August 9, 2010

HANDA KA FUNDA

COMPANY NAME ETYMOLOGIES

Why are they called, what they are called? Version 1.1 Ravi Handa & Avinash Maurya

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com . Yamaha.Edited By: http://handakafunda. Parle. What we mean by that is we have removed the etymologies of companies that we believe are not very popular / well-known. feel free to contact us for well – whatever you think you should contact us for. etc. there can be an error in judgment and if you feel that we have made that error please mail us with the name of the companies you would like to see in this list. Even if they were interested. When we put out the first edition. Obviously. The response to the eBook by readers was a pleasant surprise with number of downloads reaching 600.com/handakafunda Preface When we compiled the first edition of the eBook we thought we would get a total of 20-25 downloads because there are not that many quizzers who would be interested in “Company Name Etymologies”. It is at this point we would like to clarify that we have not compiled this list on our own. Ravi Handa Avinash Maurya Edited By: http://handakafunda. they always had the Wikipedia list to go through. Maruti. the effort seemed worthwhile. Also. In this edition we have added around 27 new entries like Zippo. which do not exist on the Wikipedia page. Somehow. the Wikipedia post had around 500 entries and our eBook had around 200.com http://twitter. Warner Bros. We know that it is not a big deal but it made us happy. Cheers. We promise that we would update the list for the next version. We have just copied it from Wikipedia (Original Link) and edited the hell out of it.

com http://twitter. Amazon. 7:00 a. 1824) and De Twentsche Bank merged to form the Algemene Bank Nederland (ABN. (Alternative: Amazon was chosen to cash in on the popularity of Yahoo.[18] It took over Lucent Technologies in 2006. The name Accenture was proposed by a company employee in Norway as part of an internal name finding process (BrandStorming). the company was called Andersen Consulting.[12] Akai – named for its founder.[14] Akamai – from the Hawaiian word akamai meaning smart or clever. the Amazon.com .m.com) after the world's most voluminous river. de Télécomunications et d'Electronique.m.[4] 3M – from the company's original name. in 1991. Before January 1. Alcoa – Aluminum Company of America. which listed entries alphabetically. until 11:00 p. The Latin word for “sharp. He saw the potential for a larger volume of sales in an online (as opposed to a bricks and mortar) bookstore. in 1966. General Bank of the Netherlands). 2001. his surname was appended.[19] Alfa Romeo – the company was originally known as ALFA.com – founder Jeff Bezos renamed the company Amazon (from the earlier name of Cadabra.[9] Acer – Born as Multitech International in 1976. [16] Alcatel-Lucent – Alcatel was named from Société Alsacienne de Constructions Atomiques. When Nicola Romeo bought ALFA in 1915. and compatibility. the three coms are computer. the company changed its name to Acer in 1987. AltaVista – Spanish for "high view". clever and cool". Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company.Edited By: http://handakafunda. the Nederlandsche Handel-Maatschappij (Dutch Trading Society. ABN and Amro Bank merged to form ABN AMRO. able and facile” Adidas – from the name of the founder Adolf (Adi) Dassler. communication.[5] 7-Eleven – Convenience stores.com/handakafunda # 20th Century Fox – Film studio. an acronym for Anonima Lombarda Fabbrica Automobili. Accenture – from "Accent on the future". Masukichi Akai.[15] the company defines it as "intelligent.) AMD – Advanced Micro Devices Edited By: http://handakafunda. renamed from "U-Tote'm" in 1946 to reflect their newly extended hours. formed in 1935 through the merger of William Fox's Fox Film.[1] 3Com – Network technology producer. the Amsterdamsche Bank and the Rotterdamsche Bank merged to form the Amro Bank.[11] Adobe Systems – from the Adobe Creek that ran behind the house of co-founder John Warnock. and Twentieth Century Pictures.[6] A ABN AMRO – in the 1960s. acute.

