Public attributes Public attributes are defined in the PUBLIC section and can be viewed and changed from

outside the class. There is direct access to public attributes. As a general rule, as few public attributes should be defined as possible.
PUBLIC SECTION. DATA: Counter type i.

Private attributes Private attributes are defined in the PRIVATE section. The can only be viewes and changed from within the class. There is no direct access from outside the class.
PRIVATE SECTION. DATA: name(25) TYPE c, planetype LIKE saplane-planetyp,

Instance attributes There exist one instance attribute for each instance of the class, thus they exist seperately for each object. Instance attributes are declared with the DATA keyword. Static attributes Static attributes exist only once for each class. The data are the same for all instances of the class, and can be used e.g. for instance counters. Static attributes are defined with the keyword CLASS-DATA.
PRIVATE SECTION. CLASS-DATA: counter type i,

Public methods Can called from outside the class
PUBLIC SECTION. METHODS: set_attributes IMPORTING p_name(25) TYPE c, p_planetype LIKE saplane-planetyp,

Private methods Can only be called from inside the class. They are placed in the PRIVATE section of the class.

Constructor method Implicitly, each class has an instance constructor method with the reserved name constructor and a static constructor method with the reserved name class_constructor. The instance constructor is executed each time you create an object (instance) with the CREATE OBJECT statement, while the class constructor is executed exactly once before you first access a class. The constructors are always present. However, to implement a constructor you must declare it explicitly with the METHODS or CLASS-METHODS statements. An instance constructor can have IMPORTING parameters and exceptions. You must pass all non-optional parameters when creating an object. Static constructors have no parameters. Static constructor The static constructor is always called CLASS_CONSTRUCTER, and is called autmatically before the clas is first accessed, that is before any of the following actions are executed:
• • • • •

Creating an instance using CREATE_OBJECT Adressing a static attribute using <classname>-><attrbute> Calling a ststic attribute using CALL METHOD Registering a static event handler Registering an evetm handler method for a static event

The static constructor cannot be called explicitly. Protected components When we are talking subclassing and enheritance there is one more component than Public and Private, the Protected component. Protected components can be used by the superclass and all of the subclasses. Note that Subclasses cannot access Private components. Polymorphism Polymorphism: When the same method is implemented differently in different classes. This can be done using enheritance, by redefining a method from the superclass in subclasses and implement it differently.

Template for making a class Delete the parts that should not be used
****************************************** * Definition part ****************************************** CLASS xxx DEFINITION. *-----------------------------* Public section *-----------------------------PUBLIC SECTION. TYPES: DATA: * Static data CLASS-DATA: * Methods METHODS: * Using the constructor to initialize parameters constructor IMPORTING xxx type yyy, * * * Method with parameters mm1 IMPORTING iii TYPE ttt. Method without parameters mm2. Static methods CLASS-METHODS:

*---------------------------------------------------* * Protected section. Also accessable by subclasses *--------------------------------------------------PROTECTED SECTION. *--------------------------------------------------* Private section. Not accessable by subclasses *--------------------------------------------------PRIVATE SECTION. ENDCLASS. ****************************************** * Implementation part ****************************************** CLASS lcl_airplane IMPLEMENTATION. METHOD constructor. ENDMETHOD. METHOD mm1. ENDMETHOD. METHOD mm2. ENDMETHOD. ENDCLASS.

Template for calling a class
* Create reference to class lcl_airplane DATA: airplane1 TYPE REF TO lcl_airplane. START-OF-SELECTION. * Create instance using parameters in the cosntructor method CREATE OBJECT airplane1 exporting im_name = 'Hansemand' im_planetype = 'Boing 747'. * Calling a method with parameters CALL METHOD: airplane1->display_n_o_airplanes, airplane1->display_attributes.

Subclass
CLASS xxx DEFINITION INHERITING FROM yyy.

Using af class as a parameter for a method
The class LCL_AIRPLANE is used as a parameter for method add_a_new_airplane: METHODS:

add_a_new_airplane importing im_airplane TYPE REF to lcl_airplane.

Interfaces
In ABAP interfaces are implemented in addition to, and independently of classes. An interface only has a declaration part, and do not have visibillity sections. Components (Attributes, methods, constants, types) can be defined the same way as in classes. • • • • •

Interfaces are listed in the definition part lof the class, and must always be in the PUBLIC SECTION. Operations defined in the interface atre impemented as methods of the class. All methods of the interface must be present in the implementation part of the class. Attributes, events, constants and types defined in the interface are automatically available to the class carying out the implementation. Interface components are adresse in the class by <interface name>~<component name>

Example of how to implement an interface: INTERFACE lif_document DATA: author type ref to lcl_author. METHODS: print, display.
ENDINTERFACE.

CLASS lcl_text_document DEFINITION.

PUBLIC SECTION. INTERFACES lif_document. METHODS display. ENDCLASS. CLASS lcl_text_document IMPLEMENTTION. METHOD lif_document~print. ENDMETHOD. METHOD lif_document~display ENDMETHOD. METHOD display. ENDMETHOD. ENDCLASS.
REPORT zzz.

DATA: text_doc TYPE REF TO lcl_document. Start-of-selection. CREATE OBJECT text_doc. CALL METHOD text_doc->lif_document~print. CALL METHOD text_doc->lif_document~display. CALL METHOD text_doc->display. Events
For events of controls, refer to How to use controls.

Events can only have EXPORTING parameters When an event is triggerede, only those events handlers that have registred themselves using SET HANDLER by this point of runtime are • executed. You can register an event using ACTIVATION 'X' and derigert it by using ACTIVATION 'SPACE'. Defining events: CLASS <classname> DEFINITION. EVENTS: <event> EXPORTING VALUE (<ex_par>) TYPE type. CLASS <classname> IMPLEMENTATION. METHOD <m>: RAISE EVENT <event> EXPORTING <ex_par> = <act_par>. Handling events: CLASS <classname> DEFINITION. METHODS: <on_event> FOR <event> OF <classname> ! <interface> IMPORTING <imp_par1>...<imp_parN> SENDER. Setting handler SET HANDLER <ref_handle> <on_event> FOR <ref_sender> ! FOR ALL INSTANCES [ACTIVATION <var>]

• •

METHOD constructor. planes:'.Define. implement and use simple class ***INCLUDE ZBC404_HF_LCL_AIRPLANE . * Private static attribute CLASS-DATA n_o_airplanes TYPE i. name. WRITE: / 'No. *-----------------------------* Private section *-----------------------------PRIVATE SECTION. ****************************************** * Implementation part ****************************************** CLASS lcl_airplane IMPLEMENTATION. ENDMETHOD. ENDMETHOD. 'Planetype:'. TYPES: t_name(25) TYPE c. METHOD display_attributes. ENDMETHOD. *-----------------------------* Public section *-----------------------------PUBLIC SECTION. ENDCLASS. WRITE:/ 'Name:'. planetype. METHOD display_n_o_airplanes. planetype = p_planetype. TYPE t_name TYPE saplane-planetype. ****************************************** * Definition part ****************************************** CLASS lcl_airplane DEFINITION. name = p_name. . planetype TYPE saplane-planetype. METHOD set_attributes. * Private attributes DATA: name(25) TYPE c. n_o_airplanes. set_attributes IMPORTING p_name p_planetype display_attributes. display_n_o_airplanes. * Counts number of instances n_o_airplanes = n_o_airplanes + 1. METHODS: constructor.

PUBLIC SECTION... airplane2 TYPE REF TO lcl_airplane. . * Create instance CREATE OBJECT airplane1. name = p2_name.. INCLUDE zbc404_hf_lcl_airplane..ENDMETHOD... METHOD constructor. END-OF-SELECTION. ENDCLASS.. planes: No. CALL METHOD: airplane1->display_n_o_airplanes. planes: Name: Kurt 1 2 Planetype: MD80 Use constructor to create an object with parameters CLASS lcl_airplane DEFINITION.. CREATE OBJECT airplane2. REPORT zbc404_hf_maintain_airplanes . * Using methods CALL METHOD: airplane1->display_n_o_airplanes. * Setting attributes using a method with parameters CALL METHOD airplane1->set_attributes EXPORTING p_name = 'Kurt' p_planetype = 'MD80'... more code . TYPES: t_name(25) TYPE c. The resulting report: Maintain airplanes No. CLASS lcl_airplane IMPLEMENTATION. METHODS: constructor importing p2_name type t_name p2_planetype TYPE saplane-planetype. START-OF-SELECTION. * Create reference to class lcl_airplane DATA: airplane1 TYPE REF TO lcl_airplane. . airplane1->display_attributes.

so it also displays cargomax. more code . CREATE OBJECT airplane1 exporting p2_name = 'Hansemand' p2_planetype = 'Boing 747'. Subclassing This example uses a superclass LCL_AIRPLANE and subclasses it into LCL_PASSENGER_AIRPLANE and LCL_CARGO_PLANE.. All instance attributes are provided by the cunstructor method. TYPES: t_name(25) TYPE c.... Superclass LCL_AIRPLANE ***INCLUDE ZBC404_HF_LCL_AIRPLANE . and redefines the superclass method display_attributes. METHODS: constructor IMPORTING im_name TYPE t_name im_planetype TYPE saplane-planetype. . and redefines the superclass method display_attributes.planetype = p2_planetype. LCL_PASSENGER_AIRPLANE has the private instance attribute n_o_seats.. * Static methods CLASS-METHODS: display_n_o_airplanes. *-----------------------------* Public section *-----------------------------PUBLIC SECTION. display_attributes. ... LCL_AIRPLANE has a method display_n_o_airplanes that displays the number of object instances.. LCL_CARGO_PLANE has the private instance attribute cargomax.. START-OF-SELECTION.. ****************************************** * Definition part ****************************************** CLASS lcl_airplane DEFINITION. so it also displays n_o_seats.

planetype = im_planetype. PUBLIC SECTION. ENDMETHOD.*-----------------------------* Protected section *-----------------------------PROTECTED SECTION. METHOD display_attributes. Sub class LCL_PASSENGER_AIRPLANE ***INCLUDE ZBC404_HF_LCL_PASSENGER_PLANE . WRITE:/ 'Name:'. planes:'. WRITE: / 'No. Redefinition of superclass method display_attributes display_attributes REDEFINITION. name. 'Planetype:'. planetype TYPE saplane-planetype. * Private static attribute CLASS-DATA n_o_airplanes TYPE i. ENDCLASS. n_o_airplanes. ******************************************************************* * This is a subclass of class lcl_airplane ******************************************************************* CLASS lcl_passenger_airplane DEFINITION INHERITING FROM lcl_airplane. planetype. name = im_name. METHOD display_n_o_airplanes. ****************************************** * Implementation part ****************************************** CLASS lcl_airplane IMPLEMENTATION. * Counts number of instances n_o_airplanes = n_o_airplanes + 1. ENDMETHOD. DATA: n_o_seats TYPE sflight-seatsmax. PRIVATE SECTION. * . * Private attributes DATA: name(25) TYPE c. * * The constructor contains the parameters from the superclass plus the parameters from the subclass METHODS: constructor IMPORTING im_name TYPE t_name im_planetype TYPE saplane-planetype im_n_o_seats TYPE sflight-seatsmax. METHOD constructor. ENDCLASS. ENDMETHOD.

