1he Lawphll Þro[ecL Ŵ Arellano Law loundaLlon

8ules 1Ŵ71
1997 8uLLS Cl ClvlL Þ8CCLuu8Lţ AS AMLnuLu


1997 kULLS CI CIVIL ÞkCCLDUkLţ AS AMLNDLD
(kULLS 1Ŵ71ţ kULLS CI CCUk1)
LIILC1IVL IUL¥ 1ţ 1997
let kesolotloo of tbe 5opteme coott lo 8ot Mottet NoŦ 80J AJopteJ lo 8oqolo clty oo Aptll 8ţ 1997
kULLS CI CCUk1
ÞursuanL Lo Lhe provlslons of secLlon 3 (3) of ArLlcle vlll of Lhe ConsLlLuLlonţ Lhe Supreme CourL hereby adopLs and promulgaLes Lhe
followlng rules concernlng Lhe proLecLlon and enforcemenL of consLlLuLlonal rlghLsţ pleadlngţ pracLlce and procedure ln all courLsţ
Lhe admlsslon Lo Lhe pracLlce of lawţ Lhe lnLegraLed 8arţ and legal asslsLance Lo Lhe underprlvllegedť

kULL 1
Genera| Þrov|s|ons
Sect|on 1Ŧ 1ltle of tbe kolesŦ Ÿ 1hese 8ule shall be known and clLed as Lhe 8ules of CourLŦ (1)
Sect|on 2Ŧ lo wbot cootts oppllcobleŦ Ÿ 1hese 8ules shall apply ln all Lhe courLsţ excepL as oLherwlse provlded by Lhe Supreme CourLŦ
(n)
Sect|on 3Ŧ coses qovetoeJŦ Ÿ 1hese 8ules shall govern Lhe procedure Lo be observed ln acLlonsţ clvll or crlmlnal and speclal
proceedlngsŦ
(a) A clvll acLlon ls one by whlch a parLy sues anoLher for Lhe enforcemenL or proLecLlon of a rlghLţ or Lhe prevenLlon or
redress of a wrongţ (1aţ 82)
A clvll acLlon may elLher be ordlnary or speclalŦ 8oLh are governed by Lhe rules for ordlnary clvll acLlonsţ sub[ecL Lo Lhe
speclflc rules prescrlbed for a speclal clvll acLlonŦ (n)
(b) A crlmlnal acLlon ls one by whlch Lhe SLaLe prosecuLes a person for an acL or omlsslon punlshable by lawŦ (n)
(c) A speclal proceedlng ls a remedy by whlch a parLy seeks Lo esLabllsh a sLaLusţ a rlghLţ or a parLlcular facLŦ (2aţ 82)
Sect|on 4Ŧ lo wbot cose oot oppllcobleŦ Ÿ 1hese 8ules shall noL apply Lo elecLlon casesţ land reglsLraLlonţ cadasLralţ naLurallzaLlon
and lnsolvency proceedlngsţ and oLher cases noL hereln provlded forţ excepL by analogy or ln a suppleLory characLer and whenever
pracLlcable and convenlenLŦ (8143a)
Sect|on SŦ commeocemeot of octlooŦ Ÿ A clvll acLlon ls commenced by Lhe flllng of Lhe orlglnal complalnL ln courLŦ lf an addlLlonal
defendanL ls lmpleaded ln a laLer pleadlngţ Lhe acLlon ls commenced wlLh regard Lo hlm on Lhe daLed of Lhe flllng of such laLer
pleadlngţ lrrespecLlve of wheLher Lhe moLlon for lLs admlsslonţ lf necessaryţ ls denled by Lhe courLŦ (6a)
Sect|on 6Ŧ coosttoctlooŦ Ÿ 1hese 8ules shall be llberally consLrued ln order Lo promoLe Lhelr ob[ecLlve of securlng a [usLţ speedy and
lnexpenslve dlsposlLlon of every acLlon and proceedlngŦ (2a)

C|v|| Act|ons
Crd|nary C|v|| Act|ons

kULL 2
Cause of Act|on
Sect|on 1Ŧ OtJlooty clvll octloosţ bosls ofŦ Ÿ Lvery ordlnary clvll acLlon musL be based on a cause of acLlonŦ (n)
Sect|on 2Ŧ coose of octlooţ JefloeJŦ Ÿ A cause of acLlon ls Lhe acL or omlsslon by whlch a parLy vlolaLes a rlghL of anoLherŦ (n)
Sect|on 3Ŧ Ooe solt fot o sloqle coose of octlooŦ Ÿ A parLy may noL lnsLlLuLe more Lhan one sulL for a slngle cause of acLlonŦ (3a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ 5pllttloq o sloqle coose of octlooŤ effect ofŦ Ÿ lf Lwo or more sulLs are lnsLlLuLed on Lhe basls of Lhe same cause of acLlonţ
Lhe flllng of one or a [udgmenL upon Lhe merlLs ln any one ls avallable as a ground for Lhe dlsmlssal of Lhe oLhersŦ (4a)
Sect|on SŦ IoloJet of cooses of octlooŦ Ÿ A parLy may ln one pleadlng asserLţ ln Lhe alLernaLlve or oLherwlseţ as many causes of
acLlon as he may have agalnsL an opposlng parLyţ sub[ecL Lo Lhe followlng condlLlonsť
(a) 1he parLy [olnlng Lhe causes of acLlon shall comply wlLh Lhe rules on [olnder of parLlesŤ
(b) 1he [olnder shall noL lnclude speclal clvll acLlons or acLlons governed by speclal rulesŤ
(c) Where Lhe causes of acLlon are beLween Lhe same parLles buL perLaln Lo dlfferenL venues or [urlsdlcLlonsţ Lhe [olnder
may be allowed ln Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourL provlded one of Lhe causes of acLlon falls wlLhln Lhe [urlsdlcLlon of sald courL
and Lhe venue lles LherelnŤ and
(d) Where Lhe clalms ln all Lhe causes acLlon are prlnclpally for recovery of moneyţ Lhe aggregaLe amounL clalmed shall be
Lhe LesL of [urlsdlcLlonŦ (3a)
Sect|on 6Ŧ MlsjoloJet of cooses of octlooŦ Ÿ Mls[olnder of causes of acLlon ls noL a ground for dlsmlssal of an acLlonŦ A mls[olned
cause of acLlon mayţ on moLlon of a parLy or on Lhe lnlLlaLlve of Lhe courLţ be severed and proceeded wlLh separaLelyŦ (n)

kULL 3
Þart|es to C|v|| Act|ons
Sect|on 1Ŧ wbo moy be pottlesŤ plolotlff ooJ JefeoJootŦ Ÿ Cnly naLural or [urldlcal personsţ or enLlLles auLhorlzed by law may be
parLles ln a clvll acLlonŦ 1he Lerm ƍplalnLlffƍ may refer Lo Lhe clalmlng parLyţ Lhe counLerŴclalmanLţ Lhe crossŴclalmanLţ or Lhe Lhlrd
(fourLhţ eLcŦ) Ÿ parLy plalnLlffŦ 1he Lerm ƍdefendanLƍ may refer Lo Lhe orlglnal defendlng parLyţ Lhe defendanL ln a counLerŴclalmţ Lhe
crossŴdefendanLţ or Lhe Lhlrd (fourLhţ eLcŦ) Ÿ parLy defendanLŦ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ lottles lo lotetestŦ Ÿ A real parLy ln lnLeresL ls Lhe parLy who sLands Lo be beneflLed or ln[ured by Lhe [udgmenL ln Lhe sulLţ
or Lhe parLy enLlLled Lo Lhe avalls of Lhe sulLŦ unless oLherwlse auLhorlzed by law or Lhese 8ulesţ every acLlon musL be prosecuLed or
defended ln Lhe name of Lhe real parLy ln lnLeresLŦ (2a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ kepteseototlves os pottlesŦ Ÿ Where Lhe acLlon ls allowed Lo be prosecuLed and defended by a represenLaLlve or
someone acLlng ln a flduclary capaclLyţ Lhe beneflclary shall be lncluded ln Lhe LlLle of Lhe case and shall be deemed Lo be Lhe real
properLy ln lnLeresLŦ A represenLaLlve may be a LrusLee of an experL LrusLţ a guardlanţ an execuLor or admlnlsLraLorţ or a parLy
auLhorlzed by law or Lhese 8ulesŦ An agenL acLlng ln hls own name and for Lhe beneflL of an undlsclosed prlnclpal may sue or be sued
wlLhouL [olnlng Lhe prlnclpal excepL when Lhe conLracL lnvolves Lhlngs belonglng Lo Lhe prlnclpalŦ (3a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ 5pooses os pottlesŦ Ÿ Pusband and wlfe shall sue or be sued [olnLlyţ excepL as provlded by lawŦ (4a)
Sect|on SŦ Mloot ot locompeteot petsoosŦ Ÿ A mlnor or a person alleged Lo be lncompeLenLţ may sue or be sued wlLh Lhe asslsLance
of hls faLherţ moLherţ guardlanţ or lf he has noneţ a guardlan oJ lltemŦ (3a)
Sect|on 6Ŧ letmlsslve joloJet of pottlesŦ Ÿ All persons ln whom or agalnsL whom any rlghL Lo rellef ln respecL Lo or arlslng ouL of Lhe
same LransacLlon or serles of LransacLlons ls alleged Lo exlsLţ wheLher [olnLlyţ severallyţ or ln Lhe alLernaLlveţ mayţ excepL as
oLherwlse provlded ln Lhese 8ulesţ [oln as plalnLlffs or be [olned as defendanLs ln one complalnLţ where any quesLlon of law or facL
common Lo all such plalnLlffs or Lo all such defendanLs may arlse ln Lhe acLlonŤ buL Lhe courL may make such orders as may be [usL Lo
prevenL any plalnLlff or defendanL from belng embarrassed or puL Lo expense ln connecLlon wlLh any proceedlngs ln whlch he may
have no lnLeresLŦ (6n)
Sect|on 7Ŧ compolsoty joloJet of loJlspeosoble pottlesŦ Ÿ ÞarLles ln lnLeresL wlLhouL whom no flnal deLermlnaLlon can be had of an
acLlon shall be [olned elLher as plalnLlffs or defendanLsŦ (7)
Sect|on 8Ŧ Necessoty pottyŦ Ÿ A necessary parLy ls one who ls noL lndlspensable buL who oughL Lo be [olned as a parLy lf compleLe
rellef ls Lo be accorded as Lo Lhose already parLlesţ or for a compleLe deLermlnaLlon or seLLlemenL of Lhe clalm sub[ecL of Lhe acLlonŦ
(8a)
Sect|on 9Ŧ NooŴjoloJet of oecessoty pottles to be pleoJeJŦ Ÿ Whenever ln any pleadlng ln whlch a clalm ls asserLed a necessary parLy
ls noL [olnedţ Lhe pleader shall seL forLh hls nameţ lf knownţ and shall sLaLe why he ls omlLLedŦ Should Lhe courL flnd Lhe reason for
Lhe omlsslon unmerlLorlousţ lL may order Lhe lncluslon of Lhe omlLLed necessary parLy lf [urlsdlcLlon over hls person may be
obLalnedŦ
1he fallure Lo comply wlLh Lhe order for hls lncluslonţ wlLhouL [usLlflable causeţ shall be deemed a walver of Lhe clalm agalnsL such
parLyŦ
1he nonŴlncluslon of a necessary parLy does noL prevenL Lhe courL from proceedlng ln Lhe acLlonţ and Lhe [udgmenL rendered Lhereln
shall be wlLhouL pre[udlce Lo Lhe rlghLs of such necessary parLyŦ (8aţ 9a)
Sect|on 10Ŧ uowlllloq coŴplolotlffŦ Ÿ lf Lhe consenL of any parLy who should be [olned as plalnLlff can noL be obLalnedţ he may be
made a defendanL and Lhe reason Lherefor shall be sLaLed ln Lhe complalnLŦ (10)
Sect|on 11Ŧ MlsjoloJet ooJ oooŴjoloJet of pottlesŦ Ÿ nelLher mls[olnder nor nonŴ[olnder of parLles ls ground for dlsmlssal of an
acLlonŦ ÞarLles may be dropped or added by order of Lhe courL on moLlon of any parLy or on lLs own lnlLlaLlve aL any sLage Lhe acLlon
and on such Lerms as are [usLŦ Any clalm agalnsL a mls[olned parLy may be severed and proceeded wlLh separaLelyŦ (11a)
Sect|on 12Ŧ closs soltŦ Ÿ When Lhe sub[ecL maLLer of Lhe conLroversy ls one of common or general lnLeresL Lo many persons so
numerous LhaL lL ls lmpracLlcable Lo [oln all as parLlesţ a number of Lhem whlch Lhe courL flnds Lo be sufflclenLly numerous and
represenLaLlve as Lo fully proLecL Lhe lnLeresLs of all concerned may sue or defend for Lhe beneflL of allŦ Any parLy ln lnLeresL shall
have Lhe rlghL Lo lnLervene Lo proLecL hls lndlvldual lnLeresLŦ (12a)
Sect|on 13Ŧ Altetootlve JefeoJootsŦ Ÿ Where Lhe plalnLlff ls uncerLaln agalnsL who of several persons he ls enLlLled Lo rellefţ he may
[oln any or all of Lhem as defendanLs ln Lhe alLernaLlveţ alLhough a rlghL Lo rellef agalnsL one may be lnconslsLenL wlLh a rlghL of rellef
agalnsL Lhe oLherŦ (13a)
Sect|on 14Ŧ uokoowo lJeotlty ot oome of JefeoJootŦ Ÿ Whenever Lhe ldenLlLy or name of a defendanL ls unknownţ he may be sued
as Lhe unknown owner helr devlseeţ or by such oLher deslgnaLlon as Lhe case may requlreţ when hls ldenLlLy or Lrue name ls
dlscoveredţ Lhe pleadlng musL be amended accordlnglyŦ (14)
Sect|on 1SŦ íotlty wltboot jotlJlcol petsooollty os JefeoJootŦ Ÿ When Lwo or more persons noL organlzed as an enLlLy wlLh [urldlcal
personallLy enLer lnLo a LransacLlonţ Lhey may be sued under Lhe name by whlch Lhey are generally or commonly knownŦ
ln Lhe answer of such defendanLţ Lhe name and addresses of Lhe persons composlng sald enLlLy musL all be revealedŦ (13a)
Sect|on 16Ŧ ueotb of pottyŤ Joty of coooselŦ Ÿ Whenever a parLy Lo a pendlng acLlon dlesţ and Lhe clalm ls noL Lhereby exLlngulshedţ
lL shall be Lhe duLy of hls counsel Lo lnform Lhe courL wlLhln LhlrLy (30) days afLer such deaLh of Lhe facL Lhereofţ and Lo glve Lhe
name and address of hls legal represenLaLlve or represenLaLlvesŦ lallure of counsel Lo comply wlLh hls duLy shall be a ground for
dlsclpllnary acLlonŦ
1he helrs of Lhe deceased may be allowed Lo be subsLlLuLed for Lhe deceasedţ wlLhouL requlrlng Lhe appolnLmenL of an execuLor or
admlnlsLraLor and Lhe courL may appolnL a guardlan oJ lltem for Lhe mlnor helrsŦ
1he courL shall forLhwlLh order sald legal represenLaLlve or represenLaLlves Lo appear and be subsLlLuLed wlLhln a perlod of LhlrLy
(30) days from noLlceŦ
lf no legal represenLaLlve ls named by Lhe counsel for Lhe deceased parLyţ or lf Lhe one so named shall fall Lo appear wlLhln Lhe
speclfled perlodţ Lhe courL may order Lhe opposlng parLyţ wlLhln a speclfled Llme Lo procure Lhe appolnLmenL of an execuLor or
admlnlsLraLor for Lhe esLaLe of Lhe deceased and Lhe laLLer shall lmmedlaLely appear for and on behalf of Lhe deceasedŦ 1he courL
charges ln procurlng such appolnLmenLţ lf defrayed by Lhe opposlng parLyţ may be recovered as cosLsŦ (16aţ 17a)
Sect|on 17Ŧ ueotb ot sepototloo of o potty wbo ls o pobllc offlcetŦ Ÿ When a publlc offlcer ls a parLy ln an acLlon ln hls offlclal
capaclLy and durlng lLs pendency dlesţ reslgnsţ or oLherwlse ceases Lo hold offlceţ Lhe acLlon may be conLlnued and malnLalned by or
agalnsL hls successor lfţ wlLhln LhlrLy (30) days afLer Lhe successor Lakes offlce or such Llme as may be granLed by Lhe courLţ lL ls
saLlsfacLorlly shown Lo Lhe courL by any parLy LhaL Lhere ls a subsLanLlal need for conLlnulng or malnLalnlng lL and LhaL Lhe successor
adopLs or conLlnues or LhreaLens Lo adopL or conLlnue Lo adopL or conLlnue Lhe acLlon of hls predecessorŦ 8efore a subsLlLuLlon ls
madeţ Lhe parLy or offlcer Lo be affecLedţ unless expressly assenLlng LhereLoţ shall be glven reasonable noLlce of Lhe appllcaLlon
Lherefor and accorded an opporLunlLy Lo be heardŦ (18a)
Sect|on 18Ŧ locompeteocy ot locopocltyŦ Ÿ lf a parLy becomes lncompeLenL or lncapaclLaLedţ Lhe courLţ upon moLlon wlLh noLlceţ
may allow Lhe acLlon Lo be conLlnued by or agalnsL Lhe lncompeLenL or lncapaclLaLed person asslsLed by hls legal guardlan or
guardlan oJ lltemŦ (19a)
Sect|on 19Ŧ 1toosfet of lotetestŦ Ÿ ln case of any Lransfer of lnLeresLţ Lhe acLlon may be conLlnued by or agalnsL Lhe orlglnal parLyţ
unless Lhe courL upon moLlon dlrecLs Lhe person Lo whom Lhe lnLeresL ls Lransferred Lo be subsLlLuLed ln Lhe acLlon or [olned wlLh
Lhe orlglnal parLyŦ (20)
Sect|on 20Ŧ Actloo ooJ coottoctool mooey clolmsŦ Ÿ When Lhe acLlon ls for recovery of money arlslng from conLracLţ express or
lmplledţ and Lhe defendanL dles before enLry of flnal [udgmenL ln Lhe courL ln whlch Lhe acLlon was pendlng aL Lhe Llme of such
deaLhţ lL shall noL be dlsmlssed buL shall lnsLead be allowed Lo conLlnue unLll enLry of flnal [udgmenLŦ A favorable [udgmenL obLalned
by Lhe plalnLlff Lhereln shall be enforced ln Lhe manner especlally provlded ln Lhese 8ules for prosecuLlng clalms agalnsL Lhe esLaLe of
a deceased personŦ (21a)
Sect|on 21Ŧ loJlqeot pottyŦ Ÿ A parLy may be auLhorlzed Lo llLlgaLe hls acLlonţ clalm or defense as an lndlgenL lf Lhe courLţ upon an ex
potte appllcaLlon and hearlngţ ls saLlsfled LhaL Lhe parLy ls one who has no money or properLy sufflclenL and avallable for foodţ
shelLer and baslc necesslLles for hlmself and hls famllyŦ
Such auLhorlLy shall lnclude an exempLlon from paymenL of dockeL and oLher lawful feesţ and of LranscrlpLs of sLenographlc noLes
whlch Lhe courL may order Lo be furnlshed hlmŦ 1he amounL of Lhe dockeL and oLher lawful fees whlch Lhe lndlgenL was exempLed
from paylng shall be a llen on any [udgmenL rendered ln Lhe case favorable Lo Lhe lndlgenLţ unless Lhe courL oLherwlse provldesŦ
Any adverse parLy may conLesL Lhe granL of such auLhorlLy aL any Llme before [udgmenL ls rendered by Lhe Lrlal courLŦ lf Lhe courL
should deLermlne afLer hearlng LhaL Lhe parLy declared as an lndlgenL ls ln facL a person wlLh sufflclenL lncome or properLyţ Lhe
proper dockeL and oLher lawful fees shall be assessed and collecLed by Lhe clerk of courLŦ lf paymenL ls noL made wlLhln Lhe Llme
flxed by Lhe courLţ execuLlon shall lssue or Lhe paymenL Lhereofţ wlLhouL pre[udlce Lo such oLher sancLlons as Lhe courL may lmposeŦ
(22a)
Sect|on 22Ŧ Notlce to tbe 5ollcltot CeoetolŦ Ÿ ln any acLlon lnvolvlng Lhe valldlLy of any LreaLyţ lawţ ordlnanceţ execuLlve orderţ
presldenLlal decreeţ rules or regulaLlonsţ Lhe courLţ ln lLs dlscreLlonţ may requlre Lhe appearance of Lhe SollclLor Ceneral who may be
heard ln person or a represenLaLlve duly deslgnaLed by hlmŦ (23a)


kULL 4
Venue of Act|ons
Sect|on 1Ŧ veooe of teol octloosŦ Ÿ AcLlons affecLlng LlLle Lo or possesslon of real properLyţ or lnLeresL Lherelnţ shall be commenced
and Lrled ln Lhe proper courL whlch has [urlsdlcLlon over Lhe area whereln Lhe real properLy lnvolvedţ or a porLlon Lhereofţ ls
slLuaLedŦ
lorclble enLry and deLalner acLlons shall be commenced and Lrled ln Lhe munlclpal Lrlal courL of Lhe munlclpallLy or clLy whereln Lhe
real properLy lnvolvedţ or a porLlon Lhereofţ ls slLuaLedŦ (1żaŽţ 2żaŽa)
Sect|on 2Ŧ veooe of petsoool octloosŦ Ÿ All oLher acLlons may be commenced and Lrled where Lhe plalnLlff or any of Lhe prlnclpal
plalnLlffs resldesţ or where Lhe defendanL or any of Lhe prlnclpal defendanLs resldesţ or ln Lhe case of a nonŴresldenL defendanL
where he may be foundţ aL Lhe elecLlon of Lhe plalnLlffŦ (2żbŽa)
Sect|on 3Ŧ veooe of octloos oqolost oooteslJeotsŦ Ÿ lf any of Lhe defendanLs does noL reslde and ls noL found ln Lhe Þhlllpplnesţ and
Lhe acLlon affecLs Lhe personal sLaLus of Lhe plalnLlffţ or any properLy of sald defendanL locaLed ln Lhe Þhlllpplnesţ Lhe acLlon may be
commenced and Lrled ln Lhe courL of Lhe place where Lhe plalnLlff resldesţ or where Lhe properLy or any porLlon Lhereof ls slLuaLed
or foundŦ (2żcŽa)
Sect|on 4Ŧ wbeo kole oot oppllcobleŦ Ÿ 1hls 8ule shall noL applyŦ
(a) ln Lhose cases where a speclflc rule or law provldes oLherwlseŤ or
(b) Where Lhe parLles have valldly agreed ln wrlLlng before Lhe flllng of Lhe acLlon on Lhe excluslve venue LhereofŦ (3aţ 3a)

kULL S
Un|form Þrocedure In 1r|a| Courts
Sect|on 1Ŧ uolfotm ptoceJoteŦ Ÿ 1he procedure ln Lhe Munlclpal 1rlal CourLs shall be Lhe same as ln Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourLsţ excepL
(a) where a parLlcular provlslon expressly or lmplledly applles only Lo elLher of sald courLsţ or (b) ln clvll cases governed by Lhe 8ule
on Summary ÞrocedureŦ (n)
Sect|on 2Ŧ Meooloq of tetmsŦ Ÿ 1he Lerm ƍMunlclpal 1rlal CourLsƍ as used ln Lhese 8ules shall lnclude MeLropollLan 1rlal CourLsţ
Munlclpal 1rlal CourLs ln ClLlesţ Munlclpal 1rlal CourLsţ and Munlclpal ClrculL 1rlal CourLsŦ (1a)

Þrocedure In keg|ona| 1r|a| Courts

kULL 6
k|nds Cf Þ|ead|ngs
Sect|on 1Ŧ lleoJloqs JefloeJŦ Ÿ Þleadlngs are Lhe wrlLLen sLaLemenLs of Lhe respecLlve clalms and defenses of Lhe parLles submlLLed
Lo Lhe courL for approprlaLe [udgmenLŦ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ lleoJloqs olloweJŦ Ÿ 1he clalms of a parLy are asserLed ln a complalnLţ counLerclalmţ crossŴclalmţ Lhlrd (fourLhţ eLcŦ)ŴparLy
complalnLţ or complalnLŴlnŴlnLervenLlonŦ
1he defenses of a parLy are alleged ln Lhe answer Lo Lhe pleadlng asserLlng a clalm agalnsL hlmŦ
An answer may be responded Lo by a replyŦ (n)
Sect|on 3Ŧ complolotŦ Ÿ 1he complalnL ls Lhe pleadlng alleglng Lhe plalnLlffƌs cause or causes of acLlonŦ 1he names and resldences of
Lhe plalnLlff and defendanL musL be sLaLed ln Lhe complalnLŦ (3a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ AoswetŦ Ÿ An answer ls a pleadlng ln whlch a defendlng parLy seLs forLh hls defensesŦ (4a)
Sect|on SŦ uefeosesŦ Ÿ uefenses may elLher be negaLlve or afflrmaLlveŦ
(a) A negaLlve defense ls Lhe speclflc denlal of Lhe maLerlal facL or facLs alleged ln Lhe pleadlng of Lhe clalmanL essenLlal Lo
hls cause or causes of acLlonŦ
(b) An afflrmaLlve defense ls an allegaLlon of a new maLLer whlchţ whlle hypoLheLlcally admlLLlng Lhe maLerlal allegaLlons
ln Lhe pleadlng of Lhe clalmanLţ would neverLheless prevenL or bar recovery by hlmŦ 1he afflrmaLlve defenses lnclude
fraudţ sLaLuLe of llmlLaLlonsţ releaseţ paymenLţ lllegallLyţ sLaLuLe of fraudsţ esLoppelţ former recoveryţ dlscharge ln
bankrupLcyţ and any oLher maLLer by way of confesslon and avoldanceŦ (3a)
Sect|on 6Ŧ coootetclolmŦ Ÿ A counLerclalm ls any clalm whlch a defendlng parLy may have agalnsL an opposlng parLyŦ (6a)
Sect|on 7Ŧ compolsoty coootetclolmŦ Ÿ A compulsory counLerclalm ls one whlchţ belng cognlzable by Lhe regular courLs of [usLlceţ
arlses ouL of or ls connecLed wlLh Lhe LransacLlon or occurrence consLlLuLlng Lhe sub[ecL maLLer of Lhe opposlng parLyƌs clalm and
does noL requlre for lLs ad[udlcaLlon Lhe presence of Lhlrd parLles of whom Lhe courL cannoL acqulre [urlsdlcLlonŦ Such a counLerclalm
musL be wlLhln Lhe [urlsdlcLlon of Lhe courL boLh as Lo Lhe amounL and Lhe naLure Lhereofţ excepL LhaL ln an orlglnal acLlon before
Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourLţ Lhe counLerŴclalm may be consldered compulsory regardless of Lhe amounLŦ (n)
Sect|on 8Ŧ ctossŴclolmŦ Ÿ A crossŴclalm ls any clalm by one parLy agalnsL a coŴparLy arlslng ouL of Lhe LransacLlon or occurrence LhaL
ls Lhe sub[ecL maLLer elLher of Lhe orlglnal acLlon or of a counLerclalm LherelnŦ Such crossŴclalm may lnclude a clalm LhaL Lhe parLy
agalnsL whom lL ls asserLed ls or may be llable Lo Lhe crossŴclalmanL for all or parL of a clalm asserLed ln Lhe acLlon agalnsL Lhe crossŴ
clalmanLŦ (7)
Sect|on 9Ŧ coootetŴcoootetclolms ooJ coootetŴctossclolmsŦ Ÿ A counLerŴclalm may be asserLed agalnsL an orlglnal counLerŴclalmanLŦ
A crossŴclalm may also be flled agalnsL an orlglnal crossŴclalmanLŦ (n)
Sect|on 10Ŧ keplyŦ Ÿ A reply ls a pleadlngţ Lhe offlce or funcLlon of whlch ls Lo denyţ or allege facLs ln denlal or avoldance of new
maLLers alleged by way of defense ln Lhe answer and Lhereby [oln or make lssue as Lo such new maLLersŦ lf a parLy does noL flle such
replyţ all Lhe new maLLers alleged ln Lhe answer are deemed conLroverLedŦ
lf Lhe plalnLlff wlshes Lo lnLerpose any clalms arlslng ouL of Lhe new maLLers so allegedţ such clalms shall be seL forLh ln an amended
or supplemenLal complalnLŦ (11)
Sect|on 11Ŧ 1bltJţ (foottbţ etcŦ)Ÿpotty complolotŦ Ÿ A Lhlrd (fourLhţ eLcŦ) Ÿ parLy complalnL ls a clalm LhaL a defendlng parLy mayţ
wlLh leave of courLţ flle agalnsL a person noL a parLy Lo Lhe acLlonţ called Lhe Lhlrd (fourLhţ eLcŦ) Ÿ parLy defendanL for conLrlbuLlonţ
lndemnlLyţ subrogaLlon or any oLher rellefţ ln respecL of hls opponenLƌs clalmŦ (12a)
Sect|on 12Ŧ 8tloqloq oew pottlesŦ Ÿ When Lhe presence of parLles oLher Lhan Lhose Lo Lhe orlglnal acLlon ls requlred for Lhe granLlng
of compleLe rellef ln Lhe deLermlnaLlon of a counLerclalm or crossŴclalmţ Lhe courL shall order Lhem Lo be broughL ln as defendanLsţ lf
[urlsdlcLlon over Lhem can be obLalnedŦ (14)
Sect|on 13Ŧ Aoswet to tbltJ (foottbţ etcŦ)Ÿpotty complolotŦ Ÿ A Lhlrd (fourLhţ eLcŦ) Ÿ parLy defendanL may allege ln hls answer hls
defensesţ counLerclalms or crossŴclalmsţ lncludlng such defenses LhaL Lhe Lhlrd (fourLhţ eLcŦ) Ÿ parLy plalnLlff may have agalnsL Lhe
orlglnal plalnLlffƌs clalmŦ ln proper casesţ he may also asserL a counLerclalm agalnsL Lhe orlglnal plalnLlff ln respecL of Lhe laLLerƌs
clalm agalnsL Lhe LhlrdŴparLy plalnLlffŦ (n)

kULL 7
Þarts of a Þ|ead|ng
Sect|on 1Ŧ coptlooŦ Ÿ 1he capLlon seLs forLh Lhe name of Lhe courLţ Lhe LlLle of Lhe acLlonţ and Lhe dockeL number lf asslgnedŦ
1he LlLle of Lhe acLlon lndlcaLes Lhe names of Lhe parLlesŦ 1hey shall all be named ln Lhe orlglnal complalnL or peLlLlonŤ buL ln
subsequenL pleadlngsţ lL shall be sufflclenL lf Lhe name of Lhe flrsL parLy on each slde be sLaLed wlLh an approprlaLe lndlcaLlon when
Lhere are oLher parLlesŦ
1helr respecLlve parLlclpaLlon ln Lhe case shall be lndlcaLedŦ (1aţ 2a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ 1be boJyŦ Ÿ 1he body of Lhe pleadlng seLs fourLh lLs deslgnaLlonţ Lhe allegaLlons of Lhe parLyƌs clalms or defensesţ Lhe
rellef prayed forţ and Lhe daLe of Lhe pleadlngŦ (n)
(a) lotoqtopbsŦ Ÿ 1he allegaLlons ln Lhe body of a pleadlng shall be dlvlded lnLo paragraphs so numbered Lo be readlly
ldenLlfledţ each of whlch shall conLaln a sLaLemenL of a slngle seL of clrcumsLances so far as LhaL can be done wlLh
convenlenceŦ A paragraph may be referred Lo by lLs number ln all succeedlng pleadlngsŦ (3a)
(b) neoJloqsŦ Ÿ When Lwo or more causes of acLlon are [olned Lhe sLaLemenL of Lhe flrsL shall be prefaced by Lhe words
ƍflrsL cause of acLlonţƌƌ of Lhe second by ƍsecond cause of acLlonƍţ and so on for Lhe oLhersŦ
When one or more paragraphs ln Lhe answer are addressed Lo one of several causes of acLlon ln Lhe complalnLţ Lhey shall
be prefaced by Lhe words ƍanswer Lo Lhe flrsL cause of acLlonƍ or ƍanswer Lo Lhe second cause of acLlonƍ and so onŤ and
when one or more paragraphs of Lhe answer are addressed Lo several causes of acLlonţ Lhey shall be prefaced by words
Lo LhaL effecLŦ (4)
(c) kellefŦ Ÿ 1he pleadlng shall speclfy Lhe rellef soughLţ buL lL may add a general prayer for such furLher or oLher rellef as
may be deemed [usL or equlLableŦ (3aţ 86)
(d) uoteŦ Ÿ Lvery pleadlng shall be daLedŦ (n)
Sect|on 3Ŧ 5lqootote ooJ oJJtessŦ Ÿ Lvery pleadlng musL be slgned by Lhe parLy or counsel represenLlng hlmţ sLaLlng ln elLher case
hls address whlch should noL be a posL offlce boxŦ
1he slgnaLure of counsel consLlLuLes a cerLlflcaLe by hlm LhaL he has read Lhe pleadlngŤ LhaL Lo Lhe besL of hls knowledgeţ
lnformaLlonţ and bellef Lhere ls good ground Lo supporL lLŤ and LhaL lL ls noL lnLerposed for delayŦ
An unslgned pleadlng produces no legal effecLŦ Poweverţ Lhe courL mayţ ln lLs dlscreLlonţ allow such deflclency Lo be remedled lf lL
shall appear LhaL Lhe same was due Lo mere lnadverLence and noL lnLended for delayŦ Counsel who dellberaLely flles an unslgned
pleadlngţ or slgns a pleadlng ln vlolaLlon of Lhls 8uleţ or alleges scandalous or lndecenL maLLer Lherelnţ or falls prompLly reporL Lo Lhe
courL a change of hls addressţ shall be sub[ecL Lo approprlaLe dlsclpllnary acLlonŦ (3a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ vetlflcotlooŦ Ÿ LxcepL when oLherwlse speclflcally requlred by law or ruleţ pleadlngs need noL be under oaLhţ verlfled or
accompanled by affldavlL Ŧ(3a)
A pleadlng ls verlfled by an affldavlL LhaL Lhe afflanL has read Lhe pleadlng and LhaL Lhe allegaLlons Lhereln are Lrue and correcL of hls
knowledge and bellefŦ
A pleadlng requlred Lo be verlfled whlch conLalns a verlflcaLlon based on ƍlnformaLlon and bellefƍţ or upon ƍknowledgeţ lnformaLlon
and bellefƍţ or lacks a proper verlflcaLlonţ shall be LreaLed as an unslgned pleadlngŦ (6a)
Sect|on SŦ cettlflcotloo oqolost fotom sbopploqŦ Ÿ 1he plalnLlff or prlnclpal parLy shall cerLlfy under oaLh ln Lhe complalnL or oLher
lnlLlaLory pleadlng asserLlng a clalm for rellefţ or ln a sworn cerLlflcaLlon annexed LhereLo and slmulLaneously flled LherewlLhť (a) LhaL
he has noL LhereLofore commenced any acLlon or flled any clalm lnvolvlng Lhe same lssues ln any courLţ Lrlbunal or quaslŴ[udlclal
agency andţ Lo Lhe besL of hls knowledgeţ no such oLher acLlon or clalm ls pendlng LherelnŤ (b) lf Lhere ls such oLher pendlng acLlon
or clalmţ a compleLe sLaLemenL of Lhe presenL sLaLus LhereofŤ and (c) lf he should LhereafLer learn LhaL Lhe same or slmllar acLlon or
clalm has been flled or ls pendlngţ he shall reporL LhaL facL wlLhln flve (3) days Lherefrom Lo Lhe courL whereln hls aforesald
complalnL or lnlLlaLory pleadlng has been flledŦ
lallure Lo comply wlLh Lhe foregolng requlremenLs shall noL be curable by mere amendmenL of Lhe complalnL or oLher lnlLlaLory
pleadlng buL shall be cause for Lhe dlsmlssal of Lhe case wlLhouL pre[udlceţ unless oLherwlse provldedţ upon moLlon and afLer
hearlngŦ 1he submlsslon of a false cerLlflcaLlon or nonŴcompllance wlLh any of Lhe underLaklngs Lhereln shall consLlLuLe lndlrecL
conLempL of courLţ wlLhouL pre[udlce Lo Lhe correspondlng admlnlsLraLlve and crlmlnal acLlonsŦ lf Lhe acLs of Lhe parLy or hls counsel
clearly consLlLuLe wlllful and dellberaLe forum shopplngţ Lhe same shall be ground for summary dlsmlssal wlLh pre[udlce and shall
consLlLuLe dlrecL conLempLţ as well as a cause for admlnlsLraLlve sancLlonsŦ (n)

kULL 8
Manner of Mak|ng A||egat|ons |n Þ|ead|ngs
Sect|on 1Ŧ lo qeoetolŦ Ÿ Lvery pleadlng shall conLaln ln a meLhodlcal and loglcal formţ a plalnţ conclse and dlrecL sLaLemenL of Lhe
ulLlmaLe facLs on whlch Lhe parLy pleadlng relles for hls clalm or defenseţ as Lhe case may beţ omlLLlng Lhe sLaLemenL of mere
evldenLlary facLsŦ (1)
lf a defense relled on ls based on lawţ Lhe perLlnenL provlslons Lhereof and Lhelr appllcablllLy Lo hlm shall be clearly and conclsely
sLaLedŦ (n)
Sect|on 2Ŧ Altetootlve cooses of octloo ot JefeosesŦ Ÿ A parLy may seL forLh Lwo or more sLaLemenLs of a clalm or defense
alLernaLlvely or hypoLheLlcallyţ elLher ln one cause of acLlon or defense or ln separaLe causes of acLlon or defensesŦ When Lwo or
more sLaLemenLs are made ln Lhe alLernaLlve and one of Lhem lf made lndependenLly would be sufflclenLţ Lhe pleadlng ls noL made
lnsufflclenL by Lhe lnsufflclency of one or more of Lhe alLernaLlve sLaLemenLsŦ (2)
Sect|on 3Ŧ cooJltloos pteceJeotŦ Ÿ ln any pleadlng a general avermenL of Lhe performance or occurrence of all condlLlons precedenL
shall be sufflclenLŦ (3)
Sect|on 4Ŧ copocltyŦ Ÿ lacLs showlng Lhe capaclLy of a parLy Lo sue or be sued or Lhe auLhorlLy of a parLy Lo sue or be sued ln a
represenLaLlve capaclLy or Lhe legal exlsLence of an organlzed assoclaLlon of person LhaL ls made a parLyţ musL be averredŦ A parLy
deslrlng Lo ralse an lssue as Lo Lhe legal exlsLence of any parLy or Lhe capaclLy of any parLy Lo sue or be sued ln a represenLaLlve
capaclLyţ shall do so by speclflc denlalţ whlch shall lnclude such supporLlng parLlculars as are pecullarly wlLhln Lhe pleaderƌs
knowledgeŦ (4)
Sect|on SŦ ltooJţ mlstokeţ cooJltloo of tbe mloJŦ Ÿ ln all avermenLs of fraud or mlsLake Lhe clrcumsLances consLlLuLlng fraud or
mlsLake musL be sLaLed wlLh parLlcularlLyŦ Mallceţ lnLenLţ knowledgeţ or oLher condlLlon of Lhe mlnd of a person may be averred
generallyŦ(3a)
Sect|on 6Ŧ IoJqmeotŦ Ÿ ln pleadlng a [udgmenL or declslon of a domesLlc or forelgn courLţ [udlclal or quaslŴ[udlclal Lrlbunalţ or of a
board or offlcerţ lL ls sufflclenL Lo aver Lhe [udgmenL or declslon wlLhouL seLLlng forLh maLLer showlng [urlsdlcLlon Lo render lLŦ (6)
Sect|on 7Ŧ Actloo ot Jefeose boseJ oo JocomeotŦ Ÿ Whenever an acLlon or defense ls based upon a wrlLLen lnsLrumenL or
documenLţ Lhe subsLance of such lnsLrumenL or documenL shall be seL forLh ln Lhe pleadlngţ and Lhe orlglnal or a copy Lhereof shall
be aLLached Lo Lhe pleadlng as an exhlblLţ whlch shall be deemed Lo be a parL of Lhe pleadlngţ or sald copy may wlLh llke effecL be seL
forLh ln Lhe pleadlngŦ (7)
Sect|on 8Ŧ now to cootest socb JocomeotsŦ Ÿ When an acLlon or defense ls founded upon a wrlLLen lnsLrumenLţ copled ln or
aLLached Lo Lhe correspondlng pleadlng as provlded ln Lhe precedlng secLlonţ Lhe genulneness and due execuLlon of Lhe lnsLrumenL
shall be deemed admlLLed unless Lhe adverse parLyţ under oaLh speclflcally denles Lhemţ and seLs forLh whaL he clalms Lo be Lhe
facLsţ buL Lhe requlremenL of an oaLh does noL apply when Lhe adverse parLy does noL appear Lo be a parLy Lo Lhe lnsLrumenL or
when compllance wlLh an order for an lnspecLlon of Lhe orlglnal lnsLrumenL ls refusedŦ (8a)
Sect|on 9Ŧ Offlclol Jocomeot ot octŦ Ÿ ln pleadlng an offlclal documenL or offlclal acLţ lL ls sufflclenL Lo aver LhaL Lhe documenL was
lssued or Lhe acL done ln compllance wlLh lawŦ (9)
Sect|on 10Ŧ 5peclflc JeololŦ Ÿ A defendanL musL speclfy each maLerlal allegaLlon of facL Lhe LruLh of whlch he does noL admlL andţ
whenever pracLlcableţ shall seL forLh Lhe subsLance of Lhe maLLers upon whlch he relles Lo supporL hls denlalŦ Where a defendanL
deslres Lo deny only a parL of an avermenLţ he shall speclfy so much of lL as ls Lrue and maLerlal and shall deny only Lhe remalnderŦ
Where a defendanL ls wlLhouL knowledge or lnformaLlon sufflclenL Lo form a bellef as Lo Lhe LruLh of a maLerlal avermenL made Lo
Lhe complalnLţ he shall so sLaLeţ and Lhls shall have Lhe effecL of a denlalŦ (10a)
Sect|on 11Ŧ Alleqotloos oot speclflcolly JeoleJ JeemeJ oJmltteJŦ Ÿ MaLerlal avermenL ln Lhe complalnLţ oLher Lhan Lhose as Lo Lhe
amounL of unllquldaLed damagesţ shall be deemed admlLLed when noL speclflcally denledŦ AllegaLlons of usury ln a complalnL Lo
recover usurlous lnLeresL are deemed admlLLed lf noL denled under oaLhŦ (1aţ 89)
Sect|on 12Ŧ 5ttlkloq oot of pleoJloq ot mottet cootoloeJ tbeteloŦ Ÿ upon moLlon made by a parLy before respondlng Lo a pleadlng
orţ lf no responslve pleadlng ls permlLLed by Lhese 8ulesţ upon moLlon made by a parLy wlLhln LwenLy (20) days afLer Lhe servlce of
Lhe pleadlng upon hlmţ or upon Lhe courLƌs own lnlLlaLlve aL any Llmeţ Lhe courL may order any pleadlng Lo be sLrlcken ouL or LhaL
any sham or falseţ redundanLţ lmmaLerlalţ lmperLlnenLţ or scandalous maLLer be sLrlcken ouL LherefromŦ (3ţ 89)

kULL 9
Lffect of Ia||ure to Þ|ead
Sect|on 1Ŧ uefeoses ooJ objectloos oot pleoJeJŦ Ÿ uefenses and ob[ecLlons noL pleaded elLher ln a moLlon Lo dlsmlss or ln Lhe
answer are deemed walvedŦ Poweverţ when lL appears from Lhe pleadlngs or Lhe evldence on record LhaL Lhe courL has no
[urlsdlcLlon over Lhe sub[ecL maLLerţ LhaL Lhere ls anoLher acLlon pendlng beLween Lhe same parLles for Lhe same causeţ or LhaL Lhe
acLlon ls barred by a prlor [udgmenL or by sLaLuLe of llmlLaLlonsţ Lhe courL shall dlsmlss Lhe clalmŦ (2a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ compolsoty coootetclolmţ ot ctossŴclolmţ oot set op botteJŦ Ÿ A compulsory counLerclalmţ or a crossŴclalmţ noL seL up
shall be barredŦ (4a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ uefooltŤ Jeclototloo ofŦ Ÿ lf Lhe defendlng parLy falls Lo answer wlLhln Lhe Llme allowed Lhereforţ Lhe courL shallţ upon
moLlon of Lhe clalmlng parLy wlLh noLlce Lo Lhe defendlng parLyţ and proof of such fallureţ declare Lhe defendlng parLy ln defaulLŦ
1hereuponţ Lhe courL shall proceed Lo render [udgmenL granLlng Lhe clalmanL such rellef as hls pleadlng may warranLţ unless Lhe
courL ln lLs dlscreLlon requlres Lhe clalmanL Lo submlL evldenceŦ Such recepLlon of evldence may be delegaLed Lo Lhe clerk of courLŦ
(1aţ 818)
(a) íffect of otJet of JefooltŦ Ÿ A parLy ln defaulL shall be enLlLled Lo noLlce of subsequenL proceedlngs buL noL Lo Lake
parL ln Lhe LrlalŦ (2aţ 818)
(b) kellef ftom otJet of JefooltŦ Ÿ A parLy declared ln defaulL may aL any Llme afLer noLlce Lhereof and before [udgmenL
flle a moLlon under oaLh Lo seL aslde Lhe order of defaulL upon proper showlng LhaL hls fallure Lo answer was due Lo
fraudţ accldenLţ mlsLake or excusable negllgence and LhaL he has a merlLorlous defenseŦ ln such caseţ Lhe order of defaulL
may be seL aslde on such Lerms and condlLlons as Lhe [udge may lmpose ln Lhe lnLeresL of [usLlceŦ (3aţ 818)
(c) íffect of pottlol JefooltŦ Ÿ When a pleadlng asserLlng a clalm sLaLes a common cause of acLlon agalnsL several
defendlng parLlesţ some of whom answer and Lhe oLhers fall Lo do soţ Lhe courL shall Lry Lhe case agalnsL all upon Lhe
answers Lhus flled and render [udgmenL upon Lhe evldence presenLedŦ (4aţ 818)Ŧ
(d) íxteot of tellef to be owotJeJŦ Ÿ A [udgmenL rendered agalnsL a parLy ln defaulL shall noL exceed Lhe amounL or be
dlfferenL ln klnd from LhaL prayed for nor award unllquldaLed damagesŦ (3aţ 818)Ŧ
(e) wbete oo Jefoolts olloweJŦ Ÿ lf Lhe defendlng parLy ln an acLlon for annulmenL or declaraLlon of nulllLy of marrlage or
for legal separaLlon falls Lo answerţ Lhe courL shall order Lhe prosecuLlng aLLorney Lo lnvesLlgaLe wheLher or noL a
colluslon beLween Lhe parLles exlsLsţ and lf Lhere ls no colluslonţ Lo lnLervene for Lhe SLaLe ln order Lo see Lo lL LhaL Lhe
evldence submlLLed ls noL fabrlcaLedŦ (6aţ 818)

kULL 10
Amended and Supp|ementa| Þ|ead|ngs
Sect|on 1Ŧ AmeoJmeots lo qeoetolŦ Ÿ Þleadlngs may be amended by addlng or sLrlklng ouL an allegaLlon or Lhe name of any parLyţ or
by correcLlng a mlsLake ln Lhe name of a parLy or a mlsLaken or lnadequaLe allegaLlon or descrlpLlon ln any oLher respecLţ so LhaL Lhe
acLual merlLs of Lhe conLroversy may speedlly be deLermlnedţ wlLhouL regard Lo LechnlcallLlesţ and ln Lhe mosL expedlLlous and
lnexpenslve mannerŦ (1)
Sect|on 2Ŧ AmeoJmeots os o mottet of tlqbtŦ Ÿ A parLy may amend hls pleadlng once as a maLLer of rlghL aL any Llme before a
responslve pleadlng ls served orţ ln Lhe case of a replyţ aL any Llme wlLhln Len (10) days afLer lL ls servedŦ (2a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ AmeoJmeots by leove of coottŦ Ÿ LxcepL as provlded ln Lhe nexL precedlng secLlonţ subsLanLlal amendmenLs may be
made only upon leave of courLŦ 8uL such leave may be refused lf lL appears Lo Lhe courL LhaL Lhe moLlon was made wlLh lnLenL Lo
delayŦ Crders of Lhe courL upon Lhe maLLers provlded ln Lhls secLlon shall be made upon moLlon flled ln courLţ and afLer noLlce Lo Lhe
adverse parLyţ and an opporLunlLy Lo be heardŦ (3a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ lotmol omeoJmeotsŦ Ÿ A defecL ln Lhe deslgnaLlon of Lhe parLles and oLher clearly clerlcal or Lypographlcal errors may be
summarlly correcLed by Lhe courL aL any sLage of Lhe acLlonţ aL lLs lnlLlaLlve or on moLlonţ provlded no pre[udlce ls caused Lhereby Lo
Lhe adverse parLyŦ (4a)
Sect|on SŦ AmeoJmeot to coofotm to ot ootbotlze pteseototloo of evlJeoceŦ Ÿ When lssues noL ralsed by Lhe pleadlngs are Lrled
wlLh Lhe express or lmplled consenL of Lhe parLles Lhey shall be LreaLed ln all respecLs as lf Lhey had been ralsed ln Lhe pleadlngsŦ
Such amendmenL of Lhe pleadlngs as may be necessary Lo cause Lhem Lo conform Lo Lhe evldence and Lo ralse Lhese lssues may be
made upon moLlon of any parLy aL any Llmeţ even afLer [udgmenLŤ buL fallure Lo amend does noL effecL Lhe resulL of Lhe Lrlal of Lhese
lssuesŦ lf evldence ls ob[ecLed Lo aL Lhe Lrlal on Lhe ground LhaL lL ls noL wlLhln Lhe lssues made by Lhe pleadlngsţ Lhe courL may allow
Lhe pleadlngs Lo be amended and shall do so wlLh llberallLy lf Lhe presenLaLlon of Lhe merlLs of Lhe acLlon and Lhe ends of subsLanLlal
[usLlce wlll be subserved LherebyŦ 1he courL may granL a conLlnuance Lo enable Lhe amendmenL Lo be madeŦ (3a)
Sect|on 6Ŧ 5opplemeotol pleoJloqsŦ Ÿ upon moLlon of a parLy Lhe courL mayţ upon reasonable noLlce and upon such Lerms as are
[usLţ permlL hlm Lo serve a supplemenLal pleadlng seLLlng forLh LransacLlonsţ occurrences or evenLs whlch have happened slnce Lhe
daLe of Lhe pleadlng soughL Lo be supplemenLedŦ 1he adverse parLy may plead LhereLo wlLhln Len (10) days from noLlce of Lhe order
admlLLlng Lhe supplemenLal pleadlngŦ (6a)
Sect|on 7Ŧ lllloq of omeoJeJ pleoJloqsŦ Ÿ When any pleadlng ls amendedţ a new copy of Lhe enLlre pleadlngţ lncorporaLlng Lhe
amendmenLsţ whlch shall be lndlcaLed by approprlaLe marksţ shall be flledŦ (7a)
Sect|on 8Ŧ íffect of omeoJeJ pleoJloqsŦ Ÿ An amended pleadlng supersedes Lhe pleadlng LhaL lL amendsŦ Poweverţ admlsslons ln
superseded pleadlngs may be recelved ln evldence agalnsL Lhe pleaderţ and clalms or defenses alleged Lhereln noL lncorporaLed ln
Lhe amended pleadlng shall be deemed walvedŦ (n)

kULL 11
When to I||e kespons|ve Þ|ead|ngs
Sect|on 1Ŧ Aoswet to tbe complolotŦ Ÿ 1he defendanL shall flle hls answer Lo Lhe complalnL wlLhln flfLeen (13) days afLer servlce of
summonsţ unless a dlfferenL perlod ls flxed by Lhe courLŦ (la)
Sect|on 2Ŧ Aoswet of o JefeoJoot fotelqo ptlvote jotlJlcol eotltyŦ Ÿ Where Lhe defendanL ls a forelgn prlvaLe [urldlcal enLlLy and
servlce of summons ls made on Lhe governmenL offlclal deslgnaLed by law Lo recelve Lhe sameţ Lhe answer shall be flled wlLhln LhlrLy
(30) days afLer recelpL of summons by such enLlLyŦ (2a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ Aoswet to omeoJeJ complolotŦ Ÿ When Lhe plalnLlff flles an amended complalnL as a maLLer of rlghLţ Lhe defendanL shall
answer Lhe same wlLhln flfLeen (13) days afLer belng served wlLh a copy LhereofŦ
Where lLs flllng ls noL a maLLer of rlghLţ Lhe defendanL shall answer Lhe amended complalnL wlLhln Len (l0) days from noLlce of Lhe
order admlLLlng Lhe sameŦ An answer earller flled may serve as Lhe answer Lo Lhe amended complalnL lf no new answer ls flledŦ
1hls 8ule shall apply Lo Lhe answer Lo an amended counLerclalmţ amended crossŴclalmţ amended Lhlrd (fourLhţ eLcŦ)ŸparLy
complalnLţ and amended complalnLŴlnŴlnLervenLlonŦ (3a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ Aoswet to coootetclolm ot ctossŴclolmŦ Ÿ A counLerclalm or crossŴclalm musL be answered wlLhln Len (10) days from
servlceŦ (4)
Sect|on SŦ Aoswet to tbltJ (foottbţ etcŦ)Ŵpotty complolotŦ Ÿ 1he Llme Lo answer a Lhlrd (fourLhţ eLcŦ)ŸparLy complalnL shall be
governed by Lhe same rule as Lhe answer Lo Lhe complalnLŦ (3a)
Sect|on 6Ŧ keplyŦ Ÿ A reply may be flled wlLhln Len (10) days from servlce of Lhe pleadlng responded LoŦ (6)
Sect|on 7Ŧ Aoswet to sopplemeotol comploloŦ Ÿ A supplemenLal complalnL may be answered wlLhln Len (10) days from noLlce of Lhe
order admlLLlng Lhe sameţ unless a dlfferenL perlod ls flxed by Lhe courLŦ 1he answer Lo Lhe complalnL shall serve as Lhe answer Lo
Lhe supplemenLal complalnL lf no new or supplemenLal answer ls flledŦ (n)
Sect|on 8Ŧ íxlstloq coootetclolm ot ctossŴclolmŦ Ÿ A compulsory counLerclalm or a crossŴclalm LhaL a defendlng parLy has aL Lhe Llme
he flles hls answer shall be conLalned LherelnŦ (8aţ 86)
Sect|on 9Ŧ coootetclolm ot ctossŴclolm otlsloq oftet ooswetŦ Ÿ A counLerclalm or a crossŴclalm whlch elLher maLured or was acqulred
by a parLy afLer servlng hls pleadlng mayţ wlLh Lhe permlsslon of Lhe courLţ be presenLed as a counLerclalm or a crossŴclalm by
supplemenLal pleadlng before [udgmenLŦ (9ţ 86)
Sect|on 10Ŧ OmltteJ coootetclolm ot ctossŴclolmŦ Ÿ When a pleader falls Lo seL up a counLerclalm or a crossŴclalm Lhrough overslghLţ
lnadverLenceţ or excusable neglecLţ or when [usLlce requlresţ he mayţ by leave of courLţ seL up Lhe counLerclalm or crossŴclalm by
amendmenL before [udgmenLŦ (3ţ 89)
Sect|on 11Ŧ íxteosloo of tlme to pleoJŦ Ÿ upon moLlon and on such Lerms as may be [usLţ Lhe courL may exLend Lhe Llme Lo plead
provlded ln Lhese 8ulesŦ
1he courL may alsoţ upon llke Lermsţ allow an answer or oLher pleadlng Lo be flled afLer Lhe Llme flxed by Lhese 8ulesŦ (7)

kULL 12
8||| of Þart|cu|ars
Sect|on 1Ŧ wbeo opplleJ fotŤ potposeŦ Ÿ 8efore respondlng Lo a pleadlngţ a parLy may move for a deflnlLe sLaLemenL or for a blll of
parLlculars of any maLLer whlch ls noL averLed wlLh sufflclenL deflnlLeness or parLlcularlLy Lo enable hlm properly Lo prepare hls
responslve pleadlngŦ lf Lhe pleadlng ls a replyţ Lhe moLlon musL be flled wlLhln Len (10) days from servlce LhereofŦ Such moLlon shall
polnL ouL Lhe defecLs complalned ofţ Lhe paragraphs whereln Lhey are conLalnedţ and Lhe deLalls deslredŦ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ Actloo by tbe coottŦ Ÿ upon Lhe flllng of Lhe moLlonţ Lhe clerk of courL musL lmmedlaLely brlng lL Lo Lhe aLLenLlon of Lhe
courL whlch may elLher deny or granL lL ouLrlghLţ or allow Lhe parLles Lhe opporLunlLy Lo be heardŦ (n)
Sect|on 3Ŧ compllooce wltb otJetŦ Ÿ lf Lhe moLlon ls granLedţ elLher ln whole or ln parLţ Lhe compllance LherewlLh musL be effecLed
wlLhln Len (10) days from noLlce of Lhe orderţ unless a dlfferenL perlod ls flxed by Lhe courLŦ 1he blll of parLlculars or a more deflnlLe
sLaLemenL ordered by Lhe courL may be flled elLher ln a separaLe or ln an amended pleadlngţ servlng a copy Lhereof on Lhe adverse
parLyŦ (n)
Sect|on 4Ŧ íffect of oooŴcompllooceŦ Ÿ lf Lhe order ls noL obeyedţ or ln case of lnsufflclenL compllance LherewlLhţ Lhe courL may
order Lhe sLrlklng ouL of Lhe pleadlng or Lhe porLlons Lhereof Lo whlch Lhe order was dlrecLed or make such oLher order as lL deems
[usLŦ (1żcŽa)
Sect|on SŦ 5toy of petloJ to flle tespooslve pleoJloqŦ Ÿ AfLer servlce of Lhe blll of parLlculars or of a more deflnlLe pleadlngţ or afLer
noLlce of denlal of hls moLlonţ Lhe movlng parLy may flle hls responslve pleadlng wlLhln Lhe perlod Lo whlch he was enLlLled aL Lhe
Llme of flllng hls moLlonţ whlch shall noL be less Lhan flve (3) days ln any evenLŦ (1żbŽa)
Sect|on 6Ŧ 8lll o pott of pleoJloqŦ Ÿ A blll of parLlculars becomes parL of Lhe pleadlng for whlch lL ls lnLendedŦ (1żaŽa)

