# http://www.mathgoodies.com/lessons/toc_vol6.

shtm -----20 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 comes 3 times 1 is not used prime:2 3 5 7 non prime: 4 6 8 9 there are 4 positions left and can be filled by any of these 8 numbers required probability = at least one prime= 1-P(no prime numbers used) = 1-(4/8)^4 = 15/16 what u r doing is taking the only when all of the 4 digits are prime number....BUT we got to take the case when at least 1 number is a prime....may be 2 ..may be three are prime -------------- 3 ---------Numbers 1 through 96 (I assume you mean inclusive) can be divided into 12 groups of 8 consecutive numbers (1 through 8, 9 through 16, etc.) Take a look at the first group: 1*2*3=6 NO 2*3*4=24 YES 3*4*5=60 NO 4*5*6=120 YES 5*6*7=210 NO 6*7*8=336 YES 7*8*9=504 YES 8*9*10=720 YES The probability for the first group is 5/8. Since the prob. for every group should be the same, since the remainders alone determine whether the product will be divisible by 8. So the final answer is 5/8. --- 17 – (answer: 2/3) --- 26 --For any group of five cards, there are 5! ways (permutations) that the group could be picked. For the five cards you pick in a given trial, there are 5! (120) ways you could have picked that same group of five cards, but only 1 way for those five cards to be picked in ascending order. Therefore, the probability of picking five cards in ascending order from a pack of 52 (or a pack of 5000, for that matter) is 1/120. --- 27 Ostensibly, the answer should be: (Probability both men tell the truth when it's raining) / ((Probability both men tell the truth when it's raining) + (Probability both men lie when it isn't raining)) = (3/4)*(3/4)/((3/4)*(3/4) + (1/4)*(1/4))

= 9/10 However, there is a "hidden" factor: In order to compute the true odds, it is necessary to know the a priori probability that it rains at any given instant in time at the location at which the problem is set. If the problem were set on the moon, that probability would be 0. If set in some tropical rain forest, the probability might be 1/4. If R is the probability that it is instantaneously raining, then we get: Odds that it is indeed raining = R*(3/4)*(3/4)/(R*(3/4)*(3/4) + (1 - R)*(1/4)*(1/4)) = 9R/(8R + 1) Note that when R = .5, we get 9/10. --- 28 – 31 1. 11/45 37/90 2. 23/72 3. (i) (a) 297/9950 (b) 1/19900 4.(i) 3/11 (ii) 3/19 --- 32--says 1/9, ----35 Answers a- 14!/2! b- 12! c-1/9! ---52 E ----