METHOD display_attributes. seats:'. * The redefined display_attributes method CALL METHOD super->display_attributes. CALL METHOD super->display_attributes. * The constructor method of the superclass MUST be called withing the * construtor CALL METHOD super->constructor EXPORTING im_name = im_name im_planetype = im_planetype.ENDCLASS. PUBLIC SECTION. . ENDMETHOD. * ENDCLASS. ENDMETHOD. PRIVATE SECTION. METHODS: * The constructor contains the parameters from the superclass * plus the parameters from the subclass constructor IMPORTING im_name TYPE t_name im_planetype TYPE saplane-planetype im_cargomax type scplane-cargomax. ENDMETHOD. cargomax. ENDCLASS. * The constructor method of the superclass MUST be called withing the * constructor CALL METHOD super->constructor EXPORTING im_name = im_name im_planetype = im_planetype. n_o_seats = im_n_o_seats. * Redefinition of superclass method display_attributes display_attributes REDEFINITION. WRITE: / 'No. Sub class LCL_CARGO_PLANE ***INCLUDE ZBC404_HF_LCL_CARGO_PLANE . n_o_seats. METHOD constructor. METHOD constructor. CLASS lcl_cargo_plane IMPLEMENTATION. ******************************************************************* * This is a subclass of class lcl_airplane ******************************************************************* CLASS lcl_cargo_plane DEFINITION INHERITING FROM lcl_airplane. ENDMETHOD. The redefined display_attributes method METHOD display_attributes. WRITE: / 'Cargo max:'. cargomax = im_cargomax. DATA:cargomax TYPE scplane-cargomax. ENDCLASS. CLASS lcl_passenger_airplane IMPLEMENTATION.

The Main program that uses the classes REPORT zbc404_hf_main . o_cargo_plane TYPE REF TO lcl_cargo_plane. * Display attributes CALL METHOD o_passenger_airplane->display_attributes. * Super class INCLUDE zbc404_hf_lcl_airplane. INCLUDE zbc404_hf_lcl_cargo_plane. differs from the syntax when calling a subclass method. * Create objects CREATE OBJECT o_passenger_airplane EXPORTING im_name = 'LH505' im_planetype = 'Boing 747' im_n_o_seats = 350. * Sub classes INCLUDE zbc404_hf_lcl_passenger_plane. planes: 2 Polymorphism . * When calling a superclass => must be used instead of -> CALL METHOD lcl_airplane=>display_n_o_airplanes. * Display initial number of instances = 0 CALL METHOD lcl_airplane=>display_n_o_airplanes. CREATE OBJECT o_cargo_plane EXPORTING im_name = 'AR13' im_planetype = 'DC 3' im_cargomax = 35. Note: It is not necesssary to make typeref to the superclass o_passenger_airplane TYPE REF TO lcl_passenger_airplane. * Call static method display_n_o_airplanes * Note: The syntax for calling a superclass method. seats: 350 Name: AR13 Planetype: DC 3 Cargo max: 35. DATA: * Type ref to sub classes. Result: No.0000 No. planes: 0 Name: LH505 Planetype: Boing 747 No. CALL METHOD o_cargo_plane->display_attributes. START-OF-SELECTION.

re_fuel = re_fuel + plane->estimate_fuel_consumption( distance ). plane_list TYPE TABLE OF REF TO lcl_airplane. DATA: plane TYPE REF TO lcl_airplane.Polymorphism: When the same method is implemented differently in different classes. lcl_passnger_airplane and lcl_cargo plane (Se Subcallsing) exists. adds them to a list in lcl_carrier. APPEND cargo_plane to plane_list. Working example: This example assumes that the classes lcl_airplane. passenger_plane TYPE REF to lcl_passenger_airplane. * Creating the list of references CREATE OBJECT cargo_plane. depends on which object plane points to. that is. What coding for the estimate_fuel_consumption method taht is actually executed. * Generic method for calucalting required fuel METHOD calculate required_fuel. and displays the list. by redefining a method from the superclass in subclasses and implement it differently. ENDLOOP. *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Include ZBC404_HF_LCL_CARRIER * . Create objects of type lcl_cargo_plane and lcl_passenger_airplane. as it depends on the airplane type. LOOP AT plane_list INTO plane. and the processed identically for all the classes. ENDMETHOD. This can be done using enheritance. Object from different classes are stored in an internal table (plane_list) consisting of references to the superclass. DATA: cargo_plane TYPE REF to lcl_cargo_airplane. depends on the dynamic type of the plane reference variable. Classes: • • • lcl_airplane Superclass lcl_cargo_airplane Subclass lcl_passenger_airplane Subclass The method estimate_fuel_consumption is implemented differently in the 3 classes. CREATE OBJECT passenger_plane APPEND passenger_plane to plane list.

METHOD create_a_new_flight. END OF flight_list_type. airplane TYPE REF TO lcl_airplane. ENDMETHOD. DATA: wa_list_of_flights TYPE flight_list_type. METHOD constructor. wa_list_of_flights-fldate = im_fldate. PUBLIC SECTION. display_airplanes. ELSE. wa_list_of_flights-airplane = im_airplane. ENDCLASS. DATA: name TYPE string. add_a_new_airplane IMPORTING im_airplane TYPE REF TO lcl_airplane. cargo(5) TYPE p DECIMALS 3. wa_list_of_flights-cargo = im_cargo. seatsocc TYPE sflight-seatsocc. IF im_seatsocc IS INITIAL.*& * *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* * CLASS lcl_carrier DEFINITION * *---------------------------------------------------------------------* CLASS lcl_carrier DEFINITION. list_of_airplanes TYPE TABLE OF REF TO lcl_airplane. create_a_new_flight importing im_connid type sflight-connid im_fldate type sflight-fldate im_airplane type ref to lcl_airplane im_seatsocc type sflight-seatsocc optional im_cargo type p optional. wa_list_of_flights-seatsocc = im_seatsocc. METHOD get_name. fldate TYPE sflight-fldate. wa_list_of_flights-connid = im_connid. . PRIVATE SECTION. get_name RETURNING value(ex_name) TYPE string. name = im_name. APPEND wa_list_of_flights TO list_of_flights. ENDMETHOD. connid TYPE sflight-connid. TYPES: BEGIN OF flight_list_type. ENDIF. ex_name = name. *---------------------------------------------------------------------* * CLASS lcl_carrier IMPLEMENTATION *---------------------------------------------------------------------* CLASS lcl_carrier IMPLEMENTATION. list_of_flights TYPE TABLE OF flight_list_type. METHODS: constructor IMPORTING im_name TYPE string. ENDMETHOD.

CREATE OBJECT o_cargo_plane EXPORTING im_name = 'AR13' im_planetype = 'DC 3' im_cargomax = 35. * Create objects CREATE OBJECT o_passenger_airplane EXPORTING im_name = 'LH505' im_planetype = 'Boing 747' im_n_o_seats = 350. ENDLOOP. o_cargo_plane2 TYPE REF TO lcl_cargo_plane.METHOD add_a_new_airplane. DATA: * Type ref to classes o_passenger_airplane TYPE REF TO lcl_passenger_airplane. START-OF-SELECTION. ******************************************************************* * This reprort uses class LCL_AIRPLNAE and subclasses * LCL_CARGO_PLANE and LCL_PASSENGER_AIRPLANE and class LCL_CARRIER ******************************************************************* * Super class for airplanes INCLUDE zbc404_hf_lcl_airplane. * Carrier class INCLUDE zbc404_hf_lcl_carrier. . o_cargo_plane TYPE REF TO lcl_cargo_plane. ENDCLASS. LOOP AT list_of_airplanes INTO l_airplane. CREATE OBJECT o_passenger_airplane2 EXPORTING im_name = 'SK333' im_planetype = 'MD80' im_n_o_seats = 110. DATA: l_airplane TYPE REF TO lcl_airplane. ENDMETHOD. REPORT zbc404_hf_main . o_passenger_airplane2 TYPE REF TO lcl_passenger_airplane. * Sub classes for airplanes INCLUDE zbc404_hf_lcl_passenger_plane. METHOD display_airplanes. APPEND im_airplane TO list_of_airplanes. ENDMETHOD. CREATE OBJECT o_cargo_plane2 EXPORTING im_name = 'AFL124' im_planetype = 'Iljutsin 2' im_cargomax = 35000. CREATE OBJECT o_carrier EXPORTING im_name = 'Spritisch Airways'. CALL METHOD l_airplane->display_attributes. o_carrier TYPE REF TO lcl_carrier. INCLUDE zbc404_hf_lcl_cargo_plane.

