD80 Use constructor to create an object with parameters CLASS lcl_airplane DEFINITION....ENDMETHOD. . METHOD constructor. * Using methods CALL METHOD: airplane1->display_n_o_airplanes. airplane1->display_attributes. PUBLIC SECTION.. planes: No. CREATE OBJECT airplane2. CLASS lcl_airplane IMPLEMENTATION.

. CREATE OBJECT airplane1 exporting p2_name = 'Hansemand' p2_planetype = 'Boing 747'. TYPES: t_name(25) TYPE c. and redefines the superclass method display_attributes...... LCL_PASSENGER_AIRPLANE has the private instance attribute n_o_seats.planetype = p2_planetype. more code . LCL_AIRPLANE has a method display_n_o_airplanes that displays the number of object instances. * Static methods CLASS-METHODS: display_n_o_airplanes. . START-OF-SELECTION. and redefines the superclass method display_attributes. so it also displays n_o_seats. ****************************************** * Definition part ****************************************** CLASS lcl_airplane DEFINITION. Superclass LCL_AIRPLANE ***INCLUDE ZBC404_HF_LCL_AIRPLANE . LCL_CARGO_PLANE has the private instance attribute cargomax. *-----------------------------* Public section *-----------------------------PUBLIC SECTION.. All instance attributes are provided by the cunstructor method. display_attributes. METHODS: constructor IMPORTING im_name TYPE t_name im_planetype TYPE saplane-planetype. ... Subclassing This example uses a superclass LCL_AIRPLANE and subclasses it into LCL_PASSENGER_AIRPLANE and LCL_CARGO_PLANE.. so it also displays cargomax.

planetype TYPE saplane-planetype. * * The constructor contains the parameters from the superclass plus the parameters from the subclass METHODS: constructor IMPORTING im_name TYPE t_name im_planetype TYPE saplane-planetype im_n_o_seats TYPE sflight-seatsmax. ENDCLASS. DATA: n_o_seats TYPE sflight-seatsmax. * Private static attribute CLASS-DATA n_o_airplanes TYPE i. * Private attributes DATA: name(25) TYPE c. ******************************************************************* * This is a subclass of class lcl_airplane ******************************************************************* CLASS lcl_passenger_airplane DEFINITION INHERITING FROM lcl_airplane. * Counts number of instances n_o_airplanes = n_o_airplanes + 1. ENDMETHOD. name. ENDMETHOD. name = im_name. WRITE:/ 'Name:'. planetype. ENDMETHOD. 'Planetype:'. PUBLIC SECTION. PRIVATE SECTION. * . ****************************************** * Implementation part ****************************************** CLASS lcl_airplane IMPLEMENTATION. Redefinition of superclass method display_attributes display_attributes REDEFINITION. METHOD constructor. n_o_airplanes. METHOD display_attributes. ENDCLASS.*-----------------------------* Protected section *-----------------------------PROTECTED SECTION. planetype = im_planetype. WRITE: / 'No. METHOD display_n_o_airplanes. planes:'. Sub class LCL_PASSENGER_AIRPLANE ***INCLUDE ZBC404_HF_LCL_PASSENGER_PLANE .

WRITE: / 'No. WRITE: / 'Cargo max:'. CLASS lcl_passenger_airplane IMPLEMENTATION. METHOD display_attributes. ENDCLASS. * The constructor method of the superclass MUST be called withing the * constructor CALL METHOD super->constructor EXPORTING im_name = im_name im_planetype = im_planetype. * Redefinition of superclass method display_attributes display_attributes REDEFINITION. PRIVATE SECTION. CALL METHOD super->display_attributes. ******************************************************************* * This is a subclass of class lcl_airplane ******************************************************************* CLASS lcl_cargo_plane DEFINITION INHERITING FROM lcl_airplane. . * ENDCLASS. n_o_seats = im_n_o_seats. The redefined display_attributes method METHOD display_attributes. * The redefined display_attributes method CALL METHOD super->display_attributes.ENDCLASS. METHOD constructor. ENDMETHOD. seats:'. ENDCLASS. ENDMETHOD. cargomax = im_cargomax. ENDMETHOD. n_o_seats. CLASS lcl_cargo_plane IMPLEMENTATION. METHODS: * The constructor contains the parameters from the superclass * plus the parameters from the subclass constructor IMPORTING im_name TYPE t_name im_planetype TYPE saplane-planetype im_cargomax type scplane-cargomax. DATA:cargomax TYPE scplane-cargomax. METHOD constructor. Sub class LCL_CARGO_PLANE ***INCLUDE ZBC404_HF_LCL_CARGO_PLANE . ENDMETHOD. cargomax. * The constructor method of the superclass MUST be called withing the * construtor CALL METHOD super->constructor EXPORTING im_name = im_name im_planetype = im_planetype. PUBLIC SECTION.

* When calling a superclass => must be used instead of -> CALL METHOD lcl_airplane=>display_n_o_airplanes. o_cargo_plane TYPE REF TO lcl_cargo_plane. planes: 2 Polymorphism . CALL METHOD o_cargo_plane->display_attributes. seats: 350 Name: AR13 Planetype: DC 3 Cargo max: 35. * Create objects CREATE OBJECT o_passenger_airplane EXPORTING im_name = 'LH505' im_planetype = 'Boing 747' im_n_o_seats = 350. * Display attributes CALL METHOD o_passenger_airplane->display_attributes. DATA: * Type ref to sub classes. * Sub classes INCLUDE zbc404_hf_lcl_passenger_plane. planes: 0 Name: LH505 Planetype: Boing 747 No. * Display initial number of instances = 0 CALL METHOD lcl_airplane=>display_n_o_airplanes. START-OF-SELECTION.The Main program that uses the classes REPORT zbc404_hf_main . Result: No. differs from the syntax when calling a subclass method. * Call static method display_n_o_airplanes * Note: The syntax for calling a superclass method.0000 No. Note: It is not necesssary to make typeref to the superclass o_passenger_airplane TYPE REF TO lcl_passenger_airplane. CREATE OBJECT o_cargo_plane EXPORTING im_name = 'AR13' im_planetype = 'DC 3' im_cargomax = 35. * Super class INCLUDE zbc404_hf_lcl_airplane. INCLUDE zbc404_hf_lcl_cargo_plane.

* Creating the list of references CREATE OBJECT cargo_plane. that is. re_fuel = re_fuel + plane->estimate_fuel_consumption( distance ). APPEND cargo_plane to plane_list. and displays the list. depends on the dynamic type of the plane reference variable. and the processed identically for all the classes. ENDMETHOD.Polymorphism: When the same method is implemented differently in different classes. Object from different classes are stored in an internal table (plane_list) consisting of references to the superclass. LOOP AT plane_list INTO plane. as it depends on the airplane type. CREATE OBJECT passenger_plane APPEND passenger_plane to plane list. * Generic method for calucalting required fuel METHOD calculate required_fuel. lcl_passnger_airplane and lcl_cargo plane (Se Subcallsing) exists. This can be done using enheritance. DATA: plane TYPE REF TO lcl_airplane. Create objects of type lcl_cargo_plane and lcl_passenger_airplane. by redefining a method from the superclass in subclasses and implement it differently. Working example: This example assumes that the classes lcl_airplane. adds them to a list in lcl_carrier. ENDLOOP. *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Include ZBC404_HF_LCL_CARRIER * . Classes: • • • lcl_airplane Superclass lcl_cargo_airplane Subclass lcl_passenger_airplane Subclass The method estimate_fuel_consumption is implemented differently in the 3 classes. depends on which object plane points to. passenger_plane TYPE REF to lcl_passenger_airplane. plane_list TYPE TABLE OF REF TO lcl_airplane. What coding for the estimate_fuel_consumption method taht is actually executed. DATA: cargo_plane TYPE REF to lcl_cargo_airplane.

DATA: wa_list_of_flights TYPE flight_list_type. METHOD constructor. wa_list_of_flights-seatsocc = im_seatsocc. *---------------------------------------------------------------------* * CLASS lcl_carrier IMPLEMENTATION *---------------------------------------------------------------------* CLASS lcl_carrier IMPLEMENTATION. create_a_new_flight importing im_connid type sflight-connid im_fldate type sflight-fldate im_airplane type ref to lcl_airplane im_seatsocc type sflight-seatsocc optional im_cargo type p optional. list_of_airplanes TYPE TABLE OF REF TO lcl_airplane. name = im_name. PRIVATE SECTION. display_airplanes. wa_list_of_flights-connid = im_connid. PUBLIC SECTION. ENDIF. add_a_new_airplane IMPORTING im_airplane TYPE REF TO lcl_airplane. END OF flight_list_type. cargo(5) TYPE p DECIMALS 3. ENDMETHOD. get_name RETURNING value(ex_name) TYPE string.*& * *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* * CLASS lcl_carrier DEFINITION * *---------------------------------------------------------------------* CLASS lcl_carrier DEFINITION. METHOD get_name. wa_list_of_flights-fldate = im_fldate. wa_list_of_flights-airplane = im_airplane. fldate TYPE sflight-fldate. TYPES: BEGIN OF flight_list_type. ex_name = name. DATA: name TYPE string. seatsocc TYPE sflight-seatsocc. ELSE. airplane TYPE REF TO lcl_airplane. wa_list_of_flights-cargo = im_cargo. list_of_flights TYPE TABLE OF flight_list_type. ENDMETHOD. IF im_seatsocc IS INITIAL. ENDCLASS. connid TYPE sflight-connid. . METHODS: constructor IMPORTING im_name TYPE string. METHOD create_a_new_flight. ENDMETHOD. APPEND wa_list_of_flights TO list_of_flights.