The name is a contraction of Alan Michael Sugar Trading. The result after combining them was A PAtCHy server.Edited By: http://handakafunda. who founded the company in 1863. The company was founded in 1983 as Quantum Computer Services. and his later partner Adolphus Busch. Audi – Latin translation of the German name "Horch". Aceralia (Spain) and Usinor (France) with the ambition of becoming a major player in the steel industry.3. B Bayer – named after Friedrich Bayer.com . was later taken over by Unilever. Ben & Jerry's – named after Ben Cohen and Jerry Greenfield. Inc. The original games company was American but wanted a Japanese-sounding name.com http://twitter.com – search engine formerly named after Jeeves. originally British Broadcasting Company. Ben & Jerry's Homemade Holdings. BBC – British Broadcasting Corporation. Anheuser-Busch InBev – Formed by the 2008 purchase of Anheuser-Busch by InBev. using the spare letters. Anheuser-Busch was named for the company's original founder. DEC. Ask. Asus – named after Pegasus. Wodehouse's series of books. AT&T – the American Telephone and Telegraph Corporation officially changed its name to AT&T in the 1990s. Eberhard Anheuser. The company. named after the town of Broken Hill. but still wanted to manufacture cars. In English it is: "hark!". [25] Aston Martin – from the "Aston Hill" races (near Aston Clinton) where the company was founded. Apache – according to the project's 1997 FAQ: "The Apache group was formed around a number of people who provided patch files that had been written for NCSA httpd 1."[23] Apple – For the favorite fruit of co-founder Steve Jobs and/or for the time he worked at an apple orchard. G. complicated imagery created by other computer companies at the time – which had names such as IBM. The first three letters of the word were dropped to get a high position in alphabetical listings. though not identical. and the surname of Lionel Martin. Atari – named from the board game Go. he called his new company Audi.com/handakafunda Amstrad – Amstrad Consumer Electronics plc was founded by Sir Alan Michael Sugar in the UK. to "check" in chess. Since the original "Horch" company was still there. and to distance itself from the cold. not butler) in P. Ask Jeeves was shortened to Ask in 2006. The founder August Horch left the company after five years. the gentleman's gentleman (valet. the Latin form of his last name. AOL – from America Online. BenQ – Bringing Enjoyment and Quality to life[28] BHP – Broken Hill Proprietary. unapproachable. Cincom and Tesseract Arcelor – created in 2001 by a merger of Arbed (Luxembourg). "Atari" is a Japanese word to describe a position where an opponent's stones are in danger of being captured. who founded an ice cream parlor in 1978 after completing a correspondence course on ice cream making from Pennsylvania State University. the company's founder. An Asus company named Pegatron. was spun off in 2008. the winged horse of Greek mythology. where BHP was founded (now BHP Billiton) Edited By: http://handakafunda. It is similar.

Inc.Edited By: http://handakafunda. Robert Bosch GmbH (full company name) is a German diversified technology-based corporation. now BP. Boeing – named after founder William E. (The slogan "Beyond Petroleum" has incorrectly been taken to refer to the company's new name following its rebranding effort in 2000. The quality symbol would become a trademark and the trademark would become the company name in 1938.) Bridgestone – named after founder Shojiro Ishibashi. by Charles Wang Cadillac – named after the 18th century French explorer Antoine Laumet de La Mothe.) BHEL – Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited. founder of Detroit. Michigan. Canon – Originally (1933) Precision Optical Instruments Laboratory the new name (1935) derived from the name of the company's first camera. Farrell and Australian Sydney H. BSNL – from Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (India Communications Corporation Limited). The headphones quickly became known as the blue dots or blaue Punkte. formerly British Telecommunications plc. merged with Best Tractor Co. Bosch – named after founder Robert Bosch. the Kwanon. It was originally called Pacific Aero Products Co. BP – formerly British Petroleum. de Kantzow. The surname Ishibashi (石橋) means "stone bridge". in turn named after the Japanese name of the Buddhist bodhisattva of mercy. Blaupunkt – Blaupunkt ("Blue dot") was founded in 1923 under the name "Ideal". or "bridge of stone". If the headphones came through quality tests. Edited By: http://handakafunda. sieur de Cadillac. Cathay Pacific Airways Limited – The airline was founded on 24 September 1946 by American Roy C. The name stuck.com .com/handakafunda BIC Corporation – the pen company was named after one of its founders. Caterpillar – Originally Holt Tractor Co. A company photographer exclaimed aloud of a Holt tractor that the tracks' movement resembled a caterpillar moving along the ground. He dropped the final h to avoid a potentially inappropriate English pronunciation of the name. and Pacific because Farrell speculated that they would one day fly across the Pacific. Marcel Bich. Its core business was the manufacturing of headphones.com http://twitter. BT – formerly British Telecom (from BT Group. in 1925. Bose Corporation – named after founder Amar Bose. C CA – Computer Associates was founded in 1976 as Computer Associates International. Cadillac is a small town in the South of France. Boeing. with each man putting up HK$1 to register the airline. the company would give the headphones a blue dot. They named it Cathay Pacific because Cathay was the ancient name given to China. BMW – Bayerische Motoren Werke (Bavarian Motor Factories). Carrefour – chain of supermarkets and hypermarkets which started with a store near a crossroads (carrefour in French) in Annecy. a government of India company.