CALL METHOD o_carrier->add_a_new_airplane EXPORTING im_airplane = o_cargo_plane.0000 Events Below is a simple example of how to implement an event. set_time_since_last_meal IMPORTING im_time TYPE i. im_name. * Display list of airplanes call method o_carrier->display_airplanes. WRITE: / 'I am a dog and my name is'. IF im_time < 4. METHOD constructor. on_dog_is_hungry FOR EVENT dog_is_hungry OF lcl_dog IMPORTING ex_time_since_last_meal. seats: 350 Name: SK333 Planetype: MD80 No.0000 Name: AFL124 Planetype: Iljutsin 2 Cargo max: 35.* Add passenger and cargo planes to the list of airplanes CALL METHOD o_carrier->add_a_new_airplane EXPORTING im_airplane = o_passenger_airplane. * Declare events EVENTS: dog_is_hungry EXPORTING value(ex_time_since_last_meal) TYPE i. CALL METHOD o_carrier->add_a_new_airplane EXPORTING im_airplane = o_cargo_plane2. METHOD set_time_since_last_meal. ENDCLASS. PUBLIC SECTION. ENDMETHOD. Result: Name: LH505 Planetype: Boing 747 No. *---------------------------------------------------------------------* * CLASS lcl_dog DEFINITION *---------------------------------------------------------------------* CLASS lcl_dog DEFINITION. seats: 110 Name: AR13 Planetype: DC 3 Cargo max: 35. . *---------------------------------------------------------------------* * CLASS lcl_dog IMPLEMENTATION *---------------------------------------------------------------------* CLASS lcl_dog IMPLEMENTATION. CALL METHOD o_carrier->add_a_new_airplane EXPORTING im_airplane = o_passenger_airplane2. METHODS: constructor IMPORTING im_name TYPE string.000. REPORT zbc404_hf_events_5.

* Raise event RAISE EVENT dog_is_hungry EXPORTING ex_time_since_last_meal = im_time. ENDCLASS. ' hours'. START-OF-SELECTION. CALL METHOD o_dog1->set_time_since_last_meal EXPORTING im_time = 2. I have not eaten for more than 5 hours Give me something to eat NOW! 1. ENDMETHOD. * This method call will raise the event dog_is_hungy * because time > 3 CALL METHOD o_dog1->set_time_since_last_meal EXPORTING im_time = 5. *---------------------------------------------------------------------* * R E P O R T *---------------------------------------------------------------------* DATA: o_dog1 TYPE REF TO lcl_dog. Simple class This example shows how to create a simple employee class. WRITE: / 'You son of a bitch. I am not hungry yet'. * Event method. A display_employee method can be called to show the attributes of the employee. WRITE: / 'Give me something to eat NOW!'. ELSE. CREATE OBJECT o_dog1 EXPORTING im_name = 'Beefeater'. I have not eaten for more than'. ENDMETHOD. ENDIF. ex_time_since_last_meal. and CLASS-METHOD dosplay_no_of_employees can be called to . The constructor method is used to initialize number and name of thje employee when the object is created. METHOD on_dog_is_hungry. Result: I am a dog and my name is Beefeater You fool. * Subsrcribe for event: * set handler <Event handler method> * FOR <ref_sender>!FOR ALL INSTANCES [ACTIVATION <var>] SET HANDLER on_dog_is_hungry FOR ALL INSTANCES ACTIVATION 'X'.SKIP 1. I am not hungry yet You son of a bitch. WRITE: / 'You fool. called when the event dog_is_hungry is raised SKIP 1.

g_employee-name. PRIVATE SECTION. * Class methods are global for all instances CLASS-METHODS: display_no_of_employees. METHOD display_no_of_employees.Implementation CLASS lcl_employee IMPLEMENTATION.LCL Employee . *-------------------------------------------------------------------* The private section is only accesible from within the classs *-------------------------------------------------------------------DATA: g_employee TYPE t_employee. *********************************************************************** * * R E P O R T . WRITE:/ 'Employee'. ********************************************************************* * L C L _ E M P L O Y E E ********************************************************************* *---. METHODS: constructor IMPORTING im_employee_no TYPE i im_employee_name TYPE string. ENDCLASS.show the total number of employees (Number of instances of the employee class). PUBLIC SECTION. g_no_of_employees = g_no_of_employees + 1. *-------------------------------------------------------------------* The protecetd section is accesible from the class and its subclasses *-------------------------------------------------------------------* Class data are global for all instances CLASS-DATA: g_no_of_employees TYPE i. g_employee-no = im_employee_no. *--. ENDCLASS. name TYPE string. ENDMETHOD. ENDMETHOD. END OF t_employee. g_employee-no.LCL Employee . *-------------------------------------------------------------------* The public section is accesible from outside *-------------------------------------------------------------------TYPES: BEGIN OF t_employee. no TYPE i. WRITE: / 'Number of employees is:'. PROTECTED SECTION. g_employee-name = im_employee_name.Definition CLASS lcl_employee DEFINITION. METHOD constructor. display_employee. ENDMETHOD. g_no_of_employees. REPORT zbc404_hf_events_1. METHOD display_employee.

the superclass method add_employee is redeifined in the subclasses. Principles: Create super class LCL_CompanyEmployees. but as the wages are calculated differently for blue collar employees and white collar emplyees. CALL METHOD g_employee2->display_no_of_employees. The wages are calcukated in the method add_employee.Adds a new employee to the list of employees Display_Employee_List . . The constructor is used to initialize the attributes of the employee. Create subclasses lcl_bluecollar_employee and lcl_whitecollar_employee. where the caclculation of wage is different. Inheritance and polymorphism This example uses a superclass lcl_company_employees and two subclasses lcl_bluecollar_employee and lcl_whitecollar_employee to add employees to a list and then display a list of employees and there wages. except for the redifinition of the add_employee method. The class has the methods: • • • • Constructor Add_Employee .Displays all employees and there wage Display_no_of_employees . g_employee2 TYPE REF TO lcl_employee.********************************************************************* DATA: g_employee1 TYPE REF TO lcl_employee. The calsses are identical.Displays total number of employees Note the use of CLASS-DATA to keep the list of employees and number of employees the same from instance to instance. CREATE OBJECT g_employee2 EXPORTING im_employee_no = 2 im_employee_name = 'Sally Summer'. CREATE OBJECT g_employee1 EXPORTING im_employee_no = 1 im_employee_name = 'John Jones'. Note that the constructor in the supclasss has to be called from within the constructor of the subclass. CALL METHOD g_employee2->display_employee. 2. Methodes: • Constructor. START-OF-SELECTION. CALL METHOD g_employee1->display_employee.

In the redefined class the wage is calcuated. ENDCLASS. PUBLIC SECTION. . *-. WRITE: / l_employee-no.• Add_Employee. ENDLOOP. ENDMETHOD. WRITE: / 'List of Employees'. METHOD display_employee_list. l_employee-wage.CLASS LCL_CompanyEmployees IMPLEMENTATION CLASS lcl_company_employees IMPLEMENTATION.: The program REPORT zbc404_hf_events_2 . and the superclass method is called to add the employees to the emploee list. no_of_employees TYPE i. METHOD constructor. * Displays all employees and there wage DATA: l_employee TYPE t_employee. no TYPE i. l_employee-no = im_no. display_no_of_employees. ENDMETHOD. CLASS-DATA: i_employee_list TYPE TABLE OF t_employee. PRIVATE SECTION. LOOP AT i_employee_list INTO l_employee. display_employee_list. APPEND l_employee TO i_employee_list. no_of_employees = no_of_employees + 1. METHODS: constructor. name TYPE string. add_employee IMPORTING im_no TYPE i im_name TYPE string im_wage TYPE i. ENDMETHOD. * Adds a new employee to the list of employees DATA: l_employee TYPE t_employee. wage TYPE i. END OF t_employee. ******************************************************* * Super class LCL_CompanyEmployees ******************************************************* CLASS lcl_company_employees DEFINITION. TYPES: BEGIN OF t_employee. l_employee-name. METHOD add_employee. l_employee-name = im_name. METHOD display_no_of_employees. This is a redinition of the same method in the superclass. l_employee-wage = im_wage.

METHOD constructor. name = im_name. METHOD add_employee. PUBLIC SECTION. PUBLIC SECTION. ENDMETHOD. add_employee REDEFINITION. hourly_payment TYPE i. no = im_no. METHODS: constructor IMPORTING im_no TYPE i .* Displays total number of employees SKIP 3. * Calculate wage an call the superclass method add_employee to add * the employee to the employee list DATA: l_wage TYPE i. ENDCLASS.CLASS LCL_BlueCollar_Employee IMPLEMENTATION CLASS lcl_bluecollar_employee IMPLEMENTATION. l_wage = hours * hourly_payment. * The superclass constructor method must be called from the subclass * constructor method CALL METHOD super->constructor. ENDCLASS. METHODS: constructor IMPORTING im_no TYPE i im_name TYPE string im_hours TYPE i im_hourly_payment TYPE i. ENDMETHOD. ******************************************************* * Sub class LCL_BlueCollar_Employee ******************************************************* CLASS lcl_bluecollar_employee DEFINITION INHERITING FROM lcl_company_employees. no_of_employees. name TYPE string. hours = im_hours. WRITE: / 'Total number of employees:'. PRIVATE SECTION. hourly_payment = im_hourly_payment. ENDCLASS. DATA:no TYPE i. hours TYPE i. CALL METHOD super->add_employee EXPORTING im_no = no im_name = name im_wage = l_wage. *---. ******************************************************* * Sub class LCL_WhiteCollar_Employee ******************************************************* CLASS lcl_whitecollar_employee DEFINITION INHERITING FROM lcl_company_employees. ENDMETHOD.

