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Warning Systems - EICAS
Amendment: Link to document listing NO-GO Status Messages.
INTRODUCTION The warning systems consist of four separate systems: • Engine Indication and Crew Alerting System (EICAS). • Warning System. • Ground Proximity Warning System (GPWS). • Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS). These systems provide all airplane crew alerting. Alert is defined as a visual, tactile and/or aural alert requiring crew awareness and possible crew action. For information on EICAS-related engine indications, see Engines - EICAS ENGINE INDICATION AND CREW ALERTING SYSTEM EICAS consolidates engine and subsystem indications and provides a centrally located crew alerting message display. EICAS also displays some system status and maintenance information. EICAS provides: • System alerts. • Maintenance information. • Status messages All alert and status messages are listed in the Dispatch Deviation Guide or airline equivalent and provide a cross reference to the MEL (Minimum Equipment List) for possible dispatch relief. SYSTEM ALERT MESSAGES System alert messages are normally associated with system failures or faults that may require performance of a specific non-normal procedure, or affect the way the flight crew operates the airplane. There are four categories of crew alerts: • Time Critical Warning • Warning • Caution • Advisory • communication alerts.
Non-normal airplane system conditions not affecting the normal operation of the airplane are not alert conditions. These are annunciated using status or maintenance messages. System alert messages not directly caused by system failures or faults include such situations as: • Altitude Alert • Configuration warnings • Stall warning • Ground Proximity Warnings and Cautions Non-normal operational conditions do not include: • Communication indications • Interphone calls • Printer messages • Overspeed Warning • FMC messages • TCAS warnings • Windshear Warning
Time critical warnings are usually associated with primary flight path control.identifies an incoming communication requiring timely awareness and response. It is accompanied by an aural chime. The most recent message is displayed at the top of its respective level. These alerts direct the crew to the appropriate message display. http://www. and ADI indications or stick shakers announce time critical warning conditions. preceded by a dot) Low-level communication (white. Corrective action may be required.com/software/757_tech/warning_systems/eicas.biggles-software.Boeing 757 Warning Systems :: EICAS Page 2 of 7 • SELCAL SYSTEM ALERT LEVEL DEFINITIONS TIME CRITICAL WARNINGS Time critical warnings alert the crew of a non-normal operational condition requiring immediate crew awareness and corrective action to maintain safe flight. The priority in descending order is: • Warning (red) • Caution (amber) • Advisory (amber. CAUTIONS Cautions alert the crew to a non-normal operational or system condition requiring immediate crew awareness. Corrective action may be required. indented) • • Medium level communication (white. and advisories are displayed from the top down in the EICAS display message area. • Medium . Master warning lights. ADVISORIES Advisories alert the crew to a non-normal operational or system condition requiring routine crew awareness.reserved for future use. cautions. indented.identify an incoming communication requiring immediate awareness and a prompt response. WARNINGS Warnings alert the crew to a non-normal operational or system condition requiring immediate crew awareness and corrective action. • High . voice alerts. ALERT MESSAGE DISPLAYS Alert messages are displayed in both prioritized and chronological order. There are three levels of communication alert: • Low . COMMUNICATION ALERTS Communication alerts are triggered by the communication management system. preceded by a dot) Warnings.htm 26/10/2011 . See also: Communication Crew Alerting System STATUS MESSAGES Status messages identify system faults affecting airplane dispatch and are not considered crew alerts. The messages are displayed on the EICAS STATUS page.