Colgate was named after William Colgate. or: from the company's first product.com . Corel – from Cowpland Research Laboratory. Comcast – from communications and broadcast. Pemberton changed the 'K' of kola to 'C' to make the name look better. Dell – named after its founder.) – Isaac Carasso in Barcelona made his first yoghourts with the nickname of his first son Daniel (DAN-ONE) Datsun – first called DAT. who set up a starch. Kashio Tadao. Michael Dell. The company changed its name from Dell Computer in 2003.com/handakafunda Casio – from the name of its founder. after the name of the company's founder. Debra. Chrysler. from the initials of its financiers Den. Colgate-Palmolive – formed from a merger of soap manufacturers Colgate & Company and Palmolive-Peet. an English immigrant.S. Walter P.K. Seymour Cray. He was the fifth and last child of the Dutch Jewish diamond merchant Levie Citroen and Mazra Kleinmann (of Warsaw. or: Compatibility And Quality. Danone (Dannon in the U. Michael Cowpland. Soon changed to DATSON to imply a smaller version of their original car. The brand name Dabur is derived from the words 'Da' for „Daktar‟ or „Doctor‟ and 'bur' from Burman. Palmolive was named for the two oils (Palm and Olive) used in its manufacture.Edited By: http://handakafunda. Cisco – short for San Francisco. a Swiss-born auto racer.S. Kennedy era to develop the technology. Daewoo – company founder Kim Woo Chong called it Daewoo which means "Great House" or "Great Universe" in Korean. Peet was dropped in 1953. laid the foundations of what is today known as Dabur India Limited. The company was merged into General Motors in 1917 and survives only as a brand name. who had set up the company Kashio Seisakujo as a subcontractor factory. D Dabur . The Citroen family moved to Paris from Amsterdam in 1873 where the name changed to Citroën.com http://twitter.[31] Cray – supercomputer company named after its founder. soap and candle business in New York City in 1806. ConocoPhillips – formed from the merger of Conoco (from Continental Oil Company) and the Phillips Petroleum Company. President John F. Coca-Cola – derived from the coca leaves and kola nuts used as flavoring. a French entrepreneur of Dutch descent. Chrysler – named after the company founder. Burman.Dr. Coca-Cola creator John S. Citroën – named after André-Gustave Citroën (1878–1935). This American digital telecommunications and satellite company was founded during the era of U. S. Compaq – from computer and "pack" to denote a small integral object. Debian – project founder Ian Murdock named it after himself and his girlfriend. Poland). Edited By: http://handakafunda. Dr. then (as SON can mean "loss" in Japanese) again to DATSUN when they were acquired by Nissan. COMSAT – a contraction of communications satellites. the very compact Compaq Portable. Aoyama and Takeuchi. CBS – Columbia Broadcasting System Chevrolet – named after company co-founder Louis Chevrolet.

who had created the Auction Web trading website. because of restrictions dating to the 1911 Standard Oil antitrust decision. Exxon was being called the "double cross company" but this eventually subsided.com/handakafunda DHL – named after its founders. the Japanese printer and peripheral manufacturer." EMI – formerly Electric and Musical Industries Ltd.com.Edited By: http://handakafunda. had already taken EchoBay. eBay – Pierre Omidyar. and Robert Lynn.Kevin Rose's friend David Prager (The Screen Savers. DKNY – Donna Karan New York. FCUK – French Connection United Kingdom. According to the company history:[34] "He chose Electronic Data Systems from potential names he scribbled on a pledge envelope during a service at Highland Park Presbyterian Church in Dallas. by Walt Disney Internet Group. (Esso is a trademark of ExxonMobil. E EA Games – EA is from Electronic Arts. He chose the name "Digg".com" was previously registered. Inc.O. because users are able to "dig" stories. The Walt Disney Company. Shri Shashi Ruia and Shri Ravi Ruia. Echo Bay Mines Limited.S. "Diggnation" would eventually be used as the title of Kevin Rose and Alex Albrecht's weekly podcast discussing popular stories from Digg.com . Digg.com http://twitter. Omidyar reportedly said. out of those submitted. Adrian Dalsey.com. Larry Hillblom. Dow – named after its founder. Edited By: http://handakafunda.) Esso had to change its name in the U. F Facebook – name stems from the colloquial name of books given to newly enrolled students at the start of the academic year by university administrations in the US with the intention of helping students to get to know each other better. Esso – the enunciation of the initials S. "Echo Bay" didn't refer to the town in Nevada. in Standard Oil of New Jersey. up to the front page. "It just sounded cool". This Week in Tech) originally wanted to call the site "Diggnation".. The site was called "Digg" instead of "Dig" because the domain name "dig. EDS – Electronic Data Systems. was named from "Son of Electronic Printer" Essar Group . founded in 1962 by former IBM salesman Ross Perot. The company was founded in May 1982 as Amazin' Software and changed its name to Electronic Arts in October the same year. ie. Fair Isaac Corporation – named after founders Bill Fair and Earl Isaac.Essar is named after the first letters of founder‟s names – S and R. ESPN – Entertainment and Sports Programming Network Epson – Epson Seiko Corporation. Exxon – a name contrived by Esso (Standard Oil of New Jersey) in the early 1970s to create a neutral but distinctive label for the company. but Kevin wanted a simpler name. Within days. a gold mining company. had formed a web consulting concern called Echo Bay Technology Group. Herbert Henry Dow. named for its co-founder Walt Disney. so Omidyar registered what (at the time) he thought was the second best name: eBay.