*---. ENDMETHOD.im_name TYPE string im_monthly_salary TYPE i im_monthly_deductions TYPE i.monthly_deductions.CLASS LCL_WhiteCollar_Employee IMPLEMENTATION CLASS lcl_whitecollar_employee IMPLEMENTATION. add_employee REDEFINITION. * Create bluecollar employee obeject CREATE OBJECT o_bluecollar_employee1 EXPORTING im_no = 1 im_name = 'Gylle Karen' im_hours = 38 im_hourly_payment = 75. monthly_salary TYPE i. monthly_deductions = im_monthly_deductions. monthly_deductions TYPE i. ******************************************************* * R E P O R T ******************************************************* DATA: * Object references o_bluecollar_employee1 TYPE REF TO lcl_bluecollar_employee. * Calculate wage an call the superclass method add_employee to add * the employee to the employee list DATA: l_wage TYPE i. START-OF-SELECTION. ENDCLASS. name TYPE string. PRIVATE SECTION. METHOD add_employee. DATA: no TYPE i. monthly_salary = im_monthly_salary. * Create whitecollar employee obeject CREATE OBJECT o_whitecollar_employee1 EXPORTING im_no = 2 im_name = 'John Dickens' im_monthly_salary = 10000 . o_whitecollar_employee1 TYPE REF TO lcl_whitecollar_employee. name = im_name. METHOD constructor. ENDCLASS. * Add bluecollar employee to employee list CALL METHOD o_bluecollar_employee1->add_employee EXPORTING im_no = 1 im_name = 'Gylle Karen' im_wage = 0. CALL METHOD super->add_employee EXPORTING im_no = no im_name = name im_wage = l_wage. ENDMETHOD. * The superclass constructor method must be called from the subclass * constructor method CALL METHOD super->constructor. no = im_no. l_wage = monthly_salary .

*---------------------------------------------------------------------* * INTERFACE lif_employee *---------------------------------------------------------------------* INTERFACE lif_employee. . Note that the interface is only implemented in the superclass ( The INTERFACE stament).500 Total number of employees: 2 3. METHODS: add_employee IMPORTING im_no TYPE i im_name TYPE string im_wage TYPE i.im_monthly_deductions = 2500.850 2 John Dickens 7. ******************************************************* * Super class LCL_CompanyEmployees ******************************************************* CLASS lcl_company_employees DEFINITION. The resulting report List of Employees 1 Karen Johnson 2. however an interface is implemented with the method add_employee. because the methods are defined * as static (CLASS-METHODS) CALL METHOD o_whitecollar_employee1->display_employee_list. but also used in the subclasses. The output from example 3 is similiar to the output in example 2. Interfaces This example is similiar to th eprevious example. The interface in the example only contains a method. REPORT zbc404_hf_events_3 . * Display employee list and number of employees. * Add bluecollar employee to employee list CALL METHOD o_whitecollar_employee1->add_employee EXPORTING im_no = 1 im_name = 'Karen Johnson' im_wage = 0. constants. but an iterface can also contain attrbutes. types and alias names. ENDINTERFACE. Note that the result * will be the same when called from o_whitecollar_employee1 or * o_bluecolarcollar_employee1. All changes in the program compared to example 2 are marked with red. CALL METHOD o_whitecollar_employee1->display_no_of_employees.

*-. * Displays all employees and there wage DATA: l_employee TYPE t_employee. LOOP AT i_employee_list INTO l_employee. ENDLOOP. PUBLIC SECTION. no_of_employees = no_of_employees + 1.CLASS LCL_CompanyEmployees IMPLEMENTATION CLASS lcl_company_employees IMPLEMENTATION. CLASS-DATA: i_employee_list TYPE TABLE OF t_employee. METHOD constructor. WRITE: / l_employee-no. * Displays total number of employees SKIP 3. ENDCLASS. display_no_of_employees. ENDMETHOD. ENDMETHOD. l_employee-wage. APPEND l_employee TO i_employee_list. l_employee-name = im_name. * Adds a new employee to the list of employees DATA: l_employee TYPE t_employee. INTERFACES lif_employee. METHOD display_employee_list. no TYPE i. * add_employee "Removed IMPORTING im_no TYPE i im_name TYPE string im_wage TYPE i. l_employee-no = im_no. wage TYPE i. PRIVATE SECTION. WRITE: / 'Total number of employees:'. ENDMETHOD. METHOD lif_employee~add_employee. TYPES: BEGIN OF t_employee. l_employee-name. WRITE: / 'List of Employees'. METHOD display_no_of_employees. ENDCLASS. END OF t_employee. METHODS: constructor.PUBLIC SECTION. ******************************************************* * Sub class LCL_BlueCollar_Employee ******************************************************* CLASS lcl_bluecollar_employee DEFINITION INHERITING FROM lcl_company_employees. no_of_employees. ENDMETHOD. l_employee-wage = im_wage. no_of_employees TYPE i. display_employee_list. METHODS: constructor . name TYPE string.

. PUBLIC SECTION. PRIVATE SECTION. ENDCLASS. l_wage = hours * hourly_payment. no = im_no.IMPORTING im_no TYPE i im_name TYPE string im_hours TYPE i im_hourly_payment TYPE i. CALL METHOD super->lif_employee~add_employee EXPORTING im_no = no im_name = name im_wage = l_wage. ENDCLASS. *---. name TYPE string. lif_employee~add_employee REDEFINITION. monthly_deductions TYPE i. * The superclass constructor method must be called from the subclass * constructor method CALL METHOD super->constructor. monthly_salary TYPE i. name = im_name. METHOD constructor. METHOD lif_employee~add_employee. *---. * Calculate wage an call the superclass method add_employee to add * the employee to the employee list DATA: l_wage TYPE i. hourly_payment TYPE i. hours TYPE i. ENDCLASS. ENDMETHOD. hours = im_hours. METHODS: constructor IMPORTING im_no TYPE i im_name TYPE string im_monthly_salary TYPE i im_monthly_deductions TYPE i. PRIVATE SECTION. ******************************************************* * Sub class LCL_WhiteCollar_Employee ******************************************************* CLASS lcl_whitecollar_employee DEFINITION INHERITING FROM lcl_company_employees. lif_employee~add_employee REDEFINITION.CLASS LCL_WhiteCollar_Employee IMPLEMENTATION CLASS lcl_whitecollar_employee IMPLEMENTATION. . DATA: no TYPE i. DATA:no TYPE i.CLASS LCL_BlueCollar_Employee IMPLEMENTATION CLASS lcl_bluecollar_employee IMPLEMENTATION. METHOD constructor. hourly_payment = im_hourly_payment. ENDMETHOD. name TYPE string.

monthly_deductions = im_monthly_deductions. monthly_salary = im_monthly_salary. CALL METHOD o_whitecollar_employee1->display_no_of_employees. l_wage = monthly_salary . . * Display employee list and number of employees. * Create bluecollar employee obeject CREATE OBJECT o_bluecollar_employee1 EXPORTING im_no = 1 im_name = 'Gylle Karen' im_hours = 38 im_hourly_payment = 75. * Add bluecollar employee to employee list CALL METHOD o_bluecollar_employee1->lif_employee~add_employee EXPORTING im_no = 1 im_name = 'Karen Johnson' im_wage = 0. Note that the result * will be the same when called from o_whitecollar_employee1 or * o_bluecolarcollar_employee1.* * The superclass constructor method must be called from the subclass constructor method CALL METHOD super->constructor. METHOD lif_employee~add_employee. because the methods are defined * as static (CLASS-METHODS) CALL METHOD o_whitecollar_employee1->display_employee_list. * Calculate wage an call the superclass method add_employee to add * the employee to the employee list DATA: l_wage TYPE i. name = im_name. CALL METHOD super->lif_employee~add_employee EXPORTING im_no = no im_name = name im_wage = l_wage. * Add bluecollar employee to employee list CALL METHOD o_whitecollar_employee1->lif_employee~add_employee EXPORTING im_no = 1 im_name = 'Gylle Karen' im_wage = 0. o_whitecollar_employee1 TYPE REF TO lcl_whitecollar_employee. START-OF-SELECTION.monthly_deductions. no = im_no. * Create whitecollar employee obeject CREATE OBJECT o_whitecollar_employee1 EXPORTING im_no = 2 im_name = 'John Dickens' im_monthly_salary = 10000 im_monthly_deductions = 2500. ENDMETHOD. ENDCLASS. ENDMETHOD. ******************************************************* * R E P O R T ******************************************************* DATA: * Object references o_bluecollar_employee1 TYPE REF TO lcl_bluecollar_employee.

METHODS: constructor. ENDINTERFACE. no TYPE i. wage TYPE i. METHODS: add_employee IMPORTING im_no TYPE i im_name TYPE string im_wage TYPE i. Note that declaration could also be placed in the * interface EVENTS: employee_added_to_list EXPORTING value(ex_employee_name) TYPE string. Events This is the same example as example 4. only to the superclass and the report. All changes are marked with red. PRIVATE SECTION. ENDCLASS.4. TYPES: BEGIN OF t_employee. CLASS-DATA: i_employee_list TYPE TABLE OF t_employee. * Declare event.CLASS LCL_CompanyEmployees IMPLEMENTATION CLASS lcl_company_employees IMPLEMENTATION. * Declare event method on_employee_added_to_list FOR EVENT employee_added_to_list OF lcl_company_employees IMPORTING ex_employee_name sender. . sp the code for th esubclasses is not shown. no_of_employees TYPE i. display_employee_list. * CLASS-EVENTS: Events can also be defined as class-events INTERFACES lif_employee. name TYPE string. *---------------------------------------------------------------------* * INTERFACE lif_employee *---------------------------------------------------------------------* INTERFACE lif_employee. METHOD constructor. PUBLIC SECTION. display_no_of_employees. There have been no canges to the subclasses. END OF t_employee. REPORT zbc404_hf_events_4 . For a simple example refer to Events in Examples. *-. ******************************************************* * Super class LCL_CompanyEmployees ******************************************************* CLASS lcl_company_employees DEFINITION.

l_employee-wage = im_wage. ENDMETHOD. METHOD display_employee_list. LOOP AT i_employee_list INTO l_employee. See code in example 3. ENDMETHOD. ENDMETHOD... ENDLOOP.no_of_employees = no_of_employees + 1. * Displays total number of employees SKIP 3. CLASS lcl_whitecollar_employee IMPLEMENTATION.. METHOD lif_employee~add_employee. ENDCLASS. ENDCLASS. ENDCLASS. ENDMETHOD. ENDMETHOD. ex_employee_name. APPEND l_employee TO i_employee_list. * Adds a new employee to the list of employees DATA: l_employee TYPE t_employee. WRITE: / 'Total number of employees:'. l_employee-name. ******************************************************* * Sub class LCL_WhiteCollar_Employee ******************************************************* CLASS lcl_whitecollar_employee DEFINITION See code in example 3. METHOD display_no_of_employees. ******************************************************* * R E P O R T ******************************************************* DATA: * Object references .. no_of_employees. l_employee-wage. CLASS lcl_bluecollar_employee IMPLEMENTATION.. ENDCLASS... * Displays all employees and there wage DATA: l_employee TYPE t_employee. * Raise event employee_added_to_list RAISE EVENT employee_added_to_list EXPORTING ex_employee_name = l_employee-name.. l_employee-no = im_no. * Event method WRITE: / 'Employee added to list'. ******************************************************* * Sub class LCL_BlueCollar_Employee ******************************************************* CLASS lcl_bluecollar_employee DEFINITION INHERITING FROM lcl_company_employees. WRITE: / l_employee-no. ENDCLASS. See code in example 3. l_employee-name = im_name. See code in example 3. WRITE: / 'List of Employees'. METHOD on_employee_added_to_list.