An overflow of system alert messages displaces communication alerts. Pushing either switch: • Extinguishes both master WARNING lights. All caution and advisory alerts can be cleared. the area below the alert field displays a page cue. is reserved for a communication alert (medium or low) if one is active.Boeing 757 Warning Systems :: EICAS Page 3 of 7 New display messages appear on the page being viewed. • Resets the lights for future warning alerts. The lights remain illuminated as long as the warning alert exists or until either master warning/caution reset switch is pushed. If the number of messages exceeds eleven.com/software/757_tech/warning_systems/eicas. http://www.biggles-software. • Overspeed warning. COMMUNICATION ALERTS Communication alert messages are displayed at the bottom of the message area. Warning alerts can only be cleared by correcting the condition causing the warning. This also recalls the first page for review. when the flap lever is in a landing flap setting and landing gear are not down). The lights remain on as long as the caution alert exists or until either master warning/caution reset switch is pushed. • Takeoff configuration. the bottom line of the EICAS message field (line 11).htm 26/10/2011 . The red master WARNING lights illuminate when any warning alert or time critical warning occurs (except a stall warning). For example. Pushing either master warning/caution reset switch also silences the warning siren and fire bell except for the following warnings: • Landing configuration (for example. Pushing either switch: • Extinguishes both master CAUTION lights. The bottom line of the EICAS message field (line 11) is reserved for a communication alert (medium or low) if one is active. the new caution message appears as the top caution message on page one. indicating more than one page of messages is available for display. FLIGHT DECK PANEL ANNUNCIATOR LIGHTS Flight deck panel annunciator lights are used in conjunction with EICAS messages to: • Help locate and identify affected systems and controls. MASTER WARNING/CAUTION RESET SWITCHES AND LIGHTS Two master warning/caution reset switches each contain a master WARNING light and master CAUTION light. When the last page is displayed. The Communication Alert Line. if page three is selected and a new caution occurs. pushing the CANCEL/RECALL switch clears all displayed caution and advisory alerts. The amber master CAUTION lights illuminate when any caution alert occurs. Cleared caution and advisory alerts whose conditions still exist can be recalled by pushing the CANCEL/RECALL switch again. The Communication Alert Line can not be displaced by a system alert even if more than 10 lines are active Communication alerts are removed when a pilot selects the appropriate switch on the Pilot's call panel. If the Recall Switch is subsequently pushed. Paging is accomplished by pushing the CANCEL/RECALL switch on the display select panel. the caution message appears on page three below any warning messages. • Autopilot disconnect. • Resets the lights for future caution alerts. The communication alert line cannot be displaced by a system alert even if more than 10 lines are active.
AURAL ALERTS Aural alerts are provided to ensure crew attention.used for fire warnings. warning and caution alerts. System indicators appear in the top left corner of the display. Synthetic voices also annunciate certain normal but time critical operational information. Wailer . configuration and overspeed warning alerts. Siren . The siren consists of alternating high and low tones. the status display appears on the lower CRT. • Bell . Aural tones are used to alert the crew and to discriminate between the different alert types and levels.used to annunciate overspeed warning. Chime .biggles-software. • Siren .used to annunciate cabin altitude and configuration warning alerts. These indications are described in the systems chapters. Aural voice alerts are the most direct and rapid method of communicating a specific alert condition to the crew. • • • • • All continuous aural alerts are silenced automatically when the respective alert condition no longer exists. The siren consists of alternating high and low tones. There are no aural alerts associated with advisory level alerts. The beeper automatically silences after one series of four beeps.used to annunciate autopilot disconnect warning.used to annunciate cabin altitude.used to annunciate cabin altitude and configuration warning alerts.htm 26/10/2011 . There are no aural alerts associated with low-level communication alerts. • Voice .synthetic voices annunciate time critical warning alert conditions. The annunciator lights provide system feedback in response to flight crew action. The bell sounds repeatedly until crew action is initiated.a high-low tone chime used for medium level communication alerts. such as approach phase altitude callouts.used for all system alert caution level messages. and response. The aural alerts are: • Beeper . The chime sounds once for each communication alert. Aural alerts include synthetic voices and tones. status messages appear on the right side of the status display. The lights also assist in fault detection and system pre-flight configuration when the engines are shut down and to supplement EICAS information. autopilot disconnect. http://www. recognition. Aural alerts also annunciate medium level communication alerts.com/software/757_tech/warning_systems/eicas. The beeper consists of a tone that sounds four times in a second. These messages indicate equipment faults that require awareness at dispatch and that are not otherwise shown in the cockpit. STATUS PAGE When the STATUS switch is pushed. Siren . Clacker .Boeing 757 Warning Systems :: EICAS Page 4 of 7 • Reduce the potential for error. The siren consists of alternating high and low tones. White. Aural alerts annunciate time critical warning.