* Carrier class INCLUDE zbc404_hf_lcl_carrier. ENDMETHOD. . * Sub classes for airplanes INCLUDE zbc404_hf_lcl_passenger_plane. ENDMETHOD. LOOP AT list_of_airplanes INTO l_airplane. DATA: * Type ref to classes o_passenger_airplane TYPE REF TO lcl_passenger_airplane. o_carrier TYPE REF TO lcl_carrier. * Create objects CREATE OBJECT o_passenger_airplane EXPORTING im_name = 'LH505' im_planetype = 'Boing 747' im_n_o_seats = 350. ENDLOOP. CREATE OBJECT o_cargo_plane2 EXPORTING im_name = 'AFL124' im_planetype = 'Iljutsin 2' im_cargomax = 35000. METHOD display_airplanes. o_passenger_airplane2 TYPE REF TO lcl_passenger_airplane. CREATE OBJECT o_cargo_plane EXPORTING im_name = 'AR13' im_planetype = 'DC 3' im_cargomax = 35. CALL METHOD l_airplane->display_attributes. ENDCLASS. START-OF-SELECTION. APPEND im_airplane TO list_of_airplanes. ******************************************************************* * This reprort uses class LCL_AIRPLNAE and subclasses * LCL_CARGO_PLANE and LCL_PASSENGER_AIRPLANE and class LCL_CARRIER ******************************************************************* * Super class for airplanes INCLUDE zbc404_hf_lcl_airplane. DATA: l_airplane TYPE REF TO lcl_airplane.METHOD add_a_new_airplane. o_cargo_plane TYPE REF TO lcl_cargo_plane. CREATE OBJECT o_carrier EXPORTING im_name = 'Spritisch Airways'. o_cargo_plane2 TYPE REF TO lcl_cargo_plane. CREATE OBJECT o_passenger_airplane2 EXPORTING im_name = 'SK333' im_planetype = 'MD80' im_n_o_seats = 110. REPORT zbc404_hf_main . INCLUDE zbc404_hf_lcl_cargo_plane.

IF im_time < 4.0000 Name: AFL124 Planetype: Iljutsin 2 Cargo max: 35. METHOD constructor. CALL METHOD o_carrier->add_a_new_airplane EXPORTING im_airplane = o_cargo_plane2.0000 Events Below is a simple example of how to implement an event. ENDCLASS. CALL METHOD o_carrier->add_a_new_airplane EXPORTING im_airplane = o_cargo_plane. *---------------------------------------------------------------------* * CLASS lcl_dog IMPLEMENTATION *---------------------------------------------------------------------* CLASS lcl_dog IMPLEMENTATION. im_name. ENDMETHOD. seats: 110 Name: AR13 Planetype: DC 3 Cargo max: 35. CALL METHOD o_carrier->add_a_new_airplane EXPORTING im_airplane = o_passenger_airplane2. * Display list of airplanes call method o_carrier->display_airplanes. Result: Name: LH505 Planetype: Boing 747 No.000. seats: 350 Name: SK333 Planetype: MD80 No. . *---------------------------------------------------------------------* * CLASS lcl_dog DEFINITION *---------------------------------------------------------------------* CLASS lcl_dog DEFINITION. on_dog_is_hungry FOR EVENT dog_is_hungry OF lcl_dog IMPORTING ex_time_since_last_meal. WRITE: / 'I am a dog and my name is'. REPORT zbc404_hf_events_5. set_time_since_last_meal IMPORTING im_time TYPE i. METHOD set_time_since_last_meal. * Declare events EVENTS: dog_is_hungry EXPORTING value(ex_time_since_last_meal) TYPE i. METHODS: constructor IMPORTING im_name TYPE string. PUBLIC SECTION.* Add passenger and cargo planes to the list of airplanes CALL METHOD o_carrier->add_a_new_airplane EXPORTING im_airplane = o_passenger_airplane.

WRITE: / 'You son of a bitch.SKIP 1. ex_time_since_last_meal. WRITE: / 'Give me something to eat NOW!'. Result: I am a dog and my name is Beefeater You fool. I am not hungry yet You son of a bitch. and CLASS-METHOD dosplay_no_of_employees can be called to . * This method call will raise the event dog_is_hungy * because time > 3 CALL METHOD o_dog1->set_time_since_last_meal EXPORTING im_time = 5. WRITE: / 'You fool. CALL METHOD o_dog1->set_time_since_last_meal EXPORTING im_time = 2. called when the event dog_is_hungry is raised SKIP 1. ENDMETHOD. ' hours'. START-OF-SELECTION. *---------------------------------------------------------------------* * R E P O R T *---------------------------------------------------------------------* DATA: o_dog1 TYPE REF TO lcl_dog. ENDMETHOD. ENDIF. ENDCLASS. * Raise event RAISE EVENT dog_is_hungry EXPORTING ex_time_since_last_meal = im_time. I have not eaten for more than 5 hours Give me something to eat NOW! 1. ELSE. Simple class This example shows how to create a simple employee class. CREATE OBJECT o_dog1 EXPORTING im_name = 'Beefeater'. METHOD on_dog_is_hungry. The constructor method is used to initialize number and name of thje employee when the object is created. I have not eaten for more than'. * Event method. I am not hungry yet'. * Subsrcribe for event: * set handler <Event handler method> * FOR <ref_sender>!FOR ALL INSTANCES [ACTIVATION <var>] SET HANDLER on_dog_is_hungry FOR ALL INSTANCES ACTIVATION 'X'. A display_employee method can be called to show the attributes of the employee.

ENDMETHOD. METHOD constructor. METHODS: constructor IMPORTING im_employee_no TYPE i im_employee_name TYPE string.LCL Employee . WRITE: / 'Number of employees is:'. PROTECTED SECTION. g_no_of_employees = g_no_of_employees + 1. *--. END OF t_employee. g_no_of_employees. g_employee-name. ENDMETHOD.LCL Employee . WRITE:/ 'Employee'. ********************************************************************* * L C L _ E M P L O Y E E ********************************************************************* *---. name TYPE string. PUBLIC SECTION. PRIVATE SECTION. g_employee-no = im_employee_no. *-------------------------------------------------------------------* The protecetd section is accesible from the class and its subclasses *-------------------------------------------------------------------* Class data are global for all instances CLASS-DATA: g_no_of_employees TYPE i. * Class methods are global for all instances CLASS-METHODS: display_no_of_employees.show the total number of employees (Number of instances of the employee class). g_employee-name = im_employee_name.Definition CLASS lcl_employee DEFINITION. ENDMETHOD. display_employee. g_employee-no. METHOD display_no_of_employees. *-------------------------------------------------------------------* The private section is only accesible from within the classs *-------------------------------------------------------------------DATA: g_employee TYPE t_employee. METHOD display_employee. ENDCLASS. *********************************************************************** * * R E P O R T .Implementation CLASS lcl_employee IMPLEMENTATION. *-------------------------------------------------------------------* The public section is accesible from outside *-------------------------------------------------------------------TYPES: BEGIN OF t_employee. ENDCLASS. no TYPE i. REPORT zbc404_hf_events_1.

Methodes: • Constructor.Adds a new employee to the list of employees Display_Employee_List . but as the wages are calculated differently for blue collar employees and white collar emplyees.********************************************************************* DATA: g_employee1 TYPE REF TO lcl_employee. CREATE OBJECT g_employee2 EXPORTING im_employee_no = 2 im_employee_name = 'Sally Summer'. CALL METHOD g_employee2->display_no_of_employees. The constructor is used to initialize the attributes of the employee.Displays total number of employees Note the use of CLASS-DATA to keep the list of employees and number of employees the same from instance to instance. CALL METHOD g_employee1->display_employee. Note that the constructor in the supclasss has to be called from within the constructor of the subclass. The class has the methods: • • • • Constructor Add_Employee . CREATE OBJECT g_employee1 EXPORTING im_employee_no = 1 im_employee_name = 'John Jones'. g_employee2 TYPE REF TO lcl_employee. Inheritance and polymorphism This example uses a superclass lcl_company_employees and two subclasses lcl_bluecollar_employee and lcl_whitecollar_employee to add employees to a list and then display a list of employees and there wages. where the caclculation of wage is different.Displays all employees and there wage Display_no_of_employees . START-OF-SELECTION. 2. CALL METHOD g_employee2->display_employee. The wages are calcukated in the method add_employee. the superclass method add_employee is redeifined in the subclasses. Create subclasses lcl_bluecollar_employee and lcl_whitecollar_employee. The calsses are identical. except for the redifinition of the add_employee method. . Principles: Create super class LCL_CompanyEmployees.