* Register event for o_whitecollar_employee1 SET HANDLER o_whitecollar_employee1->on_employee_added_to_list FOR o_whitecollar_employee1.´ * Add bluecollar employee to employee list CALL METHOD o_whitecollar_employee1->lif_employee~add_employee EXPORTING im_no = 1 im_name = 'Gylle Karen' im_wage = 0. Note that the result * will be the same when called from o_whitecollar_employee1 or * o_bluecolarcollar_employee1.500 Total number of employees: 2 . Result: Employee added to list Karen Johnson Employee added to list John Dickens List of Employees 1 Karen Johnson 2.850 2 John Dickens 7. * Register event for o_bluecollar_employee1 SET HANDLER o_bluecollar_employee1->on_employee_added_to_list FOR o_bluecollar_employee1.o_bluecollar_employee1 TYPE REF TO lcl_bluecollar_employee. because the methods are defined * as static (CLASS-METHODS) CALL METHOD o_whitecollar_employee1->display_employee_list. o_whitecollar_employee1 TYPE REF TO lcl_whitecollar_employee. * Display employee list and number of employees. * Create bluecollar employee obeject CREATE OBJECT o_bluecollar_employee1 EXPORTING im_no = 1 im_name = 'Karen Johnson' im_hours = 38 im_hourly_payment = 75. * Create whitecollar employee obeject CREATE OBJECT o_whitecollar_employee1 EXPORTING im_no = 2 im_name = 'John Dickens' im_monthly_salary = 10000 im_monthly_deductions = 2500. * Add bluecollar employee to employee list CALL METHOD o_bluecollar_employee1->lif_employee~add_employee EXPORTING im_no = 1 im_name = 'Gylle Karen' im_wage = 0. START-OF-SELECTION. CALL METHOD o_whitecollar_employee1->display_no_of_employees.

However you should not rely entirely on automatic synchronization. Synchronization/Flush RFC calls is used to synchronize the front and backend.General Control Framework and enheritance hierarchy The control framework consists of 2 parts: • • CL_GUI_CFW contains methods that provide services for communication with the frontend. CL_GUI_OBJECT -> CL_GUI_CONTROL -> CL_GUI_* (Wrapper class) These classes contains methods that are enherited by subsequent classes in the enheritance tree. In the events table the event must be registred as an application event by setting then field appl_event to 'X': . and can be used both by control wrapper calsses and by control progtrammers The CL_GUI_OBJECT encapsulates ActiveX or JavaBeans methods. while CL_GUI_CONTROL is responsible for displaying the control on the screen. so you should keep the not use the Flush method to a minimum. Syntax: CALL METHOD cl_gui_cfw=>FLUSH Set up event handling for controls There are two types of events: Application events. but force synchronization with the Flush method when necessary. T The flow logic of the screen is processed after the event (The PAI module is processed). Bear in mind that the synchronization/RFC calls represenmts a bottleneck. This synchronization takes palce at some predifined points in the program flow.

* Workspace for table gi_events g_event TYPE cntl_simple_event. * 3. System events. METHODS: * Syntax: . wa_events-appl_event = 'X'. In the events table the the field appl_event must be set to SAPCE: wa_events-eventid = cl_gui_textedit=>event_double_click. For system events the flow-logic of the screen is not executed. * Note that a TYPE REF to cls_event_handler must be created before you can * reference types cntl_simple_events and cntl_simple_event gi_events TYPE cntl_simple_events. Example It is presumed that a SAP toolbar control named go_toolbar of class cl_gui_toolbar has been defined. The dispatch method of cl_gui_cfw must NOT be called. Data: * 1. PUBLIC SECTION. To see a complete example of how to handle events. Define and instance of the eventhandler class. Define and implement eventhandler class CLASS cls_event_handler DEFINITION. wa_events-appl_event = space. append wa_events to i_events. That means that the PAI and PBO modules are not processed. * If the event handler class is defined after the data decalaration * the class must be declared as DEFERRED in the top of the program: CLASS cls_event_handler DEFINITION DEFERRED. refer to The SAP toolbar control. Important: The dispatch method of cl_gui_cfw must be called in the PAI module: CALL METHOD cl_gui_cfw=>dispatch. go_event_handler TYPE REF TO cls_event_handler.wa_events-eventid = cl_gui_textedit=>event_double_click. append wa_events to i_events. * 2. Define table for registration of events.

g_event-appl_event = 'X'.. * 5. * 6. ENDCLASS. Note that The event below is registred as an application event g_event-eventid = go_toolbar->m_id_function_selected..... ENDCLASS.. * 4.see the control documentation> * OF <class of object> <importing parameters l . "This is an application event APPEND g_event TO gi_events. Declare a reference variable before the class has been defined Scenario: DATA: o_my_class TYPE REF TO lcl_myclass. * Syntax: * SET HANDLER <event handler class> -> <Event handler method> * FOR <control> SET HANDLER go_event_handler->on_function_selected FOR go_toolbar.. . METHOD on_function_selected.see the control documentation> on_function_selected FOR EVENT function_selected OF cl_gui_toolbar IMPORTING fcode. CLASS lcl_myclass. ENDCLASS. .* <method name> FOR EVENT <event of control .. CLASS cls_event_handler IMPLEMENTATION. Create event handler CREATE OBJECT go_event_handler. append more events i necessary.. * Do something when the event is raised ENDMETHOD. Append events to the events table * The Event Id can be found in the control documentation. Use the events table to register events for the control CALL METHOD go_toolbar->set_registered_events EXPORTING events = gi_events.

To Use BADI . . getCircumference Returning Value(circumference) Type F.vsnl. Endinterface.com/ojnc * For Rajat's OO ans BAdI Education Report Z_CTRY.geocities.. Methods: getArea Returning Value(area) Type F. Set focus to a control Set the focus to a control named go_grid: CALL METHOD cl_gui_control=>set_focus EXPORTING control = go_grid.. DATA: o_my_class TYPE REF TO lcl_myclass. CLASS lcl_myclass. * A Circle Class that behaves like a Shape Class CCircle Definition..net. Solution: Define the class in the beginning of the program with DEFINITION DEFERRED: CLASS lcl_myclass DEFINITION DEFERRED.Business Add In you need to Understand ABAP OO Interface Concept Content Author: Jayanta Narayan Choudhuri Author Email: sss@cal. * A Shape Interface "Like a shape" "Behaves like a Shape" Adverb/Adjective Interface IShape. ENDCLASS. Public Section.in Author Website: http://www.This will cause an error because the definition of class lcl_myclass is after the declaration..

Data radius Type F. Constructor Importing pRadius Type F. getCircumference For IShape~getCircumference. . EndMethod. Data side Type F. getCircumference For IShape~getCircumference. * A Square Class Class CSquare Definition. Public Section. setRadius Importing pRadius Type F. Constants PI Type F Value '3. Method IShape~getCircumference. EndClass. EndMethod. pRadius = radius. EndMethod. radius = pRadius. EndMethod. Aliases: getArea For IShape~getArea. Method Constructor. Class CCircle Implementation. Aliases: getArea For IShape~getArea. Compute circumference = PI * radius * radius. Compute area = 2 * PI * radius. EndClass.Interfaces IShape. Method getRadius. radius = pRadius. getRadius Returning Value(pRadius) Type F. Method Constructor. Methods: Private Section. EndClass. Interfaces IShape. Constructor Importing pSide Type F. Methods: Private Section. Method IShape~getArea. Class CSquare Implementation. Method setRadius.141592365359'. EndMethod.

EndMethod. * A Rectangle Class Class CRectangle Definition. EndMethod. Interfaces IShape. Methods: Private Section. Constructor Importing pHeight Type F pLength Type F. EndMethod. Compute area = height * length. * START of PROGRAM * Array of Shapes Data: OneShape Type Ref To IShape. length = pLength. Shape Behaviour ShapeTable Type Table Of Ref To IShape. length Type F. Aliases: getArea For IShape~getArea. Method IShape~getArea. EndMethod. EndClass. EndClass. Compute area = side * side. Method IShape~getArea. Class CRectangle Implementation. getCircumference For IShape~getCircumference. EndMethod. Data: height Type F. Method IShape~getCircumference. Compute circumference = 2 * ( height + length ). Method Constructor. EndClass. height = pHeight. Method IShape~getCircumference. Public Section.side = pSide. Compute circumference = 4 * side. EndMethod. with Shape Behaviour * Concrete Objects with IShape Behaviour! " One Object with " Array of Objects .