kULL 13
I|||ng and Serv|ce of Þ|ead|ngsţ Iudgments and Cther Þapers
Sect|on 1Ŧ covetoqeŦ Ÿ 1hls 8ule shall govern Lhe flllng of all pleadlngs and oLher papersţ as well as Lhe servlce Lhereofţ excepL Lhose
for whlch a dlfferenL mode of servlce ls prescrlbedŦ (n)
Sect|on 2Ŧ lllloq ooJ setvlceţ JefloeJŦ Ÿ llllng ls Lhe acL of presenLlng Lhe pleadlng or oLher paper Lo Lhe clerk of courLŦ
Servlce ls Lhe acL of provldlng a parLy wlLh a copy of Lhe pleadlng or paper concernedŦ lf any parLy has appeared by counselţ servlce
upon hlm shall be made upon hls counsel or one of Lhemţ unless servlce upon Lhe parLy hlmself ls ordered by Lhe courLŦ Where one
counsel appears for several parLlesţ he shall only be enLlLled Lo one copy of any paper served upon hlm by Lhe opposlLe sldeŦ (2a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ Moooet of fllloqŦ Ÿ 1he flllng of pleadlngsţ appearancesţ moLlonsţ noLlcesţ ordersţ [udgmenLs and all oLher papers shall be
made by presenLlng Lhe orlglnal coples Lhereofţ plalnly lndlcaLed as suchţ personally Lo Lhe clerk of courL or by sendlng Lhem by
reglsLered mallŦ ln Lhe flrsL caseţ Lhe clerk of courL shall endorse on Lhe pleadlng Lhe daLe and hour of flllngŦ ln Lhe second caseţ Lhe
daLe of Lhe malllng of moLlonsţ pleadlngsţ or any oLher papers or paymenLs or deposlLsţ as shown by Lhe posL offlce sLamp on Lhe
envelope or Lhe reglsLry recelpLţ shall be consldered as Lhe daLe of Lhelr flllngţ paymenLţ or deposlL ln courLŦ 1he envelope shall be
aLLached Lo Lhe record of Lhe caseŦ (1a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ lopets tepolteJ to be flleJ ooJ setveJŦ Ÿ Lvery [udgmenLţ resoluLlonţ orderţ pleadlng subsequenL Lo Lhe complalnLţ
wrlLLen moLlonţ noLlceţ appearanceţ demandţ offer of [udgmenL or slmllar papers shall be flled wlLh Lhe courLţ and served upon Lhe
parLles affecLedŦ (2a)
Sect|on SŦ MoJes of setvlceŦ Ÿ Servlce of pleadlngs moLlonsţ noLlcesţ ordersţ [udgmenLs and oLher papers shall be made elLher
personally or by mallŦ (3a)
Sect|on 6Ŧ letsoool setvlceŦ Ÿ Servlce of Lhe papers may be made by dellverlng personally a copy Lo Lhe parLy or hls counselţ or by
leavlng lL ln hls offlce wlLh hls clerk or wlLh a person havlng charge LhereofŦ lf no person ls found ln hls offlceţ or hls offlce ls noL
knownţ or he has no offlceţ Lhen by leavlng Lhe copyţ beLween Lhe hours of elghL ln Lhe mornlng and slx ln Lhe evenlngţ aL Lhe parLyƌs
or counselƌs resldenceţ lf knownţ wlLh a person of sufflclenL age and dlscreLlon Lhen resldlng LherelnŦ (4a)
Sect|on 7Ŧ 5etvlce by mollŦ Ÿ Servlce by reglsLered mall shall be made by deposlLlng Lhe copy ln Lhe posL offlce ln a sealed envelopeţ
plalnly addressed Lo Lhe parLy or hls counsel aL hls offlceţ lf knownţ oLherwlse aL hls resldenceţ lf knownţ wlLh posLage fully prepaldţ
and wlLh lnsLrucLlons Lo Lhe posLmasLer Lo reLurn Lhe mall Lo Lhe sender afLer Len (10) days lf undellveredŦ lf no reglsLry servlce ls
avallable ln Lhe locallLy of elLher Lhe senders or Lhe addresseeţ servlce may be done by ordlnary mallŦ (3aŤ 8ar MaLLer noŦ 803ţ 17
lebruary 1998)
Sect|on 8Ŧ 5obstltoteJ setvlceŦ Ÿ lf servlce of pleadlngsţ moLlonsţ noLlcesţ resoluLlonsţ orders and oLher papers cannoL be made
under Lhe Lwo precedlng secLlonsţ Lhe offlce and place of resldence of Lhe parLy or hls counsel belng unknownţ servlce may be made
by dellverlng Lhe copy Lo Lhe clerk of courLţ wlLh proof of fallure of boLh personal servlce and servlce by mallŦ 1he servlce ls compleLe
aL Lhe Llme of such dellveryŦ (6a)
Sect|on 9Ŧ 5etvlce of joJqmeotsţ flool otJetsţ ot tesolotloosŦ Ÿ !udgmenLsţ flnal orders or resoluLlons shall be served elLher
personally or by reglsLered mallŦ When a parLy summoned by publlcaLlon has falled Lo appear ln Lhe acLlonţ [udgmenLsţ flnal orders
or resoluLlons agalnsL hlm shall be served upon hlm also by publlcaLlon aL Lhe expense of Lhe prevalllng parLyŦ (7a)
Sect|on 10Ŧ completeoess of setvlceŦ Ÿ Þersonal servlce ls compleLe upon acLual dellveryŦ Servlce by ordlnary mall ls compleLe upon
Lhe explraLlon of Len (10) days afLer malllngţ unless Lhe courL oLherwlse provldesŦ Servlce by reglsLered mall ls compleLe upon acLual
recelpL by Lhe addresseeţ or afLer flve (3) days from Lhe daLe he recelved Lhe flrsL noLlce of Lhe posLmasLerţ whlchever daLe ls earllerŦ
(8a)
Sect|on 11Ŧ ltlotltles lo moJes of setvlce ooJ fllloqŦ Ÿ Whenever pracLlcableţ Lhe servlce and flllng of pleadlngs and oLher papers
shall be done personallyŦ LxcepL wlLh respecL Lo papers emanaLlng from Lhe courLţ a resorL Lo oLher modes musL be accompanled by
a wrlLLen explanaLlon why Lhe servlce or flllng was noL done personallyŦ A vlolaLlon of Lhls 8ule may be cause Lo conslder Lhe paper
as noL flledŦ (n)
Sect|on 12Ŧ ltoof of fllloqŦ Ÿ 1he flllng of a pleadlng or paper shall be proved by lLs exlsLence ln Lhe record of Lhe caseŦ lf lL ls noL ln
Lhe recordţ buL ls clalmed Lo have been flled personallyţ Lhe flllng shall be proved by Lhe wrlLLen or sLamped acknowledgmenL of lLs
flllng by Lhe clerk of courL on a copy of Lhe sameŤ lf flled by reglsLered mallţ by Lhe reglsLry recelpL and by Lhe affldavlL of Lhe person
who dld Lhe malllngţ conLalnlng a full sLaLemenL of Lhe daLe and place of deposlLlng Lhe mall ln Lhe posL offlce ln a sealed envelope
addressed Lo Lhe courLţ wlLh posLage fully prepaldţ and wlLh lnsLrucLlons Lo Lhe posLmasLer Lo reLurn Lhe mall Lo Lhe sender afLer Len
(10) days lf noL dellveredŦ (n)
Sect|on 13Ŧ ltoof of 5etvlceŦ Ÿ Þroof of personal servlce shall conslsL of a wrlLLen admlsslon of Lhe parLy servedţ or Lhe offlclal reLurn
of Lhe serverţ or Lhe affldavlL of Lhe parLy servlngţ conLalnlng a full sLaLemenL of Lhe daLeţ place and manner of servlceŦ lf Lhe servlce
ls by ordlnary mallţ proof Lhereof shall conslsL of an affldavlL of Lhe person malllng of facLs showlng compllance wlLh secLlon 7 of Lhls
8uleŦ lf servlce ls made by reglsLered mallţ proof shall be made by such affldavlL and Lhe reglsLry recelpL lssued by Lhe malllng offlceŦ
1he reglsLry reLurn card shall be flled lmmedlaLely upon lLs recelpL by Lhe senderţ or ln lleu Lhereof Lhe unclalmed leLLer LogeLher
wlLh Lhe cerLlfled or sworn copy of Lhe noLlce glven by Lhe posLmasLer Lo Lhe addresseeŦ (10a)
Sect|on 14Ŧ Notlce of lls peoJeosŦ Ÿ ln an acLlon affecLlng Lhe LlLle or Lhe rlghL of possesslon of real properLyţ Lhe plalnLlff and Lhe
defendanLţ when afflrmaLlve rellef ls clalmed ln hls answerţ may record ln Lhe offlce of Lhe reglsLry of deeds of Lhe provlnce ln whlch
Lhe properLy ls slLuaLed noLlce of Lhe pendency of Lhe acLlonŦ Sald noLlce shall conLaln Lhe names of Lhe parLles and Lhe ob[ecL of Lhe
acLlon or defenseţ and a descrlpLlon of Lhe properLy ln LhaL provlnce affecLed LherebyŦ Cnly from Lhe Llme of flllng such noLlce for
record shall a purchaserţ or encumbrancer of Lhe properLy affecLed Lherebyţ be deemed Lo have consLrucLlve noLlce of Lhe pendency
of Lhe acLlonţ and only of lLs pendency agalnsL Lhe parLles deslgnaLed by Lhelr real namesŦ
1he noLlce of lls peoJeos herelnabove menLloned may be cancelled only upon order of Lhe courLţ afLer proper showlng LhaL Lhe
noLlce ls for Lhe purpose of molesLlng Lhe adverse parLyţ or LhaL lL ls noL necessary Lo proLecL Lhe rlghLs of Lhe rlghLs of Lhe parLy who
caused lL Lo be recordedŦ (24aţ 8Ŵ14)

kULL 14
Summons
Sect|on 1Ŧ cletk to lssoe sommoosŦ Ÿ upon Lhe flllng of Lhe complalnL and Lhe paymenL of Lhe requlslLe legal feesţ Lhe clerk of courL
shall forLhwlLh lssue Lhe correspondlng summons Lo Lhe defendanLsŦ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ cooteotsŦ Ÿ 1he summons shall be dlrecLed Lo Lhe defendanLţ slgned by Lhe clerk of courL under seal and conLaln (a) Lhe
name of Lhe courL and Lhe names of Lhe parLles Lo Lhe acLlonŤ (b) a dlrecLlon LhaL Lhe defendanL answer wlLhln Lhe Llme flxed by
Lhese 8ulesŤ (c) a noLlce LhaL unless Lhe defendanL so answers plalnLlff wlll Lake [udgmenL by defaulL and may be granLed Lhe rellef
applled forŦ
A copy of Lhe complalnL and order for appolnLmenL of guardlan oJ lltem lf anyţ shall be aLLached Lo Lhe orlglnal and each copy of Lhe
summonsŦ (3a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ 8y wbom setveJŦ Ÿ 1he summons may be served by Lhe sherlffţ hls depuLyţ or oLher proper courL offlcerţ or for [usLlflable
reasons by any sulLable person auLhorlzed by Lhe courL lssulng Lhe summonsŦ (3a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ ketotoŦ Ÿ When Lhe servlce has been compleLedţ Lhe server shallţ wlLhln flve (3) days Lherefromţ serve a copy of Lhe
reLurnţ personally or by reglsLered mallţ Lo Lhe plalnLlffƌs counselţ and shall reLurn Lhe summons Lo Lhe clerkţ who lssued lLţ
accompanled by proof of servlceŦ (6a)
Sect|on SŦ lssoooce of ollos sommoosŦ Ÿ lf a summons ls reLurned wlLhouL belng served on any or all of Lhe defendanLsţ Lhe server
shall also serve a copy of Lhe reLurn on Lhe plalnLlffƌs counselţ sLaLlng Lhe reasons for Lhe fallure of servlceţ wlLhln flve (3) days
LherefromŦ ln such a caseţ or lf Lhe summons has been losLţ Lhe clerkţ on demand of Lhe plalnLlffţ may lssue an allas summonsŦ (4a)
Sect|on 6Ŧ 5etvlce lo petsoo oo JefeoJootŦ Ÿ Whenever pracLlcableţ Lhe summons shall be served by handllng a copy Lhereof Lo Lhe
defendanL ln personţ orţ lf he refuses Lo recelve and slgn for lLţ by Lenderlng lL Lo hlmŦ (7a)
Sect|on 7Ŧ 5obstltoteJ setvlceŦ Ÿ lfţ for [usLlflable causesţ Lhe defendanL cannoL be served wlLhln a reasonable Llme as provlded ln
Lhe precedlng secLlonţ servlce may be effecLed (a) by leavlng coples of Lhe summons aL Lhe defendanLƌs resldence wlLh some person
of sulLable age and dlscreLlon Lhen resldlng Lherelnţ or (b) by leavlng Lhe coples aL defendanLƌs offlce or regular place of buslness
wlLh some compeLenL person ln charge LhereofŦ (8a)
Sect|on 8Ŧ 5etvlce opoo eotlty wltboot jotlJlcol petsooolltyŦ Ÿ When persons assoclaLed ln an enLlLy wlLhouL [urldlcal personallLy are
sued under Lhe name by whlch Lhey are generally or commonly knownţ servlce may be effecLed upon all Lhe defendanLs by servlng
upon any one of Lhemţ or upon Lhe person ln charge of Lhe offlce or place of buslness malnLalned ln such nameŦ 8uL such servlce
shall noL blnd lndlvldually any person whose connecLlon wlLh Lhe enLlLy hasţ upon due noLlceţ been severed before Lhe acLlon was
broughLŦ (9a)
Sect|on 9Ŧ 5etvlce opoo ptlsooetsŦ Ÿ When Lhe defendanL ls a prlsoner conflned ln a [all or lnsLlLuLlonţ servlce shall be effecLed upon
hlm by Lhe offlcer havlng Lhe managemenL of such [all or lnsLlLuLlon who ls deemed depuLlzed as a speclal sherlff for sald purposeŦ
(12a)
Sect|on 10Ŧ 5etvlce opoo mloots ooJ locompeteotsŦ Ÿ When Lhe defendanL ls a mlnorţ lnsane or oLherwlse an lncompeLenLţ servlce
shall be made upon hlm personally and on hls legal guardlan lf he has oneţ or lf none hls guardlan oJ lltem whose appolnLmenL shall
be applled for by Lhe plalnLlffŦ ln Lhe case of a mlnorţ servlce may also be made on hls faLher or moLherŦ (l0aţ 11a)
Sect|on 11Ŧ 5etvlce opoo Jomestlc ptlvote jotlJlcol eotltyŦ Ÿ When Lhe defendanL ls a corporaLlonţ parLnershlp or assoclaLlon
organlzed under Lhe laws of Lhe Þhlllpplnes wlLh a [urldlcal personallLyţ servlce may be made on Lhe presldenLţ managlng parLnerţ
general managerţ corporaLe secreLaryţ Lreasurerţ or lnŴhouse counselŦ (13a)
Sect|on 12Ŧ 5etvlce opoo fotelqo ptlvote jotlJlcol eotltlesŦ Ÿ When Lhe defendanL ls a forelgn prlvaLe [urldlcal enLlLy whlch has
LransacLed buslness ln Lhe Þhlllpplnesţ servlce may be made on lLs resldenL agenL deslgnaLed ln accordance wlLh law for LhaL
purposeţ orţ lf Lhere be no such agenLţ on Lhe governmenL offlclal deslgnaLed by law Lo LhaL effecLţ or on any of lLs offlcers or agenLs
wlLhln Lhe ÞhlllpplnesŦ (14a)
Sect|on 13Ŧ 5etvlce opoo pobllc cotpototloosŦ Ÿ When Lhe defendanL ls Lhe 8epubllc of Lhe Þhlllpplnesţ servlce may be effecLed on
Lhe SollclLor CeneralŤ ln case of a provlnceţ clLy or munlclpallLyţ or llke publlc corporaLlonsţ servlce may be effecLed on lLs execuLlve
headţ or on such oLher offlcer or offlcers as Lhe law or Lhe courL may dlrecLŦ (13)
Sect|on 14Ŧ 5etvlce opoo JefeoJoot wbose lJeotlty ot wbeteoboots ote ookoowoŦ Ÿ ln any acLlon where Lhe defendanL ls deslgnaLed
as an unknown ownerţ or Lhe llkeţ or whenever hls whereabouLs are unknown and cannoL be ascerLalned by dlllgenL lnqulryţ servlce
mayţ by leave of courLţ be effecLed upon hlm by publlcaLlon ln a newspaper of general clrculaLlon and ln such places and for such
Llme as Lhe courL may orderŦ (16a)
Sect|on 1SŦ íxttotettltotlol setvlceŦ Ÿ When Lhe defendanL does noL reslde and ls noL found ln Lhe Þhlllpplnesţ and Lhe acLlon affecLs
Lhe personal sLaLus of Lhe plalnLlff or relaLes Loţ or Lhe sub[ecL of whlch lsţ properLy wlLhln Lhe Þhlllpplnesţ ln whlch Lhe defendanL
has or clalms a llen or lnLeresLţ acLual or conLlngenLţ or ln whlch Lhe rellef demanded conslsLsţ wholly or ln parLţ ln excludlng Lhe
defendanL from any lnLeresL Lherelnţ or Lhe properLy of Lhe defendanL has been aLLached wlLhln Lhe Þhlllpplnesţ servlce mayţ by
leave of courLţ be effecLed ouL of Lhe Þhlllpplnes by personal servlce as under secLlon 6Ť or by publlcaLlon ln a newspaper of general
clrculaLlon ln such places and for such Llme as Lhe courL may orderţ ln whlch case a copy of Lhe summons and order of Lhe courL shall
be senL by reglsLered mall Lo Lhe lasL known address of Lhe defendanLţ or ln any oLher manner Lhe courL may deem sufflclenLŦ Any
order granLlng such leave shall speclfy a reasonable Llmeţ whlch shall noL be less Lhan slxLy (60) days afLer noLlceţ wlLhln whlch Lhe
defendanL musL answerŦ (17a)
Sect|on 16Ŧ keslJeots tempototlly oot of tbe lblllpploesŦ Ÿ When any acLlon ls commenced agalnsL a defendanL who ordlnarlly
resldes wlLhln Lhe Þhlllpplnesţ buL who ls Lemporarlly ouL of lLţ servlce mayţ by leave of courLţ be also effecLed ouL of Lhe Þhlllpplnesţ
as under Lhe precedlng secLlonŦ (18a)
Sect|on 17Ŧ leove of coottŦ Ÿ Any appllcaLlon Lo Lhe courL under Lhls 8ule for leave Lo effecL servlce ln any manner for whlch leave of
courL ls necessary shall be made by moLlon ln wrlLlngţ supporLed by affldavlL of Lhe plalnLlff or some person on hls behalfţ seLLlng
forLh Lhe grounds for Lhe appllcaLlonŦ (19)
Sect|on 18Ŧ ltoof of setvlceŦ Ÿ 1he proof of servlce of a summons shall be made ln wrlLlng by Lhe server and shall seL forLh Lhe
mannerţ placeţ and daLe of servlceŤ shall speclfy any papers whlch have been served wlLh Lhe process and Lhe name of Lhe person
who recelved Lhe sameŤ and shall be sworn Lo when made by a person oLher Lhan a sherlff or hls depuLyŦ (20)
Sect|on 19Ŧ ltoof of setvlce by pobllcotlooŦ Ÿ lf Lhe servlce has been made by publlcaLlonţ servlce may be proved by Lhe affldavlL of
Lhe prlnLerţ hls foreman or prlnclpal clerkţ or of Lhe edlLorţ buslness or adverLlslng managerţ Lo whlch affldavlL a copy of Lhe
publlcaLlon shall be aLLached and by an affldavlL showlng Lhe deposlL of a copy of Lhe summons and order for publlcaLlon ln Lhe posL
offlceţ posLage prepaldţ dlrecLed Lo Lhe defendanL by reglsLered mall Lo hls lasL known addressŦ (21)
Sect|on 20Ŧ voloototy oppeotooceŦ Ÿ 1he defendanLƌs volunLary appearance ln Lhe acLlon shall be equlvalenL Lo servlce of summonsŦ
1he lncluslon ln a moLlon Lo dlsmlss of oLher grounds aslde from lack of [urlsdlcLlon over Lhe person of Lhe defendanL shall noL be
deemed a volunLary appearanceŦ (23a)

kULL 1S
Mot|ons
Sect|on 1Ŧ Motloo JefloeJŦ Ÿ A moLlon ls an appllcaLlon for rellef oLher Lhan by a pleadlngŦ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ Motloos most be lo wtltloqsŦ Ÿ All moLlons shall be ln wrlLlng excepL Lhose made ln open courL or ln Lhe course of a
hearlng or LrlalŦ (2a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ cooteotsŦ Ÿ A moLlon shall sLaLe Lhe rellef soughL Lo be obLalned and Lhe grounds upon whlch lL ls basedţ and lf requlred
by Lhese 8ules or necessary Lo prove facLs alleged Lherelnţ shall be accompanled by supporLlng affldavlLs and oLher papersŦ (3a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ neotloq of motlooŦ Ÿ LxcepL for moLlons whlch Lhe courL may acL upon wlLhouL pre[udlclng Lhe rlghLs of Lhe adverse
parLyţ every wrlLLen moLlon shall be seL for hearlng by Lhe appllcanLŦ
Lvery wrlLLen moLlon requlred Lo be heard and Lhe noLlce of Lhe hearlng Lhereof shall be served ln such a manner as Lo ensure lLs
recelpL by Lhe oLher parLy aL leasL Lhree (3) days before Lhe daLe of hearlngţ unless Lhe courL for good cause seLs Lhe hearlng on
shorLer noLlceŦ (4a)
Sect|on SŦ Notlce of beotloqŦ Ÿ 1he noLlce of hearlng shall be addressed Lo all parLles concernedţ and shall speclfy Lhe Llme and daLe
of Lhe hearlng whlch musL noL be laLer Lhan Len (10) days afLer Lhe flllng of Lhe moLlonŦ (3a)
Sect|on 6Ŧ ltoof of setvlce oecessotyŦ Ÿ no wrlLLen moLlon seL for hearlng shall be acLed upon by Lhe courL wlLhouL proof of servlce
LhereofŦ (6a)
Sect|on 7Ŧ Motloo JoyŦ Ÿ LxcepL for moLlons requlrlng lmmedlaLe acLlonţ all moLlons shall be scheduled for hearlng on lrlday
afLernoonsţ or lf lrlday ls a nonŴworklng dayţ ln Lhe afLernoon of Lhe nexL worklng dayŦ (7a)
Sect|on 8Ŧ Omolbos motlooŦ Ÿ Sub[ecL Lo Lhe provlslons of secLlon 1 of 8ule 9ţ a moLlon aLLacklng a pleadlngţ orderţ [udgmenLţ or
proceedlng shall lnclude all ob[ecLlons Lhen avallableţ and all ob[ecLlons noL so lncluded shall be deemed walvedŦ (8a)
Sect|on 9Ŧ Motloo fot leoveŦ Ÿ A moLlon for leave Lo flle a pleadlng or moLlon shall be accompanled by Lhe pleadlng or moLlon
soughL Lo be admlLLedŦ (n)
Sect|on 10Ŧ lotmŦ Ÿ 1he 8ules appllcable Lo pleadlngs shall apply Lo wrlLLen moLlons so far as concerns capLlonţ deslgnaLlonţ
slgnaLureţ and oLher maLLers of formŦ (9a)

kULL 16
Mot|on to D|sm|ss
Sect|on 1Ŧ CtoooJsŦ Ÿ WlLhln Lhe Llme for buL before flllng Lhe answer Lo Lhe complalnL or pleadlng asserLlng a clalmţ a moLlon Lo
dlsmlss may be made on any of Lhe followlng groundsť
(a) 1haL Lhe courL has no [urlsdlcLlon over Lhe person of Lhe defendlng parLyŤ
(b) 1haL Lhe courL has no [urlsdlcLlon over Lhe sub[ecL maLLer of Lhe clalmŤ
(c) 1haL venue ls lmproperly laldŤ
(d) 1haL Lhe plalnLlff has no legal capaclLy Lo sueŤ
(e) 1haL Lhere ls anoLher acLlon pendlng beLween Lhe same parLles for Lhe same causeŤ
(f) 1haL Lhe cause of acLlon ls barred by a prlor [udgmenL or by Lhe sLaLuLe of llmlLaLlonsŤ
(g) 1haL Lhe pleadlng asserLlng Lhe clalm sLaLes no cause of acLlonŤ
(h) 1haL Lhe clalm or demand seL forLh ln Lhe plalnLlffƌs pleadlng has been paldţ walvedţ abandonedţ or oLherwlse
exLlngulshedŤ
(l) 1haL Lhe clalm on whlch Lhe acLlon ls founded ls enforceable under Lhe provlslons of Lhe sLaLuLe of fraudsŤ and
([) 1haL a condlLlon precedenL for flllng Lhe clalm has noL been complled wlLhŦ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ neotloq of motlooŦ Ÿ AL Lhe hearlng of Lhe moLlonţ Lhe parLles shall submlL Lhelr argumenLs on Lhe quesLlons of law and
Lhelr evldence on Lhe quesLlons of facL lnvolved excepL Lhose noL avallable aL LhaL LlmeŦ Should Lhe case go Lo Lrlalţ Lhe evldence
presenLed durlng Lhe hearlng shall auLomaLlcally be parL of Lhe evldence of Lhe parLy presenLlng Lhe sameŦ (n)
Sect|on 3Ŧ kesolotloo of MotlooŦ Ÿ AfLer Lhe hearlngţ Lhe courL may dlsmlss Lhe acLlon or clalmţ deny Lhe moLlonţ or order Lhe
amendmenL of Lhe pleadlngŦ
1he courL shall noL defer Lhe resoluLlon of Lhe moLlon for Lhe reason LhaL Lhe ground relled upon ls noL lndublLableŦ
ln every caseţ Lhe resoluLlon shall sLaLe clearly and dlsLlncLly Lhe reasons LhereforŦ (3a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ 1lme to pleoJŦ Ÿ lf Lhe moLlon ls denledţ Lhe movanL shall flle hls answer wlLhln Lhe balance of Lhe perlod prescrlbed by
8ule 11 Lo whlch he was enLlLled aL Lhe Llme of servlng hls moLlonţ buL noL less Lhan flve (3) days ln any evenLţ compuLed from hls
recelpL of Lhe noLlce of Lhe denlalŦ lf Lhe pleadlng ls ordered Lo be amendedţ he shall flle hls answer wlLhln Lhe perlod prescrlbed by
8ule 11 counLed from servlce of Lhe amended pleadlngţ unless Lhe courL provldes a longer perlodŦ (4a)
Sect|on SŦ íffect of JlsmlssolŦ Ÿ Sub[ecL Lo Lhe rlghL of appealţ an order granLlng a moLlon Lo dlsmlss based on paragraphs (f)ţ (h) and
(l) of secLlon 1 hereof shall bar Lhe reflllng of Lhe same acLlon or clalmŦ (n)
Sect|on 6Ŧ lleoJloq qtoooJs os offltmotlve JefeosesŦ Ÿ lf no moLlon Lo dlsmlss has been flledţ any of Lhe grounds for dlsmlssal
provlded for ln Lhls 8ule may be pleaded as an afflrmaLlve defense ln Lhe answer andţ ln Lhe dlscreLlon of Lhe courLţ a prellmlnary
hearlng may be had Lhereon as lf a moLlon Lo dlsmlss had been flledŦ (3a)
1he dlsmlssal of Lhe complalnL under Lhls secLlon shall be wlLhouL pre[udlce Lo Lhe prosecuLlon ln Lhe same or separaLe acLlon of a
counLerclalm pleaded ln Lhe answerŦ (n)

kULL 17
D|sm|ssa| of Act|ons
Sect|on 1Ŧ ulsmlssol opoo ootlce by plolotlffŦ Ÿ A complalnL may be dlsmlssed by Lhe plalnLlff by flllng a noLlce of dlsmlssal aL any
Llme before servlce of Lhe answer or of a moLlon for summary [udgmenLŦ upon such noLlce belng flledţ Lhe courL shall lssue an order
conflrmlng Lhe dlsmlssalŦ unless oLherwlse sLaLed ln Lhe noLlceţ Lhe dlsmlssal ls wlLhouL pre[udlceţ excepL LhaL a noLlce operaLes as
an ad[udlcaLlon upon Lhe merlLs when flled by a plalnLlff who has once dlsmlssed ln a compeLenL courL an acLlon based on or
lncludlng Lhe same clalmŦ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ ulsmlssol opoo motloo of plolotlffŦ Ÿ LxcepL as provlded ln Lhe precedlng secLlonţ a complalnL shall noL be dlsmlssed aL
Lhe plalnLlffƌs lnsLance save upon approval of Lhe courL and upon such Lerms and condlLlons as Lhe courL deems properŦ lf a
counLerclalm has been pleaded by a defendanL prlor Lo Lhe servlce upon hlm of Lhe plalnLlffs moLlon for dlsmlssalţ Lhe dlsmlssal shall
be llmlLed Lo Lhe complalnLŦ 1he dlsmlssal shall be wlLhouL pre[udlce Lo Lhe rlghL of Lhe defendanL Lo prosecuLe hls counLerclalm ln a
separaLe acLlon unless wlLhln flfLeen (13) days from noLlce of Lhe moLlon he manlfesLs hls preference Lo have hls counLerclalm
resolved ln Lhe same acLlonŦ unless oLherwlse speclfled ln Lhe orderţ a dlsmlssal under Lhls paragraph shall be wlLhouL pre[udlceŦ A
class sulL shall noL be dlsmlssed or compromlsed wlLhouL Lhe approval of Lhe courLŦ (2a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ ulsmlssol Joe to foolt of plolotlffŦ Ÿ lfţ for no [usLlflable causeţ Lhe plalnLlff falls Lo appear on Lhe daLe of Lhe presenLaLlon
of hls evldence ln chlef on Lhe complalnLţ or Lo prosecuLe hls acLlon for an unreasonable lengLh of Llmeţ or Lo comply wlLh Lhese
8ules or any order of Lhe courLţ Lhe complalnL may be dlsmlssed upon moLlon of Lhe defendanL or upon Lhe courLƌs own moLlonţ
wlLhouL pre[udlce Lo Lhe rlghL of Lhe defendanL Lo prosecuLe hls counLerclalm ln Lhe same or ln a separaLe acLlonŦ 1hls dlsmlssal shall
have Lhe effecL of an ad[udlcaLlon upon Lhe merlLsţ unless oLherwlse declared by Lhe courLŦ (3a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ ulsmlssol of coootetclolmţ ctossŴclolmţ ot tbltJŴpotty complolotŦ Ÿ 1he provlslons of Lhls 8ule shall apply Lo Lhe dlsmlssal
of any counLerclalmţ crossŴclalmţ or LhlrdŴparLy complalnLŦ A volunLary dlsmlssal by Lhe clalmanL by noLlce as ln secLlon 1 of Lhls 8uleţ
shall be made before a responslve pleadlng or a moLlon for summary [udgmenL ls served orţ lf Lhere ls noneţ before Lhe lnLroducLlon
of evldence aL Lhe Lrlal or hearlngŦ (4a)

kULL 18
ÞreŴ1r|a|
Sect|on 1Ŧ wbeo cooJocteJŦ Ÿ AfLer Lhe lasL pleadlng has been served and flledţ lf shall be Lhe duLy of Lhe plalnLlff Lo prompLly
move ex potte LhaL Lhe case be seL for preŴLrlal (3aţ 820)
Sect|on 2Ŧ Notote ooJ potposeŦ Ÿ 1he preŴLrlal ls mandaLoryŦ 1he courL shall conslderť
(a) 1he posslblllLy of an amlcable seLLlemenL or of a submlsslon Lo alLernaLlve modes of dlspuLe resoluLlonŤ
(b) 1he slmpllflcaLlon of Lhe lssuesŤ
(c) 1he necesslLy or deslrablllLy of amendmenLs Lo Lhe pleadlngsŤ
(d) 1he posslblllLy of obLalnlng sLlpulaLlons or admlsslons of facLs and of documenLs Lo avold unnecessary proofŤ
(e) 1he llmlLaLlon of Lhe number of wlLnessesŤ
(f) 1he advlsablllLy of a prellmlnary reference of lssues Lo a commlsslonerŤ
(g) 1he proprleLy of renderlng [udgmenL on Lhe pleadlngsţ or summary [udgmenLţ or of dlsmlsslng Lhe acLlon should a
valld ground Lherefor be found Lo exlsLŤ
(h) 1he advlsablllLy or necesslLy of suspendlng Lhe proceedlngsŤ and
(l) Such oLher maLLers as may ald ln Lhe prompL dlsposlLlon of Lhe acLlonŦ (1aţ 820)
Sect|on 3Ŧ Notlce of pteŴttlolŦ Ÿ 1he noLlce of preŴLrlal shall be served on counselţ or on Lhe parLy who has no counselŦ 1he counsel
served wlLh such noLlce ls charged wlLh Lhe duLy of noLlfylng Lhe parLy represenLed by hlmŦ (n)
Sect|on 4Ŧ Appeotooce of pottlesŦ Ÿ lL shall be Lhe duLy of Lhe parLles and Lhelr counsel Lo appear aL Lhe preŴLrlalŦ 1he nonŴ
appearance of a parLy may be excused only lf a valld cause ls shown Lherefor or lf a represenLaLlve shall appear ln hls behalf fully
auLhorlzed ln wrlLlng Lo enLer lnLo an amlcable seLLlemenLţ Lo submlL Lo alLernaLlve modes of dlspuLe resoluLlonţ and Lo enLer lnLo
sLlpulaLlons or admlsslons of facLs and of documenLsŦ (n)
Sect|on SŦ íffect of follote to oppeotŦ Ÿ 1he fallure of Lhe plalnLlff Lo appear when so requlred pursuanL Lo Lhe nexL precedlng
secLlon shall be cause for dlsmlssal of Lhe acLlonŦ 1he dlsmlssal shall be wlLh pre[udlceţ unless oLherŴwlse ordered by Lhe courLŦ A
slmllar fallure on Lhe parL of Lhe defendanL shall be cause Lo allow Lhe plalnLlff Lo presenL hls evldence ex potte and Lhe courL Lo
render [udgmenL on Lhe basls LhereofŦ (2aţ 820)
Sect|on 6Ŧ lteŴttlol btlefŦ Ÿ 1he parLles shall flle wlLh Lhe courL and serve on Lhe adverse parLyţ ln such manner as shall ensure Lhelr
recelpL Lhereof aL leasL Lhree (3) days before Lhe daLe of Lhe preŴLrlalţ Lhelr respecLlve preŴLrlal brlefs whlch shall conLalnţ among
oLhersť
(a) A sLaLemenL of Lhelr wllllngness Lo enLer lnLo amlcable seLLlemenL or alLernaLlve modes of dlspuLe resoluLlonţ
lndlcaLlng Lhe deslred Lerms LhereofŤ
(b) A summary of admlLLed facLs and proposed sLlpulaLlon of facLsŤ
(c) 1he lssues Lo be Lrled or resolvedŤ
(d) 1he documenLs or exhlblLs Lo be presenLed sLaLlng Lhe purpose LhereofŤ
(e) A manlfesLaLlon of Lhelr havlng avalled or Lhelr lnLenLlon Lo avall Lhemselves of dlscovery procedures or referral Lo
commlsslonersŤ and
(f) 1he number and names of Lhe wlLnessesţ and Lhe subsLance of Lhelr respecLlve LesLlmonlesŦ
lallure Lo flle Lhe preŴLrlal brlef shall have Lhe same effecL as fallure Lo appear aL Lhe preŴLrlalŦ (n)
Sect|on 7Ŧ kecotJ of pteŴttlolŦ Ÿ 1he proceedlngs ln Lhe preŴLrlal shall be recordedŦ upon Lhe LermlnaLlon Lhereofţ Lhe courL shall
lssue an order whlch shall reclLe ln deLall Lhe maLLers Laken up ln Lhe conferenceţ Lhe acLlon Laken Lhereonţ Lhe amendmenLs
allowed Lo Lhe pleadlngsţ and Lhe agreemenLs or admlsslons made by Lhe parLles as Lo any of Lhe maLLers conslderedŦ Should Lhe
acLlon proceed Lo Lrlalţ Lhe order shallţ expllclLly deflne and llmlL Lhe lssues Lo be LrledŦ 1he conLenLs of Lhe order shall conLrol Lhe
subsequenL course of Lhe acLlonţ unless modlfled before Lrlal Lo prevenL manlfesL ln[usLlceŦ (3aţ 820)

kULL 19
Intervent|on
Sect|on 1Ŧ wbo moy lotetveoeŦ Ÿ A person who has a legal lnLeresL ln Lhe maLLer ln llLlgaLlonţ or ln Lhe success of elLher of Lhe
parLlesţ or an lnLeresL agalnsL boLhţ or ls so slLuaLed as Lo be adversely affecLed by a dlsLrlbuLlon or oLher dlsposlLlon of properLy ln
Lhe cusLody of Lhe courL or of an offlcer Lhereof mayţ wlLh leave of courLţ be allowed Lo lnLervene ln Lhe acLlonŦ 1he courL shall
conslder wheLher or noL Lhe lnLervenLlon wlll unduly delay or pre[udlce Lhe ad[udlcaLlon of Lhe rlghLs of Lhe orlglnal parLlesţ and
wheLher or noL Lhe lnLervenorƌs rlghLs may be fully proLecLed ln a separaLe proceedlngŦ (2żaŽţ żbŽaţ 812)
Sect|on 2Ŧ 1lme to lotetveoeŦ Ÿ 1he moLlon Lo lnLervene may be flled aL any Llme before rendlLlon of [udgmenL by Lhe Lrlal courLŦ A
copy of Lhe pleadlngŴlnŴlnLervenLlon shall be aLLached Lo Lhe moLlon and served on Lhe orlglnal parLlesŦ (n)
Sect|on 3Ŧ lleoJloqsŴloŴlotetveotlooŦ Ÿ 1he lnLervenor shall flle a complalnLŴlnŴlnLervenLlon lf he asserLs a clalm agalnsL elLher or all
of Lhe orlglnal parLlesţ or an answerŴlnŴlnLervenLlon lf he unlLes wlLh Lhe defendlng parLy ln reslsLlng a clalm agalnsL Lhe laLLerŦ (2żcŽaţ
812)
Sect|on 4Ŧ Aoswet to complolotŴloŴlotetveotlooŦ Ÿ 1he answer Lo Lhe complalnLŴlnŴlnLervenLlon shall be flled wlLhln flfLeen (13) days
from noLlce of Lhe order admlLLlng Lhe sameţ unless a dlfferenL perlod ls flxed by Lhe courLŦ (2żdŽaţ 812)

kULL 20
Ca|endar of Cases
Sect|on 1Ŧ coleoJot of cosesŦ Ÿ 1he clerk of courLţ under Lhe dlrecL supervlslon of Lhe [udgeţ shall keep a calendar of cases for preŴ
Lrlalţ for Lrlalţ Lhose whose Lrlals were ad[ourned or posLponedţ and Lhose wlLh moLlons Lo seL for hearlngŦ Þreference shall be glven
Lo bobeos cotpos casesţ elecLlon casesţ speclal clvll acLlonsţ and Lhose so requlred by lawŦ (1aţ 822)
Sect|on 2Ŧ Asslqomeot of cosesŦ Ÿ 1he asslgnmenL of cases Lo Lhe dlfferenL branches of a courL shall be done excluslvely by raffleŦ
1he asslgnmenL shall be done ln open sesslon of whlch adequaLe noLlce shall be glven so as Lo afford lnLeresLed parLles Lhe
opporLunlLy Lo be presenLŦ (7aţ 822)

kULL 21
Subpoena
Sect|on 1Ŧ 5obpoeoo ooJ sobpoeoo Joces tecomŦ Ÿ Subpoena ls a process dlrecLed Lo a person requlrlng hlm Lo aLLend and Lo LesLlfy
aL Lhe hearlng or Lhe Lrlal of an acLlonţ or aL any lnvesLlgaLlon conducLed by compeLenL auLhorlLyţ or for Lhe Laklng of hls deposlLlonŦ
lL may also requlre hlm Lo brlng wlLh hlm any booksţ documenLsţ or oLher Lhlngs under hls conLrolţ ln whlch case lL ls called a
subpoena Joces tecomŦ (1aţ 823)
Sect|on 2Ŧ 8y wbom lssoeJŦ Ÿ 1he subpoena may be lssued by Ÿ
(a) Lhe courL before whom Lhe wlLness ls requlred Lo aLLendŤ
(b) Lhe courL of Lhe place where Lhe deposlLlon ls Lo be LakenŤ
(c) Lhe offlcer or body auLhorlzed by law Lo do so ln connecLlon wlLh lnvesLlgaLlons conducLed by sald offlcer or bodyŤ or
(d) any !usLlce of Lhe Supreme CourL or of Lhe CourL of Appeals ln any case or lnvesLlgaLlon pendlng wlLhln Lhe
ÞhlllpplnesŦ
When appllcaLlon for a subpoena Lo a prlsoner ls madeţ Lhe [udge or offlcer shall examlne and sLudy carefully such appllcaLlon Lo
deLermlne wheLher Lhe same ls made for a valld purposeŦ
no prlsoner senLenced Lo deaLhţ teclosloo petpetoo or llfe lmprlsonmenL and who ls conflned ln any penal lnsLlLuLlon shall be
broughL ouLslde Lhe sald penal lnsLlLuLlon for appearance or aLLendance ln any courL unless auLhorlzed by Lhe Supreme CourL (2aţ
823)
Sect|on 3Ŧ lotm ooJ cooteotsŦ Ÿ A subpoena shall sLaLe Lhe name of Lhe courL and Lhe LlLle of Lhe acLlon or lnvesLlgaLlonţ shall be
dlrecLed Lo Lhe person whose aLLendance ls requlredţ and ln Lhe case of a subpoena Joces tecomţ lL shall also conLaln a reasonable
descrlpLlon of Lhe booksţ documenLs or Lhlngs demanded whlch musL appear Lo Lhe courL ptlmo focle relevanLŦ (3aţ 823)
Sect|on 4Ŧ Ooosbloq o sobpoeooŦ Ÿ 1he courL may quash a subpoena Joces tecom upon moLlon prompLly made andţ ln any evenLţ aL
or before Lhe Llme speclfled Lhereln lf lL ls unreasonable and oppresslveţ or Lhe relevancy of Lhe booksţ documenLs or Lhlngs does
noL appearţ or lf Lhe person ln whose behalf Lhe subpoena ls lssued falls Lo advance Lhe reasonable cosL of Lhe producLlon LhereofŦ
1he courL may quash a subpoena ad testlflcooJom on Lhe ground LhaL Lhe wlLness ls noL bound LherebyŦ ln elLher caseţ Lhe subpoena
may be quashed on Lhe ground LhaL Lhe wlLness fees and kllomeLrage allowed by Lhese 8ules were noL Lendered when Lhe subpoena
was servedŦ (4aţ 823)
Sect|on SŦ 5obpoeoo fot JeposltloosŦ Ÿ Þroof of servlce of a noLlce Lo Lake a deposlLlonţ as provlded ln secLlons 13 and 23 of 8ule 23ţ
shall consLlLuLe sufflclenL auLhorlzaLlon for Lhe lssuance of subpoenas for Lhe persons named ln sald noLlce by Lhe clerk of Lhe courL
of Lhe place ln whlch Lhe deposlLlon ls Lo be LakenŦ 1he clerk shall noLţ howeverţ lssue a subpoena Joces tecom Lo any such person
wlLhouL an order of Lhe courLŦ (3aţ 823)
Sect|on 6Ŧ 5etvlceŦ Ÿ Servlce of a subpoena shall be made ln Lhe same manner as personal or subsLlLuLed servlce of summonsŦ 1he
orlglnal shall be exhlblLed and a copy Lhereof dellvered Lo Lhe person on whom lL ls servedţ Lenderlng Lo hlm Lhe fees for one dayƌs
aLLendance and Lhe kllomeLrage allowed by Lhese 8ulesţ excepL LhaLţ when a subpoena ls lssued by or on behalf of Lhe 8epubllc of
Lhe Þhlllpplnes or an offlcer or agency Lhereofţ Lhe Lender need noL be madeŦ 1he servlce musL be made so as Lo allow Lhe wlLness a
reasonable Llme for preparaLlon and Lravel Lo Lhe place of aLLendanceŦ lf Lhe subpoena ls Joces tecomţ Lhe reasonable cosL of
produclng Lhe booksţ documenLs or Lhlngs demanded shall also be LenderedŦ (6aţ 823)
Sect|on 7Ŧ letsoool oppeotooce lo coottŦ Ÿ A person presenL ln courL before a [udlclal offlcer may be requlred Lo LesLlfy as lf he were
ln aLLendance upon a subpoena ls sued by such courL or offlcerŦ (10ţ 823)
Sect|on 8Ŧ compellloq otteoJooceŦ Ÿ ln case of fallure of a wlLness Lo aLLendţ Lhe courL or [udge lssulng Lhe subpoenaţ upon proof of
Lhe servlce Lhereof and of Lhe fallure of Lhe wlLnessţ may lssue a warranL Lo Lhe sherlff of Lhe provlnceţ or hls depuLyţ Lo arresL Lhe
wlLness and brlng hlm before Lhe courL or offlcer where hls aLLendance ls requlredţ and Lhe cosL of such warranL and selzure of such
wlLness shall be pald by Lhe wlLness lf Lhe courL lssulng lL shall deLermlne LhaL hls fallure Lo answer Lhe subpoena was wlllful and
wlLhouL [usL excuseŦ (11ţ 823)
Sect|on 9Ŧ cootemptŦ Ÿ lallure by any person wlLhouL adequaLe cause Lo obey a subpoena served upon hlm shall be deemed a
conLempL of Lhe courL from whlch Lhe subpoena ls lssuedŦ lf Lhe subpoena was noL lssued by a courLţ Lhe dlsobedlence LhereLo shall
be punlshed ln accordance wlLh Lhe appllcable law or 8uleŦ (12a 823)
Sect|on 10Ŧ íxceptloosŦ Ÿ 1he provlslons of secLlons 8 and 9 of Lhls 8ule shall noL apply Lo a wlLness who resldes more Lhan one
hundred (100) kllomeLers from hls resldence Lo Lhe place where he ls Lo LesLlfy by Lhe ordlnary course of Lravelţ or Lo a deLenLlon
prlsoner lf no permlsslon of Lhe courL ln whlch hls case ls pendlng was obLalnedŦ (9aţ 823)

kULL 22
Computat|on of 1|me
Sect|on 1Ŧ now to compote tlmeŦ Ÿ ln compuLlng any perlod of Llme prescrlbed or allowed by Lhese 8ulesţ or by order of Lhe courLţ
or by any appllcable sLaLuLeţ Lhe day of Lhe acL or evenL from whlch Lhe deslgnaLed perlod of Llme beglns Lo run ls Lo be excluded
and Lhe daLe of performance lncludedŦ lf Lhe lasL day of Lhe perlodţ as Lhus compuLedţ falls on a SaLurday a Sundayţ or a legal hollday
ln Lhe place where Lhe courL slLsţ Lhe Llme shall noL run unLll Lhe nexL worklng dayŦ (a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ íffect of lotettoptlooŦ Ÿ Should an acL be done whlch effecLlvely lnLerrupLs Lhe runnlng of Lhe perlodţ Lhe allowable
perlod afLer such lnLerrupLlon shall sLarL Lo run on Lhe day afLer noLlce of Lhe cessaLlon of Lhe cause LhereofŦ
1he day of Lhe acL LhaL caused Lhe lnLerrupLlon shall be excluded ln Lhe compuLaLlon of Lhe perlodŦ (n)

kULL 23
Depos|t|ons Þend|ng Act|on
Sect|on 1Ŧ ueposltloos peoJloq octlooţ wbeo moy be tokeoŦ Ÿ 8y leave of courL afLer [urlsdlcLlon has been obLalned over any
defendanL or over properLy whlch ls Lhe sub[ecL of Lhe acLlonţ or wlLhouL such leave afLer an answer has been servedţ Lhe LesLlmony
of any personţ wheLher a parLy or noLţ may be Lakenţ aL Lhe lnsLance of any parLyţ by deposlLlon upon oral examlnaLlon or wrlLLen
lnLerrogaLorlesŦ 1he aLLendance of wlLnesses may be compelled by Lhe use of a subpoena as provlded ln 8ule 21Ŧ ueposlLlons shall
be Laken only ln accordance wlLh Lhese 8ulesŦ 1he deposlLlon of a person conflned ln prlson may be Laken only by leave of courL on
such Lerms as Lhe courL prescrlbesŦ (1aţ 824)
Sect|on 2Ŧ 5cope of exomlootlooŦ Ÿ unless oLherwlse ordered by Lhe courL as provlded by secLlon 16 or 18 of Lhls 8uleţ Lhe deponenL
may be examlned regardlng any maLLerţ noL prlvllegedţ whlch ls relevanL Lo Lhe sub[ecL of Lhe pendlng acLlonţ wheLher relaLlng Lo
Lhe clalm or defense of any oLher parLyţ lncludlng Lhe exlsLenceţ descrlpLlonţ naLureţ cusLodyţ condlLlonţ and locaLlon of any booksţ
documenLsţ or oLher Langlble Lhlngs and Lhe ldenLlLy and locaLlon of persons havlng knowledge of relevanL facLsŦ (2ţ 824)
Sect|on 3Ŧ íxomlootloo ooJ ctossŴexomlootlooŦ Ÿ LxamlnaLlon and crossŴexamlnaLlon of deponenLs may proceed as permlLLed aL
Lhe Lrlal under secLlons 3 Lo 18 of 8ule 132Ŧ (3aţ 824)
Sect|on 4Ŧ use of JeposltloosŦ Ÿ AL Lhe Lrlal or upon Lhe hearlng of a moLlon or an lnLerlocuLory proceedlngţ any parL or all of a
deposlLlonţ so far as admlsslble under Lhe rules of evldenceţ may be used agalnsL any parLy who was presenL or represenLed aL Lhe
Laklng of Lhe deposlLlon or who had due noLlce Lhereofţ ln accordance wlLh any one of Lhe followlng provlslonsŤ
(a) Any deposlLlon may be used by any parLy for Lhe purpose of conLradlcLlng or lmpeachlng Lhe LesLlmony of deponenL
as a wlLnessŤ
(b) 1he deposlLlon of a parLy or of any one who aL Lhe Llme of Laklng Lhe deposlLlon was an offlcerţ dlrecLorţ or managlng
agenL of a publlc or prlvaLe corporaLlonţ parLnershlpţ or assoclaLlon whlch ls a parLy may be used by an adverse parLy for
any purposeŤ
(c) 1he deposlLlon of a wlLnessţ wheLher or noL a parLyţ may be used by any parLy for any purpose lf Lhe courL flndsť (1)
LhaL Lhe wlLness ls deadţ or (2) LhaL Lhe wlLness resldes aL a dlsLance more Lhan one hundred (100) kllomeLers from Lhe
place of Lrlal or hearlngţ or ls ouL of Lhe Þhlllpplnesţ unless lL appears LhaL hls absence was procured by Lhe parLy offerlng
Lhe deposlLlonţ or (3) LhaL Lhe wlLness ls unable Lo aLLend or LesLlfy because of ageţ slcknessţ lnflrmlLyţ or lmprlsonmenLţ
or (4) LhaL Lhe parLy offerlng Lhe deposlLlon has been unable Lo procure Lhe aLLendance of Lhe wlLness by subpoenaŤ or
(3) upon appllcaLlon and noLlceţ LhaL such excepLlonal clrcumsLances exlsL as Lo make lL deslrableţ ln Lhe lnLeresL of [usLlce
and wlLh due regard Lo Lhe lmporLance of presenLlng Lhe LesLlmony of wlLnesses orally ln open courLţ Lo allow Lhe
deposlLlon Lo be usedŤ and
(d) lf only parL of a deposlLlon ls offered ln evldence by a parLyţ Lhe adverse parLy may requlre hlm Lo lnLroduce all of lL
whlch ls relevanL Lo Lhe parL lnLroducedţ and any parLy may lnLroduce any oLher parLsŦ (4aţ 824)
Sect|on SŦ íffect of sobstltotloo of pottlesŦ Ÿ SubsLlLuLlon of parLles does noL affecL Lhe rlghL Lo use deposlLlons prevlously LakenŤ
andţ when an acLlon has been dlsmlssed and anoLher acLlon lnvolvlng Lhe same sub[ecL ls afLerward broughL beLween Lhe same
parLles or Lhelr represenLaLlves or successors ln lnLeresLţ all deposlLlons lawfully Laken and duly flled ln Lhe former acLlon may be
used ln Lhe laLLer as lf orlglnally Laken LhereforŦ (3ţ 824)
Sect|on 6Ŧ Objectloos to oJmlsslbllltyŦ Ÿ Sub[ecL Lo Lhe provlslons of secLlon 29 of Lhls 8uleţ ob[ecLlon may be made aL Lhe Lrlal or
hearlngţ Lo recelvlng ln evldence any deposlLlon or parL Lhereof for any reason whlch would requlre Lhe excluslon of Lhe evldence lf
Lhe wlLness were Lhen presenL and LesLlfylng (6ţ 824)
Sect|on 7Ŧ íffect of tokloq JeposltloosŦ Ÿ A parLy shall noL be deemed Lo make a person hls own wlLness for any purpose by Laklng
hls deposlLlonŦ (7ţ 824)
Sect|on 8Ŧ íffect of osloq JeposltloosŦ Ÿ 1he lnLroducLlon ln evldence of Lhe deposlLlon or any parL Lhereof for any purpose oLher
Lhan LhaL of conLradlcLlng or lmpeachlng Lhe deponenL makes Lhe deponenL Lhe wlLness of Lhe parLy lnLroduclng Lhe deposlLlonţ buL
Lhls shall noL apply Lo Lhe use by an adverse parLy of a deposlLlon as descrlbed ln paragraph (b) of secLlon 4 of Lhls 8uleŦ (8ţ 824)
Sect|on 9Ŧ kebottloq JeposltlooŦ Ÿ AL Lhe Lrlal or hearlng any parLy may rebuL any relevanL evldence conLalned ln a deposlLlon
wheLher lnLroduced by hlm or by any oLher parLyŦ (9ţ 824)
Sect|on 10Ŧ letsoos befote wbom Jeposltloos moy be tokeo wltblo tbe lblllpploesŦ Ÿ WlLhln Lhe Þhlllpplnes deposlLlons may be
Laken before any [udgeţ noLary publlcţ or Lhe person referred Lo ln secLlon 14 hereofŦ (10aţ 824)
Sect|on 11Ŧ letsoos befote wbom Jeposltloos moy be tokeo lo fotelqo cooottlesŦ Ÿ ln a forelgn sLaLe or counLryţ deposlLlons may be
Laken (a) on noLlce before a secreLary of embassy or legaLlonţ consul generalţ consulţ vlceŴconsulţ or consular agenL of Lhe 8epubllc
of Lhe Þhlllpplnesţ (b) before such person or offlcer as may be appolnLed by commlsslon or under leLLers rogaLoryŤ or (c) Lhe person
referred Lo ln secLlon 14 hereofŦ (11aţ 824)
Sect|on 12Ŧ commlssloo ot lettets toqototyŦ Ÿ A commlsslon or leLLers rogaLory shall be lssued only when necessary or convenlenLţ
on appllcaLlon and noLlceţ and on such Lermsţ and wlLh such dlrecLlon as are [usL and approprlaLeŦ Cfflcers may be deslgnaLed ln
noLlces or commlsslons elLher by name or descrlpLlve LlLle and leLLers rogaLory may be addressed Lo Lhe approprlaLe [udlclal
auLhorlLy ln Lhe forelgn counLryŦ (12aţ 824)
Sect|on 13Ŧ ulspoollflcotloo by lotetestŦ Ÿ no deposlLlon shall be Laken before a person who ls a relaLlve wlLhln Lhe slxLh degree of
consangulnlLy or afflnlLyţ or employee or counsel of any of Lhe parLlesţ or who ls a relaLlve wlLhln Lhe same degreeţ or employee of
such counselŤ or who ls flnanclally lnLeresLed ln Lhe acLlonŦ (13aţ 824)
Sect|on 14Ŧ 5tlpolotloos teqotJloq tokloq of JeposltloosŦ Ÿ lf Lhe parLles so sLlpulaLe ln wrlLlngţ deposlLlons may be Laken before any
person auLhorlzed Lo admlnlsLer oaLhsţ aL any Llme or placeţ ln accordance wlLh Lhese 8ules and when so Laken may be used llke
oLher deposlLlonsŦ (14aţ 824)
Sect|on 1SŦ ueposltloo opoo otol exomlootlooŤ ootlceŤ tlme ooJ ploceŦ Ÿ A parLy deslrlng Lo Lake Lhe deposlLlon of any person upon
oral examlnaLlon shall glve reasonable noLlce ln wrlLlngţ Lo every oLher parLy Lo Lhe acLlonŦ 1he noLlce shall sLaLe Lhe Llme and place
for Laklng Lhe deposlLlon and Lhe name and address of each person Lo be examlnedţ lf knownţ and lf Lhe name ls noL knownţ a
general descrlpLlon sufflclenL Lo ldenLlfy hlm or Lhe parLlcular class or group Lo whlch he belongsŦ Cn moLlon of any parLy upon
whom Lhe noLlce ls servedţ Lhe courL may for cause shown enlarge or shorLen Lhe LlmeŦ (13ţ 824)
Sect|on 16Ŧ OtJets fot tbe ptotectloo of pottles ooJ JepooeotsŦ Ÿ AfLer noLlce ls served for Laklng a deposlLlon by oral examlnaLlonţ
upon moLlon seasonably made by any parLy or by Lhe person Lo be examlned and for good cause shownţ Lhe courL ln whlch Lhe
acLlon ls pendlng may make an order LhaL Lhe deposlLlon shall noL be Lakenţ or LhaL lL may be Laken only aL some deslgnaLed place
oLher Lhan LhaL sLaLed ln Lhe noLlceţ or LhaL lL may be Laken only on wrlLLen lnLerrogaLorlesţ or LhaL cerLaln maLLers shall noL be
lnqulred lnLoţ or LhaL Lhe scope of Lhe examlnaLlon shall be held wlLh no one presenL excepL Lhe parLles Lo Lhe acLlon and Lhelr
offlcers or counselţ or LhaL afLer belng sealed Lhe deposlLlon shall be opened only by order of Lhe courLţ or LhaL secreL processesţ
developmenLsţ or research need noL be dlsclosedţ or LhaL Lhe parLles shall slmulLaneously flle speclfled documenLs or lnformaLlon
enclosed ln sealed envelopes Lo be opened as dlrecLed by Lhe courL or Lhe courL may make any oLher order whlch [usLlce requlres Lo
proLecL Lhe parLy or wlLness from annoyanceţ embarrassmenLţ or oppresslonŦ (16aţ 824)
Sect|on 17Ŧ kecotJ of exomlootlooţ ootbŤ objectloosŦ Ÿ 1he offlcer before whom Lhe deposlLlon ls Lo be Laken shall puL Lhe wlLness
on oaLh and shall personallyţ or by some one acLlng under hls dlrecLlon and ln hls presenceţ record Lhe LesLlmony of Lhe wlLnessŦ 1he
LesLlmony shall be Laken sLenographlcally unless Lhe parLles agree oLherwlseŦ All ob[ecLlons made aL Lhe Llme of Lhe examlnaLlon Lo
Lhe quallflcaLlons of Lhe offlcer Laklng Lhe deposlLlonţ or Lo Lhe manner of Lalklng lLţ or Lo Lhe evldence presenLedţ or Lo Lhe conducL
of any parLyţ and any oLher ob[ecLlon Lo Lhe proceedlngsţ shall be noLed by Lhe offlcer upon Lhe deposlLlonŦ Lvldence ob[ecLed Lo
shall be Laken sub[ecL Lo Lhe ob[ecLlonsŦ ln lleu of parLlclpaLlng ln Lhe oral examlnaLlonţ parLles served wlLh noLlce of Laklng a
deposlLlon may LransmlL wrlLLen lnLerrogaLorles Lo Lhe offlcersţ who shall propound Lhem Lo Lhe wlLness and record Lhe
answersvetbotlmŦ (17ţ 824)
Sect|on 18Ŧ Motloo to tetmloote ot llmlt exomlootlooŦ Ÿ AL any Llme durlng Lhe Laklng of Lhe deposlLlonţ on moLlon or peLlLlon of
any parLy or of Lhe deponenLţ and upon a showlng LhaL Lhe examlnaLlon ls belng conducLed ln bad falLh or ln such manner as
unreasonably Lo annoyţ embarrassţ or oppress Lhe deponenL or parLyţ Lhe courL ln whlch Lhe acLlon ls pendlng or Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal
CourL of Lhe place where Lhe deposlLlon ls belng Laken may order Lhe offlcer conducLlng Lhe examlnaLlon Lo cease forLhwlLh from
Laklng Lhe deposlLlonţ or may llmlL Lhe scope and manner of Lhe Laklng of Lhe deposlLlonţ as provlded ln secLlon 16 of Lhls 8uleŦ lf Lhe
order made LermlnaLes Lhe examlnaLlonţ lL shall be resumed LhereafLer only upon Lhe order of Lhe courL ln whlch Lhe acLlon ls
pendlngŦ upon demand of Lhe ob[ecLlng parLy or deponenLţ Lhe Laklng of Lhe deposlLlon shall be suspended for Lhe Llme necessary Lo
make a noLlce for an orderŦ ln granLlng or refuslng such orderţ Lhe courL may lmpose upon elLher parLy or upon Lhe wlLness Lhe
requlremenL Lo pay such cosLs or expenses as Lhe courL may deem reasonableŦ (18aţ 824)
Sect|on 19Ŧ 5obmlssloo to wltoessŤ cbooqesŤ slqoloqŦ Ÿ When Lhe LesLlmony ls fully Lranscrlbedţ Lhe deposlLlon shall be submlLLed Lo
Lhe wlLness for examlnaLlon and shall be read Lo or by hlmţ unless such examlnaLlon and readlng are walved by Lhe wlLness and by
Lhe parLlesŦ Any changes ln form or subsLance whlch Lhe wlLness deslres Lo make shall be enLered upon Lhe deposlLlon by Lhe offlcer
wlLh a sLaLemenL of Lhe reasons glven by Lhe wlLness for maklng LhemŦ 1he deposlLlon shall Lhen be slgned by Lhe wlLnessţ unless Lhe
parLles by sLlpulaLlon walve Lhe slgnlng or Lhe wlLness ls lll or cannoL be found or refuses Lo slgnŦ lf Lhe deposlLlon ls noL slgned by
Lhe wlLnessţ Lhe offlcer shall slgn lL and sLaLe on Lhe record Lhe facL of Lhe walver or of Lhe lllness or absence of Lhe wlLness or Lhe
facL of Lhe refusal Lo slgn LogeLher wlLh Lhe reason be glven Lhereforţ lf anyţ and Lhe deposlLlon may Lhen be used as fully as Lhough
slgnedţ unless on a moLlon Lo suppress under secLlon 29 (f) of Lhls 8uleţ Lhe courL holds LhaL Lhe reasons glven for Lhe refusal Lo slgn
requlre re[ecLlon of Lhe deposlLlon ln whole or ln parLŦ (19aţ 824)
Sect|on 20Ŧ cettlflcotlooţ ooJ fllloq by offlcetŦ Ÿ 1he offlcer shall cerLlfy on Lhe deposlLlon LhaL Lhe wlLness was duly sworn Lo by hlm
and LhaL Lhe deposlLlon ls a Lrue record of Lhe LesLlmony glven by Lhe wlLnessŦ Pe shall Lhen securely seal Lhe deposlLlon ln an
envelope lndorsed wlLh Lhe LlLle of Lhe acLlon and marked ƍueposlLlon of (here lnserL Lhe name of wlLness)ƍ and shall prompLly flle lL
wlLh Lhe courL ln whlch Lhe acLlon ls pendlng or send lL by reglsLered mall Lo Lhe clerk Lhereof for flllngŦ (20ţ 824)
Sect|on 21Ŧ Notlce of fllloqŦ Ÿ 1he offlcer Laklng Lhe deposlLlon shall glve prompL noLlce of lLs flllng Lo all Lhe parLlesŦ (21ţ 824)
Sect|on 22Ŧ lotolsbloq coplesŦ Ÿ upon paymenL of reasonable charges Lhereforţ Lhe offlcer shall furnlsh a copy of Lhe deposlLlon Lo
any parLy or Lo Lhe deponenLŦ (22ţ 824)
Sect|on 23Ŧ lollote to otteoJ of potty qlvloq ootlceŦ Ÿ lf Lhe parLy glvlng Lhe noLlce of Lhe Laklng of a deposlLlon falls Lo aLLend and
proceed LherewlLh and anoLher aLLends ln person or by counsel pursuanL Lo Lhe noLlceţ Lhe courL may order Lhe parLy glvlng Lhe
noLlce Lo pay such oLher parLy Lhe amounL of Lhe reasonable expenses lncurred by hlm and hls counsel ln so aLLendlngţ lncludlng
reasonable aLLorneyƌs feesŦ (23aţ 824)
Sect|on 24Ŧ lollote of potty qlvloq ootlce to setve sobpoeooŦ Ÿ lf Lhe parLy glvlng Lhe noLlce of Lhe Laklng of a deposlLlon of a wlLness
falls Lo serve a subpoena upon hlm and Lhe wlLness because of such fallure does noL aLLendţ and lf anoLher parLy aLLends ln person
or by counsel because he expecLs Lhe deposlLlon of LhaL wlLness Lo be Lakenţ Lhe courL may order Lhe parLy glvlng Lhe noLlce Lo pay
Lo such oLher parLy Lhe amounL of Lhe reasonable expenses lncurred by hlm and hls counsel ln so aLLendlngţ lncludlng reasonable
aLLorneyƌs feesŦ (24aţ 824)
Sect|on 2SŦ ueposltloo opoo wtltteo lotettoqototlesŤ setvlce of ootlce ooJ of lotettoqototlesŦ Ÿ A parLy deslrlng Lo Lake Lhe
deposlLlon of any person upon wrlLLen lnLerrogaLorles shall serve Lhem upon every oLher parLy wlLh a noLlce sLaLlng Lhe name and
address of Lhe person who ls Lo answer Lhem and Lhe name or descrlpLlve LlLle and address of Lhe offlcer before whom Lhe
deposlLlon ls Lo be LakenŦ WlLhln Len (10) days LhereafLerţ a parLy so served may serve crossŴlnLerrogaLorles upon Lhe parLy
proposlng Lo Lake Lhe deposlLlonŦ WlLhln flve (3) days LhereafLerţ Lhe laLLer may serve reŴdlrecL lnLerrogaLorles upon a parLy who has
served crossŴlnLerrogaLorlesŦ WlLhln Lhree (3) days afLer belng served wlLh reŴdlrecL lnLerrogaLorlesţ a parLy may serve recrossŴ
lnLerrogaLorles upon Lhe parLy proposlng Lo Lake Lhe deposlLlonŦ (23ţ 824)
Sect|on 26Ŧ Offlcets to toke tespooses ooJ ptepote tecotJŦ Ÿ A copy of Lhe noLlce and coples of all lnLerrogaLorles served shall be
dellvered by Lhe parLy Laklng Lhe deposlLlon Lo Lhe offlcer deslgnaLed ln Lhe noLlceţ who shall proceed prompLlyţ ln Lhe manner
provlded by secLlons 17ţ 19 and 20 of Lhls 8uleţ Lo Lake Lhe LesLlmony of Lhe wlLness ln response Lo Lhe lnLerrogaLorles and Lo
prepareţ cerLlfyţ and flle or mall Lhe deposlLlonţ aLLachlng LhereLo Lhe copy of Lhe noLlce and Lhe lnLerrogaLorles recelved by hlmŦ
(26ţ 824)
Sect|on 27Ŧ Notlce of fllloq ooJ fotolsbloq coplesŦ Ÿ When a deposlLlon upon lnLerrogaLorles ls flledţ Lhe offlcer Laklng lL shall
prompLly glve noLlce Lhereof Lo all Lhe parLlesţ and may furnlsh coples Lo Lhem or Lo Lhe deponenL upon paymenL of reasonable
charges LhereforŦ (27ţ 824)
Sect|on 28Ŧ OtJet fot tbe ptotectloo of pottles ooJ JepooeotsŦ Ÿ AfLer Lhe servlce of Lhe lnLerrogaLorles and prlor Lo Lhe Laklng of
Lhe LesLlmony of Lhe deponenLţ Lhe courL ln whlch Lhe acLlon ls pendlngţ on moLlon prompLly made by a parLy or a deponenLţ and for
good cause shownţ may make any order speclfled ln secLlons 13ţ 16 and 18 of Lhls 8ule whlch ls approprlaLe and [usL or an order LhaL
Lhe deposlLlon shall noL be Laken before Lhe offlcer deslgnaLed ln Lhe noLlce or LhaL lL shall noL be Laken excepL upon oral
examlnaLlonŦ (28aţ 824)
Sect|on 29Ŧ íffect of ettots ooJ ltteqolotltles lo JeposltloosŦ Ÿ
(a) As to ootlceŦ Ÿ All errors and lrregularlLles ln Lhe noLlce for Laklng a deposlLlon are walved unless wrlLLen ob[ecLlon ls
prompLly served upon Lhe parLy glvlng Lhe noLlceŦ
(b) As to Jlspoollflcotloo of offlcetŦ Ÿ Cb[ecLlon Lo Laklng a deposlLlon because of dlsquallflcaLlon of Lhe offlcer before
whom lL ls Lo be Laken ls walved unless made before Lhe Laklng of Lhe deposlLlon beglns or as soon LhereafLer as Lhe
dlsquallflcaLlon becomes known or could be dlscovered wlLh reasonable dlllgenceŦ
(c) As to competeocy ot televoocy of evlJeoceŦ Ÿ Cb[ecLlons Lo Lhe compeLency of wlLness or Lhe compeLencyţ relevancyţ
or maLerlallLy of LesLlmony are noL walved by fallure Lo make Lhem before or durlng Lhe Laklng of Lhe deposlLlonţ unless
Lhe groundţ of Lhe ob[ecLlon ls one whlch mlghL have been obvlaLed or removed lf presenLed aL LhaL LlmeŦ
(d) As to otol exomlootloo ooJ otbet pottlcolotsŦ Ÿ Lrrors and lrregularlLles occurrlng aL Lhe oral examlnaLlon ln Lhe
manner of Laklng Lhe deposlLlon ln Lhe form of Lhe quesLlons or answersţ ln Lhe oaLh or afflrmaLlonţ or ln Lhe conducL of
Lhe parLles and errors of any klnd whlch mlghL be obvlaLedţ removedţ or cured lf prompLly prosecuLedţ are walved unless
reasonable ob[ecLlon LhereLo ls made aL Lhe Laklng of Lhe deposlLlonŦ
(e) As to fotm of wtltteo lotettoqototlesŦ Ÿ Cb[ecLlons Lo Lhe form of wrlLLen lnLerrogaLorles submlLLed under secLlons 23
and 26 of Lhls 8ule are walved unless served ln wrlLlng upon Lhe parLy propoundlng Lhem wlLhln Lhe Llme allowed for
servlng succeedlng cross or oLher lnLerrogaLorles and wlLhln Lhree (3) days afLer servlce of Lhe lasL lnLerrogaLorles
auLhorlzedŦ
(f) As to moooet of ptepototlooŦ Ÿ Lrrors and lrregularlLles ln Lhe manner ln whlch Lhe LesLlmony ls Lranscrlbed or Lhe
deposlLlon ls preparedţ slgnedţ cerLlfledţ sealedţ lndorsedţ LransmlLLedţ flledţ or oLherwlse dealL wlLh by Lhe offlcer under
secLlons 17ţ 19ţ 20 and 26 of Lhls 8ule are walved unless a moLlon Lo suppress Lhe deposlLlon or some parL Lhereof ls
made wlLh reasonable prompLness afLer such defecL lsţ or wlLh due dlllgence mlghL have beenţ ascerLalnedŦ (29aţ 824)