wage TYPE i. add_employee IMPORTING im_no TYPE i im_name TYPE string im_wage TYPE i. l_employee-wage. ENDMETHOD.• Add_Employee. l_employee-name.: The program REPORT zbc404_hf_events_2 . METHOD constructor. CLASS-DATA: i_employee_list TYPE TABLE OF t_employee. l_employee-wage = im_wage. WRITE: / 'List of Employees'. METHODS: constructor. * Adds a new employee to the list of employees DATA: l_employee TYPE t_employee. no TYPE i. PUBLIC SECTION. ENDLOOP. METHOD display_no_of_employees. l_employee-no = im_no. ENDCLASS. ENDMETHOD. ENDMETHOD. In the redefined class the wage is calcuated. . name TYPE string. no_of_employees = no_of_employees + 1. l_employee-name = im_name. APPEND l_employee TO i_employee_list. This is a redinition of the same method in the superclass. METHOD display_employee_list. LOOP AT i_employee_list INTO l_employee. display_employee_list. display_no_of_employees. TYPES: BEGIN OF t_employee. and the superclass method is called to add the employees to the emploee list. WRITE: / l_employee-no. ******************************************************* * Super class LCL_CompanyEmployees ******************************************************* CLASS lcl_company_employees DEFINITION. no_of_employees TYPE i. PRIVATE SECTION. END OF t_employee. METHOD add_employee. * Displays all employees and there wage DATA: l_employee TYPE t_employee. *-.CLASS LCL_CompanyEmployees IMPLEMENTATION CLASS lcl_company_employees IMPLEMENTATION.

CALL METHOD super->add_employee EXPORTING im_no = no im_name = name im_wage = l_wage. METHOD constructor. ******************************************************* * Sub class LCL_WhiteCollar_Employee ******************************************************* CLASS lcl_whitecollar_employee DEFINITION INHERITING FROM lcl_company_employees. ******************************************************* * Sub class LCL_BlueCollar_Employee ******************************************************* CLASS lcl_bluecollar_employee DEFINITION INHERITING FROM lcl_company_employees. ENDMETHOD. name = im_name. * The superclass constructor method must be called from the subclass * constructor method CALL METHOD super->constructor. METHODS: constructor IMPORTING im_no TYPE i .CLASS LCL_BlueCollar_Employee IMPLEMENTATION CLASS lcl_bluecollar_employee IMPLEMENTATION. ENDCLASS. no = im_no. hours TYPE i. hourly_payment = im_hourly_payment. ENDMETHOD. PRIVATE SECTION. METHOD add_employee. hourly_payment TYPE i. PUBLIC SECTION.* Displays total number of employees SKIP 3. METHODS: constructor IMPORTING im_no TYPE i im_name TYPE string im_hours TYPE i im_hourly_payment TYPE i. name TYPE string. ENDCLASS. DATA:no TYPE i. hours = im_hours. WRITE: / 'Total number of employees:'. PUBLIC SECTION. add_employee REDEFINITION. *---. ENDCLASS. no_of_employees. ENDMETHOD. * Calculate wage an call the superclass method add_employee to add * the employee to the employee list DATA: l_wage TYPE i. l_wage = hours * hourly_payment.

CLASS LCL_WhiteCollar_Employee IMPLEMENTATION CLASS lcl_whitecollar_employee IMPLEMENTATION. name TYPE string. no = im_no. monthly_salary TYPE i. ENDMETHOD. ******************************************************* * R E P O R T ******************************************************* DATA: * Object references o_bluecollar_employee1 TYPE REF TO lcl_bluecollar_employee. ENDCLASS. monthly_deductions TYPE i. PRIVATE SECTION. CALL METHOD super->add_employee EXPORTING im_no = no im_name = name im_wage = l_wage. ENDMETHOD. ENDCLASS. DATA: no TYPE i. l_wage = monthly_salary . monthly_deductions = im_monthly_deductions. monthly_salary = im_monthly_salary. START-OF-SELECTION. o_whitecollar_employee1 TYPE REF TO lcl_whitecollar_employee. * The superclass constructor method must be called from the subclass * constructor method CALL METHOD super->constructor. METHOD add_employee. METHOD constructor. add_employee REDEFINITION. * Calculate wage an call the superclass method add_employee to add * the employee to the employee list DATA: l_wage TYPE i. *---. * Create whitecollar employee obeject CREATE OBJECT o_whitecollar_employee1 EXPORTING im_no = 2 im_name = 'John Dickens' im_monthly_salary = 10000 .im_name TYPE string im_monthly_salary TYPE i im_monthly_deductions TYPE i. name = im_name. * Create bluecollar employee obeject CREATE OBJECT o_bluecollar_employee1 EXPORTING im_no = 1 im_name = 'Gylle Karen' im_hours = 38 im_hourly_payment = 75. * Add bluecollar employee to employee list CALL METHOD o_bluecollar_employee1->add_employee EXPORTING im_no = 1 im_name = 'Gylle Karen' im_wage = 0.monthly_deductions.

Note that the interface is only implemented in the superclass ( The INTERFACE stament). * Add bluecollar employee to employee list CALL METHOD o_whitecollar_employee1->add_employee EXPORTING im_no = 1 im_name = 'Karen Johnson' im_wage = 0.500 Total number of employees: 2 3. constants. . * Display employee list and number of employees. *---------------------------------------------------------------------* * INTERFACE lif_employee *---------------------------------------------------------------------* INTERFACE lif_employee. Note that the result * will be the same when called from o_whitecollar_employee1 or * o_bluecolarcollar_employee1. but also used in the subclasses. METHODS: add_employee IMPORTING im_no TYPE i im_name TYPE string im_wage TYPE i. REPORT zbc404_hf_events_3 . however an interface is implemented with the method add_employee. CALL METHOD o_whitecollar_employee1->display_no_of_employees.850 2 John Dickens 7. because the methods are defined * as static (CLASS-METHODS) CALL METHOD o_whitecollar_employee1->display_employee_list. but an iterface can also contain attrbutes. The resulting report List of Employees 1 Karen Johnson 2. ENDINTERFACE. The interface in the example only contains a method.im_monthly_deductions = 2500. ******************************************************* * Super class LCL_CompanyEmployees ******************************************************* CLASS lcl_company_employees DEFINITION. The output from example 3 is similiar to the output in example 2. types and alias names. All changes in the program compared to example 2 are marked with red. Interfaces This example is similiar to th eprevious example.

no TYPE i. WRITE: / l_employee-no. * Displays all employees and there wage DATA: l_employee TYPE t_employee. END OF t_employee. METHODS: constructor. ENDCLASS. l_employee-name.PUBLIC SECTION. wage TYPE i. TYPES: BEGIN OF t_employee. METHOD lif_employee~add_employee. METHOD display_employee_list. * add_employee "Removed IMPORTING im_no TYPE i im_name TYPE string im_wage TYPE i. l_employee-name = im_name. CLASS-DATA: i_employee_list TYPE TABLE OF t_employee. METHOD display_no_of_employees. ENDCLASS. ENDMETHOD. ENDLOOP. no_of_employees. ******************************************************* * Sub class LCL_BlueCollar_Employee ******************************************************* CLASS lcl_bluecollar_employee DEFINITION INHERITING FROM lcl_company_employees. PUBLIC SECTION. display_employee_list. *-. name TYPE string. METHOD constructor. LOOP AT i_employee_list INTO l_employee. * Displays total number of employees SKIP 3. * Adds a new employee to the list of employees DATA: l_employee TYPE t_employee. display_no_of_employees. l_employee-wage = im_wage. APPEND l_employee TO i_employee_list. no_of_employees = no_of_employees + 1. ENDMETHOD. WRITE: / 'Total number of employees:'. WRITE: / 'List of Employees'. METHODS: constructor . ENDMETHOD. no_of_employees TYPE i. l_employee-no = im_no. PRIVATE SECTION. ENDMETHOD. INTERFACES lif_employee. l_employee-wage.CLASS LCL_CompanyEmployees IMPLEMENTATION CLASS lcl_company_employees IMPLEMENTATION.

******************************************************* * Sub class LCL_WhiteCollar_Employee ******************************************************* CLASS lcl_whitecollar_employee DEFINITION INHERITING FROM lcl_company_employees. hours TYPE i. ENDCLASS.IMPORTING im_no TYPE i im_name TYPE string im_hours TYPE i im_hourly_payment TYPE i. *---. monthly_deductions TYPE i. CALL METHOD super->lif_employee~add_employee EXPORTING im_no = no im_name = name im_wage = l_wage. METHOD lif_employee~add_employee. METHOD constructor. DATA: no TYPE i. ENDMETHOD. .CLASS LCL_WhiteCollar_Employee IMPLEMENTATION CLASS lcl_whitecollar_employee IMPLEMENTATION. DATA:no TYPE i. monthly_salary TYPE i. PRIVATE SECTION. PRIVATE SECTION. l_wage = hours * hourly_payment. name = im_name. * The superclass constructor method must be called from the subclass * constructor method CALL METHOD super->constructor.. *---. lif_employee~add_employee REDEFINITION. PUBLIC SECTION. hourly_payment TYPE i. hourly_payment = im_hourly_payment. name TYPE string. lif_employee~add_employee REDEFINITION. * Calculate wage an call the superclass method add_employee to add * the employee to the employee list DATA: l_wage TYPE i. hours = im_hours. ENDCLASS. no = im_no. ENDMETHOD.CLASS LCL_BlueCollar_Employee IMPLEMENTATION CLASS lcl_bluecollar_employee IMPLEMENTATION. METHODS: constructor IMPORTING im_no TYPE i im_name TYPE string im_monthly_salary TYPE i im_monthly_deductions TYPE i. ENDCLASS. METHOD constructor. name TYPE string.