0.0'. Write: / 'Area 0. Call Method OneShape->getArea Receiving area = myArea.3'. Call Method descr_ref->get_relative_name Receiving P_RELATIVE_NAME = ClassName. Create Object R2 Exporting pHeight = '1. Call Method OneShape->getCircumference Receiving circumference = myCircumference. Write: /.5'. * Append in any order! Append S1 to ShapeTable. Append S2 to ShapeTable. Serial = 0. Create Object C2 Exporting pRadius = '5. Append R1 to ShapeTable. Append C2 to ShapeTable. Loop At ShapeTable into OneShape. Append R2 to ShapeTable.5'. Create Object C1 Exporting pRadius = '2. CSquare.0'. Create Object R1 Exporting pHeight = '2.7' pLength = '6. Create Object S1 Exporting pSide = '3. EndLoop. CRectangle. Write: / Serial.4'. myCircumference Type F. myCircumference Decimals 4 Exponent ClassName.Data: C1 S1 R1 C2 S2 R2 Type Type Type Type Type Type Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref To To To To To To CCircle. descr_ref = CL_ABAP_TYPEDESCR=>Describe_By_Object_Ref( OneShape ). Data: myArea Type F. CSquare. '. Type I. CCircle.8' pLength = '3. Data: descr_ref ClassName Serial TYPE ref to CL_ABAP_TYPEDESCR. myArea Decimals 4 Exponent . Write: / 'Circumference '. CRectangle. Add 1 to Serial. Create Object S2 Exporting pSide = '6. START-OF-SELECTION. Append C1 to ShapeTable. Type String.

. The code REPORT sapmz_hf_controls1 . Steps 1.5398 15. To be able to exit the program.2500 14. add a pushbutton with the function code EXIT.0000 10. CONSTANTS: line_length TYPE i VALUE 254. 5. 3.7100 16.6350 36. DATA: ok_code LIKE sy-ucomm. Create a report In the start of selection event add: SET SCREEN '100'. Create screen 100 Place a custom control on the screen by choosing the custom control icon which can be recognized by the letter 'C'.** * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Results 1 CSQUARE Area Circumference 2 CRECTANGLE Area Circumference 3 CRECTANGLE Area Circumference 4 CCIRCLE Area Circumference 5 CCIRCLE Area Circumference 6 CSQUARE Area Circumference 12. In the elements list enter the name OK_CODE for the element of type OK. 2.5200 12.4159 78. DATA: * Create reference to the custom container custom_container TYPE REF TO cl_gui_custom_container.0000 24. 4.0000 Example 1: Creating the TextEdit control This is a simple example of how to implement a text edit control. 6.4000 31.7080 19.0000 9. and give it the name MYCONTAINER1.

LEAVE TO SCREEN 0. WHEN 'EXIT'. IF sy-subrc <> 0. CASE ok_code. .* Create reference to the TextEdit control editor TYPE REF TO cl_gui_textedit. ENDMODULE. repid LIKE sy-repid. * Create obejct for the TextEditor control CREATE OBJECT editor EXPORTING wordwrap_mode = cl_gui_textedit=>wordwrap_at_fixed_position wordwrap_position = line_length wordwrap_to_linebreak_mode = cl_gui_textedit=>true parent = custom_container EXCEPTIONS error_cntl_create = 1 error_cntl_init = 2 error_cntl_link = 3 error_dp_create = 4 gui_type_not_supported = 5 others = 6 . IF sy-subrc <> 0. ENDCASE. * Create obejct for custom container CREATE OBJECT custom_container EXPORTING container_name = 'MYCONTAINER1' EXCEPTIONS cntl_error = 1 cntl_system_error = 2 create_error = 3 lifetime_error = 4 lifetime_dynpro_dynpro_link = 5 others = 6 . MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE 'I' NUMBER sy-msgno WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4. START-OF-SELECTION. repid = sy-repid. SET SCREEN '100'. * The TextEdit control shoul only be initialized the first time the * PBO module executes IF editor IS INITIAL. ENDIF. *---------------------------------------------------------------------* * MODULE USER_COMMAND_0100 INPUT * *---------------------------------------------------------------------* MODULE user_command_0100 INPUT. " USER_COMMAND_0100 INPUT *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Module STATUS_0100 OUTPUT *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* MODULE status_0100 OUTPUT.

The method CL_GUI_CFW=>DISPATCH must be called to initiate event handling In this example an application event is added to the program in example 1. These events are triggerede irrespective of the screen flow-logic. " STATUS_0100 OUTPUT The result Example 2: Event handling .Application event There are 2 types of events: • • System events. ENDMODULE. Application events. New code is marked with red. . ENDIF.MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE 'I' NUMBER sy-msgno WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4. The PAI module is processed after an event. ENDIF.

PUBLIC SECTION. METHOD catch_dblclick. DATA: ok_code LIKE sy-ucomm. *---------------------------------------------------------------------* * MODULE USER_COMMAND_0100 INPUT * *---------------------------------------------------------------------* MODULE user_command_0100 INPUT. ENDMETHOD. LEAVE TO SCREEN 0. Create an input/output field on screen 100. CASE ok_code. repid LIKE sy-repid. * Internal table for events that should be registred i_events TYPE cntl_simple_events. START-OF-SELECTION. * Structure for oneline of the table wa_events TYPE cntl_simple_event. * Create reference to the TextEdit control editor TYPE REF TO cl_gui_textedit. WHEN 'EXIT'. Name it EVENT_TYPE The code: REPORT sapmz_hf_controls1 . event_type = 'Event DBLCLICK raised'. WHEN OTHERS. CLASS lcl_event_handler IMPLEMENTATION. refresh i_events. where the event type can be output. ENDCLASS. ********************************************************************** * Impmenting events ********************************************************************** DATA: event_type(20) TYPE c. . *---------------------------------------------------------------------* * CLASS lcl_event_handler DEFINITION *---------------------------------------------------------------------* CLASS lcl_event_handler DEFINITION. CONSTANTS: line_length TYPE i VALUE 254. CLASS-METHODS: catch_dblclick FOR EVENT dblclick OF cl_gui_textedit IMPORTING sender. SET SCREEN '100'. CLEAR wa_events. ENDCLASS.Steps: 1. DATA: * Create reference to the custom container custom_container TYPE REF TO cl_gui_custom_container.

* Create obejct for the TextEditor control CREATE OBJECT editor EXPORTING wordwrap_mode = cl_gui_textedit=>wordwrap_at_fixed_position wordwrap_position = line_length wordwrap_to_linebreak_mode = cl_gui_textedit=>true parent = custom_container EXCEPTIONS error_cntl_create = 1 error_cntl_init = 2 error_cntl_link = 3 error_dp_create = 4 gui_type_not_supported = 5 others = 6 . IF sy-subrc <> 0. * Create obejct for custom container CREATE OBJECT custom_container EXPORTING container_name = 'MYCONTAINER1' EXCEPTIONS cntl_error = 1 cntl_system_error = 2 create_error = 3 lifetime_error = 4 lifetime_dynpro_dynpro_link = 5 others = 6 . wa_events-appl_event = 'X'. * Register the event in the internal table i_events wa_events-eventid = cl_gui_textedit=>event_double_click. * Link the event handler method to the event and the * TextEdit control SET HANDLER lcl_event_handler=>catch_dblclick FOR editor. MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE 'I' NUMBER sy-msgno WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4.* Call the Dispacth method to initiate application event handling call method cl_gui_cfw=>Dispatch. ENDCASE. IF sy-subrc <> 0. * The TextEdit control shoul only be initialized the first time the * PBO module executes IF editor IS INITIAL. MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE 'I' NUMBER sy-msgno WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4. "This is an application event . " USER_COMMAND_0100 INPUT *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Module STATUS_0100 OUTPUT *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* MODULE status_0100 OUTPUT. ENDIF. ENDIF. ENDMODULE. repid = sy-repid.

... MODULE user_command_0100 INPUT.append wa_events to i_events...... METHOD catch_dblclick. "This is a system event ENDIF. " USER_COMMAND_0100 INPUT MODULE status_0100 OUTPUT.System event System events are passed irrespective of the flow-logic of the screen.. * Reacting to the system event call method cl_gui_cfw=>set_new_ok_code exporting new_code = 'SHOW'.. *--.event_type = 'Event DBLCLICK raised'. Pass the table to the TextEdit control using method set_registred_events call method editor->set_registered_events exporting events = i_events. ENDMODULE. the input/ouput field should show the text: Event DBLCLICK Example 3: Event handling . WHEN OTHERS. since the flowlogic of the screen an dthe fielde transport is ignore...... code. ENDMODULE. Code .. CASE ok_code. event_type = 'System dblclick'. ... " STATUS_0100 OUTPUT * * Result: When you double click on the TextEdit control. "This is an application event wa_events-appl_event = space.. WHEN 'SHOW'. ENDMODULE.... *---call method cl_gui_cfw=>Dispatch.. " STATUS_0100 OUTPUT Result: When you double clicks on the TextEdit control nothing happens. To implement a system event change the code from example 2 as follows: Code: CLASS lcl_event_handler IMPLEMENTATION. ENDCASE. ENDIF. *--wa_events-appl_event = 'X'.

* Create internal table with texts APPEND 'This a method that fills the TextEdit control' TO i_texttable. Define a form CREATE_TEXTS that carries out the text import. line(line_length) TYPE c. APPEND 'hallo world !' TO i_texttable.. Give itname PUSHBUTTON_IMPORT and function code IMP. * Display an error message . DO 10 TIMES.. ENDDO. Code: MODULE user_command_0100 INPUT. DATA i_texttable TYPE TABLE OF t_texttable.' TO i_texttable. TYPES: BEGIN OF t_texttable..Example 4: Calling methods of the control In this exercise a function that loads the texts of an internal table into the text window. Steps: Define anoterh pushbutton on the screen.. that activates the method that fills the TextEdit control. CASE ok_code. ENDCASE. " USER_COMMAND_0100 INPUT *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form load_texts *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* * This form creates an internal table with texts. * Load TextEdit control with texts CALL METHOD editor->set_text_as_r3table EXPORTING table = i_texttable. is implemented.. WHEN 'IMP'. code. Only changes to the code in example 2 is show. The the contents of * the table is instered into the TextEdit control using method * set_text_as_r3table *---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM load_texts. perform load_texts. IF sy-subrc > 0.. END OF t_texttable... APPEND 'with a text. ENDMODULE.