who introduced automobile mass production in 1914. which led to its international flight code. Soichiro Honda. Ford Motor Company – named after its founder. "AY". [35] Ferrari – from the name of its founder. which appeared in 1899 as the title of a painting of Nipper. [38] The name has no meaning. Hasbro – founded by Henry and Helal Hassenfeld. The company wanted to use the name "Lacto" but it was similar to some already in use. listening to a gramophone. literally "sunrise" HMV – from "His Master's Voice".com was unregistered. G Glaxo – a dried milk company set up in Bunnythorpe. Google – an originally accidental misspelling of the word googol and settled upon because google. Enzo Ferrari. a Jack Russell terrier. Goodyear – named after the founder of vulcanization. Googol was proposed to reflect the company's mission to organize the immense amount of information available online. also means "you" in Literary Chinese). H Häagen-Dazs – Name was invented in 1961 by ice-cream makers Reuben and Rose Mattus of the Bronx "to convey an aura of the old-world traditions and craftsmanship". Indian software company founded by Shiv Nadar. Charles Goodyear. by Joseph Edward Nathan. the highest mountain in Japan. Henry Ford. It later merged with Minneapolis Heat Regulator Company and was finally called Honeywell Inc. HCL – Hindustan Computers Ltd.com .com http://twitter. the company's original name. Harpo Productions – production company founded by Oprah Winfrey.Edited By: http://handakafunda. Harpo is Oprah backwards. the Hassenfeld Brothers. GlaxoSmithKline was a 2000 merger of Glaxo Wellcome and SmithKline Beecham. Fuji – named after Mount Fuji. the Goodyear Tire and Rubber company was founded by Frank Seiberling in 1898. Glaxo evolved and was registered on 27 October 1906. Haier – Chinese 海 "sea" and 尔 (a transliteration character. in 1963. Honda – from the name of its founder. Forrester Research – from the family name of the mother of the founder George Forrester Colony. New Zealand. Hitachi – old place name. Fiat – acronym of Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino (Italian Automobile Factory of Turin) Finnair – from "Finland" and "air". HP – Bill Hewlett and Dave Packard tossed a coin to decide whether the company they founded would be called Hewlett-Packard or Packard-Hewlett. founder of Honeywell Heating Specialty Co. Edited By: http://handakafunda. Honeywell – from the name of Mark Honeywell.com/handakafunda FedEx – abbreviation of Federal Express Corporation. Originally called "Aero Osakeyhtiö".

but since Hotmail is now Windows Live Mail. (At one time. Intel – Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore initially incorporated their company as N M Electronics. IKEA – a composite of the first letters in the Swedish founder Ingvar Kamprad's name in addition to the first letters of the names of the property and the village in which he grew up: Ingvar Kamprad Elmtaryd Agunnaryd.000 pairs were sold within three months of their introduction. briefs dispensed with leg sections and had a Y-shaped overlapping fly. The company dubbed the design the Jockey. Integrated Electronics was proposed but it had already been taken. Intel purchased the name rights for $15. the addition of brother Robert Wood Johnson I led to formal incorporation as Johnson & Johnson in 1887. Cooper. Hyundai – connotes the sense of "the present age" or "modernity" in Korean. so they used the initial syllables (INTegrated ELectronics). ICICI – Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India.000 from a company called Intelco. ergo sum). I IBM – named by Tom (Thomas John) Watson Sr. Later. Coopers Inc. Someone suggested Moore Noyce Electronics but it sounded too close to "more noise".com/handakafunda Hotmail – Founder Jack Smith got the idea of accessing e-mail via the web from a computer anywhere in the world. (Source: Intel 15 Years Corporate Anniversary Brochure) Ittiam Systems – an Indian company named from the famous philosophical dictum: "I think therefore I am" (Cogito. sold the world's first briefs at the Marshall Field's State Street store in downtown Chicago. When Sabeer Bhatia came up with the business plan for the mail service he tried all kinds of names ending in 'mail' and finally settled for Hotmail as it included the letters "HTML" – the markup language used to write web pages.On January 19.com . since it offered a degree of support that had previously only been available from the jockstrap. founder of Coopers Inc. Samuel T. To avoid potential conflicts with other companies with similar names. Johnson & Johnson – Originally a partnership between brothers James Wood Johnson and Edward Mead Johnson in 1885. renamed the company Jockey. 1935 during a blizzard. "Information Systems" J Jockey International. you would have seen "HoTMaiL" in the URL.[39] Infosys – An Indian software major. Edited By: http://handakafunda. HTC Corporation – A contraction of its original corporate name. To one-up them in all respects. . Jockey briefs proved so popular that over 30. if you clicked on Hotmail's 'mail' tab.com http://twitter. it is no longer there. It was initially referred to as HoTMaiL with selective upper casing. Designed by an apparel engineer named Arthur Kneibler. High Tech Computer Corporation.) HSBC – Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation. Inc. he called his company International Business Machines. an ex-employee of National Cash Register (NCR Corporation).Edited By: http://handakafunda.