* Create whitecollar employee obeject CREATE OBJECT o_whitecollar_employee1 EXPORTING im_no = 2 im_name = 'John Dickens' im_monthly_salary = 10000 im_monthly_deductions = 2500. START-OF-SELECTION. * Calculate wage an call the superclass method add_employee to add * the employee to the employee list DATA: l_wage TYPE i. * Add bluecollar employee to employee list CALL METHOD o_whitecollar_employee1->lif_employee~add_employee EXPORTING im_no = 1 im_name = 'Gylle Karen' im_wage = 0. METHOD lif_employee~add_employee. . l_wage = monthly_salary . no = im_no.monthly_deductions. monthly_deductions = im_monthly_deductions. ENDMETHOD. because the methods are defined * as static (CLASS-METHODS) CALL METHOD o_whitecollar_employee1->display_employee_list. * Display employee list and number of employees. ENDMETHOD. CALL METHOD super->lif_employee~add_employee EXPORTING im_no = no im_name = name im_wage = l_wage. ******************************************************* * R E P O R T ******************************************************* DATA: * Object references o_bluecollar_employee1 TYPE REF TO lcl_bluecollar_employee. name = im_name. o_whitecollar_employee1 TYPE REF TO lcl_whitecollar_employee. ENDCLASS. * Create bluecollar employee obeject CREATE OBJECT o_bluecollar_employee1 EXPORTING im_no = 1 im_name = 'Gylle Karen' im_hours = 38 im_hourly_payment = 75. Note that the result * will be the same when called from o_whitecollar_employee1 or * o_bluecolarcollar_employee1. * Add bluecollar employee to employee list CALL METHOD o_bluecollar_employee1->lif_employee~add_employee EXPORTING im_no = 1 im_name = 'Karen Johnson' im_wage = 0.* * The superclass constructor method must be called from the subclass constructor method CALL METHOD super->constructor. CALL METHOD o_whitecollar_employee1->display_no_of_employees. monthly_salary = im_monthly_salary.

name TYPE string. wage TYPE i. All changes are marked with red. Events This is the same example as example 4. There have been no canges to the subclasses.CLASS LCL_CompanyEmployees IMPLEMENTATION CLASS lcl_company_employees IMPLEMENTATION. display_no_of_employees. METHODS: constructor. * Declare event. no TYPE i. * Declare event method on_employee_added_to_list FOR EVENT employee_added_to_list OF lcl_company_employees IMPORTING ex_employee_name sender. PUBLIC SECTION. *-. PRIVATE SECTION. only to the superclass and the report. TYPES: BEGIN OF t_employee. no_of_employees TYPE i.4. METHOD constructor. CLASS-DATA: i_employee_list TYPE TABLE OF t_employee. Note that declaration could also be placed in the * interface EVENTS: employee_added_to_list EXPORTING value(ex_employee_name) TYPE string. ******************************************************* * Super class LCL_CompanyEmployees ******************************************************* CLASS lcl_company_employees DEFINITION. *---------------------------------------------------------------------* * INTERFACE lif_employee *---------------------------------------------------------------------* INTERFACE lif_employee. sp the code for th esubclasses is not shown. display_employee_list. ENDCLASS. REPORT zbc404_hf_events_4 . END OF t_employee. . ENDINTERFACE. * CLASS-EVENTS: Events can also be defined as class-events INTERFACES lif_employee. METHODS: add_employee IMPORTING im_no TYPE i im_name TYPE string im_wage TYPE i. For a simple example refer to Events in Examples.

l_employee-name. l_employee-wage = im_wage. ENDLOOP. ******************************************************* * Sub class LCL_WhiteCollar_Employee ******************************************************* CLASS lcl_whitecollar_employee DEFINITION See code in example 3. METHOD display_no_of_employees. * Raise event employee_added_to_list RAISE EVENT employee_added_to_list EXPORTING ex_employee_name = l_employee-name. l_employee-no = im_no.. ENDCLASS. METHOD on_employee_added_to_list. ENDCLASS. ENDCLASS.. ex_employee_name... See code in example 3. l_employee-wage. ******************************************************* * Sub class LCL_BlueCollar_Employee ******************************************************* CLASS lcl_bluecollar_employee DEFINITION INHERITING FROM lcl_company_employees. no_of_employees.. * Adds a new employee to the list of employees DATA: l_employee TYPE t_employee.. ******************************************************* * R E P O R T ******************************************************* DATA: * Object references . METHOD display_employee_list. ENDMETHOD. ENDMETHOD. CLASS lcl_bluecollar_employee IMPLEMENTATION. ENDCLASS. * Displays total number of employees SKIP 3. See code in example 3. See code in example 3. ENDMETHOD. l_employee-name = im_name.. WRITE: / 'List of Employees'. ENDMETHOD. WRITE: / 'Total number of employees:'. METHOD lif_employee~add_employee. ENDMETHOD. * Event method WRITE: / 'Employee added to list'. APPEND l_employee TO i_employee_list. WRITE: / l_employee-no. LOOP AT i_employee_list INTO l_employee. CLASS lcl_whitecollar_employee IMPLEMENTATION. ENDCLASS.no_of_employees = no_of_employees + 1.. * Displays all employees and there wage DATA: l_employee TYPE t_employee.

Note that the result * will be the same when called from o_whitecollar_employee1 or * o_bluecolarcollar_employee1. CALL METHOD o_whitecollar_employee1->display_no_of_employees. START-OF-SELECTION.500 Total number of employees: 2 . * Display employee list and number of employees.o_bluecollar_employee1 TYPE REF TO lcl_bluecollar_employee. o_whitecollar_employee1 TYPE REF TO lcl_whitecollar_employee. because the methods are defined * as static (CLASS-METHODS) CALL METHOD o_whitecollar_employee1->display_employee_list.´ * Add bluecollar employee to employee list CALL METHOD o_whitecollar_employee1->lif_employee~add_employee EXPORTING im_no = 1 im_name = 'Gylle Karen' im_wage = 0. * Register event for o_bluecollar_employee1 SET HANDLER o_bluecollar_employee1->on_employee_added_to_list FOR o_bluecollar_employee1. * Create whitecollar employee obeject CREATE OBJECT o_whitecollar_employee1 EXPORTING im_no = 2 im_name = 'John Dickens' im_monthly_salary = 10000 im_monthly_deductions = 2500. Result: Employee added to list Karen Johnson Employee added to list John Dickens List of Employees 1 Karen Johnson 2. * Add bluecollar employee to employee list CALL METHOD o_bluecollar_employee1->lif_employee~add_employee EXPORTING im_no = 1 im_name = 'Gylle Karen' im_wage = 0. * Register event for o_whitecollar_employee1 SET HANDLER o_whitecollar_employee1->on_employee_added_to_list FOR o_whitecollar_employee1. * Create bluecollar employee obeject CREATE OBJECT o_bluecollar_employee1 EXPORTING im_no = 1 im_name = 'Karen Johnson' im_hours = 38 im_hourly_payment = 75.850 2 John Dickens 7.

However you should not rely entirely on automatic synchronization. and can be used both by control wrapper calsses and by control progtrammers The CL_GUI_OBJECT encapsulates ActiveX or JavaBeans methods. but force synchronization with the Flush method when necessary. while CL_GUI_CONTROL is responsible for displaying the control on the screen. Bear in mind that the synchronization/RFC calls represenmts a bottleneck. Syntax: CALL METHOD cl_gui_cfw=>FLUSH Set up event handling for controls There are two types of events: Application events. Synchronization/Flush RFC calls is used to synchronize the front and backend. In the events table the event must be registred as an application event by setting then field appl_event to 'X': .General Control Framework and enheritance hierarchy The control framework consists of 2 parts: • • CL_GUI_CFW contains methods that provide services for communication with the frontend. CL_GUI_OBJECT -> CL_GUI_CONTROL -> CL_GUI_* (Wrapper class) These classes contains methods that are enherited by subsequent classes in the enheritance tree. so you should keep the not use the Flush method to a minimum. T The flow logic of the screen is processed after the event (The PAI module is processed). This synchronization takes palce at some predifined points in the program flow.