kULL 24
Depos|t|ons 8efore Act|on or Þend|ng Appea|
Sect|on 1Ŧ ueposltloos befote octlooŤ petltlooŦ Ÿ A person who deslres Lo perpeLuaLe hls own LesLlmony or LhaL of anoLher person
regardlng any maLLer LhaL may be cognlzable ln any courL of Lhe Þhlllpplnes may flle a verlfled peLlLlon ln Lhe courL of Lhe place of
Lhe resldence of any expecLed adverse parLyŦ (1a 8134)
Sect|on 2Ŧ cooteots of petltlooŦ Ÿ 1he peLlLlon shall be enLlLled ln Lhe name of Lhe peLlLloner and shall showť (a) LhaL Lhe peLlLloner
expecLs Lo be a parLy Lo an acLlon ln a courL of Lhe Þhlllpplnes buL ls presenLly unable Lo brlng lL or cause lL Lo be broughLŤ (b) Lhe
sub[ecL maLLer of Lhe expecLed acLlon and hls lnLeresL LherelnŤ (c) Lhe facLs whlch he deslres Lo esLabllsh by Lhe proposed LesLlmony
and hls reasons for deslrlng Lo perpeLuaLe lLŤ (d) Lhe names or a descrlpLlon of Lhe persons he expecLs wlll be adverse parLles and
Lhelr addresses so far as knownŤ and (e) Lhe names and addresses of Lhe persons Lo be examlned and Lhe subsLance of Lhe LesLlmony
whlch he expecLs Lo ellclL from eachţ and shall ask for an order auLhorlzlng Lhe peLlLloner Lo Lake Lhe deposlLlons of Lhe persons Lo
be examlned named ln Lhe peLlLlon for Lhe purpose of perpeLuaLlng Lhelr LesLlmonyŦ (2ţ 8134)
Sect|on 3Ŧ Notlce ooJ setvlceŦ Ÿ 1he peLlLloner shall serve a noLlce upon each person named ln Lhe peLlLlon as an expecLed adverse
parLyţ LogeLher wlLh a copy of Lhe peLlLlonţ sLaLlng LhaL Lhe peLlLloner wlll apply Lo Lhe courLţ aL a Llme and place named Lherelnţ for
Lhe order descrlbed ln Lhe peLlLlonŦ AL leasL LwenLy (20) days before Lhe daLe of Lhe hearlngţ Lhe courL shall cause noLlce Lhereof Lo
be served on Lhe parLles and prospecLlve deponenLs ln Lhe manner provlded for servlce of summonsŦ (3aţ 8134)
Sect|on 4Ŧ OtJet ooJ exomlootlooŦ Ÿ lf Lhe courL ls saLlsfled LhaL Lhe perpeLuaLlon of Lhe LesLlmony may prevenL a fallure or delay of
[usLlceţ lL shall make an order deslgnaLlng or descrlblng Lhe persons whose deposlLlon may be Laken and speclfylng Lhe sub[ecL
maLLer of Lhe examlnaLlon and wheLher Lhe deposlLlons shall be Laken upon oral examlnaLlon or wrlLLen lnLerrogaLorlesŦ 1he
deposlLlons may be Laken ln accordance wlLh 8ule 23 before Lhe hearlngŦ (4aţ 8134)
Sect|on SŦ kefeteoce to coottŦ Ÿ lor Lhe purpose of applylng 8ule 23 Lo deposlLlons for perpeLuaLlng LesLlmonyţ each reference
Lhereln Lo Lhe courL ln whlch Lhe acLlon ls pendlng shall be deemed Lo refer Lo Lhe courL ln whlch Lhe peLlLlon for such deposlLlon
was flledŦ (3aţ 8134)
Sect|on 6Ŧ use of JeposltlooŦ Ÿ lf a deposlLlon Lo perpeLuaLe LesLlmony ls Laken under Lhls 8uleţ or lfţ alLhough noL so Lakenţ lL would
be admlsslble ln evldenceţ lL may be used ln any acLlon lnvolvlng Lhe same sub[ecL maLLer subŴsequenLly broughL ln accordance wlLh
Lhe provlslons of secLlons 4 and 3 of 8ule 23Ŧ (6aţ 8134)
Sect|on 7Ŧ ueposltloos peoJloq oppeolŦ Ÿ lf an appeal has been Laken from a [udgmenL of a courLţ lncludlng Lhe CourL of Appeals ln
proper casesţ or before Lhe Laklng of an appeal lf Lhe Llme Lherefor has noL explredţ Lhe courL ln whlch Lhe [udgmenL was rendered
may allow Lhe Laklng of deposlLlons of wlLnesses Lo perpeLuaLe Lhelr LesLlmony for ln Lhe evenL of furLher proceedlngs ln Lhe sald
courLŦ ln such case Lhe parLy who deslres Lo perpeLuaLe Lhe LesLlmony may make a moLlon ln Lhe sald courL for leave Lo Lake Lhe
deposlLlonsţ upon Lhe same noLlce and servlce Lhereof as lf Lhe acLlon was pendlng LherelnŦ 1he moLlon shall sLaLe (a) Lhe names and
addresses of Lhe persons Lo be examlned and Lhe subsLance of Lhe LesLlmony whlch he expecLs Lo ellclL from eachţ and (b) Lhe
reason for perpeLuaLlng Lhelr LesLlmonyŦ lf Lhe courL flnds LhaL Lhe perpeLuaLlon of Lhe LesLlmony ls proper Lo avold a fallure or delay
of [usLlceţ lL may make an order allowlng Lhe deposlLlon Lo be Lakenţ and Lhereupon Lhe deposlLlons may be Laken and used ln Lhe
same manner and under Lhe same condlLlons as are prescrlbed ln Lhese 8ules for deposlLlons Laken ln pendlng acLlonsŦ (7aţ 8134)

kULL 2S
Interrogator|es to Þart|es
Sect|on 1Ŧ lotettoqototles to pottlesŤ setvlce tbeteofŦ Ÿ under Lhe same condlLlons speclfled ln secLlon 1 of 8ule 23ţ any parLy
deslrlng Lo ellclL maLerlal and relevanL facLs from any adverse parLles shall flle and serve upon Lhe laLLer wrlLLen lnLerrogaLorles Lo be
answered by Lhe parLy served orţ lf Lhe parLy served ls a publlc or prlvaLe corporaLlon or a parLnershlp or assoclaLlonţ by any offlcer
Lhereof compeLenL Lo LesLlfy ln lLs behalfŦ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ Aoswet to lotettoqototlesŦ Ÿ 1he lnLerrogaLorles shall be answered fully ln wrlLlng and shall be slgned and sworn Lo by Lhe
person maklng LhemŦ 1he parLy upon whom Lhe lnLerrogaLorles have been served shall flle and serve a copy of Lhe answers on Lhe
parLy submlLLlng Lhe lnLerrogaLorles wlLhln flfLeen (13) days afLer servlce Lhereof unless Lhe courL on moLlon and for good cause
shownţ exLends or shorLens Lhe LlmeŦ (2a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ Objectloos to lotettoqototlesŦ Ÿ Cb[ecLlons Lo any lnLerrogaLorles may be presenLed Lo Lhe courL wlLhln Len (10) days
afLer servlce Lhereofţ wlLh noLlce as ln case of a moLlonŤ and answers shall be deferred unLll Lhe ob[ecLlons are resolvedţ whlch shall
be aL as early a Llme as ls pracLlcableŦ (3a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ Nombet of lotettoqototlesŦ Ÿ no parLy mayţ wlLhouL leave of courLţ serve more Lhan one seL of lnLerrogaLorles Lo be
answered by Lhe same parLyŦ (4)
Sect|on SŦ 5cope ooJ ose of lotettoqototlesŦ Ÿ lnLerrogaLorles may relaLe Lo any maLLers LhaL can be lnqulred lnLo under secLlon 2 of
8ule 23ţ and Lhe answers may be used for Lhe same purposes provlded ln secLlon 4 of Lhe same 8uleŦ (3a)
Sect|on 6Ŧ íffect of follote to setve wtltteo lotettoqototlesŦ Ÿ unless LhereafLer allowed by Lhe courL for good cause shown and Lo
prevenL a fallure of [usLlceţ a parLy noL served wlLh wrlLLen lnLerrogaLorles may noL be compelled by Lhe adverse parLy Lo glve
LesLlmony ln open courLţ or Lo glve a deposlLlon pendlng appealŦ (n)

kULL 26
Adm|ss|on by Adverse Þarty
Sect|on 1Ŧ kepoest fot oJmlsslooŦ Ÿ AL any Llme afLer lssues have been [olnedţ a parLy may flle and serve upon any oLher parLy may
flle and serve upon any oLher parLy a wrlLLen requesL for Lhe admlsslon by Lhe laLLer of Lhe genulneness of any maLerlal and relevanL
documenL descrlbed ln and exhlblLed wlLh Lhe requesL or of Lhe LruLh of any maLerlal and relevanL maLLer of facL seL forLh ln Lhe
requesLŦ Coples of Lhe documenLs shall be dellvered wlLh Lhe requesL unless copy have already been furnlshedŦ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ lmplleJ oJmlsslooŦ Ÿ Lach of Lhe maLLers of whlch an admlsslon ls requesLed shall be deemed admlLLed unlessţ wlLhln a
perlod deslgnaLed ln Lhe requesLţ whlch shall noL be less Lhan flfLeen (13) days afLer servlce Lhereofţ or wlLhln such furLher Llme as
Lhe courL may allow on moLlonţ Lhe parLy Lo whom Lhe requesL ls dlrecLed flles and serves upon Lhe parLy requesLlng Lhe admlsslon a
sworn sLaLemenL elLher denylng speclflcally Lhe maLLers of whlch an admlsslon ls requesLed or seLLlng forLh ln deLall Lhe reasons why
he cannoL LruLhfully elLher admlL or deny Lhose maLLersŦ
Cb[ecLlons Lo any requesL for admlsslon shall be submlLLed Lo Lhe courL by Lhe parLy requesLed wlLhln Lhe perlod for and prlor Lo Lhe
flllng of hls sworn sLaLemenL as conLemplaLed ln Lhe precedlng paragraph and hls compllance LherewlLh shall be deferred unLll such
ob[ecLlons are resolvedţ whlch resoluLlon shall be made as early as pracLlcableŦ (2a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ íffect of oJmlsslooŦ Ÿ Any admlsslon made by a parLy pursuanL Lo such requesL ls for Lhe purpose of Lhe pendlng acLlon
only and shall noL consLlLuLe an admlsslon by hlm for any oLher purpose nor may Lhe same be used agalnsL hlm ln any oLher
proceedlngŦ (3)
Sect|on 4Ŧ wltbJtowolŦ Ÿ 1he courL may allow Lhe parLy maklng an admlsslon under Lhe 8uleţ wheLher express or lmplledţ Lo
wlLhdraw or amend lL upon such Lerms as may be [usLŦ (4)
Sect|on SŦ íffect of follote to flle ooJ setve tepoest fot oJmlsslooŦ Ÿ unless oLherwlse allowed by Lhe courL for good cause shown
and Lo prevenL a fallure of [usLlce a parLy who falls Lo flle and serve a requesL for admlsslon on Lhe adverse parLy of maLerlal and
relevanL facLs aL lssue whlch areţ or oughL Lo beţ wlLhln Lhe personal knowledge of Lhe laLLerţ shall noL be permlLLed Lo presenL
evldence on such facLsŦ (n)

kULL 27
Þroduct|on or Inspect|on of Documents or 1h|ngs
Sect|on 1Ŧ Motloo fot ptoJoctloo ot lospectlooŤ otJetŦ Ÿ upon moLlon of any parLy showlng good cause Lhereforţ Lhe courL ln whlch
an acLlon ls pendlng may (a) order any parLy Lo produce and permlL Lhe lnspecLlon and copylng or phoLographlngţ by or on behalf of
Lhe movlng parLyţ of any deslgnaLed documenLsţ papersţ booksţ accounLsţ leLLersţ phoLographsţ ob[ecLs or Langlble Lhlngsţ noL
prlvllegedţ whlch consLlLuLe or conLaln evldence maLerlal Lo any maLLer lnvolved ln Lhe acLlon and whlch are ln hls possesslonţ
cusLody or conLrolţ or (b) order any parLy Lo permlL enLry upon deslgnaLed land or oLher properLy ln hls possesslon or conLrol for Lhe
purpose of lnspecLlngţ measurlngţ surveylngţ or phoLographlng Lhe properLy or any deslgnaLed relevanL ob[ecL or operaLlon LhereonŦ
1he order shall speclfy Lhe Llmeţ place and manner of maklng Lhe lnspecLlon and Laklng coples and phoLographsţ and may prescrlbe
such Lerms and condlLlons as are [usLŦ (1a)

kULL 28
Þhys|ca| and Menta| Lxam|nat|on of Þersons
Sect|on 1Ŧ wbeo exomlootloo moy be otJeteJŦ Ÿ ln an acLlon ln whlch Lhe menLal or physlcal condlLlon of a parLy ls ln conLroversyţ
Lhe courL ln whlch Lhe acLlon ls pendlng may ln lLs dlscreLlon order hlm Lo submlL Lo a physlcal or menLal examlnaLlon by a physlclanŦ
(1)
Sect|on 2Ŧ OtJet fot exomlootlooŦ Ÿ 1he order for examlnaLlon may be made only on moLlon for good cause shown and upon noLlce
Lo Lhe parLy Lo be examlned and Lo all oLher parLlesţ and shall speclfy Lhe Llmeţ placeţ mannerţ condlLlons and scope of Lhe
examlnaLlon and Lhe person or persons by whom lL ls Lo be madeŦ (2)
Sect|on 3Ŧ kepott of floJloqsŦ Ÿ lf requesLed by Lhe parLy examlnedţ Lhe parLy causlng Lhe examlnaLlon Lo be made shall dellver Lo
hlm a copy of a deLalled wrlLLen reporL of Lhe examlnlng physlclan seLLlng ouL hls flndlngs and concluslonsŦ AfLer such requesL and
dellveryţ Lhe parLy causlng Lhe examlnaLlon Lo be made shall be enLlLled upon requesL Lo recelve from Lhe parLy examlned a llke
reporL of any examlnaLlonţ prevlously or LhereafLer madeţ of Lhe same menLal or physlcal condlLlonŦ lf Lhe parLy examlned refuses Lo
dellver such reporLţ Lhe courL on moLlon and noLlce may make an order requlrlng dellvery on such Lerms as are [usLţ and lf a
physlclan falls or refuses Lo make such a reporL Lhe courL may exclude hls LesLlmony lf offered aL Lhe LrlalŦ (3a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ wolvet of ptlvlleqeŦ Ÿ 8y requesLlng and obLalnlng a reporL of Lhe examlnaLlon so ordered or by Laklng Lhe deposlLlon of
Lhe examlnerţ Lhe parLy examlned walves any prlvllege he may have ln LhaL acLlon or any oLher lnvolvlng Lhe same conLroversyţ
regardlng Lhe LesLlmony of every oLher person who has examlned or may LhereafLer examlne hlm ln respecL of Lhe same menLal or
physlcal examlnaLlonŦ (4)

kULL 29
kefusa| to Comp|y w|th Modes of D|scovery
Sect|on 1Ŧ kefosol to ooswetŦ Ÿ lf a parLy or oLher deponenL refuses Lo answer any quesLlon upon oral examlnaLlonţ Lhe examlnaLlon
may be compleLed on oLher maLLers or ad[ourned as Lhe proponenL of Lhe quesLlon may preferŦ 1he proponenL may LhereafLer apply
Lo Lhe proper courL of Lhe place where Lhe deposlLlon ls belng Lakenţ for an order Lo compel an answerŦ 1he same procedure may be
avalled of when a parLy or a wlLness refuses Lo answer any lnLerrogaLory submlLLed under 8ules 23 or 23Ŧ
lf Lhe appllcaLlon ls granLedţ Lhe courL shall requlre Lhe refuslng parLy or deponenL Lo answer Lhe quesLlon or lnLerrogaLory and lf lL
also flnds LhaL Lhe refusal Lo answer was wlLhouL subsLanLlal [usLlflcaLlonţ lL may requlre Lhe refuslng parLy or deponenL or Lhe
counsel advlslng Lhe refusalţ or boLh of Lhemţ Lo pay Lhe proponenL Lhe amounL of Lhe reasonable expenses lncurred ln obLalnlng Lhe
orderţ lncludlng aLLorneyƌs feesŦ
lf Lhe appllcaLlon ls denled and Lhe courL flnds LhaL lL was flled wlLhouL subsLanLlal [usLlflcaLlonţ Lhe courL may requlre Lhe proponenL
or Lhe counsel advlslng Lhe flllng of Lhe appllcaLlonţ or boLh of Lhemţ Lo pay Lo Lhe refuslng parLy or deponenL Lhe amounL of Lhe
reasonable expenses lncurred ln opposlng Lhe appllcaLlonţ lncludlng aLLorneyƌs feesŦ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ cootempt of coottŦ Ÿ lf a parLy or oLher wlLness refuses Lo be sworn or refuses Lo answer any quesLlon afLer belng
dlrecLed Lo do so by Lhe courL of Lhe place ln whlch Lhe deposlLlon ls belng Lakenţ Lhe refusal may be consldered a conLempL of LhaL
courLŦ (2a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ Otbet coosepoeocesŦ Ÿ lf any parLy or an offlcer or managlng agenL of a parLy refuses Lo obey an order made under
secLlon 1 of Lhls 8ule requlrlng hlm Lo answer deslgnaLed quesLlonsţ or an order under 8ule 27 Lo produce any documenL or oLher
Lhlng for lnspecLlonţ copylngţ or phoLographlng or Lo permlL lL Lo be doneţ or Lo permlL enLry upon land or oLher properLy or an order
made under 8ule 28 requlrlng hlm Lo submlL Lo a physlcal or menLal examlnaLlonţ Lhe courL may make such orders ln regard Lo Lhe
refusal as are [usLţ and among oLhers Lhe followlngť
(a) An order LhaL Lhe maLLers regardlng whlch Lhe quesLlons were askedţ or Lhe characLer or descrlpLlon of Lhe Lhlng or
landţ or Lhe conLenLs of Lhe paperţ or Lhe physlcal or menLal condlLlon of Lhe parLyţ or any oLher deslgnaLed facLs shall be
Laken Lo be esLabllshed for Lhe purposes of Lhe acLlon ln accordance wlLh Lhe clalm of Lhe parLy obLalnlng Lhe orderŤ
(b) An order refuslng Lo allow Lhe dlsobedlenL parLy Lo supporL or oppose deslgnaLed clalms or defenses or prohlblLlng
hlm from lnLroduclng ln evldence deslgnaLed documenLs or Lhlngs or lLems of LesLlmonyţ or from lnLroduclng evldence of
physlcal or menLal condlLlonŤ
(c) An order sLrlklng ouL pleadlngs or parLs Lhereofţ or sLaylng furLher proceedlngs unLll Lhe order ls obeyedţ or dlsmlsslng
Lhe acLlon or proceedlng or any parL Lhereofţ or renderlng a [udgmenL by defaulL agalnsL Lhe dlsobedlenL parLyŤ and
(d) ln lleu of any of Lhe foregolng orders or ln addlLlon LhereLoţ an order dlrecLlng Lhe arresL of any parLy or agenL of a
parLy for dlsobeylng any of such orders excepL an order Lo submlL Lo a physlcal or menLal examlnaLlonŦ (3a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ íxpeoses oo tefosol to oJmltŦ Ÿ lf a parLy afLer belng served wlLh a requesL under 8ule 26 Lo admlL Lhe genulneness of
any documenL or Lhe LruLh of any maLLer of facL serves a sworn denlal Lhereof and lf Lhe parLy requesLlng Lhe admlsslons LhereafLer
proves Lhe genulneness of such documenL or Lhe LruLh of any such maLLer of facLţ he may apply Lo Lhe courL for an order requlrlng
Lhe oLher parLy Lo pay hlm Lhe reasonable expenses lncurred ln maklng such proofţ lncludlng aLLorneyƌs feesŦ unless Lhe courL flnds
LhaL Lhere were good reasons for Lhe denlal or LhaL admlsslons soughL were of no subsLanLlal lmporLanceţ such order shall be lssuedŦ
(4a)
Sect|on SŦ lollote of potty to otteoJ ot setve ooswetsŦ Ÿ lf a parLy or an offlcer or managlng agenL of a parLy wllfully falls Lo appear
before Lhe offlcer who ls Lo Lake hls deposlLlonţ afLer belng served wlLh a proper noLlceţ or falls Lo serve answers Lo lnLerrogaLorles
submlLLed under 8ule 23 afLer proper servlce of such lnLerrogaLorlesţ Lhe courL on moLlon and noLlceţ may sLrlke ouL all or any parL
of any pleadlng of LhaL parLyţ or dlsmlss Lhe acLlon or proceedlng or any parL Lhereofţ or enLer a [udgmenL by defaulL agalnsL LhaL
parLyţ and ln lLs dlscreLlonţ order hlm Lo pay reasonable expenses lncurred by Lhe oLherţ lncludlng aLLorneyƌs feesŦ (3)
Sect|on 6Ŧ íxpeoses oqolost tbe kepobllc of tbe lblllpploesŦ Ÿ Lxpenses and aLLorneyƌs fees are noL Lo be lmposed upon Lhe 8epubllc
of Lhe Þhlllpplnes under Lhls 8uleŦ (6)

kULL 30
1r|a|
Sect|on 1Ŧ Notlce of 1tlolŦ Ÿ upon enLry of a case ln Lhe Lrlal calendarţ Lhe clerk shall noLlfy Lhe parLles of Lhe daLe of lLs Lrlal ln such
manner as shall ensure hls recelpL of LhaL noLlce aL leasL flve (3) days before such daLeŦ (2aţ 822)
Sect|on 2Ŧ AJjootomeots ooJ postpooemeotsŦ Ÿ A courL may ad[ourn a Lrlal from day Lo dayţ and Lo any sLaLed Llmeţ as Lhe
expedlLlous and convenlenL LransacLlon of buslness may requlreţ buL shall have no power Lo ad[ourn a Lrlal for a longer perlod Lhan
one monLh for each ad[ournmenL nor more Lhan Lhree monLhs ln allţ excepL when auLhorlzed ln wrlLlng by Lhe CourL AdmlnlsLraLorţ
Supreme CourLŦ (3aţ 822)
Sect|on 3Ŧ kepolsltes of motloo to postpooe ttlol fot obseoce of evlJeoceŦ Ÿ A moLlon Lo posLpone a Lrlal on Lhe ground of absence
of evldence can be granLed only upon affldavlL showlng Lhe maLerlallLy or relevancy of such evldenceţ and LhaL due dlllgence has
been used Lo procure lLŦ 8uL lf Lhe adverse parLy admlLs Lhe facLs Lo be glven ln evldenceţ even lf he ob[ecLs or reserves Lhe rlghL Lo
ob[ecL Lo Lhelr admlsslblllLyţ Lhe Lrlal shall noL be posLponedŦ (4aţ 822Ť 8ar MaLLer noŦ 803ţ 21 !uly 1998)
Sect|on 4Ŧ kepolsltes of motloo to postpooe ttlol fot llloess of potty ot coooselŦ Ÿ A moLlon Lo posLpone a Lrlal on Lhe ground of
lllness of a parLy or counsel may be granLed lf lL appears upon affldavlL or sworn cerLlflcaLlon LhaL Lhe presence of such parLy or
counsel aL Lhe Lrlal ls lndlspensable and LhaL Lhe characLer of hls lllness ls such as Lo render hls nonŴaLLendance excusableŦ (3aţ 822)
Sect|on SŦ OtJet of ttlolŦ Ÿ Sub[ecL Lo Lhe provlslons of secLlon 2 of 8ule 31ţ and unless Lhe courL for speclal reasons oLherwlse
dlrecLsţ Lhe Lrlal shall be llmlLed Lo Lhe lssues sLaLed ln Lhe preŴLrlal order and shall proceed as followsť
(a) 1he plalnLlff shall adduce evldence ln supporL of hls complalnLŤ
(b) 1he defendanL shall Lhen adduce evldence ln supporL of hls defenseţ counLerclalmţ crossŴclalm and LhlrdŴparLy
complalnLsŤ
(c) 1he LhlrdŴparLy defendanL lf anyţ shall adduce evldence of hls defenseţ counLerclalmţ crossŴclalm and fourLhŴparLy
complalnLŤ
(d) 1he fourLhŴparLyţ and so forLhţ lf anyţ shall adduce evldence of Lhe maLerlal facLs pleaded by LhemŤ
(e) 1he parLles agalnsL whom any counLerclalm or crossŴclalm has been pleadedţ shall adduce evldence ln supporL of Lhelr
defenseţ ln Lhe order Lo be prescrlbed by Lhe courLŤ
(f) 1he parLles may Lhen respecLlvely adduce rebuLLlng evldence onlyţ unless Lhe courLţ for good reasons and ln Lhe
furLherance of [usLlceţ permlLs Lhem Lo adduce evldence upon Lhelr orlglnal caseŤ and
(g) upon admlsslon of Lhe evldenceţ Lhe case shall be deemed submlLLed for declslonţ unless Lhe courL dlrecLs Lhe parLles
Lo argue or Lo submlL Lhelr respecLlve memoranda or any furLher pleadlngsŦ
lf several defendanLs or LhlrdŴparLy defendanLsţ and so forLhţ havlng separaLe defenses appear by dlfferenL counselţ Lhe courL shall
deLermlne Lhe relaLlve order of presenLaLlon of Lhelr evldenceŦ (1aţ 830)
Sect|on 6Ŧ AqteeJ stotemeot of foctsŦ Ÿ 1he parLles Lo any acLlon may agreeţ ln wrlLlngţ upon Lhe facLs lnvolved ln Lhe llLlgaLlonţ and
submlL Lhe case for [udgmenL on Lhe facLs agreed uponţ wlLhouL Lhe lnLroducLlon of evldenceŦ
lf Lhe parLles agree only on some of Lhe facLs ln lssueţ Lhe Lrlal shall be held as Lo Lhe dlspuLed facLs ln such order as Lhe courL shall
prescrlbeŦ (2aţ 830)
Sect|on 7Ŧ 5totemeot of joJqeŦ Ÿ uurlng Lhe hearlng or Lrlal of a case any sLaLemenL made by Lhe [udge wlLh reference Lo Lhe caseţ
or Lo any of Lhe parLlesţ wlLnesses or counselţ shall be made of record ln Lhe sLenographlc noLesŦ (3aţ 830)
Sect|on 8Ŧ 5ospeosloo of octloosŦ Ÿ 1he suspenslon of acLlons shall be governed by Lhe provlslons of Lhe Clvll CodeŦ (n)
Sect|on 9Ŧ IoJqe to tecelve evlJeoceŤ Jeleqotloo to cletk of coottŦ Ÿ 1he [udge of Lhe courL where Lhe case ls pendlng shall personally
recelve Lhe evldence Lo be adduced by Lhe parLlesŦ Poweverţ ln defaulL or ex potte hearlngsţ and ln any case where Lhe parLles agree
ln wrlLlngţ Lhe courL may delegaLe Lhe recepLlon of evldence Lo lLs clerk of courL who ls a member of Lhe barŦ 1he clerk of courL shall
have no power Lo rule on ob[ecLlons Lo any quesLlon or Lo Lhe admlsslon of exhlblLsţ whlch ob[ecLlons shall be resolved by Lhe courL
upon submlsslon of hls reporL and Lhe LranscrlpLs wlLhln Len (10) days from LermlnaLlon of Lhe hearlngŦ (n)

kULL 31
Conso||dat|on or Severance
Sect|on 1Ŧ coosollJotlooŦ Ÿ When acLlons lnvolvlng a common quesLlon of law or facL are pendlng before Lhe courLţ lL may order a
[olnL hearlng or Lrlal of any or all Lhe maLLers ln lssue ln Lhe acLlonsŤ lL may order all Lhe acLlons consolldaLedţ and lL may make such
orders concernlng proceedlngs Lhereln as may Lend Lo avold unnecessary cosLs or delayŦ (1)
Sect|on 2Ŧ 5epotote ttlolsŦ Ÿ 1he courLţ ln furLherance of convenlence or Lo avold pre[udlceţ may order a separaLe Lrlal of any clalmţ
crossŴclalmţ counLerclalmţ or LhlrdŴparLy complalnLţ or of any separaLe lssue or of any number of clalmsţ crossŴclalmsţ counLerclalmsţ
LhlrdŴparLy complalnLs or lssuesŦ (2a)

kULL 32
1r|a| by Comm|ss|oner
Sect|on 1Ŧ kefeteoce by cooseotŦ Ÿ 8y wrlLLen consenL of boLh parLlesţ Lhe courL may order any or all of Lhe lssues ln a case Lo be
referred Lo a commlssloner Lo be agreed upon by Lhe parLles or Lo be appolnLed by Lhe courLŦ As used ln Lhese 8ulesţ Lhe word
ƍcommlsslonerƍ lncludes a refereeţ an audlLor and an examlnerŦ (1aţ 833)
Sect|on 2Ŧ kefeteoce otJeteJ oo motlooŦ Ÿ When Lhe parLles do noL consenLţ Lhe courL mayţ upon Lhe appllcaLlon of elLher or of lLs
own moLlonţ dlrecL a reference Lo a commlssloner ln Lhe followlng casesť
(a) When Lhe Lrlal of an lssue of facL requlres Lhe examlnaLlon of a long accounL on elLher sldeţ ln whlch case Lhe
commlssloner may be dlrecLed Lo hear and reporL upon Lhe whole lssue or any speclflc quesLlon lnvolved LherelnŤ
(b) When Lhe Laklng of an accounL ls necessary for Lhe lnformaLlon of Lhe courL before [udgmenLţ or for carrylng a
[udgmenL or order lnLo effecLŦ
(c) When a quesLlon of facLţ oLher Lhan upon Lhe pleadlngsţ arlses upon moLlon or oLherwlseţ ln any sLage of a caseţ or for
carrylng a [udgmenL or order lnLo effecLŦ (2aţ 833)
Sect|on 3Ŧ OtJet of tefeteoceŤ powets of tbe commlsslooetŦ Ÿ When a reference ls madeţ Lhe clerk shall forLhwlLh furnlsh Lhe
commlssloner wlLh a copy of Lhe order of referenceŦ 1he order may speclfy or llmlL Lhe powers of Lhe commlsslonerţ and may dlrecL
hlm Lo reporL only upon parLlcular lssuesţ or Lo do or perform parLlcular acLsţ or Lo recelve and reporL evldence only and may flx Lhe
daLe for beglnnlng and closlng Lhe hearlngs and for Lhe flllng of hls reporLŦ Sub[ecL Lo oLher speclflcaLlons and llmlLaLlons sLaLed ln
Lhe orderţ Lhe commlssloner has and shall exerclse Lhe power Lo regulaLe Lhe proceedlngs ln every hearlng before hlm and Lo do all
acLs and Lake all measures necessary or proper for Lhe efflclenL performance of hls duLles under Lhe orderŦ Pe may lssue subpoenas
and subpoenas Joces tecomţ swear wlLnessesţ and unless oLherwlse provlded ln Lhe order of referenceţ he may rule upon Lhe
admlsslblllLy of evldenceŦ 1he Lrlal or hearlng before hlm shall proceed ln all respecLs as lL would lf held before Lhe courLŦ (3aţ 833)
Sect|on 4Ŧ Ootb of commlsslooetŦ Ÿ 8efore enLerlng upon hls duLles Lhe commlssloner shall be sworn Lo a falLhful and honesL
performance LhereofŦ (14ţ 833)
Sect|on SŦ ltoceeJloqs befote commlsslooetŦ Ÿ upon recelpL of Lhe order of reference and unless oLherwlse provlded Lherelnţ Lhe
commlssloner shall forLhwlLh seL a Llme and place for Lhe flrsL meeLlng of Lhe parLles or Lhelr counsel Lo be held wlLhln Len (10) days
afLer Lhe daLe of Lhe order of reference and shall noLlfy Lhe parLles or Lhelr counselŦ (3aţ 833)
Sect|on 6Ŧ lollote of pottles to oppeot befote commlsslooetŦ Ÿ lf a parLy falls Lo appear aL Lhe Llme and place appolnLedţ Lhe
commlssloner may proceed ex potte orţ ln hls dlscreLlonţ ad[ourn Lhe proceedlngs Lo a fuLure dayţ glvlng noLlce Lo Lhe absenL parLy
or hls counsel of Lhe ad[ournmenLŦ (6aţ 833)
Sect|on 7Ŧ kefosol of wltoessŦ Ÿ 1he refusal of a wlLness Lo obey a subpoena lssued by Lhe commlssloner or Lo glve evldence before
hlmţ shall be deemed a conLempL of Lhe courL whlch appolnLed Lhe commlsslonerŦ (7a 833)
Sect|on 8Ŧ commlsslooet sboll ovolJ JeloysŦ Ÿ lL ls Lhe duLy of Lhe commlssloner Lo proceed wlLh all reasonable dlllgenceŦ LlLher
parLyţ on noLlce Lo Lhe parLles and commlsslonerţ may apply Lo Lhe courL for an order requlrlng Lhe commlssloner Lo expedlLe Lhe
proceedlngs and Lo make hls reporLŦ (8aţ 833)
Sect|on 9Ŧ kepott of commlsslooetŦ Ÿ upon Lhe compleLlon of Lhe Lrlal or hearlng or proceedlng before Lhe commlsslonerţ he shall
flle wlLh Lhe courL hls reporL ln wrlLlng upon Lhe maLLers submlLLed Lo hlm by Lhe order of referenceŦ When hls powers are noL
speclfled or llmlLedţ he shall seL forLh hls flndlngs of facL and concluslons of law ln hls reporLŦ Pe shall aLLach LhereLo all exhlblLsţ
affldavlLsţ deposlLlonsţ papers and Lhe LranscrlpLţ lf anyţ of Lhe LesLlmonlal evldence presenLed before hlmŦ (9aţ 833)
Sect|on 10Ŧ Notlce to pottles of tbe fllloq of tepottŦ Ÿ upon Lhe flllng of Lhe reporLţ Lhe parLles shall be noLlfled by Lhe clerkţ and Lhey
shall be allowed Len (10) days wlLhln whlch Lo slgnlfy grounds of ob[ecLlons Lo Lhe flndlngs of Lhe reporLţ lf Lhey so deslreŦ Cb[ecLlons
Lo Lhe reporL based upon grounds whlch were avallable Lo Lhe parLles durlng Lhe proceedlngs before Lhe commlsslonerţ oLher Lhan
ob[ecLlons Lo Lhe flndlngs and concluslons Lherelnţ seL forLhţ shall noL be consldered by Lhe courL unless Lhey were made before Lhe
commlsslonerŦ (10ţ 833)
Sect|on 11Ŧ neotloq opoo tepottŦ Ÿ upon Lhe explraLlon of Lhe perlod of Len (10) days referred Lo ln Lhe precedlng secLlonţ Lhe
reporL shall be seL for hearlngţ afLer whlch Lhe courL shall lssue an order adopLlngţ modlfylngţ or re[ecLlng Lhe reporL ln whole or ln
parLţ or recommlLLlng lL wlLh lnsLrucLlonsţ or requlrlng Lhe parLles Lo presenL furLher evldence before Lhe commlssloner or Lhe courLŦ
(11aţ 833)
Sect|on 12Ŧ 5tlpolotloos os to floJloqsŦ Ÿ When Lhe parLles sLlpulaLe LhaL a commlsslonerƌs flndlngs of facL shall be flnalţ only
quesLlons of law shall LhereafLer be conslderedŦ (12aţ 833)
Sect|on 13Ŧ compeosotloo of commlsslooetŦ Ÿ 1he courL shall allow Lhe commlssloner such reasonable compensaLlon as Lhe
clrcumsLances of Lhe case warranLţ Lo be Laxed as cosLs agalnsL Lhe defeaLed parLyţ or apporLlonedţ as [usLlce requlresŦ (13ţ 833)

kULL 33
Demurrer to Lv|dence
Sect|on 1Ŧ uemottet to evlJeoceŦ Ÿ AfLer Lhe plalnLlff has compleLed Lhe presenLaLlon of hls evldenceţ Lhe defendanL may move for
dlsmlssal on Lhe ground LhaL upon Lhe facLs and Lhe law Lhe plalnLlff has shown no rlghL Lo rellefŦ lf hls moLlon ls denled he shall have
Lhe rlghL Lo presenL evldenceŦ lf Lhe moLlon ls granLed buL on appeal Lhe order of dlsmlssal ls reversed he shall be deemed Lo have
walved Lhe rlghL Lo presenL evldenceŦ (1aţ 833)

kULL 34
Iudgment on the Þ|ead|ngs
Sect|on 1Ŧ IoJqmeot oo tbe pleoJloqsŦ Ÿ Where an answer falls Lo Lender an lssueţ or oLherwlse admlLs Lhe maLerlal allegaLlons of
Lhe adverse parLyƌs pleadlngţ Lhe courL mayŤ on moLlon of LhaL parLyţ dlrecL [udgmenL on such pleadlngŦ Poweverţ ln acLlons for
declaraLlon of nulllLy or annulmenL of marrlage or for legal separaLlonţ Lhe maLerlal facLs alleged ln Lhe complalnL shall always be
provedŦ (1aţ 819)

kULL 3S
Summary Iudgments
Sect|on 1Ŧ 5ommoty joJqmeot fot clolmootŦ Ÿ A parLy seeklng Lo recover upon a clalmţ counLerclalmţ or crossŴclalm or Lo obLaln a
declaraLory rellef mayţ aL any Llme afLer Lhe pleadlng ln answer LhereLo has been servedţ move wlLh supporLlng affldavlLsţ
deposlLlons or admlsslons for a summary [udgmenL ln hls favor upon all or any parL LhereofŦ (1aţ 834)
Sect|on 2Ŧ 5ommoty joJqmeot fot JefeoJloq pottyŦ Ÿ A parLy agalnsL whom a clalmţ counLerclalmţ or crossŴclalm ls asserLed or a
declaraLory rellef ls soughL mayţ aL any Llmeţ move wlLh supporLlng affldavlLsţ deposlLlons or admlsslons for a summary [udgmenL ln
hls favor as Lo all or any parL LhereofŦ (2aţ 834)
Sect|on 3Ŧ Motloo ooJ ptoceeJloqs tbeteooŦ Ÿ 1he moLlon shall be served aL leasL Len (10) days before Lhe Llme speclfled for Lhe
hearlngŦ 1he adverse parLy may serve opposlng affldavlLsţ deposlLlonsţ or admlsslons aL leasL Lhree (3) days before Lhe hearlngŦ AfLer
Lhe hearlngţ Lhe [udgmenL soughL shall be rendered forLhwlLh lf Lhe pleadlngsţ supporLlng affldavlLsţ deposlLlonsţ and admlsslons on
flleţ show LhaLţ excepL as Lo Lhe amounL of damagesţ Lhere ls no genulne lssue as Lo any maLerlal facL and LhaL Lhe movlng parLy ls
enLlLled Lo a [udgmenL as a maLLer of lawŦ (3aţ 834)
Sect|on 4Ŧ cose oot folly oJjoJlcoteJ oo motlooŦ Ÿ lf on moLlon under Lhls 8uleţ [udgmenL ls noL rendered upon Lhe whole case or
for all Lhe rellefs soughL and a Lrlal ls necessaryţ Lhe courL aL Lhe hearlng of Lhe moLlonţ by examlnlng Lhe pleadlngs and Lhe evldence
before lL and by lnLerrogaLlng counsel shall ascerLaln whaL maLerlal facLs exlsL wlLhouL subsLanLlal conLroversy and whaL are acLually
and ln good falLh conLroverLedŦ lL shall Lhereupon make an order speclfylng Lhe facLs LhaL appear wlLhouL subsLanLlal conLroversyţ
lncludlng Lhe exLenL Lo whlch Lhe amounL of damages or oLher rellef ls noL ln conLroversyţ and dlrecLlng such furLher proceedlngs ln
Lhe acLlon as are [usLŦ 1he facLs so speclfled shall be deemed esLabllshedţ and Lhe Lrlal shall be conducLed on Lhe conLroverLed facLs
accordlnglyŦ (4aţ 834)
Sect|on SŦ lotm of offlJovlts ooJ soppottloq popetsŦ Ÿ SupporLlng and opposlng affldavlLs shall be made on personal knowledgeţ
shall seL forLh such facLs as would be admlsslble ln evldenceţ and shall show afflrmaLlvely LhaL Lhe afflanL ls compeLenL Lo LesLlfy Lo
Lhe maLLers sLaLed LherelnŦ CerLlfled Lrue coples of all papers or parLs Lhereof referred Lo ln Lhe affldavlL shall be aLLached LhereLo or
served LherewlLhŦ (3aţ 834)
Sect|on 6Ŧ AfflJovlts lo boJ foltbŦ Ÿ Should lL appear Lo lLs saLlsfacLlon aL any Llme LhaL any of Lhe affldavlLs presenLed pursuanL Lo
Lhls 8ule are presenLed ln bad falLhţ or solely for Lhe purpose of delayţ Lhe courL shall forLhwlLh order Lhe offendlng parLy or counsel
Lo pay Lo Lhe oLher parLy Lhe amounL of Lhe reasonable expenses whlch Lhe flllng of Lhe affldavlLs caused hlm Lo lncur lncludlng
aLLorneyƌs feesţ lL mayţ afLer hearlng furLher ad[udge Lhe offendlng parLy or counsel gullLy of conLempLŦ (6aţ 834)

kULL 36
Iudgmentsţ I|na| Crders and Lntry 1hereof
Sect|on 1Ŧ keoJltloo of joJqmeots ooJ flool otJetsŦ Ÿ A [udgmenL or flnal order deLermlnlng Lhe merlLs of Lhe case shall be ln wrlLlng
personally and dlrecLly prepared by Lhe [udgeţ sLaLlng clearly and dlsLlncLly Lhe facLs and Lhe law on whlch lL ls basedţ slgned by hlmţ
and flled wlLh Lhe clerk of Lhe courLŦ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ íotty of joJqmeots ooJ flool otJetsŦ Ÿ lf no appeal or moLlon for new Lrlal or reconslderaLlon ls flled wlLhln Lhe Llme
provlded ln Lhese 8ulesţ Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order shall forLhwlLh be enLered by Lhe clerk ln Lhe book of enLrles of [udgmenLsŦ 1he
daLe of flnallLy of Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order shall be deemed Lo be Lhe daLe of lLs enLryŦ 1he record shall conLaln Lhe dlsposlLlve
parL of Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order and shall be slgned by Lhe clerkţ wlLhln a cerLlflcaLe LhaL such [udgmenL or flnal order has become
flnal and execuLoryŦ (2aţ 10ţ 831)
Sect|on 3Ŧ IoJqmeot fot ot oqolost ooe ot mote of sevetol pottlesŦ Ÿ !udgmenL may be glven for or agalnsL one or more of several
plalnLlffs and for or agalnsL one or more of several defendanLsŦ When [usLlce so demandsţ Lhe courL may requlre Lhe parLles on each
slde Lo flle adversary pleadlngs as beLween Lhemselves and deLermlne Lhelr ulLlmaLe rlghLs and obllgaLlonsŦ (3)
Sect|on 4Ŧ 5evetol joJqmeotsŦ Ÿ ln an acLlon agalnsL several defendanLsţ Lhe courL mayţ when a several [udgmenL ls properţ render
[udgmenL agalnsL one or more of Lhemţ leavlng Lhe acLlon Lo proceed agalnsL Lhe oLhersŦ (4)
Sect|on SŦ 5epotote joJqmeotsŦ Ÿ When more Lhan one clalm for rellef ls presenLed ln an acLlonţ Lhe courLţ aL any sLageţ upon a
deLermlnaLlon of Lhe lssues maLerlal Lo a parLlcular clalm and all counLerclalms arlslng ouL of Lhe LransacLlon or occurrence whlch ls
Lhe sub[ecL maLLer of Lhe clalmţ may render a separaLe [udgmenL dlsposlng of such clalmŦ 1he [udgmenL shall LermlnaLe Lhe acLlon
wlLh respecL Lo Lhe clalm so dlsposed of and Lhe acLlon shall proceed as Lo Lhe remalnlng clalmsŦ ln case a separaLe [udgmenL ls
rendered Lhe courL by order may sLay lLs enforcemenL unLll Lhe rendlLlon of a subsequenL [udgmenL or [udgmenLs and may prescrlbe
such condlLlons as may be necessary Lo secure Lhe beneflL Lhereof Lo Lhe parLy ln whose favor Lhe [udgmenL ls renderedŦ (3a)
Sect|on 6Ŧ IoJqmeot oqolost eotlty wltboot jotlJlcol petsooolltyŦ Ÿ When [udgmenL ls rendered agalnsL Lwo or more persons sued as
an enLlLy wlLhouL [urldlcal personallLyţ Lhe [udgmenL shall seL ouL Lhelr lndlvldual or proper namesţ lf knownŦ (6a)

kULL 37
New 1r|a| or kecons|derat|ons
Sect|on 1Ŧ CtoooJs of ooJ petloJ fot fllloq motloo fot oew ttlol ot tecooslJetotlooŦ Ÿ WlLhln Lhe perlod for Laklng an appealţ Lhe
aggrleved parLy may move Lhe Lrlal courL Lo seL aslde Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order and granL a new Lrlal for one or more of Lhe
followlng causes maLerlally affecLlng Lhe subsLanLlal rlghLs of sald parLyť
(a) lraudţ accldenLţ mlsLake or excusable negllgence whlch ordlnary prudence could noL have guarded agalnsL and by
reason of whlch such aggrleved parLy has probably been lmpalred ln hls rlghLsŤ or
(b) newly dlscovered evldenceţ whlch he could noLţ wlLh reasonable dlllgenceţ have dlscovered and produced aL Lhe Lrlalţ
and whlch lf presenLed would probably alLer Lhe resulLŦ
WlLhln Lhe same perlodţ Lhe aggrleved parLy may also move for reconslderaLlon upon Lhe grounds LhaL Lhe damages awarded are
excesslveţ LhaL Lhe evldence ls lnsufflclenL Lo [usLlfy Lhe declslon or flnal orderţ or LhaL Lhe declslon or flnal order ls conLrary Lo lawŦ
(1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ cooteots of motloo fot oew ttlol ot tecooslJetotloo ooJ ootlce tbeteofŦ Ÿ 1he moLlon shall be made ln wrlLlng sLaLlng Lhe
ground or grounds Lhereforţ a wrlLLen noLlce of whlch shall be served by Lhe movanL on Lhe adverse parLyŦ
A moLlon for new Lrlal shall be proved ln Lhe manner provlded for proof of moLlonŦ A moLlon for Lhe cause menLloned ln paragraph
(a) of Lhe precedlng secLlon shall be supporLed by affldavlLs of merlLs whlch may be rebuLLed by affldavlLsŦ A moLlon for Lhe cause
menLloned ln paragraph (b) shall be supporLed by affldavlLs of Lhe wlLnesses by whom such evldence ls expecLed Lo be glvenţ or by
duly auLhenLlcaLed documenLs whlch are proposed Lo be lnLroduced ln evldenceŦ
A moLlon for reconslderaLlon shall polnL ouL a speclflcally Lhe flndlngs or concluslons of Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order whlch are noL
supporLed by Lhe evldence or whlch are conLrary Lo law maklng express reference Lo Lhe LesLlmonlal or documenLary evldence or Lo
Lhe provlslons of law alleged Lo be conLrary Lo such flndlngs or concluslonsŦ
A pto fotmo moLlon for new Lrlal or reconslderaLlon shall noL Loll Lhe reglemenLary perlod of appealŦ (2a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ Actloo opoo motloo fot oew ttlol ot tecooslJetotlooŦ Ÿ 1he Lrlal courL may seL aslde Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order and granL
a new Lrlalţ upon such Lerms as may be [usLţ or may deny Lhe moLlonŦ lf Lhe courL flnds LhaL excesslve damages have been awarded
or LhaL Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order ls conLrary Lo Lhe evldence or lawţ lL may amend such [udgmenL or flnal order accordlnglyŦ (3a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ kesolotloo of motlooŦ Ÿ A moLlon for new Lrlal or reconslderaLlon shall be resolved wlLhln LhlrLy (30) days from Lhe Llme lL
ls submlLLed for resoluLlonŦ (n)
Sect|on SŦ 5ecooJ motloo fot oew ttlolŦ Ÿ A moLlon for new Lrlal shall lnclude all grounds Lhen avallable and Lhose noL so lncluded
shall be deemed walvedŦ A second moLlon for new Lrlalţ based on a ground noL exlsLlng nor avallable when Lhe flrsL moLlon was
madeţ may be flled wlLhln Lhe Llme hereln provlded excludlng Lhe Llme durlng whlch Lhe flrsL moLlon had been pendlngŦ
no parLy shall be allowed a second moLlon for reconslderaLlon of a [udgmenL or flnal order (4aţ 4ţ l8C)
Sect|on 6Ŧ íffect of qtootloq of motloo fot oew ttlolŦ Ÿ lf a new Lrlal ls granLed ln accordance wlLh Lhe provlslons of Lhls 8ules Lhe
orlglnal [udgmenL or flnal order shall be vacaLedţ and Lhe acLlon shall sLand for Lrlal Je oovoŤ buL Lhe recorded evldence Laken upon
Lhe former Lrlalţ lnsofar as Lhe same ls maLerlal and compeLenL Lo esLabllsh Lhe lssuesţ shall be used aL Lhe new Lrlal wlLhouL reLaklng
Lhe sameŦ (3a)
Sect|on 7Ŧ lottlol oew ttlol ot tecooslJetotlooŦ Ÿ lf Lhe grounds for a moLlon under Lhls 8ule appear Lo Lhe courL Lo affecL Lhe lssues
as Lo only a parLţ or less Lhan an of Lhe maLLer ln conLroversyţ or only oneţ or less Lhan allţ of Lhe parLles Lo lLţ Lhe courL may order a
new Lrlal or granL reconslderaLlon as Lo such lssues lf severable wlLhouL lnLerferlng wlLh Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order upon Lhe resLŦ
(6a)
Sect|on 8Ŧ íffect of otJet fot pottlol oew ttlolŦ Ÿ When less Lhan all of Lhe lssues are ordered reLrledţ Lhe courL may elLher enLer a
[udgmenL or flnal order as Lo Lhe resLţ or sLay Lhe enforcemenL of such [udgmenL or flnal order unLll afLer Lhe new LrlalŦ (7a)
Sect|on 9Ŧ kemeJy oqolost otJet Jeoyloq o motloo fot oew ttlol ot tecooslJetotlooŦ Ÿ An order denylng a moLlon for new Lrlal or
reconslderaLlon ls noL appealedţ Lhe remedy belng an appeal from Lhe [udgmenL or flnal orderŦ (n)

kULL 38
ke||ef from Iudgmentsţ Crdersţ or Cther Þroceed|ngs
Sect|on 1Ŧ letltloo fot tellef ftom joJqmeotţ otJetţ ot otbet ptoceeJloqsŦ Ÿ When a [udgmenL or flnal order ls enLeredţ or any oLher
proceedlng ls LhereafLer Laken agalnsL a parLy ln any courL Lhrough fraudţ accldenLţ mlsLakeţ or excusable negllgenceţ he may flle a
peLlLlon ln such courL and ln Lhe same case praylng LhaL Lhe [udgmenLţ order or proceedlng be seL asldeŦ (2a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ letltloo fot tellef ftom Jeolol of oppeolŦ Ÿ When a [udgmenL or flnal order ls rendered by any courL ln a caseţ and a parLy
LhereLoţ by fraudţ accldenLţ mlsLakeţ or excusable negllgenceţ has been prevenLed from Laklng an appealţ he may flle a peLlLlon ln
such courL and ln Lhe same case praylng LhaL Lhe appeal be glven due courseŦ (1a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ 1lme fot fllloq petltlooŤ cooteots ooJ vetlflcotlooŦ Ÿ A peLlLlon provlded for ln elLher of Lhe precedlng secLlons of Lhls 8ule
musL be verlfledţ flled wlLhln slxLy (60) days afLer Lhe peLlLloner learns of Lhe [udgmenLţ flnal orderţ or oLher proceedlng Lo be seL
asldeţ and noL more Lhan slx (6) monLhs afLer such [udgmenL or flnal order was enLeredţ or such proceedlng was Lakenţ and musL be
accompanled wlLh affldavlLs showlng Lhe fraudţ accldenLţ mlsLakeţ or excusable negllgence relled uponţ and Lhe facLs consLlLuLlng
Lhe peLlLlonerƌs good and subsLanLlal cause of acLlon or defenseţ as Lhe case may beŦ (3)
Sect|on 4Ŧ OtJet to flle oo ooswetŦ Ÿ lf Lhe peLlLlon ls sufflclenL ln form and subsLance Lo [usLlfy rellefţ Lhe courL ln whlch lL ls flledţ
shall lssue an order requlrlng Lhe adverse parLles Lo answer Lhe same wlLhln flfLeen (13) days from Lhe recelpL LhereofŦ 1he order
shall be served ln such manner as Lhe courL may dlrecLţ LogeLher wlLh coples of Lhe peLlLlon and Lhe accompanylng affldavlLsŦ (4a)
Sect|on SŦ ltellmlooty lojooctloo peoJloq ptoceeJloqsŦ Ÿ 1he courL ln whlch Lhe peLlLlon ls flled may granL such prellmlnary
ln[uncLlon as may be necessary for Lhe preservaLlon of Lhe rlghLs of Lhe parLlesţ upon Lhe flllng by Lhe peLlLloner of a bond ln favor of
Lhe adverse parLyţ condlLloned LhaL lf Lhe peLlLlon ls dlsmlssed or Lhe peLlLloner falls on Lhe Lrlal of Lhe case upon lLs merlLsţ he wlll
pay Lhe adverse parLy all damages and cosLs LhaL may be awarded Lo hlm by reason of Lhe lssuance of such ln[uncLlon or Lhe oLher
proceedlngs followlng Lhe peLlLlonţ buL such ln[uncLlon shall noL operaLe Lo dlscharge or exLlngulsh any llen whlch Lhe adverse parLy
may have acqulred uponţ Lhe properLyţ of Lhe peLlLlonerŦ (3a)
Sect|on 6Ŧ ltoceeJloqs oftet ooswet ls flleJŦ Ÿ AfLer Lhe flllng of Lhe answer or Lhe explraLlon of Lhe perlod Lhereforţ Lhe courL shall
hear Lhe peLlLlon and lf afLer such hearlngţ lL flnds LhaL Lhe allegaLlons Lhereof are noL Lrueţ Lhe peLlLlon shall be dlsmlssedŤ buL lf lL
flnds sald allegaLlons Lo be Lrueţ lL shall seL aslde Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order or oLher proceedlng complalned of upon such Lerms as
may be [usLŦ 1hereafLer Lhe case shall sLand as lf such [udgmenLţ flnal order or oLher proceedlng had never been renderedţ lssued or
LakenŦ 1he courL shall Lhen proceed Lo hear and deLermlne Lhe case as lf a Llmely moLlon for a new Lrlal or reconslderaLlon had been
granLed by lLŦ (6a)
Sect|on 7Ŧ ltoceJote wbete tbe Jeolol of oo oppeol ls set oslJeŦ Ÿ Where Lhe denlal of an appeal ls seL asldeţ Lhe lower courL shall be
requlred Lo glve due course Lo Lhe appeal and Lo elevaLe Lhe record of Lhe appealed case as lf a Llmely and proper appeal had been
madeŦ (7a)