It had the merits of a trademark word. (In Mexico. This Chinese company took over IBM's PC division. Konishiroku in turn is the short for Konishiya Rokubeiten which was the first name of the company established by Rokusaburo Sugiura in the 1850s. The letter "K" was a favorite with Eastman. pseudo-Latin for "new". It is popularly believed that the company adopted the abbreviated name in 1991 to avoid the unhealthy connotations of the word 'fried'. which is a combination of Glenn L. Lucky and Goldstar. LG – from the combination of two popular Korean brands. James Marwick. Commercials in the early 2000s tried to imply that the abbreviation stands for "Kitchen Fresh Chicken". who opened the first K-Mart in 1962. Lenovo Group – a portmanteau of "Le-" (from former name Legend) and "novo". There is a misconception that the name was chosen because of its similarity to the sound produced by the shutter of the camera. Kresge. publicists explained the name change as an abbreviation to Linea Goldstar. but Lego Group claims this is only a coincidence and the etymology of the word is entirely Danish. Kia Motors – the name "Kia" (起亞) roughly translates as "Rising from Asia" in Hanja.com http://twitter. KPMG – from the last names of the founders of the firms which combined to form the cooperative: Piet Klijnveld. Kodak – Both the Kodak camera and the name were the invention of founder George Eastman. He tried out various combinations of words starting and ending with "K". and Reinhard Goerdeler. he felt it a strong and incisive letter. [41] Lego also means "I put together" in Latin. Years before the little plastic brick was invented. It is not related to Kenwood Electronics. He saw three advantages in the name. Shozo Kawasaki KFC – short for Kentucky Fried Chicken. Kenwood Limited – named after Kenneth (Ken) Wood. K-Mart Named for Sebastian S. which started as Kasuga Radio Co in Japan in 1946 and became Trio Corporation in 1960.com/handakafunda K Kawasaki – from the name of its founder.[40] L Lego – combination of the Danish "leg godt". a combination of Lockheed Corporation and Martin Marietta. but in 2007 KFC decided to return to the original "Kentucky Fried Chicken" branding (although the corporate name remained KFC). would not be mispronounced and the name did not resemble anything in the art. Martin Company and AmericanMarietta Corporation.Edited By: http://handakafunda. who founded this kitchenware company as Woodlau Industries in the UK in 1947. The rumor that it was because the Commonwealth of Kentucky trademarked the name "Kentucky" is false. William Barclay Peat.com . Lego manufactured wooden toys. Konica – it was earlier known as Konishiroku Kogaku. which means to "play well". Edited By: http://handakafunda. Spanish for Goldstar Line) Lockheed Martin – Aerospace manufacturer.

In 1866 Ernest Francillon bought two plots of land on the right bank of the river Suze at the place called "Les Longines" and brought all of the watchmaking skills under one roof. who founded the first McDonald's restaurant in 1940. Inc. It was taken over by Nestlé in 1947 and survives as a brand name. Mercedes – from the first name of the daughter of Emil Jellinek. the chief deity of the Zoroastrians. At that time watchmaking in the area used the skills of people working outside the "comptoir d'établissage". Mattel – a portmanteau of the founders names Harold "Matt" Matson and Elliot Handler. The cars were supposedly named after Ahura Mazda. Ernest Francillon.com/handakafunda Longines – In 1862 the new company "Ancienne Maison Auguste Agassiz. the family of wolf spiders. who distributed cars of the early Daimler company around 1900. This was the first "Longines factory". it was named Lucent (meaning "luminous" or "glowing with light") because "light as a metaphor for visionary thinking reflected the company's operating and guiding business philosophy". joined with Bruce Murrie. Later. Mars – named after Frank C. Maruti Udyog Limited (MUL) . Forrest took over the family business after his father's death and merged the two companies in 1964. McDonald's – from the name of the brothers Dick McDonald and Mac McDonald. developed an innovative hair-color formula."Maruti". Forrest E. Lucent Technologies – a spin-off from AT&T. Mars and his wife. in 1993. Julius Maggi. Edited By: http://handakafunda. L'Oréal – In 1907. started manufacturing Mazda brand cars in 1931. after the partition of India. Chocolates. Successeur" was born.It was founded in 1909 by Wilhelm Maybach with his son Karl Maybach. to form M&M Ltd (from Mars & Murrie). Forrest founded Ethel M. according to the Landor Associates staff who chose the name. in popular Indian culture. Their son. After retiring from Mars. Malik Ghulam Muhammad returned to Pakistan and became that nation's first finance minister. though many think this explanation was created after the fact. Mazda Motor Corporation – the company was founded as Toyo Kogyo. a young French chemist. Mahindra and Mahindra Ltd . named after his mother. He called his improved hair dye Auréole. who started making candy in 1911. to cover up what is simply a poor anglicized version of the founders name. the name was changed from Mahindra & Mohammed to Mahindra & Mahindra in 1948. Hence. [43] It was taken over by Alcatel to form Alcatel-Lucent in 2006.com http://twitter. Mars. is India Hindu's lord Hanuman [Hanuman was the son of Pawan.The company was set up in 1945 in Ludhiana as Mahindra & Mohammed.Edited By: http://handakafunda. Maybach-Motorenbau GmbH .com .[44] M Maggi – food company named after its founder. Eugène Schueller. This theory is supported by the fact that the company is referred to only as "Matsuda" in Japan. the son of a Hershey executive. Jujiro Matsuda. often at home. Ethel. Lycos – from Lycosidae. Kapor used to be a teacher of Transcendental M ation technique as taught by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. and changed its name to Mazda in 1984. Lotus Software – Mitch Kapor named his company after the Lotus Position or 'Padmasana'. God of wind] is known as "maruti".