The cue disappears when the status page is displayed.Boeing 757 Warning Systems :: EICAS Page 5 of 7 Status messages are arranged by order of occurrence.General See also: Landing Gear . The maintenance mode is also canceled by pushing the Status Switch. engine performance data and engine exceedances stored in the EICAS computer memory due to an AUTO or MAN Event. record and retrieve maintenance information associated with systems and engine performance. The most recent status message appears at the top of the list.Brake Temperature MAINTENANCE CONTROL DISPLAY PANEL The maintenance portion of EICAS is used to monitor. A Status Cue appears in the upper left corner of the lower CRT if a new status message occurs and the status display is not currently selected. Pushing the Display Select Switch again or the Engine Switch cancels the maintenance mode and returns the EICAS displays to the engine indicating mode. pushing the switch again removes the status display from the lower CRT and blanks the screen. pushing the STATUS switch displays the next page. ELEC/HYD (Electrical/Hydraulic). Brake temperature appear on the lower right side of the status display. The DISPLAY SELECT switches are used to display ECS/MSG (Environmental Control Systems/Maintenance Messages).htm 26/10/2011 . The EICAS MAINT control panel provides a means of monitoring additional real time parameters for maintenance information and can also be used to retrieve recorded displays of systems information. Status messages do not need to be checked in flight. If the status display is deselected and subsequently reselected the message list is reordered.com/software/757_tech/warning_systems/eicas. returning the Lower CRT to the status mode of operation. Systems which provide recorded information when the switch is activated include: • Air Systems • Anti-ice and Rain • APU • Electrical System • Electronic Engine Control • Flight Controls / Flaps And Slats • Fuel System (quantity and management) • Hydraulic System • Landing Gear and Brakes http://www. The maintenance displays appear on the lower CRT when the Display Select Switches are pushed. however. Flight control positions for the rudder. CONF/MCDP (Configuration/Maintenance Control Display Panel) and ENG EXCD (Engine Exceedances) pages. ailerons and elevators appear in the bottom left corner of the status display. When the last page of messages is displayed. If there is an additional page of status messages.biggles-software. Retrieval of this information is inhibited during all flight operations. This information is used by maintenance for trend analysis and troubleshooting airplane systems. with the newest status message now appearing at the top of the first page. New status messages appear at the top of the page being viewed. EICAS EVENT RECORD The flight crew can manually capture and record any suspect condition into EICAS memory using the EICAS EVENT RECORD switch. PERF/APU (Performance/Auxiliary Power Unit). See also: Flight Controls . they can be useful in anticipating possible ground maintenance actions.
a Standby Engine Indicator (SEI) is automatically activated. an EICAS compacted display mode is available. EICAS FAILURE INDICATIONS If a fault is detected in one of the cathode ray tubes (CRTs). the faulty display is blanked. EICAS TEST http://www. The auto event must be cleared before a second auto event of the same Level can be recorded for that system.Boeing 757 Warning Systems :: EICAS Page 6 of 7 • Fire Protection System • Performance Only the last manual event recorded will be retained for future retrieval.com/software/757_tech/warning_systems/eicas. An EICAS DISPLAY advisory message displays when one CRT fails. the first auto event is automatically replaced by the higher priority second auto event. If the EICAS control panel fails an EICAS CONT PNL advisory message displays and the EICAS full up engine mode automatically displays. 2. Only the last manual event recorded will be retained for future retrieval. The cancel and recall switches will not operate when the EICAS control panel fails. MANUAL EVENTS may be recorded by pressing the pilot's EVENT RECORD switch. conditions are automatically written to EICAS memory. Push and hold the ERASE switch for 3 seconds. See: Engines . Note: The ERASE switch performs two functions: it erases all messages that are in view and it moves the display forward to show the next page of messages.biggles-software. CLEARING MESSAGES AM M To erase an EICAS maintenance message: 1. A subsequent manual event can be recorded for that system by pressing the switch again. AUTO EVENTS are instantaneously recorded when system or engine limits are exceeded and are restricted to one event per page for systems and two events for engines.EICAS for a description of the full engine mode. 4. The event record function also has an automatic feature. status can only be displayed on the ground. When a CRT fails. Note: All maintenance messages that still show after the erase procedure identify continued failures.EICAS for a description of the compacted display mode. brightness and computer select controls remain operative. Push the AUTO-EVENT READ switch.) 3. The AUTO and MAN EVENT READ switches select data from the Auto or Manual Event computer memory for display when a DISPLAY SELECT switch is pushed. system lights and indicators are used to monitor the engines and system operation when a total EICAS failure occurs. however. However. If both EICAS computers or CRTs fail. To ensure that all engine indications can be displayed with a CRT failure. (Make sure that AUTO EVENT shows at the bottom of the lower display. Engine indications and crew alerting messages appear on the operable display. When an EICAS event occurs. See: Engines . when a red band exceedence occurs after an amber band exceedence has been recorded. The SEI.htm 26/10/2011 . Push the ECS/MSG switch on the EICAS MAINT panel on the right side panel to see the ECS/MSG page. Continue to push the ERASE switch until PAGE does not show or until PAGE 1 shows again.
htm 26/10/2011 . a beeper and siren sound.com/software/757_tech/warning_systems/eicas. A TEST FAIL massage appears if faults detected. the Master and warning Caution Lights illuminate. A configuration warning also occurs.biggles-software. © Biggles Software 2002-2010 http://www. When the test switch is pushed. Pushing the test switch once more cancels the test and returns the displays to the engine indicating mode. test patterns appear on both CRTs and the Standby Engine Indicator comes on. A TEST IN PROGRESS message appears during the test and disappears when the test is complete. A TEST OK message then appears if the test is passed. The test can only be displayed on the ground with the parking brake set.Boeing 757 Warning Systems :: EICAS Page 7 of 7 A test of EICAS is initiated with the EICAS Test Switch.
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