kULL 39
Lxecut|onţ Sat|sfact|on and Lffect of Iudgments
Sect|on 1Ŧ íxecotloo opoo joJqmeots ot flool otJetsŦ Ÿ LxecuLlon shall lssue as a maLLer of rlghLţ or moLlonţ upon a [udgmenL or
order LhaL dlsposes of Lhe acLlon or proceedlng upon Lhe explraLlon of Lhe perlod Lo appeal Lherefrom lf no appeal has been duly
perfecLedŦ (1a)
lf Lhe appeal has been duly perfecLed and flnally resolvedţ Lhe execuLlon may forLhwlLh be applled for ln Lhe courL of orlglnţ on
moLlon of Lhe [udgmenL obllgeeţ submlLLlng LherewlLh cerLlfled Lrue coples of Lhe [udgmenL or [udgmenLs or flnal order or orders
soughL Lo be enforced and of Lhe enLry Lhereofţ wlLh noLlce Lo Lhe adverse parLyŦ
1he appellaLe courL mayţ on moLlon ln Lhe same caseţ when Lhe lnLeresL of [usLlce so requlresţ dlrecL Lhe courL of orlgln Lo lssue Lhe
wrlL of execuLlonŦ (n)
Sect|on 2Ŧ ulsctetloooty execotlooŦ Ÿ
(a) íxecotloo of o joJqmeot ot flool otJet peoJloq oppeolŦ Ÿ Cn moLlon of Lhe prevalllng parLy wlLh noLlce Lo Lhe adverse
parLy flled ln Lhe Lrlal courL whlle lL has [urlsdlcLlon over Lhe case and ls ln possesslon of elLher Lhe orlglnal record or Lhe
record on appealţ as Lhe case may beţ aL Lhe Llme of Lhe flllng of such moLlonţ sald courL mayţ ln lLs dlscreLlonţ order
execuLlon of a [udgmenL or flnal order even before Lhe explraLlon of Lhe perlod Lo appealŦ
AfLer Lhe Lrlal courL has losL [urlsdlcLlon Lhe moLlon for execuLlon pendlng appeal may be flled ln Lhe appellaLe courLŦ
ulscreLlonary execuLlon may only lssue upon good reasons Lo be sLaLed ln a speclal order afLer due hearlngŦ
(b) íxecotloo of sevetolţ sepotote ot pottlol joJqmeotsŦ Ÿ A severalţ separaLe or parLlal [udgmenL may be execuLed under
Lhe same Lerms and condlLlons as execuLlon of a [udgmenL or flnal order pendlng appealŦ (2a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ 5toy of Jlsctetloooty execotlooŦ Ÿ ulscreLlonary execuLlon lssued under Lhe precedlng secLlon may be sLayed upon
approval by Lhe proper courL of a sufflclenL supersedeas bond flled by Lhe parLy agalnsL whom lL ls dlrecLedţ condlLloned upon Lhe
performance of Lhe [udgmenL or order allowed Lo be execuLed ln case lL shall be flnally susLalned ln whole or ln parLŦ 1he bond Lhus
glven may be proceeded agalnsL on moLlon wlLh noLlce Lo Lhe sureLyŦ (3a )
Sect|on 4Ŧ IoJqmeots oot stoyeJ by oppeolŦ Ÿ !udgmenLs ln acLlons for ln[uncLlonţ recelvershlpţ accounLlng and supporLţ and such
oLher [udgmenLs as are now or may hereafLer be declared Lo be lmmedlaLely execuLoryţ shall be enforceable afLer Lhelr rendlLlon
and shall noLţ be sLayed by an appeal Laken Lherefromţ unless oLherwlse ordered by Lhe Lrlal courLŦ Cn appeal Lherefromţ Lhe
appellaLe courL ln lLs dlscreLlon may make an order suspendlngţ modlfylngţ resLorlng or granLlng Lhe ln[uncLlonţ recelvershlpţ
accounLlngţ or award of supporLŦ
1he sLay of execuLlon shall be upon such Lerms as Lo bond or oLherwlse as may be consldered proper for Lhe securlLy or proLecLlon
of Lhe rlghLs of Lhe adverse parLyŦ (4a)
Sect|on SŦ íffect of tevetsol of execoteJ joJqmeotŦ Ÿ Where Lhe execuLed [udgmenL ls reversed LoLally or parLlallyţ or annulledţ on
appeal or oLherwlseţ Lhe Lrlal courL mayţ on moLlonţ lssue such orders of resLlLuLlon or reparaLlon of damages as equlLy and [usLlce
may warranL under Lhe clrcumsLancesŦ (3a)
Sect|on 6Ŧ íxecotloo by motloo ot by loJepeoJeot octlooŦ Ÿ A flnal and execuLory [udgmenL or order may be execuLed on moLlon
wlLhln flve (3) years from Lhe daLe of lLs enLryŦ AfLer Lhe lapse of such Llmeţ and before lL ls barred by Lhe sLaLuLe of llmlLaLlonsţ a
[udgmenL may be enforced by acLlonŦ 1he revlved [udgmenL may also be enforced by moLlon wlLhln flve (3) years from Lhe daLe of lLs
enLry and LhereafLer by acLlon before lL ls barred by Lhe sLaLuLe of llmlLaLlonsŦ (6a)
Sect|on 7Ŧ íxecotloo lo cose of Jeotb of pottyŦ Ÿ ln case of Lhe deaLh of a parLyţ execuLlon may lssue or be enforced ln Lhe followlng
mannerť
(a) ln case of Lhe deaLh of Lhe [udgmenL obllgeeţ upon Lhe appllcaLlon of hls execuLor or admlnlsLraLorţ or successor ln
lnLeresLŤ
(b) ln case of Lhe deaLh of Lhe [udgmenL obllgorţ agalnsL hls execuLor or admlnlsLraLor or successor ln lnLeresLţ lf Lhe
[udgmenL be for Lhe recovery of real or personal properLyţ or Lhe enforcemenL of a llen LhereonŤ
(c) ln case of Lhe deaLh of Lhe [udgmenL obllgorţ afLer execuLlon ls acLually levled upon any of hls properLyţ Lhe same may
be sold for Lhe saLlsfacLlon of Lhe [udgmenL obllgaLlonţ and Lhe offlcer maklng Lhe sale shall accounL Lo Lhe correspondlng
execuLor or admlnlsLraLor for any surplus ln hls handsŦ (7a)
Sect|on 8Ŧ lssoooceţ fotm ooJ cooteots of o wtlt of execotlooŦ Ÿ 1he wrlL of execuLlon shallť (1) lssue ln Lhe name of Lhe 8epubllc of
Lhe Þhlllpplnes from Lhe courL whlch granLed Lhe moLlonŤ (2) sLaLe Lhe name of Lhe courLţ Lhe case number and LlLleţ Lhe dlsposlLlve
parL of Lhe sub[ecL [udgmenL or orderŤ and (3) requlre Lhe sherlff or oLher proper offlcer Lo whom lL ls dlrecLed Lo enforce Lhe wrlL
accordlng Lo lLs Lermsţ ln Lhe manner herelnafLer provldedť
(a) lf Lhe execuLlon be agalnsL Lhe properLy of Lhe [udgmenL obllgorţ Lo saLlsfy Lhe [udgmenLţ wlLh lnLeresLţ ouL of Lhe real
or personal properLy of such [udgmenL obllgorŤ
(b) lf lL be agalnsL real or personal properLy ln Lhe hands of personal represenLaLlvesţ helrsţ devlseesţ legaLeesţ LenanLsţ or
LrusLees of Lhe [udgmenL obllgorţ Lo saLlsfy Lhe [udgmenLţ wlLh lnLeresLţ ouL of such properLyŤ
(c) lf lL be for Lhe sale of real or personal properLy Lo sell such properLy descrlblng lLţ and apply Lhe proceeds ln
conformlLy wlLh Lhe [udgmenLţ Lhe maLerlal parLs of whlch shall be reclLed ln Lhe wrlL of execuLlonŤ
(d) lf lL be for Lhe dellvery of Lhe possesslon of real or personal properLyţ Lo dellver Lhe possesslon of Lhe sameţ descrlblng
lLţ Lo Lhe parLy enLlLled LhereLoţ and Lo saLlsfy any cosLsţ damagesţ renLsţ or proflLs covered by Lhe [udgmenL ouL of Lhe
personal properLy of Lhe person agalnsL whom lL was renderedţ and lf sufflclenL personal properLy cannoL be foundţ Lhen
ouL of Lhe real properLyŤ and
(e) ln all casesţ Lhe wrlL of execuLlon shall speclflcally sLaLe Lhe amounL of Lhe lnLeresLţ cosLsţ damagesţ renLsţ or proflLs
due as of Lhe daLe of Lhe lssuance of Lhe wrlLţ aslde from Lhe prlnclpal obllgaLlon under Lhe [udgmenLŦ lor Lhls purposeţ
Lhe moLlon for execuLlon shall speclfy Lhe amounLs of Lhe foregolng rellefs soughL by Lhe movanLŦ(8a)
Sect|on 9Ŧ íxecotloo of joJqmeots fot mooeyţ bow eofotceJŦ Ÿ
(a) lmmeJlote poymeot oo JemooJŦ Ÿ 1he offlcer shall enforce an execuLlon of a [udgmenL for money by demandlng
from Lhe [udgmenL obllgor Lhe lmmedlaLe paymenL of Lhe full amounL sLaLed ln Lhe wrlL of execuLlon and all lawful feesŦ
1he [udgmenL obllgor shall pay ln cashţ cerLlfled bank check payable Lo Lhe [udgmenL obllgeeţ or any oLher form of
paymenL accepLable Lo Lhe laLLerţ Lhe amounL of Lhe [udgmenL debL under proper recelpL dlrecLly Lo Lhe [udgmenL
obllgee or hls auLhorlzed represenLaLlve lf presenL aL Lhe Llme of paymenLŦ 1he lawful fees shall be handed under proper
recelpL Lo Lhe execuLlng sherlff who shall Lurn over Lhe sald amounL wlLhln Lhe same day Lo Lhe clerk of courL of Lhe courL
LhaL lssued Lhe wrlLŦ
lf Lhe [udgmenL obllgee or hls auLhorlzed represenLaLlve ls noL presenL Lo recelve paymenLţ Lhe [udgmenL obllgor shall
dellver Lhe aforesald paymenL Lo Lhe execuLlng sherlffŦ 1he laLLer shall Lurn over all Lhe amounLs comlng lnLo hls
possesslon wlLhln Lhe same day Lo Lhe clerk of courL of Lhe courL LhaL lssued Lhe wrlLţ or lf Lhe same ls noL pracLlcableţ
deposlL sald amounLs Lo a flduclary accounL ln Lhe nearesL governmenL deposlLory bank of Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourL of Lhe
locallLyŦ
1he clerk of sald courL shall LhereafLer arrange for Lhe remlLLance of Lhe deposlL Lo Lhe accounL of Lhe courL LhaL lssued
Lhe wrlL whose clerk of courL shall Lhen dellver sald paymenL Lo Lhe [udgmenL obllgee ln saLlsfacLlon of Lhe [udgmenLŦ 1he
excessţ lf anyţ shall be dellvered Lo Lhe [udgmenL obllgor whlle Lhe lawful fees shall be reLalned by Lhe clerk of courL for
dlsposlLlon as provlded by lawŦ ln no case shall Lhe execuLlng sherlff demand LhaL any paymenL by check be made payable
Lo hlmŦ
(b) 5otlsfoctloo by levyŦ Ÿ lf Lhe [udgmenL obllgor cannoL pay all or parL of Lhe obllgaLlon ln cashţ cerLlfled bank check or
oLher mode of paymenL accepLable Lo Lhe [udgmenL obllgeeţ Lhe offlcer shall levy upon Lhe properLles of Lhe [udgmenL
obllgor of every klnd and naLure whaLsoever whlch may be dlsposedţ of for value and noL oLherwlse exempL from
execuLlon glvlng Lhe laLLer Lhe opLlon Lo lmmedlaLely choose whlch properLy or parL Lhereof may be levled uponţ
sufflclenL Lo saLlsfy Lhe [udgmenLŦ lf Lhe [udgmenL obllgor does noL exerclse Lhe opLlonţ Lhe offlcer shall flrsL levy on Lhe
personal properLlesţ lf anyţ and Lhen on Lhe real properLles lf Lhe personal properLles are lnsufflclenL Lo answer for Lhe
[udgmenLŦ
1he sherlff shall sell only a sufflclenL porLlon of Lhe personal or real properLy of Lhe [udgmenL obllgor whlch has been
levled uponŦ
When Lhere ls more properLy of Lhe [udgmenL obllgor Lhan ls sufflclenL Lo saLlsfy Lhe [udgmenL and lawful feesţ he musL
sell only so much of Lhe personal or real properLy as ls sufflclenL Lo saLlsfy Lhe [udgmenL and lawful feesŦ
8eal properLyţ sLocksţ sharesţ debLsţ credlLsţ and oLher personal properLyţ or any lnLeresL ln elLher real or personal
properLyţ may be levled upon ln llke manner and wlLh llke effecL as under a wrlL of aLLachmenLŦ
(c) Cotolsbmeot of Jebts ooJ cteJltsŦ Ÿ 1he offlcer may levy on debLs due Lhe [udgmenL obllgor and oLher credlLsţ
lncludlng bank deposlLsţ flnanclal lnLeresLsţ royalLlesţ commlsslons and oLher personal properLy noL capable of manual
dellvery ln Lhe possesslon or conLrol of Lhlrd parLlesŦ Levy shall be made by servlng noLlce upon Lhe person owlng such
debLs or havlng ln hls possesslon or conLrol such credlLs Lo whlch Lhe [udgmenL obllgor ls enLlLledŦ 1he garnlshmenL shall
cover only such amounL as wlll saLlsfy Lhe [udgmenL and all lawful feesŦ
1he garnlshee shall make a wrlLLen reporL Lo Lhe courL wlLhln flve (3) days from servlce of Lhe noLlce of garnlshmenL
sLaLlng wheLher or noL Lhe [udgmenL obllgor has sufflclenL funds or credlLs Lo saLlsfy Lhe amounL of Lhe [udgmenLŦ lf noLţ
Lhe reporL shall sLaLe how much funds or credlLs Lhe garnlshee holds for Lhe [udgmenL obllgorŦ 1he garnlshed amounL ln
cashţ or cerLlfled bank check lssued ln Lhe name of Lhe [udgmenL obllgeeţ shall be dellvered dlrecLly Lo Lhe [udgmenL
obllgee wlLhln Len (10) worklng days from servlce of noLlce on sald garnlshee requlrlng such dellveryţ excepL Lhe lawful
fees whlch shall be pald dlrecLly Lo Lhe courLŦ
ln Lhe evenL Lhere are Lwo or more garnlshees holdlng deposlLs or credlLs sufflclenL Lo saLlsfy Lhe [udgmenLţ Lhe [udgmenL
obllgorţ lf avallableţ shall have Lhe rlghL Lo lndlcaLe Lhe garnlshee or garnlshees who shall be requlred Lo dellver Lhe
amounL dueţ oLherwlseţ Lhe cholce shall be made by Lhe [udgmenL obllgeeŦ
1he execuLlng sherlff shall observe Lhe same procedure under paragraph (a) wlLh respecL Lo dellvery of paymenL Lo Lhe
[udgmenL obllgeeŦ (8aţ 13a)
Sect|on 10Ŧ íxecotloo of joJqmeots fot speclflc octŦ Ÿ
(a) cooveyooceţ Jellvety of JeeJsţ ot otbet speclflc octsŤ vestloq tltleŦ Ÿ lf a [udgmenL dlrecLs a parLy Lo execuLe a
conveyance of land or personal properLyţ or Lo dellver deeds or oLher documenLsţ or Lo performţ any oLher speclflc acL ln
connecLlon LherewlLhţ and Lhe parLy falls Lo comply wlLhln Lhe Llme speclfledţ Lhe courL may dlrecL Lhe acL Lo be done aL
Lhe cosL of Lhe dlsobedlenL parLy by some oLher person appolnLed by Lhe courL and Lhe acL when so done shall have llke
effecL as lf done by Lhe parLyŦ lf real or personal properLy ls slLuaLed wlLhln Lhe Þhlllpplnesţ Lhe courL ln lleu of dlrecLlng a
conveyance Lhereof may by an order dlvesL Lhe LlLle of any parLy and vesL lL ln oLhersţ whlch shall have Lhe force and
effecL of a conveyance execuLed ln due form of lawŦ (10a)
(b) 5ole of teol ot petsoool ptopettyŦ Ÿ lf Lhe [udgmenL be for Lhe sale of real or personal properLyţ Lo sell such properLyţ
descrlblng lLţ and apply Lhe proceeds ln conformlLy wlLh Lhe [udgmenLŦ (8żcŽa)
(c) uellvety ot testltotloo of teol ptopettyŦ Ÿ 1he offlcer shall demand of Lhe person agalnsL whom Lhe [udgmenL for Lhe
dellvery or resLlLuLlon of real properLy ls rendered and all persons clalmlng rlghLs under hlm Lo peaceably vacaLe Lhe
properLy wlLhln Lhree (3) worklng daysţ and resLore possesslon Lhereof Lo Lhe [udgmenL obllgeeţ oLherwlseţ Lhe offlcer
shall ousL all such persons Lherefrom wlLh Lhe asslsLanceţ lf necessaryţ of approprlaLe peace offlcersţ and employlng such
means as may be reasonably necessary Lo reLake possesslonţ and place Lhe [udgmenL obllgee ln possesslon of such
properLyŦ Any cosLsţ damagesţ renLs or proflLs awarded by Lhe [udgmenL shall be saLlsfled ln Lhe same manner as a
[udgmenL for moneyŦ (13a)
(d) kemovol of lmptovemeots oo ptopetty sobject of execotlooŦ Ÿ When Lhe properLy sub[ecL of Lhe execuLlon conLalns
lmprovemenLs consLrucLed or planLed by Lhe [udgmenL obllgor or hls agenLţ Lhe offlcer shall noL desLroyţ demollsh or
remove sald lmprovemenLs excepL upon speclal order of Lhe courLţ lssued upon moLlon of Lhe [udgmenL obllgee afLer Lhe
hearlng and afLer Lhe former has falled Lo remove Lhe same wlLhln a reasonable Llme flxed by Lhe courLŦ (14a)
(e) uellvety of petsoool ptopettyŦ Ÿ ln [udgmenL for Lhe dellvery of personal properLyţ Lhe offlcer shall Lake possesslon of
Lhe same and forLhwlLh dellver lL Lo Lhe parLy enLlLled LhereLo and saLlsfy any [udgmenL for money as Lhereln provldedŦ
(8a)
Sect|on 11Ŧ íxecotloo of speclol joJqmeotsŦ Ÿ When a [udgmenL requlres Lhe performance of any acL oLher Lhan Lhose menLloned ln
Lhe Lwo precedlng secLlonsţ a cerLlfled copy of Lhe [udgmenL shall be aLLached Lo Lhe wrlL of execuLlon and shall be served by Lhe
offlcer upon Lhe parLy agalnsL whom Lhe same ls renderedţ or upon any oLher person requlred Lherebyţ or by lawţ Lo obey Lhe sameţ
and such parLy or person may be punlshed for conLempL lf he dlsobeys such [udgmenLŦ (9a)
Sect|on 12Ŧ íffect of levy oo execotloo os to tbltJ petsooŦ Ÿ 1he levy on execuLlon shall creaLe a llen ln favor of Lhe [udgmenL obllgee
over Lhe rlghLţ LlLle and lnLeresL of Lhe [udgmenL obllgor ln such properLy aL Lhe Llme of Lhe levyţ sub[ecL Lo llens and encumbrances
Lhen exlsLlngŦ (16a)
Sect|on 13Ŧ ltopetty exempt ftom execotlooŦ Ÿ LxcepL as oLherwlse expressly provlded by lawţ Lhe followlng properLyţ and no oLherţ
shall be exempL from execuLlonť
(a) 1he [udgmenL obllgorƌs famlly home as provlded by lawţ or Lhe homesLead ln whlch he resldesţ and land necessarlly
used ln connecLlon LherewlLhŤ
(b) Crdlnary Lools and lmplemenLs personally used by hlm ln hls Lradeţ employmenLţ or llvellhoodŤ
(c) 1hree horsesţ or Lhree cowsţ or Lhree carabaosţ or oLher beasLs of burdenţ such as Lhe [udgmenL obllgor may selecL
necessarlly used by hlm ln hls ordlnary occupaLlonŤ
(d) Pls necessary cloLhlng and arLlcles for ordlnary personal useţ excludlng [ewelryŤ
(e) Pousehold furnlLure and uLenslls necessary for housekeeplngţ and used for LhaL purpose by Lhe [udgmenL obllgor and
hls famllyţ such as Lhe [udgmenL obllgor may selecLţ of a value noL exceedlng one hundred Lhousand pesosŤ
(f) Þrovlslons for lndlvldual or famlly use sufflclenL for four monLhsŤ
(g) 1he professlonal llbrarles and equlpmenL of [udgesţ lawyersţ physlclansţ pharmaclsLsţ denLlsLsţ englneersţ surveyorsţ
clergymenţ Leachersţ and oLher professlonalsţ noL exceedlng Lhree hundred Lhousand pesos ln valueŤ
(h) Cne flshlng boaL and accessorles noL exceedlng Lhe LoLal value of one hundred Lhousand pesos owned by a flsherman
and by Lhe lawful use of whlch he earns hls llvellhoodŤ
(l) So much of Lhe salarlesţ wagesţ or earnlngs of Lhe [udgmenL obllgor for hls personal servlces wlLhln Lhe four monLhs
precedlng Lhe levy as are necessary for Lhe supporL of hls famllyŤ
([) LeLLered gravesLonesŤ
(k) Monlesţ beneflLsţ prlvllegesţ or annulLles accrulng or ln any manner growlng ouL of any llfe lnsuranceŤ
(l) 1he rlghL Lo recelve legal supporLţ or money or properLy obLalned as such supporLţ or any penslon or graLulLy from Lhe
CovernmenLŤ
(m) ÞroperLles speclally exempLed by lawŦ
8uL no arLlcle or specles of properLy menLloned ln Lhls secLlon shall be exempL from execuLlon lssued upon a [udgmenL recovered for
lLs prlce or upon a [udgmenL of foreclosure of a morLgage LhereonŦ (12a)
Sect|on 14Ŧ ketoto of wtlt of execotlooŦ Ÿ 1he wrlL of execuLlon shall be reLurnable Lo Lhe courL lssulng lL lmmedlaLely afLer Lhe
[udgmenL has been saLlsfled ln parL or ln fullŦ lf Lhe [udgmenL cannoL be saLlsfled ln full wlLhln LhlrLy (30) days afLer hls recelpL of Lhe
wrlLţ Lhe offlcer shall reporL Lo Lhe courL and sLaLe Lhe reason LhereforŦ Such wrlL shall conLlnue ln effecL durlng Lhe perlod wlLhln
whlch Lhe [udgmenL may be enforced by moLlonŦ 1he offlcer shall make a reporL Lo Lhe courL every LhlrLy (30) days on Lhe
proceedlngs Laken Lhereon unLll Lhe [udgmenL ls saLlsfled ln fullţ or lLs effecLlvlLy explresŦ 1he reLurns or perlodlc reporLs shall seL
forLh Lhe whole of Lhe proceedlngs Lakenţ and shall be flled wlLh Lhe courL and coples Lhereof prompLly furnlshed Lhe parLlesŦ (11a)
Sect|on 1SŦ Notlce of sole of ptopetty oo execotlooŦ Ÿ 8efore Lhe sale of properLy on execuLlonţ noLlce Lhereof musL be glven as
followsť
(a) ln case of perlshable properLyţ by posLlng wrlLLen noLlce of Lhe Llme and place of Lhe sale ln Lhree (3) publlc placesţ
preferably ln consplcuous areas of Lhe munlclpal or clLy hallţ posL offlce and publlc markeL ln Lhe munlclpallLy or clLy
where Lhe sale ls Lo Lake placeţ for such Llme as may be reasonableţ conslderlng Lhe characLer and condlLlon of Lhe
properLyŤ
(b) ln case of oLher personal properLyţ by posLlng a slmllar noLlce ln Lhe Lhree (3) publlc places aboveŴmenLloned for noL
less Lhan flve (3) daysŤ
(c) ln case of real properLyţ by posLlng for LwenLy (20) days ln Lhe Lhree (3) publlc places abovemenLloned a slmllar noLlce
parLlcularly descrlblng Lhe properLy and sLaLlng where Lhe properLy ls Lo be soldţ and lf Lhe assessed value of Lhe properLy
exceeds flfLy Lhousand (Þ30ţ000Ŧ00) pesosţ by publlshlng a copy of Lhe noLlce once a week for Lwo (2) consecuLlve weeks
ln one newspaper selecLed by raffleţ wheLher ln Lngllshţ llllplnoţ or any ma[or reglonal language publlshedţ edlLed and
clrculaLed orţ ln Lhe absence Lhereofţ havlng general clrculaLlon ln Lhe provlnce or clLyŤ
(d) ln all casesţ wrlLLen noLlce of Lhe sale shall be glven Lo Lhe [udgmenL obllgorţ aL leasL Lhree (3) days before Lhe saleţ
excepL as provlded ln paragraph (a) hereof where noLlce shall be glven Lhe same manner as personal servlce of pleadlngs
and oLher papers as provlded by secLlon 6 of 8ule 13Ŧ
1he noLlce shall speclfy Lhe placeţ daLe and exacL Llme of Lhe sale whlch should noL be earller Lhan nlne oƌclock ln Lhe mornlng and
noL laLer Lhan Lwo oƌclock ln Lhe afLernoonŦ 1he place of Lhe sale may be agreed upon by Lhe parLlesŦ ln Lhe absence of such
agreemenLţ Lhe sale of Lhe properLy or personal properLy noL capable of manual dellvery shall be held ln Lhe offlce of Lhe clerk of
courL of Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourL or Lhe Munlclpal 1rlal CourL whlch lssued Lhe wrlL of or whlch was deslgnaLed by Lhe appellaLe
courLŦ ln Lhe case of personal properLy capable of manual dellveryţ Lhe sale shall be held ln Lhe place where Lhe properLy ls locaLedŦ
(18a)
Sect|on 16Ŧ ltoceeJloqs wbete ptopetty clolmeJ by tbltJ petsooŦ Ÿ lf Lhe properLy levled on ls clalmed by any person oLher Lhan Lhe
[udgmenL obllgor or hls agenLţ and such person makes an affldavlL of hls LlLle LhereLo or rlghL Lo Lhe possesslon Lhereofţ sLaLlng Lhe
grounds of such rlghL or LlLleţ and serves Lhe same upon Lhe offlcer maklng Lhe levy and copy Lhereofţ sLaLlng Lhe grounds of such
rlghL or LlLLleţ and a serves Lhe same upon Lhe offlcer maklng Lhe levy and a copy Lhereof upon Lhe [udgmenL obllgeeţ Lhe offlcer
shall noL be bound Lo keep Lhe properLyţ unless such [udgmenL obllgeeţ on demand of Lhe offlcerţ flles a bond approved by Lhe courL
Lo lndemnlLy Lhe LhlrdŴparLy clalmanL ln a sum noL less Lhan Lhe value of Lhe properLy levled onŦ ln case of dlsagreemenL as Lo such
valueţ Lhe same shall be deLermlned by Lhe courL lssulng Lhe wrlL of execuLlonŦ no clalm for damages for Lhe Laklng or keeplng of Lhe
properLy may be enforced agalnsL Lhe bond unless Lhe acLlon Lherefor ls flled wlLhln one hundred LwenLy (120) days from Lhe daLe of
Lhe flllng of Lhe bondŦ
1he offlcer shall noL be llable for damages for Lhe Laklng or keeplng of Lhe properLyţ Lo any LhlrdŴparLy clalmanL lf such bond ls flledŦ
noLhlng hereln conLalned shall prevenL such clalmanL or any Lhlrd person from vlndlcaLlng hls clalm Lo Lhe properLy ln a separaLe
acLlonţ or prevenL Lhe [udgmenL obllgee from clalmlng damages ln Lhe same or a separaLe acLlon agalnsL a LhlrdŴparLy clalmanL who
flled a frlvolous or plalnly spurlous clalmŦ
When Lhe wrlL of execuLlon ls lssued ln favor of Lhe 8epubllc of Lhe Þhlllpplnesţ or any offlcer duly represenLlng lLţ Lhe flllng of such
bond shall noL be requlredţ and ln case Lhe sherlff or levylng offlcer ls sued for damages as a resulL of Lhe levyţ he shall be
represenLed by Lhe SollclLor Ceneral and lf held llable Lhereforţ Lhe acLual damages ad[udged by Lhe courL shall be pald by Lhe
naLlonal 1reasurer ouL of such funds as may be approprlaLed for Lhe purposeŦ (17a)
Sect|on 17Ŧ leoolty fot sellloq wltboot ootlceţ ot temovloq ot Jefocloq ootlceŦ Ÿ An offlcer selllng wlLhouL Lhe noLlce prescrlbed by
secLlon 13 of Lhls 8ule shall be llable Lo pay punlLlve damages ln Lhe amounL of flve Lhousand (Þ3ţ000Ŧ00) pesos Lo any person
ln[ured Lherebyţ ln addlLlon Lo hls acLual damagesţ boLh Lo be recovered by moLlon ln Lhe same acLlonŤ and a person wlllfully
removlng or defaclng Lhe noLlce posLedţ lf done before Lhe saleţ or before Lhe saLlsfacLlon of Lhe [udgmenL lf lL be saLlsfled before
Lhe saleţ shall be llable Lo pay flve Lhousand (Þ3ţ000Ŧ00) pesos Lo any person ln[ured by reason Lhereofţ ln addlLlon Lo hls acLual
damagesţ Lo be recovered by moLlon ln Lhe same acLlonŦ (19a)
Sect|on 18Ŧ No sole lf joJqmeot ooJ costs polJŦ Ÿ AL any Llme before Lhe sale of properLy on execuLlonţ Lhe [udgmenL obllgor may
prevenL Lhe sale by paylng Lhe amounL requlred by Lhe execuLlon and Lhe cosLs LhaL have been lncurred LherelnŦ (20a)
Sect|on 19Ŧ now ptopetty solJ oo execotlooŤ wbo moy Jltect moooet ooJ otJet of soleŦ Ÿ All sales of properLy under execuLlon musL
be made aL publlc aucLlonţ Lo Lhe hlghesL bldderţ Lo sLarL aL Lhe exacL Llme flxed ln Lhe noLlceŦ AfLer sufflclenL properLy has been sold
Lo saLlsfy Lhe execuLlonţ no more shall be sold and any excess properLy or proceeds of Lhe sale shall be prompLly dellvered Lo Lhe
[udgmenL obllgor or hls auLhorlzed represenLaLlveţ unless oLherwlse dlrecLed by Lhe [udgmenL or order of Lhe courLŦ When Lhe sale ls
of real properLyţ conslsLlng of several known loLsţ Lhey musL be sold separaLelyŤ orţ when a porLlon of such real properLy ls clalmed
by a Lhlrd personţ he may requlre lL Lo be sold separaLelyŦ When Lhe sale ls of personal properLy capable of manual dellveryţ lL musL
be sold wlLhln vlew of Lhose aLLendlng Lhe same and ln such parcels as are llkely Lo brlng Lhe hlghesL prlceŦ 1he [udgmenL obllgorţ lf
presenL aL Lhe saleţ may dlrecL Lhe order ln whlch properLyţ real or personal shall be soldţ when such properLy conslsLs of several
known loLs or parcels whlch can be sold Lo advanLage separaLelyŦ nelLher Lhe offlcer conducLlng Lhe execuLlon saleţ nor hls depuLlesţ
can become a purchaserţ nor be lnLeresLed dlrecLly or lndlrecLly ln any purchase aL such saleŦ (21a)
Sect|on 20Ŧ kefosol of potcboset to poyŦ Ÿ lf a purchaser refuses Lo pay Lhe amounL bld by hlm for properLy sLruck off Lo hlm aL a
sale under execuLlonţ Lhe offlcer may agaln sell Lhe properLy Lo Lhe hlghesL bldder and shall noL be responslble for any loss
occasloned LherebyŤ buL Lhe courL may order Lhe refuslng purchaser Lo pay lnLo Lhe courL Lhe amounL of such lossţ wlLh cosLsţ and
may punlsh hlm for conLempL lf he dlsobeys Lhe orderŦ 1he amounL of such paymenL shall be for Lhe beneflL of Lhe person enLlLled Lo
Lhe proceeds of Lhe execuLlonţ unless Lhe execuLlon has been fully saLlsfledţ ln whlch evenL such proceeds shall be for Lhe beneflL of
Lhe [udgmenL obllgorŦ 1he offlcer may LhereafLer re[ecL any subsequenL bld of such purchaser who refuses Lo payŦ (22a)
Sect|on 21Ŧ IoJqmeot obllqee os potcbosetŦ Ÿ When Lhe purchaser ls Lhe [udgmenL obllgeeţ and no LhlrdŴparLy clalm has been flledţ
he need noL pay Lhe amounL of Lhe bld lf lL does noL exceed Lhe amounL of hls [udgmenLŦ lf lL doesţ he shall pay only Lhe excessŦ (23a)
Sect|on 22Ŧ AJjootomeot of soleŦ Ÿ 8y wrlLLen consenL of Lhe [udgmenL obllgor and obllgeeţ or Lhelr duly auLhorlzed
represenLaLlvesţ Lhe offlcer may ad[ourn Lhe sale Lo any daLe and Llme agreed upon by LhemŦ WlLhouL such agreemenLţ he may
ad[ourn Lhe sale from day Lo day lf lL becomes necessary Lo do so for lack of Llme Lo compleLe Lhe sale on Lhe day flxed ln Lhe noLlce
or Lhe day Lo whlch lL was ad[ournedŦ (24a)
Sect|on 23Ŧ cooveyooce to potcboset of petsoool ptopetty copoble of mooool JellvetyŦ Ÿ When Lhe purchaser of any personal
properLyţ capable of manual dellveryţ pays Lhe purchase prlceţ Lhe offlcer maklng Lhe sale musL dellver Lhe properLy Lo Lhe purchaser
andţ lf deslredţ execuLe and dellver Lo hlm a cerLlflcaLe of saleŦ 1he sale conveys Lo Lhe purchaser all Lhe rlghLs whlch Lhe [udgmenL
obllgor had ln such properLy as of Lhe daLe of Lhe levy on execuLlon or prellmlnary aLLachmenLŦ (23a)
Sect|on 24Ŧ cooveyooce to potcboset of petsoool ptopetty oot copoble of mooool JellvetyŦ Ÿ When Lhe purchaser of any personal
properLyţ noL capable of manual dellveryţ pays Lhe purchase prlceţ Lhe offlcer maklng Lhe sale musL execuLe and dellver Lo Lhe
purchaser a cerLlflcaLe of saleŦ Such cerLlflcaLe conveys Lo Lhe purchaser all Lhe rlghLs whlch Lhe [udgmenL obllgor had ln such
properLy as of Lhe daLe of Lhe levy on execuLlon or prellmlnary aLLachmenLŦ (26a)
Sect|on 2SŦ cooveyooce of teol ptopettyŤ cettlflcote tbeteof qlveo to potcboset ooJ flleJ wltb teqlstty of JeeJsŦ Ÿ upon a sale of real
properLyţ Lhe offlcer musL glve Lo Lhe purchaser a cerLlflcaLe of sale conLalnlngť
(a) A parLlcular descrlpLlon of Lhe real properLy soldŤ
(b) 1he prlce pald for each dlsLlncL loL or parcelŤ
(c) 1he whole prlce pald by hlmŤ
(d) A sLaLemenL LhaL Lhe rlghL of redempLlon explres one (1) year from Lhe daLe of Lhe reglsLraLlon of Lhe cerLlflcaLe of
saleŦ
Such cerLlflcaLe musL be reglsLered ln Lhe reglsLry of deeds of Lhe place where Lhe properLy ls slLuaLedŦ (27 a)
Sect|on 26Ŧ cettlflcote of sole wbete ptopetty clolmeJ by tbltJ petsooŦ Ÿ When a properLy sold by vlrLue of a wrlL of execuLlon has
been clalmed by a Lhlrd personţ Lhe cerLlflcaLe of sale Lo be lssued by Lhe sherlff pursuanL Lo secLlons 23ţ 24 and 23 of Lhls 8ule shall
make express menLlon of Lhe exlsLence of such LhlrdŴparLy clalmŦ (28a)
Sect|on 27Ŧ wbo moy teJeem teol ptopetty so solJŦ Ÿ 8eal properLy sold as provlded ln Lhe lasL precedlng secLlonţ or any parL
Lhereof sold separaLelyţ may be redeemed ln Lhe manner herelnafLer provldedţ by Lhe followlng personsť
(a) 1he [udgmenL obllgorŤ or hls successor ln lnLeresL ln Lhe whole or any parL of Lhe properLyŤ
(b) A credlLor havlng a llen by vlrLue of an aLLachmenLţ [udgmenL or morLgage on Lhe properLy soldţ or on some parL
Lhereofţ subsequenL Lo Lhe llen under whlch Lhe properLy was soldŦ Such redeemlng credlLor ls Lermed a redempLlonerŦ
(29a)
Sect|on 28Ŧ 1lme ooJ moooet ofţ ooJ omooots poyoble ooţ soccesslve teJemptloosŤ ootlce to be qlveo ooJ flleJŦ Ÿ 1he [udgmenL
obllgorţ or redempLlonerţ may redeem Lhe properLy from Lhe purchaserţ aL any Llme wlLhln one (1) year from Lhe daLe of Lhe
reglsLraLlon of Lhe cerLlflcaLe of saleţ by paylng Lhe purchaser Lhe amounL of hls purchaseţ wlLh Lhe pet ceotom per monLh lnLeresL
Lhereon ln addlLlonţ up Lo Lhe Llme of redempLlonţ LogeLher wlLh Lhe amounL of any assessmenLs or Laxes whlch Lhe purchaser may
have pald Lhereon afLer purchaseţ and lnLeresL on such lasL named amounL aL Lhe same raLeŤ and lf Lhe purchaser be also a credlLor
havlng a prlor llen Lo LhaL of Lhe redempLlonerţ oLher Lhan Lhe [udgmenL under whlch such purchase was madeţ Lhe amounL of such
oLher llenţ wlLh lnLeresLŦ
ÞroperLy so redeemed may agaln be redeemed wlLhln slxLy (60) days afLer Lhe lasL redempLlon upon paymenL of Lhe sum pald on Lhe
lasL redempLlonţ wlLh Lwo pet ceotom Lhereon ln addlLlon and Lhe amounL of any assessmenLs or Laxes whlch Lhe lasL redempLloner
may have pald Lhereon afLer redempLlon by hlmţ wlLh lnLeresL on such lasL named amounLţ and ln addlLlonţ Lhe amounL of any llens
held by sald lasL redempLloner prlor Lo hls ownţ wlLh lnLeresLŦ 1he properLy may be agalnţ and as ofLen as a redempLloner ls so
dlsposedţ redeemed from any prevlous redempLloner wlLhln slxLy (60) days afLer Lhe lasL redempLlonţ on paylng Lhe sum pald on Lhe
lasL prevlous redempLlonţ wlLh Lwo pet ceotom Lhereon ln addlLlonţ and Lhe amounLs of any assessmenLs or Laxes whlch Lhe lasL
prevlous redempLloner pald afLer Lhe redempLlon Lhereonţ wlLh lnLeresL Lhereonţ and Lhe amounL of any llens held by Lhe lasL
redempLloner prlor Lo hls ownţ wlLh lnLeresLŦ
WrlLLen noLlce of any redempLlon musL be glven Lo Lhe offlcer who made Lhe sale and a dupllcaLe flled wlLh Lhe reglsLry of deeds of
Lhe placeţ and lf any assessmenLs or Laxes are pald by Lhe redempLloner or lf he has or acqulres any llen oLher Lhan LhaL upon whlch
Lhe redempLlon was madeţ noLlce Lhereof musL ln llke manner be glven Lo Lhe offlcer and flled wlLh Lhe reglsLry of deedsŤ lf such
noLlce be noL flledţ Lhe properLy may be redeemed wlLhouL paylng such assessmenLsţ Laxesţ or llensŦ (30a)
Sect|on 29Ŧ íffect of teJemptloo by joJqmeot obllqotţ ooJ o cettlflcote to be JellveteJ ooJ tecotJeJ tbeteopooŤ to wbom poymeots
oo teJemptloo moJeŦ Ÿ lf Lhe [udgmenL obllgor redeems he musL make Lhe same paymenLs as are requlred Lo effecL a redempLlon
by a redempLlonerţ whereuponţ no furLher redempLlon shall be allowed and he ls resLored Lo hls esLaLeŦ 1he person Lo whom Lhe
redempLlon paymenL ls made musL execuLe and dellver Lo hlm a cerLlflcaLe of redempLlon acknowledged before a noLary publlc or
oLher offlcer auLhorlzed Lo Lake acknowledgmenLs of conveyances of real properLyŦ Such cerLlflcaLe musL be flled and recorded ln
Lhe reglsLry of deeds of Lhe place ln whlch Lhe properLy ls slLuaLed and Lhe reglsLrar of deeds musL noLe Lhe record Lhereof on Lhe
margln of Lhe record of Lhe cerLlflcaLe of saleŦ 1he paymenLs menLloned ln Lhls and Lhe lasL precedlng secLlons may be made Lo Lhe
purchaser or redempLlonerţ or for hlm Lo Lhe offlcer who made Lhe saleŦ (31a)
Sect|on 30Ŧ ltoof tepolteJ of teJemptlooetŦ Ÿ A redempLloner musL produce Lo Lhe offlcerţ or person from whom he seeks Lo
redeemţ and serve wlLh hls noLlce Lo Lhe offlcer a copy of Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order under whlch he clalms Lhe rlghL Lo redeemţ
cerLlfled by Lhe clerk of Lhe courL whereln Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order ls enLeredţ orţ lf he redeems upon a morLgage or oLher llenţ a
memorandum of Lhe record Lhereofţ cerLlfled by Lhe reglsLrar of deedsţ or an orlglnal or cerLlfled copy of any asslgnmenL necessary
Lo esLabllsh hls clalmŤ and an affldavlL execuLed by hlm or hls agenLţ showlng Lhe amounL Lhen acLually due on Lhe llenŦ (32a)
Sect|on 31Ŧ Moooet of osloq ptemlses peoJloq teJemptlooŤ woste testtoloeJŦ Ÿ unLll Lhe explraLlon of Lhe Llme allowed for
redempLlonţ Lhe courL mayţ as ln oLher proper casesţ resLraln Lhe commlsslon of wasLe on Lhe properLy by ln[uncLlonţ on Lhe
appllcaLlon of Lhe purchaser or Lhe [udgmenL obllgeeţ wlLh or wlLhouL noLlceŤ buL lL ls noL wasLe for a person ln possesslon of Lhe
properLy aL Lhe Llme of Lhe saleţ or enLlLled Lo possesslon afLerwardsţ durlng Lhe perlod allowed for redempLlonţ Lo conLlnue Lo use lL
ln Lhe same manner ln whlch lL was prevlously usedţ or Lo use lL ln Lhe ordlnary course of husbandryŤ or Lo make Lhe necessary
repalrs Lo bulldlngs Lhereon whlle he occuples Lhe properLyŦ (33a)
Sect|on 32Ŧ keotsţ eotoloqs ooJ locome of ptopetty peoJloq teJemptlooŦ Ÿ 1he purchaser or a redempLloner shall noL be enLlLled Lo
recelve Lhe renLsţ earnlngs and lncome of Lhe properLy sold on execuLlonţ or Lhe value of Lhe use and occupaLlon Lhereof when such
properLy ls ln Lhe possesslon of a LenanLŦ All renLsţ earnlngs and lncome derlved from Lhe properLy pendlng redempLlon shall belong
Lo Lhe [udgmenL obllgor unLll Lhe explraLlon of hls perlod of redempLlonŦ (34a)
Sect|on 33Ŧ ueeJ ooJ possessloo to be qlveo ot expltotloo of teJemptloo petloJŤ by wbom execoteJ ot qlveoŦ Ÿ lf no redempLlon be
made wlLhln one (1) year from Lhe daLe of Lhe reglsLraLlon of Lhe cerLlflcaLe of saleţ Lhe purchaser ls enLlLled Lo a conveyance and
possesslon of Lhe properLyŤ orţ lf so redeemed whenever slxLy (60) days have elapsed and no oLher redempLlon has been madeţ and
noLlce Lhereof glvenţ and Lhe Llme for redempLlon has explredţ Lhe lasL redempLloner ls enLlLled Lo Lhe conveyance and possesslonŤ
buL ln all cases Lhe [udgmenL obllgor shall have Lhe enLlre perlod of one (1) year from Lhe daLe of Lhe reglsLraLlon of Lhe sale Lo
redeem Lhe properLyŦ 1he deed shall be execuLed by Lhe offlcer maklng Lhe sale or by hls successor ln offlceţ and ln Lhe laLLer case
shall have Lhe same valldlLy as Lhough Lhe offlcer maklng Lhe sale had conLlnued ln offlce and execuLed lLŦ
upon Lhe explraLlon of Lhe rlghL of redempLlonţ Lhe purchaser or redempLloner shall be subsLlLuLed Lo and acqulre all Lhe rlghLsţ
LlLleţ lnLeresL and clalm of Lhe [udgmenL obllgor Lo Lhe properLy as of Lhe Llme of Lhe levyŦ 1he possesslon of Lhe properLy shall be
glven Lo Lhe purchaser or lasL redempLloner by Lhe same offlcer unless a Lhlrd parLy adversely Lo Lhe [udgmenL obllgorŦ (33a)
Sect|on 34Ŧ kecovety of ptlce lf sole oot effectlveŤ tevlvol of joJqmeotŦ Ÿ lf Lhe purchaser of real properLy sold on execuLlonţ or hls
successor ln lnLeresLţ falls Lo recover Lhe possesslon Lhereofţ or ls evlcLed Lherefromţ ln consequence of lrregularlLles ln Lhe
proceedlngs concernlng Lhe saleţ or because Lhe [udgmenL has been reversed or seL asldeţ or because Lhe properLy sold was exempL
from execuLlonţ or because a Lhlrd person has vlndlcaLed hls clalm Lo Lhe properLyţ he may on moLlon ln Lhe same acLlon or ln a
separaLe acLlon recover from Lhe [udgmenL obllgee Lhe prlce paldţ wlLh lnLeresLţ or so much Lhereof as has noL been dellvered Lo Lhe
[udgmenL obllgorţ or he mayţ on moLlonţ have Lhe orlglnal [udgmenL revlved ln hls name for Lhe whole prlce wlLh lnLeresLţ or so
much Lhereof as has been dellvered Lo Lhe [udgmenL obllgorŦ 1he [udgmenL so revlved shall have Lhe same force and effecL as an
orlglnal [udgmenL would have as of Lhe daLe of Lhe revlval and no moreŦ (36a)
Sect|on 3SŦ klqbt to coottlbotloo ot telmbotsemeotŦ Ÿ When properLy llable Lo an execuLlon agalnsL several persons ls sold Lhereonţ
and more Lhan a due proporLlon of Lhe [udgmenL ls saLlsfled ouL of Lhe proceeds of Lhe sale of Lhe properLy of one of Lhemţ or one of
Lhem paysţ wlLhouL a saleţ more Lhan hls proporLlonţ he may compel a conLrlbuLlon from Lhe oLhersŤ and when a [udgmenL ls upon
an obllgaLlon of one of Lhemţ as securlLy for anoLherţ and Lhe sureLy pays Lhe amounLţ or any parL Lhereofţ elLher by sale of hls
properLy or before saleţ he may compel repaymenL from Lhe prlnclpalŦ (37a)
Sect|on 36Ŧ íxomlootloo of joJqmeot obllqot wbeo joJqmeot oosotlsfleJŦ Ÿ When Lhe reLurn of a wrlL of execuLlon lssued agalnsL
properLy of a [udgmenL obllgorţ or any one of several obllgors ln Lhe same [udgmenLţ shows LhaL Lhe [udgmenL remalns unsaLlsfledţ
ln whole or ln parLţ Lhe [udgmenL obllgeeţ aL any Llme afLer such reLurn ls madeţ shall be enLlLled Lo an order from Lhe courL whlch
rendered Lhe sald [udgmenLţ requlrlng such [udgmenL obllgor Lo appear and be examlned concernlng hls properLy and lncome
before such courL or before a commlssloner appolnLed by lL aL a speclfled Llme and placeŤ and proceedlngs may Lhereupon be had
for Lhe appllcaLlon of Lhe properLy and lncome of Lhe [udgmenL obllgor Lowards Lhe saLlsfacLlon of Lhe [udgmenLŦ 8uL no [udgmenL
obllgor shall be so requlred Lo appear before a courL or commlssloner ouLslde Lhe provlnce or clLy ln whlch such obllgor resldes or ls
foundŦ (38a)
Sect|on 37Ŧ íxomlootloo of obllqot of joJqmeot obllqotŦ Ÿ When Lhe reLurn of a wrlL of execuLlon agalnsL Lhe properLy of a [udgmenL
obllgor shows LhaL Lhe [udgmenL remaln unsaLlsfledţ ln whole or ln parLţ and upon proof Lo Lhe saLlsfacLlon of Lhe courL whlch lssued
Lhe wrlLţ LhaL a personţ corporaLlonţ or oLher [urldlcal enLlLy has properLy of such [udgmenL obllgor or ls lndebLed Lo hlmţ Lhe courL
mayţ by an orderţ requlre such personţ corporaLlonţ or oLher [urldlcal enLlLyţ or any offlcerţ or member Lhereofţ Lo appear before Lhe
courL or a commlssloner appolnLed by lLţ aL a Llme and place wlLhln Lhe provlnce or clLy where such debLor resldes or ls foundţ and
be examlned concernlng Lhe sameŦ 1he servlce of Lhe order shall blnd all credlLs due Lhe [udgmenL obllgor and all money and
properLy of Lhe [udgmenL obllgor ln Lhe possesslon or ln Lhe conLrol of such person corporaLlonţ or [urldlcal enLlLy from Lhe Llme of
servlceŤ and Lhe courL may also requlre noLlce of such proceedlngs Lo be glven Lo any parLy Lo Lhe acLlon ln such manner as lL may
deem properŦ (39a)
Sect|on 38Ŧ íofotcemeot of otteoJooce ooJ cooJoct of exomlootlooŦ Ÿ A parLy or oLher person may be compelledţ by an order or
subpoenaţ Lo aLLend before Lhe courL or commlssloner Lo LesLlfy as provlded ln Lhe Lwo precedlng secLlonsţ and upon fallure Lo obey
such order or subpoena or Lo be swornţ or Lo answer as a wlLness or Lo subscrlbe hls deposlLlonţ may be punlshed for conLempL as ln
oLher casesŦ LxamlnaLlons shall noL be unduly prolongedţ buL Lhe proceedlngs may be ad[ourned from Llme Lo Llmeţ unLll Lhey are
compleLedŦ lf Lhe examlnaLlon ls before a commlsslonerţ he musL Lake lL ln wrlLlng and cerLlfy lL Lo Lhe courLŦ All examlnaLlons and
answers before a courL commlssloner musL be under oaLhţ and when a corporaLlon or oLher [urldlcal enLlLy answersţ lL musL be on
Lhe oaLh of an auLhorlzed offlcer or agenL LhereofŦ (40a)
Sect|on 39Ŧ Obllqot moy poy execotloo oqolost obllqeeŦ Ÿ AfLer a wrlL of execuLlon agalnsL properLy has been lssuedţ a person
lndebLed Lo Lhe [udgmenL obllgor may pay Lo Lhe sherlff holdlng Lhe wrlL of execuLlon Lhe amounL of hls debL or so much Lhereof as
may be necessary Lo saLlsfy Lhe [udgmenLţ ln Lhe manner prescrlbed ln secLlon 9 of Lhls 8uleţ and Lhe sherlffƌs recelpL shall be a
sufflclenL dlscharge for Lhe amounL so pald or dlrecLed Lo be credlLed by Lhe [udgmenL obllgee on Lhe execuLlonŦ (41a)
Sect|on 40Ŧ OtJet fot oppllcotloo of ptopetty ooJ locome to sotlsfoctloo of joJqmeotŦ Ÿ 1he courL may order any properLy of Lhe
[udgmenL obllgorţ or money due hlmţ noL exempL from execuLlonţ ln Lhe hands of elLher hlmself or anoLher personţ or of a
corporaLlon or oLher [urldlcal enLlLyţ Lo be applled Lo Lhe saLlsfacLlon of Lhe [udgmenLţ sub[ecL Lo any prlor rlghLs over such properLyŦ
lfţ upon lnvesLlgaLlon of hls currenL lncome and expensesţ lL appears LhaL Lhe earnlngs of Lhe [udgmenL obllgor for hls personal
servlces are more Lhan necessary for Lhe supporL of hls famllyţ Lhe courL may order LhaL he pay Lhe [udgmenL ln flxed monLhly
lnsLallmenLsţ and upon hls fallure Lo pay any such lnsLallmenL when due wlLhouL good excuseţ may punlsh hlm for lndlrecL conLempLŦ
(42a)
Sect|on 41Ŧ Appolotmeot of tecelvetŦ Ÿ 1he courL may appolnL a recelver of Lhe properLy of Lhe [udgmenL obllgorŤ and lL may also
forbld a Lransfer or oLher dlsposlLlon ofţ or any lnLerference wlLhţ Lhe properLy of Lhe [udgmenL obllgor noL exempL from execuLlonŦ
(43a)
Sect|on 42Ŧ 5ole of oscettolooble lotetest of joJqmeot obllqot lo teol estoteŦ Ÿ lf lL appears LhaL Lhe [udgmenL obllgor has an lnLeresL
ln real esLaLe ln Lhe place ln whlch proceedlngs are hadţ as morLgagor or morLgagee or oLherŴ wlseţ and hls lnLeresL Lhereln can be
ascerLalned wlLhouL conLroversy Lhe recelver may be ordered Lo sell and convey such real esLaLe or Lhe lnLeresL of Lhe obllgor
LherelnŤ and such sale shall be conducLed ln all respecLs ln Lhe same manner as ls provlded for Lhe sale of real sLaLe upon execuLlonţ
and Lhe proceedlngs Lhereon shall be approved by Lhe courL before Lhe execuLlon of Lhe deedŦ (34a)
Sect|on 43Ŧ ltoceeJloqs wbeo loJebteJoess JeoleJ ot oootbet petsoo clolms tbe ptopettyŦ Ÿ lf lL appears LhaL a person or
corporaLlonţ alleged Lo have properLy of Lhe [udgmenL obllgor or Lo be lndebLed Lo hlmţ clalms an lnLeresL ln Lhe properLy adverse Lo
hlm or denled Lhe debLţ Lhe courL may auLhorlzeţ by an order made Lo LhaL effecLţ Lhe [udgmenL obllgee Lo lnsLlLuLe an acLlon agalnsL
such person or corporaLlon for Lhe recovery of such lnLeresL or debLţ forbld a Lransfer or oLher dlsposlLlon of such lnLeresL or debL
wlLhln one hundred LwenLy (120) days from noLlce of Lhe orderţ and may punlsh dlsobedlence of such order as for conLempLŦ Such
order may be modlfled or vacaLed aL any Llme by Lhe courL whlch lssued lLţ or by Lhe courL ln whlch Lhe acLlon ls broughLţ upon such
Lerms as may be [usLŦ (43a)
Sect|on 44Ŧ íotty of sotlsfoctloo of joJqmeot by cletk of coottŦ Ÿ SaLlsfacLlon of a [udgmenL shall be enLered by Lhe clerk of courL ln
Lhe courL dockeLţ and ln Lhe execuLlon bookţ upon Lhe reLurn of a wrlL of execuLlon showlng Lhe full saLlsfacLlon of Lhe [udgmenLţ or
upon Lhe flllng of an admlsslon Lo Lhe saLlsfacLlon of Lhe [udgmenL execuLed and acknowledged ln Lhe same manner as a conveyance
of real properLy by Lhe [udgmenL obllgee or by hls counsel unless a revocaLlon of hls auLhorlLy ls flledţ or upon Lhe endorsemenL of
such admlsslon by Lhe [udgmenL obllgee or hls counselţ on Lhe face of Lhe record of Lhe [udgmenLŦ (46a)
Sect|on 4SŦ íotty of sotlsfoctloo wltb ot wltboot oJmlsslooŦ Ÿ Whenever a [udgmenL ls saLlsfled ln facLţ or oLherwlse Lhan upon an
execuLlon on demand of Lhe [udgmenL obllgorţ Lhe [udgmenL obllgee or hls counsel musL execuLe and acknowledgeţ or lndorse an
admlsslon of Lhe saLlsfacLlon as provlded ln Lhe lasL precedlng secLlonţ and afLer noLlce and upon moLlon Lhe courL may order elLher
Lhe [udgmenL obllgee or hls counsel Lo do soţ or may order Lhe enLry of saLlsfacLlon Lo be made wlLhouL such admlsslonŦ (47a)
Sect|on 46Ŧ wbeo ptloclpol boooJ by joJqmeot oqolost sotetyŦ Ÿ When a [udgmenL ls rendered agalnsL a parLy who sLands as sureLy
for anoLherţ Lhe laLLer ls also bound from Lhe Llme LhaL he has noLlce of Lhe acLlon or proceedlngţ and an opporLunlLy aL Lhe sureLyƌs
requesL Lo [oln ln Lhe defenseŦ (48a)
Sect|on 47Ŧ íffect of joJqmeots ot flool otJetsŦ Ÿ 1he effecL of a [udgmenL or flnal order rendered by a courL of Lhe Þhlllpplnesţ
havlng [urlsdlcLlon Lo pronounce Lhe [udgmenL or flnal orderţ may be as followsť
(a) ln case of a [udgmenL or flnal order agalnsL a speclflc Lhlngţ or ln respecL Lo Lhe probaLe of a wlllţ or Lhe admlnlsLraLlon
of Lhe esLaLe of a deceased personţ or ln respecL Lo Lhe personalţ pollLlcalţ or legal condlLlon or sLaLus of a parLlcular
person or hls relaLlonshlp Lo anoLherţ Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order ls concluslve upon Lhe LlLle Lo Lhe Lhlngţ Lhe wlll or
admlnlsLraLlon or Lhe condlLlonţ sLaLus or relaLlonshlp of Lhe personţ howeverţ Lhe probaLe of a wlll or granLlng of leLLers
of admlnlsLraLlon shall only be ptlmo focle evldence of Lhe deaLh of Lhe LesLaLor or lnLesLaLeŤ
(b) ln oLher casesţ Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order lsţ wlLh respecL Lo Lhe maLLer dlrecLly ad[udged or as Lo any oLher maLLer
LhaL could have been mlssed ln relaLlon LhereLoţ concluslve beLween Lhe parLles and Lhelr successors ln lnLeresLţ by LlLle
subsequenL Lo Lhe commencemenL of Lhe acLlon or speclal proceedlngţ llLlgaLlng for Lhe same Lhlng and under Lhe same
LlLle and ln Lhe same capaclLyŤ and
(c) ln any oLher llLlgaLlon beLween Lhe same parLles or Lhelr successors ln lnLeresLţ LhaL only ls deemed Lo have been
ad[udged ln a former [udgmenL or flnal order whlch appears upon lLs face Lo have been so ad[udgedţ or whlch was
acLually and necessarlly lncluded Lhereln or necessary LhereLoŦ (49a)
Sect|on 48Ŧ íffect of fotelqo joJqmeots ot flool otJetsŦ Ÿ 1he effecL of a [udgmenL or flnal order of a Lrlbunal of a forelgn counLryţ
havlng [urlsdlcLlon Lo render Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order ls as followsť
(a) ln case of a [udgmenL or flnal order upon a speclflc Lhlngţ Lhe [udgmenL or flnal orderţ ls concluslve upon Lhe LlLle Lo
Lhe Lhlngţ and
(b) ln case of a [udgmenL or flnal order agalnsL a personţ Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order ls presumpLlve evldence of a rlghL as
beLween Lhe parLles and Lhelr successors ln lnLeresL by a subsequenL LlLleŦ
ln elLher caseţ Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order may be repelled by evldence of a wanL of [urlsdlcLlonţ wanL of noLlce Lo Lhe parLyţ
colluslonţ fraudţ or clear mlsLake of law or facLŦ (30a)