"[citation needed] Minolta – Minolta was founded in Osaka. which is German (actually. Napster . Galvin Manufacturing Company) started manufacturing radios for cars. Hence. and Edgar and Archibald Selwyn. the three diamond logo. the Minolta Vest. Microsoft – coined by Bill Gates to represent the company that was devoted to microcomputer software.[46] MRF – from Madras Rubber Factory.com/handakafunda Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) – Film studio formed from the merger of three other companies: Metro Picture Corporation. Goldwyn Pictures Corporation. Netscape is the combination of network and landscape. In 1952 he began manufacturing tread-rubber and.) Motorola – Founder Paul Galvin came up with this name when his company (at the time. Many audio equipment makers of the era used the "ola" ending for their products. who was born in Germany under the name "Nestle". [citation needed] Nike – named for the Greek goddess of victory. Edited By: http://handakafunda. The company logo is a bird's nest with a mother bird and two chicks.com . founded by K M Mammen Mappillai in 1946. Mitsubishi – the name Mitsubishi (三菱) has two parts: mitsu means three and hishi (changing to bishi in the middle of the word) means diamond (the shape). NEC – from Nippon Electric Company. Chennai (then called Madras).com http://twitter. The name was meant to convey the idea of "sound" and "motion". Swabian diminutive) for "bird's nest". created a browser to replace the Mosaic browser. It was not until 1934 that the name Minolta first appeared on a camera. Japan in 1928 as Nichi-Doku Shashinki Shōten (日独写真機商店. Nestlé – named after its founder. It became so widely recognized that the company later adopted it as the company name. in 1961. tyres. (Note that "diamond" in this context refers only to the rhombus shape. NCR Corporation – from National Cash Register.The service was named Napster after Fanning's hairstyle-based nickname.Edited By: http://handakafunda. N Nabisco – formerly The National Biscuit Company. the '-' disappeared on 3/2/1987 with the introduction of a new corporate identity and logo. changed in 1971 to Nabisco. not to the precious gem. Nero – Nero Burning ROM named after Nero burning Rome ("Rom" is the German spelling of "Rome"). Netscape – Originally the product name of the company's web browser ("Mosaic Communications Netscape Web Navigator"). Godzilla) by Jamie Zawinski. Goldwyn Picture Corporation in turn was named after the last names of Samuel Goldfish. most famously the "Victrola" phonograph made by the Victor Talking Machine Company. literally: Japan-Germany camera shop). Originally christened Micro-Soft. The company adopted the product name after the University of Illinois threatened to sue for trademark infringement over the use of the Mosaic name. The "slash between the 'o' and 's' [in the Microsoft logo] emphasizes the "soft" part of the name and conveys motion and speed. Mayer Pictures. it was internally named Mozilla (Mosaic-Killer. When Marc Andreesen. He started with a toy-balloon manufacturing unit at Tiruvottiyur. Henri Nestlé. co-founder of Netscape. Mozilla Foundation – from the name of the web browser that preceded Netscape Navigator. and Louis B.

Prada – an Italian high fashion house named after the founder Mario Prada. The company was founded in Cincinnati in 1837. William Procter. Relational Software Inc. Pixar – from pixel and the co-founder's name. Nortel Networks – named from Nortel (Northern Telecom) and Bay Networks. Pepsi – named from the digestive enzyme pepsin.Karsanbhai Patel. Later they changed the name of the company. an Austrian automotive engineer. Nirma .. the company expanded into producing rubber products in the Finnish city of Nokia. Nokia – started as a wood-pulp mill.com/handakafunda Nikon – the original name was Nippon Kogaku.com http://twitter. O Oracle – Larry Ellison. founded by Mohanlal Dayal Chauhan in 1929. Nintendo – Nintendo is the transliteration of the company's Japanese name. and traded as Northern Electric from 1914 to 1976. meaning "Japanese Optical". Procter & Gamble – named after the founders. The family name may have originated in the Czech name "Boreš" (boresh). nintendou (任 天堂).Parle group. The name Parle was derived from the Mumbai suburb of Vile-Parle. Novartis – after the Latin expression "novae artes" which means something like "new skills". The code name for the project was Oracle. The first (nin) can be translated as to "entrusted". Petrobras – An abbreviation of the Brazilian oil company's full name. The project was designed to use the newly written SQL database language from IBM. who pooled their resources after marrying two sisters.com . Alvy Ray Smith. implying the name means "To Pix". Petróleo Brasileiro (Portuguese for Brazilian Petroleum). The company later adopted the city's name. and James Gamble. the 'el' in pixel was changed to 'ar' because 'ar' is frequently used in Spanish verbs. Nissan – the company was earlier known by the name Nippon Sangyo which means "Japan Industries". a soapmaker.Edited By: http://handakafunda. The project was eventually terminated but they decided to finish what they started and bring it to the world. who founded Prada in Milan 1914. Ed Oates and Bob Miner were working on a consulting project for the CIA. a candlemaker. The company was originally spun off from the Bell Telephone Company of Canada Ltd in 1895 as Northern Electric and Manufacturing. after his daughter Nirupama. named the powder as Nirma. founder of Nirma group companies. ten-dou means "heaven". P Parle . Porsche – car company named after founder Ferdinand Porsche. Philips – Royal Philips Electronics was founded in 1891 by brothers Gerard (the engineer) and Anton (the entrepreneur) Philips. [48] Edited By: http://handakafunda. According to the biography "The Second Coming of Steve Jobs" by Alan Deutschman. to the name of the product.