System events. wa_events-appl_event = 'X'. METHODS: * Syntax: . wa_events-appl_event = space. Data: * 1. Define and instance of the eventhandler class. For system events the flow-logic of the screen is not executed. Important: The dispatch method of cl_gui_cfw must be called in the PAI module: CALL METHOD cl_gui_cfw=>dispatch. append wa_events to i_events. * If the event handler class is defined after the data decalaration * the class must be declared as DEFERRED in the top of the program: CLASS cls_event_handler DEFINITION DEFERRED. To see a complete example of how to handle events. * Note that a TYPE REF to cls_event_handler must be created before you can * reference types cntl_simple_events and cntl_simple_event gi_events TYPE cntl_simple_events. In the events table the the field appl_event must be set to SAPCE: wa_events-eventid = cl_gui_textedit=>event_double_click.wa_events-eventid = cl_gui_textedit=>event_double_click. Define table for registration of events. * Workspace for table gi_events g_event TYPE cntl_simple_event. refer to The SAP toolbar control. * 2. Define and implement eventhandler class CLASS cls_event_handler DEFINITION. go_event_handler TYPE REF TO cls_event_handler. PUBLIC SECTION. Example It is presumed that a SAP toolbar control named go_toolbar of class cl_gui_toolbar has been defined. append wa_events to i_events. The dispatch method of cl_gui_cfw must NOT be called. * 3. That means that the PAI and PBO modules are not processed.

Append events to the events table * The Event Id can be found in the control documentation.. Note that The event below is registred as an application event g_event-eventid = go_toolbar->m_id_function_selected. CLASS lcl_myclass. CLASS cls_event_handler IMPLEMENTATION. .. * Syntax: * SET HANDLER <event handler class> -> <Event handler method> * FOR <control> SET HANDLER go_event_handler->on_function_selected FOR go_toolbar.* <method name> FOR EVENT <event of control .see the control documentation> on_function_selected FOR EVENT function_selected OF cl_gui_toolbar IMPORTING fcode.see the control documentation> * OF <class of object> <importing parameters l .. ENDCLASS. * 4. "This is an application event APPEND g_event TO gi_events.. METHOD on_function_selected. ENDCLASS. . * Do something when the event is raised ENDMETHOD. ENDCLASS. Use the events table to register events for the control CALL METHOD go_toolbar->set_registered_events EXPORTING events = gi_events. g_event-appl_event = 'X'. Declare a reference variable before the class has been defined Scenario: DATA: o_my_class TYPE REF TO lcl_myclass. * 5.. append more events i necessary..... Create event handler CREATE OBJECT go_event_handler. * 6.

* A Shape Interface "Like a shape" "Behaves like a Shape" Adverb/Adjective Interface IShape.. Public Section.This will cause an error because the definition of class lcl_myclass is after the declaration. getCircumference Returning Value(circumference) Type F. * A Circle Class that behaves like a Shape Class CCircle Definition.vsnl..Business Add In you need to Understand ABAP OO Interface Concept Content Author: Jayanta Narayan Choudhuri Author Email: sss@cal. CLASS lcl_myclass... DATA: o_my_class TYPE REF TO lcl_myclass. .net. Methods: getArea Returning Value(area) Type F. ENDCLASS.in Author Website: http://www. Endinterface.com/ojnc * For Rajat's OO ans BAdI Education Report Z_CTRY. Set focus to a control Set the focus to a control named go_grid: CALL METHOD cl_gui_control=>set_focus EXPORTING control = go_grid.geocities. Solution: Define the class in the beginning of the program with DEFINITION DEFERRED: CLASS lcl_myclass DEFINITION DEFERRED. To Use BADI .

getCircumference For IShape~getCircumference. * A Square Class Class CSquare Definition. Interfaces IShape. EndClass. EndMethod. EndMethod. EndMethod. getRadius Returning Value(pRadius) Type F. Method Constructor. Method setRadius. pRadius = radius. Compute area = 2 * PI * radius. Class CSquare Implementation.Interfaces IShape. Data side Type F. getCircumference For IShape~getCircumference. EndClass. Method Constructor. Constructor Importing pRadius Type F.141592365359'. Method IShape~getCircumference. EndClass. radius = pRadius. radius = pRadius. Aliases: getArea For IShape~getArea. Public Section. setRadius Importing pRadius Type F. EndMethod. Method IShape~getArea. Compute circumference = PI * radius * radius. EndMethod. . Data radius Type F. Constructor Importing pSide Type F. Methods: Private Section. Methods: Private Section. Method getRadius. Class CCircle Implementation. Constants PI Type F Value '3. Aliases: getArea For IShape~getArea.

Data: height Type F. EndMethod. Method Constructor. Compute circumference = 4 * side. EndClass. height = pHeight. Aliases: getArea For IShape~getArea. Method IShape~getCircumference. with Shape Behaviour * Concrete Objects with IShape Behaviour! " One Object with " Array of Objects . Method IShape~getArea. EndMethod. length Type F. Methods: Private Section. EndMethod. length = pLength. Interfaces IShape. * START of PROGRAM * Array of Shapes Data: OneShape Type Ref To IShape.side = pSide. * A Rectangle Class Class CRectangle Definition. getCircumference For IShape~getCircumference. Shape Behaviour ShapeTable Type Table Of Ref To IShape. Compute area = height * length. Method IShape~getCircumference. EndClass. EndMethod. EndClass. Compute area = side * side. Class CRectangle Implementation. Public Section. Method IShape~getArea. Constructor Importing pHeight Type F pLength Type F. Compute circumference = 2 * ( height + length ). EndMethod. EndMethod.

Loop At ShapeTable into OneShape. Call Method OneShape->getArea Receiving area = myArea. CRectangle. 0. descr_ref = CL_ABAP_TYPEDESCR=>Describe_By_Object_Ref( OneShape ). * Append in any order! Append S1 to ShapeTable. Data: descr_ref ClassName Serial TYPE ref to CL_ABAP_TYPEDESCR. CSquare. Serial = 0. Write: /. EndLoop. '.5'.0'.Data: C1 S1 R1 C2 S2 R2 Type Type Type Type Type Type Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref To To To To To To CCircle.4'. Type I. Create Object C2 Exporting pRadius = '5. Add 1 to Serial.3'. Call Method descr_ref->get_relative_name Receiving P_RELATIVE_NAME = ClassName. CSquare. Append C1 to ShapeTable. Append R1 to ShapeTable. Create Object C1 Exporting pRadius = '2. Create Object S1 Exporting pSide = '3. Write: / 'Circumference '. Create Object S2 Exporting pSide = '6. Append C2 to ShapeTable. Call Method OneShape->getCircumference Receiving circumference = myCircumference.7' pLength = '6. Data: myArea Type F. myArea Decimals 4 Exponent . CRectangle. Write: / 'Area 0. myCircumference Decimals 4 Exponent ClassName. Create Object R1 Exporting pHeight = '2. Write: / Serial. CCircle. myCircumference Type F. START-OF-SELECTION.0'.5'. Append S2 to ShapeTable. Append R2 to ShapeTable. Create Object R2 Exporting pHeight = '1. Type String.8' pLength = '3.

In the elements list enter the name OK_CODE for the element of type OK.0000 10. Create screen 100 Place a custom control on the screen by choosing the custom control icon which can be recognized by the letter 'C'. 2. DATA: * Create reference to the custom container custom_container TYPE REF TO cl_gui_custom_container.7080 19.0000 Example 1: Creating the TextEdit control This is a simple example of how to implement a text edit control.0000 24.0000 9. add a pushbutton with the function code EXIT.** * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Results 1 CSQUARE Area Circumference 2 CRECTANGLE Area Circumference 3 CRECTANGLE Area Circumference 4 CCIRCLE Area Circumference 5 CCIRCLE Area Circumference 6 CSQUARE Area Circumference 12.5200 12.6350 36.4159 78. Create a report In the start of selection event add: SET SCREEN '100'.5398 15. To be able to exit the program. Steps 1. . CONSTANTS: line_length TYPE i VALUE 254.2500 14. 5. and give it the name MYCONTAINER1. 4.7100 16. 6. 3.4000 31. The code REPORT sapmz_hf_controls1 . DATA: ok_code LIKE sy-ucomm.

ENDMODULE.* Create reference to the TextEdit control editor TYPE REF TO cl_gui_textedit. . MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE 'I' NUMBER sy-msgno WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4. LEAVE TO SCREEN 0. *---------------------------------------------------------------------* * MODULE USER_COMMAND_0100 INPUT * *---------------------------------------------------------------------* MODULE user_command_0100 INPUT. " USER_COMMAND_0100 INPUT *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Module STATUS_0100 OUTPUT *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* MODULE status_0100 OUTPUT. ENDIF. * The TextEdit control shoul only be initialized the first time the * PBO module executes IF editor IS INITIAL. WHEN 'EXIT'. repid = sy-repid. repid LIKE sy-repid. * Create obejct for custom container CREATE OBJECT custom_container EXPORTING container_name = 'MYCONTAINER1' EXCEPTIONS cntl_error = 1 cntl_system_error = 2 create_error = 3 lifetime_error = 4 lifetime_dynpro_dynpro_link = 5 others = 6 . SET SCREEN '100'. START-OF-SELECTION. ENDCASE. CASE ok_code. * Create obejct for the TextEditor control CREATE OBJECT editor EXPORTING wordwrap_mode = cl_gui_textedit=>wordwrap_at_fixed_position wordwrap_position = line_length wordwrap_to_linebreak_mode = cl_gui_textedit=>true parent = custom_container EXCEPTIONS error_cntl_create = 1 error_cntl_init = 2 error_cntl_link = 3 error_dp_create = 4 gui_type_not_supported = 5 others = 6 . IF sy-subrc <> 0. IF sy-subrc <> 0.

