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Martin Luther King

Martin Luther King

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Published by Shah Abdul Aziz

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Published by: Shah Abdul Aziz on Nov 13, 2011
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Martin Luther King

Martin Luther King, Jr. was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia, the middle child of the Reverend Martin Luther King, Sr. was an American Baptist minister clergyman, activist, and prominent leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for being an iconic figure in the advancement of civil rights in the United States and around the world, using nonviolent methods. King has become a national icon in the history of modern American liberalism. Growing up in Atlanta, King attended Booker T. Washington High School. A precocious student, he skipped both the ninth and the twelfth grade and entered Morehouse College at age fifteen without formally graduating from high school. In 1948, he graduated from Morehouse with a Bachelor of Arts degree in sociology, and enrolled in Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, Pennsylvania, from which he graduated with a Bachelor of Divinity degree in 1951. King married Coretta Scott, on June 18, 1953, on the lawn of her parents' house in her hometown of Heiberger, Alabama. They became the parents of four children.

Activities:
Civil rights leader, theologian, and educator Howard Thurman was an early influence on King. King also visited Gandhi's birthplace in India in 1959 and used nonviolent methods following the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. King became a civil rights activist early in his career and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957, serving as its first president. King's efforts led to the 1963 March on Washington, where King delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech. There, he expanded American values to include the vision of a color blind society, and established his reputation as one of the greatest orators in American history.

Montgomery Bus Boycott, 1955
On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat. The Montgomery Bus Boycott, urged and planned by Nixon and led by King, soon followed. The boycott lasted for 385 days, and the situation became so tense that King's house was bombed. King was arrested during this campaign, which ended with a United States District Court ruling in that ended racial segregation on all Montgomery public buses.

Albany movement
The Albany Movement was a desegregation coalition formed in Albany, Georgia in November, 1961. In December, King and the SCLC became involved. The movement mobilized thousands of citizens for a broad-front nonviolent attack on every aspect of segregation within the city and attracted nationwide attention. Divisions within the black community and the canny, low-key response by local government defeated efforts. However, it was credited as a key lesson in tactics for the national civil rights movement.

THE END . 1968. at 6:01 p. 1968.. smashing his jaw.m. King was booked in room 306 at the Lorraine Motel. He said he did not know why black people were excited over a demonstration "run by whites in front of a statue of a president who has been dead for a hundred years and who didn't like us when he was alive. Then. The march did. 1963 King. After emergency chest surgery. and said that Martin Luther King. then traveled down his spinal cord before lodging in his shoulder. King also was opposed to the Vietnam War on the grounds that the war took money and resources that could have been spent on social welfare services like the War on Poverty. The bullet entered through his right cheek. including a law prohibiting racial discrimination in employment. King was pronounced dead at St. owned by Walter Bailey. April 4. which took place on August 28. 1963. Opposition to the Vietnam War Starting in 1965. 1968. King called for a large march on Washington against "one of history's most cruel and senseless wars". The March. Kennedy initially opposed the march outright. was among the leaders of the so-called "Big Six" civil rights organizations who were instrumental in the organization of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. Malcolm X Malcolm X was equally critical of the civil rights movement. the day after President Johnson's State of the Union Address. protection of civil rights workers from police brutality. Tennessee." Malcolm X wanted to use violent methods to diminish discrimination and opposed King and his methods. helped put civil rights at the very top and was a success. He described its leaders as "stooges" for the white establishment. a $2 minimum wage for all workers. and especially King's speech. representing SCLC. King's opposition cost him significant support among white allies.March on Washington. Joseph's Hospital at 7:05 p. Jr.m. because he was concerned it would negatively impact the drive for passage of civil rights legislation. however. King began to express doubts about the United States' role in the Vietnam War. in Memphis. On January 13. King’s death: On March 29. make specific demands: an end to racial segregation in public schools. a shot rang out as King stood on the motel's second floor balcony. was a "chump”. King went to Memphis. in support of the black sanitary public works employees.

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