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Pisces 30: The Great Stone Face

Pisces 30: The Great Stone Face

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The word great descends from the Indo-European (IE) root ghreu- which means “to rub, grind.” Its paronyms include the words chromatic, chrome, gravel, grit, groat, group, grout, gruel, and gruesome.
The word stone descends from IE the root stai- which means “stone.” It paronyms include and from which also descend the words steapsin (an unorganized ferment or enzyme present in pancreatic juice), stearic (of or relating to or composed of fat), steenbrook, stein, and tungsten.
The word face descends from the IE root dhe- which means “to set, put.” Among its over 150 paronyms are the words affair, affection, amplify, artifact, benefit, condiment, confetti, defeat, deface, difficult, defect, do, effect, efficiency, façade, perfect, fact, facet, factory, feature, fetish, infection, modification, office, profit, qualification, sufficiency, surface, theme, and thesis.
THEMES: The first theme concerns ROCKS. Recall that one of the paronym of the great is gravel which means “small pieces of stone used for making paths and roads.”
A second theme concerns SURFACES. Among the paronyms of face is the word facet which means “one of the flat polished surfaces cut on a gemstone or occurring naturally on a crystal” and “a similar surface cut on a fragment of rock by the action of water, windblown sand.”
A third theme concerns COLOR. Among the paronyms of great is chromatic which means “relating to colors or color” and “relating to color perceived to have a saturation greater than zero.” Wikipedia’s discussion of cutting faceted gems is notable for its inclusion of all three keywords, their paronyms, and/or their definitions:
The art of cutting a faceted gem is an exacting procedure performed on a faceting machine. The ideal product of FACET cutting is a gemstone that displays a pleasing balance of internal reflections of light known as brilliance, strong and colorful dispersion which is commonly referred to as "fire" and brightly colored flashes of reflected light known as scintillation. Typically transparent to translucent stones are faceted, although opaque materials may occasionally be faceted as the luster of the gem will produce appealing reflections.
Finally, there are several other relationships evident among the paronyms of face, great, and stone. For example:
• Office (a paronym of face) and group (a paronym of great) can both refer to a section or department of an organization and/or to employees of a business or other enterprise.
• Millstone and grindstone, as well as the word office, are all synonyms of ‘task’ when the latter is defined as “job or chore, often assigned.”
• Millstone and office are synonyms of “duty” when it is defined as “responsibility or assignment.”
• Millstone and office are synonyms of “charge” when it is defined as “burden.”
The word great descends from the Indo-European (IE) root ghreu- which means “to rub, grind.” Its paronyms include the words chromatic, chrome, gravel, grit, groat, group, grout, gruel, and gruesome.
The word stone descends from IE the root stai- which means “stone.” It paronyms include and from which also descend the words steapsin (an unorganized ferment or enzyme present in pancreatic juice), stearic (of or relating to or composed of fat), steenbrook, stein, and tungsten.
The word face descends from the IE root dhe- which means “to set, put.” Among its over 150 paronyms are the words affair, affection, amplify, artifact, benefit, condiment, confetti, defeat, deface, difficult, defect, do, effect, efficiency, façade, perfect, fact, facet, factory, feature, fetish, infection, modification, office, profit, qualification, sufficiency, surface, theme, and thesis.
THEMES: The first theme concerns ROCKS. Recall that one of the paronym of the great is gravel which means “small pieces of stone used for making paths and roads.”
A second theme concerns SURFACES. Among the paronyms of face is the word facet which means “one of the flat polished surfaces cut on a gemstone or occurring naturally on a crystal” and “a similar surface cut on a fragment of rock by the action of water, windblown sand.”
A third theme concerns COLOR. Among the paronyms of great is chromatic which means “relating to colors or color” and “relating to color perceived to have a saturation greater than zero.” Wikipedia’s discussion of cutting faceted gems is notable for its inclusion of all three keywords, their paronyms, and/or their definitions:
The art of cutting a faceted gem is an exacting procedure performed on a faceting machine. The ideal product of FACET cutting is a gemstone that displays a pleasing balance of internal reflections of light known as brilliance, strong and colorful dispersion which is commonly referred to as "fire" and brightly colored flashes of reflected light known as scintillation. Typically transparent to translucent stones are faceted, although opaque materials may occasionally be faceted as the luster of the gem will produce appealing reflections.
Finally, there are several other relationships evident among the paronyms of face, great, and stone. For example:
• Office (a paronym of face) and group (a paronym of great) can both refer to a section or department of an organization and/or to employees of a business or other enterprise.
• Millstone and grindstone, as well as the word office, are all synonyms of ‘task’ when the latter is defined as “job or chore, often assigned.”
• Millstone and office are synonyms of “duty” when it is defined as “responsibility or assignment.”
• Millstone and office are synonyms of “charge” when it is defined as “burden.”