the last word is typically abbreviated as AB. Later. He was introduced to Charles Stewart Rolls on 4 May that year. in 1904. Samsonite – named from the Biblical character Samson. Applications and Products in Data Processing). The pair entered into a partnership in which Royce would manufacture cars to be sold exclusively by Rolls. The latter was named after its founder. Sidewinder and Tomahawk. By the time he wrote the manual of the beta version of Red Hat Linux he had lost the cap. Johann A. Anwendungen und Produkte in der Datenverarbeitung (Systems. Maker of missiles such as Patriot. so the manual included an appeal to readers to return his Red Hat if found. Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services. Benckiser. SAP – SystemAnalyse und Programmentwicklung (German for "System analysis and program development"). Isaac Reckitt founded Reckitt & Sons in 1840. and the cars would be called Rolls-Royce. Samsung – meaning three stars in Korean. Sanyo – meaning three oceans in Japanese. RPG Group – Rama Prasad Goenka S SAAB – founded in 1937 in Sweden as Svenska Aeroplan aktiebolaget (Swedish Aeroplane Company). Reebok – alternate spelling of rhebok (Pelea capreolus). Rolls-Royce – name used by Rolls-Royce plc and Rolls-Royce Motor Cars. a company formed by five ex-IBM employees who used to work in the 'Systems/Applications/Projects' group of IBM. The name Standard Chartered comes from the two original banks from which it was founded – The Chartered Bank of India. SCB – from Standard Chartered Bank.com/handakafunda Q Qantas – from its original name. company founder Marc Ewing was given the Cornell lacrosse team cap (with red and white stripes) by his grandfather. among others. making his first car. Research In Motion – from the phrase "poetry in motion". and The Standard Bank of British South Africa. an African antelope. Maverick. Colman's. Red Hat – while at college. Reckitt & Colman . People would turn to him to solve their problems and he was referred to as that guy in the red hat.named from the merger of Reckitt & Sons with J&J Colman in 1938. a Royce.com .com http://twitter. which company founder Mike Lazaridis had seen used to describe a football player. SAP was redefined to stand for Systeme.Edited By: http://handakafunda. hence SAAB.[49] Reckitt Benckiser – consumer goods giant named from the merger of Britain's Reckitt & Colman and the Dutch company Benckiser NV in December 1999. Qualcomm – Quality Communication R Raytheon – "Light of the gods". In 1884 Frederick Henry Royce started an electrical and mechanical business. was founded by Jeremiah Colman in 1814. renowned for his strength. Australia and China. best known for its mustard. Edited By: http://handakafunda. among other military technology.

in 1924. and chose the name Stanford University Network for their product. Sprint – from its parent company. At the time. "since we were sonny boys working in sound and vision". It was taken over by Škoda Works. Suzuki – from the name of its founder.[53] Smart – Swatch + Mercedes + Art Sony – from the Latin word 'sonus' meaning sound. a character in Herman Melville's novel Moby-Dick Subaru – from the Japanese name for the constellation known to Westerners as Pleiades or the Seven Sisters. The company was originally called Telegraphen-Bau-Anstalt von Siemens & Halske. Škoda Auto was split off after World War II and is now part of Volkswagen. pipelines and railroad tracks were the cheapest place to lay communications lines.com http://twitter. Seiko –The two characters were taken from the phrase the company's vision which roughly translates to "a factory that successfully produces exquisite and precise watches". The company was founded as Tokyo Tsoshiu Kogyo KK (Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering Corporation) in 1946. which morphed into Skyper. – According to Seiko's official company history. and adopted the Škoda name from Emil Škoda. TAG Heuer . and 'sonny' a slang word used by Americans to refer to a bright youngster.com . and the constellation is featured on the company's logo. manufacturers of high-tech items such as ceramic turbochargers for Formula One cars. They didn't. Michio Suzuki. merged their operations. Starbucks – named after Starbuck. then Skype. Southern Pacific Railroad INTernal Communications. an industrial conglomerate. Sharp – Japanese consumer electronics company named from its first product. Sony was chosen as it could be pronounced easily in many languages. Seiko is a Japanese word for "exquisite" or "minute" as well as a word for "success". an eversharp pencil. titled A Journey In Time: The Remarkable Story of Seiko (2003). Siemens – founded in 1847 by Werner von Siemens and Johann Georg Halske. when the Royal Dutch Petrol Society Plc. T Taco Bell – named after founder Glen Bell. said Akio Morita. Subaru was formed from a merger of seven other companies. and the Shell Transport and Trading Company Ltd.Edited By: http://handakafunda. hoping to sell it to the college. Vaclav Laurin and Vaclav Klement. and changed its name to Sony in 1958. Samuel & Co were already importing Japanese shells when they set up an oil company.TAG Heuer was formed in 1985 when TAG (Techniques d'Avant Garde).com/handakafunda Sega – Service Games of Japan was founded by Marty Bromley (an American) to import pinball games to Japan for use on American military bases. Shell – Royal Dutch/Shell was established in 1907. so the oil company was named after the shells. The Shell Transport and Trading Company Ltd had been established at the end of the 19th century by commercial firm Samuel & Co (founded in 1830). Edited By: http://handakafunda. Skype – the original concept for the name was Sky-Peer-to-Peer. as the right-of-way was already leased or owned. Skoda Auto – the car company was founded in 1895 and originally named Laurin & Klement after its founders. Sun Microsystems – its founders designed their first workstation in their dorm at Stanford University.