Appea|s

kULL 40
Appea| Irom Mun|c|pa| 1r|a| Courts to the keg|ona| 1r|a| Courts
Sect|on 1Ŧ wbete to oppeolŦ Ÿ An appeal from a [udgmenL or flnal order of a Munlclpal 1rlal CourL may be Laken Lo Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal
CourL exerclslng [urlsdlcLlon over Lhe area Lo whlch Lhe former perLalnsŦ 1he LlLle of Lhe case shall remaln as lL was ln Lhe courL of
orlglnţ buL Lhe parLy appeallng Lhe case shall be furLher referred Lo as Lhe appellanL and Lhe adverse parLy as Lhe appelleeŦ (a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ wbeo to oppeolŦ Ÿ An appeal may be Laken wlLhln flfLeen (13) days afLer noLlce Lo Lhe appellanL of Lhe [udgmenL or flnal
order appealed fromŦ Where a record on appeal ls requlredţ Lhe appellanL shall flle a noLlce of appeal and a record on appeal wlLhln
LhlrLy (30) days afLer noLlce of Lhe [udgmenL or flnal orderŦ
1he perlod of appeal shall be lnLerrupLed by a Llmely moLlon for new Lrlal or reconslderaLlonŦ no moLlon for exLenslon of Llme Lo flle
a moLlon for new Lrlal or reconslderaLlon shall be allowedŦ (n)
Sect|on 3Ŧ now to oppeolŦ Ÿ 1he appeal ls Laken by flllng a noLlce of appeal wlLh Lhe courL LhaL rendered Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order
appealed fromŦ 1he noLlce of appeal shall lndlcaLe Lhe parLles Lo Lhe appealţ Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order or parL Lhereof appealed
fromţ and sLaLe Lhe maLerlal daLes showlng Lhe Llmellness of Lhe appealŦ
A record on appeal shall be requlred only ln speclal proceedlngs and ln oLher cases of mulLlple or separaLe appealsŦ
1he form and conLenLs of Lhe record on appeal shall be as provlded ln secLlon 6ţ 8ule 41Ŧ
Coples of Lhe noLlce of appealţ and Lhe record on appeal where requlredţ shall be served on Lhe adverse parLyŦ (n)
Sect|on 4Ŧ letfectloo of oppeolŤ effect tbeteofŦ Ÿ 1he perfecLlon of Lhe appeal and Lhe effecL Lhereof shall be governed by Lhe
provlslons of secLlon 9ţ 8ule 41Ŧ (n)
Sect|on SŦ Appellote coott Jocket ooJ otbet lowfol feesŦ Ÿ WlLhln Lhe perlod for Laklng an appealţ Lhe appellanL shall pay Lo Lhe clerk
of Lhe courL whlch rendered Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order appealed from Lhe full amounL of Lhe appellaLe courL dockeL and oLher
lawful feesŦ Þroof of paymenL Lhereof shall be LransmlLLed Lo Lhe appellaLe courL LogeLher wlLh Lhe orlglnal record or Lhe record on
appealţ as Lhe case may beŦ (n)
Sect|on 6Ŧ uoty of tbe cletk of coottŦ Ÿ WlLhln flfLeen (13) days from Lhe perfecLlon of Lhe appealţ Lhe clerk of courL or Lhe branch
clerk of courL of Lhe lower courL shall LransmlL Lhe orlglnal record or Lhe record on appealţ LogeLher wlLh Lhe LranscrlpLs and exhlblLsţ
whlch he shall cerLlfy as compleLeţ Lo Lhe proper 8eglonal 1rlal CourLŦ A copy of hls leLLer of LransmlLLal of Lhe records Lo Lhe
appellaLe courL shall be furnlshed Lhe parLlesŦ (n)
Sect|on 7Ŧ ltoceJote lo tbe keqloool 1tlol coottŦ Ÿ
(a) upon recelpL of Lhe compleLe record or Lhe record on appealţ Lhe clerk of courL of Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourL shall noLlfy
Lhe parLles of such facLŦ
(b) WlLhln flfLeen (13) days from such noLlceţ lL shall be Lhe duLy of Lhe appellanL Lo submlL a memorandum whlch shall
brlefly dlscuss Lhe errors lmpuLed Lo Lhe lower courLţ a copy of whlch shall be furnlshed by hlm Lo Lhe adverse parLyŦ
WlLhln flfLeen (13) days from recelpL of Lhe appellanLƌs memorandumţ Lhe appellee may flle hls memorandumŦ lallure of
Lhe appellanL Lo flle a memorandum shall be a ground for dlsmlssal of Lhe appealŦ
(c) upon Lhe flllng of Lhe memorandum of Lhe appelleeţ or Lhe explraLlon of Lhe perlod Lo do soţ Lhe case shall be
consldered submlLLed for declslonŦ 1he 8eglonal 1rlal CourL shall declde Lhe case on Lhe basls of Lhe enLlre record of Lhe
proceedlngs had ln Lhe courL of orlglnal and such memoranda as are flledŦ (n)
Sect|on 8Ŧ Appeol ftom otJets Jlsmlssloq cose wltboot ttlolŤ lock of jotlsJlctlooŦ Ÿ lf an appeal ls Laken from an order of Lhe lower
courL dlsmlsslng Lhe case wlLhouL a Lrlal on Lhe merlLsţ Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourL may afflrm or reverse lLţ as Lhe case may beŦ ln case
of afflrmance and Lhe ground of dlsmlssal ls lack of [urlsdlcLlon over Lhe sub[ecL maLLerţ Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourLţ lf lL has [urlsdlcLlon
Lhereoverţ shall Lry Lhe case on Lhe merlLs as lf Lhe case was orlglnally flled wlLh lLŦ ln case of reversalţ Lhe case shall be remanded for
furLher proceedlngsŦ
lf Lhe case was Lrled on Lhe merlLs by Lhe lower courL wlLhouL [urlsdlcLlon over Lhe sub[ecL maLLerţ Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourL on appeal
shall noL dlsmlss Lhe case lf lL has orlglnal [urlsdlcLlon Lhereofţ buL shall declde Lhe case ln accordance wlLh Lhe precedlng secLlonţ
wlLhouL pre[udlce Lo Lhe admlsslon of amended pleadlngs and addlLlonal evldence ln Lhe lnLeresL of [usLlceŦ (n)
Sect|on 9Ŧ Appllcoblllty of kole 41Ŧ Ÿ 1he oLher provlslons of 8ule 41 shall apply Lo appeals provlded for hereln lnsofar as Lhey are
noL lnconslsLenL wlLh or may serve Lo supplemenL Lhe provlslons of Lhls 8uleŦ (n)

kULL 41
Appea| Irom 1he keg|ona| 1r|a| Courts
Sect|on 1Ŧ 5object of oppeolŦ Ÿ An appeal may be Laken from a [udgmenL or flnal order LhaL compleLely dlsposes of Lhe caseţ or of a
parLlcular maLLer Lhereln when declared by Lhese 8ules Lo be appealableŦ
no appeal may be Laken fromť
(a) An order denylng a moLlon for new Lrlal or reconslderaLlonŤ
(b) An order denylng a peLlLlon for rellef or any slmllar moLlon seeklng rellef from [udgmenLŤ
(c) An lnLerlocuLory orderŤ
(d) An order dlsallowlng or dlsmlsslng an appealŤ
(e) An order denylng a moLlon Lo seL aslde a [udgmenL by consenLţ confesslon or compromlse on Lhe ground of fraudţ
mlsLake or duressţ or any oLher ground vlLlaLlng consenLŤ
(f) An order of execuLlonŤ
(g) A [udgmenL or flnal order for or agalnsL one or more of several parLles or ln separaLe clalmsţ counLerclalmsţ crossŴ
clalms and LhlrdŴparLy complalnLsţ whlle Lhe maln case ls pendlngţ unless Lhe courL allows an appeal LherefromŤ and
(h) An order dlsmlsslng an acLlon wlLhouL pre[udlceŦ
ln all Lhe above lnsLances where Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order ls noL appealableţ Lhe aggrleved parLy may flle an approprlaLe speclal
clvll acLlon under 8ule 63Ŧ (n)
Sect|on 2Ŧ MoJes of oppeolŦ Ÿ
(a) OtJlooty oppeolŦ Ÿ 1he appeal Lo Lhe CourL of Appeals ln cases declded by Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourL ln Lhe exerclse of
lLs orlglnal [urlsdlcLlon shall be Laken by flllng a noLlce of appeal wlLh Lhe courL whlch rendered Lhe [udgmenL or flnal
order appealed from and servlng a copy Lhereof upon Lhe adverse parLyŦ no record on appeal shall be requlred excepL ln
speclal proceedlngs and oLher cases of mulLlple or separaLe appeals where law on Lhese 8ules so requlreŦ ln such casesţ
Lhe record on appeal shall be flled and served ln llke mannerŦ
(b) letltloo fot tevlewŦ Ÿ 1he appeal Lo Lhe CourL of Appeals ln cases declded by Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourL ln Lhe exerclse
of lLs appellaLe [urlsdlcLlon shall be by peLlLlon for revlew ln accordance wlLh 8ule 42Ŧ
(c) Appeol by cettlototlŦ Ÿ ln all cases where only quesLlons of law are ralsed or lnvolvedţ Lhe appeal shall be Lo Lhe
Supreme CourL by peLlLlon for revlew on cettlototl ln accordance wlLh Lhe 8ule 43Ŧ (n)
Sect|on 3Ŧ letloJ of otJlooty oppeolŦ Ÿ 1he appeal shall be Laken wlLhln flfLeen (13) days from noLlce of Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order
appealed fromŦ Where a record on appeal ls requlredţ Lhe appellanL shall flle a noLlce of appeal and a record on appeal wlLhln LhlrLy
(30) days from noLlce of Lhe [udgmenL or flnal orderŦ
1he perlod of appeal shall be lnLerrupLed by a Llmely moLlon for new Lrlal or reconslderaLlonŦ no moLlon for exLenslon of Llme Lo flle
a moLlon for new Lrlal or reconslderaLlon shall be allowedŦ (n)
Sect|on 4Ŧ Appellote coott Jocket ooJ otbet lowfol feesŦ Ÿ WlLhln Lhe perlod for Laklng an appealţ Lhe appellanL shall pay Lo Lhe clerk
of Lhe courL whlch rendered Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order appealed fromţ Lhe full amounL of Lhe appellaLe courL dockeL and oLher
lawful feesŦ Þroof of paymenL of sald fees shall be LransmlLLed Lo Lhe appellaLe courL LogeLher wlLh Lhe orlglnal record or Lhe record
on appealŦ (n)
Sect|on SŦ Notlce of oppeolŦ Ÿ 1he noLlce of appeal shall lndlcaLe Lhe parLles Lo Lhe appealţ speclfy Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order or
parL Lhereof appealed fromţ speclfy Lhe courL Lo whlch Lhe appeal ls belng Lakenţ and sLaLe Lhe maLerlal daLes showlng Lhe
Llmellness of Lhe appealŦ (4a)
Sect|on 6Ŧ kecotJ oo oppeolŤ fotm ooJ cooteots tbeteofŦ Ÿ 1he full names of all Lhe parLles Lo Lhe proceedlngs shall be sLaLed ln Lhe
capLlon of Lhe record on appeal and lL shall lnclude Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order from whlch Lhe appeal ls Laken andţ ln chronologlcal
orderţ coples of only such pleadlngsţ peLlLlonsţ moLlons and all lnLerlocuLory orders as are relaLed Lo Lhe appealed [udgmenL or flnal
order for Lhe proper undersLandlng of Lhe lssue lnvolvedţ LogeLher wlLh such daLa as wlll show LhaL Lhe appeal was perfecLed on
LlmeŦ lf an lssue of facL ls Lo be ralsed on appealţ Lhe record on appeal shall lnclude by reference all Lhe evldenceţ LesLlmonlal and
documenLaryţ Laken upon Lhe lssue lnvolvedŦ 1he reference shall speclfy Lhe documenLary evldence by Lhe exhlblL numbers or
leLLers by whlch lL was ldenLlfled when admlLLed or offered aL Lhe hearlngţ and Lhe LesLlmonlal evldence by Lhe names of Lhe
correspondlng wlLnessesŦ lf Lhe whole LesLlmonlal and documenLary evldence ln Lhe case ls Lo be lncludedţ a sLaLemenL Lo LhaL effecL
wlll be sufflclenL wlLhouL menLlonlng Lhe names of Lhe wlLnesses or Lhe numbers or leLLers of exhlblLsŦ Lvery record on appeal
exceedlng LwenLy (20) pages musL conLaln a sub[ecL lndexŦ (6a)
Sect|on 7Ŧ Apptovol of tecotJ oo oppeolŦ Ÿ upon Lhe flllng of Lhe record on appeal for approval and lf no ob[ecLlon ls flled by Lhe
appellee wlLhln flve (3) days from recelpL of a copy Lhereofţ Lhe Lrlal courL may approve lL as presenLed or upon lLs own moLlon or aL
Lhe lnsLance of Lhe appelleeţ may dlrecL lLs amendmenL by Lhe lncluslon of any omlLLed maLLers whlch are deemed essenLlal Lo Lhe
deLermlnaLlon of Lhe lssue of law or facL lnvolved ln Lhe appealŦ lf Lhe Lrlal courL orders Lhe amendmenL of Lhe recordţ Lhe appellanLţ
wlLhln Lhe Llme llmlLed ln Lhe orderţ or such exLenslon Lhereof as may be granLedţ or lf no Llme ls flxed by Lhe order wlLhln Len (10)
days from recelpL Lhereofţ shall redrafL Lhe record by lncludlng Lherelnţ ln Lhelr proper chronologlcal sequenceţ such addlLlonal
maLLers as Lhe courL may have dlrecLed hlm Lo lncorporaLeţ and shall Lhereupon submlL Lhe redrafLed record for approvalţ upon
noLlce Lo Lhe appelleeţ ln llke manner as Lhe orlglnal drafLŦ (7a)
Sect|on 8Ŧ Iolot tecotJ oo oppeolŦ Ÿ Where boLh parLles are appellanLsţ Lhey may flle a [olnL record on appeal wlLhln Lhe Llme flxed
by secLlon 3 of Lhls 8uleţ or LhaL flxed by Lhe courLŦ (8a)
Sect|on 9Ŧ letfectloo of oppeolŤ effect tbeteofŦ Ÿ A parLyƌs appeal by noLlce of appeal ls deemed perfecLed as Lo hlm upon Lhe flllng
of Lhe noLlce of appeal ln due LlmeŦ
A parLyƌs appeal by record on appeal ls deemed perfecLed as Lo hlm wlLh respecL Lo Lhe sub[ecL maLLer Lhereof upon Lhe approval of
Lhe record on appeal flled ln due LlmeŦ
ln appeals by noLlce of appealţ Lhe courL loses [urlsdlcLlon over Lhe case upon Lhe perfecLlon of Lhe appeals flled ln due Llme and Lhe
explraLlon of Lhe Llme Lo appeal of Lhe oLher parLlesŦ
ln appeals by record on appealţ Lhe courL loses [urlsdlcLlon only over Lhe sub[ecL maLLer Lhereof upon Lhe approval of Lhe records on
appeal flled ln due Llme and Lhe explraLlon of Lhe appeal of Lhe oLher parLlesŦ
ln elLher caseţ prlor Lo Lhe LransmlLLal of Lhe orlglnal record or Lhe record on appealţ Lhe courL may lssue orders for Lhe proLecLlon
and preservaLlon of Lhe rlghLs of Lhe parLles whlch do noL lnvolve any maLLer llLlgaLed by Lhe appealţ approve compromlsesţ permlL
appeals of lndlgenL llLlganLsţ order execuLlon pendlng appeal ln accordance wlLh 2 of 8ule 39ţ and allow wlLhdrawal of Lhe appealŦ
(9a)
Sect|on 10Ŧ uoty of cletk of coott of tbe lowet coott opoo petfectloo of oppeolŦ Ÿ WlLhln LhlrLy (30) days afLer perfecLlon of all Lhe
appeals ln accordance wlLh Lhe precedlng secLlonţ lL shall be Lhe duLy of Lhe clerk of courL of Lhe lower courLť
(a) 1o verlfy Lhe correcLness of Lhe orlglnal record or Lhe record on appealţ as Lhe case may be ald Lo make cerLlflcaLlon of
lLs correcLnessŤ
(b) 1o verlfy Lhe compleLeness of Lhe records LhaL wlll beţ LransmlLLed Lo Lhe appellaLe courLŤ
(c) lf found Lo be lncompleLeţ Lo Lake such measures as may be requlred Lo compleLe Lhe recordsţ avalllng of Lhe auLhorlLy
LhaL he or Lhe courL may exerclse for Lhls purposeŤ and
(d) 1o LransmlL Lhe records Lo Lhe appellaLe courLŦ
lf Lhe efforLs Lo compleLe Lhe records fallţ he shall lndlcaLe ln hls leLLer of LransmlLLal Lhe exhlblLs or LranscrlpLs noL lncluded ln Lhe
records belng LransmlLLed Lo Lhe appellaLe courLţ Lhe reasons for Lhelr nonŴLransmlLLalţ and Lhe sLeps Laken or LhaL could be Laken Lo
have Lhem avallableŦ
1he clerk of courL shall furnlsh Lhe parLles wlLh coples of hls leLLer of LransmlLLal of Lhe records Lo Lhe appellaLe courLŦ (10a)
Sect|on 11Ŧ 1toosctlptŦ Ÿ upon Lhe perfecLlon of Lhe appealţ Lhe clerk shall lmmedlaLely dlrecL Lhe sLenographers concerned Lo
aLLach Lo Lhe record of Lhe case flve (3) coples of Lhe LranscrlpLs of Lhe LesLlmonlal evldence referred Lo ln Lhe record on appealŦ 1he
sLenographers concerned shall Lranscrlbe such LesLlmonlal evldence and shall prepare and afflx Lo Lhelr LranscrlpLs an lndex
conLalnlng Lhe names of Lhe wlLnesses and Lhe pages whereln Lhelr LesLlmonles are foundţ and a llsL of Lhe exhlblLs and Lhe pages
whereln each of Lhem appears Lo have been offered and admlLLed or re[ecLed by Lhe Lrlal courLŦ 1he LranscrlpLs shall be LransmlLLed
Lo Lhe clerk of Lhe Lrlal courL who shall Lhereupon arrange Lhe same ln Lhe order ln whlch Lhe wlLnesses LesLlfled aL Lhe Lrlalţ and
shall cause Lhe pages Lo be numbered consecuLlvelyŦ (12a)
Sect|on 12Ŧ 1toosmlttolŦ Ÿ 1he clerk of Lhe Lrlal courL shall LransmlL Lo Lhe appellaLe courL Lhe orlglnal record or Lhe approved record
on appeal wlLhln LhlrLy (30) days from Lhe perfecLlon of Lhe appealţ LogeLher wlLh Lhe proof of paymenL of Lhe appellaLe courL
dockeL and oLher lawful feesţ a cerLlfled Lrue copy of Lhe mlnuLes of Lhe proceedlngsţ Lhe order of approvalţ Lhe cerLlflcaLe of
correcLnessţ Lhe orlglnal documenLary evldence referred Lo Lherelnţ and Lhe orlglnal and Lhree (3) coples of Lhe LranscrlpLsŦ Coples of
Lhe LranscrlpLs and cerLlfled Lrue coples of Lhe documenLary evldence shall remaln ln Lhe lower courL for Lhe examlnaLlon of Lhe
parLlesŦ (11a)
Sect|on 13Ŧ ulsmlssol of oppeolŦ Ÿ Þrlor Lo Lhe LransmlLLal of Lhe orlglnal record or Lhe record on appeal Lo Lhe appellaLe courLţ Lhe
Lrlal courL may moto ptoplo or on moLlon dlsmlss Lhe appeal for havlng been Laken ouL of LlmeŦ (14a)

kULL 42
Þet|t|on for kev|ew Irom the keg|ona| 1r|a| Courts to the Court of Appea|s
Sect|on 1Ŧ now oppeol tokeoŤ tlme fot fllloqŦ Ÿ A parLy deslrlng Lo appeal from a declslon of Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourL rendered ln Lhe
exerclse of lLs appellaLe [urlsdlcLlon may flle a verlfled peLlLlon for revlew wlLh Lhe CourL of Appealsţ paylng aL Lhe same Llme Lo Lhe
clerk of sald courL Lhe correspondlng dockeL and oLher lawful feesţ deposlLlng Lhe amounL of Þ300Ŧ00 for cosLsţ and furnlshlng Lhe
8eglonal 1rlal CourL and Lhe adverse parLy wlLh a copy of Lhe peLlLlonŦ 1he peLlLlon shall be flled and served wlLhln flfLeen (13) days
from noLlce of Lhe declslon soughL Lo be revlewed or of Lhe denlal of peLlLlonerƌs moLlon for new Lrlal or reconslderaLlon flled ln due
Llme afLer [udgmenLŦ upon proper moLlon and Lhe paymenL of Lhe full amounL of Lhe dockeL and oLher lawful fees and Lhe deposlL
for cosLs before Lhe explraLlon of Lhe reglemenLary perlodţ Lhe CourL of Appeals may granL an addlLlonal perlod of flfLeen (13) days
only wlLhln whlch Lo flle Lhe peLlLlon for revlewŦ no furLher exLenslon shall be granLed excepL for Lhe mosL compelllng reason and ln
no case Lo exceed flfLeen (13) daysŦ (n)
Sect|on 2Ŧ lotm ooJ cooteotsŦ Ÿ 1he peLlLlon shall be flled ln seven (7) leglble coplesţ wlLh Lhe orlglnal copy lnLended for Lhe courL
belng lndlcaLed as such by Lhe peLlLlonerţ and shall (a) sLaLe Lhe full names of Lhe parLles Lo Lhe caseţ wlLhouL lmpleadlng Lhe lower
courLs or [udges Lhereof elLher as peLlLloners or respondenLsŤ (b) lndlcaLe Lhe speclflc maLerlal daLes showlng LhaL lL was flled on
LlmeŤ (c) seL forLh conclsely a sLaLemenL of Lhe maLLers lnvolvedţ Lhe lssues ralsedţ Lhe speclflcaLlon of errors of facL or lawţ or boLhţ
allegedly commlLLed by Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourLţ and Lhe reasons or argumenLs relled upon for Lhe allowance of Lhe appealŤ (d) be
accompanled by clearly leglble dupllcaLe orlglnals or Lrue coples of Lhe [udgmenLs or flnal orders of boLh lower courLsţ cerLlfled
correcL by Lhe clerk of courL of Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourLţ Lhe requlslLe number of plaln coples Lhereof and of Lhe pleadlngs and oLher
maLerlal porLlons of Lhe record as would supporL Lhe allegaLlons of Lhe peLlLlonŦ
1he peLlLloner shall also submlL LogeLher wlLh Lhe peLlLlon a cerLlflcaLlon under oaLh LhaL he has noL LhereLofore commenced any
oLher acLlon lnvolvlng Lhe same lssues ln Lhe Supreme CourLţ Lhe CourL of Appeals or dlfferenL dlvlslons Lhereofţ or any oLher
Lrlbunal or agencyŤ lf Lhere ls such oLher acLlon or proceedlngţ he musL sLaLe Lhe sLaLus of Lhe sameŤ and lf he should LhereafLer learn
LhaL a slmllar acLlon or proceedlng has been flled or ls pendlng before Lhe Supreme CourLţ Lhe CourL of Appealsţ or dlfferenL dlvlslons
Lhereofţ or any oLher Lrlbunal or agencyţ he underLakes Lo prompLly lnform Lhe aforesald courLs and oLher Lrlbunal or agency Lhereof
wlLhln flve (3) days LherefromŦ (n)
Sect|on 3Ŧ íffect of follote to comply wltb tepoltemeotsŦ Ÿ 1he fallure of Lhe peLlLloner Lo comply wlLh any of Lhe foregolng
requlremenLs regardlng Lhe paymenL of Lhe dockeL and oLher lawful feesţ Lhe deposlL for cosLsţ proof of servlce of Lhe peLlLlonţ and
Lhe conLenLs of and Lhe documenLs whlch should accompany Lhe peLlLlon shall be sufflclenL ground for Lhe dlsmlssal LhereofŦ (n)
Sect|on 4Ŧ Actloo oo tbe petltlooŦ Ÿ 1he CourL of Appeals may requlre Lhe respondenL Lo flle a commenL on Lhe peLlLlonţ noL a
moLlon Lo dlsmlssţ wlLhln Len (10) days from noLlceţ or dlsmlss Lhe peLlLlon lf lL flnds Lhe same Lo be paLenLly wlLhouL merlLţ
prosecuLed manlfesLly for delayţ or LhaL Lhe quesLlons ralsed Lhereln are Loo lnsubsLanLlal Lo requlre conslderaLlonŦ (n)
Sect|on SŦ cooteots of commeotŦ Ÿ 1he commenL of Lhe respondenL shall be flled ln seven (7) leglble coplesţ accompanled by
cerLlfled Lrue coples of such maLerlal porLlons of Lhe record referred Lo Lhereln LogeLher wlLh oLher supporLlng papers and shall (a)
sLaLe wheLher or noL he accepLs Lhe sLaLemenL of maLLers lnvolved ln Lhe peLlLlonŤ (b) polnL ouL such lnsufflclencles or lnaccuracles
as he belleves exlsL ln peLlLlonerƌs sLaLemenL of maLLers lnvolved buL wlLhouL repeLlLlonŤ and (c) sLaLe Lhe reasons why Lhe peLlLlon
should noL be glven due courseŦ A copy Lhereof shall be served on Lhe peLlLlonerŦ (a)
Sect|on 6Ŧ uoe cootseŦ Ÿ lf upon Lhe flllng of Lhe commenL or such oLher pleadlngs as Lhe courL may allow or requlreţ or afLer Lhe
explraLlon of Lhe perlod for Lhe flllng Lhereof wlLhouL such commenL or pleadlng havlng been submlLLedţ Lhe CourL of Appeals
flnds ptlmo focle LhaL Lhe lower courL has commlLLed an error of facL or law LhaL wlll warranL a reversal or modlflcaLlon of Lhe
appealed declslonţ lL may accordlngly glve due course Lo Lhe peLlLlonŦ (n)
Sect|on 7Ŧ ílevotloo of tecotJŦ Ÿ Whenever Lhe CourL of Appeals deems lL necessaryţ lL may order Lhe clerk of courL of Lhe 8eglonal
1rlal CourL Lo elevaLe Lhe orlglnal record of Lhe case lncludlng Lhe oral and documenLary evldence wlLhln flfLeen (13) days from
noLlceŦ (n)
Sect|on 8Ŧ letfectloo of oppeolŤ effect tbeteofŦ Ÿ (a) upon Lhe Llmely flllng of a peLlLlon for revlew and Lhe paymenL of Lhe
correspondlng dockeL and oLher lawful feesţ Lhe appeal ls deemed perfecLed as Lo Lhe peLlLlonerŦ
1he 8eglonal 1rlal CourL loses [urlsdlcLlon over Lhe case upon Lhe perfecLlon of Lhe appeals flled ln due Llme and Lhe explraLlon of Lhe
Llme Lo appeal of Lhe oLher parLlesŦ
Poweverţ before Lhe CourL of Appeals glves due course Lo Lhe peLlLlonţ Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourL may lssue orders for Lhe proLecLlon
and preservaLlon of Lhe rlghLs of Lhe parLles whlch do noL lnvolve any maLLer llLlgaLed by Lhe appealţ approve compromlsesţ permlL
appeals of lndlgenL llLlganLsţ order execuLlon pendlng appeal ln accordance wlLh secLlon 2 of 8ule 39ţ and allow wlLhdrawal of Lhe
appealŦ (9aţ 841)
(b) LxcepL ln clvll cases declded under Lhe 8ule on Summary Þrocedureţ Lhe appeal shall sLay Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order unless Lhe
CourL of Appealsţ Lhe lawţ or Lhese 8ules shall provlde oLherwlseŦ (a)
Sect|on 9Ŧ 5obmlssloo fot JeclslooŦ Ÿ lf Lhe peLlLlon ls glven due courseţ Lhe CourL of Appeals may seL Lhe case for oral argumenL or
requlre Lhe parLles Lo submlL memoranda wlLhln a perlod of flfLeen (13) days from noLlceŦ 1he case shall be deemed submlLLed for
declslon upon Lhe flllng of Lhe lasL pleadlng or memorandum requlred by Lhese 8ules or by Lhe courL lLselfŦ (n)

kULL 43
Appea|s Irom the Court of 1ax Appea|s and Çuas|ŴIud|c|a| Agenc|es to the Court of Appea|s
Sect|on 1Ŧ 5copeŦ Ÿ 1hls 8ule shall apply Lo appeals from [udgmenLs or flnal orders of Lhe CourL of 1ax Appeals and from awardsţ
[udgmenLsţ flnal orders or resoluLlons of or auLhorlzed by any quaslŴ[udlclal agency ln Lhe exerclse of lLs quaslŴ[udlclal funcLlonsŦ
Among Lhese agencles are Lhe Clvll Servlce Commlsslonţ CenLral 8oard of AssessmenL Appealsţ SecurlLles and Lxchange Commlsslonţ
Cfflce of Lhe ÞresldenLţ Land 8eglsLraLlon AuLhorlLyţ Soclal SecurlLy Commlsslonţ Clvll AeronauLlcs 8oardţ 8ureau of ÞaLenLsţ
1rademarks and 1echnology 1ransferţ naLlonal LlecLrlflcaLlon AdmlnlsLraLlonţ Lnergy 8egulaLory 8oardţ naLlonal
1elecommunlcaLlons Commlsslonţ ueparLmenL of Agrarlan 8eform under 8epubllc AcL noŦ 6637ţ CovernmenL Servlce lnsurance
SysLemţ Lmployees CompensaLlon Commlsslonţ AgrlculLural lnvenLlon 8oardţ lnsurance Commlsslonţ Þhlllpplne ALomlc Lnergy
Commlsslonţ 8oard of lnvesLmenLsţ ConsLrucLlon lndusLry ArblLraLlon Commlsslonţ and volunLary arblLraLors auLhorlzed by lawŦ (n)
Sect|on 2Ŧ coses oot coveteJŦ Ÿ 1hls 8ule shall noL apply Lo [udgmenLs or flnal orders lssued under Lhe Labor Code of Lhe ÞhlllpplnesŦ
(n)
Sect|on 3Ŧ wbete to oppeolŦ Ÿ An appeal under Lhls 8ule may be Laken Lo Lhe CourL of Appeals wlLhln Lhe perlod and ln Lhe manner
hereln provldedţ wheLher Lhe appeal lnvolves quesLlons of facLţ of lawţ or mlxed quesLlons of facL and lawŦ (n)
Sect|on 4Ŧ letloJ of oppeolŦ Ÿ 1he appeal shall be Laken wlLhln flfLeen (13) days from noLlce of Lhe awardţ [udgmenLţ flnal order or
resoluLlonţ or from Lhe daLe of lLs lasL publlcaLlonţ lf publlcaLlon ls requlred by law for lLs effecLlvlLyţ or of Lhe denlal of peLlLlonerƌs
moLlon for new Lrlal or reconslderaLlon duly flled ln accordance wlLh Lhe governlng law of Lhe courL or agency o pooŦ Cnly one (1)
moLlon for reconslderaLlon shall be allowedŦ upon proper moLlon and Lhe paymenL of Lhe full amounL of Lhe dockeL fee before Lhe
explraLlon of Lhe reglemenLary perlodţ Lhe CourL of Appeals may granL an addlLlonal perlod of flfLeen (13) days only wlLhln whlch Lo
flle Lhe peLlLlon for revlewŦ no furLher exLenslon shall be granLed excepL for Lhe mosL compelllng reason and ln no case Lo exceed
flfLeen (13) daysŦ (n)
Sect|on SŦ now oppeol tokeoŦ Ÿ Appeal shall be Laken by flllng a verlfled peLlLlon for revlew ln seven (7) leglble coples wlLh Lhe CourL
of Appealsţ wlLh proof of servlce of a copy Lhereof on Lhe adverse parLy and on Lhe courL or agencyo pooŦ 1he orlglnal copy of Lhe
peLlLlon lnLended for Lhe CourL of Appeals shall be lndlcaLed as such by Lhe peLlLlonerŦ
upon Lhe flllng of Lhe peLlLlonţ Lhe peLlLloner shall pay Lo Lhe clerk of courL of Lhe CourL of Appeals Lhe dockeLlng and oLher lawful
fees and deposlL Lhe sum of Þ300Ŧ00 for cosLsŦ LxempLlon from paymenL of dockeLlng and oLher lawful fees and Lhe deposlL for cosLs
may be granLed by Lhe CourL of Appeals upon a verlfled moLlon seLLlng forLh valld grounds LhereforŦ lf Lhe CourL of Appeals denles
Lhe moLlonţ Lhe peLlLloner shall pay Lhe dockeLlng and oLher lawful fees and deposlL for cosLs wlLhln flfLeen (13) days from noLlce of
Lhe denlalŦ (n)
Sect|on 6Ŧ cooteots of tbe petltlooŦ Ÿ 1he peLlLlon for revlew shall (a) sLaLe Lhe full names of Lhe parLles Lo Lhe caseţ wlLhouL
lmpleadlng Lhe courL or agencles elLher as peLlLloners or respondenLsŤ (b) conLaln a conclse sLaLemenL of Lhe facLs and lssues
lnvolved and Lhe grounds relled upon for Lhe revlewŤ (c) be accompanled by a clearly leglble dupllcaLe orlglnal or a cerLlfled Lrue
copy of Lhe awardţ [udgmenLţ flnal order or resoluLlon appealed fromţ LogeLher wlLh cerLlfled Lrue coples of such maLerlal porLlons of
Lhe record referred Lo Lhereln and oLher supporLlng papersŤ and (d) conLaln a sworn cerLlflcaLlon agalnsL forum shopplng as provlded
ln Lhe lasL paragraph of secLlon 2ţ 8ule 42Ŧ 1he peLlLlon shall sLaLe Lhe speclflc maLerlal daLes showlng LhaL lL was flled wlLhln Lhe
perlod flxed herelnŦ (2a)
Sect|on 7Ŧ íffect of follote to comply wltb tepoltemeotsŦ Ÿ 1he fallure of Lhe peLlLloner Lo comply wlLh any of Lhe foregolng
requlremenLs regardlng Lhe paymenL of Lhe dockeL and oLher lawful feesţ Lhe deposlL for cosLsţ proof of servlce of Lhe peLlLlonţ and
Lhe conLenLs of and Lhe documenLs whlch should accompany Lhe peLlLlon shall be sufflclenL ground for Lhe dlsmlssal LhereofŦ (n)
Sect|on 8Ŧ Actloo oo tbe petltlooŦ Ÿ 1he CourL of Appeals may requlre Lhe respondenL Lo flle a commenL on Lhe peLlLlon noL a
moLlon Lo dlsmlssţ wlLhln Len (10) days from noLlceţ or dlsmlss Lhe peLlLlon lf lL flnds Lhe same Lo be paLenLly wlLhouL merlLţ
prosecuLed manlfesLly for delayţ or LhaL Lhe quesLlons ralsed Lhereln are Loo unsubsLanLlal Lo requlre conslderaLlonŦ (6a)
Sect|on 9Ŧ cooteots of commeotŦ Ÿ 1he commenL shall be flled wlLhln Len (10) days from noLlce ln seven (7) leglble coples and
accompanled by clearly leglble cerLlfled Lrue coples of such maLerlal porLlons of Lhe record referred Lo Lhereln LogeLher wlLh oLher
supporLlng papersŦ 1he commenL shall (a) polnL ouL lnsufflclencles or lnaccuracles ln peLlLlonerƌs sLaLemenL of facLs and lssuesŤ and
(b) sLaLe Lhe reasons why Lhe peLlLlon should be denled or dlsmlssedŦ A copy Lhereof shall be served on Lhe peLlLlonerţ and proof of
such servlce shall be flled wlLh Lhe CourL of AppealsŦ (9a)
Sect|on 10Ŧ uoe cootseŦ Ÿ lf upon Lhe flllng of Lhe commenL or such oLher pleadlngs or documenLs as may be requlred or allowed by
Lhe CourL of Appeals or upon Lhe explraLlon of Lhe perlod for Lhe flllng Lhereofţ and on Lhe records Lhe CourL of Appeals flnds ptlmo
focle LhaL Lhe courL or agency concerned has commlLLed errors of facL or law LhaL would warranL reversal or modlflcaLlon of Lhe
awardţ [udgmenLţ flnal order or resoluLlon soughL Lo be revlewedţ lL may glve due course Lo Lhe peLlLlonŤ oLherwlseţ lL shall dlsmlss
Lhe sameŦ 1he flndlngs of facL of Lhe courL or agency concernedţ when supporLed by subsLanLlal evldenceţ shall be blndlng on Lhe
CourL of AppealsŦ (n)
Sect|on 11Ŧ 1toosmlttol of tecotJŦ Ÿ WlLhln flfLeen (13) days from noLlce LhaL Lhe peLlLlon has been glven due courseţ Lhe CourL of
Appeals may requlre Lhe courL or agency concerned Lo LransmlL Lhe orlglnal or a leglble cerLlfled Lrue copy of Lhe enLlre record of Lhe
proceedlng under revlewŦ 1he record Lo be LransmlLLed may be abrldged by agreemenL of all parLles Lo Lhe proceedlngŦ 1he CourL of
Appeals may requlre or permlL subsequenL correcLlon of or addlLlon Lo Lhe recordŦ (8a)
Sect|on 12Ŧ íffect of oppeolŦ Ÿ 1he appeal shall noL sLay Lhe awardţ [udgmenLţ flnal order or resoluLlon soughL Lo be revlewed unless
Lhe CourL of Appeals shall dlrecL oLherwlse upon such Lerms as lL may deem [usLŦ (10a)
Sect|on 13Ŧ 5obmlssloo fot JeclslooŦ Ÿ lf Lhe peLlLlon ls glven due courseţ Lhe CourL of Appeals may seL Lhe case for oral argumenL or
requlre Lhe parLles Lo submlL memoranda wlLhln a perlod of flfLeen (13) days from noLlceŦ 1he case shall be deemed submlLLed for
declslon upon Lhe flllng of Lhe lasL pleadlng or memorandum requlred by Lhese 8ules or by Lhe courL of AppealsŦ (n)

Þrocedure ln Lhe CourL of Appeals

kULL 44
Crd|nary Appea|ed Cases
Sect|on 1Ŧ 1ltle of cosesŦ Ÿ ln all cases appealed Lo Lhe CourL of Appeals under 8ule 41ţ Lhe LlLle of Lhe case shall remaln as lL was ln
Lhe courL of orlglnţ buL Lhe parLy appeallng Lhe case shall be furLher referred Lo as Lhe appellanL and Lhe adverse parLy as Lhe
appelleeŦ (1aţ 846)
Sect|on 2Ŧ cooosel ooJ qootJloosŦ Ÿ 1he counsel and guardlans oJ lltem of Lhe parLles ln Lhe courL of orlgln shall be respecLlvely
consldered as Lhelr counsel and guardlans oJ lltem ln Lhe CourL of AppealsŦ When oLhers appear or are appolnLedţ noLlce Lhereof
shall be served lmmedlaLely on Lhe adverse parLy and flled wlLh Lhe courLŦ (2aţ 846)
Sect|on 3Ŧ OtJet of ttoosmlttol of tecotJŦ Ÿ lf Lhe orlglnal record or Lhe record on appeal ls noL LransmlLLed Lo Lhe CourL of Appeals
wlLhln LhlrLy (30) days afLer Lhe perfecLlon of Lhe appealţ elLher parLy may flle a moLlon wlLh Lhe Lrlal courLţ wlLh noLlce Lo Lhe oLherţ
for Lhe LransmlLLal of such record or record on appealŦ (3aţ 846)
Sect|on 4Ŧ uocketloq of coseŦ Ÿ upon recelvlng Lhe orlglnal record or Lhe record on appeal and Lhe accompanylng documenLs and
exhlblLs LransmlLLed by Lhe lower courLţ as well as Lhe proof of paymenL of Lhe dockeL and oLher lawful feesţ Lhe clerk of courL of Lhe
CourL of Appeals shall dockeL Lhe case and noLlfy Lhe parLles LhereofŦ (4aţ 846)
WlLhln Len (10) days from recelpL of sald noLlceţ Lhe appellanLţ ln appeals by record on appealţ shall flle wlLh Lhe clerk of courL seven
(7) clearly leglble coples of Lhe approved record on appealţ LogeLher wlLh Lhe proof of servlce of Lwo (2) coples Lhereof upon Lhe
appelleeŦ
Any unauLhorlzed alLeraLlonţ omlsslon or addlLlon ln Lhe approved record on appeal shall be a ground for dlsmlssal of Lhe appealŦ (n)
Sect|on SŦ completloo of tecotJŦ Ÿ Where Lhe record of Lhe dockeLed case ls lncompleLeţ Lhe clerk of courL of Lhe CourL of Appeals
shall so lnform sald courL and recommend Lo lL measures necessary Lo compleLe Lhe recordŦ lL shall be Lhe duLy of sald courL Lo Lake
approprlaLe acLlon Lowards Lhe compleLlon of Lhe record wlLhln Lhe shorLesL posslble LlmeŦ (n)
Sect|on 6Ŧ ulspeosloq wltb complete tecotJŦ Ÿ Where Lhe compleLlon of Lhe record could noL be accompllshed wlLhln a sufflclenL
perlod alloLLed for sald purpose due Lo lnsuperable or exLremely dlfflculL causesţ Lhe courLţ on lLs own moLlon or on moLlon of any of
Lhe parLlesţ may declare LhaL Lhe record and lLs accompanylng LranscrlpLs and exhlblLs so far avallable are sufflclenL Lo declde Lhe
lssues ralsed ln Lhe appealţ and shall lssue an order explalnlng Lhe reasons for such declaraLlonŦ (n)
Sect|on 7Ŧ Appellootƌs btlefŦ Ÿ lL shall be Lhe duLy of Lhe appellanL Lo flle wlLh Lhe courLţ wlLhln forLyŴflve (43) days from recelpL of
Lhe noLlce of Lhe clerk LhaL all Lhe evldenceţ oral and documenLaryţ are aLLached Lo Lhe recordţ seven (7) coples of hls leglbly
LypewrlLLenţ mlmeographed or prlnLed brlefţ wlLh proof of servlce of Lwo (2) coples Lhereof upon Lhe appelleeŦ (10aţ 846)
Sect|on 8Ŧ Appelleeƌs btlefŦ Ÿ WlLhln forLyŴflve (43) days from recelpL of Lhe appellanLƌs brlefţ Lhe appellee shall flle wlLh Lhe courL
seven (7) coples of hls leglbly LypewrlLLenţ mlmeographed or prlnLed brlefţ wlLh proof of servlce of Lwo (2) coples Lhereof upon Lhe
appellanLŦ (11aţ 846)
Sect|on 9Ŧ Appellootƌs teply btlefŦ Ÿ WlLhln LwenLy (20) days from recelpL of Lhe appelleeƌs brlefţ Lhe appellanL may flle a reply brlef
answerlng polnLs ln Lhe appelleeƌs brlef noL covered ln hls maln brlefŦ (12aţ 846)
Sect|on 10Ŧ 1lme of fllloq memotooJo lo speclol cosesŦ Ÿ ln cettlototlţ prohlblLlonţ mandamusţ poo wottooto and bobeos
cotpos casesţ Lhe parLles shall flle ln lleu of brlefsţ Lhelr respecLlve memoranda wlLhln a nonŴexLendlble perlod of LhlrLy (30) days
from recelpL of Lhe noLlce lssued by Lhe clerk LhaL all Lhe evldenceţ oral and documenLaryţ ls already aLLached Lo Lhe recordŦ (13aţ
846)
1he fallure of Lhe appellanL Lo flle hls memorandum wlLhln Lhe perlod Lherefor may be a ground for dlsmlssal of Lhe appealŦ (n)
Sect|on 11Ŧ 5evetol oppelloots ot oppellees ot sevetol cooosel fot eocb pottyŦ Ÿ Where Lhere are several appellanLs or appelleesţ
each counsel represenLlng one or more buL noL all of Lhem shall be served wlLh only one copy of Lhe brlefsŦ When several counsel
represenL one appellanL or appelleeţ coples of Lhe brlef may be served upon any of LhemŦ (14aţ 846)
Sect|on 12Ŧ íxteosloo of tlme fot fllloq btlefsŦ Ÿ LxLenslon of Llme for Lhe flllng of brlefs wlll noL be allowedţ excepL for good and
sufflclenL causeţ and only lf Lhe moLlon for exLenslon ls flled before Lhe explraLlon of Lhe Llme soughL Lo be exLendedŦ (13ţ 846)
Sect|on 13Ŧ cooteots of oppellootƌs btlefŦ Ÿ 1he appellanLƌs brlef shall conLalnţ ln Lhe order hereln lndlcaLedţ Lhe followlngť
(a) A sub[ecL lndex of Lhe maLLer ln Lhe brlef wlLh a dlgesL of Lhe argumenLs and page referencesţ and a Lable of cases
alphabeLlcally arrangedţ LexLbooks and sLaLuLes clLed wlLh references Lo Lhe pages where Lhey are clLedŤ
(b) An asslgnmenL of errors lnLended Lo be urgedţ whlch errors shall be separaLelyţ dlsLlncLly and conclsely sLaLed wlLhouL
repeLlLlon and numbered consecuLlvelyŤ
(c) under Lhe headlng ƍSLaLemenL of Lhe Caseţƍ a clear and conclse sLaLemenL of Lhe naLure of Lhe acLlonţ a summary of
Lhe proceedlngsţ Lhe appealed rullngs and orders of Lhe courLţ Lhe naLure of Lhe [udgmenL and any oLher maLLers
necessary Lo an undersLandlng of Lhe naLure of Lhe conLroversy wlLh page references Lo Lhe recordŤ
(d) under Lhe headlng ƍSLaLemenL of lacLsţƍ a clear and conclse sLaLemenL ln a narraLlve form of Lhe facLs admlLLed by
boLh parLles and of Lhose ln conLroversyţ LogeLher wlLh Lhe subsLance of Lhe proof relaLlng LhereLo ln sufflclenL deLall Lo
make lL clearly lnLelllglbleţ wlLh page references Lo Lhe recordŤ
(e) A clear and conclse sLaLemenL of Lhe lssues of facL or law Lo be submlLLedţ Lo Lhe courL for lLs [udgmenLŤ
(f) under Lhe headlng ƍArgumenLţƍ Lhe appellanLƌs argumenLs on each asslgnmenL of error wlLh page references Lo Lhe
recordŦ 1he auLhorlLles relled upon shall be clLed by Lhe page of Lhe reporL aL whlch Lhe case beglns and Lhe page of Lhe
reporL on whlch Lhe clLaLlon ls foundŤ
(g) under Lhe headlng ƍ8ellefţƍ a speclflcaLlon of Lhe order or [udgmenL whlch Lhe appellanL seeksŤ and
(h) ln cases noL broughL up by record on appealţ Lhe appellanLƌs brlef shall conLalnţ as an appendlxţ a copy of Lhe
[udgmenL or flnal order appealed fromŦ (16aţ 846)
Sect|on 14Ŧ cooteots of oppelleeƌs btlefŦ Ÿ 1he appelleeƌs brlef shall conLalnţ ln Lhe order hereln lndlcaLed Lhe followlngť
(a) A sub[ecL lndex of Lhe maLLer ln Lhe brlef wlLh a dlgesL of Lhe argumenLs and page referencesţ and a Lable of cases
alphabeLlcally arrangedţ LexLbooks and sLaLuLes clLed wlLh references Lo Lhe pages where Lhey are clLedŤ
(b) under Lhe headlng ƍSLaLemenL of lacLsţƍ Lhe appellee shall sLaLe LhaL he accepLs Lhe sLaLemenL of facLs ln Lhe
appellanLƌs brlefţ or under Lhe headlng ƍCounLerŴSLaLemenL of lacLsţƍ he shall polnL ouL such lnsufflclencles or
lnaccuracles as he belleves exlsL ln Lhe appellanLƌs sLaLemenL of facLs wlLh references Lo Lhe pages of Lhe record ln
supporL Lhereofţ buL wlLhouL repeLlLlon of maLLers ln Lhe appellanLƌs sLaLemenL of facLsŤ and
(c) under Lhe headlng ƍArgumenLţƍ Lhe appellee shall seL forLh hls argumenLs ln Lhe case on each asslgnmenL of error
wlLh page references Lo Lhe recordŦ 1he auLhorlLles relled on shall be clLed by Lhe page of Lhe reporL aL whlch Lhe case
beglns and Lhe page of Lhe reporL on whlch Lhe clLaLlon ls foundŦ (17aţ 846)
Sect|on 1SŦ Ooestloos tbot moy be tolseJ oo oppeolŦ Ÿ WheLher or noL Lhe appellanL has flled a moLlon for new Lrlal ln Lhe courL
below he may lnclude ln hls asslgnmenL of errors any quesLlon of law or facL LhaL has been ralsed ln Lhe courL below and whlch ls
wlLhln Lhe lssues framed by Lhe parLlesŦ (18ţ 846)

kULL 4S
Appea| by certiorori to the Supreme Court
Sect|on 1Ŧ lllloq of petltloo wltb 5opteme coottŦ Ÿ A parLy deslrlng Lo appeal by cettlototl from a [udgmenL or flnal order or
resoluLlon of Lhe CourL of Appealsţ Lhe Sandlganbayanţ Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourL or oLher courLs whenever auLhorlzed by lawţ may flle
wlLh Lhe Supreme CourL a verlfled peLlLlon for revlew on cettlototlŦ 1he peLlLlon shall ralse only quesLlons of law whlch musL be
dlsLlncLly seL forLhŦ (1aţ 2a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ 1lme fot fllloqŤ exteoslooŦ Ÿ 1he peLlLlon shall be flled wlLhln flfLeen (13) days from noLlce of Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order
or resoluLlon appealed fromţ or of Lhe denlal of Lhe peLlLlonerƌs moLlon for new Lrlal or reconslderaLlon flled ln due Llme afLer noLlce
of Lhe [udgmenLŦ Cn moLlon duly flled and servedţ wlLh full paymenL of Lhe dockeL and oLher lawful fees and Lhe deposlL for cosLs
before Lhe explraLlon of Lhe reglemenLary perlodţ Lhe Supreme CourL may for [usLlflable reasons granL an exLenslon of LhlrLy (30)
days only wlLhln whlch Lo flle Lhe peLlLlonŦ (1aţ 3a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ uocket ooJ otbet lowfol feesŤ ptoof of setvlce of petltlooŦ Ÿ unless he has LhereLofore done soţ Lhe peLlLloner shall pay
Lhe correspondlng dockeL and oLher lawful fees Lo Lhe clerk of courL of Lhe Supreme CourL and deposlL Lhe amounL of Þ300Ŧ00 for
cosLs aL Lhe Llme of Lhe flllng of Lhe peLlLlonŦ Þroof of servlce of a copyţ Lhereof on Lhe lower courL concerned and on Lhe adverse
parLy shall be submlLLed LogeLher wlLh Lhe peLlLlonŦ (1a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ cooteots of petltlooŦ Ÿ 1he peLlLlon shall be flled ln elghLeen (18) coplesţ wlLh Lhe orlglnal copy lnLended for Lhe courL
belng lndlcaLed as such by Lhe peLlLloner and shall (a) sLaLe Lhe full name of Lhe appeallng parLy as Lhe peLlLloner and Lhe adverse
parLy as respondenLţ wlLhouL lmpleadlng Lhe lower courLs or [udges Lhereof elLher as peLlLloners or respondenLsŤ (b) lndlcaLe Lhe
maLerlal daLes showlng when noLlce of Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order or resoluLlon sub[ecL Lhereof was recelvedţ when a moLlon for
new Lrlal or reconslderaLlonţ lf anyţ was flled and when noLlce of Lhe denlal Lhereof was recelvedŤ (c) seL forLh conclsely a sLaLemenL
of Lhe maLLers lnvolvedţ and Lhe reasons or argumenLs relled on for Lhe allowance of Lhe peLlLlonŤ (d) be accompanled by a clearly
leglble dupllcaLe orlglnalţ or a cerLlfled Lrue copy of Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order or resoluLlon cerLlfled by Lhe clerk of courL of Lhe
courL o poo and Lhe requlslLe number of plaln coples Lhereofţ and such maLerlal porLlons of Lhe record as would supporL Lhe
peLlLlonŤ and (e) conLaln a sworn cerLlflcaLlon agalnsL forum shopplng as provlded ln Lhe lasL paragraph of secLlon 2ţ 8ule 42Ŧ (2a)
Sect|on SŦ ulsmlssol ot Jeolol of petltlooŦ Ÿ 1he fallure of Lhe peLlLloner Lo comply wlLh any of Lhe foregolng requlremenLs regardlng
Lhe paymenL of Lhe dockeL and oLher lawful feesţ deposlL for cosLsţ proof of servlce of Lhe peLlLlonţ and Lhe conLenLs of and Lhe
documenLs whlch should accompany Lhe peLlLlon shall be sufflclenL ground for Lhe dlsmlssal LhereofŦ
1he Supreme CourL may on lLs own lnlLlaLlve deny Lhe peLlLlon on Lhe ground LhaL Lhe appeal ls wlLhouL merlLţ or ls prosecuLed
manlfesLly for delayţ or LhaL Lhe quesLlons ralsed Lhereln are Loo unsubsLanLlal Lo requlre conslderaLlonŦ (3a)
Sect|on 6Ŧ kevlew JlsctetloootyŦ Ÿ A revlew ls noL a maLLer of rlghLţ buL of sound [udlclal dlscreLlonţ and wlll be granLed only when
Lhere are speclal and lmporLanL reasons LhereofŦ 1he followlngţ whlle nelLher conLrolllng nor fully measurlng Lhe courLƌs dlscreLlonţ
lndlcaLe Lhe characLer of Lhe reasons whlch wlll be conslderedť
(a) When Lhe courL o poo has declded a quesLlon of subsLanceţ noL LhereLofore deLermlned by Lhe Supreme CourLţ or has
declded lL ln a way probably noL ln accord wlLh law or wlLh Lhe appllcable declslons of Lhe Supreme CourLŤ or
(b) When Lhe courL o poo has so far deparLed from Lhe accepLed and usual course of [udlclal proceedlngsţ or so far
sancLloned such deparLure by a lower courLţ as Lo call for an exerclse of Lhe power of supervlslonŦ (4a)
Sect|on 7Ŧ lleoJloqs ooJ Jocomeots tbot moy be tepolteJŤ sooctloosŦ Ÿ lor purposes of deLermlnlng wheLher Lhe peLlLlon should be
dlsmlssed or denled pursuanL Lo secLlon 3 of Lhls 8uleţ or where Lhe peLlLlon ls glven due course under secLlon 8 hereofţ Lhe
Supreme CourL may requlre or allow Lhe flllng of such pleadlngsţ brlefsţ memoranda or documenLs as lL may deem necessary wlLhln
such perlods and under such condlLlons as lL may conslder approprlaLeţ and lmpose Lhe correspondlng sancLlons ln case of nonŴflllng
or unauLhorlzed flllng of such pleadlngs and documenLs or nonŴcompllance wlLh Lhe condlLlons LhereforŦ (n)
Sect|on 8Ŧ uoe cootseŤ elevotloo of tecotJsŦ Ÿ lf Lhe peLlLlon ls glven due courseţ Lhe Supreme CourL may requlre Lhe elevaLlon of Lhe
compleLe record of Lhe case or speclfled parLs Lhereof wlLhln flfLeen (13) days from noLlceŦ (2a)
Sect|on 9Ŧ kole oppllcoble to botb clvll ooJ ctlmlool cosesŦ Ÿ 1he mode of appeal prescrlbed ln Lhls 8ule shall be appllcable Lo boLh
clvll and crlmlnal casesţ excepL ln crlmlnal cases where Lhe penalLy lmposed ls deaLhţ teclosloo petpetoo or llfe lmprlsonmenLŦ (n)

kULL 46
Cr|g|na| Cases
Sect|on 1Ŧ 1ltle of cosesŦ Ÿ ln all cases orlglnally flled ln Lhe CourL of Appealsţ Lhe parLy lnsLlLuLlng Lhe acLlon shall be called Lhe
peLlLloner and Lhe opposlng parLy Lhe respondenLŦ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ 1o wbot octloos oppllcobleŦ Ÿ 1hls 8ule shall apply Lo orlglnal acLlons for cettlototlţ prohlblLlonţ mandamus and poo
wottootoŦ
LxcepL as oLherwlse provldedţ Lhe acLlons for annulmenL of [udgmenL shall be governed by 8ule 47ţ for cettlototlţ prohlblLlon and
mandamus by 8ule 63ţ and for poo wottooto by 8ule 66Ŧ (n)
Sect|on 3Ŧ cooteots ooJ fllloq of petltlooŤ effect of ooocompllooce wltb tepoltemeotsŦ Ÿ 1he peLlLlon shall conLaln Lhe full names and
acLual addresses of all Lhe peLlLloners and respondenLsţ a conclse sLaLemenL of Lhe maLLers lnvolvedţ Lhe facLual background of Lhe
caseţ and Lhe grounds relled upon for Lhe rellef prayed forŦ
ln acLlons flled under 8ule 63ţ Lhe peLlLlon shall furLher lndlcaLe Lhe maLerlal daLes showlng when noLlce of Lhe [udgmenL or flnal
order or resoluLlon sub[ecL Lhereof was recelvedţ when a moLlon for new Lrlal or reconslderaLlonţ lf anyţ was flled and when noLlce
of Lhe denlal Lhereof was recelvedŦ
lL shall be flled ln seven (7) clearly leglble coples LogeLher wlLh proof of servlce Lhereof on Lhe respondenL wlLh Lhe orlglnal copy
lnLended for Lhe courL lndlcaLed as such by Lhe peLlLlonerţ and shall be accompanled by a clearly leglble dupllcaLe orlglnal or cerLlfled
Lrue copy of Lhe [udgmenLţ orderţ resoluLlonţ or rullng sub[ecL Lhereofţ such maLerlal porLlons of Lhe record as are referred Lo
Lherelnţ and oLher documenLs relevanL or perLlnenL LhereLoŦ 1he cerLlflcaLlon shall be accompllshed by Lhe proper clerk of courL or
by hls duly auLhorlzed represenLaLlveţ or by Lhe proper offlcer of Lhe courLţ Lrlbunalţ agency or offlce lnvolved or by hls duly
auLhorlzed represenLaLlveŦ 1he oLher requlslLe number of coples of Lhe peLlLlon shall be accompanled by clearly leglble plaln coples
of all documenLs aLLached Lo Lhe orlglnalŦ
1he peLlLloner shall also submlL LogeLher wlLh Lhe peLlLlon a sworn cerLlflcaLlon LhaL he has noL LhereLofore commenced any oLher
acLlon lnvolvlng Lhe same lssues ln Lhe Supreme CourLţ Lhe CourL of Appeals or dlfferenL dlvlslons Lhereofţ or any oLher Lrlbunal or
agencyŤ lf Lhere ls such oLher acLlon or proceedlngţ he musL sLaLe Lhe sLaLus of Lhe sameŤ and lf he should LhereafLer learn LhaL a
slmllar acLlon or proceedlng has been flled or ls pendlng before Lhe Supreme CourLţ Lhe CourL of Appealsţ or dlfferenL dlvlslons
Lhereofţ or any oLher Lrlbunal or agencyţ he underLakes Lo prompLly lnform Lhe aforesald courLs and oLher Lrlbunal or agency Lhereof
wlLhln flve (3) days LherefromŦ
1he peLlLloner shall pay Lhe correspondlng dockeL and oLher lawful fees Lo Lhe clerk of courL and deposlL Lhe amounL of Þ300Ŧ00 for
cosLs aL Lhe Llme of Lhe flllng of Lhe peLlLlonŦ
1he fallure of Lhe peLlLloner Lo comply any of Lhe requlremenLs shall be sufflclenL ground for Lhe dlsmlssal of Lhe peLlLlonŦ (nŤ 8ar
MaLLer noŦ 803ţ 21 !uly 1998)
Sect|on 4Ŧ IotlsJlctloo ovet petsoo of tespooJeotţ bow ocpolteJŦ Ÿ 1he courL shall acqulre [urlsdlcLlon over Lhe person of Lhe
respondenL by Lhe servlce on hlm of lLs order or resoluLlon lndlcaLlng lLs lnlLlal acLlon on Lhe peLlLlon or by hls volunLary submlsslon
Lo such [urlsdlcLlonŦ (n)
Sect|on SŦ Actloo by tbe coottŦ Ÿ 1he courL may dlsmlss Lhe peLlLlon ouLrlghL wlLh speclflc reasons for such dlsmlssal or requlre Lhe
respondenL Lo flle a commenL on Lhe same wlLhln Len (10) days from noLlceŦ Cnly pleadlngs requlred by Lhe courL shall be allowedŦ
All oLher pleadlngs and papersţ may be flled only wlLh leave of courLŦ (n)
Sect|on 6Ŧ uetetmlootloo of foctool lssoesŦ Ÿ Whenever necessary Lo resolve facLual lssuesţ Lhe courL lLself may conducL hearlngs
Lhereon or delegaLe Lhe recepLlon of Lhe evldence on such lssue Lo any of lLs members or Lo an approprlaLe courLţ agency or offlceŦ
(n)
Sect|on 7Ŧ íffect of follote to flle commeotŦ Ÿ When no commenL ls flled by any of Lhe respondenLsţ Lhe case may be declded on Lhe
basls of Lhe recordţ wlLhouL pre[udlce Lo any dlsclpllnary acLlon whlch Lhe courL may Lake agalnsL Lhe dlsobedlenL parLyŦ (n)

kULL 47
Annu|ment of Iudgments of I|na| Crders and keso|ut|ons
Sect|on 1Ŧ covetoqeŦ Ÿ 1hls 8ule shall govern Lhe annulmenL by Lhe CourL of Appeals of [udgmenLs or flnal orders and resoluLlons ln
clvll acLlons of 8eglonal 1rlal CourLs for whlch Lhe ordlnary remedles of new Lrlalţ appealţ peLlLlon for rellef or oLher approprlaLe
remedles are no longer avallable Lhrough no faulL of Lhe peLlLlonerŦ (n)
Sect|on 2Ŧ CtoooJs fot oooolmeotŦ Ÿ 1he annulmenL may be based only on Lhe grounds of exLrlnslc fraud and lack of [urlsdlcLlonŦ
LxLrlnslc fraud shall noL be a valld ground lf lL was avalled ofţ or could have been avalled ofţ ln a moLlon for new Lrlal or peLlLlon for
rellefŦ (n)
Sect|on 3Ŧ letloJ fot fllloq octlooŦ Ÿ lf based on exLrlnslc fraudţ Lhe acLlon musL be flled wlLhln four (4) years from lLs dlscoveryŤ and
lf based on lack of [urlsdlcLlonţ before lL ls barred by laches or esLoppelŦ (n)
Sect|on 4Ŧ lllloq ooJ cooteots of petltlooŦ Ÿ 1he acLlon shall be commenced by flllng a verlfled peLlLlon alleglng Lhereln wlLh
parLlcularlLy Lhe facLs and Lhe law relled upon for annulmenLţ as well as Lhose supporLlng Lhe peLlLlonerƌs good and subsLanLlal cause
of acLlon or defenseţ as Lhe case may beŦ
1he peLlLlon shall be flled ln seven (7) clearly leglble coplesţ LogeLher wlLh sufflclenL coples correspondlng Lo Lhe number of
respondenLsŦ A cerLlfled Lrue copy of Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order or resoluLlon shall be aLLached Lo Lhe orlglnal copy of Lhe peLlLlon
lnLended for Lhe courL and lndlcaLed as such by Lhe peLlLlonerŦ
1he peLlLloner shall also submlL LogeLher wlLh Lhe peLlLlon affldavlLs of wlLnesses or documenLs supporLlng Lhe cause of acLlon or
defense and a sworn cerLlflcaLlon LhaL he has noL LhereLofore commenced any oLher acLlon lnvolvlng Lhe same lssues ln Lhe Supreme
CourLţ Lhe CourL of Appeals or dlfferenL dlvlslons Lhereofţ or any oLher Lrlbunal or agency lf Lhere ls such oLher acLlon or proceedlngţ
he musL sLaLe Lhe sLaLus of Lhe sameţ and lf he should LhereafLer learn LhaL a slmllar acLlon or proceedlng has been flled or ls
pendlng before Lhe Supreme CourLţ Lhe CourL of Appealsţ or dlfferenL dlvlslons Lhereofţ or any oLher Lrlbunal or agencyţ he
underLakes Lo prompLly lnform Lhe aforesald courLs and oLher Lrlbunal or agency Lhereof wlLhln flve (3) days LherefromŦ (n)
Sect|on SŦ Actloo by tbe coottŦ Ÿ Should Lhe courL flnd no subsLanLlal merlL ln Lhe peLlLlonţ Lhe same may be dlsmlssed ouLrlghL wlLh
speclflc reasons for such dlsmlssalŦ
Should ptlmo focle merlL be found ln Lhe peLlLlonţ Lhe same shall be glven due course and summons shall be served on Lhe
respondenLŦ (n)
Sect|on 6Ŧ ltoceJoteŦ Ÿ 1he procedure ln ordlnary clvll cases shall be observedŦ Should Lrlal be necessaryţ Lhe recepLlon of Lhe
evldence may be referred Lo a member of Lhe courL or a [udge of a 8eglonal 1rlal CourLŦ (n)
Sect|on 7Ŧ íffect of joJqmeotŦ Ÿ A [udgmenL of annulmenL shall seL aslde Lhe quesLloned [udgmenL or flnal order or resoluLlon and
render Lhe same null and voldţ wlLhouL pre[udlce Lo Lhe orlglnal acLlon belng reflled ln Lhe proper courLŦ Poweverţ where Lhe
[udgmenL or flnal order or resoluLlon ls seL aslde on Lhe ground of exLrlnslc fraudţ Lhe courL may on moLlon order Lhe Lrlal courL Lo
Lry Lhe case as lf a Llmely moLlon for new Lrlal had been granLed LherelnŦ (n)
Sect|on 8Ŧ 5ospeosloo ptesctlptlve petloJŦ Ÿ 1he prescrlpLlve perlod for Lhe reflllng of Lhe aforesald orlglnal acLlon shall be deemed
suspended from Lhe flllng of such orlglnal acLlon unLll Lhe flnallLy of Lhe [udgmenL of annulmenLŦ Poweverţ Lhe prescrlpLlve perlod
shall noL be suspended where Lhe exLrlnslcŴfraud ls aLLrlbuLable Lo Lhe plalnLlff ln Lhe orlglnal acLlonŦ (n)
Sect|on 9Ŧ kellef ovollobleŦ Ÿ 1he [udgmenL of annulmenL may lnclude Lhe award of damagesţ aLLorneyƌs fees and oLher rellefŦ
lf Lhe quesLloned [udgmenL or flnal order or resoluLlon had already been execuLed Lhe courL may lssue such orders of resLlLuLlon or
oLher rellef as [usLlce and equlLy may warranL under Lhe clrcumsLancesŦ (n)
Sect|on 10Ŧ Aooolmeot of joJqmeots ot flool otJets of Moolclpol 1tlol coottsŦ Ÿ An acLlon Lo annul a [udgmenL or flnal order of a
Munlclpal 1rlal CourL shall be flled ln Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourL havlng [urlsdlcLlon over Lhe formerŦ lL shall be LreaLed as an ordlnary
clvll acLlon and secLlons 2ţ 3ţ 4ţ 7ţ 8 and 9 of Lhls 8ule shall be appllcable LhereLoŦ (n)