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Published by: Starling on Nov 12, 2011
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11/13/2011

Pisces 30: The Great Stone Face

T h e w o r d g r e at d e sc e n d s f r o m t h e I n d o - E u r o p e a n ( I E ) r o o t ghr eu - w hi ch m e a n s “ t o r u b , g r i n d . ” 1 I t s p a r on y m s i n c l u d e t he w o r d s c h ro m a t i c , c h ro m e ,

gra ve l , gri t, gro a t , gro u p , gro u t , gru e l,
a n d gru e s o m e . 2 T h e w o r d s t o ne d e s c e n d s f r o m I E t h e r o o t st ai - w h i ch m e a n s “ st o n e . ” 3 I t p a r o n y m s i n c l u d e a n d f r o m w h i c h a l so d e s c e n d t he w o r d s s t e ap s in ( a n u n o r g a n i z e d f e r m e n t o r e n z y m e p r e se n t i n p a n c r e a t i c j u i c e ) ,

s t e a ri c ( o f o r re l a t i n g t o o r c o mp o se d o f f a t ) , st ee n b ro ok , s t ei n ,
a n d t u n gs te n . T h e w o r d f a ce d e s ce n d s f r o m t h e IE ro o t d he - w h i c h m e a n s “ t o s e t , p ut . ” 4 A m o n g i t s o v e r 1 5 0 p a r o n ym s a r e t he w o r d s af f a i r ,

a f f e c t i on , a m p li f y , a rt i f a c t , b e ne f i t , c on di m e n t , c on f e t t i, de f e a t , de f a c e , di f f i c u l t , de f e c t , do , e f f e c t , e f f i c i e nc y , f a ça de , perf e c t , f ac t, f a c e t , f a c to ry , f e atu re , f et i s h, in f e c ti on , m o di fi c a ti o n , o f fi c e , p ro f it , q u a l i f i ca ti o n , s u f f ic i e n c y , s u rf a c e , t h em e , a n d t h es i s.
TH EMES : T he f i r s t t h e m e c on c e r n s ROC KS . R e c a l l t h a t o n e o f t h e p a r o n y m o f t he g rea t i s gra ve l w h i c h m e a n s “ s m a l l p i e c e s o f s t on e u s e d f o r m a k i n g p a t h s a n d r o a d s. ” 5 A s e c o n d t he m e c on c e r n s S URFACE S . A m o n g t h e p a r o n ym s o f f ac e i s t h e w o r d f a c e t w h i c h me a n s “ on e o f t he f l a t p o li sh e d s u r f a c e s c u t o n a ge mst o ne o r o c c u r r i n g n a t u r a l l y on a cr y s t a l ” a n d

1 2 3 4 5

Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionar y of Indo European Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European http://www.macmillandictionary.com/dictionary/american/gravel Starling Hunter © 2011 1

Roots, Roots, Roots, Roots,

p. p. p. p.

32 121 84 17

“ a si m i l a r s u r f a c e c u t o n a f r a g m e n t o f r o c k b y t h e a c t i o n o f w a t e r, windblown sand.”6 A t h i r d t h e m e c o n ce r n s CO LOR . A m on g t h e p a r o n y m s o f g re at i s

c h ro m a t i c w h i c h me a n s “ r e la t i n g t o co l o r s o r c o l o r ” a n d “ r e l a t i n g
t o c o l o r p e r c e i v e d t o h a v e a s a t u ra t i on g r e a t e r t h a n z e r o. ” 7 W i k i p e di a ’ s d i sc u ss i o n o f c ut t i n g f a c et e d ge m s i s n o t a b le f o r i t s i n c l u s i on o f a l l t h re e k e y w o r d s , t he i r p a r o n y m s, a n d / o r t h e i r definitions: The art of cutting a faceted gem is an exacting procedure performed on a faceting machine. The ideal product of F A CET cutting is a gemstone that displays a pleasing balance of internal reflections of light known as brilliance, strong and colorful dispersion which is commonly referred to as "fire" and brightly colored flashes of reflected light known as scintillation. Typically transparent to translucent stones are faceted, although opaque materials may occasionally be faceted as the luster of the gem will produce appealing reflections.8 F i n a l l y , t he r e a r e se v e r a l o t he r r e l a t i o n s h i p s e v i d e n t a m o n g t h e p a r o n y m s o f f ac e , g re at , a n d st o ne . F o r e x a m p l e : 

O f f i c e ( a p a r o n y m o f f a c e ) a n d gro u p ( a p a r o n y m o f gr e at )

c a n b ot h r e f e r t o a s e c t i on o r d e p a r t me n t o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a n d / o r t o e mp l o y e e s o f a b u s i n e s s o r o t h e r e n t e rp r i s e . 9

 M i l l st o n e a n d gri nds t o n e , a s we l l a s t h e w o r d o f f i c e , a r e a l l  M i l l st o n e a n d o f f i ce a r e s yn o n y m s o f “ d u t y ” w h e n i t i s
d e f i n e d a s “ r e s p on s i b i li t y o r a s s i g n me n t . ” 11 d e f i n e d a s “ b u r d e n . ” 12

s y n o n y m s o f ‘ t a s k ’ w h e n t h e la t t e r i s d e f i n e d a s “ j o b o r c h o r e , o f t e n a s s i g n e d . ” 10

 M i l l st o n e a n d o f f i ce a r e s yn o n y m s o f “ c h a r g e ” w h e n i t i s

6 http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/facet; http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/facet 7 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/chromatic 8 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Facet#Cutting_facets 9 http://thesaurus.com/browse/office?page=3&qsrc=121 10 h t t p : / / t h e s a u r u s . c o m / b r o w s e / o f f i c e ? p a g e = 4 & q s r c = 1 2 1 11 h t t p : / / t h e s a u r u s . c o m / b r o w s e / o f f i c e ? p a g e = 2 & q s r c = 1 2 1 12 h t t p : / / t h e s a u r u s . c o m / b r o w s e / o f f i c e

Starling Hunter © 2011

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