These events are triggerede irrespective of the screen flow-logic. ENDIF. The method CL_GUI_CFW=>DISPATCH must be called to initiate event handling In this example an application event is added to the program in example 1.Application event There are 2 types of events: • • System events. ENDIF. ENDMODULE. . The PAI module is processed after an event. " STATUS_0100 OUTPUT The result Example 2: Event handling .MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE 'I' NUMBER sy-msgno WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4. New code is marked with red. Application events.

METHOD catch_dblclick. . ENDCLASS. repid LIKE sy-repid. DATA: ok_code LIKE sy-ucomm. CLASS lcl_event_handler IMPLEMENTATION. * Structure for oneline of the table wa_events TYPE cntl_simple_event. refresh i_events. CLEAR wa_events. ENDCLASS. CONSTANTS: line_length TYPE i VALUE 254. WHEN OTHERS. DATA: * Create reference to the custom container custom_container TYPE REF TO cl_gui_custom_container.Steps: 1. event_type = 'Event DBLCLICK raised'. where the event type can be output. CLASS-METHODS: catch_dblclick FOR EVENT dblclick OF cl_gui_textedit IMPORTING sender. Create an input/output field on screen 100. * Internal table for events that should be registred i_events TYPE cntl_simple_events. PUBLIC SECTION. *---------------------------------------------------------------------* * MODULE USER_COMMAND_0100 INPUT * *---------------------------------------------------------------------* MODULE user_command_0100 INPUT. CASE ok_code. Name it EVENT_TYPE The code: REPORT sapmz_hf_controls1 . START-OF-SELECTION. ENDMETHOD. LEAVE TO SCREEN 0. ********************************************************************** * Impmenting events ********************************************************************** DATA: event_type(20) TYPE c. WHEN 'EXIT'. SET SCREEN '100'. * Create reference to the TextEdit control editor TYPE REF TO cl_gui_textedit. *---------------------------------------------------------------------* * CLASS lcl_event_handler DEFINITION *---------------------------------------------------------------------* CLASS lcl_event_handler DEFINITION.

ENDCASE. * The TextEdit control shoul only be initialized the first time the * PBO module executes IF editor IS INITIAL. * Create obejct for custom container CREATE OBJECT custom_container EXPORTING container_name = 'MYCONTAINER1' EXCEPTIONS cntl_error = 1 cntl_system_error = 2 create_error = 3 lifetime_error = 4 lifetime_dynpro_dynpro_link = 5 others = 6 . * Link the event handler method to the event and the * TextEdit control SET HANDLER lcl_event_handler=>catch_dblclick FOR editor.* Call the Dispacth method to initiate application event handling call method cl_gui_cfw=>Dispatch. ENDMODULE. * Create obejct for the TextEditor control CREATE OBJECT editor EXPORTING wordwrap_mode = cl_gui_textedit=>wordwrap_at_fixed_position wordwrap_position = line_length wordwrap_to_linebreak_mode = cl_gui_textedit=>true parent = custom_container EXCEPTIONS error_cntl_create = 1 error_cntl_init = 2 error_cntl_link = 3 error_dp_create = 4 gui_type_not_supported = 5 others = 6 . wa_events-appl_event = 'X'. ENDIF. ENDIF. " USER_COMMAND_0100 INPUT *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Module STATUS_0100 OUTPUT *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* MODULE status_0100 OUTPUT. MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE 'I' NUMBER sy-msgno WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4. repid = sy-repid. IF sy-subrc <> 0. "This is an application event . IF sy-subrc <> 0. * Register the event in the internal table i_events wa_events-eventid = cl_gui_textedit=>event_double_click. MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE 'I' NUMBER sy-msgno WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4.

.append wa_events to i_events.. " USER_COMMAND_0100 INPUT MODULE status_0100 OUTPUT. "This is a system event ENDIF. * Reacting to the system event call method cl_gui_cfw=>set_new_ok_code exporting new_code = 'SHOW'.System event System events are passed irrespective of the flow-logic of the screen...... ENDMODULE.. WHEN OTHERS. To implement a system event change the code from example 2 as follows: Code: CLASS lcl_event_handler IMPLEMENTATION. " STATUS_0100 OUTPUT * * Result: When you double click on the TextEdit control.. .. since the flowlogic of the screen an dthe fielde transport is ignore. ENDIF..event_type = 'Event DBLCLICK raised'... MODULE user_command_0100 INPUT. Pass the table to the TextEdit control using method set_registred_events call method editor->set_registered_events exporting events = i_events.. WHEN 'SHOW'.. METHOD catch_dblclick. ENDMODULE.. Code .. CASE ok_code.. ENDCASE. " STATUS_0100 OUTPUT Result: When you double clicks on the TextEdit control nothing happens.. "This is an application event wa_events-appl_event = space. *---call method cl_gui_cfw=>Dispatch... event_type = 'System dblclick'.. *--wa_events-appl_event = 'X'.. code. ENDMODULE. the input/ouput field should show the text: Event DBLCLICK Example 3: Event handling . *--.

DATA i_texttable TYPE TABLE OF t_texttable.' TO i_texttable.. Define a form CREATE_TEXTS that carries out the text import.Example 4: Calling methods of the control In this exercise a function that loads the texts of an internal table into the text window. code.. CASE ok_code. IF sy-subrc > 0. APPEND 'hallo world !' TO i_texttable. Only changes to the code in example 2 is show.. perform load_texts. that activates the method that fills the TextEdit control. ENDMODULE. * Create internal table with texts APPEND 'This a method that fills the TextEdit control' TO i_texttable. " USER_COMMAND_0100 INPUT *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form load_texts *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* * This form creates an internal table with texts.. DO 10 TIMES. is implemented. line(line_length) TYPE c.. ENDCASE. ENDDO. Code: MODULE user_command_0100 INPUT. APPEND 'with a text.. TYPES: BEGIN OF t_texttable. Steps: Define anoterh pushbutton on the screen. * Display an error message ... Give itname PUSHBUTTON_IMPORT and function code IMP. * Load TextEdit control with texts CALL METHOD editor->set_text_as_r3table EXPORTING table = i_texttable. WHEN 'IMP'. The the contents of * the table is instered into the TextEdit control using method * set_text_as_r3table *---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM load_texts. END OF t_texttable.

" create_texts Example 5: Responding to an event When you double click on a text line in the TextEdit control. The whole program now looks like this: Code REPORT sapmz_hf_controls1 . . you want it to be prefixed with a '*'. * All methods that operates on controls are transferred to the frontend * by a RFC calls. The program should be changed so that the internal table i_texttable is global. * Display an error message ENDIF. ENDFORM. and a global flag g_loaded added. is retreived using method GET_SELECTION_POS. DATA: * Create reference to the custom container custom_container TYPE REF TO cl_gui_custom_container. The position of the double click in the TextEdit control is used to find the entry in the table.EXIT. the method FLUSH is used to determine when this is done. DATA: ok_code LIKE sy-ucomm. and the entry is prefixed with '*' and loaded into the TextEdit control again. * Create reference to the TextEdit control editor TYPE REF TO cl_gui_textedit. The load of the table should be moved to the PBO module. repid LIKE sy-repid. g_loaded(1) TYPE c. END OF t_texttable. The changes in thje code are marked with red. ENDIF. CALL METHOD cl_gui_cfw=>flush. ********************************************************************** * Utillity table to load texts ********************************************************************** TYPES: BEGIN OF t_texttable. The line number of the TextEdit control that is double clicked. IF sy-subrc > 0. line(line_length) TYPE c. The internal text table is reloaded froim the TextEdit control with method GET_TEXT_AS_R3TABLE. CONSTANTS: line_length TYPE i VALUE 254. DATA: i_texttable TYPE TABLE OF t_texttable.

SHIFT wa_texttable. *---------------------------------------------------------------------* * CLASS lcl_event_handler DEFINITION *---------------------------------------------------------------------* CLASS lcl_event_handler DEFINITION. wa_texttable TYPE t_texttable. METHOD catch_dblclick. to_pos TYPE i.********************************************************************** * Impmenting events ********************************************************************** DATA: event_type(20) TYPE c. PUBLIC SECTION. . ENDIF. DATA: from_line TYPE i. EXIT. * Structure for oneline of the table wa_events TYPE cntl_simple_event. * Used for the sytem event call method cl_gui_cfw=>set_new_ok_code exporting new_code = 'SHOW'. CLASS lcl_event_handler IMPLEMENTATION. IF sy-subrc <> 0. modify i_texttable from wa_texttable index from_line. CALL METHOD sender->get_text_as_r3table IMPORTING table = i_texttable. to_line TYPE i. ENDIF. CLASS-METHODS: catch_dblclick FOR EVENT dblclick OF cl_gui_textedit IMPORTING sender. ELSEIF wa_texttable+0(1) NS '*'. * Read the line of the internal table that was clicked READ TABLE i_texttable INDEX from_line INTO wa_texttable. ENDIF. so * first reload text from the control into the internal * table that contains text IF NOT g_loaded IS INITIAL. * Texts in the TextEdit control can have been changed. * Internal table for events that should be registred i_events TYPE cntl_simple_events. * Read the position of the double click CALL METHOD sender->get_selection_pos IMPORTING from_line = from_line from_pos = from_pos to_line = to_line to_pos = to_pos. * Reload texts from h einternal table perform load_texts. IF wa_texttable+0(1) CS '*'. ENDCLASS. wa_texttable+0(1) = '*'. from_pos TYPE i. SHIFT wa_texttable RIGHT.