DATA: ok_code LIKE sy-ucomm. DATA: i_texttable TYPE TABLE OF t_texttable. " create_texts Example 5: Responding to an event When you double click on a text line in the TextEdit control. repid LIKE sy-repid. ********************************************************************** * Utillity table to load texts ********************************************************************** TYPES: BEGIN OF t_texttable. CALL METHOD cl_gui_cfw=>flush. . and a global flag g_loaded added. DATA: * Create reference to the custom container custom_container TYPE REF TO cl_gui_custom_container. is retreived using method GET_SELECTION_POS. g_loaded(1) TYPE c. IF sy-subrc > 0. The internal text table is reloaded froim the TextEdit control with method GET_TEXT_AS_R3TABLE. The position of the double click in the TextEdit control is used to find the entry in the table. * Display an error message ENDIF. CONSTANTS: line_length TYPE i VALUE 254. The load of the table should be moved to the PBO module. * Create reference to the TextEdit control editor TYPE REF TO cl_gui_textedit.EXIT. END OF t_texttable. you want it to be prefixed with a '*'. ENDIF. The changes in thje code are marked with red. the method FLUSH is used to determine when this is done. line(line_length) TYPE c. ENDFORM. The whole program now looks like this: Code REPORT sapmz_hf_controls1 . The program should be changed so that the internal table i_texttable is global. * All methods that operates on controls are transferred to the frontend * by a RFC calls. and the entry is prefixed with '*' and loaded into the TextEdit control again. The line number of the TextEdit control that is double clicked.

EXIT. * Internal table for events that should be registred i_events TYPE cntl_simple_events. IF sy-subrc <> 0. PUBLIC SECTION. . IF wa_texttable+0(1) CS '*'. * Structure for oneline of the table wa_events TYPE cntl_simple_event. * Read the position of the double click CALL METHOD sender->get_selection_pos IMPORTING from_line = from_line from_pos = from_pos to_line = to_line to_pos = to_pos. * Used for the sytem event call method cl_gui_cfw=>set_new_ok_code exporting new_code = 'SHOW'. * Read the line of the internal table that was clicked READ TABLE i_texttable INDEX from_line INTO wa_texttable. to_line TYPE i. * Reload texts from h einternal table perform load_texts. ELSEIF wa_texttable+0(1) NS '*'. SHIFT wa_texttable. CALL METHOD sender->get_text_as_r3table IMPORTING table = i_texttable. METHOD catch_dblclick. to_pos TYPE i. wa_texttable+0(1) = '*'. CLASS-METHODS: catch_dblclick FOR EVENT dblclick OF cl_gui_textedit IMPORTING sender. SHIFT wa_texttable RIGHT. ENDIF. CLASS lcl_event_handler IMPLEMENTATION. ENDIF. DATA: from_line TYPE i. * Texts in the TextEdit control can have been changed. so * first reload text from the control into the internal * table that contains text IF NOT g_loaded IS INITIAL. *---------------------------------------------------------------------* * CLASS lcl_event_handler DEFINITION *---------------------------------------------------------------------* CLASS lcl_event_handler DEFINITION. wa_texttable TYPE t_texttable. modify i_texttable from wa_texttable index from_line. ENDIF. from_pos TYPE i.********************************************************************** * Impmenting events ********************************************************************** DATA: event_type(20) TYPE c. ENDCLASS.

repid = sy-repid. REFRESH: i_events. WHEN OTHERS. MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE 'I' NUMBER sy-msgno WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4. WHEN 'IMP'. IF sy-subrc <> 0. WHEN 'EXIT'. "Not used for system events ENDCASE. * Create object for custom container CREATE OBJECT custom_container EXPORTING container_name = 'MYCONTAINER1' EXCEPTIONS cntl_error = 1 cntl_system_error = 2 create_error = 3 lifetime_error = 4 lifetime_dynpro_dynpro_link = 5 others = 6 . " USER_COMMAND_0100 INPUT *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Module STATUS_0100 OUTPUT *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* MODULE status_0100 OUTPUT. CASE ok_code. * The TextEdit control shoul only be initialized the first time the * PBO module executes IF editor IS INITIAL. PERFORM Load_texts. SET SCREEN '100'. LEAVE TO SCREEN 0. ENDIF. event_type = 'System dblclick'. *---------------------------------------------------------------------* * MODULE USER_COMMAND_0100 INPUT * *---------------------------------------------------------------------* MODULE user_command_0100 INPUT. START-OF-SELECTION. ENDMODULE. ENDCLASS. CLEAR wa_events.ENDMETHOD. * Create obejct for the TextEditor control CREATE OBJECT editor EXPORTING wordwrap_mode = cl_gui_textedit=>wordwrap_at_fixed_position wordwrap_position = line_length wordwrap_to_linebreak_mode = cl_gui_textedit=>true parent = custom_container EXCEPTIONS . * CALL METHOD cl_gui_cfw=>dispatch. WHEN 'SHOW'.

* Display an error message EXIT. * Register the event in the internal table i_events wa_events-eventid = cl_gui_textedit=>event_double_click. ENDIF. DO 10 TIMES. APPEND 'hallo world !' TO i_texttable. * wa_events-appl_event = 'X'. * Create internal table with texts taht can be uploaded to * the TextEdit control APPEND 'This a method that fills the TextEdit control' TO i_texttable.error_cntl_create = 1 error_cntl_init = 2 error_cntl_link = 3 error_dp_create = 4 gui_type_not_supported = 5 others = 6 . CALL METHOD cl_gui_cfw=>flush. ENDIF. the method FLUSH is used to determine when this is * done. IF sy-subrc > 0. "This is a system event APPEND wa_events TO i_events. * Load TextEdit control with texts CALL METHOD editor->set_text_as_r3table EXPORTING table = i_texttable. * Pass the table to the TextEdit control uding method * set_registred_events CALL METHOD editor->set_registered_events EXPORTING events = i_events. " STATUS_0100 OUTPUT *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form Load_texts *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* * This form loads the lines of the internal table i_texttable into * the TextEdit control *---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM Load_texts. ENDDO. * All methods that operates on controls are transferred to the frontend * by a RFC calls. IF sy-subrc <> 0. "This is an application event wa_events-appl_event = space. ENDMODULE. * Link the event handler method to the event and the * TextEdit control SET HANDLER lcl_event_handler=>catch_dblclick FOR editor. MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE 'I' NUMBER sy-msgno WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4. ENDIF. APPEND 'with a text.' TO i_texttable. * Display an error message . IF sy-subrc > 0.

This method does not need line numbers or a FLUSH statement Steps • Add a new pushbutton to the screen with the function code PROTECT.... to_idx TYPE i. Note: Instead of using method PROTECT_LINES..... code..... ENDCASE.... *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* *& Form protect *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* . This is very important when working e.. g_loaded = 'X'. WHEN 'PROTECT'. ENDFORM....ENDIF. ... index TYPE i.. The FLUSH method is used to synchronize control execution and the frontend... " create_texts Example 6: Protect a line in the TextEdit control and the importance of FLUSH All methods that operates on controls are transfered to the fronend by RFC calls. PERFORM protect..... .... The example below portects selected lines in the TextEdit and uses FLUSH to ensure that the correct parameters are returned from method GET_SELECTION_POS..g. with export parameters from a method... the method PROTECT_SELECTION could be used.. as the parmeters will not be correct before the FLUSH method has been called... CASE ok_code..... MODULE user_command_0100 INPUT..... Code Add the following code to the example: * Global variables DATA: from_idx TYPE i.

The new TextEdit control will be designed to act as a clipboard for short texts. IF sy-subrc > 0. IF sy-subrc > 0. * Determine the area selected by the user CALL METHOD editor->get_selection_pos IMPORTING from_line = from_idx to_line = to_idx EXCEPTIONS error_cntl_call_method = 1.1. CALL METHOD editor->protect_lines EXPORTING from_line = from_idx to_line = to_idx. * Protect the selected lines IF to_idx > from_idx.* Protects marked lines in a TextEdit control *---------------------------------------------------------------------* FORM protect. * Errormessage: Error in flush ENDIF. * Errormessage: Error in flush ENDIF. ENDFORM. * Synchronize execution in the control with the ABAP program. * Flush again to protect immidiately CALL METHOD cl_gui_cfw=>flush. to_idx = to_idx . Code: . are 0) CALL METHOD cl_gui_cfw=>flush. * The PROTECT_SELECTION method could be used instead. ENDIF. " protect Example 7: Using multiple controls In this example a second TextEdit control will be added to the screen. eliminating the * need of line numbers and the last FLUSH * call method editor->protect_selection. * Without this synchronization the variables from_idx and * to_idx will have obsolutete values (The initial value for * both. Steps: • Add a new container to the screen and name it MYCONTAINER2.

ENDIF. * Create obejct for the SCRATCH TextEditor control CREATE OBJECT scratch EXPORTING parent = custom_container2 wordwrap_mode = cl_gui_textedit=>wordwrap_at_windowborder wordwrap_to_linebreak_mode = cl_gui_textedit=>true. ENDIF. MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE 'I' NUMBER sy-msgno WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4. Insert the following code in the PBO module: *-----------------------------------------------------* The SCRATCH TextEdit control *-----------------------------------------------------IF scratch IS INITIAL. * Create obejct for custom container2 CREATE OBJECT custom_container2 EXPORTING container_name = 'MYCONTAINER2' EXCEPTIONS cntl_error = 1 cntl_system_error = 2 create_error = 3 lifetime_error = 4 lifetime_dynpro_dynpro_link = 5 others = 6 . Result: .Insert global datadeclaration: ********************************************************************** * Implementing a second Scratch TextEdit control ********************************************************************** DATA: scratch TYPE REF TO cl_gui_textedit. IF sy-subrc <> 0. * Remove the staus bar CALL METHOD scratch->set_statusbar_mode EXPORTING statusbar_mode = cl_gui_textedit=>false. custom_container2 TYPE REF TO cl_gui_custom_container.

1 REPORT sapmz_hf_controls1 . 5 6 DATA: ok_code LIKE sy-ucomm. 20 line(line_length) TYPE c. 13 repid LIKE sy-repid. 22 23 DATA: 24 i_texttable TYPE TABLE OF t_texttable. . 2 3 CONSTANTS: 4 line_length TYPE i VALUE 254. 11 * Create reference to the TextEdit control 12 editor TYPE REF TO cl_gui_textedit. 7 8 DATA: 9 * Create reference to the custom container 10 custom_container TYPE REF TO cl_gui_custom_container. 21 END OF t_texttable. 14 15 ********************************************************************** 16 * Utillity table to load texts 17 ********************************************************************** 18 TYPES: 19 BEGIN OF t_texttable.

