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Temperature Monitoring

Temperature Monitoring

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Published by Simmi Verma

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Published by: Simmi Verma on Nov 13, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Temperature Monitoring

Dr. Shreepathi

Thermal compartments

Temperature is uniform  Range of 36.5 to 37.5ºC  Should be monitored when significant change expected


Non uniform and lower than core by 2 - 4ºC  Skin surface and axilla are usual sites

Sites of measurement          Skin Axilla Nasopharynx Urinary bladder Esophagus Tympanic membrane Pulmonary artery Oral cavity Rectum .

Temperature monitoring technologies  ELECTRICAL Thermistor Thermocouple Platinum wire  - NON ELECTRICAL Dial thermometers (Bimetallic strip. alcohol) Infrared thermometers - . Bourdon gauge) Fluid expansion (mercury.

minus 39 to 250 degree Celsius It takes 2-3 minutes for thermal equilibrium and there is risk of breakage  Alcohol-minus 117 to 78 degree Celsius Alcohol is cheaper than mercury !!!! .Fluid expansion  Mercury.

.Dial thermometers.bimetallic strip .

Bourdon gauge thermometer .

Infrared thermometer Objects at body temperature primarily emits infra red radiation.both ear drum and ear canal  Otoscope like probe with disposable probe cover  .  Senses infrared radiation from a warm surface.


Mechanism of infrared thermometer Pyroelectric sensor containing polarized ceramic crystalline material  Change in temperature cause change in polarization  Change in polarization is detected as a voltage from which the temperature is calculated.  .

Advantages of infrared thermometers Well tolerated by the patient  Stable over a wide range of patients and ambient temperature  Non traumatic  Rapid measurement  .

improper aiming  Ear wax and curvature will give low reading  .Disadvantages Intermittent  Poor penetration.

or Zn) oxide sintered into a wire  Changes its resistance to the flow of current when it is exposed to a different temperature. Co.Thermistor temperature system  Metal (Mn. Ni.  The thermistor is incorporated into a wheatstone bridge  Temperature is calculated from the change in current flow .

Resistance Temperature .Thermistor .


Advantages  Small sensors  Rapid response  Continuous reading  Sensitive  Inexpensive  Disposable .

Disadvantages Resistance increases with the age of the device and will change with rapid and large changes in temperature .

Platinum wire a positive temperature coefficient resistor Electrical resistance of platinum wire varies linearly with temperature  Positive temperature coefficient  Working principle similar to thermistor  Extremely small diameter wire  .

Platinum wire Resistance Temperature .

1821    Electrical circuit with two wires of different metals added together at ends. One junction exposed to the area being measured and the other end at a constant reference temperature The temperature difference between these two points create a potential difference (Seebeck effect) and is converted to a temperature reading Copper and Constantan (alloy of Copper and Nickel) is usually used .Thermocouple Thomas Johann Seebeck .

Junction Potential Temperature .Thermocouple .

Thermocouple Galvanometer Metal A Metal B Reference junction T1 Measuring junction T2 .


Continuous reading .Small size .Stability .Advantages .Rapid response time .Accuracy .

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