which didn't bring up the right imagery. Volkswagen – from the German for people's car. It has its roots in 1860 when Edouard Heuer founded Heuer Watchmaking company. considered "the father of Indian industry". Toyota – from the name of the founder.social networking and microblogging service. as the Beetle. Lever Brothers was named after its founders.S. TCS – from Tata Consultancy Services. TVS Electronics – T. Branson says that when they were starting a business to sell records by mail order.com http://twitter. Volvo – from the Latin word volvo. from India's Tata Group. Telefone. Losing My Virginity. James. TVS Motors. Texaco – from The Texas Company U.[54] Toshiba – named from the merger of consumer goods company Tokyo Denki (Tokyo Electric Co) and electrical firm Shibaura Seisaku-sho (Shibaura Engineering Works). The name was derived from the original idea 'Twitch'. Sakichi Toyoda. Swift's Electric Rifle Tata Group – conglomerate named after Jamshedji Tata. The new name was written in katakana with eight strokes.Edited By: http://handakafunda. Initially called Toyeda. Vodafone made the UK's first mobile call at a few minutes past midnight on 1 January 1985. Twitter . Inc. from a Nazi social organization) later became known.'" Vodafone – from Voice. agreed in 1929. Sundaram Iyengar founded the group in 1911. V Verizon – a portmanteau of veritas (Latin for truth) and horizon. V. named after founder and legendary industrialist Jamshedji Tata.com .com/handakafunda acquired Heuer. a number that is considered lucky in Japan. In his autobiography. it was changed after a contest for a better-sounding name. W Edited By: http://handakafunda. which means "I roll". Data. Umbro – Umbro was founded in 1924 by the Humphrey (Umphrey) Brothers. U Ubuntu Foundation – named from a Zulu word (ùɓúntú) that translates as "humanity to others". It was originally a name for a ball bearing being developed by SKF. Ferdinand Porsche wanted to produce a car that was affordable for the masses – the Kraft-durch-Freude-Wagen (or "StrengthThrough-Joy car". UPS . Taser International – Thomas A. William Hesketh Lever and his brother. in English. and Wallace. "one of the girls suggested: 'What about Virgin? We're complete virgins at business.A. Virgin – founder Richard Branson started a magazine called Student while still at school. Unilever – name created to reflect the merger of Margarine Unie and Lever Brothers. Harold C.United Parcel Service of America.

Yahoo! founders David Filo and Jerry Yang jokingly considered themselves yahoos. as alluded to in Yahoo. It represents a person who is repulsive in appearance and barely human. it chose to retain the Wells Fargo name. Fargo. [57] Y Yahoo! – The word Yahoo was invented by Jonathan Swift and used in his book Gulliver's Travels.George Blaisdell liked the sound of the word "zipper" and "zippo" sounded more modern.[58] Yamaha . launched its first XeroX copier in 1949.com . The company started as a modest Vanaspati and laundry soap producer and is now also an IT services giant. It's also an interjection sometimes associated with United States Southerners' and Westerners' expression of joy. In October 1987. Limited (literally Japan Musical Instrument Manufacturing Corporation). Originally called Wire and Plastic Products. It changed its name after a court case brought by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF). Wells Fargo – From the founders of the original Wells Fargo company. Henry Wells and William G. Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle. formerly World Wrestling Federation (WWF). Wipro – from Western India Palm Refined Oil Ltd Wipro Technologies. Z Zippo . on its 100th anniversary. (When Norwest purchased Wells Fargo in 1998. which is now called the World Wide Fund for Nature. – Jack Warner. WPP – Global advertising and marketing company. the name was changed to The Yamaha Corporation.Edited By: http://handakafunda. It is also sometime jokingly referred to by its backronym.com commercials that end with someone singing the word "yahoo".com http://twitter.Yamaha was established in 1887 as a piano and reed organ manufacturer by Torakusu Yamaha as Nippon Gakki Company.) Wendy's – Wendy was the nickname of founder Dave Thomas' daughter Melinda. WWE – World Wrestling Entertainment. Edited By: http://handakafunda. X Xerox – named from xerography. Sam Warner. and changed its name to Haloid Xerox in 1958.com/handakafunda Wal-Mart – named after founder Sam Walton Warner Bros. a word derived from the Greek xeros (dry) and graphos (writing). and Albert Warner. Harold Warner. The company was founded as The Haloid Company in 1906.

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