kULL 48
Þre||m|nary Conference
Sect|on 1Ŧ ltellmlooty coofeteoceŦ Ÿ AL any Llme durlng Lhe pendency of a caseţ Lhe courL may call Lhe parLles and Lhelr counsel Lo a
prellmlnary conferenceŦ
(a) 1o conslder Lhe posslblllLy of an amlcable seLLlemenLţ excepL when Lhe case ls noL allowed by law Lo be compromlsed
(b) 1o deflneţ slmpllfy and clarlfy Lhe lssues for deLermlnaLlonŤ
(c) 1o formulaLe sLlpulaLlons of facLs and admlsslons of documenLary exhlblLsţ llmlL Lhe number of wlLnesses Lo be
presenLed ln cases falllng wlLhln Lhe orlglnal [urlsdlcLlon of Lhe courLţ or Lhose wlLhln lLs appellaLe [urlsdlcLlon where a
moLlon for new Lrlal ls granLed on Lhe ground of newly dlscovered evldenceŤ and
(d) 1o Lake up such oLher maLLers whlch may ald Lhe courL ln Lhe prompL dlsposlLlon of Lhe caseŦ (8ule 7ţ CA lnLernal
8ules) (n)
Sect|on 2Ŧ kecotJ of tbe coofeteoceŦ Ÿ 1he proceedlngs aL such conference shall be recorded andţ upon Lhe concluslon Lhereofţ a
resoluLlon shall be lssued embodylng all Lhe acLlons Laken Lherelnţ Lhe sLlpulaLlons and admlsslons made and Lhe lssues deflnedŦ (n)
Sect|on 3Ŧ 8loJloq effect of tbe tesolts of tbe coofeteoceŦ Ÿ Sub[ecL Lo such modlflcaLlons whlch may be made Lo prevenL manlfesL
ln[usLlceţ Lhe resoluLlon ln Lhe precedlng secLlon shall conLrol Lhe subsequenL proceedlngs ln Lhe case unlessţ wlLhln flve (3) days
from noLlce Lhereofţ any parLy shall saLlsfacLorlly show valld cause why Lhe same should noL be followedŦ (n)

kULL 49
Cra| Argument
Sect|on 1Ŧ wbeo olloweJŦ Ÿ AL lLs own lnsLance or upon moLlon of a parLyţ Lhe courL may hear Lhe parLles ln oral argumenL on Lhe
merlLs of a caseţ or on any maLerlal lncldenL ln connecLlon LherewlLhŦ (n)
1he oral argumenL shall be llmlLed Lo such maLLers as Lhe courL may speclfy ln lLs order or resoluLlonŦ (1aţ 848)
Sect|on 2Ŧ cooJoct of otol otqomeotŦ Ÿ unless auLhorlzed by Lhe courLţ only one counsel may argue for a parLyŦ 1he duraLlon
allowed for each parLyţ Lhe sequence of Lhe argumenLaLlonţ and all oLher relaLed maLLers shall be as dlrecLed by Lhe courLŦ (n)
Sect|on 3Ŧ No beotloq ot otol otqomeot fot motloosŦ Ÿ MoLlons shall noL be seL for hearlng andţ unless Lhe courL oLherwlse dlrecLsţ
no hearlng or oral argumenL shall be allowed ln supporL LhereofŦ 1he adverse parLy may flle ob[ecLlons Lo Lhe moLlon wlLhln flve (3)
days from servlceţ upon Lhe explraLlon of whlch such moLlon shall be deemed submlLLed for resoluLlonŦ (29ţ 849)

kULL S0
D|sm|ssa| of Appea|
Sect|on 1Ŧ CtoooJs fot Jlsmlssol of oppeolŦ Ÿ An appeal may be dlsmlssed by Lhe CourL of Appealsţ on lLs own moLlon or on LhaL of
Lhe appelleeţ on Lhe followlng groundsť
(a) lallure of Lhe record on appeal Lo show on lLs face LhaL Lhe appeal was Laken wlLhln Lhe perlod flxed by Lhese 8ulesŤ
(b) lallure Lo flle Lhe noLlce of appeal or Lhe record on appeal wlLhln Lhe perlod prescrlbed by Lhese 8ulesŤ
(c) lallure of Lhe appellanL Lo pay Lhe dockeL and oLher lawful fees as provlded ln secLlon 3ţ 8ule 40 and secLlon 4 of 8ule
41Ť (8ar MaLLer noŦ 803ţ 17 lebruary 1998)
(d) unauLhorlzed alLeraLlonsţ omlsslons or addlLlons ln Lhe approved record on appeal as provlded ln secLlon 4 of 8ule 44Ť
(e) lallure of Lhe appellanL Lo serve and flle Lhe requlred number of coples of hls brlef or memorandum wlLhln Lhe Llme
provlded by Lhese 8ulesŤ
(f) Absence of speclflc asslgnmenL of errors ln Lhe appellanLƌs brlefţ or of page references Lo Lhe record as requlred ln
secLlon 13ţ paragraphs (a)ţ (c)ţ (d) and (f) of 8ule 44Ť
(g) lallure of Lhe appellanL Lo Lake Lhe necessary sLeps for Lhe correcLlon or compleLlon of Lhe record wlLhln Lhe Llme
llmlLed by Lhe courL ln lLs orderŤ
(h) lallure of Lhe appellanL Lo appear aL Lhe prellmlnary conference under 8ule 48 or Lo comply wlLh ordersţ clrcularsţ or
dlrecLlves of Lhe courL wlLhouL [usLlflable causeŤ and
(l) 1he facL LhaL Lhe order or [udgmenL appealed from ls noL appealableŦ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ ulsmlssol of lmptopet oppeol to tbe coott of AppeolsŦ Ÿ An appeal under 8ule 41 Laken from Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourL Lo
Lhe CourL of Appeals ralslng only quesLlons of law shall be dlsmlssedţ lssues purely of law noL belng revlewable by sald courLŦ
Slmllarlyţ an appeal by noLlce of appeal lnsLead of by peLlLlon for revlew from Lhe appellaLe [udgmenL of a 8eglonal 1rlal CourL shall
be dlsmlssedŦ (n)
An appeal erroneously Laken Lo Lhe CourL of Appeals shall noL be Lransferred Lo Lhe approprlaLe courL buL shall be dlsmlssed
ouLrlghLŦ (3a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ wltbJtowol of oppeolŦ Ÿ An appeal may be wlLhdrawn as of rlghL aL any Llme before Lhe flllng of Lhe appelleeƌs brlefŦ
1hereafLerţ Lhe wlLhdrawal may be allowed ln Lhe dlscreLlon of Lhe courLŦ (4a)

kULL S1
Iudgment
Sect|on 1Ŧ wbeo cose JeemeJ sobmltteJ fot joJqmeotŦ Ÿ A case shall be deemed submlLLed for [udgmenLť
AŦ ln ordlnary appealsŦ Ÿ
1) Where no hearlng on Lhe merlLs of Lhe maln case ls heldţ upon Lhe flllng of Lhe lasL pleadlngţ brlefţ or
memorandum requlred by Lhe 8ules or by Lhe courL lLselfţ or Lhe explraLlon of Lhe perlod for lLs flllngŦ
2) Where such a hearlng ls heldţ upon lLs LermlnaLlon or upon Lhe flllng of Lhe lasL pleadlng or memorandum
as may be requlred or permlLLed Lo be flled by Lhe courLţ or Lhe explraLlon of Lhe perlod for lLs flllngŦ
8Ŧ ln orlglnal acLlons and peLlLlons for revlewŦ Ÿ
1) Where no commenL ls flledţ upon Lhe explraLlon of Lhe perlod Lo commenLŦ
2) Where no hearlng ls heldţ upon Lhe flllng of Lhe lasL pleadlng requlred or permlLLed Lo be flled by Lhe courLţ
or Lhe explraLlon of Lhe perlod for lLs flllngŦ
3) Where a hearlng on Lhe merlLs of Lhe maln case ls heldţ upon lLs LermlnaLlon or upon Lhe flllng of Lhe lasL
pleadlng or memorandum as may be requlred or permlLLed Lo be flled by Lhe courLţ or Lhe explraLlon of Lhe
perlod for lLs flllngŦ (n)
Sect|on 2Ŧ 8y wbom teoJeteJŦ Ÿ 1he [udgmenL shall be rendered by Lhe members of Lhe courL who parLlclpaLed ln Lhe dellberaLlon
on Lhe merlLs of Lhe case before lLs asslgnmenL Lo a member for Lhe wrlLlng of Lhe declslonŦ (n)
Sect|on 3Ŧ Oootom ooJ votloq lo tbe coottŦ Ÿ 1he parLlclpaLlon of all Lhree !usLlces of a dlvlslon shall be necessary aL Lhe
dellberaLlon and Lhe unanlmous voLe of Lhe Lhree !usLlces shall be requlred for Lhe pronouncemenL of a [udgmenL or flnal resoluLlonŦ
lf Lhe Lhree [usLlces do noL reach a unanlmous voLeţ Lhe clerk shall enLer Lhe voLes of Lhe dlssenLlng !usLlces ln Lhe recordŦ
1hereafLerţ Lhe Chalrman of Lhe dlvlslon shall refer Lhe caseţ LogeLher wlLh Lhe mlnuLes of Lhe dellberaLlonţ Lo Lhe Þresldlng !usLlce
who shall deslgnaLe Lwo !usLlces chosen by raffle from among all Lhe oLher members of Lhe courL Lo slL Lemporarlly wlLh Lhemţ
formlng a speclal dlvlslon of flve !usLlcesŦ 1he parLlclpaLlon of all Lhe flve members of Lhe speclal dlvlslon shall be necessary for Lhe
dellberaLlon requlred ln secLlon 2 of Lhls 8ule and Lhe concurrence of a ma[orlLy of such dlvlslon shall be requlred for Lhe
pronouncemenL of a [udgmenL or flnal resoluLlonŦ (2a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ ulsposltloo of o coseŦ Ÿ 1he CourL of Appealsţ ln Lhe exerclse of lLs appellaLe [urlsdlcLlonţ may afflrmţ reverseţ or modlfy
Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order appealed fromţ and may dlrecL a new Lrlal or furLher proceedlngs Lo be hadŦ (3a)
Sect|on SŦ lotm of JeclslooŦ Ÿ Lvery declslon or flnal resoluLlon of Lhe courL ln appealed cases shall clearly and dlsLlncLly sLaLe Lhe
flndlngs of facL and Lhe concluslons of law on whlch lL ls basedţ whlch may be conLalned ln Lhe declslon or flnal resoluLlon lLselfţ or
adopLed from Lhose seL forLh ln Lhe declslonţ orderţ or resoluLlon appealed fromŦ (SecŦ 40ţ 8Þ 8lgŦ 129) (n)
Sect|on 6Ŧ notmless ettotŦ Ÿ no error ln elLher Lhe admlsslon or Lhe excluslon of evldence and no error or defecL ln any rullng or
order or ln anyLhlng done or omlLLed by Lhe Lrlal courL or by any of Lhe parLles ls ground for granLlng a new Lrlal or for seLLlng asldeţ
modlfylngţ or oLherwlse dlsLurblng a [udgmenL or orderţ unless refusal Lo Lake such acLlon appears Lo Lhe courL lnconslsLenL wlLh
subsLanLlal [usLlceŦ 1he courL aL every sLage of Lhe proceedlng musL dlsregard any error or defecL whlch does noL affecL Lhe
subsLanLlal rlghLs of Lhe parLlesŦ (3a)
Sect|on 7Ŧ IoJqmeot wbete tbete ote sevetol pottlesŦ Ÿ ln all acLlons or proceedlngsţ an appealed [udgmenL may be afflrmed as Lo
some of Lhe appellanLsţ and reversed as Lo oLhersţ and Lhe case shall LhereafLer be proceeded wlLhţ so far as necessaryţ as lf
separaLe acLlons had been begun and prosecuLedţ and execuLlon of Lhe [udgmenL of afflrmance may be had accordlnglyţ and cosLs
may be ad[udged ln such casesţ as Lhe courL shall deem properŦ (6)
Sect|on 8Ŧ Ooestloos tbot moy be JeclJeJŦ Ÿ no error whlch does noL affecL Lhe [urlsdlcLlon over Lhe sub[ecL maLLer or Lhe valldlLy of
Lhe [udgmenL appealed from or Lhe proceedlngs Lhereln wlll be consldered unless sLaLed ln Lhe asslgnmenL of errorsţ or closely
relaLed Lo or dependenL on an asslgned error and properly argued ln Lhe brlefţ save as Lhe courL may pass upon plaln errors and
clerlcal errorsŦ (7a)
Sect|on 9Ŧ ltomolqotloo ooJ ootlce of joJqmeotŦ Ÿ AfLer Lhe [udgmenL or flnal resoluLlon and dlssenLlng or separaLe oplnlonsţ lf anyţ
are slgned by Lhe !usLlces Laklng parLţ Lhey shall be dellvered for flllng Lo Lhe clerk who shall lndlcaLe Lhereon Lhe daLe of
promulgaLlon and cause Lrue coples Lhereof Lo be served upon Lhe parLles or Lhelr counselŦ (n)
Sect|on 10Ŧ íotty of joJqmeots ooJ flool tesolotloosŦ Ÿ lf no appeal or moLlon for new Lrlal or reconslderaLlon ls flled wlLhln Lhe Llme
provlded ln Lhese 8ulesţ Lhe [udgmenL or flnal resoluLlon shall forLhwlLh be enLered by Lhe clerk ln Lhe book of enLrles of [udgmenLsŦ
1he daLe when Lhe [udgmenL or flnal resoluLlon becomes execuLory shall be deemed as Lhe daLe of lLs enLryŦ 1he record shall conLaln
Lhe dlsposlLlve parL of Lhe [udgmenL or flnal resoluLlon and shall be slgned by Lhe clerkţ wlLh a cerLlflcaLe LhaL such [udgmenL or flnal
resoluLlon has become flnal and execuLoryŦ (2aţ 836)
Sect|on 11Ŧ íxecotloo of joJqmeotŦ Ÿ LxcepL where Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order or resoluLlonţ or a porLlon Lhereofţ ls ordered Lo be
lmmedlaLely execuLoryţ Lhe moLlon for lLs execuLlon may only be flled ln Lhe proper courL afLer lLs enLryŦ
ln orlglnal acLlons ln Lhe CourL of Appealsţ lLs wrlL of execuLlon shall be accompanled by a cerLlfled Lrue copy of Lhe enLry of
[udgmenL or flnal resoluLlon and addressed Lo any approprlaLe offlcer for lLs enforcemenLŦ
ln appealed casesţ where Lhe moLlon for execuLlon pendlng appeal ls flled ln Lhe CourL of Appeals aL a Llme LhaL lL ls ln possesslon of
Lhe orlglnal record or Lhe record on appealţ Lhe resoluLlon granLlng such moLlon shall be LransmlLLed Lo Lhe lower courL from whlch
Lhe case orlglnaLedţ LogeLher wlLh a cerLlfled Lrue copy of Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order Lo be execuLedţ wlLh a dlrecLlve for such courL
of orlgln Lo lssue Lhe proper wrlL for lLs enforcemenLŦ (n)

kULL S2
Mot|on for kecons|derat|on
Sect|on 1Ŧ letloJ fot fllloqŦ Ÿ A parLy may flle a moLlon for reconslderaLlon of a [udgmenL or flnal resoluLlon wlLhln flfLeen (13) days
from noLlce Lhereofţ wlLh proof of servlce on Lhe adverse parLyŦ (n)
Sect|on 2Ŧ 5ecooJ motloo fot tecooslJetotlooŦ Ÿ no second moLlon for reconslderaLlon of a [udgmenL or flnal resoluLlon by Lhe same
parLy shall be enLerLalnedŦ (n)
Sect|on 3Ŧ kesolotloo of motlooŦ Ÿ ln Lhe CourL of Appealsţ a moLlon for reconslderaLlon shall be resolved wlLhln nlneLy (90) days
from Lhe daLe when Lhe courL declares lL submlLLed for resoluLlonŦ (n)
Sect|on 4Ŧ 5toy of execotlooŦ Ÿ 1he pendency of a moLlon for reconslderaLlon flled on Llme and by Lhe proper parLy shall sLay Lhe
execuLlon of Lhe [udgmenL or flnal resoluLlon soughL Lo be reconsldered unless Lhe courLţ for good reasonsţ shall oLherwlse dlrecLŦ
(n)

kULL S3
New 1r|a|
Sect|on 1Ŧ letloJ fot fllloqŤ qtoooJŦ Ÿ AL any Llme afLer Lhe appeal from Lhe lower courL has been perfecLed and before Lhe CourL of
Appeals loses [urlsdlcLlon over Lhe caseţ a parLy may flle a moLlon for a new Lrlal on Lhe ground of newly dlscovered evldence whlch
could noL have been dlscovered prlor Lo Lhe Lrlal ln Lhe courL below by Lhe exerclse of due dlllgence and whlch ls of such a characLer
as would probably change Lhe resulLŦ 1he moLlon shall be accompanled by affldavlLs showlng Lhe facLs consLlLuLlng Lhe grounds
Lherefor and Lhe newly dlscovered evldenceŦ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ neotloq ooJ otJetŦ Ÿ 1he CourL of Appeals shall conslder Lhe new evldence LogeLher wlLh LhaL adduced aL Lhe Lrlal belowţ
and may granL or refuse a new Lrlalţ or may make such orderţ wlLh noLlce Lo boLh parLlesţ as Lo Lhe Laklng of furLher LesLlmonyţ
elLher orally ln courLţ or by deposlLlonsţ or render such oLher [udgmenL as oughL Lo be rendered upon such Lerms as lL may deem
[usLŦ (2a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ kesolotloo of motlooŦ Ÿ ln Lhe CourL of Appealsţ a moLlon for new Lrlal shall be resolved wlLhln nlneLy (90) days from Lhe
daLe when Lhe courL declares lL submlLLed for resoluLlonŦ (n)
Sect|on 4Ŧ ltoceJote lo oew ttlolŦ Ÿ unless Lhe courL oLherwlse dlrecLsţ Lhe procedure ln Lhe new Lrlal shall be Lhe same as LhaL
granLed by a 8eglonal 1rlal CourLŦ (3a)

kULL S4
Interna| 8us|ness
Sect|on 1Ŧ ulsttlbotloo of coses omooq JlvlsloosŦ Ÿ All Lhe cases of Lhe CourL of Appeals shall be alloLLed among Lhe dlfferenL
dlvlslons Lhereof for hearlng and declslonŦ 1he CourL of Appealsţ slLLlng eo boocţ shall make proper orders or rules Lo govern Lhe
alloLmenL of cases among Lhe dlfferenL dlvlslonsţ Lhe consLlLuLlon of such dlvlslonsţ Lhe regular roLaLlon of !usLlces among Lhemţ Lhe
flllng of vacancles occurrlng Lherelnţ and oLher maLLers relaLlng Lo Lhe buslness of Lhe courLŤ and such rules shall conLlnue ln force
unLll repealed or alLered by Lhe Supreme CourLŦ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ Oootom of tbe coottŦ Ÿ A ma[orlLy of Lhe acLual members of Lhe courL shall consLlLuLe a pootom for lLs sesslons eo boocŦ
1hree members shall consLlLuLe a pootom for Lhe sesslons of a dlvlslonŦ 1he afflrmaLlve voLes of Lhe ma[orlLy of Lhe members
presenL shall be necessary Lo pass a resoluLlon of Lhe courL eo boocŦ 1he afflrmaLlve voLes of Lhree members of a dlvlslon shall be
necessary for Lhe pronouncemenL of a [udgmenL or flnal resoluLlonţ whlch shall be reached ln consulLaLlon before Lhe wrlLlng of Lhe
oplnlon by any member of Lhe dlvlslonŦ (SecŦ 11ţ flrsL parŦ of 8Þ 8lgŦ 129ţ as amended by SecŦ 6 of LC 33)Ŧ (3a)

kULL SS
Þub||cat|ons of Iudgments and I|na| keso|ut|ons
Sect|on 1Ŧ lobllcotlooŦ Ÿ 1he [udgmenLs and flnal resoluLlons of Lhe courL shall be publlshed ln Lhe Cfflclal CazeLLe and ln Lhe
8eporLs offlclally auLhorlzed by Lhe courL ln Lhe language ln whlch Lhey have been orlglnally wrlLLenţ LogeLher wlLh Lhe syllabl
Lherefor prepared by Lhe reporLer ln consulLaLlon wlLh Lhe wrlLers LhereofŦ Memoranda of all oLher [udgmenLs and flnal resoluLlons
noL so publlshed shall be made by Lhe reporLer and publlshed ln Lhe Cfflclal CazeLLe and Lhe auLhorlzed reporLsŦ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ ltepototloo of oploloos fot pobllcotlooŦ Ÿ 1he reporLer shall prepare and publlsh wlLh each reporLed [udgmenL and flnal
resoluLlon a conclse synopsls of Lhe facLs necessary for a clear undersLandlng of Lhe caseţ Lhe names of counselţ Lhe maLerlal and
conLroverLed polnLs lnvolvedţ Lhe auLhorlLles clLed Lherelnţ and a syllabus whlch shall be conflned Lo polnLs of lawŦ (SecŦ 22aţ 8ŦAŦ
noŦ 296) (n)
Sect|on 3Ŧ Ceoetol mokeŴop of volomesŦ Ÿ 1he publlshed declslons and flnal resoluLlons of Lhe Supreme CourL shall be called
ƍÞhlllpplne 8eporLsţƍ whlle Lhose of Lhe CourL of Appeals shall be known as Lhe ƍCourL of Appeals 8eporLsŦƍ Lach volume Lhereof
shall conLaln a Lable of Lhe cases reporLed and Lhe cases clLed ln Lhe oplnlonsţ wlLh a compleLe alphabeLlcal lndex of Lhe sub[ecL
maLLers of Lhe volumeŦ lL shall conslsL of noL less Lhan seven hundred pages prlnLed upon good paperţ well bound and numbered
consecuLlvely ln Lhe order of Lhe volumes publlshedŦ (SecŦ 23aţ 8ŦAŦ noŦ 296) (n)

Þrocedure In 1he Supreme Court

kULL S6
AŦ Cr|g|na| Cases
Sect|on 1Ŧ Otlqlool coses coqolzobleŦ Ÿ Cnly peLlLlons for cettlototlţ prohlblLlonţ mooJomosţ poo wottootoţ bobeos cotposţ
dlsclpllnary proceedlngs agalnsL members of Lhe [udlclary and aLLorneysţ and cases affecLlng ambassadorsţ oLher publlc mlnlsLers
and consuls may be flled orlglnally ln Lhe Supreme CourLŦ (n)
Sect|on 2Ŧ koles oppllcobleŦ Ÿ 1he procedure ln orlglnal cases for cettlototlţ prohlblLlonţ mooJomosţ poo wottooto and bobeos
cotpos shall be ln accordance wlLh Lhe appllcable provlslons of Lhe ConsLlLuLlonţ lawsţ and 8ules 46ţ 48ţ 49ţ 31ţ 32 and Lhls 8uleţ
sub[ecL Lo Lhe followlng provlslonsť
a) All references ln sald 8ules Lo Lhe CourL of Appeals shall be undersLood Lo also apply Lo Lhe Supreme CourLŤ
b) 1he porLlons of sald 8ules deallng sLrlcLly wlLh and speclflcally lnLended for appealed cases ln Lhe CourL of Appeals shall
noL be appllcableŤ and
c) LlghLeen (18) clearly leglble coples of Lhe peLlLlon shall be flledţ LogeLher wlLh proof of servlce on all adverse parLlesŦ
1he proceedlngs for dlsclpllnary acLlon agalnsL members of Lhe [udlclary shall be governed by Lhe laws and 8ules prescrlbed
Lhereforţ and Lhose agalnsL aLLorneys by 8ules 139Ŵ8ţ as amendedŦ (n)
8Ŧ Appea|ed Cases
Sect|on 3Ŧ MoJe of oppeolŦ Ÿ An appeal Lo Lhe Supreme CourL may be Laken only by a peLlLlon for revlew on cettlototlţ excepL ln
crlmlnal cases where Lhe penalLy lmposed ls deaLhţ teclosloo petpetoo or llfe lmprlsonmenLŦ (n)
Sect|on 4Ŧ ltoceJoteŦ Ÿ 1he appeal shall be governed by and dlsposed of ln accordance wlLh Lhe appllcable provlslons of Lhe
ConsLlLuLlonţ lawsţ 8ules 43ţ 48ţ secLlons 1ţ 2ţ and 3 Lo 11 of 8ule 31ţ 32 and Lhls 8uleŦ (n)
Sect|on SŦ CtoooJs fot Jlsmlssol of oppeolŦ Ÿ 1he appeal may be dlsmlssed moto ptoptlo or on moLlon of Lhe respondenL on Lhe
followlng groundsť
(a) lallure Lo Lake Lhe appeal wlLhln Lhe reglemenLary perlodŤ
(b) Lack of merlL ln Lhe peLlLlonŤ
(c) lallure Lo pay Lhe requlslLe dockeL fee and oLher lawful fees or Lo make a deposlL for cosLsŤ
(d) lallure Lo comply wlLh Lhe requlremenLs regardlng proof of servlce and conLenLs of and Lhe documenLs whlch should
accompany Lhe peLlLlonŤ
(e) lallure Lo comply wlLh any clrcularţ dlrecLlve or order of Lhe Supreme CourL wlLhouL [usLlflable causeŤ
(f) Lrror ln Lhe cholce or mode of appealŤ and
(g) 1he facL LhaL Lhe case ls noL appealable Lo Lhe Supreme CourLŦ (n)
Sect|on 6Ŧ ulsposltloo of lmptopet oppeolŦ Ÿ LxcepL as provlded ln secLlon 3ţ 8ule 122 regardlng appeals ln crlmlnal cases where Lhe
penalLy lmposed ls deaLhţ teclosloo petpetoo or llfe lmprlsonmenLţ an appeal Laken Lo Lhe Supreme CourL by noLlce of appeal shall
be dlsmlssedŦ
An appeal by cettlototl Laken Lo Lhe Supreme CourL from Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourL submlLLlng lssues of facL may be referred Lo Lhe
CourL of Appeals for declslon or approprlaLe acLlonŦ 1he deLermlnaLlon of Lhe Supreme CourL on wheLher or noL lssues of facL are
lnvolved shall be flnalŦ (n)
Sect|on 7Ŧ ltoceJote lf oploloo ls epoolly JlvlJeJŦ Ÿ Where Lhe courL eo booc ls equally dlvlded ln oplnlonţ or Lhe necessary ma[orlLy
cannoL be hadţ Lhe case shall agaln be dellberaLed onţ and lf afLer such dellberaLlon no declslon ls reachedţ Lhe orlglnal acLlon
commenced ln Lhe courL shall be dlsmlssedţ ln appealed casesţ Lhe [udgmenL or order appealed from shall sLand afflrmedŤ and on all
lncldenLal maLLersţ Lhe peLlLlon or moLlon shall be denledŦ

Þrov|s|ona| kemed|es

kULL S7
Þre||m|nary Attachment
Sect|on 1Ŧ CtoooJs opoo wblcb ottocbmeot moy lssoeŦ Ÿ AL Lhe commencemenL of Lhe acLlon or aL any Llme before enLry of
[udgmenLţ a plalnLlff or any proper parLy may have Lhe properLy of Lhe adverse parLy aLLached as securlLy for Lhe saLlsfacLlon of any
[udgmenL LhaL may be recovered ln Lhe followlng casesť
(a) ln an acLlon for Lhe recovery of a speclfled amounL of money or damagesţ oLher Lhan moral and exemplaryţ on a cause
of acLlon arlslng from lawţ conLracLţ quaslŴconLracLţ dellcL or quaslŴdellcL agalnsL a parLy who ls abouL Lo deparL from Lhe
Þhlllpplnes wlLh lnLenL Lo defraud hls credlLorsŤ
(b) ln an acLlon for money or properLy embezzled or fraudulenLly mlsapplled or converLed Lo hls own use by a publlc
offlcerţ or an offlcer of a corporaLlonţ or an aLLorneyţ facLorţ brokerţ agenLţ or clerkţ ln Lhe course of hls employmenL as
suchţ or by any oLher person ln a flduclary capaclLyţ or for a wlllful vlolaLlon of duLyŤ
(c) ln an acLlon Lo recover Lhe possesslon of properLy un[usLly or fraudulenLly Lakenţ deLalned or converLedţ when Lhe
properLyţ or any parL Lhereofţ has been concealedţ removedţ or dlsposed of Lo prevenL lLs belng found or Laken by Lhe
appllcanL or an auLhorlzed personŤ
(d) ln an acLlon agalnsL a parLy who has been gullLy of a fraud ln conLracLlng Lhe debL or lncurrlng Lhe obllgaLlon upon
whlch Lhe acLlon ls broughLţ or ln Lhe performance LhereofŤ
(e) ln an acLlon agalnsL a parLy who has removed or dlsposed of hls properLyţ or ls abouL Lo do soţ wlLh lnLenL Lo defraud
hls credlLorsŤ or
(f) ln an acLlon agalnsL a parLy who does noL reslde and ls noL found ln Lhe Þhlllpplnesţ or on whom summons may be
served by publlcaLlonŦ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ lssoooce ooJ cooteots of otJetŦ Ÿ An order of aLLachmenL may be lssued elLher ex potte or upon moLlon wlLh noLlce and
hearlng by Lhe courL ln whlch Lhe acLlon ls pendlngţ or by Lhe CourL of Appeals or Lhe Supreme CourLţ and musL requlre Lhe sherlff of
Lhe courL Lo aLLach so much of Lhe properLy ln Lhe Þhlllpplnes of Lhe parLy agalnsL whom lL ls lssuedţ noL exempL from execuLlonţ as
may be sufflclenL Lo saLlsfy Lhe appllcanLƌs demandţ unless such parLy makes deposlL or glves a bond as herelnafLer provlded ln an
amounL equal Lo LhaL flxed ln Lhe orderţ whlch may be Lhe amounL sufflclenL Lo saLlsfy Lhe appllcanLƌs demand or Lhe value of Lhe
properLy Lo be aLLached as sLaLed by Lhe appllcanLţ excluslve of cosLsŦ Several wrlLs may be lssued aL Lhe same Llme Lo Lhe sherlffs of
Lhe courLs of dlfferenL [udlclal reglonsŦ (2a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ AfflJovlt ooJ booJ tepolteJŦ Ÿ An order of aLLachmenL shall be granLed only when lL appears by Lhe affldavlL of Lhe
appllcanLţ or of some oLher person who personally knows Lhe facLsţ LhaL a sufflclenL cause of acLlon exlsLsţ LhaL Lhe case ls one of
Lhose menLloned ln secLlon 1 hereofţ LhaL Lhere ls no oLher sufflclenL securlLy for Lhe clalm soughL Lo be enforced by Lhe acLlonţ and
LhaL Lhe amounL due Lo Lhe appllcanLţ or Lhe value of Lhe properLy Lhe possesslon of whlch he ls enLlLled Lo recoverţ ls as much as
Lhe sum for whlch Lhe order ls granLed above all legal counLerclalmsŦ 1he affldavlLţ and Lhe bond requlred by Lhe nexL succeedlng
secLlonţ musL be duly flled wlLh Lhe courL before Lhe order lssuesŦ (3a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ cooJltloo of oppllcootƌs booJŦ Ÿ 1he parLy applylng for Lhe order musL LhereafLer glve a bond execuLed Lo Lhe adverse
parLy ln Lhe amounL flxed by Lhe courL ln lLs order granLlng Lhe lssuance of Lhe wrlLţ condlLloned LhaL Lhe laLLer wlll pay all Lhe cosLs
whlch may be ad[udged Lo Lhe adverse parLy and all damages whlch he may susLaln by reason of Lhe aLLachmenLţ lf Lhe courL shall
flnally ad[udge LhaL Lhe appllcanL was noL enLlLled LhereLoŦ (4a)
Sect|on SŦ Moooet of ottocbloq ptopettyŦ Ÿ 1he sherlff enforclng Lhe wrlL shall wlLhouL delay and wlLh all reasonable dlllgence
aLLachţ Lo awalL [udgmenL and execuLlon ln Lhe acLlonţ only so much of Lhe properLy ln Lhe Þhlllpplnes of Lhe parLy agalnsL whom Lhe
wrlL ls lssuedţ noL exempL from execuLlonţ as may be sufflclenL Lo saLlsfy Lhe appllcanLƌs demandţ unless Lhe former makes a deposlL
wlLh Lhe courL from whlch Lhe wrlL ls lssuedţ or glves a counLerŴbond execuLed Lo Lhe appllcanLţ ln an amounL equal Lo Lhe bond
flxed by Lhe courL ln Lhe order of aLLachmenL or Lo Lhe value of Lhe properLy Lo be aLLachedţ excluslve of cosLsŦ no levy on
aLLachmenL pursuanL Lo Lhe wrlL lssued under secLlon 2 hereof shall be enforced unless lL ls precededţ or conLemporaneously
accompanledţ by servlce of summonsţ LogeLher wlLh a copy of Lhe complalnLţ Lhe appllcaLlon for aLLachmenL Lhe appllcanLƌs affldavlL
and bondţ and Lhe order and wrlL of aLLachmenLţ on Lhe defendanL wlLhln Lhe ÞhlllpplnesŦ
1he requlremenL of prlor or conLemporaneous servlce of summons shall noL apply where Lhe summons could noL be served
personally or by subsLlLuLed servlce desplLe dlllgenL efforLsţ or Lhe defendanL ls a resldenL of Lhe Þhlllpplnes Lemporarlly absenL
Lherefromţ or Lhe defendanL ls a nonŴresldenL of Lhe Þhlllpplnesţ or Lhe acLlon ls one ln tem or poosl lo temŦ (3a)
Sect|on 6Ŧ 5betlffƌs tetotoŦ Ÿ AfLer enforclng Lhe wrlLţ Lhe sherlff musL llkewlse wlLhouL delay make a reLurn Lhereon Lo Lhe courL
from whlch Lhe wrlL lssuedţ wlLh a full sLaLemenL of hls proceedlngs under Lhe wrlL and a compleLe lnvenLory of Lhe properLy
aLLachedţ LogeLher wlLh any counLerŴbond glven by Lhe parLy agalnsL whom aLLachmenL ls lssuedţ and serve coples Lhereof on Lhe
appllcanLŦ (6a)
Sect|on 7Ŧ Attocbmeot of teol ooJ petsoool ptopettyŤ tecotJloq tbeteofŦ Ÿ 8eal and personal properLy shall be aLLached by Lhe
sherlff execuLlng Lhe wrlL ln Lhe followlng mannerť
(a) 8eal properLyţ or growlng crops Lhereonţ or any lnLeresL Lherelnţ sLandlng upon Lhe record of Lhe reglsLry of deeds of
Lhe provlnce ln Lhe name of Lhe parLy agalnsL whom aLLachmenL ls lssuedţ or noL appearlng aL all upon such recordsţ or
belonglng Lo Lhe parLy agalnsL whom aLLachmenL ls lssued and held by any oLher personţ or sLandlng on Lhe records of
Lhe reglsLry of deeds ln Lhe name of any oLher personţ by flllng wlLh Lhe reglsLry of deeds a copy of Lhe orderţ LogeLher
wlLh a descrlpLlon of Lhe properLy aLLachedţ and a noLlce LhaL lL ls aLLachedţ or LhaL such real properLy and any lnLeresL
Lhereln held by or sLandlng ln Lhe name of such oLher person are aLLachedţ and by leavlng a copy of such orderţ
descrlpLlonţ and noLlce wlLh Lhe occupanL of Lhe properLyţ lf anyţ or wlLh such oLher person or hls agenL lf found wlLhln
Lhe provlnceŦ Where Lhe properLy has been broughL under Lhe operaLlon of elLher Lhe Land 8eglsLraLlon AcL or Lhe
ÞroperLy 8eglsLraLlon uecreeţ Lhe noLlce shall conLaln a reference Lo Lhe number of Lhe cerLlflcaLe of LlLleţ Lhe volume and
page ln Lhe reglsLraLlon book where Lhe cerLlflcaLe ls reglsLeredţ and Lhe reglsLered owner or owners LhereofŦ
1he reglsLrar of deeds musL lndex aLLachmenLs flled under Lhls secLlon ln Lhe names of Lhe appllcanLţ Lhe adverse parLyţ
or Lhe person by whom Lhe properLy ls held or ln whose name lL sLands ln Lhe recordsŦ lf Lhe aLLachmenL ls noL clalmed on
Lhe enLlre area of Lhe land covered by Lhe cerLlflcaLe of LlLleţ a descrlpLlon sufflclenLly accuraLe for Lhe ldenLlflcaLlon of
Lhe land or lnLeresL Lo be affecLed shall be lncluded ln Lhe reglsLraLlon of such aLLachmenLŤ
(b) Þersonal properLy capable of manual dellveryţ by Laklng and safely keeplng lL ln hls cusLodyţ afLer lssulng Lhe
correspondlng recelpL LhereforŦ
(c) SLocks or sharesţ or an lnLeresL ln sLocks or sharesţ of any corporaLlon or companyţ by leavlng wlLh Lhe presldenL or
managlng agenL Lhereofţ a copy of Lhe wrlLţ and a noLlce sLaLlng LhaL Lhe sLock or lnLeresL of Lhe parLy agalnsL whom Lhe
aLLachmenL ls lssued ls aLLached ln pursuance of such wrlLŤ
(d) uebLs and credlLsţ lncludlng bank deposlLsţ flnanclal lnLeresLţ royalLlesţ commlsslons and oLher personal properLy noL
capable of manual dellveryţ by leavlng wlLh Lhe person owlng such debLsţ or havlng ln hls possesslon or under hls conLrolţ
such credlLs or oLher personal properLyţ or wlLh hls agenLţ a copy of Lhe wrlLţ and noLlce LhaL Lhe debLs owlng by hlm Lo
Lhe parLy agalnsL whom aLLachmenL ls lssuedţ and Lhe credlLs and oLher personal properLy ln hls possesslonţ or under hls
conLrolţ belonglng Lo sald parLyţ are aLLached ln pursuance of such wrlLŤ
(e) 1he lnLeresL of Lhe parLy agalnsL whom aLLachmenL ls lssued ln properLy belonglng Lo Lhe esLaLe of Lhe decedenLţ
wheLher as helrţ legaLeeţ or devlseeţ by servlng Lhe execuLor or admlnlsLraLor or oLher personal represenLaLlve of Lhe
decedenL wlLh a copy of Lhe wrlL and noLlce LhaL sald lnLeresL ls aLLachedŦ A copy of sald wrlL of aLLachmenL and of sald
noLlce shall also be flled ln Lhe offlce of Lhe clerk of Lhe courL ln whlch sald esLaLe ls belng seLLled and served upon Lhe
helrţ legaLee or devlsee concernedŦ
lf Lhe properLy soughL Lo be aLLached ls ln costoJlo leqlsţ a copy of Lhe wrlL of aLLachmenL shall be flled wlLh Lhe proper courL or
quaslŴ[udlclal agencyţ and noLlce of Lhe aLLachmenL served upon Lhe cusLodlan of such properLyŦ (7a)
Sect|on 8Ŧ íffect of ottocbmeot of Jebtsţ cteJlts ooJ oll otbet slmllot petsoool ptopettyŦ Ÿ All persons havlng ln Lhelr possesslon or
under Lhelr conLrol any credlLs or oLher slmllar personal properLy belonglng Lo Lhe parLy agalnsL whom aLLachmenL ls lssuedţ or
owlng any debLs Lo hlmţ aL Lhe Llme of servlce upon Lhem of Lhe copy of Lhe wrlL of aLLachmenL and noLlce as provlded ln Lhe lasL
precedlng secLlonţ shall be llable Lo Lhe appllcanL for Lhe amounL of such credlLsţ debLs or oLher slmllar personal properLyţ unLll Lhe
aLLachmenL ls dlschargedţ or any [udgmenL recovered by hlm ls saLlsfledţ unless such properLy ls dellvered or Lransferredţ or such
debLs are paldţ Lo Lhe clerkţ sherlffţ or oLher proper offlcer of Lhe courL lssulng Lhe aLLachmenLŦ (8a)
Sect|on 9Ŧ íffect of ottocbmeot of lotetests lo ptopetty belooqloq to tbe estote of o JeceJeotŦ Ÿ 1he aLLachmenL of Lhe lnLeresL of an
helrţ legaLeeţ or devlsee ln Lhe properLy belonglng Lo Lhe esLaLe of a decedenL shall noL lmpalr Lhe powers of Lhe execuLorţ
admlnlsLraLorţ or oLher personal represenLaLlve of Lhe decedenL over such properLy for Lhe purpose of admlnlsLraLlonŦ Such personal
represenLaLlveţ howeverţ shall reporL Lhe aLLachmenL Lo Lhe courL when any peLlLlon for dlsLrlbuLlon ls flledţ and ln Lhe order made
upon such peLlLlonţ dlsLrlbuLlon may be awarded Lo such helrţ legaLee or devlseeţ buL Lhe properLy aLLached shall be ordered
dellvered Lo Lhe sherlff maklng Lhe levyţ sub[ecL Lo Lhe clalm of such helrţ legaLeeţ or devlseeţ or any person clalmlng under hlmŦ (9a)
Sect|on 10Ŧ íxomlootloo of potty wbose ptopetty ls ottocbeJ ooJ petsoos loJebteJ to blm ot coottollloq bls ptopettyŤ Jellvety of
ptopetty to sbetlffŦ Ÿ Any person owlng debLs Lo Lhe parLy whose properLy ls aLLached or havlng ln hls possesslon or under hls
conLrol any credlL or oLher personal properLy belonglng Lo such parLyţ may be requlred Lo aLLend before Lhe courL ln whlch Lhe
acLlon ls pendlngţ or before a commlssloner appolnLed by Lhe courLţ and be examlned on oaLh respecLlng Lhe sameŦ 1he parLy whose
properLy ls aLLached may also be requlred Lo aLLend for Lhe purpose of glvlng lnformaLlon respecLlng hls properLyţ and may be
examlned on oaLhŦ 1he courL mayţ afLer such examlnaLlonţ order personal properLy capable of manual dellvery belonglng Lo hlmţ ln
Lhe possesslon of Lhe person so requlred Lo aLLend before Lhe courLţ Lo be dellvered Lo Lhe clerk of Lhe courL or sherlff on such Lerms
as may be [usLţ havlng reference Lo any llen Lhereon or clalm agalnsL Lhe sameţ Lo awalL Lhe [udgmenL ln Lhe acLlonŦ (10a)
Sect|on 11Ŧ wbeo ottocbeJ ptopetty moy be solJ oftet levy oo ottocbmeot ooJ befote eotty of joJqmeotŦ Ÿ Whenever lL shall be
made Lo appear Lo Lhe courL ln whlch Lhe acLlon ls pendlngţ upon hearlng wlLh noLlce Lo boLh parLlesţ LhaL Lhe properLy aLLached ls
perlshableţ or LhaL Lhe lnLeresLs of all Lhe parLles Lo Lhe acLlon wlll be subserved by Lhe sale Lhereofţ Lhe courL may order such
properLy Lo be sold aL publlc aucLlon ln such manner as lL may dlrecLţ and Lhe proceeds of such sale Lo be deposlLed ln courL Lo ablde
Lhe [udgmenL ln Lhe acLlonŦ (11a)
Sect|on 12Ŧ ulscbotqe of ottocbmeot opoo qlvloq coootetŴbooJŦ Ÿ AfLer a wrlL of aLLachmenL has been enforcedţ Lhe parLy whose
properLy has been aLLachedţ or Lhe person appearlng on hls behalfţ may move for Lhe dlscharge of Lhe aLLachmenL wholly or ln parL
on Lhe securlLy glvenŦ 1he courL shallţ afLer due noLlce and hearlngţ order Lhe dlscharge of Lhe aLLachmenL lf Lhe movanL makes a
cash deposlLţ or flles a counLerŴbond execuLed Lo Lhe aLLachlng parLy wlLh Lhe clerk of Lhe courL where Lhe appllcaLlon ls madeţ ln an
amounL equal Lo LhaL flxed by Lhe courL ln Lhe order of aLLachmenLţ excluslve of cosLsŦ 8uL lf Lhe aLLachmenL ls soughL Lo be
dlscharged wlLh respecL Lo a parLlcular properLyţ Lhe counLerŴbond shall be equal Lo Lhe value of LhaL properLy as deLermlned by Lhe
courLŦ ln elLher caseţ Lhe cash deposlL or Lhe counLerŴbond shall secure Lhe paymenL of any [udgmenL LhaL Lhe aLLachlng parLy may
recover ln Lhe acLlonŦ A noLlce of Lhe deposlL shall forLhwlLh be served on Lhe aLLachlng parLyŦ upon Lhe dlscharge of an aLLachmenL
ln accordance wlLh Lhe provlslons of Lhls secLlonţ Lhe properLy aLLachedţ or Lhe proceeds of any sale Lhereofţ shall be dellvered Lo Lhe
parLy maklng Lhe deposlL or glvlng Lhe counLerŴbondţ or Lo Lhe person appearlng on hls behalfţ Lhe deposlL or counLerŴbond
aforesald sLandlng ln place of Lhe properLy so releasedŦ Should such counLerŴbond for any reason be found Lo be or become
lnsufflclenLţ and Lhe parLy furnlshlng Lhe same fall Lo flle an addlLlonal counLerŴbondţ Lhe aLLachlng parLy may apply for a new order
of aLLachmenLŦ (12a)
Sect|on 13Ŧ ulscbotqe of ottocbmeot oo otbet qtoooJsŦ Ÿ 1he parLy whose properLy has been ordered aLLached may flle a moLlon
wlLh Lhe courL ln whlch he acLlon ls pendlngţ before or afLer levy or even afLer Lhe release of Lhe aLLached properLyţ for an order Lo
seL aslde or dlscharge Lhe aLLachmenL on Lhe ground LhaL Lhe same was lmproperly or lrregularly lssued or enforcedţ or LhaL Lhe
bond ls lnsufflclenLŦ lf Lhe aLLachmenL ls excesslveţ Lhe dlscharge shall be llmlLed Lo Lhe excessŦ lf Lhe moLlon be made on affldavlLs
on Lhe parL of Lhe movanL buL noL oLherwlseţ Lhe aLLachlng parLy may oppose Lhe moLlon by counLerŴaffldavlLs or oLher evldence ln
addlLlon Lo LhaL on whlch Lhe aLLachmenL was madeŦ AfLer due noLlce and hearlngţ Lhe courL shall order Lhe seLLlng aslde or Lhe
correspondlng dlscharge of Lhe aLLachmenL lf lL appears LhaL lL was lmproperly or lrregularly lssued or enforcedţ or LhaL Lhe bond ls
lnsufflclenLţ or LhaL Lhe aLLachmenL ls excesslveţ and Lhe defecL ls noL cured forLhwlLhŦ (13a)
Sect|on 14Ŧ ltoceeJloqs wbete ptopetty clolmeJ by tbltJ petsooŦ Ÿ lf Lhe properLy aLLached ls clalmed by any person oLher Lhan Lhe
parLy agalnsL whom aLLachmenL had been lssued or hls agenLţ and such person makes an affldavlL of hls LlLle LhereLoţ or rlghL Lo Lhe
possesslon Lhereofţ sLaLlng Lhe grounds of such rlghL or LlLleţ and serves such affldavlL upon Lhe sherlff whlle Lhe laLLer has
possesslon of Lhe aLLached properLyţ and a copy Lhereof upon Lhe aLLachlng parLyţ Lhe sherlff shall noL be bound Lo keep Lhe
properLy under aLLachmenLţ unless Lhe aLLachlng parLy or hls agenLţ on demand of Lhe sherlffţ shall flle a bond approved by Lhe courL
Lo lndemnlfy Lhe LhlrdŴparLy clalmanL ln a sum noL less Lhan Lhe value of Lhe properLy levled uponŦ ln case of dlsagreemenL as Lo
such valueţ Lhe same shall be declded by Lhe courL lssulng Lhe wrlL of aLLachmenLŦ no clalm for damages for Lhe Laklng or keeplng of
Lhe properLy may be enforced agalnsL Lhe bond unless Lhe acLlon Lherefor ls flled wlLhln one hundred LwenLy (120) days from Lhe
daLe of Lhe flllng of Lhe bondŦ
1he sherlff shall noL be llable for damages for Lhe Laklng or keeplng of such properLy Lo any such LhlrdŴparLy clalmanLţ lf such bond
shall be flledŦ noLhlng hereln conLalned shall prevenL such clalmanL or any Lhlrd person from vlndlcaLlng hls clalm Lo Lhe properLyţ or
prevenL Lhe aLLachlng parLy from clalmlng damages agalnsL a LhlrdŴparLy clalmanL who flled a frlvolous or plalnly spurlous clalmţ ln
Lhe same or a separaLe acLlonŦ
When Lhe wrlL of aLLachmenL ls lssued ln favor of Lhe 8epubllc of Lhe Þhlllpplnesţ or any offlcer duly represenLlng lLţ Lhe flllng of such
bond shall noL be requlredţ and ln case Lhe sherlff ls sued for damages as a resulL of Lhe aLLachmenLţ he shall be represenLed by Lhe
SollclLor Ceneralţ and lf held llable Lhereforţ Lhe acLual damages ad[udged by Lhe courL shall be pald by Lhe naLlonal 1reasurer ouL of
Lhe funds Lo be approprlaLed for Lhe purposeŦ (14a)
Sect|on 1SŦ 5otlsfoctloo of joJqmeot oot of ptopetty ottocbeJţ tetoto of sbetlffŦ Ÿ lf [udgmenL be recovered by Lhe aLLachlng parLy
and execuLlon lssue Lhereonţ Lhe sherlff may cause Lhe [udgmenL Lo be saLlsfled ouL of Lhe properLy aLLachedţ lf lL be sufflclenL for
LhaL purpose ln Lhe followlng mannerť
(a) 8y paylng Lo Lhe [udgmenL obllgee Lhe proceeds of all sales of perlshable or oLher properLy sold ln pursuance of Lhe
order of Lhe courLţ or so much as shall be necessary Lo saLlsfy Lhe [udgmenLŤ
(b) lf any balance remalns dueţ by selllng so much of Lhe properLyţ real or personalţ as may be necessary Lo saLlsfy Lhe
balanceţ lf enough for LhaL purpose remaln ln Lhe sherlffƌs handsţ or ln Lhose Lhe clerk of Lhe courLŤ
(c) 8y collecLlng from all persons havlng ln Lhelr possesslon credlLs belonglng Lo Lhe [udgmenL obllgorţ or owlng debLs Lo
Lhe laLLer aL Lhe Llme of Lhe aLLachmenL of such credlLs or debLsţ Lhe amounL of such credlLs and debLs as deLermlned by
Lhe courL ln Lhe acLlonţ and sLaLed ln Lhe [udgmenLţ and paylng Lhe proceeds of such collecLlon over Lo Lhe [udgmenL
obllgeeŦ
1he sherlff shall forLhwlLh make a reLurn ln wrlLlng Lo Lhe courL of hls proceedlngs under Lhls secLlon and furnlsh Lhe parLles wlLh
coples LhereofŦ (13a)
Sect|on 16Ŧ 8olooce Joe collecteJ opoo oo execotlooŤ excess JellveteJ to joJqmeot obllqotŦ Ÿ lf afLer reallzlng upon all Lhe properLy
aLLachedţ lncludlng Lhe proceeds of any debLs or credlLs collecLedţ and applylng Lhe proceeds Lo Lhe saLlsfacLlon of Lhe [udgmenL less
Lhe expenses of proceedlngs upon Lhe [udgmenL any balance shall remaln dueţ Lhe sherlff musL proceed Lo collecL such balance as
upon ordlnary execuLlonŦ Whenever Lhe [udgmenL shall have been paldţ Lhe sherlffţ upon reasonable demandţ musL reLurn Lo Lhe
[udgmenL obllgor Lhe aLLached properLy remalnlng ln hls handsţ and any proceeds of Lhe sale of Lhe properLy aLLached noL applled Lo
Lhe [udgmenLŦ (16a)
Sect|on 17Ŧ kecovety opoo tbe coootetŴbooJŦ Ÿ When Lhe [udgmenL has become execuLoryţ Lhe sureLy or sureLles on any counLerŴ
bond glven pursuanL Lo Lhe provlslons of Lhls 8ule Lo secure Lhe paymenL of Lhe [udgmenL shall become charged on such counLerŴ
bond and bound Lo pay Lhe [udgmenL obllgee upon demand Lhe amounL due under Lhe [udgmenLţ whlch amounL may be recovered
from such sureLy or sureLles afLer noLlce and summary hearlng ln Lhe same acLlonŦ (17a)
Sect|on 18Ŧ ulsposltloo of mooey JeposlteJŦ Ÿ Where Lhe parLy agalnsL whom aLLachmenL had been lssued has deposlLed money
lnsLead of glvlng counLerŴbondţ lL shall be applled under Lhe dlrecLlon of Lhe courL Lo Lhe saLlsfacLlon of any [udgmenL rendered ln
favor of Lhe aLLachlng parLyţ and afLer saLlsfylng Lhe [udgmenL Lhe balance shall be refunded Lo Lhe deposlLor or hls asslgneeŦ lf Lhe
[udgmenL ls ln favor of Lhe parLy agalnsL whom aLLachmenL was lssuedţ Lhe whole sum deposlLed musL be refunded Lo hlm or hls
asslgneeŦ (18a)
Sect|on 19Ŧ ulsposltloo of ottocbeJ ptopetty wbete joJqmeot ls fot potty oqolost wbom ottocbmeot wos lssoeJŦ Ÿ lf [udgmenL be
rendered agalnsL Lhe aLLachlng parLyţ all Lhe proceeds of sales and money collecLed or recelved by Lhe sherlffţ under Lhe order of
aLLachmenLţ and all properLy aLLached remalnlng ln any such offlcerƌs handsţ shall be dellvered Lo Lhe parLy agalnsL whom
aLLachmenL was lssuedţ and Lhe order of aLLachmenL dlschargedŦ (19a)
Sect|on 20Ŧ clolm fot Jomoqes oo occooot of lmptopetţ ltteqolot ot excesslve ottocbmeotŦ Ÿ An appllcaLlon for damages on accounL
of lmproperţ lrregular or excesslve aLLachmenL musL be flled before Lhe Lrlal or before appeal ls perfecLed or before Lhe [udgmenL
becomes execuLoryţ wlLh due noLlce Lo Lhe aLLachlng parLy and hls sureLy or sureLles seLLlng forLh Lhe facLs showlng hls rlghL Lo
damages and Lhe amounL LhereofŦ Such damages may be awarded only afLer proper hearlng and shall be lncluded ln Lhe [udgmenL
on Lhe maln caseŦ
lf Lhe [udgmenL of Lhe appellaLe courL be favorable Lo Lhe parLy agalnsL whom Lhe aLLachmenL was lssued he musL clalm damages
susLalned durlng Lhe pendency of Lhe appeal by flllng an appllcaLlon ln Lhe appellaLe courLţ wlLh noLlce Lo Lhe parLy ln whose favor
Lhe aLLachmenL was lssued or hls sureLy or sureLlesţ before Lhe [udgmenL of Lhe appellaLe courL becomes execuLoryŦ 1he appellaLe
courL may allow Lhe appllcaLlon Lo be heard and declded by Lhe Lrlal courLŦ
noLhlng hereln conLalned shall prevenL Lhe parLy agalnsL whom Lhe aLLachmenL was lssued from recoverlng ln Lhe same acLlon Lhe
damages awarded Lo hlm from any properLy of Lhe aLLachlng parLy noL exempL from execuLlon should Lhe bond or deposlL glven by
Lhe laLLer be lnsufflclenL or fall Lo fully saLlsfy Lhe awardŦ (20a)