51 * Structure for oneline of the table 52 wa_events TYPE cntl_simple_event. 66 67 *--------------------------------------------------------------------* 68 * CLASS lcl_event_handler IMPLEMENTATION 69 *--------------------------------------------------------------------* . 35 36 ********************************************************************** 37 * Implementing a second Scratch TextEdit control 38 ********************************************************************** 39 DATA: 40 scratch TYPE REF TO cl_gui_textedit. * 58 *--------------------------------------------------------------------* 59 CLASS lcl_event_handler DEFINITION. 33 to_idx TYPE i. 49 * Internal table for events that should be registred 50 i_events TYPE cntl_simple_events.. 27 28 ********************************************************************** 29 * Data for the protection example 30 ********************************************************************** 31 DATA: 32 from_idx TYPE i.. 64 65 ENDCLASS. 53 54 *--------------------------------------------------------------------* 55 * CLASS lcl_event_handler DEFINITION 56 *--------------------------------------------------------------------* 57 * ..25 wa_texttable TYPE t_texttable... 42 43 44 ********************************************************************** 45 * Implementing events 46 ********************************************************************** 47 DATA: 48 event_type(20) TYPE c. 26 g_loaded(1) TYPE c. 34 index TYPE i. 61 CLASS-METHODS: 62 catch_dblclick FOR EVENT dblclick 63 OF cl_gui_textedit IMPORTING sender.. 60 PUBLIC SECTION. 41 custom_container2 TYPE REF TO cl_gui_custom_container..

. 74 DATA: 75 from_line TYPE i. 98 CALL METHOD sender->get_text_as_r3table 99 IMPORTING table = i_texttable. 102 IF sy-subrc <> 0.. 84 85 86 * Read the position of the double click 87 CALL METHOD sender->get_selection_pos 88 IMPORTING 89 from_line = from_line 90 from_pos = from_pos 91 to_line = to_line 92 to_pos = to_pos. 103 EXIT.. 77 to_line TYPE i. 78 to_pos TYPE i.. 118 119 120 ENDMETHOD.. 71 *--------------------------------------------------------------------* 72 CLASS lcl_event_handler IMPLEMENTATION. 112 MODIFY i_texttable FROM wa_texttable INDEX from_line. 79 80 81 * Used for the sytem event 82 CALL METHOD cl_gui_cfw=>set_new_ok_code 83 EXPORTING new_code = 'SHOW'. 108 ELSEIF wa_texttable+0(1) NS '*'. 76 from_pos TYPE i. 122 123 . 111 ENDIF. 100 * Read the line of the internal table that was clicked 101 READ TABLE i_texttable INDEX from_line INTO wa_texttable. 113 * Reload texts from h einternal table 114 PERFORM load_texts. 121 ENDCLASS.. 115 116 117 ENDIF.. 105 106 IF wa_texttable+0(1) CS '*'. 110 wa_texttable+0(1) = '*'. 73 METHOD catch_dblclick. so 95 * first reload text from the control into the internal 96 * table that contains text 97 IF NOT g_loaded IS INITIAL. 104 ENDIF. 107 SHIFT wa_texttable.70 * * . 109 SHIFT wa_texttable RIGHT. 93 94 * Texts in the TextEdit control can have been changed.

137 138 CASE ok_code. 126 CLEAR wa_events. 128 129 SET SCREEN '100'. "Not used for system events 150 ENDCASE. 149 * CALL METHOD cl_gui_cfw=>dispatch. 162 * Create obejct for custom container 163 CREATE OBJECT custom_container 164 EXPORTING 165 container_name = 'MYCONTAINER1' 166 EXCEPTIONS 167 cntl_error = 1 168 cntl_system_error = 2 169 create_error = 3 170 lifetime_error = 4 171 lifetime_dynpro_dynpro_link = 5 172 others = 6 173 . 130 131 132 133 *--------------------------------------------------------------------* 134 * MODULE USER_COMMAND_0100 INPUT * 135 *--------------------------------------------------------------------* 136 MODULE user_command_0100 INPUT. 158 * The TextEdit control shoul only be initialized the first time the 159 * PBO module executes 160 IF editor IS INITIAL. " USER_COMMAND_0100 INPUT 154 *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* 155 *& Module STATUS_0100 OUTPUT 156 *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* 157 MODULE status_0100 OUTPUT. 143 WHEN 'IMP'. 145 WHEN 'PROTECT'. 151 152 153 ENDMODULE. 147 148 WHEN OTHERS. 139 WHEN 'EXIT'.124 125 START-OF-SELECTION. 127 REFRESH: i_events. 141 WHEN 'SHOW'. 142 event_type = 'System dblclick'. 146 PERFORM protect. 144 PERFORM load_texts. 161 repid = sy-repid. . 140 LEAVE TO SCREEN 0.

177 ENDIF. 207 208 * wa_events-appl_event = 'X'. 197 MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE 'I' NUMBER sy-msgno 198 WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4. 223 APPEND 'hallo world !' TO i_texttable. 224 ENDDO. 178 179 * Create obejct for the TextEditor control 180 CREATE OBJECT editor 181 EXPORTING 182 183 wordwrap_mode = 184 cl_gui_textedit=>wordwrap_at_fixed_position 185 wordwrap_position = line_length 186 wordwrap_to_linebreak_mode = cl_gui_textedit=>true 187 parent = custom_container 188 EXCEPTIONS 189 error_cntl_create = 1 190 error_cntl_init = 2 191 error_cntl_link = 3 192 error_dp_create = 4 193 gui_type_not_supported = 5 194 others = 6 195 . 204 205 * Register the event in the internal table i_events 206 wa_events-eventid = cl_gui_textedit=>event_double_click. "This is an application event 209 wa_events-appl_event = space.' TO i_texttable. 222 DO 10 TIMES. 217 218 * Create internal table with texts taht can be uploaded to 219 * the TextEdit control 220 APPEND 'This a method that fills the TextEdit control' TO i_texttable. 225 ENDIF. 200 201 * Link the event handler method to the event and the 202 * TextEdit control 203 SET HANDLER lcl_event_handler=>catch_dblclick FOR editor. "This is a system event 210 211 212 APPEND wa_events TO i_events.174 IF sy-subrc <> 0. 175 MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE 'I' NUMBER sy-msgno 176 WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4. 226 227 *-----------------------------------------------------228 * The SCRATCH TextEdit control 229 *------------------------------------------------------ . 221 APPEND 'with a text. 196 IF sy-subrc <> 0. 199 ENDIF. 213 * Pass the table to the TextEdit control uding method 214 * set_registred_events 215 CALL METHOD editor->set_registered_events 216 EXPORTING events = i_events.

243 IF sy-subrc <> 0. 277 * Display an error message 278 EXIT. 280 281 * All methods that operates on controls are transferred to the frontend . 261 262 263 ENDMODULE. 272 273 * Load TextEdit control with texts 274 CALL METHOD editor->set_text_as_r3table 275 EXPORTING table = i_texttable. 255 256 * Remove the staus bar 257 CALL METHOD scratch->set_statusbar_mode 258 EXPORTING statusbar_mode = cl_gui_textedit=>false. 244 MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE 'I' NUMBER sy-msgno 245 WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4. 231 * Create obejct for custom container2 232 CREATE OBJECT custom_container2 233 EXPORTING 234 container_name = 'MYCONTAINER2' 235 EXCEPTIONS 236 cntl_error = 1 237 cntl_system_error = 2 238 create_error = 3 239 lifetime_error = 4 240 lifetime_dynpro_dynpro_link = 5 241 others = 6 242 . 279 ENDIF. 259 260 ENDIF. 276 IF sy-subrc > 0. 247 248 * Create obejct for the SCRATCH TextEditor control 249 CREATE OBJECT scratch 250 EXPORTING 251 parent = custom_container2 252 wordwrap_mode = 253 cl_gui_textedit=>wordwrap_at_windowborder 254 wordwrap_to_linebreak_mode = cl_gui_textedit=>true. " STATUS_0100 OUTPUT 264 265 *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* 266 *& Form Load_texts 267 *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* 268 * This form loads the lines of the internal table i_texttable into 269 * the TextEdit control 270 *---------------------------------------------------------------------* 271 FORM load_texts. 246 ENDIF.230 IF scratch IS INITIAL.

309 IF sy-subrc > 0. 317 CALL METHOD editor->protect_lines 318 EXPORTING 319 from_line = from_idx 320 to_line = to_idx. 286 * Display an error message 287 ENDIF. the method FLUSH is used to determine when this is 283 * done.282 * by a RFC calls. 321 322 323 * The PROTECT_SELECTION method could be used instead. 315 to_idx = to_idx .1. " create_texts 290 *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* 291 *& Form protect 292 *&--------------------------------------------------------------------* 293 * Protects marked lines in a TextEdit control 294 *---------------------------------------------------------------------* 295 FORM protect. 303 304 * Synchronize execution in the control with the ABAP program. are 0) 308 CALL METHOD cl_gui_cfw=>flush. 327 328 329 * Flush again to protect immidately 330 CALL METHOD cl_gui_cfw=>flush. 288 g_loaded = 'X'. 296 * Determine the area selected by the user 297 CALL METHOD editor->get_selection_pos 298 IMPORTING 299 from_line = from_idx 300 to_line = to_idx 301 EXCEPTIONS 302 error_cntl_call_method = 1. 331 IF sy-subrc > 0. 289 ENDFORM. eliminating the 324 * need of line numbers and the last FLUSH 325 326 * call method editor->protect_selection. 285 IF sy-subrc > 0. 316 ENDIF. 310 * Errormessage: Error in flush 311 ENDIF. 332 * Errormessage: Error in flush 333 ENDIF. 305 * Without this synchronization the variables from_idx and 306 * to_idx will have obsolutete values (The initial value for 307 * both. . 284 CALL METHOD cl_gui_cfw=>flush. 312 313 * Protect the lines selected 314 IF to_idx > from_idx.

334 335 336 337 ENDFORM. " protect .

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