WHEN OTHERS. ENDCLASS. *---------------------------------------------------------------------* * MODULE USER_COMMAND_0100 INPUT * *---------------------------------------------------------------------* MODULE user_command_0100 INPUT. ENDIF. * Create object for custom container CREATE OBJECT custom_container EXPORTING container_name = 'MYCONTAINER1' EXCEPTIONS cntl_error = 1 cntl_system_error = 2 create_error = 3 lifetime_error = 4 lifetime_dynpro_dynpro_link = 5 others = 6 .ENDMETHOD. CLEAR wa_events. WHEN 'SHOW'. event_type = 'System dblclick'. LEAVE TO SCREEN 0. repid = sy-repid. ENDMODULE. "Not used for system events ENDCASE. MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE 'I' NUMBER sy-msgno WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4. PERFORM Load_texts. " USER_COMMAND_0100 INPUT *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Module STATUS_0100 OUTPUT *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* MODULE status_0100 OUTPUT. WHEN 'IMP'. * CALL METHOD cl_gui_cfw=>dispatch. REFRESH: i_events. IF sy-subrc <> 0. WHEN 'EXIT'. SET SCREEN '100'. START-OF-SELECTION. * The TextEdit control shoul only be initialized the first time the * PBO module executes IF editor IS INITIAL. CASE ok_code. * Create obejct for the TextEditor control CREATE OBJECT editor EXPORTING wordwrap_mode = cl_gui_textedit=>wordwrap_at_fixed_position wordwrap_position = line_length wordwrap_to_linebreak_mode = cl_gui_textedit=>true parent = custom_container EXCEPTIONS .

DO 10 TIMES. * Display an error message EXIT. * Link the event handler method to the event and the * TextEdit control SET HANDLER lcl_event_handler=>catch_dblclick FOR editor. CALL METHOD cl_gui_cfw=>flush. * Register the event in the internal table i_events wa_events-eventid = cl_gui_textedit=>event_double_click.' TO i_texttable. * Display an error message . ENDMODULE. * Pass the table to the TextEdit control uding method * set_registred_events CALL METHOD editor->set_registered_events EXPORTING events = i_events. " STATUS_0100 OUTPUT *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form Load_texts *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* * This form loads the lines of the internal table i_texttable into * the TextEdit control *---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM Load_texts. APPEND 'hallo world !' TO i_texttable. IF sy-subrc > 0. * Load TextEdit control with texts CALL METHOD editor->set_text_as_r3table EXPORTING table = i_texttable. * wa_events-appl_event = 'X'. ENDDO. * All methods that operates on controls are transferred to the frontend * by a RFC calls. ENDIF. IF sy-subrc <> 0. ENDIF. * Create internal table with texts taht can be uploaded to * the TextEdit control APPEND 'This a method that fills the TextEdit control' TO i_texttable. ENDIF. APPEND 'with a text. IF sy-subrc > 0. "This is a system event APPEND wa_events TO i_events. the method FLUSH is used to determine when this is * done. "This is an application event wa_events-appl_event = space.error_cntl_create = 1 error_cntl_init = 2 error_cntl_link = 3 error_dp_create = 4 gui_type_not_supported = 5 others = 6 . MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE 'I' NUMBER sy-msgno WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4.

. . the method PROTECT_SELECTION could be used.. PERFORM protect... WHEN 'PROTECT'. This method does not need line numbers or a FLUSH statement Steps • Add a new pushbutton to the screen with the function code PROTECT. This is very important when working e... as the parmeters will not be correct before the FLUSH method has been called.. . Code Add the following code to the example: * Global variables DATA: from_idx TYPE i....... MODULE user_command_0100 INPUT.. code.... CASE ok_code... " create_texts Example 6: Protect a line in the TextEdit control and the importance of FLUSH All methods that operates on controls are transfered to the fronend by RFC calls.. to_idx TYPE i... with export parameters from a method.... The example below portects selected lines in the TextEdit and uses FLUSH to ensure that the correct parameters are returned from method GET_SELECTION_POS......ENDIF....g. ENDFORM.... ENDCASE.. g_loaded = 'X'..... Note: Instead of using method PROTECT_LINES. *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form protect *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* ... The FLUSH method is used to synchronize control execution and the frontend. index TYPE i..

eliminating the * need of line numbers and the last FLUSH * call method editor->protect_selection. * The PROTECT_SELECTION method could be used instead. * Synchronize execution in the control with the ABAP program. " protect Example 7: Using multiple controls In this example a second TextEdit control will be added to the screen. ENDFORM. ENDIF. * Protect the selected lines IF to_idx > from_idx. * Errormessage: Error in flush ENDIF. Steps: • Add a new container to the screen and name it MYCONTAINER2. IF sy-subrc > 0. * Determine the area selected by the user CALL METHOD editor->get_selection_pos IMPORTING from_line = from_idx to_line = to_idx EXCEPTIONS error_cntl_call_method = 1. * Errormessage: Error in flush ENDIF. * Without this synchronization the variables from_idx and * to_idx will have obsolutete values (The initial value for * both. Code: . CALL METHOD editor->protect_lines EXPORTING from_line = from_idx to_line = to_idx. are 0) CALL METHOD cl_gui_cfw=>flush.* Protects marked lines in a TextEdit control *---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM protect. to_idx = to_idx . The new TextEdit control will be designed to act as a clipboard for short texts.1. IF sy-subrc > 0. * Flush again to protect immidiately CALL METHOD cl_gui_cfw=>flush.

custom_container2 TYPE REF TO cl_gui_custom_container. * Create obejct for the SCRATCH TextEditor control CREATE OBJECT scratch EXPORTING parent = custom_container2 wordwrap_mode = cl_gui_textedit=>wordwrap_at_windowborder wordwrap_to_linebreak_mode = cl_gui_textedit=>true. Insert the following code in the PBO module: *-----------------------------------------------------* The SCRATCH TextEdit control *-----------------------------------------------------IF scratch IS INITIAL. * Remove the staus bar CALL METHOD scratch->set_statusbar_mode EXPORTING statusbar_mode = cl_gui_textedit=>false. Result: . * Create obejct for custom container2 CREATE OBJECT custom_container2 EXPORTING container_name = 'MYCONTAINER2' EXCEPTIONS cntl_error = 1 cntl_system_error = 2 create_error = 3 lifetime_error = 4 lifetime_dynpro_dynpro_link = 5 others = 6 . ENDIF. IF sy-subrc <> 0. MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE 'I' NUMBER sy-msgno WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4.Insert global datadeclaration: ********************************************************************** * Implementing a second Scratch TextEdit control ********************************************************************** DATA: scratch TYPE REF TO cl_gui_textedit. ENDIF.

11 * Create reference to the TextEdit control 12 editor TYPE REF TO cl_gui_textedit. .1 REPORT sapmz_hf_controls1 . 21 END OF t_texttable. 2 3 CONSTANTS: 4 line_length TYPE i VALUE 254. 7 8 DATA: 9 * Create reference to the custom container 10 custom_container TYPE REF TO cl_gui_custom_container. 20 line(line_length) TYPE c. 14 15 ********************************************************************** 16 * Utillity table to load texts 17 ********************************************************************** 18 TYPES: 19 BEGIN OF t_texttable. 22 23 DATA: 24 i_texttable TYPE TABLE OF t_texttable. 5 6 DATA: ok_code LIKE sy-ucomm. 13 repid LIKE sy-repid.

64 65 ENDCLASS. 35 36 ********************************************************************** 37 * Implementing a second Scratch TextEdit control 38 ********************************************************************** 39 DATA: 40 scratch TYPE REF TO cl_gui_textedit. 26 g_loaded(1) TYPE c. 53 54 *--------------------------------------------------------------------* 55 * CLASS lcl_event_handler DEFINITION 56 *--------------------------------------------------------------------* 57 * . 49 * Internal table for events that should be registred 50 i_events TYPE cntl_simple_events. 34 index TYPE i. 33 to_idx TYPE i... 51 * Structure for oneline of the table 52 wa_events TYPE cntl_simple_event. * 58 *--------------------------------------------------------------------* 59 CLASS lcl_event_handler DEFINITION.25 wa_texttable TYPE t_texttable.. 27 28 ********************************************************************** 29 * Data for the protection example 30 ********************************************************************** 31 DATA: 32 from_idx TYPE i. 60 PUBLIC SECTION. 66 67 *--------------------------------------------------------------------* 68 * CLASS lcl_event_handler IMPLEMENTATION 69 *--------------------------------------------------------------------* . 42 43 44 ********************************************************************** 45 * Implementing events 46 ********************************************************************** 47 DATA: 48 event_type(20) TYPE c.. 41 custom_container2 TYPE REF TO cl_gui_custom_container... 61 CLASS-METHODS: 62 catch_dblclick FOR EVENT dblclick 63 OF cl_gui_textedit IMPORTING sender..