kULL S8
Þre||m|nary In[unct|on
Sect|on 1Ŧ ltellmlooty lojooctloo JefloeJŤ clossesŦ Ÿ A prellmlnary ln[uncLlon ls an order granLed aL any sLage of an acLlon or
proceedlng prlor Lo Lhe [udgmenL or flnal orderţ requlrlng a parLy or a courLţ agency or a person Lo refraln from a parLlcular acL or
acLsŦ lL may also requlre Lhe performance of a parLlcular acL or acLsţ ln whlch case lL shall be known as a prellmlnary mandaLory
ln[uncLlonŦ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ wbo moy qtoot ptellmlooty lojooctlooŦ Ÿ A prellmlnary ln[uncLlon may be granLed by Lhe courL where Lhe acLlon or
proceedlng ls pendlngŦ lf Lhe acLlon or proceedlng ls pendlng ln Lhe CourL of Appeals or ln Lhe Supreme CourLţ lL may be lssued by
sald courL or any member LhereofŦ (2a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ CtoooJs fot lssoooce of ptellmlooty lojooctlooŦ Ÿ A prellmlnary ln[uncLlon may be granLed when lL ls esLabllshedť
(a) 1haL Lhe appllcanL ls enLlLled Lo Lhe rellef demandedţ and Lhe whole or parL of such rellef conslsLs ln resLralnlng Lhe
commlsslon or conLlnuance of Lhe acL or acLs complalned ofţ or ln requlrlng Lhe performance of an acL or acLs elLher for a
llmlLed perlod or perpeLuallyŤ
(b) 1haL Lhe commlsslonţ conLlnuance or nonŴperformance of Lhe acL or acLs complalned of durlng Lhe llLlgaLlon would
probably work ln[usLlce Lo Lhe appllcanLŤ or
(c) 1haL a parLyţ courLţ agency or a person ls dolngţ LhreaLenlngţ or ls aLLempLlng Lo doţ or ls procurlng or sufferlng Lo be
done some acL or acLs probably ln vlolaLlon of Lhe rlghLs of Lhe appllcanL respecLlng Lhe sub[ecL of Lhe acLlon or
proceedlngţ and Lendlng Lo render Lhe [udgmenL lneffecLualŦ (3a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ vetlfleJ oppllcotloo ooJ booJ fot ptellmlooty lojooctloo ot tempototy testtololoq otJetŦ Ÿ A prellmlnary ln[uncLlon or
Lemporary resLralnlng order may be granLed only whenť
(a) 1he appllcaLlon ln Lhe acLlon or proceedlng ls verlfledţ and shows facLs enLlLllng Lhe appllcanL Lo Lhe rellef demandedŤ
and
(b) unless exempLed by Lhe courL Lhe appllcanL flles wlLh Lhe courL where Lhe acLlon or proceedlng ls pendlngţ a bond
execuLed Lo Lhe parLy or person en[olnedţ ln an amounL Lo be flxed by Lhe courLţ Lo Lhe effecL LhaL Lhe appllcanL wlll pay
Lo such parLy or person all damages whlch he may susLaln by reason of Lhe ln[uncLlon or Lemporary resLralnlng order lf
Lhe courL should flnally declde LhaL Lhe appllcanL was noL enLlLled LhereLoŦ upon approval of Lhe requlslLe bondţ a wrlL of
prellmlnary ln[uncLlon shall be lssuedŦ (4a)
(c) When an appllcaLlon for a wrlL of prellmlnary ln[uncLlon or a Lemporary resLralnlng order ls lncluded ln a complalnL or
any lnlLlaLory pleadlngţ Lhe caseţ lf flled ln a mulLlpleŴsala courLţ shall be raffled only afLer noLlce Lo and ln Lhe presence of
Lhe adverse parLy or Lhe person Lo be en[olnedŦ ln any evenLţ such noLlce shall be precededţ or conLemporaneously
accompanledţ by servlce of summonsţ LogeLher wlLh a copy of Lhe complalnL or lnlLlaLory pleadlng and Lhe appllcanLƌs
affldavlL and bondţ upon Lhe adverse parLy ln Lhe ÞhlllpplnesŦ
Poweverţ where Lhe summons could noL be served personally or by subsLlLuLed servlce desplLe dlllgenL efforLsţ or Lhe
adverse parLy ls a resldenL of Lhe Þhlllpplnes Lemporarlly absenL Lherefrom or ls a nonresldenL Lhereofţ Lhe requlremenL
of prlor or conLemporaneous servlce of summons shall noL applyŦ
(d) 1he appllcaLlon for a Lemporary resLralnlng order shall LhereafLer be acLed upon only afLer all parLles are heard ln a
summary hearlng whlch shall be conducLed wlLhln LwenLyŴfour (24) hours afLer Lhe sherlffƌs reLurn of servlce and/or Lhe
records are recelved by Lhe branch selecLed by raffle and Lo whlch Lhe records shall be LransmlLLed lmmedlaLelyŦ
Sect|on SŦ ltellmlooty lojooctloo oot qtooteJ wltboot ootlceŤ exceptlooŦ Ÿ no prellmlnary ln[uncLlon shall be granLed wlLhouL
hearlng and prlor noLlce Lo Lhe parLy or person soughL Lo be en[olnedŦ lf lL shall appear from facLs shown by affldavlLs or by Lhe
verlfled appllcaLlon LhaL greaL or lrreparable ln[ury would resulL Lo Lhe appllcanL before Lhe maLLer can be heard on noLlceţ Lhe courL
Lo whlch Lhe appllcaLlon for prellmlnary ln[uncLlon was madeţ may lssue a Lemporary resLralnlng order Lo be effecLlve only for a
perlod of LwenLy (20) days from servlce on Lhe parLy or person soughL Lo be en[olnedţ excepL as hereln provldedŦ WlLhln Lhe sald
LwenLyŴday perlodţ Lhe courL musL order sald parLy or person Lo show causeţ aL a speclfled Llme and placeţ why Lhe ln[uncLlon should
noL be granLedţ deLermlne wlLhln Lhe same perlod wheLher or noL Lhe prellmlnary ln[uncLlon shall be granLedţ and accordlngly lssue
Lhe correspondlng orderŦ (8ar MaLLer noŦ 803ţ 17 lebruary 1998)
Poweverţ and sub[ecL Lo Lhe provlslons of Lhe precedlng secLlonsţ lf Lhe maLLer ls of exLreme urgency and Lhe appllcanL wlll suffer
grave ln[usLlce and lrreparable ln[uryţ Lhe execuLlve [udge of a mulLlpleŴsala courL or Lhe presldlng [udge of a slngle sala courL may
lssue ex potte a Lemporary resLralnlng order effecLlve for only sevenLyŴLwo (72) hours from lssuance buL he shall lmmedlaLely
comply wlLh Lhe provlslons of Lhe nexL precedlng secLlon as Lo servlce of summons and Lhe documenLs Lo be served LherewlLhŦ
1hereafLerţ wlLhln Lhe aforesald sevenLyŴLwo (72) hoursţ Lhe [udge before whom Lhe case ls pendlng shall conducL a summary
hearlng Lo deLermlne wheLher Lhe Lemporary resLralnlng order shall be exLended unLll Lhe appllcaLlon for prellmlnary ln[uncLlon can
be heardŦ ln no case shall Lhe LoLal perlod of effecLlvlLy of Lhe Lemporary resLralnlng order exceed LwenLy (20) daysţ lncludlng Lhe
orlglnal sevenLyŴLwo hours provlded herelnŦ
ln Lhe evenL LhaL Lhe appllcaLlon for prellmlnary ln[uncLlon ls denled or noL resolved wlLhln Lhe sald perlodţ Lhe Lemporary
resLralnlng order ls deemedţ auLomaLlcally vacaLedŦ 1he effecLlvlLy of a Lemporary resLralnlng order ls noL exLendlble wlLhouL need
of any [udlclal declaraLlon Lo LhaL effecL and no courL shall have auLhorlLy Lo exLend or renew Lhe same on Lhe same ground for
whlch lL was lssuedŦ
Poweverţ lf lssued by Lhe CourL of Appeals or a member Lhereofţ Lhe Lemporary resLralnlng order shall be effecLlve for slxLy (60) days
from servlce on Lhe parLy or person soughL Lo be en[olnedŦ A resLralnlngţ order lssued by Lhe Supreme CourL or a member Lhereof
shall be effecLlve unLll furLher ordersŦ (3a)
Sect|on 6Ŧ CtoooJs fot objectloo toţ ot fot motloo of Jlssolotloo ofţ lojooctloo ot testtololoq otJetŦ Ÿ 1he appllcaLlon for ln[uncLlon or
resLralnlng order may be denledţ upon a showlng of lLs lnsufflclencyŦ 1he ln[uncLlon or resLralnlng order may also be denledţ orţ lf
granLedţ may be dlssolvedţ on oLher grounds upon affldavlLs of Lhe parLy or person en[olnedţ whlch may be opposed by Lhe
appllcanL also by affldavlLsŦ lL may furLher be denledţ or lf granLedţ may be dlssolvedţ lf lL appears afLer hearlng LhaL alLhough Lhe
appllcanL ls enLlLled Lo Lhe ln[uncLlon or resLralnlng orderţ Lhe lssuance or conLlnuance Lhereofţ as Lhe case may beţ would cause
lrreparable damage Lo Lhe parLy or person en[olned whlle Lhe appllcanL can be fully compensaLed for such damages as he may
sufferţ and Lhe former flles a bond ln an amounL flxed by Lhe courL condlLloned LhaL he wlll pay all damages whlch Lhe appllcanL may
suffer by Lhe denlal or Lhe dlssoluLlon of Lhe ln[uncLlon or resLralnlng orderŦ lf lL appears LhaL Lhe exLenL of Lhe prellmlnary ln[uncLlon
or resLralnlng order granLed ls Loo greaLţ lL may be modlfledŦ (6a)
Sect|on 7Ŧ 5etvlce of coples of booJsŤ effect of Jlsopptovol of someŦ Ÿ 1he parLy flllng a bond ln accordance wlLh Lhe provlslons of
Lhls 8ule shall forLhwlLh serve a copy of such bond on Lhe oLher parLyţ who may excepL Lo Lhe sufflclency of Lhe bondţ or of Lhe
sureLy or sureLles LhereonŦ lf Lhe appllcanLƌs bond ls found Lo be lnsufflclenL ln amounLţ or lf Lhe sureLy or sureLles Lhereon fall Lo
[usLlfyţ and a bond sufflclenL ln amounL wlLh sufflclenL sureLles approved afLer [usLlflcaLlon ls noL flled forLhwlLh Lhe ln[uncLlon shall
be dlssolvedŦ lf Lhe bond of Lhe adverse parLy ls found Lo be lnsufflclenL ln amounLţ or Lhe sureLy or sureLles Lhereon fall Lo [usLlfy a
bond sufflclenL ln amounL wlLh sufflclenL sureLles approved afLer [usLlflcaLlon ls noL flled forLhwlLhţ Lhe ln[uncLlon shall be granLed or
resLoredţ as Lhe case may beŦ (8a)
Sect|on 8Ŧ IoJqmeot to locloJe Jomoqes oqolost potty ooJ sotetlesŦ Ÿ AL Lhe Lrlalţ Lhe amounL of damages Lo be awarded Lo elLher
parLyţ upon Lhe bond of Lhe adverse parLyţ shall be clalmedţ ascerLalnedţ and awarded under Lhe same procedure prescrlbed ln
secLlon 20 of 8ule 37Ŧ (9a)
Sect|on 9Ŧ wbeo flool lojooctloo qtooteJŦ Ÿ lf afLer Lhe Lrlal of Lhe acLlon lL appears LhaL Lhe appllcanL ls enLlLled Lo have Lhe acL or
acLs complalned of permanenLly en[olned Lhe courL shall granL a flnal ln[uncLlon perpeLually resLralnlng Lhe parLy or person en[olned
from Lhe commlsslon or conLlnuance of Lhe acL or acLs of conflrmlng Lhe prellmlnary mandaLory ln[uncLlonŦ (10a)

kULL S9
kece|versh|p
Sect|on 1Ŧ Appolotmeot of tecelvetŦ Ÿ upon a verlfled appllcaLlonţ one or more recelvers of Lhe properLy sub[ecL of Lhe acLlon or
proceedlng may be appolnLed by Lhe courL where Lhe acLlon ls pendlng or by Lhe CourL of Appeals or by Lhe Supreme CourLţ or a
member Lhereofţ ln Lhe followlng casesť
(a) When lL appears from Lhe verlfled appllcaLlonţ and such oLher proof as Lhe courL may requlreţ LhaL Lhe parLy applylng
for Lhe appolnLmenL of a recelver has an lnLeresL ln Lhe properLy or fund whlch ls Lhe sub[ecL of Lhe acLlon or proceedlngţ
and LhaL such properLy or fund ls ln danger of belng losLţ removedţ or maLerlally ln[ured unless a recelver be appolnLed Lo
admlnlsLer and preserve lLŤ
(b) When lL appears ln an acLlon by Lhe morLgagee for Lhe foreclosure of a morLgage LhaL Lhe properLy ls ln danger of
belng wasLed or dlsslpaLed or maLerlally ln[uredţ and LhaL lLs value ls probably lnsufflclenL Lo dlscharge Lhe morLgage
debLţ or LhaL Lhe parLles have so sLlpulaLed ln Lhe conLracL of morLgageŤ
(c) AfLer [udgmenLţ Lo preserve Lhe properLy durlng Lhe pendency of an appealţ or Lo dlspose of lL accordlng Lo Lhe
[udgmenLţ or Lo ald execuLlon when Lhe execuLlon has been reLurned unsaLlsfled or Lhe [udgmenL obllgor refuses Lo apply
hls properLy ln saLlsfacLlon of Lhe [udgmenLţ or oLherwlse Lo carry Lhe [udgmenL lnLo effecLŤ
(d) Whenever ln oLher cases lL appears LhaL Lhe appolnLmenL of a recelver ls Lhe mosL convenlenL and feaslble means of
preservlngţ admlnlsLerlngţ or dlsposlng of Lhe properLy ln llLlgaLlonŦ
uurlng Lhe pendency of an appealţ Lhe appellaLe courL may allow an appllcaLlon for Lhe appolnLmenL of a recelver Lo be flled ln and
declded by Lhe courL of orlgln and Lhe recelver appolnLed Lo be sub[ecL Lo Lhe conLrol of sald courLŦ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ 8ooJ oo oppolotmeot of tecelvetŦ Ÿ 8efore lssulng Lhe order appolnLlng a recelver Lhe courL shall requlre Lhe appllcanL Lo
flle a bond execuLed Lo Lhe parLy agalnsL whom Lhe appllcaLlon ls presenLedţ ln an amounL Lo be flxed by Lhe courLţ Lo Lhe effecL LhaL
Lhe appllcanL wlll pay such parLy all damages he may susLaln by reason of Lhe appolnLmenL of such recelver ln case Lhe appllcanL
shall have procured such appolnLmenL wlLhouL sufflclenL causeŤ and Lhe courL mayţ ln lLs dlscreLlonţ aL any Llme afLer Lhe
appolnLmenLţ requlre an addlLlonal bond as furLher securlLy for such damagesŦ (3a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ ueolol of oppllcotloo ot Jlscbotqe of tecelvetŦ Ÿ 1he appllcaLlon may be denledţ or Lhe recelver dlschargedţ when Lhe
adverse parLy flles a bond execuLed Lo Lhe appllcanLţ ln an amounL Lo be flxed by Lhe courLţ Lo Lhe effecL LhaL such parLy wlll pay Lhe
appllcanL all damages he may suffer by reason of Lhe acLsţ omlsslonsţ or oLher maLLers speclfled ln Lhe appllcaLlon as ground for such
appolnLmenLŦ 1he recelver may also be dlscharged lf lL ls shown LhaL hls appolnLmenL was obLalned wlLhouL sufflclenL causeŦ (4a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ Ootb ooJ booJ of tecelvetŦ Ÿ 8efore enLerlng upon hls duLlesţ Lhe recelver shall be sworn Lo perform Lhem falLhfullyţ and
shall flle a bondţ execuLed Lo such person and ln such sum as Lhe courL may dlrecLţ Lo Lhe effecL LhaL he wlll falLhfully dlscharge hls
duLles ln Lhe acLlon or proceedlng and obey Lhe orders of Lhe courLŦ (3a)
Sect|on SŦ 5etvlce of coples of booJsŤ effect of Jlsopptovol of someŦ Ÿ 1he person flllng a bond ln accordance wlLh Lhe provlslons of
Lhls 8ule shall forLhwlLh serve a copy Lhereof on each lnLeresLed parLyţ who may excepL Lo lLs sufflclency or of Lhe sureLy or sureLles
LhereonŦ lf elLher Lhe appllcanLƌs or Lhe recelverƌs bond ls found Lo be lnsufflclenL ln amounLţ or lf Lhe sureLy or sureLles Lhereon fall
Lo [usLlfyţ and a bond sufflclenL ln amounL wlLh sufflclenL sureLles approved afLer [usLlflcaLlon ls noL flled forLhwlLhţ Lhe appllcaLlon
shall be denled or Lhe recelver dlschargedţ as Lhe case may beŦ lf Lhe bond of Lhe adverse parLy ls found Lo be lnsufflclenL ln amounL
or Lhe sureLy or sureLles Lhereon fall Lo [usLlfyţ and a bond sufflclenL ln amounL wlLh sufflclenL sureLles approved afLer [usLlflcaLlon ls
noL flled forLhwlLhţ Lhe recelver shall be appolnLed or reŴappolnLedţ as Lhe case may beŦ (6a)
Sect|on 6Ŧ Ceoetol powets of tecelvetŦ Ÿ Sub[ecL Lo Lhe conLrol of Lhe courL ln whlch Lhe acLlon or proceedlng ls pendlng a recelver
shall have Lhe power Lo brlng and defendţ ln such capaclLyţ acLlons ln hls own nameŤ Lo Lake and keep possesslon of Lhe properLy ln
conLroversyŤ Lo recelve renLsŤ Lo collecL debLs due Lo hlmself as recelver or Lo Lhe fundţ properLyţ esLaLeţ personţ or corporaLlon of
whlch he ls Lhe recelverŤ Lo compound for and compromlse Lhe sameŤ Lo make LransfersŤ Lo pay ouLsLandlng debLsŤ Lo dlvlde Lhe
money and oLher properLy LhaL shall remaln among Lhe persons legally enLlLled Lo recelve Lhe sameŤ and generally Lo do such acLs
respecLlng Lhe properLy as Lhe courL may auLhorlzeŦ Poweverţ funds ln Lhe hands of a recelver may be lnvesLed only by order of Lhe
courL upon Lhe wrlLLen consenL of all Lhe parLles Lo Lhe acLlonŦ (7a)
no acLlon may be flled by or agalnsL a recelver wlLhouL leave of Lhe courL whlch appolnLed hlmŦ (n)
Sect|on 7Ŧ lloblllty fot tefosol ot oeqlect to Jellvet ptopetty to tecelvetŦ Ÿ A person who refuses or neglecLsţ upon reasonable
demandţ Lo dellver Lo Lhe recelver all Lhe properLyţ moneyţ booksţ deedsţ noLesţ blllsţ documenLs and papers wlLhln hls power or
conLrolţ sub[ecL of or lnvolved ln Lhe acLlon or proceedlngţ or ln case of dlsagreemenLţ as deLermlned and ordered by Lhe courLţ may
be punlshed for conLempL and shall be llable Lo Lhe recelver for Lhe money or Lhe value of Lhe properLy and oLher Lhlngs so refused
or neglecLed Lo be surrenderedţ LogeLher wlLh all damages LhaL may have been susLalned by Lhe parLy or parLles enLlLled LhereLo as a
consequence of such refusal or neglecLŦ (n)
Sect|on 8Ŧ 1etmlootloo of tecelvetsblpŤ compeosotloo of tecelvetŦ Ÿ Whenever Lhe courLţ moto ptoptlo or on moLlon of elLher parLyţ
shall deLermlne LhaL Lhe necesslLy for a recelver no longer exlsLsţ lL shallţ afLer due noLlce Lo all lnLeresLed parLles and hearlngţ seLLle
Lhe accounLs of Lhe recelverţ dlrecL Lhe dellvery of Lhe funds and oLher properLy ln hls possesslon Lo Lhe person ad[udged Lo be
enLlLled Lo recelve Lhem and order Lhe dlscharge of Lhe recelver from furLher duLy as suchŦ 1he courL shall allow Lhe recelver such
reasonable compensaLlon as Lhe clrcumsLances of Lhe case warranLţ Lo be Laxed as cosLs agalnsL Lhe defeaLed parLyţ or apporLlonedţ
as [usLlce requlresŦ (8a)
Sect|on 9Ŧ IoJqmeot to locloJe tecovety oqolost sotetlesŦ Ÿ 1he amounLţ lf anyţ Lo be awarded Lo any parLy upon any bond flled ln
accordance wlLh Lhe provlslons of Lhls 8uleţ shall be clalmedţ ascerLalnedţ and granLed under Lhe same procedure prescrlbed ln
secLlon 20 of 8ule 37Ŧ (9a)

kULL 60
kep|ev|n
Sect|on 1Ŧ AppllcotlooŦ Ÿ A parLy praylng for Lhe recovery of possesslon of personal properLy mayţ aL Lhe commencemenL of Lhe
acLlon or aL any Llme before answerţ apply for an order for Lhe dellvery of such properLy Lo hlmţ ln Lhe manner herelnafLer provldedŦ
(1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ AfflJovlt ooJ booJŦ Ÿ 1he appllcanL musL show by hls own affldavlL or LhaL of some oLher person who personally knows
Lhe facLsť
(a) 1haL Lhe appllcanL ls Lhe owner of Lhe properLy clalmedţ parLlcularly descrlblng lLţ or ls enLlLled Lo Lhe possesslon
LhereofŤ
(b) 1haL Lhe properLy ls wrongfully deLalned by Lhe adverse parLyţ alleglng Lhe cause of deLenLlon Lhereof accordlng Lo Lhe
besL of hls knowledgeţ lnformaLlonţ and bellef Ť
(c) 1haL Lhe properLy has noL been dlsLralned or Laken for a Lax assessmenL or a flne pursuanL Lo lawţ or selzed under a
wrlL of execuLlon or prellmlnary aLLachmenLţ or oLherwlse placed under costoJlo leqlsţ or lf so selzedţ LhaL lL ls exempL
from such selzure or cusLodyŤ and
(d) 1he acLual markeL value of Lhe properLyŦ
1he appllcanL musL also glve a bondţ execuLed Lo Lhe adverse parLy ln double Lhe value of Lhe properLy as sLaLed ln Lhe affldavlL
aforemenLlonedţ for Lhe reLurn of Lhe properLy Lo Lhe adverse parLy lf such reLurn be ad[udgedţ and for Lhe paymenL Lo Lhe adverse
parLy of such sum as he may recover from Lhe appllcanL ln Lhe acLlonŦ (2a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ OtJetŦ Ÿ upon Lhe flllng of such affldavlL and approval of Lhe bondţ Lhe courL shall lssue an order and Lhe correspondlng
wrlL of replevlnţ descrlblng Lhe personal properLy alleged Lo be wrongfully deLalned and requlrlng Lhe sherlff forLhwlLh Lo Lake such
properLy lnLo hls cusLodyŦ (3a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ uoty of tbe sbetlffŦ Ÿ upon recelvlng such orderţ Lhe sherlff musL serve a copy Lhereof on Lhe adverse parLyţ LogeLher
wlLh a copy of Lhe appllcaLlonţ affldavlL and bondţ and musL forLhwlLh Lake Lhe properLyţ lf lL be ln Lhe possesslon of Lhe adverse
parLyţ or hls agenLţ and reLaln lL ln hls cusLodyŦ lf Lhe properLy or any parL Lhereof be concealed ln a bulldlng or enclosureţ Lhe sherlff
musL demand lLs dellveryţ and lf lL be noL dellveredţ he musL cause Lhe bulldlng or enclosure Lo be broken open and Lake Lhe
properLy lnLo hls possesslonŦ AfLer Lhe sherlff has Lake possesslon of Lhe properLy as hereln provldedţ he musL keep lL ln a secure
place and shall be responslble for lLs dellvery Lo Lhe parLy enLlLled LhereLo upon recelvlng hls fees and necessary expenses for Laklng
and keeplng Lhe sameŦ (4a)
Sect|on SŦ ketoto of ptopettyŦ Ÿ lf Lhe adverse parLy ob[ecLs Lo Lhe sufflclency of Lhe appllcanLƌs bondţ or of Lhe sureLy or sureLles
Lhereonţ he cannoL lmmedlaLely requlre Lhe reLurn of Lhe properLyţ buL lf he does noL so ob[ecLţ he mayţ aL any Llme before Lhe
dellvery of Lhe properLy Lo Lhe appllcanLţ requlre Lhe reLurn Lhereofţ by flllng wlLh Lhe courL where Lhe acLlon ls pendlng a bond
execuLed Lo Lhe appllcanLţ ln double Lhe value of Lhe properLy as sLaLed ln Lhe appllcanLƌs affldavlL for Lhe dellvery Lhereof Lo Lhe
appllcanLţ lf such dellvery be ad[udgedţ and for Lhe paymenL of such sumţ Lo hlm as may be recovered agalnsL Lhe adverse parLyţ and
by servlng a copy of such bond on Lhe appllcanLŦ (3a)
Sect|on 6Ŧ ulsposltloo of ptopetty by sbetlffŦ Ÿ lf wlLhln flve (3) days afLer Lhe Laklng of Lhe properLy by Lhe sherlffţ Lhe adverse parLy
does noL ob[ecL Lo Lhe sufflclency of Lhe bondţ or of Lhe sureLy or sureLles LhereonŤ or lf Lhe adverse parLy so ob[ecLs and Lhe courL
afflrms lLs approval of Lhe appllcanLƌs bond or approves a new bondţ or lf Lhe adverse parLy requlres Lhe reLurn of Lhe properLy buL
hls bond ls ob[ecLed Lo and found lnsufflclenL and he does noL forLhwlLh flle an approved bondţ Lhe properLy shall be dellvered Lo
Lhe appllcanLŦ lf for any reason Lhe properLy ls noL dellvered Lo Lhe appllcanLţ Lhe sherlff musL reLurn lL Lo Lhe adverse parLyŦ (6a)
Sect|on 7Ŧ ltoceeJloqs wbete ptopetty clolmeJ by tbltJ petsooŦ Ÿ lf Lhe properLy Laken ls clalmed by any person oLher Lhan Lhe
parLy agalnsL whom Lhe wrlL of replevln had been lssued or hls agenLţ and such person makes an affldavlL of hls LlLle LhereLoţ or rlghL
Lo Lhe possesslon Lhereofţ sLaLlng Lhe grounds Lhereforţ and serves such affldavlL upon Lhe sherlff whlle Lhe laLLer has possesslon of
Lhe properLy and a copy Lhereof upon Lhe appllcanLţ Lhe sherlff shall noL be bound Lo keep Lhe properLy under replevln or dellver lL
Lo Lhe appllcanL unless Lhe appllcanL or hls agenLţ on demand of sald sherlffţ shall flle a bond approved by Lhe courL Lo lndemnlfy Lhe
LhlrdŴparLy clalmanL ln a sum noL less Lhan Lhe value of Lhe properLy under replevln as provlded ln secLlon 2 hereofŦ ln case of
dlsagreemenL as Lo such valueţ Lhe courL shall deLermlne Lhe sameŦ no clalm for damages for Lhe Laklng or keeplngţ of Lhe properLy
may be enforced agalnsL Lhe bond unless Lhe acLlon Lherefor ls flled wlLhln one hundred LwenLy (120) days from Lhe daLe of Lhe flllng
of Lhe bondŦ
1he sherlff shall noL be llable for damagesţ for Lhe Laklng or keeplng of such properLyţ Lo any such LhlrdŴparLy clalmanL lf such bond
shall be flledŦ noLhlng hereln conLalned shall prevenL such clalmanL or any Lhlrd person from vlndlcaLlng hls clalm Lo Lhe properLyţ or
prevenL Lhe appllcanL from clalmlng damages agalnsL a LhlrdŴparLy clalmanL who flled a frlvolous or plalnly spurlous clalmţ ln Lhe
same or a separaLe acLlonŦ
When Lhe wrlL of replevln ls lssued ln favor of Lhe 8epubllc of Lhe Þhlllpplnesţ or any offlcer duly represenLlng lLţ Lhe flllng of such
bond shall noL be requlredţ and ln case Lhe sherlff ls sued for damages as a resulL of Lhe replevlnţ he shall be represenLed by Lhe
SollclLor Ceneralţ and lf held llable Lhereforţ Lhe acLual damages ad[udged by Lhe courL shall be pald by Lhe naLlonal 1reasurer ouL of
Lhe funds Lo be approprlaLed for Lhe purposeŦ (7a)
Sect|on 8Ŧ ketoto of popetsŦ Ÿ 1he sherlff musL flle Lhe orderţ wlLh hls proceedlngs lndorsedţ Lhereonţ wlLh Lhe courL wlLhln Len (10)
days afLer Laklng Lhe properLy menLloned LherelnŦ (8a)
Sect|on 9Ŧ IoJqmeotŦ Ÿ AfLer Lrlal of Lhe lssues Lhe courL shall deLermlne who has Lhe rlghL of possesslon Lo and Lhe value of Lhe
properLy and shall render [udgmenL ln Lhe alLernaLlve for Lhe dellvery Lhereof Lo Lhe parLy enLlLled Lo Lhe sameţ or for lLs value ln
case dellvery cannoL be madeţ and also for such damages as elLher parLy may proveţ wlLh cosLsŦ (9a)
Sect|on 10Ŧ IoJqmeot to locloJe tecovety oqolost sotetlesŦ Ÿ 1he amounLţ lf anyţ Lo be awarded Lo any parLy upon any bond flled ln
accordance wlLh Lhe provlslons of Lhls 8uleţ shall be clalmedţ ascerLalnedţ and granLed under Lhe same procedure as prescrlbed ln
secLlon 20 of 8ule 37Ŧ (10a)

kULL 61
Support Þendente L|te
Sect|on 1Ŧ AppllcotlooŦ Ÿ AL Lhe commencemenL of Lhe proper acLlon or proceedlngţ or aL any Llme prlor Lo Lhe [udgmenL or flnal
orderţ a verlfled appllcaLlon for supporL peoJeote llte may be flled by any parLy sLaLlng Lhe grounds for Lhe clalm and Lhe flnanclal
condlLlons of boLh parLlesţ and accompanled by affldavlLsţ deposlLlons or oLher auLhenLlc documenLs ln supporL LhereofŦ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ commeotŦ Ÿ A copy of Lhe appllcaLlon and all supporLlng documenLs shall be served upon Lhe adverse parLyţ who shall
have flve (3) days Lo commenL Lhereon unless a dlfferenL perlod ls flxed by Lhe courL upon hls moLlonŦ 1he commenL shall be verlfled
and shall be accompanled by affldavlLsţ deposlLlons or oLher auLhenLlc documenLs ln supporL LhereofŦ (2aţ 3a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ neotloqŦ Ÿ AfLer Lhe commenL ls flledţ or afLer Lhe explraLlon of Lhe perlod for lLs flllngţ Lhe appllcaLlon shall be seL for
hearlng noL more Lhan Lhree (3) days LhereafLerŦ 1he facLs ln lssue shall be proved ln Lhe same manner as ls provlded for evldence on
moLlonsŦ (4a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ OtJetŦ Ÿ 1he courL shall deLermlne provlslonally Lhe perLlnenL facLsţ and shall render such orders as [usLlce and equlLy
may requlreţ havlng Lhe regard Lo Lhe probable ouLcome of Lhe case and such oLher clrcumsLances as may ald ln Lhe proper
resoluLlon of Lhe quesLlon lnvolvedŦ lf Lhe appllcaLlon ls granLedţ Lhe courL shall flx Lhe amounL of money Lo be provlslonally pald or
such oLher forms of supporL as should be provldedţ Laklng lnLo accounL Lhe necesslLles of Lhe appllcanL and Lhe resources or means
of Lhe adverse parLyţ and Lhe Lerms of paymenL or mode for provldlng Lhe supporLŦ lf Lhe appllcaLlon ls denledţ Lhe prlnclpal case
shall be Lrled and declded as early as posslbleŦ (3a)
Sect|on SŦ íofotcemeot of otJetŦ Ÿ lf Lhe adverse parLy falls Lo comply wlLh an order granLlng supporL peoJeote llteţ Lhe courL
shallţ moto ptoptlo or upon moLlonŤ lssue an order of execuLlon agalnsL hlmţ wlLhouL pre[udlce Lo hls llablllLy for conLempLŦ (6a)
When Lhe person ordered Lo glve supporL peoJeote llte refuses or falls Lo do soţ any Lhlrd person who furnlshed LhaL supporL Lo Lhe
appllcanL mayţ afLer due noLlce and hearlng ln Lhe same case obLaln a wrlL of execuLlon Lo enforce hls rlghL of relmbursemenL
agalnsL Lhe person ordered Lo provlde such supporLŦ (h)
Sect|on 6Ŧ 5oppott lo ctlmlool cosesŦ Ÿ ln crlmlnal acLlons where Lhe clvll llablllLy lncludes supporL for Lhe offsprlng as a consequence
of Lhe crlme and Lhe clvll aspecL Lhereof has noL been walvedţ reserved and lnsLlLuLed prlor Lo lLs flllngţ Lhe accused may be ordered
Lo provlde supporL peoJeote llte Lo Lhe chlld born Lo Lhe offended parLy allegedly because of Lhe crlmeŦ 1he appllcaLlon Lherefor may
be flled successlvely by Lhe offended parLyţ her parenLsţ grandparenLs or guardlan and Lhe SLaLe ln Lhe correspondlng crlmlnal case
durlng lLs pendencyţ ln accordance wlLh Lhe procedure esLabllshed under Lhls 8uleŦ (n)
Sect|on 7Ŧ kestltotlooŦ Ÿ When Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order of Lhe courL flnds LhaL Lhe person who has been provldlng
supporL peoJeote llte ls noL llable Lhereforţ lL shall order Lhe reclplenL Lhereof Lo reLurn Lo Lhe former Lhe amounLs already pald wlLh
legal lnLeresL from Lhe daLes of acLual paymenLţ wlLhouL pre[udlce Lo Lhe rlghL of Lhe reclplenL Lo obLaln relmbursemenL ln a
separaLe acLlon from Lhe person legally obllged Lo glve Lhe supporLŦ Should Lhe reclplenL fall Lo relmburse sald amounLsţ Lhe person
who provlded Lhe same may llkewlse seek relmbursemenL Lhereof ln a separaLe acLlon from Lhe person legally obllged Lo glve such
supporLŦ (n)

Spec|a| C|v|| Act|ons

kULL 62
Interp|eader
Sect|on 1Ŧ wbeo lotetpleoJet ptopetŦ Ÿ Whenever confllcLlng clalms upon Lhe same sub[ecL maLLer are or may be made agalnsL a
person who clalms no lnLeresL whaLever ln Lhe sub[ecL maLLerţ or an lnLeresL whlch ln whole or ln parL ls noL dlspuLed by Lhe
clalmanLsţ he may brlng an acLlon agalnsL Lhe confllcLlng clalmanLs Lo compel Lhem Lo lnLerplead and llLlgaLe Lhelr several clalms
among LhemselvesŦ (1aţ 863)
Sect|on 2Ŧ OtJetŦ Ÿ upon Lhe flllng of Lhe complalnLţ Lhe courL shall lssue an order requlrlng Lhe confllcLlng clalmanLs Lo lnLerplead
wlLh one anoLherŦ lf Lhe lnLeresLs of [usLlce so requlreţ Lhe courL may dlrecL ln such order LhaL Lhe sub[ecL maLLer be pald or
dellvered Lo Lhe courLŦ (2aţ 863)
Sect|on 3Ŧ 5ommoosŦ Ÿ Summons shall be served upon Lhe confllcLlng clalmanLsţ LogeLher wlLh a copy of Lhe complalnL and orderŦ
(3ţ 863)
Sect|on 4Ŧ Motloo to JlsmlssŦ Ÿ WlLhln Lhe Llme for flllng an answerţ each clalmanL may flle a moLlon Lo dlsmlss on Lhe ground of
lmproprleLy of Lhe lnLerpleader acLlon or on oLher approprlaLe grounds speclfled ln 8ule 16Ŧ 1he perlod Lo flle Lhe answer shall be
Lolled and lf Lhe moLlon ls denledţ Lhe movanL may flle hls answer wlLhln Lhe remalnlng perlodţ buL whlch shall noL be less Lhan flve
(3) days ln any evenLţ reckoned from noLlce of denlalŦ (n)
Sect|on SŦ Aoswet ooJ otbet pleoJloqsŦ Ÿ Lach clalmanL shall flle hls answer seLLlng forLh hls clalm wlLhln flfLeen (13) days from
servlce of Lhe summons upon hlmţ servlng a copy Lhereof upon each of Lhe oLher confllcLlng clalmanLs who may flle Lhelr reply
LhereLo as provlded by Lhese 8ulesŦ lf any clalmanL falls Lo plead wlLhln Lhe Llme hereln flxedţ Lhe courL mayţ on moLlonţ declare hlm
ln defaulL and LhereafLer render [udgmenL barrlng hlm from any clalm ln respecL Lo Lhe sub[ecL maLLerŦ
1he parLles ln an lnLerpleader acLlon may flle counLerclalmsţ crossŴclalmsţ LhlrdŴparLy complalnLs and responslve pleadlngs LhereLoţ
as provlded by Lhese 8ulesŦ (4aţ 863)
Sect|on 6Ŧ uetetmlootlooŦ Ÿ AfLer Lhe pleadlngs of Lhe confllcLlng clalmanLs have been flledţ and preŴLrlal has been conducLed ln
accordance wlLh Lhe 8ulesţ Lhe courL shall proceed Lo deLermlne Lhelr respecLlve rlghLs and ad[udlcaLe Lhelr several clalmsŦ (3aţ 863)
Sect|on 7Ŧ uocket ooJ otbet lowfol feesţ costs ooJ lltlqotloo expeoses os lleosŦ Ÿ 1he dockeL and oLher lawful fees pald by Lhe parLy
who flled a complalnL under Lhls 8uleţ as well as Lhe cosLs and llLlgaLlon expensesţ shall consLlLuLe a llen or change upon Lhe sub[ecL
maLLer of Lhe acLlonţ unless Lhe courL shall order oLherwlseŦ (6aţ 863)

kULL 63
Dec|aratory ke||ef and S|m||ar kemed|es
Sect|on 1Ŧ wbo moy flle petltlooŦ Ÿ Any person lnLeresLed under a deedţ wlllţ conLracL or oLher wrlLLen lnsLrumenLţ or whose rlghLs
are affecLed by a sLaLuLeţ execuLlve order or regulaLlonţ ordlnanceţ or any oLher governmenLal regulaLlon mayţ before breach or
vlolaLlon Lhereof brlng an acLlon ln Lhe approprlaLe 8eglonal 1rlal CourL Lo deLermlne any quesLlon of consLrucLlon or valldlLy arlslngţ
and for a declaraLlon of hls rlghLs or duLlesţ LhereunderŦ (8ar MaLLer noŦ 803ţ 17 lebruary 1998)
An acLlon for Lhe reformaLlon of an lnsLrumenLţ Lo quleL LlLle Lo real properLy or remove clouds Lherefromţ or Lo consolldaLe
ownershlp under ArLlcle 1607 of Lhe Clvll Codeţ may be broughL under Lhls 8uleŦ (1aţ 864)
Sect|on 2Ŧ lottlesŦ Ÿ All persons who have or clalm any lnLeresL whlch would be affecLed by Lhe declaraLlon shall be made parLlesŤ
and no declaraLlon shallţ excepL as oLherwlse provlded ln Lhese 8ulesţ pre[udlce Lhe rlghLs of persons noL parLles Lo Lhe acLlonŦ (2aţ
864)
Sect|on 3Ŧ Notlce oo 5ollcltot CeoetolŦ Ÿ ln any acLlon whlch lnvolves Lhe valldlLy of a sLaLuLeţ execuLlve order or regulaLlonţ or any
oLher governmenLal regulaLlonţ Lhe SollclLor Ceneral shall be noLlfled by Lhe parLy assalllng Lhe same and shall be enLlLled Lo be
heard upon such quesLlonŦ (3aţ 864)
Sect|on 4Ŧ locol qovetomeot otJlooocesŦ Ÿ ln any acLlon lnvolvlng Lhe valldlLy of a local governmenL ordlnanceţ Lhe correspondlng
prosecuLor or aLLorney of Lhe local governmenLal unlL lnvolved shall be slmllarly noLlfled and enLlLled Lo be heardŦ lf such ordlnance
ls alleged Lo be unconsLlLuLlonalţ Lhe SollclLor Ceneral shall also be noLlfled and enLlLled Lo be heardŦ (4aţ 864)
Sect|on SŦ coott octloo JlsctetloootyŦ Ÿ LxcepL ln acLlons falllng under Lhe second paragraph of secLlon 1 of Lhls 8uleţ Lhe
courLţ moto ptoptlo or upon moLlonţ may refuse Lo exerclse Lhe power Lo declare rlghLs and Lo consLrue lnsLrumenLs ln any case
where a declslon would noL LermlnaLe Lhe uncerLalnLy or conLroversy whlch gave rlse Lo Lhe acLlonţ or ln any case where Lhe
declaraLlon or consLrucLlon ls noL necessary and proper under Lhe clrcumsLancesŦ (3aţ 864)
Sect|on 6Ŧ coovetsloo loto otJlooty octlooŦ Ÿ lf before Lhe flnal LermlnaLlon of Lhe caseţ a breach or vlolaLlon of an lnsLrumenL or a
sLaLuLeţ execuLlve order or regulaLlonţ ordlnanceţ or any oLher governmenLal regulaLlon should Lake placeţ Lhe acLlon may Lhereupon
be converLed lnLo an ordlnary acLlonţ and Lhe parLles shall be allowed Lo flle such pleadlngs as may be necessary or properŦ (6aţ 864)

kULL 64
kev|ew of Iudgments and I|na| Crders or keso|ut|ons of the Comm|ss|on on L|ect|ons and the Comm|ss|on on Aud|t
Sect|on 1Ŧ 5copeŦ Ÿ 1hls 8ule shall govern Lhe revlew of [udgmenLs and flnal orders or resoluLlons of Lhe Commlsslon on LlecLlons
and Lhe Commlsslon on AudlLŦ (n)
Sect|on 2Ŧ MoJe of tevlewŦ Ÿ A [udgmenL or flnal order or resoluLlon of Lhe Commlsslon on LlecLlons and Lhe Commlsslon on AudlL
may be broughL by Lhe aggrleved parLy Lo Lhe Supreme CourL on cettlototl under 8ule 63ţ excepL as herelnafLer provldedŦ (nŤ 8ar
MaLLer noŦ 803ţ 17 lebruary 1998)
Sect|on 3Ŧ 1lme to flle petltlooŦ Ÿ 1he peLlLlon shall be flled wlLhln LhlrLy (30) days from noLlce of Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order or
resoluLlon soughL Lo be revlewedŦ 1he flllng of a moLlon for new Lrlal or reconslderaLlon of sald [udgmenL or flnal order or resoluLlonţ
lf allowed under Lhe procedural rules of Lhe Commlsslon concernedţ shall lnLerrupL Lhe perlod hereln flxedŦ lf Lhe moLlon ls denledţ
Lhe aggrleved parLy may flle Lhe peLlLlon wlLhln Lhe remalnlng perlodţ buL whlch shall noL be less Lhan flve (3) days ln any evenLţ
reckoned from noLlce of denlalŦ (n)
Sect|on 4Ŧ uocket ooJ otbet lowfol feesŦ Ÿ upon Lhe flllng of Lhe peLlLlonţ Lhe peLlLloner shall pay Lo Lhe clerk of courL Lhe dockeL
and oLher lawful fees and deposlL Lhe amounL of Þ300Ŧ00 for cosLsŦ (n)
Sect|on SŦ lotm ooJ cooteots of petltlooŦ Ÿ 1he peLlLlon shall be verlfled and flled ln elghLeen (18) leglble coplesŦ 1he peLlLlon shall
name Lhe aggrleved parLy as peLlLloner and shall [oln as respondenLs Lhe Commlsslon concerned and Lhe person or persons
lnLeresLed ln susLalnlng Lhe [udgmenLţ flnal order or resoluLlon o pooŦ 1he peLlLlon shall sLaLe Lhe facLs wlLh cerLalnLyţ presenL clearly
Lhe lssues lnvolvedţ seL forLh Lhe grounds and brlef argumenLs relled upon for revlewţ and pray for [udgmenL annulllng or modlfylng
Lhe quesLloned [udgmenLţ flnal order or resoluLlonŦ llndlngs of facL of Lhe Commlsslon supporLed by subsLanLlal evldence shall be
flnal and nonŴrevlewableŦ
1he peLlLlon shall be accompanled by a clearly leglble dupllcaLe orlglnal or cerLlfled Lrue copy of Lhe [udgmenLţ flnal order or
resoluLlon sub[ecL Lhereofţ LogeLher wlLh cerLlfled Lrue coples of such maLerlal porLlons of Lhe record as are referred Lo Lhereln and
oLher documenLs relevanL and perLlnenL LhereLoŦ 1he requlslLe number of coples of Lhe peLlLlon shall conLaln plaln coples of all
documenLs aLLached Lo Lhe orlglnal copy of sald peLlLlonŦ
1he peLlLlon shall sLaLe Lhe speclflc maLerlal daLes showlng LhaL lL was flled wlLhln Lhe perlod flxed herelnţ and shall conLaln a sworn
cerLlflcaLlon agalnsL forum shopplng as provlded ln Lhe Lhlrd paragraph of secLlon 3ţ 8ule 46Ŧ
1he peLlLlon shall furLher be accompanled by proof of servlce of a copy Lhereof on Lhe Commlsslon concerned and on Lhe adverse
parLyţ and of Lhe Llmely paymenL of dockeL and oLher lawful feesŦ
1he fallure of peLlLloner Lo comply wlLh any of Lhe foregolng requlremenLs shall be sufflclenL ground for Lhe dlsmlssal of Lhe peLlLlonŦ
(n)
Sect|on 6Ŧ OtJet to commeotŦ Ÿ lf Lhe Supreme CourL flnds Lhe peLlLlon sufflclenL ln form and subsLanceţ lL shall order Lhe
respondenLs Lo flle Lhelr commenLs on Lhe peLlLlon wlLhln Len (10) days from noLlce LhereofŤ oLherwlseţ Lhe CourL may dlsmlss Lhe
peLlLlon ouLrlghLŦ 1he CourL may also dlsmlss Lhe peLlLlon lf lL was flled manlfesLly for delay or Lhe quesLlons ralsed are Loo
unsubsLanLlal Lo warranL furLher proceedlngsŦ (n)
Sect|on 7Ŧ commeots of tespooJeotsŦ Ÿ 1he commenLs of Lhe respondenLs shall be flled ln elghLeen (18) leglble coplesŦ 1he orlglnal
shall be accompanled by cerLlfled Lrue coples of such maLerlal porLlons of Lhe record as are referred Lo Lhereln LogeLher wlLh oLher
supporLlng papersŦ 1he requlslLe number of coples of Lhe commenLs shall conLaln plaln coples of all documenLs aLLached Lo Lhe
orlglnal and a copy Lhereof shall be served on Lhe peLlLlonerŦ
no oLher pleadlng may be flled by any parLy unless requlred or allowed by Lhe CourLŦ (n)
Sect|on 8Ŧ íffect of fllloqŦ Ÿ 1he flllng of a peLlLlon for cettlototl shall noL sLay Lhe execuLlon of Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order or
resoluLlon soughL Lo be revlewedţ unless Lhe Supreme CourL shall dlrecL oLherwlse upon such Lerms as lL may deem [usLŦ (n)
Sect|on 9Ŧ 5obmlssloo fot JeclslooŦ Ÿ unless Lhe CourL seLs Lhe case for oral argumenLţ or requlres Lhe parLles Lo submlL
memorandaţ Lhe case shall be deemed submlLLed for declslon upon Lhe flllng of Lhe commenLs on Lhe peLlLlonţ or of such oLher
pleadlngs or papers as may be requlred or allowedţ or Lhe explraLlon of Lhe perlod Lo do soŦ (n)

kULL 6S
certiororiţ Þroh|b|t|on and Mandamus
Sect|on 1Ŧ letltloo fot cettlototlŦ Ÿ When any Lrlbunalţ board or offlcer exerclslng [udlclal or quaslŴ[udlclal funcLlons has acLed
wlLhouL or ln excess lLs or hls [urlsdlcLlonţ or wlLh grave abuse of dlscreLlon amounLlng Lo lack or excess of [urlsdlcLlonţ and Lhere ls
no appealţ or any plalnţ speedyţ and adequaLe remedy ln Lhe ordlnary course of lawţ a person aggrleved Lhereby may flle a verlfled
peLlLlon ln Lhe proper courLţ alleglng Lhe facLs wlLh cerLalnLy and praylng LhaL [udgmenL be rendered annulllng or modlfylng Lhe
proceedlngs of such Lrlbunalţ board or offlcerţ and granLlng such lncldenLal rellefs as law and [usLlce may requlreŦ
1he peLlLlon shall be accompanled by a cerLlfled Lrue copy of Lhe [udgmenLţ order or resoluLlon sub[ecL Lhereofţ coples of all
pleadlngs and documenLs relevanL and perLlnenL LhereLoţ and a sworn cerLlflcaLlon of nonŴforum shopplng as provlded ln Lhe Lhlrd
paragraph of secLlon 3ţ 8ule 46Ŧ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ letltloo fot ptoblbltlooŦ Ÿ When Lhe proceedlngs of any Lrlbunalţ corporaLlonţ boardţ offlcer or personţ wheLher
exerclslng [udlclalţ quaslŴ[udlclal or mlnlsLerlal funcLlonsţ are wlLhouL or ln excess of lLs or hls [urlsdlcLlonţ or wlLh grave abuse of
dlscreLlon amounLlng Lo lack or excess of [urlsdlcLlonţ and Lhere ls no appeal or any oLher plalnţ speedyţ and adequaLe remedy ln Lhe
ordlnary course of lawţ a person aggrleved Lhereby may flle a verlfled peLlLlon ln Lhe proper courLţ alleglng Lhe facLs wlLh cerLalnLy
and praylng LhaL [udgmenL be rendered commandlng Lhe respondenL Lo deslsL from furLher proceedlngs ln Lhe acLlon or maLLer
speclfled Lherelnţ or oLherwlse granLlng such lncldenLal rellefs as law and [usLlce may requlreŦ
1he peLlLlon shall llkewlse be accompanled by a cerLlfled Lrue copy of Lhe [udgmenLţ order or resoluLlon sub[ecL Lhereofţ coples of all
pleadlngs and documenLs relevanL and perLlnenL LhereLoţ and a sworn cerLlflcaLlon of nonŴforum shopplng as provlded ln Lhe Lhlrd
paragraph of secLlon 3ţ 8ule 46Ŧ (2a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ letltloo fot mooJomosŦ Ÿ When any Lrlbunalţ corporaLlonţ boardţ offlcer or person unlawfully neglecLs Lhe performance
of an acL whlch Lhe law speclflcally en[olns as a duLy resulLlng from an offlceţ LrusLţ or sLaLlonţ or unlawfully excludes anoLher from
Lhe use and en[oymenL of a rlghL or offlce Lo whlch such oLher ls enLlLledţ and Lhere ls no oLher plalnţ speedy and adequaLe remedy
ln Lhe ordlnary course of lawţ Lhe person aggrleved Lhereby may flle a verlfled peLlLlon ln Lhe proper courLţ alleglng Lhe facLs wlLh
cerLalnLy and praylng LhaL [udgmenL be rendered commandlng Lhe respondenLţ lmmedlaLely or aL some oLher Llme Lo be speclfled
by Lhe courLţ Lo do Lhe acL requlred Lo be done Lo proLecL Lhe rlghLs of Lhe peLlLlonerţ and Lo pay Lhe damages susLalned by Lhe
peLlLloner by reason of Lhe wrongful acLs of Lhe respondenLŦ
1he peLlLlon shall also conLaln a sworn cerLlflcaLlon of nonŴforum shopplng as provlded ln Lhe Lhlrd paragraph of secLlon 3ţ 8ule 46Ŧ
(3a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ wbeo ooJ wbete petltloo flleJŦ Ÿ 1he peLlLlon shall be flled noL laLer Lhan slxLy (60) days from noLlce of Lhe [udgmenLţ
order or resoluLlonŦ ln case a moLlon for reconslderaLlon or new Lrlal ls Llmely flledţ wheLher such moLlon ls requlred or noLţ Lhe slxLy
(60) day perlod shall be counLed from noLlce of Lhe denlal of sald moLlonŦ
1he peLlLlon shall be flled ln Lhe Supreme CourL orţ lf lL relaLes Lo Lhe acLs or omlsslons of a lower courL or of a corporaLlonţ boardţ
offlcer or personţ ln Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourL exerclslng [urlsdlcLlon over Lhe LerrlLorlal area as deflned by Lhe Supreme CourLŦ lL may
also be flled ln Lhe CourL of Appeals wheLher or noL Lhe same ls ln ald of lLs appellaLe [urlsdlcLlonţ or ln Lhe Sandlganbayan lf lL ls ln
ald of lLs appellaLe [urlsdlcLlonŦ lf lL lnvolves Lhe acLs or omlsslons of a quaslŴ[udlclal agencyţ unless oLherwlse provlded by law or
Lhese 8ulesţ Lhe peLlLlon shall be flled ln and cognlzable only by Lhe CourL of AppealsŦ
no exLenslon of Llme Lo flle Lhe peLlLlon shall be granLed excepL for compelllng reason and ln no case exceedlng flfLeen (13) daysŦ
(4a) (8ar MaLLer noŦ 803ţ 21 !uly 1998Ť AŦMŦ noŦ 00Ŵ2Ŵ03ŴSC)
Sect|on SŦ kespooJeots ooJ costs lo cettolo cosesŦ Ÿ When Lhe peLlLlon flled relaLes Lo Lhe acLs or omlsslons of a [udgeţ courLţ quaslŴ
[udlclal agencyţ Lrlbunalţ corporaLlonţ boardţ offlcer or personţ Lhe peLlLloner shall [olnţ as prlvaLe respondenL or respondenLs wlLh
such publlc respondenL or respondenLsţ Lhe person or persons lnLeresLed ln susLalnlng Lhe proceedlngs ln Lhe courLŤ and lL shall be
Lhe duLy of such prlvaLe respondenLs Lo appear and defendţ boLh ln hls or Lhelr own behalf and ln behalf of Lhe publlc respondenL or
respondenLs affecLed by Lhe proceedlngsţ and Lhe cosLs awarded ln such proceedlngs ln favor of Lhe peLlLloner shall be agalnsL Lhe
prlvaLe respondenLs onlyţ and noL agalnsL Lhe [udgeţ courLţ quaslŴ[udlclal agencyţ Lrlbunalţ corporaLlonţ boardţ offlcer or person
lmpleaded as publlc respondenL or respondenLsŦ
unless oLherwlse speclflcally dlrecLed by Lhe courL where Lhe peLlLlon ls pendlngţ Lhe publlc respondenLs shall noL appear ln or flle an
answer or commenL Lo Lhe peLlLlon or any pleadlng LherelnŦ lf Lhe case ls elevaLed Lo a hlgher courL by elLher parLyţ Lhe publlc
respondenLs shall be lncluded Lhereln as nomlnal parLlesŦ Poweverţ unless oLherwlse speclflcally dlrecLed by Lhe courLţ Lhey shall noL
appear or parLlclpaLe ln Lhe proceedlngs LherelnŦ (3a)
Sect|on 6Ŧ OtJet to commeotŦ Ÿ lf Lhe peLlLlon ls sufflclenL ln form and subsLance Lo [usLlfy such processţ Lhe courL shall lssue an
order requlrlng Lhe respondenL or respondenLs Lo commenL on Lhe peLlLlon wlLhln Len (10) days from recelpL of a copy LhereofŦ Such
order shall be served on Lhe respondenLs ln such manner as Lhe courL may dlrecL LogeLher wlLh a copy of Lhe peLlLlon and any
annexes LhereLoŦ
ln peLlLlons for cettlototl before Lhe Supreme CourL and Lhe CourL of Appealsţ Lhe provlslons of secLlon 2ţ 8ule 36ţ shall be observedŦ
8efore glvlng due course LhereLoţ Lhe courL may requlre Lhe respondenLs Lo flle Lhelr commenL Loţ and noL a moLlon Lo dlsmlssţ Lhe
peLlLlonŦ 1hereafLerţ Lhe courL may requlre Lhe flllng of a reply and such oLher responslve or oLher pleadlngs as lL may deem
necessary and properŦ (6a)
Sect|on 7Ŧ íxpeJltloq ptoceeJloqsŤ lojooctlve tellefŦ Ÿ 1he courL ln whlch Lhe peLlLlon ls flled may lssue orders expedlLlng Lhe
proceedlngsţ and lL may also granL a Lemporary resLralnlng order or a wrlL of prellmlnary ln[uncLlon for Lhe preservaLlon of Lhe rlghLs
of Lhe parLles pendlng such proceedlngsŦ 1he peLlLlon shall noL lnLerrupL Lhe course of Lhe prlnclpal case unless a Lemporary
resLralnlng order or a wrlL of prellmlnary ln[uncLlon has been lssued agalnsL Lhe publlc respondenL from furLher proceedlng ln Lhe
caseŦ (7a)
Sect|on 8Ŧ ltoceeJloqs oftet commeot ls flleJŦ Ÿ AfLer Lhe commenL or oLher pleadlngs requlred by Lhe courL are flledţ or Lhe Llme
for Lhe flllng Lhereof has explredţ Lhe courL may hear Lhe case or requlre Lhe parLles Lo submlL memorandaŦ lf afLer such hearlng or
submlsslon of memoranda or Lhe explraLlon of Lhe perlod for Lhe flllng Lhereof Lhe courL flnds LhaL Lhe allegaLlons of Lhe peLlLlon are
Lrueţ lL shall render [udgmenL for Lhe rellef prayed for or Lo whlch Lhe peLlLloner ls enLlLledŦ
1he courLţ howeverţ may dlsmlss Lhe peLlLlon lf lL flnds Lhe same Lo be paLenLly wlLhouL merlLţ prosecuLed manlfesLly for delayţ or
LhaL Lhe quesLlons ralsed Lhereln are Loo unsubsLanLlal Lo requlre conslderaLlonŦ (8a)
Sect|on 9Ŧ 5etvlce ooJ eofotcemeot of otJet ot joJqmeotŦ Ÿ A cerLlfled copy of Lhe [udgmenL rendered ln accordance wlLh Lhe lasL
precedlng secLlon shall be served upon Lhe courLţ quaslŴ[udlclal agencyţ Lrlbunalţ corporaLlonţ boardţ offlcer or person concerned ln
such manner as Lhe courL may dlrecLţ and dlsobedlence LhereLo shall be punlshed as conLempLŦ An execuLlon may lssue for any
damages or cosLs awarded ln accordance wlLh secLlon 1 of 8ule 39Ŧ (9a)

kULL 66
;o worronto
Sect|on 1Ŧ Actloo by Covetomeot oqolost loJlvlJoolsŦ Ÿ An acLlon for Lhe usurpaLlon of a publlc offlceţ poslLlon or franchlse may be
commenced by a verlfled peLlLlon broughL ln Lhe name of Lhe 8epubllc of Lhe Þhlllpplnes agalnsLť
(a) A person who usurpsţ lnLrudes lnLoţ or unlawfully holds or exerclses a publlc offlceţ poslLlon or franchlseŤ
(b) A publlc offlcer who does or suffers an acL whlchţ by Lhe provlslon of lawţ consLlLuLes a ground for Lhe forfelLure of hls
offlceŤ or
(c) An assoclaLlon whlch acLs as a corporaLlon wlLhln Lhe Þhlllpplnes wlLhouL belng legally lncorporaLed or wlLhouL lawful
auLhorlLy so Lo acLŦ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ wbeo 5ollcltot Ceoetol ot pobllc ptosecotot most commeoce octlooŦ Ÿ 1he SollclLor Ceneral or a publlc prosecuLorţ when
dlrecLed by Lhe ÞresldenL of Lhe Þhlllpplnesţ or when upon complalnL or oLherwlse he has good reason Lo belleve LhaL any case
speclfled ln Lhe precedlng secLlon can be esLabllshed by proofţ musL commence such acLlonŦ (3a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ wbeo 5ollcltot Ceoetol ot pobllc ptosecotot moy commeoce octloo wltb petmlssloo of coottŦ Ÿ 1he SollclLor Ceneral or a
publlc prosecuLor mayţ wlLh Lhe permlsslon of Lhe courL ln whlch Lhe acLlon ls Lo be commencedţ brlng such an acLlon aL Lhe requesL
and upon Lhe relaLlon of anoLher personŤ buL ln such case Lhe offlcer brlnglng lL may flrsL requlre an lndemnlLy for Lhe expenses and
cosLs of Lhe acLlon ln an amounL approved by and Lo be deposlLed ln Lhe courL by Lhe person aL whose requesL and upon whose
relaLlon Lhe same ls broughLŦ (4a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ wbeo beotloq boJ oo oppllcotloo fot petmlssloo to commeoce octlooŦ Ÿ upon appllcaLlon for permlsslon Lo commence
such acLlon ln accordance wlLh Lhe nexL precedlng secLlonţ Lhe courL shall dlrecL LhaL noLlce be glven Lo Lhe respondenL so LhaL he
may be heard ln opposlLlon LhereLoŤ and lf permlsslon ls granLedţ Lhe courL shall lssue an order Lo LhaL effecLţ coples of whlch shall
be served on all lnLeresLed parLlesţ and Lhe peLlLlon shall Lhen be flled wlLhln Lhe perlod ordered by Lhe courLŦ (3a)
Sect|on SŦ wbeo oo loJlvlJool moy commeoce socb oo octlooŦ Ÿ A person clalmlng Lo be enLlLled Lo a publlc offlce or poslLlon
usurped or unlawfully held or exerclsed by anoLher may brlng an acLlon Lherefor ln hls own nameŦ (6)
Sect|on 6Ŧ lottles ooJ cooteots of petltloo oqolost osotpotlooŦ Ÿ When Lhe acLlon ls agalnsL a person for usurplng a publlc offlceţ
poslLlon or franchlseţ Lhe peLlLlon shall seL forLh Lhe name of Lhe person who clalm Lo be enLlLled LhereLoţ lf anyţ wlLh an avermenL
of hls rlghL Lo Lhe same and LhaL Lhe respondenL ls unlawfully ln possesslon LhereofŦ All persons who clalm Lo be enLlLled Lo Lhe
publlc offlceţ poslLlon or franchlse may be made parLlesţ and Lhelr respecLlve rlghLs Lo such publlc offlceţ poslLlon or franchlse
deLermlnedţ ln Lhe same acLlonŦ (7a)
Sect|on 7Ŧ veooeŦ Ÿ An acLlon under Lhe precedlng slx secLlons can be broughL only ln Lhe Supreme CourLţ Lhe CourL of Appealsţ or
ln Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourL exerclslng [urlsdlcLlon over Lhe LerrlLorlal area where Lhe respondenL or any of Lhe respondenLs resldesţ
buL when Lhe SollclLor Ceneral commences Lhe acLlonţ lL may be broughL ln a 8eglonal 1rlal CourL ln Lhe ClLy of Manllaţ ln Lhe CourL
of Appealsţ or ln Lhe Supreme CourLŦ (8a)
Sect|on 8Ŧ letloJ fot pleoJloqs ooJ ptoceeJloqs moy be teJoceJŤ octloo qlveo pteceJeoceŦ Ÿ 1he courL may reduce Lhe perlod
provlded by Lhese 8ules for flllng pleadlngs and for all oLher proceedlngs ln Lhe acLlon ln order Lo secure Lhe mosL expedlLlous
deLermlnaLlon of Lhe maLLers lnvolved Lhereln conslsLenL wlLh Lhe rlghLs of Lhe parLlesŦ Such acLlon may be glven precedence over
any oLher clvll maLLer pendlng ln Lhe courLŦ (9a)
Sect|on 9Ŧ IoJqmeot wbete osotpotloo foooJŦ Ÿ When Lhe respondenL ls found gullLy of usurplng lnLoţ lnLrudlng lnLoţ or unlawfully
holdlng or exerclslng a publlc offlceţ poslLlon or franchlseţ [udgmenL shall be rendered LhaL such respondenL be ousLed and
alLogeLher excluded Lherefromţ and LhaL Lhe peLlLloner or relaLorţ as Lhe case may beţ recover hls cosLsŦ Such furLher [udgmenL may
be rendered deLermlnlng Lhe respecLlve rlghLs ln and Lo Lhe publlc offlceţ poslLlon or franchlse of all Lhe parLles Lo Lhe acLlon as
[usLlce requlresŦ (10a)
Sect|on 10Ŧ klqbts of petsoos oJjoJqeJ eotltleJ to pobllc offlceŤ Jellvety of books ooJ popetsŤ JomoqesŦ Ÿ lf [udgmenL be rendered
ln favor of Lhe person averred ln Lhe complalnL Lo be enLlLled Lo Lhe publlc offlce he mayţ afLer Laklng Lhe oaLh of offlce and
execuLlng any offlclal bond requlred by lawţ Lake upon hlmself Lhe execuLlon of Lhe offlceţ and may lmmedlaLely LhereafLer demand
of Lhe respondenL all Lhe books and papers ln Lhe respondenLƌs cusLody or conLrol apperLalnlng Lo Lhe offlce Lo whlch Lhe [udgmenL
relaLesŦ lf Lhe respondenL refuses or neglecLs Lo dellver any book or paper pursuanL Lo such demandţ he may be punlshed for
conLempL as havlng dlsobeyed a lawful order of Lhe courLŦ 1he person ad[udged enLlLled Lo Lhe offlce may also brlng acLlon agalnsL
Lhe respondenL Lo recover Lhe damages susLalned by such person by reason of Lhe usurpaLlonŦ (13a)
Sect|on 11Ŧ llmltotloosŦ Ÿ noLhlng conLalned ln Lhls 8ule shall be consLrued Lo auLhorlze an acLlon agalnsL a publlc offlcer or
employee for hls ousLer from offlce unless Lhe same be commenced wlLhln one (1) year afLer Lhe cause of such ousLerţ or Lhe rlghL of
Lhe peLlLloner Lo hold such offlce or poslLlonţ aroseţ nor Lo auLhorlze an acLlon for damages ln accordance wlLh Lhe provlslons of Lhe
nexL precedlng secLlon unless Lhe same be commenced wlLhln one (1) year afLer Lhe enLry of Lhe [udgmenL esLabllshlng Lhe
peLlLlonerƌs rlghL Lo Lhe offlce ln quesLlonŦ (16a)
Sect|on 12Ŧ IoJqmeot fot costsŦ Ÿ ln an acLlon broughL ln accordance wlLh Lhe provlslons of Lhls 8uleţ Lhe courL may render
[udgmenL for cosLs agalnsL elLher Lhe peLlLlonerţ Lhe relaLorţ or Lhe respondenLţ or Lhe person or persons clalmlng Lo be a
corporaLlonţ or may apporLlon Lhe cosLsţ as [usLlce requlresŦ (17a)