98 CALL METHOD sender->get_text_as_r3table 99 IMPORTING table = i_texttable. 79 80 81 * Used for the sytem event 82 CALL METHOD cl_gui_cfw=>set_new_ok_code 83 EXPORTING new_code = 'SHOW'. 113 * Reload texts from h einternal table 114 PERFORM load_texts. 93 94 * Texts in the TextEdit control can have been changed. 109 SHIFT wa_texttable RIGHT. 76 from_pos TYPE i. 107 SHIFT wa_texttable... 100 * Read the line of the internal table that was clicked 101 READ TABLE i_texttable INDEX from_line INTO wa_texttable. 115 116 117 ENDIF. 122 123 . 111 ENDIF. 105 106 IF wa_texttable+0(1) CS '*'. 77 to_line TYPE i. 110 wa_texttable+0(1) = '*'..70 * * . 74 DATA: 75 from_line TYPE i.. 102 IF sy-subrc <> 0. 103 EXIT. 84 85 86 * Read the position of the double click 87 CALL METHOD sender->get_selection_pos 88 IMPORTING 89 from_line = from_line 90 from_pos = from_pos 91 to_line = to_line 92 to_pos = to_pos. 118 119 120 ENDMETHOD.. 71 *--------------------------------------------------------------------* 72 CLASS lcl_event_handler IMPLEMENTATION. so 95 * first reload text from the control into the internal 96 * table that contains text 97 IF NOT g_loaded IS INITIAL. 73 METHOD catch_dblclick. 104 ENDIF.. 78 to_pos TYPE i. 108 ELSEIF wa_texttable+0(1) NS '*'. 121 ENDCLASS.. 112 MODIFY i_texttable FROM wa_texttable INDEX from_line.

"Not used for system events 150 ENDCASE. 147 148 WHEN OTHERS. 143 WHEN 'IMP'. 145 WHEN 'PROTECT'.124 125 START-OF-SELECTION. 162 * Create obejct for custom container 163 CREATE OBJECT custom_container 164 EXPORTING 165 container_name = 'MYCONTAINER1' 166 EXCEPTIONS 167 cntl_error = 1 168 cntl_system_error = 2 169 create_error = 3 170 lifetime_error = 4 171 lifetime_dynpro_dynpro_link = 5 172 others = 6 173 . 128 129 SET SCREEN '100'. " USER_COMMAND_0100 INPUT 154 *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* 155 *& Module STATUS_0100 OUTPUT 156 *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* 157 MODULE status_0100 OUTPUT. 161 repid = sy-repid. 137 138 CASE ok_code. 126 CLEAR wa_events. 127 REFRESH: i_events. 141 WHEN 'SHOW'. 144 PERFORM load_texts. 149 * CALL METHOD cl_gui_cfw=>dispatch. 139 WHEN 'EXIT'. 158 * The TextEdit control shoul only be initialized the first time the 159 * PBO module executes 160 IF editor IS INITIAL. 151 152 153 ENDMODULE. 130 131 132 133 *--------------------------------------------------------------------* 134 * MODULE USER_COMMAND_0100 INPUT * 135 *--------------------------------------------------------------------* 136 MODULE user_command_0100 INPUT. 140 LEAVE TO SCREEN 0. 142 event_type = 'System dblclick'. . 146 PERFORM protect.

' TO i_texttable. 197 MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE 'I' NUMBER sy-msgno 198 WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4. "This is a system event 210 211 212 APPEND wa_events TO i_events. 223 APPEND 'hallo world !' TO i_texttable. 226 227 *-----------------------------------------------------228 * The SCRATCH TextEdit control 229 *------------------------------------------------------ . 204 205 * Register the event in the internal table i_events 206 wa_events-eventid = cl_gui_textedit=>event_double_click. 221 APPEND 'with a text. 199 ENDIF. 222 DO 10 TIMES. 224 ENDDO. 178 179 * Create obejct for the TextEditor control 180 CREATE OBJECT editor 181 EXPORTING 182 183 wordwrap_mode = 184 cl_gui_textedit=>wordwrap_at_fixed_position 185 wordwrap_position = line_length 186 wordwrap_to_linebreak_mode = cl_gui_textedit=>true 187 parent = custom_container 188 EXCEPTIONS 189 error_cntl_create = 1 190 error_cntl_init = 2 191 error_cntl_link = 3 192 error_dp_create = 4 193 gui_type_not_supported = 5 194 others = 6 195 . 175 MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE 'I' NUMBER sy-msgno 176 WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4. 200 201 * Link the event handler method to the event and the 202 * TextEdit control 203 SET HANDLER lcl_event_handler=>catch_dblclick FOR editor. 177 ENDIF. 225 ENDIF. 207 208 * wa_events-appl_event = 'X'. 196 IF sy-subrc <> 0. "This is an application event 209 wa_events-appl_event = space. 217 218 * Create internal table with texts taht can be uploaded to 219 * the TextEdit control 220 APPEND 'This a method that fills the TextEdit control' TO i_texttable. 213 * Pass the table to the TextEdit control uding method 214 * set_registred_events 215 CALL METHOD editor->set_registered_events 216 EXPORTING events = i_events.174 IF sy-subrc <> 0.

272 273 * Load TextEdit control with texts 274 CALL METHOD editor->set_text_as_r3table 275 EXPORTING table = i_texttable. 243 IF sy-subrc <> 0. 279 ENDIF. 261 262 263 ENDMODULE. 244 MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE 'I' NUMBER sy-msgno 245 WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4. 255 256 * Remove the staus bar 257 CALL METHOD scratch->set_statusbar_mode 258 EXPORTING statusbar_mode = cl_gui_textedit=>false. 231 * Create obejct for custom container2 232 CREATE OBJECT custom_container2 233 EXPORTING 234 container_name = 'MYCONTAINER2' 235 EXCEPTIONS 236 cntl_error = 1 237 cntl_system_error = 2 238 create_error = 3 239 lifetime_error = 4 240 lifetime_dynpro_dynpro_link = 5 241 others = 6 242 . 246 ENDIF. " STATUS_0100 OUTPUT 264 265 *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* 266 *& Form Load_texts 267 *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* 268 * This form loads the lines of the internal table i_texttable into 269 * the TextEdit control 270 *---------------------------------------------------------------------* 271 FORM load_texts.230 IF scratch IS INITIAL. 277 * Display an error message 278 EXIT. 280 281 * All methods that operates on controls are transferred to the frontend . 247 248 * Create obejct for the SCRATCH TextEditor control 249 CREATE OBJECT scratch 250 EXPORTING 251 parent = custom_container2 252 wordwrap_mode = 253 cl_gui_textedit=>wordwrap_at_windowborder 254 wordwrap_to_linebreak_mode = cl_gui_textedit=>true. 276 IF sy-subrc > 0. 259 260 ENDIF.

296 * Determine the area selected by the user 297 CALL METHOD editor->get_selection_pos 298 IMPORTING 299 from_line = from_idx 300 to_line = to_idx 301 EXCEPTIONS 302 error_cntl_call_method = 1. 315 to_idx = to_idx . . 331 IF sy-subrc > 0. the method FLUSH is used to determine when this is 283 * done. 327 328 329 * Flush again to protect immidately 330 CALL METHOD cl_gui_cfw=>flush. eliminating the 324 * need of line numbers and the last FLUSH 325 326 * call method editor->protect_selection.1. 316 ENDIF. 289 ENDFORM. 303 304 * Synchronize execution in the control with the ABAP program.282 * by a RFC calls. 309 IF sy-subrc > 0. 305 * Without this synchronization the variables from_idx and 306 * to_idx will have obsolutete values (The initial value for 307 * both. 321 322 323 * The PROTECT_SELECTION method could be used instead. 284 CALL METHOD cl_gui_cfw=>flush. 317 CALL METHOD editor->protect_lines 318 EXPORTING 319 from_line = from_idx 320 to_line = to_idx. 310 * Errormessage: Error in flush 311 ENDIF. 286 * Display an error message 287 ENDIF. 312 313 * Protect the lines selected 314 IF to_idx > from_idx. 288 g_loaded = 'X'. 332 * Errormessage: Error in flush 333 ENDIF. 285 IF sy-subrc > 0. " create_texts 290 *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* 291 *& Form protect 292 *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* 293 * Protects marked lines in a TextEdit control 294 *---------------------------------------------------------------------* 295 FORM protect. are 0) 308 CALL METHOD cl_gui_cfw=>flush.

" protect .334 335 336 337 ENDFORM.