kULL 67
Lxpropr|at|on
Sect|on 1Ŧ 1be complolotŦ Ÿ 1he rlghL of emlnenL domaln shall be exerclsed by Lhe flllng of a verlfled complalnL whlch shall sLaLe
wlLh cerLalnLy Lhe rlghL and purpose of exproprlaLlonţ descrlbe Lhe real or personal properLy soughL Lo be exproprlaLedţ and [oln as
defendanLs all persons ownlng or clalmlng Lo ownţ or occupylngţ any parL Lhereof or lnLeresL Lherelnţ showlngţ so far as pracLlcableţ
Lhe separaLe lnLeresL of each defendanLŦ lf Lhe LlLle Lo any properLy soughL Lo be exproprlaLed appears Lo be ln Lhe 8epubllc of Lhe
Þhlllpplnesţ alLhough occupled by prlvaLe lndlvldualsţ or lf Lhe LlLle ls oLherwlse obscure or doubLful so LhaL Lhe plalnLlff cannoL wlLh
accuracy or cerLalnLy speclfy who are Lhe real ownersţ avermenL Lo LhaL effecL shall be made ln Lhe complalnLŦ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ íotty of plolotlff opoo Jeposltloq voloe wltb ootbotlzeJ qovetomeot JeposltotyŦ Ÿ upon Lhe flllng of Lhe complalnL or aL
any Llme LhereafLer and afLer due noLlce Lo Lhe defendanLţ Lhe plalnLlff shall have Lhe rlghL Lo Lake or enLer upon Lhe possesslon of
Lhe real properLy lnvolved lf he deposlLs wlLh Lhe auLhorlzed governmenL deposlLary an amounL equlvalenL Lo Lhe assessed value of
Lhe properLy for purposes of LaxaLlon Lo be held by such bank sub[ecL Lo Lhe orders of Lhe courLŦ Such deposlL shall be ln moneyţ
unless ln lleu Lhereof Lhe courL auLhorlzes Lhe deposlL of a cerLlflcaLe of deposlL of a governmenL bank of Lhe 8epubllc of Lhe
Þhlllpplnes payable on demand Lo Lhe auLhorlzed governmenL deposlLaryŦ
lf personal properLy ls lnvolvedţ lLs value shall be provlslonally ascerLalned and Lhe amounL Lo be deposlLed shall be prompLly flxed
by Lhe courLŦ
AfLer such deposlL ls made Lhe courL shall order Lhe sherlff or oLher proper offlcer Lo forLhwlLh place Lhe plalnLlff ln possesslon of Lhe
properLy lnvolved and prompLly submlL a reporL Lhereof Lo Lhe courL wlLh servlce of coples Lo Lhe parLlesŦ (2a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ uefeoses ooJ objectloosŦ Ÿ lf a defendanL has no ob[ecLlon or defense Lo Lhe acLlon or Lhe Laklng of hls properLyţ he may
flle and serve a noLlce of appearance and a manlfesLaLlon Lo LhaL effecLţ speclflcally deslgnaLlng or ldenLlfylng Lhe properLy ln whlch
he clalms Lo be lnLeresLedţ wlLhln Lhe Llme sLaLed ln Lhe summonsŦ 1hereafLerţ he shall be enLlLled Lo noLlce of all proceedlngs
affecLlng Lhe sameŦ
lf a defendanL has any ob[ecLlon Lo Lhe flllng of or Lhe allegaLlons ln Lhe complalnLţ or any ob[ecLlon or defense Lo Lhe Laklng of hls
properLyţ he shall serve hls answer wlLhln Lhe Llme sLaLed ln Lhe summonsŦ 1he answer shall speclflcally deslgnaLe or ldenLlfy Lhe
properLy ln whlch he clalms Lo have an lnLeresLţ sLaLe Lhe naLure and exLenL of Lhe lnLeresL clalmedţ and adduce all hls ob[ecLlons
and defenses Lo Lhe Laklng of hls properLyŦ no counLerclalmţ crossŴclalm or LhlrdŴparLy complalnL shall be alleged or allowed ln Lhe
answer or any subsequenL pleadlngŦ
A defendanL walves all defenses and ob[ecLlons noL so alleged buL Lhe courLţ ln Lhe lnLeresL of [usLlceţ may permlL amendmenLs Lo
Lhe answer Lo be made noL laLer Lhan Len (10) days from Lhe flllng LhereofŦ Poweverţ aL Lhe Lrlal of Lhe lssue of [usL compensaLlon
wheLher or noL a defendanL has prevlously appeared or answeredţ he may presenL evldence as Lo Lhe amounL of Lhe compensaLlon
Lo be pald for hls properLyţ and he may share ln Lhe dlsLrlbuLlon of Lhe awardŦ (n)
Sect|on 4Ŧ OtJet of exptoptlotlooŦ Ÿ lf Lhe ob[ecLlons Lo and Lhe defenses agalnsL Lhe rlghL of Lhe plalnLlff Lo exproprlaLe Lhe
properLy are overruledţ or when no parLy appears Lo defend as requlred by Lhls 8uleţ Lhe courL may lssue an order of exproprlaLlon
declarlng LhaL Lhe plalnLlff has a lawful rlghL Lo Lake Lhe properLy soughL Lo be exproprlaLedţ for Lhe publlc use or purpose descrlbed
ln Lhe complalnLţ upon Lhe paymenL of [usL compensaLlon Lo be deLermlned as of Lhe daLe of Lhe Laklng of Lhe properLy or Lhe flllng
of Lhe complalnLţ whlchever came flrsLŦ
A flnal order susLalnlng Lhe rlghL Lo exproprlaLe Lhe properLy may be appealed by any parLy aggrleved LherebyŦ Such appealţ
howeverţ shall noL prevenL Lhe courL from deLermlnlng Lhe [usL compensaLlon Lo be paldŦ
AfLer Lhe rendlLlon of such an orderţ Lhe plalnLlff shall noL be permlLLed Lo dlsmlss or dlsconLlnue Lhe proceedlng excepL on such
Lerms as Lhe courL deems [usL and equlLableŦ (4a)
Sect|on SŦ Ascettolomeot of compeosotlooŦ Ÿ upon Lhe rendlLlon of Lhe order of exproprlaLlonţ Lhe courL shall appolnL noL more
Lhan Lhree (3) compeLenL and dlslnLeresLed persons as commlssloners Lo ascerLaln and reporL Lo Lhe courL Lhe [usL compensaLlon for
Lhe properLy soughL Lo be LakenŦ 1he order of appolnLmenL shall deslgnaLe Lhe Llme and place of Lhe flrsL sesslon of Lhe hearlng Lo
be held by Lhe commlssloners and speclfy Lhe Llme wlLhln whlch Lhelr reporL shall be submlLLed Lo Lhe courLŦ
Coples of Lhe order shall be served on Lhe parLlesŦ Cb[ecLlons Lo Lhe appolnLmenL of any of Lhe commlssloners shall be flled wlLh Lhe
courL wlLhln Len (10) days from servlceţ and shall be resolved wlLhln LhlrLy (30) days afLer all Lhe commlssloners shall have recelved
coples of Lhe ob[ecLlonsŦ (3a)
Sect|on 6Ŧ ltoceeJloqs by commlsslooetsŦ Ÿ 8efore enLerlng upon Lhe performance of Lhelr duLlesţ Lhe commlssloners shall Lake and
subscrlbe an oaLh LhaL Lhey wlll falLhfully perform Lhelr duLles as commlsslonersţ whlch oaLh shall be flled ln courL wlLh Lhe oLher
proceedlngs ln Lhe caseŦ Lvldence may be lnLroduced by elLher parLy before Lhe commlssloners who are auLhorlzed Lo admlnlsLer
oaLhs on hearlngs before Lhemţ and Lhe commlssloners shallţ unless Lhe parLles consenL Lo Lhe conLraryţ afLer due noLlce Lo Lhe
parLlesţ Lo aLLendţ vlew and examlne Lhe properLy soughL Lo be exproprlaLed and lLs surroundlngsţ and may measure Lhe sameţ afLer
whlch elLher parLy mayţ by hlmself or counselţ argue Lhe caseŦ 1he commlssloners shall assess Lhe consequenLlal damages Lo Lhe
properLy noL Laken and deducL from such consequenLlal damages Lhe consequenLlal beneflLs Lo be derlved by Lhe owner from Lhe
publlc use or purpose of Lhe properLy Lakenţ Lhe operaLlon of lLs franchlse by Lhe corporaLlon or Lhe carrylng on of Lhe buslness of
Lhe corporaLlon or person Laklng Lhe properLyŦ 8uL ln no case shall Lhe consequenLlal beneflLs assessed exceed Lhe consequenLlal
damages assessedţ or Lhe owner be deprlved of Lhe acLual value of hls properLy so LakenŦ (6a)
Sect|on 7Ŧ kepott by commlsslooets ooJ joJqmeot tbeteopooŦ Ÿ 1he courL may order Lhe commlssloners Lo reporL when any
parLlcular porLlon of Lhe real esLaLe shall have been passed upon by Lhemţ and may render [udgmenL upon such parLlal reporLţ and
dlrecL Lhe commlssloners Lo proceed wlLh Lhelr work as Lo subsequenL porLlons of Lhe properLy soughL Lo be exproprlaLedţ and may
from Llme Lo Llme so deal wlLh such properLyŦ 1he commlssloners shall make a full and accuraLe reporL Lo Lhe courL of all Lhelr
proceedlngsţ and such proceedlngs shall noL be effecLual unLll Lhe courL shall have accepLed Lhelr reporL and rendered [udgmenL ln
accordance wlLh Lhelr recommendaLlonsŦ LxcepL as oLherwlse expressly ordered by Lhe courLţ such reporL shall be flled wlLhln slxLy
(60) days from Lhe daLe Lhe commlssloners were noLlfled of Lhelr appolnLmenLţ whlch Llme may be exLended ln Lhe dlscreLlon of Lhe
courLŦ upon Lhe flllng of such reporLţ Lhe clerk of Lhe courL shall serve coples Lhereof on all lnLeresLed parLlesţ wlLh noLlce LhaL Lhey
are allowed Len (10) days wlLhln whlch Lo flle ob[ecLlons Lo Lhe flndlngs of Lhe reporLţ lf Lhey so deslreŦ (7a)
Sect|on 8Ŧ Actloo opoo commlsslooetsƌ tepottŦ Ÿ upon Lhe explraLlon of Lhe perlod of Len (10) days referred Lo ln Lhe precedlng
secLlonţ or even before Lhe explraLlon of such perlod buL afLer all Lhe lnLeresLed parLles have flled Lhelr ob[ecLlons Lo Lhe reporL or
Lhelr sLaLemenL of agreemenL LherewlLhţ Lhe courL mayţ afLer hearlngţ accepL Lhe reporL and render [udgmenL ln accordance
LherewlLhţ orţ for cause shownţ lL may recommlL Lhe same Lo Lhe commlssloners for furLher reporL of facLsţ or lL may seL aslde Lhe
reporL and appolnL new commlsslonersŤ or lL may accepL Lhe reporL ln parL and re[ecL lL ln parL and lL may make such order or render
such [udgmenL as shall secure Lo Lhe plalnLlff Lhe properLy essenLlal Lo Lhe exerclse of hls rlghL of exproprlaLlonţ and Lo Lhe
defendanL [usL compensaLlon for Lhe properLy so LakenŦ (8a)
Sect|on 9Ŧ uocettolo owoetsblpŤ coofllctloq clolmsŦ Ÿ lf Lhe ownershlp of Lhe properLy Laken ls uncerLalnţ or Lhere are confllcLlng
clalms Lo any parL Lhereofţ Lhe courL may order any sum or sums awarded as compensaLlon for Lhe properLy Lo be pald Lo Lhe courL
for Lhe beneflL of Lhe person ad[udged ln Lhe same proceedlng Lo be enLlLled LhereLoŦ 8uL Lhe [udgmenL shall requlre Lhe paymenL of
Lhe sum or sums awarded Lo elLher Lhe defendanL or Lhe courL before Lhe plalnLlff can enLer upon Lhe properLyţ or reLaln lL for Lhe
publlc use or purpose lf enLry has already been madeŦ (9a)
Sect|on 10Ŧ klqbts of plolotlff oftet joJqmeot ooJ poymeotŦ Ÿ upon paymenL by Lhe plalnLlff Lo Lhe defendanL of Lhe compensaLlon
flxed by Lhe [udgmenLţ wlLh legal lnLeresL Lhereon from Lhe Laklng of Lhe possesslon of Lhe properLyţ or afLer Lender Lo hlm of Lhe
amounL so flxed and paymenL of Lhe cosLsţ Lhe plalnLlff shall have Lhe rlghL Lo enLer upon Lhe properLy exproprlaLed and Lo
approprlaLe lL for Lhe publlc use or purpose deflned ln Lhe [udgmenLţ or Lo reLaln lL should he have Laken lmmedlaLe possesslon
Lhereof under Lhe provlslons of secLlon 2 hereofŦ lf Lhe defendanL and hls counsel absenL Lhemselves from Lhe courLţ or decllne Lo
recelve Lhe amounL Lenderedţ Lhe same shall be ordered Lo be deposlLed ln courL and such deposlL shall have Lhe same effecL as
acLual paymenL Lhereof Lo Lhe defendanL or Lhe person ulLlmaLely ad[udged enLlLled LhereLoŦ (10a)
Sect|on 11Ŧ íotty oot JeloyeJ by oppeolŤ effect of tevetsolŦ Ÿ 1he rlghL of Lhe plalnLlff Lo enLer upon Lhe properLy of Lhe defendanL
and approprlaLe Lhe same for publlc use or purpose shall noL be delayed by an appeal from Lhe [udgmenLŦ 8uL lf Lhe appellaLe courL
deLermlnes LhaL plalnLlff has no rlghL of exproprlaLlonţ [udgmenL shall be rendered orderlng Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourL Lo forLhwlLh
enforce Lhe resLoraLlon Lo Lhe defendanL of Lhe possesslon of Lhe properLyţ and Lo deLermlne Lhe damages whlch Lhe defendanL
susLalned and may recover by reason of Lhe possesslon Laken by Lhe plalnLlffŦ (11a)
Sect|on 12Ŧ costsţ by wbom polJŦ Ÿ 1he fees of Lhe commlssloners shall be Laxed as a parL of Lhe cosLs of Lhe proceedlngsŦ All cosLsţ
excepL Lhose of rlval clalmanLs llLlgaLlng Lhelr clalmsţ shall be pald by Lhe plalnLlffţ unless an appeal ls Laken by Lhe owner of Lhe
properLy and Lhe [udgmenL ls afflrmedţ ln whlch evenL Lhe cosLs of Lhe appeal shall be pald by Lhe ownerŦ (12a)
Sect|on 13Ŧ kecotJloq joJqmeotţ ooJ lts effectŦ Ÿ 1he [udgmenL enLered ln exproprlaLlon proceedlngs shall sLaLe deflnlLelyţ by an
adequaLe descrlpLlonţ Lhe parLlcular properLy or lnLeresL Lhereln exproprlaLedţ and Lhe naLure of Lhe publlc use or purpose for whlch
lL ls exproprlaLedŦ When real esLaLe ls exproprlaLedţ a cerLlfled copy of such [udgmenL shall be recorded ln Lhe reglsLry of deeds of
Lhe place ln whlch Lhe properLy ls slLuaLedţ and lLs effecL shall be Lo vesL ln Lhe plalnLlff Lhe LlLle Lo Lhe real esLaLe so descrlbed for
such publlc use or purposeŦ (13a)
Sect|on 14Ŧ lowet of qootJloo lo socb ptoceeJloqsŦ Ÿ 1he guardlan or guardlan oJ lltem of a mlnor or of a person [udlclally declared
Lo be lncompeLenL mayţ wlLh Lhe approval of Lhe courL flrsL hadţ do and perform on behalf of hls ward any acLţ maLLerţ or Lhlng
respecLlng Lhe exproprlaLlon for publlc use or purpose of properLy belonglng Lo such mlnor or person [udlclally declared Lo be
lncompeLenLţ whlch such mlnor or person [udlclally declared Lo be lncompeLenL could do ln such proceedlngs lf he were of age or
compeLenLŦ (14a)

kULL 68
Iorec|osure of kea| Lstate Mortgage
Sect|on 1Ŧ complolot lo octloo fot foteclosoteŦ Ÿ ln an acLlon for Lhe foreclosure of a morLgage or oLher encumbrance upon real
esLaLeţ Lhe complalnL shall seL forLh Lhe daLe and due execuLlon of Lhe morLgageŤ lLs asslgnmenLsţ lf anyŤ Lhe names and resldences
of Lhe morLgagor and Lhe morLgageeŤ a descrlpLlon of Lhe morLgaged properLyŤ a sLaLemenL of Lhe daLe of Lhe noLe or oLher
documenLary evldence of Lhe obllgaLlon secured by Lhe morLgageţ Lhe amounL clalmed Lo be unpald LhereonŤ and Lhe names and
resldences of all persons havlng or clalmlng an lnLeresL ln Lhe properLy subordlnaLe ln rlghL Lo LhaL of Lhe holder of Lhe morLgageţ all
of whom shall be made defendanLs ln Lhe acLlonŦ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ IoJqmeot oo foteclosote fot poymeot ot soleŦ Ÿ lf upon Lhe Lrlal ln such acLlon Lhe courL shall flnd Lhe facLs seL forLh ln
Lhe complalnL Lo be Lrueţ lL shall ascerLaln Lhe amounL due Lo Lhe plalnLlff upon Lhe morLgage debL or obllgaLlonţ lncludlng lnLeresL
and oLher charges as approved by Lhe courLţ and cosLsţ and shall render [udgmenL for Lhe sum so found due and order LhaL Lhe same
be pald Lo Lhe courL or Lo Lhe [udgmenL obllgee wlLhln a perlod of noL less Lhan nlneLy (90) days nor more Lhan one hundred LwenLy
(120) days from Lhe enLry of [udgmenLţ and LhaL ln defaulL of such paymenL Lhe properLy shall be sold aL publlc aucLlon Lo saLlsfy Lhe
[udgmenLŦ (2a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ 5ole of mottqoqeJ ptopettyŤ effectŦ Ÿ When Lhe defendanLţ afLer belng dlrecLed Lo do so as provlded ln Lhe nexL
precedlng secLlonţ falls Lo pay Lhe amounL of Lhe [udgmenL wlLhln Lhe perlod speclfled Lherelnţ Lhe courLţ upon moLlonţ shall order
Lhe properLy Lo be sold ln Lhe manner and under Lhe provlslons of 8ule 39 and oLher regulaLlons governlng sales of real esLaLe under
execuLlonŦ Such sale shall noL affecL Lhe rlghLs of persons holdlng prlor encumbrances upon Lhe properLy or a parL Lhereofţ and when
conflrmed by an order of Lhe courLţ also upon moLlonţ lL shall operaLe Lo dlvesL Lhe rlghLs ln Lhe properLy of all Lhe parLles Lo Lhe
acLlon and Lo vesL Lhelr rlghLs ln Lhe purchaserţ sub[ecL Lo such rlghLs of redempLlon as may be allowed by lawŦ
upon Lhe flnallLy of Lhe order of conflrmaLlon or upon Lhe explraLlon of Lhe perlod of redempLlon when allowed by lawţ Lhe
purchaser aL Lhe aucLlon sale or lasL redempLlonerţ lf anyţ shall be enLlLled Lo Lhe possesslon of Lhe properLy unless a Lhlrd parLy ls
acLually holdlng Lhe same adversely Lo Lhe [udgmenL obllgorŦ 1he sald purchaser or lasL redempLloner may secure a wrlL of
possesslonţ upon moLlonţ from Lhe courL whlch ordered Lhe foreclosureŦ (3a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ ulsposltloo of ptoceeJs of soleŦ Ÿ 1he amounL reallzed from Lhe foreclosure sale of Lhe morLgaged properLy shallţ afLer
deducLlng Lhe cosLs of Lhe saleţ be pald Lo Lhe person forecloslng Lhe morLgageţ and when Lhere shall be any balance or resldueţ
afLer paylng off Lhe morLgage debL dueţ Lhe same shall be pald Lo [unlor encumbrancers ln Lhe order of Lhelr prlorlLyţ Lo be
ascerLalned by Lhe courLţ or lf Lhere be no such encumbrancers or Lhere be a balance or resldue afLer paymenL Lo Lhemţ Lhen Lo Lhe
morLgagor or hls duly auLhorlzed agenLţ or Lo Lhe person enLlLled Lo lLŦ (4a)
Sect|on SŦ now sole to ptoceeJ lo cose tbe Jebt ls oot oll JoeŦ Ÿ lf Lhe debL for whlch Lhe morLgage or encumbrance was held ls noL
all due as provlded ln Lhe [udgmenL as soon as a sufflclenL porLlon of Lhe properLy has been sold Lo pay Lhe LoLal amounL and Lhe
cosLs dueţ Lhe sale shall LermlnaLeŤ and afLerwards as ofLen as more becomes due for prlnclpal or lnLeresL and oLher valld chargesţ
Lhe courL mayţ on moLlonţ order more Lo be soldŦ 8uL lf Lhe properLy cannoL be sold ln porLlons wlLhouL pre[udlce Lo Lhe parLlesţ Lhe
whole shall be ordered Lo be sold ln Lhe flrsL lnsLanceţ and Lhe enLlre debL and cosLs shall be paldţ lf Lhe proceeds of Lhe sale be
sufflclenL Lhereforţ Lhere belng a rebaLe of lnLeresL where such rebaLe ls properŦ (3a)
Sect|on 6Ŧ ueflcleocy joJqmeotŦ Ÿ lf upon Lhe sale of any real properLy as provlded ln Lhe nexL precedlng secLlon Lhere be a balance
due Lo Lhe plalnLlff afLer applylng Lhe proceeds of Lhe saleţ Lhe courLţ upon moLlonţ shall render [udgmenL agalnsL Lhe defendanL for
any such balance for whlchţ by Lhe record of Lhe caseţ he may be personally llable Lo Lhe plalnLlffţ upon whlch execuLlon may lssue
lmmedlaLely lf Lhe balance ls all due aL Lhe Llme of Lhe rendlLlon of Lhe [udgmenLŤ oLherwlseŤ Lhe plalnLlff shall be enLlLled Lo
execuLlon aL such Llme as Lhe balance remalnlng becomes due under Lhe Lerms of Lhe orlglnal conLracLţ whlch Llme shall be sLaLed ln
Lhe [udgmenLŦ (6a)
Sect|on 7Ŧ keqlsttotlooŦ Ÿ A cerLlfled copy of Lhe flnal order of Lhe courL conflrmlng Lhe sale shall be reglsLered ln Lhe reglsLry of
deedsŦ lf no rlghL of redempLlon exlsLsţ Lhe cerLlflcaLe of LlLle ln Lhe name of Lhe morLgagor shall be cancelledţ and a new one lssued
ln Lhe name of Lhe purchaserŦ
Where a rlghL of redempLlon exlsLsţ Lhe cerLlflcaLe of LlLle ln Lhe name of Lhe morLgagor shall noL be cancelledţ buL Lhe cerLlflcaLe of
sale and Lhe order conflrmlng Lhe sale shall be reglsLered and a brlef memorandum Lhereof made by Lhe reglsLrar of deeds upon Lhe
cerLlflcaLe of LlLleŦ ln Lhe evenL Lhe properLy ls redeemedţ Lhe deed of redempLlon shall be reglsLered wlLh Lhe reglsLry of deedsţ and
a brlef memorandum Lhereof shall be made by Lhe reglsLrar of deeds on sald cerLlflcaLe of LlLleŦ
lf Lhe properLy ls noL redeemedţ Lhe flnal deed of sale execuLed by Lhe sherlff ln favor of Lhe purchaser aL Lhe foreclosure sale shall
be reglsLered wlLh Lhe reglsLry of deedsŤ whereupon Lhe cerLlflcaLe of LlLle ln Lhe name of Lhe morLgagor shall be cancelled and a
new one lssued ln Lhe name of Lhe purchaserŦ (n)
Sect|on 8Ŧ Appllcoblllty of otbet ptovlsloosŦ Ÿ 1he provlslons of secLlons 31ţ 32 and 34 of 8ule 39 shall be appllcable Lo Lhe [udlclal
foreclosure of real esLaLe morLgages under Lhls 8ule lnsofar as Lhe former are noL lnconslsLenL wlLh or may serve Lo supplemenL Lhe
provlslons of Lhe laLLerŦ (8a)

kULL 69
Þart|t|on
Sect|on 1Ŧ complolot lo octloo fot pottltloo of teol estoteŦ Ÿ A person havlng Lhe rlghL Lo compel Lhe parLlLlon of real esLaLe may do
so as provlded ln Lhls 8uleţ seLLlng forLh ln hls complalnL Lhe naLure and exLenL of hls LlLle and an adequaLe descrlpLlon of Lhe real
esLaLe of whlch parLlLlon ls demanded and [olnlng as defendanLs all oLher persons lnLeresLed ln Lhe properLyŦ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ OtJet fot pottltloo ooJ pottltloo by oqteemeot tbeteooJetŦ Ÿ lf afLer Lhe Lrlal Lhe courL flnds LhaL Lhe plalnLlff has Lhe
rlghL LhereLoţ lL shall order Lhe parLlLlon of Lhe real esLaLe among all Lhe parLles ln lnLeresLŦ 1hereupon Lhe parLles mayţ lf Lhey are
able Lo agreeţ make Lhe parLlLlon among Lhemselves by proper lnsLrumenLs of conveyanceţ and Lhe courL shall conflrm Lhe parLlLlon
so agreed upon by all Lhe parLlesţ and such parLlLlonţ LogeLher wlLh Lhe order of Lhe courL conflrmlng Lhe sameţ shall be recorded ln
Lhe reglsLry of deeds of Lhe place ln whlch Lhe properLy ls slLuaLedŦ (2a)
A flnal order decreelng parLlLlon and accounLlng may be appealed by any parLy aggrleved LherebyŦ (n)
Sect|on 3Ŧ commlsslooets to moke pottltloo wbeo pottles foll to oqteeŦ Ÿ lf Lhe parLles are unable Lo agree upon Lhe parLlLlonţ Lhe
courL shall appolnL noL more Lhan Lhree (3) compeLenL and dlslnLeresLed persons as commlssloners Lo make Lhe parLlLlonţ
commandlng Lhem Lo seL off Lo Lhe plalnLlff and Lo each parLy ln lnLeresL such parL and proporLlon of Lhe properLy as Lhe courL shall
dlrecLŦ (3a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ Ootb ooJ Jotles of commlsslooetsŦ Ÿ 8efore maklng such parLlLlonŤ Lhe commlssloners shall Lake and subscrlbe an oaLh
LhaL Lhey wlll falLhfully perform Lhelr duLles as commlsslonersţ whlch oaLh shall be flled ln courL wlLh Lhe oLher proceedlngs ln Lhe
caseŦ ln maklng Lhe parLlLlonţ Lhe commlssloners shall vlew and examlne Lhe real esLaLeţ afLer due noLlce Lo Lhe parLles Lo aLLend aL
such vlew and examlnaLlonţ and shall hear Lhe parLles as Lo Lhelr preference ln Lhe porLlon of Lhe properLy Lo be seL aparL Lo Lhem
and Lhe comparaLlve value Lhereofţ and shall seL aparL Lhe same Lo Lhe parLles ln loLs or parcels as wlll be mosL advanLageous and
equlLableţ havlng due regard Lo Lhe lmprovemenLsţ slLuaLlon and quallLy of Lhe dlfferenL parLs LhereofŦ (4a)
Sect|on SŦ Asslqomeot ot sole of teol estote by commlsslooetsŦ Ÿ When lL ls made Lo appear Lo Lhe commlssloners LhaL Lhe real
sLaLeţ or a porLlon Lhereofţ cannoL be dlvlded wlLhouL pre[udlce Lo Lhe lnLeresLs of Lhe parLlesţ Lhe courL may order lL asslgned Lo one
of Lhe parLles wllllng Lo Lake Lhe sameţ provlded he pays Lo Lhe oLher parLles such amounL as Lhe commlssloners deem equlLableţ
unless one of Lhe lnLeresLed parLles asks LhaL Lhe properLy be sold lnsLead of belng so asslgnedţ ln whlch case Lhe courL shall order
Lhe commlssloners Lo sell Lhe real esLaLe aL publlc sale under such condlLlons and wlLhln such Llme as Lhe courL may deLermlneŦ (3a)
Sect|on 6Ŧ kepott of commlsslooetsŤ ptoceeJloqs oot bloJloq ootll coofltmeJŦ Ÿ 1he commlssloners shall make a full and accuraLe
reporL Lo Lhe courL of all Lhelr proceedlngs as Lo Lhe parLlLlonţ or Lhe asslgnmenL of real esLaLe Lo one of Lhe parLlesţ or Lhe sale of
Lhe sameŦ upon Lhe flllng of such reporLţ Lhe clerk of courL shall serve coples Lhereof on all Lhe lnLeresLed parLles wlLh noLlce LhaL
Lhey are allowed Len (10) days wlLhln whlch Lo flle ob[ecLlons Lo Lhe flndlngs of Lhe reporLţ lf Lhey so deslreŦ no proceedlng had
before or conducLed by Lhe commlssloners and rendered [udgmenL LhereonŦ (6a)
Sect|on 7Ŧ Actloo of tbe coott opoo commlsslooets tepottŦ Ÿ upon Lhe explraLlon of Lhe perlod of Len (10) days referred Lo ln Lhe
precedlng secLlon or even before Lhe explraLlon of such perlod buL afLer Lhe lnLeresLed parLles have flled Lhelr ob[ecLlons Lo Lhe
reporL or Lhelr sLaLemenL of agreemenL LherewlLh Lhe courL mayţ upon hearlngţ accepL Lhe reporL and render [udgmenL ln
accordance LherewlLhţ orţ for cause shown recommlL Lhe same Lo Lhe commlssloners for furLher reporL of facLsŤ or seL aslde Lhe
reporL and appolnL new commlsslonersŤ or accepL Lhe reporL ln parL and re[ecL lL ln parLŤ and may make such order and render such
[udgmenL as shall effecLuaLe a falr and [usL parLlLlon of Lhe real esLaLeţ or of lLs valueţ lf asslgned or sold as above provldedţ beLween
Lhe several owners LhereofŦ (7)
Sect|on 8Ŧ Accoootloq fot teot ooJ ptoflts lo octloo fot pottltlooŦ Ÿ ln an acLlon for parLlLlon ln accordance wlLh Lhls 8uleţ a parLy
shall recover from anoLher hls [usL share of renLs and proflLs recelved by such oLher parLy from Lhe real esLaLe ln quesLlonţ and Lhe
[udgmenL shall lnclude an allowance for such renLs and proflLsŦ (8a)
Sect|on 9Ŧ lowet of qootJloo lo socb ptoceeJloqsŦ Ÿ 1he guardlan or guardlan oJ lltem of a mlnor or person [udlclally declared Lo be
lncompeLenL mayţ wlLh Lhe approval of Lhe courL flrsL hadţ do and perform on behalf of hls ward any acLţ maLLerţ or Lhlng respecLlng
Lhe parLlLlon of real esLaLeţ whlch Lhe mlnor or person [udlclally declared Lo be lncompeLenL could do ln parLlLlon proceedlngs lf he
were of age or compeLenLŦ (9a)
Sect|on 10Ŧ costs ooJ expeoses to be toxeJ ooJ collecteJŦ Ÿ 1he courL shall equlLably Lax and apporLlon beLween or among Lhe
parLles Lhe cosLs and expenses whlch accrue ln Lhe acLlonţ lncludlng Lhe compensaLlon of Lhe commlsslonersţ havlng regard Lo Lhe
lnLeresLs of Lhe parLlesţ and execuLlon may lssue Lherefor as ln oLher casesŦ (10a)
Sect|on 11Ŧ 1be joJqmeot ooJ lts effectŤ copy to be tecotJeJ lo teqlstty of JeeJsŦ Ÿ lf acLual parLlLlon of properLy ls madeţ Lhe
[udgmenL shall sLaLe deflnlLelyţ by meLes and bounds and adequaLe descrlpLlonţ Lhe parLlcular porLlon of Lhe real esLaLe asslgned Lo
each parLyţ and Lhe effecL of Lhe [udgmenL shall be Lo vesL ln each parLy Lo Lhe acLlon ln severalLy Lhe porLlon of Lhe real esLaLe
asslgned Lo hlmŦ lf Lhe whole properLy ls asslgned Lo one of Lhe parLles upon hls paylng Lo Lhe oLhers Lhe sum or sums ordered by
Lhe courLţ Lhe [udgmenL shall sLaLe Lhe facL of such paymenL and of Lhe asslgnmenL of Lhe real esLaLe Lo Lhe parLy maklng Lhe
paymenLţ and Lhe effecL of Lhe [udgmenL shall be Lo vesL ln Lhe parLy maklng Lhe paymenL Lhe whole of Lhe real esLaLe free from any
lnLeresL on Lhe parL of Lhe oLher parLles Lo Lhe acLlonŦ lf Lhe properLy ls sold and Lhe sale conflrmed by Lhe courLţ Lhe [udgmenL shall
sLaLe Lhe name of Lhe purchaser or purchasers and a deflnlLe descrlpLlon of Lhe parcels of real esLaLe sold Lo each purchaserţ and Lhe
effecL of Lhe [udgmenL shall be Lo vesL Lhe real esLaLe ln Lhe purchaser or purchasers maklng Lhe paymenL or paymenLsţ free from
Lhe clalms of any of Lhe parLles Lo Lhe acLlonŦ A cerLlfled copy of Lhe [udgmenL shall ln elLher case be recorded ln Lhe reglsLry of
deeds of Lhe place ln whlch Lhe real esLaLe ls slLuaLedţ and Lhe expenses of such recordlng shall be Laxed as parL of Lhe cosLs of Lhe
acLlonŦ (11a)
Sect|on 12Ŧ Neltbet potomooot tlqbts oot omlcoble pottltloo offecteJ by tbls koleŦ Ÿ noLhlng ln Lhls 8ule conLalned shall be
consLrued so as Lo pre[udlceţ defeaLţ or desLroy Lhe rlghL or LlLle of any person clalmlng Lhe real esLaLe lnvolved by LlLle under any
oLher personţ or by LlLle paramounL Lo Lhe LlLle of Lhe parLles among whom Lhe parLlLlon may have been madeţ nor so as Lo resLrlcL
or prevenL persons holdlng real esLaLe [olnLly or ln common from maklng an amlcable parLlLlon Lhereof by agreemenL and sulLable
lnsLrumenLs of conveyance wlLhouL recourse Lo an acLlonŦ (12a)
Sect|on 13Ŧ lottltloo of petsoool ptopettyŦ Ÿ 1he provlslons of Lhls 8ule shall apply Lo parLlLlons of esLaLes composed of personal
properLyţ or of boLh real and personal properLyţ ln so far as Lhe same may be appllcableŦ (13)

kULL 70
Iorc|b|e Lntry and Un|awfu| Deta|ner
Sect|on 1Ŧ wbo moy lostltote ptoceeJloqsţ ooJ wbeoŦ Ÿ Sub[ecL Lo Lhe provlslons of Lhe nexL succeedlng secLlonţ a person deprlved
of Lhe possesslon of any land or bulldlng by forceţ lnLlmldaLlonţ LhreaLţ sLraLegyţ or sLealLhţ or a lessorţ vendorţ vendeeţ or oLher
person agalnsL whom Lhe possesslon of any land or bulldlng ls unlawfully wlLhheld afLer Lhe explraLlon or LermlnaLlon of Lhe rlghL Lo
hold possesslonţ by vlrLue of any conLracLţ express or lmplledţ or Lhe legal represenLaLlves or asslgns of any such lessorţ vendorţ
vendeeţ or oLher personţ mayţ aL any Llme wlLhln one (1) year afLer such unlawful deprlvaLlon or wlLhholdlng of possesslonţ brlng an
acLlon ln Lhe proper Munlclpal 1rlal CourL agalnsL Lhe person or persons unlawfully wlLhholdlng or deprlvlng of possesslonţ or any
person or persons clalmlng under Lhemţ for Lhe resLlLuLlon of such possesslonţ LogeLher wlLh damages and cosLsŦ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ lessot to ptoceeJ oqolost lessee ooly oftet JemooJŦ Ÿ unless oLherwlse sLlpulaLedţ such acLlon by Lhe lesser shall be
commenced only afLer demand Lo pay or comply wlLh Lhe condlLlons of Lhe lease and Lo vacaLe ls made upon Lhe lesseeţ or by
servlng wrlLLen noLlce of such demand upon Lhe person found on Lhe premlses lf no person be found Lhereonţ and Lhe lessee falls Lo
comply LherewlLh afLer flfLeen (13) days ln Lhe case of land or flve (3) days ln Lhe case of bulldlngsŦ (2a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ 5ommoty ptoceJoteŦ Ÿ LxcepL ln cases covered by Lhe agrlculLural Lenancy laws or when Lhe law oLherwlse expressly
provldesţ all acLlons for forclble enLry and unlawful deLalnerţ lrrespecLlve of Lhe amounL of damages or unpald renLals soughL Lo be
recoveredţ shall be governed by Lhe summary procedure hereunder provldedŦ (n)
Sect|on 4Ŧ lleoJloqs olloweJŦ Ÿ 1he only pleadlngs allowed Lo be flled are Lhe complalnLţ compulsory counLerclalm and crossŴclalm
pleaded ln Lhe answerţ and Lhe answers LhereLoŦ All pleadlngs shall be verlfledŦ (3aţ 8SÞ)
Sect|on SŦ Actloo oo complolotŦ Ÿ 1he courL mayţ from an examlnaLlon of Lhe allegaLlons ln Lhe complalnL and such evldence as may
be aLLached LhereLoţ dlsmlss Lhe case ouLrlghL on any of Lhe grounds for Lhe dlsmlssal of a clvll acLlon whlch are apparenL LherelnŦ lf
no ground for dlsmlssal ls foundţ lL shall forLhwlLh lssue summonsŦ (n)
Sect|on 6Ŧ AoswetsŦ Ÿ WlLhln Len (10) days from servlce of summonsţ Lhe defendanL shall flle hls answer Lo Lhe complalnL and serve
a copy Lhereof on Lhe plalnLlffŦ AfflrmaLlve and negaLlve defenses noL pleaded Lhereln shall be deemed walvedţ excepL lack of
[urlsdlcLlon over Lhe sub[ecL maLLerŦ CrossŴclalms and compulsory counLerclalms noL asserLed ln Lhe answer shall be consldered
barredŦ 1he answer Lo counLerclalms or crossŴclalms shall be served and flled wlLhln Len (10) days from servlce of Lhe answer ln
whlch Lhey are pleadedŦ (3 8SÞ)
Sect|on 7Ŧ íffect of follote to ooswetŦ Ÿ Should Lhe defendanL fall Lo answer Lhe complalnL wlLhln Lhe perlod above provldedţ Lhe
courLţ moto ptoptlo or on moLlon of Lhe plalnLlffţ shall render [udgmenL as may be warranLed by Lhe facLs alleged ln Lhe complalnL
and llmlLed Lo whaL ls prayed for LherelnŦ 1he courL may ln lLs dlscreLlon reduce Lhe amounL of damages and aLLorneyƌs fees clalmed
for belng excesslve or oLherwlse unconsclonableţ wlLhouL pre[udlce Lo Lhe appllcablllLy of secLlon 3 (c)ţ 8ule 9 lf Lhere are Lwo or
more defendanLsŦ
(6ţ 8SÞ)
Sect|on 8Ŧ ltellmlooty coofeteoceŤ oppeotooce of pottlesŦ Ÿ noL laLer Lhan LhlrLy (30) days afLer Lhe lasL answer ls flledţ a prellmlnary
conference shall be heldŦ 1he provlslons of 8ule 18 on preŴLrlal shall be appllcable Lo Lhe prellmlnary conference unless lnconslsLenL
wlLh Lhe provlslons of Lhls 8uleŦ
1he fallure of Lhe plalnLlff Lo appear ln Lhe prellmlnary conference shall be cause for Lhe dlsmlssal of hls complalnLŦ 1he defendanL
who appears ln Lhe absence of Lhe plalnLlff shall be enLlLled Lo [udgmenL on hls counLerclalm ln accordance wlLh Lhe nexL precedlng
secLlonŦ All crossŴclalms shall be dlsmlssedŦ (7ţ 8SÞ)
lf a sole defendanL shall fall Lo appearţ Lhe plalnLlff shall llkewlse be enLlLled Lo [udgmenL ln accordance wlLh Lhe nexL precedlng
secLlonŦ 1hls procedure shall noL apply where one of Lwo or more defendanLs sued under a common cause of acLlon defense shall
appear aL Lhe prellmlnary conferenceŦ
no posLponemenL of Lhe prellmlnary conference shall be granLed excepL for hlghly merlLorlous grounds and wlLhouL pre[udlce Lo
such sancLlons as Lhe courL ln Lhe exerclse of sound dlscreLlon may lmpose on Lhe movanLŦ (n)
Sect|on 9Ŧ kecotJ of ptellmlooty coofeteoceŦ Ÿ WlLhln flve (3) days afLer Lhe LermlnaLlon of Lhe prellmlnary conferenceţ Lhe courL
shall lssue an order sLaLlng Lhe maLLers Laken up Lherelnţ lncludlng buL noL llmlLed Loť
1Ŧ WheLher Lhe parLles have arrlved aL an amlcable seLLlemenLţ and lf soţ Lhe Lerms LhereofŤ
2Ŧ 1he sLlpulaLlons or admlsslons enLered lnLo by Lhe parLlesŤ
3Ŧ WheLherţ on Lhe basls of Lhe pleadlngs and Lhe sLlpulaLlons and admlsslon made by Lhe parLlesţ [udgmenL may be
rendered wlLhouL Lhe need of furLher proceedlngsţ ln whlch evenL Lhe [udgmenL shall be rendered wlLhln LhlrLy (30) days
from lssuance of Lhe orderŤ
4Ŧ A clear speclflcaLlon of maLerlal facLs whlch remaln converLedŤ and
3Ŧ Such oLher maLLers lnLended Lo expedlLe Lhe dlsposlLlon of Lhe caseŦ (8ţ 8SÞ)
Sect|on 10Ŧ 5obmlssloo of offlJovlts ooJ posltloo popetsŦ Ÿ WlLhln Len (10) days from recelpL of Lhe order menLloned ln Lhe nexL
precedlng secLlonţ Lhe parLles shall submlL Lhe affldavlLs of Lhelr wlLnesses and oLher evldence on Lhe facLual lssues deflned ln Lhe
orderţ LogeLher wlLh Lhelr poslLlon papers seLLlng forLh Lhe law and Lhe facLs relled upon by LhemŦ (9ţ 8SÞ)
Sect|on 11Ŧ letloJ fot teoJltloo of joJqmeotŦ Ÿ WlLhln LhlrLy (30) days afLer recelpL of Lhe affldavlLs and poslLlon papersţ or Lhe
explraLlon of Lhe perlod for flllng Lhe sameţ Lhe courL shall render [udgmenLŦ
Poweverţ should Lhe courL flnd lL necessary Lo clarlfy cerLaln maLerlal facLsţ durlng Lhe sald perlodţ lssue an order speclfylng Lhe
maLLers Lo be clarlfledţ and requlre Lhe parLles Lo submlL affldavlLs or oLher evldence on Lhe sald maLLers wlLhln Len (10) days from
recelpL of sald orderŦ !udgmenL shall be rendered wlLhln flfLeen (13) days afLer Lhe recelpL of Lhe lasL affldavlL or Lhe explraLlon of
Lhe perlod for flllng Lhe sameŦ
1he courL shall noL resorL Lo Lhe foregolng procedure [usL Lo galn Llme for Lhe rendlLlon of Lhe [udgmenLŦ (n)
Sect|on 12Ŧ kefettol fot cooclllotlooŦ Ÿ Cases requlrlng referral for conclllaLlonţ where Lhere ls no showlng of compllance wlLh such
requlremenLţ shall be dlsmlssed wlLhouL pre[udlceţ and may be revlved only afLer LhaL requlremenL shall have been complled wlLhŦ
(18aţ 8SÞ)
Sect|on 13Ŧ ltoblblteJ pleoJloqs ooJ motloosŦ Ÿ 1he followlng peLlLlonsţ moLlonsţ or pleadlngs shall noL be allowedť
1Ŧ MoLlon Lo dlsmlss Lhe complalnL excepL on Lhe ground of lack of [urlsdlcLlon over Lhe sub[ecL maLLerţ or fallure Lo
comply wlLh secLlon 12Ť
2Ŧ MoLlon for a blll of parLlcularsŤ
3Ŧ MoLlon for new Lrlalţ or for reconslderaLlon of a [udgmenLţ or for reopenlng of LrlalŤ
4Ŧ ÞeLlLlon for rellef from [udgmenLŤ
3Ŧ MoLlon for exLenslon of Llme Lo flle pleadlngsţ affldavlLs or any oLher paperŤ
6Ŧ MemorandaŤ
7Ŧ ÞeLlLlon for cettlototlţ mooJomosţ or prohlblLlon agalnsL any lnLerlocuLory order lssued by Lhe courLŤ
8Ŧ MoLlon Lo declare Lhe defendanL ln defaulLŤ
9Ŧ ullaLory moLlons for posLponemenLŤ
10Ŧ 8eplyŤ
11Ŧ 1hlrdŴparLy complalnLsŤ
12Ŧ lnLervenLlonsŦ (19aţ 8SÞ)
Sect|on 14Ŧ AfflJovltsŦ Ÿ 1he affldavlLs requlred Lo be submlLLed under Lhls 8ule shall sLaLe only facLs of dlrecL personal knowledge
of Lhe afflanLs whlch are admlsslble ln evldenceţ and shall show Lhelr compeLence Lo LesLlfy Lo Lhe maLLers sLaLed LherelnŦ
A vlolaLlon of Lhls requlremenL may sub[ecL Lhe parLy or Lhe counsel who submlLs Lhe same Lo dlsclpllnary acLlonţ and shall be cause
Lo expunge Lhe lnadmlsslble affldavlL or porLlon Lhereof from Lhe recordŦ (20ţ 8SÞ)
Sect|on 1SŦ ltellmlooty lojooctlooŦ Ÿ 1he courL may granL prellmlnary ln[uncLlonţ ln accordance wlLh Lhe provlslons of 8ule 38
hereofţ Lo prevenL Lhe defendanL from commlLLlng furLher acLs of dlspossesslon agalnsL Lhe plalnLlffŦ
A possessor deprlved of hls possesslon Lhrough forclble from Lhe flllng of Lhe complalnLţ presenL a moLlon ln Lhe acLlon for forclble
enLry or unlawful deLalner for Lhe lssuance of a wrlL of prellmlnary mandaLory ln[uncLlon Lo resLore hlm ln hls possesslonŦ 1he courL
shall declde Lhe moLlon wlLhln LhlrLy (30) days from Lhe flllng LhereofŦ (3a)
Sect|on 16Ŧ kesolvloq Jefeose of owoetsblpŦ Ÿ When Lhe defendanL ralses Lhe defense of ownershlp ln hls pleadlngs and Lhe
quesLlon of possesslon cannoL be resolved wlLhouL decldlng Lhe lssue of ownershlpţ Lhe lssue of ownershlp shall be resolved only Lo
deLermlne Lhe lssue of possesslonŦ (4a)
Sect|on 17Ŧ IoJqmeotŦ Ÿ lf afLer Lrlal courL flnds LhaL Lhe allegaLlons of Lhe complalnL are Lrueţ lL shall render [udgmenL ln favor of
Lhe plalnLlff for Lhe resLlLuLlon of Lhe premlsesţ Lhe sum [usLly due as arrears of renL or as reasonable compensaLlon for Lhe use and
occupaLlon of Lhe premlsesţ aLLorneyƌs fees and cosLsŦ lf a counLerclalm ls esLabllshedţ Lhe courL shall render [udgmenL for Lhe sum
found ln arrears from elLher parLy and award cosLs as [usLlce requlresŦ (6a)
Sect|on 18Ŧ IoJqmeot coocloslve ooly oo possesslooŤ oot coocloslve lo octloos lovolvloq tltle ot owoetsblpŦ Ÿ 1he [udgmenL rendered
ln an acLlon for forclble enLry or deLalner shall be concluslve wlLh respecL Lo Lhe possesslon only and shall ln no wlse blnd Lhe LlLle or
affecL Lhe ownershlp of Lhe land or bulldlngŦ Such [udgmenL shall noL bar an acLlon beLween Lhe same parLles respecLlng LlLle Lo Lhe
land or bulldlngŦ
1he [udgmenL or flnal order shall be appealable Lo Lhe approprlaLe 8eglonal 1rlal CourL whlch shall declde Lhe same on Lhe basls of
Lhe enLlre record of Lhe proceedlngs had ln Lhe courL of orlgln and such memoranda and/or brlefs as may be submlLLed by Lhe
parLles or requlred by Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourLŦ (7a)
Sect|on 19Ŧ lmmeJlote execotloo of joJqmeotŤ bow to stoy someŦ Ÿ lf [udgmenL ls rendered agalnsL Lhe defendanLţ execuLlon shall
lssue lmmedlaLely upon moLlon unless an appeal has been perfecLed and Lhe defendanL Lo sLay execuLlon flles a sufflclenL
supersedeas bondţ approved by Lhe Munlclpal 1rlal CourL and execuLed ln favor of Lhe plalnLlff Lo pay Lhe renLsţ damagesţ and cosLs
accrulng down Lo Lhe Llme of Lhe [udgmenL appealed fromţ and unlessţ durlng Lhe pendency of Lhe appealţ he deposlLs wlLh Lhe
appellaLe courL Lhe amounL of renL due from Llme Lo Llme under Lhe conLracLţ lf anyţ as deLermlned by Lhe [udgmenL of Lhe
Munlclpal 1rlal CourLŦ ln Lhe absence of a conLracLţ he shall deposlL wlLh Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourL Lhe reasonable value of Lhe use and
occupaLlon of Lhe premlses for Lhe precedlng monLh or perlod aL Lhe raLe deLermlned by Lhe [udgmenL of Lhe lower courL on or
before Lhe LenLh day of each succeedlng monLh or perlodŦ 1he supersedeas bond shall be LransmlLLed by Lhe Munlclpal 1rlal CourLţ
wlLh Lhe papersţ Lo Lhe clerk of Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourL Lo whlch Lhe acLlon ls appealedŦ
All amounLs so pald Lo Lhe appellaLe courL shall be deposlLed wlLh sald courL or auLhorlzed governmenL deposlLary bankţ and shall be
held Lhere unLll Lhe flnal dlsposlLlon of Lhe appealţ unless Lhe courLţ by agreemenL of Lhe lnLeresLed parLlesţ or ln Lhe absence of
reasonable grounds of opposlLlon Lo a moLlon Lo wlLhdrawţ or for [usLlflable reasonsţ shall decree oLherwlseŦ Should Lhe defendanL
fall Lo make Lhe paymenLs above prescrlbed from Llme Lo Llme durlng Lhe pendency of Lhe appealţ Lhe appellaLe courLţ upon moLlon
of Lhe plalnLlffţ and upon proof of such fallureţ shall order Lhe execuLlon of Lhe [udgmenL appealed from wlLh respecL Lo Lhe
resLoraLlon of possesslonţ buL such execuLlon shall noL be a bar Lo Lhe appeal Laklng lLs course unLll Lhe flnal dlsposlLlon Lhereof on
Lhe merlLsŦ
AfLer Lhe case ls declded by Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourLţ any money pald Lo Lhe courL by Lhe defendanL for purposes of Lhe sLay of
execuLlon shall be dlsposed of ln accordance wlLh Lhe provlslons of Lhe [udgmenL of Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourLŦ ln any case whereln lL
appears LhaL Lhe defendanL has been deprlved of Lhe lawful possesslon of land or bulldlng pendlng Lhe appeal by vlrLue of Lhe
execuLlon of Lhe [udgmenL of Lhe Munlclpal 1rlal CourLţ damages for such deprlvaLlon of possesslon and resLoraLlon of possesslon
and resLoraLlon of possesslon may be allowed Lhe defendanL ln Lhe [udgmenL of Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourL dlsposlng of Lhe appealŦ (8a)
Sect|on 20Ŧ ltellmlooty mooJototy lojooctloo lo cose of oppeolŦ Ÿ upon moLlon of Lhe plalnLlffţ wlLhln Len (10) days from Lhe
perfecLlon of Lhe appeal Lo Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourLţ Lhe laLLer may lssue a wrlL of prellmlnary mandaLory ln[uncLlon Lo resLore Lhe
plalnLlff ln possesslon lf Lhe courL ls saLlsfled LhaL Lhe defendanLƌs appeal ls frlvolous or dllaLory or LhaL Lhe appeal of Lhe plalnLlff
ls ptlmo focle merlLorlousŦ (9a)
Sect|on 21Ŧ lmmeJlote execotloo oo oppeol to coott of Appeols ot 5opteme coottŦ Ÿ 1he [udgmenL of Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourL
agalnsL Lhe defendanL shall be lmmedlaLely execuLoryţ wlLhouL pre[udlce Lo a furLher appeal LhaL may be Laken LherefromŦ (10a)

kULL 71
Contempt
Sect|on 1Ŧ ultect cootempt poolsbeJ sommotllyŦ Ÿ A person gullLy of mlsbehavlor ln Lhe presence of or so near a courL as Lo obsLrucL
or lnLerrupL Lhe proceedlngs before Lhe sameţ lncludlng dlsrespecL Loward Lhe courLţ offenslve personallLles Loward oLhersţ or
refusal Lo be sworn or Lo answer as a wlLnessţ or Lo subscrlbe an affldavlL or deposlLlon when lawfully requlred Lo do soţ may be
summarlly ad[udged ln conLempL by such courL and punlshed by a flne noL exceedlng Lwo Lhousand pesos or lmprlsonmenL noL
exceedlng Len (10) daysţ or boLhţ lf lL be a 8eglonal 1rlal CourL or a courL of equlvalenL or hlgher rankţ or by a flne noL exceedlng Lwo
hundred pesos or lmprlsonmenL noL exceedlng one (1) dayţ or boLhţ lf lL be a lower courLŦ (1a)
Sect|on 2Ŧ kemeJy tbeteftomŦ Ÿ 1he person ad[udged ln dlrecL conLempL by any courL may noL appeal Lherefromţ buL may avall
hlmself of Lhe remedles of cettlototl or prohlblLlonŦ 1he execuLlon of Lhe [udgmenL shall be suspended pendlng resoluLlon of such
peLlLlonţ provlded such person flles a bond flxed by Lhe courL whlch rendered Lhe [udgmenL and condlLloned LhaL he wlll ablde by
and perform Lhe [udgmenL should Lhe peLlLlon be declded agalnsL hlmŦ (2a)
Sect|on 3Ŧ loJltect cootempt to be poolsbeJ oftet cbotqe ooJ beotloqŦ Ÿ AfLer a charge ln wrlLlng has been flledţ and an opporLunlLy
glven Lo Lhe respondenL Lo commenL Lhereon wlLhln such perlod as may be flxed by Lhe courL and Lo be heard by hlmself or counselţ
a person gullLy of any of Lhe followlng acLs may be punlshed for lndlrecL conLempLŤ
(a) Mlsbehavlor of an offlcer of a courL ln Lhe performance of hls offlclal duLles or ln hls offlclal LransacLlonsŤ
(b) ulsobedlence of or reslsLance Lo a lawful wrlLţ processţ orderţ or [udgmenL of a courLţ lncludlng Lhe acL of a person
whoţ afLer belng dlspossessed or e[ecLed from any real properLy by Lhe [udgmenL or process of any courL of compeLenL
[urlsdlcLlonţ enLers or aLLempLs or lnduces anoLher Lo enLer lnLo or upon such real properLyţ for Lhe purpose of execuLlng
acLs of ownershlp or possesslonţ or ln any manner dlsLurbs Lhe possesslon glven Lo Lhe person ad[udged Lo be enLlLled
LhereLoŤ
(c) Any abuse of or any unlawful lnLerference wlLh Lhe processes or proceedlngs of a courL noL consLlLuLlng dlrecL
conLempL under secLlon 1 of Lhls 8uleŤ
(d) Any lmproper conducL Lendlngţ dlrecLly or lndlrecLlyţ Lo lmpedeţ obsLrucLţ or degrade Lhe admlnlsLraLlon of [usLlceŤ
(e) Assumlng Lo be an aLLorney or an offlcer of a courLţ and acLlng as such wlLhouL auLhorlLyŤ
(f) lallure Lo obey a subpoena duly servedŤ
(g) 1he rescueţ or aLLempLed rescueţ of a person or properLy ln Lhe cusLody of an offlcer by vlrLue of an order or process
of a courL held by hlmŦ
8uL noLhlng ln Lhls secLlon shall be so consLrued as Lo prevenL Lhe courL from lssulng process Lo brlng Lhe respondenL lnLo courLţ or
from holdlng hlm ln cusLody pendlng such proceedlngsŦ (3a)
Sect|on 4Ŧ now ptoceeJloqs commeoceJŦ Ÿ Þroceedlngs for lndlrecL conLempL may be lnlLlaLed moto ptoplo by Lhe courL agalnsL
whlch Lhe conLempL was commlLLed by an order or any oLher formal charge requlrlng Lhe respondenL Lo show cause why he should
noL be punlshed for conLempLŦ
ln all oLher casesţ charges for lndlrecL conLempL shall be commenced by a verlfled peLlLlon wlLh supporLlng parLlculars and cerLlfled
Lrue coples of documenLs or papers lnvolved Lherelnţ and upon full compllance wlLh Lhe requlremenLs for flllng lnlLlaLory pleadlngs
for clvll acLlons ln Lhe courL concernedŦ lf Lhe conLempL charges arose ouL of or are relaLed Lo a prlnclpal acLlon pendlng ln Lhe courLţ
Lhe peLlLlon for conLempL shall allege LhaL facL buL sald peLlLlon shall be dockeLedţ heard and declded separaLelyţ unless Lhe courL ln
lLs dlscreLlon orders Lhe consolldaLlon of Lhe conLempL charge and Lhe prlnclpal acLlon for [olnL hearlng and declslonŦ (n)
Sect|on SŦ wbete cbotqe to be flleJŦ Ÿ Where Lhe charge for lndlrecL conLempL has been commlLLed agalnsL a 8eglonal 1rlal CourL or
a courL of equlvalenL or hlgher rankţ or agalnsL an offlcer appolnLed by lLţ Lhe charge may be flled wlLh such courLŦ Where such
conLempL has been commlLLed agalnsL a lower courLţ Lhe charge may be flled wlLh Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourL of Lhe place ln whlch Lhe
lower courL ls slLLlngŤ buL Lhe proceedlngs may also be lnsLlLuLed ln such lower courL sub[ecL Lo appeal Lo Lhe 8eglonal 1rlal CourL of
such place ln Lhe same manner as provlded ln secLlon 11 of Lhls 8uleŦ (4aŤ 8ar MaLLer noŦ 803ţ 21 !uly 1998)
Sect|on 6Ŧ neotloqŤ teleose oo bollŦ Ÿ lf Lhe hearlng ls noL ordered Lo be had forLhwlLhţ Lhe respondenL may be released from
cusLody upon flllng a bondţ ln an amounL flxed by Lhe courLţ for hls appearance aL Lhe hearlng of Lhe chargeŦ Cn Lhe day seL Lhereforţ
Lhe courL shall proceed Lo lnvesLlgaLe Lhe charge and conslder such commenLţ LesLlmony or defense as Lhe respondenL may make or
offerŦ (3a)
Sect|on 7Ŧ loolsbmeot fot loJltect cootemptŦ Ÿ lf Lhe respondenL ls ad[udged gullLy of lndlrecL conLempL commlLLed agalnsL a
8eglonal 1rlal CourL or a courL of equlvalenL or hlgher rankţ he may be punlshed by a flne noL exceedlng LhlrLy Lhousand pesos or
lmprlsonmenL noL exceedlng slx (6) monLhsţ or boLhŦ lf he ls ad[udged gullLy of conLempL commlLLed agalnsL a lower courLţ he may
be punlshed by a flne noL exceedlng flve Lhousand pesos or lmprlsonmenL noL exceedlng one (1) monLhţ or boLhŦ lf Lhe conLempL
conslsLs ln Lhe vlolaLlon of a wrlL of ln[uncLlonţ Lemporary resLralnlng order or stotos poo orderţ he may also be ordered Lo make
compleLe resLlLuLlon Lo Lhe parLy ln[ured by such vlolaLlon of Lhe properLy lnvolved or such amounL as may be alleged and provedŦ
1he wrlL of execuLlonţ as ln ordlnary clvll acLlonsţ shall lssue for Lhe enforcemenL of a [udgmenL lmposlng a flne unless Lhe courL
oLherwlse provldesŦ (6a)
Sect|on 8Ŧ lmptlsoomeot ootll otJet obeyeJŦ Ÿ When Lhe conLempL conslsLs ln Lhe refusal or omlsslon Lo do an acL whlch ls yeL ln Lhe
power of Lhe respondenL Lo performţ he may be lmprlsoned by order of Lhe courL concerned unLll he performs lLŦ (7a)
Sect|on 9Ŧ ltoceeJloq wbeo potty teleoseJ oo boll folls to ooswetŦ Ÿ When a respondenL released on ball falls Lo appear on Lhe day
flxed for Lhe hearlngţ Lhe courL may lssue anoLher order of arresL or may order Lhe bond for hls appearance Lo be forfelLed and
conflscaLedţ or boLhŤ andţ lf Lhe bond be proceeded agalnsLţ Lhe measure of damages shall be Lhe exLenL of Lhe loss or ln[ury
susLalned by Lhe aggrleved parLy by reason of Lhe mlsconducL for whlch Lhe conLempL charge was prosecuLedţ wlLh Lhe cosLs of Lhe
proceedlngsţ and such recovery shall be for Lhe beneflL of Lhe parLy ln[uredŦ lf Lhere ls no aggrleved parLyţ Lhe bond shall be llable
and dlsposed of as ln crlmlnal casesŦ (8a)
Sect|on 10Ŧ coott moy teleose tespooJeotŦ Ÿ 1he courL whlch lssued Lhe order lmprlsonlng a person for conLempL may dlscharge
hlm from lmprlsonmenL when lL appears LhaL publlc lnLeresL wlll noL be pre[udlced by hls releaseŦ (9a)
Sect|on 11Ŧ kevlew of joJqmeot ot flool otJetŤ booJ fot stoyŦ Ÿ 1he [udgmenL or flnal order of a courL ln a case of lndlrecL conLempL
may be appealed Lo Lhe proper courL as ln crlmlnal casesŦ 8uL execuLlon of Lhe [udgmenL or flnal order shall noL be suspended unLll a
bond ls flled by Lhe person ad[udged ln conLempLţ ln an amounL flxed by Lhe courL from whlch Lhe appeal ls Lakenţ condlLloned LhaL
lf Lhe appeal be declded agalnsL hlm he wlll ablde by and perform Lhe [udgmenL or flnal orderŦ (10a)
Sect|on 12Ŧ cootempt oqolost pooslŴjoJlclol eotltlesŦ Ÿ unless oLherwlse provlded by lawţ Lhls 8ule shall apply Lo conLempL
commlLLed agalnsL personsţ enLlLlesţ bodles or agencles exerclslng quaslŴ[udlclal funcLlonsţ or shall have suppleLory effecL Lo such
rules as Lhey may have adopLed pursuanL Lo auLhorlLy granLed Lo Lhem by law Lo punlsh for conLempLŦ 1he 8eglonal 1rlal CourL of
Lhe place whereln Lhe conLempL has been commlLLed shall have [urlsdlcLlon over such charges as may be flled LhereforŦ (n)


1he Lawphll Þro[ecL Ŵ Arellano Law loundaLlon

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